[Federal Register Volume 82, Number 211 (Thursday, November 2, 2017)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 50988-51049]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2017-22374]



[[Page 50987]]

Vol. 82

Thursday,

No. 211

November 2, 2017

Part II





Securities and Exchange Commission





-----------------------------------------------------------------------





17 CFR Parts 229, 230, 232, et al.





FAST Act Modernization and Simplification of Regulation S-K; Proposed 
Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 82 , No. 211 / Thursday, November 2, 2017 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 50988]]


-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

17 CFR Parts 229, 230, 232, 239, 240, 249, 270, 274 and 275

[Release No. 33-10425; 34-81851; IA-4791; IC-32858; File No. S7-08-17]
RIN 3235-AM02


FAST Act Modernization and Simplification of Regulation S-K

AGENCY: Securities and Exchange Commission.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We are proposing amendments based on the recommendations made 
in the staff's Report on Modernization and Simplification of Regulation 
S-K, as required by Section 72003 of the Fixing America's Surface 
Transportation Act. The proposed amendments are intended to modernize 
and simplify certain disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K, and 
related rules and forms, in a manner that reduces the costs and burdens 
on registrants while continuing to provide all material information to 
investors. The amendments are also intended to improve the readability 
and navigability of disclosure documents and discourage repetition and 
disclosure of immaterial information. To provide for a consistent set 
of rules to govern incorporation by reference and hyperlinking, we are 
also proposing parallel amendments to several rules and forms 
applicable to investment companies and investment advisers, including 
proposed amendments that would require certain investment company 
filings to be submitted in HyperText Markup Language (``HTML'') format.

DATES: Comments should be received by January 2, 2018.

ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:

Electronic Comments

     Use the Commission's Internet comment forms (http://www.sec.gov/rules/proposed.shtml);
     Send an email to rule-comments@sec.gov. Please include 
File Number S7-08-17 on the subject line; or
     Use the Federal Rulemaking Portal (http://www.regulations.gov). Follow the instructions for submitting comments.

Paper Comments

     Send paper comments in triplicate to Brent J. Fields, 
Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number S7-08-17. This file number 
should be included in the subject line if email is used. To help us 
process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one 
method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's Web 
site (http://www.sec.gov/rules/proposed.shtml). Comments also are 
available for Web site viewing and printing in the Commission's Public 
Reference Room, 100 F Street NE., Room 1580, Washington, DC 20549, on 
official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. 
All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting 
comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal 
identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit 
only information that you wish to make available publicly.
    Studies, memoranda, or other substantive items may be added by the 
Commission or staff to the comment file during this rulemaking. A 
notification of the inclusion in the comment file of any such materials 
will be made available on the Commission's Web site. To ensure direct 
electronic receipt of such notifications, sign up through the ``Stay 
Connected'' option at www.sec.gov to receive notifications by email.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Shehzad Niazi, Daniel Morris, or Angie 
Kim, Office of Rulemaking, Division of Corporation Finance, at (202) 
551-3430; Michael C. Pawluk or J. Matthew DeLesDernier, Investment 
Company Rulemaking Office, Division of Investment Management, at (202) 
551-6792; U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., 
Washington, DC 20549.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Commission is proposing to amend Items 
10, 102, 202, 303, 401, 405, 407, 501, 503, 512, 601, and 1100 of 
Regulation S-K under the Securities Act of 1933 (the ``Securities 
Act'') and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the ``Exchange Act''); 
Rules 405, 411, and 491 of Regulation C under the Securities Act; Rules 
11, 102, 105, 303, and 406 of Regulation S-T under the Securities Act 
and Exchange Act; Forms S-1, S-3, S-6, S-11, N-14, S-4, F-1, F-3, F-4, 
F-7, F-8, F-10, F-80, SF-1, and SF-3 under the Securities Act; Rules 
12b-13, 12b-23, 14a-101 (Schedule 14A), and 16a-3 under the Exchange 
Act; Forms 3, 4, 5, 8-A, 10, 20-F, 40-F, 8-K, 10-Q, 10-K, and 10-D 
under the Exchange Act; Rule 0-4 under the Investment Company Act of 
1940 (the ``Investment Company Act''); Forms N-1A, N-2, N-3, N-4, N-5, 
and N-6 under the Investment Company Act and Securities Act; Form N-CSR 
under the Investment Company Act and Exchange Act; and Rule 0-6 under 
the Investment Advisers Act of 1940 (``Investment Advisers Act''). The 
Commission is also proposing to add new Item 105 to Regulation S-K and 
to remove Rule 12b-32 under the Exchange Act and Rules 8b-23, 8b-24, 
and 8b-32 under the Investment Company Act.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction
    A. Background
    B. Overview of the Proposed Amendments
II. Proposed Amendments
    A. Description of Property (Item 102)
    B. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition 
and Results of Operations (Item 303)
    1. Year-to-Year Comparisons (Instruction 1 to Item 303(a))
    2. Application to Foreign Private Issuers
    C. Management, Security Holders and Corporate Governance
    1. Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters, and Control Persons 
(Item 401)
    2. Compliance With Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act (Item 405)
    3. Corporate Governance (Item 407)
    D. Registration Statement and Prospectus Provisions
    1. Outside Front Cover Page of the Prospectus (Item 501(b))
    2. Risk Factors (Item 503(c))
    3. Plan of Distribution (Item 508)
    4. Undertakings (Item 512)
    E. Exhibits
    1. Description of Registrant's Securities (Item 601(b)(4))
    2. Information Omitted From Exhibits (Item 601)
    3. Material Contracts (Item 601(b)(10)(i))
    4. Subsidiaries of the Registrant and Entity Identifiers (Item 
601(b)(21)(i))
    5. Application to Foreign Private Issuers
    F. Incorporation by Reference
    1. Item 10(d)
    2. Securities Act Rule 411, Exchange Act Rule 12b-23 and Rule 
12b-32 and Related Rules Under the Investment Company Act and 
Investment Advisers Act
    3. Forms
    G. Manner of Delivery
    1. Tagging Cover Page Data
    2. Exhibit Hyperlinks and HTML Format for Investment Companies
    H. General Request for Comment
III. Economic Analysis
    A. Background
    1. The Benefits of Information Disclosure
    2. The Costs of Disclosure
    B. Baseline
    C. Economic Analysis of the Proposed Amendments: General 
Assessment, Including Impact on Efficiency, Competition, and Capital 
Formation
    D. Economic Analysis of the Specific Amendments: Proposals That 
Clarify and Update Existing Rules
    1. Proposals That Clarify or Streamline a Rule's Requirements

[[Page 50989]]

    2. Proposals To Update Rules To Account for Subsequent 
Developments
    E. Economic Analysis of the Specific Amendments: Proposals That 
Simplify the Disclosure Process or Eliminate Disclosures
    1. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition 
and Results of Operations (Item 303)
    2. Information Omitted From Exhibits (Item 601): Item 601(a)(5), 
Item 601(a)(6), and Item 601(b)(10)(iv)
    F. Economic Analysis of the Specific Amendments: Proposals That 
Require More Disclosure or the Incorporation of New Technology
    1. Description of Registrant's Securities (Item 601(b)(4))
    2. Subsidiaries of the Registrant and Entity Identifiers (Item 
601(b)(21))
    3. Tagging Cover Page Data
    4. Proposals for Additional Disclosure With Minimal Additional 
Costs to Registrants
    G. Economic Analysis of HTML and Hyperlinking Requirements of 
Forms Under the Investment Company Act
IV. Paperwork Reduction Act
    A. Background
    B. Summary of the Proposed Amendments' Impact on Collection of 
Information
    1. Proposed Amendments Expected To Decrease Burdens
    2. Proposed Amendments Expected To Increase Burdens
    3. Proposed Amendments Not Expected to Meaningfully Affect 
Burdens
    C. Burden and Cost Estimates to the Proposed Amendments
    1. Form 10-K and Form 10-Q; Schedule 14A and Schedule 14C
    2. Form S-1, Form S-3, Form S-4, Form F-3, Form F-4, Form SF-1, 
Form SF-3, Form 10, and Form 20-F
    3. Form 8-A, Form 10-D, Form 40-F, Form F-7, Form F-8, Form F-
10, and Form F-80
    4. Form S-6, Form N-1A, Form N-2, Form N-3, Form N-4, Form N-5, 
Form N-6, Form N-14, and Form N-CSR
    D. Request for Comment
V. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act
VI. Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis
    A. Reasons for, and Objectives of, the Proposed Action
    B. Legal Basis
    C. Small Entities Subject to the Proposed Rules
    D. Reporting, Recordkeeping, and Other Compliance Requirements
    E. Duplicative, Overlapping, or Conflicting Federal Rules
    F. Significant Alternatives
    G. Request for Comment
VII. Statutory Authority and Text of Proposed Rule and Form 
Amendments

