[Federal Register Volume 87, Number 187 (Wednesday, September 28, 2022)]
[Notices]
[Pages 58905-58909]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2022-21037]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

[Docket No. DOT-NHTSA-2922-0049]


Agency Information Collection Activities; Notice and Request for 
Comment; Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS), Non-Traffic Surveillance 
(NTS) and Special Studies Data Collection

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notice and request for comments on a request for extension with 
modification of a currently approved information collection.

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SUMMARY: NHTSA invites public comments about our intention to request 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for an extension with 
modification of a currently approved information collection. Before a 
federal agency can collect certain information from the public, it must 
receive approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). Under 
procedures established by the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, before 
seeking OMB approval, Federal agencies must solicit public comment on 
proposed collections of information, including extensions and 
reinstatement of previously approved collections. This document 
describes collections of information for which NHTSA intends to seek 
OMB approval that collect for NHTSA's Crash Report Sampling System 
(CRSS), Non-Traffic Surveillance (NTS), and special studies.

DATES: Written comments should be submitted by November 28, 2022.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments [identified by Docket No. DOT-NHTSA-
20XX-XXXX] through one of the following methods:
      Electronic Submissions: Go to the Federal eRulemaking 
Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online instructions for 
submitting comments.
     Fax:1-202-493-2251
     Mail or Hand Delivery: Docket Management Facility, U.S. 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building, 
Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday 
through Friday, except on Federal holidays. To be sure someone is there 
to help you, please call (202) 366-9322 before coming.
    Instructions: All submissions must include the agency name and 
docket number for this notice. Note that all comments received will be 
posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any 
personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading 
below.
    Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all 
comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit https://www.transportation.gov/privacy.
    Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or 
comments received, go to http://www.regulations.gov or the street 
address listed above. Follow the online instructions for accessing the 
dockets via internet.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For additional information or access 
to background documents, contact Jonae S. Anderson, Office of Data 
Acquisition (NSA-120), Room W53-470. (202) 366-1028, 1200 New Jersey 
Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590, Please identify the relevant 
collection of information by referring to its OMB Control Number.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), before an agency submits a proposed 
collection of information to OMB for approval, it must first publish a 
document in the Federal Register providing a 60-day comment period and 
otherwise consult with members of the public and affected agencies 
concerning each proposed collection of information. The OMB has 
promulgated regulations describing what must be included in such a 
document. Under OMB's regulation (at 5CFR 1320.8(d), an agency must ask 
for public comment on the following: (a) whether the proposed 
collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of 
the functions of the agency, including whether the information will 
have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of 
the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the 
validity of the methodology and assumptions used; (c) how to enhance 
the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; 
and (d) how to minimize the burden of the collection of information on 
those who are to respond, including the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology, e.g. permitting electronic 
submission of responses.
    In compliance with these requirements, NHTSA asks for public 
comments on the following proposed collections of information for which 
the agency is seeking approval from OMB.
    Title: Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS), Non-Traffic 
Surveillance System (NTS), and Special Studies.
    OMB Control Number: 2127-0714.
    Form Number(s): N/A.
    Type of Request: Revision of a currently approved collection of 
information.
    Type of Review Requested: Regular.
    Requested Expiration Date of Approval: 3 years from date of 
approval.
    Summary of the Collection of Information: NHTSA is authorized by 49 
U.S.C. 30182 and 23 U.S.C. 403 to collect data on motor vehicle traffic 
crashes to aid in the identification of issues and the development, 
implementation, and evaluation of motor vehicle and highway safety 
countermeasures to reduce fatalities and the property damage associated 
with motor vehicle crashes. Using this authority, NHTSA established the 
Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS), CRSS related Special Studies and 
the Non-Traffic Surveillance (NTS). Through these efforts, NHTSA 
collects data on motor vehicle crashes, including crashes involving 
injuries and fatalities, property damage only crashes, as well

