Digitized Bound Congressional Record 1991 - 1998 Now Available

News September 20, 2016 - GPO and Library of Congress provide first time public access to electronic versions of digitized historical content

The U.S. Government Publishing Office (GPO), in partnership with the Library of Congress (LC), has made available on govinfo digitized versions of the Congressional Record (Bound Edition) from 1991-1998.

The release will cover Records appearing during the 102nd through the 105th Congresses (1991-1999), an era which saw the first Gulf War, the election and reelection of President Bill Clinton, enactment of the Family and Medical Leave Act, the Brady bill, and NAFTA, Republicans gaining control of both the House and the Senate for the first time since 1954 and the pursuit of their agenda based on the Contract with America, and the impeachment of President Clinton.

Following the release of years 1991-1998, GPO and LC will be making available digitized versions of the Bound Congressional Record all the way back to the first volume published in 1873. GPO published the first issue of the Congressional Record on March 5, 1873, and continues to publish the daily Congressional Record in print and digitally on govinfo.

About the Congressional Record (Bound Edition)

At the end of each session of Congress, all of the daily editions of the Congressional Record are collected, re-paginated, and re-indexed into a permanent, bound edition. This permanent edition, referred to as the Congressional Record (Bound Edition), is made up of one volume per session of Congress, with each volume published in multiple parts, each part containing approximately 10 to 20 days of Congressional proceedings.

The primary ways in which the bound edition differs from the daily edition are continuous pagination; somewhat edited, revised, and rearranged text; and the dropping of the prefixes H, S, and E before page numbers.

Searching the Digitized Congressional Record (Bound Edition)

The digitized volumes, Volume 144 (1998) and previous, are being added to more recent volumes, Volumes 145 (1999), 146 (2000), and 147 (2001) of the Congressional Record (Bound Edition) already available on govinfo. There are several differences between how you can access the digitized volumes and how you can access the more recent volumes:

  • The Congressional Record (Bound Edition) is available for full-text searching and you can use metadata fields to craft specific searches using either the basic search or advanced search. Searchable metadata fields for the digitized volumes (Volume 144 and previous) are: Full-Text, Branch, Category, Citation, Government Author, Series, SuDoc Class Number, Title, Congress, and Publication Name. Additional fields are available for searching the more recent volumes.
  • The digitized volumes (Volume 144 and previous) are available to browse and download at the section level (i.e. House, Senate, and Extensions of Remarks) while the more recent volumes are available at the article level.
  • The digitized volumes (Volume 144 and earlier) are not searchable using the citation search feature.
  • The History of Bills, compilation of Daily Digests, resume of all business transacted during the entire Congress, and the subject index to the Bound Edition will be available in the final part(s) of each year in the digitized volumes.