[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1995, Book II)]
[August 26, 1995]
[Pages 1267-1271]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

[[Page 1267]]

Remarks on the 75th Anniversary of Women's Suffrage in Jackson Hole, 
August 26, 1995

    Thank you very much. Thank you very much, I think, Hillary. 
[Laughter] In my own defense, I brought these boots home about 10 years 
ago, and the shine has kind of come off of them now. [Laughter] They 
don't wake anybody at night anymore.
    I want to thank Rosemary Shockley and all the representatives and 
guests of the women's organizations who are here who put this wonderful 
event together. I want to thank the wonderful people who work for the 
Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Parks for making this an incredible 
vacation for our family. We have had a wonderful couple of days.
    Yesterday we were up in Yellowstone, and I remarked that I had had a 
lot of incredible things happen to me in my life, but in spite of that, 
if anybody had ever told me that within the space of about 8 minutes I 
would be feeding bison to wolves and then would be hailed on in August--
[laughter]--or as one of the park rangers said, this is ``hail on the 
Chief''--[laughter]--I would never have believed it. So this has been an 
incredible thing for me, and I'm so profoundly grateful to everybody 
here in Wyoming who has made our vacation so wonderful.
    I'm glad to be here for this occasion. I was thinking how amazing it 
is that a State like Wyoming would be the first place, the first 
democracy anywhere in the world to give women the right to vote. And 
maybe it was because the men were more secure here than they were other 
places at the time. [Laughter] But for whatever reason, it was a very 
good thing.
    I have always been interested in these issues because, as Hillary 
said, I was born to a working mother in the 1940's and raised by a 
working grandmother in the 1940's. So my mother and my grandmother were 
both working 50 years or so ago, just 25 years after women were given 
the right to vote in the country as a whole.
    I'd like to say a word, if I might, at the beginning about this 
world conference on women. I'm glad the First Lady is going to lead our 
delegation. And you heard her describe the delegation. They come from 
all walks of life, from different political parties and religions, and 
they disagree about a lot of things. But they do agree that if you look 
at the world and imagine what the future is going to be like and if you 
believe as I do that more and more the fate of Americans--even in 
landlocked States like Wyoming and Arkansas, where I grew up and lived 
until I became President--will be caught up in the fate of what happens 
to people all around the world, we must have a common agreement that we 
need a united front for treating women all over the world with dignity 
and respect and giving them opportunities in the family and education 
and in the workplace.
    We can't imagine what it's like in America because of the progress 
being made in this country by women, but there are still places where 
women babies are more likely to be--little girl babies are more likely 
to be killed just because they are little girls. There are countries in 
the world today that have a huge imbalance in the number of males and 
females because the little girls are killed at birth because they're not 
thought to have sufficient value.
    There are still countries in the world that try to force women not 
to have children, and that's something we can't imagine in this country, 
where that's the most profound right that women have in the family. 
There are still countries in the world where a young bride can be burned 
if her family can't come up with the dowry or won't come up with a 
little more. There are still places in the world that are held in abject 
poverty because women who are entrepreneurial and creative and willing 
to work don't have a chance even to borrow what would be a pittance in 
America to start a little business to ply their trades and work their 
    And all of this will affect us because we're going to live in a 
global economy. And if we want to trade with the rest of the world and 
promote democracy and freedom with the rest of the world, then, 
obviously, we need to be working with people who are trying to unleash 
the potential of every citizen in their country. And we believe that's 
the only thing that works here in America.
    One of the most troubling things to me about our politics today in 
America is that everything gets turned into just another version of the 

[[Page 1268]]