[[Page 58906]]

as non-traffic crashes that involve injuries and fatalities. NHTSA uses 
information from these data collections to support NHTSA's mission to 
save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce economic losses resulting from 
motor vehicle crashes.
    Since late 1970s, NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and 
Analysis (NCSA) has utilized a multidisciplinary approach to meet the 
data needs of our end users that leverages an efficient combination of 
census, sample-based, and existing State files to provide information 
on traffic crashes on a timely basis. Beginning in 2016, the CRSS has 
been used to identify highway safety problem areas and provide general 
data trends. The Non-Traffic Surveillance System (NTS) provides data 
regarding fatalities and injuries that occur in non-traffic crashes and 
non-crash incidents.
    CRSS obtains data from a nationally representative probability 
sample selected from police reported motor vehicle traffic crashes. 
Specifically, CRSS collects data on crashes involving at least one 
motor vehicle in transport on a trafficway that resulted in property 
damage, injury or a fatality will be included in the CRSS sample. The 
crash reports sampled will be chosen from selected areas that reflect 
the geography, population, miles driven, and the number of crashes in 
the United States. No additional data beyond the selected crash reports 
will be collected. Once the crash reports are received, they will be 
coded and the data will be entered into the CRSS Records Based 
Information Solution (RBIS), the repository for CRSS cases and 
reporting tools.
    CRSS will acquire nationally representative information on 
fatalities, injuries and property damage directly from existing State 
police crash reports. The user population includes Federal and State 
agencies, automobile manufacturers, insurance companies, and the 
private sector. Annual changes in the sample parameters are minor in 
terms of operation and method of data collection, and do not affect the 
reporting burden on respondents.
    The Non-Traffic Surveillance (NTS) is a data collection effort for 
collecting information about counts and details regarding fatalities 
and injuries that occur in non-traffic crashes and non-crash incidents. 
Non-traffic crashes are crashes that occur off a public trafficway 
(e.g., private roads, parking lots, or driveways), and non-crash 
incidents are incidents involving motor vehicles but do not involve a 
crash scenario, such as carbon monoxide poisoning and hypo/
hyperthermia. NTS non-traffic crash data are obtained through NHTSA's 
data collection efforts for the Crash Report Sampling System (CRSS), 
the Crash Investigation Sampling System (CISS),\1\ and the Fatality 
Analysis Reporting System (FARS) \2\. NTS also includes data outside of 
NHTSA's own data collections. NTS' non-crash injury data is based upon 
emergency department records from a special study conducted by the 
Consumer Product Safety Commission's National Electronic Injury 
Surveillance System (NEISS) All Injury Program. NTS non-crash fatality 
data is derived from death certificate information from the Centers for 
Disease Control's National Vital Statistics System.
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    \1\ NHTSA's information collection for CISS is covered by the 
ICR with OMB Control No. 2127-0706.
    \2\ NHTSA's information collection for FARS is covered by the 
ICR with OMB Control No. 2127-0006.
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    For the NTS data collection this notice only discusses for the non-
traffic crash portion that is collected using methods for the CRSS data 
collection. The non-traffic crash data that feed into NTS from the FARS 
and CISS data collection efforts are covered under information 
collection clearances for those data collection efforts. This is done 
because the data is collected differently under each of NHTSA's three 
data collection efforts. During the CRSS and CISS sampling process, NTS 
applicable crashes will be chosen from the same sample sites. The FARS 
data collection effort uncovers NTS applicable reports received from 
the State during their normal data collection activities for FARS. 
Therefore, the burden for NTS is included in each study's calculation. 
No additional data will be collected beyond the NTS applicable reports. 
Once the crash reports are received, each case will be coded and 
entered into the NTS RBIS application. NHTSA uses NTS data to estimate 
fatalities and injuries in non-traffic crashes, which are crashes which 
occur off the trafficways such as nonpublic roads, driveways, and 
parking lots.
    In addition to CRSS data collection, NHTSA may require special 
studies to further analyze motor vehicle crashes in the CRSS 
jurisdictions. One type of special study is the collection of data from 
the non-sampled crashes from CRSS Police Jurisdictions (PJs) by the 
crash report Strata, NTS applicable, or out of scope, to help assess 
the accuracy of the PJ frame. Non-sample PJs are defined as PJs that 
investigate motor vehicle crashes within the CRSS PSU boundaries but 
are not sampled through the CRSS study.
    Another special study NHTSA may require is the CRSS PJ frame 
evaluation. The PJ frame is constantly changing: new PJs start 
operating, existing PJs are closed, multiple PJs are merged into one 
PJ, or one PJ splits into multiple PJs. The current CRSS PJ sample was 
selected from the 2016 PJ frame and the PJ weights were calculated 
accordingly. If the PJ frame has changed dramatically from the 2016 PJ 
frame, the CRSS PJ weights are no longer correct and the CRSS estimates 
may be biased. To prevent this, NHTSA needs to evaluate the current PJ 
frame to identify all PJs that currently generate PCRs for the sampled 
non-Electronic Data Transfer (EDT) PSUs and collect 6 crash counts 
(total crashes, fatal crashes, injury crashes, pedestrian crashes, 
motorcycle crashes, and commercial motor vehicle crashes). The EDT is 
the nightly transfer of crash data. EDT PSUs have been collapsed into 
one PJ and sample crash reports throughout the county. Thus, the 
concern of completeness of the PJ frame in EDT PSUs, isn't an issue. 
Additionally, this study is different from the non-sample count special 
study, because the six crash counts are unrelated to CRSS or NTS 
applicability. These crash counts will be used as PJ measurement of 
size for PJ sample selection or PJ weight adjustment if needed.
    NHTSA is seeking approval to modify the existing information 
collection to (a) reduce the burden hour estimates for CRSS information 
collection to account for previous inflated estimates and current 
efficiencies and (b) add the non-sampled Special Study into this 
package. The combined impact is an increase of 7,000 burden hours to 
NHTSA's overall total.

