[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 105 (Thursday, May 31, 2018)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 24962-24965]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-11671]


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DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

49 CFR Parts 571, 580, 581, 582, 583, 585, 587, 588, 591, 592, 593, 
594, and 595

[Docket No. NHTSA-2018-0064]


Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Plain Language and Small 
Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

AGENCY: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 
Department of Transportation (DOT).

ACTION: Notification of regulatory review; request for comments.

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SUMMARY: NHTSA seeks comments on the economic impact of its regulations 
on small entities. As required by Section 610 of the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act, we are attempting to identify rules that may have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
We also request comments on ways to make these regulations easier to 
read and understand. The focus of this notification is rules that 
specifically relate to passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, 
trucks, buses, trailers, motorcycles, and motor vehicle equipment.

DATES: You should submit comments early enough to ensure that Docket 
Management receives them not later than July 30, 2018.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments [identified by Docket Number NHTSA-
2018-0064] by any of the following methods:
     Internet: To submit comments electronically, go to the 
U.S. Government regulations website at http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Send comments to Docket Management Facility, U.S. 
Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West Building 
Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: If you plan to submit written comments by 
hand or courier, please do so at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, West 
Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC between 9 a.m. and 
5 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except federal holidays.
     Fax: Written comments may be faxed to 202-493-2251.
     You may call Docket Management at 1-800-647-5527.
    Instructions: For detailed instructions on submitting comments and 
additional Information, see the COMMENTS heading of the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section of this document. Note that all comments received 
will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including 
any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading 
in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jonathan Roth, Office of Regulatory 
Analysis and Evaluation, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590 
(telephone 202-366-0818, fax 202-366-3189).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. Section 610 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act

A. Background and Purpose

    Section 610 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-
354), as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness 
Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), requires agencies to conduct periodic 
reviews of final rules that have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small business entities. The purpose of the 
reviews is to determine whether such rules should be continued without 
change, or should be amended or rescinded, consistent with the 
objectives of applicable statutes, to minimize any significant economic 
impact of the rules on a substantial number of such small entities.

B. Review Schedule

    On December 1, 2008, NHTSA published in the Federal Register (73 FR 
72758) a 10-year review plan for its existing regulations. The National 
Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, ``we'') has divided its 
rules into 10 groups by subject area. Each group will be reviewed once 
every 10 years, undergoing a two-stage process-an Analysis Year and a 
Review Year. For purposes of these reviews, a year

[[Page 24963]]

will coincide with the fall-to-fall publication schedule of the 
Semiannual Regulatory Agenda, see http://www.regulations.gov. Year 1 
(2008) begins in the fall of 2008 and ends in the fall of 2009; Year 2 
(2009) begins in the fall of 2009 and ends in the fall of 2010; and so 
on.
    During the Analysis Year, we will request public comment on and 
analyze each of the rules in a given year's group to determine whether 
any rule has a significant impact on a substantial number of small 
entities and, thus, requires review in accordance with section 610 of 
the Regulatory Flexibility Act. In each fall's Regulatory Agenda, we 
will publish the results of the analyses we completed during the 
previous year. For rules that have subparts, or other discrete sections 
of rules that do have a significant impact on a substantial number of 
small entities, we will announce that we will be conducting a formal 
section 610 review during the following 12 months.
    The section 610 review will determine whether a specific rule 
should be revised or revoked to lessen its impact on small entities. We 
will consider: (1) The continued need for the rule; (2) the nature of 
complaints or comments received from the public; (3) the complexity of 
the rule; (4) the extent to which the rule overlaps, duplicates, or 
conflicts with other federal rules or with state or local government 
rules; and (5) the length of time since the rule has been evaluated or 
the degree to which technology, economic conditions, or other factors 
have changed in the area affected by the rule. At the end of the Review 
Year, we will publish the results of our review. The following table 
shows the 10-year analysis and review schedule:

