[Federal Register Volume 86, Number 105 (Thursday, June 3, 2021)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 29694-29698]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2021-11636]



40 CFR Part 180

[EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626; EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0082; and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345; 

Difenoconazole; Pesticide Tolerances

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.


SUMMARY: This regulation establishes tolerances for residues of 
difenoconazole in or on olive; olive, with pit; pepper, black; and 
persimmon, Japanese. Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC. and the American 
Spice Trade Association, Inc. requested these tolerances under the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA).

DATES: This regulation is effective June 3, 2021. Objections and 
requests for hearings must be received on or before August 2, 2021, and 
must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR 
part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION).

ADDRESSES: The dockets for these actions, identified by docket 
identification (ID) numbers EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0082, 
and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345, are available at http://www.regulations.gov 
or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory Public Docket (OPP 
Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency Docket Center (EPA/DC), 
West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 1301 Constitution Ave. 
NW, Washington, DC 20460-0001. The Public Reading Room is open from 
8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal 
holidays. The telephone number for the Public Reading Room is (202) 
566-1744, and the telephone number for the OPP Docket is (703) 305-
    Due to the public health concerns related to COVID-19, the EPA 
Docket Center (EPA/DC) and Reading Room is closed to visitors with 
limited exceptions. The staff continues to provide remote customer 
service via email, phone, and webform. For the latest status 
information on EPA/DC services and docket access, visit https://www.epa.gov/dockets.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Marietta Echeverria, Registration 
Division (7505P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental 
Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460-
0001; main telephone number: (703) 305-7090; email address: 
[email protected].


I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

    You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an 
agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. 
The following list of North American Industrial Classification System 
(NAICS) codes is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a 
guide to help readers determine whether this document applies to them. 
Potentially affected entities may include:
     Crop production (NAICS code 111).
     Animal production (NAICS code 112).
     Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311).
     Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532).

B. How can I get electronic access to other related information?

    You may access a frequently updated electronic version of EPA's 
tolerance regulations at 40 CFR part 180 through the Government 
Publishing Office's e-CFR site at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?&c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40tab_02.tpl.

C. How can I file an objection or hearing request?

    Under FFDCA section 408(g), 21 U.S.C. 346a(g), any person may file 
an objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a 
hearing on those objections. You must file your objection or request a 
hearing on this regulation in accordance with the instructions provided 
in 40 CFR part 178. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify 
docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0082, and/or 
EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345 in the subject line on the first page of your 
submission. All objections and requests for a hearing must be in 
writing and must be received by the Hearing Clerk on or before August 
2, 2021. Addresses for mail and hand delivery of objections and hearing 
requests are provided in 40 CFR 178.25(b).
    In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the 
Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of 
the filing (excluding any Confidential Business Information (CBI)) for 
inclusion in the public docket. Information not marked confidential 
pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA without 
prior notice. Submit the non-CBI copy of your objection or hearing 
request, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-
OPP-2020-0082, and/or EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345, by one of the following 
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Do not submit 
electronically any information you consider to be CBI or other 
information whose disclosure is restricted by statute.
     Mail: OPP Docket, Environmental Protection Agency Docket 
Center (EPA/DC), (28221T), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 
     Hand Delivery: To make special arrangements for hand 
delivery or delivery of boxed information, please follow the 
instructions at http://www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.html.
    Additional instructions on commenting or visiting the docket, along 
with more information about dockets generally, is available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets.

II. Summary of Petitioned-For Tolerance

    In the Federal Register of February 10, 2020 (85 FR 7499) (FRL-
10004-54) and May 29, 2020 (85 FR 32338) (FRL-10009-84), EPA issued 
documents pursuant to FFDCA section 408(d)(3), 21 U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), 
announcing the filing of pesticide petitions (PP 9E8793 and PP 9E8814) 
by Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC, P.O. Box 18300, Greensboro, NC 27419-
8300. In the Federal Register of September 10, 2020 (85 FR 55810) (FRL-
10013-78), EPA issued documents pursuant to FFDCA section 408(d)(3), 21 
U.S.C. 346a(d)(3), announcing the filing of a pesticide petition (PP 
0E8834) by the American Spice Trade Association, Inc., 1101 17th St. 
NW, Suite 700, Washington, DC 20036. The petitions requested that 40 
CFR 180.475 be

