Federal Law Enforcement: Survey of Federal Civilian Law 	 
Enforcement Functions and Authorities (19-DEC-06, GAO-07-121).	 
                                                                 
Law enforcement officers (LEOs) within the federal government	 
play a key role in maintaining the safety and security of federal
property, employees, and the general public. In this report, we  
describe the number of LEOs that federal civilian law enforcement
components employed as of June 30, 2006; the federal job series  
classifications the components used to employ LEOs; and the	 
sources of their primary legal authorities. To identify federal  
components that employ LEOs, we consulted, among other sources,  
the Federal Citizen Information Center's Cabinet Agencies and	 
Independent Agencies and Commissions Directory; a list of	 
organizations included in the Federal Law Enforcement Training	 
Center (FLETC) 2004-2005 List of Agencies Trained at FLETC; and  
federal agencies listed in Federal Law Enforcement Officers,	 
2002, published by the Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice 
Statistics (BJS). We identified 104 federal civilian law	 
enforcement components and administered two Web-based surveys to 
each--one survey on the primary authorities and the other survey 
on the job series classifications. We defined an LEO as an	 
individual authorized to perform any of four specific functions: 
(1) conduct criminal investigations, (2) execute search warrants,
(3) make arrests, or (4) carry firearms.			 
-------------------------Indexing Terms------------------------- 
REPORTNUM:   GAO-07-121 					        
    ACCNO:   A64189						        
  TITLE:     Federal Law Enforcement: Survey of Federal Civilian Law  
Enforcement Functions and Authorities				 
     DATE:   12/19/2006 
  SUBJECT:   Facility security					 
	     Federal employees					 
	     Federal law					 
	     Federal personnel law				 
	     Homeland security					 
	     Law enforcement					 
	     Law enforcement agencies				 
	     Law enforcement personnel				 
	     Personnel management				 
	     Surveys						 

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GAO-07-121

                 United States Government Accountability Office

Report to the Chairman, Committee on

GAO

the Judiciary, House of Representatives

                                 December 2006

                                  FEDERAL LAW
                                  ENFORCEMENT

      Survey of Federal Civilian Law Enforcement Functions and Authorities

GAO-07-121

FEDERAL LAW ENFORCEMENT

Survey of Federal Civilian Law Enforcement Functions and Authorities

What GAO Found

The 104 federal components we surveyed reported a total of 137,929 LEOs as
of June 30, 2006, who were authorized to perform at least one of 4
specified law enforcement functions. These 104 components operate within
14 departments and 28 nondepartmental entities. Seven of the 104
components account for 93,263 (68 percent) of all LEOs (see fig. 1). Six
of these 7 components are within the Department of Justice (DOJ) or
Department of Homeland Security (DHS). DOJ and DHS accounted for 108,324
(79 percent) of the total civilian LEOs--58,489 and 49,835 respectively.

  Seven Federal Law Enforcement Components with the Largest Number of LEOs

    Other 97 components 44,666 LEOs

4.01%

Office of Probation and Pretrial Services (AOUSC) 5,528 LEOs

4.05%

Drug Enforcement Administration (DOJ)5,581 LEOs

4.17%

Office of Investigations (DHS Immigration and Customs Enforcement) 5,754
LEOs

Border Patrol (DHS Customsand Border Protection) 11,758 LEOs

Federal Bureau of Investigation (DOJ) 12,824 LEOs

Office of Field Operations (DHS Customsand Border Protection) 17,618 LEOs

Federal Bureau of Prisons (DOJ) 34,200 LEOs

Source: GAO analysis of survey data.

The components reported using 211 different job series classifications or
titles for their LEOs. They also reported employing 121,821 LEOs under 188
Office of Personnel Management (OPM) job series classifications and 16,108
LEOs under 23 non-OPM job series or titles. The most widely used OPM job
series is the 1811 criminal investigator series used by 71 different LEO
components. The next three job series with the largest number of LEOs were
the 1895 Customs and Border Protection officer series, the 0007
correctional officer series, and 1896 Border Patrol agent series.

All of the components cited federal statutes as a primary source of their
authorities to perform law enforcement functions. Additionally, 40
components reported federal regulations, rules, or procedures as primary
sources of authority. Other sources included memorandums of understanding,
presidential directives, internal directives and orders, and delegation of
authority from other federal agencies.

We provided a draft of this report to the 104 components included in the
survey for comment. We received a number of technical comments, which we
incorporated in the report where appropriate.

                 United States Government Accountability Office

                                    Contents

Letter                                                                   1 
                   Results                                                  2 
                   Agency Comments                                          8 
Appendix I      Scope and Methodology                                    9 
Appendix II         Number of Federal Civilian LEOs with the Specified     
                       Authority, as of June 30, 2006, as Reported by the     
                   Federal Components                                      13 
Appendix III          OPM Job Series, Titles, and the Components           
                   Using Them                                              18 
Appendix IV              Components Using Non-OPM Job Series            30 
Appendix V           Job Series with 1,000 or More LEOs and Their          
                   Associated Job Titles, as Reported by the Federal          
                   Components, as of June 30, 2006                         31 
Appendix VI     The Four Most Used Job Series by Component and             
                            Authorized Law Enforcement Functions           35 
Appendix VII      Selected Types of Sources of Primary Authorities and     
                         the Components Reporting Them, Excluding Federal     
                   Statutory Sources                                       40 

Appendix VIII 71 Federal Civilian Components Using OPM Job Series 1811 45  
Appendix IX OPM Job Series Used by Federal Bureau of Prisons and Number of 
LEOs per Series, as of June 30, 2006 48                                    
Appendix X GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments 53                        
Tables Table 1: OPM Job Series Used by More Than One LEO Component 6 Table 
2: Sources of Primary Authorities and the Number of Components Reporting   
Them 8                                                                     
Figures Figure 1: Seven Federal Civilian Components with the Largest       
Number of LEOs, as of June 30, 2006 3 Figure 2: The Four Job Series with   
the Largest Number of Federal LEOs, as of June 30, 2006 5                  

Abbreviations

AMTRAK        National Railroad Passenger Corporation       
AOUSC         Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts      
APHIS         Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service    
BJS           Bureau of Justice Statistics                  
BOP           Bureau of Prisons                             
DHS           Department of Homeland Security               
DOJ           Department of Justice                         
FLETC         Federal Law Enforcement Training Center       
LEO           law enforcement officers                      
OPM           U.S. Office of Personnel Management           

This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright
protection in the United States. It may be reproduced and distributed in
its entirety without further permission from GAO. However, because this
work may contain copyrighted images or other material, permission from the
copyright holder may be necessary if you wish to reproduce this material
separately.

United States Government Accountability Office Washington, DC 20548

December 19, 2006

The Honorable F. James Sensenbrenner, Jr. Chairman Committee on the
Judiciary House of Representatives

The Honorable Lamar S. Smith Chairman Committee on the Judiciary
Subcommittee on Courts, the Internet and Intellectual Property House of
Representatives

Law enforcement officers (LEO) within the federal government play a key
role in maintaining the safety and security of federal property,
employees, and the general public. You asked us to provide information on
LEOs employed in the government. This report responds to your request by
providing summary information on law enforcement activities and
authorities for federal civilian law enforcement components. As agreed
with your office, we excluded the law enforcement components of the
Department of Defense and the intelligence community from the scope of our
review. A more complete set of data for the components, their law
enforcement missions, primary authorities, and personnel information, as
reported by the components, can be viewed in an electronic supplement we
are issuing concurrent with this report--GAO-07-223SP.

For purposes of this report, we defined an LEO as an individual authorized
to perform any of four specific functions: conduct criminal
investigations, execute search warrants, make arrests, or carry firearms.
This definition is based upon our prior work, interviews with federal
agencies employing LEOs, and other sources.

In this report, we describe (1) the number of LEOs that the federal
components reported employing as of June 30, 2006, and the distribution of
these LEOs across the civilian government; (2) the federal job series
classifications the components reported that they used to employ LEOs; and
(3) the sources from which these federal components reported deriving
their primary statutory, regulatory, or other authorities to perform any
of the four law enforcement functions cited above. You also requested that
we provide information on mandatory LEO training. That work is ongoing,
and as agreed with your office, we plan to provide the training
information in a separate report.

To determine which federal components had LEOs, we reviewed federal law
enforcement statistics and other federal law enforcement directories. To
collect the LEO information on these components, we then administered two
Web-based surveys--one on the primary sources of authorities cited for the
specified law enforcement functions and the other on the job series
classifications used for such LEOs. Copies of the two surveys can be
viewed via the electronic supplement link provided in the first paragraph
on page 1. The U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM) generally
determines numeric classifications for LEOs by job series and titles. In
some cases, according to OPM officials, non-OPM job classifications are
used where OPM has delegated to individual components the ability to
classify their own job titles. All job series information in this report
reflects OPM's series classification unless otherwise noted. This report
contains self-reported information from each LEO component surveyed. While
we did not independently verify the accuracy of the information provided
to us, after receiving the completed surveys, we conducted quality control
checks by analyzing the responses to identify inconsistencies and
contacted survey respondents to reconcile any inconsistencies. We also
returned copies of the survey responses as they appeared in our draft
report to each agency for comment. Each law enforcement component was
offered the opportunity to make any corrections to its original responses.
A more detailed explanation of our scope and methodology is in appendix I.

Our work was conducted from January 2006 through November 2006 in
accordance with generally accepted government auditing standards.

Results

Nearly 138,000 LEOs Employed by 104 Federal Civilian Components

The 104 federal civilian components we surveyed
reported employing a total of 137,929 LEOs^1 as
of June 30, 2006, who were authorized to perform at
least one of the following four law enforcement functions: conduct

1

Excluded  from  the  total  is  the  number  of  Transportation   Security
Administration's (TSA) Federal Air  Marshals, which is Sensitive  Security
Information (SSI).

Page 2 GAO-07-121 Federal Law Enforcement

criminal investigations, execute search warrants, make arrests, or carry
firearms. The 104 LEO components operate within 14 departments and 28
nondepartmental entities. (App. II shows a breakdown of the 104 components
by department or nondepartmental entity). Seven of the 104 civilian
components account for 93,263 LEOs, or 68 percent of all LEOs, as shown in
figure 1. Six of those 7 components are within either the Department of
Justice (DOJ) or Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the remaining
component employs probation and pretrial services officers within the
Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AOUSC). DOJ and DHS account for
a total of 108,324 (79 percent) of the total civilian LEOs, 58,489 and
49,835 respectively.

Figure 1: Seven  Federal Civilian  Components with the  Largest Number  of
LEOs, as of June 30, 2006

  Other 97 components 44,666 LEOs

4.01%

Office of Probation and Pretrial Services(AOUSC) 5,528 LEOs

4.05%

Drug Enforcement Administration (DOJ)5,581 LEOs

4.17%

Office of Investigations (DHS  Immigration and Customs Enforcement)  5,754
LEOs

Border Patrol (DHS Customsand Border Protection) 11,758 LEOs

Federal Bureau of Investigation (DOJ) 12,824 LEOs

Office of Field Operations (DHS Customsand Border Protection) 17,618 LEOs

Federal Bureau of Prisons (DOJ) 34,200 LEOs

                      Source: GAO analysis of survey data.

211 Different Job Series Are Used for Employing LEOs

The 104 civilian components we surveyed reported using 211 different job
series classifications for employing their LEOs: 188 OPM job series and 23
non-OPM job series or titles. The components reported employing a total of
121,821 LEOs under the OPM job series and 16,108 LEOs under the non-OPM
series, as of June 30, 2006. See appendix III for a list of the OPM job
series and titles and appendix IV for a list of the non-OPM job series and
titles by component. Figure 2 shows the four law enforcement job series
with the largest number of federal LEOs, which, in total, account for 63
percent (86,712) of all LEOs. (App. V lists the job series/titles and
federal components with more than 1,000 LEOs.)

OPM assigns specific numerical codes to the various job series for the
purposes of identification and human resources management. OPM job series
are part of occupational groups or job families that include all classes
or positions at the various skill levels in a particular kind of work. As
indicated in figure 2, the OPM job series reflecting the most federal
civilian LEOs was the 1811 criminal investigator series. In addition to
the 1811 job series, the next three job series with the largest number of
LEOs were the 1895 Customs and Border Protection officer series, the 0007
correctional officer series, and 1896 Border Patrol agent series.

