In this subsection, the term "procuring agency" means—
(A) any Federal agency that is using Federal funds for procurement; or
(B) a person that is a party to a contract with any Federal agency, with respect to work performed under such a contract.
Except as provided in clause (ii) and subparagraph (B), after the date specified in applicable guidelines prepared pursuant to paragraph (3), each procuring agency shall—
(I) establish a procurement program, develop procurement specifications, and procure biobased products identified under the guidelines described in paragraph (3) in accordance with this section;
(II) with respect to items described in the guidelines, give a procurement preference to those items that—
(aa) are composed of the highest percentage of biobased products practicable; or
(bb) comply with the regulations issued under section 6914b–1 of title 42; and
(III) establish a targeted biobased-only procurement requirement under which the procuring agency shall issue a certain number of biobased-only contracts when the procuring agency is purchasing products, or purchasing services that include the use of products, that are included in a biobased product category designated by the Secretary.
The requirements of clause (i)(I) to establish a procurement program and develop procurement specifications shall not apply to a person described in paragraph (1)(B).
Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), a procuring agency may decide not to procure items described in that subparagraph if the procuring agency determines that the items—
(i) are not reasonably available within a reasonable period of time;
(ii) fail to meet—
(I) the performance standards set forth in the applicable specifications; or
(II) the reasonable performance standards of the procuring agencies; or
(iii) are available only at an unreasonable price.
Each procurement program required under this subsection shall, at a minimum—
(i) be consistent with applicable provisions of Federal procurement law;
(ii) ensure that items composed of biobased products will be purchased to the maximum extent practicable;
(iii) include a component to promote the procurement program;
(iv) provide for an annual review and monitoring of the effectiveness of the procurement program; and
(v) adopt 1 of the 2 polices described in subparagraph (D) or (E), or a policy substantially equivalent to either of those policies.
Subject to subparagraph (B) and except as provided in clause (ii), a procuring agency adopting the case-by-case policy shall award a contract to the vendor offering an item composed of the highest percentage of biobased products practicable.
Subject to subparagraph (B), an agency adopting the policy described in clause (i) may make an award to a vendor offering items with less than the maximum biobased products content.
Subject to subparagraph (B), a procuring agency adopting the minimum content standards policy shall establish minimum biobased products content specifications for awarding contracts in a manner that ensures that the biobased products content required is consistent with this subsection.
After the date specified in any applicable guidelines prepared pursuant to paragraph (3), contracting offices shall require that vendors certify that the biobased products to be used in the performance of the contract will comply with the applicable specifications or other contractual requirements.
The Secretary, after consultation with the Administrator, the Administrator of General Services, and the Secretary of Commerce (acting through the Director of the National Institute of Standards and Technology), shall prepare, and from time to time revise, guidelines for the use of procuring agencies in complying with the requirements of this subsection.
The guidelines under this paragraph shall—
(i) designate those items (including finished products) that are or can be produced with biobased products (including biobased products for which there is only a single product or manufacturer in the category) that will be subject to the preference described in paragraph (2);
(ii) designate those intermediate ingredients and feedstocks that are or can be used to produce items that will be subject to the preference described in paragraph (2);
(iii) automatically designate items composed of intermediate ingredients and feedstocks designated under clause (ii), if the content of the designated intermediate ingredients and feedstocks exceeds 50 percent of the item (unless the Secretary determines a different composition percentage is appropriate);
(iv) set forth recommended practices with respect to the procurement of biobased products and items containing such materials;
(v) require reporting of quantities and types of biobased products purchased by procuring agencies;
(vi) promote biobased products, including forest products, that apply an innovative approach to growing, harvesting, sourcing, procuring, processing, manufacturing, or application of biobased products regardless of the date of entry into the marketplace;
(vii) as determined to be necessary by the Secretary based on the availability of data, provide information as to the availability, relative price, performance, and environmental and public health benefits of such materials and items; and
(viii) take effect on the date established in the guidelines, which may not exceed 1 year after publication.
Information provided pursuant to subparagraph (B)(v) 1 with respect to a material or item shall be considered to be provided for another item made with the same material or item.
