[116th Congress Public Law 283]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 3387]]

                      WILLIAM M. (MAC) THORNBERRY 
                   NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT 
                          FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021

                                     

                                     

                                     

                                     





<star> (Star Print)

[[Page 134 STAT. 3388]]

Public Law 116-283
116th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Jan. 1, 
                         2021 -  [H.R. 6395]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into eight divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--National Artificial Intelligence Initiative 
        Act of 2020
            (6) Division F--Anti-Money Laundering
            (7) Division G--Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard Authorization 
        Act of 2020
            (8) Division H--Other Matters

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
           defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
           Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
           cannon tubes.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3389]]

Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
           programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
           by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
           waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
           ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
           aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
           retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
           aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
           retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the European 
           theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
           and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
           aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
           Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
           limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
           Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
           areas.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
           and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
           electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
           Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority for 
           F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
           System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
           aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
           acquisition roadmap for the United States Special Operations 
           Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
           surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by United 
           States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
           aircraft locator beacons.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
           research and development agreements.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3390]]

Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
           Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
           pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
           innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
           Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
           research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
           supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
           research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
           Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
           capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
           research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
           fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
           support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
           Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
           development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
           Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
           pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
           intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
           Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship of 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
           talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
           and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
           practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
           certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
           technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
           students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
           activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
           talent in the Department of Defense.

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
           Test and Evaluation.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3391]]

Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic plan 
           reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
           include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
           establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
           activities on work with academic consortia on high priority 
           cybersecurity research activities in Department of Defense 
           capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
           Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
           testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
           biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison with 
           adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
           capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
           for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
           United States to recruit and retain researchers in national 
           security-related and defense-related fields.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for 
           review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
           where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
           projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
           resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
           installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
           of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
           flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
           Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and installations of 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
           energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
           Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
           Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy 
           for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
           roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
           levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
           wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
           agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
           in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
           foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
           polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
           items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
           perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
           forming foam.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3392]]

Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
           exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
           health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
           contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
           with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
           carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
           maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
           deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
           Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
           systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
           of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to implementing 
           changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
           enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
           munitions enterprise.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
           uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
           installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
           limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
           background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
           overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
           emergency response recommendations relating to active shooter 
           or terrorist attacks on installations of Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
           beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of Defense 
           that commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
           person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
           America.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
           for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
           Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
           for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and end 
           strengths for temporary military technicians (dual status).

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3393]]

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
           duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
           service credit in a particular career field upon original 
           appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
           higher placement on promotion list of officers of particular 
           merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
           officers subject to adverse information identified after 
           recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
           alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
           grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
           officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
           engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in 
           high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national 
           emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
           of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
           travel or duty restrictions in computations of entitlement to 
           and amounts of retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
           perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 
           emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
           CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
           and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
           the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
           responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
           the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
           Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
           furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on 
           sexual orientation.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
           connection with applications for change of station or unit 
           transfer of members who are victims of sexual assault or 
           related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
           Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3394]]

Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
           Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
           duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
           Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
           sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
           involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of alleged 
           victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of sexual 
           assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
           discharging the sexual harassment policies and programs of 
           the Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
           offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
           Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
           perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
           academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-
           Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
           of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
           filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
           Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
           Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
           certain persons from investigative reports, the Department of 
           Defense Central Index of Investigations, and other records 
           and databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
           certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
           implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
           recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment of 
           racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military 
           justice system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
           dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
           vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or 
           illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
           response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes against 
           children, and serious harmful behavior between children and 
           youth involving military dependents on military 
           installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic violence 
           in the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551. Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
           matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
           respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
           workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
           Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or criminal 
           gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
           certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
           units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
           opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3395]]

Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
           radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
           Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
           improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
           States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
           Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
           service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
           educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
           Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
           programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications 
           to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
           officers.

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; review; 
           report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
           immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
           child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
           Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
           Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
           the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
           dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
           to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
           domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
           Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
           campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members of 
           the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent students 
           with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
           Defense Education Activity.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
           Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
           Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
           purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
           assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the Federal 
           Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
           other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
           deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
           members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
           future financial hardships.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3396]]

Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
           Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and 
           Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
           veterans on national security, foreign policy, and economic 
           and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for maternity 
           leave taken by members of the reserve components.
Sec. 603. Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who receive 
           basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 604. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
           transportation allowances.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
           fares and tolls.
Sec. 606. One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to the 
           Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
           professions.
Sec. 613. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
           of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the 
           uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
           required for family separation allowance for members of the 
           uniformed services.

    Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain Reserves 
           while on duty.
Sec. 622. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
           members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a permanent 
           change of station.
Sec. 623. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
           dependents.
Sec. 625. Gold Star Families Parks Pass.
Sec. 626. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
           care services and youth program services for dependents.
Sec. 627. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
           the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family home 
           day care services.
Sec. 628. Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP contributions by 
           military spouses.
Sec. 629. Report on implications of expansion of authority to provide 
           financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
           services or youth program services for survivors of members 
           of the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.
Sec. 629A. Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits for 
           surviving remarried spouses with dependent children of 
           members of the Armed Forces who die while on active duty or 
           certain reserve duty.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
           defense resale system.

             Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
           of the uniformed services.
Sec. 642. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
           lodging program.
Sec. 643. Operation of Stars and Stripes.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Improvement to breast cancer screening.
Sec. 702. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
           medical treatment provided at military medical treatment 
           facilities.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3397]]

Sec. 703. Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider type 
           referral and supervision requirements under TRICARE program.
Sec. 704. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care 
           Health Option program.
Sec. 705. Sale of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
           maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy benefits 
           program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Repeal of administration of TRICARE dental plans through 
           Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 712. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.
Sec. 713. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical 
           supplies in national security strategy for national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 714. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of the 
           Health Sciences.
Sec. 715. Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
           University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 716. Temporary exemption for Uniformed Services University of the 
           Health Sciences from certain Paperwork Reduction Act 
           requirements.
Sec. 717. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of 
           military medical manning end strength.
Sec. 718. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
           realignment of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 719. Policy to address prescription opioid safety.
Sec. 720. Addition of burn pit registration and other information to 
           electronic health records of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 721. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
           postdeployment health reassessments.

                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

Sec. 731. COVID-19 military health system review panel.
Sec. 732. Department of Defense pandemic preparedness.
Sec. 733. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
           National Guard serving under orders in response to the 
           coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 734. Registry of certain TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with 
           COVID-19.
Sec. 735. Health assessments of veterans diagnosed with pandemic 
           diseases to determine exposure to open burn pits and toxic 
           airborne chemicals.
Sec. 736. Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
           services to members of the Armed Forces during the COVID-19 
           pandemic.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
           partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical surge 
           capability and capacity of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 742. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
           suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 743. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
           Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
           Fund.
Sec. 744. Military Health System Clinical Quality Management Program.
Sec. 745. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 746. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
Sec. 747. Briefing on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 748. Audit of medical conditions of residents in privatized 
           military housing.
Sec. 749. Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
           treatment at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 750. Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality among 
           military aviators and aviation support personnel.
Sec. 751. Study on exposure to toxic substances at Karshi-Khanabad Air 
           Base, Uzbekistan.
Sec. 752. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
           the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations outside 
           the contiguous United States.
Sec. 753. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at certain 
           military installations.
Sec. 754. Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
           health conditions among members of the Armed Forces and their 
           dependents.
Sec. 755. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
           National Guard and reserve components.
Sec. 756. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
           Armed Forces.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3398]]

Sec. 757. Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
           readiness of medical force of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 758. Report on billing practices for health care from Department of 
           Defense.

 Subtitle E--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                    for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 761. Short title.
Sec. 762. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
           related outpatient services from Department of Veterans 
           Affairs to include members of reserve components of the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 763. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
           Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of the 
           Armed Forces.
Sec. 764. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
           programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 765. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
           Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed 
           Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Report on acquisition risk assessment and mitigation as part 
           of Adaptive Acquisition Framework implementation.
Sec. 802. Improving planning, execution, and oversight of life cycle 
           sustainment activities.
Sec. 803. Disclosures for offerors for certain shipbuilding major 
           defense acquisition program contracts.
Sec. 804. Implementation of modular open systems approaches.
Sec. 805. Congressional notification of termination of a middle tier 
           acquisition program.
Sec. 806. Definition of material weakness for contractor business 
           systems.
Sec. 807. Space system acquisition and the adaptive acquisition 
           framework.
Sec. 808. Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint Artificial 
           Intelligence Center.
Sec. 809. Assessments of the process for developing capability 
           requirements for Department of Defense acquisition programs.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Inclusion of software in Government performance of acquisition 
           functions.
Sec. 813. Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of acquisition 
           programs and related initiatives.
Sec. 814. Cost or pricing data reporting requirements for Department of 
           Defense contracts.
Sec. 815. Prompt payment of contractors.
Sec. 816. Documentation pertaining to commercial item determinations.
Sec. 817. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to sourcing 
           requirements for certain articles.
Sec. 818. Repeal of program for qualified apprentices for military 
           construction contracts.
Sec. 819. Modifications to mitigating risks related to foreign 
           ownership, control, or influence of Department of Defense 
           contractors and subcontractors.
Sec. 820. Contract closeout authority for services contracts.
Sec. 821. Revision of proof required when using an evaluation factor for 
           employing or subcontracting with members of the Selected 
           Reserve.

       Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

Sec. 831. Contract authority for development and demonstration of 
           initial or additional prototype units.
Sec. 832. Extension of pilot program for streamlined awards for 
           innovative technology programs.
Sec. 833. Listing of other transaction authority consortia.
Sec. 834. Pilot program on the use of consumption-based solutions to 
           address software-intensive warfighting capability.
Sec. 835. Balancing security and innovation in software development and 
           acquisition.
Sec. 836. Digital modernization of analytical and decision-support 
           processes for managing and overseeing Department of Defense 
           acquisition programs.
Sec. 837. Safeguarding defense-sensitive United States intellectual 
           property, technology, and other data and information.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3399]]

Sec. 838. Comptroller General report on implementation of software 
           acquisition reforms.
Sec. 839. Comptroller General report on intellectual property 
           acquisition and licensing.

                   Subtitle D--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.
Sec. 842. Report on nonavailability determinations and quarterly 
           national technology and industrial base briefings.
Sec. 843. Modification of framework for modernizing acquisition 
           processes to ensure integrity of industrial base and 
           inclusion of optical transmission components.
Sec. 844. Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal 
           products.
Sec. 845. Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods other 
           than United States goods.
Sec. 846. Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 847. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
           eliminating the gaps and vulnerabilities in the national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 848. Supply of strategic and critical materials for the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 849. Analyses of certain activities for action to address sourcing 
           and industrial capacity.
Sec. 850. Implementation of recommendations for assessing and 
           strengthening the manufacturing and defense industrial base 
           and supply chain resiliency.
Sec. 851. Report on strategic and critical materials.
Sec. 852. Report on aluminum refining, processing, and manufacturing.

                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

Sec. 861. Initiatives to support small businesses in the national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 862. Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned and 
           controlled by veterans or service-disabled veterans to the 
           Small Business Administration.
Sec. 863. Employment size standard requirements for small business 
           concerns.
Sec. 864. Maximum award price for sole source manufacturing contracts.
Sec. 865. Reporting requirement on expenditure amounts for the Small 
           Business Innovation Research Program and the Small Business 
           Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 866. Small businesses in territories of the United States.
Sec. 867. Eligibility of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
           Islands for certain Small Business Administration programs.
Sec. 868. Past performance ratings of certain small business concerns.
Sec. 869. Extension of participation in 8(a) program.
Sec. 870. Compliance of Offices of Small Business and Disadvantaged 
           Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Category management training.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Review of and report on overdue acquisition and cross-
           servicing agreement transactions.
Sec. 882. Domestic comparative testing activities.
Sec. 883. Prohibition on awarding of contracts to contractors that 
           require nondisclosure agreements relating to waste, fraud, or 
           abuse.
Sec. 884. Program management improvement officers and program management 
           policy council.
Sec. 885. Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal agency 
           contract and grant officers.
Sec. 886. Repeal of pilot program on payment of costs for denied 
           Government Accountability Office bid protests.
Sec. 887. Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain 
           foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Revision to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for 
           foreign military sales.
Sec. 889. Assessment and enhancement of national security innovation 
           base.
Sec. 890. Identification of certain contracts relating to construction 
           or maintenance of a border wall.
Sec. 891. Waivers of certain conditions for progress payments under 
           certain contracts during the COVID-19 national emergency.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3400]]

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 902. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
           Intensity Conflict and related matters.
Sec. 903. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy.
Sec. 904. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
           Environment.
Sec. 905. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation.
Sec. 906. Input from the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the 
           Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 907. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the 
           Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 908. Modernization of process used by the Department of Defense to 
           identify, task, and manage Congressional reporting 
           requirements.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 911. Reform of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 912. Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce.
Sec. 913. Chief Diversity Officer and Senior Advisors for Diversity and 
           Inclusion.
Sec. 914. Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative 
           content delivery methods within the Defense Media Activity.

                     Subtitle C--Space Force Matters

Sec. 921. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 922. Clarification of Space Force and Chief of Space Operations 
           authorities.
Sec. 923. Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions in title 
           10, United States Code.
Sec. 924. Amendments to other provisions of title 10, United States 
           Code.
Sec. 925. Amendments to provisions of law relating to pay and 
           allowances.
Sec. 926. Amendments to provisions of law relating to veterans' 
           benefits.
Sec. 927. Amendments to other provisions of the United States Code and 
           other laws.
Sec. 928. Applicability to other provisions of law.
Sec. 929. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members 
           in pay grades E-8 and E-9.
Sec. 930. Limitation on transfer of military installations to the 
           jurisdiction of the Space Force.
Sec. 931. Organization of the Space Force.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budget materials for special operations forces.
Sec. 1003. Application of Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation 
           Plan to fiscal years following fiscal year 2020.
Sec. 1004. Incentives for the achievement by the components of the 
           Department of Defense of unqualified audit opinions on the 
           financial statements.
Sec. 1005. Audit readiness and remediation.
Sec. 1006. Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the list of 
           officers providing reports of unfunded priorities.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Quarterly reports on Department of Defense support provided 
           to other United States agencies for counterdrug activities 
           and activities to counter transnational organized crime.

                        Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1021. Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval 
           vessels plan and certification.
Sec. 1022. Limitations on use of funds in National Defense Sealift Fund 
           for purchase of foreign constructed vessels.
Sec. 1023. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for incrementally 
           funded contracts to provide full funding for Columbia class 
           submarines.
Sec. 1024. Preference for United States vessels in transporting supplies 
           by sea.
Sec. 1025. Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels in 
           foreign shipyards.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3401]]

Sec. 1026. Biennial report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
           industrial base.
Sec. 1027. Modification of waiver authority on prohibition on use of 
           funds for retirement of certain legacy maritime mine 
           countermeasure platforms.
Sec. 1028. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
           certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1029. Working group on stabilization of Navy shipbuilding 
           industrial base workforce.
Sec. 1030. Limitation on naval force structure changes.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
           modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
           transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
           Cuba.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
           release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
           Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
           relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
           Bay, Cuba.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Support of special operations to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1052. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense clandestine 
           activities that support operational preparation of the 
           environment.
Sec. 1053. Sale or donation of excess Department of Defense personal 
           property for law enforcement activities.
Sec. 1054. Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft 
           carriers before first refueling.
Sec. 1055. Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership 
           Program.
Sec. 1056. Modification and technical correction to Department of 
           Defense authority to provide assistance along the southern 
           land border of the United States.
Sec. 1057. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Considerations relating to permanently basing United States 
           equipment or additional forces in host countries with at-risk 
           vendors in 5G or 6G networks.
Sec. 1059. Public availability of Department of Defense legislative 
           proposals.
Sec. 1060. Arctic planning, research, and development.
Sec. 1061. Authority to establish a movement coordination center pacific 
           in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1062. Limitation on provision of funds to institutions of higher 
           education hosting Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1063. Support for national maritime heritage grants program.
Sec. 1064. Requirements for use of Federal law enforcement personnel, 
           active duty members of the Armed Forces, and National Guard 
           personnel in support of Federal authorities to respond to 
           civil disturbances.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1071. FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies.
Sec. 1072. Study on force structure for Marine Corps aviation.
Sec. 1073. Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific 
           region.
Sec. 1074. Reports on threats to United States forces from small 
           unmanned aircraft systems worldwide.
Sec. 1075. Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) reports on improving 
           the budget justification and related materials of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1076. Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and Control 
           effort.
Sec. 1077. Report on civilian casualty resourcing and authorities.
Sec. 1078. Comptroller General Review of Department of Defense efforts 
           to prevent resale of goods manufactured by forced labor in 
           commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 1079. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense processes 
           for responding to congressional reporting requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Reporting of adverse events relating to consumer products on 
           military installations.
Sec. 1083. Modification to First Division monument.
Sec. 1084. Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian casualties 
           resulting from United States military operations.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3402]]

Sec. 1085. Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace.
Sec. 1086.  Duties of Secretary under uniformed and overseas citizens 
           absentee voting act.
Sec. 1087. Mitigation of military helicopter noise.
Sec. 1088. Congressional expression of support for designation of 
           National Borinqueneers Day.
Sec. 1089. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.
Sec. 1090. Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring 
           requirements for certain military training.
Sec. 1091. Personal protective equipment matters.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Department of Defense policy on unclassified workspaces and 
           job functions of personnel with pending security clearances.
Sec. 1102. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Paid parental leave technical corrections.
Sec. 1104. Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances in 
           connection with transfer ceremonies of certain civilian 
           employees who die overseas.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
           premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
           civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
           allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
           official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1107. Civilian faculty at the Defense Security Cooperation 
           University and Institute of Security Governance.
Sec. 1108. Temporary authority to appoint retired members of the Armed 
           Forces to positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1109. Fire fighters alternative work schedule demonstration project 
           for the Navy Region Mid-Atlantic Fire and Emergency Services.
Sec. 1110. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
           payments and other payments for Federal Government personnel 
           under chief of mission authority.
Sec. 1111. Temporary increase in limitation on accumulation of annual 
           leave for Executive branch employees.
Sec. 1112. Telework travel expenses program of the United States Patent 
           and Trademark Office.
Sec. 1113. Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for Department of 
           the Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in 
           support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
           deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1114. Enhanced pay authority for certain acquisition and technology 
           positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1115. Enhanced pay authority for certain research and technology 
           positions in the science and technology reinvention 
           laboratories of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1116. Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation authority 
           for civilian personnel for care and treatment of wounded and 
           injured members of the armed forces.
Sec. 1117. Expansion of direct hire authority for certain Department of 
           Defense personnel to include installation military housing 
           office positions supervising privatized military housing.
Sec. 1118. Extension of sunset of inapplicability of certification of 
           executive qualifications by qualification certification 
           review board of office of personnel management for initial 
           appointments to senior executive service positions in 
           department of defense.
Sec. 1119. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain high-
           level management positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1120. Recruitment incentives for placement at remote locations.
Sec. 1121. Technical amendments regarding reimbursement of Federal, 
           State, and local income taxes incurred during travel, 
           transportation, and relocation.

 Subtitle B--Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act 
                                 of 2020

Sec. 1131. Short title.
Sec. 1132. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1133. Notification of violation.
Sec. 1134. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 1135. Data to be posted by employing Federal agencies.
Sec. 1136. Data to be posted by the Equal Employment Opportunity 
           Commission.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3403]]

Sec. 1137. Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and 
           Retaliation Act of 2002 amendments.
Sec. 1138. Nondisclosure agreement limitation.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Authority to build capacity for additional operations.
Sec. 1202. Participation in European program on multilateral exchange of 
           surface transportation services.
Sec. 1203. Participation in programs relating to coordination or 
           exchange of air refueling and air transportation services.
Sec. 1204. Reciprocal patient movement agreements.
Sec. 1205. Modification to the Inter-European Air Forces Academy.
Sec. 1206. Modification of authority for participation in multinational 
           centers of excellence.
Sec. 1207. Modification and extension of support of special operations 
           for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility 
           multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1209. Modification and extension of update of Department of Defense 
           Freedom of Navigation Report.
Sec. 1210. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
           security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1210A. Extension of Department of Defense support for stabilization 
           activities in national security interest of the United 
           States.
Sec. 1210B. Extension of report on workforce development.
Sec. 1210C. Plan to increase participation in international military 
           education and training programs.
Sec. 1210D. Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk 
           countries.
Sec. 1210E. Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 
           2017.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
           certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
           States military operations.
Sec. 1212. Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of support for reconciliation 
           activities led by the Government of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
           Program.
Sec. 1215. Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to 
           Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial process 
           of cultural objects.
Sec. 1217. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban 
           officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive peace process.
Sec. 1218. Strategy for post-conflict engagement on human rights in 
           Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification to report on enhancing security and stability in 
           Afghanistan.
Sec. 1220. Report on Operation Freedom's Sentinel.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
           to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
           to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
           and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
           support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Report and budget details regarding Operation Spartan Shield.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
           United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Matters relating to United States participation in the Open 
           Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
           of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Annual report on military and security developments involving 
           the Russian Federation.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3404]]

Sec. 1235. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
           Initiative.
Sec. 1236. Report on capability and capacity requirements of military 
           forces of Ukraine and resource plan for security assistance.
Sec. 1237. Report on Russian Federation support of racially and 
           ethnically motivated violent extremists.
Sec. 1238. Authorization of rewards for providing information on foreign 
           election interference.

             Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to 
           Turkey's acquisition of the S-400 air defense system.
Sec. 1242. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
           construction of Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream pipeline 
           projects.
Sec. 1243. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
           national security forces in the course of multilateral 
           exercises.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on United States force structure reductions in 
           Germany.
Sec. 1246. Report on United States military force posture in 
           Southeastern Europe.
Sec. 1247. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to ensure 
           the security of Baltic allies.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on the role of the Kosovo Force of the 
           North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Pacific Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Extension and modification of prohibition on commercial 
           export of certain covered munitions items to the Hong Kong 
           Police Force.
Sec. 1253. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1254. Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for Vietnamese 
           personnel missing in action.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on the United States-Vietnam defense 
           relationship.
Sec. 1256. Pilot program to improve cyber cooperation with Vietnam, 
           Thailand, and Indonesia.
Sec. 1257. Report on the costs most directly associated with the 
           stationing of the Armed Forces in Japan.
Sec. 1258. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
           members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
           deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1259. Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of 
           United States forces to counter North Korean chemical and 
           biological weapons.
Sec. 1260. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on the Taiwan 
           Relations Act.
Sec. 1260A. Annual briefing on Taiwan arms sales.
Sec. 1260B. Report on United States-Taiwan medical security partnership.
Sec. 1260C. Establishment of capabilities to assess the defense 
           technological and industrial bases of China and other foreign 
           adversaries.
Sec. 1260D. Extension of annual report on military and security 
           developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260E. Sense of Congress on the aggression of the Government of 
           China along the border with India and its growing territorial 
           claims.
Sec. 1260F. Assessment of National Cyber Strategy to deter China from 
           engaging in industrial espionage and cyber theft.
Sec. 1260G. Report on United Front Work Department.
Sec. 1260H. Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating in 
           the United States.
Sec. 1260I. Report on directed use of fishing fleets.

  Subtitle G--Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and Fiscal 
                        Transparency Act of 2020

Sec. 1261. Short title.
Sec. 1262. Definitions.
Sec. 1263. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1264. Support for democratic governance, rule of law, human rights, 
           and fundamental freedoms.
Sec. 1265. Support for development programs.
Sec. 1266. Support for conflict mitigation.
Sec. 1267. Support for accountability for war crimes, crimes against 
           humanity, and genocide in Sudan.
Sec. 1268. Suspension of assistance.
Sec. 1269. Multilateral assistance.
Sec. 1270. Coordinated support to recover assets stolen from the 
           Sudanese people.
Sec. 1270A. Limitation on assistance to the Sudanese security and 
           intelligence services.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3405]]

Sec. 1270B. Reports.
Sec. 1270C. United States strategy for support to a civilian-led 
           government in Sudan.
Sec. 1270D. Amendments to the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 
           2006.
Sec. 1270E. Repeal of Sudan Peace Act and the Comprehensive Peace in 
           Sudan Act.

 Subtitle H--United States Israel Security Assistance Authorization Act 
                                 of 2020

Sec. 1271. Short title.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress on United States-Israel relationship.
Sec. 1273. Security assistance for Israel.
Sec. 1274. Extension of war reserves stockpile authority.
Sec. 1275. Rules governing the transfer of precision-guided munitions to 
           Israel above the annual restriction.
Sec. 1276. Eligibility of Israel for the strategic trade authorization 
           exception to certain export control licensing requirements.
Sec. 1277. United States Agency for International Development memoranda 
           of understanding to enhance cooperation with Israel.
Sec. 1278. Cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and 
           developing countries.
Sec. 1279. Joint cooperative program related to innovation and high-tech 
           for the Middle East region.
Sec. 1280. Cooperation on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 1280A. Other matters of cooperation.
Sec. 1280B. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

               Subtitle I--Global Child Thrive Act of 2020

Sec. 1281. Short title.
Sec. 1282. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1283. Assistance to improve early childhood outcomes globally.
Sec. 1284. Special advisor for assistance to orphans and vulnerable 
           children.
Sec. 1285. Rule of construction.

       Subtitle J--Matters Relating to Africa and the Middle East

Sec. 1291. Briefing and report relating to reduction in the total number 
           of United States Armed Forces deployed to United States 
           Africa Command area of responsibility.
Sec. 1292. Notification with respect to withdrawal of members of the 
           Armed Forces participating in the Multinational Force and 
           Observers in Egypt.
Sec. 1293. Report on enhancing security partnerships between the United 
           States and African countries.
Sec. 1294. Plan to address gross violations of human rights and civilian 
           harm in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger.
Sec. 1295. Statement of policy and report relating to the conflict in 
           Yemen.
Sec. 1296. Report on United States military support of the Saudi-led 
           coalition in Yemen.
Sec. 1297. Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to 
           United States medical institutions.

                        Subtitle K--Other Matters

Sec. 1299A. Provision of goods and services at Kwajalein Atoll, Republic 
           of the Marshall Islands.
Sec. 1299B. Report on contributions received from designated countries.
Sec. 1299C. Modification to initiative to support protection of national 
           security academic researchers from undue influence and other 
           security threats.
Sec. 1299D. Extension of authorization of non-conventional assisted 
           recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1299E. Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of 
           adversaries.
Sec. 1299F. Countering white identity terrorism globally.
Sec. 1299G. Report on progress of the Department of Defense with respect 
           to denying the strategic goals of a competitor against a 
           covered defense partner.
Sec. 1299H. Comparative studies on defense budget transparency of the 
           People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and the 
           United States.
Sec. 1299I. Assessment of weapons of mass destruction terrorism.
Sec. 1299J. Review of Department of Defense compliance with ``Principles 
           Related to the Protection of Medical Care Provided by 
           Impartial Humanitarian Organizations During Armed 
           Conflicts''.
Sec. 1299K. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1299L. Functional Center for Security Studies in Irregular Warfare.
Sec. 1299M. United States-Israel operations-technology cooperation 
           within the United States-Israel Defense Acquisition Advisory 
           Group.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3406]]

Sec. 1299N. Payment of passport fees for certain individuals.
Sec. 1299O. Resumption of Peace Corps operations.
Sec. 1299P. Establishment of the Open Technology Fund.
Sec. 1299Q. United States Agency for Global Media.
Sec. 1299R. Leveraging information on foreign traffickers.
Sec. 1299S. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
           reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
           Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
           Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Periodic inspections of Armed Forces Retirement Home 
           facilities by nationally recognized accrediting organization.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
           Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
           demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
           Center, Illinois.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.

   TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
                                 MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Space Development Agency development requirements and 
           transfer to Space Force.
Sec. 1602. Personnel management authority for Space Development Agency 
           for experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 1603. Requirement to buy certain satellite component from national 
           technology and industrial base.
Sec. 1604. Conforming amendments relating to reestablishment of Space 
           Command.
Sec. 1605. Clarification of authority for procurement of commercial 
           satellite communications services.
Sec. 1606. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1607. Commercial space domain awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1608. Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3407]]

Sec. 1609. Tactically responsive space launch operations.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program for 
           multi-global navigation satellite system receiver 
           development.
Sec. 1611. Resilient and survivable positioning, navigation, and timing 
           capabilities.
Sec. 1612. Leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing.
Sec. 1613. Strategy to strengthen civil and national security 
           capabilities and operations in space.
Sec. 1614. Report and strategy on space competition with China.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-
           Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1622. National Academies Climate Security Roundtable.
Sec. 1623. Efficient use of sensitive compartmented information 
           facilities.

                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Semiannual updates on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons 
           Council; limitation on availability of funds relating to such 
           updates.
Sec. 1632. Role of Nuclear Weapons Council with respect to performance 
           requirements and budget for nuclear weapons programs.
Sec. 1633. Modification of Government Accountability Office review of 
           annual reports on nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1634. Independent study on nuclear weapons programs of certain 
           foreign countries.
Sec. 1635. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
           missiles of the United States.

                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1641. Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 1642. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
           information and systems.
Sec. 1643. Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense programs 
           to military departments.
Sec. 1644. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General review and 
           assessment of missile defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1645. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
           space sensor payload.
Sec. 1646. Ground-based midcourse defense interim capability.
Sec. 1647. Next generation interceptors.
Sec. 1648. Report on and limitation on availability of funds for layered 
           homeland missile defense system.
Sec. 1649. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
           cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
           production.
Sec. 1650. Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile 
           threats.
Sec. 1651. Reports on cruise missile defense and North Warning System.

     Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Certain Commercial Terrestrial 
                               Operations

Sec. 1661. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes 
           relating to the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating 
           commercial terrestrial communication networks that cause 
           harmful interference with the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1663. Independent technical review of Federal Communications 
           Commission Order 20-48.
Sec. 1664. Estimate of damages from Federal Communications Commission 
           Order 20-48.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Conventional prompt strike.
Sec. 1672. Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports on 
           missile systems and arms control treaties.
Sec. 1673. Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and 
           Nuclear Posture Review.

                 TITLE XVII--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Modification of mission of Cyber Command and assignment of 
           cyber operations forces.
Sec. 1702. Modification of scope of notification requirements for 
           sensitive military cyber operations.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3408]]

Sec. 1703. Modification of requirements for quarterly Department of 
           Defense cyber operations briefings for Congress.
Sec. 1704. Clarification relating to protection from liability of 
           operationally critical contractors.
Sec. 1705. Strengthening Federal networks; CISA cybersecurity support to 
           agencies.
Sec. 1706. Improvements relating to the quadrennial cyber posture 
           review.
Sec. 1707. Modification of authority to use operation and maintenance 
           funds for cyber operations-peculiar capability development 
           projects.
Sec. 1708. Personnel management authority for Commander of United States 
           Cyber Command and development program for offensive cyber 
           operations.
Sec. 1709. Applicability of reorientation of Big Data Platform program 
           to Department of Navy.
Sec. 1710. Report on Cyber Institutes program.
Sec. 1711. Modification of acquisition authority of Commander of United 
           States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1712. Modification of requirements relating to the Strategic 
           Cybersecurity Program and the evaluation of cyber 
           vulnerabilities of major weapon systems of the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 1713. Modification of position of Principal Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 1714. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1715. Establishment in Department of Homeland Security of joint 
           cyber planning office.
Sec. 1716. Subpoena authority.
Sec. 1717. Cybersecurity State Coordinator.
Sec. 1718. Cybersecurity Advisory Committee.
Sec. 1719. Cybersecurity education and training assistance program.
Sec. 1720. Framework for cyber hunt forward operations.
Sec. 1721. Rationalization and integration of parallel cybersecurity 
           architectures and operations.
Sec. 1722. Assessing risk to national security of quantum computing.
Sec. 1723. Tailored cyberspace operations organizations.
Sec. 1724. Responsibility for cybersecurity and critical infrastructure 
           protection of the defense industrial base.
Sec. 1725. Pilot program on remote provision by National Guard to 
           National Guards of other States of cybersecurity technical 
           assistance in training, preparation, and response to cyber 
           incidents.
Sec. 1726. Department of Defense cyber workforce efforts.
Sec. 1727. Reporting requirements for cross domain incidents and 
           exemptions to policies for information technology.
Sec. 1728. Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity.
Sec. 1729. Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National 
           Guard.
Sec. 1730. Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 1731. Integrated cybersecurity center plan.
Sec. 1732. Assessment of cyber operational planning and deconfliction 
           policies and processes.
Sec. 1733. Pilot program on cybersecurity capability metrics.
Sec. 1734. Assessment of effect of inconsistent timing and use of 
           Network Address Translation in Department of Defense 
           networks.
Sec. 1735. Integration of Department of Defense user activity monitoring 
           and cybersecurity.
Sec. 1736. Defense industrial base cybersecurity sensor architecture 
           plan.
Sec. 1737. Assessment on defense industrial base participation in a 
           threat information sharing program.
Sec. 1738. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
           supply chain on matters relating to cybersecurity.
Sec. 1739. Assessment on defense industrial base cybersecurity threat 
           hunting program.
Sec. 1740. Defense Digital Service.
Sec. 1741. Matters concerning the College of Information and Cyberspace 
           and limitation of funding for National Defense University.
Sec. 1742. Department of Defense cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity 
           Maturity Model Certification framework.
Sec. 1743. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
           cybersecurity training center for the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1744. National cyber exercises.
Sec. 1745. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review.
Sec. 1746. Report on enabling United States Cyber Command resource 
           allocation.
Sec. 1747. Ensuring cyber resiliency of nuclear command and control 
           system.
Sec. 1748. Requirements for review of and limitations on the Joint 
           Regional Security Stacks activity.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3409]]

Sec. 1749. Implementation of information operations matters.
Sec. 1750. Report on use of encryption by Department of Defense national 
           security systems.
Sec. 1751. Guidance and direction on use of direct hiring processes for 
           artificial intelligence professionals and other data science 
           and software development personnel.
Sec. 1752. National Cyber Director.

TITLE XVIII--TRANSFER AND REORGANIZATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES

Sec. 1801. Transfer and reorganization of defense acquisition statutes.

                         Subtitle A--Definitions

Sec. 1806. Definitions.
Sec. 1807. General matters.
Sec. 1808. Defense acquisition system.
Sec. 1809. Budgeting and appropriations.
Sec. 1810. Operational contract support.

                    Subtitle B--Acquisition Planning

Sec. 1811. Planning and solicitation generally.
Sec. 1812. Independent cost estimation and cost analysis.
Sec. 1813. Other provisions relating to planning and solicitation 
           generally.

           Subtitle C--Contracting Methods and Contract Types

Sec. 1816. Awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1817. Specific types of contracts.
Sec. 1818. Other matters relating to awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1819. Undefinitized contractual actions.
Sec. 1820. Task and delivery order contracts.
Sec. 1821. Acquisition of commercial products and commercial services.
Sec. 1822. Multiyear contracts.
Sec. 1823. Simplified acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1824. Rapid acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1825. Contracts for long-term lease or charter of vessels, 
           aircraft, and combat vehicles.

               Subtitle D--General Contracting Provisions

Sec. 1831. Cost or pricing data.
Sec. 1832. Allowable costs.
Sec. 1833. Proprietary contractor data and rights in technical data.
Sec. 1834. Contract financing.
Sec. 1835. Contractor audits and accounting.
Sec. 1836. Claims and disputes.
Sec. 1837. Foreign acquisitions.
Sec. 1838. Socioeconomic programs.

                  Subtitle E--Research and Engineering

Sec. 1841. Research and engineering generally.
Sec. 1842. Innovation.
Sec. 1843. Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1844. Research and development centers and facilities.
Sec. 1845. Test and evaluation.

   Subtitle F--Major Systems, Major Defense Acquisition Programs, and 
                       Weapon Systems Development

Sec. 1846. General matters.
Sec. 1847. Major systems and major defense acquisition programs 
           generally.
Sec. 1848. Life-cycle and sustainment.
Sec. 1849. Program status-selected acquisition reports.
Sec. 1850. Cost growth--unit cost reports (Nunn-McCurdy).
Sec. 1851. Weapon systems development and related matters.

           Subtitle G--Other Special Categories of Contracting

Sec. 1856. Acquisition of services generally.
Sec. 1857. Acquisition of information technology.

                     Subtitle H--Contract Management

Sec. 1861. Contract administration.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3410]]

Sec. 1862. Prohibitions and penalties.
Sec. 1863. Contractor workforce.
Sec. 1864. Other administrative matters.

                   Subtitle I--Defense Industrial Base

Sec. 1866. Defense industrial base generally.
Sec. 1867. Policies and planning.
Sec. 1868. Development, application, and support of dual-use 
           technologies.
Sec. 1869. Manufacturing technology.
Sec. 1870. Other technology base policies and programs.
Sec. 1871. Small business programs.
Sec. 1872. Procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement 
           program.
Sec. 1873. Loan guarantee programs.

                        Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 1876. Recodification of certain title 10 provisions relating to 
           contract financing for certain Navy contracts.
Sec. 1877. Recodification of title 10 statute on cadre of personnel who 
           are intellectual property experts.
Sec. 1878. Transfer of title 10 section relating to notification of Navy 
           procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 1879. Transfer of title 10 section relating to energy security.
Sec. 1880. Part IV heading.
Sec. 1881. Repeal of chapters 137, 139, 144, and 148.
Sec. 1882. Revision of chapter 141.
Sec. 1883. References.
Sec. 1884. Savings provisions.
Sec. 1885. Rule of construction.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
           specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein 
           Atoll.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2017 
           project at Camp Walker, Korea.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
           units.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
           units.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2018 project.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2019 projects.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2020 projects.
Sec. 2307. Technical corrections related to authority to carry out 
           certain fiscal year 2020 family housing projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
           Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Independent study on Western Emergency Refined Fuel Reserves.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3411]]

Sec. 2503. Execution of projects under the North Atlantic Treaty 
           Organization Security Investment Program.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Qatar funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
           and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2020 
           project in Alabama.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
           closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
           Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
           closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2703. Plan to finish remediation activities conducted by the 
           Secretary of the Army in Umatilla, Oregon.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

            Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
           the event of a declaration of war or national emergency.
Sec. 2802. Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of dollar 
           thresholds applicable to unspecified minor military 
           construction authorities.
Sec. 2803. Modification of reporting requirements regarding certain 
           military construction projects and military family housing 
           projects, contracts, and agreements.
Sec. 2804. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
           life-cycle cost for military construction.
Sec. 2805. Congressional project authorization required for military 
           construction projects for energy resilience, energy security, 
           and energy conservation.
Sec. 2806. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
           operation and maintenance funds for construction projects in 
           certain areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2807. Responsibility of Navy for military construction requirements 
           for certain Fleet Readiness Centers.

               Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Modifications and technical corrections related to military 
           housing privatization reform.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of authority to lease substandard family housing units 
           to members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 2813. Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense Family 
           Housing Improvement Fund.
Sec. 2814. Availability of information regarding assessment of 
           performance metrics for contracts for provision or management 
           of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2815. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement 
           recommendations relating to military family housing contained 
           in report by Inspector General of Department of Defense.
Sec. 2816. Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military 
           families displaced from privatized military housing.
Sec. 2817. Promulgation of guidance on relocation of residents of 
           military housing impacted by presence of mold.
Sec. 2818. Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for privatized 
           military housing and hazard and habitability inspection and 
           assessment requirements to Government-owned and Government-
           controlled military family housing.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3412]]

         Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Acceptance of property by military service academies, 
           professional military education schools, and military museums 
           subject to naming-rights condition.
Sec. 2822. Codification of reporting requirements regarding United 
           States overseas military enduring locations and contingency 
           locations.
Sec. 2823. Promotion of energy resilience and energy security in 
           privatized utility systems.
Sec. 2824. Vesting exercise of discretion with Secretaries of the 
           military departments regarding entering into longer-term 
           contracts for utility services.
Sec. 2825. Use of on-site energy production to promote military 
           installation energy resilience and energy security.
Sec. 2826. Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense 
           infrastructure supporting critical missions.
Sec. 2827. Improving water management and security on military 
           installations.
Sec. 2828. Prohibition relating to closure or return to host nation of 
           existing military installations, infrastructure, or real 
           property in Europe.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
Sec. 2832. Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial 
           Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2833. Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, Lathrop, California.
Sec. 2834. Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California.
Sec. 2835. Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System 
           receiving station, Modoc County, California.
Sec. 2836. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support 
           Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel.
Sec. 2837. Lease extension, Bryan Multi-Sports Complex, Wayne County, 
           North Carolina.
Sec. 2838. Land conveyances, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee.

                  Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit Naval 
           Air Facility, El Centro, California.
Sec. 2842. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and 
           reservation.
Sec. 2843. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal and 
           reservation.
Sec. 2844. Establishment of interagency committees on joint use of 
           certain land withdrawn from appropriation under public land 
           laws.

            Subtitle F--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues

Sec. 2851. Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency 
           Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam 
           Realignment.
Sec. 2852. Additional exception to restriction on development of public 
           infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
           forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2853. Development of master plan for infrastructure to support 
           rotational Armed Forces in Australia.
Sec. 2854. Bulk fuel management in United States Indo-Pacific Command 
           Area of Responsibility.

                  Subtitle G--Authorized Pilot Programs

Sec. 2861. Pilot program to authorize use of cost savings realized from 
           intergovernmental services agreements for installation-
           support services.
Sec. 2862. Department of Defense pilot program to evaluate expansion of 
           land exchange authority.
Sec. 2863. Pilot program to support combatant command military 
           construction priorities.
Sec. 2864. Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators in a 
           microgrid configuration at certain military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to authorize additional military construction 
           projects for child development centers at military 
           installations.
Sec. 2866. Department of the Army pilot program for development and use 
           of online real estate inventory tool.

              Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Studies and Reports

Sec. 2871. Reports regarding decision-making process used to locate or 
           relocate major headquarters and certain military units and 
           weapon systems.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3413]]

Sec. 2872. Report on effect of noise restrictions on military 
           installations and operations and development and 
           implementation of noise mitigation measures.
Sec. 2873. Study and report regarding continued need for protected 
           aircraft shelters in Europe and status of United States air 
           base resiliency in Europe.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Military construction infrastructure and weapon system 
           synchronization for Ground Based Strategic Deterrent.
Sec. 2882. Defense Community Infrastructure Program.
Sec. 2883. Consideration of certain military family readiness issues in 
           making basing decisions associated with certain military 
           units and major headquarters.
Sec. 2884. Department of Defense policy for regulation in military 
           communities of dangerous dogs kept as pets.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

              Subtitle B--Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Matters

Sec. 3111. W93 nuclear warhead acquisition process.
Sec. 3112. Earned value management and technology readiness levels for 
           life extension programs.
Sec. 3113. Monitoring of industrial base for nuclear weapons components, 
           subsystems, and materials.
Sec. 3114. Plutonium pit production.

            Subtitle C--Defense Environmental Cleanup Matters

Sec. 3121. Public statement of environmental liabilities for facilities 
           undergoing defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3122. Inclusion of missed milestones in future-years defense 
           environmental cleanup plan.
Sec. 3123. Classification of defense environmental cleanup as capital 
           asset projects or operations activities.
Sec. 3124. Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of high-
           level waste.
Sec. 3125. Continued analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment 
           of low-activity waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

               Subtitle D--Safeguards and Security Matters

Sec. 3131. Reporting on penetrations of networks of contractors and 
           subcontractors.

                      Subtitle E--Personnel Matters

Sec. 3141. Extension of authority for appointment of certain scientific, 
           engineering, and technical personnel.
Sec. 3142. Inclusion of certain employees and contractors of Department 
           of Energy in definition of public safety officer for purposes 
           of certain death benefits.
Sec. 3143. Reimbursement for liability insurance for nuclear materials 
           couriers.
Sec. 3144. Transportation and moving expenses for immediate family of 
           deceased nuclear materials couriers.
Sec. 3145. Permanent extension of Office of Ombudsman for Energy 
           Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.
Sec. 3146. Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of 
           National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3147. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
           relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3414]]

           Subtitle F--Budget and Financial Management Matters

Sec. 3151. Reports on financial balances for atomic energy defense 
           activities.

                   Subtitle G--Administrative Matters

Sec. 3161. Modifications to enhanced procurement authority to manage 
           supply chain risk.
Sec. 3162. Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead 
           costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed research 
           and development.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 3171. Independent study on potential environmental effects of 
           nuclear war.
Sec. 3172. Review of future of computing beyond exascale at the National 
           Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3173. Sense of Congress on the Agreement Suspending the Antidumping 
           Investigation on Uranium from the Russian Federation.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Nonpublic collaborative discussions by Defense Nuclear 
           Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Improvements to process for waiving navigation and vessel-
           inspection laws and approving foreign vessel charters for 
           passenger vessels.
Sec. 3503. Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3504. Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and terminals.
Sec. 3505. Maritime transportation system emergency relief program.
Sec. 3506. Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker security 
           fleet vessels.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce 
           training and education: technical amendments.
Sec. 3508. Merchant mariner training and education.
Sec. 3509. Publication of information about students and recent 
           graduates of Maritime Academies.
Sec. 3510. Mariner licensing and credentialing for M/V LISERON.

                    Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 3521. Maritime security and domain awareness.
Sec. 3522. Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime 
           industry in national security.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
           contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
           operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3415]]

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.

   DIVISION E--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE ACT OF 2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Definitions.

          TITLE LI--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE

Sec. 5101. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative.
Sec. 5102. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office.
Sec. 5103. Coordination by Interagency Committee.
Sec. 5104. National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee.
Sec. 5105. National Academies artificial intelligence impact study on 
           workforce.
Sec. 5106. National AI Research Resource Task Force.

     TITLE LII--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Sec. 5201. National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes.

  TITLE LIII--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5301. National institute of standards and technology activities.
Sec. 5302. Stakeholder outreach.
Sec. 5303. National oceanic and atmospheric administration artificial 
           intelligence center.

     TITLE LIV--NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                               ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5401. Artificial intelligence research and education.

 TITLE LV--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Sec. 5501. Department of energy artificial intelligence research 
           program.

                    DIVISION F--ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Purposes.
Sec. 6003. Definitions.

  TITLE LXI--STRENGTHENING TREASURY FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE, ANTI-MONEY 
     LAUNDERING, AND COUNTERING THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM PROGRAMS

Sec. 6101. Establishment of national exam and supervision priorities.
Sec. 6102. Strengthening FinCEN.
Sec. 6103. FinCEN Exchange.
Sec. 6104. Interagency anti-money laundering and countering the 
           financing of terrorism personnel rotation program.
Sec. 6105. Terrorism and financial intelligence special hiring 
           authority.
Sec. 6106. Treasury Attache program.
Sec. 6107. Establishment of FinCEN Domestic Liaisons.
Sec. 6108. Foreign Financial Intelligence Unit Liaisons.
Sec. 6109. Protection of information exchanged with foreign law 
           enforcement and financial intelligence units.
Sec. 6110. Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in antiquities and 
           assessment of Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in 
           arts.
Sec. 6111. Increasing technical assistance for international 
           cooperation.
Sec. 6112. International coordination.

  TITLE LXII--MODERNIZING THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
                      FINANCING OF TERRORISM SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Annual reporting requirements.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3416]]

Sec. 6202. Additional considerations for suspicious activity reporting 
           requirements.
Sec. 6203. Law enforcement feedback on suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6204. Streamlining requirements for currency transaction reports 
           and suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6205. Currency transaction reports and suspicious activity reports 
           thresholds review.
Sec. 6206. Sharing of threat pattern and trend information.
Sec. 6207. Subcommittee on Innovation and Technology.
Sec. 6208. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Innovation Officers.
Sec. 6209. Testing methods rulemaking.
Sec. 6210. Financial technology assessment.
Sec. 6211. Financial crimes tech symposium.
Sec. 6212. Pilot program on sharing of information related to suspicious 
           activity reports within a financial group.
Sec. 6213. Sharing of compliance resources.
Sec. 6214. Encouraging information sharing and public-private 
           partnerships.
Sec. 6215. Financial services de-risking.
Sec. 6216. Review of regulations and guidance.

    TITLE LXIII--IMPROVING ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
     FINANCING OF TERRORISM COMMUNICATION, OVERSIGHT, AND PROCESSES

Sec. 6301. Improved interagency coordination and consultation.
Sec. 6302. Subcommittee on Information Security and Confidentiality.
Sec. 6303. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Information Security 
           Officers.
Sec. 6304. FinCEN analytical hub.
Sec. 6305. Assessment of Bank Secrecy Act no-action letters.
Sec. 6306. Cooperation with law enforcement.
Sec. 6307. Training for examiners on anti-money laundering and 
           countering the financing of terrorism.
Sec. 6308. Obtaining foreign bank records from banks with United States 
           correspondent accounts.
Sec. 6309. Additional damages for repeat Bank Secrecy Act violators.
Sec. 6310. Certain violators barred from serving on boards of United 
           States financial institutions.
Sec. 6311. Department of Justice report on deferred and non-prosecution 
           agreements.
Sec. 6312. Return of profits and bonuses.
Sec. 6313. Prohibition on concealment of the source of assets in 
           monetary transactions.
Sec. 6314. Updating whistleblower incentives and protection.

  TITLE LXIV--ESTABLISHING BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP INFORMATION REPORTING 
                              REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 6401. Short title.
Sec. 6402. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6403. Beneficial ownership information reporting requirements.

                        TITLE LXV--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 6501. Investigations and prosecution of offenses for violations of 
           the securities laws.
Sec. 6502. GAO and Treasury studies on beneficial ownership information 
           reporting requirements.
Sec. 6503. GAO study on feedback loops.
Sec. 6504. GAO CTR study and report.
Sec. 6505. GAO studies on trafficking.
Sec. 6506. Treasury study and strategy on trade-based money laundering.
Sec. 6507. Treasury study and strategy on money laundering by the 
           People's Republic of China.
Sec. 6508. Treasury and Justice study on the efforts of authoritarian 
           regimes to exploit the financial system of the United States.
Sec. 6509. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6510. Discretionary surplus funds.
Sec. 6511. Severability.

  DIVISION G--ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2020

Sec. 8001. Short title.
Sec. 8002. Definition of Commandant.

                      TITLE LVXXXI--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 8101. Authorizations of appropriations.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3417]]

Sec. 8102. Authorized levels of military strength and training.
Sec. 8103. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 8104. Availability of amounts for acquisition of additional 
           National Security Cutter.
Sec. 8105. Procurement authority for Polar Security Cutters.
Sec. 8106. Sense of the Congress on need for new Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8107. Procurement authority for Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8108. Polar Security Cutter acquisition report.
Sec. 8109. Shoreside infrastructure.
Sec. 8110. Major acquisition systems infrastructure.
Sec. 8111. Polar icebreakers.
Sec. 8112. Acquisition of fast response cutter.

                       TITLE LVXXXII--COAST GUARD

                 Subtitle A--Military Personnel Matters

Sec. 8201. Grade on retirement.
Sec. 8202. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
           consideration.
Sec. 8203. Temporary promotion authority for officers in certain grades 
           with critical skills.
Sec. 8204. Career intermission program.
Sec. 8205. Direct commissioning authority for individuals with critical 
           skills.
Sec. 8206. Employment assistance.

             Subtitle B--Organization and Management Matters

Sec. 8211. Congressional affairs; Director.
Sec. 8212. Limitations on claims.
Sec. 8213. Renewal of temporary early retirement authority.
Sec. 8214. Major acquisitions; operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 8215. Support of women serving in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8216. Disposition of infrastructure related to E-LORAN.
Sec. 8217. Positions of importance and responsibility.
Sec. 8218. Research projects; transactions other than contracts and 
           grants.
Sec. 8219. Acquisition workforce authorities.
Sec. 8220. Vessel conversion, alteration, and repair projects.
Sec. 8221. Modification of acquisition process and procedures.
Sec. 8222. Establishment and purpose of Fund; definition.
Sec. 8223. Payments from Fund.
Sec. 8224. Determination of contributions to Fund.
Sec. 8225. Payments into Fund.

        Subtitle C--Access to Child Care for Coast Guard Families

Sec. 8231. Report on child care and school-age care assistance for 
           qualified families.
Sec. 8232. Review of family support services website and online tracking 
           system.
Sec. 8233. Study and survey on Coast Guard child care needs.
Sec. 8234. Pilot program to expand access to child care.
Sec. 8235. Improvements to Coast Guard-owned family housing.
Sec. 8236. Briefing on transfer of family child care provider 
           qualifications and certifications.
Sec. 8237. Inspections of Coast Guard child development centers and 
           family child care providers.
Sec. 8238. Expanding opportunities for family child care.
Sec. 8239. Definitions.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 8240. Modifications of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 8241. Report on cybersecurity workforce.
Sec. 8242. Report on navigation and bridge resource management.
Sec. 8243. Report on helicopter life-cycle support and recapitalization.
Sec. 8244. Report on Coast Guard response capabilities for cyber 
           incidents on vessels entering ports or waters of the United 
           States.
Sec. 8245. Study and report on Coast Guard interdiction of illicit drugs 
           in transit zones.
Sec. 8246. Report on liability limits set in section 1004 of the Oil 
           Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8247. Report on Coast Guard defense readiness resources allocation.
Sec. 8248. Report on the feasibility of liquefied natural gas fueled 
           vessels.
Sec. 8249. Coast Guard authorities study.
Sec. 8250. Report on effects of climate change on Coast Guard.
Sec. 8251. Shore infrastructure.
Sec. 8252. Coast Guard housing; status and authorities briefing.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3418]]

Sec. 8253. Physical access control system report.
Sec. 8254. Study on Certificate of Compliance inspection program with 
           respect to vessels that carry bulk liquefied gases as cargo 
           and liquefied natural gas tank vessels.
Sec. 8255. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
           Coast Guard's International Port Security Program.
Sec. 8256. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
           surge capacity of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8257. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
           marine inspections program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8258. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
           information technology program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8259. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
           access to health care by members of Coast Guard and 
           dependents.
Sec. 8260. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
           medical staffing standards and needs for Coast Guard.
Sec. 8261. Report on fast response cutters, offshore patrol cutters, and 
           national security cutters.

             Subtitle E--Coast Guard Academy Improvement Act

Sec. 8271. Short title.
Sec. 8272. Coast Guard Academy study.
Sec. 8273. Annual report.
Sec. 8274. Assessment of Coast Guard Academy admission processes.
Sec. 8275. Coast Guard Academy minority outreach team program.
Sec. 8276. Coast Guard college student pre-commissioning initiative.
Sec. 8277. Annual board of visitors.
Sec. 8278. Homeland Security rotational cybersecurity research program 
           at Coast Guard Academy.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 8281. Strategy on leadership of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8282. Expedited transfer in cases of sexual assault; dependents of 
           members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8283. Access to resources during creosote-related building closures 
           at Coast Guard Base Seattle, Washington.
Sec. 8284. Southern resident orca conservation and enforcement.
Sec. 8285. Sense of Congress and report on implementation of policy on 
           issuance of warrants and subpoenas and whistleblower 
           protections by agents of the Coast Guard Investigative 
           Service.
Sec. 8286. Inspector General report on access to Equal Opportunity 
           Advisors and Equal Employment Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 8287. Insider Threat Program.

                        TITLE LVXXXIII--MARITIME

                         Subtitle A--Navigation

Sec. 8301. Electronic charts; equivalency.
Sec. 8302. Subrogated claims.
Sec. 8303. Loan provisions under Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8304. Oil pollution research and development program.

                          Subtitle B--Shipping

Sec. 8311. Passenger vessel security and safety requirements; 
           application.
Sec. 8312. Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels.
Sec. 8313. Non-operating individual.
Sec. 8314. Conforming amendments: training; public safety personnel.
Sec. 8315. Maritime transportation assessment.
Sec. 8316. Engine cut-off switches; use requirement.
Sec. 8317. Authority to waive operator of self-propelled uninspected 
           passenger vessel requirements.
Sec. 8318. Exemptions and equivalents.
Sec. 8319. Renewal of merchant mariner licenses and documents.
Sec. 8320. Certificate extensions.
Sec. 8321. Vessel safety standards.
Sec. 8322. Medical standards.

                     Subtitle C--Advisory Committees

Sec. 8331. Advisory committees.
Sec. 8332. Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8333. Expired maritime liens.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3419]]

Sec. 8334. Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8335. National Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8336. Exemption of commercial fishing vessels operating in Alaskan 
           Region from Global Maritime Distress and Safety System 
           requirements of Federal Communications Commission.

                            Subtitle D--Ports

Sec. 8341. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.
Sec. 8342. Aiming laser pointer at vessel.
Sec. 8343. Safety of special activities.
Sec. 8344. Security plans; reviews.
Sec. 8345. Vessel traffic service.
Sec. 8346. Transportation work identification card pilot program.

                      TITLE LVXXXIV--MISCELLANEOUS

                   Subtitle A--Navigation and Shipping

Sec. 8401. Coastwise trade.
Sec. 8402. Towing vessels operating outside boundary line.
Sec. 8403. Sense of Congress regarding the maritime industry of the 
           United States.
Sec. 8404. Cargo preference study.
Sec. 8405. Towing vessel inspection fees review.

                  Subtitle B--Maritime Domain Awareness

Sec. 8411. Unmanned maritime systems and satellite vessel tracking 
           technologies.
Sec. 8412. Unmanned aircraft systems testing.
Sec. 8413. Land-based unmanned aircraft system program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8414. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
           unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 8415. United States commercial space-based radio frequency maritime 
           domain awareness testing and evaluation program.
Sec. 8416. Authorization of use of automatic identification systems 
           devices to mark fishing equipment.

                           Subtitle C--Arctic

Sec. 8421. Coast Guard Arctic prioritization.
Sec. 8422. Arctic PARS Native engagement.
Sec. 8423. Voting requirement.
Sec. 8424. Report on the Arctic capabilities of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 8425. Report on Arctic search and rescue.
Sec. 8426. Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 8431. Plan for wing-in-ground demonstration plan.
Sec. 8432. Northern Michigan oil spill response planning.
Sec. 8433. Documentation of LNG tankers.
Sec. 8434. Replacement vessel.
Sec. 8435. Educational vessel.
Sec. 8436. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for 
           certain purposes.
Sec. 8437. Anchorages.
Sec. 8438. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
           vertical evacuation for tsunamis at Coast Guard Stations in 
           Washington and Oregon.
Sec. 8439. Authority to enter into agreements with National Coast Guard 
           Museum Association.
Sec. 8440. Video equipment; access and retention of records.
Sec. 8441. Regulations for covered small passenger vessels.

     TITLE LVXXXV--TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS

Sec. 8501. Transfers.
Sec. 8502. Additional transfers.
Sec. 8503. License exemptions; repeal of obsolete provisions.
Sec. 8504. Maritime transportation system.
Sec. 8505. References to ``persons'' and ``seamen''.
Sec. 8506. References to ``himself'' and ``his''.
Sec. 8507. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 8508. Technical corrections relating to codification of Ports and 
           Waterways Safety Act.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3420]]

Sec. 8509. Aids to navigation.
Sec. 8510. Transfers related to employees of Lighthouse Service.
Sec. 8511. Transfers related to surviving spouses of Lighthouse Service 
           employees.
Sec. 8512. Repeals related to lighthouse statutes.
Sec. 8513. Common appropriation structure.

               TITLE LVXXXVI--FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION

Sec. 8601. Short title.
Sec. 8602. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 8603. Unfinished proceedings.
Sec. 8604. National Shipper Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8605. Transfer of Federal Maritime Commission provisions.

                        DIVISION H--OTHER MATTERS

                   TITLE XC--HOMELAND SECURITY MATTERS

Sec. 9001. Department of Homeland Security CISA Director.
Sec. 9002. Sector risk management agencies.
Sec. 9003. Review and analysis of inland waters seaport security.
Sec. 9004. Department of Homeland Security reports on digital content 
           forgery technology.
Sec. 9005. GAO study of cybersecurity insurance.
Sec. 9006. Strategy to secure email.
Sec. 9007. Department of Homeland Security large-scale non-intrusive 
           inspection scanning plan.

                   TITLE XCI--VETERANS AFFAIRS MATTERS

Sec. 9101. Modification of licensure requirements for Department of 
           Veterans Affairs health care professionals providing 
           treatment via telemedicine.
Sec. 9102. Additional care for newborn children of veterans.
Sec. 9103. Expansion of eligibility for HUD-VASH.
Sec. 9104. Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served on 
           active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 2001.
Sec. 9105. Access of veterans to Individual Longitudinal Exposure 
           Record.
Sec. 9106. Department of Veterans Affairs report on undisbursed funds.
Sec. 9107. Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of 
           Veterans Affairs for maintenance by National Cemetery 
           Administration.
Sec. 9108. Comptroller General report on Department of Veterans Affairs 
           handling of disability compensation claims by certain 
           veterans.
Sec. 9109. Additional diseases associated with exposure to certain 
           herbicide agents for which there is a presumption of service 
           connection for veterans who served in the Republic of 
           Vietnam.

                   TITLE XCII--COMMUNICATIONS MATTERS

Sec. 9201. Reliable emergency alert distribution improvement.
Sec. 9202. Wireless supply chain innovation and multilateral security.
Sec. 9203. Spectrum information technology modernization efforts.
Sec. 9204. Internet of Things.

                    TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 9301. Requirement for facilitation of establishment of social media 
           data and threat analysis center.
Sec. 9302. Independent study on identifying and addressing threats that 
           individually or collectively affect national security, 
           financial security, or both.

           TITLE XCIV--SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Cybersecurity Matters

Sec. 9401. Improving national initiative for cybersecurity education.
Sec. 9402. Development of standards and guidelines for improving 
           cybersecurity workforce of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9403. Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
           program.
Sec. 9404. Additional modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-
           service program.
Sec. 9405. Cybersecurity in programs of the National Science Foundation.
Sec. 9406. Cybersecurity in STEM programs of the National Aeronautics 
           and Space Administration.
Sec. 9407. National cybersecurity challenges.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 9411. Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3421]]

Sec. 9412. Industries of the future.
Sec. 9413. National Institute of Standards and Technology Manufacturing 
           Extension Partnership program supply chain database.
Sec. 9414. Study on Chinese policies and influence in the development of 
           international standards for emerging technologies.
Sec. 9415. Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
           Partnership Centers.

                  TITLE XCV--NATURAL RESOURCES MATTERS

Sec. 9501. Transfer of funds for Oklahoma City national memorial 
           endowment fund.
Sec. 9502. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 9503. Affirmation of authority for non-oil and gas operations on 
           the outer Continental Shelf.

                TITLE XCVI--OVERSIGHT AND REFORM MATTERS

Sec. 9601. Inventory of program activities of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9602. Preservation of electronic messages and other records.
Sec. 9603. Continuity of the economy plan.

                 TITLE XCVII--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act

Sec. 9701. Short title.
Sec. 9702. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9703. Department of the Treasury Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards 
           Pilot Program.

             Subtitle B--Combating Russian Money Laundering

Sec. 9711. Short title.
Sec. 9712. Statement of policy.
Sec. 9713. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9714. Determination with respect to primary money laundering 
           concern of Russian illicit finance.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 9721. Certified notice at completion of an assessment.
Sec. 9722. Ensuring Chinese debt transparency.
Sec. 9723. Accountability for World Bank Loans to China.
Sec. 9724. Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at 
           international financial institutions.

 TITLE XCIX--CREATING HELPFUL INCENTIVES TO PRODUCE SEMICONDUCTORS FOR 
                                 AMERICA

Sec. 9901. Definitions.
Sec. 9902. Semiconductor incentives.
Sec. 9903. Department of Defense.
Sec. 9904. Department of Commerce study on status of microelectronics 
           technologies in the United States industrial base.
Sec. 9905. Funding for development and adoption of measurably secure 
           semiconductors and measurably secure semiconductors supply 
           chains.
Sec. 9906. Advanced microelectronics research and development.
Sec. 9907. Prohibition relating to foreign entities of concern.
Sec. 9908. Defense Production Act of 1950 efforts.

                         TITLE C--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 10001. AMBER Alert nationwide.
Sec. 10002. Improving authority for operation of unmanned aircraft for 
           educational purposes.
Sec. 10003. Prohibition on provision of airport improvement grant funds 
           to certain entities that have violated intellectual property 
           rights of United States entities.
Sec. 10004. Study and report on the affordability of insulin.
Sec. 10005. Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in an 
           area affected by Hurricane Maria.
Sec. 10006. Farm and ranch mental health.

SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 note.>>  CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE 
                    COMMITTEES.

    In <<NOTE: Definition.>>  this Act, the term ``congressional defense 
committees'' has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of 
title 10, United States Code.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3422]]

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with 
the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference report or 
amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
           defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
           Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
           cannon tubes.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
           programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
           by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
           waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
           ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
           aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
           retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
           aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
           retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the European 
           theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
           and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
           aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
           Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
           limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
           Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
           areas.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
           and Air Force.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3423]]

Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
           electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
           Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority for 
           F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
           System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
           aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
           acquisition roadmap for the United States Special Operations 
           Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
           surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by United 
           States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
           aircraft locator beacons.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force and the Space Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4101.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENT FOR AN INTERIM CRUISE 
                        MISSILE DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Timeline.>>  Plan.--Not later than January 15, 
2021, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees the plan, including a timeline, to operationally 
deploy or forward station the interim cruise missile defense capability 
procured pursuant to section 112 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 
1660) in an operational theater or theaters.

    (b) Modification of Waiver.--Paragraph (4) of section 112(b) of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(132 Stat. 1661) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
        deadlines specified in paragraph (1):
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  For the deadline 
                specified in paragraph (1)(A), if the Secretary 
                determines that sufficient funds have not been 
                appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet such 
                deadline.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  For the deadline 
                specified in paragraph (1)(B), if the Secretary submits 
                to the congressional defense committees a certification 
                that--
                          ``(i) allocating resources toward procurement 
                      of an integrated enduring capability would provide 
                      robust tiered and layered protection to the joint 
                      force; or

[[Page 134 STAT. 3424]]

                          ``(ii) additional time is required to complete 
                      testing, training, and preparation for operational 
                      capability.''.
SEC. 112. REPORT AND LIMITATIONS ON ACQUISITION OF INTEGRATED 
                        VISUAL AUGMENTATION SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than August 15, 2021, but after 
        completion of operational testing of the Integrated Visual 
        Augmentation System (IVAS), the Secretary of the Army shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        Integrated Visual Augmentation System.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Strategy. Cost estimate.>>  The 
                acquisition strategy for the Integrated Visual 
                Augmentation System, including an estimate of the 
                average production unit cost, a schedule for full-rate 
                production, and an identification of any hardware and 
                software changes in the System as a result of 
                operational testing.
                    (B) A description of the technology levels required 
                for full-rate production of the System.
                    (C) A description of operational suitability and 
                soldier acceptability for the production-representative 
                model System.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Assessment Required.--Not later than 30 
days after the submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an assessment of the matters described 
pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C) of subsection (a)(2).

    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2021 for procurement of the Integrated Visual Augmentation System, not 
more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees the 
report required by subsection (a).
SEC. 113. ASSESSMENT OF INVESTMENT AND SUSTAINMENT FOR PROCUREMENT 
                        OF CANNON TUBES.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall conduct an 
assessment of the development, production, procurement, and 
modernization of the defense industrial base for cannon and large 
caliber weapon tubes.
    (b) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth 
the assessment conducted under subsection (a).

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. LIMITATION ON ALTERATION OF THE NAVY FLEET MIX.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may not deviate 
        from the large surface combatant requirements included in the 
        2016 Navy Force Structure Assessment until the date on which the 
        Secretary submits to the congressional defense committees the 
        certification under paragraph (2) and the report under 
        subsection (b).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3425]]

            (2) Certification.--The certification referred to in 
        paragraph (1) is a certification, in writing, that the Navy can 
        mitigate the reduction in multi-mission large surface combatant 
        requirements, including anti-air and ballistic missile defense 
        capabilities, due to having a reduced number of DDG-51 
        Destroyers with the advanced AN/SPY-6 radar in the next three 
        decades.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report that includes--
            (1) <<NOTE: Mitigation plan.>>  a description of likely 
        detrimental impacts to the large surface combatant industrial 
        base, and a plan to mitigate such impacts, if the fiscal year 
        2021 future-years defense program is implemented as proposed;
            (2) <<NOTE: Review. Analysis.>>  a review of the benefits to 
        the Navy fleet of the new AN/SPY-6 radar to be deployed aboard 
        Flight III variant DDG-51 Destroyers, which are currently under 
        construction, as well as an analysis of impacts to the 
        warfighting capabilities of the fleet should the number of such 
        destroyers be reduced; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Implementation plan.>>  a plan to fully 
        implement section 131 of the National Defense Authorization for 
        Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1237), including 
        subsystem prototyping efforts and funding by fiscal year.
SEC. 122. LIMITATIONS ON NAVY MEDIUM AND LARGE UNMANNED SURFACE 
                        VESSELS.

    (a) Milestone B Approval Requirements.--Milestone B approval may not 
be granted for a covered program unless such program accomplishes prior 
to and incorporates into such approval--
            (1) qualification by the Senior Technical Authority of--
                    (A) at least one representative main propulsion 
                system, including the fuel and lube oil systems; and
                    (B) at least one representative electrical 
                generation and distribution system;
            (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
        development models or prototypes showing that critical systems 
        designated pursuant to subparagraph (C) of section 8669b(c)(2) 
        of title 10, United States Code, are demonstrated as required by 
        subparagraph (I) of that section; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  a determination by the 
        milestone decision authority of the minimum number of vessels, 
        discrete test events, performance parameters to be tested, and 
        schedule required to complete initial operational test and 
        evaluation and demonstrate operational suitability and 
        operational effectiveness.

    (b) Qualification Requires Operational Demonstration.--The 
qualification required in subsection (a)(1) shall include a land-based 
operational demonstration of the systems concerned in the vessel-
representative form, fit, and function for not less than 720 continuous 
hours without preventative maintenance, corrective maintenance, emergent 
repair, or any other form of repair or maintenance.
    (c) <<NOTE: Requirement.>>  Use of Qualified Systems.--The Secretary 
of the Navy shall require that covered programs use only main propulsion 
systems and electrical generation and distribution systems that are 
qualified under subsection (a)(1).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3426]]

    (d) Limitation on Contract Award or Funding.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  In general.--The Secretary may 
        not award a detail design or construction contract, or obligate 
        funds from a procurement account, for a covered program until 
        such program receives Milestone B approval and the milestone 
        decision authority notifies the congressional defense 
        committees, in writing, of the actions taken to comply with the 
        requirements under this section.
            (2) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (1) does not 
        apply to advanced procurement for government-furnished 
        equipment.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered program.--The term ``covered program'' means a 
        program for--
                    (A) medium unmanned surface vessels; or
                    (B) large unmanned surface vessels.
            (2) Milestone b approval.--The term ``Milestone B approval'' 
        has the meaning given the term in section 2366(e)(7) of title 
        10, United States Code.
            (3) Milestone decision authority.--The term ``milestone 
        decision authority'' means the official within the Department of 
        Defense designated with the overall responsibility and authority 
        for acquisition decisions for an acquisition program, including 
        authority to approve entry of the program into the next phase of 
        the acquisition process.
            (4) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior Technical 
        Authority'' has the meaning provided for in section 8669b of 
        title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 123. FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Submittal of Strategy Required.--Not later 
than March 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a strategy for the Navy for tactical 
fighter aircraft force structure acquisition that aligns with the stated 
capability and capacity requirements of the Department of the Navy to 
meet the National Defense Strategy.

    (b) <<NOTE: Approval.>>  Limitation on Deviation From Strategy.--The 
Secretary of the Navy may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
subsection (a) until--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  the Secretary of Defense, in 
        consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
        approves the deviation, in writing; and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the congressional 
        defense committees the approval of the deviation, together with 
        a justification for the deviation.
SEC. 124. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITIES FOR CERTAIN AMPHIBIOUS 
                        SHIPBUILDING PROGRAMS.

