[Federal Register Volume 83, Number 1 (Tuesday, January 2, 2018)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 33-37]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-28317]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 180

[EPA-HQ-OPP-2015-0717; FRL-9970-03]


Phenylethyl acetate; Exemption From the Requirement of a 
Tolerance

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: This regulation establishes an exemption from the requirement 
of a tolerance for residues of phenylethyl acetate (CAS Reg. No. 103-
45-7) when used as an inert ingredient (solvent) at a maximum of 0.015% 
in pesticide formulations applied to growing crops and raw agricultural 
commodities after harvest. Technology Science Group Inc., on behalf of 
Janeil Biosurfactant Company, submitted a petition to EPA under the 
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), requesting establishment 
of an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance.

DATES: This regulation is effective January 2, 2018. Objections and 
requests for hearings must be received on or before March 5, 2018, and 
must be filed in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR 
part 178 (see also Unit I.C. of the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION).

ADDRESSES: The docket for this action, identified by docket 
identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2015-0717, is available at http://www.regulations.gov or at the Office of Pesticide Programs Regulatory 
Public Docket (OPP Docket) in the Environmental Protection Agency 
Docket Center (EPA/DC), West William Jefferson Clinton Bldg., Rm. 3334, 
1301 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460-0001. The Public 
Reading Room is open from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday, excluding legal holidays. The telephone number for the Public 
Reading Room is (202) 566-1744, and the telephone number for the OPP 
Docket is (703) 305-5805. Please review the visitor instructions and 
additional information about the docket available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Michael Goodis, Registration Division 
(7505P), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 
1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20460-0001; main telephone 
number: (703) 305-7090; email address: RDFRNotices@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

I. General Information

A. Does this action apply to me?

    You may be potentially affected by this action if you are an 
agricultural producer, food manufacturer, or pesticide manufacturer. 
The following list of North American Industrial Classification System 
(NAICS) codes is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a 
guide to help readers determine whether this document applies to them. 
Potentially affected entities may include:
     Crop production (NAICS code 111).
     Animal production (NAICS code 112).
     Food manufacturing (NAICS code 311).
     Pesticide manufacturing (NAICS code 32532).

B. How can I get electronic access to other related information?

    You may access a frequently updated electronic version of 40 CFR 
part 180 through the Government Printing Office's e-CFR site at http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?&c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40tab_02.tpl. To access the OCSPP test guidelines referenced in this 
document electronically, please go to http://www.epa.gov/ocspp and 
select ``Test Methods and Guidelines.''

C. How can I file an objection or hearing request?

    Under FFDCA section 408(g), 21 U.S.C. 346a, any person may file an 
objection to any aspect of this regulation and may also request a 
hearing on those objections. You must file your objection or request a 
hearing on this regulation

[[Page 34]]

in accordance with the instructions provided in 40 CFR part 178. To 
ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify docket ID number EPA-
HQ-OPP-2015-0717 in the subject line on the first page of your 
submission. All objections and requests for a hearing must be in 
writing, and must be received by the Hearing Clerk on or before March 
5, 2018. Addresses for mail and hand delivery of objections and hearing 
requests are provided in 40 CFR 178.25(b).
    In addition to filing an objection or hearing request with the 
Hearing Clerk as described in 40 CFR part 178, please submit a copy of 
the filing (excluding any Confidential Business Information (CBI)) for 
inclusion in the public docket. Information not marked confidential 
pursuant to 40 CFR part 2 may be disclosed publicly by EPA without 
prior notice. Submit the non-CBI copy of your objection or hearing 
request, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2015-0717, by one of 
the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the online instructions for submitting comments. Do not submit 
electronically any information you consider to be CBI or other 
information whose disclosure is restricted by statute.
     Mail: OPP Docket, Environmental Protection Agency Docket 
Center (EPA/DC), (28221T), 1200 Pennsylvania Ave. NW, Washington, DC 
20460-0001.
     Hand Delivery: To make special arrangements for hand 
delivery or delivery of boxed information, please follow the 
instructions at http://www.epa.gov/dockets/contacts.html.
    Additional instructions on commenting or visiting the docket, along 
with more information about dockets generally, is available at http://www.epa.gov/dockets.