Guidelines issued under this paragraph may not require a manufacturer or vendor of biobased products, as a condition of the purchase of biobased products from the manufacturer or vendor, to provide to procuring agencies more data than would be required to be provided by other manufacturers or vendors offering products for sale to a procuring agency, other than data confirming the biobased content of a product.
The guidelines shall apply with respect to any purchase or acquisition of a procurement item for which—
(i) the purchase price of the item exceeds $10,000; or
(ii) the quantity of the items or of functionally-equivalent items purchased or acquired during the preceding fiscal year was at least $10,000.
Not later than 1 year after February 7, 2014, the Secretary shall begin to designate intermediate ingredients or feedstocks and assembled and finished biobased products in the guidelines issued under this paragraph.
The Office of Federal Procurement Policy, in cooperation with the Secretary, shall—
(i) coordinate the implementation of this subsection with other policies for Federal procurement;
(ii) annually collect the information required to be reported under subparagraph (B) and make the information publicly available;
(iii) take a leading role in informing Federal agencies concerning, and promoting the adoption of and compliance with, procurement requirements for biobased products by Federal agencies; and
(iv) not less than once every 2 years, submit to Congress a report that—
(I) describes the progress made in carrying out this subsection; and
(II) contains a summary of the information reported pursuant to subparagraph (B).
To assist the Office of Federal Procurement Policy in carrying out subparagraph (A)—
(i) each procuring agency shall submit each year to the Office of Federal Procurement Policy, to the maximum extent practicable, information concerning—
(I) actions taken to implement paragraph (2);
(II) the results of the annual review and monitoring program established under paragraph (2)(C)(iv);
(III) the number and dollar value of contracts entered into during the year that include the direct procurement of biobased products;
(IV) the number of service and construction (including renovations) contracts entered into during the year that include language on the use of biobased products; and
(V) the types and dollar value of biobased products actually used by contractors in carrying out service and construction (including renovations) contracts during the previous year; and
(ii) the General Services Administration and the Defense Logistics Agency shall submit each year to the Office of Federal Procurement Policy information concerning, to the maximum extent practicable, the types and dollar value of biobased products purchased by procuring agencies.
Any procurement by any Federal agency that is subject to regulations of the Administrator under section 6962 of title 42 shall not be subject to the requirements of this section to the extent that the requirements are inconsistent with the regulations.
The Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator, shall establish a voluntary program under which the Secretary authorizes producers of biobased products to use the label "USDA Certified Biobased Product".
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 and except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator and representatives from small and large businesses, academia, other Federal agencies, and such other persons as the Secretary considers appropriate, shall issue criteria (as of the date of enactment of that Act) for determining which products may qualify to receive the label under paragraph (1).
Clause (i) shall not apply to final criteria that have been issued (as of the date of enactment of that Act) by the Secretary.
Not later than 180 days after December 20, 2018, the Secretary shall update the criteria issued under clause (i) to provide criteria for determining which renewable chemicals may qualify to receive the label under paragraph (1).
Criteria issued under subparagraph (A) shall—
(i) encourage the purchase of products with the maximum biobased content;
(ii) provide that the Secretary may designate as biobased for the purposes of the voluntary program established under this subsection finished products that contain significant portions of biobased materials or components; and
(iii) to the maximum extent practicable, be consistent with the guidelines issued under subsection (a)(3).
The Secretary shall ensure that the label referred to in paragraph (1) is used only on products that meet the criteria issued pursuant to paragraph (2).
The Secretary may carry out such auditing and compliance activities as the Secretary determines to be necessary to ensure compliance with subparagraph (A).
Not later than 1 year after February 7, 2014, the Secretary shall begin issuing criteria for determining which assembled and finished products may qualify to receive the label under paragraph (1).
The Secretary shall—
(1) establish a program to recognize Federal agencies and private entities that use a substantial amount of biobased products; and
(2) encourage Federal agencies to establish incentives programs to recognize Federal employees or contractors that make exceptional contributions to the expanded use of biobased products.
Nothing in this section shall apply to the procurement of motor vehicle fuels, heating oil, or electricity.
Effective beginning on the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, the Architect of the Capitol, the Sergeant at Arms of the Senate, and the Chief Administrative Officer of the House of Representatives shall consider the biobased product designations made under this section in making procurement decisions for the Capitol Complex.
