[Federal Register Volume 85, Number 58 (Wednesday, March 25, 2020)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 16900-16907]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2020-05589]



48 CFR Parts 812, 813, 852, and 853

RIN 2900-AP58

VA Acquisition Regulation: Acquisition of Commercial Items and 
Simplified Acquisition Procedures

AGENCY: Department of Veterans Affairs.

ACTION: Final rule.


SUMMARY: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending and 
updating its VA Acquisition Regulation (VAAR) in phased increments to 
revise or remove any policy superseded by changes in the Federal 

[[Page 16901]]

Regulation (FAR), to remove procedural guidance internal to VA into the 
VA Acquisition Manual (VAAM), and to incorporate any new agency 
specific regulations or policies. These changes seek to streamline and 
align the VAAR with the FAR and remove outdated and duplicative 
requirements and reduce burden on contractors. The VAAM incorporates 
portions of the removed VAAR as well as other internal agency 
acquisition policy. VA will rewrite certain parts of the VAAR and VAAM, 
and as VAAR parts are rewritten, VA will publish them in the Federal 
Register. In particular, this rulemaking revises the VAAR concerning 
Acquisition of Commercial Items and Simplified Acquisition Procedures, 
and affected parts Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses, and 

DATES: This rule is effective on April 24, 2020.

Procurement Analyst, Procurement Policy and Warrant Management 
Services, 003A2A, 425 I Street NW, Washington, DC 20001, (202) 382-
2787. (This is not a toll-free number.)

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: On January 11, 2018, VA published a proposed 
rule in the Federal Register (83 FR 1321) which announced VA's intent 
to amend regulations for VAAR Case RIN 2900-AP58 (parts 812 and 813). 
VA provided a 60-day comment period for the public to respond to the 
proposed rule and submit comments. The comment period for the proposed 
rule ended on March 12, 2018 and VA received comments from a total of 
five respondents. This rule adopts as a final rule, with changes, the 
proposed rule published in the Federal Register on January 11, 2018.
    This final rule adds language to VAAR part 812 to state that VA's 
Veterans First Contracting Program (VFCP) under VAAR subpart 819.70 
applies to VAAR part 812, Acquisition of Commercial Items; to update a 
list of unique VA solicitation provisions and contract clauses that 
contracting officers can apply to solicitations and contracts for the 
acquisition of commercial items; and to add a new clause on Gray Market 
Items to ensure that new medical equipment and associated services and 
support for VA Medical Centers are purchased from Original Equipment 
Manufacturers (OEM) or their authorized distributors and resellers. In 
VAAR part 813, this final rule adds language to reference the 
applicability of the VFCP in contracts awarded using Simplified 
Acquisition Procedures; to require contracting officers to use the 
Vendor Information Pages (VIP) database to confirm Service-Disabled 
Veteran-Owned Small Business (SDVOSB) and Veteran-Owned Small Business 
(VOSB) status; and to add language in VAAR part 813 that emphasizes 
that contracting officers can use other than competitive procedures 
under specified circumstances when awarding to SDVOSBs and VOSBs. VA 
had proposed removing the language at 813.202, Purchase guidelines, and 
to replace it with proposed text at 813.203, Purchase guidelines, to 
comport with the numbering and arrangement of the FAR. VA is removing 
the current text contained in 813.202 as described in the Technical 
Non-Substantive Changes to the Proposed Rule section.
    This final rule includes changes as a result of public comments, 
minor formatting and/or grammatical edits, as well as Federal Register 
administrative format changes in the amendatory text which result in no 
substantive changes at the affected sections.
    There were five respondents that submitted public comments. There 
were 15 separate comments submitted by these 6 respondents. Because 
there was redundancy in terms of the comments submitted, VA has 
separated the comments and responses into 9 distinct issues and themes 
for clarity. A discussion of the issues raised in the comments as well 
as the changes made to the rule as a result of those comments are 
provided as follows:

1. Positive Feedback on the Proposed Rule

    A respondent commends VA for its thoughtful development of this 
rule and of the agency's overarching goal of revising and streamlining 
the VAAR. They believe that SDVOSBs and VOSBs, as well as VA 
contracting officers, will benefit from the clarity this rulemaking 
provides regarding the applicability of the Veterans First Contracting 
Program policy and VAAR provisions to VA acquisition of commercial 
items. They also commend VA for removing some unnecessary or 
duplicative provisions and for adding a VAAR provision to make clear 
when ``gray market'' items are not permitted.
    VA appreciates the feedback from these commenters on the VA's 
overarching goal to streamline the VAAR. VA is also pleased the 
commenters support overall the revisions to VAAR parts 812 and 813.

