[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1998, Book II)]
[August 14, 1998]
[Pages 1450-1454]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

[[Page 1450]]

Remarks at a Democratic National Committee Labor Luncheon
August 14, 1998

    Thank you, John, for the wonderful introduction and, even more, for 
your friendship and your leadership. I thank all the officers of the 
AFL-CIO and our friends from the National Education Association who are 
    I'd like to say a special word of appreciation to my good friend 
Gerry McEntee, the chair of your political committee; and I'd like to 
congratulate Morty Bahr on settling the CWA/Bell Atlantic strike. I gave 
him his reward today; I have ordered him to be on a plane for the Middle 
East by 9 o'clock tonight. [Laughter]
    I want to thank Governor Romer and Steve Grossman and Len Barrack 
and all the DNC staff and the White House staff and all who have done so 
much work with you in substance and on politics over the last few years. 
We've been a good team; we've gotten a lot done; America's a better 
place. But we've got a lot still to do.
    Before I begin, I'd like to make a brief announcement about help to 
our hardest pressed communities during what is now officially the 
hottest summer ever recorded. For 17 years now, the LIHEAP program--
that's the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program--has helped the 
neediest Americans to protect their families in times of extreme weather 
conditions, helping pay for air-conditioners and electric bills and fans 
during the hot summer months, for heating in times of extreme cold. It 
has literally been a lifesaver for many, many Americans in my personal 
experience in times of very difficult weather.
    As you know, we are experiencing the hottest summer on record. In 
many States in the mid-South, including my home State of Arkansas, we 
had for the first time ever 3 weeks or more of straight 100 degree-plus 
days. Earlier this week the Vice President announced that last month was 
the hottest record ever recorded on the planet Earth, beating out July 
1997 by half a degree. July was the seventh month in a row where 1998 
was hotter than 1997, and 1997 was the hottest year ever recorded.
    This heat wave has destroyed crops, caused power outages, led to the 
deaths of more than 100 Americans. It threatens mostly our most 
vulnerable people, young children, the disabled, the elderly. And for 
those who don't have air-conditioning, the high temperatures for those 
in physically difficult positions will continue to be life threatening.
    We've been able to make this heat wave safer because of the LIHEAP 
program. It's a good program. Last month I directed the Department of 
Health and Human Services to release $100 million in emergency funds for 
the 11 hottest Southern States. Today, because the heat wave has 
continued and families continue to struggle, I have ordered the release 
of another $50 million to these States.
    One of the difficult issues we are fighting out in the Congress this 
year is that the House committee with jurisdiction over these matters 
has recommended the elimination of this program. I think, based on the 
experience of ordinary people this summer, that would be a mistake. I 
can understand that it might be beyond the experience of some people, 
because they live in moderate climates or they've never dealt with this. 
But I'll never forget one summer when I was in Arkansas, and it was so 
hot the elderly people--and there were thousands and thousands of them 
that lived in homes without air-conditioning--we had to bring them into 
the senior citizen centers and put up cots. We had to buy thousands and 
thousands of fans for people who were in their homes.
    You know, most of us, we're pretty comfortable. We're sitting here 
in this beautiful hotel; we've got this nice air-conditioning going. We 
take some things for granted. There are a lot of our fellow Americans 
out there that are literally in danger this summer.
    So we'll do what we can, but I hate to put anything else on your 
legislative plate, but I need you to help me get this LIHEAP program 
continued. It looks like extreme weather will intensify, not abate, and 
America needs to be there to help our most vulnerable citizens.
    I want to talk to you today about the important choice facing the 
American people, including the members of your organizations, all of 
them, in this election season. I have said before and I will say again 
that we have to decide to move forward with the same approach that has 
brought our Nation to its present strength

[[Page 1451]]

