[118th Congress Public Law 31]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 135]]

         NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2024

[[Page 137 STAT. 136]]

Public Law 118-31
118th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2024 for military activities 
  of the Department of Defense and for military construction, and for 
 defense activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military 
        personnel strengths for such fiscal year, and for other 
            purposes. <<NOTE: Dec. 22, 2023 -  [H.R. 2670]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2024''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into seven divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Other Matters.
            (6) Division F--Department of State Authorization Act of 
        2023.
            (7) Division G--Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2024.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Limitation on availability of funds pending assessment of Army 
           Trackless Moving Target systems.
Sec. 112. Strategy for Army tactical wheeled vehicle program.
Sec. 113. Report on acquisition strategies for the logistics 
           augmentation program of the Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of requirements for minimum number of carrier air 
           wings of the Navy.

[[Page 137 STAT. 137]]

Sec. 122. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
           port waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
           program.
Sec. 124. Procurement authority for Auxiliary Personnel Lighter program.
Sec. 125. Limitation on reductions to V-22 aircraft nacelle improvement 
           program.
Sec. 126.  Limitation on consideration of Government-operated dry docks 
           in certain contract solicitations.
Sec. 127. Annual reports on use of Government docks for ship repair and 
           maintenance.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Limitation on retirement of F-15 aircraft and modification of 
           related reporting requirement.
Sec. 132. Limitations and minimum inventory requirement relating to RQ-4 
           aircraft.
Sec. 133. Temporary exception to minimum inventory requirement for 
           fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 134. Modification of minimum inventory requirements for C-130 
           aircraft.
Sec. 135. Modification of annual reports on T-7A Advanced Pilot Training 
           System.
Sec. 136. Modification to prohibition on certain reductions to B-1 
           bomber aircraft squadrons.
Sec. 137. Modification of minimum inventory requirements for A-10 
           aircraft.
Sec. 138. Procurement authority for over-the-horizon radar systems.
Sec. 139. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-135 
           aircraft.
Sec. 140. Prohibition on reduction of KC-135 aircraft in PMAI of the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 141. Limitation on issuance of acquisition strategy for the KC-135 
           recapitalization program.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on certain reductions to inventory of E-3 airborne 
           warning and control system aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for termination of 
           production lines for the HH-60W aircraft.
Sec. 144. Limitation on retirement of F-16C/D aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on procurement of KC-46A aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on actions relating to remote vision systems of KC-
           46A aircraft.
Sec. 147.  Limitation on retirement of T-1A training aircraft.
Sec. 148. Plan for long-term Air Force fighter force structure.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Annual report on force structure changes exhibit for the 
           defense budget.
Sec. 152. Multiyear procurement authority for domestically processed 
           critical minerals.
Sec. 153. Prohibition on solicitation of proprietary armor for certain 
           tactical vehicles.
Sec. 154. Prohibition on availability of funds for procurement of 
           certain batteries.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Annual report on unfunded priorities of the Under Secretary of 
           Defense for Research and Engineering.
Sec. 212. Delegation of responsibility for certain research programs.
Sec. 213. Modification to personnel management authority to attract 
           experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 214. Clarifying role of partnership intermediaries to promote 
           defense research and education.
Sec. 215. Naval Air Warfare Rapid Capabilities Office.
Sec. 216. Modification of support for research and development of 
           bioindustrial manufacturing processes.
Sec. 217. Modification to administration of the Advanced Sensors 
           Application Program.
Sec. 218. Matters pertaining to hypersonic capabilities and testing 
           strategies.
Sec. 219. Improvements to defense quantum information science and 
           technology research and development program.
Sec. 220. Application of public-private talent exchange programs in the 
           Department of Defense to quantum information sciences and 
           technology research.
Sec. 221. Support for protection of sensitive research performed on 
           behalf of the Department of Defense.

[[Page 137 STAT. 138]]

Sec. 222. Support to the Defence Innovation Accelerator for the North 
           Atlantic.
Sec. 223. Consortium on use of additive manufacturing for defense 
           capability development.
Sec. 224. Next Generation Air Dominance family of systems development 
           program accountability matrices.
Sec. 225. Continuous capability development and delivery program for F-
           35 aircraft.
Sec. 226. F-35 propulsion and thermal management modernization program.
Sec. 227. Establishment or expansion of University Affiliated Research 
           Centers for critical materials.
Sec. 228. Policies for management and certification of Link 16 military 
           tactical data link network.
Sec. 229. Rapid response to emergent technology advancements or threats.
Sec. 230. Pilot program to commercialize prototypes of the Department of 
           the Air Force.
Sec. 231. Pilot program on near-term quantum computing applications.
Sec. 232. Pilot program to facilitate access to advanced technology 
           developed by small businesses for ground vehicle systems of 
           the Army.
Sec. 233. Limitation on availability of funds pending documentation on 
           Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft program.

           Subtitle C--Energetics and Other Munitions Matters

Sec. 241. Joint Energetics Transition Office.
Sec. 242. Consideration of lethality in the analysis of alternatives for 
           munitions.
Sec. 243. Pilot program on incorporation of the CL20 compound in certain 
           weapon systems.
Sec. 244. Limitation on sourcing chemical materials for munitions from 
           certain countries.
Sec. 245. Defense industrial base munition surge capacity critical 
           reserve.

              Subtitle D--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Congressional notification of changes to Department of Defense 
           policy on autonomy in weapon systems.
Sec. 252. Audit to identify diversion of Department of Defense funding 
           to China's research labs.
Sec. 253. Annual review of status of implementation plan for digital 
           engineering career tracks.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Improvement and codification of Sentinel Landscapes 
           Partnership program authority.
Sec. 312. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
           projects at National Guard facilities.
Sec. 313. Modification to technical assistance authority for 
           environmental restoration activities.
Sec. 314. Coordination on agreements to limit encroachments and other 
           constraints on military training, testing, and operations.
Sec. 315. Requirement for approval by Under Secretary of Defense for 
           Acquisition and Sustainment of waiver for systems not meeting 
           fuel efficiency key performance parameter.
Sec. 316. Modification to prototype and demonstration projects for 
           energy resilience at certain military installations.
Sec. 317. Authority to transfer certain funds as payment relating to 
           Naval Air Station, Moffett Field, California.
Sec. 318. Prohibition on required disclosure by Department of Defense 
           contractors of information relating to greenhouse gas 
           emissions.
Sec. 319. Required infrastructure plan prior to deployment of certain 
           non-tactical vehicles at military installations.
Sec. 320. Prohibition and report requirement relating to certain energy 
           programs of Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Report on schedule and cost estimates for completion of 
           testing and remediation of contaminated sites; publication of 
           cleanup information.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                               Substances

Sec. 331. Modification of timing of report on activities of PFAS Task 
           Force.
Sec. 332. Budget justification document for funding relating to 
           perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

[[Page 137 STAT. 139]]

Sec. 333. Increase of transfer authority for funding of study and 
           assessment on health implications of perfluoroalkyl 
           substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
           drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease 
           Registry.
Sec. 334. Prizes for development of technology for thermal destruction 
           of perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 335. Treatment of certain materials contaminated with 
           perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 336. Government Accountability Office reports on testing and 
           remediation of perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
           substances.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341.  Modification of rule of construction regarding provision of 
           support and services to non-Department of Defense 
           organizations and activities.
Sec. 342. Repeal of Comptroller General review requirement relating to 
           core logistics capabilities.
Sec. 343. Modifications to Contested Logistics Working Group of 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 344. Matters relating to briefings on Shipyard Infrastructure 
           Optimization Program of the Navy.
Sec. 345. Foreign military sales exclusion in calculation for certain 
           workload carryover of Department of the Army.
Sec. 346. Pilot program on optimization of aerial refueling and fuel 
           management in contested logistics environments through use of 
           artificial intelligence.
Sec. 347. Limitation on availability of funds to expand leased 
           facilities for Joint Military Information Support Operations 
           Web Operations Center.
Sec. 348. Limitation on availability of funds pending submission of 
           certain 30-year shipbuilding plan by the Secretary of the 
           Navy.
Sec. 349. Plan regarding condition and maintenance of prepositioned 
           stockpiles of the Army.
Sec. 350. Strategy and assessment on use of automation and artificial 
           intelligence for shipyard optimization.
Sec. 351. Assessment and strategy relating to hardening of certain 
           military installations against attack by Iran and Iranian-
           associated groups.
Sec. 352. Semiannual briefings on operational status of amphibious 
           warship fleet.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Review of notice of presumed risk issued by Military Aviation 
           and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse.
Sec. 362. Modifications to military aviation and installation assurance 
           clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 363. Modification to Joint Safety Council.
Sec. 364. Designation of official responsible for coordination of 
           renegotiation of certain land leases owned by Department of 
           Defense in Hawaii.
Sec. 365. Continued designation of Secretary of the Navy as executive 
           agent for Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical 
           Training School.
Sec. 366. Establishment of Caisson Platoon and support for military and 
           State funeral services at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 367. Recovery of rare earth elements and other strategic and 
           critical materials through end-of-life equipment recycling.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. End strength level matters.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
           Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                       Subtitle A--Officer Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty.

[[Page 137 STAT. 140]]

Sec. 502. Extension of active duty term for Attending Physician at 
           United States Capitol.
Sec. 503. Updating authority to authorize promotion transfers between 
           components of the same Armed Force or a different Armed 
           Force.
Sec. 504. Flexibility in determining terms of appointment for certain 
           senior officer positions.
Sec. 505. Realignment of Navy spot-promotion quotas.
Sec. 506. Authority to increase the number of medical and dental 
           officers recommended for promotion to certain grades.
Sec. 507. Prohibition on appointment or nomination of certain officers 
           who are subject to special selection review boards.
Sec. 508. Effect of failure of selection for promotion.
Sec. 509. Improvements relating to service obligation for Marine Corps 
           cyberspace operations officers.
Sec. 509A. Time in grade requirements.
Sec. 509B. Establishment of Legislative Liaison of the Space Force.
Sec. 509C. Extension of authority to vary number of Space Force officers 
           considered for promotion to major general.
Sec. 509D. Briefing on number of general officers of the Space Force on 
           active duty.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Removal of active duty prohibition for members of the Air 
           Force Reserve Policy Committee.
Sec. 512. Grade of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 513. Mobilization of Selected Reserve for preplanned missions in 
           support of the combatant commands.
Sec. 514. Alternative promotion authority for reserve officers in 
           designated competitive categories.
Sec. 515. Authorization for FireGuard Program.
Sec. 516. Designation of at least one general officer of the Marine 
           Corps Reserve as a joint qualified officer.

        Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Prohibitions

Sec. 521. Permanent authority to order retired members to active duty in 
           high-demand, low-density appointments.
Sec. 522. Prohibition on policy of the Department of Defense regarding 
           identification of gender or personal pronouns in official 
           correspondence.
Sec. 523. Prohibition on former members of the Armed Forces accepting 
           post-service employment with certain foreign governments.
Sec. 524. Verification of the financial independence of financial 
           services counselors in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 525. Modification of requirements for approval of foreign 
           employment by retired and reserve members of uniformed 
           services.
Sec. 526. Consideration of reinstatement of a member of the Armed Forces 
           involuntarily separated on the basis of refusal to receive a 
           vaccination against COVID-19.
Sec. 527. Reviews of characterization of administrative discharges of 
           certain members on the basis of failure to receive COVID-19 
           vaccine.
Sec. 528. Certain members discharged or dismissed on the sole basis of 
           failure to obey a lawful order to receive a vaccine for 
           COVID-19: communication strategy regarding reinstatement 
           process.
Sec. 529. Continuing military service for certain members eligible for 
           chapter 61 retirement.
Sec. 529A. Threat-based security services and equipment for certain 
           former or retired Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 529B. Limitation on establishment of new diversity, equity, and 
           inclusion positions; hiring freeze.
Sec. 529C. Requirement to base military accessions and promotions on 
           merit and performance.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 531. Technical and conforming amendments to the Uniform Code of 
           Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Establishment of staggered terms for members of the Military 
           Justice Review Panel.
Sec. 533. Supreme Court review of certain actions of the United States 
           Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
Sec. 534. Additional requirements for initiative to enhance the 
           capability of military criminal investigative organizations 
           to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 535. Limitation on availability of funds for relocation of Army CID 
           special agent training course.

[[Page 137 STAT. 141]]

Sec. 536. Study on requirement for unanimous votes for findings in 
           general and special courts-martial and related milestones for 
           implementation.
Sec. 537. Study on removal of Sexual Assault Victim Advocates from the 
           chain of command of victims.

             Subtitle E--Accession Standards and Recruitment

Sec. 541. Increased access to potential recruits at secondary schools.
Sec. 542. Modification of limitation on enlistment and induction of 
           persons whose score on the Armed Forces Qualification Test is 
           below a prescribed level.
Sec. 543. Increased access to potential recruits at institutions of 
           higher education.
Sec. 544. Increase in accession bonus for nurse officer candidates.
Sec. 545. Improvements to medical standards for accession to certain 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 546. Future servicemember preparatory course.
Sec. 547. Pilot program on cardiac screenings for military accessions.
Sec. 548. Community college Enlisted Training Corps demonstration 
           program.
Sec. 549. Annual briefings on military recruitment practices in public 
           secondary schools and community colleges.

           Subtitle F--Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps

Sec. 551. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 552. Requirement for memoranda of understanding addressing certain 
           matters pertaining to units of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
           Training Corps.
Sec. 553. Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps administrator and 
           instructor compensation.
Sec. 554. Prohibition of establishment or maintenance of a unit of the 
           Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at an educational 
           institution owned, operated, or controlled by the Chinese 
           Communist Party.
Sec. 555. Enforcement of program requirements for the Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 556. Annual report on allegations of sexual misconduct in Junior 
           Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs.

                      Subtitle G--Member Education

Sec. 561. Service Academies: numbers of nominations by Members of 
           Congress and appointments by the Secretaries of the military 
           departments.
Sec. 562. Increase in the number of nominees from Guam to the Service 
           Academies.
Sec. 563. Consideration of standardized test scores in military service 
           academy application process.
Sec. 564. Service Academy professional sports pathway report and 
           legislative proposal required.
Sec. 565. Briefing on inclusion of advanced research programs at certain 
           institutions of professional military education.

               Subtitle H--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 571. Amendments to pathways for counseling in the Transition 
           Assistance Program.
Sec. 572. Skillbridge: staffing; budgeting; outreach; report.
Sec. 573. Extension of Troops-to-Teachers program to the Job Corps.
Sec. 574. Troops-to-Teachers Program: expansion; extension.
Sec. 575. Language training centers for members of the Armed Forces and 
           civilian employees of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Prohibition on use of Federal funds to endorse critical race 
           theory.
Sec. 577. Increased fitness standards for Army close combat force 
           military occupational specialties.
Sec. 578. Publication of training materials of the Defense Equal 
           Opportunity Management Institute.
Sec. 579. Prohibition on Federal funds for the Department of Defense 
           Countering Extremism Work Group.

    Subtitle I--Family Programs, Child Care, and Dependent Education

Sec. 581. Non-medical counseling services for military families.
Sec. 582. Increase in the target funding level for military child care.
Sec. 583. Modifications to assistance to local educational agencies that 
           benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces with 
           enrollment changes due to base closures, force structure 
           changes, or force relocations.
Sec. 584. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
           dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 585. Outreach campaign relating to waiting lists for military child 
           development centers; annual briefing.

[[Page 137 STAT. 142]]

Sec. 586. Briefings on pilot program on hiring of special needs 
           inclusion coordinators for Department of Defense child 
           development centers.
Sec. 587. Briefings on implementation of universal pre-kindergarten 
           programs in schools operated by the Department of Defense 
           Education Activity.
Sec. 588. Report on mental health and wellness support for students 
           enrolled in schools operated by the Department of Defense 
           Education Activity.
Sec. 589. Rights of parents of children attending schools operated by 
           the Department of Defense Education Activity.

Subtitle J--Decorations and Awards and Other Personnel Matters, Reports, 
                              and Briefings

Sec. 591. Armed Forces workplace surveys.
Sec. 592. Due date for report on efforts to prevent and respond to 
           deaths by suicide in the Navy.
Sec. 593. Extension of deadline for review of World War I valor medals.
Sec. 594. Digital ambassador program of the Navy: cessation; report; 
           restart.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

              Subtitle A--Basic Pay, Retired Pay, and Leave

Sec. 601. Parental leave parity for members of certain reserve 
           components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 602. Pay of members of reserve components for inactive-duty 
           training to obtain or maintain an aeronautical rating or 
           designation.
Sec. 603. Expansion of authority to pay a member of the Armed Forces who 
           is absent without leave or over leave for such absence.

                  Subtitle B--Bonus and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. Expansion of continuation pay eligibility.
Sec. 612. Modification of special and incentive pay authorities for 
           members of reserve components.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.
Sec. 614. Authorization of monthly bonus pay for a junior member of the 
           uniformed services during calendar year 2024.
Sec. 615. Determination of cold weather location for purposes of special 
           duty pay.
Sec. 616. Feasibility study regarding assignment incentive pay for 
           members of the Air Force assigned to remotely piloted 
           aircraft.

                         Subtitle C--Allowances

Sec. 621. Modification of calculation of gross household income for 
           basic needs allowance to address areas of demonstrated need.
Sec. 622. Improved calculation of basic allowance for housing for junior 
           enlisted members.
Sec. 623. Basic allowance for housing for members assigned to vessels 
           undergoing maintenance.
Sec. 624. Dual basic allowance for housing for training.
Sec. 625. Cost-of-living allowance in the continental United States: 
           high cost areas.
Sec. 626. Family separation allowance: increase; review.
Sec. 627. OCONUS cost-of-living allowance: adjustments.
Sec. 628. Extension of one-time uniform allowance for officers who 
           transfer to the Space Force.

                Subtitle D--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 631. Modifications to transitional compensation for dependents of 
           members separated for dependent abuse.
Sec. 632. Lodging expenses for dependents of members separated for 
           dependent abuse.
Sec. 633. Access to commissary and exchange privileges for remarried 
           surviving spouses.
Sec. 634. Assistance for military spouses to obtain certifications as 
           doulas and International Board Certified Lactation 
           Consultants.
Sec. 635. Expansion of qualifying events for which a member of the 
           uniformed services may be reimbursed for spousal relicensing 
           or business costs due to the member's relocation.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Waiver of cost-sharing for three mental health outpatient 
           visits for certain beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.

[[Page 137 STAT. 143]]

Sec. 702. Extension of period of eligibility for health benefits under 
           TRICARE Reserve Select for survivors of a member of the 
           Selected Reserve.
Sec. 703. Expansion of eligibility for hearing aids to include children 
           of certain retired members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 704. Authority to provide dental care for dependents located at 
           certain remote or isolated locations.
Sec. 705. Clarification of applicability of required mental health self-
           initiated referral process for members of the Selected 
           Reserve.
Sec. 706. Naloxone and fentanyl: regulations; briefing.
Sec. 707. Authority to expand the TRICARE Competitive Plans 
           Demonstration Project.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of requirement to transfer research and 
           development and public health functions to the Defense Health 
           Agency.
Sec. 712. Increase in stipend for participants in health professions 
           scholarship and financial assistance programs.
Sec. 713. Modification of administration of medical malpractice claims 
           by members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 714. Networks of the Defense Health Agency: delayed implementation; 
           GAO study.
Sec. 715. Real-time data sharing agreement regarding medical care 
           provided to members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 716. Establishment of military pharmaceutical and medical device 
           vulnerability working group.

       Subtitle C--Studies, Briefings, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Modification of partnership program for military trauma care 
           and research.
Sec. 722. Study on opioid alternatives.
Sec. 723. Program of the Department of Defense to study treatment of 
           certain conditions using certain psychedelic substances.
Sec. 724. Annual report regarding overdoses by certain members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 725. Study and report on health conditions of members of the Armed 
           Forces on active duty developed after administration of 
           COVID-19 vaccine.
Sec. 726. GAO study on health care available to certain individuals 
           supporting the missions of United States Forces Japan and 
           Joint Region Marianas.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Commercial nature determination memo available to contractor.
Sec. 802. Modification of truthful cost or pricing data submissions and 
           report.
Sec. 803. Prohibition on the transfer of certain data on employees of 
           the Department of Defense to third parties.
Sec. 804. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have fossil fuel 
           operations with the Government of the Russian Federation or 
           the Russian energy sector.
Sec. 805. Prohibition of the Department of Defense procurement related 
           to entities identified as Chinese military companies 
           operating in the United States.
Sec. 806. Principal Technology Transition Advisor.
Sec. 807. Senior contracting official for Strategic Capabilities Office.
Sec. 808. Pilot program for the use of innovative intellectual property 
           strategies.
Sec. 809. Pilot program for anything-as-a-service.
Sec. 810. Updated guidance on planning for exportability features for 
           future programs.
Sec. 811. Modernizing the Department of Defense requirements process.
Sec. 812. Preventing conflicts of interest for entities that provide 
           certain consulting services to the Department of Defense.
Sec. 813. Focused commercial solutions openings opportunities.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 820. Amendments to multiyear procurement authority.
Sec. 821. Modification of approval authority for certain follow-on 
           production contracts or transactions.
Sec. 822. Clarification of other transaction authority for installation 
           or facility prototyping.

[[Page 137 STAT. 144]]

Sec. 823. Extension and revisions to never contract with the enemy.
Sec. 824. Modification and extension of temporary authority to modify 
           certain contracts and options based on the impacts of 
           inflation.
Sec. 825. Countering adversary logistics information technologies.
Sec. 826. Modification of contracts and options to provide economic 
           price adjustments.
Sec. 827. Modifications to earned value management system requirements.

               Subtitle C--Domestic Sourcing Requirements

Sec. 831. Emergency acquisition authority for purposes of replenishing 
           United States stockpiles.
Sec. 832. Requirement for full domestic production of flags of the 
           United States acquired by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 833. Amendment to requirement to buy certain metals from American 
           sources.
Sec. 834. Acquisition of sensitive material prohibition exception 
           amendment.
Sec. 835. Enhanced domestic content requirement for major defense 
           acquisition programs.

Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Programs for Accelerating Acquisition

Sec. 841. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
Sec. 842. Demonstration and prototyping program to advance international 
           product support capabilities in a contested logistics 
           environment.
Sec. 843. Special authority for rapid contracting for commanders of 
           combatant commands.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 851. Additional national security objectives for the national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 852. Department of Defense Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 853. Modifications to the Procurement Technical Assistance Program.
Sec. 854. Modification of effective date for expansion on the 
           prohibition on acquiring certain metal products.
Sec. 855. Extension of pilot program for distribution support and 
           services for weapons systems contractors.
Sec. 856. Pilot program to analyze and monitor certain supply chains.
Sec. 857. Department of Defense notification of certain transactions.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 860. Amendments to defense research and development rapid 
           innovation program.
Sec. 861. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 862. Payment of subcontractors.
Sec. 863. Increase in Governmentwide goal for participation in Federal 
           contracts by small business concerns owned and controlled by 
           service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 864. Eliminating self-certification for service-disabled veteran-
           owned small businesses.
Sec. 865. Consideration of the past performance of affiliate companies 
           of small business concerns.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Extension of mission management pilot program.
Sec. 872. Extension of pilot program to incentivize contracting with 
           employee-owned businesses.
Sec. 873. Program and processes relating to foreign acquisition.
Sec. 874. Pilot program to incentivize progress payments.
Sec. 875. Study on reducing barriers to acquisition of commercial 
           products and services.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Conforming amendments to carry out elimination of position of 
           Chief Management Officer.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of Director of Cost 
           Assessment and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 903. Establishment of Office of Strategic Capital.
Sec. 904. Establishment and assignment of roles and responsibilities for 
           combined joint all-domain command and control in support of 
           integrated joint warfighting.

[[Page 137 STAT. 145]]

Sec. 905. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretaries to support Assistant 
           Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
           Conflict.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 911. Additional requirements under general policy for total force 
           management.
Sec. 912. Addition of College of International Security Affairs to 
           National Defense University.
Sec. 913. Codification of the Defense Innovation Unit.
Sec. 914. Repeal of authority to appoint a Naval Research Advisory 
           Committee.
Sec. 915. Eligibility of members of Space Force for instruction at the 
           Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 916. Membership of the Air Force Reserve Forces Policy Committee.
Sec. 917. Modification of cross-functional team to address emerging 
           threat relating to anomalous health incidents.
Sec. 918. Technology release and foreign disclosure reform initiative.
Sec. 919. Software-based capability to facilitate scheduling between the 
           Department of Defense and Congress.
Sec. 920. Metrics to operationalize audit readiness.
Sec. 921. Next generation business health metrics.
Sec. 922. Independent assessment of defense business enterprise 
           architecture.
Sec. 923. Future force design of the Department of the Air Force.
Sec. 924. Feasibility study on the consolidation or transfer of space 
           functions of the National Guard to the Space Force.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Annual report on budget prioritization by Secretary of 
           Defense and military departments.
Sec. 1003. Additional reporting requirements related to unfunded 
           priorities of armed forces and combatant commands.
Sec. 1004. Audit requirement for Department of Defense components.
Sec. 1005. Requirement for unqualified opinion on Department of Defense 
           financial statements.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1010. Enhanced support for counterdrug activities and activities to 
           counter transnational organized crime.
Sec. 1011. Modification of support for counterdrug activities and 
           activities to counter transnational organized crime: increase 
           in cap for small scale construction projects.
Sec. 1012. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities.
Sec. 1013. Disruption of fentanyl trafficking.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1015. Modifications to annual naval vessel construction plan.
Sec. 1016. Critical components of national sea-based deterrence vessels.
Sec. 1017. Grants for improvement of Navy ship repair or alterations 
           capability.
Sec. 1018. Repeal of obsolete provision of law regarding vessel 
           nomenclature.
Sec. 1019. Responsibility of Commandant of the Marine Corps with respect 
           to naval battle force ship assessment and requirement 
           reporting.
Sec. 1020. Policy of the United States on shipbuilding defense 
           industrial base.
Sec. 1021. Prohibition on retirement of certain naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. Authority to use incremental funding to enter into a contract 
           for the advance procurement and construction of a San 
           Antonio-class amphibious ship.
Sec. 1023. Authority to use incremental funding to enter into a contract 
           for the advance procurement and construction of a submarine 
           tender.
Sec. 1024. Biannual briefings on submarine readiness.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
           modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
           transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
           Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

[[Page 137 STAT. 146]]

Sec. 1034. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
           relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
           Bay, Cuba.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Limitation on availability of certain funds until submission 
           of Chairman's Risk Assessment; briefing requirement.
Sec. 1042. Assistance in support of Department of Defense accounting for 
           missing United States Government personnel.
Sec. 1043. Implementation of arrangements to build transparency, 
           confidence, and security.
Sec. 1044. Modification to definitions of Confucius Institute.
Sec. 1045. Termination of authority to issue waiver of limitation on use 
           of funds to institutions of higher education hosting 
           Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1046. Vetting procedures and monitoring requirements for allies and 
           partners participating in education or training activities in 
           the United States.
Sec. 1047. Authority to include funding requests for the chemical and 
           biological defense program in budget accounts of military 
           departments.
Sec. 1048. Limitation on availability of funds until delivery of report 
           on next generation tactical communications.
Sec. 1049. Establishment of procedure of the Department of Defense to 
           determine certain complaints or requests regarding public 
           displays or public expressions of religion on property of the 
           Department.
Sec. 1050. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
           landmines.
Sec. 1051. Limitation on availability of funds for travel expenses of 
           Office of the Secretary of Defense until submission of 
           certain plans.
Sec. 1052. Prohibition on display of unapproved flags.
Sec. 1053. Collaboration with partner countries to develop and maintain 
           military-wide transformational strategies for operational 
           energy.
Sec. 1054. Student loan deferment for dislocated military spouses.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Modifications of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1062. Extension of requirement to submit a report on Department of 
           Defense support for Department of Homeland Security at the 
           international borders of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Briefing on Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency capabilities 
           required to expand accounting for persons missing from 
           designated past conflicts.
Sec. 1064. Air Force plan for maintaining proficient aircrews in certain 
           mission areas.
Sec. 1065. Independent study on naval mine warfare.
Sec. 1066. Annual report and briefing on implementation of Force Design 
           2030.
Sec. 1067. Study and report on potential inclusion of black box data 
           recorders in tactical vehicles.
Sec. 1068. Plan on countering human trafficking.
Sec. 1069. Update to strategic plan on Department of Defense combating 
           trafficking in persons program.
Sec. 1070. Report on use of tactical fighter aircraft for deployments 
           and homeland defense missions.
Sec. 1071. Report on equipping certain ground combat units with small 
           unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 1072. Biannual briefings on homeland defense planning.
Sec. 1073. Report on effectiveness of current use of United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1074. Holistic training range assessment.
Sec. 1075. Special operations force structure.
Sec. 1076. Comprehensive assessment of Marine Corps Force Design 2030.
Sec. 1077.  Assessment and recommendations relating to infrastructure, 
           capacity, resources, and personnel on Guam.
Sec. 1078. Feasibility study on conversion of Joint Task Force North 
           into Joint Interagency Task Force North.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1080. Modification of definition of domestic source for title III 
           of the Defense Production Act of 1950.
Sec. 1081. Integrated and authenticated access to Department of Defense 
           systems for certain congressional staff for oversight 
           purposes.
Sec. 1082. Modification of compensation for members of the Afghanistan 
           War Commission.
Sec. 1083. Senate National Security Working Group.
Sec. 1084. Tribal liaisons at military installations.
Sec. 1085. Commercial integration cell plan within certain combatant 
           commands.

[[Page 137 STAT. 147]]

Sec. 1086. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by National 
           Guard.
Sec. 1087. Public disclosure of Afghanistan war records.
Sec. 1088. Implementation plan for Joint Concept for Competing.
Sec. 1089. Notification of safety and security concerns at certain 
           Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1090. Conduct of weather reconnaissance in the United States.
Sec. 1091. Sense of Congress regarding authority of Secretary of Defense 
           with respect to irregular warfare.
Sec. 1092. Red Hill health impacts.

                      TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL

Sec. 1101. Diversity, equity, and inclusion personnel grade cap.
Sec. 1102. Authorization to pay a living quarters allowance for 
           Department of the Navy civilian employees assigned to 
           permanent duty in Guam for performing work, or supporting 
           work being performed, aboard or dockside, of U.S. naval 
           vessels.
Sec. 1103. Consolidation of direct hire authorities for candidates with 
           specified degrees at science and technology reinvention 
           laboratories.
Sec. 1104. Direct hire authority for certain personnel of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
           premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
           civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Extension of authority to grant competitive status to 
           employees of inspectors general for overseas contingency 
           operations.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
           base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Exclusion of nonappropriated fund employees from limitations 
           on dual pay.
Sec. 1109. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
           allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
           official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1110. Modification to shore leave accrual for crews of vessels to 
           support crew rotations and improve retention of civilian 
           mariners.
Sec. 1111. Assessments of staffing in Office of the Under Secretary of 
           Defense for Personnel and Readiness.
Sec. 1112. Military Spouse Employment Act.
Sec. 1113. Amendments to the John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows 
           Program.
Sec. 1114. Including military service in determining family and medical 
           leave eligibility for Federal employees.
Sec. 1115. Exception to limitation on number of Senior Executive Service 
           positions for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1116. Extension of direct hire authority for the Department of 
           Defense for post-secondary students and recent graduates.
Sec. 1117. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at Space Force 
           schools.
Sec. 1118. Report and sunset relating to inapplicability of 
           certification of executive qualifications by qualification 
           review boards of Office of Personnel Management.
Sec. 1119. Expansion of noncompetitive appointment eligibility to 
           spouses of Department of Defense civilians.
Sec. 1120. Elimination of Government Accountability Office review 
           requirement relating to Department of Defense personnel 
           authorities.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of support of special operations for irregular 
           warfare.
Sec. 1202. Modification of combatant commander initiative fund.
Sec. 1203. Increase in small-scale construction limit and modification 
           of authority to build capacity.
Sec. 1204. Modifications to security cooperation workforce development 
           program and establishment of defense security cooperation 
           university.
Sec. 1205. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
           certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
           States military operations.
Sec. 1206. Extension of cross-servicing agreements for loan of personnel 
           protection and personnel survivability equipment in coalition 
           operations.
Sec. 1207. Modification of authority to provide support to certain 
           governments for border security operations.
Sec. 1208. Extension of legal institutional capacity building initiative 
           for foreign defense institutions.
Sec. 1209. Report on ex gratia payments.
Sec. 1210. Authority to provide mission training through distributed 
           simulation.

[[Page 137 STAT. 148]]

Sec. 1211. Requirement for military exercises.

 Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Other Authorities of the Department of 
                                 Defense

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority for expenditure of funds for 
           clandestine activities that support operational preparation 
           of the environment and non-conventional assisted recovery 
           capabilities.
Sec. 1222. Modification to the American, British, Canadian, and 
           Australian armies' program.
Sec. 1223. First modification of initiative to support protection of 
           national security academic researchers from undue influence 
           and other security threats.
Sec. 1224. Second modification of initiative to support protection of 
           national security academic researchers from undue influence 
           and other security threats.
Sec. 1225. Extension of authority for Department of Defense support for 
           stabilization activities in national security interest of the 
           United States.
Sec. 1226. Modification of Defense Operational Resilience International 
           Cooperation Pilot Program.
Sec. 1227. Extension of prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United 
           States aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing 
           civil war in Yemen.
Sec. 1228. Limitation on availability of funds for International 
           Security Cooperation Program.
Sec. 1229. Protection and legal preparedness for members of the Armed 
           Forces abroad.
Sec. 1230. Report on hostilities involving United States Armed Forces.
Sec. 1231. Congressional notification regarding the Global Engagement 
           Center.

        Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Ukraine, Russia, and NATO

Sec. 1241. Extension of Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative.
Sec. 1242. Extension and modification of certain temporary 
           authorizations related to munitions replacement.
Sec. 1243. Report relating to allied and partner support to Ukraine.
Sec. 1244. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds relating to 
           sovereignty of the Russian Federation over internationally 
           recognized territory of Ukraine.
Sec. 1245. Study and report on lessons learned regarding information 
           operations and deterrence.
Sec. 1246. Prohibition on New START treaty information sharing.
Sec. 1247. Black Sea security and development strategy.
Sec. 1248. Revival of authority for participation of NATO naval 
           personnel in submarine safety programs.
Sec. 1249. Extension and modification of training for Eastern European 
           national security forces in the course of multilateral 
           exercises.
Sec. 1250. U.S. basing, training, and exercises in North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization member countries.
Sec. 1250A. Limitation on withdrawal from the North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization.
Sec. 1250B. Oversight of programs and operations funded with amounts 
           appropriated by the United States for Ukraine.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Israel

Sec. 1251. Euro-NATO Joint Jet Pilot Training Program.
Sec. 1252. Extension of United States-Israel anti-tunnel cooperation.
Sec. 1253. Improvements relating to United States-Israel cooperation to 
           counter unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 1254. Modification of authority for cooperation on directed energy 
           capabilities.
Sec. 1255. Ensuring peace through strength in Israel.
Sec. 1256. Assistance to Israel for aerial refueling.
Sec. 1257. Rules governing transfer of aerial refueling tankers to 
           Israel.
Sec. 1258. Report.

   Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, Iran, and Afghanistan

Sec. 1261. Middle East integrated maritime domain awareness and 
           interdiction capability.
Sec. 1262. Modification of establishment of coordinator for detained 
           ISIS members and relevant populations in Syria.
Sec. 1263. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
           to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1264. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
           to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1265. Extension of authority to support operations and activities 
           of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.

[[Page 137 STAT. 149]]

Sec. 1266. Plan of action to equip and train Iraqi security forces and 
           Kurdish Peshmerga forces.
Sec. 1267. Prohibition on transfers to the Badr Organization.
Sec. 1268. Extension and modification of annual report on military power 
           of Iran.
Sec. 1269. Modification and update to report on military capabilities of 
           Iran and related activities.
Sec. 1270. Prohibition on funds to Iran.
Sec. 1271. Prohibition on transporting currency to the Taliban and the 
           Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1272. Prohibition on funding for the Taliban.

          TITLE XIII--OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

         Subtitle A--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1301. Sense of Congress on defense alliances and partnerships in 
           the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1302. Extension of Pacific Deterrence Initiative and report, 
           briefings, and plan under the Initiative.
Sec. 1303. Modification of pilot program to develop young civilian 
           defense leaders in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1304. Indo-Pacific campaigning initiative.
Sec. 1305. Indo-Pacific Maritime Domain Awareness Initiative.
Sec. 1306. Limitation on availability of funds pending feasibility study 
           regarding delivery of harpoon missiles to foreign security 
           partners.
Sec. 1307. Sense of Congress on Taiwan defense relations.
Sec. 1308. Oversight of Taiwan Enhanced Resilience Act.
Sec. 1309. Training, advising, and institutional capacity-building 
           program for military forces of Taiwan.
Sec. 1310. Prohibition on use of funds to support entertainment projects 
           with ties to the Government of the People's Republic of 
           China.
Sec. 1311. Determination on involvement of the People's Republic of 
           China in the Mexican fentanyl trade.
Sec. 1312. Analysis of certain biotechnology entities.
Sec. 1313. Studies on defense budget transparency of the People's 
           Republic of China and the United States.
Sec. 1314. Extension of authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin 
           cleanup.
Sec. 1315. Extension and modification of pilot program to improve cyber 
           cooperation with foreign military partners in Southeast Asia.
Sec. 1316. Enhancing major defense partnership with India.
Sec. 1317. Report on enhanced security cooperation with Japan.
Sec. 1318. Report and notification relating to transfer of operational 
           control on Korean Peninsula.
Sec. 1319. Study and report on command structure and force posture of 
           United States Armed Forces in the Indo-Pacific region.

          Subtitle B--Matters Relating to the AUKUS Partnership

Sec. 1321. Definitions.

                    Part 1--Administrative Provisions

Sec. 1331. AUKUS partnership oversight and accountability framework.
Sec. 1332. Designation of senior official for Department of Defense 
           activities relating to, and implementation plan for, the 
           AUKUS partnership.
Sec. 1333. Reporting related to the AUKUS partnership.

Part 2--Streamlining and Protecting Transfers of United States Military 
                       Technology From Compromise

Sec. 1341. Priority for Australia and the United Kingdom in Foreign 
           Military Sales and Direct Commercial Sales.
Sec. 1342. Identification and pre-clearance of platforms, technologies, 
           and equipment for sale to Australia and the United Kingdom 
           through Foreign Military Sales and Direct Commercial Sales.
Sec. 1343. Export control exemptions and standards.
Sec. 1344. Expedited review of export licenses for exports of advanced 
           technologies to Australia, the United Kingdom, and Canada.
Sec. 1345. United States Munitions List.

           Part 3--AUKUS Submarine Transfer Authorization Act

Sec. 1351. Short title.
Sec. 1352. Authorization of sales of Virginia Class submarines to 
           Australia.
Sec. 1353. Acceptance of contributions in support of Australia, United 
           Kingdom, and United States submarine security activities.

[[Page 137 STAT. 150]]

Sec. 1354. Appropriate congressional committees and leadership defined.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense Health Program.

                 Subtitle B--National Defense Stockpile

Sec. 1411.  Improvements to Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
           Piling Act.
Sec. 1412. Authority to dispose of materials from the National Defense 
           Stockpile.
Sec. 1413. Beginning balances of the National Defense Stockpile 
           Transaction Fund for audit purposes.
Sec. 1414. Critical mineral independence.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Modification of leasing authority of Armed Forces Retirement 
           Home.
Sec. 1422. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
           Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
           Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
           Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1423. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
           Home.

                  TITLE XV--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Cyber Operations

Sec. 1501. Performance metrics for pilot program on sharing cyber 
           capabilities and related information with foreign operational 
           partners.
Sec. 1502. Harmonization and clarification of Strategic Cybersecurity 
           Program and related matters.
Sec. 1503. Modification of authority to use operation and maintenance 
           funds for cyber operations-peculiar capability development 
           projects.
Sec. 1504. Quarterly briefings on joint all domain command and control 
           effort.
Sec. 1505. Authority for countering illegal trafficking by Mexican 
           transnational criminal organizations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1506. Development of cyber support mechanisms for geographic 
           combatant commands.
Sec. 1507. Review and plan relating to cyber red teams of Department of 
           Defense.

                        Subtitle B--Cybersecurity

Sec. 1511. Responsibility for cybersecurity and critical infrastructure 
           protection of defense industrial base.
Sec. 1512. Cybersecurity enhancements for nuclear command, control, and 
           communications network.
Sec. 1513. Pilot program relating to semiconductor supply chain and 
           Cybersecurity Collaboration Center.
Sec. 1514. Transfer of data and technology developed under MOSAICS 
           program.
Sec. 1515. Modernization program for network boundary and cross-domain 
           defense.
Sec. 1516. Establishment of certain identity, credential, and access 
           management activities as program of record.
Sec. 1517. Pilot program on assuring critical infrastructure support for 
           military contingencies.
Sec. 1518. Military cybersecurity cooperation with Taiwan.
Sec. 1519. Guidance regarding securing laboratories of the Armed Forces.

         Subtitle C--Information Technology and Data Management

Sec. 1521. Control and management of Department of Defense data; 
           establishment of Chief Digital and Artificial Intelligence 
           Officer Governing Council.
Sec. 1522. Modification to Department of Defense enterprise-wide 
           procurement of cyber data products and services.
Sec. 1523. Management of data assets by Chief Digital and Artificial 
           Intelligence Officer.
Sec. 1524. Course of education and pilot program on authentication of 
           digital content provenance for certain Department of Defense 
           media content.
Sec. 1525. Prize competitions for business systems modernization.
Sec. 1526. Requirements for deployment of fifth generation information 
           and communications capabilities to military installations and 
           other Department facilities.
Sec. 1527. Required policies to establish datalink strategy of 
           Department of Defense.

[[Page 137 STAT. 151]]

                          Subtitle D--Personnel

Sec. 1531. Office for academic engagement relating to cyber activities.
Sec. 1532. Selected Reserve order to active duty to respond to a 
           significant cyber incident.
Sec. 1533. Post-graduate employment of Department of Defense Cyber 
           Service Academy scholarship recipients in intelligence 
           community.
Sec. 1534. Minimum number of scholarships to be awarded annually through 
           Department of Defense Cyber Service Academy.
Sec. 1535. Pilot program and other measures to enhance readiness and 
           effectiveness of Cyber Mission Force.
Sec. 1536. Authority to conduct pilot program on Civilian Cybersecurity 
           Reserve.
Sec. 1537. Requirements for implementation of user activity monitoring 
           for certain personnel.
Sec. 1538. Study on occupational resiliency of Cyber Mission Force.

                   Subtitle E--Artificial Intelligence

Sec. 1541. Modification to acquisition authority of senior official with 
           principal responsibility for artificial intelligence and 
           machine learning.
Sec. 1542. Artificial intelligence bug bounty programs.
Sec. 1543. Prize competition for technology that detects and watermarks 
           use of generative artificial intelligence.
Sec. 1544. Plans, strategies, and other matters relating to artificial 
           intelligence.
Sec. 1545. Study to analyze vulnerability for artificial intelligence-
           enabled military applications.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 1551. Limitation on availability of funds for travel for Office of 
           Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness 
           pending strategy relating to Defense Travel System.
Sec. 1552. Management by Department of Defense of mobile applications.
Sec. 1553. Report on Department of Defense Enterprise capabilities for 
           cybersecurity.
Sec. 1554. Report on technology modernization for Army Human Resources 
           Command 2030 Transformation Plan.
Sec. 1555. Certification requirement regarding contracting for military 
           recruiting.

   TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
                                 MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Delegation of certain authority of explosive safety board.
Sec. 1602. Classification review of space major defense acquisition 
           programs.
Sec. 1603. Enhanced authority to increase space launch capacity through 
           space launch support services.
Sec. 1604. Principal Military Deputy for Space Acquisition and 
           Integration.
Sec. 1605. Modification to updates of space policy review.
Sec. 1606. Authorization for establishment of the National Space 
           Intelligence Center as a field operating agency.
Sec. 1607. Initial operational capability for Advanced Tracking and 
           Launch Analysis System and requirements for system-level 
           review.
Sec. 1608. Use of middle tier acquisition program for proliferated 
           warfighter space architecture of the Space Development 
           Agency.
Sec. 1609. Process and plan for Space Force space situational awareness.
Sec. 1610. Plan to improve threat-sharing arrangements with commercial 
           space operators.
Sec. 1611. Plan for an integrated and resilient satellite communications 
           architecture for the Space Force.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Military intelligence collection and analysis partnerships.

                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Establishment of major force program for nuclear command, 
           control, and communications programs.
Sec. 1632. Technical amendment to additional report matters on strategic 
           delivery systems.
Sec. 1633. Amendment to annual report on the plan for the nuclear 
           weapons stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons 
           delivery systems, and nuclear weapons command and control 
           systems.
Sec. 1634. Matters relating to the acquisition and deployment of the 
           Sentinel intercontinental ballistic missile weapon system.

[[Page 137 STAT. 152]]

Sec. 1635. Tasking and oversight authority with respect to 
           intercontinental ballistic missile site activation task force 
           for Sentinel Program.
Sec. 1636. Study of weapons programs that allow Armed Forces to address 
           hard and deeply buried targets.
Sec. 1637. Repeal of requirement for review of nuclear deterrence 
           postures.
Sec. 1638.  Retention of capability to redeploy multiple independently 
           targetable reentry vehicles.
Sec. 1639. Authorization to establish technology transition program for 
           strategic nuclear deterrence.
Sec. 1640. Matters relating to the nuclear-armed, sea-launched cruise 
           missile.
Sec. 1641. Requirements relating to operational silos for the Sentinel 
           intercontinental ballistic missile.
Sec. 1642. Long-term sustainment of Sentinel ICBM guidance system.
Sec. 1643. Integrated master schedule for the Sentinel missile program 
           of the Air Force.
Sec. 1644. Operational timeline for Strategic Automated Command and 
           Control System.
Sec. 1645. Pilot program on development of reentry vehicles and related 
           systems.
Sec. 1646. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
           missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1647.  Limitation on availability of funds pending compliance with 
           information requests from the Government Accountability 
           Office.
Sec. 1648. Congressional notification of decision to delay strategic 
           delivery system test event.
Sec. 1649. Congressional notification of nuclear cooperation between 
           Russia and China.
Sec. 1650. Plan for decreasing the time to upload additional warheads to 
           the intercontinental ballistic missile fleet.

                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1661. Deputy Director of Office of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1662. Modification of program accountability matrices requirements 
           for next generation interceptors for missile defense.
Sec. 1663. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1664. Modification of requirement for Comptroller General to review 
           and assess missile defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1665. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
           cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
           production.
Sec. 1666. Programs to achieve initial and full operational capabilities 
           for the Glide Phase Interceptor program.
Sec. 1667. Rescission of memorandum on missile defense governance.
Sec. 1668. Limitation on availability of funds for Office of Cost 
           Assessment and Program Evaluation until submission of report 
           on missile defense roles and responsibilities.
Sec. 1669. Strategy for integrated air and missile defense of Hawaii and 
           the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1670. Report on potential enhancements to integrated air and 
           missile defense capabilities in Europe.
Sec. 1671. Independent analysis of space-based missile defense 
           capability.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 1681. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
           facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1682. Electromagnetic warfare.
Sec. 1683. Cooperative threat reduction funds.
Sec. 1684. Matters relating to space-based ground and airborne moving 
           target indication systems.
Sec. 1685. Positioning, navigation, and timing.
Sec. 1686. Actions to address serious deficiencies in electronic 
           protection of systems that operate in the radio frequency 
           spectrum.
Sec. 1687. Limitation on use of funds for certain unreported programs.
Sec. 1688. Indo-Pacific missile strategy.
Sec. 1689. Study on the future of the Integrated Tactical Warning Attack 
           Assessment System.
Sec. 1690. Research and analysis on multipolar deterrence and escalation 
           dynamics.

              TITLE XVII--SPACE FORCE PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT

Sec. 1701. Short title.

   Subtitle A--Space Force Military Personnel System Without Component

Sec. 1711. Establishment of military personnel management system for the 
           Space Force.

[[Page 137 STAT. 153]]

Sec. 1712. Composition of the Space Force without component.
Sec. 1713. Definitions for single personnel management system for the 
           Space Force.
Sec. 1714. Basic policies relating to service in the Space Force.
Sec. 1715. Status and participation.
Sec. 1716. Officers.
Sec. 1717. Enlisted members.
Sec. 1718. Retention and separation generally.
Sec. 1719. Separation of officers for substandard performance of duty or 
           for certain other reasons.
Sec. 1719A. Retirement.

   Subtitle B--Conforming Amendments Related to Space Force Military 
                            Personnel System

Sec. 1721. Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions of title 
           10, United States Code.
Sec. 1722. Amendments to subtitle A of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 1723. Title 38, United States Code (Veterans' Benefits).

                    Subtitle C--Transition Provisions

Sec. 1731. Transition period.
Sec. 1732. Change of duty status of members of the Space Force.
Sec. 1733. Transfer to the Space Force of members of the reserve 
           components of the Air Force.
Sec. 1734. Placement of officers on the Space Force officer list.
Sec. 1735. Disestablishment of Regular Space Force.
Sec. 1736. End strength flexibility.
Sec. 1737. Promotion authority flexibility.

         Subtitle D--Other Amendments Related to the Space Force

Sec. 1741. Title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 1742. Other provisions of law.

                   TITLE XVIII--OTHER DEFENSE MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Other Defense Matters

Sec. 1801. Technical and conforming amendments.
Sec. 1802. Extension of authority to engage in certain commercial 
           activities.
Sec. 1803. Modification to requirements relating to combating military 
           reliance on Russian energy.
Sec. 1804. U.S. Hostage and Wrongful Detainee Day Act of 2023.
Sec. 1805. Improvements to Department of Veterans Affairs-Department of 
           Defense Joint Executive Committee.
Sec. 1806. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
           citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization who perform functions in support of military 
           operations of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1807. Extension of admission to Guam or the Commonwealth of the 
           Northern Mariana Islands for certain nonimmigrant H-2B 
           workers.
Sec. 1808. Support for execution of bilateral agreements concerning 
           illicit transnational maritime activity in Africa.
Sec. 1809. National Cold War Center designation.
Sec. 1810. Revision of requirement for transfer of certain aircraft to 
           State of California for wildfire suppression purposes.
Sec. 1811. Limitation on funds for Wuhan Institute of Virology and 
           EcoHealth Alliance, Inc.

                       Subtitle B--Drone Security

Sec. 1821. Short title.
Sec. 1822. Definitions.
Sec. 1823. Prohibition on procurement of covered unmanned aircraft 
           systems from covered foreign entities.
Sec. 1824. Prohibition on operation of covered unmanned aircraft systems 
           from covered foreign entities.
Sec. 1825. Prohibition on use of Federal funds for procurement and 
           operation of covered unmanned aircraft systems from covered 
           foreign entities.
Sec. 1826. Prohibition on use of Government-issued purchase cards to 
           purchase covered unmanned aircraft systems from covered 
           foreign entities.
Sec. 1827. Management of existing inventories of covered unmanned 
           aircraft systems from covered foreign entities.
Sec. 1828. Comptroller General report.
Sec. 1829. Government-wide policy for procurement of unmanned aircraft 
           systems.

[[Page 137 STAT. 154]]

Sec. 1830. State, local, and territorial law enforcement and emergency 
           service exemption.
Sec. 1831. Study.
Sec. 1832. Exceptions.
Sec. 1833. Sunset.

              Subtitle C--Unidentified Anomalous Phenomena

Sec. 1841. Unidentified anomalous phenomena records collection at the 
           National Archives and Records Administration.
Sec. 1842. Review, identification, transmission to the National 
           Archives, and public disclosure of unidentified anomalous 
           phenomena records by government offices.
Sec. 1843. Grounds for postponement of public disclosure of unidentified 
           anomalous phenomena records.

              Subtitle D--World Trade Center Health Program

Sec. 1851. Flexibility and funding for the World Trade Center Health 
           Program.
Sec. 1852. Extension of certain direct spending reductions.
Sec. 1853. Medicare improvement fund.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
           specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Extension of authority to use cash payments in special 
           account from land conveyance, Natick Soldier Systems Center, 
           Massachusetts.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authority to carry out fiscal year 2018 project 
           at Kunsan Air Base, Korea.
Sec. 2106. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
           Army military construction projects.
Sec. 2107. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2021 
           Army military construction projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2204. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
           Navy military construction projects.
Sec. 2205. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2021 
           Navy military construction projects.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2017 
           Air Force military construction projects.
Sec. 2305. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2018 
           Air Force military construction projects.
Sec. 2306. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
           Air Force military construction projects.
Sec. 2307. Extension of authority to carry out fiscal year 2021 Air 
           Force military construction projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401.  Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
           Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2018 
           Defense Agencies military construction projects.
Sec. 2405. Extension and modification of authority to carry out certain 
           fiscal year 2019 Defense Agencies military construction 
           projects.

[[Page 137 STAT. 155]]

Sec. 2406. Extension of authority to carry out fiscal year 2021 project 
           at Defense Fuel Support Point Tsurumi, Japan.
Sec. 2407. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2021 
           Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment projects.
Sec. 2408. Authority to carry out military construction projects to 
           improve certain fiscal year 2022 utility systems.
Sec. 2409. Additional authority to carry out certain military 
           construction projects to improve certain fiscal year 2023 
           utility systems.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Republic of Poland funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
           and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Extension of authority to carry out fiscal year 2018 project 
           at Hulman Regional Airport, Indiana.
Sec. 2608. Extension of authority to carry out fiscal year 2019 project 
           at Francis S. Gabreski Airport, New York.
Sec. 2609. Extension of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2021 
           National Guard and Reserve military construction projects.
Sec. 2610. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2023 
           project at Camp Pendleton, California.
Sec. 2611. Authority to conduct restoration and modernization projects 
           at the First City Troop Readiness Center in Philadelphia, 
           Pennsylvania.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
           closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
           Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
           closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

               Subtitle A--Military Construction Programs

Sec. 2801. Modifications to Defense Community Infrastructure Program.
Sec. 2802.  Modification to authority for unspecified minor 
           construction.
Sec. 2803. Application of dollar limitations for unspecified minor 
           military construction projects to locations outside the 
           United States.
Sec. 2804. Increase to amount of certain funds for military installation 
           resilience projects.
Sec. 2805. Authority for certain construction projects in friendly 
           foreign countries.
Sec. 2806. Temporary expansion of authority for use of one-step turn-key 
           procedures for repair projects.
Sec. 2807. Authorization of cost-plus incentive-fee contracting for 
           military construction projects to mitigate risk to the 
           Sentinel program schedule and cost.
Sec. 2808. Inclusion on Department of Defense Form 1391 of information 
           on consideration of certain methods of construction for 
           certain military construction projects.
Sec. 2809. Incorporation of cybersecurity supply chain risk management 
           tools and methods.
Sec. 2810. Authority for Indo-Pacific posture unspecified minor military 
           construction projects.
Sec. 2811. Authority to conduct energy resilience and conservation 
           projects at installations at which certain energy projects 
           have occurred.

                  Subtitle B--Military Housing Reforms

Sec. 2821. Establishment of the Military Family Readiness Working Group 
           for Military Housing.

[[Page 137 STAT. 156]]

Sec. 2822. Improvements to privatized military housing.
Sec. 2823. Notification relating to legal counsel for nondisclosure 
           agreements.
Sec. 2824. Inclusion of questions regarding military housing for members 
           of the Armed Forces in status of forces survey.
Sec. 2825. Implementation of Comptroller General recommendations 
           relating to strengthening oversight of privatized military 
           housing.

       Subtitle C--Covered Military Unaccompanied Housing Reforms

Sec. 2831. Design standards for covered military unaccompanied housing.
Sec. 2832. Establishment of standards for habitability of covered 
           military unaccompanied housing.
Sec. 2833. Modification of procedures for issuance of waivers of covered 
           privacy and configuration standards; temporary biannual 
           briefing.
Sec. 2834. Certification of habitability of covered military 
           unaccompanied housing.
Sec. 2835. Pilot program for military construction projects to replace 
           certain covered military unaccompanied housing facilities.
Sec. 2836. Establishment of civilian employees for oversight of covered 
           military unaccompanied housing.
Sec. 2837. Maintenance work order management process for covered 
           military unaccompanied housing.
Sec. 2838. Uniform index for evaluating the condition of covered 
           military unaccompanied housing facilities.
Sec. 2839. Annual reports on the condition of covered military 
           unaccompanied housing.
Sec. 2840. Submission of temporary housing support certification to 
           Members of Congress.
Sec. 2841. Elimination of flexibilities for construction standards for 
           covered military unaccompanied housing.

         Subtitle D--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2851. Guidance on Department of Defense-wide standards for access 
           to military installations.
Sec. 2852. Authority to make grants for security and fire protection for 
           former Army and Navy General Hospital, Hot Springs National 
           Park, Hot Springs, Arkansas; briefing.
Sec. 2853. Plan and report on critical infrastructure systems at 
           military installations.
Sec. 2854. Closure and disposal of the Pueblo Chemical Depot, Pueblo 
           County, Colorado.
Sec. 2855. Limitation on authority to modify or restrict public access 
           to Greenbury Point Conservation Area at Naval Support 
           Activity Annapolis, Maryland.
Sec. 2856. Authorization for the Secretary of the Navy to resolve the 
           electrical utility operations at Former Naval Air Station 
           Barbers Point, Hawaii.
Sec. 2857. Inclusion of military installation resilience in real 
           property management and installation master planning of 
           Department.
Sec. 2858. Modification of authority to relocate Joint Spectrum Center 
           to Fort Meade, Maryland.

                      Subtitle E--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2861. Extension of sunset for land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, 
           Lathrop, California.
Sec. 2862. Clarification of authority of Department of Defense to 
           conduct certain military activities at Nevada test and 
           training range.
Sec. 2863. Extensions, additions, and revisions to the Military Lands 
           Withdrawal Act of 1999 relating to the Barry M. Goldwater 
           Range, Arizona.
Sec. 2864. Land acquisition, Westmoreland State Park, Virginia.
Sec. 2865. Land conveyance, Naval Weapons Station Earle, New Jersey.
Sec. 2866. Land Conveyance, Paine Field Air National Guard Station, 
           Everett, Snohomish County, Washington.
Sec. 2867. Land conveyance, Wetzel County Memorial Army Reserve Center, 
           New Martinsville, West Virginia.
Sec. 2868. Land conveyance, BG J Sumner Jones Army Reserve Center, 
           Wheeling, West Virginia.

                 Subtitle F--Pilot Programs and Reports

Sec. 2871. Modification of pilot program on increased use of sustainable 
           building materials in military construction.
Sec. 2872. Modification of pilot program on establishment of account for 
           reimbursement for use of testing facilities at installations 
           of the Department of the Air Force.

[[Page 137 STAT. 157]]

Sec. 2873. Pilot program to provide air purification technology in 
           covered military housing.
Sec. 2874. Joint Housing Requirements and Market Analysis for certain 
           military installations in Hawaii.
Sec. 2875. Quarterly briefings on military construction related to the 
           Sentinel intercontinental ballistic missile weapon system 
           program.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Increase of limitation on fee for architectural and 
           engineering services procured by military departments.
Sec. 2882. Development and operation of Marine Corps Heritage Center and 
           National Museum of the Marine Corps.
Sec. 2883. Technical corrections.
Sec. 2884. Modification of authority of Secretary of the Army to enter 
           into cooperative agreements relating to access and management 
           of Air Force Memorial.
Sec. 2885. Designation of National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air 
           Force.
Sec. 2886. Continuing education curriculum on use of innovative products 
           for military construction projects.
Sec. 2887. Guidance on encroachment that affects covered sites.
Sec. 2888. Extension and modification of annual updates to master plans 
           and investment strategies for Army ammunition plants.
Sec. 2889. Limitation on use of funds for United States Space Command 
           Headquarters.
Sec. 2890.  Plan for use of excess construction materials on southwest 
           border.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Transfer of cybersecurity responsibilities to Administrator 
           for Nuclear Security.
Sec. 3112. Redesignating duties related to departmental radiological and 
           nuclear incident responses.
Sec. 3113. Cybersecurity Risk Inventory, Assessment, and Mitigation 
           Working Group.
Sec. 3114. Modification of authority to establish certain contracting, 
           program management, scientific, engineering, and technical 
           positions.
Sec. 3115. Criminal penalties for interference with the transport of 
           special nuclear materials, nuclear weapons components, or 
           restricted data.
Sec. 3116. Prohibition on expansion of Advanced Recovery and Integrated 
           Extraction System pending achievement of 30 pit-per-year base 
           capability.
Sec. 3117. Plutonium Modernization Program management.
Sec. 3118. Modification of certain requirements and authorities relating 
           to the removal or security of fissile materials, radiological 
           materials, and related equipment at vulnerable sites 
           worldwide.
Sec. 3119. Extension of briefing and reporting requirements for certain 
           National Nuclear Security Administration contracts.
Sec. 3120. Modification of minor construction threshold for plant 
           projects.
Sec. 3121. Modifications relating to unfunded priorities of the National 
           Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3122. Limitation on establishing an enduring bioassurance program 
           within the National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3123. Modification of reporting requirements for uranium 
           capabilities replacement project.
Sec. 3124. Prohibition on availability of funds for naval nuclear fuel 
           systems based on low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3125. Prohibition on availability of funds to reconvert or retire 
           W76-2 warheads.
Sec. 3126. Limitation on availability of funds pending submittal of 
           spend plan for development of sea-launched cruise missile 
           warhead.
Sec. 3127. Deadlines for commencement of operations of certain atomic 
           energy replacement projects.

[[Page 137 STAT. 158]]

Sec. 3128. Integrated schedule for future-years nuclear security 
           program.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 3131. U.S. nuclear fuel security initiative.
Sec. 3132. Updated financial integration policy.
Sec. 3133. Plan for domestic enrichment capability to satisfy Department 
           of Defense uranium requirements.
Sec. 3134. Briefings on implementation of enhanced mission delivery 
           initiative.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                   TITLE XXXV--MARITIME ADMINISTRATION

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of appropriations for Maritime Administration.

                   Subtitle B--Maritime Infrastructure

Sec. 3511. Port infrastructure development program eligible projects.
Sec. 3512. Assistance for small inland river and coastal ports and 
           terminals.
Sec. 3513. Port infrastructure development program: eligibility of shore 
           power projects; selection criteria.
Sec. 3514. Codification of existing language; technical amendments.

                           Subtitle C--Reports

Sec. 3521. Reports on maritime industry, policies, and programs.
Sec. 3522. Reports on availability of used sealift vessels and the 
           scrapping and recycling of imported vessels.
Sec. 3523. Study on foreign ownership and control of marine terminals.
Sec. 3524. Reports to Congress.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3531. Cargoes procured, furnished, or financed by the United States 
           Government.
Sec. 3532. Recapitalization of National Defense Reserve Fleet.
Sec. 3533. United States Merchant Marine Academy and Coast Guard Academy 
           matters; Maritime Administration requirements.
Sec. 3534. Maritime workforce working group.
Sec. 3535. Consideration of life-cycle cost estimates for acquisition 
           and procurement of vessels.
Sec. 3536. Loans for retrofitting to qualify as a vessel of the United 
           States.
Sec. 3537. Accountability for National Maritime Strategy.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

[[Page 137 STAT. 159]]

                        DIVISION E--OTHER MATTERS

                    TITLE L--VETERANS AFFAIRS MATTERS

Sec. 5001. Adjustment of threshold amount for minor medical facility 
           projects of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 5002. Grave markers at Santa Fe National Cemetery, New Mexico.
Sec. 5003. Improving processing by Department of Veterans Affairs of 
           disability claims for post-traumatic stress disorder through 
           improved training.

                       TITLE LI--JUDICIARY MATTERS

Sec. 5101. Prohibition of demand for bribe.
Sec. 5102. Preventing child sex abuse.
Sec. 5103. Recognition as corporation and grant of Federal charter for 
           National American Indian Veterans, Incorporated.
Sec. 5104. Visa availability for government employee immigrant visa 
           program.

             TITLE LII--OVERSIGHT AND ACCOUNTABILITY MATTERS

Sec. 5201. Establishment of higher rates of regularly scheduled overtime 
           pay for United States Border Patrol agents classified at GS-
           12.

            TITLE LIII--FEDERAL DATA AND INFORMATION SECURITY

Sec. 5301. Short title.
Sec. 5302. Federal Data Center Consolidation Initiative amendments.

                   TITLE LIV--FOREIGN AFFAIRS MATTERS

                 Subtitle A--Combating Global Corruption

Sec. 5401. Short title.
Sec. 5402. Definitions.
Sec. 5403. Publication and provision of lists regarding progress on 
           anti-corruption efforts.
Sec. 5404. Minimum standards for the elimination of corruption and 
           assessment of efforts to combat corruption.
Sec. 5405. Imposition of sanctions under Global Magnitsky Human Rights 
           Accountability Act.
Sec. 5406. Designation of embassy anti-corruption points of contact.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 5411. Global cooperative framework to end human rights abuses in 
           sourcing critical minerals.
Sec. 5412. Connecting Oceania's Nations with Vanguard Exercises and 
           National Empowerment.
Sec. 5413. Ending China's developing nation status.
Sec. 5414. Permitting for international bridges.

                TITLE LV--EDUCATION AND WORKFORCE MATTERS

Sec. 5501. Amendments to the Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
           Compensation Program Act of 2000.

          TITLE LVI--TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE MATTERS

Sec. 5601. Extension of prohibition on provision of airport improvement 
           grant funds to certain entities that have violated 
           intellectual property rights of United States entities.
Sec. 5602. Nogales wastewater improvement.
Sec. 5603. International Port Security Enforcement Act.

      TITLE LVII--ARCHITECT OF THE CAPITOL APPOINTMENT ACT OF 2023

Sec. 5701. Short title.
Sec. 5702. Appointment and term of service of Architect of the Capitol.
Sec. 5703. Appointment of Deputy Architect of the Capitol; vacancy in 
           Architect or Deputy Architect.
Sec. 5704. Deputy Architect of the Capitol to serve as acting in case of 
           absence, disability, or vacancy.

                 TITLE LVIII--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS

Sec. 5801. Assessment of gifts and grants to United States institutions 
           of higher education from entities on the Non-SDN Chinese 
           Military-Industrial Complex Companies List.

        DIVISION F--DEPARTMENT OF STATE AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2023

Sec. 6001. Short title; table of contents.

[[Page 137 STAT. 160]]

Sec. 6002. Definitions.

           TITLE LXI--DIPLOMATIC SECURITY AND CONSULAR AFFAIRS

Sec. 6101. Special hiring authority for passport services.
Sec. 6102. Quarterly report on passport wait times.
Sec. 6103. Passport travel advisories.
Sec. 6104. Strategy to ensure access to passport services for all 
           Americans.
Sec. 6105. Strengthening the National Passport Information Center.
Sec. 6106. Strengthening passport customer visibility and transparency.
Sec. 6107. Annual Office of Authentications report.
Sec. 6108. Publication and updates of estimated time for processing of 
           passport applications.
Sec. 6109. Authority to designate additional passport acceptance agents.
Sec. 6110. Notification of passport expiration.
Sec. 6111. Use of commercially available technology in online passport 
           renewal program.
Sec. 6112. Electronic payment for passport application fees.
Sec. 6113. Agreements with foreign countries regarding passports nearing 
           expiration.
Sec. 6114. Passport fee exception for search, rescue, and other related 
           disaster relief operations.
Sec. 6115. Increased accountability in assignment restrictions and 
           reviews.
Sec. 6116. Suitability reviews for Foreign Service Institute 
           instructors.
Sec. 6117. Diplomatic security fellowship programs.

                      TITLE LXII--PERSONNEL MATTERS

             Subtitle A--Hiring, Promotion, and Development

Sec. 6201. Adjustment to promotion precepts.
Sec. 6202. Hiring authorities.
Sec. 6203. Extending paths to service for paid student interns.
Sec. 6204. Lateral Entry Program.
Sec. 6205. Mid-Career Mentoring Program.
Sec. 6206. Report on the Foreign Service Institute's language program.
Sec. 6207. Consideration of career civil servants as chiefs of missions.
Sec. 6208. Civil service rotational program.
Sec. 6209. Reporting requirement on chiefs of mission.
Sec. 6210. Report on chiefs of mission and deputy chiefs of mission.
Sec. 6211. Efforts to improve retention and prevent retaliation.
Sec. 6212. National advertising campaign.
Sec. 6213. Expansion of diplomats in residence programs.

            Subtitle B--Pay, Benefits, and Workforce Matters

Sec. 6221. Education allowance.
Sec. 6222. Improving mental health services for foreign and civil 
           servants.
Sec. 6223. Emergency back-up care.
Sec. 6224. Exception for government-financed air transportation.
Sec. 6225. Internet at hardship posts.
Sec. 6226. Competitive local compensation plan.
Sec. 6227. Supporting tandem spouses in the Foreign Service.
Sec. 6228. Accessibility at diplomatic missions.
Sec. 6229. Report on breastfeeding accommodations overseas.
Sec. 6230. Determining the effectiveness of knowledge transfers between 
           Foreign Service Officers.
Sec. 6231. Education allowance for dependents of Department of State 
           employees located in United States territories.
Sec. 6232. Overtime pay exception for protective services.

          TITLE LXIII--INFORMATION SECURITY AND CYBER DIPLOMACY

Sec. 6301. Data-informed diplomacy.
Sec. 6302. Establishment and expansion of the Bureau Chief Data Officer 
           Program.
Sec. 6303. Establishment of the Chief Artificial Intelligence Officer of 
           the Department of State.
Sec. 6304. Strengthening the Chief Information Officer of the Department 
           of State.
Sec. 6305. Sense of Congress on strengthening enterprise governance.
Sec. 6306. Digital connectivity and cybersecurity partnership.
Sec. 6307. Establishment of a cyberspace, digital connectivity, and 
           related technologies (CDT) fund.
Sec. 6308. Cyber protection support for personnel of the Department of 
           State in positions highly vulnerable to cyber attack.
Sec. 6309. Implementation of GAO High Risk List recommendations.

[[Page 137 STAT. 161]]

                 TITLE LXIV--ORGANIZATION AND OPERATIONS

Sec. 6401. Personal services contractors.
Sec. 6402. Hard-to-fill posts.
Sec. 6403. Enhanced oversight of the Office of Civil Rights.
Sec. 6404. Crisis response operations.
Sec. 6405. Special Envoy to the Pacific Islands Forum.
Sec. 6406. Special Envoy for Belarus.
Sec. 6407. Presidential Envoy for the Abraham Accords, Negev Forum, and 
           Related Integration and Normalization Fora and Agreements.
Sec. 6408. Overseas placement of special appointment positions.
Sec. 6409. Resources for United States nationals unlawfully or 
           wrongfully detained abroad.
Sec. 6410. Establishment of fiscal responsibility award.

                      TITLE LXV--ECONOMIC DIPLOMACY

Sec. 6501. Report on recruitment, retention, and promotion of Foreign 
           Service economic officers.
Sec. 6502. Mandate to revise Department of State metrics for successful 
           economic and commercial diplomacy.
Sec. 6503. Direction to embassy deal teams.
Sec. 6504. Establishment of a ``Deal Team of the Year'' award.

                      TITLE LXVI--PUBLIC DIPLOMACY

Sec. 6601. Public diplomacy outreach.
Sec. 6602. Modification on use of funds for Radio Free Europe/Radio 
           Liberty.
Sec. 6603. Report on Radio Free Africa and Radio Free Americas.
Sec. 6604. John Lewis Civil Rights Fellowship program.
Sec. 6605. Domestic engagement and public affairs.
Sec. 6606. Modernization and enhancement strategy.

                       TITLE LXVII--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 6701. Internships of United States nationals at international 
           organizations.
Sec. 6702. Training for international organizations.
Sec. 6703. Infrastructure projects and investments by the United States 
           and People's Republic of China.
Sec. 6704. Special envoys.
Sec. 6705. US-ASEAN Center.
Sec. 6706. Briefings on the United States-European Union Trade and 
           Technology Council.
Sec. 6707. Modification and repeal of reports.
Sec. 6708. Art in embassies.
Sec. 6709. Institute for Transatlantic Engagement.
Sec. 6710. Notification of revocation of clearances.

     DIVISION G--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2024

Sec. 7001. Short title.
Sec. 7002. Definitions.
Sec. 7003. Explanatory statement.

                    TITLE I--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 7101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7102. Classified Schedule of Authorizations.
Sec. 7103. Intelligence Community Management Account.
Sec. 7104. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
           law.
Sec. 7105. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.

 TITLE II--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 7201. Authorization of appropriations.

                TITLE III--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 7301. Plan to recruit, train, and retain personnel with experience 
           in financial intelligence and emerging technologies.
Sec. 7302. Policy and performance framework for mobility of intelligence 
           community workforce.
Sec. 7303. Standards, criteria, and guidance for counterintelligence 
           vulnerability assessments and surveys.

[[Page 137 STAT. 162]]

Sec. 7304. Improving administration of certain post-employment 
           restrictions for intelligence community.
Sec. 7305. Mission of the National Counterintelligence and Security 
           Center.
Sec. 7306. Budget transparency on costs of implementation of Executive 
           Order 13556.
Sec. 7307. Improvements relating to intelligence community staffing, 
           details, and assignments.
Sec. 7308. Insider threats.
Sec. 7309. Modification of deadline for annual submission of National 
           Intelligence Priorities Framework.
Sec. 7310. Matters relating to chief data officers of intelligence 
           community.
Sec. 7311. Modification to special pay authority for science, 
           technology, engineering, or mathematics positions.
Sec. 7312. Annual report on unfunded priorities of intelligence 
           community.
Sec. 7313. Submission of legislative proposals.
Sec. 7314. Annual report on reporting requirements.
Sec. 7315. Notice and damage assessment with respect to significant 
           unauthorized disclosure or compromise of classified national 
           intelligence.
Sec. 7316. In-state tuition rates for certain members of intelligence 
           community.
Sec. 7317. Repeal of study on personnel under Strategic Intelligence 
           Partnership Program.
Sec. 7318. Intelligence Community Counterintelligence Office at the 
           Department of Agriculture.
Sec. 7319. Sunset of Climate Security Advisory Council.
Sec. 7320. Inclusion of counternarcotics as special topic in certain 
           budget justification materials.
Sec. 7321. Development of plan to make open-source intelligence products 
           available to certain Federal employees.
Sec. 7322. Intelligence community-wide policy on prepublication review.
Sec. 7323. Review relating to confidential human source program of 
           Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Sec. 7324. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain activities 
           and assessment of the Overt Human Intelligence and Open 
           Source Intelligence Collection Programs of the Office of 
           Intelligence and Analysis of the Department of Homeland 
           Security.
Sec. 7325. Sense of Congress on priority of fentanyl in National 
           Intelligence Priorities Framework.
Sec. 7326. Reports on civilian casualties caused by certain operations 
           of foreign governments.
Sec. 7327. Modification and repeal of reporting requirements.

                 Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 7331. Change to penalties and increased availability of mental 
           health treatment for unlawful conduct on Central Intelligence 
           Agency installations.
Sec. 7332. Modifications to procurement authorities of the Central 
           Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 7333. Inspector General of the Central Intelligence Agency 
           quarterly employee engagement summaries.
Sec. 7334. Benjamin Tallmadge Institute as primary Central Intelligence 
           Agency entity for education and training in 
           counterintelligence.
Sec. 7335. Central Intelligence Agency intelligence assessment of 
           Sinaloa Cartel and Jalisco Cartel.
Sec. 7336. Central Intelligence Agency intelligence assessment with 
           respect to efforts by People's Republic of China to increase 
           influence in Middle East.
Sec. 7337. Assessment of availability of mental health and chaplain 
           services to Agency employees.
Sec. 7338. Assessment by Director of Central Intelligence Agency on 
           certain effects of Abraham Accords.
Sec. 7339. Reporting and investigating allegations of sexual assault and 
           sexual harassment within the Central Intelligence Agency.

   Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Defense Intelligence and Overhead 
                              Architecture

Sec. 7341. Modification of reporting requirement for All-Domain Anomaly 
           Resolution Office.
Sec. 7342. Defense Intelligence Agency assessment of strategic 
           competition in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Sec. 7343. Funding limitations relating to unidentified anomalous 
           phenomena.

  Subtitle D--Matters Relating to National Security Agency, Cyber, and 
                       Commercial Cloud Enterprise

Sec. 7351. Congressional notification by National Security Agency of 
           intelligence collection adjustments.

[[Page 137 STAT. 163]]

Sec. 7352. Modifications to enforcement of cybersecurity requirements 
           for national security systems.
Sec. 7353. Support by intelligence community for certain cross-
           functional team of Department of Defense.
Sec. 7354. Commercial Cloud Enterprise notification.
Sec. 7355. Commercial Cloud Enterprise sole source task order 
           notification requirement.
Sec. 7356. Analysis of commercial cloud initiatives of intelligence 
           community.

             TITLE IV--MATTERS CONCERNING FOREIGN COUNTRIES

                 Subtitle A--People's Republic of China

Sec. 7401. Intelligence community coordinator for accountability of 
           atrocities of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 7402. Interagency working group and report on the malign efforts of 
           the People's Republic of China in Africa.
Sec. 7403. Amendment to requirement for annual assessment by 
           intelligence community working group for monitoring the 
           economic and technological capabilities of the People's 
           Republic of China.
Sec. 7404. Assessments of reciprocity in the relationship between the 
           United States and the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 7405. Assessment of threat posed to United States ports by cranes 
           manufactured by countries of concern.
Sec. 7406. Intelligence assessment of influence operations by People's 
           Republic of China toward Pacific Islands countries.
Sec. 7407. Independent study on economic impact of military invasion of 
           Taiwan by People's Republic of China.
Sec. 7408. Report by Director of National Intelligence on Uyghur 
           genocide.

                   Subtitle B--Other Foreign Countries

Sec. 7411. Report on efforts to capture and detain United States 
           citizens as hostages.
Sec. 7412. Intelligence assessments regarding Haiti.
Sec. 7413. Monitoring Iranian enrichment of uranium-235.

   TITLE V--MATTERS PERTAINING TO UNITED STATES ECONOMIC AND EMERGING 
          TECHNOLOGY COMPETITION WITH UNITED STATES ADVERSARIES

                       Subtitle A--General Matters

Sec. 7501. Detail of individuals from intelligence community to 
           Department of Commerce.
Sec. 7502. Intelligence Community Innovation Unit.
Sec. 7503. Establishment of Office of Engagement.
Sec. 7504. Designation of a chief technology officer within certain 
           elements of the intelligence community.
Sec. 7505. Requirement to authorize additional security clearances for 
           certain contractors.
Sec. 7506. Intelligence Innovation Board.
Sec. 7507. Programs for next-generation microelectronics in support of 
           artificial intelligence.
Sec. 7508. Program for Beyond 5G.
Sec. 7509. Intelligence community commercial remote sensing 
           requirements.
Sec. 7510. Requirement to ensure intelligence community directives 
           appropriately account for artificial intelligence and machine 
           learning tools in intelligence products.

   Subtitle B--Next-generation Energy, Biotechnology, and Artificial 
                              Intelligence

Sec. 7511. Expanded annual assessment of economic and technological 
           capabilities of the People's Republic of China and related 
           briefing.
Sec. 7512. Assessment of using civil nuclear energy for intelligence 
           community capabilities.
Sec. 7513. Policies established by Director of National Intelligence for 
           artificial intelligence capabilities.

                     TITLE VI--CLASSIFICATION REFORM

Sec. 7601. Short title.
Sec. 7602. Promoting efficient declassification review.
Sec. 7603. Training to promote sensible classification.
Sec. 7604. Improvements to Public Interest Declassification Board.

[[Page 137 STAT. 164]]

Sec. 7605. Implementation of technology for classification and 
           declassification.
Sec. 7606. Studies and recommendations on necessity of security 
           clearances.

           TITLE VII--SECURITY CLEARANCE AND TRUSTED WORKFORCE

Sec. 7701. Review of shared information technology services for 
           personnel vetting.
Sec. 7702. Timeliness standard for rendering determinations of trust for 
           personnel vetting.
Sec. 7703. Annual report on personnel vetting trust determinations.
Sec. 7704. Survey to assess strengths and weaknesses of Trusted 
           Workforce 2.0.

                 TITLE VIII--ANOMALOUS HEALTH INCIDENTS

Sec. 7801. Improved funding flexibility for payments made by the Central 
           Intelligence Agency for qualifying injuries to the brain.
Sec. 7802. Clarification of requirements to seek certain benefits 
           relating to injuries to the brain.
Sec. 7803. Intelligence community implementation of HAVANA Act of 2021 
           authorities.
Sec. 7804. Report and briefings on Central Intelligence Agency handling 
           of anomalous health incidents.

                         TITLE IX--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 7901. Technical corrections.
Sec. 7902. Extension of title VII of FISA.

SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 note.>>  CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE 
                    COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States 
Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report or 
amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Limitation on availability of funds pending assessment of Army 
           Trackless Moving Target systems.
Sec. 112. Strategy for Army tactical wheeled vehicle program.
Sec. 113. Report on acquisition strategies for the logistics 
           augmentation program of the Army.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Modification of requirements for minimum number of carrier air 
           wings of the Navy.
Sec. 122. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
           port waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 123. Multiyear procurement authority for Virginia class submarine 
           program.
Sec. 124. Procurement authority for Auxiliary Personnel Lighter program.
Sec. 125. Limitation on reductions to V-22 aircraft nacelle improvement 
           program.
Sec. 126.  Limitation on consideration of Government-operated dry docks 
           in certain contract solicitations.

