(1) To build the capacity of a foreign country's national military forces in order for that country to—
(A) conduct counterterrorism operations; or
(B) participate in or support on-going allied or coalition military or stability operations that benefit the national security interests of the United States.
(2) To build the capacity of a foreign country's national maritime or border security forces to conduct counterterrorism operations.
(3) To build the capacity of a foreign country's national-level security forces that have among their functional responsibilities a counterterrorism mission in order for such forces to conduct counterterrorism operations.
(A) Observance of and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms.
(B) Respect for civilian control of the military.
(A) The country whose capacity to engage in activities in subsection (a) will be built under the program.
(B) The budget, implementation timeline with milestones, anticipated delivery schedule for assistance, military department responsible for management and associated program executive office, and completion date for the program.
(C) The source and planned expenditure of funds to complete the program.
(D) A description of the arrangements, if any, for the sustainment of the program and the source of funds to support sustainment of the capabilities and performance outcomes achieved under the program beyond its completion date, if applicable.
(E) A description of the program objectives and assessment framework to be used to develop capability and performance metrics associated with operational outcomes for the recipient unit.
(F) Information, including the amount, type, and purpose, on the assistance provided the country during the three preceding fiscal years under each of the following programs, accounts, or activities:
(i) A program under this section.
(ii) The Foreign Military Financing program under the Arms Export Control Act.
(iii) Peacekeeping Operations.
(iv) The International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement (INCLE) program under section 481 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2291).
(v) Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining, and Related Programs (NADR).
(vi) Counterdrug activities authorized by section 1004 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (10 U.S.C. 374 note) and section 1033 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998.
(vii) Any other significant program, account, or activity for the provision of security assistance that the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State consider appropriate.
(G) An assessment of the capacity of the recipient country to absorb assistance under the program.
(H) An assessment of the manner in which the program fits into the theater security cooperation strategy of the applicable geographic combatant command.
(1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
(2) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
(Added Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XII, §1205(a)(1), Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3533.)
The Arms Export Control Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(F)(ii), is Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1320, which is classified principally to chapter 39 (§2751 et seq.) of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of Title 22 and Tables.
Section 1033 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1998, referred to in subsec. (e)(1)(F)(vi), is section 1033 of Pub. L. 105–85, title X, Nov. 18, 1997, 111 Stat. 1881, which is not classified to the Code.
A prior section 2282, added Pub. L. 106–398, §1 [[div. A], title I, §131(a)(1)], Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1654, 1654A–28; amended Pub. L. 108–136, div. A, title X, §1031(a)(14), Nov. 24, 2003, 117 Stat. 1597, related to annual report on the B–2 bomber aircraft, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 112–81, div. A, title X, §1061(13)(A), Dec. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 1583.
Pub. L. 113–291, div. A, title XII, §1206, Dec. 19, 2014, 128 Stat. 3538, provided that:
"(1) such training is conducted in the country of origin of the security forces;
"(2) such training is withheld from any individual of a unit when there is credible information that such individual has committed a gross violation of human rights or has commanded a unit that has committed a gross violation of human rights;
"(3) such training may be considered a corrective step, but is not sufficient for meeting the accountability requirement under the exception established in subsection (b) of section 2249e of title 10, United States Code (as added by section 1204(a) of this Act); and
"(4) reasonable efforts have been made to assist the foreign country to take all necessary corrective steps regarding a gross violation of human rights with respect to the unit, including using funds authorized by this Act [see Tables for classification] to provide technical assistance or other types of support for accountability.
"(1) The term 'appropriate committees of Congress' means—
"(A) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
"(B) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.
"(2) The term 'human rights training' means training for the purpose of directly improving the conduct of foreign security forces to—
"(A) prevent gross violations of human rights and support accountability for such violations;
"(B) strengthen compliance with the laws of armed conflict and respect for civilian control over the military;
"(C) promote and assist in the establishment of a military justice system and other mechanisms for accountability; and
"(D) prevent the use of child soldiers.