    (a) Contract Authority.--
            (1) Procurement authorized.--In fiscal year 2021, the 
        Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more contracts for 
        the procurement of three San Antonio-class amphibious ships and 
        one America-class amphibious ship.
            (2) Procurement in conjunction with existing contracts.--The 
        ships authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may be 
        procured as additions to existing contracts covering such 
        programs.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3427]]

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Certification Required.--A contract may not 
be entered into under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of the Navy 
certifies to the congressional defense committees, in writing, not later 
than 30 days before entry into the contract, each of the following, 
which shall be prepared by the milestone decision authority for such 
programs:
            (1) The use of such a contract is consistent with the 
        projected force structure requirements of the Department of the 
        Navy for amphibious ships.
            (2) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
        savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying out 
        the program through annual contracts. <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  
        In certifying cost savings under the preceding sentence, the 
        Secretary shall include a written explanation of--
                    (A) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds by 
                fiscal year, by hull, without the authority provided in 
                subsection (a);
                    (B) the estimated end cost and appropriated funds by 
                fiscal year, by hull, with the authority provided in 
                subsection (a);
                    (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by fiscal 
                year, by hull, with the authority provided in subsection 
                (a);
                    (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such 
                cost savings or avoidance; and
                    (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the 
                estimated cost savings are realized.
            (3) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
        contemplated contract period the Secretary will request funding 
        for the contract at the level required to avoid contract 
        cancellation.
            (4) There is a stable design for the property to be acquired 
        and the technical risks associated with such property are not 
        excessive.
            (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
        anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract 
        authorized under subsection (a) are realistic.
            (6) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
        security of the United States.
            (7) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
        awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
        contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
        program (as defined under section 221 of title 10, United States 
        Code) for such fiscal year will include the funding required to 
        execute the program without cancellation.

    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of the Navy 
may enter into one or more contracts for advance procurement associated 
with a vessel or vessels for which authorization to enter into a 
contract is provided under subsection (a), and for systems and 
subsystems associated with such vessels in economic order quantities 
when cost savings are achievable.
    (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year is 
subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3428]]

    (e) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section. the term 
``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given the term in 
section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 125. LAND-BASED TEST PROGRAM FOR THE FFG(X) FRIGATE PROGRAM.

    (a) Test Program for Engineering Plant Required.--Prior to the 
delivery date of the lead ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels, 
the Secretary of the Navy shall commence a land-based test program for 
the engineering plant of such class of vessels.
    (b) Administration.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall be administered by the Senior Technical Authority for the FFG(X) 
Frigate class of vessels.
    (c) Elements.--The test program required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, testing of the following equipment in vessel-
representative form:
            (1) Main Reduction Gear.
            (2) Electrical Propulsion Motors.
            (3) Other propulsion drive train components.
            (4) Main propulsion system.
            (5) Auxiliary propulsion unit.
            (6) Electrical generation system,
            (7) Shipboard control systems.
            (8) Power control modules,

    (d) Test Objectives.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, the following test objectives demonstrated 
across the full range of engineering plant operations for the FFG(X) 
Frigate class of vessels:
            (1) Test of the full propulsion drive train.
            (2) Test and facilitation of machinery control systems 
        integration.
            (3) Simulation of the full range of electrical demands to 
        enable the investigation of load dynamics between the Hull, 
        Mechanical and Electrical equipment, Combat System, and 
        auxiliary equipment.

    (e) Completion Date.--The Secretary shall complete the test program 
required by subsection (a) by not later than the date on which the lead 
ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels is scheduled to be available 
for tasking by operational military commanders.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Delivery date.--The term ``delivery date'' has the 
        meaning provided for in section 8671 of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior Technical 
        Authority'' has the meaning provided for in section 8669b of 
        title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 126. <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 note.>>  TREATMENT IN FUTURE BUDGETS 
                        OF THE PRESIDENT OF SYSTEMS ADDED BY 
                        CONGRESS.

    In the event the procurement quantity for a system authorized by 
Congress in a National Defense Authorization Act for a fiscal year, and 
for which funds for such procurement quantity are appropriated by 
Congress in the Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy account for such 
fiscal year, exceeds the procurement quantity specified in the budget of 
the President, as submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, for such fiscal year, such excess procurement 
quantity shall not be specified as

[[Page 134 STAT. 3429]]

a new procurement quantity in any budget of the President, as so 
submitted, for any fiscal year after such fiscal year.
SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                        NAVY WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1665), as 
amended by section 126 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1235), is further amended 
by striking ``for fiscal year 2019 or fiscal year 2020'' and inserting 
``for fiscal years 2019, 2020, or 2021''.
SEC. 128. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO USE ALQ-249 NEXT GENERATION JAMMER 
                        TO ENSURE FULL SPECTRUM ELECTROMAGNETIC 
                        SUPERIORITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Report.--Not later than July 30, 2021, 
the Secretary of the Navy, in consultation with the Vice Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report with a strategy to ensure full spectrum electromagnetic 
superiority using the ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer.

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  A description of the current 
        procurement strategy for the ALQ-249, and the analysis of its 
        capability to meet the radio frequency (RF) ranges required in 
        highly contested and denied environment conflicts.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
        compatibility and ability of the ALQ-249 to synchronize non-
        kinetic fires using other Joint Electronic Warfare (EW) 
        platforms.
            (3) A future model of an interlinked/interdependent 
        electronic warfare menu of options for commanders at tactical, 
        operational, and strategic levels.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. MINIMUM OPERATIONAL SQUADRON LEVEL.

    (a) Policy on Air Force Aviation Force Structure.--As soon as 
practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act and subject to 
the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
seek to achieve the capabilities provided by a minimum of 386 available 
operational squadrons, or equivalent organizational units. In addition, 
the Secretary shall seek to achieve not fewer than 3,580 combat coded 
aircraft within the Air Force.
    (b) <<NOTE: Consultation. Determination. Reports.>>  Exception to 
Policy.--If, based on the fielding of new capabilities and formal force 
structure capability assessments supporting the most recent National 
Defense Strategy, the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with 
the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
of Staff, makes a determination that a modification to the quantity of 
operational squadrons or combat-coded aircraft in subsection (a) is 
necessary, the Secretary shall submit a report at the earliest 
opportunity to the congressional defense committees describing the 
modifications of the revised force structure and how the quantity of 
combat coded aircraft and operational squadrons developed supports a 
moderate operational risk force structure in support of the National 
Defense Strategy.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3430]]

    (c) Expiration of Policy.--The policy in subsection (a) shall expire 
on September 30, 2025.
    (d) Moderate Operational Risk Defined.--In this section, the term 
``moderate operational risk'' shall be construed as defined in the most 
recent publication of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Manual 
3105.01 titled ``Joint Risk Analysis''.
SEC. 132. <<NOTE: 10 USC 9062 note.>>  MODIFICATION OF FORCE 
                        STRUCTURE OBJECTIVES FOR BOMBER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Minimum Level for All Bomber Aircraft.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In general.--During the period 
        beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
        October 1, 2025, the Secretary of the Air Force shall, except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), maintain not less than 92 bomber 
        aircraft based on the Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory (PMAI) 
        of the Air Force.
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The Secretary may 
        reduce the number of aircraft required by the Primary Mission 
        Aircraft Inventory below the number specified in paragraph (1) 
        if the Secretary determines, on a case-by-case basis, that a 
        bomber aircraft is no longer to be so required because such 
        aircraft is no longer mission capable due to mishap or other 
        damage, or being uneconomical to repair.

    (b) Repeal of Minimum B-1 Inventory Requirement.--Section 9062 of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking subsection (h).
    (c) Preservation of Certain B-1 Aircraft and Maintenance 
Personnel.--Until the date on which the Secretary determines that the B-
21 bomber aircraft has attained initial operating capability, the 
Secretary--
            (1) shall preserve four B-1 aircraft that are retired 
        pursuant to subsection (a), in a manner that ensures the 
        components and parts of each such aircraft are maintained in 
        reclaimable condition that is consistent with type 2000 
        recallable storage, or better; and
            (2) may not reduce the number of billets assigned to 
        maintenance of B-1 aircraft in effect on January 1, 2020.
SEC. 133. MINIMUM BOMBER AIRCRAFT FORCE LEVEL.

    (a) <<NOTE: Reports. Recommenda- tions.>>  In General.--Not later 
than February 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report with recommendations for 
the bomber aircraft force structure that enables the Air Force to meet 
the requirements of its long-range strike mission under the National 
Defense Strategy.

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
each of the following elements:
            (1) The bomber force structure necessary to meet the 
        requirements of the long-range strike mission of the Air Force 
        under the National Defense Strategy, including--
                    (A) the total minimum number of bomber aircraft; and
                    (B) the minimum number of primary mission aircraft.
            (2) The penetrating bomber force structure necessary to meet 
        the requirements of the long-range strike mission of the Air 
        Force in contested or denied environments under the National 
        Defense Strategy, including--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3431]]

                    (A) the total minimum number of penetrating bomber 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) the minimum number of primary mission 
                penetrating bomber aircraft.
            (3) A roadmap outlining how the Air Force plans to reach the 
        force structure identified under paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        including an established goal date for achieving the minimum 
        number of bomber aircraft.

    (c) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--The report under 
subsection (a) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include 
a classified annex.

    (d) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  Publication.--The Secretary shall 
make available to the public the unclassified form of the report 
submitted under subsection (a).

    (e) Bomber Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``bomber 
aircraft'' includes penetrating bombers in addition to B-52H aircraft.
SEC. 134. REQUIRED MINIMUM INVENTORY OF TACTICAL AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain--
            (1) a total primary mission aircraft inventory of 230 
        aircraft; and
            (2) a total tactical airlift aircraft inventory of not less 
        than 287 aircraft.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The Secretary of the Air 
Force may reduce the number of C-130 aircraft in the Air Force below the 
minimum number specified in subsection (a) if the Secretary of the Air 
Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, that an aircraft is no longer 
mission capable because of a mishap or other damage.

    (c) Savings Clause.--During fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of the 
Air Force is prohibited from reducing the total tactical airlift 
aircraft inventory entirely from the National Guard.
    (d) Sunset.--This section shall not apply after October 1, 2021.
SEC. 135. <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR 
                        REFUELING TANKER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--During the period beginning on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2025, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall maintain not less than 412 tanker aircraft based on 
Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory (PMAI) of the Air Force.
    (b) Minimum Inventory Requirements for KC-10A Aircraft.--Except as 
provided in subsection (e)(1):
            (1) Fiscal year 2021.--During the period beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2021, 
        the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 50 
        KC-10A aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
        inventory.
            (2) Fiscal year 2022.--During the period beginning on 
        October 1, 2021, and ending on October 1, 2022, the Secretary of 
        the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 38 KC-10A aircraft 
        designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
            (3) Fiscal year 2023.--During the period beginning on 
        October 1, 2022, and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
        the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 26 KC-10A aircraft 
        designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3432]]

    (c) Prohibition on Retirement of KC-135 Aircraft.--Except as 
provided in subsection (e), during the period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2023, the Secretary 
of the Air Force may not retire, or prepare to retire, any KC-135 
aircraft.
    (d) KC-135 Aircraft Fleet Management.--None of the funds authorized 
to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal 
year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to reduce the 
number of KC-135 aircraft designated as primary mission aircraft 
inventory.
    (e) Exceptions.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  KC-10A aircraft.--The 
        requirement in subsection (b) shall not apply to an aircraft 
        otherwise required to be maintained by that subsection if the 
        the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case 
        basis, that such aircraft is no longer mission capable due to 
        mishap or other damage, or being uneconomical to repair.
            (2) KC-135 aircraft.--The requirement in subsection (c) 
        shall not apply to an aircraft otherwise required to be 
        maintained by that subsection if the Secretary of the Air 
        Force--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  at any time during the 
                period beginning on the date of the enactment of this 
                Act and ending on October 1, 2023, determines, on a 
                case-by-case basis, that such aircraft is no longer 
                mission capable due to mishap or other damage, or being 
                uneconomical to repair; or
                    (B) <<NOTE: Certification. Deadline.>>  during 
                fiscal year 2023, certifies in writing to the 
                congressional defense committees, not later than 30 days 
                before the date of divestment of such aircraft, that the 
                Air Force can meet combatant command tanker aircraft 
                requirements by leveraging Air National Guard and Air 
                Force Reserve capacity with increased Military Personnel 
                Appropriation (MPA) Man-day Tours to the reserve force.

    (f) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 136. AUTHORITY TO USE F-35A FIGHTER AIRCRAFT AT-1 THROUGH AT-
                        6.

    (a) <<NOTE: Approval.>>  In General.--Subject to written approval by 
the Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to utilize, modify, and operate 
the six F-35A aircraft designated as AT-1 through AT-6 that are 
possessed by the United Government and currently reside in long-term 
storage at Edwards Air Force Base, California.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. Records.>>  Notice on Approval.--Not later 
than 15 days after the Secretary of Defense provides written approval to 
the Secretary of the Air Force as described in subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall provide a copy of the written approval to the 
congressional defense committees.
SEC. 137. F-35 AIRCRAFT GUN SYSTEM AMMUNITION.

    The <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Director of the F-35 Joint Program 
Office shall, in consultation with the Secretary of the Air Force, take 
appropriate actions to ensure that any 25mm ammunition fielded for use 
by F-35A aircraft--
            (1) provides effective full-spectrum target engagement 
        capability; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3433]]

            (2) meets the required operational employment probability of 
        kill specifications for the F-35A aircraft.
SEC. 138. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                        RETIREMENT OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 148(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1243) is amended by inserting 
``, or for fiscal year 2021,'' after ``for fiscal year 2020''.
SEC. 139. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    Section 136 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1317) is amended by striking 
subsection (b) and inserting the following new subsection (b):
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Determinations. Analyses. Certifications.>>  Waiver.--
The Secretary of Defense may waive a certification requirement under 
paragraphs (1) or (2) of subsection (a) with respect to U-2 aircraft or 
RQ-4 aircraft if the Secretary--
            ``(1) with respect to the requirement under paragraph (1) of 
        that subsection--
                    ``(A) determines, after analyzing sufficient and 
                relevant data, that a greater capability is worth 
                increased operating and sustainment costs; and
                    ``(B) provides to the appropriate committees of 
                Congress a certification on such determination and 
                supporting analysis; and
            ``(2) with respect to the requirement under paragraph (2) of 
        that subsection--
                    ``(A) determines, after analyzing sufficient and 
                relevant data, that a loss in capacity and capability 
                will not prevent the combatant commands from 
                accomplishing their missions at acceptable levels of 
                risk; and
                    ``(B) provides to the appropriate committees of 
                Congress a certification of such determination and 
                supporting analysis.''.
SEC. 140. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                        RETIREMENT OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

    Section 147 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1669) is amended--
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  in subsection (a), by striking 
        ``certifies to the congressional defense committees that 
        Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System of the Air 
        Force has declared initial operational capability as defined in 
        the Capability Development Document for the System'' and 
        inserting ``certifies to the congressional defense committees 
        that--
            ``(1) the Secretary has identified--
                    ``(A) a capability with sufficient capacity to 
                replace the current fleet of 16 E-8 Joint Surveillance 
                Target Attack Radar System aircraft in a manner that 
                meets global combatant command requirements; and
                    ``(B) potential global basing locations for such 
                capability; and
            ``(2) such replacement capability delivers capabilities that 
        are comparable or superior to the capabilities delivered by such 
        aircraft.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3434]]

                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Increment 1, 2, 
                and 3''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``until Increment 
                2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System declares 
                initial operational capability'' and inserting ``until 
                the Advanced Battle Management System delivers 
                equivalent capability''.
SEC. 141. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF F-15C AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE 
                        EUROPEAN THEATER.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In General.--The Secretary of the Air 
Force may not divest any F-15C aircraft within the area of 
responsibility of the United States European Command until 180 days 
after the report required by subsection (b) is submitted to the 
congressional defense committees.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation. Strategy. Implementation plan.>>  
        In general.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Commander of the 
        United States European Command shall, in consultation with the 
        Commander of United States Air Forces Europe, submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that describes the 
        strategy, force structure construct and capacity, and strategy 
        implementation plan to replace the capability and capacity 
        provided by the F-15C aircraft in the area of responsibility of 
        the United States European Command in a manner that maintains an 
        inherent and equal or better air superiority capability and 
        capacity to that provided by the F-15C aircraft in that area of 
        responsibility.
            (2) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--The report 
        under paragraph (1) shall submitted in unclassified form, but 
        may contain a classified annex.
SEC. 142. MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, 
                        SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE.

    (a) Modernization Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        develop a comprehensive plan for the modernization of airborne 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance, which shall--
                    (A) ensure the alignment between requirements, both 
                current and future, and Air Force budget submissions to 
                meet such requirements; and
                    (B) inform the preparation of future defense program 
                and budget requests by the Secretary, and the 
                consideration of such requests by Congress.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The plan required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of all 
                airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                missions, both current missions and future missions 
                anticipated to be necessary to support the national 
                defense strategy.
                    (B) An analysis of platforms, capabilities, and 
                capacities necessary to fulfill such current and future 
                missions.
                    (C) The anticipated life-cycle budget associated 
                with each platform, capability, and capacity requirement 
                for both current and anticipated future requirements.
                    (D) An analysis showing operational, budget, and 
                schedule trade-offs between sustainment of currently 
                fielded capabilities, modernization of currently fielded 
                capabilities, and development and production of new 
                capabilities.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3435]]

    (b) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2021, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the comprehensive modernization plan required by 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Strategy.>>  a strategy for carrying out 
                such plan through fiscal year 2030.
            (2) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--The report 
        required under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified 
        form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 143. RC-26B MANNED INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND 
                        RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on backup 
aircraft inventory status, or prepare to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, any RC-26B 
aircraft.
    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Exception.--The limitation in 
subsection (a) shall not apply to individual RC-26B aircraft that the 
Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no 
longer mission capable because of mishap or other damage.

    (c) <<NOTE: Transfer authority.>>  Funding for Aircraft Platform.--
            (1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
        year 2021 by section 301 for operation and maintenance and 
        available for operation and maintenance, Air National Guard, as 
        specified in the funding table in section 4301, the Secretary of 
        the Air Force may transfer up to $18,500,000 to be used in 
        support of the RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance platform.
            (2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
        year 2021 by section 421 and available for military personnel 
        for military personnel, Air National Guard, specified in the 
        funding table in section 4401, the Secretary of the Air Force 
        may transfer up to $13,000,000 to be used in support of 
        personnel who operate and maintain the RC-26B manned 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.

    (d) Memoranda of Agreement.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one or more memoranda of 
agreement or cost sharing agreements with other departments and agencies 
of the Federal Government under which the RC-26B aircraft may be used to 
assist with the missions and activities of such departments and 
agencies.
SEC. 144. <<NOTE: Nevada.>>  PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR CLOSE AIR 
                        SUPPORT INTEGRATION GROUP.

    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be obligated 
or expended for the Close Air Support Integration Group (CIG) or its 
subordinate units at Nellis Air Force Base, Nevada, and the Air Force 
may not utilize personnel or equipment in support of the CIG or its 
subordinate units.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3436]]

SEC. 145. REQUIRED SOLUTION FOR KC-46 AIRCRAFT REMOTE VISUAL 
                        SYSTEM LIMITATIONS.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop and implement a 
complete, permanent solution to the KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
(RVS) operational limitations. <<NOTE: Deadline. Implementation 
strategy.>>  Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees an implementation strategy for 
the solution.
SEC. 146. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  ANALYSIS OF MOVING TARGET 
                        INDICATOR REQUIREMENTS AND ADVANCED BATTLE 
                        MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CAPABILITIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Analysis.--Not later than April 1, 
2021, the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with the 
commanders of the combatant commands, shall develop an analysis of 
current and future moving target indicator requirements across the 
combatant commands and operational and tactical level command and 
control capabilities the Advanced Battle Management System (ABMS) will 
require when fielded.

    (b) JROC Requirements.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  In general.--Not later than 60 
        days after the Secretary of the Air Force develops the analysis 
        under subsection (a), the Joint Requirements Oversight Council 
        (JROC) shall certify that requirements for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System incorporate the findings of the analysis.
            (2) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  Congressional notification.--The 
        Joint Requirements Oversight Council shall notify the 
        congressional defense committees upon making the certification 
        required under paragraph (1), and provide a briefing on the 
        requirements and findings described in such paragraph not later 
        than 30 days after such notification.
SEC. 147. STUDY ON MEASURES TO ASSESS COST-PER-EFFECT FOR KEY 
                        MISSION AREAS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than January 1, 
2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide for the performance 
of an independent study designed to devise new measures to assess cost-
per-effect for key mission areas of the Air Force. The study shall be 
conducted by a Federally funded research and development center selected 
by the Secretary for purposes of the study.

    (b) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
address the following matters:
            (1) Number of weapon systems required to meet a specified 
        mission goal.
            (2) Number of personnel required to meet a specified mission 
        goal.
            (3) Associated operation and maintenance costs necessary to 
        facilitate respective operational constructs.
            (4) Basing requirements for respective force constructs.
            (5) Mission support elements required to facilitate 
        specified operations.
            (6) Defensive measures required to facilitate viable mission 
        operations.
            (7) Attrition due to enemy countermeasures and other loss 
        factors associated with respective technologies.
            (8) Associated weapon effects costs compared to alternative 
        forms of power projection.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3437]]

    (c) Implementation of Measures.--The Secretary shall, as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, incorporate the findings of the study 
conducted pursuant to subsection (a) into the future force development 
processes of the Air Force. The measures--
            (1) should be domain and platform agnostic;
            (2) should focus on how best to achieve mission goals in 
        future operations; and
            (3) shall consider including cost-per-effect metrics as a 
        key performance parameter for any Air Force acquisition programs 
        that enter the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development 
        System (JCIDS) requirements process of the Department of 
        Defense.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 151. BUDGETING FOR LIFE-CYCLE COSTS OF AIRCRAFT FOR THE ARMY, 
                        NAVY, AND AIR FORCE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 231 the following new section:
``Sec. 231a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 231a.>>  Budgeting for life-cycle 
                  costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, and Air 
                  Force: annual plan and certification

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan and 
Certification.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
President submits to Congress the budget for a fiscal year, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the following:
            ``(1) A plan for the procurement of the aircraft specified 
        in subsection (b) for each of the Department of the Army, the 
        Department of the Navy, and the Department of the Air Force 
        developed in accordance with this section.
            ``(2) A certification by the Secretary that both the budget 
        for such fiscal year and the future-years defense program 
        submitted to Congress in relation to such budget under section 
        221 of this title provide for funding of the procurement of 
        aircraft at a level that is sufficient for the procurement of 
        the aircraft provided for in the plan under paragraph (1) on the 
        schedule provided in the plan.

    ``(b) Covered Aircraft.--The aircraft specified in this subsection 
are the aircraft as follows:
            ``(1) Fighter aircraft.
            ``(2) Attack aircraft.
            ``(3) Bomber aircraft.
            ``(4) Intertheater lift aircraft.
            ``(5) Intratheater lift aircraft.
            ``(6) Intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        aircraft.
            ``(7) Tanker aircraft.
            ``(8) Remotely piloted aircraft.
            ``(9) Rotary-wing aircraft.
            ``(10) Operational support and executive lift aircraft.
            ``(11) Any other major support aircraft designated by the 
        Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section.

    ``(c) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan.--(1) The annual aircraft 
procurement plan developed for a fiscal year for purposes of subsection 
(a) should be designed so that the aviation force

[[Page 134 STAT. 3438]]

provided for under the plan is capable of supporting the national 
military strategy of the United States as set forth in the most recent 
National Defense Strategy submitted under section 113(g) of this title 
and the most recent National Military Strategy submitted under section 
153(b) of this title.
    ``(2) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall include the 
following:
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A detailed program for the 
        procurement of the aircraft specified in subsection (b) for each 
        of the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and 
        the Department of the Air Force over the next 15 fiscal years.
            ``(B) A description of the aviation force structure 
        necessary to meet the requirements of the national military 
        strategy of the United States.
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  The estimated levels of 
        annual investment funding necessary to carry out each aircraft 
        program, together with a discussion of the procurement 
        strategies on which such estimated levels of annual investment 
        funding are based, set forth in aggregate for the Department of 
        Defense and in aggregate for each military department.
            ``(D) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  The estimated level of 
        annual funding necessary to operate, maintain, sustain, and 
        support each aircraft program throughout the life-cycle of the 
        program, set forth in aggregate for the Department of Defense 
        and in aggregate for each military department.
            ``(E) For each of the cost estimates required by 
        subparagraphs (C) and (D)--
                    ``(i) a description of whether the cost estimate is 
                derived from the cost estimate position of the military 
                department concerned or from the cost estimate position 
                of the Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation;
                    ``(ii) if the cost estimate position of the military 
                department and the cost estimate position of the Office 
                of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation differ by more 
                than 5 percent for any aircraft program, an annotated 
                cost estimate difference and sufficient rationale to 
                explain the difference;
                    ``(iii) the confidence or certainty level associated 
                with the cost estimate for each aircraft program; and
                    ``(iv) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification 
                that the calculations from which the cost estimate is 
                derived are based on common cost categories used by the 
                Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment for calculating the life-cycle cost of an 
                aircraft program.
            ``(F) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment by the Secretary 
        of Defense of the extent to which the combined aircraft forces 
        of the Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and 
        the Department of the Air Force meet the national security 
        requirements of the United States.

    ``(3) For any cost estimate required by subparagraph (C) or (D) of 
paragraph (2) for any aircraft program for which the Secretary is 
required to include in a report under section 2432 of this title, the 
source of the cost information used to prepare the annual aircraft plan 
shall be derived from the Selected Acquisition Report data that the 
Secretary plans to submit to the congressional defense committees in 
accordance with subsection (f) of that section for the year for which 
the annual aircraft procurement plan is prepared.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3439]]

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Each annual aircraft 
procurement plan shall be submitted in unclassified form, and shall 
contain a classified <<NOTE: Summary. Public information.>>  annex. A 
summary version of the unclassified report shall be made available to 
the public.

    ``(d) Assessment When Aircraft Procurement Budget Is Insufficient to 
Meet Applicable Requirements.--If the budget for any fiscal year 
provides for funding of the procurement of aircraft for the Department 
of the Army, the Department of the Navy, or the Department of the Air 
Force at a level that is not sufficient to sustain the aviation force 
structure specified in the aircraft procurement plan for such Department 
for that fiscal year under subsection (a), the Secretary shall include 
with the defense budget materials for that fiscal year an assessment 
that describes the funding shortfall and discusses the risks associated 
with the reduced force structure of aircraft that will result from 
funding aircraft procurement at such level. The assessment shall be 
coordinated in advance with the commanders of the combatant commands.
    ``(e) Annual Report on Aircraft Inventory.--(1) As part of the 
annual plan and certification required to be submitted under this 
section, the Secretary shall include a report on the aircraft in the 
inventory of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the following, 
for the year covered by such report, the following:
            ``(A) The total number of aircraft in the inventory.
            ``(B) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory that 
        are active, stated in the following categories (with appropriate 
        subcategories for mission aircraft, training aircraft, dedicated 
        test aircraft, and other aircraft):
                    ``(i) Primary aircraft.
                    ``(ii) Backup aircraft.
                    ``(iii) Attrition and reconstitution reserve 
                aircraft.
            ``(C) The total number of the aircraft in the inventory that 
        are inactive, stated in the following categories:
                    ``(i) Bailment aircraft.
                    ``(ii) Drone aircraft.
                    ``(iii) Aircraft for sale or other transfer to 
                foreign governments.
                    ``(iv) Leased or loaned aircraft.
                    ``(v) Aircraft for maintenance training.
                    ``(vi) Aircraft for reclamation.
                    ``(vii) Aircraft in storage.
            ``(D) The aircraft inventory requirements approved by the 
        Joint Chiefs of Staff.

    ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall set forth each item 
specified in paragraph (2) separately for the regular component of each 
armed force and for each reserve component of each armed force and, for 
each such component, shall set forth each type, model, and series of 
aircraft provided for in the future-years defense program that covers 
the fiscal year for which the budget accompanying the plan, 
certification and report is submitted.
    ``(f) Budget Defined.--In this section, the term `budget' means the 
budget of the President for a fiscal year as submitted to Congress 
pursuant to section 1105 of title 31.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3440]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 9 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 prec.>>  is amended by 
inserting after the item relating to section 231 the following new item:

``231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
           and Air Force: annual plan and certification.''.

SEC. 152. <<NOTE: Deadlines. Time periods. 10 USC 113 note.>>  
                        TRANSFER OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS 
                        RELATING TO ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM 
                        OPERATIONS.

    (a) Transfer.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act and in accordance with the plan developed pursuant 
to subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense shall transfer to an 
appropriate entity within the Department of Defense all the 
responsibilities and functions of the Commander of the United States 
Strategic Command that are germane to electromagnetic spectrum 
operations (EMSO), including--
            (1) advocacy for joint electronic warfare capabilities;
            (2) providing contingency electronic warfare support to 
        other combatant commands; and
            (3) supporting combatant command joint training and planning 
        related to electromagnetic spectrum operations.

    (b) Plan for Transfer of Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before the date of 
        the transfer of responsibilities required by subsection (a), the 
        Secretary shall develop a plan to carry out the transfer.
            (2) Considerations.--In developing the plan required by 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider the following:
                    (A) All appropriate entities having potential for 
                designation as the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
                operations organization, including elements of the Joint 
                Staff, the functional and geographic combatant commands, 
                Department of Defense offices and agencies, and other 
                organizations, including the establishment of a new 
                entity for that purpose within any such entity.
                    (B) Whether the receiving electromagnetic spectrum 
                operations organization should have a unitary structure 
                or hybrid structure (in which operational and capability 
                development and direction are headed by separate 
                organizations).
                    (C) The resources required by the receiving 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations organization to 
                fulfill the responsibilities and functions specified in 
                subsection (a).
                    (D) The results of the evaluations carried out 
                pursuant to subsections (c) and (d).
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days before 
        the date of the transfer of responsibilities required by 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit to Congress the 
        following:
                    (A) The plan developed under paragraph (1).
                    (B) The construct and elements of the receiving 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations organization under 
                the plan, including the allocation of responsibilities 
                among senior officials in such organization.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  The analysis conducted to 
                determine the electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                organization, including the input in the plan or 
                analysis of the results of consultation

[[Page 134 STAT. 3441]]

                with any independent entities involved in development of 
                the plan.
                    (D) The resources required to implement the plan, 
                and a timeline for the receiving electromagnetic 
                spectrum operations organization to reach initial 
                operational capability and full operational capability.

    (c) Evaluations of Armed Forces.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and 
        annually thereafter through 2025, the Chief of Staff of the 
        Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the Chief of Staff of the 
        Air Force, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the Chief of 
        Space Operations shall each carry out an evaluation of the 
        ability of the Armed Force concerned to perform electromagnetic 
        spectrum operations missions required by each of the following:
                    (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority 
                Strategy.
                    (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of operations 
                for electromagnetic spectrum operations.
                    (C) The operations and contingency plans of the 
                combatant commands.
            (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
        include assessment of the following:
                    (A) Current programs of record, including--
                          (i) the ability of weapon systems to perform 
                      missions in contested electromagnetic spectrum 
                      environments; and
                          (ii) the ability of electronic warfare 
                      capabilities to disrupt adversary operations.
                    (B) Future programs of record, including--
                          (i) the need for distributed or network-
                      centric electronic warfare and signals 
                      intelligence capabilities; and
                          (ii) the need for automated and machine 
                      learning- or artificial intelligence-assisted 
                      electronic warfare capabilities.
                    (C) Order of battle.
                    (D) Individual and unit training.
                    (E) Tactics, techniques, and procedures, including--
                          (i) maneuver, distribution of assets, and the 
                      use of decoys; and
                          (ii) integration of nonkinetic and kinetic 
                      fires.

    (d) Evaluations of Combatant Commands.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, and 
        annually thereafter through 2025, the Commander of the United 
        States European Command, the Commander of the United States 
        Pacific Command, and the Commander of the United States Central 
        Command shall each carry out an evaluation of the plans and 
        posture of the command concerned to execute the electromagnetic 
        spectrum operations envisioned in each of the following:
                    (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum Superiority 
                Strategy.
                    (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of operations 
                for electromagnetic spectrum operations.
            (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) shall 
        include assessment of the following:
                    (A) Operation and contingency plans.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3442]]

                    (B) The manning, organizational alignment, and 
                capability of joint electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                cells.
                    (C) Mission rehearsal and exercises.
                    (D) Force positioning, posture, and readiness.

    (e) Semiannual Briefing.--Not less frequently than twice each year 
until January 1, 2026, the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 
shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives on the implementation of this section by each of the 
Joint Staff, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands.
SEC. 153. <<NOTE: 10 USC 142 note.>>  CRYPTOGRAPHIC MODERNIZATION 
                        SCHEDULES.

    (a) Cryptographic Modernization Schedules Required.--Each of the 
Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of relevant 
Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field Activities shall 
establish and maintain a cryptographic modernization schedule that 
specifies, for each pertinent weapon system, command and control system, 
or data link under the jurisdiction of such Secretary or head, including 
those that use commercial encryption technologies (as relevant), the 
following:
            (1) The last year of use for applicable cryptographic 
        algorithms.
            (2) Anticipated key extension requests for systems where 
        cryptographic modernization is assessed to be overly burdensome 
        and expensive or to provide limited operational utility.
            (3) The funding and deployment schedule for modernized 
        cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over the future-
        years defense program submitted to Congress pursuant to section 
        221 of title 10, United States Code, in 2021 together with the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2022.

    (b) Requirements for Chief Information Officer.--The Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall--
            (1) oversee the construction and implementation of the 
        cryptographic modernization schedules required by subsection 
        (a);
            (2) establish and maintain an integrated cryptographic 
        modernization schedule for the entire Department of Defense, 
        collating the cryptographic modernization schedules required 
        under subsection (a); and
            (3) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  in coordination with the 
        Director of the National Security Agency and the Joint Staff 
        Director for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers/
        Cyber, use the budget certification, standard-setting, and 
        policy-making authorities provided in section 142 of title 10, 
        United States Code, to amend Armed Force and Defense Agency and 
        Field Activity plans for key extension requests and 
        cryptographic modernization funding and deployment that pose 
        unacceptable risk to military operations.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Annual Notices.--Not later than January 1, 
2022, and not less frequently than once each year thereafter until 
January 1, 2026, the Chief Information Officer and the Joint Staff 
Director shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees 
notification of all--
            (1) delays to or planned delays of Armed Force and Defense 
        Agency and Field Activity funding and deployment of modernized 
        cryptographic algorithms, keys, and equipment over the previous 
        year; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3443]]

            (2) changes in plans or schedules surrounding key extension 
        requests and waivers, including--
                    (A) unscheduled or unanticipated key extension 
                requests; and
                    (B) unscheduled or unanticipated waivers and 
                nonwaivers of scheduled or anticipated key extension 
                requests.
SEC. 154. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PARTICIPATION IN THE SPECIAL 
                        FEDERAL AVIATION REGULATION WORKING GROUP.

    (a) Designation of DoD Representatives.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall designate the Department of Defense representatives to the Special 
Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group.
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for OSD.--Of the aggregate 
amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act for fiscal year 2021 
and available for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, not more than 
75 percent may be obligated or expended until the later of the 
following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  The date on which Secretary 
        certifies, in writing, to the appropriate committees of Congress 
        that the Department representatives to the Special Federal 
        Aviation Regulation Working Group have been designated as 
        required by subsection (a).
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  The date on which the 
        Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group submits to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress initial recommendations 
        developed pursuant to subsection (b)(4) of section 1748 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1847).

    (c) Report on Findings and Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the Special 
        Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group shall submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report setting forth the 
        findings and recommendations of the Working Group as developed 
        pursuant to subsection (b) of section 1748 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1748 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) in subsection (e), by striking ``subsection 
                (d)'' and inserting ``section 154(c)(1) of the William 
                M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2021''.

    (d) Certification in Connection With Contracts With Foreign 
Companies for Aviation Services Overseas.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Department of 
        Defense may not enter into a contract with a foreign company as 
        contracted aviation support to provide aviation services in an 
        overseas area unless the Secretary certifies, in writing, to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress each of the following:
                    (A) That the use of foreign companies to provide 
                such services in overseas areas is required for the 
                national security of the United States.
                    (B) That the Department has exhausted all available 
                authorities to use United States companies to provide 
                such services in overseas areas.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3444]]

            (2) Sunset.--The requirement in paragraph (1) shall expire 
        on the later of--
                    (A) the date on which the Special Federal Aviation 
                Regulation Working Group submits to the appropriate 
                committees of Congress the report required by subsection 
                (c)(1); and
                    (B) the date on which the Secretary fully implements 
                the recommendations contained in that report.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
                House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working 
        Group'' means the working group established pursuant to section 
        1748 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2020.
SEC. 155. INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Certification on Directive of IAMD 
Responsibilities and Authorities.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the 
Secretaries of the military departments, certify that Department of 
Defense Directive 5100.01 is current and accurate with respect to 
integrated air and missile defense (IAMD) responsibilities and 
authorities in support of joint and combined land, sea, air, space and 
special forces operations, and in obtaining and maintaining air 
superiority or supremacy as required.

    (b) IAMD Assessment by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  In general.--The Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff shall, in coordination with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments and the Director of the 
        Missile Defense Agency, conduct a comprehensive classified 
        assessment of threats to, and capabilities and capacities of, 
        current and planned integrated air and missile defense 
        technologies and force structure to meet the requirements of the 
        combatant commands in support of the National Defense Strategy.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The assessment required 
        by paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Characterization and analysis of current and 
                emerging threats, including the following:
                          (i) Cruise, hypersonic, and ballistic 
                      missiles.
                          (ii) Unmanned aerial systems.
                          (iii) Rockets and other indirect fire.
                          (iv) Specific and meaningfully varied examples 
                      within each of clauses (i) through (iii).
                    (B) Analysis of current and planned integrated air 
                and missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
                characterized and analyzed under subparagraph (A), 
                including the following:
                          (i) <<NOTE: Timelines.>>  Projected timelines 
                      for development, procurement, and fielding of 
                      needed capabilities to defend

[[Page 134 STAT. 3445]]

                      against current and anticipated threats, based on 
                      intelligence assessments of such threats.
                          (ii) Projected capability and capacity gaps in 
                      addressing the threats characterized and assessed 
                      under subparagraph (A), including a delineation of 
                      unfulfilled integrated air and missile defense 
                      requirements by combatant command.
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Risk assessment.>>  Risk 
                      assessment of projected capability and capacity 
                      gaps addressing integrated air and missile defense 
                      requirements of the combatant commands and the 
                      National Defense Strategy.
                          (iv) Opportunities for acceleration or need 
                      for incorporation of interim capabilities to 
                      address current and projected gaps.
                          (v) Opportunities to leverage allied 
                      contributions for integrated air and missile 
                      defense capabilities and capacities to meet 
                      requirements of the combatant commands.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Assessment of the 
                integrated air and missile defense command, control, and 
                intelligence systems and architecture, including the 
                following:
                          (i) A description of the integrated air and 
                      missile defense architecture, and the component 
                      counter unmanned aerial system (C-UAS) sub-
                      architecture of such architecture.
                          (ii) Identification of the critical command 
                      and control (C2) systems.
                          (iii) Integration or interoperability of the 
                      command and control systems.
                          (iv) Integration, interoperability, or 
                      compatibility of the command and control systems 
                      with planned Joint All Domain Command and Control 
                      (JADC2) architecture.
            (3) Characterization.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the assessment 
                required by paragraph (1), the Chairman shall clearly, 
                on a technical and operational basis, distinguish 
                between distinctly different threats in the same general 
                class.
                    (B) Example.--The Chairman shall, for example, 
                ensure that the assessment is not limited to a broad 
                characterization, such as ``cruise missiles'', since 
                such characterization does not sufficiently distinguish 
                between current cruise missiles and emerging hypersonic 
                cruise missiles, which may require different 
                capabilities to counter them.
            (4) Interim briefing and report.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Interim briefing.--Not 
                later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this Act, the Chairman shall brief the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives on the assessment under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
                of the enactment of this Act, the Chairman shall submit 
                to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
                the House of Representatives a report on the findings of 
                the assessment conducted under paragraph (1).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3446]]

    (c) Secretary of the Military Department Briefings on Response to 
IAMD Assessment.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the submittal of the report required by subsection 
        (b)(4)(B), the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of the Navy, 
        and the Secretary of the Air Force shall each brief the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives on the manner in which the military department 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary intends to fulfill the 
        global integrated air and missile defense requirements of the 
        combatant commands in accordance with Department of Defense 
        Directive 5100.01.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--Each briefing under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, for the military department covered 
        by such briefing, the following:
                    (A) Analysis of current and planned integrated air 
                and missile defense capabilities to counter the threats 
                characterized and analyzed under subsection (b)(2)(A), 
                including the following:
                          (i) <<NOTE: Timelines.>>  Projected timelines 
                      and costs for development, procurement, and 
                      fielding of planned integrated air and missile 
                      defense capabilities.
                          (ii) Projected capability gaps and an 
                      assessment of associated risk.
                          (iii) Opportunities for acceleration or need 
                      for incorporation of interim capabilities to 
                      address current and projected gaps.
                    (B) Analysis of current and planned capacity to meet 
                major contingency plan requirements and ongoing global 
                operations of the combatant commands, including the 
                following:
                          (i) Current and planned numbers of integrated 
                      air and missile defense systems and formations, 
                      including associated munitions.
                          (ii) Capacity gaps, and an assessment of 
                      associated risk, in addressing combatant command 
                      requirements.
                          (iii) Operations tempo stress on integrated 
                      air and missile defense formations and personnel.
                          (iv) Plans to sustain or to increase 
                      integrated air and missile defense personnel and 
                      formations.
                    (C) Assessment of proponency and the distribution of 
                responsibility and authority for policy and program 
                planning, budgeting, and execution within the military 
                department for integrated air and missile defense and 
                counter-unmanned aerial systems, including the 
                following:
                          (i) A description of the current proponency 
                      structure.
                          (ii) An assessment of the adequacy of the 
                      current proponency structure to facilitate 
                      integrated air and missile defense and counter 
                      unmanned aerial systems functions for the 
                      Department of Defense.
                    (D) Assessment of the feasibility and advisability 
                of establishing one or more centers of excellence for 
                integrated air and missile defense, counter unmanned 
                aerial systems, or both for purposes of planing, 
                organizing, and managing the military department and 
                joint force efforts to achieve

[[Page 134 STAT. 3447]]

                a functional capability and capacity to meet the 
                requirements of the combatant commands.
SEC. 156. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2859 note.>>  JOINT STRATEGY FOR AIR BASE 
                        DEFENSE AGAINST MISSILE THREATS.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the 
Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly develop and carry out a 
strategy to address the defense of air bases and prepositioned sites 
outside the continental United States against current and emerging 
missile threats, as validated by the Defense Intelligence Agency.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Certification and Strategy.--Not later than 
June 1, 2021, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff 
of the Army shall jointly submit to the congressional defense committees 
the following:
            (1) A certification that the defense of air bases and 
        prepositioned sites outside the continental United States 
        against threats described in subsection (a) is being addressed 
        jointly.
            (2) The strategy developed pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 157. <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  JOINT ALL DOMAIN COMMAND AND 
                        CONTROL REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Validation of Requirements by Joint Requirements Oversight 
Council.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Joint Requirements Oversight 
Council (JROC) shall validate requirements for Joint All Domain Command 
and Control (JADC2).
    (b) Air Force Certification.--Immediately after the validation of 
requirements pursuant to subsection (a), the Chief of Staff of the Air 
Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
certification that the current Joint All Domain Command and Control 
effort, including programmatic and architecture efforts, being led by 
the Air Force will meet the requirements validated by the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council.
    (c) Certification by Other Armed Forces.-- Not later than July 1, 
2021, the chief of staff of each Armed Force other than the Air Force 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a certification 
whether the efforts of such Armed Force on multi-domain command and 
control are compatible with Joint All Domain Command and Control 
architecture.
    (d) Budgeting.--The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate the 
expected costs for full development and implementation of Joint All 
Domain Command and Control across the Department of Defense in fiscal 
year 2022 in the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 as 
submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
Code.
SEC. 158. EXPANSION OF ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING 
                        AUTHORITY FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    Section 161(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1246) is amended by 
striking ``$574,000,000'' and inserting ``$1,035,793,000''.
SEC. 159. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    The <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees, not later than 15 days following 
Milestone C approval for the F-35 aircraft program pursuant to section 
2366c

[[Page 134 STAT. 3448]]

of title 10, United States Code, or entering into a contract for the 
full-rate production of F-35 aircraft, the documentation with respect to 
the F-35 aircraft program as follows:
            (1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  A certification by the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment that--
                    (A) all alternative supply contractors for parts, 
                required for the airframe and propulsion prime 
                contractors of the F-35 aircraft program as a result of 
                the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the program, 
                have been identified, and all related undefinitized 
                contract actions have been definitized (as described in 
                section 7401 of part 217 of the Defense Federal 
                Acquisition Regulation Supplement);
                    (B) the parts produced by each such contractor have 
                been qualified and certified as meeting applicable 
                technical design and use specifications; and
                    (C) each such contractor has reached the required 
                rate of production to meet supply requirements for parts 
                under the program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Cost analysis.>>  A cost analysis, prepared by 
        the joint program office for the F-35 aircraft program, that 
        assesses and defines--
                    (A) the manner in which the full integration of 
                Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 capabilities for each 
                lot of Block 4 production aircraft beginning after lot 
                14 will affect the average procurement unit cost of 
                United States variants of the F-35A, F-35B, and F-35C 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) the manner in which the establishment of 
                alternate sources of production and sustainment of 
                supply and repair parts due to the removal of the 
                Republic of Turkey from the program will affect such 
                unit cost.
            (3) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  All reports required by section 167 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1250).
            (4) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An independent cost estimate, 
        prepared by Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, 
        that defines, for each phase of the F-35 aircraft program, the 
        cost to develop, procure, integrate, and retrofit F-35 aircraft 
        with all Block 4 capability requirements that are specified in 
        the most recent Block 4 capabilities development document.
            (5) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan to correct or mitigate any 
        deficiency in the F-35 aircraft, identified as of the date of 
        enactment of this Act that--
                    (A) may cause death, severe injury or occupational 
                illness, or major loss or damage to equipment or a 
                system, and for which there is no identified workaround 
                (commonly known as a ``category 1A deficiency''); or
                    (B) critically restricts combat readiness 
                capabilities or results in the inability to attain 
                adequate performance to accomplish mission requirements 
                (commonly known as a ``category 1B deficiency'').
            (6) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A software and hardware capability, 
        upgrade, and aircraft modification plan for the F-35 aircraft 
        that defines the cost and schedule for retrofitting F-35 
        aircraft that currently have Technical Refresh 2 capabilities 
        installed to ensure compatibility with Block 4 and Technical 
        Refresh 3 capabilities.
            (7) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  The following reports for the F-35 
        aircraft program, as prepared by the Director of Operational 
        Test and Evaluation:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3449]]

                    (A) A report on the results of the realistic 
                survivability testing of the F-35 aircraft, as described 
                in section 2366(d) of title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) A report on the results of the initial 
                operational test and evaluation conducted for program, 
                as described in section 2399(b)(2) of such title.
            (8) <<NOTE: Mitigation strategy. Implementation plan.>>  A 
        mitigation strategy and implementation plan to address each 
        critical deficiency in the F-35 aircraft autonomic logistics 
        information system that has been identified as of the date of 
        enactment of this Act.
            (9) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  A certification that the F-35A 
        aircraft meets required mission reliability performance using an 
        average sortie duration of 2 hours and 30 minutes.
            (10) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  A certification that the 
        Secretary has developed and validated a fully integrated and 
        realistic schedule for the development, production and 
        integration of Block 4 Technical Refresh 3 capabilities for the 
        F-35 aircraft, that includes a strategy for resolving all 
        software technical debt that has accumulated within the F-35 
        operational flight program source code during development, 
        production, and integration of Technical Refresh 1 and Technical 
        Refresh 2 capabilities.
            (11) The following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: List.>>  A complete list of hardware 
                modifications that will be required to integrate Block 4 
                capabilities into lot 16 and lot 17 production F-35 
                aircraft.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An estimate of the 
                costs of any engineering changes required as a result of 
                such modifications.
                    (C) A comparison of those engineering changes and 
                costs with the engineering changes and costs for lot 15 
                production F-35 aircraft.
SEC. 160. <<NOTE: Coordination. Certification.>>  F-35 AIRCRAFT 
                        MUNITIONS.

    Subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of the 
Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy shall, in coordination with the 
Director of the F-35 Joint Program Office, certify for use by the Armed 
Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary munitions for F-35 
aircraft that are qualified on F-35 partner aircraft of North Atlantic 
Treaty Organization (NATO) member nations as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 161. REDESIGN STRATEGY FOR THE AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS 
                        INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR THE F-35 FIGHTER 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  In General.--Not later than 
March 1, 2021, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment shall, in consultation with the Director of the F-35 
Aircraft Joint Program Office, submit to the congressional defense 
committees the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  A report describing a program-wide 
        process for measuring, collecting, and tracking information on 
        the manner in which the F-35 Autonomic Logistics Information 
        System (ALIS) is affecting the performance of the F-35 aircraft 
        fleet, including its effects on aircraft availability and 
        mission capability and effectiveness rates.
            (2) <<NOTE: Implementation plan. Assessment.>>  A strategy 
        and implementation plan for the F-35 Operational Data Integrated 
        Network (ODIN) system that is being developed to replace the F-
        35 Autonomic Logistics Information System, including an 
        identification and assessment of goals, key risks or 
        uncertainties, system performance metrics, and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3450]]

        costs of designing, procuring, and fielding the F-35 Operational 
        Data Integrated Network system.

    (b) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  Updates.--In each quarterly briefing 
required by section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 115-232; 132 Stat. 1672) 
for a calendar quarter beginning on or after January 1, 2022, the Under 
Secretary and the Director shall include an update containing current 
information on the following:
            (1) The manner in which the F-35 Autonomic Logistics 
        Information System is affecting fleet performance of the F-35 
        aircraft fleet.
            (2) The progress being made to develop, procure, and field 
        the F-35 Operational Data Integrated Network system.
SEC. 162. BRIEFINGS ON SOFTWARE REGRESSION TESTING FOR F-35 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    During <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  the quarterly briefing required by 
section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1672) covering a quarter 
in which mission systems production software for the F-35 aircraft was 
released to units operating such aircraft under the F-35 aircraft 
continuous capability development and delivery program, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, in 
consultation with the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, brief 
the congressional defense committees with the following with respect to 
the missions systems production software for the F-35 aircraft:
            (1) An explanation of the types and methods of regression 
        testing that were completed for the production release of the 
        software concerned to ensure compatibility and proper 
        functionality with--
                    (A) the fire control radar system of each variant of 
                the F-35 aircraft; and
                    (B) all weapons certified for carriage and 
                employment on each variant of the F-35 aircraft.
            (2) An identification of any entities that conducted 
        regression testing of such software, including any development 
        facilities of the Federal Government or contractors that 
        conducted such testing.
            (3) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of deficiencies identified 
        during regression testing of such software, or by operational 
        units, after fielding of such software, and an explanation of--
                    (A) any software modifications, including quick-
                reaction capability, that were completed to resolve or 
                mitigate such deficiencies;
                    (B) with respect to any deficiencies that were not 
                resolved or mitigated, whether the deficiencies will be 
                corrected in later releases of the software; and
                    (C) any effects resulting from such deficiencies, 
                including--
                          (i) any effects on the cost and schedule for 
                      delivery of the software; and
                          (ii) in cases in which the deficiencies 
                      resulted in additional, unplanned, software 
                      releases, any effects on the ongoing testing of 
                      software capability releases.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3451]]

SEC. 163. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR THE ARMED OVERWATCH 
                        PROGRAM.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be used to, 
and the Department may not--
            (1) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the United States 
        Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021; or
            (2) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the Air Force in 
        fiscal years 2021 through 2023.
SEC. 164. ACCELERATION OF DEVELOPMENT AND FIELDING OF COUNTER 
                        UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ACROSS THE JOINT 
                        FORCE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  Immediate Objective for Executive Agent for C-
sUAS.--The Executive Agent of the Joint Counter Small Unmanned Aircraft 
Systems (C-sUAS) Office, as designated by the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall prioritize the objective of 
developing and executing a plan to develop, test, and begin production 
of a counter unmanned aircraft system that can be fielded as early as 
fiscal year 2021 to meet immediate operational needs in countering Group 
1, 2, and 3 unmanned aircraft systems and, to the extent practical, has 
the potential to counter other, larger unmanned aircraft systems.

    (b) Development and Fielding of C-sUAS Systems in Fiscal Year 
2021.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Executive Agent shall 
consider the selection of counter unmanned aircraft systems with 
specific emphasis on systems that--
            (1) have undergone successful realistic operational tests or 
        assessments, or have been or are currently deployed;
            (2) will meet the operational requirements of deployed 
        forces facing current and anticipated unmanned aircraft system 
        (UAS) threats, including effectiveness against unmanned aircraft 
        systems that are not remotely piloted or are not reliant on a 
        command link;
            (3) use autonomous and semi-autonomous systems and 
        processes;
            (4) are affordable, with low operating and sustainment 
        costs;
            (5) build, to the extent practicable, upon systems that were 
        selected for fielding in fiscal year 2021;
            (6) reduce or accelerate the timeline for initial 
        operational capability and full operational capability of the 
        counter unmanned aircraft system prioritized by subsection (a);
            (7) enable the flexible and continuous integration of 
        different types of sensors and mitigation solutions based on the 
        different demands of particular military installations and 
        deployed forces, physical geographies, and threat profiles; and
            (8) are or include systems or component parts that are 
        commercial items, as required by section 3307 of title 41, 
        United States Code, including a common command and control 
        system.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Executive Agent shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the following:
            (1) The selection process for counter unmanned aircraft 
        system capabilities prioritized by this section.
            (2) The plan prioritized by subsection (a).

    (d) Oversight.--The Executive Agent shall--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3452]]

            (1) oversee the execution of all counter unmanned aircraft 
        systems being developed by the military departments as of the 
        day before the date of the enactment of this Act; and
            (2) ensure that the plan prioritized by subsection (a) 
        guides future programmatic and funding decisions for activities 
        relating to counter unmanned aircraft systems, including any 
        cancellation of such activities.
SEC. 165. AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE 
                        ACQUISITION ROADMAP FOR THE UNITED STATES 
                        SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than December 1, 
2021, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-
Intensity Conflict and the Commander of the United States Special 
Operations Command shall jointly submit to the congressional defense 
committees an acquisition roadmap to meet the manned and unmanned 
airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of 
United States Special Operations Forces.

    (b) Elements.--The roadmap required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A description of the current platform requirements for 
        manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities to support United States Special 
        Operations Forces.
            (2) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of the remaining 
        service life of existing manned and unmanned airborne 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities 
        currently operated by United States Special Operations Forces.
            (3) An identification of any current or anticipated gaps for 
        special operations-peculiar manned and unmanned airborne 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.
            (4) A description of anticipated manned and unmanned 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance platform 
        requirements of the United States Special Operations Forces, 
        including range, payload, endurance, ability to operate in 
        contested environments, and other requirements, as appropriate.
            (5) A description of the manner in which the anticipated 
        requirements described in paragraph (4) are in alignment with 
        the National Defense Strategy and meet the challenge of 
        strategic competition and nation state intelligence collection 
        requirements.
            (6) An explanation of the anticipated mix of manned and 
        unmanned aircraft, number of platforms, and associated aircrew 
        and maintainers for support of United States Special Operations 
        Forces.
            (7) An explanation of the extent to which service-provided 
        manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities will be required in support of 
        United States Special Operations Forces, and the manner in which 
        such capabilities will supplement and integrate with the organic 
        capabilities possessed by United States Special Operations 
        Forces.
            (8) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary and the 
        Commander jointly consider appropriate.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3453]]

SEC. 166. PROHIBITION ON DIVESTITURE OF MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
                        SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT 
                        OPERATED BY UNITED STATES SPECIAL 
                        OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Prohibition.--No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
may be used to divest any manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States Special Operations 
Command, and the Department of Defense may not divest any manned 
intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by the 
United States Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) does not apply to 
any divestment of aircraft described in that subsection that is ongoing 
as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 167. NOTIFICATION ON EFFORTS TO REPLACE INOPERABLE EJECTION 
                        SEAT AIRCRAFT LOCATOR BEACONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Notification.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and on a semi-
annual basis thereafter until the date specified in subsection (b), the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a written notification that 
describes, with respect to the period covered by the notification--
            (1) the efforts of the service acquisition executives of the 
        Department of the Air Force and the Department of the Navy to 
        replace ejection seat aircraft locator beacons that are--
                    (A) installed on covered aircraft; and
                    (B) inoperable in water or in wet conditions; and
            (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.

    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection is the 
earlier of--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the date on which the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment determines 
        that all ejection seat aircraft locator beacons installed on 
        covered aircraft are operable in water and wet conditions; or
            (2) the date that is 5 years after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means aircraft of the Air 
        Force, the Navy, and the Marine Corps that are equipped with 
        ejection seats.
            (2) The term ``service acquisition executive of the 
        Department of the Air Force'' does not include the Service 
        Acquisition Executive of the Department of the Air Force for 
        Space Systems and Programs described in section 957 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 9016 note).

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
           research and development agreements.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3454]]

Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
           Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
           pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
           innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
           Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
           research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
           supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
           research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
           Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
           capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
           research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
           fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
           support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
           Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
           development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
           Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
           pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
           intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
           Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship of 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
           talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
           and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
           practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
           certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
           technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
           students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
           activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
           talent in the Department of Defense.

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
           Test and Evaluation.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3455]]

Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic plan 
           reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
           include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
           establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
           activities on work with academic consortia on high priority 
           cybersecurity research activities in Department of Defense 
           capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
           Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
           testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
           biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison with 
           adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
           capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
           for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
           United States to recruit and retain researchers in national 
           security-related and defense-related fields.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CERTAIN 
                        COOPERATIVE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                        AGREEMENTS.

    Section 2350a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and the Under 
        Secretary'' and inserting ``or the Under Secretary''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Each cooperative'' and inserting 
                ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
                cooperative''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  A cooperative research and 
development project may be entered into under this section under which 
costs are shared between the participants on an unequal basis if the 
Secretary of Defense, or an official specified in subsection (b)(2) to 
whom the Secretary delegates authority under this paragraph, makes a 
written determination that unequal cost sharing provides strategic value 
to the United States or another participant in the project.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  For purposes of this subsection, the 
term `cost' means the total value of cash and non-cash contributions.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3456]]

SEC. 212. DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR RECIPIENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDS.

    (a) Disclosure Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2374b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2374b.>>  Disclosure requirements for 
                    recipients of research and development funds

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), an 
individual or entity (including a State or local government) that uses 
funds received from the Department of Defense to carry out research or 
development activities shall include, in any public document pertaining 
to such activities, a clear statement indicating the dollar amount of 
the funds received from the Department for such activities.
    ``(b) Exception.--The disclosure requirement under subsection (a) 
shall not apply to a public document consisting of fewer than 280 
characters.
    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the disclosure 
requirement under subsection (a) on a case-by-case basis.
    ``(d) Public Document Defined.--In this section, the term `public 
document' means any document or other written statement made available 
for public reference or use, regardless of whether such document or 
statement is made available in hard copy or electronic format.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 prec.>>  is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
           development funds.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2374b note.>>  Effective Date and 
Applicability.--The amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect 
on October 1, 2021, and shall apply with respect to funds for research 
and development that are awarded by the Department of Defense on or 
after that date.
SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES 
                        AND PILOT PROGRAM ON STRENGTHENING THE 
                        DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL AND INNOVATION BASE.

    (a) National Security Innovation Activities.--Section 230 of the 
John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (h);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as 
        subsections (f) through (h), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(e) Advisory Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Under Secretary shall establish a 
        mechanism to seek advice from existing Federal advisory 
        committees on matters relating to--
                    ``(A) the implementation and prioritization of 
                activities established under subsection (a); and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3457]]

                    ``(B) determining how such activities may be used to 
                support the overall technology strategy of the 
                Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Existing federal advisory committees defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term `existing Federal advisory committee' means 
        an advisory committee that--
                    ``(A) is established pursuant to a provision of 
                Federal law other than this section; and
                    ``(B) has responsibilities relevant to the 
                activities established under subsection (a), as 
                determined by the Under Secretary.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (1) of subsection (g) (as so redesignated) 
        by striking ``strengthening manufacturing in the defense 
        industrial base'' and inserting ``strengthening the defense 
        industrial and innovation base''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Plan.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a plan that describes--
            (1) the mechanism the Under Secretary will use to seek 
        advice from existing Federal advisory committees as required 
        under section 230(e) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note) (as added by subsection (a) of this section); 
        and
            (2) the expected roles and responsibilities of such 
        committees with respect to advising the Under Secretary on the 
        activities established under section 230 of such Act.

    (c) Pilot Program on Defense Industrial and Innovation Base.--
Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note) is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``manufacturing in 
        the defense industrial base'' and inserting ``the defense 
        industrial and innovation base'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                inserting ``and the defense innovation base'' after 
                ``industrial base'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``development, 
                prototyping, and manufacturing'' before ``production''; 
                and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``manufacturing 
                and production'' and inserting ``development, 
                prototyping, and manufacturing'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2) Section 230 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note).'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``manufacturing 
                and production'' and inserting ``development, 
                prototyping, and manufacturing'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``manufacturing 
                and production'';

[[Page 134 STAT. 3458]]

                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking ``manufacturers'' 
                and inserting ``companies''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking ``manufacturers'' 
                and inserting ``companies'';
            (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``the date that is four 
        years after the date of the enactment of this Act'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2026''; and
            (6) in subsection (e), by striking ``January 31, 2022'' and 
        inserting ``January 31, 2027''.
SEC. 214. UPDATES TO DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND 
                        TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):

    ``(e) Use of Quantum Computing Capabilities.--The Secretary of each 
military department shall--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: List.>>  develop and annually update a list of 
        technical problems and research challenges which are likely to 
        be addressable by quantum computers available for use within in 
        the next one to three years, with a priority for technical 
        problems and challenges where quantum computing systems have 
        performance advantages over traditional computing systems, in 
        order to enhance the capabilities of such quantum computers and 
        support the addressing of relevant technical problems and 
        research challenges; and
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  establish programs and enter 
        into agreements with appropriate medium and small businesses 
        with functional quantum computing capabilities to provide such 
        private sector capabilities to government, industry, and 
        academic researchers working on relevant technical problems and 
        research activities.''.
SEC. 215. ESTABLISHMENT OF DIRECTED ENERGY WORKING GROUP.

    Section 219 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (4); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (4); 
                and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(d) Directed Energy Working Group.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 60 
        days after the date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall establish a working group to be known as the `Directed 
        Energy Working Group'.
            ``(2) Responsibilities.--The Directed Energy Working Group 
        shall--
                    ``(A) analyze and evaluate the current and planned 
                directed energy programs of each of the military 
                departments;
                    ``(B) make recommendations to the Secretary of 
                Defense--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3459]]

                          ``(i) describing how memoranda of 
                      understanding may be used to coordinate the 
                      directed energy activities conducted by the 
                      Department of Defense using amounts authorized to 
                      be appropriated for research, development, test, 
                      and evaluation; and
                          ``(ii) proposing the establishment of specific 
                      memoranda of understanding between individual 
                      organizations and elements of the Department of 
                      Defense to facilitate such coordination;
                    ``(C) identify methods of quickly fielding directed 
                energy capabilities and programs; and
                    ``(D) develop a compendium on the effectiveness of 
                directed energy weapon systems and integrate the 
                compendium into an overall Joint Effectiveness Manual 
                under the guidance from the Joint Technical Coordination 
                Group for Munitions Effectiveness.
            ``(3) Head of working group.--The head of the Directed 
        Energy Working Group shall be the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering or the designee of the Under Secretary.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Appointments.>>  Membership.--The members of 
        the Directed Energy Working Group shall be appointed as follows:
                    ``(A) One member from each military department, 
                appointed by the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned.
                    ``(B) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Research and Engineering.
                    ``(C) One member appointed by the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment.
                    ``(D) One member appointed by the Director of the 
                Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department of 
                Defense.
                    ``(E) One member appointed by the Director of the 
                Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
                    ``(F) One member appointed by the Director of 
                Operational Test and Evaluation.
                    ``(G) One member appointed by the Director of the 
                Missile Defense Agency.
                    ``(H) Such other members as may be appointed by the 
                Secretary of Defense from among individuals serving in 
                the Department of Defense.
            ``(5) Deadline for appointment.--Members of the Directed 
        Energy Working Group shall be appointed not later than 30 days 
        after the date of the establishment of the working group under 
        paragraph (1).
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Briefings to 
        congress.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, and not less frequently 
        than once every 180 days thereafter, the Directed Energy Working 
        Group shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the progress of each directed energy program that is 
        being adopted or fielded by the Department of Defense.
            ``(7) Termination.--The Directed Energy Working Group 
        established under this subsection shall terminate 4 years after 
        the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3460]]

SEC. 216. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE 
                        RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND 
                        EVALUATION CENTERS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 233 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``2022'' and inserting 
        ``2027''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  In general.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
        Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the status of the pilot 
        program.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) With respect to any military department not 
                participating in the pilot program, an explanation for 
                such nonparticipation, including identification of--
                          ``(i) any issues that may be preventing such 
                      participation; and
                          ``(ii) any offices or other elements of the 
                      Department of Defense that may be responsible for 
                      the delay in participation.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  Technical Amendment.--Effective as 
of December 23, 2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
233(c)(2)(C)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by 
striking ``Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Technology, 
and Logistics'' and inserting ``Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology''.

    (c) Extension of Pilot Program to Improve Incentives for Technology 
Transfer From Department of Defense Laboratories.--Subsection (e) of 
section 233 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2514 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall terminate 
on September 30, 2025.''.
SEC. 217. DESIGNATION OF SENIOR OFFICIALS FOR CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY 
                        AREAS SUPPORTIVE OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE 
                        STRATEGY.

    (a) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  Designation of Senior Officials.--
The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall--
            (1) identify technology areas that the Under Secretary 
        considers critical for the support of the National Defense 
        Strategy; and
            (2) for each such technology area, designate a senior 
        official of the Department of Defense to coordinate research and 
        engineering activities in that area.

    (b) Duties.--The duties of each senior official designated under 
subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the technology area 
overseen by such official--
            (1) developing and continuously updating research and 
        technology development roadmaps, funding strategies, and 
        technology transition strategies to ensure--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3461]]

                    (A) the effective and efficient development of new 
                capabilities in the area; and
                    (B) the operational use of appropriate technologies;
            (2) conducting annual assessments of workforce, 
        infrastructure, and industrial base capabilities and capacity to 
        support--
                    (A) the roadmaps developed under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) the goals of the National Defense Strategy;
            (3) reviewing the relevant research and engineering budgets 
        of appropriate organizations within the Department of Defense, 
        including the Armed Forces, and advising the Under Secretary 
        on--
                    (A) the consistency of the budgets with the roadmaps 
                developed under paragraph (1);
                    (B) any technical and programmatic risks to the 
                achievement of the research and technology development 
                goals of the National Defense Strategy;
                    (C) programs, projects, and activities that 
                demonstrate--
                          (i) unwanted or inefficient duplication, 
                      including duplication with activities of other 
                      government agencies and the commercial sector;
                          (ii) lack of appropriate coordination with 
                      other organizations; or
                          (iii) inappropriate alignment with 
                      organizational missions and capabilities;
            (4) coordinating the research and engineering activities of 
        the Department with appropriate international, interagency, and 
        private sector organizations; and
            (5) tasking appropriate intelligence agencies of the 
        Department to develop a direct comparison between the 
        capabilities of the United States in the technology area 
        concerned and the capabilities of adversaries of the United 
        States in that area.

    (c) Annual Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2021, and not 
        later than December 1 of each year thereafter through December 
        1, 2025, the Under Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on research and engineering 
        activities and on the status of the technology areas identified 
        under subsection (a)(1), including a description of any 
        programs, projects, or activities in such areas, that have, in 
        the year preceding the date of the report--
                    (A) achieved significant technical progress;
                    (B) transitioned from the research and development 
                phase to formal acquisition programs;
                    (C) transitioned from the research and development 
                phase into operational use; or
                    (D) been transferred from the Department of Defense 
                to private sector organizations for further commercial 
                development or commercial sales.
            (2) <<NOTE: Public information. Classified information.>>  
        Form.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall submitted in 
        unclassified form that can be made available to the public, but 
        may include a classified annex.

    (d) Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities.--The 
Service Acquisition Executive for each military department and the 
Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency shall each 
identify senior officials to ensure coordination

[[Page 134 STAT. 3462]]

of appropriate research and engineering activities with each of the 
senior officials designated under subsection (a).
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--Section 218 of the John Warner National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking the second sentence and 
        inserting ``The Office shall carry out the program and 
        activities described in subsections (b) and (c) and shall have 
        such other responsibilities relating to hypersonics as the 
        Secretary shall specify'';
            (2) by striking subsections (b), (e) and (f);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (b) and (c), respectively;
            (4) in subsection (b)(1), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``provide the Office with'' and all that follows through the 
        period at the end and inserting ``provide the Office with 
        foundational and applied hypersonic research, development, and 
        workforce support in areas that the Office determines to be 
        relevant for the Department of Defense.'';
            (5) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by 
                striking ``In carrying out the program required by 
                subsection (b), the Office'' and inserting ``The 
                Office'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
            ``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of 
        hypersonic technologies to meet the stated needs of the 
        warfighter, including flight testing, ground-based-testing, and 
        underwater launch testing.'';
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and 
                (7) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (6), respectively;
                    (E) by amending paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
                to read as follows:
            ``(2) Ensure prototyping demonstration programs on 
        hypersonic systems integrate advanced technologies to speed the 
        maturation and deployment of future hypersonic systems.'';
                    (F) by amending paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
                to read as follows:
            ``(3) Ensure that any demonstration program on hypersonic 
        systems is carried out only if determined to be consistent with 
        the roadmap for the relevant critical technology area supportive 
        of the National Defense Strategy, as developed by the senior 
        official with responsibility for such area under section 217 of 
        the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2021.'';
                    (G) by amending paragraph (4), as so redesignated, 
                to read as follows:
            ``(4) Develop strategies and roadmaps for hypersonic 
        technologies to enable the transition of such technologies to 
        future operational capabilities for the warfighter.'';
                    (H) by inserting after paragraph (4), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
            ``(5) Develop and implement a strategy for enhancing the 
        current and future hypersonics workforce.''; and
                    (I) by amending paragraph (6), as so redesignated, 
                to read as follows:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3463]]

            ``(6) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and agencies to 
        support the technological advantage of the United States in 
        developing hypersonic systems.''.
SEC. 218. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  EXECUTIVE AGENT FOR 
                        AUTONOMY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Designation.>>  In General.--Not later than 
February 1, 2022, the Secretary of the Navy shall designate an existing 
program executive officer from within the Department of the Navy to 
serve as the acquisition executive agent for autonomy who shall be the 
official within the Department with primary responsibility for the 
acquisition of autonomous technology. The officer designated as 
acquisition executive agent for autonomy shall carry out the 
responsibilities of such position in addition to the responsibilities 
otherwise assigned to such officer as a program executive officer.