Figure 2: The Four Job Series with the Largest Number of Federal LEOs, as
of June 30, 2006

    All other jobseriesand identifiers51,217 LEOs

Jobseries 1811 criminal investigator 41,132 LEOs

Jobseries 1895 Customsand Border Protection officer 17,618 LEOs

Jobseries 0007 correctional officer 16,216 LEOs

Jobseries 1896 Border Patrol agent 11,746 LEOs

Source: GAO analysis of survey data.

Several of the OPM job series, including 1811 (criminal investigator),
0083 (police officers), and 1801 (various law enforcement officers and
investigators), were reported as being used across a number of different
components. Other law enforcement job series were specific to particular
components, such as job series 1895 Customs and Border Protection officers
within DHS and job series 0462 Forestry Technician within the Department
of Interior. The 1811 criminal investigator series was the most commonly
used series across the LEO components we surveyed--71 of the 104
components. Table 1 shows the 15 OPM-designated job series that were
reported as used by more than one LEO component.

          Table 1: OPM Job Series Used by More Than One LEO Component

Number of OPM job components using series OPM job title job series^a

                         1811 Criminal investigator 71
1801^b General inspection, inspection and compliance
                                 0083 Police 15
                        0080 Security administrative 13
                          1810 General investigator 6
1802^b Compliance inspection and support
                             0085 Security guard 3
                0301 Miscellaneous administration and program 3
                         0340 Administration officer 3
                               0025 Park ranger 2
                            0905 General attorney 2
                          1712 Training instruction 2
                           1896 Border patrol agent 2
                           2181 Aircraft operations 2
                          4749 Maintenance mechanic 2

Source: Federal law enforcement component responses to GAO surveys.

aComponents may use multiple job series for employing their LEOs.

bAccording to OPM, the difference between the 1801 and 1802 job series
classifications is that 1802 positions have a support role ("perform or
supervise inspectional or technical support work") in assuring compliance
with or enforcement of federal law, regulations, or other mandatory
guidelines. Positions in the 1801 job series "administer, coordinate,
supervise or perform inspection, investigative, analytical or advisory
work."

Among the four most widely-used OPM job series, the components reported
that the law enforcement functions authorized to be performed by 1811
criminal investigators and 0083 police officers were generally consistent
across those series. See appendix VI for the authorized law enforcement
functions of the four most used OPM job series by component. For example,
62 of the 71 components using the 1811 job series reported that their 1811
LEOs were authorized to perform all four functions--conduct criminal
investigations, execute search warrants, make arrests, and carry firearms.
Similarly, the LEOs in the 0083 job series for 11 of the 15 components
using that series were reported as authorized to perform all four
functions.

Components using the other two most widely used OPM law enforcement job
series--the 1801 general inspection series and the 0080 security
administrative series--reported that the law enforcement functions their
components were authorized to perform varied widely. For example, for the
18 components using the 1801 job series, 5 components reported their LEOs
were authorized to perform all 4 law enforcement functions. Law
enforcement functions among the other 13 components varied. Similarly,
among the 13 components using the 0080 job series, 7 reported that their
LEOs were authorized to conduct criminal investigations and the other 6
reported that they were not authorized to conduct criminal investigations.

Although law enforcement components responding to our survey reported
using 188 different OPM job series, 153 of these job series designations
were used exclusively by DOJ's Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). According
to BOP's survey responses, 16,216 of its total of 34,200 employees are
designated in the 0007 correctional officer job series. Law enforcement
personnel in the 0007 job series are responsible for the correctional
treatment, custody, and supervision of criminal offenders. The remaining
17,984 employees are in other occupations, including job titles such as
sports specialist, chaplain, secretary, metal worker, electrician,
plumber, pharmacist, language specialist, maintenance mechanic, cook, and
gardener. According to BOP, these personnel also have primary
responsibility for the supervision of inmates, have arrest and firearms
authority, and receive annual training to reinforce the application of
correctional techniques, as well as emergency procedures.

Components Cited a Wide Range of Authorities for Their Law Enforcement
Functions

The 104 federal components collectively cited a wide range of sources for
their primary authorities to perform any of the four specified law
enforcement functions. All of the components we surveyed included federal
statutes (e.g., United States Code) as a source of their primary
authorities. In addition, 40 components reported authorities derived from
federal regulations (e.g., Code of Federal Regulations), rules, or
procedures. As shown in table 2, components also cited, for example,
memorandums of understanding and cooperative agreements with other
federal, state and local agencies; presidential directives and executive
orders; internal directives and orders; and delegation of authority from
other federal agencies, such as the General Services Administration. (See
app. VII for a list of components and their reported sources of primary
authorities other than federal statutory sources.) A complete list of each
component's primary authorities, as reported by the components, can be
viewed by clicking the e-supplement link in the first paragraph on page 1
of this report.

Table 2: Sources of Primary Authorities and the Number of Components Reporting
Them    
Federal 
        regulations, Memorandums of Presidential                        Deputation 
        procedures,  understanding, directives,     Internal Delegation  from U.S. 
                                                 directives,     of                
Federal rules, and      cooperative  executive   orders, and authority    Marshals 
        other                                          other from                  
statute such sources     agreements       orders        such other       Service a 
                                                     sources agencies              
104               40             13            5          27          6         20 

Source: Federal law enforcement component responses to GAO surveys.

aThe U.S. Marshals Service  is authorized to  deputize selected persons  to
perform the  functions  of  a  deputy  U.S.  Marshal  whenever  considered
appropriate.

                                Agency Comments
										 
We provided the 104 components that we surveyed with a draft of this
report for comment. A number of the law enforcement components provided
technical corrections, additions, and or deletions to their original
responses. These technical comments were incorporated in the report where
appropriate. Copies of this report are being sent to the Secretary of
Homeland Security and the Attorney General. We will make copies available
to others on request. This report is also available at no charge on GAO's
Web site at http://www.gao.gov.

If you have further questions, please contact me at (202) 512-8777 or by
e-mail at [email protected] Contact points for our offices of
Congressional Relations and Public Affairs may be found on the last page
of this report.

Sincerely yours,

Eileen Regen Larence
Director, Homeland Security and Justice Issues

                       Appendix I: Scope and Methodology

We administered two Web-based surveys to obtain information from federal
civilian components with law enforcement officers (LEO). Copies of the two
surveys can be viewed via the link in the first paragraph on page 1 of
this report. The first survey requested that each component state its law
enforcement mission and list the primary authorities for their LEOs to
perform any of the following four law enforcement functions: (1) conduct
criminal investigations, (2) execute search warrants, (3) make arrests, or
(4) carry firearms. The types of authorities sought through the survey
were those based on statutory sources, (e.g., United States Code),
regulatory sources, (e.g., Code of Federal Regulations), and other
sources, such as executive orders, agency directives, or memorandums of
understanding between agencies. This survey was administered between June
2006 and October 2006. We obtained a 100-percent response rate for the law
enforcement authority survey.

The second survey requested that each component list the job series of the
LEOs who were authorized to perform at least one of the four law
enforcement functions mentioned above and the number of LEOs employed for
each job series as of June 30, 2006. This survey was administered between
August 2006 and October 2006. We obtained a 100-percent response rate for
the job series survey.

Since our surveys were not sample surveys, there are no sampling errors.
However, the practical difficulties of conducting any survey may introduce
errors, commonly referred to as nonsampling errors. For example,
difficulties in how a particular question is interpreted by respondents,
in the sources of information that are available to respondents, or in how
we processed and analyzed the responses we received can influence the
accuracy of the survey results. We took steps in the development of the
surveys, the data collection, and the data analysis to minimize these
potential nonsampling errors and help ensure the accuracy of the answers
that were obtained. An independent analyst reviewed all of the computer
programs used in the processing of the data.

To help identify which types of law enforcement functions would be used to
define an LEO for the purposes of our surveys, our analysis included
consulting our previous work on federal law enforcement authorities and
personnel,^1 reviewing law enforcement related documentation from the
U.S. Office of Personnel Management,^2 and interviewing officials with
expertise in law enforcement functions of various civilian agencies
employing LEOs.

To determine which federal components might employ LEOs performing any of
the four functions listed above, we compiled an initial list based on the
federal agencies:

     o listed in Federal Law Enforcement Officers, 2002, published by the
       Department of Justice's Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS);
     o identified as partner organizations of the Department of Homeland
       Security Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC), where
       federal law enforcement agencies agreed to train their LEOs, and other
       agencies included in FLETC's 2004-2005 List of Agencies Trained at
       FLETC; and
     o listed in the Federal Citizen Information Center's Cabinet Agencies
       and Independent Agencies and Commissions Directory.

The term "federal law enforcement officer" can be defined in numerous ways
depending on the information sought. To best meet the information needs of
the requester and the time frame for reporting, it was necessary to limit
our scope to law enforcement officers employed directly by the federal
government as well as exclude certain agencies or components. We refined
the list of federal components to survey by submitting our initial list to
the components' parent departments and nondepartmental entities for
corrections and additions. This compilation is not intended to reflect all
personnel in the federal law enforcement community. We did not include
contract services, civilian law enforcement officers and investigators
within the Department of Defense (DOD) or the DOD Offices

1GAO, Federal Law Enforcement: Investigative Authority and Personnel at 13
Agencies, GAO/GGD-96-154 (Washington, D.C.: Sept. 30, 1996). GAO, Federal
Law Enforcement: Investigative Authority and Personnel at 32
Organizations, GAO/GGD-97-93 (Washington, D.C.: July 22, 1997). GAO,
Inspectors General: Comparison of Ways Law Enforcement Authority Is
Granted, GAO-02-437 (Washington, D.C.: May 22, 2002).

2U.S. Office of Personnel Management, Federal Law Enforcement Pay and
Benefits (Report to Congress) July 2004.
of Inspector General, intelligence agencies, and U.S. Attorneys within the
Department of Justice.^3

To identify the specific information to collect in our surveys, such as
components' law enforcement missions, the job series classifications they
use for employing their LEOs, and the types of law enforcement
authorities, we conducted initial interviews with Department of Homeland
Security's and Department of Justice's officials with law enforcement
expertise. We developed and pretested both of our surveys with three
components with diverse missions, and of varying sizes (e.g., National
Park Service of the Department of Interior, Immigration and Customs
Enforcement of the Department of Homeland Security, and the U.S.
Government Accountability Office) to ensure the questions were clear and
unambiguous. Upon completion of the pretest, we made necessary changes to
the final surveys prior to nationwide implementation.

To help ensure sending the surveys to knowledgeable component officials
(e.g., officials with legal or human resources knowledge), we requested
the designated GAO liaisons of each component to identify these
knowledgeable officials and provide their contact information. We also
followed up with these officials to clarify survey responses, if
necessary.

All of the data in this report are what were reported by the 104 civilian
LEO components through our Web-based surveys. Copies of the two surveys
can be viewed via the link in the first paragraph on page 1. We did not
independently verify the accuracy of the information provided to us. We
did, however, after receiving the completed surveys, examine the survey
results and performed computer analyses to identify inconsistencies and
other possible indications of error (e.g., inconsistent listing of law
enforcement job series between the authority survey and the job series
survey). Also, we conducted quality control checks via telephone and
e-mail with the survey respondents to follow up on possible internal data
inconsistencies or other issues needing clarification, such as unanswered
questions or data entry errors. Where possible, we compared the law
enforcement job series and number of LEOs in the job series survey with
information available from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the September
2005 Central Personnel Data File of the Office of Personnel
Management, and documents collected from 27 of the components in our prior
work.

3According to a DOJ official, many DOJ attorneys are authorized to conduct
criminal investigations and routinely manage such investigations as
Assistant United States Attorneys, Legal Division Trial Attorneys, or in
related positions.

We also returned copies of the survey responses as they appeared in our
draft report to each agency for comment. Each law enforcement component
was offered the opportunity to make any corrections to its original
responses. A number of the law enforcement components provided technical
corrections, additions, and or deletions to its original responses. These
technical comments were incorporated in the report where appropriate.

