[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1998, Book II)]
[August 10, 1998]
[Pages 1425-1429]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

[[Page 1425]]

Remarks at a Unity '98 Dinner in Chicago, Illinois
August 10, 1998

    Thank you very much. First of all, I want to thank all the previous 
speakers for saying everything that needs to be said; I am free to say 
whatever I like. I am deeply indebted, as all of you know, to this city 
and this State for many things, the most important of which is clearly 
the First Lady, who asked me to be remembered to all of you tonight.
    I have a picture on my wall in my office of Hillary and me on St. 
Patrick's Day in 1992 in Chicago--that was the night of the primaries in 
Illinois and Michigan, the night we knew that unless the wheel 
completely ran off, I would probably become the nominee of our party. 
And from that day and before to this, no place has been better to us and 
to the Vice President and to our whole team than the city of Chicago and 
the State of Illinois. And I am profoundly grateful to all of you, and I 
thank you for it.
    I also want to say a word of appreciation to Steve Grossman, who has 
done a magnificent job. I thank Congressman Rangel, who has to put on 
his uniform every day. He's now in the most severe combat he's been in 
since the Korean war, I think, with the Republicans in the House, but he 
holds up his end right well. And I thank you, Charles. I'm proud of you 
in every way.
    I want to thank Secretary Daley, who will soon get over being 50. 
[Laughter] Oh, to be 50 again. [Laughter] It's all a matter of 
perspective, you know. I want to thank Mayor Daley for his leadership 
here and his support and friendship. I thank Senator Durbin for many 
things and for being so courageous in his leadership to protect our 
children against the dangers of tobacco, to keep our streets and our 
communities safe, and many other things. I want to say a little more 
about Carol Moseley-Braun in a moment.
    I want to thank Reverend Jesse Jackson for being a good friend of my 
family in personal as well as political ways, and for doing a superb job 
for our country as our Special Envoy to Africa, a very important part of 
America's future. Thank you, Reverend Jackson, for doing that.
    Now, you heard all the politics. I would like to talk a little bit 
about--specifically about Illinois and how if fits into the larger 
picture of America and our future. I ran for President because I 
honestly believed our country was not doing what was necessary to 
prepare for a new century, a new millennium, a completely new way of 
living and working and relating to each other and the rest of the world. 
And I think that what we have sought to do is best captured in the theme 
the First Lady picked for our Millennium Project, the things we are 
doing over the next 2\1/2\ years to celebrate the coming of a new 
century and a new millennium. The theme is ``Honoring the past; 
imagining the future.''
    And that is what we have tried to do: to offer new ideas based on 
our oldest values; to deepen the meaning of our freedom; to widen the 
circle of opportunity; to build the bonds of our Union stronger; to help 
America be the strongest force for peace and freedom and prosperity in 
the world; to give our children--all our children--the best chance to 
live out their dreams any generation of children has ever known. That is 
what we have worked on doing.
    Now, all those words sound good, and it is an important thing, 
words. They spark ideas. They spark the human spirit. They motivate 
people to act. But in the end, you have to turn the words into action. 
And I would like to just give you one example.
    The lion's share of credit for the economic statistics the Vice 
President reeled off belongs to the American people, to their hard work, 
their ingenuity, their good citizenship. But the policies of this 
administration have plainly played a role in giving people the tools to 
do what has been done and creating the conditions for success.
    If it hadn't been for Carol Moseley-Braun or Glenn Poshard or 
Charlie Rangel or Al Gore, the economic plan in 1993--which drove 
interest rates down, drove the deficit down, got investment up, expanded 
our commitment to promote economic opportunity in the inner cities, 
including in Chicago--would not have passed, because it passed by one 
vote in both Houses, because every single member of the other party 
voted against it. And I want to tell you that I am proud to be a member 
of my party and

