[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1994, Book II)]
[October 3, 1994]
[Pages 1690-1695]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

[[Page 1690]]

Remarks at a Victory Dinner for Senator Charles S. Robb in Vienna, 
October 3, 1994

    Thank you so much for that wonderful welcome. Thank you, Senator 
Robb, and thank you, Lynda, for the years of friendship and the years of 
service, the years of wise counsel and the years of shared joy, and all 
the rest of it that goes along with this work.
    Congressman Moran and Congressman Scott, I'm delighted to see you 
here tonight. Lieutenant Governor Beyer, you gave a magnificent talk, 
and I thank you for what you said about your Senator and your President. 
I'm sure neither of us will ever forget it. Thank you, Mark Warner, for 
your work here. And Senator, I think one of your colleagues is here; I 
think Senator Daschle is here from South Dakota. Are you here? Stand up. 
[Applause] Thank you.
    Ladies and gentlemen, this is a special day for me and for Hillary 
and for our family and close friends. It was 3 years ago today that I 
announced my candidacy for President. I was trying today, in the midst 
of meeting with the Vice Premier of China and the Foreign Minister of 
Israel and the Crown Prince of Jordan and dealing with a lot of our 
domestic issues, I was trying hard to remember exactly how I felt on 
October 3, 1991, in front of the Old State House in Little Rock. I know 
one thing: My mama was the only person there who thought I had a chance 
to win. And I don't think she was so sure. [Laughter] The incumbent 
President was at over 70 percent approval in all the polls, and most 
people though it was a fool's errand. But I thought that the race was 
worth making, no matter what the outcome, because at least I would never 
have to explain to my child why I didn't do my part to sound the alarm 
about what I thought was going on in America.
    It was all part, really, of what I had been working on for several 
years before I ran for President, part of a political heritage that I 
shared with people like Chuck Robb and Tom Daschle, who's from South 
Dakota, a place that makes Arkansas look like a metropolitan center. 
[Laughter] I say that to make this point: Several years ago Chuck and I 
and a number of others helped to found a group called the Democratic 
Leadership Council, after the Democrats just kept on getting beat in the 
Presidential race. We did it with two goals in mind, and both of them 
are important and both of them bear directly on the choices Americans 
face in this election and especially on the choice Americans have here 
in Virginia.
    The first thing we wanted to do was to broaden the base and change 
the rhetoric and the substance of a lot of the policies of the 
Democratic Party. We thought we had been typecast too much as the big 
Government, pro-tax, Government-can-solve-all-the problems party. We 
needed to broaden our base and prove that we could spend tax money with 
discipline, grow the economy, be tough on crime, and bring the American 
people together across regional and racial and party lines, and move the 
country forward. Instead of always having a left-right argument, in a 
time of transition you need to be moving ahead.
    The second thing we wanted to do is equally important. We wanted to 
challenge people in the other party to do the same thing. We were sick 
and tired of seeing the other party be rewarded in national elections 
primarily for their ability to talk rather than to act, primarily for 
their ability to turn us into aliens instead of tell the people of the 
country what they were for. And they are very good at that, I know.
    And so we began to work on that. And to me, that's what the 1992 
campaign was all about. I knew at the end of the cold war, we were in 
danger of squandering our opportunities, of not meeting the challenges 
of the 21st century, of raising the first generation of children not to 
do better than their parents. I also felt then, and I feel even more 
strongly today, that the best days of this country are still before us; 
this is by far the strongest country in the world; that if we can learn 
how to live together in harmony and take responsibility for our problems 
and listen to each other instead of scream at each other, we can take 
our challenges one by one and take this country into the next century 
with the greatest era of peace and prosperity and opportunity for all 
our people the world has ever known.

