[Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents Volume 37, Number 41 (Monday, October 15, 2001)]
[Pages 1454-1463]
[Online from the Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]

The President's News Conference

October 11, 2001

    The President. Good evening. Thank you. Good evening. I would like 
to report to the American people on the state of our war against terror, 
and then I'll be happy to take questions from the White House press 
    One month ago today, innocent citizens from more than 80 nations 
were attacked and killed, without warning or provocation, in an act that 
horrified not only every American but every person of every faith and 
every nation that values human life.
    The attack took place on American soil, but it was an attack on the 
heart and soul of the civilized world. And the world has come together 
to fight a new and different war, the first, and we hope the only one, 
of the 21st century, a war against all those who seek to export terror 
and a war against those governments that support or shelter them.
    We've accomplished a great deal in one month. Our staunch friends, 
Great Britain, our neighbors Canada and Mexico, our NATO Allies, our 
allies in Asia, Russia, and nations from every continent on the Earth 
have offered help of one kind or another, from military assistance to 
intelligence information, to crack down on terrorists' financial 
networks. This week 56 Islamic nations issued a statement strongly 
condemning the savage acts of terror and emphasizing that those acts 
contradict the peaceful teachings of Islam.
    All is strong and united on the diplomatic front. The men and women 
of the United States military are doing their duty with skill and 
success. We have ruined terrorist training camps, disrupted their 
communications, weakened the Taliban military, and destroyed most of 
their air defenses.
    We're mounting a sustained campaign to drive the terrorists out of 
their hidden caves and to bring them to justice. All missions are being 
executed according to plan on the military front. At the same time, we 
are showing the compassion of America by delivering food and medicine to 
the Afghan people, who are, themselves, the victims of a repressive 
    On the law enforcement front, terrorists are being swept up in an 
international dragnet. Several hundred have been arrested. Thousands of 
FBI agents are on the trail of other suspects here and abroad. Working 
with countries around the world, we have frozen more than $24 million in 
Al Qaida or Taliban assets.
    We are aggressively pursuing the agents of terror around the world, 
and we are aggressively strengthening our protections here at home. This 
week we established America's new Office of Homeland Security, directed 
by former Governor Tom Ridge. Americans tonight can know that while the 
threat is ongoing, we are taking every possible step to protect our 
country from danger.
    Your Government is doing everything we can to recover from these 
attacks and to try to prevent others. We're acting to make planes and 
airports safer, rebuild New York and the Pentagon. We must act to 
stimulate a slow economy, to help laid-off workers, and we must fund our 
    This is a time of testing--this time of testing has revealed the 
true character of the American people. We're angry at the evil that was 
done to us, yet patient and just in our response.
    Before September 11th, my administration was planning an initiative 
called Communities of Character. It was designed to help

[[Page 1455]]

parents develop good character in our children and to strengthen a 
spirit of citizenship and service in our communities. The acts of 
September 11th have prompted that initiative to occur on its own, in 
ways far greater than I could have ever imagined. We've shown great love 
for our country and great tolerance and respect for all our countrymen.
    I was struck by this, that in many cities, when Christian and Jewish 
women learned that Muslim women, women of cover, were afraid of going 
out of their homes alone, that they went shopping with them, that they 
showed true friendship and support, an act that shows the world the true 
nature of America.
    Our war on terrorism has nothing to do with differences in faith. It 
has everything to do with people of all faiths coming together to 
condemn hate and evil and murder and prejudice.
    One month after great suffering and sorrow, America is strong and 
determined and generous. I'm honored to lead such a country, and I know 
we are ready for the challenges ahead.
    And now I welcome your questions.
    Ron [Ron Fournier, Associated Press].

