[115th Congress Public Law 232]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]



[[Page 1635]]

 JOHN S. MCCAIN NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2019

[[Page 132 STAT. 1636]]

Public Law 115-232
115th Congress

                                 An Act


 
To authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2019 for military activities 
of the Department of Defense, for military construction, and for defense 
activities of the Department of Energy, to prescribe military personnel 
strengths for such fiscal year, and for other purposes. <<NOTE: Aug. 13, 
                         2018 -  [H.R. 5515]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019.>> 
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    (a) In General.--This Act may be cited as the ``John S. McCain 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019''.
    (b) References.--Any reference in this or any other Act to the 
``National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019'' shall be 
deemed to be a reference to the ``John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019''.
SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into four divisions as 
follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National Security 
        Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.

    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act is as 
follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. National Guard and reserve component equipment report.
Sec. 112. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
           capability.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for Ford class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Full ship shock trial for Ford class aircraft carrier.
Sec. 123. Sense of Congress on accelerated production of aircraft 
           carriers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-6.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F aircraft and EA-
           18G aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1637]]

Sec. 127. Modifications to F/A-18 aircraft to mitigate physiological 
           episodes.
Sec. 128. Frigate class ship program.
Sec. 129. Contract requirement for Virginia class submarine program.
Sec. 130. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
           security barriers.
Sec. 131. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
           contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds for M27 Infantry Automatic 
           Rifle program.
Sec. 133. Report on degaussing standards for DDG-51 destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Inventory requirement for air refueling tanker aircraft; 
           limitation on retirement of KC-10A aircraft.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 143. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 144. Retirement date for VC-25A aircraft.
Sec. 145. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
           Recapitalization Program.
Sec. 146. Limitation on use of funds for KC-46A aircraft pending 
           submittal of certification.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
           JSTARS Aircraft.
Sec. 148. Report on modernization of B-52H aircraft systems.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Procurement authority for additional icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 152. Buy-to-budget acquisition of F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 153. Certification on inclusion of technology to minimize 
           physiological episodes in certain aircraft.
Sec. 154. Armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles.
Sec. 155. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
           projects.
Sec. 212. Extension of directed energy prototype authority.
Sec. 213. Prohibition on availability of funds for the Weather Common 
           Component program.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 continuous 
           capability development and delivery.
Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on agile 
           software development and software operations.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for certain high energy 
           laser advanced technology.
Sec. 217. Plan for the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 218. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.
Sec. 219. Modification of CVN-73 to support fielding of MQ-25 unmanned 
           aerial vehicle.
Sec. 220. Establishment of innovators information repository in the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Strategic plan for Department of Defense test and evaluation 
           resources.
Sec. 222. Collaboration between Defense laboratories, industry, and 
           academia; open campus program.
Sec. 223. Permanent extension and codification of authority to conduct 
           technology protection features activities during research and 
           development of defense systems.
Sec. 224. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
           Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 225. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 226. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
           personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 227. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 228. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
           expedited access to technical talent and expertise at 
           academic institutions.
Sec. 229. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 230. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 231. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
           and education.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1638]]

Sec. 232. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
           System.
Sec. 233. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for national 
           security innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 234. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
           and development program.
Sec. 235. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 236. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
           access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
           institutions to support Department of Defense missions.
Sec. 237. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
           conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
           capabilities.
Sec. 238. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
           transition activities.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Report on survivability of air defense artillery.
Sec. 242. T-45 aircraft physiological episode mitigation actions.
Sec. 243. Report on efforts of the Air Force to mitigate physiological 
           episodes affecting aircraft crewmembers.
Sec. 244. Report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
Sec. 245. Modification of funding criteria under Historically Black 
           Colleges and Universities and minority institutions program.
Sec. 246. Report on OA-X light attack aircraft applicability to partner 
           nation support.
Sec. 247. Reports on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
           technology areas.
Sec. 248. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
           tactical vehicles.
Sec. 249. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 250. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
           defense laboratories for research and development of 
           technologies for military missions.
Sec. 251. Briefings on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
           Lift programs.
Sec. 252. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 253. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 254. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
           transmission replacement.
Sec. 255. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
           programs.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 312. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.
Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy derived from 
           geothermal resources for projects at military installations 
           where resources are located.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of per- 
           and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking 
           water by agency for toxic substances and disease registry.
Sec. 316. Extension of authorized periods of permitted incidental 
           takings of marine mammals in the course of specified 
           activities by Department of Defense.
Sec. 317. Department of Defense environmental restoration programs.
Sec. 318. Joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars and 
           military operations.
Sec. 319. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 320. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Authorizing use of working capital funds for unspecified minor 
           military construction projects related to revitalization and 
           recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 322. Examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 323. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
           vessels.
Sec. 324. Temporary modification of workload carryover formula.
Sec. 325. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
           master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair Facility 
           in Guam.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1639]]

Sec. 326. Business case analysis for proposed relocation of J85 Engine 
           Regional Repair Center.
Sec. 327. Report on pilot program for micro-reactors.
Sec. 328. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
           Restoration, and Modernization structure and mechanism.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 332. Matters for inclusion in quarterly reports on personnel and 
           unit readiness.
Sec. 333. Annual Comptroller General reviews of readiness of Armed 
           Forces to conduct full spectrum operations.
Sec. 334. Surface warfare training improvement.
Sec. 335. Report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
           certifications.
Sec. 336. Report on depot-level maintenance and repair.
Sec. 337. Report on wildfire suppression capabilities of active and 
           reserve components.
Sec. 338. Report on relocation of steam turbine production from Nimitz-
           class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class and 
           Columbia-class submarines.
Sec. 339. Report on Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training production, 
           resourcing, and locations.
Sec. 340. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.
Sec. 341. Report on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Coast Guard representation on explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
           military working dogs outside the continental United States 
           that are suitable for adoption in the United States.
Sec. 353. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 354. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 355. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 356. Notification requirements relating to changes to uniform of 
           members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 357. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 358. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
           Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 359. Prioritization of environmental impacts for facilities 
           sustainment, restoration, and modernization demolition.
Sec. 360. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
           Michigan.
Sec. 361. U.S. Special Operations Command Civilian Personnel.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
           reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
           service by age 62 as qualification for original appointment 
           as a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 502. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit for 
           private sector training or experience upon original 
           appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the military 
           departments for officers in certain grades with critical 
           skills.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1640]]

Sec. 504. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
           particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 505. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
           consideration.
Sec. 506. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
           continuation on active duty of officers in certain military 
           specialties and career tracks.
Sec. 507. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
           competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 508. Attending Physician to the Congress.
Sec. 509. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for purposes 
           of retirement grade of officers in highest grade of 
           satisfactory service.
Sec. 510. Grades of Chiefs of Chaplains.
Sec. 511. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
           warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 512. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
           for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 513. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
           considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 514. GAO review of surface warfare career paths.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 515. Authorized strength and distribution in grade.
Sec. 516. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces Policy 
           Committee by members on active duty.
Sec. 517. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
           the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions and 
           missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 518. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
           of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of promotion.
Sec. 519. National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Extension of authority for pilot program on use of retired 
           senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard as Army 
           National Guard recruiters.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Enlistments vital to the national interest.
Sec. 522. Statement of benefits.
Sec. 523. Modification to forms of support that may be accepted in 
           support of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting 
           Agency.
Sec. 524.  Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related adjustments.
Sec. 525. Notification on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 526. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 527. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
           watchstations.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
           constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the Uniform 
           Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
           of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
           Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 534. Report on feasibility of expanding services of the Special 
           Victims' Counsel to victims of domestic violence.
Sec. 535. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
           sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Standardization of policies related to expedited transfer in 
           cases of sexual assault or domestic violence.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
           judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
           Review.
Sec. 542. Security clearance reinvestigation of certain personnel who 
           commit certain offenses.
Sec. 543. Development of oversight plan for implementation of Department 
           of Defense harassment prevention and response policy.
Sec. 544. Oversight of registered sex offender management program.
Sec. 545. Development of resource guides regarding sexual assault for 
           the military service academies.
Sec. 546. Improved crime reporting.
Sec. 547. Report on victims of sexual assault in reports of military 
           criminal investigative organizations.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 551. Permanent career intermission program.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1641]]

Sec. 552. Improvements to Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 553. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
           and community service.
Sec. 554. Clarification of application and honorable service 
           requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to members 
           of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 555. Employment and compensation of civilian faculty members at the 
           Joint Special Operations University.
Sec. 556. Program to assist members of the Armed Forces in obtaining 
           professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps programs.
Sec. 558. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
           program for retired and discharged members of the Armed 
           Forces and their immediate families.
Sec. 559. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
           personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
           professional military education courses.

                Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 562. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
           procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
           schools.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity misconduct database.
Sec. 564. Assessment and report on active shooter threat mitigation at 
           schools located on military installations.

              Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
           matters.
Sec. 572. Enhancement and clarification of family support services for 
           family members of members of special operations forces.
Sec. 573. Temporary expansion of authority for noncompetitive 
           appointments of military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 574. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
           military spouses.
Sec. 575.  Assessment and report on the effects of permanent changes of 
           station on employment among military spouses.
Sec. 576. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
           services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 577. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
           abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 578. Pilot program for military families: prevention of child abuse 
           and training on safe childcare practices.
Sec. 579. Assessment and report on small business activities of military 
           spouses on military installations in the United States.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Atomic veterans service certificate.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of military 
           working dogs.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of distinguished-service cross to 
           Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation 
           Enduring Freedom.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 592. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
           Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 593. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
           Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of boards 
           of other military service academies.
Sec. 594. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
           matters.
Sec. 595. Public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members of 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on general and flag officer costs.
Sec. 597. Study on active service obligations for medical training with 
           other service obligations for education or training and 
           health professional recruiting.
Sec. 598. Criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 599. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on Army 
           Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 600. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
           rate limitation under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1642]]

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
           to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 602. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
           allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and frequent 
           mobilizations.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
           duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.
Sec. 604. Extension of parking expenses allowance to civilian employees 
           at recruiting facilities.
Sec. 605. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
           pay while serving in the uniformed services or National 
           Guard.
Sec. 606. Military Housing Privatization Initiative.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.
Sec. 612. Report on imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 621. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
           privileges to certain veterans and their caregivers.
Sec. 622. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
           special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
           adjustments.
Sec. 623. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
           members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
           mementos of military service.
Sec. 624. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
           veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as total.
Sec. 625. Mandatory increase in insurance coverage under Servicemembers' 
           Group Life Insurance for members deployed to combat theaters 
           of operation.
Sec. 626. Access to military installations for certain surviving spouses 
           and other next of kin of members of the Armed Forces who die 
           while on active duty or certain reserve duty.
Sec. 627. Study and report on development of a single defense resale 
           system.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
           members after redeployment from a contingency operation upon 
           discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
           post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
           trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
           military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
           support the medical requirements of the combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
           Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 714. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.
Sec. 715. Sharing of information with State prescription drug monitoring 
           programs.
Sec. 716. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
           system.
Sec. 717. Wounded warrior policy review.
Sec. 718. Medical simulation technology and live tissue training within 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 719. Improvements to trauma center partnerships.
Sec. 720. Improvement to notification to Congress of hospitalization of 
           combat-wounded members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
           Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
           Fund.
Sec. 732. Joint forces medical capabilities development and 
           standardization.
Sec. 733. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments of 
           members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 734. Report on requirement for certain former members of the Armed 
           Forces to enroll in Medicare Part B to be eligible for 
           TRICARE for Life.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1643]]

Sec. 735. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
           of credit toward a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 736. Strategic medical research plan.
Sec. 737. Comptroller General of the United States review of Defense 
           Health Agency oversight of transition between managed care 
           support contractors for the TRICARE program.
Sec. 738. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
           options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 739. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
           Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

Sec. 800. Effective dates; coordination of amendments.

Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and Regulations

 Part I--Consolidation of Defense Acquisition Statutes in New Part V of 
               Subtitle A of Title 10, United States Code

Sec. 801. Framework for new part V of subtitle A.

Part II--Redesignation of Sections and Chapters of Subtitles B, C, and D 
              to Provide Room for New Part V of Subtitle A

Sec. 806. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle D of title 
           10, United States Code--Air Force.
Sec. 807. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle C of title 
           10, United States Code--Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 808. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle B of title 
           10, United States Code--Army.
Sec. 809. Cross references to redesignated sections and chapters.

   Part III--Repeals of Certain Provisions of Defense Acquisition Law

Sec. 811. Amendment to and repeal of statutory requirements for certain 
           positions or offices in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Repeal of certain defense acquisition laws.
Sec. 813. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
           requirements.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 816. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
           order contracts.
Sec. 817. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
           multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 818. Revision of requirement to submit information on services 
           contracts to Congress.
Sec. 819. Data collection and inventory for services contracts.
Sec. 820. Report on clarification of services contracting definitions.
Sec. 821. Increase in micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 822. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 823. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
           performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 824. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 825. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
           certified cost and price data.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions in authority relating to program cost targets and 
           fielding targets for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
           Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life Cycle.
Sec. 833. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
           related initiatives.

           Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 836. Revision of definition of commercial item for purposes of 
           Federal acquisition statutes.
Sec. 837. Limitation on applicability to Department of Defense 
           commercial contracts of certain provisions of law.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1644]]

Sec. 838. Modifications to procurement through commercial e-commerce 
           portals.
Sec. 839. Review of Federal acquisition regulations on commercial 
           products, commercial services, and commercially available 
           off-the-shelf items.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Report on limited sourcing of specific components for Naval 
           vessels.
Sec. 842. Removal of national interest determination requirements for 
           certain entities.
Sec. 843. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to determine 
           the authenticity and security of microelectronic parts in 
           weapon systems.
Sec. 844. Limitation on certain procurements application process.
Sec. 845. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 846. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
           defense industrial base.
Sec. 847. Limitation on procurement of certain items for T-AO-205 
           program.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 851. Department of Defense small business strategy.
Sec. 852. Prompt payments of small business contractors.
Sec. 853. Increased participation in the Small Business Administration 
           microloan program.
Sec. 854. Amendments to Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
           Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 855. Construction contract administration.
Sec. 856. Comptroller General study of impact of broadband speed and 
           price on small businesses.
Sec. 857. Consolidated budget display for the Department of Defense 
           Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small Business 
           Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 858. Funding for procurement technical assistance program.
Sec. 859. Authorization for payment of certain costs relating to 
           procurement technical assistance centers.
Sec. 860. Commercialization Assistance Pilot Program.
Sec. 861. Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 862. Opportunities for employee-owned business concerns through 
           Small Business Administration loan programs.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

Sec. 865. Validation of proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 866. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 867. Requirement for negotiation of technical data price before 
           sustainment of major weapon systems.
Sec. 868. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
           Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and 
           Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 869. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
           development methods required under section 873 of the 
           National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 870. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in future 
           acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat support 
           systems.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
           allied foreign nations.
Sec. 872. Extension of prohibition on providing funds to the enemy.
Sec. 873. Data, policy, and reporting on the use of other transactions.
Sec. 874. Standardization of formatting and public accessibility of 
           Department of Defense reports to Congress.
Sec. 875. Promotion of the use of Government-wide and other interagency 
           contracts.
Sec. 876. Increasing competition at the task order level.
Sec. 877. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 878. Procurement administrative lead time definition and plan.
Sec. 879. Briefing on funding of product support strategies.
Sec. 880. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
           process.
Sec. 881. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 882. Review of market research.
Sec. 883. Establishment of integrated review team on defense acquisition 
           industry-government exchange.
Sec. 884. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.
Sec. 885. Process to limit foreign access to technology.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1645]]

Sec. 886. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
           purposes.
Sec. 887. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
           data regarding modeling and simulation activity.
Sec. 888. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
           with disabilities.
Sec. 889. Prohibition on certain telecommunications and video 
           surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 890. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Report on allocation of former responsibilities of the Under 
           Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
           Logistics.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of the Under Secretary of 
           Defense for Policy.
Sec. 903. Clarification of responsibilities and duties of the Chief 
           Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 904. Technical corrections to Department of Defense Test Resource 
           Management Center authority.
Sec. 905. Specification of certain duties of the Defense Technical 
           Information Center.

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Comprehensive review of operational and administrative chains-
           of-command and functions of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 912. Modification of certain responsibilities of the Chairman of 
           the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force concept 
           development.
Sec. 913. Clarification of certain risk assessment requirements of the 
           Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection with the 
           National Military Strategy.
Sec. 914.  Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
           Intensity Conflict review of United States Special Operations 
           Command.
Sec. 915. Expansion of principal duties of Assistant Secretary of the 
           Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition.
Sec. 916. Qualifications for appointment as Deputy Chief Management 
           Officer of a military department.
Sec. 917. Deadline for completion of full implementation of requirements 
           in connection with organization of the Department of Defense 
           for management of special operations forces and special 
           operations.
Sec. 918. Cross-functional teams in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 919. Limitation on transfer of the Chemical, Biological, and 
           Radiological Defense Division of the Navy.

   Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

Sec. 921. Authorities and responsibilities of the Chief Management 
           Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Analysis of Department of Defense business management and 
           operations datasets to promote savings and efficiencies.
Sec. 923. Periodic review of the Defense Agencies and Department of 
           Defense Field Activities by the Chief Management Officer of 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 924. Actions to increase the efficiency and transparency of the 
           Defense Logistics Agency.
Sec. 925. Review of functions of Defense Contract Audit Agency and 
           Defense Contract Management Agency.
Sec. 926. Review and improvement of the operations of the Defense 
           Finance and Accounting Service.
Sec. 927. Assessment of chief information officer functions in 
           connection with transition to enterprise-wide management of 
           information technology and computing.
Sec. 928. Comptroller General of the United States report on cross-
           enterprise activities of the Inspectors General of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 929. General provisions.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 931. Limitation on availability of funds for major headquarters 
           activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 933. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1646]]

Sec. 934. Report on implementation of requirements on estimation and 
           comparison of costs of civilian and military manpower and 
           contract support for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 935. Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
           Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Defense appropriation.
Sec. 936. Responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 937. Additional matters in connection with background and security 
           investigations for Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 938. Research and development to advance capabilities of the 
           Department of Defense in data integration and advanced 
           analytics in connection with personnel security.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Trusted information provider program for national security 
           positions and positions of trust.
Sec. 942. Report on expedited processing of security clearances for 
           mission-critical positions.
Sec. 943. Report on clearance in person concept.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Expertise in audit remediation.
Sec. 1003. Authority to transfer funds to Director of National 
           Intelligence for CAPNET.
Sec. 1004. Audit of financial systems of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1005. Report on auditable financial statements.
Sec. 1006. Transparency of accounting firms used to support Department 
           of Defense audit.

                 Subtitle B--Naval Vessels and Shipyards

Sec. 1011. Inclusion of operation and sustainment costs in annual naval 
           vessel construction plans.
Sec. 1012. Purchase of vessels using funds in National Defense Sealift 
           Fund.
Sec. 1013. Purchase of vessels built in foreign shipyards with funds in 
           National Defense Sealift Fund.
Sec. 1014. Date of listing of vessels as battle force ships in the Naval 
           Vessel Register and other fleet inventory measures.
Sec. 1015. Technical corrections and clarifications to chapter 633 of 
           title 10, United States Code, and other provisions of law 
           regarding naval vessels.
Sec. 1016. Dismantlement and disposal of nuclear-powered aircraft 
           carriers.
Sec. 1017. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of hospital ships.
Sec. 1018. Inclusion of aircraft carrier refueling overhaul budget 
           request in annual budget justification materials.
Sec. 1019. Business case analysis of Ready Reserve Force 
           recapitalization options.
Sec. 1020. Transfer of excess naval vessel to Bahrain.

                      Subtitle C--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1031. Definition of sensitive military operation.
Sec. 1032. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
           relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
           Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1033. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
           individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1034. Prohibition on use of funds to construct or modify facilities 
           in the United States to house detainees transferred from 
           United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Sec. 1035. Prohibition on use of funds for transfer or release of 
           individuals detained at United States Naval Station, 
           Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.

          Subtitle D--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1041. Strategic guidance documents within the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 1042. Notification on the provision of defense sensitive support.
Sec. 1043. Coordinating United States response to malign foreign 
           influence operations and campaigns.
Sec. 1044. Clarification of reimbursable allowed costs of FAA memoranda 
           of agreement.
Sec. 1045. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 1046. Mitigation of operational risks posed to certain military 
           aircraft by automatic dependent surveillance-broadcast 
           equipment.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1647]]

Sec. 1047. Limitation on availability of funds for unmanned surface 
           vehicles.
Sec. 1048. Pilot program for Department of Defense controlled 
           unclassified information in the hands of industry.
Sec. 1049. Critical technologies list.
Sec. 1050. Airborne Hazards and Open Burn Pit Registry.
Sec. 1051. National Security Commission on Artificial Intelligence.
Sec. 1052. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1053. Guidance on the electronic warfare mission area and joint 
           electromagnetic spectrum operations.

                     Subtitle E--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1061. Annual reports by the Armed Forces on Out-Year Unconstrained 
           Total Munitions Requirements and Out-Year inventory numbers.
Sec. 1062. Improvement of annual report on civilian casualties in 
           connection with United States military operations.
Sec. 1063. Report on capabilities and capacities of Armored Brigade 
           Combat Teams.
Sec. 1064. Activities and reporting relating to Department of Defense's 
           Cloud Initiative.
Sec. 1065. Limitation on use of funds for United States Special 
           Operations Command Global Messaging and Counter-Messaging 
           platform.
Sec. 1066. Comprehensive review of professionalism and ethics programs 
           for special operations forces.
Sec. 1067. Munitions assessments and future-years defense program 
           requirements.
Sec. 1068. Report on establishment of Army Futures Command.
Sec. 1069. Report on cyber-enabled information operations.
Sec. 1070. Report on unmanned aircraft in Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 1071. Report on an updated Arctic strategy.
Sec. 1072. Report on use and availability of military installations for 
           disaster response.
Sec. 1073. Report on Department of Defense participation in Export 
           Administration Regulations license application review 
           process.
Sec. 1074. Military aviation readiness review in support of the National 
           Defense Strategy.
Sec. 1075. Report on highest-priority roles and missions of the 
           Department of Defense and the Armed Forces.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Principal Advisor on Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction.
Sec. 1083. Modification of authority to transfer aircraft to other 
           departments for wildfire suppression purposes.
Sec. 1084. Improvement of database on emergency response capabilities.
Sec. 1085. Disclosure requirements for United States-based foreign media 
           outlets.
Sec. 1086. United States policy with respect to freedom of navigation 
           and overflight.
Sec. 1087. National Commission on Military Aviation Safety.
Sec. 1088. Sense of Congress regarding the international borders of the 
           United States.
Sec. 1089. Policy on response to juvenile-on-juvenile problematic sexual 
           behavior committed on military installations.
Sec. 1090. Recognition of America's veterans.
Sec. 1091. Prohibition of funds for Chinese language instruction 
           provided by a Confucius Institute.
Sec. 1092. Department of Defense engagement with certain nonprofit 
           entities in support of missions of deployed United States 
           personnel around the world.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

Sec. 1101. Direct hire authority for the Department of Defense for 
           certain competitive service positions.
Sec. 1102. Modification of direct hire authority for the Department of 
           Defense for post-secondary students and recent graduates.
Sec. 1103. Extension of overtime rate authority for Department of the 
           Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in support 
           of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward deployed in 
           Japan.
Sec. 1104. One-year extension and expansion of authority to waive annual 
           limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for 
           Federal civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1105. Extension of authority to conduct telework travel expenses 
           test programs.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1648]]

Sec. 1106. Personnel demonstration projects.
Sec. 1107. Expanded flexibility in selecting candidates from referral 
           lists.
Sec. 1108. Expedited hiring authority for college graduates and post 
           secondary students.
Sec. 1109. Inapplicability of certification of executive qualifications 
           by qualification review boards of Office of Personnel 
           Management for initial appointments to Senior Executive 
           Service positions in Department of Defense.
Sec. 1110. Engagement with Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
           and minority-serving institutions for the purposes of 
           technical workforce enhancement.
Sec. 1111. Inclusion of Strategic Capabilities Office and Defense 
           Innovation Unit Experimental of the Department of Defense in 
           personnel management authority to attract experts in science 
           and engineering.
Sec. 1112. Enhancement of flexible management authorities for science 
           and technology reinvention laboratories of the Department of 
           Defense.
Sec. 1113. Inclusion of Office of Secretary of Defense among components 
           of the Department of Defense covered by direct hire authority 
           for financial management experts.
Sec. 1114. Alcohol testing of civil service mariners of the Military 
           Sealift Command assigned to vessels.
Sec. 1115. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
           allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
           official duty in a combat zone.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Modification of authority to build the capacity of foreign 
           security forces.
Sec. 1202. Clarification of authority for use of advisors and trainers 
           for training of personnel of foreign ministries with security 
           missions under defense institution capacity building 
           authorities.
Sec. 1203. Increase in cost limitation and additional notification 
           required for small scale construction related to security 
           cooperation.
Sec. 1204. Technical corrections relating to defense security 
           cooperation statutory reorganization.
Sec. 1205. Review and report on processes and procedures used to carry 
           out section 362 of title 10, United States Code.
Sec. 1206. Report on the use of security cooperation authorities.
Sec. 1207. Participation in and support of the Inter-American Defense 
           College.
Sec. 1208. Naval Small Craft Instruction and Technical Training School.
Sec. 1209. Expansion of Regional Defense Combating Terrorism Fellowship 
           Program to include irregular warfare.
Sec. 1210. Modification to Department of Defense State Partnership 
           Program.
Sec. 1211. Assessment, monitoring, and evaluation of security 
           cooperation.
Sec. 1212. Legal and policy review of advise, assist, and accompany 
           missions.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
           security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1214. Framework for obtaining concurrence for participation in 
           activities of regional centers for security studies.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1221. Extension of authority to transfer defense articles and 
           provide defense services to the military and security forces 
           of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of reporting requirements for 
           special immigrant visas for Afghan allies program.
Sec. 1223. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
Sec. 1224. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
           Program.
Sec. 1225. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
           certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
           States military operations.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1231. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
           to the vetted Syrian opposition.
Sec. 1232. Syrian war crimes accountability.
Sec. 1233. Extension of authority to provide assistance to counter the 
           Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1234. Limitation on assistance to the Government of Iraq.
Sec. 1235. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
           and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1236. Modification of annual report on military power of Iran.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1649]]

Sec. 1237. Strategy to counter destabilizing activities of Iran.

         Subtitle D--Matters Relating to the Russian Federation

Sec. 1241. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
           of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1242. Limitation on availability of funds relating to 
           implementation of the Open Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1243. Determination required regarding material breach of INF 
           Treaty by the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1244. Comprehensive response to the Russian Federation's material 
           breach of the INF Treaty.
Sec. 1245. Report on implementation of the New START Treaty.
Sec. 1246. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
           Initiative.
Sec. 1247. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
           United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on enhancing deterrence against Russian 
           aggression in Europe.

         Subtitle E--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Name of United States Indo-Pacific Command.
Sec. 1252. Redesignation, expansion, and extension of Southeast Asia 
           Maritime Security Initiative.
Sec. 1253. Redesignation and modification of sense of Congress and 
           initiative for the Indo-Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 1254. Assessment of and report on geopolitical conditions in the 
           Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on extended nuclear deterrence in the Indo-
           Pacific region.
Sec. 1256. Reinstatement of reporting requirements with respect to 
           United States-Hong Kong relations.
Sec. 1257. Strengthening Taiwan's force readiness.
Sec. 1258. Sense of Congress on Taiwan.
Sec. 1259. Prohibition on participation of the People's Republic of 
           China in Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) naval exercises.
Sec. 1260. Modification of annual report on military and security 
           developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1261. United States strategy on China.
Sec. 1262. Report on military and coercive activities of the People's 
           Republic of China in South China Sea.
Sec. 1263. Requirement for critical languages and expertise in Chinese, 
           Korean, Russian, Farsi, and Arabic.
Sec. 1264. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
           members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
           deployed to the Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1265. Reports on nuclear capabilities of the Democratic People's 
           Republic of Korea.
Sec. 1266. Modification of report required under enhancing defense and 
           security cooperation with India.

                  Subtitle F--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 1271. Modification of authorities relating to acquisition and 
           cross-servicing agreements.
Sec. 1272. United States-Israel countering unmanned aerial systems 
           cooperation.
Sec. 1273. Enhancement of U.S.-Israel defense cooperation.
Sec. 1274. Review to determine whether the Armed Forces or coalition 
           partners of the United States violated Federal law or 
           Department of Defense policy while conducting operations in 
           Yemen.
Sec. 1275. Report on United States Government security cooperation and 
           assistance programs with Mexico.
Sec. 1276. Report on Department of Defense missions, operations, and 
           activities in Niger.
Sec. 1277. Report on the security relationship between the United States 
           and the Republic of Cyprus.
Sec. 1278. Sense of Congress on detention of United States citizens by 
           the Government of the Republic of Turkey.
Sec. 1279. Technical amendments related to NATO Support and Procurement 
           Organization and related NATO agreements.
Sec. 1280. Report on permanent stationing of United States forces in the 
           Republic of Poland.
Sec. 1281. Report on strengthening NATO cyber defense.
Sec. 1282. Report on status of the United States relationship with the 
           Republic of Turkey.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1650]]

Sec. 1283. Sense of the Congress concerning military-to-military 
           dialogues.
Sec. 1284. Modifications to Global Engagement Center.
Sec. 1285. Sense of Congress on countering hybrid threats and malign 
           influence.
Sec. 1286. Initiative to support protection of national security 
           academic researchers from undue influence and other security 
           threats.
Sec. 1287. Report on Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador.
Sec. 1288. Modification of freedom of navigation reporting requirements.
Sec. 1289. Coordination of efforts to negotiate free trade agreements 
           with certain sub-Saharan African countries.
Sec. 1290. Certifications regarding actions by Saudi Arabia and the 
           United Arab Emirates in Yemen.
Sec. 1291. Treatment of Rwandan Patriotic Front and Rwandan Patriotic 
           Army under Immigration and Nationality Act.
Sec. 1292. Limitation on availability of funds to implement the Arms 
           Trade Treaty.
Sec. 1293. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
           support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1294. Modified waiver authority for certain sanctionable 
           transactions under section 231 of the Countering America's 
           Adversaries Through Sanctions Act.
Sec. 1295. Rule of construction relating to the use of force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301.  Funding allocations.
Sec. 1302.  Specification of cooperative threat reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
           Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
           Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Oversight of health care provided to residents of the Armed 
           Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1414. Modification of authority on acceptance of gifts for the 
           Armed Forces Retirement Home.
Sec. 1415. Relief for residents of the Armed Forces Retirement Home 
           impacted by increase in fees.
Sec. 1416. Limitation on applicability of fee increase for residents of 
           the Armed Forces Retirement Home.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
           Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
           demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
           Center, Illinois.
Sec. 1422. Economical and efficient operation of working capital fund 
           activities.
Sec. 1423. Consolidation of reporting requirements under the Strategic 
           and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act.
Sec. 1424. Quarterly briefing on progress of chemical demilitarization 
           program.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Procurement.
Sec. 1503. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1504. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1505. Military personnel.
Sec. 1506. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1507. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1508. Defense inspector general.
Sec. 1509. Defense health program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1651]]

Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.
Sec. 1513. Overseas contingency operations.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Joint Improvised-Threat Defeat Organization.
Sec. 1522. Enduring costs funded through overseas contingency 
           operations.
Sec. 1523. Comptroller General report on use of funds provided by 
           overseas contingency operations.

     TITLE XVI--STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, CYBER, AND INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Improvements to acquisition system, personnel, and 
           organization of space forces.
Sec. 1602. Modifications to Space Rapid Capabilities Office.
Sec. 1603. Rapid, responsive, and reliable space launch.
Sec. 1604. Provision of space situational awareness services and 
           information.
Sec. 1605. Budget assessments for national security space programs.
Sec. 1606. Improvements to commercial space launch operations.
Sec. 1607. Space warfighting policy, review of space capabilities, and 
           plan on space warfighting readiness.
Sec. 1608. Use of small- and medium-size buses for strategic and 
           tactical satellite payloads.
Sec. 1609. Enhancement of positioning, navigation, and timing capacity.
Sec. 1610. Designation of component of Department of Defense responsible 
           for coordination of modernization efforts relating to 
           military-code capable GPS receiver cards.
Sec. 1611. Designation of component of Department of Defense responsible 
           for coordination of hosted payload information.
Sec. 1612. Limitation on availability of funds for Joint Space 
           Operations Center mission system.
Sec. 1613. Evaluation and enhanced security of supply chain for 
           protected satellite communications programs and overhead 
           persistent infrared systems.
Sec. 1614. Report on protected satellite communications.
Sec. 1615. Report on enhancements to the Global Positioning System 
           Operational Control Segment.
Sec. 1616. Report on persistent weather imagery for United States 
           Central Command.
Sec. 1617. Study on space-based radio frequency mapping.
Sec. 1618. Independent study on space launch locations.
Sec. 1619. Briefing on commercial satellite servicing capabilities.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Role of Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence.
Sec. 1622. Security vetting for foreign nationals.
Sec. 1623. Department of Defense Counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 1624. Defense intelligence business management systems.
Sec. 1625. Modification to annual briefing on the intelligence, 
           surveillance, and reconnaissance requirements of the 
           combatant commands.
Sec. 1626. Framework on governance, mission management, resourcing, and 
           effective oversight of combat support agencies that are also 
           elements of the intelligence community.

                 Subtitle C--Cyberspace-Related Matters

Sec. 1631. Reorganization and consolidation of certain cyber provisions.
Sec. 1632. Affirming the authority of the Secretary of Defense to 
           conduct military activities and operations in cyberspace.
Sec. 1633. Department of Defense Cyber Scholarship Program scholarships 
           and grants.
Sec. 1634. Amendments to pilot program regarding cyber vulnerabilities 
           of Department of Defense critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1635. Modification of acquisition authority of the Commander of the 
           United States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1636. Policy of the United States on cyberspace, cybersecurity, 
           cyber warfare, and cyber deterrence.
Sec. 1637. Budget display for cyber vulnerability evaluations and 
           mitigation activities for major weapon systems of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1638. Determination of responsibility for the Department of Defense 
           Information Networks.
Sec. 1639. Procedures and reporting requirement on cybersecurity 
           breaches and loss of personally identifiable information and 
           controlled unclassified information.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1652]]

Sec. 1640. Program to establish cyber institutes at institutions of 
           higher learning.
Sec. 1641. Matters pertaining to the SharkSeer cybersecurity program.
Sec. 1642. Active defense against the Russian Federation, People's 
           Republic of China, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, and 
           Islamic Republic of Iran attacks in cyberspace.
Sec. 1643. Designation of official for matters relating to integrating 
           cybersecurity and industrial control systems within the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1644. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
           supply chain and universities on matters relating to 
           cybersecurity.
Sec. 1645. Email and Internet website security and authentication.
Sec. 1646. Security product integration framework.
Sec. 1647. Information security continuous monitoring and cybersecurity 
           scorecard.
Sec. 1648. Tier 1 exercise of support to civil authorities for a cyber 
           incident.
Sec. 1649. Pilot program on modeling and simulation in support of 
           military homeland defense operations in connection with cyber 
           attacks on critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1650. Pilot program authority to enhance cybersecurity and 
           resiliency of critical infrastructure.
Sec. 1651. Pilot program on regional cybersecurity training center for 
           the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1652. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1653. Study and report on reserve component cyber civil support 
           teams.
Sec. 1654. Identification of countries of concern regarding 
           cybersecurity.
Sec. 1655. Mitigation of risks to national security posed by providers 
           of information technology products and services who have 
           obligations to foreign governments.
Sec. 1656. Report on Cybersecurity Apprentice Program.
Sec. 1657. Report on enhancement of software security for critical 
           systems.

                       Subtitle D--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1661. Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and 
           the Nuclear Weapons Council.
Sec. 1662. Long-range standoff weapon requirements.
Sec. 1663. Acceleration of ground-based strategic deterrent program and 
           long-range standoff weapon program.
Sec. 1664. Procurement authority for certain parts of intercontinental 
           ballistic missile fuzes.
Sec. 1665. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
           missiles of the United States.
Sec. 1666. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for mobile 
           variant of ground-based strategic deterrent missile.
Sec. 1667. Exchange program for nuclear weapons program employees.
Sec. 1668. Plan to train officers in nuclear command, control, and 
           communications.
Sec. 1669. Independent study on options to increase Presidential 
           decision-time regarding nuclear weapons employment.
Sec. 1670. Extension of annual report on plan for the nuclear weapons 
           stockpile, nuclear weapons complex, nuclear weapons delivery 
           systems, and nuclear weapons command and control system.
Sec. 1671. Plan for alignment of acquisition of warhead life extension 
           programs and delivery vehicles for such warheads.
Sec. 1672. Annual report on development of long-range stand-off weapon.
Sec. 1673. Sense of Congress on nuclear posture of the United States.

                  Subtitle E--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1675. Development of persistent space-based sensor architecture.
Sec. 1676. Boost phase ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1677. Extension of requirement for reports on unfunded priorities 
           of Missile Defense Agency.
Sec. 1678. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
           information and systems.
Sec. 1679. Modification of requirement relating to transition of 
           ballistic missile defense programs to military departments.
Sec. 1680. Modification of requirement to develop a space-based 
           ballistic missile intercept layer.
Sec. 1681. Improvements to acquisition processes of Missile Defense 
           Agency.
Sec. 1682. Layered defense of the United States homeland.
Sec. 1683. Testing of redesigned kill vehicle prior to production and 
           ground-based midcourse defense acceleration options.
Sec. 1684. Requirements for ballistic missile defense capable ships.
Sec. 1685. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-3 IB 
           guided missiles.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1653]]

Sec. 1686. Limitation on availability of funds for Army lower tier air 
           and missile defense sensor.
Sec. 1687. Missile defense radar in Hawaii.
Sec. 1688. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
           cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
           production.
Sec. 1689. Acceleration of hypersonic missile defense program.
Sec. 1690. Report on ballistic missile defense.
Sec. 1691. Sense of Congress on allied partnerships for missile defense.
Sec. 1692. Sense of Congress on testing by Missile Defense Agency.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1695. Extension of Commission to Assess the Threat to the United 
           States from Electromagnetic Pulse Attacks and Similar Events.
Sec. 1696. Procurement of ammonium perchlorate and other chemicals for 
           use in solid rocket motors.
Sec. 1697. Budget exhibit on support provided to entities outside 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 1698. Conventional prompt global strike hypersonic capabilities.
Sec. 1699. Report regarding industrial base for large solid rocket 
           motors.

      TITLE XVII--REVIEW OF FOREIGN INVESTMENT AND EXPORT CONTROLS

    Subtitle A--Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States

Sec. 1701. Short title: Foreign Investment Risk Review Modernization Act 
           of 2018.
Sec. 1702. Findings; sense of Congress.
Sec. 1703. Definitions.
Sec. 1704. Acceptance of written notices.
Sec. 1705. Inclusion of partnership and side agreements in notice.
Sec. 1706. Declarations for certain covered transactions.
Sec. 1707. Stipulations regarding transactions.
Sec. 1708. Authority for unilateral initiation of reviews.
Sec. 1709. Timing for reviews and investigations.
Sec. 1710. Identification of non-notified and non-declared transactions.
Sec. 1711. Submission of certifications to Congress.
Sec. 1712. Analysis by Director of National Intelligence.
Sec. 1713. Information sharing.
Sec. 1714. Action by the President.
Sec. 1715. Judicial review.
Sec. 1716. Considerations for regulations.
Sec. 1717. Membership and staff of Committee.
Sec. 1718. Actions by the Committee to address national security risks.
Sec. 1719. Modification of annual report and other reporting 
           requirements.
Sec. 1720. Certification of notices and information.
Sec. 1721. Implementation plans.
Sec. 1722. Assessment of need for additional resources for Committee.
Sec. 1723. Funding.
Sec. 1724. Centralization of certain Committee functions.
Sec. 1725. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 1726. Briefing on information from transactions reviewed by 
           Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States relating 
           to foreign efforts to influence democratic institutions and 
           processes.
Sec. 1727. Effective date.
Sec. 1728. Severability.

                    Subtitle B--Export Control Reform

Sec. 1741. Short title.
Sec. 1742. Definitions.

            Part I--Authority and Administration of Controls

Sec. 1751. Short title.
Sec. 1752. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1753. Authority of the President.
Sec. 1754. Additional authorities.
Sec. 1755. Administration of export controls.
Sec. 1756. Licensing.
Sec. 1757. Compliance assistance.
Sec. 1758. Requirements to identify and control the export of emerging 
           and foundational technologies.
Sec. 1759. Review relating to countries subject to comprehensive United 
           States arms embargo.
Sec. 1760. Penalties.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1654]]

Sec. 1761. Enforcement.
Sec. 1762. Administrative procedure.
Sec. 1763. Review of interagency dispute resolution process.
Sec. 1764. Consultation with other agencies on commodity classification.
Sec. 1765. Annual report to Congress.
Sec. 1766. Repeal.
Sec. 1767. Effect on other Acts.
Sec. 1768. Transition provisions.

                    Part II--Anti-Boycott Act of 2018

Sec. 1771. Short title.
Sec. 1772. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1773. Foreign boycotts.
Sec. 1774. Enforcement.

                  Part III--Administrative Authorities

Sec. 1781. Under Secretary of Commerce for Industry and Security.

                        Subtitle C--Miscellaneous

Sec. 1791. Extension of authority.
Sec. 1792. Limitation on cancellation of designation of Secretary of the 
           Air Force as Department of Defense Executive Agent for a 
           certain Defense Production Act program.
Sec. 1793. Review of and report on certain defense technologies critical 
           to the United States maintaining superior military 
           capabilities.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
           specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
           projects.
Sec. 2105. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2016 
           project.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing.
Sec. 2203. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2204. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing.
Sec. 2303. Improvements to military family housing units.
Sec. 2304. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain phased project 
           authorized in fiscal years 2015, 2016, and 2017.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2017 project.
Sec. 2307. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2018 project.
Sec. 2308. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
           projects.
Sec. 2309. Additional authority to carry out project at Travis Air Force 
           Base, California, in fiscal year 2019.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized defense agencies construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized energy conservation projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, defense agencies.
Sec. 2404. Extension of authorizations of certain fiscal year 2015 
           projects.
Sec. 2405. Authorization of certain fiscal year 2018 project.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1655]]

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

 Subtitle A--Project Authorizations and Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
           and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
           acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 2611. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2016 project.
Sec. 2612. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
           2018 project.
Sec. 2613. Additional authority to carry out certain fiscal year 2019 
           project.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
           closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
           Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Additional authority to realign or close certain military 
           installations.
Sec. 2703. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
           closure (BRAC) round.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

  Subtitle A--Military Construction Program and Military Family Housing

Sec. 2801. Modification of contract authority for acquisition, 
           construction, or furnishing of test facilities and equipment.
Sec. 2802. Commercial construction standards for facilities on leased 
           property.
Sec. 2803. Congressional oversight of projects carried out pursuant to 
           laws other than Military Construction Authorization Acts.
Sec. 2804. Small business set-aside for contracts for architectural and 
           engineering services and construction design.
Sec. 2805. Updates and modifications to Department of Defense Form 1391, 
           Unified Facilities Criteria, and military installation master 
           plans.
Sec. 2806. Work in Process Curve charts and outlay tables for military 
           construction projects.
Sec. 2807. Extension of temporary, limited authority to use operation 
           and maintenance funds for construction projects in certain 
           areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2808. Authority to obtain architectural and engineering services 
           and construction design for defense laboratory modernization 
           program.
Sec. 2809. Repeal of limitation on certain Guam project.
Sec. 2810. Enhancing force protection and safety on military 
           installations.
Sec. 2811. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
           energy for new medical center in Germany.

         Subtitle B--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Force structure plans and infrastructure capabilities 
           necessary to support the force structure.
Sec. 2822. Exemption of Department of Defense off-site use and off-site 
           removal only non-mobile properties from certain excess 
           property disposal requirements.
Sec. 2823. Retrofitting existing windows in military family housing 
           units to be equipped with fall prevention devices.
Sec. 2824. Updating prohibition on use of certain assessment of public 
           schools on Department of Defense installations to supersede 
           funding of certain projects.
Sec. 2825. Study of feasibility of using 20-year intergovernmental 
           support agreements for installation-support services.
Sec. 2826. Representation of installation interests in negotiations and 
           proceedings with carriers and other public utilities.
Sec. 2827. Clarification to include National Guard installations in 
           Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration program.

                      Subtitle C--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2841. Land exchange, Air Force Plant 44, Tucson, Arizona.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1656]]

Sec. 2842. Authority for transfer of administrative jurisdiction over 
           certain lands, Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center 
           Twentynine Palms, California, and Marine Corps Air Station 
           Yuma, Arizona.
Sec. 2843. Environmental restoration and future conveyance of portion of 
           former Mare Island Firing Range, Vallejo, California.
Sec. 2844. Release of restrictions, University of California, San Diego.
Sec. 2845. Land exchange, Naval support activity, Washington Navy Yard, 
           District of Columbia.
Sec. 2846. Land conveyance, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida.
Sec. 2847. Public inventory of Guam land parcels for transfer to 
           Government of Guam.
Sec. 2848. Modification of conditions on land conveyance, Joliet Army 
           Ammunition Plant, Illinois.
Sec. 2849. Land conveyance, Naval Academy dairy farm, Gambrills, 
           Maryland.
Sec. 2850. Technical correction of description of Limestone Hills 
           Training Area Land Withdrawal and Reservation, Montana.
Sec. 2851. Land conveyance, Wasatch-Cache National Forest, Rich County, 
           Utah.
Sec. 2852. Commemoration of Freedman's Village.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 2861. Defense community infrastructure pilot program.
Sec. 2862. Strategic plan to improve capabilities of Department of 
           Defense training ranges and installations.
Sec. 2863. Restrictions on use of funds for development of public 
           infrastructure in Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands.
Sec. 2864. Study and report on inclusion of Coleman Bridge, York River, 
           Virginia, in Strategic Highway Network.
Sec. 2865. Defense access roads relating to closures due to sea level 
           fluctuation and flooding.
Sec. 2866. Authority to transfer funds for construction of Indian River 
           Bridge.
Sec. 2867. Plan to allow increased public access to the National Naval 
           Aviation Museum and Barrancas National Cemetery, Naval Air 
           Station Pensacola.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2904. Authorized defense agencies construction and land acquisition 
           projects.
Sec. 2905. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 2906. Restrictions on use of funds for planning and design costs of 
           European Deterrence Initiative projects.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

    Subtitle B--Program Authorizations, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 3111. Development of low-yield nuclear weapons.
Sec. 3112. Department of Energy counterintelligence polygraph program.
Sec. 3113. Inclusion of capital assets acquisition projects in 
           activities by Director for Cost Estimating and Program 
           Evaluation.
Sec. 3114. Modification of authority for acceptance of contributions for 
           acceleration of removal or security of fissile materials, 
           radiological materials, and related equipment at vulnerable 
           sites worldwide.
Sec. 3115. Notification regarding air release of radioactive or 
           hazardous material at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.
Sec. 3116. Amendments to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
Sec. 3117. Extension of enhanced procurement authority to manage supply 
           chain risk.
Sec. 3118. Hanford waste tank cleanup program.
Sec. 3119. Use of funds for construction and project support activities 
           relating to MOX facility.
Sec. 3120. Plutonium pit production.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1657]]

Sec. 3121. Pilot program on conduct by Department of Energy of 
           background reviews for access by certain individuals to 
           national security laboratories.
Sec. 3122. Prohibition on availability of funds for programs in Russian 
           Federation.
Sec. 3123. Prohibition on availability of funds for research and 
           development of advanced naval nuclear fuel system based on 
           low-enriched uranium.
Sec. 3124. Limitation on availability of funds relating to submission of 
           annual reports on unfunded priorities.

                      Subtitle C--Plans and Reports

Sec. 3131. Modifications to cost-benefit analyses for competition of 
           management and operating contracts.
Sec. 3132. Nuclear forensics analyses.
Sec. 3133. Review of defense environmental cleanup activities.
Sec. 3134. Whistleblower protections.
Sec. 3135. Implementation of Nuclear Posture Review by National Nuclear 
           Security Administration.
Sec. 3136. Survey of workforce of national security laboratories and 
           nuclear weapons production facilities.
Sec. 3137. Elimination of certain reports.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 3141. Acceleration of replacement of cesium blood irradiation 
           sources.
Sec. 3142. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
           relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Compliance by Ready Reserve Fleet vessels with SOLAS 
           lifeboats and fire suppression requirements.
Sec. 3503. Maritime Administration National Security Multi-Mission 
           Vessel Program.
Sec. 3504. Permanent authority of Secretary of Transportation to issue 
           vessel war risk insurance.
Sec. 3505. Use of State maritime academy training vessels.
Sec. 3506. Concurrent jurisdiction.
Sec. 3507. United States Merchant Marine Academy policy on sexual 
           harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual 
           assault, and stalking.
Sec. 3508. Report on implementation of recommendations for the United 
           States Merchant Marine Academy Sexual Assault Prevention and 
           Response Program.
Sec. 3509. Report on the application of the Uniform Code of Military 
           Justice to the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3510. Electronic records on mariner availability to meet national 
           security needs.
Sec. 3511. Small shipyard grants.
Sec. 3512. Sea year on contracted vessels.
Sec. 3513. GAO report on national maritime strategy.
Sec. 3514. Multi-year contracts.
Sec. 3515. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 3516. Department of Transportation Inspector General report on 
           Title XI program.

                         Subtitle B--Coast Guard

Sec. 3521. Alignment with Department of Defense and sea services 
           authorities.
Sec. 3522. Preliminary development and demonstration.
Sec. 3523. Contract termination.
Sec. 3524. Reimbursement for travel expenses.
Sec. 3525. Capital investment plan.
Sec. 3526. Major acquisition program risk assessment.
Sec. 3527. Marine safety implementation status.
Sec. 3528. Retirement of Vice Commandant.
Sec. 3529. Large recreational vessel regulations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1658]]

       Subtitle C--Coast Guard and Shipping Technical Corrections

                         Chapter 1--Coast Guard

Sec. 3531. Commandant defined.
Sec. 3532. Training course on workings of Congress.
Sec. 3533. Miscellaneous.
Sec. 3534. Department of Defense consultation.
Sec. 3535. Repeal.
Sec. 3536. Mission need statement.
Sec. 3537. Continuation on active duty.
Sec. 3538. System acquisition authorization.
Sec. 3539. Inventory of real property.

                   Chapter 2--Maritime Transportation

Sec. 3541. Definitions.
Sec. 3542. Authority to exempt vessels.
Sec. 3543. Passenger vessels.
Sec. 3544. Tank vessels.
Sec. 3545. Grounds for denial or revocation.
Sec. 3546. Miscellaneous corrections to title 46, U.S.C.
Sec. 3547. Miscellaneous corrections to Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 3548. Miscellaneous corrections.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
           contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
           operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of Energy national security programs.

SEC. 3. <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 note.>>  CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE 
                    COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 10, United States 
Code.
SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purposes of complying 
with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by 
reference to the latest statement titled ``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO 
Legislation'' for this Act, jointly submitted for printing in the 
Congressional Record by the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget 
Committees, provided that such statement has been

[[Page 132 STAT. 1659]]

submitted prior to the vote on passage in the House acting first on the 
conference report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. National Guard and reserve component equipment report.
Sec. 112. Deployment by the Army of an interim cruise missile defense 
           capability.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Procurement authority for Ford class aircraft carrier program.
Sec. 122. Full ship shock trial for Ford class aircraft carrier.
Sec. 123. Sense of Congress on accelerated production of aircraft 
           carriers.
Sec. 124. Multiyear procurement authority for standard missile-6.
Sec. 125. Multiyear procurement authority for E-2D aircraft.
Sec. 126. Multiyear procurement authority for F/A-18E/F aircraft and EA-
           18G aircraft.
Sec. 127. Modifications to F/A-18 aircraft to mitigate physiological 
           episodes.
Sec. 128. Frigate class ship program.
Sec. 129. Contract requirement for Virginia class submarine program.
Sec. 130. Prohibition on availability of funds for Navy port waterborne 
           security barriers.
Sec. 131. Extension of limitation on use of sole-source shipbuilding 
           contracts for certain vessels.
Sec. 132. Limitation on availability of funds for M27 Infantry Automatic 
           Rifle program.
Sec. 133. Report on degaussing standards for DDG-51 destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 141. Inventory requirement for air refueling tanker aircraft; 
           limitation on retirement of KC-10A aircraft.
Sec. 142. Multiyear procurement authority for C-130J aircraft program.
Sec. 143. Contract for logistics support for VC-25B aircraft.
Sec. 144. Retirement date for VC-25A aircraft.
Sec. 145. Repeal of funding restriction for EC-130H Compass Call 
           Recapitalization Program.
Sec. 146. Limitation on use of funds for KC-46A aircraft pending 
           submittal of certification.
Sec. 147. Limitation on availability of funds for retirement of E-8 
           JSTARS Aircraft.
Sec. 148. Report on modernization of B-52H aircraft systems.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Procurement authority for additional icebreaker vessels.
Sec. 152. Buy-to-budget acquisition of F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 153. Certification on inclusion of technology to minimize 
           physiological episodes in certain aircraft.
Sec. 154. Armored commercial passenger-carrying vehicles.
Sec. 155. Quarterly updates on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program.

               Subtitle A--Authorization Of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 
for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine Corps, the Air 
Force, and Defense-wide activities, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4101.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1660]]

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE COMPONENT EQUIPMENT REPORT.

    (a) In General.--Section 10541(b) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(10) A joint assessment by the Chief of Staff of the Army 
        and the Chief of the National Guard Bureau on the efforts of the 
        Army to achieve parity among the active component, the Army 
        Reserve, and the Army National Guard with respect to equipment 
        and capabilities. Each assessment shall include a comparison of 
        the inventory of high priority items of equipment available to 
        each component of the Army described in preceding sentence, 
        including--
                    ``(A) AH-64 Attack Helicopters;
                    ``(B) UH-60 Black Hawk Utility Helicopters;
                    ``(C) Abrams Main Battle Tanks;
                    ``(D) Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicles;
                    ``(E) Stryker Combat Vehicles; and
                    ``(F) any other items of equipment identified as 
                high priority by the Chief of Staff of the Army or the 
                Chief of the National Guard Bureau.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 10541 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendment 
made by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to reports required to 
be submitted under section 10541 of title 10, United States Code, after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 112. DEPLOYMENT BY THE ARMY OF AN INTERIM CRUISE MISSILE 
                        DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

    (a) Certification Required.--Not later than 30 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall certify to 
the congressional defense committees whether there is a need for the 
Army to deploy an interim missile defense capability.
    (b) Deployment.--
            (1) In general.--If the Secretary of Defense certifies that 
        there is a need for the Army to deploy an interim missile 
        defense capability under subsection (a), the Secretary of the 
        Army shall deploy the capability as follows:
                    (A) Two batteries of the capability shall be 
                deployed by not later than September 30, 2020.
                    (B) Two additional batteries of the capability shall 
                be deployed by not later than September 30, 2023.
            (2) Achievement of deployment deadlines.--In order to meet 
        the deadlines for deployment specified in paragraph (1) the 
        Secretary of the Army may--
                    (A) deploy systems that require the least amount of 
                development;
                    (B) procure non-developmental air and missile 
                defense systems currently in production to ensure rapid 
                delivery of capability;
                    (C) use existing systems, components, and 
                capabilities already in the Joint Force inventory, 
                including rockets and missiles as available;
                    (D) use operational information technology for 
                communication, detection, and fire control that is 
                certified to work

[[Page 132 STAT. 1661]]

                with existing joint information technology systems to 
                ensure interoperability;
                    (E) engage and collaborate with officials, 
                organizations, and activities of the Department of 
                Defense with responsibilities relating to science and 
                technology, engineering, testing, and acquisition, 
                including the Defense Innovation United Experimental, 
                the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, the 
                Defense Digital Service, the Strategic Capabilities 
                Office, and the Rapid Capabilities offices, to 
                accelerate the development, testing, and deployment of 
                existing systems;
                    (F) use institutional and operational basing to 
                facilitate rapid training and fielding;
                    (G) consider a range of direct energy weapon systems 
                to compete for the 2023 deployment specified in 
                paragraph (1)(B); and
                    (H) carry out such other activities as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate.
            (3) Authorities.--In carrying out paragraphs (1) and (2), 
        Secretary of the Army may use any authority of the Secretary 
        relating to acquisition, technology transfer, and personnel 
        management that the Secretary considers appropriate, including 
        rapid acquisition and rapid prototyping authorities, to resource 
        and procure an interim missile defense capability.
            (4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive the 
        deadlines for deployment specified in paragraph (1) if the 
        Secretary determines that sufficient funds have not been 
        appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet such deadlines.

    (c) In General.--If the Secretary of the Army will deploy an interim 
missile defense capability pursuant to subsection (b), then, by not 
later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary, in consultation with the Chief 
of Staff of the Army, shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing that 
includes--
            (1) recommendations identifying any interim missile defense 
        capabilities to be deployed and a proposed rapid acquisition 
        schedule for such capabilities;
            (2) a plan to rapidly resource any identified shortfalls for 
        any such capability selected for deployment; and
            (3) a schedule and timeline for the fielding and deployment 
        of any such capability.

    (d) Interim Missile Defense Capability Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``interim missile defense capability'' means a fixed-site, 
cruise missile defense capability that may be deployed before the 
Indirect Fire Protection Capability of the Army becomes fully 
operational.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Contract Authority.--
            (1) Procurement authorized.--The Secretary of the Navy may 
        enter into one or more contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
        2019 program year, for the procurement of one Ford class 
        aircraft carrier to be designated CVN-81.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1662]]

            (2) Procurement in conjunction with cvn-80.--The aircraft 
        carrier authorized to be procured under paragraph (1) may be 
        procured as an addition to the contract covering the Ford class 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-80 that is authorized to be 
        constructed under section 121 of the John Warner National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-
        364; 120 Stat. 2104).

    (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered into 
under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of Defense certifies to the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 30 days 
before entry into the contract, each of the following, which shall be 
prepared by the milestone decision authority for the Ford class aircraft 
carrier program:
            (1) The use of such a contract will result in significant 
        savings compared to the total anticipated costs of carrying out 
        the program through annual contracts. In certifying cost savings 
        under the preceding sentence, the Secretary shall include a 
        written explanation of--
                    (A) the estimated obligations and expenditures by 
                fiscal year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, without the 
                authority provided in subsection (a);
                    (B) the estimated obligations and expenditures by 
                fiscal year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, with the 
                authority provided in subsection (a);
                    (C) the estimated cost savings or increase by fiscal 
                year for CVN-80 and CVN-81, by hull, with the authority 
                provided in subsection (a);
                    (D) the discrete actions that will accomplish such 
                cost savings or avoidance; and
                    (E) the contractual actions that will ensure the 
                estimated cost savings are realized.
            (2) There is a reasonable expectation that throughout the 
        contemplated contract period the Secretary of Defense will 
        request funding for the contract at the level required to avoid 
        contract cancellation.
            (3) There is a stable design for the property to be acquired 
        and that the technical risks associated with such property are 
        not excessive.
            (4) The estimates of both the cost of the contract and the 
        anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a contract 
        authorized under subsection (a) are realistic.
            (5) The use of such a contract will promote the national 
        security of the United States.
            (6) During the fiscal year in which such contract is to be 
        awarded, sufficient funds will be available to perform the 
        contract in such fiscal year, and the future-years defense 
        program (as defined under section 221 of title 10, United States 
        Code) for such fiscal year will include the funding required to 
        execute the program without cancellation.
            (7) The contract will be a fixed price type contract.

    (c) Use of Incremental Funding.--With respect to a contract entered 
into under subsection (a), the Secretary of the Navy may use incremental 
funding to make payments under the contract. No such payments may be 
obligated after the date that is 11 months after the date on which the 
fitting out of the aircraft carrier associated with the contract is 
completed.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1663]]

    (d) Liability.--A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall 
provide that the total liability to the Government for termination of 
the contract entered into shall be limited to the total amount of 
funding obligated at the time of termination.
    (e) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year is 
subject to the availability of appropriations for that purpose for such 
fiscal year.
    (f) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section, the term 
``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given that term in 
section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 122. FULL SHIP SHOCK TRIAL FOR FORD CLASS AIRCRAFT CARRIER.

    The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that full ship shock trials 
results are incorporated into the construction of the Ford class 
aircraft carrier designated CVN-81.
SEC. 123. SENSE OF CONGRESS ON ACCELERATED PRODUCTION OF AIRCRAFT 
                        CARRIERS.

    It is the sense of Congress that the United States should accelerate 
the production of aircraft carriers to rapidly achieve the Navy's goal 
of having 12 operational aircraft carriers.
SEC. 124. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR STANDARD MISSILE-6.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of up to 625 standard missile-6 
missiles at a rate of not more than 125 missiles per year during the 
covered period.
    (b) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order Quantity.--
The Secretary may enter into one or more contracts for advance 
procurement associated with the missiles (including economic order 
quantity) for which authorization to enter into a multiyear procurement 
contract is provided under subsection (a).
    (c) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (d) Covered Period Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
period'' means the 5-year period beginning with the fiscal year 2019 
program year and ending with the fiscal year 2023 program year.
SEC. 125. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR E-2D AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of up to 24 E-2D aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1664]]

    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
SEC. 126. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR F/A-18E/F AIRCRAFT 
                        AND EA-18G AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Navy may enter 
into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal year 
2019 program year, for the procurement of the following:
            (1) F/A-18E/F aircraft.
            (2) EA-18G aircraft.

    (b) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
or funds for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order Quantity.--
The Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more contracts, 
beginning in fiscal year 2019, for advance procurement associated with 
the aircraft for which authorization to enter into a multiyear 
procurement contract is provided under subsection (a), which may include 
one or more contracts for the procurement of economic order quantities 
of material and equipment for such aircraft.
SEC. 127. MODIFICATIONS TO F/A-18 AIRCRAFT TO MITIGATE 
                        PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES.

    (a) Modifications Required.--The Secretary of the Navy shall modify 
the F/A-18 aircraft to reduce the occurrence of, and mitigate the risk 
posed by, physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of the aircraft. 
The modifications shall include, at minimum--
            (1) replacement of the F/A-18 cockpit altimeter;
            (2) upgrade of the F/A-18 onboard oxygen generation system;
            (3) redesign of the F/A-18 aircraft life support systems 
        required to meet onboard oxygen generation system input 
        specifications; and
            (4) installation of equipment associated with improved F/A-
        18 physiological monitoring and alert systems.

    (b) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, and annually 
thereafter through February 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a written update on the 
status of all modifications to the F/A-18 aircraft carried out by the 
Secretary pursuant to subsection (a).
    (c) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the requirement to 
make a modification under subsection (a) if the Secretary certifies to 
the congressional defense committees that the specific modification is 
inadvisable and provides a detailed justification for excluding the 
modification from the Navy's planned upgrades for the F/A-18 aircraft.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1665]]

SEC. 128. FRIGATE CLASS SHIP PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--As part of the solicitation for proposals for the 
procurement of any frigate class ship in any of fiscal years 2019, 2020, 
or 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall require that offerors submit 
proposals under which the offeror agrees to convey technical data to the 
Federal Government in the event the offeror is awarded the frigate 
construction contract associated with the proposal.
    (b) Technical Data Defined.--In this section, the term ``technical 
data'' means a compilation of detailed engineering plans and 
specifications for the construction of a frigate class ship.
SEC. 129. CONTRACT REQUIREMENT FOR VIRGINIA CLASS SUBMARINE 
                        PROGRAM.

    Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) <<NOTE: 131 Stat. 1311.>>  is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) through (f) as 
        subsections (e) through (g), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c), the following:

    ``(d) Contract Requirement.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure 
        that a contract entered into under subsection (a) includes an 
        option to procure a Virginia class submarine in each of fiscal 
        years 2022 and 2023.
            ``(2) Option defined.--In this subsection, the term `option' 
        has the meaning given that term in part 2.101 of the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation.''.
SEC. 130. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY PORT 
                        WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    (a) Prohibition.--Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), 
none of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise 
made available for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2019 may be 
obligated or expended to procure legacy waterborne security barriers for 
Navy ports.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the prohibition in 
subsection (a) not less than 30 days after submitting to the 
congressional defense committees--
            (1) a Navy requirements document that specifies key 
        performance parameters and key system attributes for new 
        waterborne security barriers for Navy ports;
            (2) a certification that the level of capability specified 
        under paragraph (1) will meet or exceed that of legacy 
        waterborne security barriers for Navy ports;
            (3) the acquisition strategy for the recapitalization of 
        legacy waterborne security barriers for Navy ports, which shall 
        meet or exceed the requirements specified under paragraph (1); 
        and
            (4) a certification that any contract for new waterborne 
        security barriers for a Navy port will be awarded in accordance 
        with the requirements for full and open competition set forth in 
        section 2304 of title 10, United States Code.

    (c) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
any of the following activities:
            (1) The sustainment, refurbishment, and replacement of 
        portions of existing waterborne security barriers at Navy ports 
        due to normal wear and tear.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1666]]

            (2) The procurement of new waterborne security barriers for 
        Navy ports due to exigent circumstances.
SEC. 131. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON USE OF SOLE-SOURCE 
                        SHIPBUILDING CONTRACTS FOR CERTAIN 
                        VESSELS.

    Section 124 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328), as amended by section 127 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
91), <<NOTE: 131 Stat. 1313.>>  is further amended by striking ``or 
fiscal year 2018'' and inserting ``, fiscal year 2018, or fiscal year 
2019''.
SEC. 132. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR M27 INFANTRY 
                        AUTOMATIC RIFLE PROGRAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the M27 
Infantry Automatic Rifle program of the Marine Corps, not more than 80 
percent may be obligated or expended until the date on which the 
Commandant of the Marine Corps submits to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives the assessment 
described in subsection (b).
    (b) Assessment.--The assessment described in this subsection is a 
written summary of the views of the Marine Corps with respect to the 
Small Arms Ammunition Configuration Study of the Army, including--
            (1) an explanation of how the study informs the future small 
        arms modernization requirements of the Marine Corps; and
            (2) near-term and long-term modernization strategies for the 
        small arms weapon systems of the Marine Corps, including 
        associated funding and schedule profiles.
SEC. 133. REPORT ON DEGAUSSING STANDARDS FOR DDG-51 DESTROYERS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on degaussing standards for the DDG-51 destroyer.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) a detailed description of the current degaussing 
        standards for the DDG-51 destroyer;
            (2) a plan for incorporating such standards into the 
        destroyer construction program; and
            (3) an assessment of the requirement to backfit such 
        standards to in-service destroyers.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 141. INVENTORY REQUIREMENT FOR AIR REFUELING TANKER AIRCRAFT; 
                        LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF KC-10A 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Inventory Requirement.--Section 8062 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(j)(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), effective October 1, 
2019, the Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a total

[[Page 132 STAT. 1667]]

aircraft inventory of air refueling tanker aircraft of not less than 479 
aircraft.
    ``(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce the number of air 
refueling tanker aircraft in the total aircraft inventory of the Air 
Force below 479 only if--
            ``(A) the Secretary certifies to the congressional defense 
        committees that such reduction is justified by the results of 
        the mobility capability and requirements study conducted under 
        section 144(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91); and
            ``(B) a period of 30 days has elapsed following the date on 
        which the certification is made to the congressional defense 
        committees under subparagraph (A).

    ``(3) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `air refueling tanker aircraft' means an 
        aircraft that has as its primary mission the refueling of other 
        aircraft.
            ``(B) The term `total aircraft inventory' means aircraft 
        authorized to a flying unit for operations or training.''.

    (b) Limitation on Retirement of KC-10A.--
            (1) In general.--None of the funds authorized to be 
        appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for any 
        fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or expended to 
        retire, or to prepare to retire, any KC-10A aircraft until the 
        date that is 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of 
        the Air Force certifies to the congressional defense committees 
        that Secretary has met the minimum inventory requirement under 
        section 8062(j) of title 10, United States Code, as added by 
        subsection (a) of this section.
            (2) Exception for certain aircraft.--The requirement of 
        paragraph (1) does not apply to individual KC-10A aircraft that 
        the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case 
        basis, to be non-operational because of mishaps, other damage, 
        or being uneconomical to repair.
SEC. 142. MULTIYEAR PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR C-130J AIRCRAFT 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Authority for Multiyear Procurement.--Subject to section 2306b 
of title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force may 
enter into one or more multiyear contracts, beginning with the fiscal 
year 2019 program year, for the procurement of--
            (1) C-130J aircraft for the Air Force; and
            (2) C-130J aircraft for the Navy and the Marine Corps 
        pursuant to the agreement described in subsection (b).

    (b) Agreement Described.--The agreement described in this subsection 
is the agreement between the Secretary of the Navy and the Secretary of 
the Air Force under which the Secretary of the Air Force acts as the 
executive agent for the Department of the Navy for purposes of procuring 
C-130J aircraft for such Department.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement and Economic Order Quantity.--
The Secretary of the Air Force may enter into one or more contracts for 
advance procurement associated with the C-130J aircraft, including 
economic order quantity, for which authorization to enter into a 
multiyear procurement contract is provided under subsection (a).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1668]]

    (d) Condition for Out-Year Contract Payments.--A contract entered 
into under subsection (a) shall provide that any obligation of the 
United States to make a payment under the contract for a fiscal year 
after fiscal year 2019 is subject to the availability of appropriations 
for that purpose for such later fiscal year.
    (e) Treatment of Fiscal Year 2018 Aircraft.--The multiyear contract 
authority under subsection (a) includes C-130J aircraft for which funds 
were appropriated for fiscal year 2018.
SEC. 143. CONTRACT FOR LOGISTICS SUPPORT FOR VC-25B AIRCRAFT.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall--
            (1) ensure that the total period of any contract awarded for 
        logistics support for the VC-25B aircraft does not exceed five 
        years, as required under part 17.204(e) of the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation, unless otherwise approved in accordance 
        with established procedures; and
            (2) comply with section 2304 of title 10, United States 
        Code, regarding full and open competition through the use of 
        competitive procedures for the award of any logistics support 
        contract following the initial five-year contract period.
SEC. 144. RETIREMENT DATE FOR VC-25A AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--For purposes of the application of section 2244a of 
title 10, United States Code, the retirement date of the covered 
aircraft is deemed to be not later than December 31, 2025.
    (b) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means the two VC-25A aircraft of the Air Force that are in 
service as of the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 145. REPEAL OF FUNDING RESTRICTION FOR EC-130H COMPASS CALL 
                        RECAPITALIZATION PROGRAM.

    Section 131 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2037) is repealed.
SEC. 146. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR KC-46A AIRCRAFT PENDING 
                        SUBMITTAL OF CERTIFICATION.

    (a) Certification Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees certification that, as of 
the date of the certification--
            (1) the supplemental type certification and the military 
        type certification for the KC-46A aircraft have been approved; 
        and
            (2) the Air Force has accepted the delivery of the first KC-
        46A aircraft.

    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--
            (1) Limitation.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
        Act, none of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
        otherwise made available by this Act for fiscal year 2019 for 
        Aircraft Procurement, Air Force, may be obligated or expended to 
        procure the covered aircraft until the Secretary of the Air 
        Force submits the certification required under subsection (a).
            (2) Covered aircraft defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        ``covered aircraft'' means three of the KC-46A aircraft 
        authorized to be procured by this Act.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1669]]

SEC. 147. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR RETIREMENT OF E-
                        8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation on Availability of Funds for Retirement.--Except as 
provided in subsection (b), none of the funds authorized to be 
appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 
2019 or any subsequent fiscal year for the Air Force may be obligated or 
expended to retire, or prepare to retire, any E-8 Joint Surveillance 
Target Attack Radar System aircraft until the date on which the 
Secretary of the Defense certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System of 
the Air Force has declared initial operational capability as defined in 
the Capability Development Document for the System.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not apply to 
individual E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System aircraft 
that the Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, 
to be no longer mission capable because of mishaps, other damage, or 
being uneconomical to repair.
    (c) Certification Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
Secretary of Defense, on a nondelegable basis, shall certify to the 
congressional defense committees that--
            (1) the Secretary of the Air Force is taking all reasonable 
        steps to ensure the legacy E-8C Joint Surveillance Target Radar 
        System aircraft that the Air Force continues to operate meet all 
        safety requirements;
            (2) the Secretary of the Air Force has developed and 
        implemented a funding strategy to increase the operational and 
        maintenance availability of the legacy E-8C Joint Surveillance 
        Target Radar System aircraft that the Air Force continues to 
        operate;
            (3) the Advanced Battle-Management System Increment 1, 2, 
        and 3 acquisition and fielding strategy is executable and that 
        sufficient funds will be available to achieve all elements of 
        the System as described in the Capability Development Document 
        for the System; and
            (4) in coordination with each separate geographic combatant 
        commander, that the Secretary of the Air Force is implementing 
        defined and measurable actions to meet the operational planning 
        and steady-state force presentation requirements for Ground-
        Moving Target Indicator intelligence and Battle-Management, 
        Command and Control towards a moderate level of risk until 
        Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management System declares 
        initial operational capability.

    (d) GAO Report and Briefing.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on Increment I, 
        Increment 2, and Increment 3 of the 21st Century Advanced Battle 
        Management System of Systems capability of the Air Force. The 
        report shall include a review of--
                    (A) the technologies that compose the capability and 
                the level of maturation of such technologies;
                    (B) the resources budgeted for the capability;
                    (C) the fielding plan for the capability;
                    (D) any risk assessments associated with the 
                capability; and
                    (E) the overall acquisition strategy for the 
                capability.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1670]]

            (2) Interim briefing.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the 
        Comptroller General of the United States shall provide to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the House of Representatives and 
        the Senate a briefing on the topics to be covered by the report 
        under paragraph (1), including any preliminary data and any 
        issues or concerns of the Comptroller General relating to the 
        report.

    (e) Air Force Report.--Not later than February 5, 2019, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the legacy fleet of E-8C Joint Surveillance 
Target Attack Radar System aircraft that includes--
            (1) the modernization and sustainment strategy, and 
        associated costs, for the airframe and mission systems that will 
        be used to maintain the legacy fleet of such aircraft until the 
        planned retirement of the aircraft; and
            (2) a plan that will provide combatant commanders with an 
        increased level of E-8C force support.

    (f) E-8C Force Presentation Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2020, 
        and until the retirement of the E-8C aircraft fleet, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall provide not fewer than 6 
        dedicated E-8C aircraft each fiscal year for allocation to the 
        geographical combatant commanders through the Intelligence, 
        Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Global Force Management 
        Allocation Process.
            (2) Exception.--If the Secretary of the Air Force is unable 
        to meet the requirements of paragraph (1), the Secretary of 
        Defense, on a nondelegable basis, may waive the requirements for 
        a fiscal year and shall provide to the congressional defense 
        committees a notice of waiver issuance and justification.

    (g) Air Force Briefing Requirement.--Beginning not later than 
October 1, 2018, and on a quarterly basis thereafter, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall provide to the congressional defense committees a 
program update briefing on the Advanced Battle-Management System of the 
Air Force, and all associated technologies.
SEC. 148. REPORT ON MODERNIZATION OF B-52H AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report on the long term 
modernization of the B-52H aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) an estimated timeline for the modernization of the B-52H 
        aircraft; and
            (2) modernization requirements with respect to the 
        integrated systems of the aircraft, including--
                    (A) electronic warfare and defensive systems;
                    (B) communications, including secure jam resistant 
                capability;
                    (C) radar replacement;
                    (D) engine replacement;
                    (E) future weapons and targeting capability; and
                    (F) mission planning systems.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1671]]

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 151. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITY FOR ADDITIONAL ICEBREAKER VESSELS.

    (a) Procurement Authority.--
            (1) In general.--In addition to the icebreaker vessel 
        authorized to be procured under section 122(a) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
        91), the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is 
        operating may enter into one or more contracts for the 
        procurement of up to five additional polar-class icebreaker 
        vessels.
            (2) Condition for out-year contract payments.--A contract 
        entered into under paragraph (1) shall provide that any 
        obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
        contract for a fiscal year after fiscal year 2019 is subject to 
        the availability of appropriations or funds for that purpose for 
        such later fiscal year.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that the Coast 
Guard should maintain an inventory of not fewer than six polar-class 
icebreaker vessels beginning not later than fiscal year 2029 and, to 
achieve such inventory, should--
            (1) award a contract for the first new polar-class 
        icebreaker not later than fiscal year 2019;
            (2) deliver the first new polar-class icebreaker not later 
        than fiscal year 2023;
            (3) start construction on the second through sixth new 
        polar-class icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in 
        fiscal years 2022 through 2026; and
            (4) accept delivery of the second through sixth new polar-
        class icebreakers at a rate of one vessel per year in fiscal 
        years 2025 through 2029.
SEC. 152. BUY-TO-BUDGET ACQUISITION OF F-35 AIRCRAFT.

    Subject to section 2308 of title 10, United States Code, using funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act for the procurement of F-35 
aircraft, the Secretary of Defense may procure a quantity of F-35 
aircraft in excess of the quantity authorized by this Act if such 
additional procurement does not require additional funds to be 
authorized to be appropriated because of production efficiencies or 
other cost reductions.
SEC. 153. CERTIFICATION ON INCLUSION OF TECHNOLOGY TO MINIMIZE 
                        PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES IN CERTAIN 
                        AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Certification Required.--Not later than 15 days before entering 
into a contract for the procurement of a covered aircraft, the Secretary 
concerned shall submit to the congressional defense committees a written 
statement certifying that the aircraft to be procured under the contract 
will include the most recent technological advancements necessary to 
minimize the impact of physiological episodes on aircraft crewmembers.
    (b) Waiver.--The Secretary concerned may waive the requirement of 
subsection (a) if the Secretary--
            (1) determines the waiver is required in the interest of 
        national security; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1672]]

            (2) not later than 15 days before entering into a contract 
        for the procurement of a covered aircraft, notifies the 
        congressional defense committees of the rationale for the 
        waiver.

    (c) Termination.--The requirement to submit a certification under 
subsection (a) shall terminate on September 30, 2021.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means a fighter aircraft, 
        an attack aircraft, or a fixed wing trainer aircraft.
            (2) The term ``Secretary concerned'' means--
                    (A) the Secretary of the Navy, with respect to 
                covered aircraft of Navy; and
                    (B) the Secretary of the Air Force, with respect to 
                covered aircraft of the Air Force.
SEC. 154. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  ARMORED COMMERCIAL 
                        PASSENGER-CARRYING VEHICLES.

    (a) Implementation of GAO Recommendations.--In accordance with the 
recommendations of the Government Accountability Office in the report 
titled ``Armored Commercial Vehicles: DOD Has Procurement Guidance, but 
Army Could Take Actions to Enhance Inspections and Oversight'' (GAO-17-
513), not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Army shall--
            (1) ensure that in-progress inspections are conducted at the 
        armoring vendor's facility for each procurement of an armored 
        commercial passenger-carrying vehicles until the date on which 
        the Secretary of Defense approves and implements an updated 
        armoring and inspection standard for such vehicles; and
            (2) designate a central point of contact for collecting and 
        reporting information on armored commercial passenger-carrying 
        vehicles (such as information on contracts execution and vehicle 
        inspections).

    (b) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the 
Secretary in implementing Department of Defense Instruction O-2000.16 
Volume 1, dated November 2016, with respect to armored commercial 
passenger-carrying vehicles, including--
            (1) whether criteria for the procurement of such vehicles 
        have been established and distributed to the relevant components 
        of the Department; and
            (2) whether a process is in place for ensuring that the 
        relevant components of the Department incorporate those criteria 
        into contracts for such vehicles.
SEC. 155. QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Beginning not later than October 1, 2018, and on a 
quarterly basis thereafter through October 1, 2022, the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress of the F-35 
Joint Strike Fighter program.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall include, 
with respect to the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program, the following 
elements:
            (1) An overview of the program schedule.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1673]]

            (2) A description of each contract awarded under the 
        program, including a description of the type of contract and the 
        status of the contract.
            (3) An assessment of the status of the program with respect 
        to--
                    (A) modernization;
                    (B) modification;
                    (C) testing;
                    (D) delivery;
                    (E) sustainment;
                    (F) program management; and
                    (G) efforts to ensure that excessive sustainment 
                costs do not threaten the ability of the Department of 
                Defense to purchase the required number of aircraft.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of authority to carry out certain prototype 
           projects.
Sec. 212. Extension of directed energy prototype authority.
Sec. 213. Prohibition on availability of funds for the Weather Common 
           Component program.
Sec. 214. Limitation on availability of funds for F-35 continuous 
           capability development and delivery.
Sec. 215. Limitation on availability of funds pending report on agile 
           software development and software operations.
Sec. 216. Limitation on availability of funds for certain high energy 
           laser advanced technology.
Sec. 217. Plan for the Strategic Capabilities Office of the Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 218. National Defense Science and Technology Strategy.
Sec. 219. Modification of CVN-73 to support fielding of MQ-25 unmanned 
           aerial vehicle.
Sec. 220. Establishment of innovators information repository in the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 221. Strategic plan for Department of Defense test and evaluation 
           resources.
Sec. 222. Collaboration between Defense laboratories, industry, and 
           academia; open campus program.
Sec. 223. Permanent extension and codification of authority to conduct 
           technology protection features activities during research and 
           development of defense systems.
Sec. 224. Codification and reauthorization of Defense Research and 
           Development Rapid Innovation Program.
Sec. 225. Procedures for rapid reaction to emerging technology.
Sec. 226. Activities on identification and development of enhanced 
           personal protective equipment against blast injury.
Sec. 227. Human factors modeling and simulation activities.
Sec. 228. Expansion of mission areas supported by mechanisms for 
           expedited access to technical talent and expertise at 
           academic institutions.
Sec. 229. Advanced manufacturing activities.
Sec. 230. National security innovation activities.
Sec. 231. Partnership intermediaries for promotion of defense research 
           and education.
Sec. 232. Limitation on use of funds for Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
           System.
Sec. 233. Expansion of coordination requirement for support for national 
           security innovation and entrepreneurial education.
Sec. 234. Defense quantum information science and technology research 
           and development program.
Sec. 235. Joint directed energy test activities.
Sec. 236. Requirement for establishment of arrangements for expedited 
           access to technical talent and expertise at academic 
           institutions to support Department of Defense missions.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1674]]

Sec. 237. Authority for Joint Directed Energy Transition Office to 
           conduct research relating to high powered microwave 
           capabilities.
Sec. 238. Joint artificial intelligence research, development, and 
           transition activities.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 241. Report on survivability of air defense artillery.
Sec. 242. T-45 aircraft physiological episode mitigation actions.
Sec. 243. Report on efforts of the Air Force to mitigate physiological 
           episodes affecting aircraft crewmembers.
Sec. 244. Report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental.
Sec. 245. Modification of funding criteria under Historically Black 
           Colleges and Universities and minority institutions program.
Sec. 246. Report on OA-X light attack aircraft applicability to partner 
           nation support.
Sec. 247. Reports on comparative capabilities of adversaries in key 
           technology areas.
Sec. 248. Report on active protection systems for armored combat and 
           tactical vehicles.
Sec. 249. Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
Sec. 250. Modification of reports on mechanisms to provide funds to 
           defense laboratories for research and development of 
           technologies for military missions.
Sec. 251. Briefings on Mobile Protected Firepower and Future Vertical 
           Lift programs.
Sec. 252. Improvement of the Air Force supply chain.
Sec. 253. Review of guidance on blast exposure during training.
Sec. 254. Competitive acquisition strategy for Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
           transmission replacement.
Sec. 255. Independent assessment of electronic warfare plans and 
           programs.

