The purpose of this part is to provide opportunities for communities to establish or expand activities in community learning centers that—
(1) provide opportunities for academic enrichment, including providing tutorial services to help students, particularly students who attend low-performing schools, to meet State and local student academic achievement standards in core academic subjects, such as reading and mathematics;
(2) offer students a broad array of additional services, programs, and activities, such as youth development activities, drug and violence prevention programs, counseling programs, art, music, and recreation programs, technology education programs, and character education programs, that are designed to reinforce and complement the regular academic program of participating students; and
(3) offer families of students served by community learning centers opportunities for literacy and related educational development.
In this part:
The term “community learning center” means an entity that—
(A) assists students in meeting State and local academic achievement standards in core academic subjects, such as reading and mathematics, by providing the students with opportunities for academic enrichment activities and a broad array of other activities (such as drug and violence prevention, counseling, art, music, recreation, technology, and character education programs) during nonschool hours or periods when school is not in session (such as before and after school or during summer recess) that reinforce and complement the regular academic programs of the schools attended by the students served; and
(B) offers families of students served by such center opportunities for literacy and related educational development.
The term “covered program” means a program for which—
(A) the Secretary made a grant under part I of title X (as such part was in effect on the day before January 8, 2002); and
(B) the grant period had not ended on January 8, 2002.
The term “eligible entity” means a local educational agency, community-based organization, another public or private entity, or a consortium of two or more of such agencies, organizations, or entities.
The term “State” means each of the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
(Pub. L. 89–10, title IV, §4201, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title IV, §401, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1765.)
Part I of title X (as such part was in effect on the day before January 8, 2002), referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(A), means part I of title X of Pub. L. 89–10, as added by Pub. L. 103–382, title I, §101, Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3844, which was classified generally to part I (§8241 et seq.) of subchapter X of this chapter, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 107–110, title X, §1011(5)(A), Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1986.
From the funds appropriated under section 7176 of this title for any fiscal year, the Secretary shall reserve—
(1) such amount as may be necessary to make continuation awards to grant recipients under covered programs (under the terms of those grants);
(2) not more than 1 percent for national activities, which the Secretary may carry out directly or through grants and contracts, such as providing technical assistance to eligible entities carrying out programs under this part or conducting a national evaluation; and
(3) not more than 1 percent for payments to the outlying areas and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, to be allotted in accordance with their respective needs for assistance under this part, as determined by the Secretary, to enable the outlying areas and the Bureau to carry out the purpose of this part.
From the funds appropriated under section 7176 of this title for any fiscal year and remaining after the Secretary makes reservations under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall allot to each State for the fiscal year an amount that bears the same relationship to the remainder as the amount the State received under subpart 2 of part A of subchapter I of this chapter for the preceding fiscal year bears to the amount all States received under that subpart for the preceding fiscal year, except that no State shall receive less than an amount equal to one-half of 1 percent of the total amount made available to all States under this subsection.
If a State does not receive an allotment under this part for a fiscal year, the Secretary shall reallot the amount of the State's allotment to the remaining States in accordance with this section.
Each State that receives an allotment under this part shall reserve not less than 95 percent of the amount allotted to such State under subsection (b) of this section, for each fiscal year for awards to eligible entities under section 7174 of this title.
A State educational agency may use not more than 2 percent of the amount made available to the State under subsection (b) of this section for—
(A) the administrative costs of carrying out its responsibilities under this part;
(B) establishing and implementing a peer review process for grant applications described in section 7174(b) of this title (including consultation with the Governor and other State agencies responsible for administering youth development programs and adult learning activities); and
(C) 1 supervising the awarding of funds to eligible entities (in consultation with the Governor and other State agencies responsible for administering youth development programs and adult learning activities).
A State educational agency may use not more than 3 percent of the amount made available to the State under subsection (b) of this section for the following activities:
(A) Monitoring and evaluation of programs and activities assisted under this part.
(B) Providing capacity building, training, and technical assistance under this part.
(C) Comprehensive evaluation (directly, or through a grant or contract) of the effectiveness of programs and activities assisted under this part.
(D) Providing training and technical assistance to eligible entities who are applicants for or recipients of awards under this part.
(Pub. L. 89–10, title IV, §4202, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title IV, §401, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1766.)