I. Introduction

A. Background

    We are proposing amendments to modernize and simplify certain 
disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K and related rules and forms 
to implement Section 72003 of the Fixing America's Surface 
Transportation Act (the ``FAST Act'').\1\ As required by Section 
72003(c) of the FAST Act, the staff published its Report on 
Modernization and Simplification of Regulation S-K (the ``FAST Act 
Report'') on November 23, 2016.\2\ Consistent with Section 72003, the 
FAST Act Report provided ``specific and detailed recommendations on 
modernizing and simplifying the requirements in Regulation S-K in a 
manner that reduces the costs and burdens on companies while still 
providing all material information'' and ``[recommendations] on ways to 
improve the readability and navigability of disclosure and to 
discourage repetition and the disclosure of immaterial information.'' 
\3\ Also consistent with Section 72003, the FAST Act Report reflected 
consultations with the Investor Advisory Committee (``IAC'') and the 
Advisory Committee on Small and Emerging Companies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ Public Law No. 114-94, Sec. 72003, 129 Stat. 1312 (2015).
    \2\ Report on Modernization and Simplification of Regulation S-K 
(Nov. 23, 2016), available at https://www.sec.gov/reportspubs/sec-fast-act-report-2016.pdf.
    \3\ See FAST Act Sec.  72003(c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    This release proposes amendments based on the recommendations in 
the FAST Act Report. The proposed amendments largely implement these 
recommendations, as required by Section 72003(d) of the FAST Act. 
However, in some cases, and as discussed in more detail below, we have 
chosen to alter or supplement the staff's previously recommended 
approach based on our consideration of the issues and the statutory 
mandate.\4\ This release reflects perspectives developed during the 
staff's broader review of the Commission's disclosure regime. As part 
of that effort, the staff requested public input on how the disclosure 
system could be improved,\5\ and the Commission issued a concept 
release on the business and financial disclosure requirements in 
Regulation S[dash]K (the ``Concept Release'').\6\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ The FAST Act Report presented recommendations for the 
Commission's consideration. The FAST Act Report also noted that many 
of the recommendations in the report were necessarily preliminary in 
nature and that ongoing outreach and study would be necessary in 
connection with any rulemaking to implement the recommendations. See 
FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at n.15.
    \5\ Comment letters related to this request are available at 
https://www.sec.gov/spotlight/disclosure-effectiveness.shtml. We 
refer to these letters throughout as ``Disclosure Effectiveness'' 
letters.
    \6\ See Business and Financial Disclosure Required by Regulation 
S-K, Release No. 33-10064 (Apr. 13, 2016) [81 FR 23916 (Apr. 22, 
2016)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In developing the proposed amendments, we considered the comment 
letters we received on the Concept Release; \7\ the prior staff study 
of Regulation S-K (the ``S-K Study'') mandated by the Jumpstart Our 
Business Startups Act (the ``JOBS Act''); \8\ the Commission's request 
for comment on the requirements relating to management, security 
holders, and corporate governance matters in Subpart 400 of Regulation 
S[dash]K (the ``Regulation S[dash]K Subpart 400 Release''); \9\ and the 
FAST Act Report.\10\ Throughout this release, we discuss these comments 
as further context for the proposed amendments.\11\ The proposed 
amendments also reflect the Commission's experience with Regulation 
S[dash]K arising from the Division of Corporation Finance's disclosure 
review program.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \7\ Comment letters related to this request are available at 
https://www.sec.gov/comments/s7-06-16/s70616.htm.
    \8\ Public Law No. 112-106, Sec. 108, 126 Stat. 306 (2012). See 
also Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act [17 CFR 240.12b-2] and Rule 
405 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.405]. Section 108 of the 
JOBS Act required the Commission to comprehensively evaluate its 
disclosure requirements to determine how they could be updated to 
modernize and simplify the registration process and reduce the costs 
and other burdens associated with these requirements for emerging 
growth companies (``EGCs''). The resulting recommendations are in 
the staff's Report on Review of Disclosure Requirements in 
Regulation S-K, available at https://www.sec.gov/news/studies/2013/reg-sk-disclosure-requirements-review.pdf.
    In connection with the S-K Study, we received public comments on 
regulatory initiatives to be undertaken in response to the JOBS Act. 
See Comments on SEC Regulatory Initiatives Under the JOBS Act: Title 
I--Review of Regulation S-K, available at http://www.sec.gov/comments/jobs-title-i/reviewreg-sk/reviewreg-sk.shtml.
    \9\ Request for Comment on Subpart 400 of Regulation S-K 
Disclosure Requirements Relating to Management, Certain Security 
Holders and Corporate Governance Matters, Release No. 33-10198 (Aug. 
25, 2016) [81 FR 59927 (Aug. 31, 2016)]. Comment letters related to 
this request are available at https://www.sec.gov/comments/s7-18-16/s71816.htm. We refer to these letters throughout as ``Subpart 400'' 
letters.
    \10\ Comment letters related to the FAST Act Report are 
available at https://www.sec.gov/comments/fast/fast.htm.
    After the FAST Act Report was published, the staff updated the 
IAC on the recommendations included in the report at its December 8, 
2016 meeting. See Minutes of the IAC Meeting on December 8, 2016 
available at https://www.sec.gov/spotlight/investor-advisory-committee-2012/iac120816-minutes.htm. The staff did not discuss with 
the IAC or the ACSEC potential modifications to those 
recommendations as reflected in this release.
    \11\ Unless otherwise indicated, comment letters cited in this 
release are to the Concept Release.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this release, we focus on amendments to implement Section 
72003(d) of the FAST Act. Accordingly, we are not at this time 
proposing amendments that extend substantially

[[Page 50990]]

beyond the staff's recommendations in the FAST Act Report.\12\ We are 
continuing to consider potential additional changes to our disclosure 
regime in connection with recent proposing releases and requests for 
comment.\13\ In addition, we are proposing parallel amendments to 
several rules and forms applicable to investment companies and 
investment advisers to provide for a consistent set of rules governing 
incorporation by reference and hyperlinking, including proposed 
amendments that would require certain investment company filings to be 
submitted in HTML format.\14\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \12\ As discussed in relevant sections below, some of the 
proposed amendments in this release would apply to Form 20-F or Form 
40-F. Form 20-F is the combined registration statement and annual 
report form for foreign private issuers under the Exchange Act. It 
also sets forth disclosure requirements for registration statements 
filed by foreign private issuers under the Securities Act. Form 40-F 
is the registration statement and annual report used by eligible 
Canadian issuers under the Multijurisdictional Disclosure System. 
While Section 72003 of the FAST Act is focused on Regulation S-K, we 
are proposing to make corresponding changes to the disclosure 
requirements applicable to foreign private issuers where Forms 20-F 
and 40-F include provisions that are substantially similar to those 
found in Regulation S-K.
    \13\ See Request for Comment on Possible Changes to Industry 
Guide 3 (Statistical Disclosure by Bank Holding Companies), Release 
No. 33-10321 (Mar. 1, 2017) [82 FR 12757 (Mar. 7, 2017)]; Concept 
Release, supra note 6; Regulation S-K Subpart 400 Release, supra 
note 9; Disclosure Update and Simplification, Release No. 33-10110 
(Jul. 13, 2016) [81 FR 51607 (Aug. 4, 2016)] (the ``Disclosure 
Update and Simplification Proposing Release''); Amendments to 
Smaller Reporting Company Definition, Release No. 33-10107 (Jun. 27, 
2016) [81 FR 43130 (Jul. 1, 2016)]; and Modernization of Property 
Disclosures for Mining Registrants, Release No. 33-10098 (Jun. 16, 
2016) [81 FR 41651 (Jun. 27, 2016)] (the ``Modernization for Mining 
Registrants Proposing Release'').
    \14\ The Commission has adopted requirements for exhibit 
hyperlinks and HTML format for operating companies. See Exhibit 
Hyperlinks and HTML Format, Release No. 33-10322 (Mar. 1, 2017) [82 
FR 14130 (Mar. 17, 2017)] (``Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release'') 
(adopting amendments to require registrants to hyperlink to each 
exhibit listed in the exhibit index and, to enable the inclusion of 
hyperlinks, requiring registrants to submit all such filings in HTML 
format). Non-accelerated filers and smaller reporting companies 
(``SRCs'') may continue to file in American Standard Code for 
Information Interchange (``ASCII'') until September 1, 2018 and are 
therefore not required to include exhibit hyperlinks until that 
date.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Overview of the Proposed Amendments

    We are proposing amendments to several individual rules that would 
update, streamline, or otherwise improve our well-established and 
robust disclosure framework. These include proposed changes to:
     Description of Property (Item 102);
     Management's Discussion and Analysis (Item 303);
     Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters, and Control 
Persons (Item 401);
     Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act \15\ 
(Item 405);
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \15\ 15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Outside Front Cover Page of the Prospectus (Item 501(b)); 
\16\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \16\ See proposed amendments to Item 501(b)(1), (b)(3) and 
(b)(4).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Risk Factors (Item 503(c));
     Plan of Distribution (Item 508); \17\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \17\ Our proposals would amend Rule 405 and Rule 491.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Material Contracts (Item 601(b)(10)); and
     Various rules related to incorporation by reference.
    Other proposed amendments would update some of our rules to account 
for developments since their adoption or last amendment. These include 
proposed changes to Corporate Governance (Item 407), Outside Front 
Cover Page of the Prospectus (Item 501(b)(10)), and Undertakings (Item 
512). Some of the proposed amendments would simplify disclosure or the 
disclosure process. These include proposed changes to Management's 
Discussion and Analysis (Item 303(a)) that would allow for flexibility 
in discussing historical periods and the addition of new subparagraphs 
to Exhibits (Item 601) to permit omission of portions of exhibits that 
do not contain material information.
    Some of our proposed amendments would require additional disclosure 
or incorporation of new technology. These include proposed changes to:
     Outside Front Cover Page of the Prospectus (Item 
501(b)(4));
     Description of Registrant's Securities (Item 601(b)(4));
     Subsidiaries of the Registrant (Item 601(b)(21)(i)); and
     Various regulations and forms to require all of the 
information on the cover pages of some Exchange Act forms to be tagged 
in Inline XBRL format.
    We discuss the proposed amendments generally in the order that each 
Item appears in Regulation S-K; however, we have consolidated the 
discussion of the rules and item requirements related to incorporation 
by reference. We have also consolidated our discussion of rules 
requiring the incorporation of new technology.

II. Proposed Amendments

A. Description of Property (Item 102)

    Item 102 requires disclosure of the location and general character 
of the principal plants, mines, and other materially important physical 
properties of the registrant and its subsidiaries.\18\ Instruction 1 to 
Item 102 states that registrants must disclose such information as 
reasonably will inform investors as to the suitability, adequacy, 
productive capacity, and extent of utilization of the facilities by the 
registrant.\19\ Instruction 2 provides that, in determining whether 
properties are material to an understanding of the registrant's 
business taken as a whole, registrants should take into account both 
quantitative and qualitative factors.\20\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \18\ Item 102 of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.102].
    \19\ Detailed descriptions of the physical characteristics of 
individual properties or legal descriptions by metes and bounds are 
not required. See Instruction 1 to Item 102 of Regulation S-K.
    \20\ Disclosure specific to the mining, oil and gas, and real 
estate industries is outside the scope of this release. Instructions 
3, 5, and 7 apply to the mining industry. The Commission has 
separately proposed revisions to the property disclosure 
requirements for mining registrants. See Modernization for Mining 
Registrants Proposing Release, supra note 13. Instructions 4, 6, and 
8 apply to the oil and gas industry. The Commission considered 
disclosure specific to the oil and gas industry in 2008. See 
Modernization of Oil and Gas Reporting, Release No. 33-8995 (Dec. 
31, 2008) [74 FR 2158 (Jan. 14, 2009)]. Instruction 9 applies to the 
real estate industry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Currently, Item 102 specifies disclosure of ``principal'' plants, 
mines, and other ``materially important'' physical properties. The 
staff has observed, however, that the item may elicit disclosure that 
is not material.\21\ For example, some registrants--such as those in 
the services or information technology industry--may not have material 
physical properties, and accordingly, these registrants tend to 
disclose information about their corporate headquarters, office space, 
and other facilities in response to this item. To address this concern, 
in the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that the Commission 
consider revising Item 102 to require a description of property only to 
the extent that physical properties are material to the registrant's 
business.\22\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \21\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation B.1. 
See also Concept Release, supra note 6, at Section IV.A.6.b and SEC 
Staff's Report of the Task Force on Disclosure Simplification (Mar. 
5, 1996) available at https://www.sec.gov/news/studies/smpl.htm.
    \22\ FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation B.1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Similarly, several commenters stated that Item 102 is not relevant 
to all registrants or can result in immaterial disclosure.\23\ Two of 
these commenters