FBI Warning/U.S. Domestic Response

    Q. Thank you, sir. You said that the threat is ongoing, and, indeed, 
the deadly virus of anthrax was found in three Florida people this week. 
Usama bin Laden's spokesman says storms of planes are yet to be 
hijacked. Your FBI warned just today that terrorist attacks could be 
happening again in the next couple of days.
    If the FBI knows of a credible threat, can you assure the public 
that you would take the precaution of locking down any system involved, 
whether it's buildings, airports, water systems, to prevent more deaths? 
And most importantly, is there anything you can say to Americans who 
feel helpless to protect themselves and their families from the next 
wave of attacks, if there are more to come? What can people do to 
protect themselves?
    The President. Sure. Today the Justice Department did issue a 
blanket alert. It was in recognition of a general threat we received. 
This is not the first time the Justice Department have acted like this. 
I hope it's the last, but given the attitude of the evildoers, it may 
not be.
    I have urged our fellow Americans to go about their lives, to fly on 
airplanes, to travel, to go to work. But I also want to encourage them 
by telling them that our Government is on full alert. And that--the 
alert put out today from the Justice Department was such an action.
    Now, if we receive specific intelligence, where we--a credible 
threat that targets a specific building or city or facility, I can 
assure you our Government will do everything possible to protect the 
citizens around and in or near that facility.
    And let me give you one example of a specific threat we received. 
You may remember recently there was a lot of discussion about crop 
dusters. We received knowledge that perhaps an Al Qaida operative was 
prepared to use a crop duster to spray a biological weapon or a chemical 
weapon on American people. And so we responded. We contacted every crop-
dust location, airports from which crop dusters leave. We notified crop 
duster manufacturers to a potential threat. We knew full well that in 
order for a crop duster to become a weapon of mass destruction would 
require a retrofitting, and so we talked to machine shops around where 
crop dusters are located. We took strong and appropriate action. And we 
will do so any time we receive a credible threat.
    Now, the American people have got to go about their business. We 
cannot let the terrorists achieve the objective of frightening our 
Nation to the point where we don't--where we don't conduct business, 
where people don't shop. That's their intention. Their intention was not 
only to kill and maim and destroy. Their intention was to frighten to 
the point where our Nation would not act. Their intention was to so 
frighten our Government that we wouldn't seek justice, that somehow we 
would cower in the face of their threats and not respond, abroad or at 
    We're both responding abroad and at home. The American people, 
obviously, if they see something that is suspicious, something out of 
the norm that looks suspicious, they ought to notify local law 
authorities. But in the meantime, they ought to take comfort

[[Page 1456]]

in knowing our Government is doing everything we possibly can.
    We've got a Homeland Security Office now running, as I mentioned, 
headed by Tom Ridge. We're sharing intelligence with our friends in 
countries from overseas. We follow every lead. And information-sharing 
between the CIA and the FBI is seamless, so that the reaction to any 
threat is real-time. But the truth of the matter is, in order to fully 
defend America, we must defeat the evildoers where they hide. We must 
round them up, and we must bring them to justice. And that's exactly 
what we're doing in Afghanistan, the first battle in the war of the 21st 
    Steve [Steve Holland, Reuters].