Appendix II: Number of Federal Civilian LEOs with the Specified Authority,
as of June 30, 2006, as Reported by the Federal Components

Department or                                                    Number of 
nondepartmental entity     Component                                  LEOs 
Department of Agriculture  Animal and Plant Health Inspection           91 
                              Service (APHIS)                                 
                              Office of the Inspector General             172 
                              U.S. Forest Service, Law Enforcement        550 
                              and Investigations                              
                              Department of Agriculture subtotal -            
                              813                                             
Department of Commerce     Bureau of Industry and Security,            103 
                              Office of Export Enforcement                    
                              National Institute of Standards and          28 
                              Technology                                      
                              National Marine Fisheries Service,          176 
                              Office of Law Enforcement                       
                              Office of Security                           37 
                              Office of the Inspector General              20 
                              Department of Commerce subtotal - 364           
Department of Education    Office of the Inspector General              97 
                              National Nuclear Safety                         
Department of Energy       Administration, Office of Secure            307 
                              Transportation, Office                          
                              of Mission Operations                           
                              Office of Health, Safety and                    
                              Security, Office of Security                 15 
                              Operations                                      
                              Office of the Inspector General              54 
                              Department of Energy subtotal - 376             
Department of Health and   Food and Drug Administration, Office        177 
Human                      of Regulatory Affairs (ORA)/Office of           
Services                   Criminal Investigations                         
                              National Institutes of Health                90 
                              Office of the Inspector General             380 
                              Department of Health and Human                  
                              Services subtotal - 647                         
Department of Homeland     Citizenship and Immigration Services         15 
Security                                                                   
                              Customs and Border Protection, Office       704 
                              of Customs and Border Protection Air            
                              and Marine                                      
                              Customs and Border Protection, Border    11,758 
                              Patrol                                          
                              Customs and Border Protection, Office    17,618 
                              of Field Operations/CBP Officers                
                              Customs and Border Protection                   
                              subtotal - 30,080                               
                              Federal Emergency Management Agency,         80 
                              Security Branch                                 
                              Federal Law Enforcement Training             14 
                              Center                                          
                              Office of the Inspector General             158 
                              Transportation Security                         
                              Administration, Office of Law               70a 
                              Enforcement/Federal Air                         
                              Marshal Service                                 
                              U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative             192 
                              Service                                         
                              U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law            3,780 
                              Enforcement Boarding Officers                   
                              U.S. Coast Guard subtotal - 3,972               

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Detention and Removal 3,465

Department or                                                    Number of 
nondepartmental entity    Component                                   LEOs 
                             U.S. Immigration and Customs                     
                             Enforcement, Office of Federal               924 
                             Protective                                       
                             Service                                          
                             U.S. Immigration and Customs                  40 
                             Enforcement, Office of Intelligence              
                             U.S. Immigration and Customs               5,754 
                             Enforcement, Office of Investigations            
                             U.S. Immigration and Customs                 299 
                             Enforcement, Office of Professional              
                             Responsibility                                   
                             U.S. Immigration and Customs                     
                             Enforcement subtotal - 10,482                    
                             U.S. Secret Service                        4,964 
                             Department of Homeland Security                  
                             subtotal - 49,835                                
Department of Housing and Office of the Inspector General              227 
Urban                                                                      
Development                                                                
Department of Interior    Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of          343 
                             Law Enforcement Services                         
                             Bureau of Land Management, Office of         246 
                             Law Enforcement and Security                     
                             Bureau of Reclamation, Hoover Dam             23 
                             Police                                           
                             National Park Service, Ranger              1,554 
                             Activities                                       
                             National Park Service, U.S. Park             604 
                             Police                                           
                             National Park Service subtotal - 2,158           
                             Office of Law Enforcement, Security            8 
                             and Emergency Management                         
                             Office of the Inspector General               71 
                             U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,              395 
                             National Wildlife Refuge System                  
                             U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Office       317 
                             of Law Enforcement                               
                             U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service                   
                             subtotal - 712                                   
                             Department of Interior subtotal -                
                             3,561                                            
Department of Justice     Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms,      2,440 
                             and Explosives                                   
                             Drug Enforcement Administration            5,581 
                             Federal Bureau of Investigation           12,824 
                             Federal Bureau of Prisons                 34,200 
                             Office of the Inspector General              124 
                             U.S. Marshals Service                      3,320 
                             Department of Justice subtotal -                 
                             58,489                                           
Department of Labor       Employee Benefits Security                   422 
                             Administration                                   
                             Office of Labor Management Standards         206 
                             Office of the Inspector General              167 
                             Department of Labor subtotal - 795               
Department of State       Bureau of Diplomatic Security,             1,354 
                             Diplomatic Security Service                      
                             Office of the Inspector General               16 
                             Department of State subtotal - 1,370             

Department or                                                    Number of 
nondepartmental entity     Component                                  LEOs 
Department of              Maritime Administration, Academy              6 
Transportation             Security Force                                  
                              National Highway Traffic Safety               5 
                              Administration, Odometer Fraud                  
                              Office of the Inspector General,             93 
                              Investigations                                  
                              Office of the Secretary of                    8 
                              Transportation, Executive Protection            
                              Department of Transportation subtotal           
                              - 112                                           
Department of Treasury     Bureau of Engraving and Printing,           277 
                              Police Officers                                 
                              Internal Revenue Service, Criminal        2,781 
                              Investigative Division                          
                              Office of the Inspector General,             26 
                              Office of Investigations                        
                              Treasury Inspector General for Tax          330 
                              Administration                                  
                              U.S. Mint, Police Division                  352 
                              Department of Treasury subtotal -               
                              3,766                                           
Department of Veterans     Office of Security and Law                2,727 
Affairs                    Enforcement                                     
                              Office of the Inspector General             120 
                              Department of Veterans Affairs                  
                              subtotal - 2,847                                
Nondepartmental entities                                                   
Administrative Office of   Office of Probation and Pretrial          5,528 
the U.S.                   Services                                        
Courts (AOUSC)                                                             
Agency for International   Office of the Inspector General              22 
Development                                                                
Corporation for National   Office of the Inspector General               7 
and                                                                        
Community Service                                                          
Environmental Protection   Criminal Investigation Division             202 
Agency                                                                     
                              Office of the Inspector General              52 
                              Environmental Protection Agency                 
                              subtotal - 254                                  
Equal Employment           Office of the Inspector General               2 
Opportunity                                                                
Commission                                                                 
Federal Communications     Office of the Inspector General               1 
Commission                                                                 
Federal Deposit Insurance  Office of the Inspector General              29 
Corporation                                                                
Federal Reserve Board      Chairman's Protection Unit                   18 
                              Office of the Inspector General               4 
                              Reserve Banks Security                    1,607 
                              Security Unit                               130 
                              Federal Reserve Board subtotal -                
                              1,759                                           
General Services           Office of the Inspector General              56 
Administration                                                             

                                                                    Number of
Nondepartmental entities    Component                                 LEOs 
Government Accountability   Controller/Administrative Services,          1 
Office                      Office of Security and Safety                  
                               Financial Management and Assurance,         15 
                               Forensic Audits and Special                    
                               Investigations                                 
                               Government Accountability Office               
                               subtotal -16                                   
Library of Congress         Office of Security and Emergency           110 
                               Preparedness - Police                          
                               Office of the Inspector General              4 
                               Library of Congress subtotal - 114             
National Aeronautics and    Office of the Inspector General             52 
Space                                                                      
Administration                                                             
National Archives and       Office of the Inspector General              4 
Records                                                                    
Administration                                                             
National Gallery of Art                                                278 
National Railroad Passenger AMTRAK Police                              307 
Corporation (AMTRAK)                                                       
National Railroad Passenger Office of Inspector General                 24 
Corporation (AMTRAK)                                                       
National Science Foundation Office of the Inspector General              7 
                               Polar Operations, Antarctica                 9 
                               National Science Foundation subtotal -         
                               16                                             
Nuclear Regulatory          Office of Investigations                    32 
Commission                                                                 
                               Office of the Inspector General             14 
                               Nuclear Regulatory Commission subtotal -       
                               46                                             
Office of Personnel         Office of the Inspector General             24 
Management                                                                 
Peace Corps                 Office of the Inspector General              4 
Railroad Retirement Board   Office of the Inspector General             16 
Small Business              Office of the Inspector General             27 
Administration                                                             
Smithsonian Institution     Office of Protection Services              787 
Social Security             Office of the Inspector General            281 
Administration                                                             
Tennessee Valley Authority  Office of the Inspector General             19 
                               TVA Police                                 166 
                               Tennessee Valley Authority subtotal -          
                               185                                            
U.S. Capitol Police                                                  1,580 
U.S. Government Printing    Office of the Inspector General              8 
Office                                                                     
                               Police                                      38 
                               U.S. Government Printing Office subtotal       
                               - 46                                           

                                                                    Number of
Nondepartmental entities  Component                                   LEOs 
U.S. Postal Service       Office of Inspector General                  440 
                             U.S. Postal Inspection Service,            1,717 
                             Inspector                                        
                             U.S. Postal Inspection Service, Postal       869 
                             Police                                           
                             U.S. Postal Inspection Service subtotal          
                             - 2,586                                          
                             U.S. Postal Service subtotal - 3,026             
U.S. Supreme Court        Marshal of the Supreme Court                 139 
Total law enforcement                                              137,929 
officers                                                                   

Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

aWe excluded the number of Federal Air Marshals because this information is
Sensitive Security Information.

Appendix III: OPM Job Series, Titles, and the Components Using Them

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components     Components reporting using job    
                                            series                            
0006   Correctional Institution          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Administration                                                      
0007   Correctional Officer              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0018   Safety and Occupational Health    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Management                                                          
0019   Safety Technician                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0023   Outdoor Recreation Planner/Refuge Department of Interior, U.S. Fish 
          Law Enforcement                   and Wildlife Service, National    
          Officer                           Wildlife Refuge System            
0025   Park Ranger                       Department of Interior, National  
                                            Park Service, Ranger Activities   
          Park Ranger/Refuge Law            Department of Interior, U.S. Fish 
          Enforcement Officer               and Wildlife Service, National    
                                            Wildlife Refuge System            
0028   Environmental Protection          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Specialist                                                          
0030   Sports Specialist                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0060   Chaplain                          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0080   Physical Security Specialist      DHS, Federal Law Enforcement      
                                            Training Center                   
                                            DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                                            Enforcement, Office of Federal    
                                            Protective Service                
                                            DHS, U.S. Secret Service          
          Security Administration           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Security Officer                  Department of Transportation,     
                                            Maritime Administration, Academy  
                                            Security Force                    
                                            Department of Veterans Affairs,   
                                            Office of Security and Law        
                                            Enforcement                       
                                            Smithsonian Institution, Office   
                                            of Protection Services            
          Security Specialist               Department of Commerce, Office of 
                                            Security                          
                                            DHS, Federal Emergency Management 
                                            Agency, Security Branch           
                                            Department of Treasury, Bureau of 
                                            Engraving and Printing, Police    
                                            Officers                          
          Security Specialist and Physical  National Gallery of Art           
          Security Specialist                                                 
          Special Agent                     DHS, Citizenship and Immigration  
                                            Services                          
          Supervisory Security Specialist   Department of Health and Human    
                                            Services, National Institutes of  
                                            Health                            
0082   Deputy United States Marshal      DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service        

OPM job series Job titles used by components Components reporting using
job series

                              0083 Police Officer

Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology

                   Department of Commerce, Office of Security

Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health

           DHS, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Security Branch

DHS,  U.S.  Immigration  and   Customs  Enforcement,  Office  of   Federal
Protective Service

Department  of  Interior,  Bureau  of   Indian  Affairs,  Office  of   Law
Enforcement Services

        Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Hoover Dam Police

                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Investigation

Department of  Transportation, Maritime  Administration, Academy  Security
Force

Department of Treasury, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Police Officers

               Department of Treasury, U.S. Mint, Police Division

Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law Enforcement

Library of  Congress,  Office of  Security  and Emergency  Preparedness  -
Police

             Smithsonian Institution, Office of Protection Services

                    U.S. Government Printing Office, Police

0084 Nuclear Materials Courier              Department of Energy, National 
                                               Nuclear Safety Administration, 
                                            Office of Secure Transportation - 
                                                 Office of Mission Operations 
0085 Security Guard                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
                                        Smithsonian Institution, Office of    
                                        Protection Services                   
        Security Guard and Supervisory  National Gallery of Art               
        Security Guard                                                        
0101 Social Science                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0180 Psychology                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0181 Psychology Aid and Technician   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0185 Social Work                     DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0188 Recreation Specialist           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0199 Social Science Student Trainee  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0201 Human Resource Management       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0203 Human Resource Assistant        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0260 Equal Employment Opportunity    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
0299 Human Resource Management       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons        
        Student Trainee                                                       