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 
for the use of the Department of Defense for research, development, 
test, and evaluation, as specified in the funding table in section 4201.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT CERTAIN PROTOTYPE 
                        PROJECTS.

    Section 2371b of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(2)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A), in the matter before clause 
                (i), by striking ``(for a prototype project)'' and 
                inserting ``for a prototype project, and any follow-on 
                production contract or transaction that is awarded 
                pursuant to subsection (f),'';
                    (B) in subparagraph (B)--
                          (i) in the matter before clause (i), by 
                      striking ``(for a prototype project)'' and 
                      inserting ``for a prototype project, and any 
                      follow-on production contract or transaction that 
                      is awarded pursuant to subsection (f),''; and
                          (ii) in clause (i), in the matter before 
                      subclause (I), by striking ``Under Secretary of 
                      Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
                      Logistics'' and inserting ``Under

[[Page 132 STAT. 1675]]

                      Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering 
                      or the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                      and Sustainment'';
                    (C) in paragraph (3), by striking ``Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' 
                and inserting ``Under Secretaries of Defense'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by inserting ``the prototype'' 
        after ``carry out''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (5); 
                and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
                new paragraphs:

    ``(3) A follow-on production contract or transaction may be awarded, 
pursuant to this subsection, when the Department determines that an 
individual prototype or prototype subproject as part of a consortium is 
successfully completed by the participants.
    ``(4) Award of a follow-on production contract or transaction 
pursuant to the terms under this subsection is not contingent upon the 
successful completion of all activities within a consortium as a 
condition for an award for follow-on production of a successfully 
completed prototype or prototype subproject within that consortium.''.
SEC. 212. EXTENSION OF DIRECTED ENERGY PROTOTYPE AUTHORITY.

    Section 219(c)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``Except as provided in 
        subparagraph (B)'' and inserting ``Except as provided in 
        subparagraph (C)'';
            (2) by redesignating subparagraph (B) as subparagraph (C);
            (3) by inserting after subparagraph (A) the following:
            ``(B) Except as provided in subparagraph (C) and subject to 
        the availability of appropriations for such purpose, of the 
        funds authorized to be appropriated by the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 or otherwise made 
        available for fiscal year 2019 for research, development, test, 
        and evaluation, defense-wide, up to $100,000,000 may be 
        available to the Under Secretary to allocate to the military 
        departments, the defense agencies, and the combatant commands to 
        carry out the program established under paragraph (1).''; and
            (4) in subparagraph (C), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``made available under subparagraph (A)'' and inserting ``made 
        available under subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B)''.
SEC. 213. PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR THE WEATHER 
                        COMMON COMPONENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for research, 
development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for weather service (PE 
0305111F, Project 672738) for product development, test and evaluation, 
and management services associated with the Weather Common Component 
program may be obligated or expended.
    (b) Report Required.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1676]]

            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report on technologies 
        and capabilities that--
                    (A) provide real-time or near real-time 
                meteorological situational awareness data through the 
                use of sensors installed on manned and unmanned 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) were developed primarily using funds of the 
                Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                    (A) a description of all technologies and 
                capabilities described in paragraph (1) that exist as of 
                the date on which the report is submitted;
                    (B) a description of any testing activities that 
                have been completed for such technologies and 
                capabilities, and the results of those testing 
                activities;
                    (C) the total amount of funds used by the Department 
                of Defense for the development of such technologies and 
                capabilities;
                    (D) a list of capability gaps or shortfalls in any 
                major commands of the Air Force relating to the 
                gathering, processing, exploitation, and dissemination 
                of real-time or near real-time meteorological 
                situational awareness data for unmanned systems;
                    (E) an explanation of how such gaps or shortfalls 
                may be remedied to supplement the weather forecasting 
                capabilities of the Air Force and to enhance the 
                efficiency or effectiveness of combat air power; and
                    (F) a plan for fielding existing technologies and 
                capabilities to mitigate such gaps or shortfalls.
SEC. 214. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR F-35 CONTINUOUS 
                        CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT AND DELIVERY.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available 
for fiscal year 2019 for the F-35 continuous capability development and 
delivery program, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or expended 
until a period of 15 days has elapsed following the date on which the 
Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
detailed cost estimate and baseline schedule for the program, which 
shall include any information required for a major defense acquisition 
program under section 2435 of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) does not apply to 
any funds authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available for 
the development of the F-35 dual capable aircraft capability.
SEC. 215. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS PENDING REPORT ON 
                        AGILE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT AND SOFTWARE 
                        OPERATIONS.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the of funds described in subsection (d), not 
more than 80 percent may be obligated or expended until a period of 30 
days has elapsed following the date on which the Secretary of the Air 
Force submits the report required under subsection (b).
    (b) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation

[[Page 132 STAT. 1677]]

with the Director of Defense Pricing/Defense Procurement and Acquisition 
Policy and the Director of the Defense Digital Service, shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that includes a 
description of each of the following:
            (1) How cost estimates in support of modernization and 
        upgrade activities for Air and Space Operations Centers are 
        being conducted and using what methods.
            (2) The contracting strategy and types of contracts being 
        used to execute Agile Software Development and Software 
        Operations (referred to in this section as ``Agile DevOps'') 
        activities.
            (3) How intellectual property ownership issues associated 
        with software applications developed with Agile DevOps processes 
        will be addressed to ensure future sustainment, maintenance, and 
        upgrades to software applications after the applications are 
        fielded.
            (4) A description of the tools and software applications 
        that have been developed for the Air and Space Operations 
        Centers and the costs and cost categories associated with each.
            (5) Challenges the Air Force has faced in executing 
        acquisition activities modernizing the Air and Space Operations 
        Centers and how the Air Force plans to address the challenges 
        identified.
            (6) The Secretary's strategy for ensuring that software 
        applications developed for Air Operations Centers are 
        transportable and translatable among all the Centers to avoid 
        any duplication of efforts.

    (c) Review.--Before submitting the report under subsection (b), the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall ensure that the report is reviewed and 
approved by the Director of Defense Pricing/Defense Procurement and 
Acquisition Policy.
    (d) Funds Described.--The funds described in this subsection are the 
following:
            (1) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for research, 
        development, test, and evaluation, Air Force, for Air and Space 
        Operations Centers (PE 0207410F, Project 674596).
            (2) Funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
        otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for other 
        procurement, Air Force, for Air and Space Operations Centers.
SEC. 216. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR CERTAIN HIGH 
                        ENERGY LASER ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this 
Act or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2019 for the Department 
of Defense for High Energy Laser Advanced Technology (PE 0603924D8Z), 
not more than 50 percent may be obligated or expended until the date on 
which the Secretary of Defense submits to the congressional defense 
committees a roadmap and detailed assessment of the high energy laser 
programs of the Department of Defense, which shall include plans for 
coordination across the Department and transition to programs of record.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall 
not be construed to apply to any other high energy laser program of the 
Department of Defense other than the program element specified in such 
subsection.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1678]]

SEC. 217. PLAN FOR THE STRATEGIC CAPABILITIES OFFICE OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Plan Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
plan--
            (1) to eliminate the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
        Department of Defense by not later than October 1, 2020;
            (2) to transfer the functions of the Strategic Capabilities 
        Office to another organization or element of the Department by 
        not later than October 1, 2020; or
            (3) to retain the Strategic Capabilities Office.

    (b) Elements.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A timeline for the potential elimination, transfer, or 
        retention of some or all of the activities, functions, programs, 
        plans, and resources of the Strategic Capabilities Office.
            (2) A strategy for mitigating risk to the programs of the 
        Strategic Capabilities Office.
            (3) A strategy for implementing the lessons learned and best 
        practices of the Strategic Capabilities Office across the 
        organizations and elements of the Department of Defense to 
        promote enterprise-wide innovation.
            (4) An assessment of the transition outcomes, research 
        portfolio, and mission accomplishment in the key functions of 
        the Strategic Capabilities Office described in subsection (c).
            (5) An assessment of the relationship of the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office with--
                    (A) the acquisition and rapid capabilities programs 
                of the military departments;
                    (B) Department laboratories;
                    (C) the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency; 
                and
                    (D) other research and development activities.
            (6) Assessment of management and bureaucratic challenges to 
        the effective and efficient execution of the Strategic 
        Capabilities Office missions, especially with respect to 
        contracting and personnel management.

    (c) Key Functions Described.--The key functions described in this 
subsection are the following:
            (1) Repurposing existing Government and commercial systems 
        for new technological advantage.
            (2) Developing novel concepts of operation that are lower 
        cost, more effective, and more responsive to changing threats 
        than traditional concepts of operation.
            (3) Developing joint systems and concepts of operations to 
        meet emerging threats and military requirements based on 
        partnerships with the military departments and combatant 
        commanders.
            (4) Developing prototypes and new concepts of operations 
        that can inform the development of requirements and the 
        establishment of acquisition programs.

    (d) Form of Plan.--The plan required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1679]]

SEC. 218. NATIONAL DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY.

    (a) Annual Strategy.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 4, 2019, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall develop a strategy--
                    (A) to articulate the science and technology 
                priorities, goals, and investments of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) to make recommendations on the future of the 
                defense research and engineering enterprise and its 
                continued success in an era of strategic competition.
            (2) Elements.--The strategy required by paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) be aligned with the National Defense Strategy 
                and Governmentwide strategic science and technology 
                priorities, including the defense budget priorities of 
                the Office of Science and Technology Policy of the 
                President;
                    (B) link the priorities, goals, and outcomes in 
                paragraph (1)(A) with needed critical enablers to 
                specific programs, or broader portfolios, including--
                          (i) personnel and workforce capabilities;
                          (ii) facilities for research and test 
                      infrastructure;
                          (iii) relationships with academia, the 
                      acquisition community, the operational community, 
                      and the commercial sector; and
                          (iv) funding, investments, personnel, 
                      facilities, and relationships with departments, 
                      agencies, or other Federal entities outside the 
                      Department of Defense without which defense 
                      capabilities would be severely degraded;
                    (C) evaluate the coordination of acquisition 
                priorities, programs, and timelines of the Department 
                with the activities of the defense research and 
                engineering enterprise; and
                    (D) include recommendations for changes in 
                authorities, regulations, policies, or any other 
                relevant areas, that would support the achievement of 
                the goals set forth in the strategy.
            (3) Annual updates.--Not less frequently than once each 
        year, the Secretary shall revise and update the strategy 
        required by paragraph (1).
            (4) Annual reports.--(A) Not later than February 4, 2019, 
        and not less frequently than once each year thereafter through 
        December 31, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees the strategy required by 
        paragraph (1), as may be revised and updated in accordance with 
        paragraph (3).
            (B) The reports submitted pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall 
        be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
            (5) Briefing.--Not later than 14 days after the date on 
        which the strategy under paragraph (1) is completed, the 
        Secretary shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives a briefing on the implementation of the 
        strategy.
            (6) Designation.--The strategy developed under paragraph (1) 
        shall be known as the ``National Defense Science and Technology 
        Strategy''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1680]]

    (b) Assessment and Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 4, 2019, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report with an assessment and recommendations on the future of 
        major elements of the defense research and engineering 
        enterprise, evaluating warfighting contributions, portfolio 
        management and coordination, workforce management including 
        special hiring authorities, facilities and test infrastructure, 
        relationships with private sector and interagency partners, and 
        governance, including a comparison with the enterprises of other 
        countries and the private sector.
            (2) Major elements of the defense research and engineering 
        enterprise.--The major elements of the defense research and 
        engineering enterprise referred to in paragraph (1) include the 
        following:
                    (A) The science and technology elements of the 
                military departments.
                    (B) The Department of Defense laboratories.
                    (C) The test ranges and facilities of the 
                Department.
                    (D) The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency 
                (DARPA).
                    (E) The Defense Innovation Unit Experimental 
                (DIU(x)).
                    (F) The Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
                Department.
                    (G) The Small Business Innovation Research program 
                of the Department.
                    (H) The Small Business Technology Transfer program 
                of the Department.
                    (I) Such other elements, offices, programs, and 
                activities of the Department as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate for purposes of the this section.
            (3) Consultation and comments.--In making recommendations 
        under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consult with and seek 
        comments from groups and entities relevant to the 
        recommendations, such as the military departments, the combatant 
        commands, the federally funded research and development centers 
        (FFRDCs), commercial partners of the Department (including small 
        business concerns), or any advisory committee established by the 
        Department that the Secretary determines is appropriate based on 
        the duties of the advisory committee and the expertise of its 
        members.
            (4) Form of submission.--The report submitted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex.
SEC. 219. MODIFICATION OF CVN-73 TO SUPPORT FIELDING OF MQ-25 
                        UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE.

    The Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (1) modify the compartments and infrastructure of the 
        aircraft carrier designated CVN-73 to support the fielding of 
        the MQ-25 unmanned aerial vehicle before the date on which the 
        refueling and complex overhaul of the aircraft carrier is 
        completed; and
            (2) ensure such modification is sufficient to complete the 
        full installation of MQ-25 in no more than a single maintenance 
        period after such overhaul.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1681]]

SEC. 220. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2364 note.>>  ESTABLISHMENT OF INNOVATORS 
                        INFORMATION REPOSITORY IN THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting through 
the Defense Technical Information Center, establish an innovators 
information repository within the Department of Defense in accordance 
with this section.
    (b) Maintenance of Information Repository.--The Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall maintain the information 
repository and ensure that it is periodically updated.
    (c) Elements of Information Repository.--The information repository 
established under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) be coordinated across the Department of Defense 
        enterprise to focus on small business innovators that are small, 
        independent United States businesses, including those 
        participating in the Small Business Innovation Research program 
        or the Small Business Technology Transfer program;
            (2) include appropriate information about each participant, 
        including a description of--
                    (A) the need or requirement applicable to the 
                participant;
                    (B) the participant's technology with appropriate 
                technical detail and appropriate protections of 
                proprietary information or data;
                    (C) any prior business of the participant with the 
                Department; and
                    (D) whether the participant's technology was 
                incorporated into a program of record; and
            (3) incorporate the appropriate classification due to 
        compilation of information.

    (d) Use of Information Repository.--After the information repository 
is established under subsection (a), the Secretary shall encourage use 
of the information repository by Department organizations involved in 
technology development and protection, including program offices, before 
initiating a Request for Information or a Request for Proposal to 
determine whether an organic technology exists or is being developed 
currently by a an entity supported by the Department (which may include 
a company, academic consortium, or other entity).
SEC. 221. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST AND 
                        EVALUATION RESOURCES.

    Section 196(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows: ``(1) Not 
        less often than once every two fiscal years, the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Research and Engineering, in coordination with 
        the Director of the Department of Defense Test Resources 
        Management Center, the Director of Operational Test and 
        Evaluation, the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, the 
        Secretaries of the military departments, and the heads of 
        Defense Agencies with test and evaluation responsibilities, 
        shall complete a strategic plan reflecting the future needs of 
        the Department of Defense with respect to test and evaluation 
        facilities and resources. Each strategic plan shall cover the 
        period of thirty fiscal years beginning with the fiscal year

[[Page 132 STAT. 1682]]

        in which the plan is submitted under paragraph (3). The 
        strategic plan shall be based on a comprehensive review of both 
        funded and unfunded test and evaluation requirements of the 
        Department, future threats to national security, and the 
        adequacy of the test and evaluation facilities and resources of 
        the Department to meet those future requirements and threats.''; 
        and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(C), by striking ``needed to meet such 
        requirements'' and inserting ``needed to meet current and future 
        requirements based on current and emerging threats''.
SEC. 222. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2364 note.>>  COLLABORATION BETWEEN 
                        DEFENSE LABORATORIES, INDUSTRY, AND 
                        ACADEMIA; OPEN CAMPUS PROGRAM.

    (a) Collaboration.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out 
activities to prioritize innovative collaboration between Department of 
Defense science and technology reinvention laboratories, industry, and 
academia.
    (b) Open Campus Program.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary, acting through the Commander of the Air Force Research 
Laboratory, the Commander of the Army Research, Development and 
Engineering Command, and the Chief of Naval Research, or such other 
officials of the Department as the Secretary considers appropriate, may 
develop and implement an open campus program for the Department science 
and technology reinvention laboratories which shall be modeled after the 
open campus program of the Army Research Laboratory.
SEC. 223. PERMANENT EXTENSION AND CODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO 
                        CONDUCT TECHNOLOGY PROTECTION FEATURES 
                        ACTIVITIES DURING RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 2358 the following new section:
``Sec. 2357. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2357.>>  Technology protection 
                  features activities

    ``(a) Activities.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out 
activities to develop and incorporate technology protection features in 
a designated system during the research and development phase of such 
system.
    ``(b) Cost-sharing.--Any contract for the design or development of a 
system resulting from activities under subsection (a) for the purpose of 
enhancing or enabling the exportability of the system, either for the 
development of program protection strategies for the system or the 
design and incorporation of exportability features into the system, 
shall include a cost-sharing provision that requires the contractor to 
bear half of the cost of such activities, or such other portion of such 
cost as the Secretary considers appropriate upon showing of good cause.
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `designated system' means any system 
        (including a major system, as defined in section 2302(5) of 
        title 10, United States Code) that the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment designates for purposes 
        of this section.
            ``(2) The term `technology protection features' means the 
        technical modifications necessary to protect critical program

[[Page 132 STAT. 1683]]

        information, including anti-tamper technologies and other 
        systems engineering activities intended to prevent or delay 
        exploitation of critical technologies in a designated system.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 139 of title 10, United States Code, <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 
prec.>>  is amended by inserting before the item relating to section 
2358 the following new item:

``2357. Technology protection features activities.''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--Section 243 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
repealed.
SEC. 224. CODIFICATION AND REAUTHORIZATION OF DEFENSE RESEARCH AND 
                        DEVELOPMENT RAPID INNOVATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Codification.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by inserting after section 2359 the following 
        new section:
``Sec. 2359a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2359a.>>  Defense Research and 
                    Development Rapid Innovation Program

    ``(a) Program Established.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a competitive, merit-based program to accelerate the fielding 
of technologies developed pursuant to phase II Small Business Innovation 
Research Program projects, technologies developed by the defense 
laboratories, and other innovative technologies (including dual use 
technologies).
    ``(2) The purpose of this program is to stimulate innovative 
technologies and reduce acquisition or lifecycle costs, address 
technical risks, improve the timeliness and thoroughness of test and 
evaluation outcomes, and rapidly insert such products directly in 
support of primarily major defense acquisition programs, but also other 
defense acquisition programs that meet critical national security needs.
    ``(b) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall issue guidelines for the 
operation of the program. At a minimum such guidance shall provide for 
the following:
            ``(1) The issuance of one or more broad agency announcements 
        or the use of any other competitive or merit-based processes by 
        the Department of Defense for candidate proposals in support of 
        defense acquisition programs as described in subsection (a).
            ``(2) The review of candidate proposals by the Department of 
        Defense and by each military department and the merit-based 
        selection of the most promising cost-effective proposals for 
        funding through contracts, cooperative agreements, and other 
        transactions for the purposes of carrying out the program.
            ``(3) The total amount of funding provided to any project 
        under the program from funding provided under subsection (d) 
        shall not exceed $3,000,000, unless the Secretary, or the 
        Secretary's designee, approves a larger amount of funding for 
        the project.
            ``(4) No project shall receive more than a total of two 
        years of funding under the program from funding provided

[[Page 132 STAT. 1684]]

        under subsection (d), unless the Secretary, or the Secretary's 
        designee, approves funding for any additional year.
            ``(5) Mechanisms to facilitate transition of follow-on or 
        current projects carried out under the program into defense 
        acquisition programs, through the use of the authorities of 
        section 2302e of this title or such other authorities as may be 
        appropriate to conduct further testing, low rate production, or 
        full rate production of technologies developed under the 
        program.
            ``(6) Projects are selected using merit-based selection 
        procedures and the selection of projects is not subject to undue 
        influence by Congress or other Federal agencies.

    ``(c) Treatment Pursuant to Certain Congressional Rules.--Nothing in 
this section shall be interpreted to require or enable any official of 
the Department of Defense to provide funding under this section to any 
earmark as defined pursuant to House Rule XXI, clause 9, or any 
congressionally directed spending item as defined pursuant to Senate 
Rule XLIV, paragraph 5.
    ``(d) Funding.--Subject to the availability of appropriations for 
such purpose, the amounts authorized to be appropriated for research, 
development, test, and evaluation for a fiscal year may be used for such 
fiscal year for the program established under subsection (a).
    ``(e) Transfer Authority.--(1) The Secretary may transfer funds 
available for the program to the research, development, test, and 
evaluation accounts of a military department, defense agency, or the 
unified combatant command for special operations forces pursuant to a 
proposal, or any part of a proposal, that the Secretary determines would 
directly support the purposes of the program.
    ``(2) The transfer authority provided in this subsection is in 
addition to any other transfer authority available to the Department of 
Defense.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 139 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2351 
        prec.>>  is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
        section 2359 the following new item:

``2359a. Defense Research and Development Rapid Innovation Program.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Repeal of old provision.--Section 1073 of the Ike 
        Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 
        (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is hereby repealed.
            (2) Repeal of old table of contents item.--The table of 
        contents in section 2(b) of such Act is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 1073.
SEC. 225. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  PROCEDURES FOR RAPID 
                        REACTION TO EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Requirement to Establish Procedures.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering shall prescribe procedures for the 
designation and development of technologies that are--
            (1) urgently needed--
                    (A) to react to a technological development of an 
                adversary of the United States; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1685]]

                    (B) to respond to a significant and urgent emerging 
                technology; and
            (2) not receiving appropriate research funding or attention 
        from the Department of Defense.

    (b) Elements.--The procedures prescribed under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) A process for streamlined communications between the 
        Under Secretary, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the commanders of 
        the combatant commands, the science and technology executives 
        within each military department, and the science and technology 
        community, including--
                    (A) a process for the commanders of the combatant 
                commands and the Joint Chiefs of Staff to communicate 
                their needs to the science and technology community; and
                    (B) a process for the science and technology 
                community to propose technologies that meet the needs 
                communicated by the combatant commands and the Joint 
                Chiefs of Staff.
            (2) Procedures for the development of technologies proposed 
        pursuant to paragraph (1)(B), including--
                    (A) a process for demonstrating performance of the 
                proposed technologies on a short timeline;
                    (B) a process for developing a development strategy 
                for a technology, including integration into future 
                budget years; and
                    (C) a process for making investment determinations 
                based on information obtained pursuant to subparagraphs 
                (A) and (B).

    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall provide to the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the procedures required 
by subsection (a).
SEC. 226. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  ACTIVITIES ON 
                        IDENTIFICATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF ENHANCED 
                        PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT AGAINST 
                        BLAST INJURY.

    (a) Activities Required.--During calendar year 2019, the Secretary 
of the Army shall, in consultation with the Director of Operational Test 
and Evaluation, carry out a set of activities to identify and develop 
personal equipment to provide enhanced protection against injuries 
caused by blasts in combat and training.
    (b) Activities.--
            (1) Continuous evaluation process.--For purposes of the 
        activities required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
        establish a process to continuously solicit from government, 
        industry, academia, and other appropriate entities personal 
        protective equipment that is ready for testing and evaluation in 
        order to identify and evaluate equipment or clothing that is 
        more effective in protecting members of the Armed Forces from 
        the harmful effects of blast injuries, including traumatic brain 
        injuries, and would be suitable for expedited procurement and 
        fielding.
            (2) Goals.--The goals of the activities shall include:
                    (A) Development of streamlined requirements for 
                procurement of personal protective equipment.
                    (B) Appropriate testing of personal protective 
                equipment prior to procurement and fielding.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1686]]

                    (C) Development of expedited mechanisms for 
                deployment of effective personal protective equipment.
                    (D) Identification of areas of research in which 
                increased investment has the potential to improve the 
                quality of personal protective equipment and the 
                capability of the industrial base to produce such 
                equipment.
                    (E) Such other goals as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (3) Partnerships for certain assessments.--As part of the 
        activities, the Secretary should continue to establish 
        partnerships with appropriate academic institutions for purposes 
        of assessing the following:
                    (A) The ability of various forms of personal 
                protective equipment to protect against common blast 
                injuries, including traumatic brain injuries.
                    (B) The value of real-time data analytics to track 
                the effectiveness of various forms of personal 
                protective equipment to protect against common blast 
                injuries, including traumatic brain injuries.
                    (C) The availability of commercial-off the-shelf 
                personal protective technology to protect against 
                traumatic brain injury resulting from blasts.
                    (D) The extent to which the equipment determined 
                through the assessment to be most effective to protect 
                against common blast injuries is readily modifiable for 
                different body types and to provide lightweight material 
                options to enhance maneuverability.

    (c) Authorities.--In carrying out activities under subsection (a), 
the Secretary may use any authority as follows:
            (1) Experimental procurement authority under section 2373 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Other transactions authority under section 2371 and 
        2371b of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Authority to award technology prizes under section 2374a 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (4) Authority under the Defense Acquisition Challenge 
        Program under section 2359b of title 10, United States Code.
            (5) Any other authority on acquisition, technology transfer, 
        and personnel management that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (d) Certain Treatment of Activities.--Any activities under this 
section shall be deemed to have been through the use of competitive 
procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of title 10, United States 
Code.
    (e) On-going Assessment Following Activities.--After the completion 
of activities under subsection (a), the Secretary shall, on an on-going 
basis, do the following:
            (1) Evaluate the extent to which personal protective 
        equipment identified through the activities would--
                    (A) enhance survivability of personnel from blasts 
                in combat and training; and
                    (B) enhance prevention of brain damage, and 
                reduction of any resultant chronic brain dysfunction, 
                from blasts in combat and training.
            (2) In the case of personal protective equipment so 
        identified that would provide enhancements as described in 
        paragraph (1), estimate the costs that would be incurred to 
        procure

[[Page 132 STAT. 1687]]

        such enhanced personal protective equipment, and develop a 
        schedule for the procurement of such equipment.
            (3) Estimate the potential health care cost savings that 
        would occur from expanded use of personal protective equipment 
        described in paragraph (2).

    (f) Report.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
Committee on Armed Services of the House of Representatives a report on 
the activities under subsection (a) as of the date of the report.
    (g) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2019 by this Act for research, development, test, and evaluation, 
as specified in the funding tables in division D, $10,000,000 may be 
used to carry out this section.
SEC. 227. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  HUMAN FACTORS MODELING AND 
                        SIMULATION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Activities Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
provide for the carrying out of human factors modeling and simulation 
activities designed to do the following:
            (1) Provide warfighters and civilians with personalized 
        assessment, education, and training tools.
            (2) Identify and implement effective ways to interface and 
        team warfighters with machines.
            (3) Result in the use of intelligent, adaptive augmentation 
        to enhance decision making.
            (4) Result in the development of techniques, technologies, 
        and practices to mitigate critical stressors that impede 
        warfighter and civilian protection, sustainment, and 
        performance.

    (b) Purpose.--The overall purpose of the activities shall be to 
accelerate research and development that enhances capabilities for human 
performance, human-systems integration, and training for the warfighter.
    (c) Participants in Activities.--Participants in the activities may 
include the following:
            (1) Elements of the Department of Defense engaged in science 
        and technology activities.
            (2) Program Executive Offices of the Department.
            (3) Academia.
            (4) The private sector.
            (5) Such other participants as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
SEC. 228. EXPANSION OF MISSION AREAS SUPPORTED BY MECHANISMS FOR 
                        EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
                        EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 217(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (23) as paragraph (27); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (22) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(23) Space.
            ``(24) Infrastructure resilience.
            ``(25) Photonics.
            ``(26) Autonomy.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1688]]

SEC. 229. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2521 note.>>  ADVANCED MANUFACTURING 
                        ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Designation.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall jointly, in coordination with Secretaries of the 
military departments, establish at least one activity per military 
service to demonstrate advanced manufacturing techniques and 
capabilities at depot-level activities or military arsenal facilities of 
the military departments.
    (b) Purposes.--The activities established pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) support efforts to implement advanced manufacturing 
        techniques and capabilities;
            (2) identify improvements to sustainment methods for 
        component parts and other logistics needs;
            (3) identify and implement appropriate information security 
        protections to ensure security of advanced manufacturing;
            (4) aid in the procurement of advanced manufacturing 
        equipment and support services;
            (5) enhance partnerships between the defense industrial base 
        and Department of Defense laboratories, academic institutions, 
        and industry; and
            (6) to the degree practicable, include an educational or 
        training component to build an advanced manufacturing workforce.

    (c) Cooperative Agreements and Partnerships.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretaries may enter into a 
        cooperative agreement and use public-private and public-public 
        partnerships to facilitate development of advanced manufacturing 
        techniques in support of the defense industrial base.
            (2) Requirements.--A cooperative agreement entered into 
        under paragraph (1) and a partnership used under such paragraph 
        shall facilitate--
                    (A) development and implementation of advanced 
                manufacturing techniques and capabilities;
                    (B) appropriate sharing of information in the 
                adaptation of advanced manufacturing, including 
                technical data rights;
                    (C) implementation of appropriate information 
                security protections into advanced manufacturing tools 
                and techniques; and
                    (D) support of necessary workforce development.

    (d) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under 
Secretaries may use the following authorities:
            (1) Section 2196 of title 10, United States Code, relating 
        to the Manufacturing Engineering Education Program.
            (2) Section 2368 of such title, relating to centers for 
        science, technology, and engineering partnership.
            (3) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            (4) Section 2474 of such title, relating to centers of 
        industrial and technical excellence.
            (5) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            (6) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
        Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, 
        United States Code, relating to cooperative research and 
        development agreements.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1689]]

            (7) Such other authorities as the Under Secretaries 
        considers appropriate.
SEC. 230. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  NATIONAL SECURITY 
                        INNOVATION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering shall establish activities to develop interaction between 
the Department of Defense and the commercial technology industry and 
academia with regard to emerging hardware products and technologies with 
national security applications.
    (b) Elements.--The activities required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) Informing and encouraging private investment in specific 
        hardware technologies of interest to future defense technology 
        needs with unique national security applications.
            (2) Funding research and technology development in hardware-
        intensive capabilities that private industry has not 
        sufficiently supported to meet rapidly emerging defense and 
        national security needs.
            (3) Contributing to the development of policies, policy 
        implementation, and actions to deter strategic acquisition of 
        industrial and technical capabilities in the private sector by 
        foreign entities that could potentially exclude companies from 
        participating in the Department of Defense technology and 
        industrial base.
            (4) Identifying promising emerging technology in industry 
        and academia for the Department of Defense for potential support 
        or research and development cooperation.

    (c) Transfer of Personnel and Resources.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the Under 
        Secretary may transfer such personnel, resources, and 
        authorities that are under the control of the Under Secretary as 
        the Under Secretary considers appropriate to carry out the 
        activities established under subsection (a) from other elements 
        of the Department under the control of the Under Secretary or 
        upon approval of the Secretary of Defense.
            (2) Certification.--The Under Secretary may only make a 
        transfer of personnel, resources, or authorities under paragraph 
        (1) upon certification by the Under Secretary that the 
        activities established under paragraph (a) can attract 
        sufficient private sector investment, has personnel with 
        sufficient technical and management expertise, and has 
        identified relevant technologies and systems for potential 
        investment in order to carry out the activities established 
        under subsection (a), independent of further government funding 
        beyond this authorization.

    (d) Establishment of Nonprofit Entity.--The Under Secretary may 
establish or fund a nonprofit entity to carry out the program activities 
under subsection (a).
    (e) Plan.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a detailed plan to carry 
        out this section.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the additional authorities 
                needed to carry out the activities set forth in 
                subsection (b).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1690]]

                    (B) Plans for transfers under subsection (c), 
                including plans for private fund-matching and investment 
                mechanisms, oversight, treatment of rights relating to 
                technical data developed, and relevant dates and goals 
                of such transfers.
                    (C) Plans for attracting the participation of the 
                commercial technology industry and academia and how 
                those plans fit into the current Department of Defense 
                research and engineering enterprise.

    (f) Authorities.--In carrying out this section, the Under Secretary 
may use the following authorities:
            (1) Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), relating to a pilot 
        program on strengthening manufacturing in the defense industrial 
        base.
            (2) Section 1599g of title 10 of the United States Code, 
        relating to public-private talent exchanges.
            (3) Section 2368 of such title, relating to Centers for 
        Science, Technology, and Engineering Partnerships.
            (4) Section 2374a of such title, relating to prizes for 
        advanced technology achievements.
            (5) Section 2474 of such title, relating to Centers of 
        Industrial and Technical Excellence.
            (6) Section 2521 of such title, relating to the 
        Manufacturing Technology Program.
            (7) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United States 
        Code, relating to assignments to and from States.
            (8) Chapter 47 of such title, relating to personnel research 
        programs and demonstration projects.
            (9) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation 
        Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 6305 of title 31, 
        United States Code, relating to cooperative research and 
        development agreements.
            (10) Such other authorities as the Under Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (g) Notice Required.--Not later than 15 days before the date on 
which the Under Secretary first exercises the authority granted under 
subsection (d) and not later than 15 days before the date on which the 
Under Secretary first obligates or expends any amount authorized under 
subsection (h), the Under Secretary shall notify the congressional 
defense committees of such exercise, obligation, or expenditure, as the 
case may be.
    (h) Funding.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2019 for the Department of Defense by section 201 and subject to 
the availability of appropriations, up to $75,000,000 may be available 
to carry out this section.
SEC. 231. PARTNERSHIP INTERMEDIARIES FOR PROMOTION OF DEFENSE 
                        RESEARCH AND EDUCATION.

    Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as subsections 
        (g) and (h), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Use of Partnership Intermediaries to Promote Defense Research 
and Education.--(1) Subject to the approval of the Secretary or the head 
of the another department or agency

[[Page 132 STAT. 1691]]

of the Federal Government concerned, the Director of a Center may enter 
into a contract, memorandum of understanding or other transition with a 
partnership intermediary that provides for the partnership intermediary 
to perform services for the Department of Defense that increase the 
likelihood of success in the conduct of cooperative or joint activities 
of the Center with industry or academic institutions.
    ``(2) In this subsection, the term `partnership intermediary' means 
an agency of a State or local government, or a nonprofit entity owned in 
whole or in part by, chartered by, funded in whole or in part by, or 
operated in whole or in part by or on behalf of a State or local 
government, that assists, counsels, advises, evaluates, or otherwise 
cooperates with industry or academic institutions that need or can make 
demonstrably productive use of technology-related assistance from a 
Center.''.
SEC. 232. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR SURFACE NAVY LASER WEAPON 
                        SYSTEM.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available by this Act may be used to exceed, in fiscal 
year 2019, a procurement quantity of one Surface Navy Laser Weapon 
System, also known as the High Energy Laser and Integrated Optical-
dazzler with Surveillance (HELIOS), unless the Secretary of the Navy 
submits to the congressional defense committees a report on such system 
with the elements set forth in subsection (b).
    (b) Elements.--The elements set forth in this subsection are, with 
respect to the system described in subsection (a), the following:
            (1) A document setting forth the requirements for the 
        system, including desired performance characteristics.
            (2) An acquisition plan that includes the following:
                    (A) A program schedule to accomplish design 
                completion, technology maturation, risk reduction, and 
                other activities, including dates of key design reviews 
                (such as Preliminary Design Review and Critical Design 
                Review) and program initiation decision (such as 
                Milestone B) if applicable.
                    (B) A contracting strategy, including requests for 
                proposals, the extent to which contracts will be 
                competitively awarded, option years, option quantities, 
                option prices, and ceiling prices.
                    (C) The fiscal years of procurement and delivery for 
                each engineering development model, prototype, or 
                similar unit planned to be acquired.
                    (D) A justification for the fiscal years of 
                procurement and delivery for each engineering 
                development model, prototype, or similar unit planned to 
                be acquired.
            (3) A test plan and schedule sufficient to achieve 
        operational effectiveness and operational suitability 
        determinations (such as Early Operational Capability and Initial 
        Operational Capability) related to the requirements set forth in 
        paragraph (1).
            (4) Associated funding and item quantities, disaggregated by 
        fiscal year and appropriation, requested in the Fiscal Year 2019 
        Future Years Defense Program.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1692]]

            (5) An estimate of the acquisition costs, including the 
        total costs for procurement, research, development, test, and 
        evaluation.
SEC. 233. EXPANSION OF COORDINATION REQUIREMENT FOR SUPPORT FOR 
                        NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION AND 
                        ENTREPRENEURIAL EDUCATION.

    Section 225(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2359 note) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(16) The National Security Technology Accelerator.
            ``(17) The I-Corps Program.''.
SEC. 234. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION 
                        SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND 
                        DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
quantum information science and technology research and development 
program.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program required by subsection 
(a) are as follows:
            (1) To ensure global superiority of the United States in 
        quantum information science necessary for meeting national 
        security requirements.
            (2) To coordinate all quantum information science and 
        technology research and development within the Department of 
        Defense and to provide for interagency cooperation and 
        collaboration on quantum information science and technology 
        research and development between the Department of Defense and 
        other departments and agencies of the United States and 
        appropriate private sector entities that are involved in quantum 
        information science and technology research and development.
            (3) To develop and manage a portfolio of fundamental and 
        applied quantum information science and technology and 
        engineering research initiatives that is stable, consistent, and 
        balanced across scientific disciplines.
            (4) To accelerate the transition and deployment of 
        technologies and concepts derived from quantum information 
        science and technology research and development into the Armed 
        Forces, and to establish policies, procedures, and standards for 
        measuring the success of such efforts.
            (5) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate critical 
        information on quantum information science and technology 
        research and development.
            (6) To establish and support appropriate research, 
        innovation, and industrial base, including facilities and 
        infrastructure, to support the needs of Department of Defense 
        missions and systems related to quantum information science and 
        technology.

    (c) Administration.--In carrying out the program required by 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall act through the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, who shall supervise the planning, 
management, and coordination of the program. The Under Secretary, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments and the 
heads of participating Defense Agencies and other departments and 
agencies of the United States, shall--
            (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a set of 
        specific technical goals for the program, including--
                    (A) optimization of analysis of national security 
                data sets;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1693]]

                    (B) development of defense related quantum computing 
                algorithms;
                    (C) design of new materials and molecular functions;
                    (D) secure communications and cryptography, 
                including development of quantum communications 
                protocols;
                    (E) quantum sensing and metrology;
                    (F) development of mathematics relating to quantum 
                enhancements to sensing, communications, and computing; 
                and
                    (G) processing and manufacturing of low-cost, 
                robust, and reliable quantum information science and 
                technology-enabled devices and systems;
            (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research and 
        investment plan for meeting the near-, mid-, and long-term 
        challenges with definitive milestones while achieving the 
        specific technical goals that builds upon the Department's 
        increased investment in quantum information science and 
        technology research and development, commercial sector and 
        global investments, and other United States Government 
        investments in the quantum sciences;
            (3) not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, develop and continuously update guidance, including 
        classification and data management plans for defense-related 
        quantum information science and technology activities, and 
        policies for control of personnel participating on such 
        activities to minimize the effects of loss of intellectual 
        property in basic and applied quantum science and information 
        considered sensitive to the leadership of the United States in 
        the field of quantum information science and technology; and
            (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
        agreements, and other cooperative arrangements necessary for 
        meeting the long-term challenges and achieving the specific 
        technical goals.

    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2020, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the program, in both classified and unclassified 
        format.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the knowledge-base of the 
                Department with respect to quantum sciences, plans to 
                defend against quantum based attacks, and any plans of 
                the Secretary to enhance such knowledge-base.
                    (B) A plan that describes how the Secretary intends 
                to use quantum sciences for military applications and to 
                meet other needs of the Department.
                    (C) An assessment of the efforts of foreign powers 
                to use quantum sciences for military applications and 
                other purposes.
                    (D) A description of activities undertaken 
                consistent with this section, including funding for 
                activities consistent with the section.
                    (E) Such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1694]]

SEC. 235. JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TEST ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Test Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Research 
and Engineering shall, in the Under Secretary's capacity as the official 
with principal responsibility for the development and demonstration of 
directed energy weapons for the Department of Defense pursuant to 
section 219(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note), develop, establish, 
and coordinate directed energy testing activities adequate to ensure the 
achievement by the Department of Defense of goals of the Department for 
developing and deploying directed energy systems to match national 
security needs.
    (b) Elements.--The activity established under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) The High Energy Laser System Test Facility of the Army 
        Test and Evaluation Command.
            (2) Such other test resources and activities as the Under 
        Secretary may designate for purposes of this section.

    (c) Designation.--The test activities established under subsection 
(a) shall be considered part of the Major Range and Test Facility Base 
(as defined in 196(i) of title 10, United States Code).
    (d) Prioritization of Effort.--In developing and coordinating 
testing activities pursuant to subsection (a), the Under Secretary shall 
prioritize efforts consistent with the following:
            (1) Paragraphs (2) through (5) of section 219(a) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (10 
        U.S.C. 2431 note).
            (2) Enabling the standardized collection and evaluation of 
        testing data to establish testing references and benchmarks.
            (3) Concentrating sufficient personnel expertise of directed 
        energy weapon systems in order to validate the effectiveness of 
        new weapon systems against a variety of targets.
            (4) Consolidating modern state-of-the-art testing 
        infrastructure including telemetry, sensors, and optics to 
        support advanced technology testing and evaluation.
            (5) Formulating a joint lethality or vulnerability 
        information repository that can be accessed by any of the 
        military departments of Defense Agencies, similar to a Joint 
        Munitions Effectiveness Manuals (JMEMs).
            (6) Reducing duplication of directed energy weapon testing.
            (7) Ensuring that an adequate workforce and adequate testing 
        facilities are maintained to support missions of the Department 
        of Defense.
SEC. 236. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  REQUIREMENT FOR 
                        ESTABLISHMENT OF ARRANGEMENTS FOR 
                        EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL TALENT AND 
                        EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS TO 
                        SUPPORT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MISSIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 217 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended by striking ``and each secretary of a 
military department may establish one or more'' and inserting ``shall, 
acting through the secretaries of the military departments, establish 
not fewer than three''.
    (b) Extension.--Subsection (f) of such section is amended by 
striking ``September 30, 2020'' and inserting ``September 30, 2022''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1695]]

SEC. 237. AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DIRECTED ENERGY TRANSITION OFFICE TO 
                        CONDUCT RESEARCH RELATING TO HIGH POWERED 
                        MICROWAVE CAPABILITIES.

    Section 219(b)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is amended by 
inserting ``, including high-powered microwaves,'' after ``energy 
systems and technologies''.
SEC. 238. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2358 note.>>  JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                        INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND 
                        TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
        set of activities within the Department of Defense to coordinate 
        the efforts of the Department to develop, mature, and transition 
        artificial intelligence technologies into operational use.
            (2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established under 
        paragraph (1) shall apply artificial intelligence and machine 
        learning solutions to operational problems and coordinate 
        activities involving artificial intelligence and artificial 
        intelligence enabled capabilities within the Department.

    (b) Designation.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall designate a senior official 
of the Department with principal responsibility for the coordination of 
activities relating to the development and demonstration of artificial 
intelligence and machine learning for the Department.
    (c) Duties.--The duties of the official designated under subsection 
(b) shall include the following:
            (1) Strategic plan.--Developing a detailed strategic plan to 
        develop, mature, adopt, and transition artificial intelligence 
        technologies into operational use. Such plan shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) A strategic roadmap for the identification and 
                coordination of the development and fielding of 
                artificial intelligence technologies and key enabling 
                capabilities.
                    (B) The continuous evaluation and adaptation of 
                relevant artificial intelligence capabilities developed 
                both inside the Department and in other organizations 
                for military missions and business operations.
            (2) Acceleration of development and fielding of artificial 
        intelligence.--To the degree practicable, the designated 
        official shall--
                    (A) use the flexibility of regulations, personnel, 
                acquisition, partnerships with industry and academia, or 
                other relevant policies of the Department to accelerate 
                the development and fielding of artificial intelligence 
                capabilities;
                    (B) ensure engagement with defense and private 
                industries, research universities, and unaffiliated, 
                nonprofit research institutions;
                    (C) provide technical advice and support to entities 
                in the Department and the military departments to 
                optimize the use of artificial intelligence and machine 
                learning technologies to meet Department missions;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1696]]

                    (D) support the development of requirements for 
                artificial intelligence capabilities that address the 
                highest priority capability gaps of the Department and 
                technical feasibility;
                    (E) develop and support capabilities for technical 
                analysis and assessment of threat capabilities based on 
                artificial intelligence;
                    (F) ensure that the Department has appropriate 
                workforce and capabilities at laboratories, test ranges, 
                and within the organic defense industrial base to 
                support the artificial intelligence capabilities and 
                requirements of the Department;
                    (G) develop classification guidance for all 
                artificial intelligence related activities of the 
                Department;
                    (H) work with appropriate officials to develop 
                appropriate ethical, legal, and other policies for the 
                Department governing the development and use of 
                artificial intelligence enabled systems and technologies 
                in operational situations; and
                    (I) ensure--
                          (i) that artificial intelligence programs of 
                      each military department and of the Defense 
                      Agencies are consistent with the priorities 
                      identified under this section; and
                          (ii) appropriate coordination of artificial 
                      intelligence activities of the Department with 
                      interagency, industry, and international efforts 
                      relating to artificial intelligence, including 
                      relevant participation in standards setting 
                      bodies.
            (3) Governance and oversight of artificial intelligence and 
        machine learning policy.--Regularly convening appropriate 
        officials across the Department--
                    (A) to integrate the functional activities of the 
                organizations and elements of the Department with 
                respect to artificial intelligence and machine learning;
                    (B) to ensure there are efficient and effective 
                artificial intelligence and machine learning 
                capabilities throughout the Department; and
                    (C) to develop and continuously improve research, 
                innovation, policy, joint processes, and procedures to 
                facilitate the development, acquisition, integration, 
                advancement, oversight, and sustainment of artificial 
                intelligence and machine learning throughout the 
                Department.

    (d) Access to Information.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
official designated under subsection (b) has access to such information 
on programs and activities of the military departments and other Defense 
Agencies as the Secretary considers appropriate to carry out the 
coordination described in subsection (b) and the duties set forth in 
subsection (c).
    (e) Study on Artificial Intelligence Topics.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the official designated under 
        subsection (b) shall--
                    (A) complete a study on past and current advances in 
                artificial intelligence and the future of the 
                discipline, including the methods and means necessary to 
                advance the development of the discipline, to 
                comprehensively

[[Page 132 STAT. 1697]]

                address the national security needs and requirements of 
                the Department; and
                    (B) submit to the congressional defense committees a 
                report on the findings of the designated official with 
                respect to the study completed under subparagraph (A).
            (2) Consultation with experts.--In conducting the study 
        required by paragraph (1)(A), the designated official shall 
        consult with experts within the Department, other Federal 
        agencies, academia, any advisory committee established by the 
        Secretary that the Secretary determines appropriate based on the 
        duties of the advisory committee and the expertise of its 
        members, and the commercial sector, as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (3) Elements.--The study required by paragraph (1)(A) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive and national-level review of--
                          (i) advances in artificial intelligence, 
                      machine learning, and associated technologies 
                      relevant to the needs of the Department and the 
                      Armed Forces; and
                          (ii) the competitiveness of the Department in 
                      artificial intelligence, machine learning, and 
                      such technologies.
                    (B) Near-term actionable recommendations to the 
                Secretary for the Department to secure and maintain 
                technical advantage in artificial intelligence, 
                including ways--
                          (i) to more effectively organize the 
                      Department for artificial intelligence;
                          (ii) to educate, recruit, and retain leading 
                      talent; and
                          (iii) to most effectively leverage investments 
                      in basic and advanced research and commercial 
                      progress in these technologies.
                    (C) Recommendations on the establishment of 
                Departmentwide data standards and the provision of 
                incentives for the sharing of open training data, 
                including those relevant for research into systems that 
                integrate artificial intelligence and machine learning 
                with human teams.
                    (D) Recommendations for engagement by the Department 
                with relevant agencies that will be involved with 
                artificial intelligence in the future.
                    (E) Recommendations for legislative action relating 
                to artificial intelligence, machine learning, and 
                associated technologies, including recommendations to 
                more effectively fund and organize the Department.

    (f) Delineation of Definition of Artificial Intelligence.--Not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
shall delineate a definition of the term ``artificial intelligence'' for 
use within the Department.
    (g) Artificial Intelligence Defined.--In this section, the term 
``artificial intelligence'' includes the following:
            (1) Any artificial system that performs tasks under varying 
        and unpredictable circumstances without significant human 
        oversight, or that can learn from experience and improve 
        performance when exposed to data sets.
            (2) An artificial system developed in computer software, 
        physical hardware, or other context that solves tasks requiring

[[Page 132 STAT. 1698]]

        human-like perception, cognition, planning, learning, 
        communication, or physical action.
            (3) An artificial system designed to think or act like a 
        human, including cognitive architectures and neural networks.
            (4) A set of techniques, including machine learning, that is 
        designed to approximate a cognitive task.
            (5) An artificial system designed to act rationally, 
        including an intelligent software agent or embodied robot that 
        achieves goals using perception, planning, reasoning, learning, 
        communicating, decision making, and acting.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 241. REPORT ON SURVIVABILITY OF AIR DEFENSE ARTILLERY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Army shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the efforts of the Army to 
improve the survivability of air defense artillery, with a particular 
focus on the efforts of the Army to improve passive and active 
nonkinetic capabilities and training with respect to such artillery.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An analysis of the utility of relevant passive and 
        active non-kinetic integrated air and missile defense 
        capabilities, including tactical mobility, new passive and 
        active sensors, signature reduction, concealment, and deception 
        systems, and electronic warfare and high-powered radio frequency 
        systems.
            (2) An analysis of the utility of relevant active kinetic 
        capabilities, such as a new, long-range counter-maneuvering 
        threat missile and additional indirect fire protection 
        capability units to defend Patriot and Terminal High Altitude 
        Area Defense batteries.

    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a classified annex.
SEC. 242. T-45 AIRCRAFT PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODE MITIGATION ACTIONS.

    Section 1063(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (131 Stat. 1576; Public Law 115-91) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(5) A list of all modifications to the T-45 aircraft and 
        associated ground equipment carried out during fiscal years 2017 
        through 2019 to mitigate the risk of physiological episodes 
        among T-45 crewmembers.
            ``(6) The results achieved by the modifications listed 
        pursuant to paragraph (5), as determined by relevant testing and 
        operational activities.
            ``(7) The cost of the modifications listed pursuant to 
        paragraph (5).
            ``(8) Any plans of the Navy for future modifications to the 
        T-45 aircraft that are intended to mitigate the risk of 
        physiological episodes among T-45 crewmembers.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1699]]

SEC. 243. REPORT ON EFFORTS OF THE AIR FORCE TO MITIGATE 
                        PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AFFECTING AIRCRAFT 
                        CREWMEMBERS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on all efforts of the Air Force to reduce the occurrence of, and 
mitigate the risk posed by, physiological episodes affecting crewmembers 
of covered aircraft.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) information on the rate of physiological episodes 
        affecting crewmembers of covered aircraft;
            (2) a description of the specific actions carried out by the 
        Air Force to address such episodes, including a description of 
        any upgrades or other modifications made to covered aircraft to 
        address such episodes;
            (3) schedules and cost estimates for any upgrades or 
        modifications identified under paragraph (3); and
            (4) an explanation of any organizational or other changes to 
        the Air Force carried out to address such physiological 
        episodes.

    (c) Covered Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
aircraft'' means--
            (1) F-35A aircraft of the Air Force;
            (2) T-6A aircraft of the Air Force; and
            (3) any other aircraft of the Air Force as determined by the 
        Secretary of the Air Force.
SEC. 244. REPORT ON DEFENSE INNOVATION UNIT EXPERIMENTAL.

    Not later than May 1, 2019, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on Defense Innovation Unit Experimental (in this 
section referred to as the ``Unit''). Such a report shall include the 
following:
            (1) The integration of the Unit into the broader Department 
        of Defense research and engineering community to coordinate and 
        de-conflict activities of the Unit with similar activities of 
        the military departments, Defense Agencies, Department of 
        Defense laboratories, the Defense Advanced Research Project 
        Agency, the Small Business Innovation Research Program, and 
        other entities.
            (2) The metrics used to measure the effectiveness of the 
        Unit and the results of these metrics.
            (3) The number and types of transitions by the Unit to the 
        military departments or fielded to the warfighter.
            (4) The impact of the Unit's initiatives, outreach, and 
        investments on Department of Defense access to technology 
        leaders and technology not otherwise accessible to the 
        Department including--
                    (A) identification of--
                          (i) the number of non-traditional defense 
                      contractors with Department of Defense contracts 
                      or other transactions resulting directly from the 
                      Unit's initiatives, investments, or outreach; and
                          (ii) the number of traditional defense 
                      contractors with contracts or other transactions 
                      resulting directly from the Unit's initiatives;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1700]]

                    (B) the number of innovations delivered into the 
                hands of the warfighter; and
                    (C) how the Department is notifying its internal 
                components about participation in the Unit.
            (5) The workforce strategy of the Unit, including whether 
        the Unit has appropriate personnel authorities to attract and 
        retain talent with technical and business expertise.
            (6) How the Department of Defense is documenting and 
        institutionalizing lessons learned and best practices of the 
        Unit to alleviate the systematic problems with technology access 
        and timely contract or other transaction execution.
            (7) An assessment of management and bureaucratic challenges 
        to the effective and efficient execution of the Unit's missions, 
        especially with respect to contracting and personnel management.
SEC. 245. MODIFICATION OF FUNDING CRITERIA UNDER HISTORICALLY 
                        BLACK COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES AND 
                        MINORITY INSTITUTIONS PROGRAM.

    Section 2362(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Priority'' and 
        inserting ``Criteria''; and
            (2) by striking ``give priority in providing'' and inserting 
        ``limit''.
SEC. 246. REPORT ON OA-X LIGHT ATTACK AIRCRAFT APPLICABILITY TO 
                        PARTNER NATION SUPPORT.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on the OA-X light attack aircraft experiment and how the program 
incorporates partner nation requirements.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall include a 
description of--
            (1) how the OA-X light attack experiment will support 
        partner nations' low-cost counter terrorism light attack 
        capability;
            (2) the extent to which the attributes of affordability, 
        interoperability, sustainability, and simplicity of maintenance 
        and operations are included in the requirements for the OA-X; 
        and
            (3) how Federal Aviation Administration certification and a 
        reasonable path for military type certifications for commercial 
        derivative aircraft are factored into foreign military sales for 
        a partner nation.
SEC. 247. REPORTS ON COMPARATIVE CAPABILITIES OF ADVERSARIES IN 
                        KEY TECHNOLOGY AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination 
with the Director of the Defense Intelligence Agency, submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a set of classified reports that set 
forth a direct comparison between the capabilities of the United States 
in emerging technology areas and the capabilities of adversaries of the 
United States in such areas.
    (b) Elements.--The reports required by subsection (a) shall include, 
for each technology area covered, the following:
            (1) An evaluation of spending by the United States and 
        adversaries on such technology.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1701]]

            (2) An evaluation of the quantity and quality of research on 
        such technology.
            (3) An evaluation of the test infrastructure and workforce 
        supporting such technology.
            (4) An assessment of the technological progress of the 
        United States and adversaries on such technology.
            (5) Descriptions of timelines for operational deployment of 
        such technology.
            (6) An assessment of the intent or willingness of 
        adversaries to use such technology.

    (c) Technical Areas.--The Secretary shall ensure that the reports 
submitted under subsection (a) cover the following:
            (1) Hypersonics.
            (2) Artificial intelligence.
            (3) Quantum information science.
            (4) Directed energy weapons.
            (5) Such other emerging technical areas as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

    (d) Coordination.--The Secretary shall prepare the reports in 
coordination with other appropriate officials of the intelligence 
community and with such other partners in the technology areas covered 
by the reports as the Secretary considers appropriate.
    (e) Appropriate Committees of Congress Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
            (1) the Committee on Armed Services and the Select Committee 
        on Intelligence of the Senate; and
            (2) the Committee on Armed Services and the Permanent Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the House of Representatives.
SEC. 248. REPORT ON ACTIVE PROTECTION SYSTEMS FOR ARMORED COMBAT 
                        AND TACTICAL VEHICLES.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Army shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on technologies related to active protection 
systems (APS) for armored combat and tactical vehicles.
    (b) Contents.--The report required by subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) With respect to the active protection systems that the 
        Army has recently tested on the M1A2 Abrams, the M2A3 Bradley, 
        and the STRYKER, the following:
                    (A) An assessment of the effectiveness of such 
                systems.
                    (B) Plans of the Secretary to further test such 
                systems.
                    (C) Proposals for future development of such 
                systems.
                    (D) A timeline for fielding such systems.
            (2) Plans for how the Army will incorporate active 
        protection systems into new armored combat and tactical vehicle 
        designs, such as Mobile Protection Firepower (MPF), Armored 
        Multi-Purpose Vehicle (AMPV), and Next Generation Combat Vehicle 
        (NGCV).
SEC. 249. NEXT GENERATION COMBAT VEHICLE.

    (a) Prototype.--The Secretary of the Army shall take appropriate 
actions to ensure that all necessary resources are planned

[[Page 132 STAT. 1702]]

and programmed for accelerated prototyping, component development, 
testing, or acquisition for the Next Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV).
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives a report on the development of 
        the Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
            (2) Analysis.--
                    (A) In general.--The report required by paragraph 
                (1) shall include a thorough analysis of the 
                requirements of the Next Generation Combat Vehicle.
                    (B) Relevance to national defense strategy.--In 
                carrying out subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                ensure that the requirements are relevant to the most 
                recently published National Defense Strategy.
                    (C) Threats and terrain.--The Secretary shall ensure 
                that the analysis includes consideration of threats and 
                terrain.
                    (D) Component technologies.--The Secretary shall 
                ensure that the analysis includes consideration of the 
                latest enabling component technologies developed by the 
                Tank Automotive, Research, Development, Engineering 
                Center of the Army that have the potential to 
                dramatically change basic combat vehicle design and 
                improve lethality, protection, mobility, range, and 
                sustainment.

    (c) Limitation.--Of the funds authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by section 201 and available for research, development, 
testing, and evaluation, Army, for the Next Generation Combat Vehicle, 
not more than 90 percent may be obligated or expended until the 
Secretary submits the report required by subsection (b).
SEC. 250. MODIFICATION OF REPORTS ON MECHANISMS TO PROVIDE FUNDS 
                        TO DEFENSE LABORATORIES FOR RESEARCH AND 
                        DEVELOPMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR MILITARY 
                        MISSIONS.

    Subsection (c) of section 2363 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:
    ``(c) Release and Dissemination of Information on Contributions From 
Use of Authority to Military Missions.--
            ``(1) Collection of information.--The Secretary shall 
        establish and maintain mechanisms for the continuous collection 
        of information on achievements, best practices identified, 
        lessons learned, and challenges arising in the exercise of the 
        authority in this section.
            ``(2) Release of information.--The Secretary shall establish 
        and maintain mechanisms as follows:
                    ``(A) Mechanisms for the release to the public of 
                information on achievements and best practices described 
                in paragraph (1) in unclassified form.
                    ``(B) Mechanisms for dissemination to appropriate 
                civilian and military officials of information on 
                achievements and best practices described in paragraph 
                (1) in classified form.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1703]]

SEC. 251. BRIEFINGS ON MOBILE PROTECTED FIREPOWER AND FUTURE 
                        VERTICAL LIFT PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of the 
Army shall provide a briefing to the Committee on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives on the requirements of the Army for Mobile Protected 
Firepower (MPF) and Future Vertical Lift (FVL).
    (b) Contents.--The briefing provided pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) With respect to the Mobile Protected Firepower program, 
        the following:
                    (A) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower 
                could survive against the effects of anti-armor and 
                anti-aircraft networks established within anti-access, 
                area-denial defenses.
                    (B) An explanation of how Mobile Protected Firepower 
                would improve offensive overmatch against a peer 
                adversary.
                    (C) Details regarding the total number of Mobile 
                Protected Firepower systems needed by the Army.
                    (D) An explanation of how the Mobile Protected 
                Firepower system will be logistically supported within 
                light formations.
                    (E) Plans to integrate active protection systems 
                into the designs of the Mobile Protected Firepower 
                program.
            (2) With respect to the Future Vertical Lift program, the 
        following:
                    (A) An explanation of how Future Vertical Lift could 
                survive against the effects of anti-aircraft networks 
                established within anti-access, area-denial defenses.
                    (B) An explanation of how Future Vertical Lift would 
                improve offensive overmatch against a peer adversary.
                    (C) A review of the doctrine, organization, 
                training, materiel, leadership, education, personnel, 
                and facilities applicable to determine the total number 
                of Future Vertical Lift Capability Set 1 or Future 
                Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft (FARA), required by the 
                Army.
                    (D) An implementation plan for the establishment of 
                Future Vertical Lift, including a timeline for achieving 
                initial and full operational capability.
                    (E) A description of the budget requirements for 
                Future Vertical Lift to reach full operational 
                capability, including an identification and cost of any 
                infrastructure and equipment requirements.
                    (F) A detailed list of all analysis used to 
                determine the priority of Future Vertical Lift and which 
                programs were terminated, extended, de-scoped, or 
                delayed in order to fund Future Vertical Lift Capability 
                Set 1 or Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft in the 
                Future Year's Defense Plan.
                    (G) An assessment of the analysis of alternatives on 
                the Future Vertical Lift Capability Set 3 program.
                    (H) An identification of any additional authorities 
                that may be required for achieving full operational 
                capability of Future Vertical Lift.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1704]]

                    (I) Any other matters deemed relevant by the 
                Secretary.
SEC. 252. IMPROVEMENT OF THE AIR FORCE SUPPLY CHAIN.

    (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics may use funds described in 
subsection (b) as follows:
            (1) For nontraditional technologies and sustainment 
        practices (such as additive manufacturing, artificial 
        intelligence, predictive maintenance, and other software-
        intensive and software-defined capabilities) to--
                    (A) increase the availability of aircraft to the Air 
                Force; and
                    (B) decrease backlogs and lead times for the 
                production of parts for such aircraft.
            (2) To advance the qualification, certification, and 
        integration of additive manufacturing into the Air Force supply 
        chain.
            (3) To otherwise identify and reduce supply chain risk for 
        the Air Force.
            (4) To define workforce development requirements and 
        training for personnel who implement and support additive 
        manufacturing for the Air Force at the warfighter, end-item 
        designer and equipment operator, and acquisition officer levels.

    (b) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by section 201 for research, development, test, and 
evaluation for the Air Force and available for Tech Transition Program 
(Program Element (0604858F)), up to $42,800,000 may be available as 
described in subsection (a).
SEC. 253. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2001 note prec.>>  REVIEW OF GUIDANCE ON 
                        BLAST EXPOSURE DURING TRAINING.

    (a) Initial Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review the decibel 
level exposure, concussive effects exposure, and the frequency of 
exposure to heavy weapons fire of an individual during training 
exercises to establish appropriate limitations on such exposures.
    (b) Elements.--The review required by subsection (a) shall take into 
account current data and evidence on the cognitive effects of blast 
exposure and shall include consideration of the following:
            (1) The impact of exposure over multiple successive days of 
        training.
            (2) The impact of multiple types of heavy weapons being 
        fired in close succession.
            (3) The feasibility of cumulative annual or lifetime 
        exposure limits.
            (4) The minimum safe distance for observers and instructors.

    (c) Updated Training Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the completion of the review under subsection (a), each 
Secretary of a military department shall update any relevant training 
guidance to account for the conclusions of the review.
    (d) Updated Review.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than two years after the initial 
        review conducted under subsection (a), and not later than two 
        years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
        updated review under such subsection, including consideration

[[Page 132 STAT. 1705]]

        of the matters set forth under subsection (b), and update 
        training guidance under subsection (c).
            (2) Consideration of new research and evidence.--Each 
        updated review conducted under paragraph (1) shall take into 
        account new research and evidence that has emerged since the 
        previous review.

    (e) Briefing Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall brief the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives on a summary of the results of the initial review under 
subsection (a), each updated review conducted under subsection (d), and 
any updates to training guidance and procedures resulting from any such 
review or updated review.
SEC. 254. COMPETITIVE ACQUISITION STRATEGY FOR BRADLEY FIGHTING 
                        VEHICLE TRANSMISSION REPLACEMENT.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall develop a 
strategy to competitively procure a new transmission for the Bradley 
Fighting Vehicle family of vehicles.
    (b) Additional Strategy Requirements.--The plan required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following:
            (1) An analysis of the potential cost savings and 
        performance improvements associated with developing or procuring 
        a new transmission common to the Bradley Fighting Vehicle family 
        of vehicles, including the Armored Multipurpose Vehicle and the 
        Paladin Integrated Management artillery system.
            (2) A plan to use full and open competition as required by 
        the Federal Acquisition Regulation.

    (c) Timeline.--Not later than February 15, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Army shall submit to the congressional defense committees the 
strategy developed under subsection (a).
    (d) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by this Act for Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, 
Army, may be obligated or expended to procure a Bradley Fighting Vehicle 
replacement transmission until the date that is 30 days after the date 
on which the Secretary of the Army submits to the congressional defense 
committees the plan required by subsection (a).
SEC. 255. INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRONIC WARFARE PLANS AND 
                        PROGRAMS.

    (a) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
        enter into an agreement with the private scientific advisory 
        group known as ``JASON'' to perform the services covered by this 
        section.
            (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into the 
        agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 120 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) Independent Assessment.--Under an agreement between the 
Secretary and JASON under this section, JASON shall--
            (1) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
        doctrine of the Department of Defense related to the electronic 
        warfare mission area and electromagnetic spectrum operations;
            (2) assess the strategies, programs, order of battle, and 
        doctrine of potential adversaries, such as China, Iran, and the 
        Russian Federation, related to the same;
            (3) develop recommendations for improvements to the 
        strategies, programs, and doctrine of the Department of Defense

[[Page 132 STAT. 1706]]

        in order to enable the United States to achieve and maintain 
        superiority in the electromagnetic spectrum in future conflicts; 
        and
            (4) develop recommendations for the Secretary, Congress, and 
        such other Federal entities as JASON considers appropriate, 
        including recommendations for--
                    (A) closing technical, policy, or resource gaps;
                    (B) improving cooperation and appropriate 
                integration within the Department of Defense entities;
                    (C) improving cooperation between the United States 
                and other countries and international organizations as 
                appropriate; and
                    (D) such other important matters identified by JASON 
                that are directly relevant to the strategies of the 
                Department of Defense described in paragraph (3).

    (c) Liaisons.--The Secretary shall appoint appropriate liaisons to 
JASON to support the timely conduct of the services covered by this 
section.
    (d) Materials.--The Secretary shall provide access to JASON to 
materials relevant to the services covered by this section, consistent 
with the protection of sources and methods and other critically 
sensitive information.
    (e) Clearances.--The Secretary shall ensure that appropriate members 
and staff of JASON have the necessary clearances, obtained in an 
expedited manner, to conduct the services covered by this section.
    (f) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on--
            (1) the findings of JASON with respect to the assessments 
        carried out under subsection (b); and
            (2) the recommendations developed by JASON pursuant to such 
        subsection.

    (g) Alternate Contract Scientific Organization.--
            (1) In general.--If the Secretary is unable within the 
        period prescribed in paragraph (2) of subsection (a) to enter 
        into an agreement described in paragraph (1) of such subsection 
        with JASON on terms acceptable to the Secretary, the Secretary 
        shall seek to enter into such agreement with another appropriate 
        scientific organization that--
                    (A) is not part of the government; and
                    (B) has expertise and objectivity comparable to that 
                of JASON.
            (2) Treatment.--If the Secretary enters into an agreement 
        with another organization as described in paragraph (1), any 
        reference in this section to JASON shall be treated as a 
        reference to the other organization.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 312. Further improvements to energy security and resilience.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1707]]

Sec. 313. Use of proceeds from sales of electrical energy derived from 
           geothermal resources for projects at military installations 
           where resources are located.
Sec. 314. Operational energy policy.
Sec. 315. Funding of study and assessment of health implications of per- 
           and polyfluoroalkyl substances contamination in drinking 
           water by agency for toxic substances and disease registry.
Sec. 316. Extension of authorized periods of permitted incidental 
           takings of marine mammals in the course of specified 
           activities by Department of Defense.
Sec. 317. Department of Defense environmental restoration programs.
Sec. 318. Joint study on the impact of wind farms on weather radars and 
           military operations.
Sec. 319. Core sampling at Joint Base San Antonio, Texas.
Sec. 320. Production and use of natural gas at Fort Knox, Kentucky.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 321. Authorizing use of working capital funds for unspecified minor 
           military construction projects related to revitalization and 
           recapitalization of defense industrial base facilities.
Sec. 322. Examination of Navy vessels.
Sec. 323. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
           vessels.
Sec. 324. Temporary modification of workload carryover formula.
Sec. 325. Limitation on use of funds for implementation of elements of 
           master plan for redevelopment of Former Ship Repair Facility 
           in Guam.
Sec. 326. Business case analysis for proposed relocation of J85 Engine 
           Regional Repair Center.
Sec. 327. Report on pilot program for micro-reactors.
Sec. 328. Limitation on modifications to Navy Facilities Sustainment, 
           Restoration, and Modernization structure and mechanism.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 331. Reports on readiness.
Sec. 332. Matters for inclusion in quarterly reports on personnel and 
           unit readiness.
Sec. 333. Annual Comptroller General reviews of readiness of Armed 
           Forces to conduct full spectrum operations.
Sec. 334. Surface warfare training improvement.
Sec. 335. Report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
           certifications.
Sec. 336. Report on depot-level maintenance and repair.
Sec. 337. Report on wildfire suppression capabilities of active and 
           reserve components.
Sec. 338. Report on relocation of steam turbine production from Nimitz-
           class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class and 
           Columbia-class submarines.
Sec. 339. Report on Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training production, 
           resourcing, and locations.
Sec. 340. Report on Air Force airfield operational requirements.
Sec. 341. Report on Navy surface ship repair contract costs.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 351. Coast Guard representation on explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Transportation to continental United States of retired 
           military working dogs outside the continental United States 
           that are suitable for adoption in the United States.
Sec. 353. Scope of authority for restoration of land due to mishap.
Sec. 354. Repurposing and reuse of surplus Army firearms.
Sec. 355. Study on phasing out open burn pits.
Sec. 356. Notification requirements relating to changes to uniform of 
           members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 357. Reporting on future years budgeting by subactivity group.
Sec. 358. Limitation on availability of funds for service-specific 
           Defense Readiness Reporting Systems.
Sec. 359. Prioritization of environmental impacts for facilities 
           sustainment, restoration, and modernization demolition.
Sec. 360. Sense of Congress relating to Soo Locks, Sault Sainte Marie, 
           Michigan.
Sec. 361. U.S. Special Operations Command Civilian Personnel.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1708]]

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 
for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, for 
operation and maintenance, as specified in the funding table in section 
4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States Code, as 
amended by section 851, is further amended by inserting after section 
2283, as added by such section 851, the following new section:
``SEC. 2284. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2284.>>  EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL 
                          DEFENSE PROGRAM.

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out a 
program to be known as the `Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program' 
(in this section referred to as the `Program') under which the Secretary 
shall ensure close and continuous coordination between military 
departments on matters relating to explosive ordnance disposal support 
for commanders of geographic and functional combatant commands.
    ``(b) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--The plan under 
subsection (a) shall include provisions under which--
            ``(1) the Secretary of Defense shall--
                    ``(A) assign the responsibility for the direction, 
                coordination, integration of the Program within the 
                Department of Defense to an Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense;
                    ``(B) the Assistant Secretary of Defense to whom 
                responsibility is assigned under paragraph (1) shall 
                serve as the key individual for the Program responsible 
                for developing and overseeing policy, plans, programs, 
                and budgets, and issuing guidance and providing 
                direction on Department of Defense explosive ordnance 
                disposal activities;
                    ``(C) designate the Secretary of the Navy, or a 
                designee of the Secretary's choice, as the executive 
                agent for the Department of Defense responsible for 
                providing oversight of the joint program executive 
                officer who coordinates and integrates joint 
                requirements for explosive ordnance disposal and carries 
                out joint research, development, test, and evaluation 
                and procurement activities on behalf of the military 
                departments and combatant commands with respect to 
                explosive ordnance disposal;
                    ``(D) designate a combat support agency to exercise 
                fund management responsibility of the Department of 
                Defense-wide program element for explosive ordnance 
                disposal research, development, test, and evaluation, 
                transactions other than contracts, cooperative 
                agreements, and grants related to section 2371 of this 
                title during research projects including rapid 
                prototyping and limited procurement urgent activities, 
                and acquisition; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1709]]

                    ``(E) designate an Army explosive ordnance disposal-
                qualified general officer from the combat support agency 
                designated under subparagraph (D) to serve as the 
                Chairman of the Department of Defense explosive ordnance 
                disposal defense program board; and
            ``(2) the Secretary of each military department shall assess 
        the needs of the military department concerned with respect to 
        explosive ordnance disposal and may carry out research, 
        development, test, and evaluation activities, including other 
        transactions and procurement activities to address military 
        department unique needs such as weapon systems, manned and 
        unmanned vehicles and platforms, cyber and communication 
        equipment, and the integration of explosive ordnance disposal 
        sets, kits and outfits and explosive ordnance disposal tools, 
        equipment, sets, kits, and outfits developed by the department.

    ``(c) Annual Budget Justification Documents.--
            ``(1) For fiscal year 2021 and each fiscal year thereafter, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress with the 
        defense budget materials a consolidated budget justification 
        display, in classified and unclassified form, that includes all 
        of activities of the Department of Defense relating to the 
        Program.
            ``(2) The budget display under paragraph (1) for a fiscal 
        year shall include a single program element for each of the 
        following:
                    ``(A) Civilian and military pay.
                    ``(B) Research, development, test, and evaluation.
                    ``(C) Procurement.
                    ``(D) Other transaction agreements.
                    ``(E) Military construction.
            ``(3) The budget display shall include funding data for each 
        of the military department's respective activities related to 
        explosive ordnance disposal, including--
                    ``(A) operation and maintenance; and
                    ``(B) overseas contingency operations.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2281 prec.>>  Clerical Amendment.--The table of 
sections at the beginning of such chapter, as amended by section 851, is 
further amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2283, as 
added by such section 851, the following new section:

``2284. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.''.

SEC. 312. FURTHER IMPROVEMENTS TO ENERGY SECURITY AND RESILIENCE.

    (a) Energy Policy Authority.--Section 2911(b) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), and (3) as 
        paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
        the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) establish metrics and standards for the assessment of 
        energy resilience;
            ``(2) require the Secretary of a military department to 
        perform mission assurance and readiness assessments of energy 
        power systems for mission critical assets and supporting 
        infrastructure, applying uniform mission standards established 
        by the Secretary of Defense;''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1710]]

    (b) Reporting on Energy Security and Resilience Goals.--Section 
2911(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The Secretary of Defense shall include the energy security and 
resilience goals of the Department of Defense in the installation energy 
report submitted under section 2925(a) of this title for fiscal year 
2018 and every fiscal year thereafter. In the development of energy 
security and resilience goals, the Department of Defense shall conform 
with the definitions of energy security and resilience under this title. 
The report shall include the amount of critical energy load, together 
with the level of availability and reliability by fiscal year the 
Department of Defense deems necessary to achieve energy security and 
resilience.''.
    (c) Reporting on Installations Energy Management, Energy Resilience, 
and Mission Assurance.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, including progress on energy resilience 
        at military installations according to metrics developed by the 
        Secretary'' after ``under section 2911 of this title'';
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking ``the mission requirements 
        associated with disruption tolerances based on risk to mission'' 
        and inserting ``the downtimes (in minutes or hours) these 
        missions can afford based on their mission requirements and risk 
        tolerances'';
            (3) in paragraph (4), by inserting ``(including critical 
        energy loads in megawatts and the associated downtime tolerances 
        for critical energy loads)'' after ``energy requirements and 
        critical energy requirements'';
            (4) by redesignating paragraph (5) as paragraph (7); and
            (5) by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(5) A list of energy resilience projects awarded by the 
        Department of Defense by military department and military 
        installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed for 
        the reporting fiscal year, including project description, award 
        date, the critical energy requirements serviced (including 
        critical energy loads in megawatts), expected reliability of the 
        project (as indicated in the awarded contract), life cycle 
        costs, savings to investment, fuel type, and the type of 
        appropriation or alternative financing used.
            ``(6) A list of energy resilience projects planned by the 
        Department of Defense by military department and military 
        installation, whether appropriated or alternative financed for 
        the next two fiscal years, including project description, fuel 
        type, expected award date, and the type of appropriation or 
        alternative financing expected for use.''.

    (d) Inclusion of Energy Security and Resilience as Priorities in 
Contracts for Energy or Fuel for Military Installations.--Section 
2922a(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(d) The Secretary concerned shall ensure energy security and 
resilience are prioritized and included in the provision and operation 
of energy production facilities under this section.''.
    (e) Conveyance Authority for Utility Systems.--Section 2688 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d)(2), by adding at the end the 
        following: ``The business case analysis must also demonstrate 
        how a

[[Page 132 STAT. 1711]]

        privatized system will operate in a manner consistent with 
        subsection (g)(3).''; and
            (2) in subsection (g)(3)--
                    (A) by striking ``may require'' and inserting 
                ``shall require''; and
                    (B) by striking ``consistent with energy resilience 
                requirements and metrics'' and inserting ``consistent 
                with energy resilience and cybersecurity requirements 
                and associated metrics''.

    (f) Modification of Energy Resilience Definition.--Section 101(e)(6) 
of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking ``task critical 
assets and other''.
    (g) Authority To Accept Energy Performance Financial Incentives From 
State and Local Governments.--Section 2913(c) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by inserting ``a State or local government'' after 
``generally available from''.
    (h) Use of Energy Cost Savings To Implement Energy Resilience and 
Energy Conservation Construction Projects.--Section 2912(b)(1) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended by inserting ``, including energy 
resilience and energy conservation construction projects,'' after 
``energy security measures''.
    (i) Additional Basis for Preservation of Property in the Vicinity of 
Military Installations in Agreements With Non-Federal Entities on Use of 
Such Property.--Section 2684a(a)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(B)'' and inserting ``(B)(i)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end of the following new clause:
                    ``(ii) maintains or improves military installation 
                resilience; or''.
SEC. 313. USE OF PROCEEDS FROM SALES OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY DERIVED 
                        FROM GEOTHERMAL RESOURCES FOR PROJECTS AT 
                        MILITARY INSTALLATIONS WHERE RESOURCES ARE 
                        LOCATED.

    Subsection (b) of section 2916 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Proceeds'' and inserting 
        ``Except as provided in paragraph (3), proceeds''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(3) In the case of proceeds from a sale of electrical energy 
generated from any geothermal energy resource--
            ``(A) 50 percent shall be credited to the appropriation 
        account described in paragraph (1); and
            ``(B) 50 percent shall be deposited in a special account in 
        the Treasury established by the Secretary concerned which shall 
        be available, for military construction projects described in 
        paragraph (2) or for installation energy or water security 
        projects directly coordinated with local area energy or 
        groundwater governing authorities, for the military installation 
        in which the geothermal energy resource is located.''.
SEC. 314. OPERATIONAL ENERGY POLICY.

    (a) In General.--Section 2926 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d) as 
        subsections (c), (d), (e), (f), respectively;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1712]]

            (2) by inserting before subsection (c), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (1), the following new subsections:

    ``(a) Operational Energy Policy.--In carrying out section 2911(a) of 
this title, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure the types, 
availability, and use of operational energy promote the readiness of the 
armed forces for their military missions.
    ``(b) Authorities.--The Secretary of Defense may--
            ``(1) require the Secretary of a military department or the 
        commander of a combatant command to assess the energy 
        supportability of systems, capabilities, and plans;
            ``(2) authorize the use of energy security, cost of backup 
        power, and energy resilience as factors in the cost-benefit 
        analysis for procurement of operational equipment; and
            ``(3) in selecting equipment that will use operational 
        energy, give favorable consideration to the acquisition of 
        equipment that enhances energy security, energy resilience, 
        energy conservation, and reduces logistical vulnerabilities.''; 
        and
            (3) in subsection (c), as redesignated by subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Alternative Fuel Activities'' and inserting 
                ``Functions of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
                Energy, Installations, and Environment'';
                    (B) by striking ``heads of the military departments 
                and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering'' and inserting ``heads of the appropriate 
                Department of Defense components'';
                    (C) in paragraph (1), by striking ``lead the 
                alternative fuel activities'' and inserting ``oversee 
                the operational energy activities'';
                    (D) in paragraph (2), by striking ``regarding the 
                development of alternative fuels by the military 
                departments and the Office of the Secretary of Defense'' 
                and inserting ``regarding the policies and investments 
                that affect the use of operational energy across the 
                Department of Defense'';
                    (E) in paragraph (3), by striking ``prescribe policy 
                to streamline the investments in alternative fuel 
                activities across the Department of Defense'' and 
                inserting ``recommend to the Secretary policy to improve 
                warfighting capability through energy security and 
                energy resilience''; and
                    (F) in paragraph (5), by striking ``subsection 
                (c)(4)'' and inserting ``subsection (e)(4)''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--(1) Section 2925(b)(1) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2926(b)'' and 
inserting ``section 2926(d)''.
    (2) Section 1061(c)(55) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note) is amended 
by striking ``Section 2926(c)(4)'' and inserting ``Section 2926(e)(4)''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1713]]

SEC. 315. FUNDING OF STUDY AND ASSESSMENT OF HEALTH IMPLICATIONS 
                        OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES 
                        CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER BY AGENCY 
                        FOR TOXIC SUBSTANCES AND DISEASE REGISTRY.

    (a) Funding.--Paragraph (2) of section 316(a) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
amended to read as follows:
            ``(2) Funding.--
                    ``(A) Source of funds.--The study and assessment 
                performed pursuant to this section may be paid for using 
                funds authorized to be appropriated to the Department of 
                Defense under the heading `Operation and Maintenance, 
                Defense-Wide'.
                    ``(B) Transfer authority.--(i) Of the amounts 
                authorized to be appropriated for the Department of 
                Defense for fiscal year 2018, not more than $10,000,000 
                shall be transferred by the Secretary of Defense, 
                without regard to section 2215 of title 10, United 
                States Code, to the Secretary of Health and Human 
                Services to pay for the study and assessment required by 
                this section.
                    ``(ii) Without regard to section 2215 of title 10, 
                United States Code, the Secretary of Defense may 
                transfer not more than $10,000,000 a year during fiscal 
                years 2019 and 2020 to the Secretary of Health and Human 
                Services to pay for the study and assessment required by 
                this section.
                    ``(C) Expenditure authority.--Amounts transferred to 
                the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall be used 
                to carry out the study and assessment under this section 
                through contracts, cooperative agreements, or grants. In 
                addition, such funds may be transferred by the Secretary 
                of Health and Human Services to other accounts of the 
                Department for the purposes of carrying out this 
                section.
                    ``(D) Relationship to other transfer authorities.--
                The transfer authority provided under this paragraph is 
                in addition to any other transfer authority available to 
                the Department of Defense.''.