Action Against Al Qaida and the Taliban

    Q. Thank you. You've been careful to avoid saying how long the 
military strikes in Afghanistan might take place. But can you promise to 
say how long American--can you avoid being drawn into a Vietnam-like 
quagmire in Afghanistan?
    The President. We learned some very important lessons in Vietnam. 
Perhaps the most important lesson that I learned is that you cannot 
fight a guerrilla war with conventional forces. That's why I've 
explained to the American people that we're engaged in a different type 
of war, one obviously that will use conventional forces but one in which 
we've got to fight on all fronts.
    I remember saying to you all that the first shot in the war was when 
we started cutting off their money, because an Al Qaida organization 
can't function without money. And we're continuing our efforts to reach 
out to willing nations to disrupt and seize assets of the Al Qaida 
    We are in the process of rounding up Al Qaida members around the 
world. There are Al Qaida organizations in, roughly, 68 countries. And 
over 200 have now been apprehended. And every time I talk to a world 
leader, I urge them to continue finding the Al Qaida representatives and 
bring them to justice.
    As far as the use of conventional forces, we've got a clear plan, 
and it's to say to the host government that you have been given your 
chance--and by the way, I gave them ample opportunity to turn over Al 
Qaida. I made it very clear to them, in no uncertain terms, that in 
order to avoid punishment, they should turn over the parasites that hide 
in their country. They obviously refused to do so, and now they're 
paying a price. We are dismantling their military, disrupting their 
communications, severing their ability to defend themselves. And slowly 
but surely, we're smoking Al Qaida out of their caves so we can bring 
them to justice.
    People often ask me, how long will this last? This particular 
battlefront will last as long as it takes to bring Al Qaida to justice. 
It may happen tomorrow; it may happen a month from now; it may take a 
year or 2. But we will prevail. And what the American people need to 
know is what our allies know: I am determined to stay the course. And we 
must do so. We must do so. We must rid the world of terrorists so our 
children and grandchildren can grow up in freedom. It is essential. It 
is now our time to act, and I'm proud to lead a country that understands 

Nature of Action Against Terrorists

    Q. Mr. President, today Defense Secretary Rumsfeld said that Usama 
bin Laden was probably still in Afghanistan. How can the U.S. get him, 
dead or alive, to use words that you've used recently, if we're not 
entirely sure whether he's in the country? And can we win the war on 
terrorism if bin Laden is not found?
    The President. Ours is a war against terrorism in general. Mr. bin 
Laden is a--is one of the worst. But as you may remember, we published 
the 22 Most Wanted. He's one of 22 we're after. In terms of Mr. bin 
Laden himself, we'll get him running. We'll smoke him out of his cave, 
and we'll get him eventually.
    But success or failure depends not on bin Laden; success or failure 
depends upon routing out terrorism where it may exist all around the 
world. He's just one person, a part of a network, and we're slowly, but 
surely, with determined fashion, routing that network out and bringing 
it to justice.
    We've been active for a month. I intend to be giving you a briefing 
for as long as I'm

[[Page 1457]]

the President. I understand this is a unconventional war. It's a 
different kind of war. It's not the kind of war that we're used to in 
America. The greatest generation was used to storming beachheads; baby 
boomers, such as myself, were used to getting caught in a quagmire of 
Vietnam where politics made decisions more than the military sometimes; 
generation X was able to watch technology right in front of their TV 
screens--you know, burrow into concrete bunkers in Iraq and blow them 
up. This is a different kind of war that requires a different type of 
approach and a different type of mentality.
    And so we're going to slowly but surely tighten the net on 
terrorists, wherever they live. And it's essential to do so now. It's 
essential to do so now. The actions my Government takes, in concert with 
other countries, the actions we take at home to defend ourselves will 
serve as a go-by for future Presidents, or future Prime Ministers in 
Britain, for example, or future FBI Directors. It is important that we 
stay the course, bring these people to justice, to show--and show others 
how to fight the new wars of the 21st century.
    Helen [Helen Thomas, Hearst Newspapers].

Scope of Antiterrorist Action

    Q. Mr. President, on that note, we understand you have advisers who 
are urging you to go after Iraq, take out Iraq, Syria, and so forth. Do 
you really think that the American people will tolerate you widening the 
war beyond Afghanistan? And I have a followup. [Laughter]
    The President. Thank you for warning me. [Laughter]
    Our focus is on Afghanistan and the terrorist network hiding in 
Afghanistan, right now. But as well, we're looking for Al Qaida cells 
around the world. If we find an Al Qaida cell operating, we will urge 
the host country to bring them to justice, and we're having some 
progress--we're making progress.
    As I mentioned, Helen, this is a long war against terrorist 
activity. And the doctrine I spelled out to the American people in front 
of Congress said not only will we seek out and bring to justice 
individual terrorists who cause harm to people, to murder people; we 
will also bring to justice the host governments that sponsor them, that 
house them and feed them.
    You mentioned Iraq. There's no question that the leader of Iraq is 
an evil man. After all, he gassed his own people. We know he's been 
developing weapons of mass destruction. And I think it's in his 
advantage to allow inspectors back in his country to make sure that he's 
conforming to the agreement he made, after he was soundly trounced in 
the Gulf war. And so we're watching him very carefully. We're watching 
him carefully.
    Your followup, please.