old political fight, and all these issues seem to be torn like Silly 
Putty into extremes. So now there's this huge effort in America to try 
to convince the American people that this conference is somehow anti-
family and that we're sending some sort of radical delegation there. 
Why? Not because it's true, but because it furthers the almost 
addictive, almost narcotic drive among some elements in our society to 
take every single issue and use it as a cause for division among our 
people when we need to be more united.
    This conference is going to talk about education and domestic 
violence and grassroots economics, employment, health care, political 
participation. It's going to talk about a lot of things we take for 
granted here in this country that we think if everybody had access to it 
around the world we'd be a lot better off. And however anyone might try 
to paint this conference, the truth is it is true-blue to families, to 
supporting them, to conserving them, to valuing them.
    And I want you to know that I think America will have some things to 
learn from this conference as well. And we don't intend to walk away 
from it when it's over. I'm going to establish an interagency council on 
women to make sure that all the effort and the good ideas actually get 
implemented when we come back home.
    I have declared this day Women's Equality Day because there is so 
much to celebrate and so much still to do. All around the country, as 
I'm sure you know, there are events commemorating this important 
anniversary, but no place has a better claim to it than Wyoming, for all 
the reasons that Hillary said.
    The suffragists left us a living legacy and a continuing challenge. 
The legacy is full citizenship for our mothers, our sisters, our 
daughters. The continuing challenge is to honor that legacy by using 
these privileges to lead our Nation in the right direction.
    The vote for women came at the end of an enormous philosophical war. 
Some of the things said kind of remind me about what people are saying 
about this conference on women now. It was bloodless, but it was highly 
costly. It literally consumed the lives of thousands of American women 
who were dedicated to gaining the right to vote. The dividends that were 
won we are still reaping today.
    But remember what the opponents said about that. The opponents said 
that allowing women the vote would mean a disaster for our Nation; it 
would destroy our families; it would end all distinctions between the 
sexes. [Laughter] Happily, they were wrong on all counts. [Laughter] But 
the arguments then and the arguments you hear about this conference on 
women today, they illustrate one of Clinton's laws of politics, which is 
that the American people have one peculiarity: they're all for change in 
general, but a lot of them are against it in particular. [Laughter]
    I remember back in 1993 when I was trying to get Congress to enact 
my deficit reduction program that would also have lowered taxes on 
working families with children and increased our investment in education 
and technology, and the people who wouldn't vote for it said it would 
mean the end of the American economy. It would bring on a great 
recession. It would just be a disaster. It would be the end of 
everything good and true about America. A bunch of those folks are 
running for President today. [Laughter]
    So it turned out that the results of that program were that we 
reduced the deficit from $290 billion to $160 billion. We got about 
halfway home toward our goal of balancing the budget before anything is 
done this year. We got 7 million new jobs, 2\1/2\ million new 
homeowners, 1\1/2\ million new small businesses, the largest number in 
American history, the stock market at 4,700, and things are rocking 
along pretty good. And they still say it was just the worst thing that 
ever happened. Everybody is for change in general, but it's difficult to 
get people to do the particular things to achieve those changes. I think 
that's important to remember.
    Somehow, by some magic of harmony with this beautiful nature behind 
me and a sense of self-confidence and fairness, men who were in the 
decisionmaking process in Wyoming found the self-confidence and the 
innate fairness, without regard to their other partisan or philosophical 
differences, to say it doesn't make sense to have half our folks not 
have the right to vote. And that's a great tribute to the people of 
Wyoming. It led directly to the passage of the 19th amendment, without 
which none of these other things would have happened.
    And of course, as Hillary already said as she introduced the 
survivors here of that remarkable slate of women who swept the elections 
in Jackson in 1920--I thought that was an incredible thing, and I liked 
it a lot until I read that one of the women actually defeated her own

[[Page 1269]]

