[United States Statutes at Large, Volume 130, 114th Congress, 2nd Session]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]

Public Law 114-148
114th Congress

An Act

To require the Secretary of the Treasury to mint coins in recognition of
the fight against breast cancer. <>

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled, <>

This Act may be cited as the ``Breast Cancer Awareness Commemorative
Coin Act''.

The Congress finds the following:
(1) Breast cancer is the most common cancer among American
women, except for skin cancers. Today, about 1 in 8, or 12
percent of, women in the United States will develop invasive
breast cancer during their lifetime. This is an increase from 1
in 11, or 9 percent of, women in 1975.
(2) Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer
death in women. The chance of dying from breast cancer is about
1 in 36. Thanks to earlier detection, increased awareness, and
improved treatment, death rates from breast cancer have
decreased since about 1989.
(3) There is a strong interest among the American public to
do more to tackle this disease. The National Cancer Institute
estimates $16.5 billion is spent in the United States each year
on breast cancer treatment. Assuming that incidence and survival
rates follow recent trends, it is estimated that $17.2 billion
will be spent on breast cancer care in the United States in
(4) Finding a cure for breast cancer is a goal of the United
States Government.
(5) The National Institutes of Health dedicated an estimated
$674 million for breast cancer research in Fiscal Year 2014. In
Fiscal Year 2014, the Department of Defense's Breast Cancer
Research Program received $120 million.
(6) While the National Institutes of Health and the
Department of Defense program on Breast Cancer research remain
the largest funders of breast cancer research in the United
States, in 2013, the National Cancer Institute funding was
reduced by nearly $66 million since 2011. The funding level for
the Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program has
remained consistent since 2012, however this amount represents a
20-percent decrease from 2011 funding levels.
(7) Additional private sector support for breast cancer
research will help us find cures for breast cancer even faster.

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(8) It is estimated that in the United States 231,840 women
will be diagnosed with and 40,290 women will die of cancer of
the breast in 2015. This means that every 13 minutes a woman
dies of breast cancer in the United States.
(9) However, due to disease type and lack of adequate care,
African-American women have the highest death rates of all
racial and ethnic groups overall and are at least 44 percent
more likely to die of breast cancer as compared to other racial
and ethnic groups.
(10) Breast cancer used to be considered a disease of aging
but recent trends show that more aggressive forms of the disease
have been increasingly diagnosed in younger women.
(11) Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer
among nearly every racial and ethnic group, including African-
American, American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian/Pacific Islander,
and Hispanic/Latina women.
(12) Clinical advances, resulting from research, have led to
increased survival from breast cancer. Since 1990, death rates
from breast cancer have dropped over 34 percent.
(13) Among men in the United States it is estimated that
there will be 2,350 new cases of invasive breast cancer and 440
breast cancer deaths in 2015.
(14) At this time there are more than 3.1 million breast
cancer survivors in the United States.
(15) It is estimated that breast cancer costs $12.5 billion
in lost productivity. Such productivity losses will increase
with projected growth rate and aging of the U.S. population if
cancer mortality rates stay constant in the future.
(16) There is a better chance of survival and there are more
treatment options with early stage detection through mammograms
and clinical breast exams.
(17) Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women
worldwide, with an estimated 1.7 million new cases of breast
cancer among women worldwide in 2012.
(18) Breast Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF) is considered
one of the most efficient cancer research charities.
(19) Of every dollar donated to BCRF, $0.91 goes to research
and awareness programs--88 cents towards research and 3 cents
towards awareness.
(20) Founded in 1993, the BCRF has raised more than $500
million to fuel discoveries in tumor biology, genetics,
prevention, treatment, survivorship, and metastasis, making BCRF
one of the largest private funders of breast cancer research in
the world. For 2014-2015, BCRF committed $58.6 million in
research, including $11.6 million to the international Evelyn H.
Lauder Founder's Fund focused on metastasis, to support the work
of more than 220 researchers at leading medical institutions
across 6 continents (25 states and 14 countries).

(a) Denominations.--The Secretary of the Treasury (hereafter in this
Act referred to as the ``Secretary'') shall mint and issue the following
(1) $5 gold coins.--Not more than 50,000 $5 gold coins,
which shall--
(A) have a diameter of 0.850 inches; and

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(B) be made of ``pink gold'' which contains not less
than 75 percent gold.
(2) $1 silver coins.--Not more than 400,000 $1 coins, which
(A) weigh 26.73 grams;
(B) have a diameter of 1.500 inches; and
(C) contain not less than 90 percent silver.
(3) Half-dollar clad coins.--Not more than 750,000 half-
dollar coins which shall--
(A) weigh 11.34 grams;
(B) have a diameter of 1.205 inches; and
(C) be minted to the specifications for half-dollar
coins contained in section 5112(b) of title 31, United
States Code.