Situation in the Middle East

    Q. It's a little offbeat, but--[laughter]----
    The President. Okay. Well, I expect an offbeat question, frankly.
    Q. ----you've met twice in the White House, since you've been in 
office, with Prime Minister Sharon. But you have refused to meet with 
Yasser Arafat. Now that you envision a Palestinian state, will you meet 
with Arafat and, if so, when?
    The President. I want to assure the American people, in particular 
our allies who are interested in our position in the Middle East, that 
we're spending a lot of time dealing with the Middle East. I know there 
was some concern amongst our allies when the September 11th--right after 
the September 11th attack, that we would forgo any responsibility we 
have in the Middle East. Secretary of State Powell is doing a great job 
of staying in contact with both Mr. Arafat and Prime Minister Sharon.
    I have met with Prime Minister Sharon, and I've assured him every 
time we've met that he has no better friend than the United States of 
America. I also stated the other day that if we ever get into the 
Mitchell process where we can start discussing a political solution in 
the Middle East, that I believe there ought to be a Palestinian state, 
the boundaries of which will be negotiated by the parties, so long as 
the Palestinian state recognizes the right of Israel to exist and will 
treat Israel with respect.
    Obviously, the events of September 11th have prevented overt 
diplomacy in the Middle East--not prevented it, it just made it--my 
calendar is a little crowded. On the other

[[Page 1458]]

hand, I am very much engaged. I have spoken to Prime Minister Sharon 
again. And if I am convinced that a meeting with a particular party at 
this point in time will further the process, I will do so. If it turns 
out to be an empty photo opportunity that creates expectations that will 
become dashed, I won't meet.
    I hope progress is being made. I was pleased to see that Mr. Arafat 
is trying to control the radical elements within the Palestinian 
Authority. And I think the world ought to applaud him for that. I hope 
he's taking measures necessary to reduce the violence in the Middle 
East, so that we can get into the Mitchell process.
    We're working hard on the topic, Helen. It's a very important part 
of our foreign policy.
    David [David Gregory, NBC News].

Usama bin Laden and Al Qaida

    Q. Mr. President, good evening. I'd like to ask you for a more 
complete portrait of your progress so far. Can you tell the American 
people, specifically, what is the state of Usama bin Laden? What is the 
state of the Al Qaida network? Are they on the run? To what extent have 
you been able to disrupt their activities? Do you believe there are 
members of those cells still in the United States capable of carrying 
out terrorist acts? And, again, do you know whether Usama bin Laden is 
dead or alive?
    The President. Yes. Let me start backwards. I don't know if he's 
dead or alive. I want him brought to justice, however. We are following 
every possible lead to make sure that any Al Qaida member that could be 
in the United States is brought to justice. The FBI has got thousands of 
agents who are following every hint of a possibility of an Al Qaida 
member in our country. We're chasing down the leads of--that have been 
given to us as a result of the bombing, and we're following other leads.
    Let me say one thing about the FBI that I think people find 
interesting. All of us in Government are having to adjust our way of 
thinking about the new war. The military is going to have to adjust. 
They recognize--and Secretary Rumsfeld clearly understands this--that we 
need to have a--that we need to rethink how we configure our military--
there's been some stories to that effect--so that we can more 
effectively respond to asymmetrical responses from terrorist 
organizations. The FBI must think differently, and Director Mueller is 
causing them to do so.
    The FBI, as you know, spent a lot of manpower and time chasing--
spies in a post-cold-war era. They were still chasing spies--nothing 
wrong with that, except we have a new enemy. And now the FBI is rightly 
directing resources toward homeland security. It's been an adjustment. 
And I'm proud to report that Director Mueller has adjusted quickly.
    I am confident that the Al Qaida organization is moving around 
Afghanistan. They think they might find safe haven? Not if we think 
they're there. And we've got them on the run.
    The other day we brought to justice a person that killed an American 
citizen in 1986. He was charged with murder. And I made a point of 
talking about that in a press conference because I wanted not only 
terrorists to understand but the American people to understand that 
we'll be patient, if need be, to bring them to justice. We'll find them.
    And he thought his--this is an interesting case in Afghanistan 
because it's--he thought he had hijacked a country. He actually did for 
a while. He forced a country to accept his radical thoughts. And it 
became a safe haven for bin Laden and the Al Qaida organization. It's no 
longer a safe haven, that's for sure, because of our military activity, 
    Yes, Elisabeth [Elisabeth Bumiller, New York Times].

