[116th Congress Public Law 92]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 1197]]

                     NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION 
                        ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2020

[[Page 133 STAT. 1198]]

Public Law 116-92
116th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2020 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Dec. 20, 
                          2019 -  [S. 1790]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 
        2018, 2019, and 2020.
            (6) Division F--Other Matters.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
           limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-
           Army Increment 1.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
           aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
           and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
           force structure.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1199]]

Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
           waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
           designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
           Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
           combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
           on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
           composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
           National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
           primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
           aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of 
           JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
           the Air Force.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
           acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue 
           spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
           Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
           development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
           Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
           program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems 
           lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
           requirement.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
           of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, 
           engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
           authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
           Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
           Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-
           Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
           achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.
Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for 
           expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
           innovation and entrepreneurial education.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1200]]

Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
           technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
           development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
           trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
           probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
           infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and 
           base infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
           by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
           software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
           evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
           development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
           System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
           Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and 
           Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
           Increment 2 capability.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
           science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
           evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
           information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
           Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
           program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
           Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
           Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
           programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
           projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
           operations and readiness.
Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for 
           energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
           operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1201]]

Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
           utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
           restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
           facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
           production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
           provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
           health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
           contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
           Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
           fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
           film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
           for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
           tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
           assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
           military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
           weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
           Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
           substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl 
           and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of 
           concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by 
           perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
           locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
           costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
           Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
           increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
           installations.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
           (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural 
           purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
           funds for unspecified minor military construction projects 
           related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense 
           industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
           deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
           for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
           equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
           shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
           maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
           Department of Defense.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.
Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
           Readiness Reporting System Strategic.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1202]]

Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
           ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
           readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
           military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
           adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
           Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation 
           services provided to certain non-Department of Defense 
           entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
           non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
           program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
           reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
           serving on full-time reserve component duty for 
           administration of the reserves or the National Guard.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
           component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
           original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
           selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
           by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
           officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
           members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and 
           personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
           Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability 
           of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
           chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of 
           determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
           particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
           officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1203]]

Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
           Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' 
           Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
           Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
           resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
           in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
           National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
           appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
           fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
           officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated 
           active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
           scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.
Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
           Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps units.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
           correction of military records and discharge review boards of 
           certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
           boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
           discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
           to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
           records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, 
           intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related 
           matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
           information to determine eligibility of members and former 
           members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service 
           records are incomplete because of damage to the official 
           record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
           Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
           judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency 
           in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
           courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
           justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
           Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual 
           assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of 
           related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
           Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
           preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual 
           assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
           military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
           Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
           on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and 
           collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
           all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
           assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
           specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
           sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1204]]

Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
           Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
           authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes 
           for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
           Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
           collection and presentation of information on matters within 
           the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
           military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
           justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
           sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following 
           certain victim or third-party communications.
Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
           certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an 
           offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
           abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
           implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
           requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the 
           military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
           installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
           civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
           accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
           servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or 
           die while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to 
           the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
           Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
           offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
           further administrative action following a determination not 
           to refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
           for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
           installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
           members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations 
           and certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
           Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
           justice matters in the States of the military installations 
           to which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
           organizations to prevent and combat child sexual 
           exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
           protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
           Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
           Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
           Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
           educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
           completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman 
           at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
           assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force 
           Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of 
           such Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
           degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
           members of the Armed Forces.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1205]]

Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
           in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
           financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
           certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
           to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
           apprenticeship and internship program for members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
           Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
           Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
           Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the 
           Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
           disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
           programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
           Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
           214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
           for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health 
           conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner 
           violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
           the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in 
           removal determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
           preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
           citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United 
           States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
           Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of 
           the Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of 
           military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
           Forces with community-based organizations and related 
           entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition 
           Assistance Program.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
           more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a 
           covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the 
           person designated to direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
           spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities 
           for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and 
           certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising 
           from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
           under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
           next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
           representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and 
           absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces 
           undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
           for military spouses.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1206]]

Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
           for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
           Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement 
           of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
           military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy 
           for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
           Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
           permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
           sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
           workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
           education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
           of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
           Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the 
           Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of 
           services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
           sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
           E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
           brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
           Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
           (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
           of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to 
           the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
           and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or illness 
           incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or exposed to 
           an event of hostile fire or other hostile action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
           participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
           eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
           following determination that local civilian housing costs 
           significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
           and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
           entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
           compensation for dependents to dependents of current members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
           annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
           civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
           services who provide such services to survivors of members of 
           the Armed Forces who die in combat in the line of duty.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1207]]

Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
           products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
           privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
           leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
           retired general or flag officers by foreign governments for 
           emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance to 
           basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
           territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
           the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for members of 
           the Armed Forces not currently payable to members of the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
           separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
           payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
           receive disability compensation under laws administered by 
           the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department of 
           Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs per Armed 
           Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
           and their dependents.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
           certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
           other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
           assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
           members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
           environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments for 
           members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
           contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
           Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
           polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
           combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
           of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
           support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical 
           manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
           for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1208]]

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
           against the United States for personal injury or death caused 
           by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
           of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
           Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
           Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
           Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
           of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
           Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
           Materiel Command and continuation as Center of Excellence.
Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
           Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance 
           interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of 
           National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
           suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study on 
           blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces and 
           collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
           health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
           Biodefense Security.
Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
           and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
           of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
           of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software 
           applications and upgrades to embedded systems.
Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
           acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
           requirements.
Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data 
           upon request.
Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and 
           cost underruns.
Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
           selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire vital 
           national security capabilities.
Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
           report.
Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
           delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
           for services contracts.
Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
           determinations.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1209]]

Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction authority 
           and report on the use of authority to carry out prototype 
           projects.
Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
           United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.
Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
           certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
           Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
           certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
           commerce portal program.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
           certain acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
           weapon systems.
Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
           decisions.
Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
           approval.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.
Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to 
           implement acquisition reforms.
Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
           the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs.
Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
           intellectual property experts.
Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
           systems.
Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
           approach.
Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
           Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
           industrial base.
Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and industrial 
           base.
Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
           influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
           subcontractors.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
           unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
           materials from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
           capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
           assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
           the national technology and industrial base.
Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware and 
           dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
           programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
           United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
           procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.
Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and 
           career fields.
Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and 
           management programs.
Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of Defense 
           employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1210]]

Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
           contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business 
           concern subcontractors.
Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
           small business goals.
Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
           Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
           small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.
Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
           contracts.
Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
           Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.
Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving 
           spouses under the definition of small business concern owned 
           and controlled by service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
           reservists and members of the National Guard beyond periods 
           of military conflict.
Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
           Innovation Program.
Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
           Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology 
           Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and 
           Technology Strategy.
Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
           SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business 
           concerns.
Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
           Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research 
           Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the 
           basis of sex.
Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of certain 
           labor laws.
Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.
Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
           violations of internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
           providing private security functions.
Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
           operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.
Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
           investments.
Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
           leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Headquarters activities of the Department of Defense matters.
Sec. 902. Clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the Under 
           Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
           Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
Sec. 903. Return to Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
           Defense of responsibility for business systems and related 
           matters.
Sec. 904. Assessments of responsibilities and authorities of the Chief 
           Management Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 905. Senior Military Advisor for Cyber Policy and Deputy Principal 
           Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 906. Exclusion from limitations on personnel in the Office of the 
           Secretary of Defense and Department of Defense headquarters 
           of fellows appointed under the John S. McCain Defense Fellows 
           Program.

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Codification of Assistant Secretaries for Energy, 
           Installations, and Environment of the Army, Navy, and Air 
           Force.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1211]]

  Subtitle C--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 921. Prohibition on ownership or trading of stocks in certain 
           companies by certain officials of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Limitation on consolidation of Defense Media Activity.
Sec. 923. Report on resources to implement the civilian casualty policy 
           of the Department of Defense.

                  Subtitle D--United States Space Force

Sec. 951. Short title.
Sec. 952. The Space Force.
Sec. 953. Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 954. Space Force Acquisition Council.
Sec. 955. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space Policy.
Sec. 956. Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Space Acquisition and 
           Integration.
Sec. 957. Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air 
           Force for Space Systems and Programs.
Sec. 958. Conforming amendments and clarification of authorities.
Sec. 959. Effects on military installations.
Sec. 960. Availability of funds.
Sec. 961. Implementation.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Defense Business Audit Remediation Plan.
Sec. 1003. Financial improvement and audit remediation plan.
Sec. 1004. Reporting requirements relating to Department of Defense 
           audits.
Sec. 1005. Inclusion of certain military construction projects in annual 
           reports on unfunded priorities of the Armed Forces and the 
           combatant commands.
Sec. 1006. Prohibition on delegation of responsibility for submittal to 
           Congress of Out-Year Unconstrained Total Munitions 
           Requirements and Out-Year Inventory numbers.
Sec. 1007. Annual budget justification display for service-common and 
           other support and enabling capabilities for special 
           operations forces.
Sec. 1008. Element in annual reports on the Financial Improvement and 
           Audit Remediation Plan on activities with respect to 
           classified programs.
Sec. 1009. Plan of the Department of Defense for financial management 
           information.
Sec. 1010. Update of authorities and renaming of Department of Defense 
           Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
Sec. 1011. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
           of Defense audit.
Sec. 1012. Modification of required elements of annual reports on 
           emergency and extraordinary expenses of the Department of 
           Defense.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1021. Modification of authority to support a unified counterdrug 
           and counterterrorism campaign in Colombia.
Sec. 1022. Extension of authority for joint task forces to provide 
           support to law enforcement agencies conducting counter-
           terrorism activities.
Sec. 1023. Sense of Congress regarding Department of Defense counterdrug 
           activities in the transit zone and Caribbean basin.
Sec. 1024. Assessment of impact of any planned or proposed border wall 
           on volume of illegal narcotics.

                        Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1031. Modification of authority to purchase vessels using funds in 
           National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1032. Use of National Defense Sealift Fund for procurement of two 
           used vessels.
Sec. 1033. Transportation by sea of supplies for the Armed Forces and 
           Defense Agencies.
Sec. 1034. Senior Technical Authority for each naval vessel class.
Sec. 1035. Permanent authority for sustaining operational readiness of 
           littoral combat ships on extended deployment.
Sec. 1036. Formal training for shipboard system programs of record.
Sec. 1037. Report on shipbuilder training and the defense industrial 
           base.
Sec. 1038. Use of competitive procedures for CVN-80 and CVN-81 dual 
           aircraft carrier contract.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1212]]

Sec. 1039. Report on expanding naval vessel maintenance.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Modification of support of special operations to combat 
           terrorism.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
           modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
           transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
           Cuba.
Sec. 1045. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
           relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
           Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1046. Chief Medical Officer at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1047. Independent assessment on gender and countering violent 
           extremism.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Scheduling of Department of Defense executive aircraft 
           controlled by Secretaries of military departments.
Sec. 1052. Explosive ordnance defense disposal program.
Sec. 1053. Technical correction and extension of reporting requirement 
           regarding enhancement of information sharing and coordination 
           of military training between Department of Homeland Security 
           and Department of Defense.
Sec. 1054. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1055. Revision to authorities relating to mail service for members 
           of the Armed Forces and Department of Defense civilians 
           overseas.
Sec. 1056. Access to and use of military post offices by United States 
           citizens employed overseas by the North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization who perform functions in support of military 
           operations of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 1057. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense intelligence 
           and counterintelligence activities.
Sec. 1058. Limitation on use of funds for the inactivation of Army 
           watercraft units.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency personnel 
           management authority.
Sec. 1102. Report on the probationary period for Department of Defense 
           employees.
Sec. 1103. Civilian personnel management.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
           allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
           official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
           premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
           civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 1107. Extension of direct hire authority for domestic industrial 
           base facilities and Major Range and Test Facilities Base.
Sec. 1108. Authority to provide additional allowances and benefits for 
           certain Defense Clandestine Service employees.
Sec. 1109. Modification of direct hire authorities for the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 1110. Designating certain FEHBP and FEGLI services provided by 
           Federal employees as excepted services under the Anti-
           Deficiency Act.
Sec. 1111. Continuing supplemental dental and vision benefits and long-
           term care insurance coverage during a Government shutdown.
Sec. 1112. Limitation on transfer of Office of Personnel Management.
Sec. 1113. Assessment of Accelerated Promotion Program suspension.
Sec. 1114. Reimbursement for Federal, State, and local income taxes 
           incurred during travel, transportation, and relocation.
Sec. 1115. Clarification of limitation on expedited hiring authority for 
           post-secondary students.
Sec. 1116. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of 
           Defense employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 1117. Extension of authority for part-time reemployment.

                       Subtitle B--Fair Chance Act

Sec. 1121. Short title.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1213]]

Sec. 1122. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries prior to 
           conditional offer for Federal employment.
Sec. 1123. Prohibition on criminal history inquiries by contractors 
           prior to conditional offer.
Sec. 1124. Report on employment of individuals formerly incarcerated in 
           Federal prisons.

                      Subtitle C--ATC Hiring Reform

Sec. 1131. Short title; definition.
Sec. 1132. Hiring of air traffic control specialists.
Sec. 1133. Ensuring hiring preference for applicants with experience at 
           an air traffic control facility of the National Guard.
Sec. 1134. FAA reports on air traffic controller hiring and training.
Sec. 1135. DOT Inspector General review and report.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build capacity of foreign 
           security forces.
Sec. 1202. Modification and extension of cross servicing agreements for 
           loan of personnel protection and personnel survivability 
           equipment in coalition operations.
Sec. 1203. Modifications of authorities relating to acquisition and 
           cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1204. Modification of quarterly report on obligation and 
           expenditure of funds for security cooperation programs and 
           activities.
Sec. 1205. Gender perspectives and participation by women in security 
           cooperation activities.
Sec. 1206. Plan to provide consistency of administration of authorities 
           relating to vetting of units of security forces of foreign 
           countries; modification of assessment, monitoring, and 
           evaluation of security cooperation programs and activities.
Sec. 1207. Extension of authority for support of special operations for 
           irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
           Program and elimination of certain payments to redress injury 
           and loss.
Sec. 1209. Two-year extension of program authority for Global Security 
           Contingency Fund.
Sec. 1210. Legal institutional capacity building initiative for foreign 
           defense institutions.
Sec. 1210A. Department of Defense support for stabilization activities 
           in national security interest of the United States.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
           provide defense services to the military and security forces 
           of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1212. Extension and modification of authority to acquire products 
           and services produced in countries along a major route of 
           supply to Afghanistan.
Sec. 1213. Authority for certain payments to redress injury and loss.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of semiannual report on enhancing 
           security and stability in Afghanistan.
Sec. 1215. Special Immigrant Visa program reporting requirement.
Sec. 1216. Meaningful inclusion of Afghan women in peace negotiations.
Sec. 1217. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
           certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
           States military operations.
Sec. 1218. Support for reconciliation activities led by the Government 
           of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification and extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant 
           Visa Program.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Modification of authority and limitation on use of funds to 
           provide assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and 
           Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
           to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Modification of authority to support operations and 
           activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Establishing a coordinator for detained ISIS members and 
           relevant displaced populations in Syria.
Sec. 1225. Report on lessons learned from efforts to liberate Mosul and 
           Raqqah from control of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1214]]

Sec. 1226. Expansion of availability of financial assets of Iran to 
           victims of terrorism.
Sec. 1227. Report on the status of deconfliction channels with Iran.
Sec. 1228. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
           support to certain organizations.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
           United States and Russia.
Sec. 1232. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
           of Russia over Crimea.
Sec. 1233. Sense of Congress on updating and modernizing existing 
           agreements to avert miscalculation between the United States 
           and Russia.
Sec. 1234. United States participation in Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1235. Modifications of briefing, notification, and reporting 
           requirements relating to non-compliance by the Russian 
           Federation with its obligations under the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1236. Report on treaties relating to nuclear arms control.
Sec. 1237. Reports relating to the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1238. Report on military activities of the Russian Federation and 
           the People's Republic of China in the Arctic region.
Sec. 1239. Updated strategy to counter the threat of malign influence by 
           the Russian Federation and other countries.

             Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization.
Sec. 1242. Prohibition on the use of funds to suspend, terminate, or 
           provide notice of denunciation of the North Atlantic Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Future years plans and planning transparency for the European 
           Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1244. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
           Initiative.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on transfer of F-35 aircraft to Turkey.
Sec. 1246. Baltic defense assessment; extension and modification of 
           security assistance for Baltic countries for joint program 
           for interoperability and deterrence against aggression.
Sec. 1247. Extension of authority for and report on training for Eastern 
           European national security forces in the course of 
           multilateral exercises.
Sec. 1248. Extension and modification of NATO Special Operations 
           Headquarters.
Sec. 1249. North Atlantic Treaty Organization Joint Force Command.
Sec. 1250. Report on North Atlantic Treaty Organization Readiness 
           Initiative.
Sec. 1250A. Repeal of prohibition on transfer of articles on the United 
           States munitions list to the Republic of Cyprus.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Modification of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Expansion of Indo-Pacific Maritime Security Initiative and 
           limitation on use of funds.
Sec. 1253. Report on resourcing United States defense requirements for 
           the Indo-Pacific region and study on competitive strategies.
Sec. 1254. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
           members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
           deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1255. Report on direct, indirect, and burden-sharing contributions 
           of Japan and South Korea.
Sec. 1256. Sense of Congress on security commitments to the Governments 
           of Japan and the Republic of Korea and trilateral cooperation 
           among the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1257. Sense of Congress on North Korea.
Sec. 1258. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on, and strategy to 
           fulfill obligations under, Mutual Defense Treaty with the 
           Republic of the Philippines.
Sec. 1259. Report on security cooperation with the Philippine National 
           Police.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
           developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260A. Report on foreign military activities in Pacific Island 
           countries.
Sec. 1260B. Report on cybersecurity activities with Taiwan.
Sec. 1260C. Review and report related to the Taiwan Relations Act.
Sec. 1260D. Sense of Congress on enhancement of the United States-Taiwan 
           defense relationship.
Sec. 1260E. Chinese foreign direct investment in countries of the Arctic 
           region.
Sec. 1260F. Sense of Congress on policy toward Hong Kong.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1215]]

Sec. 1260G. Sense of Congress on enhancing defense and security 
           cooperation with the Republic of Singapore.
Sec. 1260H. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1260I. Limitation on removal of Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. from 
           entity list of Bureau of Industry and Security.
Sec. 1260J. Report on ZTE compliance with Superseding Settlement 
           Agreement and Superseding Order.
Sec. 1260K. Report on the lay-down of United States Marines in the Indo-
           Pacific Region.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1261. Modification to report on legal and policy frameworks for the 
           use of military force.
Sec. 1262. Independent review of sufficiency of resources available to 
           United States Southern Command and United States Africa 
           Command.
Sec. 1263. United States Central Command posture assessment and review.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation assessment 
           statements.
Sec. 1265. Western Hemisphere resource assessment.
Sec. 1266. Human rights in Brazil.
Sec. 1267. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1268. Independent analysis of human rights situation in Honduras.
Sec. 1269. Briefing on strategy to improve the efforts of the Nigerian 
           military to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian harm.
Sec. 1270. Report on implications of Chinese military presence in 
           Djibouti.
Sec. 1271. Rule of construction on the permanent stationing of United 
           States Armed Forces in Somalia.
Sec. 1272. Defense and diplomatic strategy for Libya.
Sec. 1273. Prohibition on in-flight refueling to non-United States 
           aircraft that engage in hostilities in the ongoing civil war 
           in Yemen.
Sec. 1274. Report on Saudi-led coalition strikes in Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Reports on expenses incurred for in-flight refueling of Saudi 
           coalition aircraft conducting missions relating to civil war 
           in Yemen.
Sec. 1276. Report on Saudi Arabia's human rights record.
Sec. 1277. Report on intelligence community assessment relating to the 
           killing of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 1278. United States-Israel cooperation to counter unmanned aerial 
           systems.
Sec. 1279. Extension and modification of authority for United States-
           Israel anti-tunnel cooperation activities.
Sec. 1280. Report on cost imposition strategy.
Sec. 1281. Modification of initiative to support protection of national 
           security academic researchers from undue influence and other 
           security threats.
Sec. 1282. Modification of responsibility for policy on civilian 
           casualty matters.
Sec. 1283. Report on export of certain satellites to entities with 
           certain beneficial ownership structures.
Sec. 1284. Rule of construction relating to the use of military force.
Sec. 1285. Reports and briefings on use of military force and support of 
           partner forces.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
           reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1411. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
           Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
           Demonstration Fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
           Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1412. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
           Home.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Treatment as additional authorizations.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1216]]

  Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations for Overseas Contingency 
                               Operations

Sec. 1511. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1512. Procurement.
Sec. 1513.  Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1514. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1515. Military personnel.
Sec. 1516. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1517. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1518. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1519. Defense health program.
Sec. 1520. Afghanistan security forces fund.
Sec. 1520A. Special transfer authority.

  Subtitle B--Authorization of Appropriations for Emergency Funds for 
                        Recovery and Restoration

Sec. 1521. Procurement.
Sec. 1522. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1523. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1524. Restriction on transfer of funds authorized by this subtitle.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Repeal of requirement to establish United States Space 
           Command as a subordinate unified command of the United States 
           Strategic Command.
Sec. 1602. Coordination of modernization efforts relating to military-
           code capable GPS receiver cards.
Sec. 1603. Demonstration of backup and complementary positioning, 
           navigation, and timing capabilities of Global Positioning 
           System.
Sec. 1604. Annual determination on plan on full integration and 
           exploitation of overhead persistent infrared capability.
Sec. 1605. Space-based environmental monitoring mission requirements.
Sec. 1606. Resilient enterprise ground architecture.
Sec. 1607. Prototype program for multi-global navigation satellite 
           system receiver development.
Sec. 1608. Commercial space situational awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1609. Program to enhance and improve launch support and 
           infrastructure.
Sec. 1610. Preparation to implement plan for use of allied launch 
           vehicles.
Sec. 1611. Independent study on plan for deterrence in space.
Sec. 1612. Study on leveraging diverse commercial satellite remote 
           sensing capabilities.
Sec. 1613. Annual report on Space Command and Control program.
Sec. 1614. Report on space debris.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Redesignation of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
           as Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security.
Sec. 1622. Modifications to ISR Integration Council and annual briefing 
           requirements.
Sec. 1623. Modification of annual authorization of appropriations for 
           National Flagship Language Initiative.
Sec. 1624. Improving the onboarding methodology for intelligence 
           personnel.
Sec. 1625. Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency activities on 
           facilitating access to local criminal records historical 
           data.
Sec. 1626. Survey and report on alignment of intelligence collections 
           capabilities and activities with Department of Defense 
           requirements.
Sec. 1627. Reports on Consolidated Adjudication Facility of the Defense 
           Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1628. Report on the expanded purview of the Defense 
           Counterintelligence and Security Agency.
Sec. 1629. Termination of requirement for Department of Defense facility 
           access clearances for joint ventures composed of previously-
           cleared entities.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Matters relating to military operations in the information 
           environment.
Sec. 1632. Notification requirements for sensitive military cyber 
           operations.
Sec. 1633. Evaluation of cyber vulnerabilities of major weapon systems 
           of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1634. Quarterly assessments of the readiness of Cyber Mission 
           Forces.
Sec. 1635. Cyber posture review.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1217]]

Sec. 1636. Modification of elements of assessment required for 
           termination of dual-hat arrangement for Commander of the 
           United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1637. Modification of cyber scholarship program.
Sec. 1638. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
           incident.
Sec. 1639. Extension of the Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1640. Authority to use operation and maintenance funds for cyber 
           operations-peculiar capability development projects.
Sec. 1641. Role of Chief Information Officer in improving enterprise-
           wide cybersecurity.
Sec. 1642. Notification of delegation of authorities to the Secretary of 
           Defense for military operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Limitation of funding for Consolidated Afloat Networks and 
           Enterprise Services.
Sec. 1644. Annual military cyberspace operations report.
Sec. 1645. Annual report on cyber attacks and intrusions against the 
           Department of Defense by certain foreign entities.
Sec. 1646. Control and analysis of Department of Defense data stolen 
           through cyberspace.
Sec. 1647. Use of National Security Agency cybersecurity expertise to 
           support evaluation of commercial cybersecurity products.
Sec. 1648. Framework to enhance cybersecurity of the United States 
           defense industrial base.
Sec. 1649. Report on cybersecurity training programs.
Sec. 1650. National Security Presidential Memorandums relating to 
           Department of Defense operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1651. Reorientation of Big Data Platform program.
Sec. 1652. Zero-based review of Department of Defense cyber and 
           information technology personnel.
Sec. 1653. Study on improving cyber career paths in the Navy.
Sec. 1654. Accreditation standards and processes for cybersecurity and 
           information technology products and services.
Sec. 1655. Study on future cyber warfighting capabilities of Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 1656. Study to determine the optimal strategy for structuring and 
           manning elements of the Joint Force Headquarters-Cyber 
           Organizations, Joint Mission Operations Centers, and Cyber 
           Operations-Integrated Planning Elements.
Sec. 1657. Cyber governance structures and Principal Cyber Advisors on 
           military cyber force matters.
Sec. 1658. Designation of test networks for testing and accreditation of 
           cybersecurity products and services.
Sec. 1659. Consortia of universities to advise Secretary of Defense on 
           cybersecurity matters.
Sec. 1660. Joint assessment of Department of Defense cyber red team 
           capabilities, capacity, demand, and requirements.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Conforming amendment to Council on Oversight of the National 
           Leadership Command, Control, and Communications System.
Sec. 1662. Modification of authorities relating to nuclear command, 
           control, and communications system.
Sec. 1663. Briefings on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1664. Consideration of budget matters at meetings of Nuclear 
           Weapons Council.
Sec. 1665. Improvement to annual report on the modernization of the 
           nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1666. Expansion of officials required to conduct biennial 
           assessments of delivery platforms for nuclear weapons and 
           nuclear command and control system.
Sec. 1667. Extension of annual briefing on costs of forward-deploying 
           nuclear weapons in Europe.
Sec. 1668. Elimination of conventional requirement for long-range 
           standoff weapon.
Sec. 1669. Briefing on long-range standoff weapon and sea-launched 
           cruise missile.
Sec. 1670. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
           variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1671. Reports on development of ground-based strategic deterrent 
           weapon.
Sec. 1672. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
           missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1673. Independent study on policy of no-first-use of nuclear 
           weapons.
Sec. 1674. Independent study on risks of nuclear terrorism and nuclear 
           war.
Sec. 1675. Report on military-to-military dialogue to reduce risks of 
           miscalculation leading to nuclear war.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1218]]

Sec. 1676. Report on nuclear forces of the United States and near-peer 
           countries.
Sec. 1677. Report on operation of conventional forces of military 
           departments under employment or threat of employment of 
           nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1678. Report on operation of conventional forces of certain 
           combatant commands under employment or threat of employment 
           of nuclear weapons.
Sec. 1679. Briefings on plan for future-systems-level architecture of 
           nuclear command, control, and communications systems.
Sec. 1680. Sense of Congress on nuclear deterrence commitments of the 
           United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1681. National missile defense policy.
Sec. 1682. Development of space-based ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1683. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
           space sensor payload.
Sec. 1684. Modifications to required testing by Missile Defense Agency 
           of ground-based midcourse defense element of ballistic 
           missile defense system.
Sec. 1685. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
           cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
           production.
Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for lower tier air and 
           missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Plan for the redesigned kill vehicle replacement.
Sec. 1688. Organization, authorities, and billets of the Missile Defense 
           Agency.
Sec. 1689. Annual assessment of ballistic missile defense system.
Sec. 1690. Command and control, battle management, and communications 
           program.
Sec. 1691. Missile defense interceptor site in contiguous United States.
Sec. 1692. Independent study on impacts of missile defense development 
           and deployment.
Sec. 1693. Report and briefing on multi-volume kill capability.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1694. Extension of authorization for protection of certain 
           facilities and assets from unmanned aircraft.
Sec. 1695. Repeal of requirement for commission on electromagnetic pulse 
           attacks and similar events.
Sec. 1696. Repeal of review requirement for ammonium perchlorate report.
Sec. 1697. Transferability of conventional prompt global strike weapon 
           system technologies to surface-launched platforms.
Sec. 1698. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain offensive 
           ground-launched ballistic or cruise missile systems.
Sec. 1699. Hard and deeply buried targets.

                  TITLE XVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1701. Modification of annual reporting requirements on defense 
           manpower.
Sec. 1702. Termination of requirement for submittal to Congress of 
           certain recurring reports.
Sec. 1703. Modification of annual report on civilian casualties in 
           connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1704. Extension of requirement for briefings on the national 
           biodefense strategy.
Sec. 1705. Authorization of appropriations for title III of the Defense 
           Production Act of 1950.
Sec. 1706. Report on the Department of Defense plan for mass-casualty 
           disaster response operations in the Arctic.
Sec. 1707. Transmittal to Congress of requests for assistance from other 
           departments of the Federal Government that are approved by 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1708. Report and briefing on implementation of national defense 
           strategy.
Sec. 1709. Actions to increase analytic support.
Sec. 1710. Inclusion of certain individuals investigated by Inspectors 
           General in the semiannual report.
Sec. 1711. Annual report on Joint Military Information Support 
           Operations Web Operations Center.
Sec. 1712. Mobility capability requirements study.
Sec. 1713. Assessment of special operations force structure.
Sec. 1714. Army aviation strategic plan and modernization roadmap.
Sec. 1715. Report on ground-based long-range artillery to counter land 
           and maritime threats.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1219]]

Sec. 1716. Independent review of transportation working-capital fund.
Sec. 1717. Geographic command risk assessment of proposed use of certain 
           aircraft capabilities.
Sec. 1718. Report on backlog of personnel security clearance 
           adjudications.
Sec. 1719. Report regarding outstanding Government Accountability Office 
           recommendations.
Sec. 1720. Report on National Guard and United States Northern Command 
           capacity to meet homeland defense and security incidents.
Sec. 1721. Assessment of standards, processes, procedures, and policy 
           relating to civilian casualties.
Sec. 1722. Report on transfers of equipment to prohibited entities.
Sec. 1723. Annual report on strikes undertaken by the United States 
           against terrorist targets outside areas of active 
           hostilities.
Sec. 1724. Review and assessment of mitigation of military helicopter 
           noise.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 1731. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1732. Establishment of lead Inspector General for an overseas 
           contingency operation based on Secretary of Defense 
           notification.
Sec. 1733. Clarification of authority of Inspectors General for overseas 
           contingency operations.
Sec. 1734. Employment status of annuitants for Inspectors General for 
           overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1735. Extension of National Security Commission on Artificial 
           Intelligence.
Sec. 1736. Exemption from calculation of monthly income, for purposes of 
           bankruptcy laws, of certain payments from the Department of 
           Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1737. Extension of postage stamp for breast cancer research.
Sec. 1738. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1739. Guarantee of residency for spouses of members of the 
           uniformed services.
Sec. 1740. Electromagnetic pulses and geomagnetic disturbances.
Sec. 1741. Improvements to Manufacturing USA Program.
Sec. 1742. Regional innovation program.
Sec. 1743. Aviation workforce development.
Sec. 1744. Oversight of Department of Defense execute orders.
Sec. 1745. Processes and procedures for notifications regarding special 
           operations forces.
Sec. 1746. Securing American science and technology.
Sec. 1747. Standardized policy guidance for calculating aircraft 
           operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 1748. Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 1749. Prohibition on names related to the Confederacy.
Sec. 1750. Support for National Maritime Heritage Grants program.
Sec. 1751. Support for world language advancement and readiness.
Sec. 1752. Designation of Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.
Sec. 1753. Independent studies regarding potential cost savings with 
           respect to the nuclear security enterprise and force 
           structure .
Sec. 1754. Comprehensive Department of Defense policy on collective 
           self-defense.
Sec. 1755. Policy regarding the transition of data and applications to 
           the cloud.
Sec. 1756. Integrated public alert and warning system.
Sec. 1757. Improving quality of information in background investigation 
           request packages.
Sec. 1758. Parole in place for members of the Armed Forces and certain 
           military dependents.
Sec. 1759. Report on reducing the backlog in legally required historical 
           declassification obligations of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1760. Military type certification for light attack experimentation 
           aircraft.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
           specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2019 projects.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1220]]

Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.
Sec. 2205. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2017 project.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authorities to carry out phased Joint 
           Intelligence Analysis Complex consolidation.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2016 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2017 project.
Sec. 2308. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2018 projects.
Sec. 2309. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2019 projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
           Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
           and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
           closure activities funded through Department of Defense base 
           closure account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
           closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

                Subtitle A--Military Construction Program

Sec. 2801. Military installation resilience plans and projects.
Sec. 2802. Improved consultation with tribal governments when proposed 
           military construction projects potentially impact Indian 
           tribes.
Sec. 2803. Increased authority for use of certain appropriations amounts 
           for restoration or replacement of damaged or destroyed 
           facilities.
Sec. 2804. Amendment of Unified Facilities Criteria to promote military 
           installation resilience, energy resilience, energy and 
           climate resiliency, and cyber resilience.
Sec. 2805. Modification to Department of Defense Form 1391 regarding 
           consideration of potential long-term adverse environmental 
           effects.
Sec. 2806. Improved flood risk disclosure for military construction.
Sec. 2807. Prioritization of projects in annual report on unfunded 
           requirements for laboratory military construction projects.
Sec. 2808. Technical corrections and improvements to defense access road 
           resilience.
Sec. 2809. Military construction projects for child development centers 
           at military installations.
Sec. 2810. Prohibition on use of funds to reduce air base resiliency or 
           demolish protected aircraft shelters in the European theater 
           without creating a similar protection from attack.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1221]]

Sec. 2811. Prohibition on use of funds to close or return certain bases 
           to the host nation.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Improved energy security for main operating bases in Europe.
Sec. 2822. Access to Department of Defense installations for 
           credentialed transportation workers.
Sec. 2823. Improved recording and maintaining of Department of Defense 
           real property data.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Hill Air Force Base, Ogden, Utah.
Sec. 2832. Release of interests retained in Camp Joseph T. Robinson, 
           Arkansas, for use of such land as a veterans cemetery.
Sec. 2833. Modification of authorized uses of certain property conveyed 
           by the United States in Los Angeles, California.
Sec. 2834. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction over certain parcels 
           of Federal land in Arlington, Virginia.

                  Subtitle D--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Public notice regarding upcoming periods of Secretary of the 
           Navy management of Shared Use Area of the Johnson Valley Off-
           Highway Vehicle Recreation Area.

   Subtitle E--White Sands National Park and White Sands Missile Range

Sec. 2851. White Sands Missile Range Land Enhancements.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Installation and maintenance of fire extinguishers in 
           Department of Defense facilities.
Sec. 2862. Definition of community infrastructure for purposes of 
           military base reuse studies and community planning 
           assistance.
Sec. 2863. Temporary authority for acceptance and use of contributions 
           for certain design and construction projects mutually 
           beneficial to the Department of Defense and the Republic of 
           Korea.
Sec. 2864. Black start exercises at military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to extend service life of roads and runways 
           under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 2866. Restrictions on rehabilitation of Over-the-Horizon 
           Backscatter Radar System receiving station, Modoc County, 
           California.
Sec. 2867. Designation of Sumpter Smith Joint National Guard Base.
Sec. 2868. Santa Ynez Band of Chumash Indians land affirmation.
Sec. 2869. Lands to be taken into trust as part of the reservation of 
           the Lytton Rancheria.
Sec. 2870. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewa Indians of Montana.
Sec. 2871. Sense of Congress on restoration of Tyndall Air Force Base.

 TITLE XXIX--AUTHORIZATION OF OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY 
            CONSTRUCTION AND EMERGENCY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

    Subtitle A--Overseas Contingency Operations Military Construction

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.

               Subtitle B--Emergency Military Construction

Sec. 2911. Authorization of emergency Navy construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2912. Authorization of emergency Air Force construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2913. Authorization of emergency Army National Guard construction 
           and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2914. Authorization of emergency Defense Agencies construction and 
           land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2915. Authorization of emergency supplemental appropriations for 
           military construction projects.

            TITLE XXX--MILITARY HOUSING PRIVATIZATION REFORM

Sec. 3001. Definitions.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1222]]

              Subtitle A--Addition of New Reform Subchapter

Sec. 3011. Improved accountability and oversight of privatized military 
           housing and protections and responsibilities for tenants of 
           privatized military housing.
Sec. 3012. Designation of Chief Housing Officer for privatized military 
           housing.
Sec. 3013. Additional requirements relating to contracts for privatized 
           military housing.
Sec. 3014. Additional requirements relating to management of privatized 
           military housing.
Sec. 3015. Consideration of contractor history in contracts for 
           privatized military housing.
Sec. 3016. Additional improvements for management of privatized military 
           housing.
Sec. 3017. Maintenance work order system for privatized military 
           housing.
Sec. 3018. Access by tenants of privatized military housing to 
           maintenance work order system.
Sec. 3019. Access by tenants to historical maintenance information for 
           privatized military housing.
Sec. 3020. Prohibition on requirement to disclose personally 
           identifiable information in certain requests for maintenance 
           of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3021. Treatment of incentive fees for landlords of privatized 
           military housing for failure to remedy a health or 
           environmental hazard.
Sec. 3022. Dispute resolution process for landlord-tenant disputes 
           regarding privatized military housing and requests to 
           withhold payments during dispute resolution process.
Sec. 3023. Investigation of reports of reprisals relating to privatized 
           military housing and congressional notification.
Sec. 3024. Prohibition on use of nondisclosure agreements in connection 
           with leases of privatized military housing.

                 Subtitle B--Other Amendatory Provisions

Sec. 3031. Installation of carbon monoxide detectors in military family 
           housing.
Sec. 3032. Authority to furnish certain services in connection with use 
           of alternative authority for acquisition and improvement of 
           military housing.
Sec. 3033. Treatment of breach of contract for privatized military 
           housing.
Sec. 3034. Modification to requirements for window fall prevention 
           devices in military family housing units.
Sec. 3035. Expansion of direct hire authority for Department of Defense 
           for childcare services providers for Department child 
           development centers to include direct hire authority for 
           installation military housing office personnel.
Sec. 3036. Modification of authority to make payments to lessors of 
           privatized military housing.
Sec. 3037. Technical correction to definition used to make payments to 
           lessors of privatized military housing.

               Subtitle C--One-Time Reporting Requirements

Sec. 3041. Report on civilian personnel shortages for appropriate 
           oversight of management of military housing constructed or 
           acquired using alternative authority for acquisition and 
           improvement of military housing.
Sec. 3042. Plans for creation of councils on privatized military 
           housing.
Sec. 3043. Plan for establishment of Department of Defense jurisdiction 
           over off-base privatized military housing.
Sec. 3044. Inspector General review of Department of Defense oversight 
           of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3045. Information on legal services provided to members of the 
           Armed Forces harmed by health or environmental hazards at 
           military housing.

    Subtitle D--Development of Housing Reform Standards and Processes

Sec. 3051. Uniform code of basic standards for privatized military 
           housing and plan to conduct inspections and assessments.
Sec. 3052. Tool for assessment of hazards in Department of Defense 
           housing.
Sec. 3053. Process to identify and address environmental health hazards 
           in Department of Defense housing.
Sec. 3054. Department of Defense policy on lead-based paint testing on 
           military installations.
Sec. 3055. Standard for minimum credentials for health and environmental 
           inspectors of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3056. Requirements relating to move-in, move-out, and maintenance 
           of privatized military housing.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1223]]

Sec. 3057. Standardized documentation, templates, and forms for 
           privatized military housing.
Sec. 3058. Satisfaction survey for tenants of military housing.

                Subtitle E--Other Housing Reform Matters

Sec. 3061. Radon testing of privatized military housing.
Sec. 3062. Mitigation of risks posed by certain items in military family 
           housing units.
Sec. 3063. Suspension of Resident Energy Conservation Program and 
           related programs for privatized military housing.
Sec. 3064. Department of the Army pilot program to build and monitor use 
           of single family homes.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Personnel matters at National Nuclear Security 
           Administration.
Sec. 3112. Estimation of costs of meeting defense environmental cleanup 
           milestones required by consent orders.
Sec. 3113. Office of Cost Estimating and Program Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Clarification of certain Stockpile Responsiveness Program 
           objectives.
Sec. 3115. Elimination of limitation on availability of funds relating 
           to submission of annual reports on unfunded priorities.
Sec. 3116. Modification to certain requirements relating to plutonium 
           pit production capacity.
Sec. 3117. Annual certification of shipments to Waste Isolation Pilot 
           Plant.
Sec. 3118. Extension and modification of pilot program on unavailability 
           for overhead costs of amounts specified for laboratory-
           directed research and development.
Sec. 3119. Modification to limitation on availability of funds for 
           acceleration of nuclear weapons dismantlement.
Sec. 3120. Implementation of common financial reporting system for 
           nuclear security enterprise.
Sec. 3121. Limitation relating to reclassification of high-level waste.
Sec. 3122. National Laboratory Jobs ACCESS Program.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 3131. Civil penalties for violations of certain whistleblower 
           protections.
Sec. 3132. Repeal of assessments of adequacy of budget requests relating 
           to nuclear weapons stockpile.
Sec. 3133. Repeal of requirement for review relating to enhanced 
           procurement authority.
Sec. 3134. Improvements to Energy Employees Occupational Illness 
           Compensation Program Act of 2000.
Sec. 3135. Replacement of W78 warhead.
Sec. 3136. Independent review of capabilities for detection, 
           verification, and monitoring of nuclear weapons and fissile 
           material.
Sec. 3137. Assessment of high energy density physics.
Sec. 3138. Determination of effect of treaty obligations with respect to 
           producing tritium.
Sec. 3139. Technical corrections to National Nuclear Security 
           Administration Act and Atomic Energy Defense Act.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Improvements to Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.
Sec. 3203. Membership of Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1224]]

Sec. 3502. Reauthorization of Maritime Security Program.
Sec. 3503. Maritime technical assistance program.
Sec. 3504. Appointment of candidates attending sponsored preparatory 
           school.
Sec. 3505. General support program.
Sec. 3506. Improvements to the maritime guaranteed loan program.
Sec. 3507. Requirement for small shipyard grantees.
Sec. 3508. Salvage recoveries of cargoes.
Sec. 3509. Salvage recoveries for subrogated ownership of vessels and 
           cargoes.
Sec. 3510. Maritime Occupational Safety and Health Advisory Committee.
Sec. 3511. Military to mariner.
Sec. 3512. Department of Transportation Inspector General Report.
Sec. 3513. Independent study on the United States Merchant Marine 
           Academy.
Sec. 3514. Port operations, research, and technology.
Sec. 3515. Assessment and report on strategic seaports.
Sec. 3516. Technical corrections.
Sec. 3517. United States Merchant Marine Academy sexual assault 
           prevention and response program.
Sec. 3518. Report on vessels for emerging offshore energy 
           infrastructure.
Sec. 3519. Report on United States flagged fuel tanker vessel capacity.

                    Subtitle B--Cable Security Fleet

Sec. 3521. Establishment of Cable Security Fleet.

                      Subtitle C--Maritime SAFE Act

Sec. 3531. Short titles.
Sec. 3532. Definitions.
Sec. 3533. Purposes.
Sec. 3534. Statement of policy.

  Part I--Programs to Combat IUU Fishing and Increase Maritime Security

Sec. 3541. Coordination with international organizations.
Sec. 3542. Engagement of diplomatic missions of the United States.
Sec. 3543. Assistance by Federal agencies to improve law enforcement 
           within priority regions and priority flag states.
Sec. 3544. Expansion of existing mechanisms to combat IUU fishing.
Sec. 3545. Improvement of transparency and traceability programs.
Sec. 3546. Technology programs.
Sec. 3547. Savings clause.

   Part II--Establishment of Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing

Sec. 3551. Interagency Working Group on IUU Fishing.
Sec. 3552. Strategic plan.
Sec. 3553. Reports.
Sec. 3554. Gulf of Mexico IUU Fishing Subworking Group.

 Part III--Combating Human Trafficking in Connection With the Catching 
                   and Processing of Seafood Products

Sec. 3561. Finding.
Sec. 3562. Adding the Secretary of Commerce to the Interagency Task 
           Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking.
Sec. 3563. Human trafficking in the seafood supply chain report.

                Part IV--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 3571. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3572. Accounting of funds.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4103. Procurement for emergency requirements.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
           contingency operations.
Sec. 4203. Research, development, test, and evaluation for emergency 
           requirements.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1225]]

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
           operations.
Sec. 4303. Operation and maintenance for emergency requirements.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 4603. Military construction for emergency requirements.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

DIVISION E--INTELLIGENCE AUTHORIZATIONS FOR FISCAL YEARS 2018, 2019, AND 
                                  2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Subdivisions and table of contents.
Sec. 5003. Definitions.

     Subdivision 1--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Year 2020

Sec. 5100. Table of contents.

                    TITLE LI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 5102. Classified schedule of authorizations.
Sec. 5103. Intelligence community management account.

 TITLE LII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 5201. Authorization of appropriations.

               TITLE LIII--INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

           Subtitle A--General Intelligence Community Matters

Sec. 5301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 5302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
           law.
Sec. 5303. Expansion of scope of protections for identities of covert 
           agents.
Sec. 5304. Required counterintelligence assessments, briefings, 
           notifications, and reports.
Sec. 5305. Inclusion of security risks in program management plans 
           required for acquisition of major systems in National 
           Intelligence Program.
Sec. 5306. Intelligence community public-private talent exchange.
Sec. 5307. Assessment of contracting practices to identify certain 
           security and counterintelligence concerns.

       Subtitle B--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 5321. Establishment of Climate Security Advisory Council.
Sec. 5322. Foreign Malign Influence Response Center.
Sec. 5323. Encouragement of cooperative actions to detect and counter 
           foreign influence operations.
Sec. 5324. Transfer of National Intelligence University to the Office of 
           the Director of National Intelligence.

       Subtitle C--Inspector General of the Intelligence Community

Sec. 5331. Definitions.
Sec. 5332. Inspector General external review panel.
Sec. 5333. Harmonization of whistleblower processes and procedures.
Sec. 5334. Oversight by Inspector General of the Intelligence Community 
           over intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 5335. Report on cleared whistleblower attorneys.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1226]]

                 Subtitle D--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 5341. Clarification of certain authority of the Central 
           Intelligence Agency.

                     TITLE LIV--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 5401. Improving visibility into the security clearance process.
Sec. 5402. Making certain policies and execution plans relating to 
           personnel clearances available to industry partners.

             TITLE LV--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN COUNTRIES

                 Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 5501. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
           United States by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 5502. Assessment of legitimate and illegitimate financial and other 
           assets of Vladimir Putin.
Sec. 5503. Assessments of intentions of political leadership of the 
           Russian Federation.

                  Subtitle B--Matters Relating to China

Sec. 5511. Annual reports on influence operations and campaigns in the 
           United States by the Communist Party of China.
Sec. 5512. Report on repression of ethnic Muslim minorities in the 
           Xinjiang region of the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 5513. Report on efforts by People's Republic of China to influence 
           election in Taiwan.

             Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Other Countries

Sec. 5521. Sense of Congress and report on Iranian efforts in Syria and 
           Lebanon.
Sec. 5522. Assessments regarding the Northern Triangle and Mexico.

          TITLE LVI--FEDERAL EFFORTS AGAINST DOMESTIC TERRORISM

Sec. 5601. Definitions.
Sec. 5602. Strategic intelligence assessment of and reports on domestic 
           terrorism.

                  TITLE LVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Reports and Briefings

Sec. 5701.  Modification of requirements for submission to Congress of 
           certain reports.
Sec. 5702. Increased transparency regarding counterterrorism budget of 
           the United States.
Sec. 5703. Study on role of retired and former personnel of intelligence 
           community with respect to certain foreign intelligence 
           operations.
Sec. 5704. Collection, analysis, and dissemination of workforce data.
Sec. 5705. Plan for strengthening the supply chain intelligence 
           function.
Sec. 5706. Comprehensive economic assessment of investment in key United 
           States technologies by companies or organizations linked to 
           China.
Sec. 5707. Report by Director of National Intelligence on fifth-
           generation wireless network technology.
Sec. 5708. Report on use by intelligence community of facial recognition 
           technology.
Sec. 5709. Report on deepfake technology, foreign weaponization of 
           deepfakes, and related notifications.
Sec. 5710. Annual report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
           cybersecurity and surveillance threats to Congress.
Sec. 5711. Analysis of and periodic briefings on major initiatives of 
           intelligence community in artificial intelligence and machine 
           learning.
Sec. 5712. Report on best practices to protect privacy and civil 
           liberties of Chinese Americans.
Sec. 5713. Oversight of foreign influence in academia.
Sec. 5714. Report on death of Jamal Khashoggi.
Sec. 5715. Report on terrorist screening database.
Sec. 5716. Report containing threat assessment on terrorist use of 
           conventional and advanced conventional weapons.
Sec. 5717. Assessment of homeland security vulnerabilities associated 
           with certain retired and former personnel of the intelligence 
           community.
Sec. 5718. Study on feasibility and advisability of establishing 
           Geospatial-Intelligence Museum and learning center.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 5721. Whistleblower disclosures to Congress and committees of 
           Congress.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1227]]

Sec. 5722. Task force on illicit financing of espionage and foreign 
           influence operations.
Sec. 5723. Establishment of fifth-generation technology prize 
           competition.
Sec. 5724. Establishment of deepfakes prize competition.
Sec. 5725. Identification of and countermeasures against certain 
           International Mobile Subscriber Identity-catchers.
Sec. 5726. Securing energy infrastructure.

  Subdivision 2--Intelligence Authorizations for Fiscal Years 2018 and 
                                  2019

Sec. 6100. Table of contents.

                   TITLE LXI--INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 6101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6102. Intelligence Community Management Account.

TITLE LXII--CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6202. Computation of annuities for employees of the Central 
           Intelligence Agency.

           TITLE LXIII--GENERAL INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MATTERS

Sec. 6301. Restriction on conduct of intelligence activities.
Sec. 6302. Increase in employee compensation and benefits authorized by 
           law.
Sec. 6303. Modification of special pay authority for science, 
           technology, engineering, or mathematics positions and 
           addition of special pay authority for cyber positions.
Sec. 6304. Modification of appointment of Chief Information Officer of 
           the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6305. Director of National Intelligence review of placement of 
           positions within the intelligence community on the Executive 
           Schedule.
Sec. 6306. Supply Chain and Counterintelligence Risk Management Task 
           Force.
Sec. 6307. Consideration of adversarial telecommunications and 
           cybersecurity infrastructure when sharing intelligence with 
           foreign governments and entities.
Sec. 6308. Cyber protection support for the personnel of the 
           intelligence community in positions highly vulnerable to 
           cyber attack.
Sec. 6309. Elimination of sunset of authority relating to management of 
           supply-chain risk.
Sec. 6310. Limitations on determinations regarding certain security 
           classifications.
Sec. 6311. Joint Intelligence Community Council.
Sec. 6312. Intelligence community information technology environment.
Sec. 6313. Report on development of secure mobile voice solution for 
           intelligence community.
Sec. 6314. Policy on minimum insider threat standards.
Sec. 6315. Submission of intelligence community policies.
Sec. 6316. Expansion of intelligence community recruitment efforts.

 TITLE LXIV--MATTERS RELATING TO ELEMENTS OF THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY

       Subtitle A--Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Sec. 6401. Authority for protection of current and former employees of 
           the Office of the Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 6402. Designation of the program manager-information-sharing 
           environment.
Sec. 6403. Technical modification to the executive schedule.
Sec. 6404. Chief Financial Officer of the Intelligence Community.
Sec. 6405. Chief Information Officer of the Intelligence Community.

                 Subtitle B--Central Intelligence Agency

Sec. 6411. Central Intelligence Agency subsistence for personnel 
           assigned to austere locations.
Sec. 6412. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
           payments and other payments for Central Intelligence Agency 
           personnel.
Sec. 6413. Expansion of security protective service jurisdiction of the 
           Central Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 6414. Repeal of foreign language proficiency requirement for 
           certain senior level positions in the Central Intelligence 
           Agency.

Subtitle C--Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence of Department 
                                of Energy

Sec. 6421. Consolidation of Department of Energy Offices of Intelligence 
           and Counterintelligence.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1228]]

Sec. 6422. Repeal of Department of Energy Intelligence Executive 
           Committee and budget reporting requirement.

                       Subtitle D--Other Elements

Sec. 6431. Plan for designation of counterintelligence component of 
           Defense Security Service as an element of intelligence 
           community.
Sec. 6432. Notice not required for private entities.
Sec. 6433. Establishment of advisory board for National Reconnaissance 
           Office.
Sec. 6434. Collocation of certain Department of Homeland Security 
           personnel at field locations.

                       TITLE LXV--ELECTION MATTERS

Sec. 6501. Report on cyber attacks by foreign governments against United 
           States election infrastructure.
Sec. 6502. Review of intelligence community's posture to collect against 
           and analyze Russian efforts to influence the Presidential 
           election.
Sec. 6503. Assessment of foreign intelligence threats to Federal 
           elections.
Sec. 6504. Strategy for countering Russian cyber threats to United 
           States elections.
Sec. 6505. Assessment of significant Russian influence campaigns 
           directed at foreign elections and referenda.
Sec. 6506. Information sharing with State election officials.
Sec. 6507. Notification of significant foreign cyber intrusions and 
           active measures campaigns directed at elections for Federal 
           offices.
Sec. 6508. Designation of counterintelligence officer to lead election 
           security matters.

                     TITLE LXVI--SECURITY CLEARANCES

Sec. 6601. Definitions.
Sec. 6602. Reports and plans relating to security clearances and 
           background investigations.
Sec. 6603. Improving the process for security clearances.
Sec. 6604. Goals for promptness of determinations regarding security 
           clearances.
Sec. 6605. Security Executive Agent.
Sec. 6606. Report on unified, simplified, Governmentwide standards for 
           positions of trust and security clearances.
Sec. 6607. Report on clearance in person concept.
Sec. 6608. Reports on reciprocity for security clearances inside of 
           departments and agencies.
Sec. 6609. Intelligence community reports on security clearances.
Sec. 6610. Periodic report on positions in the intelligence community 
           that can be conducted without access to classified 
           information, networks, or facilities.
Sec. 6611. Information-sharing program for positions of trust and 
           security clearances.
Sec. 6612. Report on protections for confidentiality of whistleblower-
           related communications.
Sec. 6613. Reports on costs of security clearance background 
           investigations.

                 TITLE LXVII--REPORTS AND OTHER MATTERS

     Subtitle A--Matters Relating to Russia and Other Foreign Powers

Sec. 6701. Limitation relating to establishment or support of 
           cybersecurity unit with the Russian Federation.
Sec. 6702. Assessment of threat finance relating to Russia.
Sec. 6703. Notification of an active measures campaign.
Sec. 6704. Notification of travel by accredited diplomatic and consular 
           personnel of the Russian Federation in the United States.
Sec. 6705. Report and annual briefing on Iranian expenditures supporting 
           foreign military and terrorist activities.
Sec. 6706. Expansion of scope of committee to counter active measures.

                           Subtitle B--Reports

Sec. 6711. Technical correction to Inspector General study.
Sec. 6712. Reports on authorities of the Chief Intelligence Officer of 
           the Department of Homeland Security.
Sec. 6713. Review of intelligence community whistleblower matters.
Sec. 6714. Report on role of Director of National Intelligence with 
           respect to certain foreign investments.
Sec. 6715. Report on surveillance by foreign governments against United 
           States telecommunications networks.
Sec. 6716. Biennial report on foreign investment risks.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1229]]

Sec. 6717. Modification of certain reporting requirement on travel of 
           foreign diplomats.
Sec. 6718. Semiannual reports on investigations of unauthorized 
           disclosures of classified information.
Sec. 6719. Congressional notification of designation of covered 
           intelligence officer as persona non grata.
Sec. 6720. Reports on intelligence community participation in 
           vulnerabilities equities process of Federal Government.
Sec. 6721. Inspectors General reports on classification.
Sec. 6722. Reports and briefings on national security effects of global 
           water insecurity and emerging infectious disease and 
           pandemics.
Sec. 6723. Annual report on memoranda of understanding between elements 
           of intelligence community and other entities of the United 
           States Government regarding significant operational 
           activities or policy.
Sec. 6724. Study on the feasibility of encrypting unclassified wireline 
           and wireless telephone calls.
Sec. 6725. Reports on intelligence community loan repayment and related 
           programs.
Sec. 6726. Repeal of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 6727. Inspector General of the Intelligence Community report on 
           senior executives of the Office of the Director of National 
           Intelligence.
Sec. 6728. Briefing on Federal Bureau of Investigation offering 
           permanent residence to sources and cooperators.
Sec. 6729. Intelligence assessment of North Korea revenue sources.
Sec. 6730. Report on possible exploitation of virtual currencies by 
           terrorist actors.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 6741. Public Interest Declassification Board.
Sec. 6742. Technical and clerical amendments to the National Security 
           Act of 1947.
Sec. 6743. Bug bounty programs.
Sec. 6744. Technical amendments related to the Department of Energy.
Sec. 6745. Sense of Congress on notification of certain disclosures of 
           classified information.
Sec. 6746. Sense of Congress on consideration of espionage activities 
           when considering whether or not to provide visas to foreign 
           individuals to be accredited to a United Nations mission in 
           the United States.
Sec. 6747. Sense of Congress on WikiLeaks.

                        DIVISION F--OTHER MATTERS

            TITLE LXXI--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO NORTH KOREA

Sec. 7101. Short title.

            Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to North Korea

Sec. 7111. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7112. Definitions.

           Part I--Expansion of Sanctions and Related Matters

Sec. 7121. Sanctions with respect to foreign financial institutions that 
           provide financial services to certain sanctioned persons.
Sec. 7122. Mandatory designations under North Korea Sanctions and Policy 
           Enhancement Act of 2016.
Sec. 7123. Extension of applicability period of proliferation prevention 
           sanctions.
Sec. 7124. Opposition to assistance by the international financial 
           institutions.
Sec. 7125. Support for capacity of the International Monetary Fund to 
           prevent money laundering and financing of terrorism.
Sec. 7126. Report and briefings on compliance, penalties, and technical 
           assistance.
Sec. 7127. Sense of Congress on identification and blocking of property 
           of North Korean officials.
Sec. 7128. Modification of report on implementation of United Nations 
           Security Council resolutions by other governments.
Sec. 7129. Report on use by the Government of North Korea of beneficial 
           ownership rules to access the international financial system.

               Part II--Congressional Review and Oversight

Sec. 7131. Notification of termination or suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7132. Reports on certain licensing actions.
Sec. 7133. Report and briefings on financial networks and financial 
           methods of the Government of North Korea.
Sec. 7134. Report on countries of concern with respect to transshipment, 
           reexportation, or diversion of certain items to North Korea.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1230]]

                        Part III--General Matters

Sec. 7141. Rulemaking.
Sec. 7142. Authority to consolidate reports.
Sec. 7143. Waivers, exemptions, and termination.
Sec. 7144. Procedures for review of classified and certain other 
           information.
Sec. 7145. Briefing on resourcing of sanctions programs.
Sec. 7146. Briefing on proliferation financing.
Sec. 7147. Exception relating to importation of goods.

       Subtitle B--Financial Industry Guidance to Halt Trafficking

Sec. 7151. Short title.
Sec. 7152. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7153. Coordination of human trafficking issues by the Office of 
           Terrorism and Financial Intelligence.
Sec. 7154. Strengthening the role of anti-money laundering and other 
           financial tools in combating human trafficking.
Sec. 7155. Sense of Congress on resources to combat human trafficking.

 TITLE LXXII--SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO FOREIGN TRAFFICKERS OF ILLICIT 
                            SYNTHETIC OPIOIDS

Sec. 7201. Short title.
Sec. 7202. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7203. Definitions.

    Subtitle A--Sanctions With Respect to Foreign Opioid Traffickers

Sec. 7211. Identification of foreign opioid traffickers.
Sec. 7212. Imposition of sanctions.
Sec. 7213. Description of sanctions.
Sec. 7214. Waivers.
Sec. 7215. Procedures for judicial review of classified information.
Sec. 7216. Briefings on implementation.
Sec. 7217. Inclusion of additional material in International Narcotics 
           Control Strategy Report.

    Subtitle B--Commission on Combating Synthetic Opioid Trafficking

Sec. 7221. Commission on combating synthetic opioid trafficking.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 7231. Director of National Intelligence program on use of 
           intelligence resources in efforts to sanction foreign opioid 
           traffickers.
Sec. 7232. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 7233. Regulatory authority.
Sec. 7234. Termination.
Sec. 7235. Exception relating to importation of goods.

                           TITLE LXXIII--PFAS

Sec. 7301. Short title.
Sec. 7302. Definition of Administrator.

                       Subtitle A--Drinking Water

Sec. 7311. Monitoring and detection.
Sec. 7312. Drinking water state revolving funds.

                   Subtitle B--PFAS Release Disclosure

Sec. 7321. Additions to toxics release inventory.

                  Subtitle C--USGS Performance Standard

Sec. 7331. Definitions.
Sec. 7332. Performance standard for the detection of highly fluorinated 
           compounds.
Sec. 7333. Nationwide sampling.
Sec. 7334. Data usage.
Sec. 7335. Collaboration.

                    Subtitle D--Emerging Contaminants

Sec. 7341. Definitions.
Sec. 7342. Research and coordination plan for enhanced response on 
           emerging contaminants.

                Subtitle E--Toxic Substances Control Act

Sec. 7351. PFAS data call.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1231]]

Sec. 7352. Significant new use rule for long-chain PFAS.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 7361. PFAS destruction and disposal guidance.
Sec. 7362. PFAS research and development.

        TITLE LXXIV--CAESAR SYRIA CIVILIAN PROTECTION ACT OF 2019

Sec. 7401. Short title.
Sec. 7402. Statement of policy.

Subtitle A--Additional Actions in Connection With the National Emergency 
                          With Respect to Syria

Sec. 7411. Measures with respect to Central Bank of Syria.
Sec. 7412. Sanctions with respect to foreign persons that engage in 
           certain transactions.
Sec. 7413. Strategy relating to areas of Syria in which civilians are 
           subject to forced displacement.

             Subtitle B--Assistance for the People of Syria

Sec. 7421. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7422. Briefing on monitoring and evaluating of ongoing assistance 
           programs in Syria and to the Syrian people.
Sec. 7423. Assessment of potential methods to enhance the protection of 
           civilians.
Sec. 7424. Assistance to support entities taking actions relating to 
           gathering evidence for investigations into war crimes or 
           crimes against humanity in Syria since March 2011.
Sec. 7425. Codification of certain services in support of 
           nongovernmental organizations' activities authorized.
Sec. 7426. Briefing on strategy to facilitate humanitarian assistance.

                     Subtitle C--General Provisions

Sec. 7431. Suspension of sanctions.
Sec. 7432. Waivers and exemptions.
Sec. 7433. Implementation and regulatory authorities.
Sec. 7434. Exception relating to importation of goods.
Sec. 7435. Cost limitation.
Sec. 7436. Rule of construction.
Sec. 7437. Prohibition on construction of provisions of this title as an 
           authorization for use of military force.
Sec. 7438. Sunset.

             TITLE LXXV--PROTECTING EUROPE'S ENERGY SECURITY

Sec. 7501. Short title.
Sec. 7502. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 7503. Imposition of sanctions with respect to provision of certain 
           vessels for the construction of certain Russian energy export 
           pipelines.

                       TITLE LXXVI--OTHER MATTERS

               Subtitle A--Federal Employee Paid Leave Act

Sec. 7601. Short title.
Sec. 7602. Paid parental leave under title 5.
Sec. 7603. Paid parental leave for congressional employees.
Sec. 7604. Conforming amendment to Family and Medical Leave Act for GAO 
           and Library of Congress employees.
Sec. 7605. Clarification for members of the National Guard and Reserves.
Sec. 7606. Conforming amendment for certain TSA employees.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 7611. Liberian refugee immigration fairness.
Sec. 7612. Pensacola Dam and Reservoir, Grand River, Oklahoma.
Sec. 7613. Limitation on certain rolling stock procurements; 
           cybersecurity certification for rail rolling stock and 
           operations.

SEC. 3. <<NOTE: Definition. 10 USC 101 note.>>  CONGRESSIONAL 
                    DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States 
Code.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1232]]

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report or 
amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Authority of the Secretary of the Army to waive certain 
           limitations related to the Distributed Common Ground System-
           Army Increment 1.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Ford-class aircraft carrier cost limitation baselines.
Sec. 122. Modification of annual report on cost targets for certain 
           aircraft carriers.
Sec. 123. Refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
           and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman.
Sec. 124. Ford class aircraft carrier support for F-35C aircraft.
Sec. 125. Prohibition on use of funds for reduction of aircraft carrier 
           force structure.
Sec. 126. Modification of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
           waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 127. LHA Replacement Amphibious Assault Ship Program.
Sec. 128. Strategic sealift fleet vessel.
Sec. 129. Design and construction of amphibious transport dock 
           designated LPD-31.
Sec. 130. Limitation on availability of funds for the Littoral Combat 
           Ship.
Sec. 131. Limitation on the next new class of Navy large surface 
           combatants.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds pending quarterly updates 
           on the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter program.
Sec. 133. Limitation on availability of funds for VH-92A helicopter.
Sec. 134. Report on carrier wing and aviation combat element 
           composition.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Modification of requirement to preserve certain C-5 aircraft.
Sec. 142. OC-135B aircraft recapitalization program.
Sec. 143. Requirement to align Air Force aviation force structure with 
           National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on availability of funds for reduction in KC-10 
           primary mission aircraft inventory.
Sec. 145. Limitation on availability of funds for F-15EX aircraft.
Sec. 146. Limitation on availability of funds for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for RC-26B aircraft.
Sec. 148. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of RC-135 
           aircraft.
Sec. 149. Air Force aggressor squadron modernization.
Sec. 150. Air Force plan for Combat Rescue Helicopter fielding.
Sec. 151. Report on feasibility of multiyear contract for procurement of 
           JASSM-ER missiles.
Sec. 152. Report on aircraft fleet of the Civil Air Patrol.
Sec. 153. Sense of Congress on the light attack aircraft initiative of 
           the Air Force.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 161. Economic order quantity contracting and buy-to-budget 
           acquisition for F-35 aircraft program.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1233]]

Sec. 162. Relief from contractors for failure to deliver ready-for-issue 
           spare parts for the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 163. Limitation on availability of funds for reallocation of 
           Turkish F-35A aircraft to the United States.
Sec. 164. Requirement to establish the use of an Agile DevOps software 
           development solution as an alternative for Joint Strike 
           Fighter Autonomic Logistics Information System.
Sec. 165. F-35 sustainment cost.
Sec. 166. Reports on the progress and performance of the F-35 aircraft 
           program.
Sec. 167. Other reports on the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 168. Limitation on availability of funds for communications systems 
           lacking certain resiliency features.
Sec. 169. Repeal of tactical unmanned vehicle common data link 
           requirement.

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4101.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY OF THE ARMY TO WAIVE CERTAIN 
                        LIMITATIONS RELATED TO THE DISTRIBUTED 
                        COMMON GROUND SYSTEM-ARMY INCREMENT 1.

    Section 113(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2028) is amended by striking 
``Secretary of Defense'' both places it appears and inserting 
``Secretary of the Army''.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER COST LIMITATION BASELINES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 863 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 8692. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8692.>>  Ford-class aircraft carriers: 
                  cost limitation baselines

    ``(a) Limitation.--The total amounts obligated or expended from 
funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, or for any other procurement account, 
may not exceed the following amounts for the following aircraft 
carriers:
            ``(1) $13,224,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-78.
            ``(2) $11,398,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-79.
            ``(3) $12,202,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-80.
            ``(4) $12,451,000,000 for the construction of the aircraft 
        carrier designated CVN-81.

    ``(b) Exclusion of Battle and Interim Spares From Cost Limitation.--
The Secretary of the Navy shall exclude from the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1234]]

determination of the amounts set forth in subsection (a) the costs of 
the following items:
            ``(1) CVN-78 class battle spares.
            ``(2) Interim spares.
            ``(3) Increases attributable to economic inflation after 
        December 1, 2018, not otherwise included in the amounts listed 
        in subsection (a).

    ``(c) Written Notice and Briefing on Change in Amount.--The 
Secretary <<NOTE: Time period.>>  of the Navy may adjust an amount 
listed in subsection (a) not fewer than 15 days after submitting written 
notice and providing a briefing to the congressional defense committees, 
each of which shall include the amount and rationale of any change and 
the resulting amount after such change.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 863 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 8661 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 8691 the following new 
item:

``8692. Ford-class aircraft carriers: cost limitation baselines.''.

    (c) Repeal of Superseded Provision.--Section 122 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364; 120 Stat. 2104) is repealed.
SEC. 122. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT ON COST TARGETS FOR 
                        CERTAIN AIRCRAFT CARRIERS.

    Section 126(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2035) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``and CVN-80'' 
        and inserting ``, CVN-80, and CVN-81'';
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``2021'' and inserting ``2032''; and
                    (B) by striking ``costs described in subsection (b) 
                for the CVN-79 and CVN-80'' and inserting ``cost targets 
                for the CVN-79, the CVN-80, and the CVN-81''; and
            (3) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking `` and the CVN-80'' and inserting ``, the CVN-
                80, and the CVN-81''
                    (B) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``costs 
                described in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``costs 
                specified in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (G), by striking ``costs 
                specified in subsection (b)'' and inserting ``cost 
                targets''.
SEC. 123. REFUELING AND COMPLEX OVERHAULS OF THE U.S.S. JOHN C. 
                        STENNIS AND U.S.S. HARRY S. TRUMAN.

    (a) Refueling and Complex Overhaul.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
carry out the nuclear refueling and complex overhaul of the U.S.S. John 
C. Stennis (CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75).
    (b) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Use of Incremental Funding.--With 
respect to any contract entered into under subsection (a) for the 
nuclear refueling and complex overhauls of the U.S.S. John C. Stennis 
(CVN-74) and U.S.S. Harry S. Truman (CVN-75), the Secretary may use 
incremental funding for a period not to exceed six years after advance 
procurement funds for such nuclear refueling and complex overhaul effort 
are first obligated.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1235]]

    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--Any contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for that later fiscal year.
SEC. 124. FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER SUPPORT FOR F-35C AIRCRAFT.

    Before completing the post-shakedown availability of the Ford class 
aircraft carrier designated CVN-79, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
ensure that the aircraft carrier is capable of operating and deploying 
with the F-35C aircraft.
SEC. 125. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION OF AIRCRAFT 
                        CARRIER FORCE STRUCTURE.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended to reduce the number of operational 
aircraft carriers of the Navy below the number specified in section 
8062(b) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 126. MODIFICATION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                        NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 132 Stat. 1665.>>  is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 may 
        be obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne security 
        barriers for Navy ports'' and inserting ``for fiscal year 2019 
        or fiscal year 2020 may be obligated or expended to procure 
        legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, including as 
        replacements for legacy barriers'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``of not more than 30 
        percent'' after ``replacement''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notification.--Not later than 15 days 
after an exception is made pursuant to subsection (c)(2), the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit a written notification to the congressional 
defense committees that includes--
            ``(1) the name and position of the government official who 
        determined exigent circumstances exist;
            ``(2) a description of the exigent circumstances; and
            ``(3) a description of how waterborne security will be 
        maintained until new waterborne security barriers are procured 
        and installed.''.
SEC. 127. LHA REPLACEMENT AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT SHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority to Use Incremental Funding.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into and incrementally fund a contract for detail design and 
construction of the LHA replacement ship designated LHA 9 and, subject 
to subsection (b), funds for payments under the contract may be provided 
from amounts authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense 
for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, for fiscal years 2019 through 
2025.
    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for any subsequent 
fiscal year is subject to the availability of appropriations for that 
purpose for such subsequent fiscal year.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1236]]

    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 125 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
364; 120 Stat. 2106) is repealed.
SEC. 128. STRATEGIC SEALIFT FLEET VESSEL.

    (a) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  In General.--Subject to the availability 
of appropriations, the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to enter into a 
contract for the construction of one sealift vessel.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Delivery Date.--The contract entered into 
under subsection (a) shall specify a delivery date for the sealift 
vessel of not later than September 30, 2026.

    (c) Design and Construction Requirements.--
            (1) Use of existing design.--The design of the sealift 
        vessel shall be based on a domestic or foreign design that 
        exists as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Commercial standards and practices.--Subject to 
        paragraph (1), the sealift vessel may be constructed using 
        commercial design standards and commercial construction 
        practices that are consistent with the best interests of the 
        Federal Government.
            (3) Domestic shipyard.--The sealift vessel shall be 
        constructed in a shipyard that is located in the United States.

    (d) Certificate and Endorsement.--The sealift vessel shall meet the 
requirements necessary to receive a certificate of documentation and a 
coastwise endorsement under chapter 121 of tile 46, United States Code, 
and the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that the completed vessel 
receives such a certificate and endorsement.
    (e) Executive Agent.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  In general.--The Secretary of the 
        Navy may seek to enter into a contract or other agreement with a 
        private-sector entity under which the entity may act as 
        executive agent for the Secretary for purposes of the contract 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) Responsibilities.--The executive agent described in 
        paragraph (1) may be responsible for--
                    (A) selecting a shipyard for the construction of the 
                sealift vessel;
                    (B) managing and overseeing the construction of the 
                sealift vessel; and
                    (C) such other matters as the Secretary of the Navy 
                determines to be appropriate

    (f) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use 
incremental funding to make payments under the contract.
    (g) Sealift Vessel Defined.--In this section, the term ``sealift 
vessel'' means the sealift vessel constructed pursuant to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a).
SEC. 129. DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMPHIBIOUS TRANSPORT DOCK 
                        DESIGNATED LPD-31.

    (a) <<NOTE: Contracts. Effective date.>>  In General.--Using funds 
authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into a contract, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for 
the design and construction of the amphibious transport dock designated 
LPD-31.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1237]]

    (b) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to the contract 
entered into under subsection (a), the Secretary may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract.
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--The contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under such contract for any fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2020 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
SEC. 130. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE LITTORAL 
                        COMBAT SHIP.

    (a) Limitations.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be used 
to exceed, and the Department may not otherwise exceed, the total 
procurement quantity of thirty-five Littoral Combat Ships, unless the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment submits to 
the congressional defense committees the certification described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Certification.--The certification described in this subsection 
is a certification by the Under Secretary that awarding a contract for 
the procurement of a Littoral Combat Ship that exceeds the total 
procurement quantity listed in revision five of the Littoral Combat Ship 
acquisition strategy--
            (1) is in the national security interests of the United 
        States;
            (2) will not result in exceeding the low-rate initial 
        production quantity approved in the Littoral Combat Ship 
        acquisition strategy in effect as of the date of the 
        certification; and
            (3) is necessary to maintain a full and open competition for 
        the Guided Missile Frigate (FFG(X)) with a single source award 
        in fiscal year 2020.
SEC. 131. LIMITATION ON THE NEXT NEW CLASS OF NAVY LARGE SURFACE 
                        COMBATANTS.