Description of the Need for the Information and Proposed Use of the 
Information

    NHTSA's mission is to save lives, prevent injuries, and reduce 
economic losses resulting from motor vehicle crashes. In order to 
accomplish this mission, NHTSA needs high-quality data on motor vehicle 
crashes. The CRSS supports this mission by providing the agency with 
vital information about a nationally representative sample involving 
motor vehicle traffic crashes that occur on our nation's roadways.
    CRSS data is used extensively by all the NHTSA program and research 
offices, other DOT modes, States, and local jurisdictions. The highway 
research community uses the CRSS data for trend analysis, problem 
identification, and program evaluation. Congress uses the CRSS data for 
making

[[Page 58907]]

decisions concerning safety programs. The CRSS data is made publicly 
available to anyone interested in highway safety.
    The NTS is a Congressionally mandated data collection effort, which 
provides counts and details regarding injuries and fatalities that 
occur in non-traffic crashes and in non-crash incidents. NTS annual 
data is used to produce estimates for injuries and fatalities in non-
traffic crashes. The NTS data is also made publicly available for 
highway safety research purposes.
    The special studies such as the non-sample count and PJ frame 
evaluation are critical to assessing the quality of the PJ frame of the 
CRSS PSUs to determine PJ weights and measure of size for the CRSS PJ 
sample selection. Without the special studies, NHTSA may fail to 
accurately assess the national crash picture by missing pertinent crash 
data.
    Affected Public: Various Police Jurisdiction and State Agencies.
    Local police jurisdictions (PJs) and State agencies that collect 
and maintain central databases of motor vehicle crashes partner with 
NHTSA to provide access to crash reports for the CRSS sample sites on a 
routine basis. CRSS collects data from sampled police jurisdictions in 
order to collect a nationally representative sample. However, because 
CRSS only collects information from police crash reports for many 
jurisdictions, NHTSA is able to collect the data directly from the 
States. This is because States have been moving toward more electronic 
and centralized data collection systems.
    Estimated Number of Respondents: NHTSA estimates that approximately 
28 States and 44 police jurisdictions will provide crash data to 
support CRSS in each of the next three years. Because the portion of 
NTS data that comes from the CRSS data collection relies on the CRSS 
data collection methodologies, NHTSA estimates that the same 72 
respondents will also provide data to NHTSA through the CRSS data 
collection effort. The estimated number of respondents for the non-
sample count special study is approximately 136 PJs. The estimated 
number of respondents for the PJ frame evaluation is approximately 
1,248 PJs.
    Frequency: Varies. The frequency of providing crash reports is 
established by the local PJs and state agencies. Typically, weekly, or 
bi-weekly access to crash reports is provided.
    Estimated Number of Responses Annually: NHTSA estimates 677,005 
crash reports, which includes both the CRSS and NTS crashes from the 
sample PJs. However, of the 677,005 crashes, it is estimated that 3,000 
of those will be NTS applicable crashes and thus remainder could be 
CRSS applicable crashes is 674,005. Additionally, it is estimated that 
the non-sample special studies will generate 247,110 crashes from the 
non-sample PJs. The number of crashes for the PJ frame evaluation will 
be estimated at the total of crash reports generated from combining the 
sample and non-sample PJs to derive the six crash counts. Thus, the 
number of generated crash reports estimated is 677,005 + 247,110 = 
1,410,551 crashes.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Estimated
