[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 18 (Friday, January 26, 2018)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 3636-3656]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2018-00470]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Parts 51, 60, and 63

[EPA-HQ-OAR-2016-0510; FRL-9972-22-OAR]
RIN 2060-AS95


Revisions to Testing Regulations for Air Emission Sources

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: This action proposes corrections and updates to regulations 
for source testing of emissions. The proposed rule includes corrections 
to testing provisions that contain inaccuracies, updates to outdated 
procedures, and approved alternative procedures that provide testers 
enhanced flexibility. The revisions will improve the quality of data 
but will not impose new substantive requirements on source owners or 
operators.

DATES: Comments. Written comments must be received by March 27, 2018.
    Public Hearing. The EPA will hold a public hearing on this rule if 
requested. Requests for a hearing must be made by February 5, 2018. 
Requests for a hearing should be made to Mrs. Lula H. Melton via email 
at melton.lula@epa.gov or by phone at (919) 541-2910. If a hearing is 
requested, it will be held on February 26, 2018 at EPA Headquarters, 
William Jefferson Clinton East Building, 1201 Constitution Avenue NW, 
Washington, DC 20004.

ADDRESSES: Submit your comments, identified by Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-
OAR-2016-0510 at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the online 
instructions for submitting comments. Once submitted, comments cannot 
be edited or removed from Regulations.gov. The EPA may publish any 
comment received to its public docket. Do not submit electronically any 
information you consider to be Confidential Business Information (CBI) 
or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. 
Multimedia submissions (audio, video, etc.) must be accompanied by a 
written comment. The written comment is considered the official comment 
and should include discussion of all points you wish to make. The EPA 
will generally not consider comments or comment contents located 
outside of the primary submission (i.e., on the Web, Cloud, or other 
file sharing system). For additional submission methods, the full EPA 
public comment policy, information about CBI or multimedia submissions, 
and general guidance on making effective comments, please visit http://www.epa.gov/dockets/commenting-epa-dockets.
    All documents in the docket are listed on the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed on the website, some 
information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other information 
whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such 
as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be 
publicly available only in hard copy. Publicly available docket 
materials are available either electronically at http://www.regulations.gov or in hard copy at the EPA Docket Center, Room 
3334, EPA WJC West Building, 1301 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, 
DC 20004. The Public Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., 
Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number 
for the Public Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number 
for the EPA Docket Center is (202) 566-1742.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Mrs. Lula H. Melton, Office of Air 
Quality Planning and Standards, Air Quality Assessment Division (E143-
02), Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711; 
telephone number: (919) 541-2910; fax number: (919) 541-0516; email 
address: melton.lula@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 
    The supplementary information in this preamble is organized as 
follows:

I. General Information
    A. Does this action apply to me?
    B. What action is the agency taking?
II. Background
III. Summary of Proposed Amendments
    A. Method 201A of Appendix M of Part 51
    B. Method 204 of Appendix M of Part 51
    C. Method 205 of Appendix M of Part 51

[[Page 3637]]

    D. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 60
    E. Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators (Subpart D) Part 60
    F. Electric Utility Steam Generating Units (Subpart Da) Part 60
    G. Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units 
(Subpart Db) Part 60
    H. Small Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating 
Units (Subpart Dc) Part 60
    I. Municipal Waste Combustors for Which Construction is 
Commenced After December 20, 1989 and on or Before September 20, 
1994 (Subpart Ea) Part 60
    J. Glass Manufacturing Plants (Subpart CC) Part 60
    K. New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic 
Heaters and Forced-Air Furnaces (Subpart QQQQ) Part 60
    L. Method 2B of Appendix A-1 of Part 60
    M. Method 5 of Appendix A-3 of Part 60
    N. Method 5B of Appendix A-3 of Part 60
    O. Method 5I of Appendix A-3 of Part 60
    P. Method 7 of Appendix A-4 of Part 60
    Q. Method 8 of Appendix A-4 of Part 60
    R. Method 18 of Appendix A-6 of Part 60
    S. Method 22 of Appendix A-7 of Part 60
    T. Method 26 of Appendix A-8 of Part 60
    U. Method 26A of Appendix A-8 of Part 60
    V. Test Method 28WHH of Appendix A-8 of Part 60
    W. Performance Specification 1 of Appendix B of Part 60
    X. Performance Specification 2 of Appendix B of Part 60
    Y. Performance Specification 3 of Appendix B of Part 60
    Z. Performance Specification 11 of Appendix B of Part 60
    AA. Performance Specification 15 of Appendix B of Part 60
    BB. Performance Specification 18 of Appendix B of Part 60
    CC. Procedure 1 of Appendix F of Part 60
    DD. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 63
    EE. Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing (Subpart NNN) Part 63
    FF. Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional 
Boilers and Process Heaters (Subpart DDDDD) Part 63
    GG. Coal- and Oil-Fired Electric Utility Steam Generating Units 
(Subpart UUUUU) Part 63
    HH. Method 303 of Appendix A of Part 63
    II. Method 308 of Appendix A of Part 63
    JJ. Method 320 of Appendix A of Part 63
    KK. Method 323 of Appendix A of Part 63
    LL. Method 325A of Appendix A of Part 63
    MM. Method 325B of Appendix A of Part 63
IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
    A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and 
Executive Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review
    B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs
    C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)
    D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)
    E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)
    F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism
    G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With 
Indian Tribal Governments
    H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From 
Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks
    I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use
    J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act and 1 CFR 
Part 51
    K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address 
Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income 
Populations

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

    The proposed amendments apply to industries that are subject to the 
current provisions of parts 51, 60, and 63. We did not list all of the 
specific affected industries or their North American Industry 
Classification System (NAICS) codes herein since there are many 
affected sources in numerous NAICS categories. If you have any 
questions regarding the applicability of this action to a particular 
entity, consult either the air permitting authority for the entity or 
your EPA Regional representative as listed in 40 CFR 63.13.

B. What action is the agency taking?

    This action makes corrections and revisions to source test methods, 
performance specifications (PS), quality assurance/quality control (QA/
QC) procedures, and testing regulations. The corrections and revisions 
consist primarily of typographical errors, updates to testing 
procedures, and the addition of alternative equipment and methods the 
Agency has deemed acceptable to use.

II. Background

    The EPA catalogs errors and corrections, as well as necessary 
revisions to test methods, PS, QA/QC procedures, and associated 
regulations in 40 CFR parts 51, 60, and 63 and periodically updates and 
revises these provisions. The most recent updates and revisions were 
promulgated on August 30, 2016 (81 FR 59800). This proposed rule 
addresses necessary corrections and revisions identified subsequent to 
that final action, many of which were brought to our attention by 
regulated sources and end-users, such as environmental consultants and 
compliance professionals. These revisions will improve the quality of 
data obtained and give source testers the flexibility to use newly-
approved alternative procedures.

III. Summary of Proposed Amendments

    The following amendments are being proposed.

A. Method 201A of Appendix M of Part 51

    In Method 201A, in section 12.5, the denominator of equation 24 
would be corrected.

B. Method 204 of Appendix M of Part 51

    In Method 204, in section 8.2, the statement regarding equation 
204-2 would be corrected to ``The NEAR must be <=0.05.''

C. Method 205 of Appendix M of Part 51

    In Method 205, section 2.1.1 would be revised to allow the use of 
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)-traceable 
transfer standards to calibrate the gas dilution system because these 
standards are widely available and provide the accuracy necessary to 
perform the calibration. Section 2.1.1 would also be revised to require 
testers to report the results of the calibration of the dilution system 
to enable the regulatory authority to review this information.

D. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 60

    In the General Provisions of part 60, section 60.17(h) would be 
revised to add American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) D6216-
12 to the list of incorporations by reference and to re-number the 
remaining consensus standards that are incorporated by reference in 
alpha-numeric order.

E. Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam Generators (Subpart D) Part 60

    In subpart D, the allowed filter temperature in section 
60.46(b)(2)(i) would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 160 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

F. Electric Utility Steam Generating Units (Subpart Da) Part 60

    In subpart Da, the allowed filter temperature in section 60.50Da 
(b)(1)(ii)(A) would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 160 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

G. Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units (Subpart 
Db) Part 60

    In subpart Db, the allowed filter temperature in section 
60.46b(d)(4) would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 160 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

[[Page 3638]]

H. Small Industrial-Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units 
(Subpart Dc) Part 60

    In subpart Dc, the allowed filter temperature in section 
60.45c(a)(5) would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 160 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

I. Municipal Waste Combustors for Which Construction Is Commenced After 
December 20, 1989 and on or Before September 20, 1994 (Subpart Ea) Part 
60

    In subpart Ea, the allowed filter temperature in section 
60.58a(b)(3) would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 160 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

J. Glass Manufacturing Plants (Subpart CC) Part 60

    In subpart CC, the allowed filter temperature in section 60.293(f) 
would be revised from 120 14 [deg]C to 120 5 
[deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable particulate 
matter (PM) measurements. The allowed filter temperature in section 
60.296(d)(2) would be revised from 177 14 [deg]C to 177 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

K. New Residential Wood Heaters, New Residential Hydronic Heaters and 
Forced-Air Furnaces Part 60

    In subpart QQQQ, in Method 28WHH, in section 13.5.1, equation 8 
would be corrected.

L. Method 2B of Appendix A-1 of Part 60

    In Method 2B, in section 12.1, the definition of ambient carbon 
dioxide concentration would be revised because the global monthly mean 
(CO2)a concentration varies over time. Also, a 
website link would be added to the definition.

M. Method 5 of Appendix A-3 of Part 60

    The allowed filter temperature in Method 5, sections 2.0, 6.1.1.2, 
6.1.1.6, 6.1.1.7, and 8.5 would be revised from 120 14 
[deg]C to 120 5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of 
the filterable PM measurements. Section 6.1.1.9 would be revised to 
allow the use of a single temperature sensor in lieu of two temperature 
sensors on the dry gas meter as allowed by Technical Information 
Document 19 (TID-19) and the approved broadly applicable alternative, 
ALT-117 (see https://www.epa.gov/emc).

N. Method 5B of Appendix A-3 of Part 60

    The allowed filter temperature in Method 5B, sections 2.0, 6.1, and 
8.2 would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 160 5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable PM 
measurements. Section 11.0 would be revised to replace the reference to 
Method 5, section 11.0 with specific analytical procedures and to 
report the results using Figure 5B-1 for complete data review. Section 
17.0 would be revised to delete the word ``Reserved'' from the title, 
and Figure 5B-1 (Analytical Data Sheet) would be added.

O. Method 5I of Appendix A-3 of Part 60

    In Method 5I, sections 2.1 and 8.5.2.2 would be revised to tighten 
the allowed filter temperature from 120 14 [deg]C to 120 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

P. Method 7 of Appendix A-4 of Part 60

    In Method 7, sections 10.1.2 and 11.3 reference erroneous sections; 
the correct sections would be inserted.

Q. Method 8 of Appendix A-4 of Part 60

    In Method 8, sections 6.1.1.1 through 6.1.1.4 would be renumbered 
to 6.1.1.2 through 6.1.1.5; a new section 6.1.1.1 would be added to 
clarify the requirements that apply to the probe nozzle; and Figure 8-1 
(Sulfuric Acid Sampling Train) would be corrected.

R. Method 18 of Appendix A-6 of Part 60

    In Method 18, in section 13.1, the erroneous paragraph (c) 
designation would be re-designated as (b).

S. Method 22 of Appendix A-7 of Part 60

    In Method 22, sections 11.2.1 and 11.2.2 would be revised to allow 
digital photography to be used for a subset of the recordkeeping 
requirements. Section 11.2.3 would be added to allow digital 
photographic records. Note that ALT-109 (see https://www.epa.gov/emc) 
is the associated broadly applicable alternative that allows the use of 
digital photographs for specific recordkeeping requirements.

T. Method 26 of Appendix A-8 of Part 60

    In Method 26, section 6.2.2 would be revised to allow the use of 
glass sample storage containers as an option to allow flexibility and 
to be consistent with Method 26A.

U. Method 26A of Appendix A-8 of Part 60

    In Method 26A, section 6.2.1 would be revised to remove the 
language regarding sample storage containers. We have determined that 
high-density polyethylene is an acceptable material for sample storage 
containers in addition to the currently allowed glass. Therefore, we 
would allow both high-density polyethylene and glass in a new section 
6.2.4.

V. Test Method 28WHH of Appendix A-8 of Part 60

    In Test Method 28WHH, equation 8 in section 13.5.1 would be 
corrected.