    (b) Report to Congress on Department of Defense Assessment and 
Remediation Plan.--Not later than 180 days after the date on which the 
Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency establishes a 
maximum contaminant level for per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) 
contamination in drinking water in a national primary drinking water 
regulation under section 1412 of the Safe Drinking Water Act (42 U.S.C. 
300g-1), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report containing a plan to--
            (1) assess any contamination at Department of Defense 
        installations and surrounding communities that may have occurred 
        from PFAS usage by the Department of Defense;
            (2) identify any remediation actions the Department plans to 
        undertake using the maximum contaminant level established by the 
        Environmental Protection Agency;
            (3) provide an estimate of the cost of such remediation and 
        a schedule for accomplishing such remediation; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1714]]

            (4) provide an assessment of past expenditures by local 
        water authorities to address contamination before the 
        Environmental Protection Agency established a maximum 
        contaminant level and an estimate of the cost to reimburse 
        communities that remediated water to a level not greater than 
        such level.

    (c) Assessment of Health Effects of PFAS Exposure.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall conduct an assessment of the human health implications of 
PFAS exposure. Such assessment shall include--
            (1) a meta-analysis that considers the current scientific 
        evidence base linking the health effects of PFAS on individuals 
        who served as members of the Armed Forces and were exposed to 
        PFAS at military installations;
            (2) an estimate of the number of members of the Armed Forces 
        and veterans who may have been exposed to PFAS while serving in 
        the Armed Forces;
            (3) the development of a process that would facilitate the 
        transfer between the Department of Defense and the Department of 
        Veterans Affairs of health information of individuals who served 
        in the Armed Forces and may have been exposed to PFAS during 
        such service; and
            (4) a description of the amount of funding that would be 
        required to administer a potential registry of individuals who 
        may have been exposed to PFAS while serving in the Armed Forces.
SEC. 316. EXTENSION OF AUTHORIZED PERIODS OF PERMITTED INCIDENTAL 
                        TAKINGS OF MARINE MAMMALS IN THE COURSE OF 
                        SPECIFIED ACTIVITIES BY DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    Section 101(a)(5)(A) of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (16 
U.S.C. 1371(a)(5)(A)) is amended--
            (1) in clause (i), by striking ``Upon request'' and 
        inserting ``Except as provided by clause (ii), upon request'';
            (2) by redesignating clauses (ii) and (iii) as clauses (iii) 
        and (iv), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting after clause (i) the following new clause 
        (ii):

    ``(ii) In the case of a military readiness activity (as defined in 
section 315(f) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 16 U.S.C. 703 note), clause (i) 
shall be applied--
            ``(I) in the matter preceding clause (I), by substituting 
        `seven consecutive years' for `five consecutive years'; and
            ``(II) in clause (I), by substituting `seven-year' for 
        `five-year'.''.
SEC. 317. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION 
                        PROGRAMS.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) The Department of Defense has identified nearly 39,500 
        sites that fall under the installation restoration program sites 
        and munitions response sites.
            (2) The installation response program addresses 
        contamination from hazardous substances, pollutants, or 
        contaminants and active military installations, formerly used 
        defense site properties, and base realignment and closure 
        locations in the United States.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1715]]

            (3) Munitions response sites are known or suspected to 
        contain unexploded ordnance, discarded military munitions, or 
        munitions constitutes are addressed through the military 
        munitions response program.
            (4) The installation restoration program sites and munitions 
        response sites have had significant impacts on state and local 
        governments that have had to bear the increased costs of 
        environmental degradation, notably groundwater contamination, 
        and local populations that have had to live with the 
        consequences of contaminated drinking, including increased 
        health concerns and decreasing property values.
            (5) Through the end of fiscal year 2017, the Department of 
        Defense had achieved response complete at 86 percent of 
        installation restoration program sites and munitions response 
        sites, but projects that it will fall short of meeting its goal 
        of 90 percent by the end of fiscal year 2018.
            (6) The fiscal year 2019 budget request for environmental 
        restoration and base realignment and closure amounted to nearly 
        $1,318,320,000, a decrease of $53,429,000 from the amount 
        authorized in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91).

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the environmental restoration and base realignment and 
        closure programs are important for the protection of the 
        environment, the health of the military and civilian personnel 
        and their families who live and work on military installations, 
        to ensure that current and legacy military operations do not 
        adversely affect the health or environments of surrounding 
        communities;
            (2) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
        seek to reduce the financial burden on state and local 
        government who are bearing significant costs of cleanup stemming 
        from defense related activities;
            (3) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
        expedite and streamline cleanup at locations where contamination 
        is having a direct impact on civilian access to clean drinking 
        water;
            (4) the Department of Defense and the Armed Forces should 
        continue to engage with and help allay local community concerns 
        about the safety of the drinking water due to environmental 
        degradation caused by defense related activities; and
            (5) the Department of Defense should seek opportunities to 
        accelerate environmental restoration efforts where feasible, to 
        include programming additional resources for response actions, 
        investing in technology solutions that may expedite response 
        actions, improving contracting procedures, increasing 
        contracting capacity, and seeking opportunities for partnerships 
        and other cooperative approaches.
SEC. 318. JOINT STUDY ON THE IMPACT OF WIND FARMS ON WEATHER 
                        RADARS AND MILITARY OPERATIONS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter into an 
arrangement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to 
conduct a study on how to improve existing National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration and National Weather Service tools to reflect 
the latest data and policies to improve consistency in weather radars, 
with a focus on a research

[[Page 132 STAT. 1716]]

and development and field test evaluation program to validate existing 
mitigation options and develop additional options for weather radar 
impact, in collaboration with the National Weather Service, the 
Department of Energy, and the Federal Aviation Administration, and with 
input from academia and industry.
    (b) Elements.--The study required pursuant to subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) The potential impacts of wind farms on NEXRAD radars and 
        other Federal radars for weather forecasts and warnings used by 
        the Department of Defense, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration, and the National Weather Service.
            (2) Recommendations to reduce, mitigate, or eliminate the 
        potential impacts.
            (3) Recommendations for addressing the impacts to NEXRADs 
        and weather radar due to increasing turbine heights.
            (4) Recommendations to ensure wind farms do not impact the 
        ability of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration 
        and the National Weather Service to warn or forecast hazardous 
        weather.
            (5) The cumulative impacts of multiple wind farms near a 
        single radar on the ability of the National Oceanic and 
        Atmospheric Administration and the National Weather Service to 
        warn or forecast hazardous weather.
            (6) An analysis of whether certain wind turbine projects, 
        based on project layout, turbine orientation, number of 
        turbines, density of turbines, proximity to radar, or turbine 
        height result in greater impacts to the missions of Department 
        of Defense, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
        and the National Weather Service, and if so, how can those 
        projects be better cited to reduce or eliminate NEXRAD impacts.
            (7) Case studies where the Department of Defense, the 
        National Weather Service, and industry have worked together to 
        implement solutions.
            (8) Mitigation options, including software and hardware 
        upgrades, which the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration and the National Weather Service have researched 
        and analyzed, and the results of such research and analysis.
            (9) A review of mitigation research performed to date by the 
        Government and or academia.
            (10) Identification of future research opportunities, 
        requirements, and recommendations for the SENSR program to 
        mitigate energy development.

    (c) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 12 months after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the study conducted 
pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 319. CORE SAMPLING AT JOINT BASE SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS.

    (a) Site Investigation Required.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
shall conduct a core sampling study along the proposed route of the W-6 
wastewater treatment line on Air Force real property, in compliance with 
best engineering practices, to determine if any regulated or hazardous 
substances are present in the soil along the proposed route.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 15 months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Air Force

[[Page 132 STAT. 1717]]

shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report on the results of the core samples 
taken pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 320. PRODUCTION AND USE OF NATURAL GAS AT FORT KNOX, 
                        KENTUCKY.

    (a) Authority.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army is authorized to 
        continue production, treatment, management, and use of the 
        natural gas from covered wells at Fort Knox, without regard to 
        section 3 of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 
        U.S.C. 352), with the limitation that the Secretary of the Army 
        shall comply with the Mineral Leasing Act, Mineral Leasing Act 
        for Acquired Lands, and the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty 
        Management Act, for additional oil or natural gas drilling 
        operations and production activities beyond the production from 
        the covered wells at Fort Knox.
            (2) Contract authority.--The Secretary is authorized to 
        enter into a contract with an appropriate entity to carry out 
        paragraph (1), with the limitation that the authority provided 
        in this section does not affect or authorize any interference 
        with the Muldraugh Gas Storage Facility at Fort Knox.

    (b) Royalties to the State of Kentucky.--
            (1) In general.--In implementing this section--
                    (A) The Secretary of the Interior shall calculate 
                the value of royalty payments, calculated on a calendar 
                year basis beginning on the date of enactment of this 
                section, that the State of Kentucky would have received 
                under the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 
                U.S.C. 352) for future natural gas produced at Fort Knox 
                under the authority of this section as though the 
                natural gas had been produced under the Mineral Leasing 
                Act for Acquired Lands, and provide the calculation to 
                the Secretary of the Army.
                    (B) Upon request of the Secretary of the Interior, 
                the Secretary of the Army or its contractor shall 
                promptly provide all information, documents, or other 
                materials the Secretary of the Interior deems necessary 
                to conduct this calculation.
                    (C) The Secretary of the Army shall pay to the 
                Treasury of the United States the value of royalty 
                calculated under this section upon receipt of the 
                calculation from the Secretary of the Interior.
                    (D) The Secretary of the Interior shall disburse the 
                sums collected from the Secretary of the Army pursuant 
                to this paragraph to the State of Kentucky as though the 
                funds were being disbursed to the State under section 6 
                of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands (30 U.S.C. 
                355) no later than 6 months after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act.
                    (E) Regardless of the value of the royalty payments 
                calculated under subparagraph (A), in no case may the 
                amount of the sums disbursed under subparagraph (D) for 
                any calendar year exceed $49,000.
            (2) Waiver authority.--The Governor of Kentucky may waive 
        paragraph (1) by providing written notice to the Secretary of 
        the Interior to that effect.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1718]]

    (c) Ownership of Facilities.--The Secretary of the Army may take 
ownership of any gas production and treatment equipment and facilities 
and associated infrastructure from an entity with which the Secretary 
has entered into a contract under subsection (a) in accordance with the 
terms of the contract. The Secretary of the Interior shall have no 
responsibility for the plugging and abandonment of the covered wells at 
Fort Knox, the reclamation of the covered wells at Fort Knox, or any 
environmental damage caused or associated with the production of the 
covered wells at Fort Knox.
    (d) Applicability.--The authority of the Secretary of the Army under 
this section is effective as of August 2, 2007.
    (e) Limitation on Uses.--Any natural gas produced under the 
authority of this section may be used only to support energy security 
and energy resilience at Fort Knox. For purposes of this section, energy 
security and energy resilience include maintaining and continuing to 
produce natural gas from the covered wells at Fort Knox, and enhancing 
the Fort Knox energy grid through acquisition and maintenance of battery 
storage, loop transmission lines and pipelines, sub-stations, and 
automated circuitry.
    (f) Safety Standards for Gas Wells.--The covered wells at Fort Knox 
shall meet the same technical installation and operating standards that 
they would have had to meet had they been installed under a lease 
pursuant to the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands. Such standards 
include the gas measurement requirements in the Federal Oil and Gas 
Royalty Management Act and the operational standards in the Onshore Oil 
and Gas Operating and Production regulations issued by the Bureau of 
Land Management. The Bureau of Land Management shall inspect and enforce 
the Army's and its contractor's compliance with the standards of the 
Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, the Federal Oil and Gas Royalty 
Management Act, and the Bureau of Land Management Onshore Oil and Gas 
Operating and Production regulations.
    (g) Covered Wells at Fort Knox.--In this section, the term ``covered 
wells at Fort Knox'' means the 26 wells located at Fort Knox, Kentucky, 
as of the date of the enactment of this Act.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 321. AUTHORIZING USE OF WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS FOR UNSPECIFIED 
                        MINOR MILITARY CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS 
                        RELATED TO REVITALIZATION AND 
                        RECAPITALIZATION OF DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL 
                        BASE FACILITIES.

    Section 2208 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(u) Use for Unspecified Minor Military Construction Projects to 
Revitalize and Recapitalize Defense Industrial Base Facilities.--(1) The 
Secretary of a military department may use a working capital fund of the 
department under this section to carry out an unspecified minor military 
construction project under section 2805 for the revitalization and 
recapitalization of a defense industrial base facility owned by the 
United States and under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1719]]

    ``(2) Section 2805 shall apply with respect to a project carried out 
with a working capital fund under the authority of this subsection in 
the same manner as such section applies to any unspecified minor 
military construction project under section 2805.
    ``(3) In this subsection, the term `defense industrial base 
facility' means any Department of Defense depot, arsenal, shipyard, or 
plant located within the United States.
    ``(4) The authority to use a working capital fund to carry out a 
project under the authority of this subsection expires on September 30, 
2023.''.
SEC. 322. EXAMINATION OF NAVY VESSELS.

    (a) Notice of Examinations.--Subsection (a) of section 7304 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``The Secretary'' and inserting ``(1) The 
        Secretary''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2)(A) Except as provided in subparagraph (B), any naval vessel 
examined under this section on or after January 1, 2020, shall be 
examined with minimal notice provided to the crew of the vessel.
    ``(B) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to a vessel undergoing 
necessary trials before acceptance into the fleet.''.
    (b) Annual Report.--Such section is further amended by adding at the 
end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Annual Report.--(1) Not later than March 1 each year, the 
board designated under subsection (a) shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report setting forth the following:
            ``(A) An overall narrative summary of the material readiness 
        of Navy ships as compared to established material requirements 
        standards.
            ``(B) The overall number and types of vessels inspected 
        during the preceding fiscal year.
            ``(C) For in-service vessels, material readiness trends by 
        inspected functional area as compared to the previous five 
        years.

    ``(2) Each report under this subsection shall be submitted in an 
unclassified form that is releasable to the public without further 
redaction.
    ``(3) No report shall be required under this subsection after 
October 1, 2021.''.
SEC. 323. LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD DEPLOYMENT OF 
                        NAVAL VESSELS.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 633 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 7320. <<NOTE: 10 USC 7320.>>  Limitation on length of 
                  overseas forward deployment of naval vessels

    ``(a) Limitation.--The Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that no 
naval vessel specified in subsection (b) that is listed in the Naval 
Vessel Register is forward deployed overseas for a period in excess of 
ten years. At the end of a period of overseas forward deployment, the 
vessel shall be assigned a homeport in the United States.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1720]]

    ``(b) Vessels Specified.--A naval vessel specified in this 
subsection is any of the following:
            ``(1) Aircraft carrier.
            ``(2) Amphibious ship.
            ``(3) Cruiser.
            ``(4) Destroyer.
            ``(5) Frigate.
            ``(6) Littoral Combat Ship.

    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Navy may waive the limitation 
under subsection (a) with respect to a naval vessel if the Secretary 
submits to the congressional defense committees notice in writing of--
            ``(1) the waiver of such limitation with respect to the 
        vessel;
            ``(2) the date on which the period of overseas forward 
        deployment of the vessel is expected to end; and
            ``(3) the factors used by the Secretary to determine that a 
        longer period of deployment would promote the national defense 
        or be in the public interest.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 7291 prec.>>  is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new section:

``7320. Limitation on length of overseas forward deployment of naval 
           vessels.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 7320 note.>>  Treatment of Currently Deployed 
Vessels.--In the case of any naval vessel that has been forward deployed 
overseas for a period in excess of ten years as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall ensure that such 
vessel is assigned a homeport in the United States by not later than 
three years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (c) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2020, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on the plan of the 
Secretary for the rotation of forward deployed naval vessels.
SEC. 324. TEMPORARY MODIFICATION OF WORKLOAD CARRYOVER FORMULA.

    During the period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act 
and ending on September 30, 2021, in carrying out chapter 9, volume 2B 
(relating to Instructions for the Preparation of Exhibit Fund-11a 
Carryover Reconciliation) of Department of Defense regulation 7000.14-R, 
entitled ``Financial Management Regulation (FMR)'', in addition to any 
other applicable exemptions, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
with respect to each military department depot or arsenal, outlay 
rates--
            (1) reflect the timing of when during a fiscal year 
        appropriations have historically funded workload; and
            (2) account for the varying repair cycle times of the 
        workload supported.
SEC. 325. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        ELEMENTS OF MASTER PLAN FOR REDEVELOPMENT 
                        OF FORMER SHIP REPAIR FACILITY IN GUAM.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for the Navy for fiscal year 2019 may be obligated or expended 
for any construction, alteration, repair, or development

[[Page 132 STAT. 1721]]

of the real property consisting of the Former Ship Repair Facility in 
Guam.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation under subsection (a) does not apply 
to any project that directly supports depot-level ship maintenance 
capabilities, including the mooring of a floating dry dock.
    (c) Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam.--In this section, the term 
``Former Ship Repair Facility in Guam'' means the property identified by 
that name under the base realignment and closure authority carried out 
under the Defense Base Closure and Realignment Act of 1990 (part A of 
title XXIX of Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2687 note).
SEC. 326. BUSINESS CASE ANALYSIS FOR PROPOSED RELOCATION OF J85 
                        ENGINE REGIONAL REPAIR CENTER.

    (a) Business Case Analysis.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
prepare a business case analysis on the proposed relocation of the J85 
Engine Regional Repair Center. Such analysis shall include each of the 
following:
            (1) An overview of each alternative considered for the J85 
        Engine Regional Repair Center.
            (2) The one-time and annual costs associated with each such 
        alternative.
            (3) The effect of each such alternative on workload 
        capacity, capability, schedule, throughput, and costs.
            (4) The effect of each such alternative on Government-
        furnished parts, components, and equipment, including mitigation 
        strategies to address known limitations to T38 production 
        throughput, especially such limitations caused by Government-
        furnished parts, equipment, or transportation.
            (5) The effect of each such alternative on the transition of 
        the Air Force to the T-X training aircraft.
            (6) A detailed rationale for the selection of an alternative 
        considered as part of the business case analysis under this 
        section.

    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds for Relocation.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act, or otherwise made available 
for the Air Force, may be obligated or expended for any action to 
relocate the J85 Engine Regional Repair Center until the date that is 
150 days after the date on which the Secretary of the Air Force provides 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a briefing on the business case analysis required by 
subsection (a).
SEC. 327. REPORT ON PILOT PROGRAM FOR MICRO-REACTORS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 12 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall develop and submit to the 
Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Energy and Commerce in 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources in the Senate a report 
describing the requirements for, and components of, a pilot program to 
provide resilience for critical national security infrastructure at 
Department of Defense facilities with high energy intensity and 
currently expensive utility rates and Department of Energy facilities by 
contracting with a commercial entity to site, construct, and operate at 
least one licensed micro-reactor at a facility identified under the 
report by December 31, 2027.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1722]]

    (b) Consultation.--As necessary to develop the report required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall consult with--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense;
            (2) the Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and
            (3) the Administrator of the General Services 
        Administration.

    (c) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
            (1) identification of potential locations to site, 
        construct, and operate a micro-reactor at a Department of 
        Defense or Department of Energy facility that contains critical 
        national security infrastructure that the Secretary determines 
        may not be energy resilient;
            (2) assessments of different nuclear technologies to provide 
        energy resiliency for critical national security infrastructure;
            (3) a survey of potential commercial stakeholders with which 
        to enter into a contract under the pilot program to construct 
        and operate a licensed micro-reactor;
            (4) options to enter into long-term contracting, including 
        various financial mechanisms for such purpose;
            (5) identification of requirements for micro-reactors to 
        provide energy resilience to mission-critical functions at 
        facilities identified under paragraph (1);
            (6) an estimate of the costs of the pilot program;
            (7) a timeline with milestones for the pilot program;
            (8) an analysis of the existing authority of the Department 
        of Energy and Department of Defense to permit the siting, 
        construction, and operation of a micro-reactor; and
            (9) recommendations for any legislative changes to the 
        authorities analyzed under paragraph (8) necessary for the 
        Department of Energy and the Department of Defense to permit the 
        siting, construction, and operation of a micro-reactor.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``critical national security infrastructure'' 
        means any site or installation that the Secretary of Energy or 
        the Secretary of Defense determines supports critical mission 
        functions of the national security enterprise.
            (2) The term ``licensed'' means holding a license under 
        section 103 or 104 of the Atomic Energy Act of 1954.
            (3) The term ``micro-reactor'' means a nuclear reactor that 
        has a power production capacity that is not greater than 50 
        megawatts.
            (4) The term ``pilot program'' means the pilot program 
        described in subsection (a).
            (5) The term ``Secretary'' means Secretary of Energy.

    (e) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified appendix.
    (f) Limitations.--This Act does not authorize the Department of 
Energy or Department of Defense to enter into a contract with respect to 
the pilot program.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1723]]

SEC. 328. <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>>  LIMITATION ON MODIFICATIONS 
                        TO NAVY FACILITIES SUSTAINMENT, 
                        RESTORATION, AND MODERNIZATION STRUCTURE 
                        AND MECHANISM.

    The Secretary of the Navy may not make any modification to the 
existing Navy Facilities Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization 
structure or mechanism that would modify duty relationships or 
significantly alter the existing structure until 90 days after providing 
notice of the proposed modification to the congressional defense 
committees.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

SEC. 331. REPORTS ON READINESS.

    (a) Uniform Applicability of Readiness Reporting System.--Subsection 
(b) of section 117 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``and maintaining'' after ``establishing'';
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``reporting system is 
        applied uniformly throughout the Department of Defense'' and 
        inserting ``reporting system and associated policies are applied 
        uniformly throughout the Department of Defense, including 
        between and among the joint staff and each of the armed 
        forces'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraphs:
            ``(2) that is the single authoritative readiness reporting 
        system for the Department, and that there shall be no military 
        service specific systems;
            ``(3) that readiness assessments are accomplished at an 
        organizational level at, or below, the level at which forces are 
        employed;
            ``(4) that the reporting system include resources 
        information, force posture, and mission centric capability 
        assessments, as well as predicted changes to these 
        attributes;''; and
            (5) in paragraph (5), as redesignated by paragraph (3) of 
        this subsection, by inserting ``, or element of a unit,'' after 
        ``readiness status of a unit''.

    (b) Capabilities of Readiness Reporting System.--Such section is 
further amended in subsection (c)--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``Measure, on a monthly basis, the 
                capability of units'' and inserting ``Measure the 
                readiness of units''; and
                    (B) by striking ``conduct their assigned wartime 
                missions'' and inserting ``conduct their designed and 
                assigned missions'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
                inserting ``Measure''; and
                    (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
                ``designed and assigned missions'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking ``Measure, on an annual basis,'' and 
                inserting ``Measure''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1724]]

                    (B) by striking ``wartime missions'' and inserting 
                ``designed and assigned missions'';
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``Measure, on a monthly 
        basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
            (5) in paragraph (5), by striking ``Measure, on an annual 
        basis,'' and inserting ``Measure'';
            (6) by striking paragraphs (6) and (8) and redesignating 
        paragraph (7) as paragraph (6); and
            (7) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``Measure, on a quarterly basis,'' and inserting ``Measure''.

    (c) Semi-annual and Monthly Joint Readiness Reviews.--Such section 
is further amended in subsection (d)(1)(A) by inserting ``, which 
includes a validation of readiness data currency and accuracy'' after 
``joint readiness review''.
    (d) Quarterly Report on Change in Current State of Unit Readiness.--
Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Quarterly Report on Monthly Changes in Current State of 
Readiness of Units.--For each quarter that begins after the date of the 
enactment of this subsection and ends on or before September 30, 2023, 
the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report on each monthly upgrade or downgrade of the current state of 
readiness of a unit that was issued by the commander of a unit during 
the previous quarter, together with the rationale of the commander for 
the issuance of such upgrade or downgrade.''.
    (e) Annual Report to Congress on Operational Contract Support.--Such 
section is further amended by inserting after the new subsection (f), as 
added by subsection (d)(2) of this section, the following new 
subsection:
    ``(g) Annual Report on Operational Contract Support.--The Secretary 
shall each year submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
in writing containing the results of the most recent annual measurement 
of the capability of operational contract support to support current and 
anticipated wartime missions of the armed forces. Each such report shall 
be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.''.
    (f) Regulations.--Such section is further amended in subsection (h), 
as redesignated by subsection (d)(1) of this section, by striking 
``prescribe the units that are subject to reporting in the readiness 
reporting system, what type of equipment is subject to such reporting'' 
and inserting ``prescribe the established information technology system 
for Department of Defense reporting, specifically authorize exceptions 
to a single-system architecture, and identify the organizations, units, 
and entities that are subject to reporting in the readiness reporting 
system, what organization resources are subject to such reporting''.
    (g) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section heading.--Such section is further amended in the 
        section heading by striking ``: establishment; reporting to 
        congressional committees''.
            (2) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 2 <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 prec.>>  is amended by 
        striking the item relating to section 117 and inserting the 
        following new item:

``117. Readiness reporting system.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1725]]

SEC. 332. MATTERS FOR INCLUSION IN QUARTERLY REPORTS ON PERSONNEL 
                        AND UNIT READINESS.

    Section 482 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(1), by inserting after ``deficiency'' 
        the following: ``in the ground, sea, air, space, and cyber 
        forces, and in such other such areas as determined by the 
        Secretary of Defense,''; and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Assigned Mission'';
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3);
                    (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) as paragraph 
                (3); and
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) A report for the second or fourth quarter of a 
        calendar year under this section shall also include an 
        assessment by each commander of a geographic or functional 
        combatant command of the readiness of the command to conduct 
        operations in a multidomain battle that integrates ground, air, 
        sea, space, and cyber forces.''.
SEC. 333. ANNUAL COMPTROLLER GENERAL REVIEWS OF READINESS OF ARMED 
                        FORCES TO CONDUCT FULL SPECTRUM 
                        OPERATIONS.

    (a) Reviews Required.--For each of calendar years 2018 through 2021, 
the Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct an annual 
review of the readiness of the Armed Forces to conduct each of the 
following types of full spectrum operations:
            (1) Ground.
            (2) Sea.
            (3) Air.
            (4) Space.
            (5) Cyber.

    (b) Elements of Review.--In conducting a review under subsection 
(a), the Comptroller General shall--
            (1) use standard methodology and reporting formats in order 
        to show changes over time;
            (2) evaluate, using fiscal year 2017 as the base year of 
        analysis--
                    (A) force structure;
                    (B) the ability of major operational units to 
                conduct operations; and
                    (C) the status of equipment, manning, and training; 
                and
            (3) provide reasons for any variances in readiness levels, 
        including changes in funding, availability in parts, training 
        opportunities, and operational demands.

    (c) Metrics.--For purposes of the reviews required by this section, 
the Secretary of Defense shall identify and establish metrics for 
measuring readiness for the operations covered by subsection (a). In the 
first review conducted under this section, the Comptroller General shall 
evaluate and determine the validity of such metrics.
    (d) Access to Relevant Data.--For purposes of this section, the 
Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the Comptroller General has 
access to all relevant data, including--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1726]]

            (1) any assessments of the ability of the Department of 
        Defense and the Armed Forces to execute operational and 
        contingency plans;
            (2) any internal Department readiness and force structure 
        assessments; and
            (3) the readiness databases of the Department and the Armed 
        Forces.

    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Annual report.--Not later than February 28, 2019, and 
        annually thereafter until 2022, the Comptroller General shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
        House of Representatives an annual report on the review 
        conducted under subsection (a) for the year preceding the year 
        during which the report is submitted.
            (2) Additional reports.--At the discretion of the 
        Comptroller General, the Comptroller General may submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives additional reports addressing specific mission 
        areas within the operations covered by subsection (a) in order 
        to provide an independent assessment of readiness in the areas 
        of equipping, mapping, and training.
SEC. 334. SURFACE WARFARE TRAINING IMPROVEMENT.

    (a) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
            (1) In 2017, there were three collisions and one grounding 
        involving United States Navy ships in the Western Pacific. The 
        two most recent mishaps involved separate incidents of a Japan-
        based United States Navy destroyer colliding with a commercial 
        merchant vessel, resulting in the combined loss of 17 sailors.
            (2) The causal factors in these four mishaps are linked 
        directly to a failure to take sufficient action in accordance 
        with the rules of good seamanship.
            (3) Because risks are high in the maritime environment, 
        there are widely accepted standards for safe seamanship and 
        navigation. In the United States, the International Convention 
        on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping 
        (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ``STCW'') for 
        Seafarers, standardizes the skills and foundational knowledge a 
        maritime professional must have in seamanship and navigation.
            (4) Section 568 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2139) 
        endorsed the STCW process and required the Secretary of Defense 
        to maximize the extent to which Armed Forces service, training, 
        and qualifications are creditable toward meeting merchant 
        mariner licenses and certifications.
            (5) The Surface Warfare Officer Course Curriculum is being 
        modified to include ten individual Go/No Go Mariner Assessments/
        Competency Check Milestones to ensure standardization and 
        quality of the surface warfare community.
            (6) The Military-to-Mariner Transition report of September 
        2017 notes the Army maintains an extensive STCW qualifications 
        program and that a similar Navy program does not exist.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Secretary of the Navy should establish a 
        comprehensive individual proficiency assessment process and 
        include such

[[Page 132 STAT. 1727]]

        an assessment prior to all operational surface warfare officer 
        tour assignments; and
            (2) the Secretary of the Navy should significantly expand 
        the STCW qualifications process to improve seamanship and 
        navigation individual skills training for surface warfare 
        candidates, surface warfare officers, quartermasters and 
        operations specialists to include an increased set of courses 
        that directly correspond to STCW standards.

    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of the Navy 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes each of the following:
            (1) A detailed description of the surface warfare officer 
        assessments process.
            (2) A list of programs that have been approved for credit 
        toward merchant mariner credentials.
            (3) A complete gap analysis of the existing surface warfare 
        training curriculum and STCW.
            (4) A complete gap analysis of the existing surface warfare 
        training curriculum and the 3rd mate unlimited licensing 
        requirement.
            (5) An assessment of surface warfare options to complete the 
        3rd mate unlimited license and the STCW qualification.
SEC. 335. REPORT ON OPTIMIZING SURFACE NAVY VESSEL INSPECTIONS AND 
                        CREW CERTIFICATIONS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to 
Congress a report on optimizing surface Navy vessel inspections and crew 
certifications to reduce the burden of inspection type visits that 
vessels undergo. Such report shall include--
            (1) an audit of all surface Navy vessel inspections, 
        certifications, and required and recommended assist visits;
            (2) an analysis of such inspections, certifications, and 
        visits for redundancies, as well as any necessary items not 
        covered;
            (3) recommendations to streamline surface vessel 
        inspections, certifications, and required and recommended assist 
        visits to optimize effectiveness, improve material readiness, 
        and restore training readiness; and
            (4) recommendations for congressional action to address the 
        needs of the Navy as identified in the report.

    (b) Congressional Briefing.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall provide to the Senate Committee on Armed 
Services and the House Committee on Armed Services an interim briefing 
on the matters to be included in the report required by subsection (a).
SEC. 336. REPORT ON DEPOT-LEVEL MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR.

    The Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the heads of each of 
the military departments and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on labor 
hours and depot maintenance, which shall include--
            (1) the amount of public and private funding of depot-level 
        maintenance and repair (as defined in section 2460 of title 10 
        United States Code) for the Department of Defense,

[[Page 132 STAT. 1728]]

        Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Special Operations Command, 
        and any other unified command identified by the Secretary, 
        expressed by commodity group by percentage and actual numbers in 
        terms of dollars and direct labor hours;
            (2) within each category of depot level maintenance and 
        repair for each entities, the amount of the subset of depot 
        maintenance workload that meets the description under section 
        2464 of title 10, United States Code, that is performed in the 
        public and private sectors by direct labor hours and by dollars;
            (3) of the subset referred to in paragraph (2), the amount 
        of depot maintenance workload performed in the public and 
        private sector by direct labor hour and by dollars for each 
        entity that would otherwise be considered core workload under 
        such section 2464, but is not considered core because a weapon 
        system or equipment has not been declared a program of record; 
        and
            (4) the projections for the upcoming future years defense 
        program, including the distinction between the Navy and the 
        Marine Corps for the Department of the Navy, as well as any 
        unified command, including the Special Operations Command.
SEC. 337. REPORT ON WILDFIRE SUPPRESSION CAPABILITIES OF ACTIVE 
                        AND RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that wildfires 
endanger national security.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
on the wildfire suppression capabilities within the active and reserve 
components of the Armed Forces, including the Modular Airborne Fire 
Fighting System Program, and interagency cooperation with the Forest 
Service and the Department of the Interior.
SEC. 338. REPORT ON RELOCATION OF STEAM TURBINE PRODUCTION FROM 
                        NIMITZ-CLASS AND FORD-CLASS AIRCRAFT 
                        CARRIERS AND VIRGINIA-CLASS AND COLUMBIA-
                        CLASS SUBMARINES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics and the Assistant 
Secretary of the Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition, shall 
develop and submit to Congress a report describing the potential impacts 
on national defense and the manufacturing base resulting from 
contractors or subcontractors relocating steam turbine production for 
Nimitz-class and Ford-class aircraft carriers and Virginia-class and 
Columbia-class submarines. Such report shall address each of the 
following:
            (1) The overall risk of moving production on the national 
        security of the United States, including the likelihood of 
        production delay or reduction in quality of steam turbines.
            (2) The impact on national security from a delay in 
        production of aircraft carriers and submarines.
            (3) The impacts on regional suppliers the current production 
        of steam turbines draw on and their ability to perform other 
        contracts should a relocation happen.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1729]]

            (4) The impact on the national industrial and manufacturing 
        base and loss of a critically skilled workforce resulting from a 
        relocation of production.
            (5) The risk of moving production on total cost of the 
        acquisition.
SEC. 339. REPORT ON SPECIALIZED UNDERGRADUATE PILOT TRAINING 
                        PRODUCTION, RESOURCING, AND LOCATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of the 
Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on existing Specialized Undergraduate Pilot Training (SUPT) production, 
resourcing, and locations.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) A description of the strategy of the Air Force for 
        utilizing existing SUPT locations to produce the number of 
        pilots the Air Force requires.
            (2) The number of pilots that each SUPT location has 
        graduated, by year, over the previous 5 fiscal years.
            (3) The forecast number of pilots that each SUPT location 
        will produce for fiscal year 2019.
            (4) The maximum production capacity of each SUPT location.
            (5) The extent to which existing SUPT installations are 
        operating at maximum capacity in terms of pilot production.
            (6) A cost estimate of the resources required for each SUPT 
        location to reach maximum production capacity.
            (7) A determination as to whether increasing production 
        capacity at existing SUPT locations will satisfy the Air Force's 
        SUPT requirement.
            (8) A timeline and cost estimation of establishing a new 
        SUPT location.
            (9) A discussion of whether the Air Force plans to operate 
        existing SUPT installations at maximum capacity over the future 
        years defense program.
            (10) A business case analysis comparing the establishment of 
        a new SUPT location to increasing production capacity at 
        existing SUPT locations.
SEC. 340. REPORT ON AIR FORCE AIRFIELD OPERATIONAL REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall conduct an assessment and submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report detailing the operational 
requirements for Air Force airfields.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An assessment of the state of airfields where runway 
        degradation currently poses a threat to operations and airfields 
        where such degradation threatens operations in the next five and 
        ten years.
            (2) A description of the operational requirements for 
        airfields, including an assessment of the impact to operations, 
        cost to repair, cost to replace, remaining useful life, and the 
        required daily maintenance to ensure runways are acceptable for 
        full operations.
            (3) A description of any challenges with infrastructure 
        acquisition methods and processes.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1730]]

            (4) An assessment of the operational impact in the event a 
        runway were to become inoperable due to a major degradation 
        incident, such as a crack or fracture resulting from lack of 
        maintenance and repair.
            (5) A plan to address any shortfalls associated with the Air 
        Force's runway infrastructure.

    (c) Form.--The report required under subsection (a) shall be in 
unclassified form but may contain a classified annex as necessary.
SEC. 341. REPORT ON NAVY SURFACE SHIP REPAIR CONTRACT COSTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 120 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on Navy surface ship repair 
contract costs.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include, for each private sector maintenance availability for a 
conventionally-powered Navy surface ship for the prior two completed 
fiscal years, the following elements:
            (1) Name of the ship.
            (2) Location of the availability.
            (3) Prime contractor performing the availability.
            (4) Date of the contract award.
            (5) Type of contract used, such as firm-fixed-price or cost-
        plus-fixed-fee.
            (6) Solicitation number.
            (7) Number of offers received in response to the 
        solicitation.
            (8) Contract target cost at the date of contract award.
            (9) Contract ceiling cost of the contract at the date of 
        contract award.
            (10) Duration of the availability in days, including start 
        and end dates, at the date of contract award.
            (11) Final contract cost.
            (12) Final delivery cost.
            (13) Actual duration of the availability in days, including 
        start and end dates.
            (14) Description of growth work that was added after the 
        contract award, including the associated cost.
            (15) Explanation of why the growth work described in 
        paragraph (14) was not included in the scope of work associated 
        with the original contract award.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 351. COAST GUARD REPRESENTATION ON EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.

    Section 172(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``and Marine Corps'' and inserting ``Marine 
        Corps, and Coast Guard''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``When 
        the Coast Guard is not operating as a service in the Department 
        of the Navy, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall appoint an 
        officer of the Coast Guard to serve as a voting member of the 
        board.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1731]]

SEC. 352. TRANSPORTATION TO CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES OF RETIRED 
                        MILITARY WORKING DOGS OUTSIDE THE 
                        CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES THAT ARE 
                        SUITABLE FOR ADOPTION IN THE UNITED 
                        STATES.

    Section 2583(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3)(A) In the case of a military working dog located outside the 
continental United States at the time of retirement that is suitable for 
adoption at that time, the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall undertake transportation of the dog to the continental 
United States (including transportation by contract at United States 
expense) for adoption under this section unless--
            ``(i) the dog is adopted as described in paragraph (2)(A); 
        or
            ``(ii) transportation of the dog to the continental United 
        States would not be in the best interests of the dog for medical 
        reasons.

    ``(B) Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to alter the 
preference in adoption of retired military working dogs for former 
handlers as set forth in subsection (g).''.
SEC. 353. SCOPE OF AUTHORITY FOR RESTORATION OF LAND DUE TO 
                        MISHAP.

    Subsection (e) of section 2691 of title 10, United States Code, as 
added by section 2814 of the Military Construction Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (division B of Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1849), is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) The authority under paragraphs (1) and (2) includes activities 
and expenditures necessary to complete restoration to meet the 
regulations of the Federal department or agency with administrative 
jurisdiction over the affected land, which may be different than the 
regulations of the Department of Defense.''.
SEC. 354. REPURPOSING AND REUSE OF SURPLUS ARMY FIREARMS.

    Section 348(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1365) <<NOTE: 10 USC 4681 note 
prec.>>  is amended by inserting ``shredded or'' before ``melted and 
repurposed''.
SEC. 355. STUDY ON PHASING OUT OPEN BURN PITS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report 
that includes--
            (1) details of any ongoing use of open burn pits; and
            (2) the feasibility of phasing out the use of open burn pits 
        by using technology incinerators.

    (b) Open Burn Pit Defined.--In this section, the term ``open burn 
pit'' means an area of land--
            (1) that is designated by the Secretary of Defense to be 
        used for disposing solid waste by burning in the outdoor air; 
        and
            (2) does not contain a commercially manufactured incinerator 
        or other equipment specifically designed and manufactured for 
        the burning of solid waste.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1732]]

SEC. 356. <<NOTE: 10 USC 771 note prec.>>  NOTIFICATION 
                        REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CHANGES TO 
                        UNIFORM OF MEMBERS OF THE UNIFORMED 
                        SERVICES.

    (a) DLA Notification.--The Secretary of a military department shall 
notify the Commander of the Defense Logistics Agency of any plan to 
implement a change to any uniform or uniform component of a member of 
the uniformed services. Such notification shall be made not less than 
three years prior to the implementation of such change.
    (b) Contractor Notification.--The Commander of the Defense Logistics 
Agency shall notify a contractor when one of the uniformed services 
plans to make a change to a uniform component that is provided by that 
contractor. Such a notification shall be made not less than 12 months 
prior to any announcement of a public solicitation for the manufacture 
of the new uniform component.
    (c) Waiver.--If the Secretary of a military department or the 
Commander of the Defense Logistics Agency determines that the 
notification requirement under subsection (a) would adversely affect 
operational safety, force protection, or the national security interests 
of the United States, the Secretary or the Commander may waive such 
requirement.
SEC. 357. <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 note.>>  REPORTING ON FUTURE YEARS 
                        BUDGETING BY SUBACTIVITY GROUP.

    Along with the budget for each fiscal year submitted by the 
President pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 31, United States Code, 
the Secretary of Defense and the Secretaries of the military departments 
shall include in the OP-5 Justification Books, as detailed by Department 
of Defense Financial Management Regulation 7000.14-R, the amount for 
each individual subactivity group, as detailed in the Department's 
future years defense program pursuant to section 221 of title 10, United 
States Code.
SEC. 358. <<NOTE: 10 USC 117 note.>>  LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY 
                        OF FUNDS FOR SERVICE-SPECIFIC DEFENSE 
                        READINESS REPORTING SYSTEMS.

    (a) Limitation.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2019 for research, development, test, and evaluation or 
procurement, and available to develop service-specific Defense Readiness 
Reporting Systems (referred to in this section as ``DRRS'') may be made 
available for such purpose except for required maintenance and in order 
to facilitate the transition to DRRS-Strategic (referred to in this 
section as ``DRRS-S'').
    (b) Plan.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under Secretary for 
Personnel and Readiness shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a resource and funding plan to include a schedule with 
relevant milestones on the elimination of service-specific DRRS and the 
migration of the military services and other organizations to DRRS-S.
    (c) Transition.--The military services shall complete the transition 
to DRRS-S not later than October 1, 2019. The Secretary of Defense shall 
notify the congressional defense committees upon the complete transition 
of the services.
    (d) Reporting Requirement.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary for Personnel and 
        Readiness, the Under Secretary for Acquisition and Sustainment, 
        and the Under Secretary for Research and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1733]]

        Engineering, in coordination with the Secretaries of the 
        military departments and other organizations with relevant 
        technical expertise, shall establish a working group including 
        individuals with expertise in application or software 
        development, data science, testing, and development and 
        assessment of performance metrics to assess the current process 
        for collecting, analyzing, and communicating readiness data, and 
        develop a strategy for implementing any recommended changes to 
        improve and establish readiness metrics using the current DRRS-
        Strategic platform.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include--
                    (A) identification of modern tools, methods, and 
                approaches to readiness to more effectively and 
                efficiently collect, analyze, and make decision based on 
                readiness data; and
                    (B) consideration of cost and schedule.
            (3) Submission to congress.--Not later than February 1, 
        2020, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees the assessment conducted pursuant to 
        paragraph (1).

    (e) Defense Readiness Reporting Requirements.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, the Secretary of Defense shall meet defense readiness 
reporting requirements consistent with the recommendations of the 
working group established under subsection (d)(1).
SEC. 359. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2661 note.>>  PRIORITIZATION OF 
                        ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS FOR FACILITIES 
                        SUSTAINMENT, RESTORATION, AND 
                        MODERNIZATION DEMOLITION.

    The Secretary of Defense shall establish prioritization metrics for 
facilities deemed eligible for demolition within the Facilities 
Sustainment, Restoration, and Modernization (FSRM) process. Those 
metrics shall include full spectrum readiness and environmental impacts, 
including the removal of contamination.
SEC. 360. SENSE OF CONGRESS RELATING TO SOO LOCKS, SAULT SAINTE 
                        MARIE, MICHIGAN.

    It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the Soo Locks in Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan, are of 
        critical importance to the national security of the United 
        States;
            (2) the Soo Locks are the only waterway connection from Lake 
        Superior to the Lower Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway;
            (3) only the Poe Lock is of sufficient size to allow for the 
        passage of the largest cargo vessels that transport well over 90 
        percent of all iron ore mined in the United States, and this 
        lock is nearing the end of its 50-year useful lifespan;
            (4) a report issued by the Office of Cyber and 
        Infrastructure Analysis of the Department of Homeland Security 
        concluded that an unscheduled 6-month outage of the Poe Lock 
        would cause--
                    (A) a dramatic increase in national and regional 
                unemployment; and
                    (B) 75 percent of Great Lakes steel production, and 
                nearly all North American appliance, automobile, 
                railcar, and construction, farm, and mining equipment 
                production to cease;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1734]]

            (5) the Corps of Engineers is reevaluating a past economic 
        evaluation report to update the benefit-to-cost ratio for 
        building a new lock at the Soo Locks; and
            (6) the Secretary of the Army and all relevant Federal 
        agencies should--
                    (A) expedite the completion of the report described 
                in paragraph (5) and ensure the analysis adequately 
                reflects the critical importance of the Soo Locks 
                infrastructure to the national security and economy of 
                the United States; and
                    (B) expedite all other necessary reviews, analysis, 
                and approvals needed to speed the required upgrades at 
                the Soo Locks.
SEC. 361. U.S. SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND CIVILIAN PERSONNEL.

    Notwithstanding section 143 of title 10, United States Code, of the 
funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act for Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-wide for United States Special Operations Command 
civilian personnel, not less than $4,000,000 shall be used to fund 
additional civilian personnel in or directly supporting the office of 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-
Intensity Conflict to support the Assistant Secretary in fulfilling the 
additional responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary that were added 
by the amendments to sections 138(b)(4), 139b, and 167 of title 10, 
United States Code, made by section 922 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328).

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions in permanent active duty end strength minimum 
           levels.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for reserves on active duty in support of the 
           reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
           duty for operational support.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty personnel 
as of September 30, 2019, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 487,500.
            (2) The Navy, 335,400.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 186,100.
            (4) The Air Force, 329,100.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1735]]

SEC. 402. REVISIONS IN PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                        LEVELS.

    Section 691(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking paragraphs (1) through (4) and inserting the following new 
paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 487,500.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 335,400.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 186,100.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 329,100.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for 
Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of September 30, 
2019, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 343,500.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 199,500.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 59,100.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 107,100.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,000.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.

    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed by 
subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve component shall 
be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units organized to 
        serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such component which 
        are on active duty (other than for training) at the end of the 
        fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of such 
        component who are on active duty (other than for training or for 
        unsatisfactory participation in training) without their consent 
        at the end of the fiscal year.

    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual members of 
the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are released from active 
duty during any fiscal year, the end strength prescribed for such fiscal 
year for the Selected Reserve of such reserve component shall be 
increased proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such 
units and by the total number of such individual members.
SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF 
                        THE RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the reserve 
components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of September 30, 2019, 
the following number of Reserves to be serving on full-time active duty 
or full-time duty, in the case of members of the National Guard, for the 
purpose of organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or 
training the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,386.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,110.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,261.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 19,861.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1736]]

            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 3,849.
SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    The minimum number of military technicians (dual status) as of the 
last day of fiscal year 2019 for the reserve components of the Army and 
the Air Force (notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States 
Code) shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United States, 
        22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United States, 15,861.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 8,880.
SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2019, the maximum number of members of the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving at any time on 
full-time operational support duty under section 115(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby authorized to 
be appropriated for fiscal year 2019 for the use of the Armed Forces and 
other activities and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, 
not otherwise provided for, for military personnel, as specified in the 
funding table in section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in subsection (a) supersedes any other authorization of 
appropriations (definite or indefinite) for such purpose for fiscal year 
2019.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Repeal of requirement for ability to complete 20 years of 
           service by age 62 as qualification for original appointment 
           as a regular commissioned officer.
Sec. 502. Enhancement of availability of constructive service credit for 
           private sector training or experience upon original 
           appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Standardized temporary promotion authority across the military 
           departments for officers in certain grades with critical 
           skills.
Sec. 504. Authority for promotion boards to recommend officers of 
           particular merit be placed higher on a promotion list.
Sec. 505. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
           consideration.
Sec. 506. Applicability to additional officer grades of authority for 
           continuation on active duty of officers in certain military 
           specialties and career tracks.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1737]]

Sec. 507. Alternative promotion authority for officers in designated 
           competitive categories of officers.
Sec. 508. Attending Physician to the Congress.
Sec. 509. Matters relating to satisfactory service in grade for purposes 
           of retirement grade of officers in highest grade of 
           satisfactory service.
Sec. 510. Grades of Chiefs of Chaplains.
Sec. 511. Repeal of original appointment qualification requirement for 
           warrant officers in the regular Army.
Sec. 512. Reduction in number of years of active naval service required 
           for permanent appointment as a limited duty officer.
Sec. 513. Authority to designate certain reserve officers as not to be 
           considered for selection for promotion.
Sec. 514. GAO review of surface warfare career paths.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 515. Authorized strength and distribution in grade.
Sec. 516. Repeal of prohibition on service on Army Reserve Forces Policy 
           Committee by members on active duty.
Sec. 517. Expansion of personnel subject to authority of the Chief of 
           the National Guard Bureau in the execution of functions and 
           missions of the National Guard Bureau.
Sec. 518. Authority to adjust effective date of promotion in the event 
           of undue delay in extending Federal recognition of promotion.
Sec. 519. National Guard Youth Challenge Program.
Sec. 520. Extension of authority for pilot program on use of retired 
           senior enlisted members of the Army National Guard as Army 
           National Guard recruiters.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Enlistments vital to the national interest.
Sec. 522. Statement of benefits.
Sec. 523. Modification to forms of support that may be accepted in 
           support of the mission of the Defense POW/MIA Accounting 
           Agency.
Sec. 524. Assessment of Navy standard workweek and related adjustments.
Sec. 525. Notification on manning of afloat naval forces.
Sec. 526. Navy watchstander records.
Sec. 527. Qualification experience requirements for certain Navy 
           watchstations.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

Sec. 531. Inclusion of strangulation and suffocation in conduct 
           constituting aggravated assault for purposes of the Uniform 
           Code of Military Justice.
Sec. 532. Punitive article on domestic violence under the Uniform Code 
           of Military Justice.
Sec. 533. Authorities of Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
           Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed 
           Forces.
Sec. 534. Report on feasibility of expanding services of the Special 
           Victims' Counsel to victims of domestic violence.
Sec. 535. Uniform command action form on disposition of unrestricted 
           sexual assault cases involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 536. Standardization of policies related to expedited transfer in 
           cases of sexual assault or domestic violence.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Clarification of expiration of term of appellate military 
           judges of the United States Court of Military Commission 
           Review.
Sec. 542. Security clearance reinvestigation of certain personnel who 
           commit certain offenses.
Sec. 543. Development of oversight plan for implementation of Department 
           of Defense harassment prevention and response policy.
Sec. 544. Oversight of registered sex offender management program.
Sec. 545. Development of resource guides regarding sexual assault for 
           the military service academies.
Sec. 546. Improved crime reporting.
Sec. 547. Report on victims of sexual assault in reports of military 
           criminal investigative organizations.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

Sec. 551. Permanent career intermission program.
Sec. 552. Improvements to Transition Assistance Program.
Sec. 553. Repeal of program on encouragement of postseparation public 
           and community service.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1738]]

Sec. 554. Clarification of application and honorable service 
           requirements under the Troops-to-Teachers Program to members 
           of the Retired Reserve.
Sec. 555. Employment and compensation of civilian faculty members at the 
           Joint Special Operations University.
Sec. 556. Program to assist members of the Armed Forces in obtaining 
           professional credentials.
Sec. 557. Enhancement of authorities in connection with Junior Reserve 
           Officers' Training Corps programs.
Sec. 558. Expansion of period of availability of Military OneSource 
           program for retired and discharged members of the Armed 
           Forces and their immediate families.
Sec. 559. Prohibition on use of funds for attendance of enlisted 
           personnel at senior level and intermediate level officer 
           professional military education courses.

                Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

Sec. 561. Assistance to schools with military dependent students.
Sec. 562. Department of Defense Education Activity policies and 
           procedures on sexual harassment of students of Activity 
           schools.
Sec. 563. Department of Defense Education Activity misconduct database.
Sec. 564. Assessment and report on active shooter threat mitigation at 
           schools located on military installations.

              Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

Sec. 571. Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
           matters.
Sec. 572. Enhancement and clarification of family support services for 
           family members of members of special operations forces.
Sec. 573. Temporary expansion of authority for noncompetitive 
           appointments of military spouses by Federal agencies.
Sec. 574. Improvement of My Career Advancement Account program for 
           military spouses.
Sec. 575. Assessment and report on the effects of permanent changes of 
           station on employment among military spouses.
Sec. 576. Provisional or interim clearances to provide childcare 
           services at military childcare centers.
Sec. 577. Multidisciplinary teams for military installations on child 
           abuse and other domestic violence.
Sec. 578. Pilot program for military families: prevention of child abuse 
           and training on safe childcare practices.
Sec. 579. Assessment and report on small business activities of military 
           spouses on military installations in the United States.

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 581. Atomic veterans service certificate.
Sec. 582. Award of medals or other commendations to handlers of military 
           working dogs.
Sec. 583. Authorization for award of distinguished-service cross to 
           Justin T. Gallegos for acts of valor during Operation 
           Enduring Freedom.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 591. Annual defense manpower requirements report matters.
Sec. 592. Burial of unclaimed remains of inmates at the United States 
           Disciplinary Barracks Cemetery, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Sec. 593. Standardization of frequency of academy visits of the Air 
           Force Academy Board of Visitors with academy visits of boards 
           of other military service academies.
Sec. 594. National Commission on Military, National, and Public Service 
           matters.
Sec. 595. Public availability of top-line numbers of deployed members of 
           the Armed Forces.
Sec. 596. Report on general and flag officer costs.
Sec. 597. Study on active service obligations for medical training with 
           other service obligations for education or training and 
           health professional recruiting.
Sec. 598. Criteria for interment at Arlington National Cemetery.
Sec. 599. Limitation on use of funds pending submittal of report on Army 
           Marketing and Advertising Program.
Sec. 600. Proof of period of military service for purposes of interest 
           rate limitation under the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1739]]

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. REPEAL OF REQUIREMENT FOR ABILITY TO COMPLETE 20 YEARS 
                        OF SERVICE BY AGE 62 AS QUALIFICATION FOR 
                        ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A REGULAR 
                        COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

    (a) Repeal.--Subsection (a) of section 532 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking paragraph (2); and
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (3), (4), and (5) as 
        paragraphs (2), (3), and (4), respectively.

    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Such section is further amended by 
striking subsection (d).
    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 532 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by this section shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this 
Act, and shall apply with respect to original appointments of regular 
commissioned officers of the Armed Forces made on or after that date.
SEC. 502. ENHANCEMENT OF AVAILABILITY OF CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE 
                        CREDIT FOR PRIVATE SECTOR TRAINING OR 
                        EXPERIENCE UPON ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A 
                        COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

    (a) Regular Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 533 of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) 
                and inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
            ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience 
        in a particular officer career field as designated by the 
        Secretary concerned, if such training or experience is directly 
        related to the operational needs of the armed force 
        concerned.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``Except as authorized by the 
                      Secretary concerned in individual cases and under 
                      regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense 
                      in the case of a medical or dental officer, the 
                      amount'' and inserting ``The amount''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``in the grade of major in 
                      the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps or lieutenant 
                      commander in the Navy'' and inserting ``in the 
                      grade of colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
                      Corps or captain in the Navy''.
            (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
        critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such 
        section is further amended--
                    (A) in subsections (a)(2) and (c), by striking ``or 
                (g)''; and
                    (B) by striking subsection (g).

    (b) Reserve Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 12207 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking subparagraph (D) 
                and inserting the following new subparagraph (D):
            ``(D) Additional credit for special training or experience 
        in a particular officer career field as designated by the 
        Secretary

[[Page 132 STAT. 1740]]

        concerned, if such training or experience is directly related to 
        the operational needs of the armed force concerned.''; and
                    (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following new paragraph (3):

    ``(3) The amount of constructive service credit credited to an 
officer under this subsection may not exceed the amount required in 
order for the officer to be eligible for an original appointment as a 
reserve officer of the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps in the grade of 
colonel or as a reserve officer of the Navy in the grade of captain.''.
            (2) Repeal of temporary authority for service credit for 
        critically necessary cyberspace-related experience.--Such 
        section is further amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (e);
                    (B) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
                subsections (e) and (f), respectively; and
                    (C) in subsection (e), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B), by striking ``, (d), or (e)'' and 
                inserting ``or (d)''.
SEC. 503. STANDARDIZED TEMPORARY PROMOTION AUTHORITY ACROSS THE 
                        MILITARY DEPARTMENTS FOR OFFICERS IN 
                        CERTAIN GRADES WITH CRITICAL SKILLS.

    (a) Standardized Temporary Promotion Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 35 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 605 <<NOTE: 10 USC 605.>> . Promotion to certain grades for 
                officers with critical skills: colonel, lieutenant 
                colonel, major, captain; captain, commander, 
                lieutenant commander, lieutenant

    ``(a) In General.--An officer in the grade of first lieutenant, 
captain, major, or lieutenant colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
Corps, or lieutenant (junior grade), lieutenant, lieutenant commander, 
or commander in the Navy, who is described in subsection (b) may be 
temporarily promoted to the grade of captain, major, lieutenant colonel, 
or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or lieutenant, 
lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in the Navy, as applicable, 
under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of the military department 
concerned. Appointments under this section shall be made by the 
President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate.
    ``(b) Covered Officers.--An officer described in this subsection is 
any officer in a grade specified in subsection (a) who--
            ``(1) has a skill in which the armed force concerned has a 
        critical shortage of personnel (as determined by the Secretary 
        of the military department concerned); and
            ``(2) is serving in a position (as determined by the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned) that--
                    ``(A) is designated to be held by a captain, major, 
                lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, 
                or Marine Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, 
                commander, or captain in the Navy, as applicable; and
                    ``(B) requires that an officer serving in such 
                position have the skill possessed by such officer.

    ``(c) Preservation of Position and Status of Officers Appointed.--An 
appointment under this section does not change

[[Page 132 STAT. 1741]]

the position on the active-duty list or the permanent, probationary, or 
acting status of the officer so appointed, prejudice the officer in 
regard to other promotions or appointments, or abridge the rights or 
benefits of the officer.
    ``(d) Board Recommendation Required.--A temporary promotion under 
this section may be made only upon the recommendation of a board of 
officers convened by the Secretary of the military department concerned 
for the purpose of recommending officers for such promotions.
    ``(e) Acceptance and Effective Date of Appointment.--Each 
appointment under this section, unless expressly declined, is, without 
formal acceptance, regarded as accepted on the date such appointment is 
made, and a member so appointed is entitled to the pay and allowances of 
the grade of the temporary promotion under this section from the date 
the appointment is made.
    ``(f) Termination of Appointment.--Unless sooner terminated, an 
appointment under this section terminates--
            ``(1) on the date the officer who received the appointment 
        is promoted to the permanent grade of captain, major, lieutenant 
        colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, or 
        lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or captain in the 
        Navy; or
            ``(2) on the date the officer is detached from a position 
        described in subsection (b)(2), unless the officer is on a 
        promotion list to the permanent grade of captain, major, 
        lieutenant colonel, or colonel in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
        Corps, or lieutenant, lieutenant commander, commander, or 
        captain in the Navy, in which case the appointment terminates on 
        the date the officer is promoted to that grade.

    ``(g) Limitation on Number of Eligible Positions.--An appointment 
under this section may only be made for service in a position designated 
by the Secretary of the military department concerned for the purposes 
of this section. The number of positions so designated may not exceed 
the following:
            ``(1) In the case of the Army--
                    ``(A) as captain, 120;
                    ``(B) as major, 350;
                    ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 200; and
                    ``(D) as colonel, 100.
            ``(2) In the case of the Air Force--
                    ``(A) as captain, 100;
                    ``(B) as major, 325;
                    ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 175; and
                    ``(D) as colonel, 80.
            ``(3) In the case of the Marine Corps--
                    ``(A) as captain, 50;
                    ``(B) as major, 175;
                    ``(C) as lieutenant colonel, 100; and
                    ``(D) as colonel, 50.
            ``(4) In the case of the Navy--
                    ``(A) as lieutenant, 100;
                    ``(B) as lieutenant commander, 325;
                    ``(C) as commander, 175; and
                    ``(D) as captain, 80.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1742]]

            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 35 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 601 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``605. Promotion to certain grades for officers with critical skills: 
           colonel, lieutenant colonel, major, captain; captain, 
           commander, lieutenant commander, lieutenant.''.

    (b) Repeal of Superseded Authority Applicable to Navy Lieutenants.--
            (1) Repeal.--Chapter 544 of title 10 <<NOTE: 10 USC 5721 
        prec.>> , United States Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendments.--The tables of chapters at the 
        beginning of title 10, United States Code, and at the beginning 
        of subtitle C of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 5001 prec.>> , are 
        each amended by striking the item relating to chapter 544.
SEC. 504. AUTHORITY FOR PROMOTION BOARDS TO RECOMMEND OFFICERS OF 
                        PARTICULAR MERIT BE PLACED HIGHER ON A 
                        PROMOTION LIST.

    (a) In General.--Section 616 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g)(1) In selecting the officers to be recommended for promotion, 
a selection board may, when authorized by the Secretary of the military 
department concerned, recommend officers of particular merit, from among 
those officers selected for promotion, to be placed higher on the 
promotion list established by the Secretary under section 624(a)(1) of 
this title.
    ``(2) An officer may be recommended to be placed higher on a 
promotion list under paragraph (1) only if the officer receives the 
recommendation of at least a majority of the members of the board, 
unless the Secretary concerned establishes an alternative requirement. 
Any such alternative requirement shall be furnished to the board as part 
of the guidelines furnished to the board under section 615 of this 
title.
    ``(3) For the officers recommended to be placed higher on a 
promotion list under paragraph (1), the board shall recommend the order 
in which those officers should be placed on the list.''.
    (b) Promotion Selection Board Reports Recommending Officers of 
Particular Merit Be Placed Higher on Promotion List.--Section 617 of 
such title is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) A selection board convened under section 611(a) of this title 
shall, when authorized under section 616(g) of this title, include in 
its report to the Secretary concerned the names of those officers 
recommended by the board to be placed higher on the promotion list and 
the order in which the board recommends that those officers should be 
placed on the list.''.
    (c) Officers of Particular Merit Appearing Higher on Promotion 
List.--Section 624(a)(1) of such title is amended in the first sentence 
by adding at the end ``or based on particular merit, as determined by 
the promotion board''.
SEC. 505. AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS TO OPT OUT OF PROMOTION BOARD 
                        CONSIDERATION.

    (a) Active-Duty List Officers.--Section 619 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1743]]

            ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (e).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(e) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection Board 
Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military department may provide 
that an officer under the jurisdiction of the Secretary may, upon the 
officer's request and with the approval of the Secretary, be excluded 
from consideration by a selection board convened under section 611(a) of 
this title to consider officers for promotion to the next higher grade.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request under 
paragraph (1) if--
            ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
        complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
        assignment of significant value to the Department, or a career 
        progression requirement delayed by the assignment or education;
            ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from 
        consideration is in the best interest of the military department 
        concerned; and
            ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection for 
        promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
        exclusion from consideration.''.

    (b) Reserve Active-Status List Officers.--Section 14301 of such 
title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Previously Selected Officers Not Eligible'' and 
                inserting ``Certain Officers Not''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(6) An officer excluded under subsection (j).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(j) Authority To Allow Officers To Opt Out of Selection Board 
Consideration.--(1) The Secretary of a military department may provide 
that an officer under the jurisdiction of the Secretary may, upon the 
officer's request and with the approval of the Secretary, be excluded 
from consideration by a selection board convened under section 14101(a) 
of this title to consider officers for promotion to the next higher 
grade.
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may only approve a request under 
paragraph (1) if--
            ``(A) the basis for the request is to allow an officer to 
        complete a broadening assignment, advanced education, another 
        assignment of significant value to the Department, or a career 
        progression requirement delayed by the assignment or education;
            ``(B) the Secretary determines the exclusion from 
        consideration is in the best interest of the military department 
        concerned; and
            ``(C) the officer has not previously failed of selection for 
        promotion to the grade for which the officer requests the 
        exclusion from consideration.''.
SEC. 506. APPLICABILITY TO ADDITIONAL OFFICER GRADES OF AUTHORITY 
                        FOR CONTINUATION ON ACTIVE DUTY OF 
                        OFFICERS IN CERTAIN MILITARY SPECIALTIES 
                        AND CAREER TRACKS.

    Section 637a(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1744]]

            (1) by striking ``grade O-4'' and inserting ``grade O-2''; 
        and
            (2) by inserting ``632,'' before ``633,''.
SEC. 507. ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN 
                        DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES OF 
                        OFFICERS.

    (a) Alternative Promotion Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended by adding at the end the following new subchapter:

  ``SUBCHAPTER VI <<NOTE: 10 USC 649a prec.>> --ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION 
AUTHORITY FOR OFFICERS IN DESIGNATED COMPETITIVE CATEGORIES

``Sec.
``649a. Officers in designated competitive categories.
``649b. Selection for promotion.
``649c. Eligibility for consideration for promotion.
``649d. Opportunities for consideration for promotion.
``649e. Promotions.
``649f. Failure of selection for promotion.
``649g. Retirement: retirement for years of service; selective early 
           retirement.
``649h. Continuation on active duty.
``649i. Continuation on active duty: officers in certain military 
           specialties and career tracks.
``649j. Other administrative authorities.
``649k. Regulations.

``Sec. 649a <<NOTE: 10 USC 649a.>> . Officers in designated 
                  competitive categories

    ``(a) Authority To Designate Competitive Categories of Officers.--
Each Secretary of a military department may designate one or more 
competitive categories for promotion of officers under section 621 of 
this title that are under the jurisdiction of such Secretary as a 
competitive category of officers whose promotion, retirement, and 
continuation on active duty shall be subject to the provisions of this 
subchapter.
    ``(b) Limitation on Exercise of Authority.--The Secretary of a 
military department may not designate a competitive category of officers 
for purposes of this subchapter until 60 days after the date on which 
the Secretary submits to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the designation of the 
competitive category. The report on the designation of a competitive 
category shall set forth the following:
            ``(1) A detailed description of officer requirements for 
        officers within the competitive category.
            ``(2) An explanation of the number of opportunities for 
        consideration for promotion to each particular grade, and an 
        estimate of promotion timing, within the competitive category.
            ``(3) An estimate of the size of the promotion zone for each 
        grade within the competitive category.
            ``(4) A description of any other matters the Secretary 
        considered in determining to designate the competitive category 
        for purposes of this subchapter.
``Sec. 649b <<NOTE: 10 USC 649b.>> . Selection for promotion

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, the selection 
for promotion of officers in any competitive category of officers 
designated for purposes of this subchapter shall be governed by the 
provisions of subchapter I of this chapter.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1745]]

    ``(b) No Recommendation for Promotion of Officers Below Promotion 
Zone.--Section 616(b) of this title shall not apply to the selection for 
promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Recommendation for Officers To Be Excluded From Future 
Consideration for Promotion.--In making recommendations pursuant to 
section 616 of this title for purposes of the administration of this 
subchapter, a selection board convened under section 611(a) of this 
title may recommend that an officer considered by the board be excluded 
from future consideration for promotion under this chapter.
``Sec. 649c <<NOTE: 10 USC 649c.>> . Eligibility for consideration 
                  for promotion

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided by this section, eligibility 
for promotion of officers in any competitive category of officers 
designated for purposes of this subchapter shall be governed by the 
provisions of section 619 of this title.
    ``(b) Inapplicability of Certain Time-in-grade Requirements.--
Paragraphs (2) through (4) of section 619(a) of this title shall not 
apply to the promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Inapplicability to Officers Above and Below Promotion Zone.--
The following provisions of section 619(c) of this title shall not apply 
to the promotion of officers described in subsection (a):
            ``(1) The reference in paragraph (1) of that section to an 
        officer above the promotion zone.
            ``(2) Paragraph (2)(A) of that section.

    ``(d) Ineligibility of Certain Officers.--The following officers are 
not eligible for promotion under this subchapter:
            ``(1) An officer described in section 619(d) of this title.
            ``(2) An officer not included within the promotion zone.
            ``(3) An officer who has failed of promotion to a higher 
        grade the maximum number of times specified for opportunities 
        for promotion for such grade within the competitive category 
        concerned pursuant to section 649d of this title.
            ``(4) An officer recommended by a selection board to be 
        removed from consideration for promotion in accordance with 
        section 649b(c) of this title.
``Sec. 649d <<NOTE: 10 USC 649d.>> . Opportunities for 
                  consideration for promotion

    ``(a) Specification of Number of Opportunities for Consideration for 
Promotion.--In designating a competitive category of officers pursuant 
to section 649a of this title, the Secretary of a military department 
shall specify the number of opportunities for consideration for 
promotion to be afforded officers of the armed force concerned within 
the category for promotion to each grade above the grade of first 
lieutenant or lieutenant (junior grade), as applicable.
    ``(b) Limited Authority of Secretary of Military Department to 
Modify Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of a military department 
may modify the number of opportunities for consideration for promotion 
to be afforded officers of an armed force within a competitive category 
for promotion to a particular grade, as previously specified by the 
Secretary pursuant subsection (a) or this subsection, not more 
frequently than once every five years.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1746]]

    ``(c) Discretionary Authority of Secretary of Defense to Modify 
Number of Opportunities.--The Secretary of Defense may modify the number 
of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be afforded officers 
of an armed force within a competitive category for promotion to a 
particular grade, as previously specified or modified pursuant to any 
provision of this section, at the discretion of the Secretary.
    ``(d) Limitation on Number of Opportunities Specified.--The number 
of opportunities for consideration for promotion to be afforded officers 
of an armed force within a competitive category for promotion to a 
particular grade, as specified or modified pursuant to any provision of 
this section, may not exceed five opportunities.
    ``(e) Effect of Certain Reduction in Number of Opportunities 
Specified.--If, by reason of a reduction in the number of opportunities 
for consideration for promotion under this section, an officer would no 
longer have one or more opportunities for consideration for promotion 
that were available to the officer before the reduction, the officer 
shall be afforded one additional opportunity for consideration for 
promotion after the reduction.
``Sec. 649e <<NOTE: 10 USC 649e.>> . Promotions

    ``Sections 620 through 626 of this title shall apply in promotions 
of officers in competitive categories of officers designated for 
purposes of this subchapter.
``Sec. 649f <<NOTE: 10 USC 649f.>> . Failure of selection for 
                  promotion

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in this section, sections 627 
through 632 of this title shall apply to promotions of officers in 
competitive categories of officers designated for purposes of this 
subchapter.
    ``(b) Inapplicability of Failure of Selection for Promotion to 
Officers Above Promotion Zone.--The reference in section 627 of this 
title to an officer above the promotion zone shall not apply in the 
promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(c) Special Selection Board Matters.--The reference in section 
628(a)(1) of this title to a person above the promotion zone shall not 
apply in the promotion of officers described in subsection (a).
    ``(d) Effect of Failure of Selection.--In the administration of this 
subchapter pursuant to subsection (a)--
            ``(1) an officer described in subsection (a) shall not be 
        deemed to have failed twice of selection for promotion for 
        purposes of section 629(e)(2) of this title until the officer 
        has failed selection of promotion to the next higher grade the 
        maximum number of times specified for opportunities for 
        promotion to such grade within the competitive category 
        concerned pursuant to section 649d of this title; and
            ``(2) any reference in section 631(a) or 632(a) of this 
        title to an officer who has failed of selection for promotion to 
        the next higher grade for the second time shall be deemed to 
        refer instead to an officer described in subsection (a) who has 
        failed of selection for promotion to the next higher grade for 
        the maximum number of times specified for opportunities for 
        promotion to such grade within the competitive category 
        concerned pursuant to such section 649d.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1747]]

``Sec. 649g <<NOTE: 10 USC 649g.>> . Retirement: retirement for 
                  years of service; selective early retirement

    ``(a) Retirement for Years of Services.--Sections 633 through 636 of 
this title shall apply to the retirement of officers in competitive 
categories of officers designated for purposes of this subchapter.
    ``(b) Selective Early Retirement.--Sections 638 and 638a of this 
title shall apply to the retirement of officers described in subsection 
(a).
``Sec. 649h <<NOTE: 10 USC 649h.>> . Continuation on active duty

    ``(a) In General.--An officer subject to discharge or retirement 
pursuant to this subchapter may, subject to the needs of the service, be 
continued on active duty if the officer is selected for continuation on 
active duty in accordance with this section by a selection board 
convened under section 611(b) of this title.
    ``(b) Identification of Positions for Officers Continued on Active 
Duty.--
            ``(1) In general.--Officers may be selected for continuation 
        on active duty pursuant to this section only for assignment to 
        positions identified by the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned for which vacancies exist or are anticipated to exist.
            ``(2) Identification.--Before convening a selection board 
        pursuant to section 611(b) of this title for purposes of 
        selection of officers for continuation on active duty pursuant 
        to this section, the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned shall specify for purposes of the board the positions 
        identified by the Secretary to which officers selected for 
        continuation on active duty may be assigned.

    ``(c) Recommendation for Continuation.--A selection board may 
recommend an officer for continuation on active duty pursuant to this 
section only if the board determines that the officer is qualified for 
assignment to one or more positions identified pursuant to subsection 
(b) on the basis of skills, knowledge, and behavior required of an 
officer to perform successfully in such position or positions.
    ``(d) Approval of Secretary of Military Department.--Continuation of 
an officer on active duty under this section pursuant to the action of a 
selection board is subject to the approval of the Secretary of the 
military department concerned.
    ``(e) Nonacceptance of Continuation.--An officer who is selected for 
continuation on active duty pursuant to this section, but who declines 
to continue on active duty, shall be discharged or retired, as 
appropriate, in accordance with section 632 of this title.
    ``(f) Period of Continuation.--
            ``(1) In general.--An officer continued on active duty 
        pursuant to this section shall remain on active duty, and serve 
        in the position to which assigned (or in another position to 
        which assigned with the approval of the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned), for a total of not more than 
        three years after the date of assignment to the position to 
        which first so assigned.
            ``(2) Additional continuation.--An officer whose continued 
        service pursuant to this section would otherwise expire pursuant 
        to paragraph (1) may be continued on active duty

[[Page 132 STAT. 1748]]

        if selected for continuation on active duty in accordance with 
        this section before the date of expiration pursuant to that 
        paragraph.

    ``(g) Effect of Expiration of Continuation.--Each officer continued 
on active duty pursuant to this subsection who is not selected for 
continuation on active duty pursuant to subsection (f)(2) at the 
completion of the officer's term of continued service shall, unless 
sooner discharged or retired under another provision of law--
            ``(1) be discharged upon the expiration of the term of 
        continued service; or
            ``(2) if eligible for retirement under another other 
        provision of law, be retired under that law on the first day of 
        the first month following the month in which the officer 
        completes the term of continued service.

    ``(h) Treatment of Discharge or Retirement.--The discharge or 
retirement of an officer pursuant to this section shall be considered to 
be an involuntary discharge or retirement for purposes of any other 
provision of law.
``Sec. 649i <<NOTE: 10 USC 649i.>> . Continuation on active duty: 
                  officers in certain military specialties and 
                  career tracks

    ``In addition to continuation on active duty provided for in section 
649h of this title, an officer to whom section 637a of this title 
applies may be continued on active duty in accordance with the 
provisions of such section 637a.
``Sec. 649j <<NOTE: 10 USC 649j.>> . Other administrative 
                  authorities

    ``(a) In General.--The following provisions of this title shall 
apply to officers in competitive categories of officers designated for 
purposes of this subchapter:
            ``(1) Section 638b, relating to voluntary retirement 
        incentives.
            ``(2) Section 639, relating to continuation on active duty 
        to complete disciplinary action.
            ``(3) Section 640, relating to deferment of retirement or 
        separation for medical reasons.
``Sec. 649k <<NOTE: 10 USC 649k.>> . Regulations

    ``The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations regarding the 
administration of this subchapter. The elements of such regulations 
shall include mechanisms to clarify the manner in which provisions of 
other subchapters of this chapter shall be used in the administration of 
this subchapter in accordance with the provisions of this subchapter.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of subchapters at the 
        beginning of chapter 36 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 611 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``VI. Alternative Promotion Authority for Officers in Designated 
Competitive Categories...........................................649a''.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
        consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a report on the

[[Page 132 STAT. 1749]]

        authorities in subchapter VI of chapter 36 of title 10, United 
        States Code (as added by subsection (a)).
            (2) Elements.--The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A detailed analysis and assessment of the manner 
                in which the exercise of the authorities in subchapter 
                VI of chapter 36 of title 10, United States Code (as so 
                added), will effect the career progression of 
                commissioned officers in the Armed Forces.
                    (B) A description of the competitive categories of 
                officers that are anticipated to be designated as 
                competitive categories of officers for purposes of such 
                authorities.
                    (C) A plan for implementation of such authorities.
                    (D) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary of Defense 
                considers appropriate to improve or enhance such 
                authorities.
SEC. 508. ATTENDING PHYSICIAN TO THE CONGRESS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 41 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting before section 716 the following new section:
``Sec. 715 <<NOTE: 10 USC 715.>> . Attending Physician to the 
                Congress: grade

    ``A general officer serving as Attending Physician to the Congress, 
while so serving, holds the grade of major general. A flag officer 
serving as Attending Physician to the Congress, while so serving, holds 
the grade of rear admiral (upper half).''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 711 prec.>>  is amended by inserting before 
the item relating to section 716 the following new item:

``715. Attending Physician to the Congress: grade''.

SEC. 509. MATTERS RELATING TO SATISFACTORY SERVICE IN GRADE FOR 
                        PURPOSES OF RETIREMENT GRADE OF OFFICERS 
                        IN HIGHEST GRADE OF SATISFACTORY SERVICE.

    (a) Conditional Determinations of Grade of Satisfactory Service.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a)(1) of section 1370 of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new sentences: ``When an officer is under 
        investigation for alleged misconduct at the time of retirement, 
        the Secretary concerned may conditionally determine the highest 
        grade of satisfactory service of the officer pending completion 
        of the investigation. Such grade is subject to resolution under 
        subsection (b)(3).''.
            (2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--Subsection (c) of such 
        section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense may make a conditional certification 
regarding satisfactory service in grade under paragraph (1) with respect 
to an officer under that paragraph notwithstanding the fact that there 
is pending the disposition of an adverse personnel action against the 
officer for alleged misconduct. The retired grade of an officer 
following such a conditional certification is subject to resolution 
under subsection (b)(3).''.
            (3) Reserve officers.--Subsection (d)(1) of such section is 
        amended by adding at the end the following new sentences: ``When 
        an officer is under investigation for alleged misconduct

[[Page 132 STAT. 1750]]

        at the time of retirement, the Secretary concerned may 
        conditionally determine the highest grade of satisfactory 
        service of the officer pending completion of the investigation. 
        Such grade is subject to resolution under subsection (b)(3).''.

    (b) Codification of Lowered Grade for Retired Officers or Persons 
Who Committed Misconduct in a Lower Grade.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
                    (A) in the heading, by striking ``Next'';
                    (B) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``An''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:

    ``(2) In the case of an officer or person whom the Secretary 
concerned determines committed misconduct in a lower grade, the 
Secretary concerned may determine the officer or person has not served 
satisfactorily in any grade equal to or higher than that lower grade.
    ``(3) A determination or certification of the retired grade of an 
officer shall be resolved following a conditional determination under 
subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) or conditional certification under 
subsection (c)(4), if the investigation of or personnel action against 
the officer, as applicable, results in adverse findings. If the retired 
grade of an officer is reduced, the retired pay of the officer under 
chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated, and any modification of 
the retired pay of the officer shall go into effect on the effective 
date of the reduction in retired grade.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Such section is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(1)--
                          (i) by striking ``higher'' and inserting 
                      ``different''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``except as provided in 
                      paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``subject to 
                      paragraph (2) and subsection (b)'';
                    (B) in subsection (c)(1), by striking ``An officer'' 
                and inserting ``Subject to subsection (b), an officer''; 
                and
                    (C) in subsection (d)(1)--
                          (i) by striking ``higher'' each place it 
                      appears and inserting ``different''; and
                          (ii) by inserting ``, subject to subsection 
                      (b),'' before ``shall''.

    (c) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--Such section is 
further amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--(1) Except as 
otherwise provided by law, a determination or certification of the 
retired grade of an officer pursuant to this section is administratively 
final on the day the officer is retired, and may not be reopened.
    ``(2) A determination or certification of the retired grade of an 
officer may be reopened as follows:
            ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of the officer was 
        procured by fraud.
            ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to light after the 
        retirement that could have led to a lower retired grade under 
        this section if known by competent authority at the time of 
        retirement.
            ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation was made in the 
        determination of the retired grade.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1751]]

            ``(D) In the case of a retired grade following a conditional 
        determination under subsection (a)(1) or (d)(1) or conditional 
        certification under subsection (c)(4), if the investigation of 
        or personnel action against the officer, as applicable, results 
        in adverse findings.
            ``(E) If the Secretary concerned determines, pursuant to 
        regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Defense, that good 
        cause exists to reopen the determination or certification.

    ``(3) If a determination or certification of the retired grade of an 
officer is reopened, the Secretary concerned--
            ``(A) shall notify the officer of the reopening; and
            ``(B) may not make an adverse determination on the retired 
        grade of the officer until the officer has had a reasonable 
        opportunity to respond regarding the basis of the reopening.

    ``(4) If a certification of the retired grade of an officer covered 
by subsection (c) is reopened, the Secretary concerned shall also notify 
the President and Congress of the reopening.
    ``(5) If the retired grade of an officer is reduced through the 
reopening of the officer's retired grade, the retired pay of the officer 
under chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated, and any 
modification of the retired pay of the officer shall go into effect on 
the effective date of the reduction of the officer's retired grade.''.
SEC. 510. GRADES OF CHIEFS OF CHAPLAINS.

    (a) Army.--Section 3073 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(a)'' before ``There''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(b) The Chief of Chaplains, while so serving, holds the grade of 
major general.''.
    (b) Navy.--Section 5142 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(e) The Chief of Chaplains, while so serving, holds the grade of 
rear admiral (upper half).''.
    (c) Air Force.--Section 8039 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Grade of Chief of Chaplains.--The Chief of Chaplains, while so 
serving, holds the grade of major general.''.
SEC. 511. REPEAL OF ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT QUALIFICATION REQUIREMENT 
                        FOR WARRANT OFFICERS IN THE REGULAR ARMY.

    (a) In General.--Section 3310 of title 10, United States Code, is 
repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 335 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 3281 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 3310.
SEC. 512. REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF YEARS OF ACTIVE NAVAL SERVICE 
                        REQUIRED FOR PERMANENT APPOINTMENT AS A 
                        LIMITED DUTY OFFICER.

    Section 5589(d) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``10 years'' and inserting ``8 years''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1752]]

SEC. 513. AUTHORITY TO DESIGNATE CERTAIN RESERVE OFFICERS AS NOT 
                        TO BE CONSIDERED FOR SELECTION FOR 
                        PROMOTION.

    Section 14301 of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
505, is further amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsection:
    ``(k) Certain Officers Not to Be Considered for Selection for 
Promotion.--The Secretary of the military department concerned may 
provide that an officer who is in an active status, but is in a duty 
status in which the only points the officer accrues under section 
12732(a)(2) of this title are pursuant to subparagraph (C)(i) of that 
section (relating to membership in a reserve component), shall not be 
considered for selection for promotion until completion of two years of 
service in such duty status. Any such officer may remain on the reserve 
active-status list.''.
SEC. 514. GAO REVIEW OF SURFACE WARFARE CAREER PATHS.