[[Page 29695]]

amended by establishing tolerances for residues of the fungicide 
difenoconazole, in or on persimmon, Japanese at 0.7 parts per million 
(ppm) (9E8793); olive (including oil) at 2 ppm (9E8814); and pepper, 
black at 0.1 ppm (0E8834). Those documents referenced summaries of the 
petitions prepared by Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC, and the American 
Spice Trade Association, Inc., the petitioners, which are available in 
the dockets for these actions, EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-
0082, and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345 at http://www.regulations.gov. Two 
comments were received related to the import tolerance on black pepper. 
EPA's responses to these comments are discussed in Unit IV.B.
    FFDCA section 408(d)(4)(A)(i) permits the Agency to finalize a 
tolerance that varies from that sought by the petition. Based upon 
review of the data supporting the petition, EPA has corrected the 
commodity definition of ``olive (including oil)'' to ``olive'' and 
``olive, with pit'', and the tolerance level set with ``olive'' varies 
from that sought by the petition. The reasons for these changes are 
explained in Unit IV.C.

III. Aggregate Risk Assessment and Determination of Safety

A. Statutory Background

    Section 408(b)(2)(A)(i) of the FFDCA allows EPA to establish a 
tolerance (the legal limit for a pesticide chemical residue in or on a 
food) only if EPA determines that the tolerance is ``safe.'' Section 
408(b)(2)(A)(ii) of FFDCA defines ``safe'' to mean that ``there is a 
reasonable certainty that no harm will result from aggregate exposure 
to the pesticide chemical residue, including all anticipated dietary 
exposures and all other exposures for which there is reliable 
information.'' This includes exposure through drinking water and in 
residential settings, but it does not include occupational exposure. 
Section 408(b)(2)(C) of FFDCA requires EPA to give special 
consideration to exposure of infants and children to the pesticide 
chemical residue in establishing a tolerance and to ``ensure that there 
is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result to infants and 
children from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue. . . 
    Consistent with FFDCA section 408(b)(2)(D), EPA has reviewed the 
available scientific data and other relevant information in support of 
this action. EPA has sufficient data to assess the hazards of 
difenoconazole and to make a determination on aggregate exposure for 
difenoconazole, including exposure resulting from the tolerances 
established by this action. EPA's assessment of exposures and risks 
associated with difenoconazole follows.

B. Difenoconazole Aggregate Risk Assessment

    Information on aggregate risk from difenoconazole is found in the 
``Difenoconazole. Human Health Risk Assessment for the Establishment of 
Tolerances with No U.S. Registrations in/on Japanese Persimmon, Olive, 
and Black Pepper'' in docket ID numbers EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-
OPP-2020-0082, and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345.

C. Toxicological Profile

    EPA has evaluated the available toxicity data and considered its 
validity, completeness, and reliability as well as the relationship of 
the results of the studies to human risk. EPA has also considered 
available information concerning the variability of the sensitivities 
of major identifiable subgroups of consumers, including infants and 
    The liver is the target organ in mice and rats; however, effects 
occur in mice at lower doses and with higher severity than in rats. 
Furthermore, difenoconazole is classified as ``Suggestive Evidence of 
Carcinogenic Potential'' based on liver tumors (adenomas) in male and 
female mice. Apart from the liver effects in rodents, chronic exposure 
in dogs leads to lenticular cataracts.
    In dermal studies, no systemic toxicity was detected in rats or 
male rabbits, while in female rabbits, liver effects occurred at the 
limit dose. Skin hyperkeratosis was detected in rats at the exposure 
site after repeated exposure to the limit dose. Slight skin irritation 
was detected after an acute single dose (Toxicity Category IV). 
Difenoconazole is not a skin sensitizer.
    No quantitative susceptibility in fetus or offspring was seen in 
the database. Neurotoxicity was detected in an acute neurotoxicity 
battery study (decreased fore-limb strength in males only), but not in 
a subchronic neurotoxicity battery study with difenoconazole.
    In an immunotoxicity study in mice, decreased mean immunoglobin M 
levels were detected at dose levels >= 177 mg/kg/day. There is no other 
indication of immunotoxicity in the difenoconazole database.
    Specific information on the studies received and the nature of the 
adverse effects caused by difenoconazole as well as the no-observed-
adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-effect-
level (LOAEL) from the toxicity studies can be found at http://www.regulations.gov in document ``Difenoconazole. Human Health Risk 
Assessment for the Establishment of Tolerances with No U.S. 
Registrations in/on Japanese Persimmon, Olive, and Black Pepper.'' at 
page 20 in docket ID numbers EPA-HQ-OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-
0082, and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345.