W. Performance Specification 1 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 1, references to ASTM D6216-98 (in 
sections 2.1, 3.1, 6.1, 8.1(1), 8.1(3)(ii), 8.2(1), 8.2(2), 8.2(3), 
9.0, 12.1, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.0 reference 8. will be replaced with ASTM 
D6216-12. Note: If the initial certification of the continuous opacity 
monitoring system (COMS) has already occurred using D6216-98, D6216-03, 
or D6216-07, it will not be necessary to recertify using D6216-12.

X. Performance Specification 2 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 2, section 13.2 would be replaced with 
a table that indicates the relative accuracy performance 
specifications.

Y. Performance Specification 3 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 3, the two sentences in section 12.0 
that read, ``Calculate the arithmetic difference between the RM and the 
CEMS output for each run. The average difference of the nine (or more) 
data sets constitute the RA.'' would be deleted; these two sentences 
are no longer necessary since equations 3-1 and 3-2 would be moved from 
section 13.2 to section 12.0.

Z. Performance Specification 11 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 11, section 13.1, the word ``average'' 
erroneously exists in the second sentence and would be deleted.

AA. Performance Specification 15 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 15, section 13.0 would be added as 
``Method Performance (Reserved).''

BB. Performance Specification 18 of Appendix B of Part 60

    In Performance Specification 18, in section 11.8.7, the last 
sentence would

[[Page 3639]]

be revised to clarify the duration of the drift check. In Table 1, the 
erroneous acronym ``NO2'' would be replaced with ``NO.'' In 
the appendix of Performance Specification 18, the inadvertently omitted 
reserved section 12.0 would be added.

CC. Procedure 1 of Appendix F of Part 60

    In Procedure 1, in section 5.1.2 (1), the sentence immediately 
following the table that reads, ``Challenge the CEMS three times at 
each audit point, and use the average of the three responses in 
determining accuracy.'' would be replaced with, ``Inject each of the 
audit gases, three times each for a total of six injections. Inject the 
gases in such a manner that the entire CEMS is challenged. Do not 
inject the same gas concentration twice in succession.'' In section 
5.1.2 (3), the reference to EPA's traceability protocol for gaseous 
calibration standards would be updated, and the language regarding the 
use of EPA Method 205 for dilution of audit gases would be clarified.

DD. General Provisions (Subpart A) of Part 63

    Sections 63.7(g)(2), 63.7(g)(2)(v), and 63.8(e)(5)(i) of the 
General Provisions (subpart A) of part 63 would be revised to require 
the reporting of specific test data for continuous monitoring system 
performance evaluation tests and ongoing QA tests. These data elements 
would be required regardless of the format of the report, i.e., 
electronic or paper. These modifications will ensure that performance 
evaluation and quality assurance test reporting include all data 
necessary for the compliance authority to assess and assure the quality 
of the reported data and that the reported information describes and 
identifies the specific unit covered by the evaluation test report.

EE. Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing (Subpart NNN) Part 63

    In subpart NNN, the allowed filter temperature in Sec.  
63.1385(a)(5) would be revised from 120 14 [deg]C to 120 
5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the filterable 
PM measurements.

FF. Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Boilers 
and Process Heaters (Subpart DDDDD) Part 63

    In Table 6 of subpart DDDDD, row 1.f. would be revised to allow the 
use of EPA SW-846-7471B (for liquid samples) in addition to EPA SW-846-
7470A for measuring mercury to allow flexibility.

GG. Coal- and Oil-Fired Electric Utility Steam Generating Units 
(Subpart UUUUU) Part 63

    In subpart UUUUU, the allowed filter temperature in Sec.  
63.10010(h)(7)(i)(1) would be revised from 160 14 [deg]C to 
160 5 [deg]C resulting in increased precision of the 
filterable PM measurements. In Table 5, Method 5I would be allowed as a 
test method option because Method 5I is designed for low PM 
application.

HH. Method 303 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 303, section 12.4, equation 303-3 would be corrected by 
inserting ``where y = '' in front of the equation.

II. Method 308 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 308, deionized distilled water would replace the aqueous 
n-proponal solution; the affected sections are 2.0, 7.2.2, 7.2.3.3, and 
11.3.2. Section 7.2.2, which defines the aqueous n-proponal solution, 
would be removed. Section 8.1.2 would be revised to require a leak 
check prior to the sampling run (in addition to after the sampling run) 
for QA purposes; requiring a leak check prior to the sampling run would 
potentially save time and money. In section 9.1, methanol spike 
recovery check would be added as a QC measure in Table 9.1. In section 
12.1, variables used in equations 308-4 and 308-5 would be added and 
section 12.5, which includes equations 308-4 and 308-5, would be added. 
In section 13.0, the title ``Reserved'' would be replaced with ``Method 
Performance'' and QA requirements would be added to be consistent with 
other methods.

JJ. Method 320 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In section 8.2.2.4, the denominator in equation 2 would be 
corrected from PSS to PS. In section 9.2.3, the 
word ``where'' in the statement ``Calculate the dilution ratio using 
the tracer gas as follows: where:'' would be deleted. Also in section 
9.2.3, ``dir'' on the definition of spike is inadvertently 
superscripted and would be subscripted.

KK. Method 323 of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 323, section 12.9, the denominator in equation 323-8 
would be corrected.

LL. Method 325A of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 325A, section 8.2.1.3 would be revised to clarify that 
only one extra sampling site is required near known sources of volatile 
organic compounds (VOCs) when the source is within 50 meters of the 
boundary and the source is located between two monitors. The label 
under Figure 8.1 would be corrected from Refinery (20% angle) to 
Refinery (20[deg] angle). Section 8.2.3.2 would be revised to include 
facilities with a monitoring perimeter length equal to 7,315 meters 
(24,000 feet). Section 8.2.3.3 would be added to provide clarification 
and an equivalent procedure in Option 2 (linear distance between sites) 
for site locations that parallel section 8.2.2.2.4 in Option 1 (radial 
distance between sites).

MM. Method 325B of Appendix A of Part 63

    In Method 325B, section 9.3.2 would be revised to correct an error 
in the number of field blank samples required for a sampling period and 
to provide consistency with the sample analysis required in Method 
325B. In sections 9.13 and 11.3.2.5, the erroneous reference to section 
10.6.3 would be corrected to 10.0. Also in section 11.3.2.5, the 
erroneous reference to section 10.9.5 would be corrected to 9.13. 
Section 12.2.2 would be revised to correct the calculation of target 
compound concentrations at standard conditions. Sections 12.2.3 and 
12.2.4 would be deleted because the equations for target concentrations 
are incorrect. Table 17-1 would be revised to add inadvertently omitted 
QC criteria from section 9.3.3.

IV. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    Additional information about these statutes and Executive Orders 
can be found at http://www2.epa.gov/laws-regulations/laws-and-executive-orders.

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review and Executive 
Order 13563: Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review

    This action is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under the 
terms of Executive Order (E.O.) 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) 
and is, therefore, not subject to review under Executive Orders 12866 
and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011).

B. Executive Order 13771: Reducing Regulations and Controlling 
Regulatory Costs

    This action is expected to be an Executive Order 13771 deregulatory 
action. This proposed rule is expected to provide meaningful burden 
reduction by improving data quality and providing source testers the 
flexibility to use newly-approved alternative procedures.

[[Page 3640]]

C. Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA)

    This action does not impose an information collection burden under 
the PRA. The amendments being proposed in this action to the test 
methods, performance specifications, and testing regulations do not 
substantively revise the existing information collection requirements 
but rather only make corrections and minor updates to existing testing 
methodology. In addition, the proposed amendments clarify performance 
testing requirements.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA)

    I certify that this action will not have a significant economic 
impact on a substantial number of small entities under the RFA. In 
making this determination, the impact of concern is any significant 
adverse economic impact on small entities. An agency may certify that a 
rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial 
number of small entities if the rule relieves regulatory burden, has no 
net burden or otherwise has a positive economic effect on the small 
entities subject to the rule. This proposed rule will not impose 
emission measurement requirements beyond those specified in the current 
regulations, nor does it change any emission standard. We have, 
therefore, concluded that this action will have no net regulatory 
burden for all directly regulated small entities.

E. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (UMRA)

    This action does not contain any unfunded mandate as described in 
UMRA, 2 U.S.C. 1531-1538, and does not significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. The action imposes no enforceable duty on any state, 
local or tribal governments or the private sector.

F. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    This action does not have federalism implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on the states, on the relationship between 
the national government and the states, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government.

G. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination With Indian 
Tribal Governments

    This action does not have tribal implications, as specified in 
Executive Order 13175. This action would correct and update existing 
testing regulations. Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this 
action.

H. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health Risks and Safety Risks

    The EPA interprets Executive Order 13045 as applying only to those 
regulatory actions that concern environmental health or safety risks 
that the EPA has reason to believe may disproportionately affect 
children, per the definition of ``covered regulatory action'' in 
section 2-202 of the Executive Order. This action is not subject to 
Executive Order 13045 because it does not concern an environmental 
health risk or safety risk.

I. Executive Order 13211: Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution or Use

    This action is not subject to Executive Order 13211, because it is 
not a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

J. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act and 1 CFR Part 51

    This action involves technical standards. The EPA proposes to use 
ASTM D6216-12 for continuous opacity monitors in Performance 
Specification 1. The ASTM D6216-12 standard covers the procedure for 
certifying continuous opacity monitors and includes design and 
performance specifications, test procedures, and QA requirements to 
ensure that continuous opacity monitors meet minimum design and 
calibration requirements, necessary in part, for accurate opacity 
monitoring measurements in regulatory environmental opacity monitoring 
applications subject to 10 percent or higher opacity standards.
    The ASTM D6216-12 standard was developed and adopted by the 
American Society for Testing and Materials. The standard may be 
obtained from http://www.astm.org or from the ASTM at 100 Barr Harbor 
Drive, P.O. Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959.

K. Executive Order 12898: Federal Actions To Address Environmental 
Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income Populations

    The EPA believes that this action is not subject to Executive Order 
12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994) because it does not establish an 
environmental health or safety standard. This action would correct and 
update existing testing regulations.

List of Subjects

40 CFR Part 51

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Performance 
specifications, Test methods and procedures.

40 CFR Part 60

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Incorporation by 
reference, Performance specifications, Test methods and procedures.

40 CFR Part 63

    Environmental protection, Air pollution control, Performance 
specifications, Test methods and procedures.

    Dated: December 11, 2017.
E. Scott Pruitt,
Administrator.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble, the Environmental 
Protection Agency proposes to amend title 40, chapter I of the Code of 
Federal Regulations as follows:

PART 51--REQUIREMENTS FOR PREPARATION, ADOPTION, AND SUBMITTAL OF 
IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

0
1. The authority citation for part 51 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 23 U.S.C. 101; 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q.

0
2. Amend appendix M to part 51 as follows:
0
a. Revise section 12.5, equation 24, in Method 201A.
0
b. Revise the last sentence in section 8.2 in Method 204.
0
c. Revise section 2.1.1 in Method 205.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix M to Part 51--Recommended Test Methods for State 
Implementation Plans

* * * * *

Method 201A--Determination of PM10 and PM2.5 
Emissions From Stationary Sources (Constant Sampling Rate Procedure)

* * * * *
    12.5 Equations. Use the following equations to complete the 
calculations required in this test method.
* * * * *
    Sampling Dwell Time at Each Point. Ntp is the total 
number of traverse points. You must use the preliminary velocity 
traverse data.

[[Page 3641]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.000

* * * * *

Method 204--Criteria for and Verification of a Permanent or Temporary 
Total Enclosure

* * * * *
    8.2 * * *
    The NEAR must be <=0.05.
* * * * *

Method 205--Verification of Gas Dilution Systems for Field Instrument 
Calibrations

* * * * *
    2.1.1 The gas dilution system shall be recalibrated once per 
calendar year using NIST-traceable flow standards with an 
uncertainty <=0.25 percent. You shall report the results of the 
calibration by the person or manufacturer who carried out the 
calibration whenever the dilution system is used, listing the date 
of the most recent calibration, the due date for the next 
calibration, calibration point, reference flow device (ID, S/N), and 
acceptance criteria. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for the 
operation and use of the gas dilution system. A copy of the 
manufacturer's instructions for the operation of the instrument, as 
well as the most recent calibration documentation shall be made 
available for inspection at the test site.
* * * * *

PART 60--STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES

0
3. The authority citation for part 60 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

0
4. In Sec.  60.17:
0
a. Redesignate paragraphs (h)(177) through (h)(209) as (h)(178) through 
(h)(210).
0
b. Add new paragraph (h)(177).
    The addition reads as follows:


Sec.  60.17  Incorporations by reference.