1 Subparagraph designation editorially supplied.
In order to receive an allotment under section 7172 of this title for any fiscal year, a State shall submit to the Secretary, at such time as the Secretary may require, an application that—
(1) designates the State educational agency as the agency responsible for the administration and supervision of programs assisted under this part;
(2) describes how the State educational agency will use funds received under this part, including funds reserved for State-level activities;
(3) contains an assurance that the State educational agency will make awards under this part only to eligible entities that propose to serve—
(A) students who primarily attend—
(i) schools eligible for schoolwide programs under section 6314 of this title; or
(ii) schools that serve a high percentage of students from low-income families; and
(B) the families of students described in subparagraph (A);
(4) describes the procedures and criteria the State educational agency will use for reviewing applications and awarding funds to eligible entities on a competitive basis, which shall include procedures and criteria that take into consideration the likelihood that a proposed community learning center will help participating students meet local content and student academic achievement standards;
(5) describes how the State educational agency will ensure that awards made under this part are—
(A) of sufficient size and scope to support high-quality, effective programs that are consistent with the purpose of this part; and
(B) in amounts that are consistent with section 7174(h) of this title;
(6) describes the steps the State educational agency will take to ensure that programs implement effective strategies, including providing ongoing technical assistance and training, evaluation, and dissemination of promising practices;
(7) describes how programs under this part will be coordinated with programs under this chapter, and other programs as appropriate;
(8) contains an assurance that the State educational agency—
(A) will make awards for programs for a period of not less than 3 years and not more than 5 years; and
(B) will require each eligible entity seeking such an award to submit a plan describing how the community learning center to be funded through the award will continue after funding under this part ends;
(9) contains an assurance that funds appropriated to carry out this part will be used to supplement, and not supplant, other Federal, State, and local public funds expended to provide programs and activities authorized under this part and other similar programs;
(10) contains an assurance that the State educational agency will require eligible entities to describe in their applications under section 7174(b) of this title how the transportation needs of participating students will be addressed;
(11) provides an assurance that the application was developed in consultation and coordination with appropriate State officials, including the chief State school officer, and other State agencies administering before and after school (or summer school) programs, the heads of the State health and mental health agencies or their designees, and representatives of teachers, parents, students, the business community, and community-based organizations;
(12) describes the results of the State's needs and resources assessment for before and after school activities, which shall be based on the results of on-going State evaluation activities;
(13) describes how the State educational agency will evaluate the effectiveness of programs and activities carried out under this part, which shall include, at a minimum—
(A) a description of the performance indicators and performance measures that will be used to evaluate programs and activities; and
(B) public dissemination of the evaluations of programs and activities carried out under this part; and
(14) provides for timely public notice of intent to file an application and an assurance that the application will be available for public review after submission.
An application submitted by a State educational agency pursuant to subsection (a) of this section shall be deemed to be approved by the Secretary unless the Secretary makes a written determination, prior to the expiration of the 120-day period beginning on the date on which the Secretary received the application, that the application is not in compliance with this part.
The Secretary shall not finally disapprove the application, except after giving the State educational agency notice and opportunity for a hearing.
If the Secretary finds that the application is not in compliance, in whole or in part, with this part, the Secretary shall—
(1) give the State educational agency notice and an opportunity for a hearing; and
(2) notify the State educational agency of the finding of noncompliance, and, in such notification, shall—
(A) cite the specific provisions in the application that are not in compliance; and
(B) request additional information, only as to the noncompliant provisions, needed to make the application compliant.
If the State educational agency responds to the Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) of this section during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the agency received the notification, and resubmits the application with the requested information described in subsection (d)(2)(B) of this section, the Secretary shall approve or disapprove such application prior to the later of—
(1) the expiration of the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the application is resubmitted; or
(2) the expiration of the 120-day period described in subsection (b) of this section.
If the State educational agency does not respond to the Secretary's notification described in subsection (d)(2) of this section during the 45-day period beginning on the date on which the agency received the notification, such application shall be deemed to be disapproved.
(Pub. L. 89–10, title IV, §4203, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title IV, §401, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1767.)
A State that receives funds under this part for a fiscal year shall provide the amount made available under section 7172(c)(1) of this title to eligible entities for community learning centers in accordance with this part.
To be eligible to receive an award under this part, an eligible entity shall submit an application to the State educational agency at such time, in such manner, and including such information as the State educational agency may reasonably require.
Each application submitted under paragraph (1) shall include—
(A) a description of the before and after school or summer recess activities to be funded, including—
(i) an assurance that the program will take place in a safe and easily accessible facility;
(ii) a description of how students participating in the program carried out by the community learning center will travel safely to and from the center and home; and
(iii) a description of how the eligible entity will disseminate information about the community learning center (including its location) to the community in a manner that is understandable and accessible;
(B) a description of how the activity is expected to improve student academic achievement;
(C) an identification of Federal, State, and local programs that will be combined or coordinated with the proposed program to make the most effective use of public resources;
(D) an assurance that the proposed program was developed, and will be carried out, in active collaboration with the schools the students attend;
(E) a description of how the activities will meet the principles of effectiveness described in section 7175(b) of this title;
(F) an assurance that the program will primarily target students who attend schools eligible for schoolwide programs under section 6314 of this title and the families of such students;
(G) an assurance that funds under this part will be used to increase the level of State, local, and other non-Federal funds that would, in the absence of funds under this part, be made available for programs and activities authorized under this part, and in no case supplant Federal, State, local, or non-Federal funds;
(H) a description of the partnership between a local educational agency, a community-based organization, and another public entity or private entity, if appropriate;
(I) an evaluation of the community needs and available resources for the community learning center and a description of how the program proposed to be carried out in the center will address those needs (including the needs of working families);
(J) a demonstration that the eligible entity has experience, or promise of success, in providing educational and related activities that will complement and enhance the academic performance, achievement, and positive youth development of the students;
(K) a description of a preliminary plan for how the community learning center will continue after funding under this part ends;
(L) an assurance that the community will be given notice of an intent to submit an application and that the application and any waiver request will be available for public review after submission of the application;
(M) if the eligible entity plans to use senior volunteers in activities carried out through the community learning center, a description of how the eligible entity will encourage and use appropriately qualified seniors to serve as the volunteers; and
(N) such other information and assurances as the State educational agency may reasonably require.