[[Page 137 STAT. 165]]

Sec. 127. Annual reports on use of Government docks for ship repair and 
           maintenance.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Limitation on retirement of F-15 aircraft and modification of 
           related reporting requirement.
Sec. 132. Limitations and minimum inventory requirement relating to RQ-4 
           aircraft.
Sec. 133. Temporary exception to minimum inventory requirement for 
           fighter aircraft of the Air Force.
Sec. 134. Modification of minimum inventory requirements for C-130 
           aircraft.
Sec. 135. Modification of annual reports on T-7A Advanced Pilot Training 
           System.
Sec. 136. Modification to prohibition on certain reductions to B-1 
           bomber aircraft squadrons.
Sec. 137. Modification of minimum inventory requirements for A-10 
           aircraft.
Sec. 138. Procurement authority for over-the-horizon radar systems.
Sec. 139. Prohibition on availability of funds for retirement of KC-135 
           aircraft.
Sec. 140. Prohibition on reduction of KC-135 aircraft in PMAI of the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 141. Limitation on issuance of acquisition strategy for the KC-135 
           recapitalization program.
Sec. 142. Prohibition on certain reductions to inventory of E-3 airborne 
           warning and control system aircraft.
Sec. 143. Prohibition on availability of funds for termination of 
           production lines for the HH-60W aircraft.
Sec. 144. Limitation on retirement of F-16C/D aircraft.
Sec. 145. Limitation on procurement of KC-46A aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on actions relating to remote vision systems of KC-
           46A aircraft.
Sec. 147.  Limitation on retirement of T-1A training aircraft.
Sec. 148. Plan for long-term Air Force fighter force structure.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Annual report on force structure changes exhibit for the 
           defense budget.
Sec. 152. Multiyear procurement authority for domestically processed 
           critical minerals.
Sec. 153. Prohibition on solicitation of proprietary armor for certain 
           tactical vehicles.
Sec. 154. Prohibition on availability of funds for procurement of 
           certain batteries.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2024 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force and the Space Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4101.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING ASSESSMENT 
                        OF ARMY TRACKLESS MOVING TARGET SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2024 for the Trackless 
Moving Target program of the Army, not more than 75 percent may be 
obligated or expended to procure or further develop the Trackless Moving 
Target-Infantry variant until the Secretary of the Army--
            (1) acting through the Army Combat Capabilities Development 
        Command, conducts an assessment of the Trackless Moving Target-
        Infantry variant, which shall include--

[[Page 137 STAT. 166]]

                    (A) obtaining end-user feedback regarding such 
                variant; and
                    (B) comparing the performance of such variant 
                against the applicable program requirements set forth in 
                the report of Secretary of the Army titled ``Autonomous 
                Robotic Targets for Small Arms Range Training'', as 
                submitted to Congress in March 2023;
            (2) obtains direct soldier feedback on the current Trackless 
        Moving Target program;
            (3) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  certifies to the congressional 
        defense committees that the acquisition strategy of the Army for 
        the Trackless Moving Target-Infantry variant meets the program 
        requirements set forth in the report referred to in paragraph 
        (1)(B); and
            (4) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submits to the congressional defense 
        committees the report required under subsection (b).

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
completion of the assessment and soldier feedback required under 
paragraphs (1) and (2) of subsection (a), the Secretary of the Army 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes--
            (1) detailed results of the assessment conducted under 
        subsection (a)(1), including a comparison of the Trackless 
        Moving Target-Infantry variant under development by the Army to 
        other operationally deployed, commercially available targets in 
        use by other Armed Forces;
            (2) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the soldier feedback 
        obtained under subsection (a)(2); and
            (3) <<NOTE: Certification. Compliance.>>  a certification 
        that the development of the Trackless Moving Target-Infantry 
        variant is in compliance with the requirements of section 4061 
        of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 112. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7013 note.>>  STRATEGY FOR ARMY TACTICAL 
                        WHEELED VEHICLE PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods. Reports.>>  Strategy Required.--In the 
budget justification materials submitted in support of the budget of the 
Department of Defense (as submitted with the budget of the President 
under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) for each of 
fiscal years 2025, 2030, and 2035, the Secretary of the Army shall 
include a report on the strategy of the Army for tactical wheeled 
vehicles.

    (b) Requirements for Strategy.--Each strategy required by subsection 
(a) shall--
            (1) align with the applicable national defense strategy 
        under section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code, and 
        applicable policies;
            (2) be designed so that the force of tactical wheeled 
        vehicles provided under the strategy supports the national 
        security strategy of the United States as set forth in the most 
        recent national security strategy report of the President under 
        section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        3043); and
            (3) define capabilities and capacity requirements across the 
        entire fleet of tactical wheeled vehicles, including--
                    (A) light, medium, and heavy tactical wheeled 
                vehicles; and
                    (B) associated trailer and support equipment.

    (c) Strategy Elements.--Each strategy required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:

[[Page 137 STAT. 167]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A detailed program for the 
        construction of light, medium, and heavy tactical wheeled 
        vehicles for the Army over the period of five fiscal years 
        following the date of the strategy.
            (2) A description of the necessary force structure and 
        capabilities of tactical wheeled vehicles to meet the 
        requirements of the national security strategy described in 
        subsection (b)(2).
            (3) <<NOTE: Funding estimate.>>  The estimated levels of 
        annual funding, by vehicle class, in both graphical and tabular 
        form, necessary to carry out the program described in paragraph 
        (1), together with a discussion of the procurement strategies on 
        which such estimated levels of annual funding are based.
            (4) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  The estimated total cost of 
        construction for each vehicle class used to determine the 
        estimated levels of annual funding described in paragraph (3).

    (d) Considerations.--In developing each strategy required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary of the Army shall consider the following 
objectives and factors:
            (1) Objectives relating to protection, fleet operations, 
        mission command, mobility, and the industrial base.
            (2) Technological advances that are expected to increase 
        efficiency of and reduce demand for tactical wheeled vehicles.
            (3) Technological advances that allow for the operation of 
        tactical wheeled vehicles in a variety of climate and geographic 
        conditions.
            (4) Existing commercial technologies such as vehicle 
        electrification, autonomous capabilities, and predictive 
        maintenance, among others.
            (5) The capabilities of autonomous equivalents to tactical 
        wheeled vehicles.

    (e) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing Requirements.--Not later than 15 
days after each budget submission described in subsection (a), in 
conjunction with the submission of each strategy required by such 
subsection, the Secretary of the Army shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing that addresses the investment needed for 
each platform of tactical wheeled vehicle of the Army across the period 
covered by the most recent future-years defense program submitted to 
Congress under section 221 of title 10, United States Code (as of the 
date of the briefing).
SEC. 113. REPORT ON ACQUISITION STRATEGIES FOR THE LOGISTICS 
                        AUGMENTATION PROGRAM OF THE ARMY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Review.>>  In General.--The Secretary of the Army, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Defense and the commanders of the 
geographic combatant commands, shall conduct a review of the proposed 
recompete of the operational task orders of the geographic combatant 
commands under the LOGCAP V contract.

    (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  A business case analysis of the 
        cost and operational benefit of recompeting the task orders 
        described in subsection (a).
            (2) Input from stakeholders, including the Commanding 
        General of Army Sustainment Command, the commanders of the 
        geographic combatant commands, and the commanders of the Army 
        Service Component Commands, on the desirability

[[Page 137 STAT. 168]]

        and operational effects of the proposed recompete described in 
        subsection (a).
            (3) <<NOTE: Cost estimates. Timelines.>>  Detailed cost 
        estimates and timelines, including projected transition costs 
        and timelines for the task orders described in subsection (a).
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the potential 
        effects of the recompete described in subsection (a) on--
                    (A) the quality and timing of the work performed 
                under the task orders described in such subsection; and
                    (B) the ability of the Army to transition to the 
                LOGCAP VI contract, including any effects on the quality 
                and timing of such transition.
            (5) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of recompeting the task 
        orders described in subsection (a) compared to transitioning 
        directly to the LOGCAP VI contract instead of recompeting such 
        task orders.
            (6) <<NOTE: Overview.>>  An overview of potential 
        innovations and efficiencies derived from a competition for the 
        LOGCAP VI contract.
            (7) An explanation of the benefit of recompeting the task 
        orders described in subsection (a) compared to conducting an 
        open competition for the LOGCAP VI contract instead of 
        recompeting such task orders.
            (8) A breakdown of any additional authorities needed to move 
        directly to the LOGCAP VI contract instead of recompeting the 
        task orders described in subsection (a).

    (c) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the results of the review conducted under subsection (a), including 
the results of the review with respect to each element specified in 
subsection (b).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``LOGCAP V contract'' means the contract for 
        the logistics augmentation program of the Army that is due to 
        expire in 2028.
            (2) The term ``LOGCAP VI contract'' means a successor 
        contract for the logistics augmentation program of the Army that 
        is expected to be entered into following the expiration of the 
        LOGCAP V contract.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR MINIMUM NUMBER OF 
                        CARRIER AIR WINGS OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Modification of Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (e) of section 8062 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended to read as follows--

    ``(e) The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that--
            ``(1) the Navy maintains a minimum of 9 carrier air wings; 
        and
            ``(2) for each such carrier air wing, the Navy maintains a 
        dedicated and fully staffed headquarters.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: Reports. 10 USC 8062 note.>>  Effective date.--
        The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect one year 
        after the date on which the Secretary of the Navy submits to 
        Congress the report required under subsection (b)(3). 
        The <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Secretary of the Navy shall notify 
        the Law Revision Counsel of the House of Representatives

[[Page 137 STAT. 169]]

        of the submission of the report so that the Law Revision Counsel 
        may execute the amendment made by paragraph (1) in accordance 
        with the preceding sentence.

    (b) Analysis and Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        the Navy shall conduct an analysis of potential approaches to 
        the manning, operation, and deployment of a 10th aircraft 
        carrier and associated carrier air wing to determine how the 
        Navy can mobilize such a carrier and air wing if required by 
        operational needs.
            (2) Elements.--The analysis under paragraph (1) shall 
        address the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  The timeline associated 
                with removing an aircraft carrier from each the 
                following maintenance availability types:
                          (i) Complex Overhaul.
                          (ii) Selected Restricted Availability.
                          (iii) Docking Selected Restricted 
                      Availability.
                          (iv) Planned Incremental Availability.
                          (v) Docking Planned Incremental Availability.
                    (B) The potential for establishing a reserve 
                component air wing capable of mobilization as a 10th 
                carrier air wing.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  The timeline for activation 
                of such a reserve component carrier air wing.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  The costs associated with 
                establishing and maintaining a 10th active carrier air 
                wing versus establishing and maintaining a reserve 
                component air wing as described in subparagraph (B).
                    (E) The potential for deployment of a 10th aircraft 
                carrier without a fully manned carrier air wing in the 
                event the Navy only operates and crews 9 carrier air 
                wings at the time deployment of a 10th aircraft carrier 
                is required.
                    (F) The potential for additional forward deployed 
                squadrons that could support an aircraft carrier during 
                theater operations that may not have a fully embarked 
                air wing at the time of embarkation.
            (3) Report.--Following completion of the analysis required 
        under paragraph (1), Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
        analysis.
SEC. 122. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                        NAVY PORT WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1665), as most 
recently amended by section 123(a) of the James M. Inhofe National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 
Stat. 2443), is further amended by striking ``through 2023'' and 
inserting ``through 2024''.
SEC. 123. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR VIRGINIA CLASS 
                        SUBMARINE PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 3501 of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into 
one or more multiyear contracts for the procurement of not more than 13 
Virginia class submarines.
    (b) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Authority for Advance Procurement.--
The Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more contracts, 
beginning in

[[Page 137 STAT. 170]]

fiscal year 2024, for advance procurement associated with the Virginia 
class submarines for which authorization to enter into a multiyear 
procurement contract is provided under subsection (a) and for equipment 
or subsystems associated with the Virginia class submarine program, 
including procurement of--
            (1) long lead time material; or
            (2) material or equipment in economic order quantities when 
        cost savings are achievable.

    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2025 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (d) Limitation on Termination Liability.--A contract for the 
construction of Virginia class submarines entered into under subsection 
(a) shall include a clause that limits the liability of the United 
States to the contractor for any termination of the contract. The 
maximum liability of the United States under the clause shall be the 
amount appropriated for the submarines covered by the contract 
regardless of the amount obligated under the contract.
    (e) Virginia Class Submarine Defined.--The term ``Virginia class 
submarine'' means a block VI configured Virginia class submarine.
SEC. 124. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR AUXILIARY PERSONNEL LIGHTER 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Contract Authority.--Beginning in 
fiscal year 2024, the Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more 
contracts for the procurement of up to six Auxiliary Personnel Lighter 
class vessels and associated material.

    (b) Liability.--Any contract entered into under subsection (a) shall 
provide that--
            (1) <<NOTE: Payments.>>  any obligation of the United States 
        to make a payment under the contract is subject to the 
        availability of appropriations for that purpose; and
            (2) the total liability of the Federal Government for 
        termination of the contract shall be limited to the total amount 
        of funding obligated to the contract at the time of termination.
SEC. 125. LIMITATION ON REDUCTIONS TO V-22 AIRCRAFT NACELLE 
                        IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary 
of Defense shall upgrade not fewer than 24 V-22 aircraft under the V-22 
nacelle improvement program in accordance with the plan for such program 
set forth in the budget of the President for fiscal year 2024 (as 
submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States 
Code).
    (b) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Exception.--The Secretary of Defense 
may reduce the number of aircraft upgraded under subsection (a) below 24 
if the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense committees that 
such reduction is in the interests of national security.
SEC. 126. LIMITATION ON CONSIDERATION OF GOVERNMENT-OPERATED DRY 
                        DOCKS IN CERTAIN CONTRACT SOLICITATIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: California.>>  In General.--With respect to a 
solicitation of the Secretary of the Navy for the award of a contract 
for private sector non-nuclear surface ship maintenance in San Diego, 
California, the

[[Page 137 STAT. 171]]

Secretary shall ensure, in accordance with section 2466 of title 10, 
United States Code, that Government-operated dry docks are only included 
in such solicitation if there is insufficient capacity at privately-
operated dry docks for performance of such contract.

    (b) Applicability and Termination.--The prohibition under subsection 
(a) shall apply with respect to solicitations for contracts issued after 
the date of the enactment of this Act and shall terminate on the date 
that is five years after such date of enactment.
SEC. 127. ANNUAL REPORTS ON USE OF GOVERNMENT DOCKS FOR SHIP 
                        REPAIR AND MAINTENANCE.

    Not <<NOTE: Time period.>>  later than June 30, 2024, and on an 
annual basis thereafter through 2028, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that--
            (1) identifies each instance in the year preceding the date 
        of the report in which the Navy used a Government dock for a 
        ship repair and maintenance availability when sufficient 
        capacity was available in private docks during the period in 
        which such repairs and maintenance were expected to be 
        performed; and
            (2) for each such instance, provides an explanation of the 
        reasons the Navy used a Government dock rather than a private 
        dock.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF F-15 AIRCRAFT AND 
                        MODIFICATION OF RELATED REPORTING 
                        REQUIREMENT.

    (a) Limitation.--Section 9062 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l)(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  During the period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2024 and ending on September 30, 2029, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may not--
                    ``(A) retire more than 68 F-15E aircraft;
                    ``(B) reduce funding for unit personnel or weapon 
                system sustainment activities for retained F-15E 
                aircraft in a manner that presumes future congressional 
                authority to divest such aircraft; or
                    ``(C) keep an F-15E aircraft (other than an aircraft 
                identified for retirement under subparagraph (A)) in a 
                status considered excess to the requirements of the 
                possessing command and awaiting disposition instructions 
                (commonly referred to as `XJ' status).

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The prohibition under paragraph (1) 
shall not apply to individual F-15E aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission 
capable and uneconomical to repair because of aircraft accidents, 
mishaps, or excessive material degradation and non-airworthiness status 
of certain aircraft.''.

    (b) Modification to Report Required Before Divestment.--Section 150 
of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2456) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1)--

[[Page 137 STAT. 172]]

                    (A) in subparagraph (C)(ii), by striking ``and'' at 
                the end;
                    (B) in subparagraph (D), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(E) for each F-15E aircraft that the Secretary 
                plans to divest, a description of--
                          ``(i) each upgrade and modification made to 
                      such aircraft, including--
                                    ``(I) the date of the upgrade or 
                                modification; and
                                    ``(II) the cost of such upgrade or 
                                modification in current year dollars; 
                                and
                          ``(ii) the estimated remaining service-life 
                      (expressed as equivalent flight hours and years) 
                      of--
                                    ``(I) the aircraft; and
                                    ``(II) the onboard systems of the 
                                aircraft.'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Time period.>>  Annual Updates.--Not later 
than October 1, 2024, and not later than October 1 of each year 
thereafter through 2029, the Secretary of the Air Force shall--
            ``(1) update the report required under subsection (b); and
            ``(2) submit the updated report to the congressional defense 
        committees.''.

    (c) Clarification of Relationship Between Limitations.--
The <<NOTE: Compliance. 10 USC 9062 note.>>  authority of the Secretary 
of the Air Force to retire F-15E aircraft to the extent allowed under 
subsection (l)(1)(A) of section 9062 of title 10, United States Code (as 
added by subsection (a) of this section) shall not apply until the 
Secretary complies with the requirements of section 150 of the James M. 
Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public 
Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2456) (as amended by subsection (b) of this 
section).
SEC. 132. LIMITATIONS AND MINIMUM INVENTORY REQUIREMENT RELATING 
                        TO RQ-4 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 9062 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
131, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(m)(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  During the period beginning on the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2024 and ending on September 30, 2028, the Secretary of the 
Air Force may not--
            ``(A) retire an RQ-4 aircraft;
            ``(B) reduce funding for unit personnel or weapon system 
        sustainment activities for RQ-4 aircraft in a manner that 
        presumes future congressional authority to divest such aircraft;
            ``(C) keep an RQ-4 aircraft in a status considered excess to 
        the requirements of the possessing command and awaiting 
        disposition instructions (commonly referred to as `XJ' status); 
        or
            ``(D) decrease the total aircraft inventory of RQ-4 aircraft 
        below 10 aircraft.

[[Page 137 STAT. 173]]

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The prohibition under paragraph (1) 
shall not apply to individual RQ-4 aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer mission 
capable and uneconomical to repair because of aircraft accidents, 
mishaps, or excessive material degradation and non-airworthiness status 
of certain aircraft.''.
SEC. 133. TEMPORARY EXCEPTION TO MINIMUM INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR 
                        FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Temporary Authority.--Notwithstanding section 9062(i)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, during the covered period, the Secretary 
of the Air Force may decrease the total quantity of fighter aircraft in 
the primary mission aircraft inventory of the Air Force to not fewer 
than 1,112 aircraft.
    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Termination.--Following expiration of 
the covered period, the minimum primary mission aircraft inventory 
requirements specified in section 9062(i)(1) of title 10, United States 
Code, shall apply as if this section had not been enacted.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered period'' means the period beginning 
        on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 
        1, 2024.
            (2) The terms ``fighter aircraft'' and ``primary mission 
        aircraft inventory'' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 9062(i)(2) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 134. MODIFICATION OF MINIMUM INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR C-130 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Minimum Inventory Requirement.--Section 146(a)(3)(B) of the 
James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
(Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2455) is amended by striking ``2023'' and 
inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Prohibition on Reduction of C-130 Aircraft Assigned to National 
Guard.--Section 146(b)(1) of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 
2455) is amended by striking ``fiscal year 2023'' and inserting ``fiscal 
years 2023 and 2024''.
SEC. 135. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORTS ON T-7A ADVANCED PILOT 
                        TRAINING SYSTEM.

    Section 156 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2460) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``through 2028'' and 
        inserting ``through 2033''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (9) as paragraph 
                (11); and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (8) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(9) <<NOTE: Risk assessment.>>  A schedule risk 
        assessment, conducted by the Secretary of the Air Force at the 
        80 percent confidence level, that includes risks associated with 
        the overlap of the development, testing, and production phases 
        of the program and risks related to contractor management.
            ``(10) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan for determining the 
        conditions under which the Secretary of the Air Force may accept 
        production work

[[Page 137 STAT. 174]]

        on the T-7A Advanced Pilot Training System that was completed by 
        the contractor for the program in anticipation of the Air Force 
        ordering additional systems, but which was not subject to 
        typical production oversight because there was no contract for 
        the procurement of such additional systems in effect when such 
        work was performed.''.
SEC. 136. MODIFICATION TO PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN REDUCTIONS TO B-1 
                        BOMBER AIRCRAFT SQUADRONS.

    Section 133 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81; 135 Stat. 1574) is amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

    ``(b) Exceptions.--The prohibition under subsection (a) shall not 
apply--
            ``(1) to a bomb wing for which the Secretary of the Air 
        Force has commenced the process of replacing B-1 bomber aircraft 
        with B-21 bomber aircraft; or
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  so as to prohibit the 
        retirement of the individual B-1 aircraft designated 85-0089, 
        which has been determined by Secretary of the Air Force to be no 
        longer mission capable and uneconomical to repair due to damage 
        sustained on April 20, 2022.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``and ending on 
        September 30, 2023'' and inserting ``and ending on September 30, 
        2026''.
SEC. 137. MODIFICATION OF MINIMUM INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR A-10 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Section 134(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2038), as amended by section 141(b)(1) of the James M. Inhofe National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 
Stat. 2452), is amended by striking ``153 A-10 aircraft'' and inserting 
``135 A-10 aircraft''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  Potential Transfer of Certain Aircraft.--
In the case of any A-10 aircraft that is retired, prepared to retire, or 
placed in storage using funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
(Public Law 117-263), the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that such 
aircraft is evaluated for potential transfer to the military forces of a 
nation that is an ally or partner of the United States.

    (c) Repeal.--Section 142 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 755) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as 
        subsections (b) through (d), respectively; and
            (3) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (b)''.
SEC. 138. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR OVER-THE-HORIZON RADAR 
                        SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--As soon as practicable after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to 
enter into one or more contracts for the procurement of up to six over-
the-horizon radar systems that meet the requirements of the United 
States Northern Command with respect to the detection of increasingly 
complex threats.

[[Page 137 STAT. 175]]

    (b) Use of Competitive Procedures and Sole-source Contracts.--
            (1) Initial contracts.--With respect to the award of a 
        contract for the procurement of the first two over-the-horizon 
        radar systems under subsection (a)--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the Secretary of the 
                Air Force may use procedures other than competitive 
                procedures (in accordance with section 3204 of title 10, 
                United States Code) if the Secretary determines it is 
                not feasible to use competitive procedures; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Deadline. Notification.>>  if the 
                Secretary makes a determination to award a sole source 
                contract for such procurement in order to meet the 
                requirements established by the Commander of the United 
                States Northern Command, not later than 14 days after 
                making such determination, the Secretary shall submit to 
                the congressional defense committees a notification of 
                such determination, including the rationale for such 
                determination.
            (2) Subsequent contracts.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
        shall use competitive procedures for the award of a contract for 
        the procurement of the third and any subsequent over-the-horizon 
        radar systems under subsection (a).
            (3) Competitive procedures defined.--In this section, the 
        term ``competitive procedures'' has the meaning given that term 
        in section 3012 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 139. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                        KC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2024 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, or prepare to retire, a KC-135 aircraft.
    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The prohibition under 
subsection (a) shall not apply to individual KC-135 aircraft that the 
Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
longer mission capable and uneconomical to repair because of aircraft 
accidents, mishaps, or excessive material degradation and non-
airworthiness status of certain aircraft.
SEC. 140. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION OF KC-135 AIRCRAFT IN PMAI OF 
                        THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2024 for the Air 
Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-135 
aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft inventory within the 
reserve components of the Air Force.
    (b) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 141. LIMITATION ON ISSUANCE OF ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR THE 
                        KC-135 RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not issue an acquisition strategy 
for the KC-135 recapitalization program until the date on which the 
Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees the following 
documentation:

[[Page 137 STAT. 176]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Update. Timeline.>>  An updated tanker roadmap 
        timeline to include procurement of the Next Generation Air 
        Refueling System.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  The business case analysis of the 
        Air Force for the KC-135 recapitalization program.
            (3) <<NOTE: Requirements.>>  Validated requirements from the 
        Joint Staff for the contract competition under the KC-135 
        recapitalization program.
SEC. 142. PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN REDUCTIONS TO INVENTORY OF E-3 
                        AIRBORNE WARNING AND CONTROL SYSTEM 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2024 for the Air Force may be obligated 
or expended to retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or in 
backup aircraft inventory any E-3 aircraft if such actions would reduce 
the total aircraft inventory of such aircraft below 16.
    (b) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Exception for Plan.--If the Secretary 
of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees a plan 
for maintaining readiness and ensuring there is no lapse in mission 
capabilities, the prohibition under subsection (a) shall not apply to 
actions taken to reduce the total aircraft inventory of E-3 aircraft to 
below 16, beginning 30 days after the date on which the plan is so 
submitted.

    (c) Exception for E-7 Procurement.--If the Secretary of the Air 
Force procures enough E-7 Wedgetail aircraft to accomplish the required 
mission load, the prohibition under subsection (a) shall not apply to 
actions taken to reduce the total aircraft inventory of E-3 aircraft to 
below 16 after the date on which such E-7 Wedgetail aircraft are 
delivered.
SEC. 143. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TERMINATION OF 
                        PRODUCTION LINES FOR THE HH-60W AIRCRAFT.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2024 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to terminate the operations of, or to prepare to 
terminate the operations of, a production line for HH-60W Combat Rescue 
Helicopters.
SEC. 144. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF F-16C/D AIRCRAFT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date. Time period. Reports.>>  Limitation.--
Beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and except as 
provided in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force may not 
retire, prepare to retire, or place in storage or on backup aircraft 
inventory status any F-16C/D aircraft until a period of 180 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary submits the report 
required under section 148.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The limitation under 
subsection (a) shall not apply to individual F-16C/D aircraft that the 
Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
longer mission capable and uneconomical to repair because of aircraft 
accidents, mishaps, or excessive material degradation and non-
airworthiness status of certain aircraft.

    (c) Information to Congress.--For each F-16C/D aircraft that the 
Secretary of the Air Force proposes to retire in a fiscal year, the 
Secretary shall include, in the materials submitted by the Secretary in 
support of the budget of the President for that

[[Page 137 STAT. 177]]

fiscal year (as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code), a description of--
            (1) each upgrade and modification made to such aircraft, 
        including--
                    (A) the date of the upgrade or modification; and
                    (B) the cost of such upgrade or modification in 
                current year dollars; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  the estimated remaining service-
        life (expressed as equivalent flight hours and years) of--
                    (A) the aircraft; and
                    (B) the onboard systems of the aircraft.
SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF KC-46A AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not procure more 
than six KC-46A aircraft under the final lot of the covered contract 
unless--
            (1)(A) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees written notice of the intent of 
        the Secretary to procure more than six KC-46A aircraft under the 
        final lot of the covered contract; and
            (B) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  a period of 180 days has elapsed 
        following the date on which such notice was submitted; or
            (2) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees written certification by the 
        Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics that--
                    (A) there are validated needs of the Air Force 
                requiring the procurement more than six KC-46A aircraft 
                under the final lot of the covered contract; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  cost estimates are 
                complete for the long-term sustainment of any additional 
                aircraft planned to be procured.

    (b) Covered Contract Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
contract'' means the contract for the procurement of KC-46A aircraft 
entered into between the Department of the Air Force and the Boeing 
Company that is in effect as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON ACTIONS RELATING TO REMOTE VISION SYSTEMS 
                        OF KC-46A AIRCRAFT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air 
Force may not take any action described in subsection (b) until the date 
on which the Secretary certifies to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives that--
            (1) the Secretary has identified a solution to fix the 
        remote vision systems of KC-46A aircraft; and
            (2) such solution resolves all issues identified in the 
        category 1 deficiency reports for such systems, except for 
        issues relating to the panoramic system.

    (b) Actions Described.--The actions described in this subsection are 
the following:
            (1) Approving the incorporation of version 2.0 of the KC-46A 
        remote vision system into production aircraft (other than an 
        aircraft specifically used to test and validate that version of 
        the system).
            (2) Retrofitting aircraft with version 2.0 of the KC-46A 
        remote vision system (other than an aircraft specifically used 
        to test and validate that version of the system).

[[Page 137 STAT. 178]]

SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF T-1A TRAINING AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, prepare to retire, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status any T-1A 
training aircraft until the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification indicating 
        that the Secretary has completed the full, fleet-wide 
        implementation of the Undergraduate Pilot Training curriculum 
        (formerly known as the ``Undergraduate Pilot Training 2.5'' 
        curriculum); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  a written assessment of--
                    (A) the effect of the implementation of the 
                Undergraduate Pilot Training curriculum on the 
                availability and training completion rates of 
                undergraduate pilot trainees; and
                    (B) how the retirement of T-1A training aircraft may 
                affect programs and initiatives of the Air Force to 
                accelerate the rate at which pilots complete training.
SEC. 148. PLAN FOR LONG-TERM AIR FORCE FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation 
with the Director of the Air National Guard and the Commander of the Air 
Force Reserve, shall develop a long-term tactical fighter force 
structure, recapitalization, training, and sustainment plan for the 
active and reserve components of the Air Force.
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall address each of 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  The appropriate mix of tactical 
        fighter aircraft force structure, with accompanying operational 
        risk analyses, required for the Secretary of the Air Force to 
        meet expected steady-state, global force management allocation 
        plans and geographical combatant commander contingency 
        operational plans tasked to the Air Force using active and 
        reserve component units.
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The procurement, divestment, 
        unit activation, deactivation, or re-missioning plans or actions 
        the Secretary plans to implement, fiscal year-by-fiscal year, 
        unit-by-unit, for the next 12 years for each active and reserve 
        component tactical fighter aircraft unit existing as of the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, including the rationale and 
        justification for any such plans or actions.
            (3) The actions the Secretary will take to ensure that 
        required operational readiness rates are maintained during any 
        planned recapitalization, modernization, or change of mission 
        affecting tactical fighter aircraft units.
            (4) Any plans of the Secretary to augment or supplant 
        existing piloted tactical fighter aircraft capability or 
        capacity with Collaborative Combat Aircraft Increment 1 or 
        Increment 2 capability or capacity.
            (5) Any plans of the Secretary to augment or supplant 
        existing piloted tactical fighter aircraft training events via 
        acquisition and fielding of common, joint, all-domain, high-
        fidelity synthetic simulation environments.

    (c) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2024, the Secretary of the Air 
Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes the plan developed under subsection (a).

[[Page 137 STAT. 179]]

    (d) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (c) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 151. ANNUAL REPORT ON FORCE STRUCTURE CHANGES EXHIBIT FOR THE 
                        DEFENSE BUDGET.

    Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
221.>>  is amended by inserting after section 233 the following new 
section:
``Sec. 233a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 233a.>>  Annual report on force 
                  structure changes exhibit for the defense budget

    ``(a) Annual Report.--Not later than 10 days after the date on which 
the budget of the President for a fiscal year is submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on any major 
weapon systems proposed to be divested, re-prioritized, or retired in 
such budget.
    ``(b) Contents.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Identification of each major 
        weapon system the Secretary of Defense proposes to divest, re-
        prioritize, or retire in the period of five fiscal years 
        following the date of the report.
            ``(2) Budget line-item details related to each major weapon 
        system identified under paragraph (1).
            ``(3) For each proposed divestment, re-prioritization, or 
        retirement, an explanation of--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  the timeline for the 
                divestment, re-prioritization, or retirement, including 
                any factors that may affect such timelines positively or 
                negatively;
                    ``(B) any cost savings associated with the 
                divestment, re-prioritization, or retirement;
                    ``(C) the rationale for the divestment, re-
                prioritization, or retirement, including a qualitative 
                description of the risk associated with the divestment, 
                re-prioritization, or retirement based on the most 
                recent National Defense Strategy (as of the date of the 
                report);
                    ``(D) any critical dependencies with other program 
                efforts that might affect the timeline for such 
                divestment, reprioritization, or retirement;
                    ``(E) the expected disposition of the weapon system 
                after divestment, re-prioritization or retirement; and
                    ``(F) identification of the system or systems that 
                are expected to satisfy the military requirements that 
                were fulfilled by the weapon system once the divestment, 
                re-prioritization, or retirement of that weapon system 
                is completed.

    ``(c) Relationship to Other Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the report required under subsection (a) is deconflicted 
with the report required under section 222e of this title.

[[Page 137 STAT. 180]]

    ``(d) Major Weapon System Defined.--In this section, the term `major 
weapon system' has the meaning given that term in section 3455(f) of 
this title.''.
SEC. 152. <<NOTE: 50 USC 98e-2.>>  MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY 
                        FOR DOMESTICALLY PROCESSED CRITICAL 
                        MINERALS.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 3501 of 
title 10, United States Code, and from amounts made available by 
discretionary appropriations Acts from the National Defense Stockpile 
Transaction Fund (as established under section 9(a) of the Strategic and 
Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h(a))) after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may enter into 
one or more multiyear contracts for the procurement of critical minerals 
that are processed in the United States by domestic sources.
    (b) Application of Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling 
Act.--A multiyear contract entered into under this section shall be 
deemed to be an acquisition under the Strategic and Critical Materials 
Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98 et seq.).
    (c) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Authority for Advance Procurement.--
The Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more contracts, beginning 
in fiscal year 2024, for advance procurement associated with the 
domestically processed critical minerals for which authorization to 
enter into a multiyear procurement contract is provided under subsection 
(a).

    (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2024 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``critical mineral'' means a mineral determined 
        to be a strategic and critical material under section 3(a) of 
        the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 
        98b(a)).
            (2) The term ``processed'' means the processing or recycling 
        of a critical mineral or magnet, including the separation, 
        reduction, metallization, alloying, milling, pressing, strip 
        casting, and sintering of a critical mineral.
            (3) The term ``domestic source'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 702 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 
        U.S.C. 4552).
SEC. 153. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 3201.>>  PROHIBITION ON 
                        SOLICITATION OF PROPRIETARY ARMOR FOR 
                        CERTAIN TACTICAL VEHICLES.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may not include in a 
solicitation for a tactical tracked vehicle or tactical wheeled vehicle 
a requirement that such vehicle use proprietary armor.
    (b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall not apply to a contract for 
the procurement of a tactical tracked vehicle or tactical wheeled 
vehicle entered into before the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 154. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4651.>>  PROHIBITION ON 
                        AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR PROCUREMENT OF 
                        CERTAIN BATTERIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Limitation.--Beginning on October 1, 
2027, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made 
available for the Department of Defense may be obligated or expended to

[[Page 137 STAT. 181]]

procure a battery produced by an entity specified in subsection (b).

    (b) Entities Specified.--The entities specified in this subsection 
are the following:
            (1) Contemporary Amperex Technology Company, Limited (also 
        known as ``CATL'').
            (2) BYD Company, Limited.
            (3) Envision Energy, Limited.
            (4) EVE Energy Company, Limited.
            (5) Gotion High tech Company, Limited.
            (6) Hithium Energy Storage Technology company, Limited.
            (7) Any successor to an entity specified in paragraphs (1) 
        through (6).

    (c) Treatment of Production.--For purposes of this section, a 
battery shall be treated as produced by an entity specified in 
subsection (b) if that entity--
            (1) assembles or manufactures the final product; or
            (2) creates or otherwise provides a majority of the 
        components used in the battery.

    (d) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the limitation under 
subsection (a).

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Annual report on unfunded priorities of the Under Secretary of 
           Defense for Research and Engineering.
Sec. 212. Delegation of responsibility for certain research programs.
Sec. 213. Modification to personnel management authority to attract 
           experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 214. Clarifying role of partnership intermediaries to promote 
           defense research and education.
Sec. 215. Naval Air Warfare Rapid Capabilities Office.
Sec. 216. Modification of support for research and development of 
           bioindustrial manufacturing processes.
Sec. 217. Modification to administration of the Advanced Sensors 
           Application Program.
Sec. 218. Matters pertaining to hypersonic capabilities and testing 
           strategies.
Sec. 219. Improvements to defense quantum information science and 
           technology research and development program.
Sec. 220. Application of public-private talent exchange programs in the 
           Department of Defense to quantum information sciences and 
           technology research.
Sec. 221. Support for protection of sensitive research performed on 
           behalf of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 222. Support to the Defence Innovation Accelerator for the North 
           Atlantic.
Sec. 223. Consortium on use of additive manufacturing for defense 
           capability development.
Sec. 224. Next Generation Air Dominance family of systems development 
           program accountability matrices.
Sec. 225. Continuous capability development and delivery program for F-
           35 aircraft.
Sec. 226. F-35 propulsion and thermal management modernization program.
Sec. 227. Establishment or expansion of University Affiliated Research 
           Centers for critical materials.
Sec. 228. Policies for management and certification of Link 16 military 
           tactical data link network.
Sec. 229. Rapid response to emergent technology advancements or threats.
Sec. 230. Pilot program to commercialize prototypes of the Department of 
           the Air Force.

[[Page 137 STAT. 182]]

Sec. 231. Pilot program on near-term quantum computing applications.
Sec. 232. Pilot program to facilitate access to advanced technology 
           developed by small businesses for ground vehicle systems of 
           the Army.
Sec. 233. Limitation on availability of funds pending documentation on 
           Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft program.

           Subtitle C--Energetics and Other Munitions Matters

Sec. 241. Joint Energetics Transition Office.
Sec. 242. Consideration of lethality in the analysis of alternatives for 
           munitions.
Sec. 243. Pilot program on incorporation of the CL20 compound in certain 
           weapon systems.
Sec. 244. Limitation on sourcing chemical materials for munitions from 
           certain countries.
Sec. 245. Defense industrial base munition surge capacity critical 
           reserve.

              Subtitle D--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Congressional notification of changes to Department of Defense 
           policy on autonomy in weapon systems.
Sec. 252. Audit to identify diversion of Department of Defense funding 
           to China's research labs.
Sec. 253. Annual review of status of implementation plan for digital 
           engineering career tracks.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2024 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. ANNUAL REPORT ON UNFUNDED PRIORITIES OF THE UNDER 
                        SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR RESEARCH AND 
                        ENGINEERING.

    Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
221.>>  is amended by inserting after section 222d the following new 
section:
``Sec. 222e. <<NOTE: 10 USC 222e.>>  Unfunded priorities of the 
                  Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                  Engineering: annual report

    ``(a) Annual Report.--Not later than 10 days after the date on which 
the budget of the President for a fiscal year is submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the unfunded 
priorities of the Department of Defense related to activities for which 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering has 
authority.
    ``(b) Elements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), 
        each report submitted under subsection (a) shall specify, for 
        each unfunded priority covered by such report, the following:
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary description of 
                such priority, including the objectives to be achieved 
                if such priority is funded (whether in whole or in 
                part).

[[Page 137 STAT. 183]]

                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  The additional 
                amount of funds recommended in connection with the 
                objectives under subparagraph (A).
                    ``(C) Account information with respect to such 
                priority, including the following (as applicable):
                          ``(i) Line Item Number (LIN) for applicable 
                      procurement accounts.
                          ``(ii) Program Element (PE) number for 
                      applicable research, development, test, and 
                      evaluation accounts.
            ``(2) Prioritization of priorities.--The report under 
        subsection (a) shall present the unfunded priorities covered by 
        such report in order of urgency of priority.

    ``(c) Exclusion of Priorities Covered in Other Reports.--The report 
submitted under subsection (a) shall not include unfunded priorities or 
requirements covered in reports submitted under--
            ``(1) section 222a or 222b of this title; or
            ``(2) section 2806 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 222a note).

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Classified information. Summary.>>  Form of Report.--
Each report submitted under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
classified form, but may include an unclassified summary as the 
Secretary considers appropriate.

    ``(e) Unfunded Priority Defined.--In this section, the term 
`unfunded priority', in the case of a fiscal year, means a program, 
activity, or mission requirement, that--
            ``(1) is not funded in the budget of the President for the 
        fiscal year as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of 
        title 31; and
            ``(2) would have been recommended for funding through that 
        budget if--
                    ``(A) additional resources had been available for 
                the budget to fund the program, activity, or mission 
                requirement; or
                    ``(B) the program, activity, or mission requirement 
                has emerged since the budget was formulated.''.
SEC. 212. DELEGATION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR CERTAIN RESEARCH 
                        PROGRAMS.

    Section 980(b) of title 10, United Stated Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) The Secretary may delegate the authority provided by paragraph 
(1) to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.''.
SEC. 213. MODIFICATION TO PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY TO 
                        ATTRACT EXPERTS IN SCIENCE AND 
                        ENGINEERING.

    Section 4092(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``, of which not more 
        than 5 such positions may be positions of administration or 
        management of the Agency''; and
            (2) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:
            ``(4) during any fiscal year--
                    ``(A) pay up to 15 individuals newly appointed 
                pursuant to paragraph (1)(B) the travel, transportation, 
                and relocation expenses and services described under 
                sections 5724, 5724a, and 5724c of title 5; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 184]]

                    ``(B) pay up to 15 individuals previously appointed 
                pursuant to such paragraph, upon separation, the travel, 
                transportation, and relocation expenses and services 
                described under such sections (as applicable).''.
SEC. 214. CLARIFYING ROLE OF PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES TO PROMOTE 
                        DEFENSE RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

    Section 4124(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``that assists'' and inserting the 
        following: ``that--
            ``(A) assists'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(B) facilitates technology transfer from industry or 
        academic institutions to a Center; or
            ``(C) assists and facilitates workforce development in 
        critical technology areas for technology transition activities 
        to fulfill unmet needs of a Center.''.
SEC. 215. NAVAL AIR WARFARE RAPID CAPABILITIES OFFICE.

    Chapter 803 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
8011.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 8029. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8029.>>  Naval Air Warfare Rapid 
                  Capabilities Office

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established within the Department of 
the Navy an office to be known as the Naval Air Warfare Rapid 
Capabilities Office (in this section referred to as the `Office').
    ``(b) Head of Office.--The head of the Office shall be the designee 
of the Commander of the Naval Air Systems Command.
    ``(c) Mission.--The mission of the Office shall be--
            ``(1) to fulfill naval and joint military operational 
        requirements by supporting the identification and rapid 
        development of--
                    ``(A) new naval aviation weapons and airborne 
                electronic warfare capabilities;
                    ``(B) innovative applications for existing naval 
                aviation weapons and airborne electronic warfare 
                capabilities; and
                    ``(C) other innovative solutions to enhance the 
                effectiveness of naval aviation weapons and airborne 
                electronic warfare capabilities; and
            ``(2) to contribute to the rapid experimentation, 
        development, testing, and fielding of unclassified and 
        classified naval aviation weapons and airborne electronic 
        warfare capabilities.

    ``(d) Acquisition Authorities.--
            ``(1) In general.--To procure goods or services for the 
        Office, the senior contracting official (as defined in section 
        1737 of this title) and any members of the acquisition workforce 
        for the Department of the Navy may use--
                    ``(A) any applicable pathway of the adaptive 
                acquisition framework (as described in Department of 
                Defense Instruction 5000.02, `Operation of the Adaptive 
                Acquisition Framework'); and
                    ``(B) any other alternative acquisition pathway that 
                allows for accelerated or flexible methods of 
                contracting.

[[Page 137 STAT. 185]]

            ``(2) Inapplicability of jcids.--The Joint Capabilities 
        Integration and Development System process shall not apply to 
        procurements described in paragraph (1).

    ``(e) Required Program Elements.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
ensure, within budget program elements for naval air warfare programs, 
that--
            ``(1) there are separate, dedicated program elements for 
        naval air warfare rapid capabilities; and
            ``(2) the Office executes the responsibilities of the Office 
        using such program elements.

    ``(f) Executive Oversight Board.--
            ``(1) In general.--There is an executive oversight board for 
        the Office which shall consist of the officials specified in 
        paragraph (2). The executive oversight board shall provide 
        prioritization, oversight, and approval of projects of the 
        Office.
            ``(2) Officials specified.--The officials specified in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    ``(A) The Vice Chief of Naval Operations.
                    ``(B) The Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps.
                    ``(C) The Assistant Secretary of the Navy for 
                Research, Development and Acquisition.
                    ``(D) The Commander of the Naval Air Systems 
                Command.

    ``(g) Annual Reports and Briefings.--
            ``(1) Report.--On an annual basis, the head of the Office 
        shall submit to the executive oversight board described in 
        subsection (f) a report on the activities of the Office.
            ``(2) Briefing.--On an annual basis following the submittal 
        of the report under paragraph (1), the Assistant Secretary of 
        the Navy for Research, Development and Acquisition shall provide 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives a briefing on the activities of the Office.
            ``(3) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) and 
        briefing under paragraph (2) shall include, with respect to the 
        year preceding the date of the report or briefing (as 
        applicable), a description of--
                    ``(A) funding allocations for the projects of the 
                Office;
                    ``(B) capability gaps addressed by the Office;
                    ``(C) the progress of the Office in experimenting, 
                developing, testing, and fielding capabilities described 
                in subsection (c); and
                    ``(D) any barriers to the ability of the Office to 
                carry out its mission, including any legislative or 
                regulatory barriers.''.
SEC. 216. MODIFICATION OF SUPPORT FOR RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF 
                        BIOINDUSTRIAL MANUFACTURING PROCESSES.

    Section 215(c)(1) of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 10 U.S.C. 
4841 note) is amended by inserting ``pharmaceutical biologics and 
associated precursor materials,'' after ``commodity chemicals,''.
SEC. 217. MODIFICATION TO ADMINISTRATION OF THE ADVANCED SENSORS 
                        APPLICATION PROGRAM.

    Section 218 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2476) is 
amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 186]]

            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``The Commander of 
                Naval Air Systems Command and the Director of Air 
                Warfare shall jointly serve as the resource sponsors'' 
                and inserting ``The Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Intelligence and Security, acting through the Director 
                of the Concepts, Development, and Management Office of 
                the Air Force, shall serve as the resource sponsor''; 
                and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``The resource 
                sponsors of the Program shall be responsible'' and 
                inserting ``The resource sponsor of the Program, in 
                consultation with the Commander of Naval Air Systems 
                Command, shall be responsible'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``Only the Secretary of 
        the Navy, the Under Secretary of the Navy, and the Commander of 
        Naval Air Systems Command may'' and inserting ``Only the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security and the 
        Director of the Concepts, Development, and Management Office of 
        the Air Force, in consultation with the Commander of Naval Air 
        Systems Command, may''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)(3), by striking ``exercised by the 
        Commander of Naval Air Systems Command, the Secretary of the 
        Navy, or the Under Secretary of the Navy'' and inserting 
        ``exercised by the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
        and Security, the Director of the Concepts, Development, and 
        Management Office of the Air Force, or the Commander of Naval 
        Air Systems Command''.
SEC. 218. MATTERS PERTAINING TO HYPERSONIC CAPABILITIES AND 
                        TESTING STRATEGIES.

    (a) Biennial Updates to Hypersonics Testing Strategy.--Section 
237(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
(Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2492) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Biennial updates.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not less frequently than once 
                every two years after the submittal of the initial 
                strategy under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense 
                shall--
                          ``(i) revise and update the strategy; and
                          ``(ii) submit the revised and updated strategy 
                      to the appropriate congressional committees.
                    ``(B) Sunset.--The requirement to prepare and submit 
                updates under this paragraph shall terminate on December 
                31, 2030.''.

    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds Pending Submittal of 
Strategy.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2024, and available for the 
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
for the travel of persons, not more than 90 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
congressional defense committees the strategy required under section 
237(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
(Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2492).
    (c) Evaluation of Potential Hypersonic Test Ranges.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
        to evaluate not fewer than two possible locations in the United

[[Page 137 STAT. 187]]

        States, selected in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering, that have potential to be 
        used as additional corridors for long-distance hypersonic system 
        testing.
            (2) Activities under national environmental policy act.--
        Following the completion of the study under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall initiate any activities required 
        under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
        4321 et seq.) in connection with the conduct of long-distance 
        hypersonic system testing at the locations evaluated under the 
        study.
            (3) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2024, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees, 
        the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources of the Senate, and 
        the Committee on Natural Resources of the House of 
        Representatives a report on the results of the study conducted 
        under paragraph (1).

    (d) Annual Report on Funding and Investments in Hypersonic 
Capabilities.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>> In general.--Not later than March 
        1, 2024, and not later than March 1 of each year thereafter 
        through 2030, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the funding and 
        investments of the Department of Defense relating to hypersonic 
        capabilities, including any funding or investments with respect 
        to the procurement, research, development, test, and evaluation, 
        and operation and maintenance of offensive and defensive 
        hypersonic weapons.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Cost data.>>  include cost data on the 
                hypersonic capabilities of the Department of Defense, 
                including vehicles, developmental and operational 
                testing, hypersonic sensors, command and control 
                architectures, infrastructure, testing infrastructure, 
                software, workforce, training, ranges, integration 
                costs, and such other items as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate;
                    (B) to the extent applicable, for each item included 
                in the report, identify whether such item relates to an 
                offensive or defensive hypersonic capability;
                    (C) with respect to any research and development 
                activities covered by the report, identify--
                          (i) the program element for the activity;
                          (ii) the name of the entity that is carrying 
                      out the activity; and
                          (iii) the purpose of the activity; and
                    (D) to the extent applicable, with respect to any 
                developmental ground and flight testing and operational 
                test and evaluation activities covered by the report, 
                identify--
                          (i) the program element for the activity;
                          (ii) the name of the entity that is carrying 
                      out the activity; and
                          (iii) the purpose of the activity.
            (3) Form.--Each report submitted under paragraph (1) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.

[[Page 137 STAT. 188]]

SEC. 219. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
                        TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 4001 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsections:

    ``(f) Fellowships.--
            ``(1) Program authorized.--In carrying out the program under 
        subsection (a) and subject to the availability of appropriations 
        to carry out this subsection, the Secretary may carry out a 
        program of fellowships in quantum information science and 
        technology research and development for individuals who have a 
        graduate or postgraduate degree.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  Equal access.--In carrying out 
        the program under paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish 
        procedures to ensure that minority, geographically diverse, and 
        economically disadvantaged students have equal access to 
        fellowship opportunities under such program.

    ``(g) Multidisciplinary Partnerships With Universities.--In carrying 
out the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may 
develop partnerships with universities to enable students to engage in 
multidisciplinary courses of study.''.
SEC. 220. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1599g note.>>  APPLICATION OF PUBLIC-
                        PRIVATE TALENT EXCHANGE PROGRAMS IN THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO QUANTUM 
                        INFORMATION SCIENCES AND TECHNOLOGY 
                        RESEARCH.

    (a) In General.--Using the authority provided under section 1599g of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
establish public-private talent exchange programs with private-sector 
entities working on quantum information sciences and technology research 
applications.
    (b) Maximum Number of Participants.--Each public-private talent 
exchange program established under subsection (a) may include not more 
than 10 program participants.
    (c) Program Participant Defined.--For purposes of subsection (b), 
the term ``program participant'' includes--
            (1) an employee of the Department of Defense who is assigned 
        to a private-sector organization pursuant to subsection (a); and
            (2) an employee of a private-sector organization who is 
        assigned to a Department of Defense organization pursuant to 
        such subsection.
SEC. 221. <<NOTE: Contracts. 10 USC note prec. 4141.>>  SUPPORT 
                        FOR PROTECTION OF SENSITIVE RESEARCH 
                        PERFORMED ON BEHALF OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may enter into 
contracts or other agreements with one or more eligible entities to 
assist institutions of higher education in protecting sensitive research 
performed on behalf of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Activities.--An eligible entity that enters into a contract or 
other agreement with the Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) shall 
carry out activities to assist institutions of higher education

[[Page 137 STAT. 189]]

in protecting sensitive research performed on behalf of the Department 
of Defense. Such activities may include--
            (1) conducting effective due diligence in vetting visiting 
        scholars;
            (2) assisting institutions in meeting applicable research 
        security requirements, including through the use of common 
        procedures and practices and shared infrastructure, as 
        appropriate;
            (3) providing training to employees and offices of the 
        institution that have responsibilities relating to research 
        security; and
            (4) providing advice and assistance to institutions in 
        establishing and maintaining research security programs.

    (c) Considerations.--In selecting an entity to receive a contract or 
other agreement under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
consider the following:
            (1) Geographic diversity and the extent to which the entity 
        is able to maximize coverage of different regions of the United 
        States.
            (2) Any ratings of the entity made by the Defense 
        Counterintelligence and Security Agency as part of the Agency's 
        annual security vulnerability assessment ratings.
            (3) Whether and to what extent the entity uses best 
        practices for research security as outlined by the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology.
            (4) The entity's demonstrated excellence in security 
        programs, including receipt of awards for excellence in 
        counterintelligence and outstanding achievement in industrial 
        security.

    (d) Performance Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to measure the performance of each entity with which the 
Secretary enters into a contract or other agreement under subsection 
(a).
    (e) Notification and Report.--For any year in which the Secretary of 
Defense exercises the authority provided under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that--
            (1) identifies each eligible entity with which the Secretary 
        entered into a contract or other agreement under such 
        subsection; and
            (2) evaluates the performance of the entity.

    (f) Eligible Entity Defined.--In this section, the term ``eligible 
entity'' means--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  an entity the Secretary of 
        Defense determines to be eligible to participate in the 
        activities authorized under this section; or
            (2) a consortium composed of two or more such entities.
SEC. 222. SUPPORT TO THE DEFENCE INNOVATION ACCELERATOR FOR THE 
                        NORTH ATLANTIC.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Authority.--Subject to the availability 
of appropriations, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, is authorized to make 
available not more than $15,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2024 
through 2029 to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization for the joint 
fund established for the Defence Innovation Accelerator for the North

[[Page 137 STAT. 190]]

Atlantic (DIANA) initiative (referred to in this section as the 
``Initiative'') to sustain the participation of the United States in 
such initiative.

    (b) Notification.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 15 days 
        after each instance in which the Secretary of Defense provides 
        funds to the Initiative pursuant to subsection (a), the 
        Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees written notice that such funds were 
        provided.
            (2) Contents.--Each notification submitted under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) The total amount of funding provided under 
                subsection (a) together with a detailed breakdown 
                showing the specific amounts and purposes for which such 
                funds are intended to be used, if any.
                    (B) The time period for which such funds are 
                provided.

    (c) Strategy.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than July 1, 
        2024, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit 
        to the appropriate congressional committees a strategy for 
        participation by the United States in the Initiative.
            (2) Contents.--The strategy under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of how the Initiative fits into 
                the science, technology, and innovation activities of 
                the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and how the 
                Initiative is synchronized with and expected to interact 
                with other science, technology, and innovation 
                activities of the Department of Defense.
                    (B) The anticipated funding profile for the 
                Initiative across the period covered by the most recent 
                future-years defense program submitted to Congress under 
                section 221 of title 10, United States Code (as of the 
                date of the strategy).
                    (C) Identification of key technology focus areas to 
                be addressed each year under the Initiative across such 
                period.
                    (D) A description of any anticipated areas of 
                expansion in the Initiative, including any anticipated 
                expansion of the Initiative to or within key nodes or 
                locations that have strategic value for national 
                security and where there is also a significant presence 
                of technology-oriented startup businesses.
                    (E) A description of how the Initiative is expected 
                to contribute to fostering the spread of innovation 
                throughout the United States.

    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Annual Report.--Not later than September 
1, 2024, and not later than February 1 of each year thereafter through 
2030, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees an annual report on--
            (1) the activities of the Initiative that were supported by 
        the Department of Defense under subsection (a) in the year 
        preceding the date of the report; and
            (2) any key milestones or other objectives that were 
        achieved under the initiative in such year.

[[Page 137 STAT. 191]]

    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (3) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
SEC. 223. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4841 note.>>  CONSORTIUM ON USE OF 
                        ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING FOR DEFENSE 
                        CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
establish a consortium to facilitate the use of additive manufacturing 
for the development of capabilities for the Department of Defense. The 
consortium shall be known as the ``Consortium on Additive Manufacturing 
for Defense Capability Development'' (referred to in this section as the 
``Consortium'').

    (b) Composition.--The Consortium shall be composed of qualified 
organizations, selected by the Secretary of Defense, that have functions 
and expertise relevant to additive manufacturing. At a minimum, the 
Consortium shall include the following:
            (1) Representation from one or more science and technology 
        reinvention laboratories (as designated under section 4121 of 
        title 10, United States Code) from each of the military 
        departments, which may include--
                    (A) from the Department of the Army--
                          (i) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Army Research Laboratory;
                          (ii) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Aviation and Missile Center;
                          (iii) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Armaments Center;
                          (iv) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Ground Vehicle Systems Center;
                          (v) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Soldier Center;
                          (vi) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Chemical Biological Center;
                          (vii) the Combat Capabilities Development 
                      Command, Command, Control, Communications, 
                      Computers, Cyber, Intelligence, Surveillance, and 
                      Reconnaissance Center; and
                          (viii) the Space and Missile Defense Command, 
                      Technical Center;
                          (ix) the Engineer Research and Development 
                      Center;
                          (x) the Medical Research and Development 
                      Command; and
                          (xi) the Army Research Institute for the 
                      Behavioral and Social Sciences;
                    (B) from the Department of the Navy--
                          (i) the Naval Research Laboratory;
                          (ii) the Office of Naval Research;
                          (iii) the Naval Air Systems Command Warfare 
                      Centers;

[[Page 137 STAT. 192]]

                          (iv) the Naval Sea Systems Command Warfare 
                      Centers;
                          (v) the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, 
                      Engineering and Expeditionary Warfare Center;
                          (vi) the Naval Medical Research Center; and
                          (vii) the Naval Information Warfare Centers, 
                      Atlantic and Pacific; and
                    (C) from the Department of the Air Force--
                          (i) the Air Force Research Laboratory; and
                          (ii) the Joint Warfighting Analysis Center.
            (2) Representation from one or more maintenance, logistics, 
        or sustainment organizations from each of the military 
        departments.
            (3) One or more organizations from private sector industry.
            (4) One or more institutions of higher education or other 
        research institutions.

    (c) Activities.--The Consortium shall--
            (1) facilitate the use of additive manufacturing--
                    (A) to significantly reduce logistic footprints, 
                material costs, and delivery lead-times; and
                    (B) to extended logistical supply chain dependencies 
                that often challenge weapon system readiness for forward 
                deployed warfighters;
            (2) <<NOTE: Standards. Certification process.>>  develop 
        standards and a certification process for the use of additive 
        manufacturing in safety-critical applications, including 
        additive material and part certification requirements for 
        additive manufactured items intended for use in military 
        vehicles;
            (3) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  evaluate, adapt, or apply the 
        standards developed in the commercial sector, or new process 
        approaches for additive manufacturing that may be of use to the 
        Department of Defense;
            (4) as directed by an organization of the Department of 
        Defense included in the Consortium, conduct reverse engineering 
        (including testing and certification) for critical parts which 
        may have limited sources of supply;
            (5) use data standards, common repositories, and information 
        security to track, store, and secure technical data relating to 
        additive manufacturing and ensure the interoperability of such 
        data; and
            (6) <<NOTE: Analyses. Assessments.>>  conduct comparative 
        cost analyses for new and emerging additive manufacturing 
        approaches, including assessments of life-cycle costs for 
        tooling, training, and intellectual property needed to sustain 
        such approaches.
SEC. 224. NEXT GENERATION AIR DOMINANCE FAMILY OF SYSTEMS 
                        DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM ACCOUNTABILITY 
                        MATRICES.

    (a) Submittal of Matrices.--Concurrent with the submission of the 
budget of the President to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2025--
            (1) the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees and the Comptroller General of 
        the United States the matrices described in subsection (b) 
        relating to the Next Generation Air Dominance piloted fighter 
        aircraft and the autonomous, uncrewed Collaborative Combat 
        Aircraft programs of the Air Force; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 193]]

            (2) the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees and the Comptroller General of 
        the United States the matrices described in subsection (b) 
        relating to the Next Generation Air Dominance piloted fighter 
        aircraft and the autonomous, uncrewed Collaborative Combat 
        Aircraft programs of the Navy and the Marine Corps.

    (b) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Matrices Described.--The matrices 
described in this subsection are the following:
            (1) Engineering manufacturing and development goals.--A 
        matrix that identifies, in six month increments, key milestones, 
        development and testing events, and specific performance goals 
        for the engineering manufacturing and development phase 
        (referred to in this section as the ``EMD phase'') of the 
        programs described in subsection (a), and which shall be 
        subdivided, at a minimum, according to the following:
                    (A) Technology readiness levels of major components 
                and subsystems and key demonstration and testing events.
                    (B) Design maturity.
                    (C) Software maturity.
                    (D) Subsystem and system-level integration maturity.
                    (E) Manufacturing readiness levels for critical 
                manufacturing operations and key demonstration and 
                testing events.
                    (F) Manufacturing operations.
                    (G) System verification, validation, and key flight 
                test events.
                    (H) Reliability.
                    (I) Availability for flight operations.
                    (J) Maintainability.
            (2) Cost.--A matrix expressing, in six month increments, the 
        total cost for the Secretary's service cost position for the EMD 
        phase and low initial rate of production lots of the programs 
        described in subsection (a) and a matrix expressing the total 
        cost for the prime contractor's estimate for such EMD phase and 
        production lots, both of which shall be phased over the entire 
        EMD period and subdivided according to the costs of the 
        following:
                    (A) Air vehicle.
                    (B) Propulsion.
                    (C) Mission systems.
                    (D) Vehicle subsystems.
                    (E) Air vehicle software.
                    (F) Systems engineering.
                    (G) Program management.
                    (H) System test and evaluation.
                    (I) Support and training systems.
                    (J) Contract fee.
                    (K) Engineering changes.
                    (L) Direct mission support, including Congressional 
                General Reductions.
                    (M) Government testing.
                    (N) Ancillary aircraft equipment.
                    (O) Initial spares.
                    (P) Contractor support.
                    (Q) Modifications.

    (c) Semiannual Update of Matrices.--

[[Page 137 STAT. 194]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  In general.--Each Secretary 
        concerned shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        and the Comptroller General of the United States updates to the 
        matrices described in subsection (b) as follows:
                    (A) The first update shall be submitted not later 
                than 180 days after the date on which the Secretaries 
                concerned submit the initial matrices as required by 
                subsection (a).
                    (B) Following the first update under paragraph (1), 
                additional updates shall be submitted--
                          (i) concurrent with the submission of the 
                      budget of the President to Congress pursuant to 
                      section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
                      for each fiscal year; and
                          (ii) not later than 180 days after each such 
                      submittal.
            (2) <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  Elements.--Each update 
        submitted under paragraph (1) shall detail progress made toward 
        the goals identified in the matrix described in subsection 
        (b)(1) and provide updated cost estimates as described in 
        subsection (b)(2).
            (3) Treatment of initial matrices as baseline.--The initial 
        matrices submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall be treated 
        as the baseline for the full EMD phase and low-rate initial 
        production of the programs described in subsection (a) for 
        purposes of the updates submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) of 
        this subsection.

    (d) Assessment by Comptroller General of the United States.-- 
<<NOTE: Deadline. Review.>> Not later than the date that is 60 days 
after the date on which the Comptroller General of the United States 
receives an update to a matrix under subsection (c)(1), the Comptroller 
General shall review the sufficiency of such matrix and submit to the 
congressional defense committees an assessment of such matrix, including 
by identifying cost, schedule, or performance trends.

    (e) Key Performance Parameter Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop key 
        performance parameters (referred to in this section as ``cost 
        KPPs)'' for the threshold and objective costs of the programs 
        described in subsection (a) under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary and shall include those values as program performance 
        requirements in any capability development document or system 
        requirements document for the program involved. Each cost KPP 
        shall include, for each cost category specified in paragraph 
        (2)--
                    (A) a threshold value indicating the highest 
                acceptable cost for that category, as determined by the 
                Secretary concerned; and
                    (B) an objective value indicating the lowest cost 
                expected to be achieved for that category, as determined 
                by the Secretary concerned.
            (2) Cost categories specified.--The cost categories 
        specified in this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) Unit recurring flyaway cost.
                    (B) Average procurement unit cost.
                    (C) Gross/weapon system unit cost.
                    (D) Aircraft cost-per-tail-per-year.
                    (E) Aircraft cost-per-flight-hour.

[[Page 137 STAT. 195]]

    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``Secretary concerned'' 
means--
            (1) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to aircraft 
        programs of the Navy and the Marine Corps; and
            (2) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to aircraft 
        programs of the Air Force.
SEC. 225. CONTINUOUS CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY PROGRAM 
                        FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with section 
4203 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate all Block 4 and Technical Refresh-3 elements of the F-35 
aircraft acquisition program, collectively, as a single major subprogram 
of the F-35 aircraft acquisition program.
    (b) Procurement of F-35 Developmental Testing Aircraft.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--From the aircraft 
        described in paragraph (2), the Program Executive Officer for 
        the F-35 aircraft program shall designate two F-35A aircraft, 
        two F-35B aircraft, and two F-35C aircraft to be manufactured 
        and delivered, by not later than the end of 2030, in a necessary 
        configuration that would adequately support future F-35 
        developmental testing activities.
            (2) Aircraft described.--The aircraft described in this 
        paragraph are F-35 aircraft to be procured--
                    (A) as part of the Lot 19 production lot or a 
                subsequent production lot for F-35 aircraft; and
                    (B) using funds made available for fiscal year 2024 
                or a subsequent fiscal year for the procurement of F-35 
                aircraft.
SEC. 226. F-35 PROPULSION AND THERMAL MANAGEMENT MODERNIZATION 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment and Validation of Requirements.--The Secretary of 
the Air Force (with respect to F-35A aircraft of the Air Force) and the 
Secretary of the Navy (with respect to F-35B and F-35C aircraft of the 
Navy and the Marine Corps) shall each--
            (1) establish requirements for the propulsion, power and 
        cooling, thermal management, and electrical power systems of the 
        F-35 aircraft system that adequately support the planned 
        service-life and all planned mission systems hardware and 
        software capability upgrades for such aircraft system;
            (2) <<NOTE: Validation.>>  validate the requirements; and
            (3) promptly provide the validated requirements to the 
        Program Executive Officer for the F-35 aircraft acquisition 
        program.

    (b) Cost-benefit and Technical Risk Analysis.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation. Determination.>>  In general.--Based 
        on the requirements established and validated under subsection 
        (a), the Program Executive Officer for the F-35 aircraft 
        acquisition program shall conduct a complete and comprehensive 
        cost-benefit and technical risk analysis that evaluates and 
        determines the upgrades and modernization required of the F-35 
        aircraft system to support all of the requirements established 
        under such subsection.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The cost-benefit and 
        technical risk analysis conducted under paragraph (1) shall 
        assess, at a minimum,

[[Page 137 STAT. 196]]

        the cost, risk, modernization, integration activities, and 
        acquisition strategy required for the upgrade and modernization 
        options available for the following major subsystems of F-35 
        aircraft:
                    (A) The aircraft propulsion system and gearbox.
                    (B) The power and thermal management system.
                    (C) The fuel thermal management system.
                    (D) The electrical power system.
                    (E) The engine ice protection system.
                    (F) Mission systems hardware, avionics, sensors, and 
                weapons.
                    (G) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Any additional systems 
                of the F-35 aircraft system the Program Executive 
                Officer determines to be relevant to support the planned 
                service-life requirements for each variant of such 
                aircraft.
            (3) Limitation on commencement.--The Program Executive 
        Officer may not commence the analysis required under paragraph 
        (1) until the requirements established under subsection (a) have 
        been provided to the Officer.
            (4) Independent cost estimate.--In addition to developing 
        the cost-benefit analysis under paragraph (1), the Program 
        Executive Officer shall also obtain an independent cost estimate 
        from an organization within the Department of Defense that is 
        not directly associated with the Office of the Program Executive 
        Officer, the Department of the Air Force, or the Department of 
        the Navy.
            (5) Report.--Following the completion of the analysis under 
        paragraph (1) and the independent cost estimate under paragraph 
        (4), but not later than July 1, 2024, the Program Executive 
        Officer shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) a report on the results of the analysis under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Records.>>  a copy of the cost estimate 
                obtained under paragraph (4).

    (c) Designation of Major Subprogram.--In accordance with section 
4203 of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall 
designate all activities relating to the modernization, upgrade, and 
integration of the major subsystems included in the analysis under 
subsection (b)(1), collectively, as a single major subprogram of the F-
35 aircraft acquisition program.
SEC. 227. ESTABLISHMENT OR EXPANSION OF UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED 
                        RESEARCH CENTERS FOR CRITICAL MATERIALS.

    (a) Feasibility and Advisability Assessment.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, shall--
            (1) assess the feasibility and advisability of establishing 
        a new University Affiliated Research Center (in this section 
        referred to as a ``UARC'') or expanding an existing UARC at a 
        specified covered educational institution; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  submit a recommendation 
        regarding the feasibility and advisability of such establishment 
        or expansion to the congressional defense committees.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Determination.--Not later than 15 days 
after submitting the assessment required under subsection (a) the 
Secretary of

[[Page 137 STAT. 197]]

Defense shall determine whether it is feasible and advisable to 
establish or expand a UARC and--
            (1) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  for a positive determination, submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a plan described in 
        subsection (c); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Data. Analysis.>>  for a negative determination, 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a justification 
        for such determination that includes the data and analysis to 
        support such determination.

    (c) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  Plan.--If the Secretary of Defense 
determines that establishing or expanding a UARC is feasible and 
advisable under subsection (b), the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan for such establishment or 
expansion, including an assessment of the institutional capacity of the 
covered educational institution at which such UARC is to be established 
or expanded.

    (d) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The plan described in 
subsection (c) shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the engineering, applied research, 
        commercialization, or workforce development capabilities 
        relating to critical materials for national security purposes of 
        the United States of the covered educational institution at 
        which the UARC will be established or expanded, including an 
        assessment of the personnel and physical research infrastructure 
        of such institution.
            (2) An assessment of the ability of such institution--
                    (A) to participate in engineering, applied research, 
                commercialization, and workforce development activities 
                relating to critical materials for national security 
                purposes of the United States;
                    (B) to effectively compete for engineering, applied 
                research, commercialization, and workforce development 
                contracts and grants relating to critical materials for 
                national security purposes of the United States; and
                    (C) to support the mission of the Under Secretary.
            (3) An assessment of the activities and investments 
        necessary--
                    (A) to augment facilities or educational programming 
                at such institution--
                          (i) to support the mission of the Under 
                      Secretary;
                          (ii) to access, secure, and conduct research 
                      relating to sensitive or classified information; 
                      and
                          (iii) to respond quickly to emerging 
                      engineering, applied research, commercialization, 
                      and workforce development needs relating to 
                      critical materials;
                    (B) to increase the participation of such 
                institutions in engineering, applied research, 
                commercialization, and workforce development activities; 
                and
                    (C) to increase the ability of such institutions to 
                effectively compete for engineering, applied research, 
                commercialization, and workforce development contracts 
                and grants.
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations 
        identifying actions that may be taken by the Secretary, the 
        Under Secretary, Congress, such institutions, and other 
        organizations to increase the participation of such institutions 
        in engineering, applied research, commercialization, and 
        workforce development activities, contracts, and grants relating 
        to critical materials.

[[Page 137 STAT. 198]]

            (5) Any specific goals, incentives, and metrics developed by 
        the Secretary to increase and measure the capacity of such 
        institutions to address the engineering, applied research, 
        commercialization, and workforce development needs of the 
        Department of Defense relating to critical materials.

    (e) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        that includes the plan developed under this subsection; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  make the 
        plan available on a publicly accessible website of the 
        Department of Defense.

    (f) <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4141.>>  Support to Covered 
Educational Institutions.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Contracts. Grants.>>  In general.--The Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering may establish 
        a program to award contracts, grants, or other agreements on a 
        competitive basis to a covered educational institution, and to 
        perform other appropriate activities, for the purposes described 
        in paragraph (2).
            (2) Purposes.--The purposes described in this paragraph are 
        the following:
                    (A) Developing the capability, including workforce 
                and research infrastructure capabilities, for covered 
                educational institutions to more effectively compete for 
                Federal engineering, applied research, 
                commercialization, and workforce development funding 
                opportunities.
                    (B) Improving the capability of covered educational 
                institutions to--
                          (i) recruit and retain research faculty;
                          (ii) participate in appropriate personnel 
                      exchange programs; and
                          (iii) participate in appropriate educational 
                      and career development activities.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Any other purposes the 
                Under Secretary determines appropriate for enhancing the 
                engineering, applied research, commercialization, and 
                development capabilities of covered educational 
                institutions.

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered educational institution.--The term ``covered 
        educational institution'' means--
                    (A) a mining, metallurgical, geological, or mineral 
                engineering program--
                          (i) accredited by a non-governmental 
                      organization that accredits post-secondary 
                      education programs in applied and natural science, 
                      engineering technology, and computing; and
                          (ii) located at an institution of higher 
                      education; or
                    (B) any other post-secondary educational institution 
                with a geology or engineering program or department that 
                has experience in mining research or work with the 
                mining industry.
            (2) Critical materials.--The term ``critical materials'' 
        means materials designated as strategic and critical under 
        section 3(a) of the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock 
        Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98b(a)).
            (3) Institution of higher education.--For purposes of 
        paragraph (1), the term ``institution of higher education'' has

[[Page 137 STAT. 199]]

        the meaning given in section 101 of the Higher Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
SEC. 228. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4571 note.>>  POLICIES FOR MANAGEMENT AND 
                        CERTIFICATION OF LINK 16 MILITARY TACTICAL 
                        DATA LINK NETWORK.

    (a) Policies Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement policies to adapt Link 16 system management and certification 
to align with agile development practices.
    (b) <<NOTE: Processes.>>  Elements.--The policies required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A standardized process through a Chairman, Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff Manual, to allow Link 16 frequency use within approved 
        special use airspaces for the purpose of testing radio systems 
        and associated software that have not completed electromagnetic 
        compatibility features certification. Such process--
                    (A) shall, at a minimum, ensure routine and 
                continued approval for test operations of developmental 
                systems in the Nevada Test and Training Range, 
                Restricted Area 2508, Warning Area 151/470, Warning Area 
                386, and the Joint Pacific Alaska Range Complex; and
                    (B) may incorporate standardized mitigations that 
                enable routine approval including effective radiated 
                power settings and coordination for rapid test 
                termination.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Processes to streamline approval or 
        denial of temporary frequency assignment for Link 16 operations 
        to not more than 15 days for test, training, and large-scale 
        exercises. In developing such processes, the Secretary of 
        Defense--
                    (A) shall ensure that the processes cover operations 
                in excess of uncoordinated operations time slot duty 
                factor limits, inclusion of foreign participants, and 
                participation of non-stage 4 approved terminals or 
                platforms; and
                    (B) consider delegating sole authority for temporary 
                frequency assignment to the Department of Defense and 
                the automation of decision-making processes relating to 
                such assignments.
            (3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Delegation of authority to the 
        system manager for Link 16 to determine when new software within 
        Department of Defense Link 16 terminals affects electromagnetic 
        compatibility features and requires recertification.
            (4) <<NOTE: Compliance.>>  The self-certification by the 
        Department of Defense of the compliance of the Department's 
        radios with electromagnetic compatibility features.
            (5) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Processes to internally manage Link 
        16 uncoordinated operations that enable approval for test, 
        training, and exercises that does not exceed 15 days for systems 
        holding an active radio frequency authorization or temporary 
        frequency assignment.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Information to Congress.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  a briefing on the policies 
        developed under subsection (a), along with a timeline for 
        implementation of such policies; and
            (2) <<NOTE: List. Determination.>>  a list of such 
        additional resources or authorities as the Secretary determines 
        may be required to implement such policies.

[[Page 137 STAT. 200]]

    (d) Testing Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Review. Determinations.>>  In general.--In 
        conjunction with the development of the policies required under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall conduct, sponsor, 
        or review testing and analysis that determines if any effects on 
        air traffic systems are possible due to Link 16 terminals which 
        have not completed electromagnetic compatibility features 
        certification and quantifies any such effects. 
        Such <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  testing shall evaluate Link 16 
        transmission within plus or minus 7 megahertz of the 1030 and 
        1090 megahertz frequency bands to determine if effects on air 
        traffic systems are possible, under what conditions such effects 
        could occur, and the impact of such effects.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the results of 
        the testing conducted under paragraph (1), with an emphasis on 
        procedures that the Secretary intends to implement to negate 
        harmful effects on air traffic from the use of Link 16 terminals 
        or platforms that have not completed electromagnetic 
        compatibility features certification, within special use 
        airspace.
SEC. 229. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3601 note.>>  RAPID RESPONSE TO EMERGENT 
                        TECHNOLOGY ADVANCEMENTS OR THREATS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Authorities.--Upon approval by the 
Secretary of Defense of a determination described in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of a military department may use the rapid acquisition and 
funding authorities established pursuant to section 3601 of title 10, 
United States Code, to initiate urgent or emerging operational 
development activities for a period of up to one year, in order to--
            (1) leverage an emergent technological advancement of value 
        to the national defense to address a military service-specific 
        need; or
            (2) provide a rapid response to an emerging threat 
        identified by a military service.

    (b) Determination.--A determination described in this subsection is 
a determination by the Secretary of a military department submitted in 
writing to the Secretary of Defense that provides the following:
            (1) Identification of a compelling urgent or emergency 
        national security need to immediately initiate development 
        activity in anticipation of a programming or budgeting action, 
        in order to leverage an emergent technological advancement or 
        provide a rapid response to an emerging threat.
            (2) Justification for why the effort cannot be delayed until 
        the next submission of the budget of the President (under 
        section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code) without harming 
        the national defense.
            (3) Funding is identified for the effort in the current 
        fiscal year to initiate the activity.
            (4) An appropriate acquisition pathway and programmed 
        funding for transition to continued development, integration, or 
        sustainment is identified to on-ramp this activity within two 
        years.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Additional Procedures.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall

[[Page 137 STAT. 201]]

        amend the procedures for the rapid acquisition and deployment of 
        capabilities needed in response to urgent operational needs 
        prescribed pursuant to such section 3601 to carry out this 
        section. Such updated procedures shall be provided to the 
        congressional defense committees concurrently with the 
        promulgation to the rest of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Requirements to be included.--The procedures amended 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following requirements:
                    (A) Funding.--(i) Subject to clause (ii), in any 
                fiscal year in which a determination described in 
                subsection (b) is made, the Secretary of the military 
                department making the determination may initiate the 
                activities authorized under subsection (a) using any 
                funds available to the Secretary for such fiscal year 
                for--
                          (I) procurement; or
                          (II) research, development, test, and 
                      evaluation.
                    (ii) The total cost of all developmental activities 
                within the Department of Defense, funded under this 
                section, may not exceed $100,000,000 for any fiscal 
                year.
                    (B) Waiver authority.--(i) Subject to clause (ii), 
                the Secretary of the military department making a 
                determination under subsection (b) may issue a waiver 
                under subsection (d) of such section 3601.
                    (ii) Chapter 221 of title 10, United States Code, 
                may not be waived pursuant to clause (i).
                    (C) Transition.--(i) Any acquisition initiated under 
                subsection (a) shall transition to an appropriate 
                acquisition pathway for transition and integration of 
                the development activity, or be transitioned to a newly 
                established program element or procurement line for 
                completion of such activity.
                    (ii)(I) <<NOTE: Extension authority.>>  Transition 
                shall be completed within one year of initiation, but 
                may be extended one time only at the discretion of the 
                Secretary of the military department for one additional 
                year.
                    (II) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  In the event an 
                extension determination is made under subclause (I), the 
                affected Secretary of the military department shall 
                submit to the congressional defense committees, not 
                later than 30 days before the extension takes effect, 
                written notification of the extension with a 
                justification for the extension.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Concurrent with promulgation to 
        the Department of the amendments to the procedures under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees the procedures updated by such amendments.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Congressional Notification.--Within 15 days 
after the Secretary of Defense approves a determination described in 
subsection (b), the Secretary of the military department making the 
determination shall provide written notification of such determination 
to the congressional defense committees following the procedures for 
notification in subsections (c)(4)(D) and (c)(4)(F) of such section 
3601. A notice under this subsection shall be sufficient to fulfill any 
requirement to provide notification to Congress for a new start program.

[[Page 137 STAT. 202]]

SEC. 230. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 9531.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO 
                        COMMERCIALIZE PROTOTYPES OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force, 
acting through the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics, shall carry out a pilot program under which 
the Secretary identifies prototypes under development by the Department 
of the Air Force that have the potential to be developed into commercial 
products and provides support to qualified entities to carry out 
projects to commercialize such prototypes.

    (b) Form of Support.--The support provided to a qualified entity 
under subsection (a) may include the award of--
            (1) <<NOTE: Grants.>>  a grant;
            (2) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  a contract or other agreement; or
            (3) such other form of support as the Secretary of the Air 
        Force determines appropriate.

    (c) Amount.--The total value of support awarded to a qualified 
entity under this section may not exceed $10,000,000.
    (d) Funding.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall carry out the 
pilot program under this section using funds designated as budget 
activity 6 (RDT&E management support) or budget activity 4 (Advanced 
Component Development and Prototypes) as those budget activity 
classifications are set forth in volume 2B, chapter 5 of the Department 
of Defense Financial Management Regulation (DOD 7000.14-R).
    (e) Application.--
            (1) In general.--A qualified entity that seeks an award of 
        support under this section shall submit an application to the 
        Secretary of the Air Force at such time, in such manner, and 
        containing such information as the Secretary may require.
            (2) Contents.--As part of the application required under 
        paragraph (1), a qualified entity shall--
                    (A) outline measures the entity will implement to 
                give the Department of Defense purchasing priority when 
                supply chain issues are a factor;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Certification. Compliance.>>  certify 
                that the entity will, with respect to the export of any 
                such product, comply with--
                          (i) International Traffic in Arms Regulations 
                      under subchapter M of chapter I of title 22, Code 
                      of Federal Regulations (or any successor 
                      regulations); and
                          (ii) any other applicable export restrictions; 
                      and
                    (C) acknowledge that the entity may seek advice and 
                assistance from the Department of the Air Force and the 
                Department of State in the event that the export 
                restrictions applicable to a commercial product 
                developed with support under this section--
                          (i) are more restrictive than the export 
                      restrictions applicable to the component 
                      technologies that comprise the product; and
                          (ii) are expected to unnecessarily impede the 
                      ability to make the product commercially available 
                      outside the United States.