* * * * *
    (h) * * *
    (177) ASTM D6216-12, Standard Practice for Opacity Monitor 
Manufacturers to Certify Conformance with Design and Performance 
Specifications, IBR approved for appendix B to part 60: Performance 
Specification 1.
* * * * *

Subpart D--Standards of Performance for Fossil-Fuel-Fired Steam 
Generators

0
5. Revise Sec.  60.46(b)(2)(i) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.46  Test methods and procedures.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) * * *
    (i) The sampling time and sample volume for each run shall be at 
least 60 minutes and 0.85 dscm (30 dscf). The probe and filter holder 
heating systems in the sampling train shall be set to provide an 
average gas temperature of 160 5 [deg]C (320 9[emsp14][deg]F).
* * * * *

Subpart Da--Standards of Performance for Electric Utility Steam 
Generating Units

0
6. Revise Sec.  60.50Da (b)(1)(ii)(A) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.50Da  Compliance determination procedures and methods.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) The sampling time and sample volume for each run shall be at 
least 120 minutes and 1.70 dscm (60 dscf). The probe and filter holder 
heating system in the sampling train may be set to provide an average 
gas temperature of no greater than 160 5 [deg]C (320 9[emsp14][deg]F).
* * * * *

Subpart Db--Standards of Performance for Industrial-Commercial-
Institutional Steam Generating Units

0
7. Revise Sec.  60.46b (d)(4) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.46b  Compliance and performance test methods and procedures 
for particulate matter and nitrogen oxides.

* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (4) For Method 5 of appendix A of this part, the temperature of the 
sample gas in the probe and filter holder is monitored and is 
maintained at 160 5 [deg]C (320 9[emsp14][deg]F).
* * * * *

Subpart Dc--Standards of Performance for Small Industrial-
Commercial-Institutional Steam Generating Units

0
8. Revise Sec.  60.45c(a)(5) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.45c  Compliance and performance test methods and procedures 
for particulate matter.

    (a) * * *
    (5) For Method 5 or 5B of appendix A of this part, the temperature 
of the sample gas in the probe and filter holder shall be monitored and 
maintained at 160 5 [deg]C (320 9[emsp14][deg]F).
* * * * *

Subpart Ea--Standards of Performance for Municipal Waste Combustors 
for Which Construction Is Commenced After December 20, 1989 and On 
or Before September 20, 1994

0
9. Revise Sec.  60.58a(b)(3) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.58a  Compliance and performance testing.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (3) Method 5 shall be used for determining compliance with the 
particulate matter emission limit. The minimum sample volume shall be 
1.7 cubic meters (60 cubic feet). The probe and filter holder heating 
systems in the sample train shall be set to provide a gas temperature 
of 160[deg] 5 [deg]C (320[deg] 9[emsp14][deg]F). An oxygen or carbon dioxide measurement shall 
be obtained simultaneously with each Method 5 run.
* * * * *

Subpart CC--Standards of Performance for Glass Manufacturing Plants

0
10. Revise Sec.  60.293(f) to read as follows:


Sec.  60.293  Standards for particulate matter from glass melting 
furnace with modified-processes.

* * * * *
    (f) Test methods and procedures as specified in Sec.  60.296 shall 
be used to determine compliance with this section except that to 
determine compliance for any glass melting furnace using modified 
processes and fired with either a gaseous fuel or a liquid fuel 
containing less than 0.50 weight percent sulfur, Method 5 shall be used 
with the probe and filter holder heating system in the sampling train 
set to provide a gas temperature of 120 5 [deg]C (248 
9[emsp14][deg]F).
* * * * *
0
11. Revise Sec.  60.296(d)(2) to read as follows:

[[Page 3642]]

Sec.  60.296  Test methods and procedures.

* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (2) Method 5 shall be used to determine the particulate matter 
concentration (cs) and volumetric flow rate (Qsd) 
of the effluent gas. The sampling time and sample volume for each run 
shall be at least 60 minutes and 0.90 dscm (31.8 dscf). The probe and 
filter holder heating system may be set to provide a gas temperature no 
greater than 177 5 [deg]C (350 9[emsp14][deg]F), except under the conditions specified in Sec.  
60.293(e).
* * * * *
0
12. Revise ``(CO2)a'' in section 12.1 in Method 
2B of appendix A-1 to part 60 to read as follows:

Appendix A-1 to Part 60--Test Methods 1 Through 2F

* * * * *

Method 2B--Determination of Exhaust Gas Volume Flow Rate From Gasoline 
Vapor Incinerators

* * * * *
    12.1 Nomenclature.
* * * * *

(CO2)a = Ambient carbon dioxide concentration, 
ppm (if not measured during the test period, may be assumed to equal 
the global monthly mean CO2 concentration posted at 
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/ccgg/trends/global.html#global_data).

* * * * *
0
13. In appendix A-3 to part 60:
0
a. Revise sections 2.0, 6.1.1.2, 6.1.1.6, 6.1.1.7, 6.1.1.9, and 8.5 in 
Method 5.
0
b. Revise sections 2.0, 6.1, 8.2, and 11.0 in Method 5B.
0
c. Add section 17.0 in Method 5B.
0
d. Revise sections 2.1 and 8.5.2.2 in Method 5I.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A-3 to Part 60--Test Methods 4 Through 5I

* * * * *

Method 5--Determination of Particulate Matter Emissions From Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    2.0 Summary of Method. Particulate matter is withdrawn 
isokinetically from the source and collected on a glass fiber filter 
maintained at a temperature of 120 5 [deg]C (248 9 [deg]F) or such other temperature as specified by an 
applicable subpart of the standards or approved by the Administrator 
for a particular application. The PM mass, which includes any 
material that condenses at or above the filtration temperature, is 
determined gravimetrically after the removal of uncombined water.
* * * * *
    6.1.1.2 Probe Liner. Borosilicate or quartz glass tubing with a 
heating system capable of maintaining a probe gas temperature during 
sampling of 120 5 [deg]C (248 9 [deg]F), or 
such other temperature as specified by an applicable subpart of the 
standards or as approved by the Administrator for a particular 
application. Since the actual temperature at the outlet of the probe 
is not usually monitored during sampling, probes constructed 
according to APTD-0581 and utilizing the calibration curves of APTD-
0576 (or calibrated according to the procedure outlined in APTD-
0576) will be considered acceptable. Either borosilicate or quartz 
glass probe liners may be used for stack temperatures up to about 
480 [deg]C (900 [deg]F); quartz glass liners shall be used for 
temperatures between 480 and 900 [deg]C (900 and 1,650 [deg]F). Both 
types of liners may be used at higher temperatures than specified 
for short periods of time, subject to the approval of the 
Administrator. The softening temperature for borosilicate glass is 
820 [deg]C (1500 [deg]F), and for quartz glass it is 1500 [deg]C 
(2700 [deg]F). Whenever practical, every effort should be made to 
use borosilicate or quartz glass probe liners. Alternatively, metal 
liners (e.g., 316 stainless steel, Incoloy 825 or other corrosion 
resistant metals) made of seamless tubing may be used, subject to 
the approval of the Administrator.
* * * * *
    6.1.1.6 Filter Heating System. Any heating system capable of 
monitoring and maintaining temperature around the filter shall be 
used to ensure the sample gas temperature exiting the filter of 120 
 5 [deg]C (248 9 [deg]F) during sampling or 
such other temperature as specified by an applicable subpart of the 
standards or approved by the Administrator for a particular 
application. The monitoring and regulation of the temperature around 
the filter may be done with the filter temperature sensor or another 
temperature sensor.
    6.1.1.7 Filter Temperature Sensor. A temperature sensor capable 
of measuring temperature to within 3 [deg]C (5.4 [deg]F) 
shall be installed so that the sensing tip of the temperature sensor 
is in direct contact with the sample gas exiting the filter. The 
sensing tip of the sensor may be encased in glass, Teflon, or metal 
and must protrude at least \1/2\ in. into the sample gas exiting the 
filter. The filter temperature sensor must be monitored and recorded 
during sampling to ensure a sample gas temperature exiting the 
filter of 120 5 [deg]C (248 9 [deg]F), or 
such other temperature as specified by an applicable subpart of the 
standards or approved by the Administrator for a particular 
application.
* * * * *
    6.1.1.9 Metering System. Vacuum gauge, leak-free pump, 
calibrated temperature sensors, dry gas meter (DGM) capable of 
measuring volume to within 2 percent, and related equipment, as 
shown in Figure 5-1. Other metering systems capable of maintaining 
sampling rates within 10 percent of isokinetic and of determining 
sample volumes to within 2 percent may be used, subject to the 
approval of the Administrator. When the metering system is used in 
conjunction with a pitot tube, the system shall allow periodic 
checks of isokinetic rates. The average DGM temperature for use in 
the calculations of Section 12.0 may be obtained by averaging the 
two temperature sensors located at the inlet and outlet of the DGM 
as shown in Figure 5-3 or alternatively from a single temperature 
sensor located at the immediate outlet of the DGM or the plenum of 
the DGM.
* * * * *
    8.5 Sampling Train Operation. During the sampling run, maintain 
an isokinetic sampling rate (within 10 percent of true isokinetic 
unless otherwise specified by the Administrator) and a sample gas 
temperature through the filter of 120 5 [deg]C (248 
9 [deg]F) or such other temperature as specified by an 
applicable subpart of the standards or approved by the 
Administrator. Note: After startup of the sampling system, it may 
take several minutes to equilibrate the system and temperature 
reading to within the required temperature threshold.
* * * * *

Method 5B--Determination of Nonsulfuric Acid Particulate Matter 
Emissions From Stationary Sources

* * * * *

2.0 Summary of Method

    Particulate matter is withdrawn isokinetically from the source 
and collected on a glass fiber filter maintained at a temperature of 
160 5 [deg]C (320 9 [deg]F). The collected 
sample is then heated in an oven at 160 [deg]C (320 [deg]F) for 6 
hours to volatilize any condensed sulfuric acid that may have been 
collected, and the nonsulfuric acid particulate mass is determined 
gravimetrically.
* * * * *
    6.1 Sample Collection.
    The probe liner heating system and filter heating system must be 
capable of maintaining a sample gas temperature of 160 5 
[deg]C (320 9 [deg]F).
* * * * *
    8.2 Probe and Filter Temperatures.
    Maintain the probe outlet and filter temperatures at 160 5 [deg]C (320 9 [deg]F). Note: After start-up of 
the sampling system, it may take several minutes to equilibrate the 
system and temperature reading to within the required temperature 
threshold.
* * * * *

11.0 Analytical Procedure

    11.1 Record and report the data required on a sheet such as the 
one shown in Figure 5B-1.
    11.2 Handle each sample container as follows:
    11.2.1 Container No. 1. Leave the contents in the shipping 
container or transfer the filter and any loose PM from the sample 
container to a tared glass weighing dish. Oven dry the filter sample 
at a temperature of 160 5 [deg]C (320 9 
[deg]F) for 6 hours. Cool in a desiccator for 2 hours, and weigh to 
constant weight. Report the results to the nearest 0.1 mg. For the 
purposes of this section, the term ``constant weight'' means a 
difference of no more than 0.5 mg or 1 percent of total weight less 
tare weight, whichever is greater, between two consecutive 
weighings, with no less than 6 hours of desiccation time between 
weighings.
    11.2.2 Container No. 2. Note the level of liquid in the 
container, and confirm on the

[[Page 3643]]

analysis sheet whether leakage occurred during transport. If a 
noticeable amount of leakage has occurred, either void the sample or 
use methods, subject to the approval of the Administrator, to 
correct the final results. Measure the liquid in this container 
either volumetrically to 1 ml or gravimetrically to 
0.5 g. Transfer the contents to a tared 250 ml beaker, 
and evaporate to dryness at ambient temperature and pressure. Then 
oven dry the probe sample at a temperature of 160 5 
[deg]C (320 9 [deg]F) for 6 hours. Cool in a desiccator 
for 2 hours, and weigh to constant weight. Report the results to the 
nearest 0.1 mg.
    11.2.3 Container No. 3. Weigh the spent silica gel (or silica 
gel plus impinger) to the nearest 0.5 g using a balance. This step 
may be conducted in the field.
    11.2.4 Acetone Blank Container. Measure the acetone in this 
container either volumetrically or gravimetrically. Transfer the 
acetone to a tared 250 ml beaker, and evaporate to dryness at 
ambient temperature and pressure. Desiccate for 24 hours, and weigh 
to a constant weight. Report the results to the nearest 0.1 mg.

    Note:  The contents of Container No. 2 as well as the acetone 
blank container may be evaporated at temperatures higher than 
ambient. If evaporation is done at an elevated temperature, the 
temperature must be below the boiling point of the solvent; also, to 
prevent ``bumping,'' the evaporation process must be closely 
supervised, and the contents of the beaker must be swirled 
occasionally to maintain an even temperature. Use extreme care, as 
acetone is highly flammable and has a low flash point.

