[Federal Register Volume 84, Number 134 (Friday, July 12, 2019)]
[Pages 33278-33280]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2019-14800]

[[Page 33278]]



[Docket No. DHS-2019-0018]

Agency Information Collection Activities: REAL ID: Minimum 
Standards for Driver's Licenses and Identification Cards Acceptable by 
Federal Agencies for Office Purposes

AGENCY: Office of the Secretary, Department of Homeland Security.

ACTION: 30-Day notice and request for comments; extension without 
change of a currently approved collection, 1601-0005.


SUMMARY: The Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Office of the 
Secretary, will submit the following Information Collection Request 
(ICR) to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and 
clearance in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. DHS 
previously published this information collection request (ICR) in the 
Federal Register on Tuesday, April 16, 2019 at 74 FR 15624, for a 60-
day public comment period. Two (2) comments were received by DHS. The 
purpose of this notice is to allow additional 30-days for public 

DATES: Comments are encouraged and will be accepted until August 12, 
2019. This process is conducted in accordance with 5 CFR 1320.1.

ADDRESSES: Interested person are invited to submit writing comments on 
the proposed information collection to the Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget. Comments should be 
addressed to OMB Desk Office, Department of Homeland Security and sent 
via electronic mail to [email protected].

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The REAL ID Act of 2005 (the Act) prohibits 
Federal agencies from accepting State-issued drivers' licenses or 
identification cards for any official purpose--defined by the Act and 
regulations as boarding commercial aircraft, accessing federal 
facilities, or entering nuclear power plants--unless the license or 
card is issued by a State that meets the requirements set forth in the 
Act. Title II of Division B of Public Law 109-13, codified at 49 U.S.C. 
30301 note. The REAL ID regulations, which DHS issued in January 2008, 
establish the minimum standards that States must meet to comply with 
the Act. See 73 FR 5272, also 6 CFR part 37 (Jan. 29, 2008). These 
include requirements for presentation and verification of documents to 
establish identity and lawful status, standards for document issuance 
and security, and physical security requirements for driver's license 
production facilities. For a State to achieve full compliance, the 
Department of Homeland Security (DHS) must make a final determination 
that the State has met the requirements contained in the regulations 
and is compliant with the Act.\1\ The regulations include new 
information reporting and record keeping requirements for States 
seeking a full compliance determination by DHS. As discussed in more 
detail below, States seeking DHS's full compliance determination must 
certify that they are meeting certain standards in the issuance of 
driver's licenses and identification cards and submit security plans 
covering physical security of document production and storage 
facilities as well as security of personally identifiable information. 
6 CFR 37.55(a). States also must conduct background checks and training 
for employees involved in the document production and issuance 
processes and retain and store applicant photographs and other source 
documents. 6 CFR 37.31 and 37.45. States must recertify compliance with 
REAL ID every three years on a rolling basis as determined by the 
Secretary of Homeland Security. 6 CFR 37.55.

Certification and Recertification Process Generally

    Section 202(a)(2) of the REAL ID Act requires the Secretary to 
determine whether a State is meeting its requirements, ``based on 
certifications made by the State to the Secretary.'' To assist DHS in 
making a final compliance determination, 37.55 of the rule requires the 
submission of the following materials:
    (1) A certification by the highest level Executive official in the 
state overseeing the DMV that the state has implemented a program for 
issuing driver's licenses and identification cards in compliance with 
the REAL ID Act.
    (2) A letter from the Attorney General of the State confirming the 
State has the legal authority to impose requirements necessary to meet 
the standards.
    (3) A description of a State's exceptions process to accept 
alternate documents to establish identity and lawful status and wavier 
process used when conducting background checks for individuals involved 
in the document production process.
    (4) The State's security plan.
    (5) State Certification Checklist.
    Additionally, after a final compliance determination by DHS, states 
must recertify compliance every three years on a rolling basis as 
determined by DHS. 6 CFR 37.55(b).
    State REAL ID programs will be subject to DHS review to determine 
whether the state meets the requirements for compliance. States must 
cooperate with DHS's compliance review and provide any reasonable 
information requested by DHS relevant to determining compliance. Under 
the rule, DHS may inspect sites associated with the enrollment of 
applicants and the production, manufacture, personalization, and 
issuance of driver's licenses or identification cards. DHS also may 
conduct interviews of employees and contractors involved in the 
document issuance, verification, and production processes. 6 CFR 
    Following a review of a State's certification/recertification 
package, DHS may make a preliminary determination that the State needs 
to take corrective actions to achieve full compliance. In such cases, a 
State may have to respond to DHS and explain the actions it took or 
plans to take to correct any deficiencies cited in the preliminary 
determination or alternatively, detail why the DHS preliminary 
determination is incorrect. 6 CFR 37.59(b).

Security Plans

    In order for States to be in compliance with the Act, they must 
ensure the security of production facilities and materials and conduct 
background checks and fraudulent document training for employees 
involved in document issuance and production. REAL ID Act sec. 
202(d)(7)-(9). The Act also requires compliant licenses and 
identification cards to include features to prevent tampering, 
counterfeiting, or duplication. REAL ID Act sec. 202(b). To document 
compliance with these requirements the regulations require States to 
prepare a security plan and submit it as part of their certification 
package. 6 CFR 37.41. At a minimum, the security plan must address 
steps the State is taking to ensure:
     The physical security of production materials and storage 
and production facilities;
     security of personally identifiable information maintained 
at DMVs including a privacy policy and standards and procedures for 
document retention and destruction;
     document security features including a description of the 
use of biometrics and the technical standards used;
     facility access control including credentialing and 
background checks;
     fraudulent document and security awareness training;
     emergency response;
     internal audit controls; and

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     an affirmation that the State possesses the authority and 
means to protect the confidentiality of REAL ID documents issued in 
support of criminal justice agencies or similar programs.