    (a) GAO Review.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a review of Navy surface warfare career paths.
    (b) Elements.--The review under subsection (a) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A description of current and previous career paths for 
        officers in the regular and reserve components of the Navy that 
        are related to surface warfare, including career paths for--
                    (A) unrestricted line officers;
                    (B) limited duty officers;
                    (C) engineering duty officers; and
                    (D) warrant officers.
            (2) Any prior study that examined career paths described in 
        paragraph (1).
            (3) The current and historical personnel levels (fit/fill 
        rates) and deployment tempos aboard naval vessels for each of 
        the career paths described in paragraph (1).
            (4) A comparison of the career paths of surface warfare 
        officers with the career paths of surface warfare officers of 
        foreign navies including--
                    (A) initial training;
                    (B) follow-on training;
                    (C) career milestones;
                    (D) qualification standards; and
                    (E) watch standing requirements.
            (5) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines 
        appropriate.

    (c) Deadlines.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Comptroller 
General shall brief the congressional defense committees on the 
preliminary findings of the study under this section. The Comptroller 
General shall submit a final report to the congressional defense 
committees as soon as practicable after such briefing.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 515. AUTHORIZED STRENGTH AND DISTRIBUTION IN GRADE.

    (a) Strength and Grade Authorizations.--Section 12011(a) of title 
10, United States Code is amended by striking those parts

[[Page 132 STAT. 1753]]

of the table pertaining to the Air National Guard and inserting the 
following:

 
      ``Air National Guard:
 
                                               Lieutenant
                                    Major        Colonel       Colonel
 
10,000..........................  763        745             333
12,000..........................  915        923             377
14,000..........................  1,065      1,057           402
16,000..........................  1,211      1,185           426
18,000..........................  1,347      1,313           450
20,000..........................  1,463      1,440           468
22,000..........................  1,606      1,569           494
24,000..........................  1,739      1,697           517
26,000..........................  1,872      1,825           539
28,000..........................  2,005      1,954           562
30,000..........................  2,138      2,082           585
32,000..........................  2,271      2,210           608
34,000..........................  2,404      2,338           630
36,000..........................  2,537      2,466           653
38,000..........................  2,670      2,595           676
40,000..........................  2,803      2,723           698''.
 


    (b) Strength and Grade Authorizations.--Section 12012(a) of title 
10, United States Code is amended by striking those parts of the table 
pertaining to the Air National Guard and inserting the following:

 
          ``Air National Guard:
 
                                                E-8             E-9
 
10,000..................................  1,350           550
12,000..................................  1,466           594
14,000..................................  1,582           636
16,000..................................  1,698           676
18,000..................................  1,814           714
20,000..................................  1,930           752
22,000..................................  2,046           790
24,000..................................  2,162           828
26,000..................................  2,278           866
28,000..................................  2,394           904
30,000..................................  2,510           942
32,000..................................  2,626           980
34,000..................................  2,742           1,018
36,000..................................  2,858           1,056
38,000..................................  2,974           1,094
40,000..................................  3,090           1,132''.
 


SEC. 516. REPEAL OF PROHIBITION ON SERVICE ON ARMY RESERVE FORCES 
                        POLICY COMMITTEE BY MEMBERS ON ACTIVE 
                        DUTY.

    Section 10302 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``not on active duty'' 
        each place it appears; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by inserting ``of the reserve components'' after 
                ``among the members''; and
                    (B) by striking ``not on active duty''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1754]]

SEC. 517. EXPANSION OF PERSONNEL SUBJECT TO AUTHORITY OF THE CHIEF 
                        OF THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU IN THE 
                        EXECUTION OF FUNCTIONS AND MISSIONS OF THE 
                        NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU.

    Section 10508(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``sections 2103,'' and all that follows through ``of title 
32,'' and inserting ``sections 2102, 2103, 2105, and 3101 of title 5, 
subchapter IV of chapter 53 of title 5, or section 328 of title 32,''.
SEC. 518. AUTHORITY TO ADJUST EFFECTIVE DATE OF PROMOTION IN THE 
                        EVENT OF UNDUE DELAY IN EXTENDING FEDERAL 
                        RECOGNITION OF PROMOTION.

    (a) In General.--Section 14308(f) of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The effective date of 
        promotion''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2) If the Secretary concerned determines that there was an undue 
delay in extending Federal recognition in the next higher grade in the 
Army National Guard or the Air National Guard to a reserve commissioned 
officer of the Army or the Air Force, and the delay was not attributable 
to the action (or inaction) of such officer, the effective date of the 
promotion concerned under paragraph (1) may be adjusted to a date 
determined by the Secretary concerned, but not earlier than the 
effective date of the State promotion.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 14308 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of 
this Act, and shall apply with respect to promotions of officers whose 
State effective date is on or after that date.
SEC. 519. NATIONAL GUARD YOUTH CHALLENGE PROGRAM.

    Section 509(h) of title 32, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following new 
        paragraph:

    ``(2) Equipment and facilities of the Department of Defense may be 
used by the National Guard for purposes of carrying out the Program.''.
SEC. 520. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR PILOT PROGRAM ON USE OF 
                        RETIRED SENIOR ENLISTED MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMY NATIONAL GUARD AS ARMY NATIONAL GUARD 
                        RECRUITERS.

    Section 514 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) <<NOTE: 10 USC 3013 note.>>  is amended--
            (1) in subsection (d), by striking ``2020'' and inserting 
        ``2021''; and
            (2) in subsection (f), by striking ``2019'' and inserting 
        ``2020''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1755]]

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

SEC. 521. ENLISTMENTS VITAL TO THE NATIONAL INTEREST.

    (a) In General.--Section 504(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and subject to paragraph (3),'' 
                after ``Notwithstanding paragraph (1),'';
                    (B) by striking ``enlistment is vital to the 
                national interest.'' and inserting ``person possesses a 
                critical skill or expertise--''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraphs:
            ``(A) that is vital to the national interest; and
            ``(B) that the person will use in the primary daily duties 
        of that person as a member of the armed forces.''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph (3):

    ``(3)(A) No person who enlists under paragraph (2) may report to 
initial training until after the Secretary concerned has completed all 
required background investigations and security and suitability 
screening as determined by the Secretary of Defense regarding that 
person.
    ``(B) A Secretary concerned may not authorize more than 1,000 
enlistments under paragraph (2) per military department in a calendar 
year until after--
            ``(i) the Secretary of Defense submits to Congress written 
        notice of the intent of that Secretary concerned to authorize 
        more than 1,000 such enlistments in a calendar year; and
            ``(ii) a period of 30 days has elapsed after the date on 
        which Congress receives the notice.''.

    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2019, and 
        annually thereafter for each of the subsequent four years, the 
        Secretary concerned shall submit a report to the Committees on 
        Armed Services and the Judiciary of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives regarding persons who enter into enlistment 
        contracts under section 504(b)(2) of title 10, United States 
        Code, as amended by subsection (a).
            (2) Elements.--Each report under this subsection shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) The number of such persons who have entered into 
                such contracts during the preceding calendar year.
                    (B) How many such persons have successfully 
                completed background investigations and vetting 
                procedures.
                    (C) How many such persons have begun initial 
                training.
                    (D) The skills that are vital to the national 
                interest that such persons possess.
SEC. 522. STATEMENT OF BENEFITS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 58 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1756]]

``Sec. 1155 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1155.>> . Statement of benefits

    ``(a) Before Separation.--Not later than 30 days before a member 
retires, is released, is discharged, or otherwise separates from the 
armed forces (or as soon as is practicable in the case of an 
unanticipated separation), the Secretary concerned shall provide that 
member with a current assessment of all benefits to which that member 
may be entitled under laws administered by--
            ``(1) the Secretary of Defense; and
            ``(2) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.

    ``(b) Statement for Reserves.--The Secretary concerned shall provide 
a member of a reserve component with a current assessment of benefits 
described in subsection (a) upon release of that member from active 
duty.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 1141 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 1154 the following new item:

``1155. Statement of benefits.''.

SEC. 523. MODIFICATION TO FORMS OF SUPPORT THAT MAY BE ACCEPTED IN 
                        SUPPORT OF THE MISSION OF THE DEFENSE POW/
                        MIA ACCOUNTING AGENCY.

    (a) Public-Private Partnerships.--Subsection (a) of section 1501a of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``An employee of an entity outside the 
Government that has entered into a public-private partnership, 
cooperative agreement, or a grant arrangement with, or in direct support 
of, the designated Defense Agency under this section shall be considered 
to be an employee of the Federal Government by reason of participation 
in such partnership, cooperative agreement, or grant, only for the 
purposes of section 552a of title 5 (relating to maintenance of records 
on individuals).''.
    (b) Authority to Accept Gifts in Support of Mission to Account for 
Missing Persons From Past Conflicts.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (e) and (f) as subsections 
        (f) and (g), respectively;
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following new 
        subsection (e):

    ``(e) Acceptance of Gifts.--
            ``(1) Authority to accept.--Subject to subsection (f)(2), 
        the Secretary may accept, hold, administer, spend, and use any 
        gift of personal property, money, or services made on the 
        condition that the gift be used for the purpose of facilitating 
        accounting for missing persons pursuant to section 1501(a)(2)(C) 
        of this title.
            ``(2) Gift funds.--Gifts and bequests of money accepted 
        under this subsection shall be deposited in the Treasury in the 
        Department of Defense General Gift Fund.
            ``(3) Use of gifts.--Personal property and money accepted 
        under this subsection may be used by the Secretary, and services 
        accepted under this subsection may be performed, without further 
        specific authorization in law.
            ``(4) Expenses of transfer.--The Secretary may pay all 
        necessary expenses in connection with the conveyance or transfer 
        of a gift accepted under this subsection.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1757]]

            ``(5) Expenses of care.--The Secretary may pay all 
        reasonable and necessary expenses in connection with the care of 
        a gift accepted under this subsection.''; and
            (3) by adding at the end of subsection (g), as redesignated 
        by paragraph (1) of this subsection, the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) Gift.--The term `gift' includes a devise or 
        bequest.''.

    (c) Conforming Amendment.--Subsection (a) of such section is further 
amended by striking ``subsection (e)(1)'' and inserting ``subsection 
(f)(1)''.
SEC. 524. ASSESSMENT OF NAVY STANDARD WORKWEEK AND RELATED 
                        ADJUSTMENTS.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (1) complete a comprehensive assessment of the standard 
        workweek of the Navy;
            (2) carry out the activities required under subsections (b) 
        and (c).

    (b) Adjustments.--The Secretary of the Navy shall--
            (1) update instruction 1000.16L of the Office of the Chief 
        of Naval Operations titled ``Navy Total Force Manpower Policies 
        and Procedures'' in order to--
                    (A) analyze and quantify current in-port workloads; 
                and
                    (B) based on the analysis carried out pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A), identify the manpower necessary to 
                execute in-port workloads for all surface ship classes;
            (2) update the criteria set forth in the instruction that 
        are used to reassess the factors for calculating manpower 
        requirements periodically or when conditions change; and
            (3) taking into account the updates required by paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), identify personnel needs and costs associated with 
        the planned larger size of the Navy fleet.

    (c) Added Demands.--The Secretary of the Navy shall identify and 
quantify any increased or new requirements with respect to Navy ship 
crews, including Ready, Relevant Learning training periods and 
additional work that affects readiness and technical qualifications for 
Navy ship crews.
SEC. 525 <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>> . NOTIFICATION ON MANNING OF 
                        AFLOAT NAVAL FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall notify the 
congressional defense committees, in writing, not later than 15 days 
after any of the following conditions are met:
            (1) The manning fit for a covered ship is less than 87 
        percent.
            (2) The manning fill for a covered ship is less than 90 
        percent.

    (b) Notification Required.--The notification required by subsection 
(a) shall include, with respect to a covered ship, the following:
            (1) The name and hull number of the ship.
            (2) The homeport location of the ship.
            (3) The current manning fit and fill of the ship.
            (4) The lowest levels of manning fit and fill projected for 
        the ship and the date on which such levels are expected to 
        occur.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1758]]

            (5) The projected date on which the Navy will achieve a 
        manning fit and fill at least 87 percent and 90 percent, 
        respectively, for the ship.
            (6) The projected date on which the Navy will achieve a 
        manning fit and fill of at least 92 percent and 95 percent, 
        respectively, for the ship.
            (7) A description of any reasons the Navy will not achieve 
        manning fit and fill of at least 87 percent and 90 percent, 
        respectively, for the ship, including a detailed description of 
        the specific ratings or skillset areas that must be manned to 
        achieve those percentages.
            (8) A description of corrective actions the Navy is taking 
        to improve manning fit or manning fill on the ship.

    (c) Special Rule.--For purposes of determining whether a percentage 
of manning fit or manning fill has been achieved, a sailor in a more 
senior paygrade may count as filling the billet of a more junior 
paygrade, but a sailor in a more junior paygrade may not count as 
filling the billet of a more senior paygrade.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Manning fit.--The term ``manning fit'' means the skills 
        (rating), specialty skills (Navy Enlisted Classifications), and 
        experience (paygrade) for the ship as compared with the billets 
        authorized for such skills and experience.
            (2) Manning fill.--The term ``manning fill'', in the case of 
        a ship, means the total number of military personnel assigned to 
        the ship by rating when compared with the billets authorized for 
        the ship by rating.
            (3) Covered ship.--The term ``covered ship'' means a 
        commissioned battle force ship that is included in the battle 
        force count of the Naval Vessel Register.
SEC. 526 <<NOTE: 10 USC 8013 note.>> . NAVY WATCHSTANDER RECORDS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall require that, 
commencing not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, key watchstanders on Navy surface ships shall maintain a 
career record of watchstanding hours and specific operational 
evolutions.
    (b) Key Watchstander Defined.--In this section, the term ``key 
watchstander'' means each of the following:
            (1) Officer of the Deck.
            (2) Engineering Officer of the Watch.
            (3) Conning Officer or Piloting Officer.
            (4) Any other officer specified by the Secretary for 
        purposes of this section.

    (c) Briefings of Congress.--
            (1) Initial briefing.--Not later than 150 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide 
        to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
        of Representatives a briefing on the plan of the Secretary for 
        the maintenance of watchstander records, including updates to 
        policy documents.
            (2) Update briefings.--Not later than one year after the 
        briefing pursuant to paragraph (1), and annually thereafter for 
        the next two years, the Secretary shall provide to the 
        committees of Congress referred to in that paragraph an update 
        briefing on the status of the implementation of the plan 
        described in that paragraph.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1759]]

SEC. 527. QUALIFICATION EXPERIENCE REQUIREMENTS FOR CERTAIN NAVY 
                        WATCHSTATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date the of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the adequacy of individual training for 
certain watchstations, including any planned or recommended changes in 
qualification standards for such watchstations.
    (b) Watchstations.--The watchstations covered by the report required 
by subsection (a) are the following:
            (1) Officer of the Deck.
            (2) Combat Information Center Watch Officer.
            (3) Tactical Action Officer.
            (4) Engineering Officer of the Watch.
            (5) Conning Officer or Piloting Officer.

                      Subtitle D--Military Justice

SEC. 531. INCLUSION OF STRANGULATION AND SUFFOCATION IN CONDUCT 
                        CONSTITUTING AGGRAVATED ASSAULT FOR 
                        PURPOSES OF THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY 
                        JUSTICE.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (b) of section 928 of title 10, United 
States Code (article 128 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``or'' at the end;
            (2) in paragraph (2), by adding ``or'' after the semicolon; 
        and
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(3) who commits an assault by strangulation or 
        suffocation;''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 928 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately 
after the coming into effect of the amendment made by section 5441 of 
the Military Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2954) as provided in section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 
U.S.C. 801 note).
SEC. 532. PUNITIVE ARTICLE ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE UNDER THE UNIFORM 
                        CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE.

    (a) Punitive Article.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter X of chapter 47 of title 10, 
        United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
        amended by inserting after section 928a (article 128a) the 
        following new section (article):
``Sec. 928b <<NOTE: 10 USC 928b note.>> . Art. 128b.

    ``Any person who--
            ``(1) commits a violent offense against a spouse, an 
        intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that person;
            ``(2) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
        intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that person--
                    ``(A) commits an offense under this chapter against 
                any person; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1760]]

                    ``(B) commits an offense under this chapter against 
                any property, including an animal;
            ``(3) with intent to threaten or intimidate a spouse, an 
        intimate partner, or an immediate family member of that person, 
        violates a protection order;
            ``(4) with intent to commit a violent offense against a 
        spouse, an intimate partner, or an immediate family member of 
        that person, violates a protection order; or
            ``(5) assaults a spouse, an intimate partner, or an 
        immediate family member of that person by strangling or 
        suffocating;

shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter X of chapter 47 of such title (the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice) <<NOTE: 10 USC 877 prec.>>  is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 928a 
        (article 128a) the following new item:

``928b. 128b. Domestic violence.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 928b note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect on January 1, 2019, immediately 
after the coming into effect of the amendments made by the Military 
Justice Act of 2016 (division E of Public Law 114-328) as provided in 
section 5542 of that Act (130 Stat. 2967; 10 U.S.C. 801 note).
SEC. 533. AUTHORITIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON 
                        INVESTIGATION, PROSECUTION, AND DEFENSE OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 546 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (d) and (e) as subsections 
        (e) and (f), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following new 
        subsection (d):

    ``(d) Authorities.--
            ``(1) Hearings.--The Advisory Committee may hold such 
        hearings, sit and act at such times and places, take such 
        testimony, and receive such evidence as the committee considers 
        appropriate to carry out its duties under this section.
            ``(2) Information from federal agencies.--Upon request by 
        the chair of the Advisory Committee, a department or agency of 
        the Federal Government shall provide information that the 
        Advisory Committee considers necessary to carry out its duties 
        under this section. In carrying out this paragraph, the 
        department or agency shall take steps to prevent the 
        unauthorized disclosure of personally identifiable 
        information.''.
SEC. 534. REPORT ON FEASIBILITY OF EXPANDING SERVICES OF THE 
                        SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL TO VICTIMS OF 
                        DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall submit a report to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and House of Representatives regarding the feasibility and 
advisability of expanding eligibility for the Special Victims' Counsel 
programs under section 1044e of title 10, United States Code 
(hereinafter referred to as ``the SVC programs''), to include victims of 
domestic violence.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1761]]

    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) The current workload of the SVC programs.
            (2) An analysis of the current personnel authorizations for 
        the SVC programs.
            (3) The optimal personnel levels for the SVC programs.
            (4) An analysis of the effects that the expansion described 
        in subsection (a) would have on the SVC programs, including--
                    (A) the estimated increase in workload;
                    (B) the estimated number of additional personnel 
                that would be required to accommodate such increase; and
                    (C) the ability of the military departments to fill 
                any additionally authorized billets for SVC programs 
                with qualified judge advocates who possess military 
                justice experience.
SEC. 535 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>> . UNIFORM COMMAND ACTION FORM 
                        ON DISPOSITION OF UNRESTRICTED SEXUAL 
                        ASSAULT CASES INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES.

    The Secretary of Defense shall establish a uniform command action 
form, applicable across the Armed Forces, for reporting the final 
disposition of cases of sexual assault in which--
            (1) the alleged offender is a member of the Armed Forces; 
        and
            (2) the victim files an unrestricted report on the alleged 
        assault.
SEC. 536 <<NOTE: 10 USC 673 note.>> . STANDARDIZATION OF POLICIES 
                        RELATED TO EXPEDITED TRANSFER IN CASES OF 
                        SEXUAL ASSAULT OR DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    (a) Policies for Members.--The Secretary of Defense shall modify, in 
accordance with section 673 of title 10, United States Code, all 
policies that the Secretary determines necessary to establish a 
standardized expedited transfer process for a member of the Army, Navy, 
Air Force, or Marine Corps who is the alleged victim of--
            (1) sexual assault (regardless of whether the case is 
        handled under the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program 
        or Family Advocacy Program); or
            (2) physical domestic violence (as defined by the Secretary 
        in regulations prescribed under this section) committed by the 
        spouse or intimate partner of the member, regardless of whether 
        the spouse or intimate partner is a member of the Armed Forces.

    (b) Policy for Dependents of Members.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a policy to allow the transfer of a member of the Army, 
Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps whose dependent is the victim of sexual 
assault perpetrated by a member of the Armed Forces who is not related 
to the victim.

                     Subtitle E--Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. CLARIFICATION OF EXPIRATION OF TERM OF APPELLATE 
                        MILITARY JUDGES OF THE UNITED STATES COURT 
                        OF MILITARY COMMISSION REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Section 950f(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1762]]

    ``(6) The term of an appellate military judge assigned to the Court 
under paragraph (2) or appointed to the Court under paragraph (3) shall 
expire on the earlier of the date on which--
            ``(A) the judge leaves active duty; or
            ``(B) the judge is reassigned to other duties in accordance 
        with section 949b(b)(4) of this title.''.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 950f note.>>  Applicability.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall apply to each judge of the United States Court 
of Military Commission Review serving on that court on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and each judge assigned or appointed to that court 
on or after such date.
SEC. 542. SECURITY CLEARANCE REINVESTIGATION OF CERTAIN PERSONNEL 
                        WHO COMMIT CERTAIN OFFENSES.

    Section 1564 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f) as 
        subsection (d), (e), (f), and (g), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) Reinvestigation or Readjudication of Certain Individuals.--(1) 
The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an investigation or adjudication 
under subsection (a) of any individual described in paragraph (2) upon--
            ``(A) conviction of that individual by a court of competent 
        jurisdiction for--
                    ``(i) sexual assault;
                    ``(ii) sexual harassment;
                    ``(iii) fraud against the United States; or
                    ``(iv) any other violation that the Secretary 
                determines renders that individual susceptible to 
                blackmail or raises serious concern regarding the 
                ability of that individual to hold a security clearance; 
                or
            ``(B) determination by a commanding officer that that 
        individual has committed an offense described in subparagraph 
        (A).

    ``(2) An individual described in this paragraph in an individual who 
has a security clearance and is--
            ``(A) a flag officer;
            ``(B) a general officer; or
            ``(C) an employee of the Department of Defense in the Senior 
        Executive Service.

    ``(3) The Secretary shall ensure that relevant information on the 
conviction or determination described in paragraph (1) of an individual 
described in paragraph (2) during the preceding year, regardless of 
whether the individual has retired or resigned or has been discharged, 
released, or otherwise separated from the armed forces, is reported into 
Federal law enforcement records and security clearance databases, and 
that such information is transmitted, as appropriate, to other Federal 
agencies.
    ``(4) In this subsection:
            ``(A) The term `sexual assault' includes rape, sexual 
        assault, forcible sodomy, aggravated sexual contact, abusive 
        sexual contact, and attempts to commit such offenses, as those 
        terms are defined in chapter 47 of this title (the Uniform Code 
        of Military Justice).
            ``(B) The term `sexual harassment' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 1561 of this title.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1763]]

            ``(C) The term `fraud against the United States' means a 
        violation of section 932 of this title (article 132 of the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice).''.
SEC. 543. DEVELOPMENT OF OVERSIGHT PLAN FOR IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE HARASSMENT 
                        PREVENTION AND RESPONSE POLICY.

    (a) Development.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan for 
overseeing the implementation of the instruction titled ``Harassment 
Prevention and Response in the Armed Forces'', published on February 8, 
2018 (DODI-1020.03).
    (b) Elements.--The plan under subsection (a) shall require the 
military services and other components of the Department of Defense to 
take steps by certain dates to implement harassment prevention and 
response programs under such instruction, including no less than the 
following:
            (1) Submitting implementation plans to the Director, Force 
        Resiliency.
            (2) Incorporating performance measures that assess the 
        effectiveness of harassment prevention and response programs.
            (3) Adopting compliance standards for promoting, supporting, 
        and enforcing policies, plans, and programs.
            (4) Tracking, collecting, and reporting data and information 
        on sexual harassment incidents based on standards established by 
        the Secretary.
            (5) Instituting anonymous complaint mechanisms.

    (c) Report.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the oversight plan developed under this 
section. The report shall include, for each military service and 
component of the Department of Defense, the implementation status of 
each element of the oversight plan.
SEC. 544 <<NOTE: 10 USC 131 note.>> . OVERSIGHT OF REGISTERED SEX 
                        OFFENDER MANAGEMENT PROGRAM.

    (a) Designation of Official or Entity.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall designate a single official or existing entity within the Office 
of the Secretary of Defense to serve as the official or entity (as the 
case may be) with principal responsibility in the Department of Defense 
for providing oversight of the registered sex offender management 
program of the Department.
    (b) Duties.--The official or entity designated under subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) monitor compliance with Department of Defense 
        Instruction 5525.20 and other relevant polices;
            (2) compile data on members serving in the military 
        departments who have been convicted of a qualifying sex offense, 
        including data on the sex offender registration status of each 
        such member;
            (3) maintain statistics on the total number of active duty 
        service members in each military department who are required to 
        register as sex offenders; and
            (4) perform such other duties as the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be appropriate.

    (c) Briefing Required.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the Secretary 
of Defense shall provide to the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
of Representatives a briefing on--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1764]]

            (1) the compliance of the military departments with the 
        policies of the Department of Defense relating to registered sex 
        offenders;
            (2) the results of the data compilation described in 
        subsection (b)(2); and
            (3) any other matters the Secretary determines to be 
        appropriate.

    (d) Military Departments Defined.--In this section, the term 
``military departments'' has the meaning given that term in section 
101(a)(8) of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 545 <<NOTE: 10 USC 7461 note.>> . DEVELOPMENT OF RESOURCE 
                        GUIDES REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULT FOR THE 
                        MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    (a) Development.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, each Superintendent of a military service academy 
shall develop and maintain a resource guide for students at the 
respective military service academies regarding sexual assault.
    (b) Elements.--Each guide developed under this section shall include 
the following information with regards to the relevant military service 
academy:
            (1) Process overview and definitions.--
                    (A) An explanation of prohibited conduct, including 
                examples.
                    (B) An explanation of consent.
                    (C) Victims' rights.
                    (D) Clearly described complaint process, including 
                to whom a complaint may be filed.
                    (E) Explanations of restricted and unrestricted 
                reporting.
                    (F) List of mandatory reporters.
                    (G) Protections from retaliation.
                    (H) Assurance that leadership will take appropriate 
                corrective action.
                    (I) References to specific policies.
                    (J) Resources for survivors.
            (2) Emergency services.--
                    (A) Contact information.
                    (B) Location.
            (3) Support and counseling.--Contact information for the 
        following support and counseling resources:
                    (A) The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                Victim Advocate or other equivalent advocate or 
                counselor available to students in cases of sexual 
                assault.
                    (B) The Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and 
                Prevention Resource Program Center.
                    (C) Peer counseling.
                    (D) Medical care.
                    (E) Legal counsel.
                    (F) Hotlines.
                    (G) Chaplain or other spiritual representatives.

    (c) Distribution.--Each Superintendent shall provide the current 
guide developed by that Superintendent under this section--
            (1) not later than 30 days after completing development 
        under subsection (a) to each student who is enrolled at the 
        military service academy of that Superintendent on the date of 
        the enactment of this Act;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1765]]

            (2) at the beginning of each academic year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act to each student who enrolls at the 
        military service academy of that Superintendent; and
            (3) as soon as practicable to a student at the military 
        service academy of that Superintendent who reports that such 
        student is a victim of sexual assault.
SEC. 546 <<NOTE: 10 USC 113 note.>> . IMPROVED CRIME REPORTING.

    (a) Tracking Process.--The Secretary of Defense, in consultation 
with the secretaries of the military departments, shall establish a 
consolidated tracking process for the Department of Defense to ensure 
increased oversight of the timely submission of crime reporting data to 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation under section 922(g) of title 18, 
United States Code, and Department of Defense Instruction 5505.11, 
``Fingerprint Card and Final Disposition Report Submission 
Requirements''. The tracking process shall, to the maximum extent 
possible, standardize and automate reporting and increase the ability of 
the Department to track such submissions.

    (b) Letter Required.--Not later than July 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit a letter to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and House of Representatives that details the tracking process 
under subsection (a).
SEC. 547 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note.>> . REPORT ON VICTIMS OF SEXUAL 
                        ASSAULT IN REPORTS OF MILITARY CRIMINAL 
                        INVESTIGATIVE ORGANIZATIONS.

    (a) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2019, and not less 
frequently than once every two years thereafter, the Secretary of 
Defense, acting through the Defense Advisory Committee on Investigation, 
Prosecution, and Defense of Sexual Assault in the Armed Forces shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that includes, 
with respect to the period of two years preceding the date of the 
submittal of the report, the following:
            (1) The number of instances in which a covered individual 
        was accused of misconduct or crimes considered collateral to the 
        investigation of a sexual assault committed against the 
        individual.
            (2) The number of instances in which adverse action was 
        taken against a covered individual who was accused of collateral 
        misconduct or crimes as described in paragraph (1).
            (3) The percentage of investigations of sexual assaults that 
        involved an accusation or adverse action against a covered 
        individual as described in paragraphs (1) and (2).

    (b) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
individual'' means an individual who is identified as a victim of a 
sexual assault in the case files of a military criminal investigative 
organization.

   Subtitle F--Member Education, Training, Resilience, and Transition

SEC. 551. PERMANENT CAREER INTERMISSION PROGRAM.

    (a) Codification and Permanent Authority.--Chapter 40 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section 710:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1766]]

``Sec. 710 <<NOTE: 10 USC 710.>> . Career flexibility to enhance 
                retention of members

    ``(a) Programs Authorized.--Each Secretary of a military department 
may carry out programs under which members of the regular components and 
members on Active Guard and Reserve duty of the armed forces under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary may be inactivated from active service in 
order to meet personal or professional needs and returned to active 
service at the end of such period of inactivation from active service.
    ``(b) Period of Inactivation From Active Service; Effect of 
Inactivation.--(1) The period of inactivation from active service under 
a program under this section of a member participating in the program 
shall be such period as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify in the agreement of the member under subsection 
(c), except that such period may not exceed three years.
    ``(2) Any service by a Reserve officer while participating in a 
program under this section shall be excluded from computation of the 
total years of service of that officer pursuant to section 14706(a) of 
this title.
    ``(3) Any period of participation of a member in a program under 
this section shall not count toward--
            ``(A) eligibility for retirement or transfer to the Ready 
        Reserve under either chapter 571 or 1223 of this title; or
            ``(B) computation of retired or retainer pay under chapter 
        71 or 1223 of this title.

    ``(c) Agreement.--Each member of the armed forces who participates 
in a program under this section shall enter into a written agreement 
with the Secretary of the military department concerned under which 
agreement that member shall agree as follows:
            ``(1) To accept an appointment or enlist, as applicable, and 
        serve in the Ready Reserve of the armed force concerned during 
        the period of the inactivation of the member from active service 
        under the program.
            ``(2) To undergo during the period of the inactivation of 
        the member from active service under the program such inactive 
        service training as the Secretary concerned shall require in 
        order to ensure that the member retains proficiency, at a level 
        determined by the Secretary concerned to be sufficient, in the 
        military skills, professional qualifications, and physical 
        readiness of the member during the inactivation of the member 
        from active service.
            ``(3) Following completion of the period of the inactivation 
        of the member from active service under the program, to serve 
        two months as a member of the armed forces on active service for 
        each month of the period of the inactivation of the member from 
        active service under the program.

    ``(d) Conditions of Release.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations specifying the guidelines regarding the conditions 
of release that must be considered and addressed in the agreement 
required by subsection (c). At a minimum, the Secretary shall prescribe 
the procedures and standards to be used to instruct a member on the 
obligations to be assumed by the member under paragraph (2) of such 
subsection while the member is released from active service.
    ``(e) Order to Active Service.--Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of the military department concerned, a member

[[Page 132 STAT. 1767]]

of the armed forces participating in a program under this section may, 
in the discretion of such Secretary, be required to terminate 
participation in the program and be ordered to active service.
    ``(f) Pay and Allowances.--(1) During each month of participation in 
a program under this section, a member who participates in the program 
shall be paid basic pay in an amount equal to two-thirtieths of the 
amount of monthly basic pay to which the member would otherwise be 
entitled under section 204 of title 37 as a member of the uniformed 
services on active service in the grade and years of service of the 
member when the member commences participation in the program.
    ``(2)(A) A member who participates in a program shall not, while 
participating in the program, be paid any special or incentive pay or 
bonus to which the member is otherwise entitled under an agreement under 
chapter 5 of title 37 that is in force when the member commences 
participation in the program.
    ``(B) The inactivation from active service of a member participating 
in a program shall not be treated as a failure of the member to perform 
any period of service required of the member in connection with an 
agreement for a special or incentive pay or bonus under chapter 5 of 
title 37 that is in force when the member commences participation in the 
program.
    ``(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), upon the return of a member to 
active service after completion by the member of participation in a 
program--
            ``(i) any agreement entered into by the member under chapter 
        5 of title 37 for the payment of a special or incentive pay or 
        bonus that was in force when the member commenced participation 
        in the program shall be revived, with the term of such agreement 
        after revival being the period of the agreement remaining to run 
        when the member commenced participation in the program; and
            ``(ii) any special or incentive pay or bonus shall be 
        payable to the member in accordance with the terms of the 
        agreement concerned for the term specified in clause (i).

    ``(B)(i) Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to any special or 
incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by that subparagraph with 
respect to a member if, at the time of the return of the member to 
active service as described in that subparagraph--
            ``(I) such pay or bonus is no longer authorized by law; or
            ``(II) the member does not satisfy eligibility criteria for 
        such pay or bonus as in effect at the time of the return of the 
        member to active service.

    ``(ii) Subparagraph (A) shall cease to apply to any special or 
incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by that subparagraph with 
respect to a member if, during the term of the revived agreement of the 
member under subparagraph (A)(i), such pay or bonus ceases being 
authorized by law.
    ``(C) A member who is ineligible for payment of a special or 
incentive pay or bonus otherwise covered by this paragraph by reason of 
subparagraph (B)(i)(II) shall be subject to the requirements for 
repayment of such pay or bonus in accordance with the terms of the 
applicable agreement of the member under chapter 5 of title 37.
    ``(D) Any service required of a member under an agreement covered by 
this paragraph after the member returns to active service

[[Page 132 STAT. 1768]]

as described in subparagraph (A) shall be in addition to any service 
required of the member under an agreement under subsection (c).
    ``(4)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), a member who participates in a 
program is entitled, while participating in the program, to the travel 
and transportation allowances authorized by section 474 of title 37 
for--
            ``(i) travel performed from the residence of the member, at 
        the time of release from active service to participate in the 
        program, to the location in the United States designated by the 
        member as his residence during the period of participation in 
        the program; and
            ``(ii) travel performed to the residence of the member upon 
        return to active service at the end of the participation of the 
        member in the program.

    ``(B) An allowance is payable under this paragraph only with respect 
to travel of a member to and from a single residence.
    ``(5) A member who participates in a program is entitled to carry 
forward the leave balance existing as of the day on which the member 
begins participation and accumulated in accordance with section 701 of 
this title, but not to exceed 60 days.
    ``(g) Promotion.--(1)(A) An officer participating in a program under 
this section shall not, while participating in the program, be eligible 
for consideration for promotion under chapter 36 or 1405 of this title.
    ``(B) Upon the return of an officer to active service after 
completion by the officer of participation in a program--
            ``(i) the Secretary of the military department concerned 
        shall adjust the date of rank of the officer in such manner as 
        the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in regulations for 
        purposes of this section; and
            ``(ii) the officer shall be eligible for consideration for 
        promotion when officers of the same competitive category, grade, 
        and seniority are eligible for consideration for promotion.

    ``(2) An enlisted member participating in a program shall not be 
eligible for consideration for promotion during the period that--
            ``(A) begins on the date of the inactivation of the member 
        from active service under the program; and
            ``(B) ends at such time after the return of the member to 
        active service under the program that the member is treatable as 
        eligible for promotion by reason of time in grade and such other 
        requirements as the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned shall prescribe in regulations for purposes of the 
        program.

    ``(h) Continued Entitlements.--A member participating in a program 
under this section shall, while participating in the program, be treated 
as a member of the armed forces on active duty for a period of more than 
30 days for purposes of--
            ``(1) the entitlement of the member and of the dependents of 
        the member to medical and dental care under the provisions of 
        chapter 55 of this title; and
            ``(2) retirement or separation for physical disability under 
        the provisions of chapters 55 and 61 of this title.''.

    (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Table of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 701 prec.>>  is amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 709a the 
        following new item:

``710. Career flexibility to enhance retention of members.''.


[[Page 132 STAT. 1769]]


            (2) Conforming repeal.--Section 533 of the Duncan Hunter 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (10 
        U.S.C. prec. 701 note) is repealed.
SEC. 552. IMPROVEMENTS TO TRANSITION ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Pathways for TAP.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1142 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading by striking ``medical'' 
                and inserting ``certain'';
                    (B) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                      ``(regardless of character of discharge)'' after 
                      ``discharge'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``as soon as 
                                possible during the 12-month period 
                                preceding'' and inserting ``not later 
                                than 365 days before'';
                                    (II) by striking ``90 days'' and 
                                inserting ``365 days''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``discharge or 
                                release'' and inserting ``retirement or 
                                other separation''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``90'' and inserting 
                                ``365''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``90-day'' and 
                                inserting ``365-day'';
                    (C) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection 
                (d);
                    (D) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
                new subsection (c):

    ``(c) Counseling Pathways.--(1) Each Secretary concerned, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs, shall 
establish at least three pathways for members of the military department 
concerned receiving individualized counseling under this section. The 
Secretaries shall design the pathways to address the needs of members, 
based on the following factors:
                    ``(A) Rank.
                    ``(B) Term of service.
                    ``(C) Gender.
                    ``(D) Whether the member was a member of a regular 
                or reserve component of an armed force.
                    ``(E) Disability.
                    ``(F) Character of discharge (including expedited 
                discharge and discharge under conditions other than 
                honorable).
                    ``(G) Health (including mental health).
                    ``(H) Military occupational specialty.
                    ``(I) Whether the member intends, after separation, 
                retirement, or discharge, to--
                          ``(i) seek employment;
                          ``(ii) enroll in a program of higher 
                      education;
                          ``(iii) enroll in a program of vocational 
                      training; or
                          ``(iv) become an entrepreneur.
                    ``(J) The educational history of the member.
                    ``(K) The employment history of the member.
                    ``(L) Whether the member has secured--
                          ``(i) employment;
                          ``(ii) enrollment in a program of education; 
                      or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1770]]

                          ``(iii) enrollment in a program of vocational 
                      training.
                    ``(M) Other factors the Secretary of Defense and the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the 
                Secretaries of Labor and Veterans Affairs, determine 
                appropriate.

    ``(2) Each member described in subsection (a) shall meet in person 
or by video conference with a counselor before beginning counseling 
under this section to--
            ``(A) take a self-assessment designed by the Secretary 
        concerned (in consultation with the Secretaries of Labor and 
        Veterans Affairs) to ensure that the Secretary concerned places 
        the member in the appropriate pathway under this subsection;
            ``(B) receive information from the counselor regarding 
        reenlistment in the armed forces; and
            ``(C) receive information from the counselor regarding 
        resources (including resources regarding military sexual 
        trauma)--
                    ``(i) for members of the armed forces separated, 
                retired, or discharged;
                    ``(ii) located in the community in which the member 
                will reside after separation, retirement, or discharge.

    ``(3) At the meeting under paragraph (2), the member may elect to 
have the Secretary concerned (in consultation with the Secretaries of 
Labor and Veterans Affairs) provide the contact information of the 
member to the resources described in paragraph (2)(B).''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following new 
                subsection:

    ``(e) Joint Service Transcript.--The Secretary concerned shall 
provide a copy of the joint service transcript of a member described in 
subsection (a) to--
            ``(1) that member--
                    ``(A) at the meeting with a counselor under 
                subsection (c)(2); and
                    ``(B) on the day the member separates, retires, or 
                is discharged; and
            ``(2) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs on the day the 
        member separates, retires, or is discharged.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1142 note.>>  Deadline.--Each Secretary 
        concerned shall carry out subsection (c) of such section, as 
        amended by paragraph (1), not later than 1 year after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
            (3) GAO study.--Not later than 1 year after the Secretaries 
        concerned carry out subsection (c) of such section, as amended 
        by paragraph (1), the Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall submit to Congress a review of the pathways for the 
        Transition Assistance Program established under such subsection 
        (c).

    (b) Contents of TAP.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1144 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``Such services'' 
                and inserting ``Subject to subsection (f)(2), such 
                services''; and
                    (B) by amending subsection (f) to read as follows:

    ``(f) Program Contents.--(1) The program carried out under this 
section shall consist of instruction as follows:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1771]]

                    ``(A) One day of preseparation training specific to 
                the armed force concerned, as determined by the 
                Secretary concerned.
                    ``(B) One day of instruction regarding--
                          ``(i) benefits under laws administered by the 
                      Secretary of Veterans Affairs; and
                          ``(ii) other subjects determined by the 
                      Secretary concerned.
                    ``(C) One day of instruction regarding preparation 
                for employment.
                    ``(D) Two days of instruction regarding a topic 
                selected by the member from the following subjects:
                          ``(i) Preparation for employment.
                          ``(ii) Preparation for education.
                          ``(iii) Preparation for vocational training.
                          ``(iv) Preparation for entrepreneurship.
                          ``(v) Other options determined by the 
                      Secretary concerned.

    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may permit a member to attend training 
and instruction under the program established under this section--
            ``(A) before the time periods established under section 
        1142(a)(3) of this title;
            ``(B) in addition to such training and instruction required 
        during such time periods.''.
            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1144 note.>>  Deadline.--The Transition 
        Assistance Program shall comply with the requirements of section 
        1144(f) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by paragraph 
        (1), not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
            (3) Action plan.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        an action plan to the congressional defense committees that--
                    (A) details how the Secretary shall implement the 
                requirements of section 1144(f) of title 10, United 
                States Code, as amended by paragraph (1); and
                    (B) details how the Secretary, in consultation with 
                the Secretaries of Veterans Affairs and Labor, shall 
                establish standardized performance metrics to measure 
                Transition Assistance Program participation and outcome-
                based objective benchmarks in order to--
                          (i) provide feedback to the Departments of 
                      Defense, Veterans Affairs, and Labor;
                          (ii) improve the curriculum of the Transition 
                      Assistance Program;
                          (iii) share best practices;
                          (iv) facilitate effective oversight of the 
                      Transition Assistance Program; and
                          (v) ensure members obtain sufficient financial 
                      literacy to effectively leverage conferred 
                      benefits and opportunities for employment, 
                      education, vocational training, and 
                      entrepreneurship.
            (4) Report.--On the date that is 2 years after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act and annually thereafter for the 
        subsequent 4 years, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Veterans' Affairs of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives, the Committee

[[Page 132 STAT. 1772]]

        on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate, and the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives, a report regarding members of the Armed Forces 
        who have attended Transition Assistance Program counseling 
        during the preceding year. The report shall detail the 
        following:
                    (A) The total number of members who attended 
                Transition Assistance Program counseling.
                    (B) The number of members who attended Transition 
                Assistance Program counseling under paragraph (1) of 
                section 1144(f) of title 10, as amended by paragraph 
                (1).
                    (C) The number of members who attended Transition 
                Assistance Program counseling under paragraph (2) of 
                such section.
                    (D) The number of members who elected to attend each 
                two-day instruction under paragraph (1)(D) of such 
                section.
SEC. 553. REPEAL OF PROGRAM ON ENCOURAGEMENT OF POSTSEPARATION 
                        PUBLIC AND COMMUNITY SERVICE.

    (a) Repeal.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1143a of title 10, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 58 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 1141 
        prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to section 
        1143a.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 1144(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (8); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (9), (10), and (11) 
                as paragraphs (8), (9), and (10), respectively.
            (2) Section 1142(b)(4)(C) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``the public and community service jobs program carried 
        out under section 1143a of this title, and''.
            (3) Section 159(c)(2)(D) of the National and Community 
        Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12619(c)(2)(D)) is amended by 
        striking ``and as employment with a public service or community 
        service organization for purposes of section 4464 of that Act''.
            (4) Section 162(a)(2) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 12622(a)(2)) is 
        amended by striking ``shall'' and all that follows through 
        ``provide other'' and inserting ``shall provide''.
            (5) Subsection (c) of section 4403 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
        U.S.C. 1293 note) is amended to read as follows:

    ``(c) Inapplicability of Certain Provisions.--During the period 
specified in subsection (i)(2), this section does not apply as follows:
            ``(1) To members of the Coast Guard, notwithstanding section 
        542(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note).
            ``(2) To members of the commissioned corps of the National 
        Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, notwithstanding section 
        566(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 1293 note).''.

    (c) Conforming Repeal.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1773]]

            (1) Repeal.--Section 4464 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 
        U.S.C. 1143a note) is repealed.
            (2) Applicability.--The repeal made under paragraph (1) 
        shall apply with respect to an individual who retires from the 
        Armed Forces on or after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 554. CLARIFICATION OF APPLICATION AND HONORABLE SERVICE 
                        REQUIREMENTS UNDER THE TROOPS-TO-TEACHERS 
                        PROGRAM TO MEMBERS OF THE RETIRED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--Paragraph (2)(B) of section 1154(d) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)(iii),'' after ``(A)(i),'';
            (2) by inserting ``transferred to the Retired Reserve, or'' 
        after ``member is retired,''; and
            (3) by striking ``separated,'' and inserting ``separated''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--The second sentence of paragraph (3)(D) 
of such section is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``, the transfer of the member to the 
        Retired Reserve,'' after ``retirement of the member''; and
            (2) by inserting ``transfer,'' after ``after the 
        retirement,''.
SEC. 555. EMPLOYMENT AND COMPENSATION OF CIVILIAN FACULTY MEMBERS 
                        AT THE JOINT SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                        UNIVERSITY.

    Section 1595(c) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) The Joint Special Operations University.''.
SEC. 556. PROGRAM TO ASSIST MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
                        OBTAINING PROFESSIONAL CREDENTIALS.

    Section 2015(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``related to military training'' and all that follows through 
the period at the end of paragraph (2) and inserting ``that translate 
into civilian occupations.''.
SEC. 557. ENHANCEMENT OF AUTHORITIES IN CONNECTION WITH JUNIOR 
                        RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS PROGRAMS.

    (a) Flexibility in Authorities for Management of Programs and 
Units.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2035 <<NOTE: 10 USC 2035.>> . Flexibility in authorities 
                  for management of programs and units

    ``(a) Authority To Convert Otherwise Closing Units to National 
Defense Cadet Corps Program Units.--If the Secretary of a military 
department is notified by a local educational agency of the intent of 
the agency to close its Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps, the 
Secretary shall offer the agency the option of converting the unit to a 
National Defense Cadet Corps (NDCC) program unit in lieu of closing the 
unit.
    ``(b) Flexibility in Administration of Instructors.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretaries of the military 
        departments may, without regard to any other provision of this

[[Page 132 STAT. 1774]]

        chapter, undertake initiatives designed to promote flexibility 
        in the hiring and compensation of instructors for the Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps program under the jurisdiction 
        of such Secretaries.
            ``(2) Elements.--The initiatives undertaken pursuant to this 
        subsection may provide for one or more of the following:
                    ``(A) Termination of the requirement for a waiver as 
                a condition of the hiring of well-qualified non-
                commissioned officers with a bachelor's degree for 
                senior instructor positions within the Junior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps.
                    ``(B) Specification of a single instructor as the 
                minimum number of instructors required to found and 
                operate a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps unit.
                    ``(C) Authority for Junior Reserve Officers' 
                Training Corps instructors to undertake school duties, 
                in addition to Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
                duties, at small schools.
                    ``(D) Authority for the payment of instructor 
                compensation for a limited number of Junior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps instructors on a 10-month per 
                year basis rather than a 12-month per year basis.
                    ``(E) Such other actions as the Secretaries of the 
                military departments consider appropriate.

    ``(c) Flexibility in Allocation and Use of Travel Funding.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall take appropriate actions 
to provide so-called regional directors of the Junior Reserve Officers' 
Training Corps programs located at remote rural schools enhanced 
discretion in the allocation and use of funds for travel in connection 
with Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps activities.
    ``(d) Standardization of Program Data.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall take appropriate actions to standardize the data collected and 
maintained on the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs in 
order to facilitate and enhance the collection and analysis of such 
data. Such actions shall include a requirement for the use of the 
National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) identification code for 
each school with a unit under a Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
program in order to facilitate identification of such schools and their 
units under the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 102 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2031 
        prec.>>  is amended by adding at the end the following new item:

``2035. Flexibility in authorities for management of programs and 
           units.''.

    (b) Authority for Additional Units.--The Secretaries of the military 
departments may, using amounts authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
and available in the funding tables in sections 4301 and 4401 for 
purposes of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs, 
establish an aggregate of not more than 100 units under the Junior 
Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs in low-income and rural areas 
of the United States and areas of the United States currently 
underserved by the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps programs.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1775]]

SEC. 558 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781 note.>> . EXPANSION OF PERIOD OF 
                        AVAILABILITY OF MILITARY ONESOURCE PROGRAM 
                        FOR RETIRED AND DISCHARGED MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES AND THEIR IMMEDIATE FAMILIES.

    (a) In General.--Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary of 
Defense, the period of eligibility for the Military OneSource program of 
the Department of Defense of an eligible individual retired, discharged, 
or otherwise released from the Armed Forces, and for the eligible 
immediate family members of such an individual, shall be the one-year 
period beginning on the date of the retirement, discharge, or release, 
as applicable, of such individual.
    (b) Information to Families.--The Secretary shall, in such manner as 
the Secretary considers appropriate, inform military families and 
families of veterans of the Armed Forces of the wide range of benefits 
available through the Military OneSource program.
SEC. 559. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ATTENDANCE OF ENLISTED 
                        PERSONNEL AT SENIOR LEVEL AND INTERMEDIATE 
                        LEVEL OFFICER PROFESSIONAL MILITARY 
                        EDUCATION COURSES.

    (a) Prohibition.--None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or 
otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may be obligated 
or expended for the purpose of the attendance of enlisted personnel at 
senior level and intermediate level officer professional military 
education courses.
    (b) Senior Level and Intermediate Level Officer Professional 
Military Education Courses Defined.--In this section, the term ``senior 
level and intermediate level officer professional military education 
courses'' means any course for officers offered by a school specified in 
paragraph (1) or (2) of section 2151(b) of title 10, United States Code.
    (c) Repeal of Superseded Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--Section 547 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) is 
        repealed.
            (2) Preservation of certain reporting requirement.--The 
        repeal in paragraph (1) shall not be interpreted to terminate 
        the requirement of the Comptroller General of the United States 
        to submit the report required by subsection (c) of section 547 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.

                Subtitle G--Defense Dependents' Education

SEC. 561. ASSISTANCE TO SCHOOLS WITH MILITARY DEPENDENT STUDENTS.

    (a) Impact Aid for Children With Severe Disabilities.--
            (1) In general.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated 
        for fiscal year 2019 pursuant to section 301 and available for 
        operation and maintenance for Defense-wide activities as 
        specified in the funding table in section 4301, $10,000,000 
        shall be available for payments under section 363 of the Floyd 
        D. Spence National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
        2001 (Public Law 106-398; 20 U.S.C. 7703a).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1776]]

            (2) Use of certain amount.--Of the amount available under 
        paragraph (1) for payments as described in that paragraph, 
        $5,000,000 shall be available for such payments to local 
        educational agencies determined by the Secretary of Defense, in 
        the discretion of the Secretary, to have higher concentrations 
        of military children with severe disabilities.

    (b) Assistance to Schools With Significant Numbers of Military 
Dependent Students.--Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2019 by section 301 and available for operation and 
maintenance for Defense-wide activities as specified in the funding 
table in section 4301, $40,000,000 shall be available only for the 
purpose of providing assistance to local educational agencies under 
subsection (a) of section 572 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 20 U.S.C. 7703b).
    (c) Local Educational Agency Defined.--In this section, the term 
``local educational agency'' has the meaning given that term in section 
7013(9) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 
7713(9)).
SEC. 562 <<NOTE: 10 USC 921 note.>> . DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        EDUCATION ACTIVITY POLICIES AND PROCEDURES 
                        ON SEXUAL HARASSMENT OF STUDENTS OF 
                        ACTIVITY SCHOOLS.

    (a) Applicability of Title IX Protections.--The provisions of title 
IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. 1681 et seq.) (in this 
section referred to as ``title IX'') with respect to education programs 
or activities receiving Federal financial assistance shall apply equally 
to education programs and activities administered by the Department of 
Defense Education Activity (DODEA).
    (b) Policies and Procedures.--Not later than March 31, 2019, the 
Department of Defense Education Activity shall establish policies and 
procedures to protect students at schools of the Activity who are 
victims of sexual harassment. Such policies and procedures shall afford 
protections at least comparable to the protections afforded under title 
IX.
    (c) Elements.--The policies and procedures required by subsection 
(b) shall include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) A policy addressing sexual harassment of students at the 
        schools of the Department of Defense Education Activity that 
        uses and incorporates terms, procedures, protections, 
        investigation standards, and standards of evidence consistent 
        with title IX.
            (2) A procedure by which--
                    (A) a student of a school of the Activity, or a 
                parent of such a student, may file a complaint with the 
                school alleging an incident of sexual harassment at the 
                school; and
                    (B) such a student or parent may appeal the decision 
                of the school regarding such complaint.
            (3) A procedure and mechanisms for the appointment and 
        training of, and allocation of responsibility to, a coordinator 
        at each school of the Activity for sexual harassment matters 
        involving students from the military community served by such 
        school.
            (4) Training of employees of the Activity, and volunteers at 
        schools of the Activity, on the policies and procedures.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1777]]

            (5) Mechanisms for the broad distribution and display of the 
        policy described in paragraph (1), including on the Internet 
        website of the Activity and on Internet websites of schools of 
        the Activity, in printed and online versions of student 
        handbooks, and in brochures and flyers displayed on school 
        bulletin boards and in guidance counselor offices.
            (6) Reporting and recordkeeping requirements designed to 
        ensure that--
                    (A) complaints of sexual harassment at schools of 
                the Activity are handled--
                          (i) with professionalism and consistency; and
                          (ii) in a manner that permits coordinators 
                      referred to in paragraph (3) to track trends in 
                      incidents of sexual harassment and to identify 
                      repeat offenders of sexual harassment; and
                    (B) appropriate members of the local leadership of 
                military communities are held accountable for acting 
                upon complaints of sexual harassment at schools of the 
                Activity.
SEC. 563 <<NOTE: 10 USC 921 note.>> . DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        EDUCATION ACTIVITY MISCONDUCT DATABASE.

    (a) Comprehensive Database.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
consolidate the various databases and mechanisms for the reporting and 
tracking of juvenile misconduct in Department of Defense Education 
Activity (hereinafter in this section referred to as ``DODEA'') schools 
into one comprehensive database for DODEA juvenile misconduct. The 
comprehensive database shall include all unresolved and all 
substantiated allegations of juvenile-on-juvenile sexual misconduct.
    (b) Policy.--The Secretary shall establish a comprehensive policy 
regarding the reporting and tracking of juvenile misconduct cases 
occurring in DODEA schools, including policies establishing appropriate 
safeguards to prevent unauthorized disclosure of sensitive information 
contained in the comprehensive database required by subsection (a).
SEC. 564. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON ACTIVE SHOOTER THREAT 
                        MITIGATION AT SCHOOLS LOCATED ON MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Assessment.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of strategies that may be used to address any security threat 
posed by active shooter incidents at public elementary schools and 
secondary schools located on the grounds of Federal military 
installations.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
that includes the results of the assessment conducted under subsection 
(a).

              Subtitle H--Military Family Readiness Matters

SEC. 571. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MILITARY FAMILY READINESS COUNCIL 
                        MATTERS.

    (a) Member Matters.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1778]]

            (1) Membership.--Paragraph (1)(B) of subsection (b) of 
        section 1781a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in clause (i), by striking ``a member of the 
                armed force to be represented'' and inserting ``a member 
                or civilian employee of the armed force to be 
                represented''; and
                    (B) by striking clause (ii) and inserting the 
                following new clause (ii):
                          ``(ii) One representative, who shall be a 
                      member or civilian employee of the National Guard 
                      Bureau, to represent both the Army National Guard 
                      and the Air National Guard.''.
            (2) Terms.--Paragraph (2) of such subsection is amended--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                      ``clauses (i) and (iii) of''; and
                          (ii) by striking the second sentence; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``three years'' 
                and inserting ``two years''.

    (b) Duties.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``military family 
        readiness by the Department of Defense'' and inserting 
        ``military family readiness programs and activities of the 
        Department of Defense''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) To make recommendations to the Secretary of Defense to 
        improve collaboration, awareness, and promotion of accurate and 
        timely military family readiness information and support 
        services by policy makers, service providers, and targeted 
        beneficiaries.''.

    (c) Annual Reports.--Subsection (e) of such section is amended by 
striking ``February 1'' and inserting ``July 1''.
    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1781a note.>>  Effective Date.--
            (1) In general.--The amendments made by this section shall 
        take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Applicability of membership and term amendments.--The 
        amendments made by subsection (a) shall apply to members of the 
        Department of Defense Military Family Readiness Council 
        appointed after the date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 572. ENHANCEMENT AND CLARIFICATION OF FAMILY SUPPORT SERVICES 
                        FOR FAMILY MEMBERS OF MEMBERS OF SPECIAL 
                        OPERATIONS FORCES.

    Section 1788a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``activities'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``services'';
            (2) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``activity'' and 
        inserting ``service'';
            (3) in subsection (c), by striking ``$5,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$10,000,000''; and
            (4) in subsection (e), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(4) The term `family support services' includes costs of 
        transportation, food, lodging, child care, supplies, fees, and 
        training materials for immediate family members of members of 
        the armed forces assigned to special operations forces while 
        participating in programs under subsection (a).''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1779]]

SEC. 573. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY FOR NONCOMPETITIVE 
                        APPOINTMENTS OF MILITARY SPOUSES BY 
                        FEDERAL AGENCIES.

    (a) Expansion to Include All Spouses of Members of the Armed Forces 
on Active Duty.--Section 3330d of title 5, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking paragraphs (3), (4), and (5); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (6) as paragraph (3);
            (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
        following new subsection (b):

    ``(b) Appointment Authority.--The head of an agency may appoint 
noncompetitively--
            ``(1) a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces on active 
        duty; or
            ``(2) a spouse of a disabled or deceased member of the Armed 
        Forces.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection (c); and
            (4) in subsection (c), as so redesignated, by striking 
        ``subsection (a)(6)'' in paragraph (1) and inserting 
        ``subsection (a)(3)''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 33 of such title <<NOTE: 5 USC 3301 prec.>>  is amended by 
striking the item relating to section 3330d and inserting the following 
new item:

``3330d. Appointment of military spouses.''.

    (c) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is amended to 
read as follows:
``Sec. 3330d. Appointment of military spouses''.

    (d) <<NOTE: 5 USC 3330d note.>>  OPM Limitation and Reports.--
            (1) Relocating spouses.--With respect to the noncompetitive 
        appointment of a relocating spouse of a member of the Armed 
        Forces under subsection (b)(1) of section 3330d of title 5, 
        United States Code, as amended by subsection (a), the Director 
        of the Office of Personnel Management--
                    (A) shall monitor the number of such appointments;
                    (B) shall require the head of each agency with 
                authority to make such appointments under such section 
                to submit an annual report to the Director on such 
                appointments, including information on the number of 
                individuals so appointed, the types of positions filled, 
                and the effectiveness of the authority for such 
                appointments; and
                    (C) not later than 18 months after the date of the 
                enactment of this Act, shall submit a report to the 
                Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
                House of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
                Security and Government Affairs of the Senate on the use 
                and effectiveness of such authority.
            (2) Non-relocating spouses.--With respect to the 
        noncompetitive appointment of a spouse of a member of the Armed 
        Forces other than a relocating spouse described in paragraph 
        (1), the Director of the Office of Personnel Management--
                    (A) shall treat the spouse as a relocating spouse 
                under paragraph (1); and
                    (B) may limit the number of such appointments.

    (e) <<NOTE: 5 USC 3330d note.>>  Sunset.--Effective on the date that 
is 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1780]]

            (1) the authority provided by this section, and the 
        amendments made by this section, shall expire; and
            (2) the provisions of section 3330d of title 5, United 
        States Code, amended or repealed by such section are restored or 
        revived as if such section had not been enacted.
SEC. 574 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1784a note.>> . IMPROVEMENT OF MY CAREER 
                        ADVANCEMENT ACCOUNT PROGRAM FOR MILITARY 
                        SPOUSES.

    (a) Outreach on Availability of Program.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall take appropriate actions to ensure that military spouses who are 
eligible for participation in the My Career Advancement Account program 
of the Department of Defense are, to the extent practicable, made aware 
of the program.
    (b) Comptroller General Report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth such 
recommendations as the Comptroller General considers appropriate 
regarding the following:
            (1) Mechanisms to increase awareness of the My Career 
        Advancement Account program of the Department of Defense among 
        military spouses who are eligible to participate in the program.
            (2) Mechanisms to increase participation in the My Career 
        Advancement Account program among military spouses who are 
        eligible to participate in the program.

    (c) Training for Installation Career Counselors on Program.--The 
Secretaries of the military departments shall take appropriate actions 
to ensure that career counselors at military installations receive 
appropriate training and current information on eligibility for and use 
of benefits under the My Career Advancement Account program, including 
financial assistance to cover costs associated with professional 
recertification, portability of occupational licenses, professional 
credential exams, and other mechanisms in connection with the 
portability of professional licenses.
SEC. 575. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON THE EFFECTS OF PERMANENT 
                        CHANGES OF STATION ON EMPLOYMENT AMONG 
                        MILITARY SPOUSES.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the effects of frequent, permanent changes of station on 
the stability of employment among spouses of members of the Armed 
Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
            (1) An assessment of how frequent, permanent changes of 
        station may contribute to unemployment or underemployment among 
        spouses of members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) An assessment of how unemployment and underemployment 
        among military spouses may affect force readiness.
            (3) Such recommendations as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate regarding legislative or administration actions that 
        may be carried out to achieve force readiness and stabilization 
        through the minimization of the impacts of frequent, permanent 
        changes in station on the stability of employment among military 
        spouses.

    (c) Report.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services

[[Page 132 STAT. 1781]]

of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report that includes 
the results of the assessment with respect to each element described in 
subsection (b).
SEC. 576 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1792 note.>> . PROVISIONAL OR INTERIM 
                        CLEARANCES TO PROVIDE CHILDCARE SERVICES 
                        AT MILITARY CHILDCARE CENTERS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a policy 
to permit the issuance on a provisional or interim basis of clearances 
for the provision of childcare services at military childcare centers.
    (b) Elements.--The policy required by subsection (a) shall provide 
for the following:
            (1) Any clearance issued under the policy shall be temporary 
        and contingent upon the satisfaction of such requirements for 
        the issuance of a clearance on a permanent basis as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Any individual issued a clearance on a provisional or 
        interim basis under the policy shall be subject to such 
        supervision in the provision of childcare services using such 
        clearance as the Secretary considers appropriate.

    (c) Clearance Defined.--In this section, the term ``clearance'', 
with respect to an individual and the provision of childcare services, 
means the formal approval of the individual, after appropriate 
background checks and other review, to provide childcare services to 
children at a military childcare center of the Department of Defense.
SEC. 577 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1561 note prec.>> . MULTIDISCIPLINARY 
                        TEAMS FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS ON CHILD 
                        ABUSE AND OTHER DOMESTIC VIOLENCE.

    (a) Multidisciplinary Teams Required.--
            (1) In general.--Under regulations prescribed by each 
        Secretary concerned, there shall be established and maintained 
        for each military installation, except as provided in paragraph 
        (2), one or more multidisciplinary teams on child abuse and 
        other domestic violence for the purposes specified in subsection 
        (b).
            (2) Single team for proximate installations.--A single 
        multidisciplinary team described in paragraph (1) may be 
        established and maintained under this subsection for two or more 
        military installations in proximity with one another if the 
        Secretary concerned determines, in consultation with the 
        Secretary of Defense, that a single team for such installations 
        suffices to carry out the purposes of such teams under 
        subsection (b) for such installations.

    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of each multidisciplinary team 
maintained pursuant to subsection (a) shall be as follows:
            (1) To provide for the sharing of information among such 
        team and other appropriate personnel on the installation or 
        installations concerned regarding the progress of investigations 
        into and resolutions of incidents of child abuse and other 
        domestic violence involving members of the Armed Forces 
        stationed at or otherwise assigned to the installation or 
        installations.
            (2) To provide for and enhance collaborative efforts among 
        such team and other appropriate personnel of the installation or 
        installations regarding investigations into and resolutions of 
        such incidents.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1782]]

            (3) To enhance the social services available to military 
        families at the installation or installations in connection with 
        such incidents, including through the enhancement of cooperation 
        among specialists and other personnel providing such services to 
        such military families in connection with such incidents.
            (4) To carry out such other duties regarding the response to 
        child abuse and other domestic violence at the installation or 
        installations as the Secretary concerned considers appropriate 
        for such purposes.

    (c) Personnel.--
            (1) In general.--Each multidisciplinary team maintained 
        pursuant to subsection (a) shall be composed of the following:
                    (A) One or more judge advocates.
                    (B) Appropriate personnel of one or more military 
                criminal investigation services.
                    (C) Appropriate mental health professionals.
                    (D) Appropriate medical personnel.
                    (E) Family advocacy case workers.
                    (F) Such other personnel as the Secretary or 
                Secretaries concerned consider appropriate.
            (2) Expertise and training.--Any individual assigned to a 
        multidisciplinary team shall possess such expertise, and shall 
        undertake such training as is required to maintain such 
        expertise, as the Secretary concerned shall specify for purposes 
        of this section in order to ensure that members of the team 
        remain appropriately qualified to carry out the purposes of the 
        team under this section. The training and expertise so specified 
        shall include training and expertise on special victims' crimes, 
        including child abuse and other domestic violence.

    (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military Resources.--
            (1) Use of community resources serving installations.--In 
        providing under this section for a multidisciplinary team for a 
        military installation or installations that benefit from 
        services or resources on child abuse or other domestic violence 
        that are provided by civilian entities in the vicinity of the 
        installation or installations, the Secretary concerned may take 
        the availability of such services or resources to the 
        installation or installations into account in providing for the 
        composition and duties of the team.
            (2) Best practices.--The Secretaries concerned shall take 
        appropriate actions to ensure that multidisciplinary teams 
        maintained pursuant to subsection (a) remain fully and currently 
        apprised of best practices in the civilian sector on 
        investigations into and resolutions of incidents of child abuse 
        and other domestic violence and on the social services provided 
        in connection with such incidents.
            (3) Collaboration.--In providing for the enhancement of 
        social services available to military families in accordance 
        with subsection (b)(3), the Secretaries concerned shall permit, 
        facilitate, and encourage multidisciplinary teams to collaborate 
        with appropriate civilian agencies in the vicinity of the 
        military installations concerned with regard to availability, 
        provision, and use of such services to and by such families.

    (e) Annual Reports.--Not later than March 1 of each year from 2020 
through 2022, each Secretary concerned shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House

[[Page 132 STAT. 1783]]

of Representatives a report on the activities of multidisciplinary teams 
maintained pursuant to subsection (a) under the jurisdiction of such 
Secretary during the preceding year. Each report shall set forth, for 
the period covered by such report, the following:
            (1) A summary description of the activities of the 
        multidisciplinary teams concerned, including the number and 
        composition of such teams, the recurring activities of such 
        teams, and any notable achievements of such teams.
            (2) A description of any impediments to the effectiveness of 
        such teams.
            (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as such Secretary considers appropriate in order to 
        improve the effectiveness of such teams.
            (4) Such other matters with respect to such teams as such 
        Secretary considers appropriate.

    (f) Secretary Concerned.--
            (1) Definition.--In this section, the term ``Secretary 
        concerned'' has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(9) 
        of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) Usage with respect to multiple installations.--For 
        purposes of this section, any reference to ``Secretary 
        concerned'' with respect to a single multidisciplinary team 
        established and maintained pursuant to subsection (a) for two or 
        more military installations that are under the jurisdiction of 
        different Secretaries concerned, shall be deemed to refer to 
        each Secretary concerned who has jurisdiction of such an 
        installation, acting jointly.
SEC. 578 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1788 note.>> . PILOT PROGRAM FOR MILITARY 
                        FAMILIES: PREVENTION OF CHILD ABUSE AND 
                        TRAINING ON SAFE CHILDCARE PRACTICES.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) Purpose.--In order to reduce child abuse and fatalities 
        due to abuse or neglect in covered households, the Secretary of 
        Defense, acting through the Defense Health Agency, shall carry 
        out a pilot program to--
                    (A) provide information regarding safe childcare 
                practices to covered households;
                    (B) identify and assess risk factors for child abuse 
                in covered households; and
                    (C) facilitate connections between covered 
                households and community resources.
            (2) Prohibition on delegation.--The Secretary may not carry 
        out the pilot program through the Family Advocacy Program.
            (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall carry out the pilot 
        program at no fewer than five military installations that 
        reflect a range of characteristics including the following:
                    (A) Urban location.
                    (B) Rural location.
                    (C) Large population.
                    (D) Small population.
                    (E) High incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both.
                    (F) Low incidence of child abuse, neglect, or both.
                    (G) Presence of a hospital or clinic.
                    (H) Lack of a hospital or clinic.
                    (I) Joint installation.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1784]]

                    (J) Serving only one Armed Force.
            (4) Term.--The pilot program shall terminate two years after 
        implementation.
            (5) Design.--The Secretary shall design the pilot program in 
        consultation with military family groups to respond to the needs 
        of covered households.
            (6) Elements.--The pilot program shall include the following 
        elements:
                    (A) Postnatal services, including screening to 
                identify family needs and potential risk factors, and 
                make referrals to appropriate community services with 
                the use of the electronic data described in 
                subparagraphs (F) and (G).
                    (B) The Secretary shall identify at least three 
                approaches to screening, identification, and referral 
                under subparagraph (A) that empirically improve outcomes 
                for parents and infants.
                    (C) Services and resources designed for a covered 
                household by the Secretary after considering the 
                information gained from the screening and identification 
                under subparagraph (A). Such services and resources may 
                include or address the following:
                          (i) General maternal and infant health exam.
                          (ii) Safe sleeping environments.
                          (iii) Feeding and bathing.
                          (iv) Adequate child supervision.
                          (v) Common hazards.
                          (vi) Self-care.
                          (vii) Postpartum depression, substance abuse, 
                      or domestic violence.
                          (viii) Community violence.
                          (ix) Skills for management of infant crying.
                          (x) Other positive parenting skills and 
                      practices.
                          (xi) The importance of participating in 
                      ongoing healthcare for an infant and for treating 
                      postpartum depression.
                          (xii) Finding, qualifying for, and 
                      participating in available community resources 
                      with respect to infant care, childcare, parenting 
                      support, and home visits.
                          (xiii) Planning for parenting or guardianship 
                      of children during deployment and reintegration.
                          (xiv) Such other matters as the Secretary, in 
                      consultation with military families, considers 
                      appropriate.
                    (D) Home visits to provide support, screening and 
                referral services shall be offered as needed. The number 
                of visits offered shall be guided by parental interest 
                and family need, but in general is expected to be no 
                more than three.
                    (E) If a parent is deployed at the time of birth--
                          (i) the first in-home visit under subparagraph 
                      (D) shall, to the extent practicable, incorporate 
                      both parents, in person with the local parent and 
                      by electronic means with the deployed parent; and
                          (ii) another such home visit shall be offered 
                      upon the return of the parent from deployment, and 
                      shall include both parents, if determined in the 
                      best interest of the family.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1785]]

                    (F) An electronic directory of community resources 
                available to covered households and pilot program 
                personnel to help covered households access such 
                resources.
                    (G) An electronic integrated data system to--
                          (i) help pilot program personnel refer 
                      eligible covered beneficiaries to services and 
                      resources under the pilot program;
                          (ii) track usage of such services and 
                      resources and interactions between such personnel 
                      and covered households; and
                          (iii) evaluate the implementation, outcomes, 
                      and effectiveness of the pilot program.

    (b) Voluntary Participation.--Participation in the pilot program 
shall be at the election of a covered beneficiary in an eligible 
household.
    (c) Outreach.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after implementing 
        the pilot program, the Secretary shall notify each covered 
        household of the services provided under subsection (b).
            (2) Covered households with newborns.--No later than 30 days 
        after a birth in a covered household, the Secretary shall 
        contact such covered household to encourage participation in the 
        pilot program.

    (d) Assessments.--
            (1) Number.--The Secretary shall carry out no fewer than 
        five assessments of the pilot program.
            (2) Comparison installations.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall also select such number of other 
        military installations the Secretary determines appropriate as 
        comparison installations for purposes of assessing the outcomes 
        of the pilot.
            (3) Assessment.--The Secretary shall assess each of the 
        following:
                    (A) Success in contacting covered households for 
                participation in the pilot.
                    (B) The percentage of covered households that elect 
                to participate in the pilot program.
                    (C) The extent to which covered households 
                participating in the pilot program are connected to 
                services and resources under the pilot program.
                    (D) The extent to which covered households 
                participating in the pilot program use services and 
                resources under the pilot program.
                    (E) Compliance of pilot program personnel with pilot 
                program protocols.

    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot program under this 
        section. The report shall include a comprehensive description of 
        the assessments under subsection (d), as well as the following:
                    (A) Which installations the Secretary selected for 
                the pilot program under subsection (a)(2).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1786]]

                    (B) Why the Secretary selected the installations 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Names of the installations the Secretary 
                selected as comparison installations under subsection 
                (d)(2).
                    (D) How the pilot program is carried out, including 
                strategy and metrics for evaluating effectiveness of the 
                pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        termination of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to 
        the committees specified in paragraph (1) a final report on the 
        pilot program. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive description of, and findings of, 
                the assessments under subsection (d).
                    (B) A comprehensive description and assessment of 
                the pilot.
                    (C) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action the Secretary determines 
                appropriate, including whether to--
                          (i) extend the term of the pilot program;
                          (ii) expand the pilot program to additional 
                      installations; or
                          (iii) make the pilot program permanent.

    (f) Departmental Implementation.--If the Secretary determines that 
any element of the pilot program is effective, the Secretary shall 
implement such element permanently for the Department of Defense.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered household'' means a household that--
                    (A) contains an eligible covered beneficiary; and
                    (B) is located at a location selected by the 
                Secretary for the pilot program.
            (2) The term ``eligible covered beneficiary'' means a 
        covered beneficiary (as that term is defined in section 1072 of 
        title 10, United States Code) who obtains prenatal or 
        obstetrical care in a military medical treatment facility in 
        connection with a birth covered by the pilot program.
            (3) With respect to a military installation, the term 
        ``community'' means the catchment area for community services of 
        the installation, including services provided on the 
        installation by the Secretary and services provided by State, 
        county, and local jurisdictions in which the installation is 
        located, or in the vicinity of the installation.
SEC. 579. ASSESSMENT AND REPORT ON SMALL BUSINESS ACTIVITIES OF 
                        MILITARY SPOUSES ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS 
                        IN THE UNITED STATES.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct an 
assessment of the feasibility and advisability of permitting military 
spouses to engage in small business activities on military installations 
in the United States and in partnership with commissaries, exchange 
stores, and other morale, welfare, and recreation facilities of the 
Armed Forces in the United States.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) take into account the usage by military spouses of 
        installation facilities, utilities, and other resources in the 
        conduct of small business activities on military installations 
        in

[[Page 132 STAT. 1787]]

        the United States and such other matters in connection with the 
        conduct of such business activities by military spouses as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate; and
            (2) seek to identify mechanisms to ensure that costs and 
        fees associated with the usage by military spouses of such 
        facilities, utilities, and other resources in connection with 
        such business activities does not meaningfully curtail or 
        eliminate the opportunity for military spouses to profit 
        reasonably from such business activities.

    (c) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report that includes the results of the 
assessment, including the results with respect to each element described 
in subsection (b).

                   Subtitle I--Decorations and Awards

SEC. 581 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1121 note prec.>> . ATOMIC VETERANS 
                        SERVICE CERTIFICATE.

    (a) Service Certificate Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
design and produce a military service certificate, to be known as the 
``Atomic Veterans Service Certificate'', to honor retired and former 
members of the Armed Forces who are radiation-exposed veterans (as such 
term is defined in section 1112(c)(3) of title 38, United States Code).
    (b) Distribution of Certificate.--
            (1) Issuance to retired and former members.--At the request 
        of a radiation-exposed veteran, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        issue the Atomic Veterans Service Certificate to the veteran.
            (2) Issuance to next-of-kin.--In the case of a radiation-
        exposed veteran who is deceased, the Secretary may provide for 
        issuance of the Atomic Veterans Service Certificate to the next-
        of-kin of the person.
SEC. 582 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1121 note prec.>> . AWARD OF MEDALS OR 
                        OTHER COMMENDATIONS TO HANDLERS OF 
                        MILITARY WORKING DOGS.

    (a) Program of Award Required.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall carry out a program to provide for the award of one or 
more medals or other commendations to handlers of military working dogs 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary to recognize valor or 
meritorious achievement by such handlers and dogs.
    (b) Medals and Commendations.--Any medal or commendation awarded 
pursuant to a program under subsection (a) shall be of such design, and 
include such elements, as the Secretary of the military department 
concerned shall specify. The Secretary concerned may use an existing 
award to carry out such program.
    (c) Presentation and Acceptance.--Any medal or commendation awarded 
pursuant to a program under subsection (a) may be presented to and 
accepted by the handler concerned on behalf of the handler and the 
military working dog concerned.
    (d) Regulations.--Medals and commendations shall be awarded under 
programs under subsection (a) in accordance with regulations prescribed 
by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this section.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1788]]

SEC. 583. AUTHORIZATION FOR AWARD OF DISTINGUISHED-SERVICE CROSS 
                        TO JUSTIN T. GALLEGOS FOR ACTS OF VALOR 
                        DURING OPERATION ENDURING FREEDOM.

    (a) Waiver of Time Limitations.--Notwithstanding the time 
limitations specified in section 3744 of title 10, United States Code, 
or any other time limitations with respect to the awarding of certain 
medals to persons who served in the Armed Forces, the Secretary of the 
Army may award the Distinguished-Service Cross under section 3742 of 
such title to Justin T. Gallegos for the acts of valor described in 
subsection (b).
    (b) Acts of Valor Described.--The acts of valor referred to in 
subsection (a) are the actions of Justin T. Gallegos on October 3, 2009, 
as a member of the Army in the grade of Staff Sergeant, serving in 
Afghanistan with the 61st Cavalry Regiment, 4th Brigade Combat Team, 4th 
Infantry Division.

           Subtitle J--Miscellaneous Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 591. ANNUAL DEFENSE MANPOWER REQUIREMENTS REPORT MATTERS.

    (a) Date of Submittal.--Subsection (a) of section 115a of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by 
striking ``not later than 45 days after the date on which'' and 
inserting ``on the date on which''.
    (b) Specification of Anticipated Opportunities for Promotion of 
Commissioned Officers.--Subsection (d) of such section is amended by 
adding the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) The opportunities for promotion of commissioned 
        officers anticipated to be estimated pursuant to section 
        623(b)(4) of this title for the fiscal year in which such report 
        is submitted for purposes of promotion selection boards convened 
        pursuant to section 611 of this title during such fiscal 
        year.''.
SEC. 592. BURIAL OF UNCLAIMED REMAINS OF INMATES AT THE UNITED 
                        STATES DISCIPLINARY BARRACKS CEMETERY, 
                        FORT LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS.

    Section 985 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b), by striking ``A person who is 
        ineligible'' in the matter preceding paragraph (1) and inserting 
        ``Except as provided in subsection (c), a person who is 
        ineligible'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (d); and
            (3) by inserting after subsection (b) the following new 
        subsection (c):

    ``(c) Unclaimed Remains of Military Prisoners.--Subsection (b) shall 
not preclude the burial at the United States Disciplinary Barracks 
Cemetery at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, of a military prisoner, including 
a military prisoner who is a person described in section 2411(b) of 
title 38, who dies while in custody of a military department and whose 
remains are not claimed by the person authorized to direct disposition 
of the remains or by other persons legally authorized to dispose of the 
remains.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1789]]

SEC. 593. STANDARDIZATION OF FREQUENCY OF ACADEMY VISITS OF THE 
                        AIR FORCE ACADEMY BOARD OF VISITORS WITH 
                        ACADEMY VISITS OF BOARDS OF OTHER MILITARY 
                        SERVICE ACADEMIES.

    Section 9355 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (d) and inserting the following new subsection:
    ``(d) The Board shall visit the Academy annually. With the approval 
of the Secretary of the Air Force, the Board or its members may make 
other visits to the Academy in connection with the duties of the Board 
or to consult with the Superintendent of the Academy. Board members 
shall have access to the Academy grounds and the cadets, faculty, staff, 
and other personnel of the Academy for the purposes of the duties of the 
Board.''.
SEC. 594. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON MILITARY, NATIONAL, AND PUBLIC 
                        SERVICE MATTERS.

    (a) Definitions.--Section 551(c) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 
2130) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting after ``United States 
        Code)'' the following: ``or active status (as that term is 
        defined in subsection (d)(4) of such section)'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking `` `national service' '' and 
                inserting `` `public service' ''; and
                    (B) by striking ``or State Government'' and 
                inserting ``, State, Tribal, or local government'';
            (3) in paragraph (3)--
                    (A) by striking `` `public service' '' and inserting 
                `` `national service' ''; and
                    (B) by striking ``employment'' and inserting 
                ``participation''; and
            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(4) The term `establishment date' means September 19, 
        2017.''.

    (b) Exception to Paperwork Reduction Act.--Section 555(e) of that 
Act (130 Stat. 2134) is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
            ``(4) Paperwork reduction act.--For purposes of developing 
        its recommendations, the information collection of the 
        Commission may be treated as a pilot project under section 
        3505(a) of title 44, United States Code. In addition, the 
        Commission shall not be subject to the requirements of section 
        3506(c)(2)(A) of such title.''.
SEC. 595 <<NOTE: 10 USC 122a note.>> . PUBLIC AVAILABILITY OF TOP-
                        LINE NUMBERS OF DEPLOYED MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (b), the Secretary 
of Defense shall make publicly available, on a quarterly basis, on a 
website of the Department the top-line numbers of members of the Armed 
Forces deployed for each country as of the date of the submittal of the 
report and the total number of members of the Armed Forces so deployed 
during the quarter covered by the report.
    (b) Waiver.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1790]]

            (1) In general.--The Secretary may waive the requirement 
        under subsection (a) in the case of a sensitive military 
        operation if--
                    (A) the Secretary determines the public disclosure 
                of the number of deployed members of the Armed Forces 
                could reasonably be expected to provide an operational 
                military advantage to an adversary; or
                    (B) members of the Armed Forces are deployed for a 
                period that does not exceed 30 days.
            (2) Notice.-- If the Secretary issues a waiver under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and House of Representatives--
                    (A) a notice of the waiver; and
                    (B) the reasons for the determination to issue the 
                waiver.