    (f) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 
2024, the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, 
Technology, and Logistics shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the implementation of the pilot program under 
this section and any related policy issues.

[[Page 137 STAT. 203]]

    (g) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days 
after each instance in which the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force 
for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics awards support to a qualified 
entity under this section, the Assistant Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees notice of such award.

    (h) Termination.--The pilot program under this section shall 
terminate on the date that is five years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    (i) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``commercialize'', when used with respect to a 
        prototype, means to transition a prototype into a commercial 
        product.
            (2) The term ``commercial product'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 103 of title 41, United States Code.
            (3) The term ``qualified entity'' means an individual or 
        entity the Secretary of the Air Force determines to be qualified 
        to participate in the pilot program under this section.
SEC. 231. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON NEAR-TERM 
                        QUANTUM COMPUTING APPLICATIONS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program under which the Secretary, in partnership with the entities 
specified in subsection (b), establishes and operates a program that 
enables organizations of the Department of Defense, including the Armed 
Forces, to test and evaluate how quantum and quantum-hybrid applications 
may be used--
            (1) to solve technical problems and research challenges 
        identified under section 234(e) of the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232; 10 U.S.C. 4001 note) and such other near-term technical 
        problems and challenges facing the Department and the Armed 
        Forces as the Secretary may identify; and
            (2) to provide capabilities needed by the Department and the 
        Armed Forces in the near-term.

    (b) Entities Specified.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
carry out the pilot program under subsection (a) in partnership with--
            (1) a federally funded research and development center, 
        university affiliated research center, center of excellence, or 
        similar entity; and
            (2) one or more private-sector entities with expertise in 
        quantum computing and quantum information science.

    (c) Activities.--Under the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense, 
in partnership with the entities specified in subsection (b), may--
            (1) convene a group of experts and organizations to identify 
        and articulate challenges faced by the Department of Defense, 
        including the Armed Forces, that have the potential to be 
        addressed by quantum and quantum-hybrid applications;
            (2) develop and mature demonstrations, proofs of concept, 
        pilot programs, and other measures to address the challenges 
        identified under paragraph (1) using quantum and quantum-hybrid 
        applications;
            (3) develop pathways through which successful 
        demonstrations, proofs of concept, pilot programs, and other 
        measures developed and matured under paragraph (2) may be

[[Page 137 STAT. 204]]

        transitioned to more advanced stages of research and development 
        or into operational use within the Department;
            (4) ensure that any quantum-based or quantum-hybrid 
        application-based solutions identified under the program are 
        capable of development and deployment within the period covered 
        by the most recent future-years defense program submitted to 
        Congress under section 221 of title 10, United States Code (as 
        of the time of the pilot program);
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  assess the utility of commercial 
        quantum and quantum-hybrid applications for meeting the near-
        term needs of warfighters; and
            (5) seek to build and strengthen relationships between the 
        Department of Defense, academic institutions, small businesses, 
        and nontraditional defense contractors (as defined in section 
        3014 of title 10, United States Code) in the technology industry 
        that may have unused or underused solutions to specific 
        operational challenges of the Department relating to quantum and 
        quantum-hybrid applications.

    (d) Briefing and Reports.--
            (1) Interim briefing.--Not later than 30 days before 
        commencing the pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary 
        of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing that--
                    (A) identifies the entities the Secretary intends to 
                partner with for the purposes of carrying out the pilot 
                program, including--
                          (i) any entities specified in subsection (b);
                          (ii) any of the Armed Forces; and
                          (iii) any other departments and agencies of 
                      the Federal Government with pre-existing quantum 
                      technology research efforts; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  describes the plan of the 
                Secretary for developing and operating the program.
            (2) Annual report.--By December 1 of each year in which the 
        pilot program under subsection (a) is carried out, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) a description of the problem sets and 
                capabilities that were evaluated by organizations of the 
                Department of Defense under the program;
                    (B) an explanation of whether and to what extent the 
                program resulted in the identification of potential 
                solutions based on quantum and quantum-hybrid 
                applications;
                    (C) any potential barriers to the use of quantum and 
                quantum-hybrid applications to solve near-term problems 
                for the Department of Defense, including the Armed 
                Forces; and
                    (D) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations 
                regarding how the Department of Defense can better 
                leverage and deploy quantum and quantum-hybrid 
                applications to address near-term military applications 
                and operational needs.

    (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program under 
subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2026.
    (f) Definition.--In this section, the term ``quantum and quantum-
hybrid applications'' means algorithms and applications

[[Page 137 STAT. 205]]

which use quantum mechanics through quantum processing units, 
including--
            (1) quantum-classical hybrid applications which are 
        applications that use both quantum computing and classical 
        computing hardware systems;
            (2) annealing and gate systems; and
            (3) all qubit modalities (including superconducting, 
        trapped-ion, neutral atom, and photonics).
SEC. 232. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 7532.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO 
                        FACILITATE ACCESS TO ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY 
                        DEVELOPED BY SMALL BUSINESSES FOR GROUND 
                        VEHICLE SYSTEMS OF THE ARMY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Contracts.>>  Program Required.--Beginning not 
later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of the Army shall carry out a pilot program under which the 
Secretary seeks to facilitate a contract between the Ground Vehicle 
Systems Center of the Army and a non-profit research institute for the 
purposes of improving the ability of the Center to access advanced 
technology developed by a small business concern (as defined under 
section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)). Any such contract 
shall be a commercial solutions opening contract entered into pursuant 
to section 3458 of title 10, United States Code.

    (b) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program under 
this section shall terminate five years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
SEC. 233. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING 
                        DOCUMENTATION ON FUTURE ATTACK 
                        RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for fiscal year 2024, and available for the Office of the 
Secretary of the Army for the travel of persons, not more than 70 
percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the 
Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees the analysis 
of alternatives document for the Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft 
program.

           Subtitle C--Energetics and Other Munitions Matters

SEC. 241. JOINT ENERGETICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States 
Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 131.>>  is amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 148. <<NOTE: 10 USC 148.>>  Joint Energetics Transition 
                Office

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Establishment.>>  In General.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall establish a Joint Energetics Transition Office (in this 
section referred to as the `Office') within the Department of Defense. 
The Office shall carry out the activities described in subsection (c) 
and shall have such other responsibilities relating to energetic 
materials as the Secretary shall specify.

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Designations.>>  Leadership and Administration.--
            ``(1) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment shall designate an individual to serve as the head 
        of the Office. The Under Secretary shall select such individual 
        from among officials of the Department of Defense serving

[[Page 137 STAT. 206]]

        in organizations under the jurisdiction of the Under Secretary 
        at the time of such designation. The head of the Office shall--
                    ``(A) report directly to the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  coordinate, as 
                appropriate, with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering.
            ``(2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering shall designate an individual to serve as the deputy 
        head of the Office. The Under Secretary shall select such 
        individual from among officials of the Department of Defense 
        serving in organizations under the jurisdiction of the Under 
        Secretary at the time of such designation. The deputy head of 
        the Office shall report directly to the head of the Office and 
        to the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
            ``(3) The head of the Office and deputy head of the Office 
        shall be responsible for the overall management and operation of 
        the Office. The Under Secretaries shall ensure that the head and 
        deputy head of the Office are not assigned outside duties that 
        would diminish their ability to effectively manage and operate 
        the Office.

    ``(c) Responsibilities.--The Office shall do the following:
            ``(1) Develop and periodically update an energetic materials 
        strategic plan and investment strategy to guide investments in 
        both new and legacy energetic materials and technologies across 
        the entire supply chain for the total life cycle of energetic 
        materials, including raw materials, ingredients, propellants, 
        pyrotechnics, and explosives for munitions, weapons, and 
        propulsion systems. Such strategy and plan shall provide for--
                    ``(A) developing or supporting the development of 
                strategic plans for energetic materials and 
                technologies, including associated performance metrics 
                for the Office, over the periods covered by the future-
                years defense program required under section 221 of this 
                title and the program objective memorandum process;
                    ``(B) initiating special studies or analyses--
                          ``(i) to determine targets that would be 
                      optimally addressed or defeated by weapons that 
                      incorporate novel energetic materials; and
                          ``(ii) to inform the program objective 
                      memorandum process; and
                    ``(C) identifying any shortfalls in the supply chain 
                for energetic materials and developing plans to 
                alleviate any shortfalls through the expansion of the 
                energetic materials industrial base to include critical 
                contractors, subcontractors, and suppliers.
            ``(2) Coordinate and ensure consistency and congruity among 
        research, development, test, and evaluation efforts in energetic 
        materials across the Department of Defense--
                    ``(A) to identify promising new energetic materials 
                and technologies;
                    ``(B) to mature, integrate, prototype, test, and 
                demonstrate novel energetic materials and technologies, 
                including new materials and manufacturing technologies;

[[Page 137 STAT. 207]]

                    ``(C) to expedite testing, evaluation, and 
                acquisition of energetic materials and technologies to 
                meet the emergent needs of the Department, including the 
                rapid integration of promising new materials and other 
                promising energetic compounds into weapons platforms;
                    ``(D) to identify or establish prototyping 
                demonstration venues to integrate advanced technologies 
                that speed the maturation and deployment of energetic 
                materials; and
                    ``(E) to support collaboration among industry, 
                academia, and elements of the Department of Defense to 
                transition energetic materials and technologies from the 
                research and development phase to production and 
                operational use within the Department.
            ``(3) Oversee a process to expedite--
                    ``(A) the validation, verification, and 
                accreditation of modeling and simulation of energetic 
                materials for the development of requirements; and
                    ``(B) the qualification process for energetic 
                materials, from discovery through transition to 
                production and integration into weapon systems.
            ``(4) Recommend changes to laws, regulations, and policies 
        that present barriers or extend timelines for the expedited 
        process described in paragraph (3).
            ``(5) Coordinate with other organizations involved in 
        energetic materials activities within the Department of Defense, 
        including the Armed Forces, and across other departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government.
            ``(6) Pursuant to the authority provided under section 191 
        of this title, establish and manage a Department of Defense 
        Field Activity dedicated to systems engineering associated with 
        energetic materials. Such Field Activity shall be funded under 
        budget activity 3 (advanced technology development) or budget 
        activity 4 (advanced component development and prototypes) (as 
        such budget activity classifications are set forth in volume 2B, 
        chapter 5 of the Department of Defense Financial Management 
        Regulation (DOD 7000.14-R)) to reduce technical risk, integrate 
        research, development, test, and evaluation, and perform system 
        demonstration programs of the Department of Defense on novel 
        energetic materials for use in weapon systems.
            ``(7) Carry out such other responsibilities relating to 
        energetic materials as the Secretary shall specify.

    ``(d) Additional Requirements.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the Office is budgeted for and funded in a manner sufficient 
to ensure the Office has the staff and other resources necessary to 
effectively carry out the responsibilities specified in subsection (c).
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section, the term `energetic materials' 
means critical chemicals and formulations that--
            ``(1) release large amounts of stored chemical energy; and
            ``(2) are capable of being used as explosives, propellants, 
        pyrotechnics, and reactive materials that--
                    ``(A) create lethal effects in warheads in kinetic 
                weapons components and systems; or
                    ``(B) increase propellant performance in a weapon 
                propulsion system as related to lethal effects, range, 
                or speed.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 208]]

    (b) Status Reports.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, a report on the status of the establishment of 
        Joint Energetics Transition Office under section 148 of title 
        10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a);
            (2) not later than one year after such date of enactment, a 
        report on the measures taken to provide the Joint Energetics 
        Transition Office with the staff and resources necessary for the 
        Office to carry out the responsibilities specified in subsection 
        (c) of such section 148; and
            (3) not later than two years after such date of enactment, a 
        report that includes the energetic materials strategic plan and 
        investment strategy required under subsection (c)(1) of such 
        section 148.

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period. Overviews.>>  Annual Reports.--Not later 
than March 1, 2024, and not later than March 1 of each year thereafter 
through 2029, the head of the Joint Energetics Transition Office shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes, 
with respect to the year covered by the report, the following 
information:
            (1) A description of activities carried out in accordance 
        with the energetic materials strategic plan and investment 
        strategy developed under section 148(c)(1) of title 10, United 
        States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, 
        including--
                    (A) a description of any updates to the performance 
                metrics developed for purposes of such plan and 
                strategy; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of the 
                performance of the Office against those metrics.
            (2) An overview of the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation efforts initiated or completed by the Office.
            (3) An overview of the efforts of the Office to expedite 
        qualification processes for energetic materials.
            (4) An overview of efforts of the Office to coordinate with 
        other organizations involved in energetic materials activities 
        across the Department of Defense and other departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government.
SEC. 242. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4172 note.>>  CONSIDERATION OF LETHALITY 
                        IN THE ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES FOR 
                        MUNITIONS.

    (a) Analysis of Alternatives Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that lethality is considered in any analysis of alternatives 
conducted prior to issuing a capability development document for 
purposes of procuring any new munition or modifying an existing 
munition.
    (b) Consideration of Energetic Materials.--In assessing the 
lethality of a munition for purposes of the analysis of alternatives 
described under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall include 
the margin of effectiveness, increased system capacities, and cost 
implications afforded by the potential use of novel or alternative 
energetic materials in the munition to achieve increased explosive 
effects.
    (c) Energetic Materials Defined.--In this section, the term 
``energetic materials'' means critical chemicals that--
            (1) release large amounts of energy in a short amount of 
        time; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 209]]

            (2) are capable of being used in explosives that create 
        lethal effects in warheads.
SEC. 243. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4172 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                        INCORPORATION OF THE CL20 COMPOUND IN 
                        CERTAIN WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a pilot program under which the Secretary incorporates the CL20 
compound as the energetic material for the main fill in the warheads or 
propellants of three weapon systems under development by the Department 
of Defense for the purpose of determining cost, schedule, and lethality 
performance parameters for such systems.
    (b) Selection of Weapon Systems.--Each of the three weapon systems 
selected under subsection (a) shall be a weapon system that does not, as 
of the date of the enactment of this Act, already incorporate the CL20 
compound as the energetic material for the main fill in the warhead or 
propellant of the system.
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Timeline for Integration.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that the CL20 energetic compound is integrated into 
each weapon system selected under subsection (a) by not later than three 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on progress 
of the Secretary in carrying out the pilot program under this section, 
including--
            (1) identification of the weapon systems selected by the 
        Secretary under subsection (a);
            (2) with respect to each such weapon system, identification 
        of--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a timeline for 
                incorporating the CL20 energetic compound into such 
                weapon system;
                    (B) the organization within the Department of 
                Defense responsible for carrying out activities under 
                the pilot program for such weapon system; and
                    (C) any locations at which testing associated with 
                such weapon system under the program is expected to be 
                carried out; and
            (3) the baseline cost, schedule, and lethality objectives 
        that will be used to evaluate the performance of weapon systems 
        under the program.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``energetic material'' 
means critical chemicals and formulations that--
            (1) release large amounts of stored chemical energy; and
            (2) are capable of being used as explosives, propellants, 
        pyrotechnics, and reactive materials that--
                    (A) create lethal effects in warheads in kinetic 
                weapons components and systems; or
                    (B) increase propellant performance in a weapon 
                propulsion system as related to lethal effects, range, 
                or speed.
SEC. 244. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4651.>>  LIMITATION ON 
                        SOURCING CHEMICAL MATERIALS FOR MUNITIONS 
                        FROM CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

    (a) Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense may not procure a chemical 
material for munitions specified in subsection (b) from any country 
specified in subsection (c).

[[Page 137 STAT. 210]]

    (b) Chemical Materials Specified.--The chemical materials for 
munitions specified in this subsection are the chemicals listed under 
the heading ``Task 1: Domestic Production of Critical Chemicals'' in 
section 3.0E of the document of the Department of Defense titled 
``Statement of Objectives (SOO) for Critical Chemicals Production'' 
(FOA: FA8650-19-S-5010, Appendix VI, Call: 012) and dated December 5, 
2022.
    (c) Countries Specified.--The countries specified in this subsection 
are the following:
            (1) The People's Republic of China.
            (2) The Russian Federation.
            (3) The Islamic Republic of Iran.
            (4) The Democratic People's Republic of North Korea.

    (d) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Effective Date.--The requirements of 
this section shall take effect on a date determined by the Secretary of 
Defense that is not later than September 30, 2028.
SEC. 245. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 3201.>>  DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL 
                        BASE MUNITION SURGE CAPACITY CRITICAL 
                        RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, in coordination with the service acquisition executive of 
each military department, may establish a reserve of long-lead items and 
components to accelerate the delivery of munitions described in section 
222c(c) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Quantity.--The quantity of long-lead items and components 
reserved pursuant to subsection (a) should be in amounts commensurate to 
fulfill the requirements identified as Out-Year Unconstrained Total 
Munitions Requirement and Out-Year inventory numbers under section 
222c(a) of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Authority for Advance Procurement.--
The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may enter 
into one or more contracts, beginning in fiscal year 2024, for the 
advance procurement of long-lead items and components, or economic order 
quantities of such items and components when cost savings are 
achievable, associated with munitions identified in subsection (a). 
Advance procurement authority may include the cost of shipping, storage, 
tracking, maintenance, and obsolescence management of long-lead items 
and components while held in the reserve described in subsection (a).

    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Limitations.--No long-lead item or 
component may be procured under this section if the anticipated life 
cycle of such item or component requires disposal due to lack of 
military utility less than 8 years after such item or component is 
procured.

    (e) <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  Report.--Not later than February 1, 
2025, and annually thereafter until February 1, 2030, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that describes the use of the 
authority under this section, including--
            (1) the type, number, and value of long-lead items and 
        components procured under each contractual action; and
            (2) information about the location of storage of such items 
        and components.

    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``long-lead item or component'' means a 
        material, component, or subsystem of a munition that must be 
        procured well in advance of the need for such munition.

[[Page 137 STAT. 211]]

            (2) The terms ``service acquisition executive'' and 
        ``military department'' have the meanings given, respectively, 
        in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.

              Subtitle D--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 251. CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION OF CHANGES TO DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE POLICY ON AUTONOMY IN WEAPON 
                        SYSTEMS.

    Not <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  later than 30 days after making a 
modification to Department of Defense Directive 3000.09 (relating to 
autonomy in weapon systems) the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
the congressional defense committees a briefing that includes--
            (1) a description of the modification; and
            (2) an explanation of the reasons for the modification.
SEC. 252. AUDIT TO IDENTIFY DIVERSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        FUNDING TO CHINA'S RESEARCH LABS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Study. Time period.>>  In General.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector General 
of the Department of Defense shall conduct a study, and submit a report 
to the congressional defense committees, regarding the amount of Federal 
funds awarded by the Department of Defense (whether directly or 
indirectly) through grants, contracts, subgrants, subcontracts, or any 
other type of agreement or collaboration, during the 10-year period 
immediately preceding such date of enactment, that--
            (1) was provided, whether purposely or inadvertently, to--
                    (A) the People's Republic of China;
                    (B) the Communist Party of China;
                    (C) <<NOTE: Wuhan Institute of Virology.>>  the 
                Wuhan Institute of Virology or any other organization 
                administered by the Chinese Academy of Sciences;
                    (D) <<NOTE: EcoHealth Alliance Inc.>>  EcoHealth 
                Alliance Inc. for work performed in China on research 
                supported by the Government of China, including any 
                subsidiaries and related organizations that are directly 
                controlled by EcoHealth Alliance, Inc.;
                    (E) <<NOTE: Academy of Military Medical 
                Sciences. Beijing Institute of Microbiology and 
                Epidemiology.>>  the Academy of Military Medical 
                Sciences or any of its research institutes, including 
                the Beijing Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology; 
                or
                    (F) any other lab, agency, organization, individual, 
                or instrumentality that is owned, controlled (directly 
                or indirectly), or overseen (officially or unofficially) 
                by any of the entities listed in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (E); or
            (2) was used to fund research or experiments that could have 
        reasonably resulted in the enhancement of any coronavirus, 
        influenza, Nipah, Ebola, or other pathogen of pandemic potential 
        or chimeric versions of such a virus or pathogen in the People's 
        Republic of China or any other foreign country.

    (b) Identification of Countries and Pathogens.--The report required 
under subsection (a) shall specify--
            (1) the countries in which the research or experiments 
        described in subsection (a)(2) was conducted; and
            (2) the pathogens involved in such research or experiments.

[[Page 137 STAT. 212]]

SEC. 253. ANNUAL REVIEW OF STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR 
                        DIGITAL ENGINEERING CAREER TRACKS.

    Not <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  less frequently than once each year 
until December 31, 2029, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) conduct an internal review of the status of the 
        implementation of the plan submitted to Congress pursuant to 
        section 230(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 501 note prec.), 
        which shall include consideration of how the rapid rate of 
        technological change in data science and machine learning may 
        affect the implementation of the plan; and
            (2) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        that includes--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the status of 
                the implementation of the plan described in paragraph 
                (1);
                    (B) the findings of the Secretary with respect to 
                the most recent review conducted under such paragraph; 
                and
                    (C) the plan of the Secretary for addressing the 
                digital engineering personnel needs of the Department of 
                Defense in the years following the date of the report.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Improvement and codification of Sentinel Landscapes 
           Partnership program authority.
Sec. 312. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
           projects at National Guard facilities.
Sec. 313. Modification to technical assistance authority for 
           environmental restoration activities.
Sec. 314. Coordination on agreements to limit encroachments and other 
           constraints on military training, testing, and operations.
Sec. 315. Requirement for approval by Under Secretary of Defense for 
           Acquisition and Sustainment of waiver for systems not meeting 
           fuel efficiency key performance parameter.
Sec. 316. Modification to prototype and demonstration projects for 
           energy resilience at certain military installations.
Sec. 317. Authority to transfer certain funds as payment relating to 
           Naval Air Station, Moffett Field, California.
Sec. 318. Prohibition on required disclosure by Department of Defense 
           contractors of information relating to greenhouse gas 
           emissions.
Sec. 319. Required infrastructure plan prior to deployment of certain 
           non-tactical vehicles at military installations.
Sec. 320. Prohibition and report requirement relating to certain energy 
           programs of Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Report on schedule and cost estimates for completion of 
           testing and remediation of contaminated sites; publication of 
           cleanup information.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                               Substances

Sec. 331. Modification of timing of report on activities of PFAS Task 
           Force.
Sec. 332. Budget justification document for funding relating to 
           perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Increase of transfer authority for funding of study and 
           assessment on health implications of perfluoroalkyl 
           substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in 
           drinking water by Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease 
           Registry.
Sec. 334. Prizes for development of technology for thermal destruction 
           of perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 335. Treatment of certain materials contaminated with 
           perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.

[[Page 137 STAT. 213]]

Sec. 336. Government Accountability Office reports on testing and 
           remediation of perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
           substances.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341.  Modification of rule of construction regarding provision of 
           support and services to non-Department of Defense 
           organizations and activities.
Sec. 342. Repeal of Comptroller General review requirement relating to 
           core logistics capabilities.
Sec. 343. Modifications to Contested Logistics Working Group of 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 344. Matters relating to briefings on Shipyard Infrastructure 
           Optimization Program of the Navy.
Sec. 345. Foreign military sales exclusion in calculation for certain 
           workload carryover of Department of the Army.
Sec. 346. Pilot program on optimization of aerial refueling and fuel 
           management in contested logistics environments through use of 
           artificial intelligence.
Sec. 347. Limitation on availability of funds to expand leased 
           facilities for Joint Military Information Support Operations 
           Web Operations Center.
Sec. 348. Limitation on availability of funds pending submission of 
           certain 30-year shipbuilding plan by the Secretary of the 
           Navy.
Sec. 349. Plan regarding condition and maintenance of prepositioned 
           stockpiles of the Army.
Sec. 350. Strategy and assessment on use of automation and artificial 
           intelligence for shipyard optimization.
Sec. 351. Assessment and strategy relating to hardening of certain 
           military installations against attack by Iran and Iranian-
           associated groups.
Sec. 352. Semiannual briefings on operational status of amphibious 
           warship fleet.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Review of notice of presumed risk issued by Military Aviation 
           and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse.
Sec. 362. Modifications to military aviation and installation assurance 
           clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 363. Modification to Joint Safety Council.
Sec. 364. Designation of official responsible for coordination of 
           renegotiation of certain land leases owned by Department of 
           Defense in Hawaii.
Sec. 365. Continued designation of Secretary of the Navy as executive 
           agent for Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical 
           Training School.
Sec. 366. Establishment of Caisson Platoon and support for military and 
           State funeral services at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 367. Recovery of rare earth elements and other strategic and 
           critical materials through end-of-life equipment recycling.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2024 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. IMPROVEMENT AND CODIFICATION OF SENTINEL LANDSCAPES 
                        PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM AUTHORITY.

    (a) Codification of Existing Statute.--Section 317 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
U.S.C. 2684a note) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 2661, 2684a notes, 2693.>>  is--
            (1) transferred to chapter 159 of title 10, United States 
        Code;
            (2) inserted after section 2692 of such chapter; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 214]]

            (3) redesignated as section 2693.

    (b) Improvements to Sentinel Landscapes Partnership Program.--
Section 2693 of title 10, United States Code, as so transferred and 
redesignated, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``and the Secretary of 
        the Interior'' and inserting ``, the Secretary of the Interior, 
        and the heads of other Federal departments and agencies that 
        elect to become full partners in the program'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``and the Secretary of 
        the Interior, may, as the Secretaries'' and inserting ``the 
        Secretary of the Interior, and the heads of other Federal 
        departments and agencies that elect to become full partners in 
        the Sentinel Landscapes Partnership may, as such Secretaries and 
        other heads'';
            (3) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:

    ``(c) Coordination of Activities.--In carrying out this section, the 
Secretaries and the other heads of Federal departments and agencies may 
coordinate actions between their departments and agencies and with other 
Federal, State, interstate, and local agencies, Indian Tribes, and 
private entities to more efficiently work together for the mutual 
benefit of conservation, resilience, working lands, and national 
defense, and to encourage owners and managers of land to engage in 
voluntary land management, resilience, and conservation activities that 
contribute to the sustainment of military installations, State-owned 
National Guard installations, and associated airspace.'';
            (4) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking the first sentence and inserting 
                ``In carrying out this section, the Secretaries and the 
                other heads of Federal departments and agencies may give 
                to any eligible owner or manager of land within a 
                designated sentinel landscape priority consideration for 
                participation in any easement, grant, or assistance 
                program administered by that Secretary or head.''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``eligible 
                landowner or agricultural producer'' and inserting 
                ``eligible owner or manager of land'';
            (5) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to require an owner or manager of land, including a private 
landowner or agricultural producer, to participate in any land 
management, resilience, or conservation activity under this section.''; 
and
            (7) in subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``section 670(1) 
                of title 16, United States Code'' and inserting 
                ``section 100(1) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670(1))'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``section 670(3) 
                of title 16, United States Code'' and inserting 
                ``section 100(3) of the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670(3))''; 
                and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by amending subparagraph (B) 
                to read as follows:
                    ``(B) the publicly and privately owned lands that 
                serve to protect and support the rural economy, the 
                natural environment, outdoor recreation, and the 
                national defense

[[Page 137 STAT. 215]]

                missions of a military installation or State-owned 
                National Guard installation.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, is further 
amended--
            (1) in section 2684a(g)(2)(E), by striking ``Sentinel 
        Landscapes Partnership established under section 317 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public 
        Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note)'' and inserting ``Sentinel 
        Landscapes Partnership under section 2693 of this title''; and
            (2) in section 2694(e), by striking ``meaning given that 
        term in section 317(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2684a note)'' 
        and inserting ``meaning given that term in section 2693(g) of 
        this title''.
SEC. 312. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION 
                        PROJECTS AT NATIONAL GUARD FACILITIES.

    (a) Clarification of Definition of National Guard Facilities.--
Section 2700(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``State-owned'';
            (2) by striking ``owned and operated by a State when such 
        land is''; and
            (3) by striking ``even though such land is not under the 
        jurisdiction of the Department of Defense.'' and inserting 
        ``without regard to--''
                    ``(A) the owner or operator of the facility; or
                    ``(B) whether the facility is under the jurisdiction 
                of the Department of Defense or a military 
                department.''.

    (b) Inclusion Under Defense Environmental Restoration Program.--
Section 2701(a)(1) of such title is amended by striking ``State-owned''.
    (c) Response Actions at National Guard Facilities.--Section 
2701(c)(1)(D) of such title is amended by striking ``State-owned''.
    (d) Services of Other Entities.--Section 2701(d)(1) of such title is 
amended, in the second sentence, by inserting ``or at a National Guard 
facility'' before the period at the end.
    (e) Environmental Restoration Accounts.--Section 2703(g)(1) of such 
title is amended by inserting ``, a National Guard facility,'' after 
``Department of Defense''.
    (f) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 2707 of such title is amended by 
        striking subsection (e).
            (2) Reference update.--Section 345(f)(1) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-
        81; 10 U.S.C. 2715 note) is amended by striking ``facility where 
        military activities are conducted by the National Guard of a 
        State pursuant to section 2707(e) of title 10, United States 
        Code'' and inserting ``National Guard facility, as such term is 
        defined in section 2700 of title 10, United States Code''.
SEC. 313. MODIFICATION TO TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AUTHORITY FOR 
                        ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION ACTIVITIES.

    Section 2705(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``upon the request of the technical 
                review committee or restoration advisory board for an 
                installation'' and inserting ``upon the request of the 
                technical review committee for an installation, 
                restoration

[[Page 137 STAT. 216]]

                advisory board for an installation, community concerned 
                with respect to an installation, or individual member of 
                such community''; and
                    (B) by striking ``to obtain'' and all that follows 
                through ``interpreting'' and inserting ``to obtain from 
                covered sources technical assistance for the committee, 
                advisory board, community, or individual (as the case 
                may be) to interpret'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``technical review committee or 
                restoration advisory board'' and inserting ``technical 
                review committee, restoration advisory board, community, 
                or individual''; and
                    (B) by striking ``only if'' and all that follows 
                through the closing period and inserting ``only if the 
                technical assistance--''
                    ``(A) is likely to contribute to the efficiency, 
                effectiveness, or timeliness of environmental 
                restoration activities at the installation; or
                    ``(B) is a service described in paragraph (3).''; 
                and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:

    ``(3) A service described in this paragraph is a service to improve 
public participation in, or assist in the navigation of, environmental 
restoration activities at an installation by the community concerned or 
an individual member of such community, including with respect to the 
following:
            ``(A) The interpretation of site-related documents, 
        including documents concerning the nature of a release or 
        threatened release at the installation, monitoring, testing 
        plans, and reports associated with site assessment and 
        characterization at the installation.
            ``(B) The interpretation of health-related information.
            ``(C) The interpretation of documents, plans, proposed 
        actions, and final decisions relating to--
                    ``(i) an interim remedial action;
                    ``(ii) a remedial investigation or feasibility 
                study;
                    ``(iii) a record of decision;
                    ``(iv) a remedial design;
                    ``(v) the selection and construction of remedial 
                action;
                    ``(vi) operation and maintenance;
                    ``(vii) a five-year review at the installation; or
                    ``(viii) a removal action at the installation.
            ``(D) Assistance with the preparation of public comments.
            ``(E) The development of outreach materials to improve 
        public participation.
            ``(F) The provision of advice and guidance regarding 
        additional technical assistance for which the community or 
        individual, as the case may be, may be eligible.

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this subsection, the term `covered 
source' means a private sector source, a Federal department or agency 
other than the Department of Defense (pursuant to a Federal interagency 
agreement), or a nonprofit entity (pursuant to a cooperative agreement 
entered into with such entity).''.
SEC. 314. COORDINATION ON AGREEMENTS TO LIMIT ENCROACHMENTS AND 
                        OTHER CONSTRAINTS ON MILITARY TRAINING, 
                        TESTING, AND OPERATIONS.

    Section 2684a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 217]]

            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (j) as 
        subsections (d) through (k), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(c) Authority to Coordinate.--(1) In entering into an agreement 
under subsection (a) or undertaking a project under such agreement, the 
Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of a military department, as the 
case may be, may coordinate with any other covered official with an 
interest in the activities proposed to be undertaken under such 
agreement.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this subsection, the term `covered 
official' means a Secretary concerned, the Director of the Army National 
Guard, or the Director of the Air National Guard.''; and
            (3) in subsection (h)(2)(D), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``subsection 
        (e)''.
SEC. 315. REQUIREMENT FOR APPROVAL BY UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
                        FOR ACQUISITION AND SUSTAINMENT OF WAIVER 
                        FOR SYSTEMS NOT MEETING FUEL EFFICIENCY 
                        KEY PERFORMANCE PARAMETER.

     Section 332(b) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 U.S.C. 2911 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        the following: ``(1) in general.--The Secretary of Defense''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Waiver of fuel efficiency key performance parameter.--
                    ``(A) In general.--The fuel efficiency key 
                performance parameter implemented pursuant to paragraph 
                (1) may be waived with respect to a system only if--
                          ``(i) such waiver is approved by the Under 
                      Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                      Sustainment; and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the system is 
                      a fuel consuming system that the Under Secretary 
                      of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
                      determines requires, or is likely to require, 
                      sustainment on at least an occasional basis.
                    ``(B) Nondelegation.--The authority to approve a 
                waiver under subparagraph (A) may not be delegated.''.
SEC. 316. MODIFICATION TO PROTOTYPE AND DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS FOR 
                        ENERGY RESILIENCE AT CERTAIN MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Modification to Covered Technologies for Prototype and 
Demonstration Projects.--Section 322(c)(6) of the James M. Inhofe 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-
263; 136 Stat. 2511; 10 U.S.C. 2911 note) is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) Hydrogen creation, storage, and power 
                generation technologies using natural gas or renewable 
                electricity.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2911 note.>>  Applicability.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to covered prototype and 
demonstration projects (as defined in section 322(k) of the James M. 
Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public 
Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2511; 10 U.S.C. 2911 note)) commencing on or 
after the date of the enactment of this Act.

[[Page 137 STAT. 218]]

SEC. 317. AUTHORITY TO TRANSFER CERTAIN FUNDS AS PAYMENT RELATING 
                        TO NAVAL AIR STATION, MOFFETT FIELD, 
                        CALIFORNIA.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Funds.--
            (1) Transfer authority.--The Secretary of the Navy shall, in 
        accordance with section 2703(f) of title 10, United States 
        Code--
                    (A) transfer $218,125 to the Hazardous Substance 
                Superfund established under subchapter A of chapter 98 
                of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, without regard to 
                section 2215 of such title; and
                    (B) transfer $218,125 to the State of California for 
                deposit into the California State Water Pollution 
                Cleanup and Abatement Account.
            (2) Source of funds.--Any transfer under this subsection 
        shall be made using funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
        Act for fiscal year 2024 for the Department of Defense Base 
        Closure Account established by section 2906(a) of the Defense 
        Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (10 U.S.C. 2687 note).

    (b) Purpose of Transfer.--A transfer under subsection (a) shall be 
for the purpose of satisfying a stipulated penalty assessed by the 
Environmental Protection Agency on May 4, 2018, regarding former Naval 
Air Station, Moffett Field, California, under the Federal Facility 
Agreement for Naval Air Station, Moffett Field, which was entered into 
by the Navy, the State of California, and the Environmental Protection 
Agency in 1990 pursuant to section 120 of the Comprehensive 
Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
U.S.C. 9620), and which provided for equal sharing of any such 
stipulated penalty between the appropriate Federal and State funds.
    (c) Effect of Transfers.--If the Secretary of the Navy transfers 
under subsection (a)(1) the amounts required under such subsection, such 
transferred amounts shall be deemed to satisfy in full the stipulated 
penalty referred to in subsection (b) for purposes of the agreement 
referred to in such subsection, pursuant to the resolution of stipulated 
penalties agreed to with respect to such penalties by the Navy, the 
State of California, and the Environmental Protection Agency on October 
1, 2018.
SEC. 318. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4651.>>  PROHIBITION ON 
                        REQUIRED DISCLOSURE BY DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE CONTRACTORS OF INFORMATION 
                        RELATING TO GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Prohibition on Disclosure 
Requirements.--
            (1) Nontraditional defense contractors.--The Secretary of 
        Defense may not require that any nontraditional defense 
        contractor, as a condition of being awarded a contract with the 
        Secretary, disclose a greenhouse gas inventory or any other 
        report on greenhouse gas emissions, unless the Secretary 
        determines that requiring such disclosure is necessary to verify 
        a voluntary disclosure of such inventory or other report by the 
        nontraditional defense contractor.
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Other than nontraditional 
        defense contractors.--During the one-year period beginning on 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        may not require that any individual or entity other than a 
        nontraditional defense contractor, as a condition of being 
        awarded a contract

[[Page 137 STAT. 219]]

        with the Secretary, disclose a greenhouse gas inventory or any 
        other report on greenhouse gas emissions, unless the Secretary 
        determines that requiring such disclosure is necessary to verify 
        a voluntary disclosure of such inventory or other report by the 
        individual or entity.

    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may issue a waiver on a 
contract-by-contract basis provided that the information provided is 
directly related to the performance of the contract. In issuing such a 
waiver, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that any information that 
is required is clearly identifiable.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``greenhouse gas'' means--
                    (A) carbon dioxide;
                    (B) methane;
                    (C) nitrous oxide;
                    (D) nitrogen trifluoride;
                    (E) hydrofluorocarbons;
                    (F) perfluorocarbons; or
                    (G) sulfur hexafluoride.
            (2) The term ``greenhouse gas inventory'' means, with 
        respect to a person, a quantified list of the annual greenhouse 
        gas emissions of the person.
            (3) The term ``nontraditional defense contractor'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 3014 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
SEC. 319. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 2661.>>  REQUIRED 
                        INFRASTRUCTURE PLAN PRIOR TO DEPLOYMENT OF 
                        CERTAIN NON-TACTICAL VEHICLES AT MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Requirement.--No Secretary concerned 
may deploy covered non-tactical vehicles to a military installation 
until, for each such prospective deployment--
            (1) the Secretary concerned--
                    (A) ensures there is completed an infrastructure 
                plan for that military installation relating to the 
                prospective deployment; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  determines such plan 
                is sufficient to ensure the satisfaction of the 
                conditions described in subsection (b); and
            (2) in the case of the first prospective deployment to that 
        military installation, a period of 180 days has elapsed since 
        such determination; or
            (3) in the case of any subsequent prospective deployment to 
        that military installation, a period of 60 days has elapsed 
        since such determination.

    (b) Conditions Described.--The conditions described in this 
subsection are, with respect to a prospective deployment of covered non-
tactical vehicles to a military installation, the following:
            (1) Military logistics and operational requirements of that 
        military installation would not be substantially affected as a 
        result of a lack of infrastructure to support the kind and 
        quantity of such vehicles proposed to be deployed.
            (2) Adequate support facilities for the kind and quantity of 
        such vehicles proposed to be deployed exist at that military 
        installation.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 137 STAT. 220]]

            (1) The term ``covered non-tactical vehicle'' means a non-
        tactical vehicle that is an electric vehicle, hydrogen-powered 
        vehicle, or advanced biofuel-powered vehicle, as such terms are 
        defined in section 328 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 
        Stat. 2519).
            (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 320. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 2922.>>  PROHIBITION AND 
                        REPORT REQUIREMENT RELATING TO CERTAIN 
                        ENERGY PROGRAMS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Russia. China.>>  Prohibition.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense for any operational energy program may be 
provided to any entity owned by, or with known financial or leadership 
ties to, the Russian Federation or the Chinese Communist Party.

    (b) Report Requirement.--As part of the report submitted under 
section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, for fiscal year 2024, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on operational energy programs that includes--
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of each operational energy 
        program; and
            (2) to the extent such information may be determined, a 
        description of--
                    (A) how each such program improves military 
                readiness or capabilities;
                    (B) how each such program shall be sustained 
                (including in a contested environment); and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  the estimated life-
                cycle costs of each such program, including the 
                estimated cost avoidance over such life cycle.

    (c) Operational Energy Program Defined.--In this section, the term 
``operational energy program'' means any program carried out under an 
operational energy initiative of the Department of Defense specified in 
section 2925(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 321. REPORT ON SCHEDULE AND COST ESTIMATES FOR COMPLETION OF 
                        TESTING AND REMEDIATION OF CONTAMINATED 
                        SITES; PUBLICATION OF CLEANUP INFORMATION.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  Report.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and once every 
        two years thereafter until December 31, 2029, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        House of Representatives and the Senate a report that includes--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Proposal.>>  a proposed schedule for the 
                completion of testing and remediation activities 
                (including with respect to the remediation of 
                perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
                substances) at military installations, National Guard 
                facilities, and sites formerly used by the Department of 
                Defense in the United States with respect to which the 
                Secretary obligated funds for environmental restoration 
                activities in fiscal year 2022;
                    (B) for each site specified in subparagraph (A) for 
                which an element of the Department of Defense has 
                completed a remedial investigation but for which testing 
                and

[[Page 137 STAT. 221]]

                remediation activities have not been completed, a 
                detailed cost estimate--
                          (i) for any such activities to be carried out 
                      at such site during the following year; and
                          (ii) for the completion of such activities at 
                      such site;
                    (C) if either cost estimate specified in 
                subparagraph (B) is unavailable with respect to a given 
                site specified in subparagraph (A), a detailed 
                description of known and unknown factors, including site 
                characteristics and the nature of contamination, that 
                may affect the cost to complete testing and remediation 
                activities at such site based on historical costs of 
                remediation for--
                          (i) sites remediated under the Defense 
                      Environmental Restoration Program under section 
                      2701 of title 10, United States Code;
                          (ii) other federally-funded sites; or
                          (iii) privately-funded sites; and
                    (D) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  for each site specified in 
                subparagraph (A) for which the Secretary has completed 
                the preliminary assessment or site inspection phase and 
                that has been designated as requiring a remedial 
                investigation or study on the feasibility of remediating 
                the site, the timeline for the completion of such 
                investigation or study.
            (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``military installation'' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 2801(c) of title 10, 
                United States Code.
                    (B) The term ``National Guard facility'' has the 
                meaning given that term in section 2700 of title 10, 
                United States Code.

    (b) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting. Updates. 10 USC 2701 
note.>>  Publication of Information.--Beginning not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall publish on the publicly available website established under 
section 331(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note) timely and regularly 
updated information on the status of cleanup at sites for which the 
Secretary has obligated funds for environmental restoration activities.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
                               Substances

SEC. 331. MODIFICATION OF TIMING OF REPORT ON ACTIVITIES OF PFAS 
                        TASK FORCE.

     Section 2714(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``and quarterly thereafter,'' and inserting ``and annually 
thereafter through 2029,''.
SEC. 332. BUDGET JUSTIFICATION DOCUMENT FOR FUNDING RELATING TO 
                        PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
                        POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new section:

[[Page 137 STAT. 222]]

``Sec. 2716. <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 2700, 2716.>>  Budget 
                  justification document for funding relating to 
                  perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl 
                  substances

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress, concurrent with 
the submission to Congress of the budget of the President for each 
fiscal year pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, a separate budget 
justification document that consolidates all information pertaining to 
activities of the Department of Defense relating to perfluoroalkyl 
substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances, including funding for and 
descriptions of--
            ``(1) research and development efforts;
            ``(2) testing;
            ``(3) remediation;
            ``(4) contaminant disposal; and
            ``(5) community outreach.''.
SEC. 333. INCREASE OF TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND 
                        ASSESSMENT ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF 
                        PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
                        POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION 
                        IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC 
                        SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new clause:
                    ``(iv) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Without regard to 
                section 2215 of title 10, United States Code, the 
                Secretary of Defense may transfer not more than 
                $5,000,000 during fiscal year 2024 to the Secretary of 
                Health and Human Services to pay for the study and 
                assessment required by this section.''.
SEC. 334. PRIZES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR THERMAL 
                        DESTRUCTION OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
                        OR POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Prizes.--Section 330 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 10 U.S.C. 2661 note prec.), as 
amended by section 343 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 
2530), is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(3) Technology for the thermal destruction of 
        perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``October 1, 2024'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2026''.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated to the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2024 
$1,000,000 to carry out this section.
SEC. 335. TREATMENT OF CERTAIN MATERIALS CONTAMINATED WITH 
                        PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES OR 
                        POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    Section 343 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81; 135 Stat. 1643; 10 U.S.C. 2701 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Beginning not later'' 
        and inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (c), beginning 
        not later'';

[[Page 137 STAT. 223]]

            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as 
        subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(c) Treatment of Certain Materials.--Notwithstanding subsection 
(a), until the date on which the Secretary adopts the final rule 
pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary may treat covered materials, 
including soils that have been contaminated with PFAS, through the use 
of any remediation or disposal technology that is approved by the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (2), by 
        striking ``subsection (c)'' and inserting ``subsection (d)''.
SEC. 336. GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE REPORTS ON TESTING AND 
                        REMEDIATION OF PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
                        AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    Not <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and not later than five years thereafter, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report assessing the state of ongoing 
testing and remediation by the Department of Defense of current or 
former military installations contaminated with perfluoroalkyl 
substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances, including--
            (1) an assessment of the thoroughness, pace, and cost-
        effectiveness of efforts of the Department to conduct testing 
        and remediation relating to such substances;
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations to improve 
        such efforts; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  such other matters as the 
        Comptroller General determines appropriate.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 341. MODIFICATION OF RULE OF CONSTRUCTION REGARDING PROVISION 
                        OF SUPPORT AND SERVICES TO NON-DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATIONS AND ACTIVITIES.

    Section 2012(i) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B), respectively;
            (2) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), as 
        redesignated by paragraph (1), by striking ``Nothing in this 
        section'' and inserting ``(1) Nothing in this section'';
            (3) in subparagraph (A), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        ``, except as provided in paragraph (2),'' before ``for 
        response''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) Funds available to the Secretary of a military department for 
operation and maintenance for the Innovative Readiness Training program 
(as established pursuant to this section) may be expended under this 
section, upon approval by the Secretary concerned, to assist in 
demolition, clearing of roads, infrastructure improvements, and military 
construction to restore an area after a natural disaster.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 224]]

SEC. 342. REPEAL OF COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEW REQUIREMENT 
                        RELATING TO CORE LOGISTICS CAPABILITIES.

    Section 2464 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (e).
SEC. 343. MODIFICATIONS TO CONTESTED LOGISTICS WORKING GROUP OF 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 2926(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended as 
follows:
            (1) Expansion of working group.--
                    (A) Expansion.--In paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by striking ``appointed''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraphs:
            ``(D) <<NOTE: Appointment.>>  A senior official of the 
        Defense Logistics Agency, who shall be appointed by the Director 
        of the Defense Logistics Agency to represent the Defense 
        Logistics Agency.
            ``(E) <<NOTE: Nomination.>>  An official of the Office of 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, who 
        shall be nominated by the Secretary of Defense and confirmed by 
        the Senate to represent such Office.
            ``(F) The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, 
        who shall represent the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition.
            ``(G) The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, 
        who shall represent the Office of the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Sustainment.''.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Deadline. Appointments. 10 USC 2926 
                note.>>  Timing.--Not later than 60 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall appoint the additional members of the working 
                group required under subparagraphs (D) through (G) of 
                paragraph (3) of such section, as added by subparagraph 
                (A).
            (2) Responsibilities of members.--In paragraph (4), by 
        inserting ``, or developing capabilities for such purposes,'' 
        after ``coordinated initiatives''.
            (3) Meetings; reports.--By adding at the end the following 
        new paragraphs:

    ``(6) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The working group under paragraph (1) 
shall meet not less frequently than quarterly.

    ``(7)(A) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Not later than February 1 of each year, 
the working group under paragraph (1) shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that contains a description of the 
following:
            ``(i) The topics addressed in the meetings of the working 
        group during the preceding year.
            ``(ii) <<NOTE: Priorities. Time period.>>  The priorities of 
        the working group for the following year (including with respect 
        to any shortfalls in personnel, equipment, infrastructure, 
        energy and storage, or capabilities) in support of the 
        operational plans of the Department of Defense.
            ``(iii) Any steps taken by the working group, as of the date 
        of the submission, to address any identified shortfalls in 
        budget or capabilities.

    ``(B) Each report under subparagraph (A) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 225]]

SEC. 344. MATTERS RELATING TO BRIEFINGS ON SHIPYARD INFRASTRUCTURE 
                        OPTIMIZATION PROGRAM OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Modification to Briefing Requirement.--Section 355(b)(2) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-
81; 10 U.S.C. 8013 note) is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Risk analysis.>>  A risk analysis of 
                how the schedule for such project affects the 
                availability schedule for submarines and aircraft 
                carriers, including the following:
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  A timeline for the 
                      completion of such project, including construction 
                      dates and dates of planned maintenance at each 
                      shipyard under such project.
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Plans. Determination.>>  
                      Contingency maintenance plans if such project is 
                      delayed, including any backup location for 
                      maintenance availabilities determined by the Chief 
                      Naval Officer and any resulting alteration in 
                      plans or schedules for maintenance.
                          ``(iii) The effect on public shipyards should 
                      a delay to such project result in the 
                      implementation of a contingency plan pursuant to 
                      clause (ii), including the effect on the workforce 
                      and workload capacity at the public shipyard with 
                      respect to which such project is conducted.
                          ``(iv) <<NOTE: Cost-benefit analysis.>>  A 
                      cost-benefit analysis of the potential for private 
                      shipyards to assist with such workload should such 
                      project be delayed, including an identification of 
                      any gaps in the capability of private shipyards to 
                      conduct the maintenance described in clause (ii).
                          ``(v) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of 
                      whether greater flexibilities in authorities are 
                      necessary to better support fleet maintenance 
                      needs and the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization 
                      Program.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing on Implementation Status.--Not 
later than October 1, 2024, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to 
the congressional defense committees a briefing on the status of the 
implementation of the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Program of 
the Department of the Navy. Such briefing shall include, with respect to 
each covered project, the information specified in each of subparagraphs 
(A) through (D) of section 355(b)(2) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022, as amended by subsection (a).
SEC. 345. FOREIGN MILITARY SALES EXCLUSION IN CALCULATION FOR 
                        CERTAIN WORKLOAD CARRYOVER OF DEPARTMENT 
                        OF THE ARMY.

    Section 377 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2542; 10 U.S.C. 
2476 note) is amended by striking ``that applies'' and all that follows 
through the closing period and inserting ``that--''
            ``(1) applies a material end of period exclusion; and
            ``(2) excludes from the calculated carryover amount the 
        proceeds of any foreign military sale.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 226]]

SEC. 346. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                        OPTIMIZATION OF AERIAL REFUELING AND FUEL 
                        MANAGEMENT IN CONTESTED LOGISTICS 
                        ENVIRONMENTS THROUGH USE OF ARTIFICIAL 
                        INTELLIGENCE.

    (a) Design of Pilot Program.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Design.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief Digital 
        and Artificial Intelligence Officer of the Department of 
        Defense, in collaboration with the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chief of Staff of the 
        Air Force, shall design a pilot program to optimize the 
        logistics of aerial refueling and fuel management in the context 
        of contested logistics environments through the use of advanced 
        digital technologies and artificial intelligence (in this 
        section referred to as the ``pilot program'').
            (2) Coordination and consultation.--In designing the pilot 
        program, the Chief Digital and Artificial Intelligence Officer 
        shall--
                    (A) coordinate with the Commander of the United 
                States Transportation Command and the Commander of the 
                United States Indo-Pacific Command regarding the 
                activities to be carried out under the pilot program, to 
                ensure the pilot program will align with existing 
                operational requirements; and
                    (B) seek to consult with relevant experts in the 
                fields of artificial intelligence, logistics, aviation, 
                and fuel management.

    (b) Objectives.--The objectives of the pilot program shall include 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Assessing the feasibility and 
        effectiveness of artificial intelligence-driven approaches in 
        enhancing aerial refueling operations and fuel management 
        processes compared to existing mission planning processes 
        executed by members of the Air Force with relevant training.
            (2) Identifying opportunities to reduce fuel consumption, 
        decrease operational costs, and minimize the environmental 
        impact of fuel management while maintaining military readiness.
            (3) <<NOTE: Evaluations.>>  Evaluating the interoperability 
        and compatibility of artificial intelligence-enabled systems 
        with the existing logistics infrastructure of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (4) Enhancing situational awareness and decision-making 
        capabilities through real-time data analysis and predictive 
        modeling.
            (5) Addressing potential challenges and risks associated 
        with the integration of artificial intelligence and other 
        advanced digital technologies, including challenges and risks 
        involving cybersecurity concerns.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Commencement.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief Digital and 
Artificial Intelligence Officer, in collaboration with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force, shall commence the pilot program.

    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Chief Digital and Artificial Intelligence Officer shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report on--

[[Page 137 STAT. 227]]

            (1) the design of the pilot program under subsection (a);
            (2) the status of any efforts underway to commence the pilot 
        program under subsection (c); and
            (3) any planned future activities to be carried out under 
        the pilot program to test expected outcomes regarding improved 
        efficiencies or other benefits that may be derived from 
        artificial intelligence-driven approaches to aerial refueling 
        operations and fuel management.

    (e) Termination.--The authority to conduct the pilot program under 
this section shall terminate on January 1, 2027.
SEC. 347. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS TO EXPAND LEASED 
                        FACILITIES FOR JOINT MILITARY INFORMATION 
                        SUPPORT OPERATIONS WEB OPERATIONS CENTER.

    None <<NOTE: Study.>>  of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2024 for Operation 
and Maintenance, Defense-wide, may be obligated or expended to expand 
leased facilities for the Joint Military Information Support Operations 
Web Operations Center until the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
congressional defense committees a validated manpower study for such 
center that includes the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Estimates.>>  Validated estimates of the number 
        of personnel from the United States Special Operations Command 
        and the other combatant commands that will be housed in leased 
        facilities of such center.
            (2) An explanation of how such estimates are aligned with 
        and support the priorities established by the national defense 
        strategy under 113(g) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 348. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING SUBMISSION 
                        OF CERTAIN 30-YEAR SHIPBUILDING PLAN BY 
                        THE SECRETARY OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall include with the 
defense budget materials for fiscal year 2025 (as submitted to Congress 
in support of the budget of the President under section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code) a 30-year shipbuilding plan that meets the 
statutory requirement to maintain 31 amphibious warships as found in 
section 8062(b) of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Limitation.--If the Secretary of the Navy does not submit to the 
congressional defense committees a 30-year shipbuilding plan as 
described in subsection (a), not more than 50 percent of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for fiscal year 2024 for Administration and Servicewide Activities, 
Operation and Maintenance, Navy, may be obligated or expended until the 
date on which the Secretary of the Navy submits to the congressional 
defense committees a 30-year shipbuilding plan as described in such 
subsection.
    (c) Amphibious Warship Defined.--In this section, the term 
``amphibious warship'' means a ship that is classified as an amphibious 
assault ship (general purpose) (LHA), an amphibious assault ship (multi-
purpose) (LHD), an amphibious transport dock (LPD), or a dock landing 
ship (LSD) that is included in the Battle Force Inventory in accordance 
with instruction 5030.8D of the Secretary of the Navy, or a successor 
instruction.

[[Page 137 STAT. 228]]

SEC. 349. <<NOTE: Deadlines. Time periods. 10 USC 2229 note.>>  
                        PLAN REGARDING CONDITION AND MAINTENANCE 
                        OF PREPOSITIONED STOCKPILES OF THE ARMY.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall develop a plan to 
improve the required inspection procedures for the prepositioned 
stockpiles of the Army, for the purpose of identifying deficiencies and 
conducting maintenance repairs at levels necessary to ensure such 
prepositioned stockpiles are mission-capable.
    (b) Implementation.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
the Secretary completes the development of the plan under subsection 
(a), and not less frequently than twice each year thereafter for the 
three-year period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary shall inspect the prepositioned stockpiles of the Army in 
accordance with the procedures under such plan.
    (c) Briefings.--
            (1) Briefing on plan.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army 
        shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing 
        on the plan developed under subsection (a).
            (2) Briefings on status of prepositioned stockpiles.--Not 
        later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        and every 180 days thereafter for the three-year period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of the Army shall provide to the congressional defense 
        committees a briefing on the status and condition of the 
        prepositioned stockpiles of the Army.
SEC. 350. STRATEGY AND ASSESSMENT ON USE OF AUTOMATION AND 
                        ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE FOR SHIPYARD 
                        OPTIMIZATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  Strategy.--The Secretary of the 
Navy, in coordination with the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization 
Program of the Department of the Navy, shall develop and implement a 
strategy to leverage commercial best practices used in shipyards to 
improve the efficiency of operations and to demonstrate a digital 
platform that uses artificial intelligence to analyze data on the 
maintenance and condition of shipboard assets of the Navy at shipyards, 
for the purpose of improving the readiness of the Armed Forces, 
predicting and diagnosing issues prior to the occurrence of such issues, 
and lowering maintenance costs.

    (b) Assessment.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct an 
assessment of the costs of maintenance delays on shipboard assets of the 
Navy and the potential cost savings of adopting artificial intelligence 
predictive maintenance technologies to assist in the determination of 
the condition of in-service equipment and estimate when maintenance 
should be performed prior to failure or end of life of such equipment. 
Such assessment shall include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of maintenance delays 
        and costs due to unplanned and unpredicted maintenance issues;
            (2) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  an evaluation of opportunities to 
        demonstrate commercial best practices at shipyards, including 
        the demonstration of artificial intelligence technologies to 
        ensure timely predictions for individuals responsible for 
        maintenance and planning at shipyards by connecting datasets, 
        executing models, and providing outputs in near real-time;

[[Page 137 STAT. 229]]

            (3) an identification of shipyard assets of the Navy with 
        sufficient data available to enable near-term demonstrations of 
        artificial intelligence predictive maintenance technologies, and 
        an estimate of resources needed within the Navy to accelerate 
        such demonstrations with respect to such assets; and
            (4) an identification of any policy or technical challenges 
        to implementing artificial intelligence or machine learning for 
        purposes of carrying out the Shipyard Infrastructure 
        Optimization Program of the Department of the Navy.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on--
            (1) the strategy under subsection (a);
            (2) the results of the assessment under subsection (b); and
            (3) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  a plan to execute any measures pursuant 
        to such assessment.
SEC. 351. ASSESSMENT AND STRATEGY RELATING TO HARDENING OF CERTAIN 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATIONS AGAINST ATTACK BY 
                        IRAN AND IRANIAN-ASSOCIATED GROUPS.

    (a) Assessment and Strategy.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Commander of the United States Central Command, 
shall--
            (1) conduct an assessment of the air and missile defense 
        capabilities at covered military installations with respect to 
        defense against potential attacks from Iran, the Islamic 
        Revolutionary Guard Corps, and any associated groups; and
            (2) taking into account the results of such assessment, 
        develop a strategy to expedite the hardening of covered military 
        installations and the upgrade of air and missile defense 
        capabilities at such installations to improve defense against 
        such potential attacks.

    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report containing the results 
        of the assessment under subsection (a)(1) and the strategy 
        developed under subsection (a)(2).
            (2) Update.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which 
        the Secretary submits the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report containing a description of any update made to such 
        assessment or progress made in implementing such strategy.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered military installation'' means a 
        military installation located in the area of responsibility of 
        the United States Central Command.
            (2) The term ``military installation'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 2801 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 352. SEMIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON OPERATIONAL STATUS OF AMPHIBIOUS 
                        WARSHIP FLEET.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Termination date.>>  In General.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and on a 
semiannual basis thereafter until September 30, 2026, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall provide

[[Page 137 STAT. 230]]

to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the operational 
status of the amphibious warship fleet of the Department of the Navy.

    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to each amphibious warship within such fleet, the following 
information:
            (1) The average quarterly operational availability of the 
        amphibious warship.
            (2) The number of days the amphibious warship was underway 
        during the period covered by the briefing as follows:
                    (A) Training for the purpose of supporting the 
                requirements set forth in the training and readiness 
                manual of the Marine Corps, including unit level well-
                deck training, flight-deck operations training, and 
                Amphibious Ready Group and Marine Expeditionary Unit 
                integrated training.
                    (B) Deployed, which shall not include scheduled or 
                unscheduled in-port maintenance.
            (3) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  A baseline and current estimate of 
        the completion date for in-work and scheduled and unscheduled 
        maintenance for the amphibious warship.
            (4) <<NOTE: Update.>>  An update on any delays in the 
        completion of scheduled or unscheduled maintenance, and on any 
        casualty reports, of the amphibious warship affecting the 
        following:
                    (A) Scheduled unit level well-deck or flight-deck 
                operations training of the Marine Corps.
                    (B) Requirements set forth in the training and 
                readiness manual of the Marine Corps, including with 
                respect to mobility, communications, amphibious well-
                deck operations, aviation operations, and warfare 
                training.
                    (C) The composition and deployment dates of 
                Amphibious Ready Groups and Marine Expeditionary Units 
                that are deployed or scheduled to be deployed.
            (5) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan to schedule maintenance and 
        repair for the amphibious warship in a manner that provides for 
        the continuous operation of a total of three Amphibious Ready 
        Groups and Marine Expeditionary Units as soon as practicable.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``amphibious warship'' means a ship that is 
        classified as an amphibious assault ship (general purpose), an 
        amphibious assault ship (multi-purpose), an amphibious transport 
        dock, or a dock landing ship and is included within the battle 
        force inventory of the Department of the Navy in accordance with 
        the instruction from the Secretary of the Navy published on June 
        28, 2022, titled ``General Guidance for the Classification of 
        Naval Vessels and Battle Force Ship Counting Procedures'' 
        (SECNAVINST 5030.8), or any successor instruction.
            (2) The terms ``Amphibious Ready Group'' and ``Marine 
        Expeditionary Unit'' mean a group or unit, as the case may be, 
        that consists of a minimum of three amphibious warships, 
        comprised of at least--
                    (A) one amphibious assault ship (general purpose) or 
                amphibious assault ship (multi-purpose); and
                    (B) one amphibious transport dock.

[[Page 137 STAT. 231]]

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 361. REVIEW OF NOTICE OF PRESUMED RISK ISSUED BY MILITARY 
                        AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE 
                        CLEARINGHOUSE.

    Section <<NOTE: Time period.>>  183a(c)(3) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``The Clearinghouse shall ensure 
that a governor has at least 30 days after the date on which the 
governor receives the notice of presumed risk to provide any such 
comments and shall provide detailed information and other information 
necessary to ensure that the governor can fully understand the nature of 
the presumed risk.'' after the first sentence.
SEC. 362. MODIFICATIONS TO MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION 
                        ASSURANCE CLEARINGHOUSE FOR REVIEW OF 
                        MISSION OBSTRUCTIONS.

    (a) Projects Proposed Within Two Nautical Miles of Any Active 
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Launch Facility or Control Center.--
Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or any 
                active intercontinental ballistic missile launch 
                facility or control center'' after ``military training 
                routes''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``or a Deputy 
                Under Secretary of Defense'' and inserting ``a Deputy 
                Under Secretary of Defense, or, in the case of a 
                geographic area of concern related to an active 
                intercontinental ballistic missile launch facility or 
                control center, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
                Energy, Installations, and Environment''; and
            (2) in subsection (e)(1)--
                    (A) in the first sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``The Secretary'' and 
                      inserting ``(A) The Secretary''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or antenna structure 
                      project'' after ``energy project'';
                    (B) in the second sentence, by striking ``The 
                Secretary of Defense's finding of unacceptable risk to 
                national security'' and inserting the following new 
                subparagraph:

    ``(C) Any finding of unacceptable risk to national security by the 
Secretary of Defense under this paragraph''; and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (A), as 
                designated by subparagraph (A)(i) of this paragraph, the 
                following new subparagraph:

    ``(B)(i) In the case of any energy project or antenna structure 
project with proposed structures more than 200 feet above ground level 
located within two nautical miles of the geographic center of an active 
intercontinental ballistic missile launch facility or control center, 
the Secretary of Defense shall issue a finding of unacceptable risk to 
national security for such project if the mitigation actions identified 
pursuant to this section do not include removal of all such proposed 
structures from such project after receiving notice of presumed risk 
from the Clearinghouse under subsection (c)(2).

[[Page 137 STAT. 232]]

    ``(ii) Clause (i) does not apply to structures approved before the 
date of the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2024 or to structures that are re-powered with updated 
technology in the same location as previously approved structures.''.
    (b) Inclusion of Antenna Structure Projects.--
            (1) In general.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by inserting ``or antenna structure projects'' 
                after ``energy projects'' each place it appears; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or antenna structure project'' 
                after ``energy project'' each place it appears (except 
                for subsections (e)(1) and (h)(2)).
            (2) Antenna structure project and intercontinental ballistic 
        missile launch facility or control center defined.--Section 
        183a(h) of such title is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (2) through (9) as 
                paragraphs (4) through (11), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(2) The term `antenna structure project'--
                    ``(A) means a project to construct a structure 
                located within two nautical miles of the geographic 
                center of any intercontinental ballistic missile launch 
                facility or control center that--
                          ``(i) is constructed or used to transmit radio 
                      energy or that is constructed or used for the 
                      primary purpose of supporting antennas to transmit 
                      or receive radio energy (or both), and any 
                      antennas and other appurtenances mounted on the 
                      structure, from the time construction of the 
                      supporting structure begins until such time as the 
                      supporting structure is dismantled; and
                          ``(ii) for which notification is required to 
                      be made to the Federal Aviation Administration 
                      pursuant to processes already established under 
                      this title; and
                    ``(B) does not include--
                          ``(i) any structure constructed before the 
                      date of the enactment of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024, including 
                      any such structure which is upgraded, repaired, or 
                      otherwise modified after such date of enactment as 
                      long as such upgrade, repair, or modification has 
                      not increased the height of such structure; or
                          ``(ii) any project in support of or required 
                      by an intercontinental ballistic missile launch 
                      facility or control center, or any other such 
                      project that has been approved by the Secretary of 
                      Defense or the Secretary of Defense's designee for 
                      use on the same military installation at which 
                      such facility or control center is located.
            ``(3) The term `intercontinental ballistic missile launch 
        facility or control center' means such facilities or control 
        centers located at the Francis E. Warren Air Force Base; the 
        Malmstrom Air Force Base, and the Minot Air Force Base, and 
        their respective missile fields.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 233]]

SEC. 363. MODIFICATION TO JOINT SAFETY COUNCIL.

    Title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 171.>>  by redesignating the second 
        section 184 (relating to the Joint Safety Council) as section 
        185;
            (2) in section 185(d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (9) as 
                paragraphs (8) through (10), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following 
                new paragraph (7):
            ``(7) Ensuring each military department has in place, for 
        the safety management system and program described in paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively, of that military department--
                    ``(A) a resolution plan that identifies specific 
                corrective and preventative actions to address the 
                causes of mishaps; and
                    ``(B) an implementation plan for such system and 
                program.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (8), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``the safety management 
                systems described in paragraphs (9) and (10)'' and 
                inserting ``the safety management system and program 
                described in paragraphs (5) and (6), respectively''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
            ``(11) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Not later than one year after 
        the initial identification of corrective and preventative 
        actions by a military department pursuant to a resolution plan 
        under paragraph (7)(A), and periodically thereafter, reviewing 
        and validating each such identified corrective and preventative 
        action to ensure the action is effective.
            ``(12) Ensuring any related change in methods, tactics, or 
        procedures necessary for the conduct of such identified 
        corrective and preventative actions have been implemented.''.
SEC. 364. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  DESIGNATION OF OFFICIAL 
                        RESPONSIBLE FOR COORDINATION OF 
                        RENEGOTIATION OF CERTAIN LAND LEASES OWNED 
                        BY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN HAWAII.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall designate an 
official to be responsible for, in coordination with appropriate 
officials from the military departments (as such term is defined in 
section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code) and the United States 
Indo-Pacific Command--
            (1) coordinating Department of Defense-wide efforts relating 
        to the renegotiation of land leases owned by the Department of 
        Defense in the State of Hawaii expiring between 2029 and 2031;
            (2) representing the Department of Defense during any such 
        renegotiation; and
            (3) ensuring clear and consistent communication to such 
        State, State and local elected officials, and the public 
        regarding the needs and priorities of the Department of Defense 
        with respect to joint land use in such State.

    (b) Selection.--In making the designation under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense may appoint an individual with a significant 
background and expertise in--
            (1) relevant legal and technical aspects of land lease 
        issues; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 234]]

            (2) working with State and local elected officials and the 
        public in such State.

    (c) Notification.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense makes the designation under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees and the 
Governor of Hawaii a notification that includes the name and contact 
information of the individual so designated.
SEC. 365. CONTINUED DESIGNATION OF SECRETARY OF THE NAVY AS 
                        EXECUTIVE AGENT FOR NAVAL SMALL CRAFT 
                        INSTRUCTION AND TECHNICAL TRAINING SCHOOL.

     The Secretary of the Navy shall continue, through fiscal year 
2024--
            (1) to perform the responsibilities of the Department of 
        Defense executive agent for the Naval Small Craft Instruction 
        and Technical Training School pursuant to section 352(b) of 
        title 10, United States Code; and
            (2) in coordination with the Commander of the United States 
        Special Operations Command, to provide such support, including 
        resourcing and manpower, as may be necessary for the continued 
        operation of such school.
SEC. 366. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7721 note.>>  ESTABLISHMENT OF CAISSON 
                        PLATOON AND SUPPORT FOR MILITARY AND STATE 
                        FUNERAL SERVICES AT ARLINGTON NATIONAL 
                        CEMETERY.

    (a) Establishment.--There is established in the Department of the 
Army an equine unit, to be known as the ``Caisson Platoon'', assigned to 
the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Army. The duties of such unit shall 
include the provision of support for military and State funerals.
    (b) Prohibitions on Elimination.--The Secretary of the Army may not 
eliminate the Caisson Platoon of the 3rd Infantry Regiment of the Army 
established under subsection (a).
    (c) Briefings.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time periods. Termination date.>>  
        Provision to congress.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, and not less frequently than every 
        180 days thereafter until March 31, 2027, the Secretary of the 
        Army shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the health, welfare, and sustainment of military 
        working equids.
            (2) <<NOTE: Updates.>>  Elements.--Each briefing under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                ability of the Caisson Platoon of the 3rd Infantry 
                Regiment of the Army to support military funeral 
                operations within Arlington National Cemetery, including 
                milestones associated with achieving full operational 
                capability for such Caisson Platoon.
                    (B) An update on the plan of the task force known as 
                the ``Task Force-Military Working Equids'' established 
                by the Office of the Surgeon General, as directed by the 
                Director of the Army Staff, in May 2022 (or any 
                successor task force), to promote, support, and sustain 
                animal health and welfare.
                    (C) An update on the plan of such task force to 
                ensure the Caisson Platoon of the 3rd Infantry Regiment 
                of the Army has the ability to continuously support 
                military and State funeral operations within Arlington 
                National Cemetery.

[[Page 137 STAT. 235]]

SEC. 367. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4811 note.>>  RECOVERY OF RARE EARTH 
                        ELEMENTS AND OTHER STRATEGIC AND CRITICAL 
                        MATERIALS THROUGH END-OF-LIFE EQUIPMENT 
                        RECYCLING.

    The <<NOTE: Policies. Procedures.>>  Secretary of Defense shall 
issue policies and establish procedures to--
            (1) identify end-of-life equipment of the Department of 
        Defense that contains rare earth elements and other materials 
        determined pursuant to section 3(a) of the Strategic and 
        Critical Materials Stock Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98b(a)) to be 
        strategic and critical materials; and
            (2) recover such materials from such equipment for the 
        purposes of reuse by the Department of Defense.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. End strength level matters.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
           Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2024, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 445,000.
            (2) The Navy, 337,800.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 172,300.
            (4) The Air Force, 320,000.
            (5) The Space Force, 9,400.
SEC. 402. END STRENGTH LEVEL MATTERS.

    Section 115 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (f)(2), by striking ``not more than 2 
        percent'' and inserting ``not more than 3 percent''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)(1), by striking subparagraphs (A) and 
        (B) and inserting the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(A) vary the end strength pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(A) 
        for a fiscal year for the armed force or forces under the 
        jurisdiction of that Secretary by a number not equal to more 
        than 2 percent of such authorized end strength;
            ``(B) vary the end strength pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(B) 
        for a fiscal year for the armed force or forces under the 
        jurisdiction of that Secretary by a number not equal to more 
        than 2 percent of such authorized end strength; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 236]]

            ``(C) vary the end strength pursuant to subsection (a)(2) 
        for a fiscal year for the Selected Reserve of the reserve 
        component of the armed force or forces under the jurisdiction of 
        that Secretary by a number equal to not more than 2 percent of 
        such authorized end strength.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
2024, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 325,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 174,800.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 57,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 32,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 105,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 69,600.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.

    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
        unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent 
        at the end of the fiscal year.

    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members of 
the Selected Reserve for any reserve component are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal 
year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
                        THE RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 2024, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,845.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,327.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,355.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 6,003.

[[Page 137 STAT. 237]]

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2024 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 7,990.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 10,994.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 6,882.
SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2024, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time on 
full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2024 for the use of the Armed Forces and 
other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, 
not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal year 
2024.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                       Subtitle A--Officer Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strength: general and flag officers on active duty.
Sec. 502. Extension of active duty term for Attending Physician at 
           United States Capitol.
Sec. 503. Updating authority to authorize promotion transfers between 
           components of the same Armed Force or a different Armed 
           Force.
Sec. 504. Flexibility in determining terms of appointment for certain 
           senior officer positions.
Sec. 505. Realignment of Navy spot-promotion quotas.
Sec. 506. Authority to increase the number of medical and dental 
           officers recommended for promotion to certain grades.
Sec. 507. Prohibition on appointment or nomination of certain officers 
           who are subject to special selection review boards.
Sec. 508. Effect of failure of selection for promotion.
Sec. 509. Improvements relating to service obligation for Marine Corps 
           cyberspace operations officers.

[[Page 137 STAT. 238]]

Sec. 509A. Time in grade requirements.
Sec. 509B. Establishment of Legislative Liaison of the Space Force.
Sec. 509C. Extension of authority to vary number of Space Force officers 
           considered for promotion to major general.
Sec. 509D. Briefing on number of general officers of the Space Force on 
           active duty.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Removal of active duty prohibition for members of the Air 
           Force Reserve Policy Committee.
Sec. 512. Grade of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 513. Mobilization of Selected Reserve for preplanned missions in 
           support of the combatant commands.
Sec. 514. Alternative promotion authority for reserve officers in 
           designated competitive categories.
Sec. 515. Authorization for FireGuard Program.
Sec. 516. Designation of at least one general officer of the Marine 
           Corps Reserve as a joint qualified officer.

        Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Prohibitions

Sec. 521. Permanent authority to order retired members to active duty in 
           high-demand, low-density appointments.
Sec. 522. Prohibition on policy of the Department of Defense regarding 
           identification of gender or personal pronouns in official 
           correspondence.
Sec. 523. Prohibition on former members of the Armed Forces accepting 
           post-service employment with certain foreign governments.
Sec. 524. Verification of the financial independence of financial 
           services counselors in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 525. Modification of requirements for approval of foreign 
           employment by retired and reserve members of uniformed 
           services.
Sec. 526. Consideration of reinstatement of a member of the Armed Forces 
           involuntarily separated on the basis of refusal to receive a 
           vaccination against COVID-19.
Sec. 527. Reviews of characterization of administrative discharges of 
           certain members on the basis of failure to receive COVID-19 
           vaccine.
Sec. 528. Certain members discharged or dismissed on the sole basis of 
           failure to obey a lawful order to receive a vaccine for 
           COVID-19: communication strategy regarding reinstatement 
           process.
Sec. 529. Continuing military service for certain members eligible for 
           chapter 61 retirement.
Sec. 529A. Threat-based security services and equipment for certain 
           former or retired Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 529B. Limitation on establishment of new diversity, equity, and 
           inclusion positions; hiring freeze.
Sec. 529C. Requirement to base military accessions and promotions on 
           merit and performance.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 531. Technical and conforming amendments to the Uniform Code of 
           Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Establishment of staggered terms for members of the Military 
           Justice Review Panel.
Sec. 533. Supreme Court review of certain actions of the United States 
           Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.
Sec. 534. Additional requirements for initiative to enhance the 
           capability of military criminal investigative organizations 
           to prevent and combat child sexual exploitation.
Sec. 535. Limitation on availability of funds for relocation of Army CID 
           special agent training course.
Sec. 536. Study on requirement for unanimous votes for findings in 
           general and special courts-martial and related milestones for 
           implementation.
Sec. 537. Study on removal of Sexual Assault Victim Advocates from the 
           chain of command of victims.

             Subtitle E--Accession Standards and Recruitment

Sec. 541. Increased access to potential recruits at secondary schools.
Sec. 542. Modification of limitation on enlistment and induction of 
           persons whose score on the Armed Forces Qualification Test is 
           below a prescribed level.
Sec. 543. Increased access to potential recruits at institutions of 
           higher education.
Sec. 544. Increase in accession bonus for nurse officer candidates.
Sec. 545. Improvements to medical standards for accession to certain 
           Armed Forces.

[[Page 137 STAT. 239]]

Sec. 546. Future servicemember preparatory course.
Sec. 547. Pilot program on cardiac screenings for military accessions.
Sec. 548. Community college Enlisted Training Corps demonstration 
           program.
Sec. 549. Annual briefings on military recruitment practices in public 
           secondary schools and community colleges.

           Subtitle F--Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps

Sec. 551. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 552. Requirement for memoranda of understanding addressing certain 
           matters pertaining to units of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
           Training Corps.
Sec. 553. Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps administrator and 
           instructor compensation.
Sec. 554. Prohibition of establishment or maintenance of a unit of the 
           Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at an educational 
           institution owned, operated, or controlled by the Chinese 
           Communist Party.
Sec. 555. Enforcement of program requirements for the Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 556. Annual report on allegations of sexual misconduct in Junior 
           Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs.

                      Subtitle G--Member Education

Sec. 561. Service Academies: numbers of nominations by Members of 
           Congress and appointments by the Secretaries of the military 
           departments.
Sec. 562. Increase in the number of nominees from Guam to the Service 
           Academies.
Sec. 563. Consideration of standardized test scores in military service 
           academy application process.
Sec. 564. Service Academy professional sports pathway report and 
           legislative proposal required.
Sec. 565. Briefing on inclusion of advanced research programs at certain 
           institutions of professional military education.

               Subtitle H--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 571. Amendments to pathways for counseling in the Transition 
           Assistance Program.
Sec. 572. Skillbridge: staffing; budgeting; outreach; report.
Sec. 573. Extension of Troops-to-Teachers program to the Job Corps.
Sec. 574. Troops-to-Teachers Program: expansion; extension.
Sec. 575. Language training centers for members of the Armed Forces and 
           civilian employees of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 576. Prohibition on use of Federal funds to endorse critical race 
           theory.
Sec. 577. Increased fitness standards for Army close combat force 
           military occupational specialties.
Sec. 578. Publication of training materials of the Defense Equal 
           Opportunity Management Institute.
Sec. 579. Prohibition on Federal funds for the Department of Defense 
           Countering Extremism Work Group.

    Subtitle I--Family Programs, Child Care, and Dependent Education

Sec. 581. Non-medical counseling services for military families.
Sec. 582. Increase in the target funding level for military child care.
Sec. 583. Modifications to assistance to local educational agencies that 
           benefit dependents of members of the Armed Forces with 
           enrollment changes due to base closures, force structure 
           changes, or force relocations.
Sec. 584. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
           dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 585. Outreach campaign relating to waiting lists for military child 
           development centers; annual briefing.
Sec. 586. Briefings on pilot program on hiring of special needs 
           inclusion coordinators for Department of Defense child 
           development centers.
Sec. 587. Briefings on implementation of universal pre-kindergarten 
           programs in schools operated by the Department of Defense 
           Education Activity.
Sec. 588. Report on mental health and wellness support for students 
           enrolled in schools operated by the Department of Defense 
           Education Activity.
Sec. 589. Rights of parents of children attending schools operated by 
           the Department of Defense Education Activity.

Subtitle J--Decorations and Awards and Other Personnel Matters, Reports, 
                              and Briefings

Sec. 591. Armed Forces workplace surveys.
Sec. 592. Due date for report on efforts to prevent and respond to 
           deaths by suicide in the Navy.

[[Page 137 STAT. 240]]

Sec. 593. Extension of deadline for review of World War I valor medals.
Sec. 594. Digital ambassador program of the Navy: cessation; report; 
           restart.

                       Subtitle A--Officer Policy

SEC. 501. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH: GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE 
                        DUTY.

    (a) Repeal of Obsolete Authority; Redesignation.--Chapter 32 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 521.>> by repealing section 526;
            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 521.>>  by redesignating section 
        526a as section 526;
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 521.>>  in the table of sections 
        for such chapter, by striking the item relating to section 526a; 
        and
            (4) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 521.>>  in the section heading for 
        section 526, as redesignated by paragraph (2), by striking 
        ``after December 31, 2022''.

    (b) Increased Authorized Strength.--Section 526 of title 10, United 
States Code, as redesignated and amended by subsection (a), is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``after December 31, 2022,'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``218'' and 
                inserting ``219'';
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``149'' and 
                inserting ``150'';
                    (D) in paragraph (3), by striking ``170'' and 
                inserting ``171''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (4), by striking ``62'' and 
                inserting ``64''; and
            (2) by redesignating the second subsection designated as 
        subsection (i) as subsection (j).