II. Petition for Exemption

    In the Federal Register of November 23, 2015 (80 FR 72941) (FRL-
9936-73), EPA issued a document pursuant to FFDCA section 408, 21 
U.S.C. 346a, announcing the filing of a pesticide petition (PP IN-
10888) by Technology Sciences Group Inc., on behalf of Jeneil 
Biosurfactant Company, 400 N. Dekora Woods Blvd., Saukville, WI 53080. 
The petition requested that 40 CFR 180.910 be amended by establishing 
an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of 
phenylethyl acetate (CAS Reg. No. 103-45-7) when used as an inert 
ingredient (solvent) in pesticide formulations applied to growing crops 
and raw agricultural commodities after harvest at a maximum 
concentration not to exceed 0.015% by weight of the pesticide 
formulation. That document referenced a summary of the petition 
prepared by Technology Sciences Group Inc., the petitioner, which is 
available in the docket, http://www.regulations.gov. There were no 
comments received in response to the notice of filing.

III. Inert Ingredient Definition

    Inert ingredients are all ingredients that are not active 
ingredients as defined in 40 CFR 153.125 and include, but are not 
limited to, the following types of ingredients (except when they have a 
pesticidal efficacy of their own): Solvents such as alcohols and 
hydrocarbons; surfactants such as polyoxyethylene polymers and fatty 
acids; carriers such as clay and diatomaceous earth; thickeners such as 
carrageenan and modified cellulose; wetting, spreading, and dispersing 
agents; propellants in aerosol dispensers; microencapsulating agents; 
and emulsifiers. The term ``inert'' is not intended to imply 
nontoxicity; the ingredient may or may not be chemically active. 
Generally, EPA has exempted inert ingredients from the requirement of a 
tolerance based on the low toxicity of the individual inert 
ingredients.

IV. Aggregate Risk Assessment and Determination of Safety

    Section 408(c)(2)(A)(i) of FFDCA allows EPA to establish an 
exemption from the requirement for a tolerance (the legal limit for a 
pesticide chemical residue in or on a food) only if EPA determines that 
the tolerance is ``safe.'' Section 408(b)(2)(A)(ii) of FFDCA defines 
``safe'' to mean that ``there is a reasonable certainty that no harm 
will result from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical residue, 
including all anticipated dietary exposures and all other exposures for 
which there is reliable information.'' This includes exposure through 
drinking water and in residential settings, but does not include 
occupational exposure. Section 408(b)(2)(C) of FFDCA requires EPA to 
give special consideration to exposure of infants and children to the 
pesticide chemical residue in establishing a tolerance and to ``ensure 
that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result to 
infants and children from aggregate exposure to the pesticide chemical 
residue. . . .''
    EPA establishes exemptions from the requirement of a tolerance only 
in those cases where it can be clearly demonstrated that the risks from 
aggregate exposure to pesticide chemical residues under reasonably 
foreseeable circumstances will pose no appreciable risks to human 
health. In order to determine the risks from aggregate exposure to 
pesticide inert ingredients, the Agency considers the toxicity of the 
inert in conjunction with possible exposure to residues of the inert 
ingredient through food, drinking water, and through other exposures 
that occur as a result of pesticide use in residential settings. If EPA 
is able to determine that a finite tolerance is not necessary to ensure 
that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result from 
aggregate exposure to the inert ingredient, an exemption from the 
requirement of a tolerance may be established.
    Consistent with FFDCA section 408(c)(2)(A), and the factors 
specified in FFDCA section 408(c)(2)(B), EPA has reviewed the available 
scientific data and other relevant information in support of this 
action. EPA has sufficient data to assess the hazards of and to make a 
determination on aggregate exposure for phenylethyl acetate including 
exposure resulting from the exemption established by this action. EPA's 
assessment of exposures and risks associated with phenylethyl acetate 
follows.