[[Page 1426]]

proud to be an ardent supporter of the reelection of Senator Carol 
Moseley-Braun and the election of Glenn Poshard.
    There is--I was told today when I came into Chicago that Congressman 
Poshard's opponent has an ad on attacking him for voting for our 1993 
economic plan, claiming it was a big tax increase, neglecting to point 
out that income taxes were raised on about two-tenths of a percent of 
the American people, that 5 times as many people in Illinois got a tax 
cut as got a tax increase--working families who need it the most--and 
that that bill lowered the deficit 92 percent before the bipartisan 
balanced budget agreement passed and, therefore, was the single most 
important vote to the economic recovery America enjoys today.
    I think Glenn Poshard should thank his opponent for advertising for 
him. It's a good difference between Republicans and Democrats. They're 
still trying to mischaracterize the bill that brought America back. And 
I hope you will send a message on election day, by reelecting Carol 
Moseley-Braun and electing Glenn Poshard, that Illinois likes this 
economy and will support people who brought it about.
    We have the lowest crime rate in 25 years. The crime bill of 1994 
played a major role in that, with 100,000 police on the street and 
grants to communities like Chicago not just to punish people but to give 
our young people something to say yes to, so that more communities could 
have more programs like your after-school programs here and your summer 
school programs here. And most of the members, not all but most of the 
members of the other party voted against it. Carol Moseley-Braun and 
Glenn Poshard voted for it.
    And so, if you like the fact that Chicago has all these new police 
officers under the crime bill and you like what has been done here to 
make the streets safer, I think you should show that you like it when 
words are turned into action by voting to reelect Carol Moseley-Braun 
and to elect Glenn Poshard. I think these are the kinds of things that 
you have to say to people.
    Now, as the Vice President said, we have to decide what we're going 
to do with the good times we have. We are sobered and humbled when our 
friends in Asia, who once we thought would never have any economic 
problems again, have their own struggles. But we should be humbled 
because, when things change fast, the ground can move, and the world is 
changing very fast.
    We are heartbroken at what has happened in Africa to our Embassies, 
the tragic loss of life of American public servants and the more than 
200 Africans who have died now and thousands wounded because some 
terrorist criminal wanted to hurt America. But this reminds us that 
freedom is a precious thing, prosperity is a wonderful thing, but in a 
dynamic world they bring responsibilities.
    And this election year should not be about negative 30-second ads, 
or all the mean things they've said about me or the rest of you, or any 
mean thing we can say back to them. It really ought to be about what do 
we do now. We have been given the gift of this moment of prosperity, 
which gives us confidence and energy. What do we do with it?
    What have you done in the times in your life when you thought 
everything was hunky-dory? After things have been tough--and they were 
tough for America for a long time--the natural thing to do is to sort of 
say, ``Man, I have been working like crazy. This is great. Leave me 
alone. Give me a break.''
    That was really, in fairness, the import behind the quote by the 
Speaker that the Vice President read, ``We don't really have to do 
anything. We just have to avoid another shutdown and get out of town. 
And things are so good, and we've got more money than the Democrats do. 
We'll be fine in the election. We'll worry about all of this tomorrow.''
    And that is playing into what is often the dominant feeling in human 
nature. I suggest to you it would be a mistake for us to have that 
attitude today as a nation and that instead we ought to say, ``Hey, we 
may not get a time this good again for a while. Let's take this time to 
think about the big, long-term challenges this country faced, and let's 
go on and face them and deal with them now. If not now, when? If we 
can't do it now, when will we ever have a better time?'' And that's what 
we ought to be thinking about now.
    So I'll tell you what I think they are, in no particular order--you 
may have different rank order. They've been alluded to already, but let 
me just tell you because this is why it's important to have people in 
the positions of Congressmen and Senators who will make good decisions 
about this.