    (b) Program Executive Officer Defined.--In this section, the term 
``program executive officer'' has the meaning given that term in section 
1737(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 219. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4811 note.>>  NATIONAL SECURITY 
                        INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
activity--
            (1) to support partnerships between the Department of 
        Defense and academic institutions, private sector firms in 
        defense and commercial sectors, commercial accelerators and 
        incubators, commercial innovation hubs, public sector 
        organizations, and nonprofit entities with missions relating to 
        national security innovation;
            (2) to expand the national security innovation base, 
        including through engagement with academia, defense industry, 
        commercial industry, government organizations, and the venture 
        capital community;
            (3) to accelerate the transition of technologies and 
        services into acquisition programs and operational use;
            (4) to work in coordination with the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Personnel and Readiness, other organizations within 
        the Office of the Secretary, and the Armed Forces to create new 
        pathways and models of national security service that facilitate 
        employment within the Department;
            (5) to facilitate engagement with entities described in 
        paragraph (1) for the purpose of developing solutions to 
        national security and defense problems articulated by entities 
        within the Department, including through programs such as the 
        Hacking for Defense program;
            (6) to establish physical locations throughout the United 
        States to support partnerships with academic, government, and 
        private sector industry partners; and
            (7) to enhance the capabilities of the Department in market 
        research, industrial and technology base awareness, source 
        selection, partnerships with private sector capital, and access 
        to commercial technologies.

    (b) Authorities.--In addition to the authorities provided under this 
section, in carrying out this section, the Secretary of Defense may use 
the following authorities:
            (1) Section 1599g of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to public-private talent exchanges.
            (2) Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to Centers for Science, Technology, and Engineering 
        Partnerships.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3464]]

            (3) Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to prizes for advanced technology achievements.
            (4) Section 2474 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to Centers of Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            (5) Section 2521 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to the Manufacturing Technology Program.
            (6) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
        Code, relating to assignments to and from States.
            (7) Chapter 47 of title 5, United States Code, relating to 
        personnel research programs and demonstration projects.
            (8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
        Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, 
        United States Code, relating to cooperative research and 
        development agreements.
            (9) Such other authorities as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) Support from other department of defense 
        organizations.--The Secretary of Defense may direct other 
        organizations and elements of the Department of Defense to 
        provide personnel, resources, and other support to the activity 
        established under this section, as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
            (2) Implementation plan.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 
                one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a plan for implementing 
                the activity established under this section.
                    (B) Elements.--The plan required under subparagraph 
                (A) shall include the following:
                          (i) Plans that describe any support that will 
                      be provided for the activity by other 
                      organizations and elements of the Department of 
                      Defense under paragraph (1).
                          (ii) Plans for the implementation of the 
                      activity, including plans for--
                                    (I) future funding and 
                                administrative support of the activity;
                                    (II) integration of the activity 
                                into the programming, planning, 
                                budgeting, and execution process of the 
                                Department of Defense;
                                    (III) integration of the activity 
                                with the other programs and initiatives 
                                within the Department that have missions 
                                relating to innovation and outreach to 
                                the academic and the private sector ; 
                                and
                                    (IV) performance indicators by which 
                                the activity will be assessed and 
                                evaluated.
                          (iii) A description of any additional 
                      authorities the Secretary may require to 
                      effectively carry out the responsibilities under 
                      this section.
SEC. 220. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  SOCIAL SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT 
                        SCIENCE, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE RESEARCH 
                        ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering,

[[Page 134 STAT. 3465]]

shall carry out a program of research and development in social science, 
management science, and information science.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program under subsection (a) are 
as follows:
            (1) To ensure that the Department of Defense has access to 
        innovation and expertise in social science, management science, 
        and information science to enable the Department to improve the 
        effectiveness, efficiency, and agility of the Department's 
        operational and management activities.
            (2) To develop and manage a portfolio of research 
        initiatives in fundamental and applied social science, 
        management science, and information science that is stable, 
        consistent, and balanced across relevant disciplines.
            (3) To enhance cooperation and collaboration on research and 
        development in the fields of social science, management science, 
        and information science between the Department of Defense and 
        appropriate private sector and international entities that are 
        involved in research and development in such fields.
            (4) To accelerate the development of a research community 
        and industry to support Department of Defense missions in the 
        fields of social science, management science, and information 
        science, including the development of facilities, a workforce, 
        infrastructure, and partnerships in support of such missions.
            (5) To coordinate all research and development within the 
        Department of Defense in the fields of social science, 
        management science, and information science.
            (6) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
        information on research and development in the fields of social 
        science, management science, and information science.
            (7) To assess and appropriately share, with other 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government and 
        appropriate entities in the private sector--
                    (A) challenges within the Department of Defense that 
                may be addressed through the application of advances in 
                social science, management science, and information 
                science; and
                    (B) datasets related to such challenges.
            (8) To support the identification of organizational and 
        institutional barriers to the implementation of management and 
        organizational enhancements and best practices.
            (9) To accelerate efforts--
                    (A) to transition, and deploy within the Department 
                of Defense, technologies and concepts derived from 
                research and development in the fields of social 
                science, management science, and information science; 
                and
                    (B) to establish policies, procedures, and standards 
                for measuring the success of such efforts.
            (10) To integrate knowledge from cross-disciplinary research 
        on--
                    (A) how factors relating to social science, 
                management science, and information science affect the 
                global security environment; and
                    (B) best practices for management in the public and 
                private sectors.
            (11) To apply principles, tools, and methods from social 
        science, management science, and information science--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3466]]

                    (A) to ensure the Department of Defense is more 
                agile, efficient, and effective in organizational 
                management and in deterring and countering current and 
                emerging threats; and
                    (B) to support the National Defense Strategy.

    (c) Administration.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall supervise the planning, management, and coordination 
of the program under subsection (a).
    (d) <<NOTE: Consultation. Plans.>>  Activities.--The Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Policy, the Secretaries of the military 
departments, and the heads of relevant Defense Agencies, shall--
            (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
        specific technical goals for the program, including--
                    (A) optimization of analysis of national security 
                data sets;
                    (B) development of innovative defense-related 
                management activities;
                    (C) improving the operational use of social science, 
                management science, and information science innovations 
                by military commanders and civilian leaders;
                    (D) improving understanding of the fundamental 
                social, cultural, and behavioral forces that shape the 
                strategic interests of the United States; and
                    (E) developing a Department of Defense workforce 
                capable of developing and leveraging innovations and 
                best practices in the fields of social science, 
                management science, and information science to support 
                defense missions;
            (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
        investment plan for meeting near-term, mid-term, and long-term 
        national security, defense-related, and Departmental management 
        challenges that--
                    (A) includes definitive milestones;
                    (B) provides for achieving specific technical goals;
                    (C) establishes pathways to address the operational 
                and management missions of the Department through--
                          (i) the evaluation of innovations and advances 
                      in social science, management science, and 
                      information science for potential implementation 
                      within the Department; and
                          (ii) implementation of such innovations and 
                      advances within the Department, as appropriate; 
                      and
                    (C) builds upon the investments of the Department, 
                other departments and agencies of the Federal 
                Government, and the commercial sector in the fields of 
                social science, management science, and information 
                science;
            (3) develop plans for--
                    (A) the development of the Department's workforce in 
                social science, management science, and information 
                science; and
                    (B) improving awareness of--
                          (i) the fields of social science, management 
                      science, and information science;
                          (ii) advances and innovations in such fields; 
                      and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3467]]

                          (iii) and the ability of such advances and 
                      innovations to enhance the efficiency and 
                      effectiveness of the Department; and
            (4) <<NOTE: Memorandums. Determination.>>  develop memoranda 
        of agreement, joint funding agreements, and such other 
        cooperative arrangements as the Under Secretary determines 
        necessary--
                    (A) to carry out the program under subsection (a); 
                and
                    (B) to transition appropriate products, services, 
                and innovations relating social science, management 
                science, and information science into use within the 
                Department.

    (e) Guidance Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall develop 
        and issue guidance for defense-related social science, 
        management science, and information science activities, 
        including--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  classification and data 
                management plans for such activities;
                    (B) policies for control of personnel participating 
                in such activities to protect national security 
                interests; and
                    (C) ensuring that research findings and innovations 
                in the fields of social science, management science, and 
                information science are incorporated into the activities 
                and strategic documents of the Department.
            (2) Updates.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
        and Engineering shall regularly update the guidance issued under 
        paragraph (1).

    (f) Designation of Entity.--The Secretary of each military 
department may establish or designate an entity or activity under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary, which may include a Department of 
Defense Laboratory, an academic institution, or another appropriate 
organization, to support interdisciplinary research and development 
activities in the fields of social science, management science, and 
information science, and engage with appropriate public and private 
sector organizations, including academic institutions, to enhance and 
accelerate the research, development, and deployment of social science, 
management science, and information science within the Department.
    (g) Use of Other Authority.--The Secretary of Defense shall use the 
authority provided under section 217 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
2358 note) to enhance the ability of the Department of Defense to access 
technical talent and expertise at academic institutions in support of 
the purposes of this section.
    (h) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the program under subsection (a).
            (2) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form of report.--The 
        report required under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in 
        unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.
SEC. 221. ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
                        MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Cost Assessments.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3468]]

            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  Initial cost 
        estimate.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force, in 
        consultation with the Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation, shall--
                    (A) define key technical, programmatic, and 
                operational characteristics for the Advanced Battle 
                Management System; and
                    (B) produce an initial cost estimate for the System 
                that includes--
                          (i) estimated costs for each product category 
                      described in the report submitted to Congress 
                      under section 236 the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 
                      116-92; 133 Stat. 1281); and
                          (ii) a description of each cost estimating 
                      methodology used in the preparation of the 
                      estimate.
            (2) Review and report.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        completion of the estimate required under paragraph (1), the Air 
        Force Cost Analysis Agency shall--
                    (A) conduct a non-advocate cost assessment of the 
                estimate; and
                    (B) submit to the congressional defense committees 
                and the Government Accountability Office a report on the 
                results of the assessment.

    (b) Program Update Briefings.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  In general.--Beginning 
        not later than January 1, 2021, and on a quarterly basis 
        thereafter, the Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the 
        congressional defense committees a program update briefing on 
        the Advanced Battle Management System and all associated 
        technologies.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) a detailed explanation of any on-ramp exercise 
                of the Advanced Battle Management System conducted 
                during the quarter covered by the report, including an 
                explanation of--
                          (i) the objectives achieved by the exercise 
                      and any data collected for the purposes of 
                      decision making;
                          (ii) identification of the portions of the 
                      exercise that were scripted and unscripted and any 
                      technical workarounds or substitutes used for 
                      purposes of the exercise; and
                          (iii) the interim capabilities provided to 
                      combatant commanders after the conclusion of the 
                      exercise (commonly known as ``leave behind'' 
                      capabilities) and a plan for the sustainment or 
                      upgrade of such capabilities; and
                          (iv) the total cost of the exercise and a 
                      breakdown of the costs with respect to technology, 
                      range and demonstration resources, personnel, and 
                      logistics; and
                    (B) such other information as the Secretary of the 
                Air Force determines appropriate.

    (c) Report on Security and Resiliency Measures.--At the same time as 
the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 is submitted to 
Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that describes

[[Page 134 STAT. 3469]]

how the Secretary plans to ensure the security and resiliency of the 
Advanced Battle Management System, including a description of any 
information assurance and anti-tamper requirements for the System.
    (d) Additional Report and Briefings.--Not later than April 1, 2021, 
the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the following:
            (1) Report on planned capabilities.--A report on the planned 
        product line capabilities of the Advanced Battle Management 
        System, including--
                    (A) a description of the technologies needed to 
                implement and achieve such product line capabilities;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  a timeline for the 
                technical maturation of such product line capabilities; 
                and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Schedule.>>  a notional schedule for 
                fielding such product line capabilities over the period 
                covered by the most recent future-years defense program 
                submitted under section 221 of title 10, United States 
                Code, as of the date of the report.
            (2) Briefing on acquisition authorities.--A briefing on the 
        allocation of responsibilities among the individuals and 
        entities responsible for acquisition for the Advanced Battle 
        Management System, including an explanation of how decision-
        making and governance of the acquisition process is allocated 
        among the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, 
        Technology, and Logistics, the Chief Architect Integration 
        Office, the Air Force Warfighting Integration Capability, and 
        other entities within the Department of the Air Force that are 
        expected provide capabilities for the System.
            (3) Briefing on alignment with common mission control 
        center.-- <<NOTE: Classified information.>> A briefing, which 
        may be provided in classified or unclassified form, that 
        explains how, and to what extent, the Advanced Battle Management 
        System will be aligned and coordinated with the Common Mission 
        Control Center of the Air Force.

    (e) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' has the meaning given that 
term in section 236(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).
    (f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 147(g) of the John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
232; 132 Stat. 1670) is repealed.
SEC. 222. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE 
                        FIELDING OF AIR FORCE HYPERSONIC 
                        CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Improvement of Ground-based Test Facilities.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall take such actions as may be necessary to improve ground-
based test facilities used for the research, development, test, and 
evaluation of hypersonic capabilities.
    (b) Increasing Flight Test Rate.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
increase the rate at which hypersonic capabilities are flight tested to 
expedite the maturation and fielding of such capabilities.
    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation. Time period.>>  Strategy and 
Plan.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, in consultation with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a strategy and plan for fielding air-
launched and air-

[[Page 134 STAT. 3470]]

breathing hypersonic weapons capabilities within the period of three 
years following such date of enactment.

    (d) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Report.--In addition to the strategy 
and plan required under subsection (c), not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the testing capabilities and 
infrastructure used for hypersonic weapons development. The report shall 
include--
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of the sufficiency 
        of the testing capabilities and infrastructure used for fielding 
        hypersonic weapons; and
            (2) a description of any investments in testing capabilities 
        and infrastructure that may be required to support in-flight and 
        ground-based testing for such weapons.
SEC. 223. <<NOTE: 42 USC 6605.>>  DISCLOSURE OF FUNDING SOURCES IN 
                        APPLICATIONS FOR FEDERAL RESEARCH AND 
                        DEVELOPMENT AWARDS.

    (a) Disclosure Requirement.--Each Federal research agency shall 
require, as part of any application for a research and development award 
from such agency--
            (1) that each covered individual listed on the application--
                    (A) disclose the amount, type, and source of all 
                current and pending research support received by, or 
                expected to be received by, the individual as of the 
                time of the disclosure;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  certify that the 
                disclosure is current, accurate, and complete; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Update.>>  agree to update such 
                disclosure at the request of the agency prior to the 
                award of support and at any subsequent time the agency 
                determines appropriate during the term of the award; and
            (2) that any entity applying for such award certify that 
        each covered individual who is employed by the entity and listed 
        on the application has been made aware of the requirements under 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Consistency.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology 
Council and in accordance with the authority provided under section 
1746(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92; 42 U.S.C. 6601 note) shall ensure that the 
requirements issued by Federal research agencies under subsection (a) 
are consistent.
    (c) Enforcement.--
            (1) Rejection for violation of law or agency terms.--A 
        Federal research agency may reject an application for a research 
        and development award if the current and pending research 
        support disclosed by an individual under subsection (a) violates 
        Federal law or agency terms and conditions.
            (2) Enforcement for noncompliance.--Subject to paragraph 
        (3), in the event that a covered individual listed on an 
        entity's application for a research and development award 
        knowingly fails to disclose information under subsection (a), a 
        Federal research agency may take one or more of the following 
        actions:
                    (A) Reject the application.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3471]]

                    (B) Suspend or terminate a research and development 
                award made by that agency to the individual or entity.
                    (C) Temporarily or permanently discontinue any or 
                all funding from that agency for the individual or 
                entity.
                    (D) Temporarily or permanently suspend or debar the 
                individual or entity in accordance with part 180 of 
                title 2, Code of Federal Regulations, any successor 
                regulation, or any other appropriate law or regulation, 
                from receiving government funding.
                    (E) Refer the failure to disclose under subsection 
                (a) to the Inspector General of the agency concerned for 
                further investigation or to Federal law enforcement 
                authorities to determine whether any criminal or civil 
                laws were violated.
                    (F) Place the individual or entity in the Federal 
                Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System for 
                noncompliance to alert other agencies.
                    (G) Take such other actions against the individual 
                or entity as are authorized under applicable law or 
                regulations.
            (3) Special rule for enforcement against entities.--An 
        enforcement action described in paragraph (2) may be taken 
        against an entity only in a case in which--
                    (A) the entity did not meet the requirements of 
                subsection (a)(2);
                    (B) the entity knew that a covered individual failed 
                to disclose information under subsection (a)(1) and the 
                entity did not take steps to remedy such nondisclosure 
                before the application was submitted; or
                    (C) the head of the Federal research agency 
                concerned determines that--
                          (i) the entity is owned, controlled, or 
                      substantially influenced by a covered individual; 
                      and
                          (ii) such individual knowingly failed to 
                      disclose information under subsection (a)(1).
            (4) Notice.--A Federal research agency that intends to take 
        action under paragraph (1) or (2) shall, as practicable and in 
        accordance with part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal 
        Regulations, any successor regulation, or any other appropriate 
        law or regulation, notify each individual or entity subject to 
        such action about the specific reason for the action, and shall 
        provide such individuals and entities with the opportunity to, 
        and a process by which, to contest the proposed action.
            (5) Evidentiary standards.--A Federal research agency 
        seeking suspension or debarment under paragraph (2)(D) shall 
        abide by the procedures and evidentiary standards set forth in 
        part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal Regulations, any successor 
        regulation, or any other appropriate law or regulation.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual 
        who--
                    (A) contributes in a substantive, meaningful way to 
                the scientific development or execution of a research 
                and development project proposed to be carried out with 
                a research and development award from a Federal research 
                agency; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3472]]

                    (B) is designated as a covered individual by the 
                Federal research agency concerned.
            (2) The term ``current and pending research support''--
                    (A) means all resources made available, or expected 
                to be made available, to an individual in support of the 
                individual's research and development efforts, 
                regardless of--
                          (i) whether the source of the resource is 
                      foreign or domestic;
                          (ii) whether the resource is made available 
                      through the entity applying for a research and 
                      development award or directly to the individual; 
                      or
                          (iii) whether the resource has monetary value; 
                      and
                    (B) includes in-kind contributions requiring a 
                commitment of time and directly supporting the 
                individual's research and development efforts, such as 
                the provision of office or laboratory space, equipment, 
                supplies, employees, or students.
            (3) The term ``entity'' means an entity that has applied for 
        or received a research and development award from a Federal 
        research agency.
            (4) The term ``Federal research agency'' means any Federal 
        agency with an annual extramural research expenditure of over 
        $100,000,000.
            (5) The term ``research and development award'' means 
        support provided to an individual or entity by a Federal 
        research agency to carry out research and development 
        activities, which may include support in the form of a grant, 
        contract, cooperative agreement, or other such transaction. The 
        term does not include a grant, contract, agreement or other 
        transaction for the procurement of goods or services to meet the 
        administrative needs of a Federal research agency.
SEC. 224. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4571 note.>>  GOVERNANCE OF FIFTH-
                        GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING IN THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Transition of 5G Wireless Networking to Operational Use.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Transition plan required.--The 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in 
        consultation with the cross functional team established under 
        subsection (c), shall develop a plan to transition fifth-
        generation (commonly known as ``5G'') wireless technology to 
        operational use within the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The transition plan under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  A timeline for the 
                transition of responsibility for 5G wireless networking 
                to the Chief Information Officer, as required under 
                subsection (b)(1).
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  A description of the 
                roles and responsibilities of the organizations and 
                elements of the Department of Defense with respect to 
                the acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 5G 
                wireless networking for the Department, as determined by 
                the Secretary of Defense in accordance with subsection 
                (d).
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Interim briefing.--Not later than 
        March 31, 2021 the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
        congressional

[[Page 134 STAT. 3473]]

        defense committees a briefing on the status of the plan required 
        under paragraph (1).
            (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that includes the plan developed under 
        paragraph (1).

    (b) Senior Official for 5G Wireless Networking.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Designation of chief information 
        officer.--Not later than October 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall designate the Chief Information Officer as the 
        senior official within Department of Defense with primary 
        responsibility for--
                    (A) policy, oversight, guidance, research, and 
                coordination on matters relating to 5G wireless 
                networking; and
                    (B) making proposals to the Secretary on governance, 
                management, and organizational policy for 5G wireless 
                networking.
            (2) Role of under secretary of defense for research and 
        engineering.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering shall carry out the responsibilities specified in 
        paragraph (1) until the date on which the Secretary of Defense 
        designates the Chief Information Officer as the senior official 
        responsible for 5G wireless networking under such paragraph.

    (c) Cross-functional Team for 5G Wireless Networking.--
            (1) Establishment.--Using the authority provided under 
        section 911(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall establish a cross-functional team for 
        5G wireless networking.
            (2) Duties.--The duties of the cross-functional team 
        established under paragraph (1) shall be--
                    (A) to assist the Secretary of Defense in 
                determining the roles and responsibilities of the 
                organizations and elements of the Department of Defense 
                with respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and 
                operation of 5G wireless networking, as required under 
                subsection (d);
                    (B) to assist the senior official responsible for 5G 
                wireless networking in carrying out the responsibilities 
                assigned to such official under subsection (b);
                    (C) to oversee the implementation of the strategy 
                developed under section 254 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
                92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) for harnessing 5G wireless 
                networking technologies, coordinated across all relevant 
                elements of the Department;
                    (D) to advance the adoption of commercially 
                available, next-generation wireless communication 
                technologies, capabilities, security, and applications 
                by the Department and the defense industrial base; and
                    (E) to support public-private partnerships between 
                the Department and industry on matters relating to 5G 
                wireless networking;
                    (F) to coordinate research and development, 
                implementation and acquisition activities, warfighting 
                concept development, spectrum policy, industrial policy 
                and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3474]]

                commercial outreach and partnership relating to 5G 
                wireless networking in the Department, and interagency 
                and international engagement;
                    (G) to integrate the Department's 5G wireless 
                networking programs and policies with major initiatives, 
                programs, and policies of the Department relating to 
                secure microelectronics and command and control; and
                    (H) to oversee, coordinate, execute, and lead 
                initiatives to advance 5G wireless network technologies 
                and associated applications developed for the 
                Department.
            (3) Team leader.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall lead the cross-functional team 
        established under paragraph (1) until the date on which the 
        Secretary of Defense designates the Chief Information Officer as 
        the senior official responsible for 5G wireless networking as 
        required under subsection (b)(1). <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  
        Beginning on the date of such designation, the Chief Information 
        Officer shall lead the cross functional team.

    (d) Determination of Organizational Roles and Responsibilities.--The 
Secretary of Defense, acting through the cross-functional team 
established under subsection (c), shall determine the roles and 
responsibilities of the organizations and elements of the Department of 
Defense with respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 
5G wireless networking for the Department, including the roles and 
responsibilities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the 
intelligence components of the Department, Defense Agencies and 
Department of Defense Field Activities, the Armed Forces, combatant 
commands, and the Joint Staff.
    (e) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of 
the Secretary in--
            (1) establishing the cross-functional team under subsection 
        (c); and
            (2) determining the roles and responsibilities of the 
        organizations and elements of the Department of Defense with 
        respect to 5G wireless networking as required under subsection 
        (d).

    (f) 5G Procurement Decisions.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall be responsible for decisions relating to the 
procurement of 5G wireless technology for that department.
    (g) Telecommunications Security Program.--
            (1) Program required.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
        out a program to identify and mitigate vulnerabilities in the 5G 
        telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--In carrying out the program under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) develop a capability to communicate clearly and 
                authoritatively about threats by foreign adversaries;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  conduct independent red-
                team security analysis of systems, subsystems, devices, 
                and components of the Department of Defense including 
                no-knowledge testing and testing with limited or full 
                knowledge of expected functionalities;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3475]]

                    (C) verify the integrity of personnel who are tasked 
                with design fabrication, integration, configuration, 
                storage, test, and documentation of noncommercial 5G 
                technology to be used by the Department;
                    (D) verify the efficacy of the physical security 
                measures used at Department locations where system 
                design, fabrication, integration, configuration, 
                storage, test, and documentation of 5G technology 
                occurs;
                    (E) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  direct the Chief 
                Information Officer to assess, using existing government 
                evaluation models and schema where applicable, 5G core 
                service providers whose services will be used by the 
                Department through the Department's provisional 
                authorization process; and
                    (F) direct the Defense Information Systems Agency 
                and the United States Cyber Command to develop a 
                capability for continuous, independent monitoring of 
                non-commercial, government-transiting packet streams for 
                5G data on frequencies assigned to the Department to 
                validate the availability, confidentiality, and 
                integrity of the Department's communications systems.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Implementation plan.--Not later 
        than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a plan for the 
        implementation of the program under paragraph (1).
            (4) Report.--Not later than 270 days after submitting the 
        plan under paragraph (3), the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to Congress a report that includes--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  a comprehensive 
                assessment of the findings and conclusions of the 
                program under paragraph (1);
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommendations on 
                how to mitigate vulnerabilities in the 
                telecommunications infrastructure of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (C) an explanation of how the Department plans to 
                implement such recommendations.

    (h) Rule of Construction.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be construed 
        as providing the Chief Information Officer immediate 
        responsibility for the activities of the Department of Defense 
        in fifth-generation wireless networking experimentation and 
        science and technology development.
            (2) Purview of experimentation and science and technology 
        development.--The activities described in paragraph (1) shall 
        remain within the purview of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, but shall inform and be informed by 
        the activities of the cross-functional team established pursuant 
        to subsection (c).
SEC. 225. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4571 note.>>  DEMONSTRATION PROJECT ON 
                        USE OF CERTAIN TECHNOLOGIES FOR FIFTH-
                        GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING SERVICES.

    (a) Demonstration Project.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
a demonstration project to evaluate the maturity, performance, and cost 
of covered technologies to provide additional options for providers of 
fifth-generation wireless network services.
    (b) Location.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
demonstration project under subsection (a) in at least one location

[[Page 134 STAT. 3476]]

where the Secretary plans to deploy a fifth-generation wireless network.
    (c) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the demonstration 
project under subsection (a) in coordination with at least one major 
wireless network service provider based in the United States.
    (d) Covered Technologies Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered technologies'' means--
            (1) a disaggregated or virtualized radio access network and 
        core in which components can be provided by different vendors 
        and interoperate through open protocols and interfaces, 
        including those protocols and interfaces utilizing the Open 
        Radio Access Network (commonly known as ``Open RAN'' or 
        ``oRAN'') approach; and
            (2) one or more massive multiple-input, multiple-output 
        radio arrays, provided by one or more companies based in the 
        United States, that have the potential to compete favorably with 
        radios produced by foreign companies in terms of cost, 
        performance, and efficiency.
SEC. 226. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND 
                        DEPLOYMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES TO SUPPORT 
                        WATER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall research, develop, 
and deploy advanced water harvesting technologies to support and improve 
water sustainment within the Department of Defense and in geographic 
regions where the Department operates.
    (b) Required Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) develop advanced water harvesting systems that reduce 
        weight and logistics support needs compared to conventional 
        water supply systems, including--
                    (A) modular water harvesting systems that are easily 
                transportable; and
                    (B) trailer mounted water harvesting systems that 
                reduce resupply needs;
            (2) develop and implement storage requirements for water 
        harvesting systems at forward operating bases; and
            (3) establish cross functional teams to identify geographic 
        regions where the deployment of water harvesting systems could 
        reduce conflict and potentially eliminate the need for the 
        presence of the Armed Forces.

    (c) Additional Activities.--In addition to the activities required 
under subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
            (1) seek to leverage existing water harvesting techniques 
        and technologies and apply such techniques and technologies to 
        military operations carried out by the United States;
            (2) consider using commercially available off-the-shelf 
        items (as defined in section 104 of title 41, United States 
        Code) and near-ready deployment technologies to achieve cost 
        savings and improve the self sufficiency of warfighters; and
            (3) seek to enter into information sharing arrangements with 
        foreign militaries and other organizations that have the proven 
        ability to operate in water constrained areas for the purpose of 
        sharing lessons learned and best practices relating to water 
        harvesting.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3477]]

    (d) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Implementation.--The Secretary shall deploy 
technologies developed under subsection (b)(1) for use by expeditionary 
forces not later than January 1, 2025.

    (e) Water Harvesting Defined.--In this section, the term ``water 
harvesting'', when used with respect to a system or technology, means a 
system or technology that is capable of creating useable water by--
            (1) harvesting water from underutilized environmental 
        sources, such as by capturing water from ambient humidity; or
            (2) recycling or otherwise reclaiming water that has 
        previously been used.
SEC. 227. LIMITATION ON CONTRACT AWARDS FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED 
                        VESSELS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Reports. Certification.>>  Limitation.--Not less than 30 
days before awarding a contract using any funds from the Research, 
Development, Test, and Evaluation, Navy account for the purchase of a 
covered vessel, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report and certification described in 
subsection (c) for such contract and covered vessel.

    (b) Covered Vessels.--For purposes of this section, a covered vessel 
is one of the following:
            (1) A large unmanned surface vessel (LUSV).
            (2) A medium unmanned surface vehicle (MUSV).

    (c) Report and Certification Described.--A report and certification 
described in this subsection regarding a contract for a covered vessel 
is--
            (1) a report--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Risk assessment.>>  submitted to the 
                congressional defense committees not later than 60 days 
                after the date of the completion of an independent 
                technical risk assessment for such covered vessel;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  on the findings 
                and recommendations of the Senior Technical Authority 
                for the class of naval vessels that includes the covered 
                vessel with respect to such assessment; and
                    (C) that includes such assessment; and
            (2) a certification, submitted to the congressional defense 
        committees with the report described in paragraph (1), that 
        certifies that--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the Secretary has 
                determined, in conjunction with the Senior Technical 
                Authority for the class of naval vessels that includes 
                the covered vessel, that the critical mission, hull, 
                mechanical, and electrical subsystems of the covered 
                vessel--
                          (i) have been demonstrated in vessel-
                      representative form, fit, and function; and
                          (ii) have achieved performance levels equal to 
                      or greater than applicable Department of Defense 
                      threshold requirements for such class of vessels 
                      or have maturation plans in place to achieve such 
                      performance levels prior to transition to a 
                      program of record, including a detailed 
                      description of such achieved performance or 
                      maturation plans; and
                    (B) such contract is necessary to meet Department 
                research, development, test, and evaluation objectives 
                for

[[Page 134 STAT. 3478]]

                such covered vessel that cannot otherwise be met through 
                further land-based subsystem prototyping or other 
                demonstration approaches.

    (d) Limitation on Weapon Integration.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Effective date.>> In general.--The Secretary may 
        not integrate any offensive weapon system into a covered vessel 
        until the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary of the Defense certifies to the congressional defense 
        committees that such covered vessel--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Compliance.>>  will comply with 
                applicable laws, including the law of armed conflict, 
                with a detailed explanation of how such compliance will 
                be achieved; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  has been determined to 
                be the most appropriate surface vessel to meet 
                applicable offensive military requirements.
            (2) Completion of analysis of alternatives required.--A 
        determination under paragraph (1)(B) shall be made only after 
        the completion of an analysis of alternatives that--
                    (A) is described in subsection (e)(1); and
                    (B) supports such determination.

    (e) Submittal of Analysis of Alternatives to Congress.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Analysis of alternatives 
        required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees an analysis of alternatives 
        regarding covered vessels with an integrated offensive weapon 
        system and the most appropriate surface vessels to meet 
        applicable offensive military requirements.
            (2) Contents.--The analysis submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, at a minimum, the following elements:
                    (A) Identification of capability needs applicable to 
                such covered vessels, including offensive strike 
                capability and capacity from the Mark-41 vertical launch 
                system.
                    (B) Projected threats.
                    (C) Projected operational environments.
                    (D) Projected operational concepts.
                    (E) Projected operational requirements.
                    (F) Status quo (baseline) and surface vessel 
                alternatives able to meet the capability needs 
                identified in subparagraph (A), including--
                          (i) modified naval vessel designs, including 
                      amphibious ships, expeditionary fast transports, 
                      and expeditionary sea bases;
                          (ii) modified commercial vessel designs, 
                      including container ships and bulk carriers;
                          (iii) new naval vessel designs; and
                          (iv) new commercial vessel designs.
                    (G) Vessel design, performance, and measures of 
                effectiveness of the baseline and each alternative, 
                including a description of critical mission, hull, 
                mechanical, and electrical subsystems.
                    (H) <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  Estimated research, 
                development, test, and evaluation cost of baseline and 
                each alternative.
                    (I) <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  Estimated lead vessel 
                and average follow-on vessel procurement costs of 
                baseline and each alternative.
                    (J) Life-cycle costs of baseline and each 
                alternative.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3479]]

                    (K) Life-cycle cost per baseline vessel and each 
                alternative vessel.
                    (L) Life-cycle cost per specified quantity of 
                baseline vessels and alternative vessels.
                    (M) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  Technology readiness 
                assessment of baseline and each alternative.
                    (N) Analysis of alternatives, including relative 
                cost and capability performance of baseline and 
                alternative vessels.
                    (O) Trade-off analysis.
                    (P) Sensitivity analysis.
                    (Q) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Conclusions and 
                recommendations, which if the Secretary of Defense deems 
                it appropriate, shall include the determination required 
                under subsection (d)(1)(B).

    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``critical mission, hull, mechanical, and 
        electrical subsystems'', with respect to a covered vessel, 
        includes the following subsystems:
                    (A) Command, control, communications, computers, 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance.
                    (B) Autonomous vessel navigation, vessel control, 
                contact management, and contact avoidance.
                    (C) Communications security, including 
                cryptopgraphy, encryption, and decryption.
                    (D) Main engines, including the lube oil, fuel oil, 
                and other supporting systems.
                    (E) Electrical generation and distribution, 
                including supporting systems.
                    (F) Military payloads.
                    (G) Any other subsystem identified as critical by 
                the Senior Technical Authority for the class of naval 
                vessels that includes the covered vessel.
            (2) The term ``Senior Technical Authority'' means, with 
        respect to a class of naval vessels, the Senior Technical 
        Authority designated for that class of naval vessels under 
        section 8669b of title 10, United States Code.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

SEC. 231. MODIFICATION OF BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                        INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

    Section 260(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1293) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(11) <<NOTE: Assessments. Time period.>>  The results of 
        an assessment, conducted biannually, on the efforts of the 
        Center and the Department of Defense to develop or contribute to 
        the development of standards for artificial intelligence, 
        including--
                    ``(A) a description of such efforts;
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  an evaluation of the 
                need to incorporate standards for artificial 
                intelligence into the strategies and doctrine of the 
                Department and a description of any efforts undertaken 
                to further the development and adoption of such 
                standards;
                    ``(C) an explanation of any collaboration on 
                artificial intelligence standards development with--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3480]]

                          ``(i) other organizations and elements of the 
                      Department of Defense (including the Defense 
                      Agencies and the military departments);
                          ``(ii) agencies of the Federal Government;
                          ``(iii) the intelligence community;
                          ``(iv) representatives of the defense 
                      industrial base and other sectors of private 
                      industry; and
                          ``(v) any other agencies, entities, 
                      organizations, or persons the Secretary considers 
                      appropriate; and
                    ``(D) an explanation of any participation by the 
                Center and the Department of Defense in international or 
                other multi-stakeholder standard-setting bodies.
            ``(12) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  For each member of the Armed 
        Forces who concluded a formal assignment supporting the Center 
        in the period of six months preceding the date of the report, a 
        position description of the billet that the member transitioned 
        into, as provided to the Center by the Armed Force of the member 
        within 30 days of reassignment.
            ``(13) <<NOTE: Time period. Updates. Consultation.>>  An 
        annual update, developed in consultation with the Armed Forces, 
        on the status of active duty members of the Armed Forces 
        assigned to the Center. This update shall include the following:
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                effectiveness of such assignments in strengthening the 
                ties between the Center and the Armed Forces for the 
                purposes of--
                          ``(i) identifying tactical and operational use 
                      cases for artificial intelligence;
                          ``(ii) improving data collection relating to 
                      artificial intelligence; and
                          ``(iii) establishing effective lines of 
                      communication between the Center and the Armed 
                      Forces to identify and address concerns from the 
                      Armed Forces relating to the widespread adoption 
                      and dissemination of artificial intelligence.
                    ``(B) A description of any efforts undertaken to 
                create opportunities for additional nontraditional 
                broadening assignments at the Center for members of the 
                Armed Forces on active duty.
                    ``(C) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of the career 
                trajectories of active duty members of the Armed Forces 
                assigned to the Center, including any potential negative 
                effects of such assignment on the career trajectories of 
                such members.''.
SEC. 232. MODIFICATION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, 
                        DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.

    Section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``acquire,'' 
                before ``develop''; and
                    (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as follows:
            ``(2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) acquisition and development of mature 
                artificial intelligence technologies in support of 
                defense missions;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3481]]

                    ``(B) applying artificial intelligence and machine 
                learning solutions to operational problems by directly 
                delivering artificial intelligence capabilities to the 
                Armed Forces and other organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense;
                    ``(C) accelerating the development, testing, and 
                fielding of new artificial intelligence and artificial 
                intelligence-enabling capabilities; and
                    ``(D) coordinating and deconflicting activities 
                involving artificial intelligence and artificial 
                intelligence-enabled capabilities within the 
                Department.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (e);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as subsections 
        (d) and (e), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(c) Organization and Roles.--
            ``(1) Assignment of roles and responsibilities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition to designating an 
                official under subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense 
                shall assign to appropriate officials within the 
                Department of Defense roles and responsibilities 
                relating to the research, development, prototyping, 
                testing, procurement of, requirements for, and 
                operational use of artificial intelligence technologies.
                    ``(B) Appropriate officials.--The officials assigned 
                roles and responsibilities under subparagraph (A) shall 
                include--
                          ``(i) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                      Research and Engineering;
                          ``(ii) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                      Acquisition and Sustainment;
                          ``(iii) the Director of the Joint Artificial 
                      Intelligence Center;
                          ``(iv) one or more officials in each military 
                      department;
                          ``(v) officials of appropriate Defense 
                      Agencies; and
                          ``(vi) such other officials as the Secretary 
                      of Defense determines appropriate.
            ``(2) Role of director of the joint artificial intelligence 
        center.--
                    ``(A) Direct report to deputy secretary of 
                defense.--During the covered period, the Director of the 
                Joint Artificial Intelligence Center shall report 
                directly to the Deputy Secretary of Defense without 
                intervening authority.
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Continuation.--The 
                Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
                shall continue to report to the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense as described in subparagraph (A) after the 
                expiration of the covered period if, not later than 30 
                days before such period expires, the Deputy Secretary--
                          ``(i) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  determines 
                      that the Director should continue to report to 
                      Deputy Secretary without intervening authority; 
                      and
                          ``(ii) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  transmits notice of 
                      such determination to the congressional defense 
                      committees.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3482]]

                    ``(C) Covered period defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `covered period' means the period of two years 
                beginning on the date of the enactment of the William M. 
                (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2021.'';
            (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding 
                subparagraph (A), by inserting ``acquire,'' before 
                ``develop'';
                    (B) in the heading of paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``development'' and inserting ``acquisition, 
                development''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by striking ``To the degree practicable, the 
                      designated official'' and inserting ``The official 
                      designated under subsection (b)'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking 
                      ``development'' and inserting ``acquisition'';
                          (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and 
                      (I) as subparagraphs (J) and (K), respectively; 
                      and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (G), the 
                      following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(H) develop standard data formats for the 
                Department that--
                          ``(i) aid in defining the relative maturity of 
                      datasets; and
                          ``(ii) inform best practices for cost and 
                      schedule computation, data collection strategies 
                      aligned to mission outcomes, and dataset 
                      maintenance practices;
                    ``(I) establish data and model usage agreements and 
                collaborative partnership agreements for artificial 
                intelligence product development with each organization 
                and element of the Department, including each of the 
                Armed Forces;'';
            (6) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadline. Regulations.>>  by striking 
                ``The Secretary shall'' and inserting ``Not later than 
                180 days after the date of the enactment of the William 
                M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall 
                issue regulations to'';
                    (B) by striking ``the coordination described in 
                subsection (b) and the duties set forth in subsection 
                (c)'' and inserting ``the duties set forth in subsection 
                (d)''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
                ``At a minimum, such access shall ensure that the 
                Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center has 
                the ability to discover, access, share, and 
                appropriately reuse data and models of the Armed Forces 
                and other organizations and elements of the Department 
                of Defense, build and maintain artificial intelligence 
                capabilities for the Department, and execute the duties 
                assigned to the Director by the Secretary.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(h) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In this 
section, term `Joint Artificial Intelligence Center' means the Joint 
Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of Defense established 
pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense

[[Page 134 STAT. 3483]]

dated June 27, 2018, and titled `Establishment of the Joint Artificial 
Intelligence Center', or any successor to such Center.''.
SEC. 233. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  BOARD OF ADVISORS FOR THE 
                        JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a board 
of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the board of advisors shall include the 
following:
            (1) Provide independent strategic advice and technical 
        expertise to the Secretary and the Director on matters relating 
        to the development and use of artificial intelligence by the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Evaluate and advise the Secretary and the Director on 
        ethical matters relating to the development and use of 
        artificial intelligence by the Department.
            (3) Conduct long-term and long-range studies on matters 
        relating to artificial intelligence, as required.
            (4) Evaluate and provide recommendations to the Secretary 
        and the Director regarding the Department's development of a 
        robust workforce proficient in artificial intelligence.
            (5) Assist the Secretary and the Director in developing 
        strategic level guidance on artificial intelligence-related 
        hardware procurement, supply-chain matters, and other technical 
        matters relating to artificial intelligence.

    (c) <<NOTE: Appointments.>>  Membership.--The board of advisors 
shall be composed of appropriate experts from academic or private sector 
organizations outside the Department of Defense, who shall be appointed 
by the Secretary.

    (d) Chairperson.--The chairperson of the board of advisors shall be 
selected by the Secretary.
    (e) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Meetings.--The board of advisors shall 
meet not less than once each fiscal quarter and may meet at other times 
at the call of the chairperson or a majority of its members.

    (f) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Reports.--Not later than September 30 of 
each year through September 30, 2024, the board of advisors shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that summarizes the 
activities of the board over the preceding year.

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``artificial intelligence'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 238(g) of the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-
        232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
            (2) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the Joint 
        Artificial Intelligence Center.
            (3) The term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'' means 
        the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of 
        Defense established pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary 
        of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled ``Establishment of 
        the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center'', or any successor to 
        such Center.
            (4) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of Defense.
SEC. 234. <<NOTE: 10 USC 113 note.>>  APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL 
                        INTELLIGENCE TO THE DEFENSE REFORM PILLAR 
                        OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Identification of Use Cases.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through such officers and employees of the Department of

[[Page 134 STAT. 3484]]

Defense as the Secretary considers appropriate, including the chief data 
officers and chief management officers of the military departments, 
shall identify a set of no fewer than five use cases of the application 
of existing artificial intelligence enabled systems to support improved 
management of enterprise acquisition, personnel, audit, or financial 
management functions, or other appropriate management functions, that 
are consistent with reform efforts that support the National Defense 
Strategy.
    (b) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Prototyping Activities Aligned to Use 
Cases.--The Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering and in coordination with the Director of the 
Joint Artificial Intelligence Center and such other officers and 
employees as the Secretary considers appropriate, shall pilot technology 
development and prototyping activities that leverage commercially 
available technologies and systems to demonstrate new artificial 
intelligence enabled capabilities to support the use cases identified 
under subsection (a).

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing summarizing the activities carried out under this section.
SEC. 235. ACQUISITION OF ETHICALLY AND RESPONSIBLY DEVELOPED 
                        ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense, shall conduct an assessment to determine--
                    (A) whether the Department of Defense has the 
                ability, requisite resourcing, and sufficient expertise 
                to ensure that any artificial intelligence technology 
                acquired by the Department is ethically and responsibly 
                developed; and
                    (B) how the Department can most effectively 
                implement ethical artificial intelligence standards in 
                acquisition processes and supply chains.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted under paragraph (1) 
        shall address the following:
                    (A) Whether there are personnel occupying relevant 
                roles within the Department of Defense who have 
                sufficient expertise, across multiple disciplines 
                (including ethical, legal, and technical expertise)--
                          (i) to advise on the acquisition of artificial 
                      intelligence technology; and
                          (ii) to ensure the acquisition of ethically 
                      and responsibly developed artificial intelligence 
                      technology.
                    (B) The feasibility and advisability of retaining 
                outside experts as consultants to assist the Department 
                in strengthening capacity and filling any gaps in 
                expertise identified under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) The extent to which existing acquisition 
                processes encourage or require consultation with 
                relevant experts across multiple disciplines within the 
                Department to ensure that artificial intelligence 
                technology acquired by the Department is ethically and 
                responsibly developed.
                    (D) Quantitative and qualitative standards for 
                assessing the extent to which experts across multiple 
                disciplines are engaged in the acquisition of artificial 
                intelligence technology by the department.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3485]]

    (b) Briefing Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 30 days 
        after the date on which the Secretary of Defense completes the 
        assessment under subsection (a), the Secretary shall provide to 
        the congressional defense committees a briefing on the results 
        of the assessment.
            (2) Elements.--The briefing under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, based on the results of the assessment--
                    (A) an explanation of whether the Department of 
                Defense has personnel, in the proper roles and with 
                sufficient expertise across multiple disciplines, to 
                ensure the acquisition of ethically and responsibly 
                developed artificial intelligence technology;
                    (B) an explanation of whether the Department has 
                adequate procedures to encourage or require the 
                consultation of such experts as part of the acquisition 
                process for artificial intelligence technology;
                    (C) an explanation of any procedures the Department 
                has in place to ensure that activities involving 
                artificial intelligence are consistent with the 
                Department's ethical artificial intelligence standards; 
                and
                    (D) with respect to any deficiencies identified 
                under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), a description of 
                any measures that have been taken, and any additional 
                resources that may be needed, to mitigate such 
                deficiencies.
SEC. 236. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  STEERING COMMITTEE ON 
                        EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish a 
steering committee on emerging technology and national security threats 
(referred to in this section as the ``Steering Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--The Steering Committee shall be composed of the 
following:
            (1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.
            (2) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and 
        Security.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and 
        Readiness.
            (6) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment.
            (7) The Chief Information Officer.
            (8) Such other officials of the Department of Defense as the 
        Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

    (c) Responsibilities.--The Steering Committee shall be responsible 
for--
            (1) developing a strategy for the organizational change, 
        concept and capability development, and technology investments 
        in emerging technologies that are needed to maintain the 
        technological superiority of the United States military as 
        outlined in the National Defense Strategy;
            (2) providing assessments of emerging threats and 
        identifying investments and advances in emerging technology 
        areas undertaken by adversaries of the United States;
            (3) making recommendations to the Secretary of Defense on--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3486]]

                    (A) the implementation of the strategy developed 
                under paragraph (1);
                    (B) steps that may be taken to address the threats 
                identified under paragraph (2);
                    (C) any changes to a program of record that may be 
                required to achieve the strategy under paragraph (1);
                    (D) any changes to the Defense Planning Guidance 
                required by section 113(g)(2)(A) of title 10, United 
                States Code, that may be required to achieve the 
                strategy under paragraph (1); and
                    (E) whether sufficient resources are available for 
                the research activities, workforce, and infrastructure 
                of the Department of Defense to support the development 
                of capabilities to defeat emerging threats to the United 
                States; and
            (4) carrying out such other activities as are assigned to 
        the Steering Committee by the Secretary of Defense.

    (d) Emerging Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``emerging technology'' means technology determined to be in an emerging 
phase of development by the Secretary, including quantum information 
science and technology, data analytics, artificial intelligence, 
autonomous technology, advanced materials, software, high performance 
computing, robotics, directed energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, 
medical technologies, and such other technology as may be identified by 
the Secretary.
    (e) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

SEC. 241. <<NOTE: 10 USC 501 note prec.>>  MEASURING AND 
                        INCENTIVIZING PROGRAMMING PROFICIENCY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than two years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
carry out the following activities:
            (1) Leverage existing civilian software development and 
        software architecture certification programs to implement coding 
        language proficiency and artificial intelligence competency 
        tests within the Department of Defense that--
                    (A) measure an individual's competency in using 
                machine learning tools, in a manner similar to the way 
                the Defense Language Proficiency Test measures 
                competency in foreign language skills;
                    (B) enable the identification of members of the 
                Armed Forces and civilian employees of the Department of 
                Defense who have varying levels of quantified coding 
                comprehension and skills and a propensity to learn new 
                programming paradigms, algorithms, and data analytics; 
                and
                    (C) include hands-on coding demonstrations and 
                challenges.
            (2) <<NOTE: Update. Records.>>  Update existing 
        recordkeeping systems to track artificial intelligence and 
        programming certification testing results in a manner that is 
        comparable to the system used for tracking and documenting 
        foreign language competency, and use that recordkeeping system 
        to ensure that workforce coding and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3487]]

        artificial intelligence comprehension and skills are taken into 
        consideration when making assignments.
            (3) Implement a system of rewards, including appropriate 
        incentive pay and retention incentives, for members of the Armed 
        Forces and civilian employees of the Department of Defense who 
        perform successfully on specific language coding proficiency and 
        artificial intelligence competency tests and make their skills 
        available to the Department.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Information Sharing With Other Federal 
Agencies.--The Secretary of Defense shall share information on the 
activities carried out under subsection (a) with the Secretary of 
Homeland Security, the Attorney General, the Director of National 
Intelligence, and the heads of such other organizations of the 
intelligence community as the Secretary determines appropriate, for 
purposes of--
            (1) making information about the coding language proficiency 
        and artificial intelligence competency tests developed under 
        such subsection available to other Federal national security 
        agencies; and
            (2) encouraging the heads of such agencies to implement 
        tracking and reward systems that are comparable to those 
        implemented by the Department of Defense pursuant to such 
        subsection.

    (c) Special Pay for Programming Language Proficiency Beneficial for 
National Security Interests.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 81 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 1596b the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 1596c. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1596c.>>  Programming language 
                    proficiency: special pay for proficiency 
                    beneficial for national security interests

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, under the sole and 
exclusive discretion of the Secretary, may pay special pay under this 
section to an employee of the Department of Defense who--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  has been certified by the 
        Secretary to be proficient in a computer or digital programming 
        language identified by the Secretary as being a language in 
        which proficiency by civilian personnel of the Department is 
        necessary because of national security interests; and
            ``(2) is assigned duties requiring proficiency in that 
        programming language.

    ``(b) Rate.--The rate of special pay for an employee under this 
section shall be prescribed by the Secretary, but may not exceed 20 
percent of the employee's rate of basic pay.
    ``(c) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Special pay under 
this section is in addition to any other pay or allowances to which the 
employee is entitled.
    ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 81 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 1580 
        prec.>>  is amended by inserting

[[Page 134 STAT. 3488]]

        after the item relating to section 1596b the following new item:

``1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay for proficiency 
           beneficial for national security interests.''.

SEC. 242. MODIFICATION OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
                        TRANSFORMATION (SMART) DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B)(i), by inserting ``, including 
        by serving on active duty in the Armed Forces'' after 
        ``Department'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) may establish arrangements so that participants may 
        participate in a paid internship for an appropriate period with 
        an industry sponsor.''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The Secretary''; 
                and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:

    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into partnerships 
with minority institutions of higher education and appropriate public 
and private sector organizations to diversify the participants in the 
program under subsection (a).''.
SEC. 243. IMPROVEMENTS TO TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY 
                        FELLOWSHIP OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Modification Regarding Basic Pay.--Subparagraph (A) of section 
235(a)(4) of National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) is amended to read as 
follows:
                    ``(A) shall be compensated at a rate of basic pay 
                that is not less than the minimum rate of basic pay 
                payable for a position at GS-10 of the General Schedule 
                (subchapter III of chapter 53 of title 5, United States 
                Code) and not more than the maximum rate of basic pay 
                payable for a position at GS-15 of such Schedule; and''.

    (b) Background Checks.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Background check requirement.--No individual may 
        participate in the fellows program without first undergoing a 
        background check that the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate for participation in the program.''.
SEC. 244. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO 
                        TECHNICAL TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC 
                        INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020'' and 
                      inserting ``William M. (Mac) Thornberry National 
                      Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''; 
                      and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3489]]

                          (ii) by striking ``not fewer than three'' and 
                      inserting ``not fewer than four'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(2) Coordination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense may act through the Defense Advanced 
        Research Projects Agency or any other organization or element of 
        the Department of Defense the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by 
                inserting ``training,'' after ``management,'';
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (28) by striking ``Infrastructure 
                resilience'' and inserting ``Additive manufacturing'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as paragraph 
                (31); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the following 
                new paragraph:
            ``(30) 3D and virtual technology training platforms.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsection 
        (g) and (h), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(f) Requirement To Establish Consortia.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out subsection (a)(1)--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Office of the Secretary of Defense;
                    ``(B) the Secretary of the Army shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Army;
                    ``(C) the Secretary of the Navy shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Navy; and
                    ``(D) the Secretary of the Air Force shall seek to 
                establish at least one multi-institution consortium 
                through the Air Force.
            ``(2) Report required.--Not later than September 30, 2022, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the status of the efforts to 
        establish consortia under paragraph (1).''; and
            (5) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``2022'' and inserting ``2026''.
SEC. 245. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2191 note prec.>>  ENCOURAGEMENT OF 
                        CONTRACTOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, 
                        ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) 
                        PROGRAMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  In General.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall develop 
programs and incentives to ensure that Department of Defense contractors 
take appropriate steps to--
            (1) enhance undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs 
        in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (in this 
        section referred to as ``STEM'');
            (2) make investments, such as programming and curriculum 
        development, in STEM programs within elementary schools and 
        secondary schools;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3490]]

            (3) encourage employees to volunteer in elementary schools 
        and secondary schools, including schools that the Secretary of 
        Defense determines serve high numbers or percentages of students 
        from low-income families or that serve significant populations 
        of military dependents, in order to enhance STEM education and 
        programs;
            (4) establish partnerships with appropriate entities, 
        including institutions of higher education for the purpose of 
        training students in technical disciplines;
            (5) make personnel available to advise and assist in STEM 
        educational activities aligned with functions of the Department 
        of Defense;
            (6) award scholarships and fellowships, and establish work-
        based learning programs in scientific disciplines;
            (7) conduct recruitment activities to enhance the diversity 
        of the STEM workforce; or
            (8) make internships available to students of secondary 
        schools, undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral programs in STEM 
        disciplines.

    (b) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  Award Program.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish procedures to recognize defense industry contractors 
that demonstrate excellence in supporting STEM education, partnerships, 
programming, and other activities to enhance participation in STEM 
fields.

    (c) <<NOTE: Reports.>> Implementation.--Not later than 270 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the steps taken to implement the 
requirements of this section.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``elementary school'' and ``secondary school'' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 8101 of the 
        Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 862 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 
note prec. 2191) is repealed.
SEC. 246. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 note prec.>>  TRAINING PROGRAM FOR 
                        HUMAN RESOURCES PERSONNEL IN BEST 
                        PRACTICES FOR TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

    (a) Pilot Training Program.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than one 
        year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Personnel and Readiness and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering, shall develop and implement a pilot 
        program to provide covered human resources personnel with 
        training in public and private sector best practices for 
        attracting and retaining technical talent.
            (2) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  Training areas.--The pilot 
        program shall include training in the authorities and procedures 
        that may be used to recruit technical personnel for positions in 
        the Department of Defense, including--
                    (A) appropriate direct hiring authorities;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3491]]

                    (B) excepted service authorities;
                    (C) personnel exchange authorities;
                    (D) authorities for hiring special government 
                employees and highly qualified experts;
                    (E) special pay authorities; and
                    (F) private sector best practices to attract and 
                retain technical talent.
            (3) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop metrics 
        to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot program in 
        contributing to the ability of the Department of Defense to 
        attract and retain technical talent.
            (4) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
        plan for the implementation of the pilot program.

    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Report on plan.--Not later than one year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
        sets forth the plan required under subsection (a)(4).
            (2) Report on pilot program.--Not later than three years 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the results of the pilot program.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered human resources personnel'' means 
        members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the 
        Department of Defense, including human resources professionals, 
        hiring managers, and recruiters, who are responsible for hiring 
        technical talent.
            (2) The term ``technical talent'' means individuals with 
        expertise in high priority technical disciplines.

    (d) Termination.--The requirement to carry out the pilot program 
under this section shall terminate five years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 247. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1580 note prec.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON THE 
                        USE OF ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS TO EVALUATE 
                        CERTAIN APPLICANTS FOR TECHNICAL 
                        POSITIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall carry out a pilot program under which certain applicants 
for technical positions within the Department of Defense will be 
evaluated, in part, based on electronic portfolios of the applicant's 
work, as described in subsection (b).

    (b) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Activities.--Under the pilot program, 
the human resources manager of each organization of the Department of 
Defense participating in the program, in consultation with relevant 
subject matter experts, shall--
            (1) identify a subset of technical positions for which the 
        evaluation of electronic portfolios would be appropriate as part 
        of the hiring process; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  as appropriate, assess applicants 
        for such positions by reviewing electronic portfolios of the 
        applicants' best work, as selected by the applicant concerned.

    (c) Scope of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
pilot program under subsection (a) in--
            (1) the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center;
            (2) the Defense Digital Service;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3492]]

            (3) at least one activity of each military department, as 
        identified by the Secretary of the department concerned; and
            (4) such other organizations and elements of the Department 
        of Defense as the Secretary determines appropriate.

    (d) Report.--Not later than two years after the commencement of the 
pilot program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the results 
of the program. At a minimum, the report shall--
            (1) describe how the use of electronic portfolios in the 
        hiring process affected the timeliness of the hiring process for 
        technical positions in organizations of the Department of 
        Defense participating in the program;
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  assess the level of satisfaction 
        of organization leaders, hiring authorities, and subject matter 
        experts with the quality of applicants who were hired based on 
        evaluations of electronic portfolios;
            (3) identify other job series that could benefit from the 
        use of electronic portfolios in the hiring process;
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommend whether the use 
        of electronic portfolios in the hiring process should be 
        expanded or made permanent; and
            (5) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  recommend any statutory, 
        regulatory, or policy changes required to support the goals of 
        the pilot program under subsection (a).

    (e) Technical Position Defined.--In this section, the term 
``technical position'' means a position in the Department of Defense 
that--
            (1) requires expertise in artificial intelligence, data 
        science, or software development; and
            (2) is eligible for direct hire authority under section 9905 
        of title 5, United States Code, or section 2358a of title 10, 
        United States Code.

    (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program under 
subsection (a) shall terminate 5 years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
SEC. 248. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 note prec.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON SELF-
                        DIRECTED TRAINING IN ADVANCED 
                        TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: List.>>  Online Courses.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
carry out a pilot program under which the Secretary makes available a 
list of approved online courses relating to advanced technologies that 
may be taken by civilian employees of the Department of Defense and 
members of the Armed Forces on a voluntary basis while not engaged in 
the performance of their duties.

    (b) Procedures.--The Secretary shall establish procedures for the 
development, selection, approval, adoption, and evaluation of online 
courses under subsection (a) to ensure that such courses are supportive 
of the goals of this section and overall goals for the training and 
education of the civilian and military workforce of the Department of 
Defense.
    (c) Documentation of Completion.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
develop and implement a system--
            (1) to confirm whether a civilian employee of the Department 
        of Defense or member of the Armed Forces has completed an online 
        course approved by the Secretary under subsection (a); and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3493]]

            (2) to document the completion of such course by such 
        employee or member.

    (d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement incentives to encourage civilian employees of the Department 
of Defense and members of the Armed Forces to complete online courses 
approved by the Secretary under subsection (a).
    (e) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop metrics to 
evaluate whether, and to what extent, the pilot program under this 
section improves the ability of participants--
            (1) to perform job-related functions; and
            (2) to execute relevant missions of the Department of 
        Defense.

    (f) Advanced Technologies Defined.--In this section, the term 
``advanced technologies'' means technologies that the Secretary of 
Defense determines to be in high-demand within the Department of Defense 
and to which significant research and development efforts are devoted, 
including technologies such as artificial intelligence, data science, 
machine learning, fifth-generation telecommunications technology, and 
biotechnology.
    (g) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
activities described in subsections (a) through (e) not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (h) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.
SEC. 249. <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 note.>>  PART-TIME AND TERM 
                        EMPLOYMENT OF UNIVERSITY FACULTY AND 
                        STUDENTS IN THE DEFENSE SCIENCE AND 
                        TECHNOLOGY ENTERPRISE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Program Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a program under which opportunities for part-time and 
term employment are made available in the Defense science and technology 
enterprise for faculty and students of institutions of higher education 
for the purpose of enabling such faculty and students to carry out 
research projects in accordance with subsection (b).

    (b) Research Projects.--
            (1) Faculty.--A faculty member who is employed in position 
        made available under subsection (a) shall, in the course of such 
        employment, carry out a research project that--
                    (A) relates to a topic in the field of science, 
                technology, engineering, or mathematics; and
                    (B) contributes to the objectives of the Department 
                of Defense, as determined by the Secretary of Defense.
            (2) Students.--A student employed in position made available 
        under subsection (a) shall assist a faculty member with a 
        research project described in paragraph (1).

    (c) Selection of Participants.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the heads of participating organizations in the Defense science 
and technology enterprise, shall select individuals for participation in 
the program under subsection (a) as follows:
            (1) Faculty members shall be selected for participation on 
        the basis of--
                    (A) the academic credentials and research experience 
                of the faculty member; and
                    (B) the extent to which the research proposed to be 
                carried out by the faculty member will contribute to the 
                objectives of the Department of Defense.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3494]]

            (2) Students shall be selected to assist with a research 
        project under the program on the basis of--
                    (A) the academic credentials and other 
                qualifications of the student; and
                    (B) the student's ability to fulfill the 
                responsibilities assigned to the student as part of the 
                project.

    (d) Minimum Number of Positions.--
            (1) In general.--During the first year of the program under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall establish not 
        fewer than 10 part-time or term positions for faculty.
            (2) Artificial intelligence and machine learning.--Of the 
        positions established under paragraph (1), not fewer than five 
        such positions shall be reserved for faculty who will conduct 
        research in the area of artificial intelligence and machine 
        learning.

    (e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program under subsection (a), 
the Secretary of Defense, or the head of an organization in the Defense 
science and technology enterprise, as applicable, may--
            (1) use any hiring authority available to the Secretary or 
        the head of such organization, including--
                    (A) any hiring authority available under a 
                laboratory demonstration program, including the hiring 
                authority provided under section 2358a of title 10, 
                United States Code;
                    (B) direct hiring authority under section 1599h of 
                title 10, United States Code; and
                    (C) expert hiring authority under section 3109 of 
                title 5, United States Code;
            (2) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  enter into cooperative research 
        and development agreements under section 12 of the Stevenson-
        Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) to 
        enable the sharing of research and expertise with institutions 
        of higher education and the private sector; and
            (3) <<NOTE: Referral bonuses.>>  pay referral bonuses to 
        faculty or students participating in the program who identify--
                    (A) students to assist in a research project under 
                the program; or
                    (B) students or recent graduates to participate in 
                other programs in the Defense science and technology 
                enterprise, including internships at Department of 
                Defense laboratories and in the Pathways Program of the 
                Department.

    (f) Annual Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        conclusion of the first year of the program under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the status of the program. The 
        report shall include--
                    (A) identification of the number of faculty and 
                students employed under the program;
                    (B) identification of the organizations in the 
                Defense science and technology enterprise that employed 
                such individuals; and
                    (C) a description of the types of research conducted 
                by such individuals.
            (2) Subsequent reports.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        conclusion of the second and third years of the program under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit

[[Page 134 STAT. 3495]]

        to the congressional defense committees a report on the progress 
        of the program. Each report shall include--
                    (A) the information described in subparagraphs (A) 
                through (C) of paragraph (1);
                    (B) the results of any research projects conducted 
                under the program; and
                    (C) the number of students and recent graduates who, 
                pursuant to a reference from a faculty member or student 
                participating in the program as described in subsection 
                (e)(3), were hired by the Department of Defense or 
                selected for participation in another program in the 
                Defense science and technology enterprise.

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Defense science and technology enterprise'' 
        means--
                    (A) the research organizations of the military 
                departments;
                    (B) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 
                (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note));
                    (C) the facilities of the Major Range and Test 
                Facility Base (as defined in section 2358a(f)(3) of 
                title 10, United States Code); and
                    (D) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
            (2) The term ``faculty'' means an individual who serves as a 
        professor, researcher, or instructor at an institution of higher 
        education.
            (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of the Higher Education 
        Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
SEC. 250. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2192a note.>>  NATIONAL SECURITY 
                        WORKFORCE AND EDUCATIONAL DIVERSITY 
                        ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to diversify 
participation in the Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program under section 2192a of 
title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall--
            (1) subject to the availability of appropriations for this 
        purpose, set aside funds for financial assistance, scholarships, 
        and fellowships for students at historically Black colleges or 
        universities or at minority institutions of higher education and 
        such other institutions as the Secretary considers appropriate;
            (2) partner with institutions of higher education, and such 
        other public and private sector organizations as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, to increase diversity of participants in 
        the program described in subsection (a);
            (3) establish individual and organizational incentives, and 
        such other activities as the Secretary considers appropriate, to 
        increase diversity of student participation in the program 
        described in subsection (a);
            (4) increase awareness of opportunities to participate in 
        the program described in subsection (a);
            (5) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  evaluate the potential for new 
        programs, fellowships, and other activities at historically 
        Black colleges or universities

[[Page 134 STAT. 3496]]

        and minority institutions of higher education to increase 
        diversity in educational and workforce development programs;
            (6) identify potential changes to the program described in 
        subsection (a) that would improve diversity of participants in 
        such program; and
            (7) establish metrics to evaluate success of activities 
        under this section.

    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2024, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that evaluates the success of activities conducted by the Secretary in 
increasing diversity in appropriate programs of the Department of 
Defense and hiring and retaining diverse individuals in the science, 
mathematics, and research workforce of the public sector.
SEC. 251. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1580 note prec.>>  COORDINATION OF 
                        SCHOLARSHIP AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Establishment or Designation of Organization.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall establish or designate an organization within the 
Department of Defense which shall have primary responsibility for 
building cohesion and collaboration across the various scholarship and 
employment programs of the Department.
    (b) Duties.--The organization established or designated under 
subsection (a) shall have the following duties:
            (1) To establish an interconnected network and database 
        across the scholarship and employment programs of the 
        Department.
            (2) To aid in matching scholarships to individuals pursuing 
        courses of study in high demand skill areas.
            (3) To build a network of current and former program 
        participants for potential engagement or employment with 
        Department activities.

    (c) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  Annual Listing.--On 
an annual basis, the organization established or designated under 
subsection (a) shall publish, on a publicly accessible website of the 
Department, a listing of scholarship and employment programs carried out 
by the Department.
SEC. 252. STUDY ON MECHANISMS FOR ATTRACTING AND RETAINING HIGH 
                        QUALITY TALENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall enter into an agreement with an independent academic institution 
to conduct a study to develop policy options and recommendations for the 
establishment of a program to attract and retain covered individuals for 
employment in the Department of Defense.

    (b) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The study required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) An analysis of mechanisms the Department may use to 
        engage public and private sector organizations to assist in the 
        identification and recruitment of covered individuals for 
        employment in the Department of Defense.
            (2) Identification of statutory, regulatory, and 
        organizational barriers to the development of the program 
        described in subsection (a).
            (3) An analysis of monetary and nonmonetary incentives that 
        may be provided to retain covered individuals in positions in 
        the Department.
            (4) An analysis of methods that may be implemented to ensure 
        appropriate vetting of covered individuals.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3497]]

            (5) An analysis of the size of a program required to advance 
        the competitiveness of the research, development, test, and 
        evaluation efforts of the Department in the critical 
        technologies identified in the National Defense Strategy.
            (6) The type and amount of resources required to implement 
        the program described in subsection (a).

    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the plan of the Secretary to execute the study 
        required under subsection (a).
            (2) Final report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the results of the study conducted under subsection 
        (a).

    (d) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
individual'' means an individual who--
            (1) is engaged in work to promote and protect the national 
        security of the United States;
            (2) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded by the 
        Department of Defense; and
            (3) possesses scientific or technical expertise that will 
        advance the development of critical technologies identified in 
        the National Defense Strategy or the National Defense Science 
        and Technology Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. 
        McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
        (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679).

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

SEC. 261. <<NOTE: 15 USC 9301.>>  NATIONAL COORDINATING ENTITY FOR 
                        SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of enactment of this title, the Director of the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy shall convene an interagency entity 
(referred to in this subtitle as the ``Entity'') under the National 
Science and Technology Council with the responsibility to coordinate 
Federal programs and activities in support of sustainable chemistry, 
including those described in sections 263 and 264.

    (b) Coordination With Existing Groups.--In convening the Entity, the 
Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy shall consider 
overlap and possible coordination with existing committees, 
subcommittees, or other groups of the National Science and Technology 
Council, such as--
            (1) the Committee on Environment;
            (2) the Committee on Technology;
            (3) the Committee on Science; or
            (4) related groups or subcommittees.

    (c) Co-chairs.--The Entity shall be co-chaired by the Director of 
the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a representative from 
the Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology, the National Science Foundation, or the Department of 
Energy, as selected by the Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3498]]

    (d) Agency Participation.--The Entity shall include representatives, 
including subject matter experts, from the Environmental Protection 
Agency, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National 
Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the Department of 
Agriculture, the Department of Defense, the National Institutes of 
Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and 
Drug Administration, and other related Federal agencies, as appropriate.
    (e) Termination.--The Entity shall terminate on the date that is 10 
years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 262. <<NOTE: 15 USC 9302.>>  STRATEGIC PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE 
                        CHEMISTRY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Strategic Plan.--Not later than 2 years 
after the date of the enactment of this subtitle, the Entity shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation. Update.>>  consult with relevant 
        stakeholders, including representatives from industry, academia, 
        national labs, the Federal Government, and international 
        entities, to develop and update, as needed, a consensus 
        definition of ``sustainable chemistry'' to guide the activities 
        under this subtitle;
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  develop a working framework of 
        attributes characterizing, and metrics for assessing, 
        sustainable chemistry, as described in subsection (b);
            (3) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  assess the state of sustainable 
        chemistry in the United States as a key benchmark from which 
        progress under the activities described in this title can be 
        measured, including assessing key sectors of the United States 
        economy, key technology platforms, commercial priorities, and 
        barriers to innovation;
            (4) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  coordinate and support Federal 
        research, development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
        commercialization, education, and training efforts in 
        sustainable chemistry, including budget coordination and support 
        for public-private partnerships, as appropriate;
            (5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, and 
        opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating the development 
        of incentives for development, consideration, and use of 
        sustainable chemistry processes and products;
            (6) identify major scientific challenges, roadblocks, and 
        hurdles to transformational progress in improving the 
        sustainability of the chemical sciences; and
            (7) <<NOTE: Review.>>  review, identify, and make effort to 
        eliminate duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal 
        research in sustainable chemistry.

    (b) Characterizing and Assessing Sustainable Chemistry.--The Entity 
shall develop a working framework of attributes characterizing, and 
metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry for the purposes of 
carrying out this subtitle. In developing this framework, the Entity 
shall--
            (1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as described in 
        subsection (c);
            (2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry 
        already in use at Federal agencies;
            (3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry 
        already in use by international organizations of which the

[[Page 134 STAT. 3499]]

        United States is a member, such as the Organisation for Economic 
        Co-operation and Development; and
            (4) consider any other appropriate existing definitions of, 
        or frameworks characterizing and metrics for assessing, 
        sustainable chemistry.

    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with stakeholders 
qualified to provide advice and information to guide Federal activities 
related to sustainable chemistry through workshops, requests for 
information, or other mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall 
include representatives from--
            (1) business and industry, including trade associations and 
        small- and medium-sized enterprises from across the value chain;
            (2) the scientific community, including the National 
        Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, scientific 
        professional societies, national labs, and academia;
            (3) the defense community;
            (4) State, tribal, and local governments, including 
        nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry programs, 
        as appropriate;
            (5) nongovernmental organizations; and
            (6) other appropriate organizations.