[[Page 50991]]

noted that, if material to a registrant's business, Item 303, 
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results 
of Operations (``MD&A''),\24\ would require a discussion of the 
importance of a property or facility and, in these instances, Item 102 
may result in duplicative disclosure.\25\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \23\ See, e.g., Letters from Ernst & Young (Sept. 11, 2012) [S-K 
Study letter] (``Ernst & Young 1''); U.S. Chamber of Commerce (July 
29, 2014) [Disclosure Effectiveness letter] (``Chamber 1''); Society 
of Corporate Secretaries and Governance Professionals (Sept.10, 
2014) [Disclosure Effectiveness letter] (``Society of Corporate 
Secretaries''); Shearman & Sterling LLP (Nov. 26, 2014) [Disclosure 
Effectiveness letter] (``Shearman 1'') (stating that disclosure of 
physical properties does not, in most cases, provide investors 
meaningful information, particularly for registrants not engaged in 
manufacturing); Allstate Insurance Company (July 1, 2016) 
(``Allstate''); Fenwick West LLP (Aug. 1, 2016) (``Fenwick''); U.S. 
Chamber of Commerce (July 20, 2016) (``Chamber 2''); Corporate 
Governance Coalition for Investor Value (July 20, 2016) (``CGCIV''); 
Securities Industry and Financial Markets Association (July 21, 
2016) (``SIFMA''); Ernst & Young (July 21, 2016) (``Ernst &Young 
3''); and Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP (July 22, 2016) (``Davis Polk 
1'').
    \24\ 17 CFR 229.303.
    \25\ See Letters from Chamber 1 and Society of Corporate 
Secretaries.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A number of commenters also supported revising Item 102 to be more 
principles-based or require disclosure only when property is 
material.\26\ One of these commenters asserted that the lack of a 
materiality overlay in Instruction 2 to Item 102 results in immaterial 
disclosure.\27\ Another commenter noted different triggers for 
disclosure in Item 102, such as the item's reference to ``materially 
important'' physical properties and ``major'' encumbrance.\28\ This 
commenter suggested harmonizing these and similarly varied formulations 
to lessen ambiguity in their application.\29\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \26\ See, e.g., Letters from Allstate; National Association of 
Real Estate Investment Trusts (July 21, 2016); Fenwick; Davis Polk 
1; FedEx Corporation (July 21, 2016) (``FedEx''); Chamber 2; and 
CGCIV (both the Chamber 2 and CGCIV letters recommended eliminating 
this disclosure requirement except to the extent property disclosure 
is material or is necessary to make other disclosures not misleading 
and stated that, if this disclosure requirement is retained, it 
should not be expanded and the Commission should clarify that for 
registrants who do not have material physical properties, disclosure 
about their corporate headquarters, office space, and other 
facilities is optional, not required).
    \27\ See Letter from Fenwick.
    \28\ See Letter from American Bar Association (Mar. 6, 2015) 
[Disclosure Effectiveness letter] (``ABA'').
    \29\ Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A few commenters, however, suggested retaining this item in its 
current form,\30\ with one commenter noting the importance of this 
disclosure for mining companies.\31\ Additionally, two commenters 
recommended expanding the item to include additional disclosure.\32\ 
One of these commenters recommended disclosure of risks resulting from 
the potential lack of availability and rising cost of properties.\33\ 
The other commenter recommended property disclosure specific to the 
manufacturing industry, including manufacturing locations that promote 
and retain jobs within the United States. This commenter stated that 
enhanced disclosures would inform investors about the benefits of 
manufacturing in the United States.\34\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \30\ See, e.g., Letters from US SIF: The Forum for Sustainable 
and Responsible Investment (Sept., 18, 2014) [Disclosure 
Effectiveness letter] (``US SIF 1''); US SIF: The Forum for 
Sustainable and Responsible Investment (July 14, 2016) (``US SIF 
2''); Elise J. Bean (July 6, 2016) (``E. Bean''); and CFA Institute 
(Oct. 6, 2016) (``CFA Institute'').
    \31\ See Letter from US SIF 2.
    \32\ See Letters from Stephen P. Percoco (July 24, 2016) (``S. 
Percoco'') and Sen. Feinstein, et al. (Feb. 27, 2017) (``Sen. 
Feinstein, et al.'').
    \33\ See Letter from S. Percoco.
    \34\ See Letter from Sen. Feinstein, et al.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with several commenters' suggestions and the staff's 
recommendation in the FAST Act report, we are proposing to revise Item 
102 to emphasize materiality. While the FAST Act Report recommended 
amending Item 102 to require disclosure only to the extent physical 
properties are material to the registrant's business, our proposals 
would require this disclosure to the extent material to the registrant. 
Our proposal is intended to encompass properties that are material to 
the registrant, which would include those properties that are material 
to the registrant's business.\35\ We are also proposing to clarify that 
the disclosure required under Item 102 should focus on physical 
properties that are material to the registrant and may be provided on a 
collective basis, if appropriate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \35\ We believe this approach is clearer and does not 
inadvertently omit disclosures that would be material to the 
registrant, but not its ongoing business, for example properties 
that had value that was material to the registrant but that were no 
longer important to its operations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As suggested by one commenter, we are also proposing to harmonize 
the various non-industry-specific triggers for disclosure in Item 
102.\36\ For example, we are proposing to replace the references to 
``major'' encumbrances and ``materially important'' physical properties 
in Item 102 with references to a materiality threshold. By using a 
consistent materiality threshold, we intend to facilitate application 
of the proposed amendments. In light of the particular significance of 
this disclosure for registrants in the mining, real estate, and oil and 
gas industries, we are not proposing to modify any of the instructions 
of Item 102 specific to those industries in this release.\37\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \36\ See Letter from ABA.
    \37\ For example, Instruction 3 of Item 102 refers to ``major 
significance'' and is specific to the mining industry. The 
Modernization for Mining Registrants Proposing Release proposes to 
eliminate this instruction. See supra note 13.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the FAST Act Report, the staff also recommended that the 
Commission consider combining the description of material physical 
properties with the description of business in Item 101(c) of 
Regulation S-K.\38\ A number of commenters on the Concept Release also 
recommended incorporating Item 102 into the broader description of 
business disclosure requirements in Item 101.\39\ Several of these 
commenters recommended revising Item 101 to require broad disclosure of 
a registrant's resources or assets, whether physical or otherwise, that 
are critical to a registrant's business.\40\ One of these commenters 
stated that the specific requirements of Item 102 are obsolete, but 
that a description of physical properties in Item 101 would remain 
relevant to certain types of registrants.\41\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \38\ Item 101(c) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.101(c)]. See FAST 
Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation B.1.
    \39\ See, e.g., Letters from Ernst & Young 3; SIFMA; New York 
State Society of Certified Public Accountants (July 19, 2016) 
(``NYSSCPA''); Davis Polk 1; General Motors Company (Sept. 30, 2016) 
(``General Motors''); and Financial Executives International (Oct. 
3, 2016) (``Financial Executives International'').
    \40\ See Letters from Ernst & Young 3; Davis Polk 1; General 
Motors; and Financial Executives International.
    \41\ See Letter from Davis Polk 1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We have considered the recommendations of the staff and commenters 
but are not proposing to combine Item 102 and Item 101. We believe that 
any effort to combine these items should follow a broader evaluation of 
how the disclosure should address material core assets, whether 
physical or otherwise, including material resources such as human 
capital or intellectual property. Such a broader inquiry was not 
included in the FAST Act Report and is therefore outside the scope of 
this release.
Request for Comment
    1. Should we revise Item 102 to clarify that a description of 
property is required only to the extent that physical properties are 
material to the registrant and may be provided on a collective basis, 
if appropriate, as proposed? Under what circumstances is the 
flexibility to provide property disclosure on a collective basis useful 
(e.g., information about the percentage of material properties within 
and outside the United States)?
    2. Should we harmonize non-industry-specific disclosure thresholds 
by replacing them with a materiality threshold as proposed?
    3. The S-K Study recommended that, for businesses that have 
material properties, disclosure requirements

[[Page 50992]]

could be refocused on material facts about those properties that would 
inform investors about the significance of the property to the 
business, including uncertainties in connection with these 
properties.\42\ Should Item 102 require additional disclosure about 
material properties, including uncertainties such as information about 
properties that are located near designated areas where natural 
disasters are more likely to occur? If so, what should be required and 
why? Would this elicit more meaningful disclosure or would this 
duplicate disclosure in MD&A?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \42\ See S-K Study at pp. 99-100 (recommending that ``[f]or 
businesses that do have properties that are material, disclosure 
requirements could be refocused on material facts about those 
properties that would inform investors about the significance of the 
property to the business and any trends or uncertainties in 
connection with that property, rather than requiring a list of 
locations, capacity and ownership. Changes in the way that 
businesses operate may also make other disclosures relevant that are 
not expressly addressed under current requirements. For example, 
requirements could be more specific as to additional disclosure that 
would be necessary where a business relies heavily on intellectual 
property owned by a third party or relies on service agreements with 
third parties to perform necessary business functions.'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

B. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and 
Results of Operations (Item 303) 43
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \43\ After consideration of the staff's recommendation C.2. in 
the FAST Act Report, we are not, proposing to eliminate or revise 
the table of contractual obligations. See FAST Act Report, supra 
note 2, at n.15. See also letter from Jack Ciesielski (Dec. 12, 
2016) [FAST Act Letter] (opposing the staff's recommendation to 
delete or revise the table of contractual obligations).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Year-to-Year Comparisons (Instruction 1 to Item 303(a))
    Item 303(a) requires registrants to discuss their financial 
condition, changes in financial condition, and results of 
operations.\44\ Instruction 1 to Item 303(a) states that the discussion 
and analysis shall be of the financial statements and other statistical 
data that the registrant believes will enhance a reader's understanding 
of its financial condition, changes in financial condition, and results 
of operations. This instruction also provides that, generally, the 
discussion shall cover the three-year period covered by the financial 
statements and either use year-to-year comparisons or any other formats 
that in the registrant's judgment would enhance a reader's 
understanding. The instruction states that reference to the five-year 
selected financial data may be necessary where trend information is 
relevant.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \44\ Item 303(a) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.303(a)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that we consider 
revising Item 303(a) to clarify that a registrant need only provide a 
period-to-period comparison for the two most recent fiscal years 
covered by the financial statements and may hyperlink to the prior 
year's annual report for the earlier of the year-to-year 
comparisons.\45\ Many commenters on the Concept Release recommended 
modifying Item 303 to reduce duplicative disclosure, although these 
commenters recommended simply eliminating the earlier of the year-to-
year comparisons.\46\ A number of these commenters stated that this 
discussion is readily available in a registrant's prior year annual 
report on EDGAR.\47\ Two of these commenters stated that repetition of 
the earlier of the year-to-year comparisons could distract investors 
from new, material information and result in confusion.\48\ A few of 
these commenters recommended requiring the earlier of the year-to-year 
comparisons only if there is a significant trend that is discernible 
through a multiple year-to-year comparison \49\ or if prior results 
have been restated.\50\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \45\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation C.1.
    \46\ See, e.g., Letters from Ernst & Young 1 (stating that the 
existing requirements in Item 303 should be sufficient to result in 
a comprehensive discussion of a three-year trend without a year-to-
year comparison); Chamber 1; Society of Corporate Secretaries (also 
stating that the existing requirements in Item 303 are sufficient to 
elicit a discussion of trends over the relevant three-year period, 
if such a trend exists and is material); IBM Corporation (Aug. 7, 
2014) [Disclosure Effectiveness letter]; Arthur J. Radin (May 29, 
2015) [Disclosure Effectiveness letter] (``A. Radin 1''); Arthur J. 
Radin (July 5, 2016) (``A. Radin 2''); UnitedHealth Group Inc. (July 
21, 2016) (``United Health''); SIFMA; Ernst & Young (Nov. 20, 2015) 
[Disclosure Effectiveness letter] (``Ernst &Young 2''); Ernst & 
Young 3; PNC Financial Services Group (July 21, 2016) (``PNC''); 
Investment Program Association (July 21, 2016) (``Investment Program 
Association''); Prologis Inc. (July 21, 2016) (``Prologis''); 
Allstate; Davis Polk 1; S. Percoco; Fenwick; NYSSCPA; Institute of 
Management Accountants; Chamber 2; FedEx; CGCIV; Northrop Grumman 
Corporation (Sept. 27, 2016); General Motors; and Financial 
Executives International.
    \47\ See, e.g., Letters from A. Radin 1 and A. Radin 2; Ernst 
&Young 3; PNC; Prologis; Allstate; Fenwick; NYSSCPA; Chamber 2; 
FedEx; CGCIV; Investment Program Association; General Motors; and 
Financial Executives International.
    \48\ See Letters from Chamber 1; Chamber 2; and CGCIV.
    \49\ See Letters from SIFMA and PNC.
    \50\ See Letter from S. Percoco.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Some of the commenters who suggested eliminating the earlier of the 
year-to-year comparisons recommended allowing registrants to hyperlink 
to the filing with the earlier of the year-to-year comparisons.\51\ One 
commenter opposed a requirement to hyperlink to the prior filing, 
stating that EDGAR is sufficiently user-friendly for investors to 
readily obtain the relevant report.\52\ Another commenter, however, 
disagreed with eliminating the requirement to include the earlier of 
the year-to-year comparisons stating that this would require investors 
to look for the information elsewhere.\53\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \51\ See, e.g., Letters from United Health; Investment Program 
Association; Allstate; and General Motors.
    \52\ See Letter from Fenwick.
    \53\ See Letters from CFA Institute (Nov. 12, 2014 [Disclosure 
Effectiveness letter] and Oct. 6, 2016).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are proposing to amend Item 303 to eliminate discussion of the 
earliest year in some situations.\54\ Under the amendments we propose 
today, when financial statements included in a filing cover three 
years, discussion about the earliest year would not be required if (i) 
that discussion is not material to an understanding of the registrant's 
financial condition, changes in financial condition, and results of 
operations, and (ii) the registrant has filed its prior year Form 10-K 
\55\ on EDGAR containing MD&A of the earliest of the three years 
included in the financial statements of the current filing. By allowing 
registrants to eliminate MD&A disclosure about the earliest year in 
these situations, our proposals are intended to discourage repetition 
of disclosure that is no longer material, which we believe would 
further our mandate under the FAST Act to modernize and simplify 
Regulation S-K in a manner that reduces costs and burdens on companies 
while still providing all material information.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \54\ Our proposed amendments to Item 303(a)(3) would not affect 
SRCs, as SRCs may limit their disclosure to the two-year period 
covered by their financial statements. See Instruction 1 to Item 
303(a) of Regulation S-K. See also Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act 
and Rule 405 under the Securities Act.
     Similarly, our proposed amendments would not affect EGCs that 
provide two years of audited financial statements. EGCs are only 
required to provide two years of audited financial statements in an 
initial public offering of common equity securities and may limit 
their MD&A to only those audited periods presented in the financial 
statements. Public Law 112-106, Sec. 102(b)-(c), 126 Stat. 306 
(2012). See also Instruction 1 to Item 303(a) of Regulation S-K.
    \55\ 17 CFR 249.310.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Our proposed amendments to Item 303(a) are consistent with our 
existing interpretive guidance on MD&A. In the 2003 MD&A Interpretive 
Release, the Commission stated that, in preparing MD&A, companies 
should evaluate issues presented in previous periods and consider 
reducing or omitting discussion of those that may no longer be material 
or helpful, or revise discussions where a revision would make the 
continuing relevance of an issue more apparent.\56\ The Commission

[[Page 50993]]

also encouraged companies and management to take a ``fresh look'' at 
MD&A with a view to enhancing its quality.\57\ The Commission observed 
that the effectiveness of MD&A decreases with the accumulation of 
unnecessary detail or duplicative or uninformative disclosure that 
obscures material information.\58\ In furtherance of this prior 
interpretive guidance, our proposals are intended to encourage 
companies to re-evaluate disclosures in their prior year MD&A and take 
a ``fresh look'' to determine whether such disclosure remains material.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \56\ See Commission Guidance Regarding Management's Discussion 
and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operation, 
Release No. 33-8350 (Dec. 19, 2003) [68 FR 75056 (Dec. 29, 2003)] 
(``2003 MD&A Interpretive Release'').
    \57\ Id.
    \58\ Id. See also Basic, Inc., v. Levinson, 485 U.S. 224 (1998) 
at 231 quoting TSC Industries, Inc. v. Northway, Inc., 426 U.S. 438 
(1976) at 448-449.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    To this end, we are not proposing the staff's recommendation in the 
FAST Act Report to hyperlink to the prior year's annual report for the 
earlier of the year-to-year comparison. We believe that encouraging 
companies to take a ``fresh look'' at their prior year MD&A to 
determine whether it remains material and eliminating disclosure of the 
earliest of the three years when specified conditions are met, rather 
than hyperlinking to disclosure that may no longer be material, would 
more effectively achieve our FAST Act mandate to reduce the costs and 
burdens on companies while continuing to provide all material 
information.\59\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \59\ We also are mindful that a number of registrants with 
segments or different lines of business may present their MD&A by 
segment or line of business. In these instances, numerous hyperlinks 
in MD&A may fragment readability.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Our proposals would also eliminate the reference to five-year 
selected financial data in Instruction 1 to Item 303(a). Instruction 1 
provides that, where trend information is relevant, reference to the 
five-year selected financial data in Item 301 may be necessary. Because 
disclosure requirements for liquidity, capital resources, and results 
of operations already require trend disclosure,\60\ we are proposing to 
simplify Instruction 1 by eliminating the reference to trend 
information. This proposed amendment is intended to eliminate 
duplication and is not intended to discourage registrants from 
providing trend disclosure in MD&A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \60\ See Item 303(a)(1), 303(a)(2)(ii) and 303(a)(3)(ii) of 
Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.303(a)(1), (a)(2)(ii), (a)(3)(ii)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are also proposing to simplify Instruction 1 to Item 303(a) to 
emphasize that registrants may use any presentation that, in the 
registrant's judgment, would enhance a reader's understanding. 
Instruction 1 currently specifies that the discussion cover the three-
year period covered by the financial statements and use year-to-year 
comparisons or any other format that, in the registrant's judgment, 
would enhance a reader's understanding. Although the staff has observed 
that almost all registrants provide year-to-year comparisons,\61\ we 
believe that registrants may, in some cases, determine that a narrative 
discussion for some or all of the years in the three-year period is a 
more appropriate format. For instance, in a situation where some 
information about the earliest year in a three-year period is needed 
because it remains material to an understanding of the registrant's 
financial condition, a registrant may decide that narrative disclosure 
about the earliest year and a year-to-year comparison for the two most 
recent years in the three-year period is appropriate. The proposed 
amendments underscore our intent to allow registrants to tailor the 
presentation of their disclosure to reflect their varying 
circumstances, provided that registrants continue to disclose the 
information required by Item 303.\62\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \61\ See Concept Release, supra note 6, at n.350 and 
accompanying text.
    \62\ See 2003 MD&A Interpretive Release, supra note 53.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    4. Should we revise Item 303 as proposed?
    5. Should we expand the proposal, with similar conditions, to other 
forms such as Form S[dash]1 \63\ or Form 8-K? \64\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \63\ 17 CFR 239.11.
    \64\ 17 CFR 249.308.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    6. Instead of allowing registrants to eliminate the earliest of the 
three years of MD&A in some situations, should we retain the earliest 
year requirement and instead amend Item 303 to allow registrants to 
hyperlink to the prior year's annual report for that disclosure in lieu 
of repeating the disclosure in the current year's report?
    7. Should we include additional conditions on allowing registrants 
to exclude the earliest of the three years or provide guidance on when 
a discussion of the earliest of the three years would be material to an 
understanding of the registrant's financial condition, changes in 
financial condition, and results of operations? For example, should we 
not allow registrants to exclude discussion of the earliest year if 
there has been a material change to either of the two earlier years due 
to a restatement or a retrospective adoption of a new accounting 
principle?
    8. Should we revise Instruction 1 to Item 303(a) as proposed to 
eliminate the reference to year-to-year comparisons? Would eliminating 
that reference encourage registrants to use a different presentation? 
Alternatively, should we retain the references to year-to-year 
comparisons and revise the instruction to identify specific 
alternatives to year-to-year comparisons? If so, what alternatives 
should we include?
    9. Should we eliminate the reference to five-year selected 
financial data in Instruction 1 to Item 303(a) as proposed? Would there 
be a significant impact on the total mix of information available? 
Would eliminating this reference discourage registrants from providing 
trend disclosure in their MD&A?
2. Application to Foreign Private Issuers
    The disclosure requirements for Item 5 of Form 20-F \65\ (Operating 
and Financial Review and Prospects) are substantively comparable to the 
MD&A requirements under Item 303 of Regulation S-K.\66\ To maintain a 
consistent approach to MD&A for domestic registrants and foreign 
private issuers, we are proposing changes to Form 20-F that conform to 
our proposed amendments to Instruction 1 to Item 303(a). Accordingly, 
our proposals would amend the instructions to Item 5 of Form 20-F to 
provide that, when financial statements included in a filing cover 
three years, discussion about the earliest year would not be required 
if (i) that discussion is not material to an understanding of the 
registrant's financial condition, changes in financial condition, and 
results of operations and (ii) the registrant has filed its prior year 
Form 20-F on EDGAR containing Item 5 disclosure of the earliest of the 
three years included in the financial statements of the current filing. 
Similar to our proposals for Item 303, we are proposing to amend the 
instructions to Item 5 of Form 20-F to emphasize that registrants may 
use any presentation that, in the registrant's judgment, would enhance 
a reader's understanding.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \65\ 17 CFR 249.220f.
    \66\ When the Commission revised the wording of Item 5 of Form 
20-F in 1999, the adopting release noted that the requirements 
correspond with Item 303 of Regulation S-K. See International 
Disclosure Standards, Release No. 33-7745 (Sept. 28, 1999) [64 FR 
53900 (Oct. 5, 1999)], at 53904.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are not proposing similar changes to Form 40-F.\67\ Form 40-F 
generally permits Canadian issuers to use Canadian disclosure documents 
to satisfy the Commission's registration and disclosure requirements. 
As a result, the MD&A contained in Form

[[Page 50994]]

40-F is largely prepared in accordance with Canadian disclosure 
standards.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \67\ 17 CFR 249.240f.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    10. Should we make corresponding changes to the instructions to 
Item 5 in Form 20-F as proposed? Why or why not? Are there any unique 
considerations with respect to foreign private issuers in this context?
    11. Should we include additional conditions on allowing registrants 
to exclude the earliest of the three years or provide guidance on when 
a discussion of the earliest of the three years would be material to an 
understanding of the registrant's financial condition, changes in 
financial condition, and results of operations when providing Item 5 
disclosure on Form 20-F? For example, should we not allow registrants 
to exclude discussion of the earliest year if there has been a material 
change to either of the two earlier years due to a restatement or a 
retrospective adoption of a new accounting principle?
    12. Should we make corresponding changes to Form 40-F? Why or why 
not?
    13. Would the proposed amendments conflict with home-country 
requirements in some jurisdictions? If so, please explain.