    (c) Sensitive Military Operation Defined.--The term ``sensitive 
military operation'' has the meaning given that term in section 130f(d) 
of title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 596. REPORT ON GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICER COSTS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than nine months after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on general and flag officer 
costs.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include cost estimates for direct and indirect costs associated with 
general and flag officers generally and for specific positions in 
accordance with the recommendations of the report of the Office of the 
Secretary of Defense, Office of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation 
titled ``Defining General and Flag Officer Costs'' dated December 2017, 
including--
            (1) direct compensation for all general and flag officers 
        and for specific general and flag officer positions, using the 
        full cost of manpower model to estimate where possible;
            (2) personal money allowances for positions that receive an 
        allowance;
            (3) deferred compensation and health care costs for all 
        general and flag officers and for specific general and flag 
        officer positions;
            (4) costs associated with providing security details for 
        specific general and flag officer positions that merit 
        continuous security;
            (5) costs associated with Government and commercial travel 
        for general and flag officers who qualify for tier one or two 
        travel, including commercial travel costs using defense travel 
        system data;
            (6) general flag officer per diems for specific positions, 
        based on average travel per diem costs;
            (7) costs for enlisted and officer aide housing for general 
        and flag officers generally and for specific general and flag 
        officer positions, including basic housing assistance costs for 
        staff;
            (8) on a case-by-case basis, costs associated with enlisted 
        and officer aide travel, taking into consideration the cost of 
        data collection;
            (9) costs associated with additional support staff for 
        general and flag officers and their travel, equipment, and per 
        diem

[[Page 132 STAT. 1791]]

        costs for all general and flag officers and specific general and 
        flag officer positions based on the average numbers per general 
        or flag officer and estimations using the full cost of manpower 
        model;
            (10) costs associated with the upkeep and maintenance of 
        official residences not captured by basic housing assistance; 
        and
            (11) costs associated with training for general and flag 
        officers generally and specific general and flag officer 
        positions using estimations from the full cost of manpower 
        model.
SEC. 597. STUDY ON ACTIVE SERVICE OBLIGATIONS FOR MEDICAL TRAINING 
                        WITH OTHER SERVICE OBLIGATIONS FOR 
                        EDUCATION OR TRAINING AND HEALTH 
                        PROFESSIONAL RECRUITING.

    (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a briefing and report on the effects of consecutive 
service on active duty service obligations for medical training as they 
relate to other service obligations for education or training.
    (b) Matters Included.--The briefing and report under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) The extent to which consecutive active duty service 
        obligations for medical education and training may affect 
        recruiting and retention of health professionals in the military 
        health system.
            (2) The extent to which the military departments and the 
        Department of Defense use incentive pay authority to recruit and 
        retain health professionals.
            (3) The extent to which the military departments and the 
        Department of Defense consider geographic location and 
        competition in the civilian health professional marketplace when 
        developing incentive pay and competitive salaries.
            (4) A comparison of salaries for--
                    (A) military physicians and dentists with critical 
                medical and dental skills; and
                    (B) civilian physicians and dentists with comparable 
                skills.
            (5) The extent to which consecutive service obligations may 
        result in unintended consequences relating to--
                    (A) general medical officers;
                    (B) residency training;
                    (C) enrollment at the Uniformed Services University; 
                and
                    (D) other matters related to consecutive service 
                obligations on medical training.
            (6) Any other matter the Comptroller General determines is 
        appropriate.
SEC. 598 <<NOTE: 38 USC 2402 note.>> . CRITERIA FOR INTERMENT AT 
                        ARLINGTON NATIONAL CEMETERY.

    (a) Criteria.--The Secretary of the Army, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Defense, shall prescribe revised criteria for interment at 
Arlington National Cemetery that preserve Arlington National Cemetery as 
an active burial ground ``well into the future,'' as that term is used 
in the report submitted by the Secretary

[[Page 132 STAT. 1792]]

of the Army to the Committees on Veterans' Affairs and the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate, dated 
February 14, 2017, and titled ``The Future of Arlington National 
Cemetery: Report on the Cemetery's Interment and Inurnment Capacity 
2017''.
    (b) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Army shall establish the 
criteria under subsection (a) not later than September 30, 2019.
SEC. 599. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS PENDING SUBMITTAL OF REPORT 
                        ON ARMY MARKETING AND ADVERTISING PROGRAM.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Army shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
        Representatives a report on the recommendations contained in the 
        audit conducted by the Army Audit Agency of the Army's Marketing 
        and Advertising Program concerning contract oversight and return 
        on investment.
            (2) Contents.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        address each of the following:
                    (A) The mitigation and oversight measures 
                implemented to assure improved program return and 
                contract management including the establishment of 
                specific goals to measure long-term effects of 
                investments in marketing efforts.
                    (B) The establishment of a review process to 
                regularly evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of 
                marketing efforts including efforts to better support 
                the accessions missions of the Army.
                    (C) The increase of acquisition and marketing 
                experience within the Army Marketing and Research Group 
                (hereafter in this section referred to as the ``AMRG'').
                    (D) A workforce analysis of the AMRG in cooperation 
                with the Office of Personnel Management and industry 
                experts assessing the AMRG organizational structure, 
                staffing, and training, including an assessment of the 
                workplace climate and culture internal to the AMRG.
                    (E) The establishment of an Army Marketing and 
                Advisory Board comprised of senior Army and marketing 
                and advertising leaders and an assessment of industry 
                and service marketing and advertising best practices, 
                including a plan to incorporate relevant practices.
                    (F) The status of the implementation of contracting 
                practices recommended by the Army Audit Agency's audit 
                of contracting oversight of the AMRG contained in Audit 
                Report A-2018-0033-MTH.

    (b) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Not more than 60 percent of the 
amounts authorized to be appropriated or otherwise made available in 
this Act for the AMRG for fiscal year 2019 for advertising and marketing 
activities may be obligated or expended until the Secretary of the Army 
submits the report required by subsection (a).
    (c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall conduct a review of the 
results and implementation of the recommendations of the Army Audit 
Agency Audits of the AMRG on contract oversight

[[Page 132 STAT. 1793]]

and return on investment. Such review shall include an assessment of the 
effects of the implementation of the recommendations on the AMRG 
leadership, workforce and business practices, and return on investment.
SEC. 600. PROOF OF PERIOD OF MILITARY SERVICE FOR PURPOSES OF 
                        INTEREST RATE LIMITATION UNDER THE 
                        SERVICEMEMBERS CIVIL RELIEF ACT.

    Section 207(b)(1) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 U.S.C. 
3937(b)(1)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Proof of military service.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of a servicemember's termination or release from 
                military service, in order for an obligation or 
                liability of the servicemember to be subject to the 
                interest rate limitation in subsection (a), the 
                servicemember shall provide to the creditor written 
                notice and a copy of--
                          ``(i) the military orders calling the 
                      servicemember to military service and any orders 
                      further extending military service; or
                          ``(ii) any other appropriate indicator of 
                      military service, including a certified letter 
                      from a commanding officer.
                    ``(B) Independent verification by creditor.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A creditor may use, in lieu 
                      of notice and documentation under subparagraph 
                      (A), information retrieved from the Defense 
                      Manpower Data Center through the creditor's normal 
                      business reviews of such Center for purposes of 
                      obtaining information indicating that the 
                      servicemember is on active duty.
                          ``(ii) Safe harbor.--A creditor that uses the 
                      information retrieved from the Defense Manpower 
                      Data Center under clause (i) with respect to a 
                      servicemember has not failed to treat the debt of 
                      the servicemember in accordance with subsection 
                      (a) if--
                                    ``(I) such information indicates 
                                that, on the date the creditor retrieves 
                                such information, the servicemember is 
                                not on active duty; and
                                    ``(II) the creditor has not, by the 
                                end of the 180-day period under 
                                subparagraph (A), received the written 
                                notice and documentation required under 
                                that subparagraph with respect to the 
                                servicemember.''.

           TITLE VI--COMPENSATION AND OTHER PERSONNEL BENEFITS

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Repeal of authority for payment of personal money allowances 
           to Navy officers serving in certain positions.
Sec. 602. Eligibility of reserve component members for high-deployment 
           allowance for lengthy or numerous deployments and frequent 
           mobilizations.
Sec. 603. Prohibition on per diem allowance reductions based on the 
           duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel.
Sec. 604. Extension of parking expenses allowance to civilian employees 
           at recruiting facilities.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1794]]

Sec. 605. Eligibility of reserve component members for nonreduction in 
           pay while serving in the uniformed services or National 
           Guard.
Sec. 606. Military Housing Privatization Initiative.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
           authorities.
Sec. 612. Report on imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 621. Extension of certain morale, welfare, and recreation 
           privileges to certain veterans and their caregivers.
Sec. 622. Technical corrections in calculation and publication of 
           special survivor indemnity allowance cost of living 
           adjustments.
Sec. 623. Authority to award damaged personal protective equipment to 
           members separating from the Armed Forces and veterans as 
           mementos of military service.
Sec. 624. Space-available travel on Department of Defense aircraft for 
           veterans with service-connected disabilities rated as total.
Sec. 625. Mandatory increase in insurance coverage under Servicemembers' 
           Group Life Insurance for members deployed to combat theaters 
           of operation.
Sec. 626. Access to military installations for certain surviving spouses 
           and other next of kin of members of the Armed Forces who die 
           while on active duty or certain reserve duty.
Sec. 627. Study and report on development of a single defense resale 
           system.

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

SEC. 601. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR PAYMENT OF PERSONAL MONEY 
                        ALLOWANCES TO NAVY OFFICERS SERVING IN 
                        CERTAIN POSITIONS.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 414 of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (b); and
            (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

    (b) <<NOTE: 37 USC 414 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on December 31, 2018, and shall 
apply with respect to personal money allowances payable under section 
414 of title 37, United States Code, for years beginning after that 
date.
SEC. 602. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR HIGH-
                        DEPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE FOR LENGTHY OR 
                        NUMEROUS DEPLOYMENTS AND FREQUENT 
                        MOBILIZATIONS.

    Section 436(a)(2)(C)(ii) of title 37, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``section 12304b of title 10 or'' after ``under'' the first 
place it appears.
SEC. 603. PROHIBITION ON PER DIEM ALLOWANCE REDUCTIONS BASED ON 
                        THE DURATION OF TEMPORARY DUTY ASSIGNMENT 
                        OR CIVILIAN TRAVEL.

    (a) Members.--Section 474(d)(3) of title 37, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: ``The Secretary 
of a military department shall not alter the amount of the per diem 
allowance, or the maximum amount of reimbursement, for a locality based 
on the duration of the temporary duty assignment in the locality of a 
member of the armed forces under the jurisdiction of the Secretary.''.
    (b) Civilian Employees.--Section 5702(a)(2) of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new sentence: 
``The Secretary of Defense shall not alter the amount

[[Page 132 STAT. 1795]]

of the per diem allowance, or the maximum amount of reimbursement, for a 
locality based on the duration of the travel in the locality of an 
employee of the Department.''.
    (c) Repeals.--
            (1) <<NOTE: 37 USC 474 note.>>  Existing policy and 
        regulations.--The policy, and any regulations issued pursuant to 
        such policy, implemented by the Secretary of Defense on November 
        1, 2014, with respect to reductions in per diem allowances based 
        on duration of temporary duty assignment or civilian travel 
        shall have no force or effect.
            (2) Attempted statutory fix.--Section 672 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
        328; 37 U.S.C. 474 note; 130 Stat. 2178) is repealed.
SEC. 604. EXTENSION OF PARKING EXPENSES ALLOWANCE TO CIVILIAN 
                        EMPLOYEES AT RECRUITING FACILITIES.

    Section 481i(b)(1) of title 37, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``as a recruiter for any'' and inserting ``at a recruiting 
facility''.
SEC. 605. ELIGIBILITY OF RESERVE COMPONENT MEMBERS FOR 
                        NONREDUCTION IN PAY WHILE SERVING IN THE 
                        UNIFORMED SERVICES OR NATIONAL GUARD.

    Section 5538(a) of title 5, United States Code, is amended in the 
matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting ``section 12304b of title 10 
or'' after ``under''.
SEC. 606 <<NOTE: 10 USC 2871 note.>> . MILITARY HOUSING 
                        PRIVATIZATION INITIATIVE.

    (a) Payment Authority.--Each month beginning on the first month 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall pay a 
lessor of covered housing 5 percent of the amount calculated under 
section 403(b)(3)(A)(i) of title 37, United States Code, for the area in 
which the covered housing exists. Any such payment shall be in addition 
to any other payment made by the Secretary to that lessor.
    (b) Plan for MHPI Housing.--Not later than December 1, 2018, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees a long-
range plan to develop measures to consistently address the future 
sustainment, recapitalization, and financial condition of MHPI housing. 
The plan shall include--
            (1) efforts to mitigate the losses incurred by MHPI housing 
        projects because of the reductions to BAH under section 603 of 
        the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 
        (Public Law 114-92; 37 U.S.C. 403(b)(3)(B)); and
            (2) a full assessment of the effects of such reductions (in 
        relation to calculations of market rates for rent and utilities) 
        on the financial condition of MHPI housing.

    (c) Reporting.--The Secretary shall direct the Assistant Secretary 
of Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment to take the 
following steps regarding reports under section 2884(c) of title 10, 
United States Code:
            (1) Provide additional contextual information on MHPI 
        housing to identify any differences in the calculation of debt 
        coverage ratios and any effect of such differences on their 
        comparability.
            (2) Immediately resume issuing such reports on the financial 
        condition of MHPI housing.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1796]]

            (3) Revise Department of Defense guidance on MHPI housing--
                    (A) to ensure that relevant financial data (such as 
                debt coverage ratios) in such reports are consistent and 
                comparable in terms of the time periods of the data 
                collected;
                    (B) to include a requirement that the secretary of 
                each military department includes measures of future 
                sustainment into each assessments of MHPI housing 
                projects; and
                    (C) to require the secretary of each military 
                department to define risk tolerance regarding the future 
                sustainability of MHPI housing projects.
            (4) Report financial information on future sustainment of 
        each MHPI housing project in such reports.
            (5) Provide Department of Defense guidance to the 
        secretaries of the military departments to--
                    (A) assess the significance of the specific risks to 
                individual MHPI housing projects from the reduction in 
                BAH; and
                    (B) identify methods to mitigate such risks based on 
                their significance.
            (6) Not later than December 1, 2018, finalize Department of 
        Defense guidance that clearly defines--
                    (A) the circumstances in which the military 
                departments shall provide notification of housing 
                project changes to the congressional defense committees; 
                and
                    (B) which types of such changes require prior 
                notification to or prior approval from the congressional 
                defense committees.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``BAH'' means the basic allowance for housing 
        under section 403 of title 37, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``covered housing'' means a unit of MHPI 
        housing that is leased to a member of a uniformed service who 
        resides in such unit.
            (3) The term ``MHPI housing'' means housing acquired or 
        constructed under the alternative authority of subchapter IV of 
        chapter 169 of title 10, United States Code (known as the 
        Military Housing Privatization Initiative) on or before 
        September 30, 2014.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

SEC. 611. ONE-YEAR EXTENSION OF CERTAIN EXPIRING BONUS AND SPECIAL 
                        PAY AUTHORITIES.

    (a) Authorities Relating to Reserve Forces.--Section 910(g) of title 
37, United States Code, relating to income replacement payments for 
reserve component members experiencing extended and frequent 
mobilization for active duty service, is amended by striking ``December 
31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
    (b) Title 10 Authorities Relating to Health Care Professionals.--The 
following sections of title 10, United States Code, are amended by 
striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019'':

[[Page 132 STAT. 1797]]

            (1) Section 2130a(a)(1), relating to nurse officer candidate 
        accession program.
            (2) Section 16302(d), relating to repayment of education 
        loans for certain health professionals who serve in the Selected 
        Reserve.

    (c) Authorities Relating to Nuclear Officers.--Section 333(i) of 
title 37, United States Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 
2018'' and inserting ``December 31, 2019''.
    (d) Authorities Relating to Title 37 Consolidated Special Pay, 
Incentive Pay, and Bonus Authorities.--The following sections of title 
37, United States Code, are amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' 
and inserting ``December 31, 2019'':
            (1) Section 331(h), relating to general bonus authority for 
        enlisted members.
            (2) Section 332(g), relating to general bonus authority for 
        officers.
            (3) Section 334(i), relating to special aviation incentive 
        pay and bonus authorities for officers.
            (4) Section 335(k), relating to special bonus and incentive 
        pay authorities for officers in health professions.
            (5) Section 336(g), relating to contracting bonus for cadets 
        and midshipmen enrolled in the Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
        Corps.
            (6) Section 351(h), relating to hazardous duty pay.
            (7) Section 352(g), relating to assignment pay or special 
        duty pay.
            (8) Section 353(i), relating to skill incentive pay or 
        proficiency bonus.
            (9) Section 355(h), relating to retention incentives for 
        members qualified in critical military skills or assigned to 
        high priority units.

    (e) Authority to Provide Temporary Increase in Rates of Basic 
Allowance for Housing.--Section 403(b)(7)(E) of title 37, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``December 31, 2018'' and inserting 
``December 31, 2019''.
SEC. 612. REPORT ON IMMINENT DANGER PAY AND HOSTILE FIRE PAY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report examining the current 
processes for awarding imminent danger pay and hostile fire pay to 
members of the Armed Forces.
    (b) Elements.--This report under this section shall include the 
following:
            (1) An analysis of difficulties in implementing the current 
        system.
            (2) An explanation of how geographic regions are selected to 
        be eligible for such pay and the criteria used to define these 
        regions.
            (3) An examination of whether the current geographic model 
        is the most appropriate way to award such pay, including the 
        following:
                    (A) A discussion of whether the current model most 
                accurately reflects the realities of modern warfare and 
                is responsive enough to the needs of members.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1798]]

                    (B) Whether the Secretary believes it would be 
                appropriate to tie such pay to specific authorizations 
                for deployments (including deployments of special 
                operations forces) in addition to geographic criteria.
                    (C) A description of any change the Secretary would 
                consider to update such pay to reflect the current 
                operational environment.
                    (D) How the Secretary would implement each change 
                under subparagraph (C).
                    (E) Recommendations of the Secretary for related 
                regulations or legislative action.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

SEC. 621 <<NOTE: Purple Heart and Disabled Veterans Equal Access 
                        Act of 2018.>> . EXTENSION OF CERTAIN 
                        MORALE, WELFARE, AND RECREATION PRIVILEGES 
                        TO CERTAIN VETERANS AND THEIR CAREGIVERS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 note.>>  Short Title.--This section may be 
cited as the ``Purple Heart and Disabled Veterans Equal Access Act of 
2018''.

    (b) Commissary Stores and MWR Facilities Privileges for Certain 
Veterans and Veteran Caregivers.--
            (1) Extension of privileges.--Chapter 54 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        section:
``Sec. 1065 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1065.>> . Use of commissary stores and 
                  MWR facilities: certain veterans and caregivers 
                  for veterans

    ``(a) Eligibility of Veterans Awarded the Purple Heart.--A veteran 
who was awarded the Purple Heart shall be permitted to use commissary 
stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of the armed 
forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(b) Eligibility of Veterans Who Are Medal of Honor Recipients.--A 
veteran who is a Medal of Honor recipient shall be permitted to use 
commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of 
the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(c) Eligibility of Veterans Who Are Former Prisoners of War.--A 
veteran who is a former prisoner of war shall be permitted to use 
commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of 
the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(d) Eligibility of Veterans With Service-Connected Disabilities.--
A veteran with a service-connected disability shall be permitted to use 
commissary stores and MWR facilities on the same basis as a member of 
the armed forces entitled to retired or retainer pay.
    ``(e) Eligibility of Caregivers for Veterans.--A caregiver or family 
caregiver shall be permitted to use commissary stores and MWR facilities 
on the same basis as a member of the armed forces entitled to retired or 
retainer pay.
    ``(f) User Fee Authority.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations that impose a user fee on individuals who are 
eligible solely under this section to purchase merchandise at a 
commissary store or MWR retail facility.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1799]]

    ``(2) The Secretary shall set the user fee under this subsection at 
a rate that the Secretary determines will offset any increase in 
expenses arising from this section borne by the Department of the 
Treasury on behalf of commissary stores associated with the use of 
credit or debit cards for customer purchases, including expenses related 
to card network use and related transaction processing fees.
    ``(3) The Secretary shall deposit funds collected pursuant to a user 
fee under this subsection in the General Fund of the Treasury.
    ``(4) Any fee under this subsection is in addition to the uniform 
surcharge under section 2484(d) of this title.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `MWR facilities' includes--
                    ``(A) MWR retail facilities, as that term is defined 
                in section 1063(e) of this title; and
                    ``(B) military lodging operated by the Department of 
                Defense for the morale, welfare, and recreation of 
                members of the armed forces.
            ``(2) The term `Medal of Honor recipient' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 1074h(c) of this title.
            ``(3) The terms `veteran', `former prisoner of war', and 
        `service-connected' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 101 of title 38.
            ``(4) The terms `caregiver' and `family caregiver' have the 
        meanings given those terms in section in section 1720G(d) of 
        title 38.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 54 of title 10, United States 
        Code <<NOTE: 10 USC 1061 prec.>> , is amended by adding at the 
        end the following new item:

``1065. Use of commissary stores and MWR facilities: certain veterans 
           and caregivers for veterans.''.

            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1065 note.>>  Effective date.--Section 
        1065 of title 10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1), 
        shall take effect on January 1, 2020.
            (4) Briefing required.--Not later than October 1, 2019, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a briefing 
        on the plan of the Secretary to implement section 1065 of title 
        10, United States Code, as added by paragraph (1).
SEC. 622. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS IN CALCULATION AND PUBLICATION OF 
                        SPECIAL SURVIVOR INDEMNITY ALLOWANCE COST 
                        OF LIVING ADJUSTMENTS.

    (a) Months for Which Adjustment Applicable.--Paragraph (2) of 
section 1450(m) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``December'' and 
        inserting ``November''; and
            (2) in subparagraph (J), by striking ``for months during any 
        calendar year after 2018'' and inserting ``for months after 
        November 2018''.

    (b) Cost of Living Adjustment.--Paragraph (6) of such section is 
amended--
            (1) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``after 2018'' and 
        inserting ``after november 2018''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1800]]

            (2) by striking subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(A) In general.--Whenever retired pay is increased 
                for a month under section 1401a of this title (or any 
                other provision of law), the amount of the allowance 
                payable under paragraph (1) for that month shall also be 
                increased.
                    ``(B) Amount of increase.--With respect to an 
                eligible survivor of a member of the uniformed services, 
                the increase for a month shall be--
                          ``(i) the amount payable pursuant to paragraph 
                      (2) for months during the preceding 12-month 
                      period; plus
                          ``(ii) an amount equal to a percentage of the 
                      amount determined pursuant to clause (i), which 
                      percentage is the percentage by which the retired 
                      pay of the member would have increased for the 
                      month, as described in subparagraph (A), if the 
                      member was alive (and otherwise entitled to such 
                      pay).
                    ``(C) Rounding down.--The monthly amount of an 
                allowance payable under this subsection, if not a 
                multiple of $1, shall be rounded to the next lower 
                multiple of $1.
                    ``(D) Public notice on amount of allowance 
                payable.--Whenever an increase in the amount of the 
                allowance payable under paragraph (1) is made pursuant 
                to this paragraph, the Secretary of Defense shall 
                publish the amount of the allowance so payable by reason 
                of such increase, including the months for which 
                payable.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1450 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by this section shall take effect on December 1, 2018.
SEC. 623. AUTHORITY TO AWARD DAMAGED PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT 
                        TO MEMBERS SEPARATING FROM THE ARMED 
                        FORCES AND VETERANS AS MEMENTOS OF 
                        MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 152 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2568a <<NOTE: 10 USC 2568a.>> . Damaged personal protective 
                    equipment: award to members separating from 
                    the Armed Forces and veterans

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of a military department, acting 
through a disposition service distribution center of the Defense 
Logistics Agency, may award to a covered individual the demilitarized 
PPE of that covered individual. The award of PPE under this section 
shall be without cost to the covered individual.
    ``(b) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered individual' means--
                    ``(A) a member of the armed forces--
                          ``(i) under the jurisdiction of the Secretary 
                      concerned; and
                          ``(ii) who is separating from the armed 
                      forces; or
                    ``(B) a veteran who was under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary concerned while a member of the armed 
                forces.
            ``(2) The term `PPE' means personal protective equipment 
        that was damaged in combat or otherwise--
                    ``(A) during the deployment of a covered individual; 
                and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1801]]

                    ``(B) after September 11, 2001.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
chapter 152 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2551 prec.>>  is amended by 
adding at the end the following new item:

``2568a. Damaged personal protective equipment: award to members 
           separating from the armed forces and veterans.''.

SEC. 624. SPACE-AVAILABLE TRAVEL ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AIRCRAFT 
                        FOR VETERANS WITH SERVICE-CONNECTED 
                        DISABILITIES RATED AS TOTAL.

    (a) In General.--Subsection (c) of section 2641b of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (4) and (5) as paragraphs 
        (5) and (6), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following new 
        paragraph (4):
            ``(4) Subject to subsection (f), veterans with a permanent 
        service-connected disability rated as total.''.

    (b) Conditions and Limitations.--Such section is further amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following new 
        subsection (f):

    ``(f) Veterans With Service-connected Disabilities Rated as Total.--
(1) Travel may not be provided under this section to a veteran eligible 
for travel pursuant to subsection (c)(4) in priority over any member 
eligible for travel under subsection (c)(1) or any dependent of such a 
member eligible for travel under this section.
    ``(2) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be construed as 
affecting or in any way imposing on the Department of Defense, any armed 
force, or any commercial company with which they contract an obligation 
or expectation that they will retrofit or alter, in any way, military 
aircraft or commercial aircraft, or related equipment or facilities, 
used or leased by the Department or such armed force to accommodate 
passengers provided travel under such authority on account of 
disability.
    ``(3) The authority in subsection (c)(4) may not be construed as 
preempting the authority of a flight commander to determine who boards 
the aircraft and any other matters in connection with safe operation of 
the aircraft.''.
SEC. 625. MANDATORY INCREASE IN INSURANCE COVERAGE UNDER 
                        SERVICEMEMBERS' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE FOR 
                        MEMBERS DEPLOYED TO COMBAT THEATERS OF 
                        OPERATION.

    Section 1967(a)(3) of title 38, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``subparagraphs (B) and 
        (C)'' and inserting ``subparagraphs (B), (C), and (D)''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(D) In the case of a member who elects under paragraph 
        (2)(A) not to be insured under this section, or who elects under 
        subparagraph (B) to be insured for an amount less than the 
        maximum amount provided under subparagraph (A), and who is 
        deployed to a combat theater of operations the member--
                    ``(i) shall be insured under this subchapter for the 
                maximum amount provided under subparagraph (A) for the 
                period of such deployment; and
                    ``(ii) upon the end of such deployment--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1802]]

                          ``(I) shall be insured in the amount elected 
                      by the member under subparagraph (B); or
                          ``(II) shall not be insured, if so elected 
                      under paragraph (2)(A).''.
SEC. 626 <<NOTE: 10 USC 113 note.>> . ACCESS TO MILITARY 
                        INSTALLATIONS FOR CERTAIN SURVIVING 
                        SPOUSES AND OTHER NEXT OF KIN OF MEMBERS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES WHO DIE WHILE ON 
                        ACTIVE DUTY OR CERTAIN RESERVE DUTY.

    (a) Procedures for Access of Surviving Spouses Required.--The 
Secretary of Defense, acting jointly with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, shall establish procedures by which an eligible surviving 
spouse may obtain unescorted access, as appropriate, to military 
installations in order to receive benefits to which the eligible 
surviving spouse may be entitled by law or policy.
    (b) Procedures for Access of Next of Kin Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting jointly 
        with the Secretary of Homeland Security, may establish 
        procedures by which the next of kin of a covered member of the 
        Armed Forces, in addition to an eligible surviving spouse, may 
        obtain access to military installations for such purposes and 
        under such conditions as the Secretaries jointly consider 
        appropriate.
            (2) Next of kin.--If the Secretaries establish procedures 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretaries shall jointly specify 
        the individuals who shall constitute next of kin for purposes of 
        such procedures.

    (c) Considerations.--Any procedures established under this section 
shall--
            (1) be applied consistently across the Department of Defense 
        and the Department of Homeland Security, including all 
        components of the Departments;
            (2) minimize any administrative burden on a surviving spouse 
        or dependent child, including through the elimination of any 
        requirement for a surviving spouse to apply as a personal agent 
        for continued access to military installations in accompaniment 
        of a dependent child;
            (3) take into account measures required to ensure the 
        security of military installations, including purpose and 
        eligibility for access and renewal periodicity; and
            (4) take into account such other factors as the Secretary of 
        Defense or the Secretary of Homeland Security considers 
        appropriate.

    (d) Deadline.--The procedures required by subsection (a) shall be 
established by the date that is not later than one year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``eligible surviving spouse'' means an 
        individual who is a surviving spouse of a covered member of the 
        Armed Forces, without regard to whether the individual remarries 
        after the death of the covered member of the Armed Forces.
            (2) The term ``covered member of the Armed Forces'' means a 
        member of the Armed Forces who dies while serving--
                    (A) on active duty; or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1803]]

                    (B) on such reserve duty as the Secretary of Defense 
                and the Secretary of Homeland Security may jointly 
                specify for purposes of this section.
SEC. 627. STUDY AND REPORT ON DEVELOPMENT OF A SINGLE DEFENSE 
                        RESALE SYSTEM.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study to 
determine the feasibility of consolidating the military resale entities 
into a single defense resale system. Such study shall include the 
following:
            (1) A financial assessment of consolidation of the military 
        resale entities.
            (2) A business case analysis of consolidation of the 
        military resale entities.
            (3) Organizational, operational, and business model 
        integration plans for consolidation of the military resale 
        entities.
            (4) Determinations of which back-office processes and 
        systems associated with finance and payment processing 
        technologies the Secretary could convert to common technologies.

    (b) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees regarding the 
study under subsection (a). That report shall contain the following:
            (1) Details of the internal and external organizational 
        structures of a consolidated defense resale system.
            (2) Recommendations of the Secretaries of each of the 
        military departments regarding the plan to consolidate the 
        military resale entities.
            (3) The costs and associated plan for the merger of 
        technologies or implementation of new technology from a third-
        party provider to standardize financial management and 
        accounting processes of a consolidated defense resale system.
            (4) Best practices to maximize reductions in costs 
        associated with back-office retail payment processing for a 
        consolidated defense resale system.
            (5) A timeline for converting the Defense Commissary Agency 
        into a non-appropriated fund instrumentality under section 
        2484(j) of title 10, United States Code.
            (6) A determination whether the business case analysis 
        supports consolidation of the military resale entities.
            (7) Recommendations of the Secretary for legislation related 
        to consolidation of the military resale entities.
            (8) Other elements the Secretary determines are necessary 
        for a successful evaluation of a consolidation of the military 
        resale entities.

    (c) Prohibition on Use of Funds.--None of the amounts authorized to 
be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act may be obligated 
or expended for the purpose of implementing consolidation of the 
military resale entities until October 1, 2019.
    (d) Military Resale Entities Defined.--In this section the term 
``military resale entities'' means--
            (1) the Defense Commissary Agency;
            (2) the Army and Air Force Exchange Service;
            (3) the Navy Exchange; and
            (4) the Marine Corps Exchange.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1804]]

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Cessation of requirement for mental health assessment of 
           members after redeployment from a contingency operation upon 
           discharge or release from the Armed Forces.
Sec. 702. Pilot program on treatment of members of the Armed Forces for 
           post-traumatic stress disorder related to military sexual 
           trauma.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Improvement of administration of the Defense Health Agency and 
           military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 712. Organizational framework of the military healthcare system to 
           support the medical requirements of the combatant commands.
Sec. 713. Administration of TRICARE dental plans through the Federal 
           Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 714. Streamlining of TRICARE Prime beneficiary referral process.
Sec. 715. Sharing of information with State prescription drug monitoring 
           programs.
Sec. 716. Pilot program on opioid management in the military health 
           system.
Sec. 717. Wounded warrior policy review.
Sec. 718. Medical simulation technology and live tissue training within 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 719. Improvements to trauma center partnerships.
Sec. 720. Improvement to notification to Congress of hospitalization of 
           combat-wounded members of the Armed Forces.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 731. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
           Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
           Fund.
Sec. 732. Joint forces medical capabilities development and 
           standardization.
Sec. 733. Inclusion of gambling disorder in health assessments of 
           members of the Armed Forces and related research efforts.
Sec. 734. Report on requirement for certain former members of the Armed 
           Forces to enroll in Medicare Part B to be eligible for 
           TRICARE for Life.
Sec. 735. Pilot program on earning by special operations forces medics 
           of credit toward a physician assistant degree.
Sec. 736. Strategic medical research plan.
Sec. 737. Comptroller General of the United States review of Defense 
           Health Agency oversight of transition between managed care 
           support contractors for the TRICARE program.
Sec. 738. Comptroller General study on availability of long-term care 
           options for veterans from Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 739. Increase in number of appointed members of the Henry M. 
           Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine.

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

SEC. 701. CESSATION OF REQUIREMENT FOR MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENT OF 
                        MEMBERS AFTER REDEPLOYMENT FROM A 
                        CONTINGENCY OPERATION UPON DISCHARGE OR 
                        RELEASE FROM THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 1074m of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C), by striking ``Once'' and 
        inserting ``Subject to subsection (d), once''; and
            (2) in subsection (d), by striking ``subsection (a)(1)(D)'' 
        and inserting ``subparagraph (C) or (D) of subsection (a)(1)''.
SEC. 702 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1092 note.>> . PILOT PROGRAM ON TREATMENT 
                        OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES FOR POST-
                        TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER RELATED TO 
                        MILITARY SEXUAL TRAUMA.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a pilot 
program to assess the feasibility and advisability of using

[[Page 132 STAT. 1805]]

intensive outpatient programs to treat members of the Armed Forces 
suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from military 
sexual trauma, including treatment for substance abuse, depression, and 
other issues related to such conditions.
    (b) Discharge Through Partnerships.--The pilot program authorized by 
subsection (a) shall be carried out through partnerships with public, 
private, and non-profit health care organizations, universities, and 
institutions that--
            (1) provide health care to members of the Armed Forces;
            (2) provide evidence-based treatment for psychological and 
        neurological conditions that are common among members of the 
        Armed Forces, including post-traumatic stress disorder, 
        traumatic brain injury, substance abuse, and depression;
            (3) provide health care, support, and other benefits to 
        family members of members of the Armed Forces; and
            (4) provide health care under the TRICARE program (as that 
        term is defined in section 1072 of title 10, United States 
        Code).

    (c) Program Activities.--Each organization or institution that 
participates in a partnership under the pilot program authorized by 
subsection (a) shall--
            (1) carry out intensive outpatient programs of short 
        duration to treat members of the Armed Forces suffering from 
        post-traumatic stress disorder resulting from military sexual 
        trauma, including treatment for substance abuse, depression, and 
        other issues related to such conditions;
            (2) use evidence-based and evidence-informed treatment 
        strategies in carrying out such programs;
            (3) share clinical and outreach best practices with other 
        organizations and institutions participating in the pilot 
        program; and
            (4) annually assess outcomes for members of the Armed Forces 
        individually and among the organizations and institutions 
        participating in the pilot program with respect to the treatment 
        of conditions described in paragraph (1).

    (d) Evaluation Metrics.--Before commencement of the pilot program, 
the Secretary shall establish metrics to be used to evaluate the 
effectiveness of the pilot program and the activities under the pilot 
program.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot program authorized by 
        subsection (a). The report shall include a description of the 
        pilot program and such other matters on the pilot program as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        cessation of the pilot program under subsection (f), the 
        Secretary shall submit to the committees of Congress referred to 
        in paragraph (1) a report on the pilot program. The report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot program, including 
                the partnerships under the pilot program as described in 
                subsection (b).
                    (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the pilot 
                program and the activities under the pilot program.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1806]]

                    (C) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate in light of the pilot program, including 
                recommendations for extension or making permanent the 
                authority for the pilot program.

    (f) Termination.--The Secretary may not carry out the pilot program 
authorized by subsection (a) after the date that is three years after 
the date of the enactment of this Act.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

SEC. 711. IMPROVEMENT OF ADMINISTRATION OF THE DEFENSE HEALTH 
                        AGENCY AND MILITARY MEDICAL TREATMENT 
                        FACILITIES.

    (a) Administration of Facilities by Director of Defense Health 
Agency.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 
        10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``Beginning 
                October 1, 2018,'' and inserting ``In accordance with 
                paragraph (4), by not later than September 30, 2021,'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) as 
                paragraphs (3) and (5), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
                new paragraph (2):

    ``(2) In addition to the responsibilities set forth in paragraph 
(1), the Director of the Defense Health Agency shall, commencing when 
the Director begins to exercise responsibilities under that paragraph, 
have the authority--
            ``(A) to direct, control, and serve as the primary rater of 
        the performance of commanders or directors of military medical 
        treatment facilities;
            ``(B) to direct and control any intermediary organizations 
        between the Defense Health Agency and military medical treatment 
        facilities;
            ``(C) to determine the scope of medical care provided at 
        each military medical treatment facility to meet the military 
        personnel readiness requirements of the senior military 
        operational commander of the military installation;
            ``(D) to determine total workforce requirements at each 
        military medical treatment facility;
            ``(E) to direct joint manning at military medical treatment 
        facilities and intermediary organizations;
            ``(F) to address personnel staffing shortages at military 
        medical treatment facilities; and
            ``(G) to select among service nominations for commanders or 
        directors of military medical treatment facilities.'';
                    (D) by inserting after paragraph (3), as 
                redesignated by subparagraph (B), the following new 
                paragraph (4):

    ``(4) The Secretary of Defense shall establish a timeline to ensure 
that each Secretary of a military department transitions the 
administration of military medical treatment facilities from such 
Secretary to the Director of the Defense Health Agency pursuant to 
paragraph (1) by the date specified in such paragraph.''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1807]]

                    (E) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated, by 
                striking ``subsection (a)'' and inserting ``paragraphs 
                (1) and (2)''.
            (2) Combat support responsibilities.--Subsection (d)(2) of 
        such section is amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(C) Ensuring that the Defense Health Agency meets the 
        military medical readiness requirements of the senior military 
        operational commanders of the military installations.''.
            (3) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073c note.>>  Limitation on closures and 
        downsizings in connection with transition of administration.--In 
        carrying out the transition of responsibility for the 
        administration of military medical treatment facilities pursuant 
        to subsection (a) of section 1073c of title 10, United States 
        Code (as amended by paragraph (1)), and in addition to any other 
        applicable requirements under section 1073d of that title, the 
        Secretary of Defense may not close any military medical 
        treatment facility, or downsize any medical center, hospital, or 
        ambulatory care center (as specified in section 1073d of that 
        title), that addresses the medical needs of beneficiaries and 
        the community in the vicinity of such facility, center, 
        hospital, or care center until the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees a report setting forth the 
        following:
                    (A) A description of the methodology and criteria to 
                be used by the Secretary to make decisions to close any 
                military medical treatment facility, or to downsize any 
                medical center, hospital, or ambulatory care center, in 
                connection with the transition, including input from the 
                military department concerned.
                    (B) A requirement that no closure of a military 
                medical treatment facility, or downsizing of a medical 
                center, hospital, or ambulatory care center, in 
                connection with the transition will occur until 90 days 
                after the date on which Secretary submits to the 
                Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
                of Representatives a report on the closure or 
                downsizing.

    (b) Additional Defense Health Agency Organizations.--
            (1) In general.--Section 1073c of such title is further 
        amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (f); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
                new subsection (e):

    ``(e) Additional DHA Organizations.--Not later than September 30, 
2022, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting though the Director of the 
Defense Health Agency, establish within the Defense Health Agency the 
following:
            ``(1) A subordinate organization, to be called the Defense 
        Health Agency Research and Development--
                    ``(A) led, at the election of the Director, by a 
                director or commander (to be called the Director or 
                Commander of Defense Health Agency Research and 
                Development);
                    ``(B) comprised of the Army Medical Research and 
                Materiel Command and such other medical research 
                organizations and activities of the armed forces as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1808]]

                    ``(C) responsible for coordinating funding for 
                Defense Health Program Research, Development, Test, and 
                Evaluation, the Congressionally Directed Medical 
                Research Program, and related Department of Defense 
                medical research.
            ``(2) A subordinate organization, to be called the Defense 
        Health Agency Public Health--
                    ``(A) led, at the election of the Director, by a 
                director or commander (to be called the Director or 
                Commander of Defense Health Agency Public Health); and
                    ``(B) comprised of the Army Public Health Command, 
                the Navy-Marine Corps Public Health Command, Air Force 
                public health programs, and any other related defense 
                health activities that the Secretary considers 
                appropriate, including overseas laboratories focused on 
                preventive medicine, environmental health, and similar 
                matters.''.
            (2) Report on feasibility of further additional organization 
        in dha.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on a study, conducted by the Secretary 
        for purposes of the report, of the feasibility of establishing 
        with the Defense Health Agency a subordinate organization, to be 
        called the Defense Health Agency Education and Training, to be 
        led by the President of the Uniformed Services University of the 
        Health Sciences and to be comprised of the current Medical 
        Education and Training Campus, the Uniformed Services University 
        of the Health Sciences, the medical education and training 
        commands of the Armed Forces, and such other elements, 
        facilities, and commands of the Department of Defense as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.

    (c) Report on Feasibility of Superseding Organization for DHA.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a report on a study, conducted by the 
        Secretary for purposes of the report, of the feasibility of 
        establishing a command, to be called the Defense Health Command, 
        as a superseding organization to the Defense Health Agency.
            (2) Elements.--If the Secretary determines in the report 
        under paragraph (1) that a command as a superseding organization 
        to the Defense Health Agency is feasible, the report shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the required responsibilities 
                of the commander of the command.
                    (B) A description of any current organizations that 
                support the Defense Health Agency to be included in the 
                command.
                    (C) A description of any authorities required for 
                the leadership and direction of the command.
                    (D) Any other matters in the connection with the 
                establishment, operations, and activities of the command 
                that the Secretary considers appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1809]]

SEC. 712 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073c note.>> . ORGANIZATIONAL FRAMEWORK 
                        OF THE MILITARY HEALTHCARE SYSTEM TO 
                        SUPPORT THE MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS OF THE 
                        COMBATANT COMMANDS.

    (a) Organizational Framework Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
        through the Director of the Defense Health Agency, implement an 
        organizational framework for the military healthcare system that 
        most effectively implements chapter 55 of title 10, United 
        States Code, in a manner that maximizes interoperability and 
        fully integrates medical capabilities of the Armed Forces in 
        order to enhance joint military medical operations in support of 
        requirements of the combatant commands.
            (2) Compliance with certain requirements.--The 
        organizational framework, as implemented, shall comply with all 
        requirements of section 1073c of title 10, United States Code, 
        except for the implementation date specified in subsection (a) 
        of such section.

    (b) Defense Health Regions in CONUS.--The organizational framework 
required by subsection (a) shall meet the requirements as follows:
            (1) Defense health regions.--There shall be not more than 
        two defense health regions in the continental United States.
            (2) Leaders.--Each region under paragraph (1) shall be led 
        by a commander or director who is a member of the Armed Forces 
        serving in a grade not higher than major general or rear 
        admiral, and who--
                    (A) shall be selected by the Director of the Defense 
                Health Agency from among members of the Armed Forces 
                recommended by the Secretaries of the military 
                departments for service in such position; and
                    (B) shall be under the authority, direction, and 
                control of the Director while serving in such position.

    (c) Defense Health Regions OCONUS.--The organizational framework 
required by subsection (a) shall provide for the establishment of not 
more than two defense health regions outside the continental United 
States in order--
            (1) to enhance joint military medical operations in support 
        of the requirements of the combatant commands in such region or 
        regions, with a specific focus on current and future contingency 
        and operational plans;
            (2) to ensure the provision of high-quality healthcare 
        services to beneficiaries; and
            (3) to improve the interoperability of healthcare delivery 
        systems in the defense health regions (whether under this 
        subsection, subsection (b), or both).

    (d) Planning and Coordination.--
            (1) Sustainment of clinical competencies and staffing.--The 
        Director of the Defense Health Agency shall--
                    (A) provide in each defense health region under this 
                section healthcare delivery venues for uniformed medical 
                and dental personnel to obtain operational clinical 
                competencies; and
                    (B) coordinate with the military departments to 
                ensure that staffing at military medical treatment 
                facilities in each region supports readiness 
                requirements for members of the Armed Forces and 
                military medical personnel.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1810]]

            (2) Oversight and allocation of resources.--
                    (A) In general.--The Director shall, consistent with 
                section 193 of title 10, United States Code, coordinate 
                with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, through 
                the Joint Staff Surgeon, to conduct oversight and direct 
                resources to support requirements related to readiness 
                and operational medicine support that are validated by 
                the Joint Staff.
                    (B) Supply and demand for medical services.--Based 
                on operational medical force readiness requirements of 
                the combatant commands validated by the Joint Staff, the 
                Director shall--
                          (i) validate supply and demand requirements 
                      for medical and dental services at each military 
                      medical treatment facility;
                          (ii) in coordination with the Surgeons General 
                      of the Armed Forces, provide currency workload for 
                      uniformed medical and dental personnel at each 
                      such facility to maintain skills proficiency; and
                          (iii) if workload is insufficient to meet 
                      requirements, identify alternative training and 
                      clinical practice sites for uniformed medical and 
                      dental personnel, and establish military-civilian 
                      training partnerships, to provide such workload.

    (e) Additional Duties of Surgeons General of the Armed Forces.--
            (1) In general.--The Surgeons General of the Armed Forces 
        shall have the duties as follows:
                    (A) To assign uniformed medical and dental personnel 
                of the military department concerned to military medical 
                treatment facilities for training activities specific to 
                such military department and for operational and 
                training missions, during which assignment such 
                personnel shall be under the operational control of the 
                commander or director of the military medical treatment 
                facility concerned, subject to the authority, direction, 
                and control of the Director of the Defense Health 
                Agency.
                    (B) To ensure the readiness for operational 
                deployment of medical and dental personnel and 
                deployable medical or dental teams or units of the Armed 
                Force or Armed Forces concerned.
                    (C) To provide logistical support for operational 
                deployment of medical and dental personnel and 
                deployable medical or dental teams or units of the Armed 
                Force or Armed Forces concerned.
                    (D) To oversee mobilization and demobilization in 
                connection with the operational deployment of medical 
                and dental personnel of the Armed Force or Armed Forces 
                concerned.
                    (E) To carry out operational medical and dental 
                force development for the military department concerned.
                    (F) In coordination with the Secretary concerned, to 
                ensure that the operational medical force readiness 
                organizations of the Armed Forces support the medical 
                and dental readiness responsibilities of the Director.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1811]]

                    (G) To develop operational medical capabilities 
                required to support the warfighter, and to develop 
                policy relating to such capabilities.
                    (H) To provide health professionals to serve in 
                leadership positions across the military healthcare 
                system.
            (2) Medical force requirements of the combatant commands.--
        The Surgeon General of each Armed Force shall, on behalf of the 
        Secretary concerned, ensure that the uniformed medical and 
        dental personnel serving in such Armed Force receive training 
        and clinical practice opportunities necessary to ensure that 
        such personnel are capable of meeting the operational medical 
        force requirements of the combatant commands applicable to such 
        personnel. Such training and practice opportunities shall be 
        provided through programs and activities of the Defense Health 
        Agency and by such other mechanisms as the Secretary of Defense 
        shall designate for purposes of this paragraph.
            (3) Construction of duties.--The duties of a Surgeon General 
        of the Armed Forces under this subsection are in addition to the 
        duties of such Surgeon General under section 3036, 5137, or 8036 
        of title 10, United States Code, as applicable.

    (f) Report.--Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
that sets forth the following:
            (1) A description of the organizational structure of the 
        office of each Surgeon General of the Armed Forces, and of any 
        subordinate organizations of the Armed Forces that will support 
        the functions and responsibilities of a Surgeon General of the 
        Armed Forces.
            (2) The manning documents for staffing in support of the 
        organizational structures described pursuant to paragraph (1), 
        including manning levels before and after such organizational 
        structures are implemented.
            (3) Such recommendations for legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate in connection with 
        the implementation of such organizational structures and, in 
        particular, to avoid duplication of functions and tasks between 
        the organizations in such organizational structures and the 
        Defense Health Agency.
SEC. 713. ADMINISTRATION OF TRICARE DENTAL PLANS THROUGH THE 
                        FEDERAL EMPLOYEES DENTAL AND VISION 
                        INSURANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Eligibility of Additional Beneficiaries Under Federal Employees 
Dental and Vision Insurance Program.--Section 8951(8) of title 5, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``1076c'' and inserting ``1076a or 
1076c''.
    (b) Administration of TRICARE Dental Plans.--Subsection (b) of 
section 1076a of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
    ``(b) Administration of Plans.--The plans established under this 
section shall be administered by the Secretary of Defense through an 
agreement with the Director of the Office of Personnel Management to 
allow persons described in subsection (a) to enroll in an insurance plan 
under chapter 89A of title 5, in accordance

[[Page 132 STAT. 1812]]

with terms prescribed by the Secretary, including terms, to the extent 
practical, as defined by the Director through regulation, consistent 
with subsection (d) and, to the extent practicable in relation to such 
chapter 89A, other provisions of this section.''.
    (c) <<NOTE: 5 USC 8951 note.>>  Applicability.--The amendments made 
by this section shall apply with respect to the first contract year for 
chapter 89A of title 5, United States Code, that begins on or after 
January 1, 2022.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1076a note.>>  Transition.--To ensure a 
successful transition pursuant to the amendments made by this section in 
the administration of the TRICARE dental plans under section 1076a of 
title 10, United States Code, the Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
the contractor for such plans provides claims information under such 
plans to carriers providing dental coverage under chapter 89A of title 
5, United States Code, after the transition.

    (e) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report 
        on the transition in the administration of the TRICARE dental 
        insurance plan for retirees from administration by the 
        Department of Defense as the TRICARE Retiree Dental Plan to 
        administration by the Office of Personnel Management as part of 
        the Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of lessons learned from the 
                transition of the administration of the TRICARE dental 
                insurance plan for retirees from administration by the 
                Department as the TRICARE Retiree Dental Plan to 
                administration by the Office of Personnel Management as 
                part of the Federal Employees Dental and Vision 
                Insurance Program.
                    (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of the 
                transition.
                    (C) A timeline for the implementation plan for the 
                transition of the administration of the TRICARE dental 
                plans under section 1076a of title 10, United States 
                Code, to administration as part of the Federal Employees 
                Dental and Vision Insurance Program pursuant to the 
                amendments made by this section.
SEC. 714 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1095f note.>> . STREAMLINING OF TRICARE 
                        PRIME BENEFICIARY REFERRAL PROCESS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall streamline the 
process under section 1095f of title 10, United States Code, by which 
beneficiaries enrolled in TRICARE Prime are referred to the civilian 
provider network for inpatient or outpatient care under the TRICARE 
program.
    (b) Objectives.--In carrying out the requirement in subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall meet the following objectives:
            (1) The referral process shall model best industry practices 
        for referrals from primary care managers to specialty care 
        providers.
            (2) The process shall limit administrative requirements for 
        enrolled beneficiaries.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1813]]

            (3) Beneficiary preferences for communications relating to 
        appointment referrals using state-of-the-art information 
        technology shall be used to expedite the process.
            (4) There shall be effective and efficient processes to 
        determine the availability of appointments at military medical 
        treatment facilities and, when unavailable, to make prompt 
        referrals to network providers under the TRICARE program.

    (c) Deadline for Implementation.--The requirement in subsection (a) 
shall be implemented for referrals under TRICARE Prime in calendar year 
2019.
    (d) Evaluation and Improvement.--After 2019, the Secretary shall--
            (1) evaluate the referral process described in subsection 
        (a) not less often than annually; and
            (2) make appropriate improvements to the process in light of 
        such evaluations.

    (e) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``TRICARE program'' and 
``TRICARE Prime'' have the meaning given such terms in section 1072 of 
title 10, United States Code.
SEC. 715. SHARING OF INFORMATION WITH STATE PRESCRIPTION DRUG 
                        MONITORING PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 1074g of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (g) and (h) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following new 
        subsection (g):

    ``(g) Sharing of Information With State Prescription Drug Monitoring 
Programs.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a 
program (to be known as the `Military Health System Prescription Drug 
Monitoring Program') in accordance with this subsection. The program 
shall include a special emphasis on drugs provided through facilities of 
the uniformed services.
    ``(2) The program shall be--
            ``(A) comparable to prescription drug monitoring programs 
        operated by States, including such programs approved by the 
        Secretary of Health and Human Services under section 399O of the 
        Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 280g-3); and
            ``(B) applicable to designated controlled substance 
        prescriptions under the pharmacy benefits program.

    ``(3)(A) The Secretary shall establish appropriate procedures for 
the bi-directional sharing of patient-specific information regarding 
prescriptions for designated controlled substances between the program 
and State prescription drug monitoring programs.
    ``(B) The purpose of sharing of information under this paragraph 
shall be to prevent misuse and diversion of opioid medications and other 
designated controlled substances.
    ``(C) Any disclosure of patient-specific information by the 
Secretary under this paragraph is an authorized disclosure for purposes 
of the health information privacy regulations promulgated under the 
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (Public Law 
104-191).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1814]]

    ``(4)(A) Any procedures developed pursuant to paragraph (3)(A) shall 
include appropriate safeguards, as determined by the Secretary, 
concerning cyber security of Department of Defense systems and 
operational security of Department personnel.
    ``(B) To the extent the Secretary considers appropriate, the program 
may be treated as comparable to a State program for purposes of bi-
directional sharing of controlled substance prescription information.
    ``(5) For purposes of this subsection, any reference to a program 
operated by a State includes any program operated by a county, 
municipality, or other subdivision within that State.''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1079(q) of such title is amended 
by striking ``section 1074g(g)'' and inserting ``section 1074g(h)''.
SEC. 716 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1090 note.>> . PILOT PROGRAM ON OPIOID 
                        MANAGEMENT IN THE MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM.

    (a) Pilot Program.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense 
        Health Agency shall implement a comprehensive pilot program to 
        assess the feasability and advisability of mechanisms to 
        minimize early exposure of beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
        program to opioids and to prevent the progression of 
        beneficiaries to misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
            (2) Opioid safety across continuum of care.--The pilot 
        program shall include elements to maximize opioid safety across 
        the entire continuum of care consisting of patient, physician or 
        dentist, and pharmacist.

    (b) Elements of Pilot Program.--The pilot program shall include the 
following:
            (1) Identification of potential misuse or abuse of opioid 
        medications in pharmacies of military treatment facilities, 
        retail network pharmacies, and the home delivery pharmacy, and 
        the transmission of alerts regarding such potential misuse or 
        abuse of opioids to prescribing physicians and dentists.
            (2) Direct engagement with, education for, and management of 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program to help such 
        beneficiaries avoid misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
            (3) Proactive outreach by specialist pharmacists to 
        beneficiaries under the TRICARE program when identifying 
        potential misuse or abuse of opioid medications.
            (4) Monitoring of beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
        through the use of predictive analytics to identify the 
        potential for opioid abuse and addiction before beneficiaries 
        begin an opioid prescription.
            (5) Detection of fraud, waste, and abuse in connection with 
        opioids.

    (c) Duration.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), the 
        Director shall carry out the pilot program for a period of not 
        more than three years.
            (2) Expansion.--The Director may carry out the pilot program 
        on a permanent basis if the Director determines that the 
        mechanisms under the pilot program successfully reduce

[[Page 132 STAT. 1815]]

        early opioid exposure in beneficiaries under the TRICARE program 
        and prevent the progression of beneficiaries to misuse or abuse 
        of opioid medications.

    (d) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before completion 
        of the pilot program, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
        the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the pilot program.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot program, including 
                outcome measures developed to determine the overall 
                effectiveness of the mechanisms under the pilot program.
                    (B) A description of the ability of the mechanisms 
                under the pilot program to identify misuse and abuse of 
                opioid medications among beneficiaries under the TRICARE 
                program in each pharmacy venue of the pharmacy program 
                of the military health system.
                    (C) A description of the impact of the use of 
                predictive analytics to monitor beneficiaries under the 
                TRICARE program in order to identify the potential for 
                opioid abuse and addiction before beneficiaries begin an 
                opioid prescription.
                    (D) A description of any reduction in the misuse or 
                abuse of opioid medications among beneficiaries under 
                the TRICARE program as a result of the pilot program.

    (e) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
SEC. 717 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>> . WOUNDED WARRIOR POLICY 
                        REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall review and update 
policies and procedures relating to the care and management of 
recovering service members. In conducting such review, the Secretary 
shall consider best practices--
            (1) in the care of recovering service members;
            (2) in the administrative management relating to such care;
            (3) to carry out applicable provisions of Federal law; and
            (4) recommended by the Comptroller General of the United 
        States in the report titled ``Army Needs to Improve Oversight of 
        Warrior Transition Units''.

    (b) Scope of Policy.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary 
shall update policies of the Department of Defense with respect to each 
of the following:
            (1) The case management coordination of members of the Armed 
        Forces between the military departments and the military medical 
        treatment facilities administered by the Director of the Defense 
        Health Agency pursuant to section 1073c of title 10, United 
        States Code, including with respect to the coordination of--
                    (A) appointments;
                    (B) rehabilitative services;
                    (C) recuperation in an outpatient status;
                    (D) contract care provided by a private health care 
                provider outside of a military medical treatment 
                facility;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1816]]

                    (E) the disability evaluation system; and
                    (F) other administrative functions relating to the 
                military department.
            (2) The transition of a member of the Armed Forces who is 
        retired under chapter 61 of title 10, United States Code, from 
        receiving treatment furnished by the Secretary of Defense to 
        treatment furnished by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs.
            (3) Facility standards related to lodging and accommodations 
        for recovering service members and the family members and non-
        medical attendants of recovering service members.

    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense and Secretaries of the military 
departments shall jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the review 
conducted under subsection (a), including a description of the policies 
updated pursuant to subsection (b).
    (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``disability evaluation 
system'', ``outpatient status'', and ``recovering service members'' have 
the meaning given those terms in section 1602 of the Wounded Warrior Act 
(title XVI of Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note).
SEC. 718 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>> . MEDICAL SIMULATION 
                        TECHNOLOGY AND LIVE TISSUE TRAINING WITHIN 
                        THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--
            (1) Use of simulation technology.--Except as provided by 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary of Defense shall use medical 
        simulation technology, to the maximum extent practicable, before 
        the use of live tissue training to train medical professionals 
        and combat medics of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Determination.--The use of live tissue training within 
        the Department of Defense may be used as determined necessary by 
        the medical chain of command.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Secretaries of the 
military departments, shall provide a briefing to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the House of Representatives and the Senate on the use 
and benefit of medical simulation technology and live tissue training 
within the Department of Defense to train medical professionals, combat 
medics, and members of the Special Operations Forces.
    (c) Elements.--The briefing under subsection (b) shall include the 
following:
            (1) A discussion of the benefits and needs of both medical 
        simulation technology and live tissue training.
            (2) Ways and means to enhance and advance the use of 
        simulation technologies in training.
            (3) An assessment of current medical simulation technology 
        requirements, gaps, and limitations.
            (4) An overview of Department of Defense medical training 
        programs, as of the date of the briefing, that use live tissue 
        training and medical simulation technologies.
            (5) Any other matters the Secretary determines appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1817]]

SEC. 719. IMPROVEMENTS TO TRAUMA CENTER PARTNERSHIPS.

    Section 708(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 1071 note) is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``large metropolitan 
        teaching hospitals that have level I civilian'';
            (2) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``with civilian academic medical 
                centers and large metropolitan teaching hospitals''; and
                    (B) by striking ``the trauma centers of the medical 
                centers and hospitals'' and inserting ``trauma 
                centers''; and
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``large metropolitan 
        teaching hospitals'' and inserting ``trauma centers''.
SEC. 720. IMPROVEMENT TO NOTIFICATION TO CONGRESS OF 
                        HOSPITALIZATION OF COMBAT-WOUNDED MEMBERS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    Section 1074l(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``admitted to a military treatment facility within the United 
States'' and inserting ``admitted to any military medical treatment 
facility''.

                  Subtitle C--Reports and Other Matters

SEC. 731. EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY FOR JOINT DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE-
                        DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL 
                        FACILITY DEMONSTRATION FUND.

    Section 1704(e) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 123 Stat. 2573), as most recently amended 
by section 719 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1440), is further amended by striking 
``September 30, 2019'' and inserting ``September 30, 2020''.
SEC. 732. JOINT FORCES MEDICAL CAPABILITIES DEVELOPMENT AND 
                        STANDARDIZATION.

    (a) Process Required.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in coordination 
with the Secretaries of the military departments and the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff, develop a process to establish required joint 
force medical capabilities for members of the Armed Forces that meet the 
operational planning requirements of the combatant commands.
    (b) Process Elements.--The process developed under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A joint medical estimate to determine the medical 
        requirements for treating members of the Armed Forces who are 
        wounded, ill, or injured during military operations, including 
        with respect to environmental health and force health 
        protection.
            (2) A process to review and revise military health related 
        mission essential tasks in order to ensure that such tasks are 
        aligned with health professional knowledge, skills, and 
        abilities.
            (3) A process to standardize the interoperability of medical 
        equipment and capabilities to support the joint force.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1818]]

    (c) Report.--Not later than June 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives a report describing the process developed under 
subsection (a).
SEC. 733 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1071 note.>> . INCLUSION OF GAMBLING 
                        DISORDER IN HEALTH ASSESSMENTS OF MEMBERS 
                        OF THE ARMED FORCES AND RELATED RESEARCH 
                        EFFORTS.

    (a) Inclusion in Next Annual Periodic Health Assessments.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall incorporate medical screening questions 
specific to gambling disorder into the Annual Periodic Health 
Assessments of members of the Armed Forces conducted by the Department 
of Defense during the one-year period beginning 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Inclusion in Certain Surveys.--The Secretary shall incorporate 
into ongoing research efforts of the Department questions on gambling 
disorder, as appropriate, including by restoring such questions to the 
following:
            (1) The first Health Related Behaviors Survey of Active Duty 
        Military Personnel conducted after the date of the enactment of 
        this Act.
            (2) The first Health Related Behaviors Survey of Reserve 
        Component Personnel conducted after that date.

    (c) Reports.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
completion of the assessment referred to in subsection (a), and of each 
survey referred to in subsection (b), as modified pursuant to this 
section, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the findings 
of the assessment or survey in connection with the prevalence of 
gambling disorder among members of the Armed Forces.
SEC. 734. REPORT ON REQUIREMENT FOR CERTAIN FORMER MEMBERS OF THE 
                        ARMED FORCES TO ENROLL IN MEDICARE PART B 
                        TO BE ELIGIBLE FOR TRICARE FOR LIFE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Health 
and Human Services, and the Commissioner of Social Security shall 
jointly submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the House of 
Representatives and the Senate, the Committee on Ways and Means of the 
House of Representatives, and the Committee on Finance of the Senate a 
report on the findings of a study, conducted by the Secretaries for 
purposes of the report, on the requirement that a covered individual 
enroll in the supplementary medical insurance program under part B of 
title XVIII of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) in 
order to be eligible for TRICARE for Life.
    (b) Matters Included.--The study under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) An analysis of whether the requirement described in such 
        subsection affects covered individuals from returning to work.
            (2) The number of individuals who--
                    (A) are retired from the Armed Forces under chapter 
                61 of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) are entitled to hospital insurance benefits 
                under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act 
                pursuant

[[Page 132 STAT. 1819]]

                to receiving benefits for 24 months as described in 
                subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 226(b)(2) of such Act 
                (42 U.S.C. 426(b)(2)); and
                    (C) because of such entitlement, are no longer 
                enrolled in TRICARE Standard, TRICARE Prime, TRICARE 
                Extra, or TRICARE Select.
            (3) The number of covered individuals who would potentially 
        enroll in TRICARE for Life but not enroll in the supplementary 
        medical insurance program under part B of title XVIII of the 
        Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1395j et seq.) if able.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an individual--
                    (A) who is under 65 years of age;
                    (B) who is entitled to hospital insurance benefits 
                under part A of title XVIII of the Social Security Act 
                pursuant to subparagraph (A) or (C) of section 226(b)(2) 
                of such Act (42 U.S.C. 426(b)(2));
                    (C) whose entitlement to a benefit described in 
                subparagraph (A) of such section has terminated due to 
                performance of substantial gainful activity; and
                    (D) who is retired under chapter 61 of title 10, 
                United States Code.
            (2) The terms ``TRICARE for Life'', ``TRICARE Extra'', 
        ``TRICARE Standard'', ``TRICARE Select'', and ``TRICARE Prime'' 
        have the meanings given those terms in section 1072 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
SEC. 735 <<NOTE: 10 USC 2015 note.>> . PILOT PROGRAM ON EARNING BY 
                        SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES MEDICS OF CREDIT 
                        TOWARD A PHYSICIAN ASSISTANT DEGREE.

    (a) In General.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs may conduct a pilot program to assess the feasibility and 
advisability of partnerships between special operations forces and 
institutions of higher education, and health care systems if determined 
appropriate by the Assistant Secretary for purposes of the pilot 
program, through which special operations forces medics earn credit 
toward the master's degree of physician assistant for military 
operational work and training performed by the medics.
    (b) Duration.--The Assistant Secretary shall conduct the pilot 
program for a period not to exceed five years.
    (c) Clinical Training.--Partnerships under subsection (a) shall 
permit medics participating in the pilot program to conduct clinical 
training at medical facilities of the Department of Defense and the 
civilian sector.
    (d) Evaluation.--The evaluation of work and training performed by 
medics for which credits are earned under the pilot program shall comply 
with civilian clinical evaluation standards applicable to the awarding 
of the master's degree of physician assistant.
    (e) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a report on the pilot program that 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A comprehensive framework for the military 
                education to be provided to special operations forces 
                medics

[[Page 132 STAT. 1820]]

                under the pilot program, including courses of 
                instruction at institutions of higher education and any 
                health care systems participating in the pilot program.
                    (B) Metrics to be used to assess the effectiveness 
                of the pilot program.
                    (C) A description of the mechanisms to be used by 
                the Department, medics, or both to cover the costs of 
                education received by medics under the pilot program 
                through institutions of higher education or health care 
                systems, including payment by the Department in return 
                for a military service commitment, tuition or other 
                educational assistance by the Department, use by medics 
                of post-9/11 educational assistance available through 
                the Department of Veterans Affairs, and any other 
                mechanisms the Secretary considers appropriate for 
                purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 180 days after completion 
        of the pilot program, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        committees of Congress referred to in paragraph (1) a final 
        report on the pilot program. The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) An evaluation of the pilot program using the 
                metrics of assessment set forth pursuant to paragraph 
                (1)(B).
                    (B) An assessment of the utility of the funding 
                mechanisms set forth pursuant to paragraph (1)(C).
                    (C) An assessment of the effects of the pilot 
                program on recruitment and retention of medics for 
                special operations forces.
                    (D) An assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of extending one or more authorities for 
                joint professional military education under chapter 107 
                of title 10, United States Code, to warrant officers or 
                enlisted personnel, and if the Secretary considers the 
                extension of any such authorities feasible and 
                advisable, recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action to so extend such authorities.

    (f) Construction of Authorities.--Nothing in this section may be 
construed to--
            (1) authorize an officer or employee of the Federal 
        Government to create, endorse, or otherwise incentivize a 
        particular curriculum or degree track; or
            (2) require, direct, review, or control a State or 
        educational institution, or the instructional content, 
        curriculum, and related activities of a State or educational 
        institution.
SEC. 736. STRATEGIC MEDICAL RESEARCH PLAN.

    (a) Plan.--Not later than 30 days after the date on which the budget 
of the President for fiscal year 2020 is submitted to Congress pursuant 
to section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretaries of the military 
departments, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
comprehensive strategic medical research plan.
    (b) Matters Included.--The plan under subsection (a) shall include 
the following:
            (1) A description of all medical research focus areas of the 
        Department of Defense and a description of the coordination

[[Page 132 STAT. 1821]]

        process to ensure the focus areas are linked to military 
        readiness, joint force requirements, and relevance to 
        individuals eligible for care at military medical treatment 
        facilities or through the TRICARE program.
            (2) A description of the medical research projects funded 
        under the Defense Health Program account and the projects under 
        the Congressional Directed Medical Research Program.
            (3) A description of the process to ensure synergy across 
        the military medical research community in order to address gaps 
        in military medical research, minimize duplication of research, 
        and promote collaboration within research focus areas.
            (4) A description of the efforts of the Secretary to 
        coordinate with other departments and agencies of the Federal 
        Government to increase awareness of complementary medical 
        research efforts that are being carried out through the Federal 
        Government.
SEC. 737 <<NOTE: 10 USC 1073a note.>> . COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE 
                        UNITED STATES REVIEW OF DEFENSE HEALTH 
                        AGENCY OVERSIGHT OF TRANSITION BETWEEN 
                        MANAGED CARE SUPPORT CONTRACTORS FOR THE 
                        TRICARE PROGRAM.

    (a) Briefing and Report on Current Transition.--
            (1) In general.--The Comptroller General of the United 
        States shall provide to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a briefing and a report 
        on a review by the Comptroller General of the oversight 
        conducted by the Defense Health Agency with respect to the 
        current transition between managed care support contractors for 
        the TRICARE program. The briefing shall be provided by not later 
        than July 1, 2019.
            (2) Elements.--The briefing and report under paragraph (1) 
        shall each include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the extent to 
                which the Defense Health Agency provided guidance and 
                oversight to the outgoing and incoming managed care 
                support contractors for the TRICARE program during the 
                transition described in paragraph (1) and before the 
                start of health care delivery by the incoming 
                contractor.
                    (B) A description and assessment of any issues with 
                health care delivery under the TRICARE program as a 
                result of or in connection with the transition, and, 
                with respect to such issues--
                          (i) the effect, if any, of the guidance and 
                      oversight provided by the Defense Health Agency 
                      during the transition on such issues; and
                          (ii) the solutions developed by the Defense 
                      Health Agency for remediating any deficiencies in 
                      managed care support for the TRICARE program in 
                      connection with such issues.
                    (C) A description and assessment of the extent to 
                which the Defense Health Agency has reviewed any lessons 
                learned from past transitions between managed care 
                support contractors for the TRICARE program, and 
                incorporated such lessons into the transition.
                    (D) A review of the Department of Defense briefing 
                provided in accordance with the provisions of the Report

[[Page 132 STAT. 1822]]

                of the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
                Representatives to Accompany H.R. 5515 (115th Congress; 
                House Report 115-676) on TRICARE Managed Care Support 
                Contractor Reporting.

    (b) Report on Future Transitions.--Not later than 270 days after the 
completion of any future transition between managed care support 
contractors for the TRICARE program, the Comptroller General shall 
submit to the committees of Congress referred to in subsection (a)(1) a 
report on a review by the Comptroller General of the oversight conducted 
by the Defense Health Agency with respect to such transition. The report 
shall include each description and assessment specified in subparagraphs 
(A) through (C) of subsection (a)(2) with respect to such transition.
    (c) TRICARE Program Defined.--In this section, the term ``TRICARE 
program'' has the meaning given that term in section 1072 of title 10, 
United States Code.
SEC. 738. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY ON AVAILABILITY OF LONG-TERM 
                        CARE OPTIONS FOR VETERANS FROM DEPARTMENT 
                        OF VETERANS AFFAIRS.

    (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the availability of long-term care options from the 
Department of Veterans Affairs for veterans with combat-related 
disabilities, including veterans who served in the Armed Forces after 
September 11, 2001.
    (b) Elements.--The study required by subsection (a) shall--
            (1) determine the potential demand for long-term care by 
        veterans eligible for health care from the Department;
            (2) determine the capacity of the Department for providing 
        all four levels of long-term care, which are independent living, 
        assisted living, nursing home care, and memory care;
            (3) identify the number of veterans with combat-related 
        disabilities who require a personal care assistant and which 
        facilities of the Department provide this service; and
            (4) examine the value of long-term care benefits provided by 
        the Department, including personal care assistant services, to 
        identify the potential elements of a pilot program that affords 
        aging veterans the choice of receiving long-term care benefits 
        at nonprofit continuing care retirement communities.

    (c) Report.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the Comptroller General 
shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on 
Veterans' Affairs of the Senate and the Committee on Armed Services and 
the Committee on Veterans' Affairs of the House of Representatives a 
report on the study conducted under this section.
SEC. 739. INCREASE IN NUMBER OF APPOINTED MEMBERS OF THE HENRY M. 
                        JACKSON FOUNDATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF 
                        MILITARY MEDICINE.

    Section 178(c)(1)(C) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``four members'' and inserting ``six members''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1823]]

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

Sec. 800. Effective dates; coordination of amendments.

Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and Regulations

 Part I--Consolidation of Defense Acquisition Statutes in New Part V of 
               Subtitle A of Title 10, United States Code

Sec. 801. Framework for new part V of subtitle A.

Part II--Redesignation of Sections and Chapters of Subtitles B, C, and D 
              to Provide Room for New Part V of Subtitle A

Sec. 806. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle D of title 
           10, United States Code--Air Force.
Sec. 807. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle C of title 
           10, United States Code--Navy and Marine Corps.
Sec. 808. Redesignation of sections and chapters of subtitle B of title 
           10, United States Code--Army.
Sec. 809. Cross references to redesignated sections and chapters.

   Part III--Repeals of Certain Provisions of Defense Acquisition Law

Sec. 811. Amendment to and repeal of statutory requirements for certain 
           positions or offices in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Repeal of certain defense acquisition laws.
Sec. 813. Repeal of certain Department of Defense reporting 
           requirements.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 816. Modification of limitations on single source task or delivery 
           order contracts.
Sec. 817. Preliminary cost analysis requirement for exercise of 
           multiyear contract authority.
Sec. 818. Revision of requirement to submit information on services 
           contracts to Congress.
Sec. 819. Data collection and inventory for services contracts.
Sec. 820. Report on clarification of services contracting definitions.
Sec. 821. Increase in micro-purchase threshold applicable to Department 
           of Defense.
Sec. 822. Department of Defense contracting dispute matters.
Sec. 823. Inclusion of best available information regarding past 
           performance of subcontractors and joint venture partners.
Sec. 824. Subcontracting price and approved purchasing systems.
Sec. 825. Modification of criteria for waivers of requirement for 
           certified cost and price data.

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

Sec. 831. Revisions in authority relating to program cost targets and 
           fielding targets for major defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 832. Implementation of recommendations of the Independent Study on 
           Consideration of Sustainment in Weapons Systems Life Cycle.
Sec. 833. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
           related initiatives.

           Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

Sec. 836. Revision of definition of commercial item for purposes of 
           Federal acquisition statutes.
Sec. 837. Limitation on applicability to Department of Defense 
           commercial contracts of certain provisions of law.
Sec. 838. Modifications to procurement through commercial e-commerce 
           portals.
Sec. 839. Review of Federal acquisition regulations on commercial 
           products, commercial services, and commercially available 
           off-the-shelf items.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Report on limited sourcing of specific components for Naval 
           vessels.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1824]]

Sec. 842. Removal of national interest determination requirements for 
           certain entities.
Sec. 843. Pilot program to test machine-vision technologies to determine 
           the authenticity and security of microelectronic parts in 
           weapon systems.
Sec. 844. Limitation on certain procurements application process.
Sec. 845. Report on defense electronics industrial base.
Sec. 846. Support for defense manufacturing communities to support the 
           defense industrial base.
Sec. 847. Limitation on procurement of certain items for T-AO-205 
           program.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

Sec. 851. Department of Defense small business strategy.
Sec. 852. Prompt payments of small business contractors.
Sec. 853. Increased participation in the Small Business Administration 
           microloan program.
Sec. 854. Amendments to Small Business Innovation Research Program and 
           Small Business Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 855. Construction contract administration.
Sec. 856. Comptroller General study of impact of broadband speed and 
           price on small businesses.
Sec. 857. Consolidated budget display for the Department of Defense 
           Small Business Innovation Research Program and Small Business 
           Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 858. Funding for procurement technical assistance program.
Sec. 859. Authorization for payment of certain costs relating to 
           procurement technical assistance centers.
Sec. 860. Commercialization Assistance Pilot Program.
Sec. 861. Puerto Rico businesses.
Sec. 862. Opportunities for employee-owned business concerns through 
           Small Business Administration loan programs.

  Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

Sec. 865. Validation of proprietary and technical data.
Sec. 866. Continuation of technical data rights during challenges.
Sec. 867. Requirement for negotiation of technical data price before 
           sustainment of major weapon systems.
Sec. 868. Implementation of recommendations of the final report of the 
           Defense Science Board Task Force on the Design and 
           Acquisition of Software for Defense Systems.
Sec. 869. Implementation of pilot program to use agile or iterative 
           development methods required under section 873 of the 
           National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.
Sec. 870. Report on requiring access to digital technical data in future 
           acquisitions of combat, combat service, and combat support 
           systems.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 871. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
           allied foreign nations.
Sec. 872. Extension of prohibition on providing funds to the enemy.
Sec. 873. Data, policy, and reporting on the use of other transactions.
Sec. 874. Standardization of formatting and public accessibility of 
           Department of Defense reports to Congress.
Sec. 875. Promotion of the use of Government-wide and other interagency 
           contracts.
Sec. 876. Increasing competition at the task order level.
Sec. 877. Individual acquisition for commercial leasing services.
Sec. 878. Procurement administrative lead time definition and plan.
Sec. 879. Briefing on funding of product support strategies.
Sec. 880. Use of lowest price technically acceptable source selection 
           process.
Sec. 881. Permanent Supply Chain Risk Management Authority.
Sec. 882. Review of market research.
Sec. 883. Establishment of integrated review team on defense acquisition 
           industry-government exchange.
Sec. 884. Exchange program for acquisition workforce employees.
Sec. 885. Process to limit foreign access to technology.
Sec. 886. Procurement of telecommunications supplies for experimental 
           purposes.
Sec. 887. Access by developmental and operational testing activities to 
           data regarding modeling and simulation activity.
Sec. 888. Instruction on pilot program regarding employment of persons 
           with disabilities.
Sec. 889. Prohibition on certain telecommunications and video 
           surveillance services or equipment.
Sec. 890. Pilot program to accelerate contracting and pricing processes.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1825]]

SEC. 800 <<NOTE: 10 USC 3001 note prec.>> . EFFECTIVE DATES; 
                        COORDINATION OF AMENDMENTS.

    (a) Effective Dates.--
            (1) Parts i and ii.--Parts I and II of this subtitle, and 
        the redesignations and amendments made by such parts, shall take 
        effect on February 1, 2019.
            (2) Part iii.--Part III of this subtitle shall take effect 
        on the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) Coordination of Amendments.--The redesignations and amendments 
made by part II of this subtitle shall be executed before the amendments 
made by part I of this subtitle.
    (c) Rule for Certain Redesignations.--In the case of a redesignation 
specified in part II of this subtitle (1) that is to be made to a 
section of subtitle B, C, or D of title 10, United States Code, for 
which the current section designation consists of a four-digit number 
and a letter, and (2) that is directed to be made by the addition of a 
specified number to the current section designation, the new section 
designation shall consist of a new four-digit number and the same 
letter, with the new four-digit number being the number that is the sum 
of the specified number and the four-digit number in the current section 
designation.

Subtitle A--Streamlining of Defense Acquisition Statutes and Regulations

 PART I--CONSOLIDATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES IN NEW PART V OF 
               SUBTITLE A OF TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE

SEC. 801. FRAMEWORK FOR NEW PART V OF SUBTITLE A.

    (a) In General.--Subtitle A of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new part:

``PART V <<NOTE: 10 USC 3001 prec.>> --ACQUISITION
``Chap.                                                             Sec.