    (d) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Entity shall submit a report to 
        the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on 
        Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on 
        Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee on Science, 
        Space, and Technology, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the 
        Committee on Agriculture, the Committee on Education and Labor, 
        and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
        Representatives. In addition to the elements described in 
        subsections (a) and (b), the report shall include--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of federally 
                funded sustainable chemistry research, development, 
                demonstration, technology transfer, commercialization, 
                education, and training activities;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the financial 
                resources allocated to sustainable chemistry initiatives 
                by each participating agency;
                    (C) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment of the 
                current state of sustainable chemistry in the United 
                States, including the role that Federal agencies are 
                playing in supporting it;
                    (D) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of the progress 
                made toward achieving the goals and priorities of this 
                subtitle, and recommendations for future program 
                activities;
                    (E) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  an evaluation of steps 
                taken and future strategies to avoid duplication of 
                efforts, streamline interagency coordination, facilitate 
                information sharing, and spread best practices among 
                participating agencies; and
                    (F) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  an evaluation of 
                duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal 
                research in sustainable chemistry, efforts undertaken by 
                the Entity to eliminate duplicative

[[Page 134 STAT. 3500]]

                funding and research, and recommendations on how to 
                achieve these goals.
            (2) Submission to gao.--The Entity shall also submit the 
        report described in paragraph (1) to the Comptroller General of 
        the United States for consideration in future Congressional 
        inquiries.
            (3) Additional reports.--The Entity shall submit a report to 
        Congress and the Comptroller General of the United States that 
        incorporates the information described in subparagraphs (A), 
        (B), (D), (E), and (F) of paragraph (1) every 3 years, 
        commencing after the initial report is submitted until the 
        Entity terminates.
SEC. 263. <<NOTE: 15 USC 9303.>>  AGENCY ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF 
                        SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity shall 
carry out activities in support of sustainable chemistry, as appropriate 
to the specific mission and programs of each agency.
    (b) Activities.--The activities described in subsection (a) shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  incorporate sustainable 
        chemistry into existing research, development, demonstration, 
        technology transfer, commercialization, education, and training 
        programs, that the agency determines to be relevant, including 
        consideration of--
                    (A) merit-based competitive grants to individual 
                investigators and teams of investigators, including, to 
                the extent practicable, early career investigators, for 
                research and development;
                    (B) grants to fund collaborative research and 
                development partnerships among universities, industry, 
                and nonprofit organizations;
                    (C) coordination of sustainable chemistry research, 
                development, demonstration, and technology transfer 
                conducted at Federal laboratories and agencies;
                    (D) incentive prize competitions and challenges in 
                coordination with such existing Federal agency programs; 
                and
                    (E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to aid in the 
                technology transfer and commercialization of sustainable 
                chemicals, materials, processes, and products;
            (2) collect and disseminate information on sustainable 
        chemistry research, development, technology transfer, and 
        commercialization, including information on accomplishments and 
        best practices;
            (3) expand the education and training of students at 
        appropriate levels of education, professional scientists and 
        engineers, and other professionals involved in all aspects of 
        sustainable chemistry and engineering appropriate to that level 
        of education and training, including through--
                    (A) partnerships with industry as described in 
                section 264;
                    (B) support for the integration of sustainable 
                chemistry principles into chemistry and chemical 
                engineering curriculum and research training, as 
                appropriate to that level of education and training; and
                    (C) support for integration of sustainable chemistry 
                principles into existing or new professional development

[[Page 134 STAT. 3501]]

                opportunities for professionals including teachers, 
                faculty, and individuals involved in laboratory research 
                (product development, materials specification and 
                testing, life cycle analysis, and management);
            (4) <<NOTE: Examination. Consultation. Assessments.>>  as 
        relevant to an agency's programs, examine methods by which the 
        Federal agencies, in collaboration and consultation with the 
        National Institute of Standards and Technology, may facilitate 
        the development or recognition of validated, standardized tools 
        for performing sustainability assessments of chemistry processes 
        or products;
            (5) through programs identified by an agency, support, 
        including through technical assistance, participation, financial 
        support, communications tools, awards, or other forms of 
        support, outreach and dissemination of sustainable chemistry 
        advances such as non-Federal symposia, forums, conferences, and 
        publications in collaboration with, as appropriate, industry, 
        academia, scientific and professional societies, and other 
        relevant groups;
            (6) provide for public input and outreach to be integrated 
        into the activities described in this section by the convening 
        of public discussions, through mechanisms such as public 
        meetings, consensus conferences, and educational events, as 
        appropriate;
            (7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to track 
        the outputs and outcomes of the programs supported by that 
        agency; and
            (8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance 
        sustainable chemistry products, processes, or initiatives, 
        including through the establishment of a nationally recognized 
        awards program through the Environmental Protection Agency to 
        identify, publicize, and celebrate innovations in sustainable 
        chemistry and chemical technologies.

    (c) Limitations .--Financial support provided under this section 
shall--
            (1) be available only for pre-competitive activities; and
            (2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific product, 
        process, or technology, or to disparage a specific product, 
        process, or technology.
SEC. 264. <<NOTE: 15 USC 9304.>>  PARTNERSHIPS IN SUSTAINABLE 
                        CHEMISTRY.

    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity may 
facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or other 
assistance, the creation of partnerships between institutions of higher 
education, nongovernmental organizations, consortia, or companies across 
the value chain in the chemical industry, including small- and medium-
sized enterprises, to--
            (1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry research, 
        development, demonstration, technology transfer, and 
        commercialization programs; and
            (2) train students and retrain professional scientists, 
        engineers, and others involved in materials specification on the 
        use of sustainable chemistry concepts and strategies by methods, 
        including--
                    (A) developing or recognizing curricular materials 
                and courses for undergraduate and graduate levels and 
                for the professional development of scientists, 
                engineers, and others involved in materials 
                specification; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3502]]

                    (B) publicizing the availability of professional 
                development courses in sustainable chemistry and 
                recruiting professionals to pursue such courses.

    (b) Private Sector Participation.--To be eligible for support under 
this section, a partnership in sustainable chemistry shall include at 
least one private sector organization.
    (c) Selection of Partnerships.--In selecting partnerships for 
support under this section, the agencies participating in the Entity 
shall also consider the extent to which the applicants are willing and 
able to demonstrate evidence of support for, and commitment to, the 
goals outlined in the strategic plan and report described in section 
262.
    (d) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Financial support provided under this 
section may not be used--
            (1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical management 
        program at an implementing agency under a State law;
            (2) to construct or renovate a building or structure; or
            (3) to promote the sale of a specific product, process, or 
        technology, or to disparage a specific product, process, or 
        technology.
SEC. 265. <<NOTE: 15 USC 9305.>>  PRIORITIZATION.

    In carrying out this subtitle, the Entity shall focus its support 
for sustainable chemistry activities on those that achieve, to the 
highest extent practicable, the goals outlined in the subtitle.
SEC. 266. <<NOTE: 15 USC 9306.>>  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to alter or amend any 
State law or action with regard to sustainable chemistry, as defined by 
the State.
SEC. 267. MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.

    Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness Act (42 
U.S.C. 1862s-2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and inserting the 
following:
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Major multi-user research 
        facility project.--The term `major multi-user research facility 
        project' means a science and engineering facility project that 
        exceeds $100,000,000 in total construction, acquisition, or 
        upgrade costs to the Foundation.''.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 271. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF 
                        OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.

    Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Engineering,,'' and inserting 
        ``Engineering,''; and
            (2) by striking ``, through January 31, 2025'' and inserting 
        ``, through January 31, 2026''.
SEC. 272. MODIFICATION TO TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER 
                        STRATEGIC PLAN REPORTING CYCLE AND 
                        CONTENTS.

    (a) Quadrennial Strategic Plan.--Section 196 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3503]]

            (1) in subsections (c)(1)(C) and (e)(2)(B), by inserting 
        ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the heading, by inserting ``Quadrennial'' 
                before ``Strategic Plan''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic 
                plan'' each place it occurs.

    (b) Timing and Coverage of Plan.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section, 
as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended, in the first 
sentence, by striking ``two fiscal years'' and inserting ``four fiscal 
years, and within one year after release of the National Defense 
Strategy,''.
    (c) Amendment to Contents of Plan.--Subsection (d)(2)(C) of such 
section is amended by striking ``based on current'' and all that follows 
through the end and inserting ``for test and evaluation of the 
Department of Defense major weapon systems based on current and emerging 
threats.''.
    (d) Annual Update to Plan.--Subsection (d) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) In addition to the quadrennial strategic plan completed 
under paragraph (1), the Director of the Department of Defense Test 
Resource Management Center shall also complete an annual update to the 
quadrennial strategic plan.
    ``(B) Each annual update completed under subparagraph (A) shall 
include the following:
            ``(i) <<NOTE: Summary.>> A summary of changes to the 
        assessment provided in the most recent quadrennial strategic 
        plan.
            ``(ii) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Comments and 
        recommendations the Director considers appropriate.
            ``(iii) Test and evaluation challenges raised since the 
        completion of the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
            ``(iv) Actions taken or planned to address such 
        challenges.''.

    (e) Technical Correction.--Subsection (d)(1) of such, as amended by 
subsections (a)(2) and (b), is further amended by striking ``Test 
Resources Management Center'' and inserting ``Test Resource Management 
Center''.
SEC. 273. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ENERGETICS PLAN 
                        TO INCLUDE ASSESSMENT OF FEASIBILITY AND 
                        ADVISABILITY OF ESTABLISHING A PROGRAM 
                        OFFICE FOR ENERGETICS.

    Section 253(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (133 Stat. 1287; Public Law 116-92) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and inserting 
        ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) assesses the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing a program office--
                    ``(A) to coordinate energetics research; and
                    ``(B) to ensure a robust and sustained energetics 
                material enterprise.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3504]]

SEC. 274. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON CYBER SCIENCE AND 
                        TECHNOLOGY ACTIVITIES ON WORK WITH 
                        ACADEMIC CONSORTIA ON HIGH PRIORITY 
                        CYBERSECURITY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

    Section 257(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1291) is amended by 
adding at end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(J) Efforts to work with academic consortia on 
                high priority cybersecurity research activities.''.
SEC. 275. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED 
                        FIGHTING VEHICLE PROGRAM.

    Section 261 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1294) is repealed.
SEC. 276. MICROELECTRONICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

    Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, in collaboration with the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
                the Under Secretary for Research and Engineering, and 
                the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency,'' after ``shall''; and
                    (B) by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and inserting 
                ``June 1, 2021'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraphs:
            ``(10) An approach to ensuring the continuing production of 
        cutting-edge microelectronics for national security needs, 
        including access to state-of-the-art node sizes through 
        commercial manufacturing, heterogeneous integration, advantaged 
        sensor manufacturing, boutique chip designs, and variable volume 
        production capabilities.
            ``(11) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of current 
        microelectronics supply chain management best practices, 
        including--
                    ``(A) intellectual property controls;
                    ``(B) international standards;
                    ``(C) guidelines of the National Institute of 
                Standards and Technology;
                    ``(D) product traceability and provenance; and
                    ``(E) location of design, manufacturing, and 
                packaging facilities.
            ``(12) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of existing 
        risks to the current microelectronics supply chain.
            ``(13) A description of actions that may be carried out by 
        the defense industrial base to implement best practices 
        described in paragraph (11) and mitigate risks described in 
        paragraph (12).
            ``(14) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A plan for increasing 
        commercialization of intellectual property developed by the 
        Department of Defense for commercial microelectronics research 
        and development.
            ``(15) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
        feasibility, usefulness, efficacy, and cost of--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3505]]

                    ``(A) developing a national laboratory exclusively 
                focused on the research and development of 
                microelectronics to serve as a center for Federal 
                Government expertise in high-performing, trusted 
                microelectronics and as a hub for Federal Government 
                research into breakthrough microelectronics-related 
                technologies; and
                    ``(B) incorporating into such national laboratory a 
                commercial incubator to provide early-stage 
                microelectronics startups, which face difficulties 
                scaling due to the high costs of microelectronics design 
                and fabrication, with access to funding resources, 
                fabrication facilities, design tools, and shared 
                intellectual property.
            ``(16) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  The development of multiple 
        models of public-private partnerships to execute the strategy, 
        including in-depth analysis of establishing a semiconductor 
        manufacturing corporation to leverage private sector technical, 
        managerial, and investment expertise, and private capital, that 
        would have the authority and funds to provide grants or approve 
        investment tax credits, or both, to implement the strategy.
            ``(17) <<NOTE: Criteria.>>  Processes and criteria for 
        competitive selection of commercial companies, including 
        companies headquartered in countries that are allies or partners 
        with the United States, to provide design, foundry and assembly, 
        and packaging services and to build and operate the industrial 
        capabilities associated with such services.
            ``(18) The role that other Federal agencies should play in 
        organizing and supporting the strategy, including any required 
        direct or indirect funding support, or legislative and 
        regulatory actions, including restricting procurement to 
        domestic sources, and providing antitrust and export control 
        relief.
            ``(19) All potential funding sources and mechanisms for 
        initial and sustaining investments in microelectronics.
            ``(20) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be relevant.'';
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``September 30, 2019'' 
        and inserting ``June 1, 2021'';
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``September 30, 2020'' 
        and inserting ``June 1, 2021''; and
            (5) by redeignating subsection (f) as subsection (g);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) <<NOTE: Deadline. Strategy. Recommenda- tions. Budget 
estimate.>>  Submission.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit the strategy required in subsection (a), along with 
any views and recommendations and an estimated budget to implement the 
strategy, to the President, the National Security Council, and the 
National Economic Council.''.
SEC. 277. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND 
                        DIAGNOSTIC TESTING EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Independent Evaluation Required.--The Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation shall conduct an independent evaluation of whether 
covered personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment is 
operationally effective and suitable to satisfy the specific needs and 
required protection of the workforce of the Department of Defense.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3506]]

    (b) Availability of Information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
provide the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation with such 
information as may be necessary for the Director to conduct the 
evaluations required under subsection (a).
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the completion 
of each evaluation under subsection (a), the Director of Operational 
Test and Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
a report on the results of the evaluation.
    (d) Covered Personal Protective and Diagnostic Testing Equipment 
Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered personal protective and 
diagnostic testing equipment'' means any personal protective equipment 
or diagnostic testing equipment developed, acquired, or used by the 
Department of Defense--
            (1) in response to COVID-19; or
            (2) as part of any follow-on, long-term acquisition and 
        distribution program for such equipment.
SEC. 278. ASSESSMENT ON UNITED STATES NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING 
                        BIOTECHNOLOGY EFFORTS AND CAPABILITIES AND 
                        COMPARISON WITH ADVERSARIES.

    (a) Assessment and Comparison Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
        the Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and Security, 
        shall conduct an assessment and direct comparison of 
        capabilities in emerging biotechnologies for national security 
        purposes, including applications in material, manufacturing, and 
        health, between the capabilities of the United States and the 
        capabilities of adversaries of the United States.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment and comparison carried out 
        under paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  An evaluation of the 
                quantity, quality, and progress of United States 
                fundamental and applied research for emerging 
                biotechnology initiatives for national security 
                purposes.
                    (B) An assessment of the resourcing of United States 
                efforts to harness emerging biotechnology capabilities 
                for national security purposes, including the supporting 
                facilities, test infrastructure, and workforce.
                    (C) An intelligence assessment of adversary emerging 
                biotechnology capabilities and research as well as an 
                assessment of adversary intent and willingness to use 
                emerging biotechnologies for national security purposes.
                    (D) An assessment of the analytic and operational 
                subject matter expertise necessary to assess rapidly-
                evolving foreign military developments in biotechnology, 
                and the current state of the workforce in the 
                intelligence community.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>> Recommendations to 
                improve and accelerate United States capabilities in 
                emerging biotechnologies and the associated intelligence 
                community expertise.
                    (F) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the assessment carried out under subsection (a).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3507]]

            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be 
        submitted in the following formats--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  unclassified 
                form, which may include a classified annex; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Public information.>>  publically 
                releasable form, representing appropriate information 
                from the report under subparagraph (A).

    (c) Definition of Intelligence Community.--In this section, the term 
``intelligence community'' has the meaning given such term in section 3 
of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3003).
SEC. 279. ANNUAL REPORTS REGARDING THE SBIR PROGRAM OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Reports Required.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 120 
days after the end of each fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Secretary of each 
military department, shall submit to Congress a report that describes 
the following:
            (1) The ways in which the Department of Defense is using 
        incentives under section 9(y)(6)(B) of the Small Business Act 
        (15 U.S.C. 638(y)(6)(B)) to increase the number of Phase II SBIR 
        contracts that lead to technology transition into programs of 
        record or fielded systems.
            (2) The extent to which the Department has developed 
        simplified and standardized procedures and model contracts 
        throughout the agency for Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III SBIR 
        awards, as required under section 9(hh)(2)(A)(i) of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(hh)(2)(A)(i)).
            (3) The extent to which any incentives described in this 
        section and implemented by the Secretary of Defense have 
        resulted in an increased number of Phase II contracts under the 
        SBIR program of the Department of Defense leading to technology 
        transition into programs of record or fielded systems.
            (4) The extent to which Phase I, Phase II, and Phase III 
        projects under the SBIR program of the Department align with the 
        modernization priorities of the Department.
            (5) Actions taken to ensure that the SBIR program of the 
        Department aligns with the goals of the program, namely--
                    (A) to stimulate technological innovation;
                    (B) to meet Federal research and development needs;
                    (C) to foster and encourage participation in 
                innovation and entrepreneurship by women and socially or 
                economically disadvantaged individuals; and
                    (D) to increase private-sector commercialization of 
                innovations derived from Federal research and 
                development funding.
            (6) Any other action taken, and proposed to be taken, to 
        increase the number of Department Phase II SBIR contracts 
        leading to technology transition into programs of record or 
        fielded systems.

    (b) SBIR Defined.--In this section, the term ``SBIR'' has the 
meaning given the term in section 9(e) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 638(e)).
SEC. 280. REPORTS ON F-35 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND MITIGATION 
                        EFFORTS.

    (a) Study and Report.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3508]]

            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct a study to determine 
        the underlying causes of physiological episodes affecting 
        crewmembers of F-35 aircraft.
            (2) <<NOTE: Examinations.>>  Elements.--The study under 
        subsection (a) shall include--
                    (A) an examination of each physiological episode 
                reported by a crewmember of an F-35 aircraft as of the 
                date of the enactment of this Act;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  a determination as to 
                the underlying cause of the episode; and
                    (C) an examination of--
                          (i) any long-term effects, including potential 
                      long-term effects, of the episode; and
                          (ii) any additional care an affected 
                      crewmember may need.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report that includes--
                    (A) the results the study conducted under subsection 
                (a), including a description of each physiological 
                episode examined under the study and an explanation of 
                the underlying cause of the episode;
                    (B) a description of any actions that may be taken 
                to address the underlying causes of such episodes, 
                including any resources that may be required to carry 
                out such actions; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  any other findings 
                and recommendations of the study.

    (b) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Annual Reports on Mitigation Efforts.--
The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall include with the annual 
report required by section 224(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2059), a 
detailed description of--
            (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to address 
        physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of F-35 aircraft; 
        and
            (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.
SEC. 281. REVIEW AND REPORT ON NEXT GENERATION AIR DOMINANCE 
                        CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Reviews.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
        Evaluation shall conduct--
                    (A) a non-advocate review of the next generation air 
                dominance initiative of the Air Force;
                    (B) a non-advocate review of the next generation air 
                dominance initiative of the Navy; and
                    (C) a non-advocate review of the business case 
                analysis developed by the Assistant Secretary of the Air 
                Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
                regarding the Digital Century Series Aircraft 
                acquisition strategy of the Air Force.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--(A) The reviews under 
        paragraphs (1)(A) and (1)(B) shall include an assessment of--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3509]]

                    (i) all risks associated with cost, schedule, 
                development, integration, production, fielding, and 
                sustainment of next generation air dominance 
                capabilities;
                    (ii) the technological maturity of significant 
                hardware and software efforts planned or carried out as 
                part of the development of such capabilities; and
                    (iii) affordability goals that the Air Force and the 
                Navy (as the case may be) will be required to achieve 
                during development, production, and sustainment 
                activities for such capabilities that will not 
                jeopardize or otherwise be detrimental to other high-
                priority future capabilities being developed and 
                procured to support and execute other primary core 
                competencies and missions.
            (B) The review under paragraph (1)(C) shall include an 
        assessment of--
                    (i) methods, objectives, risks, ground rules, and 
                assumptions;
                    (ii) validity, accuracy, and deficiencies in 
                knowledge and data used in support of the analysis;
                    (iii) financial and nonfinancial business benefits 
                and impacts;
                    (iv) likelihood of risks to materialize; and
                    (v) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  conclusions, 
                recommendations, and any other information the Director 
                believes to be relevant to the review.

    (b) Reports.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
        subsection (a)(1)(A) with respect to the Air Force;
            (2) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
        subsection (a)(1)(B) with respect to the Navy; and
            (3) a report on the results of the review conducted under 
        subsection (a)(1)(C).
SEC. 282. PLAN FOR OPERATIONAL TEST AND UTILITY EVALUATION OF 
                        SYSTEMS FOR LOW-COST ATTRIBUTABLE AIRCRAFT 
                        TECHNOLOGY PROGRAM.

     <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Not later than March 1, 2021, the Assistant 
Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees an 
        executable plan for the operational test and utility evaluation 
        of systems for the Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology 
        (LCAAT) program of the Air Force; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Briefing.>>  provide to the congressional 
        defense committees a briefing on the plan so submitted.
SEC. 283. INDEPENDENT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFORTS BY CHINA AND 
                        THE UNITED STATES TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN 
                        RESEARCHERS IN NATIONAL SECURITY-RELATED 
                        AND DEFENSE-RELATED FIELDS.

    (a) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into an agreement with the National Academies of Sciences, 
        Engineering, and Medicine for the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to perform the services 
        covered by this section.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3510]]

            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Timing.--The Secretary shall seek 
        to enter into the agreement described in paragraph (1) not later 
        than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) Review.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  In general.--Under an 
        agreement between the Secretary and the National Academies of 
        Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine under this section, the 
        National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall 
        carry out a comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
        United States Government to recruit and retain domestic and 
        foreign researchers and develop recommendations for the 
        Secretary of Defense and the heads of other Federal agencies as 
        appropriate.
            (2) Elements.--The comparative analysis carried out under 
        paragraph (1) and the recommendations developed under such 
        paragraph shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Lists.>>  A list of the ``talent 
                programs'' used by China and a list of the incentive 
                programs used by the United States to recruit and retain 
                researchers in fields relating to national security or 
                defense research.
                    (B) The types of researchers, scientists, other 
                technical experts, and fields targeted by each talent 
                program listed under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) The number of researchers in academia, the 
                Department of Defense Science and Technology Reinvention 
                Laboratories, and national security science and 
                engineering programs of the National Nuclear Security 
                Administration targeted by the talent programs listed 
                under subparagraph (A).
                    (D) The number of personnel currently participating 
                in the talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) and 
                the number of researchers currently participating in the 
                incentive programs listed under such subparagraph.
                    (E) The incentives offered by each of the talent 
                programs listed under subparagraph (A) and a description 
                of the incentives offered through incentive programs 
                under such subparagraph to recruit and retain 
                researchers, scientists, and other technical experts.
                    (F) A characterization of the national security, 
                economic, and scientific benefits China gains through 
                the talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) and a 
                description of similar gains accrued to the United 
                States through incentive programs listed under such 
                subparagraph.
                    (G) <<NOTE: Risk assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                risks to national security and benefits to the United 
                States of scientific research cooperation between the 
                United States and China, such as that which is performed 
                under the agreement between the United States and the 
                People's Republic of China known as the ``Agreement 
                between the Government of the United States of America 
                and the Government of the People's Republic of China on 
                Cooperation in Science and Technology'', signed in 
                Washington on January 31, 1979, successor agreements, 
                and similar agreements, administered by the Secretary of 
                State and the heads of other Federal agencies.
                    (H) <<NOTE: List. Recommenda- tions.>>  A list of 
                findings and recommendations relating to policies that 
                can be implemented by the United States,

[[Page 134 STAT. 3511]]

                especially the Department of Defense and other 
                appropriate Federal agencies, to improve the relative 
                effectiveness of United States activities to recruit and 
                retain researchers, scientists, and other technical 
                experts relative to China.

    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the execution of an agreement under subsection (a), the National 
        Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a 
                report on the findings National Academies of Sciences, 
                Engineering, and Medicine with respect to the review 
                carried out under this section and the recommendations 
                developed under this section; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  make 
                available to the public on a publicly accessible website 
                a version of report that is suitable for public viewing.
            (2) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--The report 
        submitted under paragraph (1)(A) shall be submitted in 
        unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for 
           review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
           where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
           projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
           resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
           installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
           of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
           flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
           Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and installations of 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
           energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
           Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
           Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy 
           for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
           roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
           levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
           wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
           agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
           in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
           foam.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3512]]

Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
           polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
           items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
           perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
           forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
           exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
           health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
           contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
           with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
           carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
           maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
           deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
           Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
           systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
           of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to implementing 
           changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
           enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
           munitions enterprise.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
           uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
           installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
           limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
           background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
           overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
           emergency response recommendations relating to active shooter 
           or terrorist attacks on installations of Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
           beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of Defense 
           that commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
           person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
           America.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3513]]

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE 
                        CLEARINGHOUSE FOR REVIEW OF MISSION 
                        OBSTRUCTIONS.

    Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``If the Clearinghouse'' and 
                inserting ``(A) If the Clearinghouse''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(B) After the Clearinghouse issues a notice under 
        subparagraph (A) with respect to an energy project, the parties 
        should seek to identify feasible and affordable actions that can 
        be taken by the Department, the developer of such energy 
        project, or others to mitigate any adverse impact on military 
        operations and readiness.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):

    ``(4) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  If, after issuing the notices of 
presumed risk required by paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of 
Defense later concludes for any reason that the energy project will not 
have an adverse impact on military readiness, the Clearinghouse shall 
notify the applicant and the governor in writing of that conclusion.''; 
and
            (4) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by striking ``Any 
        setback for a project pursuant to the previous sentence shall 
        not be more than what is determined to be necessary by a 
        technical analysis conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the 
        Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor 
        entity.''.
SEC. 312. READINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INTEGRATION 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Use of Funds.--Section 2684a(i) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Funds obligated to carry out an agreement under this section 
shall be available for use with regard to any property in the geographic 
scope specified in the agreement--
            ``(A) at the time the funds are obligated; and
            ``(B) in any subsequent modification to the agreement.''.

    (b) Clarification of References to Eligible Entities.--
            (1) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 2684a of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended, in the matter preceding 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``An agreement under this section may 
        be entered into with'' and inserting ``For purposes of this 
        section, an eligible entity is''.
            (2) Acquisition of property and interests.--Subsection 
        (d)(1) of such section is amended by striking ``the entity or 
        entities'' each place it appears and inserting ``an eligible 
        entity or entities''.
            (3) <<NOTE: Effective date. 10 USC 2684a note.>>  
        Retroactive application.--The amendments made by paragraphs (1) 
        and (2) shall apply to any agreement entered into under section 
        2684a of title 10, United States Code, on or after December 2, 
        2002.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3514]]

    (c) Facilitating Agreements With Other Federal Agencies to Limit 
Encroachments.--Section 2684a(d)(5) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the second sentence of subparagraph (A), by inserting 
        ``or another Federal agency'' after ``to a State'' both places 
        it appears; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if all or 
a portion of the property or interest acquired under the agreement is 
initially or subsequently transferred to a State or another Federal 
agency, before that State or other Federal agency may declare the 
property or interest in excess to its needs or propose to exchange the 
property or interest, the State or other Federal agency shall give the 
Secretary concerned reasonable advance notice of its 
intent. <<NOTE: Determination.>>  If the Secretary concerned determines 
it necessary to preserve the purposes of this section, the Secretary 
concerned may request that administrative jurisdiction over the property 
be transferred to the Secretary concerned at no cost, and, upon such a 
request being made, the administrative jurisdiction over the property 
shall be transferred accordingly. If the Secretary concerned does not 
make such a request within a reasonable time period, all such rights of 
the Secretary concerned to request transfer of the property or interest 
shall remain available to the Secretary concerned with respect to future 
transfers or exchanges of the property or interest and shall bind all 
subsequent transferees.''.
SEC. 313. EXTENSION OF REAL-TIME SOUND MONITORING AT NAVY 
                        INSTALLATIONS WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER 
                        AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    Section 325(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) <<NOTE: 133 Stat. 1310.>>  is 
amended by striking ``a 12-month period'' and inserting ``two 12-month 
periods, including one such period that begins in fiscal year 2021''.
SEC. 314. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION 
                        PROJECTS OF NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Section 2707(e) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting ``(1) 
        Notwithstanding'';
            (2) by inserting ``where military activities are conducted 
        by the National Guard of a State under title 32'' after 
        ``facility''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may use the authority under section 
2701(d) of this title to carry out environmental restoration projects 
under paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Correction of Definition of Facility.--Paragraph (1) of section 
2700 of such title is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) The terms'' and 
        inserting ``The term''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B).
SEC. 315. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATION RESILIENCE PROJECTS.

    (a) Modification of Authority.--Section 2815 of title 10, United 
States Code is amended--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3515]]

            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``(except as provided in 
        subsections (d)(3) and (e))'' before the period at the end;
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``A project'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided in subsection (e)(2), a 
        project'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (f); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsections:

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Location of Projects.--Projects 
carried out pursuant to this section may be carried out--
            ``(1) on a military installation;
            ``(2) <<NOTE: District of Columbia. Territories.>>  on a 
        facility used by the Department of Defense that is owned and 
        operated by a State, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth 
        of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the 
        Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands, even if the 
        facility is not under the jurisdiction of the Department of 
        Defense, if the Secretary of Defense determines that the 
        facility is subject to significant use by the armed forces for 
        testing or training; or
            ``(3) outside of a military installation or facility 
        described in paragraph (2) if the Secretary concerned determines 
        that the project would preserve or enhance the resilience of--
                    ``(A) a military installation;
                    ``(B) a facility described in paragraph (2); or
                    ``(C) community infrastructure determined by the 
                Secretary concerned to be necessary to maintain, 
                improve, or rapidly reestablish installation mission 
                assurance and mission-essential functions.

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Alternative Funding Source.--(1) In 
carrying out a project under this section, the Secretary concerned may 
use amounts available for operation and maintenance for the military 
department concerned if the Secretary concerned submits a notification 
to the congressional defense committees of the decision to carry out the 
project using such amounts and includes in the notification--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  the current estimate of the 
        cost of the project;
            ``(B) the source of funds for the project; and
            ``(C) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  a certification that 
        deferral of the project for inclusion in the next Military 
        Construction Authorization Act would be inconsistent with 
        national security or the protection of health, safety, or 
        environmental quality, as the case may be.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A project carried out under this 
section using amounts under paragraph (1) may be carried out only after 
the end of the 7-day period beginning on the date on which a copy of the 
notification described in paragraph (1) is provided in an electronic 
medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.

    ``(3) The maximum aggregate amount that the Secretary concerned may 
obligate from amounts available to the military department concerned for 
operation and maintenance in any fiscal year for projects under the 
authority of this subsection is $100,000,000.''.
    (b) Consideration of Military Installation Resilience in Agreements 
and Interagency Cooperation.--Section 2684a of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 
2684a.>>  is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                          (i) by striking clause (ii); and
                          (ii) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(i)''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and 
                                inserting a semicolon;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3516]]

                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) maintaining or improving military installation 
        resilience; or''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:

    ``(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation and Resilience 
Programs to Avoid or Reduce Adverse Impacts on Military Installation 
Resilience and Military Readiness Activities.--In order to facilitate 
interagency cooperation and enhance the effectiveness of actions that 
will protect the environment, military installation resilience, and 
military readiness, the recipient of funds provided pursuant to an 
agreement under this section or under the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 670 et 
seq.) may, with regard to the lands and waters within the scope of the 
agreement, use such funds to satisfy any matching funds or cost-sharing 
requirement of any conservation or resilience program of any Federal 
agency notwithstanding any limitation of such program on the source of 
matching or cost-sharing funds.''.
SEC. 316. ENERGY RESILIENCE AND ENERGY SECURITY MEASURES ON 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 173 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2919 the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2920. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2920.>>  Energy resilience and energy 
                  security measures on military installations

    ``(a) Energy Resilience Measures.--(1) The Secretary of Defense 
shall, by the end of fiscal year 2030, provide that 100 percent of the 
energy load required to maintain the critical missions of each 
installation have a minimum level of availability of 99.9 percent per 
fiscal year.
    ``(2) <<NOTE: Standards.>>  The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
standards establishing levels of availability relative to specific 
critical missions, with such standards providing a range of not less 
than 99.9 percent availability per fiscal year and not more than 99.9999 
percent availability per fiscal year, depending on the criticality of 
the mission.

    ``(3) The Secretary may establish interim goals to take effect prior 
to fiscal year 2025 to ensure the requirements under this subsection are 
met.
    ``(4) The Secretary of each military department and the head of each 
Defense Agency shall ensure that their organizations meet the 
requirements of this subsection.
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Requirement.>>  Planning.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall require the Secretary of each military department and the 
head of each Defense Agency to plan for the provision of energy 
resilience and energy security for installations.

    ``(2) Planning under paragraph (1) shall--
            ``(A) promote the use of multiple and diverse sources of 
        energy, with an emphasis favoring energy resources originating 
        on the installation such as modular generation;
            ``(B) promote installing microgrids to ensure the energy 
        security and energy resilience of critical missions; and
            ``(C) favor the use of full-time, installed energy sources 
        rather than emergency generation.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3517]]

    ``(c) Development of Information.--The planning required by 
subsection (b) shall identify each of the following for each 
installation:
            ``(1) The critical missions of the installation.
            ``(2) The energy requirements of those critical missions.
            ``(3) The duration that those energy requirements are likely 
        to be needed in the event of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(4) The current source of energy provided to those 
        critical missions.
            ``(5) The duration that the currently provided energy would 
        likely be available in the event of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(6) Any currently available sources of energy that would 
        provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the event 
        of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(7) Alternative sources of energy that could be developed 
        to provide uninterrupted energy to critical missions in the 
        event of a disruption or emergency.

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Requirements. Data. Compliance.>>  Testing and 
Measuring.--(1)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall require the Secretary 
of each military department and head of each Defense Agency to conduct 
monitoring, measuring, and testing to provide the data necessary to 
comply with this section.

    ``(B) Any data provided under subparagraph (A) shall be made 
available to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment upon 
request.
    ``(2)(A) <<NOTE: Assessments. Evaluations.>>  The Secretary of 
Defense shall require that black start exercises be conducted to assess 
the energy resilience and energy security of installations for periods 
established to evaluate the ability of the installation to perform 
critical missions without access to off-installation energy resources.

    ``(B) A black start exercise conducted under subparagraph (A) may 
exclude, if technically feasible, housing areas, commissaries, 
exchanges, and morale, welfare, and recreation facilities.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(i) provide uniform policy for the military departments 
        and the Defense Agencies with respect to conducting black start 
        exercises; and
            ``(ii) establish a schedule of black start exercises for the 
        military departments and the Defense Agencies, with each 
        military department and Defense Agency scheduled to conduct such 
        an exercise on a number of installations each year sufficient to 
        allow that military department or Defense Agency to meet the 
        goals of this section, but in any event not fewer than five 
        installations each year for each military department through 
        fiscal year 2027.

    ``(D)(i) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Except as provided in clause (ii), 
the Secretary of each military department shall, notwithstanding any 
other provision of law, conduct black start exercises in accordance with 
the schedule provided for in subparagraph (C)(ii), with any such 
exercise not to last longer than five days.

    ``(ii) The Secretary of a military department may conduct more black 
start exercises than those identified in the schedule provided for in 
subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(e) Contract Requirements.--For contracts for energy and utility 
services, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Verification. Compliance.>>  specify methods 
        and processes to measure, manage, and verify compliance with 
        subsection (a); and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3518]]

            ``(2) ensure that such contracts include requirements 
        appropriate to ensure energy resilience and energy security, 
        including requirements for metering to measure, manage, and 
        verify energy consumption, availability, and reliability 
        consistent with this section and the energy resilience metrics 
        and standards under section 2911(b) of this title.

    ``(f) Exception.--This section does not apply to fuels used in 
aircraft, vessels, or motor vehicles.
    ``(g) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Report.--If by the end of fiscal 
year 2029, the Secretary determines that the Department will be unable 
to meet the requirements under subsection (a), not later than 90 days 
after the end of such fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report detailing--
            ``(1) the projected shortfall;
            ``(2) reasons for the projected shortfall;
            ``(3) any statutory, technological, or monetary impediments 
        to achieving such requirements;
            ``(4) any impact to readiness or ability to meet the 
        national defense posture; and
            ``(5) any other relevant information as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `availability' means the availability of 
        required energy at a stated instant of time or over a stated 
        period of time for a specific purpose.
            ``(2) The term `black start exercise' means an exercise in 
        which delivery of energy provided from off an installation is 
        terminated before backup generation assets on the installation 
        are turned on. Such an exercise shall--
                    ``(A) determine the ability of the backup systems to 
                start independently, transfer the load, and carry the 
                load until energy from off the installation is restored;
                    ``(B) align organizations with critical missions to 
                coordinate in meeting critical mission requirements;
                    ``(C) validate mission operation plans, such as 
                continuity of operations plans;
                    ``(D) identify infrastructure interdependencies; and
                    ``(E) verify backup electric power system 
                performance.
            ``(3) The term `critical mission'--
                    ``(A) means those aspects of the missions of an 
                installation, including mission essential operations, 
                that are critical to successful performance of the 
                strategic national defense mission;
                    ``(B) may include operational headquarters 
                facilities, airfields and supporting infrastructure, 
                harbor facilities supporting naval vessels, munitions 
                production and storage facilities, missile fields, 
                radars, satellite control facilities, cyber operations 
                facilities, space launch facilities, operational 
                communications facilities, and biological defense 
                facilities; and
                    ``(C) does not include military housing (including 
                privatized military housing), morale, welfare, and 
                recreation facilities, exchanges, commissaries, or 
                privately owned facilities.
            ``(4) The term `energy' means electricity, natural gas, 
        steam, chilled water, and heated water.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3519]]

            ``(5) The term `installation' has the meaning given the term 
        `military installation' in section 2801(c)(4) of this title.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
subchapter I of chapter 173 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2911 prec.>>  
is amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2919 the 
following new item:

``2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
           installations.''.

SEC. 317. MODIFICATION TO AVAILABILITY OF ENERGY COST SAVINGS FOR 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 2912(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``and, in the case of operational energy, from both training 
and operational missions,'' after ``under section 2913 of this title,''.
SEC. 318. INCREASED TRANSPARENCY THROUGH REPORTING ON USAGE AND 
                        SPILLS OF AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2712. <<NOTE: Deadlines. 10 USC 2712.>>  Reporting on usage 
                  and spills of aqueous film-forming foam

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Notice.>>  In General.--Not later than 48 hours after 
the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment receives 
notice of the usage or spill of aqueous film forming foam, either as 
concentrate or mixed foam, at any military installation, the Deputy 
Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives notice of a usage or spill 
of greater than 10 gallons of concentrate, or greater than 300 gallons 
of mixed foam. Each such notice shall include each of the following 
information:
            ``(1) The name of the installation where the usage or spill 
        occurred.
            ``(2) The date on which the usage or spill occurred.
            ``(3) The amount, type, and specified concentration of 
        aqueous film-forming foam that was used or spilled.
            ``(4) The cause of the usage or spill.
            ``(5) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary narrative of the usage 
        or spill.

    ``(b) Action Plan.--Not later than 60 days after submitting notice 
of a usage or spill under subsection (a), the Deputy Assistant Secretary 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives an action plan for addressing such usage or 
spill. The action plan shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of what actions have been taken to 
        arrest and clean up a spill.
            ``(2) A description of any coordination with relevant local 
        and State environmental protection agencies.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2700 prec.>>  is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3520]]

SEC. 319. NATIVE AMERICAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 318(a), is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new section:
``Sec. 2713. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2713.>>  Native American lands 
                  environmental mitigation program

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish and 
carry out a program to mitigate the environmental effects of actions by 
the Department of Defense on Indian lands and on other locations where 
the Department, an Indian tribe, and the current land owner agree that 
such mitigation is appropriate.
    ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be carried out 
under the program established under subsection (a) are the following:
            ``(1) Identification, investigation, and documentation of 
        suspected environmental effects attributable to past actions by 
        the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Cost estimates.>>  Development of mitigation 
        options for such environmental effects, including development of 
        cost-to-complete estimates and a system for prioritizing 
        mitigation actions.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Direct mitigation actions 
        that the Secretary determines are necessary and appropriate to 
        mitigate the adverse environmental effects of past actions by 
        the Department.
            ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings and 
        structures used by, under the jurisdiction of, or formerly used 
        by or under the jurisdiction of the Department.
            ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and administrative 
        support to facilitate the meaningful participation of Indian 
        tribes in mitigation actions under the program.
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Development and execution of 
        a policy governing consultation with Indian tribes that have 
        been or may be affected by action by the Department, including 
        training personnel of the Department to ensure compliance with 
        the policy.

    ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the program 
established under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense may enter 
into a cooperative agreement with an Indian tribe or an instrumentality 
of tribal government.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
agreement under this section may be used to acquire property or services 
for the direct benefit of the United States Government.
    ``(3) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A cooperative agreement under this 
section for the procurement of severable services may begin in one 
fiscal year and end in another fiscal year only if the total period of 
performance does not exceed two calendar years.

    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
                    ``(A) any land located within the boundaries and a 
                part of an Indian reservation, pueblo, or rancheria;
                    ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an 
                individual Indian but has not been conveyed to such 
                Indian with full power of alienation;
                    ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional corporation 
                lands; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3521]]

                    ``(D) lands and waters upon which any federally 
                recognized Indian tribe has rights reserved by treaty, 
                Act of Congress, or action by the President.
            ``(2) The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian tribe, band, 
        nation, or other organized group or community, including any 
        Alaska Native village or regional or village corporation as 
        defined in or established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims 
        Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), which is recognized as 
        eligible for the special programs and services provided by the 
        United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.

    ``(e) Limitation.--Nothing in this section shall be interpreted to 
require, compel, or otherwise authorize access to any lands without the 
landowner's consent.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 160 of such title, as amended by section <<NOTE: 10 USC 2700 
prec.>>  318(b), is further amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 2712 the following new item:

``2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.

SEC. 320. STUDY ON ALTERNATIVES TO ADDRESS IMPACTS OF 
                        TRANSBOUNDARY FLOWS, SPILLS, OR DISCHARGES 
                        OF POLLUTION OR DEBRIS FROM THE TIJUANA 
                        RIVER ON PERSONNEL, ACTIVITIES, AND 
                        INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Coordination. Criteria.>>  Study.--Not later 
than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense, in coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, the Secretary of State, and the United States 
Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water Commission, shall 
develop criteria for the selection of project alternatives to address 
the impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or discharges of pollution 
or debris from the Tijuana River on the personnel, activities, and 
installations of the Department of Defense.

    (b) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Elements.--The projects referred 
to in subsection (b) shall address the short-term, long-term, primary, 
and secondary impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or discharges of 
pollution or debris from the Tijuana River and include recommendations 
to mitigate such impacts.
SEC. 321. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2922 note prec.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON 
                        ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE PURCHASING.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense, 
in coordination with the Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of 
the General Services Administration, shall carry out a pilot program 
under which the Secretary of Defense may, notwithstanding section 400AA 
of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6374), purchase new 
alternative fuel vehicles for which the initial cost of such vehicles 
exceeds the initial cost of a comparable gasoline or diesel fueled 
vehicle by not more than 10 percent.

    (b) Locations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        the pilot program under subsection (a) at not fewer than 2 
        facilities or installations of each military department in the 
        continental United States that--
                    (A) have the largest total number of attached 
                noncombat vehicles as compared to other facilities or 
                installations of the Department of Defense; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3522]]

                    (B) are located within 20 miles of public or private 
                refueling or recharging stations.
            (2) Air force logistics center.--One of the facilities or 
        installations selected under paragraph (1) shall be an Air Force 
        Logistics Center.

    (c) Alternative Fuel Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the term 
``alternative fuel vehicle'' includes a vehicle that uses--
            (1) a fuel or power source described in the first sentence 
        of section 241(2)of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7581(2)); or
            (2) propane.
SEC. 322. <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 note.>>  BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE RELATING TO OPERATIONAL ENERGY 
                        IMPROVEMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
States Code, a dedicated budget line item for fielding operational 
energy improvements, including such improvements for which funds from 
the Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund have been expended to 
create the operational and business case for broader employment.
SEC. 323. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OPERATIONAL ENERGY 
                        USAGE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Contracts.>>  In General.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally funded research 
and development center with relevant expertise under which such center 
shall conduct an assessment of Department of Defense operational energy 
usage, including an agency-wide view and breakdowns of progress by 
service branch.

    (b) <<NOTE: Analyses.>>  Elements.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
        Defense developed an integrated operational energy strategy and 
        the extent to which each of the military departments has 
        implemented such strategy;
            (2) an analysis of the viability of implementing net zero 
        initiatives within the operational energy enterprise without 
        negatively impacting mission capability;
            (3) an analysis of ways to overcome contested logistics 
        challenges such as the tyranny of distance within the United 
        States Indo-Pacific Command, including--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Strategies.>>  strategies to improve the 
                energy production, storage, and distribution system that 
                enhance logistics supply chain resiliency; and
                    (B) ways to reduce the demand for resupply to 
                decrease the strain on the logistics supply chain; and
            (4) an analysis of the integration between energy offices 
        with program offices, budget, and operational planners within 
        the Department of Defense and military departments, and 
        recommendations for improving coordination.

    (c) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form of Report.--The report 
required under this section shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
may contain a classified annex.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3523]]

SEC. 324. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2911 note.>>  IMPROVEMENT OF THE 
                        OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT 
                        FUND OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Management of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
Fund.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
Environment shall exercise authority, direction, and control over the 
Operational Energy Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of 
Defense (in this section referred to as the ``OECIF'').
    (b) Alignment and Coordination With Related Programs.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Realignment of oecif.--Not later 
        than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall realign the OECIF under the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment, 
        with such realignment to include personnel positions adequate 
        for the mission of the OECIF.
            (2) Better coordination with related programs.--The 
        Assistant Secretary shall ensure that the placement under the 
        authority of the Assistant Secretary of the OECIF along with the 
        Strategic Environmental Research Program, the Environmental 
        Security Technology Certification Program, and the Operational 
        Energy Prototyping Program is utilized to advance common goals 
        of the Department, promote organizational synergies, and avoid 
        unnecessary duplication of effort.

    (c) Program for Operational Energy Prototyping.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Commencing not later 
        than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense, through the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
        for Energy, Installations, and Environment, shall carry out a 
        program for the demonstration of technologies related to 
        operational energy prototyping, including demonstration of 
        operational energy technology and validation prototyping.
            (2) Operation of program.--The Secretary shall ensure that 
        the program under paragraph (1) operates in conjunction with the 
        OECIF to promote the transfer of innovative technologies that 
        have successfully established proof of concept for use in 
        production or in the field.
            (3) Program elements.--In carrying out the program under 
        paragraph (1) the Secretary shall--
                    (A) identify and demonstrate the most promising, 
                innovative, and cost-effective technologies and methods 
                that address high-priority operational energy 
                requirements of the Department of Defense;
                    (B) in conducting demonstrations under subparagraph 
                (A)--
                          (i) collect cost and performance data to 
                      overcome barriers against employing an innovative 
                      technology because of concerns regarding technical 
                      or programmatic risk; and
                          (ii) ensure that components of the Department 
                      have time to establish new requirements where 
                      necessary and plan, program, and budget for 
                      technology transition to programs of record;
                    (C) utilize project structures similar to those of 
                the OECIF to ensure transparency and accountability 
                throughout the efforts conducted under the program; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3524]]

                    (D) give priority, in conjunction with the OECIF, to 
                the development and fielding of clean technologies that 
                reduce reliance on fossil fuels.
            (4) Tool for accountability and transition.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the program under 
                paragraph (1) the Secretary shall develop and utilize a 
                tool to track relevant investments in operational energy 
                from applied research to transition to use to ensure 
                user organizations have the full picture of technology 
                maturation and development.
                    (B) Transition.--The tool developed and utilized 
                under subparagraph (A) shall be designed to overcome 
                transition challenges with rigorous and well-documented 
                demonstrations that provide the information needed by 
                all stakeholders for acceptance of the technology.
            (5) Locations.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  In general.--The 
                Secretary shall carry out the testing and evaluation 
                phase of the program under paragraph (1) at 
                installations of the Department of Defense or in 
                conjunction with exercises conducted by the Joint Staff, 
                a combatant command, or a military department.
                    (B) Formal demonstrations.--The Secretary shall 
                carry out any formal demonstrations under the program 
                under paragraph (1) at installations of the Department 
                or in operational settings to document and validate 
                improved warfighting performance and cost savings.
SEC. 325. FIVE-YEAR REVIEWS OF CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES RELATING 
                        TO RED HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Reviews.--
            (1) Reviews required.--At least once every 5 years, 
        concurrently with the Department of the Navy's Tank Upgrade 
        Alternative (TUA) decision review, the Secretary of the Navy 
        shall conduct a review of available technologies relating to the 
        containment of fuel to determine whether any such technology may 
        be used to improve the containment of fuel with respect to 
        storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility, Hawaii.
            (2) Deadline for initial review.--The Secretary shall 
        conduct the first review under paragraph (1) concurrent with the 
        first TUA decision review conducted after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefings.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date on which a review conducted under subsection (a) is completed, 
the Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on--
            (1) any technology identified in such review that the 
        Secretary determines may be used to improve the containment of 
        fuel with respect to storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk 
        Fuel Storage Facility; and
            (2) the feasibility and cost of implementing any such 
        technology at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.

    (c) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Termination.--The requirements to 
conduct reviews under subsection (a) and provide briefings under 
subsection (b) shall terminate on the date on which the Red Hill Bulk 
Fuel Storage Facility ceases operation, as determined by the Secretary 
of the Navy.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3525]]

SEC. 326. <<NOTE: Contracts. Certification. Russia.>>  LIMITATION 
                        ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ACQUISITION OF 
                        FURNISHED ENERGY FOR RHINE ORDNANCE 
                        BARRACKS ARMY MEDICAL CENTER.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Department of 
Defense may be used to enter into a contract for the acquisition of 
furnished energy for the new Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center 
(hereafter referred to as the ``Medical Center'') before the date on 
which Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a written certification that the Medical Center does not use 
any energy sourced from inside the Russian Federation as a means of 
generating the furnished energy.
SEC. 327. REQUIREMENT TO UPDATE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ADAPTATION 
                        ROADMAP.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In General.--Not later than February 1, 
2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an update to the 
Department of Defense 2014 Adaptation 
Roadmap. <<NOTE: Strategy. Implementation plan.>>  Such update shall 
include an outline of the strategy and implementation plan of the 
Department to address the current and foreseeable effects of extreme 
weather and sea level fluctuations on the mission of the Department of 
Defense.

    (b) Elements of Strategy and Implementation Plan.--The strategy and 
implementation plan required to be included in the update under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) a description of the overarching approach of the 
        Department to extreme weather, sea level fluctuations, and 
        associated mitigation measures; and
            (2) a discussion of the current and foreseeable effects of 
        extreme weather and seal level fluctuations on--
                    (A) plans and operations, including--
                          (i) military readiness;
                          (ii) increased frequency, if any, of extreme 
                      weather events, including flooding, drought, 
                      desertification, wildfires, thawing permafrost, 
                      hurricanes, and extreme heat;
                          (iii) geopolitical instability, if any, caused 
                      by climate events, including extreme weather;
                          (iv) increased demand, if any for Defense 
                      Support for Civil Authorities and disaster or 
                      humanitarian relief operations;
                          (v) the operating environment of the Arctic 
                      and of the strategic and geopolitical implications 
                      of an ice-free Arctic Ocean; and
                          (vi) alteration or limitation on operation 
                      environments;
                    (B) training and testing, including--
                          (i) changes in land carrying capacity;
                          (ii) increased maintenance and repair 
                      requirements for equipment and infrastructure;
                          (iii) mitigation of heat stress and heat-
                      related illnesses resulting from increasing 
                      temperatures;
                          (iv) increased dust generation and fire 
                      hazards; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3526]]

                          (v) maintaining testing and training capacity 
                      to support increased operations and civil support 
                      missions;
                    (C) built and natural infrastructure, including--
                          (i) military installation resilience, as such 
                      term is defined in section 101(e)(8) of title 10, 
                      United States Code, of installations both within 
                      and outside the United States and its possessions 
                      and territories and of the State-owned National 
                      Guard installations of the several States;
                          (ii) resilience of the air and sea ports of 
                      our allies and partners that are critical to the 
                      training, deployment, and operations of the Armed 
                      Forces of the United States and its allies and 
                      partners;
                          (iii) resilience of the deployment system and 
                      structure of the Department of Defense and of the 
                      United States, including the strategic highway 
                      network, the strategic rail network, and 
                      designated strategic air and sea ports;
                          (iv) best practices for modeling and 
                      mitigating risks posed to military installations 
                      by increased inundation, erosion, flood, wind, and 
                      fire damage;
                          (v) changing energy demand at military 
                      installations to include heating and cooling, 
                      particularly in communities experiencing grid 
                      stress;
                          (vi) disruption and competition for reliable 
                      energy and water resources;
                          (vii) increased maintenance and sustainment 
                      costs;
                          (viii) damage to natural and constructed 
                      infrastructure from thawing permafrost and sea 
                      ice; and
                          (ix) the effects of extreme weather and sea 
                      level fluctuations on community support 
                      infrastructure, including roads, transportation 
                      hubs, and medical facilities;
                    (D) acquisition and supply chain, including--
                          (i) measures to ensure that the current and 
                      projected future scale and impacts of extreme 
                      weather and sea level fluctuations are fully 
                      considered in the research, development, testing, 
                      and acquisition of major weapon systems and of 
                      associated supplies and equipment;
                          (ii) required alterations of stockpiles;
                          (iii) reduced or changed availability and 
                      access to materials, equipment, and supplies, 
                      including water and food sources;
                          (iv) disruptions in fuel availability and 
                      distribution;
                          (v) estimated investments required to address 
                      foreseeable costs incurred or influenced by 
                      extreme weather and sea level fluctuations for 
                      each of the lines of effort in this report, to 
                      include extreme weather response, over the next 5, 
                      10, and 20 years, with topline estimates and a 
                      qualitative discussion of cost drivers for each; 
                      and
                          (vi) equipment and infrastructure investments 
                      required to address a changing Arctic environment; 
                      and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3527]]

                    (E) such other matters as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate; and

    (c) Assessments and Projections.--In preparing the update as 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall consider--
            (1) climate projections from the Global Change Research 
        Office, National Climate Assessment, the National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration, and other Federal agencies; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Data. Analysis.>>  data on, and analysis of, the 
        national security effects of climate prepared by the Climate 
        Security Advisory Council of the Office of the Director of 
        National Intelligence established pursuant to section 120 of the 
        National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3060) and by other 
        elements of the intelligence community.

    (d) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--The update to the 
adaptation roadmap required under subsection (a) shall be submitted in 
an unclassified form, but may contain a classified 
annex. <<NOTE: Determination. Briefing. Deadline.>>  If the Secretary 
determines that the inclusion of a classified annex is necessary, the 
Secretary shall conduct an in-person briefing for Members of the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
by not later than 90 days after the date of the submission of the 
update.
SEC. 328. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORT ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS 
                        LEVELS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In General.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives and to the Comptroller General a report on the total 
level of greenhouse gas emissions for each of the last 10 fiscal years. 
Such emissions levels shall include the agency-wide total, breakdowns by 
military department, and delineations between installation and 
operational emissions.

    (b) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form of Report.--The report 
required under this section shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
may contain a classified annex.
SEC. 329. <<NOTE: 16 USC 1536 note.>>  OBJECTIVES, PERFORMANCE 
                        STANDARDS, AND CRITERIA FOR USE OF 
                        WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BANKING PROGRAMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  In General.--To ensure opportunities for 
Department of Defense participation in wildlife conservation banking 
programs pursuant to section 2694c of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service, shall issue regulations of general 
applicability establishing objectives, measurable performance standards, 
and criteria for use, consistent with the Endangered Species Act (16 
U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), for mitigation banking offsetting effects on a 
species, or habitat of such species, that is endangered, threatened, a 
candidate for listing, or otherwise at risk under such Act. To the 
maximum extent practicable, the regulatory standards and criteria shall 
maximize available credits and opportunities for mitigation, provide 
flexibility for characteristics of various species, and apply equivalent 
standards and criteria to all mitigation banks.

    (b) <<NOTE: Publication. Notice.>>  Deadline for Regulations.--The 
Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the United 
States Fish and Wildlife Service, shall publish an advance notice of 
proposed rulemaking for the regulations required by subsection (a) by 
not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3528]]

SEC. 330. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note prec.>>  PRIZES FOR DEVELOPMENT 
                        OF NON-PFAS-CONTAINING FIRE-FIGHTING 
                        AGENT.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment and the Strategic 
Environmental Research and Development Program, may carry out a program 
to award cash prizes and other types of prizes that the Secretary 
determines are appropriate to recognize outstanding achievements in the 
development of a non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting agent to replace 
aqueous film-forming foam with the potential for application to the 
performance of the military missions of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Competition Requirements.--A program under subsection (a) shall 
use a competitive process for the selection of recipients of cash 
prizes. The process shall include the widely-advertised solicitation of 
submissions of research results, technology developments, and 
prototypes.
    (c) <<NOTE: Applicability. Approval.>>  Limitations.--The following 
limitations shall apply to a program under subsection (a):
            (1) No prize competition may result in the award of a prize 
        with a fair market value of more than $5,000,000.
            (2) No prize competition may result in the award of more 
        than $1,000,000 in cash prizes without the approval of the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
            (3) No prize competition may result in the award of a solely 
        nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of more than $10,000 
        without the approval of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Sustainment.

    (d) Relationship to Other Authority.--A program under subsection (a) 
may be carried out in conjunction with or in addition to the exercise of 
any other authority of the Department of Defense.
    (e) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under this 
section shall be considered the use of competitive procedures for the 
purposes of section 2304 of title 10, United States Code.
    (f) PFAS Defined.--In this section, the term ``PFAS'' means--
            (1) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon atoms are 
        fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
            (2) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully fluorinated 
        carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon atoms, and 
        nonfluorinated carbon atoms.

    (g) Termination.--The authority to carry out a program under this 
section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.
SEC. 331. SURVEY OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        APPLICATION IN PHASING OUT THE USE OF 
                        FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM.

    (a) Survey of Technologies.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
a survey of relevant technologies, other than fire-fighting agent 
solutions, to determine whether any such technologies are available and 
can be adapted for use by the Department of Defense to facilitate the 
phase-out of fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam. The technologies 
surveyed under this subsection shall include hangar flooring systems, 
fire-fighting agent delivery systems, containment systems, and other 
relevant technologies the Secretary determines appropriate.
    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide the 
congressional defense

[[Page 134 STAT. 3529]]

committees a briefing on the results of the survey conducted under 
subsection (a). The briefing shall include--
            (1) a description of the technologies included in the 
        survey;
            (2) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of the technologies that were 
        considered for further testing or analysis; and
            (3) any technologies that are undergoing additional analysis 
        for possible application within the Department.
SEC. 332. <<NOTE: 15 USC 8963.>>  INTERAGENCY BODY ON RESEARCH 
                        RELATED TO PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                        SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and Technology 
Council, shall establish, or designate, an interagency working group to 
coordinate Federal activities related to PFAS research and development.
    (b) Agency Participation.--The interagency working group shall 
include a representative of each of--
            (1) the Environmental Protection Agency;
            (2) the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences;
            (3) the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry;
            (4) the National Science Foundation;
            (5) the Department of Defense;
            (6) the National Institutes of Health;
            (7) the National Institute of Standards and Technology;
            (8) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration;
            (9) the Department of the Interior;
            (10) the Department of Transportation;
            (11) the Department of Homeland Security;
            (12) the National Aeronautics and Space Administration;
            (13) the National Toxicology Program;
            (14) the Department of Agriculture;
            (15) the Geological Survey;
            (16) the Department of Commerce;
            (17) the Department of Energy;
            (18) the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs;
            (19) the Office of Management and Budget; and
            (20) any such other Federal department or agency as the 
        Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy 
        considers appropriate.

    (c) Co-chairs.--The Interagency working group shall be co-chaired by 
the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and, on a 
biannual rotating basis, a representative from a member agency, as 
selected by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
    (d) Responsibilities of the Working Group.--The interagency working 
group established under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) provide for interagency coordination of federally funded 
        PFAS research and development; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Public information. Strategic 
        plan. Update. Time period.>>  not later than 12 months after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, develop and make publicly 
        available a strategic plan for Federal support for PFAS research 
        and development (to be updated not less frequently than once 
        every three years) that--
                    (A) identifies all current federally funded PFAS 
                research and development, including the nature and scope 
                of such research and development and the amount of

[[Page 134 STAT. 3530]]

                funding associated with such research and development 
                during the current fiscal year, disaggregated by agency;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  identifies all federally 
                funded PFAS research and development having taken place 
                in the last three years, excluding the research listed 
                under subparagraph (A), including the nature and scope 
                of such research and development and the amount of 
                funding associated with such research and development 
                during the current fiscal year, disaggregated by agency;
                    (C) identifies scientific and technological 
                challenges that must be addressed to understand and to 
                significantly reduce the environmental and human health 
                impacts of PFAS and to identify cost-effective--
                          (i) alternatives to PFAS that are designed to 
                      be safer and more environmentally friendly;
                          (ii) methods for removal of PFAS from the 
                      environment; and
                          (iii) methods to safely destroy or degrade 
                      PFAS;
                    (D) establishes goals, priorities, and metrics for 
                federally funded PFAS research and development that 
                takes into account the current state of research and 
                development identified in subparagraph (A) and the 
                challenges identified in subparagraph (C); and
                    (E) <<NOTE: Implementation plan.>>  an 
                implementation plan for Federal agencies and, for each 
                update to the strategic plan under this paragraph, a 
                description of how Federal agencies have been following 
                the implementation plan.

    (e) Consultation.--In developing the strategic plan under subsection 
(d)(2), the interagency working group shall consult with States, tribes, 
territories, local governments, appropriate industries, academic 
institutions and nongovernmental organizations with expertise in PFAS 
research and development, treatment, management, and alternative 
development.
    (f) Sunset.--The strategic plan requirement described under section 
(d)(2) shall cease on the date that is 20 years after the initial 
strategic plan is developed.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means--
                    (A) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon 
                atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
                    (B) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully 
                fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon 
                atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
            (2) PFAS research and development defined.--The term ``PFAS 
        research and development'' includes any research or project that 
        has the goal of accomplishing the following:
                    (A) The removal of PFAS from the environment.
                    (B) The safe destruction or degradation of PFAS.
                    (C) The development and deployment of safer and more 
                environmentally friendly alternative substances that are 
                functionally similar to those made with PFAS.
                    (D) The understanding of sources of environmental 
                PFAS contamination and pathways to exposure for the 
                public.
                    (E) The understanding of the toxicity of PFAS to 
                humans and animals.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3531]]

SEC. 333. <<NOTE: 10 USC 3062 note.>>  RESTRICTION ON DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN ITEMS 
                        CONTAINING PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE OR 
                        PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not procure any 
covered item that contains perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) or 
perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``covered item'' means--
            (1) nonstick cookware or cooking utensils for use in galleys 
        or dining facilities; and
            (2) upholstered furniture, carpets, and rugs that have been 
        treated with stain-resistant coatings.

    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on April 1, 
2023.
SEC. 334. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note prec.>>  RESEARCH AND 
                        DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TO AQUEOUS 
                        FILM-FORMING FOAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation. Grants.>>  In General.--The Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the National Institute of Standards and 
Technology and in consultation with appropriate stakeholders and 
manufactures, research institutions, and other Federal agencies shall 
award grants and carry out other activities to--
            (1) promote and advance the research and development of 
        additional alternatives to aqueous film-forming foam (in this 
        section referred to as ``AFFF'') containing per- and 
        polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this section referred to as 
        ``PFAS'') to facilitate the development of a military 
        specification and subsequent fielding of a PFAS-free fire-
        fighting foam;
            (2) advance the use of green and sustainable chemistry for a 
        fluorine-free alternative to AFFF;
            (3) increase opportunities for sharing best practices within 
        the research and development sector with respect to AFFF;
            (4) assist in the testing of potential alternatives to AFFF; 
        and
            (5) <<NOTE: Guidelines.>>  provide guidelines on priorities 
        with respect to an alternative to AFFF.

    (b) Additional Requirements.--In carrying out the program required 
under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) take into consideration the different uses of AFFF and 
        the priorities of the Department of Defense in finding an 
        alternative;
            (2) prioritize green and sustainable chemicals that do not 
        pose a threat to public health or the environment; and
            (3) use and leverage research from existing Department of 
        Defense programs.

    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a report on--
            (1) the priorities and actions taken with respect to finding 
        an alternative to AFFF and the implementation of such 
        priorities; and
            (2) any alternatives the Secretary has denied, and the 
        reason for any such denial.

    (d) Use of Funds.--This section shall be carried out using amounts 
authorized to be available for the Strategic Environmental Research and 
Development Program.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3532]]

SEC. 335. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2701 note.>>  NOTIFICATION TO 
                        AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS LOCATED IN AREAS 
                        EXPOSED TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PFAS USE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  Notification Required.--Not 
later than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, 
shall provide a notification described in subsection (b) to any 
agricultural operation located within one mile down gradient of a 
military installation or National Guard facility where covered PFAS--
            (1) has been detected in groundwater;
            (2) has been hydrologically linked to a local agricultural 
        or drinking water source, including a water well; and
            (3) is suspected to be, or known to be, the result of the 
        use of PFAS at an installation of the Department of Defense 
        located in the United States or State-owned facility of the 
        National Guard.

    (b) Notification Requirements.--The notification required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following information:
            (1) The name of the Department of Defense installation or 
        National Guard facility from which the covered PFAS in 
        groundwater originated.
            (2) The specific covered PFAS detected in groundwater.
            (3) The levels of the covered PFAS detected.
            (4) Relevant governmental information regarding the health 
        and safety of the covered PFAS detected, including relevant 
        Federal or State standards for PFAS in groundwater, livestock, 
        food commodities and drinking water, and any known restrictions 
        for sale of agricultural products that have been irrigated or 
        watered with water containing PFAS.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Additional Testing Results.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall provide to an agricultural operation that receives a 
notice under subsection (a) any pertinent updated information, including 
any results of new elevated testing, by not later than 15 days after 
receiving validated test results.

    (d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the Committee on 
Agriculture of the House of Representatives a report on the status of 
providing notice under subsection (a). Such report shall include, for 
the period covered by the report--
            (1) the approximate locations of such operations relative to 
        installations of the Department of Defense located in the United 
        States and State-owned facilities of the National Guard;
            (2) the covered PFAS detected in groundwater; and
            (3) the levels of covered PFAS detected.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered PFAS'' means each of the following:
                    (A) Perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly referred to as 
                ``PFOA'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 335-67-1) 
                detected in groundwater above 70 parts per trillion, 
                individually or in combination with PFOS.
                    (B) Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (commonly referred 
                to as ``PFOS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 1763-23-
                1) detected in groundwater above 70 parts per trillion, 
                individually or in combination with PFOA.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3533]]

                    (C) Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (commonly referred 
                to as ``PFBS'') (Chemical Abstracts Service No. 375-73-
                5) detected in groundwater above 40 parts per billion.
            (2) The term ``PFAS'' means a perfluoroalkyl or 
        polyfluoroalkyl substance with at least one fully fluorinated 
        carbon atom, including the chemical GenX.
SEC. 336. REPORTING ON ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(7) A description of the use of energy savings performance 
        contracts (in this paragraph referred to as `ESPCs') by the 
        Department of Defense, including--
                    ``(A) the total investment value of the total number 
                of ESPCs per service for the previous five fiscal years;
                    ``(B) the location of facilities with ESPCs for the 
                previous five fiscal years;
                    ``(C) any limitations on expanding ESPCs throughout 
                the Department of Defense;
                    ``(D) the effect ESPCs have on military readiness; 
                and
                    ``(E) any additional information the Secretary 
                determines relevant.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2925 note.>>  Applicability.--The reporting 
requirement under paragraph (7) of section 2925(a) of title 10, United 
States Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, applies to 
reports submitted under such section 2925 for fiscal year 2021 and 
thereafter.
SEC. 337. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL 
                        STUDY ON HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND 
                        POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION 
                        IN DRINKING WATER.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1350) is amended by 
striking ``$10,000,000'' and inserting ``$15,000,000''.
SEC. 338. <<NOTE: Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for 
                        Firefighters Act of 2020. 15 USC 8963 
                        note.>>  GUARANTEEING EQUIPMENT SAFETY FOR 
                        FIREFIGHTERS ACT OF 2020.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``Guaranteeing 
Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020''.
    (b) National Institute of Standards and Technology Study on Per- and 
Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal Protective Equipment Worn by 
Firefighters.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  In general.--Not 
        later than 3 years after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
        the Director of the National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology shall, subject to availability of appropriations, in 
        consultation with the Director of the National Institute for 
        Occupational Safety and Health, complete a study of the contents 
        and composition of new and unused personal protective equipment 
        worn by firefighters.
            (2) <<NOTE: Examination.>>  Contents of study.--In carrying 
        out the study required by paragraph (1), the Director of the 
        National Institute of Standards and Technology shall examine--
                    (A) the identity, prevalence, and concentration of 
                per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (commonly known as

[[Page 134 STAT. 3534]]

                ``PFAS'') in the personal protective equipment worn by 
                firefighters;
                    (B) the conditions and extent to which per- and 
                polyfluoroalkyl substances are released into the 
                environment over time from the degradation of personal 
                protective equipment from normal use by firefighters; 
                and
                    (C) the relative risk of exposure to per- and 
                polyfluoroalkyl substances faced by firefighters from--
                          (i) their use of personal protective 
                      equipment; and
                          (ii) degradation of personal protective 
                      equipment from normal use by firefighters.
            (3) Reports.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Progress reports.--Not 
                less frequently than once each year for the duration of 
                the study conducted under paragraph (1), the Director 
                shall submit to Congress a report on the progress of the 
                Director in conducting such study.
                    (B) Final report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date on which the Director completes the study required 
                by paragraph (1), the Director shall submit to Congress 
                a report describing--
                          (i) the findings of the Director with respect 
                      to the study; and
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  
                      recommendations on what additional research or 
                      technical improvements to personal protective 
                      equipment materials or components should be 
                      pursued to avoid unnecessary occupational exposure 
                      among firefighters to per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
                      substances through personal protective equipment.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
        be appropriated $2,500,000 for each of fiscal years 2021 and 
        2022.