A. Toxicological Profile

    EPA has evaluated the available toxicity data and considered their 
validity, completeness, and reliability as well as the relationship of 
the results of the studies to human risk. EPA has also considered 
available information concerning the variability of the sensitivities 
of major identifiable subgroups of consumers, including infants and 
children. Specific information on the studies received and the nature 
of the adverse effects caused by phenylethyl acetate as well as the no-
observed-adverse-effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-
effect-level (LOAEL) from the toxicity studies are discussed in this 
unit.
    Phenylethyl acetate exhibits relatively low acute toxicity via the 
oral and dermal routes of exposure. Phenylethyl acetate has been 
reported to be moderately to severely irritating to the eyes of 
rabbits, but only mildly irritating to their skin and not dermally 
sensitizing to guinea pigs.
    The toxicity database for phenylethyl acetate includes only one 
repeat dose toxicity study. In that study, a subchronic oral toxicity 
study via gavage, male rats received 73 mg/kg/day of phenylethyl 
acetate. There were no adverse effects seen at that dose, which was the 
only dose tested.
    Studies of metabolism following oral ingestion suggests, 
phenylethyl acetate is rapidly absorbed, metabolized and

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excreted in the urine. Phenylethyl alcohol, phenylacetic acid and 
acetic acid are the primary metabolites. Phenylethyl alcohol is 
successively oxidized to phenylacetaldehyde and phenylacetic acid in 
vivo. Phenylacetaldehyde is oxidized by inducible aldehyde 
dehydrogenases and cytosolic isoenzymes to phenylacetic acid. 
Phenylacetic acid undergoes species-specific conjugation with a variety 
of amino acids, amines, or glucuronic acid followed by excretion almost 
exclusively in the urine. All of these metabolites are all naturally 
occurring compounds and are normal constituents of the human body. No 
toxicological endpoint of concern has been identified for any of these 
phenylethyl acetate metabolites.
    The Research Institute for Fragrance Materials, Inc. (RIFM) 
reported results of three Ames assays performed on phenylethyl acetate. 
Results of all three showed no significant increase in reverse 
mutations in Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98, TA100, TA1535, or 
TA1537 in the presence or absence of metabolic activation at 
concentrations up to 5000 [micro]g/plate phenylethyl acetate.
    No carcinogenicity studies were available in the database for 
phenylethyl acetate; however, a DEREK model showed no structural alerts 
for carcinogenicity, and the genotoxicity studies were negative.
    No immunotoxicity studies were available in the database for 
phenylethyl acetate. However, phenylethyl acetate is readily 
metabolized to phenylethyl alcohol, phenylacetic acid and acetic acid 
which are all naturally occurring compounds and are normal constituents 
of the human body. No toxicological endpoint of concern has been 
identified for any of these phenylethyl acetate metabolites.
    No neurotoxicity studies were available in the database for 
phenylethyl acetate. However, cholinesterase activity was not affected 
nor was there systemic toxicity in a study in rats treated via gavage 
with 73 mg/kg/day phenylethyl acetate for 140 days. Additionally, the 
chronic reference dose (cRfD) is based on this study and any potential 
neurotoxic effects will be protected.

B. Toxicological Points of Departure/Levels of Concern

    Phenylethyl acetate is readily metabolized to phenylethyl alcohol, 
phenylacetic acid and acetic acid which are all naturally occurring 
compounds and are normal constituents of the human body. No 
toxicological endpoint of concern has been identified for any of these 
phenylethyl acetate metabolites. For purposes of conducting a risk 
assessment in support of this action, a highly conservative 
toxicological point of departure of 73 mg/kg/day for all nonacute 
exposure durations and routes of exposure was selected for phenylethyl 
acetate based on the NOAEL from the subchronic rat oral toxicity study. 
A chronic population adjusted dose (cPAD) of 0.73 mg/kg/day was derived 
based on the use of the POD and 10X inter- and intraspecies uncertainty 
factors and an FQPA Safety Factor of 1X.