* * * * *

17.0 Tables, Diagrams, Flowcharts, and Validation Data

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                Weight of particulate collected, mg
                                            Container number                                             -----------------------------------------------
                                                                                                           Final weight     Tare weight     Weight gain
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.......................................................................................................
2.......................................................................................................
Total:..................................................................................................
Less acetone blank......................................................................................
Weight of particulate matter............................................................................
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


 
                                                                                                                              Volume of liquid water
                                                                                                                                     collected
                                                                                                                         -------------------------------
                                                                                                                             Impinger       Silica gel
                                                                                                                            volume, ml       weight, g
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Final...................................................................................................................
Initial.................................................................................................................
Liquid collected........................................................................................................
Total volume collected..................................................................................................  ..............           g* ml
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
*Convert weight of water to volume by dividing total weight increase by density of water (1 g/ml).

Figure 5B-1. Analytical Data Sheet

* * * * *

Method 5I--Determination of Low Level Particulate Emissions From 
Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    2.1. Description. The system setup and operation is essentially 
identical to Method 5. Particulate is withdrawn isokinetically from 
the source and collected on a 47 mm glass fiber filter maintained at 
a temperature of 120 5 [deg]C (248 9[emsp14][deg]F). The PM mass is determined by gravimetric 
analysis after the removal of uncombined water. Specific measures in 
this procedure designed to improve system performance at low 
particulate levels include:

1. Improved sample handling procedures
2. Light weight sample filter assembly
3. Use of low residue grade acetone

    Accuracy is improved through the minimization of systemic errors 
associated with sample handling and weighing procedures. High purity 
reagents, all glass, grease free, sample train components, and light 
weight filter assemblies and beakers, each contribute to the overall 
objective of improved precision and accuracy at low particulate 
concentrations.
* * * * *
    8.5.2.2 Care should be taken to maintain the filter box 
temperature of the paired trains as close as possible to the Method 
required temperature of 120 5 [deg]C (248 9[emsp14][deg]F). If separate ovens are being used for 
simultaneously operated trains, it is recommended that the oven 
temperature of each train be maintained within 5 [deg]C 
(9[emsp14][deg]F) of each other. Note: After startup of 
the sampling system, it may take several minutes to equilibrate the 
system and temperature reading to within the required temperature 
threshold.
* * * * *
0
14. In appendix A-4 to part 60:
0
a. Revise sections 10.1.2 and 11.3 in Method 7.
0
b. Redesignate sections 6.1.1.1 through 6.1.1.4 to read as sections 
6.1.1.2 through 6.1.1.5 in Method 8.
0
c. Add a new section 6.1.1.1 in Method 8.
0
d. Revise Figure 8-1 in Method 8.

Appendix A-4 to Part 60--Test Methods 6 Through 10B

* * * * *

Method 7--Determination of Nitrogen Oxide Emissions From Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    10.1.2 Determination of Spectrophotometer Calibration Factor 
Kc. Add 0 ml, 2.0 ml, 4.0 ml, 6.0 ml, and 8.0 ml of the 
KNO3 working standard solution (1 ml = 100 [mu]g 
NO2) to a series of five 50-ml volumetric flasks. To each 
flask, add 25 ml of absorbing solution and 10 ml water. Add 1 N NaOH 
to each flask until the pH is between 9 and 12 (about 25 to 35 
drops). Dilute to the mark with water. Mix thoroughly, and pipette a 
25-ml aliquot of each solution into a separate porcelain evaporating 
dish. Beginning with the evaporation step, follow the analysis 
procedure of section 11.2 until the solution has been transferred to 
the 100-ml volumetric flask and diluted to the mark. Measure the 
absorbance of each solution at the optimum wavelength as determined 
in section 10.1.1.2. This calibration procedure must be repeated on 
each day that samples are analyzed. Calculate the spectrophotometer 
calibration factor as shown in section 12.2.
* * * * *
    11.3 Sample Analysis. Mix the contents of the flask thoroughly, 
and measure the absorbance at the optimum wavelength used for the 
standards (Section 10.1.1.2), using the blank solution as a zero 
reference. Dilute the sample and the blank with equal volumes of 
water if the absorbance exceeds A4, the absorbance of the 
400-[mu]g NO2 standard (see section 10.1.3).
* * * * *

Method 8--Determination of Sulfuric Acid and Sulfur Dioxide Emissions 
From Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    6.1.1.1 Probe Nozzle. Borosilicate or quartz glass with a sharp, 
tapered leading edge and coupled to the probe liner using a Teflon 
union. When the stack temperature exceeds 210 [deg]C 
(410[emsp14][deg]F), a leak-free ground glass fitting or other leak 
free, non-contaminating fitting must be used to couple the nozzle to 
the probe liner. It is also acceptable to use a one-piece glass 
nozzle/liner assembly. The angle of the taper shall be >30[deg], and 
the taper shall be on the outside to preserve a constant internal 
diameter. The probe nozzle shall be of the button-hook or elbow 
design, unless otherwise specified by

[[Page 3644]]

the Administrator. Other materials of construction may be used, 
subject to the approval of the Administrator. A range of nozzle 
sizes suitable for isokinetic sampling should be available. Typical 
nozzle sizes range from 0.32 to 1.27 cm (\1/8\ to \1/2\ in) inside 
diameter (ID) in increments of 0.16 cm (\1/16\ in). Larger nozzles 
sizes are also available if higher volume sampling trains are used.
    6.1.1.2 Probe Liner. Borosilicate or quartz glass, with a 
heating system to prevent visible condensation during sampling. Do 
not use metal probe liners.
    6.1.1.3 Filter Holder. Borosilicate glass, with a glass frit 
filter support and a silicone rubber gasket. Other gasket materials 
(e.g., Teflon or Viton) may be used, subject to the approval of the 
Administrator. The holder design shall provide a positive seal 
against leakage from the outside or around the filter. The filter 
holder shall be placed between the first and second impingers. Do 
not heat the filter holder.
    6.1.1.4 Impingers. Four, of the Greenburg-Smith design, as shown 
in Figure 8-1. The first and third impingers must have standard 
tips. The second and fourth impingers must be modified by replacing 
the insert with an approximately 13-mm (\1/2\-in.) ID glass tube, 
having an unconstricted tip located 13 mm (\1/2\ in.) from the 
bottom of the impinger. Similar collection systems, subject to the 
approval of the Administrator, may be used.
    6.1.1.5 Temperature Sensor. Thermometer, or equivalent, to 
measure the temperature of the gas leaving the impinger train to 
within 1 [deg]C (2[emsp14][deg]F).
* * * * *
BILLING CODE 6560-50-P
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.001

BILLING CODE 6560-50-P
* * * * *
0
15. Redesignate paragraph (c) as paragraph (b) in section 13.1 in 
Method 18 of appendix A-6 to part 60 to read as follows:

Appendix A-6 to Part 60--Test Methods 16 Through 18

* * * * *

Method 18--Measurement of Gaseous Organic Compound Emissions by Gas 
Chromatography

* * * * *
    13.1 * * *
    (b) Recovery. After developing an appropriate sampling and 
analytical system for the pollutants of interest, conduct the 
procedure in section 8.4. Conduct the appropriate recovery study in 
section 8.4 at each sampling point where the method is being 
applied. Submit the data and results of the recovery procedure with 
the reporting of results under section 8.3.
* * * * *
0
16. In appendix A-7 to part 60:
0
a. Revise sections 11.2.1 and 11.2.2 in Method 22.
0
b. Add section 11.2.3 in Method 22.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A-7 to Part 60--Test Methods 19 Through 25E

* * * * *

Method 22--Visual Determination of Fugitive Emissions From Material 
Sources and Smoke Emissions From Flares

* * * * *
    11.2.1 Outdoor Location. Record the following information on the 
field data sheet (Figure 22-1): Company name, industry, process 
unit, observer's name, observer's affiliation, and date. Record also 
the

[[Page 3645]]

estimated wind speed, wind direction, and sky condition. Sketch the 
process unit being observed, and note the observer location relative 
to the source and the sun. Indicate the potential and actual 
emission points on the sketch. Alternatively, digital photography as 
described in Section 11.2.3 may be used for a subset of the 
recordkeeping requirements of this section.
    11.2.2 Indoor Location. Record the following information on the 
field data sheet (Figure 22-2): Company name, industry, process 
unit, observer's name, observer's affiliation, and date. Record as 
appropriate the type, location, and intensity of lighting on the 
data sheet. Sketch the process unit being observed, and note the 
observer location relative to the source. Indicate the potential and 
actual fugitive emission points on the sketch. Alternatively, 
digital photography as described in Section 11.2.3 may be used for a 
subset of the recordkeeping requirements of this section.
    11.2.3 Digital Photographic Records. Digital photographs, 
annotated or unaltered, may be used to record and report sky 
conditions, observer's location relative to the source, observer's 
location relative to the sun, process unit being observed, potential 
emission points and actual emission points for the requirements in 
Sections 11.2.1 and 11.2.2. The image must have the proper lighting, 
field of view and depth of field to properly distinguish the sky 
condition (if applicable), process unit, potential emission point 
and actual emission point. At least one digital photograph must be 
from the point of the view of the observer. The photograph(s) 
representing the environmental conditions must be taken within 
reasonable time of the observation (i.e., 15 mins). Any photographs 
altered or annotated must be retained in an unaltered format for 
recordkeeping purposes.
* * * * *
0
17. In appendix A-8 to part 60:
0
a. Revise section 6.2.2 in Method 26.
0
b. Revise section 6.2.1 in Method 26A.
0
c. Add section 6.2.4 in Method 26A.
0
d. Revise equation 8 in section 13.5.1 in Test Method 28WHH.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A-8 to Part 60--Test Methods 26 Through 30B

* * * * *

Method 26--Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions From 
Stationary Sources Non-Isokinetic Method

* * * * *
    6.2.2 Storage Bottles. 100- or 250-ml, high-density polyethylene 
or glass sample storage containers with Teflon screw cap liners to 
store impinger samples.
* * * * *

Method 26A--Determination of Hydrogen Halide and Halogen Emissions From 
Stationary Sources Isokinetic Method

* * * * *
    6.2.1 Probe-Liner and Probe-Nozzle Brushes, Wash Bottles, Petri 
Dishes, Graduated Cylinder and/or Balance, and Rubber Policeman. 
Same as Method 5, sections 6.2.1, 6.2.2, 6.2.4, 6.2.5, and 6.2.7.
* * * * *
    6.2.4 Sample Storage Containers. High-density polyethylene or 
glass sample storage containers with Teflon screw cap liners to 
store impinger samples.

Test Method 28WHH for Measurement of Particulate Emissions and Heating 
Efficiency of Wood-Fired Hydronic Heating Appliances

* * * * *
    13.5.1 * * *
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.002
    
* * * * *
0
18. In appendix B to part 60:
0
a. Revise sections 2.1, 3.1, 6.1, 8.1(1), 8.1(3)(ii), 8.2(1), 8.2(2), 
8.2(3), 9.0, 12.1, 13.1, 13.2, and 16.0 8. in Performance Specification 
1.
0
b. Revise section 13.2 in Performance Specification 2.
0
c. Revise sections 12.0 and 13.2 in Performance Specification 3.
0
d. Revise section 13.1 in Performance Specification 11.
0
e. Add section 13.0 in Performance Specification 15.
0
f. Revise section 11.8.7 and table 1 in Performance Specification 18.
0
g. Add section 12.0 to Appendix A of Performance Specification 18.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix B to Part 60--Performance Specifications