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    One of the biggest challenges this country is going to face--every 
advanced country is going to face it--is when all the baby boomers 
retire. I know; I'm the oldest of the baby boomers. I'm the oldest man 
my age in America now. [Laughter] Think about that. Because we are the 
biggest group of Americans ever to live, until this group of kids that 
just started school last year, when we retire, at present rates of 
retirement, birth rates, and immigration rates, for the first time since 
Social Security came in there will only be about two people working for 
every one person eligible for Social Security.
    The system we have, that has literally on its own lifted half of our 
elderly people out of poverty, is unsustainable as it is. But it has 
done a lot of good for the elderly, for the disabled, for children whose 
parents die when they're still children. So one of the things that we 
have to do--and we ought to do it early next year--we ought to stop 
fooling around with it. The longer we wait, the harder it will be. We 
are prosperous now. We are confident now. We should reform Social 
Security to preserve its best characteristics and make sure it will 
survive into the 21st century.
    You have to decide, who do you think you want to do that? And don't 
you want somebody that will come in there and keep the very best of the 
system but have the courage to tell you what changes have to be made 
    The same thing is true of Medicare. We have to do that. It's a big 
challenge. That's why I have said, ``Let's don't spend any of this 
surplus on a spending program or a tax cut that I like, even something I 
would dearly love to do. Let's don't do that until we know we have done 
what is necessary to save Social Security for the 21st century.''
    Now, it's election year. It's popular to say, ``I want to give you a 
tax cut,'' or ``I'm going to give you a new program, and we're going to 
have a surplus, and it's projected to be such and such.'' Well, let me 
tell you, we won't even have the surplus until October 1st. And we've 
been waiting for 29 years to get out of the red. I'd just kind of like 
to look at the black ink for just a few months--[laughter]--before we go 
squander this money that we don't even have yet.
    And I think down deep inside you and every other responsible person 
in Illinois, Republican, Democrat, or independent, knows that's the 
right thing to do. So go out and say, we ought to save Social Security 
first, and you're for that.
    I think everybody in America knows we've got the best system of 
higher education in the world. And one of my proudest achievements as 
President is that, working with the Congress, we've opened the doors 
wider than ever before with the HOPE scholarships, the Pell grants, the 
work-study grants, letting people deduct the interest on their student 
loans, all of the things that we've done.
    No one believes we've got the best elementary and secondary 
education in the world for all our children yet. No one believes that, 
because it's not true. But we need it. And I have given this Congress an 
agenda for smaller classes in the early grades and more teachers and 
modernized schools, whether we're repairing old schools or building new 
ones, and connecting all the classrooms to the Internet and providing 
for better trained teachers and raising standards and trying to support 
things like the mayor's reforms here in Chicago, including more after-
school programs and more summer school programs.
    And that school construction and repair initiative would not be a 
part of my program if it weren't for Carol Moseley-Braun. And it ought 
to pass, and if you reelect her, you'll send a loud message to 
Washington that you believe it ought to. It's an important issue.
    We just glanced over the Patients' Bill of Rights today. You know, 
there are 160 million Americans in managed care. And when Hillary and I 
told the American people we had to find a way, because managed care was 
growing, to allow people to be in managed care to control costs, but we 
ought to make health care affordable and available and quality for all 
Americans, we were attacked by our adversaries, saying we wanted to have 
the Government take over health care.
    I'll tell you something interesting. When they attacked me for that, 
40 cents on the dollar of health care dollars came from public sources. 
Do you know what it is today? Forty-seven cents, not 40. Do you know 
why? Because employers cannot afford to buy health insurance, so they 
don't cover their employees, and more and more people even in the work 
force are eligible for Government-funded programs today.
    But 160 million Americans in Medicare--our Patients' Bill of Rights 
is the next big item on the health care agenda. Why? Because we think