D. Toxicological Points of Departure/Levels of Concern

    Once a pesticide's toxicological profile is determined, EPA 
identifies toxicological points of departure (POD) and levels of 
concern to use in evaluating the risk posed by human exposure to the 
pesticide. For hazards that have a threshold below which there is no 
appreciable risk, the toxicological POD is used as the basis for 
derivation of reference values for risk assessment. PODs are developed 
based on a careful analysis of the doses in each toxicological study to 
determine the dose at which no adverse effects are observed (the NOAEL) 
and the lowest dose at which adverse effects of concern are identified 
(the LOAEL). Uncertainty/safety factors are used in conjunction with 
the POD to calculate a safe exposure level--generally referred to as a 
population-adjusted dose (PAD) or a reference dose (RfD)--and a safe 
margin of exposure (MOE). For non-threshold risks, the Agency assumes 
that any amount of exposure will lead to some degree of risk. Thus, the 
Agency estimates risk in terms of the probability of an occurrence of 
the adverse effect expected in a lifetime. For more information on the 
general principles EPA uses in risk characterization and a complete 
description of the risk assessment process, see http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/factsheets/riskassess.htm. A summary of the toxicological 
endpoints for difenoconazole used for the human health risk assessment 
is shown in the risk assessment posted to the dockets.

E. Exposure Assessment

    EPA's chronic dietary (food and drinking water) exposure 
assessments have been updated to include the additional exposure from 
the import tolerances of difenoconazole on olive; olive, with pit; 
pepper, black; and persimmon, Japanese. The exposure assessment used 
tolerance-level residues and default processing factors for all 
processed commodities. The percent crop treated numbers used for the 
chronic dietary assessment vary from what was used in the previous 
assessment and are available in the human health risk assessment posted 
to the dockets.

[[Page 29696]]

    Drinking water exposures are not impacted by the import tolerances 
on olive; olive, with pit; pepper, black; and persimmon, Japanese. The 
estimated drinking water concentrations (EDWCs) of total toxic residues 
(TTR) of difenoconazole can be found in the human health risk 
    Acute dietary (food and drinking water) risks are below the 
Agency's level of concern of 100% of the acute population adjusted dose 
(aPAD): They are 53% of the aPAD for all infants less than 1-year old, 
the population subgroup with the highest exposure estimate. Chronic 
dietary risks are below the Agency's level of concern of 100% of the 
chronic population adjusted dose (cPAD): They are 38% of the cPAD for 
all infants less than 1-year old, the population subgroup with the 
highest exposure estimate.
    For the aggregate risk assessment, exposures to difenoconazole in 
food and drinking water are combined with residential exposures for the 
relevant exposure duration period. Because acute, intermediate-term, or 
long-term residential exposures are not expected, aggregate acute and 
chronic risk is equivalent to the dietary risks, which are below EPA's 
level of concern. Moreover, a separate cancer dietary risk assessment 
was not required since the approach used for chronic dietary exposure 
assessment was found to be adequately protective of all chronic 
toxicity, including carcinogenicity, that could result from exposure to 
difenoconazole. Short-term aggregate risk, which combines chronic 
dietary exposure with the expected residential handler inhalation 
exposures from applications to gardens/ornamentals via hose-end 
sprayer, yields a margin of exposure (MOE) of 5,000, which is not of 
concern because it exceeds EPA's level of concern (MOEs less than or 
equal to 100). Previously the residential exposure assessments for 
difenoconazole included a dermal endpoint; however, that endpoint is no 
longer relevant because the database does not show systemic effects 
after exposure via the dermal route at doses that would be relevant to 
risk assessment.