* * * * *

Performance Specification 1--Specifications and Test Procedures for 
Continuous Opacity Monitoring Systems in Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    2.1 ASTM D6216-12 (incorporated by reference, see Sec.  60.17) 
is the reference for design specifications, manufacturer's 
performance specifications, and test procedures. The opacity monitor 
manufacturer must periodically select and test an opacity monitor, 
that is representative of a group of monitors produced during a 
specified period or lot, for conformance with the design 
specifications in ASTM D6216-12. The opacity monitor manufacturer 
must test each opacity monitor for conformance with the 
manufacturer's performance specifications in ASTM D6216-12. Note: If 
the initial certification of the opacity monitor occurred before 
January 26, 2018 using D6216-98, D6216-03, or D6216-07, it is not 
necessary to recertify using D6216-12.
* * * * *
    3.1 All definitions and discussions from section 3 of ASTM 
D6216-12 are applicable to PS-1.
* * * * *
    6.1 Continuous Opacity Monitoring System. You, as owner or 
operator, are responsible for purchasing an opacity monitor that 
meets the specifications of ASTM D6216-12, including a suitable data 
recorder or automated data acquisition handling system. Example data 
recorders include an analog strip chart recorder or more 
appropriately an electronic data acquisition and reporting system 
with an input signal range compatible with the analyzer output.
* * * * *
    8.1 * * *
    (1) You must purchase an opacity monitor that complies with ASTM 
D6216-12 and obtain a certificate of conformance from the opacity 
monitor manufacturer.
    (2) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (ii) Calibration Error Check. Conduct a three-point calibration 
error test using three calibration attenuators that produce outlet 
pathlength corrected, single-pass opacity values shown in ASTM 
D6216-12, section 7.5. If your applicable limit is less than 10 
percent opacity, use attenuators as described in ASTM D6216-12, 
section 7.5 for applicable standards of 10 to 19 percent opacity. 
Confirm the external audit device produces the proper zero value on 
the COMS data recorder. Separately, insert each calibration 
attenuators (low, mid, and high-level) into the external audit 
device. While inserting each attenuator, (1) ensure that the entire 
light beam passes through the attenuator, (2) minimize interference 
from reflected light, and (3) leave the attenuator in place for at 
least two times the shortest recording interval on the COMS data 
recorder. Make a total of five nonconsecutive readings for each 
attenuator. At the end of the test, correlate each attenuator 
insertion to the corresponding value from the data recorder. 
Subtract the single-pass calibration attenuator values corrected to 
the stack exit conditions from the COMS responses. Calculate the 
arithmetic mean difference, standard deviation, and confidence 
coefficient of the five measurements value using equations 1-3, 1-4, 
and 1-5. Calculate the calibration error as the sum of the absolute 
value of the mean difference and the 95 percent confidence 
coefficient for each of the three test attenuators using equation 1-
6. Report the calibration error test results for each of the three 
attenuators.
* * * * *
    8.2 * * *
    (1) Conduct the verification procedures for design 
specifications in section 6 of ASTM D6216-12.

[[Page 3646]]

    (2) Conduct the verification procedures for performance 
specifications in section 7 of ASTM D6216-12.
    (3) Provide to the owner or operator, a report of the opacity 
monitor's conformance to the design and performance specifications 
required in sections 6 and 7 of ASTM D6216-12 in accordance with the 
reporting requirements of section 9 in ASTM D6216-12.
* * * * *

9.0 What quality control measures are required by PS-1?

    Opacity monitor manufacturers must initiate a quality program 
following the requirements of ASTM D6216-12, section 8. The quality 
program must include (1) a quality system and (2) a corrective 
action program.
* * * * *
    12.1 Desired Attenuator Values. Calculate the desired attenuator 
value corrected to the emission outlet pathlength as follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.003

Where:

OP1 = Nominal opacity value of required low-, mid-, or 
high-range calibration attenuators.
OP2 = Desired attenuator opacity value from ASTM D6216-
12, section 7.5 at the opacity limit required by the applicable 
subpart.
L1 = Monitoring pathlength.
L2 = Emission outlet pathlength.

* * * * *
    13.1 Design Specifications. The opacity monitoring equipment 
must comply with the design specifications of ASTM D6216-12.
    13.2 Manufacturer's Performance Specifications. The opacity 
monitor must comply with the manufacturer's performance 
specifications of ASTM D6216-12.
* * * * *

16.0 * * *
    8. ASTM D6216-12: Standard Practice for Opacity Monitor 
Manufacturers to Certify Conformance with Design and Performance 
Specifications. American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM). 
April 1998.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 2--Specifications and Test Procedures for 
SO2 and NOX Continuous Emission Monitoring 
Systems in Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    13.2 Relative Accuracy Performance Specification.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                            RA criteria
                                     Calculate . . .            (%)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
If average emissions during the  Use Eq. 2-6, with RM in           <20.0
 RATA are >=50% of emission       the denominator.
 standard.
If average emissions during the  Use Eq. 2-6, emission             <10.0
 RATA are <50% of emission        standard in the
 standard.                        denominator.
For SO2 emission standards <130  Use Eq. 2-6, emission             <15.0
 but 86 ng/J (0.30     standard in the
 and 0.20 lb/million Btu).        denominator.
For SO2 emission standards <86   Use Eq. 2-6, emission             <20.0
 ng/J (0.20 lb/million Btu).      standard in the
                                  denominator.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

Performance Specification 3--Specifications and Test Procedures for 
O2 and CO2 Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems 
in Stationary Sources

* * * * *

12.0 Calculations and Data Analysis

    Summarize the results on a data sheet similar to that shown in 
Figure 2.2 of PS2.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.004

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.005

* * * * *
    13.2 CEMS Relative Accuracy Performance Specification. The RA of 
the CEMS must be no greater than 20.0 percent of the mean value of 
the reference method

[[Page 3647]]

(RM) data when calculated using equation 3-1. The results are also 
acceptable if the result of Equation 3-2 is less than or equal to 
1.0 percent O2 (or CO2).
* * * * *

Performance Specification 11--Specifications and Test Procedures for 
Particulate Matter Continuous Emission Monitoring Systems at Stationary 
Sources

* * * * *
    13.1 What is the 7-day drift check performance specification? 
Your daily PM CEMS internal drift checks must demonstrate that the 
daily drift of your PM CEMS does not deviate from the value of the 
reference light, optical filter, Beta attenuation signal, or other 
technology-suitable reference standard by more than 2 percent of the 
response range. If your CEMS includes diluent and/or auxiliary 
monitors (for temperature, pressure, and/or moisture) that are 
employed as a necessary part of this performance specification, you 
must determine the calibration drift separately for each ancillary 
monitor in terms of its respective output (see the appropriate 
performance specification for the diluent CEMS specification). None 
of the calibration drifts may exceed their individual specification.
* * * * *

Performance Specification 15--Performance Specification for Extractive 
FTIR Continuous Emissions Monitor Systems in Stationary Sources

* * * * *

13.0 Method Performance [Reserved]

* * * * *

Performance Specification 18--Performance Specifications and Test 
Procedures for Gaseous Hydrogen Chloride (HCl) Continuous Emission 
Monitoring Systems at Stationary Sources

* * * * *
    11.8.7 The zero-level and mid-level CD for each day must be less 
than 5.0 percent of the span value as specified in section 13.2 of 
this PS. You must meet this criterion for 7 consecutive operating 
days.
* * * * *

              Table 1--Interference Test Gas Concentrations
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Approximate concentration
    Potential interferent gas \1\                 (balance N2)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
CO2..................................  15%  1% CO2.\2\
CO...................................  100  20 ppm.
CH2O.................................  20  5 ppm.
CH4..................................  100  20 ppm.
NH3..................................  10  5 ppm (extractive
                                        CEMS only).
NO...................................  250  50 ppm.
SO2..................................  200  20 ppm.
O2...................................  3%  1% O2.\2\
H2O..................................  10%  1% H2O.\2\
N2...................................  Balance.\2\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Any of these specific gases can be tested at a lower level if the
  manufacturer has provided reliable means for limiting or scrubbing
  that gas to a specified level in CEMS field installations.
\2\ Gases for short path IP cell interference tests cannot be added
  above 100 percent stack equivalent concentration. Add these gases at
  the indicated percentages to make up the remaining cell volume.

* * * * *

PS-18 Appendix A--Standard Addition Procedures

* * * * *

12.0 Reserved

* * * * *
0
19. Revise sections 5.1.2(1) and 5.1.2(3) in Procedure 1 of appendix F 
to part 60 to read as follows:

Appendix F to Part 60--Quality Assurance Procedures

Procedure 1--Quality Assurance Requirements for Gas Continuous Emission 
Monitoring Systems Used for Compliance Determination

* * * * *
    5.1.2 Cylinder Gas Audit (CGA). If applicable, a CGA may be 
conducted in three of four calendar quarters, but in no more than 
three quarters in succession.
    To conduct a CGA: (1) Challenge the CEMS (both pollutant and 
diluent portions of the CEMS, if applicable) with an audit gas of 
known concentration at two points within the following ranges:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Audit range
                                   -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Audit point                                                   Diluent monitors for--
                                     Pollutant monitors --------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 CO2                          O2
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.................................  20 to 30% of span    5 to 8% by volume..  4 to 6% by volume.
                                     value.
2.................................  50 to 60% of span    10 to 14% by volume  8 to 12% by volume.
                                     value.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Inject each of the audit gases, three times each for a total of 
six injections. Inject the gases in such a manner that the entire 
CEMS is challenged. Do not inject the same gas concentration twice 
in succession.
    Use of separate audit gas cylinder for audit points 1 and 2. Do 
not dilute gas from audit cylinder when challenging the CEMS.
    The monitor should be challenged at each audit point for a 
sufficient period of time to assure adsorption-desorption of the 
CEMS sample transport surfaces has stabilized.
    (2) * * *
    (3) Use Certified Reference Materials (CRM's) (See Citation 1) 
audit gases that have been certified by comparison to National 
Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference 
Materials (SRM's) or EPA Protocol Gases following the most recent 
edition of the EPA Traceability Protocol for Assay and Certification 
of Gaseous Calibration Standards (See Citation 2). Procedures for 
preparation of CRM's are described in Citation 1. Procedures for 
preparation of EPA Protocol Gases are described in Citation 2. In 
the case that a suitable audit gas level is not commercially 
available, Method 205 (See Citation 3) may be used to dilute CRM's 
or EPA Protocol Gases to the needed level. The difference between 
the actual concentration of the audit gas and the concentration 
indicated by the monitor is used to assess the accuracy of the CEMS.
* * * * *

PART 63--NATIONAL EMISSION STANDARDS FOR HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANTS 
FOR SOURCE CATEGORIES

0
20. The authority citation for part 63 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

0
21. In Sec.  63.7, revise paragraphs (g)(2) introductory text and 
(g)(2)(v) to read as follows:


Sec.  63.7   Performance testing requirements.

* * * * *
    (g) * * *
    (2) Contents of a performance test, CMS performance evaluation, or 
CMS quality assurance test report (electronic or paper submitted copy). 
Unless otherwise specified in a relevant standard, test method, CMS 
performance specification, or quality assurance requirement for a CMS, 
or as otherwise approved by the Administrator in writing, the report 
shall include the elements identified in paragraphs (g)(2)(i) through 
(vi) of this section.
* * * * *
    (v) Where a test method, CMS performance specification, or on-going 
quality assurance requirement for a CMS requires you record or report, 
the following shall be included in your

[[Page 3648]]

report: Record of preparation of standards, record of calibrations, raw 
data sheets for field sampling, raw data sheets for field and 
laboratory analyses, chain-of-custody documentation, and example 
calculations for reported results.
* * * * *
0
22. In Sec.  63.8, revise paragraph (e)(5)(i) to read as follows:


Sec.  63.8   Monitoring requirements.

* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (5) * * * (i) The owner or operator shall furnish the Administrator 
a copy of a written report of the results of the performance evaluation 
containing the information specified in Sec.  63.7(g)(2)(i) through 
(vi) within 60 days of completion of the performance evaluation, unless 
otherwise specified in a relevant standard.
* * * * *

Subpart NNN--National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air 
Pollutants for Wool Fiberglass Manufacturing

0
23. Revise Sec.  63.1385(a)(5) to read as follows:


Sec.  63.1385   Test methods and procedures.