Ensuring Continuity of Government

    Q. Mr. President, you've tried very hard to assure Americans that 
the country is safe, and yet your own Vice President has spent most of 
this week in a secure location. Can you explain why that is and also how 
long that will last?
    The President. Sure. I shook hands with the Vice President today in 
the Oval Office. I welcomed him out of his secure location. [Laughter] 
There are some times when the Vice President and I will be together, and

[[Page 1459]]

sometimes we won't be. We take very seriously the notion of the 
continuity of Government. It's a responsibility we share, to make sure 
that under situations such as this, when there are possible threats 
facing our Government, that we separate ourselves, for the sake of 
continuity of our Government. And I was pleased to see him. He's looking 
swell. [Laughter]
    Jim [Jim Angle, Fox News].

Nature of the Coalition

    Q. Thank you, Mr. President. Sir, some critics have expressed doubts 
about trying to get nations that once sponsored terrorism to now 
cooperate in the effort against terrorism. Would you share your thinking 
with us, sir, and is it your view that every sinner should get a chance 
to redeem himself--that there is, in effect, an amnesty for nations that 
once sponsored terrorism if they will now stop and cooperate with us?
    The President. Of course. But our ability to affect host nations 
harboring terrorists will depend upon our determination, our will, our 
patience. We are sending a signal to the world as we speak that if you 
harbor a terrorist, there will be a price to pay.
    And there are nations in the world that have expressed a desire to 
help. Helen mentioned Syria. The Syrians have talked to us about how 
they can help in the war against terrorism. We take that--we take that 
seriously, and we'll give them an opportunity to do so.
    I'm a performance-oriented person. I believe in results. And if you 
want to join the coalition against terror, we'll welcome you in. I have 
recognized some countries will do things that others won't do. All I ask 
is for results. If you say you want to join us to cut off money, show us 
the money. If you say you want to join us militarily, like Great Britain 
does, do so--and they have done so in a fashion that should make the 
people of Great Britain proud. If you're interested in sharing 
intelligence, share intelligence--all ways.
    I appreciate diplomatic talk, but I'm more interested in action and 
results. I am absolutely determined--absolutely determined--to rout 
terrorism out where it exists and bring them to justice. We learned a 
good lesson on September the 11th, that there is evil in this world. I 
know there's a lot of children in America wondering what took place. I 
think it's essential that all moms and dads and citizens tell their 
children we love them and there is love in the world, but also remind 
them there are evil people.
    And it's my duty as the President of the United States to use the 
resources of this great Nation, a freedom-loving nation, a compassionate 
nation, a nation that understands values of life, and rout terrorism out 
where it exists. And we're going to give plenty of nations a chance to 
do so.
    Terry [Terry Moran, ABC News].

