[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1998, Book II)]
[September 8, 1998]
[Pages 1540-1544]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

Remarks on National School Modernization Day in Silver Spring, Maryland
September 8, 1998

    Thank you very much. I want to thank Carla for her introduction and 
her devotion to teaching. And I thought she did quite a good job of 
introducing her student. He's now sort of her boss, I guess, indirectly. 
[Laughter] And young man, you did a terrific job. You look great, and 
you stood up twice, and I think you ought to run for office some day. 
[Laughter] You really did a good job. I was very proud of you. I thought 
you were great.
    I'd like to thank the State Superintendent, Nancy Grasmick, and 
Superintendent Vance and the other officials of this school district. 
And Board Chair Nancy King, thank you for being with me again. She said 
if I came to this school district one more time I would be charged my 
appropriate tax assessment--[laughter]--to help alleviate the 
overcrowding problem I came to talk about today.
    I'd like to thank the members of the Maryland Legislature who are 
here, Senator Ruben and others, and County Council Chair Leggett and the 
other local officials who are here. I'd like to also thank the 
representatives of the education associations that are with us, 
including the NEA and the AFT. And I'd like to say a special word of 
appreciation to our wonderful Secretary of Education, Dick Riley; to 
Congressman Wynn, who has been a heroic champion of education; and to my 
good friend Kathleen Kennedy Townsend for everything she has done, 
especially for making Maryland the first State in the country to require 
community service as a condition of public education. It is a very 
important thing. And I hope State after State, community after community 
will emulate it.
    We are about to have our 100,000th young person in the AmeriCorps 
national service program. Creating an ethic of community service, I 
think, is one of the most important things we can do as America grows 
ever more diverse and still has a series of common challenges, common 
problems, and common opportunities. And no one in America has done more 
to promote it than Kathleen Kennedy Townsend. I thank her for that.
    I also want to tell you that Congressman Wynn committed the truth up 
here when he said that the first time we talked, he was hitting on me 
for more Federal funds for education. And I told him if we could just 
complete the recovery of the economy, balance the budget, we'd have some 
money, and that I, for one, would be in favor of investing that money 
disproportionately in the education of our children and the future of 
our country. And together we're trying to achieve that.
    I think you should know today that this event in which you are 
participating is one of 84 going on today in communities in 37 States. 
This is National School Modernization Day for us. The First Lady, the 
Vice President, Governors, about 40 Members of Congress, and the 
Cabinet--not just Secretary Riley but a lot of our other Cabinet members 
are out all across the country

