[Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J. Clinton (1993, Book II)]
[December 1, 1993]
[Pages 2087-2091]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office www.gpo.gov]

Remarks on the Observance of World AIDS Day
December 1, 1993

    Now, there's a guy I'd like to vote for. [Laughter]
    Thank you so much, Alexander, for what you said and the way you said 
it and for the power of your example. Father O'Donovan, Dr. Griffith, 
Kristine Gebbie, ladies and gentlemen, I'm delighted to see all of you 
here. I thank my friend Representative Eleanor Holmes Norton for coming.
    I want to especially thank all of you here who are devoting your 
time and indeed your lives for the quest for a better way to deal with 
AIDS and, of course we hope, ultimately a cure. I want to thank 
especially the people who are living with AIDS who met with me today in 
their hospital rooms and who walked the corridors of the hospital with 
me. I won't mention them all, but I met a remarkable man named Larry 
Singletary upstairs who was a real inspiration to me. And I met his 
grandmother who was a real inspiration to both of us. And a beautiful 
young woman named Jenny Dorr who walked the halls with me, who came down 
with me. Stand up, Jenny. I think my goal ought to be to see that Jenny 
Dorr gets to live to a ripe old age.
    Today I think just about every American who's ever been touched by 
AIDS will think of people they know who have died or who have suffered 
family loss. I don't know if it was by accident or design, but I want to 
thank whoever put this part of the quilt up here with a picture of my 
good friend Dan Bradley, who for many years was the national leader of 
the Legal Services Corporation. I have a friend who lost her mother and 
another friend who lost his wife to AIDS because of tainted blood 
transfusions, and many others.
    But I want to say a special word of appreciation today for the 
people who are infected with HIV and the people who are living with AIDS 
who are committed to living, to those who work in the White House and 
those who work in the administration and those who, around the country, 
have given support to me and helped me to give some support to them. 
Some of them are here today, and I thank them for the power of their 
example and for their commitment to life.
    In a funny way this whole disease is bringing out the best and the 
worst in America, isn't it? I mean, it's exposing some of our prejudice 
in ways that are self-defeating since every family and every child is 
now at risk. And yet it's also showing us the courage, the self-
determination, the incredible capacity of the American people to give 
and to love. We see our legendary refusal to adopt organized and 

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solutions to big social problems. And yet we also see, as I will 
document in a moment, a remarkable willingness on the part of people who 
can make a difference to try to do more.
    On Monday I met with several religious leaders who are responding in 
their own way to the AIDS crisis, people who are largely involved in 
caring for people with AIDS, many of whom are also involved, 
courageously for them, in trying to educate our children in the schools 
to prevent AIDS.
    And I was impressed with the wide variety of religious perspectives. 
We had conservative evangelicals around the breakfast table with the 
liberal rabbi, mainstream Protestant ministers, and Catholic clergy. 
Every one of them, however, agreed on at least two things: One is that 
it is the moral high ground for people of faith to care for people with 
AIDS and the moral low ground to run away from it. And the second thing, 
and perhaps even more important over the long run, is that it is not 
only ethical conduct but an ethical obligation to speak openly with 
people, especially young people, about what they must do and not do in 
order to avoid becoming infected.
    There was a Methodist bishop, Fritz Mutti, Topeka, Kansas, who lost 
two of his sons to AIDS--two--who spoke about these obligations. He 
talked about how he and his wife had worked against their own fear and 
loneliness to bring out their personal experience in a way that would 
give power to their efforts to deal with the crisis before us.
    I met Reverend Steve Pieters, who has been living with AIDS for more 
than a decade now, one of America's longest survivors, explaining how he 
stays alive through hope and through his own faith.
    For nearly every American with eyes and ears open, the face of AIDS 
is no longer the face of a stranger. Millions and millions of us have 
now stood at the bedside of a dying friend and grieved. Millions and 
millions of us now know people who have had AIDS and who have died of it 
who are both gay and heterosexual--both. Millions and millions of us are 
now forced to admit that this is a problem which has diminished the life 
of every American.
    And as I enter this battle next year to try to provide for the first 
time in this history of this country affordable and quality health 
benefits for all Americans, millions and millions of us know that one of 
the reasons we have such an expensive health care system, even though it 
doesn't do as much in terms of coverage as any other major country's 
health care system, is that we pay a terrible price for the rate of AIDS 
that we have in this country and the costs that it imposes because we 
don't do more on the front end.
    On Sunday, the cover story in the New York Times Sunday Magazine was 
written by a journalist named Jeffrey Schmalz, who lived and just a 
couple of weeks ago died with AIDS. He was a remarkable man who 
interviewed me in a very piercing way when I was running for President. 
I was impressed then with the totally frank, almost brutal, and 
unsentimental nature of the interview in which we engaged and with the 
quality of his mind and spirit and the precision of his questions.
    If you saw the article or you heard about it, you know that 
basically what the article said was AIDS is sort of receding in the 
public consciousness as a thing to be passionate about, that it was true 
not only in our administration but in the community at large and even in 
the gay community. That was the theory of the article. And I think he 
was saying that people were just frustrated dealing with what they 
considered to be a perpetually uphill battle, not that it was 
politically unacceptable anymore to talk about AIDS or deal with it but 
that there just seemed to be no pay-off. And so he challenged us all 
with these words in the article, ``I am dying. Why doesn't someone help 
    I have to say to you that I think that is a good question and a good 
challenge. I do believe that all of us, each in our own way, sometimes 
just want to go on to other things. Even some of my friends who are 
infected just want to go on to other things--maybe especially them. They 
just get sick of talking about it and thinking about it and focusing on 
    The purpose of this day is to remind us that our attitudes, 
behavior, and passion should be revved up in the other 364 days of the 