C. Exposure Assessment

    1. Dietary exposure from food and feed uses. In evaluating dietary 
exposure to phenylethyl acetate, EPA considered exposure under the 
proposed exemption from the requirement of a tolerance. EPA assessed 
dietary exposures from phenylethyl acetate in food as follows:
    i. Acute Exposure. Quantitative acute dietary exposure and risk 
assessments are performed for a food-use pesticide chemical, if a 
toxicological study has indicated the possibility of an effect of 
concern occurring as a result of a 1-day or single exposure. No such 
effects were identified in the toxicological studies for phenylethyl 
acetate; therefore, a quantitative acute dietary exposure assessment is 
unnecessary.
    ii. Chronic exposure. The chronic dietary exposure assessment for 
this inert ingredient utilizes the Dietary Exposure Evaluation Model 
Food Commodity Intake Database (DEEM-FCID), Version 3.16, EPA, which 
includes food consumption information from the U.S. Department of 
Agriculture's National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, ``What 
We Eat In America'', (NHANES/WWEIA). This dietary survey was conducted 
from 2003 to 2008. In the absence of actual residue data, the inert 
ingredient evaluation is based on a highly conservative model which 
assumes that the residue level of the inert ingredient would be no 
higher than the highest established tolerance for an active ingredient 
on a given commodity. Implicit in this assumption is that there would 
be similar rates of degradation between the active and inert ingredient 
(if any) and that the concentration of inert ingredient in the 
scenarios leading to these highest of tolerances would be no higher 
than the concentration of the active ingredient. The model assumes 100 
percent crop treated (PCT) for all crops and that every food eaten by a 
person each day has tolerance-level residues. A complete description of 
the general approach taken to assess inert ingredient risks in the 
absence of residue data is contained in the memorandum entitled ``Alkyl 
Amines Polyalkoxylates (Cluster 4): Acute and Chronic Aggregate (Food 
and Drinking Water) Dietary Exposure and Risk Assessments for the 
Inerts.'' (D361707, S. Piper, 2/25/09) and can be found at http://www.regulations.gov in docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2008-0738. In the 
case of phenylethyl acetate, an adjustment to the dietary exposure 
analysis was made to account for the use at a maximum concentration of 
0.015% in pesticide formulations. As part of the aggregate exposure 
assessment, dietary exposures to phenylethyl acetate resulting from its 
use as a food flavoring agent are also included in the assessment.
    2. Dietary exposure from drinking water. For the purpose of the 
screening level dietary risk assessment to support this request for an 
exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for phenylethyl acetate, 
a conservative drinking water concentration value of 100 ppb based on 
screening level modeling was used to assess the contribution to 
drinking water for the chronic dietary risk assessments for parent 
compound. These values were directly entered into the dietary exposure 
model.
    3. From non-dietary exposure. The term ``residential exposure'' is 
used in this document to refer to non-occupational, non-dietary 
exposure (e.g., textiles (clothing and diapers), carpets, swimming 
pools, and hard surface disinfection on walls, floors, tables).
    Phenylethyl acetate may be used as inert ingredient in pesticide 
products that are registered for specific uses that may result in 
indoor or outdoor residential exposures. A screening-level residential 
exposure and risk assessment was completed utilizing conservative 
residential exposure assumptions. The Agency assessed short- and 
intermediate-term dermal and inhalation exposures for residential 
handlers that would result from low pressure handwand, hose end sprayer 
and trigger sprayer for outdoor scenarios of each pesticide type 
(herbicide, insecticide and fungicide) and mopping, wiping and aerosol 
sprays for indoor scenarios. The Agency assessed post-application 
short-term dermal exposure for children and adults as well as short-
term hand-to-mouth exposure for children from contact with treated 
lawns.
    Residential exposures to phenylethyl acetate may also occur as a 
result of its use as a fragrance component. Estimates of these 
exposures are included in the

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aggregate exposure assessment of phenylethyl acetate.
    4. Cumulative effects from substances with a common mechanism of 
toxicity. Section 408(b)(2)(D)(v) of FFDCA requires that, when 
considering whether to establish, modify, or revoke a tolerance, the 
Agency consider ``available information'' concerning the cumulative 
effects of a particular pesticide's residues and ``other substances 
that have a common mechanism of toxicity.''
    EPA has not found phenylethyl acetate to share a common mechanism 
of toxicity with any other substances, and phenylethyl acetate does not 
appear to produce a toxic metabolite produced by other substances. For 
the purposes of this tolerance action, therefore, EPA has assumed that 
phenylethyl acetate does not have a common mechanism of toxicity with 
other substances. For information regarding EPA's efforts to determine 
which chemicals have a common mechanism of toxicity and to evaluate the 
cumulative effects of such chemicals, see EPA's website at http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/cumulative.