FBI Warning

    Q. Back to the FBI warning of today, which was based, it said, on 
certain information that there would be retaliatory attacks over the 
next several days. Given the complete generality of that warning, what 
does it really accomplish, aside from scaring people into not doing what 
you've urged them to do--getting back to their normal lives--what should 
they do with it, and did you personally approve the issuance of that 
    The President. I'm aware of the intelligence that caused the warning 
to be issued, and it was a general threat on America. And as I mentioned 
earlier, had it been a specific threat, we would have contacted those to 
whom the threat was directed.
    But Terry, I think it is important for the American people to know 
their Government is on full alert, and that's what that warning showed. 
We take every threat seriously, and the American people shouldn't be 
surprised that we're issuing alerts. After all, on our TV screens the 
other day, we saw the evil one threatening--calling for more destruction 
and death in America. And so we should take these threats seriously. And 
we had another threat, a general threat. Had it been specific, we would 
have dealt with the specifics of the threat.
    I think the American people should take comfort in the fact that 
their Government is doing everything we possibly can do to run down 
every possible lead and take threats--and we take threats seriously.
    I think the American people do understand that after September 11th, 
that we're

[[Page 1460]]

facing a different world. And they accept that responsibility. They 
accept that responsibility.
    There is, I think, some positive news about the American people 
reacting to what we're doing. The load factors on airplanes are 
increasing. Now, I recognize certain routes have been reduced, but 
nevertheless, people are getting back on airplanes. That's important 
that that be the case. Hotels are getting more customers. That's 
important for the working people of the country.
    We are getting back to normal. We're doing so with a new sense of 
awareness. And the warning that went out today helped heighten that 
sense of awareness.
    John [John Roberts, CBS News].


    Q. Mr. President, you've said on repeated occasions that you're not 
into nationbuilding. Yet, it appears in this case, given the politics of 
the region, it may play a crucial role in resolving this crisis. Prime 
Minister Blair of Britain has said that the coalition, if the Taliban 
falls, will work to create a broadly based government. I'm wondering, 
sir, has that become a priority of your administration now, to devise a 
plan for a new government in Afghanistan? And what part might King Zahir 
Shah play in that?
    The President. Well, I think it's--John, it's a--first let me 
reiterate, my focus is bringing Al Qaida to justice and saying to the 
host Government, you had your chance to deliver. Actually, I will say it 
again--if you cough him up, and his people, today, that we'll reconsider 
what we're doing to your country. You still have a second chance. Just 
bring him in, and bring his leaders and lieutenants and other thugs and 
criminals with him.
    I think we did learn a lesson, however, from--and should learn a 
lesson from the previous engagement in the Afghan area, that we should 
not just simply leave after a military objective has been achieved. 
That's why--and I sent that signal by announcing that we're going to 
spend $320 million of aid to the Afghan people. That's up from roughly 
$170 million this year.
    I personally think that a--and I appreciate Tony Blair's--and I've 
discussed this with him--his vision about Afghan after we're 
successful--Afghanistan after we're successful. One of the things we've 
got to make sure of is that all parties, all interested parties have an 
opportunity to be a part of a new government, that we shouldn't play 
favorites between one group or another within Afghanistan. Secondly, 
we've got to work for a stable Afghanistan so that her neighbors don't 
fear terrorist activity again coming out of that country. Third, it 
would be helpful, of course, to eradicate narcotrafficking out of 
Afghanistan, as well.
    I believe that the United Nations would--could provide the framework 
necessary to help meet those conditions. It would be a useful function 
for the United Nations to take over the so-called nationbuilding--I 
would call it the stabilization of a future government--after our 
military mission is complete. We'll participate; other countries will 
participate. I've talked to many countries that are interested in making 
sure that the post-operations Afghanistan is one that is stable and one 
that doesn't become yet again a haven for terrorist criminals.
    Ken [Ken Walsh, U.S. News & World Report].