    (a) In General.--Milestone B approval may not be granted for the 
next new class of Navy large surface combatants unless the class of Navy 
large surface combatants incorporates prior to such approval--
            (1) design changes identified during the full duration of 
        the combat system ship qualification trials and operational test 
        periods of the first Arleigh Burke-class destroyer in the Flight 
        III configuration to complete such events; and
            (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
        development models or prototypes for critical systems specified 
        by the Senior Technical Authority pursuant to section 8669b of 
        title 10, United States Code, as added by section 1034 of this 
        Act, in their final form, fit, and function and in a realistic 
        environment, which shall include a land-based engineering site 
        for the propulsion system.

    (b) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may not release a detail design or construction request for proposals or 
obligate funds from the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for 
the next new class of Navy large surface combatants until the class of 
Navy large surface combatants receives Milestone B approval and the 
milestone decision authority notifies the congressional defense 
committees, in writing, of the actions taken to comply with the 
requirements under subsection (a).

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1238]]

            (1) The term ``Milestone B approval'' has the meaning given 
        the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``milestone decision authority'' means the 
        official within the Department of Defense designated with the 
        overall responsibility and authority for acquisition decisions 
        for the program, including authority to approve entry of the 
        program into the next phase of the acquisition process.
            (3) The term ``large surface combatants'' means Navy surface 
        ships that are designed primarily to engage in attacks against 
        airborne, surface, subsurface, and shore targets, excluding 
        frigates and littoral combat ships.
SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING QUARTERLY 
                        UPDATES ON THE CH-53K KING STALLION 
                        HELICOPTER PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 for aircraft procurement, Navy, for the CH-53K King Stallion 
helicopter program, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or 
expended until a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
which the Secretary of the Navy provides the first briefing required 
under subsection (b).

    (b) Quarterly Briefings Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Beginning not later 
        than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and on 
        a quarterly basis thereafter through the end of fiscal year 
        2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a briefing on the progress of the CH-53K King Stallion 
        helicopter program.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the CH-53K King Stallion helicopter 
        program, the following:
                    (A) An overview of the program schedule.
                    (B) A statement of the total cost of the program as 
                of the date of the briefing, including the costs of 
                development, testing, and production.
                    (C) A comparison of the total cost of the program 
                relative to the approved acquisition program baseline.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of flight 
                testing under the program, including identification of 
                the number of test events that have been conducted on-
                time in accordance with the joint integrated program 
                schedule.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Update.>>  An update on the correction 
                of technical deficiencies under the program, including--
                          (i) identification of the technical 
                      deficiencies that have been corrected as of the 
                      date of the briefing;
                          (ii) identification of the technical 
                      deficiencies that have been discovered, but not 
                      corrected, as of such date;
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  an estimate of the 
                      total cost of correcting technical deficiencies 
                      under the program; and
                          (iv) an explanation of any significant 
                      deviations from the testing and program schedule 
                      that are anticipated due to the discovery and 
                      correction of technical deficiencies.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1239]]

SEC. 133. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VH-92A 
                        HELICOPTER.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for procurement for 
the VH-92A helicopter, not more than 80 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the date on which the Secretary of Navy submits to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives the report required under subsection (b).
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Report Required.--The Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report assessing the status of the VH-92A 
helicopter program industrial base and the potential impact of proposed 
manufacturing base changes on the acquisition program. The 
report <<NOTE: Estimates.>>  shall include a description of--
            (1) estimated effects on the manufacturing readiness level 
        of the VH-92 program due to potential changes to the program 
        manufacturing base;
            (2) the estimated costs and assessment of cost risk to the 
        program due to potential changes to the program manufacturing 
        base;
            (3) any estimated schedule impacts, including impacts on 
        delivery dates for the remaining low-rate initial production 
        lots and full rate production, resulting from any changes to the 
        manufacturing base;
            (4) an assessment of the effect of changes to the 
        manufacturing base on VH-92A sustainment; and
            (5) the impact of such changes on production and sustainment 
        capacity for the MH-60 and CH-53K helicopters of the Navy.
SEC. 134. REPORT ON CARRIER WING AND AVIATION COMBAT ELEMENT 
                        COMPOSITION.

    (a) In General.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the optimal composition of the carrier air wing (CVW) on aircraft 
carriers and aviation combat element (ACE) embarked on amphibious ships 
in 2030 and 2040, including alternative force design concepts.
    (b) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The report required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following elements for the CVW and ACE:
            (1) Analysis and justification for the Department of the 
        Navy's stated goal of a 50/50 mix of 4th and 5th generation 
        aircraft for 2030.
            (2) Analysis and justification for an optimal mix of 
        aircraft for 2040.
            (3) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan for incorporating unmanned 
        aerial vehicles and associated communication capabilities to 
        effectively implement the future force design.
            (4) Analysis of the support equipment requirement for each 
        aircraft type and the space needed to accommodate such 
        equipment.
            (5) A description of existing and potential ship designs or 
        design changes that would enable greater commonality and 
        interoperability of embarked naval aircraft, including aircraft 
        arresting gear and launch catapults.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1240]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2020, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall provide the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the report required under subsection (a).

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENT TO PRESERVE CERTAIN C-5 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    Section 141(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1661) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``until the date that is 
        30 days after the date on which the briefing under section 
        144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2018 is provided to the congressional defense committees'' and 
        inserting ``until the date that is 30 days after the date on 
        which the final report and briefing required under section 
        1712(c)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2020 have each been provided to the congressional defense 
        committees''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking ``can be returned to 
        service'' and inserting ``is inducted into or maintained in type 
        1000 recallable storage''.
SEC. 142. OC-135B AIRCRAFT RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that any request for 
proposals for the procurement of an OC-135B aircraft under a 
recapitalization program for such aircraft meets the requirements for 
full and open competition as set forth in section 2304 of title 10, 
United States Code, and includes, as part of such request for proposals, 
consideration of proposals for the provision of new production aircraft 
and recently manufactured aircraft.
SEC. 143. REQUIREMENT TO ALIGN AIR FORCE AVIATION FORCE STRUCTURE 
                        WITH NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Required Submission of Strategy.--Not later 
than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an aviation force structure acquisition 
strategy that aligns with the stated capability and capacity 
requirements of the Department of the Air Force to meet the National 
Defense Strategy.

    (b) <<NOTE: Waivers.>>  Alignment With Strategy.--The Secretary of 
the Air Force may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
subsection (a) until--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  the Secretary receives a waiver 
        from the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Chairman 
        of the Joint Chiefs of Staff; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Documentation.>>  the Secretary of Defense 
        provides the congressional defense committees with the waiver 
        approval documentation.
SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REDUCTION IN 
                        KC-10 PRIMARY MISSION AIRCRAFT INVENTORY.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-10 aircraft in the 
primary mission aircraft inventory of the Air Force.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1241]]

SEC. 145. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-15EX AIRCRAFT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period. Reports. Strategies.>>  Limitation.--Except 
as provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to procure any F-
15EX aircraft, other than the first two prototypes of such aircraft, 
until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the following topics relating to the F-15EX 
program:
            (1) Acquisition strategy.
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimates.>>  Cost and schedule estimates.
            (3) Test and evaluation strategy.
            (4) Logistics strategy.
            (5) Post-production fielding strategy.

    (b) Exception for Long-lead Items.--
            (1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of the Air Force may use the funds described in 
        paragraph (2) to procure long-lead items for up to six 
        additional F-15EX aircraft beyond the first two prototypes of 
        such aircraft.
            (2) Funds described.--The funds described in this paragraph 
        are funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
        made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force for any of 
        the following:
                    (A) Research and development, nonrecurring 
                engineering.
                    (B) Aircraft procurement.

    (c) F-15EX Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-15EX 
program'' means the F-15EX aircraft program of the Air Force as 
described in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
Defense in support of the budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 
(as submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 21, United 
States Code).
SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period. Notification.>>  Limitation.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 or any subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to carry out over and above work on the VC-25B aircraft until a 
period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary 
of the Air Force notifies the congressional defense committees of the 
intent of the Secretary to authorize such work.

    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) shall not apply 
to over and above work carried out--
            (1) to repair or replace items damaged during the testing of 
        the VC-25B aircraft; or
            (2) to make changes necessary to meet operational 
        requirements.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``operational requirements'' means any of the 
        operational requirements for the VC-25B aircraft described in 
        the capability development document or the system requirements 
        document for the Presidential Aircraft Recapitalization Program.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1242]]

            (2) The term ``over and above work'' means work performed 
        pursuant to line 0012 (CLIN 0012) of the contract for 
        Presidential Aircraft Recapitalization entered into between the 
        Department of the Air Force and the Boeing Company (contract 
        number FA8625-16-C-6599).
SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RC-26B AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or backup inventory status, any RC-26B aircraft until 
the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) the report required under subsection (c); and
            (2) the certification required under subsection (d).

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The limitation in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to individual RC-26B aircraft that the 
Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
longer mission capable because of mishaps or other damage.

    (c) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that includes the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Survey.>>  A survey of any requirements for the 
        Air Force to provide intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance support to other military forces and civil 
        authorities that the Air Force and the Air National Guard meet 
        using the RC-26B aircraft.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the extent to 
        which such requirements are appropriate for the Air Force to 
        fulfill.
            (3) The manner in which the Secretary would meet such 
        requirements if the RC-26B aircraft were to be retired.
            (4) A comparison of costs and effectiveness of alternative 
        means of providing intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance support to other military forces and civil 
        authorities.
            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the utility of 
        entering into one or more memoranda of agreement with other 
        military forces and civil authorities to govern the process for 
        providing intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support 
        to those forces and authorities.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Certification Required.--Not later than 60 
days after the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force submits the 
report required under subsection (c), the Secretary shall certify to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) whether there are requirements for the Air Force to 
        provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support 
        to other military forces and civil authorities that the Air 
        Force meets using the RC-26B aircraft; and
            (2) whether the Secretary has identified methods of meeting 
        such requirements that are more effective and more efficient 
        than meeting such requirements through the use of the RC-26B 
        aircraft.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1243]]

SEC. 148. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF 
                        RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period. Certification.>>  Limitation.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to retire, or 
prepare to retire, any RC-135 aircraft until a period of 60 days has 
elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of Defense certifies 
to the congressional defense committees that--
            (1) technologies other than the RC-135 aircraft provide 
        capacity and capabilities equivalent to the capacity and 
        capabilities of the RC-135 aircraft; and
            (2) the capacity and capabilities of such other technologies 
        meet the requirements of combatant commanders with respect to 
        indications and warning, intelligence preparation of the 
        operational environment, and direct support for kinetic and 
        nonkinetic operations.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The limitation in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to individual RC-135 aircraft that the 
Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
longer mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or being 
uneconomical to repair.
SEC. 149. AIR FORCE AGGRESSOR SQUADRON MODERNIZATION.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) it is critical that the Air Force has the capability to 
        train against an advanced air adversary in order to be prepared 
        for conflicts against a modern enemy force, and that in order to 
        have this capability, the Air Force must have access to an 
        advanced adversary force prior to United States adversaries 
        fielding a 5th-generation operational capability; and
            (2) the Air Force's plan to use low-rate initial production 
        F-35As as aggressor aircraft reflects a recognition of the need 
        to field a modernized aggressor fleet.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  In general.--The Secretary of the Air 
        Force may not transfer any low-rate initial production F-35 
        aircraft for use as aggressor aircraft until the Chief of Staff 
        of the Air Force submits to the congressional defense committees 
        a comprehensive plan and report on the strategy for modernizing 
        its organic aggressor fleet.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The report required 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) Potential locations for F-35A aggressor 
                aircraft, including an analysis of installations that--
                          (i) have the size and availability of airspace 
                      necessary to meet flying operations requirements;
                          (ii) have sufficient capacity and availability 
                      of range space;
                          (iii) are capable of hosting advanced-threat 
                      training exercises; and
                          (iv) meet or require minimal addition to the 
                      environmental requirements associated with the 
                      basing action.
                    (B) An analysis of the potential cost and benefits 
                of expanding aggressor squadrons currently operating 18 
                Primary Assigned Aircraft (PAA) to a level of 24 PAA 
                each.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1244]]

                    (C) An analysis of the cost and timelines associated 
                with modernizing the current Air Force aggressor 
                squadrons to include upgrading aircraft radar, infrared 
                search-and-track systems, radar warning receiver, 
                tactical datalink, threat-representative jamming pods, 
                and other upgrades necessary to provide a realistic 
                advanced adversary threat.
SEC. 150. AIR FORCE PLAN FOR COMBAT RESCUE HELICOPTER FIELDING.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that, given 
delays to Operational Loss Replacement (OLR) program fielding and the 
on-time fielding of Combat Rescue Helicopter (CRH), the Air National 
Guard should retain additional HH-60G helicopters at Air National Guard 
locations to meet their recommended primary aircraft authorized (PAA) 
per the Air Force's June 2018 report on Air National Guard HH-60 
requirements.
    (b) Report on Fielding Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on its 
        fielding plan for the CRH program.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the differences in capabilities 
                between the HH-60G, OLR, and CRH helicopters.
                    (B) A description of the costs and risks associated 
                with changing the CRH fielding plan to reduce or 
                eliminate inventory shortfalls.
                    (C) A description of the measures for accelerating 
                the program available within the current contract.
                    (D) A description of the operational risks and 
                benefits associated with fielding the CRH to the active 
                component first, including--
                          (i) how the differing fielding plan may affect 
                      deployment schedules;
                          (ii) what capabilities active-component units 
                      deploying with the CRH will have that reserve 
                      component units deploying with OLR will not; and
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of the 
                      potential costs and benefits that could result 
                      from accelerating CRH fielding to all units 
                      through additional funding in the future years 
                      defense program.

    (c) Report on Training Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 45 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        plan to sustain training for initial-entry reserve component HH-
        60G pilots once the active component of the Air Force has 
        received all of its CRH helicopters.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) Projected reserve component aircrew initial HH-
                60G/OLR qualification training requirements, by year.
                    (B) The number of legacy HH-60G/OLR helicopters 
                required to continue providing initial HH-60G 
                qualification

[[Page 133 STAT. 1245]]

                training through the 150th Special Operations Wing at 
                Kirtland Air Force Base.
                    (C) The number of personnel required to continue 
                providing initial HH-60G/OLR qualification training 
                through the 150th Special Operations Wing at Kirtland 
                Air Force Base.
                    (D) The number of flying hours required per pilot to 
                perform ``differences training'' at home station for 
                initial entry HH-60 pilots receiving CRH training at 
                Kirtland Air Force Base to become qualified in the HH-
                60G/OLR at their home station.
                    (E) The projected effect of using local flying 
                training hours at reserve component units on overall 
                unit training readiness and ability to meet Ready 
                Aircrew Program requirements.
SEC. 151. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF MULTIYEAR CONTRACT FOR 
                        PROCUREMENT OF JASSM-ER MISSILES.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 31, 2020, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall submit a report to the congressional defense committees 
assessing the feasibility of entering into a multiyear contract for 
procurement of JASSM-ER missiles starting in fiscal year 2022.
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
            (1) An initial assessment of cost savings to the Air Force 
        from a multiyear contract.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of at least two 
        different multiyear contract options that vary in either 
        duration or quantity, at least one of which assumes a maximum 
        procurement of 550 missiles per year for 5 years.
            (3) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
        the industrial base.
            (4) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
        the Long Range Anti-Ship Missile.
            (5) An assessment of how a multiyear contract will impact 
        the ability of the Air Force to develop additional capabilities 
        for the JASSM-ER missile.
SEC. 152. REPORT ON AIRCRAFT FLEET OF THE CIVIL AIR PATROL.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the aircraft fleet of the 
Civil Air Patrol.
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall include an assessment of each of the following:
            (1) Whether the number of aircraft, types of aircraft, and 
        operating locations that comprise the Civil Air Patrol fleet are 
        suitable for the missions and responsibilities assigned to the 
        Civil Air Patrol, including--
                    (A) flight proficiency and training;
                    (B) operational mission training; and
                    (C) support for cadet orientation and cadet flight 
                training programs in the Civil Air Patrol wing of each 
                State.
            (2) The ideal overall size of the Civil Air Patrol aircraft 
        fleet, including a description of the factors used to determine 
        that ideal size.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1246]]

            (3) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol and the Air 
        Force to determine the number and location of aircraft operating 
        locations and whether State Civil Air Patrol wing commanders are 
        appropriately involved in that process.
            (4) The process used by the Civil Air Patrol, the Air Force, 
        and other relevant entities to determine the type and number of 
        aircraft that are needed to support the emergency, operational, 
        and training missions of the Civil Air Patrol.
SEC. 153. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT 
                        INITIATIVE OF THE AIR FORCE.

    It is the sense of the Congress that--
            (1) The United States Special Operations Command has a 
        mission requirement to support foreign internal defense training 
        and a light attack aircraft platform could potentially 
        facilitate meeting that requirement.
            (2) The Secretary of the Air Force should coordinate with 
        the Commander of the United States Special Operations Command to 
        assess how general purpose forces and special operations forces 
        can leverage the light attack aircraft phase three 
        experimentation activities of the Air Force.
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, in coordination with the 
        Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, 
        should explore options for coordinating light attack aircraft 
        experiment activities between general purpose forces and special 
        operations forces to maximize efficiency and effectiveness and 
        to further the mission requirements of both forces, including 
        options to transfer a portion of funds authorized for Air Force 
        light attack aircraft experiments to procure aircraft for 
        supporting the combat air advisor mission of the Special 
        Operations Command.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 161. ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AND BUY-TO-BUDGET 
                        ACQUISITION FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Economic Order Quantity Contract Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraphs (2) through (4), from 
        amounts made available for obligation under the F-35 aircraft 
        program, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more 
        contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 2020 program year, for 
        the procurement of economic order quantities of material and 
        equipment that has completed formal hardware qualification 
        testing for the F-35 aircraft program for use in procurement 
        contracts to be awarded for such program during fiscal years 
        2021, 2022, and 2023.
            (2) Limitation.--The total amount obligated under all 
        contracts entered into under paragraph (1) shall not exceed 
        $574,000,000.
            (3) Preliminary findings.--Before entering into a contract 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall make each of 
        the following findings with respect to such contract:
                    (A) The use of such a contract will result in 
                significant savings of the total anticipated costs of 
                carrying out the program through annual contracts.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1247]]

                    (B) The minimum need for the property to be procured 
                is expected to remain substantially unchanged during the 
                contemplated contract period in terms of production 
                rate, procurement rate, and total quantities.
                    (C) There is a reasonable expectation that, 
                throughout the contemplated contract period, the 
                Secretary will request funding for the contract at the 
                level required to avoid contract cancellation.
                    (D) That there is a stable, certified, and qualified 
                design for the property to be procured and that the 
                technical risks and redesign risks associated with such 
                property are low.
                    (E) The estimates of both the cost of the contract 
                and the anticipated cost avoidance through the use of an 
                economic order quantity contract are realistic.
                    (F) Entering into the contract will promote the 
                national security interests of the United States.
            (4) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Certification requirement.--The 
        Secretary of Defense may not enter into a contract under 
        paragraph (1) until a period of 30 days has elapsed following 
        the date on which the Secretary certifies to the congressional 
        defense committees, in writing, that each of the following 
        conditions is satisfied:
                    (A) A sufficient number of end items of the system 
                being acquired under such contract have been delivered 
                at or within the most recently available estimates of 
                the program acquisition unit cost or procurement unit 
                cost for such system to determine that the estimates of 
                the unit costs are realistic.
                    (B) During the fiscal year in which such contract is 
                to be awarded, sufficient funds will be available to 
                perform the contract in such fiscal year, and the 
                future-years defense program submitted to Congress under 
                section 221 of title 10, United States Code, for that 
                fiscal year will include the funding required to execute 
                the program without cancellation.
                    (C) The contract is a fixed-price type contract.
                    (D) The proposed contract provides for production at 
                not less than minimum economic rates given the existing 
                tooling and facilities.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary has 
                determined that each of the conditions described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (F) of paragraph (3) will be 
                met by such contract and has provided the basis for such 
                determination to the congressional defense committees.

    (b) Buy-to-budget Acquisition.--Subject to section 2308 of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may procure a quantity of 
F-35 aircraft in excess of the quantity authorized by this Act.
SEC. 162. RELIEF FROM CONTRACTORS FOR FAILURE TO DELIVER READY-
                        FOR-ISSUE SPARE PARTS FOR THE F-35 
                        AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Requirement to Seek Relief.--Consistent with the findings and 
recommendations of the Inspector General of the Department of Defense in 
the report titled ``Audit of F-35 Ready-For-Issue Spare Parts and 
Sustainment Performance Incentive

[[Page 133 STAT. 1248]]

Fees'' (DODIG-2019-094) and dated June 13, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall seek relief, as described in subsection (b), from prime 
contractors that delivered noncompliant ready-for-issue spare parts 
pursuant a contract under the F-35 aircraft program.
    (b) Relief Described.--The relief sought by the Secretary of Defense 
under subsection (a) may include the following: 
            (1) Specific performance.
            (2) Compensation for costs incurred by the Department of 
        Defense as a result of the contractor's failure to deliver 
        compliant ready-for-issue spare parts under the contract.
            (3) Any other form of remediation or compensation the 
        Secretary determines to be appropriate.

    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed--
            (1) to alter the terms of a contract under the F-35 aircraft 
        program; or
            (2) to authorize the Secretary of Defense to seek forms of 
        relief beyond those otherwise available under law.
SEC. 163. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR REALLOCATION OF 
                        TURKISH F-35A AIRCRAFT TO THE UNITED 
                        STATES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period. Certification.>>  Limitation.--None of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to procure a covered F-35A aircraft for the United States Air 
Force until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which 
the Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that--
            (1) ancillary mission equipment, initial spare parts and 
        materials, technical data, and publications will be procured for 
        each covered F-35A aircraft delivered to the Air Force; and
            (2) each such aircraft will be delivered to the Air Force in 
        a common configuration that may be operated and integrated 
        within the fleet of F-35A aircraft of the Air Force.

    (b) Covered F-35A Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered F-35A aircraft'' means an F-35A aircraft previously procured 
by or on behalf of the Government of the Republic of Turkey in F-35 
production lot 12, 13, or 14.
SEC. 164. REQUIREMENT TO ESTABLISH THE USE OF AN AGILE DEVOPS 
                        SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT SOLUTION AS AN 
                        ALTERNATIVE FOR JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER 
                        AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION SYSTEM.

    (a) Competitive Analysis.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a 
competitive analysis of the performance and design architecture 
enhancement efforts between the currently fielded Autonomic logistics 
Information System, Autonomic Logistics Information System-Next, and the 
Department of the Air Force Agile Development Operations Madhatter 
initiative efforts, including system technology transition opportunities 
and timelines.
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than September 30, 
2020, the Secretary of Defense shall provide the congressional defense 
committees a briefing on the findings of the competitive analysis 
carried out under subsection (a).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1249]]

SEC. 165. F-35 SUSTAINMENT COST.

    (a) Quarterly Update.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall include in the quarterly report 
required under section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232)--
            (1) <<NOTE: Data.>>  sustainment cost data related to the F-
        35 program, including a comparison in itemized format of the 
        cost of legacy aircraft and the cost of the F-35 program, based 
        on a standardized set of criteria; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  an evaluation and metrics on the 
        extent to which the goals developed pursuant to subsection (b) 
        are being achieved.

    (b) Cost Reduction Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall develop and implement a plan 
        for achieving significant reductions in the costs to operate, 
        maintain, and sustain the F-35 system.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) Specific changes in the management and execution 
                of operation and support (O&S) cost elements to engender 
                continuous and measurable process improvements.
                    (B) Specific actions the Department will implement 
                in the near, mid, and long terms to reduce O&S costs.
                    (C) Firm and achievable timelines for implementing 
                the specific actions and process changes.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the baseline plan 
        developed pursuant to paragraph (1).
SEC. 166. <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  REPORTS ON THE PROGRESS AND 
                        PERFORMANCE OF THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) F-35 Block 4 and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery 
Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall include with the annual report 
required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2059) an integrated 
master schedule and past performance assessment for each planned phase 
of the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
Delivery Program.
    (b) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Annual report required.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date on which the budget of the President is submitted to 
        Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
        for each of fiscal years 2021 through 2025, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the F-35 aircraft program.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to the F-35 aircraft program, the 
        following:
                    (A) An assessment of the progress of manufacturing 
                processes improvement under the program.
                    (B) The progress and results of the F-35 Block 4 
                Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
                Delivery Program and other follow-on modernization 
                development and testing efforts.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1250]]

                    (C) An assessment of the Department's schedule for 
                delivering software upgrades in six-month, scheduled 
                increments.
                    (D) The progress and results of any other 
                significant hardware development and fielding efforts 
                necessary for the F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous 
                Capability Development and Delivery Program.
                    (E) Any other issues the Comptroller General 
                determines to be appropriate.

    (c) F-35 Block 4 Defined.--In this section, the term ``F-35 Block 4 
Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery Program'' 
means Block 4 capability upgrades for the F-35 aircraft program as 
described in the Selected Acquisition Report for the program submitted 
to Congress in March 2019, pursuant to section 2432 of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 167. OTHER REPORTS ON THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on F-35 Reliability and Maintainability Metrics.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the reliability and maintainability metrics for 
the F-35 aircraft. The report shall include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Review. Assessment.>>  The results of a review 
        and assessment, conducted by the program office for the F-35 
        aircraft program, of the reliability and maintainability metrics 
        for the aircraft as set forth in the most recent operational 
        requirements document for the program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  A determination of whether the 
        reliability and maintainability metrics for the aircraft, as set 
        forth in the most recent operational requirements document for 
        the program, are feasible and attainable, and what changes, if 
        any, will be made to update the metrics.
            (3) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  A certification that the 
        program office for the F-35 aircraft program has revised the 
        reliability and maintainability improvement plan for the 
        aircraft--
                    (A) to identify specific and measurable reliability 
                and maintainability objectives in the improvement plan 
                guidance; and
                    (B) to identify and document which projects included 
                in the improvement plan will achieve the objectives 
                identified under subparagraph (A).

    (b) Report on F-35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability 
Development and Delivery Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report on the F-35 Block 
        4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and Delivery 
        Program. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  The results of the 
                independent cost estimate for the Program conducted by 
                the Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  An approved test and evaluation 
                master plan that addresses the adequacy of testing 
                resources, testing aircraft shortfalls, and testing 
                funding.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Review.>>  A review of the feasibility 
                and schedule of the continuous capability development 
                and delivery strategy for fielding technologies under 
                the Program as conducted

[[Page 133 STAT. 1251]]

                by the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
            (2) F-35 block 4 defined.--In this subsection, the term ``F-
        35 Block 4 Upgrade and Continuous Capability Development and 
        Delivery Program'' has the meaning given that term in section 
        166.

    (c) Report on F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information System.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the autonomic logistics information system of the 
F-35 aircraft. The report shall include a description of each of the 
following:
            (1) All shortfalls, capability gaps, and deficiencies in the 
        system that have been identified as of the date of the enactment 
        of this Act.
            (2) <<NOTE: Requirements.>>  The strategy and performance 
        requirements that will be implemented to improve the system.
            (3) <<NOTE: Implementation plan. Cost estimates.>>  The 
        strategy, implementation plan, schedule, and estimated costs of 
        developing and fielding--
                    (A) the next generation of the system; or
                    (B) future increments of the system.

    (d) F-35 Life-cycle Cost Estimates.--
            (1) Joint cost estimate.--The Secretary of the Air Force and 
        the Secretary of the Navy shall jointly develop a joint service 
        cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft 
        program.
            (2) Independent cost estimate.--The Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation shall develop an independent 
        cost estimate for the life-cycle costs of the F-35 aircraft 
        program.

    (e) Deadline for Submittal.--The reports required under subsections 
(a) through (d) shall be submitted to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.
SEC. 168. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR COMMUNICATIONS 
                        SYSTEMS LACKING CERTAIN RESILIENCY 
                        FEATURES.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided under subsection (b), none of 
the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Department of Defense may be 
obligated or expended for the procurement of a current or future 
Department of Defense communications program of record, and the 
Department may not otherwise procure a current or future communications 
program of record, unless the communications equipment--
            (1) mitigates geolocation of a transmission that would allow 
        a like echelon enemy force to target the user;
            (2) securely communicates classified information in a 
        contested communications environment that includes operationally 
        representative jamming;
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  reduces, within two years of 
        continued development and upgrades, electronic signature and 
        susceptibility to geolocation by using low probability of 
        intercept/detect (LPI/LPD) waveforms, or other capability that 
        would provide the same resiliency on the battlefield; and
            (4) utilizes a waveform that is either made available 
        through the Department of Defense Waveform Information

[[Page 133 STAT. 1252]]

        Repository, or is a commercial off the shelf (COTS) waveform 
        available for government licensing with waveform analysis 
        through the Joint Tactical Networking Center (JTNC) Tactical 
        Communications Marketplace.

    (b) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Waiver.--The Secretary of a military 
department may waive the requirement under subsection (a) with respect 
to a communications system upon certifying to the congressional defense 
committees that the system's intended use is not for contested 
environments or will meet the requirement when operated as a component 
of an integrated network.
SEC. 169. REPEAL OF TACTICAL UNMANNED VEHICLE COMMON DATA LINK 
                        REQUIREMENT.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2020, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        status of the Common Data Link program and plans to meet new and 
        emerging manned and unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance (ISR) vehicle secure and interoperable 
        communication requirements.
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of each Common Data Link (CDL) 
                waveform in use and which platforms or systems utilize 
                each CDL waveform.
                    (B) <<NOTE: List. Assessment.>>  A list of manned 
                and unmanned ISR platforms or systems in development 
                requiring networked, secure, low latency communications, 
                and an assessment of the suitability of CDL to meet the 
                requirements of each planned program.
                    (C) A description of in-progress or planned 
                technology development efforts to address networking 
                requirements for manned and unmanned ISR systems 
                operating in contested and denied environments.

    (b) Repeal.--Section 157 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1667) is hereby 
repealed.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
           of Armed Forces for careers in science, technology, 
           engineering, and mathematics.
Sec. 212. Updates to the Department of Defense personnel management 
           authority to attract experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 213. Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the Defense 
           Innovation Unit.
Sec. 214. Research and educational programs and activities for 
           Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Minority-
           Serving Institutions of Higher Education.
Sec. 215. Modification of authority for prizes for advanced technology 
           achievements.
Sec. 216. Joint hypersonics transition office.
Sec. 217. Modification of proof of concept commercialization program.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1253]]

Sec. 218. Modification of authority and addition of technology areas for 
           expedited access to technical talent.
Sec. 219. Expansion of coordination in support of national security 
           innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 220. Modification of defense quantum information science and 
           technology research and development program.
Sec. 221. Understanding of investments in artificial intelligence and 
           development of capabilities by adversaries.
Sec. 222. Advisory role of JASON scientific advisory group.
Sec. 223. Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon Removal Technology Program.
Sec. 224. Requiring defense microelectronics products and services meet 
           trusted supply chain and operational security standards.
Sec. 225. Development and acquisition strategy to procure secure, low 
           probability of detection data link network capability.
Sec. 226. Establishment of secure next-generation wireless network (5G) 
           infrastructure for the Nevada Test and Training Range and 
           base infrastructure.
Sec. 227. Administration of manufacturing innovation institutes funded 
           by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 228. Research program on foreign malign influence operations.
Sec. 229. Diversification of the research and engineering workforce of 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 230. Policy on the talent management of digital expertise and 
           software professionals.
Sec. 231. Digital engineering capability to automate testing and 
           evaluation.
Sec. 232. Process to align policy formulation and emerging technology 
           development.
Sec. 233. Improvement of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 234. Pilot program on enhanced civics education.
Sec. 235. Technology and national security fellowship.
Sec. 236. Documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management 
           System.
Sec. 237. Sensor data integration for fifth generation aircraft.
Sec. 238. Sense of Congress on future vertical lift technologies.
Sec. 239. Use of funds for Strategic Environmental Research Program, 
           Environmental Security Technical Certification Program, and 
           Operational Energy Capability Improvement.
Sec. 240. Limitation and report on Indirect Fire Protection Capability 
           Increment 2 capability.

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 251. Master plan for implementation of authorities relating to 
           science and technology reinvention laboratories.
Sec. 252. Infrastructure to support research, development, test, and 
           evaluation missions.
Sec. 253. Energetics plan.
Sec. 254. Strategy and implementation plan for fifth generation 
           information and communications technologies.
Sec. 255. Department-wide software science and technology strategy.
Sec. 256. Artificial intelligence education strategy.
Sec. 257. Cyber science and technology activities roadmap and reports.
Sec. 258. Report on B-52 commercial engine replacement program.
Sec. 259. Commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
           Department of Defense warfighting systems.
Sec. 260. Biannual report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
Sec. 261. Quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle 
           program.
Sec. 262. National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
           Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions.
Sec. 263. Study on national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 264. Independent study on optimizing resources allocated to 
           Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office.
Sec. 265. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
           programs.
Sec. 266. Technical correction to Global Research Watch Program.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1254]]

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. PROGRAM ON ENHANCEMENT OF PREPARATION OF DEPENDENTS OF 
                        MEMBERS OF ARMED FORCES FOR CAREERS IN 
                        SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND 
                        MATHEMATICS.

    (a) Program Required.--Chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 2192a the following new section:
``Sec. 2192b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2192b.>>  Program on enhancement of 
                    preparation of dependents of members of armed 
                    forces for careers in science, technology, 
                    engineering, and mathematics

    ``(a) Program Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to--
            ``(1) enhance the preparation of students at covered schools 
        for careers in science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics; and
            ``(2) provide assistance to teachers at covered schools to 
        enhance preparation described in paragraph (1).

    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out the program, the Secretary 
shall coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            ``(2) The Secretary of Education.
            ``(3) The National Science Foundation.
            ``(4) Other organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate.

    ``(c) Activities.--Activities under the program may include the 
following:
            ``(1) Establishment of targeted internships and cooperative 
        research opportunities at defense laboratories and other 
        technical centers for students and teachers at covered schools.
            ``(2) Establishment of scholarships and fellowships for 
        students at covered schools.
            ``(3) Efforts and activities that improve the quality of 
        science, technology, engineering, and mathematics educational 
        and training opportunities for students and teachers at covered 
        schools, including with respect to improving the development of 
        curricula at covered schools.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal science education for students 
        and teachers at covered schools.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1255]]

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Assessments. Evaluation.>>  Metrics.--The Secretary 
shall establish outcome-based metrics and internal and external 
assessments to evaluate the merits and benefits of activities conducted 
under the program with respect to the needs of the Department of 
Defense.

    ``(e) Covered Schools Defined.--In this section, the term `covered 
schools' means elementary or secondary schools at which the Secretary 
determines a significant number of dependents of members of the armed 
forces are enrolled.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2191 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 2192a the following new item:

``2192b. Program on enhancement of preparation of dependents of members 
           of armed forces for careers in science, technology, 
           engineering, and mathematics.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 233 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. 
``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
(Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2193a note) is repealed.
SEC. 212. UPDATES TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL 
                        MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY TO ATTRACT EXPERTS IN 
                        SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 1599h of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(6) Joint artificial intelligence center.--The Director of 
        the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center may carry out a program 
        of personnel management authority provided in subsection (b) in 
        order to facilitate recruitment of eminent experts in science or 
        engineering for the Center. <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  The 
        authority to carry out the program under this paragraph shall 
        terminate on December 31, 2024.''.

    (b) Scope of Appointment Authority.--Subsection (b)(1) of such 
section is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (E), by adding ``and'' at the end; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) in the case of the Joint Artificial 
                Intelligence Center, appoint scientists and engineers to 
                a total of not more than 5 scientific and engineering 
                positions in the Center;''.

    (c) Extension of Terms of Appointment.--Subsection (c)(2) of such 
section is amended by striking ``or the Defense Innovation Unit 
Experimental'' and inserting ``the Defense Innovation Unit, or the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center''.
    (d) Update to Organizational Name.--Such section is further 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(5)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading by striking ``DIUX'' 
                and inserting ``DIU''; and
                    (B) by striking ``Experimental''; and
            (2) in subsection (b)(1)(E), by striking ``Experimental''.
SEC. 213. ESTABLISHMENT OF JOINT RESERVE DETACHMENT OF THE DEFENSE 
                        INNOVATION UNIT.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Establishment of joint reserve detachment of the defense 
        innovation unit.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United

[[Page 133 STAT. 1256]]

        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2358a the 
        following new section:
``Sec. 2358b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358b.>>  Joint reserve detachment of 
                    the Defense Innovation Unit

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Establishment.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, may establish a joint reserve detachment (referred to in 
this section as the `Detachment') composed of members of the reserve 
components described in subsection (b) to be assigned to each office of 
the Defense Innovation Unit to--
            ``(1) support engagement and collaboration with private-
        sector industry and the community surrounding the location of 
        such office; and
            ``(2) to accelerate the use and adoption of commercially-
        developed technologies for national security purposes.

    ``(b) Members.--Each Secretary of a military department shall select 
for the Detachment, and make efforts to retain, members of the reserve 
components who possess relevant private-sector experience in the fields 
of business, acquisition, intelligence, engineering, technology 
transfer, science, mathematics, program management, logistics, 
cybersecurity, or such other fields as determined by the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    ``(c) Duties.--The Detachment shall have the following duties:
            ``(1) Providing the Department of Defense with--
                    ``(A) expertise on and analysis of commercially-
                developed technologies;
                    ``(B) commercially-developed technologies to be used 
                as alternatives for technologies in use by the 
                Department; and
                    ``(C) opportunities for greater engagement and 
                collaboration between the Department and private-sector 
                industry on innovative technologies.
            ``(2) On an ongoing basis--
                    ``(A) partnering with the military departments, the 
                combatant commands, and other Department of Defense 
                organizations to--
                          ``(i) identify and rapidly prototype 
                      commercially-developed technologies; and
                          ``(ii) use alternative contracting mechanisms 
                      to procure such technologies;
                    ``(B) increasing awareness of--
                          ``(i) the work of the Defense Innovation Unit; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) the technology requirements of the 
                      Department of Defense as identified in the 
                      National Defense Science and Technology Strategy 
                      developed under section 218 of the John S. McCain 
                      National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                      2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679); and
                    ``(C) using the investment in research and 
                development made by private-sector industry in assessing 
                and developing dual-use technologies.
            ``(3) Carrying out other activities as directed by the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.

    ``(d) Joint Duty.--Assignment to a Detachment shall not qualify as a 
joint duty assignment, as defined in section 668(b)(1)

[[Page 133 STAT. 1257]]

of title 10, United States Code, unless approved by the Secretary of 
Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 prec.>>  is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2358a 
        the following new item:

``2358b. Joint reserve detachment of the Defense Innovation Unit.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Implementation Report.--Not later than 
120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with 
the Director of the Defense Innovation Unit and the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes--
            (1) <<NOTE: Organizational plan. Cost estimates.>>  an 
        organizational plan and the estimated costs for establishing the 
        joint reserve detachment required under section 2358b of title 
        10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a timeline specifying when such 
        detachment will attain initial operational capability and full 
        operational capability, respectively.
SEC. 214. RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES FOR 
                        HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND 
                        UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY-SERVING 
                        INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION.

    Section 2362 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense may develop incentives 
to encourage research and educational collaborations between covered 
educational institutions and other institutions of higher education.''.
SEC. 215. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR PRIZES FOR ADVANCED 
                        TECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS.

    Section 2374a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' 
and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment,''.
SEC. 216. JOINT HYPERSONICS TRANSITION OFFICE.

    Section 218 of the John Warner National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``the program required 
        under subsection (b), and shall'' and inserting ``the program 
        and activities described in subsections (b) through (f), and 
        shall'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (c) through (e) as 
        subsections (d) through (f), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) University Expertise.--
            ``(1) Arrangement with institutions of higher education.--
        Using the authority specified in section 217 of the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1258]]

        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public 
        Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) or another similar authority, 
        the Office shall seek to enter into an arrangement with one or 
        more institutions of higher education (as defined in section 101 
        of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) under 
        which such institutions may provide the Office with--
                    ``(A) access to research, technology development, 
                and workforce development expertise to support the 
                mission of the Office; and
                    ``(B) foundational and applied hypersonic research, 
                development, and workforce support in areas that the 
                Office determines to be relevant for the Department of 
                Defense.
            ``(2) Availability of information.--The Office shall ensure 
        that the results of any research and reports produced pursuant 
        to an arrangement under paragraph (1) are made available to the 
        Federal Government, the private sector, academia, and 
        international partners consistent with appropriate security 
        classification guidance.'';
            (4) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking the comma before 
                the period; and
                    (B) in paragraph (5), by striking ``certified under 
                subsection (e) as being consistent with the roadmap 
                under subsection (d)'' and inserting ``certified under 
                subsection (f) as being consistent with the roadmap 
                under subsection (e)'';
            (5) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, by adding at the 
        end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) Submittal to congress.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Initial submission.--Not 
                later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this paragraph, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
                the congressional defense committees the most recent 
                roadmap developed under paragraph (1).
                    ``(B) Subsequent submissions.--The Secretary of 
                Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
                committees each roadmap revised under paragraph (1) 
                together with the budget submitted to Congress under 
                section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, for the 
                fiscal year concerned.''; and
            (6) in subsection (f), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (d)'' each place it 
                appears and inserting ``subsection (e)''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``2016'' and 
                inserting ``2026''.
SEC. 217. MODIFICATION OF PROOF OF CONCEPT COMMERCIALIZATION 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Program.--Section 1603(g) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
2359 note) is amended by striking ``2019'' and inserting ``2024''.
    (b) Additional Improvements.--Section 1603 of such Act, as amended 
by subsection (a), is further amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by inserting ``of dual-use 
        technology'' after ``commercialization'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1259]]

                    (A) by inserting ``of Dual-Use Technology'' after 
                ``Commercialization''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``with a focus on priority defense 
                technology areas that attract public and private sector 
                funding, as well as private sector investment capital, 
                including from venture capital firms in the United 
                States,'' before ``in accordance'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(4)(A)(iv), by inserting ``, which may 
        include access to venture capital'' after ``award'';
            (4) by striking subsection (d);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (d);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (d), as so redesignated, 
        the following new subsection (e):

    ``(e) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
use the following authorities:
            ``(1) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
        relating to public-private talent exchanges.
            ``(2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
            ``(3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            ``(4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
        Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            ``(5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            ``(6) Section 225 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note).
            ``(7) Section 1711 of such Act (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
        2505 note), relating to a pilot program on strengthening 
        manufacturing in the defense industrial base.
            ``(8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of 
        title 31, United States Code, relating to cooperative research 
        and development agreements.''.
            (7) by striking subsection (f); and
            (8) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (f).
SEC. 218. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY AND ADDITION OF TECHNOLOGY 
                        AREAS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL 
                        TALENT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Modification of Authority.--Subsection 
(a)(1) of section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by 
striking ``The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the 
secretaries of the military departments, establish'' and inserting ``Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall direct the secretaries of the military departments to establish''.

    (b) Additional Technology Areas.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (27) as paragraph (30); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (26) the following new 
        paragraph (27):
            ``(27) Rapid prototyping.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1260]]

            ``(28) Infrastructure resilience.
            ``(29) Hypersonics.''.
SEC. 219. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION IN SUPPORT OF NATIONAL 
                        SECURITY INNOVATION AND ENTREPRENEURIAL 
                        EDUCATION.

    Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(18) The Lab-Embedded Entrepreneurship Programs of the 
        Department of Energy.''.
SEC. 220. MODIFICATION OF DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
                        TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``private sector 
                entities'' and inserting ``private sector and 
                international entities''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (6), by striking ``facilities and 
                infrastructure'' and inserting ``facilities, workforce, 
                and infrastructure'';
            (2) <<NOTE: Consultations.>>  in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``quantum 
                sciences;'' and inserting ``quantum information 
                sciences, including through consultation with--
                    ``(A) the National Quantum Coordination Office;
                    ``(B) the subcommittee on Quantum Information 
                Science of the National Science and Technology Council;
                    ``(C) other organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense;
                    ``(D) other Federal agencies; and
                    ``(E) appropriate private sector organizations;'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (6) and (7), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2), the following 
                new paragraphs:
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  in consultation with the entities 
        listed in paragraph (2), develop plans for--
                    ``(A) the development of the quantum information 
                science and technology workforce;
                    ``(B) enhancing awareness of quantum information 
                science and technology;
                    ``(C) reducing the risk of cybersecurity threats 
                posed by quantum information science technology; and
                    ``(D) development of ethical guidelines for the use 
                of quantum information science technology;
            ``(4) in consultation with the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology and other appropriate Federal entities, 
        develop a quantum information science taxonomy and standards and 
        requirements for quantum information technology;
            ``(5) support efforts to increase the technology readiness 
        level of quantum information science technologies under 
        development in the United States;'';

[[Page 133 STAT. 1261]]

                    (D) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``quantum science'' and inserting ``quantum 
                information science''; and
                    (E) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``for meeting the long-term challenges and 
                achieving the specific technical goals'' and inserting 
                ``for carrying out the program under subsection (a)'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e);
            (4) by inserting afer subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Quantum Information Science Research Centers.--The Secretary 
of each military department may establish or designate a defense 
laboratory or establish activities to engage with appropriate public and 
private sector organizations, including academic organizations, to 
enhance and accelerate the research, development, and deployment of 
quantum information sciences and quantum information science-enabled 
technologies and systems. The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that not 
less than one such laboratory or center is established or designated.''; 
and
            (5) in paragraph (2) of subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                ``information'' before ``sciences'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B),
                          (i) by inserting ``information'' before 
                      ``sciences''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, including a discussion 
                      of likely impacts of quantum information science 
                      and technology on military capabilities'' before 
                      the period at the end;
                    (C) in subparagraph (C), by inserting 
                ``information'' before ``sciences'';
                    (D) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as 
                subparagraph (F); and
                    (E) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
                following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(D) A description of the activities carried out in 
                accordance with this section, including, for each such 
                activity--
                          ``(i) a roadmap for the activity;
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the 
                      funding provided for the activity; and
                          ``(iii) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  an estimated 
                      timeline for the development and military 
                      deployment of quantum technologies supported 
                      through the activity.
                    ``(E) A description of the efforts of the Department 
                of Defense to update classification and cybersecurity 
                practices relating to quantum technology, including--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Requirements.>>  security 
                      processes and requirements for engagement with 
                      allied countries; and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  a plan for security-
                      cleared government and contractor workforce 
                      development.''.
SEC. 221. UNDERSTANDING OF INVESTMENTS IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                        AND DEVELOPMENT OF CAPABILITIES BY 
                        ADVERSARIES.

    Section 238(c)(2)(I) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 10 
USC 2358 note.>>  is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1262]]

            (2) in clause (ii), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new clause:
                          ``(iii) that appropriate entities in the 
                      Department are reviewing all open source 
                      publications from both the United States and 
                      outside the United States that contribute to, 
                      affect, or advance--
                                    ``(I) artificial intelligence 
                                research and development; or
                                    ``(II) the understanding of the 
                                Secretary concerning the investments by 
                                adversaries of the United States in 
                                artificial intelligence and the 
                                development by such adversaries of 
                                capabilities relating to artificial 
                                intelligence.''.
SEC. 222. ADVISORY ROLE OF JASON SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY GROUP.

    (a) Ongoing Engagement of Certain Scientific Advisory Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        engage the members of the independent, private scientific 
        advisory group known as ``JASON'' as advisory personnel to 
        provide advice, on an ongoing basis, on matters involving 
        science, technology, and national security, including methods to 
        defeat existential and technologically-amplified threats to 
        national security.
            (2) Availability to other federal agencies.--At the request 
        of a Federal agency outside the Department of Defense, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall seek to make personnel engaged under 
        paragraph (1) available to such agency for the purpose of 
        providing advice to the agency on the matters described in such 
        subsection.

    (b) Arrangement for Conduct of National Security Studies and 
Analysis.--
            (1) In general.--Pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary 
        of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment, shall seek to enter into an 
        arrangement under which JASON may provide national security 
        research studies and other analyses to the Department of Defense 
        and other Federal agencies to meet mission requirements and 
        agency needs.
            (2) Form of arrangement.--The arrangement entered into under 
        paragraph (1) shall be in a form the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Acquisition and Sustainment determines to be appropriate for 
        the Department of Defense, which may include a contract, a 
        grant, a cooperative agreement, the use of other transaction 
        authority under section 2371 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        another such arrangement.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Timing of arrangement.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into the arrangement 
        under paragraph (1) not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
            (4) Terms of arrangement.--The arrangement entered into 
        under paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Reimbursement.>>  if specifically 
                negotiated as part of the arrangement, provide for the 
                Department of Defense to reimburse the entity supporting 
                JASON for all or a portion of the overhead costs 
                incurred in support of the arrangement;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1263]]

                    (B) allow Federal Government entities outside the 
                Department of Defense with responsibilities relating to 
                national security to seek to engage JASON to perform 
                individual studies relating to national security matters 
                as part of the arrangement; and
                    (C) require that a Federal agency that engages JASON 
                to perform a study under the arrangement will fully fund 
                such study, including a proportional percentage to the 
                total overhead costs incurred under the arrangement.
            (5) Limitation on termination.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In general.--The 
                Secretary of Defense may not terminate the arrangement 
                under paragraph (1) until a period of 180 days has 
                elapsed following the date on which the Secretary--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  notifies the 
                      congressional defense committees of the intent of 
                      the Secretary to terminate the arrangement; and
                          (ii) submits the report required under 
                      subparagraph (B).
                    (B) Report required.--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In general.--If 
                      the Secretary of Defense determines that the 
                      arrangement under paragraph (1) should be 
                      terminated, the Secretary shall submit to the 
                      congressional defense committees a report on the 
                      proposed termination of the arrangement.
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Elements.--The 
                      report required under clause (i) shall include the 
                      following:
                                    (I) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of 
                                the execution of research projects 
                                conducted by JASON over the four fiscal 
                                years preceding the date of the report, 
                                including the projects requested by the 
                                Department of Defense and the projects 
                                requested by other Federal agencies.
                                    (II) <<NOTE: Cost analysis.>>  An 
                                analysis of the costs to the Department 
                                of Defense of maintaining the 
                                arrangement under which JASON provided 
                                national security research studies, 
                                including any overhead costs incurred by 
                                the Department or shared among Federal 
                                agencies over the four fiscal years 
                                preceding the date of the report.
                                    (III) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  A 
                                timeline for the potential transition or 
                                termination of the activities, 
                                functions, and expertise provided by 
                                JASON under the arrangement.
                                    (IV) <<NOTE: Assessment. Mitigation 
                                plan.>>  An assessment of the impact 
                                that the termination of the arrangement 
                                with JASON will have on defense research 
                                studies and analytical capabilities, 
                                including a mitigation plan that 
                                identifies where alternative and 
                                comparable scientific advice and 
                                expertise is available and a comparison 
                                of the costs associated with each 
                                alternative.
                          (iii) Form of report.--The report required 
                      under clause (i) may be submitted in unclassified 
                      or classified form.
            (6) <<NOTE: Summaries.>>  Annual summary report.--Not later 
        than March 1 of each year beginning after the date of the 
        enactment of

[[Page 133 STAT. 1264]]

        this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) a summary of expenditures made under the 
                arrangement with JASON under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) a summary of the studies and other activities 
                carried out by JASON pursuant to such arrangement in the 
                preceding calendar year.
SEC. 223. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  DIRECT AIR CAPTURE AND BLUE 
                        CARBON REMOVAL TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

    (a) Program Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, the Secretary of Energy, and the heads of such other 
        Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate, shall carry out a program on research, development, 
        testing, evaluation, study, and demonstration of technologies 
        related to blue carbon capture and direct air capture.
            (2) Program goals.--The goals of the program established 
        under paragraph (1) are as follows:
                    (A) To develop technologies that capture carbon 
                dioxide from seawater and the air to turn such carbon 
                dioxide into clean fuels to enhance fuel and energy 
                security.
                    (B) To develop and demonstrate technologies that 
                capture carbon dioxide from seawater and the air to 
                reuse such carbon dioxide to create products for 
                military uses.
                    (C) To develop direct air capture technologies for 
                use--
                          (i) at military installations or facilities of 
                      the Department of Defense; or
                          (ii) in modes of transportation by the Navy or 
                      the Coast Guard.
            (3) Phases.--The program established under paragraph (1) 
        shall be carried out in two phases as follows:
                    (A) The first phase shall consist of research and 
                development and shall be carried out as described in 
                subsection (b).
                    (B) <<NOTE: Evaluation. Determination.>>  The second 
                phase shall consist of testing and evaluation and shall 
                be carried out as described in subsection (c), if the 
                Secretary determines that the results of the research 
                and development phase justify implementing the testing 
                and evaluation phase.
            (4) Designation.--The program established under paragraph 
        (1) shall be known as the ``Direct Air Capture and Blue Carbon 
        Removal Technology Program'' (in this section referred to as the 
        ``Program'').

    (b) Research and Development Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the research and development phase 
        of the Program, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct research 
        and development in pursuit of the goals set forth in subsection 
        (a)(2).
            (2) <<NOTE: Study. Evaluation.>>  Direct air capture.--The 
        research and development phase of the Program may include, with 
        respect to direct air capture, a front end engineering and 
        design study that includes an evaluation of direct air capture 
        designs to produce fuel for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or

[[Page 133 STAT. 1265]]

                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Commencement.--The Secretary shall 
        commence carrying out the research and development phase of the 
        Program not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        research and development phase of the Program through the award 
        of grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the completion of the research and development phase of the 
        Program, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the 
        research and development carried out under the Program.

    (c) Testing and Evaluation Phase.--
            (1) In general.--During the testing and evaluation phase of 
        the Program, the Secretary shall, in pursuit of the goals set 
        forth in subsection (a)(2), conduct tests and evaluations of the 
        technologies researched and developed during the research and 
        development phase of the Program.
            (2) Direct air capture.--The testing and evaluation phase of 
        the Program may include demonstration projects for direct air 
        capture to produce fuels for use--
                    (A) at military installations or facilities of the 
                Department of Defense; or
                    (B) in modes of transportation by the Navy or the 
                Coast Guard.
            (3) Commencement.--Subject to subsection (a)(3)(B), the 
        Secretary shall commence carrying out the testing and evaluation 
        phase of the Program on the date of the completion of the 
        research and development phase described in subsection (b), 
        except that the testing and evaluation phase of the Program with 
        respect to direct air capture may commence at such time after a 
        front end engineering and design study demonstrates to the 
        Secretary that commencement of such phase is appropriate.
            (4) Grants authorized.--The Secretary may carry out the 
        testing and evaluation phase of the Program through the award of 
        grants to private persons and eligible laboratories.
            (5) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the testing 
        and evaluation phase of the Program at military installations or 
        facilities of the Department of Defense.
            (6) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2026, the 
        Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on the findings of 
        the Secretary with respect to the effectiveness of the 
        technologies tested and evaluated under the Program.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``blue carbon capture'' means the removal of 
        dissolved carbon dioxide from seawater through engineered or 
        inorganic processes, including filters, membranes, or phase 
        change systems.
            (2)(A) The term ``direct air capture'', with respect to a 
        facility, technology, or system, means that the facility, 
        technology, or system uses carbon capture equipment to capture 
        carbon dioxide directly from the air.
            (B) The term ``direct air capture'' does not include any 
        facility, technology, or system that captures carbon dioxide--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1266]]

                    (i) that is deliberately released from a naturally 
                occurring subsurface spring; or
                    (ii) using natural photosynthesis.
            (3) The term ``eligible laboratory'' means--
                    (A) a National Laboratory (as defined in section 2 
                of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (42 U.S.C. 15801));
                    (B) a science and technology reinvention laboratory 
                designated under section 1105 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-
                84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note);
                    (C) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as 
                defined in section 2358a(f) of title 10, United States 
                Code); or
                    (D) any other facility that supports the research, 
                development, test, and evaluation activities of the 
                Department of Defense or the Department of Energy.
SEC. 224. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  REQUIRING DEFENSE 
                        MICROELECTRONICS PRODUCTS AND SERVICES 
                        MEET TRUSTED SUPPLY CHAIN AND OPERATIONAL 
                        SECURITY STANDARDS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Purchases.--To protect the United States 
from intellectual property theft and to ensure national security and 
public safety in the application of new generations of wireless network 
technology and microelectronics, beginning no later than January 1, 
2023, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each microelectronics 
product or service that the Department of Defense purchases on or after 
such date meets the applicable trusted supply chain and operational 
security standards established pursuant to subsection (b), except in a 
case in which the Department seeks to purchase a microelectronics 
product or service but--
            (1) no such product or service is available for purchase 
        that meets such standards; or
            (2) no such product or service is available for purchase 
        that--
                    (A) meets such standards; and
                    (B) is available at a price that the Secretary does 
                not consider prohibitively expensive.

    (b) Trusted Supply Chain and Operational Security Standards.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Standards required.--(A) Not later 
        than January 1, 2021, the Secretary shall establish trusted 
        supply chain and operational security standards for the purchase 
        of microelectronics products and services by the Department.
            (B) For purposes of this section, a trusted supply chain and 
        operational security standard--
                    (i) is a standard that systematizes best practices 
                relevant to--
                          (I) manufacturing location;
                          (II) company ownership;
                          (III) workforce composition;
                          (IV) access during manufacturing, suppliers' 
                      design, sourcing, manufacturing, packaging, and 
                      distribution processes;
                          (V) reliability of the supply chain; and
                          (VI) other matters germane to supply chain and 
                      operational security; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1267]]

                    (ii) is not a military standard (also known as 
                ``MIL-STD'') or a military specification (also known as 
                ``MIL-SPEC'') for microelectronics that--
                          (I) specifies individual features for 
                      Department of Defense microelectronics; or
                          (II) otherwise inhibits the acquisition by the 
                      Department of securely manufactured, commercially-
                      available products.
            (2) Consultation required.--In developing standards under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with the following:
                    (A) The Secretary of Homeland Security, the 
                Secretary of State, the Secretary of Commerce, and the 
                Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
                Technology.
                    (B) Suppliers of microelectronics products and 
                services from the United States and allies and partners 
                of the United States.
                    (C) Representatives of major United States industry 
                sectors that rely on a trusted supply chain and the 
                operational security of microelectronics products and 
                services.
                    (D) Representatives of the United States insurance 
                industry.
            (3) Tiers of trust and levels of security authorized.--In 
        carrying out paragraph (1), the Secretary may establish tiers 
        and levels of trust and security within the supply chain and 
        operational security standards for microelectronics products and 
        services.
            (4) General applicability.--The standards established 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, generally applicable to the trusted supply chain 
        and operational security needs and use cases of the United 
        States Government and commercial industry, such that the 
        standards could be widely adopted by government agencies, 
        commercial industry, and allies and partners of the United 
        States as the basis for procuring microelectronics products and 
        services.
            (5) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Consultation. Updates.>>  Annual 
        review.--Not later than October 1 of each year, the Secretary 
        shall, in consultation with persons and entities set forth under 
        paragraph (2), review the standards established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) and issue updates or modifications as the 
        Secretary considers necessary or appropriate.

    (c) Ensuring Ability to Sell Commercially.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary shall, to the greatest extent 
        practicable, ensure that suppliers of microelectronics products 
        and services for the Department of Defense subject to subsection 
        (a) are able and incentivized to sell products commercially and 
        to governments of allies and partners of the United States that 
        are produced on the same production lines as the 
        microelectronics products supplied to the Department of Defense.
            (2) Effect of requirements and acquisitions.--The Secretary 
        shall, to the greatest extent practicable, ensure that the 
        requirements of the Department and the acquisition by the 
        Department of microelectronics enable the success of a dual-use 
        microelectronics industry.

    (d) Maintaining Competition and Innovation.--The Secretary shall 
take such actions as the Secretary considers necessary

[[Page 133 STAT. 1268]]

and appropriate, within the Secretary's authorized activities to 
maintain the health of the defense industrial base, to ensure that--
            (1) providers of microelectronics products and services that 
        meet the standards established under subsection (b) are exposed 
        to competitive market pressures to achieve competitive pricing 
        and sustained innovation; and
            (2) the industrial base of microelectronics products and 
        services that meet the standards established under subsection 
        (b) includes providers manufacturing in the United States or in 
        countries that are allies or partners of the United States.
SEC. 225. DEVELOPMENT AND ACQUISITION STRATEGY TO PROCURE SECURE, 
                        LOW PROBABILITY OF DETECTION DATA LINK 
                        NETWORK CAPABILITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Strategy Required.--Not later than March 1, 
2020, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Chief of Naval 
Operations, and the Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly submit to 
the congressional defense committees a joint development and acquisition 
strategy to procure a secure, low probability of detection data link 
network capability, with the ability to effectively operate in hostile 
jamming environments while preserving the low observability 
characteristics of the relevant platforms, including both existing and 
planned platforms.

    (b) Network Characteristics.--The data link network capability to be 
procured pursuant to the development and acquisition strategy submitted 
under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) ensure that any network made with such capability will 
        be low risk and affordable, with minimal impact or change to 
        existing host platforms and minimal overall integration costs;
            (2) use a non-proprietary and open systems approach 
        compatible with the Rapid Capabilities Office Open Mission 
        Systems initiative of the Air Force, the Future Airborne 
        Capability Environment initiative of the Navy, and the Modular 
        Open Systems Architecture initiative of the Army; and
            (3) provide for an architecture to connect, with 
        operationally relevant throughput and latency--
                    (A) fifth-generation combat aircraft;
                    (B) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat 
                aircraft;
                    (C) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat 
                aircraft and appropriate support aircraft and other 
                network nodes for command, control, communications, 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance purposes; 
                and
                    (D) fifth-generation and fourth-generation combat 
                aircraft and their associated network-enabled precision 
                weapons.

    (c) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2020 for operation and 
maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force, for 
operation and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, 
and for operations and maintenance for the Office of the Secretary of 
the Army, not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until 
the date that is 15 days after the date on which the Chief of Staff of 
the Air Force, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Chief of Staff of 
the Army, respectively, submit the development and acquisition strategy 
required by subsection (a).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1269]]

SEC. 226. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  ESTABLISHMENT OF SECURE 
                        NEXT-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORK (5G) 
                        INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE NEVADA TEST AND 
                        TRAINING RANGE AND BASE INFRASTRUCTURE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment Required.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish secure fifth-generation wireless network 
components and capabilities at no fewer than two Department of Defense 
installations in accordance with this section.

    (b) Installations.--
            (1) Locations.--The Secretary shall establish components and 
        capabilities under subsection (a) at the following:
                    (A) The Nevada Test and Training Range, which shall 
                serve as a Major Range and Test Facility Base (MRTFB) 
                for fifth-generation wireless networking.
                    (B) Such Department installations or other 
                installations as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
                the purpose set forth in paragraph (2).
            (2) Purpose.--The purpose of the establishment of components 
        and capabilities under subsection (a) at the locations described 
        in paragraph (1) of this subsection is to demonstrate the 
        following:
                    (A) The potential military utility of high 
                bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-generation 
                wireless networking technology.
                    (B) Advanced security technology that is applicable 
                to fifth-generation networks as well as legacy 
                Department command and control networks.
                    (C) Secure interoperability with fixed and wireless 
                systems (legacy and future systems).
                    (D) Enhancements such as spectrum and waveform 
                diversity, frequency hopping and spreading, and beam 
                forming for military requirements.
                    (E) Technology for dynamic network slicing for 
                specific use cases and applications requiring varying 
                levels of latency, scale, and throughput.
                    (F) Technology for dynamic spectrum sharing and 
                network isolation.
                    (G) Base infrastructure installation of high 
                bandwidth, scalable, and low latency fifth-generation 
                wireless networking technology.
                    (H) Applications for secure fifth-generation 
                wireless network capabilities for the Department, such 
                as the following:
                          (i) Interactive augmented reality or synthetic 
                      training environments.
                          (ii) Internet of things devices.
                          (iii) Autonomous systems.
                          (iv) Advanced manufacturing through the 
                      following:
                                    (I) Department-sponsored centers for 
                                manufacturing innovation (as defined in 
                                section 34(c) of the National Institute 
                                of Standards and Technology Act (15 
                                U.S.C. 278s(c))).
                                    (II) Department research and 
                                development organizations.
                                    (III) Manufacturers in the defense 
                                industrial base of the United States.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1270]]

SEC. 227. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2521 note.>>  ADMINISTRATION OF 
                        MANUFACTURING INNOVATION INSTITUTES FUNDED 
                        BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall make such changes to 
the administration of covered institutes so as--
            (1) to encourage covered institutes to leverage existing 
        workforce development programs across the Federal Government and 
        State governments in order to build successful workforce 
        development programs;
            (2) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  to develop metrics to evaluate 
        the workforce development performed by the covered institutes, 
        including metrics on job quality, career pathways, wages and 
        benefits, and efforts to support veterans, and progress in 
        aligning workforce skillsets with the current and long-term 
        needs of the Department of Defense and the defense industrial 
        base;
            (3) <<NOTE: Updates. Evaluation.>>  to allow metrics to vary 
        between covered institutes and be updated and evaluated 
        continuously in order to more accurately evaluate covered 
        institutes with different goals and missions;
            (4) to encourage covered institutes to consider developing 
        technologies that were previously funded by Federal Government 
        investment for early-stage research and development and expand 
        cross-government coordination and collaboration to achieve this 
        goal;
            (5) to provide an opportunity for increased Department of 
        Defense input and oversight from senior-level military and 
        civilian personnel on future technology roadmaps produced by 
        covered institutes;
            (6) to reduce the barriers to collaboration between and 
        among multiple covered institutes;
            (7) to use contracting vehicles that can increase 
        flexibility, reduce barriers for contracting with subject-matter 
        experts and small and medium enterprises, enhance partnerships 
        between covered institutes, and reduce the time to award 
        contracts at covered institutes; and
            (8) to overcome barriers to the adoption of manufacturing 
        processes and technologies developed by the covered institutes 
        by the defense and commercial industrial base, particularly 
        small and medium enterprises, by engaging with public and 
        private sector partnerships and appropriate government programs 
        and activities, including the Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
        Partnership.

    (b) Coordination With Other Activities.--The Secretary shall carry 
out this section in coordination with activities undertaken under--
            (1) the Manufacturing Technology Program established under 
        section 2521 of title 10, United States Code;
            (2) the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program 
        established under section 2196 of such title;
            (3) the Defense Manufacturing Community Support Program 
        established under section 846 of the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232);
            (4) manufacturing initiatives of the Secretary of Commerce, 
        the head of the National Office of the Manufacturing USA 
        Network, the Secretary of Energy, and such other government and 
        private sector organizations as the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1271]]

            (5) such other activities as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (c) Definition of Covered Institute.--In this section, the term 
``covered institute'' means a manufacturing innovation institute that is 
funded by the Department of Defense.
SEC. 228. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  RESEARCH PROGRAM ON FOREIGN 
                        MALIGN INFLUENCE OPERATIONS.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may carry 
out a research program on foreign malign influence operations as part of 
the university research programs of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Program Objectives.--The objectives of a research program 
carried out under subsection (a) should include the following:
            (1) Enhance the understanding of foreign malign influence 
        operations, including activities conducted on social media 
        platforms.
            (2) Facilitate the analysis of publicly available or 
        voluntarily provided indicators of foreign malign influence 
        operations.
            (3) Promote collaborative research and information exchange 
        with relevant entities within the Department of Defense and with 
        other agencies or nongovernmental organizations relating to 
        foreign malign influence operations, as appropriate.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notice to Congress.--Not later than 30 days 
before initiating a research program under subsection (a), the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees notice 
of the intent of the Secretary to initiate such a program, which shall 
include--
            (1) a detailed description of the program and any related 
        research activities;
            (2) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  the estimated cost and 
        duration of the program; and
            (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
        relevant.
SEC. 229. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  DIVERSIFICATION OF THE 
                        RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING WORKFORCE OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering and in consultation with the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, shall conduct 
        an assessment of critical skillsets required across, and the 
        diversity of, the research and engineering workforce of the 
        Department of Defense, including the science and technology 
        reinvention laboratories, to support emerging and future 
        warfighter technologies.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The assessment required 
        by paragraph (1) shall include analysis of the following:
                    (A) The percentage of women and minorities employed 
                in the research and engineering workforce of the 
                Department of Defense as of the date of the assessment.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Of the individuals hired 
                into the research and engineering workforce of the 
                Department in the five years preceding the date of the 
                assessment, the percentage of such individuals who are 
                women and minorities.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1272]]

                    (C) The effectiveness of existing hiring, 
                recruitment, and retention incentives for women and 
                minorities in the research and engineering workforce of 
                the Department.
                    (D) The effectiveness of the Department in 
                recruiting women and minorities into the laboratory 
                workforce after such individuals complete work on 
                Department-funded research, projects, grant projects, 
                fellowships, and STEM programs.
                    (E) The geographical diversity of the workforce 
                across various geographic regions.

    (b) Plan Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--Based on the 
        results of the assessment conducted under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering and in consultation with 
        the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop and 
        implement a plan to diversify and strengthen the research and 
        engineering workforce of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) align with science and technology strategy 
                priorities of the Department of Defense, including the 
                emerging and future warfighter technology requirements 
                identified by the Department;
                    (B) except as provided in subsection (c)(2), set 
                forth steps for the implementation of each 
                recommendation included in the 2013 report of the RAND 
                corporation titled ``First Steps Toward Improving DoD 
                STEM Workforce Diversity'';
                    (C) harness the full range of the Department's STEM 
                programs and other Department sponsored programs to 
                develop and attract top talent;
                    (D) use existing authorities to attract and retain 
                students, academics, and other talent;
                    (E) establish and use contracts, agreements, or 
                other arrangements with institutions of higher education 
                (as defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)), including historically black 
                colleges and universities and other minority-serving 
                institutions (as described in section 371(a) of such Act 
                (20 U.S.C. 1067q(a)) to enable easy and efficient access 
                to research and researchers for Government sponsored 
                basic and applied research and studies at each 
                institution, including contracts, agreements, and other 
                authorized arrangements such as those authorized under--
                          (i) section 217 of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 
                      115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note); and
                          (ii) such other authorities as the Secretary 
                      determines to be appropriate; and
                    (F) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  include 
                recommendations for changes in authorities, regulations, 
                policies, or any other relevant areas that would support 
                the achievement of the goals set forth in the plan.
            (3) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Submittal to congress.--Not later 
        than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that includes--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1273]]

                    (A) the plan developed under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) with respect to each recommendation described in 
                paragraph (2)(B) that the Secretary has implemented or 
                expects to implement--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of actions 
                      that have been taken to implement the 
                      recommendation; and
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Schedule.>>  a schedule, with 
                      specific milestones, for completing the 
                      implementation of the recommendation.

    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), not 
        later than 18 months after the date of the enactment of this Act 
        the Secretary of Defense shall carry out activities to implement 
        the plan developed under subsection (b).
            (2) Exception for implementation of certain 
        recommendations.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation 
                described in subsection (b)(2)(B) after the date 
                specified in paragraph (1) if the Secretary provides the 
                congressional defense committees with a specific 
                justification for the delay in implementation of such 
                recommendation on or before such date.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
                opt not to implement a recommendation described in 
                subsection (b)(2)(B) if the Secretary provides to the 
                congressional defense committees, on or before the date 
                specified in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) a specific justification for the decision 
                      not to implement the recommendation; and
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the 
                      alternative actions the Secretary plans to take to 
                      address the issues underlying the recommendation.

    (d) STEM Defined.--In this section, the term ``STEM'' means science, 
technology, engineering, and mathematics.
SEC. 230. <<NOTE: 10 USC 501 note prec. Deadlines.>>  POLICY ON 
                        THE TALENT MANAGEMENT OF DIGITAL EXPERTISE 
                        AND SOFTWARE PROFESSIONALS.

    (a) Policy.--
            (1) In general.--It shall be a policy of the Department of 
        Defense to promote and maintain digital expertise and software 
        development as core competencies of civilian and military 
        workforces of the Department, and as a capability to support the 
        National Defense Strategy, which policy shall be achieved by--
                    (A) the recruitment, development, and 
                incentivization of retention in and to the civilian and 
                military workforce of the Department of individuals with 
                aptitude, experience, proficient expertise, or a 
                combination thereof in digital expertise and software 
                development;
                    (B) at the discretion of the Secretaries of the 
                military departments, the development and maintenance of 
                civilian and military career tracks related to digital 
                expertise, and related digital competencies for members 
                of the Armed Forces, including the development and 
                maintenance of training, education, talent management, 
                incentives, and promotion policies in support of members 
                at all levels of such career tracks; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1274]]

                    (C) the development and application of appropriate 
                readiness standards and metrics to measure and report on 
                the overall capability, capacity, utilization, and 
                readiness of digital engineering professionals to 
                develop and deliver operational capabilities and employ 
                modern business practices.
            (2) Digital engineering defined.--For purposes of this 
        section, the term ``digital engineering'' means the discipline 
        and set of skills involved in the creation, processing, 
        transmission, integration, and storage of digital data, 
        including data science, machine learning, software engineering, 
        software product management, and artificial intelligence product 
        management.

    (b) Implementation Plan.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a plan that describes how the 
Department of Defense will execute the policy described in subsection 
(a).
    (c) Responsibility.--
            (1) Appointment of officer.--Not later than 270 days after 
        the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense may 
        appoint a civilian official responsible for the development and 
        implementation of the policy and implementation plan set forth 
        in subsections (a) and (b), respectively. The official shall be 
        known as the ``Chief Digital Engineering Recruitment and 
        Management Officer of the Department of Defense''.
            (2) Expiration of appointment.--The appointment of the 
        Officer under paragraph (1) shall expire on September 30, 2024.
SEC. 231. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  DIGITAL ENGINEERING 
                        CAPABILITY TO AUTOMATE TESTING AND 
                        EVALUATION.

    (a) Digital Engineering Capability.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        digital engineering capability to be used--
                    (A) for the development and deployment of digital 
                engineering models for use in the defense acquisition 
                process; and
                    (B) to provide testing infrastructure and software 
                to support automated approaches for testing, evaluation, 
                and deployment throughout the defense acquisition 
                process.
            (2) Requirements.--The capability developed under subsection 
        (a) shall meet the following requirements:
                    (A) The capability will be accessible to, and 
                useable by, individuals throughout the Department of 
                Defense who have responsibilities relating to capability 
                design, development, testing, evaluation, and operation.
                    (B) The capability will provide for the development, 
                validation, use, curation, and maintenance of 
                technically accurate digital systems, models of systems, 
                subsystems, and their components, at the appropriate 
                level of fidelity to ensure that test activities 
                adequately simulate the environment in which a system 
                will be deployed.
                    (C) The capability will include software to automate 
                testing throughout the program life cycle, including to 
                satisfy developmental test requirements and operational 
                test

[[Page 133 STAT. 1275]]

                requirements. Such software may be developed in 
                accordance with the authorities provided under section 
                800, and shall support--
                          (i) security testing that includes 
                      vulnerability scanning and penetration testing 
                      performed by individuals, including threat-based 
                      red team exploitations and assessments with zero-
                      trust assumptions; and
                          (ii) high-confidence distribution of software 
                      to the field on a time-bound, repeatable, 
                      frequent, and iterative basis.