The Secretary and the Secretary of Commerce shall jointly develop North American Industry Classification System codes for—
(A) renewable chemicals manufacturers; and
(B) biobased products manufacturers.
The Secretary shall establish a national registry of testing centers for biobased products that will serve biobased product manufacturers.
In determining whether products are eligible for the "USDA Certified Biobased Product" label, the Secretary (acting through the Forest Products Laboratory) shall provide appropriate technical and other assistance to the program and applicants for forest products.
Not later than 1 year after December 20, 2018, the Secretary shall establish guidelines for an integrated process under which biobased products may be, in 1 expedited approval process—
(A) determined to be eligible for a Federal procurement preference under subsection (a); and
(B) approved to use the "USDA Certified Biobased Product" label under subsection (b).
The Secretary shall ensure that a review of a biobased product under the integrated qualification process established pursuant to paragraph (1) may be initiated on receipt of a recommendation or petition from a manufacturer, vendor, or other interested party.
The Secretary may issue a product designation pursuant to subsection (a)(3)(B), or approve the use of the "USDA Certified Biobased Product" label under subsection (b), through streamlined procedures, which shall not be subject to chapter 7 of title 5.
A procuring agency (as defined in subsection (a)(1)) shall not establish regulations, guidance, or criteria regarding the procurement of biobased products, pursuant to this section or any other law, that impose limitations on that procurement that are more restrictive than the limitations established by the Secretary under the regulations to implement this section.
Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 and each year thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the implementation of this section.
Each report under paragraph (1) shall include—
(A) a comprehensive management plan that establishes tasks, milestones, and timelines, organizational roles and responsibilities, and funding allocations for fully implementing this section;
(B) information on the status of implementation of—
(i) item designations (including designation of intermediate ingredients and feedstocks); and
(ii) the voluntary labeling program established under subsection (b); and
(C) the progress made by other Federal agencies in compliance with the biobased procurement requirements, including the quantity of purchases made.
The Secretary shall conduct a study to assess the economic impact of the biobased products industry, including—
(i) the quantity of biobased products sold;
(ii) the value of the biobased products;
(iii) the quantity of jobs created;
(iv) the quantity of petroleum displaced;
(v) other environmental benefits; and
(vi) areas in which the use or manufacturing of biobased products could be more effectively used, including identifying any technical and economic obstacles and recommending how those obstacles can be overcome.
Not later than 1 year after February 7, 2014, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report describing the results of the study conducted under subparagraph (A).
Of the funds of the Commodity Credit Corporation, the Secretary shall use to carry out this section $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2023.
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section $3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
In this section, the term "biobased product" (as defined in section 8101 of this title) includes, with respect to forestry materials, forest products that meet biobased content requirements, notwithstanding the market share the product holds, the age of the product, or whether the market for the product is new or emerging.
In carrying out this section, except as provided in subsection (g), the Secretary shall act through the rural development mission area.
(Pub. L. 107–171, title IX, §9002, as added Pub. L. 110–234, title IX, §9001(a), May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1305, and Pub. L. 110–246, §4(a), title IX, §9001(a), June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 2067; amended Pub. L. 112–240, title VII, §701(f)(1), Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2364; Pub. L. 113–79, title IX, §9002(a), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 926; Pub. L. 115–334, title IX, §9002, Dec. 20, 2018, 132 Stat. 4883.)
Subparagraph (B)(v) of subsection (a)(3) of this section, referred to in subsec. (a)(3)(C), was redesignated subparagraph (B)(vii) by Pub. L. 113–79, title IX, §9002(a)(1)(B)(i)(II), Feb. 7, 2014, 128 Stat. 927.
The date of the enactment of the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008, referred to in subsecs. (b)(2)(A), (e), and (j)(1), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–246, which was approved June 18, 2008.
Pub. L. 110–234 and Pub. L. 110–246 enacted identical sections. Pub. L. 110–234 was repealed by section 4(a) of Pub. L. 110–246.
A prior section 8102, Pub. L. 107–171, title IX, §9002, May 13, 2002, 116 Stat. 476; Pub. L. 109–58, title II, §205, title IX, §943(a)(2), (b), Aug. 8, 2005, 119 Stat. 654, 880, 881, related to Federal procurement of biobased products, prior to the general amendment of this chapter by Pub. L. 110–246.