    (c) Repeal of Exclusion of Officers Serving as Lead Special Trial 
Counsel From Limitations on Authorized Strengths.--Section 506 of the 
James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2023 <<NOTE: 10 USC 526a note.>>  is hereby repealed.
SEC. 502. <<NOTE: 2 USC note prec. 4121.>>  EXTENSION OF ACTIVE 
                        DUTY TERM FOR ATTENDING PHYSICIAN AT 
                        UNITED STATES CAPITOL.

    The present incumbent Attending Physician at the United States 
Capitol shall be continued on active duty until six years after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 503. UPDATING AUTHORITY TO AUTHORIZE PROMOTION TRANSFERS 
                        BETWEEN COMPONENTS OF THE SAME ARMED FORCE 
                        OR A DIFFERENT ARMED FORCE.

    (a) Warrant Officers Transferred Between Components Within the Same 
or a Different Armed Force.--Section 578 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Notwithstanding subsection (d), and subject to regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, in the case of a warrant officer 
who is selected for promotion by a selection board convened under this 
chapter, and prior to the placement of the warrant officer's name on the 
applicable promotion list is approved for transfer to a new component 
within the same or a different armed force, the Secretary concerned may 
place the warrant officer's name on a corresponding promotion list of 
the new component without regard to the warrant officer's competitive 
category. A warrant

[[Page 137 STAT. 241]]

officer's promotion under this subsection shall be made pursuant to 
section 12242 of this title.''.
    (b) Officers Transferred to Reserve Active-status List.--
            (1) In general.--Section 624 of such title is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(e) Notwithstanding subsection (a)(2), in the case of an officer 
who is selected for promotion by a selection board convened under this 
chapter, and prior to the placement of the officer's name on the 
applicable promotion list is approved for transfer to the reserve 
active-status list of the same or a different armed force, the Secretary 
concerned may place the officer's name on a corresponding promotion list 
on the reserve active-status list without regard to the officer's 
competitive category. An officer's promotion under this subsection shall 
be made pursuant to section 14308 of this title.
    ``(f) Notwithstanding subsection (a)(3), in the case of an officer 
who is placed on an all-fully-qualified-officers list, and is 
subsequently approved for transfer to the reserve active-status list, 
the Secretary concerned may place the officer's name on an appropriate 
all-fully-qualified-officers list on the reserve active-status list. An 
officer's promotion under this subsection shall be made pursuant to 
section 14308 of this title.''.
            (2) Date of rank.--Section 14308(c) of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph:

    ``(3) The Secretary concerned may adjust the date of rank of an 
officer whose name is placed on a reserve active-status promotion list 
pursuant to subsection (e) or (f) of section 624 of this title.''.
SEC. 504. FLEXIBILITY IN DETERMINING TERMS OF APPOINTMENT FOR 
                        CERTAIN SENIOR OFFICER POSITIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 35 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 601 the following new section:
``Sec. 602. <<NOTE: 10 USC 602.>>  Flexibility in determining 
                terms of appointment for certain senior officer 
                positions

    ``The <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Secretary of Defense may extend or 
reduce the duration of an appointment made under section 152, 154, 7033, 
8033, 8043, 9033, or 9082 of this title by up to six months if the 
Secretary determines that such an extension or reduction is necessary 
either in the interests of national defense, or to ensure an appropriate 
staggering of terms of senior military leadership.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 35 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 601.>>  
is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 601 the 
following new item:

``602. Flexibility in determining terms of appointment for certain 
           senior officer positions.''.

SEC. 505. REALIGNMENT OF NAVY SPOT-PROMOTION QUOTAS.

    Section 605(g)(4)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``325'' and inserting ``425''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 242]]

SEC. 506. AUTHORITY TO INCREASE THE NUMBER OF MEDICAL AND DENTAL 
                        OFFICERS RECOMMENDED FOR PROMOTION TO 
                        CERTAIN GRADES.

    Section 616(d) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``, except, the Secretary concerned may 
authorize a greater number of officers so recommended that is less than 
100 percent of the number of officers so included, for medical and 
dental officers recommended for promotion to major or lieutenant 
commander, if the Secretary concerned determines that such greater 
number is necessary to maintain or improve medical readiness'' before 
the period at the end.
SEC. 507. PROHIBITION ON APPOINTMENT OR NOMINATION OF CERTAIN 
                        OFFICERS WHO ARE SUBJECT TO SPECIAL 
                        SELECTION REVIEW BOARDS.

    (a) Officers on Active-duty List.--
            Section 628a(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended to read as follows:
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded for appointment or nomination 
        to the Secretary of Defense, the President, or the Senate, as 
        applicable.''.

    (b) Officers on Reserve Active-status List.--
            Section 14502a(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended to read as follows:
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded for appointment or nomination 
        to the Secretary of Defense, the President, or the Senate, as 
        applicable.''.
SEC. 508. EFFECT OF FAILURE OF SELECTION FOR PROMOTION.

    (a) Effect of Failure of Selection for Promotion: Captains and 
Majors of the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Space Force and 
Lieutenants and Lieutenant Commanders of the Navy.--
            (1) In general.--Section 632 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``and Marine 
                Corps'' and inserting ``Marine Corps, and Space Force'';
                    (B) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``President 
                approves the report of the board which considered him 
                for the second time'' and inserting ``Secretary 
                concerned releases the promotion results of the board 
                which considered the officer for the second time to the 
                public''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 36 of title 10, United States 
        Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 627.>>  is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 632 and inserting the following new 
        item:

``632. Effect of failure of selection for promotion: captains and majors 
           of the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Space Force and 
           lieutenants and lieutenant commanders of the Navy.''.

    (b) Retirement of Regular Officers of the Navy for Length of Service 
or Failure of Selection for Promotion.--Section 8372(a)(2)(A) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``President approves the 
report of the board which considered him for the second time'' and 
inserting ``Secretary concerned releases the promotion results of the 
board which considered the officer for the second time to the public''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 243]]

SEC. 509. IMPROVEMENTS RELATING TO SERVICE OBLIGATION FOR MARINE 
                        CORPS CYBERSPACE OPERATIONS OFFICERS.

    (a) Required Service.--Section 651(c) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or in the case of an 
        unrestricted officer designated within a cyberspace occupational 
        specialty'' before the period at the end; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``; or'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; or''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) in the case of an unrestricted officer designated 
        within a cyberspace occupational specialty, the period of 
        obligated service specified in the enlistment agreement of such 
        officer.''.

    (b) Minimum Service Requirement for Certain Cyberspace Occupational 
Specialties.--Chapter 37 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 
USC prec. 651.>>  is amended by inserting after section 653 the 
following new section:
``Sec. 654. <<NOTE: 10 USC 654.>>  Minimum service requirement for 
                certain cyberspace occupational specialties

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Cyberspace Operations Officer.--The 
minimum service obligation for any member who successfully completes 
training in the armed forces in direct accession to the cyberspace 
operations officer occupational specialty of the Marine Corps shall be 
eight years.

    ``(b) Service Obligation Defined.--In this section, the term 
`service obligation' means the period of active duty or, in the case of 
a member of a reserve component who completed cyberspace operations 
training in an active duty for training status as a member of a reserve 
component, the period of service in an active status in the Selected 
Reserve, required to be served after completion of cyberspace operations 
training.''.
SEC. 509A. TIME IN GRADE REQUIREMENTS.

    Section 1305 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(3), by inserting ``or a Marine Corps 
        Marine Gunner warrant officer in such grade,'' after ``chief 
        warrant officer, W-5,'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``when he'' and inserting 
        ``when the warrant officer''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``as he'' and inserting ``as the 
                Secretary concerned''; and
                    (B) by striking ``after he'' and inserting ``after 
                the warrant officer''.
SEC. 509B. ESTABLISHMENT OF LEGISLATIVE LIAISON OF THE SPACE 
                          FORCE.

    Chapter 903 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
9011.>>  is amended by inserting, after section 9023, the following new 
section:--
``Sec. 9023a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 9023a.>>  Legislative Liaison of the 
                    Space Force

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is a Legislative Liaison of the Space 
Force.

[[Page 137 STAT. 244]]

    ``(b) Functions.--The Legislative Liaison shall perform legislative 
affairs functions under the direction of the Chief of Space 
Operations.''.
SEC. 509C. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO VARY NUMBER OF SPACE FORCE 
                          OFFICERS CONSIDERED FOR PROMOTION TO 
                          MAJOR GENERAL.

    Subsection (b) <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  of section 503 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-
81; 135 Stat. 1680) is amended by striking ``shall terminate on December 
31, 2022'' and inserting ``shall terminate on December 31, 2024''.
SEC. 509D. BRIEFING ON NUMBER OF GENERAL OFFICERS OF THE SPACE 
                          FORCE ON ACTIVE DUTY.

    Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  later than March 1, 2024, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a briefing regarding the number of general 
officers of the Space Force on active duty. Such briefing shall include 
the following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  The evaluation of the Secretary 
        whether the current number of such general officers is 
        sufficient to meet the requirements of--
                    (A) the Space Force;
                    (B) joint duty assignments under chapter 38 of title 
                10, United States Code; and
                    (C) the combatant commands.
            (2) <<NOTE: Proposals.>>  Any proposal of the Secretary to 
        increase the maximum number (under section 526a of such title) 
        of such general officers in order to meet such requirements in 
        the future.
            (3) A justification for any such proposal.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. REMOVAL OF ACTIVE DUTY PROHIBITION FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                        AIR FORCE RESERVE POLICY COMMITTEE.

    Section 10305 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``not on active duty'' 
        both places it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of the reserve components'' after 
                ``among the members''; and
                    (B) by striking ``not on active duty''.
SEC. 512. GRADE OF VICE CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

    Section 10505 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Grade. <<NOTE: Appointment.>> --(1) The Vice Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau shall be appointed to serve in the grade of 
general.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Designation.>>  The Secretary of Defense shall 
designate, pursuant to subsection (b) of section 526 of this title, the 
position of Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau as one of the 
general officer and flag officer positions to be excluded from the 
limitations in subsection (a) of such section.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 245]]

SEC. 513. MOBILIZATION OF SELECTED RESERVE FOR PREPLANNED MISSIONS 
                        IN SUPPORT OF THE COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    Section 12304b(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
        (i) and (ii), respectively;
            (2) by striking ``Units'' and inserting ``(A) Except as 
        provided under subparagraph (B), units''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  In the event the President's budget 
        is delivered later than April 1st in the year prior to the year 
        of the mobilization of one or more units under this section, the 
        Secretary concerned may submit to Congress the information 
        required under subparagraph (A) in a separate notice.''.
SEC. 514. ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR RESERVE OFFICERS IN 
                        DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES.

    (a) In General.--Part III of subtitle E of title 10, United States 
Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 10001.>>  is amended by adding at the end the 
following new chapter:

  ``CHAPTER 1413 <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 15101.>> --ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION 
AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES

``Sec.
``15101. Officers in designated competitive categories.
``15102. Selection for promotion.
``15103. Eligibility for consideration for promotion.
``15104. Opportunities for consideration for promotion.
``15105. Promotions.
``15106. Failure of selection for promotion.
``15107. Retirement: retirement for years of service; selective early 
           retirement.
``15108. Continuation on the Reserve Active-Status List.
``15109. Other administrative authorities.
``15110. Regulations.

``Sec. 15101. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15101.>>  Officers in designated 
                    competitive categories

    ``(a) Authority to Designate Competitive Categories of Officers.--
Each Secretary of a military department may designate one or more 
competitive categories for promotion of officers under section 14005 of 
this title that are under the jurisdiction of such Secretary as a 
competitive category of officers whose promotion, retirement, and 
continuation on the reserve active-status list shall be subject to the 
provisions of this chapter.
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Time period. Reports.>>  Limitation on Exercise of 
Authority.--The Secretary of a military department may not designate a 
competitive category of officers for purposes of this chapter until 60 
days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the designation of the competitive category. <<NOTE: Estimates.>>  
The report on the designation of a competitive category shall set forth 
the following:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Requirements.>>  A detailed description of 
        officer requirements for officers within the competitive 
        category.
            ``(2) An explanation of the number of opportunities for 
        consideration for promotion to each particular grade, and an 
        estimate of promotion timing, within the competitive category.
            ``(3) An estimate of the size of the promotion zone for each 
        grade within the competitive category.

[[Page 137 STAT. 246]]

            ``(4) A description of any other matters the Secretary 
        considered in determining to designate the competitive category 
        for purposes of this chapter.
``Sec. 15102. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15102.>>  Selection for promotion

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, the selection 
for promotion of officers in any competitive category of officers 
designated for purposes of this chapter shall be governed by the 
provisions under chapter 1403 of this title.
    ``(b) No Recommendation for Promotion of Officers Below Promotion 
Zone.--Section 14301(d) of this title shall not apply to the selection 
for promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Recommendation for Officers to Be Excluded From Future 
Consideration for Promotion.--In making recommendations pursuant to 
chapter 1403 of this title for purposes of the administration of this 
chapter, a selection board convened under section 14101(a) of this title 
may recommend that an officer considered by the board be excluded from 
future consideration for promotion under this chapter.
``Sec. 15103. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15103.>>  Eligibility for 
                    consideration for promotion

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided by this section, eligibility 
for promotion of officers in any competitive category of officers 
designated for purposes of this chapter shall be governed by the 
provisions of sections 14301, 14303, and 14304 of this title.
    ``(b) Inapplicability of Certain Time-in-grade Requirements.--
Sections 14303 and 14304 of this title shall not apply to the promotion 
of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Inapplicability to Officers Above and Below Promotion Zone.--
The following provisions of this title shall not apply to the promotion 
of officers described in subsection (a):
            ``(1) The reference in section 14301(b) to an officer above 
        the promotion zone.
            ``(2) Section 14301(d).

    ``(d) Ineligibility of Certain Officers.--The following officers are 
not eligible for promotion under this chapter:
            ``(1) An officer described in section 14301(c) of this 
        title.
            ``(2) An officer not included within the promotion zone.
            ``(3) An officer who has failed of promotion to a higher 
        grade the maximum number of times specified for opportunities 
        for promotion for such grade within the competitive category 
        concerned pursuant to section 15104 of this title.
            ``(4) An officer recommended by a selection board to be 
        removed from consideration for promotion in accordance with 
        section 15102(c) of this title.
``Sec. 15104. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15104.>>  Opportunities for 
                    consideration for promotion

    ``(a) Specification of Number of Opportunities for Consideration for 
Promotion.--In designating a competitive category of officers pursuant 
to section 15101 of this title, the Secretary of a military department 
shall specify the number of opportunities for consideration for 
promotion to be afforded officers of the armed force concerned within 
the category for promotion to each grade above the grade of first 
lieutenant or lieutenant (junior grade), as applicable.

[[Page 137 STAT. 247]]

    ``(b) Limited Authority of Secretary of Military Department to 
Modify Number of Opportunities. <<NOTE: Time period.>> --The Secretary 
of a military department may modify the number of opportunities for 
consideration for promotion to be afforded officers of an armed force 
within a competitive category for promotion to a particular grade, as 
previously specified by the Secretary pursuant subsection (a) of this 
subsection, not more frequently than once every five years.

    ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Secretary of Defense to Modify 
Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of Defense may modify the number 
of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be afforded officers 
of an armed force within a competitive category for promotion to a 
particular grade, as previously specified or modified pursuant to any 
provision of this section, at the discretion of the Secretary.
    ``(d) Limitation on Number of Opportunities Specified.--The number 
of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be afforded officers 
of an armed force within a competitive category for promotion to a 
particular grade, as specified or modified pursuant to any provision of 
this section, may not exceed five opportunities.
    ``(e) Effect of Certain Reduction in Number of Opportunities 
Specified.--If, by reason of a reduction in the number of opportunities 
for consideration for promotion under this section, an officer would no 
longer have one or more opportunities for consideration for promotion 
that were available to the officer before the reduction, the officer 
shall be afforded one additional opportunity for consideration for 
promotion after the reduction.
``Sec. 15105. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15105.>>  Promotions

    ``Sections <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  14307 through 14317 of this 
title shall apply in promotions of officers in competitive categories of 
officers designated for purposes of this chapter.
``Sec. 15106. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15106.>>  Failure of selection for 
                    promotion

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  In General.--Except as provided in 
this section, sections 14501 through 14513 of this title shall apply to 
promotions of officers in competitive categories of officers designated 
for purposes of this chapter.

    ``(b) Inapplicability of Failure of Selection for Promotion to 
Officers Above Promotion Zone.--The reference in section 14501 of this 
title to an officer above the promotion zone shall not apply in the 
promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Special Selection Board Matters.--The reference in section 
14502(a)(1) of this title to a person above the promotion zone shall not 
apply in the promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(d) Effect of Failure of Selection.--In the administration of this 
chapter pursuant to subsection (a)--
            ``(1) an officer described in subsection (a) shall not be 
        deemed to have failed twice of selection for promotion for 
        purposes of section 14502(b) of this title until the officer has 
        failed selection of promotion to the next higher grade the 
        maximum number of times specified for opportunities for 
        promotion to such grade within the competitive category 
        concerned pursuant to section 15104 of this title; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 248]]

            ``(2) any reference in sections 14504 through 14506 of this 
        title to an officer who has failed of selection for promotion to 
        the next higher grade for the second time shall be deemed to 
        refer instead to an officer described in subsection (a) who has 
        failed of selection for promotion to the next higher grade for 
        the maximum number of times specified for opportunities for 
        promotion to such grade within the competitive category 
        concerned pursuant to such section 15104.
``Sec. 15107. <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 15107.>>  Retirement: 
                    retirement for years of service; selective 
                    early retirement

    ``(a) Retirement for Years of Service.--Sections 14507 through 14515 
of this title shall apply to the retirement of officers in competitive 
categories of officers designated for purposes of this chapter.
    ``(b) Selective Early Retirement.--Section 14101(b) of this title 
shall apply to the retirement of officers described in subsection (a).
``Sec. 15108. <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 15108.>>  Continuation 
                    on the Reserve Active-Status List

    ``Sections 14701 through 14703 of this title shall apply in 
continuation or retention on a reserve active-status list of officers 
designated for purposes of this chapter.
``Sec. 15109. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15109.>>  Other administrative 
                    authorities

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  In General.--The following 
provisions of this title shall apply to officers in competitive 
categories of officers designated for purposes of this chapter:
            ``(1) Section 14518, relating to continuation of officers to 
        complete disciplinary action.
            ``(2) Section 14519, relating to deferment of retirement or 
        separation for medical reasons.
            ``(3) Section 14704, relating to the selective early removal 
        from the reserve active-status list.
            ``(4) Section 14705, relating to the selective early 
        retirement of reserve general and flag officers of the Navy and 
        Marine Corps.
``Sec. 15110. <<NOTE: 10 USC 15110.>>  Regulations

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations regarding the 
administration of this chapter. The elements of such regulations shall 
include mechanisms to clarify the manner in which provisions of other 
chapters of this part of the title shall be used in the administration 
of this chapter in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.''.
    (b) Table of Chapters Amendment.--The table of chapters at the 
beginning of part III of subtitle E of title 10, United States 
Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 14001.>>  is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:
``1413. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
competitive categories..........................................15101''.
SEC. 515. AUTHORIZATION FOR FIREGUARD PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority.--Chapter 5 of title 32, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 510. <<NOTE: 32 USC 510.>>  Authorization for FireGuard 
                Program

    ``The Secretary of Defense may use members of the National Guard to 
carry out a program to aggregate, analyze, and assess

[[Page 137 STAT. 249]]

multi-source remote sensing information for interagency partnerships in 
the detection and monitoring of wildfires, and to support any emergency 
response to such wildfires. Such a program shall be known as the 
`FireGuard Program'.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 32 USC prec. 501.>>  is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``510. Authorization for FireGuard Program.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendment.--The National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81) <<NOTE: 32 USC 501 note.>>  is 
amended by striking section 515.
SEC. 516. <<NOTE: 10 USC 661 note.>>  DESIGNATION OF AT LEAST ONE 
                        GENERAL OFFICER OF THE MARINE CORPS 
                        RESERVE AS A JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICER.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that at least one general 
officer of the Marine Corps Reserve is designated as a joint qualified 
officer.

        Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Prohibitions

SEC. 521. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO ACTIVE 
                        DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY 
                        APPOINTMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Retired members: 
        temporary authority'' and inserting ``Authority'';
            (2) by striking subsection (f);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (f) and (g), respectively; and
            (4) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (3), by 
        striking ``limitations in subsections (c) and (f)'' and 
        inserting ``limitation in subsection (c)''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 39 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 671.>>  
is amended by striking the item relating to section 688a and inserting 
the following new item:

``688a. Authority to order to active duty in high-demand, low-density 
           assignments.''.

SEC. 522. PROHIBITION ON POLICY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        REGARDING IDENTIFICATION OF GENDER OR 
                        PERSONAL PRONOUNS IN OFFICIAL 
                        CORRESPONDENCE.

    Chapter 49 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
971.>>  is amended by inserting after section 985 the following new 
section 986:
``Sec. 986. <<NOTE: 10 USC 986.>>  Policy regarding identification 
                of gender or personal pronouns in official 
                correspondence

    ``The Secretary of Defense may not require or prohibit a member of 
the armed forces or a civilian employee of the Department of Defense to 
identify the gender or personal pronouns of such member or employee in 
any official correspondence of the Department.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 250]]

SEC. 523. PROHIBITION ON FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                        ACCEPTING POST-SERVICE EMPLOYMENT WITH 
                        CERTAIN FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 49 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 989. <<NOTE: 10 USC 989.>>  Prohibition on former members 
                of the armed forces accepting post-service 
                employment with certain foreign governments

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided by subsection (b), a covered 
individual may not occupy a covered post-service position.
    ``(b) Temporary Waiver.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Processes. Determinations.>>  In general.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall establish a process under which a 
        covered individual may be granted a temporary waiver of the 
        prohibition under subsection (a) if--
                    ``(A) the individual, or a Federal agency on behalf 
                of, and with the consent of, the individual, submits to 
                the Secretary a written application for a waiver in such 
                form and manner as the Secretary determines appropriate; 
                and
                    ``(B) the Secretary determines that the waiver is 
                necessary to advance the national security interests of 
                the United States.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Period of waiver.--A waiver 
        issued under paragraph (1) shall apply for a period not 
        exceeding 5 years. The Secretary may renew such a waiver.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Revocation.--The Secretary 
        may revoke a waiver issued under paragraph (1) to a covered 
        individual with respect to a covered-post service position if 
        the Secretary determines that the employment of the individual 
        in the covered-post service position poses a threat to national 
        security.
            ``(4) Notification.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later 
                than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary 
                issues a waiver under paragraph (1) or revokes a waiver 
                under paragraph (3), the Secretary shall submit to the 
                Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
                of Representatives written notification of the waiver or 
                revocation, as the case may be.
                    ``(B) Elements.--A notification required by 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                          ``(i) With respect to a waiver issued to a 
                      covered individual--
                                    ``(I) the details of the 
                                application, including the position held 
                                by the individual in the armed forces;
                                    ``(II) the nature of the post-
                                service position of the individual;
                                    ``(III) a description of the 
                                national security interests that will be 
                                advanced by reason of issuing such a 
                                waiver; and
                                    ``(IV) the specific reasons why the 
                                Secretary determines that issuing the 
                                waiver will advance such interests.
                          ``(ii) With respect to a revocation of a 
                      waiver issued to a covered individual--

[[Page 137 STAT. 251]]

                                    ``(I) the details of the waiver, 
                                including any renewals of the waiver, 
                                and the dates of such waiver and 
                                renewals; and
                                    ``(II) the specific reasons why the 
                                Secretary determined that the revocation 
                                is warranted.

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Processes.>>  Certification of Prohibition.--In 
implementing the prohibition under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
establish a process under which each member of the armed forces is, 
before the member retires or is otherwise separated from the armed 
forces--
            ``(1) informed in writing of the prohibition, and the 
        penalties for violations of the prohibition; and
            ``(2) required to certify that the member understands the 
        prohibition and those penalties.

    ``(d) Penalties.--In the case of a covered individual who knowingly 
and willfully fails to comply with the prohibition under subsection (a), 
the Secretary may, as applicable--
            ``(1) withhold any pay, allowances, or benefits that would 
        otherwise be provided to the individual by the Department of 
        Defense; and
            ``(2) revoke any security clearance of the individual.

    ``(e) Annual Reports.--
            ``(1) Requirement.--Not later than March 31, 2024, and 
        annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on covered post-
        service employment occurring during the year covered by the 
        report.
            ``(2) Elements.--Each report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    ``(A) The number of former covered individuals who 
                occupy a covered post-service position, broken down by--
                          ``(i) the name of the employer;
                          ``(ii) the foreign government, including by 
                      the specific foreign individual, agency, or 
                      entity, for whom the covered post-service 
                      employment is being performed; and
                          ``(iii) the nature of the services provided as 
                      part of the covered post-service employment.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  An assessment by the 
                Secretary of whether--
                          ``(i) the Department of Defense maintains 
                      adequate systems and processes for ensuring that 
                      former members of the armed forces are submitting 
                      required reports relating to their employment by 
                      foreign governments;
                          ``(ii) all covered individuals who occupy a 
                      covered post-service position are in compliance 
                      with this section;
                          ``(iii) the services provided by the covered 
                      individuals who occupy a covered post-service 
                      position pose a current or future threat to the 
                      national security of the United States; and
                          ``(iv) there is any credible information or 
                      reporting that any covered individual who occupies 
                      a covered post-service position has engaged in 
                      activities that violate Federal law.
            ``(3) Form of report.--Each report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

[[Page 137 STAT. 252]]

    ``(f) Notifications of Determinations of Certain Threats.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Requirement.--In addition to the 
        annual reports under subsection (d), if the Secretary determines 
        that the services provided by a covered individual who occupies 
        a covered post-service position pose a threat described in 
        clause (iii) of paragraph (2)(B) of that subsection, or include 
        activities described in clause (iv) of such paragraph, the 
        Secretary shall notify the congressional defense committees of 
        that determination by not later than 30 days after making the 
        determination.
            ``(2) Elements.--A notification required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    ``(A) The name of the covered individual.
                    ``(B) The name of the employer.
                    ``(C) The foreign government, including the specific 
                foreign individual, agency, or entity, for whom the 
                covered post-service employment is being performed.
                    ``(D) As applicable, a description of the risk to 
                national security and the activities that may violate 
                Federal law.

    ``(g) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to indemnify or shield covered individuals from prosecution 
under any relevant provision of title 18.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered individual.--The term `covered individual' 
        means an individual who has retired or otherwise separated from 
        an active or reserve component of the Armed Forces.
            ``(2) Covered post-service employment.--The term `covered 
        post-service employment' means direct or indirect employment by, 
        representation of, or any provision of advice or services 
        relating to national security, intelligence, the military, or 
        internal security to--
                    ``(A) the government of--
                          ``(i) a country of concern (as defined in 
                      section 1(m) of the State Department Basic 
                      Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 2651a(m))); or
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  a country 
                      the Secretary of Defense determines acts as a 
                      proxy or passthrough for services for a country of 
                      concern; or
                    ``(B) any company, entity, or other person the 
                activities of which are directly or indirectly 
                supervised, directed, controlled, financed, or 
                subsidized, in whole or in major part, by a government 
                described in subparagraph (A).
            ``(3) Covered post-service position.--The term `covered 
        post-service position' means a position of employment described 
        in paragraph (2).''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 49 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 971.>>  is amended by 
adding at the end the following new item:

``989. Prohibition on former members of the armed forces accepting post-
           service employment with certain foreign governments.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Section 908 of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Prohibition on Former Members of Armed Forces Accepting 
Employment With Certain Foreign Governments.--For a provision of law 
prohibiting former members of the armed forces from accepting post-
service employment with certain foreign governments, see section 989 of 
title 10.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 253]]

SEC. 524. VERIFICATION OF THE FINANCIAL INDEPENDENCE OF FINANCIAL 
                        SERVICES COUNSELORS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) Verification of Financial Independence.--Section 992 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)(A)--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (ii)--
                          (i) by striking ``may'' and inserting 
                      ``shall'';
                          (ii) by striking ``installation by any means 
                      elected by the Secretary from among the 
                      following:'' and inserting ``installation--'';
                          (iii) in subclause (I)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Through'' and 
                                inserting ``through''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``Defense.'' and 
                                inserting ``Defense;'';
                          (iv) in subclause (II)--
                                    (I) by striking ``By contract'' and 
                                inserting ``by contract''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``Internet.'' and 
                                inserting ``Internet; or''; and
                          (v) in subclause (III)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Through'' and 
                                inserting ``through''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``counseling.'' and 
                                inserting ``counseling; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            ``(iii) <<NOTE: Disclosures.>>  may not provide financial 
        services through any individual unless such individual agrees to 
        submit financial disclosures annually to the Secretary.'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B), by striking ``installation by 
        any of the means set forth in subparagraph (A)(ii), as elected 
        by the Secretary concerned.'' and inserting ``installation in 
        accordance with the requirements established under subparagraph 
        (A)(ii) and (iii).''; and
            (3) in subsection (b)(4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(A)'' before ``The Secretary''; 
                and
                    (B) by inserting at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Requirement. Disclosures.>>  In carrying out the 
requirements of subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned shall 
establish a requirement that each financial services counselor under 
paragraph (2)(A)(i), and any other individual providing counseling on 
financial services under paragraph (2), submit financial disclosures 
annually to the Secretary.

    ``(C) <<NOTE: Review.>>  The Secretary concerned shall review all 
financial disclosures submitted pursuant to subparagraph (B) to ensure 
the counselor, or the individual providing counseling, is free from 
conflict as required under this paragraph.

    ``(D) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  If the Secretary concerned 
determines that a financial services counselor under paragraph 
(2)(A)(i), or any other individual providing counseling on financial 
services under paragraph (2), is not free from conflict as required 
under this paragraph, the Secretary shall ensure that the counselor, or 
the individual providing counseling, does not provide such services 
until such time as the Secretary determines that such conflict is 
resolved.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 254]]

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing on Financial Independence.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
Secretary concerned shall submit to Congress a briefing on the 
implementation of the amendments made by this section.

    (c) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given to such term in section 
101 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 525. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR APPROVAL OF FOREIGN 
                        EMPLOYMENT BY RETIRED AND RESERVE MEMBERS 
                        OF UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Section 908 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``A person'' and inserting ``(1) A 
                person'';
                    (B) by inserting ``after determining that such 
                approval is not contrary to the national interests of 
                the United States'' after ``approve the employment''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Delegation authority. Determination.>>  The Secretary 
of a military department may delegate the determination of the Secretary 
required by paragraph (1) only to an official of the military department 
at or above the level of an Assistant Secretary or, in the event of a 
vacancy in the position of such an official, a civilian official 
performing the duties of that position.''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by striking ``an officer'' and inserting ``a 
                      person''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraphs (B) and (C) and 
                      inserting the following new subparagraphs:
            ``(B) A description of the duties, if any, the person is to 
        perform and the compensation the person is to receive for such 
        duties, as reflected in the person's application for approval of 
        the employment or compensation or payment or award.
            ``(C) The position the person held or holds in the armed 
        forces, including the rank of the person and the armed force in 
        which the person served.
            ``(D) Any other information the Secretaries of the military 
        departments consider relevant, except that such information may 
        not include the person's date of birth, Social Security number, 
        home address, phone number, or any other personal identifier 
        other than the name and rank of the person and the armed force 
        in which the person served.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Reports. Public information. Web posting.>>  Not later 
than 60 days after the date on which a report required by paragraph (1) 
is submitted, the Secretaries of the military departments shall make the 
report, and all contents of the report, available on a publicly 
accessible internet website.''.
SEC. 526. <<NOTE: Time periods. 10 USC note prec. 1161.>>  
                        CONSIDERATION OF REINSTATEMENT OF A MEMBER 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES INVOLUNTARILY 
                        SEPARATED ON THE BASIS OF REFUSAL TO 
                        RECEIVE A VACCINATION AGAINST COVID-19.

    (a) Reinstatement.--
            (1) Request; consideration.--At the request of a covered 
        individual during the two years following the date of the 
        involuntary separation of the covered individual, the Secretary 
        concerned shall consider reinstating such covered individual--

[[Page 137 STAT. 255]]

                    (A) as a member of the Armed Force concerned; and
                    (B) in the grade held by such covered individual 
                immediately before the involuntary separation of the 
                covered individual.
            (2) Treatment of period between separation and 
        reinstatement.--The Secretary concerned shall treat the period 
        of time between the involuntary separation of a covered 
        individual and the reinstatement of such covered individual 
        under paragraph (1) as a period of inactivation from active 
        service under the following provisions of section 710 of title 
        10, United States Code:
                    (A) Subsection (b).
                    (B) Subparagraphs (B) through (D) of paragraph (2) 
                of subsection (f).
                    (C) Paragraph (4) of subsection (f).
                    (D) Subsection (g).

    (b) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
individual'' means an individual--
            (1) involuntarily separated from an Armed Force solely on 
        the basis of the refusal of such individual to receive a 
        vaccination against COVID-19; and
            (2) who, during the period beginning on August 24, 2021, and 
        ending on February 24, 2023, submitted a request for a 
        religious, administrative, or medical exemption from a 
        requirement to receive a vaccination against COVID-19.
SEC. 527. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1553 note.>>  REVIEWS OF CHARACTERIZATION 
                        OF ADMINISTRATIVE DISCHARGES OF CERTAIN 
                        MEMBERS ON THE BASIS OF FAILURE TO RECEIVE 
                        COVID-19 VACCINE.

    (a) Mandatory Review.--A board established under section 1553 of 
title 10, United States Code, shall grant a request pursuant to such 
section to review the characterization of a discharge or dismissal of a 
former member of a covered Armed Force if such discharge or dismissal 
was solely based on the failure of such former member to obey a lawful 
order to receive a vaccine for COVID-19.
    (b) Covered Armed Force Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Force'' means the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, 
Coast Guard, or Space Force.
SEC. 528. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 1161.>>  CERTAIN MEMBERS 
                        DISCHARGED OR DISMISSED ON THE SOLE BASIS 
                        OF FAILURE TO OBEY A LAWFUL ORDER TO 
                        RECEIVE A VACCINE FOR COVID-19: 
                        COMMUNICATION STRATEGY REGARDING 
                        REINSTATEMENT PROCESS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Communication Strategy Required.--Not later 
than six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments or, with respect the Coast Guard, the Secretary of 
the department in which the Secretary is operating when the Coast Guard 
is not operating as a service in the Navy, shall communicate, to a 
covered individual, the current, established, process by which a covered 
individual may be reinstated in the covered Armed Force concerned.

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual 
        discharged or dismissed from a covered Armed Force on the sole 
        basis of failure to obey a lawful order to receive a vaccine for 
        COVID-19.

[[Page 137 STAT. 256]]

            (2) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means the Army, Navy, 
        Marine Corps, Air Force, Coast Guard, or Space Force.
SEC. 529. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 1201.>>  CONTINUING MILITARY 
                        SERVICE FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS ELIGIBLE FOR 
                        CHAPTER 61 RETIREMENT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>>  In General.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall prescribe regulations that authorize the Secretary of the 
military department concerned to authorize a covered member to continue 
to serve in the Armed Forces--
            (1) in the current military occupational specialty of such 
        covered member, for which the covered member may not be 
        deployable; or
            (2) in a military occupational specialty for which the 
        covered member is deployable.

    (b) Rule of Construction.--A covered member who completes 20 years 
of service computed under section 1208 of title 10, United States Code 
shall not be denied any benefit--
            (1) for which the covered member is eligible under laws 
        administered by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs; and
            (2) solely on the basis that the covered member elected to 
        continue to serve in the Armed Forces instead of taking 
        retirement under chapter 61 of title 10, United States Code.

    (c) Covered Member Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
member'' means a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or 
Space Force--
            (1) whom the Secretary of the military department concerned 
        determines possesses skill or experience vital to the Armed 
        Force concerned;
            (2) who incurs a disability--
                    (A) while eligible for special pay under section 310 
                of title 37, United States Code; and
                    (B) that renders the member eligible for retirement 
                under chapter 61 of title 10, United States Code; and
            (3) who seeks to continue to serve in the Armed Forces 
        instead of taking such retirement.
SEC. 529A. THREAT-BASED SECURITY SERVICES AND EQUIPMENT FOR 
                          CERTAIN FORMER OR RETIRED DEPARTMENT OF 
                          DEFENSE PERSONNEL.

    (a) Removal of Time Limitations.--Subsection (b) of section 714 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``imminent and credible 
        threat'' and inserting ``serious and credible threat'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``for a period of up to 
        two years beginning on the date on which the official separates 
        from the Department'';
            (3) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:
            ``(5) <<NOTE: Requirement. Reviews. Time period.>>  Duration 
        of protection.--The Secretary of Defense shall require periodic 
        reviews, not less than once every six months, of the duration of 
        protection provided to individuals under this subsection.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (6)(A), by striking ``and of each 
        determination under paragraph (5)(B) to extend such protection 
        and security''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 257]]

    (b) Authorization of Reimbursement or Acquisition of Security 
Services.--Such section 714, as amended by subsection (a), is further 
amended by adding at the end the following:
    ``(e) Reimbursement.--The Secretary of Defense may reimburse a 
former or retired official who faces serious and credible threats 
arising from duties performed while employed by the Department for 
security services and equipment procured at the personal expense of the 
official, not to exceed an aggregate of $15,000,000 in any fiscal year 
for all former and retired officials authorized by the Secretary of 
Defense for such reimbursement.''.
SEC. 529B. LIMITATION ON ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW DIVERSITY, EQUITY, 
                          AND INCLUSION POSITIONS; HIRING FREEZE.

    (a) In General.--During the period described in subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense may not--
            (1) establish any new positions within the Department of 
        Defense with responsibility for matters relating to diversity, 
        equity, and inclusion; or
            (2) fill any vacancies in positions in the Department with 
        responsibility for such matters.

    (b) Period Described.--The period described in this subsection is 
the period--
            (1) beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act; and
            (2) ending on the date on which the Comptroller General of 
        the United States submits to Congress the review of the 
        Department of Defense diversity, equity, and inclusion workforce 
        required by the report of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
        Senate accompanying the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2024.
SEC. 529C. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 501.>>  REQUIREMENT TO BASE 
                          MILITARY ACCESSIONS AND PROMOTIONS ON 
                          MERIT AND PERFORMANCE.

    (a) Merit Requirement.--A military accession or a promotion in the 
Department of Defense shall be based on individual merit and 
demonstrated performance.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall prescribe regulations to carry out this section not later than 90 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

          Subtitle D--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

SEC. 531. TECHNICAL AND CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO THE UNIFORM CODE 
                        OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Technical Amendment Relating to Guilty Pleas for Murder.--
Section 918 of title 10, United States Code (article 118 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``he'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``such person''; and
            (2) in the matter following paragraph (4), by striking the 
        period and inserting ``, unless such person is otherwise 
        sentenced in accordance with a plea agreement entered into 
        between the parties under section 853a of this title (article 
        53a).''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 258]]

    (b) Technical Amendments Relating to the Military Justice Reforms in 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022.--
            (1) Article 16.--Subsection (c)(2)(A) of section 816 of 
        title 10, United States Code (article 16 of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), is amended by striking ``by the convening 
        authority''.
            (2) Article 25.--Section 825 of title 10, United States Code 
        (article 25 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``may, after 
                      the findings are announced and before any matter 
                      is presented in the sentencing phase, request, 
                      orally on the record or in writing, sentencing by 
                      members'' and inserting ``shall be sentenced by 
                      the military judge''; and
                          (ii) by amending paragraph (2) to read as 
                      follows:

    ``(2) In a capital case, if the accused is convicted of an offense 
for which the court-martial may sentence the accused to death, the 
accused shall be sentenced in accordance with section 853(c) of this 
title (article 53(c)).'';
                    (B) in subsection (e)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``him'' and 
                      inserting ``the member being tried''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) in the first sentence, by 
                                striking ``his opinion'' and inserting 
                                ``the opinion of the convening 
                                authority''; and
                                    (II) in the second sentence, by 
                                striking ``he'' and inserting ``the 
                                member''; and
                    (C) in subsection (f), in the second sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``his authority'' and 
                      inserting ``the authority of the convening 
                      authority''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``his staff judge advocate or 
                      legal officer'' and inserting ``the staff judge 
                      advocate or legal officer of the convening 
                      authority''.

    (c) Authority of Special Trial Counsel With Respect to Certain 
Offenses Occurring Before Effective Date of Military Justice Reforms 
Enacted in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2022.--
            (1) Authority.--Section 824a of title 10, United States Code 
        (article 24a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), as added 
        by section 531 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81; 135 Stat. 1692), is amended 
        by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(d) Special Trial Counsel Authority Over Certain Other Offenses.--
            ``(1) Offenses occurring before effective date.--A special 
        trial counsel may, at the sole and exclusive discretion of the 
        special trial counsel, exercise authority over the following 
        offenses:
                    ``(A) An offense under section 917a (article 117a), 
                918 (article 118), section 919 (article 119), section 
                920 (article 120), section 920b (article 120b), section 
                920c (article 120c), section 928b (article 128b), or the 
                standalone offense of child pornography punishable under 
                section 934 (article

[[Page 137 STAT. 259]]

                134) of this title that occurred on or before December 
                27, 2023.
                    ``(B) An offense under section 925 (article 125), 
                section 930 (article 130), or section 932 (article 132) 
                of this title that occurred on or after January 1, 2019, 
                and before December 28, 2023.
                    ``(C) An offense under section 920a (article 120a) 
                of this title, an offense under section 925 (article 
                125) of this title alleging an act of nonconsensual 
                sodomy, or the standalone offense of kidnapping 
                punishable under section 934 (article 134) of this title 
                that occurred before January 1, 2019.
                    ``(D) A conspiracy to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under 
                section 881 of this title (article 81).
                    ``(E) A solicitation to commit an offense specified 
                in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) as punishable under 
                section 882 of this title (article 82).
                    ``(F) An attempt to commit an offense specified in 
                subparagraph (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E) as punishable 
                under section 880 of this title (article 80).
            ``(2) Effect of exercise of authority.--
                    ``(A) Treatment as covered offense.--If a special 
                trial counsel exercises authority over an offense 
                pursuant to paragraph (1), the offense over which the 
                special trial counsel exercises authority shall be 
                considered a covered offense for purposes of this 
                chapter.
                    ``(B) Known or related offenses.--If a special trial 
                counsel exercises authority over an offense pursuant to 
                paragraph (1), the special trial counsel may exercise 
                the authority of the special trial counsel under 
                subparagraph (B) of subsection (c)(2) with respect to 
                other offenses described in that subparagraph without 
                regard to the date on which the other offenses occur.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment to effective date.--Section 539C(a) 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 
        (Public Law 117-81; 10 U.S.C. 801 note) is amended by striking 
        ``and shall'' and inserting ``and, except as provided in section 
        824a(d) of title 10, United States Code (article 24a(d) of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice), shall''.

    (d) Clarification of Applicability of Domestic Violence and Stalking 
to Dating Partners.--
            (1) Article 128b; domestic violence.--Section 928b of title 
        10, United States Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), is amended--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``Any person'' and inserting ``(a) In 
                General.--Any person'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph 
                (1) of this section, by inserting ``a dating partner,'' 
                after ``an intimate partner,'' each place it appears; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:

    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section, the terms `dating partner', 
`immediate family', and `intimate partner' have the meanings given such 
terms in section 930 of this title (article 130).''.
            (2) Article 130; stalking.--Section 930 of such title 
        (article 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) is 
        amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 260]]

                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``or to his or 
                her intimate partner'' each place it appears and 
                inserting ``to his or her intimate partner, or to his or 
                her dating partner''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) by redesignating paragraphs (3) through 
                      (5) as paragraphs (4) through (6), respectively; 
                      and
                          (ii) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                      following new paragraph:
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  The term `dating partner', in 
        the case of a specific person, means a person who is or has been 
        in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with 
        such specific person based on a consideration of--
                    ``(A) the length of the relationship;
                    ``(B) the type of relationship;
                    ``(C) the frequency of interaction between the 
                persons involved in the relationship; and
                    ``(D) the extent of physical intimacy or sexual 
                contact between the persons involved in the 
                relationship.''.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 816 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsection (b) and subsection (c)(1) shall take effect immediately 
after the coming into effect of the amendments made by part 1 of 
subtitle D of title V of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81) as provided in section 539C of that 
Act (10 U.S.C. 801 note).
SEC. 532. <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  ESTABLISHMENT OF STAGGERED 
                        TERMS FOR MEMBERS OF THE MILITARY JUSTICE 
                        REVIEW PANEL.

    (a) Appointment to Staggered Terms.--Subsection (b) of section 946 
of title 10, United States Code (article 146 of the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) Establishment of staggered terms.--Notwithstanding 
        subsection (e), members of the Panel appointed to serve on the 
        Panel to fill vacancies that exist due to terms of appointment 
        expiring during the period beginning on August 1, 2030, and 
        ending on November 30, 2030, shall be appointed to terms as 
        follows:
                    ``(A) Three members designated by the Secretary of 
                Defense shall serve a term of two years.
                    ``(B) Three members designated by the Secretary of 
                Defense shall serve a term of four years.
                    ``(C) Three members designated by the Secretary of 
                Defense shall serve a term of six years.
                    ``(D) Four members designated by the Secretary of 
                Defense shall serve a term of eight years.''.

    (b) Term; Vacancies.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
    ``(e) Term; Vacancies.--
            ``(1) Term.--Subject to subsection (b)(4) and paragraphs (2) 
        and (3) of this subsection, each member shall be appointed for a 
        term of eight years, and no member may serve more than one term.
            ``(2) Vacancy.--Any vacancy in the Panel shall be filled in 
        the same manner as the original appointment. A member appointed 
        to fill a vacancy in the Panel that occurs before the expiration 
        of the term of appointment of the predecessor

[[Page 137 STAT. 261]]

        of such member shall be appointed for the remainder of the term 
        of such predecessor.
            ``(3) Availability of reappointment for certain members.--
        Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a member of the Panel may be 
        appointed to a single additional term if--
                    ``(A) the appointment of the member is to fill a 
                vacancy described in subsection (b)(4); or
                    ``(B) the member was initially appointed--
                          ``(i) to a term of four years or less in 
                      accordance with subsection (b)(4); or
                          ``(ii) to fill a vacancy that occurs before 
                      the expiration of the term of the predecessor of 
                      such member and for which the remainder of the 
                      term of such predecessor is four years or less.''.
SEC. 533. SUPREME COURT REVIEW OF CERTAIN ACTIONS OF THE UNITED 
                        STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED 
                        FORCES.

    (a) Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed 
Forces.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1259 of title 28, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``or refused to 
                grant'' after ``granted''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``or refused to 
                grant'' after ``granted''.
            (2) Technical and conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Title 10.--Section 867a(a) of title 10, United 
                States Code (article 67a of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice), is amended by striking ``The Supreme Court may 
                not review by a writ of certiorari under this section 
                any action of the United States Court of Appeals for the 
                Armed Forces in refusing to grant a petition for 
                review.''.
                    (B) Time for application for writ of certiorari.--
                Subsection (g) of section 2101 of title 28, United 
                States Code, is amended to read as follows:

    ``(g) The time for application for a writ of certiorari to review a 
decision of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, or 
the decision of a Court of Criminal Appeals that the United States Court 
of Appeals for the Armed Forces refuses to grant a petition to review, 
shall be as prescribed by rules of the Supreme Court.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 867a note.>>  Effective Date and Applicability.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall 
        take effect on the date that is one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to any action 
        of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces in 
        granting or refusing to grant a petition for review submitted to 
        such Court for the first time on or after such effective date.
            (2) Inapplicability to pending decisions.--With respect to a 
        petition submitted to the United States Court of Appeals for the 
        Armed Forces before the effective date specified in paragraph 
        (1) and on which the Court has not taken action as of such date, 
        the provisions of the United States Code amended by subsection 
        (a) shall apply as if such amendments had not been enacted. Any 
        action of the United States Court

[[Page 137 STAT. 262]]

        of Appeals for the Armed Forces in granting or refusing to grant 
        such a petition is final and conclusive.
            (3) Finality of decisions before effective date.--Any action 
        of the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces in 
        granting or refusing to grant a petition for review before the 
        effective date specified in paragraph (1) is final and 
        conclusive.
            (4) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Rules required.--The Supreme Court 
        shall prescribe rules to carry out section 2101(g) of title 28, 
        United States Code, as amended by subsection (a)(2)(B) of this 
        section, by not later than the effective date specified in 
        paragraph (1).
SEC. 534. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR INITIATIVE TO ENHANCE THE 
                        CAPABILITY OF MILITARY CRIMINAL 
                        INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS TO PREVENT AND 
                        COMBAT CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION.

    Section 550D of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note prec.) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Additional Requirements.--As part of the initiative under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry out the following 
activities:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Annual report.--Not later than 
        90 days after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024, an on an annual basis 
        thereafter through 2029, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the progress of the initiative, 
        which shall include a description of specific actions that have 
        been taken, or that are planned to be taken, to detect, combat, 
        and stop the use of the Department of Defense information 
        technology network to further online child sexual exploitation.
            ``(2) Partnerships.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into 
        partnerships and execute collaborative agreements with 
        functional experts, including highly qualified national child 
        protection organizations or law enforcement training centers 
        with demonstrated expertise in the delivery of law enforcement 
        training, to identify, investigate, and prosecute individuals 
        engaged in online child sexual exploitation.
            ``(3) Mandatory training.--The Secretary shall establish 
        mandatory training for criminal investigative organizations of 
        the Department of Defense and other appropriate personnel at 
        military installations to ensure that the capability and 
        capacity to investigate child sexual exploitation is 
        continuously maintained regardless of staff turnover and 
        relocations.''.
SEC. 535. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RELOCATION OF 
                        ARMY CID SPECIAL AGENT TRAINING COURSE.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2024 for the Army 
may be obligated or expended to relocate an Army CID special agent 
training course until--
            (1) <<NOTE: Reports. Plans.>>  the Secretary of the Army 
        submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a report on any plans of the 
        Secretary to relocate an Army CID special agent training course, 
        including an explanation of the business case for any transfer 
        of training personnel proposed as part of such plan; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 263]]

            (2) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  the Secretary provides to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a briefing on the contents of the report 
        specified in paragraph (1).

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``relocate'', when used with respect to an Army 
        CID special agent training course, means the transfer of such 
        course to a location different than the location used for such 
        course as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) The term ``Army CID special agent training course'' 
        means a training course provided to members of the Army to 
        prepare such members for service as special agents in the Army 
        Criminal Investigation Division.
SEC. 536. STUDY ON REQUIREMENT FOR UNANIMOUS VOTES FOR FINDINGS IN 
                        GENERAL AND SPECIAL COURTS-MARTIAL AND 
                        RELATED MILESTONES FOR IMPLEMENTATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Study Required.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall conduct a study to determine the feasibility and 
advisability of requiring unanimous votes for findings of guilty, not 
guilty, or not guilty only by reason of lack of mental responsibility in 
general and special courts-martial conducted under chapter 47 of title 
10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

    (b) Use of Military Justice Experts.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
convene a group of members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of 
the Department of Defense with significant expertise in military justice 
matters to carry out the study required under subsection (a).
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Information to Congress.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives the following:
            (1) Report.--A report containing the results of the study 
        required under subsection (a).
            (2) Draft legislative text.--Without regard to the contents 
        of the report under paragraph (1), draft legislative text that 
        would revise chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice) to--
                    (A) require a unanimous vote of all members present 
                in a general or special court-martial for a finding of 
                guilty, not guilty, or not guilty only by reason of lack 
                of mental responsibility for a specification; and
                    (B) provide that an accused may be tried a second 
                time for the same offense if a general or special court-
                martial requiring such a unanimous vote does not result 
                in a finding of guilty, not guilty, or not guilty only 
                by reason of lack of mental responsibility for such 
                offense.
            (3) Milestones for implementation.--A description of any 
        milestones or other requirements that would need to be met for 
        the legislative text provided under paragraph (2) to be enacted 
        by not later than December 31, 2027.
SEC. 537. STUDY ON REMOVAL OF SEXUAL ASSAULT VICTIM ADVOCATES FROM 
                        THE CHAIN OF COMMAND OF VICTIMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Study.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall conduct a study to determine--
            (1) the feasibility and advisability of requiring that any 
        Sexual Assault Victim Advocate assigned to a victim under

[[Page 137 STAT. 264]]

        section 1565b of title 10, United States Code, be from outside 
        the chain of command of the victim; and
            (2) the potential effects of such a requirement on the 
        ability of the Armed Forces to implement sexual assault 
        prevention and response programs.

    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

             Subtitle E--Accession Standards and Recruitment

SEC. 541. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS AT SECONDARY 
                        SCHOOLS.

    Section 503(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and 
                      inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) by redesignating clause (ii) as clause 
                      (iii);
                          (iii) by inserting after clause (i) the 
                      following new clause:
            ``(ii) shall provide to military recruiters access to career 
        fairs or similar events upon a request made by military 
        recruiters for military recruiting purposes; and''; and
                          (iv) in clause (iii), as redesignated by 
                      subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, not later than 
                      60 days after receiving such request,'' after 
                      ``provide''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``subparagraph 
                (A)(ii)'' and inserting ``subparagraph (A)(iii)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(6) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  The Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
annual report to Congress not later than February 1 each calendar year, 
detailing each notification of denial of recruiting access issued under 
paragraph (3).''.
SEC. 542. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON ENLISTMENT AND INDUCTION 
                        OF PERSONS WHOSE SCORE ON THE ARMED FORCES 
                        QUALIFICATION TEST IS BELOW A PRESCRIBED 
                        LEVEL.

    Section 520(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The number of persons'' and inserting 
        ``(1) The number of persons'';
            (2) by striking ``may not exceed 20 percent'' and inserting 
        ``may not exceed 4 percent''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) Upon the request of the Secretary concerned, the Secretary of 
Defense may authorize an armed force to increase the limitation 
specified in paragraph (1) to not exceed 20 percent of the total number 
of persons originally enlisted or inducted to serve on active duty 
(other than active duty for training) in such armed forced during such 
fiscal year. <<NOTE: Notification. Deadline.>> The Secretary of Defense 
shall notify the

[[Page 137 STAT. 265]]

Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives not later than 30 days after using such authority.''.
SEC. 543. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS AT INSTITUTIONS 
                        OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    Section 983(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``to the following information 
                pertaining'' and inserting ``, with respect'';
                    (B) by striking ``institution):'' and inserting 
                ``institution)--'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``Names'' and inserting 
                      ``names''; and
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  by striking 
                      ``telephone listings.'' and inserting ``telephone 
                      listings, which information shall be made 
                      available not later than the 60th day following 
                      the date of a request; and''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``Date'' and 
                inserting ``date''.
SEC. 544. INCREASE IN ACCESSION BONUS FOR NURSE OFFICER 
                        CANDIDATES.

    Section 2130a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``$20,000'' and inserting ``$40,000''; and
            (2) by striking ``$10,000'' and inserting ``$20,000''.
SEC. 545. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 501.>>  IMPROVEMENTS TO 
                        MEDICAL STANDARDS FOR ACCESSION TO CERTAIN 
                        ARMED FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Processes.>>  Improvements.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and once four 
years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  conduct an assessment of the 
        prescribed medical standards and medical screening processes 
        required for the appointment of an individual as an officer, or 
        enlistment of an individual as a member, in each covered Armed 
        Force;
            (2) taking into account the findings of such assessment--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Updates.>>  update such standards and 
                processes, as may be necessary; and
                    (B) take such steps as may be necessary to improve 
                the waiver process for individuals who do not meet such 
                prescribed medical standards; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
        containing, with respect to the most recently conducted 
        assessment under paragraph (1)--
                    (A) the findings of that assessment and a 
                description of the actions carried out pursuant to 
                paragraph (2); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations by 
                the Secretary for any legislative action the Secretary 
                determines necessary to further improve such standards 
                and processes.

    (b) Covered Armed Force Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Force'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
or Space Force.

[[Page 137 STAT. 266]]

SEC. 546. <<NOTE: 10 USC 520 note.>>  FUTURE SERVICEMEMBER 
                        PREPARATORY COURSE.

    (a) Requirement.--If the number of nonprior service enlisted 
personnel covered under section 520 of title 10, United States Code, 
exceeds 10 percent of the total number of persons originally enlisted in 
an Armed Force during a fiscal year, the Secretary concerned shall 
establish a future servicemember preparatory course within the Armed 
Force concerned.
    (b) Purpose.--The course established under subsection (a) shall be 
designed to improve the physical and aptitude qualifications of military 
recruits.
    (c) <<NOTE: Compliance.>>  Criteria.--Each course established under 
this section shall comply with the following requirements:
            (1) Enrollment.--All nonprior service enlisted persons whose 
        score on the Armed Forces Qualification Test is below the 
        thirty-first percentile must be enrolled in the course prior to 
        attending initial basic training.
            (2) Graduation requirement.--Prior to attending initial 
        basic training, all enlisted persons attending the course 
        established under this section must achieve a score on the Armed 
        Forces Qualification Test that is at least 10 points higher than 
        the individual's most recent score taken prior to the 
        individual's date of enlistment.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Effect of course failure.--Any 
        enlisted person who fails to achieve course graduation 
        requirements within 180 days of enlistment shall be separated 
        under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned.

    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Report.--If a preparatory course under 
this section is established by the Secretary concerned, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives a report on the structure and results of the course 
for the preceding fiscal year by December 1st of the subsequent fiscal 
year. The report shall include the following elements:
            (1) The number of individuals who attended the preparatory 
        course.
            (2) The number of individuals who graduated the preparatory 
        course.
            (3) The average improvement in the Armed Forces 
        Qualification Test score for individuals who graduated from the 
        prepatory course.
            (4) Any other matter the Secretary determines relevant.

    (e) Sunset.--The requirements of this section shall expire on 
September 30th, 2028.
SEC. 547. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 501.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                        CARDIAC SCREENINGS FOR MILITARY 
                        ACCESSIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than September 
30, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program to 
provide an electrocardiogram to individuals who undergo military 
accession screenings. Each such electrocardiogram shall be provided--
            (1) on a mandatory basis;
            (2) at no cost to the recipient; and
            (3) in a facility of the Department of Defense or by a 
        member or employee of the military health system.

    (b) Purposes.--In carrying out the pilot program, the Secretary 
shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination. Costs.>>  determine the costs 
        (including protocols and personnel and equipment for each 
        location where the Secretary carries

[[Page 137 STAT. 267]]

        out the pilot program) and benefits to the Department of 
        providing an electrocardiogram to every individual who undergoes 
        a military accession screening;
            (2) <<NOTE: Processes. Assessment.>>  develop and implement 
        appropriate processes to assess the long-term impacts of 
        electrocardiogram results on military service; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  consult with experts in 
        cardiology to develop appropriate clinical practice guidelines 
        for cardiac screenings, diagnosis, and treatment.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date on which the pilot program terminates, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing on the pilot program. Such briefing shall 
include the following:
            (1) The results of all electrocardiograms provided to 
        individuals under the pilot program--
                    (A) disaggregated by Armed Force, race, and gender; 
                and
                    (B) without any personally identifiable information.
            (2) The rate of significant cardiac issues detected pursuant 
        to electrocardiograms provided under the pilot program, 
        disaggregated by Armed Force, race, and gender.
            (3) The number of individuals, if any, who were disqualified 
        from accession based solely on the result of an 
        electrocardiogram provided under the pilot program.
            (4) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  The cost of carrying out the pilot 
        program.

    (d) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate after three 
years after its implementation.
SEC. 548. <<NOTE: 10 USC 503 note.>>  COMMUNITY COLLEGE ENLISTED 
                        TRAINING CORPS DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Demonstration Program.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than August 
        1, 2025, the Secretary concerned shall establish within each 
        military department an Enlisted Training Corps demonstration 
        program for the purpose of introducing students to the military, 
        and preparing selected students for enlisted service in the 
        Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force.
            (2) Location.--Demonstration programs established under this 
        section shall be located at a community or junior college. No 
        program may be established at a military college or military 
        junior college as defined for purposes of section 2107a of title 
        10, United States Code.

    (b) Eligibility for Membership.--To be eligible for membership in a 
program under this section, a person must be a student at an institution 
where a unit of the Enlisted Training Corps is located.
    (c) Instructors.--The Secretary concerned may assign as an 
instructor for a unit established under this section an individual 
eligible to serve as an instructor under section 2111 or section 2031 of 
title 10, United States Code. Instructors who are not currently members 
on active duty shall be paid in a manner consistent with section 2031 of 
title 10, United States Code.
    (d) Financial Assistance.--The Secretary of the military department 
concerned may provide financial assistance to persons enrolled in a unit 
of the Enlisted Training Corps in exchange for an agreement in writing 
that the person enlist in the active

[[Page 137 STAT. 268]]

component of the military department concerned upon graduation or 
disenrollment from the community college. Financial assistance provided 
under this subsection may include tuition, living expenses, stipend, or 
other payment.
    (e) Curriculum.--The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any 
programs created under this section include as part of the curriculum 
the following:
            (1) An introduction to the benefits of military service.
            (2) Military history.
            (3) Military customs and courtesies.
            (4) Physical fitness requirements.
            (5) Instruction on ethical behavior and decision making.

    (f) Reporting Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until the date 
specified by subsection (g), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the status of the demonstration program 
required by this section.
    (g) Sunset.--The requirements of this provision shall sunset on 
September 30, 2030.
SEC. 549. ANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON MILITARY RECRUITMENT PRACTICES IN 
                        PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITY 
                        COLLEGES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Briefings Required.--Not later 
than December 31, 2024, and on an annual basis thereafter through 
December 31, 2028, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a briefing on military recruitment practices carried out 
in public secondary schools and community colleges during the calendar 
year preceding the date of the briefing.

    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the year covered by the briefing, the following:
            (1) Identification of the public secondary schools and 
        community colleges visited by military recruiters.
            (2) Identification of the number of recruits obtained from 
        such schools and colleges.
            (3) <<NOTE: Demographic analysis.>>  A demographic analysis 
        of such recruits, including analysis of the race, ethnicity, and 
        gender of such recruits.

    (c) Disaggregation.--The information required under each of a 
paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (b) shall be set forth 
separately--
            (1) by ZIP code, in the case of information concerning 
        community colleges; and
            (2) by local educational agency, in the case information 
        concerning public secondary schools.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``local educational 
agency'' and ``secondary school'' have the meanings given those terms in 
section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
U.S.C. 7801).

[[Page 137 STAT. 269]]

           Subtitle F--Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps

SEC. 551. EXPANSION OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``The President shall promulgate'' 
                and inserting ``The Secretary of Defense shall 
                promulgate''; and
                    (B) by striking ``maintained, and shall provide'' 
                and all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``maintained.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(i)(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and support not 
fewer than 3,400, and not more than 4,000, units of the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps.
    ``(2) The requirement under paragraph (1) shall not apply--
            ``(A) if the Secretary fails to receive an adequate number 
        of requests for Junior Reserve Officer's Training Corps units by 
        public and private secondary educational institutions; and
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  during a time of national 
        emergency when the Secretaries of the military departments 
        determine that funding must be allocated elsewhere.''.
SEC. 552. REQUIREMENT FOR MEMORANDA OF UNDERSTANDING ADDRESSING 
                        CERTAIN MATTERS PERTAINING TO UNITS OF THE 
                        JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    Section 2031(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (5) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (E);
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(b)'';
            (3) in subparagraph (A), as redesignated by paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``(A)'' and inserting ``(i)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(ii)'';
            (4) in subparagraph (E), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``as may be established by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned'' and inserting ``as the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned prescribes in the memorandum of 
        understanding required under paragraph (2).''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  The Secretary of Defense shall 
        prescribe in regulations a memorandum of understanding to be 
        signed by the Secretary of the military department concerned and 
        each institution operating a unit under this section. 
        The <<NOTE: Processes.>>  memorandum shall be standardized to 
        the extent practicable and include the following elements:
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Notification. Deadline.>>  A 
                requirement that an institution notify the Secretary of 
                the military department concerned of allegations of 
                misconduct (including sexual misconduct and harassment) 
                against an instructor who is receiving retired or other 
                pay, not later than 48 hours after such institution 
                learns of such allegations.
                    ``(B) A process by which the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned certifies an instructor, 
                including the

[[Page 137 STAT. 270]]

                conduct of appropriate background checks by such 
                Secretary and the institution concerned.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Expiration date.>>  A process by which 
                the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
                conduct oversight of instructors certified by such 
                Secretary, including a requirement that such 
                certification shall expire after not more than five 
                years.
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Inspection. Time period. Effective 
                date.>>  Processes by which such institution's program 
                will be inspected by the military department concerned 
                prior to establishment of a new unit, or not less often 
                than once every four years in the case of units existing 
                as of January 1, 2024, staggered as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate.
                    
                ``(E) <<NOTE: Certification. Reports. Applicability.>>  
                A requirement that each institution certifies it--
                          ``(i) has created a process for students to 
                      report violations of their rights under title IX 
                      of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 
                      1681 et seq.), as applicable, and title VI of the 
                      Civil Rights Act of 1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et 
                      seq.), including the rights of students to not be 
                      subject to discrimination or subject to 
                      retaliation for reporting a violation of those 
                      laws, if such laws apply to the public or private 
                      institution;
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Policies. Notification.>>  has 
                      implemented policies ensuring students and 
                      instructors are notified of those rights, as well 
                      as the process for reporting violations of those 
                      rights, including information on available 
                      mandatory reporters, if such laws apply to the 
                      institution;
                          ``(iii) has implemented annual training to 
                      inform students of methods to prevent, respond to, 
                      and report sexual assault and harassment;
                          ``(iv) agrees to report all allegations of 
                      violations described in this subparagraph to the 
                      military department concerned and, if subject to 
                      the jurisdiction of the Department of Education, 
                      the Office of Civil Rights of the Department of 
                      Education not less often than annually;
                          ``(v) has developed processes to ensure that 
                      each student enrolled in a unit under this section 
                      has done so voluntarily; and
                          ``(vi) <<NOTE: Data.>>  agrees to provide the 
                      data necessary to compile the report required 
                      under subsection (i).''.
SEC. 553. JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS ADMINISTRATOR 
                        AND INSTRUCTOR COMPENSATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by sections 551 and 552, is further amended--
            (1) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:

    ``(d)(1) Instead of, or in addition to, detailing officers and 
noncommissioned officers on active duty under subsection (c)(1), the 
Secretary of the military department concerned may authorize qualified 
institutions to employ, as administrators and instructors in the 
program--
            ``(A) retired officers and noncommissioned officers whose 
        qualifications are approved by the Secretary and the institution 
        concerned and who request such employment;
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  officers and noncommissioned 
        officers who are separated with an honorable discharge within 
        the past 5 years

[[Page 137 STAT. 271]]

        with at least 8 years of service and are approved by the 
        Secretary and the institution concerned and who request such 
        employment; or
            ``(C) officers and noncommissioned officers who are active 
        participating members of the selected reserve at the time of 
        application, for purposes of section 101(d) of this title, and 
        have not yet reached retirement eligibility and are approved by 
        the Secretary and the institution concerned and who request such 
        employment.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Payments.>>  Employment under this subsection shall be 
subject to the following conditions:
            ``(A) The Secretary concerned shall pay to the institution 
        an amount equal to one-half of the Department's prescribed JROTC 
        Standardized Instructor Pay Scale amount paid to the member by 
        the institution for any period.
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary concerned may 
        pay to the institution more than one-half of the amount paid to 
        the member by the institution if (as determined by the 
        Secretary)--
                    ``(i) the institution is in an educationally and 
                economically deprived area; and
                    ``(ii) the Secretary determines that such action is 
                in the national interest.
            ``(C) Payments by the Secretary concerned under this 
        subsection shall be made from funds appropriated for that 
        purpose.
            ``(D) The Secretary concerned may require successful 
        applicants to transfer to the Individual Ready Reserve.'';
            (2) by striking subsections (e) and (f); and
            (3) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2031 note.>>  Treatment of Current Administrators 
and Instructors.--An administrator or instructor employed under section 
2031 of title 10, United States Code, on the date of enactment of this 
section shall not be subject to a reduction in total compensation as a 
result of such enactment.
SEC. 554. PROHIBITION OF ESTABLISHMENT OR MAINTENANCE OF A UNIT OF 
                        THE JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING 
                        CORPS AT AN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION OWNED, 
                        OPERATED, OR CONTROLLED BY THE CHINESE 
                        COMMUNIST PARTY.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by sections 
551, 552, and 553, is further amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(g) No unit may be established or maintained at an educational 
institution that is owned, operated, or controlled by a person that--
            ``(1) is the People's Republic of China;
            ``(2) is a member of the Chinese Communist Party;
            ``(3) is a member of the People's Liberation Army;
            ``(4) is identified by the Secretary of Defense under 
        section 1260H(a) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (10 U.S.C. 113 
        note) as a Chinese military company;
            ``(5) is included in the Non-SDN Chinese Military-Industrial 
        Complex Companies List published by the Department of the 
        Treasury; or

[[Page 137 STAT. 272]]

            ``(6) is owned by or controlled by or is an agency or 
        instrumentality of any person described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (5).''.
SEC. 555. <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  ENFORCEMENT OF PROGRAM 
                        REQUIREMENTS FOR THE JUNIOR RESERVE 
                        OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Penalties.>>  In General.--Section 2031 of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by sections 551 through 554, is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(h)(1) The Secretary of Defense may suspend or place on probation 
a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps that fails to 
comply with the provisions of the memorandum of understanding required 
pursuant to subsection (b) or any other requirement of this section.
    ``(2) A unit may be placed on probation under paragraph (1) for a 
period of up to three years.
    ``(3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  A unit may be suspended under 
paragraph (1) if, after the three-year probationary period, such unit 
remains out of compliance with the requirements of this section and the 
Secretary of the military department concerned determines that such 
suspension is necessary to mitigate program deficiencies or to protect 
the safety of program participants.''.

    (b) Annual Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for four years, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report including 
information on--
            (1) any units of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
        suspended or placed on probation pursuant to section 2031(i) of 
        title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)), in 
        the year covered by the report; and
            (2) with respect any unit that is reinstated after 
        previously being suspended or placed on probation pursuant to 
        such section, justification for the reinstatement of such unit.
SEC. 556. ANNUAL REPORT ON ALLEGATIONS OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT IN 
                        JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
                        PROGRAMS.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by sections 
551 through 555, is further amended, by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(i)(1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Not later than March 31, 2024, and 
annually thereafter through March 31, 2029, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on allegations of sexual misconduct, sexual 
harassment, and sex discrimination in Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps programs during the preceding year.

    ``(2) Each report required under paragraph (1) shall set forth the 
following:
            ``(A) The number of reported allegations of violations under 
        title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681 et 
        seq.) in school-affiliated Junior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps programs, including--
                    ``(i) the number of such reported allegations that 
                were investigated;
                    ``(ii) the outcome of those investigations; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 273]]

                    ``(iii) the number of such reported allegations by 
                State, the District of Columbia, or overseas location 
                where these reports occurred.
            ``(B) The number of reports that the Department of Defense 
        or armed forces have received during the reporting period 
        involving allegations of acts of violence, including sexual 
        abuse or harassment, by instructors against students in Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs, including--
                    ``(i) the offense involved;
                    ``(ii) the armed force involved;
                    ``(iii) the number of instructors and number of 
                allegations each instructor received;
                    ``(iv) the number of reports of sexual misconduct 
                and harassment that have been investigated;
                    ``(v) the number of reports or investigations that 
                have led to the removal of an instructor from a Junior 
                Reserve Officers' Training Corps program; and
                    ``(vi) the number of such reported allegations by 
                State, the District of Columbia, or overseas location 
                where these reports occurred.
            ``(C) Any steps the Department of Defense has taken to 
        mitigate sexual misconduct and harassment in Junior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps programs during the preceding year.

    ``(3) Each report required under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
unclassified form and may not be designated as controlled unclassified 
information.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Compliance.>>  The Secretary shall annually report to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives regarding compliance with this subsection by the Junior 
Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs, including an up-to-date 
report on the Secretary's monitoring of such compliance.''.

                      Subtitle G--Member Education

SEC. 561. SERVICE ACADEMIES: NUMBERS OF NOMINATIONS BY MEMBERS OF 
                        CONGRESS AND APPOINTMENTS BY THE 
                        SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7442 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter following paragraph 
        (10), by striking ``10 persons'' and inserting ``15 persons''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(5), by striking ``150'' and inserting 
        ``200''.

    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8454 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter following paragraph 
        (10), by striking ``10 persons'' and inserting ``15 persons''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(5), by striking ``150'' and inserting 
        ``200''.

    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9442 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), in the matter following paragraph 
        (10), by striking ``10 persons'' and inserting ``15 persons''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(5), by striking ``150'' and inserting 
        ``200''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 274]]

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 7442 note.>>  Applicability.--The amendments made 
by this section shall apply to nominations of candidates and 
appointments to the Service Academies (as such term is defined in 
section 347 of title 10, United States Code) for classes entering such 
Service Academies beginning with the 2025-2026 academic year.
SEC. 562. INCREASE IN THE NUMBER OF NOMINEES FROM GUAM TO THE 
                        SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7442 of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by section 561, is further amended, in 
subsection (a)(8), by striking ``Four'' and inserting ``Five''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8454 of title 10, United 
States Code, as amended by section 561, is further amended, in 
subsection (a)(8), by striking ``Four'' and inserting ``Five''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9442 of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by section 561, is further amended, in 
subsection (a)(8), by striking ``Four'' and inserting ``Five''.
SEC. 563. <<NOTE: Requirement. 10 USC 7446 note.>>  CONSIDERATION 
                        OF STANDARDIZED TEST SCORES IN MILITARY 
                        SERVICE ACADEMY APPLICATION PROCESS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the United States 
Military Academy, the United States Naval Academy, and the United States 
Air Force Academy require the submission and consideration of 
standardized test scores as part of the application process.
SEC. 564. SERVICE ACADEMY PROFESSIONAL SPORTS PATHWAY REPORT AND 
                        LEGISLATIVE PROPOSAL REQUIRED.

    (a) Legislative Proposal.--Not later than March 1, 2024, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report including the 
following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  A legislative proposal that 
        would--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Update.>>  update and clarify the 
                legislative framework related to the ability of Service 
                Academy graduates to pursue employment as a professional 
                athlete prior to serving at least 5 years on active 
                duty; and
                    (B) retain the existing requirement that all Service 
                Academy graduates must serve for 2 years on active duty 
                before affiliating with the reserves to pursue 
                employment as a professional athlete.
            (2) A description of amendments to current law that would be 
        necessary to implement the legislative proposal described under 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 7448 note.>>  Report Required.--Not later than 
March 1, 2024, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report that includes the following information:
            (1) The name, covered Armed Force, and sport of each Service 
        Academy graduate released or deferred from active service in 
        order to participate in professional sports.
            (2) A description of the sports career progress of each 
        participant, such as drafted, signed, released, or returned to 
        service in a covered Armed Force.

[[Page 137 STAT. 275]]

            (3) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary by participant of 
        marketing strategy and recruiting related activities conducted.
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessments. Determination.>>  A description by 
        participant of the assessments conducted by the military 
        services to determine the recruiting value associated with 
        approved releases from active duty.
            (5) The current status of each participant, including, as 
        appropriate, affiliated franchise.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means the Army, Navy, 
        Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force.
            (2) The term ``Service Academy'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 347 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 565. BRIEFING ON INCLUSION OF ADVANCED RESEARCH PROGRAMS AT 
                        CERTAIN INSTITUTIONS OF PROFESSIONAL 
                        MILITARY EDUCATION.

    Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  later than April 1, 2024, the President of 
the National Defense University, the Commandant of the United States 
Army Command and General Staff College, the Commandant of the Army War 
College, the President of the Naval War College, and the Commander of 
the Air University shall each provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on--
            (1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the current requirements 
        and outcomes for wargaming and force structure recommendations 
        resulting from activities conducted under existing advanced 
        research programs; and
            (2) the feasibility and advisability of establishing a 
        permanent advanced research program at the institution of 
        professional military education concerned.

               Subtitle H--Member Training and Transition

SEC. 571. AMENDMENTS TO PATHWAYS FOR COUNSELING IN THE TRANSITION 
                        ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 1142(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``Disability'' and 
        inserting ``Potential or confirmed disability''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``Character'' and 
        inserting ``Potential or confirmed character''.
SEC. 572. SKILLBRIDGE: STAFFING; BUDGETING; OUTREACH; REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``The Secretary 
                concerned''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:

    ``(B) The Secretary of a military department shall carry out one or 
more programs under this subsection.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraphs:

[[Page 137 STAT. 276]]

    ``(3) To carry out this subsection, the Secretary concerned shall--
            ``(A) assign not fewer than two full-time equivalent 
        positions; and
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Funding plans.>>  develop for each fiscal year 
        a funding plan that includes funding lines across the future-
        years defense program under section 221 of this title.

    ``(4) For any program under this subsection, the Secretary concerned 
shall, on an annual basis--
            ``(A) circulate, to members serving on active duty under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary concerned, information about the 
        program (including eligibility requirements and the application 
        process); and
            ``(B) conduct outreach to inform potential employers about 
        Skillbridge, participating members, and how the program 
        operates, and to increase the number of, and types of, employers 
        that hire program participants.''.

    (b) GAO Report.--Not later than July 1, 2024, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report regarding 
Skillbridge. Such report shall include the following:
            (1) The extent to which members of the Armed Forces have 
        participated in the Skillbridge program, including the 
        characteristics of such personnel and completed internships.
            (2) <<NOTE: Processes.>>  The process by which the Secretary 
        of Defense determines that a member of the Armed Forces is 
        eligible to participate in Skillbridge.
            (3) The extent to which the process described in paragraph 
        (2) and guidance prescribed by the Secretary regarding 
        Skillbridge incorporate relevant Federal ethics rules regarding 
        internships.
            (4) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  The number of members, 
        disaggregated by rank, who participated in Skillbridge in each 
        of fiscal years 2019 through 2023.
            (5) The number of members described in paragraph (4) who 
        received full-time offers of employment from the participating 
        employer upon completion of an internship under Skillbridge.
            (6) Any other information the Comptroller General determines 
        appropriate.
SEC. 573. EXTENSION OF TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS PROGRAM TO THE JOB 
                        CORPS.

    Section 1154 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``; 
                      or'' and inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:
                    ``(C) a Job Corps center as defined in section 147 
                of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                U.S.C. 3197).''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3)--

[[Page 137 STAT. 277]]

                          (i) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``; or'' 
                      and inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:
                    ``(D) a Job Corps center as defined in section 147 
                of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 
                U.S.C. 3197).'';
            (2) in subsection (d)(4)(A)(ii), by inserting ``or Job Corps 
        centers'' after ``secondary schools''; and
            (3) in subsection (e)(2)(E), by inserting ``or Job Corps 
        center'' after ``secondary school''.
SEC. 574. TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS PROGRAM: EXPANSION; EXTENSION.

    Section 1154 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
573, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
                the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(C) as administrators and instructors of the 
                Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps under section 
                2031(d) of this title.''; and
            (2) in subsection (k), by striking ``2025'' and inserting 
        ``2027''.
SEC. 575. LANGUAGE TRAINING CENTERS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES AND CIVILIAN EMPLOYEES OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 529 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2001 note prec.) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``may carry out a 
        program'' and inserting ``shall carry out a program'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Grants.>>  Contract Authority.--The Secretary of 
Defense may enter into one or more contracts, cooperative agreements, or 
grants with private national organizations having an expertise in 
foreign languages, area studies, and other international fields, for the 
awarding of grants to accredited universities, senior military colleges, 
or other similar institutions of higher education to establish and 
maintain language training centers authorized by subsection (a).''; and
            (4) in subsection (f), as redesignated by paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``one year after the date of the 
                establishment of the program authorized by subsection 
                (a)'' and inserting ``180 days after the date of the 
                enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2024'';
                    (B) by striking ``report on the program'' and 
                inserting ``report on the Language Training Center 
                program'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5);

[[Page 137 STAT. 278]]

                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Assessment. Time period.>>  An assessment of 
        the resources required to carry out the Language Training Center 
        program by year through fiscal year 2027.''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``A recommendation whether 
                the program should be continued and, if so, 
                recommendations as to any modifications of the program'' 
                and inserting ``Recommendations as to any modifications 
                to the Language Training Center program''.
SEC. 576. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FEDERAL FUNDS TO ENDORSE CRITICAL 
                        RACE THEORY.

    (a) Prohibition.--No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
may be used to endorse critical race theory--
            (1) at an academic institution operated by the Department of 
        Defense;
            (2) in training provided to a member of the Armed Forces; or
            (3) in professional military education.

    (b) Protection of Academic Freedom.--Nothing in this section shall 
be construed to supersede the institutional autonomy or academic freedom 
of instructors involved in the selection of textbooks, supplemental 
materials, or other classroom materials, or in the preparation or 
presentation of classroom instruction or lectures.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``critical race theory'' 
means the theory that individuals, by virtue of race, ethnicity, color, 
or national origin, bear collective guilt and are inherently responsible 
for actions committed in the past by other individuals of such race, 
ethnicity, color, or national origin.
SEC. 577. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 7013 note.>>  INCREASED 
                        FITNESS STANDARDS FOR ARMY CLOSE COMBAT 
                        FORCE MILITARY OCCUPATIONAL SPECIALTIES.

    (a) Implementation.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall implement 
increased minimum fitness standards as part of the Army Combat Fitness 
Test for all soldiers of the following military occupational specialties 
or areas of concentration:
            (1) 11A.
            (2) 11B.
            (3) 11C.
            (4) 11Z.
            (5) 12A.
            (6) 12B.
            (7) 13A.
            (8) 13F.
            (9) 18A.
            (10) 18B.
            (11) 18C.
            (12) 18D.
            (13) 18E.
            (14) 18F.
            (15) 18Z.
            (16) 19A.
            (17) 19C.
            (18) 19D.