                                 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
                                               Section 610 Reviews
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                    Year                          Regulations to be reviewed       Analysis year    Review year
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1..........................................  49 CFR 571.223 through 571.500, and            2008            2009
                                              parts 575 and 579.
2..........................................  23 CFR parts 1200 and 1300.........            2009            2010
3..........................................  49 CFR parts 501 through 526 and               2010            2011
                                              571.213.
4..........................................  49 CFR 571.131, 571.217, 571.220,              2011            2012
                                              571.221, and 571.222.
5..........................................  49 CFR 571.101 through 571.110, and            2012            2013
                                              571.135, 571.138 and 571.139.
6..........................................  49 CFR parts 529 through 578,                  2013            2014
                                              except parts 571 and 575.
7..........................................  49 CFR 571.111 through 571.129 and             2014            2015
                                              parts 580 through 588.
8..........................................  49 CFR 571.201 through 571.212.....            2015            2016
9..........................................  49 CFR 571.214 through 571.219,                2016            2017
                                              except 571.217.
10.........................................  49 CFR parts 591 through 595 and               2017            2018
                                              new parts and subparts.
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C. Regulations Under Analysis

    NHTSA did not publish a Federal Register notification for year 9, 
opting instead to publish years 9 and 10 simultaneously. During this 
year, we will continue to conduct a preliminary assessment of the 
following sections of 49 CFR 571.214 through 571.219, except 571.217, 
and also 49 CFR parts 591 through 595 and new parts and subparts.

                                 Year 9
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              Section                               Title
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571.214...........................  Side impact protection.
571.215...........................  [RESERVED].
571.216...........................  Roof crush resistance; Applicable
                                     unless a vehicle is certified to
                                     Sec.   571.216a.
571.216a..........................  Roof crush resistance; Upgraded
                                     Standard.
571.218...........................  Motorcycle Helmets.
571.219...........................  Windshield zone intrusion.
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                                 Year 10
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              Section                               Title
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591...............................  Importation of Vehicles and
                                     Equipment.
592...............................  Registered Importers of Vehicles not
                                     originally manufactured to meet
                                     FMVSSs.
593...............................  Determination that a vehicle not
                                     originally manufactured to meet
                                     FMVSS is eligible for importation.
594...............................  Schedule of Fees Authorized by 49
                                     U.S.C. 30141.
595...............................  ``Make Inoperative'' Exemptions.
571.141...........................  Sound Alerts.
571.136...........................  ESC for Heavy Trucks.
571.111...........................  Rear Visibility.
571.208, 571.210..................  Occupant Crash Protection.
571.214...........................  Ejection Mitigation.
571.218...........................  Motorcycle Helmets.
571.121...........................  Air Brake Systems.
571.216...........................  Roof Crush Resistance.
571.3, 571.5, 571.10, 571.210.....  Designated Seating Positions and
                                     Seat Belt Assembly Anchorages.
571.126...........................  ESC Systems; Controls and Displays.

[[Page 24964]]

 
571.214...........................  Occupant Protection in Interior
                                     Impact; Side Impact Protection;
                                     Fuel System Integrity, Electric
                                     Powered Vehicles: Electrolyte
                                     Spillage and Electrical Shock
                                     Protection, Side Impact Phase in
                                     Reporting Requirements.
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    We are seeking comments on whether any requirements in 49 CFR 
571.214 through 571.219, except 571.217, and 49 CFR 591 through 595, 
and all new parts and subparts added since 2008 have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. ``Small 
entities'' include small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that 
are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their 
fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations under 50,000. 
Business entities are generally defined as small businesses by Standard 
Industrial Classification (SIC) code, for the purposes of receiving 
Small Business Administration (SBA) assistance. Size standards 
established by SBA in 13 CFR 121.201 are expressed either in number of 
employees or annual receipts in millions of dollars, unless otherwise 
specified. The number of employees or annual receipts indicates the 
maximum allowed for a concern and its affiliates to be considered 
small. If your business or organization is a small entity and if any of 
the requirements in 49 CFR 571.214 through 571.219, except 571.217, and 
49 CFR 591 through 595, and all new parts and subparts added since 2008 
have a significant economic impact on your business or organization, 
please submit a comment to explain how and to what degree these rules 
affect you, the extent of the economic impact on your business or 
organization, and why you believe the economic impact is significant.
    If the agency determines that there is a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities, it will ask for 
comment in a subsequent notification during the Review Year on how 
these impacts could be reduced without reducing safety.

II. Plain Language

A. Background and Purpose

    Executive Order 12866 and the President's memorandum of June 1, 
1998, require each agency to write all rules in plain language. 
Application of the principles of plain language includes consideration 
of the following questions:
     Have we organized the material to suit the public's needs?
     Are the requirements in the rule clearly stated?
     Does the rule contain technical language or jargon that is 
not clear?
     Would a different format (grouping and order of sections, 
use of headings, paragraphing) make the rule easier to understand?
     Would more (but shorter) sections be better?
     Could we improve clarity by adding tables, lists, or 
diagrams?
     What else could we do to make the rule easier to 
understand?
    If you have any responses to these questions, please include them 
in your comments on this document.