    (b) Demonstration Activities.--
            (1) In general.--In developing the capability required under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        activities to demonstrate digital engineering approaches to 
        automated testing that--
                    (A) enable continuous software development and 
                delivery;
                    (B) satisfy developmental test requirements for the 
                software-intensive programs of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (C) satisfy operational test and evaluation 
                requirements for such programs.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Assessment.>>  Program selection.--Not 
        later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall assess and select not fewer than 
        four and not more than ten programs of the Department of Defense 
        to participate in the demonstration activities under paragraph 
        (1), including--
                    (A) at least one program participating in the pilot 
                program authorized under section 873 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public 
                Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note);
                    (B) at least one program participating in the pilot 
                program authorized under section 874 of such Act (Public 
                Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note);
                    (C) at least one major defense acquisition program 
                (as defined in section 2430 of title 10, United States 
                Code);
                    (D) at least one command and control program;
                    (E) at least one defense business system (as defined 
                in section 2222(i) of title 10, United States Code); and
                    (F) at least one program from each military service.
            (3) Additional requirements.--As part of the demonstration 
        activities under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  conduct a comparative 
                analysis that assesses the risks and benefits of the 
                digital engineering supported automated testing 
                approaches of the programs participating in the 
                demonstration activities relative to traditional testing 
                approaches that are not supported by digital 
                engineering;
                    (B) ensure that the intellectual property strategy 
                for each of the programs participating in the 
                demonstration activities is best aligned to meet the 
                goals of the program; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  develop a workforce and 
                infrastructure plan to support any new policies and 
                guidance implemented in connection with the 
                demonstration activities, including any policies and 
                guidance implemented after the completion of such 
                activities.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1276]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Policies and Guidance Required.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, based on the 
results of the demonstration activities carried out under subsection 
(b), the Secretary of Defense shall issue or modify policies and 
guidance to--
            (1) promote the use of digital engineering capabilities for 
        development and for automated testing; and
            (2) address roles, responsibilities, and procedures relating 
        to such capabilities.

    (d) Steering Committee.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        steering committee to assist the Secretary in carrying out 
        subsections (a) through (c).
            (2) Membership.--The steering committee shall be composed of 
        the following members or their designees:
                    (A) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
                    (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                and Sustainment.
                    (C) The Chief Information Officer.
                    (D) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
                    (E) The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation.
                    (F) The Service Acquisition Executives.
                    (G) The Service testing commands.
                    (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.

    (e) Reports Required.--
            (1) Implementation.--Not later than March 15, 2020, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the progress of the Secretary in 
        implementing subsections (a) through (c). The report shall 
        include an explanation of how the results of the demonstration 
        activities carried out under subsection (b) will be incorporated 
        into the policy and guidance required under subsection (c), 
        particularly the policy and guidance of the members of the 
        steering committee established under subsection (d).
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  Legislative 
        recommendations.--Not later than October 15, 2020, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
        a briefing that identifies any changes to existing law that may 
        be necessary to facilitate the implementation of subsections (a) 
        through (c).

    (f) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Independent Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 15, 2021, the Defense 
        Innovation Board and the Defense Science Board shall jointly 
        complete an independent assessment of the progress of the 
        Secretary in implementing subsections (a) through (c). The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Defense Innovation 
        Board and the Defense Science Board have access to the 
        resources, data, and information necessary to complete the 
        assessment.
            (2) Information to congress.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the date on which the assessment under paragraph (1) is 
        completed, the Defense Innovation Board and the Defense Science 
        Board shall jointly provide to the congressional defense 
        committees--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  a report summarizing the 
                assessment; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  a briefing on the findings 
                of the assessment.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1277]]

SEC. 232. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  PROCESS TO ALIGN POLICY 
                        FORMULATION AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGY 
                        DEVELOPMENT.

    (a) Alignment of Policy and Technological Development.--Not 
later <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a process to 
ensure that the policies of the Department of Defense relating to 
emerging technology are formulated and updated continuously as such 
technology is developed by the Department.

    (b) Elements.--As part of the process established under subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) specify the role of each covered official in ensuring 
        that the formulation of policies relating to emerging technology 
        is carried out concurrently with the development of such 
        technology; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  incorporate procedures for the 
        continuous legal review of--
                    (A) weapons and other defense systems that 
                incorporate or use emerging technology; and
                    (B) treaties that may be affected by such 
                technology.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing Required.--Not later than 30 days 
after the date on which the Secretary of Defense establishes the process 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on such process.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered official'' means the following:
                    (A) The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
                    (B) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
                    (C) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                and Sustainment.
                    (D) The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy.
                    (E) The commanders of combatant commands with 
                responsibilities involving the use of weapons or other 
                defense systems that incorporate or use emerging 
                technology, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
                    (F) The Secretaries of the military departments.
            (2) The term ``emerging technology'' means technology 
        determined to be in an emerging phase of development by the 
        Secretary of Defense, including quantum computing, technology 
        for the analysis of large and diverse sets of data (commonly 
        known as ``big data analytics''), artificial intelligence, 
        autonomous technology, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, 
        biotechnology, and such other technology as may be identified by 
        the Secretary.
SEC. 233. <<NOTE: 10 USC 132 note.>>  IMPROVEMENT OF THE STRATEGIC 
                        CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) Organization.--
            (1) Authority of deputy secretary of defense.--The Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense shall exercise authority and direction over 
        the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of Defense 
        (referred to in this section as the ``Office'').
            (2) Authority of director.--The Director of the Office shall 
        report directly to the Deputy Secretary of Defense.
            (3) Delegation.--In exercising authority and direction over 
        the Office under subsection (a), the Deputy Secretary of Defense 
        may delegate administrative, management, and other duties

[[Page 133 STAT. 1278]]

        to the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
        Agency, as needed, to effectively and efficiently execute the 
        mission of the Office.

    (b) Cross-functional Teams.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Deputy 
        Secretary of Defense shall establish the following cross-
        functional teams to improve the effectiveness of the Office:
                    (A) A transition cross-functional team to improve 
                the efficiency and effectiveness with which the programs 
                of the Office may be transitioned into--
                          (i) research and development programs of the 
                      military services and other agencies of the 
                      Department of Defense; and
                          (ii) programs of such services and agencies in 
                      operational use.
                    (B) A technical cross functional team to improve the 
                continuous technical assessment and review of the 
                programs of the Office during program selection and 
                execution.
            (2) Membership.--The Deputy Secretary of Defense shall 
        select individuals to serve on the cross-functional teams 
        described in paragraph (1) from among individuals in the defense 
        research and engineering enterprise, acquisition community, 
        Joint Staff, combatant commands, and other organizations, as 
        determined to be appropriate by the Deputy Secretary.
SEC. 234. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2164 note. Consultation.>>  PILOT PROGRAM 
                        ON ENHANCED CIVICS EDUCATION.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Education, shall carry out a pilot program under which the 
Secretary provides enhanced educational support and funding to eligible 
entities to improve civics education programs taught by such entities.
    (b) Purpose.--The purpose of the pilot program is to provide 
enhanced civics education on the following topics:
            (1) Critical thinking and media literacy.
            (2) Voting and other forms of political and civic 
        engagement.
            (3) Interest in employment, and careers, in public service.
            (4) Understanding of United States law, history, and 
        Government.
            (5) The ability of participants to collaborate and 
        compromise with others to solve problems.

    (c) Considerations.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall consider innovative approaches for improving 
civics education.
    (d) Metrics and Evaluations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish metrics and undertake evaluations to determine the 
effectiveness of the pilot program, including each of the activities 
carried out under subsection (e).
    (e) Types of Support Authorized.--Under the pilot program the 
Secretary of Defense--
            (1) shall provide support to eligible entities to address, 
        at a minimum--
                    (A) the development or modification of curricula 
                relating to civics education;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1279]]

                    (B) classroom activities, thesis projects, 
                individual or team projects, internships, or community 
                service activities relating to civics;
                    (C) collaboration with government entities, 
                nonprofit organizations, or consortia of such entities 
                and organizations to provide participants with civics-
                related experiences;
                    (D) civics-related faculty development programs;
                    (E) recruitment of educators who are highly 
                qualified in civics education to teach civics or to 
                assist with the development of curricula for civics 
                education;
                    (F) presentation of seminars, workshops, and 
                training for the development of skills associated with 
                civic engagement;
                    (G) activities that enable participants to interact 
                with government officials and entities;
                    (H) expansion of civics education programs and 
                outreach for members of the Armed Forces, dependents and 
                children of such members, and employees of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (I) opportunities for participants to obtain work 
                experience in fields relating to civics; and
            (2) may provide any other form of support the Secretary 
        determines to be appropriate to enhance the civics education 
        taught by eligible entities.

    (f) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the conclusion of the 
first full academic year during which the pilot program is carried out, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that includes--
            (1) a description of the pilot program, including the a 
        description of the specific activities carried out under 
        subsection (e); and
            (2) the metrics and evaluations used to assess the 
        effectiveness of the program as required under subsection (d).

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``civics education program'' means an 
        educational program that provides participants with--
                    (A) knowledge of law, government, and the rights of 
                citizens; and
                    (B) skills that enable participants to responsibly 
                participate in democracy.
            (2) The term ``eligible entity'' means any of following:
                    (A) A local education agency that hosts a unit of 
                the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
                    (B) A school operated by the Department of Defense 
                Education Activity.
SEC. 235. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1580 note prec.>>  TECHNOLOGY AND 
                        NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP.

    (a) Fellowship Program.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, may 
        establish a civilian fellowship program designed to place 
        eligible individuals within the Department of Defense and 
        Congress to increase the number of national security 
        professionals with science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics credentials employed by the Department.
            (2) Designation.--The fellowship program established under 
        paragraph (1) shall be known as the ``Technology and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1280]]

        National Security Fellowship'' (in this section referred to as 
        the ``fellows program'').
            (3) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Assignments.--Each individual 
        selected for participation in the fellows program shall be 
        assigned to a one year position within--
                    (A) the Department of Defense; or
                    (B) a congressional office with emphasis on defense 
                and national security matters.
            (4) Pay and benefits.--To the extent practicable, each 
        individual assigned to a position under paragraph (3)--
                    (A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay that 
                is equivalent to the rate of basic pay payable for a 
                position at level 10 of the General Schedule; and
                    (B) shall be treated as an employee of the United 
                States during the assignment.

    (b) Eligible Individuals.--
            (1) Eligibility for dod assignment.--Subject to subsection 
        (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in the Department 
        of Defense under subsection (a)(3)(A) is an individual who--
                    (A) is a citizen of the United States; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  either--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  expects to be awarded 
                      a bachelor's degree, associate's degree, or 
                      graduate degree that, as determined by the 
                      Secretary, focuses on science, technology, 
                      engineering, or mathematics course work not later 
                      than 180 days after the date on which the 
                      individual submits an application for 
                      participation in the fellows program;
                          (ii) possesses a bachelor's degree, 
                      associate's degree, or graduate degree that, as 
                      determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, 
                      technology, engineering, or mathematics course 
                      work; or
                          (iii) is an employee of the Department of 
                      Defense and possesses a bachelor's degree, 
                      associate's degree, or graduate degree that, as 
                      determined by the Secretary, focuses on science, 
                      technology, engineering, or mathematics course 
                      work.
            (2) Eligibility for congressional assignment.--Subject to 
        subsection (e), an individual eligible for an assignment in a 
        congressional office under subsection (a)(3)(B) is an individual 
        who--
                    (A) meets the requirements specified in paragraph 
                (1); and
                    (B) has not less than 3 years of relevant work 
                experience in the field of science, technology, 
                engineering, or mathematics.

    (c) Application.--Each individual seeking to participate in the 
fellows program shall submit to the Secretary an application therefor at 
such time and in such manner as the Secretary shall specify.
    (d) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary may 
consider working through the following entities:
            (1) The National Security Innovation Network.
            (2) Universities.
            (3) Science and technology reinvention laboratories and test 
        and evaluation centers of the Department of Defense.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1281]]

            (4) Other organizations of the Department of Defense or 
        public and private sector organizations, as determined 
        appropriate by the Secretary.

    (e) Modifications to Fellows Program.--The Secretary may modify the 
terms and procedures of the fellows program in order to better achieve 
the goals of the program and to support workforce needs of the 
Department of Defense.
    (f) Consultation.--The Secretary may consult with the heads of the 
agencies, components, and other elements of the Department of Defense, 
Members and committees of Congress, and such institutions of higher 
education and private entities engaged in work on national security and 
emerging technologies as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
purposes of the fellows program, including with respect to assignments 
in the fellows program.
SEC. 236. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE MANAGEMENT 
                        SYSTEM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Documentation Required.--Not later than the 
date specified in subsection (b), the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees the following 
documentation relating to the Advanced Battle Management System:
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list that identifies each program, 
        project, and activity that contributes to the architecture of 
        the Advanced Battle Management System.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  The final analysis of alternatives 
        for the Advanced Battle Management System.
            (3) <<NOTE: Requirements.>>  The requirements for the 
        networked data architecture necessary for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System to provide multidomain command and control and 
        battle management capabilities and a development schedule for 
        such architecture.

    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
            (1) the date that is 180 days after the date on which the 
        final analysis of alternatives for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System is completed; or
            (2) June 1, 2020.

    (c) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' means the Advanced Battle 
Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force, including each 
program, project, and activity that contributes to such capability.
SEC. 237. SENSOR DATA INTEGRATION FOR FIFTH GENERATION AIRCRAFT.

    (a) F-35 Sensor Data.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
            (1) information collected by the passive and active on-board 
        sensors of the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter aircraft is capable of 
        being shared, in real time, with joint service users in cases in 
        which the Joint Force Commander determines that sharing such 
        information would be operationally advantageous; and
            (2) the Secretary has developed achievable, effective, and 
        suitable concepts and supporting technical architectures to 
        collect, store, manage, and disseminate information collected by 
        such sensors.

    (b) GAO Study and Report.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1282]]

            (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct a study of the sensor data collection and 
        dissemination capability of fifth generation aircraft of the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The study required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of the following--
                    (A) the extent to which the Department has 
                established doctrinal, organizational, or technological 
                methods of managing the large amount of sensor data that 
                is currently collected and which may be collected by 
                existing and planned advanced fifth generation aircraft;
                    (B) the status of the existing sensor data 
                collection, storage, dissemination, and management 
                capability and capacity of fifth generation aircraft, 
                including the F-35, the F-22, and the B-21; and
                    (C) the ability of the F-35 aircraft and other fifth 
                generation aircraft to share information collected by 
                the aircraft in real-time with other joint service users 
                as described in subsection (a)(1).
            (3) Study results.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Interim briefing.--Not 
                later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this Act, the Comptroller General shall provide to the 
                congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
                preliminary findings of the study conducted under this 
                subsection.
                    (B) Final results.--The Comptroller General shall 
                provide the final results of the study conducted under 
                this subsection to the congressional defense committees 
                at such time and in such format as is mutually agreed 
                upon by the committees and the Comptroller General at 
                the time of the briefing under subparagraph (A).
SEC. 238. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON FUTURE VERTICAL LIFT TECHNOLOGIES.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Army should continue to invest 
in research, development, test, and evaluation programs to mature future 
vertical lift technologies, including programs to improve pilot 
situational awareness, increase flight operations safety, and reduce 
operation and maintenance costs.
SEC. 239. USE OF FUNDS FOR STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH 
                        PROGRAM, ENVIRONMENTAL SECURITY TECHNICAL 
                        CERTIFICATION PROGRAM, AND OPERATIONAL 
                        ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT.

    Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for 
the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, test, 
and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201 for 
the Strategic Environmental Research Program, Operational Energy 
Capability Improvement, and the Environmental Security Technical 
Certification Program, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting through 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, expend 
amounts as follows:
            (1) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development and 
        demonstration of long duration on-site energy battery storage 
        for distributed energy assets.
            (2) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of non-fluorine based firefighting 
        foams.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1283]]

            (3) Not less than $10,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of secure microgrids for both 
        installations and forward operating bases.
            (4) Not less than $1,000,000 on the development, 
        demonstration, and validation of technologies that can harvest 
        potable water from air.
SEC. 240. LIMITATION AND REPORT ON INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION 
                        CAPABILITY INCREMENT 2 CAPABILITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Limitation and Report on Indirect Fire 
Protection Capability Increment 2.--Not more than 50 percent of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2020 for the Army may be obligated or expended 
for research, development, test, and evaluation for the Indirect Fire 
Protection Capability Increment 2 capability until the Secretary of the 
Army submits to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 program that contains 
the following:
            (1) An assessment of whether the requirements previously 
        established for the enduring program meet the anticipated threat 
        at the time of planned initial operating capability and fully 
        operating capability.
            (2) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of candidate systems considered 
        to meet the Indirect Fire Protection Capability Increment 2 
        enduring requirement, including those fielded or in development 
        by the Army and other elements of the Department of Defense.
            (3) An assessment of each candidate system's capability 
        against representative threats.
            (4) An assessment of other relevant specifications of each 
        candidate system, including cost of development, cost per round 
        if applicable, technological maturity, and logistics and 
        sustainment.
            (5) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan for how the Army will integrate 
        the chosen system or systems into the Integrated Air and Missile 
        Defense Battle Command System.
            (6) An assessment of the results of the performance, test, 
        evaluation, integration, and interoperability of batteries one 
        and two of the interim solution.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notification Required.--Not later than 10 
days after the date on which the President submits the annual budget 
request of the President for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 1105 
of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Defense shall, 
without delegation, submit to the congressional defense committees a 
notification identifying the military services or agencies that will be 
responsible for the conduct of air and missile defense in support of 
joint campaigns as it applies to defense against current and emerging 
missile threats. The notification shall identify the applicable programs 
of record to address such threats, including each class of cruise 
missile threat.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1284]]

              Subtitle C--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 251. MASTER PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF AUTHORITIES RELATING 
                        TO SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY REINVENTION 
                        LABORATORIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Plan Required.--The Secretary of 
Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the military departments and in 
consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall develop a master plan for using existing authorities 
to strengthen and modernize the workforce and capabilities of the 
science and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department of 
Defense (referred to in this section as the ``laboratories'') to enhance 
the ability of the laboratories to execute missions in the most 
efficient and effective manner.

    (b) <<NOTE: Summaries.>>  Elements.--The master plan required under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the laboratories, the 
following:
            (1) A summary of hiring and staffing deficiencies at 
        laboratories, by location, and the effect of such deficiencies 
        on the ability of the laboratories--
                    (A) to meet existing and future requirements of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) to recruit and retain qualified personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
        development, test, and evaluation mission areas requiring the 
        use of the laboratories.
            (3) An explanation of the laboratory staffing capabilities 
        required for each mission area identified under paragraph (2).
            (4) Identification of specific projects, including hiring 
        efforts and management reforms, that will be carried out--
                    (A) to address the deficiencies identified in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (B) to support the existing and emerging mission 
                areas identified in paragraph (2).
            (5) For each project identified under paragraph (4)--
                    (A) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (B) a description of the resources that will be 
                applied to the project; and
                    (C) a schedule of required investments that will be 
                made as part of the project.
            (6) A description of how the Department, including each 
        military department concerned, will carry out the projects 
        identified in paragraph (4) using existing authorities.
            (7) Identification of any statutory, regulatory, or 
        management-related barriers to implementing the master plan and 
        a description of policy and legislative options that may be 
        applied to address such barriers.

    (c) Consultation.--In developing the master plan required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the 
military departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall consult with--
            (1) the Service Acquisition Executives with responsibilities 
        relevant to the laboratories;
            (2) the commander of each military command with 
        responsibilities relating to research and engineering that is 
        affected by the master plan; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1285]]

            (3) any other officials determined to be relevant by the 
        Secretary of Defense, the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.

    (d) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Final Report.--Not later than October 
30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense, jointly with the Secretaries of the 
military departments and in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees--
            (1) the master plan developed under subsection (a);
            (2) a report on the activities carried out under this 
        section; and
            (3) a report that identifies any barriers that prevent the 
        full use and implementation of existing authorities, including 
        any barriers presented by the policies, authorities, and 
        activities of--
                    (A) organizations and elements of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) organizations outside the Department.
SEC. 252. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  INFRASTRUCTURE TO SUPPORT 
                        RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND 
                        EVALUATION MISSIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Master Plan Required.--The Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering and in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall develop and implement a master plan that addresses 
the research, development, test, and evaluation infrastructure and 
modernization requirements of the Department of Defense, including the 
science and technology reinvention laboratories and the facilities of 
the Major Range and Test Facility Base.

    (b) <<NOTE: Summaries.>>  Elements.--The master plan required under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the research, development, 
test, and evaluation infrastructure of the Department of Defense, the 
following:
            (1) A summary of deficiencies in the infrastructure, by 
        location, and the effect of the deficiencies on the ability of 
        the Department--
                    (A) to meet current and future military requirements 
                identified in the National Defense Strategy;
                    (B) to support science and technology development 
                and acquisition programs; and
                    (C) to recruit and train qualified personnel.
            (2) A summary of existing and emerging military research, 
        development, test, and evaluation mission areas, by location, 
        that require modernization investments in the infrastructure--
                    (A) to improve operations in a manner that may 
                benefit all users;
                    (B) to enhance the overall capabilities of the 
                research, development, test, and evaluation 
                infrastructure, including facilities and resources;
                    (C) to improve safety for personnel and facilities; 
                and
                    (D) to reduce the long-term cost of operation and 
                maintenance.
            (3) Identification of specific infrastructure projects that 
        are required to address the infrastructure deficiencies 
        identified under paragraph (1) or to support the existing and 
        emerging mission areas identified under paragraph (2).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1286]]

            (4) For each project identified under paragraph (3)--
                    (A) a description of the scope of work;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  a cost estimate;
                    (C) a summary of the plan for the project;
                    (D) an explanation of the level of priority that 
                will be given to the project; and
                    (E) a schedule of required infrastructure 
                investments.
            (5) A description of how the Department, including each 
        military department concerned, will carry out the infrastructure 
        projects identified in paragraph (3) using the range of 
        authorities and methods available to the Department, including--
                    (A) military construction authority under section 
                2802 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) unspecified minor military construction 
                authority under section 2805(a) of such title;
                    (C) laboratory revitalization authority under 
                section 2805(d) of such title;
                    (D) the authority to carry out facility repair 
                projects, including the conversion of existing 
                facilities, under section 2811 of such title;
                    (E) the authority provided under the Defense 
                Laboratory Modernization Pilot Program under section 
                2803 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2358 
                note);
                    (F) methods that leverage funding from entities 
                outside the Department, including public-private 
                partnerships, enhanced use leases and real property 
                exchanges;
                    (G) the authority to conduct commercial test and 
                evaluation activities at a Major Range and Test Facility 
                Installation, under section 2681 of title 10, United 
                States Code; and
                    (H) any other authorities and methods determined to 
                be appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.
            (6) Identification of any regulatory or policy barriers to 
        the effective and efficient implementation of the master plan.

    (c) Consultation and Coordination.--In developing and implementing 
the plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) consult with existing and anticipated customers and 
        users of the capabilities of the Major Range and Test Facility 
        Base and science and technology reinvention laboratories;
            (2) ensure consistency with the science and technology 
        roadmaps and strategies of the Department of Defense and the 
        Armed Forces; and
            (3) ensure consistency with the strategic plan for test and 
        evaluation resources required by section 196(d) of title 10, 
        United States Code.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 
January 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the master plan developed under 
subsection (a).

    (e) Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation Infrastructure 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``research, development, test, and 
evaluation infrastructure'' means the infrastructure of--
            (1) the science and technology reinvention laboratories (as 
        designated under section 1105 of the National Defense

[[Page 133 STAT. 1287]]

        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note));
            (2) the Major Range and Test Facility Base (as defined in 
        section 2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); and
            (3) other facilities that support the research development, 
        test, and evaluation activities of the Department.
SEC. 253. ENERGETICS PLAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall, in coordination with the 
technical directors at defense laboratories and such other officials as 
the Under Secretary considers appropriate, develop an energetics 
research and development plan to ensure a long-term multi-domain 
research, development, prototyping, and experimentation effort that--
            (1) maintains United States technological superiority in 
        energetics technology critical to national security;
            (2) efficiently develops new energetics technologies and 
        transitions them into operational use, as appropriate; and
            (3) maintains a robust industrial base and workforce to 
        support Department of Defense requirements for energetic 
        materials.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall brief 
the congressional defense committees on the plan developed under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 254. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  STRATEGY AND 
                        IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR FIFTH GENERATION 
                        INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS 
                        TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 270 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
develop--
            (1) a strategy for harnessing fifth generation (commonly 
        known as ``5G'') information and communications technologies to 
        enhance military capabilities, maintain a technological 
        advantage on the battlefield, and accelerate the deployment of 
        new commercial products and services enabled by 5G networks 
        throughout the Department of Defense; and
            (2) a plan for implementing the strategy developed under 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Elements.--The strategy required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) Adoption and use of secure fourth generation (commonly 
        known as ``4G'') communications technologies and the transition 
        to advanced and secure 5G communications technologies for 
        military applications and for military infrastructure.
            (2) Science, technology, research, and development efforts 
        to facilitate the advancement and adoption of 5G technology and 
        new uses of 5G systems, subsystems, and components, including--
                    (A) 5G testbeds for developing military and dual-use 
                applications; and
                    (B) spectrum-sharing technologies and frameworks.
            (3) Strengthening engagement and outreach with industry, 
        academia, international partners, and other departments and 
        agencies of the Federal Government on issues relating to 5G 
        technology and the deployment of such technology, including

[[Page 133 STAT. 1288]]

        development of a common industrial base for secure 
        microelectronics.
            (4) Defense industrial base supply chain risk, management, 
        and opportunities.
            (5) Preserving the ability of the Joint Force to achieve 
        objectives in a contested and congested spectrum environment.
            (6) Strengthening the ability of the Joint Force to conduct 
        full spectrum operations that enhance the military advantages of 
        the United States.
            (7) Securing the information technology and weapon systems 
        of the Department against malicious activity.
            (8) Advancing the deployment of secure 5G networks 
        nationwide.
            (9) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant.

    (c) Consultation.--In developing the strategy and implementation 
plan required under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
consult with the following:
            (1) The Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
            (5) Service Acquisition Executives of each military service.

    (d) Periodic Briefings.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than March 
        15, 2020, and not less frequently than once every three months 
        thereafter through March 15, 2022, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing 
        on the development and implementation of the strategy required 
        under subsection (a), including an explanation of how the 
        Department of Defense--
                    (A) is using secure 5G wireless network technology;
                    (B) is reshaping the Department's policy for 
                producing and procuring secure microelectronics; and
                    (C) is working in the interagency and 
                internationally to develop common policies and 
                approaches.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include information on--
                    (A) efforts to ensure a secure supply chain for 5G 
                wireless network equipment and microelectronics;
                    (B) the continued availability of electromagnetic 
                spectrum for warfighting needs;
                    (C) planned implementation of 5G wireless network 
                infrastructure in warfighting networks, base 
                infrastructure, defense-related manufacturing, and 
                logistics;
                    (D) steps taken to work with allied and partner 
                countries to protect critical networks and supply 
                chains; and
                    (E) such other topics as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers relevant.
SEC. 255. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  DEPARTMENT-WIDE SOFTWARE 
                        SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  Designation of Senior 
Official.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1289]]

acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering and in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment and appropriate public and private sector 
organizations, shall designate a single official or existing entity 
within the Department of Defense as the official or entity (as the case 
may be) with principal responsibility for guiding the development of 
science and technology activities related to next generation software 
and software reliant systems for the Department, including--
            (1) research and development activities on new technologies 
        for the creation of highly secure, scalable, reliable, time-
        sensitive, and mission-critical software;
            (2) research and development activities on new approaches 
        and tools to software development and deployment, testing, 
        integration, and next generation software management tools to 
        support the rapid insertion of such software into defense 
        systems;
            (3) foundational scientific research activities to support 
        advances in software;
            (4) technical workforce and infrastructure to support 
        defense science and technology and software needs and mission 
        requirements;
            (5) providing capabilities, including technologies, systems, 
        and technical expertise to support improved acquisition of 
        software reliant business and warfighting systems; and
            (6) providing capabilities, including technologies, systems, 
        and technical expertise to support defense operational missions 
        which are reliant on software.

    (b) Development of Strategy.--The official or entity designated 
under subsection (a) shall develop a Department-wide strategy for the 
research and development of next generation software and software 
reliant systems for the Department of Defense, including strategies 
for--
            (1) types of software-related activities within the science 
        and technology portfolio of the Department;
            (2) investment in new approaches to software development and 
        deployment, and next generation management tools;
            (3) ongoing research and other support of academic, 
        commercial, and development community efforts to innovate the 
        software development, engineering, and testing process, 
        automated testing, assurance and certification for safety and 
        mission critical systems, large scale deployment, and 
        sustainment;
            (4) to the extent practicable, implementing or continuing 
        the implementation of the recommendations set forth in--
                    (A) the final report of the Defense Innovation Board 
                submitted to the congressional defense committees under 
                section 872 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
                1497);
                    (B) the final report of the Defense Science Board 
                Task Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for 
                Defense Systems described in section 868 of the John S. 
                McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2223 note); and
                    (C) other relevant studies on software research, 
                development, and acquisition activities of the 
                Department of Defense.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1290]]

            (5) supporting the acquisition, technology development, 
        testing, assurance, and certification and operational needs of 
        the Department through the development of capabilities, 
        including personnel and research and production infrastructure, 
        and programs in--
                    (A) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (B) the facilities of the Major Range and Test 
                Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of 
                title 10, United States Code);
                    (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; 
                and
                    (D) universities, federally funded research and 
                development centers, and service organizations with 
                activities in software engineering; and
            (6) the transition of relevant capabilities and technologies 
        to relevant programs of the Department, including software-
        reliant cyber-physical systems, tactical systems, enterprise 
        systems, and business systems.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Submittal to Congress.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the official or entity 
designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the strategy developed under subsection (b).
SEC. 256. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE EDUCATION STRATEGY.

    (a) Strategy Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        strategy for educating servicemembers in relevant occupational 
        fields on matters relating to artificial intelligence.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy developed under subsection (a) 
        shall include a curriculum designed to give servicemembers a 
        basic knowledge of artificial intelligence. The curriculum shall 
        include instruction in--
                    (A) artificial intelligence design;
                    (B) software coding;
                    (C) potential military applications for artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (D) the impact of artificial intelligence on 
                military strategy and doctrine;
                    (E) artificial intelligence decisionmaking via 
                machine learning and neural networks;
                    (F) ethical issues relating to artificial 
                intelligence;
                    (G) the potential biases of artificial intelligence;
                    (H) potential weakness in artificial intelligence 
                technology;
                    (I) opportunities and risks; and
                    (J) any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                determines to be relevant.

    (b) Implementation Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
plan for implementing the strategy developed under subsection (a).
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 270 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) the strategy developed under subsection (a); and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1291]]

            (2) the implementation plan developed under subsection (b).
SEC. 257. CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ROADMAP AND 
                        REPORTS.

    (a) Roadmap for Science and Technology Activities to Support 
Development of Cyber Capabilities.--
            (1) Roadmap required.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, shall develop a roadmap for science and technology 
        activities of the Department of Defense to support development 
        of cyber capabilities to meet Department needs and missions.
            (2) Goal of consistency.--The Secretary shall develop the 
        roadmap required by paragraph (1) to ensure consistency with 
        appropriate Federal interagency, industry, and academic 
        activities.
            (3) Scope.--The roadmap required by paragraph (1) shall--
                    (A) cover the development of capabilities that will 
                likely see operational use within the next 25 years or 
                earlier; and
                    (B) address cyber operations and cybersecurity.
            (4) Consultation.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap 
        required by paragraph (1) in consultation with the following:
                    (A) The Chief Information Officer of the Department.
                    (B) The secretaries and chiefs of the military 
                departments.
                    (C) The Director of Operational Test and Evaluation.
                    (D) The Commander of the United States Cyber 
                Command.
                    (E) The Director of the National Security Agency.
                    (F) The Director of the Defense Information Systems 
                Agency.
                    (G) The Director of the Defense Advanced Research 
                Projects Agency.
                    (H) The Director of the Defense Digital Service.
                    (I) Such interagency partners as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (5) Form.--The Secretary shall develop the roadmap required 
        by paragraph (1) in unclassified form, but may include a 
        classified annex.
            (6) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Publication.--The 
        Secretary shall make available to the public the unclassified 
        form of the roadmap developed pursuant to paragraph (1).

    (b) Annual Report on Cyber Science and Technology Activities.--
            (1) Annual reports required.--In fiscal years 2021, 2022, 
        and 2023, the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the science and technology activities within the 
        Department of Defense relating to cyber matters during the 
        previous fiscal year, the current fiscal year, and the following 
        fiscal year.
            (2) Contents.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) shall include, for the period covered by the report, a 
        description and listing of the science and technology activities

[[Page 133 STAT. 1292]]

        of the Department relating to cyber matters, including the 
        following:
                    (A) Extramural science and technology activities.
                    (B) Intramural science and technology activities.
                    (C) Major and minor military construction 
                activities.
                    (D) Major prototyping and demonstration programs.
                    (E) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of agreements and 
                activities to transition capabilities to acquisition 
                activities, including--
                          (i) national security systems;
                          (ii) business systems; and
                          (iii) enterprise and network systems.
                    (F) Efforts to enhance the national technical 
                cybersecurity workforce, including specific programs to 
                support education, training, internships, and hiring.
                    (G) Efforts to perform cooperative activities with 
                international partners.
                    (H) Efforts under the Small Business Innovation 
                Research and the Small Business Technology Transfer 
                Program, including estimated amounts to be expected in 
                the following fiscal year.
                    (I) Efforts to encourage partnerships between the 
                Department of Defense and universities participating in 
                the National Centers of Academic Excellence in Cyber 
                Operations and Cyber Defense.
            (3) Timing.--Each report submitted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted concurrently with the annual budget request 
        of the President submitted pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, 
        United States Code.
            (4) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
SEC. 258. REPORT ON B-52 COMMERCIAL ENGINE REPLACEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Documentation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the B-52 
commercial engine replacement program of the Air Force.
    (b) <<NOTE: Strategies.>>  Contents.--The report submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) The acquisition strategy of the Secretary for the 
        program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimates.>>  The cost and schedule estimates of 
        the Secretary for the program.
            (3) The key performance parameters or equivalent 
        requirements document for the program.
            (4) The test and evaluation strategy of the Secretary for 
        the program.
            (5) The logistics strategy of the Secretary for the program.
            (6) The post-production fielding strategy of the Secretary 
        for the program.
            (7) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the potential 
        for the commercial engine replacement to achieve nuclear system 
        certification.

    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2020 for the Air Force, 
not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of the Air Force

[[Page 133 STAT. 1293]]

submits to the congressional defense committees the report required by 
subsection (a).
SEC. 259. COMMERCIAL EDGE COMPUTING TECHNOLOGIES AND BEST 
                        PRACTICES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        WARFIGHTING SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on commercial edge computing technologies and best practices for 
Department of Defense warfighting systems.
    (b) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  Contents.--The report submitted under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) Identification of initial warfighting system programs of 
        record that will benefit most from accelerated insertion of 
        commercial edge computing technologies and best practices, 
        resulting in significant near-term improvement in system 
        performance and mission capability.
            (2) The plan of the Department of Defense to provide 
        additional funding for the systems identified in paragraph (1) 
        to achieve fielding of accelerated commercial edge computing 
        technologies before or during fiscal year 2021.
            (3) The plan of the Department to identify, manage, and 
        provide additional funding for commercial edge computing 
        technologies more broadly over the next four fiscal years where 
        appropriate for--
                    (A) command, control, communications, and 
                intelligence systems;
                    (B) logistics systems; and
                    (C) other mission-critical systems.
            (4) A detailed description of the policies, procedures, 
        budgets, and accelerated acquisition and contracting mechanisms 
        of the Department for near-term insertion of commercial edge 
        computing technologies and best practices into military mission-
        critical systems.
SEC. 260. BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                        CENTER.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and biannually thereafter through the end of 2023, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
(referred to in this section as the ``Center'').
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) Information relating to the mission and objectives of 
        the Center.
            (2) A description of the National Mission Initiatives, 
        Component Mission Initiatives, and any other initiatives of the 
        Center, including a description of--
                    (A) the activities carried out under the 
                initiatives;
                    (B) any investments made or contracts entered into 
                under the initiatives; and
                    (C) the progress of the initiatives.
            (3) A description of how the Center has sought to leverage 
        lessons learned, share best practices, avoid duplication of

[[Page 133 STAT. 1294]]

        efforts, and transition artificial intelligence research efforts 
        into operational capabilities by--
                    (A) collaborating with other organizations and 
                elements of the Department of Defense, including the 
                Defense Agencies and the military departments; and
                    (B) deconflicting the activities of the Center with 
                the activities of other organizations and elements of 
                the Department.
            (4) A description of any collaboration between--
                    (A) the Center and the private sector, national 
                laboratories, and academia; and
                    (B) the Center and international allies and 
                partners.
            (5) The total number of military, contractor, and civilian 
        personnel who are employed by the Center, assigned to the 
        Center, and performing functions in support of the Center.
            (6) A description of the organizational structure and 
        staffing of the Center.
            (7) A detailed description of the frameworks, metrics, and 
        capabilities established to measure the effectiveness of the 
        Center and the Center's investments in the National Mission 
        Initiatives and Component Mission Initiatives.
            (8) A description of any new policies, standards, or 
        guidance relating to artificial intelligence that have been 
        issued by the Chief Information Officer of the Department.
            (9) Identification of any ethical guidelines applicable to 
        the use of artificial intelligence by the Department.
            (10) A description of any steps taken by the Center to 
        protect systems that use artificial intelligence from any 
        attempts to misrepresent or alter information used or provided 
        by artificial intelligence.

    (c) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established 
pursuant to section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note).
SEC. 261. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING 
                        VEHICLE PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date. Time period. Briefings.>>  In General.--
Beginning not later than December 1, 2019, and on a quarterly basis 
thereafter through October 1, 2022, the Assistant Secretary shall 
provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a briefing on the progress of the Optionally Manned 
Fighting Vehicle program of the Army.

    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Optionally Manned Fighting Vehicle program, the 
following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Overview.>>  An overview of funding for the 
        program, including identification of--
                    (A) any obligations and expenditures that have been 
                made under the program; and
                    (B) any obligations and expenditures that are 
                planned for the program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Overview.>>  An overview of the program 
        schedule.
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the status of 
        the program with respect to--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1295]]

                    (A) the development and approval of technical 
                requirements;
                    (B) technological maturity;
                    (C) testing;
                    (D) delivery; and
                    (E) program management.
            (4) Any other matters that the Assistant Secretary considers 
        relevant to a full understanding of the status and plans of the 
        program.

    (c) Assistant Secretary Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Assistant Secretary'' means the Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology (or the designee of the Assistant 
Secretary), in consultation with the Commander of the Army Futures 
Command (or the designee of the Commander).
SEC. 262. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2362 note.>>  NATIONAL STUDY ON DEFENSE 
                        RESEARCH AT HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES 
                        AND UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER MINORITY 
                        INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter 
into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
and Medicine (referred to in this section as the ``National Academies'') 
under which the National Academies will conduct a study on the status of 
defense research at covered institutions and the methods and means 
necessary to advance research capacity at covered institutions to 
comprehensively address the national security and defense needs of the 
United States.
    (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall be 
known as the ``National Study on Defense Research At Historically Black 
Colleges and Universities and Other Minority Institutions''.
    (c) Elements.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall 
include an examination of each of the following:
            (1) The degree to which covered institutions are successful 
        in competing for and executing Department of Defense contracts 
        and grants for defense research.
            (2) Best practices for advancing the capacity of covered 
        institutions to compete for and conduct research programs 
        related to national security and defense.
            (3) The advancements and investments necessary to elevate 
        covered institutions to R2 status or R1 status on the Carnegie 
        Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, consistent 
        with the criteria of the classification system.
            (4) The facilities and infrastructure for defense-related 
        research at covered institutions as compared to the facilities 
        and infrastructure at institutions classified as R1 status on 
        the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.
            (5) Incentives to attract, recruit, and retain leading 
        research faculty to covered institutions.
            (6) Best practices of institutions classified as R1 status 
        on the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher 
        Education, including best practices with respect to--
                    (A) the establishment of a distinct legal entity 
                to--
                          (i) enter into contracts or receive grants 
                      from the Department;
                          (ii) lay the groundwork for future research 
                      opportunities;
                          (iii) develop research proposals;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1296]]

                          (iv) engage with defense research funding 
                      organizations; and
                          (v) execute the administration of grants; and
                    (B) determining the type of legal entity, if any, to 
                establish for the purposes described in subparagraph 
                (A).
            (7) The ability of covered institutions to develop, protect, 
        and commercialize intellectual property created through defense-
        related research.
            (8) The total amount of defense research funding awarded to 
        all institutions of higher education, including covered 
        institutions, through contracts and grants for each of fiscal 
        years 2010 through 2019 and, with respect to each such 
        institution--
                    (A) whether the institution established a distinct 
                legal entity to enter into contracts or receive grants 
                from the Department and, if so, the type of legal entity 
                that was established;
                    (B) the total value of contracts and grants awarded 
                to the institution of higher education for each of 
                fiscal years 2010 through 2019;
                    (C) the overhead rate of the institution of higher 
                education for fiscal year 2019;
                    (D) the institution's classification on the Carnegie 
                Classification of Institutions of Higher Education; and
                    (E) whether the institution qualifies as a covered 
                institution.
            (9) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for 
        strengthening and enhancing the programs executed under section 
        2362 of title 10, United States Code.
            (10) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations to 
        enhance the capacity of covered institutions to transition 
        research products into defense acquisition programs or 
        commercialization.
            (11) Previous executive or legislative actions by the 
        Federal Government to address imbalances in Federal research 
        funding, including such programs as the Defense Established 
        Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (commonly known as 
        ``DEPSCoR'').
            (12) The effectiveness of the Department in attracting and 
        retaining students specializing in science, technology, 
        engineering, and mathematics fields from covered institutions 
        for the Department's programs on emerging capabilities and 
        technologies.
            (13) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for the 
        development of incentives to encourage research and educational 
        collaborations between covered institutions and other 
        institutions of higher education.
            (14) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense determines 
        to be relevant to advancing the defense research capacity of 
        covered institutions.

    (d) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the President and the appropriate congressional 
        committees an initial report that includes--
                    (A) the findings of the study conducted under 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  any 
                recommendations that the National Academies may have for 
                action by the executive branch and Congress to improve 
                the participation of covered institutions in

[[Page 133 STAT. 1297]]

                Department of Defense research and any actions that may 
                be carried out to expand the research capacity of such 
                institutions.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than December 31, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the President and the 
        appropriate congressional committees a comprehensive report on 
        the results of the study required under subsection (a).
            (3) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Form of reports.--Each 
        report submitted under this subsection shall be made publicly 
        available.

    (e) Implementation Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), not later than March 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall commence implementation of each recommendation 
        included in the final report submitted under subsection (d)(2).
            (2) Exceptions.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation 
                described paragraph (1) later than March 1, 2022, if--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  the Secretary submits 
                      to the congressional defense committees written 
                      notice of the intent of the Secretary to delay 
                      implementation of the recommendation; and
                          (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a 
                      specific justification for the delay in 
                      implementing the recommendation.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
                elect not to implement a recommendation described in 
                paragraph (1), if--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  the Secretary submits 
                      to the congressional defense committees written 
                      notice of the intent of the Secretary not to 
                      implement the recommendation; and
                          (ii) includes, as part of such notice--
                                    (I) the reasons for the Secretary's 
                                decision not to implement the 
                                recommendation; and
                                    (II) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary 
                                of alternative actions the Secretary 
                                will carry out to address the purposes 
                                underlying the recommendation.
            (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
        Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees an implementation 
        plan that includes--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of actions that 
                have been, or will be, carried out to implement the 
                recommendation; and
                    (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for 
                completing the implementation of the recommendation.

    (f) <<NOTE: Consultation. Public information. Web posting.>>  List 
of Covered Institutions.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Secretary of Education and the Presidents of the National Academies, 
shall make available a list identifying each covered institution 
examined as part of the study under subsection (a). The list shall be 
made available on a publicly accessible website and shall be updated not 
less frequently than once annually until the date on which the final 
report is submitted under subsection (d)(2).

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1298]]

            (1) The term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
        means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and 
                Pensions of the Senate; and
                    (C) the Committee on Education and Labor of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``covered institution'' means--
                    (A) a part B institution (as that term is defined in 
                section 322(2) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1061(2)); or
                    (B) any other institution of higher education (as 
                that term is defined in section 101 of such Act (20 
                U.S.C. 1001)) at which not less than 50 percent of the 
                total student enrollment consists of students from 
                ethnic groups that are underrepresented in the fields of 
                science and engineering.
SEC. 263. STUDY ON NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING BIOTECHNOLOGIES FOR 
                        THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Study Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 30 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall direct the Defense Science Board to carry out a 
        study on emerging biotechnologies pertinent to national 
        security.
            (2) Participation.--Participants in the study shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) Such members of the Board as the Chairman of the 
                Board considers appropriate for the study.
                    (B) Such additional temporary members or contracted 
                support as the Secretary--
                          (i) selects from those recommended by the 
                      Chairman for purposes of the study; and
                          (ii) considers to have significant technical, 
                      policy, or military expertise.
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The study conducted 
        pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Reviews.>>  A review of the military 
                understanding and relevancy of applications of emerging 
                biotechnologies to national security requirements of the 
                Department of Defense, including--
                          (i) a review of all research and development 
                      relating to emerging biotechnologies within the 
                      Department of Defense, including areas that demand 
                      further priority and investment;
                          (ii) a review of interagency cooperation and 
                      collaboration on research and development relating 
                      to emerging biotechnologies between--
                                    (I) the Department;
                                    (II) other departments and agencies 
                                in the Federal Government; and
                                    (III) appropriate private sector 
                                entities that are involved in research 
                                and development relating to emerging 
                                biotechnologies;
                          (iii) an assessment of current biotechnology 
                      research in the commercial sector, institutions of 
                      higher education, the intelligence community, and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1299]]

                      civilian agencies of the Federal Government 
                      relevant to critical Department of Defense 
                      applications of this research;
                          (iv) an assessment of the potential national 
                      security risks of emerging biotechnologies, 
                      including risks relating to foreign powers 
                      advancing their use of emerging biotechnologies 
                      for military applications and other purposes 
                      faster than the Department; and
                          (v) an assessment of the knowledge base of the 
                      Department with respect to emerging 
                      biotechnologies, including scientific expertise 
                      and infrastructure in the Department and the 
                      capacity of the Department to integrate emerging 
                      biotechnologies into its operational concepts, 
                      capabilities, and forces.
                    (B) An assessment of the technical basis within the 
                Department used to inform the intelligence community of 
                the Department's collection and analysis needs relating 
                to emerging biotechnologies.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Development of a 
                recommendation on a definition of emerging 
                biotechnologies, as appropriate for the Department.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Development of 
                such recommendations as the Board may have for 
                legislative or administrative action relating to 
                national security emerging biotechnologies for the 
                Department.
            (4) Access to information.--The Secretary shall provide the 
        Board with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
        resources, and analysis so that the Board may conduct a thorough 
        and independent analysis as required under this section.
            (5) Report.--(A) Not later than one year after the date on 
        which the Secretary directs the Board to conduct the study 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), the Board shall transmit to the 
        Secretary a final report on the study.
            (B) Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary receives the final report under subparagraph (A), the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
        such report and such comments as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing Required.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall provide the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
potential national security risks of emerging biotechnologies, including 
risks relating to foreign powers advancing their use of emerging 
biotechnologies for military applications and other purposes faster than 
the Department.
SEC. 264. <<NOTE: Reports.>>  INDEPENDENT STUDY ON OPTIMIZING 
                        RESOURCES ALLOCATED TO COMBATING TERRORISM 
                        TECHNICAL SUPPORT OFFICE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Contracts.>>  Independent Study.--Not later 
than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense shall seek to enter into a contract with a federally funded 
research and development center under which the center will conduct a 
study on the optimal use of resources allocated to the Combating 
Terrorism Technical Support Office.

    (b) Elements of Study.--In carrying out the study referred to in 
subsection (a), the federally funded research and development

[[Page 133 STAT. 1300]]

center with which the Secretary enters into a contract under such 
subsection shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  evaluate the current mission and 
        organization of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office 
        and its relation to the objectives outlined in the National 
        Defense Strategy;
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  assess the extent to which the 
        activities of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office 
        are complementary to and coordinated with other relevant 
        activities by other Department of Defense entities, including 
        activities of the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment, United States Special Operations Command, and the 
        military departments; and
            (3) identify opportunities to improve the efficiency and 
        effectiveness of the Combating Terrorism Technical Support 
        Office, including through increased coordination, realignment, 
        or consolidation with other entities of the Department of 
        Defense, if appropriate.

    (c) Submission to Department of Defense.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the federally funded 
research and development center that conducts the study under subsection 
(a) shall submit to the Secretary of Defense a report on the results of 
the study in both classified and unclassified form.
    (d) <<NOTE: Records.>>  Submission to Congress.--Not later than 30 
days after the date on which the Secretary of Defense receives the 
report under subsection (c), the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an unaltered copy of the report in both 
classified and unclassified form, and such comments as the Secretary may 
have with respect to the report.
SEC. 265. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS AND 
                        PROGRAMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Assessment.--Not later than 120 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act and pursuant to the arrangement 
entered into under section 222, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
engage the private scientific advisory group known as ``JASON'' to carry 
out an independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and programs.

    (b) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Elements.--In carrying out the 
assessment under subsection (a), JASON shall--
            (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
        doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the electronic 
        warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum operations;
            (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
        doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and the 
        Russian Federation, related to the such mission area and 
        operations;
            (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the 
        strategies, programs, and doctrine of the Department of Defense 
        in order to enable the United States to achieve and maintain 
        superiority in the electromagnetic spectrum in future conflicts; 
        and
            (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary of Defense, 
        Congress, and such other Federal entities as JASON considers 
        appropriate, including recommendations for--
                    (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1301]]

                    (B) improving cooperation and appropriate 
                integration within the Department of Defense entities;
                    (C) improving cooperation between the United States 
                and other countries and international organizations as 
                appropriate; and
                    (D) such other important matters identified by JASON 
                that are directly relevant to the strategies of the 
                Department of Defense described in paragraph (3).

    (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary of Defense shall appoint appropriate 
liaisons to JASON to support the timely conduct of the services covered 
by this section.
    (d) Materials.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide access to 
JASON to materials relevant to the services covered by this section, 
consistent with the protection of sources and methods and other 
critically sensitive information.
    (e) Clearances.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
appropriate members and staff of JASON have the necessary clearances, 
obtained in an expedited manner, to conduct the services covered by this 
section.
    (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the results of the assessment carried out under subsection (a), 
including--
            (1) the results of the assessment with respect to each 
        element described in subsection (b);
            (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
        subsection.

    (g) Relationship to Other Law.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) is separate and independent from the assessment described 
in section 255 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1705) and shall be 
carried out without regard to any agreement entered into under that 
section or the results of any assessment conducted pursuant to such 
agreement.
SEC. 266. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO GLOBAL RESEARCH WATCH PROGRAM.

    Section 2365 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsections (a) and (d)(2), by striking ``Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering'' both places 
        it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering'';
            (2) in subsections (d)(3) and (e), by striking ``Assistant 
        Secretary'' both places it appears and inserting ``Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''; and
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``Assistant Secretary'' 
        both places it appears and inserting ``Under Secretary''.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Timeline for Clearinghouse review of applications for energy 
           projects that may have an adverse impact on military 
           operations and readiness.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1302]]

Sec. 312. Authority to accept contributions of funds from applicants for 
           energy projects for mitigation of impacts on military 
           operations and readiness.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sale of recyclable materials.
Sec. 314. Disposal of recyclable materials.
Sec. 315. Department of Defense improvement of previously conveyed 
           utility systems serving military installations.
Sec. 316. Modification of Department of Defense environmental 
           restoration authorities to include Federal Government 
           facilities used by National Guard.
Sec. 317. Use of operational energy cost savings of Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 318. Sale of electricity from alternate energy and cogeneration 
           production facilities.
Sec. 319. Energy resilience programs and activities.
Sec. 320. Technical and grammatical corrections and repeal of obsolete 
           provisions relating to energy.
Sec. 321. Transfer authority for funding of study and assessment on 
           health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
           contamination in drinking water by Agency for Toxic 
           Substances and Disease Registry.
Sec. 322. Replacement of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam with 
           fluorine-free fire-fighting agent.
Sec. 323. Prohibition of uncontrolled release of fluorinated aqueous 
           film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 324. Prohibition on use of fluorinated aqueous film forming foam 
           for training exercises.
Sec. 325. Real-time sound-monitoring at Navy installations where 
           tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 326. Development of extreme weather vulnerability and risk 
           assessment tool.
Sec. 327. Removal of barriers that discourage investments to increase 
           military installation resilience.
Sec. 328. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to extreme 
           weather.
Sec. 329. Prohibition on Perfluoroalkyl Substances and Polyfluoroalkyl 
           Substances in Meals Ready-to-Eat Food Packaging.
Sec. 330. Disposal of materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
           substances or aqueous film-forming foam.
Sec. 331. Agreements to share monitoring data relating to perfluoroalkyl 
           and polyfluoroalkyl substances and other contaminants of 
           concern.
Sec. 332. Cooperative agreements with States to address contamination by 
           perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Plan to phase out use of burn pits.
Sec. 334. Information relating to locations of burn pit use.
Sec. 335. Data quality review of radium testing conducted at certain 
           locations of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 336. Reimbursement of Environmental Protection Agency for certain 
           costs in connection with the Twin Cities Army Ammunition 
           Plant, Minnesota.
Sec. 337. Pilot program for availability of working-capital funds for 
           increased combat capability through energy optimization.
Sec. 338. Report on efforts to reduce high energy intensity at military 
           installations.

 Subtitle C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations

Sec. 341. Short title.
Sec. 342. Definitions.
Sec. 343. Provision of water uncontaminated with perfluorooctanoic acid 
           (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) for agricultural 
           purposes.
Sec. 344. Acquisition of real property by Air Force.
Sec. 345. Remediation plan.

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 351. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives.
Sec. 352. Clarification of authority regarding use of working-capital 
           funds for unspecified minor military construction projects 
           related to revitalization and recapitalization of defense 
           industrial base facilities.
Sec. 353. Modification to limitation on length of overseas forward 
           deployment of naval vessels.
Sec. 354. Extension of temporary installation reutilization authority 
           for arsenals, depots, and plants.
Sec. 355. F-35 Joint Strike Fighter sustainment.
Sec. 356. Report on strategic policy for prepositioned materiel and 
           equipment.
Sec. 357. Pilot program to train skilled technicians in critical 
           shipbuilding skills.
Sec. 358. Requirement for military department inter-service depot 
           maintenance.
Sec. 359. Strategy to improve infrastructure of certain depots of the 
           Department of Defense.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

Sec. 361. Readiness reporting.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1303]]

Sec. 362. Technical correction to deadline for transition to Defense 
           Readiness Reporting System Strategic.
Sec. 363. Report on Navy ship depot maintenance budget.
Sec. 364. Report on Runit Dome.
Sec. 365. Prohibition on subjective upgrades by commanders of unit 
           ratings in monthly readiness reporting on military units.
Sec. 366. Requirement to include foreign language proficiency in 
           readiness reporting systems of Department of Defense.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 371. Prevention of encroachment on military training routes and 
           military operations areas.
Sec. 372. Expansion and enhancement of authorities on transfer and 
           adoption of military animals.
Sec. 373. Extension of authority for Secretary of Defense to use 
           Department of Defense reimbursement rate for transportation 
           services provided to certain non-Department of Defense 
           entities.
Sec. 374. Extension of authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
           non-premium aviation insurance.
Sec. 375. Defense personal property program.
Sec. 376. Public events about Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 377. Sense of Congress regarding Innovative Readiness Training 
           program.
Sec. 378. Detonation chambers for explosive ordnance disposal.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. TIMELINE FOR CLEARINGHOUSE REVIEW OF APPLICATIONS FOR 
                        ENERGY PROJECTS THAT MAY HAVE AN ADVERSE 
                        IMPACT ON MILITARY OPERATIONS AND 
                        READINESS.

    Section 183a(c)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``60 days'' and inserting ``75 days''.
SEC. 312. AUTHORITY TO ACCEPT CONTRIBUTIONS OF FUNDS FROM 
                        APPLICANTS FOR ENERGY PROJECTS FOR 
                        MITIGATION OF IMPACTS ON MILITARY 
                        OPERATIONS AND READINESS.

    Section 183a(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``for a project filed with the Secretary of Transportation 
pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and inserting ``for an energy 
project''.
SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALE OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

    Section 2577(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$2,000,000'' and inserting ``$10,000,000''.
SEC. 314. DISPOSAL OF RECYCLABLE MATERIALS.

    Section 2577(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this section, the term `recyclable 
materials' may include any quality recyclable material provided to the 
Department by a State or local government entity, if such material is 
authorized

[[Page 133 STAT. 1304]]

by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and identified in the 
regulations prescribed under paragraph (1).''.
SEC. 315. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IMPROVEMENT OF PREVIOUSLY CONVEYED 
                        UTILITY SYSTEMS SERVING MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS.

    Section 2688 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (k) as subsection (l); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (j) the following new 
        subsection (k):

    ``(k) Improvement of Conveyed Utility Systems.--In the case of a 
utility system that is conveyed under this section and that only 
provides utility services to a military installation, the Secretary 
concerned may use amounts authorized to be appropriated for military 
construction to improve the reliability, resilience, efficiency, 
physical security, or cybersecurity of the utility system.''.
SEC. 316. MODIFICATION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL 
                        RESTORATION AUTHORITIES TO INCLUDE FEDERAL 
                        GOVERNMENT FACILITIES USED BY NATIONAL 
                        GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Section 2707 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Authority for National Guard Projects.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (a) of this section and section 2701(c)(1) of this title, the 
Secretary concerned may use funds described in subsection (c) to carry 
out an environmental restoration project at a facility in response to 
perfluorooctanoic acid or perfluorooctane sulfonate contamination under 
this chapter or CERCLA.''.
    (b) Definition of Facility.--Section 2700(2) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``The terms'' and inserting ``(A) The 
        terms''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) The term `facility' includes real property that is 
        owned by, leased to, or otherwise possessed by the United States 
        at locations at which military activities are conducted under 
        this title or title 32 (including real property owned or leased 
        by the Federal Government that is licensed to and operated by a 
        State for training for the National Guard).''.

    (c) Inclusion of Pollutants and Contaminants in Environmental 
Response Actions.--Section 2701(c) of such title is amended by inserting 
``or pollutants or contaminants'' after ``hazardous substances'' each 
place it appears.
    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2700 note.>>  Savings Clause.--Nothing in this 
section, or the amendments made by this section, shall affect any 
requirement or authority under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601 et seq.).
SEC. 317. USE OF OPERATIONAL ENERGY COST SAVINGS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    Section 2912 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``subsection (b)'' and 
        inserting ``subsection (b) or (c), as the case may be,'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``Except as provided in subsection (c) with respect to 
        operational energy cost savings, the Secretary of Defense'';

[[Page 133 STAT. 1305]]

            (3) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) Use of Operational Energy Cost Savings.--The amount that 
remains available for obligation under subsection (a) that relates to 
operational energy cost savings realized by the Department shall be used 
for the implementation of additional operational energy resilience, 
efficiencies, mission assurance, energy conservation, or energy security 
within the department, agency, or instrumentality that realized that 
savings.''.
SEC. 318. SALE OF ELECTRICITY FROM ALTERNATE ENERGY AND 
                        COGENERATION PRODUCTION FACILITIES.

    Section 2916(b)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``shall be available'' and all that follows 
        and inserting ``shall be provided directly to the commander of 
        the military installation in which the geothermal energy 
        resource is located to be used for--''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new clauses:
                    ``(i) military construction projects described in 
                paragraph (2) that benefit the military installation 
                where the geothermal energy resource is located; or
                    ``(ii) energy or water security projects that--
                          ``(I) benefit the military installation where 
                      the geothermal energy resource is located;
                          ``(II) the commander of the military 
                      installation determines are necessary; and
                          ``(III) are directly coordinated with local 
                      area energy or groundwater governing 
                      authorities.''.
SEC. 319. ENERGY RESILIENCE PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Modification of Annual Energy Management and Resilience 
Report.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
        Readiness'' after ``Mission Assurance'';
            (2) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting 
        ``The Secretary shall ensure that mission operators of critical 
        facilities provide to personnel of military installations any 
        information necessary for the completion of such report.'' after 
        ``by the Secretary.'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), in the matter preceding subparagraph 
        (A), by striking ``megawatts'' and inserting ``electric and 
        thermal loads''; and
            (4) in paragraph (5), by striking ``megawatts'' and 
        inserting ``electric and thermal loads''.

    (b) Funding for Energy Program Offices.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  In general.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of 
        the military departments shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report stating whether the program offices 
        specified in paragraph (2) are funded--
                    (A) at proper levels to ensure that the energy 
                resilience requirements of the Department of Defense are 
                met; and
                    (B) at levels that are not less than in any previous 
                fiscal year.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1306]]

            (2) Program offices specified.--The program offices 
        specified in this paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The Power Reliability Enhancement Program of the 
                Army.
                    (B) The Office of Energy Initiatives of the Army.
                    (C) The Office of Energy Assurance of the Air Force.
                    (D) The Resilient Energy Program Office of the Navy.
            (3) Funding plan.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Time period. Effective date.>>  In 
                general.--The Secretaries of the military departments 
                shall include in the report submitted under paragraph 
                (1) a funding plan for the next five fiscal years 
                beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act to 
                ensure that funding levels are, at a minimum, maintained 
                during that period.
                    (B) Elements.--The funding plan under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include, for each fiscal year covered by the 
                plan, an identification of the amounts to be used for 
                the accomplishment of energy resilience goals and 
                objectives.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2866 note.>>  Establishment of Targets for Water 
Use.--The Secretary of Defense shall, where life-cycle cost-effective, 
improve water use efficiency and management by the Department of 
Defense, including storm water management, by--
            (1) installing water meters and collecting and using water 
        balance data of buildings and facilities to improve water 
        conservation and management;
            (2) reducing industrial, landscaping, and agricultural water 
        consumption in gallons by two percent annually through fiscal 
        year 2030 relative to a baseline of such consumption by the 
        Department in fiscal year 2010; and
            (3) installing appropriate sustainable infrastructure 
        features on installations of the Department to help with storm 
        water and wastewater management.
SEC. 320. TECHNICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CORRECTIONS AND REPEAL OF 
                        OBSOLETE PROVISIONS RELATING TO ENERGY.

    (a) Technical and Grammatical Corrections.--
            (1) Technical corrections.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 2913(c), by striking ``government'' 
                and inserting ``government or''; and
                    (B) in section 2926(d)(1), in the second sentence, 
                by striking ``Defense Agencies'' and inserting ``the 
                Defense Agencies''.
            (2) Grammatical corrections.--Such title is further 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 2922a(d), by striking ``resilience 
                are prioritized and included'' and inserting ``energy 
                resilience are included as critical factors''; and
                    (B) in section 2925(a)(3), by striking ``impacting 
                energy'' and all that follows through the period at the 
                end and inserting ``degrading energy resilience at 
                military installations (excluding planned outages for 
                maintenance reasons), whether caused by on- or off-
                installation disruptions, including the total number of 
                outages and their locations, the duration of each 
                outage, the financial effect of each outage, whether or 
                not the mission was affected, the downtimes (in minutes 
                or hours) the mission can afford

[[Page 133 STAT. 1307]]

                based on mission requirements and risk tolerances, the 
                responsible authority managing the utility, and measures 
                taken to mitigate the outage by the responsible 
                authority.''.

    (b) Clarification of Applicability of Conflicting Amendments Made by 
2018 Defense Authorization Act.--Section 2911(e) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Opportunities to reduce the current rate of 
        consumption of energy, the future demand for energy, and the 
        requirement for the use of energy.
            ``(2) Opportunities to enhance energy resilience to ensure 
        the Department of Defense has the ability to prepare for and 
        recover from energy disruptions that affect mission assurance on 
        military installations.''; and
            (2) by striking the second paragraph (13).

    (c) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of section 2926 of such 
        title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2926. Operational energy''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 173 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2924 
        prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        2926 and inserting the following new item:

``2926. Operational energy.''.

SEC. 321. TRANSFER AUTHORITY FOR FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT 
                        ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
                        POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION 
                        IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY FOR TOXIC 
                        SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350), as amended by 
section 315(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is amended <<NOTE: 132 Stat. 
1713.>>  by striking ``2019 and 2020'' and inserting ``2019, 2020, and 
2021''.
SEC. 322. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note prec.>>  REPLACEMENT OF 
                        FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM WITH 
                        FLUORINE-FREE FIRE-FIGHTING AGENT.

    (a) Use of Fluorine-free Foam at Military Installations.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Publication.>>  Military 
        specification.--Not later than January 31, 2023, the Secretary 
        of the Navy shall publish a military specification for a 
        fluorine-free fire-fighting agent for use at all military 
        installations and ensure that such agent is available for use by 
        not later than October 1, 2023.
            (2) <<NOTE: Implementation plan.>>  Report to congress.--
        Concurrent with publication of the military specification under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report containing a detailed 
        plan for implementing the transition to a fluorine-free fire-
        fighting agent by not later than October 1, 2023. The report 
        shall include--
                    (A) a detailed description of the progress of the 
                Department of Defense to identify a fluorine-free fire-
                fighting agent for use as a replacement fire-fighting 
                agent at military installations;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1308]]

                    (B) a description of any technology and equipment 
                required to implement the replacement fire-fighting 
                agent;
                    (C) funding requirements, by fiscal year, to 
                implement the replacement fire-fighting agent, including 
                funding for the procurement of a replacement fire-
                fighting agent, required equipment, and infrastructure 
                improvements;
                    (D) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a detailed timeline of 
                remaining required actions to implement such 
                replacement.

    (b) <<NOTE: Expiration date.>>  Limitation.--No amount authorized to 
be appropriated or otherwise made available for the Department of 
Defense may be obligated or expended after October 1, 2023, to procure 
fire-fighting foam that contains in excess of one part per billion of 
perfluoroalkyl substances and polyfluoroalkyl substances.

    (c) <<NOTE: Expiration date.>>  Prohibition on Use.--Fluorinated 
aqueous film-forming foam may not be used at any military installation 
on or after the earlier of the following dates:
            (1) October 1, 2024.
            (2) The date on which the Secretary determines that 
        compliance with the prohibition under this subsection is 
        possible.

    (d) Exemption for Shipboard Use.--Subsections (b) and (c) shall not 
apply to firefighting foam for use solely onboard ocean-going vessels.
    (e) Waiver.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Subject to the 
        limitations under paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense may 
        waive the prohibition under subsection (c) with respect to the 
        use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam, if, by not later 
        than 60 days prior to issuing the waiver, the Secretary--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  provides to the 
                congressional defense committees a briefing on the basis 
                for the waiver and the progress to develop and field a 
                fluorine-free fire-fighting agent that meets the 
                military specifications issued pursuant to subsection 
                (a), which includes--
                          (i) detailed data on the progress made to 
                      identify a replacement fluorine-free fire-fighting 
                      agent;
                          (ii) a description of the range of technology 
                      and equipment-based solutions analyzed to 
                      implement replacement;
                          (iii) a description of the funding, by fiscal 
                      year, applied towards research, development, test, 
                      and evaluation of replacement firefighting agents 
                      and equipment-based solutions;
                          (iv) a description of any completed and 
                      projected infrastructure changes;
                          (v) a description of acquisition actions made 
                      in support of developing and fielding the 
                      fluorine-free fire-fighting agent;
                          (vi) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  an updated timeline 
                      for the completion of the transition to use of the 
                      fluorine-free fire-fighting agent; and
                          (vii) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of the 
                      categories of installation infrastructure or 
                      specific mobile firefighting equipment sets that 
                      require the waiver along with the justification;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  submits to the 
                congressional defense committees certification in 
                writing, that--
                          (i) the waiver is necessary for either 
                      installation infrastructure, mobile firefighting 
                      equipment, or both;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1309]]

                          (ii) the waiver is necessary for the 
                      protection of life and safety;
                          (iii) no agent or equipment solutions are 
                      available that meet the military specific issued 
                      pursuant to subsection (a);
                          (iv) the military specification issued 
                      pursuant to subsection (a) is still valid and does 
                      not require revision; and
                          (v) includes details of the measures in place 
                      to minimize the release of and exposure to 
                      fluorinated compounds in fluorinated aqueous film-
                      forming foam; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Public notice.>>  provides for public 
                notice of the waiver.
            (2) Limitation.--The following limitations apply to a waiver 
        issued under this subsection:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Applicability. Time period.>>  Such a 
                waiver shall apply for a period that does not exceed one 
                year.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Extension. Time period.>>  The Secretary 
                may extend such a waiver once for an additional period 
                that does not exceed one year, if the requirements under 
                paragraph (1) are met as of the date of the extension of 
                the waiver.
                    (C) The authority to grant a waiver under this 
                subsection may not be delegated below the level of the 
                Secretary of Defense.

    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``perfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
        substances for which all of the H atoms attached to C atoms in 
        the nonfluorinated substance from which they are notionally 
        derived have been replaced by F atoms, except those H atoms 
        whose substitution would modify the nature of any functional 
        groups present.
            (2) The term ``polyfluoroalkyl substances'' means aliphatic 
        substances for which all H atoms attached to at least one (but 
        not all) C atoms have been replaced by F atoms, in such a manner 
        that they contain the perfluoroalkyl moiety CnF2n+1_ (for 
        example, C8F17CH2CH2OH).
SEC. 323. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note prec.>>  PROHIBITION OF 
                        UNCONTROLLED RELEASE OF FLUORINATED 
                        AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided by subsection (b), the 
Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the uncontrolled release of 
fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam (hereinafter in this section 
referred to as ``AFFF'') at military installations.
    (b) Exceptions.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), fluorinated AFFF 
may be released at military installations as follows:
            (1) AFFF may be released for purposes of an emergency 
        response.
            (2) A non-emergency release of AFFF may be made for the 
        purposes of testing of equipment or training of personnel, if 
        complete containment, capture, and proper disposal mechanisms 
        are in place to ensure no AFFF is released into the environment.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1310]]

SEC. 324. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note prec.>>  PROHIBITION ON USE OF 
                        FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM FORMING FOAM FOR 
                        TRAINING EXERCISES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall prohibit the use of fluorinated 
aqueous film forming foam for training exercises at military 
installations.
SEC. 325. REAL-TIME SOUND-MONITORING AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS WHERE 
                        TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    (a) Monitoring.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct real-time 
sound-monitoring at no fewer than two Navy installations and their 
associated outlying landing fields on the west coast of the United 
States where Navy combat coded F/A-18, E/A-18G, or F-35 aircraft are 
based and operate and noise contours have been developed through noise 
modeling. Sound monitoring under such study shall be conducted--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  during times of high, medium, 
        and low activity over the course of a 12-month period; and
            (2) along and in the vicinity of flight paths used to 
        approach and depart the selected installations and their 
        outlying landing fields.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Plan for Additional Monitoring.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a plan 
for real-time sound monitoring described in subsection (a) in the 
vicinity of training areas predominantly overflown by tactical fighter 
aircraft from the selected installations and outlying landing fields, 
including training areas that consist of real property administered by 
the Federal Government (including Department of Defense, Department of 
Interior, and Department of Agriculture), State and local governments, 
and privately owned land with the permission of the owner.

    (c) Report Required.--Not later than December 1, 2020, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the monitoring required under subsection (a). Such report 
shall include--
            (1) the results of such monitoring;
            (2) a comparison of such monitoring and the noise contours 
        previously developed with the analysis and modeling methods 
        previously used;
            (3) an overview of any changes to the analysis and modeling 
        process that have been made or are being considered as a result 
        of the findings of such monitoring; and
            (4) any other matters that the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

    (d) <<NOTE: Web posting.>>  Public Availability of Monitoring 
Results.--The Secretary shall make the results of the monitoring 
required under subsection (a) publicly available on a website of the 
Department of Defense.
SEC. 326. DEVELOPMENT OF EXTREME WEATHER VULNERABILITY AND RISK 
                        ASSESSMENT TOOL.

    (a) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall consult with the entities described in subsection (b) to determine 
whether an existing climate vulnerability and risk assessment tool is 
available or can be adapted to be used to quantify the risks associated 
with extreme weather events and the impact of such events on

[[Page 133 STAT. 1311]]

networks, systems, installations, facilities, and other assets to inform 
mitigation planning and infrastructure development.

    (b) Consultation.--In determining the availability of an appropriate 
tool to use or adapt for use under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
consult with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, 
the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the Interior, the 
Administrator of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
Commander of the Army Corps of Engineers, the Administrator of the 
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, a federally funded 
research and development center, and the heads of such other relevant 
Federal agencies as the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
    (c) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Best Available Science.--Before 
choosing a tool for use or adaptation for use under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall obtain from a federally funded research and development 
center with which the Secretary has consulted under subsection (b) a 
certification in writing that the tool relies on the best publicly 
available science for the prediction of extreme weather risk and 
effective mitigation of that risk.

    (d) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the implementation of this section. Such report 
shall include--
            (1) in the case that a tool has been chosen under subsection 
        (a) before the date of the submittal of the report, a 
        description of the tool and how such tool will be used by the 
        Department; or
            (2) <<NOTE: Plan. Cost estimate. Timeframe.>>  in the case 
        that the Secretary determines that no available tool meets the 
        requirements of the Department as described in subsection (a) or 
        is readily adaptable for use, a plan for the development of such 
        a tool, including the estimated cost and timeframe for 
        development of such a tool.
SEC. 327. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2864 note.>>  REMOVAL OF BARRIERS THAT 
                        DISCOURAGE INVESTMENTS TO INCREASE 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATION RESILIENCE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) identify and seek to remove barriers that discourage 
        investments to increase military installation resilience;
            (2) reform policies and programs that unintentionally 
        increased the vulnerability of systems to related extreme 
        weather events; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Time period. Adaptation plan. Assessment.>>  
        develop, and update at least once every four years, an 
        adaptation plan to assess how climate impacts affected the 
        ability of the Department of Defense to accomplish its mission, 
        and the short-and long- term actions the Department can take to 
        ensure military installation resilience.

    (b) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Military Installation Resilience.--In 
this section, the term ``military installation resilience'' has the 
meaning given such term in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United States 
Code.
SEC. 328. <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 note.>>  BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE RELATING TO EXTREME WEATHER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall include in the 
annual budget submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code--
            (1) a dedicated budget line item for adaptation to, and 
        mitigation of, effects of extreme weather on military networks,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1312]]

        systems, installations, facilities, and other assets and 
        capabilities of the Department of Defense; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  an estimate of the anticipated 
        adverse impacts to the readiness of the Department and the 
        financial costs to the Department during the year covered by the 
        budget of the loss of, or damage to, military networks, systems, 
        installations, facilities, and other assets and capabilities of 
        the Department, including loss of or obstructed access to 
        training ranges, as a result extreme weather events.