2018—Subsec. (b)(2)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(1), added cl. (iii).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(2), amended subsec. (f) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: "The Secretary shall establish a national registry of testing centers for biobased products that will serve biobased product manufacturers."
Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(4), added subsecs. (h) and (i). Former subsecs. (h) and (i) redesignated (j) and (k), respectively.
Subsecs. (j), (k). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(3), redesignated subsecs. (h) and (i) as (j) and (k), respectively. Former subsec. (j) redesignated (l).
Subsec. (k)(1). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(5)(A), substituted "2023" for "2018".
Subsec. (k)(2). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(5)(B), substituted "$3,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2019 through 2023" for "$2,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2014 through 2018".
Subsec. (l). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(3), redesignated subsec. (j) as (l).
Subsec. (m). Pub. L. 115–334, §9002(6), added subsec. (m).
2014—Subsec. (a)(2)(A)(i)(III). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(1)(A), added subcl. (III).
Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(v). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(1)(B)(i)(III), added cl. (v). Former cl. (v) redesignated (vii).
Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(1)(B)(i)(I), inserted "as determined to be necessary by the Secretary based on the availability of data," before "provide information".
Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(vi). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(1)(B)(i)(III), added cl. (vi). Former cl. (vi) redesignated (viii).
Subsec. (a)(3)(B)(vii), (viii). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(1)(B)(i)(II), redesignated cls. (v) and (vi) as (vii) and (viii), respectively.
Subsec. (a)(3)(F). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(1)(B)(ii), added subpar. (F).
Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(2)(A), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted heading, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(2)(B), added par. (4).
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(5), added subsec. (g). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (h).
Subsec. (g)(2). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(3)(A)(i), substituted "Each report under paragraph (1)" for "The report" in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (g)(2)(C). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(3)(A)(ii)–(iv), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (g)(3). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(3)(B), added par. (3).
Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(4), redesignated subsecs. (g) and (h) as (h) and (i), respectively.
Subsec. (i)(1), (2). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(6), added pars. (1) and (2) and struck out former pars. (1) and (2) which related to mandatory funding for fiscal years 2008 through 2012 and discretionary funding for fiscal years 2009 through 2013, respectively.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 113–79, §9002(a)(7), added subsec. (j).
2013—Subsec. (h)(2). Pub. L. 112–240 substituted "2013" for "2012".
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–240 effective Sept. 30, 2012, see section 701(j) of Pub. L. 112–240, set out in a 1-Year Extension of Agricultural Programs note under section 8701 of this title.
Enactment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234 by Pub. L. 110–246 effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234, see section 4 of Pub. L. 110–246, set out as a note under section 8701 of this title.
Memorandum of President of the United States, Feb. 21, 2012, 77 F.R. 10939, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 13693, §16(b), Mar. 19, 2015, 80 F.R. 15880, provided:
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies
The BioPreferred program—established by the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–171) (2002 Farm Bill), and strengthened by the Food, Conservation[,] and Energy Act of 2008 (Public Law 110–234 [probably should refer to Public Law 110–246]) (2008 Farm Bill)—is intended to increase Federal procurement of biobased products to promote rural economic development, create new jobs, and provide new markets for farm commodities. Biobased and sustainable products help to increase our energy security and independence.
The Federal Government, with leadership from the Department of Agriculture (USDA), has made significant strides in implementing the BioPreferred program. It is one of the key elements in my efforts to promote sustainable acquisition throughout the Government under [former] Executive Order 13514 of October 5, 2009 (Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance). Further efforts will drive innovation and economic growth and create jobs at marginal cost to the American public.
The goal of this memorandum is to ensure that executive departments and agencies (agencies) effectively execute Federal procurement requirements for biobased products, including those requirements identified in [former] Executive Order 13514 and prescribed in the 2002 Farm Bill, as amended by the 2008 Farm Bill. It is vital that these efforts are in accord and carefully coordinated with other Federal procurement requirements.
Therefore, I direct that agencies take the following steps to significantly increase Federal procurement of biobased and other sustainable products.