                           Study                              number of
                                                               crashes
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CRSS.......................................................      674,005
NTS........................................................        3,000
Non-Sample Special Study...................................      247,100
PJ Frame Evaluation Special Study..........................    1,410,551
                                                            ------------
    Grand Total............................................    1,410,551
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 42,680 Hours.
    Within the 30 States or 60 CRSS Primary Sampling Units (PSUs) there 
are Police Jurisdictions (PJs), from which a CRSS sampler must obtain 
crash reports for listing, categorization, and sampling. Currently, 50 
PSUs provide NHTSA data electronically--through EDT, State website 
access, or web service portal. For one State, the crash reports are 
obtained through EDT and manually since not all crashes are reported 
through EDT. Therefore, NHTSA counted that state more than once due to 
the crash report acquisition method. However, there is a total of 10 
PSUs, or 21 local PJs, where crash reports collection is conducted in 
the field using a combination of electronic and manual methods as 
dictated by the sample PJ's crash report collection methods. These PJs 
required field samplers which incur an increased burden due to the 
labor-intensive administrative practices and privacy protections 
associated with manually accessing the crash reports. The total 
respondents doesn't equal to 30 States or 60 PSUs, due to the variation 
in accessing crash reports throughout the sample.
    The annual burden estimate detailed in Table 1 is produced by 
identifying the crash report access method for each PSU and PJ and 
assigning the appropriate burden hours for that method as outlined 
below.
     EDT Maintenance--For PSUs providing crash report through 
EDT, the burden is estimated at 5 hours annually. This accounts for 
yearly updates to programming needed to successfully transmit data, 
such as updating data structures if new data elements are added or any 
changes to the state made to their crash report and/or databases.
     State Website--User Access Only: For PSUs providing crash 
reports via a state repository/website or database, the burden is 
estimated at 10 hours annually. This represents time to process user 
account requests, establish credentials, and routine maintenance of the 
State's data repositories.
     State Website--User Access and Additional Administrative 
Functions: For PSUs providing crash reports directly to NHTSA via web 
service or where the State employees provide user access accounts in 
addition to regularly searches for crash reports, compiles the lists of 
crashes to send to NHTSA monthly, the burden is estimated at 60 hours 
annually. This represents implementation, data transfer monitoring, and 
communications with NHTSA and its contractors.
     For PSUs providing crash reports to NHTSA via manual crash 
report access methods (i.e., weekly physical visits to a PJ, copying 
crash reports and mailing them, and searching for recently completed 
crash reports and uploading crash reports to secure email links), the 
burden is estimated at 470 hours annually. This represents--but is not 
limited to--maintaining a law enforcement presence while the crash 
reports are being reviewed, and/or providing resources to the CRSS 
sampler in order to access the crash reports. This is the most labor 
extensive access type due to the administrative burden and the 
additional processes required to protect PII. Other local police 
jurisdictions may photocopy crash reports and FedEx to the contractors 
or download electronic crash reports to submit electronically via 
secure email or thumb drive monthly.