and prosperity, an approach that puts progress over partisanship and 
people over politics and unity over division. That is the choice.
    Five and a half years ago, when you helped Al Gore and me to get 
elected, we said we would bring the country a new direction with new 
leadership and new ideas based on old values. You've fought alongside us 
to help us to bring these changes to not just your members but all the 
American people. And now the results can be seen.
    Thanks to the hard work, the ingenuity, the good citizenship of our 
fellow Americans, but supported by the policies of this administration, 
we now have the lowest unemployment rate in 28 years and 16 million new 
jobs; the lowest crime rate in 25 years; the smallest percentage of the 
people on welfare in 29 years. We're about to have the first balanced 
budget and surplus since Neil Armstrong walked on the Moon 29 years ago; 
inflation, the lowest in 35 years; homeownership, the highest in 
history. Last year wages went up at twice the rate of inflation after 
having been stagnant for so very long.
    Millions of Americans have taken advantage of the family and medical 
leave law. Because of the Brady law, 118 felons an hour have been unable 
to get a handgun. We will never know how many lives that has saved. 
Millions more children are getting health care; the doors to college are 
open wider than ever before; the environment is cleaner even as the 
economy has grown. And you can take a lot of responsibility for that.
    I would like to say a special word of appreciation to the Federal 
employees, the members of our Federal work force, for they have produced 
more while reducing the size of Government by approximately 350,000 
people to its smallest point since John Kennedy was President 35 years 
ago. None of this would have been possible had it not been for their 
ingenuity and continued dramatic increases in productivity. And I am 
profoundly grateful for that.
    Now, this is a golden moment for our country, and the big question 
is what to do with it. I'm proud of the things that have been 
accomplished so far, but every election is about the future.
    Some of you have heard me tell this story, but when I had been 
Governor 10 years and was trying to decide whether to run for another 4-
year term, I went out to the State fair. And a guy came up to me in 
overalls and said, ``Bill, are you going to run again?'' And I said, 
``Well, if I do, will you vote for me?'' He said, ``Sure, I always 
have.'' And I said, ``Well, aren't you sick of me after all these 
years?'' He said, ``No, but about everybody else I know is.'' [Laughter] 
And I said, ``Well, don't they think I've done a good job?'' He said, 
``Sure, but that's what we paid you for. You drew a check every 2 weeks, 
didn't you?'' [Laughter] It was a very interesting, insightful 
conversation with him. Elections are and properly should be about the 
    Now, the conventional wisdom is, whenever unemployment is low and 
inflation is low and job growth is high and things are good, that 
countries will be like people and families and businesses. You just want 
to say, ``Gosh, man, we had years when things were a real hassle, and I 
just want to take a break. I want to be left alone.''
    I think, under these circumstances, it would be a serious mistake to 
take that approach. Why? Because, as every one of you knows--and you 
heard John Sweeney talk about the speech I gave to the World Trade 
Organization--we were over there talking about the impact of the Asian 
financial crisis on the American economy. Every one of you knows the 
world is changing very rapidly in ways that affect how we work, how we 
live, how we relate to each other, how we relate to our friends beyond 
our Nation's borders.
    If we sit still and say, ``Gosh, isn't this great,'' we won't be 
able to maintain these great conditions. The only way to do it is to 
stay ahead of the changes, to keep our energy level up, to keep our 
focus up, to keep looking at the long-term challenges facing America. So 
I would like to respectfully suggest that this election ought to be 
what's right for the country and that good policy would be good 
    What are the long-term challenges of America? First and foremost, 
we've got to stick with the economic strategy that got us here and 
refine it and improve it: fiscal discipline, expanding our exports, 
investing in the skills and education of our people. We can't depart 
from this path. I would like to see an expansion of our efforts to bring 
the benefits of the economic recovery to urban neighborhoods, small 
rural towns, and Indian reservations which haven't felt the benefit of 
it yet. And it is an inflation-free way to grow the economy. I keep 