2. Clarification of the VA Acquisition of Commercial Items Clauses

    One commenter raised the issue that the proposed provision, 
852.212-70, Provisions Applicable to VA Acquisition of Commercial 
Items, and the clause, 852.212-71, Contract Terms and Conditions 
Applicable to VA Acquisition of Commercial Items, may be confusing and 
proposes that VA consider combining them into one list for clarity and 
    VA has reexamined the proposed clause and provision, and agrees 
that combining the previously proposed separate clause and provision 
into one clause will eliminate unnecessary duplication when it must be 
included in both solicitations and in contracts, BPAs and orders. 
Accordingly, section 812.301 has been amended to reflect the updated 
prescription, numbering and title for the new combined clause, 852.212-
70, Provisions and Clauses Applicable to VA Acquisition of Commercial 
Items, and the renumbered remaining clause originally prescribed in 
this section, now 852.212-71, Gray Market Items. VA has also updated 
the list of unique VA solicitation provisions and contract clauses that 
contracting officers can apply to solicitations and contracts for the 
acquisition of commercial items based on current prescribed provisions 
or clauses and current VA practice.

3. Concerns About Gray Market Items, Pass-Through Entities and High 
Tech Medical Equipment

    A commenter expressed concern with business entities which do not 
possess the clinical and technical knowledge of high tech medical 
equipment and supporting ancillary services and acting as a ``pass-
through'' entity. The commenter expresses concern that such ``pass-
through'' entities will have a negative effect on the delivery of 
quality patient care and services to VA Medical Centers if such 
business entities are allowed to participate in VA procurements. The 
commenter believes that new medical equipment for VA Medical Centers 
should be purchased from an OEM or its authorized dealer, distributor, 
or reseller. The commenter also expressed concern that allowing set-
asides for firms that are not manufacturers (i.e., nonmanufacturers) 
may create potential pass-throughs.
    VA is always concerned with the fidelity and quality of equipment 
purchased to support Veterans healthcare. VA believes the inclusion of 
clause 852.212-71, Gray Market Items, will appropriately address the 
use of authorized Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) distributors or 
resellers. Policy governing the SBA nonmanufacturer rule and 
limitations on subcontracting requirements are covered in the FAR and 
other parts of the VAAR and permit the use of

[[Page 16902]]

businesses that comply with those regulations. We are making no changes 
to this rule based on this comment.

4. Potential Conflicts Between the Proposed Rule, VA's Veterans Small 
Business Regulations at 38 CFR Part 74 and the SBA's Regulations on 
Government Contracting Programs at 13 CFR Part 125

    One commenter provided comments in response to both the proposed 
rule under this case, and proposed changes to VA's Veterans Small 
Business Regulations at 38 CFR part 74, published January 10, 2018 in 
the Federal Register (83 FR 1203). The commenter states that ``a 
Veteran-Owned Small Business (VOSB)/Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned 
Small Business (SDVOSB) must be verified by the VA's Center for 
Verification and Evaluation (CVE) and listed in the Vendor Information 
Pages (VIP) database in order to be eligible for set-aside contract 
awards in the VA. This eligibility continues for 3 years unless there 
are circumstances which require the business to exit the program as 
outlined in 38 CFR 74.21. One of those circumstances is failure to 
maintain its eligibility for program participation. Presumably, when a 
VOSB/SDVOSB finds that it is no longer small for a particular NAICS 
code for which it is registered, it is also no longer eligible to be 
listed in VIP for that NAICS code and will be removed. This appears to 
be in conflict with the Small Business Administration (SBA) policy.''
    VA will not revise VAAR part 812 or 813 based on this comment. 
Title 38 U.S.C. 8127 requires a firm must be listed as verified in the 
VA database to be eligible to receive an award under the VFCP. This 
comment is beyond the scope of this rule as it mostly applies to 
certification and verification requirements under the VA's Veterans 
Small Business Regulations at 38 CFR part 74, published January 10, 
2018 in the Federal Register (83 FR 1203) and which became effective 
October 1, 2018 (83 FR 48221). Note that a new SBA regulation related 
to SDVOSB certification also became effective on the same date. The 
changes in both SBA and VA regulations comply with the directive in the 
National Defense Authorization Act of 2017 (Pub. L. 114-328), section 
1832, to standardize definitions for SDVOSBs and VOSBs between VA and 
SBA. As required by section 1832, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
will use SBA's regulations to determine ownership and control of 
SDVOSBs and VOSBs. The Secretary would continue to determine whether 
individuals are Veterans or service-disabled Veterans and would be 
responsible for verification of applicant firms. Challenges to the 
status of an SDVOSB or VOSB based upon issues of ownership or control 
would be decided by the administrative judges at the SBA's Office of 
Hearings and Appeals (OHA).
    The commenter also provided comments indicating that SDVOSB/VOSB 
verification and representation requirements should not apply to 
orders. The commenter argued that requiring the verification of SDVOSB/
VOSB status at the order level would be in conflict with the SBA 
regulations which do not require verification at the task order level 
for certain types of contracts. The commenter believes that the 
proposed VAAR conflicts with that SBA policy. In effect, the commenter 
submits, that while the SBA rules may allow an SDVOSB that has 
``organically outgrown'' its size to compete for orders under an IDIQ 
for up to 5 years without recertifying its status or size (unless the 
[contracting officer] CO requests it), VA's Veterans First Contracting 
Program requires ``recertification'' within 30 days of a business 
outgrowing its size by removing it from the VIP database (which must be 
checked by the CO prior to task order award). Furthermore, the 
commenter believes that ``it may be argued that the VA rule is 
tantamount to eliminating the CO's discretion to ask for 
recertification at the task order level by requiring the CO to, 
effectively, ask for a recertification for every task order by checking 
VIP''. Another commenter argued the opposite. The second commenter 
believes that VA should revise VAAR 813.003-70 to make clear that the 
Veterans First Contracting Program mandate and the requirement to 
confirm SDVOSB or VOSB status apply to task orders. However, they 
recommend VA follow the SBA guidance on small business representation. 
They also believe that replacing ``prior to award'' with ``at the time 
of award'' would provide more clarity on the specific point of time at 
which VA judges SDVOSB and VOSB eligibility.
    We are unable to make the overall recommended changes due to VA's 
statutory mandate. The Veterans First Contracting Program (VFCP) 
applies to all contracts, BPAs and orders under this part. VA 
legislation is very clear that only small businesses listed in the VA 
database of eligible firms (the Vendor Information Pages or VIP) can be 
awarded a contract under the VFCP. The Supreme Court confirmed this 
requirement and issued a decision in 2016 that for purposes of the 
program, an order is a contract. Therefore, verifying VIP eligibility 
shall occur both at the time of submission of offers and prior to award 
for contracts and orders is consistent with the current VAAR 819.7003 
class deviation issued on July 25, 2016. A future VAAR case for part 
819 will further examine the issue of ``prior to award'' or ``at time 
of award.''