    (b) Disaggregation of Impacts and Costs.--The estimate under 
subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the adverse readiness impacts and 
financial costs under that subsection by military department, Defense 
Agency, and other component or element of the Department.
    (c) Extreme Weather Defined.--In this section, the term ``extreme 
weather'' means recurrent flooding, drought, desertification, wildfires, 
and thawing permafrost.
SEC. 329. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  PROHIBITION ON 
                        PERFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND 
                        POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES IN MEALS READY-
                        TO-EAT FOOD PACKAGING.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Prohibition.--Not later than October 1, 
2021, the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency shall ensure that any 
food contact substances that are used to assemble and package meals 
ready-to-eat (MREs) procured by the Defense Logistics Agency do not 
contain any perfluoroalkyl substances or polyfluoroalkyl substances.

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Perfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``perfluoroalkyl 
        substance'' means a man-made chemical of which all of the carbon 
        atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms.
            (2) Polyfluoroalkyl substance.--The term ``polyfluoroalkyl 
        substance'' means a man-made chemical containing a mix of fully 
        fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, 
        and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
SEC. 330. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS 
                        CONTAINING PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                        SUBSTANCES OR AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that when 
materials containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (referred to in 
this section as ``PFAS'') or aqueous film forming foam (referred to in 
this section as ``AFFF'') are disposed--
            (1) all incineration is conducted at a temperature range 
        adequate to break down PFAS chemicals while also ensuring the 
        maximum degree of reduction in emission of PFAS, including 
        elimination of such emissions where achievable;
            (2) all incineration is conducted in accordance with the 
        requirements of the Clean Air Act (42 USC 7401 et seq.), 
        including controlling hydrogen fluoride;
            (3) any materials containing PFAS that are designated for 
        disposal are stored in accordance with the requirement under 
        part 264 of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations; and
            (4) all incineration is conducted at a facility that has 
        been permitted to receive waste regulated under subtitle C of 
        the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 USC 6921 et seq.).

    (b) Scope of Application.--The requirements in subsection (a) only 
apply to all legacy AFFF formulations containing PFAS,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1313]]

materials contaminated by AFFF release, and spent filters or other PFAS 
contaminated materials resulting from site remediation or water 
filtration that--
            (1) have been used by the Department of Defense or a 
        military department; or
            (2) are being discarded for disposal by means of 
        incineration by the Department of Defense or a military 
        department; or
            (3) are being removed from sites or facilities owned or 
        operated by the Department of Defense.
SEC. 331. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  AGREEMENTS TO SHARE 
                        MONITORING DATA RELATING TO PERFLUOROALKYL 
                        AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES AND OTHER 
                        CONTAMINANTS OF CONCERN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
agreements with municipalities or municipal drinking water utilities 
located adjacent to military installations under which both the 
Secretary and the municipalities and utilities would share monitoring 
data relating to perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
and other emerging contaminants of concern collected at the military 
installation.
    (b) Publicly Available Website.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
maintain a publicly available website that provides a clearinghouse for 
information about the exposure of members of the Armed Forces, their 
families, and their communities to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. 
The information provided on the website shall include information on 
testing, clean-up, and recommended available treatment methodologies.
    (c) Public Communication.--An agreement under subsection (a) does 
not negate the responsibility of the Secretary to communicate with the 
public about drinking water contamination from perfluoroalkyl 
substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, and other contaminants.
    (d) Military Installation Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military installation'' has the meaning given that term in section 
2801(c) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 332. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS WITH 
                        STATES TO ADDRESS CONTAMINATION BY 
                        PERFLUOROALKYL AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                        SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Cooperative Agreements.--
            (1) In general.--Upon request from the Governor or chief 
        executive of a State, the Secretary of Defense shall work 
        expeditiously, pursuant to section 2701(d) of title 10, United 
        States Code, to finalize a cooperative agreement, or amend an 
        existing cooperative agreement to address testing, monitoring, 
        removal, and remedial actions relating to the contamination or 
        suspected contamination of drinking, surface, or ground water 
        from PFAS originating from activities of the Department of 
        Defense by providing the mechanism and funding for the expedited 
        review and approval of documents of the Department related to 
        PFAS investigations and remedial actions from an active or 
        decommissioned military installation, including a facility of 
        the National Guard.
            (2) Minimum standards.--A cooperative agreement finalized or 
        amended under paragraph (1) shall meet or exceed the most 
        stringent of the following standards for PFAS in any 
        environmental media:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1314]]

                    (A) An enforceable State standard, in effect in that 
                State, for drinking, surface, or ground water, as 
                described in section 121(d)(2)(A)(ii) of the 
                Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and 
                Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(ii)).
                    (B) An enforceable Federal standard for drinking, 
                surface, or ground water, as described in section 
                121(d)(2)(A)(i) of the Comprehensive Environmental 
                Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 
                U.S.C. 9621(d)(2)(A)(i)).
                    (C) A health advisory under section 1412(b)(1)(F) of 
                the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 300g-1(b)(1)(F)).
            (3) Other authority.--In addition to the requirements for a 
        cooperative agreement under paragraph (1), when otherwise 
        authorized to expend funds for the purpose of addressing ground 
        or surface water contaminated by a perfluorinated compound, the 
        Secretary of Defense may, to expend those funds, enter into a 
        grant agreement, cooperative agreement, or contract with--
                    (A) the local water authority with jurisdiction over 
                the contamination site, including--
                          (i) a public water system (as defined in 
                      section 1401 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 
                      U.S.C. 300f)); and
                          (ii) a publicly owned treatment works (as 
                      defined in section 212 of the Federal Water 
                      Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1292)); or
                    (B) a State, local, or Tribal government.

    (b) <<NOTE: Effective date. Deadline.>>  Report.--Beginning on 
February 1, 2020, if a cooperative agreement is not finalized or amended 
under subsection (a) within one year after the request from the Governor 
or chief executive under that subsection, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate committees and 
Members of Congress a report--
            (1) explaining why the agreement has not been finalized or 
        amended, as the case may be; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  setting forth a projected timeline 
        for finalizing or amending the agreement.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees and members of congress.--The 
        term ``appropriate committees and Members of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the congressional defense committees;
                    (B) the Senators who represent a State impacted by 
                PFAS contamination described in subsection (a)(1); and
                    (C) the Members of the House of Representatives who 
                represent a district impacted by such contamination.
            (2) Fully fluorinated carbon atom.--The term ``fully 
        fluorinated carbon atom'' means a carbon atom on which all the 
        hydrogen substituents have been replaced by fluorine.
            (3) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means perfluoroalkyl and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances that are man-made chemicals with at 
        least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.
            (4) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101 of the Comprehensive Environmental Response, 
        Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (42 U.S.C. 9601).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1315]]

SEC. 333. <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  PLAN TO PHASE OUT USE OF BURN PITS.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a plan to phase out the use of the burn pits identified in 
the Department of Defense Open Burn Pit Report to Congress dated April 
2019.
SEC. 334. <<NOTE: List.>>  INFORMATION RELATING TO LOCATIONS OF 
                        BURN PIT USE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs and to Congress a list of all locations where open-air burn pits 
have been used by the Secretary of Defense, for the purposes of 
augmenting the research, healthcare delivery, disability compensation, 
and other activities of the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
SEC. 335. DATA QUALITY REVIEW OF RADIUM TESTING CONDUCTED AT 
                        CERTAIN LOCATIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF THE 
                        NAVY.

    (a) Review of Radium Testing.--Except as provided in subsection (b), 
the Secretary of the Navy shall provide for an independent third-party 
data quality review of all radium testing completed by contractors of 
the Department of the Navy at a covered location.
    (b) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Exception.--In the case of a covered 
location for which an independent third-party data quality review of all 
radium testing completed by contractors of the Department has been 
conducted prior to the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
requirement under subsection (a) shall not apply if the Secretary of the 
Navy submits to the congressional defense committees a report 
containing--
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification that such 
        review has been conducted for such covered location; and
            (2) a description of the results of such review.

    (c) Covered Location Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
location'' means any of the following:
            (1) Naval Weapons Industrial Reserve Plant, Bethpage, New 
        York.
            (2) Hunter's Point Naval Shipyard, San Francisco, 
        California.
SEC. 336. <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  REIMBURSEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL 
                        PROTECTION AGENCY FOR CERTAIN COSTS IN 
                        CONNECTION WITH THE TWIN CITIES ARMY 
                        AMMUNITION PLANT, MINNESOTA.

    (a) Transfer Amount.--Notwithstanding section 2215 of title 10, 
United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may transfer to the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency--
            (1) in fiscal year 2020, not more than $890,790; and
            (2) in each of fiscal years 2021 through 2026, not more than 
        $150,000.

    (b) Purpose of Reimbursement.--The amount authorized to be 
transferred under subsection (a) is to reimburse the Environmental 
Protection Agency for costs the Agency has incurred and will incur 
relating to the response actions performed at the Twin Cities Army 
Ammunition Plant, Minnesota, through September 30, 2025.
    (c) Interagency Agreement.--The reimbursement described in 
subsection (b) is intended to satisfy certain terms of the interagency 
agreement entered into by the Department of the Army

[[Page 133 STAT. 1316]]

and the Environmental Protection Agency for the Twin Cities Army 
Ammunition Plant that took effect in December 1987 and that provided for 
the recovery of expenses by the Agency from the Department of the Army.
SEC. 337. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2911 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
                        AVAILABILITY OF WORKING-CAPITAL FUNDS FOR 
                        INCREASED COMBAT CAPABILITY THROUGH ENERGY 
                        OPTIMIZATION.

    (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 2208 of title 10, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense and the military departments may 
use a working capital fund established pursuant to that section for 
expenses directly related to conducting a pilot program for energy 
optimization initiatives described in subsection (b).
    (b) Energy Optimization Initiatives.--Energy optimization 
initiatives covered by the pilot program include the research, 
development, procurement, installation, and sustainment of technologies 
or weapons system platforms, and the manpower required to do so, that 
would improve the efficiency and maintainability, extend the useful 
life, lower maintenance costs, or provide performance enhancement of the 
weapon system platform or major end item.
    (c) Limitation on Certain Projects.--Funds may not be used pursuant 
to subsection (a) for--
            (1) any product improvement that significantly changes the 
        performance envelope of an end item; or
            (2) any single component with an estimated total cost in 
        excess of $10,000,000.

    (d) Limitation in Fiscal Year Pending Timely Report.--If during any 
fiscal year the report required by paragraph (1) of subsection (e) is 
not submitted by the date specified in paragraph (2) of that subsection, 
funds may not be used pursuant to subsection (a) during the period--
            (1) beginning on the date specified in such paragraph (2); 
        and
            (2) ending on the date of the submittal of the report.

    (e) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit an 
        annual report to the congressional defense committees on the use 
        of the authority under subsection (a) during the preceding 
        fiscal year.
            (2) Deadline for submittal.--The report required by 
        paragraph (1) in a fiscal year shall be submitted not later than 
        60 days after the date of the submittal to Congress of the 
        budget of the President for the succeeding fiscal year pursuant 
        to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code.
            (3) Recommendation.--In the case of the report required to 
        be submitted under paragraph (1) during fiscal year 2020, the 
        report shall include the recommendation of the Secretary of 
        Defense and the military departments regarding whether the 
        authority under subsection (a) should be made permanent.

    (f) Sunset.--The authority under subsection (a) shall expire on 
October 1, 2024.
SEC. 338. REPORT ON EFFORTS TO REDUCE HIGH ENERGY INTENSITY AT 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Report.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1317]]

            (1) Report required.--Not later than September 1, 2020, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
        conjunction with the assistant secretaries responsible for 
        installations and environment for the military departments and 
        the Defense Logistics Agency, shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report detailing the efforts to achieve 
        cost savings at military installations with high energy 
        intensity.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report required 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A comprehensive, installation-specific 
                assessment of feasible and mission-appropriate energy 
                initiatives supporting energy production and consumption 
                at military installations with high energy intensity.
                    (B) An assessment of current sources of energy in 
                areas with high energy intensity and potential future 
                sources that are technologically feasible, cost-
                effective, and mission-appropriate for military 
                installations.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Strategy.>>  A comprehensive 
                implementation strategy to include required investment 
                for feasible energy efficiency options determined to be 
                the most beneficial and cost-effective, where 
                appropriate, and consistent with priorities of the 
                Department of Defense.
                    (D) An explanation on how the military departments 
                are working collaboratively in order to leverage lessons 
                learned on potential energy efficiency solutions.
                    (E) An assessment of the extent to which activities 
                administered under the Federal Energy Management Program 
                of the Department of Energy could be used to assist with 
                the implementation strategy under subparagraph (C).
                    (F) An assessment of State and local partnership 
                opportunities that could achieve efficiency and cost 
                savings, and any legislative authorities required to 
                carry out such partnerships or agreements.
            (3) Coordination with state, local, and other entities.--In 
        preparing the report required under paragraph (1), the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment may work in 
        conjunction and coordinate with the States containing areas of 
        high energy intensity, local communities, and other Federal 
        agencies.

    (b) Definition.--In this section, the term ``high energy intensity'' 
means costs for the provision of energy by kilowatt of electricity or 
British Thermal Unit of heat or steam for a military installation in the 
United States that is in the highest 20 percent of all military 
installations for a military department.

Subtitle <<NOTE: Prompt and Fast Action to Stop Damages Act of 2019.>>  
C--Treatment of Contaminated Water Near Military Installations
SEC. 341. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  SHORT TITLE.

    This subtitle may be cited as the ``Prompt and Fast Action to Stop 
Damages Act of 2019''.
SEC. 342. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  DEFINITIONS.

    In this subtitle:
            (1) PFOA.--The term ``PFOA'' means perfluorooctanoic acid.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1318]]

            (2) PFOS.--The term ``PFOS'' means perfluorooctane 
        sulfonate.
SEC. 343. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  PROVISION OF WATER 
                        UNCONTAMINATED WITH PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID 
                        (PFOA) AND PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE 
                        (PFOS) FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Using amounts authorized to be appropriated 
        or otherwise made available for operation and maintenance for 
        the military department concerned, or for operation and 
        maintenance Defense-wide in the case of the Secretary of 
        Defense, the Secretary concerned may provide water sources 
        uncontaminated with perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
        substances, including PFOA and PFOS, or treatment of 
        contaminated waters, for agricultural purposes used to produce 
        products destined for human consumption in an area in which a 
        water source has been determined pursuant to paragraph (2) to be 
        contaminated with such compounds by reason of activities on a 
        military installation under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
        concerned.
            (2) Applicable standard.--For purposes of paragraph (1), an 
        area is determined to be contaminated with PFOA or PFOS if--
                    (A) the level of contamination is above the Lifetime 
                Health Advisory for contamination with such compounds 
                issued by the Environmental Protection Agency and 
                printed in the Federal Register on May 25, 2016; or
                    (B) on or after the date the Food and Drug 
                Administration sets a standard for PFOA and PFOS in raw 
                agricultural commodities and milk, the level of 
                contamination is above such standard.

    (b) Secretary Concerned Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Secretary concerned'' means the following:
            (1) The Secretary of the Army, with respect to the Army.
            (2) The Secretary of the Navy, with respect to the Navy, the 
        Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard (when it is operating as a 
        service in the Navy).
            (3) The Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to the Air 
        Force.
            (4) The Secretary of Defense, with respect to the Defense 
        Agencies.
SEC. 344. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  ACQUISITION OF REAL 
                        PROPERTY BY AIR FORCE.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force may acquire 
        one or more parcels of real property within the vicinity of an 
        Air Force base that has shown signs of contamination from PFOA 
        and PFOS due to activities on the base and which would extend 
        the contiguous geographic footprint of the base and increase the 
        force protection standoff near critical infrastructure and 
        runways.
            (2) Improvements and personal property.--The authority under 
        paragraph (1) to acquire real property described in that 
        paragraph shall include the authority to purchase improvements 
        and personal property located on that real property.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1319]]

            (3) Relocation expenses.--The authority under paragraph (1) 
        to acquire real property described in that paragraph shall 
        include the authority to provide Federal financial assistance 
        for moving costs, relocation benefits, and other expenses 
        incurred in accordance with the Uniform Relocation Assistance 
        and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (42 U.S.C. 
        4601 et seq.).

    (b) Environmental Activities.--The Air Force shall conduct such 
activities at a parcel or parcels of real property acquired under 
subsection (a) as are necessary to remediate contamination from PFOA and 
PFOS related to activities at the Air Force base.
    (c) Funding.--Funds for the land acquisitions authorized under 
subsection (a) shall be derived from amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for military construction or the 
unobligated balances of appropriations for military construction that 
are enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Rule of Construction.--The authority under this section 
constitutes authority to carry out land acquisitions for purposes of 
section 2802 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 345. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note. Deadline.>>  REMEDIATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress 
a remediation plan for cleanup of all water at or adjacent to a military 
installation that is contaminated with PFOA or PFOS.
    (b) Study.--In preparing the remediation plan under subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall conduct a study on the contamination of water at 
military installations with PFOA or PFOS.
    (c) Budget Amount.--The Secretary shall ensure that each budget of 
the President submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code, requests funding in amounts necessary to address 
remediation efforts under the remediation plan submitted under 
subsection (a).

                  Subtitle D--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 351. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES.

    (a) Annual Report on Major Weapons Systems Sustainment.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 117 the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 118. <<NOTE: 10 USC 118.>>  Annual report on major weapons 
                systems sustainment

    ``Not later than five days after the date on which the Secretary of 
Defense submits to Congress the materials in support of the budget of 
the President for a fiscal year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees an annual report on major 
weapons systems sustainment for the period covered by the future years 
defense program specified by section 221 of this 
title. <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Such report shall include--
            ``(1) an assessment of the materiel availability, materiel 
        reliability, and mean down time metrics for each major weapons 
        system;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1320]]

            ``(2) a detailed explanation of any factors that could 
        preclude the Department of Defense or any of the military 
        departments from meeting applicable readiness goals or 
        objectives; and
            ``(3) an assessment of the validity and effectiveness of the 
        definitions used to determine defense readiness, including the 
        terms `major weapons system', `covered asset', `total and 
        required inventory', `materiel and operational availability', 
        `materiel and operational capability', `materiel and operational 
        reliability'.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 prec.>>  is amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 117 the 
        following new item:

``118. Annual report on major weapons systems sustainment.''.

    (b) Assessment of Materiel Readiness and Weapons System 
Sustainment.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Assessment required.--Not later 
        than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall complete a 
        comprehensive assessment of the materiel readiness and weapons 
        systems sustainment of the Department of Defense across the 
        Department organic industrial base and industry partners.
            (2) Contents.--The assessment required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) an assessment of the overall readiness strategy 
                of the Department of Defense and the capability of such 
                strategy to measure, track, and assess the readiness of 
                major weapons systems;
                    (B) an assessment of the use of objectives and 
                metrics;
                    (C) a description of applicable reporting 
                requirements; and
                    (D) applicable definitions and common usage of 
                relevant terms, including the terms ``major weapons 
                system'', ``covered asset'', ``total and required 
                inventory'', ``materiel and operational availability'', 
                ``materiel and operational capability'', ``materiel and 
                operational reliability'', and ``maintenance costs''.
            (3) Submission to congress.--The Secretary shall provide to 
        the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Briefing. Deadline.>>  a briefing on the 
                assessment required by paragraph (1) by not later than 
                March 1, 2020; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  a final report on such 
                assessment by not later than April 1, 2020.
SEC. 352. CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY REGARDING USE OF WORKING-
                        CAPITAL FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED MINOR 
                        MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS RELATED TO 
                        REVITALIZATION AND RECAPITALIZATION OF 
                        DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE FACILITIES.

    Section 2208(u) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Section 2805'' and inserting ``(A) 
                Except as provided in subparagraph (B), section 2805'';
                    (B) by striking ``carried out with'' and inserting 
                ``funded using''; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1321]]

                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  For purposes of applying 
subparagraph (A), the dollar limitation specified in subsection (a)(2) 
of section 2805 of this title, subject to adjustment as provided in 
subsection (f) of such section, shall apply rather than the dollar 
limitation specified in subsection (c) of such section.''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``carry out'' and 
        inserting ``fund''.
SEC. 353. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
                        DEPLOYMENT OF NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8690 note.>>  
is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) Extension of Limitation on Length of Overseas Forward 
Deployment for U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67).-- 
<<NOTE: Deadline.>> Notwithstanding subsection (b), the Secretary of the 
Navy shall ensure that the U.S.S. Shiloh (CG-67) is assigned a homeport 
in the United States by not later than September 30, 2023.''.
SEC. 354. EXTENSION OF TEMPORARY INSTALLATION REUTILIZATION 
                        AUTHORITY FOR ARSENALS, DEPOTS, AND 
                        PLANTS.

    Section 345(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2667 note) is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2025''.
SEC. 355. F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for the Office of 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment for 
fiscal year 2020, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until the date on which the Under Secretary submits the report required 
by subsection (b).
    (b) Report Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives a report on steps being taken to 
improve the availability and accountability of F-35 parts within the 
supply chain. <<NOTE: Plan.>>  At a minimum, the report shall include a 
detailed plan for each of the following elements:
            (1) How the accountable property system of record will be 
        updated with information from the prime contractors supplying 
        such parts on required cost and related data with respect to the 
        parts and how the F-35 Program Office will ensure such 
        contractors are adhering to contractual requirements for the 
        management, reporting, visibility, and accountability of all 
        such parts supplied by the prime contractors.
            (2) How the accountability property system of record will 
        have interfaces that allow the F-35 Program Office and other 
        authorized entities to have proper accountability of assets in 
        accordance with applicable Department of Defense Instructions, 
        Department of Defense Manuals, and other applicable regulations.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1322]]

            (3) How the F-35 Program Office, in coordination with the 
        military departments, will ensure business rules for the 
        prioritization of F-35 parts across all program participants are 
        sufficient, effective, and responsive.
            (4) Steps being taken to ensure parts within the base, 
        afloat, and deployment spares packages are compatible for 
        deploying F-35 aircraft and account for updated parts demand.
SEC. 356. REPORT ON STRATEGIC POLICY FOR PREPOSITIONED MATERIEL 
                        AND EQUIPMENT.

    Not later <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  than March 1, 2020, the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Sustainment, in coordination with the Joint 
Staff, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the implementation plan for 
prepositioned materiel and equipment required by section 321(b) of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-
66; 127 Stat. 730; 10 U.S.C. 2229 note). Such report shall include each 
of the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  A comprehensive list of the 
        prepositioned materiel and equipment programs of the Department 
        of Defense.
            (2) A detailed description of how the plan will be 
        implemented.
            (3) A description of the resources required to implement the 
        plan, including the amount of funds and personnel.
            (4) A description of how the plan will be reviewed and 
        assessed to monitor progress.
            (5) <<NOTE: Guidance.>>  Guidance on applying a consistent 
        definition of prepositioning across the Department, including 
        the military departments, the combatant commands, and the 
        Defense Agencies.
            (6) A detailed description of how the Secretary will 
        implement a joint oversight approach of the prepositioning 
        programs of the military departments.
SEC. 357. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8685 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO TRAIN 
                        SKILLED TECHNICIANS IN CRITICAL 
                        SHIPBUILDING SKILLS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the Navy may carry out a pilot 
program to train individuals to become skilled technicians in critical 
shipbuilding skills such as welding, metrology, quality assurance, 
machining, and additive manufacturing.
    (b) Partnerships.--In carrying out the pilot program under this 
section, the Secretary may partner with existing Federal or State 
projects relating to investment and infrastructure in training and 
education or workforce development, such as the National Network for 
Manufacturing Innovation, the Industrial Base Analysis and Sustainment 
program of the Department of Defense, and the National Maritime 
Educational Council.
    (c) Termination.--The authority to carry out a pilot program under 
this section shall terminate on September 30, 2025.
    (d) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Briefings.--If the Secretary carries 
out a pilot program under this section, the Secretary shall provide 
briefings to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives as follows:
            (1) Not later than 30 days before beginning to implement the 
        pilot program, the Secretary shall provide a briefing on the 
        plan, cost estimate, and schedule for the pilot program.
            (2) Not less frequently than annually during the period when 
        the pilot program is carried out, the Secretary shall

[[Page 133 STAT. 1323]]

        provide briefings on the progress of the Secretary in carrying 
        out the pilot program.
SEC. 358. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2460 note.>>  REQUIREMENT FOR MILITARY 
                        DEPARTMENT INTER-SERVICE DEPOT 
                        MAINTENANCE.

    (a) Joint Process for Technical Compliance and Quality Control.--If 
the Secretary of a military department transfers any maintenance action 
on a platform to a depot under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of 
another military department, the two Secretaries shall develop and 
implement a process to ensure the technical compliance and quality 
control for the work performed.
    (b) Requirements.--A process developed under subsection (a) shall 
include the following requirements--
            (1) The Secretary of the military department with 
        jurisdiction over the depot to which the maintenance action is 
        transferred shall--
                    (A) ensure that the technical specifications, 
                requirements, and standards for work to be performed are 
                provided to such action or depot; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  implement procedures to 
                ensure that completed work complies with such 
                specifications, requirements and standards.
            (2) The Secretary who transfers the maintenance activity or 
        depot shall ensure that--
                    (A) the technical specifications and requirements 
                are clearly understood; and
                    (B) the work performed is completed to the technical 
                specifications, requirements, and standards prescribed 
                under paragraph (1), and that the Secretary of the 
                military department with jurisdiction over the depot is 
                informed of any shortcoming or discrepancy.

    (c) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Reports.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report containing a certification 
that sufficient policy and procedures are in place to ensure quality 
control when the depot or maintenance activities of one military 
department support another. The report shall include a description of 
known shortfalls in existing policies and procedures and actions the 
Department of Defense is taking to address such shortfalls.
SEC. 359. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2476 note.>>  STRATEGY TO IMPROVE 
                        INFRASTRUCTURE OF CERTAIN DEPOTS OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Strategy Required.--Not later than October 
1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a comprehensive strategy for improving the depot 
infrastructure of the military departments with the objective of 
ensuring that all covered depots have the capacity and capability to 
support the readiness and material availability goals of current and 
future weapon systems of the Department of Defense.

    (b) Elements.--The strategy under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Reviews.>>  A comprehensive review of the 
        conditions and performance at each covered depot, including the 
        following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                current status of the following elements:
                          (i) Cost and schedule performance of the 
                      depot.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1324]]

                          (ii) Material availability of weapon systems 
                      supported at the depot and the impact of the 
                      performance of the depot on that availability.
                          (iii) Work in progress and non-operational 
                      items awaiting depot maintenance.
                          (iv) The condition of the depot.
                          (v) The backlog of restoration and 
                      modernization projects at the depot.
                          (vi) The condition of equipment at the depot.
                          (vii) the vulnerability of the depot to 
                      adverse environmental conditions and, if 
                      necessary, the investment required to withstand 
                      those conditions.
                    (B) An identification of analytically based goals 
                relating to the elements identified in subparagraph (A).
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis. Assessments.>>  A business-case 
        analysis that assesses investment alternatives comparing cost, 
        performance, risk, and readiness outcomes and recommends an 
        optimal investment approach across the Department of Defense to 
        ensure covered depots efficiently and effectively meet the 
        readiness goals of the Department, including an assessment of 
        the following alternatives:
                    (A) The minimum investment necessary to meet 
                investment requirements under section 2476 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
                    (B) The investment necessary to ensure the current 
                inventory of facilities at covered depots can meet the 
                mission-capable, readiness, and contingency goals of the 
                Secretary of Defense.
                    (C) The investment necessary to execute the depot 
                infrastructure optimization plans of each military 
                department.
                    (D) Any other strategies for investment in covered 
                depots, as identified by the Secretary.
            (3) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan to improve conditions and 
        performance of covered depots that identifies the following:
                    (A) The approach of the Secretary of Defense for 
                achieving the goals outlined in paragraph (1)(B).
                    (B) The resources and investments required to 
                implement the plan.
                    (C) The activities and milestones required to 
                implement the plan.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  A results-oriented 
                approach to assess--
                          (i) the progress of each military department 
                      in achieving such goals; and
                          (ii) the progress of the Department in 
                      implementing the plan.
                    (E) Organizational roles and responsibilities for 
                implementing the plan.
                    (F) <<NOTE: Review. Coordination.>>  A process for 
                conducting regular management review and coordination of 
                the progress of each military department in implementing 
                the plan and achieving such goals.
                    (G) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The extent to which the 
                Secretary has addressed recommendations made by the 
                Comptroller General of the United States relating to 
                depot operations during the five-year period preceding 
                the date of submittal of the strategy under this 
                section.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1325]]

                    (H) Risks to implementing the plan and mitigation 
                strategies to address those risks.

    (c) Annual Report on Progress.--As part of the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report describing the progress made in--
            (1) implementing the strategy under subsection (a); and
            (2) achieving the goals outlined in subsection (b)(1)(B).

    (d) Comptroller General Reports.--
            (1) Assessment of strategy.--Not later than January 1, 2021, 
        the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report assessing the extent 
        to which the strategy under subsection (a) meets the 
        requirements of this section.
            (2) Assessment of implementation.--Not later than April 1, 
        2022, the Comptroller General shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report setting forth an assessment of the 
        extent to which the strategy under subsection (a) has been 
        effectively implemented by each military department and the 
        Secretary of Defense.

    (e) Covered Depot Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
depot'' has the meaning given that term in section 2476(e) of title 10, 
United States Code.

                           Subtitle E--Reports

SEC. 361. READINESS REPORTING.

    (a) Readiness Reporting System.--Section 117 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking subsections (d) through (g); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection (d).

    (b) Quarterly Reports.--Section 482 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``Quarterly reports: 
        personnel and unit readiness'' and inserting ``Readiness 
        reports'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) In the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Quarterly Reports Required'' and inserting ``Reports 
                and Briefings'';
                    (B) In the first sentence--
                          (i) by striking ``Not later'' and inserting 
                      ``(1) Not later''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``each calendar-year 
                      quarter'' and inserting ``the second and fourth 
                      quarter of each calendar year'';
                    (C) <<NOTE: Records.>>  by striking the second and 
                third sentences and inserting ``The Secretary of Defense 
                shall submit each such report in writing and shall also 
                submit a copy of each such report to the Chairman of the 
                Joint Chiefs of Staff.''; and
                    (D) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  Not later than 30 days after 
the end of the first and third quarter of each calendar year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall

[[Page 133 STAT. 1326]]

provide to Congress a briefing regarding the military readiness of the 
active and reserve components.

    ``(3) Each report under this subsection shall contain the elements 
required by subsection (b) for the quarter covered by the report, and 
each briefing shall address any changes to the elements described in 
subsection (b) since the submittal of the most recently submitted 
report.'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:

    ``(b) Required Elements.--The elements described in this subsection 
are each of the following:
            ``(1) A description of each readiness problem or deficiency 
        that affects the ground, sea, air, space, cyber, or special 
        operations forces, and any other area determined appropriate by 
        the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The key contributing factors, indicators, and other 
        relevant information related to each identified problem or 
        deficiency.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Strategy.>>  The short-term mitigation 
        strategy the Department will employ to address each readiness 
        problem or deficiency until a resolution is in place, as well as 
        the timeline, cost, and any legislative remedies required to 
        support the resolution.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of combat readiness 
        ratings for the key force elements assessed, including specific 
        information on personnel, supply, equipment, and training 
        problems or deficiencies that affect the combat readiness 
        ratings for each force element.
            ``(5) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of each upgrade or 
        downgrade of the combat readiness of a unit that was issued by 
        the commander of the unit, together with the rationale of the 
        commander for the issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of the readiness of 
        supporting capabilities, including infrastructure, prepositioned 
        equipment and supplies, and mobility assets, and other 
        supporting logistics capabilities.
            ``(7) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of the readiness of the 
        combat support and related agencies, any readiness problem or 
        deficiency affecting any mission essential tasks of any such 
        agency, and actions recommended to address any such problem or 
        deficiency.
            ``(8) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of all Class A, Class B, and 
        Class C mishaps that occurred in operations related to combat 
        support and training events involving aviation, ground, or naval 
        platforms, weapons, space, or Government vehicles, as defined by 
        Department of Defense Instruction 6055.07, or a successor 
        instruction.
            ``(9) Information on the extent to which units of the armed 
        forces have removed serviceable parts, supplies, or equipment 
        from one vehicle, vessel, or aircraft in order to render a 
        different vehicle, vessel, or aircraft operational.
            ``(10) Such other information as determined necessary or 
        appropriate by the Secretary of Defense.'';
            (4) by striking subsections (d) through (h) and subsection 
        (j);
            (5) by redesignating subsection (i) as subsection (e); and
            (6) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsections (d):

    ``(d) Semi-Annual Joint Force Readiness Review.--(1) Not later than 
30 days after the last day of the first and third quarter of each 
calendar year, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall submit to 
Congress a written report on the capability of

[[Page 133 STAT. 1327]]

the armed forces, the combat support and related agencies, operational 
contract support, and the geographic and functional combatant commands 
to execute their wartime missions based upon their posture and readiness 
as of the time the review is conducted.
    ``(2) The Chairman shall produce the report required under this 
subsection using information derived from the quarterly reports required 
by subsection (a).
    ``(3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  Each report required by this subsection 
shall include an assessment by each commander of a geographic or 
functional combatant command of the readiness of the command to conduct 
operations in a multidomain battle that integrates ground, sea, air, 
space, cyber, and special operations forces.

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Records.>>  The Chairman shall submit to the Secretary 
of Defense a copy of each report under this subsection.''.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 23 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 480 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 482 and inserting the following 
new item:

``482. Readiness reports.''.

SEC. 362. TECHNICAL CORRECTION TO DEADLINE FOR TRANSITION TO 
                        DEFENSE READINESS REPORTING SYSTEM 
                        STRATEGIC.

    Section 358(c) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 10 USC 117 
note.>>  is amended by striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting 
``October 1, 2020''.
SEC. 363. REPORT ON NAVY SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE BUDGET.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1 of each of 2020, 2021, and 
2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on the 
Operation and Maintenance, Ship Depot Maintenance budget sub-activity 
group.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
            (1) A breakdown of funding, categorized by class of ship, 
        requested for ship and submarine maintenance.
            (2) A description of how the requested funding, categorized 
        by class of ship, compares to the identified ship maintenance 
        requirement.
            (3) The amount of funds appropriated for each class of ship 
        for the preceding fiscal year.
            (4) The amount of funds obligated and expended for each 
        class of ship for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
            (5) The cost, categorized by class of ship, of unplanned 
        growth work for each of the three preceding fiscal years.
SEC. 364. REPORT ON RUNIT DOME.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Energy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on the status of the Runit Dome in the Marshal Islands.
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Matters for Inclusion.--The report 
required by subsection (a) shall include each of the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A detailed plan to repair the dome to 
        ensure that it does not have any harmful effects to the local 
        population,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1328]]

        environment, or wildlife, including the projected costs of 
        implementing such plan.
            (2) The effects on the environment that the dome has 
        currently and is projected to have in 5 years, 10 years, and 20 
        years.
            (3) An assessment of the current condition of the outer 
        constructs of the dome.
            (4) An assessment of the current and long-term safety to 
        local humans posed by the site.
            (5) An assessment of how rising sea levels might affect the 
        dome.
            (6) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of interactions between 
        the Government of the United States and the government of the 
        Marshall Islands about the dome.

    (c) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Form of Report.--The report 
required by subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form and 
made publicly available.
SEC. 365. <<NOTE: 10 USC 482 note.>>  PROHIBITION ON SUBJECTIVE 
                        UPGRADES BY COMMANDERS OF UNIT RATINGS IN 
                        MONTHLY READINESS REPORTING ON MILITARY 
                        UNITS.

    (a) In General.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall 
modify Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Instruction (CJCSI) 
3401.02B, on Force Readiness Reporting, to prohibit the commander of a 
military unit who is responsible for monthly reporting of the readiness 
of the unit under the instruction from making any upgrade of the overall 
rating of the unit (commonly referred to as the ``C-rating'') for such 
reporting purposes based in whole or in part on subjective factors.
    (b) Waiver.--
            (1) In general.--The modification required by subsection (a) 
        shall authorize an officer in a general or flag officer grade in 
        the chain of command of a commander described in that subsection 
        to waive the prohibition described in that subsection in 
        connection with readiness reporting on the unit concerned if the 
        officer considers the waiver appropriate in the circumstances.
            (2) Reporting on waivers.--Each report on personnel and unit 
        readiness submitted to Congress for a calendar year quarter 
        pursuant to section 482 of title 10, United States Code, shall 
        include information on each waiver, if any, issued pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) during such calendar year quarter.
SEC. 366. <<NOTE: 10 USC 117 note.>>  REQUIREMENT TO INCLUDE 
                        FOREIGN LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY IN READINESS 
                        REPORTING SYSTEMS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of each military department 
shall include in the Global Readiness and Force Management Enterprise, 
for the appropriate billets with relevant foreign language requirements, 
measures of foreign language proficiency as a mandatory element of unit 
readiness reporting, to include the Defense Readiness Reporting Systems-
Strategic (DRRS-S) and all other subordinate systems that report 
readiness data.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1329]]

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

SEC. 371. PREVENTION OF ENCROACHMENT ON MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES 
                        AND MILITARY OPERATIONS AREAS.

    Section 183a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(6), in the second sentence--
                    (A) by striking ``radar or airport surveillance 
                radar operated'' and inserting ``radar, airport 
                surveillance radar, or wide area surveillance over-the-
                horizon radar operated''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``Any setback for a project 
                pursuant to the previous sentence shall not be more than 
                what is determined to be necessary by a technical 
                analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the 
                Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor 
                entity.'' after ``mitigation options.'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(E), by striking ``to a Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense, an Under Secretary of Defense, or 
                a Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``to the Deputy Secretary of Defense, an Under 
                Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under Secretary of 
                Defense'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  The governor of a State may 
recommend to the Secretary of Defense additional geographical areas of 
concern within that State. Any such recommendation shall be submitted 
for notice and comment pursuant to paragraph (2)(C).'';
            (3) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``an under secretary 
        of defense, or a deputy under secretary of defense'' and 
        inserting ``an Under Secretary of Defense, or a Deputy Under 
        Secretary of Defense'';
            (4) in subsection (f), in the first sentence, by striking 
        ``from an applicant for a project filed with the Secretary of 
        Transportation pursuant to section 44718 of title 49'' and 
        inserting ``from an entity requesting a review by the 
        Clearinghouse under this section''; and
            (5) in subsection (h)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), (5), (6), 
                and (7) as paragraphs (4), (5), (6), (7), and (9), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  The term `governor', with 
        respect to a State, means the chief executive officer of the 
        State.'';
                    (C) in paragraph (7), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A), by striking ``by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration'' and inserting ``by the Administrator of 
                the Federal Aviation Administration''; and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (7), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A), the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(8) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  The term `State' means the 
        several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
        Puerto Rico, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, 
        Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, and American Samoa.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1330]]

SEC. 372. EXPANSION AND ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES ON TRANSFER AND 
                        ADOPTION OF MILITARY ANIMALS.

    (a) Transfer and Adoption Generally.--Section 2583 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) by striking ``adoption'' each place it appears 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Transfer or'' before ``Adoption''; and
                    (B) in the first sentence, by striking ``adoption'' 
                and inserting ``transfer or adoption''; and
                    (C) in the second sentence, striking 
                ``adoptability'' and inserting ``transferability or 
                adoptability'';
            (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``transfer or'' before 
                      ``adoption''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, by'' after ``recommended 
                      priority'';
                    (B) in subparagraphs (A) and (B), by inserting 
                ``adoption'' before ``by'';
                    (C) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``or 
                organizations'' after ``persons''; and
                    (D) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``by'' and 
                inserting ``transfer to''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
                Adopted''after ``Transferred'';
                    (B) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                ``transferred'' each place it appears and inserting 
                ``transferred or adopted''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``transfer'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``transfer or adoption''.

    (b) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs to Be 
Retired.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f), (g), and (h) as 
        subsections (g), (h), and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Veterinary Screening and Care for Military Working Dogs To Be 
Retired.--(1)(A) If the Secretary of the military department concerned 
determines that a military working dog should be retired, such Secretary 
shall transport the dog to the Veterinary Treatment Facility at Lackland 
Air Force Base, Texas.
    ``(B) In the case of a contract working dog to be retired, 
transportation required by subparagraph (A) is satisfied by the transfer 
of the dog to the 341st Training Squadron at the end of the dog's 
service life as required by section 2410r of this title and assignment 
of the dog to the Veterinary Treatment Facility referred to in that 
subparagraph.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that each dog 
transported as described in paragraph (1) to the Veterinary Treatment 
Facility referred to in that paragraph is provided with a full 
veterinary screening, and necessary veterinary care (including

[[Page 133 STAT. 1331]]

surgery for any mental, dental, or stress-related illness), before 
transportation of the dog in accordance with subsection (g).
    ``(B) For purposes of this paragraph, stress-related illness 
includes illness in connection with post-traumatic stress, anxiety that 
manifests in a physical ailment, obsessive compulsive behavior, and any 
other stress-related ailment.
    ``(3) Transportation is not required under paragraph (1), and 
screening and care is not required under paragraph (2), for a military 
working dog located outside the United States if the Secretary of the 
military department concerned determines that transportation of the dog 
to the United States would not be in the best interests of the dog for 
medical reasons.''.
    (c) Coordination of Screening and Care Requirements With 
Transportation Requirements.--Subsection (g) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this section, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(g) Transportation of Retiring Military Working Dogs.--Upon 
completion of veterinary screening and care for a military working dog 
to be retired pursuant to subsection (f), the Secretary of the military 
department concerned shall--
            ``(1) if the dog was at a location outside the United States 
        immediately prior to transportation for such screening and care 
        and a United States citizen or member of the armed forces living 
        abroad agrees to adopt the dog, transport the dog to such 
        location for adoption; or
            ``(2) for any other dog, transport the dog--
                    ``(A) to the 341st Training Squadron;
                    ``(B) to another location within the United States 
                for transfer or adoption under this section.''.

    (d) Preservation of Policy on Transfer of Military Working Dogs to 
Law Enforcement Agencies.--Subsection (h) of such section, as so 
redesignated, is amended in paragraph (3) by striking ``adoption of 
military working dogs'' and all that follows through the period at the 
end and inserting ``transfer of military working dogs to law enforcement 
agencies before the end of the dogs' useful working lives.''.
    (e) Clarification of Horses Treatable as Military Animals.--
Subsection (i) of such section, as so redesignated, is amended by 
striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) An equid (horse, mule, or donkey) owned by the 
        Department of Defense.''.

    (f) Contract Term for Contract Working Dogs.--Section 2410r(a) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, and shall contain a contract term,'' 
        after ``shall require'';
            (2) by inserting ``and assigned for veterinary screening and 
        care in accordance with section 2583 of this title'' after 
        ``341st Training Squadron''; and
            (3) by striking ``section 2583 of this title'' and inserting 
        ``such section''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1332]]

SEC. 373. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENSE TO USE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REIMBURSEMENT RATE 
                        FOR TRANSPORTATION SERVICES PROVIDED TO 
                        CERTAIN NON-DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        ENTITIES.

    Section 2642(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``October 1, 2019'' and inserting ``October 1, 2024''.
SEC. 374. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY OF SECRETARY OF TRANSPORTATION TO 
                        ISSUE NON-PREMIUM AVIATION INSURANCE.

    Section 44310(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2023''.
SEC. 375. DEFENSE PERSONAL PROPERTY PROGRAM.

    (a) Report on Personal Property Program Improvement Action Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Personnel and Readiness shall jointly submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on implementation of 
        the Personal Property Program Improvement Action Plan that was 
        developed by the Personnel Relocation/Household Goods Movement 
        Cross-Functional Team.
            (2) Contents of report.--The report required under paragraph 
        (1) shall include updated information on the efforts of the 
        Department of Defense to--
                    (A) integrate permanent-change-of-station orders 
                with transportation systems;
                    (B) reduce the number of report dates during peak 
                moving season;
                    (C) synchronize the communication of information 
                about orders to all parties involved, including 
                industry;
                    (D) improve lead time for permanent-change-of-
                station orders;
                    (E) meet quality assurance inspection standards;
                    (F) improve the claims review process; and
                    (G) incorporate predictive analytics to anticipate 
                potentially problematic shipments.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall jointly 
        provide to the congressional defense committees a briefing on 
        the report required under this subsection.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Business Case Analysis.--Not later than 30 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Commander of 
United States Transportation Command shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a business case analysis for the proposed award of a 
global household goods contract for the defense personal property 
program.

    (c) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  GAO Report.--Not later than 30 days after 
the date on which the Commander of United States Transportation Command 
submits the business case analysis required by subsection (b), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on a comprehensive study 
conducted by the Comptroller General that includes--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1333]]

            (1) an analysis of the effects that the outsourcing of the 
        management and oversight of the movement of household goods to a 
        private entity or entities would have on members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families;
            (2) a comprehensive cost-benefit analysis; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations for 
        changes to the strategy of the Department of Defense for the 
        defense personal property program.

    (d) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Limitation.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2020 may be used to enter 
into a global household goods contract until April 1, 2020.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``global household goods contract'' means the 
        solicitation managed by United States Transportation Command to 
        engage a private entity to manage the defense personal property 
        program.
            (2) The term ``defense personal property program'' means the 
        Department of Defense program used to manage the shipment of the 
        baggage and household effects of members of the Armed Forces 
        under section 476 of title 37, United States Code.
SEC. 376. PUBLIC EVENTS ABOUT RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Requirement.--At least once every 
calendar quarter, the Secretary of the Navy, or the designee of the 
Secretary, shall hold an event that is open to the public at which the 
Secretary shall provide up-to-date information about the Red Hill Bulk 
Fuel Storage Facility.

    (b) Termination.--The requirement to hold events under subsection 
(a) shall terminate on the earlier of the following dates:
            (1) September 30, 2025.
            (2) The date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility ceases operation.
SEC. 377. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING INNOVATIVE READINESS 
                        TRAINING PROGRAM.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Innovative Readiness Training program is an 
        effective training program for members of the Armed Forces and 
        is highly beneficial to civilian-military relationships with 
        local American communities;
            (2) due to the geographic complexities and realities of non-
        contiguous States and territories, Innovative Readiness Training 
        has lent greater benefit to such States and territories while 
        providing unique and realistic training opportunities and 
        deployment readiness for members of the Armed Forces;
            (3) the Department of Defense should pursue continued 
        Innovative Readiness Training opportunities, and, where 
        applicable, strongly encourage the use of Innovative Readiness 
        Training in non-contiguous States and territories; and
            (4) in considering whether to recommend a project, the 
        Secretary should consider the benefits of the project to the 
        economy of a region damaged by natural disasters.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1334]]

SEC. 378. DETONATION CHAMBERS FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall purchase and 
operate a portable closed detonation chamber and water jet cutting 
system to be deployed at a former naval bombardment area located outside 
the continental United States that is part of an active remediation 
program using amounts made available for environmental restoration, 
Navy. <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Upon a determination by the Secretary of 
the Navy that the chamber has completed the mission of destroying 
appropriately sized munitions at such former naval bombardment area, the 
Secretary may deploy the chamber to another location.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--There is authorized to be 
appropriated for fiscal year 2020 $10,000,000 to carry out subsection 
(a).

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
           reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Authorized strengths for Marine Corps Reserves on active duty.
Sec. 416. Modification of authorized strength of Air Force Reserve 
           serving on full-time reserve component duty for 
           administration of the reserves or the National Guard.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 480,000.
            (2) The Navy, 340,500.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 332,800.
SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                        LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 480,000.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 340,500.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 332,800.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1335]]

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
2020, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,000.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,700.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,100.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.

    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
        unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent 
        at the end of the fiscal year.

    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members of 
the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal 
year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
                        THE RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 2020, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,155.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 22,637.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 4,431.
SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians (dual 
status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2020 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of 
title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1336]]

            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 13,569.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,938.

    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced by 
a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.
    (c) Adjustment of Authorized Strength.--
            (1) In general.--If, at the end of fiscal year 2019, the Air 
        National Guard of the United States does not meet its full-time 
        support realignment goals for such fiscal year (as presented in 
        the justification materials of the Department of Defense in 
        support of the budget of the President for such fiscal year 
        under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code), the 
        authorized number of military technicians (dual status) of the 
        Air National Guard of the United States under subsection (a)(3) 
        shall be increased by the number equal to the difference 
        between--
                    (A) 3,190, which is the number of military 
                technicians (dual status) positions in the Air National 
                Guard of the United States sought to be converted to the 
                Active, Guard, and Reserve program of the Air National 
                Guard during fiscal year 2019; and
                    (B) the number of realigned positions achieved in 
                the Air National Guard by the end of fiscal year 2019.
            (2) Limitation.--The increase under paragraph (1) in the 
        authorized number of military technician (dual status) positions 
        described in that paragraph may not exceed 2,292.
            (3) Decrease in authorized number of angus reserves on 
        active duty in support of the reserves.--In the event of an 
        adjustment to the authorized number military technicians (dual 
        status) of the Air National Guard of the United States under 
        this subsection, the number of members of the Air National Guard 
        of the United States authorized by section 412(5) to be on 
        active duty as of September 30, 2020, shall be decreased by the 
        number equal to the number of such adjustment.

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Certification.--Not later than January 1, 
2020, the Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall certify to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
the number of positions realigned from a military technician (dual 
status) position to a position in the Active, Guard, and Reserve program 
of a reserve component in fiscal year 2019.

    (e) Definitions.--In subsections (b), (c), and (d):
            (1) The term ``realigned position'' means any military 
        technician (dual status) position which has been converted or 
        realigned to a position in an Active, Guard, and Reserve program 
        of a reserve component under the full time support rebalancing 
        plan of the Armed Force concerned, regardless of whether such 
        position is encumbered.
            (2) The term ``Active, Guard, and Reserve program'', in the 
        case of a reserve component, means the program of the reserve 
        component under which Reserves serve on full-time active duty or 
        full-time duty, in the case of members of the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1337]]

        National Guard, for the purpose of organizing, administering, 
        recruiting, instructing, or training such reserve component.
SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2020, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time on 
full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
SEC. 415. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS FOR MARINE CORPS RESERVES ON ACTIVE 
                        DUTY.

    (a) Officers.--Section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking those parts of the table pertaining to the Marine 
Corps Reserve and inserting the following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,000.........................           99            63            20
1,200.........................          103            67            21
1,300.........................          107            70            22
1,400.........................          111            73            23
1,500.........................          114            76            24
1,600.........................          117            79            25
1,700.........................          120            82            26
1,800.........................          123            85            27
1,900.........................          126            88            28
2,000.........................          129            91            29
2,100.........................          132            94            30
2,200.........................          134            97            31
2,300.........................          136           100            32
2,400.........................          143           105            34
2,500.........................          149           109            35
2,600.........................          155           113            36
2,700.........................          161           118            37
2,800.........................          167           122            39
2,900.........................          173           126            41
3,000.........................          179           130         42''.
 


    (c) Senior Enlisted Members.--Section 12012(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking those parts of the table pertaining 
to the Marine Corps Reserve and inserting the following:
    ``Marine Corps Reserve:


1,100.......................................           50            11
1,200.......................................           55            12
1,300.......................................           60            13
1,400.......................................           65            14

[[Page 133 STAT. 1338]]

 
1,500.......................................           70            15
1,600.......................................           75            16
1,700.......................................           80            17
1,800.......................................           85            18
1,900.......................................           89            19
2,000.......................................           93            20
2,100.......................................           96            21
2,200.......................................           99            22
2,300.......................................          101            23
2,400.......................................          106            24
2,500.......................................          112            25
2,600.......................................          116            26
2,700.......................................          121            27
2,800.......................................          125            28
2,900.......................................          130            29
3,000.......................................          134         30''.
 



SEC. 416. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTH OF AIR FORCE RESERVE 
                        SERVING ON FULL-TIME RESERVE COMPONENT 
                        DUTY FOR ADMINISTRATION OF THE RESERVES OR 
                        THE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) In General.--The table in section 12011(a)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the matter relating to the 
Air Force Reserve and inserting the following new matter:


 
       ``Air Force Reserve
 
1,000                                      166          170          100
1,500                                      245          251          143
2,000                                      322          330          182
2,500                                      396          406          216
3,000                                      467          479          246
3,500                                      536          550          271
4,000                                      602          618          292
4,500                                      665          683          308
5,000                                      726          746          320
5,500                                      784          806          325
6,000                                      840          864          327
7,000                                      962          990          347
8,000                                    1,087        1,110          356
10,000                                   1,322        1,362       395''.
 


    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 12011 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 2019, and shall 
apply with respect to fiscal years beginning on or after that date.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1339]]

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2020 for the use of the Armed Forces and 
other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, 
not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal year 
2020.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Maker of original appointments in a regular or reserve 
           component of commissioned officers previously subject to 
           original appointment in other type of component.
Sec. 502. Furnishing of adverse information on officers to promotion 
           selection boards.
Sec. 503. Limitation on number of officers recommendable for promotion 
           by promotion selection boards.
Sec. 504. Expansion of authority for continuation on active duty of 
           officers in certain military specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 505. Management policies for joint qualified officers.
Sec. 506. Modification of authorities on management of deployments of 
           members of the Armed Forces and related unit operating and 
           personnel tempo matters.
Sec. 507. Personnel tempo of the Armed Forces and the United States 
           Special Operations Command during periods of inapplicability 
           of high-deployment limitations.
Sec. 508. Permanent authority to defer past age 64 the retirement of 
           chaplains in general and flag officer grades.
Sec. 509. Higher grade in retirement for officers following reopening of 
           determination or certification of retired grade.
Sec. 510. Authority of promotion boards to recommend that officers of 
           particular merit be placed higher on promotion list.
Sec. 510A. Availability on the internet of certain information about 
           officers serving in general or flag officer grades.
Sec. 510B. Functional badge or insignia upon commission for chaplains.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Modification of grade level threshold for Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 512. Inclusion of STEM in courses of instruction for the Junior 
           Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 513. Inclusion of homeschooled students in Junior Reserve Officers' 
           Training Corps units.
Sec. 514. Clarification of eligibility to serve as Commander, Marine 
           Forces Reserve.
Sec. 515. Extension and periodic evaluation of suicide prevention and 
           resilience program for the reserve components.
Sec. 516. Authority to defer mandatory separation at age 68 of officers 
           in medical specialties in the reserve components.
Sec. 517. Modernization of inspection authorities applicable to the 
           National Guard.
Sec. 518. Consultation with Chief of the National Guard Bureau in the 
           appointment or designation of National Guard property and 
           fiscal officers.
Sec. 519. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 520. Repeal of requirement for review of certain Army Reserve 
           officer unit vacancy promotions by commanders of associated 
           active duty units.
Sec. 520A. Report on methods to enhance domestic response to large 
           scale, complex and catastrophic disasters.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1340]]

Sec. 520B. Report and briefing on the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
           Corps.
Sec. 520C. Sense of Congress on increase in number of Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps units.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Advice and counsel of trauma experts in review by boards for 
           correction of military records and discharge review boards of 
           certain claims.
Sec. 522. Reduction in required number of members of discharge review 
           boards.
Sec. 523. Establishment of process to review a request for upgrade of 
           discharge or dismissal.
Sec. 524. Prohibition on reduction in the number of personnel assigned 
           to duty with a service review agency.
Sec. 525. Training of members of boards for correction of military 
           records and discharge review boards on sexual trauma, 
           intimate partner violence, spousal abuse, and related 
           matters.
Sec. 526. Time requirements for certification of honorable service.
Sec. 527. Correction of certain discharge characterizations.
Sec. 528. Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources of 
           information to determine eligibility of members and former 
           members of the Armed Forces for decorations when the service 
           records are incomplete because of damage to the official 
           record.
Sec. 529. Strategic plan for diversity and inclusion.
Sec. 530. Study regarding screening individuals who seek to enlist in 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 530A. Feasibility study regarding notification to Secretary of 
           Homeland Security of honorable discharges of non-citizens.
Sec. 530B. Sense of Congress regarding accession physicals.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Expansion of pre-referral matters reviewable by military 
           judges and military magistrates in the interest of efficiency 
           in military justice.
Sec. 532. Command influence.
Sec. 533. Statute of limitations for certain offenses.
Sec. 534. Public access to dockets, filings, and court records of 
           courts-martial or other records of trial of the military 
           justice system.
Sec. 535. Extension of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
           Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 536. Authority for return of personal property to victims of sexual 
           assault who file a Restricted Report before conclusion of 
           related proceedings.
Sec. 537. Guidelines on sentences for offenses committed under the 
           Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 538. Notification of significant events and documentation of 
           preference for prosecution jurisdiction for victims of sexual 
           assault.
Sec. 539. Increase in number of digital forensic examiners for certain 
           military criminal investigative organizations.
Sec. 540. Increase in investigative personnel and Victim Witness 
           Assistance Program liaisons.
Sec. 540A. Training for sexual assault initial disposition authorities 
           on exercise of disposition authority for sexual assault and 
           collateral offenses.
Sec. 540B. Training for commanders in the Armed Forces on their role in 
           all stages of military justice in connection with sexual 
           assault.
Sec. 540C. Timely disposition of nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.
Sec. 540D. Department of Defense-wide policy and military department-
           specific programs on reinvigoration of the prevention of 
           sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540E. Recommendations on separate punitive article in the Uniform 
           Code of Military Justice on sexual harassment.
Sec. 540F. Report on military justice system involving alternative 
           authority for determining whether to prefer or refer changes 
           for felony offenses under the Uniform Code of Military 
           Justice.
Sec. 540G. Report on standardization among the military departments in 
           collection and presentation of information on matters within 
           the military justice system.
Sec. 540H. Report on expansion of Air Force safe to report policy across 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 540I. Assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the 
           military justice system.
Sec. 540J. Pilot programs on defense investigators in the military 
           justice system.
Sec. 540K. Report on preservation of recourse to restricted report on 
           sexual assault for victims of sexual assault following 
           certain victim or third-party communications.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1341]]

Sec. 540L. Report on establishment of guardian ad litem program for 
           certain military dependents who are a victim or witness of an 
           offense under the Uniform Code of Military Justice involving 
           abuse or exploitation.
Sec. 540M. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
           implementation by the Armed Forces of recent statutory 
           requirements on sexual assault prevention and response in the 
           military.
Sec. 540N. Sense of Congress on the Port Chicago 50.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Improvement of certain Special Victims' Counsel authorities.
Sec. 542. Availability of Special Victims' Counsel at military 
           installations.
Sec. 543. Notification of issuance of military protective order to 
           civilian law enforcement.
Sec. 544. Copyright protection for civilian faculty of certain 
           accredited institutions.
Sec. 545. Termination of leases of premises and motor vehicles of 
           servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or illness or 
           die while in military service.
Sec. 546. Military orders required for termination of leases pursuant to 
           the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 547. Preservation of right to bring class action under 
           Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.
Sec. 548. Legal counsel for victims of alleged domestic violence 
           offenses.
Sec. 549. Notice to victims of alleged sexual assault of pendency of 
           further administrative action following a determination not 
           to refer to trial by court-martial.
Sec. 550. Treatment of information in Catch a Serial Offender Program 
           for certain purposes.
Sec. 550A. Policies and procedures on registration at military 
           installations of civilian protective orders applicable to 
           members of the Armed Forces assigned to such installations 
           and certain other individuals.
Sec. 550B. Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
           Misconduct.
Sec. 550C. Training for Special Victims' Counsel on civilian criminal 
           justice matters in the States of the military installations 
           to which assigned.
Sec. 550D. Enhancing the capability of military criminal investigative 
           organizations to prevent and combat child sexual 
           exploitation.
Sec. 550E. Feasibility study on establishment of database of military 
           protective orders.
Sec. 550F. GAO review of USERRA and SCRA.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

Sec. 551. Authority for detail of certain enlisted members of the Armed 
           Forces as students at law schools.
Sec. 552. Inclusion of Coast Guard in Department of Defense STARBASE 
           Program.
Sec. 553. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
           Graduate School; limitation on establishment of certain 
           educational institutions.
Sec. 554. Prohibition on off-duty employment for cadets and midshipmen 
           completing obligated service after graduation.
Sec. 555. Consideration of request for transfer of a cadet or midshipman 
           at a military service academy who is the victim of a sexual 
           assault or related offense.
Sec. 556. Redesignation of the Commandant of the United States Air Force 
           Institute of Technology as the Director and Chancellor of 
           such Institute.
Sec. 557. Eligibility of additional enlisted members for associate 
           degree programs of the Community College of the Air Force.
Sec. 558. Speech disorders of cadets and midshipmen.
Sec. 559. Requirement to continue provision of tuition assistance for 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 560. Information on institutions of higher education participating 
           in the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program.
Sec. 560A. Inclusion of information on free credit monitoring in annual 
           financial literacy briefing.
Sec. 560B. Programs to facilitate the award of private pilot's 
           certificates.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

Sec. 561. Requirement to provide information regarding benefits claims 
           to members during TAP counseling.
Sec. 562. Participation of other Federal agencies in the SkillBridge 
           apprenticeship and internship program for members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 563. First modification of elements of report on the improved 
           Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 564. Second modification of elements of report on the improved 
           Transition Assistance Program.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1342]]

Sec. 565. Prohibition on gender-segregated training at Marine Corps 
           Recruit Depots.
Sec. 566. Assessment of deaths of recruits under the jurisdiction of the 
           Secretaries of the military departments.
Sec. 567. Review of Department of Defense training programs regarding 
           disinformation campaigns.
Sec. 568. Command matters in connection with transition assistance 
           programs.
Sec. 569. Machine readability and electronic transferability of 
           Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 
           214).
Sec. 570. Records of service for Reserves.
Sec. 570A. Limitations and requirements in connection with separations 
           for members of the Armed Forces who suffer from mental health 
           conditions in connection with a sex-related, intimate partner 
           violence-related, or spousal-abuse offense.
Sec. 570B. Prohibition on involuntary separation of certain members of 
           the Armed Forces; consideration of military service in 
           removal determinations.
Sec. 570C. Inclusion of question regarding immigration status on 
           preseparation counseling checklist (DD Form 2648).
Sec. 570D. Counseling for members of the Armed Forces who are not 
           citizens of the United States on naturalization in the United 
           States.
Sec. 570E. Pilot program on information sharing between Department of 
           Defense and designated relatives and friends of members of 
           the Armed Forces regarding the experiences and challenges of 
           military service.
Sec. 570F. Connections of members retiring or separating from the Armed 
           Forces with community-based organizations and related 
           entities.
Sec. 570G. Pilot program regarding online application for the Transition 
           Assistance Program.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 571. Authorizing members to take leave for a birth or adoption in 
           more than one increment.
Sec. 572. Deferred deployment for members who give birth.
Sec. 573. Authority of the Secretary concerned to transport remains of a 
           covered decedent to no more than two places selected by the 
           person designated to direct disposition of the remains.
Sec. 574. Military funeral honors matters.
Sec. 575. Improvement of occupational license portability for relocated 
           spouses of members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 576. Continued eligibility for education and training opportunities 
           for spouses of promoted members.
Sec. 577. Modification to authority to reimburse for State licensure and 
           certification costs of a spouse of a servicemember arising 
           from relocation.
Sec. 578. Clarification regarding eligibility to transfer entitlement 
           under Post-9/11 Educational Assistance Program.
Sec. 579. Annual State report card.
Sec. 580. Improvements to child care for members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 580A. Transportation of remains of casualties; travel expenses for 
           next of kin.
Sec. 580B. Meetings of officials of the Department of Defense with 
           representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 580C. Information and opportunities for registration for voting and 
           absentee ballot requests for members of the Armed Forces 
           undergoing deployment overseas.
Sec. 580D. Study on two-way military ballot barcode tracking.
Sec. 580E. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 580F. First expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
           for military spouses.
Sec. 580G. Second expansion of the My Career Advancement Account program 
           for military spouses.
Sec. 580H. Report on training and support available to military spouses.
Sec. 580I. Ri'katak Guest Student Program at United States Army 
           Garrison-Kwajalein Atoll.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Modification of authorities on eligibility for and replacement 
           of gold star lapel buttons.
Sec. 582. Standardization of honorable service requirement for award of 
           military decorations.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of the Medal of Honor to John J. Duffy 
           for acts of valor in Vietnam.
Sec. 584. Review of World War I valor medals.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Clarification of the term ``assault'' for purposes of 
           Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1343]]

Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain veterans on temporary disability or 
           permanent disabled retirement lists in military adaptive 
           sports programs.
Sec. 593. Questions in surveys regarding extremist activity in the 
           workplace.
Sec. 594. Study on best practices for providing financial literacy 
           education for separating members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 595. Report on oversight of authorized strengths of certain grades 
           of commissioned regular and reserve officers of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on certain waivers.
Sec. 597. Notifications on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 598. Report regarding use of aerial systems of the Department of 
           Defense to support agencies of States, Territories, and the 
           Federal Government.
Sec. 599. Information for members of the Armed Forces on availability of 
           services of the Department of Veterans Affairs relating to 
           sexual trauma.
Sec. 599A. Authority to issue an honorary promotion to Colonel Charles 
           E. McGee, United States Air Force (ret.), to the grade of 
           brigadier general.
Sec. 599B. Authority to issue an honorary and posthumous promotion to 
           Lieutenant Colonel Richard Cole, United States Air Force 
           (ret.), to the grade of colonel.
Sec. 599C. Sense of Congress on the honorable and distinguished service 
           of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States Marine Corps, to 
           the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. MAKER OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENTS IN A REGULAR OR RESERVE 
                        COMPONENT OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS 
                        PREVIOUSLY SUBJECT TO ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT 
                        IN OTHER TYPE OF COMPONENT.

    (a) Maker of Regular Appointments in Transfer From Reserve Active-
status List to Active-duty List.--Section 531(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' and 
inserting ``the Secretary of Defense''.
    (b) Maker of Reserve Appointments in Transfer From Active-duty List 
to Reserve Active-status List.--Section 12203(b) of such title is 
amended by striking ``the Secretary concerned'' and inserting ``the 
Secretary of Defense''.
    (c) Report.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) The average number per fiscal year, during fiscal years 
        2010 through 2019, of transfers of appointment from regular 
        officer to reserve officer in the Armed Forces, set forth by 
        each of transfers requiring and transfers not requiring 
        appointment by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
            (2) The average amount of time required per fiscal year, 
        during such fiscal years, for completion of a transfer of 
        appointment from regular officer to reserve officer in 
        situations not requiring appointment by and with the advice and 
        consent of the Senate.
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the number of 
        officers who experience a break-in-service due to delays in 
        transfer of appointment from regular officer to reserve officer 
        as a result of the requirement for appointment by and with the 
        advice and consent of the Senate.
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of each of the following:
                    (A) Appointment of regular officers as both a 
                regular officer and a reserve officer immediately upon 
                commissioning.
                    (B) Consolidation of the provisions of title 10, 
                United States Code, relating to appointment as a regular 
                or reserve

[[Page 133 STAT. 1344]]

                officer in a manner designed to facilitate and improve 
                officer retention.
            (5) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such other recommendations 
        for legislative or administrative action as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate to improve the rapid transfer of 
        appointment of an officer from regular status to reserve status.
SEC. 502. FURNISHING OF ADVERSE INFORMATION ON OFFICERS TO 
                        PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Expansion of Grades of Officers for Which Information Is 
Furnished.--Section 615(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``a grade above colonel or, in the case of the Navy, 
        captain'' and inserting ``a grade specified in subparagraph 
        (B)''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(B) A grade specified in this subparagraph is as follows:
            ``(i) In the case of a regular officer, a grade above 
        captain or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant.
            ``(ii) In the case of a reserve officer, a grade above 
        lieutenant colonel or, in the case of the Navy, commander.''.

    (b) Furnishing at Every Phase of Consideration.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The standards and procedures referred to in subparagraph (A) 
shall require the furnishing to the selection board, and to each 
individual member of the board, the information described in that 
subparagraph with regard to an officer in a grade specified in 
subparagraph (B) at each stage or phase of the selection board, 
concurrent with the screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, 
discussion, or other consideration by the board or member of the 
official military personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 615 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and shall apply with respect to the proceedings of promotion 
selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, after that date.
SEC. 503. LIMITATION ON NUMBER OF OFFICERS RECOMMENDABLE FOR 
                        PROMOTION BY PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), (f), and (g) as 
        subsections (e), (f), (g), and (h), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) The number of officers recommended for promotion by a 
selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title may not 
exceed the number equal to 95 percent of the number of officers included 
in the promotion zone established under section 623 of this title for 
consideration by the board.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 616 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and shall apply with respect to consideration by promotion 
selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, United 
States

[[Page 133 STAT. 1345]]

Code, of promotion zones that are established under section 623 of that 
title on or after that date.
SEC. 504. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY 
                        OF OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY 
                        SPECIALTIES AND CAREER TRACKS.

    Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``separation or'' after ``provided for the''.
SEC. 505. MANAGEMENT POLICIES FOR JOINT QUALIFIED OFFICERS.

    Section 661(d)(3)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
the third sentence by inserting ``or a designee of the Chairman who is 
an officer of the armed forces in grade O-9 or higher'' before the 
period.
SEC. 506. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON MANAGEMENT OF DEPLOYMENTS 
                        OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED 
                        UNIT OPERATING AND PERSONNEL TEMPO 
                        MATTERS.

    (a) Limitation on Scope of Delegations of Approval of Exceptions to 
Deployment Thresholds.--Paragraph (3) of section 991(a) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``be delegated to--'' and all 
that follows and inserting ``be delegated to a civilian officer of the 
Department of Defense appointed by the President, by and with the advice 
and consent of the Senate.''.
    (b) Separate Policies on Dwell Time for Regular and Reserve 
Members.--Paragraph (4) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``addresses the amount'' and inserting 
        ``addresses each of the following:
            ``(A) The amount.'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        inserting ``regular'' before ``member''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(B) The amount of dwell time a reserve member of the armed 
        forces remains at the member's permanent duty station after 
        completing a deployment of 30 days or more in length.''.
SEC. 507. PERSONNEL TEMPO OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THE UNITED 
                        STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND DURING 
                        PERIODS OF INAPPLICABILITY OF HIGH-
                        DEPLOYMENT LIMITATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Section 991(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2)(A) Whenever a waiver is in effect under paragraph (1), the 
member or group of members covered by the waiver shall be subject to 
specific and measurable deployment thresholds established and maintained 
for purposes of this subsection.
    ``(B) Thresholds under this paragraph may be applicable--
            ``(i) uniformly, Department of Defense-wide; or
            ``(ii) separately, with respect to each armed force or the 
        United States Special Operations Command.

    ``(C) If thresholds under this paragraph are applicable Department-
wide, such thresholds shall be established and maintained by the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. If such thresholds are 
applicable only to one armed force or the Under States Special 
Operations Command, such thresholds shall

[[Page 133 STAT. 1346]]

be established and maintained respectively by the Secretary of the Army, 
the Secretary of the Navy (other than with respect to the Marine Corps), 
the Secretary of the Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps (with 
respect to the Marine Corps), and the Commander of the United States 
Special Operations Command, as applicable.
    ``(D) In undertaking recordkeeping for purposes of subsection (c), 
the Under Secretary shall, in conjunction with the officials and 
officers referred to in subparagraph (C), collect complete and reliable 
personnel tempo data of members described in subparagraph (A) in order 
to ensure that the Department, the armed forces, and the United States 
Special Operations Command fully and completely monitor personnel tempo 
under any waiver authorized under paragraph (1) and the effect of such 
waiver on the armed forces.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 991 note.>>  Deadline for Implementation.--
Paragraph (2) of section 991(d) of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by subsection (a), shall be fully implemented by not later than 
March 1, 2020.
SEC. 508. PERMANENT AUTHORITY TO DEFER PAST AGE 64 THE RETIREMENT 
                        OF CHAPLAINS IN GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER 
                        GRADES.

    Section 1253(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraph (3).
SEC. 509. HIGHER GRADE IN RETIREMENT FOR OFFICERS FOLLOWING 
                        REOPENING OF DETERMINATION OR 
                        CERTIFICATION OF RETIRED GRADE.

    (a) Advice and Consent of Senate Required for Higher Grade.--Section 
1370(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraph (5):

    ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is proposed to be increased 
through the reopening of the determination or certification of officer's 
retired grade, the increase in the retired grade shall be made by the 
Secretary of Defense, by and with the advice and consent of the 
Senate.''.
    (b) Recalculation of Retired Pay.--Paragraph (6) of such section, as 
redesignated by subsection (a)(1), is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or increased'' after ``reduced'';
            (2) by inserting ``as a result of the reduction or 
        increase'' after ``any modification of the retired pay of the 
        officer'';
            (3) by inserting ``or increase'' after ``the reduction''; 
        and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``An 
        officer whose retired grade is increased as described in the 
        preceding sentence shall not be entitled to an increase in 
        retired pay for any period before the effective date of the 
        increase.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 1370 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and shall apply to an increase in the retired 
grade of an officer that occurs through a reopening of the determination 
or certification of the officer's retired grade on or after that date, 
regardless of when the officer retired.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1347]]

SEC. 510. AUTHORITY OF PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND THAT OFFICERS 
                        OF PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON 
                        PROMOTION LIST.

    (a) In General.--Section 14108 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Higher Placement of Officers of Particular Merit on Promotion 
List.--(1) In selecting officers to be recommended for promotion, a 
promotion board may, when authorized by the Secretary concerned, 
recommend that officers of particular merit, from among those officers 
selected for promotion, be placed higher on the promotion list 
established by the Secretary under section 14308(a) of this title.
    ``(2) A promotion board may make a recommendation under paragraph 
(1) only if an officer receives the recommendation of--
            ``(A) a majority of the members of the promotion board; or
            ``(B) an alternative requirement established by the 
        Secretary concerned and furnished to the promotion board as part 
        of the guidelines under section 14107 of this title.

    ``(3) For officers who receive recommendations under paragraph (1), 
the board shall recommend the order in which those officers should be 
placed on the promotion list.''.
    (b) Reports Regarding Recommendations That Officers of Particular 
Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 14109 of such title 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Report of Officers Recommended for Higher Placement on 
Promotion List.--A promotion board convened under section 14101(a) of 
this title shall, when authorized under section 14108(f) of this title, 
include in its report to the Secretary concerned--
            ``(1) the names of those officers the promotion board 
        recommends be placed higher on the promotion list; and
            ``(2) the order in which the promotion board recommends 
        those officers should be placed on the promotion list.''.

    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on Promotion 
List.--Section 14308(a) of such title is amended in the first sentence 
by inserting ``or based on particular merit, as determined by the 
promotion board'' before the period.
SEC. 510A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 525 note.>>  AVAILABILITY ON THE 
                          INTERNET OF CERTAIN INFORMATION ABOUT 
                          OFFICERS SERVING IN GENERAL OR FLAG 
                          OFFICER GRADES.

    (a) Availability Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of each military department 
        shall make available on an internet website of such department 
        available to the public information specified in paragraph (2) 
        on each officer in a general or flag officer grade under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary, including any such officer on 
        the reserve active-status list.
            (2) Information.--The information on an officer specified by 
        this paragraph to be made available pursuant to paragraph (1) is 
        the information as follows:
                    (A) The officer's name.
                    (B) The officer's current grade, duty position, 
                command or organization, and location of assignment.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1348]]

                    (C) <<NOTE: Summary list.>>  A summary list of the 
                officer's past duty assignments while serving in a 
                general or flag officer grade.