[[Page 137 STAT. 279]]

            (19) 19K.
            (20) 19Z.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 365 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army provide a briefing to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives describing the methodology used to establish standards 
under subsection (a).
SEC. 578. <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  PUBLICATION OF TRAINING MATERIALS 
                        OF THE DEFENSE EQUAL OPPORTUNITY 
                        MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE.

    Not later than September 30, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall 
publish all materials created by the Defense Equal Opportunity 
Management Institute for the purpose of training members of the Armed 
Forces on the website of such Institute.
SEC. 579. PROHIBITION ON FEDERAL FUNDS FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE COUNTERING EXTREMISM WORK GROUP.

    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be used to 
fund the Department of Defense Countering Extremism Working Group 
established by the Secretary of Defense memorandum on April 9, 2021.

    Subtitle I--Family Programs, Child Care, and Dependent Education

SEC. 581. NON-MEDICAL COUNSELING SERVICES FOR MILITARY FAMILIES.

    Section 1781 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Non-medical Counseling Services.--(1) In carrying out its 
duties under subsection (b), the Office may coordinate programs and 
activities to provide non-medical counseling services to military 
families through the Department of Defense Military and Family Life 
Counseling Program.
    ``(2) A mental health care professional described in paragraph (3) 
may provide non-medical counseling services at any location in a State, 
the District of Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United 
States, without regard to where the professional or recipient of such 
services is located or delivery of such services is provided (including 
face-to-face and telehealth), if the provision of such services is 
within the scope of the authorized Federal duties of the professional.
    ``(3) A non-medical mental health professional described in this 
subsection is a person who is--
            ``(A) a currently licensed mental health care provider who 
        holds a license that is--
                    ``(i) issued by a State, the District of Columbia, 
                or a territory or possession of the United States; and
                    ``(ii) recognized by the Secretary of Defense as an 
                appropriate license for the provision of non-medical 
                counseling services;
            ``(B) a member of the armed forces, a civilian employee of 
        the Department of Defense, or a contractor designated by the 
        Secretary; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 280]]

            ``(C) performing authorized duties for the Department of 
        Defense under a program or activity referred to in paragraph 
        (1).

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  The authority under this 
subsection shall terminate three years after the date of the enactment 
of this subsection.

    ``(5) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this subsection, the term `non-
medical counseling services' means mental health care services that are 
non-clinical, short-term and solution focused, and address topics 
related to personal growth, development, and positive functioning.''.
SEC. 582. INCREASE IN THE TARGET FUNDING LEVEL FOR MILITARY CHILD 
                        CARE.

    Section 1791 of title 10, United States Code, is amended, in 
subsection (a), by inserting ``115 percent of'' after ``not less than''.
SEC. 583. MODIFICATIONS TO ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL 
                        AGENCIES THAT BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WITH 
                        ENROLLMENT CHANGES DUE TO BASE CLOSURES, 
                        FORCE STRUCTURE CHANGES, OR FORCE 
                        RELOCATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 575 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 20 U.S.C. 
7703d) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``year, the local educational 
                agency'' and all that follows through ``(as determined'' 
                and inserting ``year, the local educational agency had 
                (as determined'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (C) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as 
                paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively, and by moving such 
                paragraphs, as so redesignated, two ems to the left; and
                    (D) in paragraph (2), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (C), by striking ``; or'' and inserting a 
                period;
            (2) by striking subsection (h); and
            (3) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing Required.--Not later than March 1, 
2024, the Director of the Department of Defense Education Activity shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing on--
            (1) any additional authorities that would be helpful to the 
        Activity in its efforts to better support local educational 
        agencies; and
            (2) the amounts and types of any financial assistance 
        provided to local educational agencies under section 575 of the 
        James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 20 U.S.C. 7703d) as of the date 
        of the briefing.
SEC. 584. CERTAIN ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT 
                        BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MILITARY AND 
                        CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    (a) Continuation of Authority to Assist Local Educational Agencies 
That Benefit Dependents of Members of the Armed Forces and Department of 
Defense Civilian Employees.--
            (1) Assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
        military dependent students.--Of the amount authorized

[[Page 137 STAT. 281]]

        to be appropriated for fiscal year 2024 by section 301 and 
        available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
        activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
        $50,000,000 shall be available only for the purpose of providing 
        assistance to local educational agencies under subsection (a) of 
        section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
            (2) Local educational agency defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

    (b) <<NOTE: Payments.>>  Impact Aid for Children With Severe 
Disabilities.--
            (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        for fiscal year 2024 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
        operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
        specified in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 
        shall be available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd 
        D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 
        1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
            (2) Additional amount.--Of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2024 pursuant to section 301 and 
        available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
        activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
        $10,000,000 shall be available for use by the Secretary of 
        Defense to make payments to local educational agencies 
        determined by the Secretary to have higher concentrations of 
        military children with severe disabilities.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline. Evaluation. Determination.>>  
        Briefing.--Not later than March 31, 2024, the Secretary shall 
        provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a briefing on the Secretary's 
        evaluation of each local educational agency with higher 
        concentrations of military children with severe disabilities and 
        the subsequent determination of the Secretary with respect to 
        the amounts of impact aid each such agency shall receive.
SEC. 585. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 1791.>>  OUTREACH CAMPAIGN 
                        RELATING TO WAITING LISTS FOR MILITARY 
                        CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS; ANNUAL 
                        BRIEFING.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
develop a campaign to conduct outreach, not less than once every six 
months, to inform individuals eligible for child care services under 
chapter 88 of title 10, United States Code, including child care 
employees--
            (1) how to--
                    (A) join a waiting list for child care services at a 
                military child development center; and
                    (B) check the position of such an individual on such 
                waiting list; and
            (2) of--
                    (A) what factors affect positions on such waiting 
                list;
                    (B) the process to prioritize such individuals to 
                receive child care services at a military child 
                development center;
                    (C) the fee schedule for child care services at a 
                military child development center; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 282]]

                    (D) options for child care services available to 
                such individuals other than military child development 
                centers, including pilot programs at the duty station of 
                such member, if applicable.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Annual Briefing.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and on an 
annual basis thereafter for five years, the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a briefing that includes, for each 
military department--
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of the five military 
        installations with the longest waiting lists for child care 
        services at military child development centers; and
            (2) the number of classrooms for child care services, 
        disaggregated by military installation, closed during the period 
        covered by the briefing due to--
                    (A) insufficient staffing; or
                    (B) issues relating to maintenance.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``child care employee'' 
and ``military child development center'' have the meanings given such 
terms in section 1800 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 586. BRIEFINGS ON PILOT PROGRAM ON HIRING OF SPECIAL NEEDS 
                        INCLUSION COORDINATORS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTERS.

    Section 576(d) of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 10 U.S.C. 1792 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting, after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Briefings on 
        implementation.--Beginning on January 31, 2024, until the 
        termination of the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives a biannual briefing on the 
        implementation of the pilot program. Each such briefing shall 
        include the following:
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Processes.>>  The process for 
                selecting child development centers under subsection 
                (b).
                    ``(B) How a special needs inclusion coordinator 
                hired under the pilot program coordinates with the head 
                of the child development center concerned and the 
                commander of the military installation concerned.
                    ``(C) How many special needs inclusion coordinators 
                have been hired under the pilot program.''.
SEC. 587. BRIEFINGS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF UNIVERSAL PRE-
                        KINDERGARTEN PROGRAMS IN SCHOOLS OPERATED 
                        BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                        ACTIVITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Quarterly Briefings 
Required.--Not later than January 30, 2024, and on a quarterly basis 
thereafter until December 31, 2027, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing on the progress of the Secretary in 
implementing universal pre-kindergarten programs in schools operated by 
the Department of Defense Education Activity.

[[Page 137 STAT. 283]]

    (b) Contents of Initial Briefing.--The initial briefing under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) identification of all locations under the jurisdiction 
        of the Department of Defense at which universal pre-kindergarten 
        programs and child development centers are co-located; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  an estimate of the number of 
        children expected to transfer from child development centers to 
        pre-kindergarten programs as a result of such programs being 
        offered.

    (c) Contents of Subsequent Briefings.--Following the initial 
briefing under subsection (a), each subsequent briefing shall include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  the total anticipated costs of funding 
        universal pre-kindergarten programs in schools operated by the 
        Department of Defense Education Activity;
            (2) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  the estimated differential 
        between the cost of caring for a child in a child development 
        center versus the cost of a child's participation in a pre-
        kindergarten program;
            (3) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  the estimated differential 
        between the costs of employing caregivers in child development 
        centers versus the costs of employing teachers in pre-
        kindergarten programs;
            (4) the child-to-caregiver ratio requirements for child 
        development centers versus the child-to-teacher ratio 
        requirements for pre-kindergarten programs;
            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  a needs assessment of facilities 
        for universal pre-kindergarten programs based on anticipated 
        capacity;
            (6) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of the availability 
        of teachers for pre-kindergarten programs; and
            (7) an indication of whether, and to what extent, members of 
        the Armed Forces have expressed a preference for enrolling their 
        children in pre-kindergarten programs rather than continuing 
        care for such children in child development centers.
SEC. 588. REPORT ON MENTAL HEALTH AND WELLNESS SUPPORT FOR 
                        STUDENTS ENROLLED IN SCHOOLS OPERATED BY 
                        THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                        ACTIVITY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2024, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on programs and policies to 
support mental health and wellness among students in schools operated by 
the Department of Defense Education Activity (referred to in this 
section as ``DODEA Schools'').
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of the mental health and wellness 
        resources available to students enrolled in DODEA schools.
            (2) <<NOTE: Overview.>>  An overview of policies and 
        procedures in place in DODEA schools to ensure that students are 
        regularly screened for mental health and wellness.
            (3) <<NOTE: Overview.>>  An overview of policies and 
        procedures in place in DODEA schools for administrators and 
        teachers to communicate and coordinate with parents and 
        guardians of students in such schools in cases in which students 
        have a demonstrated need for mental health and wellness support.
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Any recommendations for 
        new policies, programs, or resources to improve mental health 
        and wellness support for students enrolled in DODEA schools.

[[Page 137 STAT. 284]]

            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of conducting a pilot program to detail 
        licensed medical health care providers under the control of the 
        Defense Health Agency to DODEA schools in order to improve 
        mental health and wellness care for students enrolled in such 
        schools.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines to 
        be relevant and appropriate for inclusion in the report.

    (c) Mental Health and Wellness Considerations.--In considering 
student mental health and wellness for purposes of this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall, at a minimum, take into account the 
following conditions:
            (1) Depression.
            (2) Suicidal ideation.
            (3) Anxiety.
            (4) Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
            (5) Eating disorders.
            (6) Substance abuse.
            (7) Dual diagnosis conditions.
SEC. 589. RIGHTS OF PARENTS OF CHILDREN ATTENDING SCHOOLS OPERATED 
                        BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                        ACTIVITY.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 108 of title 10, United States 
Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 2161.>>  is amended by inserting after 
section 2164 the following new section:
``Sec. 2164a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2164a.>>  Rights of parents of 
                    children attending schools operated by the 
                    Department of Defense Education Activity

    ``(a) In General.--The parent of a child who attends a school 
operated by the Department of Defense Education Activity has the 
following rights:
            ``(1) The right to review the curriculum of the school.
            ``(2) The right to be informed if the school or the 
        Department of Defense Education Activity alters the school's 
        academic standards or learning benchmarks.
            ``(3) The right to meet with each teacher of their child not 
        less than twice during each school year.
            ``(4) The right to review all instructional materials used 
        by their students.
            ``(5) The right to inspect a list of the books and other 
        reading materials contained in the library of the school.
            ``(6) The right to address the school advisory committee or 
        the school board.
            ``(7) The right to data about the school's discipline policy 
        and any disciplinary action that results in a suspension or 
        expulsion from the school, unless such disclosure is prohibited 
        by law.
            ``(8) The right to information about any plans to eliminate 
        gifted and talented programs or accelerated coursework at the 
        school.

    ``(b) Disclosures and Notifications.--Consistent with the parental 
rights specified in subsection (a) and except as provided by subsection 
(c), a school operated by the Department of Defense Education Activity 
shall--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  post on a 
        publicly accessible website of the school--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Curriculum.>>  the curriculum for each 
                course and grade level;

[[Page 137 STAT. 285]]

                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Standards.>>  the academic standards 
                or other learning benchmarks used by the school; and
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Notice. Records.>>  notice of any 
                proposed revisions to such standards or benchmarks and a 
                copy of any such revisions;
            ``(2) provide the parent of a child attending the school 
        with--
                    ``(A) the opportunity to meet in person with each 
                teacher of their child not less frequently than twice 
                during each school year at a time mutually agreed upon 
                by both parties; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  notice of such opportunity 
                at the beginning of each school year;
            ``(3) provide parents access to the online school library 
        catalog;
            ``(4) notify parents in a timely manner of any plans to 
        eliminate gifted and talented programs or accelerated coursework 
        at the school;
            ``(5) except as provided by paragraph (6) or subsection (c), 
        notify parents of any medical examinations or screenings the 
        school may administer to their child and receive written consent 
        from parents for any such examination or screening prior to 
        conducting the examination or screening;
            ``(6) in the event of an emergency that requires a medical 
        examination or screening without time for parental notification, 
        promptly notify parents of such examination or screening and 
        provide an explanation of the emergency that prevented 
        notification prior to such examination or screening; and
            ``(7) notify parents of any medical information that will be 
        collected on their child, receive written parental consent prior 
        to collecting such information, and provide parents an 
        opportunity to inspect such information at the parent's request.

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Exceptions.--(1) Paragraph (5) of 
subsection (a) and paragraph (3) of subsection (b) shall not be 
effective until the day that is two years after the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2024.

    ``(2) A requirement set forth in subsection (b) shall not apply in a 
case in which the requirement would violate any applicable provision of 
a Federal or State statute or regulation.
    ``(d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  School Advisory Committees and 
Boards.--Not less frequently than four times per year, a school advisory 
committee or school board for a school operated by the Department of 
Defense Education Activity shall provide parents of children attending 
the school with the opportunity to address the advisory committee or 
school board on any matters relating to the school or the educational 
services provided to their children.

    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `medical examination or screening'--
                    ``(A) means a physical examination provided by a 
                health care provider; and
                    ``(B) does not include an evaluation by, or an 
                encounter with, non-clinical school staff.
            ``(2) The term `school' means--
                    ``(A) a Department of Defense domestic dependent 
                elementary or secondary school, as described in section 
                2164 of this title; or

[[Page 137 STAT. 286]]

                    ``(B) any elementary or secondary school or program 
                for dependents operated by the Department of Defense 
                Education Activity.''.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act and consistent with section 2164a of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the parental rights specified in such 
section. The report shall include, with respect to the schools operated 
by the Department of Defense Education Activity, an explanation of--
            (1) how and where a parent may access information about 
        their rights;
            (2) the accessibility of that information;
            (3) how such schools inform parents of their rights and the 
        means to access such rights; and
            (4) the uniformity of parental rights across such schools.

Subtitle J--Decorations and Awards and Other Personnel Matters, Reports, 
                              and Briefings

SEC. 591. ARMED FORCES WORKPLACE SURVEYS.

    Subsection (c) of section 481 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (4), (5), and (6), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Indicators of the assault (including unwanted sexual 
        contact) that give reason to believe that the victim was 
        targeted, or discriminated against, or both, for a status in a 
        group.''.
SEC. 592. DUE DATE FOR REPORT ON EFFORTS TO PREVENT AND RESPOND TO 
                        DEATHS BY SUICIDE IN THE NAVY.

    Section 599A(c) of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263) is amended 
by striking ``180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
inserting ``September 30, 2024''.
SEC. 593. EXTENSION OF DEADLINE FOR REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR 
                        MEDALS.

    Section 584(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 7271 note) is amended by 
striking ``six years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2028''.
SEC. 594. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  DIGITAL AMBASSADOR PROGRAM 
                        OF THE NAVY: CESSATION; REPORT; RESTART.

    (a) Cessation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall cease all activities 
of the digital ambassador program of the Office of Information of the 
Department of the Navy. The <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Secretary shall 
notify each individual designated as a digital ambassador of such 
cessation and that the individual is not authorized to act as a digital 
ambassador of the Navy.

[[Page 137 STAT. 287]]

    (b) Restart.--The Secretary may not restart such program until 60 
days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
containing the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Policies.>>  All policies and documents of the 
        program.
            (2) The number of digital ambassadors designated.
            (3) <<NOTE: Processes. Criteria.>>  The process and criteria 
        for such designation.
            (4) The duties of a digital ambassador.
            (5) The online platforms (including social media) on which 
        an individual is authorized under such program to perform duties 
        of a digital ambassador.
            (6) <<NOTE: Determination. Compliance.>>  The determination 
        of the Secretary that such program complies with applicable 
        laws, regulations, and guidance.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

              Subtitle A--Basic Pay, Retired Pay, and Leave

Sec. 601. Parental leave parity for members of certain reserve 
           components of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 602. Pay of members of reserve components for inactive-duty 
           training to obtain or maintain an aeronautical rating or 
           designation.
Sec. 603. Expansion of authority to pay a member of the Armed Forces who 
           is absent without leave or over leave for such absence.

                  Subtitle B--Bonus and Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. Expansion of continuation pay eligibility.
Sec. 612. Modification of special and incentive pay authorities for 
           members of reserve components.
Sec. 613. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.
Sec. 614. Authorization of monthly bonus pay for a junior member of the 
           uniformed services during calendar year 2024.
Sec. 615. Determination of cold weather location for purposes of special 
           duty pay.
Sec. 616. Feasibility study regarding assignment incentive pay for 
           members of the Air Force assigned to remotely piloted 
           aircraft.

                         Subtitle C--Allowances

Sec. 621. Modification of calculation of gross household income for 
           basic needs allowance to address areas of demonstrated need.
Sec. 622. Improved calculation of basic allowance for housing for junior 
           enlisted members.
Sec. 623. Basic allowance for housing for members assigned to vessels 
           undergoing maintenance.
Sec. 624. Dual basic allowance for housing for training.
Sec. 625. Cost-of-living allowance in the continental United States: 
           high cost areas.
Sec. 626. Family separation allowance: increase; review.
Sec. 627. OCONUS cost-of-living allowance: adjustments.
Sec. 628. Extension of one-time uniform allowance for officers who 
           transfer to the Space Force.

                Subtitle D--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 631. Modifications to transitional compensation for dependents of 
           members separated for dependent abuse.
Sec. 632. Lodging expenses for dependents of members separated for 
           dependent abuse.
Sec. 633. Access to commissary and exchange privileges for remarried 
           surviving spouses.
Sec. 634. Assistance for military spouses to obtain certifications as 
           doulas and International Board Certified Lactation 
           Consultants.
Sec. 635. Expansion of qualifying events for which a member of the 
           uniformed services may be reimbursed for spousal relicensing 
           or business costs due to the member's relocation.

[[Page 137 STAT. 288]]

              Subtitle A--Basic Pay, Retired Pay, and Leave

SEC. 601. PARENTAL LEAVE PARITY FOR MEMBERS OF CERTAIN RESERVE 
                        COMPONENTS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Parental Leave.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 40 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 710 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 711. <<NOTE: 10 USC 711.>>  Parental leave for members of 
                certain reserve components of the armed forces

    ``(a)(1) <<NOTE: Regulations. Time period.>>  Under regulations 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, a member of a reserve component 
of the armed forces described in subsection (b) is allowed parental 
leave for a duration of up to 12 inactive-duty training periods, under 
section 206 of title 37, during the one-year period beginning after the 
following events:
            ``(A) the birth or adoption of a child of the member and to 
        care for such child; or
            ``(B) the placement of a minor child with the member for 
        adoption or long-term foster care.

    ``(2)(A) The Secretary concerned, under uniform regulations to be 
prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, may authorize leave described 
under subparagraph (A) to be taken after the one-year period described 
in subparagraph (A) in the case of a member described in subsection (b) 
who, except for this subparagraph, would lose unused parental leave at 
the end of the one-year period described in subparagraph (A) as a result 
of--
            ``(i) operational requirements;
            ``(ii) professional military education obligations; or
            ``(iii) other circumstances that the Secretary determines 
        reasonable and appropriate.

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Requirement. Determination.>>  The regulations 
prescribed under clause (i) shall require that any leave authorized to 
be taken after the one-year period described in subparagraph (A) shall 
be taken within a reasonable period of time, as determined by the 
Secretary of Defense, after cessation of the circumstances warranting 
the extended deadline.;

    ``(b) A member described in this subsection is a member of the Army, 
Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, or Space Force who is a member of--
            ``(1) the selected reserve who is entitled to compensation 
        under section 206 of title 37; or
            ``(2) the individual ready reserve who is entitled to 
        compensation under section 206 of title 37 when attending or 
        participating in a sufficient number of periods of inactive-duty 
        training during a year to count the year as a qualifying year of 
        creditable service toward eligibility for retired pay.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 40 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
        701.>>  amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
        710 the following new item:

``711. Parental leave for members of the reserve component of the armed 
           forces.''.

    (b) Compensation.--Section 206(a) of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:

[[Page 137 STAT. 289]]

            ``(4) for a regular period of instruction, period of 
        appropriate duty, or such other equivalent training that a 
        member would be required to perform but does not perform because 
        such member was authorized to take parental leave pursuant to 
        section 711 of title 10.''.

    (c) Contribution of Leave Toward Entitlement to Retired Pay.--
Section 12732(a)(2)(G) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``12 per period'' and all that follows through the end of the 
sentence and inserting the following: ``1 per inactive-duty training 
period, under section 206 of title 37, during which the member is on 
parental leave under section 711 of this title.''.
    (d) Credit for Retired Pay Purposes.--Section 602(b) of the William 
M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2021 (Public Law 116-283; 10 U.S.C. 12732 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``maternity leave'' and 
        all that follows through ``birth of a child'' and inserting 
        ``parental leave described in section 12732(a)(2)(G) of title 
        10, United States Code, taken by a member of the reserve 
        components of the Armed Forces'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``maternity leave'' and 
        all that follows through ``childbirth event'' and inserting 
        ``parental leave taken by the member''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``maternity leave'' each 
        place it appears and inserting ``parental leave''.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 711 note.>>  Effective Date.--This section and 
the amendments made by this section shall take effect on October 1, 
2024, and apply with respect to periods of parental leave that commence 
on or after such date.
SEC. 602. PAY OF MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS FOR INACTIVE-DUTY 
                        TRAINING TO OBTAIN OR MAINTAIN AN 
                        AERONAUTICAL RATING OR DESIGNATION.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 206 the following new section:
``Sec. 206a. <<NOTE: 37 USC 206a.>>  Pay of members of reserve 
                  components for inactive-duty training to obtain 
                  or maintain an aeronautical rating or 
                  designation

    ``Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary concerned, a member 
of the National Guard or a member of a reserve component of a uniformed 
service who is receiving aviation incentive pay under section 334(a) of 
this title and is entitled to compensation under section 206 of this 
title is entitled to such compensation for a number of periods of 
inactive-duty training each month sufficient for the member to obtain or 
maintain an aeronautical rating or designation.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 3 of such title <<NOTE: 37 USC prec. 201.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 206 the following new item:

``206a. Pay of members of reserve components for inactive-duty training 
           to obtain or maintain an aeronautical rating or 
           designation.''.

SEC. 603. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PAY A MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES WHO IS ABSENT WITHOUT LEAVE OR OVER 
                        LEAVE FOR SUCH ABSENCE.

    Section 503(a) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 290]]

            (1) by striking ``A member'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to 
        paragraph (2), a member''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):

    ``(2)(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In the case of a member of the 
Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, Space Force, or Coast Guard when it 
is operating as service in the Department of the Navy, the Secretary of 
Defense may determine to pay the pay and allowances described in 
paragraph (1).

    ``(B) The Secretary may not delegate the authority to make a 
determination under subparagraph (A).
    ``(C) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Not later than 30 days after determining 
to pay any pay or allowance under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report regarding such determination.''.

                  Subtitle B--Bonus and Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. EXPANSION OF CONTINUATION PAY ELIGIBILITY.

    (a) Continuation Pay: Full TSP Members With 8 to 12 Years of 
Service.--Section 356 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``8'' and inserting 
        ``7''; and
            (2) in subsections (a)(1) and (d), by striking ``8'' and 
        inserting ``7''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 5 of such title is <<NOTE: 37 USC prec. 301.>>  amended by 
striking the item relating to section 356 and inserting the following 
new item:

``356. Continuation pay: full TSP members with 7 to 12 years of 
           service.''.

SEC. 612. MODIFICATION OF SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAY AUTHORITIES 
                        FOR MEMBERS OF RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 357 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``incentive pay'' and inserting ``special or 
        incentive pay'';
            (2) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``if the 
        Secretary concerned is paying the member of the reserve 
        component the special or incentive pay for the purpose of--''; 
        and
            (3) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(1) maintaining a skill certification or proficiency 
        identical to a skill certification or proficiency required of 
        the member in the regular component; or
            ``(2) compensating the member of the reserve component for 
        exposure to hazards or risks identical to hazards or risks to 
        which the member in the regular component was exposed.''.

    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendment.--The section heading for section 
        357 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking 
        ``Incentive'' and inserting ``Special and incentive''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 291]]

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections for chapter 5 
        of such title is <<NOTE: 37 USC prec. 301.>>  amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 357 and inserting the 
        following new item:

``357. Special and incentive pay authorities for members of the reserve 
           components of the armed forces.''.

    (c) Modification of Implementation Determination.--Section 602(d) of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 
117-81; 37 U.S.C. 357 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B), respectively, and by moving such subparagraphs, as 
        so redesignated, two ems to the right;
            (2) by striking ``The Secretary may'' and inserting the 
        following:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall'';
            (3) in subparagraph (A), as redesignated by paragraph (1), 
        by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)''; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Evaluation of types of special and incentive 
        pay. <<NOTE: Evaluation.>> --In making the determination and 
        certification described in paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary shall 
        evaluate each type or category of special and incentive pay 
        separately and may make the determination and certification 
        based on the effect on an Armed Force concerned of a particular 
        type or category of special or incentive pay.''.
SEC. 613. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
                        PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of title 
37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments for 
reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2023'' and inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--The 
following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2023'' and inserting ``December 31, 2024'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
        accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected 
        Reserve.

    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2023'' and inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2023'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2024'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.

[[Page 137 STAT. 292]]

            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
        and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (7)(E), relating to an area covered by a 
        major disaster declaration or containing an installation 
        experiencing an influx of military personnel, by striking 
        ``December 31, 2023'' and inserting ``December 31, 2024''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (C) of paragraph (8), relating 
        to an area where actual housing costs differ from current rates 
        by more than 20 percent, and inserting the following:

    ``(C) <<NOTE: Expiration date.>>  This paragraph shall cease to be 
effective on December 31, 2024.''.
SEC. 614. <<NOTE: 37 USC 301 note.>>  AUTHORIZATION OF MONTHLY 
                        BONUS PAY FOR A JUNIOR MEMBER OF THE 
                        UNIFORMED SERVICES DURING CALENDAR YEAR 
                        2024.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date. Determination.>>  Authorization.--
Beginning on January 1, 2024, if the Secretary concerned determines that 
prevailing economic conditions may adversely affect an eligible member, 
the Secretary concerned may pay a monthly bonus to each eligible member.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Amount of Pay.--Each bonus payment 
under this section shall be in an amount equal to a percentage, 
determined by the Secretary concerned, of the rate--
            (1) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  in effect on December 31, 
        2023; and
            (2) of, for an eligible member--
                    (A) pay under section 204 of title 37, United States 
                Code; or
                    (B) compensation under section 206 of title 37, 
                United States Code.

    (c) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Bonus pay paid to an 
eligible member under this section is in addition to any other pay and 
allowances to which the eligible member is entitled.
    (d) Termination.--No bonus may be paid under this section after 
December 31, 2024.
    (e) Eligible Member Defined.--In this section, the term ``eligible 
member'' means a member of the uniformed services who--
            (1) is entitled to pay or compensation described in 
        subsection (b)(2); and
            (2) is in a grade below E-6.
SEC. 615. <<NOTE: 37 USC 352 note.>>  DETERMINATION OF COLD 
                        WEATHER LOCATION FOR PURPOSES OF SPECIAL 
                        DUTY PAY.

    For purposes of special duty pay under section 352 of title 37, 
United States Code, the Secretary concerned shall determine that a duty 
station is a cold weather location if, at such duty station, the 
temperature is expected to drop below -20 F according

[[Page 137 STAT. 293]]

to the 2012 Plant Hardiness Zone Map published by the Agricultural 
Research Service of the Department of Agriculture.
SEC. 616. FEASIBILITY STUDY REGARDING ASSIGNMENT INCENTIVE PAY FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF THE AIR FORCE ASSIGNED TO 
                        REMOTELY PILOTED AIRCRAFT.

    Not <<NOTE: Reports.>>  later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on the feasibility and advisability of paying 
assignment incentive pay under section 307a of title 37, United States 
Code, to members of the Air Force assigned to remotely piloted aircraft, 
including at Creech Air Force Base. The study shall include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of the financial 
        stress experienced by such members, especially junior members 
        with families, associated with--
                    (A) the daily commute to and from the duty station;
                    (B) the unique demands of the mission to remotely 
                pilot aircraft; and
                    (C) limited access to essential services, including 
                child care, housing, and readily accessible health care; 
                and
            (2) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  the overall cost to the United States, 
        and financial relief provided by, such assignment incentive pay 
        authorized by the Secretary of the Air Force in 2008 for such 
        members.

                         Subtitle C--Allowances

SEC. 621. MODIFICATION OF CALCULATION OF GROSS HOUSEHOLD INCOME 
                        FOR BASIC NEEDS ALLOWANCE TO ADDRESS AREAS 
                        OF DEMONSTRATED NEED.

    (a) In General.--Section 402b(k)(1)(B) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``or that otherwise has a demonstrated 
need'' after ``high cost of living''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Revision. 37 USC 402b note.>>  Implementation 
Guidance.--The Secretary of Defense shall revise the guidance issued 
with respect to implementation of the basic needs allowance under 
section 402b of title 37, United States Code, to reflect the amendment 
made by subsection (a).
SEC. 622. IMPROVED CALCULATION OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR 
                        JUNIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS.

    Section 403 of title 37, United States Code, is amended, in 
subsection (b)(5), by striking ``and shall be based'' and all that 
follows and inserting a period.
SEC. 623. BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING FOR MEMBERS ASSIGNED TO 
                        VESSELS UNDERGOING MAINTENANCE.

    Section 403(f)(2) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(D)(i) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary concerned, the Secretary may authorize the payment of a basic 
allowance for housing to a member of a uniformed service without 
dependents who is serving in a pay grade below E-6 and has orders to a 
naval vessel during a shipyard availability or maintenance period.

    ``(ii) In prescribing regulations under clause (i), the Secretary 
concerned shall consider the availability of quarters for members

[[Page 137 STAT. 294]]

serving in pay grades below E-6 before authorizing the payment of a 
basic allowance for housing for such members.''.
SEC. 624. <<NOTE: Time period.>>  DUAL BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING 
                        FOR TRAINING.

    Section 403 of title 37, United States Code, as amended by sections 
622 and 623, is further amended, in subsection (g)(3), by striking 
``Paragraphs'' and inserting ``Except in the case of a member of a 
reserve component without dependents who is called or ordered to active 
duty to attend training for at least 140 days but fewer than 365 days, 
paragraphs''.
SEC. 625. COST-OF-LIVING ALLOWANCE IN THE CONTINENTAL UNITED 
                        STATES: HIGH COST AREAS.

    Section 403b(c) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the second sentence, by striking ``8 percent'' and 
        inserting ``5 percent''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``shall prescribe'' 
        and inserting ``may prescribe''.
SEC. 626. FAMILY SEPARATION ALLOWANCE: INCREASE; REVIEW.

    (a) Increase.--Section 427(a) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended, in paragraph (1), by striking ``equal to $250'' and inserting 
``of not less than $250, and not more than $400,''.
    (b) <<NOTE: President. 37 USC 1008 note.>>  Review.--In each 
quadrennial review of military compensation conducted after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and under section 1008(b) of such title, the 
President shall include--
            (1) a review of the family separation allowance under 
        section 427 of such title (or successor allowance); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the recommendation of the 
        President regarding whether to increase the amount of such 
        allowance to better compensate a member of the uniformed 
        services for separation from family during service described in 
        such paragraph.
SEC. 627. OCONUS COST-OF-LIVING ALLOWANCE: ADJUSTMENTS.

    Section 617 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263) <<NOTE: 37 USC 403b 
note.>>  is amended by striking subsections (a), (b), and (c) and 
inserting the following:

    ``(a) Reductions.--The Secretary of Defense may reduce an OCONUS 
COLA in accordance with this subsection.
            ``(1) Frequency.--The Secretary may not announce a reduction 
        to an OCONUS COLA for a location outside the continental United 
        States more than twice per calendar year.
            ``(2) Maximum reduction.--A reduction to an OCONUS COLA may 
        not exceed the lesser of--
                    ``(A) 10 OCONUS COLA index points; or
                    ``(B) the number of OCONUS COLA index points by 
                which the cost of living of the permanent duty station 
                of the covered member exceeds the average cost of living 
                index in the continental United States.
            ``(3) Limitations.--Paragraphs (1) and (2) shall not apply 
        to a reduction on the basis of--
                    ``(A) a change in the rate of exchange of foreign 
                currencies; or
                    ``(B) a permanent change of station for a covered 
                member.
            ``(4) Implementation.--The Secretary may phase in a 
        reduction under this subsection.

[[Page 137 STAT. 295]]

    ``(b) Increases.--The Secretary may increase an OCONUS COLA at any 
time.
    ``(c) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Reporting.--Not later than February 1 
of each year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report regarding 
reductions and increases to OCONUS COLAs during the previous calendar 
year. Such report shall include the following elements:
            ``(1) The areas outside the continental United States 
        subject to such a reduction or increase.
            ``(2) The previous and new amounts of an adjusted OCONUS 
        COLA for a member with three dependents, 10 years of service, 
        and in grade--
                    ``(A) E-6; and
                    ``(B) O-4.
            ``(3) The number of OCONUS COLA index points by which a new 
        OCONUS COLA index differs from such previous index.
            ``(4) The number of members of the uniformed services 
        affected by each such reduction or increase.
            ``(5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  The assessment of the Secretary 
        of the calculation of an OCONUS COLA. <<NOTE: Costs.>>  In 
        making such assessment, the Secretary shall consider factors 
        including--
                    ``(A) Costs of local transportation in the area 
                surrounding the duty station of a member.
                    ``(B) Costs of travel from such duty station to the 
                United States.
                    ``(C) Other costs the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.

    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `continental United States' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 101 of title 37, United States Code.
            ``(2) The term `covered member' means a member of the 
        uniformed services--
                    ``(A) who is assigned to a permanent duty station 
                located outside the continental United States; or
                    ``(B) whose dependents reside outside the 
                continental United States but not withing the vicinity 
                to permanent duty station of such member.
            ``(3) The term `OCONUS COLA' means a cost-of-living 
        allowance paid to a member of the uniformed services on the 
        basis that such member is a covered member.
            ``(4) The term `OCONUS COLA index' means the index computed 
        by the Secretary of the weighted average prices of goods and 
        services (excluding housing costs) in a location outside the 
        continental United States, relative to the weighted average of 
        prices of the same goods and services in the continental United 
        States.
            ``(5) The term `OCONUS COLA index point' means 1 percent of 
        the OCONUS COLA index for the weighted average prices of goods 
        and services (excluding housing costs) in a location in the 
        continental United States.''.
SEC. 628. EXTENSION OF ONE-TIME UNIFORM ALLOWANCE FOR OFFICERS WHO 
                        TRANSFER TO THE SPACE FORCE.

    Section 606(d)(1) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 37 
U.S.C. 416 note) is amended by striking ``September 30, 2023'' and 
inserting ``September 30, 2025''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 296]]

                Subtitle D--Family and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 631. MODIFICATIONS TO TRANSITIONAL COMPENSATION FOR 
                        DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS SEPARATED FOR 
                        DEPENDENT ABUSE.

    (a) Covered Punitive Actions.--Subsection (b) of section 1059 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) who is--
                    ``(A) convicted of a dependent-abuse offense in a 
                district court of the United States or a State court; 
                and
                    ``(B) separated from active duty pursuant to a 
                sentence of a court-martial, or administratively 
                separated, voluntarily or involuntarily, from active 
                duty, for an offense other than the dependent-abuse 
                offense.''.

    (b) Commencement of Payment.--Subsection (e)(1) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting 
                after ``offense'' the following: ``or an offense 
                described in subsection (b)(3)(B)''; and
                    (B) in clause (ii), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``(if the basis'' and 
        all that follows through ``offense)''.

    (c) Definition of Dependent Child.--Subsection (l) of such section 
is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
            (1) by striking ``resulting in the separation of the former 
        member or'' and inserting ``referred to in subsection (b) or''; 
        and
            (2) by striking ``resulting in the separation of the former 
        member and'' and inserting ``and''.

    (d) Delegation of Determinations Relating to Exceptional 
Eligibility.--Subsection (m)(4) of such section is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(4) The Secretary concerned may delegate the authority under 
paragraph (1) to authorize eligibility for benefits under this section 
for dependents and former dependents of a member or former member to the 
first general or flag officer (or civilian equivalent) in the chain of 
command of the member.''.
SEC. 632. LODGING EXPENSES FOR DEPENDENTS OF MEMBERS SEPARATED FOR 
                        DEPENDENT ABUSE.

    Section 1059 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
631, is further amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 1030.>>  in the heading, by adding 
        ``; lodging expenses'' at the end;
            (2) by redesignating subsections (k), (l), and (m) as 
        subsections (m), (n), and (l), respectively;
            (3) by striking ``subsection (k)'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``subsection (m)''; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 297]]

            (4) by inserting, after subsection (j), the following new 
        subsection (k):

    ``(k) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Lodging Expenses.--A dependent or 
former dependent entitled to payment of monthly transitional 
compensation under this section shall, while receiving payments in 
accordance with this section, be entitled to lodging expenses for a 
period not longer than 30 days.''.
SEC. 633. ACCESS TO COMMISSARY AND EXCHANGE PRIVILEGES FOR 
                        REMARRIED SURVIVING SPOUSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1062 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        the following:

    ``(a) Certain Unremarried Former Spouses.--The Secretary of 
Defense'';
            (2) by striking ``commissary and exchange privileges'' and 
        inserting ``use commissary stores and MWR retail facilities'';
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  Certain Remarried Surviving Spouses.--
The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such regulations as may be 
necessary to provide that a surviving spouse of a deceased member of the 
armed forces, regardless of the marital status of the surviving spouse, 
is entitled to use commissary stores and MWR retail facilities to the 
same extent and on the same basis as an unremarried surviving spouse of 
a member of the uniformed services.''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(c) MWR Retail Facilities Defined.--In this section, the term `MWR 
retail facilities' has the meaning given that term in section 1063 of 
this title.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 1062 note.>>  Regulations.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations under section 1062(b) 
of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a)(3), not 
later than October 1, 2025.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The heading of such section <<NOTE: 10 
USC prec. 1061.>>  is amended by adding ``and surviving spouses'' at the 
end.
SEC. 634. ASSISTANCE FOR MILITARY SPOUSES TO OBTAIN CERTIFICATIONS 
                        AS DOULAS AND INTERNATIONAL BOARD 
                        CERTIFIED LACTATION CONSULTANTS.

    Section 1784a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Doula and IBCLC Certifications.--In carrying out the programs 
authorized by subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide assistance to 
the spouse of a member of the armed forces described in subsection (b) 
with obtaining certification--
            ``(1) as a doula or International Board Certified Lactation 
        Consultant; and
            ``(2) provided by an organization that receives 
        reimbursement under the extramedical maternal health providers 
        demonstration project required by section 746 of the William M. 
        (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 10 U.S.C. 1073 note).''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 298]]

SEC. 635. EXPANSION OF QUALIFYING EVENTS FOR WHICH A MEMBER OF THE 
                        UNIFORMED SERVICES MAY BE REIMBURSED FOR 
                        SPOUSAL RELICENSING OR BUSINESS COSTS DUE 
                        TO THE MEMBER'S RELOCATION.

    Section 453(g) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking the subsection heading and inserting 
        ``Reimbursement of Qualifying Spouse Relicensing Costs and 
        Business Costs'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``or qualified business costs'' and inserting 
                ``and qualified business costs'';
                    (B) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as follows:
            ``(A) the member relocates to a new jurisdiction or 
        geographic area as the result of--
                    ``(i) an assignment to a duty station;
                    ``(ii) a reassignment, either as a result of a 
                permanent change of station or permanent change of 
                assignment, between duty stations;
                    ``(iii) a transfer from a regular component of a 
                uniformed service into the Selected Reserve of the Ready 
                Reserve of a uniformed service, if the member is 
                authorized a final move from the last duty station to 
                the new jurisdiction or geographic area; or
                    ``(iv) placement on the temporary disability retired 
                list under chapter 61 of title 10; and''; and
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``reassignment'' and inserting ``relocation'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), by striking ``reassignment'' both 
        places it appears and inserting ``relocation'';
            (4) in paragraph (4)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``movement 
                described in'' and all that follows through the 
                semicolon and inserting ``the member's relocation 
                described in paragraph (1);''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``reassignment'' and inserting ``relocation''; and
            (5) in paragraph (5)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``movement 
                described in'' and all that follows through the 
                semicolon and inserting ``the member's relocation 
                described in paragraph (1);''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``reassignment'' and inserting ``relocation''.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Waiver of cost-sharing for three mental health outpatient 
           visits for certain beneficiaries under the TRICARE program.
Sec. 702. Extension of period of eligibility for health benefits under 
           TRICARE Reserve Select for survivors of a member of the 
           Selected Reserve.
Sec. 703. Expansion of eligibility for hearing aids to include children 
           of certain retired members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 704. Authority to provide dental care for dependents located at 
           certain remote or isolated locations.
Sec. 705. Clarification of applicability of required mental health self-
           initiated referral process for members of the Selected 
           Reserve.

[[Page 137 STAT. 299]]

Sec. 706. Naloxone and fentanyl: regulations; briefing.
Sec. 707. Authority to expand the TRICARE Competitive Plans 
           Demonstration Project.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of requirement to transfer research and 
           development and public health functions to the Defense Health 
           Agency.
Sec. 712. Increase in stipend for participants in health professions 
           scholarship and financial assistance programs.
Sec. 713. Modification of administration of medical malpractice claims 
           by members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 714. Networks of the Defense Health Agency: delayed implementation; 
           GAO study.
Sec. 715. Real-time data sharing agreement regarding medical care 
           provided to members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 716. Establishment of military pharmaceutical and medical device 
           vulnerability working group.

       Subtitle C--Studies, Briefings, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 721. Modification of partnership program for military trauma care 
           and research.
Sec. 722. Study on opioid alternatives.
Sec. 723. Program of the Department of Defense to study treatment of 
           certain conditions using certain psychedelic substances.
Sec. 724. Annual report regarding overdoses by certain members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 725. Study and report on health conditions of members of the Armed 
           Forces on active duty developed after administration of 
           COVID-19 vaccine.
Sec. 726. GAO study on health care available to certain individuals 
           supporting the missions of United States Forces Japan and 
           Joint Region Marianas.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. <<NOTE: Termination dates.>>  WAIVER OF COST-SHARING FOR 
                        THREE MENTAL HEALTH OUTPATIENT VISITS FOR 
                        CERTAIN BENEFICIARIES UNDER THE TRICARE 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) TRICARE Select.--Section 1075(c) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4)(A) Consistent with other provisions of this chapter 
        and subject to requirements to be prescribed by the Secretary, 
        the Secretary may waive cost-sharing requirements for the first 
        three outpatient mental health visits each year of any of the 
        following beneficiaries:
                    ``(i) Beneficiaries in the active-duty family member 
                category.
                    ``(ii) Beneficiaries covered by section 1110b of 
                this title.
            ``(B) This paragraph shall terminate on the date that is 
        five years after the date of the enactment of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024.''.

    (b) TRICARE Prime.--Section 1075a(a) of such title is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4)(A) Consistent with other provisions of this chapter 
        and subject to requirements to be prescribed by the Secretary, 
        the Secretary may waive cost-sharing requirements for the first 
        three outpatient mental health visits each year of a beneficiary 
        in the active-duty family member category (as described in 
        section 1075(b)(1)(A) of this title).
            ``(B) This paragraph shall terminate on the date that is 
        five years after the date of the enactment of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2024.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 300]]

SEC. 702. EXTENSION OF PERIOD OF ELIGIBILITY FOR HEALTH BENEFITS 
                        UNDER TRICARE RESERVE SELECT FOR SURVIVORS 
                        OF A MEMBER OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.-- Section 1076d(c) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``six months'' and inserting ``three years''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1076d note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 2025.
SEC. 703. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR HEARING AIDS TO INCLUDE 
                        CHILDREN OF CERTAIN RETIRED MEMBERS OF THE 
                        UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Paragraph (16) of section 1077(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(16) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Except as provided by 
        subsection (g), a hearing aid, but only if the dependent has a 
        profound hearing loss, as determined under standards prescribed 
        in regulations by the Secretary of Defense in consultation with 
        the administering Secretaries, and only for the following 
        dependents:
                    ``(A) A dependent of a member of the uniformed 
                services on active duty.
                    ``(B) A dependent under subparagraph (D) or (I) of 
                section 1072(2) of this title of a former member of the 
                uniformed services who--
                          ``(i) is entitled to retired or retainer pay, 
                      or equivalent pay; and
                          ``(ii) is enrolled in family coverage under 
                      TRICARE Prime.''.
SEC. 704. AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE DENTAL CARE FOR DEPENDENTS LOCATED 
                        AT CERTAIN REMOTE OR ISOLATED LOCATIONS.

    Section 1077(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (2)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraphs (2) and (3)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(3)(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Dependents who reside within a 
specified geographic area and are covered by a dental plan established 
under section 1076a may receive dental care in a dental treatment 
facility of the uniformed services on a space available basis if the 
Secretary of Defense determines that--
            ``(i) civilian dental care within the specified geographic 
        area is inadequate or is not sufficiently available; and
            ``(ii) adequate resources exist to provide space available 
        dental care to the dependents at the facility.

    ``(B) Care under subparagraph (A) shall be provided on a 
reimbursable basis.''.
SEC. 705. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICABILITY OF REQUIRED MENTAL HEALTH 
                        SELF-INITIATED REFERRAL PROCESS FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED RESERVE.

    Section 1090b(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by inserting ``described in paragraph (3)'' after ``member 
        of the armed forces''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) A member of the armed forces described in this 
        paragraph is--

[[Page 137 STAT. 301]]

                    ``(A) a member on active duty for a period of longer 
                than 30 days; or
                    ``(B) a member of the Selected Reserve in a duty 
                status.''.
SEC. 706. <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 1090 note.>>  NALOXONE AND 
                        FENTANYL: REGULATIONS; BRIEFING.

    (a) Regulations.--Not later than January 1, 2025, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments shall prescribe regulations regarding naloxone and fentanyl 
on military installations. Such regulations shall--
            (1) ensure that naloxone is available for members of the 
        Armed Forces--
                    (A) on all military installations; and
                    (B) in each operational environment; and
            (2) establish a standardized tracking system--
                    (A) for naloxone distributed under paragraph (1); 
                and
                    (B) of the illegal use of fentanyl and other 
                controlled substances in the military departments.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than June 1, 2025, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives a briefing regarding naloxone and fentanyl. Such 
briefing shall include the following elements:
            (1) Progress in the implementation of regulations prescribed 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The prevalence and incidence of 
        the illegal use of fentanyl and other controlled substances in 
        the military departments during the five years preceding the 
        briefing.
            (3) Processes of the military departments to mitigate 
        substance abuse, particularly with regards to fentanyl.

    (c) Naloxone Defined.--In this section, the term ``naloxone'' means 
naloxone and any other medication used to reverse opioid overdose.
SEC. 707. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073a note.>>  AUTHORITY TO EXPAND THE 
                        TRICARE COMPETITIVE PLANS DEMONSTRATION 
                        PROJECT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Authority.--To the extent practicable, the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to expand the TRICARE Competitive Plans 
Demonstration Project to not fewer than five locations not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) TRICARE Competitive Plans Demonstration Project Defined.--In 
this section, the term ``TRICARE Competitive Plans Demonstration 
Project'' means the project designed to test the contract acquisition 
strategy of providing an opportunity for local, regional, and national 
health plans to participate in the competition for managed care support 
functions under the TRICARE program, in accordance with section 
705(c)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
(Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073a note).

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO TRANSFER RESEARCH AND 
                        DEVELOPMENT AND PUBLIC HEALTH FUNCTIONS TO 
                        THE DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY.

    (a) In General.--Section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 302]]

            (1) in subsection (e), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``Not later than September 30, 2022,'' and 
        inserting ``Not later than September 30, 2024, and subject to 
        subsection (f),'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (g) and (h), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting, after subsection (e), the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Exception to Establishment of Additional DHA 
Organizations. <<NOTE: Determination.>> --At the discretion of the 
Secretary of Defense, a military department may retain a function that 
would otherwise be transferred to the Defense Health Agency under 
subsection (e) if the Secretary of Defense determines the function--
            ``(1) addresses a need that is unique to the military 
        department; and
            ``(2) is in direct support of operating forces and necessary 
        to execute strategies relating to national security and 
        defense.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. Determinations.>>  Briefing Update.--Not later 
than September 30, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate an update to the briefing under section 720(b) of the James F. 
Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public 
Law 117-263; 10 U.S.C. 1073c note), including--
            (1) a description of each function that the Secretary has 
        determined to retain in a military department pursuant to 
        subsection (f) of section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, 
        as amended by subsection (a); and
            (2) the rationale for each such determination.
SEC. 712. INCREASE IN STIPEND FOR PARTICIPANTS IN HEALTH 
                        PROFESSIONS SCHOLARSHIP AND FINANCIAL 
                        ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.

    Section 2121(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended, in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``$30,000'' and inserting 
``$50,000''.
SEC. 713. MODIFICATION OF ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICAL MALPRACTICE 
                        CLAIMS BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                        SERVICES.

    Section 2733a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (f)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (g)'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(6), by striking ``subsection (f)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (g)'';
            (3) in subsection (d)(1), by striking ``subsection (f)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (g)'';
            (4) by redesignating subsections (f) through (i) as 
        subsections (g) through (j), respectively; and
            (5) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) <<NOTE: Records. Reports.>>  Justification of Denial.--If a 
claim under this section is denied, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the claimant with detailed reasoning justifying the denial of 
the claim, including--
            ``(1) copies of any written reports prepared by any expert 
        upon which the denial is based; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 303]]

            ``(2) all records and documents relied upon in preparing 
        such written reports, other than medical quality assurance 
        records (as such term is defined in section 1102 of this 
        title).''.
SEC. 714. NETWORKS OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH AGENCY: DELAYED 
                        IMPLEMENTATION; GAO STUDY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Temporary Prohibition.--The Secretary of 
Defense may not advance beyond phase one of the organizational 
advancement plan to establish nine networks of the Defense Health Agency 
for the management of military medical treatment facilities, announced 
on October 1, 2023, until the Comptroller General of the United States 
submits the report under subsection (b).

    (b) GAO Study on Defense Health Agency Management of Military 
Medical Treatment Facilities.--
            (1) Study required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study of the plan described in subsection 
        (a).
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The study under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) An assessment of the structure of such networks, 
                including--
                          (i) the analytical basis for the size and 
                      number of networks established;
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of 
                      personnel requirements for the network model;
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Review.>>  a review of how input 
                      from internal and external stakeholders was 
                      incorporated; and
                          (iv) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  the plans for achieving 
                      consolidation of business functions across 
                      military medical treatment facilities within the 
                      new networks;
                    (B) an assessment of how the Director of the Defense 
                Health Agency considered lessons learned from previous 
                market offices, including the allocation of personnel 
                and budgetary resource sharing; and
                    (C) a comparison of the new network model to 
                previous organizational structures of the Defense Health 
                Agency, including market structures and component 
                models.
            (3) Briefing; report.--Not later than May 1, 2024, the 
        Comptroller General shall brief the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
        preliminary findings of the study, with a report to follow at 
        such time and in such format as is mutually agreed upon by the 
        committees and the Comptroller General.

    (c) Technical Corrections.--
            (1) Defense health agency regions in conus.--Subsection (c) 
        of section 712 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
        U.S.C. 1073c note) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the paragraph heading, by 
                striking ``Healthagency'' and inserting ``Health 
                agency''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``military''.
            (2) Defense health agency regions oconus.--Subsection (d)(3) 
        of such section is amended by striking ``defense health 
        regions'' and inserting ``Defense Health Agency regions''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 304]]

            (3) Planning and coordination.--Subsection (e)(1)(A) of such 
        section is amended by striking ``defense health region'' and 
        inserting ``Defense Health Agency region''.
SEC. 715. <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation. 10 USC 1073 note.>>  
                        REAL-TIME DATA SHARING AGREEMENT REGARDING 
                        MEDICAL CARE PROVIDED TO MEMBERS OF THE 
                        COAST GUARD.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall consult and enter into an agreement with 
the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to policies, mechanisms, 
and processes that the Secretaries concerned shall establish to allow 
ongoing use by the Coast Guard for access to data, records, and 
information regarding access by members of the Coast Guard and 
beneficiaries of such members to military medical facilities or care 
provided through the TRICARE program that will enhance the ability to 
monitor, assess, and optimize healthcare services.
SEC. 716. ESTABLISHMENT OF MILITARY PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL 
                        DEVICE VULNERABILITY WORKING GROUP.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than one year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall establish a 
military pharmaceutical and medical device vulnerability working group.

    (b) Membership.--Each member of the working group shall be a member 
of the Armed Forces or a civilian employee of the Department of Defense.
    (c) <<NOTE: Appointment.>>  Cochairs.--The Secretary shall appoint a 
chair of the working group. The working group shall elect a cochair from 
among its members.

    (d) Duties.--The duties of the working group shall include the 
following:
            (1) To provide a forum for members of the working group to 
        discuss issues involving access, threats, and vulnerabilities to 
        pharmaceuticals, therapeutics and medical devices in operational 
        environments of the Department.
            (2) To identify current vulnerabilities, including supply 
        chain issues, active pharmaceutical ingredient supplies, device 
        component issues and cyber and electronic threats that may 
        disrupt operations of the Department.
            (3) To identify locations where the Secretary can support 
        manufacturing capabilities needed to improve the timely increase 
        of domestic production.
            (4) To review policies of the Department to identify 
        pharmaceutical manufacturing and supply guidance related to--
                    (A) diversification of the supply chain;
                    (B) transparency from pharmaceutical suppliers and 
                manufacturers;
                    (C) prerequisites for a vendor to sell to the 
                Department during a shortage;
                    (D) timely communication regarding a potential 
                shortage or other supply chain disruption; and
                    (E) the application of rules and processes of the 
                Food and Drug Administration to the Department.

[[Page 137 STAT. 305]]

            (5) To include any information in the joint medical estimate 
        of the Department or a similar report that highlights 
        information that would be classified as sensitive or requiring a 
        security classification above unclassified.
            (6) To develop a plan for the allocation of scarce 
        pharmaceutical resources within the Department during a supply 
        chain disruption and potential conflicts with competitors 
        highlighted in the national defense strategy.
            (7) To develop a plan for stockpiling essential medications 
        to ensure availability of a 180-day supply during an armed 
        conflict or other supply chain disruption.
            (8) To develop a plan that mitigates vulnerabilities to 
        active pharmaceutical ingredient supply chains and reduces 
        dependence on active pharmaceutical ingredients from foreign 
        sources.

    (e) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Briefings.--
            (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives an interim briefing on the organization, 
        activities, plans, actions and milestones of the working group.
            (2) Annual briefing.--Not later than September 30 of each 
        year, beginning in 2025 and ending in 2028, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        House of Representatives a briefing describing the activities, 
        funding, plans, actions, and milestones of the working group, 
        and other matters determined by the Secretary, during the 
        preceding year.

    (f) Termination.--The working group shall terminate on September 30, 
2028.

       Subtitle C--Studies, Briefings, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 721. MODIFICATION OF PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM FOR MILITARY TRAUMA 
                        CARE AND RESEARCH.

    Section 736 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (7) through (9) as 
        paragraphs (8) through (10), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
        paragraph (7):
            ``(7) <<NOTE: Ukraine.>>  The provision of training and 
        support to Ukraine for the treatment of individuals with 
        extremity trauma, amputations, post-traumatic stress disorder, 
        traumatic brain injuries, and any other mental health conditions 
        associated with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic 
        brain injuries, including--
                    ``(A) the exchange of subject matter expertise;
                    ``(B) training and support relating to advanced 
                clinical skills development; and
                    ``(C) training and support relating to clinical case 
                management support.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 306]]

SEC. 722. STUDY ON OPIOID ALTERNATIVES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall carry out a study in military treatment facilities on the efficacy 
of opioid alternatives for pain management.

    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
results of the study under this section. <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  
Such report shall include recommendations of the Secretary regarding the 
use of opioid alternatives in military treatment facilities.

    (c) Opioid Alternative Defined.--In this section, the term ``opioid 
alternative'' includes the following:
            (1) Cryotherapy.
            (2) Hyperbaric oxygen therapy.
            (3) Sensory deprivation.
SEC. 723. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074 note.>>  PROGRAM OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE TO STUDY TREATMENT OF CERTAIN 
                        CONDITIONS USING CERTAIN PSYCHEDELIC 
                        SUBSTANCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Processes.>>  Establishment.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish a process to fund eligible entities to conduct 
research on the treatment of eligible members of the Armed Forces with a 
covered condition using covered psychedelic substances. 
Not <<NOTE: Designation.>>  later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall designate a lead 
administrator to carry out the program under this section.

    (b) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  Eligible Entities.--The Secretary may 
enter into a partnership and award funding under this section to any of 
the following:
            (1) A department or agency of the Federal Government or a 
        State government.
            (2) An academic institution.

    (c) Participation in Clinical Trials.--The Secretary may authorize 
any member of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who is diagnosed 
with a covered condition to participate in a clinical trial that is 
conducted using funding awarded under this section and is authorized 
pursuant to section 505 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 
U.S.C. 355), without regard to--
            (1) whether the clinical trial involves a substance included 
        in the schedule under section 202 of the Controlled Substances 
        Act (21 U.S.C. 812); or
            (2) section 912a of title 10, United States Code (article 
        112a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Report Required.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
thereafter for three years, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
report on funding awarded under this section, including the following:
            (1) Identification of clinics designated to host activities 
        under the program.
            (2) A description of entities to whom the Secretary has 
        awarded such funding.
            (3) The number of members of the Armed Forces serving on 
        active duty who participated in a clinical trial described

[[Page 137 STAT. 307]]

        in subsection (c), the covered conditions of such members 
        treated, and whether such members returned to full duty.
            (4) Information on the findings of such clinical trials.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered condition'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) Post-traumatic stress.
                    (B) Traumatic brain injury.
            (2) The term ``covered psychedelic substances'' means any of 
        the following:
                    (A) 3,4-Methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (commonly 
                known as ``MDMA'').
                    (B) Psilocybin.
                    (C) Ibogaine.
                    (D) 5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (commonly known 
                as ``5-MeO-DMT'').
                    (E) Qualified plant-based alternative therapies.
            (3) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
            (4) The term ``State'' has the meaning given such term in 
        section 901 of title 32, United States Code.
SEC. 724. ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING OVERDOSES BY CERTAIN MEMBERS OF 
                        THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In general.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
        thereafter for four years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives a report on the number of annual overdoses among 
        covered members.
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The total number of covered members who suffered 
                a fatal or nonfatal overdose during the previous 
                calendar year, including--
                          (i) demographic information, including gender, 
                      race, age, military department, military rank, pay 
                      grade, and station;
                          (ii) the location of the fatal overdose, 
                      including whether the overdose was on a military 
                      base; and
                          (iii) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of the 
                      substances involved in the fatal overdose.
                    (B) Of the covered members identified in 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) the number of covered members who received 
                      mental health or substance use disorder services 
                      prior to a fatal or nonfatal overdose, including a 
                      description of whether such services were received 
                      from a private sector provider;
                          (ii) the number of covered members with 
                      comorbid mental health diagnoses;
                          (iii) the number of covered members who had 
                      been prescribed opioids, benzodiazepines, or 
                      stimulants;
                          (iv) the number of covered members who had 
                      been categorized as high-risk and prescribed or 
                      provided naloxone prior to a fatal or nonfatal 
                      overdose;

[[Page 137 STAT. 308]]

                          (v) the number of covered members who had a 
                      positive drug test prior to the fatal overdose, 
                      including any substance identified in such test;
                          (vi) the number of covered members referred 
                      to, including by self-referral, or engaged in 
                      medical treatment, including medication treatment 
                      for opioid use disorder;
                          (vii) with respect to each covered member 
                      identified in clause (vi), whether the covered 
                      member was referred after a positive drug test and 
                      the source of such referral; and
                          (viii) the number of fatal overdoses and 
                      intentional overdoses.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of discernable 
                patterns in fatal and nonfatal overdoses of covered 
                members.
                    (D) A description of existing or anticipated 
                response efforts to fatal and nonfatal overdoses at 
                military bases that have rates of fatal overdoses that 
                exceed the average rate of fatal overdoses in the United 
                States.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                availability of substance use disorder treatment for 
                covered members.
                    (F) The number of medical facilities of, or 
                affiliated with, the Department of Defense that have 
                opioid treatment programs.
                    (G) A description of punitive measures taken by the 
                Secretary of Defense in response to substance misuse, 
                substance use disorder, or overdose by covered member.
            (3) Privacy.--
                    (A) In general.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
                construed to authorize the disclosure by the Secretary 
                of Defense of personally identifiable information of 
                covered members or military family members, including 
                anonymized personal information that could be used to 
                identify covered members or military family members.
                    (B) Application of hipaa.--In carrying out this 
                subsection, the Secretary of Defense shall take steps to 
                protect the privacy of covered members and military 
                family members pursuant to regulations prescribed under 
                section 264(c) of the Health Insurance Portability and 
                Accountability Act of 1996 (42 U.S.C. 1320d-2 note; 
                Public Law 104-191).

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered member'' means a member of the Army, 
        Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force.
            (2) The term ``military family member'' means a family 
        member of a covered member, including--
                    (A) the spouse, parent, dependent, or child of a 
                covered member; or
                    (B) an individual who has legal responsibility for 
                the child of a covered member.
SEC. 725. <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  STUDY AND REPORT ON HEALTH 
                        CONDITIONS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                        ON ACTIVE DUTY DEVELOPED AFTER 
                        ADMINISTRATION OF COVID-19 VACCINE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a study to assess and evaluate any health conditions arising in 
members

[[Page 137 STAT. 309]]

of the Armed Forces on active duty one year after receiving the first 
dose of a COVID-19 vaccine.

    (b) Study Parameters.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Data.>>  disaggregate data collected by--
                    (A) vaccine type and manufacturer;
                    (B) age group at the time such first dose was 
                administered;
                    (C) any health condition developed after receiving 
                such first dose, regardless of whether the condition is 
                attributable to the receipt of such first dose; and
                    (D) an accounting of adverse events (including 
                hyperimmune response), including further disaggregation 
                by history of infection; and
            (2) assess the prevalence of each such health condition by 
        each age group specified in paragraph (1)(B) among the 
        unvaccinated population for each of years 2017, 2018, and 2019.

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Report.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act and each year thereafter for the 
subsequent four years, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
on the results of each study conducted under subsection (a).

    (d) COVID-19 Vaccine Defined.--The term ``COVID-19 vaccine'' means a 
vaccine licensed under section 351 of the Public Health Service Act (42 
U.S.C. 262) or authorized for emergency use under section 564 of the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360bbb-3) for 
immunization against the virus responsible for COVID-19.
SEC. 726. GAO STUDY ON HEALTH CARE AVAILABLE TO CERTAIN 
                        INDIVIDUALS SUPPORTING THE MISSIONS OF 
                        UNITED STATES FORCES JAPAN AND JOINT 
                        REGION MARIANAS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
shall conduct a study to determine whether health care services 
available to covered individuals are sufficient to support the missions 
and readiness of United States Forces Japan and Joint Region Marianas.
    (b) Elements.--The study under this section shall include the 
following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  The assessment of the Comptroller 
        General of the effects of the changes to the administration and 
        management of the military health system--
                    (A) under Defense Health Agency Region Indo-Pacific 
                Administrative Instruction 6025.02, signed on December 
                22, 2022; and
                    (B) on health care services available to covered 
                individuals through the direct care component of the 
                TRICARE program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  An estimate of--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  the number of covered 
                individuals who in fiscal years 2020 through 2023 
                received health care services through the military 
                health system on a space-available basis; and
                    (B) the percentage of covered individuals described 
                in subparagraph (A) who had health insurance not 
                provided through the military health system.

[[Page 137 STAT. 310]]

            (3) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of any health-related 
        screenings administered by the Federal Government to a civilian 
        employee before such civilian employee begins an assignment in 
        the area of responsibility of the United States Indo-Pacific 
        Command.
            (4) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The determination of the 
        Comptroller General whether the Secretary of Defense has 
        conducted or participated in an assessment of health care 
        services--
                    (A) provided to covered individuals through the 
                military health system; or
                    (B) otherwise available to covered individuals.
            (5) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  The evaluation of the Comptroller 
        General of the most recent assessment described in paragraph 
        (4).
            (6) Other information the Comptroller General determines 
        appropriate.

    (c) Briefing; Report.--The Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives--
            (1) an interim briefing on the study not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act; and
            (2) a final report on the study in a format and on a date 
        agreed to by the Comptroller General and such Committees during 
        such briefing.

    (d) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
individual'' means an individual who supports the mission of United 
States Forces Japan or Joint Region Marianas, who is--
            (1) a United States citizen, national, or lawful permanent 
        resident and--
                    (A) a civilian employee of the Federal Government; 
                or
                    (B) an employee of a contractor or subcontractor 
                under an agreement between such contractor and the 
                Secretary of Defense; or
            (2) a dependent of--
                    (A) a member of the Armed Forces; or
                    (B) an individual described in paragraph (1).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Commercial nature determination memo available to contractor.
Sec. 802. Modification of truthful cost or pricing data submissions and 
           report.
Sec. 803. Prohibition on the transfer of certain data on employees of 
           the Department of Defense to third parties.
Sec. 804. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have fossil fuel 
           operations with the Government of the Russian Federation or 
           the Russian energy sector.
Sec. 805. Prohibition of the Department of Defense procurement related 
           to entities identified as Chinese military companies 
           operating in the United States.
Sec. 806. Principal Technology Transition Advisor.
Sec. 807. Senior contracting official for Strategic Capabilities Office.
Sec. 808. Pilot program for the use of innovative intellectual property 
           strategies.
Sec. 809. Pilot program for anything-as-a-service.
Sec. 810. Updated guidance on planning for exportability features for 
           future programs.
Sec. 811. Modernizing the Department of Defense requirements process.

[[Page 137 STAT. 311]]

Sec. 812. Preventing conflicts of interest for entities that provide 
           certain consulting services to the Department of Defense.
Sec. 813. Focused commercial solutions openings opportunities.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 820. Amendments to multiyear procurement authority.
Sec. 821. Modification of approval authority for certain follow-on 
           production contracts or transactions.
Sec. 822. Clarification of other transaction authority for installation 
           or facility prototyping.
Sec. 823. Extension and revisions to never contract with the enemy.
Sec. 824. Modification and extension of temporary authority to modify 
           certain contracts and options based on the impacts of 
           inflation.
Sec. 825. Countering adversary logistics information technologies.
Sec. 826. Modification of contracts and options to provide economic 
           price adjustments.
Sec. 827. Modifications to earned value management system requirements.

               Subtitle C--Domestic Sourcing Requirements

Sec. 831. Emergency acquisition authority for purposes of replenishing 
           United States stockpiles.
Sec. 832. Requirement for full domestic production of flags of the 
           United States acquired by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 833. Amendment to requirement to buy certain metals from American 
           sources.
Sec. 834. Acquisition of sensitive material prohibition exception 
           amendment.
Sec. 835. Enhanced domestic content requirement for major defense 
           acquisition programs.

Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Programs for Accelerating Acquisition

Sec. 841. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
Sec. 842. Demonstration and prototyping program to advance international 
           product support capabilities in a contested logistics 
           environment.
Sec. 843. Special authority for rapid contracting for commanders of 
           combatant commands.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 851. Additional national security objectives for the national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 852. Department of Defense Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 853. Modifications to the Procurement Technical Assistance Program.
Sec. 854. Modification of effective date for expansion on the 
           prohibition on acquiring certain metal products.
Sec. 855. Extension of pilot program for distribution support and 
           services for weapons systems contractors.
Sec. 856. Pilot program to analyze and monitor certain supply chains.
Sec. 857. Department of Defense notification of certain transactions.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 860. Amendments to defense research and development rapid 
           innovation program.
Sec. 861. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 862. Payment of subcontractors.
Sec. 863. Increase in Governmentwide goal for participation in Federal 
           contracts by small business concerns owned and controlled by 
           service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 864. Eliminating self-certification for service-disabled veteran-
           owned small businesses.
Sec. 865. Consideration of the past performance of affiliate companies 
           of small business concerns.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Extension of mission management pilot program.
Sec. 872. Extension of pilot program to incentivize contracting with 
           employee-owned businesses.
Sec. 873. Program and processes relating to foreign acquisition.
Sec. 874. Pilot program to incentivize progress payments.
Sec. 875. Study on reducing barriers to acquisition of commercial 
           products and services.

[[Page 137 STAT. 312]]

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 801. COMMERCIAL NATURE DETERMINATION MEMO AVAILABLE TO 
                        CONTRACTOR.

    Section 3456(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``for such determination'' and inserting 
        ``why the product or service was determined to be commercial or 
        noncommercial''; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Records.>>  by adding at the end the following: 
        ``Upon the request of the contractor or subcontractor offering 
        the product or service for which such determination is 
        summarized in such memorandum, the contracting officer shall 
        provide to such contractor or subcontractor a copy of such 
        memorandum.''.
SEC. 802. MODIFICATION OF TRUTHFUL COST OR PRICING DATA 
                        SUBMISSIONS AND REPORT.

    Section 3705(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``The Under Secretary shall make appropriate 
        portions of the report available to the leadership of the 
        offerors named in such report.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(C) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
shall develop a framework for revising what constitutes a denial of 
uncertified cost or pricing data, including--
            ``(i) identifying situations under which such denials occur 
        to exclude situations outside the control of the offeror or 
        Federal Government;
            ``(ii) identifying whether such denial is from the prime 
        contractor or subcontractor; and
            ``(iii) developing an appropriate timeframe for requiring 
        submission of uncertified cost or pricing data before a request 
        for such data is considered a denial, including a standardized 
        determination of a starting point and conclusion for such 
        requests.''.
SEC. 803. PROHIBITION ON THE TRANSFER OF CERTAIN DATA ON EMPLOYEES 
                        OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TO THIRD 
                        PARTIES.

    Chapter 363 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
4651.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4662. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4662.>>  Prohibition on the transfer 
                  of certain data on employees of the Department 
                  of Defense to third parties

    ``(a) In General.--Each contract entered into by the Department of 
Defense on or after the date of the enactment of this section shall 
include a provision prohibiting the contractor and each subcontractor 
under such contract from selling, licensing, or otherwise transferring 
covered individually identifiable Department employee data to any 
individual or entity other than the Federal Government, except to the 
extent required to perform such contract or a subcontract under such 
contract and that would be permissible pursuant to statute or guidance 
from the Director of the Office of Management and Budget.

[[Page 137 STAT. 313]]

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense 
may waive the requirements of subsection (a) with respect to a sale, 
licensing, or other transfer of covered individually identifiable 
Department employee data if the Secretary determines that such waiver is 
appropriate.

    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered individually identifiable Department 
        employee data' means individually identifiable Department 
        employee data obtained by--
                    ``(A) a contractor pursuant to the performance of a 
                contract described in subsection (a) by such contractor; 
                or
                    ``(B) a subcontractor pursuant to the performance of 
                a subcontract under such a contract by such 
                subcontractor.
            ``(2) The term `individually identifiable Department 
        employee data' means information related to an employee of the 
        Department of Defense, including a member of the Armed Forces, 
        that--
                    ``(A) identifies such employee; or
                    ``(B) which may be used to infer, by either direct 
                or indirect means, the identity of such an employee to 
                whom the information applies.''.
SEC. 804. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4651.>>  PROHIBITION ON 
                        CONTRACTING WITH PERSONS THAT HAVE FOSSIL 
                        FUEL OPERATIONS WITH THE GOVERNMENT OF THE 
                        RUSSIAN FEDERATION OR THE RUSSIAN ENERGY 
                        SECTOR.

    (a) Prohibition.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided under subsections (b), 
        (c), and (d), the Secretary of Defense may not enter into a 
        contract for the procurement of goods or services with any 
        person that is or that has fossil fuel business operations with 
        a person that is not less than 50 percent owned, individually or 
        collectively, by--
                    (A) an authority of the Government of the Russian 
                Federation; or
                    (B) a fossil fuel company that operates in the 
                Russian Federation, except if the fossil fuel company 
                transports oil or gas--
                          (i) through the Russian Federation for sale 
                      outside of the Russian Federation; and
                          (ii) that was extracted from a country other 
                      than the Russian Federation with respect to the 
                      energy sector of which the President has not 
                      imposed sanctions as of the date on which the 
                      contract is awarded.
            (2) Oil and gas origin.--For the purposes of applying the 
        exception under paragraph (1)(B), oil and gas transported by a 
        fossil fuel company shall be deemed to have been extracted from 
        the location of extraction specified in the certificate of 
        origin or other documentation confirming the origin of such oil 
        or gas unless the person with respect to which such exception 
        would apply knew or had reason to know that such location in 
        such documentation was false or incorrect.

    (b) Exceptions.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In general.--The prohibition 
        under subsection (a) does not apply to a contract that the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State jointly 
        determine--
                    (A) is necessary--

[[Page 137 STAT. 314]]

                          (i) for purposes of providing humanitarian 
                      assistance to the people of Russia; or
                          (ii) for purposes of providing disaster relief 
                      and other urgent life-saving measures;
                    (B) is vital to the military readiness, basing, or 
                operations of the United States or the North Atlantic 
                Treaty Organization;
                    (C) is vital to the national security interests of 
                the United States; or
                    (D) was a business operation with a fossil fuel 
                company in a country other than the Russian Federation 
                that was entered into prior to the date of the enactment 
                of this section.
            (2) Notification requirement.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall notify the appropriate congressional committees of any 
        contract entered into on the basis of an exception provided for 
        under paragraph (1).
            (3) Office of foreign assets control licenses.--The 
        prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to a person that 
        has a valid license to operate in Russia issued by the Office of 
        Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury or is 
        otherwise authorized to operate in Russia by the Federal 
        Government notwithstanding the imposition of sanctions.
            (4) American diplomatic mission in russia.--The prohibition 
        in subsection (a) shall not apply to contracts related to the 
        operation and maintenance of the United States Government's 
        consular offices and diplomatic posts in Russia.

    (c) Applicability.--This section shall take effect on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and apply with respect to any contract entered 
into on or after such effective date.
    (d) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on December 31, 2029.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Oversight and Accountability, 
                the Committee on Armed Services, and the Committee on 
                Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committee on Homeland Security and 
                Governmental Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, 
                and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate.
            (2) Business operations.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``business operations'' 
                means engaging in commerce in any form, including 
                acquiring, developing, maintaining, owning, selling, 
                possessing, leasing, or operating equipment, facilities, 
                personnel, products, services, personal property, real 
                property, or any other apparatus of business or 
                commerce.
                    (B) Exceptions.--The term ``business operations'' 
                does not include--
                          (i) any shipment subject to price caps as 
                      specified in the ``Statement of the G7 and 
                      Australia on a Price Cap for Seaborne Russian-
                      Origin Crude Oil'', issued on December 2, 2022, 
                      between member countries of that coalition, or the 
                      price caps as specified in the ``Statement of the 
                      G7 and Australia on price caps for seaborne 
                      Russian-origin petroleum products Berlin,

[[Page 137 STAT. 315]]

                      Brussels, Canberra, London, Ottawa, Paris, Rome, 
                      Tokyo, Washington'', issued on February 4, 2023, 
                      between such members, if such shipment complies 
                      with the applicable price caps;
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Ukraine. Determination.>>  
                      actions taken for the benefit of the country of 
                      Ukraine, as determined by the Secretary of 
                      Defense; or
                          (iii) actions taken to support the suspension 
                      or termination of business operations for 
                      commercial activities during the period beginning 
                      on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
                      ending on the date described in subsection (d), 
                      including--
                                    (I) any action to secure or divest 
                                from facilities, property, or equipment;
                                    (II) the provision of products or 
                                services provided to reduce or eliminate 
                                operations in territory internationally 
                                recognized as the Russian Federation or 
                                to comply with sanctions relating to the 
                                Russian Federation; and
                                    (III) activities that are incident 
                                to liquidating, dissolving, or winding 
                                down a subsidiary or legal entity in 
                                Russia.
            (3) Fossil fuel company.--The term ``fossil fuel company'' 
        means a person that--
                    (A) carries out oil, gas, or coal exploration, 
                development, or production activities;
                    (B) processes or refines oil, gas, or coal; or
                    (C) transports, or constructs facilities for the 
                transportation of, Russian oil, gas, or coal.
            (4) Person.--The term ``person'' means--
                    (A) a natural person, corporation, company, business 
                association, partnership, society, trust, or any other 
                nongovernmental entity, organization, or group;
                    (B) any governmental entity or instrumentality of a 
                government, including a multilateral development 
                institution (as defined in section 1701(c)(3) of the 
                International Financial Institutions Act (22 U.S.C. 
                262r(c)(3))); and
                    (C) any successor, subunit, parent entity, or 
                subsidiary of, or any entity under common ownership or 
                control with, any entity described in subparagraph (A) 
                or (B).
SEC. 805. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4651.>>  PROHIBITION OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCUREMENT RELATED 
                        TO ENTITIES IDENTIFIED AS CHINESE MILITARY 
                        COMPANIES OPERATING IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Prohibition on Use or Procurement.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided under subsection (d), 
        the Secretary may not--
                    (A) enter into, renew, or extend a contract for the 
                procurement of goods, services, or technology with an 
                entity described in paragraph (2); or
                    (B) enter into, renew, or extend a contract for the 
                procurement of goods or services that include goods or 
                services produced or developed by an entity described in 
                paragraph (2).
            (2) Entities described.--An entity described in this 
        paragraph is--

[[Page 137 STAT. 316]]

                    (A) an entity that is identified in the annual list 
                published in the Federal Register by the Department of 
                Defense of Chinese military companies operating in the 
                United States pursuant to section 1260H of the William 
                M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2021 (10 U.S.C. 113 note); or
                    (B) any entity subject to the control of an entity 
                described in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Limitation on applicability.--
                    (A) In general.--Nothing in paragraph (1) shall 
                prohibit the Secretary from entering into, renewing, or 
                extending a contract for the procurement of goods, 
                services, or technology to provide a service that 
                connects to the facilities of a third party, including 
                backhaul, roaming, or interconnection arrangements.
                    (B) Existing contracts.--Nothing in this section 
                shall permit the Secretary to apply the prohibitions in 
                paragraph (1) to existing contracts for goods, services, 
                or technology, including when such contracts are 
                modified, extended, or renewed, entered into prior to 
                the relevant date described in subsection (b).
                    (C) Components.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply with 
                respect to components (as defined in section 105 of 
                title 41, United States Code).
            (4) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Rulemaking.--
                    (A) Entity prohibition.--Not later than one year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Secretary shall amend the Defense Federal Acquisition 
                Regulation Supplement to implement the prohibitions in 
                paragraph (1)(A) for the Department of Defense.
                    (B) Goods and services prohibition.--Not later than 
                545 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary shall amend the Defense Federal 
                Acquisition Regulation Supplement to implement the 
                prohibitions in paragraph (1)(B) for the Department of 
                Defense, including--
                          (i) best practices to avoid being subject to 
                      the prohibitions described in paragraph (1)(B); 
                      and
                          (ii) technical support to assist affected 
                      businesses, institutions, and organizations as is 
                      reasonably necessary for those affected entities 
                      to comply with this section.

    (b) Effective Dates.--The prohibition under subsection (a)(1)(A) 
shall take effect on June 30, 2026, and the prohibition under subsection 
(a)(1)(B) shall take effect on June 30, 2027.
    (c) Waiver Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may waive the requirements 
        under subsection (a) with respect to an entity that requests 
        such a waiver if the entity seeking the waiver--
                    (A) provides to the Secretary a compelling 
                justification for the additional time to implement the 
                requirements under such subsection, as determined by the 
                Secretary of Defense; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  provides to the Secretary a 
                phase-out plan to eliminate goods, services, or 
                technology produced or developed by an entity described 
                in subsection (a)(2) from the systems of the entity.

[[Page 137 STAT. 317]]

            (2) Duration.--A waiver granted under paragraph (1) may 
        remain in effect until the date on which the Secretary 
        determines that commercially viable providers exist outside of 
        the People's Republic of China that can and are willing to 
        provide the Department of Defense with quality goods and 
        services in the quantity demanded.
            (3) Delegation.--The Secretary may designate the authority 
        under this section only to--
                    (A) the service acquisition executive of the 
                military department (as such terms are defined in 
                section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code) 
                concerned; or
                    (B) the official responsible for all acquisition 
                functions of such other element or organization of the 
                Department of Defense concerned.