5. Use of the Veterans First Contracting Program (38 U.S.C. 8127-8128) 
as an Authority for the Proposed Rule

    One of the commenters objected to the use of 38 U.S.C. 8127-8128 as 
an authority citation in parts 812 and 813. The commenter requested an 
explanation to why this specific statute is included in a document that 
explicitly excludes internal guidance on processes and procedures. The 
commenter believes it is inappropriate to include the statute by 
reference at a time when many questions regarding guidance, 
applicability, and impact are unanswered.
    We are making no change to VAAR part 812 or 813 based on this 
comment. The inclusion of the authority is appropriate because many of 
the issues addressed in these parts are based on the unique and special 
requirements imposed by legislation and statute and make it necessary 
to include the referenced citation.

6. Applicability of the Veterans First Contracting Program in the 
Proposed Rule

    A commenter indicated that the proposed policy at VAAR 813.003-70 
references contracts as defined in FAR 2.101, but does not explicitly 
reference task orders. To avoid confusion, the commenter recommends 
that VA revise VAAR 813.003-70(a) to include a reference to orders.
    VA notes that orders are part of the definition of contracts as set 
forth in FAR 2.101, Definitions. However, to ensure clarity to the 
specific types of actions covered under VAAR part 813, we are revising 
813.003-70, Policy, to indicate that the VFCP applies to contracts, 
orders and BPAs under this part. We also added a reference to FAR part 
13 to indicate that the VFCP takes precedence over the small business 
programs referenced in FAR part 13, and references to 819 which 
includes additional information regarding compliance with the VFCP.
    One commenter requested that VA include the use of a fixed 
percentage figure to define ``fair and reasonable'' in the context of 
the VA Rule of Two. They also believe that the nonmanufacturer rule 
should be waived to allow Veteran small businesses the ability to 

[[Page 16903]]