    (a) * * *
    (5) Method 5 or Method 29 (40 CFR part 60, appendix A-3) for the 
concentration of total PM. When using Method 5, each run must consist 
of a minimum sample volume of 2 dry standard cubic meters (dscm). When 
using Method 29, each run must consist of a minimum sample volume of 3 
dscm. When measuring PM concentration using either Method 5 or 29, the 
probe and filter holder heating system must be set to provide a gas 
temperature no greater than 120 5 [deg]C (248 9 
[deg]F).
* * * * *

Subpart DDDDD--National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air 
Pollutants for Major Sources: Industrial, Commercial, and 
Institutional Boilers and Process Heaters

* * * * *
0
24. Revise Table 6 to Subpart DDDDD of part 63 to read as follows:

     Table 6 to Subpart DDDDD of Part 63--Fuel Analysis Requirements
    [As stated in Sec.   63.7521, you must comply with the following
       requirements for fuel analysis testing for existing, new or
 reconstructed affected sources. However, equivalent methods (as defined
 in Sec.   63.7575) may be used in lieu of the prescribed methods at the
               discretion of the source owner or operator]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
To conduct a fuel analysis for
 the following pollutant . . .    You must . . .        Using . . .
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Mercury....................  a. Collect fuel    Procedure in Sec.
                                 samples.           63.7521(c) or ASTM
                                                    D5192,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D7430,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D6883,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D2234/D2234M \a\
                                                    (for coal) or EPA
                                                    1631 or EPA 1631E or
                                                    ASTM D6323 \a\ (for
                                                    solid), or EPA 821-R-
                                                    01-013 (for liquid
                                                    or solid), or ASTM
                                                    D4177 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid), or ASTM
                                                    D4057 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                b. Composite fuel  Procedure in Sec.
                                 samples.           63.7521(d) or
                                                    equivalent.
                                c. Prepare         EPA SW-846-3050B \a\
                                 composited fuel    (for solid samples),
                                 samples.           ASTM D2013/D2013M
                                                    \a\ (for coal), ASTM
                                                    D5198 \a\ (for
                                                    biomass), or EPA
                                                    3050 \a\ (for solid
                                                    fuel), or EPA 821-R-
                                                    01-013 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid or solid), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                d. Determine heat  ASTM D5865 \a\ (for
                                 content of the     coal) or ASTM E711
                                 fuel type.         \a\ (for biomass),
                                                    or ASTM D5864 \a\
                                                    for liquids and
                                                    other solids, or
                                                    ASTM D240 \a\ or
                                                    equivalent.
                                e. Determine       ASTM D3173,\a\ ASTM
                                 moisture content   E871,\a\ or ASTM
                                 of the fuel type.  D5864,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D240, or ASTM D95
                                                    \a\ (for liquid
                                                    fuels), or ASTM
                                                    D4006 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                f. Measure         ASTM D6722 \a\ (for
                                 mercury            coal), EPA SW-846-
                                 concentration in   7471B \a\ or EPA
                                 fuel sample.       1631 or EPA 1631E
                                                    (for solid samples),
                                                    or EPA SW-846-7470A
                                                    \a\ or EPA SW-846-
                                                    7471B \a\ (for
                                                    liquid samples), or
                                                    EPA 821-R-01-013
                                                    (for liquid or
                                                    solid), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                g. Convert         For fuel mixtures use
                                 concentration      Equation 8 in Sec.
                                 into units of      63.7530.
                                 pounds of
                                 mercury per
                                 MMBtu of heat
                                 content.
2. HCl........................  a. Collect fuel    Procedure in Sec.
                                 samples.           63.7521(c) or ASTM
                                                    D5192,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D7430,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D6883,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D2234/D2234M \a\
                                                    (for coal) or ASTM
                                                    D6323 \a\ (for coal
                                                    or biomass), ASTM
                                                    D4177 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels) or
                                                    ASTM D4057 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                b. Composite fuel  Procedure in Sec.
                                 samples.           63.7521(d) or
                                                    equivalent.
                                c. Prepare         EPA SW-846-3050B \a\
                                 composited fuel    (for solid samples),
                                 samples.           ASTM D2013/D2013M
                                                    \a\ (for coal), or
                                                    ASTM D5198 \a\ (for
                                                    biomass), or EPA
                                                    3050 \a\ or
                                                    equivalent.
                                d. Determine heat  ASTM D5865 \a\ (for
                                 content of the     coal) or ASTM E711
                                 fuel type.         \a\ (for biomass),
                                                    ASTM D5864, ASTM
                                                    D240 \a\ or
                                                    equivalent.
                                e. Determine       ASTM D3173 \a\ or
                                 moisture content   ASTM E871,\a\ or
                                 of the fuel type.  D5864,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D240,\a\ or ASTM D95
                                                    \a\ (for liquid
                                                    fuels), or ASTM
                                                    D4006 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                f. Measure         EPA SW-846-9250,\a\
                                 chlorine           ASTM D6721,\a\ ASTM
                                 concentration in   D4208 \a\ (for
                                 fuel sample.       coal), or EPA SW-846-
                                                    5050 \a\ or ASTM
                                                    E776 \a\ (for solid
                                                    fuel), or EPA SW-846-
                                                    9056 \a\ or SW-846-
                                                    9076 \a\ (for solids
                                                    or liquids) or
                                                    equivalent.
                                g. Convert         For fuel mixtures use
                                 concentrations     Equation 7 in Sec.
                                 into units of      63.7530 and convert
                                 pounds of HCl      from chlorine to HCl
                                 per MMBtu of       by multiplying by
                                 heat content.      1.028.
3. Mercury Fuel Specification   a. Measure         Method 30B (M30B) at
 for other gas 1 fuels.          mercury            40 CFR part 60,
                                 concentration in   appendix A-8 of this
                                 the fuel sample    chapter or ASTM
                                 and convert to     D5954,\a\ ASTM
                                 units of           D6350,\a\ ISO 6978-
                                 micrograms per     1:2003(E).\a\ or ISO
                                 cubic meter, or.   6978-2:2003(E),\a\
                                                    or EPA-1631 \a\ or
                                                    equivalent.

[[Page 3649]]

 
                                b. Measure         Method 29, 30A, or
                                 mercury            30B (M29, M30A, or
                                 concentration in   M30B) at 40 CFR part
                                 the exhaust gas    60, appendix A-8 of
                                 when firing only   this chapter or
                                 the other gas 1    Method 101A or
                                 fuel is fired in   Method 102 at 40 CFR
                                 the boiler or      part 61, appendix B
                                 process heater.    of this chapter, or
                                                    ASTM Method D6784
                                                    \a\ or equivalent.
4. TSM........................  a. Collect fuel    Procedure in Sec.
                                 samples.           63.7521(c) or ASTM
                                                    D5192,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D7430,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D6883,\a\ or ASTM
                                                    D2234/D2234M \a\
                                                    (for coal) or ASTM
                                                    D6323 \a\ (for coal
                                                    or biomass), or ASTM
                                                    D4177,\a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels)or ASTM
                                                    D4057 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels),or
                                                    equivalent.
                                b. Composite fuel  Procedure in Sec.
                                 samples.           63.7521(d) or
                                                    equivalent.
                                c. Prepare         EPA SW-846-3050B \a\
                                 composited fuel    (for solid samples),
                                 samples.           ASTM D2013/D2013M
                                                    \a\ (for coal), ASTM
                                                    D5198 \a\ or TAPPI
                                                    T266 \a\ (for
                                                    biomass), or EPA
                                                    3050 \a\ or
                                                    equivalent.
                                d. Determine heat  ASTM D5865 \a\ (for
                                 content of the     coal) or ASTM E711
                                 fuel type.         \a\ (for biomass),
                                                    or ASTM D5864 \a\
                                                    for liquids and
                                                    other solids, or
                                                    ASTM D240 \a\ or
                                                    equivalent.
                                e. Determine       ASTM D3173 \a\ or
                                 moisture content   ASTM E871,\a\ or
                                 of the fuel type.  D5864, or ASTM
                                                    D240,\a\ or ASTM D95
                                                    \a\ (for liquid
                                                    fuels), or ASTM
                                                    D4006 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels), or
                                                    ASTM D4177 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels) or
                                                    ASTM D4057 \a\ (for
                                                    liquid fuels), or
                                                    equivalent.
                                f. Measure TSM     ASTM D3683,\a\ or
                                 concentration in   ASTM D4606,\a\ or
                                 fuel sample.       ASTM D6357 \a\ or
                                                    EPA 200.8 \a\ or EPA
                                                    SW-846-6020,\a\ or
                                                    EPA SW-846-6020A,\a\
                                                    or EPA SW-846-
                                                    6010C,\a\ EPA 7060
                                                    \a\ or EPA 7060A \a\
                                                    (for arsenic only),
                                                    or EPA SW-846-7740
                                                    \a\ (for selenium
                                                    only).
                                g. Convert         For fuel mixtures use
                                 concentrations     Equation 9 in Sec.
                                 into units of      63.7530.
                                 pounds of TSM
                                 per MMBtu of
                                 heat content.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Incorporated by reference, see Sec.   63.14.

* * * * *

Subpart UUUUU--National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air 
Pollutants: Coal- and Oil-Fired Electric Utility Steam Generating 
Units

0
25. Revise Sec.  63.10010(h)(7)(i)(1) to read as follows:


Sec.  63.10010   What are my monitoring, installation, operation, and 
maintenance requirements?

* * * * *
    (h) * * *
    (7) * * *
    (i) * * *
    (1) Install and certify your PM CEMS according to the procedures 
and requirements in Performance Specification 11--Specifications and 
Test Procedures for Particulate Matter Continuous Emission Monitoring 
Systems at Stationary Sources in Appendix B to part 60 of this chapter, 
using Method 5 at Appendix A-3 to part 60 of this chapter and ensuring 
that the front half filter temperature shall be 160[deg] 5 
[deg]C (320[deg] 9[emsp14][deg]F). The reportable 
measurement output from the PM CEMS must be expressed in units of the 
applicable emissions limit (e.g., lb/MMBtu, lb/MWh).
* * * * *
0
26. Revise Table 5 to Subpart UUUUU of part 63 to read as follows:

                      Table 5 to Subpart UUUUU of Part 63--Performance Testing Requirements
[As stated in Sec.   63.10007, you must comply with the following requirements performance testing for existing,
                                    new or reconstructed affected sources: 1]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              You must perform the
                                                            following activities, as
To conduct a  performance test for       Using . . .        applicable to your input-        Using . . . 2
  the following  pollutant . . .                            or output-based emission
                                                                   limit . . .
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Filterable Particulate matter    Emissions Testing....  a. Select sampling ports    Method 1 at appendix A-1
 (PM).                                                      location and the number     to part 60 of this
                                                            of traverse points.         chapter.
                                                           b. Determine velocity and   Method 2, 2A, 2C, 2F, 2G
                                                            volumetric flow-rate of     or 2H at appendix A-1 or
                                                            the stack gas.              A-2 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           c. Determine oxygen and     Method 3A or 3B at
                                                            carbon dioxide              appendix A-2 to part 60
                                                            concentrations of the       of this chapter, or ANSI/
                                                            stack gas.                  ASME PTC 19.10-1981.3
                                                           d. Measure the moisture     Method 4 at appendix A-3
                                                            content of the stack gas.   to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.

[[Page 3650]]

 
                                                           e. Measure the filterable   Methods 5 and 5I at
                                                            PM concentration.           appendix A-3 to part 60
                                                                                        of this chapter.
                                                                                       For positive pressure
                                                                                        fabric filters, Method
                                                                                        5D at appendix A-3 to
                                                                                        part 60 of this chapter
                                                                                        for filterable PM
                                                                                        emissions.
                                                                                       Note that the Method 5 or
                                                                                        5I front half
                                                                                        temperature shall be
                                                                                        160[deg] 14
                                                                                        [deg]C (320[deg] 25 [deg]F).
                                                           f. Convert emissions        Method 19 F-factor
                                                            concentration to lb/MMBtu   methodology at appendix
                                                            or lb/MWh emissions rates.  A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter, or calculate
                                                                                        using mass emissions
                                                                                        rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
                                    OR                     OR
                                    PM CEMS..............  a. Install, certify,        Performance Specification
                                                            operate, and maintain the   11 at appendix B to part
                                                            PM CEMS.                    60 of this chapter and
                                                                                        Procedure 2 at appendix
                                                                                        F to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           b. Install, certify,        Part 75 of this chapter
                                                            operate, and maintain the   and Sec.   63.10010(a),
                                                            diluent gas, flow rate,     (b), (c), and (d).
                                                            and/or moisture
                                                            monitoring systems.
                                                           c. Convert hourly           Method 19 F-factor
                                                            emissions concentrations    methodology at appendix
                                                            to 30 boiler operating      A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                            day rolling average lb/     chapter, or calculate
                                                            MMBtu or lb/MWh emissions   using mass emissions
                                                            rates.                      rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
2. Total or individual non-Hg HAP   Emissions Testing....  a. Select sampling ports    Method 1 at appendix A-1
 metals.                                                    location and the number     to part 60 of this
                                                            of traverse points.         chapter.
                                                           b. Determine velocity and   Method 2, 2A, 2C, 2F, 2G
                                                            volumetric flow-rate of     or 2H at appendix A-1 or
                                                            the stack gas.              A-2 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           c. Determine oxygen and     Method 3A or 3B at
                                                            carbon dioxide              appendix A-2 to part 60
                                                            concentrations of the       of this chapter, or ANSI/
                                                            stack gas.                  ASME PTC 19.10-1981.3
                                                           d. Measure the moisture     Method 4 at appendix A-3
                                                            content of the stack gas.   to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           e. Measure the HAP metals   Method 29 at appendix A-8
                                                            emissions concentrations    to part 60 of this
                                                            and determine each          chapter. For liquid oil-
                                                            individual HAP metals       fired units, Hg is
                                                            emissions concentration,    included in HAP metals
                                                            as well as the total        and you may use Method
                                                            filterable HAP metals       29, Method 30B at
                                                            emissions concentration     appendix A-8 to part 60
                                                            and total HAP metals        of this chapter; for
                                                            emissions concentration.    Method 29, you must
                                                                                        report the front half
                                                                                        and back half results
                                                                                        separately. When using
                                                                                        Method 29, report metals
                                                                                        matrix spike and
                                                                                        recovery levels.
                                                           f. Convert emissions        Method 19 F-factor
                                                            concentrations              methodology at appendix
                                                            (individual HAP metals,     A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                            total filterable HAP        chapter, or calculate
                                                            metals, and total HAP       using mass emissions
                                                            metals) to lb/MMBtu or lb/  rate and gross output
                                                            MWh emissions rates.        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
3. Hydrogen chloride (HCl) and      Emissions Testing....  a. Select sampling ports    Method 1 at appendix A-1
 hydrogen fluoride (HF).                                    location and the number     to part 60 of this
                                                            of traverse points.         chapter.
                                                           b. Determine velocity and   Method 2, 2A, 2C, 2F, 2G
                                                            volumetric flow-rate of     or 2H at appendix A-1 or
                                                            the stack gas.              A-2 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           c. Determine oxygen and     Method 3A or 3B at
                                                            carbon dioxide              appendix A-2 to part 60
                                                            concentrations of the       of this chapter, or ANSI/
                                                            stack gas.                  ASME PTC 19.10-1981.3
                                                           d. Measure the moisture     Method 4 at appendix A-3
                                                            content of the stack gas.   to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           e. Measure the HCl and HF   Method 26 or Method 26A
                                                            emissions concentrations.   at appendix A-8 to part
                                                                                        60 of this chapter or
                                                                                        Method 320 at appendix A
                                                                                        to part 63 of this
                                                                                        chapter or ASTM 6348-03
                                                                                        3 with
                                                                                       (1) the following
                                                                                        conditions when using
                                                                                        ASTM D6348-03:
                                                                                       (A) The test plan
                                                                                        preparation and
                                                                                        implementation in the
                                                                                        Annexes to ASTM D6348-
                                                                                        03, Sections A1 through
                                                                                        A8 are mandatory;