F. Cumulative Effects From Substances With a Common Mechanism of 

    Section 408(b)(2)(D)(v) of FFDCA requires that, when considering 
whether to establish, modify, or revoke a tolerance, the Agency 
consider ``available information'' concerning the cumulative effects of 
a particular pesticide's residues and ``other substances that have a 
common mechanism of toxicity.''
    Unlike other pesticides for which EPA has followed a cumulative 
risk approach based on a common mechanism of toxicity, EPA has not made 
a common mechanism of toxicity finding as to difenoconazole and any 
other substances, although EPA has previously concluded that there are 
no conclusive data that difenoconazole shares a common mechanism of 
toxicity with other conazole pesticides. Although the conazole 
fungicides (triazoles) produce 1,2,4 triazole and its acid-conjugated 
metabolites (triazolylalanine and triazolylacetic acid), 1,2,4 triazole 
and its acid-conjugated metabolites do not contribute to the toxicity 
of the parent conazole fungicides (triazoles). A separate aggregate 
risk assessment was conducted for 1,2,4 triazole and the conjugated 
triazole metabolites ``Common Triazole Metabolites: Updated Aggregate 
Human Health Risk Assessment to Address the Establishment of a 
Difenoconazole Tolerances with No U.S. Registration for Imported Olive 
and Black Pepper and to include updated Estimated Drinking Water 
Concentrations; DP458929'', dated September, 14, 2020 and it can be 
found at https://www.regulations.gov at docket ID numbers EPA-HQ-OPP-
2019-0626, EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0082, and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345. These new 
tolerances of difenoconazole considered with existing uses of triazole 
compounds do not result in a risk of concern for 1,2,4-triazole and the 
conjugated metabolites. Difenoconazole does not appear to produce any 
other toxic metabolite produced by other substances. For the purposes 
of this action, therefore, EPA has not assumed that difenoconazole has 
a common mechanism of toxicity with other substances. For information 
regarding EPA's efforts to determine which chemicals have a common 
mechanism of toxicity and to evaluate the cumulative effects of such 
chemicals, see EPA's website at https://www.epa.gov/pesticide-science-and-assessing-pesticide-risks/cumulative-assessment-risk-pesticides.

G. Safety Factor for Infants and Children

    There were no changes since the last risk assessment regarding 
prenatal and postnatal sensitivity. The FQPA Safety Factor (SF) is 
still reduced to 1X; however, the safety factor reduction rationale 
section has been modified to:
    i. The toxicity database for difenoconazole is sufficient for a 
full hazard evaluation and is considered adequate to evaluate risks to 
infants and children.
    ii. The only study that showed neurotoxicity is used as the point 
of departure for risk assessment and the effect is well characterized 
with a clear NOAEL and LOAEL. There are signs of neurotoxicity in the 
acute neurotoxicity battery study (decreased fore-limb strength in 
males), but not in the subchronic neurotoxicity battery study, nor in 
any other studies in the database. This risk assessment is protective 
of the observed neurotoxicity effects because they are used to 
establish the point of departure (POD) for the acute oral assessment.
    iii. There is no evidence that difenoconazole results in increased 
quantitative susceptibility in in utero rats or rabbits in the prenatal 
developmental studies or in young rats in the 2-generation reproduction 
study. No fetal effects were detected in rats. Fetal effects in rabbits 
and pup effects in rats occurred at the same doses as maternal effects.
    iv. There are no residual uncertainties identified in the exposure 
databases. The dietary food exposure assessments were performed based 
on tolerance-level residues and 100% CT for the acute assessment while 
the chronic assessment assumed tolerance-level residues, the available 
empirical or HED's 2018 Default Processing Factors, and average percent 
crop treated (PCT) information for some commodities. These assumptions 
will not underestimate dietary exposure to difenoconazole. EPA made 
conservative (protective) assumptions in the ground and surface water 
modeling used to assess exposure to difenoconazole in drinking water. 
EPA used similarly conservative assumptions to assess post-application 
exposure of children. These assessments will not underestimate the 
exposure and risks posed by difenoconazole.

H. Determination of Safety

    Therefore, based on the risk assessments and information described 
above, EPA concludes that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm 
will result to the general population, or to infants and children, from 
aggregate exposure to difenoconazole residues. More detailed 
information about the Agency's analysis can be found in 
``Difenoconazole. Human Health Risk Assessment for the Establishment of 
Tolerances with No U.S. Registrations in/on Japanese Persimmon, Olive, 
and Black Pepper.'' dated March 23, 2021 in docket ID numbers EPA-HQ-
OPP-2019-0626, EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0082, and EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345.