[[Page 1691]]

    We face in this election many dilemmas. But there are two we can't 
do anything about except to address. The first is one to which Senator 
Robb alluded. We are living in a time of historic change. The cold war 
is over. Shimon Peres, the brilliant Foreign Minister of Israel, said to 
me today, he said, ``It is a great challenge you face, Mr. President, in 
foreign policy, where the American people have to now stop thinking 
about the threat of immediate destruction and start thinking responsibly 
about just dealing with their problems, because if you don't deal with 
your problems, then eventually your security will be threatened again.''
    Similarly here at home, we have to deal with the realities of a new 
global economy where what we earn depends largely on what we learn; 
where the average 18-year-old will change jobs six times in a lifetime; 
and where, with all of our strengths, we still have to confront a 
bewildering array of problems. And whenever a country goes through a 
period of change, it's just like when a person goes through a period of 
change. I ask each of you tonight to think about that when you think 
about the state of the American people's mind in this election. Think 
about the first day you ever went to school or the first day you went to 
college or the first day you showed up for your first job or the first 
day you started your first business or the day you got married or the 
day your first child was born. Those are all good things, but I'll bet 
you anything you were scared to death, if you were really thinking about 
    And these are good things. If you think about the other challenges 
you faced--were you going to get fired, were you going to go broke, what 
was it like in the line of fire, what was it like when you had your 
first crisis in your family--whenever you go through a period of great 
change, inside you, hope and fear are at war. It's almost as if you had 
a big scale inside, and every day hope and fear--hope would be one side, 
fear would be on the other, and every day they'd be in a little bit 
different balance until you actually get through the period of change 
and things level out.
    That is where we are today. And we are at midcourse in this term the 
American people gave me, where we have made a terrific start on our 
country's problems but a lot of people have not felt it yet. That is 
compounded today by the fact that the other party, being relieved of 
power in the Presidency, has gone back to what it does best, which is to 
talk instead of do, to blame instead of to assume responsibility, to 
divide instead of unite, to play on fear instead of hope. So they try to 
turn the President or the Senator from Virginia into an alien in the 
minds of ordinary voters and hope they can clog the information channels 
enough so that that will guarantee that in the scales inside us all, 
fear will outweigh hope on election day, and we will actually do that 
which we do not wish to do: We will make a choice which will undermine 
the very path which we wish to walk.
    Now, I have to tell you, folks, we have done a lot of things in the 
last 20 months. It doesn't solve all the problems, but we've made a good 
start. We have made a good start. And I ask you to see this Senate race 
not just in the terms that Mr. Robb presented them but in these terms. 
We have had 30 years of social problems building up in this country: the 
breakdown of the family, the rise of crime, the rise of drugs, the rise 
of gangs, the loss of opportunity in many of our inner cities and our 
rural areas, a whole generation of children being raised without the 
kind of discipline and love they needed to grow up to be productive 
citizens. For 30 years that has been coming.
    We have had 20 years of serious economic problems where, when the 
economy was booming or when it was sinking, wages of hourly wage earners 
tended to be stagnant, and people had to change jobs more and more, and 
those who would work hard but didn't have high levels of skills were 
having to struggle just to hold on to their income. That has been 
developing for 20 years.
    We had 12 years where we tried it their way, where they talked tough 
but acted soft, where they tried to pretend to be so strong--and they 
were very good at it--but they just really told us what we wanted to 
hear. They cursed the deficit and quadrupled the debt. They lambasted 
Government, but they didn't shrink it; they got all their friends in 
Government jobs as quick as they could. They talked about investment and 
free enterprise, but they tried to spur economic growth by massive 
deficit spending instead of by investment and productivity.
    We have had 20 months to deal with 30 years of social problems, 20 
years of economic problems, and 12 years of trickle-down. And here is 
what has happened in 20 months: We have made a good start on the 
economy; we have made a good start on crime; we have made

[[Page 1692]]