[[Page 3651]]

 
                                                                                       (B) For ASTM D6348-03
                                                                                        Annex A5 (Analyte
                                                                                        Spiking Technique), the
                                                                                        percent (%) R must be
                                                                                        determined for each
                                                                                        target analyte (see
                                                                                        Equation A5.5);
                                                                                       (C) For the ASTM D6348-03
                                                                                        test data to be
                                                                                        acceptable for a target
                                                                                        analyte, %R must be 70%
                                                                                        >=R <=130%; and
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Regarding emissions data collected during periods of startup or shutdown, see Sec.  Sec.   63.10020(b) and
  (c) and 63.10021(h).
\2\ See Tables 1 and 2 to this subpart for required sample volumes and/or sampling run times.
\3\ Incorporated by reference, see Sec.   63.14.

    3.e.1(D) The %R value for each compound must be reported in the 
test report and all field measurements corrected with the calculated %R 
value for that compound using the following equation:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.006

    and

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              You must perform the
 To conduct a performance test for                          following activities, as
  the following  pollutant . . .     Using . . . (cont'd)   applicable to your input-    Using . . .2 (cont'd)
             (cont'd)                                       or output-based emission
                                                                   limit . . .
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                       (2) spiking levels
                                                                                        nominally no greater
                                                                                        than two times the level
                                                                                        corresponding to the
                                                                                        applicable emission
                                                                                        limit.
                                                                                       Method 26A must be used
                                                                                        if there are entrained
                                                                                        water droplets in the
                                                                                        exhaust stream.
                                                           f. Convert emissions        Method 19 F-factor
                                                            concentration to lb/MMBtu   methodology at appendix
                                                            or lb/MWh emissions rates.  A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter, or calculate
                                                                                        using mass emissions
                                                                                        rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
                                    OR                     OR
                                    HCl and/or HF CEMS...  a. Install, certify,        Appendix B of this
                                                            operate, and maintain the   subpart.
                                                            HCl or HF CEMS.
                                                           b. Install, certify,        Part 75 of this chapter
                                                            operate, and maintain the   and Sec.   63.10010(a),
                                                            diluent gas, flow rate,     (b), (c), and (d).
                                                            and/or moisture
                                                            monitoring systems.
                                                           c. Convert hourly           Method 19 F-factor
                                                            emissions concentrations    methodology at appendix
                                                            to 30 boiler operating      A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                            day rolling average lb/     chapter, or calculate
                                                            MMBtu or lb/MWh emissions   using mass emissions
                                                            rates.                      rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
4. Mercury (Hg)...................  Emissions Testing....  a. Select sampling ports    Method 1 at appendix A-1
                                                            location and the number     to part 60 of this
                                                            of traverse points.         chapter or Method 30B at
                                                                                        Appendix A-8 for Method
                                                                                        30B point selection.
                                                           b. Determine velocity and   Method 2, 2A, 2C, 2F, 2G
                                                            volumetric flow-rate of     or 2H at appendix A-1 or
                                                            the stack gas.              A-2 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           c. Determine oxygen and     Method 3A or 3B at
                                                            carbon dioxide              appendix A-1 to part 60
                                                            concentrations of the       of this chapter, or ANSI/
                                                            stack gas.                  ASME PTC 19.10-1981.3
                                                           d. Measure the moisture     Method 4 at appendix A-3
                                                            content of the stack gas.   to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter.
                                                           e. Measure the Hg emission  Method 30B at appendix A-
                                                            concentration.              8 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter, ASTM D6784,3 or
                                                                                        Method 29 at appendix A-
                                                                                        8 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter; for Method 29,
                                                                                        you must report the
                                                                                        front half and back half
                                                                                        results separately.
                                                           f. Convert emissions        Method 19 F-factor
                                                            concentration to lb/TBtu    methodology at appendix
                                                            or lb/GWh emission rates.   A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter, or calculate
                                                                                        using mass emissions
                                                                                        rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).

[[Page 3652]]

 
                                    OR                     OR
                                    Hg CEMS..............  a. Install, certify,        Sections 3.2.1 and 5.1 of
                                                            operate, and maintain the   appendix A of this
                                                            CEMS.                       subpart.
                                                           b. Install, certify,        Part 75 of this chapter
                                                            operate, and maintain the   and Sec.   63.10010(a),
                                                            diluent gas, flow rate,     (b), (c), and (d).
                                                            and/or moisture
                                                            monitoring systems.
                                                           c. Convert hourly           Section 6 of appendix A
                                                            emissions concentrations    to this subpart.
                                                            to 30 boiler operating
                                                            day rolling average lb/
                                                            TBtu or lb/GWh emissions
                                                            rates.
                                    OR                     OR
                                    Sorbent trap           a. Install, certify,        Sections 3.2.2 and 5.2 of
                                     monitoring system.     operate, and maintain the   appendix A to this
                                                            sorbent trap monitoring     subpart.
                                                            system.
                                                           b. Install, operate, and    Part 75 of this chapter
                                                            maintain the diluent gas,   and Sec.   63.10010(a),
                                                            flow rate, and/or           (b), (c), and (d).
                                                            moisture monitoring
                                                            systems.
                                                           c. Convert emissions        Section 6 of appendix A
                                                            concentrations to 30        to this subpart.
                                                            boiler operating day
                                                            rolling average lb/TBtu
                                                            or lb/GWh emissions rates.
                                    OR                     OR
                                    LEE testing..........  a. Select sampling ports    Single point located at
                                                            location and the number     the 10% centroidal area
                                                            of traverse points.         of the duct at a port
                                                                                        location per Method 1 at
                                                                                        appendix A-1 to part 60
                                                                                        of this chapter or
                                                                                        Method 30B at Appendix A-
                                                                                        8 for Method 30B point
                                                                                        selection.
                                                           b. Determine velocity and   Method 2, 2A, 2C, 2F, 2G,
                                                            volumetric flow-rate of     or 2H at appendix A-1 or
                                                            the stack gas.              A-2 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter or flow
                                                                                        monitoring system
                                                                                        certified per appendix A
                                                                                        of this subpart.
                                                           c. Determine oxygen and     Method 3A or 3B at
                                                            carbon dioxide              appendix A-1 to part 60
                                                            concentrations of the       of this chapter, or ANSI/
                                                            stack gas.                  ASME PTC 19.10-1981,3 or
                                                                                        diluent gas monitoring
                                                                                        systems certified
                                                                                        according to part 75 of
                                                                                        this chapter.
                                                           d. Measure the moisture     Method 4 at appendix A-3
                                                            content of the stack gas.   to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter, or moisture
                                                                                        monitoring systems
                                                                                        certified according to
                                                                                        part 75 of this chapter.
                                                           e. Measure the Hg emission  Method 30B at appendix A-
                                                            concentration.              8 to part 60 of this
                                                                                        chapter; perform a 30
                                                                                        operating day test, with
                                                                                        a maximum of 10
                                                                                        operating days per run
                                                                                        (i.e., per pair of
                                                                                        sorbent traps) or
                                                                                        sorbent trap monitoring
                                                                                        system or Hg CEMS
                                                                                        certified per appendix A
                                                                                        of this subpart.
                                                           f. Convert emissions        Method 19 F-factor
                                                            concentrations from the     methodology at appendix
                                                            LEE test to lb/TBtu or lb/  A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                            GWh emissions rates.        chapter, or calculate
                                                                                        using mass emissions
                                                                                        rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
                                                           g. Convert average lb/TBtu  Potential maximum annual
                                                            or lb/GWh Hg emission       heat input in TBtu or
                                                            rate to lb/year, if you     potential maximum
                                                            are attempting to meet      electricity generated in
                                                            the 29.0 lb/year            GWh.
                                                            threshold.
5. Sulfur dioxide (SO2)...........  SO2 CEMS.............  a. Install, certify,        Part 75 of this chapter
                                                            operate, and maintain the   and Sec.   63.10010(a)
                                                            CEMS.                       and (f).
                                                           b. Install, operate, and    Part 75 of this chapter
                                                            maintain the diluent gas,   and Sec.   63.10010(a),
                                                            flow rate, and/or           (b), (c), and (d).
                                                            moisture monitoring
                                                            systems.
                                                           c. Convert hourly           Method 19 F-factor
                                                            emissions concentrations    methodology at appendix
                                                            to 30 boiler operating      A-7 to part 60 of this
                                                            day rolling average lb/     chapter, or calculate
                                                            MMBtu or lb/MWh emissions   using mass emissions
                                                            rates.                      rate and gross output
                                                                                        data (see Sec.
                                                                                        63.10007(e)).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2 See Tables 1 and 2 to this subpart for required sample volumes and/or sampling run times.
3 Incorporated by reference, see Sec.   63.14.

* * * * *
0
27. In appendix A to part 63:
0
a. Revise section 12.4 in Method 303.
0
b. Revise sections 2.0, 7.2.3.3, 8.1.2, 9.1, 11.3.2, and 12.1 in Method 
308.
0
c. Remove and reserve section 7.2.2 in Method 308.
0
d. Add sections 12.5 and 13.0 in Method 308.
0
e. Revise section 9.2.3 in Method 320..
0
f. Revise section 12.9 in Method 323.
0
g. Revise section 8.2.1.3, Figure 8.1. and section 8.2.3.2 in Method 
325A.
0
h. Add section 8.2.3.3 in Method 325A.