    We are making no change to VAAR part 812 or 813 based on this 
comment. How to conduct a price analysis and establishing a fair and 
reasonable price is already addressed in the FAR. Specifically, FAR 
subpart 15.4, Contract Pricing, provides guidance to contracting 
officers to assist in making a fair and reasonable determination. 
Additional internal agency guidance would be contained in the VA 
Acquisition Manual. However, VA acknowledges this is an area of 
interest for the public as well as VA's acquisition workforce. VA is 
preparing additional internal training for its acquisition workforce to 
strengthen and refresh contracting officer's skillsets in this area.
    Regarding the nonmanufacturer rule and Veteran small businesses, VA 
will continue to comply with SBA regulations. VA legislation requires 
VA to use the small business definitions and requirements in the Small 
Business Act, where not in conflict with VA's unique statutory 
authority and 38 U.S.C. 8127-8128. This includes the application of the 
nonmanufacturers rule. The nonmanufacturer rule is a requirement in the 
Small Business Act as implemented by the SBA under 13 CFR 121.401 
through 121.413 and applies to all Federal procurement programs for 
which status as a small business is required or advantageous.
    A commenter applauds VA for addressing the SDVOSB/VOSB sole source 
option in its regulations. The commenter believes that the sole source 
requirement in this section is consistent with the legislation, but 
believes it is not consistent with those in VAAR subpart 819.70, as a 
result of restrictions added to VAAR 819.7007 and 819.7008 through a 
class deviation implementing the program as a result of the Kingdomware 
Supreme Court Decision. The commenter believes that the legislation 
does not impose requirements on when or how to use the sole source 
authority and that VA should make clear that its contracting officers 
need not do more than what is set forth in VAAR 813.106-70(c) to make 
sole source awards to SDVOSBs and VOSBs above the simplified 
acquisition threshold. The commenter requests that VA go so far as to 
encourage the award of sole source contracts when certain conditions 
are met. The commenter suggested revision language to VAAR 813.106-
    VA concurs that the VA legislation provides a unique sole source 
authority that is less restrictive than a sole source award otherwise 
permitted under FAR 6.302-1, ``Only one responsible source and no other 
supplies or services will satisfy agency requirements.'' VA does not 
concur, however, with the latter part of the commenter's analogy that a 
sole source is acceptable under any circumstance or that the use of 
sole source contracts should be encouraged. Consistent with the FAR, VA 
encourages the use of competitive procedures for all its procurements 
to the maximum extent practicable.
    Therefore, VA declines to make changes to the language as suggested 
but will add a FAR reference in VAAR 813.106-70(b) and (c) that 
contracts awarded using the VA legislative authority shall be conducted 
as authorized by FAR 6.302-5 and in accordance with 819.7007 and 
819.7008, and to remove redundant language in the remaining paragraph 
that is covered in the referenced sections and is also applicable under 
part 813. This language is consistent with the legislative mandate, FAR 
and the language in VAAR subpart 819.70, as provided in the July 25, 
2016, VAAR Class Deviation--Implementation of the Veterans First 
Contracting Program as a Result of the U.S. Supreme Court Decision 
(Class Deviation--Veterans First Contracting Program (VFCP 2016).
    One commenter stated that to make the statutory priority clear, 
VAAR 813.003-70(c) should state that, under 38 U.S.C. 8127, contracts 
shall be set aside for SDVOSBs when market research provides a 
reasonable basis for receiving two or more offers from SDVOSBs. The 
commenter believes the proposed VAAR 813.003-70, paragraph (c) does not 
make the statutory priority clear, and paragraph (c)(1), as proposed, 
says only that ``contracts under this part shall be set aside for 
SDVOSBs or VOSBs, when supported by market research.''
    The commenter also recommended VA revise VAAR 813.003-70(c)(2), 
VAAR 852.212-70, and VAAR 852.212-71 to make clear the priorities for 
SDVOSBs, and then VOSBs applies to all commercial items acquisitions 
except for SDVOSB set-asides. The commenter stated in their opinion 
that VA has appropriately recognized in VAAR 813.003-70(c)(2) that the 
first priority is for SDVOSBs and second priority for VOSBs and applies 
to procurements that are not set-aside for SDVOSBs or VOSBs. The 
commenter believes that VAAR 813.003-70(c)(2) does not go far enough 
because VAAR 852.215-70 should be inserted into any solicitation, 
except those that are set-aside for SDVOSBs. The commenter further 
asserts that requiring insertion of VAAR 852.215-70 into all 
solicitations except for SDVOSB set-asides is the only way to ensure 
that contracting officers develop an appropriate means (such as full/
partial credit) to implement the statutory mandate to prioritize award 
of contracts to SDVOSBs first, then VOSBs second, before all other 
small businesses, and finally large businesses.
    The intent of the language at VAAR 813.003-70(c) is to highlight 
the requirement that set-asides are mandatory and that if a set-aside 
is not feasible, then evaluation preferences should be used in 
accordance with 815.304-70. Any prescription changes to clauses 
852.215-70 or -71 will be addressed in a separate VAAR case and is not 
appropriate to make such changes to VAAR part 812 or 813 at this time. 
While VA concurs that SDVOSBs have priority over VOSBs in every 
instance, the evaluation preference prescribed in this section provides 
recognition to the requirement in 38 U.S.C. 8128 that small business 
concerns owned and controlled by veterans have a priority over other 
small businesses. The priority of SDVOSBs over VOSBs is well 
established, including at VAAR 813.003-70(c)(2). Therefore, the 
language remains unchanged and any further clarification of the 
language would be addressed in a future VAAR rulemaking case with VAAR 
part 819.
    Additionally, references to the VFCP program are included in the 
section to set forth that the Veterans First Contracting Program 
developed pursuant to the authority in 38 U.S.C. 8127-8128 applies to 
both commercial acquisitions and procurements under the simplified 
acquisition threshold at the VA.

7. Market Research

    A commenter noted the importance of reinforcing, especially for 
delivery of patient care and services procurements for Veterans Affairs 
Medical Centers (VAMCs), that robust market research be conducted, and 
that set-asides and awards be determined in accordance with those 
    VA agrees that market research including industry engagement are 
key elements in the decision-making process for any acquisition. It is 
VA's intention to comply with all legislative and legal requirements, 
including VFCP, while providing the best care and maximum resources to 
address the needs of the Veteran community we serve. VA is in the 
process of releasing other parts dealing with competition, acquisition 
planning and market research. They will be published in the Federal 
Register for public comment once the appropriate approvals are 
obtained. Accordingly, no language will be changed in the rule based on 
these comments.