husband. [Laughter] Those guys have even more self-confidence than I do 
when it came to that. [Laughter]
    If you think about it, it's interesting, women have always had great 
symbolic importance in our country's democracy. Our greatest symbols for 
justice and liberty are women. Think about it, a woman holding the 
scales of justice, blindfolded; the Statue of Liberty holding a torch. 
One promises fairness; the other, freedom.
    We are a country that, more than anything else, is still around 
after all this time because we kept expanding the boundaries of fairness 
and freedom, because we never listened to not only the naysayers among 
us but also the naysayers in our own spirits, for each of us, inside, 
every day wakes up with the scales balanced between hope and fear. And 
somehow we've always found the magic balance to go forward for fairness 
and freedom.
    Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Esther 
Morris, Carrie Chapman Catt, they helped to achieve that. Mother Jones 
fought to end child labor. Sojourner Truth fought to end discrimination 
and to establish social justice. My friend Rosa Parks set in motion the 
civil rights movement by simply refusing to sit in the wrong place on a 
bus. A lot of ordinary women all over this country, decade after decade 
after decade, have worked to advance the cause of fairness and freedom.
    When we look back on them from the vantage point of the present, 
it's hard to imagine that as recently as 1920 American women couldn't 
vote. The suffragists had a lot of vision. They knew that the vote would 
be an opening, a door through which women could help to direct our 
Government to where it should be and with which women could stand behind 
issues that would make their families stronger and their children's 
lives better.
    When you look back, it seems remarkable that all this has happened 
in the last 75 years. Now, more and more women are completing higher and 
higher levels of education, entering fields which were closed to them 
not so long ago. Every time I visit a Federal facility, every time I go 
to these national parks, I marvel at how many of the park rangers are 
    We just celebrated, Hillary and I did, a milestone in the progress 
to erect a memorial in Washington to the women who are veterans of our 
wars. And I was so proud to be able to say at this ceremony that in the 
2\1/2\ years I have been President, we have opened more than 250,000 
positions in the United States military to women that were closed just 
2\1/2\ years ago.
    In the last 3 years, the Small Business Administration in our 
administration has cut its budget by 40 percent, almost doubled its loan 
volume, and increased loans to women entrepreneurs by 85 percent. We're 
not at 50 percent yet, but I have six women in my Cabinet, twice the 
number of any previous administration, and over one-third of our 
Presidential appointees and about one-third of the new Federal judges 
appointed in the last 2\1/2\ years are women. Women are beginning to 
participate more fully throughout this country in the life of America. 
And so far as I know, the sky is not falling anywhere. [Laughter]
    We also have to recognize that the people who were against the right 
to vote for women were wrong when they said this would abolish all 
differences between the sexes. And some of the differences that still 
exist are not such good ones. We know that women are still, in peculiar 
ways, more vulnerable to violence, and we have established a violence 
against women section in the Department of Justice which is doing 
exemplary work. And the former Attorney General of Iowa, Bonnie 
Campbell, heads that, and she is also going to the women's conference.
    We have tried to do a lot of work to see that our national medical 
research focuses more on the health concerns of women. I was stunned 
when I started running for President, I never knew before how women had 
been systematically left out of a lot of the research efforts in the 
health area, particularly areas relating to cancer. And so we have done 
a lot of work to make sure that in medical research and treatment, with 
heart disease, cancer, AIDS, and other diseases, women are more fully 
represented in the testing protocols and the research to make sure that 
we do what we ought to do.
    Hillary has launched a national campaign to try to increase the use 
of mammograms which will help in the early detection and the saving of 
thousands of lives. And I hope it will be ever more successful.
    As you look ahead, I ask you to think about what is the agenda for 
women and for families, for more than any other people in our society, 
women have always carried on the struggle to find both personal 
fulfillment and still fulfill the social obligation of maintaining 
strong families

[[Page 1270]]