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at gatherings like this. We are here to say that there is no more 
important long-term objective for America than world-class education for 
all our children, and that the children deserve schools that are as 
modern as the world in which they will live.
    All of you know this is a time of great change and transition, and 
meeting the challenges of this time is daunting work. You have to follow 
any week, any month, the headlines about what is going on in the world 
and here at home, with the economy, in international political events, 
and you can imagine that, even on its worst day, this is a very 
interesting job the American people have given me. But it is daunting 
work dealing with the complex and dynamic world we're living in.
    I have just seen it in Northern Ireland, where I visited with 
families, including those who were victims of the horrible bombing in 
Omagh, who are determined to abandon the hatred of the past and claim a 
different future for the children of Ireland. I have seen it in Russia, 
where people are working to lift their country out of economic crisis, 
even as they stay on a road to democracy and open economy.
    And as Kathleen said, I had a good talk this morning with Senator 
Mikulski about Russia, and the Secretary of the Treasury is now, as 
we're here, in the Senate meeting with our Senate caucus to talk about 
the situation in Russia and generally what's going on in the global 
economy and how we can continue to push it forward.
    At this moment I think all of us would admit that America, always a 
blessed nation, has particular blessings. We have the strongest economy 
in a generation. We have a dropping crime rate. We have the lowest 
welfare rolls in 29 years. We have the highest homeownership in history. 
Our country has had a remarkable run of economic and social progress, 
and we have been able to promote peace and security and freedom and 
human rights around the world.
    But people with this many blessings also have significant 
responsibilities. We have significant responsibilities around the world 
not to continue to be--in the words of our Federal Reserve Chairman, 
Alan Greenspan, the other day--an island of prosperity in a sea of 
difficulty in the rest of the world. We owe it to the world to exercise 
our responsibilities to try to advance the cause of prosperity and 
peace. And it's also in our interest, since our destiny is so 
inextricably bound up with the rest of the world.
    And we have unique responsibilities here at home. I've talked about 
this a lot, but I would like to reemphasize it. Sometimes when things 
are going really, really well for people, they get a little self-
indulgent, easily distracted, and basically just want to kick back and 
relax. It's a natural tendency for individuals. You go through a tough 
time, and you work and you work and work, and things get really good; 
you say, ``Thank goodness things are not so bad as they used to be. I'm 
going to relax.'' There are people that have this whole theory that 
since we have the lowest unemployment in nearly 30 years and the lowest 
inflation in over 30 years, and the economy is as strong as it's been, 
we're about to have the first balanced budget and surplus in 29 years, 
we can all just sort of pat ourselves on the back.
    I believe that would be a serious error--a serious error--because I 
think, again, at times when you have many blessings, your 
responsibilities are greater. And our responsibility is to say, what 
should we do? What should we do with the money that the American people 
have produced through their hard work and industry and through bringing 
this deficit down? What should we do with our prosperity? What should we 
do with our confidence?
    I think there is no more important thing to do than to get in our 
minds what the big, long-term challenges facing this country are and to 
say, we'll never have a better chance to make a big down payment on 
meeting the huge challenges of the country than we do right now because 
we're in good shape, because we don't have to worry about where our next 
dollar is coming from, because most Americans don't have to worry about 
where their next meal is coming from, because we have confidence that 
we're doing well. Now is the time. If we can't do that now, if we can't 
look at the big challenges facing the country now, when can we ever do 
    Therefore, I think we ought to be asking ourselves, what do we have 
to do to keep this economic recovery going? What do we have to do to 
meet our responsibilities in the world? What do we have to do to save 
the Social Security and Medicare systems and make them work for the baby 
boomers when they retire without bankrupting our kids? One thing we 
ought not to do is go out and spend this surplus 60 days

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before an election on a tax cut when we haven't even manifested the 
surplus and won't have it until October the 1st. We waited 30 years for 
a surplus; we ought to at least look at the ink turn from red to black 
for a year before we start throwing it away.
    I've been waiting--I've been counting the days until October 1st so 
I can say, ``Whew, we actually have the surplus.'' And now nobody even 
wants us to get there before they start spending it again. And more 
importantly, spending it on a tax cut estimates what the surplus will be 
in years ahead. Now, we've been very good on estimating. I've been on 
the right side of that. Every year I've been President I've said, 
``Well, here's what I think the deficit is going to be,'' and it's 
always been lower. And we've always been fortunate because we haven't 
made a lot of false claims here. But we need to save the Social Security 
system before we start giving away the surplus that, in fact, has not 
even materialized yet. That's a big challenge.
    The second thing we need to do is prove that we cannot just preserve 
but improve the environment as we grow the economy. We know we can do 
that, but you'd be amazed how many people don't believe we can do that 
still--you'd be utterly amazed--not just in America but all around the 
world, who still believe there's this sort of iron law of environmental 
degradation and economic growth, and that no scientific discovery, no 
technological advance, nothing will ever enable us to do it. I think 
it's a big challenge we need to face.
    We've got over 160 million Americans in managed care plans. I think 
it's a big challenge to protect the rights of people in managed care so 
you can control costs as much as possible without sacrificing quality or 
peace of mind for families. I think people ought to be able to go to an 
emergency room when they need to, or see a specialist when they need to, 
and shouldn't have the doctor taken away in the middle of treatment. I 
think these are big issues, not little issues--big things for the 
    But there is no bigger issue--and there are lots of others--the 
Senate is going to get another chance to do the right thing on campaign 
finance reform. I wish they would. I'd like to see all my successors be 
able to spend less time raising money and more time helping you raise 
your kids. I hope that can happen. But let's not kid ourselves. Nothing 
we do will have a greater effect on the future of this country than 
guaranteeing every child, without regard to race or station in life or 
region in this country, a world-class education--nothing.
    But first things first. You are all--I mean, this is sort of what's 
called preaching to the saved, because you all agree with all this on 
education. [Laughter] But even before the education issue, you must 
first decide, what should our attitude be about our present moment of 
good fortune? I think our attitude should be: It is not just a time to 
enjoy it, to indulge ourselves, to be diverted; it is a time to 
recognize the very serious questions before us and realize the unique 
opportunity we have to fulfill our responsibility to the future. And it 
always begins with our children.
    As Secretary Riley said many times this month, we had a record 
number of schoolchildren start school--52.7 million--half a million more 
than last year, more than at the height of the baby boom, more than at 
any time. And all the indications are that this will continue, this so-
called baby boom echo will continue to reverberate for years and years 
to come.
    Now, there are a lot of things that we should be doing in education. 
I came to emphasize one today, but I think it's worth repeating that we 
have advocated high standards, high expectations, high levels of 
accountability, and high levels of support to achieve those objectives. 
We've got a program to expand charter schools; to end social promotion, 
but to provide after-school and summer school programs to people who 
need it; to reward our most committed teachers; to train more and 
certify more master teachers; to do more to help our children master the 
basics; and to pass voluntary national tests for fourth grade reading 
and eighth grade math. We've called for more efforts to make our schools 
safe and disciplined and drug-free. But it's important to point out that 
with the biggest group of schoolchildren in history enrolled, one of the 
biggest problems is the adequacy and the quality of the physical space 
itself and its capacity to hook into the information revolution.
    The Vice President and I, for nearly 4 years now, have been working 
to hook all of our classrooms and libraries up to the Internet by the 
year 2000. There are a lot of these classrooms that aren't hookable. 
[Laughter] And basically we have two different kinds of problems.
    First of all, too many schools are overcrowded: classes in hallways, 
gyms, portables on campuses--like here, outside. I was in a little