[[Page 16904]]

8. Training of the VA Acquisition Workforce on This Proposed Rule

    A commenter would like to know how and when contracting officers, 
staff, and local Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMCs) will be 
trained on these revised requirements. The commenter recommends VA 
release an implementation plan and deadline for each phase of the 
large-scale VAAR revision. Currently, no implementation date is listed 
in the Federal Register notice.
    VA also supports the importance of training as highlighted by our 
investment in training for the acquisition workforce at the VA 
Acquisition Academy (VAAA). Training on various VAAR revised policy and 
procedures, as well as internal agency guidance, is currently being 
provided on an ongoing basis through the VAAA, as well as local and 
national conferences and other training events as necessary. We 
continue to update and revise internal training material to address VA 
acquisition workforce needs and will continue to ensure appropriate 
training is scheduled and accomplished on both a one-time or recurring 
basis as the topics and needs may dictate. VA continues to publish 
proposed rules for public comment in phased increments and is working 
closely with the Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization 
(OSDBU) to address concerns of the small business community, in 
particular SDVOSBs and VOSBs. VA submits updates to its planned 
regulatory agenda two times a year. Any updates and new planned 
regulatory actions concerning specific VAAR parts will be published 
there. The case containing the proposed rule for VAAR part 819, 
including the Veterans First Contracting Program under subpart 819.70, 
and key affected parts is planned for publication in the Federal 
Register for public comment in 2019.

9. Removal of Internal Procedural Guidance From the VAAR

    A commenter inquired if VA anticipates the need to develop and 
issue specific procurement policy memorandums, directives, handbooks, 
and standard operating procedures given the removal of internal 
procedural guidance from the VAAR. The commenter also questioned the 
timely issuance of information and updates to internal procedural 
    VA is currently updating its acquisition policies and regulations. 
As each part is completed, any internal documents that require updating 
would be updated to comport with the new regulations. The VA 
Acquisition Manual will incorporate many of the related internal 
procedural guidance at the VA-wide level and will be published on the 
VA OAL/PPS website when any new VAAR parts are published as effective 
in the Federal Register. Any additional internal policy and procedures 
at various levels and activities in the VA are being examined and will 
be appropriately updated or created, as needed.

Technical Non-Substantive Changes to the Proposed Rule

    1. Under section 813.003-70(a), this final rule adds a reference to 
FAR part 13 in conjunction with FAR part 19 as a more accurate 
reference; and in paragraph (d) changes a reference from FAR part 19 to 
the Small Business Administration (SBA) regulations at 13 CFR part 121 
and 13 CFR 125.6 to provide clarity.
    2. In the proposed rule, VA intended to remove 813.202, Purchase 
guidelines, include a new section 813.203, and add revised language at 
813.203, Purchase guidelines, to comport with the FAR. VA is removing 
the guidance from the VAAR and may place the guidance in the VAAM. As a 
part of this final rule, VA will remove the current section 813.202 and 
take no action on proposed 813.203.
    3. This final rule revises the VAAR part 852 authorities to reflect 
the authorities recently codified in a previous rule.
    4. Under 813.307, VA proposed to remove the section which 
references the use of forms and move mention of forms as internal VA 
guidance to the VA Acquisition Manual. The forms referenced in 813.307 
which will be removed with this final rule, are both referenced, and in 
some cases, were prescribed at 853.213 as well. With the removal of 
813.307 in this final rule, the forms require removal from the VAAR as 
well, so with this final rule, section 853.213 will be removed and any 
of the noted forms if and when still used at VA, are available on VA's 
public facing website at https://www.va.gov/vaforms/ or upon request 
from any VA contracting office.

Unfunded Mandates

    The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires, at 2 U.S.C. 
1532, that agencies prepare an assessment of anticipated costs and 
benefits before issuing any rule that may result in the expenditure by 
State, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the 
private sector, of $100 million or more (adjusted annually for 
inflation) in any one year. This final rule will have no such effect on 
State, local, and tribal governments or on the private sector.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    This rulemaking impacts two existing information collection 
requirements associated with two Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 
control numbers. The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (at 44 U.S.C. 
3507) requires that VA consider the impact of paperwork and other 
information collection burdens imposed on the public. Under 44 U.S.C. 
3507(a), an agency may not collect or sponsor the collection of 
information, nor may it impose an information collection requirement 
unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number.
    Although this action contains provisions constituting collections 
of information at 48 CFR part 813, under the provisions of the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521), no new or 
revised collections of information are associated with this final rule. 
The information collection requirements for 48 CFR part 813 are 
currently approved by OMB and have been assigned OMB control number 
    Although this final rule removes 813.307, Forms, with this action 
853.213, Simplified acquisition procedures (SF's 18, 30, 44, 1165, 
1449, and OF's 336, 347, and 348), will also be removed as the forms 
now shown in the text at 853.213 are also referenced within section 
813.307, making their continued inclusion in VAAR part 853 unnecessary. 
In particular, one of the forms referenced at 813.307(f), VA Form 10-
2421, Prosthetic Authorization for Items or Services, and at 
853.213(d), has an associated OMB Control Number although it is not 
currently associated with the VAAR. Under the provisions of Paperwork 
Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521), no new or revised 
collections of information are associated with this final rule. The 
information collection requirements for VA Form 10-2421 are currently 
approved by OMB and have been assigned OMB control number 2900-0188 
under the administrative management of the Veterans Health 
Administration. This form will no longer be referenced in the VAAR and 
its OMB control number is not now associated with the VAAR.