    (c) Research on Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal 
Protective Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the submittal of the report required by 
        subsection (b)(3)(B), the Director of the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology shall, subject to the availability of 
        appropriations--
                    (A) issue a solicitation for research proposals to 
                carry out the research recommendations identified in the 
                report submitted under subsection (b)(3)(B); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Grants.>>  award grants to applicants 
                that submit research proposals to develop safe 
                alternatives to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in 
                personal protective equipment.
            (2) Criteria.--The Director shall select research proposals 
        to receive a grant under paragraph (1) on the basis of merit, 
        using criteria identified by the Director, including the 
        likelihood that the research results will address the findings 
        of the Director with respect to the study conducted under 
        subsection (b)(1).
            (3) <<NOTE: Proposal.>>  Eligible entities.--Any entity or 
        group of 2 or more entities may submit to the Director a 
        research proposal in response to the solicitation for research 
        proposals under paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) State and local agencies;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3535]]

                    (B) public institutions, including public 
                institutions of higher education;
                    (C) private corporations; and
                    (D) nonprofit organizations.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are authorized 
        to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, $5,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2024, and $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2025 to 
        carry out this section.

    (d) Authority for Director of the National Institute of Standards 
and Technology to Consult With Experts on Matters Relating to Per- and 
Polyfluoroalkyl Substances.--In carrying out this section, the Director 
of the National Institute of Standards and Technology may consult with 
Federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, State and local 
governments, and science and research institutions determined by the 
Director to have scientific or material interest in reducing unnecessary 
occupational exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances by 
firefighters.
SEC. 339. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY 
                        PROGRAMS WITH RESPECT TO NEED AND WILDFIRE 
                        RISK.

    (a) Assessment of Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
        the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with the 
        Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the Forest 
        Service, shall assess the Firefighter Property Program (FFP) and 
        the Federal Excess Personal Property Program (FEPP) 
        implementation and best practices, taking into account community 
        need and risk, including whether a community is an at-risk 
        community (as defined in section 101(1) of the Healthy Forests 
        Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511(1)).
            (2) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Collaboration.--In carrying out 
        the assessment required under paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
        Defense, acting through the Director of the Defense Logistics 
        Agency, and the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the 
        Chief of the Forest Service, shall consult with State foresters 
        and participants in the programs described in such paragraph.

    (b) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Report.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, 
acting through the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly 
with the Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the 
Forest Service, shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the 
Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, 
and Nutrition of the Senate a report on the assessment required under 
paragraph (1) of subsection (a) and any findings and recommendations 
with respect to the programs described in such paragraph.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 341. NATIONAL DEFENSE SUSTAINMENT AND LOGISTICS REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 118 the following new section:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3536]]

``Sec. 118a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 118a.>>  National Defense Sustainment 
                  and Logistics Review

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Review Required.--Upon submission of 
each national defense strategy under section 113(g) of this title, the 
Secretary of Defense shall conduct a comprehensive review of the 
sustainment and logistics requirements necessary to support the force 
structure, force modernization, infrastructure, force deployment 
capabilities, and other elements of the defense program and policies of 
the United States during the subsequent 5-, 10-, and 25-year periods. 
Each such review shall be known as the `National Defense Sustainment and 
Logistics Review'. <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Each such review shall be 
conducted in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, the Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces, all functional and 
geographic combatant commanders, and the Director of the Defense 
Logistics Agency.

    ``(b) Report to Congress.--(1) Not later than the first Monday in 
February of the year following the fiscal year during which the National 
Defense Strategy was submitted under section 113(g) of this title, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the review required by subsection (a). <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Each 
such report shall include each of the following:
            ``(A) An assessment of the strategic, operational, and 
        tactical maritime logistics force (including non-military assets 
        provided by Military Sealift Command, the Maritime 
        Administration, and through the Voluntary Intermodal Sealift 
        Agreement and Voluntary Tanker Agreement) required to support 
        sealift, at sea logistics, and over-the-shore logistics of 
        forces to meet steady state and contingency requirements and the 
        strategic and intra-theater movement of supplies, personnel, and 
        equipment.
            ``(B) An assessment of the strategic, operational, and 
        tactical airlift and tankers (including non-military assets 
        provided by the Civil Reserve Air Fleet) required to meet steady 
        state and contingency requirements.
            ``(C) An assessment of the location, configuration, material 
        condition, and inventory of prepositioned materiel, equipment, 
        and war reserves programs, as well as the ability to store and 
        distribute these items to deployed military forces, required to 
        meet steady state and contingency requirements.
            ``(D) An assessment of the location, infrastructure, and 
        storage capacity for petroleum, oil, and lubricant products, as 
        well as the ability to store, transport, and distribute such 
        products from storage supply points to deployed military forces, 
        required to meet steady state and contingency requirements.
            ``(E) An assessment of the capabilities, capacity, and 
        infrastructure of the Department of Defense organic industrial 
        base and private sector industrial base required to meet steady-
        state and surge software and depot maintenance requirements.
            ``(F) An assessment of the production capability, capacity, 
        and infrastructure, of the Department of Defense organic 
        industrial base and private sector industrial base required to 
        meet steady-state and surge production requirements for 
        ammunition and other military munitions.
            ``(G) An assessment of the condition, capacity, location, 
        and survivability under likely threats of military 
        infrastructure located both inside the continental United States 
        and outside the continental United States, including agreements 
        with and infrastructure provided by international partners, 
        required to

[[Page 134 STAT. 3537]]

        generate, project, and sustain military forces to meet steady-
        state and contingency requirements.
            ``(H) An assessment of the cybersecurity risks to military 
        and commercial logistics networks and information technology 
        systems.
            ``(I) An assessment of the gaps between the requirements 
        identified under subparagraphs (A) through (H) compared to the 
        actual force structure and infrastructure capabilities, 
        capacity, and posture and the risks associated with each gap as 
        it relates to the ability to meet the national defense strategy.
            ``(J) A discussion of the identified mitigations being 
        pursued to address each gap and risk identified under 
        subparagraph (I) as well as the initiatives and resources 
        planned to address such gaps, as included in the Department of 
        Defense budget request submitted during the same year as the 
        report and the applicable future-years defense program.
            ``(K) An assessment of the extent to which wargames 
        incorporate logistics capabilities and threats and a description 
        of the logistics constraints and restraints to operations 
        identified through such wargames.
            ``(L) An assessment of the ability of the Department of 
        Defense, the Armed Forces, and the combatant commands to 
        leverage and integrate emergent logistics related technologies 
        and advanced computing systems.
            ``(M) Such other matters the Secretary of Defense considers 
        appropriate.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Consultation. Recommenda- tions.>>  In preparing the 
report under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense shall consult with, 
and consider the recommendations of, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff.

    ``(3) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  The report required under 
this subsection shall be submitted in classified form and shall include 
an unclassified summary.

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Reports. Assessments.>>  Comptroller General Review.--
Not later than 180 days after the date on which Secretary submits each 
report required under subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes an 
assessment of each of the following:
            ``(1) Whether the report includes each of the elements 
        referred to in subsection (b).
            ``(2) The strengths and weaknesses of the approach and 
        methodology used in conducting the review required under 
        subsection (a) that is covered by the report.
            ``(3) Any other matters relating to sustainment that may 
        arise from the report, as the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.

    ``(d) Relationship to Budget.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to affect section 1105(a) of title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 118 the following new item:

``118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 118a note.>>  Deadline for Submittal of First 
Report.--Notwithstanding the deadline in subsection (b)(1) of section 
118a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit the first report under such section 
not later than the date that is 18 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, unless a new National Defense Strategy is 
released prior to such date.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3538]]

SEC. 342. REPEAL OF SUNSET FOR MINIMUM ANNUAL PURCHASE AMOUNT FOR 
                        CARRIERS PARTICIPATING IN THE CIVIL 
                        RESERVE AIR FLEET.

    Section 9515 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (k).
SEC. 343. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS FOR INCLUSION IN NAVY SHIP DEPOT 
                        MAINTENANCE BUDGET REPORT.

    Section 363(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) <<NOTE: 133 Stat. 1327.>>  is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) The execution of the planned schedule, categorized by 
        class of ship, for each of the three preceding fiscal years, 
        including--
                    ``(A) the actual contract award compared to the 
                milestone;
                    ``(B) the planned completion date compared to the 
                actual completion date; and
                    ``(C) each regional maintenance center's 
                availability schedule performance for on-time 
                availability completion.
            ``(7) In accordance with the findings of the Government 
        Accountability Office (GAO 20-370)--
                    ``(A) in 2021, an analysis plan for the evaluation 
                of pilot program availabilities funded by the Other 
                Procurement, Navy account; and
                    ``(B) in 2022, a report on the Navy's progress 
                implementing such analysis plan.''.
SEC. 344. CLARIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS 
                        FORWARD DEPLOYMENT OF CURRENTLY DEPLOYED 
                        NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1720; 10 U.S.C. 
8690 note) is amended by striking ``In the case of any naval vessel'' 
and inserting ``In the case of any aircraft carrier, amphibious ship, 
cruiser, destroyer, frigate, or littoral combat ship''.
SEC. 345. INDEPENDENT ADVISORY PANEL ON WEAPON SYSTEM SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
independent advisory panel (in this section referred to as the 
``panel'') on the weapon system sustainment ecosystem. The National 
Defense University and the Defense Acquisition University shall sponsor 
the panel, including by providing administrative support.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Appointments.>>  Composition.--The panel shall 
        be comprised of nine members, of whom--
                    (A) five shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
                Defense;
                    (B) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (C) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
                    (D) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
                Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3539]]

                    (E) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
                the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Expertise.--In making appointments under this 
        subsection, consideration should be given to individuals with 
        expertise in public and private-sector acquisition, sustainment, 
        and logistics policy in aviation, ground, maritime systems, and 
        space systems and their related components.
            (3) Appointment date.--The appointment of the members of the 
        panel shall be made not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act.

    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
            (1) review the weapon system sustainment ecosystem from 
        development, production, and sustainment of the weapon system 
        through use in the field, depot and field-level maintenance, 
        modification, and disposal with a goal of--
                    (A) maximizing the availability and mission 
                capabilities of weapon systems;
                    (B) reducing overall life-cycle costs of weapon 
                systems during fielding, operation and sustainment; and
                    (C) aligning weapon system sustainment functions to 
                the most recent national defense strategy submitted 
                pursuant to section 113 of title 10, United States Code; 
                and
            (2) using information from the review of the weapon system 
        sustainment ecosystem, make recommendations related to 
        statutory, regulatory, policy, or operational best practices the 
        panel considers necessary.

    (d) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  Interim report.--Not 
        later than 1 year after the date on which all members of the 
        panel have been appointed, the panel shall provide to the 
        Secretary of Defense and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on the interim 
        findings and recommendations of the panel.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
        which all members of the panel have been appointed, the panel 
        shall submit to the Secretary of Defense and the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a 
        report setting forth a detailed statement of the findings and 
        conclusions of the panel as a result of the review described in 
        subsection (c), together with such recommendations related to 
        statutory, regulatory, policy, or operational practices as the 
        panel considers appropriate in light of the results of the 
        review.

    (e) Administrative Matters.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall provide the 
        panel with timely access to appropriate information, data, 
        resources, analysis, and logistics support so that the panel may 
        conduct a thorough and independent assessment as required under 
        this section.
            (2) <<NOTE: Expiration date.>>  Effect of lack of 
        appointment by appointment date.--If any member has not been 
        appointed by the date specified in subsection (b)(3), the 
        authority to appoint such member under subsection (b)(1) shall 
        expire, and the number of members of the panel shall be reduced 
        by the number equal to the number of appointments so not made.
            (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members of the panel 
        shall be appointed for the duration of the panel. Any

[[Page 134 STAT. 3540]]

        vacancy in the panel shall not affect its powers, but shall be 
        filled in the same manner as the original appointment.
            (4) Chair.--The panel shall select a Chair from among its 
        members. The Chair may not be a Federal officer or employee.

    (f) Termination.--The panel shall terminate 90 days after the date 
on which the panel submits the report required under subsection (d)(2).
SEC. 346. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON STATUS OF SHIPYARD INFRASTRUCTURE 
                        OPTIMIZATION PLAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Briefings Required.--During the period 
beginning on July 1, 2020, and ending on July 1, 2025, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall provide to the congressional defense committees biannual 
briefings on the status of the Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization 
Plan.

    (b) Elements of Briefings.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
include a discussion of the status of each of the following elements:
            (1) A master plan for infrastructure development, including 
        projected military construction and capital equipment projects.
            (2) A planning and design update for military construction, 
        minor military construction, and facility sustainment projects 
        over the subsequent five-year period.
            (3) A human capital management and development plan.
            (4) A workload management plan that includes synchronization 
        requirements for each shipyard and ship class.
            (5) Performance metrics and an assessment plan.
            (6) A funding and authority plan that includes funding lines 
        across the future years defense program.
            (7) <<NOTE: List. Time period.>>  A listing of equipment 
        from Federal Supply Classes 3411 (Boring Machines), 3416 
        (Lathes) and 3441 (Bending and Forming Machines) that has been 
        unserviceable for over 30 consecutive days, including, for each 
        such piece of equipment--
                    (A) the reason for the delayed repair;
                    (B) the availability of technical representatives 
                from the manufacturer to provide assistance in 
                diagnosing and repairing the discrepancy; and
                    (C) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  the estimated time to 
                repair.
SEC. 347. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES FOR MAJOR 
                        WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 118 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as follows: 
        ``Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
        systems'';
            (2) by striking ``Not later than five days'' and inserting 
        the following:

    ``(d) Budget Justification.--Not later than five days'';
            (3) by inserting before subsection (d) (as designated by 
        paragraph (2)) the following new subsections:

    ``(a) Materiel Readiness Metrics.--Each head of an element of the 
Department specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of section 111(b) of 
this title shall establish and maintain materiel readiness metrics to 
enable assessment of the readiness of members of the armed forces to 
carry out--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3541]]

            ``(1) the strategic framework required by section 
        113(g)(1)(B)(vii) of this title; and
            ``(2) guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense pursuant 
        to section 113(g)(1)(B) of this title.

    ``(b) Required Metrics.--At a minimum, the materiel readiness 
metrics required by subsection (a) shall address the materiel 
availability, operational availability, operational capability, and 
materiel reliability of each major weapon system by designated mission, 
design series, variant, or class.
    ``(c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Materiel Readiness Objectives.--(1) Not 
later than one year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, 
each head of an element described in subsection (a) shall establish the 
metrics required by subsection (b) necessary to support the strategic 
framework and guidance referred to in paragraph (1) and (2) of 
subsection (a).

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Time period. Review.>>  Annually, each head of an 
element described in subsection (a) shall review and revise the metrics 
required by subsection (b) and include any such revisions in the 
materials submitted to Congress in support of the budget of the 
President under section 1105 of title 31.'';
            (4) in subsection (d) (as designated by paragraph (2))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``materiel reliability, and 
                      mean down time metrics for each major weapons 
                      system'' and inserting ``operational availability, 
                      and materiel reliability for each major weapon 
                      system''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``and'' at the end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a period at the end; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major weapon system' has the meaning given 
        in section 2379(f) of this title.
            ``(2) The term `materiel availability' means a measure of 
        the percentage of the total inventory of a major weapon system 
        that is operationally capable of performing an assigned mission.
            ``(3) The term `materiel reliability' means the probability 
        that a major weapon system will perform without failure over a 
        specified interval.
            ``(4) The term `operational availability' means a measure of 
        the percentage of time a major weapon system is operationally 
        capable.
            ``(5) The term `operationally capable' means a materiel 
        condition indicating that a major weapon system is capable of 
        performing its assigned mission and has no discrepancies with a 
        subsystem of a major weapon system.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 prec.>>  
is amended

[[Page 134 STAT. 3542]]

by striking the item relating to section 118 and inserting the following 
new item:

``118. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major defense 
           acquisition programs.''.

SEC. 348. REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENT FOR NOTIFICATION TO 
                        DIRECTOR OF DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY THREE 
                        YEARS PRIOR TO IMPLEMENTING CHANGES TO ANY 
                        UNIFORM OR UNIFORM COMPONENT.

    Section 356 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 771 note prec.) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (a) and (b), respectively; and
            (3) in subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``Commander'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``Director''.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

SEC. 351. CHAIR OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.

    (a) Responsibilities.--Section 172 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(c) Responsibilities of Chair.--The chair of the explosive safety 
board shall carry out the following responsibilities:
            ``(1) To act as the principal executive representative and 
        advisor of the Secretary on explosive and chemical agent safety 
        matters related to Department of Defense military munitions.
            ``(2) To perform the hazard classification approval duties 
        assigned to the chair.
            ``(3) To preside over meetings of the explosive safety 
        board.
            ``(4) To direct the staff of the explosive safety board.
            ``(5) To performs other functions relating to explosives 
        safety management, as directed by the Assistant Secretary of 
        Defense for Sustainment.
            ``(6) To provide impartial and objective advice related to 
        explosives safety management to the Secretary of Defense and the 
        heads of the military departments.
            ``(7) To serve as the principal representative and advisor 
        of the Department of Defense on matters relating to explosives 
        safety management.
            ``(8) To provide assistance and advice to the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
        Deputy Director of Land Warfare and Munitions in munitions 
        acquisition oversight and technology advancement for Department 
        of Defense military munitions, especially in the areas of 
        explosives and chemical agent safety and demilitarization.
            ``(9) To provide assistance and advice to the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Logistics and Material Readiness in 
        sustainment oversight of Department of Defense military 
        munitions, especially in the areas of explosives and chemical 
        agent safety, storage, transportation, and demilitarization.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3543]]

            ``(10) To develop and recommend issuances to define the 
        functions of the explosive safety board.
            ``(11) To establishes joint hazard classification procedures 
        with covered components of the Department.
            ``(12) To make recommendations to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment with respect to 
        explosives and chemical agent safety tenets and requirements.
            ``(13) To conducts oversight of Department of Defense 
        explosive safety management programs.
            ``(14) To carry out such other responsibilities as the 
        Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

    ``(d) Responsibilities of Executive Director and Civilian Members.--
The executive director and civilian members of the explosive safety 
board shall--
            ``(1) provide assistance to the chair in carrying out the 
        responsibilities specified in subsection (c); and
            ``(2) carry out such other responsibilities as the chair 
        determines appropriate.

    ``(e) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Meetings.--(1) The explosive safety 
board shall meet not less frequently than quarterly.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  The chair shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an annual report describing the 
activities conducted at the meetings of the board.

    ``(f) Exclusive Responsibilities.--The explosive safety board shall 
have exclusive responsibility within the Department of Defense for--
            ``(1) recommending new and updated explosive and chemical 
        agent safety regulations and standards to the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Energy Installations and Environment 
        for submittal to the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment; and
            ``(2) acting as the primary forum for coordination among 
        covered components of the Department on all matters related to 
        explosive safety management.

    ``(g) Covered Components.--In this section, the covered components 
of the Department are each of the following:
            ``(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The military departments.
            ``(3) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant Commands.
            ``(4) The Office of the Inspector General of the Department.
            ``(5) The Defense Agencies.
            ``(6) The Department of Defense field activities.
            ``(7) All other organizational entities within the 
        Department.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 172 note.>>  Deadline for Appointment.--By not 
later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall take such steps as may be necessary to ensure 
that the explosive safety board of the Department of Defense, as 
authorized under section 172 of title 10, United States Code, has a 
chair who is a military officer and whose responsibilities include the 
day-to-day management of the explosive safety board and the 
responsibilities provided in subsection (c) of such section.

    (c) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available in 
this Act for the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment for fiscal year 2021, not more than 75 
percent may

[[Page 134 STAT. 3544]]

be obligated or expended until the date on which the Under Secretary of 
Defense certifies to the congressional defense committees that all board 
member positions, including the chair, of the Department of Defense 
explosive safety board, as authorized under section 172 of title 10, 
United States Code, as amended by this section, have been filled by 
military officers as required by such section.
SEC. 352. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

    (a) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--Section 2284(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 1052 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92), is 
further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and'' before ``integration''; and
                    (B) by striking ``an Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense'' and inserting ``the Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
                Conflict'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to whom responsibility 
        is assigned under paragraph (1)(A)'' and inserting ``for Special 
        Operations and Low Intensity Conflict'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as paragraphs 
        (4) and (5), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph (3):
            ``(3) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
        Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall coordinate with--
                    ``(A) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Intelligence on explosive ordnance technical 
                intelligence;
                    ``(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                and Sustainment on explosive ordnance disposal research, 
                development, acquisition, and sustainment;
                    ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
                and Engineering on explosive ordnance disposal research, 
                development, test, and evaluation;
                    ``(D) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
                Homeland Security and Global Security on explosive 
                ordnance disposal on defense support of civil 
                authorities; and
                    ``(E) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
                Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense programs on 
                explosive ordnance disposal for combating weapons of 
                mass destruction;''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Report.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report of the Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense 
Program under section 2284 of title 10, United States 
Code. <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Such report shall include each of the 
following:
            (1) The status of the establishment and organization of the 
        Program and the compliance with the requirements of such 
        section, as amended by section 1052 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        designating the Joint Program Executive Officer for Armaments 
        and Ammunition as the joint program executive officer for the 
        explosive ordnance disposal program, establishing a rotation

[[Page 134 STAT. 3545]]

        of the role between an Army, Navy, and Air Force entity on a 
        periodic basis, or other options determined appropriate.
            (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        designating the Director of the Defense Threat Reduction Agency 
        with management responsibility for a Defense-wide program 
        element for explosive ordnance disposal research, development, 
        test, and evaluation transactions other than contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, and grants related to section 2371 of 
        title 10, United States Code, during research projects including 
        rapid prototyping and limited procurement urgent activities and 
        acquisition.
SEC. 353. ASSESSMENT OF RESILIENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Contracts.>>  Assessment.--Not later than 60 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall enter into an agreement with a federally-funded research 
and development center with relevant expertise under which such center 
shall conduct an assessment of the resilience of the Department of 
Defense munitions enterprise.

    (b) <<NOTE: Evaluations.>>  Elements.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
            (1) An identification of the points of failure with respect 
        to the munitions enterprise, including physical locations, 
        materials, suppliers, contractors, and other relevant elements, 
        that, if failure occurs, would have the largest negative impact 
        on the capacity, resiliency, and safety of the enterprise.
            (2) An evaluation of the efforts of the Department of 
        Defense to address the points of failure identified under 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendation with 
        respect to any additional efforts or actions that could be taken 
        to provide for mitigation or solutions with respect to such 
        points of failure.
            (4) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
        enterprise to support a sudden surge in demand to support a 
        contingency.
            (5) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
        enterprise to withstand intentional disruption during a 
        conflict.

    (c) Report and Briefings.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on the results of assessment conducted under this section by not 
        later than December 31, 2021; and
            (2) provide for such committees interim briefings on such 
        assessment upon request.

    (d) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Point of Failure.--In this section, the 
term ``point of failure'' means, with respect to the munitions 
enterprise, an aspect of the enterprise, that, if it were to fail or be 
significantly negatively impacted would cause the portion of the 
enterprise it supports to either fail or be significantly negatively 
impacted.
SEC. 354. REPORT ON SAFETY WAIVERS AND MISHAPS IN DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary shall include with the 
Department of Defense materials submitted to Congress with the budget of 
the President for each of fiscal years 2022 through 2025 (as submitted 
to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code), a 
report on safety waivers provided in the Department of Defense munitions 
enterprise. <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Each such report shall

[[Page 134 STAT. 3546]]

include each of the following for the year covered by the report and 
each of the preceding 3 years:
            (1) <<NOTE: List. Exemptions. Certifications.>>  A list of 
        each waiver, exemption, and secretarial exemption or 
        certification provided with respect to any Department of Defense 
        munitions safety standard.
            (2) For each such waiver, exemption, or certification 
        provided--
                    (A) the location where the waiver, exemption, or 
                certification was provided;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of the 
                justification used for providing the waiver, exemption, 
                or certification;
                    (C) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  the time period during 
                which the waiver, exemption, or certification applies 
                and the number of times such a waiver, exemption, or 
                certification has been provided at that location; and
                    (D) <<NOTE: List.>>  a list of all safety-related 
                mishaps that occurred at locations where waivers, 
                exemptions, or certifications were in place, and for 
                each such mishap, whether or not a subsequent 
                investigation determined the waiver, exemption, or 
                certification was related or may have been related to 
                the mishap.
            (3) <<NOTE: List. Summary.>>  A list and summary of all 
        class A through class E mishaps related to the construction, 
        storage, transportation, usage, and demilitarization of 
        munitions.
            (4) Any mitigation efforts in place at any location where a 
        waiver, exemption, or certification has been provided or where a 
        safety-related mishap has occurred.
            (5) Such other matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.

    (b) Munitions Defined.--In this section, the term ``munitions'' 
includes ammunition, explosives, and chemical agents.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 361. <<NOTE: 10 USC 771 note prec.>>  PILOT PROGRAM FOR 
                        TEMPORARY ISSUANCE OF MATERNITY-RELATED 
                        UNIFORM ITEMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Pilot Program.--The Director of the 
Defense Logistics Agency, in coordination with the Secretaries 
concerned, shall carry out a pilot program for issuing maternity-related 
uniform items to pregnant members of the Armed Forces, on a temporary 
basis and at no cost to such member. In carrying out the pilot program, 
the Director shall take the following actions:
            (1) The Director shall maintain a stock of each type of 
        maternity-related uniform item determined necessary by the 
        Secretary concerned, including service uniforms items, utility 
        uniform items, and other items relating to the command and duty 
        assignment of the member requiring issuance.
            (2) The Director shall ensure that such items have not been 
        treated with the chemical permethrin.
            (3) <<NOTE: Coordination. Determination.>>  The Director, in 
        coordination with the Secretary concerned, shall determine a 
        standard number of maternity-related uniform items that may be 
        issued per member.
            (4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any member 
        receiving a maternity-related uniform item returns such item to 
        the relevant office established under paragraph (1) on the

[[Page 134 STAT. 3547]]

        date on which the Secretary concerned determines the member no 
        longer requires such item.
            (5) The Secretary concerned shall inspect, process, repair, 
        clean, and re-stock items returned by a member pursuant to 
        paragraph (4) for re-issuance from such relevant office.
            (6) <<NOTE: Coordination. Regulations.>>  The Director, in 
        coordination with the Secretaries concerned, may issue such 
        guidance and regulations as necessary to carry out the pilot 
        program.

    (b) Termination.--No maternity-related uniform items may be issued 
to a member of the Armed Forces under the pilot program after September 
30, 2026.
    (c) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Report.--Not later than September 30, 
2025, the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, in coordination with 
the Secretaries concerned, shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the pilot program. Such report shall include each 
of the following:
            (1) For each year during which the pilot program was carried 
        out, the number of members of the Armed Forces who received a 
        maternity-related uniform item under the pilot program.
            (2) <<NOTE: Cost overview.>>  An overview of the costs 
        associated with, and any savings realized by, the pilot program, 
        including a comparison of the cost of maintaining a stock of 
        maternity-related uniform items for issuance under the pilot 
        program versus the cost of providing allowances to members for 
        purchasing such items.
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  A recommendation on 
        whether the pilot program should be extended after the date of 
        termination under subsection (b) and whether legislation is 
        necessary for such extension.
            (4) Any other matters that the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate.
SEC. 362. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7771 note prec.>>  SERVICEWOMEN'S 
                        COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Contracts. Grants.>>  In General.--The Secretary of the 
Army may enter into a contract, partnership, or grant with a non-profit 
organization for the purpose of providing financial support for the 
maintenance and sustainment of infrastructure and facilities at military 
service memorials and museums that highlight the role of women in the 
military. Such a contract, partnership, or grant shall be referred to as 
a ``Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnership''.

    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2021, as identified in division D of 
this Act, $3,000,000 shall be available for Servicewomen's Commemorative 
Partnerships under subsection (a).
SEC. 363. <<NOTE: 6 USC 105.>>  BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND BUDGET 
                        SUBMISSION.

    (a) Annual Analysis.--For each fiscal year, beginning in fiscal year 
2023, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall--
            (1) conduct a detailed and comprehensive analysis of Federal 
        biodefense programs; and
            (2) develop an integrated biodefense budget submission.

    (b) Definition of Biodefense.--In accordance with the National 
Biodefense Strategy, the Director shall develop and disseminate to all 
Federal departments and agencies a unified definition of the term 
``biodefense'' to identify which programs and activities are included in 
the annual budget submission required under subsection (a).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3548]]

    (c) Requirements for Analysis.--The analysis required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) the display of all funds requested for biodefense 
        activities, both mandatory and discretionary, by agency and 
        categorized by biodefense enterprise element, such as threat 
        awareness, prevention, deterrence, preparedness, surveillance 
        and detection, response, attribution (including bioforensic 
        capabilities), recovery, and mitigation; and
            (2) detailed explanations of how each program and activity 
        included aligns with biodefense goals and objectives as part of 
        the National Biodefense Strategy required under section 1086 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 
        U.S.C. 104).

    (d) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Submittal to Congress.--The Director, 
in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall 
submit to Congress the analysis required under subsection (a) for a 
fiscal year concurrently with the President's annual budget request for 
that fiscal year.
SEC. 364. <<NOTE: 6 USC 106.>>  UPDATE OF NATIONAL BIODEFENSE 
                        IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In General.--The Secretaries of Health 
and Human Services, Defense, Agriculture, Homeland Security, and all 
other Departments and agencies with responsibilities for biodefense, 
such as the Department of State, in consultation with the Assistant to 
the President for National Security Affairs and the Director of the 
Office of Management and Budget, as appropriate, shall jointly, after 
reviewing the biodefense threat assessment described in subsection (d) 
and any relevant input from external stakeholders, as appropriate, 
update the National Biodefense Implementation Plan developed under 
section 1086 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (6 U.S.C. 104) to clearly document established processes, roles, 
and responsibilities related to the National Biodefense Strategy.

    (b) Specific Updates.--The updated National Biodefense 
Implementation Plan shall--
            (1) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  describe the roles and 
        responsibilities of the Federal departments and agencies, 
        including internal and external coordination procedures, in 
        identifying and sharing information between and among Federal 
        departments and agencies, as described in section 1086(b)(4) of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 
        U.S.C. 104(b)(4)) and consistent with the statutory roles and 
        authorities of such departments and agencies;
            (2) describe roles, responsibilities, and processes for 
        decisionmaking, including decisions regarding use of resources 
        for effective risk management across the enterprise;
            (3) describe resource plans for each department and agency 
        with responsibility for biodefense to support implementation of 
        the strategy within the jurisdiction of such department or 
        agency, including for the Biodefense Coordination Team, as 
        appropriate;
            (4) describe guidance and methods for analyzing the data 
        collected from agencies to include non-Federal resources and 
        capabilities to the extent practicable; and
            (5) describe and update, as appropriate, 
        short-, medium-, and long-term goals for executing the National

[[Page 134 STAT. 3549]]

        Biodefense Strategy and metrics for meeting each objective of 
        the Strategy.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Submittal to Congress.--The Secretary of 
Health and Human Services, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Agriculture, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall, not later 
than 6 months after the date of the completion of the assessment in 
subsection (d)(1)(A), submit the updated Implementation Plan to the 
appropriate congressional committees.

    (d) Updated Biodefense Threat Assessment.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--The Secretaries of 
        Health and Human Services, Defense, Agriculture, and Homeland 
        Security, shall jointly, and in consultation with the Director 
        of National Intelligence, and other agency heads as 
        appropriate--
                    (A) conduct an assessment of current and potential 
                biological threats against the United States, both 
                naturally occurring and man-made, either accidental or 
                deliberate, including the potential for catastrophic 
                biological threats, such as a pandemic;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  not later than 1 year after 
                the date of enactment of this section, submit the 
                findings of the assessment conducted under subparagraph 
                (A) to the Federal officials described in subsection 
                (d)(1)and the appropriate congressional committees 
                described in subsection (e);
                    (C) <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  not later than 30 
                days after the date on which the assessment is submitted 
                under subparagraph (B), conduct a briefing for the 
                appropriate congressional committees on the findings of 
                the assessment;
                    (D) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  update the assessment 
                under subparagraph (A) biennially, as appropriate, and 
                provide the findings of such updated assessments to the 
                Federal officials described in subsection (d)(1) and the 
                appropriate congressional committees; and
                    (E) <<NOTE: Briefings.>>  conduct briefings for the 
                appropriate congressional committees as needed any time 
                an assessment under this paragraph is updated.
            (2) Classification and format.--Assessments under paragraph 
        (1) shall be submitted in an unclassified format and include a 
        classified annex, as appropriate.

    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the following:
            (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, 
        and Pensions of the Senate.
            (3) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Homeland Security and 
        Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and 
        Forestry of the Senate.
            (5) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence of the 
        House of Representatives and the Select Committee on 
        Intelligence of the Senate.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3550]]

            (6) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the 
        Senate.

    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter, limit, or duplicate the roles, responsibilities, 
authorities, or current activities, as established in statute or 
otherwise through existing practice or policy, of each Federal 
department or agency with responsibilities for biodefense or otherwise 
relevant to implementation of the National Biodefense Strategy.
SEC. 365. PLANS AND REPORTS ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING FOR 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Plans.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure 
        that each military installation under the jurisdiction of the 
        Secretary that does not conduct live emergency response training 
        on an annual basis or more frequently with the civilian law 
        enforcement and emergency response agencies responsible for 
        responding to an emergency at the installation develops a plan 
        to conduct such training.
            (2) Elements.--Each plan developed under paragraph (1) with 
        respect to an installation--
                    (A) shall include--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  the cost of implementing 
                      training described in paragraph (1) at the 
                      installation;
                          (ii) a description of any obstacles to the 
                      implementation of such training; and
                          (iii) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  
                      recommendations for mitigating any such obstacles; 
                      and
                    (B) shall be designed to ensure that the civilian 
                law enforcement and emergency response agencies 
                described in paragraph (1) are familiar with--
                          (i) the physical features of the installation, 
                      including gates, buildings, armories, 
                      headquarters, command and control centers, and 
                      medical facilities; and
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  the emergency 
                      response personnel and procedures of the 
                      installation.
            (3) Submittal of plans.--
                    (A) Submittal to secretary.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                commander of each military installation required to 
                develop a plan under paragraph (1) shall submit such 
                plan to the Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  Submittal to congress.--Not 
                later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a summary of the plans submitted to the 
                Secretary under subparagraph (A).

    (b) Reports on Training Conducted.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  List of installations.--Not later 
        than March 1, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a list of all military installations under the jurisdiction of 
        the Secretary that conduct live emergency response training on 
        an

[[Page 134 STAT. 3551]]

        annual basis or more frequently with the civilian law 
        enforcement and emergency response agencies responsible for 
        responding to an emergency at the installation.
            (2) Annual reports.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
                date of the enactment of this Act, and annually 
                thereafter, the commander of each military installation 
                under the jurisdiction of the Secretary shall submit to 
                the Secretary a report on each live emergency response 
                training conducted during the year covered by the report 
                with the civilian law enforcement and emergency response 
                agencies responsible for responding to an emergency at 
                the installation.
                    (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to each 
                training exercise, the following:
                          (i) The date and duration of the exercise.
                          (ii) A detailed description of the exercise.
                          (iii) An identification of all military and 
                      civilian personnel who participated in the 
                      exercise.
                          (iv) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Any 
                      recommendations resulting from the exercise.
                          (v) The actions taken, if any, to implement 
                      such recommendations.
                    (C) Inclusion in annual budget submission.--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  In general.--The 
                      Secretary shall include in the budget submitted to 
                      Congress by the President pursuant to section 
                      1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, a summary 
                      of any report submitted to the Secretary under 
                      subparagraph (A) during the one-year period 
                      preceding the submittal of the budget.
                          (ii) Classified form.--The summary submitted 
                      under clause (i) may be submitted in classified 
                      form.
                    (D) Sunset.--The requirement to submit annual 
                reports under subparagraph (A) shall terminate upon the 
                submittal of the budget described in subparagraph (C)(i) 
                for fiscal year 2024.
SEC. 366. INAPPLICABILITY OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND DOLLAR 
                        LIMITATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCE 
                        BILLINGS FOR CERTAIN BACKGROUND 
                        INVESTIGATIONS.

    Section 2208(l) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):

    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to advance billing for 
background investigation and related services performed by the Defense 
Counterintelligence and Security Agency.''.
SEC. 367. ADJUSTMENT IN AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR UNUSUAL 
                        COST OVERRUNS AND FOR CHANGES IN SCOPE OF 
                        WORK.

    Section 8683 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Treatment of Amounts Appropriated After End of Period of 
Obligation.--In the application of section 1553(c) of title 31 to funds 
appropriated in the Operation and Maintenance, Navy account that are 
available for ship overhaul, the Secretary

[[Page 134 STAT. 3552]]

of the Navy may treat the limitation specified in paragraph (1) of such 
section to be `$10,000,000' rather than `$4,000,000'.''.
SEC. 368. <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 2672 note.>>  REQUIREMENT THAT 
                        SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IMPLEMENT SECURITY 
                        AND EMERGENCY RESPONSE RECOMMENDATIONS 
                        RELATING TO ACTIVE SHOOTER OR TERRORIST 
                        ATTACKS ON INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall implement the 
applicable security and emergency response recommendations relating to 
active shooter or terrorist attacks on installations of the Department 
of Defense made in the following reports:
            (1) The report by the Government Accountability Office dated 
        July 2015 entitled, ``Insider Threats: DOD Should Improve 
        Information Sharing and Oversight to Protect U.S. 
        Installations'' (GAO-15-543).
            (2) The report prepared by the Department of the Navy 
        relating to the Washington Navy Yard shooting in 2013.
            (3) The report by the Department of the Army dated August 
        2010 entitled ``Fort Hood, Army Internal Review Team: Final 
        Report''.
            (4) The independent review by the Department of Defense 
        dated January 2010 entitled ``Protecting the Force: Lessons from 
        Fort Hood''.
            (5) The report by the Department of the Air Force dated 
        October 2010 entitled ``Air Force Follow-On Review: Protecting 
        the Force: Lessons from Fort Hood''.

    (b) Notification of Inapplicable Recommendations.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In general.--If the Secretary 
        determines that a recommendation described in subsection (a) is 
        outdated, is no longer applicable, or has been superseded by 
        more recent separate guidance or recommendations set forth by 
        the Government Accountability Office, the Department of Defense, 
        or another entity in related contracted review, the Secretary 
        shall notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        the House of Representatives not later than 45 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Identification and justification.--The notification 
        under paragraph (1) shall include an identification, set forth 
        by report specified in subsection (a), of each recommendation 
        that the Secretary determines should not be implemented, with a 
        justification for each such determination.
SEC. 369. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2251 note prec.>>  CLARIFICATION OF FOOD 
                        INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD OR 
                        BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Federal Register, publication. Notice. Public 
comment.>>  In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, or 
determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of any food or 
beverage ingredient in military food service, military medical foods, 
commissary food, or commissary food service, the Secretary of Defense 
shall publish in the Federal Register a notice of a preliminary rule, 
statement, or determination (in this section referred to as a ``proposed 
action'') and provide opportunity for public comment.

    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in any 
notice published under subsection (a) the following:
            (1) The date of the notice.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3553]]

            (2) Contact information for the appropriate office at the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A summary of the notice.
            (4) A date for comments to be submitted and specific methods 
        for submitting comments.
            (5) A description of the substance of the proposed action.
            (6) Findings and a statement of reasons supporting the 
        proposed action.

    (c) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Waiver Authority.--
            (1) Military operations and emergency response.--The 
        Secretary may waive subsections (a) and (b) if the Secretary 
        determines that such a waiver is necessary for military 
        operations or for the response to a national emergency declared 
        by the President under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 
        1601 et seq.), a medical emergency, or a pandemic.
            (2) Protection of human health.--The Secretary may waive 
        subsections (a) and (b) if the Food and Drug Administration, the 
        Surgeon General of the United States, or the Surgeons General of 
        the Department of Defense makes a recall or prohibition 
        determination due to certain ingredients being harmful for human 
        consumption.
            (3) Notification required.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--The Secretary 
                shall notify the congressional defense committees not 
                later than 60 days after exercising waiver authority 
                under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Elements.--The notification required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to each 
                waiver, the following elements:
                          (i) The date, time, and location of the 
                      issuance of the waiver.
                          (ii) A detailed justification for the issuance 
                      of the waiver.
                          (iii) An identification of the rule, 
                      statement, or determination for which the 
                      Secretary issued the waiver, including the 
                      proposed duration of such rule, statement, or 
                      determination.
SEC. 370. <<NOTE: 10 USC 113 note.>>  COMMISSION ON THE NAMING OF 
                        ITEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE THAT 
                        COMMEMORATE THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF 
                        AMERICA OR ANY PERSON WHO SERVED 
                        VOLUNTARILY WITH THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF 
                        AMERICA.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Plan.>>  Removal.--Not later than three years 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall implement the plan submitted by the commission described in 
paragraph (b) and remove all names, symbols, displays, monuments, and 
paraphernalia that honor or commemorate the Confederate States of 
America (commonly referred to as the ``Confederacy'') or any person who 
served voluntarily with the Confederate States of America from all 
assets of the Department of Defense.

    (b) <<NOTE: Establishment.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a commission relating to assigning, modifying, or 
removing of names, symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia to 
assets of the Department of Defense that commemorate the Confederate 
States of America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
Confederate States of America.

    (c) Duties.--The Commission shall--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3554]]

            (1) assess the cost of renaming or removing names, symbols, 
        displays, monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the 
        Confederate States of America or any person who served 
        voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (2) develop procedures and criteria to assess whether an 
        existing name, symbol, monument, display, or paraphernalia 
        commemorates the Confederate States of America or person who 
        served voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (3) recommend procedures for renaming assets of the 
        Department of Defense to prevent commemoration of the 
        Confederate States of America or any person who served 
        voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (4) develop a plan to remove names, symbols, displays, 
        monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate the Confederate 
        States of America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
        Confederate States of America from assets of the Department of 
        Defense, within the timeline established by this Act; and
            (5) include in the plan procedures and criteria for 
        collecting and incorporating local sensitivities associated with 
        naming or renaming of assets of the Department of Defense.

    (d) <<NOTE: Appointments.>>  Membership.--The Commission shall be 
composed of eight members, of whom--
            (1) four shall be appointed by the Secretary of Defense;
            (2) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (3) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (4) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the Committee 
        on Armed Services of the House of Representatives; and
            (5) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives.

    (e) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Appointment.--Members of the Commission 
shall be appointed not later than 45 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

    (f) Initial Meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial meeting 
on the date that is 60 days after the enactment of this Act.
    (g) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefings and Reports.--Not later than 
October 1, 2021, the Commission shall brief the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives detailing the 
progress of the requirements under subsection (c). Not later than 
October 1, 2022, and not later than 90 days before the implementation of 
the plan in subsection (c)(4), the Commission shall present a briefing 
and written report detailing the results of the requirements under 
subsection (c), including:
            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of assets to be removed or 
        renamed.
            (2) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  Costs associated with the removal or 
        renaming of assets in subsection (g)(1).
            (3) <<NOTE: Criteria. Requirements.>>  Criteria and 
        requirements used to nominate and rename assets in subsection 
        (g)(1).
            (4) Methods of collecting and incorporating local 
        sensitivities associated with the removal or renaming of assets 
        in subsection (g)(1).

    (h) Funding.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3555]]

            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
        be appropriated $2,000,000 to carry out this section.
            (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be appropriated by the 
        Act for fiscal year 2021 for Operations and Maintenance, Army, 
        sub activity group 434 - other personnel support is hereby 
        reduced by $2,000,000.

    (i) Assets Defined.--In this section, the term ``assets'' includes 
any base, installation, street, building, facility, aircraft, ship, 
plane, weapon, equipment, or any other property owned or controlled by 
the Department of Defense.
    (j) Exemption for Grave Markers.--Shall not cover monuments but 
shall exempt grave markers. Congress expects the commission to further 
define what constitutes a grave marker.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
           for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
           Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
           for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and end 
           strengths for temporary military technicians (dual status).

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 485,900.
            (2) The Navy, 347,800.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 181,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 333,475.
SEC. 402. REVISIONS TO PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                        LEVELS.

    (a) In General.--Section 691 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``two major regional 
        contingencies'' and inserting ``the National Defense Strategy'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``a national defense strategy 
                calling for'' and inserting ``the national defense 
                strategy of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``to be able to successfully conduct 
                two nearly simultaneous major regional contingencies'';

[[Page 134 STAT. 3556]]

            (3) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) through 
        (4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 485,900.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 347,800.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 181,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 333,475.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or the Secretary concerned'' 
                after ``Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) by striking ``reduce a number specified in 
                subsection (b) by not more than 2 percent'' and 
                inserting ``vary a number specified in subsection (b) in 
                accordance with section 115 of this title''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 39 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 671 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 691 and inserting the following:

``691. Permanent end strength levels to support the National Defense 
           Strategy''.

SEC. 403. MODIFICATION OF THE AUTHORIZED NUMBER AND ACCOUNTING 
                        METHOD FOR SENIOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Section 517 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``daily average'' 
        and inserting ``enlisted end strength'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``daily average number of'' and 
                inserting ``end strength for'';
                    (B) by striking ``in a fiscal year'' and inserting 
                ``as of the last day of a fiscal year'';
                    (C) by striking ``2.5 percent'' and inserting ``3.0 
                percent''; and
                    (D) by striking ``on the first day of that fiscal 
                year''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (b).

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 31 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 501 prec.>>  amended by 
striking the item relating to section 517 and inserting the following 
new item:

``517. Authorized enlisted end strength: members in pay grades E-8 and 
           E-9.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 336,500.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,800.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,800.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 108,100.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.

    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3557]]

            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
        unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent 
        at the end of the fiscal year.

    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members of 
the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal 
year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
                        THE RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 2021, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,215.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 25,333.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 5,256.
SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians (dual 
status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2021 for the reserve 
components of the Army and the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of 
title 10, United States Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 10,994.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,947.

    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military technician 
(dual status) employed under the authority of this section be coerced by 
a State into accepting an offer of realignment or conversion to any 
other military status, including as a member of the Active, Guard, and 
Reserve program of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual 
status) declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the individual's 
position.
SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2021, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time on 
full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3558]]

            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.
SEC. 415. SEPARATE AUTHORIZATION BY CONGRESS OF MINIMUM END 
                        STRENGTHS FOR NON-TEMPORARY MILITARY 
                        TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS) AND END 
                        STRENGTHS FOR TEMPORARY MILITARY 
                        TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--Section 115(d) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
        for military technicians (dual status)'' and inserting ``both 
        the minimum end strength for non-temporary military technicians 
        (dual status) and the end strength for temporary military 
        technicians (dual status)''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``the end strength 
        requested for military technicians (dual status)'' and inserting 
        ``the minimum end strength for non-temporary military 
        technicians (dual status), and the end strength for temporary 
        military technicians (dual status), requested''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 115 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the day after the 
date of the enactment of this Act. <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  The 
amendment made by subsection (a)(2) shall apply with respect to budgets 
submitted by the President to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, 
United States Code, after such effective date.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces and 
other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, 
not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization 
of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal 
year 2021.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
           duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
           service credit in a particular career field upon original 
           appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
           higher placement on promotion list of officers of particular 
           merit.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3559]]

Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
           officers subject to adverse information identified after 
           recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
           alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
           grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
           officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
           engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in 
           high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national 
           emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
           of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
           travel or duty restrictions in computations of entitlement to 
           and amounts of retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
           perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 
           emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
           reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
           CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
           and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
           the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
           responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
           the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
           Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
           furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on 
           sexual orientation.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
           connection with applications for change of station or unit 
           transfer of members who are victims of sexual assault or 
           related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
           Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
           Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
           duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
           Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
           sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
           involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of alleged 
           victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of sexual 
           assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3560]]

Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
           discharging the sexual harassment policies and programs of 
           the Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
           offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
           Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
           perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
           academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-
           Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
           of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
           filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
           Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
           Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
           certain persons from investigative reports, the Department of 
           Defense Central Index of Investigations, and other records 
           and databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
           certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
           implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
           recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment of 
           racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military 
           justice system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
           dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
           vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or 
           illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
           response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes against 
           children, and serious harmful behavior between children and 
           youth involving military dependents on military 
           installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic violence 
           in the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551.  Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
           matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
           respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
           workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
           Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or criminal 
           gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
           certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
           members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
           units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
           opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
           radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
           Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
           improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
           States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
           Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3561]]

Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
           service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
           educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
           Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
           programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications 
           to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
           officers.

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; review; 
           report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
           immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
           child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
           Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
           Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
           the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
           dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
           to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
           domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
           Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
           campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members of 
           the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent students 
           with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
           Defense Education Activity.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
           Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
           Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
           purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
           assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the Federal 
           Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
           other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
           deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
           members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
           future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
           Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and 
           Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
           veterans on national security, foreign policy, and economic 
           and humanitarian interests of the United States.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3562]]

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY.

    (a) Exclusion of Certain General and Flag Officers of Reserve 
Components on Active Duty From Strength Limitations.--Section 526a of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as 
        subsections (d) through (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Exclusion of Certain Officers of 
Reserve Components.--The limitations of this section do not apply to the 
following:
            ``(1) A general or flag officer of a reserve component who 
        is on active duty--
                    ``(A) for training; or
                    ``(B) under a call or order specifying a period of 
                less than 180 days.
            ``(2)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component 
        who is authorized by the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned to serve on active duty for a period of at least 180 
        days and not longer than 365 days.
            ``(B) The Secretary of the military department concerned may 
        authorize a number, determined under subparagraph (C), of 
        officers in the reserve component of each armed force under the 
        jurisdiction of that Secretary to serve as described in 
        subparagraph (A).
            ``(C) Each number described in subparagraph (B) may not 
        exceed 10 percent of the number of general or flag officers, as 
        the case may be, authorized to serve in the armed force 
        concerned under section 12004 of this title. In determining a 
        number under this subparagraph, any fraction shall be rounded 
        down to the next whole number that is greater than zero.
            ``(3)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve component 
        who is on active duty for a period longer than 365 days and not 
        longer than three years.
            ``(B) The number of officers described in subparagraph (A) 
        who do not serve in a position that is a joint duty assignment 
        for purposes of chapter 38 of this title may not exceed five per 
        armed force, unless authorized by the Secretary of Defense.''.

    (b) Allocation of Billets and Positions Among the Armed Forces and 
for Joint Duty Assignments.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Study.>>  Report required.--Not later than May 
        1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
        a report on the results of a study, conducted by the Secretary 
        for purposes of the report, on the following:
                    (A) The allocation among the Armed Forces of billets 
                and positions for general and flag officers on active 
                duty.
                    (B) The allocation for joint duty assignments of 
                billets and positions for general and flag officers on 
                active duty.
            (2) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
        paragraph (1) in the consultation with the Secretaries of

[[Page 134 STAT. 3563]]

        the military departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
        Staff.
            (3) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Elements.--The report 
        required by paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  A final plan to meet the 
                authorized strengths of general and flag officers on 
                active duty after December, 31, 2022, as required by 
                section 526a of title 10, United States Code, which plan 
                shall set forth the intended disposition of each billet 
                or position for general or flag officer in effect as of 
                the date of the enactment of this Act in order to meet 
                the objectives of the plan.
                    (B) A recommendation by the Secretary of Defense as 
                to the appropriate grade level or levels for the billet 
                or position of commander of a component command within a 
                combatant command.
                    (C) A recommendation by the Chairman of the Joint 
                Chief of Staff as to whether the billet or position of 
                commander of a component command within a combatant 
                command should be considered a joint duty assignment for 
                purposes of section 526(b) or 526a(b) of title 10, 
                United States Code.
                    (D) A recommendation by the Secretary of Defense as 
                to the allocation of billets and positions for general 
                and flag officers on active duty among the Armed Forces 
                within the aggregate limitation specified in section 
                526a(a) of title 10, United States Code, including the 
                allocation of such billets and positions within the 
                Space Force.
                    (E) Such other matters as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate.

    (c) Increase in Army Authorization for General Officers Serving in 
Grade O-10.--
            (1) Increase.--Section 525(a)(1)(A) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking ``7'' and inserting ``8''.
            (2) Conforming decrease in strength limitations for joint 
        duty requirements.--Section 526(b)(3)(A) of such title is 
        amended by striking ``20'' and inserting ``19''.
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 526 note.>>  Construction of decrease as 
        applying to generals.--The reduction in number of positions 
        excluded from authorized strength limitations resulting from the 
        amendment made by paragraph (2) shall apply to positions in the 
        grade of general.
SEC. 502. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AVAILABILITY OF ENHANCED 
                        CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE CREDIT IN A 
                        PARTICULAR CAREER FIELD UPON ORIGINAL 
                        APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

    (a) Regular Officers.--Subparagraph (D) of section 533(b)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in a 
                particular officer field as designated by the Secretary 
                concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.
                    ``(ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  During fiscal years 
                2021 through 2025, for advanced education in an officer 
                field so designated, if such education is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3564]]

    (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 12207(b)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), ``or a 
        designation in'' and all that follows through ``education or 
        training,'' and inserting ``and who has special training or 
        experience, or advanced education (if applicable),''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the following 
        new subparagraph (D):
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in a 
                particular officer field as designated by the Secretary 
                concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
                related to the operational needs of the armed force 
                concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 2025, for 
                advanced education in an officer field so designated, if 
                such education is directly related to the operational 
                needs of the armed force concerned.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 533 note.>>  Annual Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In general.--Not later than 
        February 1, 2022, and every four years thereafter, each 
        Secretary of a military department shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the use of the authorities in 
        subparagraph (D) of section 553(b)(1) of title 10, United States 
        Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and subparagraph (D) of 
        section 12207(b)(1) of such title (as amended by subsection (b)) 
        (each referred to in this subsection as a ``constructive credit 
        authority'') during the preceding fiscal year for the Armed 
        Forces under the jurisdiction of such Secretary.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, for the fiscal year and Armed Forces covered by such 
        report, the following:
                    (A) The manner in which constructive service credit 
                was calculated under each constructive credit authority.
                    (B) The number of officers credited constructive 
                service credit under each constructive credit authority.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  A description and 
                assessment of the utility of the constructive credit 
                authorities in meeting the operational needs of the 
                Armed Force concerned.
                    (D) Such other matters in connection with the 
                constructive credit authorities as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned considers appropriate.
SEC. 503. DIVERSITY IN SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Active Duty Promotion 
Selection Boards.--
            (1) Officers.--Section 612(a)(1) of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent the 
        diverse population of the armed force concerned to the extent 
        practicable.''.
            (2) Warrant officers.--Section 573(b) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        sentence: ``The members of a selection board shall represent the 
        diverse population of the armed force concerned to the extent 
        practicable.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3565]]

    (b) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Reserve Component 
Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14102(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The 
members of a selection board shall represent the diverse population of 
the armed force concerned to the extent practicable.''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 573 note.>>  Other Selection Boards.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        the members of each selection board described in paragraph (2) 
        represent the diverse population of the Armed Force concerned to 
        the extent practicable.
            (2) Selection board described.--A selection board described 
        in this paragraph (1) is any selection board used with respect 
        to the promotion, education, or command assignments of members 
        of the Armed Forces that is not covered by the amendments made 
        by this section.
SEC. 504. REQUIREMENT FOR PROMOTION SELECTION BOARD RECOMMENDATION 
                        OF HIGHER PLACEMENT ON PROMOTION LIST OF 
                        OFFICERS OF PARTICULAR MERIT.

    (a) In General.--Section 616(h) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting ``shall''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``pursuant to guidelines and 
                procedures prescribed by the Secretary,'' after 
                ``officers of particular merit,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, pursuant to 
        guidelines and procedures prescribed by the Secretary 
        concerned,'' after ``shall recommend''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 616 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect to officers 
recommended for promotion by promotion selection boards convened on or 
after that date.
SEC. 505. SPECIAL SELECTION REVIEW BOARDS FOR REVIEW OF PROMOTION 
                        OF OFFICERS SUBJECT TO ADVERSE INFORMATION 
                        IDENTIFIED AFTER RECOMMENDATION FOR 
                        PROMOTION AND RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Regular Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 36 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 628 
        the following new section:
``Sec. 628a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 625a.>>  Special selection review 
                  boards

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Determination. Recommenda- tions.>>  In General.--(1) 
If the Secretary of the military department concerned determines that a 
person recommended by a promotion board for promotion to a grade at or 
below the grade of major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or an 
equivalent grade in the Space Force is the subject of credible 
information of an adverse nature, including any substantiated adverse 
finding or conclusion described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title, 
that was not furnished to the promotion board during its consideration 
of the person for promotion as otherwise required by such section, the 
Secretary shall convene a special selection review board under this 
section to review the person and recommend whether the recommendation 
for promotion of the person should be sustained.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3566]]

    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of the person 
is subject to review under this section by a special selection review 
board convened under this section, the name of the person--
            ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
        list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion 
        board recommending the promotion of the person; and
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, 
        the President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a 
        promotion list under section 624(a) of this title.

    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board convened 
under this section shall be convened in accordance with the provisions 
of section 628(f) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under this section 
may review such number of persons, and recommendations for promotion of 
such persons, as the Secretary of the military department concerned 
shall specify in convening such special selection review board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person and 
recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of the person 
should be sustained under this section, a special selection review board 
convened under this section shall be furnished and consider the 
following:
            ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
        furnished in accordance with section 615(a)(2) of this title to 
        the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
            ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
        person, including any substantiated adverse finding or 
        conclusion from an officially documented investigation or 
        inquiry described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this title.

    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection review 
board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the standards and 
procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(C) of section 615(a) of this 
title applicable to the furnishing of information described in paragraph 
(3)(A) of such section to selection boards in accordance with that 
section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on a person described in paragraph 
(1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review board for purposes of 
this section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall 
ensure that--
            ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
            ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
        afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
        information to the special selection review board before its 
        review of the person and the recommendation for promotion of the 
        person under this section.

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Classified information. Summary.>>  If information on 
a person described in paragraph (1)(B) is not made available to the 
person as otherwise required by subparagraph (A)(i) due to the 
classification status of such information, the person shall, to the 
maximum extent practicable, be furnished a summary of such information 
appropriate to the person's authorization for access to classified 
information.

    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information is not 
required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
            ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
        connection with the furnishing of such information under

[[Page 134 STAT. 3567]]

        section 615(a) of this title to the promotion board that 
        recommended the promotion of the person subject to review under 
        this section; and
            ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
        that promotion board.

    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in clause 
(i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection review board.
    ``(D) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>>  A person may waive either or both 
of the following:
            ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Records.>>  Consideration.--(1) In considering the 
record and information on a person under this section, the special 
selection review board shall compare such record and information with an 
appropriate sampling of the records of those officers of the same 
competitive category who were recommended for promotion by the promotion 
board that recommended the person for promotion, and an appropriate 
sampling of the records of those officers who were considered by and not 
recommended for promotion by that promotion board.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Records.>>  Records and information shall be presented 
to a special selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in a 
manner that does not indicate or disclose the person or persons for whom 
the special selection review board was convened.

    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for promotion of a 
person should be sustained under this section, a special selection 
review board shall, to the greatest extent practicable, apply standards 
used by the promotion board that recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The recommendation for promotion of 
a person may be sustained under this section only if the special 
selection review board determines that the person--
            ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
        selection review board as better qualified for promotion than 
        the sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
        considered by and not recommended for promotion by the promotion 
        board concerned; and
            ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
        sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
        promotion board.

    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only by a vote of a majority of the members of the 
special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain a 
recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, the person 
shall be considered to have failed of selection for promotion.
    ``(e) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Reports.--(1) Each special selection 
review board convened under this section shall submit to the Secretary 
of the military department concerned a written report, signed by each 
member of the board, containing the name of each person whose 
recommendation for promotion it recommends for sustainment and 
certifying that the board has carefully considered the record and 
information of each person whose name was referred to it.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  The provisions of sections 617(b) 
and 618 of this title apply to the report and proceedings of a special 
selection review board convened under this section in the same manner as 
they

[[Page 134 STAT. 3568]]

apply to the report and proceedings of a promotion board convened under 
section 611(a) of this title.

    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) <<NOTE: President.>>  If the 
report of a special selection review board convened under this section 
recommends the sustainment of the recommendation for promotion to the 
next higher grade of a person whose name was referred to it for review 
under this section, and the President approves the report, the person 
shall, as soon as practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance 
with subsections (b) and (c) of section 624 of this title.

    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have the same 
date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and allowances of that 
grade, and the same position on the active-duty list as the person would 
have had pursuant to the original recommendation for promotion of the 
promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Such 
regulations shall apply uniformly across the military departments.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Approval.>>  Any regulation prescribed by the 
Secretary of a military department to supplement the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to paragraph (1) may not take effect without the 
approval of the Secretary of Defense, in writing.

    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term `promotion 
board 'means a selection board convened by the Secretary of a military 
department under section 611(a) of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter III of chapter 36 of such 
        title <<NOTE: 10 USC 627 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
        the item relating to section 628 the following new item:

``628a. Special selection review boards.''.

            (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 624(d) of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (D), by striking ``or'' at 
                      the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (E), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; or''; and
                          (iii) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
                      following new subparagraph (F):
            ``(F) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned determines that credible 
        information of an adverse nature, including a substantiated 
        adverse finding or conclusion described in section 615(a)(3)(A) 
        of this title, with respect to the officer will result in the 
        convening of a special selection review board under section 628a 
        of this title to review the officer and recommend whether the 
        recommendation for promotion of the officer should be 
        sustained.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
                paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraph (3):

    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for promotion is sustained, 
authorities for the promotion of the officer are specified in section 
628a(f) of this title.''; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3569]]

                    (D) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``The appointment'' and 
                      inserting ``(A) Except as provided in subparagraph 
                      (B), the appointment''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      subparagraph:

    ``(B) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F), requirements applicable to notice and opportunity 
for response to such delay are specified in section 628a(c)(3) of this 
title.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1407 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 14502 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 14502a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 14502a.>>  Special selection review 
                      boards

    ``(a) In General.--(1) <<NOTE: Determination. Recommenda- tions.>>  
If the Secretary of the military department concerned determines that a 
person recommended by a promotion board for promotion to a grade at or 
below the grade of major general or rear admiral in the Navy is the 
subject of credible information of an adverse nature, including any 
substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described in section 
14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was not furnished to the promotion 
board during its consideration of the person for promotion as otherwise 
required by such section, the Secretary shall convene a special 
selection review board under this section to review the person and 
recommend whether the recommendation for promotion of the person should 
be sustained.

    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of the person 
is subject to review under this section by a special selection review 
board convened under this section, the name of the person--
            ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly released on the 
        list of officers recommended for promotion by the promotion 
        board recommending the promotion of the person; and
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of Defense, 
        the President, or the Senate, as applicable, or included on a 
        promotion list under section 14308(a) of this title.

    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board convened 
under this section shall be convened in accordance with the provisions 
of section 14502(b)(2) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under this section 
may review such number of persons, and recommendations for promotion of 
such persons, as the Secretary of the military department concerned 
shall specify in convening such special selection review board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person and 
recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of the person 
should be sustained under this section, a special selection review board 
convened under this section shall be furnished and consider the 
following:
            ``(A) The record and information concerning the person 
        furnished in accordance with section 14107(a)(2) of this title 
        to the promotion board that recommended the person for 
        promotion.
            ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature on the 
        person, including any substantiated adverse finding or

[[Page 134 STAT. 3570]]

        conclusion from an officially documented investigation or 
        inquiry described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title.

    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection review 
board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the standards and 
procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of section 14107(a) of this 
title applicable to the furnishing of information described in paragraph 
(3)(A) of such section to promotion boards in accordance with that 
section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on person described in paragraph (1)(B) 
is furnished to a special selection review board for purposes of this 
section, the Secretary of the military department concerned shall ensure 
that--
            ``(i) such information is made available to the person; and
            ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the person is 
        afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit comments on such 
        information to the special selection review board before its 
        review of the person and the recommendation for promotion of the 
        person under this section.

    ``(B) <<NOTE: Classified information. Summary.>>  If information on 
an officer described in paragraph (1)(B) is not made available to the 
person as otherwise required by subparagraph (A)(i) due to the 
classification status of such information, the person shall, to the 
maximum extent practicable, be furnished a summary of such information 
appropriate to the person's authorization for access to classified 
information.

    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information is not 
required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
            ``(I) such information was made available to the person in 
        connection with the furnishing of such information under section 
        14107(a) of this title to the promotion board that recommended 
        the promotion of the person subject to review under this 
        section; and
            ``(II) the person submitted comments on such information to 
        that promotion board.

    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in clause 
(i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection review board.
    ``(D) <<NOTE: Waiver authority.>>  A person may waive either or both 
of the following:
            ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special selection 
        review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).

    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and information 
on a person under this section, the special selection review board shall 
compare such record and information with an appropriate sampling of the 
records of those officers of the same competitive category who were 
recommended for promotion by the promotion board that recommended the 
person for promotion, and an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers who were considered by and not recommended for promotion 
by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a special 
selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in a manner that 
does not indicate or disclose the person or persons for whom the special 
selection review board was convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for promotion of a 
person should be sustained under this section, a special selection 
review board shall, to the greatest extent practicable, apply

[[Page 134 STAT. 3571]]

standards used by the promotion board that recommended the person for 
promotion.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The recommendation for promotion of 
a person may be sustained under this section only if the special 
selection review board determines that the person--
            ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the special 
        selection review board as better qualified for promotion than 
        the sample officer highest on the order of merit list who was 
        considered by and not recommended for promotion by the promotion 
        board concerned; and
            ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion to those 
        sample officers who were recommended for promotion by that 
        promotion board.

    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be sustained 
under this section only by a vote of a majority of the members of the 
special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain a 
recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, the person 
shall be considered to have failed of selection for promotion.
    ``(e) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  Reports.--(1) Each special selection 
review board convened under this section shall submit to the Secretary 
of the military department concerned a written report, signed by each 
member of the board, containing the name of each person whose 
recommendation for promotion it recommends for sustainment and 
certifying that the board has carefully considered the record and 
information of each person whose name was referred to it.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  The provisions of sections 14109(c), 
14110, and 14111 of this title apply to the report and proceedings of a 
special selection review board convened under this section in the same 
manner as they apply to the report and proceedings of a promotion board 
convened under section 14101(a) of this title.

    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) <<NOTE: President.>>  If the 
report of a special selection review board convened under this section 
recommends the sustainment of the recommendation for promotion to the 
next higher grade of a person whose name was referred to it for review 
under this section, and the President approves the report, the person 
shall, as soon as practicable, be appointed to that grade in accordance 
with section 14308 of this title.

    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have the same 
date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and allowances of that 
grade, and the same position on the reserve active-status list as the 
person would have had pursuant to the original recommendation for 
promotion of the promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe 
regulations to carry out this section. <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Such 
regulations shall apply uniformly across the military departments.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Approval.>>  Any regulation prescribed by the 
Secretary of a military department to supplement the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to paragraph (1) may not take effect without the 
approval of the Secretary of Defense, in writing.

    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term `promotion 
board 'means a selection board convened by the Secretary of a military 
department under section 14101(a) of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1407 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 14501 
        prec.>>  is amended by inserting

[[Page 134 STAT. 3572]]

        after the item relating to section 14502 the following new item:

``14502a. Special selection review boards.''.

            (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 14311 of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by adding at the end the 
                      following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Secretary of the 
        military department concerned determines that credible 
        information of adverse nature, including a substantiated adverse 
        finding or conclusion described in section 14107(a)(3)(A) of 
        this title, with respect to the officer will result in the 
        convening of a special selection review board under section 
        14502a of this title to review the officer and recommend whether 
        the recommendation for promotion of the officer should be 
        sustained.''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following new 
                      paragraph:

    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant 
to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for promotion is sustained, 
authorities for the promotion of the officer are specified in section 
14502a(f) of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by adding at the end the 
                following new paragraph:

    ``(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), in the case of an 
officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant to subsection (a)(1)(F), 
requirements applicable to notice and opportunity for response to such 
delay are specified in section 14502a(c)(3) of this title.''.
    (c) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on Regular 
Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--
            (1) Extension of requirements to space force regular 
        officers.--Subparagraph (B)(i) of section 615(a)(3) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``or, in the case of 
        the Navy, lieutenant'' and inserting ``, in the case of the 
        Navy, lieutenant, or in the case of the Space Force, the 
        equivalent grade''.
            (2) Satisfaction of requirements through special selection 
        review boards.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
        end the following new subparagraph:

    ``(D) With respect to the consideration of an officer for promotion 
to a grade at or below major general, in the case of the Navy, rear 
admiral, or, in the case of the Space Force, the equivalent grade, the 
requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (C) may be met through the 
convening and actions of a special selection review board with respect 
to the officer under section 628a of this title.''.
            (3) Delayed applicability of requirements to boards for 
        promotion of officers to non-general and flag officer grades.--
        Subsection (c) of section 502 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
        Stat. 1344) <<NOTE: 10 USC 615 note.>>  is amended to read as 
        follows:

    ``(c) Effective Date and Applicability.--
            ``(1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this section 
        shall take effect on December 20, 2019, and shall, except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), apply with respect to the proceedings 
        of promotion selection boards convened under section 611(a) of 
        title 10, United States Code, after that date.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3573]]

            ``(2) Delayed applicability for boards for promotion to non-
        general and flag officer grades.--The amendments made this 
        section shall apply with respect to the proceedings of promotion 
        selection boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
        United States Code, for consideration of officers for promotion 
        to a grade below the grade of brigadier general or, in the case 
        of the Navy, rear admiral (lower half), only if such boards are 
        so convened after January 1, 2021.''.

    (d) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on Reserve 
Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14107(a)(3) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph (1), by 
        striking ``colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, captain'' and 
        inserting ``lieutenant colonel, or, in the case of the Navy, 
        commander''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraphs

    ``(B) The standards and procedures referred to in subparagraph (A) 
shall require the furnishing to the selection board, and to each 
individual member of the board, the information described in that 
subparagraph with regard to an officer in a grade specified in that 
subparagraph at each stage or phase of the selection board, concurrent 
with the screening, rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or other 
consideration by the board or member of the official military personnel 
file of the officer, or of the officer.
    ``(C) With respect to the consideration of an officer for promotion 
to a grade at or below major general or, in the Navy, rear admiral, the 
requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (B) may be met through the 
convening and actions of a special selection board with respect to the 
officer under section 14502a of this title.''.
SEC. 506. NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSIDERATION FOR PROMOTION 
                        UNDER ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY.

    Section 649c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Inapplicability of Requirement Relating to Opportunities for 
Consideration for Promotion.--Section 645(1)(A)(i)(I) of this title 
shall not apply to the promotion of officers described in subsection (a) 
to the extent that such section is inconsistent with a number of 
opportunities for promotion specified pursuant to section 649d of this 
title.''.
SEC. 507. MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE.

    (a) General Rule.--Subsection (a) of section 1251 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or Marine Corps,'' and inserting ``Marine 
        Corps, or Space Force''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or separated, as specified in subsection 
        (e),'' after ``shall be retired''.

    (b) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Health Professions 
Officers.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
        Separation'' after ``Retirement''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or separation'' after 
        ``retirement''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3574]]

    (c) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Other Officers.--Subsection 
(c) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``of Chaplains'' 
        and inserting ``or Separation of Other Officers'';
            (2) by inserting ``or separation'' after ``retirement''; and
            (3) by striking ``an officer who is appointed or designated 
        as a chaplain'' and inserting ``any officer other than a health 
        professions officer described in subsection (b)(2)''.

    (d) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable Service.--
Such section is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(e) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--(1) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  The following rules shall apply 
to a regular commissioned officer who is to be retired or separated 
under subsection (a):
            ``(A) If the officer has at least 6 but fewer than 20 years 
        of creditable service, the officer shall be separated, with 
        separation pay computed under section 1174(d)(1) of this title.
            ``(B) If the officer has fewer than 6 years of creditable 
        service, the officer shall be separated under subsection (a).

    ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the case of a regular 
commissioned officer who was added to the retired list before the date 
of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the officer shall be retired, 
with retired pay computed under section 1401 of this title.''.
SEC. 508. CLARIFYING AND IMPROVING RESTATEMENT OF RULES ON THE 
                        RETIRED GRADE OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

    (a) Restatement.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 69 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by striking section 1370 and inserting the following 
        new sections:
``Sec. 1370. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1370.>>  Regular commissioned officers

    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade in Which Served Satisfactorily.--
            ``(1) In general.--Unless entitled to a different retired 
        grade under some other provision of law, a commissioned officer 
        (other than a commissioned warrant officer) of the Army, Navy, 
        Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force who retires under any 
        provision of law other than chapter 61 or 1223 of this title 
        shall be retired in the highest permanent grade in which such 
        officer is determined to have served on active duty 
        satisfactorily.
            ``(2) Determination of satisfactory service.--The 
        determination of satisfactory service of an officer in a grade 
        under paragraph (1) shall be made as follows:
                    ``(A) By the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned, if the officer is serving in a grade at or 
                below the grade of major general, rear admiral in the 
                Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force.
                    ``(B) By the Secretary of Defense, if the officer is 
                serving or has served in a grade above the grade of 
                major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3575]]

            ``(3) Effect of misconduct in lower grade in 
        determination.--If the Secretary of a military department or the 
        Secretary of Defense, as applicable, determines that an officer 
        committed misconduct in a lower grade than the retirement grade 
        otherwise provided for the officer by this section--
                    ``(A) such Secretary may deem the officer to have 
                not served satisfactorily in any grade equal to or 
                higher than such lower grade for purposes of determining 
                the retirement grade of the officer under this section; 
                and
                    ``(B) the grade next lower to such lower grade shall 
                be the retired grade of the officer under this section.
            ``(4) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Nature of retirement of 
        certain reserve officers and officers in temporary grades.--A 
        reserve officer, or an officer appointed to a position under 
        section 601 of this title, who is notified that the officer will 
        be released from active duty without the officer's consent and 
        thereafter requests retirement under section 7311, 8323, or 9311 
        of this title and is retired pursuant to that request is 
        considered for purposes of this section to have been retired 
        involuntarily.
            ``(5) Nature of retirement of certain removed officers.--An 
        officer retired pursuant to section 1186(b)(1) of this title is 
        considered for purposes of this section to have been retired 
        voluntarily.

    ``(b) Retirement of Officers Retiring Voluntarily.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Service-in-grade 
        requirement.--In order to be eligible for voluntary retirement 
        under any provision of this title in a grade above the grade of 
        captain in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, lieutenant in 
        the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, a 
        commissioned officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
        or Space Force must have served on active duty in that grade for 
        a period of not less than three years, except that--
                    ``(A) subject to subsection (c), the Secretary of 
                Defense may reduce such period to a period of not less 
                than two years for any officer; and
                    ``(B) in the case of an officer to be retired in a 
                grade at or below the grade of major general in the 
                Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
                Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                Secretary of Defense may authorize the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned to reduce such period to a 
                period of not less than two years.
            ``(2) Limitation on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense in subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) may 
        not be delegated. The authority of the Secretary of a military 
        department in subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1), as delegated to 
        such Secretary pursuant to such subparagraph, may not be further 
        delegated.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: President.>>  Waiver of requirement.--Subject 
        to subsection (c), the President may waive the application of 
        the service-in-grade requirement in paragraph (1) to officers 
        covered by that paragraph in individual cases involving extreme 
        hardship or exceptional or unusual circumstances. The authority 
        of the President under this paragraph may not be delegated.
            ``(4) Limitation on reduction or waiver of requirement for 
        officers under investigation or pending misconduct.--In the case 
        of an officer to be retired in a grade

[[Page 134 STAT. 3576]]

        above the grade of colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
        Corps, captain in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space 
        Force, the service-in-grade requirement in paragraph (1) may not 
        be reduced pursuant to that paragraph, or waived pursuant to 
        paragraph (3), while the officer is under investigation for 
        alleged misconduct or while there is pending the disposition of 
        an adverse personnel action against the officer.
            ``(5) Grade and fiscal year limitations on reduction or 
        waiver of requirements.--The aggregate number of members of an 
        armed force in a grade for whom reductions are made under 
        paragraph (1), and waivers are made under paragraph (3), in a 
        fiscal year may not exceed--
                    ``(A) in the case of officers to be retired in a 
                grade at or below the grade of major in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, lieutenant commander in the 
                Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                number equal to two percent of the authorized active-
                duty strength for that fiscal year for officers of that 
                armed force in that grade;
                    ``(B) in the case of officers to be retired in the 
                grade of lieutenant colonel or colonel in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, commander or captain in the 
                Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                number equal to four percent of the authorized active-
                duty strength for that fiscal year for officers of that 
                armed force in the applicable grade; or
                    ``(C) in the case of officers to be retired in the 
                grade of brigadier general or major general in the Army, 
                Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral (lower half) or 
                rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the 
                Space Force, the number equal to 10 percent of the 
                authorized active-duty strength for that fiscal year for 
                officers of that armed force in the applicable grade.
            ``(6) <<NOTE: President. Deadline.>>  Notice to congress on 
        reduction or waiver of requirements for general, flag, and 
        equivalent officer grades.--In the case of an officer to be 
        retired in a grade that is a general or flag officer grade, or 
        an equivalent grade in the Space Force, who is eligible to 
        retire in that grade only by reason of an exercise of the 
        authority in paragraph (1) to reduce the service-in-grade 
        requirement in that paragraph, or the authority in paragraph (3) 
        to waive that requirement, the Secretary of Defense or the 
        President, as applicable, shall, not later than 60 days prior to 
        the date on which the officer will be retired in that grade, 
        notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives of the exercise of the applicable 
        authority with respect to that officer.
            ``(7) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Retirement in next lowest 
        grade for officers not meeting requirement.--An officer 
        described in paragraph (1) whose length of service in the 
        highest grade held by the officer while on active duty does not 
        meet the period of the service-in-grade requirement applicable 
        to the officer under this subsection shall, subject to 
        subsection (c), be retired in the next lower grade in which the 
        officer served on active duty satisfactorily, as determined by 
        the Secretary of the military department concerned or the 
        Secretary of Defense, as applicable.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3577]]

    ``(c) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  In general.--An officer of 
        the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force who is 
        serving or has served in a position of importance and 
        responsibility designated by the President to carry the grade of 
        lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
        Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent 
        grade in the Space Force under section 601 of this title may be 
        retired in such grade under subsection (a) only after the 
        Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to the President and 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives that the officer served on active duty 
        satisfactorily in such grade.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to an 
        officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
            ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
        certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  be submitted by the 
                Secretary of Defense such that it is received by the 
                President and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives not later than 
                60 days prior to the date on which the officer will be 
                retired in the grade concerned;
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Records.>>  include an up-to-date copy 
                of the military biography of the officer; and
                    ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to 
                whether or not potentially adverse, adverse, or 
                reportable information regarding the officer was 
                considered by the Secretary in making the certification.
            ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
        officer under paragraph (1) to whom a reduction in the service-
        in-grade requirement under subsection (b)(1) or waiver under 
        subsection (b)(3) applies, the requirement for notification 
        under subsection (b)(6) is satisfied if the notification is 
        included in the certification submitted by the Secretary of 
        Defense under paragraph (1).

    ``(d) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for Officers 
Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
            ``(1) In general.--When an officer serving in a grade at or 
        below the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
        in the Space Force is under investigation for alleged misconduct 
        or pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action at the 
        time of retirement, the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned may--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  conditionally 
                determine the highest permanent grade of satisfactory 
                service on active duty of the officer pending completion 
                of the investigation or resolution of the personnel 
                action, as applicable; and
                    ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, 
                subject to subsection (e).
            ``(2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--When an officer 
        described by subsection (c)(1) is under investigation for 
        alleged misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse 
        personnel action at the time of retirement, the Secretary of 
        Defense may--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3578]]

                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  conditionally 
                determine the highest permanent grade of satisfactory 
                service on active duty of the officer, pending 
                completion of the investigation or personnel action, as 
                applicable; and
                    ``(B) retire the officer in that conditional grade, 
                subject to subsection (e).
            ``(3) Reduction or waiver of service-in-grade requirement 
        prohibited for general, flag, and equivalent officer grades.--In 
        conditionally determining the retirement grade of an officer 
        under paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of this subsection to be a 
        grade above the grade of colonel in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, captain in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in 
        the Space Force, the service-in-grade requirement in subsection 
        (b)(1) may not be reduced pursuant to subsection (b)(1) or 
        waived pursuant to subsection (b)(3).
            ``(4) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of a military department under paragraph (1) may not 
        be delegated. The authority of the Secretary of Defense under 
        paragraph (2) may not be delegated.

    ``(e) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of Pending 
Investigation or Adverse Action.--
            ``(1) No change from conditional retirement grade.--If the 
        resolution of an investigation or personnel action with respect 
        to an officer who has been retired in a conditional retirement 
        grade pursuant to subsection (d) results in a determination that 
        the conditional retirement grade in which the officer was 
        retired will not be changed, the conditional retirement grade of 
        the officer shall, subject to paragraph (3), be the final 
        retired grade of the officer.
            ``(2) <<NOTE: Applicability.>>  Change from conditional 
        retirement grade.--If the resolution of an investigation or 
        personnel action with respect to an officer who has been retired 
        in a conditional retirement grade pursuant to subsection (d) 
        results in a determination that the conditional retirement grade 
        in which the officer was retired should be changed, the changed 
        retirement grade shall be the final retired grade of the officer 
        under this section, except that if the final retirement grade 
        provided for an officer pursuant to this paragraph is the grade 
        of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air Force, or 
        Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the Navy, or an 
        equivalent grade in the Space Force, the requirements in 
        subsection (c) shall apply in connection with the retirement of 
        the officer in such final retirement grade.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Effective dates.>>  Recalculation of retired 
        pay.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the final retired grade of an 
                officer is as a result of a change under paragraph (2), 
                the retired pay of the officer under chapter 71 of this 
                title shall be recalculated accordingly, with any 
                modification of the retired pay of the officer to go 
                into effect as of the date of the retirement of the 
                officer.
                    ``(B) Payment of higher amount for period of 
                conditional retirement grade.--If the recalculation of 
                the retired pay of an officer results in an increase in 
                retired pay, the officer shall be paid the amount by 
                which such increased retired pay exceeded the amount of 
                retired pay paid the officer for retirement in the 
                officer's conditional grade during the period beginning 
                on the date of

[[Page 134 STAT. 3579]]

                the retirement of the officer in such conditional grade 
                and ending on the effective date of the change of the 
                officer's retired grade. For an officer whose retired 
                grade is determined pursuant to subsection (c), the 
                effective date of the change of the officer's retired 
                grade for purposes of this subparagraph shall be the 
                date that is 60 days after the date on which the 
                Secretary of Defense submits to the Committees on Armed 
                Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                the certification required by subsection (c) in 
                connection with the retired grade of the officer.
                    ``(C) Recoupment of overage during period of 
                conditional retirement grade.--If the recalculation of 
                the retired pay of an officer results in a decrease in 
                retired pay, there shall be recouped from the officer 
                the amount by which the amount of retired pay paid the 
                officer for retirement in the officer's conditional 
                grade exceeded such decreased retired pay during the 
                period beginning on the date of the retirement of the 
                officer in such conditional grade and ending on the 
                effective date of the change of the officer's retired 
                grade.

    ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
        authorized by subsection (d), a determination of the retired 
        grade of an officer pursuant to this section is administratively 
        final on the day the officer is retired, and may not be 
        reopened, except as provided in paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Reopening.--A final determination of the retired grade 
        of an officer may be reopened as follows:
                    ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the 
                officer was procured by fraud.
                    ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after 
                the retirement that could have led to determination of a 
                different retired grade under this section if known by 
                competent authority at the time of retirement.
                    ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in 
                the determination of the retired grade.
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  If the applicable 
                Secretary determines, pursuant to regulations prescribed 
                by the Secretary of Defense, that good cause exists to 
                reopen the determination of retired grade.
            ``(3) Applicable secretary.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the applicable Secretary for purposes of a 
        determination or action specified in this subsection is--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of the military department 
                concerned, in the case of an officer retired in a grade 
                at or below the grade of major general in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force; or
                    ``(B) the Secretary of Defense, in the case of an 
                officer retired in a grade of lieutenant general or 
                general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice 
                admiral or admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade 
                in the Space Force.
            ``(4) Notice and limitation.--If a final determination of 
        the retired grade of an officer is reopened in accordance with 
        paragraph (2), the applicable Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3580]]

                    ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the 
                retired grade of the officer until the officer has had a 
                reasonable opportunity to respond regarding the basis 
                for the reopening of the officer's retired grade.
            ``(5) Additional notice on reopening for officers retired in 
        o-9 and o-10 grades.--If the determination of the retired grade 
        of an officer whose retired grade was provided for pursuant to 
        subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary of Defense shall also 
        notify the President and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives.
            ``(6) Manner of making of change.--If the retired grade of 
        an officer is proposed to be changed through the reopening of 
        the final determination of an officer's retired grade under this 
        subsection, the change in grade shall be made--
                    ``(A) in the case of an officer whose retired grade 
                is to be changed to a grade at or below the grade of 
                major general in the Army, Air Force or Marine Corps, 
                rear admiral in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the 
                Space Force, in accordance with subsections (a) and 
                (b)--
                          ``(i) by the Secretary of Defense (who may 
                      delegate such authority only as authorized by 
                      clause (ii)); or
                          ``(ii) if authorized by the Secretary of 
                      Defense, by the Secretary of the military 
                      department concerned (who may not further delegate 
                      such authority);
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: President.>>  in the case of an 
                officer whose retired grade is to be changed to the 
                grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the 
                Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, by the 
                President, by and with the advice and consent of the 
                Senate.
            ``(7) Recalculation of retired pay.--If the final retired 
        grade of an officer is changed through the reopening of the 
        officer's retired grade under this subsection, the retired pay 
        of the officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
        recalculated. Any modification <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  of the 
        retired pay of the officer as a result of the change shall go 
        into effect on the effective date of the change of the officer's 
        retired grade, and the officer shall not be entitled or subject 
        to any changed amount of retired pay for any period before such 
        effective date. An officer whose retired grade is changed as 
        provided in paragraph (6)(B) shall not be entitled or subject to 
        a change in retired pay for any period before the date on which 
        the Senate provides advice and consent for the retirement of the 
        officer in such grade.

    ``(g) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, the term 
`highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below the grade of major 
general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force.
``Sec. 1370a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1370a.>>  Officers entitled to 
                    retired pay for non-regular service

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Retirement in Highest Grade Held 
Satisfactorily.--Unless entitled to a different grade, or to credit for 
satisfactory service in a different grade under some other provision of 
law, a person who is entitled to retired pay under chapter 1223 of this 
title shall, upon application under section 12731 of this title,

[[Page 134 STAT. 3581]]

be credited with satisfactory service in the highest permanent grade in 
which that person served satisfactorily at any time in the armed forces, 
as determined by the Secretary of the military department concerned in 
accordance with this section.

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Service-in-grade Requirement for 
Officers in Grades Below O-5.--In order to be credited with satisfactory 
service in an officer grade (other than a warrant officer grade) below 
the grade of lieutenant colonel or commander (in the case of the Navy), 
a person covered by subsection (a) must have served satisfactorily in 
that grade (as determined by the Secretary of the military department 
concerned) as a reserve commissioned officer in an active status, or in 
a retired status on active duty, for not less than six months.

    ``(c) <<NOTE: Time periods.>>  Service-in-grade Requirement for 
Offices in Grades Above O-4.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  In general.--In order to be 
        credited with satisfactory service in an officer grade above 
        major or lieutenant commander (in the case of the Navy), a 
        person covered by subsection (a) must have served satisfactorily 
        in that grade (as determined by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned) as a reserve commissioned officer in an 
        active status, or in a retired status on active duty, for not 
        less than three years.
            ``(2) Satisfaction of requirement by certain officers not 
        completing three years.--A person covered by paragraph (1) who 
        has completed at least six months of satisfactory service in 
        grade may be credited with satisfactory service in the grade in 
        which serving at the time of transfer or discharge, 
        notwithstanding failure of the person to complete three years of 
        service in that grade, if the person is transferred from an 
        active status or discharged as a reserve commissioned officer--
                    ``(A) solely due to the requirements of a 
                nondiscretionary provision of law requiring that 
                transfer or discharge due to the person's age or years 
                of service; or
                    ``(B) because the person no longer meets the 
                qualifications for membership in the Ready Reserve 
                solely because of a physical disability, as determined 
                in accordance with chapter 61 of this title, and at the 
                time of such transfer or discharge the person (pursuant 
                to section 12731b of this title or otherwise) meets the 
                service requirements established by section 12731(a) of 
                this title for eligibility for retired pay under chapter 
                1223 of this title, unless the disability is described 
                in section 12731b of this title.
            ``(3) Reduction in service-in-grade requirements.--
                    ``(A) Officers in grades below general and flag 
                officer grades.--In the case of a person to be retired 
                in a grade below brigadier general or rear admiral 
                (lower half) in the Navy, the Secretary of Defense may 
                authorize the Secretary of a military department to 
                reduce, subject to subparagraph (B), the three-year 
                period of service-in-grade required by paragraph (1) to 
                a period not less than two years. The authority of the 
                Secretary of a military department under this 
                subparagraph may not be delegated.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The number of reserve 
                commissioned officers of an armed force in the same 
                grade for whom a reduction is made under subparagraph 
                (A) during any fiscal year in the period of service-in-
                grade otherwise required by paragraph (1) may not exceed 
                the number

[[Page 134 STAT. 3582]]

                equal to 2 percent of the strength authorized for that 
                fiscal year for reserve commissioned officers of that 
                armed force in an active status in that grade.
                    ``(C) Officers in general and flag officers 
                grades.--The Secretary of Defense may reduce the three-
                year period of service-in-grade required by paragraph 
                (1) to a period not less than two years for any person, 
                including a person who, upon transfer to the Retired 
                Reserve or discharge, is to be credited with 
                satisfactory service in a general or flag officer grade 
                under that paragraph. The authority of the Secretary of 
                Defense under this subparagraph may not be delegated.
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Notice to congress on 
                reduction in service-in-grade requirements for general 
                and flag officer grades.--In the case of a person to be 
                credited under this section with satisfactory service in 
                a grade that is a general or flag officer grade who is 
                eligible to be credited with such service in that grade 
                only by reason of an exercise of authority in 
                subparagraph (C) to reduce the three-year service-in-
                grade requirement otherwise applicable under paragraph 
                (1), the Secretary of Defense shall, not later than 60 
                days prior to the date on which the person will be 
                credited with such satisfactory service in that grade, 
                notify the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
                and the House of Representatives of the exercise of 
                authority in subparagraph (C) with respect to that 
                person.
            ``(4) Officers serving in grades above o-6 involuntarily 
        transferred from active status.--A person covered by paragraph 
        (1) who has completed at least six months of satisfactory 
        service in a grade above colonel or (in the case of the Navy) 
        captain and, while serving in an active status in such grade, is 
        involuntarily transferred (other than for cause) from active 
        status may be credited with satisfactory service in the grade in 
        which serving at the time of such transfer, notwithstanding 
        failure of the person to complete three years of service in that 
        grade.
            ``(5) Adjutants and assistant adjutants general.--If a 
        person covered by paragraph (1) has completed at least six 
        months of satisfactory service in grade, the person was serving 
        in that grade while serving in a position of adjutant general 
        required under section 314 of title 32 or while serving in a 
        position of assistant adjutant general subordinate to such a 
        position of adjutant general, and the person has failed to 
        complete three years of service in that grade solely because the 
        person's appointment to such position has been terminated or 
        vacated as described in section 324(b) of such title, the person 
        may be credited with satisfactory service in that grade, 
        notwithstanding the failure of the person to complete three 
        years of service in that grade.
            ``(6) Officers recommended for promotion serving in certain 
        grade before promotion.--To the extent authorized by the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned, a person who, 
        after having been recommended for promotion in a report of a 
        promotion board but before being promoted to the recommended 
        grade, served in a position for which that grade is the minimum 
        authorized grade may be credited for purposes of paragraph (1) 
        as having served in that grade for the period

[[Page 134 STAT. 3583]]

        for which the person served in that position while in the next 
        lower grade. The period credited may not include any period 
        before the date on which the Senate provides advice and consent 
        for the appointment of that person in the recommended grade.
            ``(7) Officers qualified for federal recognition serving in 
        certain grade before appointment.--To the extent authorized by 
        the Secretary of the military department concerned, a person 
        who, after having been found qualified for Federal recognition 
        in a higher grade by a board under section 307 of title 32, 
        serves in a position for which that grade is the minimum 
        authorized grade and is appointed as a reserve officer in that 
        grade may be credited for the purposes of paragraph (1) as 
        having served in that grade. The period of the service for which 
        credit is afforded under the preceding sentence may be only the 
        period for which the person served in the position after the 
        Senate provides advice and consent for the appointment.
            ``(8) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Retirement in next lowest 
        grade for officers not meeting service-in-grade requirements.--A 
        person whose length of service in the highest grade held does 
        not meet the service-in-grade requirements specified in this 
        subsection shall be credited with satisfactory service in the 
        next lower grade in which that person served satisfactorily (as 
        determined by the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned) for not less than six months.

    ``(d) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            ``(1) <<NOTE: Certification.>>  In general.--A person 
        covered by this section in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine 
        Corps who is serving or has served in a position of importance 
        and responsibility designated by the President to carry the 
        grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air Force, 
        or Marine Corps, or vice admiral or admiral in the Navy under 
        section 601 of this title may be retired in such grade under 
        subsection (a) only after the Secretary of Defense certifies in 
        writing to the President and the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives that the officer 
        served satisfactorily in such grade.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense to make a certification with respect to an 
        officer under paragraph (1) may not be delegated.
            ``(3) Requirements in connection with certification.--A 
        certification with respect to an officer under paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  be submitted by the 
                Secretary of Defense such that it is received by the 
                President and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives not later than 
                60 days prior to the date on which the officer will be 
                retired in the grade concerned;
                    ``(B) <<NOTE: Records.>>  include an up-to-date copy 
                of the military biography of the officer; and
                    ``(C) include the statement of the Secretary as to 
                whether or not potentially adverse, adverse, or 
                reportable information regarding the officer was 
                considered by the Secretary in making the certification.
            ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case of an 
        officer under paragraph (1) who is eligible to be credited with 
        service in a grade only by reason of the exercise of the

[[Page 134 STAT. 3584]]

        authority in subsection (c)(3)(C) to reduce the three-year 
        service-in-grade requirement under subsection (c)(1), the 
        requirement for notification under subsection (c)(3)(D) is 
        satisfied if the notification is included in the certification 
        submitted by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph (1).

    ``(e) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for Officers Under 
Investigation for Misconduct or Pending Adverse Personnel Action.--The 
retirement grade, and retirement, of a person covered by this section 
who is under investigation for alleged misconduct or pending the 
disposition of an adverse personnel action at the time of retirement is 
as provided for by section 1370(d) of this title. In the application of 
such section 1370(d) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
`active duty' shall be deemed not to apply, and any reference to a 
provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be a 
reference to the analogous provision of this section.
    ``(f) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of Pending 
Investigation or Adverse Action.--The final retirement grade under this 
section of a person described in subsection (e) following resolution of 
the investigation or personnel action concerned is the final retirement 
grade provided for by section 1370(e) of this title. In the application 
of such section 1370(e) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be a 
reference to the analogous provision of this section. In the application 
of paragraph (3) of such section 1370e(e) for purposes of this 
subsection, the reference to `chapter 71' of this title shall be deemed 
to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
    ``(g) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional determination 
        authorized by subsection (e), a determination of the retired 
        grade of a person pursuant to this section is administratively 
        final on the day the person is retired, and may not be reopened.
            ``(2) Reopening.--A determination of the retired grade of a 
        person may be reopened in accordance with applicable provisions 
        of section 1370(f) of this title. In the application of such 
        section 1370(f) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
        to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to 
        be a reference to the analogous provision of this section. In 
        the application of paragraph (7) of such section 1370(f) for 
        purposes of this paragraph, the reference to `chapter 71 of this 
        title' shall be deemed to be a reference to `chapter 1223 of 
        this title'.

    ``(h) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, the term 
`highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below the grade of major 
general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps or rear admiral in the 
Navy.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 69 of title 10, United States 
        Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 1370 prec.>>  is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 1370 and inserting the following new 
        items:

``1370. Regular commissioned officers.
``1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service.''.

    (b) Conforming and Technical Amendments to Retired Grade Rules for 
the Armed Forces.--
            (1) Retired pay.--Title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        as follows:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3585]]

                    (A) In section 1406(b)(2), by striking ``section 
                1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 1370a''.
                    (B) In section 1407(f)(2)(B), by striking ``by 
                reason of denial of a determination or certification 
                under section 1370'' and inserting ``pursuant to section 
                1370 or 1370a''.
            (2) Army.--Section 7341 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following new subsection (a):

    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the 
Army who retires other than for physical disability is determined under 
section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the 
Army who retires other than for physical disability is determined under 
section 1370a of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the 
                      member''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``his'' and inserting ``the 
                      member's''.
            (3) Navy and marine corps.--Such title is further amended as 
        follows:
                    (A) In section 8262(a), by striking ``sections 689 
                and 1370'' and inserting ``section 689, and section 1370 
                or 1370a (as applicable),''.
                    (B) In section 8323(c), by striking ``section 1370 
                of this title'' and inserting ``section 1370 or 1370a of 
                this title, as applicable''.
            (4) Air force and space force.--Section 9341 of such title 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the 
                following new subsection (a):

    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned officer of the 
Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than for physical 
disability is determined under section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer of the Air 
Force or the Space Force who retires other than for physical disability 
is determined under section 1370a of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) by inserting ``or a Regular or Reserve of 
                      the Space Force'' after ``Air Force'';
                          (ii) by striking ``he'' and inserting ``the 
                      member''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``his'' and inserting ``the 
                      member's''.
            (5) Reserve officers.--Section 12771 of such title is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``section 
                1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 1370a of this title''; 
                and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``section 
                1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 1370a''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1370 note.>>  Other References.--In the 
determination of the retired grade of a commissioned officer of the 
Armed Forces entitled to retired pay under chapter 1223 of title 10, 
United States Code, who retires after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, any reference in a provision of law or regulation to section 1370 
of title 10, United States Code, in such determination with respect to 
such officer shall be deemed to be a reference to section 1370a of title 
10, United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3586]]

SEC. 509. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT OF REGULAR 
                        NAVY OFFICERS DESIGNATED FOR ENGINEERING 
                        DUTY, AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING DUTY, AND 
                        SPECIAL DUTY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 8137 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 815 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 8132 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 8137.
SEC. 509A. PERMANENT PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER 
                          POSITIONS.

    (a) Permanent Programs.--Section 509 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2109; 10 U.S.C. 503 note) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading of subsection (a), by striking 
        ``Pilot'';
            (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears; and
            (3) by striking subsections (d) and (e).

    (b) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
``SEC. 509. PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.''.
SEC. 509B. REVIEW OF SEAMAN TO ADMIRAL-21 PROGRAM.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall review the 
        policies and procedures for the Seaman to Admiral-21 program in 
        effect during fiscal years 2010 through 2014.
            (2) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Elements.--The elements of 
        the review shall include the following:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A determination whether 
                officer candidates selected for the Seaman to Admiral-21 
                program after October 28, 2009, and before 30 September 
                2014, were notified or otherwise informed that they 
                would not receive retirement credit for the months of 
                active service used in pursuit of a baccalaureate-level 
                degree under the program following completion of the 
                program and upon appointment to the grade of ensign in 
                the Navy.
                    (B) An explanation of how and when the Navy 
                implemented the requirements of former section 6328(c) 
                of title 10, United States Code (currently section 
                8328(c) of that title) for Seaman to Admiral-21 
                participants.
                    (C) The number of personnel who were selected for 
                the Seaman to Admiral-21 program, completed a 
                baccalaureate-level degree, and were appointed as an 
                ensign in the Navy under the program from fiscal years 
                2010 through 2014.
                    (D) A determination whether the personnel described 
                in subparagraph (C) should be eligible for retirement 
                credit for the months of active service spent in pursuit 
                of a baccalaureate-level degree.

    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
results of the review under subsection (a).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3587]]

    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out this 
section by not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO ACTIVE 
                        DUTY IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY 
                        ASSIGNMENTS DURING WAR OR NATIONAL 
                        EMERGENCY.

    Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):

    ``(g) Exceptions During Periods of War or National Emergency.--The 
limitations in subsections (c) and (f) shall not apply during a time of 
war or of national emergency declared by Congress or the President.''.
SEC. 512. EXPANSION OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 2031(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting after ``service to the United States'' the following: 
``(including an introduction to service opportunities in military, 
national, and public service)''.
SEC. 513. GRANTS TO SUPPORT STEM EDUCATION IN THE JUNIOR RESERVE 
                        OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) Program Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2036. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2036.>>  Grants to support science, 
                  technology, engineering, and mathematics 
                  education

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Authority.--The Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretary of Education, may carry out a program to 
make grants to eligible entities to assist such entities in providing 
education in covered subjects to students in the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps.

    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out a program under subsection (a), 
the Secretary may coordinate with the following:
            ``(1) The Director of the National Science Foundation.
            ``(2) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and 
        Space Administration.
            ``(3) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The heads of such other 
        Federal, State, and local government entities the Secretary of 
        Defense determines to be appropriate.

    ``(c) Activities.--Activities funded with grants under this section 
may include the following:
            ``(1) Training and other support for instructors to teach 
        courses in covered subjects to students.
            ``(2) The acquisition of materials, hardware, and software 
        necessary for the instruction of covered subjects.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3588]]

            ``(3) Activities that improve the quality of educational 
        materials, training opportunities, and curricula available to 
        students and instructors in covered subjects.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, demonstrations, 
        mentoring programs, and informal education in covered subjects 
        for students and instructors.
            ``(5) Students' pursuit of certifications in covered 
        subjects.

    ``(d) Preference.--In making any grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities that are eligible 
for assistance under part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary 
Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.).
    ``(e) Evaluations.--In carrying out a program under this section, 
the Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics and internal and 
external assessments to evaluate the merits and benefits of the 
activities funded with grants under this section with respect to the 
needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(f) Authorities.--In carrying out a program under this section, 
the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, make use of the 
authorities under chapter 111 and sections 2601 and 2605 of this title, 
and other authorities the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `eligible entity' means a local education 
        agency that hosts a unit of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps.
            ``(2) The term `covered subjects' means--
                    ``(A) science;
                    ``(B) technology;
                    ``(C) engineering;
                    ``(D) mathematics;
                    ``(E) computer science;
                    ``(F) computational thinking;
                    ``(G) artificial intelligence;
                    ``(H) machine learning;
                    ``(I) data science;
                    ``(J) cybersecurity;
                    ``(K) robotics;
                    ``(L) health sciences; and
                    ``(M) other subjects determined by the Secretary of 
                Defense to be related to science, technology, 
                engineering, and mathematics.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 102 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2031 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
           mathematics education.''.

    (b) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives 
a report on any activities carried out under section 2036 of title 10, 
United States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
SEC. 514. PERMANENT SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR 
                        THE RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (h).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3589]]

SEC. 515. MODIFICATION OF EDUCATION LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Modification of Maximum Repayment Amount.--Section 16301(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``$500'' and 
inserting ``$1,000''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 16301 note.>>  Effective Date and 
Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect 
on the date of the enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to 
loan repayment under section 16301 of title 10, United States Code, for 
eligible years of service completed on or after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 516. INCLUSION OF DRILL OR TRAINING FOREGONE DUE TO EMERGENCY 
                        TRAVEL OR DUTY RESTRICTIONS IN 
                        COMPUTATIONS OF ENTITLEMENT TO AND AMOUNTS 
                        OF RETIRED PAY FOR NON-REGULAR SERVICE.

    (a) Entitlement to Retired Pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(F)(i) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  Subject to 
                regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense or 
                the Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to 
                matters concerning the Coast Guard when it is not 
                operating as a service in the Department of the Navy, 
                one point for each day of active service or one point 
                for each drill or period of equivalent instruction that 
                was prescribed by the Secretary concerned to be 
                performed during the covered emergency period, if such 
                person was prevented from performing such duty due to 
                travel or duty restrictions imposed by the President, 
                the Secretary of Defense, or the Secretary of Homeland 
                Security with respect to the Coast Guard.
                    ``(ii) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  A person may not be 
                credited more than 35 points in a one-year period under 
                this subparagraph.
                    ``(iii) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this subparagraph, 
                the term `covered emergency period' means the period 
                beginning on March 1, 2020, and ending on the day that 
                is 60 days after the date on which the travel or duty 
                restriction applicable to the person concerned is 
                lifted.''; and
            (2) in the matter following subparagraph (F), as inserted by 
        paragraph (1), by striking ``and (E)'' and inserting ``(E), and 
        (F)''.

    (b) Amount of Retired Pay.--Section 12733(3) of such title is 
amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking ``or (D)'' 
and inserting ``(D), or (F)''.
    (c) Reporting.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after the date 
        on which the covered emergency period, as defined in 
        subparagraph (F) of section 12732(a)(2) of such title, as added 
        by subsection (a), ends, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report on the use of 
        the authority under such subparagraph.
            (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection shall 
        include, with respect to each reserve component, the following:
                    (A) The number of individuals granted credit as a 
                result of a training cancellation.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3590]]

                    (B) The number of individuals granted credit as a 
                result of another extenuating circumstance.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Publication.--Not later than 30 
        days after submitting the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  
                publish the report on a publicly accessible website of 
                the Department of Defense; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Data.>>  ensure that any data in the 
                report is made available in a machine-readable format 
                that is downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
SEC. 517. <<NOTE: 10 USC 12301 note.>>  QUARANTINE LODGING FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS WHO 
                        PERFORM CERTAIN SERVICE IN RESPONSE TO THE 
                        COVID-19 EMERGENCY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In General.--The Secretary of Defense 
may provide, to a member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces 
who performs a period of covered service, housing for not fewer than 14 
days immediately after the end of such period of covered service.

    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``active service'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``covered service'' means active service 
        performed in response to the covered national emergency.
            (3) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
        national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the President 
        under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with 
        respect to COVID-19.
SEC. 518. <<NOTE: 10 USC 10101 note.>>  DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT 
                        PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE 
                        COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to enhance the efforts of the Department of Defense to provide 
job placement assistance and related employment services directly to 
members of the National Guard and Reserves in reserve active-status.
    (b) Administration.--Any such pilot program shall be offered to, and 
administered by, the adjutants general appointed under section 314 of 
title 32, United States Code, or other officials in the States concerned 
designated by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
    (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the provision of 
funds under this section to a State to support the operation of the 
pilot program in that State, the State must agree to contribute funds, 
derived from non-Federal sources, in an amount equal to at least 50 
percent of the funds necessary for the operation of the pilot program in 
that State.
    (d) Development.--In developing any such pilot program, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) incorporate elements of State direct employment programs 
        for members of the reserve components; and
            (2) use resources provided to members of the Armed Forces 
        with civilian training opportunities through the SkillBridge 
        transition training program administered by the Department of 
        Defense.

    (e) Direct Employment Program Model.--Any such pilot program shall 
use a job placement program model that focuses on working one-on-one 
with eligible members to cost-effectively provide job placement 
services, including--
            (1) identifying unemployed and underemployed individuals;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3591]]

            (2) job matching services;
            (3) resume editing;
            (4) interview preparation; and
            (5) post-employment follow up.

    (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome metrics to 
evaluate the success of any such pilot program.
    (g) Reporting.--
            (1) Report required.--If the Secretary carries out the pilot 
        Program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report describing the results 
        of the pilot program not later than March 1, 
        2022. <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  The Secretary shall prepare the 
        report in coordination with the Chief of the National Guard 
        Bureau.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--A report under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot program, 
                including the number of members of the reserve 
                components of the Armed Forces hired and the cost-per-
                placement of participating members.
                    (B) An assessment of the effects of the pilot 
                program and increased reserve component employment on 
                the readiness of members of the reserve components and 
                on the retention of members.
                    (C) A comparison of the pilot program to other 
                programs conducted by the Department of Defense to 
                provide unemployment or underemployment support to 
                members of the reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
                including the best practices developed through and used 
                in such programs.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of Defense 
                determines appropriate.

    (h) Duration; Extension.--
            (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the authority to carry out the 
        pilot program expires on September 30, 2024.
            (2) The Secretary may elect to extend the pilot program for 
        not more than two additional fiscal years.
SEC. 519. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2101 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED 
                        IN CONNECTION WITH SROTC UNITS AND CSPI 
                        PROGRAMS AT HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES 
                        AND UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY 
                        INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Pilot Programs Required.--The Secretary 
of Defense may carry out two pilot programs as follows:
            (1) A pilot program, with elements as provided for in 
        subsection (c), at covered institutions in order to assess the 
        feasibility and advisability of mechanisms to reduce barriers to 
        participation in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at 
        such institutions by creating partnerships between satellite or 
        extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at such 
        institutions and covered military installations.
            (2) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In consultation with the 
        Secretary of Homeland Security, a pilot program, with elements 
        as provided for in subsection (d), in order to assess the 
        feasibility and advisability of the provision of financial 
        assistance to members of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps, and members of the Coast

[[Page 134 STAT. 3592]]

        Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative, at covered 
        institutions for participation in flight training.

    (b) Duration.--The duration of each pilot program under subsection 
(a) may not exceed 5 years.
    (c) Pilot Program on Partnerships Between Satellite or Extension 
SROTC Units and Covered Military Installations.--
            (1) Participating institutions.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out the pilot program required by subsection (a)(1) 
        at not fewer than five covered institutions selected by the 
        Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Requirements for selection.--Each covered institution 
        selected by the Secretary for purposes of the pilot program 
        under subsection (a)(1) shall--
                    (A) currently maintain a satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit under 
                chapter 103 of title 10, United States Code, that is 
                located more than 20 miles from the host unit of such 
                unit; or
                    (B) establish and maintain a satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit that meets 
                the requirements in subparagraph (A).
            (3) Preference in selection of institutions.--In selecting 
        covered institutions under this subsection for participation in 
        the pilot program under subsection (a)(1), the Secretary shall 
        give preference to covered institutions that are located within 
        20 miles of a covered military installation of the same Armed 
        Force as the host unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps of the covered institution concerned.
            (4) Partnership activities.--The activities conducted under 
        the pilot program under subsection (a)(1) between a satellite or 
        extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit and the 
        covered military installation concerned shall include such 
        activities designed to reduce barriers to participation in the 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the covered 
        institution concerned as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
        including measures to mitigate travel time and expenses in 
        connection with receipt of Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps instruction.

    (d) Pilot Program on Financial Assistance for SROTC and CSPI Members 
for Flight Training.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Requirements.>>  Eligibility for participation 
        by srotc and cspi members.--A member of a Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps unit, or a member of a Coast Guard 
        College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative program, at a 
        covered institution may participate in the pilot program under 
        subsection (a)(2) if the member meets such academic requirements 
        at the covered institution, and such other requirements, as the 
        Secretary concerned shall establish for purposes of the pilot 
        program.
            (2) Preference in selection of participants.--In selecting 
        members under this subsection for participation in the pilot 
        program under subsection (a)(2), the Secretary concerned shall 
        give a preference to members who will pursue flight training 
        under the pilot program at a covered institution.
            (3) Financial assistance for flight training.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary concerned may provide 
                any member of a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                unit or a College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative

[[Page 134 STAT. 3593]]

                program who participates in the pilot program under 
                subsection (a)(2) financial assistance to defray, 
                whether in whole or in part, the charges and fees 
                imposed on the member for flight training.
                    (B) Flight training.--Financial assistance may be 
                used under subparagraph (A) for a course of flight 
                training only if the course meets Federal Aviation 
                Administration standards and is approved by the Federal 
                Aviation Administration and the applicable State 
                approving agency.
                    (C) Use.--Financial assistance received by a member 
                under subparagraph (A) may be used only to defray the 
                charges and fees imposed on the member as described in 
                that subparagraph.
                    (D) Cessation of eligibility.--Financial assistance 
                may not be provided to a member under subparagraph (A) 
                as follows:
                          (i) If the member ceases to meet the academic 
                      and other requirements established pursuant to 
                      paragraph (1).
                          (ii) If the member ceases to be a member of 
                      the Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps or the 
                      College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative, as 
                      applicable.

    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot programs under 
subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        commencement of the pilot programs under subsection (a), the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        on the pilot programs. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, including 
                in the case of the pilot program under subsection (a)(2) 
                the requirements established pursuant to subsection 
                (d)(1).
                    (B) The evaluation metrics established under 
                subsection (e).
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the pilot 
                programs as the Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Annual report.--Not later than 90 days after the end of 
        each fiscal year in which the Secretary carries out the pilot 
        programs, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        on the pilot programs during such fiscal year. Each report shall 
        include, for the fiscal year covered by such report, the 
        following:
                    (A) In the case of the pilot program required by 
                subsection (a)(1), a description of the partnerships 
                between satellite or extension Senior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps units and covered military installations 
                under the pilot program.
                    (B) In the case of the pilot program required by 
                subsection (a)(2), the following:
                          (i) The number of members of Senior Reserve 
                      Officers' Training Corps units, and the number of 
                      members of Coast Guard College Student Pre-
                      Commissioning Initiative programs, at covered 
                      institutions selected

[[Page 134 STAT. 3594]]

                      for purposes of the pilot program, including the 
                      number of such members participating in the pilot 
                      program.
                          (ii) The number of recipients of financial 
                      assistance provided under the pilot program, 
                      including the number who--
                                    (I) completed a ground school course 
                                of instruction in connection with 
                                obtaining a private pilot's certificate;
                                    (II) completed flight training, and 
                                the type of training, certificate, or 
                                both received;
                                    (III) were selected for a pilot 
                                training slot in the Armed Forces;
                                    (IV) initiated pilot training in the 
                                Armed Forces; or
                                    (V) successfully completed pilot 
                                training in the Armed Forces.
                          (iii) The amount of financial assistance 
                      provided under the pilot program, broken out by 
                      covered institution, course of study, and such 
                      other measures as the Secretary considers 
                      appropriate.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Data.>>  Data collected in accordance 
                with the evaluation metrics established under subsection 
                (e).
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days prior to the 
        completion of the pilot programs, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot programs. The report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot programs.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
                effectiveness of each pilot program.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  A description of the 
                cost of each pilot program, and an estimate of the cost 
                of making each pilot program permanent.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An estimate of the 
                cost of expanding each pilot program throughout all 
                eligible Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units 
                and College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative 
                programs.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                recommendations for legislative or administrative action 
                as the Secretary considers appropriate in light of the 
                pilot programs, including recommendations for extending 
                or making permanent the authority for each pilot 
                program.

    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered institution'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 262(g)(2) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92).
            (2) The term ``covered military installation'' means an 
        installation of the Department of Defense for the regular 
        components of the Armed Forces.
            (3) The term ``flight training'' means a course of 
        instruction toward obtaining any of the following:
                    (A) A private pilot's certificate.
                    (B) A commercial pilot certificate.
                    (C) A certified flight instructor certificate.
                    (D) A multi-crew pilot's license.
                    (E) A flight instrument rating.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3595]]

                    (F) Any other certificate, rating, or pilot 
                privilege the Secretary considers appropriate for 
                purposes of this section.
SEC. 519A. REPORT REGARDING FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY IN 
                          RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report regarding how it is determined 
whether to authorize full-time National Guard duty in response to the 
covered national emergency.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of requests described in subsection (a).
            (2) The number of such requests approved and the number of 
        requests denied.
            (3) For each such request--
                    (A) the time elapsed from receipt of request to 
                disposition of request; and
                    (B) whether costs (including pay and benefits for 
                members of the National Guard) were a factor in 
                determining whether to grant or deny the request.
            (4) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  For each such request approved, an 
        estimate of the time between approval and the time when the 
        first such member of the National Guard was placed on full-time 
        National Guard duty in response to such request.
            (5) For each such request denied, the reason for denial and 
        how such denial was explained to the requestor.
            (6) A description of how the process of review for such 
        requests differed from previous requests for a determination 
        whether to authorize full-time National Guard duty under section 
        502(f) of title 32, United States Code.
            (7) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations of the 
        Secretary to improve the review of such requests in order to 
        better respond to such requests.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered national emergency'' means the 
        national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by the President 
        under the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with 
        respect to COVID-19.
            (2) The term ``full-time National Guard duty'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
SEC. 519B. STUDY AND REPORT ON NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO STATES 
                          RESPONDING TO MAJOR DISASTERS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
on the process by which the National Guard provides support to other 
Federal agencies and to States during major disasters. The report shall 
include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Reviews.>>  With regards to authorization of 
        full-time National Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, 
        United States Code--
                    (A) a review of the process of such authorization, 
                including authorization approval, funding approval, and 
                mission assignment;
                    (B) <<NOTE: Data.>>  a review of data regarding the 
                frequency and speed of such authorizations during fiscal 
                years 2015 through 2020; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3596]]

                    (C) measures of performance or effectiveness.
            (2) The effectiveness of the funding transfer process 
        between the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the 
        Department of Defense.
            (3) The development and promulgation of training and 
        education materials for the National Guard and other components 
        of the Department of Defense.
            (4) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of lessons learned from 
        the response to COVID-19, including--
                    (A) policy gaps identified by the Secretary; and
                    (B) any recommendations of the Secretary to improve 
                such process.

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that includes the findings of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 519C. REPORT ON GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS 
                          BY THE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Review.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) review current guidance on the use of unmanned aircraft 
        systems by the National Guard for covered activities within the 
        United States; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report containing 
        recommendations of the Secretary regarding how to expedite the 
        review of requests for use of unmanned aircraft systems 
        described in paragraph (1).

    (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
activities'' means--
            (1) emergency operations;
            (2) search and rescue operations;
            (3) defense support to civil authorities; and
            (4) support under section 502(f) of title 32, United States 
        Code.
SEC. 519D. STUDY AND REPORT ON ROTC RECRUITMENT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a study that assesses--
            (1) whether members of the Armed Forces who served in the 
        Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps are more or less likely 
        than members who served in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps to achieve or receive recommendations for higher ranks;
            (2) whether there is a correlation between race or ethnicity 
        and the rank ultimately achieved by such members;
            (3) whether individuals who serve in the Junior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps are likelier to join the Armed Forces 
        than other individuals; and
            (4) the feasibility of establishing a program to create a 
        pathway for minorities into higher ranks in the Armed Forces.

    (b) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report on the results of the study 
conducted under subsection (a).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3597]]

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

SEC. 521. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS.

    (a) Secondary Schools.--Section 503 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking ``and 
                telephone listings,'' and all that follows through the 
                period at the end and inserting ``electronic mail 
                addresses (which shall be the electronic mail addresses 
                provided by the school, if available), and telephone 
                listings, notwithstanding subsection (a)(5) of section 
                444 of the General Education Provisions Act (20 U.S.C. 
                1232g).''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and telephone 
                listing'' and inserting ``electronic mail address, and 
                telephone listing''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (d).

    (b) Institutions of Higher Education.--Section 983(b)(2)(A) of such 
title is amended by striking ``and telephone listings'' and inserting 
``electronic mail addresses (which shall be the electronic mail 
addresses provided by the institution, if available), and telephone 
listings''.
SEC. 522. SUNSET AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL 
                        DISABILITY BOARD OF REVIEW.

    Section 1554a of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Sunset.--(1) On or after the date of the enactment of the 
William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense may sunset the Physical 
Disability Board of Review under this section.
    ``(2) If the Secretary sunsets the Physical Disability Board of 
Review under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall transfer any remaining 
requests for review pending at that time, and shall assign any new 
requests for review under this section, to a board for the correction of 
military records operated by the Secretary concerned under section 1552 
of this title..
    ``(3) Subsection (c)(4) shall not apply with respect to any review 
conducted by a board for the correction of military records under 
paragraph (2).''.
SEC. 523. HONORARY PROMOTION MATTERS.

    (a) Honorary Promotions on Initiative of Department of Defense.--
Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
after section 1563 the following new section:
``Sec. 1563a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1563a.>>  Honorary promotions on the 
                    initiative of the Department of Defense

    ``(a) In General.--(1) <<NOTE: Regulations. Determination.>>  Under 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may 
make an honorary promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a former 
member or retired member of the armed forces to any grade not exceeding 
the grade of major general, rear admiral (upper half), or an equivalent 
grade in the Space Force if the Secretary determines that the promotion 
is merited.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3598]]

    ``(2) The authority to make an honorary promotion under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion is not 
otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(b) <<NOTE: Time period. Determination.>>  Notice to Congress.--
The Secretary may not make an honorary promotion pursuant to subsection 
(a) until 60 days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a notice of the determination to make the promotion, 
including a detailed discussion of the rationale supporting the 
determination.

    ``(c) Notice of Promotion.--Upon making an honorary promotion 
pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall expeditiously notify the 
former member or retired member concerned, or the next of kin of such 
former member or retired member if such former member or retired member 
is deceased, of the promotion.
    ``(d) Nature of Promotion.--Any promotion pursuant to this section 
is honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other 
benefits from the United States to which the former member or retired 
member concerned is entitled or would have been entitled based on the 
military service of such former member or retired member, nor affect any 
benefits to which any other person is or may become entitled based on 
the military service of such former member or retired member.''.
    (b) Modification of Authorities on Review of Proposals From 
Congress.--
            (1) Standardization of authorities with authorities on 
        initiative of department of defense.--Section 1563 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``the 
                      posthumous or honorary promotion or appointment of 
                      a member or former member of the armed forces, or 
                      any other person considered qualified,'' and 
                      inserting ``the honorary promotion (whether or not 
                      posthumous) of a former member or retired member 
                      of the armed forces''; and
                          (ii) in the second sentence, by striking ``the 
                      posthumous or honorary promotion or appointment'' 
                      and inserting ``the promotion''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the posthumous 
                or honorary promotion or appointment'' and inserting 
                ``the honorary promotion''.
            (2) Authority to make honorary promotions following review 
        of proposals.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (d); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection (c):

    ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  Under 
regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Defense may make an honorary promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a 
former member or retired member of the armed forces to any grade not 
exceeding the grade of major general, rear admiral (upper half), or an 
equivalent grade in the Space Force following the submittal of the 
determination of the Secretary concerned under subsection (b) in 
connection with the proposal for the promotion if the determination is 
to approve the making of the promotion.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3599]]

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The Secretary of Defense may not make 
an honorary promotion under this subsection until 60 days after the date 
on which the Secretary concerned submits the determination in connection 
with the proposal for the promotion under subsection (b), and the 
detailed rationale supporting the determination as described in that 
subsection, to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives and the requesting Member in accordance with 
that subsection.

    ``(3) The authority to make an honorary promotion under this 
subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion is not 
otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(4) Any promotion pursuant to this subsection is honorary, and 
shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other benefits from the United 
States to which the former member or retired member concerned is or 
would have been entitled based upon the military service of such former 
member or retired member, nor affect any benefits to which any other 
person may become entitled based on the military service of such former 
member or retired member.''.
            (3) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section is 
        amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress 
                  for honorary promotions: procedures for review 
                  and promotion''.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 80 of such title is <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 prec.>>  amended by 
striking the item relating to section 1563 and inserting the following 
new items:

``1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for honorary 
           promotions: procedures for review and promotion.
``1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department of 
           Defense.''.

SEC. 524. <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  EXCLUSION OF OFFICIAL 
                        PHOTOGRAPHS OF MEMBERS FROM RECORDS 
                        FURNISHED TO PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 10 USC 615 note.>>  Active Duty Officers.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall include in the regulations prescribed pursuant to 
section 615(a) of title 10, United States Code, a prohibition on the 
inclusion of an official photograph of an officer in the information 
furnished to a selection board pursuant to section 615(b) of such title.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 615 note.>>  Reserve Officers.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall include in regulations prescribed pursuant to section 
14107(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, a prohibition on the 
inclusion of an official photograph of an officer in the information 
furnished to a selection board pursuant to section 14107(a)(2) of such 
title.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 615 note.>>  Enlisted Members.--Each Secretary of 
a military department shall prescribe regulations that prohibit the 
inclusion of an official photograph of an enlisted member in the 
information furnished to a board that considers enlisted members under 
the jurisdiction of such Secretary for promotion.

    (d) <<NOTE: Consultation. Assessments.>>  Report on Exclusion of 
Additional Information.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation 
with the Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  A recommendation for the 
        redaction or removal from information furnished to selection 
        boards convened to consider officers or enlisted members for 
        promotion to the next higher

[[Page 134 STAT. 3600]]

        grade of such information, if any, relating to an officer or 
        enlisted member, as applicable, that is currently furnished to 
        such a selection board as the Secretary considers appropriate 
        for redaction or removal in order to eliminate inappropriate 
        bias in the promotion selection process.
            (2) An assessment of the anticipated effects on the 
        promotion process for officers or enlisted members, as 
        applicable, of the redaction or removal from information 
        furnished to selection boards of information recommended for 
        redaction or removal pursuant to paragraph (1).
            (3) <<NOTE: Implementation plan.>>  An implementation plan 
        that describes and assesses the manner in which the redaction or 
        removal of such information will be achieved, including a 
        description and assessment of the following:
                    (A) Any required changes to policies, processes, or 
                systems, including any information technology required.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Costs.>>  The cost of implementing such 
                changes.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Timeline. Deadline.>>  The estimated 
                timeline for completion of the implementation of such 
                changes (which may not be later than the day that is two 
                years after the date of the report).
                    (D) The duty title of the officer or employee of the 
                Department Defense to be assigned responsibility for 
                implementing such changes.
SEC. 525. REPORT REGARDING REVIEWS OF DISCHARGES AND DISMISSALS 
                        BASED ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report regarding the 
number of former members of the Armed Forces who--
            (1) were discharged or dismissed from the Armed Forces;
            (2) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  on or after September 21, 
        2011, applied to the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned for an upgrade in the characterization of such 
        discharge or dismissal; and
            (3) assert in such application that such discharge or 
        dismissal arose from a policy of the Department of Defense 
        regarding the sexual orientation of a member before September 
        21, 2011.

    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of applications described in subsection (a) 
        and the percentages of such applications granted and denied, 
        disaggregated by--
                    (A) Armed Force;
                    (B) grade;
                    (C) characterization of discharge or dismissal 
                originally received; and
                    (D) characterization of discharge or dismissal 
                received pursuant to an application described in 
                subsection (a)(2).
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  If the Secretary can determine 
        the number without reviewing applications described in 
        subsection (a) on a case-by-case basis, the number of such 
        applications--
                    (A) that were denied; and
                    (B) in which the discharge or dismissal was based 
                solely on misconduct of the discharged or dismissed 
                member.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3601]]

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline. Public information. Web posting.>>  
Publication.--Not later than 90 days after the Secretary submits the 
report under this section, the Secretary shall publish the report on a 
publicly accessible website of the Department of Defense.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

SEC. 531. MODIFICATION OF TIME REQUIRED FOR EXPEDITED DECISIONS IN 
                        CONNECTION WITH APPLICATIONS FOR CHANGE OF 
                        STATION OR UNIT TRANSFER OF MEMBERS WHO 
                        ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED 
                        OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 673(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``72 hours'' both places it appears and inserting 
``five calendar days''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 673 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act, and shall apply to decisions on applications for 
permanent change of station or unit transfer made under section 673 of 
title 10, United States Code, on or after that date.
SEC. 532. CONFIDENTIAL REPORTING OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

    (a) Confidential Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 1561a the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 1561b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561b.>>  Confidential reporting of 
                    sexual harassment

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  Reporting Process.--Notwithstanding 
section 1561 of this title, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
regulations a process by which a member of an armed force under the 
jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department may 
confidentially allege a complaint of sexual harassment to an individual 
outside the immediate chain of command of the member.

    ``(b) Receipt of Complaints.--An individual designated and trained 
to receive complaints under the process under subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) maintain the confidentiality of the member alleging 
        the complaint;
            ``(2) explain to the member alleging the complaint the 
        different avenues of redress available to resolve the complaint 
        and the different consequences of each avenue on the manner in 
        which the complaint will be investigated (if at all), including 
        an explanation of the following:
                    ``(A) The manner in which to file a complaint 
                concerning alleged sexual harassment with the official 
                or office designated for receipt of such complaint 
                through such avenue of redress.
                    ``(B) That confidentiality in connection with the 
                complaint cannot be maintained when there is a clear and 
                present risk to health or safety.
                    ``(C) If the alleged sexual harassment also involves 
                an allegation of sexual assault, including sexual 
                contact--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3602]]

                          ``(i) the manner in which to file a 
                      confidential report with a Sexual Assault Response 
                      Coordinator or a Sexual Assault Prevention and 
                      Response Victim Advocate; and
                          ``(ii) options available pursuant to such 
                      reporting, including a Restricted Report or 
                      Unrestricted Report, and participation in the 
                      Catch a Serial Offender Program.
                    ``(D) The services and assistance available to the 
                member in connection with the complaint and the alleged 
                sexual harassment.

    ``(c) Education and Tracking.--The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) educate members under the jurisdiction of the 
        Secretaries of the military departments regarding the process 
        established under this section; and
            ``(2) track complaints alleged pursuant to the process.

    ``(d) <<NOTE: Time periods. Data.>>  Reports.--Not later than April 
30, 2023, and April 30 every two years thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report containing data on the 
complaints of sexual harassment alleged pursuant to the process under 
subsection (a) during the previous two calendar years. Any data on such 
complaints shall not contain any personally identifiable information.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 80 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 
        prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
        section 1561b the following new item: <<NOTE: 03 Reports.>> 

Reports.

``1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.''.

    (b) Plan for Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth a plan for the implementation of 
the process for confidential reporting of sexual harassment required by 
section 1561b of title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection 
(a)). The plan shall include the date on which the process is 
anticipated to be fully implemented.
    (c) Plan for Access to Confidential Reports To Identify Serial 
Harassers.--Not later than one year after the implementation of the 
process for confidential reporting of sexual harassment required by 
section 1561b of title 10, United States Code (as so added), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report setting forth a 
plan to allow an individual who files a confidential report of sexual 
harassment pursuant to the process to elect to permit a military 
criminal investigative organization to access certain information in the 
confidential report, including identifying information of the alleged 
perpetrator (if available), for the purpose of identifying individuals 
who are suspected of multiple incidents of sexual harassments, without 
such access affecting the confidential nature of the confidential 
report. The report shall specify the information to be accessible by 
criminal investigative organizations pursuant to the plan.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3603]]

SEC. 533. ADDITIONAL BASES FOR PROVISION OF ADVICE BY THE DEFENSE 
                        ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF 
                        SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended in subsection (c)(2)--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (E); 
        and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following new 
        subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Efforts among private employers to prevent 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment among their 
                employees.
                    ``(D) Evidence-based studies on the prevention of 
                sexual assault and sexual harassment in the Armed 
                Forces, institutions of higher education, and the 
                private sector.''.
SEC. 534. ADDITIONAL MATTERS FOR 2021 REPORT OF THE DEFENSE 
                        ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF 
                        SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note), as 
amended by section 533 of this Act, is further amended by adding at the 
end of subsection (d) the following: `` <<NOTE: Assessments.>> The 
report in 2021 shall also include the following:
            ``(1) A description and assessment of the extent and 
        effectiveness of the inclusion by the Armed Forces of sexual 
        assault prevention and response training in leader professional 
        military education (PME), especially in such education for 
        personnel in junior noncommissioned officer grades.
            ``(2) An assessment of the feasibility of--
                    ``(A) the screening before entry into military 
                service of recruits who may have been the subject or 
                perpetrator of prior incidents of sexual assault and 
                harassment, including through background checks; and
                    ``(B) the administration of screening tests to 
                recruits to assess recruit views and beliefs on equal 
                opportunity, and whether such views and beliefs are 
                compatible with military service.
            ``(3) An assessment of the feasibility of conducting exit 
        interviews of members of the Armed Forces upon their discharge 
        release from the Armed Forces in order to determine whether they 
        experienced or witnessed sexual assault or harassment during 
        military service and did not report it, and an assessment of the 
        feasibility of combining such exit interviews with the Catch a 
        Serial Offender (CATCH) Program of the Department of Defense.
            ``(4) An assessment whether the sexual assault reporting 
        databases of the Department are sufficiently anonymized to 
        ensure privacy while still providing military leaders with the 
        information as follows:
                    ``(A) The approximate length of time the victim and 
                the assailant had been at the duty station at which the 
                sexual assault occurred.
                    ``(B) The percentage of sexual assaults occurring 
                while the victim or assailant were on temporary duty, 
                leave, or otherwise away from their permanent duty 
                station.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3604]]

                    ``(C) The number of sexual assaults that involve an 
                abuse of power by a commander or supervisor.''.
SEC. 535. INCLUSION OF ADVISORY DUTIES ON THE COAST GUARD ACADEMY 
                        AMONG DUTIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE 
                        FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note), as 
amended by sections 533 and 534 of this Act, is further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by inserting ``, including the 
        United States Coast Guard Academy,'' after ``academy'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Advisory Duties on Coast Guard Academy.--In providing advice 
under subsection (c)(1)(B), the Advisory Committee shall also advise the 
Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is operating in 
accordance with this section on policies, programs, and practices of the 
United States Coast Guard Academy.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e) and paragraph (2) of subsection (g), 
        as redesignated by paragraph (2) of this section, by striking 
        ``the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives'' each place it appears and inserting ``the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate and the Committees on Armed 
        Services and Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives''.
SEC. 536. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING AND DATA COLLECTION ON VICTIMS 
                        OF SEXUAL OFFENSES.

    Section 547 of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``accused of'' and inserting 
                      ``suspected of''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``assault'' and inserting 
                      ``offense'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``accused of'' and 
                inserting ``suspected of''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by striking ``assaults'' and inserting 
                      ``offenses''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``an accusation'' and 
                      inserting ``suspicion of'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):

    ``(b) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance to ensure the uniformity of the data collected by each Armed 
Force for purposes of subsection (a). At a minimum, such guidance shall 
establish--
            ``(1) standardized methods for the collection of the data 
        required to be reported under such subsection; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3605]]

            ``(2) standardized definitions for the terms `sexual 
        offense', `collateral miconduct', and `adverse action'.''; and
            (4) by amending subsection (c), as redesignated by paragraph 
        (2), to read as follows:

    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered individual' means an individual who 
        is identified in the case files of a military criminal 
        investigative organization as a victim of a sexual offense that 
        occurred while that individual was serving on active duty as a 
        member of the Armed Forces.
            ``(2) The term `suspected of', when used with respect to a 
        covered individual suspected of collateral misconduct or crimes 
        as described in subsection (a), means that an investigation by a 
        military criminal investigative organization reveals facts and 
        circumstances that would lead a reasonable person to believe 
        that the individual committed an offense under chapter 47 of 
        title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice).''.
SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS 
                        INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Additional Recipients.--Subsection (d) of section 1631 of the 
Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
(Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended by inserting ``and 
the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives'' after ``House of Representatives''.
    (b) <<NOTE: Effective date. 10 USC 1561 note.>>  Applicability.--The 
amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply to reports required to be 
submitted under such section on or after such date.
SEC. 538. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1565b note.>>  COORDINATION OF SUPPORT 
                        FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL TRAUMA.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Standards.>>  In General.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of 
Defense and Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop, implement, and 
maintain a standard of coordinated care for members of the Armed Forces 
who are survivors of sexual trauma. Such standard shall include the 
following:

    (b) Minimum Elements.--The standard developed and implemented under 
subsection (a) by the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall 
include the following:
            (1) Information for members of the armed forces.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
                    (A) Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                Uniformed Victim Advocates receive annual training on 
                resources of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
                regarding sexual trauma;
                    (B) information regarding services furnished by the 
                Secretary of Veterans Affairs to survivors of sexual 
                trauma is provided to each such survivor; and
                    (C) information described in subparagraph (B) is 
                posted in the following areas in each facility of the 
                Department of Defense:
                          (i) An office of the Family Advocacy Program.
                          (ii) An office of a mental health care 
                      provider.
                          (iii) Each area in which sexual assault 
                      prevention staff normally post notices or 
                      information.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3606]]

                          (iv) High-traffic areas (including dining 
                      facilities).
            (2) Coordination between staff of the departments.--The 
        Secretaries shall ensure that a Sexual Assault Response 
        Coordinator or Uniformed Victim Advocate of the Department of 
        Defense who receives a report of an instance of sexual trauma 
        connects the survivor to the Military Sexual Trauma Coordinator 
        of the Department of Veterans Affairs at the facility of that 
        Department nearest to the residence of that survivor if that 
        survivor is a member separating or retiring from the Armed 
        Forces.

    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Report on residential treatment.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall provide a 
        report to the appropriate committees of Congress regarding the 
        availability of residential treatment programs for survivors of 
        sexual trauma, including--
                    (A) barriers to access for such programs; and
                    (B) resources required to reduce such barriers.
            (2) Initial report.--Upon implementation of the standard 
        under subsection (a), the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans 
        Affairs shall jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the standard.
            (3) Progress reports.--Not later than 180 days after 
        submitting the initial report under paragraph (2), and on 
        December 1 of each subsequent year, the Secretaries of Defense 
        and Veterans Affairs shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report on the progress of the 
        Secretaries in implementing and improving the standard.
            (4) Updates.--Whenever the Secretaries of Defense and 
        Veterans Affairs update the standard developed under subsection 
        (a), the Secretaries shall jointly submit to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress a report on such update, including a 
        comprehensive and detailed description of such update and the 
        reasons for such update.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``sexual trauma'' means a condition described 
        in section 1720D(a)(1) of title 38, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of the House 
                of Representatives and the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives and the Senate.
SEC. 539. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7461 note.>>  POLICY FOR MILITARY SERVICE 
                        ACADEMIES ON SEPARATION OF ALLEGED VICTIMS 
                        AND ALLEGED PERPETRATORS IN INCIDENTS OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation. Regulations.>>  In General.--The Secretary 
of Defense shall, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments and the Superintendent of each military service academy, 
prescribe in regulations a policy under which a cadet or midshipman of a 
military service academy who is the alleged victim of a sexual assault 
and a cadet or midshipman who is the alleged perpetrator of such assault 
shall, to the extent practicable, each be given the opportunity to 
complete their course of study at the academy without--
            (1) taking classes together; or

[[Page 134 STAT. 3607]]

            (2) otherwise being in close proximity to each other during 
        mandatory activities.

    (b) Elements.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the policy 
developed under subsection (a)--
            (1) permits an alleged victim to elect not to be covered by 
        the policy with respect to a particular incident of sexual 
        assault;
            (2) protects the alleged victim as necessary, including by 
        prohibiting retaliatory harassment;
            (3) minimizes the prejudicial impact of the policy, to the 
        extent practicable, on both the alleged victim and the alleged 
        perpetrator, and allows the alleged victim and the alleged 
        perpetrator to complete their course of study at the institution 
        with minimal disruption;
            (4) protects the privacy of both the alleged victim and the 
        alleged perpetrator by ensuring that information about the 
        alleged sexual assault and the individuals involved is not 
        revealed to third parties who are not specifically authorized to 
        receive such information in the course of performing their 
        regular duties, except that such policy shall not preclude the 
        alleged victim or the alleged perpetrator from making such 
        disclosures to third parties; and
            (5) minimizes the burden on the alleged victim when taking 
        steps to separate the alleged victim and alleged perpetrator.

    (c) Special Rule.--The policy developed under subsection (a) shall 
not preclude a military service academy from taking other administrative 
or disciplinary action when appropriate.
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military service academy'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.
SEC. 539A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>>  SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY 
                          APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation. Regulations. Applicability.>>  In 
General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, prescribe in regulations a 
safe-to-report policy described in subsection (b) that applies with 
respect to all members of the Armed Forces (including members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at the 
military service academies.

    (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy described in 
this subsection is a policy that prescribes the handling of minor 
collateral misconduct involving a member of the Armed Forces who is the 
alleged victim of sexual assault.
    (c) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under subsection (a) 
shall specify aggravating circumstances that increase the gravity of 
minor collateral misconduct or its impact on good order and discipline 
for purposes of the safe-to-report policy.
    (d) Tracking of Collateral Misconduct Incidents.--In conjunction 
with the issuance of regulations under subsection (a), Secretary shall 
develop and implement a process to track incidents of minor collateral 
misconduct that are subject to the safe-to-report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3608]]

            (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United States Code, 
        except such term does not include the Coast Guard.
            (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The United States Military Academy.
                    (B) The United States Naval Academy.
                    (C) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (3) The term ``minor collateral misconduct'' means any minor 
        misconduct that is potentially punishable under chapter 47 of 
        title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military 
        Justice), that--
                    (A) is committed close in time to or during the 
                sexual assault, and directly related to the incident 
                that formed the basis of the sexual assault allegation;
                    (B) is discovered as a direct result of the report 
                of sexual assault or the ensuing investigation into the 
                sexual assault; and
                    (C) does not involve aggravating circumstances (as 
                specified in the regulations prescribed under subsection 
                (c)) that increase the gravity of the minor misconduct 
                or its impact on good order and discipline.
SEC. 539B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>>  ACCOUNTABILITY OF 
                          LEADERSHIP OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          FOR DISCHARGING THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT 
                          POLICIES AND PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Strategy on Holding Leadership Accountable Required.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement Department of Defense-
wide a strategy to hold individuals in positions of leadership in the 
Department (including members of the Armed Forces and civilians) 
accountable for the promotion, support, and enforcement of the policies 
and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
    (b) Oversight Framework.--
            (1) In general.--The strategy required by subsection (a) 
        shall provide for an oversight framework for the efforts of the 
        Department of Defense to promote, support, and enforce the 
        policies and programs of the Department on sexual harassment.
            (2) Elements.--The oversight framework required by paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Long-term goals, objectives, and milestones in 
                connection with the policies and programs of the 
                Department on sexual harassment.
                    (B) Strategies to achieve the goals, objectives, and 
                milestones referred to in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) <<NOTE: Criteria.>>  Criteria for assessing 
                progress toward the achievement of the goals, 
                objectives, and milestones referred to in subparagraph 
                (A).
                    (D) <<NOTE: Criteria.>>  Criteria for assessing the 
                effectiveness of the policies and programs of the 
                Department on sexual harassment.
                    (E) Mechanisms to ensure that adequate resources are 
                available to the Office of the Secretary of Defense to 
                develop and discharge the oversight framework.

    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to

[[Page 134 STAT. 3609]]

the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this section, 
including the strategy developed and implemented pursuant to subsection 
(a), and the oversight framework developed and implemented pursuant to 
subsection (b).
SEC. 539C. REPORTS ON STATUS OF INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED SEX-
                          RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Reports Required.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter 
through December 31, 2025, the Secretary of each military department 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
status of investigations into alleged sex-related offenses.

    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include, with 
respect to investigations into alleged sex-related offenses carried out 
by military criminal investigative organizations under the jurisdiction 
of the Secretary concerned during the preceding year, the following:
            (1) The total number of investigations.
            (2) For each investigation--
                    (A) the date the investigation was initiated; and
                    (B) an explanation of whether the investigation is 
                in-progress or complete as of the date of the report 
                and, if complete, the date on which the investigation 
                was completed.
            (3) The total number of investigations that are complete as 
        of the date of the report.
            (4) The total number of investigations that are in-progress 
        as of the date of the report.
            (5) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  For investigations lasting 
        longer than 180 days, a general explanation of the primary 
        reasons for the extended duration of such investigations.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1044(e)(h) of title 10, United States 
        Code.
            (2) The term ``complete'' when used with respect to an 
        investigation of an alleged sex-related offense, means the 
        active phase of the investigation is sufficiently complete to 
        enable the appropriate authority to reach a decision with 
        respect to the disposition of charges for the offense.
SEC. 539D. REPORT ON ABILITY OF SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE 
                          COORDINATORS AND SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                          PREVENTION AND RESPONSE VICTIM ADVOCATES 
                          TO PERFORM DUTIES.