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town in Florida where one school had, as I remember, 12 different 
trailers out there behind it, maybe more. Then, not very long after 
that, I went to Philadelphia, where the average school building is 65 
years old. And they're magnificent buildings. You couldn't afford to 
build buildings like that today. But they haven't been maintained.
    And I always ask people, what kind of signal do you send to an 
inner-city child, whose one chance to make it in life is a decent 
education, if every day the child has to walk up the stairs and go into 
a school where the windows are broken, the paint is peeling, there's 
graffiti on the walls, maybe a whole floor is shut down because it is 
simply physically incapable of being occupied? And then the child will 
turn on the television and hear every politician like me saying, 
``Children are the most important things to our future. Education is the 
most important issue.'' The actions that the child sees walking up the 
steps to school every day are louder than all the words to the contrary 
of the politicians. This is a big issue.
    So what we have done within the balanced budget--I want to emphasize 
this. It's true. Congressman Wynn will tell you I've disappointed some 
of my friends because I don't think we can vary from what got us to the 
dance of prosperity. And what got us to the dance of prosperity is being 
ruthless about balancing this budget, keeping the interest rates down, 
getting the investment up, and giving Americans a job so they can pay 
taxes to the local school district so you can do the lion's share of the 
    Consistent with that and within that framework, we have proposed the 
first-ever initiative at the national level to help communities build 
and repair and modernize more than 5,000 schools so that we can meet 
this huge need out there. It's a school construction tax cut that is 
completely and fully paid for in the balanced budget. It doesn't touch a 
penny of the surplus, and it is the right way to cut taxes. It respects 
discipline; it targets investments to the future where they're needed 
    And what I would like to ask all of you to do is to help Congressman 
Wynn reach the other Members of Congress and say this ought not to be a 
Republican or a Democratic issue. It ought not to be an issue that pits 
the rapidly growing suburbs against inner cities with old buildings that 
anybody would love to have if they were just properly modernized and 
wired. This ought to be an issue where we can all say that it's a 
national priority. And you can talk all you want to about education, but 
we don't need a crowded or a crumbling classroom or permanent reliance 
on housetrailers as the symbol of America's commitment to education. 
Now, that's important.
    I also want to point out that we have paid for, within the balanced 
budget, in addition to the school construction, enough funds to help 
school districts hire another 100,000 teachers to lower the class size, 
average class size, to 18 in the early grades. And I think that's 
    All the research shows it makes a permanent difference if early in 
the educational experience teachers have the chance to give personal 
attention to students, and they have a chance to relate to each other in 
a class that is small enough to embed permanently not only learning 
skills but habits of relating and learning in the future. All the 
research shows that.
    Finally, let me say, we have a proposal to provide scholarships to 
35,000 young people who will agree to go out and teach in educationally 
underserved areas, based on the old idea of the National Health Service 
Corps. You know, I used to be Governor, as one of my opponents once 
said, of a small rural State--[laughter]--and we had all these places in 
the country that could never get a doctor. And the National Health 
Service Corps came along, and they gave these young people scholarships 
to medical schools and covered the enormous cost of going. And all they 
had to do was to be willing to go out either to an inner-city area or 
out in the rural area where they couldn't get a doctor and serve for a 
few years and work off the cost of medical school.
    That's what we want to do with education. We want to say, ``We will 
pay your way to school. We'll help you get an education. After a couple 
of years, you can do whatever you want to with your life, but we ask you 
in return for our investment in your education to go to an inner-city 
school or a rural school or a Native American school, go someplace where 
they won't have a good teacher if it weren't for you.'' I think it is a 
great idea. It is fully funded.
    Now, the last thing I want to say--and this goes back to the school 
modernization--we've got to ask Congress to pass the budget to give us 
the funds to hook all the classrooms and the libraries up to the 
Internet by the year 2000.