Background Checks and Waiver Process

    Within its security plans, the rule requires States to outline 
their approach to conducting background checks of certain DMV employees 
involved in the card production process. 6 CFR 37.45. Specifically, 
States are required to perform background checks on persons who are 
involved in the manufacture or production of REAL ID driver's licenses 
and identification cards, as well as on individuals who have the 
ability to affect the identity information that appears on the driver's 
license or identification card and on current employees who will be 
assigned to such positions. The background check must include a name-
based and fingerprint-based criminal history records check, an 
employment eligibility check, and for newer employees a prior 
employment reference check. The regulation permits a State to establish 
procedures to allow for a waiver for certain background check 
requirements in cases, for example, where the employee has been 
arrested, but no final disposition of the matter has been reached.

Exceptions Process

    Under the rule, a State DMV may choose to establish written, 
defined exceptions process for persons who, for reasons beyond their 
control, are unable to present all necessary documents and must rely on 
alternate documents to establish identity, and date of birth. 6 CFR 
37.11(h). Alternative documents to demonstrate lawful status will only 
be allowed to demonstrate U.S. citizenship. The State must retain 
copies or images of the alternate documents accepted under the 
exceptions process and submit a report with a copy of the exceptions 
process as part of its certification package.


    The rule requires States to maintain photographs of applicants and 
records of certain source documents. Paper or microfiche copies of 
these documents must be retained for a minimum of seven years. Digital 
images of these documents must be retained for a minimum of ten years. 
6 CFR 37.31.
    The collection of the information will support the information 
needs of DHS in its efforts to determine state compliance with 
requirements for issuing REAL ID driver's licenses and identification 
cards. States may submit the required documents in any format that they 
choose. DHS has not defined specific format submission requirements for 
states. DHS will use all of the submitted documentation to evaluate 
State progress in implementing the requirements of the REAL ID Final 
Rule. DHS has used information provided under the current collection to 
grant extensions and track state progress.
    Submission of the security plan helps to ensure the integrity of 
the license and identification card issuance and production process and 
outlines the measures taken to protect personal information collected, 
maintained, and used by state DMVs. Additionally, the collection will 
assist other Federal and State agencies conducting or assisting with 
necessary background and immigration checks for certain employees. The 
purpose of the name-based and fingerprint based CHRC requirement is to 
ensure the suitability and trustworthiness of individuals who have the 
ability to affect the identity information that appears on the license; 
have access to the production process; or who are involved in the 
manufacture or issuance of the licenses and identification cards.
    In compliance with GPEA, States will be permitted to electronically 
submit the information for their security plans, certification 
packages, recertifications, extensions, and written exceptions 
processes. States will be permitted to submit electronic signatures but 
must keep the original signature on file. Additionally, because they 
contain sensitive security information (SSI), the security plans must 
be handled and protected in accordance with 49 CFR part 1520. 6 CFR 
37.41(c). The final rule does not dictate how States must submit their 
employees' fingerprints to the FBI for background checks; however it is 
assumed States will do so via electronic means or another means 
determined by the FBI.
    This information will be collected directly from the States to 
assist DHS in making REAL ID compliance determinations and is not 
otherwise available.
    The information collection discussed in this analysis applies to 
states, state agencies, and certain employees involved in the card 
production process. Therefore, it is DHS's belief that the information 
collection does not have a significant impact on a substantial number 
of small businesses.
    In accordance with the regulations, submission of certification 
materials and security plans will assist DHS in determining full 
compliance. DHS may also review documents, audit processes, and conduct 
inspections. Failure to make a compliance determination would prevent 
state-issued licenses and identification cards from being used for 
official purposes, which includes boarding commercial aircraft and 
accessing federal facilities. Additional requirements for 
recordkeeping, document retention and storage, as well as background 
checks for certain employees help to ensure the integrity of the card 
production and issuance process and will assist DHS during audits or 
inspections of a state's processes.
    Information provided will be protected from disclosure to the 
extent appropriate under applicable provisions of the Freedom of 
Information Act, the Privacy Act of 1974, the Driver's Privacy 
Protection Act, as well as DHS's Privacy Impact Assessment for the REAL 
ID Act.
    There has been no program changes or new requirements established 
as a result of this collection request.
    The Office of Management and Budget is particularly interested in 
comments which:
    1. Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is 
necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, 
including whether the information will have practical utility;
    2. Evaluate the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of 
the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the 
methodology and assumptions used;
    3. Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to 
be collected; and
    4. Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those 
who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, 
electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or 
other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic 
submissions of responses.


    Agency: Office of the Secretary, DHS.
    Title: Agency Information Collection Activities: REAL ID: Minimum 
Standards for Driver's Licenses and Identification Cards Acceptable by 
Federal Agencies for Office Purposes.
    OMB Number: 1601-0005.
    Frequency: Annually.
    Affected Public: State, local, and tribal governments.
    Number of Respondents: 18.
    Estimated Time per Respondent: 750 hours.
    Total Burden Hours: 13,500 hours.

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    Dated: June 26, 2019.
Melissa Bruce,
Executive Director, Business Management Office.
[FR Doc. 2019-14800 Filed 7-11-19; 8:45 am]