D. Safety Factor for Infants and Children

    Section 408(b)(2)(C) of FFDCA provides that EPA shall apply an 
additional tenfold (10X) margin of safety for infants and children in 
the case of threshold effects to account for prenatal and postnatal 
toxicity and the completeness of the database on toxicity and exposure 
unless EPA determines based on reliable data that a different margin of 
safety will be safe for infants and children. This additional margin of 
safety is commonly referred to as the FQPA Safety Factor (SF). In 
applying this provision, EPA either retains the default value of 10X, 
or uses a different additional safety factor when reliable data 
available to EPA support the choice of a different factor.
    As part of its assessment, EPA evaluated the available toxicity, 
metabolism and exposure data on phenylethyl acetate and considered its 
validity, completeness, and reliability, as well as the relationship of 
this information to human risk. No hazard was identified based on the 
available studies. EPA has identified no residual uncertainty with 
regard to prenatal and postnatal toxicity or exposure to phenylethyl 
acetate; therefore, EPA concludes that no additional margin of exposure 
(safety) is necessary for the protection of infants and children.

E. Aggregate Risks and Determination of Safety

    Taking into consideration all available information on phenylethyl 
acetate, EPA has determined that there is a reasonable certainty that 
no harm to any population subgroup will result from aggregate exposure 
to phenylethyl acetate under reasonable foreseeable circumstances. 
Therefore, the establishment of an exemption from tolerance under 40 
CFR 180. 910 for residues of phenylethyl acetate when used as an inert 
ingredient in pesticide formulations applied on growing crops and raw 
agricultural commodities after harvest at a maximum of 0.015% in the 
pesticide formulation, is safe under FFDCA section 408.
    1. Acute risk. An acute aggregate risk assessment takes into 
account acute exposure estimates from dietary consumption of food and 
drinking water. No adverse effect resulting from a single oral exposure 
was identified and no acute dietary endpoint was selected. Therefore, 
phenylethyl acetate is not expected to pose an acute risk.
    2. Chronic risk. Using the exposure assumptions described in this 
unit for chronic exposure, EPA has concluded that chronic exposure to 
phenylethyl acetate from food and water will utilize <0.01% of the cPAD 
for children 1-2 years old, the population group receiving the greatest 
exposure.
    3. Short-, intermediate- and long-term risk. Short-, intermediate- 
and long-term aggregate exposure takes into account short-, 
intermediate- and long-term residential exposure plus chronic exposure 
to food and water (considered to be a background exposure level).
    Phenylethyl acetate is currently used as an inert ingredient in 
pesticide products that are registered for uses that could result in 
short- and intermediate-term residential exposure, and there are other, 
non-pesticidal residential uses of phenylethyl acetate that could 
result in long-term residential exposures; the Agency has determined 
that it is appropriate to aggregate chronic exposure through food and 
water with short-, intermediate- and long-term term residential 
exposures to phenylethyl acetate.
    Using the exposure assumptions described in this unit for short-
term exposures, EPA has concluded the combined respective short-, 
intermediate- and long-term term food, water, and residential exposures 
result in aggregate margin of exposures (MOE) of 560 for adults and 
19,000 for children. Because EPA's level of concern for phenylethyl 
acetate is a MOE of 100 or below, these MOEs are not of concern.
    4. Aggregate cancer risk for U.S. population. Based on the 
discussion in Unit IV.A., phenylethyl acetate is not expected to pose a 
cancer risk.
    5. Determination of safety. Based on these risk assessments, EPA 
concludes that there is a reasonable certainty that no harm will result 
to the general population, or to infants and children from aggregate 
exposure to phenylethyl acetate residues.