and giving our children a better chance. And I think now that's what we 
want for all Americans.
    If you look at the American economy today, the truth is that most 
people don't have the option not to work. For those who do, I applaud 
them for any decision they choose to make because the most important 
thing in our society is still raising children and doing a good job of 
it. That is still the first and most important job of our society.
    But if you look at this world toward which we are moving, the 21st 
century, the way we work and live is changing dramatically. And we are 
in a big, huge debate today, not just in Washington but in every State 
in the country, about how we're going to reestablish common ground, how 
can we agree on the basic things we have to do to enable our people to 
succeed, first and foremost, in raising their children, secondly, in 
being successful in the workplace, and thirdly, in preserving our 
freedom and our way of life. Those will be the great challenges, the new 
family values challenges for the 21st century. And we have to ask and 
answer those questions.
    If I might, let me just suggest a few things that I think are quite 
important if we are going to extol family values and give women a chance 
to live up to the fullest of their God-given capacities as we move into 
this next century.
    First of all, we've got to say, it is the policy of the United 
States of America for people to be able to succeed as parents and as 
workers. It is the policy of the United States for people to be able to 
succeed. In that sense, perhaps the most important law I've signed since 
becoming President is the first one, the family and medical leave law. 
The people--again everybody was for change in general but against it in 
particular. People got up and gave the awfullest speeches you ever heard 
about that law. They said it would mean the end of the free enterprise 
system, businesses would go bankrupt, stores would be boarded up 
    We have no instance, not a single one, of a business going bankrupt 
because of the family and medical leave law. But there are a whole lot 
of people out there who can take a little time off from work when their 
children are sick--sometimes their children are dying--without losing 
their job. And that's a good thing. There are women who can take time 
off from work to deal with their own illnesses without losing their 
health insurance and thereby losing their ability to work, because of 
that law. So I think that's a part of our family values agenda.
    If you look at the family values agenda, you have to say in the 
world toward which we are moving the level of education people have 
determines their income and their capacity to earn more than ever before 
in American history. So I think giving every child a good start in 
school and guaranteeing everybody the right to go to college with an 
affordable college loan, preserving programs like the national service 
program that allows people to work their way through college, giving 
every unemployed person in the country the right to what I call a ``GI 
bill'' for America's workers, a voucher that they can take to the 
nearest community college so that they can get retrained when they lose 
their jobs, these are family value issues that will profoundly affect 
the women of our country and their ability to do well in the future.
    I think immunizing all the children in this country is a pretty 
important family values issue. I think we ought to keep going until 
we've got the job done. I think we ought to recognize that, yes, we have 
to slow the rate of inflation in Medicare and Medicaid, but we shouldn't 
forget that if we want our working people to be able to educate their 
children, then we ought not to cut Medicare and Medicaid so much that 
they will undermine the ability of middle class people to have their 
parents get the care they need and undermine senior citizens' ability to 
get that kind of care.
    Let me make it clear: I believe balancing the budget is a family 
values issue. I think it--this year--this year, we would have a surplus 
in the budget but for the interest run up on the debt accumulated in the 
12 years before I showed up in Washington. This is a big issue.
    Next year, interest on the debt will be bigger than the defense 
budget. We're worried about getting an adequate budget for the parks 
here. We're worried about getting an adequate budget for education. No 
American has a stake in a permanent deficit. That also is a family 
values issue; lifting the burden of this awful debt off of our children 
is a family values issue. But we can do it without breaking Medicare and 
bankrupting the ability of middle class families to know that their 
parents can get the health care they need while they educate their 
children. We can do both, but we must do both. It's not an either-or 

[[Page 1271]]

    I think maintaining what you see behind me is a family values issue, 
and making it available for all the American people. And I think being 
willing to honestly confront some of the most difficult conflicts in our 
society where short-term economic gain will cause a heavy price over the 
long run is also an important part of our maturing as a country.
    And let me just mention one issue, a difficult one. Everybody told 
me that I--all my political advisers told me I had taken leave of my 
senses when I said it was time to stop walking away from the terrible 
health consequences of teenage smoking. But I believe the United States 
is right to say this is a children's disease. Kids are being addicted, 
3,000 kids a day start smoking, 1,000 of them, 1,000 of them, will have 
their lives shortened as a result of it. I think that is a family values 
issue, and we should take it and face it together.
    So if we're going to do this, it is important that we remember the 
kind of self-confidence that was demonstrated in Wyoming when women got 
the right to vote. It is important that men and women, with all their 
differences, political and otherwise, have the level of self-confidence 
to sit down and say, America is still a great big family. Like every 
great big family, there's a whole lot of differences, and there's always 
going to be a whole lot of argument, and we're always going to be 
looking at some of our family members cross-eyed, like we do our second 
cousin that we wish wouldn't show up to the reunion. [Laughter] But 
there are limits to the extent to which we can demonize one another. 
We've got to treat each other with respect and work through these 
    And if we really want the day when women will become full partners 
in the decisionmaking process in America--and we believe that's a good 
thing, and we want to face these issues which will determine whether we 
go into the 21st century with the American dream alive and well and the 
American community strong and together--we have got to have that level 
of self-confidence. We have got to remember that every time, every time 
we have faced the choice between going forward with freedom or fairness, 
two things symbolized by women, we have had to deal with the demon of 
insecurity in our country and even inside.
    And we have heard all these proclamations, all these Chicken Little 
proclamations that every change we make--that we knew we ought to make 
would cause the sky to fall. And we're still around after almost 220 
years because somehow, someway when it came time to make the decision, 
we decided Chicken Little was wrong.
    Blind justice was right; the Statue of Liberty was right; and the 
kind of self-confidence displayed by the people of Wyoming when they led 
the world in giving women the right to vote was right. It was right 
then, and it still is.
    Thank you, and God bless you.

Note: The President spoke at approximately 11:30 a.m. at Jackson Lake 
Lodge on the 75th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th amendment 
to the Constitution. In his remarks, he referred to Rosemary Shockley, 
president, League of Women Voters of Wyoming.