a good start on making Government work for ordinary Americans. Our 
economic strategy involved bringing the deficit down, increasing 
investment in education and training and new technologies, expanding 
trade, and trying to empower individuals and communities to grow.
    You tell me how it's worked. We've had more trade expansion in the 
last year and a half than in any comparable period in 35 years. The 
economic plan for which Chuck Robb has been criticized for voting had 
$255 billion in spending cuts; the biggest deficit reduction package in 
history; a tax increase, a rate increase, yes, on the top 1.2 percent of 
the American people, including most of you in this room, and I thank you 
for staying here. [Laughter] But you can take some pride in knowing that 
every red cent went to reduce the deficit, not for new spending.
    That economic plan also made 90 percent of the small businesses in 
this country eligible for a tax cut. It made 15 million working 
families, including 330,000 working families in Virginia who were 
working hard, raising children, and still hovering just above the 
poverty line, eligible for an income tax cut so that they would never 
have any incentive to give up work and go into welfare, and so instead 
we would reward their being good parents and good workers.
    That's what that plan did. That plan made 20 million Americans 
eligible for lower interest, longer repayment on their college loan so 
that no young person again should ever decline to go to college because 
of the cost, because now if you want, you can pay back that loan over 25 
years as a percentage of your income with a lower interest rate than 
used to be available. That's what that economic plan did, 600,000 people 
in Virginia alone eligible for that. That is what Chuck Robb pleads 
guilty to voting for.
    Now, what did they say would happen if we passed our plan? They said 
the sky would fall. They said the economy would come to an end. All 
their leaders in the United States Senate said the deficit would go up, 
the economy would go down, things would be terrible. That is what they 
said. And what has happened: 4.3 million new jobs in 20 months, 93 
percent of them in the private sector; 3 years of deficit reduction in a 
row for the first time since Harry Truman was President; the United 
States was rated number one of all the countries in the world in 
productivity by the annual vote of international economists for the 
first time in 9 years; and after they have cursed the Government, lo and 
behold, it was the Democrats that shrunk the Government. There are 
70,000 fewer people working for the Federal establishment than there 
were on the day I was inaugurated. And under our law, there will be 
270,000 fewer 4 years from now. That is our record, and it is a good 
    And 100 percent of them voted against it. That was their response. I 
was told the first week I came here--I came here with the philosophy I 
just explained; Chuck Robb, we had this philosophy. He lost his position 
on a budget committee because he was for bigger deficit reduction. He 
wasn't some clone of the Democratic establishment; he stood up to 
everybody. Even when I presented this program, he said, ``Well, I'll 
vote for it, but you ought to cut it more.'' That was our philosophy.
    You know what I was told the first week I got here by the leader of 
the other party in the Senate? ``Well, you'll have to pass this without 
a single Republican vote. In either House you won't get a vote. And it 
doesn't matter how you change it, because we want to be in a position to 
condemn you if you fail. And if you succeed, we will obscure it by just 
reminding people that you raised taxes. And even if you just raised them 
on the wealthiest Americans, we'll convince everybody you did it to 
everybody.'' That's what I was told the first week I got here. I said, 
what happened to all this bipartisan cooperation? What happened to this 
90-day honeymoon I was promised? What happened to all these words that I 
kept hearing? But we did it anyway, and we made a good beginning. We 
made a good beginning.
    Now we come to the crime bill. Everybody says it's the biggest 
problem in America. The crime bill puts 100,000 police on the street; 
builds 100,000 jail cells to hold violent criminals; has the power to 
remake communities with community-based--not bureaucracies--community-
based programs to prevent crime from occurring in the first place, that 
the law enforcement community of this country demanded be in that crime 
bill. It did ban assault weapons. And it did pass, in spite of the 
brutal efforts of leaders in the other party to defeat it.
    Now, here's what you may not remember. When they talked about Chuck 
Robb and the assault weapons ban--let me just remind you of something. 
Late last year this crime bill, in only a slightly different form, 
passed 95 to 4,

[[Page 1693]]

