In order to meet the rapidly expanding demands for water throughout the Nation, it is hereby declared to be the policy of the Congress to encourage the conservation, development, and utilization of water and related land resources of the United States on a comprehensive and coordinated basis by the Federal Government, States, localities, and private enterprise with the cooperation of all affected Federal agencies, States, local governments, individuals, corporations, business enterprises, and others concerned.
(Pub. L. 89–80, §2, July 22, 1965, 79 Stat. 244.)
Pub. L. 93–251, title I, §109, Mar. 16, 1974, 88 Stat. 49, provided that: "This title [enacting sections 1962d–5c and 1962d–15 to 1962d–17 of this title, section 460ee of Title 16, Conservation, and sections 50c–2, 50k, 579, 701b–11, and 1252a of Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters, amending section 4482 of this title, sections 460l–13(a), (a)(3) and 460l–14(b)(1) of Title 16, section 275a of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse, and sections 701g, 701n, 701r, 701r–1(c), 701s, 709a(b), and 1165a(d) of Title 33, and enacting provisions set out as notes under sections 1962d–5 and 1962d–7 of this title and section 460l–13 of Title 16] may be cited as the 'Water Resources Development Act of 1974'."
Pub. L. 89–80, §1, July 22, 1965, 79 Stat. 244, provided that: "This Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the 'Water Resources Planning Act'."
Pub. L. 109–448, Dec. 22, 2006, 120 Stat. 3328, provided that:
"This Act may be cited as the 'United States-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Act'.
"The purpose of this Act is to direct the Secretary of the Interior to establish a United States-Mexico transboundary aquifer assessment program to systematically assess priority transboundary aquifers.
"In this Act:
"(2) IBWC.—The term 'IBWC' means the International Boundary and Water Commission, an agency of the Department of State.
"(A) that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians; and
"(B) the reservation of which includes a transboundary aquifer within the exterior boundaries of the reservation.
"(A) the Junta Municipal de Agua y Saneamiento de Ciudad Juarez;
"(B) the El Paso Water Utilities Public Service Board; and
"(C) the Lower Rio Grande Water Users Organization.
"(1) develop and implement an integrated scientific approach to identify and assess priority transboundary aquifers, including—
"(A) for purposes of subsection (c)(2), specifying priority transboundary aquifers for further analysis by assessing—
"(i) the proximity of a proposed priority transboundary aquifer to areas of high population density;
"(ii) the extent to which a proposed priority transboundary aquifer would be used;
"(iii) the susceptibility of a proposed priority transboundary aquifer to contamination; and
"(iv) any other relevant criteria;
"(B) evaluating all available data and publications as part of the development of study plans for each priority transboundary aquifer;
"(C) creating a new, or enhancing an existing, geographic information system database to characterize the spatial and temporal aspects of each priority transboundary aquifer; and
"(D) using field studies, including support for and expansion of ongoing monitoring and metering efforts, to develop—
"(i) the additional data necessary to adequately define aquifer characteristics; and
"(ii) scientifically sound groundwater flow models to assist with State and local water management and administration, including modeling of relevant groundwater and surface water interactions;
"(2) consider the expansion or modification of existing agreements, as appropriate, between the United States Geological Survey, the Participating States, the water resources research institutes, and appropriate authorities in the United States and Mexico, to—
"(A) conduct joint scientific investigations;
"(B) archive and share relevant data; and
"(C) carry out any other activities consistent with the program; and
"(3) produce scientific products for each priority transboundary aquifer that—
"(A) are capable of being broadly distributed; and
"(B) provide the scientific information needed by water managers and natural resource agencies on both sides of the United States-Mexico border to effectively accomplish the missions of the managers and agencies.
"(A) the Hueco Bolson and Mesilla aquifers underlying parts of Texas, New Mexico, and Mexico;
"(B) the Santa Cruz River Valley aquifers underlying Arizona and Sonora, Mexico; and
"(C) the San Pedro aquifers underlying Arizona and Sonora, Mexico.
"(1) the appropriate water resource agencies in the Participating States;
"(2) any affected Indian tribes;
"(3) any other appropriate entities that are conducting monitoring and metering activity with respect to a priority transboundary aquifer; and
"(4) the IBWC, as appropriate.
"(A) integrate existing data collection and analyses conducted with respect to the priority transboundary aquifer;
"(B) if applicable, improve and strengthen existing groundwater flow models developed for the priority transboundary aquifer; and
"(C) be consistent with appropriate State guidelines and goals.
"(1) the jurisdiction or responsibility of a Participating State with respect to managing surface or groundwater resources in the Participating State;
"(2) the water rights of any person or entity using water from a transboundary aquifer; or
"(3) State water law, or an interstate compact or international treaty governing water.
"Not later than 5 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 2006], and on completion of the program in fiscal year 2016, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate water resource agency in the Participating States, an interim and final report, respectively, that describes—
"(1) any activities carried out under the program;
"(2) any conclusions of the Secretary relating to the status of priority transboundary aquifers; and
"(3) the level of participation in the program of entities in Mexico.
"The authority of the Secretary to carry out any provisions of this Act shall terminate 10 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 2006]."
Provisions exempting watershed projects under the Watershed Protection and Flood Prevention Act, Aug. 4, 1954, ch. 656, 68 Stat. 666, which is classified generally to chapter 18 (§1001 et seq.) of Title 16, Conservation, from the requirements of Executive Orders 12113 and 12141, formerly set out below, were contained in the following appropriation acts:
Pub. L. 97–370, title VI, §619, Dec. 18, 1982, 96 Stat. 1811.
Pub. L. 97–103, title VI, §619, Dec. 23, 1981, 95 Stat. 1490.
Pub. L. 96–528, title VI, §622, Dec. 15, 1980, 94 Stat. 3118.
Ex. Ord. No. 12113, Jan. 4, 1979, 44 F.R. 1955, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 12141, June 5, 1979, 44 F.R. 32635, which provided for independent review of Federal water resources programs and projects by the Water Resources Council, was revoked by section 4 of Ex. Ord. No. 12322, Sept. 17, 1981, 46 F.R. 46561, set out below.
Ex. Ord. No. 12322, Sept. 17, 1981, 46 F.R. 46561, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 12608, Sept. 9, 1987, 52 F.R. 34617, provided:
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, and in order to ensure efficient and coordinated planning and review of water resources programs and projects, it is hereby ordered as follows:
(a) the policy and programs of the President;
(b) the Economic and Environmental Principles and Guidelines for Water and Related Land Resources Implementation Studies or other such planning guidelines for water and related land resources planning, as shall hereafter be issued; and
(c) other applicable laws, regulations, and requirements relevant to the planning process.