    (b) Additional Public Notice on Certain Officers.--Whenever an 
officer in a grade of O-7 or above is assigned to a new billet or 
reassigned from a current billet, the Secretary of the military 
department having jurisdiction of such officer shall make available on 
an internet website of such department available to the public a notice 
of such assignment or reassignment.
    (c) Limitation on Withholding of Certain Information or Notice.--
            (1) Limitation.--The Secretary of a military department may 
        not withhold the information or notice specified in subsections 
        (a) and (b) from public availability pursuant to subsection (a), 
        unless and until the Secretary notifies the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and House of Representatives in writing 
        of the information or notice that will be so withheld, together 
        with justification for withholding the information or notice 
        from public availability.
            (2) Limited duration of withholding.--The Secretary 
        concerned may withhold from the public under paragraph (1) 
        information or notice on an officer only on the basis of 
        individual risk or national security, and may continue to 
        withhold such information or notice only for so long as the 
        basis for withholding remains in force.
SEC. 510B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 771 note prec.>>  FUNCTIONAL BADGE OR 
                          INSIGNIA UPON COMMISSION FOR CHAPLAINS.

    A military chaplain shall receive a functional badge or insignia 
upon commission.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. MODIFICATION OF GRADE LEVEL THRESHOLD FOR JUNIOR RESERVE 
                        OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    Section 2031(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``above the 8th grade'' each place it appears and inserting 
``above the 7th grade and physically co-located with the 9th grade 
participating unit''.
SEC. 512. INCLUSION OF STEM IN COURSES OF INSTRUCTION FOR THE 
                        JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2031(b)(3) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting ``and which may include instruction or 
activities in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and 
mathematics'' after ``duration''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2031 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 513. INCLUSION OF HOMESCHOOLED STUDENTS IN JUNIOR RESERVE 
                        OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

    Section 2031 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) Each public secondary educational institution that 
maintains a unit under this section shall permit membership in the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1349]]

unit to homeschooled students residing in the area served by the 
institution who are qualified for membership in the unit (but for lack 
of enrollment in the institution).
    ``(2) A student who is a member of a unit pursuant to this 
subsection shall count toward the satisfaction by the institution 
concerned of the requirement in subsection (b)(1) relating to the 
minimum number of student members in the unit necessary for the 
continuing maintenance of the unit.''.
SEC. 514. CLARIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY TO SERVE AS COMMANDER, 
                        MARINE FORCES RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 8084(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by striking ``general officers of the Marine Corps (as 
defined in section 8001(2))'' and inserting ``general officers of the 
Marine Corps Reserve''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8084 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date that is one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply to appointments 
made after such date.
SEC. 515. EXTENSION AND PERIODIC EVALUATION OF SUICIDE PREVENTION 
                        AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE RESERVE 
                        COMPONENTS.

    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h);
            (2) in subsection (h), as redesignated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``2020'' and inserting ``2025''; and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):

    ``(g) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Triennial Evaluation.--The 
Secretary shall evaluate the program every third year beginning in 2022 
until the program terminates to determine whether the program 
effectively--
            ``(1) provides training and assistance under subsections 
        (b), (c), and (d); and
            ``(2) implements subsection (e).''.
SEC. 516. AUTHORITY TO DEFER MANDATORY SEPARATION AT AGE 68 OF 
                        OFFICERS IN MEDICAL SPECIALTIES IN THE 
                        RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 14703(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``An'' and inserting ``(1) Subject to 
        paragraph (2), an''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (2):

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  The Secretary concerned may, with 
the consent of the officer, retain in an active status an officer in a 
medical specialty described in subsection (a) beyond the date described 
in paragraph (1) of this subsection if the Secretary concerned 
determines that such retention is necessary to the military department 
concerned. Each such retention shall be made on a case-by-case basis and 
for such period as the Secretary concerned determines appropriate.''.
SEC. 517. MODERNIZATION OF INSPECTION AUTHORITIES APPLICABLE TO 
                        THE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Modernization of Inspection Authorities of Secretaries of the 
Army and Air Force.--Subsection (a) of section 105 of title 32, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1350]]

                    (A) by striking ``by him, the Secretary of the Army 
                shall have'' and inserting ``by such Secretary, the 
                Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force 
                shall each have'';
                    (B) by striking ``, if necessary,''; and
                    (C) by striking ``the Regular Army'' and inserting 
                ``the Regular Army or the Regular Air Force'';
            (2) by striking ``Army National Guard'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``Army National Guard or Air National 
        Guard''; and
            (3) by striking the flush matter following paragraph (7).

    (b) Inspection Authority of Chief of the National Guard Bureau on 
Behalf of Secretaries.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) The Chief of the National Guard Bureau may have an inspection 
described in subsection (a) made by inspectors general, or by 
commissioned officers of the Army National Guard of the United States or 
the Air National Guard of the United States detailed for that purpose, 
on behalf of the Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air 
Force. Any such inspection may be made only with the approval of the 
Secretary of the Army or the Secretary of the Air Force, as 
applicable.''.
SEC. 518. CONSULTATION WITH CHIEF OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN 
                        THE APPOINTMENT OR DESIGNATION OF NATIONAL 
                        GUARD PROPERTY AND FISCAL OFFICERS.

    Section 708(a) of title 32, United States Code, is amended in the 
first sentence by inserting ``, in consultation with the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau,'' after ``shall''.
SEC. 519. COAST GUARD JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 3 of title 14, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 320. <<NOTE: 14 USC 320.>>  Coast Guard Junior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of the department in which the 
Coast Guard is operating may establish and maintain a Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps, organized into units, at public and private 
secondary educational institutions.
    ``(b) Applicability.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
provisions of chapter 102 of title 10 shall apply to a Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps established and maintained under this section 
in the same manner that such provisions apply to the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps of each military department. For purposes of 
the application of such provisions to this section--
            ``(1) any reference in such provisions to a `military 
        department' shall be treated as a reference to the department in 
        which the Coast Guard is operating; and
            ``(2) any reference in such provisions to a `Secretary of a 
        military department', a `Secretary concerned', or the `Secretary 
        of Defense' shall be treated as a reference to the Secretary of 
        the department in which the Coast Guard is operating.

    ``(c) Exception.--The requirements of chapter 102 of title 10 shall 
not apply to a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
established by the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard 
is operating before the date of the enactment

[[Page 133 STAT. 1351]]

of this section unless the Secretary determines it is appropriate to 
apply such requirements to such unit.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 14 USC 301 prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end 
the following new item:

``320. Coast Guard Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.''.

SEC. 520. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR REVIEW OF CERTAIN ARMY RESERVE 
                        OFFICER UNIT VACANCY PROMOTIONS BY 
                        COMMANDERS OF ASSOCIATED ACTIVE DUTY 
                        UNITS.

    Section 1113 of the Army National Guard Combat Readiness Reform Act 
of 1992 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 10105 note) is repealed.
SEC. 520A. REPORT ON METHODS TO ENHANCE DOMESTIC RESPONSE TO LARGE 
                          SCALE, COMPLEX AND CATASTROPHIC 
                          DISASTERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation and 
coordination with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the National 
Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the National Governors 
Association, shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
Committee on Homeland Security of the House of Representatives, and the 
Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate a 
report on the plan of the Department to establish policy and processes 
to implement the authority under section 502 of title 32, United States 
Code. The report shall include a detailed examination of the policy 
framework consistent with existing authorities, identify major statutory 
or policy impediments to implementation, and make recommendations for 
legislation as appropriate.
    (b) Contents.--The report submitted under subsection (a) shall 
include a description of--
            (1) <<NOTE: Timeline. Plan. Consultation.>>  the current 
        policy and processes whereby governors can request activation of 
        the National Guard under title 32, United States Code, as part 
        of the response to large scale, complex, catastrophic disasters 
        that are supported by the Federal Government and, if no formal 
        process exists in policy, the Secretary of Defense shall provide 
        a timeline and plan to establish such a policy, including 
        consultation with the Council of Governors and the National 
        Governors Association;
            (2) the Secretary of Defense's assessment, informed by 
        consultation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency, the 
        National Security Council, the Council of Governors, and the 
        National Governors Association, regarding the sufficiency of 
        current authorities for the reimbursement of National Guard and 
        Reserve manpower during large scale, complex, catastrophic 
        disasters under title 10 and title 32, United States Code, and 
        specifically whether reimbursement authorities are sufficient to 
        ensure that military training and readiness are not degraded to 
        fund disaster response, or whether invoking such reimbursement 
        authorities degrades the effectiveness of the Disaster Relief 
        Fund;
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the Department of 
        Defense's plan to ensure there is parallel and consistent policy 
        in the application of the authorities granted under section 
        12304a of title 10, United States

[[Page 133 STAT. 1352]]

        Code, and section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code, 
        including--
                    (A) a description of the disparities between 
                benefits and protections under Federal law versus State 
                active duty;
                    (B) recommended solutions to achieve parity at the 
                Federal level; and
                    (C) recommended changes at the State level, if 
                appropriate; and
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the Department of 
        Defense's plan to ensure there is parity of benefits and 
        protections for military members employed as part of the 
        response to large scale, complex, catastrophic disasters under 
        title 32 or title 10, United States Code, and recommendations 
        for addressing any shortfalls.
SEC. 520B. REPORT AND BRIEFING ON THE SENIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' 
                          TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Report on Various Expansions of the 
Corps.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
forth the following:
            (1) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        distance learning programs for the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps for students at educational institutions who 
        reside outside the viable range for a cross-town program.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        expanding the eligibility of institutions authorized to maintain 
        a unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps to include 
        community colleges.

    (b) Briefing on Long-term Effects on the Corps of the Operation of 
Certain Recent Prohibitions.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing required.--Not later than 
        180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall brief the congressional defense 
        committees on the effects of the prohibitions in section 8032 of 
        the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2019 (division A 
        of Public Law 115-245) on the long-term viability of the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The matters addressed 
        by the briefing under paragraph (1) shall include an assessment 
        of the effects of the prohibitions described in paragraph (1) on 
        the following:
                    (A) Readiness.
                    (B) The efficient manning and administration of 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units.
                    (C) The ability of the Armed Forces to commission on 
                a yearly basis the number and quality of new officers 
                they need and that are representative of the nation as a 
                whole.
                    (D) The availability of Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps scholarships in rural areas.
                    (E) Whether the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
                Corps program produces officers representative of the 
                demographic and geographic diversity of the United 
                States, especially with respect to urban areas, and 
                whether restrictions on establishing or disestablishing 
                units of the Corps affects the diversity of the officer 
                corps of the Armed Forces.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1353]]

SEC. 520C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON INCREASE IN NUMBER OF JUNIOR 
                          RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS UNITS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Junior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps was supported in the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) and should 
be increased in fiscal year 2020 to include not fewer than 3,700 units 
nationwide.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

SEC. 521. ADVICE AND COUNSEL OF TRAUMA EXPERTS IN REVIEW BY BOARDS 
                        FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY RECORDS AND 
                        DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS OF CERTAIN CLAIMS.

    (a) Boards for Correction of Military Records.--Section 1552(g) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' after ``(g)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim described in subsection (h), the board shall seek advice and 
counsel in the review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social 
worker with training on mental health issues associated with post-
traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as 
specified in the current edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical 
Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric 
Association.
    ``(3) If a board established under subsection (a)(1) is reviewing a 
claim in which sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse is claimed, the board shall seek advice and counsel in the review 
from an expert in trauma specific to sexual assault, intimate partner 
violence, or spousal abuse, as applicable.''.
    (b) Discharge Review Boards.--Section 1553(d)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(1)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph;

    ``(B) In the case of a former member described in paragraph (3)(B) 
who claims that the former member's post-traumatic stress disorder or 
traumatic brain injury as described in that paragraph in based in whole 
or in part on sexual trauma, intimate partner violence, or spousal 
abuse, a board established under this section to review the former 
member's discharge or dismissal shall seek advice and counsel in the 
review from a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker with training 
on mental health issues associated with post-traumatic stress disorder 
or traumatic brain injury or other trauma as specified in the current 
edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 
published by the American Psychiatric Association.''.
SEC. 522. REDUCTION IN REQUIRED NUMBER OF MEMBERS OF DISCHARGE 
                        REVIEW BOARDS.

    Section 1553(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``five'' and inserting ``not fewer than three''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1354]]

SECTION 523. ESTABLISHMENT OF PROCESS TO REVIEW A REQUEST FOR 
                              UPGRADE OF DISCHARGE OR DISMISSAL.

    (a) Establishment.--Chapter 79 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1553 the following new section 1553a:
``Sec. 1553a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1553a.>>  Review of a request for 
                    upgrade of discharge or dismissal

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
process by which to conduct a final review of a request for an upgrade 
in the characterization of a discharge or dismissal.
    ``(b) Consideration; Recommendation.--(1) Upon the request of a 
petitioner, the Secretary of Defense shall review the findings and 
decisions of the boards established under sections 1552 and 1553 of this 
title regarding the final review of a request for an upgrade in the 
characterization of a discharge or dismissal.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may recommend that the Secretary of 
the military department concerned upgrade the characterization of the 
discharge or dismissal of the petitioner if the Secretary of Defense 
determines that such recommendation is appropriate after review under 
paragraph (1).
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `final review of a request for an upgrade in 
        the characterization of a discharge or dismissal' means a 
        request by a petitioner for an upgrade to the characterization 
        of a discharge or dismissal--
                    ``(A) that was not granted under sections 1552 and 
                1553 of this title; and
                    ``(B) regarding which the Secretary of Defense 
                determines the petitioner has exhausted all remedies 
                available to the petitioner under sections 1552 and 1553 
                of this title.
            ``(2) The term `petitioner' means a member or former member 
        of the armed forces (or if the member or former member is dead, 
        the surviving spouse, next of kin, or legal representative of 
        the member or former member) whose request for an upgrade to the 
        characterization of a discharge or dismissal was not granted 
        under sections 1552 and 1553 of this title.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 1551 prec.>>  is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 1553 the 
        following new item:

``1553a. Review of a request for upgrade of discharge or dismissal.''.

            (2) Conforming amendments.--
                    (A) Section 1552(a)(4) of such title is amended to 
                read as follows:

    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a correction under this 
section is final and conclusive on all officers of the United States 
except when procured by fraud.
    ``(B) If a board established under this section does not grant a 
request for an upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
dismissal, that declination may be considered under section 1553a of 
this title.''.
                    (B) Section 1553(b) of such title is amended--
                          (i) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``A board''; 
                      and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1355]]

                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      paragraph:

    ``(2) If a board established under this section does not grant a 
request for an upgrade to the characterization of a discharge or 
dismissal, that declination may be considered under section 1552 or 
section 1553a of this title, as applicable.''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1553a note.>>  Deadline.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall implement section 1553a of such title, as added by 
subsection (a), not later than January 1, 2021.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1553a note.>>  Resources.--In establishing and 
implementing the process under such section 1553a, the Secretary of 
Defense shall, to the maximum extent practicable, use existing 
organizations, boards, processes, and personnel of the Department of 
Defense.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1553a note.>>  Reporting.--
            (1) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding 
        the process established under such section 1553a. The report 
        shall include, with respect to considerations under such process 
        since implementation, the following:
                    (A) The number of requests considered.
                    (B) The number of upgrades to the characterization 
                of a discharge or dismissal granted pursuant to such 
                process, including the most common reasons for such 
                upgrades.
                    (C) The number of upgrades to the characterization 
                of a discharge or dismissal declined pursuant to such 
                process, including the most common reasons for such 
                declinations.
            (2) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Online publication.--On 
        October 1, 2022, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall 
        publish the information described in paragraph (1) with regards 
        to the immediately preceding fiscal year on a website of the 
        Department of Defense that is accessible by the public.
SEC. 524. PROHIBITION ON REDUCTION IN THE NUMBER OF PERSONNEL 
                        ASSIGNED TO DUTY WITH A SERVICE REVIEW 
                        AGENCY.

    (a) Prohibition.--Section 1559(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
        ``December 31, 2025'';
            (2) by striking ``that agency until--'' and inserting ``that 
        agency.''; and
            (3) by striking subsections (1) and (2).

    (b) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  Report.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each military department 
        shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives that details a plan to--
                    (A) reduce the backlog of applications before the 
                service review agency of the military department 
                concerned; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  maintain the resources 
                required to meet the timeliness standards for 
                disposition of applications before the Corrections 
                Boards under section 1557 of title 10, United States 
                Code, not later than October 1, 2021.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1356]]

            (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the current backlog of 
                applications before the service review agency of the 
                military department concerned.
                    (B) The number of personnel required to meet the 
                deadline described in paragraph (1)(B).
                    (C) The plan of the Secretary concerned to modernize 
                the application and review system of the service review 
                agency of the military department concerned.
SEC. 525. TRAINING OF MEMBERS OF BOARDS FOR CORRECTION OF MILITARY 
                        RECORDS AND DISCHARGE REVIEW BOARDS ON 
                        SEXUAL TRAUMA, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE, 
                        SPOUSAL ABUSE, AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1552 note.>>  Boards for Correction of Military 
Records.--The curriculum of training for members of boards for the 
correction of military records under section 534(c) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 1552 note) 
shall include training on each of the following:
            (1) Sexual trauma.
            (2) Intimate partner violence.
            (3) Spousal abuse.
            (4) The various responses of individuals to trauma.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1553 note.>>  Discharge Review Boards.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary concerned shall develop and 
        provide training for members of discharge review boards under 
        section 1553 of title 10, United States Code, that are under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary on each of the following:
                    (A) Sexual trauma.
                    (B) Intimate partner violence.
                    (C) Spousal abuse.
                    (D) The various responses of individuals to trauma.
            (2) Uniformity of training.--The Secretary of Defense and 
        the Secretary of Homeland Security shall jointly ensure that the 
        training developed and provided pursuant to this subsection is, 
        to the extent practicable, uniform.
            (3) Secretary concerned defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given that term in 
        section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 526. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781 note.>>  TIME REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                        CERTIFICATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE.

    The Secretary <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  of Defense shall publish 
regulations for submission and processing of a completed United States 
Citizenship and Immigration Services Form N-426, by a member of the 
Armed Forces. Such regulations shall designate the appropriate level for 
the certifying officer as well as establish time requirements for the 
form to be returned to the member of the Armed Forces.
SEC. 527. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1552 note.>>  CORRECTION OF CERTAIN 
                        DISCHARGE CHARACTERIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--In accordance with this section, and in a manner 
that is consistent across the military departments to the greatest 
extent practicable, the appropriate board shall, at the request of a 
covered member or the authorized representative of a covered member--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1357]]

            (1) review the discharge characterization of that covered 
        member; and
            (2) change the discharge characterization of that covered 
        member to honorable if the appropriate board determines such 
        change to be appropriate after review under paragraph (1).

    (b) Appeal.--A covered member or the authorized representative of 
that covered member may seek review of a decision by the appropriate 
board not to change the discharge characterization of that covered 
member. Such review may be made pursuant to section 1552 of title 10, 
United States Code, section 1553 of such title, or any other process 
established by the Secretary of Defense for such purpose.
    (c) Change of Records.--For each covered member whose discharge 
characterization is changed under subsection (a) or (b), the Secretary 
of the military department concerned shall issue to the covered member 
or the authorized representative of the covered member a corrected 
Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214), or 
other like form regularly used by an Armed Force that--
            (1) reflects the upgraded discharge characterization of the 
        covered member; and
            (2) does not reflect the sexual orientation of the covered 
        member or the original stated reason for the discharge or 
        dismissal of that covered member.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate board'' means a board for the 
        correction of military or naval records under section 1552 of 
        title 10, United States Code, or a discharge review board under 
        section 1553 of such title, as the case may be.
            (2) The term ``authorized representative'' means an heir or 
        legal representative of a covered member.
            (3) The term ``covered member'' means any former member of 
        the Armed Forces who was discharged from the Armed Forces 
        because of the sexual orientation of that member.
            (4) The term ``discharge characterization'' means the 
        characterization assigned to the service of a covered member on 
        the discharge or dismissal of that covered member from service 
        in the Armed Forces.
SEC. 528. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1121 note prec.>>  DEVELOPMENT OF 
                        GUIDELINES FOR USE OF UNOFFICIAL SOURCES 
                        OF INFORMATION TO DETERMINE ELIGIBILITY OF 
                        MEMBERS AND FORMER MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES FOR DECORATIONS WHEN THE SERVICE 
                        RECORDS ARE INCOMPLETE BECAUSE OF DAMAGE 
                        TO THE OFFICIAL RECORD.

    (a) Guidelines Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
guidelines regarding the use by the Secretaries of the military 
departments of unofficial sources of information, including eyewitness 
statements, to determine the eligibility of a member or former member of 
the Armed Forces for decorations when the service records of the member 
are incomplete because of damage to the records as a result of the 1973 
fire at the National Personnel Records Center in St. Louis, Missouri, or 
any subsequent incident while the records were in the possession of the 
Department of Defense.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1358]]

    (b) Time for Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall complete 
development of the guidelines not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 529. <<NOTE: 10 USC 656 note.>>  STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DIVERSITY 
                        AND INCLUSION.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall design and 
implement a five-year strategic plan for diversity and inclusion in the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The strategic plan under this section--
            (1) shall incorporate existing efforts to promote diversity 
        and inclusion within the Department; and
            (2) may not conflict with the objectives of the 2018 
        National Military Strategy.

    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary shall implement the strategic plan 
under this section not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 530. STUDY REGARDING SCREENING INDIVIDUALS WHO SEEK TO ENLIST 
                        IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall study the feasibility of, 
in background investigations and security and suitability screenings of 
individuals who seek to enlist in the Armed Forces--
            (1) screening for extremist and gang-related activity; and
            (2) using the following resources of the Federal Bureau of 
        Investigation:
                    (A) The Tattoo and Graffiti Identification Program.
                    (B) The National Gang Intelligence Center.

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit an unclassified report 
in writing to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives containing conclusions of the Secretary regarding the 
study under subsection (a).
SEC. 530A. FEASIBILITY STUDY REGARDING NOTIFICATION TO SECRETARY 
                          OF HOMELAND SECURITY OF HONORABLE 
                          DISCHARGES OF NON-CITIZENS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation. Records.>>  Study Required.--The Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, 
shall study the feasibility of providing the Secretary of Homeland 
Security with a copy of the Certificate of Release or Discharge from 
Active Duty (DD Form 214) or National Guard Report of Separation and 
Record of Service (NGB-22) for each individual who is not a citizen of 
the United States who is honorably discharged from the Armed Forces so 
the Secretary of Homeland Security may note such discharge in an I-213 
Record of Deportable/Inadmissible Alien for that individual.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report 
regarding the results of the study under this section.
SEC. 530B. SENSE OF CONGRESS REGARDING ACCESSION PHYSICALS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the Secretary of Defense should 
explore alternatives to centralized accession physicals at Military 
Entrance Processing Stations, including conducting physicals through 
community health care providers, in order to reduce

[[Page 133 STAT. 1359]]

transportation costs, increase efficiency in processing times, and free 
recruiters to focus on the core of the recruiting mission.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

SEC. 531. EXPANSION OF PRE-REFERRAL MATTERS REVIEWABLE BY MILITARY 
                        JUDGES AND MILITARY MAGISTRATES IN THE 
                        INTEREST OF EFFICIENCY IN MILITARY 
                        JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a) of section 830a of title 10, United 
States Code (article 30a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the following 
new paragraphs:
    ``(1) <<NOTE: President. Regulations.>>  The President shall 
prescribe regulations for matters relating to proceedings conducted 
before referral of charges and specifications to court-martial for 
trial, including the following:
            ``(A) Pre-referral investigative subpoenas.
            ``(B) Pre-referral warrants or orders for electronic 
        communications.
            ``(C) Pre-referral matters referred by an appellate court.
            ``(D) Pre-referral matters under subsection (c) or (e) of 
        section 806b of this title (article 6b).
            ``(E) Pre-referral matters relating to the following:
                    ``(i) Pre-trial confinement of an accused.
                    ``(ii) The mental capacity or mental responsibility 
                of an accused.
                    ``(iii) A request for an individual military 
                counsel.

    ``(2) In addition to the matters specified in paragraph (1), the 
regulations prescribed under that paragraph shall--
            ``(A) set forth the matters that a military judge may rule 
        upon in such proceedings;
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  include procedures for the 
        review of such rulings;
            ``(C) include appropriate limitations to ensure that 
        proceedings under this section extend only to matters that would 
        be subject to consideration by a military judge in a general or 
        special court-martial; and
            ``(D) provide such limitations on the relief that may be 
        ordered under this section as the President considers 
        appropriate.''.

    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 830a. Art 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter VI of chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 830 prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 830a (article 30a) and inserting the following new item:

``830a. 30a. Proceedings conducted before referral.''.

SEC. 532. COMMAND INFLUENCE.

    (a) In General.--Section 837 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 37 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Unlawfully influencing action of court'' 
        and inserting ``Command influence'';
            (2) by amending subsection (a) to read as follows:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1360]]

    ``(a)(1) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other 
commanding officer, may censure, reprimand, or admonish the court or any 
member, military judge, or counsel thereof, with respect to the findings 
or sentence adjudged by the court, or with respect to any other exercise 
of its or his functions in the conduct of the proceeding.
    ``(2) No court-martial convening authority, nor any other commanding 
officer, may deter or attempt to deter a potential witness from 
participating in the investigatory process or testifying at a court-
martial. The denial of a request to travel at government expense or 
refusal to make a witness available shall not by itself constitute 
unlawful command influence.
    ``(3) No person subject to this chapter may attempt to coerce or, by 
any unauthorized means, attempt to influence the action of a court-
martial or any other military tribunal or any member thereof, in 
reaching the findings or sentence in any case, or the action of any 
convening, approving, or reviewing authority or preliminary hearing 
officer with respect to such acts taken pursuant to this chapter as 
prescribed by the President.
    ``(4) Conduct that does not constitute a violation of paragraphs (1) 
through (3) may include, for example--
            ``(A) general instructional or informational courses in 
        military justice if such courses are designed solely for the 
        purpose of instructing persons on the substantive and procedural 
        aspects of courts-martial;
            ``(B) statements regarding criminal activity or a particular 
        criminal offense that do not advocate a particular disposition, 
        or a particular court-martial finding or sentence, or do not 
        relate to a particular accused; or
            ``(C) statements and instructions given in open court by the 
        military judge or counsel.

    ``(5)(A) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (3), but subject to 
subparagraph (B)--
            ``(i) a superior convening authority or officer may 
        generally discuss matters to consider regarding the disposition 
        of alleged violations of this chapter with a subordinate 
        convening authority or officer; and
            ``(ii) a subordinate convening authority or officer may seek 
        advice from a superior convening authority or officer regarding 
        the disposition of an alleged offense under this chapter.

    ``(B) No superior convening authority or officer may direct a 
subordinate convening authority or officer to make a particular 
disposition in a specific case or otherwise substitute the discretion of 
such authority or such officer for that of the subordinate convening 
authority or officer.'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by striking ``advanced, in grade'' and inserting 
                ``advanced in grade''; and
                    (B) by striking ``accused before a court-martial'' 
                and inserting ``person in a court-martial proceeding''; 
                and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(c) No finding or sentence of a court-martial may be held 
incorrect on the ground of a violation of this section unless the 
violation materially prejudices the substantial rights of the accused.
    ``(d)(1) A superior convening authority or commanding officer may 
withhold the authority of a subordinate convening authority

[[Page 133 STAT. 1361]]

or officer to dispose of offenses in individual cases, types of cases, 
or generally.
    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1) or as otherwise authorized 
by this chapter, a superior convening authority or commanding officer 
may not limit the discretion of a subordinate convening authority or 
officer to act with respect to a case for which the subordinate 
convening authority or officer has authority to dispose of the 
offenses.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning 
subchapter VII of chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), <<NOTE: 10 USC 836 prec.>>  is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 837 (article 37) and 
inserting the following new item:

``837. Art. 37. Command influence.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 837 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to violations of 
section 837 of title 10, United States Code (article 37 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), committed on or after such date.
SEC. 533. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS FOR CERTAIN OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 843 of title 10, United States Code 
(article 43 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``maiming of a child, 
        kidnapping of a child,'' after ``sexual assault of a child,''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (b)(2)(B)--
                    (A) by striking clauses (ii) and (iv); and
                    (B) by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (ii).

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 843 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act and shall apply with respect to the prosecution of offenses 
committed before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this Act if 
the applicable limitation period has not yet expired.
SEC. 534. PUBLIC ACCESS TO DOCKETS, FILINGS, AND COURT RECORDS OF 
                        COURTS-MARTIAL OR OTHER RECORDS OF TRIAL 
                        OF THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Section 940a of title 10, United States Code 
(article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security,'';
            (2) in subsection (a), as designated by paragraph (1)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``(including with respect to the Coast 
                Guard)'' after ``military justice system''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``public'' before 
                ``access to docket information''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsections:

    ``(b) Protection of Certain Personally Identifiable Information.--
Records of trial, docket information, filings, and other records made 
publicly accessible in accordance with the uniform standards and 
criteria for conduct established by the Secretary under subsection (a) 
shall restrict access to personally identifiable information of minors 
and victims of crime (including victims of sexual assault and domestic 
violence), as practicable to the extent

[[Page 133 STAT. 1362]]

such information is restricted in electronic filing systems of Federal 
and State courts.
    ``(c) Inapplicability to Certain Dockets and Records.--Nothing in 
this section shall be construed to provide public access to docket 
information, filings, or records that are classified, subject to a 
judicial protective order, or ordered sealed.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. Consultation. 10 USC 940a note.>>  
Existing Standards and Criteria.--The Secretary of Homeland Security 
shall apply to the Coast Guard the standards and criteria for conduct 
established by the Secretary of Defense under section 940a of title 10, 
United States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of 
this Act, until such time as the Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Homeland Security, prescribes revised standards 
and criteria for conduct under such section that implement the 
amendments made by subsection (a) of this section.
SEC. 535. EXTENSION OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                        INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546(f)(1) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 
note) is amended by striking ``five'' and inserting ``10''.
SEC. 536. AUTHORITY FOR RETURN OF PERSONAL PROPERTY TO VICTIMS OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO FILE A RESTRICTED 
                        REPORT BEFORE CONCLUSION OF RELATED 
                        PROCEEDINGS.

    Section 586 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2012 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (e);
            (2) in subsection (e), as so redesignated, in the subsection 
        heading, by inserting ``in Unrestricted Reporting Cases'' after 
        ``Proceedings''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(f) Return of Personal Property in Restricted Reporting Cases.--
(1) The Secretary <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  of Defense shall prescribe 
procedures under which a victim who files a restricted report on an 
incident of sexual assault may request, at any time, the return of any 
personal property of the victim obtained as part of the sexual assault 
forensic examination.

    ``(2) The procedures shall ensure that--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Confidential information.>>  a request of a 
        victim under paragraph (1) may be made on a confidential basis 
        and without affecting the restricted nature of the restricted 
        report; and
            ``(B) at the time of the filing of the restricted report, a 
        Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Sexual Assault Prevention 
        and Response Victim Advocate--
                    ``(i) informs the victim that the victim may request 
                the return of personal property as described in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    ``(ii) advises the victim that such a request for 
                the return of personal property may negatively impact a 
                subsequent case adjudication, if the victim later 
                decides to convert the restricted report to an 
                unrestricted report.

    ``(3) Except with respect to personal property returned to a victim 
under this subsection, nothing in this subsection shall affect

[[Page 133 STAT. 1363]]

the requirement to retain a sexual assault forensic examination (SAFE) 
kit for the period specified in subsection (c)(4)(A).''.
SEC. 537. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 856 note.>>  GUIDELINES ON 
                        SENTENCES FOR OFFENSES COMMITTED UNDER THE 
                        UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Development of Guidelines.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall develop nonbinding 
guidelines on sentences for offenses under chapter 47 of title 10, 
United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice). The 
guidelines shall provide the sentencing authority with a suggested range 
of punishments, including suggested ranges of confinement, that will 
generally be appropriate for a violation of each offense under such 
chapter.
    (b) Sentencing Data.--In developing the guidelines for sentences 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall take into account 
the sentencing data collected by the Military Justice Review Panel 
pursuant to section 946(f)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
146(f)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than the date specified in 
subsection (d), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives--
            (1) the guidelines for sentences developed under subsection 
        (a); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of implementing such guidelines in panel 
        sentencing cases.

    (d) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
date that is not later than one year after the date on the which the 
first report of the Military Justice Review Panel is submitted to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives pursuant to section 946(f)(5) of title 10, United States 
Code (article 146(f)(5) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
SEC. 538. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1044e note.>>  NOTIFICATION OF 
                        SIGNIFICANT EVENTS AND DOCUMENTATION OF 
                        PREFERENCE FOR PROSECUTION JURISDICTION 
                        FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) Notification to Victims of Events in Military Justice Process.--
            (1) Notification required.--A member of the Armed Forces who 
        is the victim of an alleged sexual assault by another member of 
        the Armed Forces shall receive notification of each significant 
        event in the military justice process that relates to the 
        investigation, prosecution, and confinement of such other member 
        for such assault.
            (2) Documentation.--Appropriate documentation of each 
        notification made pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be created and 
        maintained in an appropriate system of records of the military 
        department concerned.

    (b) Documentation of Victim's Preference for Prosecution 
Jurisdiction.--In the case of a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
victim of an alleged sexual assault committed by another member of the 
Armed Forces who is subject to prosecution for such offense both by 
court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), and by a civilian court under Federal 
or State law, appropriate documentation of the preference, if any, of 
such victim for prosecution of such offense by court-martial or by a 
civilian court as provided

[[Page 133 STAT. 1364]]

for by Rule for Courts-Martial 306(e) (as set forth in the Manual for 
Courts-Martial, 2019 edition, or any successor rule), shall be created 
and maintained in an appropriate system of records of the military 
department concerned.
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations implementing this section.
SEC. 539. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note prec.>>  INCREASE IN NUMBER OF 
                        DIGITAL FORENSIC EXAMINERS FOR CERTAIN 
                        MILITARY CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIVE 
                        ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall take 
appropriate actions to increase the number of digital forensic examiners 
in each military criminal investigative organization specified in 
subsection (b) under the jurisdiction of such Secretary by not fewer 
than 10 from the authorized number of such examiners for such 
organization as of September 30, 2019.
    (b) Military Criminal Investigative Organizations.--The military 
criminal investigative organizations specified in this subsection are 
the following:
            (1) The Army Criminal Investigation Command.
            (2) The Naval Criminal Investigative Service.
            (3) The Air Force Office of Special Investigations.

    (c) Funding.--Funds for additional digital forensic examiners as 
required by subsection (a) for fiscal year 2020, including for 
compensation, initial training, and equipment, shall be derived from 
amounts authorized to be appropriated for that fiscal year for the Armed 
Force concerned for operation and maintenance.
SEC. 540. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 1561 note prec.>>  INCREASE IN 
                        INVESTIGATIVE PERSONNEL AND VICTIM WITNESS 
                        ASSISTANCE PROGRAM LIAISONS.

    (a) Military Criminal Investigative Services.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
military department shall increase the number of personnel assigned to 
the military criminal investigative services of the department with the 
goal of ensuring, to the extent practicable, that the investigation of 
any sex-related offense is completed not later than six months after the 
date on which the investigation is initiated. An investigation shall be 
considered completed for purposes of the preceding sentence when the 
active phase of the investigation is sufficiently complete to enable the 
appropriate authority to reach a decision with respect to the 
disposition of charges for the sex-related offense.
    (b)  Victim Witness Assistance Program Liaisons.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of each 
military department shall increase the number of personnel serving as 
Victim Witness Assistance Program liaisons to address personnel 
shortages in the Victim Witness Assistance Program.
    (c) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, 
enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, 
its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or 
agents, or any other person.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1365]]

SEC. 540A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 822 note.>>  TRAINING FOR SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                          INITIAL DISPOSITION AUTHORITIES ON 
                          EXERCISE OF DISPOSITION AUTHORITY FOR 
                          SEXUAL ASSAULT AND COLLATERAL OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--The training for sexual assault initial disposition 
authorities on the exercise of disposition authority under chapter 47 of 
title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
shall include comprehensive training on the exercise of disposition 
authority with respect to cases for which disposition authority is 
withheld to such authorities pursuant to the memorandum described in 
subsection (b) for the purpose of promoting confidence and trust in the 
military justice process with respect to such cases.
    (b) Memorandum Described.--The memorandum described in this 
subsection is the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense titled 
``Withholding Initial Disposition Authority Under the Uniform Code of 
Military Justice in Certain Sexual Assault Cases'' and dated April 20, 
2012, or any successor memorandum.
SEC. 540B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>>  TRAINING FOR COMMANDERS IN 
                          THE ARMED FORCES ON THEIR ROLE IN ALL 
                          STAGES OF MILITARY JUSTICE IN CONNECTION 
                          WITH SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) In General.--The training provided commanders in the Armed 
Forces shall include comprehensive training on the role of commanders in 
all stages of military justice in connection with sexual assaults by 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements To Be Covered.--The training provided pursuant to 
subsection (a) shall include training on the following:
            (1) The role of commanders in each stage of the military 
        justice process in connection with sexual assault committed by a 
        member of the Armed Forces, including investigation and 
        prosecution.
            (2) The role of commanders in assuring that victims of 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are informed of, and 
        have the opportunity to obtain, assistance available for victims 
        of sexual assault by law.
            (3) The role of commanders in assuring that victims of 
        sexual assault described in paragraph (1) are afforded the 
        rights and protections available to victims by law.
            (4) The role of commanders in preventing retaliation against 
        victims, their family members, witnesses, first responders, and 
        bystanders for their their complaints, statements, testimony, 
        and status in connection with sexual assault described in 
        paragraph (1), including the role of commanders in ensuring that 
        subordinates in the command are aware of their responsibilities 
        in preventing such retaliation.
            (5) The role of commanders in establishing and maintaining a 
        healthy command climate in connection with reporting on sexual 
        assault described in paragraph (1), and in the response of the 
        commander, subordinates in the command, and other personnel in 
        the command to such sexual assault, such reporting, and the 
        military justice process in connection with such sexual assault.
            (6) Any other matters on the role of commanders in 
        connection with sexual assault described in paragraph (1) that 
        the Secretary of Defense considers appropriate for purposes of 
        this section.

    (c) Incorporation of Best Practices.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1366]]

            (1) In general.--The training provided pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall incorporate best practices on all matters 
        covered by the training.
            (2) Identification of best practices.--The Secretaries of 
        the military departments shall, acting through the training and 
        doctrine commands of the Armed Forces, undertake from time to 
        time surveys and other reviews of the matters covered by the 
        training provided pursuant to subsection (a) in order to 
        identify and incorporate into such training the most current 
        practicable best practices on such matters.

    (d) Uniformity.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the 
training provided pursuant to subsection (a) is, to the extent 
practicable, uniform across the Armed Forces.
SEC. 540C. <<NOTE: 10 USC 830 note.>>  TIMELY DISPOSITION OF 
                          NONPROSECUTABLE SEX-RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and implement a policy to ensure the timely disposition of 
nonprosecutable sex-related offenses.

    (b) Nonprosecutable Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``nonprosecutable sex-related offense'' means an alleged sex-
related offense (as that term is defined in section 1044e(g) of title 
10, United States Code) that a court-martial convening authority has 
declined to refer for trial by a general or special court-martial under 
chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), due to a determination that there is insufficient evidence to 
support prosecution of the sex-related offense.
SEC. 540D. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 1561 note.>>  DEPARTMENT OF 
                          DEFENSE-WIDE POLICY AND MILITARY 
                          DEPARTMENT-SPECIFIC PROGRAMS ON 
                          REINVIGORATION OF THE PREVENTION OF 
                          SEXUAL ASSAULT INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE 
                          ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall develop and issue 
a comprehensive policy for the Department of Defense to reinvigorate the 
prevention of sexual assault involving members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Policy Elements.--
            (1) In general.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) Education and training for members of the Armed 
                Forces on the prevention of sexual assault.
                    (B) Elements for programs designed to encourage and 
                promote healthy relationships among members of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (C) Elements for programs designed to empower and 
                enhance the role of non-commissioned officers in the 
                prevention of sexual assault.
                    (D) Elements for programs to foster social courage 
                among members of the Armed Forces to encourage and 
                promote intervention in situations in order to prevent 
                sexual assault.
                    (E) Processes and mechanisms designed to address 
                behaviors among members of the Armed Forces that are 
                included in the continuum of harm that frequently 
                results in sexual assault.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1367]]

                    (F) Elements for programs designed to address 
                alcohol abuse, including binge drinking, among members 
                of the Armed Forces.
                    (G) Such other elements, processes, mechanisms, and 
                other matters as the Secretary of Defense considers 
                appropriate.
            (2) Continuum of harm resulting in sexual assault.--For 
        purposes of paragraph (1)(E), the continuum of harm that 
        frequently results in sexual assault includes hazing, sexual 
        harassment, and related behaviors (including language choices, 
        off-hand statements, jokes, and unconscious attitudes or biases) 
        that create a permissive climate for sexual assault.

    (c) Programs Required.--Not later than 180 days after the issuance 
of the policy required by subsection (a), each Secretary of a military 
department shall develop and implement for each Armed Force under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary a program to reinvigorate the prevention 
of sexual assaults involving members of the Armed Forces. Each program 
shall include the elements, processes, mechanisms, and other matters 
developed by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection (a) 
tailored to the requirements and circumstances of the Armed Force or 
Armed Forces concerned.
SEC. 540E. RECOMMENDATIONS ON SEPARATE PUNITIVE ARTICLE IN THE 
                          UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE ON 
                          SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

    Not later <<NOTE: Reports.>>  than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report containing such recommendations as the 
Secretary considers appropriate with respect to the establishment of a 
separate punitive article in chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code 
(the Uniform Code of Military Justice), on sexual harassment.
SEC. 540F. REPORT ON MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM INVOLVING ALTERNATIVE 
                          AUTHORITY FOR DETERMINING WHETHER TO 
                          PREFER OR REFER CHANGES FOR FELONY 
                          OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE OF 
                          MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Study.>>  In general.--Not later than 300 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth 
        the results of a study, conducted for purposes of the report, on 
        the feasibility and advisability of an alternative military 
        justice system in which determinations as to whether to prefer 
        or refer charges for trial by court-martial for any offense 
        specified in paragraph (2) is made by a judge advocate in grade 
        O-6 or higher who has significant experience in criminal 
        litigation and is outside of the chain of command of the member 
        subject to the charges rather than by a commanding officer of 
        the member who is in the chain of command of the member.
            (2) Specified offense.--An offense specified in this 
        paragraph is any offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United 
        States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), for which 
        the maximum punishment authorized includes confinement for more 
        than one year.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1368]]

    (b) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The study required for purposes 
of the report under subsection (a) shall address the following:
            (1) Relevant procedural, legal, and policy implications and 
        considerations of the alternative military justice system 
        described in subsection (a).
            (2) An analysis of the following in connection with the 
        implementation and maintenance of the alternative military 
        justice system:
                    (A) Legal personnel requirements.
                    (B) Changes in force structure.
                    (C) Amendments to law.
                    (D) Impacts on the timeliness and efficiency of 
                legal processes and court-martial adjudications.
                    (E) Potential legal challenges to the system.
                    (F) Potential changes in prosecution and conviction 
                rates.
                    (G) Potential impacts on the preservation of good 
                order and discipline, including the ability of a 
                commander to carry out nonjudicial punishment and other 
                administrative actions.
                    (H) Such other considerations as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (3) A comparative analysis of the military justice systems 
        of relevant foreign allies with the current military justice 
        system of the United States and the alternative military justice 
        system, including whether or not approaches of the military 
        justice systems of such allies to determinations described in 
        subsection (a) are appropriate for the military justice system 
        of the United States.
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of conducting a pilot program to assess the 
        feasibility and advisability of the alternative military justice 
        system, and, if the pilot program is determined to be feasible 
        and advisable--
                    (A) an analysis of potential legal issues in 
                connection with the pilot program, including potential 
                issues for appeals; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations on 
                the following:
                          (i) The populations to be subject to the pilot 
                      program.
                          (ii) The duration of the pilot program.
                          (iii) Metrics to measure the effectiveness of 
                      the pilot program.
                          (iv) The resources to be used to conduct the 
                      pilot program.
SEC. 540G. REPORT ON STANDARDIZATION AMONG THE MILITARY 
                          DEPARTMENTS IN COLLECTION AND 
                          PRESENTATION OF INFORMATION ON MATTERS 
                          WITHIN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    Not later <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan for actions to provide for 
        standardization, to the extent practicable, among the military 
        departments in the collection and presentation of information on 
        matters within

[[Page 133 STAT. 1369]]

        their military justice systems, including information collected 
        and maintained for purposes of section 940a of title 10, United 
        States Code (article 140a of the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), and such other information as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of establishing and maintaining a single, 
        Department of Defense-wide data management system for the 
        standardized collection and presentation of information 
        described in paragraph (1).
SEC. 540H. REPORT ON EXPANSION OF AIR FORCE SAFE TO REPORT POLICY 
                          ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation. Assessment.>>  Report.--Not late than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the Secretary of Homeland Security, submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth an assessment of the feasibility 
and advisability of expanding the applicability of the safe to report 
policy described in subsection (b) so that the policy applies across the 
Armed Forces.

    (b) Safe to Report Policy.--The safe to report policy described in 
this subsection is the policy, currently applicable in the Air Force 
alone, under which a member of the Armed Forces who is the victim of an 
alleged sexual assault committed by another member of the Armed Forces, 
but who may have committed minor collateral misconduct at or about the 
time of such alleged sexual assault, or whose minor collateral 
misconduct at or about such time is discovered only as a result of the 
investigation into such alleged sexual assault, may report such alleged 
sexual assault to proper authorities without fear or receipt of 
discipline in connection with such minor collateral misconduct.
SEC. 540I. <<NOTE: 10 USC 810 note.>>  ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, 
                          ETHNIC, AND GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE 
                          MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide for the 
carrying out of the activities described in subsections (b) and (c) in 
order to improve the ability of the Department of Defense to detect and 
address racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice 
system.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Secretary of Defense and Related 
Activities.--The activities described in this subsection are the 
following, to be commenced or carried out (as applicable) by not later 
than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act:
            (1) For each court-martial conducted by an Armed Force after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall require the head of the Armed Force concerned--
                    (A) to record the race, ethnicity, and gender of the 
                victim and the accused, and such other demographic 
                information about the victim and the accused as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate;
                    (B) to include data based on the information 
                described in subparagraph (A) in the annual military 
                justice reports of the Armed Force.
            (2) <<NOTE: Consultation. Guidance.>>  The Secretary of 
        Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
        departments and the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall issue 
        guidance that--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1370]]

                    (A) <<NOTE: Criteria.>>  establishes criteria to 
                determine when data indicating possible racial, ethnic, 
                or gender disparities in the military justice process 
                should be further reviewed; and
                    (B) describes how such a review should be conducted.
            (3) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  The Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
        and the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  conduct an evaluation to 
                identify the causes of any racial, ethnic, or gender 
                disparities identified in the military justice system;
                    (B) take steps to address the causes of any such 
                disparities, as appropriate.

    (c) DAC-IPAD Activities.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Reviews. Assessments.>>  In general.--The 
        activities described in this subsection are the following, to be 
        conducted by the independent committee DAC-IPAD:
                    (A) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the 
                race and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces 
                accused of a penetrative sexual assault offense or 
                contact sexual assault offense in an unrestricted report 
                made pursuant to Department of Defense Instruction 
                6495.02, including an unrestricted report involving a 
                spouse or intimate partner, in all cases completed in 
                each fiscal year assessed.
                    (B) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the 
                race and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces 
                against whom charges were preferred pursuant to Rule for 
                Courts-Martial 307 for a penetrative sexual assault 
                offense or contact sexual assault offense in all cases 
                completed in each fiscal year assessed.
                    (C) A review and assessment, by fiscal year, of the 
                race and ethnicity of members of the Armed Forces who 
                were convicted of a penetrative sexual assault offense 
                or contact sexual assault offense in all cases completed 
                in each fiscal year assessed.
            (2) Information from federal agencies.--
                    (A) In general.--Upon request by the chair of the 
                committee, a department or agency of the Federal 
                Government shall provide information that the committee 
                considers necessary to conduct reviews and assessments 
                required by paragraph (1), including military criminal 
                investigation files, charge sheets, records of trial, 
                and personnel records.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Records.>>  Handling, storage, and 
                return.--The committee shall handle and store all 
                records received and reviewed under this subsection in 
                accordance with applicable privacy laws and Department 
                of Defense policy, and shall return all records so 
                received in a timely manner.
            (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the committee shall submit to the 
        Secretary of Defense, and to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives, a report setting 
        forth the results of the reviews and assessments required by 
        paragraph (1). <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  The report shall 
        include such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the committee considers appropriate in light of such 
        results.
            (4) Definitions.--In this subsection:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1371]]

                    (A) The term ``independent committee DAC-IPAD'' 
                means the independent committee established by the 
                Secretary of Defense under section 546 of the Carl Levin 
                and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
                291; 128 Stat. 3374), commonly known as the ``DAC-
                IPAD''.
                    (B) The term ``case'' means an unrestricted report 
                of any penetrative sexual assault offense or contact 
                sexual assault offense made against a member of the 
                Armed Forces pursuant to Department of Defense 
                Instruction 6495.02, including any unrestricted report 
                involving a spouses or intimate partner for which an 
                investigation has been opened by a criminal 
                investigative organization.
                    (C) The term ``completed'', with respect to a case, 
                means that the case was tried to verdict, dismissed 
                without further action, or dismissed and then resolved 
                by non-judicial or administrative proceedings.
                    (D) The term ``contact sexual assault offense'' 
                means aggravated sexual contact, abusive sexual contact, 
                wrongful sexual contact, and attempts to commit such 
                offenses under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
                    (E) The term ``penetrative sexual assault offense'' 
                means rape, aggravated sexual assault, sexual assault, 
                forcible sodomy, and attempts to commit such offenses 
                under the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
SEC. 540J. <<NOTE: 10 USC 810 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAMS ON DEFENSE 
                          INVESTIGATORS IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE 
                          SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--Each Secretary of a military department shall carry 
out a pilot program on defense investigators within the military justice 
system under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to do the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Determine whether the presence 
        of defense investigators within such military justice system 
        will--
                    (A) make such military justice system more effective 
                in providing an effective defense for the accused; and
                    (B) make such military justice system more fair and 
                efficient.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  Otherwise assess the feasibility 
        and advisability of defense investigators as an element of such 
        military justice system.

    (b) Elements.--
            (1) Interview of victim.--A defense investigator may 
        question a victim under a pilot program only upon a request made 
        through the Special Victims' Counsel or other counsel if the 
        victim does not have such counsel.
            (2) Uniformity across military justice systems.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the personnel and 
        activities of defense investigators under the pilot programs 
        are, to the extent practicable, uniform across the military 
        justice systems of the military departments.

    (c) Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--Not later than 
        three years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries 
        of the military departments, submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1372]]

        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
        programs under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                the personnel and activities of defense investigators 
                under such pilot program.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                feasibility and advisability of establishing and 
                maintaining defense investigators as an element of the 
                military justice systems of the military departments.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  If the assessment 
                under subparagraph (B) is that the establishment and 
                maintenance of defense investigators as an element of 
                the military justice systems of the military departments 
                is feasible and advisable, such recommendations for 
                legislative and administrative action as the Secretary 
                of Defense considers appropriate to establish and 
                maintain defense investigators as an element of the 
                military justice systems.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate.
SEC. 540K. REPORT ON PRESERVATION OF RECOURSE TO RESTRICTED REPORT 
                          ON SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
                          ASSAULT FOLLOWING CERTAIN VICTIM OR 
                          THIRD-PARTY COMMUNICATIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Report Required.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report making findings and 
recommendations on the feasibility and advisability of a policy for the 
Department of Defense that would permit a victim of a sexual assault, 
that is or may be investigated as a result of a communication described 
in subsection (b), which victim is a member of the Armed Forces or an 
adult dependent of a member of the Armed Forces, to have the reporting 
on the sexual assault be treated as a restricted report without regard 
to the party initiating or receiving such communication.

    (b) Communications.--A communication described in this subsection is 
a communication reporting a sexual assault as follows:
            (1) By the victim to a member of the Armed Forces, whether a 
        commissioned officer or a noncommissioned officer, in the chain 
        of command of the victim or the victim's military sponsor.
            (2) By the victim to military law enforcement personnel or 
        personnel of a military criminal investigative organization 
        (MCIO).
            (3) By any individual other than victim.

    (c) Scope of Findings and Recommendations.--The report required by 
subsection (a) may include recommendations for new provisions of statute 
or regulations, or modification of current statute or regulations, that 
may be required to put into effect the findings and recommendations 
described in subsection (a).
    (d) Consultation.--In preparing the report required by subsection 
(a), the Secretary shall consult with the Defense Advisory Committee on 
Investigation, Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
Forces (DAC-IPAD) under section 546 of

[[Page 133 STAT. 1373]]

the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note).
SEC. 540L. REPORT ON ESTABLISHMENT OF GUARDIAN AD LITEM PROGRAM 
                          FOR CERTAIN MILITARY DEPENDENTS WHO ARE 
                          A VICTIM OR WITNESS OF AN OFFENSE UNDER 
                          THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE 
                          INVOLVING ABUSE OR EXPLOITATION.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  In general.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting 
        forth an assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing a guardian ad litem program for military dependents 
        described in paragraph (2) who are a victim or witness of an 
        offense under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice), that involves an element of 
        abuse or exploitation in order to protect the best interests of 
        such dependents in a court-martial of such offense.
            (2) Covered dependents.--The military dependents described 
        in this paragraph are as follows:
                    (A) Military dependents under 12 years of age.
                    (B) Military dependents who lack mental or other 
                capacity.

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        and advisability of establishing a guardian ad litem program as 
        described in subsection (a).
            (2) If establishment of the guardian ad litem program is 
        considered feasible and advisable, the following:
                    (A) A description of administrative requirements in 
                connection with the program, including the following:
                          (i) <<NOTE: Memoranda.>>  Any memoranda of 
                      understanding between the Department of Defense 
                      and State and local authorities required for 
                      purposes of the program.
                          (ii) The personnel, funding, and other 
                      resources required for purposes of the program.
                    (B) Best practices for the program (as determined in 
                consultation with appropriate civilian experts on child 
                advocacy).
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                recommendations for legislative and administration 
                action to implement the program as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
SEC. 540M. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                          IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF 
                          RECENT STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON SEXUAL 
                          ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE IN THE 
                          MILITARY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Study.>>  Report Required.--The Comptroller General of 
the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in writing, on a 
study, conducted by the Comptroller General for purposes of the report, 
on the implementation by the Armed Forces of statutory requirements on 
sexual assault prevention and response in the military in the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136) and 
each succeeding national

[[Page 133 STAT. 1374]]

defense authorization Act through the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232).

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list and citation of each statutory 
        requirement (whether codified or uncodified) on sexual assault 
        prevention and response in the military in each national defense 
        authorization Act specified in paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) whether such statutory requirement is still in 
                force; and
                    (B) if such statutory requirement is no longer in 
                force, the date of the repeal or expiration of such 
                requirement.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  For each statutory requirement 
        listed pursuant to paragraph (1), the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the extent to which such 
                requirement was implemented, or is currently being 
                implemented, as applicable, by each Armed Force to which 
                such requirement applied or applies.
                    (B) A description and assessment of the actions 
                taken by each of the Department of Defense, the military 
                department concerned, and the Armed Force concerned to 
                assess and determine the effectiveness of actions taken 
                pursuant to such requirement in meeting its intended 
                objective.
            (3) Any other matters in connection with the statutory 
        requirements specified in subsection (a), and the implementation 
        of such requirements by the Armed Forces, that the Comptroller 
        General considers appropriate.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline. Recommenda- tions.>>  Briefings.--Not later 
than May 1, 2020, the Comptroller General shall provide to the 
committees referred to in subsection (a) one or more briefings on the 
status of the study required by subsection (a), including any 
preliminary findings and recommendations of the Comptroller General as a 
result of the study as of the date of such briefing.
SEC. 540N. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE PORT CHICAGO 50.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the American people should recognize the role of racial 
        bias during the era in which the prosecution and convictions of 
        the Port Chicago 50 took place for mutiny following the 
        deadliest home-front disaster in World War II, in which 320 were 
        killed on July 17, 1944, during a munitions explosion; and
            (2) in light of the well-documented challenges associated 
        with uniformed service by African Americans during this era, the 
        Secretary of the Navy should, as appropriate, recommend 
        executive action in favor of the 49 remaining Sailors with 
        general court-martial convictions and the 207 remaining Sailors 
        with summary court-martial convictions.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. IMPROVEMENT OF CERTAIN SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL 
                        AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Enhancement of Legal Consultation and Assistance in Connection 
With Potential Victim Benefits.--Paragraph

[[Page 133 STAT. 1375]]

(8)(D) of subsection (b) of section 1044e of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``and other'' and inserting ``, section 
1408(h) of this title, and other''.
    (b) Expansion of Legal Assistance Authorized to Include Consultation 
and Assistance for Retaliation.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended further--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (10) as paragraph (11); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following new 
        paragraph (10):
            ``(10) Legal consultation and assistance in connection with 
        an incident of retaliation, whether such incident occurs before, 
        during, or after the conclusion of any criminal proceedings, 
        including--
                    ``(A) in understanding the rights and protections 
                afforded to victims of retaliation;
                    ``(B) in the filing of complaints; and
                    ``(C) in any resulting military justice 
                proceedings.''.

    (c) Staffing Caseload Levels.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):

    ``(g) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Staffing Caseload Levels.--Commencing not 
later than four years after the date of the enactment of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020, each Secretary concerned 
shall ensure that the number of Special Victims' Counsel serving in each 
military department (and with respect to the Coast Guard) is sufficient 
to ensure that the average caseload of a Special Victims' Counsel does 
not exceed, to the extent practicable, 25 cases any given time.''.
SEC. 542. AVAILABILITY OF SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL AT MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Deadline for Availability.--Section 1044e(f) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), if a Special Victims' Counsel 
is not available at a military installation for access by a member of 
the armed forces who requests access to a Special Victims' Counsel, a 
Special Victims' Counsel shall be made available at such installation 
for access by such member by not later than 72 hours after such request.
    ``(B) If the Secretary concerned determines that, due to exigent 
circumstances related to military activities, a Special Victims' Counsel 
cannot be made available to a member of the armed forces within the time 
period required by subparagraph (A), the Secretary concerned shall 
ensure that a Special Victims' Counsel is made available to such member 
as soon as is practical under such circumstances.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  Report on Civilian Support of SVCs.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
Secretary of a military department shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
setting forth the assessment of such Secretary of the feasibility and 
advisability of establishing and maintaining for each Special

[[Page 133 STAT. 1376]]

Victims' Counsel under the jurisdiction of such Secretary one or more 
civilian positions for the purpose of--
            (1) providing support to such Special Victims' Counsel; and
            (2) ensuring continuity and the preservation of 
        institutional knowledge in transitions between the service of 
        individuals as such Special Victims' Counsel.
SEC. 543. NOTIFICATION OF ISSUANCE OF MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDER TO 
                        CIVILIAN LAW ENFORCEMENT.

    (a) Notification of Issuance.--Section 1567a of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  in subsection (a), by striking 
        ``and any individual involved in the order does not reside on a 
        military installation at any time during the duration of the 
        military protective order, the commander of the military 
        installation shall notify'' and inserting ``, the commander of 
        the unit to which the member is assigned shall, not later than 
        seven days after the date of the issuance of the order, 
        notify'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b);

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Notification in Event of Transfer.--In 
the event that a member of the armed forces against whom a military 
protective order is issued is transferred to another unit--
            ``(1) not later than the date of the transfer, the commander 
        of the unit from which the member is transferred shall notify 
        the commander of the unit to which the member is transferred 
        of--
                    ``(A) the issuance of the protective order; and
                    ``(B) the individuals involved in the order; and
            ``(2) not later than seven days after receiving the notice 
        under paragraph (1), the commander of the unit to which the 
        member is transferred shall provide notice of the order to the 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with subsection 
        (a).''; and
            (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``commander of the military installation'' and inserting 
        ``commander of the unit to which the member is assigned''.

    (b) Annual Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, and each 
year thereafter through 2025, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that identifies--
            (1) the number of military protective orders issued in the 
        calendar year preceding the year in which the report is 
        submitted; and
            (2) the number of such orders that were reported to 
        appropriate civilian authorities in accordance with section 
        1567a(a) of title 10, United States Code, in such preceding 
        year.
SEC. 544. COPYRIGHT PROTECTION FOR CIVILIAN FACULTY OF CERTAIN 
                        ACCREDITED INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 105 of title 17, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) In general.--'' before ``Copyright''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(b) Copyright Protection of Certain of Works.--Subject to 
subsection (c), the covered author of a covered work owns the copyright 
to that covered work.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1377]]

    ``(c) Use by Federal Government.--The Secretary of Defense may 
direct the covered author of a covered work to provide the Federal 
Government with an irrevocable, royalty-free, world-wide, nonexclusive 
license to reproduce, distribute, perform, or display such covered work 
for purposes of the United States Government.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered author' means a civilian member of 
        the faculty of a covered institution.
            ``(2) The term `covered institution' means the following:
                    ``(A) National Defense University.
                    ``(B) United States Military Academy.
                    ``(C) Army War College.
                    ``(D) United States Army Command and General Staff 
                College.
                    ``(E) United States Naval Academy.
                    ``(F) Naval War College.
                    ``(G) Naval Post Graduate School.
                    ``(H) Marine Corps University.
                    ``(I) United States Air Force Academy.
                    ``(J) Air University.
                    ``(K) Defense Language Institute.
                    ``(L) United States Coast Guard Academy.
            ``(3) The term `covered work' means a literary work produced 
        by a covered author in the course of employment at a covered 
        institution for publication by a scholarly press or journal.''.
SEC. 545. TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR VEHICLES OF 
                        SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC 
                        INJURY OR ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN MILITARY 
                        SERVICE.

    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Subsection (a) of section 
305 of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955), as amended 
by section 301 of the Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 
(Public Law 115-407), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Catastrophic injury or illness 
        of lessee.--The spouse of the lessee on a lease described in 
        subsection (b) may terminate the lease during the one-year 
        period beginning on the date on which the lessee incurs a 
        catastrophic injury or illness (as that term is defined in 
        section 439(g) of title 37, United States Code), if the lessee 
        incurs the catastrophic injury or illness during a period of 
        military service or while performing full-time National Guard 
        duty, active Guard and Reserve duty, or inactive-duty training 
        (as such terms are defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United 
        States Code).''.

    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such subsection is amended by striking 
``in subsection (b)(1)'' and inserting ``in subsection (b)''.
SEC. 546. MILITARY ORDERS REQUIRED FOR TERMINATION OF LEASES 
                        PURSUANT TO THE SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL 
                        RELIEF ACT.

    Section 305(i) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3955) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``(including orders for 
        separation or retirement)'' after ``official military orders''; 
        and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1378]]

            ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Permanent change of station.--
        The term `permanent change of station' includes separation or 
        retirement from military service.''.
SEC. 547. PRESERVATION OF RIGHT TO BRING CLASS ACTION UNDER 
                        SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    (a) In General.--Section 802(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief 
Act (50 U.S.C. 4042(a)) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) be a representative party on behalf of members of a 
        class or be a member of a class, in accordance with the Federal 
        Rules of Civil Procedure, notwithstanding any previous agreement 
        to the contrary.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 50 USC 4042 note.>>  Construction.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall not be construed to imply that a person 
aggrieved by a violation of such Act did not have a right to bring a 
civil action as a representative party on behalf of members of a class 
or be a member of a class in a civil action before the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 548. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1044 note.>>  LEGAL COUNSEL FOR VICTIMS 
                        OF ALLEGED DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OFFENSES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than December 1, 
2020, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a program to provide 
legal counsel (referred to in this section as ``Counsel'') to victims of 
alleged domestic violence offenses who are otherwise eligible for 
military legal assistance under section 1044 of title 10, United States 
Code.

    (b) Form of Implementation.--The program required under subsection 
(a) may be carried out as part of another program of the Department of 
Defense or through the establishment of a separate program.
    (c) Training and Terms.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
Counsel--
            (1) receive specialized training in legal issues commonly 
        associated with alleged domestic violence offenses; and
            (2) to the extent practicable, serve as Counsel for a period 
        of not less than 2 years.

    (d) Attorney-client Relationship.--The relationship between a 
Counsel and a victim in the provision of legal advice and assistance 
shall be the relationship between an attorney and client.
    (e) Paralegal Support.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
sufficient trained paralegal support is provided to Counsel under the 
program.
    (f) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives a report on the implementation of the program 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  A description and 
                assessment of the manner in which the Department of 
                Defense will implement the program required under 
                subsection (a).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1379]]

                    (B) An explanation of whether the program will be 
                carried out as part of another program of the Department 
                or through the establishment of a separate program.
                    (C) A comprehensive description of the additional 
                personnel, resources, and training that will be required 
                to implement the program, including identification of 
                the specific number of additional billets that will be 
                needed to staff the program.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations 
                for any modifications to law that may be necessary to 
                effectively and efficiently implement the program.

    (g) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1044 note.>>  Alleged Domestic Violence Offense 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``alleged domestic violence 
offense'' means any allegation of--
            (1) a violation of section 928(b), 928b(1), 928b(5), or 930 
        of title 10, United States Code (article 128(b), 128b(1), 
        128b(5), or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), when 
        committed against a spouse, intimate partner, or immediate 
        family member;
            (2) a violation of any other provision of subchapter X of 
        chapter 47 of such title (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
        when committed against a spouse, intimate partner, or immediate 
        family member; or
            (3) an attempt to commit an offense specified in paragraph 
        (1) or (2) as punishable under section 880 of such title 
        (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).
SEC. 549. <<NOTE: 10 USC 806b note.>>  NOTICE TO VICTIMS OF 
                        ALLEGED SEXUAL ASSAULT OF PENDENCY OF 
                        FURTHER ADMINISTRATIVE ACTION FOLLOWING A 
                        DETERMINATION NOT TO REFER TO TRIAL BY 
                        COURT-MARTIAL.

    Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, upon a 
determination not to refer a case of alleged sexual assault for trial by 
court-martial under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), the commander making such 
determination shall periodically notify the victim of the status of a 
final determination on further action on such case, whether non-judicial 
punishment under section 815 of such title (article 15 of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), other administrative action, or no further 
action. <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Such notifications shall continue not 
less frequently than monthly until such final determination.
SEC. 550. <<NOTE: 5 USC 552 note.>>  TREATMENT OF INFORMATION IN 
                        CATCH A SERIAL OFFENDER PROGRAM FOR 
                        CERTAIN PURPOSES.

    (a) Treatment Under FOIA.--Victim disclosures under the Catch a 
Serial Offender Program shall be withheld from public disclosure under 
paragraph (b)(3) of section 552 of title 5, United States Code (commonly 
referred to as the ``Freedom of Information Act'').
    (b) Preservation of Restricted Report.--The transmittal or receipt 
in connection with the Catch a Serial Offender Program of a report on a 
sexual assault that is treated as a restricted report shall not operate 
to terminate its treatment or status as a restricted report.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1380]]

SEC. 550A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561a note.>>  POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 
                          ON REGISTRATION AT MILITARY 
                          INSTALLATIONS OF CIVILIAN PROTECTIVE 
                          ORDERS APPLICABLE TO MEMBERS OF THE 
                          ARMED FORCES ASSIGNED TO SUCH 
                          INSTALLATIONS AND CERTAIN OTHER 
                          INDIVIDUALS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  Policies and Procedures 
Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, establish policies and 
procedures for the registration at military installations of any 
civilian protective orders described in subsection (b), including the 
duties and responsibilities of commanders of installations in the 
registration process.

    (b) Civilian Protective Orders.--A civilian protective order 
described in this subsection is any civilian protective order as 
follows:
            (1) A civilian protective order against a member of the 
        Armed Forces assigned to the installation concerned.
            (2) A civilian protective order against a civilian employee 
        employed at the installation concerned.
            (3) A civilian protective order against the civilian spouse 
        or intimate partner of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
        duty and assigned to the installation concerned, or of a 
        civilian employee described in paragraph (2), which order 
        provides for the protection of such member or employee.

    (c) Particular Elements.--The policies and procedures required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) A requirement for notice between and among the 
        commander, military law enforcement elements, and military 
        criminal investigative elements of an installation when a member 
        of the Armed Forces assigned to such installation, a civilian 
        employee employed at such installation, a civilian spouse or 
        intimate partner of a member assigned to such installation, or a 
        civilian spouse or intimate partner of a civilian employee 
        employed at such installation becomes subject to a civilian 
        protective order.
            (2) A statement of policy that failure to register a 
        civilian protective order may not be a justification for the 
        lack of enforcement of such order by military law enforcement 
        and other applicable personnel who have knowledge of such order.

    (d) Letter.--As soon as practicable after establishing the policies 
and procedures required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a letter that includes the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the policies and procedures.
            (2) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  A certification by the 
        Secretary that the policies and procedures have been implemented 
        on each military installation.
SEC. 550B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>>  DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
                          FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    (a) Establishment Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        and maintain within the Department of Defense an advisory 
        committee to be known as the ``Defense Advisory Committee for 
        the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct'' (in this section referred 
        to as the ``Advisory Committee'').

[[Page 133 STAT. 1381]]

            (2) Deadline for establishment.--The Secretary shall 
        establish the Advisory Committee not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) Membership.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Appointments.>>  In general.--The Advisory 
        Committee shall consist of not more than 20 members, appointed 
        by the Secretary from among individuals who have an expertise 
        appropriate for the work of the Advisory Committee, including at 
        least one individual with each expertise as follows:
                    (A) Expertise in the prevention of sexual assault 
                and behaviors on the sexual assault continuum of harm.
                    (B) Expertise in adverse behaviors, including the 
                prevention of suicide and the prevention of substance 
                abuse.
                    (C) Expertise in the change of culture of large 
                organizations.
                    (D) Expertise in implementation science.
            (2) Background of individuals.--Individuals appointed to the 
        Advisory Committee may include individuals with expertise in 
        sexual assault prevention efforts of institutions of higher 
        education, public health officials, and such other individuals 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (3) Prohibition on membership of members of armed forces on 
        active duty.--A member of the Armed Forces serving on active 
        duty may not serve as a member of the Advisory Committee.

    (c) Duties.--
            (1) In general.--The Advisory Committee shall advise the 
        Secretary on the following:
                    (A) The prevention of sexual assault (including 
                rape, forcible sodomy, other sexual assault, and other 
                sexual misconduct (including behaviors on the sexual 
                assault continuum of harm)) involving members of the 
                Armed Forces.
                    (B) The policies, programs, and practices of each 
                military department, each Armed Force, and each military 
                service academy for the prevention of sexual assault as 
                described in subparagraph (A).
            (2) <<NOTE: Reviews.>>  Basis for provision of advice.--For 
        purposes of providing advice to the Secretary pursuant to this 
        subsection, the Advisory Committee shall review, on an ongoing 
        basis, the following:
                    (A) Closed cases involving allegations of sexual 
                assault described in paragraph (1).
                    (B) Efforts of institutions of higher education to 
                prevent sexual assault among students.
                    (C) Any other information or matters that the 
                Advisory Committee or the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Coordination of efforts.--In addition to the reviews 
        required by paragraph (2), for purposes of providing advice to 
        the Secretary the Advisory Committee shall also consult and 
        coordinate with the Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
        Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces 
        (DAC-IPAD) on matters of joint interest to the two Advisory 
        Committees.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1382]]

    (d) Annual Report.--Not later than March 30 each year, the Advisory 
Committee shall submit to the Secretary and the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
activities of the Advisory Committee pursuant to this section during the 
preceding year.
    (e) <<NOTE: Definitions.>>  Sexual Assault Continuum of Harm.--In 
this section, the term ``sexual assault continuum of harm'' includes--
            (1) inappropriate actions (such as sexist jokes), sexual 
        harassment, gender discrimination, hazing, cyber bullying, or 
        other behavior that contributes to a culture that is tolerant 
        of, or increases risk for, sexual assault; and
            (2) maltreatment or ostracism of a victim for a report of 
        sexual misconduct.

    (f) Termination.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Advisory Committee shall terminate on the date that is five 
        years after the date of the establishment of the Advisory 
        Committee pursuant to subsection (a).
            (2) Continuation.--The Secretary of Defense may continue the 
        Advisory Committee after the termination date applicable under 
        paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that continuation of 
        the Advisory Committee after that date is advisable and 
        appropriate. <<NOTE: Notification.>>  If the Secretary 
        determines to continue the Advisory Committee after that date, 
        the Secretary shall notify the Committees on the Armed Services 
        of the Senate and House of Representatives.
SEC. 550C. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1044e note.>>  TRAINING FOR SPECIAL 
                          VICTIMS' COUNSEL ON CIVILIAN CRIMINAL 
                          JUSTICE MATTERS IN THE STATES OF THE 
                          MILITARY INSTALLATIONS TO WHICH 
                          ASSIGNED.

    (a) Training.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in subsection (c), upon 
        the assignment of a Special Victims' Counsel (including a Victim 
        Legal Counsel of the Navy) to a military installation in the 
        United States, such Counsel shall be provided appropriate 
        training on the law and policies of the State or States in which 
        such military installation is located with respect to the 
        criminal justice matters specified in paragraph (2). The purpose 
        of the training is to assist such Counsel in providing victims 
        of alleged sex-related offenses with information necessary to 
        make an informed decision regarding preference as to the 
        jurisdiction (whether court-martial or State court) in which 
        such offenses will be prosecuted.
            (2) Criminal justice matters.--The criminal justice matters 
        specified in this paragraph, with respect to a State, are the 
        following:
                    (A) Victim rights.
                    (B) Prosecution of criminal offenses.
                    (C) Sentencing for conviction of criminal offenses.
                    (D) Protective orders.

    (b) Alleged Sex-related Offense Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alleged sex-related offense'' means any allegation of--
            (1) a violation of section 920, 920b, 920c, or 930 of title 
        10, United States Code (article 120, 120b, 120c, or 130 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice); or

[[Page 133 STAT. 1383]]

            (2) an attempt to commit an offense specified in a paragraph 
        (1) as punishable under section 880 of title 10, United States 
        Code (article 80 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

    (c) Exception.--The requirements of this section do not apply to a 
Special Victims' Counsel of the Coast Guard.
SEC. 550D. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note prec.>>  ENHANCING THE 
                          CAPABILITY OF MILITARY CRIMINAL 
                          INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS TO PREVENT 
                          AND COMBAT CHILD SEXUAL EXPLOITATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Beginning not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall establish and carry out an initiative to enhance the 
capability of military criminal investigative organizations to prevent 
and combat child sexual exploitation.