and the Republicans voted for it 42 to 2 in the United States Senate. It 
had the assault weapons ban in it. It had prevention programs in it. The 
only reason it didn't cost quite as much is it was a 4\1/2\-year bill 
instead of a 6-year bill. But in all the years that this crime bill has 
in common with the bill that was passed last year, they voted for a bill 
that had more prevention funds per year in it than the one they voted 
against. And they called it ``pork''--the funds, the programs they had 
already voted for, the programs many of them had cosponsored. It went 
from 42 to 2 for, to 6 to 38 against. Why? Because they were told that 
the job they had to do in the Senate was no longer to lower the crime 
rate in America, to make the American people safer; the job they had to 
do was to defeat the Democratic President and the Democrats in Congress. 
That is not what I came to Washington to do; I came to try to help you 
be safer.
    But we've still made a good start on crime. And we've made a good 
start in making Government work for ordinary people. I already mentioned 
we passed a bill to reduce the size of the Federal Government by 270,000 
and give all the money back to local communities to fight crime. We're 
bringing the deficit down. We're making Government work again in all 
kinds of interesting ways. The Small Business Administration finally has 
a director in Erskine Bowles, whom I just brought into the White House, 
but for the last 2 years--he spent his whole life starting small 
businesses. So, lo and behold, he wasn't a politician over there, like 
what you usually have; he was a guy who was used to starting small 
businesses. So, now, you can go to the SBA, and if you want a loan, you 
can fill out a one-page form instead of one that's 100 pages long, and 
you get an answer in 3 days, yes or no. That's not the Government that 
started it.
    I'm about to sign a procurement bill that will put an end to $10 
ashtrays and $80 hammers and all that stuff you've been hearing about. 
You may not have heard about it because it passed quietly, but we passed 
a bill that will reform all the purchasing practices of the Government. 
The things, in other words, that people who were alienated from 
Government and who voted for Ross Perot wanted, we are doing.
    I supported campaign finance reform. I supported lobby reform. I 
support the bill that's in the Senate now that would require Congress to 
live under the laws it imposes on the private sector. It's already 
passed the House; let them pass it in the Senate now. But you ask 
Senator Daschle or Senator Robb what happened to campaign finance 
reform. People who don't want us to have a bill killed it.
    Now--so, you have a choice. We made a good start on economic 
recovery, on crime, making Government work for ordinary people. Is there 
a lot to be done? You bet there is. Is the answer to go back to trickle-
down economics? They now have a plan. We now know that in addition to 
being obstructionists, if you give them enough votes, they've got a 
plan. And what's the plan? The same thing they did before, tell them 
what they want to hear but act tough doing it, so nobody catches you 
being soft.
    You know, the mature thing to do if you're taking responsibility for 
your family, your kids, your business, or your country is just to tell 
people what has to be done and take a deep breath and get about doing 
it. And it's never quite as hard or as difficult or as painful as you 
think it's going to be. That is what we are doing.
    Now, after 3 years of deficit reduction, for the first time since 
'48, after robust job growth, after the weakest job growth since the 
Great Depression, their crowd has now given us a trillion dollars' worth 
of unfunded promises, which they call a Contract With America. Folks, 
it's a contract on America. They have put out a contract on the deficit. 
They have put out a contract on Medicare. They have put out a contract 
on ever paying for the crime bill. But they're going to promise you 
everything, ``We're going to have a balanced budget amendment, but we're 
going to cut everybody's taxes. And we're going to spend more on 
defense; we're going to start Star Wars up again. Don't worry, we'll do 
it.'' Hey, I heard that before. They quadrupled the debt, reduced their 
investment in America, and nearly drove this country into the ditch. And 
I don't think we want to do it again.
    So you've got a clear choice, and you have to decide. You have to 
decide: What do you believe in? And here in Virginia, you have this 
stark, graphic example of how really good they are at making down, up; 
up, down; square, round; and turning us into aliens. I will tell you, 
they are better than we are at this. They are. They have turned me into 
an alien with a lot of voters in Virginia so I can be in the

[[Page 1694]]

