The U.S. Electoral College

Featured Content November 4, 2016 – The U.S. Electoral College

The U.S. Electoral College was established in Article II, Section I, of the United States Constitution, and was later modified by the Twelfth and Twenty-Third amendments, which clarified the process.

“The Electoral College is a process the founding fathers established in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.

The Electoral College process consists of the selection of the electors, the meeting of the electors where they vote for President and Vice President, and the counting of the electoral votes by Congress.

The Electoral College consists of 538 electors. A majority of 270 electoral votes is required to elect the President. Your state’s entitled allotment of electors equals the number of members in its Congressional delegation: one for each member in the House of Representatives plus two for your Senators.

You help choose your state’s electors when you vote for President because when you vote for your candidate you are actually voting for your candidate’s electors. ”

Source: National Archives and Records Administration’s U.S. Electoral College web page

The Office of the Federal Register coordinates the functions of the U.S. Electoral College on behalf of the Archivist of the United States, the States, the Congress, and the American People.

For a more in depth look into the Electoral College and how it works, visit the National Archives and Administration’s U.S. Electoral College web page.

Related Legislation:

The provisions of law governing Presidential Elections are contained in Chapter 1 of Title 3, United States Code (62 Stat. 672, as amended).

3 U.S.C. 1 – Presidential Elections and Vacancies, January 3, 2016

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S. Doc. 112-9 – Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, June 27, 2016

  • Article II Executive Department

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  • Twelfth Amendment – Election of President

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  • Twenty-Third Amendment – Presidential Electors for the District of Columbia

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H. Doc. 113-181 – Article II – Constitution, Jefferson’s Manual, and the Rules of the House of Representatives, 114th Congress

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