C. Management, Security Holders and Corporate Governance

1. Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters, and Control Persons (Item 
401)
    Item 401 \68\ requires disclosure of identifying and background 
information about a registrant's directors, executive officers, and 
significant employees.\69\ The information required by Item 401 must be 
included in several of the Commission's disclosure forms, including 
Part III of an annual report on Form 10-K. General Instruction G of 
Form 10-K allows Part III disclosure to be incorporated into the Form 
10-K by reference to the registrant's definitive proxy or information 
statement.\70\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \68\ 17 CFR 229.401.
    \69\ Item 401 of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.401] was adopted in 
1982 as part of the Commission's integrated disclosure initiative, 
although similar requirements can be traced back to Schedule A of 
the Securities Act. See Adoption of Integrated Disclosure System, 
Release No. 33-6383 (Mar. 3, 1982) [47 FR 11380 (Mar. 16, 1982)] 
(the ``Integrated Disclosure System Adopting Release''). See also 
Securities Act, Schedule A, Paragraph 4 [15 U.S.C. 77aa(4)].
    \70\ General Instruction G.3 allows the information required by 
Item 401, along with other items required by Part III of Form 10-K, 
to be incorporated by reference from the registrant's proxy 
statement if it is filed with the Commission within 120 days after 
the end of the fiscal year covered by the Form 10-K.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As an alternative to incorporating all of the Part III disclosure 
by reference to a definitive proxy or information statement, 
Instruction 3 to Item 401(b) allows disclosure of information about 
executive officers required under Item 401 to be included in Part I of 
Form 10-K. If a registrant elects to follow this instruction, it is not 
required to repeat that information in its definitive proxy or 
information statement.
    This instruction was introduced in 1978, when the executive officer 
and director disclosure requirements were moved from separate parts of 
Form 10-K into what was then Item 3 of Regulation S-K.\71\ The 
instruction was intended to allow registrants to continue the practice 
of disclosing information about their executives in Form 10-K while 
incorporating disclosure about directors and other matters by reference 
to their definitive proxy or information statement.\72\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \71\ See Uniform and Integrated Reporting Requirements, Release 
No. 33-5949 (July 28, 1978) [43 FR 34402 (Aug. 3, 1978)].
    \72\ Id. At the time, Part I of Form 10-K required disclosure 
regarding executive officers of the registrant and Part II required 
disclosure about directors. Registrants could exclude the Part II 
information if it would be included in the registrant's proxy 
statement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As the staff observed in the FAST Act Report, the instruction's 
location may cause confusion because it is included under paragraph 
(b), despite the fact that other paragraphs of Item 401 also require 
disclosure about executive officers.\73\ Although Instruction 3 refers 
to ``this Item'' (rather than to paragraph (b) narrowly), the staff 
issued interpretive guidance stating that disclosure of the business 
experience of executive officers pursuant to Item 401(e) need not be 
duplicated in proxy statements if it is already presented in Part I of 
Form 10[dash]K.\74\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \73\ FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation D.1.
    \74\ See Regulation S-K Compliance and Disclosure Interpretation 
116.02, available at https://www.sec.gov/divisions/corpfin/guidance/regs-kinterp.htm (last updated July 26, 2016). General Instruction G 
to Form 10-K also refers generally to the ``information regarding 
executive officers required by Item 401'' when discussing the 
accommodation provided in Instruction 3 to Item 401(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    To eliminate any confusion arising from the current location of the 
instruction, we are proposing to clarify the instruction by moving it 
from Item 401(b) and making it a general instruction to Item 401. The 
amended instruction is intended to clarify its application to any 
disclosure about executive officers required by Item 401. We are also 
proposing to revise the required caption for the disclosure if it is 
included in Part I of Form 10-K to reflect a ``plain English'' 
approach. The required caption would be ``Information about our 
Executive Officers'' instead of ``Executive officers of the 
registrant.''
Request for Comment
    14. Should we amend Instruction 3 to Item 401(b) as proposed?
    15. The proposed instruction would apply to all of the disclosure 
about executive officers required by Item 401. Should we limit this 
instruction to only certain paragraphs of Item 401, such as paragraphs 
(b) and (e) but exclude paragraph (f)? \75\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \75\ Item 401(b) (Identification of executive officers); Item 
401(e) (Business experience) and Item 401(f) (Involvement in certain 
legal proceedings).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    16. Where a registrant relies on General Instruction G to forward 
incorporate by reference to its definitive proxy or information 
statement, is there other Part III disclosure about executive officers 
that we should specify need not be duplicated in the proxy or 
information statement if it is already presented in Part I of Form 10-
K? For example, should we specify that disclosure about transactions 
with executive officers pursuant to Item 404 does not need to be 
duplicated in the proxy or information statement if it is already 
disclosed in Part I of Form 10-K?
    17. Instead of clarifying how Instruction 3 to Item 401(b) applies, 
should we require disclosure about executive officers to be included in 
a registrant's Form 10-K filing, so that it is easier to locate? \76\ 
Alternatively, should we require all Item 401 disclosure to be included 
in a registrant's proxy or information statement instead of its Form 
10-K if the registrant is required to file a proxy or information 
statement? \77\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \76\ See Letter from Davis Polk (Oct. 31, 2016) [Subpart 400 
letter] (``Davis Polk 2'') (stating that requiring disclosure about 
executive officers in Form 10-K would make it easier to find and 
would be more appropriate because shareholders ``are not generally 
asked to vote on matters related to a registrant's executive 
officers other than with respect to executive compensation, and that 
information is provided in the proxy statement'').
    \77\ See Letter from Ernst & Young LLP (Nov. 30, 2016) [Subpart 
400 letter] (recommending that all Item 401 disclosure be required 
in a registrant's proxy or information statement because splitting 
that disclosure is ``not conducive to investors assessing the 
diversity and complementary mix of experience of the board in 
conjunction with that of executive officers'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Compliance With Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act (Item 405)
    Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act requires officers, directors, and 
specified types of security holders to report their beneficial 
ownership of a registrant's equity securities using forms

[[Page 50995]]