Congressional Review Act

    Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), 
the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs designated this rule 
as not a major rule, as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

[[Page 16905]]

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Secretary hereby certifies that this final rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities 
as they are defined in the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601-
612). This rulemaking does not change VA's policy regarding small 
businesses, does not have an economic impact to individual businesses, 
and there are no increased or decreased costs to small business 
entities. On this basis, the final rule would not have an economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities as they are defined in 
the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601-612. Therefore, pursuant 
to 5 U.S.C. 605(b), the initial and final regulatory flexibility 
analysis requirements of 5 U.S.C. 603 and 604 do not apply.

Executive Orders 12866, 13563 and 13771

    Executive Orders (E.O.s) 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess 
all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). E.O. 
13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits 
of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. 
The Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs has determined that 
this rule is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 
12866. VA's impact analysis can be found as a supporting document at 
http://www.regulations.gov, usually within 48 hours after the 
rulemaking document is published. Additionally, a copy of the 
rulemaking and its impact analysis are available on VA's website at 
http://www.va.gov/orpm by following the link for ``VA Regulations 
Published from FY 2004 Through Fiscal Year to Date.'' This final rule 
is not subject to the requirements of E.O. 13771 because this final 
rule is expected to result in no more than de minimis costs.

List of Subjects

48 CFR Parts 812, 813, and 853

    Government procurement.

48 CFR Part 852

    Government procurement, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

Signing Authority

    The Secretary of Veterans Affairs, or designee, approved this 
document and authorized the undersigned to sign and submit the document 
to the Office of the Federal Register for publication electronically as 
an official document of the Department of Veterans Affairs. Pamela 
Powers, Chief of Staff, Department of Veterans Affairs, approved this 
document on March 2, 2020, for publication.

Consuela Benjamin,
Regulation Development Coordinator, Office of Regulation Policy & 
Management, Office of the Secretary, Department of Veterans Affairs.
    For the reasons set out in the preamble, VA amends 48 CFR parts 
812, 813, 852, and 853 as follows:


1. The authority citation for part 812 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority: 38 U.S.C. 8127-8128; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); 41 U.S.C. 1702 
and 48 CFR 1.301 through 1.304.

Subpart 812.1--Acquisition of Commercial Items--General

2. Section 812.102 is revised to read as follows:

812.102   Applicability.

3. Section 812.102-70 is added to subpart 812.1 to read as follows:

812.102-70   Applicability of Veterans preferences.

    Based on the authority under 38 U.S.C. 8127 and 8128, the Veterans 
First Contracting Program in subpart 819.70 applies to VA contracts 
under this part. The provisions and clauses prescribed reflect agency 
unique statutes applicable to the acquisition of commercial items.

Subpart 812.3--Solicitation Provisions and Contract Clauses for the 
Acquisition of Commercial Items

4. Section 812.301 is revised to read as follows:

812.301   Solicitation provisions and contract clauses for the 
acquisition of commercial items.

    (f)(1) Contracting officers shall insert the clause 852.212-70, 
Provisions and Clauses Applicable to VA Acquisition of Commercial 
Items, in all solicitations and contracts for commercial acquisitions 
and check only those provisions and clauses that apply to the 
individual acquisition.
    (2) Contracting officers shall insert the clause 852.212-71, Gray 
Market Items, in solicitations and contracts for new medical equipment 
for VA Medical Centers and that include FAR provisions 52.212-1, 
Instruction to Offerors--Commercial Items, and 52.212-2, Evaluation--
Commercial Items.

812.302   [Removed]

5. Section 812.302 is removed.


6. The authority citation for part 813 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority:  38 U.S.C. 8127-8128; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); 41 U.S.C. 
1702 and 48 CFR 1.301 through 1.304.

7. Section 813.003-70 is added to read as follows:

813.003-70   Policy.

    (a) The Veterans First Contracting Program in subpart 819.70 
applies to VA contracts, orders and BPAs under this part and has 
precedence over other small business programs referenced in FAR parts 
13 and 19.
    (b) Notwithstanding FAR 13.003(b)(2), the contracting officer shall 
make an award utilizing the priorities for veteran-owned small 
businesses as implemented within the VA hierarchy of small business 
program preferences, the Veterans First Contracting Program in subpart 
819.70. Specifically, the contracting officer shall consider 
preferences for verified service-disabled veteran-owned small 
businesses (SDVOSBs) first, then preferences for verified veteran-owned 
small businesses (VOSBs). These priorities will be followed by 
preferences for other small businesses in accordance with FAR 19.203, 
and 819.7004.
    (c) When using competitive procedures, the preference for 
restricting competition to verified SDVOSBs/VOSBs in accordance with 
paragraph (b) of this section is mandatory whenever market research 
provides a reasonable expectation of receiving two or more offers/
quotes from eligible, capable and verified firms at fair and reasonable 
prices that offer best value to the Government.
    (1) Pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 8127, contracts under this part shall be 
set-aside for SDVOSBs/VOSBs, in accordance with 819.7005 or 819.7006 
when supported by market research. Contracting officers shall use the 
applicable set-aside clause prescribed at 819.7009.
    (2) Pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 8128 and to the extent that market 
research does not support an SDVOSB or VOSB set-aside, the contracting 
officer shall include evaluation factors as prescribed at 815.304 and 
the evaluation criteria clause prescribed at 815.304-71(a).