    (d) Exception.--The President shall not be required to apply or 
maintain the prohibition under subsection (a) for activities subject to 
the reporting requirements under title V of the National Security Act of 
1947 (50 U.S.C. 3091 et seq.), or to any authorized intelligence 
activities of the United States.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Control.--The term ``control'' has the meaning given 
        that term in part 800.208 of title 31, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, or any successor regulations.
            (2) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Defense.
SEC. 806. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1701 note.>>  PRINCIPAL TECHNOLOGY 
                        TRANSITION ADVISOR.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Designation.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, each service acquisition 
executive of a military department shall designate a Principal 
Technology Transition Advisor who shall advise each Secretary of a 
military department on the transition of technologies, including 
technologies from science and technology programs of the Department, 
private commercial entities, research institutions, and universities, to 
fulfill identified and potential warfighter requirements for the 
military department.

    (b) Advisor Status.--The Principal Technology Transition Advisor of 
a military department designated under subsection (a) shall be a member 
of the Senior Executive Service or a general officer and directly report 
to the service acquisition executive of such military department.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Principal Technology Transition Advisor 
of a military department designated under subsection (a) shall do the 
following:
            (1) Identify technologies being researched, developed, 
        tested, or evaluated by science and technology programs of the 
        Department, including Defense research facilities (as defined in 
        section 4125(b) of title 10, United States Code), that the 
        military department may use to meet identified and potential 
        warfighter requirements, including technologies for which the 
        Department owns and maintains the intellectual property rights.
            (2) Consult with Department of Defense innovation programs 
        to identify technologies from private commercial entities, 
        research institutions, universities, and other entities that the 
        military department may use to meet identified and potential 
        warfighter requirements.

[[Page 137 STAT. 318]]

            (3) Make recommendations to the service acquisition 
        executive of the military department regarding the acquisition 
        of technologies identified under paragraphs (1) and (2) for 
        acquisition decisions at the service acquisition executive 
        level.
            (4) Inform program managers (as defined in section 1737 of 
        title 10, United States Code) and other relevant acquisition 
        officials of the military department of relevant technologies 
        identified under paragraphs (1) and (2).
            (5) Develop policies and processes for promoting to small 
        business concerns (as defined under section 3 of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)) and nontraditional defense 
        contractors (as defined in section 3014 of title 10, United 
        States Code) opportunities to license intellectual property 
        developed by the Department, including opportunities and methods 
        for small business concerns and nontraditional defense 
        contractors to engage with the Department regarding such 
        licensing.
            (6) Develop and maintain metrics tracking the outcomes of 
        projects and other activities of the military department for 
        which the military department expended amounts designated as 
        budget activity 3 (Advanced Technology Development), budget 
        activity 4 (Advanced Component Development and Prototypes), and 
        budget activity 5 (System Development and Demonstration), as 
        those budget activity classifications are set forth in volume 
        2B, chapter 5 of the Department of Defense Financial Management 
        Regulation (DOD 7000.14-R).

    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Congressional Report.--Not later than 
one year after the designation of the Principal Technology Transition 
Advisor of a military department under subsection (a), and annually 
thereafter, the Principal Technology Transition Advisor of such military 
department shall submit to Congress a report on the following for the 
one-year period preceding the submission of the report:
            (1) The activities of the Principal Technology Transition 
        Advisor.
            (2) The outcomes of projects and other activities described 
        in subsection (c)(6), including the metrics described in such 
        subsection.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section--
            (1) the term ``Department'' means the Department of Defense;
            (2) the term ``Department of Defense innovation programs'' 
        means the Defense Innovation Unit of the Department of Defense, 
        AFWERX of the Air Force, and other programs sponsored by the 
        Department of Defense, or any component thereof, with a focus on 
        accelerating the adoption of emerging technologies for mission-
        relevant applications or innovation; and
            (3) the terms ``military department'' and ``service 
        acquisition executive'' have the meanings given such terms in 
        section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 807. <<NOTE: 10 USC 132 note.>>  SENIOR CONTRACTING OFFICIAL 
                        FOR STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE.

    (a) Senior Contracting Official.--The staff of the Director of the 
Strategic Capabilities Office shall include a senior contracting 
official (as defined in section 1737 of title 10, United States Code) 
who shall have the authority to enter into and administer contracts, 
grants, cooperative agreements, and other transactions in execution of 
the program activities of the Strategic Capabilities Office.

[[Page 137 STAT. 319]]

    (b) Effective Date; Implementation Plan.--
            (1) Effective date.--The authorities described in subsection 
        (a) shall take effect 30 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary of Defense submits the plan described in paragraph 
        (2).
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Plan.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a plan for the 
        implementation of the authorities described in subsection (a). 
        The plan shall include the following:
                    (A) A plan for oversight of the senior contracting 
                official described under subsection (a).
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                acquisition workforce needs of the Strategic 
                Capabilities Office to support the authority provided 
                under subsection (a).
                    (C) Other matters as appropriate.
SEC. 808. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3791 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE USE 
                        OF INNOVATIVE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY 
                        STRATEGIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program for the use of innovative intellectual property strategies that 
meet the criteria described in subsection (b) to acquire the necessary 
technical data rights required for the operation, maintenance, and 
installation of, and training for, covered programs designated under 
subsection (c).
    (b) Criteria for Strategies.--The innovative intellectual property 
strategies used in a pilot program established under this section may 
include the following:
            (1) The use of an escrow account to verify and hold 
        intellectual property data.
            (2) The use of royalties or licenses.
            (3) Other strategies, as determined by the Secretary.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Designation of Covered Programs.--Not later 
than May 1, 2024, and with respect to the pilot program established 
under this section--
            (1) the Secretary of each military department shall 
        designate one covered program within the military department 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary; and
            (2) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment shall designate one covered program within the 
        Defense Agencies or Department of Defense Field Activities (as 
        defined, respectively, in section 101 of title 10, United States 
        Code).

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline. Plan.>>  Briefing Requirement.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall provide a 
briefing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives with a detailed plan to implement the pilot program 
required under this section.

    (e) Annual Report.--Beginning on the date on which the first program 
is designated under subsection (c) and until the termination date in 
subsection (f), the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall provide an annual report to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on--

[[Page 137 STAT. 320]]

            (1) the effectiveness of the pilot program in acquiring the 
        necessary technical data rights necessary to support timely, 
        cost-effective maintenance and sustainment of the acquisition 
        programs designated under subsection (c); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  any recommendations for 
        the applicability of lessons learned from the pilot program.

    (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program 
established under this section shall terminate on December 31, 2028.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered program'' means an acquisition 
        program under which procurements are conducted using a pathway 
        of the adaptive acquisition framework (as described in 
        Department of Defense Instruction 5000.02, ``Operation of the 
        Adaptive Acquisition Framework'').
            (2) The term ``technical data rights'' has the meaning given 
        in section 3771 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 809. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 3301.>>  PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
                        ANYTHING-AS-A-SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program to explore the use of consumption-based solutions to address any 
defense need, hereafter ``anything-as-a-service'', that is feasible to 
provide users on-demand access, quickly add newly released capabilities, 
and bill based on actual usage at fixed price units.
    (b) Requirements.--A contract or other agreement for anything-as-a-
service entered into under the pilot program shall require the outcomes 
of the capability to be measurable, including the cost and speed of 
delivery in comparison to using processes other than anything-as-a-
service, at the regular intervals that are customary for the type of 
solution provided.
    (c) <<NOTE: Public information. Time period.>>  Notice.--With 
respect to each opportunity to participate in the pilot program 
established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make publicly 
available a notice of such opportunity for not less than 60 days.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Timing.--The Secretary shall, to the extent 
practicable, enter into a contract or other agreement under this section 
not later than 100 days after the date on which the Secretary, under 
subsection (c), makes publicly available a notice to participate in the 
pilot program established under this section.

    (e) Exemptions.--A contract or other agreement entered into under 
this section shall be exempt from the following:
            (1) The requirements of section 3702 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (2) With respect to a modification to add new features or 
        capabilities in an amount less than or equal to 25 percent of 
        the total value of such contract or other agreement, the 
        requirements of full and open competition (as defined in section 
        2302 of title 10, United States Code).

    (f) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than June 30, 2024, 
the Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to the congressional 
defense committees on the implementation of the pilot program.

    (g) Anything-as-a-service Defined.--In this section, the term 
``anything-as-a-service'' means a model under which a technology-
supported capability is provided to the Department of Defense and may 
utilize any combination of software, hardware or equipment,

[[Page 137 STAT. 321]]

data, and labor or services that provides a capability that is metered 
and billed based on actual usage at fixed price units.
SEC. 810. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 4067 note.>>  UPDATED GUIDANCE 
                        ON PLANNING FOR EXPORTABILITY FEATURES FOR 
                        FUTURE PROGRAMS.

    (a) Program Guidance on Planning for Exportability Features.-- 
<<NOTE: Assessments.>> Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment shall ensure that the program guidance for major defense 
acquisition programs (as defined in section 4201 of title 10, United 
States Code) and for acquisition programs and projects that are carried 
out using the rapid fielding or rapid prototyping acquisition pathway 
under section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 3201 note prec.) is revised to 
integrate planning for exportability features under section 4067 of 
title 10, United States Code, including--
            (1) for major defense acquisition programs, an assessment of 
        such programs to identify potential exportability needs; and
            (2) for technologies under an acquisition program or project 
        carried out using the rapid fielding or rapid prototyping 
        acquisition pathway that are transitioned to a major capability 
        acquisition program, an assessment of potential exportability 
        needs of such technologies not later than one year after the 
        date of such transition.

    (b) Revision of Guidance for Program Protection Plans.--Not later 
than three years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under 
Secretary shall revise guidance for program protection plans to 
integrate a requirement to determine exportability for the programs 
covered by such plans.
SEC. 811. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 3101.>>  MODERNIZING THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REQUIREMENTS 
                        PROCESS.

    (a) Modernizing the Department of Defense Requirements 
Process. <<NOTE: Deadline. Revisions.>> --Not later than October 1, 
2025, the Secretary of Defense, acting through the Vice Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments and the commanders of the combatant commands, and 
in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, shall develop and implement a streamlined requirements 
development process for the Department of Defense, to include revising 
the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System, in order to 
improve alignment between modern warfare concepts, technologies, and 
system development and reduce the time to deliver needed capabilities to 
warfighters.

    (b) Reform Elements.--The process required by subsection (a) shall--
            (1) streamline requirements documents, reviews, and approval 
        processes, focusing on programs below the major defense 
        acquisition program threshold described in section 4201 of title 
        10, United States Code;
            (2) <<NOTE: Revisions.>>  revise requirements management 
        practices using a clean-sheet approach that avoids prescriptive 
        language, is based on mission outcomes and assessed threats, 
        enables a more iterative and collaborative approach with the 
        Armed Forces, maximizes the use of commercial products or 
        commercial services in accordance with section 3453 of title 10, 
        United States Code, and allows for a broader range of new or 
        alternative

[[Page 137 STAT. 322]]

        technological opportunities to be incorporated without the 
        requirement being validated again;
            (3) develop a capability needs and requirements framework 
        and pathways that are aligned to the pathways of the adaptive 
        acquisition framework (as described in Department of Defense 
        Instruction 5000.02, ``Operation of the Adaptive Acquisition 
        Framework''), and better aligned and integrated with the science 
        and technology development processes of the Department;
            (4) provide continuity to the acquisition and research 
        programs of the military departments by enabling the military 
        departments to develop, with respect to collections of 
        capabilities grouped by function by the Department of Defense, 
        sets of requirements that are designed to remain applicable to 
        programs and systems relating to such capabilities over 
        substantial periods of time;
            (5) require the military departments to--
                    (A) articulate in a concise model and document with 
                a set of mission impact measures the sets of 
                requirements developed under paragraph (4); and
                    (B) seek to continuously improve the capabilities 
                subject to such sets of requirements the acquisition of 
                additional capabilities;
            (6) establish a process to rapidly validate the ability of 
        commercial products and services to meet capability needs or 
        opportunities;
            (7) retire and replace the Department of Defense 
        Architecture Framework with a new structure focused on enabling 
        interoperability through application program interfaces, 
        enterprise architectures and platforms, and government and 
        commercial standards; and
            (8) ensure that requirements processes for software, 
        artificial intelligence, data, and related capability areas 
        enable a more rapid, dynamic, and iterative approach than the 
        requirements processes for traditional hardware systems.

    (c) Elements.--With respect to the implementation of the process 
required by subsection (a), the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff shall--
            (1) collaborate with industry partners, contractors of the 
        Department and nontraditional defense contractors (as defined in 
        section 3014 of title 10, United States Code), and Department of 
        Defense science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
        designated under section 4121(b) of title 10, United States 
        Code) regarding the development of the streamlined requirements 
        development process under subsection (a) to ensure such process 
        effectively uses the innovation ecosystem (as defined in section 
        236(g) of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2023 (10 U.S.C. 4001 note));
            (2) develop a formal career path, training, and structure 
        for requirements managers; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Publications.>>  publish new policies, guidance, 
        and templates for the operational, requirements, and acquisition 
        workforces online in digital formats.

    (d) Interim Report.--Not later than October 1, 2024, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the development and implementation of the process required by 
subsection (a), including--

[[Page 137 STAT. 323]]

            (1) a description of the efforts to develop and implement 
        the streamlined requirements development process under 
        subsection (a);
            (2) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  the plans of the Department of Defense 
        to implement, communicate, and continuously improve the 
        requirements development process required by subsection (a); and
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  any additional 
        recommendations for legislation that the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

    (e) Final Report.--Not later than October 1, 2025, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
describing activities carried out pursuant to this section.
SEC. 812. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4501.>>  PREVENTING CONFLICTS 
                        OF INTEREST FOR ENTITIES THAT PROVIDE 
                        CERTAIN CONSULTING SERVICES TO THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>>  Certification.--Not 
        later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall amend the Department of Defense 
        Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation to require any 
        entity that provides consulting services and is assigned a North 
        American Industry Classification System code beginning with 
        5416, after the effective date of such amendment and before 
        entering into a covered contract, to certify that--
                    (A) neither the entity nor any subsidiaries or 
                affiliates of the entity (as that term is defined in 
                section 2.101 of the Federal Acquisition Regulation) 
                hold a contract for consulting services with one or more 
                covered foreign entities; or
                    (B) the entity maintains a Conflict of Interest 
                Mitigation plan described under subsection (b) that is 
                auditable by a contract oversight entity.
            (2) Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense may not enter 
        into a covered contract with an entity described in paragraph 
        (1) that is unable to make the certification required under such 
        paragraph.

    (b) Conflict of Interest Mitigation Plan.--A Conflict of Interest 
Mitigation plan described under this subsection shall include--
            (1) an identification, where such identification is not 
        otherwise prohibited by law or regulation, of any covered 
        contracts of an entity described in subsection (a) with a 
        covered foreign entity;
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  a written analysis, including a 
        course of action for avoiding, neutralizing, or mitigating the 
        actual or potential conflict of interest of such a covered 
        contract with the Department of Defense;
            (3) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  a description of the procedures 
        adopted by an entity to ensure that individuals who will be 
        performing a covered contract will not, for the duration of such 
        contract, also provide any consulting services to any covered 
        foreign entity; and
            (4) <<NOTE: Procedures. Notice. Deadline. Determination.>>  
        a description of the procedures by which an entity will submit 
        to the contract oversight entities a notice of an unmitigated 
        conflict of interest with respect to a covered contract within 
        15 days of determining that such a conflict has arisen.

[[Page 137 STAT. 324]]

    (c) Alternative Identification of Covered Foreign Entities.--If an 
entity is unable to identify covered foreign entities under subsection 
(b)(1) due to confidentiality obligations, the entity shall identify any 
such covered foreign entity as an entity described in subparagraphs (A) 
through (F) of subsection (f)(4) in the Conflict of Interest Mitigation 
plan.
    (d) Notification.--Before determining to withhold an award of a 
covered contract based on a conflict of interest under this section that 
cannot be avoided or mitigated, the contracting officer for the contract 
shall notify the offeror of the reasons for such withholding and allow 
the offeror a reasonable opportunity to respond. If the contracting 
officer for the contract finds that it is in the best interests of the 
United States to award the contract notwithstanding such a conflict of 
interest, a request for waiver shall be submitted in accordance with 
section 9.503 of title 48, Code of Federal Regulations. The waiver 
request and decision shall be included in the contract file.
    (e) Waiver.--
            (1) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense may issue a waiver 
        with respect to the requirements of this section for the award 
        of a covered contract on a case-by-case basis as may be 
        necessary in the interest of national security. The Secretary of 
        Defense may not delegate the authority under this subsection to 
        an official who has not been Presidentially appointed and 
        confirmed by the Senate.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Waiver notification.--Not later 
        than 30 days after issuing a waiver under this subsection, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall provide a written notification to the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the House of Representatives regarding the use 
        of such waiver authority. The notification shall include--
                    (A) the specific justification for providing the 
                waiver;
                    (B) an identification of the covered foreign entity 
                that is the subject of the waiver request;
                    (C) the number of bidders for the covered contract 
                for which the waiver was granted;
                    (D) the number of bidders for the covered contract 
                that did not request a waiver; and
                    (E) the total dollar value of the covered contract.

    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``consulting services'' has the meaning given 
        the term ``advisory and assistance services'' in section 2.101 
        of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, except that the term does 
        not include the provision of products or services related to--
                    (A) compliance with legal, audit, accounting, tax, 
                reporting, or other requirements of the laws and 
                standards of countries; or
                    (B) participation in a judicial, legal, or equitable 
                dispute resolution proceeding.
            (2) The term ``contract oversight entity'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) The contracting officer.
                    (B) The contracting officer representative.
                    (C) The Defense Contract Management Agency.
                    (D) The Defense Contract Audit Agency.

[[Page 137 STAT. 325]]

                    (E) The Office of Inspector General of the 
                Department of Defense or any subcomponent of such 
                office.
                    (F) The Government Accountability Office.
            (3) The term ``covered contract'' means a contract of the 
        Department of Defense for consulting services.
            (4) The term ``covered foreign entity'' means any of the 
        following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: China.>>  The Government of the People's 
                Republic of China, the Chinese Communist Party, the 
                People's Liberation Army, the Ministry of State 
                Security, or other security service or intelligence 
                agency of the People's Republic of China.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Russia.>>  The Government of the Russian 
                Federation or any entity sanctioned by the Secretary of 
                the Treasury under Executive Order 13662 titled 
                ``Blocking Property of Additional Persons Contributing 
                to the Situation in Ukraine'' (79 Fed. Reg. 16169).
                    (C) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The government of any 
                country if the Secretary of State determines that such 
                government has repeatedly provided support for acts of 
                international terrorism pursuant to any of the 
                following:
                          (i) Section 1754(c)(1)(A) of the Export 
                      Control Reform Act of 2018 (50 U.S.C. 
                      4318(c)(1)(A)).
                          (ii) Section 620A of the Foreign Assistance 
                      Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 2371).
                          (iii) Section 40 of the Arms Export Control 
                      Act (22 U.S.C. 2780).
                          (iv) Any other provision of law.
                    (D) Any entity included on any of the following 
                lists maintained by the Department of Commerce:
                          (i) The Entity List set forth in Supplement 
                      No. 4 to part 744 of the Export Administration 
                      Regulations.
                          (ii) The Denied Persons List as described in 
                      section 764.3(a)(2) of the Export Administration 
                      Regulations.
                          (iii) The Unverified List set forth in 
                      Supplement No. 6 to part 744 of the Export 
                      Administration Regulations.
                          (iv) The Military End User List set forth in 
                      Supplement No. 7 to part 744 of the Export 
                      Administration Regulations.
                    (E) Any entity identified by the Secretary of 
                Defense pursuant to section 1237(b) of the Strom 
                Thurmond National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 50 U.S.C. 1701 note).
                    (F) Any entity on the Non-SDN Chinese Military-
                Industrial Complex Companies List (NS-CMIC List) 
                maintained by the Office of Foreign Assets Control of 
                the Department of the Treasury under Executive Order 
                14032 (86 Fed. Reg. 30145; relating to addressing the 
                threat from securities investments that finance certain 
                companies of the People's Republic of China), or any 
                successor order.
SEC. 813. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3458 note.>>  FOCUSED COMMERCIAL 
                        SOLUTIONS OPENINGS OPPORTUNITIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods. Effective date.>>  Requirement.--During 
each fiscal year beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the service acquisition 
executives of each military

[[Page 137 STAT. 326]]

department, shall exercise the authority under section 3458 of title 10, 
United States Code, not less than four times to acquire goods or 
services addressing the mission needs of a geographic combatant command.

    (b) Execution.--With respect to acquisition carried out under 
section 3458 of title 10, United States Code, pursuant to subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) assign the responsibility for carrying out such 
        acquisition to a program executive officer and a head of a 
        science and technology reinvention laboratory from the same 
        military department, who shall co-lead such acquisition; and
            (2) ensure that the program executive officer and the head 
        of a science and technology reinvention laboratory assigned as 
        co-leads under paragraph (1) have similar existing requirements 
        and funding for transitioning technologies to acquisition 
        programs within the area of focus for such acquisition.

    (c) Sunset.--Subsection (a) shall expire on September 30, 2027.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``military department'' and ``services 
        acquisition executive'' have the meanings given such terms in 
        section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``program executive officer'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 1737(a) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory'' means a science and technology reinvention 
        laboratory designated under section 4121(b) of title 10, United 
        States Code.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

SEC. 820. AMENDMENTS TO MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY.

    Section 3501(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``will result in significant savings'' and 
        inserting the following: ``will result in--
                    ``(A) significant savings''; and
            (2) by striking ``annual contracts.'' and inserting the 
        following: ``annual contracts; or
                    ``(B) necessary defense industrial base stability 
                not otherwise achievable through annual contracts.''.
SEC. 821. MODIFICATION OF APPROVAL AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN FOLLOW-ON 
                        PRODUCTION CONTRACTS OR TRANSACTIONS.

    Section 4022 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)(C)(i)(I), by inserting after 
        ``subsection (d)'' the following: ``were met for the prior 
        transaction for the prototype project that provided for the 
        award of the follow-on production contract or transaction, and 
        the requirements of subsection (f)''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:

[[Page 137 STAT. 327]]

            ``(3) The requirements of this subsection do not apply to 
        follow-on production contracts or transactions under subsection 
        (f).''.
SEC. 822. CLARIFICATION OF OTHER TRANSACTION AUTHORITY FOR 
                        INSTALLATION OR FACILITY PROTOTYPING.

    (a) In General.--Section 4022(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``except for 
                projects carried out for the purpose of repairing a 
                facility,'' before ``not more''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                ``$200,000,000'' and inserting ``$300,000,000'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Use of amounts.--The Secretary of Defense or the 
        Secretary of a military department may carry out prototype 
        projects under the pilot program established under paragraph (1) 
        using amounts available to the Secretary of Defense or the 
        Secretary of a military department (as applicable) for military 
        construction, operation and maintenance, or research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, notwithstanding--
                    ``(A) subchapters I and III of chapter 169 of this 
                title; and
                    ``(B) chapters 221 and 223 of this title.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4022 note.>>  Applicability.--The amendments made 
by this section shall apply with respect to transactions entered into on 
or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 823. EXTENSION AND REVISIONS TO NEVER CONTRACT WITH THE 
                        ENEMY.

    (a) In General.--Section 841 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 4871 note prec.) is amended--
            (1) by striking the section heading and inserting ``threat 
        mitigation in commercial support to operations'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking the subsection heading and inserting 
                ``Program Established''; and
                    (B) in matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``and in consultation with the Secretary of State'' and 
                all that follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``and the Secretary of State, establish a 
                program to enable commanders of combatant commands to 
                identify and manage risks resulting from covered persons 
                and entities engaging in covered 
                activities. <<NOTE: Guidance. Procedures. Strategies.>>  
                The Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance 
                establishing such program, including identifying who 
                shall be responsible for carrying out and overseeing the 
                program, procedures for using information available from 
                intelligence, security, and law enforcement sources to 
                identify such risks, and strategies for managing the 
                risks posed by covered persons and entities engaging in 
                covered activities.'';
            (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:

    ``(b) Authority.--

[[Page 137 STAT. 328]]

            ``(1) Identification.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  In general.--Under the 
                program established under subsection (a), the commander 
                of the combatant command concerned shall evaluate 
                covered persons and entities within the area of 
                responsibility of such command to identify such covered 
                persons and entities that are engaging in covered 
                activities.
                    ``(B) Notification. <<NOTE: Notice.>> --Upon 
                identification of a covered person or entity who is 
                engaging in covered activities pursuant to an evaluation 
                under subparagraph (A), the commander of the combatant 
                command concerned, or the designated deputies of such 
                commander, shall submit to the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, and 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy a notice of 
                such identification and the rationale for such 
                identification.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Covered procurement 
        actions.--The head of a contracting activity may take a covered 
        procurement action with respect to a person or entity identified 
        as engaging in a covered activity under the program established 
        under subsection (a) if such head receives a notification from 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
        stating that, based on a risk assessment conducted by the 
        commander of a combatant command who made such identification--
                    ``(A) such person or entity is a covered person or 
                entity;
                    ``(B) such person or entity is or was engaging in 
                one or more covered activities; and
                    ``(C) less intrusive measures are not reasonably 
                available to manage the risk posed by such person or 
                entity.'';
            (4) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:

    ``(c) Notification to Covered Person or Entity.--
            ``(1) Advance notice.--The head of a contracting activity, 
        or other appropriate official, shall notify covered persons and 
        entities of the following:
                    ``(A) The program established under subsection (a).
                    ``(B) The authorities provided by subsection (b).
                    ``(C) The responsibilities of covered persons or 
                entities to exercise due diligence to mitigate their 
                engagement in covered activities.
            ``(2) Notice of covered procurement actions.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  In general.--Not later 
                than 30 days prior to taking a covered procurement 
                action, the head of a contracting activity shall notify 
                the covered person or entity of the covered procurement 
                action. The <<NOTE: Review.>>  covered person or entity 
                shall be permitted the opportunity to challenge the 
                covered procurement action by requesting an 
                administrative review of the action under the procedures 
                of the Department of Defense not later than 30 days 
                after receipt of notice of the action.
                    ``(B) Limitation on disclosure of information.--The 
                rationale of the commander of a combatant command that 
                identified the covered person or entity receiving a 
                notice under subparagraph (A) as a covered person or 
                entity engaging in a covered activity under subsection 
                (b)(1) shall not be disclosed to such covered person or 
                entity, or their representatives, to the extent that 
                such disclosure would

[[Page 137 STAT. 329]]

                compromise national security or pose an unacceptable 
                threat to personnel of the United States or its partners 
                or allies.
                    ``(C) Protection of classified information.--
                Classified information relied upon to take a covered 
                procurement action may not be disclosed to a covered 
                person or entity, or to their representatives, unless a 
                protective order issued by a court of competent 
                jurisdiction established under article I or article III 
                of the Constitution of the United States specifically 
                addresses the conditions under which such classified 
                information may be disclosed.'';
            (5) by amending subsection (d) to read as follows:

    ``(d) Covered Procurement Action Reporting.--Not later than 15 days 
after the head of a contracting activity takes a covered procurement 
action, such head of a contracting activity shall report such covered 
procurement action to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment and include such covered procurement action in the Federal 
Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System or other formal 
systems of record and, in the case that such cover procurement action is 
for the exclusion a person or commercial entity from an award, the 
System for Award Management.'';
            (6) by amending subsection (e) to read as follows:

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Annual Review.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Director of National Intelligence and 
the Secretary of State, shall, on an annual basis, review the lists of 
persons and entities previously subject to a covered procurement action 
under subsection (b)(2) to determine whether or not such persons and 
entities continue to warrant use of the covered procurement action.'';
            (7) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:

    ``(f) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense, in conjunction with the 
Secretary of State, may grant a waiver for actions taken under 
subsection (b) if it is in the best interest of national security.'';
            (8) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows:

    ``(g) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Delegation of Authority.--The 
authority provided by subsection (b) to make a determination to use a 
covered procurement action, in whole or in part, may not be delegated 
below the level of head of contracting activity, or equivalent official, 
for purposes of grants or cooperative agreements.'';
            (9) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:

    ``(h) Updating Regulations.--The Federal Acquisition Regulation and 
the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement shall be revised 
to implement the provisions of this subtitle.'';
            (10) in subsection (i)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``Director of the Office of 
                      Management and Budget'' and inserting ``Secretary 
                      of Defense'';
                          (ii) by striking ``appropriate committees of 
                      Congress'' and inserting ``congressional defense 
                      committees (as defined in section 101(a) of title 
                      10, United States Code)'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``an executive 
                                agency exercised the authority to 
                                terminate, void, or restrict a contract, 
                                grant, and cooperative agreement 
                                pursuant to subsection (c), based on a 
                                notification under

[[Page 137 STAT. 330]]

                                subsection (b)'' and inserting ``a head 
                                of contracting activity took a covered 
                                procurement action'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``executive agency'' and inserting 
                                ``head of contracting activity'';
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``the action taken'' and inserting 
                                ``taking the covered procurement 
                                action'';
                                    (IV) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                ``voided or terminated'' and inserting 
                                ``subject to the covered procurement 
                                action''; and
                                    (V) in clause (iv)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``of the 
                                        executive agency in force'' and 
                                        inserting ``the Department of 
                                        Defense has''; and
                                            (bb) by striking ``at the 
                                        time the contract, grant, or 
                                        cooperative agreement was 
                                        terminated or voided'' and 
                                        inserting ``at the time of 
                                        taking the covered procurement 
                                        action''; and
                          (iv) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``an executive 
                                agency did not exercise the authority to 
                                terminate, void, or restrict a contract, 
                                grant, and cooperative agreement 
                                pursuant to subsection (c), based on a 
                                notification'' and inserting ``a head of 
                                contracting activity did not take a 
                                covered procurement action following an 
                                identification from a combatant 
                                commander'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``executive agency'' and inserting 
                                ``head of contracting activity''; and
                                    (III) in clause (ii), by inserting 
                                ``covered procurement'' before 
                                ``action''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``Director'' and 
                inserting ``Secretary of Defense'';
            (11) by striking subsections (j) and (m) and redesignating 
        subsections (k), (l), and (n) as subsections (j), (k), and (l), 
        respectively;
            (12) in subsection (k), as redesignated by paragraph (11), 
        by striking ``Except as provided in subsection (m), the'' and 
        inserting ``The''; and
            (13) in subsection (l), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``December 31, 2025'' and inserting ``December 31, 2033''.

    (b) Access to Records.--Section 842 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
is amended by striking subsections (a) through (c) and inserting the 
following:
    ``(a) <<NOTE: Examination.>>  Additional Access to Records.--The 
Secretary of Defense may examine any records of persons or entities that 
have existing contracts with, or are active recipients of a grant or 
cooperative agreement from, the Department of Defense, including any 
subcontractors or subgrantees, to the extent necessary to support the 
program established under section 841 of this Act.

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Limitation.--The examination 
authorized under subsection (a) may only take place after a written 
determination is made by the contracting officer, based on a finding 
from the combatant commander, stating that this examination will support 
the program established under such section 841 and that less intrusive 
measures are not reasonably available to manage the risk.''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 331]]

    (c) Definitions.--Section 843 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (7), and (9) and 
        redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), and (8) as paragraphs (2), 
        (3), and (7);
            (2) before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        the following new paragraph:
            ``(1) Covered activities.--The term `covered activities' 
        means activities where a covered person or entity is--
                    ``(A) engaging in acts of violence against personnel 
                of the United States or its partners and allies;
                    ``(B) providing financing, logistics, training, or 
                intelligence to a person described in subparagraph (A);
                    ``(C) engaging in foreign intelligence activities 
                against the United States or its partners and allies;
                    ``(D) engaging in transnational organized crime or 
                criminal activities; or
                    ``(E) engaging in other activities that present a 
                direct or indirect risk to United States or partner and 
                allied missions and forces.'';
            (3) in paragraph (2), as so redesignated, by striking ``with 
        an estimated value in excess of $50,000 that is performed 
        outside the United States, including its possessions and 
        territories, in support'' and all that follows through the 
        period at the end and inserting ``that is performed outside the 
        United States, including its possessions and territories.'';
            (4) by amending paragraph (3), as so redesignated, to read 
        as follows:
            ``(3) Covered person or entity.--The term `covered person or 
        entity' means any person, corporation, company, limited 
        liability company, limited partnership, business trust, business 
        association, or other similar entity outside of the United 
        States or any foreign reporting company in accordance with 
        section 5336(a)(11)(A)(ii) of title 31, United States Code, that 
        is responding to a covered solicitation or performing work on a 
        covered contract, grant, or cooperative agreement.''; and
            (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(5) Covered procurement action.--The term `covered 
        procurement action' means an action taken by a head of 
        contracting activity to--
                    ``(A) exclude a person or commercial entity from an 
                award with or without an existing contract, grant, or 
                cooperative agreement;
                    ``(B) terminate a contract, grant, or cooperative 
                agreement for default; or
                    ``(C) void, in whole or in part, a contract, grant, 
                or cooperative agreement.
            ``(6) Covered solicitation.--The term `covered solicitation' 
        means any solicitation by the Department of Defense for work for 
        which the place of performance is outside of the United 
        States.''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4871.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by this section shall take effect 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply to covered 
solicitations issued and covered contracts, grants, or cooperative 
agreements (as that term is defined

[[Page 137 STAT. 332]]

in section 843 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, as amended by subsection 
(c)), awarded on or after such date, and to task and delivery orders 
that have been issued on or after such date pursuant to covered 
contracts, grants, or cooperative agreements that are awarded before, 
on, or after such date.
SEC. 824. MODIFICATION AND EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO 
                        MODIFY CERTAIN CONTRACTS AND OPTIONS BASED 
                        ON THE IMPACTS OF INFLATION.

    The first section of Public Law 85-804 (50 U.S.C. 1431) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new sentence: ``If any such amounts are so specifically 
        provided, the Secretary may use them for such purposes.''; and
            (2) in subsection (e), by striking ``December 31, 2023'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
SEC. 825. <<NOTE: 46 USC 50309 note.>>  COUNTERING ADVERSARY 
                        LOGISTICS INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Countering the Spread of Covered Logistics Platforms.--
            (1) Contracting prohibition.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
                enter into a contract with an entity that provides data 
                to covered logistics platforms.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Applicability.--This 
                paragraph shall apply with respect to any contract 
                entered into on or after the date that is 180 days after 
                the date of the enactment of this subsection.
            (2) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
        provisions of this subsection for a specific contract if the 
        Secretary--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  makes a determination 
                that such waiver is vital to the national security of 
                the United States; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submits to Congress a report 
                justifying the use of such waiver and the importance of 
                such waiver to the national security of the United 
                States.
            (3) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Report.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, and 
        annually for three subsequent years, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall submit to Congress a report on the implementation of this 
        subsection.

    (b) Policy With Respect to Ports Accepting Federal Grant Money.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 503 of title 46, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
``Sec. 50309. <<NOTE: 46 USC 50309.>>  Securing logistics 
                    information data of the United States

    ``(a) In General.--
            ``(1) Prohibition.--A covered entity shall not use a covered 
        logistics platform.
            ``(2) Eligibility.--A covered entity that is found to use a 
        covered logistics platform shall not be eligible to receive any 
        Federal grant funding as long as the covered entity uses a 
        covered logistics platform.

    ``(b) Guidance.--The Secretary of Transportation shall--

[[Page 137 STAT. 333]]

            ``(1) <<NOTE: Notification. Notice.>>  notify covered 
        entities of the prohibition in subsection (a) as soon as 
        practicable, including notice of funding opportunities for grant 
        programs; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Web posting. Updates. List.>>  publish on a 
        website of the Department of Transportation, and update 
        regularly, a list of covered logistics platforms subject to the 
        prohibition in subsection (a).

    ``(c) Consultation.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary 
shall consult with--
            ``(1) the Secretary of Defense;
            ``(2) the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
        Guard is operating;
            ``(3) the Secretary of State; and
            ``(4) the Secretary of Commerce.

    ``(d) Waiver.--The Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Defense, may waive the provisions of this section for a 
specific contract if the Secretary of Transportation--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  makes a determination that 
        such waiver is vital to the national security of the United 
        States; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  submits to Congress a report 
        justifying the use of such waiver and the importance of such 
        waiver to the national security of the United States.

    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: China.>>  Covered logistics platform.--The 
        term `covered logistics platform' means a data exchange platform 
        that utilizes or provides, in part or whole--
                    ``(A) the national transportation logistics public 
                information platform (commonly referred to as `LOGINK') 
                provided by the People's Republic of China, or 
                departments, ministries, centers, agencies, or 
                instrumentalities of the Government of the People's 
                Republic of China;
                    ``(B) any national transportation logistics 
                information platform provided by or sponsored by the 
                People's Republic of China, or a controlled commercial 
                entity; or
                    ``(C) a similar system provided by Chinese state-
                affiliated entities.
            ``(2) Covered entity.--The term `covered entity' means--
                    ``(A) a port authority that receives funding after 
                the date of the enactment of this section under--
                          ``(i) the port infrastructure development 
                      program under section 54301;
                          ``(ii) the maritime transportation system 
                      emergency relief program under section 50308; or
                          ``(iii) any Federal grant funding program;
                    ``(B) any marine terminal operator located on 
                property owned by a port authority as described in 
                subparagraph (A) or at a seaport described in 
                subparagraph (D);
                    ``(C) any agency or instrumentality of the United 
                States Government or that of a State; or
                    ``(D) a commercial strategic seaport within the 
                National Port Readiness Network.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The analysis for chapter 503 of 
        title 46, United States Code, <<NOTE: 46 USC prec. 50301.>>  is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``50309. Securing logistics information data of the United States.''.

            (3) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Applicability.--Section 50309 
        of title 46, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
        shall apply with respect

[[Page 137 STAT. 334]]

        to any contract entered into on or after the date that is 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this subsection.
            (4) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Reporting.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, and 
        annually for three subsequent years, the Secretary of 
        Transportation shall submit to Congress a report on the 
        implementation of section 50309 of title 46, United States Code, 
        as added by paragraph (1).

    (c) <<NOTE: President.>>  Negotiations With Allies and Partners.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Negotiations required.--The 
        Secretary of State shall seek to enter into negotiations with 
        United States ally and partner countries, including those 
        described in paragraph (3), if the President determines that 
        ports or other entities operating within the jurisdiction of 
        such ally or partner countries are using or are considering 
        using a covered logistics platform.
            (2) Elements.--As part of the negotiations described in 
        paragraph (1), the President shall--
                    (A) urge governments of such ally and partner 
                countries to require entities within the jurisdiction of 
                such governments to terminate the use of a covered 
                logistics platform;
                    (B) describe the threats posed by a covered 
                logistics platform to United States military and 
                strategic interests and the implications such threats 
                may have for the presence of members of the Armed Forces 
                of the United States in such countries;
                    (C) urge governments to use their voice, influence, 
                and vote to align with the United States and to counter 
                attempts by foreign adversaries at international 
                standards-setting bodies to adopt standards that 
                incorporate a covered logistics platform; and
                    (D) attempt to establish, through multilateral 
                entities, bilateral or multilateral negotiations, 
                military cooperation, and other relevant engagements or 
                agreements, a prohibition on the use of a covered 
                logistics platform.
            (3) Allies and partners described.--The countries and 
        entities with which the President shall conduct negotiations 
        described in this subsection shall include--
                    (A) all countries party to a collective defense 
                treaty or other collective defense arrangement with the 
                United States;
                    (B) <<NOTE: India.>>  India; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Taiwan.>>  Taiwan.
            (4) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this subsection, the Secretary of State shall 
        submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees 
        describing--
                    (A) the efforts made by the United States Government 
                as of the date of the submission of the report in the 
                negotiations described in this subsection; and
                    (B) the actions taken by the governments of ally and 
                partner countries pursuant to the negotiation priorities 
                described in this subsection.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--

[[Page 137 STAT. 335]]

                    (A) the Committees on Armed Services, Foreign 
                Affairs, and Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
                House of Representatives; and
                    (B) the Committees on Armed Services, Foreign 
                Relations, and Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate.
            (2) Covered logistics platform.--The term ``covered 
        logistics platform'' has the meaning given in section 50309 of 
        title 46, United States Code, as added by this section.
            (3) <<NOTE: Country listing.>>  Foreign adversary.--The term 
        ``foreign adversary'' means--
                    (A) the People's Republic of China, including the 
                Hong Kong and Macau Special Administrative Regions;
                    (B) the Republic of Cuba;
                    (C) the Islamic Republic of Iran;
                    (D) the Democratic People's Republic of Korea;
                    (E) the Russian Federation; and
                    (F) <<NOTE: Nicolas Maduro Moros.>>  the Bolivarian 
                Republic of Venezuela under the regime of Nicolas Maduro 
                Moros.
SEC. 826. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4601.>>  MODIFICATION OF 
                        CONTRACTS AND OPTIONS TO PROVIDE ECONOMIC 
                        PRICE ADJUSTMENTS.

    (a) Authority.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
for the Department of Defense may be used to modify the terms and 
conditions of a contract or option to provide an economic price 
adjustment consistent with sections 16.203-1 and 16.203-2 of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation during the relevant period of performance for 
that contract or option and as specified in section 16.203-3 of the 
Federal Acquisition Regulation, to the extent and in such amounts as 
specifically provided in advance in appropriations Acts for the purposes 
of this section.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Guidance.--Not later than 30 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall issue guidance implementing the 
authority under this section.
SEC. 827. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4601.>>  MODIFICATIONS TO 
                        EARNED VALUE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM 
                        REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>>  In General.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Department of 
Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation shall be 
revised to--
            (1) exempt all software contracts and subcontracts of the 
        Department of Defense from earned value management system 
        requirements;
            (2) impose earned value management system requirements for 
        cost contracts or incentive contracts with a value greater than 
        or equal to $20,000,000 and less than $50,000,000; and
            (3) require a defense contractor to use an earned value 
        management system for contracts awarded with a value greater 
        than or equal to $50,000,000 and less than $100,000,000.

    (b) <<NOTE: Briefing. Timeline.>>  Implementation.--If the 
Department of Defense Supplement to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
is not revised as described in subsection (a) before the deadline 
specified in such subsection, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall provide to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on 
the timeline for such revisions.

[[Page 137 STAT. 336]]

               Subtitle C--Domestic Sourcing Requirements

SEC. 831. EMERGENCY ACQUISITION AUTHORITY FOR PURPOSES OF 
                        REPLENISHING UNITED STATES STOCKPILES.

    Section 3601(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A)(iv), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) with respect to an armed attack by a country 
                of concern (as defined in section 1(m) of the State 
                Department Basic Authorities Act of 1956 (22 U.S.C. 
                2651a(m)), to which the United States is not a party, 
                for purposes of--
                          ``(i) replenishing United States stockpiles of 
                      defense articles when such stockpiles are 
                      diminished as a result of the United States 
                      providing defense articles in response to such 
                      armed attack by a country of concern against--
                                    ``(I) a United States ally (as that 
                                term is defined in section 201(d) of the 
                                Act of December 2, 1942, titled `To 
                                provide benefits for the injury, 
                                disability, death, or enemy detention of 
                                employees of contractors with the United 
                                States, and for other purposes' (56 
                                Stat. 1028, chapter 668; 42 U.S.C. 
                                1711(d))); or
                                    ``(II) a United States partner; or
                          ``(ii) contracting for the movement or 
                      delivery of defense articles transferred to such 
                      ally or partner through the President's drawdown 
                      authorities under sections 506(a)(1) and 614 of 
                      the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 U.S.C. 
                      2318(a)(1) and 2364) in connection with such 
                      response.''.
SEC. 832. <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  REQUIREMENT FOR FULL DOMESTIC 
                        PRODUCTION OF FLAGS OF THE UNITED STATES 
                        ACQUIRED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 4862 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) A flag of the United States.''; and
            (2) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Subsection (a)'' 
                and inserting ``Except with respect to purchases of 
                flags of the United States, subsection (a)'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2)(A)(i) Except as provided by subparagraph (B), 
        subsection (a) does not apply to purchases of flags of the 
        United States for amounts not greater than $10,000.
                    ``(ii) A proposed procurement in an amount greater 
                than $10,000 may not be divided into several purchases

[[Page 137 STAT. 337]]

                or contracts for lesser amounts in order to qualify for 
                the exception under clause (i).
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Waiver authority. Determination.>>  The 
        Secretary of Defense may waive subsection (a) with respect to a 
        purchase of flags of the United States in an amount greater than 
        $10,000 if the Secretary of Defense determines such waiver 
        appropriate.
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  This section is applicable 
        to contracts and subcontracts for the procurement of flags of 
        the United States.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4862 note.>>  Applicability.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall apply only with respect to agreements entered 
into on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 833. AMENDMENT TO REQUIREMENT TO BUY CERTAIN METALS FROM 
                        AMERICAN SOURCES.

    (a) In General.--Section 4863 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) any specialty metal procured as mill product or 
        incorporated into a component other than an end item pursuant to 
        this subsection shall be melted or produced--
                    ``(A) in the United States;
                    ``(B) in the country from which the mill product or 
                component is procured; or
                    ``(C) in another country covered under subparagraph 
                (1)(B).'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (l) and (m) as subsections 
        (m) and (n), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (k) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(l) Provenance of Aerospace-grade Metals.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall require that, for any system or component for which the 
provenance of materials must be tracked to comply with safety 
regulations concerning flight, the supplier of such system or component 
shall inform the government if any of the materials were known to be 
manufactured or processed in--
            ``(A) China;
            ``(B) Iran;
            ``(C) North Korea; or
            ``(D) Russia.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Not later than March 31 of each year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report indicating how much specialty metal has been 
acquired and placed into systems of the Department of Defense from the 
countries described in paragraph (1).''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4863 note.>>  Effective Date.--Subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date that is 24 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 834. ACQUISITION OF SENSITIVE MATERIAL PROHIBITION EXCEPTION 
                        AMENDMENT.

    Section 4872(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking 
        ``Subsection (a)'' and inserting ``Subsection (a)(1)''; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 338]]

            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Defense determines that covered 
                materials'' and inserting the following: ``Defense--
                    ``(A) identifies a specific end item for which a 
                specific covered material'';
                    (B) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and'' ; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(B) waives subsection (a)(1) for such specific end 
                item and such specific covered material for a period not 
                exceeding 36 months.''.
SEC. 835. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 4201.>>  ENHANCED DOMESTIC 
                        CONTENT REQUIREMENT FOR MAJOR DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  In general.--Not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report assessing the domestic source content of procurements 
        carried out in connection with a major defense acquisition 
        program.
            (2) Information repository.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish an information repository for the collection and 
        analysis of information related to domestic source content for 
        products the Secretary deems critical, where such information 
        can be used for continuous data analysis and program management 
        activities.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Enhanced Domestic Content Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), for 
        purposes of chapter 83 of title 41, United States Code, 
        manufactured articles, materials, or supplies procured in 
        connection with a major defense acquisition program are 
        manufactured substantially all from articles, materials, or 
        supplies mined, produced, or manufactured in the United States 
        if the cost of such component articles, materials, or supplies--
                    (A) supplied not later than the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, exceeds 60 percent of cost of the 
                manufactured articles, materials, or supplies procured;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  supplied during the 
                period beginning January 1, 2024, and ending December 
                31, 2028, exceeds 65 percent of the cost of the 
                manufactured articles, materials, or supplies; and
                    (C) supplied on or after January 1, 2029, exceeds 75 
                percent of the cost of the manufactured articles, 
                materials, or supplies.
            (2) Exclusion for certain manufactured articles.--Paragraph 
        (1) shall not apply to manufactured articles that consist wholly 
        or predominantly of iron, steel, or a combination of iron and 
        steel.
            (3) Rulemaking to create a fallback threshold.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In general.--Not later 
                than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue rules to 
                determine the treatment of the lowest price offered for 
                a foreign end product for which 55 percent or more of 
                the component articles, materials, or supplies of such 
                foreign end product are manufactured substantially

[[Page 137 STAT. 339]]

                all from articles, materials, or supplies mined, 
                produced, or manufactured in the United States if--
                          (i) the application of paragraph (1) results 
                      in an unreasonable cost; or
                          (ii) no offers are submitted to supply 
                      manufactured articles, materials, or supplies 
                      manufactured substantially all from articles, 
                      materials, or supplies mined, produced, or 
                      manufactured in the United States.
                    (B) Termination.--Rules issued under this paragraph 
                shall cease to have force or effect on January 1, 2031.
            (4) Applicability.--The requirements of this subsection--
                    (A) shall apply to contracts entered into on or 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act;
                    (B) shall not apply to articles manufactured in 
                countries that have executed a reciprocal defense 
                procurement memorandum of understanding with the United 
                States entered into pursuant to section 4851 of title 
                10, United States Code; and
                    (C) shall not apply to a country that is a member of 
                the national technology and industrial base (as defined 
                by section 4801 of title 10, United States Code).

    (c) Major Defense Acquisition Program Defined.--The term ``major 
defense acquisition program'' has the meaning given in section 4201 of 
title 10, United States Code.

Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Programs for Accelerating Acquisition

SEC. 841. PILOT PROGRAM TO ACCELERATE CONTRACTING AND PRICING 
                        PROCESSES.

    Section 890 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 
3701.>>  is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(b) Implementation Guidance.--The Secretary, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall ensure 
that each senior contracting official (as defined in section 1737 of 
title 10, United States Code) for a contract described in subsection (a) 
has the discretion to implement the pilot program under this section 
efficiently and effectively by ensuring the following:
            ``(1) That the pilot program does not include any 
        preferences for contract type or specific contract requirements.
            ``(2) That each Secretary of a military department has 
        minimal reporting requirements to the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to the pilot 
        program.''; and
            (3) in subsection (d), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``January 2, 2024'' and inserting ``January 2, 2028''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 340]]

SEC. 842. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2341 note.>>  DEMONSTRATION AND 
                        PROTOTYPING PROGRAM TO ADVANCE 
                        INTERNATIONAL PRODUCT SUPPORT CAPABILITIES 
                        IN A CONTESTED LOGISTICS ENVIRONMENT.

    (a) Contested Logistics Demonstration and Prototyping Program 
Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a contested 
logistics demonstration and prototyping program to identify, develop, 
demonstrate, and field capabilities for product support in order to 
reduce or mitigate the risks associated with operations in a contested 
logistics environment.
    (b) Elements.--In carrying out the Program, the Secretary shall do 
the following:
            (1) Identify ways to capitalize on the inherent 
        interoperability, commonality, and interchangeability of 
        platforms and information systems operated by the United States 
        and one or more covered nations, including to enable effective 
        maintenance and repair activities in a contested logistics 
        environment.
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Determine, develop, or 
        establish best practices to reduce time needed to return 
        repaired equipment to service, including the use of--
                    (A) commercial best practices for rapid supply 
                support; and
                    (B) common or shared parts pools.
            (3) Explore opportunities to expand the ability to 
        preposition or store materials needed to enable rapid surge 
        capability or to support operations in a contested logistics 
        environment.
            (4) Identify, develop, demonstrate, and field effective and 
        efficient means of conducting repairs of equipment away from 
        permanent repair facilities.
            (5) Explore flexible approaches to contracting and use of 
        partnership agreements to enable use or development of the 
        capabilities of covered product support providers to 
        effectively, efficiently, and timely satisfy the product support 
        requirements of a combat commander and any applicable covered 
        nation in a contested logistics environment.
            (6) Identify the resources, including any additional 
        authorizations, required by the Secretary of Defense to reduce 
        or mitigate the risks associated with operations in a contested 
        logistics environment.
            (7) Identify and document impediments to the performance of 
        product support by covered product support providers in a 
        contested logistics environment, including impediments created 
        by statute, regulation, policy, agency guidance, or limitations 
        on expenditure, transfer, or receipt of funds for product 
        support in contested logistics environments.
            (8) Identify and document any statutory or regulatory 
        waivers or exemptions that may be applicable or necessary to 
        enable the United States and covered nations to jointly carry 
        out product support activities in contested logistics 
        environments located outside of the United States, including, 
        for each such waiver and exemption--
                    (A) the person responsible for requesting such 
                waiver or exemption;
                    (B) the criteria for approval of such waiver or 
                exemption; and
                    (C) the person responsible for approving such waiver 
                or exemption.

[[Page 137 STAT. 341]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  Advance Planning and Preparation.--The 
Secretary may establish a product support arrangement, including an 
agreement for prepositioning or storage of materials, with a covered 
product support provider to enable a rapid response in a contingency 
operation (as defined in section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code) 
to the product support requirements of such contingency operation.

    (d) Authorities.--In carrying out the Program, the Secretary may, in 
accordance with section 3 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
2753), use the authorities under sections 2342, 2474, 3601, 4021, and 
4022 of title 10, United States Code.
    (e) <<NOTE: Summaries. Recommenda- tions.>>  Report.--Not later than 
24 months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report summarizing Program activities, 
including--
            (1) any recommendations to reduce impediments to meeting the 
        requirements of a combatant command or covered nation for 
        product support in a contested logistics environment;
            (2) a summary of impediments identified under subsection 
        (b)(7) and specific recommendations for necessary changes to 
        statutory, regulatory, policy, agency guidance, or current 
        limitations on expenditure, transfer, or receipt of funds to 
        carry out the product support activities under this pilot 
        indefinitely;
            (3) a summary of waivers or exemptions identified under 
        subsection (b)(8), along with any recommendations for changes to 
        the processes for obtaining such waivers or exemptions; and
            (4) recommendations for improving the Program, including 
        whether to extend or make the Program permanent.

    (f) Development and Promulgation of Department of Defense 
Guidance. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall issue guidance 
implementing the Program.

    (g) Sunset.--The authority under this section shall terminate on the 
date that is three years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (h) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Contested logistics environment.--The term ``contested 
        logistics environment'' has the meaning given such term in 
        section 2926 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Covered nations.--The term ``covered nation'' means--
                    (A) Australia;
                    (B) Canada;
                    (C) New Zealand;
                    (D) the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern 
                Ireland; or
                    (E) other nations as designated as a covered nation 
                for the purposes of this Program by the Secretary.
            (3) Covered product support provider.--The term ``covered 
        product support provider'' means--
                    (A) a product support provider that includes an 
                entity within the government of a covered nation;
                    (B) a private sector product support provider; or
                    (C) a product support integrator domiciled in the 
                United States or a covered nation.
            (4) Product support; product support integrator; product 
        support provider.--The terms ``product support'', ``product 
        support integrator'', and ``product support provider''

[[Page 137 STAT. 342]]

        have the meanings given, respectively, in section 4324 of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (5) Product support arrangement.--
                    (A) In general.--The term ``product support 
                arrangement'' means a contract, task order, or any other 
                type of agreement or arrangement, between the United 
                States and a covered product support provider, for the 
                performance of the functions described in subparagraph 
                (B) with respect to--
                          (i) a platform or information system operated 
                      by the United States and the covered nation of 
                      such covered product support provider; or
                          (ii) a subsystem or components of such a 
                      platform or information system.
                    (B) Functions described.--The functions described in 
                this subparagraph, with respect to a platform, 
                information system, subsystem, or component described in 
                subparagraph (A), are the following:
                          (i) Performance-based logistics.
                          (ii) Sustainment support.
                          (iii) Contractor logistics support.
                          (iv) Life-cycle product support.
                          (v) Weapon system product support.
            (6) Program.--The term ``Program'' means the demonstration 
        and prototyping program established under subsection (a).
            (7) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Defense.
SEC. 843. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3601 note.>>  SPECIAL AUTHORITY FOR RAPID 
                        CONTRACTING FOR COMMANDERS OF COMBATANT 
                        COMMANDS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In General.--The commander of a 
combatant command, upon providing a written determination to a senior 
contracting official (as defined in section 1737 of title 10, United 
States Code), may request use of the special authorities described in 
subsection (b)--
            (1) in support of a contingency operation (as defined in 
        section 101(a) of title 10, United States Code);
            (2) to facilitate the defense against or recovery from a 
        cyber attack, nuclear attack, biological attack, chemical 
        attack, or radiological attack against the United States;
            (3) in support of a humanitarian or peacekeeping operation 
        (as the term is defined in section 3015(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code); and
            (4) for purposes of protecting the national security 
        interests of the United States during directed operations that 
        are below the threshold of traditional armed conflict.

    (b) Special Authorities Described.--The special authorities for 
contracting that may be used by the senior contracting official to 
rapidly respond to time-sensitive or unplanned emergency situations are 
as follows:
            (1) Procedures applicable to purchases below micro-purchase 
        threshold (described in section 1902 of title 41, United States 
        Code), with respect to a single contracting action taken under 
        subsection (a) for a contract to be awarded and performed, or 
        purchase to be made--
                    (A) in the United States, with a value less than 
                $15,000; or

[[Page 137 STAT. 343]]

                    (B) outside the United States, with a value less 
                than $25,000.
            (2) Simplified acquisition procedures (described in section 
        1901 of title 41, United States Code), with respect to a single 
        contracting action taken under subsection (a) for a contract to 
        be awarded and performed, or purchase to be made--
                    (A) in the United States, with a value less than 
                $750,000; or
                    (B) outside the United States, with a value less 
                than $1,500,000.
            (3) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  For simplified procedures for 
        purchases under section 3205 of title 10, United States Code, 
        subsection (a)(2) of such section shall be applied by 
        substituting ``$10,000,000'' for ``$5,000,000''.
            (4) The property or service being procured may be treated as 
        a commercial product or a commercial service for the purpose of 
        carrying out the procurement.

    (c) Determination.--A written determination required under 
subsection (a)--
            (1) may include more than one requested action;
            (2) may be directed to more than one senior contracting 
        official; and
            (3) shall include--
                    (A) the rationale for the request in accordance with 
                paragraphs (1) through (4) of such subsection;
                    (B) a description of any special authority 
                requested; and
                    (C) an attestation that funds are available for such 
                special authority.

    (d) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall terminate on 
September 30, 2028.
    (e) Annual Report.--Not later than January 15, 2025, and annually 
thereafter for four years, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in 
coordination with the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the use of the authority under this section for the fiscal 
year preceding the date of submission of the report. <<NOTE: Summary.>>  
The report shall include a summary of each instance of the authority 
being used, including--
            (1) an identification of each commander submitting a request 
        under subsection (a);
            (2) an identification of each senior contracting official 
        responding to such request; and
            (3) the specific special authority requested, including an 
        identification of the contractor that performed the contract and 
        the value of the contract.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 851. ADDITIONAL NATIONAL SECURITY OBJECTIVES FOR THE NATIONAL 
                        TECHNOLOGY AND INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    Section 4811(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``services, supplies, and'' before 
        ``materials''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
        ``, including by reducing reliance on potential adversaries for

[[Page 137 STAT. 344]]

        such services, supplies, and materials to the maximum extent 
        practicable''.
SEC. 852. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MENTOR-PROTEGE PROGRAM.

    Section 4902(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by redesignating subparagraphs (A) 
        through (D) as clauses (i) through (iv), respectively;
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B), respectively;
            (3) by striking ``Before providing assistance'' and 
        inserting ``(1) Before providing assistance''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  An agreement under this subsection may 
be a contract, cooperative agreement, or a partnership intermediary 
agreement.''.
SEC. 853. MODIFICATIONS TO THE PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 4951 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(C), by striking ``private, nonprofit 
        organization'' and inserting ``nonprofit organization''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) The term `business entity' means a corporation, 
        association, partnership, limited liability company, limited 
        liability partnership, consortia, not-for-profit, or other legal 
        entity.''.

    (b) Cooperative Agreements.--Section 4954 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B);
                    (B) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Under''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Waiver authority. Determination.>>  The Secretary 
shall have the ability to waive or modify the percentages specified in 
paragraph (1), on a case-by-case basis, if the Secretary determines that 
it would be in the best interest of the program.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (c) and redesignating subsections 
        (d), (e), and (f) as subsections (c), (d), and (e); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (e), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), the following new subsection:

    ``(f) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Waiver of Government Cost Share 
Restriction.--If the Secretary of Defense determines it to be in the 
best interests of the Federal Government, the Secretary may waive the 
restrictions on the percentage of eligible costs covered by the program 
under section (b). The <<NOTE: Submission.>>  Secretary shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a written justification for such 
determination.''.

    (c) Authority to Provide Certain Types of Technical Assistance.--
Section 4958(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) under clause 252.204-7012 of the Defense Acquisition 
        Regulation Supplement, or any successor regulation, and on 
        compliance with those requirements (and any successor 
        requirements); and

[[Page 137 STAT. 345]]

            ``(4) under section 847 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
        Stat. 1505), and on compliance with those requirements (and any 
        such successor requirements).''.
SEC. 854. MODIFICATION OF EFFECTIVE DATE FOR EXPANSION ON THE 
                        PROHIBITION ON ACQUIRING CERTAIN METAL 
                        PRODUCTS.

    Section 844(b) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 134 Stat. 
3766) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4872 note.>>  is amended by striking ``5 years'' 
and inserting ``6 years''.
SEC. 855. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR DISTRIBUTION SUPPORT AND 
                        SERVICES FOR WEAPONS SYSTEMS CONTRACTORS.

    Section 883 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 4292 note prec.) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``seven-year pilot 
        program'' and inserting ``eight-year pilot program''; and
            (2) in subsection (g), by striking ``seven years'' and 
        inserting ``eight years''.
SEC. 856. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 3241.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO 
                        ANALYZE AND MONITOR CERTAIN SUPPLY CHAINS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment shall establish and carry out a pilot 
program to analyze, map, and monitor supply chains for up to five 
covered weapons platforms, under which the Under Secretary shall--
            (1) identify impediments to production and opportunities to 
        expand the production of components of such a covered weapons 
        platform;
            (2) identify potential risks to and vulnerabilities of 
        suppliers for such covered weapons platforms and ways to 
        mitigate such risks; and
            (3) identify critical suppliers for such covered weapons 
        platforms.

    (b) Use of Tools.--The Under Secretary may use a combination of 
commercial tools and tools available to the Department of Defense to 
carry out the program established under this section, including 
artificial intelligence and machine learning tools to improve data 
analysis capabilities for such supply chains.
    (c) Annual Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter until the date specified 
in subsection (d), the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report containing--
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of the vulnerabilities of the 
        supply chains for each covered weapons platform selected under 
        subsection (a), categorized by severity of threat or risk to 
        deployment of such a platform;
            (2) for each vulnerability, a description of such 
        vulnerability, whether such vulnerability has been resolved, 
        and, if resolved, the time from identification to resolution; 
        and
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of any efficiencies 
        achieved by addressing impediments to the supply chain.

[[Page 137 STAT. 346]]

    (d) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program under 
this section shall terminate on January 1, 2028.
    (e) Covered Weapons Platform Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered weapons platform'' means any weapons platform identified in 
the reports submitted under section 1251(d)(1) of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (10 
U.S.C. 113 note).
SEC. 857. <<NOTE: 15 USC 18a note.>>  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        NOTIFICATION OF CERTAIN TRANSACTIONS.

    The parties to a proposed merger or acquisition that will require a 
review by the Department of Defense who are required to file the 
notification and provide supplementary information to the Department of 
Justice or the Federal Trade Commission under section 7A of the Clayton 
Act (15 U.S.C. 18a) shall concurrently provide such information to the 
Department of Defense during the waiting period under section 7A of the 
Clayton Act (15 U.S.C. 18a).

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

SEC. 860. AMENDMENTS TO DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT RAPID 
                        INNOVATION PROGRAM.

    Section 4061 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``to enable and assist small 
                      businesses'' after ``merit-based program'';
                          (ii) by striking ``fielding of technologies'' 
                      and inserting ``commercialization of various 
                      technologies, including critical technologies''; 
                      and
                          (iii) by inserting ``capabilities developed 
                      through competitively awarded prototype 
                      agreements'' after ``defense laboratories,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ``support the 
                integration of such products,'' after ``evaluation 
                outcomes,'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``primarily major 
                defense acquisition programs, but also other'' after 
                ``candidate proposals in support of''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``by each military 
                department'' and inserting ``by each Office of Small 
                Business Programs of each military department''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``$3,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$6,000,000''.
SEC. 861. ANNUAL REPORTS REGARDING THE SBIR PROGRAM OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 279(a) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 134 Stat. 
3507) is amended by striking ``each fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023'' 
and replacing with ``each fiscal year through fiscal year 2028''.
SEC. 862. PAYMENT OF SUBCONTRACTORS.

    (a) In General.--Section 8(d)(13) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 637(d)(13)) is amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 347]]

            (1) in subparagraph (B)(i), by striking ``90 days'' and 
        inserting ``30 days'';
            (2) in subparagraph (C)--
                    (A) by striking ``contract shall'' and inserting 
                ``contract--
                          ``(i) shall'';
                    (B) in clause (i), as so designated, by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) may enter or modify past performance 
                      information of the prime contractor in connection 
                      with the unjustified failure to make a full or 
                      timely payment to a subcontractor subject to this 
                      paragraph before or after close-out of the covered 
                      contract.'';
            (3) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``subparagraph (E)'' 
        and inserting ``subparagraph (F)'';
            (4) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); 
        and
            (5) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following:
                    ``(E) Cooperation.--
                          ``(i) In 
                      general. <<NOTE: Determination. Requirement. Consul
                      tation.>> --Once a contracting officer determines, 
                      with respect to the past performance of a prime 
                      contractor, that there was an unjustified failure 
                      by the prime contractor on a covered contract to 
                      make a full or timely payment to a subcontractor 
                      covered by subparagraph (B) or (C), the prime 
                      contractor is required to cooperate with the 
                      contracting officer, who shall consult with the 
                      Director of Small Business Programs or the 
                      Director of Small and Disadvantaged Business 
                      Utilization acting pursuant to section 15(k)(6) 
                      and other representatives of the Government, 
                      regarding correcting and mitigating the 
                      unjustified failure to make a full or timely 
                      payment to a subcontractor.
                          ``(ii) Duration.--The duty of cooperation 
                      under this subparagraph for a prime contractor 
                      described in clause (i) continues until the 
                      subcontractor is made whole or the determination 
                      of the contracting officer determination is no 
                      longer effective, and regardless of performance or 
                      close-out status of the covered contract.''.

    (b) Regulations. <<NOTE: Deadline. Determination. 15 USC 637 
note.>> --Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the Federal Acquisition 
Regulatory Council proposed revisions to regulations that the 
Administrator determines necessary to carry out the amendments made by 
this section.
SEC. 863. INCREASE IN GOVERNMENTWIDE GOAL FOR PARTICIPATION IN 
                        FEDERAL CONTRACTS BY SMALL BUSINESS 
                        CONCERNS OWNED AND CONTROLLED BY SERVICE-
                        DISABLED VETERANS.

    Section 15(g)(1)(A)(ii) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
644(g)(1)(A)(ii)) is amended by striking ``3 percent'' and inserting ``5 
percent''.
SEC. 864. <<NOTE: 15 USC 644 note.>>  ELIMINATING SELF-
                        CERTIFICATION FOR SERVICE-DISABLED 
                        VETERAN-OWNED SMALL BUSINESSES.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 137 STAT. 348]]

            (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the Small Business Administration.
            (2) Small business concern; small business concerns owned 
        and controlled by service-disabled veterans.--The terms ``small 
        business concern'' and ``small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by service-disabled veterans'' have the meanings 
        given those terms in section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 632).

    (b) Eliminating Self-Certification in Prime Contracting and 
Subcontracting for SDVOSBs.--
            (1) In general.--Each prime contract award and subcontract 
        award that is counted for the purpose of meeting the goals for 
        participation by small business concerns owned and controlled by 
        service-disabled veterans in procurement contracts for Federal 
        agencies, as established in section 15(g)(2) of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644(g)(2)), shall be entered into with 
        small business concerns certified by the Administrator as small 
        business concerns owned and controlled by service-disabled 
        veterans under section 36 of such Act (15 U.S.C. 657f).
            (2) Effective date.--Paragraph (1) shall take effect on 
        October 1 of the fiscal year beginning after the Administrator 
        promulgates the regulations required under subsection (d).

    (c) Phased Approach to Eliminating Self-Certification for 
SDVOSBs. <<NOTE: Time periods. Determination.>> --Notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, any small business concern that self-certified 
as a small business concern owned and controlled by service-disabled 
veterans may--
            (1) if the small business concern files a certification 
        application with the Administrator before the end of the 1-year 
        period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        maintain such self-certification until the Administrator makes a 
        determination with respect to such certification; and
            (2) if the small business concern does not file a 
        certification application before the end of the 1-year period 
        beginning on the date of enactment of this Act, lose, at the end 
        of such 1-year period, any self-certification of the small 
        business concern as a small business concern owned and 
        controlled by service-disabled veterans.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Rulemaking.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall 
promulgate regulations to carry out this section.
SEC. 865. <<NOTE: Deadline. Requirements. Contracts. 10 USC 3301 
                        note.>>  CONSIDERATION OF THE PAST 
                        PERFORMANCE OF AFFILIATE COMPANIES OF 
                        SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS.

    Not later than July 1, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall amend 
section 215.305 of the Defense Federal Acquisition Supplement (or any 
successor regulation) to require that when small business concerns bid 
on Department of Defense contracts, the past performance evaluation and 
source selection processes shall consider, if relevant, the past 
performance information of affiliate companies of the small business 
concerns.

[[Page 137 STAT. 349]]

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 871. EXTENSION OF MISSION MANAGEMENT PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 871 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81; 10 U.S.C. 191 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``In General.--Except'' and 
                      inserting the following: ``In General.--
                    ``(A) Selection.--Except''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:
                    ``(B) Delegation of oversight and management.--The 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense may delegate to one or more 
                mission managers the responsibility to oversee the 
                selected missions and provide mission management.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) Identification of funding.--For each mission selected 
        under paragraph (1), the Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
        identify funding sources in detail in defense budget materials 
        submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
        United States Code, for the first year for which the selected 
        mission is intended to be carried out. Such materials shall also 
        include a description of each such selected mission and the 
        proposed solution to achieve the goals of such mission.'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (E), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraph (F) as 
                subparagraph (G); and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) assist the Deputy Secretary of Defense in the 
                identification of funding that could contribute to the 
                mission through existing authorized methods to realign, 
                reprogram, or transfer funds; and'';
            (3) in subsection (f)(1)(A), by striking ``every six months 
        thereafter until the date that is five years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``annually thereafter 
        until September 30, 2028''; and
            (4) in subsection (h), by striking ``terminate on the date 
        that is five years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' 
        and inserting ``terminate on September 30, 2028''.
SEC. 872. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM TO INCENTIVIZE CONTRACTING 
                        WITH EMPLOYEE-OWNED BUSINESSES.

    Section 874 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2022 (10 U.S.C. 3204 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``and prescribe 
                regulations'' after ``establish a pilot program'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by inserting ``or for'' after ``services 
                      procured by''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``or for'' after ``may be 
                      procured by''; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 350]]

                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``A qualified'' 
                and inserting ``Each contract held by a qualified'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``expended on 
        subcontracts, subject to such necessary and reasonable waivers'' 
        and inserting the following: ``expended on subcontracts, 
        except--
                    ``(A) to the extent subcontracted amounts exceeding 
                50 percent are subcontracted to other qualified 
                businesses wholly-owned through an Employee Stock 
                Ownership Plan;
                    ``(B) in the case of contracts for products, to the 
                extent subcontracted amounts exceeding 50 percent are 
                for materials not available from another qualified 
                business wholly-owned through an Employee Stock 
                Ownership Plan; or
                    ``(C) pursuant to such necessary and reasonable 
                waivers''; and
            (3) in subsection (e), by striking ``five years after'' and 
        inserting ``eight years after''.
SEC. 873. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 301 note.>>  PROGRAM AND 
                        PROCESSES RELATING TO FOREIGN ACQUISITION.

    (a) Pilot Program for Combatant Command Use of Defense Acquisition 
Workforce Development Account.--Each commander of a geographic combatant 
command may use amounts from the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Account established under section 1705 of title 10, United 
States Code, to hire not more than two members of the acquisition 
workforce (as defined in section 101 of such title) or contracting 
officers to advise the combatant command on the processes for foreign 
military sales authorized under chapter 2 of the Arms Export Control Act 
(22 U.S.C. 2761 et seq.) and the Department of Defense security 
cooperation processes under chapter 16 of title 10, United States Code, 
for the purpose of facilitating the effective implementation of such 
processes.
    (b) Industry Day.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2024, and not less 
        frequently than annually thereafter, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall conduct an event to be known as the ``industry day''--
                    (A) to raise awareness and understanding among 
                officials of foreign governments, covered embassy 
                personnel, and representatives of the defense industrial 
                base with respect to the role of the Department of 
                Defense in implementing the foreign military sales 
                process and the Department of Defense security 
                cooperation process; and
                    (B) to raise awareness--
                          (i) within the private sector of the United 
                      States with respect to--
                                    (I) foreign demand for United States 
                                weapon systems; and
                                    (II) potential foreign industry 
                                partnering opportunities; and
                          (ii) among officials of foreign governments 
                      and covered embassy personnel with respect to 
                      potential United States materiel solutions for 
                      capability needs.
            (2) Format. <<NOTE: Public information.>> --In conducting 
        each industry day under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense, 
        to the extent practicable, shall seek to maximize participation 
        by representatives of the

[[Page 137 STAT. 351]]

        defense industrial base and government officials while 
        minimizing cost, by--
                    (A) ensuring that information provided at the 
                industry day is unclassified;
                    (B) making the industry day publicly accessible 
                through teleconference or other virtual means; and
                    (C <<NOTE: Web posting.>> ) posting any supporting 
                materials on a publicly accessible internet website.
            (3) Covered embassy personnel. <<NOTE: Definition.>> --In 
        this subsection, the term ``covered embassy personnel'' means 
        personnel at United States diplomatic and consular posts and 
        personnel of foreign missions located in the United States.

    (c) Senior-level Industry Advisory Group.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with representatives of the defense industrial base, 
shall establish or designate senior-level individuals working in the 
defense industrial base to serve on an advisory group for the purpose of 
focusing on the role of the Department of Defense in the foreign 
military sales process and the Department of Defense security 
cooperation process. Such advisory group shall terminate on the date 
specified in subsection (f).
    (d) Department of Defense Points of Contact for Foreign Military 
Sales.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment and the Secretary of each military 
        department shall each designate an individual to serve as a 
        single point of contact--
                    (A) to coordinate information and outreach on 
                Department of Defense implementation of the foreign 
                military sales process; and
                    (B) to respond to inquiries from representatives of 
                the defense industrial base and partner countries.
            (2) Points of contact.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment and the Secretary of each military 
        department shall each ensure that the contact information for 
        each individual designated under paragraph (1) is publicized at 
        each industry day conducted under subsection (b) and 
        disseminated among the members of the advisory group established 
        under subsection (c).
            (3) Termination.--The responsibilities of each individual 
        designated under paragraph (1) shall terminate on the date 
        specified in subsection (f).

    (e) Regional Theater Needs for Exportability. <<NOTE: List.>> --Not 
later than July 1, 2024, and annually thereafter until the date 
specified in (f), the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment, in consultation with the commander of each geographic 
combatant command, the Director of Strategy, Plans, and Policy on the 
Joint Staff, each Secretary of a military department, and the Secretary 
of State, shall provide to the Secretary of Defense a list of systems 
relating to research and development, procurement, or sustainment that 
would benefit from investment for exportability features in support of 
the security cooperation objectives of the regional theaters.

    (f) Termination.--The requirements of and the authority under this 
section shall cease to have effect on December 31, 2028.

[[Page 137 STAT. 352]]

SEC. 874. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3804 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO 
                        INCENTIVIZE PROGRESS PAYMENTS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment shall establish and implement a pilot program to 
incentivize contractor performance by paying covered contractors a 
progress payment rate that is up to 10 percent higher than the customary 
progress payment rate on a contract-by-contract basis.
    (b) Incentive Criteria.--The Under Secretary shall develop and 
establish clear and measurable criteria for the payment to contractors 
of higher progress payments as described in subsection (a), including 
criteria for qualifying for such payments and the amount of such 
payments.
    (c) Applicability.--The Under Secretary shall apply the criteria 
established under subsection (b) and any associated incentive on a 
contract-by-contract basis when determining whether to pay a contractor 
a higher progress payment under the pilot program established under 
subsection (a) and the amount of such payment.
    (d) Participation Voluntary.--Participation in the pilot program 
established under subsection (a) shall be on a voluntary basis.
    (e) Notice and Comment. <<NOTE: Public comment. Deadline.>> --The 
Under Secretary shall issue the regulations implementing the pilot 
program established under subsection (a) and establishing the criteria 
required by subsection (b) after notice and an opportunity for public 
comment of not more than 30 days.

    (f) Report. <<NOTE: List.>> --Not later than September 30, 2024, and 
annually thereafter, the Under Secretary for Acquisition and Sustainment 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives a report on the implementation and activities of the 
pilot program established under subsection (a), including a 
comprehensive list of contractors that received increased progress 
payments under the pilot program and the contracts with respect to which 
such increased progress payments were made.

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered contractor.--The term ``covered contractor'' 
        means a contractor of the Department of Defense that is eligible 
        for progress payments under section 3804 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (2) Customary progress payment rate.--The term ``customary 
        progress payment rate'' refers to the rate of progress payments 
        provided for under section 3804 of title 10, United States Code, 
        and payable in accordance with the applicable provisions of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation and the Defense Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation Supplement.
            (3) Under secretary.--The term ``Under Secretary'' means the 
        Under Secretary for Acquisition and Sustainment.

    (h) Sunset.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided by paragraph (2), the 
        authority to carry out the pilot program established under 
        subsection (a) shall terminate on January 1, 2029.
            (2) Existing contracts.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a 
        contractor that the Under Secretary determines under the pilot 
        program established under subsection (a) shall be paid a higher 
        progress payment under such pilot program with respect to a 
        contract in effect as of the date described in paragraph (1) 
        shall receive such higher progress payments until the earlier 
        of--

[[Page 137 STAT. 353]]

                    (A) the termination or expiration of the contract; 
                or
                    (B) the date on which the contractor becomes 
                ineligible for progress payments or higher progress 
                payments under such pilot program.
SEC. 875. STUDY ON REDUCING BARRIERS TO ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL 
                        PRODUCTS AND SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall conduct a 
study on the feasibility and advisability of--
            (1) establishing a default determination that products and 
        services acquired by the Department of Defense are commercial 
        and do not require commercial determination as provided under 
        section 3456 of title 10, United States Code;
            (2) establishing a requirement for a product or service to 
        be determined not to be a commercial product or service prior to 
        the use of procedures other than procedures under part 12 of the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulation; and
            (3) mandating the use of commercial procedures under part 12 
        of the Federal Acquisition Regulation unless a justification for 
        a determination that a product or service is not a commercial 
        product or service is determined.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the findings of the study conducted under 
subsection (a). <<NOTE: Data. Recommenda- tions.>>  The report shall 
include specific findings with relevant data and proposed 
recommendations, including any necessary and desirable modifications to 
applicable statute for any changes the Department seeks to make 
regarding paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection (a).

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Conforming amendments to carry out elimination of position of 
           Chief Management Officer.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of Director of Cost 
           Assessment and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 903. Establishment of Office of Strategic Capital.
Sec. 904. Establishment and assignment of roles and responsibilities for 
           combined joint all-domain command and control in support of 
           integrated joint warfighting.
Sec. 905. Principal Deputy Assistant Secretaries to support Assistant 
           Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
           Conflict.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 911. Additional requirements under general policy for total force 
           management.
Sec. 912. Addition of College of International Security Affairs to 
           National Defense University.
Sec. 913. Codification of the Defense Innovation Unit.
Sec. 914. Repeal of authority to appoint a Naval Research Advisory 
           Committee.
Sec. 915. Eligibility of members of Space Force for instruction at the 
           Naval Postgraduate School.
Sec. 916. Membership of the Air Force Reserve Forces Policy Committee.
Sec. 917. Modification of cross-functional team to address emerging 
           threat relating to anomalous health incidents.
Sec. 918. Technology release and foreign disclosure reform initiative.
Sec. 919. Software-based capability to facilitate scheduling between the 
           Department of Defense and Congress.
Sec. 920. Metrics to operationalize audit readiness.

[[Page 137 STAT. 354]]

Sec. 921. Next generation business health metrics.
Sec. 922. Independent assessment of defense business enterprise 
           architecture.
Sec. 923. Future force design of the Department of the Air Force.
Sec. 924. Feasibility study on the consolidation or transfer of space 
           functions of the National Guard to the Space Force.

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

SEC. 901. CONFORMING AMENDMENTS TO CARRY OUT ELIMINATION OF 
                        POSITION OF CHIEF MANAGEMENT OFFICER.

    (a) Removal of References to Chief Management Officer in Provisions 
of Law Relating to Precedence.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in section 133a(c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``, the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense, and the Chief Management Officer 
                of the Department of Defense'' and inserting ``and the 
                Deputy Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer,'';
            (2) in section 133b(c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense,''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer,'';
            (3) in section 137a(d), by striking ``the Chief Management 
        Officer of the Department of Defense,''; and
            (4) in section 138(d), by striking ``the Chief Management 
        Officer of the Department of Defense,''.

    (b) Assignment of Periodic Review of Defense Agencies and DOD Field 
Activities to Secretary of Defense.--Section 192(c) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) in subparagraphs (B) and (C), by striking ``the 
                Chief Management Officer'' and inserting ``the 
                Secretary''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the Chief Management 
        Officer'' each place it appears and inserting ``the Secretary''.

    (c) Assignment of Responsibility for Financial Improvement and Audit 
Remediation to Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller).--Section 240b 
of such title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``The Chief Management 
        Officer of the Department of Defense shall, in consultation with 
        the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller),'' and inserting 
        ``The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall, in 
        consultation with the Performance Improvement Officer of the 
        Department of Defense,''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(C)(ii), by striking ``the Chief 
        Management Officer'' and inserting ``the Performance Improvement 
        Officer''.