    (b) Activities.--In establishing and carrying out the initiative 
under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may--
            (1) work with internal and external functional experts to 
        train the personnel of military criminal investigative 
        organizations across the Department regarding--
                    (A) technologies, tools, and techniques, including 
                digital forensics, to enhance the investigation of child 
                sexual exploitation; and
                    (B) evidence-based forensic interviewing of child 
                victims, and the referral of child victims for trauma-
                informed mental and medical health care, and other 
                treatment and support services;
            (2) to the extent authorized by law, collaborate with 
        Federal, State, local, and other civilian law enforcement 
        agencies on issues relating to child sexual exploitation, 
        including by--
                    (A) participating in task forces established by such 
                agencies for the purpose of preventing and combating 
                child sexual exploitation;
                    (B) establishing cooperative agreements to 
                facilitate co-training and collaboration with such 
                agencies; and
                    (C) ensuring that streamlined processes for the 
                referral of child sexual exploitation cases to other 
                agencies and jurisdictions, as appropriate, are fully 
                operational;
            (3) as appropriate, assist in educating the military 
        community on the prevention and response to child sexual 
        exploitation; and
            (4) carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
        determines to be relevant.
SEC. 550E. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF DATABASE OF 
                          MILITARY PROTECTIVE ORDERS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
feasibility of establishing a database of military protective orders 
issued by military commanders against individuals suspected of having 
committed an offense of domestic violence under section 928b of title 
10, United States Code (article 128b of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice). The study shall include an examination of each of the 
following:
            (1) The feasibility of creating a database to record, track, 
        and report such military protective orders to the National 
        Instant Criminal Background Check System.
            (2) The feasibility of establishing a process by which a 
        military judge or magistrate may issue a protective order

[[Page 133 STAT. 1384]]

        against an individual suspected of having committed such an 
        offense.
            (3) How the database and process described in paragraphs (1) 
        and (2), respectively, may differ from analogous civilian 
        databases and processes, including with regard to due process 
        and other procedural protections.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the results of the study conducted under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 550F. GAO REVIEW OF USERRA AND SCRA.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than January 31, 2021, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a review and 
submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives regarding what the Comptroller General 
determines are the effects of the common commercial and governmental 
practices of including a mandatory arbitration clause in employment and 
consumer agreements, on the ability of servicemembers to assert claims 
under and secure redress for violations of--
            (1) chapter 43 of title 38, United States Code (commonly 
        referred to as the ``Uniformed Services Employment and 
        Reemployments Rights Act of 1994'' and referred to in this 
        section as ``USERRA''); and
            (2) the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et 
        seq. (referred to in this section as ``SCRA'')).

    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) Each process by which a servicemember may assert a claim 
        under USERRA or SCRA, including--
                    (A) administrative assistance;
                    (B) support, and dispute resolution processes 
                provided by Federal and State agencies;
                    (C) arbitration; and
                    (D) litigation.
            (2) <<NOTE: Evaluations.>>  With regards to each process 
        identified under paragraph (1), an evaluation of--
                    (A) the flexibility the process affords to the 
                servicemember and other parties to the process;
                    (B) the burden on the servicemember and other 
                parties to the process;
                    (C) the financial cost of the process to the 
                servicemember and the other parties;
                    (D) the speed of each process, including the rate at 
                which each claim pursued under such process is resolved;
                    (E) the confidentiality of each process; and
                    (F) the effects of the process.
            (3) <<NOTE: Data.>>  Based on data regarding the results of 
        past actions to enforce servicemember rights and benefits under 
        USERRA and SCRA, including data of the Departments of Defense 
        and Labor regarding dispute resolution under USERRA and data of 
        the Department of Justice regarding litigation under SCRA--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of the extent 
                to which each of the processes identified in paragraph 
                (1) has been employed to address claims under USERRA or 
                SCRA and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1385]]

                    (B) the extent to which each such process achieved a 
                final disposition favorable to the servicemember.
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of general societal 
        trends in the use of mandatory arbitration clauses in employment 
        and consumer agreements, including any trend in a specific 
        industry or employment sector that relies on mandatory 
        arbitration in such contracts and agreements.
            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment and explanation of 
        any effect--
                    (A) of the use of mandatory arbitration clauses in 
                employment or consumer agreements on military readiness 
                and deployability.
                    (B) of USERRA or SCRA on the willingness of 
                employers to employ, and consumer service businesses to 
                provide services to servicemembers and their families.

                      Subtitle F--Member Education

SEC. 551. AUTHORITY FOR DETAIL OF CERTAIN ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES AS STUDENTS AT LAW SCHOOLS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2004 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
                ``commissioned officers'';
                    (B) by striking ``bachelor of laws or''; and
                    (C) by inserting ``and enlisted members'' after 
                ``twenty-five officers'';
            (2) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``or enlisted member'' after ``officer'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  either--
                    ``(A) have served on active duty for a period of not 
                less than two years nor more than six years and be an 
                officer in the pay grade O-3 or below as of the time the 
                training is to begin; or
                    ``(B) have served on active duty for a period of not 
                less than four years nor more than eight years and be an 
                enlisted member in the pay grade E-5, E-6, or E-7 as of 
                the time the training is to begin;'';
                    (C) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1), as amended by 
                subparagraph (B), the following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) in the case of an enlisted member, meet all 
        requirements for acceptance of a commission as a commissioned 
        officer in the armed forces; and''; and
                    (E) in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (3), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (C) of this paragraph, by 
                striking ``or law specialist'';
            (3) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the first sentence, by inserting ``and 
                enlisted members'' after ``Officers''; and
                    (B) in the second sentence, by inserting ``or 
                enlisted member'' after ``officer'' each place it 
                appears;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1386]]

            (4) in subsection (d), by inserting ``and enlistment 
        members'' after ``officers'';
            (5) in subsection (e), by inserting ``or enlistment member'' 
        after ``officer''; and
            (6) in subsection (f), by inserting ``or enlisted member'' 
        after ``officer''.

    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned 
                  officers; certain enlisted members''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 101 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 
        prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        2004 and inserting the following new item:

``2004. Detail as students at law schools; commissioned officers; 
           certain enlisted members.''.

SEC. 552. INCLUSION OF COAST GUARD IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        STARBASE PROGRAM.

    Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``and the Secretary of 
        the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating'' after 
        ``military departments''; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``and the Secretaries of 
        the military departments'' and inserting ``, the Secretaries of 
        the military departments, and the Secretary of the Department in 
        which the Coast Guard is operating''.
SEC. 553. DEGREE GRANTING AUTHORITY FOR UNITED STATES ARMY 
                        ARMAMENT GRADUATE SCHOOL; LIMITATION ON 
                        ESTABLISHMENT OF CERTAIN EDUCATIONAL 
                        INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Degree Granting Authority for United States Army Armament 
Graduate School.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 751 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7422. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7422.>>  Degree granting authority for 
                  United States Army Armament Graduate School

    ``(a) Authority.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
the Army, the Chancellor of the United States Army Armament Graduate 
School may, upon the recommendation of the faculty and provost of the 
school, confer appropriate degrees upon graduates who meet the degree 
requirements.
    ``(b) Limitation.--A degree may not be conferred under this section 
unless--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the Secretary of 
        Education has recommended approval of the degree in accordance 
        with the Federal Policy Governing Granting of Academic Degrees 
        by Federal Agencies; and
            ``(2) the United States Army Armament Graduate School is 
        accredited by the appropriate civilian academic accrediting 
        agency or organization to award the degree, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Education.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1387]]

    ``(c) Congressional Notification Requirements.--(1) When seeking to 
establish degree granting authority under this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Records.>>  a copy of the self-assessment 
        questionnaire required by the Federal Policy Governing Granting 
        of Academic Degrees by Federal Agencies, at the time the 
        assessment is submitted to the Department of Education's 
        National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and 
        Integrity; and
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the subsequent 
        recommendations and rationale of the Secretary of Education 
        regarding the establishment of the degree granting authority.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Reports. Recommenda- tions.>>  Upon any modification 
or redesignation of existing degree granting authority, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report containing the rationale for the 
proposed modification or redesignation and any subsequent recommendation 
of the Secretary of Education on the proposed modification or 
redesignation.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  The Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report containing an explanation of any action by the 
appropriate academic accrediting agency or organization not to accredit 
the United States Army Armament Graduate School to award any new or 
existing degree.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 7401 prec.>>  is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``7422. Degree granting authority for United States Army Armament 
           Graduate School.''.

    (b) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 101 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2017. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2017.>>  Limitation on establishment 
                  of postsecondary educational institutions 
                  pending notice to Congress

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Limitation.--The Secretary of Defense 
may not establish a postsecondary educational institution within the 
Department of Defense until a period of one year has elapsed following 
the date on which the Secretary notifies the congressional defense 
committees of the intent of the Secretary to establish the institution.

    ``(b) Postsecondary Educational Institution Defined.--In this 
section, the term `postsecondary educational institution' means a school 
or other educational institution that is intended to provide students 
with a course of instruction that is comparable, in length and academic 
rigor, to a course of instruction for which an associate's, bachelor's, 
or graduate degree may be awarded.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 prec.>>  is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2017. Limitation on establishment of postsecondary educational 
           institutions pending notice to Congress.''.

            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2017 note.>>  Applicability.--Section 
        2017 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
        shall apply with respect

[[Page 133 STAT. 1388]]

        to postsecondary educational institutions intended to be 
        established by the Secretary of Defense on or after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 554. PROHIBITION ON OFF-DUTY EMPLOYMENT FOR CADETS AND 
                        MIDSHIPMEN COMPLETING OBLIGATED SERVICE 
                        AFTER GRADUATION.

    (a) Military Academy.--Section 7448(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or accept approval for 
off-duty employment while completing the cadet's commissioned service 
obligation'' before ``to obtain employment''.
    (b) Naval Academy.--Section 8459(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or accept approval for off-duty 
employment while completing the midshipman's commissioned service 
obligation'' before ``to obtain employment''.
    (c) Air Force Academy.--Section 9448(a)(5)(A) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting ``or seek or accept approval for 
off-duty employment while completing the cadet's commissioned service 
obligation'' before ``to obtain employment''.
SEC. 555. CONSIDERATION OF REQUEST FOR TRANSFER OF A CADET OR 
                        MIDSHIPMAN AT A MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMY 
                        WHO IS THE VICTIM OF A SEXUAL ASSAULT OR 
                        RELATED OFFENSE.

    (a) United States Military Academy.--Section 7461 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Cadet Who Is the 
Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary of the 
Army shall provide for timely consideration of and action on a request 
submitted by a cadet appointed to the United States Military Academy who 
is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense covered by 
section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120c, or 130 of 
the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for transfer to another military 
service academy or to enroll in a Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
Corps program affiliated with another institution of higher education.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Regulations. Guidelines.>>  The Secretary of the Army 
shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection, within 
guidelines provided by the Secretary of Defense that--
            ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
        Military Academy shall ensure that any cadet who has been 
        appointed to the United States Military Academy and who is a 
        victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense referred to 
        in paragraph (1), is informed of the right to request a transfer 
        pursuant to this section, and that any formal request submitted 
        by a cadet is processed as expeditiously as practicable through 
        the chain of command for review and action by the 
        Superintendent;
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  direct the Superintendent of 
        the United States Military Academy, in coordination with the 
        Superintendent of the military service academy to which the 
        cadet requests to transfer--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  to take action on a 
                request for transfer under this subsection not later 
                than 72 hours after receiving the formal request from 
                the cadet;
                    ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless 
                there are exceptional circumstances that require denial 
                of the request; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1389]]

                    ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
                necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the 
                transfer of the cadet to the military service academy 
                concerned as expeditiously as possible; and
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  direct the Superintendent of 
        the United States Military Academy, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of the military department that sponsors the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps program at the institution of 
        higher education to which the cadet requests to transfer--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  to take action on a 
                request for transfer under this subsection not later 
                than 72 hours after receiving the formal request from 
                the cadet;
                    ``(ii) subject to the cadet's acceptance for 
                admission to the institution of higher education to 
                which the cadet wishes to transfer, to approve such 
                request for transfer unless there are exceptional 
                circumstances that require denial of the application; 
                and
                    ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action 
                to effectuate the cadet's enrollment in the institution 
                of higher education to which the cadet wishes to 
                transfer and to process the cadet for participation in 
                the relevant Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                program as expeditiously as possible.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  If the Superintendent of the United 
States Military Academy denies a request for transfer under this 
subsection, the cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary 
of the Army, who shall take action on such request not later than 72 
hours after receipt of the formal request for review.

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Records. Confidential information.>>  The Secretary 
concerned shall ensure that all records of any request, determination, 
transfer, or other action under this subsection remain confidential, 
consistent with applicable law and regulation.

    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the United States Military Academy or may be 
appointed to the military service academy to which the cadet transfers 
without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 
7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    (b) United States Naval Academy.--Section 8480 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Midshipman Who Is 
the Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary of 
the Navy shall provide for timely consideration of and action on a 
request submitted by a midshipman appointed to the United States Naval 
Academy who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
covered by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120c, 
or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for transfer to another 
military service academy or to enroll in a Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program affiliated with another institution of higher 
education.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Regulations. Guidelines.>>  The Secretary of the Navy 
shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection, within 
guidelines provided by the Secretary of Defense that--
            ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
        Naval Academy shall ensure that any midshipman who has been 
        appointed to the United States Naval Academy and who

[[Page 133 STAT. 1390]]

        is a victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
        referred to in paragraph (1), is informed of the right to 
        request a transfer pursuant to this section, and that any formal 
        request submitted by a midshipman is processed as expeditiously 
        as practicable through the chain of command for review and 
        action by the Superintendent;
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  direct the Superintendent of 
        the United States Naval Academy, in coordination with the 
        Superintendent of the military service academy to which the 
        midshipman requests to transfer--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  to take action on a 
                request for transfer under this subsection not later 
                than 72 hours after receiving the formal request from 
                the midshipman;
                    ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless 
                there are exceptional circumstances that require denial 
                of the request; and
                    ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
                necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the 
                transfer of the midshipman to the military service 
                academy concerned as expeditiously as possible; and
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  direct the Superintendent of 
        the United States Naval Academy, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of the military department that sponsors the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps program at the institution of 
        higher education to which the midshipman requests to transfer--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  to take action on a 
                request for transfer under this subsection not later 
                than 72 hours after receiving the formal request from 
                the midshipman;
                    ``(ii) subject to the midshipman's acceptance for 
                admission to the institution of higher education to 
                which the midshipman wishes to transfer, to approve such 
                request for transfer unless there are exceptional 
                circumstances that require denial of the application; 
                and
                    ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action 
                to effectuate the midshipman's enrollment in the 
                institution of higher education to which the midshipman 
                wishes to transfer and to process the midshipman for 
                participation in the relevant Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps program as expeditiously as possible.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  If the Superintendent of the United 
States Naval Academy denies a request for transfer under this 
subsection, the midshipman may request review of the denial by the 
Secretary of the Navy, who shall take action on such request not later 
than 72 hours after receipt of the formal request for review.

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Records. Confidential information.>>  The Secretary 
concerned shall ensure that all records of any request, determination, 
transfer, or other action under this subsection remain confidential, 
consistent with applicable law and regulation.

    ``(5) A midshipman who transfers under this subsection may retain 
the midshipman's appointment to the United States Naval Academy or may 
be appointed to the military service academy to which the midshipman 
transfers without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth 
in sections 7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
    (c) United States Air Force Academy.--Section 9461 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1391]]

    ``(e) Consideration of Request for Transfer of a Cadet Who Is the 
Victim of a Sexual Assault or Related Offense.--(1) The Secretary of the 
Air Force shall provide for timely consideration of and action on a 
request submitted by a cadet appointed to the United States Air Force 
Academy who is the victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense 
covered by section 920, 920c, or 930 of this title (article 120, 120c, 
or 130 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice) for transfer to another 
military service academy or to enroll in a Senior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps program affiliated with another institution of higher 
education.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Regulations. Guidelines.>>  The Secretary of the Air 
Force shall prescribe regulations to carry out this subsection, within 
guidelines provided by the Secretary of Defense that--
            ``(A) provide that the Superintendent of the United States 
        Air Force Academy shall ensure that any cadet who has been 
        appointed to the United States Air Force Academy and who is a 
        victim of an alleged sexual assault or other offense referred to 
        in paragraph (1), is informed of the right to request a transfer 
        pursuant to this section, and that any formal request submitted 
        by a cadet is processed as expeditiously as practicable through 
        the chain of command for review and action by the 
        Superintendent;
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  direct the Superintendent of 
        the United States Air Force Academy, in coordination with the 
        Superintendent of the military service academy to which the 
        cadet requests to transfer--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  to take action on a 
                request for transfer under this subsection not later 
                than 72 hours after receiving the formal request from 
                the cadet;
                    ``(ii) to approve such request for transfer unless 
                there are exceptional circumstances that require denial 
                of the request; and
                    ``(iii) upon approval of such request, to take all 
                necessary and appropriate action to effectuate the 
                transfer of the cadet to the military service academy 
                concerned as expeditiously as possible; and
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  direct the Superintendent of 
        the United States Air Force Academy, in coordination with the 
        Secretary of the military department that sponsors the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps program at the institution of 
        higher education to which the cadet requests to transfer--
                    ``(i) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  to take action on a 
                request for transfer under this subsection not later 
                than 72 hours after receiving the formal request from 
                the cadet;
                    ``(ii) subject to the cadet's acceptance for 
                admission to the institution of higher education to 
                which the cadet wishes to transfer, to approve such 
                request for transfer unless there are exceptional 
                circumstances that require denial of the application; 
                and
                    ``(iii) to take all necessary and appropriate action 
                to effectuate the cadet's enrollment in the institution 
                of higher education to which the cadet wishes to 
                transfer and to process the cadet for participation in 
                the relevant Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                program as expeditiously as possible.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  If the Superintendent of the United 
States Air Force Academy denies a request for transfer under this 
subsection, the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1392]]

cadet may request review of the denial by the Secretary of the Air 
Force, who shall take action on such request not later than 72 hours 
after receipt of the formal request for review.

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Records. Confidential information.>>  The Secretary 
concerned shall ensure that all records of any request, determination, 
transfer, or other action under this subsection remain confidential, 
consistent with applicable law and regulation.

    ``(5) A cadet who transfers under this subsection may retain the 
cadet's appointment to the United States Air Force Academy or may be 
appointed to the military service academy to which the cadet transfers 
without regard to the limitations and requirements set forth in sections 
7442, 8454, and 9442 of this title.''.
SEC. 556. REDESIGNATION OF THE COMMANDANT OF THE UNITED STATES AIR 
                        FORCE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AS THE 
                        DIRECTOR AND CHANCELLOR OF SUCH INSTITUTE.

    (a) Redesignation.--Section 9414b(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Commandant'' 
        and inserting ``Director and Chancellor'';
            (2) by striking ``Commandant'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Director and Chancellor''; and
            (3) in the heading of paragraph (3), by striking 
        ``Commandant'' and inserting ``Director and Chancellor''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Section 9414(f) of such title is amended 
by striking ``Commandant'' both places it appears and inserting 
``Director and Chancellor''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 9414b note.>>  References.--Any reference in any 
law, regulation, map, document, paper, or other record of the United 
States to the Commandant of the United States Air Force Institute of 
Technology shall be deemed to be a reference to the Director and 
Chancellor of the United States Air Force Institute of Technology.
SEC. 557. ELIGIBILITY OF ADDITIONAL ENLISTED MEMBERS FOR ASSOCIATE 
                        DEGREE PROGRAMS OF THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE 
                        OF THE AIR FORCE.

    Section 9415(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Enlisted members of the armed forces other than the 
        Air Force who are participating in Community College of the Air 
        Force affiliated joint-service training and education 
        courses.''.
SEC. 558. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7431 note.>>  SPEECH DISORDERS OF CADETS 
                        AND MIDSHIPMEN.

    (a) Testing.--The Superintendent of a military service academy shall 
provide testing for speech disorders to incoming cadets or midshipmen 
under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent.
    (b) No Effect on Admission.--The testing under subsection (a) may 
not have any effect on admission to a military service academy.
    (c) Results.--The Superintendent shall provide each cadet or 
midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent the result of 
the testing under subsection (a) and a list of warfare unrestricted line 
officer positions and occupation specialities that require successful 
performance on the speech test.
    (d) Therapy.--The Superintendent shall furnish speech therapy to a 
cadet or midshipman under the jurisdiction of that Superintendent at the 
election of the cadet or midshipman.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1393]]

    (e) <<NOTE: Lists.>>  Report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of the military 
departments shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a joint report that includes the 
following:
            (1) The number of cadets or midshipmen with an identified 
        speech disorder in each military service academy.
            (2) A list of the health care and administrative resources 
        related to speech disorders available to cadets and midshipmen 
        described in paragraph (1).
            (3) A list of positions and specialties described in 
        subsection (c) pursued by the cadets and midshipmen described in 
        paragraph (1) at the time of graduation.
SEC. 559. REQUIREMENT TO CONTINUE PROVISION OF TUITION ASSISTANCE 
                        FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    The Secretary of each military department shall carry out tuition 
assistance programs for members of an Armed Force under the jurisdiction 
of that Secretary during fiscal year 2020 using an amount not less than 
the sum of any amounts appropriated for tuition assistance for members 
of that Armed Force for fiscal year 2020.
SEC. 560. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2007 note.>>  INFORMATION ON INSTITUTIONS 
                        OF HIGHER EDUCATION PARTICIPATING IN THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TUITION ASSISTANCE 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  List of 
Participating Institutions.--The Secretary of Defense shall make 
available, on a publicly accessible website of the Department of 
Defense, a list that identifies--
            (1) each institution of higher education that receives funds 
        under the Department of Defense Tuition Assistance Program; and
            (2) the amount of such funds received by the institution.

    (b) Annual Updates.--The Secretary of Defense shall update the list 
described in subsection (a) not less frequently than once annually.
SEC. 560A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 992 note.>>  INCLUSION OF INFORMATION ON 
                          FREE CREDIT MONITORING IN ANNUAL 
                          FINANCIAL LITERACY BRIEFING.

    The Secretary of each military department shall ensure that the 
annual financial literacy education briefing provided to members of the 
Armed Forces includes information on the availability of free credit 
monitoring services pursuant to section 605A(k) of the Fair Credit 
Reporting Act (15 U.S.C. 1681c-1(k)).
SEC. 560B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2015 note.>>  PROGRAMS TO FACILITATE THE 
                          AWARD OF PRIVATE PILOT'S CERTIFICATES.

    (a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military department 
may carry out a program under which qualified participants may obtain a 
private pilot's certificate through an institution of higher education 
with an accredited aviation program that is approved by such Secretary 
pursuant to subsection (c).
    (b) Participant Qualifications and Types of Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--In carrying out a program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of a military department shall prescribe--
                    (A) the standards to be met for participation in the 
                program; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1394]]

                    (B) the types of assistance, if any, to be provided 
                to individuals who participate in the program.
            (2) Uniformity across military departments.--To the extent 
        practicable, the standards and types of assistance prescribed 
        under paragraph (1) shall be uniform across the military 
        departments.

    (c) Approved Institutions of Higher Education.--
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  In general.--In carrying out a program 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary of a military department 
        shall maintain a list of institutions of higher education (as 
        that term is defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
        of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001)) through which an individual 
        participating in the program may obtain a private pilot's 
        certificate.
            (2) Qualifications and standards.--Any institution of higher 
        education included on a list under paragraph (1), and any course 
        of instruction toward obtaining a private pilot's certificate 
        offered by such institution, shall meet such qualifications and 
        standards as the Secretary shall prescribe for purposes of the 
        program. <<NOTE: Requirement.>>  Such qualifications and 
        standards shall include a requirement that any institution 
        included on the list award, to individual participating in the 
        program, academic credit at such institution for any portion of 
        course work completed on the ground school course of instruction 
        of such institution in connection with obtaining a private 
        pilot's certificate, regardless of whether the participant fully 
        completed the ground school course of instruction.

    (d) Annual Reports on Programs.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 28, 2021, and each 
        year thereafter, each Secretary of a military department shall 
        submit to Congress a report on the program, if any, carried out 
        by such Secretary under subsection (a) during the preceding 
        calendar year.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, for the program and year covered by such report, the 
        following:
                    (A) The total number of participants in the program.
                    (B) The number of private pilot's certificates 
                awarded to participants in the program.
                    (C) The number of participants in the program who 
                fully completed a ground school course of instruction in 
                connection with obtaining a private pilot's certificate.

               Subtitle G--Member Training and Transition

SEC. 561. REQUIREMENT TO PROVIDE INFORMATION REGARDING BENEFITS 
                        CLAIMS TO MEMBERS DURING TAP COUNSELING.

    Section 1142(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(19) Information regarding how to file claims for benefits 
        available to the member under laws administered by the 
        Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1395]]

SEC. 562. PARTICIPATION OF OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES IN THE 
                        SKILLBRIDGE APPRENTICESHIP AND INTERNSHIP 
                        PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):

    ``(3) Any program under this subsection may be carried out at, 
through, or in consultation with such other departments or agencies of 
the Federal Government as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned considers appropriate.''.
SEC. 563. <<NOTE: Evaluations.>>  FIRST MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS 
                        OF REPORT ON THE IMPROVED TRANSITION 
                        ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 132 
Stat. 1772.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
                effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program for 
                all members of the Armed Forces.
                    ``(F) The evaluation of the Secretary regarding the 
                effectiveness of the Transition Assistance Program 
                specifically for female members of the Armed Forces.''.
SEC. 564. SECOND MODIFICATION OF ELEMENTS OF REPORT ON THE 
                        IMPROVED TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 552(b)(4) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), as amended 
by section 563 of this Act, is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (A) through (F) as 
        subparagraphs (B) through (G), respectively;
            (2) by inserting before subparagraph (B), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1), the following new subparagraph (A):
                    ``(A) The total number of members eligible to attend 
                Transition Assistance Program counseling.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(H) The number of members who participated in 
                programs under section 1143(e) of title 10, United 
                States Code (commonly referred to as `Job Training, 
                Employment Skills, Apprenticeships and Internships 
                (JTEST-AI)' or `Skill Bridge').
                    ``(I) Such other information as is required to 
                provide Congress with a comprehensive description of the 
                participation of the members in the Transition 
                Assistance Program and programs described in 
                subparagraph (H).''.
SEC. 565. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8431 note prec.>>  PROHIBITION ON GENDER-
                        SEGREGATED TRAINING AT MARINE CORPS 
                        RECRUIT DEPOTS.

    (a) Parris Island.--
            (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
        Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, may 
        not be segregated based on gender.
            (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
        carry out this subsection not later than five years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) San Diego.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1396]]

            (1) Prohibition.--Subject to paragraph (2), training at the 
        Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diego, California, may not be 
        segregated based on gender.
            (2) Deadline.--The Commandant of the Marine Corps shall 
        carry out this subsection not later than eight years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 566. ASSESSMENT OF DEATHS OF RECRUITS UNDER THE JURISDICTION 
                        OF THE SECRETARIES OF THE MILITARY 
                        DEPARTMENTS.

    (a) Assessment.--The Inspector General of the Department of Defense 
shall conduct an assessment of the deaths of recruits at facilities 
under the jurisdiction of the Secretaries of the military departments, 
and the effectiveness of the current medical protocols on the training 
bases.
    (b) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Inspector 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representative a report containing the results of the 
assessment conducted under subsection (a). The report shall include the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The number of recruits who died 
        during basic training in the five years preceding the date of 
        the report.
            (2) The causes of deaths described in paragraph (1).
            (3) The types of medical treatment that was provided to 
        recruits described in paragraph (1).
            (4) Whether any of the deaths identified under paragraph (1) 
        were found to be a result of medical negligence.
            (5) A description of medical capabilities and personnel 
        available to the recruits at each facility.
            (6) A description of medical resources accessible to the 
        recruits at the company level at each facility.
            (7) A description of 24-hour medical resources available to 
        recruits at each facility.
            (8) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of the guidelines 
        and resources in place to monitor sick recruits.
            (9) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of how supervisors 
        evaluate and determine whether a sick recruit should continue 
        training or further seek medical assistance.
            (10) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of how the 
        Secretaries of the military departments can increase visibility 
        of the comprehensive medical status of a sick recruit to 
        instructors and supervisors in order to provide better 
        situational awareness of the such medical status.
            (11) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of how to improve 
        medical care for recruits.
SEC. 567. REVIEW OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRAINING PROGRAMS 
                        REGARDING DISINFORMATION CAMPAIGNS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Review.--Not later than 120 days after the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a review 
of existing programs, tools, and resources of the Department of Defense 
for training members of the Armed Forces and employees of the Department 
regarding the threat of disinformation campaigns specifically targeted 
at such individuals and the families of such individuals.

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 270 days after the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit a report

[[Page 133 STAT. 1397]]

to the congressional defense committees regarding the programs, tools, 
and resources identified under subsection (a).
SEC. 568. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1144 note.>>  COMMAND MATTERS IN 
                        CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION ASSISTANCE 
                        PROGRAMS.

    The training provided a commander of a military installation in 
connection with the commencement of assignment to the installation shall 
include a module on the covered transition assistance programs available 
for members of the Armed Forces assigned to the installation.
SEC. 569. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1168 note.>>  MACHINE READABILITY AND 
                        ELECTRONIC TRANSFERABILITY OF CERTIFICATE 
                        OF RELEASE OR DISCHARGE FROM ACTIVE DUTY 
                        (DD FORM 214).

    (a) Modification Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify 
the Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty (DD Form 214) 
to--
            (1) be machine readable and electronically transferable; and
            (2) include a specific block explicitly identified as the 
        location in which a member of the Armed Forces may provide one 
        or more email addresses by which the member may be contacted 
        after discharge or release from active duty.

    (b) Deadline for Modification.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
release a revised Certificate of Release or Discharge from Active Duty 
(DD Form 214), modified pursuant to subsection (a), not later than four 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Report.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit a report to Congress regarding the following:
            (1) What systems of the Department of Defense require an 
        individual to manually enter information from DD Form 214.
            (2) What activities of the Department of Defense require a 
        veteran or former member of the Armed Forces to provide a 
        physical copy of DD Form 214.
            (3) The order of priority for modernizing items identified 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) as determined by the Secretary.
            (4) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  The estimated cost, as 
        determined by the Secretary, to automate items identified under 
        paragraphs (1) and (2).
SEC. 570. <<NOTE: 10 USC 10204 note. Deadline.>>  RECORDS OF 
                        SERVICE FOR RESERVES.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary 
of Defense shall establish and implement a standard record of service 
for members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces, similar to DD 
Form 214, that summarizes the record of service of each such member, 
including dates of active duty service.
    (b) Coordination.--In carrying out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense shall coordinate with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to 
ensure that the record established under this section is acceptable as 
proof of service for former members of the reserve components of the 
Armed Forces who are eligible for benefits under laws administered by 
the Secretary of Veterans Affairs to receive such benefits.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1398]]

SEC. 570A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1161 note prec.>>  LIMITATIONS AND 
                          REQUIREMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                          SEPARATIONS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                          FORCES WHO SUFFER FROM MENTAL HEALTH 
                          CONDITIONS IN CONNECTION WITH A SEX-
                          RELATED, INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE-
                          RELATED, OR SPOUSAL-ABUSE OFFENSE.

    (a) Confirmation of Diagnosis of Condition Required Before 
Separation.--Before a member of the Armed Forces who was the victim of a 
sex-related offense, an intimate partner violence-related offense, or a 
spousal-abuse offense during service in the Armed Forces (whether or not 
such offense was committed by another member of the Armed Forces), and 
who has a mental health condition not amounting to a physical 
disability, is separated, discharged, or released from the Armed Forces 
based solely on such condition, the diagnosis of such condition must 
be--
            (1) corroborated by a competent mental health care 
        professional at the peer level or a higher level of the health 
        care professional making the diagnosis; and
            (2) endorsed by the Surgeon General of the military 
        department concerned.

    (b) Narrative Reason for Separation if Mental Health Condition 
Present.--If the narrative reason for separation, discharge, or release 
from the Armed Forces of a member of the Armed Forces is a mental health 
condition that is not a disability, the appropriate narrative reason for 
the separation, discharge, or release shall be a condition, not a 
disability, or Secretarial authority.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``intimate partner violence-related offense'' 
        means the following:
                    (A) An offense under section 928 or 930 of title 10, 
                United States Code (article 128 or 130 of the Uniform 
                Code of Military Justice).
                    (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical 
                or substantially similar to an offense described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (2) The term ``sex-related offense'' means the following:
                    (A) An offense under section 920 or 920b of title 
                10, United States Code (article 120 or 120b of the 
                Uniform Code of Military Justice).
                    (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical 
                or substantially similar to an offense described in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) The term ``spousal-abuse offense'' means the following:
                    (A) An offense under section 928 of title 10, United 
                States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military 
                Justice).
                    (B) An offense under State law for conduct identical 
                or substantially similar to an offense described in 
                subparagraph (A).

    (d) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to 
separations, discharges, and releases from the Armed Forces that occur 
on or after that effective date.
SEC. 570B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1161 note prec.>>  PROHIBITION ON 
                          INVOLUNTARY SEPARATION OF CERTAIN 
                          MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES; 
                          CONSIDERATION OF MILITARY SERVICE IN 
                          REMOVAL DETERMINATIONS.

    (a) Prohibition on Involuntary Separation.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1399]]

            (1) In general.--No member of the Armed Forces may be 
        involuntarily separated from the Armed Forces solely because 
        that member is a covered member.
            (2) Covered member defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``covered member'' means a member of the Armed Forces who--
                    (A) possesses a current and valid employment 
                authorization document that was issued pursuant to the 
                memorandum of the Secretary of Homeland Security dated 
                June 15, 2012, and entitled ``Exercising Prosecutorial 
                Discretion with Respect to Individuals who Came to the 
                United States as Children''; or
                    (B) is currently in a temporary protected status 
                under section 244 of the Immigration and Nationality Act 
                (8 U.S.C. 1254a).

    (b) <<NOTE: 8 USC 1229 note.>>  Consideration of Military Service in 
Removal Determinations.--
            (1) In general.--With regards to an individual, an 
        immigration officer shall take into consideration evidence of 
        military service by that individual in determining whether--
                    (A) to issue to that individual a notice to appear 
                in removal proceedings, an administrative order of 
                removal, or a reinstatement of a final removal order; 
                and
                    (B) to execute a final order of removal regarding 
                that individual.
            (2) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``evidence of service'' means evidence 
                that an individual served as a member of the Armed 
                Forces, and the characterization of each period of 
                service of that individual in the Armed Forces.
                    (B) The term ``immigration officer'' has the meaning 
                given that term in section 101 of the Immigration and 
                Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101 et seq.).
SEC. 570C. <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 1142 note.>>  INCLUSION OF 
                          QUESTION REGARDING IMMIGRATION STATUS ON 
                          PRESEPARATION COUNSELING CHECKLIST (DD 
                          FORM 2648).

    Not later than September 30, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
modify the preseparation counseling checklist for active component, 
active guard reserve, active reserve, full time support, and reserve 
program administrator service members (DD Form 2648) to include a 
specific block wherein a member of the Armed Forces may indicate that 
the member would like to receive information regarding the immigration 
status of that member and expedited naturalization.
SEC. 570D. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781 note.>>  COUNSELING FOR MEMBERS OF 
                          THE ARMED FORCES WHO ARE NOT CITIZENS OF 
                          THE UNITED STATES ON NATURALIZATION IN 
                          THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary concerned shall furnish to covered 
individuals under the jurisdiction of that Secretary counseling 
regarding how to apply for naturalization in the United States.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered individual'' means a member of the 
        Armed Forces who is not a citizen of the United States.
            (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United States Code.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1400]]

SEC. 570E. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                          INFORMATION SHARING BETWEEN DEPARTMENT 
                          OF DEFENSE AND DESIGNATED RELATIVES AND 
                          FRIENDS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES 
                          REGARDING THE EXPERIENCES AND CHALLENGES 
                          OF MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall seek to enter into an agreement with the 
        American Red Cross to carry out a pilot program under which the 
        American Red Cross--
                    (A) encourages a member of the Armed Forces, upon 
                the enlistment or appointment of such member, to 
                designate up to 10 persons to whom information regarding 
                the military service of such member shall be 
                disseminated using contact information obtained under 
                paragraph (6); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  provides such persons, 
                within 30 days after the date on which such persons are 
                designated under subparagraph (A), the option to elect 
                to receive such information regarding military service.
            (2) Dissemination.--The Secretary shall disseminate 
        information described in paragraph (1)(A) under the pilot 
        program on a regular basis.
            (3) Types of information.--The types of information to be 
        disseminated under the pilot program to persons who elect to 
        receive such information shall include information regarding--
                    (A) aspects of daily life and routine experienced by 
                members of the Armed Forces;
                    (B) the challenges and stresses of military service, 
                particularly during and after deployment as part of a 
                contingency operation;
                    (C) the services available to members of the Armed 
                Forces and the dependents of such members to cope with 
                the experiences and challenges of military service;
                    (D) benefits administered by the Department of 
                Defense for members of the Armed Forces and the 
                dependents of such members;
                    (E) a toll-free telephone number through which such 
                persons who elect to receive information under the pilot 
                program may request information regarding the program; 
                and
                    (F) such other information as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.
            (4) Privacy of information.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program, the Secretary may not disseminate information under 
        paragraph (3) in violation of laws and regulations pertaining to 
        the privacy of members of the Armed Forces, including 
        requirements pursuant to--
                    (A) section 552a of title 5, United States Code; and
                    (B) the Health Insurance Portability and 
                Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 104-191).
            (5) Notice and modifications.--In carrying out the pilot 
        program, the Secretary shall, with respect to a member of the 
        Armed Forces--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1401]]

                    (A) ensure that such member is notified of the 
                ability to modify designations made by such member under 
                paragraph (1)(A); and
                    (B) upon the request of a member, authorize such 
                member to modify such designations at any time.
            (6) Contact information.--In making a designation under the 
        pilot program, a member of the Armed Forces shall provide 
        necessary contact information, specifically including an email 
        address, to facilitate the dissemination of information 
        regarding the military service of the member.
            (7) Opt-in and opt-out of program.--
                    (A) Opt-in by members.--A member may participate in 
                the pilot program only if the member voluntarily elects 
                to participate in the program. A member seeking to make 
                such an election shall make such election in a manner, 
                and by including such information, as the Secretary and 
                the Red Cross shall jointly specify for purposes of the 
                pilot program.
                    (B) Opt-in by designated recipients.--A person 
                designated pursuant to paragraph (1)(A) may receive 
                information under the pilot program only if the person 
                makes the election described in paragraph (1)(B).
                    (C) Opt-out.--In carrying out the pilot program, the 
                Secretary shall, with respect to a person who has 
                elected to receive information under such pilot program, 
                cease disseminating such information to that person upon 
                request of such person.

    (b) Survey and Report on Pilot Program.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  Survey.--Not later 
        than two years after the date on which the pilot program 
        commences, the Secretary, in consultation with the American Red 
        Cross, shall administer a survey to persons who elected to 
        receive information under the pilot program for the purpose of 
        receiving feedback regarding the quality of information 
        disseminated under this section, including whether such 
        information appropriately reflects the military career 
        progression of members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Report.--Not later than three years after the date on 
        which the pilot program commences, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a final report on the pilot 
        program which includes--
                    (A) the results of the survey administered under 
                paragraph (1);
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  a determination as to 
                whether the pilot program should be made permanent; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations as 
                to modifications necessary to improve the program if 
                made permanent.

    (c) Termination of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall terminate 
upon submission of the report required by subsection (b)(2).
SEC. 570F. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1142 note.>>  CONNECTIONS OF MEMBERS 
                          RETIRING OR SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
                          FORCES WITH COMMUNITY-BASED 
                          ORGANIZATIONS AND RELATED ENTITIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Memorandums.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense 
and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly seek to enter into 
memoranda of understanding or other agreements with State veterans 
agencies under which information from Department of Defense Form DD-

[[Page 133 STAT. 1402]]

2648 on individuals undergoing retirement, discharge, or release from 
the Armed Forces is transmitted to one or more State veterans agencies, 
as elected by such individuals, to provide or connect veterans to 
benefits or services as follows:
            (1) Assistance in preparation of resumes.
            (2) Training for employment interviews.
            (3) Employment recruitment training.
            (4) Other services leading directly to a successful 
        transition from military life to civilian life.
            (5) Healthcare, including care for mental health.
            (6) Transportation or transportation-related services.
            (7) Housing.
            (8) Such other benefits or services as the Secretaries 
        jointly consider appropriate for purposes of this section.

    (b) Information Transmitted.--The information transmitted on 
individuals as described in subsection (a) shall be such information on 
Form DD-2648 as the Secretaries jointly consider appropriate to 
facilitate community-based organizations and related entities in 
providing or connecting such individuals to benefits and services as 
described in subsection (a).
    (c) Modification of Form DD-2648.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
make such modifications to Form DD-2648 as the Secretary considers 
appropriate to allow an individual filling out the form to indicate an 
email address at which the individual may be contacted to receive or be 
connected to benefits or services described in subsection (a).
    (d) Voluntary Participation.--Information on an individual may be 
transmitted to and through a State veterans agency as described in 
subsection (a) only with the consent of the individual. In giving such 
consent, an individual shall specify the following:
            (1) The State veterans agency or agencies elected by the 
        individual to transmit such information as described in 
        subsection (a).
            (2) The benefits and services for which contact information 
        shall be so transmitted.
            (3) Such other information on the individual as the 
        individual considers appropriate in connection with the 
        transmittal.
SEC. 570G. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1144 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM REGARDING 
                          ONLINE APPLICATION FOR THE TRANSITION 
                          ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, and the Secretary of Labor may jointly carry out a 
pilot program that creates a one-stop source for online applications for 
the purposes of assisting members of the Armed Forces and Veterans 
participating in the Transition Assistance Program (in this section 
referred to as ``TAP'').
    (b) Data Sources.--If the Secretaries carry out the pilot program, 
any online application developed under such program shall, in part, 
aggregate existing data from government resources and the private sector 
under one uniform resource locator for the purpose of assisting members 
of the Armed Forces and veterans participating in TAP.
    (c) Availability; Accessibility.--Any online application developed 
under a pilot program shall, to the extent feasible be--
            (1) widely available as a mobile application; and
            (2) easily accessible by veterans, members of the Armed 
        Forces, and employers.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1403]]

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Assessments.--
            (1) Interim assessments.--Not later than the dates that are 
        one and two years after the date of the commencement of any 
        pilot program under this section, the Secretaries shall jointly 
        assess the pilot program.
            (2) Final assessment.--Not later than the date that is three 
        years after the date of the commencement of any pilot program 
        under this section, the Secretaries shall jointly carry out a 
        final assessment of the pilot program.
            (3) Purpose.--The general objective of each assessment under 
        this subsection shall be to determine if the online application 
        under the pilot program helps participants in TAP to accomplish 
        the goals of TAP, accounting for the individual profiles of 
        participants, including military experience and geographic 
        location.

    (e) Briefing.--If the Secretaries carry out the pilot program, the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on findings 
regarding the pilot program, including any recommendations for 
legislation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``mobile application'' means a software program 
        that runs on the operating system of a mobile device.
            (2) The term ``mobile device'' means a smartphone, tablet 
        computer, or similar portable computing device that transmits 
        data over a wireless connection.

     Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

SEC. 571. AUTHORIZING MEMBERS TO TAKE LEAVE FOR A BIRTH OR 
                        ADOPTION IN MORE THAN ONE INCREMENT.

    Paragraph (5) of section 701(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``only in one increment'' and inserting ``in 
        more than one increment''; and
            (2) by inserting ``in accordance with regulations prescribed 
        by the Secretary concerned'' before the period.
SEC. 572. DEFERRED DEPLOYMENT FOR MEMBERS WHO GIVE BIRTH.

    Section 701 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following new subsection:
    ``(l) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A member of the armed forces who gives 
birth while on active duty may be deployed during the period of 12 
months beginning on the date of such birth only with the approval of a 
health care provider employed at a military medical treatment facility 
and--
            ``(1) at the election of such member; or
            ``(2) in the interest of national security, as determined by 
        the Secretary of Defense.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1404]]

SEC. 573. AUTHORITY OF THE SECRETARY CONCERNED TO TRANSPORT 
                        REMAINS OF A COVERED DECEDENT TO NO MORE 
                        THAN TWO PLACES SELECTED BY THE PERSON 
                        DESIGNATED TO DIRECT DISPOSITION OF THE 
                        REMAINS.

    (a) Authority.--Section 1482(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended to read as follows:
            ``(8)(A) Transportation of the remains, and travel and 
        transportation allowances as specified in regulations prescribed 
        under section 464 of title 37 for an escort of one person, to 
        the place, subject to subparagraph (B), selected by the person 
        designated to direct disposition of the remains or, if such a 
        selection is not made, to a national or other cemetery which is 
        selected by the Secretary and in which burial of the decedent is 
        authorized.
            ``(B) The person designated to direct disposition of the 
        remains may select two places under subparagraph (A) if the 
        second place is a national cemetery. If that person selects two 
        places, the Secretary concerned may pay for transportation to 
        the second place only by means of reimbursement under subsection 
        (b).
            ``(C) When transportation of the remains includes 
        transportation by aircraft under section 562 of the John Warner 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public 
        Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 1482 note), the Secretary concerned shall 
        provide, to the maximum extent practicable, for delivery of the 
        remains by air to the commercial, general aviation, or military 
        airport nearest to the place selected by the designee.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1482 note.>>  Military Escort and Honor Guard 
Only to First Location.--Section 562(b) of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 1482 note) is amended by adding at the end the following: ``If 
the person designated to direct disposition of the remains selects two 
places under such section, the term means only the first of those two 
places.''.
SEC. 574. MILITARY FUNERAL HONORS MATTERS.

    (a) Full Military Honors Ceremony for Certain Veterans.--Section 
1491(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following:
    ``(3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary concerned shall 
provide full military honors (as determined by the Secretary concerned) 
for the funeral of a veteran who--
            ``(A) is first interred or first inurned in Arlington 
        National Cemetery on or after the date of the enactment of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020;
            ``(B) was awarded the medal of honor or the prisoner-of-war 
        medal; and
            ``(C) is not entitled to full military honors by the grade 
        of that veteran.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1491 note.>>  Full Military Funeral Honors for 
Veterans at Military Installations.--
            (1) Installation plans for honors required.--The commander 
        of each military installation at or through which a funeral 
        honors detail for a veteran is provided pursuant to section 1491 
        of title 10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), 
        shall maintain and carry out a plan for the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1405]]

        provision, upon request, of full military funeral honors at 
        funerals of veterans for whom a funeral honors detail is 
        authorized in that section.
            (2) Elements.--Each plan of an installation under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the 
                requirements applicable to the composition of funeral 
                honors details in section 1491(b) of title 10, United 
                States Code (as so amended).
                    (B) Mechanisms to ensure compliance with the 
                requirements for ceremonies for funerals in section 
                1491(c) of such title.
                    (C) In addition to the ceremonies required pursuant 
                to subparagraph (B), the provision of a gun salute, if 
                otherwise authorized, for each funeral by appropriate 
                personnel, including personnel of the installation, 
                members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces 
                residing in the vicinity of the installation who are 
                ordered to funeral honors duty, or members of veterans 
                organizations or other organizations referred to in 
                section 1491(b)(2) of such title.
                    (D) Mechanisms for the provision of support 
                authorized by section 1491(d) of such title.
                    (E) Such other mechanisms and activities as the 
                Secretary concerned considers appropriate in order to 
                assure that full military funeral honors are provided 
                upon request at funerals of veterans.
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``Secretary concerned'' has the meaning 
                given that term in section 101(a)(9) of title 10, United 
                States Code.
                    (B) The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given that 
                term in section 1491(h) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 575. IMPROVEMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL LICENSE PORTABILITY FOR 
                        RELOCATED SPOUSES OF MEMBERS OF THE 
                        UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Section 1784 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(h) Improvement of Occupational License Portability Through 
Interstate Compacts.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall seek to enter into a cooperative agreement with 
        the Council of State Governments to assist with funding of the 
        development of interstate compacts on licensed occupations in 
        order to alleviate the burden associated with relicensing in 
        such an occupation by spouse of a members of the armed forces in 
        connection with a permanent change of duty station of members to 
        another State.
            ``(2) Limitation on assistance per compact.--The amount 
        provided under paragraph (1) as assistance for the development 
        of any particular interstate compact may not exceed $1,000,000.
            ``(3) Limitation on total amount of assistance.--The total 
        amount of assistance provided under paragraph (1) in any fiscal 
        year may not exceed $4,000,000.
            ``(4) Annual report.--Not later than February 28 each year, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a

[[Page 133 STAT. 1406]]

        report on interstate compacts described in paragraph (1) 
        developed through assistance provided under that paragraph. Each 
        report shall set forth the following:
                    ``(A) Any interstate compact developed during the 
                preceding calendar year, including the occupational 
                licenses covered by such compact and the States agreeing 
                to enter into such compact.
                    ``(B) Any interstate compact developed during a 
                prior calendar year into which one or more additional 
                States agreed to enter during the preceding calendar 
                year.
            ``(5) Expiration.--The authority to enter into a cooperative 
        agreement under paragraph (1), and to provide assistance 
        described in that paragraph pursuant to such cooperative 
        agreement, expire on September 30, 2024.''.
SEC. 576. CONTINUED ELIGIBILITY FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
                        OPPORTUNITIES FOR SPOUSES OF PROMOTED 
                        MEMBERS.

    Section 1784a(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Assistance''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) A spouse who is eligible for a program under this section and 
begins a course of education or training for a degree, license, or 
credential described in subsection (a) may not become ineligible to 
complete such course of education or training solely because the member 
to whom the spouse is married is promoted to a higher grade.''.
SEC. 577. MODIFICATION TO AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE FOR STATE 
                        LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION COSTS OF A 
                        SPOUSE OF A SERVICEMEMBER ARISING FROM 
                        RELOCATION.

    Section 476(p) of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``armed forces'' and 
        inserting ``uniformed services'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$500'' and inserting 
        ``$1,000'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``and'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of whether the 
        maximum reimbursement amount under paragraph (2) is sufficient 
        to cover the average costs of relicensing described in paragraph 
        (1).''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``December 31, 2022'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2024''.
SEC. 578. CLARIFICATION REGARDING ELIGIBILITY TO TRANSFER 
                        ENTITLEMENT UNDER POST-9/11 EDUCATIONAL 
                        ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    Section 3319(j) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense may not prescribe any regulation that 
would provide for a limitation on eligibility to transfer unused 
education benefits to family members based on a maximum number of years 
of service in the Armed Forces.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1407]]

SEC. 579. ANNUAL STATE REPORT CARD.

    Section 1111(h)(1)(C)(ii) of the Elementary and Secondary Education 
Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311(h)(1)(C)(ii)) is amended by striking ``on 
active duty (as defined in section 101(d)(5) of such title)''.
SEC. 580. IMPROVEMENTS TO CHILD CARE FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES.

    (a) Clarifying Technical Amendment to Direct Hire Authority of the 
Department of Defense for Child Care Services Providers for Department 
Child Development Centers.--Section 559(e) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
1792 note) is amended by inserting ``(including family childcare 
coordinator services and school age childcare coordinator services)'' 
after ``childcare services''.
    (b) Assessment of Financial Assistance Provided to Civilian Child 
Care Providers.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall assess the 
        maximum amount of financial assistance provided to eligible 
        civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
        services that furnish such service for members of the armed 
        forces and employees of the United States under section 1798 of 
        title 10, United States Code. Such assessment shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The determination of 
                the Secretary whether the maximum allowable financial 
                assistance should be standardized across the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (B) Whether the maximum allowable amount adequately 
                accounts for high-cost duty stations.
            (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and 
        any actions taken by the Secretary to remedy identified 
        shortfalls in assistance described in that paragraph.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1791 note.>>  Reduction in Wait Lists for Child 
Care at Military Installations.--
            (1) Remedial action.--The Secretary of Defense shall take 
        steps the Secretary determines necessary to reduce the waiting 
        lists for child care at military installations to ensure that 
        members of the Armed Forces have meaningful access to child care 
        during tours of duty.
            (2) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide a report to the Committees on Armed Forces 
        of the Senate and the House of Representative regarding--
                    (A) action taken under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) any additional resources (including additional 
                funding for and child care facilities and workers) the 
                Secretary determines necessary to increase access 
                described in paragraph (1).

    (d) GAO Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the assessments, actions, and determinations of the 
Secretary under subsections (b)(1) and (c). Not 
later <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  than December 1, 2020, the Comptroller 
General shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1408]]

the House of Representatives a report regarding the review performed 
under this subsection.

    (e) Assessment of Accessibility of Websites of the Department of 
Defense Related to Child Care and Spousal Employment.--
            (1) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall review the 
        functions and accessibility of websites of the Department of 
        Defense designed for members of the Armed Forces and the 
        families of such members to access information and services 
        offered by the Department regarding child care, spousal 
        employment, and other family matters.
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        regarding the results of the assessment under paragraph (1) and 
        actions taken to enhance accessibility of the websites.

    (f) <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 1792 note.>>  Portability of Background 
Investigations for Child Care Providers.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that the background investigation and training certification for 
a child care provider employed by the Department of Defense in a 
facility of the Department may be transferred to another facility of the 
Department, without regard to which Secretary of a military department 
has jurisdiction over either such facility.
SEC. 580A. TRANSPORTATION OF REMAINS OF CASUALTIES; TRAVEL 
                          EXPENSES FOR NEXT OF KIN.

    (a) Transportation for Remains of a Member Who Dies Not in a Theater 
of Combat Operations.--Section 562 of the John Warner National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 
1482 note), as amended by section 573 of this Act, is further amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``dying in a theater of 
        combat operations''; and
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``in a combat theater of 
        operations'' and inserting ``outside of the United States''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1482 note.>>  Transportation for Family.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall extend travel privileges via Invitational 
Travel Authorization to family members of members of the Armed Forces 
who die outside of the United States and whose remains are returned to 
the United States through the mortuary facility at Dover Air Force Base, 
Delaware.
SEC. 580B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1475 note prec.>>  MEETINGS OF OFFICIALS 
                          OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE WITH 
                          REPRESENTATIVE GROUPS OF SURVIVORS OF 
                          DECEASED MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Chiefs of the Armed Forces.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
direct the chiefs of the Armed Forces to meet periodically with 
representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the Armed 
Forces to receive feedback from those survivors regarding issues 
affecting such survivors. The Chief of the National Guard Bureau shall 
meet with representative groups of survivors of deceased members of the 
Air National Guard and the Army National Guard.
    (b) Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness.--The 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall meet 
periodically with representative groups of survivors of deceased members 
of the Armed Forces to discuss policies of the

[[Page 133 STAT. 1409]]

Department of Defense regarding military casualties and Gold Star 
families.
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than April 1, 2020, 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall brief 
the Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives 
regarding policies established and the results of the meetings under 
subsection (b).
SEC. 580C. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1566 note.>>  INFORMATION AND 
                          OPPORTUNITIES FOR REGISTRATION FOR 
                          VOTING AND ABSENTEE BALLOT REQUESTS FOR 
                          MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES UNDERGOING 
                          DEPLOYMENT OVERSEAS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than 45 days prior 
to a general election for Federal office, a member of the Armed Forces 
shall, upon request, be provided with the following:
            (1) A Federal write-in absentee ballot prescribed pursuant 
        to section 103 of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee 
        Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20303), together with instructions on the 
        appropriate use of the ballot with respect to the State in which 
        the member is registered to vote.
            (2) In the case of a member intending to vote in a State 
        that does not accept the Federal write-in absentee ballot as a 
        simultaneous application and acceptable ballot for Federal 
        elections, instructions on, and an opportunity to fill out, the 
        official post card form for absentee voter registration 
        application and absentee ballot application prescribed under 
        section 101(b)(2) of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens 
        Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 20301(b)(2)).

    (b) Personnel Responsible of Discharge.--Ballots and instructions 
pursuant to paragraph (1) of subsection (a), and briefings and forms 
pursuant to paragraph (2) of such subsection, shall be provided by 
Voting Assistance Officers or such other personnel as the Secretary of 
the military department concerned shall designate.
SEC. 580D. STUDY ON TWO-WAY MILITARY BALLOT BARCODE TRACKING.

    (a) Study.--The Director of the Federal Voting Assistance Program of 
the Department of Defense shall conduct a study on the feasibility of a 
pilot program providing full ballot tracking of overseas military 
absentee ballots through the mail stream in a manner that is similar to 
the 2016 Military Ballot Tracking Pilot Program conducted by the Federal 
Voting Assistance Program.
    (b) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Director shall submit to Congress a report on the 
results of the study conducted under subsection (a). The report shall 
include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  an estimate of the costs and 
        requirements needed to conduct the pilot program described in 
        subsection (a);
            (2) a description of the organizations that would provide 
        substantial support for the pilot program;
            (3) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a time line for the phased 
        implementation of the pilot program to all military personnel 
        actively serving overseas;
            (4) a method to determine under the pilot program if a 
        ballot was counted, and a way to provide such information to the 
        member of the Armed Forces casting the vote; and
            (5) a description of the efforts being undertaken to ensure 
        a reliable and secure military ballot tracking system.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1410]]

SEC. 580E. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
            (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        for fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and available for operation 
        and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the 
        funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 shall be available 
        for payments under section 363 of the Floyd D. Spence National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 106-
        398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
            (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
        paragraph (1) for payments as described in that paragraph, 
        $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
        educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, in 
        the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher concentrations 
        of military children with severe disabilities.

    (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2020 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
7713(9)).
SEC. 580F. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1784a note.>>  FIRST EXPANSION OF THE MY 
                          CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR 
                          MILITARY SPOUSES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall modify the My Career Advancement 
Account program of the Department of Defense to ensure that military 
spouses participating in the program may receive financial assistance 
for the pursuit of a license, certification, or Associate's degree in 
any career field or occupation.
SEC. 580G. <<NOTE: 14 USC 2904 note.>>  SECOND EXPANSION OF THE MY 
                          CAREER ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR 
                          MILITARY SPOUSES.

    The spouse of a member of the Coast Guard may participate in the My 
Career Advancement Account program of the Department of Defense if the 
Coast Guard reimburses the Department of Defense.
SEC. 580H. REPORT ON TRAINING AND SUPPORT AVAILABLE TO MILITARY 
                          SPOUSES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness shall submit to the committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report that includes a description of 
the following:
            (1) Financial literacy programs currently designed 
        specifically for military spouses.
            (2) Efforts to evaluate the effectiveness of financial 
        literacy programs.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1411]]

    (b) Public Availability.--The report submitted under subsection (a) 
shall be made available on a publicly accessible website of the 
Department of Defense.
SEC. 580I. RI'KATAK GUEST STUDENT PROGRAM AT UNITED STATES ARMY 
                          GARRISON-KWAJALEIN ATOLL.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of the Army may conduct an 
assistance program to educate up to five local national students per 
grade, per academic year, on a space-available basis at the contractor-
operated schools on United States Army GarrisonUKwajalein Atoll. The 
program shall be known as the ``Ri'katak Guest Student Program''.
    (b) Student Assistance.--Assistance that may be provided to students 
participating in the program carried out pursuant to subsection (a) 
includes the following:
            (1) Classroom instruction.
            (2) Extracurricular activities.
            (3) Student meals.
            (4) Transportation.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITIES ON ELIGIBILITY FOR AND 
                        REPLACEMENT OF GOLD STAR LAPEL BUTTONS.

    (a) Expansion of Authority To Determine Next of Kin for Issuance.--
Section 1126 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``widows, parents, and'' 
        in the matter preceding paragraph (1);
            (2) in subsection (b), by striking ``the widow and to each 
        parent and'' and inserting ``each''; and
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (1), (2), (3), and (4) 
                and inserting the following new paragraph (1):
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  The term `next of kin' means 
        individuals standing in such relationship to members of the 
        armed forces described in subsection (a) as the Secretaries 
        concerned shall jointly specify in regulations for purposes of 
        this section.''; and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (5), (6), (7), and 
                (8) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively.

    (b) Replacement.--Subsection (c) of such section is amended by 
striking ``and payment'' and all that follows and inserting ``and 
without cost.''.
SEC. 582. STANDARDIZATION OF HONORABLE SERVICE REQUIREMENT FOR 
                        AWARD OF MILITARY DECORATIONS.

    (a) Honorable Service Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 57 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1136. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1136.>>  Honorable service requirement 
                  for award of military decorations

    ``No military decoration, including a medal, cross, or bar, or an 
associated emblem or insignia, may be awarded or presented to any 
person, or to a representative of the person, if the service

[[Page 133 STAT. 1412]]

of the person after the person distinguished himself or herself has not 
been honorable.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 57 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 1121 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following:

``1136. Honorable service requirement for award of military 
           decorations.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Title 10, United States Code, is further 
amended as follows:
            (1) In section 7274--
                    (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (c)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (2)(A) <<NOTE: Repeal.>>  Section 8299 is repealed.
            (B) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8291 prec.>>  The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 837 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 8299.
            (3) In section 9274--
                    (A) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``subsection (d)'' and 
                inserting ``subsection (c)'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
                (c).
            (4) In section 9279, by striking subsection (c).
SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR TO JOHN J. 
                        DUFFY FOR ACTS OF VALOR IN VIETNAM.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the President may 
award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of such title to John J. 
Duffy for the acts of valor in Vietnam described in subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of John J. Duffy on April 14 and 15, 
1972, in Vietnam for which he was previously awarded the Distinguished-
Service Cross.
SEC. 584. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7271 note.>>  REVIEW OF WORLD WAR I VALOR 
                        MEDALS.

    (a) Review Required.--Each Secretary concerned shall review the 
service records of World War I veterans described in subsection (b) 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary in order to determine whether 
any such veteran should be awarded the Medal of Honor for valor during 
World War I.
    (b) Covered World War I Veterans.--The World War I veterans whose 
service records may be reviewed under subsection (a) are the following:
            (1) African American war veterans, Asian American war 
        veterans, Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war 
        veterans, and Native American war veterans who were awarded the 
        Distinguished Service Cross or the Navy Cross for an action that 
        occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (2) African American war veterans, Asian American war 
        veterans, Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war 
        veterans, and Native American war veterans who were

[[Page 133 STAT. 1413]]

        awarded the Croix de Guerre with Palm (that is, awarded at the 
        Army level or above) by the Government of France for an action 
        that occurred between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918.
            (3) African American war veterans, Asian American war 
        veterans, Hispanic American war veterans, Jewish American war 
        veterans, and Native American war veterans who were recommended 
        for a Medal of Honor for actions that occurred from April 6, 
        1917, to November 11, 1918, if the Department of Defense 
        possesses or receives records relating to such recommendation.

    (c) Recommendation Based on Review.--If a Secretary concerned 
determines, based upon the review under subsection (a), that the award 
of the Medal of Honor to a covered World War I veteran is warranted, 
such Secretary shall submit to the President a recommendation that the 
President award the Medal of Honor to that veteran.
    (d) Authority To Award Medal of Honor.--The Medal of Honor may be 
awarded to a World War I veteran in accordance with a recommendation of 
a Secretary concerned under subsection (c).
    (e) Waiver of Time Limitations.--An award of the Medal of Honor may 
be made under subsection (d) without regard to--
            (1) section 7274 or 8298 of title 10, United States Code, as 
        applicable; and
            (2) any regulation or other administrative restriction on--
                    (A) the time for awarding the Medal of Honor; or
                    (B) the awarding of the Medal of Honor for service 
                for which a Distinguished Service Cross or Navy Cross 
                has been awarded.

    (f) Deadline.--The review under subsection (a) shall terminate not 
later than five years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (g) Definitions.--
            (1) In general.--In this section:
                    (A) African american war veteran.--The term 
                ``African American war veteran'' means any person who 
                served in the United States Armed Forces between April 
                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself as of African descent on his military personnel 
                records.
                    (B) Asian american war veteran.--The term ``Asian 
                American war veteran'' means any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself 
                racially, nationally, or ethnically as originating from 
                a country in Asia on his military personnel records.
                    (C) Hispanic american war veteran.--The term 
                ``Hispanic American war veteran'' means any person who 
                served in the United States Armed Forces between April 
                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself racially, nationally, or ethnically as 
                originating from a country where Spanish is an official 
                language on his military personnel records.
                    (D) Jewish american war veteran.--The term ``Jewish 
                American war veteran'' mean any person who served in the 
                United States Armed Forces between April

[[Page 133 STAT. 1414]]

                6, 1917, and November 11, 1918, and who identified 
                himself as Jewish on his military personnel records.
                    (E) Native american war veteran.--The term ``Native 
                American war veteran'' means any person who served in 
                the United States Armed Forces between April 6, 1917, 
                and November 11, 1918, and who identified himself as a 
                member of a federally recognized tribe within the modern 
                territory of the United States on his military personnel 
                records.
                    (F) Secretary concerned.--The term ``Secretary 
                concerned'' means--
                          (i) the Secretary of the Army, in the case of 
                      members of the Armed Forces who served in the Army 
                      between April 6, 1917, and November 11, 1918; and
                          (ii) the Secretary of the Navy, in the case of 
                      members of the Armed Forces who served in the Navy 
                      or the Marine Corps between April 6, 1917, and 
                      November 11, 1918.
            (2) Application of definitions of origin.--If the military 
        personnel records of a person do not reflect the person's 
        membership in one of the groups identified in subparagraphs (B) 
        through (F) of paragraph (1) but historical evidence exists that 
        demonstrates the person's Jewish faith held at the time of 
        service, or that the person identified himself as of African, 
        Asian, Hispanic, or Native American descent, the person may be 
        treated as being a member of the applicable group by the 
        Secretary concerned for purposes of this section.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. CLARIFICATION OF THE TERM ``ASSAULT'' FOR PURPOSES OF 
                        WORKPLACE AND GENDER RELATIONS SURVEYS.

    (a) Surveys of Members of the Armed Forces.--Section 481 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``(including unwanted 
sexual contact)'' after ``assault'' each place it appears.
    (b) Surveys of Civilian Employees of the Department of Defense.--
Section 481a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
``(including unwanted sexual contact)'' after ``assault'' each place it 
appears.
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 481 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsections (a) and (b) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to surveys under 
sections 481 and 481a of title 10, United States Code, that are 
initiated after such date.
SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN VETERANS ON TEMPORARY DISABILITY OR 
                        PERMANENT DISABLED RETIREMENT LISTS IN 
                        MILITARY ADAPTIVE SPORTS PROGRAMS.

    (a) Inclusion of Certain Veterans.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 
2564a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``for 
members of the armed forces who'' and all that follows through the 
period at the end and inserting the following: ``for--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1415]]

                    ``(A) any member of the armed forces who is eligible 
                to participate in adaptive sports because of an injury, 
                illness, or wound incurred in the line of duty in the 
                armed forces; and
                    ``(B) any veteran (as defined in section 101 of 
                title 38), during the one-year period following the 
                veteran's date of separation, who--
                          ``(i) is on the Temporary Disability 
                      Retirement List or Permanently Disabled Retirement 
                      List;
                          ``(ii) is eligible to participate in adaptive 
                      sports because of an injury, illness, or wound 
                      incurred in the line of duty in the armed forces; 
                      and
                          ``(iii) was enrolled in the program authorized 
                      under this section prior to the veteran's date of 
                      separation.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended 
by inserting ``and veterans'' after ``members''.
    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2564a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2564a.>>  Provision of assistance for 
                    adaptive sports programs: members of the armed 
                    forces; certain veterans''.
            (2) Table of section.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 152 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2551 
        prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        2564a and inserting the following new item:

``2564a. Provision of assistance for adaptive sports programs: members 
           of the armed forces; certain veterans.''.

SEC. 593. <<NOTE: 10 USC 480 note prec.>>  QUESTIONS IN SURVEYS 
                        REGARDING EXTREMIST ACTIVITY IN THE 
                        WORKPLACE.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include in appropriate surveys 
administered by the Department of Defense questions regarding whether 
respondents have ever--
            (1) experienced or witnessed extremist activity in the 
        workplace; or
            (2) reported such activity.
SEC. 594. STUDY ON BEST PRACTICES FOR PROVIDING FINANCIAL LITERACY 
                        EDUCATION FOR SEPARATING MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Study Required.--The Secretary of 
Defense, and with respect to members of the Coast Guard, in coordination 
with the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is 
operating when it is not operating as a service in the Navy, shall 
conduct a study on the best practices to provide financial literacy 
education for separating members of the Armed Forces.

    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  an examination, 
        recommendations, and reporting on best practices for providing 
        financial literacy education to separating members of the Armed 
        Forces; and
            (2) detailed current financial literacy programs for 
        separating members of the Armed Forces.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1416]]

    (c) Consultation.--In conducting the study required by subsection 
(a), the Secretaries shall consult with the Financial Literacy and 
Education Commission of the Department of the Treasury.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the study under subsection (a).
    (e) Financial Literacy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``financial literacy'' means education regarding personal finance 
including the insurance, credit, loan, banking, career training and 
education benefits available to veterans.
SEC. 595. REPORT ON OVERSIGHT OF AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF CERTAIN 
                        GRADES OF COMMISSIONED REGULAR AND RESERVE 
                        OFFICERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than April 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on oversight of the authorized 
strengths of commissioned regular officers of the Armed Forces and 
commissioned reserve officers of the Armed Forces in the grades as 
follows:
            (1) The grades of major, lieutenant colonel, and colonel in 
        the Army, the Air Force, and the Marine Corps.
            (2) The grades of lieutenant commander, commander, and 
        captain in the Navy.

    (b) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Elements.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Such recommendations as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate on mechanisms to improve 
        Department of Defense oversight, and oversight by Congress, of 
        the authorized strengths of commissioned officers in the grades 
        specified in subsection (a), including the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of the history 
                of each military department in complying with the 
                authorized strengths and strengths in grade specified in 
                sections 523 and 12005 of title 10, United States Code, 
                including a description of--
                          (i) the number of officers in each grade and 
                      Armed Force concerned as of the end of each fiscal 
                      year between fiscal year 2010 and fiscal year 
                      2019; and
                          (ii) the number of officers authorized for 
                      such grade and Armed Force as of the end of such 
                      fiscal year under the applicable section.
                    (B) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of submitting to Congress each year a 
                request for an authorization for officers serving in the 
                grades currently covered by the tables in section 523 of 
                title 10, United States Code.
                    (C) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of submitting to Congress each year a 
                proposal for legislation to update the tables in such 
                section.
                    (D) An assessment of the advisability of converting 
                the authorization for end strengths for regular officers 
                in the grades specified in subsection (a) to a 
                percentage-based approach like that currently utilized 
                for reserve officers in section 12005 of title 10, 
                United States Code.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1417]]

            (2) Such other recommendations as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate to improve the effectiveness of the oversight by 
        Congress of the number of commissioned regular and reserve 
        officers of the Armed Forces in the grades specified in 
        subsection (a).
SEC. 596. REPORT ON CERTAIN WAIVERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter during the two subsequent 
calendar years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a 
report identifying, with respect to the reporting period for such 
report, and disaggregated by Armed Force, the following:
            (1) Accession and commission.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  The number of 
                individuals who were processed by a Secretary of a 
                military department for a medical accession or 
                commissioning qualification determination on or after 
                April 12, 2019.
                    (B) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (A), the number of such individuals who were found 
                medically disqualified pursuant to the standards 
                established in DTM-19-004 regarding enlistment in or 
                commission as an officer of an Armed Force under the 
                jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department.
                    (C) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (A), the number of such individuals--
                          (i) described in section I.b.(1), 1.b(2), 
                      1.b(3), or II.b.(1) of attachment 3 to DTM-19-004; 
                      and
                          (ii) who did not require a waiver or exception 
                      to standards described in subparagraph (B).
                    (D) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (C), the number of such individuals who enlisted or were 
                commissioned.
                    (E) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (B), the number of such individuals who were considered 
                for a waiver or exception to standards described in 
                subparagraph (B).
                    (F) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (E), the number of such individuals who were denied such 
                a waiver or exception.
                    (G) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (E), the number of such individuals who received such a 
                waiver or exception.
                    (H) Of the individuals described in subparagraph 
                (G), the number of such individuals who enlisted or were 
                commissioned.
            (2) Retention.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  The number of members 
                of each Armed Force under the jurisdiction of the 
                Secretary of a military department who received a 
                diagnosis of gender dysphoria on or after April 12, 
                2019.
                    (B) Of the members described in subparagraph (A), 
                the number of members who were--
                          (i) referred to the Disability Evaluation 
                      System; or

[[Page 133 STAT. 1418]]

                          (ii) subject to processing for administrative 
                      separation based on conditions and circumstances 
                      not constituting a physical disability that 
                      interfered with assignment to or performance of 
                      duty.
                    (C) Of the members described in subparagraph (A), 
                the number of members who were subsequently considered 
                for a waiver or exception to standards established in 
                DTM-19-004 to permit those members to serve in other 
                than the biological sex of each such member.
                    (D) Of the members described in subparagraph (C), 
                the number of members who were granted such a waiver or 
                exception.
                    (E) Of the members described in subparagraph (C), 
                the number of members who were denied such a waiver or 
                exception.
                    (F) Of the members described in subparagraph (E), 
                the number of members who were discharged because of 
                such denial, aggregated by characterization of 
                discharge.

    (b) Protection of Certain Information.--No report submitted under 
this section may contain any personally identifiable information or 
protected health information of any individual.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``DTM-19-004'' means the memorandum--
                    (A) issued by the Office of the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense;
                    (B) dated March 12, 2019; and
                    (C) with the subject heading ``Directive-type 
                Memorandum (DTM)-19-004-Military Service by Transgender 
                Persons and Persons with Gender Dysphoria''.
            (2) The terms ``exempt individuals'' and ``nonexempt 
        individuals'' have the meanings given those terms in attachment 
        3 to DTM-19-004.
            (3) The term ``reporting period'' means, with respect to a 
        report submitted under subsection (a), the calendar year most 
        recently completed before the date on which such report is to be 
        submitted.
SEC. 597. NOTIFICATIONS ON MANNING OF AFLOAT NAVAL FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time periods. 10 USC 8013 note.>>  In 
General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall notify the congressional 
defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days after the end of 
each fiscal year quarter, of each covered ship (if any) that met either 
condition as follows:
            (1) The manning fit for such ship was less than 87 percent 
        for more than 14 days during such fiscal year quarter.
            (2) The manning fill for such ship was less than 90 percent 
        for more than 14 days during such fiscal year quarter.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  Elements.--The notification 
required by subsection (a) shall include, with respect to a covered 
ship, the following:
            (1) The name and hull number of the ship.
            (2) The homeport location of the ship.
            (3) The current manning fit and fill of the ship.
            (4) If the lowest level of manning fit or manning fill for 
        the ship occurred during the fiscal year quarter concerned, the 
        level concerned and the date on which such level occurred.
            (5) If the lowest level of manning fit or manning fill for 
        the ship is projected to occur after the fiscal year quarter

[[Page 133 STAT. 1419]]

        concerned, the projected level and the date on which such level 
        is projected to occur.
            (6) If not achieved as of the date of the notification the 
        projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning fit and 
        fill at least 87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, for the 
        ship.
            (7) If not achieved as of the date of the notification, the 
        projected date on which the Navy will achieve a manning fit and 
        fill of at least 92 percent and 95 percent, respectively, for 
        the ship.
            (8) A description of the reasons the Navy has not achieved, 
        or will not achieve, as applicable, manning fit and fill of at 
        least 87 percent and 90 percent, respectively, for the ship, 
        including a detailed description of the specific ratings or 
        skillset areas that must be manned to achieve those percentages.
            (9) A description of corrective actions the Navy is taking 
        to improve manning fit or manning fill on the ship.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  Special Rule.--For purposes of 
determining whether a percentage of manning fit or manning fill has been 
achieved, a sailor in a more senior paygrade may count as filling the 
billet of a more junior paygrade, but a sailor in a more junior paygrade 
may not count as filling the billet of a more senior paygrade.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Manning fit.--The term ``manning fit'', in the case of a 
        ship, means the skills (rating), specialty skills (Navy Enlisted 
        Classifications), and experience (paygrade) for the ship when 
        compared with the ship manpower document requirement and billets 
        authorized for such skills and experience.
            (2) Manning fill.--The term ``manning fill'', in the case of 
        a ship, means the total number of military personnel assigned to 
        the ship by rating when compared with the ship manpower document 
        requirement and billets authorized for the ship by rating.
            (3) Covered ship.--The term ``covered ship'' means a 
        commissioned battle force ship that is included in the battle 
        force count of the Naval Vessel Register.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  Sunset.--The requirement to submit 
notifications under subsection (a) with respect to fiscal year quarters 
shall cease beginning with fiscal year quarters in fiscal year 2025.

