United States Code, 2018 Edition
Title 46 - SHIPPING
Subtitle VII - Security and Drug Enforcement
CHAPTER 701 - PORT SECURITY
SUBCHAPTER I - GENERAL
Sec. 70108 - Foreign port assessment
From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov
§70108. Foreign port assessment
(a) In General.—The Secretary shall assess the effectiveness of the antiterrorism measures maintained at—
(1) a foreign port—
(A) served by vessels documented under chapter 121 of this title; or
(B) from which foreign vessels depart on a voyage to the United States; and
(2) any other foreign port the Secretary believes poses a security risk to international maritime commerce.
(b) Procedures.—In conducting an assessment under subsection (a), the Secretary shall assess the effectiveness of—
(1) screening of containerized and other cargo and baggage;
(2) security measures to restrict access to cargo, vessels, and dockside property to authorized personnel only;
(3) additional security on board vessels;
(4) licensing or certification of compliance with appropriate security standards;
(5) the security management program of the foreign port; and
(6) other appropriate measures to deter terrorism against the United States.
(c) Consultation.—In carrying out this section, the Secretary shall consult with—
(1) the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State—
(A) on the terrorist threat that exists in each country involved; and
(B) to identify foreign ports that pose a high risk of introducing terrorism to international maritime commerce;
(2) appropriate authorities of foreign governments; and
(3) operators of vessels.
(d) Periodic Reassessment.—The Secretary, acting through the Commandant of the Coast Guard, shall reassess the effectiveness of antiterrorism measures maintained at ports as described under subsection (a) and of procedures described in subsection (b) not less than once every 3 years.
(e) Limitation on Statutory Construction.—The absence of an inspection of a foreign port shall not bar the Secretary from making a finding that a port in a foreign country does not maintain effective antiterrorism measures.
(f) Recognition of Assessment Conducted by Other Entities.—
(1) Certification and treatment of assessments.—For the purposes of this section and section 70109, the Secretary may treat an assessment that a foreign government (including, for the purposes of this subsection, an entity of or operating under the auspices of the European Union) or international organization has conducted as an assessment that the Secretary has conducted for the purposes of subsection (a), provided that the Secretary certifies that the foreign government or international organization has—
(A) conducted the assessment in accordance with subsection (b); and
(B) provided the Secretary with sufficient information pertaining to its assessment (including, but not limited to, information on the outcome of the assessment).
(2) Authorization to enter into an agreement.—For the purposes of this section and section 70109, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of State, may enter into an agreement with a foreign government (including, for the purposes of this subsection, an entity of or operating under the auspices of the European Union) or international organization, under which parties to the agreement—
(A) conduct an assessment, required under subsection (a);
(B) share information pertaining to such assessment (including, but not limited to, information on the outcome of the assessment); or
(3) Limitations.—Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to—
(A) require the Secretary to recognize an assessment that a foreign government or an international organization has conducted; or
(B) limit the discretion or ability of the Secretary to conduct an assessment under this section.
(4) Notification to congress.—Not later than 30 days before entering into an agreement or arrangement with a foreign government under paragraph (2), the Secretary shall notify the Committee on Homeland Security and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate of the proposed terms of such agreement or arrangement.
(Added Pub. L. 107–295, title I, §102(a), Nov. 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2079; amended Pub. L. 109–347, title II, §234, Oct. 13, 2006, 120 Stat. 1918; Pub. L. 111–281, title VIII, §806(a)(1), (c)(2)(B), Oct. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 2992, 2993; Pub. L. 114–120, title III, §317, Feb. 8, 2016, 130 Stat. 62.)
2016—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 114–120 added subsec. (f).
2010—Subsec. (c)(2) to (4). Pub. L. 111–281, §806(c)(2)(B), redesignated pars. (3) and (4) as (2) and (3), respectively, and struck out former par. (2) which read as follows: "the Secretary of the Treasury;".
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 111–281, §806(a)(1), added subsec. (e).
2006—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 109–347 added subsec. (d).