                     <SUP>``subpart</SUP> a--general

</SUP>``201. Definitions..........................................  3001
``203. General Matters............................................  3021
``205. Defense Acquisition System.................................  3051
``207. Budgeting and Appropriations Matters.......................  3101
``209. Operational Contract Support...............................  3151

           <SUP>``subpart</SUP> b--acquisition</SUP> planning

</SUP>``221. Planning and Solicitation Generally..................  3201
``223. Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or 
Services..........................................................  3251

   <SUP>``subpart</SUP> c--contracting</SUP> methods</SUP> and</SUP> 
                          contract</SUP> types

</SUP>``241. Awarding of Contracts................................  3301
``243. Specific Types of Contracts................................  3351
``245. Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award 
Contracts)........................................................  3401
``247. Acquisition of Commercial Items............................  3451
``249. Multiyear Contracts........................................  3501
``251. Simplified Acquisition Procedures..........................  3551
``253. Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions...........................  3601
``255. Contracting With or Through Other Agencies.................  3651

[[Page 132 STAT. 1826]]

  <SUP>``subpart</SUP> d--general</SUP> contracting</SUP> requirements

</SUP>``271. Truthful Cost or Pricing Data........................  3701
``273. Allowable Costs............................................  3741
``275. Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data.............  3771
``277. Contract Financing.........................................  3801
``279. Contractor Audits and Accounting...........................  3841
``281. Claims and Disputes........................................  3861
``283. Foreign Acquisitions.......................................  3881
``285. Small Business Programs....................................  3901
``287. Socioeconomic Programs.....................................  3961

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> e--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> major</SUP> defense</SUP> acquisition</SUP> programs</SUP> 
                      and</SUP> major</SUP> systems

</SUP>``301. Major Defense Acquisition Programs...................  4001
``303. Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters.............  4071
``305. Other Matters Relating to Major Systems....................  4121

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> f--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> research,</SUP> development,</SUP> test,</SUP> and</SUP> 
                               evaluation

</SUP>``321. Research and Development Generally...................  4201
``323. Innovation.................................................  4301
``325. Department of Defense Laboratories.........................  4351
``327. Research and Development Centers and Facilities............  4401
``329. Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and 
Evaluation........................................................  4451

<SUP>``subpart</SUP> g--other</SUP> special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
                               contracting

</SUP>``341. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or 
Industrial Type Functions.........................................  4501
``343. Acquisition of Services....................................  4541
``345. Acquisition of Information Technology......................  4571

            <SUP>``subpart</SUP> h--contract</SUP> management

</SUP>``361. Contract Administration..............................  4601
``363. Prohibitions and Penalties.................................  4651
``365. Contractor Workforce.......................................  4701
``367. Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions..........  4751

       <SUP>``subpart</SUP> i--defense</SUP> industrial</SUP> base

</SUP>``381. Defense Industrial Base Generally....................  4801
``383. Loan Guarantee Programs....................................  4861
``385. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement 
Program...........................................................  4881

``Subpart A <<NOTE: 10 USC 3001 prec.>> --General

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3001 prec.>>  201--DEFINITIONS
``Sec. 3001. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3021 prec.>>  203--GENERAL MATTERS
``Sec. 3021. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3051 prec.>>  205--DEFENSE ACQUISITION SYSTEM
``Sec. 3051. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3101 prec.>>  207--BUDGETING AND APPROPRIATIONS 
MATTERS
``Sec. 3101. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

[[Page 132 STAT. 1827]]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3151 prec.>>  209--OPERATIONAL CONTRACT SUPPORT
``Sec. 3151. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 3201 prec.>>  B--Acquisition Planning

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3201 prec.>>  221--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION 
GENERALLY
``Sec. 3201. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3251 prec.>>  223--PLANNING AND SOLICITATION 
RELATING TO PARTICULAR ITEMS OR SERVICES
``Sec. 3251. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

   ``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 3301 prec.>>  C--Contracting Methods and 
Contract Types

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3301 prec.>>  241--AWARDING OF CONTRACTS
``Sec. 3301. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3351 prec.>>  243--SPECIFIC TYPES OF CONTRACTS
``Sec. 3351. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

  ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3401 prec.>>  245--TASK AND DELIVERY ORDER 
CONTRACTS (MULTIPLE AWARD CONTRACTS)
``Sec. 3401. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3451 prec.>>  247--ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL 
ITEMS
``Sec. 3451. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3501 prec.>>  249--MULTIYEAR CONTRACTS
``Sec. 3501. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

   ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3551 prec.>>  251--SIMPLIFIED ACQUISITION 
PROCEDURES
``Sec. 3551. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

[[Page 132 STAT. 1828]]

    ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3601 prec.>>  253--EMERGENCY AND RAPID 
ACQUISITIONS
``Sec. 3601. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3651 prec.>>  255--CONTRACTING WITH OR THROUGH 
OTHER AGENCIES
``Sec. 3651. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

     ``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 3701 prec.>>  D--General Contracting 
Requirements

  ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3701 prec.>>  271--TRUTHFUL COST OR PRICING 
DATA
``Sec. 3701. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3741 prec.>>  273--ALLOWABLE COSTS
``Sec. 3741. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3771 prec.>>  275--PROPRIETARY CONTRACTOR DATA 
AND TECHNICAL DATA
``Sec. 3771. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3801 prec.>>  277--CONTRACT FINANCING
``Sec. 3801. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

   ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3841 prec.>>  279--CONTRACTOR AUDITS AND 
ACCOUNTING
``Sec. 3841. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3861 prec.>>  281--CLAIMS AND DISPUTES
``Sec. 3861. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3881 prec.>>  283--FOREIGN ACQUISITIONS
``Sec. 3881. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3901 prec.>>  285--SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS
``Sec. 3901. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

[[Page 132 STAT. 1829]]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 3961 prec.>>  287--SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS
``Sec. 3961. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

    ``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 prec.>>  E--Special Categories of 
Contracting: Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Systems

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4001 prec.>>  301--MAJOR DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
PROGRAMS
``Sec. 4001. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4071 prec.>>  303--WEAPON SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT 
AND RELATED MATTERS
``Sec. 4071. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4121 prec.>>  305--OTHER MATTERS RELATING TO 
MAJOR SYSTEMS
``Sec. 4121. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

    ``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 4201 prec.>>  F--Special Categories of 
Contracting: Research, Development, Test, and Evaluation

  ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4201 prec.>>  321--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
GENERALLY
``Sec. 4201. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4301 prec.>>  323--INNOVATION
``Sec. 4301. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

   ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4351 prec.>>  325--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
LABORATORIES
``Sec. 4351. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

  ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4401 prec.>>  327--RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT 
CENTERS AND FACILITIES
``Sec. 4401. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

[[Page 132 STAT. 1830]]

    ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4451 prec.>>  329--OPERATIONAL TEST AND 
EVALUATION; DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION
``Sec. 4451. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

 ``Subpart G <<NOTE: 10 USC 4501 prec.>> --Other Special Categories Of 
Contracting

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4501 prec.>>  341--CONTRACTING FOR PERFORMANCE 
OF CIVILIAN COMMERCIAL OR INDUSTRIAL TYPE FUNCTIONS
``Sec. 4501. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4541 prec.>>  343--ACQUISITION OF SERVICES
``Sec. 4541. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

 ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4571 prec.>>  345--ACQUISITION OF INFORMATION 
TECHNOLOGY
``Sec. 4571. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 4601 prec.>>  H--Contract Management

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4601 prec.>>  361--CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION
``Sec. 4601. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4651 prec.>>  363--PROHIBITIONS AND PENALTIES
``Sec. 4651. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4701 prec.>>  365--CONTRACTOR WORKFORCE
``Sec. 4701. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

  ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4751 prec.>>  367--OTHER ADMINISTRATIVE AND 
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
``Sec. 4751. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

[[Page 132 STAT. 1831]]

``Subpart <<NOTE: 10 USC 4801 prec.>>  I--Defense Industrial Base

  ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4801 prec.>>  381--DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE 
GENERALLY
``Sec. 4801. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4861 prec.>>  383--LOAN GUARANTEE PROGRAMS
``Sec. 4861. [Reserved]

    [Reserved]

   ``CHAPTER <<NOTE: 10 USC 4881 prec.>>  385--PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL 
ASSISTANCE COOPERATIVE AGREEMENT PROGRAM
``Sec. 4881. [Reserved]

    ``[Reserved]''.
    (b) Table of Chapters Amendment.--The table of chapters at the 
beginning of subtitle A <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 prec.>>  is amended by adding 
at the end the following new items:

                    <SUP>``Part</SUP> V--ACQUISITION

                       ``subpart</SUP> a--general

</SUP>``201. Definitions.......................................... 3001 
``203. General Matters............................................ 3021 
``205. Defense Acquisition System................................. 3051 
``207. Budgeting and Appropriations Matters....................... 3101 
``209. Operational Contract Support............................... 3151 

           <SUP>``subpart</SUP> b--acquisition</SUP> planning

</SUP>``221. Planning and Solicitation Generally.................. 3201 
``223. Planning and Solicitation Relating to Particular Items or 
Services.......................................................... 3251 

   <SUP>``subpart</SUP> c--contracting</SUP> methods</SUP> and</SUP> 
                          contract</SUP> types

</SUP>``241. Awarding of Contracts................................ 3301 
``243. Specific Types of Contracts................................ 3351 
``245. Task and Delivery Order Contracts (Multiple Award 
Contracts)........................................................ 3401 
``247. Acquisition of Commercial Items............................ 3451 
``249. Multiyear Contracts........................................ 3501 
``251. Simplified Acquisition Procedures.......................... 3551 
``253. Emergency and Rapid Acquisitions........................... 3601 
``255. Contracting With or Through Other Agencies................. 3651 

  <SUP>``subpart</SUP> d--general</SUP> contracting</SUP> requirements

</SUP>``271. Truthful Cost or Pricing Data........................ 3701 
``273. Allowable Costs............................................ 3741 
``275. Proprietary Contractor Data and Technical Data............. 3771 
``277. Contract Financing......................................... 3801 
``279. Contractor Audits and Accounting........................... 3841 
``281. Claims and Disputes........................................ 3861 
``283. Foreign Acquisitions....................................... 3881 
``285. Small Business Programs.................................... 3901 
``287. Socioeconomic Programs..................................... 3961 

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> e--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> major</SUP> defense</SUP> acquisition</SUP> programs</SUP> 
                      and</SUP> major</SUP> systems

</SUP>``301. Major Defense Acquisition Programs................... 4001 
``303. Weapon Systems Development and Related Matters............. 4071 
``305. Other Matters Relating to Major Systems.................... 4121 

    <SUP>``subpart</SUP> f--special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
contracting:</SUP> research,</SUP> development,</SUP> test,</SUP> and</SUP> 
                               evaluation

</SUP>``321. Research and Development Generally................... 4201 
``323. Innovation................................................. 4301 

[[Page 132 STAT. 1832]]

``325. Department of Defense Laboratories......................... 4351 
``327. Research and Development Centers and Facilities............ 4401 
``329. Operational Test and Evaluation; Developmental Test and 
Evaluation........................................................ 4451 

<SUP>``subpart</SUP> g--other</SUP> special</SUP> categories</SUP> of</SUP> 
                               contracting

</SUP>``341. Contracting for Performance of Civilian Commercial or 
Industrial Type Functions......................................... 4501 
``343. Acquisition of Services.................................... 4541 
``345. Acquisition of Information Technology...................... 4571 

            <SUP>``subpart</SUP> h--contract</SUP> management

</SUP>``361. Contract Administration.............................. 4601 
``363. Prohibitions and Penalties................................. 4651 
``365. Contractor Workforce....................................... 4701 
``367. Other Administrative and Miscellaneous Provisions.......... 4751 

       <SUP>``subpart</SUP> i--defense</SUP> industrial</SUP> base

</SUP>``381. Defense Industrial Base Generally.................... 4801 
``383. Loan Guarantee Programs.................................... 4861 
``385. Procurement Technical Assistance Cooperative Agreement 
Program..........................................................4881''.

PART II--REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLES B, C, AND D 
              TO PROVIDE ROOM FOR NEW PART V OF SUBTITLE A

SEC. 806. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE D OF 
                        TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--AIR FORCE.

    (a) Subtitle D, Part III, Section Numbers.--The sections in part III 
of subtitle D of title 10, United States Code, are redesignated as 
follows:
            (1) Chapter 909.--Each section in chapter 909 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 9481-9498.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the 
        section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
        number plus 50.
            (2) Chapter 907.--Each section in chapter 907 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 9481-9484, 9487.>>  is redesignated so that the number of 
        the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
        previous number plus 70.
            (3) Chapters 901 and 903.--Each section in chapter 901 and 
        chapter 903 <<NOTE: 10 USC 9401-9406, 9414-9415, 9417, 9419, 
        9420, 9431-9436, 9438, 9441-9443, 9446-9457, 9459-9462.>>  is 
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 100.

    (b) Subtitle D, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in part II 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
            (1) Chapter 831.--Section 8210 is redesignated as section 
        9110.
            (2) Chapter 833.--Sections 8251, 8252, 8257, and 8258 are 
        redesignated as sections 9131, 9132, 9137, and 9138, 
        respectively.
            (3) Chapter 835.--Sections 8281 and 8310 are redesignated as 
        sections 9151 and 9160, respectively.
            (4) Chapter 839.--Section 8446 is redesignated as section 
        9176.
            (5) Chapter 841.--Sections 8491 and 8503 are redesignated as 
        sections 9191 and 9203, respectively.
            (6) Chapter 843.--Sections 8547 and 8548 are redesignated as 
        sections 9217 and 9218, respectively.
            (7) Chapter 845.--Sections 8572, 8575, 8579, 8581, and 8583 
        are redesignated as sections 9222, 9225, 9229, 9231, and 9233, 
        respectively.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1833]]

            (8) Chapter 849.--Section 8639 is redesignated as section 
        9239.
            (9) Chapter 853.--Sections 8681, 8684, and 8691 are 
        redesignated as sections 9251, 9252, and 9253, respectively.
            (10) Chapter 855.--Section 8723 is redesignated as section 
        9263.
            (11) Chapter 857.--Each section in chapter 857 is 
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 530.
            (12) Chapter 861.--Section 8817 is redesignated as section 
        9307.
            (13) Chapter 867.--Each section in chapter 867 is 
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 400.
            (14) Chapter 869.--Sections 8961, 8962, 8963, 8964, 8965, 
        and 8966 are redesignated as sections 9341, 9342, 9343, 9344, 
        9345, and 9346, respectively.
            (15) Chapter 871.--Sections 8991 and 8992 are redesignated 
        as sections 9361 and 9362, respectively.
            (16) Chapter 873.--Sections 9021, 9025, and 9027 are 
        redesignated as sections 9371, 9375, and 9377, respectively.
            (17) Chapter 875.--Section 9061 is redesignated as section 
        9381.

    (c) Subtitle D, Part I, Section Numbers.--Each <<NOTE: 10 USC 9511 
prec., 9531 prec., 9561 prec., 9591 prec., 9621 prec., 9651 prec., 9681 
prec., 9711 prec., 9741 prec., 9771 prec., 9801 prec., 9831 
prec.>> section in part I of such subtitle is redesignated so that the 
number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
previous number <<NOTE: 10 USC 9401 prec., 9431 prec., 9481 prec., 9491 
prec. 10 USC 9110 prec., 9131 prec., 9151 prec., 9176 prec., 9191 prec., 
9217 prec., 9222 prec., 9239 prec., 9251 prec., 9263 prec., 9271 
prec.>>  plus 1,000.

    (d) Subtitle D Chapter Numbers.--
            (1) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of 
        such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, 
        as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        30.
            (2) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of 
        such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, 
        as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        50.
            (3) Part II chapter numbers.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), each chapter in part II of such subtitle is 
                redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
                redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number 
                plus <<NOTE: 10 USC 9307 prec.>>  80.
                    (B) Other chapters.--
                          (i) Chapter 861 <<NOTE: 10 USC 9311 prec., 
                      9341 prec., 9361 prec., 9371 prec., 9381 prec.>>  
                      is redesignated as chapter 939.
                          (ii) Chapters 867, 869, 871, 873, and 875 are 
                      each redesignated so that the number of the 
                      chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal 
                      to <<NOTE: 10 USC 9011 prec., 9011 prec., 9031 
                      prec., 9061 prec.>>  the previous number plus 74.
            (4) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part 
        I <<NOTE: 10 USC 9011 prec., 9031 prec., 9061 prec., 9110 prec., 
        9131 prec., 9151 prec., 9176 prec., 9191 prec., 9217 prec., 9222 
        prec., 9239 prec., 9251 prec., 9263 prec., 9271 prec., 9307 
        prec., 9311 prec., 9341 prec., 9361 prec., 9371 prec., 9381 
        prec., 9401 prec., 9431 prec., 9481 prec., 9491 prec.>>  of such 
        subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
        redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        100.

    (e) Subtitle D Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
            (1) Tables of sections.--The tables of sections at the 
        beginning of the chapters of such subtitle are revised so as to 
        conform the section references in those tables to the 
        redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), and (c).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1834]]

            (2) <<NOTE: 10 USC 9011 prec., 9110 prec., 9401 prec., 9511 
        prec.>>  Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
        beginning of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the 
        beginning of each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to 
        conform the chapter references and section references in those 
        tables to the redesignations made by this section.
SEC. 807. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE C OF 
                        TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--NAVY AND 
                        MARINE CORPS.

    (a) Subtitle C, Part I, Section Numbers.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
        section in part I of subtitle C of title 10, United States Code, 
        is <<NOTE: 10 USC 8001, 8011-8020, 8022-8028, 8031-8033, 8035-
        8038, 8041-8047, 8061-8063.>>  redesignated so that the number 
        of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
        previous number plus 3,000.
            (2) Chapter 513.--For sections in chapter 513, each section 
        is <<NOTE: 10 USC 8071, 8072; 8075; 8077, 8078, 8079, 8081, 
        8082, 8082a, 8083, 8084, 8088, 8089, 8090.>>  redesignated so 
        that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
        equal to the previous number plus 2,940.

    (b) Subtitle C, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in part II 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
            (1) Chapter 533.--Sections 5441, 5450, and 5451 are 
        redesignated as sections 8101, 8102, and 8103, respectively.
            (2) Chapter 535.--Sections 5501, 5502, 5503, and 5508 are 
        redesignated as sections 8111, 8112, 8113, and 8118, 
        respectively.
            (3) Chapter 537.--Section 5540 is redesignated as section 
        8120.
            (4) Chapter 539.--Sections 5582, 5585, 5587, 5587a, 5589, 
        and 5596 are redesignated as sections 8132, 8135, 8137, 8138, 
        8139, and 8146, respectively.
            (5) Chapter 551.--Each section in chapter 551 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8162-8169, 8171, 8172.>>  is redesignated so that the number 
        of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
        previous number plus 2,220.
            (6) Chapter 553.--Sections 5983, 5985, and 5986 are 
        redesignated as sections 8183, 8185, and 8186, respectively.
            (7) Chapter 555.--The sections in chapter 555 are 
        redesignated as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6011                                 8211
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6012                                 8212
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6013                                 8213
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6014                                 8214
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6019                                 8215
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6021                                 8216
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6022                                 8217
------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 132 STAT. 1835]]

 
6024                                 8218
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6027                                 8219
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6029                                 8220
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6031                                 8221
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6032                                 8222
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6035                                 8225
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6036                                 8226
------------------------------------------------------------------------


            (8) Chapter 557.--Each section in chapter 557 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8241-8247.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the 
        section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
        number plus 2,160.
            (9) Chapter 559.--Section 6113 is redesignated as section 
        8253.
            (10) Chapter 561.--The sections in chapter 561 are 
        redesignated as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6141                                 8261
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6151                                 8262
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6152                                 8263
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6153                                 8264
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6154                                 8265
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6155                                 8266
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6156                                 8267
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6160                                 8270
------------------------------------------------------------------------
6161                                 8271
------------------------------------------------------------------------


            (11) Chapter 563.--Sections 6201, 6202, and 6203 are 
        redesignated as sections 8281, 8282, and 8283, respectively.
            (12) Chapter 565.--Sections 6221 and 6222 are redesignated 
        as sections 8286 and 8287, respectively.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1836]]

            (13) Chapter 567.--Each section in chapter 567 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8291-8308.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the 
        section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
        number plus 2,050.
            (14) Chapter 569.--Section 6292 is redesignated as section 
        8317.
            (15) Chapter 571.--Each section in chapter 571 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8321-8336.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the 
        section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
        number plus 2,000.
            (16) Chapter 573.--Sections 6371, 6383, 6389, 6404, and 6408 
        are redesignated as sections 8371, 8372, 8373, 8374, and 8375, 
        respectively.
            (17) Chapter 575.--Sections 6483, 6484, 6485, and 6486 are 
        redesignated as sections 8383, 8384, 8385, and 8386, 
        respectively.
            (18) Chapter 577.--Section 6522 is redesignated as section 
        8392.

    (c) Subtitle C, Part III, Section Numbers.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
        section in part III of such subtitle is <<NOTE: 10 USC 8411-
        8413, 8415, 8431, 8451-8456, 8458-8481, 8541-8550, 8581-8588.>>  
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 1,500.
            (2) Chapter 609.--Sections 7101, 7102, 7103, and 7104 are 
        redesignated as sections 8591, 8592, 8593, and 8594, 
        respectively.

    (d) Subtitle C, Part IV, Section Numbers.--The sections in part IV 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
            (1) Chapter 631.--Each section in chapter 631 <<NOTE: 10 USC 
        8604, 8605, 8607, 8611, 8612, 8614, 8616, 8619-8629, 8631, 8633-
        8635.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
        redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        1,400.
            (2) Chapter 633.--Each section in chapter 633 is <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8661-8664, 8667, 8669-8671, 8673-8690.>>  redesignated so 
        that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the number 
        equal to the previous number plus 1,370.
            (3) Chapter 637.--Sections 7361, 7362, 7363, and 7364 are 
        redesignated as sections 8701, 8702, 8703, and 8704, 
        respectively.
            (4) Chapter 639.--Sections 7395 and 7396 are redesignated as 
        sections 8715 and 8716, respectively.
            (5) Chapter 641.--Each section in chapter 641 is <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8720-8725, 8727-8733, 8735-8739.>>  redesignated so that the 
        number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to 
        the previous number plus 1,300.
            (6) Chapter 643.--Sections 7472, 7473, 7476, 7477, 7478, 
        7479, 7479a, and 7480 are redesignated as sections 8742, 8743, 
        8746, 8747, 8748, 8749, 8749a, and 8750, respectively.
            (7) Chapter 645.--Sections 7522, 7523, and 7524 are 
        redesignated as sections 8752, 8753, and 8754, respectively.
            (8) Chapter 647.--The sections in chapter 647 are 
        redesignated as follows:


------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Section                        Redesignated Section
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541                                 8761
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7541a                                8761a
------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 132 STAT. 1837]]

 
7541b                                8761b
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7542                                 8762
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7543                                 8763
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7544                                 8764
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7545                                  8765
------------------------------------------------------------------------
7546                                  8766
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 7547                                 8767
------------------------------------------------------------------------


            (9) Chapters 649, 651, 653, and 655.--Each section in 
        chapters 649, 651, 653, and 655 is <<NOTE: 10 USC 8771-8773, 
        8776, 8777, 8779-8782, 8801-8806, 8821-8823, 8851-8881.>>  
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 1,200.
            (10) Chapter 657.--Each section in chapter 657 is <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 8891-8900.>>  redesignated so that the number of the 
        section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
        number plus 1,170.
            (11) Chapter 659.--Sections 7851, 7852, 7853, and 7854 are 
        redesignated as sections 8901, 8902, 8903, and 8904, 
        respectively.
            (12) Chapter 661.--Sections 7861, 7862, and 7863 are 
        redesignated as sections 8911, 8912, and 8913, respectively.
            (13) Chapter 663.--Section 7881 is redesignated as section 
        8921.
            (14) Chapter 665.--Sections 7901, 7902, and 7903 are 
        redesignated as sections 8931, 8932, and 8933, respectively.
            (15) Chapter 667.--Sections 7912 and 7913 are redesignated 
        as sections 8942 and 8943, respectively.
            (16) Chapter 669.--Section 7921 is redesignated as section 
        8951.

    (e) Subtitle C Chapter Numbers.--
            (1) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
        subtitle <<NOTE: 10 USC 8001 prec., 8011 prec., 8031 prec., 8041 
        prec., 8061 prec., 8071 prec.>>  is redesignated so that the 
        number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to 
        the previous number plus 300, except that chapter 513 is 
        redesignated as chapter 809.
            (2) Part II chapter numbers.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), each chapter in part II of such subtitle <<NOTE: 10 
                USC 8162 prec., 8183 prec., 8211 prec., 8241 prec., 8253 
                prec., 8261 prec., 8281 prec., 8286 prec., 8291 prec., 
                8317 prec., 8321 prec., 8371 prec., 8383 prec., 8392 
                prec.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the 
                chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
                previous number plus 270.
                    (B) Other chapters.--Chapter 533 is redesignated as 
                chapter 811, chapter 535 is redesignated as chapter 812, 
                chapter 537 is redesignated as chapter 813, and chapter 
                539 is redesignated as chapter 815.
            (3) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of 
        such subtitle <<NOTE: 10 USC 8411 prec., 8431 prec., 8451 prec., 
        8541 prec., 8581 prec., 8591 prec.>>  is redesignated so that 
        the number of the

[[Page 132 STAT. 1838]]

        chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the previous 
        number plus 250.
            (4) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of 
        such subtitle <<NOTE: 10 USC 8604 prec., 8661 prec., 8701 prec., 
        8715 prec., 8720 prec., 8742 prec., 8752 prec., 8761 prec., 8771 
        prec., 8801 prec., 8821 prec., 8851 prec., 8891 prec., 8901 
        prec., 8911 prec., 8921 prec., 8931 prec., 8942 prec., 8951 
        prec. 10 USC 8001 prec., 8011 prec., 8031 prec., 8041 prec., 
        8061 prec., 8071 prec., 8101 prec., 8111 prec., 8120 prec., 8132 
        prec., 8162 prec., 8183 prec., 8211 prec., 8241 prec., 8253 
        prec., 8261 prec., 8281 prec., 8286 prec., 8291 prec., 8317 
        prec., 8321 prec., 8371 prec., 8383 prec., 8392 prec., 8411 
        prec., 8431 prec., 8451 prec., 8541 prec., 8581 prec., 8591 
        prec., 8604 prec., 8661 prec., 8701 prec., 8715 prec., 8720 
        prec., 8742 prec., 8752 prec., 8761 prec., 8771 prec., 8801 
        prec., 8821 prec., 8851 prec., 8891 prec., 8901 prec., 8911 
        prec., 8921 prec., 8931 prec., 8942 prec., 8951 prec. 10 USC 
        8001 prec., 8101 prec., 8411 prec., 8604 prec. 10 USC 7001, 
        7011-7024, 7031-7038, 7061-7065, 7067-7070, 7032-7035, 7081, 
        7083, 7084. 10 USC 7271-7286.>>  is redesignated so that the 
        number of the chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to 
        the previous number plus 228, except that chapter 631 is 
        redesignated as chapter 861 and chapter 633 is redesignated as 
        chapter 863.

    (f) Subtitle C Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
            (1) Tables of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of each chapter of such subtitle is revised so as to 
        conform the section references in the table to the 
        redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
            (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
        beginning of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the 
        beginning of each part of such subtitle, are revised so as to 
        conform the chapter references and section references in those 
        tables to the redesignations made by this section.
SEC. 808. REDESIGNATION OF SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS OF SUBTITLE B OF 
                        TITLE 10, UNITED STATES CODE--ARMY.

    (a) Subtitle B, Part I, Section Numbers.--Each section in part I of 
subtitle B of title 10, United States Code, is redesignated so that the 
number of the section, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
previous number plus 4,000.
    (b) Subtitle B, Part II, Section Numbers.--The sections in part II 
of such subtitle are redesignated as follows:
            (1) Chapter 331.--Sections 3201 and 3210 are redesignated as 
        sections 7101 and 7110, respectively.
            (2) Chapter 333.--Sections 3251, 3258, and 3262 are 
        redesignated as sections 7131, 7138, and 7142, respectively.
            (3) Chapter 335.--Sections 3281, 3282, and 3283 are 
        redesignated as sections 7151, 7152, and 7153, respectively.
            (4) Chapter 339.--Section 3446 is redesignated as sections 
        7176.
            (5) Chapter 341.--Sections 3491 and 3503 are redesignated as 
        sections 7191 and 7203, respectively.
            (6) Chapter 343.--Sections 3533, 3534, 3536, 3547 and 3548 
        are redesignated as sections 7213, 7214, 7216, 7217, and 7218, 
        respectively.
            (7) Chapter 345.--Sections 3572, 3575, 3579, 3581, and 3583 
        are redesignated as sections 7222, 7225, 7229, 7231, and 7233, 
        respectively.
            (8) Chapter 349.--Section 3639 is redesignated as section 
        7239.
            (9) Chapter 353.--Sections 3681, 3684, and 3691 are 
        redesignated as sections 7251, 7252, and 7253, respectively.
            (10) Chapter 355.--Section 3723 is redesignated as section 
        7263.
            (11) Chapter 357.--Each section in chapter 357 is 
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 3,530.
            (12) Chapter 367.--Each section in chapter 367 <<NOTE: 10 
        USC 7311, 7314, 7317, 7318, 7320, 7321, 7324-7326, 7329.>>  is 
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 3,400.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1839]]

            (13) Chapter 369.--Sections 3961, 3962, 3963, 3964, 3965, 
        and 3966 are redesignated as sections 7341, 7342, 7343, 7344, 
        7345, and 7346, respectively.
            (14) Chapter 371.--Sections 3991 and 3992 are redesignated 
        as sections 7361 and 7362, respectively.
            (15) Chapter 373.--Sections 4021, 4024, 4025, and 4027 are 
        redesignated as sections 7371, 7374, 7375, and 7377, 
        respectively.
            (16) Chapter 375.--Section 4061 is redesignated as section 
        7381.

    (c) Subtitle B, Part III, Section Numbers.--
            (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), each 
        section in part III of such subtitle <<NOTE: 10 USC 7401-7403, 
        7406, 7409, 7414, 7415, 7417-7421, 7431-7438, 7440-7443, 7446-
        7462. 10 USC 7481-7484, 7486, 7487. 10 USC 7532, 7536, 7540-
        7544, 7551-7555, 7561-7565, 7591-7595, 7621, 7622, 7624-7629, 
        7652-7657, 7682-7690, 7712, 7714, 7721-7727, 7749, 7771, 7772, 
        7776-7781, 7801-7804, 7806, 7831, 7837-7842.>>  is redesignated 
        so that the number of the section, as redesignated, is the 
        number equal to the previous number plus 3,100.
            (2) Chapter 407.--Each section in chapter 407 is 
        redesignated so that the number of the section, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 3,070.

    (d) Subtitle B, Part IV, Section Numbers.--Each section in part IV 
of such subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the section, as 
redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 3,000.
    (e) Subtitle B Chapter Numbers.--
            (1) Part I chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part I of such 
        subtitle is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
        redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        400.
            (2) Part II chapter numbers.--
                    (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), each chapter in part II of such subtitle is 
                redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
                redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number 
                plus 380.
                    (B) Other chapters.--Chapters 367, 369, 371, 373, 
                and 375 are each redesignated so that the number of the 
                chapter, as redesignated, is the number equal to the 
                previous number plus 374.
            (3) Part III chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part III of 
        such subtitle <<NOTE: 10 USC 7401 prec., 7431 prec., 7481 
        prec.>>  is redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as 
        redesignated, is the number equal to the previous number plus 
        350.
            (4) Part IV chapter numbers.--Each chapter in part IV of 
        such subtitle <<NOTE: 10 USC 7532 prec., 7551 prec., 7561 prec., 
        7591 prec., 7621 prec., 7652 prec., 7682 prec., 7712 prec., 7721 
        prec., 7749 prec., 7771 prec., 7801 prec., 7831 prec.>>  is 
        redesignated so that the number of the chapter, as redesignated, 
        is the number equal to the previous number plus 330.

    (f) Subtitle B Tables of Sections and Tables of Chapters.--
          * (1) Tables of sections.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of each chapter of such subtitle is revised so as to 
        conform the section references in the table to the 
        redesignations made by subsections (a), (b), (c), and (d).
            (2) Tables of chapters.--The table of chapters at the 
        beginning of such subtitle, and the tables of chapters at the 
        beginning of each part of such subtitle, <<NOTE: 10 USC 7001 
        prec., 7101 prec., 7401 prec., 7532 prec.>>  are revised so as 
        to conform the chapter references and section references in 
        those tables to the redesignations made by this section.

__________

    * Note: Classifications for section 808(f)(1): 10 USC 7001 prec., 
7011 prec., 7031 prec., 7061 prec., 7101 prec., 7131 prec., 7151 prec., 
7176 prec., 7191 prec., 7213 prec., 7222 prec., 7239 prec., 7251 prec., 
7263 prec., 7271 prec., 7311 prec., 7341 prec., 7361 prec., 7371 prec., 
7381 prec., 7401 prec., 7431 prec., 7481 prec., 7532 prec., 7551 prec., 
7561 prec., 7591 prec., 7621 prec., 7652 prec., 7682 prec., 7712 prec., 
7721 prec., 7749 prec., 7771 prec., 7801 prec., 7831 prec.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 132 STAT. 1840]]

SEC. 809. CROSS REFERENCES TO REDESIGNATED SECTIONS AND CHAPTERS.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--Each provision of title 10, 
United States Code (including the table of subtitles preceding subtitle 
A), that contains a reference to a section or chapter redesignated by 
this part is <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 prec., 125, 162, 347, 532, 616, 624, 
631-634, 637-638b, 641, 652, 688, 1074h, 1134a, 1135, 1174, 1176, 1370, 
1402, 1402a, 1406, 1407, 1409, 1447, 1488, 1552, 2208, 2218, 2433, 2474, 
2522, 2547, 2563, 2575, 2780, 7023, 7032, 7033, 7036, 7278, 7282, 7285, 
7311, 7314, 7317, 7318, 7324, 7325, 7326, 7329, 7343, 7345, 7361, 7362, 
7433a, 7442, 7443, 7482-7484, 7629, 7722, 7806, 8023, 8027, 8032, 8033, 
8036, 8037, 8042, 8043, 8083, 8084, 8089, 8139, 8146, 8219, 8243, 8286, 
8298, 8307, 8323, 8325-8327, 8330, 8331, 8333, 8335, 8336, 8371, 8372, 
8451a, 8454, 8456, 8458, 8470a, 8474, 8476, 8481, 8545, 8549, 8585-8587, 
8675, 8686, 8722, 8723, 8725, 8730, 8731, 8737, 8766, 8855, 8859, 8860, 
8881, 8892-8894, 8897, 9023, 9032, 9033, 9039, 9062, 9081, 9229, 9278, 
9282, 9285, 9311, 9314, 9317, 9318, 9324-9326, 9329, 9343, 9345, 9361, 
9362, 9414a, 9415, 9417, 9433a, 9442, 9443, 9482-9484, 9491m, 9494, 
9496, 9498, 10154, 10171-10174, 12009, 12645-12647, 12741, 14108, 
14311.>>  amended so that the reference refers to the number of the 
section or chapter as redesignated.

    (b) Laws Classified as Title 10, United States Code, Note 
Sections.--
            (1) Section 1111 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
        U.S.C. 143 note) is amended by striking ``sections 143, 194, 
        3014, 5014, and 8014'' in subsections (a) and (b) and inserting 
        ``sections 143, 194, 7014, 8014, and 9014''.
            (2) Section 4403(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 1293 
        note) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 
                      3911'' and inserting ``section 7311''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                      ``section 3914'' and inserting ``section 7314'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 
                      6323'' and inserting ``section 8323''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                      ``section 6330'' and inserting ``section 8330''; 
                      and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``section 
                      8911'' and inserting ``section 9311''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B), by striking 
                      ``section 8914'' and inserting ``section 9314''.
            (3) Section 598(d)(4) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 1561 
        note) is amended by striking ``sections 4361, 6980, and 9361'' 
        and inserting ``sections 7461, 8480, and 9461''.
            (4) Section 549(a)(2)(B) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
        U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) is amended by striking ``section 4348, 
        6959, or 9348'' and inserting ``section 7448, 8459, or 9448''.
            (5) Section 505(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 3201 note) 
        is amended by striking ``section 3201'' and inserting ``section 
        7101''.
            (6) Section 586(g)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 3741 
        note) is amended by striking ``section 3744, 6248, or 8744'' and 
        inserting ``section 7274, 8296, or 9274''.
            (7) Section 2 of Public Law 89-650 (10 U.S.C. 4343 note) is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking ``sections 4342(b)(1), 6954(b), and 
                9342(b)(1)'' and inserting ``sections 7442(b)(1), 
                8454(b), and 9442(b)(1) of title 10, United States 
                Code,''; and
                    (B) by striking ``sections 4343, 6956, and 9343 of 
                title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``sections 
                7443, 8456, and 9443 of such title''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1841]]

            (8) Section 323 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note) 
        is amended by striking ``section 4551(2)'' and inserting 
        ``section 7551(2)''.
            (9) Section 343 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 4554 note) is 
        amended by striking ``section 4554(a)(3)(A)'' and inserting 
        ``section 7554(a)(3)(A)''.
            (10) Section 589(c) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 7049 
        note) is amended by striking ``sections 7049(a) and 9314a(a)'' 
        and inserting ``sections 8549(a) and 9414a(a)''.
            (11) Section 131(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 8062 note) is 
        amended by striking ``section 8062'' and inserting ``section 
        9062''.
            (12) Section 2 of Public Law 86-593 (10 U.S.C. 8744 note) is 
        amended by striking ``sections 8744(a) and 8750(b)'' and 
        inserting ``sections 9274(a) and 9280(b)''.

    (c) Title 5, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 5102(c) of title 5, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (10)--
                          (i) by striking ``section 1595, 4021, 7478, or 
                      9021 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 1595, 
                      7371, 8748, or 9371 of title 10'';
                          (ii) by striking ``sections 4338, 6952, and 
                      9338, respectively, of title 10'' and inserting 
                      ``sections 7438, 8452, and 9438, respectively, of 
                      title 10'';
                          (iii) by striking ``section 7044 of title 10'' 
                      and inserting ``section 8544 of title 10''; and
                          (iv) by striking ``section 7043 of title 10'' 
                      and inserting ``section 8543 of title 10''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (28), by striking ``section 9314 of 
                title 10'' and inserting ``section 9414 of title 10''.
            (2) Section 504(c) of the Department of Defense 
        Authorization Act, 1986 (Public Law 99-145; 5 U.S.C. 5102 note), 
        is amended by striking ``Section 9314(b)(2) of title 10, United 
        States Code'' and inserting ``Section 9414(b)(2) of title 10, 
        United States Code''.
            (3) Section 5514(c) of title 5, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 4837(d) or 9837(d) of title 10'' 
        and inserting ``section 7837(d) or 9837(d) of title 10''.
            (4) Section 8150(b) of title 5, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 9441 of title 10'' and inserting 
        ``section 9491 of title 10''.

    (d) Laws Classified in Title 7, United States Code.--The 7th proviso 
in the paragraph under the heading ``SALARIES'' in the Department of 
Agriculture Appropriation Act, 1937 (7 U.S.C. 2238), is amended by 
striking ``the Act of March 3, 1879 (20 Stat. 412)'' and inserting 
``section 7655 of title 10, United States Code''.
    (e) Title 18, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 704 of title 18, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(2)--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1842]]

                          (i) by striking ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 
                      of title 10'' in subparagraph (A) and inserting 
                      ``section 7271, 8291, or 9271 of title 10'';
                          (ii) by striking ``section 3754, 6256, or 8754 
                      of title 10'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting 
                      ``section 7284, 8306, or 9284 of title 10''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``section 3747, 6253, or 
                      8747 of title 10'' in subparagraph (C) and 
                      inserting ``section 7277, 8303, or 9277 of title 
                      10''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d)(1)--
                          (i) by striking ``section 3742 of title 10'' 
                      and inserting ``section 7272 of title 10'';
                          (ii) by striking ``section 6242 of title 10'' 
                      and inserting ``section 8292 of title 10'';
                          (iii) by striking ``section 8742 of section 
                      10'' and inserting ``section 9272 of title 10''; 
                      and
                          (iv) by striking ``section 3746, 6244, or 8746 
                      of title 10'' and inserting ``section 7276, 8294, 
                      or 9276 of title 10''.
            (2) Section 921(a)(4) of such title <<NOTE: 18 USC 921.>>  
        is amended by striking ``section 4684(2), 4685, or 4686 of title 
        10'' in the matter after subparagraph (C) and inserting 
        ``section 7684(2), 7685, or 7686 of title 10''
            (3) Section 925(d)(1) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``chapter 401 of title 10'' and inserting ``chapter 751 of title 
        10''.

    (f) Laws Classified in Title 22, United States Code.--Section 44 of 
the Arms Export Control Act (22 U.S.C. 2793) is amended by striking 
``section 7307 of title 10 of the United States Code'' and inserting 
``section 8677 of title 10, United States Code''.
    (g) Laws Classified in Title 24, United States Code.--Section 
1520(a) of the Armed Forces Retirement Home Act of 1991 (24 U.S.C. 
420(a)) is amended by striking ``sections 4712(f) and 9712(f) of title 
10, United States Code'' in the matter before paragraph (1) and 
inserting ``sections 7712(f) and 9712(f) of title 10, United States 
Code''.
    (h) Laws Classified in Title 26, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 170(p)(6) <<NOTE: 26 USC 170.>>  of the Internal 
        Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by striking ``section 6973 of 
        title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 8473 of 
        title 10, United States Code''.
            (2) Section 2055(g) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (4), by striking ``section 7222 of 
                title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
                8622 of title 10, United States Code'';
                    (B) in paragraph (9), by striking ``section 6973 of 
                title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
                8473 of title 10, United States Code''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (10), by striking ``section 6974 of 
                title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
                8474 of title 10, United States Code''.
            (3) Section 5845(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is 
        amended by striking ``section 4684(2), 4685, or 4686 of title 10 
        of the United States Code'' and inserting ``section 7684(2), 
        7685, or 7686 of title 10, United States Code''.

    (i) Laws Classified in Title 30, United States Code.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1843]]

            (1) Section 35(a) of the Mineral Leasing Act (30 U.S.C. 
        191(a)) is amended by striking ``the Act of June 4, 1920 (41 
        Stat. 813), as amended June 30, 1938 (52 Stat. 1252)'' before 
        the period at the end of the first sentence and inserting 
        ``section 8733(b) of title 10, United States Code''.
            (2) Section 4 of the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands 
        (30 U.S.C. 353) is amended by striking ``the Act of June 30, 
        1938 (32 Stat. 1252), amending the Act of June 4, 1920 (41 Stat. 
        813)'' before the period at the end and inserting ``chapter 869 
        of title 10, United States Code''.

    (j) Title 32, United States Code.--Section 113(b)(1)(A) of title 32, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 3013(b) of title 
10'' and inserting ``section 7013(b) of title 10''.
    (k) Laws Classified in Title 33, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 902(c)(2) of the Oceans and Human Health Act (33 
        U.S.C. 3101(c)(2)) is amended by striking ``(10 U.S.C. 
        7902(a))'' and inserting ``(10 U.S.C. 8932(a))''.
            (2) Section 12406(a)(3) of the Federal Ocean Acidification 
        Research And Monitoring Act of 2009 (33 U.S.C. 3705(a)(3)) is 
        amended by striking ``section 7901 of title 10, United States 
        Code'' and inserting ``section 8931 of title 10, United States 
        Code''.

    (l) Title 36, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 903(b) of title 36, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``sections 3755, 6257, and 8755 of title 
        10'' and inserting ``sections 7285, 8307, and 9285 of title 
        10''.
            (2) Section 40303(b) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``section 9447 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 9497 of 
        title 10''.

    (m) Title 37, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 207(c) of title 37, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 6222 of title 10'' and inserting 
        ``section 8287 of title 10''.
            (2) Section 301a(a)(6)(D) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``section 6911 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 
        8411 of title 10''.
            (3) Section 334(h)(4) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``section 6911 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8411 of 
        title 10''.
            (4) Section 424(c) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``section 6222 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 8287 of 
        title 10''.

    (n) Title 38, United States Code.--
            (1) The following provisions of chapter 17 of title 38, 
        United States Code, are amended by striking ``section 3741, 
        6241, or 8741 of title 10'' and inserting ``section 7271, 8291, 
        or 9271 of title 10'':
                    (A) Section 1705(a)(1).
                    (B) Section 1710(a)(2)(D).
                    (C) Section 1710B(c)(2)(D).
                    (D) Section 1722A(a)(3)(D).
            (2) Section 2306(d)(5) of such title is amended by striking 
        ``section 3741, 6241, or 8741 of title 10'' in subparagraphs 
        (C)(iii) and (D) and inserting ``section 7271, 8291, or 9271 of 
        title 10''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1844]]

            (3) Section 3311(d)(2) of such title <<NOTE: 38 USC 3311.>>  
        is amended by striking ``section 4348, 6959, or 9348 of title 
        10'' and inserting ``section 7448, 8459, or 9448 of title 10''.

    (n) Laws Classified in Title 42, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 106 of the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production 
        Act of 1976 (42 U.S.C. 6506) is amended by striking ``section 
        7430 of title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
        8730 of title 10, United States Code''.
            (2) Section 3022 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 
        6939d) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (c)(2), by striking ``section 7293 
                and sections 7304 through 7308 of title 10, United 
                States Code'' and inserting ``section 8663 and sections 
                8674 through 8678 of title 10, United States Code''; and
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking ``section 7311 of 
                title 10, United States Code'' and inserting ``section 
                8681 of title 10, United States Code''.
            (3) The Department of Energy Organization Act is amended--
                    (A) in section 307 (42 U.S.C. 7156), by striking 
                ``chapter 641 of title 10, United States Code'' in the 
                matter before paragraph (1) and inserting ``chapter 869 
                of title 10, United States Code''; and
                    (B) in section 625(a) (42 U.S.C. 7235(a)), by 
                striking ``chapter 641 of title 10, United States Code'' 
                and inserting ``chapter 869 of title 10, United States 
                Code''.
            (4) Section 102(f)(3) of the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation 
        Control Act of 1978 (42 U.S.C. 7912(f)(3)) is amended by 
        striking ``(10 U.S.C. 7420 note; Public Law 105-261)'' in the 
        matter before subparagraph (A) and inserting ``(10 U.S.C. 8720 
        note; Public Law 105-261)''.

    (p) Laws Classified in Title 43, United States Code.--Section 2(e) 
of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601(e)) is 
amended by striking ``sections 7421 through 7438 of title 10 of the 
United States Code'' and inserting ``sections 8721 through 8738 of title 
10, United States Code,''.
    (q) Title 46, United States Code.--Section 57100(d)(1) of title 46, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 7310 of title 10, 
United States Code,'' and inserting ``section 8680 of title 10''.
    (r) Laws Classified in Title 50, United States Code.--Section 
505(a)(2)(B)(i) of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
3095(a)(2)(B)(i)) is amended by striking ``(including a law enacted 
pursuant to section 7307(a) of that title)'' and inserting ``(including 
a law enacted pursuant to section 8677(a) of title 10)''.
    (s) Title 54, United States Code.--Section 303102 of title 54, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 7433(b) of title 
10'' and inserting ``section 8733(b) of title 10''.
    (t) Deeming Rule for Other References.-- <<NOTE: 10 USC 7001 
note.>> Any reference in a provision of law (other than a provision 
amended by this section) to a section or chapter redesignated by this 
part shall be deemed to refer to the section or chapter as so 
redesignated.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1845]]

   PART III--REPEALS OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION LAW

SEC. 811. AMENDMENT TO AND REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                        CERTAIN POSITIONS OR OFFICES IN THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Amendment Relating to Director of Corrosion Policy and 
Oversight.--Section 2228(a) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``, Technology, and Logistics'' and 
        inserting ``and Sustainment'' both places it appears; and
            (2) by striking ``The Director shall report directly to the 
        Under Secretary'' at the end of paragraph (2).

    (b) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Office of Technology 
Transition.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 2515 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter III of chapter 148 of such 
        title <<NOTE: 10 USC 2511 prec.>>  is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 2515.

    (c) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Office for Foreign Defense 
Critical Technology Monitoring and Assessment.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 2517 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of subchapter III of chapter 148 of such title is 
        amended by striking the item relating to section 2517.

    (d) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Defense Logistics Agency 
Advocate for Competition.--
            (1) Repeal.--Section 2318 of title 10, United States Code, 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a); and
                    (B) by striking ``(b)'' before ``Each advocate''.
            (2) Technical amendments.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by striking ``advocate for competition of'' and 
                inserting ``advocate for competition designated pursuant 
                to section 1705(a) of title 41 for''; and
                    (B) by striking ``a grade GS-16 or above under the 
                General Schedule (or in a comparable or higher position 
                under another schedule)'' and inserting ``in a position 
                classified above GS-15 pursuant to section 5108 of title 
                5''.

    (e) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Individual to 
Serve as Primary Liaison Between the Procurement and Research and 
Development Activities of the United States Armed Forces and Those of 
the State of Israel.--Section 1006 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act, Fiscal Year 1989 (Public Law 100-456; 102 Stat. 2040; 10 U.S.C. 
133a note) is repealed.
    (f) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Senior 
Official to Coordinate and Manage Human Systems Integration Activities 
Related to Acquisition Programs.--Section 231 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 122 Stat. 
45; 10 U.S.C. 1701 note) is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1846]]

            (1) by striking ``(a) In General.--''; and
            (2) by striking subsections (b), (c), and (d).

    (g) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Senior 
Official Responsible for Focus on Urgent Operational Needs and Rapid 
Acquisition.--Section 902 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 1865; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
note) is repealed.
    (h) Repeal of Statutory Requirement for Designation of Senior 
Official Responsible for Dual-use Projects Under Dual-use Science and 
Technology Program.--Section 203 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2511 note) is 
amended by striking subsection (c).
    (i) Submission of Notice and Plan to Congress. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2228 
note.>> --Not less than 30 days before reorganizing, restructuring, or 
eliminating any position or office specified in this section, the 
Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives notice of such reorganization, 
restructuring, or elimination together with a plan to ensure that 
mission requirements are met and appropriate oversight is conducted in 
carrying out such reorganization, restructuring, or elimination. Such 
plan shall address how user needs will be met and how associated roles 
and responsibilities will be accomplished for each position or office 
that the Secretary determines requiring reorganization, restructuring, 
or elimination.
SEC. 812. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEFENSE ACQUISITION LAWS.

    (a) Title 10, United States Code.--
            (1) Section 167a.--
                    (A) Repeal.--Section 167a of title 10, United States 
                Code, is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 6 of such title <<NOTE: 10 USC 
                161 prec.>>  is amended by striking the item relating to 
                section 167a.
                    (C) Conforming amendment.--Section 905(a)(1) of the 
                John Warner National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 133a 
                note) is amended by striking ``166b, 167, or 167a'' and 
                inserting ``166b or 167''.
            (2) Section 2323.--
                    (A) Repeal.--Section 2323 of title 10, United States 
                Code, is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 137 of such title <<NOTE: 10 
                USC 2301 prec.>>  is amended by striking the item 
                relating to section 2323.
                    (C) Conforming amendments.--
                          (i) Section 853(c) of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 
                      108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by 
                      striking ``section 2323 of title 10, United States 
                      Code, and''.
                          (ii) Section 831(n) of the National Defense 
                      Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 
                      101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
                                    (I) in paragraph (4), by inserting 
                                ``, as in effect on March 1, 2018'' 
                                after ``section 2323 of title 10, United 
                                States Code''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1847]]

                                    (II) in paragraph (6), by striking 
                                ``section 2323 of title 10, United 
                                States Code, and''.
                          (iii) Section 8304(1) of the Federal 
                      Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (10 U.S.C. 
                      2375 note) is amended by striking ``section 2323 
                      of title 10, United States Code, or''.
                          (iv) Section 10004(a)(1) of the Federal 
                      Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (41 U.S.C. 
                      1122 note) is amended by striking ``section 2323 
                      of title 10, United States Code, or''.
                          (v) Section 2304(b)(2) of title 10, United 
                      States Code, is amended by striking ``and concerns 
                      other than'' and all that follows through ``this 
                      title''.
                          (vi) Section 2304e(b) of title 10, United 
                      States Code, is amended--
                                    (I) by striking ``other than--'' and 
                                all that follows through ``small'' and 
                                inserting ``other than small'';
                                    (II) by striking ``; or'' and 
                                inserting a period; and
                                    (III) by striking paragraph (2).
                          (vii) Section 2323a(a) of title 10, United 
                      States Code, is amended by striking ``section 2323 
                      of this title and''.
                          (viii) Section 15 of the Small Business Act 
                      (15 U.S.C. 644) is amended--
                                    (I) in subsection (j)(3), by 
                                striking ``section 2323 of title 10, 
                                United States Code,'';
                                    (II) in subsection (k)(10)--
                                            (aa) by striking ``or 
                                        section 2323 of title 10, United 
                                        States Code,'' and all that 
                                        follows through ``subsection 
                                        (m),''; and
                                            (bb) by striking 
                                        ``subsection (a),'' and 
                                        inserting ``subsection (a) or''; 
                                        and
                                    (III) by amending subsection (m) to 
                                read as follows:

    ``(m) Additional Duties of Procurement Center Representatives.--All 
procurement center representatives (including those referred to in 
subsection (k)(6)), in addition to such other duties as may be assigned 
by the Administrator, shall increase, insofar as possible, the number 
and dollar value of procurements that may be used for the programs 
established under this section and section 8(a).''.
                          (ix) Section 1902(b)(1) of title 41, United 
                      States Code, is amended by striking ``, section 
                      2323 of title 10,''.
            (3) Section 2332.--
                    (A) Repeal.--Section 2332 of title 10, United States 
                Code, is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 137 of such title <<NOTE: 10 
                USC 2301 prec.>>  is amended by striking the item 
                relating to section 2332.

    (b) Other Provisions of Law.--The following provisions of law are 
repealed:
            (1) Section 934 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1848]]

            (2) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note).
            (3) Section 804 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (4) Section 829 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (5) Section 818(g) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (6) Section 815(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (7) Section 141 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (8) Section 801(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (9) Section 352 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
        U.S.C. 2302 note).
            (10) Section 9004 of the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-165; 10 U.S.C. 2302 
        note).
            (11) Section 802 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
        U.S.C. 2304 note).
            (12) Section 813 of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
        U.S.C. 2304 note).
            (13) Section 391 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
            (14) Section 927(b) of Public Laws 99-500, 99-591, and 99-
        661 (10 U.S.C. 2304 note).
            (15) Section 1222(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 10 U.S.C. 2304 
        note).
            (16) Section 814(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2304a 
        note).
            (17) Section 834 of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
        U.S.C. 2304b note).
            (18) Section 803 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 
        U.S.C. 2306a note).
            (19) Section 1075 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2315 note).
            (20) Section 818 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2324 note).
            (21) Sections 908(a), (b), (c), and (e) of Public Laws 99-
        500, 99-591, and 99-661 (10 U.S.C. 2326 note).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1849]]

            (22) Section 807 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
            (23) Section 808(d) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2330 
        note).
            (24) Section 812(b)-(c) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (Public Law 109-163; 10 
        U.S.C. 2330 note).
            (25) Section 801(d)-(f) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 
        U.S.C. 2330 note).
            (26) Section 802 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2002 (Public Law 107-107; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note).
            (27) Section 831 of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
        U.S.C. 2330a note).
            (28) Section 1032 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note).
            (29) Section 241 of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
        U.S.C. 2358 note).
            (30) Section 913(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 10 U.S.C. 2364 
        note).
            (31) Sections 234(a) and (b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1987 (Public Law 99-661; 10 
        U.S.C. 2364 note).
            (32) Section 943(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2366a 
        note).
            (33) Section 801 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1990 (Public Law 101-189; 10 U.S.C. 2399 note).
            (34) Section 8133 of the Department of Defense 
        Appropriations Act, 2000 (Public Law 106-79; 10 U.S.C. 2401a 
        note).
            (35) Section 807(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
        U.S.C. 2410p note).
            (36) Section 1058 of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' 
        McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 
        (Public Law 113-291; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (37) Section 838 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (38) Section 809 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (39) Section 833 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (40) Section 839 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1994 (Public Law 103-160; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1850]]

            (41) Section 819 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1995 (Public Law 103-337; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (42) Section 5064 of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining 
        Act of 1994 (Public Law 103-355; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (43) Section 803 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1997 (Public Law 104-201; 10 U.S.C. 2430 note).
            (44) Section 328 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 2458 note).
            (45) Section 347 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 
        U.S.C. 2458 note).
            (46) Section 349 of the Strom Thurmond National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1999 (Public Law 105-261; 10 
        U.S.C. 2458 note).
            (47) Section 395 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1998 (Public Law 105-85; 10 U.S.C. 2458 note).
            (48) Section 325 of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005 (Public Law 108-375; 10 
        U.S.C. 2461 note).
            (49) Section 336 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
            (50) Section 353(a) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 
        note).
            (51) Section 353(b) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 
        note).
            (52) Section 356 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1996 (Public Law 104-106; 10 U.S.C. 2461 note).
            (53) Section 1010 of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (Public Law 
        107-56; 10 U.S.C. 2465 note).
            (54) Section 4101 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 1993 (Public Law 102-484; 10 U.S.C. 2500 note).
            (55) Section 852 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 U.S.C. 2504 note).
            (56) Section 823 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2521 note).
            (57) Section 823 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 
        U.S.C. 2533b note).
            (58) Section 804(h) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2533b 
        note).
            (59) Section 842(b) of the John Warner National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
        U.S.C. 2533b note).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1851]]

            (60) Section 343 of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
        Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 4551 note).
SEC. 813. REPEAL OF CERTAIN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTING 
                        REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, United 
States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 231a.--
                    (A) Repeal.--Section 231a is repealed.
                    (B) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
                the beginning of chapter 9 <<NOTE: 10 USC 221 prec.>>  
                is amended by striking the item relating to section 
                231a.
            (2) Section 2276.--Section 2276 is amended by striking 
        subsection (e).

    (b) NDAA for FY 2008.--The National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181) is amended--
            (1) in section 911(f) (10 U.S.C. 2271 note)--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking ``; 
                Biennial Update'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking ``, and each 
                update required by paragraph (2),''; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
                paragraph (3) as paragraph (2); and
            (2) in section 1034-- <<NOTE: 10 USC 272 note.>> 
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
                (d).

    (c) NDAA for FY 2009.--Section 1047(d) of the Duncan Hunter National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 10 
U.S.C. 2366b note) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Bandwidth'' and 
        all that follows through ``The Secretary'' and inserting 
        ``Bandwidth Requirements.--The Secretary''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).

    (d) NDAA for FY 2010.--Section 1244 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 22 U.S.C. 
1928 note) is amended by striking subsection (d).
    (e) NDAA for FY 2011.--Section 1217 of the Ike Skelton National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 22 
U.S.C. 7513 note) is amended by striking subsection (i).
    (f) NDAA for FY 2013.--Section 524 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 (Public Law 112-239; 126 Stat. 
1723; 10 U.S.C. 1222 note) is amended by striking subsection (c).
    (g) NDAA for FY 2015.--Section 1026(d) of the Carl Levin and Howard 
P. ``Buck'' McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2015 (Public Law 113-291; 128 Stat. 3490) is repealed.
    (h) Military Construction Authorization Act, 1982.--Section 703 of 
the Military Construction Authorization Act, 1982 (Public Law 97-99; 95 
Stat. 1376) is amended by striking subsection (g).
    (i) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) NDAA for fy 2017.--Section 1061 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
        U.S.C. 111 note) is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1852]]

                    (A) in subsection (c), by striking paragraphs (16) 
                and (41);
                    (B) in subsection (d), by striking paragraph (3);
                    (C) in subsection (f), by striking paragraph (1);
                    (D) in subsection (g), by striking paragraph (3);
                    (E) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (3); 
                and
                    (F) in subsection (i), by striking paragraphs (15), 
                (17), and (24).
            (2) NDAA for fy 2000.--Section 1031 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (Public Law 106-65; 113 
        Stat. 749; 31 U.S.C. 1113 note) is amended by striking paragraph 
        (32).

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

SEC. 816. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATIONS ON SINGLE SOURCE TASK OR 
                        DELIVERY ORDER CONTRACTS.

    Section 2304a(d)(3)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking ``reasonably perform the work'' and inserting ``efficiently 
perform the work''.
SEC. 817. PRELIMINARY COST ANALYSIS REQUIREMENT FOR EXERCISE OF 
                        MULTIYEAR CONTRACT AUTHORITY.

    Section 2306b(i)(2)(B) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``made after the completion of a cost 
        analysis'' and inserting ``supported by a preliminary cost 
        analysis''; and
            (2) by striking ``for the purpose of section 2334(e)(1) of 
        this title, and that the analysis supports those preliminary 
        findings''.
SEC. 818. REVISION OF REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT INFORMATION ON 
                        SERVICES CONTRACTS TO CONGRESS.

    (a) Revision.--Section 2329(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``October 1, 2022'' and inserting ``October 
        1, 2021''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``at or about'' and inserting ``at 
                or before''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``or on the date on which the 
                future-years defense program is submitted to Congress 
                under section 221 of this title'' after ``title 31'';
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``and'' at the end;
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(5) be included in the future-years defense program 
        submitted to Congress under section 221 of this title.''.

    (b) Briefing Requirement on Services Contracts.--Not later than 180 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 180 days 
thereafter until the requirements of section

[[Page 132 STAT. 1853]]

2329(b) of title 10, United States Code, are met, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall brief the congressional 
defense committees on the progress of Department of Defense efforts to 
meet the requirements of such section, including relevant information on 
the methodology and implementation plans for future compliance.
SEC. 819. DATA COLLECTION AND INVENTORY FOR SERVICES CONTRACTS.

    Section 2330a of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
subsection (c)(1)--
            (1) by inserting ``and contracts closely associated with 
        inherently governmental functions'' after ``staff augmentation 
        contracts''; and
            (2) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
        Sustainment''.
SEC. 820. REPORT ON CLARIFICATION OF SERVICES CONTRACTING 
                        DEFINITIONS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report clarifying the definitions of and relationships 
between terms used by the Department of Defense related to services 
contracting, including the appropriate use of personal services 
contracts and nonpersonal services contracts, and the responsibilities 
of individuals in the acquisition workforce with respect to such 
contracts.
SEC. 821. INCREASE IN MICRO-PURCHASE THRESHOLD APPLICABLE TO 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 2338 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking ``Notwithstanding subsection (a) of section 1902 of 
title 41, the micro-purchase threshold for the Department of Defense for 
purposes of such section is $5,000'' and inserting ``The micro-purchase 
threshold for the Department of Defense is $10,000''.
    (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1902(a)(1) of title 41, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``sections 2338 and 2339 of title 10 
and''.
    (c) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Section 2339 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is repealed.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code <<NOTE: 10 USC 2301 prec.>> , is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 2339.
SEC. 822. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        CONTRACTING DISPUTE MATTERS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry out a study 
of the frequency and effects of bid protests involving the same contract 
award or proposed award that have been filed at both the Government 
Accountability Office and the United States Court of Federal Claims. The 
study shall cover Department of Defense contracts and include, at a 
minimum--
            (1) the number of protests that have been filed with both 
        tribunals and results;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1854]]

            (2) the number of such protests where the tribunals differed 
        in denying or sustaining the action;
            (3) the length of time, in average time and median time--
                    (A) from initial filing at the Government 
                Accountability Office to decision in the United States 
                Court of Federal Claims;
                    (B) from filing with each tribunal to decision by 
                such tribunal;
                    (C) from the time at which the basis of the protest 
                is known to the time of filing in each tribunal; and
                    (D) in the case of an appeal from a decision of the 
                United States Court of Federal Claims, from the date of 
                the initial filing of the appeal to decision in the 
                appeal;
            (4) the number of protests where performance was stayed or 
        enjoined and for how long;
            (5) if performance was stayed or enjoined, whether the 
        requirement was obtained in the interim through another vehicle 
        or in-house, or whether during the period of the stay or 
        enjoining the requirement went unfulfilled;
            (6) separately for each tribunal, the number of protests 
        where performance was stayed or enjoined and monetary damages 
        were awarded, which shall include for how long performance was 
        stayed or enjoined and the amount of monetary damages;
            (7) whether the protestor was a large or small business; and
            (8) whether the protestor was the incumbent in a prior 
        contract for the same or similar product or service.

    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees, the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate, and 
the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives a report 
on the results of the study, along with related recommendations for 
improving the expediency of the bid protest process. In preparing the 
report, the Secretary shall consult with the Attorney General of the 
United States, the Comptroller General of the United States, and the 
United States Court of Federal Claims.
    (c) Ongoing Data Collection.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall establish 
and continuously maintain a data repository to collect on an ongoing 
basis the information described in subsection (a) and any additional 
relevant bid protest data the Secretary determines necessary and 
appropriate to allow the Department of Defense, the Government 
Accountability Office, and the United States Court of Federal Claims to 
assess and review bid protests over time.
    (d) Establishment of Expedited Process for Small Value Contracts.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2019, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall develop a plan and schedule for an 
        expedited bid protest process for Department of Defense 
        contracts with a value of less than $100,000.
            (2) Consultation.--In carrying out paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary of Defense may consult with the Government 
        Accountability Office and the United States Court of Federal 
        Claims

[[Page 132 STAT. 1855]]

        to the extent such entities may establish a similar process at 
        their election.
            (3) Report.--Not later than May 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
        report on the plan and schedule for implementation of the 
        expedited bid protest process, which shall include a request for 
        any additional authorities the Secretary determines appropriate 
        for such efforts.
SEC. 823. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2305 note.>>  INCLUSION OF BEST AVAILABLE 
                        INFORMATION REGARDING PAST PERFORMANCE OF 
                        SUBCONTRACTORS AND JOINT VENTURE PARTNERS.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the Federal Acquisition 
Regulatory Council and the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy, 
shall develop policies for the Department of Defense to ensure the best 
information regarding past performance of certain subcontractors and 
joint venture partners is available when awarding Department of Defense 
contracts. The policies shall include proposed revisions to the Defense 
Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement as follows:
            (1) Required performance evaluations, as part of a 
        government-wide evaluation reporting tool, for first-tier 
        subcontractors on construction and architect-engineer contracts 
        performing a portion of the contract valued at the threshold set 
        forth in section 42.1502(e) of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation, or 20 percent of the value of the prime contract, 
        whichever is higher, provided--
                    (A) the information included in rating the 
                subcontractor is not inconsistent with the information 
                included in the rating for the prime contractor;
                    (B) the subcontractor evaluation is conducted 
                consistent with the provisions of section 42.15 of the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation;
                    (C) negative evaluations of a subcontractor in no 
                way obviate the prime contractor's responsibility for 
                successful completion of the contract and management of 
                its subcontractors; and
                    (D) that in the judgment of the contracting officer, 
                the overall execution of the work is impacted by the 
                performance of the subcontractor or subcontractors.
            (2) Required performance evaluations, as part of a 
        government-wide evaluation reporting tool, of individual 
        partners of joint venture-awarded construction and architect-
        engineer contracts valued at the threshold set forth in section 
        42.1502(e) of the Federal Acquisition Regulation, to ensure that 
        past performance on joint venture projects is considered in 
        future awards to individual joint venture partners, provided--
                    (A) at a minimum, the rating for joint ventures 
                includes an identification that allows the evaluation to 
                be retrieved for each partner of the joint venture;
                    (B) each partner, through the joint venture, is 
                given the same opportunity to submit comments, rebutting 
                statements, or additional information, consistent with 
                the provisions of section 42.15 of the Federal 
                Acquisition Regulation; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1856]]

                    (C) the rating clearly identifies the 
                responsibilities of joint venture partners for discrete 
                elements of the work where the partners are not jointly 
                and severally responsible for the project.
            (3) Processes to request exceptions from the annual 
        evaluation requirement under section 42.1502(a) of the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation for construction and architect-engineer 
        contracts where submission of the annual evaluations would not 
        provide the best representation of the performance of a 
        contractor, including subcontractors and joint venture partners, 
        including--
                    (A) where no severable element of the work has been 
                completed;
                    (B) where the contracting officer determines that--
                          (i) an insubstantial portion of the contract 
                      work has been completed in the preceding year; and
                          (ii) the lack of performance is at no fault to 
                      the contractor; or
                    (C) where the contracting officer determines that 
                there is an issue in dispute which, until resolved, 
                would likely cause the annual rating to inaccurately 
                reflect the past performance of the contractor.
SEC. 824. SUBCONTRACTING PRICE AND APPROVED PURCHASING SYSTEMS.

    (a) Amendment.--Section 893 of the Ike Skelton National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 
2302 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (g), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) The term `approved purchasing system' has the meaning 
        given the term in section 44.101 of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation (or any similar regulation).''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    ``(i) Consent to Subcontract.--If the contractor on a Department of 
Defense contract requiring a contracting officer's written consent prior 
to the contractor entering into a subcontract has an approved purchasing 
system, the contracting officer may not withhold such consent without 
the written approval of the program manager.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  Conforming Regulations.--Not later 
than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary 
of Defense shall revise the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation 
Supplement to conform with the amendments to section 893 of the Ike 
Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public 
Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) made by this section.
SEC. 825. MODIFICATION OF CRITERIA FOR WAIVERS OF REQUIREMENT FOR 
                        CERTIFIED COST AND PRICE DATA.

    Section 817(b)(2) of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 U.S.C. 2306a note) is 
amended by striking ``; and'' and inserting ``; or''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1857]]

  Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Major Defense Acquisition Programs

SEC. 831. REVISIONS IN AUTHORITY RELATING TO PROGRAM COST TARGETS 
                        AND FIELDING TARGETS FOR MAJOR DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION PROGRAMS.

    (a) Revisions in Authority Relating to Program Cost and Fielding 
Targets.--Section 2448a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``Secretary of Defense'' 
        and inserting ``designated milestone decision authority for the 
        program'';
            (2) by striking ``the milestone decision authority for the 
        major defense acquisition program approves a program that'' and 
        inserting ``the program'';
            (3) by striking subsection (b); and
            (4) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b).

    (b) Conforming Amendments.--
            (1) Section 181(b) of title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and 
                (7) as paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6), respectively.
            (2) Section 2366a(c)(1)(A) of such title is amended by 
        striking ``by the Secretary of Defense''.
            (3) Section 2366b of such title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(3)(D), by striking ``Secretary 
                of Defense after a request for such increase or delay by 
                the''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)(1)(A), by striking ``by the 
                Secretary of Defense''.
            (4) Section 925(b)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2361; 10 
        U.S.C. 2448a note) is amended by striking ``Deputy Secretary of 
        Defense and the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff'' and 
        inserting ``designated milestone decision authority for the 
        major defense acquisition program and the Vice Chief of Staff of 
        the armed force concerned or, in the case of a program for which 
        an alternate milestone decision authority is designated under 
        section 2430(d)(2) of such title, the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff''.
SEC. 832. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2443 note.>>  IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE INDEPENDENT STUDY 
                        ON CONSIDERATION OF SUSTAINMENT IN WEAPONS 
                        SYSTEMS LIFE CYCLE.

    (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
except as provided under subsection (b), commence implementation of each 
recommendation submitted as part of the independent assessment produced 
under section 844 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2290).
    (b) Exceptions.--
            (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
        subsection (a) later than the date required under such

[[Page 132 STAT. 1858]]

        subsection if the Secretary provides the congressional defense 
        committees with a specific justification for the delay in 
        implementation of such recommendation.
            (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt not 
        to implement a recommendation described under subsection (a) if 
        the Secretary provides to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement 
                the recommendation; and
                    (B) a summary of the alternative actions the 
                Secretary plans to take to address the purposes 
                underlying the recommendation.

    (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to implement, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
        the recommendation; and
            (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing the 
        implementation of the recommendation.
SEC. 833. COMPTROLLER GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF ACQUISITION PROGRAMS 
                        AND RELATED INITIATIVES.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 131 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2229b. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2229b.>>  Comptroller General 
                    assessment of acquisition programs and 
                    initiatives

    ``(a)  Assessment Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the congressional defense committees an annual 
assessment of selected acquisition programs and initiatives of the 
Department of Defense by March 30th of each year from 2020 through 2023.
    ``(b) Analyses To Be Included.--The assessment required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            ``(1) a macro analysis of how well acquisition programs and 
        initiatives are performing and reasons for that performance;
            ``(2) a summary of organizational and legislative changes 
        and emerging assessment methodologies since the last assessment, 
        and a discussion of the implications for execution and oversight 
        of programs and initiatives; and
            ``(3) specific analyses of individual acquisition programs 
        and initiatives.

    ``(c) Acquisition Programs and Initiatives to Be Considered.--The 
assessment required under subsection (a) shall consider the following 
programs and initiatives:
            ``(1) Selected weapon systems, as determined appropriate by 
        the Comptroller General.
            ``(2) Selected information technology systems and 
        initiatives, including defense business systems, networks, and 
        software-intensive systems, as determined appropriate by the 
        Comptroller General.
            ``(3) Selected prototyping and rapid fielding activities and 
        initiatives, as determined appropriate by the Comptroller 
        General.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1859]]

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2201 prec.>>  is amended by inserting after 
the item relating to section 2229a the following new item:

``2229b. Comptroller General assessment of acquisition programs and 
           related initiatives.''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>>  Repeal of Superseded Authority.--
Section 883(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2222 note) is amended by striking 
paragraph (1), effective on January 1, 2020.

           Subtitle D--Provisions Relating to Commercial Items

SEC. 836. REVISION OF DEFINITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEM FOR PURPOSES 
                        OF FEDERAL ACQUISITION STATUTES.

    (a) Definitions in Chapter 1 of Title 41, United States Code.--
            (1) Separation of ``commercial item'' definition into 
        definitions of ``commercial product'' and ``commercial 
        service''.--Chapter 1 of title 41, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking section 103 and inserting the following new 
        sections:
``Sec. 103. <<NOTE: 41 USC 103.>>  Commercial product

    ``In this subtitle, the term `commercial product' means any of the 
following:
            ``(1) A product, other than real property, that--
                    ``(A) is of a type customarily used by the general 
                public or by nongovernmental entities for purposes other 
                than governmental purposes; and
                    ``(B) has been sold, leased, or licensed, or offered 
                for sale, lease, or license, to the general public.
            ``(2) A product that--
                    ``(A) evolved from a product described in paragraph 
                (1) through advances in technology or performance; and
                    ``(B) is not yet available in the commercial 
                marketplace but will be available in the commercial 
                marketplace in time to satisfy the delivery requirements 
                under a Federal Government solicitation.
            ``(3) A product that would satisfy the criteria in paragraph 
        (1) or (2) were it not for--
                    ``(A) modifications of a type customarily available 
                in the commercial marketplace; or
                    ``(B) minor modifications made to meet Federal 
                Government requirements.
            ``(4) Any combination of products meeting the requirements 
        of paragraph (1), (2), or (3) that are of a type customarily 
        combined and sold in combination to the general public.
            ``(5) A product, or combination of products, referred to in 
        paragraphs (1) through (4), even though the product, or 
        combination of products, is transferred between or among 
        separate divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.
            ``(6) A nondevelopmental item if the procuring agency 
        determines, in accordance with conditions in the Federal 
        Acquisition Regulation, that--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1860]]

                    ``(A) the product was developed exclusively at 
                private expense; and
                    ``(B) has been sold in substantial quantities, on a 
                competitive basis, to multiple State and local 
                governments or to multiple foreign governments.
``Sec. 103a. <<NOTE: 41 USC 103a.>>  Commercial service

    ``In this subtitle, the term `commercial service' means any of the 
following:
            ``(1) Installation services, maintenance services, repair 
        services, training services, and other services if--
                    ``(A) those services are procured for support of a 
                commercial product, regardless of whether the services 
                are provided by the same source or at the same time as 
                the commercial product; and
                    ``(B) the source of the services provides similar 
                services contemporaneously to the general public under 
                terms and conditions similar to those offered to the 
                Federal Government;
            ``(2) Services of a type offered and sold competitively, in 
        substantial quantities, in the commercial marketplace--
                    ``(A) based on established catalog or market prices;
                    ``(B) for specific tasks performed or specific 
                outcomes to be achieved; and
                    ``(C) under standard commercial terms and 
                conditions.
            ``(3) A service described in paragraph (1) or (2), even 
        though the service is transferred between or among separate 
        divisions, subsidiaries, or affiliates of a contractor.''.
            (2) Conforming amendments to title 41 definitions.--
                    (A) Definition of commercial component.--Section 102 
                of such title is amended by striking ``commercial item'' 
                and inserting ``commercial product''.
                    (B) Definition of commercially available off-the-
                shelf item.--Section 104(1)(A) is amended by striking 
                ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial 
                product''.
                    (C) Definition of nondevelopmental item.--Section 
                110(1) of such title is amended by striking ``commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
            (3) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of chapter 1 of title 41, United States 
        Code <<NOTE: 41 USC 101 prec.>> , is amended by striking the 
        item relating to section 103 and inserting the following new 
        items:

``103. Commercial product.
``103a. Commercial service.''.

    (b) Conforming Amendments to Other Provisions of Title 41, United 
States Code.--Title 41, United States Code, is further amended as 
follows:
            (1) Section 1502(b) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                commercial services'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)(C)(i), by striking ``commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``commercial product or commercial 
                service''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1861]]

                    (C) in paragraph (3)(A)(i), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                commercial services''.
            (2) Section 1705(c) <<NOTE: 41 USC 1705.>>  is amended by 
        striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
        products and commercial services''.
            (3) Section 1708 is amended by striking ``commercial items'' 
        in subsections (c)(6) and (e)(3) and inserting ``commercial 
        products or commercial services''.
            (4) Section 1901 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                commercial services''; and
                    (B) in subsection (e)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Products and Commercial Services''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and 
                      inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
                      services''.
            (5) Section 1903(c) is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by striking 
                ``Commercial Item'' and inserting ``Commercial Product 
                or Commercial Service'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by striking ``as a commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``as a commercial product or a 
                commercial service''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking ``for an item or 
                service treated as a commercial item'' and inserting 
                ``for a product or service treated as a commercial 
                product or a commercial service''.
            (6)(A) Section 1906 is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' each place it appears in subsections (b), (c), and (d) 
        and inserting ``commercial products or commercial services''.
            (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of 
                  commercial products and commercial services''.
            (ii) <<NOTE: 41 USC 1901 prec.>>  The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 19 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 1906 and inserting the following new item:

``1906. List of laws inapplicable to procurements of commercial products 
           and commercial services.''.

            (7) Section 3304 is amended by striking ``commercial item'' 
        in subsections (a)(5) and (e)(4)(B) and inserting ``commercial 
        product''.
            (8) Section 3305(a)(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services''.
            (9) Section 3306(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services''.
            (10)(A) Section 3307 is amended--
                    (i) in subsection (a)--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1862]]

                          (I) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Products and Commercial Services'';
                          (II) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                      ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products and commercial services''; and
                          (III) in paragraph (2), by striking ``a 
                      commercial item'' and inserting ``a commercial 
                      product or commercial service'';
                    (ii) in subsection (b)--
                          (I) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial 
                      items or, to the extent that commercial items 
                      suitable to meet the executive agency's needs are 
                      not available, nondevelopmental items other than 
                      commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      services or commercial products or, to the extent 
                      that commercial products suitable to meet the 
                      executive agency's needs are not available, 
                      nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
                      products''; and
                          (II) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                      ``commercial items and nondevelopmental items 
                      other than commercial items'' and inserting 
                      ``commercial services, commercial products, and 
                      nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
                      products'';
                    (iii) in subsection (c)--
                          (I) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                      ``commercial items or nondevelopmental items other 
                      than commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      services or commercial products or 
                      nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
                      products'';
                          (II) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking 
                      ``commercial items or, to the extent that 
                      commercial items suitable to meet the executive 
                      agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
                      items other than commercial items'' and inserting 
                      ``commercial services or commercial products or, 
                      to the extent that commercial products suitable to 
                      meet the executive agency's needs are not 
                      available, nondevelopmental items other than 
                      commercial products''; and
                          (III) in paragraphs (5) and (6), by striking 
                      ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products and commercial services'';
                    (iv) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``commercial 
                items or, to the extent that commercial items suitable 
                to meet the executive agency's needs are not available, 
                nondevelopmental items other than commercial items'' and 
                inserting ``commercial services or commercial products 
                or, to the extent that commercial products suitable to 
                meet the executive agency's needs are not available, 
                nondevelopmental items other than commercial products''; 
                and
                    (v) in subsection (e)--
                          (I) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``103a, 
                      104,'' after ``sections 102, 103,'';
                          (II) in paragraph (2)(A), by striking 
                      ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products or commercial services'';

[[Page 132 STAT. 1863]]

                          (III) in the first sentence of paragraph 
                      (2)(B), by striking ``commercial end items'' and 
                      inserting ``end items that are commercial 
                      products'';
                          (IV) in paragraphs (2)(B)(i), (2)(C)(i) and 
                      (2)(D), by striking ``commercial items or 
                      commercial components'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products, commercial components, or commercial 
                      services'';
                          (V) in paragraph (2)(C), in the matter 
                      preceding clause (i), by striking ``commercial 
                      items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                      commercial services'';
                          (VI) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking 
                      ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products or commercial services'';
                          (VII) in paragraph (4)(C)(i), by striking 
                      ``commercial item, as described in section 
                      103(5)'' and inserting ``commercial product, as 
                      described in section 103a(1)''; and
                          (VIII) in paragraph (5), by striking ``items'' 
                      each place it appears and inserting ``products''.
            (B)(i) The heading of such section <<NOTE: 41 USC 3307.>>  
        is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 3307. Preference for commercial products and commercial 
                  services''.
            (ii) <<NOTE: 41 USC 3301 prec.>>  The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 33 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 3307 and inserting the following new item:

``3307. Preference for commercial products and commercial services.''.

            (11) Section 3501 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) by striking paragraph (1);
                          (ii) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3) 
                      as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (2) (as so redesignated), 
                      by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
                      ``commercial products or commercial services''; 
                      and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) by striking ``item'' in the heading for 
                      paragraph (1); and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' in 
                      paragraphs (1) and (2)(A) and inserting 
                      ``commercial services''.
            (12) Section 3503 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``a commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``a commercial product or a 
                commercial service''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Products or Commercial Services''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``a commercial item'' each 
                      place it appears and inserting ``a commercial 
                      product or a commercial service''.
            (13) Section 3505(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' each place it appears and inserting ``commercial 
        products or commercial services''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1864]]

            (14) Section 3509(b) <<NOTE: 41 USC 3509.>> is amended by 
        striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
        products or commercial services''.
            (15) Section 3704(c)(5) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
            (16) Section 3901(b)(3) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services''.
            (17) Section 4301(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services''.
            (18)(A) Section 4505 is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' in subsections (a) and (c) and inserting ``commercial 
        products or commercial services''.
            (B)(i) The heading of such section is amended to read as 
        follows:
``Sec. 4505. Payments for commercial products and commercial 
                  services''.
            (ii) <<NOTE: 41 USC 4501 prec.>>  The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 45 is amended by striking the item 
        relating to section 4505 and inserting the following new item:

``4505. Payments for commercial products and commercial services.''.

            (19) Section 4704(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' both places it appears and inserting ``commercial 
        products or commercial services''.
            (20) Sections 8102(a)(1), 8703(d)(2), and 8704(b) are 
        amended by striking ``commercial items (as defined in section 
        103 of this title)'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
        commercial services (as defined in sections 103 and 103a, 
        respectively, of this title)''.

    (c) Amendments to Chapter 137 of Title 10, United States Code.--
Chapter 137 of title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 2302(3) is amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (J), (K), and (L) 
                as subparagraphs (K), (L), and (M); and
                    (B) by striking subparagraph (I) and inserting the 
                following new subparagraphs (I) and (J):
                    ``(I) The term `commercial product'.
                    ``(J) The term `commercial service'.''.
            (2) Section 2304 is amended--
                    (A) in subsections (c)(5) and (f)(2)(B), by striking 
                ``brand-name commercial item'' and inserting ``brand-
                name commercial product'';
                    (B) in subsection (g)(1)(B), by striking 
                ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products 
                or commercial services''; and
                    (C) in subsection (i)(3), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
            (3) Section 2305 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                commercial services''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(5)(B)(v), by striking 
                ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial 
                product''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1865]]

            (4) Section 2306(b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306.>>  is amended by 
        striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
        products or commercial services''.
            (5) Section 2306a is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1)(B), by striking ``a 
                      commercial item'' and inserting ``a commercial 
                      product or a commercial service'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (2)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' 
                                in the paragraph heading and inserting 
                                ``Commercial products or commercial 
                                services''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``commercial item'' 
                                each place it appears and inserting 
                                ``commercial product or commercial 
                                services'';
                          (iii) in paragraph (3)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' 
                                in the paragraph heading and inserting 
                                ``Commercial products''; and
                                    (II) by striking ``item'' each place 
                                it appears and inserting ``product''; 
                                and
                          (iv) in paragraph (4)--
                                    (I) by striking ``Commercial item'' 
                                in the paragraph heading and inserting 
                                ``Commercial product or commercial 
                                service'';
                                    (II) by striking ``commercial item'' 
                                in subparagraph (A) after ``applying 
                                the'';
                                    (III) by striking ``prior commercial 
                                item determination'' in subparagraph (A) 
                                and inserting ``prior commercial product 
                                or commercial service determination'';
                                    (IV) by striking ``of such item'' in 
                                subparagraph (A) and inserting ``of such 
                                product or service'';
                                    (V) by striking ``of an item 
                                previously determined to be a commercial 
                                item'' in subparagraph (B) and inserting 
                                ``of a product or service previously 
                                determined to be a commercial product or 
                                a commercial service'';
                                    (VI) by striking ``of a commercial 
                                item,'' in subparagraph (B) and 
                                inserting ``of a commercial product or a 
                                commercial service, as the case may 
                                be,'';
                                    (VII) by striking ``the commercial 
                                item determination'' in subparagraph (B) 
                                and inserting ``the commercial product 
                                or commercial service determination''; 
                                and
                                    (VIII) by striking ``commercial 
                                item'' in subparagraph (C); and
                          (v) in paragraph (5), by striking ``commercial 
                      items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                      commercial services'';
                    (B) in subsection (d)(2), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' each place it appears and inserting ``commercial 
                products or commercial services''; and
                    (C) in subsection (h)--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1866]]

                          (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial 
                      items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                      commercial services''; and
                          (ii) by striking paragraph (3).
            (6) Section 2307(f) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2307.>>  is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial Products 
                and Commercial Services''; and
                    (B) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraphs 
                (1) and (2) and inserting ``commercial products and 
                commercial services''.
            (7) Section 2320(b) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a commercial 
                item, the item'' and inserting ``a commercial product, 
                the product''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (9)(A), by striking ``any 
                noncommercial item or process'' and inserting ``any 
                noncommercial product or process''.
            (8) Section 2321(f) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``commercial items'' and 
                      inserting ``commercial products''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the item'' both places it 
                      appears and inserting ``commercial products''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2)(A), in clauses (i) and (ii), by 
                striking ``commercial item'' and inserting ``commercial 
                product''.
            (9) Section 2324(l)(1)(A) is amended by striking 
        ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
        commercial services''.
            (10) Section 2335(b) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
        services''.