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components       Components reporting using job  
                                              series                          
                                              Department of Transportation,   
0301   Assistant Public Safety Officer     Maritime Administration,        
                                              Academy                         
                                              Security Force                  
          Miscellaneous Administration and    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
          Program                                                             
          Program Specialist (ACA Enforcement National Science Foundation,    
          Officers)                           Polar Operations, Antarctica    
0303   Miscellaneous Clerk and Assistant   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0304   Information Receptionist            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0305   Mail and File                       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0318   Secretary                           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0326   Office Automation Clerical and      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
          Assistance                                                          
0335   Computer Clerk and Assistant        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0340   Program Management                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
          Program Manager (Physical Security) DHS, Federal Law Enforcement    
                                              Training Center                 
          Program Manager (Special Deputy and National Science Foundation,    
          ACA                                 Polar Operations, Antarctica    
          Enforcement Officers)                                               
0341   Administrative Officer              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0342   Support Services Administration     DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0343   Management and Program Analysis     DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0344   Management and Program Clerical and DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
          Assistance                                                          
0361   Equal Opportunity Assistance        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0391   Telecommunications                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
          Subsistence Resource Spec./Refuge   Department of Interior, U.S.    
0401   Law                                 Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
          Enforcement Officer                 Wildlife Refuge System          
          Biological Science                  Department of Interior, U.S.    
0404   Technician/Refuge Law               Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
          Enforcement Officer                 Wildlife Refuge System          
          Range Technician/Refuge Law         Department of Interior, U.S.    
0455   Enforcement Officer                 Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
                                              Wildlife Refuge System          
          Forester/Refuge Law Enforcement     Department of Interior, U.S.    
0460   Officer                             Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
                                              Wildlife Refuge System          
          Forestry Technician/Refuge Law      Department of Interior, U.S.    
0462   Enforcement Officer                 Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
                                              Wildlife Refuge System          
          Refuge Manager/Refuge Law           Department of Interior, U.S.    
0485   Enforcement Officer                 Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
                                              Wildlife Refuge System          
          Wildlife Biologist/Refuge Law       Department of Interior, U.S.    
0486   Enforcement Officer                 Fish and Wildlife Service,      
                                              National                        
                                              Wildlife Refuge System          
0501   Financial Administration and        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
          Program                                                             
0503   Financial Clerical and Technician   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0505   Financial Management                DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  
0510   Accounting                          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons  

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components        Components reporting using job 
                                               series                         
0511   Auditor (civil and criminal)          Department of Labor, Employee 
                                                            Benefits Security 
                                                               Administration 
0525   Accounting Technician                DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0544   Civilian Pay                         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0560   Budget Analysis                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0602   Medical Officer                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0603   Physician Assistant                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0610   Nursing                              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0620   Practical Nurse                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0621   Nursing Assistant                    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0622   Medical Supply Aide and Technician   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0630   Dietitian and Nutritionist           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0638   Recreation/Creative Arts Therapist   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0640   Health Aid and Technician            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0644   Medical Technologist                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0645   Medical Technician                   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0647   Diagnostic Radiology Technologist    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0649   Medical Instrument Technician        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0650   Medical Technical Assistant          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0651   Respiratory Therapist                DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0660   Pharmacist                           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0661   Pharmacy Technician                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0667   Orthotist and Prosthetist            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0669   Medical Records Administration       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0670   Health System Administration         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0671   Health System Specialist             DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0673   Hospital Housekeeping Management     DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0675   Medical Record Technician            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0679   Medical Support Assistance           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0680   Dental Officer                       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0681   Dental Assistant                     DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0682   Dental Hygiene                       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0683   Dental Laboratory Aid and Technician DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0690   Industrial Hygiene                   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0802   Engineering Technician               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0808   Architecture                         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
0809   Construction Control                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components     Components reporting using job    
                                            series                            
0856   Electronics Technician            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0858   Biomedical Engineering            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0895   Industrial Engineer Technician    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0896   Industrial Engineering            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0905   Assistant Inspector General for   Federal Communications            
          Investigations                    Commission, Office of the         
                                            Inspector General                 
          General Attorney                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0950   Paralegal Specialist              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0963   Legal Instruments Examining       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
0986   Legal Assistance                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1035   Public Affairs                    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1040   Language Specialist               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1082   Writing & Editing                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1101   General Business and Industry     DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1102   Contracting                       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1103   Industrial Property Management    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1104   Property Disposal                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1105   Purchasing                        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1106   Procurement Clerical and          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Technician                                                          
1150   Industrial Specialist             DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1152   Production Control                DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1176   Building Management               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1301   Program Officer (ACA Enforcement       National Science Foundation, 
          Officers)                              Polar Operations, Antarctica 
1411   Library Technician                DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1601   General Facilities and Equipment  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1603   Equipment, Facilities, Services   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Assistance                                                          
1640   Facility Management               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1654   Printing Management               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1658   Laundry and Dry Cleaning Plant    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Management                                                          
1667   Steward                           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1670   Equipment Specialist              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1701   General Education and Training    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1702   Education and Training Technician DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
1710   Education and Vocational Training DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components   Components reporting using job      
                                          series                              
1712   Training Instruction            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons      
          Training Instructor               Department of Veterans Affairs,   
                                              Office of Security and Law      
                                          Enforcement                         
1715   Vocational Rehabilitation       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons      
1720   Education Program               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons      
1740   Education Services              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons      
1801   Deportation Officer              DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs  
                                                Enforcement, Office of        
                                          Detention and Removal               
          Diversion Investigator          DOJ, Drug Enforcement               
                                          Administration                      
          Federal Air Marshal                DHS, Transportation Security     
                                             Administration, Office of Law    
                                          Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal     
                                          Service                             
          Immigration Enforcement Agent    DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs  
                                                Enforcement, Office of        
                                          Detention and Removal               
          Intelligence Officer             DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs  
                                                Enforcement, Office of        
                                          Intelligence                        
          Investigative Specialist        DHS, Citizenship and Immigration    
                                          Services                            
          Investigator                          Department of Labor, Employee 
                                             Benefits Security Administration 
                                          Department of Labor, Office of      
                                          Labor Management Standards          
                                          Smithsonian Institution, Office of  
                                                  Protection Services         
          Law Enforcement Officer             Department of Agriculture, U.S. 
                                              Forest Service, Law Enforcement 
                                          and Investigations                  
          Law Enforcement Ranger            Department of Interior, Bureau of 
                                               Land Management, Office of Law 
                                          Enforcement and Security            
          Law Enforcement Specialist         DHS, Federal Law Enforcement     
                                                    Training Center           
          Marine Interdiction Agent       DHS, Customs and Border Protection, 
                                                 Office of Customs and Border 
                                          Protection Air and Marine           
          Operation Support Specialist       Environmental Protection Agency, 
                                              Criminal Investigation Division 
          Secretarial Protection               Department of Health and Human 
          Specialist                        Services, Office of the Inspector 
                                          General                             
          Supervisory Protection Officer    DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                                               Enforcement, Office of Federal 
                                          Protective Service                  
          Technical Enforcement Officer    DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs  
                                                Enforcement, Office of        
                                          Investigations                      
                                           DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs  
                                                Enforcement, Office of        
                                          Professional Responsibility         
          Wildlife Inspector                Department of Interior, U.S. Fish 
                                          and Wildlife Service, Office of Law 
                                          Enforcement                         

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components  Components reporting using job       
                                         series                               
1802   Detention Enforcement Officer  DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service           
          Investigative Technician       National Gallery of Art              
          Law Enforcement Officer             Department of Agriculture, U.S. 
                                              Forest Service, Law Enforcement 
                                         and Investigations                   
          Operational Support Technician DHS, U.S. Secret Service             
          Protective Support Technician  DHS, U.S. Secret Service             
          Special Officer                DHS, U.S. Secret Service             
1810   General Investigator              Department of Treasury, Bureau of 
                                               Engraving and Printing, Police 
                                         Officers                             
                                           Department of Veterans Affairs,    
                                              Office of Security and Law      
                                         Enforcement                          
          Investigator                   Department of Agriculture, Animal    
                                         and Plant Health Inspection          
                                         Service (APHIS)                      
                                          Department of Interior, Office of   
                                                the Inspector General         
                                          Library of Congress, Office of the  
                                                  Inspector General           
                                         National Science Foundation, Office  
                                         of the Inspector General             
1811   Criminal Investigator          Agency for International             
                                         Development, Office of the Inspector 
                                         General                              
                                         Corporation for National and         
                                         Community Service, Office of the     
                                         Inspector General                    
                                              Department of Agriculture, U.S. 
                                              Forest Service, Law Enforcement 
                                         and Investigations                   
                                            Department of Commerce, Bureau of 
                                             Industry and Security, Office of 
                                         Export Enforcement                   
                                             Department of Commerce, National 
                                             Marine Fisheries Service, Office 
                                         of Law Enforcement                   
                                         Department of Energy, Office of the  
                                                  Inspector General           
                                            Department of Health and Human    
                                               Services, Food and Drug        
                                         Administration, Office of Regulatory 
                                             Affairs (ORA)/Office of Criminal 
                                         Investigations                       
                                               Department of Health and Human 
                                            Services, Office of the Inspector 
                                         General                              
                                          DHS, Customs and Border Protection, 
                                                 Office of Customs and Border 
                                         Protection Air and Marine            
                                             DHS, Federal Law Enforcement     
                                                   Training Center            
                                         DHS, Office of the Inspector General 
                                         DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative 
                                         Service                              
                                            DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs 
                                               Enforcement, Office of Federal 
                                         Protective Service                   

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components Components reporting using job series 
                                        DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs     
                                        Enforcement, Office of                
                                        Investigations                        
                                        DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs     
                                        Enforcement, Office of                
                                        Professional Responsibility           
                                        DHS, U.S. Secret Service              
                                              Department of Housing and Urban 
                                                   Development, Office of the 
                                        Inspector General                     
                                        Department of Interior, U.S. Fish and 
                                              Wildlife Service, Office of Law 
                                        Enforcement                           
                                        DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco,      
                                        Firearms, and Explosives              
                                        DOJ, Office of the Inspector General  
                                        DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service            
                                                Department of Transportation, 
                                              National Highway Traffic Safety 
                                        Administration, Odometer Fraud        
                                         Department of Transportation, Office 
                                                    of the Inspector General, 
                                        Investigations                        
                                        Department of Treasury, Internal      
                                        Revenue Service, Criminal             
                                        Investigative Division                
                                        Department of Treasury, Office of the 
                                                 Inspector General, Office of 
                                        Investigations                        
                                           Department of Veterans Affairs,    
                                             Office of Security and Law       
                                        Enforcement                           
                                              Department of Veterans Affairs, 
                                              Office of the Inspector General 
                                             Environmental Protection Agency, 
                                              Criminal Investigation Division 
                                             Environmental Protection Agency, 
                                              Office of the Inspector General 
                                                    Federal Deposit Insurance 
                                         Corporation, Office of the Inspector 
                                        General                               
                                         Library of Congress, Office of the   
                                                  Inspector General           
                                        National Aeronautics and Space        
                                        Administration, Office of the         
                                        Inspector General                     
                                        National Archives and Records         
                                        Administration, Office of the         
                                        Inspector General                     
                                        National Gallery of Art               
                                        National Science Foundation, Office   
                                        of the Inspector General              
                                        Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office 
                                                  of Investigations           
                                        Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office 
                                                     of the Inspector General 
                                              Office of Personnel Management, 
                                              Office of the Inspector General 
                                        Peace Corps, Office of the Inspector  
                                                       General                
                                        Railroad Retirement Board, Office of  
                                                the Inspector General         