[[Page 16906]]

    (d) The SDVOSB and VOSB eligibility requirements in 819.7003 apply, 
including verification of the SDVOSB and VOSB status of an offeror, and 
other small business requirements in 13 CFR part 121 and 13 CFR 125.6 
(e.g., small business representation, nonmanufacturer rule, and 
subcontracting limitations).

Subpart 813.1--Procedures

8. Section 813.102 is added to subpart 813.1 to read as follows:

813.102  Source list.

    Pursuant to 819.7003, contracting officers shall use the Vendor 
Information Pages (VIP) database to verify SDVOSB/VOSB status.

9. Revise section 813.106 to read as follows:

813.106  Soliciting competition, evaluation of quotations or offers, 
award and documentation.

813.106-3   [Removed]

10. Section 813.106-3 is removed.

11. Section 813.106-70 is revised to read as follows:

813.106-70  Soliciting competition, evaluation of quotations or offers, 
award and documentation--the Veterans First Contracting Program.

    (a) When using competitive procedures under this part, the 
contracting officer shall use the Veterans First Contracting Program in 
subpart 819.70 and the guidance set forth in 813.003-70.
    (b) Pursuant to 38 U.S.C 8127(b), contracting officers may use 
other than competitive procedures to enter into a contract with a 
verified SDVOSB or VOSB for procurements under the simplified 
acquisition threshold, as authorized by FAR 6.302-5.
    (c) For procurements above the simplified acquisition threshold, 
pursuant to 38 U.S.C. 8127(c), contracting officers may also award a 
contract under this part to a firm verified under the Veterans First 
Contracting Program at subpart 819.70, using procedures other than 
competitive procedures, as authorized by FAR 6.302-5 and in accordance 
with 819.7007 and 819.7008.

Subpart 813.2--[Removed and Reserved]

12. Subpart 813.2 is removed and reserved.

Subpart 813.3--Simplified Acquisition Methods

813.302  [Removed]

13. Section 813.302 is removed.

813.302-5   [Removed]

14. Section 813.302-5 is removed.

15. Section 813.305-70 is added to subpart 813.3 to read as follows:

813.305-70  VA's imprest funds and third party drafts policy.

    VA's Governmentwide commercial purchase card and/or convenience 
checks shall be used in lieu of imprest funds and third party drafts.

813.307   [Removed]

16. Section 813.307 is removed.


17. The authority citation for part 852 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority: 38 U.S.C. 8127-8128, and 8151-8153; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); 
41 U.S.C. 1121(c)(3), 41 U.S.C. 1303; 41 U.S.C. 1702; and 48 CFR 
1.301 through 1.304.

Subpart 852.2--Texts of Provisions and Clauses

18. Section 852.212-70 is added to read as follows:

852.212-70   Provisions and Clauses Applicable to VA Acquisition of 
Commercial Items.

    As prescribed in 812.301(f)(1), insert the following clause to 
indicate provisions and clauses applicable to this acquisition:

Provisions and Clauses Applicable to VA Acquisition of Commercial Items 
(APR 2020)

    (a) The Contractor agrees to comply with any provision or clause 
that is incorporated herein by reference or full text to implement 
agency policy applicable to acquisition of commercial items or 
components. The following provisions and clauses that have been 
checked by the Contracting Officer are incorporated by reference or 
in full text. Text requiring fill-ins is shown under the clause or 
provision title:

__852.203-70, Commercial Advertising.
__852.209-70, Organizational Conflicts of Interest.
__852.214-71, Restrictions on Alternate Item(s).
__852.214-72, Alternate Item(s).

    Bids on [Contracting Officer will insert an alternate item that 
is considered acceptable] will be given equal consideration along 
with bids on [Contracting Officer will insert the required item and 
item number]** and any such bids received may be accepted if to the 
advantage of the Government. Tie bids will be decided in favor of 
[Contracting Officer will insert the required item and item number].