    (d) Removal of Chief Management Officer as Recipient of Reports of 
Audits by External Auditors.--Section

[[Page 137 STAT. 355]]

240d(d)(1)(A) of such title is amended by striking ``and the Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense''.
    (e) Conforming Amendments to Provisions of Law Related to Freedom of 
Information Act Exemptions.--Such title is further amended--
            (1) in section 130e--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d);
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as 
                subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                    (C) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``, or the Secretary's 
                      designee,''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, through the Office of the 
                      Director of Administration and Management''; and
            (2) in section 2254a--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c);
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c); and
                    (C) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
                          (i) by striking ``, or the Secretary's 
                      designee,''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, through the Office of the 
                      Director of Administration and Management''.

    (f) Assignment of Responsibility for Annual Review of Agency 
Information Technology Portfolio to the Chief Information Officer.--
Section 11319(d)(4) of title 40, United States Code, is amended, in the 
second sentence, by striking ``the Chief Management Officer of the 
Department of Defense (or any successor to such Officer), in 
consultation with the Chief Information Officer, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, and'' and inserting ``the Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense, in consultation with 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and''.
    (g) Removal of Chief Management Officer as Required Coordinator on 
Defense Resale Matters.--Section 631(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 
2481 note) is amended by striking ``, in coordination with the Chief 
Management Officer of the Department of Defense,''.
SEC. 902. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES 
                        OF DIRECTOR OF COST ASSESSMENT AND PROGRAM 
                        EVALUATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 139a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking ``, ensuring'' and inserting 
                      ``and ensuring''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``, and assessing'' and all 
                      that follows through ``economy''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (8), by inserting after ``defense 
                resources'' the following: ``, including the 
                standardization of analytical methodologies and the 
                establishment and maintenance of a centralized knowledge 
                repository of physical attributes or other data for 
                modeling and simulation purposes''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(e) Program Evaluation Competitive Analysis Cell.--

[[Page 137 STAT. 356]]

            ``(1) Not later than June 1, 2024, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall establish a team, to be known as the `Program Evaluation 
        Competitive Analysis Cell' (referred to in this subsection as 
        the `Cell'), to critically assess the analytical methodologies, 
        assumptions, and data used in key strategic and operational 
        analyses conducted by the Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Designation.>>  designate an 
                individual to serve as the head of the Cell; and
                    ``(B) ensure that the Cell has a sufficient number 
                of personnel to carry out the duties described in this 
                subsection.
            ``(3) The Cell shall be independent of the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation. The head of the Cell shall 
        report directly to the Secretary of Defense or the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense.
            ``(4)(A) Not less frequently than once every two years, the 
        Cell shall conduct an alternative operational or strategic 
        analysis of an analytical question identified by the Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff under subparagraph (B). In conducting 
        such alternative analysis, the Cell shall use assumptions 
        different from the assumptions used by the Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation for the original analysis of 
        such question.
            ``(B) For purposes of each alternative analysis required 
        under subparagraph (A), at an appropriate time before the 
        commencement of such analysis--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: List.>>  the Director of the Joint 
                Staff shall submit to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
                of Staff a list of not fewer than three operational or 
                strategic questions previously studied by the Director 
                of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation that could 
                potentially serve as the basis of for such alternative 
                analysis; and
                    ``(ii) from such list, the Chairman shall select one 
                question to serve as the basis for such analysis.

    ``(f) Inclusion of Risk Estimates in Certain Submissions.--In any 
case in which the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
submits to the Secretary of Defense an analytical product that 
recommends not meeting or changing a requirement established by the 
Joint Requirements Oversight Council, the Director shall include with 
such submission--
            ``(1) a risk assessment that assesses any risks of the 
        recommended course of action with respect to the execution of 
        operational plans and the long-term ability of the armed forces 
        to meet the needs of combatant commanders (as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense); and
            ``(2) a risk estimate from the military service in question 
        that assesses the risks described in paragraph (1).

    ``(g) Annual Reports.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2024, and 
        annually thereafter, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on any strategic and operational analyses conducted 
        under paragraphs (2), (3), (6), (7), or (8) of subsection 
        (d). <<NOTE: Reviews.>>  Each report shall include--

[[Page 137 STAT. 357]]

                    ``(A) a review of strategic portfolio reviews 
                completed in the fiscal year preceding submission of the 
                report and a description of such reviews planned for the 
                fiscal year that begins after submission of the report;
                    ``(B) a review of analyses of alternatives completed 
                in the fiscal year preceding submission of the report 
                and a description of such analyses planned for the 
                fiscal year that begins after submission of the report; 
                and
                    ``(C) a review of defense program projections 
                completed in the fiscal year preceding submission of the 
                report and a description of such projections planned for 
                the fiscal year that begins after submission of the 
                report.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--Each report 
        required by paragraph (1) shall be submitted in classified form, 
        but shall include an unclassified summary.
            ``(3) Briefings.--Not later than 15 days after the 
        submission of each report required by paragraph (1), the 
        Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall provide 
        to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
        contents of the report.

    ``(h) Quarterly Briefings.--Beginning not later than 30 days after 
the date of the enactment of this subsection, and on a quarterly basis 
thereafter, the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
activities carried out by Director during the preceding quarter an any 
ongoing activities of the Director as of the date of briefing.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 139a note.>>  Pilot Program on Alternative 
Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2024, the Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation shall establish a pilot 
        program on alternative analysis (referred to in this subsection 
        as the ``pilot program'').
            (2) Structure. <<NOTE: Establishment. Time periods.>> --
        Under the pilot program, the Director shall establish three 
        analytical groups focused on programmatic analysis in the 
        following:
                    (A) Year 1 of the future-years defense program under 
                section 221 of title 10, United States Code, beginning 
                with fiscal year 2025.
                    (B) Years 2 through 5 of the future-years defense 
                program.
                    (C) Years outside the future-years defense program.
            (3) Requirements.--The Director shall ensure that at least 
        one strategic portfolio review or an equivalent analytical 
        effort is conducted each year under the pilot program.
            (4) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate on 
        September 30, 2028.

    (c) Establishment of Analysis Working Group.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than May 1, 2024, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall establish within the Department of Defense a 
        working group to be known as the ``Analysis Working Group''.
            (2) Personnel.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        the Analysis Working Group possesses sufficient full-time 
        equivalent support personnel to carry out the duties of the 
        Group, including expansive coordination activities across the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) Membership.--

[[Page 137 STAT. 358]]

                    (A) Regular members.--The Analysis Working Group 
                shall be composed of at least one representative from 
                each of the following components of the Department of 
                Defense:
                          (i) The Office of the Director of Cost 
                      Assessment and Program Evaluation.
                          (ii) The Directorate for Joint Force 
                      Development (J7) of the Joint Staff.
                          (iii) The Directorate for Force Structure, 
                      Resources, and Assessment (J8) of the Joint Staff.
                          (iv) The Office of the Secretary of Defense 
                      for Policy.
                          (v) The Chief Digital and Artificial 
                      Intelligence Office.
                    (B) Observers.--At least one representative from 
                each of the following commands shall serve as observers 
                of the Analysis Working Group:
                          (i) The United States Indo-Pacific Command.
                          (ii) The United States European Command.
                          (iii) The United States Central Command.
            (4) Duties.--The Analysis Working Group shall--
                    (A) establish clear priorities and standards to 
                focus analysts on decision support;
                    (B) improve transparency of methodologies, tools, 
                and tradecraft across the analytic community, including 
                testing and validation for new or emerging 
                methodologies, tools, and tradecraft;
                    (C) improve quality of and expand access to data, 
                including evaluation of new data sets, or application of 
                existing data sets in new or novel ways;
                    (D) evolve the methodologies, tools, and tradecraft 
                methods and tools used in strategic analysis;
                    (E) resolve classified access and infrastructure 
                challenges;
                    (F) foster a workforce and organizations that are 
                innovative, creative, and provide high-quality strategic 
                decision support; and
                    (G) carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
                of Defense determines appropriate.

    (d) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in subsection (b) or (c) shall be 
construed to interfere with the authority of the Chiefs of Staff of the 
Armed Forces to establish military requirements, performance 
requirements, and joint performance requirements, or the authority of 
the Joint Requirements Oversight Council to validate such requirements 
under section 181 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 903. ESTABLISHMENT OF OFFICE OF STRATEGIC CAPITAL.

    (a) Establishment of Office.--Chapter 4 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 241, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 131.>>  is further 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 149. <<NOTE: 10 USC 149.>>  Office of Strategic Capital

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is in the Office of the Secretary of 
Defense an office to be known as the Office of Strategic Capital (in 
this section referred to as the `Office').
    ``(b) Director.--The Office shall be headed by a Director (in this 
section referred to as the `Director'), who shall be appointed

[[Page 137 STAT. 359]]

by the Secretary from among employees in Senior Executive Service 
positions (as defined in section 3132 of title 5), or from outside the 
civil service who have successfully held equivalent positions.
    ``(c) Duties.--The Office shall--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Strategies.>>  develop, integrate, and 
        implement capital investment strategies proven in the commercial 
        sector to shape and scale investment in critical technologies 
        and assets;
            ``(2) identify and prioritize promising critical 
        technologies and assets that require capital assistance and have 
        the potential to benefit the Department of Defense; and
            ``(3) make eligible investments in such technologies and 
        assets, such as supply chain technologies not always supported 
        through direct investment.

    ``(d) Non-Federal Funding Requirements for Certain Investments.--In 
the case of an eligible investment made through a direct loan, not less 
than 80 percent of the total capital provided for the specific 
technology to be funded by the investment shall be derived from non-
Federal sources as of the time of the investment.
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `capital assistance' means a loan, loan 
        guarantee, or technical assistance.
            ``(2) The term `covered technology category' means the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Advanced bulk materials.
                    ``(B) Advanced manufacturing.
                    ``(C) Autonomous mobile robots.
                    ``(D) Battery storage.
                    ``(E) Biochemicals.
                    ``(F) Bioenergetics.
                    ``(G) Biomass.
                    ``(H) Cybersecurity.
                    ``(I) Data fabric.
                    ``(J) Decision science.
                    ``(K) Edge computing.
                    ``(L) External communication.
                    ``(M) Hydrogen generation and storage.
                    ``(N) Mesh networks.
                    ``(O) Microelectronics assembly, testing, or 
                packaging.
                    ``(P) Microelectronics design and development.
                    ``(Q) Microelectronics fabrication.
                    ``(R) Microelectronics manufacturing equipment.
                    ``(S) Microelectronics materials.
                    ``(T) Nanomaterials and metamaterials.
                    ``(U) Open RAN.
                    ``(V) Optical communications.
                    ``(W) Sensor hardware.
                    ``(X) Solar.
                    ``(Y) Space launch.
                    ``(Z) Spacecraft.
                    ``(AA) Space-enabled services and equipment.
                    ``(BB) Synthetic biology.
                    ``(CC) Quantum computing.
                    ``(DD) Quantum security.
                    ``(EE) Quantum sensing.
            ``(3) The term `eligible entity' means--
                    ``(A) an individual;

[[Page 137 STAT. 360]]

                    ``(B) a corporation;
                    ``(C) a partnership, which may include a public-
                private partnership, limited partnership, or general 
                partnership;
                    ``(D) a joint venture;
                    ``(E) a trust;
                    ``(F) a State, including a political subdivision or 
                any other instrumentality of a State;
                    ``(G) a Tribal government or consortium of Tribal 
                governments;
                    ``(H) any other governmental entity or public agency 
                in the United States, including a special purpose 
                district or public authority, including a port 
                authority;
                    ``(I) a multi-State or multi-jurisdictional group of 
                public entities; or
                    ``(J) a strategic alliance among two or more 
                entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (I).
            ``(4) The term `eligible investment' means an investment, in 
        the form of capital assistance provided to an eligible entity, 
        for a technology that--
                    ``(A) is in a covered technology category; and
                    ``(B) is not a technology that solely has defense 
                applications.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4811 note.>>  Pilot Program on Capital Assistance 
to Support Defense Investment in the Industrial Base.--
            (1) Capital assistance.--To the extent and in such amounts 
        as specifically provided in advance in appropriations Acts for 
        the purposes detailed in this subsection, the Secretary of 
        Defense, acting through the Director of the Office of Strategic 
        Capital (referred to in this section as the ``Director''), may 
        carry out a pilot program under this subsection to provide 
        capital assistance to eligible entities for eligible investments 
        to develop technologies that support the duties and elements of 
        the Office and meet the needs of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Eligibility and application process.--
                    (A) In general.--An eligible entity seeking capital 
                assistance for an eligible investment under this 
                subsection shall submit to the Director an application 
                at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
                information as the Director may require.
                    (B) Selection of investments. <<NOTE: Criteria.>> --
                The Director shall establish criteria for selecting 
                among eligible investments for which applications are 
                submitted under subparagraph (A). The criteria shall 
                include--
                          (i) the extent to which an investment supports 
                      the national security or economic interests of the 
                      United States;
                          (ii) the likelihood that capital assistance 
                      provided for an investment would enable the 
                      investment to proceed sooner than the investment 
                      would otherwise be able to proceed; and
                          (iii) the creditworthiness of an investment.
            (3) Capital assistance.--
                    (A) Loans and loan guarantees.--

[[Page 137 STAT. 361]]

                          (i) In general.--To the extent and in such 
                      amounts as specifically provided in advance in 
                      appropriations Acts for the purposes detailed in 
                      this subsection, the Director may provide loans or 
                      loan guarantees to finance or refinance the costs 
                      of an eligible investment selected pursuant to 
                      paragraph (2)(B).
                          (ii) Administration of loans.--
                                    (I) Interest rate.--
                                            (aa) In general.--Except as 
                                        provided under item (bb), the 
                                        interest rate on a loan provided 
                                        under clause (i) shall be not 
                                        less than the yield on 
                                        marketable United States 
                                        Treasury securities of a similar 
                                        maturity to the maturity of the 
                                        loan on the date of execution of 
                                        the loan agreement.
                                            (bb) 
                                        Exception. <<NOTE: Waiver 
                                        authority.>> --The Director may 
                                        waive the requirement under item 
                                        (aa) with respect to an 
                                        investment if the investment is 
                                        determined by the Secretary of 
                                        Defense to be vital to the 
                                        national security of the United 
                                        States.
                                            (cc) Criteria.--The Director 
                                        shall establish separate and 
                                        distinct criteria for interest 
                                        rates for loan guarantees with 
                                        private sector lending 
                                        institutions.
                                    (II) Final maturity date.--The final 
                                maturity date of a loan provided under 
                                clause (i) shall be not later than 50 
                                years after the date on which the loan 
                                was provided.
                                    (III) Prepayment.--A loan provided 
                                under clause (i) may be paid earlier 
                                than is provided for under the loan 
                                agreement without a penalty.
                                    (IV) Nonsubordination.--
                                            (aa) In general.--A loan 
                                        provided under clause (i) shall 
                                        not be subordinated to the 
                                        claims of any holder of 
                                        investment obligations in the 
                                        event of bankruptcy, insolvency, 
                                        or liquidation of the obligor.
                                            (bb) 
                                        Exception. <<NOTE: Waiver 
                                        authority.>> --The Director may 
                                        waive the requirement under item 
                                        (aa) with respect to the 
                                        investment in order to mitigate 
                                        risks to loan repayment.
                                    (V) Sale of loans.--The Director may 
                                sell to another entity or reoffer into 
                                the capital markets a loan provided 
                                under clause (i) if the Director 
                                determines that the sale or reoffering 
                                can be made on favorable terms.
                                    (VI) Loan guarantees.--Any loan 
                                guarantee provided under clause (i) 
                                shall specify the percentage of the 
                                principal amount guaranteed. If the 
                                Secretary determines that the holder of 
                                a loan guaranteed by the Department of 
                                Defense defaults on the loan, the 
                                Director shall pay the holder as 
                                specified in the loan guarantee 
                                agreement.
                                    (VII) Investment-grade rating.--The 
                                Director shall establish a credit rating 
                                system to ensure a reasonable 
                                reassurance of repayment.

[[Page 137 STAT. 362]]

                                The system may include use of existing 
                                credit rating agencies where 
                                appropriate.
                                    (VIII) Terms and conditions.--Loans 
                                and loan guarantees provided under 
                                clause (i) shall be subject to such 
                                other terms and conditions and contain 
                                such other covenants, representations, 
                                warranties, and requirements (including 
                                requirements for audits) as the 
                                Secretary determines appropriate.
                                    (IX) Applicability of federal credit 
                                reform act of 1990.--Loans and loan 
                                guarantees provided under clause (i) 
                                shall be subject to the requirements of 
                                the Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 
                                U.S.C. 661 et seq.).
                    (B) Technical assistance.--Subject to appropriations 
                Acts, the Director may provide technical assistance with 
                respect to developing and financing investments to 
                eligible entities seeking capital assistance for 
                eligible investments and eligible entities receiving 
                capital assistance under this subsection.
                    (C) Terms and conditions.--
                          (i) Amount of capital assistance.--To the 
                      extent and in such amounts as specifically 
                      provided in advance in appropriations Acts for the 
                      purposes detailed in this subsection, the Director 
                      shall provide to an eligible investment selected 
                      pursuant to paragraph (2)(B) the amount of capital 
                      assistance necessary to carry out the investment.
                          (ii) Use of united states dollars.--All 
                      financial transactions conducted under this 
                      section shall be conducted in United States 
                      dollars.
            (4) Non-federal funding requirements.--The requirements of 
        section 149(d) of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
        subsection (a)) shall apply to eligible investments under this 
        subsection.
            (5) Establishment of accounts.--
                    (A) Credit program account.--
                          (i) Establishment.--There is established in 
                      the Treasury of the United States a Department of 
                      Defense Credit Program Account to make and 
                      guarantee loans under this subsection in 
                      accordance with section 502 of the Federal Credit 
                      Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a).
                          (ii) Funding.--The Credit Program Account 
                      shall consist of amounts appropriated pursuant to 
                      the authorization of appropriations.
                    (B) Use of funds.--To the extent and in such amounts 
                as specifically provided in advance in appropriations 
                Acts for the purposes detailed in this subsection, the 
                Director is authorized to pay, from amounts in the 
                Department of Defense Credit Program Account--
                          (i) the cost, as defined in section 502 of the 
                      Federal Credit Reform Act of 1990 (2 U.S.C. 661a), 
                      of loans and loan guarantees and other capital 
                      assistance;
                          (ii) administrative expenses associated with 
                      activities under this section;
                          (iii) project-specific transaction costs; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 363]]

                          (iv) the cost of providing support authorized 
                      by this subsection.
            (6) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense may prescribe 
        such regulations as the Secretary determines to be appropriate 
        to carry out this subsection.
            (7) Annual report.--Not later than the first Monday in 
        February of a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees an annual report 
        describing activities carried out pursuant to this subsection in 
        the preceding fiscal year and the goals of the Department of 
        Defense in accordance with this subsection for the next fiscal 
        year.
            (8) Notification requirement. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --The 
        Secretary of Defense shall notify the congressional defense 
        committees not later than 30 days after a use of loans, loan 
        guarantees, or technical assistance under this subsection.
            (9) Sunset.--The authorities provided under this subsection 
        shall expire on October 1, 2028.
            (10) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``capital assistance'' means loans, 
                loan guarantees, or technical assistance provided under 
                paragraph (3).
                    (B) The terms ``eligible entity'' and ``eligible 
                investment'' have the meanings given those terms in 
                section 149(e) of title 10, United States Code (as added 
                by subsection (a)).
                    (C) The term ``obligor'' means a party that is 
                primarily liable for payment of the principal of or 
                interest on a loan.
SEC. 904. <<NOTE: 10 USC 131 note.>>  ESTABLISHMENT AND ASSIGNMENT 
                        OF ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES FOR COMBINED 
                        JOINT ALL-DOMAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL IN 
                        SUPPORT OF INTEGRATED JOINT WARFIGHTING.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish, and 
assign to appropriate components of the Office of the Secretary, roles 
and responsibilities relating to--
            (1) the development of combined joint all-domain command and 
        control (commonly known as ``CJADC2'') capabilities in support 
        of integrated joint warfighting; and
            (2) the delivery of such capabilities to the combatant 
        commands.

    (b) Roles and Responsibilities.--The roles and responsibilities 
established and assigned under subsection (a) shall include, at a 
minimum, the following:
            (1) Identifying new technology and operational concepts for 
        experimentation and prototyping for delivery to the Joint Force 
        to address key operational challenges.
            (2) Providing technical support for the Joint Force in 
        exploring and analyzing new combined joint all-domain command 
        and control capabilities and operational concepts, including 
        through advanced modeling and simulation.
            (3) Executing experimentation associated with such 
        capabilities through the Rapid Defense Experimentation Reserve 
        or another mechanism.

[[Page 137 STAT. 364]]

            (4) Enabling the acquisition of cross-domain, joint, and 
        cross-system mission capabilities, including resourcing of 
        modifications necessary for integration and interoperability 
        among mission components.
            (5) Ensuring the effectiveness of cross-domain, joint, and 
        cross-system mission capabilities through analysis and testing.
            (6) Creating and operating a complete capability for 
        software development that allows for iterative, secure, and 
        continuous deployment of developmental, prototype, and 
        operational tools and capabilities from multiple vendors to test 
        networks and operational networks for combatant commanders to--
                    (A) gain operational awareness, make decisions, and 
                take actions;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Data.>>  integrate relevant data sources 
                to support target selection, target prioritization, and 
                weapon-target pairing; and
                    (C) assign targets through networks, tools, and 
                systems of the Armed Forces and combat support agencies.

    (c) Initial Prioritization.--In establishing an initial set of roles 
and responsibilities under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
shall prioritize the development and delivery of capabilities that meet 
the requirements of the United States Indo-Pacific Command.
    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Briefings Required.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and not less 
frequently than once every 180 days thereafter through December 31, 
2026, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing on--
            (1) any activities carried out in accordance with the roles 
        and responsibilities under subsection (a); and
            (2) any plans associated with such roles and 
        responsibilities.
SEC. 905. <<NOTE: 10 USC 138 note.>>  PRINCIPAL DEPUTY ASSISTANT 
                        SECRETARIES TO SUPPORT ASSISTANT SECRETARY 
                        OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS AND LOW 
                        INTENSITY CONFLICT.

    The Secretary of Defense may appoint two Principal Deputy Assistant 
Secretaries to report to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low Intensity Conflict--
            (1) one of whom may be assigned to support the Assistant 
        Secretary in the discharge of responsibilities specified in 
        clause (i) of section 138(b)(2)(A) of title 10, United States 
        Code; and
            (2) one of whom may be assigned to support the Assistant 
        Secretary in the discharge of responsibilities specified in 
        clause (ii) of that section.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

SEC. 911. ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS UNDER GENERAL POLICY FOR TOTAL 
                        FORCE MANAGEMENT.

    Section 129a(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following: ``The Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
that the requirements determination, planning, programming, and 
budgeting conducted under this paragraph considers all components of the 
total force (including active and reserve

[[Page 137 STAT. 365]]

military, the civilian workforce, and contract support) in a holistic 
manner--
                    ``(A) to avoid duplication of efforts and waste of 
                resources attributable to a component working outside 
                the scope of its responsibilities; and
                    ``(B) to ensure that risk, cost, and mission 
                validation and prioritization considerations are 
                consistent with the national defense strategy.''.
SEC. 912. ADDITION OF COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS TO 
                        NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY.

    Section 2165(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (7); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following new 
        paragraph (6):
            ``(6) The College of International Security Affairs.''.
SEC. 913. CODIFICATION OF THE DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT.

    (a) Codification of Defense Innovation Unit.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 303 of title 10, 
        United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 4061.>>  is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 4127. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4127.>>  Defense innovation unit

    ``(a) Establishment.--There is established in the Department of 
Defense a Defense Innovation Unit (referred to in this section as the 
`Unit').
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Appointment.>>  Director and Deputy Director.--There 
is a Director of the Unit who shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
Defense from among persons with substantial experience in innovation and 
commercial technology, as determined by the Secretary.

    ``(c) Authority of Director.--The Director is the head of the Unit. 
The Director--
            ``(1) shall serve as a principal staff assistant to the 
        Secretary of Defense on matters within the responsibility of the 
        Unit;
            ``(2) shall report directly to the Secretary without 
        intervening authority; and
            ``(3) may communicate views on matters within the 
        responsibility of the Unit directly to the Secretary without 
        obtaining the approval or concurrence of any other official 
        within the Department of Defense.

    ``(d) Responsibilities.--The Unit shall have the following 
responsibilities:
            ``(1) Seek out, identify, and support development of and 
        experimentation with commercial technologies that have the 
        potential to be implemented within the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Accelerate the adoption or integration of commercial 
        technologies within the Department of Defense to transform 
        military capacity and capabilities.
            ``(3) Serve as the principal liaison between the Department 
        of Defense and individuals and entities in the national security 
        innovation base, including entrepreneurs, startups, commercial 
        technology companies, and venture capital sources.
            ``(4) Carry out programs, projects, and other activities to 
        strengthen the national security innovation base.
            ``(5) Coordinate and harmonize the activities of other 
        organizations and elements of the Department of Defense on

[[Page 137 STAT. 366]]

        matters relating to commercial technologies, dual use 
        technologies, and the innovation of such technologies.
            ``(6) Coordinate and advise efforts among elements of the 
        Department of Defense on matters relating to the development, 
        procurement, and fielding of nontraditional capabilities.
            ``(7) Coordinate with the Joint Staff and the commanders of 
        the combatant commands to identify operational challenges that 
        have the potential to be addressed through the use of 
        nontraditional capabilities, including dual-use technologies, 
        that are being developed and financed in the commercial sector.
            ``(8) Using funds made available to the Unit--
                    ``(A) select projects to be carried out by one or 
                more of the service-level innovation organizations;
                    ``(B) allocate funds to service-level innovation 
                organizations to carry out such projects; and
                    ``(C) monitor the execution of such projects by the 
                service-level innovation organizations.
            ``(9) Serve as the principal liaison between the Department 
        of Defense, nontraditional defense contractors, investors in 
        nontraditional defense companies, and departments and agencies 
        of the Federal Government pursing nontraditional capabilities 
        similar to those pursued by the Department.
            ``(10) Lead engagement with industry, academia, and other 
        nongovernment entities to develop--
                    ``(A) domestic capacity with respect to innovative, 
                commercial, and dual-use technologies and the use of 
                nontraditional defense contractors; and
                    ``(B) the capacity of international allies and 
                partners of the United States with respect to such 
                technologies and the use of such contractors.
            ``(11) Carry out such other activities as the Secretary of 
        Defense determines appropriate.

    ``(e) Support for Multi-stakeholder Partnerships.--
            ``(1) The Director shall identify and support multi-
        stakeholder research and innovation partnerships that--
                    ``(A) have the potential to generate technologies, 
                processes, products, or other solutions that address 
                national defense or security needs; and
                    ``(B) have as an objective the technology transfer 
                or commercialization of the work product generated by 
                the partnership, which may include work product that 
                incorporates Government-developed intellectual property 
                licensed to the partnership in accordance with paragraph 
                (3).
            ``(2) Support provided by the Director to a multi-
        stakeholder research and innovation partnership under this 
        subsection may include--
                    ``(A) providing funding or other resources to the 
                partnership;
                    ``(B) participating in the partnership;
                    ``(C) providing technical and technological advice 
                and guidance to the partnership;
                    ``(D) suggesting and introducing other participants 
                for inclusion in the partnership;
                    ``(E) providing the partnership with insight into 
                desired solutions for defense and security needs; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 367]]

                    ``(F) such other forms of support as the Director 
                determines appropriate.
            ``(3) To the extent the Director determines appropriate, the 
        Director shall seek to actively inform potential participants in 
        multi-stakeholder research and innovation partnerships of the 
        availability of Government-developed intellectual property that 
        may be licensed to the partnership.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  On an annual basis, the Director 
        shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the activities, advances, 
        outcomes, and work product of the multi-stakeholder research and 
        innovation partnerships supported under this subsection.

    ``(f) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `multi-stakeholder research and innovation 
        partnership' means a partnership composed of any combination of 
        two or more of the following:
                    ``(A) Universities, colleges, or other institutions 
                of higher education with research and innovation 
                capability.
                    ``(B) Non-profit organizations that provide policy, 
                research, outreach, operations, organizational, 
                management, testing, evaluation, technology transfer, 
                legal, financial, or advocacy expertise.
                    ``(C) For-profit commercial enterprises that may be 
                publicly or privately owned, early stage or mature, and 
                incorporated or operating by another ownership 
                structure.
                    ``(D) Departments or agencies of the Federal 
                Government with expertise, operations, or resources 
                related to the objectives of the multi-stakeholder 
                research and innovation partnership.
            ``(2) The term `nontraditional capability' means a solution 
        to an operational challenge that can significantly leverage 
        commercial innovation or external capital with minimal 
        dependencies on fielded systems.
            ``(3) The term `nontraditional defense contractor' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 3014 of this title.''.
            (2) Modification of other transaction authority.--Section 
        4021 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by inserting ``, the Defense 
                Innovation Unit,'' after ``Defense Advanced Research 
                Projects Agency''; and
                    (B) in subsection (f), by striking ``and the Defense 
                Advanced Research Projects Agency'' and inserting ``, 
                the Defense Innovation Unit, and the Defense Advanced 
                Research Projects Agency''.
            (3) Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
        projects.--Section 4022 of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``the 
                      Director of the Defense Innovation Unit,'' after 
                      ``Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency,'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (2)(A), by inserting ``, the 
                      Defense Innovation Unit,'' after ``Defense 
                      Advanced Research Projects Agency''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, 
                      Defense Innovation Unit,'' after ``Defense 
                      Advanced Research Projects Agency''; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 368]]

                    (B) in subsection (e)(1)--
                          (i) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) through 
                      (E) as subparagraphs (D) through (F), 
                      respectively; and
                          (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                      following new subparagraph:
                    ``(C) the Director of the Defense Innovation 
                Unit;''.
            (4) Conforming amendments.--Section 1766 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``as determined 
                by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering'' and inserting ``as determined by the 
                Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(3), by striking ``as directed 
                by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering'' and inserting ``as directed by the 
                Secretary of Defense''.

    (b) Effective Date and Implementation.--
            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1766 note.>>  Effective date.--The 
        amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1766 note.>>  Implementation.--Not later 
        than the effective date specified in paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify any rules, 
        regulations, policies, or other guidance necessary to implement 
        the amendments made by subsection (a).

    (c) Manpower Sufficiency Evaluation.--
            (1) Evaluation. <<NOTE: Determination.>> --The Secretary of 
        Defense shall evaluate the staffing levels of the Defense 
        Innovation Unit as of the date of the enactment of this Act to 
        determine if the Unit is sufficiently staffed to achieve the 
        responsibilities of the Unit under section 4127 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section.
            (2) Report.--Not later than the effective date specified in 
        subsection (b)(1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the results of the evaluation under 
        paragraph (1). <<NOTE: Plan.>>  The report shall include a 
        plan--
                    (A) to address any staffing shortfalls identified as 
                a part of the assessment; and
                    (B) for funding any activities necessary to address 
                such shortfalls.
SEC. 914. <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 8011.>>  REPEAL OF AUTHORITY TO 
                        APPOINT A NAVAL RESEARCH ADVISORY 
                        COMMITTEE.

    Section 8024 of title 10, United States Code, is repealed.
SEC. 915. ELIGIBILITY OF MEMBERS OF SPACE FORCE FOR INSTRUCTION AT 
                        THE NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL.

    Section 8545 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``and Coast Guard'' 
        and inserting ``Space Force, and Coast Guard''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``and Coast Guard'' and 
        inserting ``Space Force, and Coast Guard''.
SEC. 916. MEMBERSHIP OF THE AIR FORCE RESERVE FORCES POLICY 
                        COMMITTEE.

    Section 10305(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 369]]

            (1) by striking ``consists of'' and inserting ``shall have 
        voting members, who shall be'' before ``officers'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (3) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (C), respectively;
            (3) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The committee''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2)(A) The committee shall have four nonvoting members, who shall 
be the Chief Master Sergeants of the Air Force, the Air Force Reserve, 
the Air National Guard, and the Space Force.
    ``(B) A nonvoting member who cannot attend a meeting of the 
committee may designate a member in the grade of E-8 or E-9 to attend in 
their stead.''.
SEC. 917. MODIFICATION OF CROSS-FUNCTIONAL TEAM TO ADDRESS 
                        EMERGING THREAT RELATING TO ANOMALOUS 
                        HEALTH INCIDENTS.

    Section 910 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, including 
        capabilities that plausibly could result in such incidents,'' 
        after ``(as defined by the Secretary)'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through 
        (3) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) to investigate and carry out such other activities as 
        may be necessary--
                    ``(A) to identify anomalous health incidents;
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  to determine the 
                causes and sources of such incidents, including 
                identification of any individuals, entities, 
                capabilities, or phenomena to which such incidents may 
                plausibly be attributed; and
                    ``(C) to understand how such incidents may be 
                mitigated and treated;
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Coordination. Research and development.>>  to 
        address the challenges posed by anomalous health incidents, 
        including by coordinating research into--
                    ``(A) non-kinetic capabilities that plausibly might 
                result in such incidents, such as anti-personnel 
                capabilities and directed energy capabilities;
                    ``(B) the detection and mitigation of such 
                capabilities; and
                    ``(C) the development of countermeasures for such 
                capabilities;
            ``(3) to integrate and deconflict the efforts of the 
        Department of Defense regarding anomalous health incidents with 
        the efforts of other departments or agencies of the Federal 
        Government regarding such incidents; and
            ``(4) to undertake any other efforts regarding non-kinetic 
        threats to personnel and anomalous health incidents that the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.'';
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``in consultation with 
        the Director of National Intelligence and''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)(2)--
                    (A) by striking ``March 1, 2026'' and inserting 
                ``March 1, 2028''; and
                    (B) by striking ``with respect to the efforts of the 
                Department regarding anomalous health incidents'' an 
                inserting ``on any activities carried out to fulfill the 
                duties

[[Page 137 STAT. 370]]

                specified in subsection (b) since the date of the 
                preceding briefing under this section''.
SEC. 918. <<NOTE: 10 USC 301 note.>>  TECHNOLOGY RELEASE AND 
                        FOREIGN DISCLOSURE REFORM INITIATIVE.

    (a) Initiative Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out an 
        initiative to reform and improve the policies, processes, and 
        procedures applicable to technology release and foreign 
        disclosure decisions by the Department of Defense.
            (2) Objectives.--The objectives of such initiative shall 
        be--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  to develop 
                recommendations for the continuous improvement of such 
                policies, processes, and procedures within the 
                Department and across other departments and agencies of 
                the Federal Government involved in technology release 
                and foreign disclosure decisions;
                    (B) to increase efficiency and reduce timelines for 
                the processing of such decisions;
                    (C) to standardize, to the extent practicable, 
                processes and information sharing systems applicable to 
                such decisions; and
                    (D) to provide for the continuous exchange of timely 
                and relevant information among--
                          (i) the principal organizations involved in 
                      technology release and foreign disclosure 
                      decisions;
                          (ii) the broader acquisition and program 
                      executive officer communities; and
                          (iii) interagency partners of the Department.
            (3) Method of implementation.--For purposes of the 
        initiative required under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
        Defense may--
                    (A) establish a new initiative;
                    (B) modify an existing initiative of the Department 
                of Defense; or
                    (C) carry out the initiative through a combination 
                of the approaches described in subparagraphs (A) and 
                (B).

    (b) Metrics.--
            (1) In general.--In conjunction with the initiative required 
        under subsection (a), the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
        shall develop metrics for the management of the technology 
        release and foreign disclosure process to provide objective and 
        subjective measures of performance and improve senior leader 
        decision-making in the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The metrics developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) methods for tracking individual technology 
                release and foreign disclosure decisions made by the 
                Defense Technology Security Administration;
                    (B) objectives and deadlines related to the 
                completion of such decisions; and
                    (C) a method of prioritizing among technology 
                release and foreign disclosure requests that takes into 
                account--
                          (i) the importance of the request to the 
                      national security of the United States; and
                          (ii) the risks associated with the release or 
                      disclosure.

[[Page 137 STAT. 371]]

            (3) Briefing required. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 
        June 1, 2024, the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
        the metrics developed under paragraph (1).

    (c) Designation of Points of Contact. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not 
later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act--
            (1) the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy shall 
        establish or designate--
                    (A) one position within the Office of the Under 
                Secretary to lead the development and oversee the 
                implementation of technology release and foreign 
                disclosure policies for the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) one position within the Office to coordinate 
                information and outreach to relevant stakeholders on 
                relevant Department of Defense technology release and 
                foreign disclosure policies and to respond to inquiries 
                from representatives of the commercial defense industry 
                and partner countries; and
            (2) each Secretary of a military department shall establish 
        or designate--
                    (A) one position within the department under the 
                jurisdiction of such Secretary to lead the development 
                and oversee the implementation of technology release and 
                foreign disclosure policies for that department; and
                    (B) one position within such department to 
                coordinate information and outreach to relevant 
                stakeholders on relevant Department of Defense 
                technology release and foreign disclosure policies and 
                to respond to inquiries from representatives of the 
                commercial defense industry and partner countries.

    (d) Report Required.--
            (1) In general. <<NOTE: Assessments.>> --Not later than 
        December 31, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of the staffing levels of the 
                organizations specified in paragraph (2).
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of consolidating the functions and 
                organizations of the Department of Defense involved in 
                technology release and foreign disclosure decisions, 
                including the organizations specified in paragraph (2).
                    (C) <<NOTE: Review. Recommenda- tions.>>  A review 
                of any statutes and regulations applicable to technology 
                release and foreign disclosure, together with 
                recommendations for any changes to such statutes and 
                regulations.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Survey. Data.>>  A survey and 
                description of the data and methodology used to assess 
                operational risk, technology risk, and the effects of 
                technology release and foreign disclosure decisions on 
                the defense industrial base.
                    (E) An assessment of the benefits of developing and 
                implementing anticipatory policies for technology 
                release and foreign disclosure that include standardized 
                capability thresholds for countries and geopolitical 
                regions, especially for emerging capabilities for 
                partners and allies of the United States.
                    (F) An assessment of the extent to which the lessons 
                learned from technology release and foreign disclosure

[[Page 137 STAT. 372]]

                decisions made in support of the Ukraine conflict have 
                been applied to broader processes.
            (2) Organizations specified.--The organizations specified in 
        this paragraph are--
                    (A) the Defense Technology Security Administration;
                    (B) the Low Observable/Counter Low Observable Tri-
                Service Committee;
                    (C) the Executive Agent for Anti-Tamper;
                    (D) the Communications Security Review and Advisory 
                Board; and
                    (E) the organizations responsible for technology 
                release and foreign disclosure in each of the military 
                departments.
SEC. 919. <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 note.>>  SOFTWARE-BASED CAPABILITY TO 
                        FACILITATE SCHEDULING BETWEEN THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND CONGRESS.

    Not <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  later than September 30, 2024, the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to develop and implement a software-
based capability to facilitate the mutual scheduling of engagements 
between the Department of Defense and the congressional defense 
committees. Such capability shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Data.>>  enable the automated transmission of 
        scheduling data to and from the congressional defense 
        committees; and
            (2) be compatible and interoperable with the information 
        technology systems of such committees.
SEC. 920. <<NOTE: 10 USC 240b note.>>  METRICS TO OPERATIONALIZE 
                        AUDIT READINESS.

    (a) Metrics Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
        with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop 
        a set of metrics that reflect the Secretary's audit remediation 
        goals and metrics to measure progress made by the military 
        departments with respect to such goals.
            (2) FFRDC support. <<NOTE: Contracts.>> --The Secretary of 
        Defense may enter into a contract or other agreement with a 
        federally funded research and development center or university-
        affiliated research center to support the development of the 
        metrics required under paragraph (1).
            (3) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
        implement an initial set of metrics under paragraph (1) by not 
        later than April 30, 2025.

    (b) Leader Performance Assessments.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments and the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness, shall evaluate means by which the metrics developed 
        under subsection (a) can be used in the performance evaluation 
        of general officers, flag officers, and employees of the 
        military departments who are members of the Senior Executive 
        Service.
            (2) Briefing required. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 
        September 30, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a briefing on the evaluation conducted under 
        paragraph (1). The briefing shall include the following:
                    (A) Identification of the general officer, flag 
                officer, and Senior Executive Service positions in the 
                military departments for which it would be appropriate 
                to use the

[[Page 137 STAT. 373]]

                metrics developed under subsection (a) in support of the 
                performance evaluation process.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  Evaluations of available 
                measures to reward or recognize superior or above-
                average performance with respect to such metrics.
                    (C) Assessment of the potential value, and 
                challenges, to integrating such measures into the annual 
                performance evaluations for positions identified under 
                subparagraph (A).
                    (D) Any other issues the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
SEC. 921. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>>  NEXT GENERATION BUSINESS 
                        HEALTH METRICS.

    (a) Metrics Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop an 
updated set of business health metrics to inform decision-making by 
senior leaders of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--In developing the metrics required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  using the latest literature on 
        performance measurement, determine what additional new metrics 
        should be implemented, or current metrics should be adapted, to 
        reduce output-based measures and emphasize objective, measurable 
        indicators aligned to enduring strategic goals of the Department 
        of Defense;
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment. Recommenda- tions. Determination.>>  
        assess the current business processes of the Department and 
        provide recommendations to align the metrics with available data 
        sources to determine what gaps might exist in such processes;
            (3) ensure that data can be collected automatically and, on 
        a long-term basis, in a manner that provides for longitudinal 
        analysis;
            (4) link the metrics with the Strategic Management Plan and 
        other performance documents guiding the Department;
            (5) identify any shortfalls in resources, data, training, 
        policy, or law that could be an impediment to implementing the 
        metrics;
            (6) <<NOTE: Revision. Assessment.>>  revise leading and 
        lagging indicators associated with each such metric to provide a 
        benchmark against which to assess progress;
            (7) improve visualization of and comprehension for the use 
        of the metrics in data-driven decision-making, including 
        adoption of new policies and training as needed;
            (8) incorporate the ability to aggregate and disaggregate 
        data to provide the ability to focus on functional, component-
        level metrics; and
            (9) increase standardization of the use and collection of 
        business health metrics across the Department.

    (c) Additional Support. <<NOTE: Contracts.>> --The Secretary of 
Defense may enter into a contract or other agreement with a federally 
funded research and development center or university-affiliated research 
center to support the development of the metrics required under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 922. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF DEFENSE BUSINESS ENTERPRISE 
                        ARCHITECTURE.

    (a) In General. <<NOTE: Contracts.>> --The Secretary of Defense 
shall seek to enter into a contract or other agreement with a federally 
funded research and development center or a university affiliated 
research center

[[Page 137 STAT. 374]]

to conduct an independent assessment of the defense business enterprise 
architecture developed under section 2222(e) of title 10, United States 
Code.

    (b) Elements.--The assessment required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An assessment of the effectiveness of the defense 
        business enterprise architecture as of the date of the enactment 
        of this Act in providing an adequate and useful framework for 
        planning, managing, and integrating the business systems of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) A comparison of the defense business enterprise 
        architecture with similar models in use by other government 
        agencies in the United States, foreign governments, and major 
        commercial entities, including an assessment of any lessons from 
        such models that might be applied to the defense business 
        enterprise architecture.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the defense business 
        enterprise architecture in informing business process 
        reengineering and being sufficiently responsive to changes in 
        business processes over time.
            (4) An identification of any shortfalls or implementation 
        challenges in the utility of the defense business enterprise 
        architecture.
            (5) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for 
        replacement of the existing defense business enterprise 
        architecture or for modifications to the existing architecture 
        to make that architecture and the process for updating that 
        architecture more effective and responsive to the business 
        process needs of the Department.

    (c) Interim Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2024, the Secretary 
of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the status of the 
assessment required by subsection (a).
    (d) Final Report.--Not later than January 30, 2025, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the results of the 
assessment required by subsection (a).
SEC. 923. FUTURE FORCE DESIGN OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE AIR FORCE.

    (a) Force Design Required. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 
August 31, 2024, the Secretary of the Air Force shall develop a force 
design for the Air Force and Space Force projected through 2050.

    (b) Elements.--The force design under subsection (a) shall address--
            (1) the concepts, capabilities, and structural elements 
        (including size and form) of the Air Force and Space Force that 
        are necessary to ensure those forces effectively execute their 
        core functions through 2050 in support of the National Defense 
        Strategy and the National Military Strategy;
            (2) force structure, including the development of 
        capabilities (including platforms and systems) at the correct 
        level of capacity to address the challenges outlined by the 
        National Defense Strategy and the National Military Strategy;
            (3) force composition, including recruitment and development 
        of human capital, effective distribution of forces in the total 
        force, and policies to increase career flexibility across the 
        various components of the force;

[[Page 137 STAT. 375]]

            (4) organizational design, including development of 
        potential models to increase agility and operational 
        effectiveness across the Air Force and Space Force; and
            (5) such other matters as the Secretary of the Air Force 
        determines to be relevant.

    (c) Information to Congress. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 60 
days after completion of the force design required under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  submit a summary of the force design 
        to the congressional defense committees; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  provide to the congressional 
        defense committees a briefing on the force design.
SEC. 924. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON THE CONSOLIDATION OR TRANSFER OF 
                        SPACE FUNCTIONS OF THE NATIONAL GUARD TO 
                        THE SPACE FORCE.

    (a) Study Required. <<NOTE: Assessment.>> --The Secretary of Defense 
shall conduct a study to assess the feasibility and advisability of 
transferring all covered space functions of the National Guard to the 
Space Force.

    (b) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The study under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  An analysis and 
        recommendations addressing, at a minimum, each of the following 
        courses of action with respect to the covered space functions of 
        the National Guard:
                    (A) Maintaining the current model under which the 
                Air National Guard has units and personnel performing 
                such functions.
                    (B) Transferring such functions, including units and 
                personnel, to the Space Force.
                    (C) The establishment of a new National Guard 
                component of the Space Force to perform such functions.
            (2) A cost-benefit analysis for each course of action 
        addressed under paragraph (1).
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment any risks or 
        benefits to the mission or readiness of the Space Force, 
        including the ability of the Space Force to meet applicable 
        objectives of the National Defense Strategy, that may be 
        presented by transferring or consolidating units of the Air 
        National Guard as described in paragraph (1).

    (c) Interim Briefing. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than February 
1, 2024, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an interim 
briefing on the preliminary results of the study conducted under 
subsection (a).

    (d) Final Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2024, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the final 
        results of the study conducted under subsection (a), including 
        the results of the study with respect to each element specified 
        in subsection (b).
            (2) Form of report.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

    (e) Covered Space Functions of the National Guard Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``covered space functions of

[[Page 137 STAT. 376]]

the National Guard'' means all units, personnel billets, equipment, and 
resources of the Air National Guard associated with the performance a 
space related function that is (as determined by the Secretary of the 
Air Force, in consultation with the Chief of Space Operations)--
            (1) a core space-related function of the Space Force; or
            (2) otherwise integral to the mission of the Space Force.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Annual report on budget prioritization by Secretary of 
           Defense and military departments.
Sec. 1003. Additional reporting requirements related to unfunded 
           priorities of armed forces and combatant commands.
Sec. 1004. Audit requirement for Department of Defense components.
Sec. 1005. Requirement for unqualified opinion on Department of Defense 
           financial statements.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1010. Enhanced support for counterdrug activities and activities to 
           counter transnational organized crime.
Sec. 1011. Modification of support for counterdrug activities and 
           activities to counter transnational organized crime: increase 
           in cap for small scale construction projects.
Sec. 1012. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities.
Sec. 1013. Disruption of fentanyl trafficking.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1015. Modifications to annual naval vessel construction plan.
Sec. 1016. Critical components of national sea-based deterrence vessels.
Sec. 1017. Grants for improvement of Navy ship repair or alterations 
           capability.
Sec. 1018. Repeal of obsolete provision of law regarding vessel 
           nomenclature.
Sec. 1019. Responsibility of Commandant of the Marine Corps with respect 
           to naval battle force ship assessment and requirement 
           reporting.
Sec. 1020. Policy of the United States on shipbuilding defense 
           industrial base.
Sec. 1021. Prohibition on retirement of certain naval vessels.
Sec. 1022. Authority to use incremental funding to enter into a contract 
           for the advance procurement and construction of a San 
           Antonio-class amphibious ship.
Sec. 1023. Authority to use incremental funding to enter into a contract 
           for the advance procurement and construction of a submarine 
           tender.
Sec. 1024. Biannual briefings on submarine readiness.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
           modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
           transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
           Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1034. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
           relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
           Bay, Cuba.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Limitation on availability of certain funds until submission 
           of Chairman's Risk Assessment; briefing requirement.
Sec. 1042. Assistance in support of Department of Defense accounting for 
           missing United States Government personnel.
Sec. 1043. Implementation of arrangements to build transparency, 
           confidence, and security.
Sec. 1044. Modification to definitions of Confucius Institute.
Sec. 1045. Termination of authority to issue waiver of limitation on use 
           of funds to institutions of higher education hosting 
           Confucius Institutes.

[[Page 137 STAT. 377]]

Sec. 1046. Vetting procedures and monitoring requirements for allies and 
           partners participating in education or training activities in 
           the United States.
Sec. 1047. Authority to include funding requests for the chemical and 
           biological defense program in budget accounts of military 
           departments.
Sec. 1048. Limitation on availability of funds until delivery of report 
           on next generation tactical communications.
Sec. 1049. Establishment of procedure of the Department of Defense to 
           determine certain complaints or requests regarding public 
           displays or public expressions of religion on property of the 
           Department.
Sec. 1050. Limitation on availability of funds for destruction of 
           landmines.
Sec. 1051. Limitation on availability of funds for travel expenses of 
           Office of the Secretary of Defense until submission of 
           certain plans.
Sec. 1052. Prohibition on display of unapproved flags.
Sec. 1053. Collaboration with partner countries to develop and maintain 
           military-wide transformational strategies for operational 
           energy.
Sec. 1054. Student loan deferment for dislocated military spouses.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Modifications of reporting requirements.
Sec. 1062. Extension of requirement to submit a report on Department of 
           Defense support for Department of Homeland Security at the 
           international borders of the United States.
Sec. 1063. Briefing on Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency capabilities 
           required to expand accounting for persons missing from 
           designated past conflicts.
Sec. 1064. Air Force plan for maintaining proficient aircrews in certain 
           mission areas.
Sec. 1065. Independent study on naval mine warfare.
Sec. 1066. Annual report and briefing on implementation of Force Design 
           2030.
Sec. 1067. Study and report on potential inclusion of black box data 
           recorders in tactical vehicles.
Sec. 1068. Plan on countering human trafficking.
Sec. 1069. Update to strategic plan on Department of Defense combating 
           trafficking in persons program.
Sec. 1070. Report on use of tactical fighter aircraft for deployments 
           and homeland defense missions.
Sec. 1071. Report on equipping certain ground combat units with small 
           unmanned aerial systems.
Sec. 1072. Biannual briefings on homeland defense planning.
Sec. 1073. Report on effectiveness of current use of United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1074. Holistic training range assessment.
Sec. 1075. Special operations force structure.
Sec. 1076. Comprehensive assessment of Marine Corps Force Design 2030.
Sec. 1077.  Assessment and recommendations relating to infrastructure, 
           capacity, resources, and personnel on Guam.
Sec. 1078. Feasibility study on conversion of Joint Task Force North 
           into Joint Interagency Task Force North.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1080. Modification of definition of domestic source for title III 
           of the Defense Production Act of 1950.
Sec. 1081. Integrated and authenticated access to Department of Defense 
           systems for certain congressional staff for oversight 
           purposes.
Sec. 1082. Modification of compensation for members of the Afghanistan 
           War Commission.
Sec. 1083. Senate National Security Working Group.
Sec. 1084. Tribal liaisons at military installations.
Sec. 1085. Commercial integration cell plan within certain combatant 
           commands.
Sec. 1086. Guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by National 
           Guard.
Sec. 1087. Public disclosure of Afghanistan war records.
Sec. 1088. Implementation plan for Joint Concept for Competing.
Sec. 1089. Notification of safety and security concerns at certain 
           Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1090. Conduct of weather reconnaissance in the United States.
Sec. 1091. Sense of Congress regarding authority of Secretary of Defense 
           with respect to irregular warfare.
Sec. 1092. Red Hill health impacts.

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

SEC. 1001. GENERAL TRANSFER AUTHORITY.

    (a) Authority to Transfer Authorizations.--

[[Page 137 STAT. 378]]

            (1) Authority. <<NOTE: Determination.>> --Upon determination 
        by the Secretary of Defense that such action is necessary in the 
        national interest, the Secretary may transfer amounts of 
        authorizations made available to the Department of Defense in 
        this division for fiscal year 2024 between any such 
        authorizations for that fiscal year (or any subdivisions 
        thereof). Amounts of authorizations so transferred shall be 
        merged with and be available for the same purposes as the 
        authorization to which transferred.
            (2) Limitation.--Except as provided in paragraph (3), the 
        total amount of authorizations that the Secretary may transfer 
        under the authority of this section may not exceed 
        $6,000,000,000.
            (3) Exception for transfers between military personnel 
        authorizations.--A transfer of funds between military personnel 
        authorizations under title IV shall not be counted toward the 
        dollar limitation in paragraph (2).

    (b) Limitations.--The authority provided by subsection (a) to 
transfer authorizations--
            (1) may only be used to provide authority for items that 
        have a higher priority than the items from which authority is 
        transferred; and
            (2) may not be used to provide authority for an item that 
        has been denied authorization by Congress.

    (c) Effect on Authorization Amounts.--A transfer made from one 
account to another under the authority of this section shall be deemed 
to increase the amount authorized for the account to which the amount is 
transferred by an amount equal to the amount transferred.
    (d) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary shall promptly notify 
Congress of each transfer made under subsection (a).
SEC. 1002. <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 221.>>  ANNUAL REPORT ON BUDGET 
                          PRIORITIZATION BY SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
                          AND MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.

    Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after section 222d the following new section:
``Sec. 222e. <<NOTE: 10 USC 222e.>>  Programs, projects, and 
                  activities that were internally changed in the 
                  submission of the President's budget: annual 
                  report

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the officers of Department 
of Defense agencies and offices not under the control of a Secretary of 
a military department, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees each year, not later than 30 days after the submission of the 
budget of the President for the fiscal year beginning in such year under 
section 1105(a) of title 31, a report that includes organized 
tabulations of programs, projects, and activities in research, 
development, test, and evaluation, procurement, and military 
construction the total obligational authority for which was changed in 
the current budget year proposal compared to the prior-year projection 
for the current year.
    ``(b) Elements.--The tabulations required under subsection (a) shall 
include, for each program, project, or activity that was internally 
changed, the following elements:
            ``(1) Whether the program, project, or activity was added, 
        eliminated, or reduced and in which fiscal year.
            ``(2) The appropriations sub-account.

[[Page 137 STAT. 379]]

            ``(3) The appropriate program element, line item number, or 
        sub-activity group.
            ``(4) The program, project, or activity name.
            ``(5) The prior year enacted appropriation.
            ``(6) The prior year projected current year budget.
            ``(7) The current year budget request.
            ``(8) If applicable, the amount reduced or saved by the 
        current year elimination or reduction over the future years 
        defense plan.
            ``(9) A characterization of the change as a fact-of-life 
        change, a prioritization change, a programmatic change, or a 
        change due to congressional action.

    ``(c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in machine readable, electronic form.''.
SEC. 1003. ADDITIONAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO UNFUNDED 
                          PRIORITIES OF ARMED FORCES AND COMBATANT 
                          COMMANDS.

    Section 222a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(E) The requirement to be addressed by the 
                unfunded priority.
                    ``(F) The reason why funding for the priority was 
                not included in the budget of the President.
                    ``(G) A description of any funding provided for the 
                requirement for the current and preceding fiscal year.
                    ``(H) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                effect that providing funding for the priority would 
                have on the future-years defense plan.''.
SEC. 1004. <<NOTE: 10 USC 240d note.>>  AUDIT REQUIREMENT FOR 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--During fiscal year 2024, and during each of the 
nine fiscal years thereafter, each component of the Department of 
Defense shall be subject to an independent audit. Any such component 
that fails to be subject to such an audit during any fiscal year shall 
have 1.5 percent of unobligated amounts available for the component be 
cancelled and returned to the general fund of the Treasury for deficit 
reduction, except as provided in subsection (b).
    (b) Exceptions.--The following accounts are excluded from any 
reductions:
            (1) Military personnel, reserve personnel, and National 
        Guard personnel accounts of the Department of Defense.
            (2) The Defense Health Program account of the Department of 
        Defense.
SEC. 1005. <<NOTE: 10 USC 240a note.>>  REQUIREMENT FOR 
                          UNQUALIFIED OPINION ON DEPARTMENT OF 
                          DEFENSE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

    The <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
Department of Defense has received an unqualified opinion on the 
financial statements of the Department by not later than December 31, 
2028.

[[Page 137 STAT. 380]]

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

SEC. 1010. ENHANCED SUPPORT FOR COUNTERDRUG ACTIVITIES AND 
                          ACTIVITIES TO COUNTER TRANSNATIONAL 
                          ORGANIZED CRIME.

    Section 284(b)(9) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``linguist and intelligence analysis'' and inserting 
``linguist, intelligence analysis, and planning''.
SEC. 1011. MODIFICATION OF SUPPORT FOR COUNTERDRUG ACTIVITIES AND 
                          ACTIVITIES TO COUNTER TRANSNATIONAL 
                          ORGANIZED CRIME: INCREASE IN CAP FOR 
                          SMALL SCALE CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS.

    Section 284(i)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$750,000'' and inserting ``$1,000,000''.
SEC. 1012. DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES.

    Section 112(a)(3) of title 32, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$5,000'' and inserting ``$15,000''.
SEC. 1013. DISRUPTION OF FENTANYL TRAFFICKING.

    (a) Development of Strategy to Counter Fentanyl Trafficking.--
            (1) Strategy. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 120 days 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of State and the 
        Attorney General and in coordination with appropriate Federal, 
        State, Tribal, and local law enforcement agencies, shall develop 
        and submit to the appropriate congressional committees a 
        strategy to address threats to the national security of the 
        United States caused or exacerbated by fentanyl trafficking.
            (2) Contents.--The strategy required by paragraph (1) shall 
        outline how the Secretary of Defense will--
                    (A) leverage existing authorities regarding 
                counterdrug and counter-transnational organized crime 
                activities with a counter-fentanyl nexus to detect and 
                monitor activities related to fentanyl trafficking;
                    (B) leverage existing authorities, as appropriate, 
                to support operations to counter fentanyl trafficking 
                carried out by Federal, State, Tribal, and local law 
                enforcement agencies, or foreign security forces;
                    (C) <<NOTE: Coordination. Data.>>  coordinate 
                efforts of the Department of Defense for the detection 
                and monitoring of aerial, maritime, and surface traffic 
                suspected of carrying fentanyl bound for the United 
                States, including efforts to unify the use of 
                technology, surveillance, and related resources across 
                air and maritime domains to counter fentanyl 
                trafficking, including with respect to data collection, 
                data processing, and integrating sensors across such 
                domains, consistent with paragraphs (6) and (10) of 
                section 284(b) of title 10, United States Code, and 
                section 124 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (D) provide Department of Defense-specific 
                capabilities to support activities by the United States 
                Government and foreign security forces to detect and 
                monitor the trafficking of fentanyl and precursor 
                chemicals used in fentanyl production, consistent with 
                relevant existing law;

[[Page 137 STAT. 381]]

                    (E) leverage existing counterdrug and counter-
                transnational organized crime programs of the Department 
                to counter fentanyl trafficking;
                    (F) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  assess existing training 
                programs of the Department and assess whether 
                opportunities exist for the provision of training for 
                Federal, State, Tribal, and local law enforcement 
                agencies to counter fentanyl trafficking, consistent 
                with section 284(b)(5) of title 10, United States Code;
                    (G) engage with foreign security forces to ensure 
                the counterdrug and counter-transnational organized 
                crime programs of the Department--
                          (i) support efforts to counter fentanyl 
                      trafficking; and
                          (ii) build capacity to interdict fentanyl in 
                      foreign countries, including programs to train 
                      security forces in partner countries to counter 
                      fentanyl trafficking, including countering illicit 
                      flows of fentanyl precursors, consistent with 
                      sections 284(c) and 333 of title 10, United States 
                      Code;
                    (H) <<NOTE: Canada. Mexico.>>  increase domain 
                awareness to detect and monitor fentanyl trafficking 
                through the North American Defense Ministerial and the 
                bilateral defense working groups and bilateral military 
                cooperation roundtables with Canada and Mexico;
                    (I) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  evaluate existing 
                policies, procedures, processes, resources, and existing 
                joint interagency task forces focused on supporting the 
                countering of fentanyl trafficking by Federal, State, 
                Tribal, and local law enforcement agencies, consistent 
                with existing counterdrug and counter-transnational 
                organized crime authorities;
                    (J) describe any previous actions taken by the 
                Department of Defense in cyberspace to counter illegal 
                activities by transnational criminal organizations that 
                traffic fentanyl; and
                    (K) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  assess the resources that 
                the Secretary can deploy to counter transnational 
                criminal organizations' cyber activities.
            (3) Form.--The strategy required by paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
            (4) Briefing. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 60 days 
        after the submission of the strategy required by paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall provide to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a briefing on the strategy and plans for its 
        implementation.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 284 note.>>  Cooperation With Mexico.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to enhance cooperation with defense 
officials of the Government of Mexico to target, disrupt, and degrade 
transnational criminal organizations within Mexico that traffic 
fentanyl.

    (c) Definition of Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives;
            (3) the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives;

[[Page 137 STAT. 382]]

            (4) the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate;
            (5) the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate; and
            (6) the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of 
        Representatives.

                 Subtitle C--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

SEC. 1015. MODIFICATIONS TO ANNUAL NAVAL VESSEL CONSTRUCTION PLAN.

    Section 231 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by inserting before the period 
                at the end the following: ``, together with the views of 
                the Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of the 
                Marine Corps on the budget''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) The unaltered assessment of the Chief of Naval 
        Operations and the Commandant of the Marine Corps of the plan 
        required under paragraph (1).''; and
            (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraphs:

    ``(3) In developing annual naval vessel construction plans for 
purposes of subsection (a)(1), the Secretary of the Navy shall take into 
consideration the most recent biennial report on shipbuilder training 
and the defense industrial base required by section 8693 of this 
title.''.
SEC. 1016. CRITICAL COMPONENTS OF NATIONAL SEA-BASED DETERRENCE 
                          VESSELS.

    Section 2218a(k)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(P) Major bulkheads and tanks.
                    ``(Q) All major pumps and motors.
                    ``(R) Large vertical array.
                    ``(S) Atmosphere control equipment.
                    ``(T) Diesel systems and components.
                    ``(U) Hydraulic valves and components.
                    ``(V) Bearings.
                    ``(W) Major air and blow valves and components.
                    ``(X) Decks and superstructure.
                    ``(Y) Castings, forgings, and tank structure.
                    ``(Z) Hatches and hull penetrators.''.
SEC. 1017. <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 2201.>>  GRANTS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF 
                          NAVY SHIP REPAIR OR ALTERATIONS 
                          CAPABILITY.

    Chapter 131 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after section 2218a the following new section:
``Sec. 2219. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2219.>>  Grants for improvement of 
                  Navy ship repair or alterations capability

    ``(a) Assistance Authorized.--(1) Subject to the availability of 
appropriations, the Secretary of the Navy may make grants to an eligible 
entity for the purpose of carrying out--
            ``(A) a capital improvement project; or
            ``(B) a maritime training program designed to foster 
        technical skills and operational productivity.

[[Page 137 STAT. 383]]

    ``(2) The amount of a grant under this section may not exceed 75 
percent of the total cost of the project or program funded by the grant.
    ``(3) A grant provided under this section may not be used to 
construct buildings or other physical facilities, except for piers, dry 
docks, and structures in support of piers and dry docks, or to acquire 
land.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary may not award a grant 
to an eligible entity under this section unless the Secretary determines 
that--
            ``(A) the entity has access to sufficient non-Federal 
        funding to meet the requirement under paragraph (2);
            ``(B) the entity has authority to carry out the proposed 
        project; and
            ``(C) the project or program would improve--
                    ``(i) efficiency, competitive operations, 
                capability, or quality of United States Navy ship repair 
                or alterations; or
                    ``(ii) employee, or potential employee, skills and 
                enhanced productivity related to United States Navy ship 
                repair or alterations.

    ``(b) Eligibility.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, 
an entity shall--
            ``(1) be a shipyard or other entity that provides ship 
        repair or alteration for non-nuclear ships;
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Submission.>>  submit an application, at such 
        time, in such form, and containing such information and 
        assurances as the Secretary may require, including a 
        comprehensive description of--
                    ``(A) the need for the project or program proposed 
                to be funded under the grant;
                    ``(B) the methodology to be used to implement the 
                project or program; and
                    ``(C) any existing programs or arrangements that 
                could be used to supplement or leverage a grant provided 
                under this section; and
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  enter into an agreement with the 
        Secretary under which the entity agrees--
                    ``(A) to complete the project or program funded by 
                the grant within a certain timeframe and without 
                unreasonable delay and the Secretary determines such 
                project or program is likely to be completed within the 
                timeframe provided in such agreement;
                    ``(B) to return to the Secretary any amount of the 
                grant that is--
                          ``(i) not used by the grant recipient for the 
                      purpose for which the grant was awarded; or
                          ``(ii) not obligated or expended within the 
                      timeframe provided in the agreement;
                    ``(C) to maintain such records as the Secretary may 
                require and make such records available for review and 
                audit by the Secretary; and
                    ``(D) not to purchase any product or material for 
                the project or program using grant funds, including any 
                commercially available off-the-shelf item, unless such 
                product or material is--
                          ``(i) an unmanufactured article, material, or 
                      supply that has been mined or produced in the 
                      United States; or

[[Page 137 STAT. 384]]

                          ``(ii) a manufactured article, material, or 
                      supply that has been manufactured in the United 
                      States substantially all from articles, materials, 
                      or supplies mined, produced, or manufactured in 
                      the United States.

    ``(c) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall issue guidelines to establish 
appropriate accounting, reporting, and review procedures to ensure 
that--
            ``(1) amounts awarded as grants under this section are used 
        for the purposes for which such amounts were made available; and
            ``(2) an entity that receives a grant under this section 
        complies with the terms of the agreement such entity enters into 
        with the Secretary pursuant to subsection (b)(3).

    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `commercially available off-the-shelf item'--
                    ``(A) means any item of supply (including 
                construction material) that is--
                          ``(i) a commercial item, as defined by section 
                      2.101 of title 48, Code of Federal Regulations (as 
                      in effect on the date of the enactment of the 
                      National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                      2024); and
                          ``(ii) sold in substantial quantities in the 
                      commercial marketplace; and
                    ``(B) does not include bulk cargo, as defined in 
                section 40102(4) of title 46, such as agricultural 
                products and petroleum products.
            ``(2) The term `product or material', with respect to a 
        project or program--
                    ``(A) means an article, material, or supply brought 
                to the site where the project or program is being 
                carried out for incorporation into the project or 
                program; and
                    ``(B) includes an item brought to the site 
                preassembled from articles, materials, or supplies.
            ``(3) The term `United States' includes the District of 
        Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana 
        Islands, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands.''.
SEC. 1018. REPEAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISION OF LAW REGARDING VESSEL 
                          NOMENCLATURE.

    Section 8662 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).
SEC. 1019. RESPONSIBILITY OF COMMANDANT OF THE MARINE CORPS WITH 
                          RESPECT TO NAVAL BATTLE FORCE SHIP 
                          ASSESSMENT AND REQUIREMENT REPORTING.

    Section 8695(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Amphibious 
        Warfare Ships'' and inserting ``Responsibilities of Commandant 
        of Marine Corps''; and
            (2) by inserting before the period at the end the following: 
        ``and for naval vessels with the primary mission of transporting 
        Marines''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 385]]

SEC. 1020. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8661 note.>>  POLICY OF THE UNITED 
                          STATES ON SHIPBUILDING DEFENSE 
                          INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    Section 1025(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 7291 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``United States'' and all that follows and 
        inserting ``United States--''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) to have available, as soon as practicable, not fewer 
        than 355 battle force ships, comprised of the optimal mix of 
        platforms, with funding subject to the availability of 
        appropriations or other funds; and
            ``(2) that the United States shipbuilding defense industrial 
        base is fundamental to achieving the shipbuilding requirements 
        of the Navy and constitutes a unique national security 
        imperative that requires sustainment and support by the Navy and 
        Congress.''.
SEC. 1021. PROHIBITION ON RETIREMENT OF CERTAIN NAVAL VESSELS.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for 
fiscal year 2024 may be obligated or expended to retire, prepare to 
retire, or place in storage any of the following naval vessels:
            (1) USS Germantown (LSD 42).
            (2) USS Gunston Hall (LSD 44).
            (3) USS Tortuga (LSD 46).
            (4) USS Shiloh (CG 67).
SEC. 1022. AUTHORITY TO USE INCREMENTAL FUNDING TO ENTER INTO A 
                          CONTRACT FOR THE ADVANCE PROCUREMENT AND 
                          CONSTRUCTION OF A SAN ANTONIO-CLASS 
                          AMPHIBIOUS SHIP.

    (a) In General. <<NOTE: Time period.>> --Amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for the Navy for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion for any of fiscal years 2023 through 2025 
may be used by the Secretary of the Navy to enter into an incrementally 
funded contract for the advance procurement and construction of a San 
Antonio-class amphibious ship.

    (b) Availability of Funds.--A contract entered into under subsection 
(a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to the 
Government for the termination of the contract shall be limited to the 
total amount of funding obligated at time of termination.
SEC. 1023. AUTHORITY TO USE INCREMENTAL FUNDING TO ENTER INTO A 
                          CONTRACT FOR THE ADVANCE PROCUREMENT AND 
                          CONSTRUCTION OF A SUBMARINE TENDER.

    (a) In General.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for the Navy for Shipbuilding and Conversion 
for fiscal year 2024 may be used by the Secretary of the Navy to enter 
into an incrementally funded contract for the advance procurement and 
construction of a submarine tender.
    (b) Availability of Funds.--A contract entered into under subsection 
(a) shall provide that any obligation of the United States to make a 
payment under the contract is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose, and that total liability to the

[[Page 137 STAT. 386]]

Government for the termination of the contract shall be limited to the 
total amount of funding obligated at time of termination.
SEC. 1024. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON SUBMARINE READINESS.

    (a) In General. <<NOTE: Deadline. Termination date.>> --Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and once every 
180 days thereafter until September 30, 2026, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
submarine maintenance and readiness.

    (b) Elements.--Each briefing required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Overview.>>  An overview of submarine 
        maintenance activities, including--
                    (A) the original estimated schedule for completion 
                of attack, ballistic, and guided missile submarine 
                depot-level maintenance activities;
                    (B) any adjustments made to such schedule;
                    (C) in the case of any such adjustment--
                          (i) the reason why the adjustment was 
                      necessary; and
                          (ii) an identification of the new timeframe 
                      for completion and any additional costs, broken 
                      out by shipyard or private entity (by site), by 
                      name, and by type of submarine;
                          (iii) a discussion of the reasons for the 
                      scheduling delays (manpower, parts, or other), 
                      including projections with respect to the 
                      availability of parts;
                          (iv) a discussion of how the cannibalization 
                      of submarines for parts affects the overall 
                      maintenance capacity and scheduling, as well as a 
                      discussion on how moving money from program to 
                      program during the year of execution affects the 
                      scheduling of maintenance; and
                          (v) a discussion of the efforts the Navy has 
                      taken to address the ongoing delays.
            (2) A discussion of ongoing Shipyard Infrastructure 
        Optimization Program efforts and how such efforts affect depot-
        level maintenance activities for attack, ballistic, and guided 
        missile submarines.
            (3) A discussion of how the Department of the Navy is 
        applying lessons learned from other Navy programs to the 
        submarine maintenance enterprise.
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for 
        legislative changes required with respect to policies or 
        resources to ensure efficient and effective maintenance and 
        operational readiness for the submarine enterprise.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

SEC. 1031. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER 
                          OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                          UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
                          BAY, CUBA, TO THE UNITED STATES.

    Section 1033 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1953), as most 
recently amended by section 1031 of the James

[[Page 137 STAT. 387]]

M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
(Public Law 117-263), <<NOTE: 136 Stat. 2769.>>  is further amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2023'' and inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
SEC. 1032. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CONSTRUCT 
                          OR MODIFY FACILITIES IN THE UNITED 
                          STATES TO HOUSE DETAINEES TRANSFERRED 
                          FROM UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, 
                          GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1034(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1954), as most 
recently amended by section 1032 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263), <<NOTE: 136 
Stat. 2769.>>  is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2023'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
SEC. 1033. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR TRANSFER 
                          OR RELEASE OF INDIVIDUALS DETAINED AT 
                          UNITED STATES NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO 
                          BAY, CUBA, TO CERTAIN COUNTRIES.

    Section 1035 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1954), as most 
recently amended by section 1033 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263), <<NOTE: 136 
Stat. 2769.>>  is further amended by striking ``December 31, 2023'' and 
inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
SEC. 1034. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS TO CLOSE OR 
                          RELINQUISH CONTROL OF UNITED STATES 
                          NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    Section 1036 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1551), as most recently amended 
by section 1034 of the James M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263), <<NOTE: 136 Stat. 
2769.>>  is further amended by striking ``2023'' and inserting ``2024''.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

SEC. 1041. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF CERTAIN FUNDS UNTIL 
                          SUBMISSION OF CHAIRMAN'S RISK 
                          ASSESSMENT; BRIEFING REQUIREMENT.

    (a) Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.--
Of <<NOTE: Effective date. Deadline.>>  the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2024 for operation and 
maintenance, Defense-wide, and available for the Office of the Chairman 
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff for travel expenses, not more than 80 
percent may be obligated or expended until the date that is 15 days 
after the date on which the Secretary of Defense submits to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
the risk assessment mandated by paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of 
section 153 of title 10, United States Code, and required to be 
submitted pursuant to paragraph (3) of such subsection by not later than 
February 15, 2024.

    (b) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  Office of the Secretary of Defense.--Of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2024 
for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, and available for

[[Page 137 STAT. 388]]

the Office of the Secretary of Defense for travel expenses, not more 
than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until the date that is 15 
days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the risk 
mitigation plan required to be submitted as part of the assessment 
referred to in subsection (a), if applicable.

    (c) Briefing Requirement.--Section 153 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Briefing Requirement.--(1) Not later than 15 days after the 
submission of the risk assessment required under subsection (b)(2) or 
March 1 of each even-numbered year, whichever is earlier, the Chairman 
shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a briefing on the activities of the Chairman 
under this section.
    ``(2) The briefing required under paragraph (1) shall include--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Review.>>  a detailed review of the risk 
        assessment required under paragraph (2) of subsection (b), 
        including how such risk assessment addresses the elements 
        required in subparagraph (B) of such paragraph;
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of how the risk 
        assessment informs and supports other Joint Staff assessments, 
        including joint capability development assessments, joint force 
        development assessments, comprehensive joint readiness 
        assessments, and global military integration assessments; and
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  if the risk assessment is not 
        delivered at or before the time of the briefing, a timeline for 
        when the risk assessment will be submitted to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives.''.
SEC. 1042. ASSISTANCE IN SUPPORT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          ACCOUNTING FOR MISSING UNITED STATES 
                          GOVERNMENT PERSONNEL.

    (a) Modification of Assistance.--Section 408 of title 10, United 
States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 401.>>  is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Equipment and 
        training of foreign personnel to assist in'' and inserting 
        ``Assistance in support of'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) Funds.'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Limitation'' and inserting ``Limitations'';
                    (B) by striking ``The'' and inserting ``(1) Except 
                as provided in paragraph (2), the'';
                    (C) by striking ``$1,000,000'' and inserting 
                ``$5,000,000''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Waiver authority. Notice.>>  The Secretary may waive 
the limitation under paragraph (1) if the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees notice of the waiver together with the 
reasons why the waiver is necessary.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  No assistance may be provided under 
this section to a foreign nation the government of which the Secretary 
of State determines has repeatedly provided support for international 
terrorism pursuant to--

[[Page 137 STAT. 389]]

            ``(A) section 1754(c)(1)(A) of the Export Control Reform Act 
        of 2018 (50 U.S.C. 4813(c)(1)(A));
            ``(B) section 620A of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 (22 
        U.S.C. 2371); or
            ``(C) section 40 of the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 
        2780).'';
            (4) by striking subsection (f); and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection (f):

    ``(f) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Annual Report.--Not later than 
December 31 of each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the assistance provided 
under this section during the preceding fiscal year.''.

    (b) Briefing. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than July 1, 2024, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on the provision 
of funds under section 408 of title 10, United States Code, as amended 
by subsection (a), and the anticipated demand for such funds.
SEC. 1043. IMPLEMENTATION OF ARRANGEMENTS TO BUILD TRANSPARENCY, 
                          CONFIDENCE, AND SECURITY.

    Section 2241 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Implementation of Vienna Document 2011.--Amounts appropriated 
for operation and maintenance may be used by the Secretary of Defense 
for travel, transportation, and subsistence expenses for meetings and 
demonstrations hosted by the Department of Defense for the 
implementation of the Vienna Document 2011 on Confidence and Security-
Building Measures.''.
SEC. 1044. MODIFICATION TO DEFINITIONS OF CONFUCIUS INSTITUTE.

    (a) Limitation on Provision of Funds to Institutions of Higher 
Education.--Paragraph (1) of section 1062(d) of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 
(Public Law 116-283; 10 U.S.C. 2241) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2241 note.>>  is 
amended to read as follows: 
            ``(1) Confucius institute.--The term `Confucius Institute' 
        means--
                    ``(A) any program that receives funding or support 
                from--
                          ``(i) the Chinese International Education 
                      Foundation; or
                          ``(ii) the Center for Language Exchange 
                      Cooperation of the Ministry of Education of the 
                      People's Republic of China; or
                    ``(B) any cultural institute funded by the 
                Government of the People's Republic of China.''.

    (b) Prohibition of Funds for Chinese Language Instruction.--
Paragraph (2) of section 1091(d) of the of the John S. McCain National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
Stat. 1998) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Confucius institute.--The term `Confucius Institute' 
        means--
                    ``(A) any program that receives funding or support 
                from--
                          ``(i) the Chinese International Education 
                      Foundation; or

[[Page 137 STAT. 390]]

                          ``(ii) the Center for Language Exchange 
                      Cooperation of the Ministry of Education of the 
                      People's Republic of China; or
                    ``(B) any cultural institute funded by the 
                Government of the People's Republic of China.''.
SEC. 1045. TERMINATION OF AUTHORITY TO ISSUE WAIVER OF LIMITATION 
                          ON USE OF FUNDS TO INSTITUTIONS OF 
                          HIGHER EDUCATION HOSTING CONFUCIUS 
                          INSTITUTES.

    Section 1062(b) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 10 U.S.C. 
2241 note) is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Termination of authority.--The authority to issue a 
        waiver under paragraph (1) shall terminate on October 1, 2026, 
        and any waiver issued under such paragraph shall not apply on or 
        after such date.''.
SEC. 1046. VETTING PROCEDURES AND MONITORING REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                          ALLIES AND PARTNERS PARTICIPATING IN 
                          EDUCATION OR TRAINING ACTIVITIES IN THE 
                          UNITED STATES.

    (a) Waiver by Secretary of Defense.--Subsection (a) of section 1090 
of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2021 (Public Law 116-283; 10 U.S.C. 113 note) is amended 
by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) Waiver.--
                    ``(A) In general. <<NOTE: Determination.>> --The 
                Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
                Secretary of State, and without delegation, may waive 
                the requirement to vet covered individuals under this 
                section--
                          ``(i) on a person-by-person basis, if the 
                      Secretary of Defense determines that the waiver is 
                      in the national security interests of the United 
                      States; or
                          ``(ii) on a country-by-country basis, with 
                      respect to foreign nationals or other appropriate 
                      persons who hold a security clearance issued by 
                      that country, if the Secretary of Defense 
                      determines that the vetting procedures of the 
                      country are functionally equivalent to the vetting 
                      procedures of the United States for United States 
                      military personnel.
                    ``(B) Functional equivalence.--
                          ``(i) Definition.--The Secretary of Defense, 
                      acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                      Intelligence and Security and in consultation, as 
                      appropriate, with the Secretary of State, shall 
                      establish and submit to the congressional defense 
                      committees a definition of functional equivalence 
                      for purposes of making a determination under 
                      subparagraph (A)(ii). <<NOTE: Notification.>>  The 
                      Secretary of Defense shall notify the 
                      congressional defense committees of any subsequent 
                      modification the Secretary makes to the 
                      definition.
                          ``(ii) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense 
                      shall conduct an assessment of the vetting 
                      procedures of a country prior to making a 
                      determination of functional equivalence under 
                      subparagraph (A)(ii). Such assessment shall take 
                      into consideration any information

[[Page 137 STAT. 391]]

                      about such procedures provided to the Secretary of 
                      Defense by the Secretary of State.
                    ``(C) Notification requirement.--The Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit a written notification to the 
                congressional defense committees not later than 48 hours 
                after exercising the waiver authority under subparagraph 
                (A), including a justification for the waiver and an 
                assessment of the vetting procedures of a country, if 
                appropriate.''.