    (f) Repeal of Superseded Requirements.--Section 525 of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1757; 10 U.S.C. 8013 note) is repealed.
SEC. 598. REPORT REGARDING USE OF AERIAL SYSTEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE TO SUPPORT AGENCIES OF STATES, 
                        TERRITORIES, AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Report Required.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Chief of the National Guard Bureau, 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate a report regarding the requirements, 
policies, and procedures governing the use of manned and unmanned aerial 
systems of the Department of Defense to support State and Federal 
agencies.

    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1420]]

            (1) A description of requirements for providing support to 
        State and Federal agencies that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate for planning, programming and budgeting resources.
            (2) A description of manned and unmanned aerial systems that 
        the Secretary regularly provides to support State and Federal 
        agencies, including examples of support provided, and length of 
        time to approve requests.
            (3) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of requests for such aerial 
        systems from State and Federal agencies during fiscal year 2019 
        that the Secretary denied and the reason each such request was 
        disapproved.
            (4) <<NOTE: Overview. Procedures.>>  An overview of current 
        policies and procedures governing the use of such aerial systems 
        by States and Federal agencies, including--
                    (A) procedures a State or Federal agency must follow 
                to obtain use of such aerial systems for natural 
                disasters and search and rescue operations;
                    (B) the typical amount of time needed to process 
                such requests, and whether such procedures can be 
                streamlined; and
                    (C) to what extent different policies and procedures 
                apply to unmanned aerial systems versus manned aerial 
                systems.
            (5) A description of the different categories of unmanned 
        aerial systems of the Department of Defense, how such categories 
        are managed, and whether the criteria for such categories affect 
        the ability of the Secretary to use unmanned aerial systems to 
        support State or Federal agencies.
            (6) An explanation of any restrictions on the use of such 
        unmanned aerial systems under--
                    (A) the ``Guidance for the Domestic Use of Unmanned 
                Aircraft Systems in U.S. National Airspace'', dated 
                August 18, 2018;
                    (B) Department of Defense Instruction 3025.18 
                ``Defense Support to Civil Authorities''; and
                    (C) other relevant guidance of the Department of 
                Defense.
            (7) Whether restrictions described in paragraph (6) apply 
        differently to regular members of the Armed Forces serving on 
        active duty and to members of the National Guard.
            (8) Whether members of the National Guard may operate the 
        different categories of such unmanned aerial systems when 
        operating under section 502(f) of title 32, United States Code.
            (9) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of how the Secretary 
        may improve access to and knowledge of States and Federal 
        agencies regarding the availability of such unmanned aerial 
        systems and related request procedures.
            (10) Whether--
                    (A) the Secretary has been unable to provide an 
                unmanned aerial system to support to a State agency at 
                the request of such State agency; and
                    (B) the Secretary has plans to make more unmanned 
                aerial systems available to fulfil such requests.
            (11) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.

    (c) Form.--The report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted 
in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1421]]

    (d) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 901 of title 32, United States Code.
SEC. 599. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1565b note.>>  INFORMATION FOR MEMBERS OF 
                        THE ARMED FORCES ON AVAILABILITY OF 
                        SERVICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS 
                        AFFAIRS RELATING TO SEXUAL TRAUMA.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall inform members of 
the Armed Forces, using mechanisms available to the Secretary, of the 
eligibility of such members for services of the Department of Veterans 
Affairs relating to sexual trauma.
    (b) Information From Sexual Assault Response Coordinators.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure--
            (1) that Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and uniformed 
        victims advocates of the Department of Defense advise members of 
        the Armed Forces who report instances of sexual trauma regarding 
        the eligibility of such members for services at the Department 
        of Veterans Affairs; and
            (2) that such information is included in mandatory training 
        materials.

    (c) Sexual Trauma Defined.--In this section, the term ``sexual 
trauma'' means psychological trauma described in section 1720D(a)(1) of 
title 38, United States Code.
SEC. 599A. AUTHORITY TO ISSUE AN HONORARY PROMOTION TO COLONEL 
                          CHARLES E. MCGEE, UNITED STATES AIR 
                          FORCE (RET.), TO THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER 
                          GENERAL.

    (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, United States 
Code, the President may issue to Colonel Charles E. McGee, United States 
Air Force (retired), a distinguished Tuskegee Airman, an honorary 
promotion to the grade of brigadier general.
    (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of Charles 
E. McGee on the retired list of the Air Force under subsection (a) shall 
not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United States to 
which Charles E. McGee is entitled based upon his military service, or 
affect any benefits to which any other person is or may become entitled 
based on such military service.
SEC. 599B. AUTHORITY TO ISSUE AN HONORARY AND POSTHUMOUS PROMOTION 
                          TO LIEUTENANT COLONEL RICHARD COLE, 
                          UNITED STATES AIR FORCE (RET.), TO THE 
                          GRADE OF COLONEL.

    (a) In General.--Pursuant to section 1563 of title 10, United States 
Code, the President may issue to Lieutenant Colonel Richard E. Cole, 
United States Air Force (retired), an honorary and posthumous promotion 
to the grade of colonel.
    (b) Additional Benefits Not to Accrue.--The advancement of Richard 
E. Cole on the retired list of the Air Force under subsection (a) shall 
not affect the retired pay or other benefits from the United States to 
which Richard E. Cole would have been entitled based upon his military 
service, or affect any benefits to which any other person is or may 
become entitled based on such military service.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1422]]

SEC. 599C. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON THE HONORABLE AND DISTINGUISHED 
                          SERVICE OF GENERAL JOSEPH F. DUNFORD, 
                          UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS, TO THE 
                          UNITED STATES.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the United States deeply appreciates the decades of 
        honorable service of General Joseph F. Dunford, United States 
        Marine Corps; and
            (2) the indispensable leadership of General Dunford and his 
        dedication to the men and women of the Armed Forces demonstrates 
        the finest example of service to the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Clarification of continuation of pays during hospitalization 
           and rehabilitation resulting from wounds, injury, or illness 
           incurred while on duty in a hostile fire area or exposed to 
           an event of hostile fire or other hostile action.
Sec. 602. Continued entitlements while a member of the Armed Forces 
           participates in a career intermission program.
Sec. 603. Exemption from repayment of voluntary separation pay.
Sec. 604. Consideration of service on active duty to reduce age of 
           eligibility for retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 605. Temporary adjustment of rates of basic allowance for housing 
           following determination that local civilian housing costs 
           significantly differ from such rates.
Sec. 606. Reinvestment of travel refunds by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 607. Addition of partial dislocation allowance to allowable travel 
           and transportation expenses for servicemembers.
Sec. 608. Reductions on account of earnings from work performed while 
           entitled to an annuity supplement.
Sec. 609. Increase in basic pay.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

Sec. 621. Expansion of eligibility for exceptional transitional 
           compensation for dependents to dependents of current members.
Sec. 622. Phase-out of reduction of Survivor Benefit Plan survivor 
           annuities by amount of dependency and indemnity compensation.
Sec. 623. Death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of authority to provide financial assistance to 
           civilian providers of child care services or youth program 
           services who provide such services to survivors of members of 
           the Armed Forces who die in combat in the line of duty.
Sec. 625. Casualty assistance for survivors of deceased ROTC graduates.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Defense resale system matters.
Sec. 632. Procurement by commissary stores of certain locally sourced 
           products.
Sec. 633. GAO review of defense resale optimization study.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

Sec. 641. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
           privileges to Foreign Service officers on mandatory home 
           leave.
Sec. 642. Extension of pilot program on a Government lodging program.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 651. Annual reports on approval of employment or compensation of 
           retired general or flag officers by foreign governments for 
           emoluments clause purposes.
Sec. 652. Report regarding transition from overseas housing allowance to 
           basic allowance for housing for servicemembers in the 
           territories.
Sec. 653. Report on extension to members of the reserve components of 
           the Armed Forces of special and incentive pays for members of 
           the Armed Forces not currently payable to members of the 
           reserve components.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1423]]

Sec. 654. Study regarding recoupment of separation pay, special 
           separation benefits, and voluntary separation incentive 
           payments from members of the Armed Forces and veterans who 
           receive disability compensation under laws administered by 
           the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 655. Report on implementation of contributions to the Department of 
           Defense Military Retirement Fund based on pay costs per Armed 
           Force rather than on Armed Forces-wide basis.
Sec. 656. Report on food insecurity among members of the Armed Forces 
           and their dependents.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. CLARIFICATION OF CONTINUATION OF PAYS DURING 
                        HOSPITALIZATION AND REHABILITATION 
                        RESULTING FROM WOUNDS, INJURY, OR ILLNESS 
                        INCURRED WHILE ON DUTY IN A HOSTILE FIRE 
                        AREA OR EXPOSED TO AN EVENT OF HOSTILE 
                        FIRE OR OTHER HOSTILE ACTION.

    Section 372(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended to 
read as follows:
            ``(1) The date on which the member is returned for 
        assignment to other than a medical or patient unit for duty; 
        however, in the case of a member under the jurisdiction of a 
        Secretary of a military department, the date on which the member 
        is determined fit for duty.''.
SEC. 602. CONTINUED ENTITLEMENTS WHILE A MEMBER OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES PARTICIPATES IN A CAREER 
                        INTERMISSION PROGRAM.

    Section 710(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking the period and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) the entitlement of the member and of the survivors of 
        the member to all death benefits under the provisions of chapter 
        75 of this title;
            ``(4) the provision of all travel and transportation 
        allowances for the survivors of deceased members to attend 
        burial ceremonies under section 481f of title 37; and
            ``(5) the eligibility of the member for general benefits as 
        provided in part II of title 38.''.
SEC. 603. EXEMPTION FROM REPAYMENT OF VOLUNTARY SEPARATION PAY.

    Section 1175a(j) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraphs (2) and (3)'' 
        and inserting ``paragraphs (2), (3), and (4)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to a member who--
            ``(A) is involuntarily recalled to active duty or full-time 
        National Guard duty; and
            ``(B) in the course of such duty, incurs a service-connected 
        disability rated as total under section 1155 of title 38.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1424]]

SEC. 604. CONSIDERATION OF SERVICE ON ACTIVE DUTY TO REDUCE AGE OF 
                        ELIGIBILITY FOR RETIRED PAY FOR NON-
                        REGULAR SERVICE.

    Section 12731(f)(2)(B)(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``under a provision of law referred to in section 
101(a)(13)(B) or under section 12301(d)'' and inserting ``under section 
12301(d) or 12304b of this title, or under a provision of law referred 
to in section 101(a)(13)(B)''.
SEC. 605. TEMPORARY ADJUSTMENT OF RATES OF BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR 
                        HOUSING FOLLOWING DETERMINATION THAT LOCAL 
                        CIVILIAN HOUSING COSTS SIGNIFICANTLY 
                        DIFFER FROM SUCH RATES.

    Section 403(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(8)(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary of Defense may 
prescribe a temporary adjustment in the current rates of basic allowance 
for housing for a military housing area or a portion thereof (in this 
paragraph, `BAH rates') if the Secretary determines that the actual 
costs of adequate housing for civilians in that military housing area or 
portion thereof differs from the current BAH rates by more than 20 
percent.

    ``(B) Any temporary adjustment in BAH rates under this paragraph 
shall remain in effect only until the effective date of the first 
adjustment of BAH rates for the affected military housing area that 
occurs after the date of the adjustment under this paragraph.
    ``(C) <<NOTE: Termination date.>>  This paragraph shall cease to be 
effective on September 30, 2022.''.
SEC. 606. REINVESTMENT OF TRAVEL REFUNDS BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) Refunds for Official Travel.--Subchapter I of chapter 8 of title 
37, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new section:
``Sec. 456. <<NOTE: 37 USC 456.>>  Managed travel program refunds

    ``(a) Credit of Refunds.--The Secretary of Defense may credit 
refunds attributable to Department of Defense managed travel programs as 
a direct result of official travel to such operation and maintenance or 
research, development, test, and evaluation accounts of the Department 
as designated by the Secretary that are available for obligation for the 
fiscal year in which the refund or amount is collected.
    ``(b) Use of Refunds.--Refunds credited under subsection (a) may 
only be used for official travel or operations and efficiency 
improvements for improved financial management of official travel.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Managed travel program.--The term `managed travel 
        program' includes air, rental car, train, bus, dining, lodging, 
        and travel management, but does not include rebates or refunds 
        attributable to the use of the Government travel card, the 
        Government Purchase Card, or Government travel arranged by 
        Government Contracted Travel Management Centers.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1425]]

            ``(2) Refund.--The term `refund' includes miscellaneous 
        receipts credited to the Department identified as a refund, 
        rebate, repayment, or other similar amounts collected.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 8 of such title <<NOTE: 37 USC 451 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 455 the following new item:

``456. Managed travel program refunds.''.

    (c) Clarification on Retention of Travel Promotional Items.--Section 
1116(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 
(Public Law 107-107; 5 U.S.C. 5702 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Definition.--In this section, the term'' 
        and inserting the following: ``Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) The term `general public' includes the Federal 
        Government or an agency.''.
SEC. 607. ADDITION OF PARTIAL DISLOCATION ALLOWANCE TO ALLOWABLE 
                        TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION EXPENSES FOR 
                        SERVICEMEMBERS.

    (a) Current Authority.--Section 477(f)(1) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``family''.
    (b) Future Authority.--Section 452(c) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3) A partial dislocation allowance paid to a member 
        ordered to occupy or vacate housing provided by the United 
        States.''.
SEC. 608. REDUCTIONS ON ACCOUNT OF EARNINGS FROM WORK PERFORMED 
                        WHILE ENTITLED TO AN ANNUITY SUPPLEMENT.

    Section 8421a(c) of title 5, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``full-time as an air traffic control 
        instructor'' and inserting ``as an air traffic control 
        instructor, or supervisor thereof,''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or supervisor'' after ``an instructor''.
SEC. 609. <<NOTE: Effective date. 37 USC 1009 note.>>  INCREASE IN 
                        BASIC PAY.

    Effective on January 1, 2020, the rates of monthly basic pay for 
members of the uniformed services are increased by 3.1 percent.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
                        PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating To Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of title 
37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments for 
reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1426]]

    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--The 
following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
        accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected 
        Reserve.

    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2020''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2020'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
        and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

                Subtitle C--Family and Survivor Benefits

SEC. 621. EXPANSION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR EXCEPTIONAL TRANSITIONAL 
                        COMPENSATION FOR DEPENDENTS TO DEPENDENTS 
                        OF CURRENT MEMBERS.

    Section 1059(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Members or'' 
        after ``Dependents of'';
            (2) by inserting ``member or'' before ``former member'' each 
        place it appears;
            (3) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):

    ``(3) For purposes of the provision of benefits under this section 
pursuant to this subsection, a member shall be considered separated from 
active duty upon the earliest of--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1427]]

            ``(A) the date an administrative separation is initiated by 
        a commander of the member;
            ``(B) the date the court-martial sentence is adjudged if the 
        sentence, as adjudged, includes a dismissal, dishonorable 
        discharge, bad conduct discharge, or forfeiture of all pay and 
        allowances; or
            ``(C) the date the member's term of service expires.''.
SEC. 622. PHASE-OUT OF REDUCTION OF SURVIVOR BENEFIT PLAN SURVIVOR 
                        ANNUITIES BY AMOUNT OF DEPENDENCY AND 
                        INDEMNITY COMPENSATION.

    (a) Phase-out.--Subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) In general.--In section 1450(c)(1)--
                    (A) by striking ``that the annuity otherwise payable 
                under this section would exceed that compensation.'' and 
                inserting ``calculated as follows:''; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  by adding at the end 
                the following:
                    ``(A) During the period beginning on January 1, 
                2020, and ending on December 31, 2020, the amount that 
                the annuity otherwise payable under this section would 
                exceed such dependency and indemnity compensation.
                    ``(B) During the period beginning on January 1, 
                2021, and ending on December 31, 2021, the amount that 
                the annuity otherwise payable under this section would 
                exceed two-thirds of such dependency and indemnity 
                compensation.
                    ``(C) During the period beginning on January 1, 
                2022, and ending on December 31, 2022, the amount that 
                the annuity otherwise payable under this section would 
                exceed one-third of such dependency and indemnity 
                compensation.
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  On and after 
                January 1, 2023, the full amount of the annuity under 
                this section.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment.--In section 1451(c)(2), by 
        inserting ``a portion (calculated under section 1450(c) of this 
        title) of'' before ``the amount''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1450 note.>>  Prohibition on Retroactive 
Benefits.--No benefits may be paid to any person for any period before 
the effective date provided under subsection (f) by reason of the 
amendments made by subsection (a).

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1450 note.>>  Prohibition on Recoupment of 
Certain Amounts Previously Refunded to SBP Recipients.--A surviving 
spouse who is or has been in receipt of an annuity under the Survivor 
Benefit Plan under subchapter II of chapter 73 of title 10, United 
States Code, that is in effect before the effective date provided under 
subsection (f) and that is adjusted by reason of the amendments made by 
subsection (a) and who has received a refund of retired pay under 
section 1450(e) of title 10, United States Code, shall not be required 
to repay such refund to the United States.

    (d) Repeal of Authority for Optional Annuity for Dependent 
Children.--Section 1448(d)(2) of such title is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Dependent children.--'' and all that 
        follows through ``In the case of a member described in paragraph 
        (1),'' and inserting ``Dependent children.--In the case of a 
        member described in paragraph (1),''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1428]]

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1448 note.>>  Restoration of Eligibility for 
Previously Eligible Spouses.--The Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall restore annuity eligibility to any eligible surviving 
spouse who, in consultation with the Secretary, previously elected to 
transfer payment of such annuity to a surviving child or children under 
the provisions of section 1448(d)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, 
as in effect on the day before the effective date provided under 
subsection (f). Such eligibility shall be restored whether or not 
payment to such child or children subsequently was terminated due to 
loss of dependent status or death. For the purposes of this subsection, 
an eligible spouse includes a spouse who was previously eligible for 
payment of such annuity and is not remarried, or remarried after having 
attained age 55, or whose second or subsequent marriage has been 
terminated by death, divorce or annulment.

    (f) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1448 note.>>  Effective Date.--This section and 
the amendments made by this section shall take effect on the first day 
of the first month that begins after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, except subsections (d) and (e) of this section and the amendments 
made thereby shall take effect on January 1, 2023.
SEC. 623. DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

    (a) In General.--Section 1475(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding ``; or a graduate of a reserve officers' training 
corps who has received a commission but has yet to receive a first duty 
assignment; or'' at the end.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1475 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment 
under subsection (a) applies to deaths that occur on or after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 624. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PROVIDE FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE 
                        TO CIVILIAN PROVIDERS OF CHILD CARE 
                        SERVICES OR YOUTH PROGRAM SERVICES WHO 
                        PROVIDE SUCH SERVICES TO SURVIVORS OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE IN 
                        COMBAT IN THE LINE OF DUTY.

    Section 1798(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``, survivors of members of the armed forces who die in 
combat-related incidents in the line of duty,'' after ``armed forces''.
SEC. 625. CASUALTY ASSISTANCE FOR SURVIVORS OF DECEASED ROTC 
                        GRADUATES.

    Section 633 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(c) ROTC Graduates.--
            ``(1) Treated as members.--For purposes of this section, a 
        graduate of a reserve officers' training corps who receives a 
        commission and who dies before receiving a first duty assignment 
        shall be treated as a member of the Armed Forces who dies while 
        on active duty.
            ``(2) Effective date.--This subsection applies to deaths on 
        or after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1429]]

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

SEC. 631. DEFENSE RESALE SYSTEM MATTERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination. 10 USC 2481 note.>>  In General.--The 
Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall, in 
coordination with the Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense, maintain oversight of business transformation efforts of the 
defense commissary system and the exchange stores system in order to 
ensure the following:
            (1) Development of an intercomponent business strategy that 
        maximizes efficiencies and results in a viable defense resale 
        system in the future.
            (2) Preservation of patron savings and satisfaction from and 
        in the defense commissary system and exchange stores system.
            (3) Sustainment of financial support of the defense 
        commissary and exchange systems for morale, welfare, and 
        recreation (MWR) services of the Armed Forces.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2481 note.>>  Executive Resale Board Advice on 
Operations of Systems.--The Executive Resale Board of the Department of 
Defense shall advise the Under Secretary on the implementation of 
sustainable, complementary operations of the defense commissary system 
and the exchange stores system.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2481 note.>>  Information Technology 
Modernization.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the Under 
Secretary and with advice from the Executive Resale Board, require the 
Defense Commissary Agency and the Military Exchange Service to do as 
follows:
            (1) Field new technologies and best business practices for 
        information technology for the defense resale system.
            (2) Implement cutting-edge marketing opportunities across 
        the defense resale system.

    (d) Inclusion of Advertising in Operating Expenses of Commissary 
Stores.--Section 2483(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following paragraph:
            ``(7) Advertising of commissary sales on materials available 
        within commissary stores and at other on-base locations.''.
SEC. 632. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2484 note.>>  PROCUREMENT BY COMMISSARY 
                        STORES OF CERTAIN LOCALLY SOURCED 
                        PRODUCTS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the dairy products and 
fruits and vegetables procured for commissary stores under the defense 
commissary system are, to the extent practicable and while maintaining 
mandated patron savings, locally sourced in order to ensure the 
availability of the freshest possible dairy products and fruits and 
vegetables for patrons of the stores.
SEC. 633. GAO REVIEW OF DEFENSE RESALE OPTIMIZATION STUDY.

    (a) Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of the business case analysis performed as part of the 
defense resale optimization study conducted by the Reform Management 
Group, titled ``Study to Determine the Feasibility of Consolidation of 
the Defense Resale Entities'' and dated December 4, 2018.
    (b) Reports Required; Elements.--Not later than March 1, 2020, and 
June 1, 2020, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an interim 
report and a final report, respectively,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1430]]

regarding the review performed under this 
section. <<NOTE: Evaluations.>>  Each report shall include evaluations 
of the following:
            (1) The descriptions and justifications for the assumptions, 
        analytical choices and data used by the Reform Management Group 
        to calculate:
                    (A) Pricing.
                    (B) Sales assumptions.
                    (C) Accuracy of methods employed to measure patron 
                savings levels.
            (2) The timetable for consolidation of military exchanges 
        and commissaries.
            (3) The recommendations for consolidation developed as part 
        of the business case analysis, including the overall cost of 
        consolidation.
            (4) The budget and oversight implications of merging non-
        appropriated funds and appropriated funds to implement the 
        recommended reforms.
            (5) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
        coordinated with the Secretaries of the military departments and 
        the chiefs of the Armed Forces in preparing the study.
            (6) The extent to which the Reform Management Group 
        addressed concerns of the Secretaries of the military 
        departments and the chiefs of the Armed Forces in the study.
            (7) If the recommendations in the business case analysis 
        were implemented--
                    (A) the ability of military exchanges and 
                commissaries to provide earnings to support on-base 
                morale, welfare, and recreation programs; and
                    (B) the financial viability of the military 
                exchanges and commissaries.

    (c) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Delay on Consolidation.--The Secretary 
of Defense may not take any action to consolidate military exchanges and 
commissaries until the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives notify the Secretary in writing of receipt 
and acceptance of the findings of the Comptroller General in the reports 
required under this section.

         Subtitle E--Morale, Welfare, and Recreation Privileges

SEC. 641. EXTENSION OF CERTAIN MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION 
                        PRIVILEGES TO FOREIGN SERVICE OFFICERS ON 
                        MANDATORY HOME LEAVE.

    (a) In General.--Section 1065 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 621 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232), is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``veterans and caregivers 
        for veterans'' and inserting ``veterans, caregivers for 
        veterans, and Foreign Service officers'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (g) and (h), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Eligibility of Foreign Service Officers on Mandatory Home 
Leave.--A Foreign Service officer on mandatory home leave

[[Page 133 STAT. 1431]]

may be permitted to use military lodging referred to in subsection 
(h).''; and
            (4) <<NOTE: Definitions.>>  in subsection (h), as 
        redesignated by paragraph (2), by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) The term `Foreign Service officer' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 103 of the Foreign Service Act of 
        1980 (22 U.S.C. 3903).
            ``(6) The term `mandatory home leave' means leave under 
        section 903 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 
        4083).''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1065 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect on January 1, 2020, as if 
originally incorporated in section 621 of Public Law 115-232.
SEC. 642. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM ON A GOVERNMENT LODGING 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 914(b) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (5 U.S.C. 5911 
note) is amended by striking ``December 31, 2019'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2020''.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 651. ANNUAL REPORTS ON APPROVAL OF EMPLOYMENT OR COMPENSATION 
                        OF RETIRED GENERAL OR FLAG OFFICERS BY 
                        FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS FOR EMOLUMENTS CLAUSE 
                        PURPOSES.

    (a) Annual Reports.--Section 908 of title 37, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Annual Reports on Approvals for 
Retired General and Flag Officers.--Not later than January 31 each year, 
the Secretaries of the military departments, after consulting with the 
Secretary of State, shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on each 
approval under subsection (b) for employment or compensation described 
in subsection (a) for a retired member of the armed forces in general or 
flag officer grade that was issued during the preceding year.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Time period. 37 USC 908 note.>>  Scope of First 
Report.--The first report submitted pursuant to subsection (c) of 
section 908 of title 37, United States Code (as amended by subsection 
(a) of this section), after the date of the enactment of this Act shall 
cover the five-year period ending with the year before the year in which 
such report is submitted.
SEC. 652. REPORT REGARDING TRANSITION FROM OVERSEAS HOUSING 
                        ALLOWANCE TO BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING 
                        FOR SERVICEMEMBERS IN THE TERRITORIES.

    Not later than February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
recommendation of the Secretary whether members of the uniformed 
services located in the territories of the United States and who receive 
the overseas housing allowance should instead receive the basic 
allowance for housing to ensure the most

[[Page 133 STAT. 1432]]

appropriate housing compensation for such members and their families.
SEC. 653. REPORT ON EXTENSION TO MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES OF SPECIAL AND 
                        INCENTIVE PAYS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES NOT CURRENTLY PAYABLE TO MEMBERS OF 
                        THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth the results of a 
study, conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the report, on the 
feasability and advisability of paying eligible members of the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces any special or incentive pay for members 
of the Armed Forces that is not currently payable to members of the 
reserve components.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall set forth 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An estimate of the yearly cost 
        of paying members of the reserve components risk pay and flight 
        pay under sections 334, 334a, and 351 of title 37, United States 
        Code, at the same rate as members on active duty, regardless of 
        the number of periods of instruction or appropriate duty 
        participated in, so long as there is at least one such period of 
        instruction or appropriate duty in the month.
            (2) A statement of the number of members of the reserve 
        components who qualify or potentially qualify for hazardous duty 
        incentive pay based on current professions or required duties, 
        broken out by hazardous duty categories set forth in section 351 
        of title 37, United States Code.
            (3) <<NOTE: Determination. Recommenda- tions.>>  If the 
        Secretary determines that payment to eligible members of the 
        reserve components of any special or incentive pay for members 
        of the Armed Forces that is not currently payable to members of 
        the reserve components is feasible and advisable, such 
        recommendations as the Secretary considers appropriate for 
        legislative or administrative action to authorize such payment.
SEC. 654. STUDY REGARDING RECOUPMENT OF SEPARATION PAY, SPECIAL 
                        SEPARATION BENEFITS, AND VOLUNTARY 
                        SEPARATION INCENTIVE PAYMENTS FROM MEMBERS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES AND VETERANS WHO 
                        RECEIVE DISABILITY COMPENSATION UNDER LAWS 
                        ADMINISTERED BY THE SECRETARY OF VETERANS 
                        AFFAIRS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Study.--The Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall conduct a 
study to determine, with regards to members of the Armed Forces and 
veterans whose separation pay, special separation benefits, and 
voluntary separation incentive payments either Secretary recoups because 
such members and veterans subsequently receive disability compensation 
under laws administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs--
            (1) how many such members and veterans are affected by such 
        recoupment; and
            (2) the aggregated amount of additional money such members 
        and veterans would receive but for such recoupment.

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed

[[Page 133 STAT. 1433]]

Services and Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report regarding the results of the study under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 655. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY RETIREMENT 
                        FUND BASED ON PAY COSTS PER ARMED FORCE 
                        RATHER THAN ON ARMED FORCES-WIDE BASIS.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--Not later than 
        April 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
        with the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report setting forth a plan 
        for the implementation of the amendments described in paragraph 
        (2) as if such amendments would apply with respect to 
        determinations of contributions to the Department of Defense 
        Military Retirement Fund under chapter 74 of title 10, United 
        States Code, and payments into the Fund, beginning with fiscal 
        year 2025.
            (2) Covered amendments.--The amendments described in this 
        paragraph are the amendments proposed to be made by section 631 
        of S.1790 of the 116th Congress, as reported to the Senate by 
        the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate on June 11, 2019.

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan to implement the amendments 
        described in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) in the manner 
        described in paragraph (1) of that subsection.
            (2) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  A timeline for actions required to 
        implement such amendments in that manner.
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the impact of 
        the implementation of such amendments in that manner on each of 
        the following:
                    (A) The budgeting of the military departments.
                    (B) The efforts of the Department of Defense to 
                achieve audits of its financial statements.
                    (C) Decisions on military manning of the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (D) The cost and complexity of tracking 
                contributions to the Department of Defense Military 
                Retirement Fund.
SEC. 656. REPORT ON FOOD INSECURITY AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES AND THEIR DEPENDENTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on food insecurity among 
members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of the current extent of food insecurity 
        among members of the Armed Forces and their dependents, 
        including a description and analysis of the following:
                    (A) Use of food assistance by members and their 
                dependents, as revealed in data of the Department of 
                Defense and other data available to the Department.
                    (B) Use of free and reduced price school meals by 
                dependents.
                    (C) Use of food banks or similar assistance by 
                members and their dependents.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1434]]

            (2) A description and assessment of the barriers, if any, to 
        qualification for or access to adequate food assistance of any 
        type by members of the Armed Forces and their dependents.
            (3) A description of the number of members of the Armed 
        Forces overseas who enrolled in the Family Supplemental 
        Subsistence Allowance (FSSA) program under section 402a of title 
        37, United States Code, during the five-fiscal year period 
        ending with fiscal year 2019, and of the cost to the Department 
        of such enrollment during each fiscal year concerned.
            (4) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Family 
        Supplemental Subsistence Allowance program for members of the 
        Armed Forces overseas.
            (5) A description and assessment of the participation of 
        members of the Armed Forces in the Supplemental Nutrition 
        Assistance Program (SNAP), including with respect to the 
        following:
                    (A) Coordination between the Department of Defense 
                and the Department of Agriculture for purposes of 
                determining the numbers of members currently 
                participating in the program.
                    (B) Career stigma for members resulting from 
                participation in the program.
                    (C) Adverse consequences for member personal 
                financial management resulting from participation in the 
                program.
                    (D) Other support available to and used by members 
                to meet basic needs requirements.
            (6) An assessment of food insecurity among members of the 
        Armed Forces who reside in on-post housing (and thus do not 
        receive basic allowance for housing (BAH)) and their dependents, 
        including eligibility of such members for and participation of 
        such members in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
            (7) An assessment of the feasability and advisability of a 
        basic needs allowance for low-income members of the Armed Forces 
        (including an allowance calculated both with and without basic 
        allowance for housing included in the determination of member 
        gross household income), including with respect to the 
        following:
                    (A) The maximum member gross household income for 
                eligibility for the allowance.
                    (B) The number of members who would be eligible for 
                the allowance.
                    (C) The optimal average annual amount of the 
                allowance.
                    (D) The total annual cost of paying the allowance.
                    (E) Whether particular geographic locations would 
                include large number of members eligible for the 
                allowance.
                    (F) The effects of payment of the allowance on 
                recruitment and retention of members, and on member 
                morale and conduct.
            (8) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Any other recommendations 
        for policies, programs, and activities to address food 
        insecurity among members of the Armed Forces and their 
        dependents that the Secretary considers appropriate.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1435]]

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Modification of eligibility for TRICARE Reserve Select for 
           certain members of the Selected Reserve.
Sec. 702. TRICARE payment options for retirees and their dependents.
Sec. 703. Lead level screening and testing for children.
Sec. 704. Exposure to open burn pits and toxic airborne chemicals or 
           other airborne contaminants as part of periodic health 
           assessments and other physical examinations.
Sec. 705. Enhancement of recordkeeping with respect to exposure by 
           members of the Armed Forces to certain occupational and 
           environmental hazards while deployed overseas.
Sec. 706. Modifications to post-deployment mental health assessments for 
           members of the Armed Forces deployed in support of a 
           contingency operation.
Sec. 707. Provision of blood testing for firefighters of Department of 
           Defense to determine exposure to perfluoroalkyl and 
           polyfluoroalkyl substances.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Modification of organization of military health system.
Sec. 712. Support by military health system of medical requirements of 
           combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Requirements for certain prescription drug labels.
Sec. 714. Officers authorized to command Army dental units.
Sec. 715. Improvements to interagency program office of the Department 
           of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 716. Expansion of strategy to improve acquisition of managed care 
           support contracts under TRICARE program.
Sec. 717. Inclusion of blast exposure history in medical records of 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 718. Comprehensive policy for provision of mental health care to 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 719. Limitation on the realignment or reduction of military medical 
           manning end strength.
Sec. 720. Strategy to recruit and retain mental health providers.
Sec. 721. Development of partnerships to improve combat casualty care 
           for personnel of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 722. Modification to referrals for mental health services.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Authorization of claims by members of the uniformed services 
           against the United States for personal injury or death caused 
           by medical malpractice.
Sec. 732. Extension and clarification of authority for Joint Department 
           of Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
           Demonstration Fund.
Sec. 733. Appointment of non-ex officio members of the Henry M. Jackson 
           Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.
Sec. 734. Establishment of Academic Health System in National Capital 
           Region.
Sec. 735. Provision of veterinary services by veterinary professionals 
           of the Department of Defense in emergencies.
Sec. 736. Three-year extension of authority to continue the DOD-VA 
           Health Care Sharing Incentive Fund.
Sec. 737. Preservation of resources of the Army Medical Research and 
           Materiel Command and continuation as Center of Excellence.
Sec. 738. Encouragement of participation in Women's Health Transition 
           Training pilot program.
Sec. 739. National Guard suicide prevention pilot program.
Sec. 740. Pilot Program on civilian and military partnerships to enhance 
           interoperability and medical surge capability and capacity of 
           National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 741. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
           suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 742. Modification of requirements for longitudinal medical study on 
           blast pressure exposure of members of the Armed Forces and 
           collection of exposure information.
Sec. 743. Study and plan on the use of military-civilian integrated 
           health delivery systems.
Sec. 744. Study on case management in the military health system.
Sec. 745. Report on Global Health Security Strategy and the National 
           Biodefense Security.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1436]]

Sec. 746. Study on establishment of wounded warrior service dog program.
Sec. 747. GAO report on Department of Defense quality assurance program 
           and impacts of medical malpractice actions.
Sec. 748. Reports on Millennium Cohort Study relating to women members 
           of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 749. Study on effects of sleep deprivation on readiness of members 
           of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 750. Study and report on traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. MODIFICATION OF ELIGIBILITY FOR TRICARE RESERVE SELECT 
                        FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE SELECTED 
                        RESERVE.

    Section 1076d(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Paragraph (1) does not apply'' and inserting ``During the 
period preceding January 1, 2030, paragraph (1) does not apply''.
SEC. 702. TRICARE PAYMENT OPTIONS FOR RETIREES AND THEIR 
                        DEPENDENTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1099 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Payment Options.--(1) A member or former member of the 
uniformed services, or a dependent thereof, eligible for medical care 
and dental care under section 1074(b) or 1076 of this title shall pay a 
premium for coverage under this chapter.
    ``(2) To the maximum extent practicable, a premium owed by a member, 
former member, or dependent under paragraph (1) shall be withheld from 
the retired, retainer, or equivalent pay of the member, former member, 
or dependent. In all other cases, a premium shall be paid in a frequency 
and method determined by the Secretary.''.
    (b) Conforming and Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Conforming amendments.--Section 1097a of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (c); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
                as subsections (c), (d), and (e), respectively.
            (2) Heading amendments.--
                    (A) Automatic enrollments.--The heading for section 
                1097a of such title is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments''.
                    (B) Enrollment system and payment options.--The 
                heading for section 1099 of such title is amended to 
                read as follows:
``Sec. 1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options''.
            (3) Clerical amendments.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 55 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 
        prec.>>  is amended--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1437]]

                    (A) by striking the item relating to section 1097a 
                and inserting the following new item:

``1097a. TRICARE Prime: automatic enrollments.''; and

                    (B) by striking the item relating to section 1099 
                and inserting the following new item:

``1099. Health care enrollment system and payment options.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1097a note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall apply to health care coverage beginning on or 
after January 1, 2021.
SEC. 703. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1077 note.>>  LEAD LEVEL SCREENING AND 
                        TESTING FOR CHILDREN.

    (a) Comprehensive Screening, Testing, and Reporting Guidelines.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        clinical practice guidelines for health care providers employed 
        by the Department of Defense on screening, testing, and 
        reporting of blood lead levels in children.
            (2) Use of cdc recommendations.--Guidelines established 
        under paragraph (1) shall reflect recommendations made by the 
        Centers for Disease Control and Prevention with respect to the 
        screening, testing, and reporting of blood lead levels in 
        children.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Dissemination of guidelines.--Not 
        later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Secretary shall disseminate the clinical practice guidelines 
        established under paragraph (1) to health care providers of the 
        Department of Defense.

    (b) Care Provided in Accordance With CDC Guidance.--The Secretary 
shall ensure that any care provided by the Department of Defense to a 
child for an elevated blood lead level shall be carried out in 
accordance with applicable guidance issued by the Centers for Disease 
Control and Prevention.
    (c) Sharing of Results of Testing.--
            (1) In general.--With respect to a child who receives from 
        the Department of Defense a test for an elevated blood lead 
        level--
                    (A) the Secretary shall provide the results of the 
                test to the parent or guardian of the child; and
                    (B) notwithstanding any requirements for the 
                confidentiality of health information under the Health 
                Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 
                (Public Law 104-191), if the results of the test show an 
                abnormal blood lead level or elevated blood lead level, 
                the Secretary shall provide those results and the 
                address at which the child resides to--
                          (i) the relevant health department of the 
                      State in which the child resides if the child 
                      resides in the United States; or
                          (ii) if the child resides outside the United 
                      States--
                                    (I) the Centers for Disease Control 
                                and Prevention;
                                    (II) the appropriate authority of 
                                the country in which the child resides; 
                                and
                                    (III) the primary provider of health 
                                care for the child for follow-up.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1438]]

            (2) State defined.--In this subsection, the term ``State'' 
        means each of the several States, the District of Columbia, the 
        Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession of 
        the United States.

    (d) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report detailing, with respect to the 
period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
the date of the report, the following:
            (1) The number of children who were tested by the Department 
        of Defense for the level of lead in the blood of the child, and 
        of such number, the number who were found to have an elevated 
        blood lead level.
            (2) The number of children who were screened by the 
        Department of Defense for an elevated risk of lead exposure.

    (e) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than January 1, 2022, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report on the effectiveness of screening and testing for lead exposure 
and elevated blood lead levels under chapter 55 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``abnormal blood lead 
level'' and ``elevated blood lead level'' have the meanings given those 
terms by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SEC. 704. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074f note.>>  EXPOSURE TO OPEN BURN PITS 
                        AND TOXIC AIRBORNE CHEMICALS OR OTHER 
                        AIRBORNE CONTAMINANTS AS PART OF PERIODIC 
                        HEALTH ASSESSMENTS AND OTHER PHYSICAL 
                        EXAMINATIONS.

    (a) Periodic Health Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
ensure that any periodic health assessment provided to members of the 
Armed Forces includes an evaluation of whether the member has been--
            (1) based or stationed at a location where an open burn pit 
        was used; or
            (2) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants, including any information recorded as part of the 
        Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.

    (b) Separation History and Physical Examinations.--Section 
1145(a)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the 
end the following new subparagraph:
    ``(C) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that each physical 
examination of a member under subparagraph (A) includes an assessment of 
whether the member was--
            ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open burn 
        pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of the 
        Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 
        2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 note), was used; or
            ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants, including any information recorded as part of the 
        registry established by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs under 
        such section 201.''.

    (c) Deployment Assessments.--Section 1074f(b)(2) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subparagraph:
            ``(D) An assessment of whether the member was--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1439]]

                    ``(i) based or stationed at a location where an open 
                burn pit, as defined in subsection (c) of section 201 of 
                the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits 
                Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 
                527 note), was used; or
                    ``(ii) exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other 
                airborne contaminants, including any information 
                recorded as part of the registry established by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs under such section 201.''.

    (d) Sharing of Information.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Memorandums.>>  DOD-VA.--The Secretary of 
        Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly 
        enter into a memorandum of understanding providing for the 
        sharing by the Department of Defense with the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs of the results of covered evaluations regarding 
        the exposure by a member of the Armed Forces to toxic airborne 
        chemicals or other airborne contaminants.
            (2) Registry.--If a covered evaluation of a member of the 
        Armed Forces establishes that the member was based or stationed 
        at a location where an open burn pit was used or that the member 
        was exposed to toxic airborne chemicals or other airborne 
        contaminants, the member shall be enrolled in the Airborne 
        Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry unless the member elects to 
        not so enroll.

    (e) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section may be construed 
to preclude eligibility for benefits under the laws administered by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs by reason of the open burn pit exposure 
history of a veteran not being recorded in a covered evaluation.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry'' 
        means the registry established by the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs under section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other 
        Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
        38 U.S.C. 527 note).
            (2) The term ``covered evaluation'' means--
                    (A) a periodic health assessment conducted in 
                accordance with subsection (a);
                    (B) a separation history and physical examination 
                conducted under section 1145(a)(5) of title 10, United 
                States Code, as amended by this section; and
                    (C) a deployment assessment conducted under section 
                1074f(b)(2) of such title, as amended by this section.
            (3) The term ``open burn pit'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 201(c) of the Dignified Burial and Other 
        Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 
        38 U.S.C. 527 note).
SEC. 705. ENHANCEMENT OF RECORDKEEPING WITH RESPECT TO EXPOSURE BY 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES TO CERTAIN 
                        OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS 
                        WHILE DEPLOYED OVERSEAS.

    (a) Inclusion in Medical Tracking System of Occupational and 
Environmental Health Risks in Deployment Area.--
            (1) Elements of medical tracking system.--Subsection 
        (b)(1)(A) of section 1074f of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1440]]

                    (A) in clause (ii), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in clause (iii), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new clause:
            ``(iv) accurately record any exposure to occupational and 
        environmental health risks during the course of their 
        deployment.''.
            (2) Recordkeeping.--Subsection (c) of such section is 
        amended by inserting after ``deployment area'' the following: 
        ``(including the results of any assessment performed by the 
        Secretary of occupational and environmental health risks for 
        such area)''.

    (b) Postdeployment Medical Examination and Reassessments.--Section 
1074f of title 10, United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Additional Requirements for Postdeployment Medical 
Examinations and Health Reassessments.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall standardize and make available to a provider that conducts a 
postdeployment medical examination or reassessment under the system 
described in subsection (a) questions relating to occupational and 
environmental health exposure.
    ``(2) The Secretary, to the extent practicable, shall ensure that 
the medical record of a member includes information on the external 
cause relating to a diagnosis of the member, including by associating an 
external cause code (as issued under the International Statistical 
Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision 
(or any successor revision)).''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 38 USC 527 note.>>  Access to Information in Burn Pit 
Registry.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        all medical personnel of the Department of Defense have access 
        to the information contained in the burn pit registry.
            (2) Burn pit registry defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``burn pit registry'' means the registry established under 
        section 201 of the Dignified Burial and Other Veterans' Benefits 
        Improvement Act of 2012 (Public Law 112-260; 38 U.S.C. 527 
        note).
SEC. 706. MODIFICATIONS TO POST-DEPLOYMENT MENTAL HEALTH 
                        ASSESSMENTS FOR MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES DEPLOYED IN SUPPORT OF A 
                        CONTINGENCY OPERATION.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Required Assessments.--Section 
1074m(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subparagraphs (C) and (D) and inserting the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Subject to paragraph (3) and subsection (d), 
                once during the period beginning on the date of 
                redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 
                on the date that is 21 days after the date on which the 
                post-deployment leave of the member terminates.
                    ``(D) Subject to subsection (d), not less than once 
                annually--
                          ``(i) beginning 21 days after the date on 
                      which the post-deployment leave of the member 
                      terminates; or

[[Page 133 STAT. 1441]]

                          ``(ii) if the assessment required by 
                      subparagraph (C) is performed during the period 
                      specified in paragraph (3), beginning 180 days 
                      after the date of redeployment from the 
                      contingency operation.''.

    (b) Exceptions.--Section 1074m(a) of such title, as amended by 
subsection (a), is further amended by striking paragraph (2) and 
inserting the following new paragraphs:
    ``(2) A mental health assessment is not required for a member of the 
armed forces under subparagraphs (C) and (D) of paragraph (1) (including 
an assessment performed pursuant to paragraph (3)) if the Secretary 
determines that providing such assessment to the member during the time 
periods under such subparagraphs would remove the member from forward 
deployment or put members or operational objectives at risk.
    ``(3) A mental health assessment required under subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) may be provided during the period beginning 90 days after 
the date of redeployment from the contingency operation and ending 180 
days after such redeployment date if the Secretary determines that--
            ``(A) an insufficient number of personnel are available to 
        perform the assessment during the time period under such 
        subparagraph; or
            ``(B) an administrative processing issue exists upon the 
        return of the member to the home unit or duty station that would 
        prohibit the effective performance of the assessment during such 
        time period.''.

    (c) Elimination of Sunset for Assessments During Deployment.--
Section 1074m(a)(1)(B) of such title is amended by striking ``Until 
January 1, 2019, once'' and inserting ``Once''.
    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074m note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by subsections (a) and (b) shall apply with respect to a date of 
redeployment that is on or after January 1, 2020.
SEC. 707. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074m note.>>  PROVISION OF BLOOD TESTING 
                        FOR FIREFIGHTERS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        TO DETERMINE EXPOSURE TO PERFLUOROALKYL 
                        AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  In General.--Beginning on October 1, 
2020, the Secretary of Defense shall provide blood testing to determine 
and document potential exposure to perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl 
substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'') for each firefighter of the 
Department of Defense during the annual physical exam conducted by the 
Department for each such firefighter.

    (b) Firefighter Defined.--In this section, the term ``firefighter'' 
means someone whose primary job or military occupational specialty is 
being a firefighter.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. MODIFICATION OF ORGANIZATION OF MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.

    (a) Administration of Military Medical Treatment Facilities.--
Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1442]]

                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), 
                (D), (E), and (F) as subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (G), 
                (H), and (I), respectively;
                    (B) by inserting before subparagraph (C), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the 
                following new subparagraphs:
            ``(A) provision and delivery of health care within each such 
        facility;
            ``(B) management of privileging, scope of practice, and 
        quality of health care provided within each such facility;''; 
        and
                    (C) by inserting after subparagraph (E), as so 
                redesignated, the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) supply and equipment;'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (D), (E), (F), 
                and (G) as subparagraphs (E), (F), (H), and (I), 
                respectively;
                    (B) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following new subparagraph (D):
            ``(D) to identify the capacity of each military medical 
        treatment facility to support clinical readiness standards of 
        health care providers established by the Secretary of a military 
        department or the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
        Affairs;'' and
                    (C) by striking subparagraph (F), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, and inserting the 
                following new subparagraphs:
            ``(F) <<NOTE: Determination. Coordination.>>  to determine, 
        in coordination with each Secretary of a military department, 
        manning, including joint manning, assigned to military medical 
        treatment facilities and intermediary organizations;
            ``(G) to select, after considering nominations from the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, commanders or directors 
        of military medical treatment facilities;''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) by inserting ``on behalf of the military 
                      departments,'' before ``ensuring''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and civilian employees''; 
                      and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``on behalf of 
                the Defense Health Agency,'' before ``furnishing''.

    (b) DHA Assistant Director.--Subsection (b)(2) of such section is 
amended by striking ``equivalent education and experience'' and all that 
follows and inserting ``the education and experience to perform the 
responsibilities of the position.''.
    (c) DHA Deputy Assistant Directors.--Subsection (c) of such section 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)(B), by striking ``across the military 
        health system'' and inserting ``at military medical treatment 
        facilities''; and
            (2) in paragraph (4)(B), by inserting ``at military medical 
        treatment facilities'' before the period at the end.

    (d) Treatment of Department of Defense for Purposes of Personnel 
Assignment.--Such section is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

[[Page 133 STAT. 1443]]

    ``(f) Treatment of Department of Defense for Purposes of Personnel 
Assignment.--In implementing this section--
            ``(1) the Department of Defense shall be considered a single 
        agency for purposes of civilian personnel assignment under title 
        5; and
            ``(2) the Secretary of Defense may reassign any employee of 
        a component of the Department of Defense or a military 
        department in a position in the civil service (as defined in 
        section 2101 of title 5) to any other component of the 
        Department of Defense or military department.''.

    (e) Military Medical Treatment Facility.--Subsection (g) of such 
section, as redesignated by subsection (d)(1), is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  The term `military medical 
        treatment facility' means--
                    ``(A) any fixed facility of the Department of 
                Defense that is outside of a deployed environment and 
                used primarily for health care; and
                    ``(B) any other location used for purposes of 
                providing health care services as designated by the 
                Secretary of Defense.''.

    (f) Technical Amendments.--Subsection (a) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``paragraph (4)'' and 
        inserting ``paragraph (5)'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6);
            (3) by redesignating the first paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (4) by moving the second paragraph (4) so as to appear 
        before paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of this 
        subsection.
SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
                        REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) In General.--Section 712 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) 
is <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073c note.>>  amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
        follows:
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
        through the Secretaries of the military departments, the Defense 
        Health Agency, and the Joint Staff, implement an organizational 
        framework of the military health system that effectively and 
        efficiently implements chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
        Code, to maximize the readiness of the medical force, promote 
        interoperability, and integrate medical capabilities of the 
        Armed Forces in order to enhance joint military medical 
        operations in support of requirements of the combatant 
        commands.'';
            (2) in subsection (e), by redesignating paragraphs (2) and 
        (3) as paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively, and by moving such 
        paragraphs so as to appear at the end of subsection (d);
            (3) by striking subsection (e), as amended by paragraph (2) 
        of this subsection;
            (4) by redesignating subsections (b) through (d) as 
        subsections (c) through (e), respectively;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1444]]

            (5) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):

    ``(b) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed Forces.--
The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces shall have the following 
duties:
            ``(1) To ensure the readiness for operational deployment of 
        medical and dental personnel and deployable medical or dental 
        teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
            ``(2) To meet medical readiness standards, subject to 
        standards and metrics established by the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Health Affairs.
            ``(3) With respect to uniformed medical and dental personnel 
        of the military department concerned--
                    ``(A) to assign such personnel--
                          ``(i) primarily to military medical treatment 
                      facilities, under the operational control of the 
                      commander or director of the facility; or
                          ``(ii) secondarily to partnerships with 
                      civilian or other medical facilities for training 
                      activities specific to such military department; 
                      and
                    ``(B) to maintain readiness of such personnel for 
                operational deployment.
            ``(4) To provide logistical support for operational 
        deployment of medical and dental personnel and deployable 
        medical or dental teams or units of the Armed Force or Armed 
        Forces concerned.
            ``(5) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
        connection with the operational deployment of medical and dental 
        personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces concerned.
            ``(6) To develop operational medical capabilities required 
        to support the warfighter, and to develop policy relating to 
        such capabilities.
            ``(7) To provide health professionals to serve in leadership 
        positions across the military healthcare system.
            ``(8) To deliver operational clinical services under the 
        operational control of the combatant commands--
                    ``(A) on ships and planes; and
                    ``(B) on installations outside of military medical 
                treatment facilities.
            ``(9) To manage privileging, scope of practice, and quality 
        of health care in the settings described in paragraph (8).'';
            (6) in subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Agency'' before ``Regions''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the paragraph heading, by inserting 
                      ``Agency'' before ``regions''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``defense health'' and 
                      inserting ``Defense Health Agency'';
            (7) in subsection (d), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting 
                ``Agency'' before ``Regions'';

[[Page 133 STAT. 1445]]

                    (B) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``defense health'' and inserting ``Defense 
                Health Agency''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``subsection (b)'' 
                and inserting ``subsection (c)''; and
            (8) in subsection (e), as redesignated by paragraph (4) of 
        this subsection--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by amending subparagraph (A) to read as 
                      follows:
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  In general.--The 
                Secretaries of the military departments shall coordinate 
                with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff to direct 
                resources allocated to the military departments to 
                support requirements related to readiness and 
                operational medicine support that are established by the 
                combatant commands and validated by the Joint Staff.''; 
                and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), in the matter 
                      preceding clause (i), by striking ``Based on'' and 
                      all that follows through ``shall--'' and inserting 
                      ``The Director of the Defense Health Agency, in 
                      coordination with the Assistant Secretary of 
                      Defense for Health Affairs, shall--'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), as moved and redesignated by 
                paragraph (2) of this subsection, in the second 
                sentence--
                          (i) by inserting ``primarily'' before 
                      ``through''; and
                          (ii) by inserting``, in coordination with the 
                      Secretaries of the military departments,'' after 
                      ``the Defense Health Agency''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) Manpower.--
                    ``(A) Administrative control of military 
                personnel.--Each Secretary of a military department 
                shall exercise administrative control of members of the 
                Armed Forces assigned to military medical treatment 
                facilities, including personnel assignment and issuance 
                of military orders.
                    ``(B) Oversight of certain personnel by the director 
                of the defense health agency.--In situations in which 
                members of the Armed Forces provide health care services 
                at a military medical treatment facility, the Director 
                of the Defense Health Agency shall maintain operational 
                control over such members and oversight for the 
                provision of care delivered by such members through 
                policies, procedures, and privileging responsibilities 
                of the military medical treatment facility.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Heading amendment.--The heading for section 712 of the 
        John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073c note.>>  is 
        amended to read as follows:

[[Page 133 STAT. 1446]]

``SEC. 712. SUPPORT BY MILITARY HEALTHCARE SYSTEM OF MEDICAL 
                        REQUIREMENTS OF COMBATANT COMMANDS.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of contents for such Act 
        is amended by striking the item relating to section 712 and 
        inserting the following new item:

``Sec. 712. Support by military healthcare system of medical 
           requirements of combatant commands.''.

SEC. 713. REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN PRESCRIPTION DRUG LABELS.

    (a) Requirement.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (h) and (i) as subsections 
        (i) and (j), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (g) the following new 
        subsection (h):

    ``(h) Labeling.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that drugs 
made available through the facilities of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary include labels and other labeling that are 
in compliance with the requirements of the Federal Food, Drug, and 
Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 301 et seq.).''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (b)(1) of such section is 
amended by striking ``under subsection (h)'' and inserting ``under 
subsection (j)''.
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 1074g note.>>  Implementation.--
Beginning not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement subsection (h) of section 
1074g of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a).
SEC. 714. OFFICERS AUTHORIZED TO COMMAND ARMY DENTAL UNITS.

    Section 7081(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``Dental Corps Officer'' and inserting ``commissioned officer 
of the Army Medical Department''.
SEC. 715. IMPROVEMENTS TO INTERAGENCY PROGRAM OFFICE OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AND THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) Leadership.--Subsection (c) of section 1635 of the Wounded 
Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Leadership.--
            ``(1) Director.--The Director of the Office shall be the 
        head of the Office.
            ``(2) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director of the Office 
        shall be the deputy head of the Office and shall assist the 
        Director in carrying out the duties of the Director.
            ``(3) Reporting.--The Director shall report directly to the 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense and the Deputy Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs.
            ``(4) Appointments.--
                    ``(A) Director.--The Director shall be appointed by 
                the Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs, for a fixed term of four 
                years. For the subsequent term, the Secretary of 
                Veterans Affairs, with the concurrence of the Secretary 
                of Defense, shall appoint the Director for a fixed term 
                of four years, and thereafter, the appointment of the 
                Director for a fixed term of four years shall alternate 
                between the Secretaries.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1447]]

                    ``(B) Deputy director.--The Deputy Director shall be 
                appointed by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with the 
                concurrence of the Secretary of Defense, for a fixed 
                term of four years. For the subsequent term, the 
                Secretary of Defense, with the concurrence of the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall appoint the Deputy 
                Director for a fixed term of four years, and thereafter, 
                the appointment of the Deputy Director for a fixed term 
                of four years shall alternate between the Secretaries.
                    ``(C) Minimum qualifications.--The Secretary of 
                Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
                jointly develop qualification requirements for the 
                Director and the Deputy Director. Such requirements 
                shall ensure that, at a minimum, the Director and Deputy 
                Director, individually or together, meet the following 
                qualifications:
                          ``(i) Significant experience at a senior 
                      management level fielding enterprise-wide 
                      technology in a health care setting, or business 
                      systems in the public or private sector.
                          ``(ii) Credentials for enterprise-wide program 
                      management.
                          ``(iii) Significant experience leading 
                      implementation of complex organizational change by 
                      integrating the input of experts from various 
                      disciplines, such as clinical, business, 
                      management, informatics, and technology.
            ``(5) Succession.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop a leadership 
        succession process for the Office.
            ``(6) Additional guidance.--The Department of Veterans 
        Affairs-Department of Defense Joint Executive Committee may 
        provide guidance in the discharge of the functions of the Office 
        under this section.
            ``(7) <<NOTE: Testimony. Briefing.>>  Information to 
        congress.--Upon request by any of the appropriate committees of 
        Congress, the Director and the Deputy Director shall testify 
        before such committee, or provide a briefing or otherwise 
        provide requested information to such committee, regarding the 
        discharge of the functions of the Office under this section.''.

    (b) Authority.--Paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The Office 
shall carry out decision making authority delegated to the Office by the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans Affairs with respect 
to the definition, coordination, and management of functional, 
technical, and programmatic activities that are jointly used, carried 
out, and shared by the Departments.''.
    (c) Purposes.--Paragraph (2) of subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Strategy.>>  To develop and implement 
                a comprehensive interoperability strategy, which shall 
                include--
                          ``(i) the Electronic Health Record 
                      Modernization Program of the Department of 
                      Veterans Affairs; and
                          ``(ii) the Healthcare Management System 
                      Modernization Program of the Department of 
                      Defense.
                    ``(D) To pursue the highest level of 
                interoperability for the delivery of health care by the 
                Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1448]]

                    ``(E) To accelerate the exchange of health care 
                information between the Departments, and advances in the 
                health information technology marketplace, in order to 
                support the delivery of health care by the Departments.
                    ``(F) To collect the operational and strategic 
                requirements of the Departments relating to the strategy 
                under subsection (a) and communicate such requirements 
                and activities to the Office of the National Coordinator 
                for Health Information Technology of the Department of 
                Health and Human Services for the purpose of 
                implementing title IV of the 21st Century Cures Act 
                (division A of Public Law 114-255), and the amendments 
                made by that title, and other objectives of the Office 
                of the National Coordinator for Health Information 
                Technology.
                    ``(G) To plan for and effectuate the broadest 
                possible implementation of standards, specifically with 
                respect to the Fast Healthcare Interoperability 
                Resources standard or successor standard, the evolution 
                of such standards, and the obsolescence of such 
                standards.
                    ``(H) To actively engage with national and 
                international health standards setting organizations, 
                including by taking membership in such organizations, to 
                ensure that standards established by such organizations 
                meet the needs of the Departments pursuant to the 
                strategy under subsection (a), and oversee and approve 
                adoption of and mapping to such standards by the 
                Departments.
                    ``(I) To express the content and format of health 
                data of the Departments using a common language to 
                improve the exchange of data between the Departments and 
                with the private sector, and to ensure that clinicians 
                of the Departments have access to integrated, 
                computable, comprehensive health records of patients.
                    ``(J) To inform the Chief Information Officer of the 
                Department of Defense and the Chief Information Officer 
                of the Department of Veterans Affairs of any activities 
                of the Office affecting or relevant to cybersecurity.
                    ``(K) To establish an environment that will enable 
                and encourage the adoption by the Departments of 
                innovative technologies for health care delivery.
                    ``(L) To leverage data integration to advance health 
                research and develop an evidence base for the health 
                care programs of the Departments.
                    ``(M) To prioritize the use of open systems 
                architecture by the Departments.
                    ``(N) To ensure ownership and control by patients of 
                personal health information and data in a manner 
                consistent with applicable law.
                    ``(O) To prevent contractors of the Departments or 
                other non-departmental entities from owning or having 
                exclusive control over patient health data, for the 
                purposes of protecting patient privacy and enhancing 
                opportunities for innovation.
                    ``(P) To implement a single lifetime longitudinal 
                personal health record between the Department of Defense 
                and the Department of Veterans Affairs.
                    ``(Q) To attain interoperability capabilities--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1449]]

                          ``(i) sufficient to enable the provision of 
                      seamless health care by health care facilities and 
                      providers of the Departments, as well as private 
                      sector facilities and providers contracted by the 
                      Departments; and
                          ``(ii) that are more adaptable and far 
                      reaching than those achievable through 
                      biodirectional information exchange between 
                      electronic health records of the exchange of read-
                      only data alone.
                    ``(R) To make maximum use of open-application 
                program interfaces and the Fast Healthcare 
                Interoperability Resources standard (or successor 
                standard).''.

    (d) Implementation Milestones.--Subsection (e) of such section is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Implementation Milestones.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Contracts. Deadline.>>  Evaluation.--With 
        respect to the electronic health record systems of the 
        Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs, 
        the Office shall seek to enter into an agreement with an 
        independent entity to conduct an evaluation by not later than 
        October 1, 2021 of the following:
                    ``(A) Whether a clinician of the Department of 
                Defense, can access, and meaningfully interact with, a 
                complete patient health record of a veteran, from a 
                military medical treatment facility.
                    ``(B) Whether a clinician of the Department of 
                Veterans Affairs can access, and meaningfully interact 
                with, a complete patient health record of a member of 
                the Armed Forces serving on active duty, from a medical 
                center of the Department of Veterans Affairs.
                    ``(C) Whether clinicians of the Departments can 
                access, and meaningfully interact with, the data 
                elements of the health record of a patient who is a 
                veteran or is a member of the Armed Forces which are 
                generated when the individual receives health care from 
                a community care provider of the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs or a TRICARE program provider of the Department 
                of Defense.
                    ``(D) Whether a community care provider of the 
                Department of the Veterans Affairs and a TRICARE program 
                provider of the Department of Defense on a Health 
                Information Exchange-supported electronic health record 
                can access patient health records of veterans and 
                active-duty members of the Armed Forces from the system 
                of the provider.
                    ``(E) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of 
                interoperability between the legacy electronic health 
                record systems and the future electronic health record 
                systems of the Department of Veterans Affairs and the 
                Department of Defense.
                    ``(F) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                use of interoperable content between--
                          ``(i) the legacy electronic health record 
                      systems and the future electronic health record 
                      systems of the Department of Veterans Affairs and 
                      the Department of Defense; and
                          ``(ii) third-party applications.
            ``(2) System configuration management.--The Office shall--
                    ``(A) maintain the common configuration baseline for 
                the electronic health record systems of the Department 
                of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1450]]

                    ``(B) continually evaluate the state of 
                configuration and the impacts on interoperability; and
                    ``(C) promote the enhancement of such electronic 
                health records systems.
            ``(3) Consultation.--
                    ``(A) Annual meeting required.--Not less than once 
                per year, the Office shall convene a meeting of clinical 
                staff from the Department of Defense, the Department of 
                Veterans Affairs, the Coast Guard, community providers, 
                and other leading clinical experts, for the purpose of 
                assessing the state of clinical use of the electronic 
                health record systems and whether the systems are 
                meeting clinical and patient needs.
                    ``(B) Recommendations.--Clinical staff participating 
                in a meeting under subparagraph (A) shall make 
                recommendations to the Office on the need for any 
                improvements or concerns with the electronic health 
                record systems.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Clinical and patient 
        satisfaction survey.--Beginning October 1, 2021, and on at least 
        a biannual basis thereafter until 2025 at the earliest, the 
        Office shall undertake a clinician and patient satisfaction 
        survey regarding clinical use and patient experience with the 
        electronic health record systems of the Department of Defense 
        and the Department of Veterans Affairs.''.

    (e) Resources and Staffing.--Subsection (g) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting before the period at the 
        end the following: ``, including the assignment of clinical or 
        technical personnel of the Department of Defense or the 
        Department of Veterans Affairs to the Office''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) Cost sharing.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans shall enter into an agreement on cost 
        sharing and providing resources for the operations and staffing 
        of the Office.
            ``(4) Hiring authority.--The Secretary of Defense and the 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall delegate to the Director the 
        authority under title 5, United States Code, regarding 
        appointments in the competitive service to hire personnel of the 
        Office.''.

    (f) Reports.--Subsection (h) of such section is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(h) Reports.--
            ``(1) Annual reports.--Not later than September 30, 2020, 
        and each year thereafter through 2024, the Director shall submit 
        to the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Veterans 
        Affairs, and to the appropriate committees of Congress, a report 
        on the activities of the Office during the preceding calendar 
        year. Each report shall include the following:
                    ``(A) A detailed description of the activities of 
                the Office during the year covered by such report, 
                including a detailed description of the amounts expended 
                and the purposes for which expended.
                    ``(B) With respect to the objectives of the strategy 
                under paragraph (2)(C) of subsection (b), and the 
                purposes of the Office under such subsection--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1451]]

                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  a discussion, 
                      description, and assessment of the progress made 
                      by the Department of Defense and the Department of 
                      Veterans Affairs during the preceding calendar 
                      year; and
                          ``(ii) a discussion and description of the 
                      goals of the Department of Defense and the 
                      Department of Veterans Affairs for the following 
                      calendar year, including updates to strategies and 
                      plans.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Financial summary. Assessment.>>  A 
                detailed financial summary of the activities of the 
                Office, including the funds allocated to the Office by 
                each Department, the expenditures made, and an 
                assessment as to whether the current funding is 
                sufficient to carry out the activities of the Office.
                    ``(D) A detailed description of the status of each 
                of the implementation milestones, including the nature 
                of the evaluation, methodology for testing, and findings 
                with respect to each milestone under subsection (e).
                    ``(E) A detailed description of the state of the 
                configuration baseline, including any activities which 
                decremented or enhanced the state of configuration under 
                subsection (e).
                    ``(F) With respect to the annual meeting required 
                under subsection (e)(3)--
                          ``(i) a detailed description of activities, 
                      assessments, and recommendations relating to such 
                      meeting; and
                          ``(ii) the response of the Office to any such 
                      recommendations.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Availability.--Each 
        report under this subsection shall be made publicly 
        available.''.

    (g) Definitions.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection (k):
    ``(k) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `appropriate congressional committees' 
        means--
                    ``(A) the congressional defense committees; and
                    ``(B) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the 
                House of Representatives and the Senate.
            ``(2) The term `configuration baseline' means a fixed 
        reference in the development cycle or an agreed-upon 
        specification of a product at a point in time that serves as a 
        documented basis for defining incremental change in all aspects 
        of an information technology product.
            ``(3) The term `Electronic Health Record Modernization 
        Program' has the meaning given that term in section 503 of the 
        Veterans Benefits and Transition Act of 2018 (Public Law 115-
        407; 132 Stat. 5376).
            ``(4) The term `interoperability' means the ability of 
        different information systems, devices, or applications to 
        connect, regardless of the technology platform or the location 
        where care is provided--
                    ``(A) in a coordinated and secure manner, within and 
                across organizational boundaries, and across the 
                complete spectrum of care, including all applicable care 
                settings;
                    ``(B) with relevant stakeholders, including the 
                person whose information is being shared, to access, 
                exchange,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1452]]

                integrate, and use computable data regardless of the 
                origin or destination of the data or the applications 
                employed;
                    ``(C) with the capability to reliably exchange 
                information without error;
                    ``(D) with the ability to interpret and to make 
                effective use of such exchanged information;
                    ``(E) with the ability for information that can be 
                used to advance patient care to move between health care 
                entities; and
                    ``(F) without additional intervention by the end 
                user.
            ``(5) The term `meaningfully interact' means the ability to 
        view, consume, act upon, and edit information in a clinical 
        setting to facilitate high-quality clinical decision making.
            ``(6) The term `seamless health care' means health care 
        which is optimized through access by patients and clinicians to 
        integrated, relevant, and complete information about the 
        clinical experiences of the patient, social and environmental 
        determinants of health, and health trends over time, in order to 
        enable patients and clinicians to--
                    ``(A) move efficiently within and across 
                organizational boundaries;
                    ``(B) make high-quality decisions; and
                    ``(C) effectively carry out complete plans of care.
            ``(7) The term `Secretary concerned' means--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Defense, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Department of Defense;
                    ``(B) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, with 
                respect to matters concerning the Department of Veterans 
                Affairs; and
                    ``(C) the Secretary of Homeland Security, with 
                respect to matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is 
                not operating as a service in the Department of the 
                Navy.
            ``(8) The term `TRICARE program' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.''.

    (h) Interoperability Strategy.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Director shall submit to each 
        Secretary concerned and to the appropriate congressional 
        committees a report that contains a comprehensive 
        interoperability strategy with respect to electronic health 
        records jointly developed by the Secretary of Defense and 
        Secretary of Veterans Affairs, including any accompanying or 
        associated implementation plans and supporting plans.
            (2) Elements.--The comprehensive interoperability strategy 
        under paragraph (1) shall discuss the purposes described in 
        paragraphs (K) through (R) of section 1635(b)(2) of the Wounded 
        Warrior Act (title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 
        note), as amended by subsection (c).
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means--
                          (i) the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                      Senate and the House of Representatives; and
                          (ii) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
                      the Senate and the House of Representatives.
                    (B) The term ``Director'' means the individual 
                described in section 1635(c) of the Wounded Warrior Act 
                (title XVI

[[Page 133 STAT. 1453]]

                of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), as amended 
                by subsection (a).
                    (C) The term ``interoperability'' has the meaning 
                given that term in subsection (k) of such section, as 
                added by subsection (g).

    (i) Conforming Repeal.--Section 713 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 (Public Law 113-66; 10 U.S.C. 
1071 note) is repealed.
SEC. 716. EXPANSION OF STRATEGY TO IMPROVE ACQUISITION OF MANAGED 
                        CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTS UNDER TRICARE 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 705(c)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1073a note) is amended, 
in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``, other than 
overseas medical support contracts''.
SEC. 717. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>>  INCLUSION OF BLAST EXPOSURE 
                        HISTORY IN MEDICAL RECORDS OF MEMBERS OF 
                        THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Requirement.--If a covered incident 
occurs with respect to a member of the Armed Forces, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall document blast exposure history in the medical record 
of the member to assist in determining whether a future illness or 
injury of the member is service-connected and inform future blast 
exposure risk mitigation efforts of the Department of Defense.

    (b) Elements.--A blast exposure history under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) The date of the exposure.
            (2) The duration of the exposure, and, if known, the 
        measured blast pressure experienced by the individual during 
        such exposure.
            (3) Whether the exposure occurred during combat or training.

    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the types of information included in a blast exposure history under 
subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Incident Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
incident'' means a concussive event or injury that requires a military 
acute concussive evaluation by a skilled health care provider.
SEC. 718. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1074 note.>>  COMPREHENSIVE POLICY FOR 
                        PROVISION OF MENTAL HEALTH CARE TO MEMBERS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Policy Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
Readiness, shall develop and implement a comprehensive policy for the 
provision of mental health care to members of the Armed Forces.

    (b) Elements.--The policy under subsection (a) shall address each of 
the following:
            (1) The compliance of health professionals in the military 
        health system engaged in the provision of health care services 
        to members with clinical practice guidelines for--
                    (A) suicide prevention;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1454]]

                    (B) medication-assisted therapy for alcohol use 
                disorders; and
                    (C) medication-assisted therapy for opioid use 
                disorders.
            (2) The access and availability of mental health care 
        services to members who are victims of sexual assault or 
        domestic violence.
            (3) The availability of naloxone reversal capability on 
        military installations.
            (4) The promotion of referrals of members by civilian health 
        care providers to military medical treatment facilities when 
        such members are--
                    (A) at high risk for suicide and diagnosed with a 
                psychiatric disorder; or
                    (B) receiving treatment for opioid use disorders.
            (5) The provision of comprehensive behavioral health 
        treatment to members of the reserve components that takes into 
        account the unique challenges associated with the deployment 
        pattern of such members and the difficulty such members 
        encounter post-deployment with respect to accessing such 
        treatment in civilian communities.

    (c) Consideration.--In developing the policy under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense shall solicit and consider recommendations from 
the Secretaries of the military departments and the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff regarding the feasibility of implementation and 
execution of particular elements of the policy.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the implementation of the policy under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 719. LIMITATION ON THE REALIGNMENT OR REDUCTION OF MILITARY 
                        MEDICAL MANNING END STRENGTH.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided by subsection (d), the Secretary 
of Defense and the Secretaries concerned may not realign or reduce 
military medical end strength authorizations until--
            (1) each review is conducted under paragraph (1) of 
        subsection (b);
            (2) each analysis is conducted under paragraph (2) of such 
        subsection;
            (3) the measurement is developed under paragraph (3) of such 
        subsection;
            (4) each plan and forum is provided under paragraph (4) of 
        such subsection; and
            (5) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  a period of 90 days elapses 
        following the date on which the Secretary submits the report 
        under subsection (c).

    (b) Reviews, Analyses, and Other Information.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Review.--Each Secretary 
        concerned, in coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff, shall conduct a review of the medical manpower 
        requirements of the military department of the Secretary that 
        accounts for all national defense strategy scenarios.
            (2) Analyses.--With respect to each military medical 
        treatment facility that would be affected by a proposed military 
        medical end strength realignment or reduction, the Secretary 
        concerned shall conduct an analysis that--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1455]]

                    (A) identifies affected billets; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  includes a plan for mitigating 
                any potential gap in health care services caused by such 
                realignment or reduction.
            (3) Measurement.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  develop a standard 
                measurement for network adequacy to determine the 
                capacity of the local health care network to provide 
                care for covered beneficiaries in the area of a military 
                medical treatment facility that would be affected by a 
                proposed military medical end strength realignment or 
                reduction; and
                    (B) use such measurement in carrying out this 
                section and otherwise evaluating proposed military 
                medical end strength realignment or reductions.
            (4) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide to 
        each member of the Armed Forces and covered beneficiary located 
        in the area of a military medical treatment facility that would 
        be affected by a proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reduction the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A transition plan for 
                continuity of health care services.
                    (B) A public forum to discuss the concerns of the 
                member and covered beneficiary regarding such proposed 
                realignment or reduction.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
on the proposed military medical end strength realignments or 
reductions, including--
            (1) the reviews, analyses, and other information developed 
        under subsection (b); and
            (2) a description of the actions the Secretary plans to take 
        with respect to such proposed realignments or reductions.

