[United States Statutes at Large, Volume 118, 108th Congress, 2nd Session] [From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov] 118 STAT. 3596 Public Law 108-453 108th Congress An Act To amend title 35, United States Code, to promote cooperative research involving universities, the public sector, and private enterprises. NOTE: Dec. 10, 2004 - [S. 2192] Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, NOTE: Cooperative Research and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) Act of 2004. 35 USC 1 note. SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the ``Cooperative Research and Technology Enhancement (CREATE) Act of 2004''. SEC. 2. COLLABORATIVE EFFORTS ON CLAIMED INVENTIONS. Section 103(c) of title 35, United States Code, is amended to read as follows: ``(c)(1) Subject matter developed by another person, which qualifies as prior art only under one or more of subsections (e), (f), and (g) of section 102 of this title, shall not preclude patentability under this section where the subject matter and the claimed invention were, at the time the claimed invention was made, owned by the same person or subject to an obligation of assignment to the same person. ``(2) For purposes of this subsection, subject matter developed by another person and a claimed invention shall be deemed to have been owned by the same person or subject to an obligation of assignment to the same person if-- ``(A) the claimed invention was made by or on behalf of parties to a joint research agreement that was in effect on or before the date the claimed invention was made; ``(B) the claimed invention was made as a result of activities undertaken within the scope of the joint research agreement; and ``(C) the application for patent for the claimed invention discloses or is amended to disclose the names of the parties to the joint research agreement. ``(3) For purposes of paragraph (2), the term `joint research agreement' means a written contract, grant, or cooperative agreement entered into by two or more persons or entities for the performance of experimental, developmental, or research work in the field of the claimed invention.''. SEC. 3. EFFECTIVE DATE. NOTE: 35 USC 103 note. (a) In General.--The amendments made by this Act shall apply to any patent granted on or after the date of the enactment of this Act. (b) Special Rule.--The amendments made by this Act shall not affect any final decision of a court or the United States Patent [[Page 3597]] 118 STAT. 3597 and Trademark Office rendered before the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall not affect the right of any party in any action pending before the United States Patent and Trademark Office or a court on the date of the enactment of this Act to have that party's rights determined on the basis of the provisions of title 35, United States Code, in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act. Approved December 10, 2004. LEGISLATIVE HISTORY--S. 2192 (H.R. 2391): --------------------------------------------------------------------------- HOUSE REPORTS: No. 108-425 accompanying H.R. 2391 (Comm. on the Judiciary). CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, Vol. 150 (2004): June 25, considered and passed Senate. Nov. 20, considered and passed House.