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to my friends in the business community that the biggest untapped market 
for American goods and services is here in America. It's in the 
neighborhoods, the small towns, the Native American communities which 
have not yet felt the lift of this recovery.
    Second, related to our economy, we have to honor our parents and 
future generations, and we, those of us in the baby boom generation, 
have to do our duty by our children and grandchildren by saving Social 
Security for the 21st century. And we shouldn't spend a penny of this 
surplus until we know we have provided for a Social Security system that 
is decent, comprehensive, and adequate, but we've done it in a way that 
will not lower the standard of living of the children of the baby 
    Now, we were very fortunate to have an economic estimate come out a 
few weeks ago, estimating that the projected surplus over the next 10 
years was going to be about double what we had previously thought. And 
that's good; I'm glad to have an estimate like that. But we'll get 
another estimate next year and another estimate the year after and 
another estimate the year after that.
    In an election year, it is tempting to offer and provide a great big 
tax cut or a great big new program, but you know and I know, if you pass 
a tax cut, you're never going to repeal it, whether or not that 
projected surplus materializes.
    Now, I'm not against tax cuts; I've got a targeted tax cut before 
the Congress right now to help working families with child care, to help 
meet some of the energy challenges we face, to help deal with some of 
the other personal family challenges that people face. I'm not against 
that. What I am against is promising something to the American people 
and giving it to them that sounds good today but that will give us a 
royal headache in the future.
    The biggest challenge we've got out there is when I retire--I'm the 
oldest of the baby boomers--and then all the ones that are down to 18 
years younger than me get in, at present birth rates, work force 
participation rates, immigration rates, and retirement rates--when all 
that happens, there will only be two people working for every person 
drawing Social Security. Therefore, the system, as presently 
constituted, is unsustainable. And if we do not act now to reform it, 
including having available whatever money the American people have 
produced through this surplus, we will regret it for a long time. 
Because I don't think--I can tell you that every person I know in my 
generation, including middle-class, middle-income people living on very 
modest incomes, nobody wants us to retire in ways that say to our kids, 
``Okay, let's raise your payroll tax 2\1/2\ percent. I want to lower 
your standard of living to take care of mine. I want to undermine your 
ability to raise and educate my grandchildren so I can live just like my 
parents did in retirement.'' We don't want that.
    Now, since that's a few years off, small changes today can make a 
big impact tomorrow. I know you have supported us on this, but this is 
profoundly important. It's also very important to our economic 
stability. Suppose we were to do this with this surplus, and then it 
didn't materialize. Then where would we be? Do you want to go back to 
the economic policies of the eighties where we quadrupled the debt in 12 
years? I don't think so. So it's very important.
    The third thing I want to say is, we have to protect our families in 
the health care area with a strong Patients' Bill of Rights. We've got 
160 million people in managed care plans. They do a lot of good, managed 
care plans, in some areas. They can make health care more affordable and 
more available. But medical decisions ought to be made by doctors and 
patients, not accountants. That means, among other things, access to 
specialists; access to the emergency room; continuity of care, even if 
your employer changes health care providers while you're pregnant, while 
you're in the middle of chemotherapy, while you're in the middle of 
something else. Every American deserves quality care. Every American 
deserves privacy of medical records as well. And I want to thank you for 
the very effective grassroots campaign you're waging for the Patients' 
Bill of Rights.
    The differences between the bipartisan bill that the Democrats 
support and that of the Republican leadership in Congress are 
breathtaking. You may have seen this little chart I showed in 
Louisville, Kentucky, a couple of days ago. I wish you could mail it to 
every member of every organization here present. Protecting medical 
privacy--big deal to most families: Our proposal does; theirs doesn't. 
Guaranteeing direct access to specialists: Our proposal does; theirs 
doesn't. Assuring that accountants don't make arbitrary medical 
decisions: Our proposal does; theirs doesn't. Providing real emergency