    (d) Exception.--
            (1) In general.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
        apply--
                    (A) to administrative billets of a medical 
                department of a military department that have remained 
                unfilled since at least October 1, 2018;
                    (B) to billets identified as non-clinical in the 
                budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted 
                to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United 
                States Code, except that the amount of such billets 
                shall not exceed 1,700; and
                    (C) to medical headquarters billets of the military 
                departments not assigned or directly supporting to 
                operational commands.
            (2) Determination prior to realignment or reduction.--The 
        Secretary concerned may realign or reduce a billet described in 
        paragraph (1) if the Secretary determines that such realignment 
        or reduction does not affect the provision of health care 
        services to members of the Armed Forces or covered 
        beneficiaries.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered beneficiary'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1456]]

            (2) The term ``proposed military medical end strength 
        realignment or reduction'' means a realignment or reduction of 
        military medical end strength authorizations as proposed by the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2020 submitted to 
        Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States 
        Code.
            (3) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
                    (A) the Secretary of the Army, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Army;
                    (B) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Navy, the Marine Corps, and the 
                Coast Guard when it is operating as a service in the 
                Department of the Navy; and
                    (C) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to 
                matters concerning the Air Force.
SEC. 720. STRATEGY TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS.

    Not later <<NOTE: Reports.>>  than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that--
            (1) describes the shortage of mental health providers of the 
        Department of Defense;
            (2) explains the reasons for such shortage;
            (3) explains the effect of such shortage on members of the 
        Armed Forces; and
            (4) contains a strategy to better recruit and retain mental 
        health providers, including with respect to psychiatrists, 
        psychologists, mental health nurse practitioners, licensed 
        social workers, and other licensed providers of the military 
        health system, in a manner that addresses the need for cultural 
        competence and diversity among such mental health providers.
SEC. 721. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>>  DEVELOPMENT OF PARTNERSHIPS 
                        TO IMPROVE COMBAT CASUALTY CARE FOR 
                        PERSONNEL OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Partnerships.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, through the Joint 
        Trauma Education and Training Directorate established under 
        section 708 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), may develop 
        partnerships with civilian academic medical centers and large 
        metropolitan teaching hospitals to improve combat casualty care 
        for personnel of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Partnerships with level i trauma centers.--In carrying 
        out partnerships under paragraph (1), trauma surgeons and 
        physicians of the Department of Defense may partner with level I 
        civilian trauma centers to provide training and readiness for 
        the next generation of medical providers to treat critically 
        injured burn patients.

    (b) Support of Partnerships.--The Secretary of Defense may make 
every effort to support partnerships under the Joint Trauma Education 
and Training Directorate with academic institutions that have level I 
civilian trauma centers, specifically those centers with a burn center, 
that offer burn rotations and clinical experience to provide training 
and readiness for the next generation of medical providers to treat 
critically injured burn patients.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1457]]

    (c) Level I Civilian Trauma Center Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``level I civilian trauma center'' has the meaning given that term 
in section 708 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
SEC. 722. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>>  MODIFICATION TO REFERRALS 
                        FOR MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES.

    If the Secretary <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  of Defense is unable to 
provide mental health services in a military medical treatment facility 
to a member of the Armed Forces within 15 days of the date on which such 
services are first requested by the member, the Secretary may refer the 
member to a provider under the TRICARE program (as that term is defined 
in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) to receive such 
services.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 731. AUTHORIZATION OF CLAIMS BY MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                        SERVICES AGAINST THE UNITED STATES FOR 
                        PERSONAL INJURY OR DEATH CAUSED BY MEDICAL 
                        MALPRACTICE.

    (a) Medical Malpractice Claims.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 163 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2733 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2733a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2733a.>>  Medical malpractice claims 
                    by members of the uniformed services

    ``(a) In General.--Consistent with this section and under such 
regulations as the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe under subsection 
(f), the Secretary may allow, settle, and pay a claim against the United 
States for personal injury or death incident to the service of a member 
of the uniformed services that was caused by the medical malpractice of 
a Department of Defense health care provider.
    ``(b) Requirement for Claims.--A claim may be allowed, settled, and 
paid under subsection (a) only if--
            ``(1) the claim is filed by the member of the uniformed 
        services who is the subject of the medical malpractice claimed, 
        or by an authorized representative on behalf of such member who 
        is deceased or otherwise unable to file the claim due to 
        incapacitation;
            ``(2) the claim is for personal injury or death caused by 
        the negligent or wrongful act or omission of a Department of 
        Defense health care provider in the performance of medical, 
        dental, or related health care functions while such provider was 
        acting within the scope of employment;
            ``(3) the act or omission constituting medical malpractice 
        occurred in a covered military medical treatment facility;
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  the claim is presented to the 
        Department in writing within two years after the claim accrues;
            ``(5) the claim is not allowed to be settled and paid under 
        any other provision of law; and
            ``(6) the claim is substantiated as prescribed in 
        regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense under 
        subsection (f).

[[Page 133 STAT. 1458]]

    ``(c) Liability.--(1) The Department of Defense is liable for only 
the portion of compensable injury, loss, or damages attributable to the 
medical malpractice of a Department of Defense health care provider.
    ``(2) The Department of Defense shall not be liable for the attorney 
fees of a claimant under this section.
    ``(d) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Payment of Claims.--(1) If the 
Secretary of Defense determines, pursuant to regulations prescribed by 
the Secretary under subsection (f), that a claim under this section in 
excess of $100,000 is meritorious, and the claim is otherwise payable 
under this section, the Secretary may pay the claimant $100,000 and 
report any meritorious amount in excess of $100,000 to the Secretary of 
the Treasury for payment under section 1304 of title 31.

    ``(2) Except as provided in paragraph (1), no claim may be paid 
under this section unless the amount tendered is accepted by the 
claimant in full satisfaction.
    ``(e) Reporting Medical Malpractice.--Not later than 30 days after a 
determination of medical malpractice or the payment of all or part of a 
claim under this section, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Director of the Defense Health Agency a report documenting such 
determination or payment to be used by the Director for all necessary 
and appropriate purposes, including medical quality assurance.
    ``(f) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to implement this section.
    ``(2) Regulations prescribed by the Secretary under paragraph (1) 
shall include the following:
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  Policies and procedures to 
        ensure the timely, efficient, and effective processing and 
        administration of claims under this section, including--
                    ``(i) the filing, receipt, investigation, and 
                evaluation of a claim;
                    ``(ii) the negotiation, settlement, and payment of a 
                claim;
                    ``(iii) such other matters relating to the 
                processing and administration of a claim, including an 
                administrative appeals process, as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Standards.>>  Uniform standards consistent 
        with generally accepted standards used in a majority of States 
        in adjudicating claims under chapter 171 of title 28 (commonly 
        known as the `Federal Tort Claims Act') to be applied to the 
        evaluation, settlement, and payment of claims under this section 
        without regard to the place of occurrence of the medical 
        malpractice giving rise to the claim or the military department 
        or service of the member of the uniformed services, and without 
        regard to foreign law in the case of claims arising in foreign 
        countries, including uniform standards to be applied to 
        determinations with respect to--
                    ``(i) whether an act or omission by a Department of 
                Defense health care provider in the context of 
                performing medical, dental, or related health care 
                functions was negligent or wrongful, considering the 
                specific facts and circumstances;
                    ``(ii) whether the personal injury or death of the 
                member was caused by a negligent or wrongful act or 
                omission of a Department of Defense health care provider 
                in the context of performing medical, dental, or related

[[Page 133 STAT. 1459]]

                health care functions, considering the specific facts 
                and circumstances;
                    ``(iii) requirements relating to proof of duty, 
                breach of duty, and causation resulting in compensable 
                injury or loss, subject to such exclusions as may be 
                established by the Secretary of Defense; and
                    ``(iv) calculation of damages.
            ``(C) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    ``(3) In order to implement expeditiously the provisions of this 
section, the Secretary may prescribe the regulations under this 
subsection--
            ``(A) by prescribing an interim final rule; and
            ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline. Public comment.>>  not later than 
        one year after prescribing such interim final rule and 
        considering public comments with respect to such interim final 
        rule, by prescribing a final rule.

    ``(g) Limitation on Attorney Fees.--(1) No attorney shall charge, 
demand, receive, or collect for services rendered, fees in excess of 20 
percent of any claim paid pursuant to this section.
    ``(2) Any attorney who charges, demands, receives, or collects for 
services rendered in connection with a claim under this section any 
amount in excess of the amount allowed under paragraph (1), if recovery 
be had, shall be fined not more than $2,000, imprisoned not more than 
one year, or both.
    ``(h) Annual Report.--Not less frequently than annually until 2025, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report--
            ``(1) indicating the number of claims processed under this 
        section;
            ``(2) indicating the resolution of each such claim; and
            ``(3) describing any other information that may enhance the 
        effectiveness of the claims process under this section.

    ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered military medical treatment facility.--The term 
        `covered military medical treatment facility' means a facility 
        described in subsection (b), (c), or (d) of section 1073d of 
        this title.
            ``(2) Department of defense health care provider.--The term 
        `Department of Defense health care provider' means a member of 
        the uniformed services, civilian employee of the Department of 
        Defense, or personal services contractor of the Department 
        (under section 1091 of this title) authorized by the Department 
        to provide health care services and acting within the scope of 
        employment of such individual.
            ``(3) Member of the uniformed services.--The term `member of 
        the uniformed services' includes a member of a reserve component 
        of the armed forces if the claim by the member under this 
        section is in connection with personal injury or death that 
        occurred while the member was in Federal status.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 163 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2731 
        prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
        section 2733 the following new item:

``2733a. Medical malpractice claims by members of the uniformed 
           services.''.


[[Page 133 STAT. 1460]]



    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Interim Briefing on Development of 
Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing 
on the development of regulations under section 2733a(f) of title 10, 
United States Code, as added by subsection (a)(1).

    (c) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 2735 of such title is amended by striking 
        ``2733,'' and inserting ``2733, 2733a,''.
            (2) Section 1304(a)(3)(D) of title 31, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking ``2733,'' and inserting ``2733, 2733a,''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2733a note.>>  Effective Date and Transition 
Provision.--
            (1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall apply to any claim filed under section 2733a of such 
        title, as added by subsection (a)(1), on or after January 1, 
        2020.
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Transition.--Any claim filed in 
        calendar year 2020 shall be deemed to be filed within the time 
        period specified in section 2733a(b)(4) of such title, as so 
        added, if it is filed within three years after it accrues.
SEC. 732. EXTENSION AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-DEPARTMENT OF 
                        VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL FACILITY 
                        DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Title XVII of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2567) is amended--
            (1) in section 1701--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Subject to 
                subsection (b), the'' and inserting ``The'';
                    (B) by striking subsection (b); and
                    (C) by redesignating subsections (c) through (f) as 
                subsections (b) through (e), respectively;
            (2) in section 1702(a)(1), by striking ``hereafter in this 
        title'' and inserting ``in this section'';
            (3) in section 1703, in subsections (a) and (c), by striking 
        ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal 
        Health Care Center'';
            (4) in section 1704--
                    (A) in subsections (a)(3), (a)(4)(A), and (b)(1), by 
                striking ``the facility'' and inserting ``the James A. 
                Lovell Federal Health Care Center''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e), as most recently amended by 
                section 731 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
                232), by striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting 
                ``September 30, 2021'';
            (5) in section 1705--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``the facility'' 
                and inserting ``the James A. Lovell Federal Health Care 
                Center (in this section referred to as the `JALFHCC')'';
                    (B) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding 
                paragraph (1), by striking ``the facility'' and 
                inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) by striking ``the facility'' each place it 
                      appears and inserting ``the JALFHCC''; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1461]]

                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      paragraph:
            ``(4) To permit the JALFHCC to enter into personal services 
        contracts to carry out health care responsibilities in the 
        JALFHCC to the same extent and subject to the same conditions 
        and limitations as apply under section 1091 of title 10, United 
        States Code, to the Secretary of Defense with respect to health 
        care responsibilities in medical treatment facilities of the 
        Department of Defense.''.
SEC. 733. APPOINTMENT OF NON-EX OFFICIO MEMBERS OF THE HENRY M. 
                        JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF 
                        MILITARY MEDICINE.

    (a) Appointment by Non-ex Officio Members.--Subparagraph (C) of 
paragraph (1) of section 178(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(C) six members, each of whom shall be appointed at the 
        expiration of the term of a member appointed under this 
        subparagraph, as provided for in paragraph (2), by the members 
        currently serving on the Council pursuant to this subparagraph 
        and paragraph (2), including the member whose expiring term is 
        so being filled by such appointment.''.

    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority Establishing Staggered Terms.--
Paragraph (2) of such section is amended--
            (1) by striking ``except that--'' and all that follows 
        through ``any person'' and inserting ``except that any person'';
            (2) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a period; and
            (3) by striking subparagraph (B).

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 178 note.>>  Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Construction for current members.--Nothing in the 
        amendments made by this section shall be construed to terminate 
        or otherwise alter the appointment or term of service of members 
        of the Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of 
        Military Medicine who are so serving on the date of the 
        enactment of this Act pursuant to an appointment under paragraph 
        (1)(C) or (2) of section 178(c) of title 10, United States Code, 
        made before that date.
SEC. 734. ESTABLISHMENT OF ACADEMIC HEALTH SYSTEM IN NATIONAL 
                        CAPITAL REGION.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 104 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 2113a the following new section:
``Sec. 2113b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2113b.>>  Academic Health System

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may establish an 
Academic Health System to integrate the health care, health professions 
education, and health research activities of the military health system, 
including under this chapter, in the National Capital Region.
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Appointments.>>  Leadership.--(1) The Secretary may 
appoint employees of the Department of Defense to leadership positions 
in the Academic Health System established under subsection (a).

    ``(2) Such positions may include responsibilities for management of 
the health care, health professions education, and health research

[[Page 133 STAT. 1462]]

activities described in subsection (a) and are in addition to similar 
leadership positions for members of the armed forces.
    ``(c) National Capital Region Defined.--In this section, the term 
`National Capital Region' means the area, or portion thereof, as 
determined by the Secretary, in the vicinity of the District of 
Columbia.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 104 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2112 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 2113a the following new 
item:

``2113b. Academic Health System.''.

SEC. 735. PROVISION OF VETERINARY SERVICES BY VETERINARY 
                        PROFESSIONALS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        IN EMERGENCIES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 53 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 1060c. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1060c.>>  Provision of veterinary 
                    services in emergencies

    ``(a) In General.--A veterinary professional described in subsection 
(b) may provide veterinary services for the purposes described in 
subsection (c) in any State, the District of Columbia, or a territory or 
possession of the United States, without regard to where such veterinary 
professional or the patient animal are located, if the provision of such 
services is within the scope of the authorized duties of such veterinary 
professional for the Department of Defense.
    ``(b) Veterinary Professional Described.--A veterinary professional 
described in this subsection is an individual who is--
            ``(1)(A) a member of the armed forces, a civilian employee 
        of the Department of Defense, or otherwise credentialed and 
        privileged at a Federal veterinary institution or location 
        designated by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
        section; or
            ``(B) a member of the National Guard performing training or 
        duty under section 502(f) of title 32;
            ``(2) certified as a veterinary professional by a 
        certification recognized by the Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(3) currently licensed by a State, the District of 
        Columbia, or a territory or possession of the United States to 
        provide veterinary services.

    ``(c) Purposes Described.--The purposes described in this subsection 
are veterinary services in response to any of the following:
            ``(1) A national emergency declared by the President 
        pursuant to the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et 
        seq.).
            ``(2) A major disaster or an emergency (as those terms are 
        defined in section 102 of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief 
        and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5122)).
            ``(3) A public health emergency declared by the Secretary of 
        Health and Human Services under section 319 of the Public Health 
        Service Act (42 U.S.C. 247d).
            ``(4) An extraordinary emergency, as determined by the 
        Secretary of Agriculture under section 10407(b) of the Animal 
        Health Protection Act (7 U.S.C. 8306(b)).''.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1463]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 53 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 1030 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 1060b the following new 
item:

``1060c. Provision of veterinary services in emergencies.''.

SEC. 736. THREE-YEAR EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY TO CONTINUE THE DOD-VA 
                        HEALTH CARE SHARING INCENTIVE FUND.

    Section 8111(d)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting, ``September 30, 2023''.
SEC. 737. <<NOTE: Effective dates.>>  PRESERVATION OF RESOURCES OF 
                        THE ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH AND MATERIEL 
                        COMMAND AND CONTINUATION AS CENTER OF 
                        EXCELLENCE.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall preserve the 
resources of the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command for use by 
such command, which shall include manpower and funding, at not less than 
the level of such resources as of the date of the enactment of this Act 
until September 30, 2022.
    (b) Transfer of Funds.--On October 1, 2022, all amounts available 
for the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command shall be transferred 
from accounts for research, development, test, and evaluation for the 
Army to accounts for the Defense Health Program.
    (c) Continuation as Center of Excellence.--After September 30, 2022, 
the Army Medical Research and Materiel Command and Fort Detrick shall 
continue to serve as a Center of Excellence for Joint Biomedical 
Research, Development and Acquisition Management for efforts undertaken 
under the Defense Health Program.
SEC. 738. ENCOURAGEMENT OF PARTICIPATION IN WOMEN'S HEALTH 
                        TRANSITION TRAINING PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Encouragement of Participation.--The Secretaries of the military 
departments shall encourage female members of the Armed Forces who are 
separating or retiring from the Armed Forces during fiscal year 2020 to 
participate in the Women's Health Transition Training pilot program (in 
this section referred to as the ``pilot program'') administered by the 
Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    (b) Selection.--Each Secretary of a military department shall select 
at least one location at which the pilot program is offered and 
encourage participation in the pilot program at such location.
    (c) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Report.--Not later than September 30, 
2020, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of 
Veterans Affairs, shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives and the Committees on 
Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on 
the pilot program that includes the following:
            (1) For the period since the commencement of the pilot 
        program--
                    (A) the number of courses held under the pilot 
                program;
                    (B) the locations at which such courses were held; 
                and
                    (C) for each location identified in subparagraph 
                (B)--
                          (i) the number of female members by military 
                      department (with respect to Department of the 
                      Navy,

[[Page 133 STAT. 1464]]

                      separately for the Navy and Marine Corps) who 
                      participated in the pilot program; and
                          (ii) the number of seats available under the 
                      pilot program.
            (2) Data relating to--
                    (A) satisfaction with courses held under the pilot 
                program;
                    (B) improved awareness of health care services 
                administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
                    (C) any other available statistics regarding the 
                pilot program.
            (3) A discussion of regulatory, legal, or resource barriers 
        to--
                    (A) making the pilot program permanent to enable 
                access by a greater number of female members at 
                locations throughout the United States;
                    (B) offering the pilot program online for female 
                members who are unable to attend courses held under the 
                pilot program in person; and
                    (C) providing for automatic enrollment of 
                participants in the pilot program in the patient 
                enrollment system of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
                established and operated under section 1705 of title 38, 
                United States Code.
SEC. 739. <<NOTE: 10 USC 10219 note.>>  NATIONAL GUARD SUICIDE 
                        PREVENTION PILOT PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau may carry out a pilot program to expand suicide prevention and 
intervention efforts at the community level through the use of a mobile 
application that provides the capability for a member of the National 
Guard to receive prompt support, including access to a behavioral health 
professional, on a smartphone, tablet computer, or other handheld mobile 
device.
    (b) Elements.--The pilot program shall include, subject to such 
conditions as the Secretary may prescribe--
            (1) the use by members of the National Guard of an existing 
        mobile application that provides the capability described in 
        subsection (a); or
            (2) the development and use of a new mobile application that 
        provides such capability.

    (c) Eligibility and Participation Requirements.--The Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau shall establish requirements with respect to 
eligibility and participation in the pilot program.
    (d) Assessment Prior to Pilot Program Commencement.--Prior to 
commencement of the pilot program, the Chief of the National Guard 
Bureau shall--
            (1) conduct an assessment of existing prevention and 
        intervention efforts of the National Guard in each State that 
        include the use of mobile applications that provide the 
        capability described in subsection (a) to determine best 
        practices for providing immediate and localized care through the 
        use of such mobile applications; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  determine the feasibility of 
        expanding existing programs on a national scale.

    (e) Responsibilities of Entities Participating in Pilot Program.--
Each entity that participates in the pilot program shall--
            (1) share best practices with other entities participating 
        in the program; and

[[Page 133 STAT. 1465]]

            (2) <<NOTE: Time period. Assessment.>>  annually assess 
        outcomes with respect to members of the National Guard.

    (f) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate on the date that is 
three years after the date on which the pilot program commenced.
    (g) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--If the Chief of the National Guard 
        Bureau commences the pilot program authorized under subsection 
        (a), not later than 180 days after the date of the commencement 
        of such program, the Chief shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        report containing a description of the pilot program and such 
        other matters as the Chief considers appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                termination of the pilot program, the Chief of the 
                National Guard Bureau shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on such pilot program.
                    (B) Matters included.--The report under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                          (i) A description of the pilot program, 
                      including any partnerships entered into by the 
                      Chief of the National Guard Bureau under the 
                      program.
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of 
                      the effectiveness of the pilot program.
                          (iii) A description of costs associated with 
                      the implementation of the pilot program.
                          (iv) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  The estimated 
                      costs of making the pilot program permanent.
                          (v) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  A 
                      recommendation as to whether the pilot program 
                      should be extended or made permanent.
                          (vi) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such other 
                      recommendations for legislative or administrative 
                      action as the Chief of the National Guard Bureau 
                      considers appropriate.

    (h) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' means each 
of the several States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of 
Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the United States Virgin Islands, and 
the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
SEC. 740. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1096 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON CIVILIAN 
                        AND MILITARY PARTNERSHIPS TO ENHANCE 
                        INTEROPERABILITY AND MEDICAL SURGE 
                        CAPABILITY AND CAPACITY OF NATIONAL 
                        DISASTER MEDICAL SYSTEM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to establish partnerships with public, private, and nonprofit 
health care organizations, institutions, and entities in collaboration 
with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland Security, and the Secretary of 
Transportation to enhance the interoperability and medical surge 
capability and capacity of the National Disaster Medical System under 
section 2812 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 300hh-11) in 
the vicinity of major aeromedical and other transport hubs and logistics 
centers of the Department of Defense.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1466]]

    (b) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Duration.--The Secretary of Defense may 
carry out the pilot program under subsection (a) for a period of not 
more than five years.

    (c) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot program 
under subsection (a) at not fewer than five aeromedical or other 
transport hub regions or logistics centers in the United States.
    (d) <<NOTE: Collaboration.>>  Requirements.--In establishing 
partnerships under the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
Secretary, in collaboration with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, the 
Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, and the Secretary of Transportation, shall establish 
requirements under such partnerships for staffing, specialized training, 
medical logistics, telemedicine, patient regulating, movement, 
situational status reporting, tracking, and surveillance.

    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program under 
subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a report on the pilot program.
                    (B) Elements.--The report required by subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                          (i) A description of the pilot program.
                          (ii) The requirements established under 
                      subsection (d).
                          (iii) The evaluation metrics established under 
                      subsection (e).
                          (iv) Such other matters relating to the pilot 
                      program as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after 
                completion of the pilot program under subsection (a), 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                a report on the pilot program.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report 
                required by subparagraph (A) shall include the 
                following:
                          (i) A description of the pilot program, 
                      including the partnerships established under the 
                      pilot program as described in subsection (a).
                          (ii) An assessment of the effectiveness of the 
                      pilot program.
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An assessment 
                      of the cost of the pilot program and an estimate 
                      of the cost of making the pilot program a 
                      permanent part of the budget of the Department of 
                      Defense.
                          (iv) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                      recommendations for legislative or administrative 
                      action as the Secretary considers appropriate in 
                      light of the pilot program, including 
                      recommendations for extending or making permanent 
                      the authority for the pilot program.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1467]]

SEC. 741. REPORTS ON SUICIDE AMONG MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                        SUICIDE PREVENTION PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES 
                        OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Department of Defense Reports on Suicide Among Members of the 
Armed Forces.--
            (1) Reports required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 
        January 31, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
        the Senate a report on suicide among members of the Armed Forces 
        during the year preceding the date of the report.
            (2) Matters included.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following with respect to the year covered by the 
        report:
                    (A) The number of suicides, attempted suicides, and 
                known cases of suicidal ideation involving a member of 
                the Armed Forces, including the reserve components 
                thereof, listed by Armed Force.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  The number of suicides, 
                attempted suicides, or known cases of suicidal ideation 
                identified under subparagraph (A) that occurred during 
                each of the following periods:
                          (i) The first 180 days of the member serving 
                      in the Armed Forces.
                          (ii) The period in which the member is 
                      deployed in support of a contingency operation.
                    (C) With respect to the number of suicides, 
                attempted suicides, or known cases of suicidal ideation 
                identified under subparagraph (B)(i), the initial 
                recruit training location of the member.
                    (D) The number of suicides involving a dependent of 
                a member.
                    (E) A description of any research collaborations and 
                data sharing by the Department of Defense with the 
                Department of Veterans Affairs, other departments or 
                agencies of the Federal Government, academic 
                institutions, or nongovernmental organizations.
                    (F) Identification of a research agenda for the 
                Department of Defense to improve the evidence base on 
                effective suicide prevention treatment and risk 
                communication.
                    (G) The availability and usage of the assistance of 
                chaplains, houses of worship, and other spiritual 
                resources for members of the Armed Forces who identify 
                as religiously affiliated and have attempted suicide, 
                have experienced suicidal ideation, or are at risk of 
                suicide, and metrics on the impact these resources have 
                in assisting religiously-affiliated members who have 
                access to and utilize them compared to religiously-
                affiliated members who do not.
                    (H) A description of the effectiveness of the 
                policies developed pursuant to section 567 of the Carl 
                Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
                291; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) and section 582 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 
                (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note), including 
                with respect to--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1468]]

                          (i) metrics identifying effective treatment 
                      modalities for members of the Armed Forces who are 
                      at risk for suicide (including any clinical 
                      interventions involving early identification and 
                      treatment of such members);
                          (ii) metrics for the rate of integration of 
                      mental health screenings and suicide risk and 
                      prevention for members during the delivery of 
                      primary care for such members;
                          (iii) metrics relating to the effectiveness of 
                      suicide prevention and resilience programs and 
                      preventative behavioral health programs of the 
                      Department of Defense (including those of the 
                      military departments and the Armed Forces); and
                          (iv) metrics evaluating the training standards 
                      for behavioral health care providers to ensure 
                      that such providers have received training on 
                      clinical best practices and evidence-based 
                      treatments.

    (b) GAO Report on Suicide Prevention Programs and Activities.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 240 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the 
        United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
        of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
        programs and activities of the Department of Defense and the 
        Armed Forces for the prevention of suicide among members of the 
        Armed Forces (including the reserve components) and their 
        families.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) A description of the current programs and 
                activities of the Department of Defense and the Armed 
                Forces for the prevention of suicide among members of 
                the Armed Forces and their families.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment whether the 
                programs and activities described pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) are evidence-based and incorporate best 
                      practices identified in peer-reviewed medical 
                      literature;
                          (ii) are appropriately resourced; and
                          (iii) deliver outcomes that are appropriate 
                      relative to peer activities and programs 
                      (including those undertaken in the civilian 
                      community and in military forces of other 
                      countries).
                    (C) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  A description and 
                assessment of any impediments to the effectiveness of 
                such programs and activities.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                recommendations as the Comptroller General considers 
                appropriate for improvements to such programs and 
                activities.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                recommendations as the Comptroller General considers 
                appropriate for additional programs and activities for 
                the prevention of suicide among members of the Armed 
                Forces and their families.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1469]]

SEC. 742. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS FOR LONGITUDINAL MEDICAL 
                        STUDY ON BLAST PRESSURE EXPOSURE OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND COLLECTION 
                        OF EXPOSURE INFORMATION.

    (a) Modification of Study.--Section 734 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
1444) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(4) assess the feasibility and advisability of--
                    ``(A) uploading the data gathered from the study 
                into the Defense Occupational and Environmental Health 
                Readiness System - Industrial Hygiene (DOEHRS-IH) or 
                similar system;
                    ``(B) allowing personnel of the Department of 
                Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs to have 
                access to such system; and
                    ``(C) ensuring such data is interoperable and can be 
                uploaded into the MHS Genesis electronic health record 
                or successor system of the Department of Defense.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Annual status report.--Not later than January 1 of 
        each year during the period beginning on the date of the 
        enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2020 and ending on the completion of the study under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
        status report on the study.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 note prec.>>  Collection of Exposure 
Information.--The Secretary of Defense shall collect blast exposure 
information with respect to a member of the Armed Forces in a manner--
            (1) consistent with blast exposure measurement training 
        guidance of the Department of Defense, including any guidance 
        developed pursuant to--
                    (A) the longitudinal medical study on blast pressure 
                exposure required by section 734 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
                91; 131 Stat. 1444); and
                    (B) the review of guidance on blast exposure during 
                training required by section 253 of the John S. McCain 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
                (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2001 note prec.);
            (2) compatible with training and operational objectives of 
        the Department; and
            (3) that is automated, to the extent practicable, to 
        minimize the reporting burden of unit commanders.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1470]]

SEC. 743. STUDY AND PLAN ON THE USE OF MILITARY-CIVILIAN 
                        INTEGRATED HEALTH DELIVERY SYSTEMS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
use of local military-civilian integrated health delivery systems 
pursuant to section 706 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1096 note). The study 
shall examine the following:
            (1) Geographic locations where military medical treatment 
        facilities have existing contractual relationships with local 
        civilian health care networks, including Fort Drum, New York, 
        Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, Joint Base Lewis-
        McCord, Washington, Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, Elmendorf Air 
        Force Base, Alaska, Fort Sill, Oklahoma, Tripler Army Medical 
        Center, Hawaii, the National Capital Region, and similar 
        locations.
            (2) Health care activities that promote value-based care, 
        measurable health outcomes, patient safety, timeliness of 
        referrals, and transparent communication with covered 
        beneficiaries.
            (3) Locations where health care providers of the Department 
        of Defense may be able to attain critical wartime readiness 
        skills in a local integrated military-civilian integrated health 
        delivery system.
            (4) The cost of providing care under an integrated military-
        civilian integrated health delivery system as compared to health 
        care provided by a managed care support contractor.

    (b) Plan.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for the 
further development of the use of local military-civilian integrated 
health delivery systems by the Department of Defense.
    (c) Submission.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the 
Senate--
            (1) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  a report on the results of the study 
        under subsection (a); and
            (2) the plan developed under subsection (b).

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered beneficiaries'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``National Capital Region'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 2674 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 744. STUDY ON CASE MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
effectiveness of case management practices in the military health 
system. The study shall include the following:
            (1) A standardized definition of case management.
            (2) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of case management 
        practices provided by the military departments before and during 
        the transition of the administration of military medical 
        treatment facilities to the Defense Health Agency pursuant to 
        section 1073c of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) A discussion of the metrics used in determining the 
        effectiveness and cost of case management.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1471]]

            (4) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of the case 
        management and outreach provided by the managed care support 
        contractors supporting the Defense Health Agency, including with 
        respect to--
                    (A) the intervals at which patients are contacted;
                    (B) the role of the case manager in coordination;
                    (C) the approximate number of patients managed by a 
                case manager; and
                    (D) any other best practices relating to case 
                management that would improve the experience of care 
                across the military health system.
            (5) <<NOTE: Review.>>  A review of case management best 
        practices in the private sector, including with respect to--
                    (A) the intervals at which patients should be 
                contacted;
                    (B) the role of the case manager in coordination;
                    (C) the approximate number of patients managed by a 
                case manager; and
                    (D) any other best practices relating to case 
                management that would improve the experience of care 
                across the military health system.
            (6) The results of discussions with covered beneficiaries 
        (as defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States Code) at 
        not less than four public forums held in different geographic 
        areas, relating to the satisfaction of such covered 
        beneficiaries with case management and outreach provided by the 
        Defense Health Agency and the military departments in military 
        medical treatment facilities.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate a report 
on the results of the study under subsection (a).
SEC. 745. REPORT ON GLOBAL HEALTH SECURITY STRATEGY AND THE 
                        NATIONAL BIODEFENSE SECURITY.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
Comptroller General of the United States publishes a review of the 
National Biodefense Strategy, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the appropriate congressional committees a report on the implementation 
of the Global Health Security Strategy and the National Biodefense 
Strategy.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall, at a minimum--
            (1) <<NOTE: Designation.>>  designate the individual and 
        offices responsible for overseeing the implementation of each 
        strategy referred to in subsection (a) within the Department of 
        Defense;
            (2) detail actions that the Department is taking to support 
        implementation of the Global Health Security Agenda;
            (3) detail actions taken to coordinate the efforts of the 
        Department with the other agencies responsible for the Global 
        Health Security Strategy and National Biodefense Strategy; and
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  with respect to the review 
        of the National Biodefense Strategy conducted by the Comptroller 
        General--
                    (A) detail the recommendations in the review that 
                the Secretary plans on or is currently implementing;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1472]]

                    (B) specify the official implementing such 
                recommendations and the actions the official is taking 
                to implement the recommendations;
                    (C) specify the recommendations in the review that 
                the Secretary has determined not to implement; and
                    (D) explain the rationale of the Secretary with 
                respect to not implementing such recommendations.

    (c) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means--
            (1) the congressional defense committees;
            (2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on 
        Energy and Commerce, and the Committee on Homeland Security of 
        the House of Representatives; and
            (3) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on 
        Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on 
        Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
SEC. 746. STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF WOUNDED WARRIOR SERVICE DOG 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Study.--Not later than one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a study on the feasibility of establishing a wounded warrior 
service dog program.

    (b) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the need and 
        feasibility of establishing a wounded warrior service dog 
        program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  With respect to a nonprofit 
        organization seeking a grant under a wounded warrior service dog 
        program, an assessment of the feasibility of requiring that the 
        organization--
                    (A) specify the training requirements for covered 
                members;
                    (B) detail the training of dogs that will serve as 
                assistance dogs;
                    (C) establish a database--
                          (i) to track whether a dog has prior 
                      experience as a military working dog, service dog, 
                      or assistance dog; and
                          (ii) that contains a designation for each dog 
                      with prior experience as a military working dog;
                    (D) describe the aftercare services that the 
                organization will provide to assistance dogs and covered 
                members; and
                    (E) <<NOTE: Standards.>>  possess the appropriate 
                accreditation standards for assistance dogs, as the 
                Secretary determines appropriate.
            (3) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of locations at which the 
        greatest number of covered members are likely to participate in 
        a wounded warrior service dog program.
            (4) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An estimate of the costs 
        required to create a wounded warrior service dog program.
            (5) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of peer reviewed articles and 
        other appropriate studies that examine the clinical 
        effectiveness of assistance dogs with respect to the treatment 
        of patients with disabilities.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Assistance dog.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1473]]

                    (A) In general.--The term ``assistance dog'' means a 
                dog specifically trained to perform physical tasks to 
                mitigate the effects of a disability described in 
                subparagraph (B), except that the term does not include 
                a dog specifically trained for comfort or personal 
                defense.
                    (B) Disability described.--A disability described in 
                this subparagraph is any of the following:
                          (i) Blindness or visual impairment.
                          (ii) Loss of limb, paralysis, or other 
                      significant mobility issues.
                          (iii) Loss of hearing.
                          (iv) Traumatic brain injury.
                          (v) Post-traumatic stress disorder.
                          (vi) Any other disability that the Secretary 
                      of Defense considers appropriate.
            (2) Covered member.--The term ``covered member'' means a 
        member of the Armed Forces who is--
                    (A) receiving medical treatment, recuperation, or 
                therapy under chapter 55 of title 10, United States 
                Code;
                    (B) in medical hold or medical holdover status; or
                    (C) covered under section 1202 or 1205 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
            (3) Wounded warrior service dog program.--The term ``wounded 
        warrior service dog program'' means a pilot program under which 
        the Secretary of Defense awards competitive grants to non-profit 
        organizations that would assist such organizations in the 
        planning, designing, establishing, or operating (or any 
        combination thereof) of programs to provide assistance dogs to 
        covered members.
SEC. 747. GAO REPORT ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE QUALITY ASSURANCE 
                        PROGRAM AND IMPACTS OF MEDICAL MALPRACTICE 
                        ACTIONS.

    Not later than January 1, 2021, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
        effectiveness of the quality assurance program of the Department 
        of Defense in querying and monitoring the National Practitioner 
        Data Bank established pursuant to the Health Care Quality 
        Improvement Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11101 et seq.) with respect 
        to--
                    (A) recruitment and retention of military service 
                medical providers;
                    (B) hiring or contracting of civilian medical 
                providers in military medical treatment facilities;
                    (C) recording of adverse privileging and 
                credentialing actions of such military service medical 
                providers and civilian medical providers; and
                    (D) any other matters relating to ensuring the 
                highest quality of care is provided throughout the 
                military health system.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis that includes--
                    (A) with respect to military health system patients, 
                a comparison of outcomes for such patients who may bring 
                an action against the Federal Government for negligence 
                or malpractice and outcomes for such patients who may

[[Page 133 STAT. 1474]]

                not bring such an action, based on an examination of all 
                relevant data relating to clinical outcome measures and 
                clinical quality management process actions; and
                    (B) a comparison of--
                          (i) the elements and average amounts of death 
                      and disability compensation that apply regardless 
                      of the underlying cause of the death or 
                      disability; and
                          (ii) the elements and average amounts of 
                      settlements that result from medical malpractice 
                      litigation against the Federal Government.
SEC. 748. REPORTS ON MILLENNIUM COHORT STUDY RELATING TO WOMEN 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Annual Reports Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through January 
31, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on findings of the Millennium Cohort Study relating to the gynecological 
and perinatal health of women members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Matters Included.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum--
            (1) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of general findings of the 
        Millennium Cohort Study pertaining to gynecological and 
        perinatal health, including diseases, disorders, and conditions 
        that affect the functioning of reproductive systems, maternal 
        mortality and severe maternal morbidity, birth defects, 
        developmental disorders, low birth weight, preterm birth, 
        reduced fertility, menstrual disorders, and other health 
        concerns; and
            (2) identification of--
                    (A) all research projects that have concluded during 
                the year covered by the report and the outcomes of such 
                projects;
                    (B) areas in which the Millennium Cohort Study can 
                increase efforts to capture data and produce studies in 
                the field of gynecological and perinatal health of women 
                members of the Armed Forces; and
                    (C) activities underway to achieve such efforts.

    (c) Millennium Cohort Study Defined.--In this section, the term 
``Millennium Cohort Study'' means the longitudinal study authorized 
under section 743 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 112 Stat. 2074) to 
evaluate data on the health conditions of members of the Armed Forces 
upon the return of the members from deployment.
SEC. 749. STUDY ON EFFECTS OF SLEEP DEPRIVATION ON READINESS OF 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
effects of sleep deprivation on the readiness of members of the Armed 
Forces.
    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The study under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) A standardized definition of sleep deprivation.
            (2) An assessment of the prevalence of sleep deprivation on 
        members of the Armed Forces related to circadian rhythm 
        disturbances from crossing multiple time zones, mission related

[[Page 133 STAT. 1475]]

        maladaptive sleep practices, uncomfortable or otherwise 
        inhospitable sleeping environments, and the use of stimulants 
        and hypnotics to support operational tempo.
            (3) An assessment of whether there may be a relationship 
        between sleep deprivation and medical conditions such as 
        traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, and 
        depression.
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations on efforts 
        to mitigate sleep deprivation described in paragraphs (2) and 
        (3).

    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the results of the study under subsection (a).
SEC. 750. STUDY AND REPORT ON TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY MITIGATION 
                        EFFORTS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a meta-analysis 
of evidence-based traumatic brain injury mitigation efforts by the 
Secretary and related Federal agency partners, and efforts discussed in 
academic literature, that have demonstrated the best clinical 
effectiveness in the treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
traumatic brain injury.
    (b) Roadmap.--The Secretary shall develop and include in the study 
under subsection (a) a roadmap for implementation across the military 
health system of measures that address, with respect to the treatment of 
members for traumatic brain injury--
            (1) the process for receiving such treatment;
            (2) patient outcomes;
            (3) cost;
            (4) patient and command satisfaction with such treatment; 
        and
            (5) structured documentation to monitor system-wide 
        implementation of the measures developed pursuant to paragraphs 
        (1) through (4).

    (c) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
on the results of the study under subsection (a).

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 800. Authority for continuous integration and delivery of software 
           applications and upgrades to embedded systems.
Sec. 801. Pilot program on intellectual property evaluation for 
           acquisition programs.
Sec. 802. Pilot program to use alpha contracting teams for complex 
           requirements.
Sec. 803. Failure to provide other than certified cost or pricing data 
           upon request.
Sec. 804. Comptroller General report on price reasonableness.
Sec. 805. Limitation on transfer of funds related to cost overruns and 
           cost underruns.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1476]]

Sec. 806. Standardizing data collection and reporting on use of source 
           selection procedures by Federal agencies.
Sec. 807. Department of Defense use of fixed-price contracts.
Sec. 808. Repeal of continuation of data rights during challenges.
Sec. 809. Repeal of authority to waive acquisition laws to acquire vital 
           national security capabilities.
Sec. 810. Repeal of the Defense Cost Accounting Standards Board.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 815. Modification of Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
           report.
Sec. 816. Modification of written approval requirement for task and 
           delivery order single contract awards.
Sec. 817. Responsibility for data analysis and requirements validation 
           for services contracts.
Sec. 818. Documentation of market research related to commercial item 
           determinations.
Sec. 819. Availability of data on the use of other transaction authority 
           and report on the use of authority to carry out prototype 
           projects.
Sec. 820. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 821. Modification to acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
           United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 822. Extension of Never Contract With the Enemy.
Sec. 823. Modification of justification and approval requirement for 
           certain Department of Defense contracts.
Sec. 824. Extension of sunset relating to Federal Data Center 
           Consolidation Initiative.
Sec. 825. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.
Sec. 826. Uniformity in application of micro-purchase threshold to 
           certain task or delivery orders.
Sec. 827. Requirement for cost estimates on models of commercial e-
           commerce portal program.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 830. Modification of requirements for reporting to Congress on 
           certain acquisition programs.
Sec. 831. Pilot program to streamline decision-making processes for 
           weapon systems.
Sec. 832. Analysis of alternatives pursuant to materiel development 
           decisions.
Sec. 833. Naval vessel certification required before Milestone B 
           approval.

        Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to the Acquisition System

Sec. 835. Extramural acquisition innovation and research activities.
Sec. 836. Report on realignment of the defense acquisition system to 
           implement acquisition reforms.
Sec. 837. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
           the ``middle tier'' of acquisition programs.
Sec. 838. Report on intellectual property policy and the cadre of 
           intellectual property experts.
Sec. 839. Guidance and reports relating to covered defense business 
           systems.
Sec. 840. Implementation guidance for use of a modular open system 
           approach.
Sec. 841. Limitation on availability of funds for the Office of the 
           Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 845. Modernization of acquisition processes to ensure integrity of 
           industrial base.
Sec. 846. Report requirements for the national technology and industrial 
           base.
Sec. 847. Mitigating risks related to foreign ownership, control, or 
           influence of Department of Defense contractors or 
           subcontractors.
Sec. 848. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
           unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 849. Modification of prohibition on acquisition of sensitive 
           materials from non-allied foreign nations.
Sec. 850. Acquisition and disposal of certain rare earth materials.
Sec. 851. Pilot program for development of technology-enhanced 
           capabilities with partnership intermediaries.
Sec. 852. Authorized official to carry out the procurement technical 
           assistance cooperative agreement program.
Sec. 853. Requirement that certain ship components be manufactured in 
           the national technology and industrial base.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1477]]

Sec. 854. Addition of domestically produced stainless steel flatware and 
           dinnerware to the Berry Amendment.
Sec. 855. Application of miscellaneous technology base policies and 
           programs to the Columbia-class submarine program.
Sec. 856. Application of limitation on procurement of goods other than 
           United States goods to the FFG-Frigate Program.
Sec. 857. Sense of Congress regarding consideration of price in 
           procurement of the FFG(X) frigate.

        Subtitle F--Provisions Relating to Acquisition Workforce

Sec. 860. Establishment of Defense Civilian Training Corps.
Sec. 861. Defense acquisition workforce certification, education, and 
           career fields.
Sec. 862. Software development and software acquisition training and 
           management programs.
Sec. 863. Modification of temporary assignments of Department of Defense 
           employees to a private-sector organization.
Sec. 864. Incentives and consideration for qualified training programs.
Sec. 865. Use of qualified apprentices by military construction 
           contractors.

                   Subtitle G--Small Business Matters

Sec. 870. Requirements relating to credit for certain small business 
           concern subcontractors.
Sec. 871. Inclusion of best in class designations in annual report on 
           small business goals.
Sec. 872. Reauthorization and improvement of Department of Defense 
           Mentor-Protege Program.
Sec. 873. Accelerated payments applicable to contracts with certain 
           small business concerns under the Prompt Payment Act.
Sec. 874. Postaward explanations for unsuccessful offerors for certain 
           contracts.
Sec. 875. Small business contracting credit for subcontractors that are 
           Puerto Rico businesses or covered territory businesses.
Sec. 876. Technical amendment regarding treatment of certain surviving 
           spouses under the definition of small business concern owned 
           and controlled by service-disabled veterans.
Sec. 877. Extension of loan assistance and deferral eligibility to 
           reservists and members of the National Guard beyond periods 
           of military conflict.
Sec. 878. Modification to the Defense Research and Development Rapid 
           Innovation Program.
Sec. 879. Alignment of the Department of Defense Small Business 
           Innovation Research Program and Small Business Technology 
           Transfer Program with the National Defense Science and 
           Technology Strategy.
Sec. 880. Assistance for small business concerns participating in the 
           SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 881. Cybersecurity technical assistance for SBIR and STTR programs.
Sec. 882. Funding for defense research activities of small business 
           concerns.
Sec. 883. Modifications to budget display requirements for the 
           Department of Defense Small Business Innovation Research 
           Program and Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 884. Pilot program for domestic investment under the SBIR program.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 885. Review of guidance to contractors on nondiscrimination on the 
           basis of sex.
Sec. 886. Comptroller General report on contractor violations of certain 
           labor laws.
Sec. 887. Comptroller General report on contingency contracting.
Sec. 888. Policies and procedures for contractors to report gross 
           violations of internationally recognized human rights.
Sec. 889. Comptroller General report on oversight of contractors 
           providing private security functions.
Sec. 890. Prohibition on contracting with persons that have business 
           operations with the Maduro regime.
Sec. 891. Report on the Combating Trafficking in Persons initiative.
Sec. 892. Improved management of information technology and cyberspace 
           investments.
Sec. 893. Modification to requirements for purchase of commercial 
           leasing services pursuant to multiple award contracts.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1478]]

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

SEC. 800. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  AUTHORITY FOR CONTINUOUS 
                        INTEGRATION AND DELIVERY OF SOFTWARE 
                        APPLICATIONS AND UPGRADES TO EMBEDDED 
                        SYSTEMS.

    (a) Software Acquisition and Development Pathways.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall establish pathways as described under subsection (b) to 
provide for the efficient and effective acquisition, development, 
integration, and timely delivery of secure software. Such a pathway 
shall include the following:
            (1) Use of proven technologies and solutions.--A pathway 
        established under this section shall provide for the use of 
        proven technologies and solutions to continuously engineer and 
        deliver capabilities in software.
            (2) Use of authority.--In using the authority under this 
        section, the Secretary shall consider how such use will--
                    (A) initiate the engineering of new software 
                capabilities quickly;
                    (B) demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of 
                such capabilities for operational use not later than one 
                year after the date on which funds are first obligated 
                to acquire or develop software; and
                    (C) allow for the continuous updating and delivery 
                of new capabilities not less frequently than annually to 
                iteratively meet a requirement.
            (3) Treatment not as major defense acquisition program.--
        Software acquired or developed using the authority under this 
        section shall not be treated as a major defense acquisition 
        program for purposes of section 2430 of title 10, United States 
        Code, or Department of Defense Directive 5000.01 without the 
        specific direction of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment or a Senior Acquisition Executive.
            (4) Risk-based approach.--The Secretary of Defense shall use 
        a risk-based approach for the consideration of innovative 
        technologies and new capabilities for software to be acquired or 
        developed under this authority to meet needs communicated by the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff and the combatant commanders.

    (b) Pathways.--The Secretary of Defense may establish as many 
pathways as the Secretary determines appropriate and shall establish the 
following pathways:
            (1) Applications.--The applications software acquisition 
        pathway shall provide for the use of rapid development and 
        implementation of applications and other software or software 
        improvements operated by the Department of Defense, which may 
        include applications running on commercial commodity hardware 
        (including modified hardware) and commercially available cloud 
        computing platforms.
            (2) Embedded systems.--The embedded systems software 
        acquisition pathway shall provide for the rapid development and 
        insertion of upgrades and improvements for software embedded in 
        weapon systems and other military-unique hardware systems.

    (c) Expedited Process.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1479]]

            (1) In general.--A pathway established under subsection (a) 
        shall provide for--
                    (A) a streamlined and coordinated requirements, 
                budget, and acquisition process to support rapid 
                fielding of software applications and of software 
                upgrades to embedded systems for operational use in a 
                period of not more than one year from the time that the 
                process is initiated;
                    (B) the collection of data on software fielded; and
                    (C) continuous engagement with the users of software 
                to support engineering activities, and to support 
                delivery of software for operational use in periods of 
                not more than one year.
            (2) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Expedited software requirements 
        process.--
                    (A) Inapplicability of joint capabilities 
                integration and development system (jcids) manual.--
                Software acquisition or development conducted under the 
                authority of this section shall not be subject to the 
                Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System 
                Manual, except pursuant to a modified process 
                specifically provided for the acquisition or development 
                of software by the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
                Staff, in consultation with Under Secretary of Defense 
                for Acquisition and Sustainment and each service 
                acquisition executive (as defined in section 101(a)(10) 
                of title 10, United States Code).
                    (B) Inapplicability of defense acquisition system 
                directive.--Software acquisition or development 
                conducted under the authority of this section shall not 
                be subject to Department of Defense Directive 5000.01, 
                except when specifically provided for the acquisition or 
                development of software by the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation 
                with the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
                each service acquisition executive.

    (d) Elements.--In implementing a pathway established under the 
authority of this section, the Secretary shall tailor requirements 
relating to--
            (1) iterative development of requirements for software to be 
        acquired or developed under the authority of this section 
        through engagement with the user community and through the use 
        of operational user feedback, in order to continuously define 
        and update priorities for such requirements;
            (2) early identification of the warfighter or user need, 
        including the rationale for how software capabilities will 
        support increased lethality and efficiency, and identification 
        of a relevant user community;
            (3) initial contract requirements and format, including the 
        use of summary-level lists of problems and shortcomings in 
        existing software and desired features or capabilities of new or 
        upgraded software;
            (4) continuous refinement and prioritization of contract 
        requirements through use of evolutionary processes, informed by 
        continuous engagement with operational users throughout the 
        development and implementation period;
            (5) continuous consideration of issues related to lifecycle 
        costs, technical data rights, and systems interoperability;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1480]]

            (6) planning for support of software capabilities in cases 
        where the software developer may stop supporting the software;
            (7) rapid contracting procedures, including expedited 
        timeframes for making awards, selecting contract types, defining 
        teaming arrangements, and defining options;
            (8) program execution processes, including supporting 
        development and test infrastructure, automation and tools, 
        digital engineering, data collection and sharing with Department 
        of Defense oversight organizations and with Congress, the role 
        of developmental and operational testing activities, key 
        decision making and oversight events, and supporting processes 
        and activities (such as independent costing activity, 
        operational demonstration, and performance metrics);
            (9) assurances that cybersecurity metrics of the software to 
        be acquired or developed, such as metrics relating to the 
        density of vulnerabilities within the code of such software, the 
        time from vulnerability identification to patch availability, 
        the existence of common weaknesses within such code, and other 
        cybersecurity metrics based on widely-recognized standards and 
        industry best practices, are generated and made available to the 
        Department of Defense and the congressional defense committees;
            (10) administrative procedures, including procedures related 
        to who may initiate and approve an acquisition under this 
        authority, the roles and responsibilities of the implementing 
        project or product teams and supporting activities, team 
        selection and staffing process, governance and oversight roles 
        and responsibilities, and appropriate independent technology 
        assessments, testing, and cost estimation (including relevant 
        thresholds or designation criteria);
            (11) mechanisms and waivers designed to ensure flexibility 
        in the implementation of a pathway under this section, including 
        the use of other transaction authority, broad agency 
        announcements, and other procedures; and
            (12) mechanisms the Secretary will use for appropriate 
        reporting to Congress on the use of this authority, including 
        notice of initiation of the use of a pathway and data regarding 
        individual programs or acquisition activities, how acquisition 
        activities are reflected in budget justification materials or 
        requests to reprogram appropriated funds, and compliance with 
        other reporting requirements.

    (e) Guidance Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall issue initial guidance to implement the 
        requirements of this section.
            (2) <<NOTE: Expiration date.>>  Limitation.--If the 
        Secretary of Defense has not issued final guidance to implement 
        the requirements of this section before October 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary may not use the authority under this section--
                    (A) to establish a new pathway to acquire or develop 
                software; or
                    (B) to continue activities to acquire or develop 
                software using a pathway established under initial 
                guidance described in paragraph (1).

    (f) Report.--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1481]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--Not later than 
        October 15, 2020, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment, in consultation with the secretaries of the 
        military departments and other appropriate officials, shall 
        report on the use of the authority under this section using the 
        initial guidance issued under subsection (d).
            (2) Elements.--The report required under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following elements:
                    (A) The final guidance required by subsection 
                (d)(2), including a description of the treatment of use 
                of the authority that was initiated before such final 
                guidance was issued.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Summary. List. Cost estimate.>>  A 
                summary of how the authority under this section has been 
                used, including a list of the cost estimate, schedule 
                for development, testing and delivery, and key 
                management risks for each initiative conducted pursuant 
                to such authority.
                    (C) Accomplishments from and challenges to using the 
                authority under this section, including organizational, 
                cultural, talent, infrastructure, testing, and training 
                considerations.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations 
                for legislative changes to the authority under this 
                section.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations 
                for regulatory changes to the authority under this 
                section to promote effective development and deployment 
                of software acquired or developed under this section.
SEC. 801. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2322 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                        INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY EVALUATION FOR 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Pilot Program.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
and the Secretaries of the military departments may jointly carry out a 
pilot program to assess mechanisms to evaluate intellectual property 
(such as technical data deliverables and associated license rights), 
including commercially available intellectual property valuation 
analysis and techniques, in acquisition programs for which each such 
Secretary is responsible to better understand the benefits associated 
with these mechanisms on--
            (1) the development of cost-effective intellectual property 
        strategies;
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  the assessment and management of 
        the value and acquisition costs of intellectual property during 
        acquisition and sustainment activities (including source 
        selection evaluation factors) throughout the acquisition 
        lifecycle for any acquisition program selected by such 
        Secretary; and
            (3) the use of a commercial product (as defined in section 
        103 of title 41, United States Code, as in effect on January 1, 
        2020), commercial service (as defined in section 103a of title 
        41, United States Code, as in effect on January 1, 2020), or 
        nondevelopmental item (as defined in section 110 of title 41, 
        United States Code) as an alternative to a product or service to 
        be specifically developed for a selected acquisition program, 
        including evaluation of the benefits of reduced risk regarding 
        cost, schedule, and performance associated with commercial 
        products, commercial services, and nondevelopmental items.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1482]]

    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Activities.--Activities carried out 
under the pilot program may include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Establishment of a team of 
        Department of Defense and private sector subject matter experts 
        (which may include the cadre of intellectual property experts 
        established under section 2322(b) of title 10, United States 
        Code) to--
                    (A) recommend acquisition programs to be selected 
                for the pilot program established under subsection (a);
                    (B) recommend criteria for the consideration of 
                types of commercial products, commercial services, or 
                nondevelopmental items that can used as an alternative 
                to a product or service to be specifically developed for 
                a selected acquisition program; or
                    (C) identify, to the maximum extent practicable at 
                each milestone established for each selected acquisition 
                program, intellectual property evaluation techniques to 
                obtain quantitative and qualitative analysis of 
                intellectual property during the procurement, production 
                and deployment, and operations and support phases for 
                the each selected acquisition program.
            (2) Assessment of commercial valuation techniques for 
        intellectual property for use by the Department of Defense.
            (3) Assessment of the feasibility of agency-level oversight 
        to standardize intellectual property evaluation practices and 
        procedures.
            (4) Assessment of contracting mechanisms to speed delivery 
        of intellectual property to the Armed Forces or reduce 
        sustainment costs.
            (5) Assessment of agency acquisition planning to ensure 
        procurement of appropriate intellectual property deliverables 
        and intellectual property rights necessary for Government-
        planned sustainment activities.
            (6) Engagement with the private sector to--
                    (A) support the development of strategies and 
                program requirements to aid in acquisition planning for 
                intellectual property;
                    (B) support the development and improvement of 
                intellectual property strategies as part of life-cycle 
                sustainment plans; and
                    (C) propose and implement alternative and innovative 
                methods of intellectual property valuation, 
                prioritization, and evaluation techniques for 
                intellectual property.
            (7) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations to the 
        relevant program manager of an acquisition program selected 
        under subsection (a), including evaluation techniques and 
        contracting mechanisms for acquisition and sustainment 
        activities.

    (c) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Report.--Not later than November 1, 
2020, and annually thereafter through November 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a joint report on the pilot program 
conducted under this section. <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  The report shall, 
at a minimum, include--
            (1) a description of the acquisition programs selected by 
        the Secretary concerned;
            (2) a description of the specific activities in subsection 
        (c) that were performed under each program;
            (3) an assessment of the effectiveness of the activities;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1483]]

            (4) an assessment of improvements to acquisition or 
        sustainment activities related to the pilot program; and
            (5) an assessment of the results related to the pilot 
        program, including any cost savings and improvement to mission 
        success during the operations and support phase of the selected 
        acquisition program.
SEC. 802. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2305 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO USE ALPHA 
                        CONTRACTING TEAMS FOR COMPLEX 
                        REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall select at least 
2, and up to 5, initiatives to participate in a pilot to use teams that, 
with the advice of expert third parties, focus on the development of 
complex contract technical requirements for services, with each team 
focusing on developing achievable technical requirements that are 
appropriately valued and identifying the most effective acquisition 
strategy to achieve those requirements.
    (2) <<NOTE: Deadlines. Notifications.>>  The Secretary shall develop 
metrics for tracking progress of the program at improving quality and 
acquisition cycle time.

    (b) Development of Criteria and Initiatives.--(1) Not later than 
February 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense shall establish the pilot 
program and notify the congressional defense committees of the criteria 
used to select initiatives and the metrics used to track progress.
    (2) Not later than May 1, 2020, the Secretary shall notify the 
congressional defense committees of the initiatives selected for the 
program.
    (3) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  Not later than December 1, 2020, the 
Secretary shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
progress of the selected initiatives, including the progress of the 
initiatives at improving quality and acquisition cycle time according to 
the metrics developed under subsection (a)(2).
SEC. 803. FAILURE TO PROVIDE OTHER THAN CERTIFIED COST OR PRICING 
                        DATA UPON REQUEST.

    Section 2306a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the following: 
        ``Contracting officers shall not determine the price of a 
        contract or subcontract to be fair and reasonable based solely 
        on historical prices paid by the Government.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) Ineligibility for award.--(A) In the event the 
        contracting officer is unable to determine proposed prices are 
        fair and reasonable by any other means, an offeror who fails to 
        make a good faith effort to comply with a reasonable request to 
        submit data in accordance with paragraph (1) is ineligible for 
        award unless the head of the contracting activity, or the 
        designee of the head of contracting activity, determines that it 
        is in the best interest of the Government to make the award to 
        that offeror, based on consideration of pertinent factors, 
        including the following:
                    ``(i) The effort to obtain the data.
                    ``(ii) Availability of other sources of supply of 
                the item or service.
                    ``(iii) The urgency or criticality of the 
                Government's need for the item or service.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1484]]

                    ``(iv) Reasonableness of the price of the contract, 
                subcontract, or modification of the contract or 
                subcontract based on information available to the 
                contracting officer.
                    ``(v) Rationale or justification made by the offeror 
                for not providing the requested data.
                    ``(vi) Risk to the Government if award is not made.
            ``(B)(i) Any new determination made by the head of the 
        contracting activity under subparagraph (A) shall be reported to 
        the Principal Director, Defense Pricing and Contracting on a 
        quarterly basis.
            ``(ii) <<NOTE: Reports. Time period.>>  The Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, or a designee, shall 
        produce an annual report identifying offerors that have denied 
        multiple requests for submission of uncertified cost or pricing 
        data over the preceding three-year period, but nevertheless 
        received an award. <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  The report shall 
        identify products or services offered by such offerors that 
        should undergo should-cost analysis. The Secretary of Defense 
        may include a notation on such offerors in the system used by 
        the Federal Government to monitor or record contractor past 
        performance. <<NOTE: Assessment. Strategies.>>  The Under 
        Secretary shall assess the extent to which these offerors are 
        sole source providers within the defense industrial base and 
        shall develop strategies to incentivize new entrants into the 
        industrial base to increase the availability of other sources of 
        supply for the product or service.''.
SEC. 804. COMPTROLLER GENERAL REPORT ON PRICE REASONABLENESS.

    Not later than March 31, 2021, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the congressional defense committees, the 
Committee on Oversight and Reform of the House of Representatives, and 
the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs of the 
Senate a report on the efforts of the Secretary of Defense to secure 
data relating to the price reasonableness of offers from offerors. The 
report shall include a review of--
            (1) the number of, and justification for, any waiver of 
        requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing data 
        for sole source contracts for spare parts issued during fiscal 
        years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 2306a(b)(1)(C) of 
        title 10, United States Code;
            (2) the number of, and justification for, any exception to 
        the requirements for submission of certified cost or pricing 
        data for sole source contracts for spare parts provided during 
        fiscal years 2015 through 2019 pursuant to section 
        2306a(b)(1)(B) of title 10, United States Code;
            (3) the number of contracts awarded for which a request for 
        cost or pricing data, including data other than certified cost 
        or pricing data, to determine price reasonableness was denied by 
        an offeror at the time of award;
            (4) actions taken by the Secretary if an offeror refused to 
        provide requested data described in paragraph (2), including--
                    (A) whether the contracting officer included a 
                notation in the system used by the Federal Government to 
                monitor or record contractor past performance regarding 
                the refusal of an offeror to provide such data;

[[Page 133 STAT. 1485]]

                    (B) any strategies developed by the Secretary to 
                acquire the good that was the subject of a contract for 
                which the offeror refused to provide such data in the 
                future without the need for such a waiver.
SEC. 805. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF FUNDS RELATED TO COST OVERRUNS 
                        AND COST UNDERRUNS.

    (a) In General.--Section 828(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 
2430 note) is amended by striking ``For each of fiscal years 2018 
through 2022'' and inserting ``For fiscal years 2018 and 2019''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 825 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 
1466; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note) is amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: Repeal.>>  by repealing subsection (b); and
            (2) by striking ``(a) In General.--''.
SEC. 806. STANDARDIZING DATA COLLECTION AND REPORTING ON USE OF 
                        SOURCE SELECTION PROCEDURES BY FEDERAL 
                        AGENCIES.

    (a) Repeal of Government Accountability Office Reporting 
Requirements on Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Source 
Selection Criteria.--
            (1) Department of defense.--Section 813 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 U.S.C. 2305 
        note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
            (2) Other agencies.--Section 880 of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
        Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1910; 41 U.S.C. 3701 note) is amended by 
        striking subsection (d) and redesignating subsection (e) as 
        subsection (d).

    (b) <<NOTE: 41 USC 1122 note.>>  Revision to the Federal Procurement 
Data System.-- <<NOTE: Deadline. Coordination.>> Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Administrator of 
General Services, in coordination with the Administrator for Federal 
Procurement Policy, shall direct appropriate revisions to the Federal 
procurement data system established pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of 
title 41, United States Code (or any successor system), to facilitate 
the collection of complete, timely, and reliable data on the source 
selection processes used by Federal agencies for the contract actions 
being reported in the system. The Administrator of General Services 
shall ensure that data are collected--
            (1) at a minimum, on the usage of the lowest price 
        technically acceptable contracting methods and best value 
        contracting methods process; and
            (2) on all applicable contracting actions, including task 
        orders or delivery orders issued under indefinite delivery-
        indefinite quantity contracts.
SEC. 807. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE USE OF FIXED-PRICE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Department of Defense Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall review how the Department of 
        Defense informs decisions to use fixed-price contracts to 
        support broader acquisition objectives to ensure that such 
        decisions are made strategically and consistently. The review

[[Page 133 STAT. 1486]]

        should include decisions on the use of the various types of 
        fixed price contracts, including fixed-price incentive 
        contracts.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than February 
        1, 2020, the Under Secretary shall brief the congressional 
        defense committees on the findings of the review required under 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Comptroller General Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the Department of 
        Defense's use of fixed-price contracts, including different 
        types of fixed-price contracts.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report required 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the extent to which fixed-price 
                contracts have been used over time and the conditions in 
                which they are used.
                    (B) An assessment of the effects of the decisions to 
                use fixed-price contract types, such as any additional 
                costs or savings or efficiencies in contract 
                administration.
                    (C) An assessment of how decisions to use various 
                types of fixed-price contracts affects the contract 
                closeout process.

    (c) <<NOTE: 22 USC 2762 note.>>  Delayed Implementation of 
Regulations Requiring the Use of Fixed-Price Contracts for Foreign 
Military Sales.--The <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  regulations prescribed 
pursuant to section 830(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 22 U.S.C. 2762 note) shall not 
take effect until December 31, 2020. The regulations as so prescribed 
shall take into account the findings of the review conducted under 
subsection (a)(1).
SEC. 808. REPEAL OF CONTINUATION OF DATA RIGHTS DURING CHALLENGES.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 866 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
1901; 10 U.S.C. 2321) is repealed.
    (b) Restoration of Amended Provision.--Subsection (i) of section 
2321 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(i) Rights and Liability Upon Final Disposition.--(1) If, upon 
final disposition, the contracting officer's challenge to the use or 
release restriction is sustained--
            ``(A) the restriction shall be cancelled; and
            ``(B) if the asserted restriction is found not to be 
        substantially justified, the contractor or subcontractor 
        asserting the restriction shall be liable to the United States 
        for payment of the cost to the United States of reviewing the 
        asserted restriction and the fees and other expenses (as defined 
        in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by the United 
        States in challenging the asserted restriction, unless special 
        circumstances would make such payment unjust.

    ``(2) If, upon final disposition, the contracting officer's 
challenge to the use or release restriction is not sustained--
            ``(A) the United States shall continue to be bound by the 
        restriction; and
            ``(B) the United States shall be liable for payment to the 
        party asserting the restriction for fees and other expenses (as

[[Page 133 STAT. 1487]]

        defined in section 2412(d)(2)(A) of title 28) incurred by the 
        party asserting the restriction in defending the asserted 
        restriction if the challenge by the United States is found not 
        to be made in good faith.''.
SEC. 809. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY TO WAIVE ACQUISITION LAWS TO ACQUIRE 
                        VITAL NATIONAL SECURITY CAPABILITIES.

    Section 806 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is repealed.
SEC. 810. REPEAL OF THE DEFENSE COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 190 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 7 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 171 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 190.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

SEC. 815. MODIFICATION OF DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL TEST AND 
                        EVALUATION REPORT.

    Section 139(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``, through January 31, 
        2021'' and inserting ``, through January 31, 2025''; and
            (2) by amending paragraph (5) to read as follows:

    ``(5) The Director shall solicit comments from the Secretaries of 
the military departments on each report of the Director to Congress 
under this section and include any comments as an appendix to the 
Director's report. <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Director shall 
determine the amount of time available for the Secretaries to comment on 
the draft report on a case by case basis, and consider the extent to 
which substantive discussions have already been held between the 
Director and the military department. The Director shall reserve the 
right to issue the report without comment from a military department if 
the department's comments are not received within the time provided, and 
shall indicate any such omission in the report.''.
SEC. 816. MODIFICATION OF WRITTEN APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR TASK 
                        AND DELIVERY ORDER SINGLE CONTRACT AWARDS.

    Section 2304a(d)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by redesignating clauses (i) and 
        (ii) as subclauses (I) and (II), respectively;
            (2) by redesignating subparagraphs (A), (B), (C), and (D) as 
        clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv), respectively;
            (3) by striking ``No task or delivery order contract'' and 
        inserting ``(A) Except as provided under subparagraph (B), no 
        task or delivery order contract''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  A task or delivery order contract in 
an amount estimated to exceed $100,000,000 (including all options) may 
be awarded to a single source without the written determination 
otherwise required under subparagraph (A) if the head of the agency has

[[Page 133 STAT. 1488]]

made a written determination pursuant to section 2304(c) of this title 
that procedures other than competitive procedures may be used for the 
awarding of such contract.''.
SEC. 817. RESPONSIBILITY FOR DATA ANALYSIS AND REQUIREMENTS 
                        VALIDATION FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2329 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``, acting through the 
        Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost 
        Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of 
        Defense'';
            (2) in subsection (b), in the matter preceding paragraph 
        (1), by inserting ``, acting through the Under Secretary of 
        Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost Assessment and 
        Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of Defense''; and
            (3) in subsection (c)(2)(A), by inserting ``, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Director of 
        Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation,'' after ``Secretary of 
        Defense''.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 818(b) of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
232; 132 Stat. 1852) is amended by striking ``the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment'' and inserting ``the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) and Director of Cost Assessment and 
Program Evaluation''.
SEC. 818. DOCUMENTATION OF MARKET RESEARCH RELATED TO COMMERCIAL 
                        ITEM DETERMINATIONS.

    (a) Department of Defense Procurements.--
            (1) In general.--Section 2377(c) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(4) The head of an agency shall document the results of 
        market research in a manner appropriate to the size and 
        complexity of the acquisition.''.
            (2) Conforming amendment related to prospective amendment.--
        Section 836(d)(3)(C)(ii) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232) is 
        amended <<NOTE: 132 Stat. 1867.>>  by striking ``in paragraph 
        (4)'' and inserting ``in paragraph (5)''.

    (b) Civilian Agency Procurements.--Section 3307(d) of title 41, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) Documentation.--The head of the agency shall document 
        the results of market research in a manner appropriate to the 
        size and complexity of the acquisition.''.
SEC. 819. AVAILABILITY OF DATA ON THE USE OF OTHER TRANSACTION 
                        AUTHORITY AND REPORT ON THE USE OF 
                        AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT PROTOTYPE PROJECTS.

    Section 873 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1905; 10 U.S.C. 2371 
note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)--

[[Page 133 STAT. 1489]]

                    (A) by striking the period at the end and inserting 
                ``; and'';
                    (B) by striking ``shall analyze'' and inserting the 
                following: ``shall--
            ``(1) analyze''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(2) make the data collected under subsection (a) 
        accessible to any official designated by the Secretary of 
        Defense for inclusion by such official in relevant reports made 
        by such official.''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:

    ``(c) Report Required.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and 
        annually thereafter through December 31, 2023, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the use of other transaction authority to carry out 
        prototype projects during the preceding fiscal 
        year. <<NOTE: Summary.>>  Each report shall summarize the data 
        collected under subsection (a) on the nature and extent of each 
        such use of the authority, including a description--
                    ``(A) of the participants to an agreement entered 
                into pursuant to the authority of subsection (a) of 
                section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, or a 
                follow-on contract or transaction entered into pursuant 
                to the authority of subsection (f) of such section;
                    ``(B) of the quantity of prototype projects to be 
                produced pursuant to such an agreement, follow-on 
                contract, or transaction;
                    ``(C) of the amount of payments made pursuant to 
                each such agreement, follow-on contract, or transaction;
                    ``(D) of the purpose, description, and status of 
                prototype projects carried out pursuant to each such 
                agreement, follow-on contract, or transaction; and
                    ``(E) including case examples, of the successes and 
                challenges with using the authority of such subsection 
                (a) or (f).
            ``(2) Form of report.--A report required under this 
        subsection shall be submitted in unclassified form without any 
        designation relating to dissemination control, but may contain a 
        classified annex.''.
SEC. 820. NOTIFICATION OF NAVY PROCUREMENT PRODUCTION DISRUPTIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2339b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2339b.>>  Notification of Navy 
                    procurement production disruptions

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Requirement for Contractor 
To Provide Notice of Delays.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require 
prime contractors of any Navy procurement program funded under either 
the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account or the Other Procurement, 
Navy account to report within 15 calendar days any stop work order or 
other manufacturing disruption of 15 calendar days or more, by the prime 
contractor or any subcontractor, to the respective program manager and 
Navy technical authority.

[[Page 133 STAT. 1490]]

    ``(b) Quarterly Reports.--The Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees not later than 15 calendar days 
after the end of each quarter of a fiscal year a report listing all 
notifications made pursuant to subsection (a) during the preceding 
quarter.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 2301 
prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 
2339a the following new item:

``2339b. Notification of Navy procurement production disruptions.''.

SEC. 821. MODIFICATION TO ACQUISITION AUTHORITY OF THE COMMANDER 
                        OF THE UNITED STATES CYBER COMMAND.

    Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2224 note) is amended by 
inserting ``on new contract efforts'' after ``may not obligate or expend 
more than $75,000,000''.
SEC. 822. EXTENSION OF NEVER CONTRACT WITH THE ENEMY.

    Section 841(n) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2015 (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2021'' and inserting ``December 31, 2023''.
SEC. 823. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2304 note.>>  MODIFICATION OF 
                        JUSTIFICATION AND APPROVAL REQUIREMENT FOR 
                        CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CONTRACTS.

    (a) Modification of Justification and Approval Requirement.--
Notwithstanding section 811 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2405)--
            (1) no justification and approval is required under such 
        section for a sole-source contract awarded by the Department of 
        Defense in a covered procurement for an amount not exceeding 
        $100,000,000; and
            (2) for purposes of subsections (a)(2) and (c)(3)(A) of such 
        section, the appropriate official designated to approve the 
        justification for a sole-source contract awarded by the 
        Department of Defense in a covered procurement exceeding 
        $100,000,000 is the official designated in section 
        2304(f)(1)(B)(ii) of title 10, United States Code.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance to implement the authority under subsection (a).

    (c) Comptroller General Review.--
            (1) Data tracking and collection.--The Department of Defense 
        shall track the use of the authority as modified by subsection 
        (a) and make the data available to the Comptroller General for 
        purposes of the report required under paragraph (2).
            (2) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2022, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit a report to the 
        c