    (a) Survey.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than June 
        30, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct a survey 
        regarding the ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators 
        and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
        perform their duties.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The survey required 
        under paragraph (1) shall assess--
                    (A) the current state of support provided to Sexual 
                Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Victim Advocates, including--
                          (i) perceived professional or other reprisal 
                      or retaliation; and

[[Page 134 STAT. 3610]]

                          (ii) access to sufficient physical and mental 
                      health services as a result of the nature of their 
                      work;
                    (B) the ability of Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                Victim Advocates to contact and access their 
                installation commander or unit commander;
                    (C) the ability of Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                Victim Advocates to contact and access the immediate 
                commander of victims and alleged offenders;
                    (D) the responsiveness and receptiveness of 
                commanders to the Sexual Assault Response Coordinators;
                    (E) the support and services provided to victims of 
                sexual assault;
                    (F) the understanding of others of the process and 
                their willingness to assist;
                    (G) the adequacy of the training received by Sexual 
                Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to effectively 
                perform their duties; and
                    (H) any other factors affecting the ability of 
                Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and Sexual Assault 
                Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to perform 
                their duties.

    (b) Report.--Upon completion of the survey required under subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
results of the survey and any actions to be taken as a result of the 
survey.
SEC. 539E. BRIEFING ON SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General 
of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Coast Guard and the Staff 
Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall each provide 
to the congressional defense committees a briefing on the status of the 
Special Victims' Counsel program of the Armed Force concerned.

    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the Special Victims' Counsel program of the Armed Force 
concerned, the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Assessment. Compliance.>>  An assessment of 
        whether the Armed Force is in compliance with the provisions of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92) relating to the Special Victims' Counsel 
        program and, if not, what steps have been taken to achieve 
        compliance with such provisions.
            (2) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  An estimate of the average caseload 
        of each Special Victims' Counsel.
            (3) A description of any staffing shortfalls in the Special 
        Victims' Counsel program or other programs of the Armed Force 
        resulting from the additional responsibilities required of the 
        Special Victims' Counsel program under the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (4) An explanation of the ability of Special Victims' 
        Counsel to adhere to requirement that a counsel respond to a 
        request for services within 72 hours of receiving such request.
            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        of providing cross-service Special Victims' Counsel 
        representation in instances

[[Page 134 STAT. 3611]]

        where a Special Victims' Counsel from a different Armed Force is 
        co-located with a victim at a remote base.
SEC. 539F. BRIEFING ON PLACEMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
                          ACADEMIC STATUS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF 
                          SEXUAL ASSAULT ONTO NON-RATED PERIODS.

     <<NOTE: Deadline.>> Not later than 270 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives on the feasibility and advisability, and current 
practice (if any) of the Department of Defense, of granting requests by 
members of the Armed Forces who are in academic status (whether at the 
military service academies or in developmental education programs) and 
who are victims of sexual assault to be placed on a Non-Rated Period for 
their performance report.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. RIGHT TO NOTICE OF VICTIMS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM 
                        CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE REGARDING CERTAIN 
                        POST-TRIAL MOTIONS, FILINGS, AND HEARINGS.

    Section 806b(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
6b(a)(2)) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the following new 
        subparagraph (D):
                    ``(D) A post-trial motion, filing, or hearing that 
                may address the finding or sentence of a court-martial 
                with respect to the accused, unseal privileged or 
                private information of the victim, or result in the 
                release of the accused.''.
SEC. 542. QUALIFICATIONS OF JUDGES AND STANDARD OF REVIEW FOR 
                        COURTS OF CRIMINAL APPEALS.

    (a) Qualifications of Certain Judges.--Section 866(a) of title 10, 
United States Code (article 66(a) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Each Judge'' and inserting:
            ``(1) In general.--Each Judge''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Additional qualifications.--In addition to any other 
        qualifications specified in paragraph (1), any commissioned 
        officer or civilian assigned as an appellate military judge to a 
        Court of Criminal Appeals shall have not fewer than 12 years of 
        experience in the practice of law before such assignment.''.

    (b) Standard of Review.--Paragraph (1) of section 866(d) of title 
10, United States Code (article 66(d) of the Uniform Code of Military 
Justice), is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Cases appealed by accused.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In any case before the Court of 
                Criminal Appeals under subsection (b), the Court may act 
                only with respect to the findings and sentence as 
                entered into the record under section 860c of this title 
                (article 60c). The Court may affirm only such findings 
                of guilty

[[Page 134 STAT. 3612]]

                as the Court finds correct in law, and in fact in 
                accordance with subparagraph 
                (B). <<NOTE: Determination.>>  The Court may affirm only 
                the sentence, or such part or amount of the sentence, as 
                the Court finds correct in law and fact and determines, 
                on the basis of the entire record, should be approved.
                    ``(B) Factual sufficiency review.--(i) In an appeal 
                of a finding of guilty under subsection (b), the Court 
                may consider whether the finding is correct in fact upon 
                request of the accused if the accused makes a specific 
                showing of a deficiency in proof.
                    ``(ii) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  After an accused 
                has made such a showing, the Court may weigh the 
                evidence and determine controverted questions of fact 
                subject to--
                          ``(I) appropriate deference to the fact that 
                      the trial court saw and heard the witnesses and 
                      other evidence; and
                          ``(II) appropriate deference to findings of 
                      fact entered into the record by the military 
                      judge.
                    ``(iii) If, as a result of the review conducted 
                under clause (ii), the Court is clearly convinced that 
                the finding of guilty was against the weight of the 
                evidence, the Court may dismiss, set aside, or modify 
                the finding, or affirm a lesser finding.''.

    (c) Review by United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces of 
Factual Sufficiency Rulings.--Section 867(c)(1) of title 10, United 
States Code (article 67(c)(1) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(C) the findings set forth in the entry of judgment, as 
        affirmed, dismissed, set aside, or modfied by the Court of 
        Criminal Appeals as incorrect in fact under section 866(d)(1)(B) 
        of this title (article 66(d)(1)(B)).''.

    (d) Inclusion of Additional Information in Annual Reports.--Section 
946a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 146a(b)(2) of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at the end 
        and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(D) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  an analysis of each case 
                in which a Court of Criminal Appeals made a final 
                determination that a finding of a court-martial was 
                clearly against the weight of the evidence, including an 
                explanation of the standard of appellate review applied 
                in such case.''.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 866 note.>>  Effective Dates and Applicability.--
            (1) Qualifications of certain judges.--The amendments made 
        by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, and shall apply with respect to the assignment of 
        appellate military judges on or after that date.
            (2) Review amendments.--The amendments made by subsections 
        (b) and (c) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
        this Act, and shall apply with respect to any case in which 
        every finding of guilty entered into the record under section 
        860c of title 10, United States Code (article 60c of the Uniform

[[Page 134 STAT. 3613]]

        Code of Military Justice), is for an offense that occurred on or 
        after that date.
SEC. 543. PRESERVATION OF COURT-MARTIAL RECORDS.

    Section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a of the 
Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Preservation of Court-Martial Records 
Without Regard to Outcome.--The standards and criteria prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) shall provide for the 
preservation of general and special court-martial records, without 
regard to the outcome of the proceeding concerned, for not fewer than 15 
years.''.
SEC. 544. AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS FOR NATIONAL INSTANT CRIMINAL 
                        BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM.

    Section 101(b) of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007 (34 
U.S.C. 40911(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Department of defense.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later 
                than 3 business days after the final disposition of a 
                judicial proceeding conducted within the Department of 
                Defense, the Secretary of Defense shall make available 
                to the Attorney General records which are relevant to a 
                determination of whether a member of the Armed Forces 
                involved in such proceeding is disqualified from 
                possessing or receiving a firearm under subsection (g) 
                or (n) of section 922 of title 18, United States Code, 
                for use in background checks performed by the National 
                Instant Criminal Background Check System.
                    ``(B) Judicial proceeding defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `judicial proceeding' means a 
                hearing--
                          ``(i) of which the person received actual 
                      notice; and
                          ``(ii) at which the person had an opportunity 
                      to participate with counsel.''.
SEC. 545. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1552 note.>>  REMOVAL OF PERSONALLY 
                        IDENTIFYING AND OTHER INFORMATION OF 
                        CERTAIN PERSONS FROM INVESTIGATIVE 
                        REPORTS, THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CENTRAL 
                        INDEX OF INVESTIGATIONS, AND OTHER RECORDS 
                        AND DATABASES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Policy and Process Required.--Not later 
than October 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish and 
maintain a policy and process through which any covered person may 
request that the person's name, personally identifying information, and 
other information pertaining to the person shall, in accordance with 
subsection (c), be corrected in, or expunged or otherwise removed from, 
the following:
            (1) A law enforcement or criminal investigative report of 
        the Department of Defense or any component of the Department.
            (2) An index item or entry in the Department of Defense 
        Central Index of Investigations (DCII).
            (3) Any other record maintained in connection with a report 
        described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry described

[[Page 134 STAT. 3614]]

        in paragraph (2), in any system of records, records database, 
        records center, or repository maintained by or on behalf of the 
        Department.

    (b) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  Covered Persons.--For purposes of this 
section, a covered person is any person whose name was placed or 
reported, or is maintained--
            (1) in the subject or title block of a law enforcement or 
        criminal investigative report of the Department of Defense (or 
        any component of the Department);
            (2) as an item or entry in the Department of Defense Central 
        Index of Investigations; or
            (3) in any other record maintained in connection with a 
        report described in paragraph (1), or an index item or entry 
        described in paragraph (2), in any system of records, records 
        database, records center, or repository maintained by or on 
        behalf of the Department.

    (c) Elements.--The policy and process required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  Basis for correction or 
        expungement.--That the name, personally identifying information, 
        and other information of a covered person shall be corrected in, 
        or expunged or otherwise removed from, a report, item or entry, 
        or record described in paragraphs (1) through (3) of subsection 
        (a) in the following circumstances:
                    (A) Probable cause did not or does not exist to 
                believe that the offense for which the person's name was 
                placed or reported, or is maintained, in such report, 
                item or entry, or record occurred, or insufficient 
                evidence existed or exists to determine whether or not 
                such offense occurred.
                    (B) Probable cause did not or does not exist to 
                believe that the person actually committed the offense 
                for which the person's name was so placed or reported, 
                or is so maintained, or insufficient evidence existed or 
                exists to determine whether or not the person actually 
                committed such offense.
                    (C) Such other circumstances, or on such other 
                bases, as the Secretary may specify in establishing the 
                policy and process, which circumstances and bases may 
                not be inconsistent with the circumstances and bases 
                provided by subparagraphs (A) and (B).
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Considerations.--While not 
        dispositive as to the existence of a circumstance or basis set 
        forth in paragraph (1), the following shall be considered in the 
        determination whether such circumstance or basis applies to a 
        covered person for purposes of this section:
                    (A) The extent or lack of corroborating evidence 
                against the covered person concerned with respect to the 
                offense at issue.
                    (B) Whether adverse administrative, disciplinary, 
                judicial, or other such action was initiated against the 
                covered person for the offense at issue.
                    (C) The type, nature, and outcome of any action 
                described in subparagraph (B) against the covered 
                person.
            (3) Procedures.--The policy and process required by 
        subsection (a) shall include procedures as follows:
                    (A) Procedures under which a covered person may 
                appeal a determination of the applicable component of 
                the

[[Page 134 STAT. 3615]]

                Department of Defense denying, whether in whole or in 
                part, a request for purposes of subsection (a).
                    (B) Procedures under which the applicable component 
                of the Department will correct, expunge or remove, take 
                other appropriate action on, or assist a covered person 
                in so doing, any record maintained by a person, 
                organization, or entity outside of the Department to 
                which such component provided, submitted, or transmitted 
                information about the covered person, which information 
                has or will be corrected in, or expunged or removed 
                from, Department records pursuant to this section.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  The timeline pursuant to 
                which the Department, or a component of the Department, 
                as applicable, will respond to each of the following:
                          (i) A request pursuant to subsection (a).
                          (ii) An appeal under the procedures required 
                      by subparagraph (A).
                          (iii) A request for assistance under the 
                      procedures required by subparagraph (B).
                    (D) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  Mechanisms through 
                which the Department will keep a covered person apprised 
                of the progress of the Department on a covered person's 
                request or appeal as described in subparagraph (C).

    (d) Applicability.--The policy and process required to be developed 
by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall not be subject to the notice 
and comment rulemaking requirements under section 553 of title 5, United 
States Code.
    (e) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this 
section, including a comprehensive description of the policy and process 
developed and implemented by the Secretary under subsection (a).
SEC. 546. BRIEFING ON MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT FOR VICARIOUS TRAUMA 
                        FOR CERTAIN PERSONNEL IN THE MILITARY 
                        JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General 
of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force and the Staff Judge Advocate to 
the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall jointly brief the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
mental health support for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the 
military justice system specified in subsection (b).

    (b) Personnel.--The personnel specified in this subsection are the 
following:
            (1) Court-martial convening authorities who are members of 
        the Armed Forces.
            (2) Trial counsel.
            (3) Defense counsel.
            (4) Military judges.
            (5) Special Victims' Counsel.
            (6) Military investigative personnel.

    (c) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The briefing required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3616]]

            (1) A description and assessment of the mental health 
        support for vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the 
        military justice system specified in subsection (b), including a 
        description of the support services available and the support 
        services being used.
            (2) A description and assessment of mechanisms to eliminate 
        or reduce stigma in the pursuit by such personnel of such mental 
        health support.
            (3) An assessment of the feasibility and advisability of 
        providing such personnel with breaks between assignments or 
        cases as part of such mental health support in order to reduce 
        the effects of vicarious trauma.
            (4) A description and assessment of the extent, if any, to 
        which duty of such personnel on particular types of cases, or in 
        particular caseloads, contributes to vicarious trauma, and of 
        the extent, if any, to which duty on such cases or caseloads has 
        an effect on retention of such personnel in the Armed Forces.
            (5) A description of the extent, if any, to which such 
        personnel are screened or otherwise assessed for vicarious 
        trauma before discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
            (6) Such other matters in connection with the provision of 
        mental health support for vicarious trauma to such personnel as 
        the Judge Advocates General and the Staff Judge Advocate jointly 
        consider appropriate.
SEC. 547. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                        IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF 
                        RECENT GAO RECOMMENDATIONS AND STATUTORY 
                        REQUIREMENTS ON ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, 
                        ETHNIC, AND GENDER DISPARITIES IN THE 
                        MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Study.>>  Report Required.--The Comptroller General of 
the United States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in writing, on a 
study, conducted by the Comptroller General for purposes of the report, 
on the implementation by the Armed Forces of the following:
            (1) The recommendations in the May 2019 report of the 
        General Accountability Office entitled ``Military Justice: DOD 
        and the Coast Guard Need to Improve Their Capabilities to Assess 
        Racial and Gender Disparities'' (GAO-19-344).
            (2) Requirements in section 540I(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
        Stat. 1369; 10 U.S.C. 810 note), relating to assessments covered 
        by such recommendations.

    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include, 
for each recommendation and requirement specified in that subsection, 
the following:
            (1) A description of the actions taken or planned by the 
        Department of Defense, the military department concerned, or the 
        Armed Force concerned to implement such recommendation or 
        requirement.
            (2) An assessment of the extent to which the actions taken 
        to implement such recommendation or requirement, as described 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), are effective or meet the intended 
        objective.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3617]]

            (3) Any other matters in connection with such recommendation 
        or requirement, and the implementation of such recommendation or 
        requirement by the Armed Forces, that the Comptroller General 
        considers appropriate.

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline. Recommenda- tions.>>  Briefings.--Not later 
than May 1, 2021, the Comptroller General shall provide the committees 
referred to in subsection (a) one or more briefings on the status of the 
study required by that subsection, including any preliminary findings 
and recommendations of the Comptroller General as a result of the study 
as of the date of such briefing.
SEC. 548. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VETERANS AND SURVIVING SPOUSES AND 
                        DEPENDENTS.

    (a) Availability of Legal Assistance at Facilities of Department of 
Veterans Affairs.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 59 of title 38, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 5906. <<NOTE: 38 USC 5906.>>  Availability of legal 
                  assistance at Department facilities

    ``(a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  In General.--Not less frequently than 
three times each year, the Secretary shall facilitate the provision by a 
qualified legal assistance clinic of pro bono legal assistance described 
in subsection (c) to eligible individuals at not fewer than one medical 
center of the Department of Veterans Affairs, or such other facility of 
the Department as the Secretary considers appropriate, in each State.

    ``(b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, an 
eligible individual is--
            ``(1) any veteran;
            ``(2) any surviving spouse; or
            ``(3) any child of a veteran who has died.

    ``(c) Pro Bono Legal Assistance Described.--The pro bono legal 
assistance described in this subsection is the following:
            ``(1) Legal assistance with any program administered by the 
        Secretary.
            ``(2) Legal assistance associated with--
                    ``(A) improving the status of a military discharge 
                or characterization of service in the Armed Forces, 
                including through a discharge review board; or
                    ``(B) seeking a review of a military record before a 
                board of correction for military or naval records.
            ``(3) Such other legal assistance as the Secretary--
                    ``(A) considers appropriate; and
                    ``(B) determines may be needed by eligible 
                individuals.

    ``(d) Limitation on Use of Facilities.--Space in a medical center or 
facility designated under subsection (a) shall be reserved for and may 
only be used by the following, subject to review and removal from 
participation by the Secretary:
            ``(1) A veterans service organization or other nonprofit 
        organization.
            ``(2) A legal assistance clinic associated with an 
        accredited law school.
            ``(3) A legal services organization.
            ``(4) A bar association.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3618]]

            ``(5) Such other attorneys and entities as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

    ``(e) Legal Assistance in Rural Areas.--In carrying out this 
section, the Secretary shall ensure that pro bono legal assistance is 
provided under subsection (a) in rural areas.
    ``(f) Definition of Veterans Service Organization.--In this section, 
the term `veterans service organization' means any organization 
recognized by the Secretary for the representation of veterans under 
section 5902 of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 59 of such title <<NOTE: 38 USC 5901 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 38 USC 5906 note.>>  Pilot Program to Establish and 
Support Legal Assistance Clinics.--
            (1) Pilot program required.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Deadline. Assessment.>>  In general.--
                Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
                of this Act, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
                establish a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
                advisability of awarding grants to eligible entities to 
                establish new legal assistance clinics, or enhance 
                existing legal assistance clinics or other pro bono 
                efforts, for the provision of pro bono legal assistance 
                described in subsection (c) of section 5906 of title 38, 
                United States Code, as added by subsection (a), on a 
                year-round basis to individuals who served in the Armed 
                Forces, including individuals who served in a reserve 
                component of the Armed Forces, and who were discharged 
                or released therefrom, regardless of the conditions of 
                such discharge or release, at locations other than 
                medical centers and facilities described in subsection 
                (a) of such section.
                    (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in subparagraph 
                (A) shall be construed to limit or affect--
                          (i) the provision of pro bono legal assistance 
                      to eligible individuals at medical centers and 
                      facilities of the Department of Veterans Affairs 
                      under section 5906(a) of title 38, United States 
                      Code, as added by subsection (a); or
                          (ii) any other legal assistance provided pro 
                      bono at medical centers or facilities of the 
                      Department as of the date of the enactment of this 
                      Act.
            (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of the pilot program, 
        an eligible entity is--
                    (A) a veterans service organization or other 
                nonprofit organization specifically focused on assisting 
                veterans;
                    (B) an entity specifically focused on assisting 
                veterans and associated with an accredited law school;
                    (C) a legal services organization or bar 
                association; or
                    (D) such other type of entity as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate for purposes of the pilot program.
            (3) <<NOTE: Grants. Determination.>>  Locations.--The 
        Secretary shall ensure that at least one grant is awarded under 
        paragraph (1)(A) to at least one eligible entity in each State, 
        if the Secretary determines that there is such an entity in a 
        State that has applied for, and meets requirements for the award 
        of, such a grant.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3619]]

            (4) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
        program during the five-year period beginning on the date on 
        which the Secretary establishes the pilot program.
            (5) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a grant under 
        the pilot program shall submit to the Secretary an application 
        therefore at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
        information as the Secretary may require.
            (6) Selection.--The Secretary shall select eligible entities 
        who submit applications under paragraph (5) for the award of 
        grants under the pilot program using a competitive process that 
        takes into account the following:
                    (A) Capacity of the applicant entity to serve 
                veterans and ability of the entity to provide sound 
                legal advice.
                    (B) Demonstrated need of the veteran population the 
                applicant entity would serve.
                    (C) Demonstrated need of the applicant entity for 
                assistance from the grants.
                    (D) Geographic diversity of applicant entities.
                    (E) Such other criteria as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (7) <<NOTE: Criteria.>>  Grantee reports.--Each recipient of 
        a grant under the pilot program shall, in accordance with such 
        criteria as the Secretary may establish, submit to the Secretary 
        a report on the activities of the recipient and how the grant 
        amounts were used.

    (c) Review of Pro Bono Eligibility of Federal Workers.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        Veterans Affairs shall, in consultation with the Attorney 
        General and the Director of the Office of Government Ethics, 
        conduct a review of the rules and regulations governing the 
        circumstances under which attorneys employed by the Federal 
        Government can provide pro bono legal assistance.
            (2) Recommendations.--In conducting the review required by 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop recommendations for 
        such legislative or administrative action as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate to facilitate greater participation by 
        Federal employees in pro bono legal and other volunteer services 
        for veterans.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Submittal to congress.--Not later 
        than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress--
                    (A) the findings of the Secretary with respect to 
                the review conducted under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  the 
                recommendations developed by the Secretary under 
                paragraph (2).

    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
Congress a report on the status of the implementation of this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and the 
                Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3620]]

            (2) Veterans service organization.--The term ``veterans 
        service organization'' means any organization recognized by the 
        Secretary for the representation of veterans under section 5902 
        of title 38, United States Code.
SEC. 549. CLARIFICATION OF TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND 
                        MOTOR VEHICLES OF SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR 
                        CATASTROPHIC INJURY OR ILLNESS OR DIE 
                        WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Paragraph (4) of section 
305(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3955(a)) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--
                    ``(A) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Termination.--If the 
                lessee on a lease described in subsection (b) incurs a 
                catastrophic injury or illness during a period of 
                military service or while performing covered service, 
                during the one-year period beginning on the date on 
                which the lessee incurs such injury or illness--
                          ``(i) the lessee may terminate the lease; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of a lessee who lacks the 
                      mental capacity to contract or to manage his or 
                      her own affairs (including disbursement of funds 
                      without limitation) due to such injury or illness, 
                      the spouse or dependent of the lessee may 
                      terminate the lease.
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                          ``(i) The term `catastrophic injury or 
                      illness' has the meaning given that term in 
                      section 439(g) of title 37, United States Code.
                          ``(ii) The term `covered service' means full-
                      time National Guard duty, active Guard and Reserve 
                      duty, or inactive-duty training (as such terms are 
                      defined in section 101(d) of title 10, United 
                      States Code).''.

    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such section is amended by striking 
``The spouse of the lessee'' and inserting ``The spouse or dependent of 
the lessee''.
SEC. 549A. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note prec.>>  MULTIDISCIPLINARY 
                          BOARD TO EVALUATE SUICIDE EVENTS.

    (a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue 
guidance that requires each suicide event involving of a member of a 
covered Armed Force to be reviewed by a multidisciplinary board 
established at the command or installation level, or by the Chief of the 
covered Armed Force. Such guidance shall require that, for each suicide 
event reviewed by such a board, the board shall--
            (1) clearly define the objective, purpose, and outcome of 
        the review;
            (2) take a multidisciplinary approach to the review and 
        include, as part of the review process, leaders of military 
        units, medical and mental health professionals, and 
        representatives of military criminal investigative 
        organizations; and
            (3) take appropriate steps to protect and share information 
        obtained from ongoing investigations into the event (such as 
        medical and law enforcement reports).

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Implementation by Covered Armed Forces.--
Not later than 90 days after the date on which the guidance is issued 
under subsection (a), the Chiefs of the covered Armed Forces shall 
implement the guidance.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3621]]

    (c) Progress Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the progress of the 
Secretary in implementing the guidance required under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, 
and Space Force.
SEC. 549B. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1787 note.>>  IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT 
                          OF DEFENSE TRACKING OF AND RESPONSE TO 
                          INCIDENTS OF CHILD ABUSE, ADULT CRIMES 
                          AGAINST CHILDREN, AND SERIOUS HARMFUL 
                          BEHAVIOR BETWEEN CHILDREN AND YOUTH 
                          INVOLVING MILITARY DEPENDENTS ON 
                          MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Improvements Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, consistent 
        with recommendations of the Comptroller General of the United 
        States in Government Accountability Office report GA0-20-110, 
        take actions in accordance with this section in order to improve 
        the efforts of the Department of Defense to track and respond to 
        incidents of serious harm to children involving dependents of 
        members of the Armed Forces that occur on military installations 
        (in this section referred to as ``covered incidents of serious 
        harm to children'').
            (2) Serious harm to children defined.--In this section, the 
        term ``serious harm to children'' includes the following:
                    (A) Caregiver child abuse involving physical abuse, 
                sexual abuse, emotional abuse, or neglect.
                    (B) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.
                    (C) Serious harmful behaviors between children and 
                youth of a physical, sexual, or emotional nature.

    (b) Data Collection and Tracking of Incidents of Harm to Children.--
            (1) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall establish a process for the 
        Department of Defense to track reported covered incidents of 
        serious harm to children described in subsection (a)(2)(B) in 
        which the alleged offender is an adult who is not a parent, 
        guardian, or someone in a caregiving role at the time of the 
        incident. The information so tracked shall comport with the 
        information tracked by the Department in reported covered 
        incidents of serious harm to children in which the alleged 
        offender is a parent, guardian, or someone in a caregiving role 
        at the time of the incident.
            (2) Serious harmful behaviors between children and youth.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Database. Determination.>>  In 
                general.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
                maintain in the Department of Defense a centralized 
                database to track incidents of serious harmful behaviors 
                between children and youth described in subsection 
                (a)(2)(C), including information across the Department 
                on problematic sexual behavior in children and youth 
                that are reported to an appropriate office, as 
                determined by the Secretary, or investigated by a 
                military criminal investigative organization, regardless 
                of whether the

[[Page 134 STAT. 3622]]

                alleged offender was another child, an adult, or someone 
                in a non-caregiving role at the time of an incident.
                    (B) Elements.--The centralized database required by 
                this paragraph shall include, for each incident within 
                the database, the following:
                          (i) Information pertinent to a determination 
                      by the Department on whether such incident meets 
                      the definition of an incident of serious harmful 
                      behavior between children and youth.
                          (ii) The results of any investigation of such 
                      incident by a military criminal investigative 
                      organization.
                          (iii) Information on the ultimate disposition 
                      of the incident, if any, including any 
                      administrative or prosecutorial action taken.
                    (C) Annual reports on information.--The information 
                collected and maintained in the centralized database 
                required by this paragraph shall be reported on an 
                annual basis as part of the annual reports by the 
                Secretary on child abuse and domestic abuse in the 
                military as required by section 574 of the National 
                Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2141).
                    (D) <<NOTE: Deadline. Time period.>>  Briefings.--
                Not later than March 31, 2021, and every six months 
                thereafter until the centralized database required by 
                this paragraph is fully operational, the Secretary shall 
                brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
                the House of Representatives on the status of the 
                database.
            (3) Department of defense reporting guidance.--The Secretary 
        of Defense shall issue guidance regarding which incidents of 
        serious harmful behavior between children and youth require 
        reporting to the Family Advocacy Program, a military criminal 
        investigative organization, or another component of the 
        Department of Defense designated by the Secretary.

    (c) Response Procedures for Incidents of Serious Harm to Children 
Reported to Family Advocacy Programs.--
            (1) Incident determination committee membership.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the voting membership of 
        each Incident Determination Committee, as defined in paragraph 
        (7), on a military installation includes medical personnel with 
        the knowledge and expertise required to determine whether a 
        reported incident of serious harm to a child meets the criteria 
        of the Department of Defense for treatment as child abuse.
            (2) Screening reported incidents of serious harm to 
        children.--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Development of 
                standardized process.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
                develop a standardized process by which the Family 
                Advocacy Programs of the military departments screen 
                reported covered incidents of serious harm to children 
                to determine whether to present such incident to an 
                Incident Determination Committee.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Compliance.>>  Monitoring.--The 
                Secretary of each military department shall develop a 
                process to monitor the manner in which reported 
                incidents of serious harm to children are screened by 
                each installation under the jurisdiction of such 
                Secretary in order to ensure that such screening

[[Page 134 STAT. 3623]]

                complies with the standardized screening process 
                developed pursuant to subparagraph (A).
            (3) Required notifications.--
                    (A) Documentation.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall require that installation Family 
                Advocacy Programs and military criminal investigative 
                organizations under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
                document in their respective databases the date on which 
                they notified the other of a reported incident of 
                serious harm to a child.
                    (B) Oversight.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall require that the Family Advocacy 
                Program of such military department, and the 
                headquarters of the military criminal investigative 
                organizations of such military department, develop 
                processes to oversee the documentation of notifications 
                required by subparagraph (A) in order to ensure that 
                such notifications occur on a consistent basis at 
                installation level.
            (4) Certified pediatric sexual assault forensic examiners.--
                    (A) Geographic regions for examiners.--The Secretary 
                of Defense shall specify geographic regions in which 
                military families reside for purposes of the 
                availability of and access to certified pediatric sexual 
                assault examiners in such regions.
                    (B) Availability.--The Secretary shall ensure that--
                          (i) one or more certified pediatric sexual 
                      assault examiners are located in each geographic 
                      region specified pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
                          (ii) examiners so located serve as certified 
                      pediatric sexual assault examiners throughout such 
                      region, without regard to Armed Force or 
                      installation.
            (5) Removal of children from unsafe homes overseas.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall issue policy that clarifies and 
        standardizes across the Armed Forces the circumstances under 
        which a commander may remove a child from a potentially unsafe 
        home at an installation overseas.
            (6) Resource guide for victims of serious harm to 
        children.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of each military 
                department shall develop and maintain a comprehensive 
                guide on resources available through the Department of 
                Defense and such military department for military 
                families under the jurisdiction of such Secretary who 
                are victims of serious harm to children.
                    (B) Elements.--Each guide under this paragraph shall 
                include the following:
                          (i) Information on the response processes of 
                      the Family Advocacy Programs and military criminal 
                      investigative organizations of the military 
                      department concerned.
                          (ii) <<NOTE: Lists.>>  Lists of available 
                      support services, such as legal, medical, and 
                      victim advocacy services, through the Department 
                      of Defense and the military department concerned.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3624]]

                    (C) Distribution.--A resource guide under this 
                paragraph shall be presented to a military family by an 
                installation Family Advocacy Program and military 
                criminal investigative personnel when a covered incident 
                of serious harm to a child involving a child in such 
                family is reported.
                    (D) Availability on internet.--A current version of 
                each resource guide under this paragraph shall be 
                available to the public on an Internet website of the 
                military department concerned available to the public.
            (7) Incident determination committee defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``Incident Determination Committee'' means 
        a committee established at a military installation that is 
        responsible for reviewing reported incidents of child abuse and 
        determining whether such incidents constitute serious harm to 
        children according to the applicable criteria of the Department 
        of Defense.

    (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military Resources.--
            (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Notification.>>  continue the outreach 
                efforts of the Department of Defense to the States in 
                order to ensure that States are notified when a member 
                of the Armed Forces or a military dependent is involved 
                in a reported incident of serious harm to a child off a 
                military installation; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Memorandums.>>  increase efforts at 
                information sharing between the Department and the 
                States on such incidents of serious harm to children, 
                including entry into memoranda of understanding with 
                State child welfare agencies on information sharing in 
                connection with such incidents.
            (2) Collaboration with national children's alliance.--
                    (A) Memoranda of understanding.--The Secretary of 
                each military department shall seek to enter into a 
                memorandum of understanding with the National Children's 
                Alliance, or similar organization, under which--
                          (i) the children's advocacy center services of 
                      the Alliance are available to all installations in 
                      the continental United States under the 
                      jurisdiction of such Secretary; and
                          (ii) members of the Armed Forces under the 
                      jurisdiction of such Secretary are made aware of 
                      the nature and availability of such services.
                    (B) Participation of certain entities.--Each 
                memorandum of understanding under this paragraph shall 
                provide for the appropriate participation of the Family 
                Advocacy Program and military criminal investigative 
                organizations of the military department concerned in 
                activities under such memorandum of understanding.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 
                one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary of each military department shall provide 
                to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
                the House of Representatives a briefing on the status of 
                the development of a memorandum of understanding with 
                the National Children's Alliance under this paragraph, 
                together with information on which installations, if 
                any, under the jurisdiction of such Secretary have 
                entered into a written agreement with a

[[Page 134 STAT. 3625]]

                local children's advocacy center with respect to serious 
                harm to children on such installations.
SEC. 549C. INDEPENDENT ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON DOMESTIC 
                          VIOLENCE IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Analysis and Recommendations.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Contracts.>>  In general.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall seek to enter into a contract or other agreement 
        with an appropriate entity in the private sector (including a 
        Federally funded research and development center) for the 
        conduct of an analysis and the development of recommendations on 
        means to improve the effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces 
        in responding to and preventing domestic violence.
            (2) Expertise.--The entity with which the Secretary enters 
        into a contract or agreement pursuant to this section shall have 
        expertise in--
                    (A) scientific and other research relating to 
                domestic violence; and
                    (B) science-based strategies for the prevention, 
                intervention, and response to domestic violence.

    (b) Scope of Analysis and Recommendations.--Under the contract or 
agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a), the entity concerned 
shall analyze and develop recommendations for the Secretary with respect 
to each of the following:
            (1) The risk of domestic violence at various stages of 
        military service, including identification of--
                    (A) stages at which there is a higher than average 
                risk of domestic violence; and
                    (B) stages at which the implementation of domestic 
                violence prevention strategies may have the greatest 
                preventive effect.
            (2) The use and dissemination of domestic violence 
        prevention resources throughout the stages of military service, 
        including providing new members with training in domestic 
        violence prevention.
            (3) Best practices for the targeting of domestic violence 
        prevention resources toward those with a higher risk of domestic 
        violence.
            (4) <<NOTE: Strategies.>>  Strategies to prevent domestic 
        violence by training, educating, and assigning prevention-
        related responsibilities to--
                    (A) commanders;
                    (B) medical, behavioral, and mental health service 
                providers;
                    (C) family advocacy program representatives;
                    (D) Military Family Life Consultants; and
                    (E) other individuals and entities with 
                responsibilities that may be relevant to addressing 
                domestic violence.
            (5) The efficacy of providing survivors of domestic violence 
        with the option to request expedited transfers, and the effects 
        of such transfers.
            (6) <<NOTE: Procedures.>>  Improvements to procedures for 
        reporting appropriate legal actions to the National Crime 
        Information Center, and the efficacy of such procedures.
            (7) The effects of domestic violence on--
                    (A) housing for military families;
                    (B) the education of military dependent children;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3626]]

                    (C) member work assignments and careers; and
                    (D) the health of members and their families, 
                including short-term and long-term health effects and 
                effects on mental health.
            (8) Age-appropriate training and education programs for 
        students attending schools operated by the Department of Defense 
        Education Activity that are designed to assist such students in 
        learning positive relationship behaviors in families and with 
        intimate partners.
            (9) The potential effects of requiring military protective 
        orders to be issued by a military judge, including whether such 
        a requirement would increase the enforcement of military 
        protective orders by civilian law enforcement agencies outside 
        the boundaries of military installations.
            (10) Whether prevention of domestic violence would be 
        enhanced by raising the disposition authority for offenses of 
        domestic violence to an officer who is--
                    (A) in grade 0-6 or above;
                    (B) in the chain of command of the accused; and
                    (C) authorized by chapter 47 of title 10, United 
                States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), to 
                convene special courts martial.
            (11) Means of improving access to resources for survivors of 
        domestic violence throughout the stages of military service.
            (12) Any other matters the Secretary specifies in the 
        contract or agreement with respect to--
                    (A) decreasing the frequency of domestic violence 
                committed by or upon members of the covered Armed Forces 
                and their dependents; and
                    (B) reducing the severity of such violence.

    (c) Access to Information and Facilities.--The Secretary shall 
provide the entity with which the Secretary contracts or enters into an 
agreement pursuant to subsection (a) such access to information and 
facilities of the Department of Defense as the Secretary and the entity 
jointly consider appropriate for the analysis and development of 
recommendations required by the contract.
    (d) Report to Secretary of Defense.--
            (1) In general.--The contract or agreement pursuant to 
        subsection (a) shall require the entity with which the Secretary 
        contracts or enters into agreement to submit to the Secretary a 
        report on the analysis conducted and recommendations developed 
        by the entity under the contract or agreement by not later than 
        one year after the date of entry into the contract or agreement.
            (2) Elements.--The report required pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive description of the analysis 
                conducted by the entity concerned under the contract or 
                agreement.
                    (B) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of the recommendations 
                developed by the entity, including, for each such 
                recommendation, a justification for such recommendation.
                    (C) Such other matters as the Secretary shall 
                specify in the contract or agreement.

    (e) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after receipt of 
        the report required pursuant to subsection (d), the Secretary

[[Page 134 STAT. 3627]]

        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives a report on means to improve 
        the effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in responding to 
        and preventing domestic violence.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The report received by the Secretary pursuant to 
                subsection (d).
                    (B) For each recommendation included in the report 
                pursuant to subsection (d) by reason of paragraph (2)(B) 
                of that subsection--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment by 
                      the Secretary of the feasibility and advisability 
                      of implementing such recommendation; and
                          (ii) if the Secretary considers the 
                      implementation of such recommendation feasible and 
                      advisable, a description of the actions taken, or 
                      to be taken, to implement such recommendation.
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the improvement 
                of the effectiveness of the covered Armed Forces in 
                responding to and preventing domestic violence as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate in light of the report 
                pursuant to subsection (d).

    (f) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2021 for the Department of Defense by section 301 and available for 
operation and maintenance, Defense wide, as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $1,000,000 shall be available for contract or 
agreement entered into pursuant to subsection (a).
    (g) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and 
the Marine Corps.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

SEC. 551. DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION REPORTING REQUIREMENTS AND 
                        RELATED MATTERS.

    (a) Standard Diversity and Inclusion Metrics and Annual Report 
Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Section 113 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                      paragraphs (3) and (4), respectively; and
                          (ii) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                      following new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) a report from each military department on the status 
        of diversity and inclusion in such department;'';
                    (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by inserting after 
                clause (vi), the following new clause (vii):
            ``(vii) Strategic goals related to diversity and inclusion 
        in the armed forces, and an assessment of measures of 
        performance related to the efforts of the armed forces to 
        reflect the diverse population of the United States eligible to 
        serve in the armed forces.'';

[[Page 134 STAT. 3628]]

                    (C) by redesignating subsections (m) and (n) as 
                subsections (n) and (o), respectively; and
                    (D) by inserting after subsection (k) the following 
                new subsections (l) and (m):

    ``(l) <<NOTE: Coordination.>> (1) The Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating, shall establish metrics to measure--
            ``(A) efforts to reflect across all grades comprising the 
        officer and enlisted corps of each armed force the diverse 
        population of the United States eligible to serve in the armed 
        forces; and
            ``(B) the efforts of the armed forces to generate and 
        maintain a ready military force that will prevail in war, 
        prevent and deter conflict, defeat adversaries, and succeed in a 
        wide range of contingencies.

    ``(2) In implementing the requirement in paragraph (1), the 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, shall--
            ``(A) <<NOTE: Data.>>  ensure that data elements, data 
        collection methodologies, and reporting processes and structures 
        pertinent to each metric established pursuant to that paragraph 
        are comparable across the armed forces, to the extent 
        practicable;
            ``(B) establish standard classifications that members of the 
        armed forces may use to self-identify their gender, race, or 
        ethnicity, which classifications shall be consistent with Office 
        of Management and Budget Number Directive 15, entitled `Race and 
        Ethnic Standards for Federal Statistics and Administrative 
        Reporting', or any successor directive;
            ``(C) define conscious and unconscious bias with respect to 
        matters of diversity and inclusion, and provide guidance to 
        eliminate such bias;
            ``(D) <<NOTE: Analysis. Reviews.>>  conduct a barrier 
        analysis to review demographic diversity patterns across the 
        military life cycle, starting with enlistment or accession into 
        the armed forces, in order to--
                    ``(i) identify barriers to increasing diversity;
                    ``(ii) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  develop and implement plans 
                and processes to resolve or eliminate any barriers to 
                diversity; and
                    ``(iii) review the progress of the armed forces in 
                implementing previous plans and processes to resolve or 
                eliminate barriers to diversity;
            ``(E) <<NOTE: Plans.>>  develop and implement plans and 
        processes to ensure that advertising and marketing to promote 
        enlistment or accession into the armed forces is representative 
        of the diverse population of the United States eligible to serve 
        in the armed forces; and
            ``(F) <<NOTE: Time period. Assessment. Recommenda- tions.>>  
        meet annually with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the Chiefs of 
        Staff of the Armed Forces to assess progress toward diversity 
        and inclusion across the armed forces and to elicit 
        recommendations and advice for enhancing diversity and inclusion 
        in the armed forces

    ``(m) <<NOTE: Coordination. Reports.>>  Accompanying each national 
defense strategy provided to the congressional defense committees in 
accordance with subsection (g)(1)(D), the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating, shall provide a report that sets forth a detailed 
discussion, current as of the preceding fiscal year, of the following:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3629]]

            ``(1) The number of officers and enlisted members of the 
        armed forces, including the reserve components, disaggregated by 
        gender, race, and ethnicity, for each grade in each armed force.
            ``(2) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
        the reserve components, who were promoted during the fiscal year 
        covered by such report, disaggregated by gender, race, and 
        ethnicity, for each grade in each armed force, and of the number 
        so promoted, the number promoted below, in, and above the 
        applicable promotion zone.
            ``(3) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
        the reserve components, who were enlisted or accessed into the 
        armed forces during the fiscal year covered by such report, 
        disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, in each armed 
        force.
            ``(4) The number of graduates of each military service 
        academy during the fiscal year covered by such report, 
        disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, for each military 
        department and the United States Coast Guard.
            ``(5) The number of members of the armed forces, including 
        the reserve components, who reenlisted or otherwise extended a 
        commitment to military service during the fiscal year covered by 
        such report, disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, for 
        each grade in each armed force.
            ``(6) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the pool of 
        officers best qualified for promotion to grades O-9 and O-10, 
        disaggregated by gender, race, and ethnicity, in each military 
        department and the United States Coast Guard.
            ``(7) Any other matter the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: Deadline. Web posting. 10 USC 113 note.>>  
        Public availability of reports.--Not later than 72 hours after 
        submitting to the congressional defense committees a report 
        required by subsection (m) of section 113 of title 10, United 
        States Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), the Secretary of 
        Defense shall make the report available on an Internet website 
        of the Department of Defense available to the 
        public. <<NOTE: Data.>>  In so making a report available, the 
        Secretary shall ensure that any data included in the report is 
        made available in a machine-readable format that is 
        downloadable, searchable, and sortable.
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 113 note.>>  Construction of metrics.--
                    (A) With merit-based processes.--Any metric 
                established pursuant to subsection (l) of section 113 of 
                title 10, United States Code (as so amended), may not be 
                used in a manner that undermines the merit-based 
                processes of the Department of Defense and the Coast 
                Guard, including such processes for accession, 
                retention, and promotion.
                    (B) With other matters.--Any such metric may not be 
                used to identify or specify specific quotas based upon 
                diversity characteristics. The Secretary concerned shall 
                continue to account for diversified language and 
                cultural skills among the total force of the Armed 
                Forces.
            (4) Repeal of superseded reporting requirement.--Section 
        115a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (g); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (h) as subsection 
                (g).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3630]]

    (b) Requirement to Consider All Best Qualified Officers for 
Promotion to O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            (1) In general.--Section 601 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:

    ``(e) Prior to making a recommendation to the Secretary of Defense 
for the nomination of an officer for appointment to a position of 
importance and responsibility under this section, which appointment 
would result in the initial appointment of the officer concerned in the 
grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the Navy, or the commensurate grades 
in the Space Force, the Secretary concerned shall consider all officers 
determined to be among the best qualified for such position.''.
            (2) Coast guard.--Section 305(a) of title 14, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(4) Prior to making a recommendation to the President for the 
nomination of an officer for appointment to a position of importance and 
responsibility under this section, which appointment would result in the 
initial appointment of the officer concerned in the grade of vice 
admiral, the Commandant shall consider all officers determined to be 
among the best qualified for such position.''.
    (c) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Report on Findings of Defense 
Board on Diversity and Inclusion in the Military.--
            (1) In general.--Upon the completion by the Defense Board on 
        Diversity and Inclusion in the Military of its report on 
        actionable recommendations to increase diversity and ensure 
        equal opportunity across all grades of the Armed Forces, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        on the report of the Defense Board, including the findings and 
        recommendations of the Defense Board.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive description of the findings and 
                recommendations of the Defense Board in its report 
                referred to in paragraph (1).
                    (B) A comprehensive description of any actionable 
                recommendations of the Defense Board in its report.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  A description of the 
                actions proposed to be undertaken by the Secretary in 
                connection with such recommendations, and a timeline for 
                implementation of such actions.
                    (D) <<NOTE: Data.>>  Any data used by the Defense 
                Board and in the development of its findings and 
                recommendations.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  A description of the 
                resources used by the Defense Board for its report, and 
                a description and assessment of any shortfalls in such 
                resources for purposes of the Defense Board.

    (d) Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the 
Armed Forces Matters.--
            (1) Report.--At the same time the Secretary of Defense 
        submits the report required by subsection (c), the Secretary 
        shall also submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the

[[Page 134 STAT. 3631]]

        Defense Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the 
        Armed Forces.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The mission statement or purpose of the Advisory 
                Committee, and any proposed objectives and goals of the 
                Advisory Committee.
                    (B) A description of current members of the Advisory 
                Committee and the criteria used for selecting members.
                    (C) A description of the duties and scope of 
                activities of the Advisory Committee.
                    (D) The reporting structure of the Advisory 
                Committee.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Cost estimate.>>  An estimate of the 
                annual operating costs and staff years of the Advisory 
                Committee.
                    (F) <<NOTE: Estimate.>>  An estimate of the number 
                and frequency of meetings of the Advisory Committee.
                    (G) Any subcommittees, established or proposed, that 
                would support the Advisory Committee.
            (3) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Notice and wait on 
        dissolution.--The Secretary may not dissolve the Defense 
        Advisory Committee on Diversity and Inclusion in the Armed 
        Forces until 60 days after the date on which the Secretary 
        submits to the committees of Congress specified in paragraph (1) 
        a notice on the dissolution of the Advisory Committee.
SEC. 
                        552. <<NOTE: Determinations. Notifications. Deadlines. Assessme
                        nts.>>  NATIONAL EMERGENCY EXCEPTION FOR 
                        TIMING REQUIREMENTS WITH RESPECT TO 
                        CERTAIN SURVEYS OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED 
                        FORCES.

    (a) Members of Regular and Reserve Components.--Subsection (d) of 
section 481 of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(d) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  When Surveys Required.--(1) The Armed 
Forces Workplace and Gender Relations Surveys of the Active Duty and the 
Armed Forces Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of the Reserve 
Components shall each be conducted once every two years. The surveys may 
be conducted within the same year or in two separate years, and shall be 
conducted in a manner designed to reduce the burden of the surveys on 
members of the armed forces.

    ``(2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  The two Armed Forces Workplace and 
Equal Opportunity Surveys shall be conducted at least once every four 
years. The surveys may be conducted within the same year or in two 
separate years, and shall be conducted in a manner designed to reduce 
the burden of the surveys on members of the armed forces.

    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of a 
survey under this section if the Secretary determines that conducting 
such survey is not practicable due to a war or national emergency 
declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed under 
subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable after the end of 
the period of war or national emergency concerned, or earlier if the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a determination under 
subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary makes such determination.''.
    (b) Cadets and Midshipmen.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3632]]

            (1) United states military academy.--Section 7461(c) of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
        the following new paragraph:

    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
            (2) United states naval academy.--Section 8480(c) of such 
        title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
            (3) United states air force academy.--Section 9461(c) of 
        such title is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(3)(A) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the conduct of an 
assessment under this subsection if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such assessment is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(B) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that an assessment 
postponed under subparagraph (A) is conducted as soon as practicable 
after the end of the period of war or national emergency concerned, or 
earlier if the Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall notify Congress of a 
determination under subparagraph (A) not later than 30 days after the 
date on which the Secretary makes such determination.''.
    (c) Department of Defense Civilian Employees.--Section 481a of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following 
new subsection:
    ``(d) Postponement.--(1) The Secretary of Defense may postpone the 
conduct of a survey under this section if the Secretary determines that 
conducting such survey is not practicable due to a war or national 
emergency declared by the President or Congress.
    ``(2) The Secretary shall ensure that a survey postponed under 
paragraph (1) is conducted as soon as practicable after the end of the 
period of war or national emergency concerned, or earlier if the 
Secretary determines appropriate.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall notify Congress of a determination under 
paragraph (1) not later than 30 days after the date on which the 
Secretary makes such determination.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3633]]

SEC. 553. <<NOTE: 10 USC 480 note prec.>>  QUESTIONS REGARDING 
                        RACISM, ANTI-SEMITISM, AND SUPREMACISM IN 
                        WORKPLACE SURVEYS ADMINISTERED BY THE 
                        SECRETARY OF DEFENSE.

    Section 593 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) <<NOTE: 133 Stat. 1415.>>  is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Questions Required.--'' before ``The 
        Secretary'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``, racist, anti-Semitic, 
        or supremacist'' after ``extremist''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2021, 
the Secretary shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing including--
            ``(1) the text of the questions included in surveys under 
        subsection (a); and
            ``(2) which surveys include such questions.''.
SEC. 554. <<NOTE: 10 USC 141 note.>>  INSPECTOR GENERAL OVERSIGHT 
                        OF DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION IN DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE; SUPREMACIST, EXTREMIST, OR 
                        CRIMINAL GANG ACTIVITY IN THE ARMED 
                        FORCES.

    (a) Establishment of Additional Deputy Inspector General of the 
Department of Defense.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Appointment.>>  In general.--Not later 
        than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall appoint, in the Office of the 
        Inspector General of the Department of Defense, an additional 
        Deputy Inspector General who--
                    (A) shall be a member of the Senior Executive 
                Service of the Department; and
                    (B) shall report directly to and serve under the 
                authority, direction, and control of the Inspector 
                General.
            (2) Duties.--Subject to the Inspector General Act of 1978 
        (Public Law 95-452; 5 U.S.C. App.), the Deputy Inspector General 
        shall have the following duties:
                    (A) Conducting and supervising audits, 
                investigations, and evaluations of policies, programs, 
                systems, and processes of the Department--
                          (i) to determine the effect of such policies, 
                      programs, systems, and processes regarding 
                      personnel on diversity and inclusion in the 
                      Department; and
                          (ii) to prevent and respond to supremacist, 
                      extremist, and criminal gang activity of a member 
                      of the Armed Forces, including the duties of the 
                      Inspector General under subsection (b).
                    (B) Additional duties prescribed by the Secretary or 
                Inspector General.
            (3) Coordination of efforts.--In carrying out the duties 
        under paragraph (2), the Deputy Inspector General shall 
        coordinate with, and receive the cooperation of the following:
                    (A) The Inspector General of the Army.
                    (B) The Inspector General of the Navy.
                    (C) The Inspector General of the Air Force.
                    (D) The other Deputy Inspectors General of the 
                Department.
            (4) Reports.--
                    (A) One-time report.--Not later than 180 days after 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, the Inspector 
                General

[[Page 134 STAT. 3634]]

                shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
                describing, with respect to the Deputy Inspector General 
                appointed under this subsection:
                          (i) the duties and responsibilities to be 
                      assigned to such Deputy Inspector General;
                          (ii) the organization, structure, staffing, 
                      and funding of the office established to support 
                      such Deputy Inspector General in the execution of 
                      such duties and responsibilities;
                          (iii) challenges to the establishment of such 
                      Deputy Inspector General and such office, 
                      including any shortfalls in personnel and funding; 
                      and
                          (iv) the date by which the Inspector General 
                      expects such Deputy Inspector General and the 
                      office will reach full operational capability.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  Semiannual reports.--Not 
                later than 30 days after the end of the second and 
                fourth quarters of each fiscal year beginning in fiscal 
                year 2022, the Deputy Inspector General shall submit to 
                the Secretary and the Inspector General a report 
                including a summary of the activities of the Deputy 
                Inspector General during the two fiscal quarters 
                preceding the date of the report.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Annual reports.--
                The Deputy Inspector General shall submit, through the 
                Secretary and Inspector General, to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives annual reports presenting findings and 
                recommendations regarding--
                          (i) the effects of policies, programs, 
                      systems, and processes of the Department, 
                      regarding personnel, on diversity and inclusion in 
                      the Department; and
                          (ii) the effectiveness of such policies, 
                      programs, systems, and processes in preventing and 
                      responding to supremacist, extremist, and criminal 
                      gang activity of a member of the Armed Forces.
                    (D) Occasional reports.--The Deputy Inspector 
                General shall, from time to time, submit to the 
                Secretary and the Inspector General additional reports 
                as the Secretary or Inspector General may direct.
                    (E) <<NOTE: Public information. Deadline.>>  Online 
                publication.--The Deputy Inspector General shall publish 
                each report under this paragraph on a publicly 
                accessible website of the Department not later than 21 
                days after submitting such report to the Secretary, 
                Inspector General, or the Committees on Armed Services 
                of the Senate and the House of Representatives.

    (b) Establishment of Standard Policies, Processes, Tracking 
Mechanisms, and Reporting Requirements for Supremacist, Extremist, and 
Criminal Gang Activity in Certain Armed Forces.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
        policies, processes, and mechanisms, standard across the covered 
        Armed Forces, that ensure that--
                    (A) all allegations (and related information) that a 
                member of a covered Armed Force has engaged in a 
                prohibited activity, are referred to the Inspector 
                General of the Department of Defense;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3635]]

                    (B) the Inspector General can document and track the 
                referral, for purposes of an investigation or inquiry of 
                an allegation described in paragraph (1), to--
                          (i) a military criminal investigative 
                      organization;
                          (ii) an inspector general;
                          (iii) a military police or security police 
                      organization;
                          (iv) a military commander;
                          (v) another organization or official of the 
                      Department; or
                          (vi) a civilian law enforcement organization 
                      or official;
                    (C) the Inspector General can document and track the 
                referral, to a military commander or other appropriate 
                authority, of the final report of an investigation or 
                inquiry described in subparagraph (B) for action;
                    (D) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  the Inspector General 
                can document the determination of whether a member 
                described in subparagraph (A) engaged in prohibited 
                activity;
                    (E) the Inspector General can document whether a 
                member of a covered Armed Force was subject to action 
                (including judicial, disciplinary, adverse, or 
                corrective administrative action) or no action, as the 
                case may be, based on a determination described in 
                subparagraph (D); and
                    (F) the Inspector General can provide, or track the 
                referral to a civilian law enforcement agency of, any 
                information described in this paragraph.
            (2) Report.--Not later than December 1 of each year 
        beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the appropriate 
        congressional committees a report on the policies, processes, 
        and mechanisms implemented under paragraph (1). Each report 
        shall include, with respect to the fiscal year preceding the 
        date of the report, the following:
                    (A) The total number of referrals received by the 
                Inspector General under paragraph (1)(A);
                    (B) The total number of investigations and inquiries 
                conducted pursuant to a referral described in paragraph 
                (1)(B);
                    (C) The total number of members of a covered Armed 
                Force who, on the basis of determinations described in 
                paragraph (1)(D) that the members engaged in prohibited 
                activity, were subject to action described in paragraph 
                (1)(E), including--
                          (i) court-martial,
                          (ii) other criminal prosecution,
                          (iii) non-judicial punishment under Article 15 
                      of the Uniform Code of Military Justice; or
                          (iv) administrative action, including 
                      involuntary discharge from the Armed Forces, a 
                      denial of reenlistment, or counseling.
                    (D) The total number of members of a covered Armed 
                Force described in paragraph (1)(A) who were not subject 
                to action described in paragraph (1)(E), notwithstanding 
                determinations described in paragraph (1)(D) that such 
                members engaged in prohibited activity.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3636]]

                    (E) The total number of referrals described in 
                paragraph (1)(F).
            (3) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                    (A) The term ``appropriate congressional 
                committees'' means--
                          (i) the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
                      Committee on Armed Services of the Senate; and
                          (ii) the Committee on the Judiciary and the 
                      Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                      Representatives.
                    (B) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means an Armed 
                Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a 
                military department.
                    (C) The term ``prohibited activity'' means an 
                activity prohibited under Department of Defense 
                Instruction 1325.06, titled ``Handling Dissident and 
                Protest Activities Among Members of the Armed Forces'', 
                or any successor instruction.
SEC. 555. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1030 note prec.>>  POLICY TO IMPROVE 
                        RESPONSES TO PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH BY 
                        CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Policy Required.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall develop a policy to 
ensure that the career of a member of the Armed Forces is not unduly 
affected because the member is a covered member. The policy shall 
address the following:
            (1) Enforcement and implementation of the applicable 
        requirements of the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Public Law 95-
        555; 42 U.S.C. 2000e(k)).
            (2) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  The need for individual 
        determinations regarding the ability of members of the Armed 
        Forces to serve during and after pregnancy.
            (3) Responses to the effects specific to covered members who 
        reintegrate into home life after deployment.
            (4) Education and training on pregnancy discrimination to 
        diminish stigma, stereotypes, and negative perceptions regarding 
        covered members, including with regards to commitment to the 
        Armed Forces and abilities.
            (5) Opportunities to maintain readiness when positions are 
        unfilled due to pregnancy, medical conditions arising from 
        pregnancy or childbirth, pregnancy convalescence, or parental 
        leave.
            (6) Reasonable accommodations for covered members in general 
        and specific accommodations based on career field or military 
        occupational specialty.
            (7) Consideration of deferments at military educational 
        institutions for covered members.
            (8) Extended assignments and performance reporting periods 
        for covered members.
            (9) A mechanism by which covered members may report 
        harassment or discrimination, including retaliation, relating to 
        being a covered member.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3637]]

            (1) a briefing summarizing the policy developed under this 
        section; and
            (2) a copy of the policy.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered member'' means a member of an Armed 
        Force under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
        department who--
                    (A) is pregnant;
                    (B) gives birth to a child; or
                    (C) incurs a medical condition arising from 
                pregnancy or childbirth.
            (2) The term ``military educational institution'' means a 
        postsecondary educational institution established within the 
        Department of Defense.
SEC. 556. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1030 note prec.>>  TRAINING ON CERTAIN 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE INSTRUCTIONS FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    In accordance with Department of Defense Instruction 1300.17, dated 
September 1, 2020, and applicable law, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement training on relevant Federal statutes, Department of Defense 
Instructions, and the regulations of each military department, including 
the responsibility of commanders to maintain good order and discipline.
SEC. 557. <<NOTE: 10 USC 501 note prec.>>  EVALUATION OF BARRIERS 
                        TO MINORITY PARTICIPATION IN CERTAIN UNITS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Contracts.>>  In general.--Not later 
        than 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness shall 
        seek to enter into an agreement with a federally funded research 
        and development center with relevant expertise to conduct an 
        evaluation of the barriers to minority participation in covered 
        units of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Elements.--The evaluation required under paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following elements:
                    (A) A description of the racial, ethnic, and gender 
                composition of covered units.
                    (B) A comparison of the participation rates of 
                minority populations in covered units to participation 
                rates of the general population as members and as 
                officers of the Armed Forces.
                    (C) A comparison of the percentage of minority 
                officers in the grade of O-7 or higher who have served 
                in each covered unit to such percentage for all such 
                officers in the Armed Force of that covered unit.
                    (D) An identification of barriers to minority 
                (including English language learners) participation in 
                the recruitment, accession, assessment, and training 
                processes.
                    (E) The status and effectiveness of the response to 
                the recommendations contained in the report of the RAND 
                Corporation titled ``Barriers to Minority Participation 
                in Special Operations Forces'' and any follow-up 
                recommendations.
                    (F) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations to 
                increase the numbers of minority officers in the Armed 
                Forces.
                    (G) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations to 
                increase minority participation in covered units.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3638]]

                    (H) Any other matters the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
            (3) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense committees a 
                report on the results of the study by not later than 
                January 1, 2022; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Briefings.>>  provide interim briefings 
                to such committees upon request.

    (b) Designation.--The study conducted under subsection (a) shall be 
known as the ``Study on Reducing Barriers to Minority Participation in 
Elite Units in the Armed Services''.
    (c) Implementation Required.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Except as provided in 
        paragraph (2), not later than March 1, 2023, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall commence the implementation of each recommendation 
        included in the final report submitted under subsection (a)(3).
            (2) Exceptions.--
                    (A) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of 
                Defense may commence implementation of a recommendation 
                described paragraph (1) later than March 1, 2023, if--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Notice. Deadline.>>  the Secretary 
                      submits to the congressional defense committees, 
                      not later than January 1, 2023, written notice of 
                      the intent of the Secretary to delay 
                      implementation of the recommendation; and
                          (ii) includes, as part of such notice, a 
                      specific justification for the delay in 
                      implementing the recommendation.
                    (B) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
                elect not to implement a recommendation described in 
                paragraph (1), if--
                          (i) <<NOTE: Notice. Deadline.>>  the Secretary 
                      submits to the congressional defense committees, 
                      not later than January 1, 2023, written notice of 
                      the intent of the Secretary not to implement the 
                      recommendation; and
                          (ii) includes, as part of such notice--
                                    (I) the reasons for the Secretary's 
                                decision not to implement the 
                                recommendation; and
                                    (II) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary 
                                of alternative actions the Secretary 
                                will carry out to address the purposes 
                                underlying the recommendation.
            (3) Implementation plan.--For each recommendation that the 
        Secretary implements under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees an implementation 
        plan that includes--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  a summary of actions the 
                Secretary has carried out, or intends to carry out, to 
                implement the recommendation; and
                    (B) a schedule, with specific milestones, for 
                completing the implementation of the recommendation.

    (d) Covered Units Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
units'' means the following:
            (1) Army Special Forces.
            (2) Army Rangers.
            (3) Navy SEALs.
            (4) Air Force Combat Control Teams.
            (5) Air Force Pararescue.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3639]]

            (6) Air Force Special Reconnaissance.
            (7) Marine Raider Regiments.
            (8) Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance.
            (9) Coast Guard Maritime Security Response Team.
            (10) Any other forces designated by the Secretary of Defense 
        as special operations forces.
            (11) Pilot and navigator military occupational specialties.
SEC. 558. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON EQUAL 
                        OPPORTUNITY AT THE MILITARY SERVICE 
                        ACADEMIES.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report that the following:
            (1) The aggregate number of equal opportunity claims filed 
        with respect to each military service academy during 2019 and 
        2020.
            (2) Of the number of claims specified pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) for each military service academy, the number of such claims 
        that were substantiated.
            (3) <<NOTE: Surveys. Time period.>>  The results of any 
        completed climate survey of cadets or midshipmen, as applicable, 
        conducted by each military service academy, and any authorized 
        organization external to such military service academy, during 
        the two-year period ending on December 31, 2020 (or such longer 
        period the Comptroller General determines appropriate).
            (4) <<NOTE: Analysis. Assessment.>>  An analysis of the data 
        reported pursuant to paragraphs (1) through (3), an assessment 
        whether the data indicates one or more trends in equal 
        opportunity at the military service academies, and, if so, a 
        description and assessment of each such trend.
            (5) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  A description and assessment of 
        the Equal Opportunity programs and other programs to improve the 
        climate of each military service academy, based on matters 
        raised by equal opportunity claims, climate surveys, and such 
        other evidence or assessments the Comptroller General determines 
        appropriate, including an assessment whether such programs 
        address trends identified pursuant to the analysis conducted for 
        purposes of paragraph (4).

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 561. EXTENSION OF TIME TO REVIEW WORLD WAR I VALOR MEDALS.

    (a) In General.--Section 584(f) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 
1281) <<NOTE: 10 USC 7271 note.>>  is amended by striking ``five'' and 
inserting ``six''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 7271 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect as if enacted on the date of the 
enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
(Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281).
SEC. 562. <<NOTE: President.>>  AUTHORIZATIONS FOR CERTAIN AWARDS.

    (a) Distinguished-Service Cross to Ramiro F. Olivo for Acts of Valor 
During the Vietnam War.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3640]]

            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
        specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
        certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
        President may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under 
        section 7272 of such title to Ramiro F. Olivo for the acts of 
        valor described in paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
        this paragraph are the actions of Ramiro F. Olivo on May 9, 
        1968, as a member of the Army serving in the Republic of 
        Vietnam.

    (b) Medal of Honor to Ralph Puckett, Jr., for Acts of Valor During 
the Korean War.--
            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
        specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
        certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
        President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
        such title to Ralph Puckett, Jr. for the acts of valor described 
        in paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
        this paragraph are the actions of Ralph Puckett, Jr. on November 
        25 and 26, 1950, as a member of the Army serving in Korea, for 
        which he was awarded the Distinguished-Service Cross.

    (c) Medal of Honor to Dwight M. Birdwell for Acts of Valor During 
the Vietnam War.--
            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
        specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
        certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
        President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
        such title to Dwight M. Birdwell for the acts of valor described 
        in paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
        this paragraph are the actions of Dwight M. Birdwell on January 
        31, 1968, as a member of the Army serving in the Republic of 
        Vietnam, for which he was awarded the Silver Star.

    (d) Medal of Honor to Alwyn C. Cashe for Acts of Valor During 
Operation Iraqi Freedom.--
            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
        specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or 
        any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
        certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
        President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
        such title to Alwyn C. Cashe for the acts of valor described in 
        paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
        this paragraph are the actions of Alwyn C. Cashe on October 17, 
        2005, as a member of the Army serving in Iraq in support of 
        Operation Iraqi Freedom, for which he was posthumously awarded 
        the Silver Star.

    (e) Medal of Honor to Earl D. Plumlee for Acts of Valor During 
Operation Enduring Freedom.--
            (1) Authorization.--Notwithstanding the time limitations 
        specified in section 7274 of title 10, United States Code, or

[[Page 134 STAT. 3641]]

        any other time limitation with respect to the awarding of 
        certain medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the 
        President may award the Medal of Honor under section 7271 of 
        such title to Earl D. Plumlee for the acts of valor described in 
        paragraph (2).
            (2) Acts of valor described.--The acts of valor described in 
        this paragraph are the actions of Earl D. Plumlee on August 28. 
        2013, as a member of the Army serving in Afghanistan in support 
        of Operation Enduring Freedom, for which he was awarded the 
        Silver Star.
SEC. 563. FEASIBILITY STUDY ON ESTABLISHMENT OF SERVICE MEDAL FOR 
                        RADIATION-EXPOSED VETERANS.

    (a) Study Required; Report.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report containing the 
results of a study assessing the feasibility of establishing a service 
medal to award to radiation-exposed veterans.
    (b) Elements.--The report shall contain the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  An analysis of how the decorations 
        and awards of the Department of Defense have been updated to 
        reflect the nature of military service across generations and 
        conflicts.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the conditions 
        of service of radiation-exposed veterans.
            (3) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  Any plan of the Secretary to recognize 
        (by means of a decoration or award) current, retired, or former 
        members of the Armed Forces exposed to toxic materials or 
        environments in the course of military service, including 
        radiation-exposed veterans.
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the feasibility 
        of establishing an atomic veterans service device to be added to 
        the National Defense Service Medal or another appropriate medal.
            (5) <<NOTE: Determination. Costs.>>  A determination of the 
        direct or indirect costs to the Department that would arise from 
        the establishment of such a device or other appropriate medal.
            (6) Any other element the Secretary determines appropriate.

    (c) Meeting Required.--In the course of the feasibility study, the 
Secretary shall hold no fewer than one meeting with representatives of 
organizations that advocate for radiation-exposed veterans (including 
leadership of the National Association of Atomic Veterans, Inc.) to 
discuss the study and to work with such organizations on steps towards a 
mutually agreeable and timely recognition of the valued service of 
radiation-exposed veterans.
    (d) Radiation-exposed Veteran Defined.--In this section, the term 
``radiation-exposed veteran'' has the meaning given that term in section 
1112 of title 38, United States Code.
SEC. 564. EXPRESSING SUPPORT FOR THE DESIGNATION OF SILVER STAR 
                        SERVICE BANNER DAY.

    Congress supports the designation of a ``Silver Star Service Banner 
Day'' and recommends that the President issues each year a proclamation 
calling on the people of the United States to observe Silver Star 
Service Banner Day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and 
activities.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3642]]

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

SEC. 571. MENTORSHIP AND CAREER COUNSELING PROGRAM FOR OFFICERS TO 
                        IMPROVE DIVERSITY IN MILITARY LEADERSHIP.

    (a) Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--Section 656 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsections (b) through (e) as 
                subsections (c) through (f), respectively; and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
                new subsection (b):

    ``(b) Mentoring and Career Counseling Program.--
            ``(1) Program required as part of plan.--With the goal of 
        having the diversity of the population of officers serving in 
        each branch, specialty, community, and grade of each armed force 
        reflect the diversity of the population in such armed force as a 
        whole, the Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of the 
        Department in which the Coast Guard is operating shall include 
        in the plan required by subsection (a) a mentoring and career 
        counseling program for officers.
            ``(2) Elements.--The program required by this subsection 
        shall include the following:
                    ``(A) The option for any officer to participate in 
                the program.
                    ``(B) For each officer who elects to participate in 
                the program, the following:
                          ``(i) One or more opportunities for mentoring 
                      and career counseling before selection of the 
                      officer's branch, specialty, or community.
                          ``(ii) Ongoing opportunities for mentoring and 
                      career counseling following selection of the 
                      officer's branch, specialty, or community, and 
                      continuing through the officer's military career.
                    ``(C) Mentoring and counseling during opportunities 
                under subparagraph (B) consisting of the following:
                          ``(i) Information on officer retention and 
                      promotion rates in each grade, branch, specialty, 
                      and community of the armed force concerned, 
                      including the rate at which officers in each 
                      branch, specialty, or community of such armed 
                      force are promoted to a grade above O-6.
                          ``(ii) Information on career and service 
                      pathways, including service in the reserve 
                      components.
                          ``(iii) Such other information as may be 
                      required to optimize the ability of an officer to 
                      make informed career decisions through the 
                      officer's military career.''.
            (2) Performance metrics.--Subsection (c) of such section, as 
        redesignated by paragraph (1)(A), is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
                Mentoring and Career Counseling Program'' after 
                ``Developing and Implementing Plan''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``and the mentoring and career 
                counseling program under subsection (b)'' after ``the 
                plan under subsection (a)''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3643]]

            (3) Conforming and clerical amendments.--
                    (A) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section 
                is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 656. Diversity in military leadership: plan; mentoring and 
                career counseling program''.
                    (B) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
                beginning of chapter 37 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 651 
                prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
                section 656 and inserting the following new item:

``656. Diversity in military leadership: plan; mentoring and career 
           counseling program.''.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  In general.--Not later than 270 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall, in coordination with the Secretary of the 
        Department in which the Coast Guard is operating, submit to the 
        appropriate committees of Congress a report on the mentoring and 
        career counseling program established pursuant to subsection (b) 
        of section 656 of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
        subsection (a)).
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include 
        the following:
                    (A) A description of the manner in which each Armed 
                Force will implement the mentoring and counseling 
                program,
                    (B) A description of the metrics that will be used 
                to measure progress in developing and implementing the 
                mentoring and career counseling program.
                    (C) For each Armed Force, an explanation whether the 
                mentoring and career counseling program will be carried 
                out as part of another program of such Armed Force or 
                through the establishment of a separate subprogram or 
                subprograms of such Armed Force.
                    (D) A description of the additional resources, if 
                any, that will be required to implement the mentoring 
                and career counseling program, including the specific 
                number of additional personnel authorizations that will 
                be required to staff the program.
                    (E) Such other information on the mentoring and 
                career counseling program as the Secretary of Defense 
                and the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
                Guard is operating consider appropriate.
            (3) Appropriate committees of congress defined.--In this 
        subsection, the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
                the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
                House of Representatives.
SEC. 572. EXPANSION OF SKILLBRIDGE PROGRAM TO INCLUDE THE COAST 
                        GUARD.