    (d) Amendments to Chapter 140 of Title 10, United States Code.--
Chapter 140 of title 10, United States Code, is amended as follows:
            (1) Section 2375 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial 
                item'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                ``commercial product or commercial service'';
                    (B) in subsections (b) and (c)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Products and Commercial Services''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' each 
                      place it appears and inserting ``commercial 
                      products and commercial services''; and
                    (C) in subsection (e)(3), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products and 
                commercial services''.
            (2) Section 2376(1) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``terms `commercial item','' and 
                inserting ``terms `commercial product', `commercial 
                service',''; and
                    (B) by striking ``chapter 1 of title 41'' and 
                inserting ``sections 103, 103a, 110, 105, and 102, 
                respectively, of title 41''.
            (3) Section 2377 is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1867]]

                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial 
                      items or, to the extent that commercial items 
                      suitable to meet the agency's needs are not 
                      available, nondevelopmental items other than 
                      commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      services or commercial products or, to the extent 
                      that commercial products suitable to meet the 
                      agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
                      items other than commercial products''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                      ``commercial items and nondevelopmental items 
                      other than commercial items'' and inserting 
                      ``commercial services, commercial products, and 
                      nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
                      products'';
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) in paragraphs (1) and (2), by striking 
                      ``commercial items or nondevelopmental items other 
                      than commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      services, commercial products, or nondevelopmental 
                      items other than commercial products'';
                          (ii) in paragraphs (3) and (4), by striking 
                      ``commercial items or, to the extent that 
                      commercial items suitable to meet the agency's 
                      needs are not available, nondevelopmental items 
                      other than commercial items'' and inserting 
                      ``commercial services or commercial products or, 
                      to the extent that commercial products suitable to 
                      meet the agency's needs are not available, 
                      nondevelopmental items other than commercial 
                      products''; and
                          (iii) in paragraphs (5) and (6), by striking 
                      ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products and commercial services'';
                    (C) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial 
                      items or, to the extent that commercial items 
                      suitable to meet the agency's needs are not 
                      available, nondevelopmental items other than 
                      commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      services or commercial products or, to the extent 
                      that commercial products suitable to meet the 
                      agency's needs are not available, nondevelopmental 
                      items other than commercial products''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (4), by striking ``items 
                      other than commercial items'' and inserting 
                      ``products other than commercial products or 
                      services other than commercial services'';
                    (D) in subsection (d)--
                          (i) in the first sentence, by striking 
                      ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                      products or commercial services'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (1), by striking ``items'' 
                      and inserting ``products or services''; and
                          (iii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``items'' 
                      and inserting ``products or services''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1868]]

                    (E) in subsection (e)(1), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products and 
                commercial services''.
            (4) Section 2379 <<NOTE: 10 USC 2379.>>  is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the headings 
                of subsections (b) and (c) and inserting ``Commercial 
                Products'';
                    (B) in subsections (a)(1)(A), (b)(2), and (c)(1)(B), 
                by striking ``, as defined in section 103 of title 41''; 
                and
                    (C) by striking ``commercial item'' and ``commercial 
                items'' each place they appear and inserting 
                ``commercial product'' and ``commercial products'', 
                respectively.
            (5) Section 2380 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial item 
                determinations'' in paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                ``commercial product and commercial service 
                determinations''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b) (as added by section 848 of 
                the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                2018)--
                          (i) by striking ``Item'' in the subsection 
                      heading;
                          (ii) by striking ``an item'' each place it 
                      appears and inserting ``a product or service'';
                          (iii) by striking ``item'' after ``using 
                      commercial'' each place it appears;
                          (iv) by striking ``prior commercial item 
                      determination'' and inserting ``prior commercial 
                      product or service determination'';
                          (v) by striking ``such item'' and inserting 
                      ``such product or service''; and
                          (vi) by striking ``the item'' both places it 
                      appears and inserting ``the product or service''.
            (6) Section 2380a is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) by striking ``items and'' and inserting 
                      ``products and''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and 
                      inserting ``commercial products and commercial 
                      services, respectively,''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial services''.
            (7) Section 2380B is amended by striking ``commercial item'' 
        and inserting ``commercial product''.
            (8) Amendments to headings, etc.--
                    (A) The heading of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2375 
                prec.>>  is amended to read as follows:

    ``CHAPTER 140--PROCUREMENT OF COMMERCIAL PRODUCTS AND COMMERCIAL 
                               SERVICES''.

                    (B) The heading of section 2375 is amended to read 
                as follows:
``Sec. 2375. Relationship of other provisions of law to 
                  procurement of commercial products and 
                  commercial services''.
                    (C) The heading of section 2377 is amended to read 
                as follows:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1869]]

``Sec. 2377. Preference for commercial products and commercial 
                  services''.
                    (D) The heading of section 2379 <<NOTE: 10 USC 
                2379.>>  is amended to read as follows:
``Sec. 2379. Procurement of a major weapon system as a commercial 
                  product: requirement for prior determination by 
                  Secretary of Defense and notification to 
                  Congress''.
                    (E) The heading of section 2380 is amended to read 
                as follows:
``Sec. 2380. Commercial product and commercial service 
                  determinations by Department of Defense''.
                    (F) The heading of section 2380a is amended to read 
                as follows:
``Sec. 2380a. Treatment of certain products and services as 
                    commercial products and commercial services''.
                    (G) Section 2380B is redesignated as section 2380b 
                and the heading of that section is amended to read as 
                follows:
``Sec. 2380b. Treatment of commingled items purchased by 
                    contractors as commercial products''.
                    (H) The table of sections at the beginning of such 
                chapter is amended <<NOTE: 10 USC 2375 prec.>>  to read 
                as follows:

``2375. Relationship of other provisions of law to procurement of 
           commercial products and commercial services.
``2376. Definitions.
``2377. Preference for commercial products and commercial services.
``2379. Procurement of a major weapon system as a commercial product: 
           requirement for prior determination by Secretary of Defense 
           and notification to Congress.
``2380. Commercial product and commercial service determinations by 
           Department of Defense.
``2380a. Treatment of certain products and services as commercial 
           products and commercial services.
``2380b. Treatment of commingled items purchased by contractors as 
           commercial products.''.

    (e) Other Amendments to Title 10, United States Code.--Title 10, 
United States Code, is further amended as follows:
            (1) Section 2226(b) is amended by striking ``for services'' 
        and all that follows through ``deliverable items'' and inserting 
        ``for services or deliverable items''.
            (2) Section 2384(b)(2) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
            (3) Section 2393(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
        ``commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
        sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
            (4) Section 2402(d) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' both places it appears and inserting 
                ``commercial products or commercial services''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the term'' and 
                all that follows and inserting ``the terms `commercial 
                product' and `commercial service' have the meanings 
                given those terms in sections 103 and 103a, 
                respectively, of title 41.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1870]]

            (5) Section 2408(a)(4)(B) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2408.>>  is amended 
        by striking ``commercial items (as defined in section 103 of 
        title 41)'' and inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
        services (as defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of 
        title 41)''.
            (6) Section 2410b(c) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products''.
            (7) Section 2410g(d)(1) is amended by striking ``Commercial 
        items (as defined in section 103 of title 41)'' and inserting 
        ``Commercial products or commercial services (as defined in 
        sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41)''.
            (8) Section 2447a is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)(2), by striking ``commercial 
                items and technologies'' and inserting ``commercial 
                products and technologies''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by inserting before the 
                period at the end the following: ``and the term 
                `commercial product' has the meaning given that term in 
                section 103 of title 41''.
            (9) Section 2451(d) is amended by striking ``commercial 
        items'' and inserting ``commercial products (as defined in 
        section 103 of title 41)''.
            (10) Section 2464 is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                          (i) in paragraph (3), by striking ``commercial 
                      items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                      commercial services''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (5), by striking ``The 
                      commercial items covered by paragraph (3) are 
                      commercial items'' and inserting ``The commercial 
                      products or commercial services covered by 
                      paragraph (3) are commercial products (as defined 
                      in section 103 of title 41) or commercial services 
                      (as defined in section 103a of such title)''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Products or Commercial Services''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' and 
                      inserting ``commercial product or commercial 
                      service''.
            (11) Section 2484(f) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                Products''; and
                    (B) by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
                ``commercial product''.
            (12) The items relating to chapter 140 in the tables of 
        chapters at the beginning of subtitle A, and at the beginning of 
        part IV of subtitle A <<NOTE: 10 USC 101 prec., 2201 prec.>> , 
        are amended to read as follows:

``140. Procurement of Commercial Products and Commercial Services2377''.

    (f) Amendments to Provisions of National Defense Authorization 
Acts.--
            (1) Section 806(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993 (Public Law 102-190; 10 U.S.C. 
        2302 note) is amended by striking ``commercial items (as defined 
        in section 103 of title 41, United States Code)'' and inserting 
        ``commercial products or commercial services (as

[[Page 132 STAT. 1871]]

        defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41, 
        United States Code)''.
            (2) Section 821(e) of the Floyd D. Spence National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001 (as enacted into law by 
        Public Law 106-398; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (2); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (2).
            (3) Section 821(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``a commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``a commercial product or a 
                commercial service'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``commercial product''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) The term `commercial service' has the meaning provided 
        by section 103a of title 41, United States Code.''.
            (4) Section 817(d) of the Bob Stump National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003 (Public Law 107-314; 10 
        U.S.C. 2306a note) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial item 
                exceptions'' and inserting ``commercial product-
                commercial service exceptions''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial item 
                exception'' and inserting ``commercial product-
                commercial service exception'';
            (5) Section 852(b)(2)(A)(ii) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public Law 109-364; 10 
        U.S.C. 2324 note) is amended by striking ``a commercial item, as 
        defined in section 103 of title 41'' and inserting ``a 
        commercial product or a commercial service, as defined in 
        sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41''.
            (6) Section 805 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2008 (Public Law 110-181; 10 U.S.C. 2330 note) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (b), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' in paragraphs (1) and (2)(A) and inserting 
                ``commercial services''; and
                    (B) in subsection (c)--
                          (i) by striking ``item'' in the headings for 
                      paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting ``services'';
                          (ii) in the matter in paragraph (1) preceding 
                      subparagraph (A), by striking ``commercial item'' 
                      and inserting ``commercial service'';
                          (iii) in paragraph (1)(A), by striking ``a 
                      commercial item, as described in section 103(5) of 
                      title 41'' and inserting ``a service, as described 
                      in section 103a(1) of title 41'';
                          (iv) in paragraph (1)(C)(i), by striking 
                      ``section 103(6) of title 41'' and inserting 
                      ``section 103a(2) of title 41''; and
                          (v) in paragraph (2), by striking ``item'' and 
                      inserting ``service''.
            (7) Section 849(d) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2377 note) 
        is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1872]]

                    (A) by striking ``commercial items'' in paragraph 
                (1) and inserting ``commercial products'';
                    (B) by striking ``commercial item'' in paragraph 
                (3)(B)(i) and inserting ``commercial product''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(5) Definition.--In this subsection, the term `commercial 
        product' has the meaning given that term in section 103 of title 
        41.''.
            (8) Section 856(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 10 U.S.C. 2377 
        note) is amended by striking ``commercial items or services'' 
        and inserting ``a commercial product or a commercial service, as 
        defined in sections 103 and 103a, respectively, of title 41,''.
            (9) Section 879 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) 
        is amended--
                    (A) in the section heading, by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products'';
                    (B) in subsection (a), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products'';
                    (C) in subsection (c)(3)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial items'' in the 
                      paragraph heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      products or commercial services''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' and 
                      inserting ``commercial products or commercial 
                      services''; and
                    (D) in subsection (e)(2), by striking ``item'' in 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B) and inserting ``products''.
            (10) Section 880 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 41 U.S.C. 3301 note) 
        is amended by striking ``commercial items'' in subsection (a)(1) 
        and inserting ``commercial products''.

    (g) Conforming Amendments to Other Statutes.--
            (1) Section 604(g) of the American Recovery and Reinvestment 
        Act of 2009 (6 U.S.C. 453b(g)) is amended--
                    (A) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                Products'';
                    (B) by striking ``procurement of commercial'' in the 
                first sentence and all that follows through ``items 
                listed'' and inserting ``procurement of commercial 
                products notwithstanding section 1906 of title 41, 
                United States Code, with the exception of commercial 
                products listed''; and
                    (C) in the second sentence--
                          (i) by inserting ``product'' after 
                      ``commercial''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``in the'' and all that 
                      follows and inserting ``in section 103 of title 
                      41, United States Code.''.
            (2) Section 142 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
        U.S.C. 1018a) is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (e)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Items'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Products and Commercial Services'';
                          (ii) by striking ``that commercial items'' and 
                      inserting ``that commercial products or commercial 
                      services'';

[[Page 132 STAT. 1873]]

                          (iii) by striking ``special rules for 
                      commercial items'' and inserting ``special rules 
                      for commercial products and commercial services'';
                          (iv) by striking ``without regard to--'' and 
                      all that follows through ``dollar limitation'' and 
                      inserting ``without regard to any dollar 
                      limitation'';
                          (v) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
                      period; and
                          (vi) by striking paragraph (2);
                    (B) in subsection (f)--
                          (i) by striking ``Items'' in the subsection 
                      heading and inserting ``Products and Services'';
                          (ii) by striking ``Items'' in the heading of 
                      paragraph (2) and inserting ``Products and 
                      services''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``a commercial item'' in 
                      paragraph (2) and inserting ``a commercial product 
                      or a commercial service'';
                    (C) in subsection (h)--
                          (i) by striking ``Items'' in the subsection 
                      heading and inserting ``Services''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial items'' in 
                      paragraph (1) and inserting ``commercial 
                      services''; and
                    (D) in subsection (l)--
                          (i) by redesignating paragraphs (2), (3), (4), 
                      and (5) as paragraphs (3), (4), (5), and (6), 
                      respectively;
                          (ii) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting 
                      the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) Commercial product.--The term `commercial product' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 103 of title 41, United 
        States Code.
            ``(2) Commercial service.--The term `commercial service' has 
        the meaning given the term in section 103a of title 41, United 
        States Code.'';
                          (iii) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, by 
                      striking ``in section'' and all that follows and 
                      inserting ``in section 152 of title 41, United 
                      States Code.'';
                          (iv) in paragraph (5), as so redesignated--
                                    (I) by striking ``Commercial items'' 
                                in the paragraph heading and inserting 
                                ``Commercial products and commercial 
                                services'';
                                    (II) by striking ``commercial 
                                items'' and inserting ``commercial 
                                products and commercial services''; and
                                    (III) by striking ``pursuant to'' 
                                and all that follows and inserting 
                                ``pursuant to sections 1901 and 3305(a) 
                                of title 41, United States Code.''; and
                          (v) in paragraph (6), as so redesignated, by 
                      striking ``pursuant to'' and all that follows and 
                      inserting ``pursuant to sections 1901(a)(1) and 
                      3305(a)(1) of title 41, United States Code.''.
            (3) Section 3901(a)(4)(A)(ii)(II) of title 31, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking ``commercial item'' and inserting 
        ``commercial product''.
            (4) Section 2455(c)(1) of the Federal Acquisition 
        Streamlining Act of 1994 (31 U.S.C. 6101 note) is amended by 
        striking ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial 
        products''.
            (5) Section 508(f) of the Federal Water Pollution Control 
        Act (33 U.S.C. 1368(f)) is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1874]]

                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
                commercial services''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``the term'' and 
                all that follows and inserting ``the terms `commercial 
                product' and `commercial service' have the meanings 
                given those terms in sections 103 and 103a, 
                respectively, of title 41, United States Code.''.
            (6) Section 3707 of title 40, United States Code, is amended 
        by striking ``a commercial item (as defined in section 103 of 
        title 41)'' and inserting ``a commercial product (as defined in 
        section 103 of title 41) or a commercial service (as defined in 
        section 103a of title 41)''.
            (7) Subtitle III of title 40, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 11101(1), by striking ``Commercial 
                item.--The term `commercial item' has'' and inserting 
                ``Commercial product.--The term `commercial product' 
                has''; and
                    (B) in section 11314(a)(3), by striking ``items'' 
                each place it appears and inserting ``products''.
            (8) Section 8301(g) of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining 
        Act of 1994 (42 U.S.C. 7606 note) is amended by striking 
        ``commercial items'' and inserting ``commercial products or 
        commercial services''.
            (9) Section 40118(f) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``commercial 
                items'' and inserting ``commercial products''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``commercial 
                item'' and inserting ``commercial product''.
            (10) Chapter 501 of title 51, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                    (A) in section 50113(c)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Product or Commercial Service''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the 
                      second sentence and inserting ``commercial product 
                      or commercial service''; and
                    (B) in section 50115(b)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Product or Commercial Service''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the 
                      second sentence and inserting ``commercial product 
                      or commercial service''; and
                    (C) in section 50132(a)--
                          (i) by striking ``Commercial Item'' in the 
                      subsection heading and inserting ``Commercial 
                      Service''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``commercial item'' in the 
                      second sentence and inserting ``commercial 
                      service''.

    (h) <<NOTE: 6 USC 453b note.>>  Effective Date and Savings 
Provision.--The amendments made by subsections (a) through (g) shall 
take effect on January 1, 2020. Any provision of law that on the day 
before such effective date is on a list of provisions of law included in 
the Federal Acquisition Regulation pursuant to section 1907 of

[[Page 132 STAT. 1875]]

title 41, United States Code, shall be deemed as of that effective date 
to be on a list of provisions of law included in the Federal Acquisition 
Regulation pursuant to section 1906 of such title.

    (i) Implementation Plan Required.--Not later than April 1, 2019, the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, in 
coordination with members of the Defense Business Board, the Defense 
Science Board, and the Defense Innovation Board as appropriate, shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
of Representatives an implementation plan that contains the following 
elements:
            (1) An implementation timeline and schedule, to include 
        substantive, technical, and conforming changes to the law that 
        the Under Secretary deems appropriate and necessary, to include 
        revising definitions or categories of items, products, and 
        services.
            (2) A review of recommendations by the independent panel 
        created under section 809 of the National Defense Authorization 
        Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-92; 129 Stat. 889) 
        pertaining to commercial items.
            (3) A review of commercial item provisions from the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (Public Law 114-
        92), the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 
        (Public Law 114-328), the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91), and other relevant 
        legislation.
            (4) An analysis of the extent to which the Department of 
        Defense should treat commercial service contracts and commercial 
        products in a similar manner.
            (5) Such other matters with respect to commercial item 
        procurement as the Under Secretary considers appropriate.
SEC. 837. LIMITATION ON APPLICABILITY TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                        COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS OF CERTAIN PROVISIONS 
                        OF LAW.

    (a) Section 2375.--Section 2375(b)(2) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``January 1, 2015'' and inserting ``October 
13, 1994''.
    (b) Section 2533a.--Section 2533a(i) of such title is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Items'' and 
        inserting ``Products''; and
            (2) by striking ``commercial items'' and inserting 
        ``commercial products''.

    (c) Section 2533b.--Section 2533b(h) of such title is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``Items'' and 
        inserting ``Products''; and
            (2) by striking ``commercial items'' each place it appears 
        and inserting ``commercial products''.
SEC. 838. MODIFICATIONS TO PROCUREMENT THROUGH COMMERCIAL E-
                        COMMERCE PORTALS.

    (a) In General.--Section 846 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 41 U.S.C. 1901 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (f), by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(5) A procurement of a product made through a commercial 
        e-commerce portal under the program established pursuant to 
        subsection (a) is deemed to satisfy requirements for full

[[Page 132 STAT. 1876]]

        and open competition pursuant to section 2304 of title 10, 
        United States Code, and section 3301 of title 41, United States 
        Code, if--
                    ``(A) there are offers from two or more suppliers of 
                such a product or similar product with substantially the 
                same physical, functional, or performance 
                characteristics on the online marketplace; and
                    ``(B) the Administrator establishes procedures to 
                implement subparagraph (A) and notifies Congress at 
                least 30 days before implementing such procedures.''; 
                and
            (2) in subsection (h), by striking paragraph (3) and 
        inserting the following:
            ``(3) agree not to use, for pricing, marketing, competitive, 
        or other purposes, any information, including any Government-
        owned data, such as purchasing trends or spending habits, 
        related to a product from a third-party supplier featured on the 
        commercial e-commerce portal or the transaction of such product, 
        except as necessary to comply with the requirements of the 
        program established in subsection (a).''.

    (b) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that--
            (1) the implementation of any e-commerce portal under such 
        section 846 to procure commercial products will be done in a 
        manner that will enhance competition, expedite procurement, and 
        ensure reasonable pricing of commercial products;
            (2) the implementation of the e-commerce portal will be 
        completed with multiple contracts with multiple commercial e-
        commerce portal providers; and
            (3) the Administrator of the General Services Administration 
        should require any e-commerce portal provider to take the 
        necessary precautions to safeguard data of all other e-commerce 
        portal providers and any third-party suppliers.
SEC. 839. REVIEW OF FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATIONS ON COMMERCIAL 
                        PRODUCTS, COMMERCIAL SERVICES, AND 
                        COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE OFF-THE-SHELF 
                        ITEMS.

    (a) Review of Determinations Not to Exempt Contracts for Commercial 
Products, Commercial Services, and Commercially Available Off-the-shelf 
Items From Certain Laws and Regulations.--Not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition 
Regulatory Council shall--
            (1) review each determination of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulatory Council pursuant to section 1906(b)(2), section 
        1906(c)(3), or section 1907(a)(2) of title 41, United States 
        Code, not to exempt contracts or subcontracts from laws which 
        such contracts and subcontracts would otherwise be exempt from 
        under section 1906(d) of title 41, United States Code; and
            (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
        to provide an exemption from each law subject to such 
        determination unless the Council determines that there is a 
        specific reason not to provide the exemptions pursuant to 
        section 1906 of such title or the Administrator for Federal 
        Procurement Policy determines there is a specific reason not to 
        provide the exemption pursuant to section 1907 of such title.

    (b) Review of Certain Contract Clause Requirements Applicable to 
Commercial Products and Commercial Services Contracts.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
Acquisition Regulatory Council shall--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1877]]

            (1) review the Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all 
        regulations that require a specific contract clause for a 
        contract using commercial product or commercial services 
        acquisition procedures under part 12 of the Federal Acquisition 
        Regulation, except for regulations required by law or Executive 
        order; and
            (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
        to eliminate regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council determines on a case-by-
        case basis that there is a specific reason not to eliminate the 
        regulation.

    (c) Elimination of Certain Contract Clause Regulations Applicable to 
Commercially Available Off-the-shelf Item Subcontracts.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
Acquisition Regulatory Council shall--
            (1) review the Federal Acquisition Regulation to assess all 
        regulations that require a prime contractor to include a 
        specific contract clause in a subcontract for commercially 
        available off-the-shelf items unless the inclusion of such 
        clause is required by law or Executive order; and
            (2) propose revisions to the Federal Acquisition Regulation 
        to eliminate regulations reviewed under paragraph (1) unless the 
        Federal Acquisition Regulatory Council determines on a case-by-
        case basis that there is a specific reason not to eliminate the 
        regulation.

    (d) Report to Congress.--
            (1) Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Federal Acquisition Regulatory 
        Council shall submit to the committees listed in paragraph (2) a 
        report on the results of the reviews under this section.
            (2) Committees listed.--The committees listed in this 
        paragraph are the following:
                    (A) The Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate.
                    (B) The Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Oversight and Government Reform of the 
                House of Representatives.

                   Subtitle E--Industrial Base Matters

SEC. 841. REPORT ON LIMITED SOURCING OF SPECIFIC COMPONENTS FOR 
                        NAVAL VESSELS.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of 
the Navy shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
that provides, for the components described in subsection (b), a market 
survey, a cost assessment, national security considerations, and a 
recommendation regarding whether competition for the procurement of the 
components should be limited to sources in the national technology and 
industrial base (as defined in section 2500 of title 10, United States 
Code).
    (b) Components.--The components described in this subsection are the 
following:
            (1) Naval vessel components listed in section 2534(a)(3) of 
        title 10, United States Code.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1878]]

            (2) The following components for auxiliary ships:
                    (A) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps.
                    (B) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
                reduction gears, and propellers.
                    (C) Shipboard cranes.
                    (D) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.
SEC. 842. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2536 note.>>  REMOVAL OF NATIONAL 
                        INTEREST DETERMINATION REQUIREMENTS FOR 
                        CERTAIN ENTITIES.

    (a) In General.--Effective October 1, 2020, a covered NTIB entity 
operating under a special security agreement pursuant to the National 
Industrial Security Program shall not be required to obtain a national 
interest determination as a condition for access to proscribed 
information.
    (b) Acceleration Authorized.--Notwithstanding the effective date of 
this section, the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
Director of the Information Security Oversight Office, may waive the 
requirement to obtain a national interest determination for a covered 
NTIB entity operating under such a special security agreement that has--
            (1) a demonstrated successful record of compliance with the 
        National Industrial Security Program; and
            (2) previously been approved for access to proscribed 
        information.

    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered ntib entity.--The term ``covered NTIB entity'' 
        means a person that is a subsidiary located in the United 
        States--
                    (A) for which the ultimate parent company and any 
                intermediate parent companies of such subsidiary are 
                located in a country that is part of the national 
                technology and industrial base (as defined in section 
                2500 of title 10, United States Code); and
                    (B) that is subject to the foreign ownership, 
                control, or influence requirements of the National 
                Industrial Security Program.
            (2) Proscribed information.--The term ``proscribed 
        information'' means information that is--
                    (A) classified at the level of top secret;
                    (B) communications security information (excluding 
                controlled cryptographic items when un-keyed or utilized 
                with unclassified keys);
                    (C) restricted data (as defined in section 11 of the 
                Atomic Energy Act of 1954 (42 U.S.C. 2014));
                    (D) special access program information under section 
                4.3 of Executive Order No. 13526 (75 Fed. Reg. 707; 50 
                U.S.C. 3161 note) or successor order; or
                    (E) designated as sensitive compartmented 
                information.
SEC. 843. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO TEST 
                        MACHINE-VISION TECHNOLOGIES TO DETERMINE 
                        THE AUTHENTICITY AND SECURITY OF 
                        MICROELECTRONIC PARTS IN WEAPON SYSTEMS.

    (a) Pilot Program Authorized.--The Undersecretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Defense 
Microelectronics Activity, shall establish a pilot program

[[Page 132 STAT. 1879]]

to test the feasibility and reliability of using machine-vision 
technologies to determine the authenticity and security of 
microelectronic parts in weapon systems.
    (b) Objectives of Pilot Program.--The Undersecretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Defense 
Microelectronics Activity, shall design any pilot program conducted 
under this section to determine the following:
            (1) The effectiveness and technology readiness level of 
        machine-vision technologies to determine the authenticity of 
        microelectronic parts at the time of the creation of such part 
        through final insertion of such part into weapon systems.
            (2) The best method of incorporating machine-vision 
        technologies into the process of developing, transporting, and 
        inserting microelectronics into weapon systems.
            (3) The rules, regulations, or processes that hinder the 
        development and incorporation of machine-vision technologies, 
        and the application of such rules, regulations, or processes to 
        mitigate counterfeit microelectronics proliferation throughout 
        the Department of Defense.

    (c) Consultation.--To develop the pilot program under this section, 
the Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, in 
coordination with the Defense Microelectronics Activity, may consult 
with the following entities:
            (1) Manufacturers of semiconductors or electronics.
            (2) Industry associations relating to semiconductors or 
        electronics.
            (3) Original equipment manufacturers of products for the 
        Department of Defense.
            (4) Nontraditional defense contractors (as defined in 
        section 2302(9) of title 10, United States Code) that are 
        machine vision companies.
            (5) Federal laboratories (as defined in section 2500(5) of 
        title 10, United States Code).
            (6) Other elements of the Department of Defense that fall 
        under the authority of the Undersecretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering.

    (d) Commencement and Duration.--The pilot program established under 
this section shall be established not later than April 1, 2019, and all 
activities under such pilot program shall terminate not later than 
December 31, 2020.
SEC. 844. LIMITATION ON CERTAIN PROCUREMENTS APPLICATION PROCESS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2534 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new subsections:
    ``(k) Limitation on Certain Procurements Application Process.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall administer 
        a process to analyze and assess potential items for 
        consideration to be required to be procured from a manufacturer 
        that is part of the national technology and industrial base.
            ``(2) Elements.--The application process required under 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:
                    ``(A) The Secretary shall designate an official 
                within the Office of the Secretary of Defense 
                responsible for administration of the limitation on 
                certain procurements application process and associated 
                policy.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1880]]

                    ``(B) A person or organization that meets the 
                definition of national technology and industrial base 
                under section 2500(1) of this title shall have the 
                opportunity to apply for status as an item required to 
                be procured from a manufacturer that is part of the 
                national technology and industrial base. The application 
                shall include, at a minimum, the following information:
                          ``(i) Information demonstrating the applicant 
                      meets the criteria of a manufacturer in the 
                      national technology and industrial base under 
                      section 2500(1) of this title.
                          ``(ii) For each item the applicant seeks to be 
                      required to be procured from a manufacturer that 
                      is part of the national technology and industrial 
                      base, the applicant shall include the following 
                      information:
                                    ``(I) The extent to which such item 
                                has commercial applications.
                                    ``(II) The number of such items to 
                                be procured by current programs of 
                                record.
                                    ``(III) The criticality of such item 
                                to a military unit's mission 
                                accomplishment.
                                    ``(IV) The estimated cost and other 
                                considerations of reconstituting the 
                                manufacturing capability of such item, 
                                if not maintained in the national 
                                technology and industrial base.
                                    ``(V) National security regulations 
                                or restrictions imposed on such item 
                                that may not be imposed on a non-
                                national technology and industrial base 
                                competitor.
                                    ``(VI) Non-national security-related 
                                Federal, State, and local government 
                                regulations imposed on such item that 
                                may not be imposed on a non-national 
                                technology and industrial base 
                                competitor.
                                    ``(VII) The extent to which such 
                                item is fielded in current programs of 
                                record.
                                    ``(VIII) The extent to which cost 
                                and pricing data for such item has been 
                                deemed fair and reasonable.
            ``(3) Consideration of applications.--
                    ``(A) Responsibility of designated official.--The 
                official designated pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) shall 
                be responsible for providing complete applications 
                submitted pursuant to this subsection to the appropriate 
                component acquisition executive for consideration not 
                later than 15 days after receipt of such application.
                    ``(B) Review.--Not later than 120 days after 
                receiving a complete application, the component 
                acquisition executive shall review such application, 
                make a determination, and return the application to the 
                official designated pursuant to paragraph (2)(A).
                    ``(C) Elements of determination.--The determination 
                required under subparagraph (B) shall, for each item 
                proposed pursuant to paragraph (2)(B)(ii)--
                          ``(i) recommend inclusion under this section;
                          ``(ii) recommend inclusion under this section 
                      with further modifications; or
                          ``(iii) not recommend inclusion under this 
                      section.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1881]]

                    ``(D) Justification.--The determination required 
                under subparagraph (B) shall also include the rationale 
                and justification for the determination.
            ``(4) Recommendations for legislation.--For applications 
        recommended under subsection (3), the official designated 
        pursuant to paragraph (2)(A) shall be responsible for preparing 
        a legislative proposal for consideration by the Secretary.''.

    (b) Effective Date.-- <<NOTE: 10 USC 2534 note.>> This section and 
the amendments made by this section shall take effect one year after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 845. REPORT ON DEFENSE ELECTRONICS INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Executive Agent for Printed Circuit 
Board and Interconnect Technology and the Director of the Office of 
Management and Budget, shall submit to Congress a report examining the 
health of the defense electronics industrial base, including analog and 
passive electronic parts, substrates, printed boards, assemblies, 
connectors, cabling, and related areas, both domestically and within the 
national technology and industrial base.
    (b) Elements.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An examination of current and planned partnerships with 
        the commercial industry.
            (2) Analysis of the current and future defense electronics 
        industrial base.
            (3) Threat assessment related to system security.
            (4) An assessment of the health of the engineering and 
        production workforce.
            (5) A description of the electronics supply chain 
        requirements of defense systems integral to meeting the goals of 
        the 2018 National Defense Strategy.
            (6) Recommended actions to address areas deemed deficient or 
        vulnerable, and a plan to formalize long-term resourcing for the 
        Executive Agent.
            (7) Any other areas matters determined relevant by the 
        Secretary.
SEC. 846. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2501 note.>>  SUPPORT FOR DEFENSE 
                        MANUFACTURING COMMUNITIES TO SUPPORT THE 
                        DEFENSE INDUSTRIAL BASE.

    (a) Program Authorized.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may, in 
        coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and working in 
        coordination with the defense manufacturing institutes, 
        establish within the Department of Defense a program to make 
        long-term investments in critical skills, facilities, research 
        and development, and small business support in order to 
        strengthen the national security innovation base by designating 
        and supporting consortiums as defense manufacturing communities.
            (2) Designation.--The program authorized by this section 
        shall be known as the ``Defense Manufacturing Community Support 
        Program'' (in this section referred to as the ``Program'').

    (b) Designation of Defense Manufacturing Communities Complementary 
to Defense Manufacturing Institutes.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense may designate 
        eligible consortiums as defense manufacturing communities

[[Page 132 STAT. 1882]]

        through a competitive process, and in coordination with the 
        defense manufacturing institutes.
            (2) Eligible consortiums.--The Secretary may establish 
        eligibility criteria for a consortium to participate in the 
        Program. In developing such criteria, the Secretary may consider 
        the merits of--
                    (A) including members from academia, defense 
                industry, commercial industry, and State and local 
                government organizations;
                    (B) supporting efforts in geographical regions that 
                have capabilities in key technologies or industrial base 
                supply chains that are determined critical to national 
                security;
                    (C) optimal consortium composition and size to 
                promote effectiveness, collaboration, and efficiency; 
                and
                    (D) complementarity with defense manufacturing 
                institutes.
            (3) Duration.--Each designation under paragraph (1) shall be 
        for a period of five years.
            (4) Renewal.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary may renew a 
                designation made under paragraph (1) for up to two 
                additional two-year periods. Any designation as a 
                defense manufacturing community or renewal of such 
                designation that is in effect before the date of the 
                enactment of this Act shall count toward the limit set 
                forth in this subparagraph.
                    (B) Evaluation for renewal.--The Secretary shall 
                establish criteria for the renewal of a consortium. In 
                establishing such criteria, the Secretary may consider--
                          (i) the performance of the consortium in 
                      meeting the established goals of the Program;
                          (ii) the progress the consortium has made with 
                      respect to project-specific metrics, particularly 
                      with respect to those metrics that were designed 
                      to help communities track their own progress;
                          (iii) whether any changes to the composition 
                      of the eligible consortium or revisions of the 
                      plan for the consortium would improve the 
                      capabilities of the defense industrial base;
                          (iv) the effectiveness of coordination with 
                      defense manufacturing institutes; and
                          (v) such other criteria as the Secretary 
                      considers appropriate.
            (5) Application for designation.--An eligible consortium 
        seeking a designation under paragraph (1) shall submit an 
        application to the Secretary at such time and in such manner as 
        the Secretary may require. In developing such procedures, the 
        Secretary may consider the inclusion of--
                    (A) a description of the regional boundaries of the 
                consortium, and the defense manufacturing capacity of 
                the region;
                    (B) an evidence-based plan for enhancing the defense 
                industrial base through the efforts of the consortium;
                    (C) the investments the consortium proposes and the 
                strategy of the consortium to address gaps in the 
                defense industrial base;
                    (D) a description of the outcome-based metrics, 
                benchmarks, and milestones that will track and the 
                evaluation

[[Page 132 STAT. 1883]]

                methods that will be used to gauge performance of the 
                consortium;
                    (E) how the initiatives will complement defense 
                manufacturing institutes; and
                    (F) such other matters as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.

    (c) Financial and Technical Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--Under the Program, the Secretary of Defense 
        may award financial or technical assistance to a member of a 
        consortium designated as a defense manufacturing community under 
        the Program as appropriate for purposes of the Program.
            (2) Use of funds.--A recipient of financial or technical 
        assistance under the Program may use such financial or technical 
        assistance to support an investment that will improve the 
        defense industrial base.
            (3) Investments supported.--Investments supported under this 
        subsection may include activities not already provided for by 
        defense manufacturing institutes on--
                    (A) equipment or facility upgrades;
                    (B) workforce training, retraining, or recruitment 
                and retention, including that of women and 
                underrepresented minorities;
                    (C) business incubators;
                    (D) advanced research and commercialization, 
                including with Federal laboratories and depots;
                    (E) supply chain development; and
                    (F) small business assistance.

    (d) Receipt of Transferred Funds.--The Secretary of Defense may 
accept amounts transferred to the Secretary from the head of another 
agency or a State or local governmental organization to carry out this 
section.
SEC. 847. LIMITATION ON PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN ITEMS FOR T-AO-205 
                        PROGRAM.

    Effective during fiscal year 2019, the Secretary of Defense may 
procure the following items for the T-AO-205 program only if the 
manufacturer of the item is in the United States:
            (1) Auxiliary equipment, including pumps, for all shipboard 
        services.
            (2) Propulsion system components, including engines, 
        reduction gears, and propellers.
            (3) Shipboard cranes.
            (4) Spreaders for shipboard cranes.

                   Subtitle F--Small Business Matters

SEC. 851. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE SMALL BUSINESS STRATEGY.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 136 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2283. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2283.>> Department of Defense small 
                  business strategy

    ``(a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall implement a small 
business strategy for the Department of Defense that meets the 
requirements of this section.
    ``(b) Unified Management Structure.--As part of the small business 
strategy described in subsection (a), the Secretary shall

[[Page 132 STAT. 1884]]

ensure that there is a unified management structure within the 
Department for the functions of the Department relating to--
            ``(1) programs and activities related to small business 
        concerns (as defined in section 3 of the Small Business Act);
            ``(2) manufacturing and industrial base policy; and
            ``(3) any procurement technical assistance program 
        established under chapter 142 of this title.

    ``(c) Purpose of Small Business Programs.--The Secretary shall 
ensure that programs and activities of the Department of Defense related 
to small business concerns are carried out so as to further national 
defense programs and priorities and the statements of purpose for 
Department of Defense acquisition set forth in section 801 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
91; 131 Stat. 1449).
    ``(d) Points of Entry Into Defense Market.--The Secretary shall 
ensure--
            ``(1) that opportunities for small business concerns to 
        contract with the Department of Defense are identified clearly; 
        and
            ``(2) that small business concerns are able to have access 
        to program managers, contracting officers, and other persons 
        using the products or services of such concern to the extent 
        necessary to inform such persons of emerging and existing 
        capabilities of such concerns.

    ``(e) Enhanced Outreach Under Procurement Technical Assistance 
Program Market.--The Secretary shall enable and promote activities to 
provide coordinated outreach to small business concerns through any 
procurement technical assistance program established under chapter 142 
of this title to facilitate small business contracting with the 
Department of Defense.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2283 note.>>  Implementation.--
            (1) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop the 
        small business strategy required by section 2283 of title 10, 
        United States Code, as added by subsection (a), not later than 
        180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Notice to congress and publication.--Upon completion of 
        the development of the small business strategy pursuant to 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) transmit the strategy to Congress; and
                    (B) publish the strategy on a public website of the 
                Department of Defense.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the beginning of 
such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2281 prec.>>  is amended by adding at the 
end the following new item:

``2283. Department of Defense small business strategy.''.

SEC. 852. PROMPT PAYMENTS OF SMALL BUSINESS CONTRACTORS.

    Section 2307(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as subparagraphs 
        (A) and (B), respectively;
            (2) by striking ``The head of any agency may--'' and 
        inserting ``(1) The head of any agency may''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:

    ``(2)(A) For a prime contractor (as defined in section 8701 of title 
41) that is a small business concern (as defined in section 3 of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)), the Secretary of Defense shall, to 
the fullest extent permitted by law, establish

[[Page 132 STAT. 1885]]

an accelerated payment date with a goal of 15 days after receipt of a 
proper invoice for the amount due if a specific payment date is not 
established by contract.
    ``(B) For a prime contractor that subcontracts with a small business 
concern, the Secretary of Defense shall, to the fullest extent permitted 
by law, establish an accelerated payment date with a goal of 15 days 
after receipt of a proper invoice for the amount due if--
            ``(i) a specific payment date is not established by 
        contract; and
            ``(ii) the prime contractor agrees to make payments to the 
        subcontractor in accordance with the accelerated payment date, 
        to the maximum extent practicable, without any further 
        consideration from or fees charged to the subcontractor.''.
SEC. 853. INCREASED PARTICIPATION IN THE SMALL BUSINESS 
                        ADMINISTRATION MICROLOAN PROGRAM.

    (a) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``intermediary'' has the meaning given that 
        term in section 7(m)(11) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
        636(m)(11)).
            (2) The term ``microloan program'' means the program 
        established under section 7(m) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 636(m)).

    (b) Microloan Intermediary Lending Limit Increased.--Section 
7(m)(3)(C) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(m)(3)(C)) is amended 
by striking ``$5,000,000'' and inserting ``$6,000,000''.
    (c) SBA Study of Microenterprise Participation.--Not later than one 
year after the date of the enactment of this section, the Administrator 
of the Small Business Administration shall conduct a study and submit to 
the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and 
the Committee on Small Business of the House of Representatives a report 
on--
            (1) the operations (including services provided, structure, 
        size, and area of operation) of a representative sample of--
                    (A) intermediaries that are eligible to participate 
                in the microloan program and that do participate; and
                    (B) intermediaries that are eligible to participate 
                in the microloan program and that do not participate;
            (2) the reasons why eligible intermediaries described in 
        paragraph (1)(B) choose not to participate in the microloan 
        program;
            (3) recommendations on how to encourage increased 
        participation in the microloan program by eligible 
        intermediaries described in paragraph (1)(B); and
            (4) recommendations on how to decrease the costs associated 
        with participation in the microloan program for eligible 
        intermediaries.

    (d) GAO Study on Microloan Intermediary Practices.--Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this section, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the Committee 
on Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee 
on Small Business of the House of Representatives a report evaluating--
            (1) oversight of the microloan program by the Small Business 
        Administration, including oversight of intermediaries 
        participating in the microloan program; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1886]]

            (2) the specific processes used by the Small Business 
        Administration to ensure--
                    (A) compliance by intermediaries participating in 
                the microloan program; and
                    (B) the overall performance of the microloan 
                program.
SEC. 854. AMENDMENTS TO SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM 
                        AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER 
                        PROGRAM.

    (a) Extension of Pilot Programs.--Section 9 of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (cc), by striking ``2017'' and inserting 
        ``2022'';
            (2) in subsection (gg)(7), by striking ``2017'' and 
        inserting ``2022'';
            (3) in subsection (jj)--
                    (A) in paragraph (4)(A), by striking ``3'' and 
                inserting ``4''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (7), by striking ``2017'' and 
                inserting ``2022'';
            (4) in subsection (mm)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), 
                      by striking ``2017'' and inserting ``2022'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (I), by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (J), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(K) funding for improvements that increase 
                commonality across data systems, reduce redundancy, and 
                improve data oversight and accuracy.''; and
            (5) by adding at the end the following:

    ``(tt) Outstanding Reports and Evaluations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2019, the 
        Administrator shall submit to the Committee on Small Business 
        and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, the Committee on Small 
        Business of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives--
                    ``(A) each report, evaluation, or analysis, as 
                applicable, described in subsection (b)(7), (g)(9), 
                (o)(10), (y)(6)(C), (gg)(6), (jj)(6), and (mm)(6); and
                    ``(B) metrics regarding, and an evaluation of, the 
                authority provided to the National Institutes of Health, 
                the Department of Defense, and the Department of 
                Education under subsection (cc).
            ``(2) Information required.--Not later than December 31, 
        2018, the head of each agency that is responsible for carrying 
        out a provision described in subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
        paragraph (1) shall submit to the Administrator any information 
        that is necessary for the Administrator to carry out the 
        responsibilities of the Administrator under that paragraph.''.

    (b) Accelerating SBIR and STTR Awards.--Section 9 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (hh)--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1887]]

                    (A) by striking ``Federal agencies'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Federal agencies'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), as so designated, by striking 
                ``attempt to''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Pilot program to accelerate department of defense sbir 
        and sttr awards.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                date of enactment of this paragraph, the Under Secretary 
                of Defense for Research and Engineering, acting through 
                the Director of Defense Procurement and Acquisition 
                Policy of the Department of Defense, shall establish a 
                pilot program to reduce the time for awards under the 
                SBIR and STTR programs of the Department of Defense, 
                under which the Department of Defense shall--
                          ``(i) develop simplified and standardized 
                      procedures and model contracts throughout the 
                      Department of Defense for Phase I, Phase II, and 
                      Phase III SBIR awards;
                          ``(ii) for Phase I SBIR and STTR awards, 
                      reduce the amount of time between solicitation 
                      closure and award;
                          ``(iii) for Phase II SBIR and STTR awards, 
                      reduce the amount of time between the end of a 
                      Phase I award and the start of the Phase II award;
                          ``(iv) for Phase II SBIR and STTR awards that 
                      skip Phase I, reduce the amount of time between 
                      solicitation closure and award;
                          ``(v) for sequential Phase II SBIR and STTR 
                      awards, reduce the amount of time between Phase II 
                      awards; and
                          ``(vi) reduce the award times described in 
                      clauses (ii), (iii), (iv), and (v) to be as close 
                      to 90 days as possible.
                    ``(B) Consultation.--In carrying out the pilot 
                program under subparagraph (A), the Director of Defense 
                Procurement and Acquisition Policy of the Department of 
                Defense shall consult with the Director of the Office of 
                Small Business Programs of the Department of Defense.
                    ``(C) Termination.--The pilot program under 
                subparagraph (A) shall terminate on September 30, 
                2022.''; and
            (2) in subsection (ii)--
                    (A) by striking ``Federal agencies'' and inserting 
                the following:
            ``(1) In general.--Federal agencies''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(2) Comptroller general reports.--The Comptroller General 
        of the United States shall submit to the Committee on Small 
        Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, the Committee on 
        Armed Services of the Senate, the Committee on Small Business of 
        the House of Representatives, and the Committee on Armed 
        Services of the House of Representatives--
                    ``(A) not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this paragraph, and every year thereafter 
                for 3 years, a report that--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1888]]

                          ``(i) provides the average and median amount 
                      of time that each component of the Department of 
                      Defense with an SBIR or STTR program takes to 
                      review and make a final decision on proposals 
                      submitted under the program; and
                          ``(ii) compares that average and median amount 
                      of time with that of other Federal agencies 
                      participating in the SBIR or STTR program; and
                    ``(B) not later than December 5, 2021, a report 
                that--
                          ``(i) includes the information described in 
                      subparagraph (A);
                          ``(ii) assesses where each Federal agency 
                      participating in the SBIR or STTR program needs 
                      improvement with respect to the proposal review 
                      and award times under the program;
                          ``(iii) identifies best practices for 
                      shortening the proposal review and award times 
                      under the SBIR and STTR programs, including the 
                      pros and cons of using contracts compared to 
                      grants; and
                          ``(iv) analyzes the efficacy of the pilot 
                      program established under subsection (hh)(2).''.

    (c) Improvements to Technical and Business Assistance.--
            (1) In general.--Section 9(q) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 638(q)) is amended--
                    (A) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``and 
                Business'' after ``Technical'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``a vendor selected 
                                under paragraph (2)'' and inserting ``1 
                                or more vendors selected under paragraph 
                                (2)(A)'';
                                    (II) by inserting ``and business'' 
                                before ``assistance services''; and
                                    (III) by inserting ``assistance with 
                                product sales, intellectual property 
                                protections, market research, market 
                                validation, and development of 
                                regulatory plans and manufacturing 
                                plans,'' after ``technologies,''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D), by inserting ``, 
                      including intellectual property protections'' 
                      before the period at the end;
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the first sentence, by striking ``Each 
                      agency may select a vendor to assist small 
                      business concerns to meet'' and inserting the 
                      following:
                    ``(A) In general.--Each agency may select 1 or more 
                vendors from which small business concerns may obtain 
                assistance in meeting''; and
                          (ii) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(B) Selection by small business concern.--A small 
                business concern may, by contract or otherwise, select 1 
                or more vendors to assist the small business concern in 
                meeting the goals listed in paragraph (1).''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``paragraph 
                      (2)'' each place that term appears;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1889]]

                          (ii) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``$5,000 
                      per year'' each place that term appears and 
                      inserting ``$6,500 per year'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) by striking ``$5,000 per year'' 
                                each place that term appears and 
                                inserting ``$50,000 per project''; and
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``which shall be in addition to the 
                                amount of the recipient's award'' and 
                                inserting ``which may, as determined 
                                appropriate by the head of the Federal 
                                agency, be included as part of the 
                                recipient's award or be in addition to 
                                the amount of the recipient's award'';
                          (iv) in subparagraph (C)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``or business'' 
                                after ``technical'';
                                    (II) by striking ``the vendor'' and 
                                inserting ``a vendor''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following: ``Business-related services 
                                aimed at improving the commercialization 
                                success of a small business concern may 
                                be obtained from an entity, such as a 
                                public or private organization or an 
                                agency of or other entity established or 
                                funded by a State that facilitates or 
                                accelerates the commercialization of 
                                technologies or assists in the creation 
                                and growth of private enterprises that 
                                are commercializing technology.'';
                          (v) in subparagraph (D)--
                                    (I) by inserting ``or business'' 
                                after ``technical'' each place that term 
                                appears; and
                                    (II) in clause (i), by striking 
                                ``the vendor'' and inserting ``1 or more 
                                vendors''; and
                          (vi) by adding at the end the following:
                    ``(E) Multiple award recipients.--The Administrator 
                shall establish a limit on the amount of technical and 
                business assistance services that may be received or 
                purchased under subparagraph (B) by a small business 
                concern that has received multiple Phase II SBIR or STTR 
                awards for a fiscal year.''; and
                    (E) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(4) Annual reporting.--
                    ``(A) In general.--A small business concern that 
                receives technical or business assistance from a vendor 
                under this subsection during a fiscal year shall submit 
                to the Federal agency contracting with the vendor a 
                description of the technical or business assistance 
                provided and the benefits and results of the technical 
                or business assistance provided.
                    ``(B) Use of existing reporting mechanism.--The 
                information required under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                collected by a Federal agency as part of a report 
                required to be submitted by small business concerns 
                engaged in SBIR or STTR projects of the Federal agency 
                for which the requirement was in effect on the date of 
                enactment of this paragraph.''.
            (2) Review.--Not later than the end of fiscal year 2019, the 
        Administrator of the Small Business Administration shall--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1890]]

                    (A) conduct a survey of vendors providing technical 
                or business assistance under section 9(q) of the Small 
                Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(q)), as amended by paragraph 
                (1), and small business concerns receiving the technical 
                or business assistance; and
                    (B) submit to the Committee on Small Business and 
                Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on 
                Small Business of the House of Representatives a report 
                reviewing the efficacy of the provision of the technical 
                or business assistance.
SEC. 855. CONSTRUCTION CONTRACT ADMINISTRATION.

    Section 15 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(w) Solicitation Notice Regarding Administration of Change Orders 
for Construction.--
            ``(1) In general.--With respect to any solicitation for the 
        award of a contract for construction anticipated to be awarded 
        to a small business concern, the agency administering such 
        contract shall provide a notice along with the solicitation to 
        prospective bidders and offerors that includes--
                    ``(A) information about the agency's policies or 
                practices in complying with the requirements of the 
                Federal Acquisition Regulation relating to the timely 
                definitization of requests for an equitable adjustment; 
                and
                    ``(B) information about the agency's past 
                performance in definitizing requests for equitable 
                adjustments in accordance with paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Requirements for agencies.--An agency shall provide 
        the past performance information described under paragraph 
        (1)(B) as follows:
                    ``(A) For the 3-year period preceding the issuance 
                of the notice, to the extent such information is 
                available.
                    ``(B) With respect to an agency that, on the date of 
                the enactment of this subsection, has not compiled the 
                information described under paragraph (1)(B)--
                          ``(i) beginning 1 year after the date of the 
                      enactment of this subsection, for the 1-year 
                      period preceding the issuance of the notice;
                          ``(ii) beginning 2 years after the date of the 
                      enactment of this subsection, for the 2-year 
                      period preceding the issuance of the notice; and
                          ``(iii) beginning 3 years after the date of 
                      the enactment of this subsection and each year 
                      thereafter, for the 3-year period preceding the 
                      issuance of the notice.
            ``(3) Format of past performance information.--In the notice 
        required under paragraph (1), the agency shall ensure that the 
        past performance information described under paragraph (1)(B) is 
        set forth separately for each definitization action that was 
        completed during the following periods:
                    ``(A) Not more than 30 days after receipt of a 
                request for an equitable adjustment.
                    ``(B) Not more than 60 days after receipt of a 
                request for an equitable adjustment.
                    ``(C) Not more than 90 days after receipt of a 
                request for an equitable adjustment.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1891]]

                    ``(D) Not more than 180 days after receipt of a 
                request for an equitable adjustment.
                    ``(E) Not more than 365 days after receipt of a 
                request for an equitable adjustment.
                    ``(F) More than 365 days after receipt of a request 
                for an equitable adjustment.
                    ``(G) After the completion of the performance of the 
                contract through a contract modification addressing all 
                undefinitized requests for an equitable adjustment 
                received during the term of the contract.''.
SEC. 856. COMPTROLLER GENERAL STUDY OF IMPACT OF BROADBAND SPEED 
                        AND PRICE ON SMALL BUSINESSES.

    (a) Study Required.--Subject to appropriations, the Comptroller 
General of the United States shall conduct a study evaluating the impact 
of broadband speed and price on small business concerns (as defined in 
section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632)).
    (b) Report.--Not later than three years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the 
Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation and the Committee on 
Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate and the Committee on 
Energy and Commerce and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the study under subsection 
(a), including--
            (1) a survey of broadband speeds available to small business 
        concerns;
            (2) a survey of the cost of broadband speeds available to 
        small business concerns;
            (3) a survey of the type of broadband technology used by 
        small business concerns; and
            (4) any policy recommendations that may improve the access 
        of small business concerns to comparable broadband services at 
        comparable rates in all regions of the United States.
SEC. 857. CONSOLIDATED BUDGET DISPLAY FOR THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH 
                        PROGRAM AND SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY 
                        TRANSFER PROGRAM.

    (a) Budget Display Submission.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering, 
shall include in the materials submitted to Congress by the Secretary of 
Defense in support of the budget of the President for each fiscal year 
(as submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United States 
Code), a budget display for the funds assessed for the Small Business 
Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology Transfer 
Program (as such terms are defined, respectively, in section 9(e) of the 
Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e))) of the Department of Defense 
during the previous fiscal year.
    (b) Budget Display Requirements.--The budget display under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) for funds assessed, the amount obligated and expended, 
        by appropriation and functional area, for the Small Business 
        Innovation Research Program or the Small Business Technology 
        Transfer Program;
            (2) information, by military department and other awarding 
        organizations, on Phase I, II, and III awards;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1892]]

            (3) to the extent practicable, specific processes, products, 
        technologies, or services that were transitioned to acquisition 
        programs of record, or other follow-on contracts; and
            (4) an estimate of the Small Business Innovation Research 
        Program and the Small Business Technology Transfer Program 
        funding to be assessed during the period covered by the current 
        future-years defense program (as defined under section 221 of 
        title 10, United States Code).

    (c) First Submission.--The first budget display under subsection (a) 
shall be included with the budget for the President for fiscal year 
2020.
    (d) Congressional Committees.--The budget display under subsection 
(a) shall be submitted to the congressional defense committees, with 
copies provided to the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship 
of the Senate and the Committee on Small Business of the House of 
Representatives.
    (e) Termination.--The requirements of this section shall terminate 
on December 31, 2022.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to modify or otherwise affect the requirement to expend 
amounts for the Small Business Innovation Research Program and the Small 
Business Technology Transfer Program of the Department of Defense under 
subsections (f) and (n) of section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 638).
SEC. 858. FUNDING FOR PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAM.

    (a) Amount of Assistance From Secretary.--Section 2413(b) of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``not more than 65 percent'' and inserting 
        ``not more than 75 percent''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by striking ``more than 65 percent, 
        but not more than 75 percent'' and inserting ``more than 75 
        percent, but not more than 85 percent''.

    (b) Funding for Eligible Entities.--Section 2414(a) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by striking ``$750,000'' and inserting 
        ``$1,000,000'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``$450,000'' and inserting 
        ``$750,000'';
            (3) in paragraph (3), by striking ``$300,000'' and inserting 
        ``$450,000''; and
            (4) in paragraph (4), by striking ``$750,000'' and inserting 
        ``$1,000,000''.
SEC. 859. AUTHORIZATION FOR PAYMENT OF CERTAIN COSTS RELATING TO 
                        PROCUREMENT TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE CENTERS.

    (a) Authorization to Pay Costs Relating to Meetings of Eligible 
Entities.--Section 2417 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by inserting ``and other'' after 
        ``Administrative'';
            (2) by striking ``chapter, an amount'' and inserting 
        ``chapter--

    ``(1) an amount'';
            (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
        and''; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1893]]

            (4) by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(2) an amount determined appropriate by the Director to 
        assist eligible entities in payment of costs of eligible 
        entities --
                    ``(A) for meetings to discuss best practices for the 
                improvement of the operations of procurement technical 
                assistance centers; and
                    ``(B) for membership dues for any association of 
                such centers created by eligible entities, training fees 
                and associated travel for training to carry out the 
                purposes of this chapter, and voluntary participation on 
                any committees or board of such an association.''.

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than six months after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency 
shall brief the congressional defense committees on the recognition or 
lack of recognition by the Department of Defense of procurement 
technical assistance center associations and the rationale for the 
recognition or lack of recognition, including a discussion of whether 
the Department needs authority to recognize such associations.
SEC. 860. COMMERCIALIZATION ASSISTANCE PILOT PROGRAM.

    Section 9 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638) is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(uu) Commercialization Assistance Pilot Programs.--
            ``(1) Pilot programs implemented.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in 
                subparagraph (B), not later than one year after the date 
                of the enactment of this subsection, a covered agency 
                shall implement a commercialization assistance pilot 
                program, under which an eligible entity may receive a 
                subsequent Phase II SBIR award.
                    ``(B) Exception.--If the Administrator determines 
                that a covered agency has a program that is sufficiently 
                similar to the commercialization assistance pilot 
                program established under this subsection, such covered 
                agency shall not be required to implement a 
                commercialization assistance pilot program under this 
                subsection.
            ``(2) Percent of agency funds.--The head of each covered 
        agency may allocate not more than 5 percent of the funds 
        allocated to the SBIR program of the covered agency for the 
        purpose of making a subsequent Phase II SBIR award under the 
        commercialization assistance pilot program.
            ``(3) Termination.--A commercialization assistance pilot 
        program established under this subsection shall terminate on 
        September 30, 2022.
            ``(4) Application.--To be selected to receive a subsequent 
        Phase II SBIR award under a commercialization assistance pilot 
        program, an eligible entity shall submit to the covered agency 
        implementing such pilot program an application at such time, in 
        such manner, and containing such information as the covered 
        agency may require, including--
                    ``(A) an updated Phase II commercialization plan; 
                and
                    ``(B) the source and amount of the matching funding 
                required under paragraph (5).
            ``(5) Matching funding.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1894]]

                    ``(A) In general.--The Administrator shall require, 
                as a condition of any subsequent Phase II SBIR award 
                made to an eligible entity under this subsection, that a 
                matching amount (excluding any fees collected by the 
                eligible entity receiving such award) equal to the 
                amount of such award be provided from an eligible third-
                party investor.
                    ``(B) Ineligible sources.--An eligible entity may 
                not use funding from ineligible sources to meet the 
                matching requirement of subparagraph (A).
            ``(6) Award.--A subsequent Phase II SBIR award made to an 
        eligible entity under this subsection--
                    ``(A) may not exceed the limitation described under 
                subsection (aa)(1); and
                    ``(B) shall be disbursed during Phase II.
            ``(7) Use of funds.--The funds awarded to an eligible entity 
        under this subsection may only be used for research and 
        development activities that build on eligible entity's Phase II 
        program and ensure the research funded under such Phase II is 
        rapidly progressing towards commercialization.
            ``(8) Selection.--In selecting eligible entities to 
        participate in a commercialization assistance pilot program 
        under this subsection, the head of a covered agency shall 
        consider--
                    ``(A) the extent to which such award could aid the 
                eligible entity in commercializing the research funded 
                under the eligible entity's Phase II program;
                    ``(B) whether the updated Phase II commercialization 
                plan submitted under paragraph (4) provides a sound 
                approach for establishing technical feasibility that 
                could lead to commercialization of such research;
                    ``(C) whether the proposed activities to be 
                conducted under such updated Phase II commercialization 
                plan further improve the likelihood that such research 
                will provide societal benefits;
                    ``(D) whether the small business concern has 
                progressed satisfactorily in Phase II to justify receipt 
                of a subsequent Phase II SBIR award;
                    ``(E) the expectations of the eligible third-party 
                investor that provides matching funding under paragraph 
                (5); and
                    ``(F) the likelihood that the proposed activities to 
                be conducted under such updated Phase II 
                commercialization plan using matching funding provided 
                by such eligible third-party investor will lead to 
                commercial and societal benefit.
            ``(9) Evaluation report.--Not later than 6 years after the 
        date of the enactment of this subsection, the Comptroller 
        General of the United States shall submit to the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology and the Committee on Small 
        Business of the House of Representatives, and the Committee on 
        Small Business and Entrepreneurship of the Senate, a report 
        including--
                    ``(A) a summary of the activities of 
                commercialization assistance pilot programs carried out 
                under this subsection;
                    ``(B) a detailed compilation of results achieved by 
                such commercialization assistance pilot programs, 
                including the number of eligible entities that received 
                awards under such programs;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1895]]

                    ``(C) the rate at which each eligible entity that 
                received a subsequent Phase II SBIR award under this 
                subsection commercialized research of the recipient;
                    ``(D) the growth in employment and revenue of 
                eligible entities that is attributable to participation 
                in a commercialization assistance pilot program;
                    ``(E) a comparison of commercialization success of 
                eligible entities participating in a commercialization 
                assistance pilot program with recipients of an 
                additional Phase II SBIR award under subsection (ff);
                    ``(F) demographic information, such as ethnicity and 
                geographic location, of eligible entities participating 
                in a commercialization assistance pilot program;
                    ``(G) an accounting of the funds used at each 
                covered agency that implements a commercialization 
                assistance pilot program under this subsection;
                    ``(H) the amount of matching funding provided by 
                eligible third-party investors, set forth separately by 
                source of funding;
                    ``(I) an analysis of the effectiveness of the 
                commercialization assistance pilot program implemented 
                by each covered agency; and
                    ``(J) recommendations for improvements to the 
                commercialization assistance pilot program.
            ``(10) Definitions.--For purposes of this subsection:
                    ``(A) Covered agency.--The term `covered agency' 
                means a Federal agency required to have an SBIR program.
                    ``(B) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' 
                means a small business concern that has received a Phase 
                II award under an SBIR program and an additional Phase 
                II SBIR award under subsection (ff) from the covered 
                agency to which such small business concern is applying 
                for a subsequent Phase II SBIR award.
                    ``(C) Eligible third-party investor.--The term 
                `eligible third-party investor' means a small business 
                concern other than an eligible entity, a venture capital 
                firm, an individual investor, a non-SBIR Federal, State 
                or local government, or any combination thereof.
                    ``(D) Ineligible sources.--The term `ineligible 
                sources' means the following:
                          ``(i) The eligible entity's internal research 
                      and development funds.
                          ``(ii) Funding in forms other than cash, such 
                      as in-kind or other intangible assets.
                          ``(iii) Funding from the owners of the 
                      eligible entity, or the family members or 
                      affiliates of such owners.
                          ``(iv) Funding attained through loans or other 
                      forms of debt obligations.
                    ``(E) Subsequent phase ii sbir award.--The term 
                `subsequent Phase II SBIR award' means an award granted 
                to an eligible entity under this subsection to carry out 
                further commercialization activities for research 
                conducted pursuant to an SBIR program.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1896]]

SEC. 861. PUERTO RICO BUSINESSES.

    (a) Definition of Puerto Rico Business.--Section 3 of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632) is amended by adding at the end the 
following new subsection:
    ``(ee) Puerto Rico Business.--In this Act, the term `Puerto Rico 
business' means a small business concern that has its principal office 
located in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.''.
    (b) Small Business Credit for Puerto Rico Businesses.--Section 15 of 
the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 644) is amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(x) Small Business Credit for Puerto Rico Businesses.--
            ``(1) Credit for meeting contracting goals.--If an agency 
        awards a prime contract to Puerto Rico business during the 
        period beginning on the date of enactment of this subsection and 
        ending on the date that is 4 years after such date of enactment, 
        the value of the contract shall be doubled for purposes of 
        determining compliance with the goals for procurement contracts 
        under subsection (g)(1)(A)(i) during such period.
            ``(2) Report.--Along with the report required under 
        subsection (h)(1), the head of each Federal agency shall submit 
        to the Administrator, and make publicly available on the 
        scorecard described in section 868(b) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (15 U.S.C. 644 note), an 
        analysis of the number and dollar amount of prime contracts 
        awarded pursuant to paragraph (1) for each fiscal year of the 
        period described in such paragraph.''.

    (c) Priority for Surplus Property Transfers.--Section 7(j)(13)(F) of 
the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(j)(13)(F)) is amended by adding at 
the end the following new clause:
            ``(iii)(I) In this clause, the term `covered period' means 
        the period beginning on the date of enactment of this clause and 
        ending on the date on which the Oversight Board established 
        under section 101 of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and 
        Economic Stability Act (48 U.S.C. 2121) terminates.
            ``(II) The Administrator may transfer technology or surplus 
        property under clause (i) to a Puerto Rico business if the 
        Puerto Rico business meets the requirements for such a transfer, 
        without regard to whether the Puerto Rico business is a Program 
        Participant.''.

    (d) Contracting Incentives for Protege Firms That Are Puerto Rico 
Businesses.--
            (1) In general.--Section 45(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 657r(a)) is amended by adding at the end the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(3) Puerto rico businesses.--During the period beginning 
        on the date of enactment of this paragraph and ending on the 
        date on which the Oversight Board established under section 101 
        of the Puerto Rico Oversight, Management, and Economic Stability 
        Act (48 U.S.C. 2121) terminates, the Administrator shall 
        identify potential incentives to a covered mentor that awards a 
        subcontract to its covered protege, including--
                    ``(A) positive consideration in any past performance 
                evaluation of the covered mentor; and
                    ``(B) the application of costs incurred for 
                providing training to such covered protege to the 
                subcontracting plan

[[Page 132 STAT. 1897]]

                (as required under paragraph (4) or (5) of section 8(d)) 
                of the covered mentor.''.
            (2) Definitions.--Section 45(d) of the Small Business Act 
        (15 U.S.C. 657r(d)) is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(4) Covered mentor.--The term `covered mentor' means a 
        mentor that enters into an agreement under this Act, or under 
        any mentor-protege program approved under subsection (b)(1), 
        with a covered protege.
            ``(5) Covered protege.--The term `covered protege' means a 
        protege of a covered mentor that is a Puerto Rico business.''.

    (e) Additional Mentor-Protege Relationships for Protege Firms That 
Are Puerto Rico Businesses.--Section 45(b)(3)(A) of the Small Business 
Act (15 U.S.C. 657r(b)(3)(A)) is amended by inserting ``, except that 
such restrictions shall not apply to up to 2 mentor-protege 
relationships if such relationships are between a covered protege and 
covered mentor'' after ``each participant''.
SEC. 862. OPPORTUNITIES FOR EMPLOYEE-OWNED BUSINESS CONCERNS 
                        THROUGH SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION LOAN 
                        PROGRAMS.

    (a) <<NOTE: 15 USC 648 note.>>  Definitions.--In this Act--
            (1) the terms ``Administration'' and ``Administrator'' means 
        the Small Business Administration and the Administrator thereof, 
        respectively;
            (2) the term ``cooperative'' means an entity that is 
        determined to be a cooperative by the Administrator, in 
        accordance with applicable Federal and State laws and 
        regulations;
            (3) the term ``employee-owned business concern'' means--
                    (A) a cooperative; and
                    (B) a qualified employee trust;
            (4) the terms ``qualified employee trust'' and ``small 
        business concern'' have the meanings given those terms in 
        section 3 of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632); and
            (5) the term ``small business development center'' means a 
        small business development center described in section 21 of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648).

    (b) Expansion of 7(a) Loans.--
            (1) In general.--Section 7(a) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 636(a)) is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (15)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                    (I) by striking ``this subsection to 
                                qualified employee trusts'' and 
                                inserting ``this subsection--
                    ``(i) to qualified employee trusts'';
                                    (II) in clause (i), as so 
                                designated--
                                            (aa) by inserting ``, and 
                                        for any transaction costs 
                                        associated with purchasing,'' 
                                        after ``purchasing'';
                                            (bb) by striking the period 
                                        at the end and inserting ``; 
                                        and''; and
                                    (III) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                    ``(ii) to a small business concern under a plan 
                approved by the Administrator, if the proceeds from the 
                loan are only used to make a loan to a qualified 
                employee trust, and for any transaction costs associated 
                with making that

[[Page 132 STAT. 1898]]

                loan, that results in the qualified employee trust 
                owning at least 51 percent of the small business 
                concern.'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                    (I) in the matter preceding clause 
                                (i), by inserting ``or by the small 
                                business concern'' after ``the trustee 
                                of such trust'';
                                    (II) in clause (ii), by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                    (III) in clause (iii), by striking 
                                the period at the end and inserting ``, 
                                and''; and
                                    (IV) by adding at the end the 
                                following:
                    ``(iv) with respect to a loan made to a trust, or to 
                a cooperative in accordance with paragraph (35)--
                          ``(I) a seller of the small business concern 
                      may remain involved as an officer, director, or 
                      key employee of the small business concern when a 
                      qualified employee trust or cooperative has 
                      acquired 100 percent of ownership of the small 
                      business concern; and
                          ``(II) any seller of the small business 
                      concern who remains as an owner of the small 
                      business concern, regardless of the percentage of 
                      ownership interest, shall be required to provide a 
                      personal guarantee by the Administration.''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(F) A small business concern that makes a loan to a 
        qualified employee trust under subparagraph (A)(ii) is not 
        required to contain the same terms and conditions as the loan 
        made to the small business concern that is guaranteed by the 
        Administration under such subparagraph.
            ``(G) With respect to a loan made to a qualified employee 
        trust under this paragraph, or to a cooperative in accordance 
        with paragraph (35), the Administrator may, as deemed 
        appropriate, elect to not require any mandatory equity to be 
        provided by the qualified employee trust or cooperative to make 
        the loan.''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(35) Loans to cooperatives.--
                    ``(A) Definition.--In this paragraph, the term 
                `cooperative' means an entity that is determined to be a 
                cooperative by the Administrator, in accordance with 
                applicable Federal and State laws and regulation.
                    ``(B) Authority.--The Administration shall guarantee 
                loans made to a cooperative for the purpose described in 
                paragraph (15).''.
            (2) Delegation of authority to preferred lenders.--Section 
        5(b)(7) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 634(b)(7)) is 
        amended by inserting ``, including loans guaranteed under 
        paragraph (15) or (35) of section 7(a)'' after ``deferred 
        participation loans''.

    (c) <<NOTE: 15 USC 648 note.>>  Small Business Investment Company 
Program Outreach.--The Administrator shall provide outreach and 
educational materials to companies licensed under section 301(c) of the 
Small Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 681(c)) to increase the 
use of funds to make investments in company transitions to employee-
owned business concerns.

    (d) <<NOTE: 15 USC 648 note.>>  Small Business Microloan Program 
Outreach.--The Administrator shall provide outreach and educational 
materials

[[Page 132 STAT. 1899]]

to intermediaries under section 7(m) of the Small Business Act (15 
U.S.C. 636(m)) to increase the use of funds to make loans to employee-
owned business concerns, including transitions to employee-owned 
business concerns.

    (e) <<NOTE: 15 USC 648 note.>>  Small Business Development Center 
Outreach and Assistance.--
            (1) Establishment.--The Administrator shall establish a 
        Small Business Employee Ownership and Cooperatives Promotion 
        Program to offer technical assistance and training on the 
        transition to employee ownership through cooperatives and 
        qualified employee trusts.
            (2) Small business development centers.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the program 
                established under subsection (a), the Administrator 
                shall enter into agreements with small business 
                development centers under which the centers shall--
                          (i) provide access to information and 
                      resources on employee ownership through 
                      cooperatives or qualified employee trusts as a 
                      business succession strategy;
                          (ii) conduct training and educational 
                      activities; and
                          (iii) carry out the activities described in 
                      subparagraph (U) of section 21(c)(3) of the Small 
                      Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648(c)(3)).
                    (B) Additional services.--Section 21(c)(3) of the 
                Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 648(c)(3)) is amended--
                          (i) in subparagraph (S), by striking ``and'' 
                      at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (T), by striking the 
                      period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
            ``(U) encouraging and assisting the provision of succession 
        planning to small business concerns with a focus on 
        transitioning to cooperatives, as defined in section 7(a)(35), 
        and qualified employee trusts (collectively referred to in this 
        subparagraph as `employee-owned business concerns'), including 
        by--
                    ``(i) providing training to individuals to promote 
                the successful management, governance, or operation of a 
                business purchased by those individuals in the formation 
                of an employee-owned business concern;
                    ``(ii) assisting employee-owned business concerns 
                that meet applicable size standards established under 
                section 3(a) with education and technical assistance 
                with respect to financing and contracting programs 
                administered by the Administration;
                    ``(iii) coordinating with lenders on conducting 
                outreach on financing through programs administered by 
                the Administration that may be used to support the 
                transition of ownership to employees;
                    ``(iv) supporting small business concerns in 
                exploring or assessing the possibility of transitioning 
                to an employee-owned business concern; and
                    ``(v) coordinating with the cooperative development 
                centers of the Department of Agriculture, the land grant 
                extension network, the Manufacturing Extension 
                Partnership, community development financial 
                institutions, employee

[[Page 132 STAT. 1900]]

                ownership associations and service providers, and local, 
                regional and national cooperative associations.''.

    (f) Amendment to Report to Congress on Status of Employee-Owned 
Firms.--Section 7(a)(15)(E) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 
636(a)(15)(E)) is amended by striking ``Administration.'' and inserting 
``Administration, which shall include--
                          ``(i) the total number of loans made to 
                      employee-owned business concerns that were 
                      guaranteed by the Administrator under section 7(a) 
                      of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 636(a)) or 
                      section 502 of the Small Business Investment Act 
                      of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 696), including the number of 
                      loans made--
                                    ``(I) to small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by socially and 
                                economically disadvantaged individuals; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) to cooperatives;
                          ``(ii) the total number of financings made to 
                      employee-owned business concerns by companies 
                      licensed under section 301(c) of the Small 
                      Business Investment Act of 1958 (15 U.S.C. 
                      696(c)), including the number of financings made--
                                    ``(I) to small business concerns 
                                owned and controlled by socially and 
                                economically disadvantaged individuals; 
                                and
                                    ``(II) to cooperatives; and
                          ``(iii) any outreach and educational 
                      activities conducted by the Administration with 
                      respect to employee-owned business concerns.''.

    (g) Report on Cooperative Lending.--
            (1) Sense of congress.--It is the sense of Congress that 
        cooperatives have a unique business structure and are unable to 
        access the lending programs of the Administration effectively 
        due to loan guarantee requirements that are incompatible with 
        the business structure of cooperatives.
            (2) Study and report.--
                    (A) Study.--The Administrator, in coordination with 
                lenders, stakeholders, and Federal agencies, shall study 
                and recommend practical alternatives for cooperatives 
                that will satisfy the loan guarantee requirements of the 
                Administration.
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
                of enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit 
                to Congress the recommendations developed under 
                paragraph (1) and a plan to implement such 
                recommendations.

    (h) Amendment to Definition of Qualified Employee Trust.--Section 
3(c)(2)(A)(ii) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632(c)(2)(A)(ii)) is 
amended to read as follows:
                    ``(ii) which provides that each participant is 
                entitled to direct the plan trustee as to the manner of 
                how to vote the qualified employer securities (as 
                defined in section 4975(e)(8) of the Internal Revenue 
                Code of 1986), which are allocated to the account of 
                such participant with respect to a corporate matter 
                which (by law or charter) must be decided by a vote 
                conducted in accordance with section 409(e) of the 
                Internal Revenue Code of 1986; and''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1901]]

  Subtitle G--Provisions Related to Software and Technical Data Matters

SEC. 865. VALIDATION OF PROPRIETARY AND TECHNICAL DATA.

    Section 2321(f) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        in'' and inserting ``In''; and
            (2) by striking paragraph (2).
SEC. 866. CONTINUATION OF TECHNICAL DATA RIGHTS DURING CHALLENGES.

    (a) Exercise of Rights in Technical Data Before Final Disposition of 
a Challenge.--Section 2321(i) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``Prior to and'' 
        after ``Rights and Liability'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (1) and (2) as paragraphs 
        (2) and (3), respectively; and
            (3) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so redesignated, 
        the following new paragraph:

    ``(1) Upon filing of a suit or appeal under the contract dispute 
statute by a contractor or subcontractor in an agency Board of Contract 
Appeals or United States Claims Court related to a decision made by a 
contracting officer under subsection (g), the Secretary of Defense, or a 
Secretary of a military department for programs for which milestone 
decision authority has been delegated, on a nondelegable basis, may, 
following notice to the contractor or subcontractor, authorize use of 
the technical data in dispute if the Secretary determines in writing 
that compelling mission readiness requirements will not permit awaiting 
the final decision by the agency Board of Contract Appeals or the United 
States Claims Court.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2321 note.>>  Revision of the Defense Federal 
Acquisition Regulation Supplement.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall revise 
the Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement, by interim or 
final rule, to implement the amendments made by subsection (a).

    (c) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2321 note.>>  Effective Date.--The amendments 
made by subsection (a) and the revision required by subsection (b) shall 
become effective on the date of publication of the interim or final rule 
(whichever is earlier) required by subsection (b) and shall apply to 
solicitations issued by Department of Defense contracting activities 
after that date unless the senior procurement executive of the agency 
concerned grants a waiver on a case-by-case basis.

    (d) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2321 note.>>  Guidance on Technical Data Right 
Negotiation.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop policies on the 
negotiation of technical data rights for noncommercial software that 
reflects the Department of Defense's needs for technical data rights in 
the event of a protest or replacement of incumbent contractor to meet 
defense requirements in the most cost effective manner.
SEC. 867. REQUIREMENT FOR NEGOTIATION OF TECHNICAL DATA PRICE 
                        BEFORE SUSTAINMENT OF MAJOR WEAPON 
                        SYSTEMS.

    Section 2439 of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1902]]

            (1) by inserting ``, to the maximum extent practicable,'' 
        after ``shall ensure'';
            (2) by striking ``or for the production of a major weapon 
        system'' and inserting ``production of a major weapon system, or 
        sustainment of a major weapon system'';
            (3) by striking ``or production'' and inserting ``, 
        production, or sustainment''; and
            (4) in the heading, by striking ``or production'' and 
        inserting ``, production, or sustainment''.
SEC. 868. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  IMPLEMENTATION OF 
                        RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE FINAL REPORT OF THE 
                        DEFENSE SCIENCE BOARD TASK FORCE ON THE 
                        DESIGN AND ACQUISITION OF SOFTWARE FOR 
                        DEFENSE SYSTEMS.

    (a) Implementation Required.--Not later than 18 months after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, 
except as provided under subsection (b), commence implementation of each 
recommendation submitted as part of the final report of the Defense 
Science Board Task Force on the Design and Acquisition of Software for 
Defense Systems.
    (b) Exceptions.--
            (1) Delayed implementation.--The Secretary of Defense may 
        commence implementation of a recommendation described under 
        subsection (a) later than the date required under such 
        subsection if the Secretary provides the congressional defense 
        committees with a specific justification for the delay in 
        implementation of such recommendation.
            (2) Nonimplementation.--The Secretary of Defense may opt not 
        to implement a recommendation described under subsection (a) if 
        the Secretary provides to the congressional defense committees--
                    (A) the reasons for the decision not to implement 
                the recommendation; and
                    (B) a summary of the alternative actions the 
                Secretary plans to take to address the purposes 
                underlying the recommendation.

    (c) Implementation Plans.--For each recommendation that the 
Secretary is implementing, or that the Secretary plans to implement, the 
Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense committees--
            (1) a summary of actions that have been taken to implement 
        the recommendation; and
            (2) a schedule, with specific milestones, for completing the 
        implementation of the recommendation.
SEC. 869. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2223a note.>>  IMPLEMENTATION OF PILOT 
                        PROGRAM TO USE AGILE OR ITERATIVE 
                        DEVELOPMENT METHODS REQUIRED UNDER SECTION 
                        873 OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION 
                        ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2018.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall include the 
following systems in the pilot program to use agile or iterative 
development methods pursuant to section 873 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 
2223a note):
            (1) Defense Retired and Annuitant Pay System 2 (DRAS2), 
        Defense Logistics Agency.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1903]]

            (2) Army Integrated Air and Missile Defense (AIAMD), Army.
            (3) Army Contract Writing System (ACWS), Army.
            (4) Defense Enterprise Accounting and Management System 
        (DEAMS) Inc2, Air Force.
            (5) Item Master, Air Force.

    (b) Additions to List.--Not later than 30 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall identify three 
additional systems for participation in the pilot program pursuant to 
section 873 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) and notify the 
congressional defense committees of the additions.
    (c) Community of Practice Advising on Agile or Iterative 
Development.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment shall establish a Community of Practice on agile or 
iterative methods so that programs that have been incorporating agile or 
iterative methods can share with programs participating in the pilot the 
lessons learned, best practices, and recommendations for improvements to 
acquisition and supporting processes. The Service Acquisition Executives 
of the military departments shall send representation from the following 
programs, which have reported using agile or iterative methods:
            (1) Air and Space Operations Center (AOC).
            (2) Command Control Battle Management and Communications 
        (C2BMC).
            (3) The family of Distributed Common Ground Systems.
            (4) The family of Global Command and Control Systems.
            (5) Navy Personnel and Pay (NP2).
            (6) Other programs and activities as appropriate.

    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall report to the congressional 
defense committees on the status of the pilot program and each system 
participating in the pilot. The report shall include the following 
elements:
            (1) A description of how cost and schedule estimates in 
        support of the program are being conducted and using what 
        methods.
            (2) The contracting strategy and types of contracts that 
        will be used in executing the program.
            (3) A description of how intellectual property ownership 
        issues associated with software applications developed with 
        agile or iterative methods will be addressed to ensure future 
        sustainment, maintenance, and upgrades to software applications 
        after the applications are fielded.
            (4) A description of the tools and software applications 
        that are expected to be developed for the program and the costs 
        and cost categories associated with each.
            (5) A description of challenges the program has faced in 
        realigning the program to use agile or iterative methods.