[[Page 29697]]

IV. Other Considerations

A. Analytical Enforcement Methodology

    An adequate tolerance enforcement method, gas chromatography with 
nitrogen-phosphorus detection (GC/NPD) method AG-575B, is available for 
the determination of residues of difenoconazole in/on plant 
commodities. An adequate enforcement method, gas chromatography with 
mass spectrometry detection (GC/MSD) method AG-676A, is also available 
for the determination of residues of difenoconazole per se in/on canola 
and barley commodities. A confirmatory method, GC/MSD method AG-676, is 
also available.
    An adequate tolerance enforcement method, Method REM 147.07b, is 
available for livestock commodities. The method determines residues of 
difenoconazole and CGA-205375 in livestock commodities by liquid 
chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection (LC-MS/MS). 
Adequate confirmatory methods, Method AG-544A and Method REM 147.06, 
are available for the determination of residues of difenoconazole and 
CGA-205375, respectively, in livestock commodities.
    The method may be requested from: Chief, Analytical Chemistry 
Branch, Environmental Science Center, 701 Mapes Rd., Ft. Meade, MD 
20755-5350; telephone number: (410) 305-2905; email address: 
[email protected].

B. International Residue Limits

    In making its tolerance decisions, EPA seeks to harmonize U.S. 
tolerances with international standards whenever possible, consistent 
with U.S. food safety standards and agricultural practices. EPA 
considers the international maximum residue limits (MRLs) established 
by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex), as required by FFDCA 
section 408(b)(4).
    Codex has established MRLs for residues of difenoconazole in/on 
olive commodities using the same data submitted in support of the U.S. 
tolerances with no U.S. registrations. Codex stipulates that residues 
should be expressed on a whole-fruit basis. The U.S. recommended 
tolerance level for olive, with pit (2 ppm) is harmonized with the 
Codex MRL for residues of difenoconazole in/on table olives (2 ppm). In 
addition, a tolerance is being set at 3 ppm on olive, defined in OCSPP 
Guideline 860.1000 as fruits after removal of the stems and pits, which 
is the commodity analyzed for enforcement.
    Codex has not established MRLs for residues of difenoconazole in/on 
pepper, black. MRLs for of difenoconazole in/on peppercorn (black, 
green and white) at 0.3 ppm have been established in the European Union 
(EU). Discussion on why EPA did not harmonize with that tolerance is 
covered in the Responses to Comments section in Unit IV.B.
    A Codex MRL for difenoconazole has been established at 4 ppm in/on 
pome fruit for post-harvest use. Codex includes Japanese persimmon in 
the pome fruit group. The tolerance being set at this time is based on 
late-season foliar use rather than post-harvest use; therefore, the 
tolerances are not the same and harmonization is not possible.

C. Responses to Comments

    EPA received one comment on the docket for difenoconazole in/on 
black pepper (EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345) opposing pesticide residues in 
food, although no substantive information was provided for EPA to take 
into consideration in its safety assessment. The commenter generally 
expressed concern about the potential for exposure to difenoconazole to 
be carcinogenic. EPA has evaluated the available data on 
carcinogenicity and exposure and determined that aggregate exposure to 
difenoconazole will not cause a cancer risk. In addition, the commenter 
expressed concern about fluoride in chemicals; however, difenoconazole 
molecules do not contain any fluoride. The FFDCA authorizes EPA to 
establish tolerances that permit certain levels of pesticide residues 
in or on food when the Agency can determine that such residues are 
safe. EPA has made that determination for the tolerances subject to 
this action, and the commenter provided no information relevant to that 
    A comment from the government of the People's Republic of China 
(P.R. China) was received through the World Trade Organization comment 
process. This comment has been posted to the docket for difenoconazole 
in/on black pepper (EPA-HQ-OPP-2020-0345). It requests that EPA set the 
tolerance on pepper, black at 0.3 ppm to match the current EU 
tolerance. EPA consulted with the registrant regarding the possibility 
to harmonize the tolerance with the EU limit standards. The registrant, 
through its consultant, recommended against harmonizing the tolerance 
with the current EU MRL for residues of difenoconazole in/on black 
pepper (0.3 ppm) based on the following rationale. According to the 
registrant, the current EU MRL is not based on supporting data and is 
of unknown origin. It is expected that any EU MRL not supported by 
data, such as in this case, would be evaluated during the Article 12 EU 
MRL Review Process. If no supporting data are submitted during the 
review process, the EU MRL would be reduced to 0.01 ppm by 2026. The 
Agency notes that it is also possible that the same data that support 
the tolerance with no U.S. registration established in this action (0.1 
ppm) could be submitted as supporting data to the EU and/or Codex, in 
which case future harmonization is possible. In addition, the P.R. 
China comment requests that EPA share the data and reports supporting 
the tolerance. More detailed information about the Agency's analysis 
can be found in the risk assessments posted to docket ID number EPA-HQ-