prescribed by the Commission.\78\ Item 405 \79\ requires registrants to 
disclose each reporting person \80\ who failed to file on a timely 
basis Section 16 reports during the most recent fiscal year or prior 
fiscal years.\81\ The disclosure is required under the caption 
``Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance.'' Rule 16a-
3(e) requires reporting persons to furnish a duplicate of those Section 
16 reports to the registrant.\82\ Item 405(a) states that registrants 
shall provide the required disclosure based solely on a review of such 
furnished reports and any written representation provided by such 
persons that no Form 5 is required.\83\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \78\ See Form 3, Form 4, and Form 5.
    \79\ 17 CFR 229.405.
    \80\ Item 405(a)(1) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.405(a)(1)] 
defines a ``reporting person'' as ``each person who, at any time 
during the fiscal year, was a director, officer, beneficial owner of 
more than ten percent of any class of equity securities of the 
registrant registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act, or 
any other person subject to Section 16 of the Exchange Act with 
respect to the registrant because of the requirements of Section 30 
of the Investment Company Act.''
    \81\ Item 405 was initially proposed in 1988 in an attempt to 
reduce the high delinquency rate for Section 16 reports. See 
Ownership Reports and Trading by Officers, Directors and Principal 
Stockholders, Release No. 34-26333 (Dec. 2, 1988) [53 FR 49997 (Dec. 
13, 1988)] and Ownership Reports and Trading by Officers, Directors 
and Principal Security Holders, Release No. 34-27148 (Aug. 18, 1989) 
[54 FR 35667 (Aug. 29, 1989)] (re-proposing Item 405 in response to 
comments on the 1988 proposing release).
    \82\ See 17 CFR 240.16a-3(e).
    \83\ See 17 CFR 229.405(a) and (b)(1).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that we consider 
eliminating the delivery requirement in Rule 16a-3(e) and revising Item 
405 to permit registrants to rely only on (i) a review of Section 16 
reports submitted on EDGAR and (ii) any written representation that no 
Form 5 is required, when determining whether there are any Section 16 
delinquencies that must be disclosed pursuant to Item 405.\84\ 
Reporting persons have been required to file their Section 16 reports 
electronically on EDGAR since 2003.\85\ The Commission has stated that 
``[b]y reviewing Section 16 reports posted on EDGAR, an issuer is 
readily able to evaluate their timeliness'' \86\ and ``issuers also may 
consult EDGAR to obtain notice of new filings.'' \87\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \84\ FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation D.2.
    \85\ See Mandated Electronic Filing and Web Site Posting for 
Forms 3, 4 and 5, Release No. 33-8230 (May 7, 2003) [68 FR 25788 
(May 13, 2003)] (the ``Section 16 Mandatory Electronic Filing 
Release''). In addition, all registrants who maintain a corporate 
website are required to post any Section 16 reports relating to the 
equity securities of the registrant on such website pursuant to Rule 
16a-3(k) of the Exchange Act [17 CFR 240.16a-3(k)], and many 
registrants satisfy this requirement by providing hyperlinks 
directly to the electronic filings once they are made on EDGAR. The 
Commission has noted that any concerns a registrant may have about 
obtaining an electronic copy of the filing from a Section 16 
reporting person in order to satisfy the web posting requirement 
``would not arise for issuers that rely on a hyperlink (for example, 
to EDGAR) instead of, or in addition to, direct website posting.'' 
Id. at 25790.
    \86\ See Ownership Reports and Trading by Officers, Directors 
and Principal Security Holders, Release 33-8600 (Aug. 3, 2005) [70 
FR 46080 (Aug. 9, 2005)], at 46086.
    \87\ Section 16 Mandatory Electronic Filing Release, supra note 
85, at 25790.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the staff's recommendations, we are proposing to 
amend Item 405 to focus on a review of Section 16 reports available on 
EDGAR rather than reports furnished to the registrant. We are also 
proposing to eliminate the requirement in Rule 16a-3(e) that reporting 
persons furnish Section 16 reports to the registrant. We believe that a 
shift to reliance on electronically filed Section 16 reports, while 
retaining the written representation in Item 405(b)(1), would modernize 
and simplify compliance with Item 405 while still providing all 
material information.
    In the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that the Commission 
consider adding an instruction that permits a registrant to rely on the 
information in the Section 16 reports submitted on EDGAR unless it 
knows, or has reason to believe, that the information is not complete 
or accurate or that a report or an amendment should have been filed but 
was not.\88\ While there is a similar instruction in Item 403 of 
Regulation S-K with respect to the contents of Section 13(d) and 13(g) 
statements filed with the Commission,\89\ we have concerns that, if 
implemented, this recommendation could lead to uncertainty about when a 
registrant has a reporting obligation because of the difficulty 
ascertaining when a registrant may have knowledge of delinquencies or a 
reason to believe that delinquencies have occurred. Therefore, at this 
time, we are not proposing to expand reporting under Item 405 in this 
manner.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \88\ FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at n.55.
    \89\ See Instruction 3 to Item 403 [17 CFR 229.403].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are, however, proposing to change the language of Item 405 to 
clarify that registrants may rely on Section 16 reports filed on EDGAR 
but are not required to limit their inquiry to those filings. Item 405 
currently states that the registrant ``shall'' make its disclosure 
``based solely upon'' the Section 16 reports that are furnished to it 
pursuant to Rule 16a-3(e) and any written representation from a 
reporting person that no Form 5 is required. This language could be 
read to suggest that registrants may not rely on information outside of 
the Section 16 reports furnished to the registrant pursuant to Rule 
16a-3(e). As proposed, Item 405(b) would state that registrants ``may'' 
rely only on the Section 16 reports and the written representation. 
Therefore, if a registrant was aware that information in a Section 16 
report submitted on EDGAR was not complete or accurate, or that a 
reporting person failed to file a required report, it could provide 
appropriate disclosure pursuant to Item 405. We are also soliciting 
comment on the benefits and challenges of the proposed approach and how 
it may affect compliance with Section 16(a) reporting obligations.
    The staff's final recommendation for revising Item 405 was to 
eliminate the use of the ``Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting 
Compliance'' heading when the registrant does not have Section 16(a) 
delinquencies to report.\90\ The staff has observed that some 
registrants have included this heading to disclose that they have 
nothing to report pursuant to Item 405.\91\ To reduce unnecessary 
disclosure and improve the ability to search a registrant's filings for 
disclosure of Section 16(a) reporting delinquencies, we are proposing 
to add an instruction to Item 405 that encourages registrants to 
exclude the heading if they have no delinquencies to report. We are 
also proposing to change the heading to ``Delinquent Section 16(a) 
Reports'' to more precisely describe the required disclosure and to 
further encourage registrants to exclude the heading if they do not 
have delinquencies to report.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \90\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation D.3.
    \91\ Rule 12b-13 [17 CFR 240.12b-13] states that, unless 
expressly provided otherwise, if any item is inapplicable or the 
answer thereto is negative, an appropriate statement to that effect 
shall be made. Item 405, however, only requires the use of this 
heading when responsive disclosure is included. See Item 405(a)(1).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are also proposing to eliminate the checkbox on the cover page 
of Form 10-K relating to Item 405 disclosures and the related 
instruction in Item 10 of Form 10-K.\92\ Currently, registrants are 
required to check a box on the cover page of Form 10-K to indicate that 
disclosure pursuant to Item 405 is not contained in the Form 10-K and 
will not be contained, to the best of the registrant's knowledge, in 
any definitive proxy or information statement that is incorporated by 
reference.\93\ This checkbox was included in Form 10-K to

[[Page 50996]]

assist the Commission and security holders in identifying registrants 
that were disclosing delinquent filings by insiders.\94\ The related 
instruction in Item 10 of Form 10-K is also intended to facilitate the 
Form's processing and review.\95\ We believe that the proposed 
amendments would lessen the need for this checkbox by reducing the 
unnecessary use of the heading and thereby facilitating document 
searches. Moreover, the checkbox may have limited use, because most 
registrants defer their Item 405 disclosure to their definitive proxy 
or information statement pursuant to General Instruction G of Form 
10[dash]K.\96\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \92\ 17 CFR 229.10.
    \93\ See 17 CFR 249.310.
    \94\ See Ownership Reports and Trading by Officers, Directors 
and Principal Security Holders, Release No. 34-28869 [56 FR 7242 
(Feb. 21, 1991)] (``Ownership Reports and Trading Release''), at 
Section VI.B.
    \95\ The Instruction to Item 10 specifies that checking the box 
on the cover page to indicate that Item 405 disclosure of delinquent 
Form 3, 4, or 5 filers is not contained is intended to facilitate 
Form processing and review. The instruction also states that failure 
to provide such indication will not create liability for violation 
of the federal securities laws and that the space should be checked 
only if there is no disclosure in the Form of reporting person 
delinquencies in response to Item 405 and if the registrant, at the 
time of filing the Form 10-K, has reviewed the information necessary 
to ascertain, and has determined that, Item 405 disclosure is not 
expected to be contained in Part III of the Form 10-K or 
incorporated by reference.
    \96\ See Ownership Reports and Trading Release at 7260 (``If at 
the time of filing the Form 10-K the registrant does not yet know 
whether such disclosure will be contained in the proxy or 
information statement or the Form 10-K amendment containing the Part 
III information, the box should not be checked. If the box is not 
checked, this will not be taken as a statement that there will be 
Item 405 disclosure of delinquent filers, but rather that the 
registrant may not have the requisite knowledge at the time the Form 
10-K is filed.''). The proposed approach would also have the 
advantage of allowing for this disclosure to be located with a 
simple text search whether it is included in the registrant's annual 
report or its definitive proxy or information statement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    18. Would allowing registrants to rely on Section 16 reports filed 
on EDGAR instead of reports furnished to them reduce the burden of 
complying with Item 405 while preserving their ability to disclose 
delinquencies? What effect, if any, would the proposed approach have on 
compliance with the Section 16(a) reporting requirements? Should we 
continue to require Section 16 reporting persons to furnish reports to 
registrants, or should we require them to provide notice to the 
registrant when the reporting person files a report on EDGAR?
    19. Should we, instead of permitting, require a registrant to 
disclose delinquencies under Item 405 if it knows, or has reason to 
believe, that there is a delinquency that is not reflected on EDGAR? 
Why or why not?
    20. Should we revise the ``Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership 
Reporting Compliance'' heading as proposed? Is there an alternative 
heading that would be more appropriate?
    21. Should we continue to include a checkbox on Form 10-K, or 
include a checkbox on Schedule 14A \97\ or Schedule 14C, to indicate 
when the disclosure required by Item 405 is included in a filing? If 
so, what benefits would it provide compared to our proposed approach of 
encouraging registrants to exclude the proposed ``Delinquent Section 
16(a) Reports'' heading if they do not have delinquencies to report?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \97\ 17 CFR 240.14a-101.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Corporate Governance (Item 407)
    Several disclosure requirements related to corporate governance are 
consolidated in Item 407.\98\ In the FAST Act Report, the staff 
recommended updating a reference to an outdated auditing standard in 
Item 407(d)(3)(i)(B) and revising Item 407(e)(5) to clarify that EGCs 
are not required to provide a compensation committee report.\99\ We are 
proposing amendments to implement both of these recommendations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \98\ 17 CFR 229.407. Item 407 was adopted in 2006 to consolidate 
various corporate governance requirements under a single disclosure 
item. See Executive Compensation and Related Person Disclosure, 
Release No. 33-8732A (Aug. 29, 2006) [71 FR 53158 (Sept. 8, 2006)].
    \99\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendations D.4 
and D.5.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

a. Audit Committee Discussions With Independent Auditor (Item 
407(d)(3)(i)(B))
    Under existing Item 407(d)(3)(i)(B), when a registrant files a 
proxy or information statement relating to an annual or special meeting 
of security holders at which directors are elected or written consents 
are provided in lieu of a meeting, a registrant's audit committee must 
state whether it has discussed with the independent auditor the matters 
required by AU section 380, Communication with Audit Committees (``AU 
sec. 380'').\100\ AU sec. 380 was part of the interim standards 
previously adopted by the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board 
(``PCAOB'') on April 16, 2003.\101\ As noted in the Commission's 
concept release on audit committee disclosures (the ``Audit Committee 
Concept Release''), the reference to AU sec. 380 is outdated, because 
it was superseded by PCAOB Auditing Standard No. 16, Communications 
with Audit Committees (``AS 16'').\102\ Furthermore, on March 31, 2015, 
the PCAOB formally reorganized its auditing standards resulting in the 
codification of AS 16 as Auditing Standard No. 1301, Communications 
with Audit Committees (``AS 1301'').\103\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \100\ See Instruction 3 to Item 407(d) of Regulation S-K.
    \101\ See PCAOB Release No. 2003-006 (Apr. 16, 2003). AU sec. 
380 required an auditor to discuss various matters related to the 
conduct of an audit with those who have responsibility for oversight 
of the financial reporting process.
    \102\ See Possible Revisions to Audit Committee Disclosures, 
Release No. 33-9862 (July 1, 2015) [80 FR 38995 (July 8, 2015)], at 
39003.
    \103\ See PCAOB Release No. 2015-02 (Mar. 31, 2015). The PCAOB 
completed a reorganization of its auditing standards into a topical 
structure and a single, integrated numbering system (the 
``Reorganization''). The Commission approved the Reorganization on 
September 17, 2015. See Order Granting Approval of Proposed Rules to 
Implement the Reorganization of PCAOB Auditing Standards and Related 
Changes to PCAOB Rules and Attestation, Quality Control, and Ethics 
and Independence Standards, Release No. 34-75935 (Sept. 17, 2015) 
[80 FR 57263 (Sept. 22, 2015)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Commenters on the Audit Committee Concept Release that addressed 
this issue generally supported updating the AU sec. 380 reference.\104\ 
Commenters differed on how best to update this reference, as AS 1301 is 
not the only requirement addressing communications between an auditor 
and the audit committee. Specifically, both the Commission and PCAOB 
have other rules and standards that require matters to be communicated 
to a company's audit committee.\105\ Accordingly, several commenters 
suggested aligning the disclosure requirements with the communication 
requirements specific to the standards and rules of the PCAOB,\106\ 
while others suggested a more encompassing requirement that would refer 
to all audit committee communications with the independent auditors 
required by not only the PCAOB but also the Commission.\107\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \104\ Comments on the Audit Committee Concept Release are 
available at https://www.sec.gov/comments/s7-13-15/s71315.shtml. We 
refer to these letters throughout as ``Audit Committee'' letters.
    \105\ See, e.g., Appendix B to AS 1301; Section 10A(k) of the 
Exchange Act [15 U.S.C. Sec.  78j-1(k)]; Rule 2-07 of Regulation S-X 
[17 CFR 210.2-07]; and Rule 10A-3 [17 CFR 240.10A-3].
    \106\ See, e.g., Letters from AngloGold Ashanti Limited (Sept. 
7, 2015) [Audit Committee letter]; Deloitte & Touche LLP (Sept. 2, 
2015) [Audit Committee letter]; National Association of State Boards 
of Accountancy (Sept. 3, 2015) [Audit Committee letter]; and James 
H. Edwards (Sept. 8, 2015) [Audit Committee letter].
    \107\ See, e.g., Letters from AT&T Inc. (Sept. 8, 2015) [Audit 
Committee letter]; Federal Regulation of Securities, Law and 
Accounting, and Corporate Governance Committees of the American Bar 
Association (Feb. 9, 2016) [Audit Committee letter]; and The Home 
Depot, Inc. (Sept. 17, 2015) [Audit Committee letter]. One commenter 
on the Regulation S-K Subpart 400 Release also recommended updating 
Item 407(d) to refer to AS 16. See Letter from Davis Polk 2.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 50997]]