[[Page 58908]]



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                                                                                  Number of
                                                                Hours per    respondents--police
                       Access method                          jurisdiction    jurisdiction  (PJ)    Total hours
                                                                                  or states
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EDT (Maintenance)..........................................               5                 14                70
State Website (user access only)...........................              10                 11               110
State Website (user access and additional administrative                 60                  2               120
 functions)................................................
Web Service (user access and States query and compile info)              60                  1                60
Mixed Manual...............................................             470                 44            20,680
                                                            ----------------------------------------------------
    Grand Total............................................  ..............                 72            21,040
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    On an ad-hoc basis, NHTSA requests a non-sample count special study 
to assess the Police Jurisdiction (PJ) frame. The non-sample count and 
the PJ Frame evaluation studies are critical to assessing the quality 
of the PJ frame of the CRSS PSUs to determine PJ weights and measure of 
size for the CRSS PJ sample selection. Without the special studies, 
NHTSA may fail to accurately assess the national crash picture by 
missing pertinent crash data.
    Number of Respondents: 136 (Non-Sample Count Special Study).
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 21,307 (Non-Sample Count 
Special Study).
    The burden calculation for the non-sample count special study is 
difficult to determine. Each burden calculation is associated with the 
agreed upon crash report access method for sample sites. For non-sample 
PJs we have no established relationship nor is it known which type of 
access to crash report is feasible. Most importantly, non-sample count 
special studies are conducted on an ad-hoc basis and not implemented 
every year. Table 2 illustrates non-sample counts by access method in 
the state for sample sites.
    EDT has been removed from the table because CRSS samples from the 
entire county, there is no distinction between the non-sample and 
sample PJs. This is an added benefit to EDT implementation as we get an 
accurate assessment of the PSU frame by CRSS strata. State websites 
with user access have non-sample PJs however, there is no added burden 
because the initial access granted is at the state level. State website 
with user access and additional administrative functions provide NHTSA 
data at the county level, which includes both sample and non-sample 
PJs, thus there is no additional burden to the state. Webservice 
agreements also provide data at the county level, thus there is no 
additional burden to the state. States noted as having manual methods 
only account for the sample PJs. Without established cooperation, NHTSA 
can't forecast individual PJs access methods for the purposes of the 
burden calculation. Thus, the maximum burden for the non-sample count 
special study's estimated burden is 21,307 with the possibility of 
reduction with cooperative agreements finalized.