(a) increase both the number of categories of biobased products designated and individual products eligible for preferred purchasing by 50 percent within 1 year of the date of this memorandum; and
(b) establish a web-based process whereby biobased product manufacturers can request USDA to establish a new product category for designation. The USDA shall determine the merit of the request and, if the product category is deemed eligible, propose designation within 180 days of the request.
(a) the Senior Sustainability Officers and Chief Acquisition Officers of all agencies to randomly sample procurement actions (such as solicitations and awards) to verify that biobased considerations are included as appropriate. Agencies shall include results of these sampling efforts in the Sustainability/Energy scorecard reported to OMB;
(b) the Secretary of Agriculture to work with relevant officials in agencies that have electronic product procurement catalogs to identify and implement solutions to increase the visibility of biobased and other sustainable products;
(c) the Senior Sustainability Officers of all agencies that have established agency-specific product specifications, in coordination with any other appropriate officials, to review and revise all specifications under their control to assure that, wherever possible and appropriate, such specifications require the use of sustainable products, including USDA-designated biobased products, and that any language prohibiting the use of biobased products is removed. The review shall be on a 4-year cycle. Significant review should be completed within 1 year of the date of this memorandum, and the results of the reviews shall be annually reported to OMB and the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP); and
(d) the Secretary of Agriculture to amend USDA's automated contract writing system, the Integrated Acquisition System, to serve as a model for biobased product procurement throughout the Federal Government by adding elements related to acquisition planning, evaluation factors for source selection, and specifications and requirements. Once completed, USDA shall share the model with all agencies and, as appropriate, assist any agency efforts to adopt similar mechanisms.
(a) the Secretary of Commerce, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, to use relevant programs of the Department, such as the Manufacturing Extension Partnership network, to improve the performance and competitiveness of biobased product manufacturers;
(b) the Secretary of Agriculture to work cooperatively with Procurement Technical Assistance Center programs located across the Nation to provide training and assistance to biobased product companies to make these companies aware of the BioPreferred program and opportunities to sell biobased products to Federal, State, and local government agencies; and
(c) the Secretary of Agriculture to develop training within 6 months of the date of this memorandum for small businesses on the BioPreferred program and the opportunities it presents, and the Administrator of the Small Business Administration (SBA) to disseminate that training to Small Business Development Centers and feature it on the SBA website.
(a) within 1 year of the date of this memorandum, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council shall propose an amendment to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to require reporting of biobased product purchases, to be made public on an annual basis; and
(b) following the promulgation of the proposed amendment referenced in subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary of Agriculture, in consultation with the Chief Acquisition Officers Council, shall develop a reporting template to facilitate the annual reporting requirement.
(a) the number of American jobs originating from the biobased product industry annually over the last 10 years, including the job changes in specific sectors;
(b) the dollar value of the current domestic biobased products industry, including intermediates, feedstocks, and finished products, but excluding biofuels;
(c) a forecast for biobased job creation potential over the next 10 years;
(d) a forecast for growth in the biobased industry over the next 10 years; and
(e) jobs data for both biofuels and biobased products, but shall generate separate data for each category.
(a) the Secretary of Agriculture to update all existing USDA BioPreferred and related sustainable acquisition training materials within 1 year of the date of this memorandum;
(b) the Senior Sustainability Officers and Chief Acquisition Officers of agencies to work cooperatively with the Secretary of Agriculture to immediately implement such BioPreferred program agency education and outreach programs as are necessary to meet the requirements of this memorandum and relevant statutes; and
(c) the Secretary of Agriculture to work actively with the Committee for Purchase From People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled to promote education and outreach to program, technical, and contracting personnel, and to purchase card holders on BioPreferred AbilityOne products.
(b) The head of an agency shall manage activities, personnel, resources, and facilities of the agency that are not located within the United States, and with respect to which the head of the agency has not made a determination under subsection (a) of this section, in a manner consistent with the policies set forth in this memorandum, to the extent the head of the agency determines practicable.
(c) For purposes of this memorandum, "biobased product" shall have the meaning set forth in section 8101(4) of title 7, United States Code.
(d) This memorandum is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
(e) The Secretary of Agriculture is hereby authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.
1 See References in Text note below.