[At this point, an audience member interrupted the President's remarks.]

    It's okay. It's all right. It's all right.
    Let me change the subject a minute and get back to it. Last night I 
went to see ``Schindler's List.'' We had a special showing of it for the 
Holocaust Museum. And it's not going to be a highly advertised movie, 
and it's coming out around Christmas time. It will be tough for peo-

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ple to see this. I implore every one of you to go see it. It is an 
astonishing thing. ``Schindler's List,'' it's about a non-Jew who, as a 
member of the Nazi Party, saved over 1,000 Jews by his personal efforts 
in World War II from the Holocaust.
    The reason I say that is this: Part of my job is to be a lightning 
rod. Part of my job is to lift the hopes and aspirations of the American 
people, knowing that as long as you're trying to lift hopes and lift 
aspirations you can never fully close the gap between what you're 
reaching for and what you're actually doing, and knowing for sure that 
there's no way I can now keep everybody alive who already has AIDS. So 
the fact that he's in here expressing his frustration to me means at 
least that they expect me to do something, which is a step forward. I 
don't take it personally.
    The reason I ask you to go see the movie is you will see portrait 
after portrait after portrait of the painful difference between people 
who have no hope and have no rage left and people who still have hope 
and still have rage. I'd rather that man be in here screaming at me than 
having given up altogether, much rather.
    So let me go forward and tell you what we're trying to do, and let 
me then invite you to tell me what else we should do, because that's 
really what I came here to do today, to say here's what we have done in 
a year and to invite you to tell me what else we should do.
    I think, first of all, it's clear that this administration has made 
a significant financial effort, as the Schmalz article pointed out in 
the New York Times. We've increased programs for prevention by $45 
million, a very substantial increase. What we still need to do is to 
convince people who do the preventing that they ought to do it where the 
people are who need the information. We must, we must, we must convince 
more people to reach the children where the children are in the schools 
and where the adults are in the workplace.
    I have directed every Federal office to provide its employees with 
education about AIDS prevention. We asked the 3 million Federal 
employees to take the information home to their families and to their 
communities. I have challenged every business to take similar action, 
but not every business and certainly not every school is doing it. We 
can deny the reality that every family is at risk until we know someone 
who is, but we do so at great peril to ourselves.
    We've increased the research funding for AIDS by over 20 percent, 
and we increased funding in the Ryan White health care act for care by 
66 percent. And I want to remind you that this was at a time when 
overall domestic spending was held absolutely flat and when over 350 
items in the Federal budget this year are smaller than they were last 
year. Where there was an absolute cut, we got substantial increases. 
Why? Because again, I say this shows the best and the worst about the 
country, a reluctance to deal with the problem, the absence of a 
systematic approach at every community level, but the understanding in 
Congress that even though we've got to slash a lot of the funding we 
have for various programs to reduce the deficit, we had to do more here. 
And I frankly think the Congress deserves a lot of credit for doing it 
at a very difficult time when many people said that the politically 
smart thing was to cut everything no matter what and no matter what the 
consequences. So I feel good about that. And I think you should feel 
good about that.
    We do have a National AIDS Policy Coordinator. We do have an effort 
going now that we announced yesterday to see what we can do to slash the 
rules and the regulations and the bureaucracy to move drugs to people 
more quickly, to see what will work and what will help. And that is 
terribly important. We are marshaling more resources and making more 
efforts. But there must be other things we can do.
    The theme of the World AIDS Day is ``Time To Act.'' The argument 
that Jeffrey Schmalz made in his article was that we also ought to talk 
more. And for those of us in positions of leadership, talking is acting. 
I have to tell you that one of the things that I underestimated when I 
became President was the actual power of the words coming from the bully 
pulpit of the White House to move the country. I overestimated my 
capacity to get things done in a hurry in the Congress, but when I read 
the other day in the Los Angeles Times that I had the best record of any 
President in 40 years, I said, ``Pity the others.'' I'm an impatient 
person. I'm a victim of my own impatience. But I do think sometimes all 
of us underestimate the power of our words to change the attitudes and 
the range of behavior of other people, not just me but you, too.
    And it is clear to me that no matter how

