No person shall be engaged in or carry on any trade or business subject to tax under this subchapter until he has paid the special tax therefor.
All special taxes under this subchapter shall be imposed as of on the first day of July in each year, or on commencing any trade or business on which such tax is imposed. In the former case the tax shall be reckoned for 1 year, and in the latter case it shall be reckoned proportionately, from the first day of the month in which the liability to a special tax commenced, to and including the 30th day of June following.
The special taxes imposed by this subchapter shall be paid on the basis of a return under such regulations as the Secretary shall prescribe.
After receiving a properly executed return and remittance of any special tax imposed by this subchapter, the Secretary shall issue to the taxpayer an appropriate stamp as a receipt denoting payment of the tax. This paragraph shall not apply in the case of a return covering liability for a past period.
(Added Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §201, Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1346, §5142; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §1905(a)(12), Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1820; renumbered §5732 and amended Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, §11125(b)(20)(A), (B), Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1956; Pub. L. 110–172, §11(a)(32), Dec. 29, 2007, 121 Stat. 2487.)
A prior section 5732, acts Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 714; Sept. 2, 1958, Pub. L. 85–859, title II, §202, 72 Stat. 1423, required that a dealer in tobacco materials make a statement of shipments and deliveries or give an inventory upon demand, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 89–44, title V, §502(b)(7), title VII, §701(d), June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 151, 157, applicable on and after Jan. 1, 1966.
2007—Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 110–172, which directed amendment of section 5732 of this title, as redesignated by Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(20)(A), by substituting "this subchapter" for "this subpart" in subsec. (c)(2) effective Dec. 29, 2007, was executed to this section to reflect the probable intent of Congress even though the redesignation of section 5142 of this title as this section was not effective until July 1, 2008. See 2005 Amendment and Effective Date of 2005 Amendment notes below.
2005—Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(20)(A), renumbered section 5142 of this title as this section and transferred section to this subchapter.
Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(20)(B), struck out "(except the tax imposed by section 5131)" before "until he has paid" in subsec. (a) and before "shall be imposed" in subsec. (b).
Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(20)(A), substituted "this subchapter" for "this part".
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 109–59, §11125(b)(20)(A), substituted "this subchapter" for "this part".
1976—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–455 substituted provisions under which the special taxes would be paid on the basis of a return for provisions under which the special taxes were paid by stamps denoting the tax.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–59 effective July 1, 2008, but inapplicable to taxes imposed for periods before such date, see section 11125(c) of Pub. L. 109–59, set out as a note under section 5002 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455 effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1905(d) of Pub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 5005 of this title.