    After consideration of the comments we have received and the 
recommendation of the staff in the FAST Act Report, we are proposing to 
update the reference to AU sec. 380 by referring more broadly to the 
applicable requirements of the PCAOB and the Commission. We believe 
such an approach would accommodate future changes to audit committee 
communication requirements.
Request for Comment
    22. Should we amend Item 407(d)(3)(i)(B) to refer to the 
``applicable requirements of the PCAOB and the Commission rules'' as 
proposed? Is there a better reference or additional guidance that we 
should provide to facilitate audit committee compliance and investor 
understanding of this requirement?
b. Compensation Committee Report (Item 407(e)(5))
    Item 407(e)(5) requires a registrant's compensation committee to 
state whether it has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion 
and Analysis (``CD&A'') required by Item 402(b).\108\ Based on this 
review and discussion, Item 407(e)(5) requires that the compensation 
committee state whether it recommended to the board of directors that 
the CD&A be included in the registrant's annual report, proxy statement 
or information statement. As recommended by the staff, we are proposing 
to amend Item 407 to explicitly exclude EGCs from the Item 407(e)(5) 
requirement, because they are not subject to a requirement to include a 
CD&A in their public disclosures.\109\ Specifically, we are proposing 
to add a reference to EGCs in Item 407(g) instead of amending Item 
407(e)(5). Item 407(g) currently excludes SRCs from Item 407(e)(5), 
among other provisions of Item 407.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \108\ 17 CFR 229.402(b).
    \109\ See Item 402(l) of Regulation S-K.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    23. Instead of amending Item 407(g) as proposed, should we amend 
Item 407(e)(5)?

D. Registration Statement and Prospectus Provisions

1. Outside Front Cover Page of the Prospectus (Item 501(b))
    Item 501 \110\ includes disclosure requirements related to the 
forepart of the registration statement and the outside front cover page 
of the prospectus. In the FAST Act Report, the staff made several 
recommendations to streamline the requirements and to provide 
registrants with greater flexibility in designing a cover page tailored 
to their business and the particular offering.\111\ The proposed 
amendments discussed below would implement these recommendations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \110\ 17 CFR 229.501.
    \111\ FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendations E.1-5.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

a. Name (Item 501(b)(1))
    Item 501(b)(1) requires disclosure of a registrant's name, 
including an English translation of the name of foreign registrants. 
The instruction to Item 501(b)(1) states that if a registrant's name is 
the same as that of a ``well known'' company, or if the name leads to a 
misleading inference about the registrant's line of business, the 
registrant must include information to eliminate any possible confusion 
with the other company. If disclosure is insufficient to eliminate the 
confusion, the registrant may be required to change its name. An 
exception, however, is available when the registrant is an 
``established company,'' the character of the registrant's business has 
changed, and the ``investing public is generally aware of the change 
and the character of [the registrant's] current business.''
    The policy reflected in Item 501(b)(1) with regards to misleading 
company names was first articulated in 1969 in response to an increase 
in the number of registrants using names that the staff considered to 
be misleading.\112\ Although we continue to believe that a registrant's 
name could mislead investors, the staff's experience administering this 
provision suggests that these situations can typically be addressed 
with clarifying disclosure. The Commission and the staff may be able to 
address situations in which the registrant's name is either confusingly 
similar or misleading in connection with any public interest finding 
necessary to declare the filing effective.\113\ Accordingly, we are 
proposing to streamline the instruction to Item 501(b)(1) by 
eliminating the portion that discusses when a name change may be 
required and the exception to that requirement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \112\ At the time, the Commission noted that registrants were 
using words such as ``nuclear,'' ``missile,'' ``space,'' 
``nucleonics,'' and ``electronics'' in their names when they were 
not engaged in activity normally associated with those words, or 
were engaged to a limited extent. See Guide for Preparation and 
Filing of Registration Statements; Misleading Names of Registrants, 
Release No. 33-4959 (Apr. 16, 1969) [34 FR 6575 (Apr. 17, 1969)]. 
This policy was contained in Guide 53 of the Commission's Guides for 
Preparation and Filing of Registration Statements before being moved 
into Item 501 in 1982. See Integrated Disclosure System Adopting 
Release, supra note 69; Rescission of Guides and Redesignation of 
Industry Guides, Release No. 33-6384 (Mar. 3, 1982) [47 FR 11476 
(Mar. 16, 1982)].
    \113\ 15 U.S.C. 77h.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    24. Should we eliminate the language about a registrant's being 
required to change its name in the instruction to Item 501(b)(1) as 
proposed, or should we retain the current version of the instruction? 
Are there situations where disclosure would not be sufficient to 
eliminate misleading inferences about the company or its line of 
business?
b. Offering Price of the Securities (Item 501(b)(3))
    Item 501(b)(3) requires disclosure of the price of the securities 
being offered, the underwriter's discounts and commissions, and the net 
proceeds that the registrant and any selling security holders will 
receive.\114\ The disclosure must be provided on an aggregate and per 
share basis, but registrants may present the required information in 
any format that fits the design of the cover page and is clear, easily 
read, and not misleading.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \114\ 17 CFR 229.501(b)(3). Item 501(b)(3) also includes 
specific disclosure requirements for offerings being made on a 
minimum/maximum basis.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Although in many cases the disclosure required by Item 501(b)(3) 
will be straightforward, Instruction 2 states that ``[i]f it is 
impracticable to state the price to the public, explain the method by 
which the price is to be determined.'' \115\ In the FAST Act Report, 
the staff recommended providing registrants with greater flexibility in 
explaining the method by which the price is to be determined when it is 
impracticable to state the price on the cover page.\116\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \115\ The instruction also provides that if the securities are 
to be offered at the market price, or if the offering price is to be 
determined by a formula relating to the market price, indicate the 
market and market price of the securities as of the latest 
practicable date. We are not proposing any change to this portion of 
the instruction.
    \116\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are proposing to amend Instruction 2 to explicitly allow 
registrants to include a clear statement that the offering price will 
be determined by a particular method or formula that is more fully 
explained in the prospectus. Under the proposed instruction, 
registrants would be required to accompany that statement with a cross-
reference to the offering price method or formula disclosure, including 
a page number that is

[[Page 50998]]

highlighted by prominent type or in another manner.\117\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \117\ This cross-reference would be similar to the cross-
reference that is required for risk factor disclosure pursuant to 
Item 501(b)(5) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.501(b)(5)]. In the FAST 
Act Report, the staff recommended the Commission consider amending 
Instruction 2 to Item 501(b)(3) to require the cross-reference to 
the offering price method or formula to be accompanied by a 
hyperlink. Because the cross-reference to risk factors required 
under Item 501(b)(5) does not currently require a hyperlink, we are 
not proposing to require a hyperlink for the disclosure called for 
by Item 501(b)(3).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    25. As proposed, Item 501(b)(3) would allow registrants to choose 
to include a cross-reference to the explanation of the method in which 
the offering price will be determined when it is impracticable to state 
the price method or formula to the public on the cover page. Should we 
instead retain the requirement to present the explanation on the 
prospectus cover page? Why or why not?
    26. Should we amend Instruction 2 to Item 501(b)(3) to require the 
cross-reference to be accompanied by a hyperlink? Item 501(b)(5) 
currently requires on the prospectus cover page a cross-reference to 
the risk factors section. Should we similarly amend Item 501(b)(5) to 
also require a hyperlink?
c. Market for the Securities (Item 501(b)(4))
    Item 501(b)(4) requires a registrant to name the national 
securities exchanges that list the securities being offered and to 
disclose the trading symbols for those securities. A ``national 
securities exchange'' is a securities exchange that has registered with 
the Commission under Section 6 of the Exchange Act.\118\ Under Item 
501(b)(4), registrants are not required to name markets that are not a 
``national securities exchange.''
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \118\ See Section 6 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 [15 
U.S.C. 78f].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the staff's recommendation in the FAST Act 
Report,\119\ we believe that information about markets that are not a 
``national securities exchange'' could be important to investors and 
should be disclosed on the prospectus cover page. Accordingly, we are 
proposing to amend Item 501(b)(4) to require disclosure of the 
principal United States market or markets for the securities being 
offered and the corresponding trading symbols.\120\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \119\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.3.
    \120\ Our proposed changes to Item 501(b)(4) align with our 
proposals to amend Item 201(a) [17 CFR 229.201(a)] in the Disclosure 
Update and Simplification Proposing Release. See Disclosure Update 
and Simplification Proposing Release supra note 13, at 51688.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Also consistent with the staff's recommendation,\121\ we are 
limiting disclosure of markets that are not national securities 
exchanges to those principal United States markets where the 
registrant, through the engagement of a registered broker-dealer, has 
actively sought and achieved quotation. We agree with the staff that a 
registrant cannot always control whether its securities are quoted on 
an over-the-counter market and should not be burdened with making that 
determination.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \121\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.3.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    27. Should we expand the disclosure required by Item 501(b)(4) to 
include markets other than national securities exchanges as proposed? 
Would expanding the disclosure requirement make it difficult for 
registrants to determine which United States markets to disclose?
    28. Should we limit the disclosure requirement to those principal 
United States markets where the registrant has actively sought and 
achieved quotation through the engagement of a registered broker-dealer 
as proposed? Should there be any other limitations on the markets the 
registrant would be required to disclose?
    29. Should a domestic or foreign registrant be required to identify 
principal foreign markets where the registrant, through the engagement 
of a registered broker-dealer, has actively sought and achieved 
quotation for the class of security being offered?
    30. If a registrant discloses another trading market elsewhere in 
its registration statement, should Item 501(b)(4) require disclosure of 
that market on the cover page, even if it is not a national securities 
exchange and even if the registrant did not actively seek quotation 
through the engagement of a registered broker-dealer? For example, Item 
201(a) of Regulation S-K \122\ requires disclosure of the principal 
United States market or markets in which each class of the registrant's 
common equity is traded.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \122\ Item 201(a) of Regulation S-K.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    31. Should we provide additional guidance on when a market other 
than a national securities exchange must be disclosed or when a 
registrant would be considered to have actively sought quotation 
through the engagement of a registered broker-dealer?
d. Prospectus ``Subject to Completion'' Legend (Item 501(b)(10))
    Item 501(b)(10) requires a registrant that is using a preliminary 
prospectus to include a legend advising readers that the information 
will be amended or completed. The legend also must include a statement 
that the prospectus is not an offer to sell or a solicitation of an 
offer to buy securities in any state where the offer or sale is not 
permitted. The latter statement was introduced in 1958 to harmonize the 
legend with what was required by state securities administrators at the 
time.\123\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \123\ See Amendment of Rules 134 and 433, Release No. 33-3885 
(Jan. 7, 1958) [23 FR 184 (Jan. 10, 1958)]. This requirement was 
originally in Rule 433, a predecessor to the current requirement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The legend requirement has remained mostly unchanged since 1958, 
even after the National Securities Markets Improvement Act (``NSMIA'') 
allowed for preemption of state blue sky laws in many offerings.\124\ 
Consistent with the staff's recommendations in the FAST Act 
Report,\125\ we are proposing to amend Item 501(b)(10) to permit 
registrants to exclude from the prospectus the portion of the legend 
relating to state law for offerings that are not prohibited by state 
blue sky law. This change would allow for a more tailored prospectus 
cover page in recognition of the changes to securities law brought by 
NSMIA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \124\ Public Law No. 104-290, 110 Stat. 3416 (1996).
    \125\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Also consistent with the staff's recommendations,\126\ we are 
proposing to streamline Item 501(b) by combining paragraphs (b)(10) and 
(11) without substantive change. Thus, our proposed amendments to 
paragraph (b)(10) would also require the ``subject to completion'' 
legend to be included if a registrant relies on Rule 430A \127\ to omit 
pricing information and the prospectus is used after the effectiveness 
of the registration statement but before the public offering price is 
determined. Correspondingly, we are proposing to delete paragraph 
(b)(11).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \126\ See id., at Recommendation E.5.
    \127\ 17 CFR 230.430A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    32. Should we allow registrants the discretion to exclude the 
portion of the legend required by Item 501(b)(10) that relates to state 
law prohibitions on offers or sales when it would not apply, as 
proposed?
2. Risk Factors (Item 503(c))
    Item 503(c) requires disclosure of the most significant factors 
that make the