(b) Legal Tender.--The coins minted under this Act shall be legal
tender, as provided in section 5103 of title 31, United States Code.
(c) Numismatic Items.--For purposes of sections 5134 and 5136 of
title 31, United States Code, all coins minted under this Act shall be
considered to be numismatic items.

(a) Design Requirements.--
(1) In general.--The design of the coins minted under this
Act shall be emblematic of the fight against breast cancer.
(2) Designation and inscriptions.--On each coin minted under
this Act there shall be--
(A) a designation of the face value of the coin;
(B) an inscription of the year ``2018''; and
(C) inscriptions of the words ``Liberty'', ``In God
We Trust'', ``United States of America'', and ``E
Pluribus Unum''.

(b) Selection.--The design for the coins minted under this Act shall
be selected by the Secretary based on the winning design from a juried,
compensated design competition described under subsection (c).
(c) Design Competition.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary shall hold a competition and
provide compensation for its winner to design the obverse and
reverse of the coins minted under this Act. The competition
shall be judged by an expert jury chaired by the Secretary and
consisting of three members from the Citizens Coinage Advisory
Committee who shall be elected by such Committee and three
members from the Commission of Fine Arts who shall be elected by
such Commission.
(2) Proposals.--As part of the competition described in this
subsection, the Secretary may accept proposals from artists,
engravers of the United States Mint, and members of the general
public, and any designs submitted for the design review process
described herein shall be anonymized until a final selection is
(3) Accompanying designs; preference for physical designs.--
The Secretary shall encourage three-dimensional designs to be
submitted as part of the proposals, and the jury shall give a
preference for proposals that are accompanied by a three-
dimensional physical design instead of, or in addition to, an
electronic design.

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(4) <>  Compensation.--The Secretary
shall determine compensation for the winning design under this
subsection, which shall be not less than $5,000. The Secretary
shall take into account this compensation amount when
determining the sale price described in section 6(a).

(a) Quality of Coins.--Coins minted under this Act shall be issued
in uncirculated and proof qualities.
(b) <>  Period for Issuance.--The Secretary may
issue coins minted under this Act only during the 1-year period
beginning on January 1, 2018.

(a) Sale Price.--The coins issued under this Act shall be sold by
the Secretary at a price equal to the sum of--
(1) the face value of the coins;
(2) the surcharge provided in section 7(a) with respect to
the coins; and
(3) the cost of designing and issuing the coins (including
labor, materials, dies, use of machinery, overhead expenses,
marketing, and shipping).

(b) Bulk Sales.--The Secretary shall make bulk sales of the coins
issued under this Act at a reasonable discount.
(c) Prepaid Orders.--
(1) In general.--The Secretary shall accept prepaid orders
for the coins minted under this Act before the issuance of such
(2) Discount.--Sale prices with respect to prepaid orders
under paragraph (1) shall be at a reasonable discount.

(a) In General.--All sales of coins issued under this Act shall
include a surcharge of--
(1) $35 per coin for the $5 coin;
(2) $10 per coin for the $1 coin; and
(3) $5 per coin for the half-dollar coin.

(b) Distribution.--Subject to section 5134(f) of title 31, United
States Code, all surcharges which are received by the Secretary from the
sale of coins issued under this Act shall be promptly paid by the
Secretary to the Breast Cancer Research Foundation, New York, New York,
for the purpose of furthering breast cancer research funded by the
(c) Audits.--The surcharge recipients under subsection (b) shall be
subject to the audit requirements of section 5134(f)(2) of title 31,
United States Code, with regard to the amounts received under that
(d) Limitations.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), no surcharge may
be included with respect to the issuance under this Act of any coin
during a calendar year if, as of the time of such issuance, the issuance
of such coin would result in the number of commemorative coin programs
issued during such year to exceed the annual two commemorative coin
program issuance limitation under section 5112(m)(1) of title 31, United
States Code (as in effect on the

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date of the enactment of this Act). The Secretary of the Treasury may
issue guidance to carry out this subsection.

Approved April 29, 2016.


Vol. 161 (2015):
July 14, 15, considered and passed
Vol. 162 (2016):
Apr. 19, considered and passed