D. Revisions to Petitioned-For Tolerances

    Although the summary of the petition cited in Unit II of this 
preamble indicated a request for a tolerance on ``olive,'' the actual 
petition sought a tolerance for ``olive (including oil).'' The 
originally requested tolerance of 2 ppm in/on ``olive (including oil)'' 
has been revised to 2 ppm in/on ``olive, with pit'' and 3 ppm in/on 
``olive.'' The commodity definition commonly used in the 40 CFR is 
``olive,'' meaning fruits after removal of the pits, and the 
terminology ``olive, with pit'' is descriptive of the Codex residue 
expression. Use of both terms allows harmonization with Codex while 
also maintaining the way that the commodity is analyzed for enforcement 
in the United States.

V. Conclusion

    Therefore, tolerances are established for residues of 
difenoconazole, in or on olive at 3 ppm; olive, with pit at 2 ppm; 
pepper, black at 0.1 ppm; and persimmon, Japanese at 0.7 ppm.

VI. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    This action establishes tolerances under FFDCA section 408(d) in 
response to a petition submitted to the Agency. The Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) has exempted these types of actions from 
review under Executive Order 12866, entitled ``Regulatory Planning and 
Review'' (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993). Because this action has been 
exempted from review under Executive Order 12866, this action is not 
subject to Executive Order 13211, entitled ``Actions Concerning 
Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or 
Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001) or Executive

[[Page 29698]]

Order 13045, entitled ``Protection of Children from Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997). This 
action does not contain any information collections subject to OMB 
approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501 et 
seq.), nor does it require any special considerations under Executive 
Order 12898, entitled ``Federal Actions to Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations'' (59 FR 
7629, February 16, 1994).
    Since tolerances and exemptions that are established on the basis 
of a petition under FFDCA section 408(d), such as the tolerance in this 
final rule, do not require the issuance of a proposed rule, the 
requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et 
seq.), do not apply.
    This action directly regulates growers, food processors, food 
handlers, and food retailers, not States or tribes, nor does this 
action alter the relationships or distribution of power and 
responsibilities established by Congress in the preemption provisions 
of FFDCA section 408(n)(4). As such, the Agency has determined that 
this action will not have a substantial direct effect on States or 
tribal governments, on the relationship between the National Government 
and the States or tribal governments, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government or between 
the Federal Government and Indian tribes. Thus, the Agency has 
determined that Executive Order 13132, entitled ``Federalism'' (64 FR 
43255, August 10, 1999) and Executive Order 13175, entitled 
``Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 
67249, November 9, 2000) do not apply to this action. In addition, this 
action does not impose any enforceable duty or contain any unfunded 
mandate as described under Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 
(UMRA) (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.).
    This action does not involve any technical standards that would 
require Agency consideration of voluntary consensus standards pursuant 
to section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act (NTTAA) (15 U.S.C. 272 note).

VII. Congressional Review Act

    Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), 
EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required 
information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and 
the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of 
the rule in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' 
as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180

    Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, 
Agricultural commodities, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

    Dated: May 20, 2021.
Marietta Echeverria,
Acting Director, Registration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs.
    Therefore, for the reasons stated in the preamble, EPA is amending 
40 CFR chapter I as follows:


1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371.

2. In Sec.  180.475, amend paragraph (a)(1) by adding alphabetically to 
the table entries for ``Olive \1\''; ``Olive, with pit \1\''; ``Pepper, 
black \1\'' and ``Persimmon, Japanese \1\'' to read as follows:

Sec.  180.475   Difenoconazole; tolerances for residues.

    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *

                                                               Parts per
                          Commodity                             million
                                 * * * *
Olive \1\...................................................           3
Olive, with pit \1\.........................................           2
                                 * * * *
Pepper, black \1\...........................................         0.1
Persimmon, Japanese \1\.....................................         0.7
                                * * * *
\1\ There are no U.S. registrations for these commodities.

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[FR Doc. 2021-11636 Filed 6-2-21; 8:45 am]