[United States Senate Manual, 107th Congress]
[S. Doc. 107-1]
[Standing Rules of the Senate]
[Pages 18-19]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office, www.gpo.gov]

        19                            RULE XIX


     19.1a      1. (a) When a Senator desires to speak, he shall rise 
            and address the Presiding Officer, and shall not proceed 
            until he is recognized, and the Presiding Officer shall 
            recognize the Senator who shall first address him. No 
            Senator shall interrupt another Senator in debate without 
            his consent, and to obtain such consent he shall first 
            address the Presiding Officer, and no Senator shall speak 
            more than twice upon any one question in debate on the same 
            legislative day without leave of the Senate, which shall be 
            determined without debate.
     19.1b      (b) At the conclusion of the morning hour at the 
            beginning of a new legislative day or after the unfinished 
            business or any pending business has first been laid before 
            the Senate on any calendar day, and until after the duration 
            of three hours of actual session after such business is laid 
            down except as determined to the contrary by unanimous 
            consent or on motion without debate, all debate shall be 
            germane and confined to the specific question then pending 
            before the Senate.
      19.2      2. No Senator in debate shall, directly or indirectly, 
            by any form of words impute to another Senator or to other 
            Senators any conduct or motive unworthy or unbecoming a 
      19.3      3. No Senator in debate shall refer offensively to any 
            State of the Union.
      19.4      4. If any Senator, in speaking or otherwise, in the 
            opinion of the Presiding Officer transgress the rules of the 
            Senate the Presiding Officer shall, either on his own motion 
            or at the request of any other Senator, call him to order; 
            and when a Senator shall be called to order he shall take 
            his seat, and may not proceed without leave of the Senate, 
            which, if granted, shall be upon motion that he be allowed

[[Page 19]]

            to proceed in order, which motion shall be determined 
            without debate. Any Senator directed by the Presiding 
            Officer to take his seat, and any Senator requesting the 
            Presiding Officer to require a Senator to take his seat, may 
            appeal from the ruling of the Chair, which appeal shall be 
            open to debate.
      19.5      5. If a Senator be called to order for words spoken in 
            debate, upon the demand of the Senator or of any other 
            Senator, the exceptionable words shall be taken down in 
            writing, and read at the table for the information of the 
      19.6      6. Whenever confusion arises in the Chamber or the 
            galleries, or demonstrations of approval or disapproval are 
            indulged in by the occupants of the galleries, it shall be 
            the duty of the Chair to enforce order on his own initiative 
            and without any point of order being made by a Senator.
      19.7      7. No Senator shall introduce to or bring to the 
            attention of the Senate during its sessions any occupant in 
            the galleries of the Senate. No motion to suspend this rule 
            shall be in order, nor may the Presiding Officer entertain 
            any request to suspend it by unanimous consent.
      19.8      8. Former Presidents of the United States shall be 
            entitled to address the Senate upon appropriate notice to 
            the Presiding Officer who shall thereupon make the necessary