Domestic Reaction

    Q. Mr. President, I'm sure many Americans are wondering where all 
this will lead. And you've called upon the country to go back to 
business and to go back to normal. But you haven't called for any 
sacrifices from the American people. And I wonder, do you feel that any 
will be needed? Are you planning to call for any? And do you think that 
American life will really go back to the way it was on September 10th?
    The President. Well, you know, I think the American people are 
sacrificing now. I think they're waiting in airport lines longer than 
they've ever had before. I think that--I think there's a certain 
sacrifice when you lose a piece of your soul. And Americans--listen, I 
was standing up there at the Pentagon today, and I saw the tears of the 
families whose lives were lost in the Pentagon. And I said in my talk 
there that America prays with you. I think there's a sacrifice, there's 
a certain sense of giving themselves

[[Page 1461]]

to share their grief with people they'll never, maybe, ever see in their 
    So America is sacrificing. America--I think the interesting thing 
that has happened, and this is so sad an incident, but there are some 
positive things developed--that are developing. One is, I believe that 
many people are reassessing what's important in life. Moms and dads are 
not only reassessing their marriage and the importance of their marriage 
but of the necessity of loving their children like never before. I think 
that's one of the positives that have come from the evildoers.
    The evil ones have sparked an interesting change in America, I 
think--a compassion in our country that is overflowing. I know their 
intended act was to destroy us and make us cowards and make us not want 
to respond. But quite the opposite has happened. Our nation is united. 
We are strong. We're compassionate; neighbors care about neighbors.
    The story I talked about earlier was one that really touched my 
heart, about women of cover fearing to leave their homes. And there was 
such an outpouring of compassion for people within our own country, a 
recognition that the Islamic faith should stand side by side, hand to 
hand with the Jewish faith and the Christian faith in our great land. It 
is such a wonderful example.
    You know, I'm asked all the time--I'll ask myself a question. 
[Laughter] How do I respond to--it's an old trick--[laughter]--how do I 
respond when I see that in some Islamic countries there is vitriolic 
hatred for America? I'll tell you how I respond: I'm amazed. I'm amazed 
that there is such misunderstanding of what our country is about, that 
people would hate us. I am, I am--like most Americans, I just can't 
believe it, because I know how good we are, and we've got to do a better 
job of making our case. We've got to do a better job of explaining to 
the people in the Middle East, for example, that we don't fight a war 
against Islam or Muslims. We don't hold any religion accountable. We're 
fighting evil. And these murderers have hijacked a great religion in 
order to justify their evil deeds. And we cannot let it stand.
    John [John King, Cable News Network].

Nature of the Coalition/ABM Treaty

    Q. Mr. President, you have spoken with great pride of this 
international coalition. I want to ask you, before the events of 
September 11th, one of the big questions you faced this fall was, would 
you violate the Antiballistic Missile Treaty and go ahead with the 
missile defense plan if Russia did not strike a deal? Will you do that 
now because Russia's cooperation is so important? And separately but 
related, are you disappointed that while there have been some statements 
of support from the Muslim world and the Arab world, that there have not 
been more vocal and repeated statements agreeing with you that this is a 
war against terrorism, not Islam?
    The President. John, let me start with the latter part. I was 
heartened by the Organization of Islamic Conference's statement of 
support for our war against terror. I think that that statement spoke 
volumes about the attitude of Muslim nations, and I was pleased to see 
that support.
    Some coalition members will feel more comfortable doing certain 
things than other coalition members will. And my attitude is, and the 
attitude of my administration is, we'll accept any help that a 
government is comfortable in giving. And we should not try to force 
governments to do something that they can't do. Any help is better than 
no help.
    And so, I am so appreciative of the help we're getting in the Middle 
East. Somebody asked me the other day, was I pleased with the actions of 
Saudi Arabia. I am. I appreciate the actions of that Government.
    In terms of missile defense, I can't wait to visit with my friend 
Vladimir Putin, in Shanghai, to reiterate once again that the cold war 
is over, it's done with, and that there are new threats that we face, 
and no better example of that new threat than the attack on America on 
September 11th.
    And I'm going to ask my friend to envision a world in which a 
terrorist thug and/or a host nation might have the ability to develop--
to deliver a weapon of mass destruction via a--via rocket. And wouldn't 
it be in our nations' advantage to be able to shoot it down? At the very 
least, it should be in our nations' advantage to determine whether we 
can shoot it down. And we're restricted