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components       Components reporting using job  
                                              series                          
                                              Smithsonian Institution, Office 
                                              of Protection Services          
                                              Social Security Administration, 
                                              Office of the Inspector General 
                                                     U.S. Government Printing 
                                              Office, Office of the Inspector 
                                                                      General 
                                              U.S. Postal Service, Office of  
                                              Inspector General               
          Criminal Investigator/Assistant     DHS, Transportation Security    
          Federal Security                    Administration, Office of Law   
          Director-LE                         Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal 
                                              Service                         
          Criminal Investigator/Senior        Government Accountability       
          Special Agent                       Office, Financial Management    
                                              and                             
                                              Assurance, Forensic Audits and  
                                              Special Investigations          
                                              Department of Energy, Office of 
          Criminal Investigator/Special Agent    Health, Safety and Security, 
                                                                       Office 
                                              of Security Operations          
                                              Department of Labor, Office of  
                                              the Inspector General           
          Special Agent                       Department of Agriculture,      
                                              Office of the Inspector General 
                                              Department of Commerce, Office  
                                              of the Inspector General        
                                              Department of Education, Office 
                                              of the Inspector General        
                                              DHS, Citizenship and            
                                              Immigration Services            
                                              DHS, U.S. Immigration and       
                                              Customs Enforcement, Office of  
                                              Intelligence                    
                                              Department of Interior, Bureau  
                                              of Indian Affairs, Office of    
                                              Law                             
                                              Enforcement Services            
                                               Department of Interior, Bureau 
                                                of Land Management, Office of 
                                                                          Law 
                                              Enforcement and Security        
                                              Department of Interior,         
                                              National Park Service, Ranger   
                                              Activities                      
                                              Department of Interior, Office  
                                              of Law Enforcement, Security    
                                              and                             
                                              Emergency Management            
                                              Department of Interior, Office  
                                              of the Inspector General        
                                              DOJ, Drug Enforcement           
                                              Administration                  
                                              DOJ, Federal Bureau of          
                                              Investigation                   
                                              Department of State, Bureau of  
                                              Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic 
                                              Security Service                
                                              Department of State, Office of  
                                              the Inspector General           
                                              Department of Treasury,         
                                              Treasury Inspector General for  
                                              Tax                             
                                              Administration                  
                                                 Equal Employment Opportunity 
                                                    Commission, Office of the 
                                                                    Inspector 
                                              General                         
                                              Federal Communications          
                                              Commission, Office of the       
                                              Inspector                       
                                              General                         
                                              Federal Reserve Board, Office   
                                              of the Inspector General        
                                                             General Services 
                                                Administration, Office of the 
                                                            Inspector General 

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components     Components reporting using job    
                                            series                            
                                            Government Accountability Office, 
                                            Controller/ Administrative        
                                            Services, Office of Security and  
                                            Safety                            
                                            Small Business Administration,    
                                            Office of the Inspector General   
                                            Tennessee Valley Authority,       
                                            Office of the Inspector General   
          US Postal Inspector               U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal  
                                            Inspection Service, Inspector     
1812   Enforcement Officer               Department of Commerce, National  
                                            Marine Fisheries Service, Office  
                                            of Law Enforcement                
          Customs and Border Protection Air DHS, Customs and Border           
1881   Interdiction Agent                Protection, Office of Customs and 
                                            Border                            
                                            Protection Air and Marine         
1884   Customs Patrol Officer            DHS, Customs and Border           
                                            Protection, Border Patrol         
1895   Customs and Border Protection     DHS, Customs and Border           
          Officer                           Protection, Office of Field       
                                            Operations/CBP Officers           
1896   Border Patrol Agent               DHS, Customs and Border           
                                            Protection, Border Patrol         
                                            DHS, Customs and Border           
                                            Protection, Office of Customs and 
                                            Border                            
                                            Protection Air and Marine         
1910   Quality Assurance                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2001   General Supply                    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2003   Supply Program Management         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2005   Supply Clerical and Technician    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2010   Inventory Management              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2030   Distribution Facilities and       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
          Storage Management                                                  
2101   Transportation Specialist         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2130   Traffic Management                DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
                                            DHS, Customs and Border           
2181   Pilot                             Protection, Office of Customs and 
                                            Border                            
                                            Protection Air and Marine         
          Pilot/Refuge Law Enforcement      Department of Interior, U.S. Fish 
          Officer                           and Wildlife Service, National    
                                            Wildlife Refuge System            
2210   Information Technology Management DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2501   Special Agent                     Department of State, Bureau of    
                                            Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic   
                                            Security Service                  
2604   Electronics Mechanic              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2805   Electrician                       DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
2854   Electrical Equipment Repairing    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
3105   Fabric Working                    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
3106   Upholstering                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
3414   Machining                         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
3416   Toolmaking                        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
3603   Masonry                           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components        Components reporting using job 
                                               series                         
3703   Welding                              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
3801   Metal Worker                         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
3806   Sheet Metal Mechanic                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
3809   Mobile Equipment Metal Mechanic      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
3869   Metal Forming Machine Operating      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4010   Prescription Eyeglass Making         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4102   Painting                             DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4204   Pipefitting                          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4206   Plumbing                             DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4352   Plastic Fabricating                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4402   Bindery Working                      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4414   Offset Photography                   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4417   Offset Press Operating               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4419   Silk Screen Making and Printing      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4601   Woodworking Machine Operator         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4607   Carpentry                            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4742   Utility Systems Repairing            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
4749   Maintenance Mechanic                 DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
          Maintenance Mechanic/Refuge Law      Department of Interior, U.S.   
          Enforcement                          Fish and Wildlife Service,     
                                               National                       
          Officer                              Wildlife Refuge System         
4805   Medical Equipment Repairing          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5002   Farming                              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5003   Gardening                            DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5034   Dairy Farming                        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5301   Sewing Machine Repairer (Industrial  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
          Equipment)                                                          
5306   Air Conditioning Equipment Mechanic  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5350   Production Machinery Mechanic        DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5408   Wastewater Treatment Plant Operating DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5409   Water Treatment Plant Operating      DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5439   Testing Equipment Operating          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
5446   Textile Equipment Operating          DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons 
          Tractor Operator/Refuge Law          Department of Interior, U.S.   
5705   Enforcement Officer                  Fish and Wildlife Service,     
                                               National                       
                                               Wildlife Refuge System         
          Engineering Equipment                Department of Interior, U.S.   
5716   Operator/Refuge Law                  Fish and Wildlife Service,     
                                               National                       
          Enforcement Officer                  Wildlife Refuge System         
          Small Craft Operator/Refuge Law      Department of Interior, U.S.   
5786   Enforcement Officer                  Fish and Wildlife Service,     
                                               National                       
                                               Wildlife Refuge System         

OPM    
job    
series Job titles used by components        Components reporting using job 
                                                                       series 
5803   Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic   DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
5823   Automotive Mechanic               DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
6907   Material Handler                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
7002   Packing                           DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
7304   Laundry Worker                    DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
7305   Laundry Machine Operating         DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    
7404   Cook                              DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons    

Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

Note: These components reported  employing a total  of 121,821 LEOs  under
the OPM job series, as of June 30, 2006.

Appendix IV: Components Using Non-OPM Job Series

        Non-OPM job series or title Component reporting using job series

080 / Physical Security Specialist Department of Transportation, Office of
the Secretary of Transportation, Executive Protection

  2335-24XX Postal Police Officer U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection
                             Service, Postal Police

Criminal   Investigator/Special   Agent   National   Railroad    Passenger
Corporation (AMTRAK), Office of Inspector General

Investigative Department Manager and Project Manager Tennessee Valley Authority,
                        Office of the Inspector General

KK100 - Police Officer National Railroad Passenger Corporation (AMTRAK), AMTRAK
                                     Police

     Law Enforcement Officer Federal Reserve Board, Reserve Banks Security

                      Federal Reserve Board, Security Unit

 Maritime Law Enforcement Boarding Officers DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime Law
                         Enforcement Boarding Officers

Police  (Director,   Assistant  Director,   Commander,  Tennessee   Valley
Authority, TVA Police Investigator, Manager, Officer, Supervisor)

                       Police Officer U.S. Capitol Police

                U.S. Supreme Court, Marshal of the Supreme Court

SP083 (Police Officer, Investigator, Detective) Department of Interior, National
                         Park Service, U.S. Park Police

        Special Agent Federal Reserve Board, Chairman's Protection Unit

          Tennessee Valley Authority, Office of the Inspector General

U.S.
           Pretrial Services Officer and Officer Assistant Administrative
           Office of the US Courts (AOUSC), Office of Probation and Pretrial
           Services

U.S.
           Probation Officer and Officer Assistant Administrative Office of
           the US Courts (AOUSC), Office of Probation and Pretrial Services

               Uniformed Division member DHS, U.S. Secret Service

Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

Note: These components reported employing a total of 16,108 LEOs under the
non-OPM series, as of June 30, 2006.

    Appendix V: Job Series with 1,000 or More LEOs and Their Associated Job
       Titles, as Reported by the Federal Components, as of June 30, 2006

OPM                                                                        
job    Non-OPM job Job titles used by     Components using job   Number of 
series identifier  components             series                 LEOs      
1811               Criminal Investigator  71 Components: See        41,132 
                      Criminal               appendix VIII for the            
                      Investigator/Assistant list of components               
                      Federal Security       using the 1811 OPM job           
                      Director-LE            series and their                 
                                             associated job titles            
                      Criminal                                                
                      Investigator/Senior                                     
                      Special Agent                                           
                      Criminal                                                
                      Investigator/Special                                    
                      Agent                                                   
                      Special Agent                                           
                      U.S. Postal Inspector                                   
1895               Customs and Border     1 Component: DHS,         17,618 
                      Protection Officer     Customs and Border               
                                             Protection, Office of            
                                             Field Operations/CBP             
                                             Officers                         

0007 Correctional Officer 1 Component: DOJ, Federal Bureau of       16,216 
                             Prisons                                          
1896  Border Patrol Agent 2 Components:                             11,746 
                             DHS, Customs and Border Protection,              
                             Border Patrol                                    
                             DHS, Customs and Border Protection,              
                             Office of Customs and Border Protection          
                             Air and Marine                                   

OPM    
job    Non-OPM job     Job titles used by                           Number 
series identifier      components         Components using job     of LEOs 
                                             series                           
1801                                      18a Components:           5,201b 
                          Deportation        DHS, U.S. Immigration            
                          Officer            and Customs Enforcement,         
                                             Office                           
                                             of Detention and Removal         
                          Diversion          DOJ, Drug Enforcement            
                          Investigator       Administration                   
                          Federal Air        DHS, Transportation              
                          Marshal            Security Administration,         
                                             Office of Law                    
                                             Enforcement/Federal Air          
                                             Marshal Service                  
                          Immigration        DHS, U.S. Immigration            
                          Enforcement        and Customs Enforcement,         
                                             Office                           
                          Agent              of Detention and Removal         
                          Intelligence       DHS, U.S. Immigration            
                          Officer            and Customs Enforcement,         
                                             Office                           
                                             of Intelligence                  
                          Investigative      DHS, Citizenship and             
                          Specialist         Immigration Services             
                                             Department of Labor,             
                          Investigator       Employee Benefits                
                                             Security                         
                                             Administration                   
                                             Department of Labor,             
                                             Office of Labor                  
                                             Management                       
                                             Standards                        
                                             Smithsonian Institution,         
                                             Office of Protection             
                                             Services                         
                          Law Enforcement    Department of                    
                          Officer            Agriculture, U.S. Forest         
                                             Service, Law                     
                                             Enforcement and                  
                                             Investigations                   
                          Law Enforcement    Department of Interior,          
                          Ranger             Bureau of Land                   
                                             Management,                      
                                             Office of Law                    
                                             Enforcement and Security         
                             Law Enforcement DHS, Federal Law                 
                                  Specialist Enforcement Training             
                                             Center                           
                          Marine             DHS, Customs and Border          
                          Interdiction Agent Protection, Office of            
                                             Customs                          
                                             and Border Protection            
                                             Air and Marine                   
                                             Environmental Protection         
                          Operation Support  Agency, Criminal                 
                                             Investigation                    
                          Specialist         Division                         
                          Secretarial        Department of Health and         
                          Protection         Human Services, Office           
                                             of the                           
                          Specialist         Inspector General                
                          Supervisory        DHS, U.S. Immigration            
                          Protection         and Customs Enforcement,         
                                             Office                           
                          Officer            of Federal Protective            
                                             Service                          
                          Technical          DHS, U.S. Immigration            
                          Enforcement        and Customs Enforcement,         
                                             Office                           
                          Officer            of Investigations                
                                             DHS, U.S. Immigration            
                                             and Customs Enforcement,         
                                             Office                           
                                             of Professional                  
                                             Responsibility                   
                                             Department of Interior,          
                          Wildlife Inspector U.S. Fish and Wildlife           
                                             Service,                         
                                             Office of Law                    
                                             Enforcement                      
                                             1 Component:                     
          U.S. Probation                     Administrative Office of   4,924 
                                             the US Courts                    
          Officer and                        (AOUSC), Office of               
          Officer                            Probation and Pretrial           
                                             Services                         
          Assistant                                                           