    (e) Modifications to Pilot Program Selection Criteria.--Section 
873(a)(3)(B) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2223a note) is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``or subsystems'' after ``In selecting 
        systems'';

[[Page 132 STAT. 1904]]

            (2) in clause (i)(II), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        ``; or''; and
            (3) in clause (ii)(II), by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
        ``; or''.
SEC. 870. REPORT ON REQUIRING ACCESS TO DIGITAL TECHNICAL DATA IN 
                        FUTURE ACQUISITIONS OF COMBAT, COMBAT 
                        SERVICE, AND COMBAT SUPPORT SYSTEMS.

    Not later than 120 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the feasibility and advisability of requiring 
access to digital technical data in all future acquisitions by the 
Department of Defense of combat, combat service, and combat support 
systems, including front-end negotiations for such access. Such report 
shall include a digital data standard for technical data for use by 
equipment manufacturers and the Department with regard to three-
dimensional printed parts.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

SEC. 871. PROHIBITION ON ACQUISITION OF SENSITIVE MATERIALS FROM 
                        NON-ALLIED FOREIGN NATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter V of chapter 148 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2533b the following 
new section:
``Sec. 2533c. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2533c.>> Prohibition on acquisition 
                    of sensitive materials from non-allied foreign 
                    nations

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), the 
Secretary of Defense may not--
            ``(1) procure any covered material melted or produced in any 
        covered nation, or any end item that contains a covered material 
        manufactured in any covered nation, except as provided by 
        subsection (c); or
            ``(2) sell any covered material from the National Defense 
        Stockpile, if the National Defense Stockpile Manager determines 
        that such a sale is not in the national interests of the United 
        States, to--
                    ``(A) any covered nation; or
                    ``(B) any third party that the Secretary reasonably 
                believes is acting as a broker or agent for a covered 
                nation or an entity in a covered nation.

    ``(b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall apply to prime contracts 
and subcontracts at any tier.
    ``(c) Exceptions.--Subsection (a) does not apply under the following 
circumstances:
            ``(1) If the Secretary of Defense determines that covered 
        materials of satisfactory quality and quantity, in the required 
        form, cannot be procured as and when needed at a reasonable 
        price.
            ``(2) To the procurement of an end item described in 
        subsection (a)(1) or the sale of any covered material described 
        under subsection (a)(1) by the Secretary outside of the United 
        States for use outside of the United States.
            ``(3) To the purchase by the Secretary of an end item 
        containing a covered material that is--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1905]]

                    ``(A) a commercially available off-the-shelf item 
                (as defined in section 104 of title 41), other than--
                          ``(i) a commercially available off-the-shelf 
                      item that is 50 percent or more tungsten by 
                      weight; or
                          ``(ii) a mill product, such as bar, billet, 
                      slab, wire, cube, sphere, block, blank, plate, or 
                      sheet, that has not been incorporated into an end 
                      item, subsystem, assembly, or component;
                    ``(B) an electronic device, unless the Secretary of 
                Defense, upon the recommendation of the Strategic 
                Materials Protection Board pursuant to section 187 of 
                this title, determines that the domestic availability of 
                a particular electronic device is critical to national 
                security; or
                    ``(C) a neodymium-iron-boron magnet manufactured 
                from recycled material if the milling of the recycled 
                material and sintering of the final magnet takes place 
                in the United States.

    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Covered material.--The term `covered material' means--
                    ``(A) samarium-cobalt magnets;
                    ``(B) neodymium-iron-boron magnets;
                    ``(C) tungsten metal powder; and
                    ``(D) tungsten heavy alloy or any finished or semi-
                finished component containing tungsten heavy alloy.
            ``(2) Covered nation.--The term `covered nation' means--
                    ``(A) the Democratic People's Republic of North 
                Korea;
                    ``(B) the People's Republic of China;
                    ``(C) the Russian Federation; and
                    ``(D) the Islamic Republic of Iran.
            ``(3) End item.--The term `end item' has the meaning given 
        in section 2533b(m) of this title.''.

    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of contents at the beginning of 
such subchapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2531 prec.>>  is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 2533b the following item:

``2533c. Prohibition on acquisition of sensitive materials from non-
           allied foreign nations.''.

SEC. 872. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON PROVIDING FUNDS TO THE 
                        ENEMY.

    Section 841(n) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. ``Buck'' McKeon 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 (Public Law 113-
291; 127 Stat. 3455; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is amended by striking 
``December 31, 2019'' and inserting ``December 31, 2021''.
SEC. 873. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2371 note.>>  DATA, POLICY, AND REPORTING 
                        ON THE USE OF OTHER TRANSACTIONS.

    (a) Collection and Storage.--The Service Acquisition Executives of 
the military departments shall collect data on the use of other 
transactions by their respective departments, and the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment shall collect data on all other use by 
the Department of Defense of other transactions, including use by the 
Defense Agencies. The data shall be stored in a manner that allows the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and other appropriate 
officials access at any time.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1906]]

    (b) Use of Data.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
shall analyze and leverage the data collected under subsection (a) to 
update policy and guidance related to the use of other transactions.
    (c) Report Required.--Not later than December 31, 2018, and each 
December 31 thereafter through December 31, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
covering the preceding fiscal year on the Department's use of other 
transaction authority. Each report shall summarize and display the data 
collected under subsection (a) on the nature and extent of the use of 
the authority, including a summary and detail showing--
            (1) organizations involved, quantities, amounts of payments, 
        and purpose, description, and status of projects; and
            (2) highlights of successes and challenges using the 
        authority, including case examples.
SEC. 874. STANDARDIZATION OF FORMATTING AND PUBLIC ACCESSIBILITY 
                        OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORTS TO 
                        CONGRESS.

    (a) Report Formatting Plan Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, 
the Secretary of Defense shall provide a plan to the congressional 
defense committees on activities to standardize the formatting of 
unclassified Department of Defense reports required by Congress. Such 
plan shall include--
            (1) a description of the method for ensuring that reports 
        are created in a platform-independent, machine-readable format 
        that can be retrieved, downloaded, indexed, and searched by 
        commonly used web search applications; and
            (2) a cost estimate and schedule for implementation of the 
        activities under paragraph (1), with a completion date of not 
        later than March 1, 2020.

    (b) Online Repository Plan Required.--Not later than March 1, 2019, 
the Secretary of Defense shall provide a briefing to the congressional 
defense committees on the feasibility of developing a publically 
accessible online repository of unclassified reports of the Department 
of Defense issued since January 1, 2010. Such briefing shall include--
            (1) protocols for inclusion of unclassified reports that, as 
        determined by the Secretary, may not be appropriate for public 
        release in their entirety; and
            (2) a cost estimate and schedule for implementation and 
        maintenance of the online repository.
SEC. 875. PROMOTION OF THE USE OF GOVERNMENT-WIDE AND OTHER 
                        INTERAGENCY CONTRACTS.

    Section 865(b)(1) of the Duncan Hunter National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2009 (Public Law 110-417; 31 U.S.C. 
1535 note) is amended--
            (1) by striking ``that all interagency acquisitions--'' and 
        inserting ``that--'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``all interagency assisted 
                acquisitions'' before ``include''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``and'' after the semicolon;
            (3) by striking subparagraph (B); and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1907]]

            (4) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph (B), 
        and in that subparagraph by inserting ``all interagency assisted 
        acquisitions'' before ``include''.
SEC. 876. INCREASING COMPETITION AT THE TASK ORDER LEVEL.

    Section 3306(c) of title 41, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``except as provided in 
        paragraph (3),'' in subparagraphs (B) and (C) after the 
        subparagraph designation; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(3) Exceptions for certain indefinite delivery, indefinite 
        quantity multiple-award contracts and certain federal supply 
        schedule contracts for services acquired on an hourly rate.--If 
        an executive agency issues a solicitation for one or more 
        contracts for services to be acquired on an hourly rate basis 
        under the authority of sections 4103 and 4106 of this title or 
        section 152(3) of this title and section 501(b) of title 40 and 
        the executive agency intends to make a contract award to each 
        qualifying offeror and the contract or contracts will feature 
        individually competed task or delivery orders based on hourly 
        rates--
                    ``(A) the contracting officer need not consider 
                price as an evaluation factor for contract award; and
                    ``(B) if, pursuant to subparagraph (A), price is not 
                considered as an evaluation factor for contract award, 
                cost or price to the Federal Government shall be 
                considered in conjunction with the issuance pursuant to 
                sections 4106(c) and 152(3) of this title of any task or 
                delivery order under any contract resulting from the 
                solicitation.
            ``(4) Definition.--In paragraph (3), the term `qualifying 
        offeror' means an offeror that--
                    ``(A) is determined to be a responsible source;
                    ``(B) submits a proposal that conforms to the 
                requirements of the solicitation;
                    ``(C) meets all technical requirements; and
                    ``(D) is otherwise eligible for award.''.
SEC. 877. <<NOTE: 41 USC 3302 note.>>  INDIVIDUAL ACQUISITION FOR 
                        COMMERCIAL LEASING SERVICES.

    (a) In General.--For the purpose of section 863 of Public Law 110-
417, an individual acquisition for commercial leasing services shall not 
be construed as a purchase of property or services if such individual 
acquisition is made on a no cost basis and pursuant to a multiple award 
contract awarded in accordance with requirements for full and open 
competition.
    (b) Audit.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall--
            (1) conduct biennial audits of the General Services 
        Administration National Broker Contract to determine--
                    (A) whether brokers selected under the program 
                provide lower lease rental rates than rates negotiated 
                by General Services Administration staff; and
                    (B) the impact of the program on the length of time 
                of lease procurements;
            (2) conduct a review of whether the application of section 
        863 of Public Law 110-417 to acquisitions for commercial

[[Page 132 STAT. 1908]]

        leasing services resulted in rental cost savings for the 
        Government during the years in which such section was applicable 
        prior to the date of enactment of this section; and
            (3) not later than September 30, 2019, and September 30, 
        2021, submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee 
        on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report that--
                    (A) summarizes the results of the audit and review 
                required by paragraphs (1) and (2);
                    (B) includes an assessment of whether the National 
                Broker Contract provides greater efficiencies and 
                savings than the use of General Services Administration 
                staff; and
                    (C) includes recommendations for improving General 
                Services Administration lease procurements.

    (c) Termination.--This section shall terminate on December 31, 2022.
SEC. 878. <<NOTE: 41 USC 1122 note.>>  PROCUREMENT ADMINISTRATIVE 
                        LEAD TIME DEFINITION AND PLAN.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Administrator for Federal Procurement Policy 
shall develop, make available for public comment, and finalize--
            (1) a definition of the term ``Procurement administrative 
        lead time'' or ``PALT'', to be applied Government-wide, that 
        describes the amount of time from the date on which a 
        solicitation for a contract or task order is issued to the date 
        of an initial award of the contract or task order; and
            (2) a plan for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT 
        for Federal Government contracts and task orders in amounts 
        greater than the simplified acquisition threshold.

    (b) Requirement for Definition.--Unless the Administrator determines 
otherwise, the amount of time in the definition of PALT developed under 
subsection (a) shall--
            (1) begin on the date on which an initial solicitation is 
        issued by a Federal department or agency for a contract or task 
        order; and
            (2) end on the date of the award of the contract or task 
        order.

    (c) Coordination.--In developing the definition of PALT, the 
Administrator shall coordinate with--
            (1) the senior procurement executives of Federal agencies;
            (2) the Secretary of Defense; and
            (3) the Administrator of the General Services Administration 
        on modifying the existing data system of the Federal Government 
        to determine the date on which the initial solicitation is 
        issued.

    (d) Use of Existing Procurement Data System.--In developing the plan 
for measuring and publicly reporting data on PALT required by subsection 
(a), the Administrator shall, to the maximum extent practicable, rely on 
the information contained in the Federal procurement data system 
established pursuant to section 1122(a)(4) of title 41, United States 
Code, including any modifications to that system.
SEC. 879. BRIEFING ON FUNDING OF PRODUCT SUPPORT STRATEGIES.

    (a) Briefing Required.--For each of the fiscal years 2020, 2021, and 
2022, the Secretary of Defense shall provide an annotated

[[Page 132 STAT. 1909]]

briefing to the congressional defense committees regarding the funding 
for product support strategies for major weapon systems.
    (b) Contents.--The briefing shall include for each major weapon 
system--
            (1) a current estimate of the total funding required for the 
        product support strategy for specific costs of the weapons 
        system over its expected lifecycle;
            (2) a current estimate of the funding required for the 
        product support strategy per year over the future years defense 
        program for the specific product support costs of the weapon 
        system;
            (3) a summary of the funding requested for the product 
        support strategy in the future years defense program per year 
        specifically for the weapon system;
            (4) a summary of the amounts expended to support costs 
        specific to the weapon system as described in the product 
        support strategy of the weapon system during the prior fiscal 
        year; and
            (5) a summary of improvements made to data collection and 
        analysis capabilities of the Department of Defense, including in 
        the military services, to improve the analysis and cost 
        estimation of lifecycle costs, improve the analysis and 
        identification of cost drivers, reduce lifecycle cost variance, 
        identify common and shared costs for multiple weapons systems, 
        and isolate the lifecycle costs attributable to specific 
        individual weapons systems.
SEC. 880 <<NOTE: 41 USC 3701 note.>> . USE OF LOWEST PRICE 
                        TECHNICALLY ACCEPTABLE SOURCE SELECTION 
                        PROCESS.

    (a) Statement of Policy.--It shall be the policy of the United 
States Government to avoid using lowest price technically acceptable 
source selection criteria in circumstances that would deny the 
Government the benefits of cost and technical tradeoffs in the source 
selection process.
    (b) Revision of Federal Acquisition Regulation.--Not later than 120 
days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation shall be revised to require that, for 
solicitations issued on or after the date that is 120 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, lowest price technically acceptable 
source selection criteria are used only in situations in which--
            (1) an executive agency is able to comprehensively and 
        clearly describe the minimum requirements expressed in terms of 
        performance objectives, measures, and standards that will be 
        used to determine acceptability of offers;
            (2) the executive agency would realize no, or minimal, value 
        from a contract proposal exceeding the minimum technical or 
        performance requirements set forth in the request for proposal;
            (3) the proposed technical approaches will require no, or 
        minimal, subjective judgment by the source selection authority 
        as to the desirability of one offeror's proposal versus a 
        competing proposal;
            (4) the executive agency has a high degree of confidence 
        that a review of technical proposals of offerors other than the 
        lowest bidder would not result in the identification of factors 
        that could provide value or benefit to the executive agency;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1910]]

            (5) the contracting officer has included a justification for 
        the use of a lowest price technically acceptable evaluation 
        methodology in the contract file; and
            (6) the executive agency has determined that the lowest 
        price reflects full life-cycle costs, including for operations 
        and support.

    (c) Avoidance of Use of Lowest Price Technically Acceptable Source 
Selection Criteria in Certain Procurements.--To the maximum extent 
practicable, the use of lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection criteria shall be avoided in the case of a procurement that is 
predominately for the acquisition of--
            (1) information technology services, cybersecurity services, 
        systems engineering and technical assistance services, advanced 
        electronic testing, audit or audit readiness services, health 
        care services and records, telecommunications devices and 
        services, or other knowledge-based professional services;
            (2) personal protective equipment; or
            (3) knowledge-based training or logistics services in 
        contingency operations or other operations outside the United 
        States, including in Afghanistan or Iraq.

    (d) Report Requirement.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter for two years, the 
Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to the appropriate 
congressional committees a report on the number of instances in which 
lowest price technically acceptable source selection criteria is used 
for a contract exceeding $5,000,000, including an explanation of how the 
situations listed in subsection (b) were considered in making a 
determination to use lowest price technically acceptable source 
selection criteria.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 102 of title 40, United 
        States Code, except that the term does not include the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Contingency operation.--The term ``contingency 
        operation'' has the meaning given that term in section 101 of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees'' means the Committee on 
        Oversight and Government Reform of the House of Representatives 
        and the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
        of the Senate.
SEC. 881. PERMANENT SUPPLY CHAIN RISK MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY.

    (a) Permanent Extension of Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 137 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new section:
``Sec. 2339a. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2339a.>>  Requirements for 
                    information relating to supply chain risk

    ``(a) Authority.--Subject to subsection (b), the head of a covered 
agency may--
            ``(1) carry out a covered procurement action; and

[[Page 132 STAT. 1911]]

            ``(2) limit, notwithstanding any other provision of law, in 
        whole or in part, the disclosure of information relating to the 
        basis for carrying out a covered procurement action.

    ``(b) Determination and Notification.--The head of a covered agency 
may exercise the authority provided in subsection (a) only after--
            ``(1) obtaining a joint recommendation by the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the 
        Chief Information Officer of the Department of Defense, on the 
        basis of a risk assessment by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Intelligence, that there is a significant supply chain risk to a 
        covered system;
            ``(2) making a determination in writing, in unclassified or 
        classified form, with the concurrence of the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, that--
                    ``(A) use of the authority in subsection (a)(1) is 
                necessary to protect national security by reducing 
                supply chain risk;
                    ``(B) less intrusive measures are not reasonably 
                available to reduce such supply chain risk; and
                    ``(C) in a case where the head of the covered agency 
                plans to limit disclosure of information under 
                subsection (a)(2), the risk to national security due to 
                the disclosure of such information outweighs the risk 
                due to not disclosing such information; and
            ``(3) providing a classified or unclassified notice of the 
        determination made under paragraph (2) to the appropriate 
        congressional committees, which notice shall include--
                    ``(A) the information required by section 2304(f)(3) 
                of this title;
                    ``(B) the joint recommendation by the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and 
                the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
                Defense as specified in paragraph (1);
                    ``(C) a summary of the risk assessment by the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Intelligence that serves as the 
                basis for the joint recommendation specified in 
                paragraph (1); and
                    ``(D) a summary of the basis for the determination, 
                including a discussion of less intrusive measures that 
                were considered and why they were not reasonably 
                available to reduce supply chain risk.

    ``(c) Delegation.--The head of a covered agency may not delegate the 
authority provided in subsection (a) or the responsibility to make a 
determination under subsection (b) to an official below the level of the 
service acquisition executive for the agency concerned.
    ``(d) Limitation on Disclosure.--If the head of a covered agency has 
exercised the authority provided in subsection (a)(2) to limit 
disclosure of information--
            ``(1) no action undertaken by the agency head under such 
        authority shall be subject to review in a bid protest before the 
        Government Accountability Office or in any Federal court; and
            ``(2) the agency head shall--
                    ``(A) notify appropriate parties of a covered 
                procurement action and the basis for such action only to 
                the

[[Page 132 STAT. 1912]]

                extent necessary to effectuate the covered procurement 
                action;
                    ``(B) notify other Department of Defense components 
                or other Federal agencies responsible for procurements 
                that may be subject to the same or similar supply chain 
                risk, in a manner and to the extent consistent with the 
                requirements of national security; and
                    ``(C) ensure the confidentiality of any such 
                notifications.

    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) Head of a covered agency.--The term `head of a covered 
        agency' means each of the following:
                    ``(A) The Secretary of Defense.
                    ``(B) The Secretary of the Army.
                    ``(C) The Secretary of the Navy.
                    ``(D) The Secretary of the Air Force.
            ``(2) Covered procurement action.--The term `covered 
        procurement action' means any of the following actions, if the 
        action takes place in the course of conducting a covered 
        procurement:
                    ``(A) The exclusion of a source that fails to meet 
                qualification standards established in accordance with 
                the requirements of section 2319 of this title for the 
                purpose of reducing supply chain risk in the acquisition 
                of covered systems.
                    ``(B) The exclusion of a source that fails to 
                achieve an acceptable rating with regard to an 
                evaluation factor providing for the consideration of 
                supply chain risk in the evaluation of proposals for the 
                award of a contract or the issuance of a task or 
                delivery order.
                    ``(C) The decision to withhold consent for a 
                contractor to subcontract with a particular source or to 
                direct a contractor for a covered system to exclude a 
                particular source from consideration for a subcontract 
                under the contract.
            ``(3) Covered procurement.--The term `covered procurement' 
        means--
                    ``(A) a source selection for a covered system or a 
                covered item of supply involving either a performance 
                specification, as provided in section 2305(a)(1)(C)(ii) 
                of this title, or an evaluation factor, as provided in 
                section 2305(a)(2)(A) of this title, relating to supply 
                chain risk;
                    ``(B) the consideration of proposals for and 
                issuance of a task or delivery order for a covered 
                system or a covered item of supply, as provided in 
                section 2304c(d)(3) of this title, where the task or 
                delivery order contract concerned includes a contract 
                clause establishing a requirement relating to supply 
                chain risk; or
                    ``(C) any contract action involving a contract for a 
                covered system or a covered item of supply where such 
                contract includes a clause establishing requirements 
                relating to supply chain risk.
            ``(4) Supply chain risk.--The term `supply chain risk' means 
        the risk that an adversary may sabotage, maliciously introduce 
        unwanted function, or otherwise subvert the design, integrity, 
        manufacturing, production, distribution, installation, 
        operation, or maintenance of a covered system so as to surveil, 
        deny, disrupt, or otherwise degrade the function, use, or 
        operation of such system.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1913]]

            ``(5) Covered system.--The term `covered system' means a 
        national security system, as that term is defined in section 
        3542(b) of title 44.
            ``(6) Covered item of supply.--The term `covered item of 
        supply' means an item of information technology (as that term is 
        defined in section 11101 of title 40) that is purchased for 
        inclusion in a covered system, and the loss of integrity of 
        which could result in a supply chain risk for a covered system.
            ``(7) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        `appropriate congressional committees' means--
                    ``(A) in the case of a covered system included in 
                the National Intelligence Program or the Military 
                Intelligence Program, the Select Committee on 
                Intelligence of the Senate, the Permanent Select 
                Committee on Intelligence of the House of 
                Representatives, and the congressional defense 
                committees; and
                    ``(B) in the case of a covered system not otherwise 
                included in subparagraph (A), the congressional defense 
                committees.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at the 
        beginning of such chapter <<NOTE: 10 USC 2301 prec.>>  is 
        amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2339 the 
        following new item:

``2339a. Requirements for information relating to supply chain risk.''.

    (b) Repeal of Obsolete Authority.--Section 806(g) of the Ike Skelton 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-
383; 10 U.S.C. 2304 note) is hereby repealed.
SEC. 882. REVIEW OF MARKET RESEARCH.

    Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment, in consultation with the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering, shall review the guidance of the 
Department of Defense with regard to those portions of the Federal 
Acquisition Regulation regarding commercially available market research, 
including sections 10.001(a)(2)(vi) and 10.002(b), and market research 
practices. The review shall, at a minimum--
            (1) assess the impact that conducting market research has on 
        the Department's resources;
            (2) ensure that commercially available market research is 
        considered among other sources of research, as appropriate, and 
        reviewed prior to developing new requirements documents for an 
        acquisition by the Department;
            (3) assess the extent to which the legal or regulatory 
        definitions of market research should be made consistent, 
        revised, or expanded;
            (4) assess the extent to which guidance pertaining to market 
        research should be revised or expanded; and
            (5) evaluate best practices in market research in public and 
        private organizations, including use of information technologies 
        to support such research.
SEC. 883. ESTABLISHMENT OF INTEGRATED REVIEW TEAM ON DEFENSE 
                        ACQUISITION INDUSTRY-GOVERNMENT EXCHANGE.

    (a) Study.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1914]]

            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall direct 
        the Defense Business Board to convene an integrated review team 
        (in this section referred to as the ``exchange team'') to 
        undertake a study on facilitating the exchange of defense 
        industry personnel on term assignments within the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) Member participation.--
                    (A) Defense business board.--The Chairman of the 
                Defense Business Board shall select six members from the 
                membership of the Board to participate on the exchange 
                team, including one member to lead the team.
                    (B) Defense innovation board.--The Chairman of the 
                Defense Innovation Board shall select five appropriate 
                members from the membership of their Board to 
                participate on the exchange team.
                    (C) Defense science board.--The Chairman of the 
                Defense Science Board shall select five appropriate 
                members from the membership of their Board to 
                participate on the exchange team.
                    (D) Required experience.--The Chairmen referred to 
                in subparagraphs (A) through (C) shall ensure that 
                members have significant legislative or regulatory 
                expertise and reflect diverse experiences in the public 
                and private sector.
            (3) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to paragraph (1) 
        shall--
                    (A) review legal, ethical, and financial disclosure 
                requirements for industry-government exchanges;
                    (B) review existing or previous industry-government 
                exchange programs such as the Department of State's 
                Franklin Fellows Program and the Information Technology 
                Exchange Program;
                    (C) review how the military departments address 
                legal, ethical, and financial requirements for members 
                of the reserve components who also maintain civilian 
                employment in the defense industry;
                    (D) produce specific and detailed recommendations 
                for any legislation, including the amendment or repeal 
                of regulations, as well as non-legislative approaches, 
                that the members of the exchange team conducting the 
                study determine necessary to--
                          (i) reduce barriers to industry-government 
                      exchange to encourage the flow of acquisition best 
                      practices;
                          (ii) ensure continuing financial and ethical 
                      integrity; and
                          (iii) protect the best interests of the 
                      Department of Defense; and
                    (E) produce such additional recommendations for 
                legislation as the members consider appropriate.
            (4) Access to information.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide the exchange team with timely access to appropriate 
        information, data, resources, and analysis so that the exchange 
        team may conduct a thorough and independent analysis as required 
        under this subsection.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1915]]

    (b) Briefing.--Not later than December 31, 2018, the exchange team 
shall provide an interim briefing to the congressional defense 
committees on the study conducted under subsection (a)
    (c) Final Report.--Not later than March 1, 2019, the exchange team 
shall submit a final report on the study to the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the congressional defense 
committees.
SEC. 884. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1701 note.>>  EXCHANGE PROGRAM FOR 
                        ACQUISITION WORKFORCE EMPLOYEES.

    (a) Program Authorized.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish an 
exchange program under which the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall arrange for the temporary assignment 
of civilian personnel in the Department of Defense acquisition 
workforce.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the exchange program established 
pursuant to subsection (a) are--
            (1) to familiarize personnel from the acquisition workforce 
        with the equities, priorities, processes, culture, and workforce 
        of the acquisition-related defense agencies;
            (2) to enable participants in the exchange program to return 
        the expertise gained through their exchanges to their original 
        organizations; and
            (3) to improve communication between and integration of the 
        organizations that support the policy, implementation, and 
        oversight of defense acquisition through lasting relationships.

    (c) Participants.--
            (1) Number of participants.--The Under Secretary shall 
        select not less than 10 and no more than 20 participants per 
        year for participation in the exchange program established under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Criteria for selection.--The Under Secretary shall 
        select participants for the exchange program established under 
        subsection (a) from among mid-career employees and based on--
                    (A) the qualifications and desire to participate in 
                the program of the employee; and
                    (B) the technical needs and capacities of the 
                acquisition workforce, as applicable.

    (d) Terms.--Exchanges pursuant to the exchange program established 
under subsection (a) shall be for terms of one to two years, as 
determined and negotiated by the Under Secretary. The terms may begin 
and end on a rolling basis.
    (e) Guidance and Implementation.--
            (1) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall develop and 
        submit to the congressional defense committees interim guidance 
        on the form and contours of the exchange program established 
        under subsection (a).
            (2) Implementation.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary shall 
        implement the guidance developed under paragraph (1).
SEC. 885. PROCESS TO LIMIT FOREIGN ACCESS TO TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Process and Procedures.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
a process and procedures for limiting foreign access to technology 
through contracts, grants, cooperative agreements, or

[[Page 132 STAT. 1916]]

other transactions, when such limitation is in the interest of national 
security.
    (b) Report.--Not later than September 1, 2019, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report on the process 
and procedures developed pursuant to subsection (a). The report shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) An assessment of the Department of Defense's ability 
        through existing authorities to limit foreign access to 
        technology through contracts, grants, cooperative agreements, or 
        other transactions.
            (2) An assessment of the Department's need to implement a 
        process to limit foreign access to technology.
            (3) Recommendations for penalties for violations of access, 
        including intellectual property forfeiture.

    (c) Considerations.--The process and procedures developed under 
subsection (a) shall be consistent with all existing law, including laws 
relating to trade agreements, individual protections, export controls, 
and the National Technology and Industrial Base (NTIB).
SEC. 886. PROCUREMENT OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS SUPPLIES FOR 
                        EXPERIMENTAL PURPOSES.

    Section 2373(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``telecommunications,'' after ``space-flight,''.
SEC. 887. ACCESS BY DEVELOPMENTAL AND OPERATIONAL TESTING 
                        ACTIVITIES TO DATA REGARDING MODELING AND 
                        SIMULATION ACTIVITY.

    (a) In General.--Section 139(e) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(4) The Director shall have prompt access to all data regarding 
modeling and simulation activity proposed to be used by military 
departments and defense agencies in support of operational or live fire 
test and evaluation of military capabilities. This access shall include 
data associated with verification, validation, and accreditation 
activities.''.
    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 139 note.>>  Additional Testing Data.--
Developmental Test and Evaluation activities under the leadership of the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall have prompt 
access to all data regarding modeling and simulation activity proposed 
to be used by military departments and defense agencies in support of 
developmental test and evaluation of military capabilities. This access 
shall include data associated with verification, validation, and 
accreditation activities.
SEC. 888. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2302 note.>>  INSTRUCTION ON PILOT 
                        PROGRAM REGARDING EMPLOYMENT OF PERSONS 
                        WITH DISABILITIES.

    Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
the Secretary of Defense shall update the Defense Federal Acquisition 
Regulatory Supplement to include an instruction on the pilot program 
regarding employment of persons with disabilities authorized under 
section 853 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2004 (Public Law 108-136; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note).

[[Page 132 STAT. 1917]]

SEC. 889. <<NOTE: 41 USC 3901 note prec.>>  PROHIBITION ON CERTAIN 
                        TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND VIDEO SURVEILLANCE 
                        SERVICES OR EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Prohibition on Use or Procurement.--(1) The head of an executive 
agency may not--
            (A) procure or obtain or extend or renew a contract to 
        procure or obtain any equipment, system, or service that uses 
        covered telecommunications equipment or services as a 
        substantial or essential component of any system, or as critical 
        technology as part of any system; or
            (B) enter into a contract (or extend or renew a contract) 
        with an entity that uses any equipment, system, or service that 
        uses covered telecommunications equipment or services as a 
        substantial or essential component of any system, or as critical 
        technology as part of any system.

    (2) Nothing in paragraph (1) shall be construed to--
            (A) prohibit the head of an executive agency from procuring 
        with an entity to provide a service that connects to the 
        facilities of a third-party, such as backhaul, roaming, or 
        interconnection arrangements; or
            (B) cover telecommunications equipment that cannot route or 
        redirect user data traffic or permit visibility into any user 
        data or packets that such equipment transmits or otherwise 
        handles.

    (b) Prohibition on Loan and Grant Funds.--(1) The head of an 
executive agency may not obligate or expend loan or grant funds to 
procure or obtain, extend or renew a contract to procure or obtain, or 
enter into a contract (or extend or renew a contract) to procure or 
obtain the equipment, services, or systems described in subsection (a).
    (2) In implementing the prohibition in paragraph (1), heads of 
executive agencies administering loan, grant, or subsidy programs, 
including the heads of the Federal Communications Commission, the 
Department of Agriculture, the Department of Homeland Security, the 
Small Business Administration, and the Department of Commerce, shall 
prioritize available funding and technical support to assist affected 
businesses, institutions and organizations as is reasonably necessary 
for those affected entities to transition from covered communications 
equipment and services, to procure replacement equipment and services, 
and to ensure that communications service to users and customers is 
sustained.
    (3) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to--
            (A) prohibit the head of an executive agency from procuring 
        with an entity to provide a service that connects to the 
        facilities of a third-party, such as backhaul, roaming, or 
        interconnection arrangements; or
            (B) cover telecommunications equipment that cannot route or 
        redirect user data traffic or permit visibility into any user 
        data or packets that such equipment transmits or otherwise 
        handles.

    (c) Effective Dates.--The prohibition under subsection (a)(1)(A) 
shall take effect one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
and the prohibitions under subsections (a)(1)(B) and (b)(1) shall take 
effect two years after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (d) Waiver Authority.--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1918]]

            (1) Executive agencies.--The head of an executive agency 
        may, on a one-time basis, waive the requirements under 
        subsection (a) with respect to an entity that requests such a 
        waiver. The waiver may be provided, for a period of not more 
        than two years after the effective dates described in subsection 
        (c), if the entity seeking the waiver--
                    (A) provides a compelling justification for the 
                additional time to implement the requirements under such 
                subsection, as determined by the head of the executive 
                agency; and
                    (B) submits to the head of the executive agency, who 
                shall not later than 30 days thereafter submit to the 
                appropriate congressional committees, a full and 
                complete laydown of the presences of covered 
                telecommunications or video surveillance equipment or 
                services in the entity's supply chain and a phase-out 
                plan to eliminate such covered telecommunications or 
                video surveillance equipment or services from the 
                entity's systems.
            (2) Director of national intelligence.--The Director of 
        National Intelligence may provide a waiver on a date later than 
        the effective dates described in subsection (c) if the Director 
        determines the waiver is in the national security interests of 
        the United States.

    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate congressional committees.--The term 
        ``appropriate congressional committees' '' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
                Affairs, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the 
                Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs 
                of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Financial Services, the 
                Committee on Foreign Affairs, and the Committee on 
                Oversight and Government Reform of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Covered foreign country.--The term ``covered foreign 
        country'' means the People's Republic of China.
            (3) Covered telecommunications equipment or services.--The 
        term ``covered telecommunications equipment or services'' means 
        any of the following:
                    (A) Telecommunications equipment produced by Huawei 
                Technologies Company or ZTE Corporation (or any 
                subsidiary or affiliate of such entities).
                    (B) For the purpose of public safety, security of 
                government facilities, physical security surveillance of 
                critical infrastructure, and other national security 
                purposes, video surveillance and telecommunications 
                equipment produced by Hytera Communications Corporation, 
                Hangzhou Hikvision Digital Technology Company, or Dahua 
                Technology Company (or any subsidiary or affiliate of 
                such entities).
                    (C) Telecommunications or video surveillance 
                services provided by such entities or using such 
                equipment.
                    (D) Telecommunications or video surveillance 
                equipment or services produced or provided by an entity 
                that the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with the 
                Director of the National Intelligence or the Director of 
                the Federal Bureau of Investigation, reasonably believes 
                to be an entity owned or controlled by, or otherwise 
                connected to, the government of a covered foreign 
                country.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1919]]

            (4) Executive agency.--The term ``executive agency'' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 133 of title 41, United States 
        Code.
SEC. 890. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2306a note.>>  PILOT PROGRAM TO 
                        ACCELERATE CONTRACTING AND PRICING 
                        PROCESSES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a pilot 
program to reform and accelerate the contracting and pricing processes 
associated with contracts in excess of $50,000,000 by--
            (1) basing price reasonableness determinations on actual 
        cost and pricing data for purchases of the same or similar 
        products for the Department of Defense; and
            (2) reducing the cost and pricing data to be submitted in 
        accordance with section 2306a of title 10, United States Code.

    (b) Limitation.--The pilot program authorized under subsection (a) 
may include no more than ten contracts, and none of the selected 
contracts may be part of a major defense acquisition program (as that 
term is defined under section 2430 of title 10, United States Code).
    (c) Report.--Not later than January 30, 2021, the Secretary of 
Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report on 
the results of the pilot program authorized under subsection (a) and an 
assessment of whether the program should be continued or expanded.
    (d) Sunset.--The authority to carry out the pilot program under this 
section shall expire on January 2, 2021.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Report on allocation of former responsibilities of the Under 
           Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and 
           Logistics.
Sec. 902. Modification of responsibilities of the Under Secretary of 
           Defense for Policy.
Sec. 903. Clarification of responsibilities and duties of the Chief 
           Information Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 904. Technical corrections to Department of Defense Test Resource 
           Management Center authority.
Sec. 905.  <<NOTE: 10 USC 2364 note.>> Specification of certain duties 
           of the Defense Technical Information Center.

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

Sec. 911. Comprehensive review of operational and administrative chains-
           of-command and functions of the Department of the Navy.
Sec. 912. Modification of certain responsibilities of the Chairman of 
           the Joint Chiefs of Staff relating to joint force concept 
           development.
Sec. 913. Clarification of certain risk assessment requirements of the 
           Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in connection with the 
           National Military Strategy.
Sec. 914.  Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
           Intensity Conflict review of United States Special Operations 
           Command.
Sec. 915. Expansion of principal duties of Assistant Secretary of the 
           Navy for Research, Development, and Acquisition.
Sec. 916. Qualifications for appointment as Deputy Chief Management 
           Officer of a military department.
Sec. 917. Deadline for completion of full implementation of requirements 
           in connection with organization of the Department of Defense 
           for management of special operations forces and special 
           operations.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1920]]

Sec. 918. Cross-functional teams in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 919. Limitation on transfer of the Chemical, Biological, and 
           Radiological Defense Division of the Navy.

   Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

Sec. 921. Authorities and responsibilities of the Chief Management 
           Officer of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 922. Analysis of Department of Defense business management and 
           operations datasets to promote savings and efficiencies.
Sec. 923. Periodic review of the Defense Agencies and Department of 
           Defense Field Activities by the Chief Management Officer of 
           the Department of Defense.
Sec. 924. Actions to increase the efficiency and transparency of the 
           Defense Logistics Agency.
Sec. 925. Review of functions of Defense Contract Audit Agency and 
           Defense Contract Management Agency.
Sec. 926. Review and improvement of the operations of the Defense 
           Finance and Accounting Service.
Sec. 927. Assessment of chief information officer functions in 
           connection with transition to enterprise-wide management of 
           information technology and computing.
Sec. 928. Comptroller General of the United States report on cross-
           enterprise activities of the Inspectors General of the 
           Department of Defense.
Sec. 929. General provisions.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 931. Limitation on availability of funds for major headquarters 
           activities of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 932. John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program.
Sec. 933. Performance of civilian functions by military personnel.
Sec. 934. Report on implementation of requirements on estimation and 
           comparison of costs of civilian and military manpower and 
           contract support for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 935. Review of foreign currency exchange rates and analysis of 
           Foreign Currency Fluctuations, Defense appropriation.
Sec. 936. Responsibility for policy on civilian casualty matters.
Sec. 937. Additional matters in connection with background and security 
           investigations for Department of Defense personnel.
Sec. 938. Research and development to advance capabilities of the 
           Department of Defense in data integration and advanced 
           analytics in connection with personnel security.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 941. Trusted information provider program for national security 
           positions and positions of trust.
Sec. 942. Report on expedited processing of security clearances for 
           mission-critical positions.
Sec. 943. Report on clearance in person concept.

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

SEC. 901. REPORT ON ALLOCATION OF FORMER RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE 
                        UNDER SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR 
                        ACQUISITION, TECHNOLOGY, AND LOGISTICS.

    Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) A list of each provision of law, whether within or 
        outside title 10, United States Code, in force as of the date of 
        the report that, as of that date, assigns a duty, 
        responsibility, or other requirement to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics.
            (2) For each duty, responsibility, or other requirement 
        specified in a provision of law listed pursuant to paragraph

[[Page 132 STAT. 1921]]

        (1), the allocation of such duty, responsibility, or requirement 
        within the Department of Defense, including--
                    (A) solely to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering;
                    (B) solely to the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment;
                    (C) on a shared basis between the Under Secretary of 
                Defense for Research and Engineering and the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment;
                    (D) solely to another official or organization of 
                the Department;
                    (E) on a shared basis between other officials and 
                organizations of the Department; or
                    (F) not allocated.
SEC. 902. MODIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE UNDER SECRETARY 
                        OF DEFENSE FOR POLICY.

    (a) General Responsibilities.--Paragraph (2) of section 134(b) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended to read as follows:
    ``(2) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary shall be responsible and have 
overall direction and supervision for--
            ``(A) the development, implementation, and integration 
        across the Department of Defense of the National Defense 
        Strategy (as described by section 113 of this title) and 
        strategic policy guidance for the activities of the Department 
        of Defense across all geographic regions and military functions 
        and domains;
            ``(B) the integration of the activities of the Department 
        into the National Security Strategy of the United States;
            ``(C) the development of policy guidance for the preparation 
        of campaign and contingency plans by the combatant commands, and 
        for the review of such plans;
            ``(D) the preparation of policy guidance for the development 
        of the global force posture; and
            ``(E) the development of the Defense Planning Guidance that 
        guides the formulation of program and budget requests by the 
        military departments and other elements of the Department.''.

    (b) Responsibilities in Connection With Joint Force Capabilities and 
Readiness.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new paragraph:
    ``(5) Subject to the authority, direction, and control of the 
Secretary of Defense, the Under Secretary shall coordinate with the 
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the Director of Cost 
Assessment and Program Evaluation to--
            ``(A) develop planning scenarios that describe the present 
        and future strategic and operational environments by which to 
        assess joint force capabilities and readiness; and
            ``(B) develop specific objectives that the joint force 
        should be ready to achieve, and conduct assessments of the 
        capability (in terms of both capacity and readiness) of the 
        joint force to achieve such objectives.''.
SEC. 903. CLARIFICATION OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND DUTIES OF THE 
                        CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 142(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1922]]

            (1) in subparagraph (A), by inserting ``(other than with 
        respect to business systems and management)'' after ``sections 
        3506(a)(2)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``section 11315 of 
        title 40'' and inserting ``sections 11315 and 11319 of title 40 
        (other than with respect to business systems and management)''; 
        and
            (3) in subparagraph (C), by striking ``sections 2222, 
        2223(a), and 2224 of this title'' and inserting ``sections 
        2223(a) (other than with respect to business systems and 
        management) and 2224 of this title''.
SEC. 904. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST 
                        RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER AUTHORITY.

    Section 196 of title 10, United States Code, is amended in 
subsections (c)(1)(B) and (g) by striking ``Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting ``Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering''.
SEC. 905. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2364 note.>>  SPECIFICATION OF CERTAIN 
                        DUTIES OF THE DEFENSE TECHNICAL 
                        INFORMATION CENTER.

    (a) In General.--In addition to any other duties specified for the 
Defense Technical Information Center by law, regulation, or Department 
of Defense directive or instruction, the duties of the Center shall 
include the following:
            (1) To execute the Global Research Watch Program under 
        section 2365 of title 10, United States Code.
            (2) To develop and maintain datasets and other data 
        repositories on research and engineering activities being 
        conducted within the Department.

    (b) Action Plan.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a plan of action for the commencement by the Defense 
Technical Information Center of the duties specified in subsection (a).

 Subtitle B--Organization and Management of Other Department of Defense 
                          Offices and Elements

SEC. 911. COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF OPERATIONAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE 
                        CHAINS-OF-COMMAND AND FUNCTIONS OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a 
comprehensive review of the operational and administrative chains-of-
command and functions of the Department of the Navy.
    (b) Elements.--In conducting the review required by subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall consider options to do each of the following:
            (1) Increase visibility of unit-level readiness at senior 
        levels.
            (2) Reduce so-called ``double-hatting'' and ``triple-
        hatting'' commanders.
            (3) Clarify organizations responsible and accountable for 
        training and certification at the unit, group, and fleet level.
            (4) Simplify reporting requirements applicable to commanding 
        officers.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1923]]

    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
        review required by subsection (a). The report shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) The results of the review, including any 
                findings of the Secretary as a result of the review.
                    (B) Any organizational changes in operational or 
                administrative chains-of-command or functions of the 
                Department undertaken or to be undertaken by the 
                Secretary in light of the review.
                    (C) Any recommendations for legislative or 
                administration action with respect to the operational or 
                administrative chains-of-command or functions of the 
                Department the Secretary considers appropriate in light 
                of the review.
            (2) Form.--The report under this subsection shall be 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
        annex.
SEC. 912. MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHAIRMAN 
                        OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF RELATING TO 
                        JOINT FORCE CONCEPT DEVELOPMENT.

    Subparagraph (D) of section 153(a)(6) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(D) formulating policies for development and 
                experimentation on both urgent and long-term concepts 
                for joint force employment, including establishment of a 
                process within the Joint Staff for analyzing and 
                prioritizing gaps in capabilities that could potentially 
                be addressed by joint concept development using existing 
                or modified joint force capabilities;''.
SEC. 913. CLARIFICATION OF CERTAIN RISK ASSESSMENT REQUIREMENTS OF 
                        THE CHAIRMAN OF THE JOINT CHIEFS OF STAFF 
                        IN CONNECTION WITH THE NATIONAL MILITARY 
                        STRATEGY.

    Section 153(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(D)(iii), by striking ``military 
        strategic and operational risks'' and inserting ``military 
        risk''; and
            (2) in paragraph (2)(B)(ii), by striking ``military 
        strategic and operational risks to United States interests and 
        the military strategic and operational risks in executing the 
        National Military Strategy (or update)'' and inserting 
        ``military strategic risks to United States interests and 
        military risks in executing the National Military Strategy (or 
        update)''.
SEC. 914. ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS 
                        AND LOW INTENSITY CONFLICT REVIEW OF 
                        UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Review Required.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special 
Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall, in coordination with the 
Commander of the United States Special Operations Command, conduct a 
comprehensive review of the United States Special Operations Command for 
purposes of ensuring that the institutional and operational capabilities 
of special operations forces are appropriate to counter anticipated 
future threats across the spectrum of conflict.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1924]]

    (b) Scope of Review.--The review required by subsection (a) shall 
include, at a minimum, the following:
            (1) An assessment of the adequacy of special operations 
        forces doctrine, organization, training, materiel, education, 
        personnel, and facilities to implement the 2018 National Defense 
        Strategy, and recommendations, if any, for modifications for 
        that purpose.
            (2) An assessment of the roles and responsibilities of 
        special operations forces as assigned by law, Department of 
        Defense guidance, or other formal designation, and 
        recommendations, if any, for additions to or divestitures of 
        such roles or responsibilities.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the processes through 
        which the United States Special Operations Command evaluates and 
        prioritizes the requirements at the geographic combatant 
        commands for special operations forces and special operations-
        unique capabilities and makes recommendations on the allocation 
        of special operations forces and special operations-unique 
        capabilities to meet such requirements, and recommendations, if 
        any, for modifications of such processes.
            (4) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary considers 
        appropriate.

    (c) Deadlines.--
            (1) Completion of review.--The review required by subsection 
        (a) shall be completed by not later than 270 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Report.--Not later than 30 days after completion of the 
        review, the Assistant Secretary shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the review, 
        including the findings and any recommendations of the Assistant 
        Secretary as a result of the review.
SEC. 915. EXPANSION OF PRINCIPAL DUTIES OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF 
                        THE NAVY FOR RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND 
                        ACQUISITION.

    Section 5016(b)(4)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``and acquisition matters'' and inserting ``acquisition, and 
sustainment (including maintenance) matters''.
SEC. 916. <<NOTE: 10 USC 132a note.>>  QUALIFICATIONS FOR 
                        APPOINTMENT AS DEPUTY CHIEF MANAGEMENT 
                        OFFICER OF A MILITARY DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Department of the Army.--An individual may not be appointed as 
Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of the Army unless the 
individual--
            (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
        management in the public sector; or
            (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in the 
        private sector.

    (b) Department of the Navy.--An individual may not be appointed as 
Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of the Navy unless the 
individual--
            (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
        management in the public sector; or
            (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in the 
        private sector.

    (c) Department of the Air Force.--An individual may not be appointed 
as Deputy Chief Management Officer of the Department of the Air Force 
unless the individual--

[[Page 132 STAT. 1925]]

            (1) has significant experience in business operations or 
        management in the public sector; or
            (2) has significant experience managing an enterprise in the 
        private sector.
SEC. 917. <<NOTE: 10 USC 138 note.>>  DEADLINE FOR COMPLETION OF 
                        FULL IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIREMENTS IN 
                        CONNECTION WITH ORGANIZATION OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FOR MANAGEMENT OF 
                        SPECIAL OPERATIONS FORCES AND SPECIAL 
                        OPERATIONS.

    The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the implementation of 
section 922 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2354) and the amendments made by 
that section is fully complete by not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act.
SEC. 918. <<NOTE: 10 USC 111 note.>>  CROSS-FUNCTIONAL TEAMS IN 
                        THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Cross-functional Team on Electronic Warfare.--
            (1) In general.--Among the cross-functional teams 
        established by the Secretary of Defense pursuant to subsection 
        (c) of section 911 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2345; 10 U.S.C. 
        111 note) in support of the organizational strategy for the 
        Department of Defense required by subsection (a) of that 
        section, the Secretary shall establish a cross-functional team 
        on electronic warfare.
            (2) Establishment and activities.--The cross-functional team 
        established pursuant to paragraph (1) shall be established in 
        accordance with subsection (c) of section 911 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, and shall be 
        governed in its activities in accordance with the provisions of 
        such subsection (c).
            (3) Deadline for establishment.--The cross-functional team 
        required by paragraph (1) shall be established by not later than 
        90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.

    (b) Additional Cross-functional Teams Matters.--
            (1) Criteria for distinguishing among cross-functional 
        teams.--Not later than 60 days after the date of the enactment 
        of this Act, the Secretary shall issue criteria that distinguish 
        cross-functional teams under section 911 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 from other types of 
        cross-functional working groups, committees, integrated product 
        teams, and task forces of the Department.
            (2) Primary responsibility for implementation of teams.--The 
        Deputy Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate an 
        office within the Department that shall have primary 
        responsibility for implementing section 911 of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017.
SEC. 919. LIMITATION ON TRANSFER OF THE CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL, AND 
                        RADIOLOGICAL DEFENSE DIVISION OF THE NAVY.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that includes the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1926]]

            (1) A detailed timeline for the proposed transfer of the 
        Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Defense Division of the 
        Navy from Virginia to another location.
            (2) A full accounting of the costs associated with the 
        proposed transfer, including--
                    (A) all personnel costs;
                    (B) all equipment costs; and
                    (C) all facility renovation costs for the existing 
                facilities of the Division and the facilities to which 
                the Division is proposed to be transferred.
            (3) A risk assessment of the operational impact of the 
        transfer during the transition period.
            (4) An explanation of the operational benefit expected to be 
        achieved by collocating all Chemical, Biological, and 
        Radiological elements of the Department of the Navy.

    (b) Limitation.--The Secretary may not transfer, or prepare to 
transfer, the Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Defense Division of 
the Navy from Dahlgren, Virginia, to another location until a period of 
45 days has elapsed following the date on which the report is submitted 
to the congressional defense committees under subsection (a).

   Subtitle C--Comprehensive Pentagon Bureaucracy Reform and Reduction

SEC. 921. AUTHORITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHIEF MANAGEMENT 
                        OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Authorities and Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--Subsection (b) of section 132a of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraph:
            ``(7) Serving as the official with principal responsibility 
        in the Department for minimizing the duplication of efforts, 
        maximizing efficiency and effectiveness, and establishing 
        metrics for performance among and for all organizations and 
        elements of the Department.''.
            (2) Budget authority.--
                    (A) In general.--Such section is further amended--
                          (i) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) 
                      as subsections (d) and (e), respectively; and
                          (ii) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
                      following new subsection (c):

    ``(c) Budget Authority.--(1)(A) Beginning in fiscal year 2020, the 
Secretary of Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller), shall require the head of each Defense Agency and 
Department of Defense Field Activity specified by the Secretary for 
purposes of this subsection to transmit the proposed budget of such 
Agency or Activity for enterprise business operations for a fiscal year, 
and for the period covered by the future-years defense program submitted 
to Congress under section 221 of this title for that fiscal year, to the 
Chief Management Officer for review under subparagraph (B) at the same 
time the proposed budget is submitted to the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller). 

[[Page 132 STAT. 1927]]

    ``(B) The Chief Management Officer shall review each proposed budget 
transmitted under subparagraph (A) and, not later than January 31 of the 
year preceding the fiscal year for which the budget is proposed, shall 
submit to the Secretary a report containing the comments of the Chief 
Management Officer with respect to all such proposed budgets, together 
with the certification of the Chief Management Officer regarding whether 
each such proposed budget achieves the required level of efficiency and 
effectiveness for enterprise business operations, consistent with 
guidance for budget review established by the Chief Management Officer.
    ``(C) Not later than March 31 each year, the Secretary shall submit 
to Congress a report that includes the following:
            ``(i) Each proposed budget for the enterprise business 
        operations of a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field 
        Activity that was transmitted to the Chief Management Officer 
        under subparagraph (A).
            ``(ii) Identification of each proposed budget contained in 
        the most recent report submitted under subparagraph (B) that the 
        Chief Management Officer did not certify as achieving the 
        required level of efficiency and effectiveness for enterprise 
        business operations.
            ``(iii) A discussion of the actions that the Secretary 
        proposes to take, together with any recommended legislation that 
        the Secretary considers appropriate, to address inadequate 
        levels of efficiency and effectiveness for enterprise business 
        operations achieved by the proposed budgets identified in the 
        report.
            ``(iv) Any additional comments that the Secretary considers 
        appropriate regarding inadequate levels of efficiency and 
        effectiveness for enterprise business operations achieved by the 
        proposed budgets.

    ``(2) Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to modify or 
interfere with the budget-related responsibilities of the Director of 
National Intelligence.''.
                    (B) <<NOTE: 10 USC 132a note.>>  Execution of 
                authority.--In order to execute the authority in 
                subsection (c) of section 132a of title 10, United 
                States Code (as amended by subparagraph (A)), the Chief 
                Management Officer of the Department of Defense shall do 
                the following:
                          (i) By April 1, 2019, develop an assessment of 
                      cost and expertise requirements to execute such 
                      authority.
                          (ii) By September 1, 2019, develop guidance 
                      for Defense Agencies and Department of Defense 
                      Field Activities to delineate spending on 
                      enterprise business operations and develop a 
                      process to determine the adequacy of their budgets 
                      for such operations.

    (b) <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>>  Reform of Business Enterprise 
Operations in Support of Certain Activities Across Department of 
Defense.--
            (1) Periodic reform.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than January 1, 2020, and 
                not less frequently than once every five years 
                thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall, acting 
                through the Chief Management Officer of the Department 
                of Defense, reform enterprise business operations of the 
                Department of

[[Page 132 STAT. 1928]]

                Defense, through reductions, eliminations, or 
                improvements, across all organizations and elements of 
                the Department with respect to covered activities in 
                order to increase effectiveness and efficiency of 
                mission execution.
                    (B) CMO reports.--Not later than January 1 of every 
                fifth calendar year beginning with January 1, 2025, the 
                Chief Management Officer shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a report that describes 
                the activities carried out by the Chief Management 
                Officer under this subsection during the preceding five 
                years, including an estimate of any cost savings 
                achieved as a result of such activities.
            (2) Covered activities defined.--In this subsection, the 
        term ``covered activities'' means any activity relating to 
        civilian resources management, logistics management, services 
        contracting, or real estate management.
            (3) Reporting framework.--Not later than January 1, 2020, 
        the Chief Management Officer shall establish a consistent 
        reporting framework to establish a baseline for the costs to 
        perform all covered activities, and shall submit to Congress a 
        report that, for each individual covered activity performed in 
        fiscal year 2019, identifies the following:
                    (A) The component or components of the Department 
                responsible for performing such activity, and a business 
                process map of such activity, in fiscal year 2019.
                    (B) The number of the military, civilian, and 
                contractor personnel of the component or components of 
                the Department who performed such activity in that 
                fiscal year.
                    (C) The manpower requirements for such activity as 
                of that fiscal year.
                    (D) The systems and other resources associated with 
                such activity as of that fiscal year.
                    (E) The cost in dollars of performing such activity 
                in fiscal year 2019.
            (4) Initial plan.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the 
        Chief Management Officer shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a plan, schedule, and cost estimate for 
        conducting the reforms required under paragraph (1)(A).
            (5) Certification of cost savings.--Not later than January 
        1, 2020, the Chief Management Officer shall certify to the 
        congressional defense committees that the savings and costs 
        incurred as a result of activities carried out under paragraph 
        (1) will achieve savings in fiscal year 2020 against the total 
        amount obligated and expended for covered activities in fiscal 
        year 2019 of--
                    (A) not less than 25 percent of the cost in dollars 
                of performing covered activities in fiscal year 2019 as 
                specified pursuant to paragraph (3)(E); or
                    (B) if the Chief Management Officer determines that 
                achievement of savings of 25 percent or more will create 
                overall inefficiencies for the Department, notice and 
                justification will be submitted to the congressional 
                defense committees specifying a lesser percentage of 
                savings that the Chief Management Officer determines to 
                be necessary to achieve efficiencies in the delivery of 
                covered activities, which notice and justification shall 
                be submitted by not

[[Page 132 STAT. 1929]]

                later than October 1, 2019, together with a description 
                of the efficiencies to be achieved.
            (6) Comptroller general reports.--The Comptroller General of 
        the United States shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees the following:
                    (A) Not later than 90 days after the submittal of 
                the plan under paragraph (4), a report that verifies 
                whether the plan is feasible.
                    (B) Not later than 270 days after the date of 
                enactment of this Act, a report setting forth an 
                assessment of the actions taken under paragraph (1)(A) 
                since the date of the enactment of this Act.
                    (C) Not later than 270 days after the submittal of 
                the reporting framework under paragraph (3), a report 
                that verifies whether the baseline established in the 
                framework is accurate.
                    (D) Not later than 270 days after the submittal of 
                the report under paragraph (5), a report that verifies--
                          (i) whether the activities described in the 
                      report were carried out; and
                          (ii) whether any cost savings estimated in the 
                      report are accurate.
SEC. 922. <<NOTE: 10 USC 2222 note.>>  ANALYSIS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE BUSINESS MANAGEMENT AND OPERATIONS 
                        DATASETS TO PROMOTE SAVINGS AND 
                        EFFICIENCIES.

    (a) In General.--The Chief Management Officer of the Department of 
Defense shall develop a policy on analysis of Department of Defense 
datasets on business management and business operations by the public 
for purposes of accessing data analysis capabilities that would promote 
savings and efficiencies and otherwise enhance the utility of such 
datasets to the Department.
    (b) Initial Discharge of Policy.--
            (1) In general.--The Chief Management Officer shall commence 
        the discharge of the policy required pursuant to subsection (a) 
        by--
                    (A) identifying one or more matters--
                          (i) that are of significance to the Department 
                      of Defense;
                          (ii) that are currently unresolved; and
                          (iii) whose resolution from a business 
                      management or business operations dataset of the 
                      Department could benefit from a method or 
                      technique of analysis not currently familiar to 
                      the Department;
                    (B) identifying between three and five business 
                management or business operations datasets of the 
                Department not currently available to the public whose 
                evaluation could result in novel data analysis solutions 
                toward management or operations problems of the 
                Department identified by the Chief Management Officer; 
                and
                    (C) encouraging, whether by competition or other 
                mechanisms, the evaluation of the datasets described in 
                subparagraph (B) by appropriate persons and entities in 
                the public or private sector (including academia).
            (2) Protection of security and confidentiality.--In 
        providing for the evaluation of datasets pursuant to this 
        subsection, the Chief Management Officer shall take appropriate

[[Page 132 STAT. 1930]]

        actions to protect the security and confidentiality of any 
        information contained in the datasets, including through special 
        precautions to ensure that any personally identifiable 
        information is not included and no release of information will 
        adversely affect national security missions.
SEC. 923. PERIODIC REVIEW OF THE DEFENSE AGENCIES AND DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE FIELD ACTIVITIES BY THE CHIEF 
                        MANAGEMENT OFFICER OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) Periodic Review.--Subsection (c) of section 192 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph (3); and
            (2) by inserting before paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
        the following new paragraphs:

    ``(1)(A) Not later than January 1, 2020, and periodically (but not 
less frequently than every four years) thereafter, the Chief Management 
Officer of the Department of Defense shall conduct a review of the 
efficiency and effectiveness of each Defense Agency and Department of 
Defense Field Activity. Each review shall, to the maximum extent 
practicable, be conducted in coordination with other ongoing efforts in 
connection with business enterprise reform.
    ``(B) As part of each review under this paragraph, the Chief 
Management Officer shall identify each activity of an Agency or Activity 
that is substantially similar to, or duplicative of, an activity carried 
out by another organization or element of the Department of Defense, or 
is not being performed to an adequate level to meet Department needs.
    ``(C) For purposes of conducting reviews under this paragraph, the 
Chief Management Officer shall develop internal guidance that defines 
requirements for such reviews and provides clear direction for 
conducting and recording the results of reviews.
    ``(2)(A) Not later than 90 days after the completion of a review 
under paragraph (1), the Chief Management Officer shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report that sets forth the results of 
the review.
    ``(B) The report on a review under this paragraph shall, based on 
the results of the review, include the following:
            ``(i) A list of each Defense Agency and Department of 
        Defense Field Activity that the Chief Management Officer has 
        determined--
                    ``(I) operates efficiently and effectively; and
                    ``(II) does not carry out any function that is 
                substantially similar to, or duplicative of, a function 
                carried out by another organization or element of the 
                Department of Defense.
            ``(ii) With respect to each Agency or Activity not included 
        on the list under clause (i), a plan, aimed at better meeting 
        Department needs, for--
                    ``(I) rationalizing the functions within such Agency 
                or Activity; or
                    ``(II) transferring some or all of the functions of 
                such Agency or Activity to another organization or 
                element of the Department.
            ``(iii) Recommendations for functions, if any, currently 
        conducted separately by the military departments that should be 
        consolidated into an Agency or Activity.''.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1931]]

    (b) Repeal of Special Rule for Defense Business Transformation 
Agency.--Such section is further amended by striking subsection (e).
    (c) Limitation on Termination.--Such section is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Limitation on Termination.--The Secretary of Defense may not 
terminate a Defense Agency or Department of Defense Field Activity until 
30 days after the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
congressional defense committees a report setting forth the following:
            ``(1) Notice of the intent of the Secretary to terminate the 
        Agency or Activity.
            ``(2) Such recommendations for legislative action as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate in connection with the 
        termination of the Agency or Activity.''.
SEC. 924. <<NOTE: 10 USC 191 note.>>  ACTIONS TO INCREASE THE 
                        EFFICIENCY AND TRANSPARENCY OF THE DEFENSE 
                        LOGISTICS AGENCY.

    (a) System and Capability.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the 
Director of the Defense Logistics Agency and the Chief Management 
Officer of the Department of Defense shall jointly, in consultation with 
the customers served by the Agency, develop and implement--
            (1) a comprehensive system that enables customers of the 
        Agency to view--
                    (A) the inventory of items and materials available 
                to customers from the Agency; and
                    (B) the delivery status of items and materials that 
                are in transit to customers; and
            (2) a predictive analytics capability designed to increase 
        the efficiency of the system described in paragraph (1) by 
        identifying emerging customer needs with respect to items and 
        materials supplied by the Agency, including any emerging needs 
        arising from the use of new weapon systems by customers.

    (b) Actions to Increase Efficiency.--Not later than January 1, 2020, 
the Director and the Chief Management Officer shall jointly--
            (1) develop a plan to reduce the rates charged by the Agency 
        to customers, in aggregate--
                    (A) by not less than 10 percent; or
                    (B) if the Chief Management Officer determines that 
                a reduction of rates in aggregate of 10 percent or more 
                will create overall inefficiencies for the Department, 
                by such percentage less than 10 percent as the Chief 
                Management Officer considers appropriate to avoid such 
                inefficiencies, but only after notifying the 
                congressional defense committees of such lesser 
                percentage in reduction of rates pursuant to this 
                subparagraph;
            (2) eliminate the duplication of services within the Agency; 
        and
            (3) establish specific goals and metrics to ensure that the 
        Agency is fulfilling its mission of providing items and 
        materials to customers with sufficient speed and in sufficient 
        quantities to ensure the lethality and readiness of warfighters.

    (c) Plan Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Director 
and the Chief Management Officer shall jointly submit to the 
congressional defense committees a plan that describes how

[[Page 132 STAT. 1932]]

the Director and the Chief Management Officer will achieve compliance 
with the requirements of subsections (a) and (b).
SEC. 925. REVIEW OF FUNCTIONS OF DEFENSE CONTRACT AUDIT AGENCY AND 
                        DEFENSE CONTRACT MANAGEMENT AGENCY.

    (a) Review.--The Secretary of Defense shall, acting through the 
Chief Management Officer of the Department of Defense, direct the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment and the Under 
Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) to conduct a joint review of the 
functions of the Defense Contract Audit Agency and the Defense Contract 
Management Agency. The review shall include the following:
            (1) A validation of the missions and functions of each 
        Agency.
            (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of each Agency in 
        performing designated functions, including identification and 
        analysis of qualitative and quantitative metrics of performance.
            (3) An assessment of the adequacy of the resources, 
        authorities, workforce training, and size of each Agency to 
        perform designated functions.
            (4) An assessment of cost savings or avoidance attributable 
        to the conduct of the activities of each Agency.
            (5) A determination whether functions performed by either 
        Agency could be performed more appropriately and effectively by 
        any combination of the following:
                    (A) The other Agency.
                    (B) Any other organization or element of the 
                Department of Defense, including the military 
                departments.
                    (C) Commercial providers.
            (6) A validation of the continued need for two separate 
        Agencies with oversight for defense contracting.

    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that sets 
forth the results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 926. REVIEW AND IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONS OF THE DEFENSE 
                        FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING SERVICE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Chief Management 
Officer of the Department of Defense and the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) shall conduct a joint review of the activities of the 
Defense Finance and Accounting Service. The review shall include the 
following:
            (1) A validation of the missions and functions of the 
        Service.
            (2) An assessment of the effectiveness of the Service in 
        performing designated functions, including identification and 
        analysis of qualitative and quantitative metrics of performance.
            (3) An assessment of the resources, authorities, workforce 
        training, and size of the Service to perform designated 
        functions.
            (4) An assessment of changes required to the mission and 
        activities of the Service based on the availability and 
        application of current and potential future information 
        technology capabilities.
            (5) A determination whether any functions currently 
        performed by the Service could be performed more appropriately 
        and effectively by any combination of the following:

[[Page 132 STAT. 1933]]

                    (A) Any other organization or element of the 
                Department of Defense, including the military 
                departments.
                    (B) Commercial providers.
            (6) A determination whether any functions currently 
        performed by other organizations or elements of the Department 
        could be consolidated within the Service in order to promote 
        effectiveness and reduce duplicative effort.

    (b) Report.--Not later than March 1, 2020, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
forth the results of the review conducted under subsection (a).
SEC. 927. ASSESSMENT OF CHIEF INFORMATION OFFICER FUNCTIONS IN 
                        CONNECTION WITH TRANSITION TO ENTERPRISE-
                        WIDE MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
                        AND COMPUTING.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense shall, in conjunction with the Chief Management 
Officer of the Department of Defense, conduct an assessment of chief 
information officer functions in the Department of Defense with a view 
toward the rationalization of such functions across the Defense Agencies 
and Department of Defense Field Activities in a manner consistent with 
the plans of the Department for a transition to enterprise-wide 
management of information technology (IT) networks and computing.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment conducted pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall result in the following:
            (1) A determination of the number, duties and 
        responsibilities, and grades of personnel performing management 
        and oversight of information technology activities.
            (2) Recommendations for the role the Chief Information 
        Officer in managing the information technology workforce in the 
        Office of the Secretary of Defense, and for selecting and 
        approving personnel for the information technology workforces of 
        the military departments, Defense Agencies, and Department of 
        Defense Field Activities.

    (c) Report Required.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Chief 
Information Officer and the Chief Management Officer shall jointly 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that sets forth 
a description of the results of the assessment conducted pursuant to 
subsection (a), including a description of any actions proposed as a 
result of the assessment to achieve enterprise-wide efficiencies in the 
management of information technology networks and computing.
    (d) Plan Required.--Not later than January 1, 2020, the Chief 
Information Officer and the Chief Management Officer shall jointly 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting forth a 
plan to carry out the proposed actions described in subsection (c).
SEC. 928. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                        CROSS-ENTERPRISE ACTIVITIES OF THE 
                        INSPECTORS GENERAL OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall submit to Congress a report on cross-enterprise activities of the 
Inspectors General of the organizations and elements of the Department 
of Defense, including public affairs, human

[[Page 132 STAT. 1934]]

resources, services contracting, other contracting, and any other cross-
enterprise activities of the Inspectors General the Comptroller General 
considers appropriate for purposes of the report.
    (b) Elements.--The report under subsection (a) shall identify with 
respect to the activities referred to in that subsection the following:
            (1) Opportunities to maximize efficiency.
            (2) Opportunities to minimize duplication of effort, 
        including through reduction or elimination of duplicative 
        functions.
            (3) Any other matters the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.
SEC. 929. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

    (a) Consolidated Report.--The plans and reports required to be 
submitted to the congressional defense committees under this subtitle on 
or before March 1, 2020, may be combined and submitted in the form of a 
single, consolidated document.
    (b) Definitions.--In this subtitle, the terms ``Defense Agency'', 
``Department of Defense Field Activity'', and ``military departments'' 
have the meanings given the terms in section 101(a) of title 10, United 
States Code.

  Subtitle D--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

SEC. 931. LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR MAJOR 
                        HEADQUARTERS ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                        OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Certification on Average Amounts Expended on Major Headquarters 
Activities.--Not later than February 1, 2019, the Under Secretary of 
Defense (Comptroller) shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that certifies each of the following percentages in 
connection with amounts expended on major headquarters activities:
            (1) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for the Department of Defense per fiscal year, 
        during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, that 
        has been expended on major headquarters activities.
            (2) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for the Department of Defense per fiscal year, 
        during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, that 
        has been expended on major headquarters activities of the Office 
        of the Secretary of Defense.
            (3) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for each military department per fiscal year, 
        during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, that 
        has been expended on major headquarters activities of such 
        military department.
            (4) The average percentage of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for the Department of Defense per fiscal year, 
        during the 10 fiscal years ending with fiscal year 2018, and 
        available for the combatant commands that has been spent on 
        major headquarters activities of the combatant commands.

    (b) Overall Limitation.--In fiscal year 2021, the aggregate amount 
that may be obligated and expended on major headquarters

[[Page 132 STAT. 1935]]

activities may not exceed an amount equal to the percentage specified in 
subsection (a)(1) of the amount authorized to be appropriated for the 
Department of Defense for that fiscal year.
    (c) Limitation for Particular Activities.--Within the amount 
available for fiscal year 2021 pursuant to subsection (b), amounts shall 
be available as follows:
            (1) For major headquarters activities of the Office of the 
        Secretary of Defense, not more than an amount equal to the 
        percentage specified in subsection (a)(2) of the amount 
        authorized to be appropriated for the Department of Defense for 
        fiscal year 2021.
            (2) For major headquarters activities of each military 
        department, not more than an amount equal to the percentage 
        specified in subsection (a)(3) with respect to such military 
        department of the amount authorized to be appropriated for such 
        military department for fiscal year 2021.
            (3) For major headquarters activities of the combatant 
        commands, not more than an amount equal to the percentage 
        specified in subsection (a)(4) of the amount authorized to be 
        appropriated for the Department of Defense for fiscal year 2021 
        and available for the combatant commands.

    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``major headquarters activities'' has the 
        meaning given the term ``major Department of Defense 
        headquarters activities'' in section 346(b)(3) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (10 U.S.C. 111 
        note).
            (2) The term ``major headquarters activities of a military 
        department'' means the following:
                    (A) In the case of the Army, the Office of the 
                Secretary of the Army and the Army Staff.
                    (B) In the case of the Navy, the Office of the 
                Secretary of the Navy, the Office of the Chief of Naval 
                Operations, and Headquarters, Marine Corps.
                    (C) In the case of the Air Force, the Office of the 
                Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff.
            (3) The term ``Office of the Secretary of Defense'' includes 
        the Joint Staff.
SEC. <<NOTE: 10 USC 1580 note prec.>>  932. JOHN S. MCCAIN 
                        STRATEGIC DEFENSE FELLOWS PROGRAM.

    (a) Fellowship Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the date of 
        the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        establish within the Department of Defense a civilian fellowship 
        program designed to provide leadership development and the 
        commencement of a career track toward senior leadership in the 
        Department.
            (2) Designation.--The fellowship program shall be known as 
        the ``John S. McCain Strategic Defense Fellows Program'' (in 
        this section referred to as the ``fellows program'').

    (b) Eligibility.--An individual is eligible for participation in the 
fellows program if the individual--
            (1) is a citizen of the United States or a lawful permanent 
        resident of the United States in the year in which the 
        individual applies for participation in the fellows program; and
            (2) either--
                    (A) possesses a graduate degree from an accredited 
                institution of higher education in the United States 
                that

[[Page 132 STAT. 1936]]

                was awarded not later than two years before the date of 
                the acceptance of the individual into the fellows 
                program; or
                    (B) will be awarded a graduate degree from an 
                accredited institution of higher education in the United 
                States not later than six months after the date of the 
                acceptance of the individual into the fellows program.

    (c) Application.--
            (1) Application required.--Each individual seeking to 
        participate in the fellows program shall submit to the Secretary 
        of Defense an application therefor at such time and in such 
        manner as the Secretary shall specify.
            (2) Elements.--Each application of an individual under this 
        subsection shall include the following:
                    (A) Transcripts of educational achievement at the 
                undergraduate and graduate level.
                    (B) A resume.
                    (C) Proof of citizenship or lawful permanent 
                residence.
                    (D) An endorsement from the applicant's graduate 
                institution of higher education.
                    (E) An academic writing sample.
                    (F) Letters of recommendation addressing the 
                applicant's character, academic ability, and any 
                extracurricular activities.
                    (G) A personal statement by the applicant explaining 
                career areas of interest and motivations for service in 
                the Department.
                    (H) Such other information as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.

    (d) Selection.--
            (1) In general.--Each year, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        select participants in the fellows program from among applicants 
        for the fellows program for such year who qualify for 
        participation in the fellows program based on character, 
        commitment to public service, academic achievement, 
        extracurricular activities, and such other qualifications for 
        participation in the fellows program as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate.
            (2) Number.--The number of individuals selected to 
        participate in the fellows program in any year may not exceed 
        the numbers as follows:
                    (A) Ten individuals from each geographic region of 
                the United States as follows:
                          (i) The Northeast.
                          (ii) The Southeast.
                          (iii) The Midwest.
                          (iv) The Southwest.
                          (v) The West.
                    (B) Ten additional individuals.
            (3) Background investigation.--An individual selected to 
        participate in the fellows program may not participate in the 
        program unless the individual successfully undergoes a 
        background investigation applicable to the position to which the 
        individual will be assigned under the fellows program and 
        otherwise meets such requirements applicable to assignment to a 
        sensitive position within the Department that the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1937]]

    (e) Assignment.--
            (1) In general.--Each individual who participates in the 
        fellows program shall be assigned to a position in one of the 
        following:
                    (A) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) An office of the Secretary of a military 
                department.
            (2) Position requirements.--Each Secretary of a military 
        department, and each Under Secretary of Defense and Director of 
        a Defense Agency who reports directly to the Secretary of 
        Defense, shall submit to the Secretary of Defense each year the 
        qualifications and skills to be demonstrated by participants in 
        the fellows program to qualify for assignment under this 
        subsection for service in a position of the office of such 
        Secretary, Under Secretary, or Director.
            (3) Assignment to positions.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        each year assign participants in the fellows program to 
        positions in the offices of the Secretaries of the military 
        departments, and the offices of the Under Secretaries and 
        Directors described in paragraph (2). In making such 
        assignments, the Secretary of Defense shall seek to best match 
        the qualifications and skills of participants in the fellows 
        program with the requirements of positions available for 
        assignment. Each participant so assigned shall serve as a 
        special assistant to the Secretary, Under Secretary, or Director 
        to whom assigned.
            (4) Limitation on number assignable to secretaries of 
        military departments.--The number of participants in the fellows 
        program who are assigned to the office of a Secretary of a 
        military department in any year may not exceed five 
        participants.
            (5) Term.--The term of each assignment under the fellows 
        program shall be one year.
            (6) Pay and benefits.--An individual assigned to a position 
        under the fellows program shall be compensated at the rate of 
        compensation for employees at level GS-10 of the General 
        Schedule, and shall be treated as an employee of the United 
        States during the term of assignment, including for purposes of 
        eligibility for health care benefits and retirement benefits 
        available to employees of the United States.
            (7) Education loan repayment.--To the extent that funds are 
        provided in advance in appropriations Acts, the Secretary of 
        Defense may repay any loan of a participant in the fellows 
        program if the loan is described by subparagraph (A), (B), or 
        (C) of section 16301(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code. Any 
        repayment of loans under this paragraph shall be on a first-
        come, first-served basis.

    (f) Career Development.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
        participants in the fellows program--
                    (A) receive opportunities and support appropriate 
                for the commencement of a career track within the 
                Department leading toward a future position of senior 
                leadership within the Department, including ongoing 
                mentorship support through appropriate personnel from 
                entities within the Department such as the Defense 
                Business Board and the Defense Innovation Board; and
                    (B) are provided appropriate opportunities for 
                employment and advancement within the Department upon

[[Page 132 STAT. 1938]]

                successful completion of the fellows program, including, 
                if appropriate, opportunities to work at Department 
                installations or Field Activities for between 12 and 24 
                months.
            (2) Reservation of positions.--In carrying out paragraph 
        (1)(B), the Secretary shall reserve for participants who 
        successfully complete the fellows program not fewer than 30 
        positions in the excepted service within the Department that are 
        suitable for the commencement of a career track toward senior 
        leadership within the Department. Any position so reserved shall 
        not be subject to or covered by any reduction in headquarters 
        personnel required under any other provision of law.
            (3) Noncompetitive appointment.--Upon the successful 
        completion of the assignment of a participant in the fellows 
        program in a position pursuant to subsection (e), the Secretary 
        may, without regard to the provisions of subchapter I of chapter 
        33 of title 5, United States Code, appoint the participant to a 
        position reserved pursuant to paragraph (2) if the Secretary 
        determines that such appointment will contribute to the 
        development of highly qualified future senior leaders for the 
        Department.
            (4) Publication of selection.--The Secretary shall publish 
        on an Internet website of the Department available to the public 
        the names of the individuals selected to participate in the 
        fellows program.

    (g) Outreach.--The Secretary of Defense shall undertake appropriate 
outreach to inform potential participants in the fellows program of the 
nature and benefits of participation in the fellows program.
    (h) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out this 
section in accordance with such regulations as the Secretary may 
prescribe for purposes of this section.
    (i) Funding.--Of the amounts authorized to be appropriated for each 
fiscal year for the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance, 
Defense-wide, $10,000,000 may be available to carry out the fellows 
program in such fiscal year.
SEC. 933. PERFORMANCE OF CIVILIAN FUNCTIONS BY MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    Section 129a(g)(1)(A) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``, including a permanent conversion'' and all that follows 
through the semicolon and inserting ``is cost-effective, taking into 
account the fully-burdened costs of the civilian, military, and 
contractor workforces, including the impact of the performance of such 
functions on military career progression or when required by military 
necessity;''.
SEC. 934. REPORT ON IMPLEMENTATION OF REQUIREMENTS ON ESTIMATION 
                        AND COMPARISON OF COSTS OF CIVILIAN AND 
                        MILITARY MANPOWER AND CONTRACT SUPPORT FOR 
                        THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Not later than March 1, 2019, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report on the implementation 
of Department of Defense Instruction 7041.04. The report shall include 
an assessment whether the Department of Defense is properly using 
civilian personnel in its workforce in the most cost-efficient manner 
when compared to its use of military and contractor personnel in its 
workforce.

[[Page 132 STAT. 1939]]

SEC. 935. REVIEW OF FOREIGN CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES AND ANALYSIS 
                        OF FOREIGN CURRENCY FLUCTUATIONS, DEFENSE 
                        APPROPRIATION.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) shall, 
in coordination with the Comptrollers of the military departments, 
conduct a review of the exchange rates for foreign currency used when 
making a disbursement pursuant to any expenditure or expense made by the 
Department of Defense in order to determine whether cost-savings could 
be achieved through a more consistent selection of cost-effective rates 
in the making of such disbursements. The review shall include an 
analysis of realized and projected losses on foreign currency exchange 
in order to determine an appropriate balance for the ``Foreign Currency 
Fluctuations, Defense'' account.
    (b) Report.--Not later than January 31, 2019, the Under Secretary 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
forth a summary of the review conducted pursuant to subsection (a).
SEC. 936. <<NOTE: 10 USC 134 note.>>  RESPONSIBILITY FOR POLICY ON 
                        CIVILIAN CASUALTY MATTERS.

    (a) Designation of Senior Civilian Official.--Not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Policy shall designate a senior civilian official of the 
Department of Defense within the Office of the Secretary of Defense at 
or above the level of Assistant Secretary of Defense to develop, 
coordinate, and oversee compliance with the policy of the Department 
relating to civilian casualties resulting from United States military 
operations.
    (b) Responsibilities.--The senior civilian official designated under 
subsection (a) shall ensure that the policy referred to in that 
subsection provides for--
            (1) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
        commands for accurately recording kinetic strikes by the United 
        States military;
            (2) the development and dissemination of best practices for 
        reducing the likelihood of civilian casualties from United 
        States military operations;
            (3) the development of publicly available means, including 
        an Internet-based mechanism, for the submittal to the United 
        States Government of allegations of civilian casualties 
        resulting from United States military operations;
            (4) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
        commands for reviewing and investigating allegations of civilian 
        casualties resulting from United States military operations, 
        including the consideration of relevant information from all 
        available sources;
            (5) uniform processes and standards across the combatant 
        commands for--
                    (A) acknowledging the responsibility of the United 
                States military for civilian casualties resulting from 
                United States military operations; and
                    (B) offering ex gratia payments to civilians who 
                have been injured, or to the families of civilians 
                killed, as a result of United States military 
                operations, as determined to be necessary by the 
                designated senior civilian official;

[[Page 132 STAT. 1940]]

            (6) regular engagement with relevant intergovernmental and 
        nongovernmental organizations;
            (7) public affairs guidance with respect to matters relating 
        to civilian casualties alleged or confirmed to have resulted 
        from United States military operations; and
            (8) such other matters with respect to civilian casualties 
        resulting from United States military operations as the 
        designated senior civilian official considers appropriate.

    (c) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment 
of this Act, the senior civilian official designated under subsection 
(a) shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
describes--
            (1) the policy developed by the senior civilian official 
        under that subsection; and
            (2) the efforts of the Department to implement such policy.
SEC. 937. ADDITIONAL MATTERS IN CONNECTION WITH BACKGROUND AND 
                        SECURITY INVESTIGATIONS FOR DEPARTMENT OF 
                        DEFENSE PERSONNEL.

    Section 925(k)(3) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91) <<NOTE: 10 USC 1564 note.>>  is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) through (L) as 
        subparagraphs (I) through (M), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the following new 
        subparagraph (H):
                    ``(H) The number of denials or revocations of a 
                security clearance by each authorized adjudicative 
                agency that occurred separately from a periodic 
                reinvestigation.''.
SEC. 938. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT TO ADVANCE CAPABILITIES OF THE 
                        DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE IN DATA INTEGRATION 
                        AND ADVANCED ANALYTICS IN CONNECTION WITH 
                        PERSONNEL SECURITY.

    (a) Plan Required.--The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
shall develop a plan on research and development activities to advance 
the capabilities of the Department of Defense in data integration and 
advanced analytics in connection with personnel security activities of 
the Department. The plan shall, to the extent practicable, provide for 
the leveraging of the