B. Review Schedule

    In conjunction with our section 610 reviews, we will be performing 
plain language reviews over a ten-year period on a schedule consistent 
with the section 610 review schedule. We will review 49 CFR 571.214 
through 571.219, except 571.217, and 49 CFR 591 through 595, and all 
new parts and subparts added since 2008, determine if these regulations 
can be reorganized and/or rewritten to make them easier to read, 
understand, and use. We encourage interested persons to submit draft 
regulatory language that clearly and simply communicates regulatory 
requirements, and other recommendations, such as for putting 
information in tables that may make the regulations easier to use.

Comments

How do I prepare and submit comments?

    Your comments must be written and in English. To ensure that your 
comments are correctly filed in the Docket, please include the docket 
number of this document in your comments.
    Your comments must not be more than 15 pages long. (49 CFR 553.21.) 
We established this limit to encourage you to write your primary 
comments in a concise fashion. However, you may attach necessary 
additional documents to your comments. There is no limit on the length 
of the attachments.
    Please submit one copy of your comments, including the attachments, 
to Docket Management at the address given above under ADDRESSES.
    Please note that pursuant to the Data Quality Act, in order for 
substantive data to be relied upon and used by the agency, it must meet 
the information quality standards set forth in the OMB and DOT Data 
Quality Act guidelines. Accordingly, we encourage you to consult the 
guidelines in preparing your comments. OMB's guidelines may be accessed 
at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_reproducible. DOT's guidelines 
may be accessed at http://dmses.dot.gov/submit/DataQualityGuidelines.pdf.
    Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all 
comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual 
submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf 
of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's 
complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal Register published on 
April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit http://www.regulations.gov.

How can I be sure that my comments were received?

    If you wish Docket Management to notify you upon its receipt of 
your comments, enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard in the 
envelope containing your comments. Upon receiving your comments, Docket 
Management will return the postcard by mail.

How do I submit confidential business information?

    If you wish to submit any information under a claim of 
confidentiality, you should submit three copies of your complete 
submission, including the information you claim to be confidential 
business information, to the Chief Counsel, NHTSA, U.S. Department of 
Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE, Washington, DC 20590. In 
addition, you should submit a copy, from which you have deleted the 
claimed confidential business information, to Docket Management at the 
address given above under ADDRESSES. When you send a comment containing 
information claimed to be confidential business information, you should 
include a cover letter setting forth the information specified in our

[[Page 24965]]

confidential business information regulation. (49 CFR part 512.)

Will the Agency consider late comments?

    We will consider all comments that Docket Management receives 
before the close of business on the comment closing date indicated 
above under DATES. To the extent possible, we will also consider 
comments that Docket Management receives after that date.

How can I read the comments submitted by other people?

    You may read the comments received by Docket Management at the 
address given above under ADDRESSES. The hours of the Docket are 
indicated above in the same location.
    You may also see the comments on the internet. To read the comments 
on the internet, take the following steps:
    (1) Go to the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) at http://www.regulations.gov.
    (2) FDMS provides two basic methods of searching to retrieve 
dockets and docket materials that are available in the system: (a) 
``Quick Search'' to search using a full-text search engine, or (b) 
``Advanced Search,'' which displays various indexed fields such as the 
docket name, docket identification number, phase of the action, 
initiating office, date of issuance, document title, document 
identification number, type of document, Federal Register reference, 
CFR citation, etc. Each data field in the advanced search may be 
searched independently or in combination with other fields, as desired. 
Each search yields a simultaneous display of all available information 
found in FDMS that is relevant to the requested subject or topic.
    (3) You may download the comments. However, since the comments are 
imaged documents, instead of word processing documents, the ``pdf'' 
versions of the documents are word searchable.
    Please note that even after the comment closing date, we will 
continue to file relevant information in the Docket as it becomes 
available. Further, some people may submit late comments. Accordingly, 
we recommend that you periodically check the Docket for new material.

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 30111, 30168; delegation of authority at 
49 CFR 1.95 and 501.8.

    Issued in Washington, DC.
Terry T. Shelton,
Associate Administrator for the National Center for Statistics and 
Analysis.
[FR Doc. 2018-11671 Filed 5-30-18; 8:45 am]
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