In December 2008, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution which officially recognized World Oceans Day as June 8th each year. However, World Oceans Day has been globally coordinated and promoted since 2002. World Oceans Day serves as a reminder of the major role our oceans have on our lives and is celebrated to unite the world in the sustainable management of the health of our oceans. This year's theme is focused on plastic pollution prevention and encouraging solutions for a healthier ocean.
- The ocean covers 70% of our world, stretching from coast to coast.
- The average depth of the ocean is about 12,100 feet. The deepest part of the ocean is called the Challenger Deep which is approximately 36,200 feet deep.
- It is estimated that 91% of ocean species have yet to be classified, and that 95% of the ocean remains unexplored.
- Oceans affect weather patterns, produce oxygen, support nutrient recycling and maritime heritage, and provides food and medicine resources.
- 80% of all pollution to marine environments comes from the land.
- Marine-based drugs have been discovered that treat some types of cancer, antibiotic resistant staph infections, pain, asthma, and inflammation. For example, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and U.S. Department of Agriculture researchers found that a fish-killing toxin has the potential to kill or slow the growth of cancer cells.
Ocean Protection Legislation
- Explore the World Oceans Day site.
- Learn about our world oceans through NOAA's National Ocean Service.
- U.S. Government Publishing Office Fisheries and Aquatic Life , Environmental Protection and Conservation , Water Management , and Waterways and Bodies of Water publications.
- Check out the Environmental Protection Agency's Ocean Dumping resources.