OPM    
job    Non-OPM job       Job titles used by                         Number 
series identifier        components          Components using job  of LEOs 
                                                series                        
0083                     Police Officer      15 Components:          4,293 
                                                Department of                 
                                                Commerce, National            
                                                Institute of                  
                                                Standards                     
                                                and Technology                
                                                Department of                 
                                                Commerce, Office of           
                                                Security                      
                                                Department of Health          
                                                and Human Services,           
                                                National                      
                                                Institutes of Health          
                                                DHS, Federal                  
                                                Emergency Management          
                                                Agency, Security              
                                                Branch                        
                                                DHS, U.S. Immigration         
                                                and Customs                   
                                                Enforcement, Office           
                                                of Federal Protective         
                                                Service                       
                                                Department of                 
                                                Interior, Bureau of           
                                                Indian Affairs,               
                                                Office of                     
                                                Law Enforcement               
                                                Services                      
                                                Department of                 
                                                Interior, Bureau of           
                                                Reclamation, Hoover           
                                                Dam Police                    
                                                DOJ, Federal Bureau           
                                                of Investigation              
                                                Department of                 
                                                Transportation,               
                                                Maritime                      
                                                Administration,               
                                                Academy Security              
                                                Force                         
                                                Department of                 
                                                Treasury, Bureau of           
                                                Engraving and                 
                                                Printing, Police              
                                                Officers                      
                                                Department of                 
                                                Treasury, U.S. Mint,          
                                                Police Division               
                                                Department of                 
                                                Veterans Affairs,             
                                                Office of Security            
                                                and Law                       
                                                Enforcement                   
                                                Library of Congress,          
                                                Office of Security            
                                                and Emergency                 
                                                Preparedness - Police         
                                                Smithsonian                   
                                                Institution, Office           
                                                of Protection                 
                                                Services                      
                                                U.S. Government               
                                                Printing Office,              
                                                Police                        
          Maritime Law                          1 Component: DHS,       3,780 
                                                U.S. Coast Guard              
          Enforcement                                                         
          Boarding Officers                                                   
          Law Enforcement                       2 Components:           1,737 
          Officer                               Federal Reserve               
                                                Board, Reserve Banks          
                                                Security                      
                                                Federal Reserve               
                                                Board, Security Unit          
0025                                         2 Components:           1,723 
                                                Department of                 
                            Park Ranger         Interior, National            
                                                Park Service, Ranger          
                                                Activities                    
                            Park Ranger/Refuge  Department of                 
                            Law                 Interior, U.S. Fish           
                                                and Wildlife Service,         
                            Enforcement Officer National Wildlife             
                                                Refuge System                 
          Police Officer                        2 Components:           1,719 
                                                U.S. Capitol Police           
                                                U.S. Supreme Court,           
                                                Marshal of the                
                                                Supreme Court                 

OPM    
job    Non-OPM job  Job titles used by                              Number 
series identifier   components          Components using job       of LEOs 
                                           series                             
0101                Social Science      1 Component: DOJ, Federal    1,557 
                                           Bureau of Prisons                  
0006                Correctional        1 Component: DOJ, Federal    1,550 
                       Institution         Bureau of Prisons                  
                       Administration                                         
          Uniformed                        1 Component: DHS, U.S.       1,336 
          Division                         Secret Service                     
          member                                                              
                                           1 Component: Department of         
2501                Special Agent                 State, Bureau of   1,311 
                                                           Diplomatic         
                                           Security, Diplomatic               
                                           Security Service                   
7404                Cook                1 Component: DOJ, Federal    1,185 
                                           Bureau of Prisons                  
0085                Security Guard      3 Components:                1,027 
                                           DOJ, Federal Bureau of             
                                           Prisons                            
                                           Smithsonian Institution,           
                                           Office of Protection               
                                           Services                           
                                           National Gallery of Art            
0318                Secretary           1 Component: DOJ, Federal    1,013 
                                           Bureau of Prisons                  

Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

aDHS, U.S. Immigration  and Customs  Enforcement, Office  of Detention  and
Removal appears  twice under  the  1801 job  series  because it  uses  two
different job titles.

bWe excluded the number of Federal Air Marshals because this information is
Sensitive Security Information.

Appendix VI: The Four Most Used Job Series by Component and Authorized Law
Enforcement Functions

                                            Conduct Execute                   
                                           criminal  search   Make      Carry 
Components using job series       investigations warrants arrests firearms 
0080 Physical Security Specialist                                          
Series: 13 Components                                                      

Department of Commerce, Office of Security                           z z z 
Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of    z z z z 
Health                                                                     
DHS, Citizenship and Immigration Services                          z   z z 
DHS, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Security Branch                z 
DHS, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center                           z z 
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Federal   z z z z 
Protective Service                                                         
DHS, U.S. Secret Service                                                 z 
DOJ, Federal Bureau of Prisons                                         z z 
Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Academy             
Security                                                           z   z z 
Force                                                                      
Department of Treasury, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Police         z 
Officers                                                                   
Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law         z z z z 
Enforcement                                                                
National Gallery of Art                                            z   z z 
Smithsonian Institution, Office of Protection Services             z   z z 
0083 Police Officer Series: 15 Components                                  
Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and        z z z z 
Technology                                                                 
Department of Commerce, Office of Security                         z z z z 
Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of    z z z z 
Health                                                                     
DHS, Federal Emergency Management Agency, Security Branch          z z z z 
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Federal   z z z z 
Protective Service                                                         
Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, Office of Law            
Enforcement                                                        z z z z 
Services                                                                   
Department of Interior, Bureau of Reclamation, Hoover Dam Police   z z z z 
DOJ, Federal Bureau of Investigation                               z z z z 
Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Academy             
Security                                                           z   z z 
Force                                                                      
Department of Treasury, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Police       z z 
Officers                                                                   
Department of Treasury, U.S. Mint, Police Division                 z z z z 
Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law         z z z z 
Enforcement                                                                
Library of Congress, Office of Security and Emergency Preparedness z z z z 
- Police                                                                   
Smithsonian Institution, Office of Protection Services             z   z z 
U.S. Government Printing Office, Police                                z z 

                                            Conduct Execute  
                                           criminal  search   Make      Carry 
Components using job series       investigations warrants arrests firearms 
1801 General Inspection, Inspection and                                    
Compliance Series: 18 Components                                           
Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest                                     
Service, Law Enforcement and                z       z        z       z     
Investigations                                                             
Department of Health and Human Services, Office     z        z       z     
of the Inspector General                                                   
DHS, Citizenship and Immigration            z                z       z     
Services                                                                   
DHS, Customs and Border Protection,                                        
Office of Customs and Border                z       z        z       z     
Protection Air and Marine                                                  
DHS, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center                 z       z     
DHS, Transportation Security                                               
Administration, Office of Law Enforcement /  z      z        z       z     
Federal Air Marshal Service                                                
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs                                          
Enforcement, Office of Federal               z               z       z     
Protective Service                                                         
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs                                          
Enforcement, Office of Detention and          z     z        z       z     
Removal                                                                    
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement,      z        z       z     
Office of Intelligence                                                     
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement,                       z     
Office of Investigations                                                   
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement,                             
Office of Professional                                               z     
Responsibility                                                             
Department of Interior, Bureau of Land                                     
Management, Office of Law                  z        z        z       z     
Enforcement and Security                                                   
Department of Interior, U.S. Fish and                                      
Wildlife Service, Office of Law            z        z        z             
Enforcement                                                                
DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration      z                                
Department of Labor, Employee             z                                
Benefits Security Administration                                           
Department of Labor, Office of Labor      z                                
Management Standards                                                       
Environmental Protection Agency,                                     z     
Criminal Investigation Division                                            
Smithsonian Institution, Office of        z                  z       z     
Protection Services                                                        
1811 Criminal Investigator Series: 71 Components                           
Agency for International Development,        z      z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Corporation for National and Community                                     
Service, Office of the Inspector             z      z        z       z     
General                                                                    
Department of Agriculture, Office of the    z       z        z       z     
Inspector General                                                          
Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest                                     
Service, Law Enforcement and                z       z        z       z     
Investigations                                                             
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and                             
Security, Office of Export                     z    z        z       z     
Enforcement                                                                
Department of Commerce, National Marine                                    
Fisheries Service, Office of Law              z     z        z       z     
Enforcement                                                                
Department of Commerce, Office of                                          
the Inspector General                    z          z        z       z     

                                            Conduct Execute  
                                           criminal  search   Make      Carry 
Components using job series       investigations warrants arrests firearms 
Department of Education, Office         z           z        z       z     
of the Inspector General                                                   
Department of Energy, Office of                                            
Health, Safety and Security,                                               
Office of                                                    z       z     
Security Operations                                                        
Department of Energy, Office of         z           z        z       z     
the Inspector General                                                      
Department of Health and Human                                             
Services, Food and Drug                                                    
Administration,                         z           z        z       z     
Office of Regulatory Affairs                                               
(ORA)/Office of Criminal                                                   
Investigations                                                             
Department of Health and Human                                             
Services, Office of the Inspector       z           z        z       z     
General                                                                    
DHS, Citizenship and Immigration        z           z        z       z     
Services                                                                   
DHS, Customs and Border                                                    
Protection, Office of Customs and                                          
Border                                  z           z        z       z     
Protection Air and Marine                                                  
DHS, Federal Law Enforcement            z           z        z       z     
Training Center                                                            
DHS, Office of the Inspector            z           z        z       z     
General                                                                    
DHS, Transportation Security                                               
Administration, Office of Law                                              
Enforcement /                           z           z        z       z     
Federal Air Marshal Service                                                
DHS, U.S. Coast Guard,                  z           z        z       z     
Investigative Service                                                      
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs                                          
Enforcement, Office of Federal          z           z        z       z     
Protective Service                                                         
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs                                          
Enforcement, Office of                  z           z        z       z     
Intelligence                                                               
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs                                          
Enforcement, Office of                  z           z        z       z     
Investigations                                                             
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs                                          
Enforcement, Office of                                                     
Professional                            z           z        z       z     
Responsibility                                                             
DHS, U.S. Secret Service                z           z        z       z     
Department of Housing and Urban                                            
Development, Office of the                                                 
Inspector                               z           z        z       z     
General                                                                    
Department of Interior, Bureau of                                          
Indian Affairs, Office of Law                                              
Enforcement                             z           z        z       z     
Services                                                                   
Department of Interior, Bureau of                                          
Land Management, Office of Law          z           z        z       z     
Enforcement and Security                                                   
Department of Interior, National        z           z        z       z     
Park Service, Ranger Activities                                            
Department of Interior, Office of                                          
Law Enforcement, Security and                                              
Emergency                               z           z        z       z     
Management                                                                 
Department of Interior, Office of       z           z        z       z     
the Inspector General                                                      
Department of Interior, U.S. Fish                                          
and Wildlife Service, Office of                                            
Law                                     z           z        z       z     
Enforcement                                                                
DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco,        z           z        z       z     
Firearms, and Explosives                                                   
DOJ, Drug Enforcement                   z           z        z       z     
Administration                                                             
DOJ, Federal Bureau of                  z           z        z       z     
Investigation                                                              
DOJ, Office of the Inspector            z           z        z       z     
General                                                                    
DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service              z           z        z       z     

