[104th Congress Public Law 55]
[From the U.S. Government Printing Office]

[DOCID: f:publ55.104]

[[Page 109 STAT. 546]]

Public Law 104-55
104th Congress

                                 An Act

To require the head of any Federal agency to differentiate between fats, 
oils, and greases of animal, marine, or vegetable origin, and other oils 
       and greases, in issuing certain regulations, and for other 
            purposes. <<NOTE: Nov. 20, 1995 -  [H.R. 436]>> 

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the 
United States of America in Congress assembled, <<NOTE: Edible Oil 
Regulatory Reform Act.>> 

SECTION 1. <<NOTE: 33 USC 2701 note.>> SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``Edible Oil Regulatory Reform Act''.


    (a) In General.--Except as provided in subsection (c), in issuing or 
enforcing any regulation or establishing any interpretation or guideline 
relating to the transportation, storage, discharge, release, emission, 
or disposal of a fat, oil, or grease under any Federal law, the head of 
that Federal agency shall--
            (1) differentiate between and establish separate classes 
                    (A) animal fats and oils and greases, and fish and 
                marine mammal oils, within the meaning of paragraph (2) 
                of section 61(a) of title 13, United States Code, and 
                oils of vegetable origin, including oils from the seeds, 
                nuts, and kernels referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of 
                that section; and
                    (B) other oils and greases, including petroleum; and
            (2) apply standards to different classes of fats and oils 
        based on considerations in subsection (b).

    (b) Considerations.--In differentiating between the class of fats, 
oils, and greases described in subsection (a)(1)(A) and the class of 
oils and greases described in subsection (a)(1)(B), the head of the 
Federal agency shall consider differences in the physical, chemical, 
biological, and other properties, and in the environmental effects, of 
the classes.
    (c) Exception.--The requirements of this Act shall not apply to the 
Food and Drug Administration and the Food Safety and Inspection Service.
    (d) Financial Responsibility.--
            (1) Section 1004(a)(1) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 
        U.S.C. 2704(a)(1)) is amended by striking ``for a tank vessel,'' 
        and inserting ``for a tank vessel (except a tank vessel on which 
        the only oil carried as cargo is an animal fat or vegetable oil, 
        as those terms are used in section 2 of the Edible Oil 
        Regulatory Reform Act)''.

[[Page 109 STAT. 547]]

            (2) Section 1016(a) of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (33 
        U.S.C. 2716(a)) is amended in the first sentence by striking ``, 
        in the case of a tank vessel, the responsible party could be 
        subject under section 1004(a)(1) or (d) of this Act, or to 
        which, in the case of any other vessel, the responsible party 
        could be subjected under section 1004(a)(2) or (d)'' and 
        inserting ``the responsible party could be subjected under 
        section 1004(a) or (d) of this Act''.

    Approved November 20, 1995.


HOUSE REPORTS: No. 104-262, Pt. 1 (Comm. on Agriculture) and Pt. 2 
(Comm. on Commerce).
            Oct. 10, considered and passed House.
            Nov. 2, considered and passed Senate, amended.
            Nov. 7, House concurred in Senate amendments.