(End of provision)

__852.214-73, Alternate Packaging and Packing.
__852.214-74, Marking of Bid Samples.
__852.215-70, Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned and Veteran-Owned Small 
Business Evaluation Factors.
__852.215-71, Evaluation Factor Commitments.
__852.216-71, Economic Price Adjustment of Contract Price(s) Based 
on a Price Index.
__852.216-72, Proportional Economic Price Adjustment of Contract 
Price(s) Based on a Price Index.
__852.216-73, Economic Price Adjustment--State Nursing Home Care for 
__852.216-74, Economic Price Adjustment--Medicaid Labor Rates.
__852.216-75, Economic Price Adjustment--Fuel Surcharge.
__852.219-9, VA Small Business Subcontracting Plan Minimum 
__852.219-10, VA Notice of Total Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned 
Small Business Set-Aside.
__852.219-11, VA Notice of Total Veteran-Owned Small Business Set-
__852.222-70, Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act--Nursing 
Home Care Contract Supplement.
__852.228-70, Bond Premium Adjustment.
__852.228-71, Indemnification and Insurance.
__852.228-72, Assisting Service-Disabled Veteran-Owned and Veteran-
Owned Small Businesses in Obtaining Bonds.
__852.229-70, Sales and Use Taxes.
__852.232-72, Electronic Submission of Payment Requests.
__852.233-70, Protest Content/Alternative Dispute Resolution.
__852.233-71, Alternate Protest Procedure.
__852.237-7, Indemnification and Medical Liability Insurance.
__852.237-70, Contractor Responsibilities.

    The Contractor shall obtain all necessary licenses and/or 
permits required to perform this work. He/she shall take all 
reasonable precautions necessary to protect persons and property 
from injury or damage during the performance of this contract. He/
she shall be responsible for any injury to himself/herself, his/her 
employees, as well as for any damage to personal or public property 
that occurs during the performance of this contract that is caused 
by his/her employees fault or negligence, and shall maintain 
personal liability and property damage insurance having coverage for 
a limit as required by the laws of the State of ___[Insert name of 
State]. Further, it is agreed that any negligence of the Government, 
its officers, agents, servants and employees, shall not be the 
responsibility of the Contractor hereunder with the regard to any 
claims, loss, damage, injury, and liability resulting therefrom.

(End of clause)

[[Page 16907]]

__852.246-70, Guarantee.

    The Contractor guarantees the equipment against defective 
material, workmanship and performance for a period of ___[Normally, 
insert one year. If industry policy covers a shorter or longer 
period, i.e., 90 days or for the life of the equipment, insert such 
period.], said guarantee to run from date of acceptance of the 
equipment by the Government. The Contractor agrees to furnish, 
without cost to the Government, replacement of all parts and 
material that are found to be defective during the guarantee period. 
Replacement of material and parts will be furnished to the 
Government at the point of installation, if installation is within 
the continental United States, or f.o.b. the continental U.S. port 
to be designated by the Contracting Officer if installation is 
outside of the continental United States. Cost of installation of 
replacement material and parts shall be borne by the contractor. 
[The above clause will be modified to conform to standards of the 
industry involved.]

(End of clause)

__852.246-71, Inspection or Alternate I.
__852.246-72, Frozen Processed Foods.
__852.246-73, Noncompliance with packaging, packing, and/or marking 
__852.270-1, Representatives of Contracting Officers.
__852.270-2, Bread and Bakery Products--Quantities.
__852.270-3, Purchase of Shellfish.
__852.271-72, Time Spent by Counselee in Counseling Process.
__852.271-73, Use and Publication of Counseling Results.
__852.271-74, Inspection.
__852.271-75, Extension of Contract Period.
__852.273-70, Late Offers.
__852.273-71, Alternative Negotiation Techniques.
__852.273-72, Alternative Evaluation.
__852.273-73, Evaluation--Health-Care Resources.
__852.273-74, Award without Exchanges.

    (b) When appropriate and in accordance with the prescriptions 
for the clause, the contracting officer may use the following clause 
in requests for quotations, solicitations, and contracts for the 
acquisition of commercial items if the contracting officer 
determines that the use is consistent with customary commercial 

__852.211-70, Service Data Manuals or Alternate I.

    (c) All requests for quotations, solicitations, and contracts 
for commercial item services to be provided to beneficiaries must 
include the following clause at

__852.271-70, Nondiscrimination in Services Provided to 

(End of clause)

19. Section 852.212-71 is added to read as follows:

852.212-71   Gray Market Items.

    As prescribed in 812.301(f)(2), insert the following provision in 
solicitations and contracts for new medical equipment:

Gray Market Items (APR 2020)

    (a) No gray market or remanufactured items will be acceptable. 
Gray market items are Original Equipment Manufacturers' (OEM) goods 
sold through unauthorized channels in direct competition with 
authorized distributors. This procurement is for new OEM medical 
equipment only for VA medical facilities.
    (b) Vendor shall be an OEM, authorized dealer, authorized 
distributor or authorized reseller for the proposed equipment/
system, verified by an authorization letter or other documents from 
the OEM. All software licensing, warranty and service associated 
with the equipment/system shall be in accordance with the OEM terms 
and conditions.

(End of clause)


20. The authority citation for part 853 is revised to read as follows:

    Authority: 38 U.S.C. 501; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); and 48 CFR 1.301 
through 1.304.

853.213   [Removed]

21. Section 853.213 is removed.

[FR Doc. 2020-05589 Filed 3-24-20; 8:45 am]