                                            Conduct Execute  
                                           criminal  search   Make      Carry 
Components using job series       investigations warrants arrests firearms 
Department of Labor, Office of          z           z        z       z     
the Inspector General                                                      
Department of State, Bureau of                                             
Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic                                            
Security                                z           z        z       z     
Service                                                                    
Department of State, Office of          z           z        z       z     
the Inspector General                                                      
Department of Transportation,                                              
National Highway Traffic Safety                                            
Administration,                         z           z        z       z     
Odometer Fraud                                                             
Department of Transportation,                                              
Office of the Inspector General,        z           z        z       z     
Investigations                                                             
Department of Treasury, Internal                                           
Revenue Service, Criminal                                                  
Investigative                           z           z        z       z     
Division                                                                   
Department of Treasury, Office of                                          
the Inspector General, Office of        z           z        z       z     
Investigations                                                             
Department of Treasury, Treasury                                           
Inspector General for Tax               z           z        z       z     
Administration                                                             
Department of Veterans Affairs,                                            
Office of Security and Law              z           z        z       z     
Enforcement                                                                
Department of Veterans Affairs,         z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Environmental Protection Agency,        z           z        z       z     
Criminal Investigation Division                                            
Environmental Protection Agency,        z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Equal Employment Opportunity                                               
Commission, Office of the               z                                  
Inspector General                                                          
Federal Communications                                                     
Commission, Office of the               z                            z     
Inspector General                                                          
Federal Deposit Insurance                                                  
Corporation, Office of the              z           z        z       z     
Inspector General                                                          
Federal Reserve Board, Office of        z           z        z       z     
the Inspector General                                                      
General Services Administration,        z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Government Accountability Office,                                          
Controller/ Administrative                                                 
Services, Office                        z                                  
of Security and Safety                                                     
Government Accountability Office,                                          
Financial Management and                                                   
Assurance,                              z                                  
Forensic Audits and Special                                                
Investigations                                                             
Library of Congress, Office of          z           z        z       z     
the Inspector General                                                      
National Aeronautics and Space                                             
Administration, Office of the                                              
Inspector                               z           z        z       z     
General                                                                    
National Archives and Records                                              
Administration, Office of the                                              
Inspector                               z           z        z       z     
General                                                                    
National Gallery of Art                 z                    z       z     
National Science Foundation,            z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Nuclear Regulatory Commission,          z           z        z       z     
Office of Investigations                                                   
Nuclear Regulatory Commission,          z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Office of Personnel Management,         z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Peace Corps, Office of the              z                            z     
Inspector General                                                          
Railroad Retirement Board, Office       z           z        z       z     
of the Inspector General                                                   
Small Business Administration,                                             
Office of the Inspector General         z           z        z       z     

                                            Conduct Execute  
                                           criminal  search   Make      Carry 
Components using job series       investigations warrants arrests firearms 
Smithsonian Institution, Office         z                    z       z     
of Protection Services                                                     
Social Security Administration,         z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
Tennessee Valley Authority,             z           z        z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
U.S. Government Printing Office,        z                    z       z     
Office of the Inspector General                                            
U.S. Postal Service, Office of          z           z        z       z     
Inspector General                                                          
U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal                                           
Inspection Service, Inspector           z           z        z       z     

          Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

Appendix VII: Selected Types of Sources of Primary Authorities and the
Components Reporting Them, Excluding Federal Statutory Sources

                 Federal                                 Internal                         
               regulations, Memorandums of Presidential directives, Delegation Deputation 
                                                                    of                    
               procedures,  understanding, directives,  orders, and authority   from U.S. 
               rules, and    cooperative    executive   other such  from other   Marshals 
               other                                                                      
Component      such sources   agreements      orders      sources    agencies   Service   
Administrative                                                                            
Office of the                                                                             
U.S. Courts,        z                                                                     
Office of                                                                                 
Probation and                                                                             
Pretrial                                                                                  
Services                                                                                  

Corporation for National and                                               
Community Service, Office of                                             z 
the Inspector General                                                      
Department of Agriculture,                                                 
Animal and Plant Health         z                                          
Inspection Service (APHIS)                                                 
Department of Agriculture,      z                                          
Office of the Inspector General                                            

Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Law            z z   z 
Enforcement and Investigations                                         
Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry and Security,       z   z     z 
Office of Export Enforcement                                               
Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and            z   
Technology                                                                 
Department of Commerce, Office of Security                     z       z z 
Department of Energy, National Nuclear Safety Administration,  z     z     
Office of Secure Transportation, Office of Mission Operations              

Department of Energy, Office                                               
of Health, Safety and Security, z                                        z 
Office of Security Operations                                              
Department of Health and                                                   
Human Services, Food and                                                   
Drug Administration, Office of  z                                          
Regulatory Affairs                                                         
(ORA)/Office of Criminal                                                   
Investigations                                                             
Department of Health and                                                   
Human Services, National        z                                          
Institutes of Health                                                       

           Federal                             Internal    
      regulations, Memorandums of Presidential directives, Delegation Deputation 
                                                           of                    
       procedures, understanding, directives,  orders, and authority   from U.S. 
  rules, and other  cooperative    executive   other such  from other   Marshals 
Component   such     agreements      orders      sources    agencies   Service   
           sources                                                               
Department                                                                       
of Health                                                                        
and                                                                              
Human                                                                            
Services,     z                                                           z      
Office of                                                                        
the                                                                              
Inspector                                                                        
General                                                                          

DHS, Citizenship and             z                       z               z 
Immigration Services                                                       
DHS, Customs and Border                      z                             
Protection, Border Patrol                                                  
DHS, Customs and Border                                                    
Protection, Office of Field                  z                             
Operations/CBP Officers                                                    
DHS, Federal Emergency                                                     
Management Agency, Security                  z                             
Branch                                                                     

DHS, Federal Law Enforcement Training Center                           z z 
U.S. Coast Guard, Maritime                                                 
Law Enforcement Boarding                     z                    z        
Officers                                                                   
DHS, U.S. Immigration and                                                  
Customs Enforcement, Office                  z                             
of Detention and Removal                                                   

DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of Federal         z 
Protective Service                                                         
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of             z   z 
Intelligence                                                               
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of             z z z 
Investigations                                                             
DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of             z z z 
Professional Responsibility                                                
Department of Interior, Bureau of Land Management, National Law        z   
Enforcement Office                                                         

Department of Interior, Bureau                                             
of Reclamation, Hoover Dam     z                                         z 
Police                                                                     
Department of Interior,                                                    
National Park Service, U.S.    z                                           
Park Police                                                                

             Federal                             Internal    
        regulations, Memorandums of Presidential directives, Delegation Deputation 
                                                             of                    
         procedures, understanding, directives,  orders, and authority   from U.S. 
    rules, and other  cooperative    executive   other such  from other   Marshals 
Component     such     agreements      orders      sources    agencies   Service   
             sources                                                               
Department                                                                         
of Interior,                                                                       
Office                                                                             
of Law                                                                             
Enforcement,               z                          z                     z      
Security                                                                           
and                                                                                
Emergency                                                                          
Management                                                                         
DOJ, Bureau                                                                        
of Alcohol,                                                                        
Tobacco,                                                                           
Firearms,       z                                     z                            
and                                                                                
Explosives                                                                         

DOJ, Drug Enforcement           z                      z      z            
Administration                                                             
DOJ, Federal Bureau of          z           z                              
Investigation                                                              
DOJ, Federal Bureau of          z                                          
Prisons                                                                    
DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service      z           z                          z z 

Department of Labor, Office of Labor Management Standards        z z z 
Department of Labor, Office of the Inspector General                     z 
Department of State, Office of the Inspector General                 z     
Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, Academy         z z 
Security Force                                                             

Department of Transportation,                                              
National Highway Traffic         z                   z                   z 
Safety Administration,                                                     
Odometer Fraud                                                             
Department of Transportation,                                              
Office of the Inspector General, z                                         
Investigations                                                             

Department of the Treasury, Bureau of Engraving and Printing,        z z z 
Police Officers                                                            
Department of the Treasury, Internal Revenue Service, Criminal     z   z   
Investigative Division                                                     
Department of Treasury, Office of the Inspector General, Office of     z   
Investigations                                                             
Department of the Treasury, Treasury Inspector General for Tax       z z   
Administration                                                             

                 Federal                                 Internal   Delegation            
               regulations, Memorandums of Presidential directives,     of     Deputation 
               procedures,  understanding, directives,  orders, and authority  from U.S.  
                rules, and   cooperative    executive   other such  from other  Marshals  
                other such    agreements      orders      sources    agencies   Service   
Component        sources                                                                  
Department of                                                                             
the Treasury,                                                                             
U.S. Mint,          z                                        z          z                 
Police                                                                                    
Division                                                                                  
Department of                                                                             
Veterans                                                                                  
Affairs,                                                                                  
Office of           z                                        z                            
Security and                                                                              
Law                                                                                       
Enforcement                                                                               
Environmental                                                                             
Protection                                                                                
Agency,                                                      z                            
Criminal                                                                                  
Investigation                                                                             
Division                                                                                  
Federal                                                                                   
Communications                                                                            
Commission,                                                                        z      
Office of the                                                                             
Inspector                                                                                 
General                                                                                   
Federal                                                                                   
Reserve Board,                                                                            
Chairman's          z                                                                     
Protection                                                                                
Unit                                                                                      

Federal Reserve Board, Office                                            z 
of the Inspector General                                                   
Federal Reserve Board,        z                                            
Reserve Banks Security                                                     
Federal Reserve Board,        z                                            
Security Unit                                                              

Government Accountability       
Office, Controller/             z                           z
Administrative Services, Office                              
of Security and Safety                                       
Government Accountability                                    
Office, Financial Management                                 
and Assurance, Forensic                                     z
Audits and Special                                           
Investigations                                               
Library of Congress, Office of                               
Security and Emergency                                      z
Preparedness, Police                                         
Library of Congress, Office of                       z                   z 
the Inspector General                                                      
National Archives and Records                                              
Administration, Office of the                                            z 
Inspector General                                                          
National Railroad Passenger                                                
Corporation (AMTRAK),           z                                          
AMTRAK Police                                                              
National Railroad Passenger                                                
Corporation (AMTRAK), Office                                             z 
of Inspector General                                                       

            Federal                             Internal    
       regulations, Memorandums of Presidential directives, Delegation Deputation 
                                                            of                    
        procedures, understanding, directives,  orders, and authority   from U.S. 
rules, and other  cooperative    executive   other such  from other   Marshals 
Component    such     agreements      orders      sources    agencies   Service   
            sources                                                               
National                                                                          
Science                                                                           
Foundation,    z                                                           z      
Polar                                                                             
Operations,                                                                       
Antarctica                                                                        

Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Investigations   z    z         z 
Peace Corps, Office of the                                               z 
Inspector General                                                          
Smithsonian Institution, Office                           z    z           
of Protection Services                                                     
Tennessee Valley Authority,                                    z           
TVA Police                                                                 
U.S. Postal Service, U.S.                                                  
Postal Inspection Service,                                z                
Inspector                                                                  

U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection Service, z .
Postal Police

          Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

Appendix VIII: 71 Federal Civilian Components Using OPM Job Series 1811

Job titles used by components  Components using 1811 job series            
Criminal Investigator          Agency for International Development,       
                                  Office of the Inspector General             
Criminal Investigator          Corporation for National and Community      
                                  Service, Office of the Inspector General    
Special Agent                  Department of Agriculture, Office of the    
                                  Inspector General                           
Criminal Investigator          Department of Agriculture, U.S. Forest      
                                  Service, Law Enforcement and Investigations 
Criminal Investigator          Department of Commerce, Bureau of Industry  
                                  and Security, Office of Export Enforcement  
Criminal Investigator          Department of Commerce, National Marine     
                                  Fisheries Service, Office of Law            
                                  Enforcement                                 
Special Agent                  Department of Commerce, Office of the       
                                  Inspector General                           
Special Agent                  Department of Education, Office of the      
                                  Inspector General                           
Criminal Investigator/Special  Department of Energy, Office of Health,     
Agent                          Safety and Security, Office of Security     
                                  Operations                                  
Criminal Investigator          Department of Energy, Office of the         
                                  Inspector General                           
Criminal Investigator          Department of Health and Human Services,    
                                  Food and Drug Administration, Office of     
                                  Regulatory Affairs (ORA)/Office of Criminal 
                                  Investigations                              
Criminal Investigator          Department of Health and Human Services,    
                                  Office of the Inspector General             
Special Agent                  DHS, Citizenship and Immigration Services   
Criminal Investigator          DHS, Customs and Border Protection, Office  
                                  of Customs and Border Protection Air and    
                                  Marine                                      
Criminal Investigator          DHS, Federal Law Enforcement Training       
                                  Center                                      
Criminal Investigator          DHS, Office of the Inspector General        
Criminal                       DHS, Transportation Security                
Investigator/Assistant Federal Administration, Office of Law Enforcement / 
                                  Federal Air                                 
Security Director-LE           Marshal Service                             
Criminal Investigator          DHS, U.S. Coast Guard, Investigative        
                                  Service                                     
Criminal Investigator          DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs           
                                  Enforcement, Office of Federal Protective   
                                  Service                                     
Special Agent                  DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs           
                                  Enforcement, Office of Intelligence         
Criminal Investigator          DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs           
                                  Enforcement, Office of Investigations       
Criminal Investigator          DHS, U.S. Immigration and Customs           
                                  Enforcement, Office of Professional         
                                  Responsibility                              
Criminal Investigator          DHS, U.S. Secret Service                    
Criminal Investigator          Department of Housing and Urban             
                                  Development, Office of the Inspector        
                                  General                                     
Special Agent                  Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian    
                                  Affairs, Office of Law Enforcement Services 
Special Agent                  Department of Interior, Bureau of Land      
                                  Management, Office of Law Enforcement and   
                                  Security                                    
Special Agent                  Department of Interior, National Park       
                                  Service, Ranger Activities                  
Special Agent                  Department of Interior, Office of Law       
                                  Enforcement, Security and Emergency         
                                  Management                                  
Special Agent                  Department of Interior, Office of the       
                                  Inspector General                           
Criminal Investigator          Department of Interior, U.S. Fish and       
                                  Wildlife Service, Office of Law Enforcement 
Criminal Investigator          DOJ, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms,  
                                  and Explosives                              
Special Agent                  DOJ, Drug Enforcement Administration        
Special Agent                  DOJ, Federal Bureau of Investigation        

