[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1997, Book II)]
[September 30, 1997]
[Pages 1274-1276]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

Remarks on the Retirement of General John M. Shalikashvili in Arlington, 
September 30, 1997

    Mr. Vice President, Secretary Cohen, Secretary Albright, Secretary 
Gober, National Security Adviser Berger, Director Tenet, General 
McCaffrey; to the Service Secretaries, the Joint Chiefs, the Unified 
Commanders in Chief, Members of Congress, members of our Armed Forces; 
to all the friends of General Shalikashvili who are here today, 
including former Secretary Perry, former Chairmen and members of the 
Joint Chiefs, former officials of the Department of Defense. We all come 
together in grateful tribute to John and Joan Shalikashvili.
    This is, frankly, a bittersweet day for me. I am full of pride but 
also some regret. For the last 4 years, I have counted on Shali for his 
wisdom, his counsel, his leadership. He has become an exceptional 
adviser and a good friend, someone I knew I could always depend upon 
when the lives of our troops or the interests of America were on the 
line. And I will miss him very much.
    General Shali is a great American with a great American story. A 
childhood seared by war, he has given his life to the cause of peace. 
From an immigrant learning English, he has become the shining symbol of 
what America is all about. He's never forgotten what his country gave 
him, nor has he ever stopped giving back to it. His service to our 
Nation, spanning 39 years, rises

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from the ranks of Army private to the highest military office in the 
    Of course, the road even for him has not always been smooth. I am 
told that after a grueling first day at officer candidate school, 
Private John Shali sneaked out of his barracks looking for a place to 
resign. Our Nation can be very grateful that, probably for the only time 
in his entire career, he failed in his mission.
    I am convinced that when future students look upon this time, they 
will rank John Shalikashvili as among the greatest Chairmen of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff America ever had.
    Greatness is something that cannot be bestowed like a medal, a 
ribbon, a star. It cannot be taught or bought. It comes in the end only 
from within. General Shali has said that the three indispensable traits 
of a great leader are competence, care, and character. He ought to know; 
he embodies them.
    His competence shines in the sterling record of innovation and 
achievement, managing the downsizing of our forces while upgrading their 
capability and readiness; upholding the most rigorous standards for the 
use of those forces in the world, where threats to our survival have 
faded but threats to our interests and values have not; dramatically 
improving joint doctrine and training and taking joint planning far into 
the future for the very first time; and of course, helping bring Europe 
together at last in liberty, democracy, and peace.
    One of the proudest moments of my Presidency was standing with Shali 
in Warsaw as we celebrated NATO's enlargement and welcomed the people of 
his original homeland back home to the family of freedom.
    And if the baseline measure of a Chairman's competence is successful 
military operations, Shali has filled a resume that would turn others 
olive drab with envy. In the last 4 years, our troops have been tested 
in more than 40 operations. From Bosnia to Haiti, the Taiwan Straits, 
Iraq, Rwanda, Liberia, and more, our Armed Forces have performed 
superbly with Shali at the helm. Our troops trust him because they know 
how much he cares for them. They have seen that caring in his constant 
contact with our service men and women, in the way he warms their hearts 
with his pride in them, in the humility, the honesty, the graciousness, 
the respect he always shows to others, in the wonderful way he listens, 
even to bearers of bad news.
    Our troops know that he never expects their gratitude or applause, 
but he does want to sharpen their capabilities, improve their welfare, 
and lift their morale, and in his most important duty, to make sure that 
whenever they go into danger, the planning is superb, the risks are 
minimized, and every reasonable measure is taken to ensure their success 
and safe return.
    For Shali, caring transcends our obligations even to one another. He 
believes in America's unique ability to help others around the world, 
sheltering freedom, defending democracy, relieving fear and despair. He 
knows that what sets our troops apart is not just their courage, 
strength, and skills, but also the ideals they serve, the hope they 
inspire, the spirit they represent.
    As some may recall, during the crisis in Haiti, Shali visited with 
refugees in the camps, observing and listening with quiet understanding, 
the quiet understanding of one who had also been in that position. And 
he ordered improvements to make those camps as comfortable as possible, 
to alleviate boredom and brighten hopes and bring toys to the children 
at Christmas. That story also revealed something about his character, a 
clear sense of what is right and wrong, a man whose conscience is always 
his guide.
    I'll miss a lot of things about Shali, but perhaps most of all I'll 
miss the integrity he always displayed in being my closest military 
adviser. In every conversation we ever had, he never minced words; he 
never postured or pulled punches; he never shied away from tough issues 
or tough calls; and most important, he never shied away from doing what 
he believed was the right thing. On more than one occasion--many more 
than one occasion--he looked at me, and I could see the pain in his eyes 
that he couldn't tell me what I wanted to hear and what he wished he 
could say, but with a clear and firm voice and a direct, piercing gaze, 
he always told me exactly what he thought the truth was. No President 
could ever ask for more.
    Shali has had the support of a proud and dedicated family: his son, 
Brant; his brother, himself a distinguished Green Beret veteran; his 
sister; and of course, there are his dogs. I understand they are the 
only living creatures who have never obeyed his orders. [Laughter]
    And most importantly, there is Joan. Joan, you have been a terrific 
support for our men and women in uniform. They know you are always 
looking out for them and their families.

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From around the corner to around the world, you were the Chairman's 
personal inspector general when it came to how families are cared for. 
No one had more commitment, a better eye, or a bigger heart. And we 
thank you.
    General, very soon now you and Joan will be settling into your new 
home in Washington State. You can tuck your uniform into a drawer. You 
can carry an umbrella. [Laughter] You can even grow a beard. Maybe 
you'll actually even open that hardware store you have been talking 
about. I don't know if you know the first thing about power tools and 
mixing paint, but the brand you have to offer is the top of the line.
    Our Nation is safer, our Armed Forces are stronger, and our world is 
a better place because of your service. Thank you for all you have done. 
God bless you, and Godspeed.

Note: The President spoke at 12:06 p.m. at Fort Myer.