10 U.S.C.
United States Code, 2020 Edition
Title 10 - ARMED FORCES
Subtitle A - General Military Law
PART IV - SERVICE, SUPPLY, AND PROCUREMENT
CHAPTER 140 - PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND COMMERCIAL SERVICES
Sec. 2380 - Commercial product and commercial service determinations by Department of Defense
From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov

§2380. Commercial product and commercial service determinations by Department of Defense

(a) In General.—The Secretary of Defense shall—

(1) establish and maintain a centralized capability with necessary expertise and resources to provide assistance to the military departments and Defense Agencies in making commercial product and commercial service determinations, conducting market research, and performing analysis of price reasonableness for the purposes of procurements by the Department of Defense; and

(2) provide to officials of the Department of Defense access to previous Department of Defense commercial product and commercial service determinations, market research, and analysis used to determine the reasonableness of price for the purposes of procurements by the Department of Defense.


(b) Determinations Regarding the Commercial Nature of Products or Services.—

(1) In general.—In making a determination whether a particular product or service offered by a contractor meets the definition of a commercial product or commercial service, a contracting officer of the Department of Defense may—

(A) request support from the Director of the Defense Contract Management Agency, the Director of the Defense Contract Audit Agency, or other appropriate experts in the Department to make a determination whether a product or service is a commercial product or commercial service; and

(B) consider the views of appropriate public and private sector entities.


(2) Memorandum.—Within 30 days after a contract award, the contracting officer shall, consistent with the policies and regulations of the Department, submit a written memorandum summarizing the determination referred to in paragraph (1), including a detailed justification for such determination.


(c) Items Previously Acquired Using Commercial Acquisition Procedures.—

(1) Determinations.—A contract for a product or service acquired using commercial acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall serve as a prior commercial product or service determination with respect to such product or service for purposes of this chapter unless the senior procurement executive of the military department or the Department of Defense as designated for purposes of section 1702(c) of title 41 determines in writing that it is no longer appropriate to acquire the product or service using commercial acquisition procedures.

(2) Limitation.—(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B), funds appropriated or otherwise made available to the Department of Defense may not be used for the procurement under part 15 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation of a product or service that was previously acquired under a contract using commercial acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation.

(B) The limitation under subparagraph (A) does not apply to the procurement of a product or service that was previously acquired using commercial acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation following—

(i) a written determination by the head of contracting activity pursuant to section 2306a(b)(4)(B) of this title that the use of such procedures was improper; or

(ii) a written determination by the senior procurement executive of the military department or the Department of Defense as designated for purposes of section 1702(c) of title 41 that it is no longer appropriate to acquire the product or service using such procedures.

(Added Pub. L. 114–92, div. A, title VIII, §851(a)(1), Nov. 25, 2015, 129 Stat. 916; amended Pub. L. 114–328, div. A, title VIII, §873, Dec. 23, 2016, 130 Stat. 2307; Pub. L. 115–91, div. A, title VIII, §848, Dec. 12, 2017, 131 Stat. 1487; Pub. L. 115–232, div. A, title VIII, §836(d)(5), (8)(E), Aug. 13, 2018, 132 Stat. 1868, 1869; Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title VIII, §816, title XVIII, §1831(j)(5), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 3750, 4217.)

Renumbering of Section

Pub. L. 116–283, div. A, title XVIII, §§1801(d), 1821(a)(2), Jan. 1, 2021, 134 Stat. 4151, 4195, provided that, effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, this section, as part of chapter 247 of this title as transferred and redesignated by section 1821(a)(1) of Pub. L. 116–283, is redesignated as section 3456 of this title. See Effective Date of 2021 Amendment note below.

Amendments

2021—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 116–283, §816(2), added subsec. (b). Former subsec. (b) redesignated (c).

Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 116–283, §816(1), redesignated subsec. (b) as (c).

Subsec. (c)(2)(B)(i). Pub. L. 116–283, §1831(j)(5), which directed amendment of section "2380(b)(2)(B)(i)" of this title, effective Jan. 1, 2022, by substituting "section 3703(d)(2)" for "section 2306a(b)(4)(B)", could not be executed in subsec. (b)(2)(B)(i) because "section 2306a(b)(4)(B)" did not appear after the redesignation of subsec. (b) of this section as subsec. (c) by Pub. L. 116–283, §816(1), and also could not be executed in subsec. (c)(2)(B)(i) to reflect the probable intent of Congress, due to the intervening amendment by section 1821(a)(2) of Pub. L. 116–283, which renumbered this section as section 3456 of this title, effective Jan. 1, 2022.

2018—Pub. L. 115–232, §836(d)(8)(E), substituted "Commercial product and commercial service" for "Commercial item" in section catchline.

Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 115–232, §836(d)(5)(A), substituted "commercial product and commercial service determinations" for "commercial item determinations" in pars. (1) and (2).

Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 115–232, §836(d)(5)(B)(i)–(iii), in heading, struck out "Item" after "Commercial" and, in text, substituted "a product or service" for "an item" and struck out "item" after "using commercial" wherever appearing.

Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 115–232, §836(d)(5)(B)(iv)–(vi) substituted "prior commercial product or service determination" for "prior commercial item determination", "such product or service" for "such item", and "the product or service" for "the item".

Subsec. (b)(2)(B)(ii). Pub. L. 115–232, §836(d)(5)(B)(vi), substituted "the product or service" for "the item".

2017—Pub. L. 115–91 designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted heading, and added subsec. (b).

2016—Pars. (1), (2). Pub. L. 114–328 amended pars. (1) and (2) generally. Prior to amendment, pars. (1) and (2) read as follows:

"(1) establish and maintain a centralized capability with necessary expertise and resources to oversee the making of commercial item determinations for the purposes of procurements by the Department of Defense; and

"(2) provide public access to Department of Defense commercial item determinations for the purposes of procurements by the Department of Defense."

Effective Date of 2021 Amendment

Amendment by sections 1821(a)(2) and 1831(j)(5) of Pub. L. 116–283 effective Jan. 1, 2022, with additional provisions for delayed implementation and applicability of existing law, see section 1801(d) of Pub. L. 116–283, set out as a note preceding section 3001 of this title.

Effective Date of 2018 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 115–232 effective Jan. 1, 2020, subject to a savings provision, see section 836(h) of Pub. L. 115–232, set out as an Effective Date of 2018 Amendment; Savings Provision note under section 453b of Title 6, Domestic Security.