         Job titles used by components Components using 1811 job series

           Criminal Investigator DOJ, Office of the Inspector General

                Criminal Investigator DOJ, U.S. Marshals Service

Criminal Investigator/Special Agent Department of Labor, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

  Special Agent Department of State, Bureau of Diplomatic Security, Diplomatic
                                Security Service

       Special Agent Department of State, Office of the Inspector General

Criminal  Investigator  Department  of  Transportation,  National  Highway
Traffic Safety Administration, Odometer Fraud

  Criminal Investigator Department of Transportation, Office of the Inspector
                            General, Investigations

Criminal Investigator Department of Treasury, Internal Revenue Service, Criminal
                             Investigative Division

 Criminal Investigator Department of Treasury, Office of the Inspector General,
                            Office of Investigations

    Special Agent Department of Treasury, Treasury Inspector General for Tax
                                 Administration

Criminal Investigator Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Security and Law
                                  Enforcement

 Criminal Investigator Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

 Criminal Investigator Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal Investigation
                                    Division

 Criminal Investigator Environmental Protection Agency, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

 Special Agent Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

Special Agent Federal Communications Commission, Office of the Inspector General

Criminal Investigator Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Office of the
                               Inspector General

      Special Agent Federal Reserve Board, Office of the Inspector General

 Special Agent General Services Administration, Office of the Inspector General

Special Agent Government Accountability Office, Controller/ Administrative
Services, Office of Security and Safety

Criminal Investigator/Senior Government  Accountability Office,  Financial
Management and  Assurance,  Forensic  Audits  Special  Agent  and  Special
Investigations

Criminal Investigator Library of Congress, Office of the Inspector General

 Criminal Investigator National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Office of
                             the Inspector General

 Criminal Investigator National Archives and Records Administration, Office of
                             the Inspector General

                 Criminal Investigator National Gallery of Art

Criminal Investigator National Science Foundation, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

 Criminal Investigator Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of Investigations

  Criminal Investigator Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

 Criminal Investigator Office of Personnel Management, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

       Criminal Investigator Peace Corps, Office of the Inspector General

Criminal Investigator Railroad Retirement Board, Office of the Inspector General

  Special Agent Small Business Administration, Office of the Inspector General

  Criminal Investigator Smithsonian Institution, Office of Protection Services

 Criminal Investigator Social Security Administration, Office of the Inspector
                                    General

Special Agent Tennessee Valley Authority, Office of the Inspector General

Appendix VIII: 71 Federal Civilian Components Using OPM Job Series 1811

Job titles used by     Components using 1811 job series                    
components                                                                 
Criminal Investigator       U.S. Government Printing Office, Office of the 
                                                            Inspector General 
Criminal Investigator  U.S. Postal Service, Office of Inspector General    
US Postal Inspector            U.S. Postal Service, U.S. Postal Inspection 
                                                           Service, Inspector 

          Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

Appendix IX: OPM Job Series Used by Federal Bureau of Prisons and Number
of LEOs per Series, as of June 30, 2006

OPM                                                              Number of
job series    Job titles                                              LEOs 
0006          Correctional Institution Administration                1,550 
0007          Correctional Officer                                  16,216 
0018          Safety and Occupational Health Management                203 
0019          Safety Technician                                          1 
0028          Environmental Protection Specialist                        6 
0030          Sports Specialist                                        129 
0060          Chaplain                                                 240 
0080          Security Administration                                   14 
0085          Security Guard                                             5 
0101          Social Science                                         1,557 
0180          Psychology                                               370 
0181          Psychology Aid and Technician                             35 
0185          Social Work                                               18 
0188          Recreation Specialist                                    552 
0199          Social Science Student Trainee                             2 
0201          Human Resource Management                                489 
0203          Human Resource Assistant                                  66 
0260          Equal Employment Opportunity                               9 
0299          Human Resource Management Student Trainee                  1 
0301          Miscellaneous Administration and Program                 364 
0303          Miscellaneous Clerk and Assistant                        420 
0304          Information Receptionist                                  24 
0305          Mail and File                                              1 
0318          Secretary                                              1,013 
0326          Office Automation Clerical and Assistance                  4 
0335          Computer Clerk and Assistant                              23 
0340          Program Management                                         2 
0341          Administrative Officer                                    39 
0342          Support Services Administration                           44 
0343          Management and Program Analysis                           66 
0344          Management and Program Clerical and Assistance             2 
0361          Equal Opportunity Assistance                               1 
0391          Telecommunications                                        20 
0501          Financial Administration and Program                     209 
0503          Financial Clerical and Technician                          3 
Page 48                                 GAO-07-121 Federal Law Enforcement

OPM                                                              Number of 
job series    Job titles                                              LEOs 
0505          Financial Management                                      22 
0510          Accounting                                               212 
0525          Accounting Technician                                    327 
0544          Civilian Pay                                              15 
0560          Budget Analysis                                          106 
0602          Medical Officer                                          221 
0603          Physician Assistant                                      394 
0610          Nursing                                                  438 
0620          Practical Nurse                                           79 
0621          Nursing Assistant                                         31 
0622          Medical Supply Aide and Technician                        13 
0630          Dietitian and Nutritionist                                10 
0638          Recreation/Creative Arts Therapist                        11 
0640          Health Aid and Technician                                108 
0644          Medical Technologist                                      33 
0645          Medical Technician                                         7 
0647          Diagnostic Radiology Technologist                         26 
0649          Medical Instrument Technician                              8 
0650          Medical Technical Assistant                                2 
0651          Respiratory Therapist                                      2 
0660          Pharmacist                                                12 
0661          Pharmacy Technician                                       34 
0667          Orthotist and Prosthetist                                  1 
0669          Medical Records Administration                            42 
0670          Health System Administration                             108 
0671          Health System Specialist                                  75 
0673          Hospital Housekeeping Management                           7 
0675          Medical Record Technician                                202 
0679          Medical Support Assistance                                21 
0680          Dental Officer                                            37 
0681          Dental Assistant                                          34 
0682          Dental Hygiene                                            17 
0683          Dental Laboratory Aid and Technician                       1 
0690          Industrial Hygiene                                         1 
0802          Engineering Technician                                    78 
0808          Architecture                                               1 

OPM                                                              Number of 
job series    Job titles                                              LEOs 
0809          Construction Control                                      75 
0856          Electronics Technician                                   231 
0858          Biomedical Engineering                                     2 
0895          Industrial Engineer Technician                             2 
0896          Industrial Engineering                                     3 
0905          General Attorney                                          89 
0950          Paralegal Specialist                                      33 
0963          Legal Instruments Examining                              236 
0986          Legal Assistance                                          13 
1035          Public Affairs                                             4 
1040          Language Specialist                                        3 
1082          Writing & Editing                                          1 
1101          General Business and Industry                            193 
1102          Contracting                                              264 
1103          Industrial Property Management                             1 
1104          Property Disposal                                          1 
1105          Purchasing                                                 6 
1106          Procurement Clerical and Technician                        1 
1150          Industrial Specialist                                     54 
1152          Production Control                                        34 
1176          Building Management                                        1 
1411          Library Technician                                         3 
1601          General Facilities and Equipment                          14 
1603          Equipment, Facilities, Services Assistance               160 
1640          Facility Management                                      123 
1654          Printing Management                                        1 
1658          Laundry and Dry Cleaning Plant Management                 94 
1667          Steward                                                  197 
1670          Equipment Specialist                                       4 
1701          General Education and Training                           126 
1702          Education and Training Technician                         99 
1710          Education and Vocational Training                        598 
1712          Training Instruction                                     150 
1715          Vocational Rehabilitation                                  2 
1720          Education Program                                          4 
1740          Education Services                                         6 

OPM                                                              Number of 
job series   Job titles                                               LEOs 
1910         Quality Assurance                                          67 
2001         General Supply                                              1 
2003         Supply Program Management                                   2 
2005         Supply Clerical and Technician                              2 
2010         Inventory Management                                       94 
2030         Distribution Facilities and Storage Management             14 
2101         Transportation Specialist                                   2 
2130         Traffic Management                                          1 
2210         Information Technology Management                         315 
2604         Electronics Mechanic                                        2 
2805         Electrician                                               188 
2854         Electrical Equipment Repairing                             84 
3105         Fabric Working                                            126 
3106         Upholstering                                               24 
3414         Machining                                                  17 
3416         Toolmaking                                                  9 
3603         Masonry                                                     8 
3703         Welding                                                    31 
3801         Metal Worker                                               10 
3806         Sheet Metal Mechanic                                       15 
3809         Mobile Equipment Metal Mechanic                             1 
3869         Metal Forming Machine Operating                            17 
4010         Prescription Eyeglass Making                                1 
4102         Painting                                                   43 
4204         Pipefitting                                                46 
4206         Plumbing                                                  128 
4352         Plastic Fabricating                                        12 
4402         Bindery Working                                             5 
4414         Offset Photography                                          3 
4417         Offset Press Operating                                      8 
4419         Silk Screen Making and Printing                             9 
4601         Woodworking Machine Operator                               84 
4607         Carpentry                                                  24 
4742         Utility Systems Repairing                                 326 
4749         Maintenance Mechanic                                      669 
4805         Medical Equipment Repairing                                 1 

OPM                                                              Number of 
job series   Job titles                                               LEOs 
5002         Farming                                                     5 
5003         Gardening                                                  64 
5034         Dairy Farming                                               7 
5301         Sewing Machine Repairer (Industrial Equipment)              4 
5306         Air Conditioning Equipment Mechanic                       180 
5350         Production Machinery Mechanic                               9 
5408         Wastewater Treatment Plant Operating                       13 
5409         Water Treatment Plant Operating                             3 
5439         Testing Equipment Operating                                 1 
5446         Textile Equipment Operating                                 9 
5803         Heavy Mobile Equipment Mechanic                             3 
5823         Automotive Mechanic                                       148 
6907         Material Handler                                          840 
7002         Packing                                                     5 
7304         Laundry Worker                                              5 
7305         Laundry Machine Operating                                  68 
7404         Cook                                                    1,185 
                Total                                                  34,200 

          Source: Federal civilian component responses to GAO surveys.

Appendix X: GAO Contact and Staff Acknowledgments

GAO Contact

Eileen Regen Larence (202) 512-8777

Acknowledgments

The following teams and individuals made key contributors to this report:

Amy Bernstein, Orlando Copeland, Bill Crocker, Sam Hinojosa, Su Jin Yon,
Homeland Security and Justice; David Alexander, Alice Feldesman,
Evan Gilman, Matt Michaels, Lynn Milan, John Mingus, Applied Research
& Methodology; Jan B. Montgomery, Geoffrey Hamilton, General Counsel;
Tina Cheng, Richard Lowden, Product Assistance Group.

(440485)

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