[114th Congress Public Law 152]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]

[[Page 130 STAT. 373]]

Public Law 114-152
114th Congress

                                 An Act

        To adopt the bison as the national mammal of the United 
              States. <<NOTE: May 9, 2016 -  [H.R. 2908]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: National Bison 
Legacy Act. 36 USC 301 note prec.>> 

    This Act may be cited as the ``National Bison Legacy Act''.

    Congress finds that--
            (1) bison are considered a historical symbol of the United 
            (2) bison were integrally linked with the economic and 
        spiritual lives of many Indian tribes through trade and sacred 
            (3) there are more than 60 Indian tribes participating in 
        the Intertribal Buffalo Council;
            (4) numerous members of Indian tribes are involved in bison 
        restoration on tribal land;
            (5) members of Indian tribes have a combined herd on more 
        than 1,000,000 acres of tribal land;
            (6) the Intertribal Buffalo Council is a tribal organization 
        incorporated pursuant to section 17 of the Act of June 18, 1934 
        (commonly known as the ``Indian Reorganization Act'') (25 U.S.C. 
            (7) bison can play an important role in improving the types 
        of grasses found in landscapes to the benefit of grasslands;
            (8) a small group of ranchers helped save bison from 
        extinction in the late 1800s by gathering the remnants of the 
        decimated herds;
            (9) bison hold significant economic value for private 
        producers and rural communities;
            (10) according to the 2012 Census of Agriculture of the 
        Department of Agriculture, as of 2012, 162,110 head of bison 
        were under the stewardship of private producers, creating jobs 
        and providing a sustainable and healthy meat source contributing 
        to the food security of the United States;
            (11) on December 8, 1905, William Hornaday, Theodore 
        Roosevelt, and others formed the American Bison Society in 
        response to the near extinction of bison in the United States;
            (12) on October 11, 1907, the American Bison Society sent 15 
        captive-bred bison from the New York Zoological Park, now known 
        as the ``Bronx Zoo'', to the first wildlife refuge in the United 
        States, which was known as the ``Wichita Mountains Wildlife 
        Refuge'', resulting in the first successful reintroduction

[[Page 130 STAT. 374]]

        of a mammal species on the brink of extinction back into the 
        natural habitat of the species;
            (13) in 2005, the American Bison Society was reestablished, 
        bringing together bison ranchers, managers from Indian tribes, 
        Federal and State agencies, conservation organizations, and 
        natural and social scientists from the United States, Canada, 
        and Mexico to create a vision for the North American bison in 
        the 21st century;
            (14) there are bison herds in National Wildlife Refuges and 
        National Parks;
            (15) there are bison in State-managed herds across 11 
            (16) there is a growing effort to celebrate and officially 
        recognize the historical, cultural, and economic significance of 
        the North American bison to the heritage of the United States;
            (17) a bison is portrayed on 2 State flags;
            (18) the bison has been adopted by 3 States as the official 
        mammal or animal of those States;
            (19) a bison has been depicted on the official seal of the 
        Department of the Interior since 1912;
            (20) the buffalo nickel played an important role in 
        modernizing the currency of the United States;
            (21) several sports teams have the bison as a mascot, which 
        highlights the iconic significance of bison in the United 
            (22) in the 2nd session of the 113th Congress, 22 Senators 
        led a successful effort to enact a resolution to designate 
        November 1, 2014, as the third annual National Bison Day; and
            (23) members of Indian tribes, bison producers, 
        conservationists, sportsmen, educators, and other public and 
        private partners have participated in the annual National Bison 
        Day celebration at several events across the United States and 
        are committed to continuing this tradition annually on the first 
        Saturday of November.
                    THE NATIONAL MAMMAL.

    (a) In General.--The mammal commonly known as the ``North American 
bison'' is adopted as the national mammal of the United States.
    (b) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this Act or the adoption of 
the North American bison as the national mammal of the United States 
shall be construed or used as a reason to alter,

[[Page 130 STAT. 375]]

change, modify, or otherwise affect any plan, policy, management 
decision, regulation, or other action by the Federal Government.

    Approved May 9, 2016.


HOUSE REPORTS: No. 114-483 (Comm. on Oversight and Government Reform).
            Apr. 26, considered and passed House.
            Apr. 28, considered and passed Senate.