    (b) Type of Access Covered.--Subsections (a) through (c) of such 
section 1090 are further amended by striking ``physical access'' each 
place it appears and inserting ``unescorted physical access''.
    (c) Definitions.--
            (1) Covered individual.--Subsection (e)(2) of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) The term `covered individual'--
                    ``(A) except as provided in subparagraph (B), means 
                a foreign national or other appropriate person who is--
                          ``(i) seeking unescorted physical access to a 
                      Department of Defense installation or facility 
                      within the United States; and
                          ``(ii)(I) selected, nominated, or accepted for 
                      training or education for a period of more than 14 
                      days occurring on a Department of Defense 
                      installation or facility within the United States; 
                      or
                          ``(II) an immediate family member accompanying 
                      a foreign national or other appropriate person who 
                      has been so selected, nominated, or accepted for 
                      such training or education; and
                    ``(B) does not include a foreign national or other 
                appropriate person of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, or 
                the United Kingdom who holds a security clearance issued 
                by the country of the foreign national and has provided 
                the Department of Defense a certification of such 
                clearance.''.
            (2) Immediate family member.--Subsection (e)(4) of such 
        section is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``means the parent'' and inserting 
                the following: ``means a person who--
                    ``(A) is the parent'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), as designated by 
                subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, by striking the 
                period and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(B) has attained the age of 16 years old at the 
                time that unescorted physical access is to begin.''.
            (3) Foreign national; other appropriate person.--Section 
        1090(e) of such Act is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) The term `foreign national' means a person who is not 
        a citizen or national of the United States or an alien lawfully 
        admitted for permanent residence in the United States under the 
        Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
            ``(6) The term `other appropriate person' means a person who 
        is a citizen of both the United States and another country

[[Page 137 STAT. 392]]

        or who is an alien lawfully admitted for permanent residence in 
        the United States, if such person intends to attend training or 
        education on behalf of a foreign country.''.

    (d) Clarifying Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking ``Secretary'' each place it appears and inserting ``Secretary 
of Defense'' in the following provisions:
            (1) Paragraphs (2), (3), and (4) of subsection (a).
            (2) Paragraph (1) of subsection (b) in the matter preceding 
        subparagraph (A).
SEC. 1047. AUTHORITY TO INCLUDE FUNDING REQUESTS FOR THE CHEMICAL 
                          AND BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE PROGRAM IN BUDGET 
                          ACCOUNTS OF MILITARY DEPARTMENTS.

    Section 1701(d)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 50 U.S.C. 1522(d)(2)) is amended 
by striking ``may not be included in the budget accounts'' and inserting 
``may be included in the budget accounts''.
SEC. 1048. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS UNTIL DELIVERY OF 
                          REPORT ON NEXT GENERATION TACTICAL 
                          COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Commander of the United States Special 
Operations Command and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall jointly submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on special operations forces 
tactical communications requirements and plans for addressing such 
requirements.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following:
            (1) A description of special operations forces tactical 
        communications requirements.
            (2) An explanation of how funding provided in prior fiscal 
        years, and the proposed funding for fiscal year 2024, has 
        enhanced, and will continue to enhance, the fielding of tactical 
        communications capabilities to special operations forces 
        components.
            (3) A description of deficiencies identified with the AN/
        PRC-163 radio and a plan for addressing such deficiencies.
            (4) An update on the status of fielding of two-channel 
        manpack and two-channel handheld radios to special operations 
        forces, including an explanation for any special operations 
        forces components or units that have requested, but not yet 
        received, such radios.
            (5) An articulation of lessons learned from the prior 
        testing and fielding of tactical communications capabilities to 
        meet unique mission requirements of special operations forces 
        components.
            (6) An explanation of the approach of the United States 
        Special Operations Command to ensuring that communications 
        capabilities under the tactical communications program meet 
        security and resiliency requirements mandated by section 168 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92).
            (7) Any other matter the Commander of United States Special 
        Operations Command and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict determine 
        relevant.

[[Page 137 STAT. 393]]

    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2024 for the United States Special Operations Command for procurement of 
next generation tactical communications, not more than 90 percent may be 
obligated or expended until the Commander of United States Special 
Operations Command and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low Intensity Conflict submit to the congressional 
defense committees the report required under subsection (a).
SEC. 1049. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 1561.>>  ESTABLISHMENT OF 
                          PROCEDURE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          TO DETERMINE CERTAIN COMPLAINTS OR 
                          REQUESTS REGARDING PUBLIC DISPLAYS OR 
                          PUBLIC EXPRESSIONS OF RELIGION ON 
                          PROPERTY OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Establishment. <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>> --Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall prescribe regulations that establish the procedure for the 
timely determination of a covered complaint or request regarding a 
public display or public expression of religion on property of the 
Department of Defense. Such regulations shall ensure that--
            (1) the officer or official of the Department who receives 
        such complaint or request forwards the covered complaint or 
        request--
                    (A) to the individual authorized to make a 
                determination under subsection (b); and
                    (B) not later than 10 days after such receipt; and
            (2) such individual--
                    (A) makes such determination not later than 30 days 
                after such individual receives such forwarded covered 
                complaint or request; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  timely notifies the 
                individual or entity who made such covered complaint or 
                request, and the officer or official of the Department 
                who received such covered complaint or request, of such 
                determination.

    (b) Determinations.--A determination under regulations prescribed 
under subsection (a) shall be made--
            (1) by--
                    (A) the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned; or
                    (B) the head of the Defense Agency or Department of 
                Defense Field Activity concerned; and
            (2) after consultation with--
                    (A)(i) in the case of a determination made by the 
                Secretary of the military department concerned, the 
                Chief of Chaplains of the military department concerned; 
                or
                    (ii) in the case of a determination made by the head 
                of the Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
                Activity concerned, the Armed Forces Chaplains Board; 
                and
                    (B)(i) a civilian attorney under the jurisdiction 
                the Secretary of the military department concerned or 
                the head of the Defense Agency or Department of Defense 
                Field Activity concerned; or
                    (ii) an officer of the Judge Advocate General's 
                Corps.

[[Page 137 STAT. 394]]

    (c) Covered Complaint or Request Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered complaint or request'' means a complaint or request--
            (1) regarding a public display or public expression of 
        religion on property of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) made by an individual or entity other than--
                    (A) a member of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) a civilian employee of the Department of 
                Defense; or
                    (C) a contractor of the Department of Defense.
SEC. 1050. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR DESTRUCTION OF 
                          LANDMINES.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for fiscal year 2024 for the Department of Defense for the destruction 
of anti-personnel landmine munitions, not more than 30 percent may be 
obligated or expended before the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
submits the report required by subsection (c).
    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception for Safety.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (a), the Secretary may obligate or expend funds referred to 
in such subsection in excess of the limitation under such subsection as 
necessary for the destruction of any anti-personnel landmine munition 
that the Secretary determines is unsafe or could pose a safety risk to 
the United States Armed Forces if not demilitarized or destroyed.

    (c) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report that includes 
        each of the following:
                    (A) A description of the policy of the Department of 
                Defense regarding the use of anti-personnel landmines, 
                including any available methods for commanders to seek 
                waivers to use such munitions.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Cost projections. Time period.>>  
                Projections covering the period of 10 years following 
                the date of the report of--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Inventory.>>  the inventory levels 
                      for all anti-personnel landmine munitions, taking 
                      into account future production of anti-personnel 
                      landmine munitions, any plans for demilitarization 
                      of such munitions, the age of the munitions, 
                      storage and safety considerations, and any other 
                      factors that are expected to affect the size of 
                      the inventory;
                          (ii) the cost to achieve the inventory levels 
                      projected in clause (i), including the cost for 
                      potential demilitarization or disposal of such 
                      munitions; and
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the cost to 
                      develop and produce new anti-personnel landmine 
                      munitions if the Secretary determines such 
                      munitions are necessary to meet the demands of 
                      operational plans.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment by the 
                Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the adequacy of 
                the inventory levels projected under subparagraph (B)(i) 
                to meet operational requirements.

[[Page 137 STAT. 395]]

                    (D) Any other matters that the Secretary determines 
                appropriate for inclusion in the report.
            (2) Form of report.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.

    (d) Briefing Required.--
            (1) In general. <<NOTE: Deadline.>> --Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
        a briefing on the status, as of the date of the briefing, of 
        research and development into operational alternatives to anti-
        personnel landmine munitions.
            (2) Form of briefing.--The briefing required by paragraph 
        (1) may contain classified information.

    (e) Anti-personnel Landmine Munitions Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``anti-personnel landmine munitions'' includes anti-personnel 
landmines and submunitions, as defined by the Convention on the 
Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-
Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, concluded at Oslo September 
18, 1997, as determined by the Secretary.
SEC. 1051. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR TRAVEL EXPENSES 
                          OF OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE 
                          UNTIL SUBMISSION OF CERTAIN PLANS.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal 
year 2024 for operation and maintenance, Defense-wide, and available for 
the Office of the Secretary of Defense for travel expenses, not more 
than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of 
Defense submits--
            (1) the implementation plan required by section 1087(b) of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
        (Public Law 117-263; 136 Stat. 2802; 10 U.S.C. 161 note) 
        relating to the requirement of such section to establish a joint 
        force headquarters in the area of operations of United States 
        Indo-Pacific Command to serve as an operational command; and
            (2) the plan required by section 1332(g) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-
        81; 135 Stat. 2008) relating to strategic competition in the 
        areas of responsibility of United States Southern Command and 
        United States Africa Command.
SEC. 1052. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note.>>  PROHIBITION ON DISPLAY OF 
                          UNAPPROVED FLAGS.

    (a) Prohibition.--No flag other than an approved flag shall be 
displayed in any work place, common access area, or public area of the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Exclusions.--The prohibition under subsection (a) shall not 
apply to--
            (1) the public display or depiction of a flag other than an 
        approved flag in a museum exhibit, State-issued license plate, 
        grave site, memorial marker, monument, educational display, 
        historical display, or work of art, if the nature of the display 
        or depiction cannot reasonably be viewed as endorsement of the 
        flag by the Department of Defense; or
            (2) a building or area that primarily serves as a place of 
        residence, including a barracks, dormitory, bachelor quarters, 
        government-operated housing, or public-private venture housing 
        area.

[[Page 137 STAT. 396]]

    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to affect the authority of a military commander to enforce 
good order and discipline on a military installation.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``approved flag'' means any of the following:
                    (A) The American flag.
                    (B) The flag of a State or of the District of 
                Columbia.
                    (C) A military service flag.
                    (D) A flag or general officer flag.
                    (E) A Presidentially-appointed, Senate-confirmed 
                civilian flag.
                    (F) A Senior Executive Service or military 
                department-specific flag.
                    (G) The National League of Families POW/MIA flag.
                    (H) The flag of another country that is an ally or 
                partner of the United States or for official protocol 
                purposes.
                    (I) The flag of an organization of which the United 
                States is a member.
                    (J) A ceremonial, command, unit, or branch flag or 
                guidon.
                    (K) The flag of an athletic team, club, cadet-led 
                organization, academic department, unit subdivision, or 
                other entity approved to operate at a Service Academy 
                (as such term is defined in section 347 of title 10, 
                United States Code) or in conjunction with a Reserve 
                Officer Training Corps activity.
                    (L) A flag or banner displayed by a retail tenant or 
                non-government entity operating in a building owned or 
                controlled by the Department of Defense, for the 
                purposes of advertising business products and services, 
                if authorized by contract.
                    (M) A religious flag or banner, including a holiday 
                flag, if otherwise authorized.
                    (N) A flag approved at the discretion of the 
                military chain of command or senior civilian leadership, 
                as appropriate.
            (2) The term ``work place, common access area, or public 
        area of the Department of Defense'' includes the following:
                    (A) An office building, facility, naval vessel, 
                aircraft, governmental vehicle, hangar, garage, ready 
                room, storage room, tool and equipment room, or 
                workshop.
                    (B) A sensitive compartmented information facility 
                of other secure facility.
                    (C) A schoolhouse or training facility.
                    (D) The area in plain view of such a building that 
                is not residential in nature, including the areas 
                outside of buildings of the Department of Defense.
SEC. 1053. COLLABORATION WITH PARTNER COUNTRIES TO DEVELOP AND 
                          MAINTAIN MILITARY-WIDE TRANSFORMATIONAL 
                          STRATEGIES FOR OPERATIONAL ENERGY.

    Section 2926(e)(2)(E) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``An assessment'' and inserting ``A biennial 
        assessment'';

[[Page 137 STAT. 397]]

            (2) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``, 
        which shall include--''; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  by adding at the end the following 
        new clauses:
                    ``(i) an identification of efforts by the United 
                States and allied and partner countries to mitigate 
                mutual contested logistics challenges and to develop 
                complementary energy security and energy reliance 
                measures;
                    ``(ii) an analysis of investments made by allied and 
                partner countries in any technology, including electric, 
                hydrogen, nuclear, biofuels, and any other sustainable 
                fuel technology or renewable energy technology, that may 
                reduce demand for operational energy in the near-term or 
                long-term;
                    ``(iii) an identification of any limitations or 
                barriers to closing or mitigating gaps in operational 
                energy investment with allied and partner countries, 
                including any additional authorities or appropriations 
                that may be required; and
                    ``(iv) an analysis of the feasibility and 
                advisability of establishing a partnership program using 
                existing authorities to collaborate with the national 
                security forces of allied and partner countries for the 
                purpose of developing and maintaining transformational 
                strategies for operational energy with the objectives of 
                enhancing the readiness of such countries and employing 
                diverse energy sources that reduce demand and logistical 
                vulnerabilities.''.
SEC. 1054. STUDENT LOAN DEFERMENT FOR DISLOCATED MILITARY SPOUSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 455(f) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 
(20 U.S.C. 1087e(f)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
            ``(4) Deferment for dislocated military spouses.--
                    ``(A) Duration and effect on principal and 
                interest.--A borrower of a loan made under this part who 
                meets the requirements of subparagraph (B) shall be 
                eligible for a deferment for an aggregate period of 180 
                days, during which periodic installments of principal 
                need not be paid, and interest--
                          ``(i) shall not accrue, in the case of a--
                                    ``(I) Federal Direct Stafford Loan; 
                                or
                                    ``(II) a Federal Direct 
                                Consolidation Loan that consolidated 
                                only Federal Direct Stafford Loans, or a 
                                combination of such loans and Federal 
                                Stafford Loans for which the student 
                                borrower received an interest subsidy 
                                under section 428; or
                          ``(ii) shall accrue and be capitalized or paid 
                      by the borrower, in the case of a Federal Direct 
                      PLUS Loan, a Federal Direct Unsubsidized Stafford 
                      Loan, or a Federal Direct Consolidation Loan not 
                      described in clause (i)(II).
                    ``(B) Eligibility.--A borrower of a loan made under 
                this part shall be eligible for a deferment under 
                subparagraph (A) if the borrower--

[[Page 137 STAT. 398]]

                          ``(i) is the spouse of a member of the Armed 
                      Forces serving on active duty; and
                          ``(ii) has experienced a loss of employment as 
                      a result of relocation to accommodate a permanent 
                      change in duty station of such member.
                    ``(C) Documentation and approval.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A borrower may establish 
                      eligibility for a deferment under subparagraph (A) 
                      by providing to the Secretary--
                                    ``(I) the documentation described in 
                                clause (ii); or
                                    ``(II) such other documentation as 
                                the Secretary determines appropriate.
                          ``(ii) Documentation.--The documentation 
                      described in this clause is--
                                    ``(I) evidence that the borrower is 
                                the spouse of a member of the Armed 
                                Forces serving on active duty;
                                    ``(II) evidence that a military 
                                permanent change of station order was 
                                issued to such member; and
                                    ``(III)(aa) evidence that the 
                                borrower is eligible for unemployment 
                                benefits due to a loss of employment 
                                resulting from relocation to accommodate 
                                such permanent change in duty station; 
                                or
                                    ``(bb) a written certification, or 
                                an equivalent as approved by the 
                                Secretary, that the borrower is 
                                registered with a public or private 
                                employment agency due to a loss of 
                                employment resulting from relocation to 
                                accommodate such permanent change in 
                                duty station.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 20 USC 1087e note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

SEC. 1061. MODIFICATIONS OF REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Consolidated Budget Quarterly Report on Use of Funds.--Section 
381(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly 
        Report'' and inserting ``Semiannual Report'';
            (2) by striking ``Not later than 60 days after the end of 
        each calendar quarter, the'' and inserting ``The'';
            (3) by striking ``Defense during such calendar quarter'' and 
        inserting ``Defense--''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) by not later than August 31 of each year, for the 
        first six-month period of that year; and
            ``(2) by not later than February 28 of each year, for the 
        second six-month period of the preceding year.''.

    (b) National Security Strategy for the National Technology and 
Industrial Base.--Section 4811(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``The Secretary shall submit such strategy to 
Congress not later than 180 days after the date

[[Page 137 STAT. 399]]

of submission of the national security strategy report required under 
section 108 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3043).'' and 
inserting ``The Secretary shall submit such strategy to Congress as an 
integrated part of the report submitted under section 4814 of this 
title.''.
    (c) National Technology and Industrial Base Report and Quarterly 
Briefing.--
            (1) In general.--Section 4814 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by amending the section heading to read as 
                follows:
``Sec. 4814. National technology and industrial base: biennial 
                  report'';
                    (B) by striking ``(a) Annual Report.--'';
                    (C) by striking ``March 1 of each year'' and 
                inserting ``March 1 of each odd-numbered year''; and
                    (D) by striking subsection (b).
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 382 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC prec. 
        4811.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        4814 and inserting the following:

``4814. National technology and industrial base: biennial report.''.

            (3) Conforming amendment.--Section 858(b)(2) of the James M. 
        Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
        (Public Law 117-263) <<NOTE: 10 USC 48110 note.>>  is amended--
                    (A) by striking subparagraph (A); and
                    (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (B) through (H) 
                as subparagraphs (A) through (G), respectively.

    (d) Annual Military Cyberspace Operations Report.--Section 1644 of 
the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (10 U.S.C. 
394 note; Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) in the matter preceding paragraph (1) 
        in the first sentence--
                    (A) by inserting ``effects'' after ``all named 
                military cyberspace''; and
                    (B) by striking ``, operations, cyber effects 
                enabling operations, and cyber operations conducted as 
                defensive operations'' and inserting ``conducted for 
                either offensive or defensive purposes''; and
            (2) in subsection (c), by inserting ``or cyber effects 
        operations for which Congress has otherwise been provided 
        notice'' before the period.

    (e) Extension and Modification of Authority to Provide Assistance to 
the Vetted Syrian Opposition.--Section 1231(d) of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
232) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Quarterly'' and 
        inserting ``Semiannual''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``quarterly'' and inserting ``semiannual''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``90-day'' and 
                inserting ``180-day''.

    (f) Theft, Loss, or Release of Biological Select Agents or Toxins 
Involving Department of Defense.--Section 1067(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 50 
U.S.C. 1528(a)) is amended to read as follows:

[[Page 137 STAT. 400]]

    ``(a) Notification.--(1) Subject to paragraph (2), not later than 45 
days after a covered report of any theft, loss, or release of a 
biological select agent or toxin involving the Department of Defense is 
filed with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention or the Animal 
and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Nuclear, Chemical, and 
Biological Defense Programs, shall provide to the congressional defense 
committees notice of such theft, loss, or release.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees notice of a release under paragraph (1) 
only if the Secretary, acting through the Assistant Secretary, 
determines that the release is outside the barriers of secondary 
containment into the ambient air or environment or is causing 
occupational exposure that presents a threat to public safety.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this subsection, the term `covered 
report' means a report filed under any of the following (or any 
successor regulations):
            ``(A) Section 331.19 of title 7, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.
            ``(B) Section 121.19 of title 9, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.
            ``(C) Section 73.19 of title 42, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.''.

    (g) Audit of Department of Defense Financial Statements.--Section 
240a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a) Annual Audit Required.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (b).

    (h) Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation Plan.--Section 
240b(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``June 30, 
                2019, and annually thereafter'' and inserting ``July 31 
                each year'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking clauses (vii) through (x); and
                          (ii) by redesignating clauses (xi), (xii), and 
                      (xiii) as clauses (vii), (viii), and (ix), 
                      respectively; and
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (C); and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by striking ``June 30'' and inserting 
                      ``July 31''; and
                          (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``June 30'' and inserting 
                      ``July 31''; and
                          (ii) by striking the second sentence.

    (i) Annual Reports on Funding.--Section 1009(c) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 
U.S.C. 240b note) is amended by striking ``five days'' and inserting 
``10 days''.
SEC. 1062. EXTENSION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT A REPORT ON 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SUPPORT FOR 
                          DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY AT THE 
                          INTERNATIONAL BORDERS OF THE UNITED 
                          STATES.

    Section 1014(d)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 271 note) is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2024'' and inserting ``December 31, 2025''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 401]]

SEC. 1063. BRIEFING ON DEFENSE POW/MIA ACCOUNTING AGENCY 
                          CAPABILITIES REQUIRED TO EXPAND 
                          ACCOUNTING FOR PERSONS MISSING FROM 
                          DESIGNATED PAST CONFLICTS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than March 1, 2024, 
and annually thereafter for each of the next five years, the Director of 
the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on 
the capabilities required to expand accounting for persons missing from 
designated past conflicts.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1501 note.>>  Authority to Enter Into 
Agreements.--The Director of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency may 
enter into agreements with universities or research organizations under 
which such universities or research organizations agree to provide 
additional capabilities for specialized missions or research 
requirements relating to expanding accounting for persons missing from 
designated past conflicts.
SEC. 1064. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR MAINTAINING PROFICIENT AIRCREWS IN 
                          CERTAIN MISSION AREAS.

    (a) Plan Required.-- The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop a 
plan, and the associated actions and milestones for implementing the 
plan, to designate, equip, and train the number of combat air forces 
aviation units (in this section referred to as ``CAF units''), equipped 
with fixed-wing or rotorcraft assets, that are required in order to 
maintain proficient aircrew skills in accordance with the Core Mission 
Essential Task List and Designed Operational Capability Statement of 
each such unit in the following mission areas:
            (1) Close air support.
            (2) Forward air controller-airborne.
            (3) Combat search and rescue.
            (4) Airborne battle management.

    (b) Report.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the plan required under 
subsection (a). Such report shall include the following information:
            (1) The number of CAF units required to meet steady-state, 
        contingency, and wartime mission requirements for each mission 
        area referred to in subsection (a).
            (2) The number of proficient aircrews each unit must 
        maintain in order to be qualified and current in each such 
        mission area.
            (3) The number of CAF units and aircrew personnel that, as 
        of the date of the enactment of this Act, are trained and 
        equipped to meet steady-state, contingency, and wartime mission 
        requirements for each such mission area.
            (4) The location of any CAF unit and associated aircraft 
        that have been designated to be proficient in such mission 
        areas.
            (5) The minimum quantity of initial training and 
        continuation training sorties and events aircrews will be 
        required to achieve monthly and yearly to be qualified as 
        proficient, current, and experienced in such mission areas.
            (6) Any other information, data, or analyses the Secretary 
        determines relevant.

    (c) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Limitation.--The Secretary of the Air 
Force may not reduce the total inventory of the Air Force of A-10 
aircraft below 218

[[Page 137 STAT. 402]]

until the date that is 180 days after the date on which the Secretary 
submits the report required under subsection (b).

    (d) Definition of Proficient.--In this section, the term 
``proficient'', with respect to an aircrew, means that such aircrew--
            (1) has thorough knowledge but occasionally may make an 
        error of omission or commission;
            (2) is able to operate in a complex, fluid environment and 
        is able to handle most contingencies and unusual circumstances; 
        and
            (3) is prepared for mission tasking on the first sortie in a 
        theater of operations.
SEC. 1065. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  INDEPENDENT STUDY ON NAVAL MINE 
                          WARFARE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  Study Required.--Not later than 60 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall seek to enter into an agreement with a federally funded research 
and development center to conduct an independent study of the mine 
warfare capabilities of the Navy.

    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include an 
assessment and comprehensive review of--
            (1) the offensive and defensive mine warfare capabilities of 
        the Navy; and
            (2) the offensive mine inventories of Navy as of the date of 
        study.

    (c) Results.--Following the completion of the study under subsection 
(a), the federally funded research and development center that conducts 
the study shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the 
results of the study. The report shall include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the research and other 
        activities carried out as part of the study; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  considerations and 
        recommendations to improve the mine warfare capabilities of the 
        Navy, including recommendations for any legislation that may be 
        needed for such purpose.

    (d) Submittal to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2024, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Records.>>  an unaltered copy of the 
                results of the study, as submitted to the Secretary 
                under subsection (c); and
                    (B) the written responses of the Secretary and the 
                Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to such results.
            (2) Form.--The submission under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
SEC. 1066. <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  ANNUAL REPORT AND BRIEFING ON 
                          IMPLEMENTATION OF FORCE DESIGN 2030.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 15, 2024, and annually 
thereafter through February 15, 2030, the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report detailing 
the programmatic choices made to implement Force Design 2030, including 
both new developmental and fielded capabilities, as well as capabilities 
and capacity divested to accelerate the implementation of Force Design 
2030.
    (b) Briefing Requirement.--Not later than March 15, 2024, and 
annually thereafter through March 15, 2030, the Commandant of the Marine 
Corps shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing 
on the elements described in subsection (c).

[[Page 137 STAT. 403]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--Each report required under 
subsection (a) and briefing required under subsection (b) shall include 
the following elements:
            (1) An assessment of changes in the national defense 
        strategy, Defense Planning Guidance, Joint Warfighting Concept 
        (and associated concept required capabilities), and other 
        planning processes that informed Force Design 2030.
            (2) <<NOTE: Inventory.>>  An inventory and assessment of the 
        exercises and experimentation related to the Force Design, 
        starting in fiscal year 2020, including an identification of the 
        capabilities that were involved and the extent to which such 
        exercises and experimentation validated or militated against 
        proposed capability investments.
            (3) <<NOTE: Inventory.>>  An inventory of divestments of 
        capability or capacity, whether force structure or equipment, 
        starting in fiscal year 2020, including--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a timeline of the progress 
                of each divestment;
                    (B) the type of force structure or equipment 
                divested or reduced;
                    (C) the percentage of force structure or equipment 
                divested or reduced, including any equipment entered 
                into inventory management or another form of storage;
                    (D) the rationale and context behind such 
                divestment;
                    (E) an identification of whether such divestment 
                affects the ability of the Marine Corps to meet the 
                requirements of the Global Force Management process and 
                operational plans, including an explanation of how the 
                Marine Corps plans to mitigate the loss of such 
                capability or capacity if the divestment affects the 
                ability of the Marine Corps to meet the requirements of 
                the Global Force Management process and operational 
                plans, including through new investments, additional 
                joint planning and training, or other methods; and
                    (F) an assessment of the actual and projected 
                recruitment and retention percentages for the Marine 
                Corps, starting in fiscal year 2020.
            (4) <<NOTE: Inventory.>>  An inventory of extant or planned 
        investments as a part of Force Design 2030, disaggregated by 
        integrated air and missile defense, littoral mobility and 
        maneuver, sea denial, and reconnaissance and counter-
        reconnaissance forces, including--
                    (A) capability name;
                    (B) capability purpose and context;
                    (C) capability being replaced (or not applicable);
                    (D) date of initial operational capability;
                    (E) date of full operational capability;
                    (F) deliveries of units by year; and
                    (G) approved acquisition objective or similar 
                inventory objective.
            (5) A description of the amphibious warfare ship and 
        maritime mobility requirements the Marine Corps submitted to the 
        Department of the Navy in support of the Marine Corps 
        organization and concepts under Force Design 2030 and its 
        statutory requirements, including--
                    (A) an explicit statement of the planning 
                assumptions about readiness of amphibious warfare ships 
                and maritime

[[Page 137 STAT. 404]]

                mobility platforms that were used in developing the 
                requirements; and
                    (B) an assessment of whether the 30-year 
                shipbuilding plan of the Navy and the budget for the 
                fiscal year covered by the briefing meet the amphibious 
                ship requirements of the Navy.
            (6) An assessment of how the capability investments 
        described in paragraph (4) contribute to joint force efficacy in 
        new ways, including through support of other Armed Forces.
            (7) An assessment of the ability of the Marine Corps to 
        generate required force elements for the Immediate Ready Force 
        and the Contingency Ready Force over the two fiscal years 
        preceding the fiscal year during which the report and briefing 
        are provided and the expected ability to generate forces for the 
        subsequent two fiscal years.
            (8) An assessment of Marine Corps force structure and the 
        readiness of Marine Expeditionary Units compared to availability 
        of amphibious ships comprising an Amphibious Ready Group over 
        the two fiscal years preceding the fiscal year during which the 
        report and briefing are provided and the expected availability 
        for the subsequent two fiscal years.
            (9) An assessment by the Marine Corps of the compliance of 
        the Marine Corps with the statutory organization prescribed in 
        section 8063 of title 10, United States Code, that ``[t]he 
        Marine Corps, within the Department of the Navy, shall be so 
        organized as to include not less than three combat divisions and 
        three air wings, and such other land combat, aviation, and other 
        services as may be organic therein''.
            (10) An assessment by the Marine Corps of the compliance of 
        the Marine Corps with the statutory functions prescribed in 
        section 8063 of title 10, United States Code, that ``[t]he 
        Marine Corps shall be organized, trained, and equipped to 
        provide fleet marine forces of combined arms, together with 
        supporting air components, for service with the fleet in the 
        seizure or defense of advanced naval bases and for the conduct 
        of such land operations as may be essential to the prosecution 
        of a naval campaign''.

    (d) <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  Effect on Other Requirements.--
Effective on the date of the submission of the first report required 
under subsection (a), the requirement to provide a briefing pursuant to 
section 1023 of the Joint Explanatory Statement accompanying the James 
M. Inhofe National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 
(Public Law 117-263) shall cease to have force or effect.
SEC. 1067. STUDY AND REPORT ON POTENTIAL INCLUSION OF BLACK BOX 
                          DATA RECORDERS IN TACTICAL VEHICLES.

    (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall carry 
out a study to determine the extent to which the Department of Defense 
has evaluated feasability and advisability of equipping all tactical 
vehicles of the Armed Forces with black box data recorders.
    (b) Report.--The Comptroller General shall--
            (1) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Comptroller General shall provide to the 
        congressional defense committees a briefing on the preliminary 
        findings of the study conducted under subsection (a); and

[[Page 137 STAT. 405]]

            (2) submit to the congressional defense committees a final 
        report on such study.
SEC. 1068. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  PLAN ON COUNTERING HUMAN 
                          TRAFFICKING.

    (a) Plan.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a plan for coordinating with defense partners 
in North America and South America and supporting interagency 
departments and agencies, as appropriate, in countering human 
trafficking operations, including human trafficking by transnational 
criminal organizations.
    (b) Elements of Plan.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) a description of the threat to United States security 
        from human trafficking operations;
            (2) a description of the authorities of the Department of 
        Defense for the purposes specified in subsection (a);
            (3) a description of any current or proposed Department of 
        Defense programs or activities to coordinate with defense 
        partners or provide support to interagency departments and 
        agencies as described in subsection (a); and
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  any recommendations of the 
        Secretary of Defense for additional authorities for the purposes 
        of countering human trafficking, including by transnational 
        criminal organizations.

    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the submission of the 
plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall brief 
the appropriate congressional committees regarding the authorities, 
programs, and activities of the Department of Defense to counter human 
trafficking operations.
    (d) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental 
        Affairs and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate; 
        and
            (3) the Committee on Oversight and Administration and the 
        Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 1069. UPDATE TO STRATEGIC PLAN ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          COMBATING TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall update the strategic 
plan for the combating trafficking in persons program of the Department 
of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Plan.--The updated strategic plan required under 
subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the efforts of 
        the Department of Defense to combat trafficking in persons in 
        areas with high populations of members of the United States 
        Armed Forces, including in overseas locations.
            (2) <<NOTE: Review.>>  A review of the coordination of 
        efforts of the Department to combat trafficking in persons 
        across the military departments in areas where multiple military 
        departments operate bases.
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for 
        improved cooperation with local communities and relevant 
        Federal, State, and local law enforcement agencies in addressing 
        trafficking in persons.

[[Page 137 STAT. 406]]

            (4) <<NOTE: Review.>>  A review of new methods and concepts 
        for combating trafficking in persons that the Department has 
        implemented since the previous strategic plan.
            (5) A description of plans of the Department to adapt 
        innovative approaches, and integrate new technologies.
            (6) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of Department 
        capabilities to combat child sexual abuse and exploitation in 
        areas with high populations of members of the United States 
        Armed Forces, including overseas locations.
            (7) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for 
        programs to educate members of the United States Armed Forces on 
        how to identify and report instances of child sexual abuse and 
        exploitation, both online and in-person, to the appropriate law 
        enforcement agency.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than June 1, 2024, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the appropriate congressional 
committees a briefing on the updated strategic plan required under 
subsection (a).

    (d) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Appropriate Congressional Committees.--In 
this section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on 
        Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on Oversight and 
        Accountability of the House of Representatives; and
            (2) the Committee Armed Services, the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations, and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
SEC. 1070. REPORT ON USE OF TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT FOR 
                          DEPLOYMENTS AND HOMELAND DEFENSE 
                          MISSIONS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy, shall 
conduct a study on the use of Department of Defense tactical fighter 
aircraft for deployments, including taskings supporting homeland defense 
missions.
    (b) <<NOTE: Reviews. Assessments.>>  Elements.--In carrying out the 
study required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) review both deployment and exercise requirements for 
        tactical fighter aircraft levied by each geographic combatant 
        command;
            (2) assess the deployable forces currently available to 
        fulfill each of the requirements identified under paragraph (1), 
        including whether such forces are adequate to meet the global 
        requirements;
            (3) review any relevant tactical fighter forces that are not 
        considered deployable or available to meet the requirements of 
        the combatant commanders and consider whether the status of such 
        forces can or should change;
            (4) assess whether tactical fighter aircraft coverage of the 
        United States during the deployment of tactical fighter aircraft 
        to locations outside the United States has been adequately 
        considered, in particular with respect to the areas in and 
        around Alaska and Hawaii;
            (5) assess the land-based tactical fighter aircraft units of 
        the active and reserve components of the Air Force, Navy, and 
        Marine Corps that could be considered for inclusion in homeland 
        defense mission requirements; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 407]]

            (6) <<NOTE: Evaluation. Time periods.>>  identify and 
        evaluate deployment metrics, for each of the 15 fiscal years 
        preceding the fiscal year during which the study is conducted, 
        for the tactical fighter squadrons of the active and reserve 
        components of the Air Force, Navy, and Marine Corps, which shall 
        include--
                    (A) all contingency taskings supported, aggregated 
                by active and reserve component taskings supporting 
                Operation Noble Eagle and President of the United States 
                support missions and overseas contingency taskings;
                    (B) the average number of deployments per squadron, 
                aggregated by active and reserve component squadrons;
                    (C) the average deployment duration (in days), 
                aggregated by active and reserve components; and
                    (D) the percentage of days deployed, aggregated by 
                active and reserve components.

    (c) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2024, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes the results of a study required under subsection (a).
SEC. 1071. REPORT ON EQUIPPING CERTAIN GROUND COMBAT UNITS WITH 
                          SMALL UNMANNED AERIAL SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on equipping platoon-sized 
ground combat formations with group 1 or group 2 unmanned aerial 
systems.
    (b) Elements.--The report submitted pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
address the following:
            (1) The use of group 1 or group 2 unmanned aerial systems in 
        the Ukraine conflict and best practices learned.
            (2) The potential use of group 1 or group 2 unmanned aerial 
        systems to augment small unit tactics and lethality in the 
        ground combat forces.
            (3) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  Procurement challenges, legal 
        restrictions, training shortfalls, operational limitations, or 
        other impediments to fielding group 1 or group 2 unmanned aerial 
        systems at the platoon level.
            (4) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan to equip platoon-sized ground 
        combat formations in the close combat force with group 1 or 
        group 2 unmanned aerial systems at a basis of issue, as 
        determined appropriate by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned, including a proposed timeline and fielding 
        strategy.
            (5) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan to equip such other ground 
        combat units with group 1 or group 2 unmanned aerial systems, as 
        determined appropriate by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned.
SEC. 1072. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON HOMELAND DEFENSE PLANNING.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  In General.--Not later than 30 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days 
thereafter through February 1, 2026, the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on efforts to 
bolster homeland defense.

    (b) Contents.--
            (1) First briefing.--The first briefing required by 
        subsection (a) shall include each of the following:

[[Page 137 STAT. 408]]

                    (A) A detailed description of the homeland defense 
                policy guidance.
                    (B) The assumptions used in the drafting of such 
                guidance.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Guidance. Timeline.>>  If such guidance 
                has not been completed, an explanation of the reasons 
                for the lack of completion and a timeline for 
                completion.
            (2) <<NOTE: Foreign countries. Updates. Determinations.>>  
        All briefings.--Each briefing required under subsection (a) 
        shall include each of the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of any update made 
                to the homeland defense policy guidance.
                    (B) An update on threats to the United States 
                emanating from the Government of the People's Republic 
                of China, the Government of the Russian Federation, the 
                Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 
                the Government of Iran, and any other adversary country, 
                as determined by the Secretary.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A description of major 
                actions taken by the Department during the preceding 
                fiscal year to respond to and mitigate military threats 
                to the United States.
                    (D) A description of the homeland defense policies 
                of the Department in the event of a military conflict 
                with the People's Republic of China, the Russian 
                Federation, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 
                the Islamic Republic of Iran, or any other country as 
                determined by the Secretary.
                    (E) Any other matter the Secretary considers 
                relevant.
SEC. 1073. REPORT ON EFFECTIVENESS OF CURRENT USE OF UNITED STATES 
                          NAVAL STATION, GUANTANAMO BAY, CUBA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than April 30, 2024, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the extent to which United 
States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, is being used effectively to 
defend the national security interests of the United States.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
each of the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Analysis. Russia. China. Assessment.>>  An 
        analysis of the intelligence collection, cyber, and information 
        operation activities in Cuba of the militaries of foreign 
        governments, including the Russian Federation and the People's 
        Republic of China, and an assessment of the effects of such 
        activities.
            (2) An identification of the mitigation measures currently 
        in place for addressing the activities referred to in paragraph 
        (1) and a discussion of any measures that would be appropriate 
        for further mitigation.
            (3) Such other matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

    (c) Form of Report.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 1074. HOLISTIC TRAINING RANGE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense, after 
coordinating with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
carry out a comprehensive assessment of the capabilities, limitations, 
and anticipated future training constraints on the use of

[[Page 137 STAT. 409]]

military lands, marine areas, and airspace facilities that are available 
in the United States and overseas, for training of the covered Armed 
Forces.
    (b) Contents.--The assessment required by subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following:
            (1) An assessment of the range capability of each facility.
            (2) An assessment of current and future training 
        requirements, including any opportunities for regional 
        interconnectivity of existing sites to increase capability.
            (3) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of the adequacy of 
        current Department of Defense resources (including virtual and 
        constructive training assets as well as military lands, marine 
        areas, and airspace available in the United States and overseas) 
        to meet current and future training range requirements--
                    (A) identified under paragraph (2);
                    (B) relating to testing and training of fifth 
                generation weapons systems; and
                    (C) relating to near-peer competition.
            (4) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of threats posed by 
        adversarial intelligence collection at each facility.
            (5) An assessment of current capacity for testing and 
        training of electromagnetic warfare operations, including--
                    (A) electromagnetic spectrum operations;
                    (B) operations in the information environment;
                    (C) Joint All Domain Command and Control; and
                    (D) information warfare.
            (6) An assessment of current capacity for training and 
        testing and future potential for Joint All Domain operations, 
        including--
                    (A) an assessment of current shortfalls at domestic 
                military installations; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of ranges 
                capable of hosting large-scale, operationally relevant, 
                live-fire campaign-level Joint All Domain operations 
                training exercises based on near-peer competition.
            (7) An assessment of the capacity of the covered Armed 
        Forces to routinely train, test, evaluate, and qualify theater-
        level operations in support of operations versus a pacing 
        threat, as defined by the most recent national defense strategy 
        submitted pursuant to section 113(g) of title 10, United States 
        Code, for the purpose of increasing the capacity and rate of 
        force readiness with respect to deterrence and defense at 
        theater-level distances. Such assessment shall include--
                    (A) an identification of areas in which multiple 
                ranges can be used simultaneously to simulate Pacific 
                Deterrence Initiative theater operation plans, including 
                areas for over water and coastline training;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of the combined 
                capability of the total test or training areas to 
                simulate various public, private, and academic 
                initiatives in support of the Pacific Deterrence 
                Initiative while advancing military readiness; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Review.>>  a review of any test or 
                training areas that may enhance efforts of the 
                Department to train at scale and range when persistently 
                networked into a live, virtual, and constructive Pacific 
                environment.
            (8) <<NOTE: Proposals. Timeline. Budget estimate.>>  
        Proposals to enhance training range capabilities and mitigate 
        any shortfalls or encroachment, including Department

[[Page 137 STAT. 410]]

        assets within the range footprint, in current Department of 
        Defense resources identified pursuant to the assessment required 
        under this section, including timeline and budget estimates for 
        implementing any proposed mitigations.
            (9) Such other matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

    (c) Initial Report.--At the same time as the submission of the 
budget of the President to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 
31, United States Code, for fiscal year 2026, the Secretary shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees an initial report on the 
assessment required by subsection (a).
    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Subsequent Annual Reports.--At the same 
time as the submission of the President submits to Congress pursuant to 
such section for each of fiscal years 2027 through 2032, the Secretary 
shall submit to Congress a report describing the progress made in 
implementing the proposals referred to in subsection (b)(8) and any 
additional actions taken, or to be taken, to address training 
constraints caused by limitations on the use of military lands, marine 
areas, and airspace.

    (e) Covered Armed Force Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Force'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
and Space Force.
SEC. 1075. <<NOTE: 10 USC 993 note.>>  SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCE 
                          STRUCTURE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Report.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report containing an 
assessment of the optimal force structure for special operations forces. 
Such report shall include--
            (1) a description of the role of special operations forces 
        in implementing the most recent national defense strategy under 
        section 113(g) of title 10, United States Code;
            (2) a detailed accounting of the demand for special 
        operations forces by the geographic combatant commands;
            (3) an assessment of current and projected capabilities and 
        capacities of the general purpose forces of the United States 
        Armed Forces, including forces that enable special operations, 
        that could affect force structure capability and capacity 
        requirements of special operations forces;
            (4) an assessment of the size, composition, and 
        organizational structure of the special operations command 
        headquarters of each of the Armed Forces and subordinate 
        headquarters elements;
            (5) an assessment of the adequacy of special operations 
        force structure for meeting the goals of the National Military 
        Strategy under section 153(b) of title 10, United States Code;
            (6) a description of the role of special operations forces 
        in supporting the Joint Concept for Competing; and
            (7) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        relevant.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notification Required.--Except as provided 
in subsection (d), not later than 15 days before making any reduction in 
the number of special operations forces by more than 1,000 personnel and 
prior to implementing or announcing such reduction, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees written 
notification of the decision to make such reduction.

[[Page 137 STAT. 411]]

    (c) Contents of Notification.--A notification required under 
subsection (b) shall include--
            (1) details of the planned changes to force structure and 
        personnel requirements and a justification for the planned 
        changes, including--
                    (A) which units or occupational skills are planned 
                to be reduced or reallocated; and
                    (B) to which units or capabilities the force 
                structure is planned to be transferred or reallocated;
            (2) an accounting of the personnel planned to be transferred 
        under the force structure change, including which units such 
        personnel are planned to be transferred to and from;
            (3) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of the expected 
        implications of the planned change on the ability of the 
        Department of Defense to carry out operational and campaign 
        plans of combatant commanders, support the Joint Concept for 
        Competing, and meet the goals of the most recent national 
        defense strategy under section 113(g) of title 10, United States 
        Code; and
            (4) any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        relevant.

    (d) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Exception.--The notification 
requirement under subsection (b) shall not apply with respect to a 
reduction in the number of special operations forces if the Secretary of 
Defense submits to the congressional defense committees certification 
that such reduction needs to be implemented expeditiously for reasons of 
military urgency.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``special operations forces'' means the forces 
        described in section 167(j) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``force structure'', when used with respect to 
        an organization, means--
                    (A) the mission of the organization;
                    (B) the personnel required to operate the 
                organization; and
                    (C) the equipment required to execute the mission of 
                the organization.
SEC. 1076. COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF MARINE CORPS FORCE DESIGN 
                          2030.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Contracts. Review. Analysis.>>  In General.--
Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into an agreement with a 
federally funded research and development center for the conduct of an 
independent review, assessment, and analysis of the modernization 
initiatives of the Marine Corps. The agreement shall provide that not 
later than one year after the date on which the Secretary and the center 
enter into the agreement, the center shall provide to the Secretary a 
report on the findings of the review, assessment, and analysis. Upon 
receipt of the report, the Secretary shall transmit the report to the 
congressional defense committees.

    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An assessment of changes in the National Defense 
        Strategy, Defense Planning Guidance, the Joint Warfighting 
        Concept, and other strategic documents and concepts that 
        informed Force Design modernization requirements.

[[Page 137 STAT. 412]]

            (2) An assessment of how the Marine Corps, consistent with 
        authorized end strength, can be structured, organized, trained, 
        equipped, and postured to meet the challenges of future 
        competition, crisis, and conflict to include discussion of 
        multiple structural options as relevant and the tradeoffs 
        between different options.
            (3) An assessment of the ability of the defense innovation 
        base and defense industrial base to develop and produce the 
        technologies required to implement the Force Design 
        modernization plan published by the Marine Corps on a timeline 
        and at production rates sufficient to sustain military 
        operations.
            (4) An assessment of forward infrastructure and the extent 
        to which installations are operationalized to deter, compete, 
        and prevail during conflict in support of the Marine Corps 
        modernization.
            (5) An assessment of whether the Marine Corps is in 
        compliance with the statutory organization and functions 
        prescribed in section 8063 of title 10, United States Code.
            (6) An assessment of the current retention and recruiting 
        environment and the ability of the Marine Corps to sustain 
        manpower requirements necessary for operational requirements 
        levied by title 10, United States Code, in light of the 
        published Force Design plan.
            (7) The extent to which the modernization initiatives within 
        the Marine Corps are nested within applicable joint warfighting 
        concepts.
            (8) An assessment of whether the modernization of the Marine 
        Corps is consistent with the strategy of integrated deterrence.
            (9) An assessment of the ability of the Marine Corps to 
        generate required force elements for the Immediate Ready Force 
        and the Contingency Ready Force, based on current and planned 
        end strength and structure.
            (10) The extent to which the plan for modernized 
        capabilities published by the Marine Corps can be integrated 
        across the Joint Force, including warfighting concepts at the 
        combatant command level.
            (11) The extent to which the modernization efforts of the 
        Marine Corps currently meet the requirements of the current 
        plans of the combatant commanders and global force management 
        operations, including a description of any mechanisms that exist 
        to ensure geographic combatant requirements inform Marine Corps 
        modernization efforts.
            (12) The extent to which modeling and simulation, 
        experimentation, wargaming, and other analytic methods support 
        the changes incorporated into the modernization initiatives of 
        the Marine Corps, including the underlying assumptions and 
        outcomes of such analyses.
            (13) <<NOTE: Inventory.>>  An inventory of extant or planned 
        investments as part of the modernization efforts of the Marine 
        Corps, disaggregated by the following capability areas and 
        including actual or projected dates of Initial Operational 
        Capability and Full Operational Capability:
                    (A) Command and Control.
                    (B) Information.
                    (C) Intelligence.
                    (D) Fires.

[[Page 137 STAT. 413]]

                    (E) Movement and Maneuver.
                    (F) Protection.
                    (G) Sustainment.
            (14) <<NOTE: Inventory.>>  An inventory of divestments of 
        capability or capacity, whether force structure or equipment, 
        starting in fiscal year 2020, including--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a timeline of the progress 
                of each divestment;
                    (B) the type of force structure or equipment 
                divested or reduced;
                    (C) the percentage of force structure of equipment 
                divested or reduced, including any equipment entered 
                into inventory management or other form of storage;
                    (D) the rationale and context behind such 
                divestment; and
                    (E) an identification of whether such divestment 
                affects the ability of the Marine Corps to meet the 
                requirements of Global Force Management process and the 
                operational plans.
            (15) An assessment of how observations regarding the 
        invasion and defense of Ukraine affect the feasibility, 
        advisability, and suitability of the modernization plans 
        published by the Marine Corps.

    (c) Classification of Report.--The report required under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a 
classified appendix to the extent required to ensure that the report is 
accurate and complete.
SEC. 1077. <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  ASSESSMENT AND RECOMMENDATIONS 
                          RELATING TO INFRASTRUCTURE, CAPACITY, 
                          RESOURCES, AND PERSONNEL ON GUAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Commander of United States Indo-Pacific 
Command, shall assess the infrastructure, capacity, resource, and 
personnel requirements for Guam during fiscal years 2024 through 2029 to 
meet United States strategic objectives.

    (b) Elements.--The assessment under subsection (a) shall include the 
following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Appraisal.>>  An appraisal of the potential role 
        Guam could play as a key logistics and operational hub for the 
        United States military in the Indo-Pacific region.
            (2) An assessment of whether current Department of Defense 
        infrastructure, capacity, resources, and personnel in Guam are 
        sufficient to meet the expected demands during relevant 
        operations and contingency scenarios.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy of civilian infrastructure 
        in Guam for supporting the requirements of United States Indo-
        Pacific Command, including--
                    (A) the resilience of such infrastructure in the 
                event of a natural disaster; and
                    (B) the vulnerability of such infrastructure to 
                cyber threats.
            (4) <<NOTE: Plan. Timeline.>>  A plan, including timelines 
        and associated estimated costs, to improve Department of Defense 
        infrastructure, capacity, resources, and personnel in Guam 
        during fiscal years 2024 through 2029 to meet United States 
        Indo-Pacific Command strategic objectives, including the need 
        for Department of Defense civilian recruiting and retention 
        programs, such

[[Page 137 STAT. 414]]

        as cost-of-living adjustments, initiatives for dealing with any 
        shortages of civilian employees, and programs to improve 
        quality-of-life for personnel assigned to Guam.
            (5) An assessment of the implementation of Joint Task Force 
        Micronesia.
            (6) Any other matters determined relevant by the Secretary.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report including the results of the assessment 
required under subsection (a).
SEC. 1078. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON CONVERSION OF JOINT TASK FORCE 
                          NORTH INTO JOINT INTERAGENCY TASK FORCE 
                          NORTH.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the head of any relevant Federal department or agency 
and acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a feasibility study on 
converting the Joint Task Force North of the United States Northern 
Command into a joint interagency task force to be known as the ``Joint 
Interagency Task Force North''.

    (b) Elements.--The study under (a) shall include the following 
elements:
            (1) A description of the mission of a Joint Interagency Task 
        Force North.
            (2) A detailed description of the resources of the 
        Department of Defense, including personnel, facilities, and 
        operating costs, necessary to convert Joint Task Force North 
        into a joint interagency task force.
            (3) An identification of--
                    (A) each relevant department and agency of the 
                United States Government the participation in a Joint 
                Interagency Task Force North of which is necessary in 
                order to enable a Joint Interagency Task Force North to 
                effectively carry out its mission; and
                    (B) the interagency arrangements necessary to ensure 
                effective participation by each such department and 
                agency.
            (4) An identification of each international liaison 
        necessary for a Joint Interagency Task Force North to 
        effectively carry out its mission.
            (5) A description of the bilateral and multilateral 
        agreements with foreign partners and regional and international 
        organizations that would support the implementation of the 
        mission of the Joint Interagency Task Force North.
            (6) A description of the relationship between a Joint 
        Interagency Task Force North and Joint Interagency Task Force 
        South of the United States Southern Command.
            (7) A description of the likely relationship between a Joint 
        Interagency Task Force North and the relevant security forces of 
        the Government of Mexico and the Government of the Bahamas.
            (8) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  A recommendation on 
        whether a Joint Interagency Task Force North should be an 
        enduring entity and a discussion of the circumstances under 
        which the mission of a Joint Interagency Task Force North would 
        transition to one or more

[[Page 137 STAT. 415]]

        entities within the United States Government other than the 
        United States Northern Command.
            (9) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Any recommendations for 
        additional legal authority needed for the Joint Interagency Task 
        Force North to effectively carry out its mission.
            (10) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
        relevant.

    (c) Form.--The study required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form but may include a classified annex.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

SEC. 1080. MODIFICATION OF DEFINITION OF DOMESTIC SOURCE FOR TITLE 
                          III OF THE DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT OF 
                          1950.

    (a) In General.--Section 702(7) of the Defense Production Act of 
1950 (50 U.S.C. 4552(7)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) and (B) as clauses 
        (i) and (ii), respectively, and by moving such clauses, as so 
        redesignated, two ems to the right;
            (2) by striking ``The term'' and inserting the following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), the term'';
            (3) in clause (ii), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``subparagraph (A)'' and inserting ``clause (i)''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph (B):
                    ``(B) Domestic source for title iii.--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In general.--For 
                      purposes of title III, the term `domestic source' 
                      means a business concern that--
                                    ``(I) performs substantially all of 
                                the research and development, 
                                engineering, manufacturing, and 
                                production activities required of such 
                                business concern under a contract with 
                                the United States relating to a critical 
                                component or a critical technology item 
                                in--
                                            ``(aa) the United States or 
                                        Canada; or
                                            ``(bb) subject to clause 
                                        (ii), Australia or the United 
                                        Kingdom; and
                                    ``(II) procures from business 
                                concerns described in subclause (I) 
                                substantially all of any components or 
                                assemblies required under a contract 
                                with the United States relating to a 
                                critical component or critical 
                                technology item.
                          ``(ii) Limitations on use of business concerns 
                      in australia and united kingdom.--
                                    ``(I) In general.--A business 
                                concern described in clause (i)(I)(bb) 
                                may be treated as a domestic source only 
                                for purposes of the exercise of 
                                authorities under title III relating to 
                                national defense matters that cannot be 
                                fully addressed with business concerns 
                                described in clause (i)(I)(aa).
                                    ``(II) National defense matter 
                                defined.--For purposes of subclause (I), 
                                the term `national defense matter' is a 
                                matter relating to the development or 
                                production of--

[[Page 137 STAT. 416]]

                                            ``(aa) a defense article, as 
                                        defined in section 301 of title 
                                        10, United States Code; or
                                            ``(bb) materials critical to 
                                        national security, as defined in 
                                        section 10(f) of the Strategic 
                                        and Critical Materials Stock 
                                        Piling Act (50 U.S.C. 98h-
                                        1(f)).''.

    (b) Reports on Exercise of Title III Authorities.--Title III of the 
Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. 4531 et seq.) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:
``SEC. 305. <<NOTE: 50 USC 4535.>>  REPORTS ON EXERCISE OF 
                        AUTHORITIES.

    ``(a) In General. <<NOTE: President. Briefing.>> --The President, or 
the head of an agency to which the President has delegated authorities 
under this title, shall submit a report and provide a briefing to the 
appropriate congressional committees with respect to any action taken 
pursuant to such authorities--
            ``(1) except as provided by paragraph (2), not later than 30 
        days after taking the action; and
            ``(2) in the case of an action that involves a business 
        concern in the United Kingdom or Australia, not later than 30 
        days before taking the action.

    ``(b) Elements.--
            ``(1) In general.--Each report and briefing required by 
        subsection (a) with respect to an action described in that 
        subsection shall include--
                    ``(A) a justification of the necessity of the use of 
                authorities under this title; and
                    ``(B) a description of the financial terms of any 
                related financial transaction.
            ``(2) Additional elements relating to business concerns in 
        the united kingdom or australia.--Each report and briefing 
        required by subsection (a) with respect to an action described 
        in paragraph (2) of that subsection shall include, in addition 
        to the elements under paragraph (1)--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification that 
                business concerns in the United States or Canada were 
                not available with respect to the action; and
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of why such 
                business concerns were not available.

    ``(c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term `appropriate congressional committees' means--
            ``(1) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 
        of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the 
        House of Representatives; and
            ``(2) in the case of an action described in subsection (a) 
        involving materials critical to national security (as defined in 
        section 702(7)(B)(ii)(II)(bb)), the Committee on Energy and 
        Natural Resources of the Senate and the Committee on Natural 
        Resources of the House of Representatives.''.
SEC. 1081. INTEGRATED AND AUTHENTICATED ACCESS TO DEPARTMENT OF 
                          DEFENSE SYSTEMS FOR CERTAIN 
                          CONGRESSIONAL STAFF FOR OVERSIGHT 
                          PURPOSES.

    Section 1046(a) of the James M. Inhofe National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 10 U.S.C. 
111 note) is amended--

[[Page 137 STAT. 417]]

            (1) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        a semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) to the extent feasible, be integrated with software 
        used by the Department of Defense Parking Management Office to 
        validate parking requests.''.
SEC. 1082. MODIFICATION OF COMPENSATION FOR MEMBERS OF THE 
                          AFGHANISTAN WAR COMMISSION.

    (a) Compensation.--Section 1094(g)(1) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2022 (Public Law 117-81; 135 Stat. 
1942) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Compensation of members.--
                    ``(A) Non-federal employees.--A member of the 
                Commission who is not an officer or employee of the 
                Federal Government shall be compensated at a rate equal 
                to the daily equivalent of the annual rate of basic pay 
                prescribed for level IV of the Executive Schedule under 
                section 5315 of title 5, United States Code, for each 
                day (including travel time) during which the member is 
                engaged in the performance of the duties of the 
                Commission.
                    ``(B) Federal employees.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A member of the Commission 
                      who is an employee of the Federal Government may 
                      be compensated as provided for under subparagraph 
                      (a) for periods of time during which the member is 
                      engaged in the performance of the duties of the 
                      Commission that fall outside of ordinary agency 
                      working hours, as determined by the employing 
                      agency of such member.
                          ``(ii) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this 
                      paragraph shall be construed to authorize dual pay 
                      for work performed on behalf of the Commission and 
                      for a Federal agency during the same hours of the 
                      same day.''.

    (b) Travel Support.--Section 1050 of the James M. Inhofe National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-263; 136 
Stat. 2775) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2642 note.>>  is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``department of 
        defense support'' and inserting ``executive branch support'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(b) Provision of Travel Support to Certain Commissions.--For the 
purpose of providing support to facilitate overseas travel requests from 
a legislative branch commission, or any commission so designated for 
support under this subsection jointly by the Majority Leader of the 
Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Minority Leader 
of the Senate, and the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives, 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State shall consider such 
requests as equivalent to a request from Congress, and apply the same 
standards in determining the extent to which such support may be 
provided under law and regulation. Any support so provided

[[Page 137 STAT. 418]]

shall be funded out of amounts appropriated for the operation of such 
commission.''.
SEC. 1083. SENATE NATIONAL SECURITY WORKING GROUP.

    (a) In General.--Section 21 of Senate Resolution 64 (113th 
Congress), agreed to March 5, 2013, is amended by striking subsection 
(d).
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take 
effect as though enacted on December 31, 2022.
SEC. 1084. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note.>>  TRIBAL LIAISONS AT 
                          MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Tribal Liaisons at Military Installations.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall ensure that each military installation under the 
jurisdiction of a military department that has an Indian Tribe, Native 
Hawaiian organization, or Tribal interest in the area surrounding the 
installation has a Tribal liaison located at the installation.
    (b) Tribal Interest.--For purposes of subsection (a), an area 
surrounding a military installation shall be considered to be an area in 
which there is a Tribal interest if an Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian 
organization is historically or culturally affiliated with the land or 
water managed or directly affected by the military installation.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Indian Tribe'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-Determination and 
        Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304(e)).
            (2) The term ``Native Hawaiian organization'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 6207 of the Elementary and 
        Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7517).
SEC. 1085. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  COMMERCIAL INTEGRATION CELL PLAN 
                          WITHIN CERTAIN COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Commander of the United States Africa 
Command, the Commander of the United States European Command, the 
Commander of the United States Indo-Pacific Command, the Commander of 
the United States Northern Command, and the Commander of the United 
States Southern Command shall each develop a plan that includes--
            (1) the potential establishment of a commercial integration 
        cell within the respective combatant command of each commander 
        for the purpose of closely integrating public and private 
        entities with capabilities relevant to the area of operation of 
        such combatant command; and
            (2) the potential establishment of a chief technology 
        officer position within the respective combatant command of each 
        commander, the duties of which would include--
                    (A) overseeing such commercial integration cell; and
                    (B) reporting directly to the commander of the 
                applicable combatant command on the activities of the 
                relevant commercial integration cell.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each commander of a combatant command referred to 
in subsection (a) shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing on the 
feasibility, costs, and benefits of establishing a commercial 
integration cell.

[[Page 137 STAT. 419]]

SEC. 1086. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 32 USC 901 note.>>  GUIDANCE FOR USE 
                          OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY NATIONAL 
                          GUARD.

    (a) Updated Guidance Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
updated guidance on the use of unmanned aircraft systems by the National 
Guard for covered activities.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 60 days after the date on which the 
Secretary issues the updated guidance under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives. Such briefing shall include--
            (1) an explanation of whether the updated guidance is more 
        restrictive than guidance on the use of other types of aircraft 
        for covered activities; and
            (2) if the updated guidance is more restrictive, an 
        explanation for the reasons why such guidance is more 
        restrictive.

    (c) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
activities'' means any of the following:
            (1) Emergency operations.
            (2) Search and rescue operations.
            (3) Defense support to civil authorities.
            (4) Support provided under section 502(f) of title 32, 
        United States Code.
SEC. 1087. <<NOTE: 10 USC 113 note.>>  PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF 
                          AFGHANISTAN WAR RECORDS.

    The Secretary of Defense, in a manner consistent with the protection 
of intelligence sources and methods, shall expeditiously disclose to the 
public all relevant unclassified records of the Department of Defense 
relating to the war in Afghanistan.
SEC. 1088. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 113 note.>>  IMPLEMENTATION 
                          PLAN FOR JOINT CONCEPT FOR COMPETING.

    (a) Implementation Plan Required.--Not later than March 1, 2024, the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees an implementation plan for of the Joint Concept for 
Competing, released on February 10, 2023.
    (b) Elements.--The implementation plan required by subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Timelines.>>  timelines for the development of 
        integrated competitive strategies for engaging in strategic 
        competition, as described in the Joint Concept for Competing, to 
        address the challenges posed by specific competitors, including 
        such strategies designed to--
                    (A) deter adversarial military action;
                    (B) counter the efforts of specific competitors, as 
                necessary; and
                    (C) support the efforts of the United States 
                interagency and foreign allies, partners, and 
                multilateral organizations;
            (2) an identification of any relevant updates to joint 
        doctrine or professional military education;
            (3) a description of the integration of the Joint Concept 
        for Competing with other joint force development and design 
        efforts;
            (4) a description of concept-required capabilities that are 
        necessary for joint force development and design in support of 
        the Joint Concept for Competing, including the assignment

[[Page 137 STAT. 420]]

        of roles and responsibilities and the timelines for attaining 
        such capabilities;
            (5) a description of efforts to coordinate and synchronize 
        Department of Defense activities with the activities of 
        interagency and foreign partners for the purpose of integrated 
        campaigning;
            (6) an identification of any recommendations to better 
        integrate the role of the Joint Force, as identified by the 
        Joint Concept for Competing, with national security efforts of 
        interagency and foreign partners;
            (7) an identification of any changes to authorities or 
        resources necessary to implement the Joint Concept for 
        Competing; and
            (8) a description of any other matters the Chairman 
        determines appropriate.

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period. Update.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 180 
days after the delivery of the implementation plan required under 
subsection (a), and every 180 days thereafter through March 1, 2026, the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall provide to the congressional 
defense committees a briefing that includes an update on the status of 
the implementation plan required under subsection (a).
SEC. 1089. <<NOTE: 50 USC 1527 note.>>  NOTIFICATION OF SAFETY AND 
                          SECURITY CONCERNS AT CERTAIN DEPARTMENT 
                          OF DEFENSE LABORATORIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
notify the congressional defense committees within 7 days after ceasing 
operations at any Department of Defense laboratory or facility rated at 
biosafety level-3 or higher for safety or security reasons.

    (b) Content.--The notification required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) the reason why operations have ceased at the laboratory 
        or facility;
            (2) whether appropriate notification to other Federal 
        agencies has occurred;
            (3) a description of the actions taken to determine the root 
        cause of the cessation; and
            (4) a description of the actions taken to restore operations 
        at the laboratory or facility.
SEC. 1090. <<NOTE: 15 USC 313 note.>>  CONDUCT OF WEATHER 
                          RECONNAISSANCE IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Conduct of Reconnaissance.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to the availability of 
        appropriations, the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron of the 
        Air Force Reserve Command and the Administrator of the National 
        Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration may use aircraft, 
        personnel, and equipment necessary to meet the mission 
        requirements of--
                    (A) the National Hurricane Operations Plan; and
                    (B) the National Winter Seasons Operation plan, as 
                long as aircraft are able to fully meet needs for 
                hurricane monitoring response.
            (2) Activities.--If the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron 
        of the Air Force Reserve Command exercises the authority under 
        paragraph (1), such Squadron, in consultation with the 
        Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration and appropriate line offices of the

[[Page 137 STAT. 421]]

        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, shall use such 
        authority to--
                    (A) improve the accuracy and timeliness of 
                observations of storms that result in large amounts of 
                precipitation, such as tropical cyclones and atmospheric 
                rivers, to support the forecast and warning services of 
                the National Weather Service of the United States;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Data.>>  collect data in data-sparse 
                regions where conventional observations are lacking;
                    (C) support water management decision-making and 
                flood forecasting through the execution of targeted in-
                situ measurements, airborne dropsondes, buoys, 
                autonomous platform observations, satellite 
                observations, remote sensing observations, and other 
                observation platforms as appropriate, including enhanced 
                assimilation of the data from those observations over 
                the eastern, central, and western north Pacific Ocean, 
                the Gulf of Mexico, and the western Atlantic Ocean to 
                improve forecasts of large storms for civil authorities 
                and military decision makers;
                    (D) participate in the research and operations 
                partnership that guides flight planning and uses 
                research methods to improve and expand the capabilities 
                and effectiveness of weather reconnaissance over time; 
                and
                    (E) undertake such other additional activities as 
                the Administrator of the National Oceanic and 
                Atmospheric Administration, in collaboration with the 
                53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron, considers 
                appropriate to further prediction of dangerous weather 
                events.

    (b) <<NOTE: Reviews. Time period.>>  Reports.--
            (1) Air force.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the 
                Air Force, in consultation with the Administrator of the 
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, shall 
                perform a resources review of mission capabilities 
                needed for observation to carry out the activities 
                described in subsection (a)(2) and submit to the 
                appropriate committees of Congress a comprehensive 
                report, for the period beginning on the date of the 
                enactment of this Act and ending on December 31, 2035, 
                on--
                          (i) the resources necessary for the 53rd 
                      Weather Reconnaissance Squadron of the Air Force 
                      Reserve Command to continue to support--
                                    (I) the National Hurricane 
                                Operations Plan;
                                    (II) the National Winter Season 
                                Operations Plan;
                                    (III) emerging technologies that 
                                offer new, improved, or innovative ways 
                                to collect data for improved forecasts 
                                of strength and landfall for hurricanes, 
                                atmospheric rivers, and winter storms; 
                                and
                                    (IV) any other operational 
                                requirements relating to weather 
                                reconnaissance;
                          (ii) the resources expended by the National 
                      Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to cover 
                      taskings that the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance 
                      Squadron of the Air Force Reserve Command is 
                      unable to accomplish; and

[[Page 137 STAT. 422]]

                          (iii) the resources expended by the 53rd 
                      Weather Reconnaissance Squadron of the Air Force 
                      Reserve Command to cover taskings that the 
                      National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is 
                      unable to accomplish.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Appropriate committees of 
                congress.--In this paragraph, the term ``appropriate 
                committees of Congress'' means--
                          (i) the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                      Senate;
                          (ii) the Subcommittee on Defense of the 
                      Committee on Appropriations of the Senate;
                          (iii) the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                      Transportation of the Senate;
                          (iv) the Committee on Science, Space, and 
                      Technology of the House of Representatives;
                          (v) the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                      House of Representatives; and
                          (vi) the Subcommittee on Defense of the 
                      Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                      Representatives.
            (2) Commerce.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Commerce shall submit to 
        the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the 
        Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of 
        the House of Representatives a comprehensive report, for the 
        period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
        ending on December 31, 2035, on--
                    (A) the resources necessary for the National Oceanic 
                and Atmospheric Administration to continue to support--
                          (i) the National Hurricane Operations Plan;
                          (ii) the National Winter Season Operations 
                      Plan;
                          (iii) emerging technologies that offer new, 
                      improved, and innovative ways to collect data for 
                      improved forecasts of strength and landfall for 
                      hurricanes, atmospheric rivers, and winter storms; 
                      and
                          (iv) any other operational requirements 
                      relating to weather reconnaissance;
                    (B) how taskings that the 53rd Weather 
                Reconnaissance Squadron of the Air Force Reserve Command 
                is unable to accomplish could affect the ability of the 
                National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to 
                fulfill its mission; and
                    (C) how taskings that the National Oceanic and 
                Atmospheric Administration is unable to accomplish could 
                affect the ability of the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance 
                Squadron of the Air Force Reserve Command to fulfill its 
                mission.

    (c) Transfer of Funds.--The Secretary of the Air Force may transfer 
funds to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration for 
additional hurricane monitoring and response activities that fulfill the 
mission of the Air Force, including transfers of funds for the 
compensation of personnel and for the provision of other such services, 
funds, facilities, and other support services as necessary.

[[Page 137 STAT. 423]]

SEC. 1091. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF 
                          DEFENSE WITH RESPECT TO IRREGULAR 
                          WARFARE.

    (a) In General.--It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of 
Defense has the authority to conduct irregular warfare operations, 
including clandestine irregular warfare operations, to defend the United 
States, allies of the United States, and interests of the United States, 
when such operations have been appropriately authorized.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to constitute a specific statutory authorization for any of 
the following:
            (1) The conduct of a covert action, as such term is defined 
        in section 503(e) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
        U.S.C. 3093(e)).
            (2) The introduction of United States Armed Forces, within 
        the meaning of the War Powers Resolution (Public Law 93-148; 50 
        U.S.C. 1541 et seq.), into hostilities or into situations 
        wherein hostilities are clearly indicated by the circumstances.
SEC. 1092. RED HILL HEALTH IMPACTS.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Review.--The Secretary of Defense (referred to in this 
        section as the ``Secretary''), in coordination with the Director 
        of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Secretary 
        of Veterans Affairs, and such State and local authorities or 
        other partners as the Secretary considers appropriate, shall--
                    (A) review the Federal programs and services 
                available to individuals exposed to petroleum;
                    (B) review current research on petroleum exposure in 
                order to identify additional research needs; and
                    (C) undertake any other review or activities that 
                the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Report.--Not later than one year 
        after the date of enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter 
        for six subsequent years, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        appropriate congressional committees a report on the review and 
        activities undertaken under paragraph (1) that includes--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Strategies.>>  strategies for 
                communicating and engaging with stakeholders on the Red 
                Hill Incident;
                    (B) the number of impacted and potentially impacted 
                individuals;
                    (C) <<NOTE: Data.>>  measures and frequency of 
                follow-up to collect data and specimens related to 
                exposure, health, and developmental milestones as 
                appropriate; and
                    (D) <<NOTE: Summary. Analyses.>>  a summary of data 
                and analyses on exposure, health, and developmental 
                milestones for impacted individuals.
            (3) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        the Secretary shall consult with non-Federal experts, including 
        individuals with certification in epidemiology, toxicology, 
        mental health, pediatrics, and environmental health, and members 
        of the impacted community.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Red Hill Epidemiological Health Outcomes 
Study.--
            (1) Contracts.--The Secretary may contract with independent 
        research institutes or consultants, nonprofit or public

[[Page 137 STAT. 424]]

        entities, laboratories, or medical schools, as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, that are not part of the Federal 
        Government to assist with the feasibility assessment required by 
        paragraph (2).
            (2) Feasibility assessment. <<NOTE: Determination.>> --Not 
        later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate congressional 
        committees the results of a feasibility assessment to determine 
        the necessity of an epidemiological health outcomes study and to 
        inform the design of the potential epidemiological study or 
        studies to assess health outcomes for impacted individuals, 
        which may include--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Strategy.>>  a strategy to recruit 
                impacted individuals to participate in the study or 
                studies, including incentives for participation;
                    (B) a description of protocols and methodologies to 
                assess health outcomes from the Red Hill Incident, 
                including data management protocols to secure the 
                privacy and security of the personal information of 
                impacted individuals;
                    (C) <<NOTE: Data.>>  the periodicity for data 
                collection that takes into account the differences 
                between health care practices among impacted individuals 
                who are--
                          (i) members of the Armed Forces on active duty 
                      or spouses or dependents of such members;
                          (ii) members of the Armed Forces separating 
                      from active duty or spouses or dependents of such 
                      members;
                          (iii) veterans and other individuals with 
                      access to health care from the Department of 
                      Veterans Affairs; and
                          (iv) individuals without access to health care 
                      from the Department of Defense or the Department 
                      of Veterans Affairs;
                    (D) a description of methodologies to analyze data 
                received from the study or studies to determine possible 
                connections between exposure to water contaminated 
                during the Red Hill Incident and adverse impacts to the 
                health of impacted individuals;
                    (E) an identification of exposures resulting from 
                the Red Hill Incident that may qualify individuals to be 
                eligible for participation in the study or studies as a 
                result of those exposures;
                    (F) steps that will be taken to provide individuals 
                impacted by the Red Hill Incident with information on 
                available resources and services; and
                    (G) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  a final determination 
                on whether it is feasible to conduct an epidemiological 
                health outcomes study.
            (3) Notifications; briefings.--If the Secretary determines, 
        upon completion of the feasibility assessment under paragraph 
        (2), that an epidemiological health outcomes study is feasible 
        and necessary, not later than one year after the completion of 
        the feasibility assessment under paragraph (2), the Secretary 
        shall--
                    (A) notify impacted individuals on the interim 
                findings of the study or studies; and
                    (B) brief the appropriate congressional committees 
                on the interim findings of the study or studies.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 137 STAT. 425]]

            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the Senate;
                    (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the 
                Senate;
                    (C) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
                Pensions of the Senate;
                    (D) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Subcommittee on Defense of the Committee on 
                Appropriations of the House of Representatives;
                    (E) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                    (F) the Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) Impacted individual.--The term ``impacted individual'' 
        means an individual who, at the time of the Red Hill Incident, 
        lived or worked in a building or residence served by the 
        community water system at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam, Oahu, 
        Hawaii.
            (3) Red hill incident.--The term ``Red Hill Incident'' means 
        the release of fuel from the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility, Oahu, Hawaii, into the sole-source basal aquifer 
        located 100 feet below the facility, contaminating the community 
        water system at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam on November 20, 
        2021.

                      TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL

Sec. 1101. Diversity, equity, and inclusion personnel grade cap.
Sec. 1102. Authorization to pay a living quarters allowance for 
           Department of the Navy civilian employees assigned to 
           permanent duty in Guam for performing work, or supporting 
           work being performed, aboard or dockside, of U.S. naval 
           vessels.
Sec. 1103. Consolidation of direct hire authorities for candidates with 
           specified degrees at science and technology reinvention 
           laboratories.
Sec. 1104. Direct hire authority for certain personnel of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
           premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
           civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Extension of authority to grant competitive status to 
           employees of inspectors general for overseas contingency 
           operations.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
           base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Exclusion of nonappropriated fund employees from limitations 
           on dual pay.
Sec. 1109. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
           allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
           official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1110. Modification to shore leave accrual for crews of vessels to 
           support crew rotations and improve retention of civilian 
           mariners.
Sec. 1111. Assessments of staffing in Office of the Under Secretary of 
           Defense for Personnel and Readiness.
Sec. 1112. Military Spouse Employment Act.
Sec. 1113. Amendments to the John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows 
           Program.
Sec. 1114. Including military service in determining family and medical 
           leave eligibility for Federal employees.
Sec. 1115. Exception to limitation on number of Senior Executive Service 
           positions for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1116. Extension of direct hire authority for the Department of 
           Defense for post-secondary students and recent graduates.
Sec. 1117. Authority to employ civilian faculty members at Space Force 
           schools.
Sec. 1118. Report and sunset relating to inapplicability of 
           certification of executive qualifications by qualification 
           review boards of Office of Personnel Management.

[[Page 137 STAT. 426]]

Sec. 1119. Expansion of noncompetitive appointment eligibility to 
           spouses of Department of Defense civilians.
Sec. 1120. Elimination of Government Accountability Office review 
           requirement relating to Department of Defense personnel 
           authorities.

SEC. 1101. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 1580.>>  DIVERSITY, EQUITY, 
                          AND INCLUSION PERSONNEL GRADE CAP.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary concerned may not appoint to, or 
otherwise employ in, any position with primary duties as described in 
subsection (b) a civilian employee paid annual pay at a rate that 
exceeds the equivalent of the rate payable for GS-10, not adjusted for 
locality.
    (b) Covered Duties.--The duties referred to in subsection (a) are as 
follows:
            (1) Developing, refining, and implementing diversity, 
        equity, and inclusion policy.
            (2) Leading working groups and councils to developing 
        diversity, equity, and inclusion goals and objectives to measure 
        performance and outcomes.
            (3) Creating and implementing diversity, equity, and 
        inclusion education, training courses, and workshops for 
        military and civilian personnel.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Applicability to Current Employees.--Any 
civilian employee appointed to a position with duties described in 
subsection (b) who is paid annual pay at a rate that exceeds the amount 
allowed under subsection (a) shall be reassigned to another position not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 1102. <<NOTE: 10 USC note prec. 8101.>>  AUTHORIZATION TO PAY 
                          A LIVING QUARTERS ALLOWANCE FOR 
                          DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CIVILIAN 
                          EMPLOYEES ASSIGNED TO PERMANENT DUTY IN 
                          GUAM FOR PERFORMING WORK, OR SUPPORTING 
                          WORK BEING PERFORMED, ABOARD OR 
                          DOCKSIDE, OF U.S. NAVAL VESSELS.

    (a) Allowance.--When Government owned or rented quarters are not 
otherwise provided without charge to a covered employee, the Secretary 
of the Navy may grant to a covered employee one or more of the following 
allowances:
            (1) A living quarters allowance for rent, heat, light, fuel, 
        gas, electricity, and water. The Secretary is authorized to pay 
        such allowance by reimbursement or by advance payments.
            (2) Under unusual circumstances, as determined by the 
        Secretary, payment or reimbursement for extraordinary, 
        necessary, and reasonable expenses, not otherwise compensated 
        for, incurred in initial repairs, alterations, and improvements 
        to the privately leased residence in Guam of a covered 
        employee--
                    (A) the expenses are administratively approved in 
                advance; and
                    (B) the duration and terms of the lease justify 
                payment of the expenses by the Government.

    (b) Covered Employee Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
employee'' means any civilian employee of the Department of the Navy who 
is assigned to permanent duty in Guam for performing work or supporting 
work being performed, aboard or dockside, of U.S. naval vessels.

[[Page 137 STAT. 427]]

SEC. 1103. CONSOLIDATION OF DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITIES FOR CANDIDATES 
                          WITH SPECIFIED DEGREES AT SCIENCE AND 
                          TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION LABORATORIES.

    Section 4091 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1), by striking ``bachelor's degree'' 
        and inserting ``bachelor's or advanced degree'';
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Calendar Year'' and inserting ``Fiscal Year'';
                    (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``calendar year'' and inserting ``fiscal 
                year'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1), by striking ``6 percent'' and 
                inserting ``11 percent''; and
                    (D) in paragraphs (1), (2), and (3), by striking 
                ``the fiscal year last ending before the start of such 
                calendar year'' and inserting ``the preceding fiscal 
                year'';
            (3) by striking subsection (f); and
            (4) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
SEC. 1104. DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR CERTAIN PERSONNEL OF THE 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 9905(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``, 
        3307,'' after ``3303''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(12) Any position in support of aircraft operations for 
        which the Secretary determines there is a critical hiring need 
        or shortage of candidates.
            ``(13) Any position in support of the safety of the public, 
        law enforcement, or first response for which the Secretary 
        determines there is a critical hiring need or shortage of 
        candidates.''.
SEC. 1105. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ANNUAL 
                          LIMITATION ON PREMIUM PAY AND AGGREGATE 
                          LIMITATION ON PAY FOR FEDERAL CIVILIAN 
                          EMPLOYEES WORKING OVERSEAS.

    Subsection (a) of section 1101 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 
4615), as most recently amended by section 1102 of the James M. Inhofe 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2023 (Public Law 117-
263), <<NOTE: 136 Stat. 2816.>>  is further amended by striking 
``through 2023'' and inserting ``through 2024''.
SEC. 1106. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO GRANT COMPETITIVE STATUS TO 
                          EMPLOYEES OF INSPECTORS GENERAL FOR 
                          OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.

     Section 419(d)(5)(B) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2 years'' and inserting ``5 years''.
SEC. 1107. EXTENSION OF DIRECT HIRE AUTHORITY FOR DOMESTIC 
                          INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES AND MAJOR 
                          RANGE AND TEST FACILITIES BASE.

    Section 1125(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.; Public Law 114-328) is amended by 
striking ``through 2025,'' and inserting ``through 2028,''.

[[Page 137 STAT. 428]]

SEC. 1108. EXCLUSION OF NONAPPROPRIATED FUND EMPLOYEES FROM 
                          LIMITATIONS ON DUAL PAY.

    Section 5531(2) of title 5, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Government corporation and'' and inserting ``Government 
corporation, but excluding''.
SEC. 1109. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO GRANT 
                          ALLOWANCES, BENEFITS, AND GRATUITIES TO 
                          CIVILIAN PERSONNEL ON OFFICIAL DUTY IN A 
                          COMBAT ZONE.

    Paragraph (2) of section 1603(a) of the Emergency Supplemental 
Appropriations Act for Defense, the Global War on Terror, and Hurricane 
Recovery, 2006 (Public Law 109-234; 120 Stat. 443), as added by section 
1102 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 122 Stat. 4616) and a