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much we put into research, no matter how much we put into treatment, no 
matter how much we put into education, someone besides the politicians 
will do the research, the treatment, and the education. And it has to be 
a daily thing.
    The next thing I'd like to say is, I think the best thing we can do 
for people who are living with HIV and living with AIDS is to pass a 
comprehensive health care plan so that people do not lose their 
benefits. That is important, and let me say that is important for two 
reasons. One is obvious. One is what I saw in the hospital rooms up 
there when I asked people, you know, or they had already prepared to 
tell me: How is your care being paid for? Where do you live? Do you 
still have a place to live? Do you have a job to go back to if you get 
well enough to go back? What is the circumstance of your life? The first 
thing is just simply having the security of knowing that there will be a 
payment stream to cover quality care.
    But the second thing, I think, is also important. And that is the 
point I began this talk with, which is that we have to affirm the lives 
of people who are infected and the living. And if you know that you have 
health insurance that can never be taken away and that the cost of it 
will not vary because you will be insured in a big community pool with 
people who are not infected and therefore whose real costs are lower, 
then there is never an incentive for someone to fire you or not to hire 
you. That is important. That's a big part of therapy in any kind of 
problem, being able to live to the fullest of your God-given capacities, 
to work, to go, to do.
    And it would be good for the economy, by the way, to know that 
nobody had to be put off to the side or there were no incentives not to 
maximize the capacity of every person who lives in the country. So that 
this health care issue, the providing the security, is not just 
important for having the funding stream for the health care, it's also 
important to make sure that we are liberating the potential of people 
who want to work and contribute for as long as they can. It is a huge 
    And I hope when we begin this debate in earnest next year that those 
of you who work in this area, either in the care of people with AIDS or 
those of you who are part of the activist community, will make sure that 
both those points get made to the United States Congress. We have too 
many people in this country with a contribution to make to the rest of 
us and to the whole, dying to make it, who can't because of the crazy-
quilt health system we've got. And I think we should do it.
    Finally, let me just say that there is a lot of talk always, and I 
have been part of this, talking about how each of us has to take 
personal responsibility for our own conduct. And I believe that. But if 
you want children to do that, they have to be educated as to the 
consequences of their conduct, which means someone else has to do it. 
And it is also true that since literally every American can be affected 
in some way by this, all the rest of us have personal responsibilities, 
    And so again I say to you, I think we have done a good job in the 
first year of this administration if you measure ``good job'' in terms 
of organizing ourselves properly, funding the effort more adequately, 
identifying some of the major problems in the bureaucracy and going 
after them.
    But Jeffrey Schmalz, in his last article, issued a rebuke to me. He 
said, ``You cannot let this slide as an issue until it is over.'' And he 
was right. But he also issued a rebuke to everyone else in the country, 
everyone else. If you just look at the sheer numbers, if you look at 
what is happening in some African countries, if you look at what is 
happening in other nations around the world, if you had no other concern 
in your own country but the cold-blooded one of how your own country was 
going to pay for its collective health care needs and deal with its 
economic crises, if that was your only concern, if you never had a 
heartbeat of compassion, you would have to be nearly obsessed with this 
    And so I say to you, my fellow Americans, tonight when I go home, I 
will see the face of Alexander. And I will wish that someday he will be 
able to give that speech on his own behalf. He deserves that chance. I 
will see the face of Jenny, and I will want her to live to a ripe old 
age. And all of us, all of us have something we can do. I invite you to 
tell me what else you think I can do and to ask yourselves what else you 
can do.
    Thank you very much.

Note: The President spoke at 11:50 a.m. in the Pre-Clinic Science 
Building at Georgetown University Medical Center. In his remarks, he re-

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ferred to Alexander Robinson, president, DC Care Coalition; Father Leo 
J. O'Donovan, president, Georgetown University; Dr. John F. Griffith, 
director, Georgetown University Medical Center; Kristine Gebbie, 
National AIDS Policy Coordinator; and Larry Singletary and Jenny Dorr, 
AIDS patients at the medical center. The related proclamation of 
November 30 is listed in Appendix D at the end of this volume.