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                                                                                  Number of
                                                                Hours per    respondents--police
                       Access method                          jurisdiction    jurisdiction  (PJ)    Total hours
                                                                                  or states
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State Website (user access only)...........................              10                  0                 0
State Website (user access and additional administrative                 60                  0                 0
 functions)................................................
Web Service (user access and States query and compile info)              60                  0                 0
Manual.....................................................             470                136     * 21,307 (470
                                                                                                          136/3)
                                                            ----------------------------------------------------
    Grand Total............................................  ..............                136            21,307
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    Number of Respondents: 1,248 (PJ Frame Evaluation Special Study).
    Estimated Total Annual Burden Hours: 333 (PJ Frame Evaluation 
Special Study).
    The activities associated with PJ frame evaluation special study 
include identifying the in-scope PJs and contacting the in-scope PJs 
for the 6 crash counts. NHTSA estimates there are total 40 non-EDT PSUs 
and about 1,248 PJs in those non-EDT PSUs. NHTSA estimates it would 
about 1 minute per PJ to confirm if any changes to the PJ since the 
2016. NHTSA anticipates approximately 15 minutes (0.25 hours) for each 
PJ to prepare the 6 crash counts. NHTSA estimates the total number of 
hours of response burden is about 333 hours.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                     Number of
                                                                                    respondents
              PJ frame evaluation                    Hours per jurisdiction        jurisdiction     Total hours
                                                                                       (PJ)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Manual........................................  16 Minutes......................           1,248    * 333 (16/60
                                                                                                          1,248)
                                                                                 -------------------------------
    Grand Total...............................  ................................           1,248             333
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This hourly burden was calculated using the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics' mean hourly wage estimate for Court, Municipal, and License 
Clerks (Standard Occupational Classification

[[Page 58909]]

#43-4031) \3\ from May 2021 of $21.57. Therefore, NHTSA estimates the 
hourly wage associated with the estimated 21,040 burden hours to be 
$453,832.80 (21,040 hours x $21.57 per hour). This is a reduction of 
the previously reported burden of 35,680 labor hours and estimated 
costs of $705,036.80. The efficiencies with the increased 
implementation of the EDT and better understanding of local and state 
crash repositories contribute to the reduction in burden labor hours 
and subsequent costs. The Bureau of Labor Statistics estimates that for 
State and local government workers, wages represent 54.96% of total 
compensation.\4\ Therefore, the total cost of burden associated with 
this collection is estimated to be $825,751.09 ($453,832.80/.5496).
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    \3\ See May 2021 National Industry-Specific Occupational 
Employment and Wage Estimates, 43-4031--Court, Municipal, and 
License Clerks, available at https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes434031.htm (accessed May 18, 2022).
    \4\ See Table 1. Employer Costs for Employee Compensation by 
ownership (Dec. 2021), available at https://www.bls.gov/news.release/ecec.t01.htm (accessed May 18, 2022).
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    The total burden hours are presented in the table below but 
described for each study.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Total
                            Study                                burden
                                                                 hours
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CRSS.........................................................     21,040
NTS..........................................................          0
Non-Sample Special Study.....................................     21,307
PJ Frame Evaluation Special Study............................        333
                                                              ----------
    Grand Total..............................................     42,680
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Estimated Total Annual Burden Cost: $0.
    NHTSA estimates that there are no costs associated with this 
information collection other than labor costs associated with burden 
hours. This is a drastic decrease from the $1.7 M from when NHTSA last 
sought approval for this information collection. The decrease in costs 
is a result of removing labor costs associated with labor hours that 
were included in response to question 12, but unfortunately were 
incorrect.
    Public Comments Invited: You are asked to comment on any aspect of 
this information collection, including (a) Whether the proposed 
collection of information is necessary for the Department's 
performance; (b) the accuracy of the estimated burden; (c) ways for the 
Department to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the 
information collection; and (d) ways that the burden could be minimized 
without reducing the quality of the collected information. The agency 
will summarize and/or include your comments in the request for OMB's 
clearance of this information collection. You are asked to comment on 
any aspects of this information collection, including (a) whether the 
proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper 
performance of the functions of the Department, including whether the 
information will have practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the 
Department's estimate of the burden of the proposed information 
collection; (c) ways to enhance the quality, utility and clarity of the 
information to be collected; and (d) ways to minimize the burden of the 
collection of information on respondents, including the use of 
automated collection techniques or other forms of information 
technology.
    Authority: The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995; 44 U.S.C. Chapter 
35, as amended; 49 CFR 1.49; and DOT Order 1351.29A.

Chou Lin Chen,
Associate Administrator, National Center for Statistics and Analysis.
[FR Doc. 2022-21037 Filed 9-27-22; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4910-59-P