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room protection: Ours, yes; theirs, no. Holding health plans accountable 
if they harm patients: Ours, yes; theirs, no. Protecting patients from 
secret financial incentives to doctors to deny care: Ours, yes; theirs, 
no. Keeping your same doctor through critical treatment periods: Ours, 
yes; theirs, no. Maybe most important of all, covering all health plans: 
Ours, yes; theirs leaves 100 million Americans out.
    So when Congress comes back, everybody is going to be for a 
Patients' Bill of Rights. It's going to be like motherhood and apple pie 
and the Fourth of July. So you've got to look beyond the label, and the 
American people are very sophisticated about this because they have to 
navigate through their health care plans. You need to help them and help 
us get this information out.
    The fourth thing we have to do is to make sure our kids have the 
best education in the world. We've done a great deal to open the doors 
of college to all Americans. We've made community college virtually free 
to most American families. And everybody believes we've got the best 
system of higher education in the world. But nobody believes every child 
in this country--every child--has a chance to get an elementary and 
secondary education that's the best in the world.
    Now, I have given Congress a plan to support reform effort to the 
grassroots level: high but voluntary national standards; hiring more 
highly trained teachers; having smaller classes in the early grades; 
building new schools and modernizing old ones; hooking up classrooms to 
the Internet; creating charter schools; and providing more opportunities 
for more kids to go to summer school and after-school programs so they 
learn more and get in less trouble. That's our agenda.
    We have the money to do it, and we should debate that in this 
election because the Congress disagrees with me on it, at least the 
Republican majority does. On September 8th all across America, our 
teachers will shine a spotlight on one of these issues, the need to 
modernize our school buildings. I thank them for doing that; you can't 
build the children up in school buildings that are falling down.
    Fifth, we have to pass on to future generations the Earth God gave 
us. We have to prove that we can grow the economy and improve the 
environment. For all the advances in clean water, 40 percent of our 
lakes and streams and rivers are still too polluted for fishing and 
swimming. And a lot of your members, the only vacation they ever get is 
when they go to a State park or a national park or to some fishing 
resort or someplace to a lake where they can take their kids skiing. So 
our clean water initiative is just one example of what we can do and 
must do to grow the economy and to preserve the environment.
    The last thing I want to say is this, because the AFL-CIO has a very 
important responsibility, in my view, that you have always fulfilled, to 
try to educate your own members and the country generally about the 
importance of America's leadership in the world for peace and freedom 
and prosperity. And as these awful events in Africa have reminded us, as 
the Asian financial turmoil has reminded us--where 40 percent of our 
farm exports go, and they're down 30 percent this year, just for one 
example--our fate is increasingly bound up with the rest of the world, 
and we cannot retreat from America's responsibility to stand up for 
peace and freedom and prosperity. Our own peace, freedom, and prosperity 
depends upon our willingness to stand for it around the world.
    In the last few days, I've spent more time on these two challenges, 
by far, than anything else, and we have more to do. I had a good talk 
with President Yeltsin today. A few days ago, I talked with the new 
Japanese Prime Minister. I'm soon going to Russia and then over to 
Ireland to keep doing what we can to support the peace process there. 
We're pushing ahead to try to bring peace to the Middle East and to stop 
the very difficult situation in Kosovo. Most Americans don't think about 
a lot of this a lot of the time. A lot of Americans might not know what 
the International Monetary Fund is, but having the right kind of 
international posture is critical to our own prosperity and critical to 
our own security. And I have always respected the support the AFL-CIO 
has given to Republican and Democratic Presidents alike for the 
proposition that we have to stand strong for freedom in the world.
    America has got a good agenda in the coming months. We can be for 
saving Social Security first, better schools, a cleaner environment, and 
a Patients' Bill of Rights, and we can sell that in every place in 
America. They are real choices real Americans face in this election. We 
don't have to be excessively partisan. We can say we're for the progress 
of this country. We want

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to build on what brung us, if you'll forgive me an Arkansas phrase. And 
we're going to do it.
    And you'll be critical to that. Without your help, we never would 
have had the minimum wage; we wouldn't have protected Medicare and 
Medicaid; we wouldn't have had family and medical leave; we wouldn't 
have had the economic plan of 1993, which reduced the deficit by 92 
percent before we ever passed the balanced budget plan. Without your 
help, none of that could have happened.
    When I visited California and campaigned against Proposition 226 out 
there, all the smart prognosticators said there was no way you could win 
that fight. But when I saw your dedication and skill, the level and 
intensity of your commitment, I thought, I'm not so sure. Besides, you 
were right on the issue, and your message prevailed.
    So I will say again: This election is about the future, and it 
should be. It is about ideas, and it should be. We have good candidates; 
I've seen a lot of them out there. We've got a good Democratic National 
Committee that's worked its heart out to restore its health and 
direction and energy. And if you will help us, we can go out there and 
tell everybody in America, ``Let's stay with what brought us to this 
point, but be active. Let's save Social Security first before we spend 
that surplus. Let's give our kids the best elementary and secondary 
schools in the world. Let's have a Patients' Bill of Rights. Let's prove 
we can continue to grow the economy and improve the environment. Let's 
keep standing up for peace and freedom and prosperity. We're going to be 
just fine.''
    You know, the First Lady, in this Millennial Project of ours, has a 
theme: ``Honor the past; imagine the future.'' That pretty well captures 
where organized labor is today. You've got an enormous sense of your own 
roots, your own accomplishments, the deeply held values that have never 
changed. But there is more imagination, more willingness to think new 
thoughts, come up with new ideas, work out creative relationships with 
management so that everybody can win than I have ever seen in my 
lifetime. If America will honor the past and imagine the future and vote 
on that basis, we're going to have a good November.
    Thank you, and God bless you. [Applause] Thank you.

Note: The President spoke at 1:30 p.m. in the John Hay Room at the Hay 
Adams Hotel. In his remarks, he referred to John J. Sweeney, president, 
AFL-CIO; Gerald W. McEntee, president, American Federation of State, 
County, and Municipal Employees; Morton Bahr, president, Communications 
Workers of America (CWA); Gov. Roy Romer of Colorado, general chair, 
Steve Grossman, national chair, and Leonard Barrack, national finance 
chair, Democratic National Committee; President Boris Yeltsin of Russia; 
and Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi of Japan.