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This is a huge deal, and it is a major, major educational issue.
    You may remember that last spring the First Lady and I and a large 
delegation of Members of Congress and others went to Africa. And it was 
the first time a sitting American President had ever taken an extensive 
trip to several countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It had never happened 
before. We visited a school in Uganda that will soon be linked to Pine 
Crest by the Internet. We were actually there.
    When you see that school, if you have the visual link through the 
Internet, you want to give those kids some new maps, you'll want to send 
them some books, you'll want to do a lot of things, but you'll also know 
that they are beautiful, good, highly intelligent, and immensely, 
immensely eager to be connected to the rest of the world and to share a 
common future with our children.
    So this is very important. Unfortunately, nearly half of our schools 
don't have the wiring necessary to support basic computer systems. We're 
doing a great job, and it's not just the Government--private sector, 
local districts, everybody--a fabulous job of getting these computers 
out into the classrooms. More and more, there is good educational 
software. But what we are going to do when the actual wiring is not 
there? We have to do this.
    So again, I ask Congress to pass the funds--in the balanced budget--
for the connection for the Internet. It's a huge thing. And it has more 
potential to dramatically revolutionize and equalize education, if the 
teachers are properly trained, than anything else. And in our plan, we 
have funds for teacher training as well. Otherwise, you'll wind up 
having the kids know more about it. [Laughter] We can't afford to have 
that. [Laughter]
    So that's what I'm here to say. Number one, let's get people out of 
the housetrailers and get them out of the falling-down buildings and 
give our kids something to be proud of and send them the right signal 
and have the physical facilities we need. We've got a plan to do it, 
with the right kind of tax cut; it's in the balanced budget. Number two, 
let's fund 100,000 teachers and take average class size down to 18 in 
the early grades. Number three, let's fund the money necessary to enable 
all of our classes and all of our libraries in all of our schools to be 
hooked up to the Internet by the year 2000. If we do that we're going to 
be very, very proud of how our kids turn out in the years ahead.
    Thank you, and God bless you.

Note: The President spoke at 2:45 p.m. at Pine Crest Elementary School. 
In his remarks, he referred to Pine Crest teacher Carla McEachern, who 
introduced the President; Paul L. Vance, superintendent, Nancy J. King, 
president, and Geonard Butler, student member, Montgomery County Board 
of Education; Nancy S. Grasmick, State superintendent of schools; State 
Senator Ida G. Ruben; Isiah Leggett, president, Montgomery County 
Council; and Lt. Gov. Kathleen Kennedy Townsend of Maryland. The 
President also referred to the National Education Association (NEA) and 
the American Federation of Teachers (AFT).