V. Analytical Enforcement Methodology

    Although EPA is establishing a limitation on the amount of 
phenylethyl acetate that may be used in pesticide formulations, an 
analytical enforcement methodology is not necessary for this exemption. 
The limitation will be enforced through the pesticide registration 
process under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act 
(FIFRA), 7 U.S.C. 136 et seq. EPA will not register any pesticide for 
sale or distribution for use on growing crops with concentrations of 
phenylethyl acetate exceeding 0.015% by weight of the formulation.

VI. Conclusions

    Therefore, an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance is 
established under 40 CFR 180.910 for phenylethyl acetate (CAS Reg. No. 
103-45-7) when used as an inert ingredient (solvent) in pesticide 
formulations applied to growing crops and raw agricultural commodities 
after harvest at a maximum of 0.015% in the pesticide formulation.

VII. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

    This action establishes an exemption from the requirement of a 
tolerance under FFDCA section 408(d) in response to a petition 
submitted to the Agency. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has 
exempted these types of actions from review under Executive Order 
12866, entitled ``Regulatory Planning and Review'' (58 FR 51735, 
October 4, 1993). Because this action has been exempted from review 
under Executive Order 12866, this action is not subject to Executive 
Order 13211, entitled ``Actions Concerning Regulations That 
Significantly Affect Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 
28355, May 22, 2001) or Executive Order 13045, entitled ``Protection of 
Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks'' (62 FR 
19885, April 23, 1997). This action does not contain any information 
collections subject to OMB approval under the Paperwork Reduction Act 
(PRA) (44

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U.S.C. 3501 et seq.), nor does it require any special considerations 
under Executive Order 12898, entitled ``Federal Actions to Address 
Environmental Justice in Minority Populations and Low-Income 
Populations'' (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).
    Since tolerances and exemptions that are established on the basis 
of a petition under FFDCA section 408(d), such as the exemption in this 
final rule, do not require the issuance of a proposed rule, the 
requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 601 et 
seq.), do not apply.
    This action directly regulates growers, food processors, food 
handlers, and food retailers, not States or tribes, nor does this 
action alter the relationships or distribution of power and 
responsibilities established by Congress in the preemption provisions 
of FFDCA section 408(n)(4). As such, the Agency has determined that 
this action will not have a substantial direct effect on States or 
tribal governments, on the relationship between the national government 
and the States or tribal governments, or on the distribution of power 
and responsibilities among the various levels of government or between 
the Federal Government and Indian tribes. Thus, the Agency has 
determined that Executive Order 13132, entitled ``Federalism'' (64 FR 
43255, August 10, 1999) and Executive Order 13175, entitled 
``Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 
67249, November 9, 2000) do not apply to this action. In addition, this 
action does not impose any enforceable duty or contain any unfunded 
mandate as described under Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act 
(UMRA) (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.).
    This action does not involve any technical standards that would 
require Agency consideration of voluntary consensus standards pursuant 
to section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement 
Act (NTTAA) (15 U.S.C. 272 note).

VIII. Congressional Review Act

    Pursuant to the Congressional Review Act (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), 
EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required 
information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and 
the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of 
the rule in the Federal Register. This action is not a ``major rule'' 
as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 180

    Environmental protection, Administrative practice and procedure, 
Agricultural commodities, Pesticides and pests, Reporting and 
recordkeeping requirements.

    Dated: December 12, 2017.
Michael Goodis,
Director, Registration Division, Office of Pesticide Programs.
    Therefore, 40 CFR chapter I is amended as follows:

PART 180--[AMENDED]

0
1. The authority citation for part 180 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  21 U.S.C. 321(q), 346a and 371.


0
 2. In Sec.  180.910, add alphabetically the inert ingredient to the 
table to read as follows:


Sec.  180.910   Inert ingredients used pre- and post-harvest; exemption 
from the requirement of a tolerance.

* * * * *

------------------------------------------------------------------------
       Inert ingredients                Limits                Uses
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
Phenylethyl acetate (CAS Reg.   Not to exceed 0.015%   Solvent.
 No. 103-45-7).                  in pesticide
                                 formulation..
 
                              * * * * * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------

[FR Doc. 2017-28317 Filed 12-29-17; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6560-50-P