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that it's a good thing to manage health care costs and control them, but 
you ought to be able to go to an emergency room if you get hurt, without 
having to lay there on the gurney. How would you feel if somebody in 
your family were in a car wreck, lying in an emergency room on a gurney, 
and you're trying to call the insurance company to get authorization? We 
believe if somebody needs a specialist, they ought to be able to get a 
specialist. And if the doctor believes that, he ought to be free to say 
so. That's what we believe.
    We believe if a woman is 6 months pregnant and her employer changes 
insurance carriers, she ought not to have to give up her obstetrician 
before the baby's born. Or if somebody is taking chemotherapy and they 
are 80 percent of the way through and the same thing happens, they ought 
to be able to stay with their oncologist until the treatment is over. 
But it doesn't always happen today.
    That's what this Patients' Bill of Rights is about. It's about 
common sense, balancing of the need to control costs on the one hand 
with the need never to forget that the health care of the American 
people comes first. We are for that. We have a few--a very few--
Republicans who are helping, and God bless them, including the physician 
representing the State of Iowa in the House of Representatives, a brave 
man, Congressman Ganske. But the leadership of the other party is 
against this, and what they would do would make it weaker.
    We believe, with all this stuff being computerized, you ought to 
have more privacy in your medical records, not less. And I think most of 
you think that. That's what the Patients' Bill of Rights is about. Carol 
Moseley-Braun is for it; the leadership of the other party is against 
it. On that ground alone you should make sure she gets reelected. This 
is a big battle for how you and your families and your children will 
live in the 21st century.
    I could go right down the list with the environment; with the need 
for us to build one America working together; with the need to provide 
more economic opportunity in inner cities, isolated rural areas where 
there has been no opportunity; and with the need for America to fulfill 
its responsibilities. The Vice President made the remarks about the 
International Monetary Fund and the U.N.
    You know, Reverend Jackson and I and the First Lady and a big 
delegation, we just went to Africa not very long ago. Believe it or not, 
several of those African economies are growing at 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 percent 
a year. They want to buy our products. They want to be our partners. An 
investment there today will pay our children many times over in return 
    All over the world, people still look to us to take the lead to 
stand against the kind of terrorism that we experienced just a few days 
ago; to stand against the kind of racial and ethnic and religious 
hatreds that we see in places like Bosnia, that are the part of the 
process of peace in the Middle East and Northern Ireland.
    And if we want to be a source of peace and freedom and prosperity 
all around the world, then we have to have people who will say in 
Congress, ``I realize it's not free. I'm prepared to invest in it and go 
home to my hometown in the heartland of America and say it's 
    You know why it's important in Illinois? How many people do you 
believe, if you went down to the central part of this State and said, 
``Do you know what the IMF is?'' could give you an answer? Or, ``It's 
the International Monetary Fund; do you know what it does?'' They might 
not know, but here's why it matters. The International Monetary Fund 
provides funds to countries in economic trouble in return for their 
willingness to undertake disciplined steps to improve reform and grow 
their economies. Why does that matter to you? We export half of our 
wheat and our corn--half of it. Forty percent of all of that goes to 
Asia. Today, the exports to Asia are down 30 percent. It's costing the 
farmers of Illinois a pretty penny because there is a deep, profound 
economic crisis in Asia. And that will cost the people who do business 
with the farmers in Illinois a pretty penny.
    But the United States is strong, and we should be leading. We 
shouldn't be looking for excuses not to assume our responsibility. We 
should be leading.
    Now, those are the big things. So I ask you to think big, be big. 
But remember, with every high-flown idea, with every passionate phrase, 
in the end, as Governor Cuomo used to say, you have to turn the poetry 
of a campaign into the prose of daily work. We must turn these 
passionate ideas into action. That's what this administration has been 
about. That's what Carol Moseley-Braun has helped us to do. That's what

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Charles Rangel has helped us to do. That's why I hope you are here.
    And I would implore you to go out of here with a great deal of pride 
and energy and determination. And when somebody asks you, ``Why did you 
go to that Democratic fundraiser?'' you can say, ``Because I'm for 
saving Social Security and Medicare for the 21st century; because I'm 
going to keep working until our schools are the best in the world; 
because I want American health care to be affordable and available and 
quality for all of our citizens; because I want to grow the economy and 
preserve the environment; because I want us to be one America, across 
all the lines that divide us; and because I still believe our best days 
are ahead as long as we're willing to stand up against the terrorists 
and stand up for freedom.''
    Thank you, and God bless you.

Note: The President spoke at 8:35 p.m. in the Atrium at the Chicago 
Historical Society. In his remarks, he referred to Steve Grossman, 
national chair, Democratic National Committee; Mayor Richard M. Daley of 
Chicago; Representative Glenn Poshard, Democratic candidate for Governor 
of Illinois, and his Republican opponent, George H. Ryan, Illinois 
secretary of state; and Mario Cuomo, former Governor of New York.