[[Page 3653]]

0
i. Revise sections 9.3.2, 9.13, 11.3.2.5, and 12.2.2 and table 17-1 in 
Method 325B.
0
j. Remove sections 12.2.3 and 12.2.4 in Method 325B.
    The revisions read as follows:

Appendix A to Part 63--Test Methods Pollutant Measurement Methods From 
Various Waste Media

* * * * *

Method 303--Determination of Visible Emissions From By-Product Coke 
Oven Batteries

* * * * *
    12.4 Average Duration of VE from Charging Operations. Use 
Equation 303-3 to calculate the daily 30-day rolling log average of 
seconds of visible emissions from the charging operation for each 
battery using these current day's observations and the 29 previous 
valid daily sets of observations.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.007

* * * * *

Method 308--Procedure for Determination of Methanol Emission From 
Stationary Sources

* * * * *

2.0 Summary of Method

    A gas sample is extracted from the sampling point in the stack. 
The methanol is collected in deionized distilled water and adsorbed 
on silica gel. The sample is returned to the laboratory where the 
methanol in the water fraction is separated from other organic 
compounds with a gas chromatograph (GC) and is then measured by a 
flame ionization detector (FID). The fraction adsorbed on silica gel 
is extracted with deionized distilled water and is then separated 
and measured by GC/FID.
* * * * *
    7.2.2 [Reserved].
* * * * *
    7.2.3.3 Methanol Standards for Adsorbent Tube Samples. Prepare a 
series of methanol standards by first pipetting 10 ml of the 
methanol working standard into a 100-ml volumetric flask and 
diluting the contents to exactly 100 ml with deionized distilled 
water. This standard will contain 10 [micro]g/ml of methanol. 
Pipette 5, 15, and 25 ml of this standard, respectively, into four 
50-ml volumetric flasks. Dilute each solution to 50 ml with 
deionized distilled water. These standards will have 1, 3, and 5 
[micro]g/ml of methanol, respectively. Transfer all four standards 
into 40-ml glass vials capped with Teflon[supreg]-lined septa and 
store under refrigeration. Discard any excess solution.
* * * * *
    8.1.2 Leak Check. A leak check before and after the sampling run 
is mandatory. The leak-check procedure is as follows:
    Temporarily attach a suitable (e.g., 0- to 40-ml/min) rotameter 
to the outlet of the DGM, and place a vacuum gauge at or near the 
probe inlet. Plug the probe inlet, pull a vacuum of at least 250 mm 
(10 inch) Hg or the highest vacuum experienced during the sampling 
run, and note the flow rate as indicated by the rotameter. A leakage 
rate in excess of 2 percent of the average sampling rate is 
acceptable.

    Note: Carefully release the probe inlet plug before turning off 
the pump.

* * * * *
    9.1 Miscellaneous Quality Control Measures. The following 
quality control measures are required:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Quality control
          Section                   measure                Effect
------------------------------------------------------------------------
8.1.2, 8.1.3, 10.1.........  Sampling equipment     Ensures accurate
                              leak check and         measurement of
                              calibration.           sample volume.
10.2.......................  GC calibration.......  Ensures precision of
                                                     GC analysis.
13.0.......................  Methanol spike         Verifies all
                              recovery check.        methanol in stack
                                                     gas is being
                                                     captured in impinge/
                                                     adsorbent tube
                                                     setup.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    11.3.2 Desorption of Samples. Add 3 ml of deionized distilled 
water to each of the stoppered vials and shake or vibrate the vials 
for 30 minutes.
* * * * *
    12.1 Nomenclature.
Caf = Concentration of methanol in the front of the 
adsorbent tube, [micro]g/ml.
Cab = Concentration of methanol in the back of the 
adsorbent tube, [micro]g/ml.
Ci = Concentration of methanol in the impinger portion of 
the sample train, [micro]g/ml.
E = Mass emission rate of methanol, [micro]g/hr (lb/hr).
ms = Total mass of compound measured in impinger and on 
adsorbent with spiked train (mg).
mu = Total mass of compound measured in impinger and on 
adsorbent with unspiked train (mg).
mv = Mass per volume of spiked compound measured (mg/L).
Mtot = Total mass of methanol collected in the sample 
train, [micro]g.
Pbar = Barometric pressure at the exit orifice of the 
DGM, mm Hg (in. Hg).
Pstd = Standard absolute pressure, 760 mm Hg (29.92 in. 
Hg).
Qstd = Dry volumetric stack gas flow rate corrected to 
standard conditions, dscm/hr (dscf/hr).
R = fraction of spiked compound recovered
s = theoretical concentration (ppm) of spiked target compound
Tm = Average DGM absolute temperature, degrees K 
([deg]R).
Tstd = Standard absolute temperature, 293 degrees K (528 
[deg]R).
Vaf = Volume of front half adsorbent sample, ml.
Vab = Volume of back half adsorbent sample, ml.
Vi = Volume of impinger sample, ml.
Vm = Dry gas volume as measured by the DGM, dry cubic 
meters (dcm), dry cubic feet (dcf).
Vm(std) = Dry gas volume measured by the DGM, corrected 
to standard conditions, dry standard cubic meters (dscm), dry 
standard cubic feet (dscf).
* * * * *
    12.5 Recovery Fraction (R)
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.008
    

[[Page 3654]]


[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.009

13.0 Method Performance

    Since a potential sample may contain a variety of compounds from 
various sources, a specific precision limit for the analysis of 
field samples is impractical. Precision in the range of 5 to 10 
percent relative standard deviation (RSD) is typical for gas 
chromatographic techniques, but an experienced GC operator with a 
reliable instrument can readily achieve 5 percent RSD. For this 
method, the following combined GC/operator values are required.
    (a) Precision. Triplicate analyses of calibration standards fall 
within 5 percent of their mean value.
    (b) Recovery. After developing an appropriate sampling and 
analytical system for the pollutants of interest, conduct the 
following spike recovery procedure at each sampling point where the 
method is being applied.
    i. Methanol Spike. Set up two identical sampling trains. 
Collocate the two sampling probes in the stack. The probes shall be 
placed in the same horizontal plane, where the first probe tip is 
2.5 cm from the outside edge of the other. One of the sampling 
trains shall be designated the spiked train and the other the 
unspiked train. Spike methanol into the impinger, and onto the 
adsorbent tube in the spiked train prior to sampling. The total mass 
of methanol shall be 40 to 60 percent of the mass expected to be 
collected with the unspiked train. Sample the stack gas into the two 
trains simultaneously. Analyze the impingers and adsorbents from the 
two trains utilizing identical analytical procedures and 
instrumentation. Determine the fraction of spiked methanol recovered 
(R) by combining the amount recovered in the impinger and in the 
adsorbent tube, using the equations in section 12.5. Recovery values 
must fall in the range: 0.70 <=R <=1.30. Report the R value in the 
test report.
* * * * *

Method 320--Measurement of Vapor Phase Organic and Inorganic Emissions 
by Extractive Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopy

* * * * *
    9.2.3 Calculate the dilution ratio using the tracer gas as 
follows:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.010

Where:
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.011

DF = Dilution factor of the spike gas; this value shall be >=10.
SF6(dir) = SF6 (or tracer gas) concentration 
measured directly in undiluted spike gas.
SF6(spk) = Diluted SF6 (or tracer gas) 
concentration measured in a spiked sample.
Spikedir = Concentration of the analyte in the spike 
standard measured by filling the FTIR cell directly.
CS = Expected concentration of the spiked samples.
Unspike = Native concentration of analytes in unspiked samples.
* * * * *

Method 323--Measurment of Formaldehyde Emissions From Natural Gas-Fired 
Stationary Sources-Acetyl Acetone Derivitization Method

* * * * *
    12.9 Formaldehyde Concentration Corrected to 15% Oxygen
    [GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.012
    
* * * * *

Method 325A--Volatile Organic Compounds From Fugitive and Area Sources: 
Sampler Deployment and VOC Sample Collection

* * * * *
    8.2.1.3 Extra samplers must be placed near known sources of VOCs 
if the potential emission source is within 50 meters (162 feet) of 
the boundary and the source location is between two monitors. 
Measure the distance (x) between the two monitors and place another 
monitor approximately halfway between (x/2 10 percent) 
the two monitors. Only one extra sampler is required between two 
monitors to account for the known source of VOCs. For example, in 
Figure 8.1, the facility added three additional monitors (i.e., 
light shaded sampler locations) and in Figure 8.2, the facility 
added two additional monitors to provide sufficient coverage of all 
area sources.

[[Page 3655]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.013

* * * * *
    8.2.3.2 For facilities with a monitoring perimeter length 
greater than or equal to 7,315 meters (24,000 feet), sampling 
locations are spaced 610 76 meters (2,000 250 feet) apart.
    8.2.3.3 Unless otherwise specified in an applicable regulation, 
permit or other requirement, for small disconnected subareas with 
known sources within 50 meters (162 feet) of the monitoring 
perimeter, sampling points need not be placed closer than 152 meters 
(500 feet) apart as long as a minimum of 3 monitoring locations are 
used for each subarea.
* * * * *

Method 325B--Volatile Organic Compounds From Fugitive and Area Sources: 
Sampler Preparation and Analysis

* * * * *
    9.3.2 Field blanks must be shipped to the monitoring site with 
the sampling tubes and must be stored at the sampling location 
throughout the monitoring exercise. The field blanks must be 
installed under a protective hood/cover at the sampling location, 
but the long-term storage caps must remain in place throughout the 
monitoring period (see Method 325A). The field blanks are then 
shipped back to the laboratory in the same container as the sampled 
tubes. Collect at least two field blank samples per sampling period 
to ensure sample integrity associated with shipment, collection, and 
storage.
* * * * *
    9.13 Routine CCV at the Start of a Sequence. Run CCV before each 
sequence of analyses and after every tenth sample to ensure that the 
previous multi-level calibration (see Section 10.0) is still valid.
* * * * *
    11.3.2.5 Whenever the thermal desorption--GC/MS analytical 
method is changed or major equipment maintenance is performed, you 
must conduct a new five-level calibration (see Section 10.0). System 
calibration remains valid as long as results from subsequent CCV are 
within 30 percent of the most recent 5-point calibration (see 
Section 9.13). Include relevant CCV data in the supporting 
information in the data report for each set of samples.
* * * * *
    12.2.2 Determine the equivalent concentrations of compounds in 
atmospheres as follows. Correct target compound concentrations 
determined at the sampling site temperature and atmospheric pressure 
to standard conditions (25 [deg]C and 760 mm mercury) using Equation 
12.5.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP26JA18.014

Where:

mmeas = The mass of the compound as measured in the 
sorbent tube ([micro]g).
t = The exposure time (minutes).

[[Page 3656]]

tss = The average temperature during the collection 
period at the sampling site (K).
UNTP = The method defined diffusive uptake rate (sampling 
rate) (mL/min).

    Note: Diffusive uptake rates (Ustd) for common VOCs, 
using carbon sorbents packed into sorbent tubes of the dimensions 
specified in Section 6.1, are listed in Table 12.1. Adjust 
analytical conditions to keep expected sampled masses within range 
(see Sections 11.3.1.3 to 11.3.1.5). Best possible method detection 
limits are typically in the order of 0.1 ppb for 1,3-butadiene and 
0.05 ppb for volatile aromatics such as benzene for 14-day 
monitoring. However, actual detection limits will depend upon the 
analytical conditions selected.

* * * * *

                        Table 17.1--Summary of GC/MS Analysis Quality Control Procedures
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Parameter                       Frequency           Acceptance criteria       Corrective action
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bromofluorobenzene Instrument Tune     Daily \a\ prior to       Evaluation criteria      (1) Retune and or
 Performance Check.                     sample analysis.         presented in Section    (2) Perform
                                                                 9.5 and Table 9.2.       Maintenance.
Five point calibration bracketing the  Following any major      (1) Percent Deviation    (1) Repeat calibration
 expected sample concentration.         change, repair or        (%DEV) of response       sample analysis.
                                        maintenance or if        factors 30%.               check.
                                        meet method             (2) Relative Retention   (3) Prepare new
                                        requirements.            Times (RRTs) for         calibration standards
                                        Recalibration not to     target peaks 0.06 units from    repeat analysis.
                                                                 mean RRT.
Calibration Verification (CCV Second   Following the            The response factor      (1) Repeat calibration
 source calibration verification        calibration curve.       30% DEV      check.
 check).                                                         from calibration curve  (2) Repeat calibration
                                                                 average response         curve.
                                                                 factor.
Laboratory Blank Analysis............  Daily \a\ following      (1) <=0.2 ppbv per       (1) Repeat analysis
                                        bromofluoro- benzene     analyte or <=3 times     with new blank tube.
                                        and calibration check;   the LOD, whichever is   (2) Check system for
                                        prior to sample          greater.                 leaks, contamination.
                                        analysis.               (2) Internal Standard    (3) Analyze additional
                                                                 (IS) area response       blank.
                                                                 40% and IS
                                                                 Retention Time (RT)
                                                                 0.33 min.
                                                                 of most recent
                                                                 calibration check.
Blank Sorbent Tube Certification.....  One tube analyzed for    <0.2 ppbv per VOC        Re-clean all tubes in
                                        each batch of tubes      targeted compound or 3   batch and reanalyze.
                                        cleaned or 10 percent    times the LOD,
                                        of tubes whichever is    whichever is greater.
                                        greater.
Samples--Internal Standards..........  All samples............  IS area response 40% and IS RT      invalidation.
                                                                 0.33 min.
                                                                 of most recent
                                                                 calibration validation.
Field Blanks.........................  Two per sampling period  No greater than one-     Flag Data for possible
                                                                 third of the measured    invalidation due to
                                                                 target analyte or        high blank bias.
                                                                 compliance limit..
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\a\ Every 24 hours.

* * * * *
[FR Doc. 2018-00470 Filed 1-25-18; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P