The State educational agency may approve an application under this part for a program to be located in a facility other than an elementary school or secondary school only if the program will be at least as available and accessible to the students to be served as if the program were located in an elementary school or secondary school.
A State educational agency may require an eligible entity to match funds awarded under this part, except that such match may not exceed the amount of the grant award and may not be derived from other Federal or State funds.
The amount of a match under paragraph (1) shall be established based on a sliding fee scale that takes into account—
(A) the relative poverty of the population to be targeted by the eligible entity; and
(B) the ability of the eligible entity to obtain such matching funds.
Each State educational agency that requires an eligible entity to match funds under this subsection shall permit the eligible entity to provide all or any portion of such match in the form of in-kind contributions.
Notwithstanding this subsection, a State educational agency shall not consider an eligible entity's ability to match funds when determining which eligible entities will receive awards under this part.
In reviewing local applications under this section, a State educational agency shall use a peer review process or other methods of assuring the quality of such applications.
To the extent practicable, a State educational agency shall distribute funds under this part equitably among geographic areas within the State, including urban and rural communities.
Grants under this part may be awarded for a period of not less than 3 years and not more than 5 years.
A grant awarded under this part may not be made in an amount that is less than $50,000.
In awarding grants under this part, a State educational agency shall give priority to applications—
(A) proposing to target services to students who attend schools that have been identified as in need of improvement under section 6316 of this title; and
(B) submitted jointly by eligible entities consisting of not less than 1—
(i) local educational agency receiving funds under part A of subchapter I of this chapter; and
(ii) community-based organization or other public or private entity.
The State educational agency shall provide the same priority under paragraph (1) to an application submitted by a local educational agency if the local educational agency demonstrates that it is unable to partner with a community-based organization in reasonable geographic proximity and of sufficient quality to meet the requirements of this part.
(Pub. L. 89–10, title IV, §4204, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title IV, §401, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1769.)
Each eligible entity that receives an award under this part may use the award funds to carry out a broad array of before and after school activities (including during summer recess periods) that advance student academic achievement, including—
(1) remedial education activities and academic enrichment learning programs, including providing additional assistance to students to allow the students to improve their academic achievement;
(2) mathematics and science education activities;
(3) arts and music education activities;
(4) entrepreneurial education programs;
(5) tutoring services (including those provided by senior citizen volunteers) and mentoring programs;
(6) programs that provide after school activities for limited English proficient students that emphasize language skills and academic achievement;
(7) recreational activities;
(8) telecommunications and technology education programs;
(9) expanded library service hours;
(10) programs that promote parental involvement and family literacy;
(11) programs that provide assistance to students who have been truant, suspended, or expelled to allow the students to improve their academic achievement; and
(12) drug and violence prevention programs, counseling programs, and character education programs.
For a program or activity developed pursuant to this part to meet the principles of effectiveness, such program or activity shall—
(A) be based upon an assessment of objective data regarding the need for before and after school programs (including during summer recess periods) and activities in the schools and communities;
(B) be based upon an established set of performance measures aimed at ensuring the availability of high quality academic enrichment opportunities; and
(C) if appropriate, be based upon scientifically based research that provides evidence that the program or activity will help students meet the State and local student academic achievement standards.
The program or activity shall undergo a periodic evaluation to assess its progress toward achieving its goal of providing high quality opportunities for academic enrichment.
The results of evaluations under subparagraph (A) shall be—
(i) used to refine, improve, and strengthen the program or activity, and to refine the performance measures; and
(ii) made available to the public upon request, with public notice of such availability provided.
(Pub. L. 89–10, title IV, §4205, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title IV, §401, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1772.)
There are authorized to be appropriated—
(1) $1,250,000,000 for fiscal year 2002;
(2) $1,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2003;
(3) $1,750,000,000 for fiscal year 2004;
(4) $2,000,000,000 for fiscal year 2005;
(5) $2,250,000,000 for fiscal year 2006; and
(6) $2,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2007.
(Pub. L. 89–10, title IV, §4206, as added Pub. L. 107–110, title IV, §401, Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 1773.)