[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1995, Book I)]
[February 4, 1995]
[Pages 161-163]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

The President's Radio Address
February 4, 1995

    Good morning. This week marked the completion of 2 full years of 
economic reports during our administration. Since I took office 2 years 
ago, nearly 6 million new jobs have come into our economy. The 
unemployment rate has dropped more than 20 percent. Nineteen ninety-four 
was the best year for economic growth in 10 years in the United States. 
And the combined rates of unemployment and inflation are the lowest 
they've been in 25 years.
    Ninety-three percent of our new jobs are in the private sector. 
That's the highest percentage of private sector jobs created in any 
administration in 50 years and 8 times as many each month as were 
created during the 4 years before I took office. The majority of these 
jobs are in higher wage occupations. And while the economy lost 2 
million manufacturing jobs in the 12 years before I took office, we've 
gained back 300,000 of those manufacturing jobs in the 17

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months since our economic plan went into effect.
    I'm proud of this record. But I am very aware that far too many 
Americans have not benefited from this economic recovery. It used to be 
that a rising tide did lift all boats. From the end of World War II 
until the late 1970's, the incomes of all Americans rose steadily 
together. But since then, too many Americans are working harder and not 
getting ahead. Since 1979, the top 20 percent of our country has done 
quite well. But incomes from the rest of us have barely grown at all, or 
have actually dropped.
    Why has this happened? Pressures from the new global economy and the 
constant demand for new skills put a huge premium on education and 
training and make it harder and harder for people without the necessary 
skills to compete for rising incomes. This has had an impact on nearly 
every one of our families, making it harder to guarantee job security, 
harder to get a raise.
    That's why we push so hard to improve educational opportunities, 
including college loans for middle class people that are more affordable 
and easier to pay back. That's why I've proposed the middle class bill 
of rights which will increase income in the short and long runs by 
cutting taxes and promoting education and training, by giving a tax 
deduction for the cost of education after high school, by letting people 
withdraw tax-free from their IRA's for education costs, by making 
available to lower wage workers and unemployed people cash vouchers of 
up to $2,600 a year for more training.
    But even as we help Americans to gain the tools they need to compete 
and to raise their incomes, we have to reward their work by improving 
the wages of people who work full-time. I've worked hard to get higher 
paying jobs into our country through trade and increased investments and 
technology, but we have to do more. If we're really going to honor work, 
we have to show that anyone who takes responsibility and works full-time 
can support a family and can live in dignity.
    Those are the values at the heart of the New Covenant I've talked 
about for the last 3 years. Our job is to create opportunity for those 
who take responsibility to work hard and lift themselves up. Those are 
the values that have always sustained us and kept us a great nation.
    That's why we fought so hard for the earned-income tax credit in 
1993, a working family tax cut for 15 million families with incomes 
under $26,000. And that's why I now call on Congress to raise the 
minimum wage 90 cents, to $5.15 an hour, over the 2 years. In terms of 
real buying power, the minimum wage will be at a 40-year low next year 
if we don't increase it above where it is now at $4.25 an hour.
    As I told the Congress, already just this year, in one month of 
work, Members of Congress have earned more than full-time minimum wage 
workers earn all year long. Nobody can live on $4.25 an hour, and yet 
2.5 million Americans are working for just that amount, and many of them 
have children to feed. Millions more are just above the minimum wage.
    The only way to strengthen the middle class and shrink the under 
class is to ensure that hard work pays. Increasing the minimum wage is 
an important part of our strategy to do that. Congress is considering 
other economic strategies now as well. The test for all of these ideas 
should be: Do they reward work? Do they grow the middle class and shrink 
the under class? Do they build economic opportunity in America?
    I believe, for example, if we're really serious about welfare 
reform, increasing the minimum wage will plainly help. More than 
anything, I want to give a genuine bipartisan welfare reform effort the 
best chance it can to produce a bill that we can all be proud of, a bill 
that will encourage work and responsible parenting and independence. But 
welfare reform can't possibly succeed unless the people we expect to 
leave welfare and go to work are rewarded for their labors.
    In 1990 Congress raised the minimum wage, just as I propose to do, 
45 cents a year for 2 years. Then, overwhelming majorities in both 
Houses with majority support from both political parties did that.
    If in 1990 a Republican President and a Democratic Congress could 
get that job done, surely in 1995 a Republican Congress and a Democratic 
President can do the same, to uphold the value of hard work for the 
American people.
    Thanks for listening.

Note: The address was recorded at 1:30 p.m. on February 3 in the Oval 
Office at the White House for broadcast at 10:06 a.m. on February 4.

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