ads. But that is a true ad, that I'd rather have Robb in the Senate. I 
knew if they ran enough ads, they'd finally run one that was true. 
That's true.
    But what I want to say to you is that the people of this State are 
good people, but they are just like the rest of the country. We're going 
through this period of change, and change is hard. And we all are for 
change in general, and then we're all against it in particular, as soon 
as it requires any rigor at all or when it takes time to wait for.
    That's another thing that makes politics really hard today. Look at 
the way we communicate: these pounding messages--right?--the 30-second 
ads, a trauma on the news every night, the dynamics of how we get our 
    Now, Don Beyer said it the best, he said, ``Everything that really 
counts in life takes time.'' Everything that you really care about in 
life takes time. But we're not given much time to digest here, to 
digest; we just have all this stuff crammed at us in a time of 
uncertainty and change. And the other guys are better talkers. I've been 
busy up here doing. And since they gave up all doing and didn't want to 
work with me, they had more time to talk. And mercy, they're good at it. 
And they've got plenty of money to do it.
    So we now have a stark choice. We're clearly making progress on the 
economy, on crime, on making the Government work for ordinary people, 
clearly. We clearly have a long way to go. Is the answer to turn around 
and do what failed us before? That is the choice we're being given. And 
here, you have a little extra gloss on it. Here, it is more stark.
    So I know how you feel, because you showed up and you made this 
contribution to Chuck Robb. But what I want to tell you is that your 
contribution, as much as I appreciate it, is not enough, because you 
cannot give $20 million. And the voters in Virginia can only vote on 
what they know, just like voters everywhere. You don't want them to wake 
up a year from now, saying, ``Oh, my goodness, what have I done?'' There 
have to be enough who will make the right decision now.
    That's what happened to Mr. Truman in '48, by the way. A lot of 
people have forgotten this. You know, if you took a poll today, 
everybody wants Harry Truman on Mount Rushmore. But I came from one of 
those families who was for him when he was still alive. And I'm telling 
you, those of you who are old enough to remember that know that he just 
barely won that race and that he was a figure of positive change in a 
difficult time. And he fought, and enough Americans listened to him to 
stay the course and enable our country to be a responsible power in the 
world, to stand up to the cold war, to rebuild Europe and Japan, and to 
build the middle class in this country, because we made the right 
    That's the decision you're being called upon to make. You cannot 
walk out of this fundraiser and say, ``I have done my part for Chuck 
Robb.'' You cannot do it.
    Chuck Robb has served you well and honorably as a Lieutenant 
Governor, as a Governor, as a Senator. I have known him a long time. He 
has stood--I'm proud of what he did in the Marine Corps and in the war, 
and I can't believe anyone would ever question it, but I'm really proud 
of what he's done in public life since he's been back home, too. And you 
should be, too.
    And I know it is easy when things are tough and you're frustrated to 
say, ``Just throw them out if they're in. Let me see if I can't find 
something I don't like about them and X them off.'' But this is a 
choice. This is a choice. And I know this man. I have seen him work 
year-in and year-out with very high standards of discipline and 
integrity, standing up and taking unpopular positions. I know what he 
did as Governor. I know what he's done as Senator. And the idea that 
they could be trying to turn him into some sort of space alien who is 
from the far left, when he has done something that they talked about but 
never did--fight for lower deficits, fight for a more responsible 
economic policy, and fight for the future of Virginia and America--is a 
travesty, and you must not allow it to happen. You must not. You must 
not allow it to happen.
    Now, I'm going to tell you something, folks--just stand right there, 
because I'm finishing. Don't even sit down; I'm nearly done, and it 
won't encourage me to go on. Just stand right there. [Laughter] I want 
you to think about this. Every one of you knows somebody else you can 
call. You know somebody else you can talk to. There's somebody at work. 
There's somebody in your civic club. There's somebody you spend your 
time on the weekends with. There's somebody you meet at the school 
meeting. There's somebody you can talk to, somebody whose

[[Page 1695]]

scales are going up and down between hope and fear. And you can tell 
them that this is about going forward, not going back. It's about 
assuming responsibility, not pointing the finger of blame. It's about 
bringing people together, not dividing them. It's about playing to our 
hopes, not our fears. That is what you have to do. You cannot let Chuck 
and Lynda and the people that work in the campaign headquarters do it 
all, and say, ``I've paid for the television ads. I quit.'' That is not 
    And I want every one of you to pledge to yourselves tonight that if 
you want this country to keep turning around and you want your children 
to reap the benefits of the 21st century and you want to do right by 
your country in this period of change, the way our forebears did at the 
end of World War II, you will send Chuck Robb back to the Senate.
    Thank you, and God bless you all.

Note: The President spoke at 9:20 p.m. at the Sheraton Premiere. In his 
remarks, he referred to Mark Warner, Virginia Democratic Party chairman.