    Section 1143(e) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3644]]

            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``of a military 
        department'' and inserting ``concerned'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``of the military 
        department''; and
            (3) in paragraph (4), by striking ``of Defense'' and 
        inserting ``concerned''.
SEC. 573. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF PERMANENT PROFESSORS AT THE UNITED 
                        STATES AIR FORCE ACADEMY.

    Section 9431(b)(4) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``23'' and inserting ``25''.
SEC. 574. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8431 note prec.>>  ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS 
                        WITH 2021 AND 2022 CERTIFICATIONS ON THE 
                        READY, RELEVANT LEARNING INITIATIVE OF THE 
                        NAVY.

    (a) Additional Elements With 2021 Certifications.--In submitting to 
Congress in 2021 the certifications required by section 545 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
91; 131 Stat. 1396; 10 U.S.C. 8431 note prec.), relating to the Ready, 
Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall also submit each of the following:
            (1) A framework for a life cycle sustainment plan for the 
        Ready, Relevant Learning initiative meeting the requirements in 
        subsection (b).
            (2) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  A report on the use of readiness 
        assessment teams in training addressing the elements specified 
        in subsection (c).

    (b) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan Framework.--The framework for a life 
cycle sustainment plan required by subsection (a)(1) shall address each 
of the following:
            (1) Product support management.
            (2) Supply support.
            (3) Packaging, handling, storage, and transportation.
            (4) Maintenance planning and management.
            (5) Design interface.
            (6) Sustainment engineering.
            (7) Technical data.
            (8) Computer resources.
            (9) Facilities and infrastructure.
            (10) Manpower and personnel.
            (11) Support equipment.
            (12) Training and training support.
            (13) Course content and relevance.
            (14) Governance, including the acquisition and program 
        management structure.
            (15) Such other elements in the life cycle sustainment of 
        the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

    (c) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Report on Use of Readiness Assessment 
Teams.--The report required by subsection (a)(2) shall set forth the 
following:
            (1) A description and assessment of the extent to which the 
        Navy is currently using Engineering Readiness Assessment Teams 
        and Combat Systems Readiness Assessment Teams to conduct unit-
        level training and assistance in each capacity as follows:
                    (A) To augment non-Ready, Relevant Learning 
                initiative training.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3645]]

                    (B) As part of Ready, Relevant Learning initiative 
                training.
                    (C) To train students on legacy, obsolete, one of a 
                kind, or unique systems that are still widely used by 
                the Navy.
                    (D) To train students on military-specific systems 
                that are not found in the commercial maritime world.
            (2) A description and assessment of potential benefits, and 
        anticipated timelines and costs, in expanding Engineering 
        Readiness Assessment Team and Combat Systems Readiness 
        Assessment Team training in the capacities specified in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Such other matters in connection with the use of 
        readiness assessment teams in connection with the Ready, 
        Relevant Learning initiative as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (d) Life Cycle Sustainment Plan With 2022 Certifications.--In 
submitting to Congress in 2022 the certifications required by section 
545 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018, the 
Secretary shall also submit the approved life cycle sustainment plan for 
the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy, based on the 
framework for the plan developed for purposes of subsection (a)(1).
SEC. 575. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7442 note.>>  INFORMATION ON NOMINATIONS 
                        AND APPLICATIONS FOR MILITARY SERVICE 
                        ACADEMIES.

    (a) Nominations Portal.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline. Consultation.>>  In general.--Not 
        later than two years after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
        Superintendents of the military service academies, shall ensure 
        that there is a uniform online portal for all military service 
        academies that enables Members of Congress and other nominating 
        sources to nominate individuals for appointment to each academy 
        through a secure website.
            (2) Information collection and reporting.--The online portal 
        established under paragraph (1) shall have the ability to--
                    (A) collect, from each nominating source, the 
                demographic information described in subsection (b) for 
                each individual nominated to attend a military service 
                academy; and
                    (B) collect the information required to be included 
                in each annual report of the Secretary under subsection 
                (c) in a manner that enables the Secretary to 
                automatically compile such information when preparing 
                the report.
            (3) Availability of information.--The portal shall allow 
        Members of Congress, other nominating sources, and their 
        designees to view their past nomination records for all 
        application cycles.

    (b) Standard Classifications for Collection of Demographic Data.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Standards required.--The 
        Secretary, in consultation with the Superintendents of the 
        military service academies, shall establish standard 
        classifications that cadets, midshipmen, and applicants to the 
        academies may use to report gender, race, and ethnicity and to 
        provide other demographic information in connection with 
        admission to or enrollment in an academy.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3646]]

            (2) Consistency with omb guidance.--The standard 
        classifications established under paragraph (1) shall be 
        consistent with the standard classifications specified in Office 
        of Management and Budget Directive No. 15 (pertaining to race 
        and ethnic standards for Federal statistics and administrative 
        reporting) or any successor directive.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Incorporation into applications and 
        records.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall incorporate the 
        standard classifications established under paragraph (1) into--
                    (A) applications for admission to the military 
                service academies; and
                    (B) the military personnel records of cadets and 
                midshipmen enrolled in such academies.

    (c) Annual Report on the Demographics Military Service Academy 
Applicants.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than September 30 of each 
        year beginning after the establishment of the online portal, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
        demographics of applicants to military service academies for the 
        most recently concluded application year.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include, with respect to each military service academy, the 
        following:
                    (A) The number of individuals who submitted an 
                application for admission to the academy in the 
                application year covered by the report.
                    (B) Of the individuals who submitted an application 
                for admission to the academy in such year--
                          (i) the overall demographics of applicant 
                      pool, disaggregated by the classifications 
                      established under subsection (b);
                          (ii) the number and percentage who received a 
                      nomination, disaggregated by the classifications 
                      established under subsection (b);
                          (iii) the number and percentage who received 
                      an offer for appointment to the academy, 
                      disaggregated by the classifications established 
                      under subsection (b); and
                          (iv) the number and percentage who accepted an 
                      appointment to the academy, disaggregated by the 
                      classifications established under subsection (b).
            (3) Consultation.--In preparing each report under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall consult with the Superintendents of the 
        military service academies.
            (4) Availability of reports and data.--The Secretary shall--
                    (A) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  make 
                the results of each report under paragraph (1) available 
                on a publicly accessible website of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) <<NOTE: Data.>>  ensure that any data included 
                with the report is made available in a machine-readable 
                format that is downloadable, searchable, and sortable.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3647]]

            (1) The term ``application year'' means the period beginning 
        on January 1 of one year and ending on June 1 of the following 
        year.
            (2) The term ``machine-readable'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 3502(18) of title 44, United States Code.
            (3) The term ``military service academy'' means--
                    (A) the United States Military Academy;
                    (B) the United States Naval Academy; and
                    (C) the United States Air Force Academy.
SEC. 576. REPORT ON POTENTIAL IMPROVEMENTS TO CERTAIN MILITARY 
                        EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation. Review. Assessment.>>  Report Required.--
Not later than December 1, 2021, the Secretary of Defense, in 
consultation with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives a report setting forth the results of a review and 
assessment, obtained by the Secretary for purposes of the report, of the 
potential effects on the military education provided by the educational 
institutions of the Department of Defense specified in subsection (b) of 
the actions described in subsection (c).

    (b) Educational Institutions of the Department of Defense.--The 
educational institutions of the Department of Defense specified in this 
subsection are the following:
            (1) The senior level service schools and intermediate level 
        service schools (as such terms are defined in section 2151(b) of 
        title 10, United States Code).
            (2) The Air Force Institute of Technology.
            (3) The National Defense University.
            (4) The Joint Special Operations University.
            (5) The Army Armament Graduate School.
            (6) Any other military educational institution of the 
        Department specified by the Secretary for purposes of this 
        section.

    (c) Actions.--The actions described in this subsection with respect 
to the educational institutions of the Department of Defense specified 
in subsection (b) are the following:
            (1) Modification of admission and graduation requirements.
            (2) Expansion of use of case studies in curricula for 
        professional military education.
            (3) Reduction or expansion of degree-granting authority.
            (4) Reduction or expansion of the acceptance of research 
        grants.
            (5) Reduction or expansion of the number of attending 
        students generally.
            (6) Modification of military personnel career milestones in 
        order to prioritize instructor positions.
            (7) Increase in educational and performance requirements for 
        military personnel selected to be instructors.
            (8) Expansion of visiting or adjunct faculty.
            (9) Modification of civilian faculty management practices, 
        including employment practices.
            (10) Reduction of the number of attending students through 
        the sponsoring of education of an increased number of students 
        at non-Department of Defense institutions of higher education.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3648]]

    (d) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Additional Elements.--In addition to the 
matters described in subsection (a), the review and report under this 
section shall also include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Summary.>>  A consolidated summary that lists 
        all components of the professional military education enterprise 
        of the Department of Defense, including all associated schools, 
        programs, research centers, and support activities.
            (2) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  For each component identified 
        under paragraph (1), the assigned personnel strength, annual 
        student throughput, and budget details of the three fiscal years 
        preceding the date of the report.
            (3) An assessment of the differences between admission 
        standards and graduation requirements of the educational 
        institutions of the Department of Defense specified in 
        subsection (b) and such admission standards and graduation 
        requirements of public and private institutions of higher 
        education that the Secretary determines comparable to the 
        educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
            (4) An assessment of the requirements of the goals and 
        missions of the educational institutions of the Department of 
        Defense specified in subsection (b) and any need to adjust such 
        goals and missions to meet national security requirements of the 
        Department.
            (5) An assessment of the effectiveness and shortfalls of the 
        existing professional military education enterprise as measured 
        against graduate utilization, post-graduate evaluations, and the 
        education and force development requirements of the Chairman of 
        the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Chiefs of the Armed Forces.
            (6) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate 
        for purposes of this section.
SEC. 577. COLLEGE OF INTERNATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS OF THE 
                        NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIVERSITY.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Prohibition.--The Secretary of Defense 
may not eliminate, divest, downsize, or reorganize the College of 
International Security Affairs, nor its satellite program, the Joint 
Special Operations Masters of Arts, of the National Defense University, 
or seek to reduce the number of students educated at the College, or its 
satellite program, until 30 days after the date on which the 
congressional defense committees receive the report required by 
subsection (c).

    (b) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Assessment, Determination, and 
Review.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, in consultation with 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations/Low-Intensity 
Conflict, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Counternarcotics 
and Global Threats, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Stability and Humanitarian Affairs, the Deputy Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Special Operations and Combating Terrorism, the Chief 
Financial Officer of the Department, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, and the Commander of United States Special Operations Command, 
shall--
            (1) assess requirements for joint professional military 
        education and civilian leader education in the counterterrorism, 
        irregular warfare, and asymmetrical domains to support the 
        Department and other national security institutions of the 
        Federal Government;

[[Page 134 STAT. 3649]]

            (2) determine whether the importance, challenges, and 
        complexity of the modern counterterrorism environment and 
        irregular and asymmetrical domains warrant--
                    (A) a college at the National Defense University, or 
                a college independent of the National Defense University 
                whose leadership is responsible to the Office of the 
                Secretary of Defense; and
                    (B) the provision of resources, services, and 
                capacity at levels that are the same as, or decreased or 
                enhanced in comparison to, those resources, services, 
                and capacity in place at the College of International 
                Security Affairs on January 1, 2019;
            (3) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  review the plan proposed by the 
        National Defense University for eliminating the College of 
        International Security Affairs and reducing and restructuring 
        the counterterrorism, irregular, and asymmetrical faculty, 
        course offerings, joint professional military education and 
        degree and certificate programs, and other services provided by 
        the College; and
            (4) assess the changes made to the College of International 
        Security Affairs since January 1, 2019, and the actions 
        necessary to reverse those changes, including relocating the 
        College and its associated budget, faculty, staff, students, and 
        facilities outside of the National Defense University.

    (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on--
            (1) the findings of the Secretary with respect to the 
        assessments, determination, and review conducted under 
        subsection (b); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  such recommendations as 
        the Secretary may have for higher education in the 
        counterterrorism, irregular, and asymmetrical domains.
SEC. 578. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2015 note.>>  IMPROVEMENTS TO THE 
                        CREDENTIALING OPPORTUNITIES ON-LINE 
                        PROGRAMS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Study on Performance Measures.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a study to determine additional performance measures to evaluate 
the effectiveness of the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line programs 
(in this section referred to as the ``COOL programs'') of each Armed 
Force in connecting members of the Armed Forces with professional 
credential programs. The study shall include the following:
            (1) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
        described in section 1142(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
        who participate in a professional credential program through the 
        COOL program of the Armed Force concerned.
            (2) The percentage of members of the Armed Force concerned 
        described in paragraph (1) who have completed a professional 
        credential program described in that paragraph.
            (3) The amount of funds obligated and expended to execute 
        the COOL program of each Armed Force during the five fiscal 
        years immediately preceding the date of the study.
            (4) Any other element determined by the Secretary of 
        Defense.

    (b) Information Tracking.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish 
a process to standardize the tracking of information regarding the COOL 
programs across the Armed Forces.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3650]]

    (c) Coordination.--To carry out this section, the Secretary of 
Defense may coordinate with the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs and 
Labor.
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on--
            (1) the study conducted under subsection (a); and
            (2) <<NOTE: Timeline.>>  the process established under 
        subsection (b), including a timeline to implement such process.
SEC. 579. GAO STUDY REGARDING TRANSFERABILITY OF MILITARY 
                        CERTIFICATIONS TO CIVILIAN OCCUPATIONAL 
                        LICENSES AND CERTIFICATIONS.

    (a) Study; Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House 
of Representatives a report containing the results of a study regarding 
the transferability of military certifications to civilian occupational 
licenses and certifications.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) Obstacles to transference of military certifications.
            (2) Any effects of the transferability of military 
        certifications on recruitment and retention.
            (3) Examples of certifications obtained from the Federal 
        Government that transfer to non-Federal employment.
            (4) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  An assessment of the 
        effectiveness of the credentialing programs of each Armed Force.
SEC. 579A. REPORT REGARDING COUNTY, TRIBAL, AND LOCAL VETERANS 
                          SERVICE OFFICERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  Report Required.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services and on Veterans' Affairs of 
the House of Representatives and Senate a report regarding the effects 
of the presence of CVSOs at demobilization centers on members of the 
Armed Forces making the transition to civilian life.

    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) The number of demobilization centers that host CVSOs.
            (2) The locations of demobilization centers described in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) Barriers to expanding the presence of CVSOs at 
        demobilization centers nationwide.
            (4) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations of the 
        Secretary of Defense regarding the presence of CVSOs at 
        demobilization centers.

    (c) CVSO Defined.--In this section, the term ``CVSO'' includes--
            (1) a county veterans service officer;
            (2) a Tribal veterans service officer;
            (3) a Tribal veterans representative; or
            (4) another State, Tribal, or local entity that the 
        Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3651]]

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

SEC. 581. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781 note.>>  FAMILY READINESS: 
                        DEFINITIONS; COMMUNICATION STRATEGY; 
                        REVIEW; REPORT.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline. Coordination.>>  Definitions.--Not later than 
six months after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall act on recommendation one of the report, dated July 
2019, of the National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine, 
titled ``Strengthening the Military Family Readiness System for a 
Changing American Society'', by establishing definitions of ``family 
well-being'', ``family readiness'', and ``family resilience'' for use by 
the Department of Defense.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. Coordination.>>  Communication Strategy.--Not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall--
            (1) ensure that the Secretary of Defense has carried out 
        section 561 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2010 (10 U.S.C. 1781 note);
            (2) implement a strategy to use of a variety of modes of 
        communication to ensure the broadest means of communicating with 
        military families; and
            (3) establish a process to measure the effectiveness of the 
        modes of communication described in paragraph (2).

    (c) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a review of current programs, policies, services, resources, and 
practices of the Department for military families as outlined in 
recommendation four of the report described in subsection (a).

    (d) Report.--Not later than 60 days after completing the review 
under subsection (c), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report detailing the results of the review and how the 
Secretary shall improve programs, policies, services, resources, and 
practices for military families, based on the review.
SEC. 582. IMPROVEMENTS TO EXCEPTIONAL FAMILY MEMBER PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 1781c of title 10, United States Code is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``enhance'' and inserting 
        ``standardize, enhance,'';
            (2) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ``and standard'' 
        after ``comprehensive'';
            (3) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``update from time 
                to time'' and inserting ``regularly update'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by adding at the end the 
                following new subparagraphs:
            ``(C) Ability to request a second review of the approved 
        assignment within or outside the continental United States if 
        the member believes the location is inappropriate for the 
        member's family and would cause undue hardship.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3652]]

            ``(D) Protection from having a medical recommendation for an 
        approved assignment overridden by the commanding officer.
            ``(E) Ability to request continuation of location when there 
        is a documented substantial risk of transferring medical care or 
        educational services to a new provider or school at the specific 
        time of permanent change of station.''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (F), by striking ``of an 
                      individualized services plan (medical and 
                      educational)'' and inserting ``by an appropriate 
                      office of an individualized services plan (whether 
                      medical, educational, or both)''; and
                          (ii) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
                      following new subparagraphs:
            ``(H) Procedures for the development of an individualized 
        services plan for military family members with special needs who 
        have requested family support services and have a completed 
        family needs assessment.
            ``(I) Requirements to prohibit disenrollment from the 
        Exceptional Family Member Program unless there is new supporting 
        medical or educational information that indicates the original 
        condition is no longer present, and to track disenrollment data 
        in each armed force.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline. Coordination. 10 USC 1781c note.>>  
Standardization.--Not later than six months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with 
the Secretaries of the military departments, shall, to the extent 
practicable, standardize the Exceptional Family Member Program (in this 
section referred to as the ``EFMP'') across the military departments. 
The EFMP, standardized under this subsection, shall include the 
following:
            (1) Processes for the identification and enrollment of 
        dependents of covered members with special needs.
            (2) A process for the permanent change of orders for covered 
        members, to ensure seamless continuity of services at the new 
        permanent duty station.
            (3) If an order for assignment is declined for a military 
        family with special needs, the member will receive a reason for 
        the decline of that order.
            (4) A review process for installations to ensure that health 
        care furnished through the TRICARE program, special needs 
        education programs, and installation-based family support 
        programs are available to military families enrolled in the 
        EFMP.
            (5) A standardized respite care benefit across the covered 
        Armed Forces, including the number of hours available under such 
        benefit to military families enrolled in the EFMP.
            (6) Performance metrics for measuring, across the Department 
        and with respect to each military department, the following:
                    (A) Assignment coordination and support for military 
                families with special needs, including a systematic 
                process for evaluating each military department's 
                program for the support of military families with 
                special needs.
                    (B) The reassignment of military families with 
                special needs, including how often members request 
                reassignments, for what reasons, and from what military 
                installations.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3653]]

                    (C) The level of satisfaction of military families 
                with special needs with the family and medical support 
                they are provided.
            (7) <<NOTE: Requirement. Determinations.>>  A requirement 
        that the Secretary of each military department provide legal 
        services by an attorney, trained in education law, at each 
        military installation--
                    (A) the Secretary determines is a primary receiving 
                installation for military families with special needs; 
                and
                    (B) in a State that the Secretary determines has 
                historically not supported families enrolled in the 
                EFMP.
            (8) The option for a family enrolled in the EFMP to continue 
        to receive all services under that program and a family 
        separation allowance, if otherwise authorized, if--
                    (A) the covered member receives a new permanent duty 
                station; and
                    (B) the covered member and family elect for the 
                family not to relocate with the covered member.
            (9) The solicitation of feedback from military families with 
        special needs, and discussions of challenges and best practices 
        of the EFMP, using existing family advisory organizations.

    (c) <<NOTE: Coordination.>>  Case Management.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in coordination with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall develop an EFMP case management model, including the 
following:
            (1) A single EFMP office, located at the headquarters of 
        each covered Armed Force, to oversee implementation of the EFMP 
        and coordinate health care services, permanent change of station 
        order processing, and educational support services for that 
        covered Armed Force.
            (2) An EFMP office at each military installation with case 
        managers to assist each family of a covered member in the 
        development of a plan that addresses the areas specified in 
        subsection (b)(1).

    (d) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Report.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of the Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report on the implementation of this section, 
including any recommendations of the Secretary regarding additional 
legislation.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered Armed Force'' means an Armed Force 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military 
        department.
            (2) The term ``covered member'' means a member--
                    (A) of a covered Armed Force; and
                    (B) with a dependent with special needs.
SEC. 583. SUPPORT SERVICES FOR MEMBERS OF SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                        FORCES AND IMMEDIATE FAMILY MEMBERS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking the heading and inserting ``Support 
        programs: special operations forces personnel; immediate family 
        members'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``for the immediate 
        family members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
        special operations forces'';

[[Page 134 STAT. 3654]]

            (3) in subsection (b)(1), by striking ``the immediate family 
        members of members of the armed forces assigned to special 
        operations forces'' and inserting ``covered individuals'';
            (4) in subsection (d)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``family 
                members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
                special operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
                individuals''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``family 
                members of members of the armed forces assigned to 
                special operations forces'' and inserting ``covered 
                individuals''; and
            (5) in subsection (e)(4)--
                    (A) by inserting ``psychological support, spiritual 
                support, and'' before ``costs'';
                    (B) by striking ``immediate family members of 
                members of the armed forces assigned to special 
                operations forces'' and inserting ``covered personnel''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(5) The term `covered personnel' means--
                    ``(A) members of the Armed Forces (including the 
                reserve components) assigned to special operations 
                forces;
                    ``(B) service personnel assigned to support special 
                operations forces; and
                    ``(C) immediate family members of individuals 
                described in subparagraphs (A) and (B).''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 88 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781 prec.>>  
is amended by striking the item relating to section 1788a and inserting 
the following:

``1788a. Support programs: special operations forces personnel; 
           immediate family members.''.

SEC. 584. RESPONSIBILITY FOR ALLOCATION OF CERTAIN FUNDS FOR 
                        MILITARY CHILD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS.

    Section 1791 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``It is the policy'' and inserting the 
        following:

    ``(a) Policy.--It is the policy''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) Responsibility for Allocations of Certain Funds.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall be responsible for the allocation of Office 
of the Secretary of Defense level funds for military child development 
programs for children from birth through 12 years of age, and may not 
delegate such responsibility to the military departments.''.
SEC. 585. MILITARY CHILD CARE AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT CENTER 
                        MATTERS.

    (a) Center Fees Matters.--Section 1793 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Family Discount.--In the case of a family with two or more 
children attending a child development center, the regulations 
prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) may require that installations 
commanders charge a fee for attendance at the center of any child of the 
family after the first child of the family in amount equal to 85 percent 
of the amount of the fee otherwise chargeable for the attendance of such 
child at the center.''.
    (b) Reports on Installations With Extreme Imbalance Between Demand 
for and Availability of Child Care.--Not

[[Page 134 STAT. 3655]]

later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, each 
Secretary of a military department shall submit to Congress a report on 
the military installations under the jurisdiction of such Secretary with 
an extreme imbalance between demand for child care and availability of 
child care. Each report shall include, for the military department 
covered by such report, the following:
            (1) The name of the five installations of the military 
        department experiencing the most extreme imbalance between 
        demand for child care and availability of child care.
            (2) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  For each installation named 
        pursuant to subparagraph (A), the following:
                    (A) An assessment whether civilian employees at 
                child development centers at such installation have 
                rates of pay and benefits that are competitive with 
                other civilian employees on such installation and with 
                the civilian labor pool in the vicinity of such 
                installation.
                    (B) A description and assessment of various 
                incentives to encourage military spouses to become 
                providers under the Family Child Care program at such 
                installation.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                recommendations at the Secretary of the military 
                department concerned considers appropriate to address 
                the imbalance between demand for child care and 
                availability of child care at such installation, 
                including recommendations to enhance the competitiveness 
                of civilian child care positions at such installation 
                with other civilian positions at such installation and 
                the civilian labor pool in the vicinity of such 
                installation.
SEC. 586. EXPANSION OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE UNDER MY CAREER 
                        ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM.

    Section 580F of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1784a note.>>  is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a) Professional License or 
        Certification; Associate's Degree.--'' before ``The Secretary'';
            (2) by inserting ``or maintenance (including continuing 
        education courses)'' after ``pursuit''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) National Testing.--Financial assistance under subsection (a) 
may be applied to the costs of national tests that may earn a 
participating military spouse course credits required for a degree 
approved under the program (including the College Level Examination 
Program tests).''.
SEC. 587. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1784 note.>>  IMPROVEMENTS TO PARTNER 
                        CRITERIA OF THE MILITARY SPOUSE EMPLOYMENT 
                        PARTNERSHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Evaluation; Updates.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall evaluate the partner criteria set forth in the Military 
Spouse Employment Partnership Program (in this section referred to as 
the ``MSEP Program'') and implement updates that the Secretary 
determines will improve such criteria without diminishing the need for 
partners to exhibit sound business practices, broad diversity efforts, 
and relative financial stability. Such updates may expand the number of 
the following entities that meet such criteria:
            (1) Institutions of primary, secondary, and higher 
        education.
            (2) Software and coding companies.
            (3) Local small businesses.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3656]]

            (4) Companies that employ telework.

    (b) <<NOTE: Consultation. Contracts.>>  New Partnerships.--Upon 
completion of the evaluation under subsection (a), the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Department of Labor, shall seek to enter into 
agreements with entities described in paragraphs (1) through (4) of 
subsection (a) that are located near military installations (as that 
term is defined in section 2687 of title 10, United States Code).

    (c) <<NOTE: Public information. Web posting.>>  Review; Report.--Not 
later than one year after implementation under subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall review updates under subsection (a) and publish a report 
regarding such review on a publicly-accessible website of the Department 
of Defense. <<NOTE: Data.>>  Such report shall include the following:
            (1) <<NOTE: Implementation plan.>>  The results of the 
        evaluation of the MSEP Program, including the implementation 
        plan for any change to partnership criteria.
            (2) Data on the new partnerships undertaken as a result of 
        the evaluation, including the type, size, and location of the 
        partner entities.
            (3) Data on the utility of the MSEP Program, including--
                    (A) the number of military spouses who have applied 
                through the MSEP Program;
                    (B) the average length of time a job is available 
                before being filled or removed from the MSEP Program 
                portal; and
                    (C) the average number of new jobs posted on the 
                MSEP Program portal each month.
SEC. 588. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1791 note.>>  24-HOUR CHILD CARE.

    (a) 24-Hour Child Care.--If the Secretary of Defense determines it 
feasible, pursuant to the study conducted pursuant to subsection (b), 
the Secretary shall furnish child care to each child of a member of the 
Armed Forces or civilian employee of the Department of Defense while 
that member or employee works on rotating shifts at a military 
installation.
    (b) Feasibility Study; Report.--Not later than 270 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the results of a study, conducted 
by the Secretary for purposes of this section, on the feasibility of 
furnishing child care described in subsection (a).
    (c) Elements.--The report required by subsection (b) shall include 
the following:
            (1) The results of the study described in that subsection.
            (2) <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  If the Secretary determines 
        that furnishing child care available as described in subsection 
        (a) is feasible, such matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate in connection with furnishing such child care, 
        including--
                    (A) an identification of the installations at which 
                such child care would be beneficial to members of the 
                Armed Forces, civilian employees of the Department, or 
                both;
                    (B) an identification of any barriers to making such 
                child care available at the installations identified 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A);
                    (C) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  an assessment whether the 
                child care needs of members of the Armed Forces and 
                civilian employees of

[[Page 134 STAT. 3657]]

                the Department described in subsection (a) would be 
                better met by an increase in assistance for child care 
                fees;
                    (D) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  a description and 
                assessment of the actions, if any, being taken to 
                furnish such child care at the installations identified 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
                    (E) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  such 
                recommendations for legislative or administrative action 
                the Secretary determines appropriate to make such child 
                care available at the installations identified pursuant 
                to subparagraph (A), or at any other military 
                installation.
SEC. 589. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1791 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO PROVIDE 
                        FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES FOR IN-HOME CHILD CARE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadlines.>>  Establishment.--Not later than March 1, 
2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot program to 
provide financial assistance to members of the Armed Forces who pay for 
services provided by in-home child care 
providers. <<NOTE: Determinations.>>  In carrying out the pilot program, 
the Secretary shall take the following steps:
            (1) Determine the needs of military families who request 
        services provided by in-home child care providers.
            (2) Determine the appropriate amount of financial assistance 
        to provide to military families described in paragraph (1).
            (3) Determine the appropriate qualifications for an in-home 
        child care provider for whose services the Secretary shall 
        provide financial assistance to a military family. In carrying 
        out this paragraph, the Secretary shall--
                    (A) take into consideration qualifications for in-
                home child care providers in the private sector; and
                    (B) ensure that the qualifications the Secretary 
                determines appropriate under this paragraph are 
                comparable to the qualifications for a provider of child 
                care services in a military child development center or 
                family home day care.
            (4) <<NOTE: Plan.>>  Establish a marketing and 
        communications plan to inform members of the Armed Forces who 
        live in the locations described in subsection (b) about the 
        pilot program.

    (b) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  Locations.--The Secretary shall carry 
out the pilot program in the five locations that the Secretary 
determines have the greatest demand for child care services for children 
of members of the Armed Forces.

    (c) Reports.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  Interim reports.--Not later than 
        one year after the Secretary establishes the pilot program and 
        thrice annually thereafter, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives an interim report on the pilot program. Each 
        interim report shall include the following elements:
                    (A) The number of military families participating in 
                the pilot program, disaggregated by location and 
                duration of participation.
                    (B) The amount of financial assistance provided to 
                participating military families in each location.
                    (C) Metrics by which the Secretary carries out 
                subsection (a)(3)(B);
                    (D) The feasibility of expanding the pilot program.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3658]]

                    (E) Legislation or administrative action that the 
                Secretary determines necessary to make the pilot program 
                permanent.
                    (F) Any other information the Secretary determines 
                appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        termination of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a final report on the pilot program. The final 
        report shall include the following elements:
                    (A) The elements specified in paragraph (1).
                    (B) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  The recommendation 
                of the Secretary whether to make the pilot program 
                permanent.

    (d) Termination.--The pilot program shall terminate five years after 
the date on which the Secretary establishes the pilot program.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``in-home child care provider'' means an 
        individual who provides child care services in the home of the 
        child.
            (2) The terms ``military child development center'' and 
        ``family home day care'' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 1800 of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 589A. CERTAIN ASSISTANCE TO LOCAL EDUCATIONAL AGENCIES THAT 
                          BENEFIT DEPENDENTS OF MILITARY AND 
                          CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    (a) Continuation of Authority to Assist Local Educational Agencies 
That Benefit Dependents of Members of the Armed Forces and Department of 
Defense Civilian Employees.--
            (1) Assistance to schools with significant numbers of 
        military dependent students.--Of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2021 by section 301 and available 
        for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
        specified in the funding table in section 4301, $50,000,000 
        shall be available only for the purpose of providing assistance 
        to local educational agencies under subsection (a) of section 
        572 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
            (2) Local educational agency defined.--In this subsection, 
        the term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7713(9)).

    (b) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
            (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
        operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
        specified in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 
        shall be available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd 
        D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2001 (as enacted into law by Public Law 106-398; 114 Stat. 
        1654A-77; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).
            (2) Additional amount.--Of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to section 301 and 
        available for operation and maintenance for Defense-wide 
        activities as specified in the funding table in section 4301, 
        $10,000,000 shall be available for use by the Secretary of

[[Page 134 STAT. 3659]]

        Defense to make payments to local educational agencies 
        determined by the Secretary to have higher concentrations of 
        military children with severe disabilities.
            (3) <<NOTE: Deadline. Briefing.>>  Report.--Not later than 
        March 1, 2021, the Secretary shall brief the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
        Department's evaluation of each local educational agency with 
        higher concentrations of military children with severe 
        disabilities and subsequent determination of the amounts of 
        impact aid each such agency shall receive.
SEC. 589B. STAFFING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION ACTIVITY 
                          SCHOOLS TO MAINTAIN MAXIMUM STUDENT-TO-
                          TEACHER RATIOS.

    (a) In General.--The Department of Defense Education Activity shall 
staff elementary and secondary schools operated by the Activity so as to 
maintain, to the extent practicable, student-to-teacher ratios that do 
not exceed the maximum student-to-teacher ratios specified in subsection 
(b).
    (b) Maximum Student-to-teacher Ratios.--The maximum student-to-
teacher ratios specified in this subsection are the following:
            (1) For each of grades kindergarten through 3, a ratio of 18 
        students to 1 teacher (18:1).
            (2) For each of grades 4 through 12, a ratio equal to the 
        average student-to-teacher ratio for such grade among all 
        Department of Defense Education Activity schools during the 
        2019-2020 academic year.

    (c) Sunset.--The requirement to staff schools in accordance with 
subsection (a) shall expire at the end of the 2023-2024 academic year of 
the Department of Defense Education Activity.
SEC. 589C. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2164 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO EXPAND 
                          ELIGIBILITY FOR ENROLLMENT AT DOMESTIC 
                          DEPENDENT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY 
                          SCHOOLS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Pilot Program Authorized.--Beginning not 
later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary of Defense shall carry out a pilot program under which a 
dependent of a full-time, active-duty member of the Armed Forces may 
enroll in a covered DODEA school at the military installation to which 
the member is assigned, on a space-available basis as described in 
subsection (c), without regard to whether the member resides on the 
installation as described in 2164(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code.

    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program under this section 
are--
            (1) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  to evaluate the feasibility and 
        advisability of expanding enrollment in covered DODEA schools; 
        and
            (2) <<NOTE: Determination.>>  to determine how increased 
        access to such schools will affect military and family 
        readiness.

    (c) Enrollment on Space-Available Basis.--A student participating in 
the pilot program under this section may be enrolled in a covered DODEA 
school only if the school has the capacity to accept the student, as 
determined by the Director of the Department of Defense Education 
Activity.
    (d) Locations.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the pilot 
program under this section at not more than four military installations 
at which covered DODEA schools are located. The

[[Page 134 STAT. 3660]]

Secretary shall select military installations for participation in the 
program based on--
            (1) the readiness needs of the Secretary of a the military 
        department concerned; and
            (2) the capacity of the DODEA schools located at the 
        installation to accept additional students, as determined by the 
        Director of the Department of Defense Education Activity.

    (e) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot program under 
this section shall terminate four years after the date of the enactment 
of this Act.
    (f) Covered DODEA School Defined.--In this Section, the term 
``covered DODEA school'' means a domestic dependent elementary or 
secondary school operated by the Department of Defense Education 
Activity that--
            (1) has been established on or before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (2) is located in the continental United States.
SEC. 589D. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2164 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM ON EXPANDED 
                          ELIGIBILITY FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                          EDUCATION ACTIVITY VIRTUAL HIGH SCHOOL 
                          PROGRAM.

    (a) Pilot Program Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
        pilot program on permitting dependents of members of the Armed 
        Forces on active duty to enroll in the Department of Defense 
        Education Activity Virtual High School program (in this section 
        referred to as the ``DVHS program'').
            (2) Purposes.--The purposes of the pilot program shall be as 
        follows:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Evaluation.>>  To evaluate the 
                feasibility and scalability of the DVHS program.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  To assess the impact of 
                expanded enrollment in the DVHS program under the pilot 
                program on military and family readiness.
            (3) Duration.--The duration of the pilot program shall be 
        four academic years.

    (b) Participants.--
            (1) In general.--Participants in the pilot program shall be 
        selected by the Secretary from among dependents of members of 
        the Armed Forces on active duty who--
                    (A) are in a grade 9 through 12;
                    (B) are currently ineligible to enroll in the DVHS 
                program; and
                    (C) either--
                          (i) require supplementary courses to meet 
                      graduation requirements in the current State of 
                      residence; or
                          (ii) otherwise demonstrate to the Secretary a 
                      clear need to participate in the DVHS program.
            (2) Preference in selection.--In selecting participants in 
        the pilot program, the Secretary shall afford a preference to 
        the following:
                    (A) Dependents who reside in a rural area.
                    (B) Dependents who are home-schooled students.
            (3) Limitations.--The total number of course enrollments per 
        academic year authorized under the pilot program may

[[Page 134 STAT. 3661]]

        not exceed 400 course enrollments. No single dependent 
        participating in the pilot program may take more than two 
        courses per academic year under the pilot program.

    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than two years after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives an interim report on the pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        completion of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a final 
        report on the pilot programs.
            (3) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the demographics of the 
                dependents participating in the pilot program through 
                the date of such report.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Data. Assessment.>>  Data on, and an 
                assessment of, student performance in virtual coursework 
                by dependents participating in the pilot program over 
                the duration of the pilot program.
                    (C) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Such 
                recommendation as the Secretary considers appropriate on 
                whether to make the pilot program permanent.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``rural area'' has the meaning given the term 
        in section 520 of the Housing Act of 1949 (42 U.S.C. 1490).
            (2) The term ``home-schooled student'' means a student in a 
        grade equivalent to grade 9 through 12 who receives educational 
        instruction at home or by other non-traditional means outside of 
        a public or private school system, either all or most of the 
        time.
SEC. 589E. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 note prec.>>  TRAINING PROGRAM 
                          REGARDING FOREIGN MALIGN INFLUENCE 
                          CAMPAIGNS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Establishment.--Not later than September 
30, 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish a program for 
training members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the 
Department of Defense regarding the threat of foreign malign influence 
campaigns targeted at such individuals and the families of such 
individuals, including such campaigns carried out through social media.

    (b) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Designation of Official to Coordinate and 
Integrate.--Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary shall designate an official of the Department who 
shall be responsible for coordinating and integrating the training 
program under this section.

    (c) <<NOTE: Review.>>  Best Practices.--In coordinating and 
integrating the training program under this section, the official 
designated under subsection (b) shall review best practices of existing 
training programs across the Department.

    (d) Report Required.--Not later than October 30, 2021, the Secretary 
shall submit a report to the congressional defense committees detailing 
the program established under this section.
    (e) Foreign Malign Influence Defined.--In this section, the term 
``foreign malign influence'' has the meaning given that term in section 
119C of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 3059).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3662]]

SEC. 589F. STUDY ON CYBEREXPLOITATION AND ONLINE DECEPTION OF 
                          MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND THEIR 
                          FAMILIES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  Study.--Not later than 150 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
complete a study on--
            (1) the cyberexploitation of the personal information and 
        accounts of members of the Armed Forces and their families; and
            (2) the risks of deceptive online targeting of members and 
        their families.

    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The study under subsection 
(a) shall include the following:
            (1) An assessment of predatory loans, other financial 
        products, or educational products being targeted to members of 
        the Armed Forces and their families.
            (2) An assessment of unproven or unnecessary medical 
        treatments or procedures being targeted to members and their 
        families.
            (3) An assessment of ethnic or racial violent extremism 
        messages targeting members and their families.
            (4) An assessment of the ways in which social media 
        algorithms may amplify the targeting described in paragraphs (1) 
        through (3).
            (5) An intelligence assessment of the threat currently posed 
        by foreign government and non-state actors carrying out the 
        cyberexploitation of members and their families, including 
        generalized assessments as to--
                    (A) whether such cyberexploitation is a substantial 
                threat as compared to other means of information 
                warfare; and
                    (B) whether such cyberexploitation is an increasing 
                threat.
            (6) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  A case-study analysis of three 
        known occurrences of attempted cyberexploitation against members 
        and their families, including assessments of the vulnerability 
        and the ultimate consequences of the attempted 
        cyberexploitation.
            (7) A description of the actions taken by the Department of 
        Defense to educate members and their families, including 
        particularly vulnerable subpopulations, about any actions that 
        can be taken to reduce cyberexploitation threats.
            (8) An intelligence assessment of the threat posed by 
        foreign government and non-state actors creating or using 
        machine-manipulated media (commonly referred to as ``deep 
        fakes'') featuring members and their families, including 
        generalized assessments of--
                    (A) the maturity of the technology used in the 
                creation of such media; and
                    (B) how such media has been used or might be used to 
                conduct information warfare.
            (9) <<NOTE: Recommenda- tions.>>  Recommendations for policy 
        changes to reduce the vulnerability of members of the Armed 
        Forces and their families to cyberexploitation and deception, 
        including recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action.

    (c) Report.--
            (1) Requirement.--The Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives

[[Page 134 STAT. 3663]]

        and the Senate a report on the findings of the Secretary with 
        respect to the study under subsection (a).
            (2) <<NOTE: Classified information.>>  Form.--The report 
        under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but 
        may include a classified annex.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``cyberexploitation'' means the use of digital 
        means and online platforms--
                    (A) to knowingly access, or conspire to access, 
                without authorization, an individual's personal 
                information to be employed (or to be used) with 
                malicious intent; or
                    (B) to deceive an individual with misinformation 
                with malicious intent.
            (2) The term ``machine-manipulated media'' means video, 
        image, or audio recordings generated or substantially modified 
        using machine learning techniques in order to, with malicious 
        intent, falsely depict the speech or conduct of an individual 
        without that individual's permission.
SEC. 589G. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781c note.>>  MATTERS RELATING TO 
                          EDUCATION FOR MILITARY DEPENDENT 
                          STUDENTS WITH SPECIAL NEEDS.

    (a) Information on Special Education Disputes.--
            (1) In general.--Each Secretary of a military department 
        shall collect and maintain information on special education 
        disputes filed by members of the Armed Forces under the 
        jurisdiction of such Secretary.
            (2) Information.--The information collected and maintained 
        under this subsection shall include the following:
                    (A) The number of special education disputes filed.
                    (B) The outcome or disposition of the disputes.
            (3) Source of information.--The information collected and 
        maintained pursuant to this subsection shall be derived from the 
        following:
                    (A) Records and reports of case managers and 
                navigators under the Exceptional Family Member Program 
                of the Department of Defense.
                    (B) Reports submitted by members of the Armed Forces 
                to officials at military installations or other relevant 
                military officials.
                    (C) Such other sources as the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned considers appropriate.
            (4) Annual reports.--On an annual basis, each Secretary of a 
        military department shall submit to the Office of Special Needs 
        of the Department of Defense a report on the information 
        collected by such Secretary under this subsection during the 
        preceding year.

    (b) GAO Study and Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall conduct a study on the following:
                    (A) The manner in which local educational agencies 
                with schools that serve military dependent students use 
                the following:
                          (i) Funds made available for impact aid for 
                      children with severe disabilities under section 
                      363 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (Public Law 
                      106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).

[[Page 134 STAT. 3664]]

                          (ii) Funds made available for assistance to 
                      schools with a significant number of military 
                      dependent students under subsection (a) of section 
                      572 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                      Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 
                      7703b).
                    (C) The efficacy of attorneys and other legal 
                support for military families in special education 
                disputes.
                    (E) Whether, and to what extent, policies and 
                guidance for School Liaison Officers are standardized 
                between the Office of Special Needs of the Department of 
                Defense and the military departments, and the efficacy 
                of such policies and guidance.
                    (F) The improvements made to family support programs 
                of the Office of Special Needs, and of each military 
                department, in light of the recommendations of the 
                Comptroller General in the report titled ``DOD Should 
                Improve Its Oversight of the Exceptional Family Member 
                Program'' (GAO-18-348).
            (2) Recommendations.--As part of the study under paragraph 
        (1), the Comptroller General shall develop recommendations on 
        the following:
                    (A) Improvements to the ability of the Department of 
                Defense to monitor and enforce the compliance of local 
                educational agencies with requirements for the provision 
                of a free appropriate public education to military 
                dependent students with special needs.
                    (B) Improvements to the policies of the Office of 
                Special Needs, and of each military department, with 
                respect to the standardization and efficacy of policies 
                and programs for military dependent students with 
                special needs.
            (3) Briefing and report.--Not later than March 31, 2021, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall provide to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a briefing and a report the results of the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1).

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``free appropriate public education'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 602 of the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401).
            (2) The term ``local educational agency'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary 
        Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            (3) The term ``special education dispute'' means a complaint 
        filed regarding the education provided to a child with a 
        disability (as defined in section 602 of the Individuals with 
        Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1401)), including a 
        complaint filed in accordance with section 615 or 639 of such 
        Act (20 U.S.C. 1415, 1439).
SEC. 589H. STUDIES AND REPORTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF THE 
                          DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EDUCATION 
                          ACTIVITY.

    (a) DOD Study and Report.--
            (1) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
        on the performance of the Department of Defense Education 
        Activity.
            (2) Elements.--The study under paragraph (1) shall include--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3665]]

                    (A) <<NOTE: Review.>>  a review of the curriculum 
                relating to health, resiliency, and nutrition taught in 
                schools operated by the Department of Defense Education 
                Activity; and
                    (B) a comparison of such curriculum to benchmarks 
                established for the curriculum by the Department of 
                Defense Education Activity.
            (3) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report that includes the results of the study 
        conducted under paragraph (1).

    (b) GAO Studies and Reports.--
            (1) Studies.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall conduct two studies on the performance of the Department 
        of Defense Education Activity as follows:
                    (A) <<NOTE: Analysis.>>  One study shall analyze the 
                educational outcomes of students in schools operated by 
                the Department of Defense Education Activity compared to 
                the educational outcomes of students in public 
                elementary schools and public secondary schools (as 
                those terms are defined in section 8101 of the 
                Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 7801 et seq.)) outside the Department of Defense.
                    (B) <<NOTE: Assessment.>>  One study shall assess 
                the effectiveness of the School Liaison Officer program 
                of the Department of Defense Education Activity in 
                achieving the goals of the program with an emphasis on 
                goals relating to special education and family outreach.
            (2) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives--
                    (A) a report that includes the results of the study 
                conducted under subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1); and
                    (B) a report that includes the results of the study 
                conducted under subparagraph (B) of such paragraph.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

SEC. 591. EXPANSION OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE STARBASE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Section 2193b of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``science, 
        mathematics, and technology'' and inserting ``science, 
        technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics'';
            (2) in subsection (a), by striking ``science, mathematics, 
        and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
        engineering, art and design, and mathematics''; and
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking ``mathematics, science, 
        and technology'' and inserting ``science, technology, 
        engineering, art and design, and mathematics''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 111 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 2191 
prec.>>  is amended

[[Page 134 STAT. 3666]]

by striking the item relating to section 2193b and inserting the 
following new item:

``2193b. Improvement of education in technical fields: program for 
           support of elementary and secondary education in science, 
           technology, engineering, art and design, and mathematics.''.

SEC. 592. INCLUSION OF CERTAIN OUTLYING AREAS IN THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE STARBASE PROGRAM.

    Section 2193b(h) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, American 
Samoa,'' before ``and Guam''.
SEC. 593. POSTPONEMENT OF CONDITIONAL DESIGNATION OF EXPLOSIVE 
                        ORDNANCE DISPOSAL CORPS AS A BASIC BRANCH 
                        OF THE ARMY.

    Section 582(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7063 note.>>  763 
note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``October 1, 2020'' and 
        inserting ``October 1, 2025''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
                striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting 
                ``September 30, 2025'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by inserting ``, the 
                explosive ordnance disposal commandant (chief of 
                explosive ordnance disposal),'' before ``qualified''; 
                and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
                    ``(G) The explosive ordnance disposal commandant 
                (chief of explosive ordnance disposal) has determined 
                whether explosive ordnance disposal soldiers have the 
                appropriate skills necessary to support missions of 
                special operations forces (as identified in section 
                167(j) of title 10, United States Code). Such skills may 
                include airborne, air assault, combat diver, fast roping 
                insertion and extraction, helocasting, military free-
                fall, and off-road driving.''.
SEC. 594. <<NOTE: Deadline. 10 USC 503 note.>>  ARMED SERVICES 
                        VOCATIONAL APTITUDE BATTERY TEST SPECIAL 
                        PURPOSE ADJUNCT TO ADDRESS COMPUTATIONAL 
                        THINKING.

    Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall establish a special purpose test adjunct 
to the Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery test to address 
computational thinking skills relevant to military applications, 
including problem decomposition, abstraction, pattern recognition, 
analytical ability, the identification of variables involved in data 
representation, and the ability to create algorithms and solution 
expressions.
SEC. 595. EXTENSION OF REPORTING DEADLINE FOR THE ANNUAL REPORT ON 
                        THE ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF 
                        ACTIVITIES OF THE FEDERAL VOTING 
                        ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Elimination of Reports for Non-election Years.--Section 105A(b) 
of the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act (52 U.S.C. 
20308(b)) is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3667]]

            (1) by striking ``March 31 of each year'' and inserting 
        ``September 30 of each odd-numbered year''; and
            (2) by striking ``the following information'' and inserting 
        ``the following information with respect to the Federal 
        elections held during the preceding calendar year''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--Subsection (b) of section 105A of such 
Act (52 U.S.C. 20308(b)) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Annual Report'' 
        and inserting ``Biennial Report''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``In the case of'' and all 
        that follows through ``a description'' and inserting ``A 
        description''.
SEC. 596. PLAN ON PERFORMANCE OF FUNERAL HONORS DETAILS BY MEMBERS 
                        OF OTHER ARMED FORCES WHEN MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCE OF THE DECEASED ARE 
                        UNAVAILABLE.

    (a) Briefing on Plan.--
            (1) <<NOTE: Deadline.>>  In general.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall provide a briefing to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives setting 
        forth a plan for the performance of a funeral honors detail at 
        the funeral of a deceased member of the Armed Forces by one or 
        more members of the Armed Forces from an Armed Force other than 
        that of the deceased when--
                    (A) members of the Armed Force of the deceased are 
                unavailable for the performance of the detail;
                    (B) the performance of the detail by members of 
                other Armed Forces is requested by the family of the 
                deceased; and
                    (C) the chief of the Armed Force of the deceased 
                verifies the eligibility of the deceased for such 
                funeral honors.
            (2) Repeal of requirement for one member of armed force of 
        deceased in detail.--Section 1491(b)(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended in the first sentence by striking ``, at 
        least one of whom shall be a member of the armed force of which 
        the veteran was a member''.
            (3) Performance.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
        authorize the performance of funeral honors details by members 
        of the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard under 
        section 115 of title 32, United States Code, and may authorize 
        the remainder of such details to consist of members of veterans 
        organizations or other organizations approved for purposes of 
        section 1491 of title 10, United States Code, as provided for by 
        subsection (b)(2) of such section 1491.

    (b) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (a) shall include a 
detailed description of the authorities and requirements for the 
implementation of the plan, including administrative, logistical, 
coordination, and funding authorities and requirements.
SEC. 597. STUDY ON FINANCIAL IMPACTS OF THE CORONAVIRUS DISEASE 
                        2019 ON MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES AND 
                        BEST PRACTICES TO PREVENT FUTURE FINANCIAL 
                        HARDSHIPS.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study on the 
financial hardships experienced by members of the Armed Forces 
(including the reserve components) as a result of the Coronavirus 
Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3668]]

    (b) Elements.--The study shall--
            (1) examine the financial hardships members of the Armed 
        Forces experience as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, 
        including the effects of stop movement orders, loss of spousal 
        income, loss of hazardous duty incentive pay, school closures, 
        loss of childcare, loss of educational benefits, loss of drill 
        and exercise pay, cancelled deployments, and any additional 
        financial stressors identified by the Secretary;
            (2) identify best practices to provide assistance for 
        members of the Armed Forces experiencing the financial hardships 
        listed in paragraph (1); and
            (3) identify actions that can be taken by the Secretary to 
        prevent financial hardships listed in paragraph (1) from 
        occurring in the future.

    (c) Consultation and Coordination.--For the purposes of the study, 
the Secretary may--
            (1) consult with the Director of the Consumer Financial 
        Protection Bureau; and
            (2) with respect to members of the Coast Guard, coordinate 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security.

    (d) <<NOTE: Reports.>>  Submission.--Not later than 180 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the study under subsection (a).

    (e) Financial Hardship Defined.--In this section, the term 
``financial hardship'' means a loss of income or an unforeseen expense 
as a result of closures and changes in operations in response to the 
COVID-19 pandemic.
SEC. 598. LIMITATION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF ARMY COMBAT FITNESS 
                        TEST.

     <<NOTE: Study.>> The Secretary of the Army may not implement the 
Army Combat Fitness Test until the Secretary receives results of a 
study, conducted for purposes of this section by an entity independent 
of the Department of Defense, on the following:
            (1) The extent, if any, to which the test would adversely 
        impact members of the Army stationed or deployed to climates or 
        areas with conditions that make prohibitive the conduct of 
        outdoor physical training on a frequent or sustained basis.
            (2) The extent, if any, to which the test would affect 
        recruitment and retention in critical support military 
        occupational specialties of the Army, such as medical personnel.
SEC. 599. SEMIANNUAL REPORTS ON IMPLEMENTATION OF RECOMMENDATIONS 
                        OF THE COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF SPECIAL 
                        OPERATIONS FORCES CULTURE AND ETHICS.

    (a) <<NOTE: Time period. Coordination.>>  Semiannual Reports 
Required.--Not later than March 1, 2021, and every 180 days thereafter 
through March 1, 2024, the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall, in coordination with the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the current status of the 
implementation of the actions recommended as a result of the 
Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and Ethics.

    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:

[[Page 134 STAT. 3669]]

            (1) <<NOTE: List.>>  A list of the actions required as of 
        the date of such report to complete full implementation of each 
        of the 16 actions recommended by the Comprehensive Review 
        referred to in subsection (a).
            (2) An identification of the office responsible for 
        completing each action listed pursuant to paragraph (1), and an 
        estimated timeline for completion of such action.
            (3) If completion of any action listed pursuant to paragraph 
        (1) requires resources or actions for which authorization by 
        statute is required, a recommendation for legislative action for 
        such authorization.
            (4) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary or the 
        Commander considers appropriate.
SEC. 599A. REPORT ON IMPACT OF CHILDREN OF CERTAIN FILIPINO WORLD 
                          WAR II VETERANS ON NATIONAL SECURITY, 
                          FOREIGN POLICY, AND ECONOMIC AND 
                          HUMANITARIAN INTERESTS OF THE UNITED 
                          STATES.

    (a) <<NOTE: Consultation.>>  In General.--Not later than December 
31, 2020, the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of State, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the impact of the children 
of certain Filipino World War II veterans on the national security, 
foreign policy, and economic and humanitarian interests of the United 
States.

    (b) <<NOTE: Assessments.>>  Elements.--The report required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) The number of Filipino World War II veterans who fought 
        under the United States flag during World War II to protect and 
        defend the United States in the Pacific theater.
            (2) The number of Filipino World War II veterans who died 
        fighting under the United States flag during World War II to 
        protect and defend the United States in the Pacific theater.
            (3) An assessment of the economic and tax contributions that 
        Filipino World War II veterans and their families have made to 
        the United States.
            (4) An assessment of the impact on the United States of 
        exempting from the numerical limitations on immigrant visas the 
        children of the Filipino World War II veterans who were 
        naturalized under--
                    (A) section 405 of the Immigration Act of 1990 
                (Public Law 101-649; 8 U.S.C. 1440 note); or
                    (B) title III of the Nationality Act of 1940 (54 
                Stat. 1137; chapter 876), as added by section 1001 of 
                the Second War Powers Act, 1942 (56 Stat. 182; chapter 
                199).

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for maternity 
           leave taken by members of the reserve components.
Sec. 603. Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who receive 
           basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 604. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
           transportation allowances.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
           fares and tolls.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3670]]

Sec. 606. One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to the 
           Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
           professions.
Sec. 613. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
           of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the 
           uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
           required for family separation allowance for members of the 
           uniformed services.

    Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain Reserves 
           while on duty.
Sec. 622. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
           members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a permanent 
           change of station.
Sec. 623. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
           dependents.
Sec. 625. Gold Star Families Parks Pass.
Sec. 626. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
           care services and youth program services for dependents.
Sec. 627. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
           the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family home 
           day care services.
Sec. 628. Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP contributions by 
           military spouses.
Sec. 629. Report on implications of expansion of authority to provide 
           financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
           services or youth program services for survivors of members 
           of the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.
Sec. 629A. Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits for 
           surviving remarried spouses with dependent children of 
           members of the Armed Forces who die while on active duty or 
           certain reserve duty.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
           defense resale system.

             Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
           of the uniformed services.
Sec. 642. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
           lodging program.
Sec. 643. Operation of Stars and Stripes.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. <<NOTE: 37 USC 1009 note.>>  INCREASE IN BASIC PAY.

     <<NOTE: Effective date.>> Effective on January 1, 2021, the rates 
of monthly basic pay for members of the uniformed services are increased 
by 3.0 percent.
SEC. 602. COMPENSATION AND CREDIT FOR RETIRED PAY PURPOSES FOR 
                        MATERNITY LEAVE TAKEN BY MEMBERS OF THE 
                        RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Compensation.--Section 206(a) of title 37, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) for each of six days for each period during which the 
        member is on maternity leave.''.

    (b) Credit for Retired Pay Purposes.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3671]]

            (1) <<NOTE: 10 USC 12732 note.>>  In general.--The period of 
        maternity leave taken by a member of the reserve components of 
        the Armed Forces in connection with the birth of a child shall 
        count toward the member's entitlement to retired pay, and in 
        connection with the years of service used in computing retired 
        pay, under chapter 1223 of title 10, United States Code, as 12 
        points.
            (2) Separate credit for each period of leave.--Separate 
        crediting of points shall accrue to a member pursuant to this 
        subsection for each period of maternity leave taken by the 
        member in connection with a childbirth event.
            (3) When credited.--Points credited a member for a period of 
        maternity leave pursuant to this subsection shall be credited in 
        the year in which the period of maternity leave concerned 
        commences.
            (4) Contribution of leave toward entitlement to retired 
        pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, as 
        amended by section 516 of this Act, is further amended--
                    (A) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
                following new subparagraph:
                    ``(G) Points at the rate of 12 per period during 
                which the member is on maternity leave.''; and
                    (B) in the matter following subparagraph (G), as 
                inserted by subparagraph (A), by striking ``and (F)'' 
                and inserting ``(F), and (G)''.
            (5) Computation of years of service for retired pay.--
        Section 12733 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (6); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following 
                new paragraph (5):
            ``(5) One day for each point credited to the person under 
        subparagraph (F) of section 12732(a)(2) of this title.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: Applicability. 10 USC 12732 note.>>  Effective Date.--
This section and the amendments made by this section shall take effect 
on the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with respect 
to periods of maternity leave that commence on or after that date.
SEC. 603. PROVISION OF INFORMATION REGARDING SCRA TO MEMBERS WHO 
                        RECEIVE BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING.

    Section 403 of title 37, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
    ``(p) Information on Rights and Protections Under Servicemembers 
Civil Relief Act.--The Secretary concerned shall provide to each member 
of a uniformed service who receives a basic allowance for housing under 
this section information on the rights and protections available to such 
member under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 3901 et 
seq.)--
            ``(1) when such member first receives such basic allowance 
        for housing; and
            ``(2) each time such member receives a permanent change of 
        station.''.
SEC. 604. REORGANIZATION OF CERTAIN ALLOWANCES OTHER THAN TRAVEL 
                        AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES.

    (a) Per Diem for Duty Outside the Continental United States.--

[[Page 134 STAT. 3672]]

            (1) Transfer to chapter 7.--Section 475 of title 37, United 
        States Code, is transferred to chapter 7 of such title, inserted 
        after section 403b, and redesignated as section 405.
            (2) Repeal of termination provision.--Section 405 of title 
        37, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended by 
        striking subsection (f).

    (b) Allowance for Funeral Honors Duty.--
            (1) Transfer to chapter 7.--Section 495 of title 37, United 
        States Code, is transferred to chapter 7 of such title, inserted 
        after section 433a, and redesignated as section 435.
            (2) Repeal of termination provision.--Section 435 of title 
        37, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), is amended by 
        striking subsection (c).

    (c) Clerical Amendments.--
            (1) Chapter 7.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 7 of title 37, United States Code, <<NOTE: 37 USC 401 
        prec.>>  is amended--
                    (A) by inserting after the item relating to section 
                403b the following new item:

``405. Travel and transportation allowances: per diem while on duty 
           outside the continental United States.''; and

                    (B) by inserting after the item relating to section 
                433a the following new item:

``435. Funeral honors duty: allowance.''.

            (2) Chapter 8.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
        chapter 8 of title 37, United States Code, <<NOTE: 37 USC 451 
        prec.>>  is amended by striking the items relating to sections 
        475 and 495.
SEC. 605. EXPANSION OF TRAVEL AND TRANSPORTATION ALLOWANCES TO 
                        INCLUDE FARES AND TOLLS.

    Section 452(c)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(including fares and tolls, without regard to distance 
travelled)'' after ``transportation''.
SEC. 606. <<NOTE: 37 USC 416 note.>>  ONE-TIME UNIFORM ALLOWANCE 
                        FOR OFFICERS WHO TRANSFER TO THE SPACE 
                        FORCE.

    (a) <<NOTE: Reimbursement.>>  In General.--The Secretary of the Air 
Force may provide an officer who transfers from the Army, Navy, Air 
Force, or Marine Corps to the Space Force an allowance of not more than 
$400 as reimbursement for the purchase of required uniforms and 
equipment.

    (b) Relationship to Other Allowances.--The allowance under this 
section is in addition to any allowance available under any other 
provision of law.
    (c) Source of Funds.--Funds for allowances provided under subsection 
(a) in a fiscal year may be derived only from amounts authorized to be 
appropriated for military personnel of the Space Force for such fiscal 
year.
    (d) Applicability.--The authority for an allowance under this 
section shall apply with respect to any officer described in subsection 
(a) who transfers to the Space Force--
            (1) <<NOTE: Time period.>>  during the period beginning on 
        December 20, 2019, and ending on September 30, 2022; and
            (2) <<NOTE: Effective date.>>  on or after the date the 
        Secretary of the Air Force prescribes the official uniform for 
        the Space Force.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3673]]

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
                        PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of title 
37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments for 
reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--The 
following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021'':
            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
        accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected 
        Reserve.

    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2020'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2021'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
        and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

    (e) Authority To Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2021''.
SEC. 612. INCREASE IN SPECIAL AND INCENTIVE PAYS FOR OFFICERS IN 
                        HEALTH PROFESSIONS.

    (a) Accession Bonus Generally.--Subparagraph (A) of section 
335(e)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``$30,000'' and inserting ``$100,000''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3674]]

    (b) Accession Bonus for Critically Short Wartime Specialties.--
Subparagraph (B) of such section is amended by striking ``$100,000'' and 
inserting ``$200,000''.
    (c) Retention Bonus.--Subparagraph (C) of such section is amended by 
striking ``$75,000'' and inserting ``$150,000''.
    (d) Incentive Pay.--Subparagraph (D) of such section is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``$100,000'' and inserting 
        ``$200,000''; and
            (2) in clause (ii), by striking ``$15,000'' and inserting 
        ``$50,000''.

    (e) Board Certification Pay.--Subparagraph (E) of such section is 
amended by striking ``$6,000'' and inserting ``$15,000''.
    (f) <<NOTE: Applicability. 37 USC 335 note.>>  Effective Date.--The 
amendments made by this section shall apply with respect to special 
bonus and incentive pays payable under section 335 of title 37, United 
States Code, pursuant to agreements entered into under that section on 
or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 613. INCREASE IN CERTAIN HAZARDOUS DUTY INCENTIVE PAY FOR 
                        MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Section 351(b) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$250'' both places it appears and inserting ``$275''.
SEC. 614. PAYMENT OF HAZARDOUS DUTY INCENTIVE PAY FOR MEMBERS OF 
                        THE UNIFORMED SERVICES.

    Section 351 of title 37, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(i), by striking ``shall'' 
                and inserting ``may'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) by striking ``paragraph (2) or (3)'' and 
                      inserting ``paragraph (2)'';
                          (ii) by striking ``the Secretary concerned may 
                      prorate'' and all that follows and inserting ``the 
                      Secretary concerned--''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(i) may prorate the payment amount to 
                      reflect the duration of the member's actual 
                      qualifying service during the month; and
                          ``(ii) in the case of member who performs 
                      hazardous duty specifically designated by the 
                      Secretary concerned, shall pay the member 
                      hazardous duty pay in an amount not to exceed the 
                      maximum amount of hazardous duty pay that would be 
                      payable to the member under subsection (b)(2) for 
                      the entire month, regardless of the duration of 
                      the qualifying service.
                    ``(C) In the case of hazardous duty pay payable 
                under paragraph (3) of subsection (a), the Secretary 
                concerned may prorate the payment amount to reflect the 
                duration of the member's actual qualifying service 
                during the month.''; and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking ``December 31, 2020'' and 
        inserting ``December 31, 2021''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3675]]

SEC. 615. CLARIFICATION OF 30 DAYS OF CONTINUOUS DUTY ON BOARD A 
                        SHIP REQUIRED FOR FAMILY SEPARATION 
                        ALLOWANCE FOR MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                        SERVICES.

    Section 427(a)(1)(B) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``(or under orders to remain on board the ship while at the 
home port)'' after ``of the ship''.

    Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

SEC. 621. MODERNIZATION AND CLARIFICATION OF PAYMENT OF CERTAIN 
                        RESERVES WHILE ON DUTY.

    (a) Change in Priority of Payments for Retired or Retainer Pay.--
Subsection (a) of section 12316 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``subsection (b)'' and inserting 
                ``subsection (c)''; and
                    (B) by striking ``his earlier military service'' and 
                inserting ``the Reserve's earlier military service'';
                    (C) by striking ``a pension, retired or retainer 
                pay, or disability compensation'' and inserting 
                ``retired or retainer pay''; and
                    (D) by striking ``he is entitled'' and inserting 
                ``the Reserve is entitled''; and
            (2) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) the pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty 
        that the Reserve is performing; or
            ``(2) if the Reserve specifically waives those payments, the 
        retired or retainer pay to which the Reserve is entitled because 
        of the Reserve's earlier military service.''.

    (b) Payments for Pension or Disability Compensation.--Such section 
is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection (c); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (a) the following new 
        subsection (b):

    ``(b) Except as provided by subsection (c), a Reserve of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard who because of the 
Reserve's earlier military service is entitled to a pension or 
disability compensation, and who performs duty for which the Reserve is 
entitled to compensation, may elect to receive for that duty either--
            ``(1) the pension or disability compensation to which the 
        Reserve is entitled because of the Reserve's earlier military 
        service; or
            ``(2) if the Reserve specifically waives those payments, the 
        pay and allowances authorized by law for the duty that the 
        Reserve is performing.''.

    (c) Additional Conforming and Modernizing Amendments.--Subsection 
(c) of such section, as redesignated by subsection (b)(1) of this 
section, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(a)(2)'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``(a)(1) or (b)(2), as applicable,'';

[[Page 134 STAT. 3676]]

            (2) by striking ``his earlier military service'' the first 
        place it appears and inserting ``a Reserve's earlier military 
        service'';
            (3) by striking ``his earlier military service'' each other 
        place it appears and inserting ``the Reserve's earlier military 
        service'';
            (4) by striking ``he is entitled'' and inserting ``the 
        Reserve is entitled''; and
            (5) by striking ``the member or his dependents'' and 
        inserting ``the Reserve or the Reserve's dependents''.

    (d) Procedures.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) <<NOTE: Regulations.>>  The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations under which a Reserve of the Army, Navy, Air 
Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard may waive the pay and allowances 
authorized by law for the duty the Reserve is performing under 
subsection (a)(2) or (b)(2).''.

    (e) <<NOTE: 10 USC 12316 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
SEC. 622. RESTATEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO REIMBURSE 
                        MEMBERS FOR SPOUSE RELICENSING COSTS 
                        PURSUANT TO A PERMANENT CHANGE OF STATION.

    (a) In General.--Section 453 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Reimbursement of Qualifying Spouse Relicensing Costs Incident 
to a Member's Permanent Change of Station or Assignment.--(1) From 
amounts otherwise made available for a fiscal year to provide travel and 
transportation allowances under this chapter, the Secretary concerned 
may reimburse a member of the uniformed services for qualified 
relicensing costs of the spouse of the member when--
            ``(A) the member is reassigned, either as a permanent change 
        of station or permanent change of assignment, between duty 
        stations located in separate jurisdictions with unique licensing 
        or certification requirements and authorities; and
            ``(B) the movement of the member's dependents is authorized 
        at the expense of the United States under this section as part 
        of the reassignment.

    ``(2) Reimbursement provided to a member under this subsection may 
not exceed $1000 in connection with each reassignment described in 
paragraph (1).
    ``(3) No reimbursement may be provided under this subsection for 
qualified relicensing costs paid or incurred after December 31, 2024.
    ``(4) <<NOTE: Definition.>>  In this subsection, the term `qualified 
relicensing costs' means costs, including exam, continuing education 
courses, and registration fees, incurred by the spouse of a member if--
            ``(A) the spouse was licensed or certified in a profession 
        during the member's previous duty assignment and requires a new 
        license or certification to engage in that profession in a new 
        jurisdiction because of movement described in paragraph (1)(B) 
        in connection with the member's change in duty location pursuant 
        to reassignment described in paragraph (1)(A); and
            ``(B) the costs were incurred or paid to secure or maintain 
        the license or certification from the new jurisdiction in 
        connection with such reassignment.''.

[[Page 134 STAT. 3677]]

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority.--Section 476 of such 
title <<NOTE: 37 USC 476.>>  is amended by striking subsection (p).
SEC. 623. EXPANSION OF DEATH GRATUITY FOR ROTC GRADUATES.

    Section 623(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1475 note.>>  is amended by 
striking ``the date of the enactment of this Act'' and inserting ``May 
1, 2017''.
SEC. 624. EXPANSION OF ASSISTANCE FOR GOLD STAR SPOUSES AND OTHER 
                        DEPENDENTS.

    Section 633(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2014 (10 U.S.C. 1475 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) through (4) as 
        subparagraphs (A) through (D), respectively;
            (2) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``Each Secretary'';
            (3) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by inserting ``a 
        casualty assistance officer who is'' after ``jurisdiction of 
        such Secretary'';
            (4) by striking ``spouses and other dependents of members'' 
        and all that follows through ``services:'' and inserting an em 
        dash; and
            (5) by inserting before subparagraph (A), as redesignated, 
        the following:
            ``(A) a spouse and any other dependent of a member of such 
        Armed Force (including the reserve components thereof) who dies 
        on active duty; and
            ``(B) a dependent described in subparagraph (A) if the 
        spouse of the deceased member dies and the dependent (or the 
        guardian of such dependent) requests such assistance.

    ``(2) Casualty assistance officers described in paragraph (1) shall 
provide to spouses and dependents described in that paragraph the 
following services:''.
SEC. 625. GOLD STAR FAMILIES PARKS PASS.

    (a) In General.--Section 805(b) of the Federal Lands Recreation 
Enhancement Act (16 U.S.C. 6804(b)) is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
            ``(3) Gold star families parks pass.--The Secretary shall 
        make the National Parks and Federal Recreational Lands Pass 
        available, at no cost, to members of Gold Star Families who meet 
        the eligibility requirements of section 3.2 of Department of 
        Defense Instruction 1348.36 (or a successor instruction).''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--Section 805 of the Federal 
Lands Recreation Enhancement Act (16 U