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from doing that because of an ABM Treaty that was signed during a 
totally different era.
    The case cannot be even--the case is more strong today than it was 
on September the 10th that the ABM is outmoded, outdated, reflects a 
different time. And I'm more than--I am more than anxious to continue 
making my case to them. And we will do what's right in regards to----
    Q. [Inaudible]--not agree, would you withdraw this year?
    The President. Excuse me, I'm having trouble hearing John.
    Q. If he does not agree with you, would you withdraw from the ABM 
Treaty this year?
    The President. I have told Mr. Putin that the ABM Treaty is 
outdated, antiquated, and useless. And I hope that he will join us in a 
new strategic relationship.
    One more question, please. Thank you

Domestic Reaction

    Q. You talk about the general threat toward Americans. You know, the 
Internet is crowded with all sorts of rumor and gossip and, kind of, 
urban myths. And people ask us, what is it they're supposed to be on the 
lookout for? Other than the 22 most wanted terrorists, what are 
Americans supposed to look for and report to the police or to the FBI?
    The President. Well, Ann [Ann Compton, ABC News], you know, if you 
find a person that you've never seen before getting in a crop duster 
that doesn't belong to you--[laughter]--report it. [Laughter] If you see 
suspicious people lurking around petrochemical plants, report it to law 
    I mean, people need to be logical. Now, listen, I want to urge my 
fellow Americans not to use this as an opportunity to pick on somebody 
that doesn't look like you or doesn't share your religion. The thing 
that makes our Nation so strong and that will ultimately defeat 
terrorist activity is our willingness to tolerate people of different 
faiths, different opinions, different colors within the fabric of our 
    And so I would urge my fellow Americans, obviously, if they see 
something suspicious, abnormal, something that looks threatening, report 
it to local law enforcement.

America's Fund for Afghan Children

    Let me conclude by one final statement. Thank you all for coming. 
Before we leave, I want to make a special request to the children of 
America. I ask you to join in a special effort to help the children of 
Afghanistan. Their country has been through a great deal of war and 
suffering. Many children there are starving and are severely 
malnourished. One in three Afghan children is an orphan. Almost half 
suffer chronic malnutrition. And we can, and must, help them.
    We've created a special relief effort that will be supervised by the 
Red Cross. We are asking every child in America to earn or give a dollar 
that will be used to provide food and medical help for the children of 
Afghanistan. You can send your dollar in an envelope, marked America's 
Fund for Afghan Children, right here to the White House, 1600 
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, DC.
    This is an opportunity to help others, while teaching our own 
children a valuable lesson about service and character. I hope school 
classes or Boys and Girl Scout troops, other youth organizations will 
participate in any way to raise the money to send to the children. Wash 
your car. Do a yard for a neighbor. And I hope the adults will help 
them, as well.
    Ultimately, one of the best weapons, one of the truest weapons that 
we have against terrorism is to show the world the true strength of 
character and kindness of the American people. Americans are united in 
this fight against terrorism. We're also united in our concern for the 
innocent people of Afghanistan. Winter is coming, and by acting today we 
can help the children survive.
    Thank you for your questions. May God bless America.

Note: The President's news conference began at 8 p.m. in the East Room 
at the White House. In his remarks, he referred to Al Qaida spokesman 
Sulaiman Abu Ghaith; President Saddam Hussein of Iraq; Prime Minister 
Ariel Sharon of Israel; Chairman Yasser Arafat of the Palestinian 
Authority; Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom; Muhammad 
Zahir Shah, former King of Afghanistan; and President Vladimir Putin of 
Russia. The President also referred to the Report of the Sharm al-Sheikh 
Fact-Finding Committee, which was chaired by former Senator George J. 

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