[[Page 50999]]

offering speculative or risky.\128\ The item specifies that the 
discussion should be concise and organized logically. Although the 
requirement is principles-based, it includes the following specific 
examples as factors that may make an offering speculative or risky:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \128\ 17 CFR 229.503(c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     A registrant's lack of an operating history,
     a registrant's lack of profitable operations in recent 
periods,
     a registrant's financial position,
     a registrant's business or proposed business, or
     the lack of a market for a registrant's common equity 
securities or securities convertible into or exercisable for common 
equity securities.\129\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \129\ These factors were derived from previous stop order 
proceedings under Section 8(d) of the Securities Act where the 
Commission suspended the effectiveness of previously filed 
registration statements due, in part, to inadequate disclosure about 
speculative aspects of the registrant's business. See Guides for 
Preparation and Filing of Registration Statements, Release No. 33-
4936 (Dec. 9, 1968) [33 FR 18617 (Dec. 17, 1968)] (citing In the 
Matter of Doman Helicopters, Inc., 41 S.E.C. 431 (Mar. 27, 1963); In 
the Matter of Universal Camera Corp., 19 S.E.C. 648 (June 28, 
1945)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The item directs registrants to explain how each risk affects the 
issuer or the securities being offered. Additionally, the item 
discourages disclosure of risks that could apply to any issuer or 
offering.
    Risk factor disclosure was initially called for only in the 
offering context.\130\ Accordingly, when Item 503(c) was adopted in 
1982 as part of the integrated disclosure system, it was included with 
other offering-related disclosure requirements in Subpart 500 of 
Regulation S[dash]K.\131\ In 2005, risk factor disclosure requirements 
were extended to periodic reports and registration statements on Form 
10.\132\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \130\ See Guides for Preparation and Filing of Registration 
Statements, Release No. 33-4666 (Feb. 7, 1964) [29 FR 2490 (Feb. 15, 
1964)] and Guides for Preparation and Filing of Registration 
Statements, Release No. 33-4936 (Dec. 9, 1968) [33 FR 18617 (Dec. 
17, 1968)].
    \131\ See Integrated Disclosure System Adopting Release, supra 
note 69.
    \132\ See Securities Offering Reform, Release No. 33-8591 (July 
19, 2005) [70 FR 44722 (Aug. 3, 2005)] (``Securities Offering Reform 
Adopting Release'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As recommended by the staff in the FAST Act Report, we are 
proposing to relocate Item 503(c) from Subpart 500 to Subpart 100 to 
reflect the application of risk factor disclosure requirements to 
registration statements on Form 10 \133\ and periodic reports.\134\ 
Subpart 100 covers a broad category of business information and is not 
limited to offering-related disclosure. Accordingly, our proposed 
amendments would move Item 503(c)'s requirement for risk factor 
disclosure to new Item 105.\135\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \133\ 17 CFR 249.210.
    \134\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.6. 
Additionally, the proposed amendments would use the term 
``registrant'' instead of ``issuer.'' Use of and reference to 
``registrant'' instead of ``issuer'' is intended to better reflect 
the application of risk factor disclosure outside of the offering 
context. The term ``registrant'' is defined under both the Exchange 
Act and Securities Act. See Rule 12b-2 [17 CFR 240.12b-2] and Rule 
405 [17 CFR 230.405].
    \135\ See proposed Item 105. Consistent with this change, we are 
also proposing amendments to several Commission forms that require 
risk factor disclosure and reference Item 503(c). These proposed 
amendments would revise references to Item 503 to specify new Item 
105. A number of forms that require risk factor disclosure do not 
reference Item 503(c). Our proposed amendments do not include 
revisions to these forms. For example, Forms 10-Q and 20-F require 
risk factor disclosure but do not reference Item 503(c).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Additionally, our proposed amendments would eliminate the risk 
factor examples that are currently enumerated in Item 503(c). Although 
not addressed in the FAST Act Report, we solicited comment in the 
Concept Release on whether we should retain or eliminate the examples 
and whether we should revise our requirements to include additional or 
different examples.
    A number of commenters recommended retaining and revising the 
examples in Item 503(c).\136\ Several of these commenters supported a 
revision to specify examples of risk factors that are generic and 
therefore should not be disclosed.\137\ For example, one of these 
commenters recommended that the Commission prohibit disclosure of 
generalized risks that affect all registrants or all registrants in a 
particular industry, the risk of stock volatility, organizational 
structure risks, and summaries of applicable regulation.\138\ Two 
commenters recommended revising the examples to include risk factors 
applicable to well-established Exchange Act registrants,\139\ while 
another two supported expanding the list of examples.\140\ One of the 
commenters that recommended expanding the list of examples pointed to 
guidelines produced by the investor community as a source of additional 
examples.\141\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \136\ See, e.g., Letters from Center for Audit Quality (July 21, 
2016) (``CAQ''); California Public Employees' Retirement System 
(July 21, 2016) (``CalPERS''); PricewaterhouseCoopers LLP (July 21, 
2016) (``PWC''); Edison Electric Institute and American Gas 
Association (July 21, 2016) (``Edison Electric and AGA''); 
Investment Program Association; Davis Polk 1; National Investor 
Relations Institute (Aug. 4, 2016) (``NIRI''); Shearman & Sterling 
(Aug. 31, 2016) (``Shearman 2''); NYSSCPA.
    \137\ See, e.g., Letters from Edison Electric and AGA; 
Investment Program Association; Davis Polk 1; NIRI; and Shearman 2.
    \138\ See Letter from Investment Program Association.
    \139\ See Letters from CAQ and PWC.
    \140\ See Letters from CalPERS and NYSSCPA.
    \141\ See Letter from CalPERS (referring to several sets of 
guidelines such as the Principles for Responsible Investment and 
those issued by the International Corporate Governance Network, 
among others).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A few commenters recommended eliminating the examples in Item 
503(c).\142\ One of these commenters supported eliminating the examples 
so as to emphasize the principles-based nature of the disclosure 
requirement and to focus registrants on their own risk identification 
process.\143\ Another of these commenters expressed a view that the 
examples were outdated and only helpful when the requirement to 
disclose risk factors was first introduced.\144\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \142\ See Letters from Chris Barnard (June 23, 2016) 
(``Barnard''); Fenwick; and SIFMA (stating that the five examples 
are not ``cutting edge'' and ``could be eliminated,'' but that most 
registrants recognize that Item 503(c) is focused on principles-
based disclosure of the most significant factors that make the 
offering speculative or risky).
    \143\ See Letter from Barnard.
    \144\ See Letter from Fenwick.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As part of our mandate under the FAST Act to modernize and simplify 
our disclosure requirements while still providing all material 
information, we are proposing to eliminate these examples. These 
examples may not apply to all registrants and may not correspond to the 
material risks of any particular registrant. In addition, the inclusion 
of these examples could suggest that a registrant must address each one 
in its risk factor disclosures, regardless of the significance to its 
business. Finally, several commenters suggested expanding the list of 
examples or revising them to specify examples of generic risks that 
should not be disclosed. We are concerned that inclusion of examples 
could anchor or skew the registrant's risk analysis in the direction of 
the examples.\145\ We believe that eliminating the examples would 
encourage registrants to focus on their own risk identification 
processes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \145\ See infra note 349 and accompanying text.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    33. Should we move the requirement to provide risk factor 
disclosure in Item 503(c) to a new Item 105 as proposed? Why or why 
not?
    34. Should we relocate Item 503(c)'s requirements to another 
subsection of Regulation S-K? If so, which subsection and why?
    35. Should we eliminate the risk factor examples as proposed, or do 
they provide useful guidance to registrants? Instead of eliminating the 
examples, should we provide different or

[[Page 51000]]

additional examples that would be more helpful to registrants? If so, 
what examples would be most helpful?
3. Plan of Distribution (Item 508)
    Item 508 requires disclosure about the plan of distribution for 
securities in an offering, including information about 
underwriters.\146\ Paragraph (a) requires disclosure about the 
principal underwriters and underwriters that have a material 
relationship with the registrant, while paragraph (h) requires 
disclosure of the discounts and commissions to be allowed or paid to 
dealers. If a dealer is paid any additional discounts or commissions 
for acting as a ``sub-underwriter,'' paragraph (h) allows the 
registrant to include a general statement to that effect without giving 
the additional amounts to be sold.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \146\ 17 CFR 229.508.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``Sub-underwriter'' is not a defined term, and its application may 
be unclear. ``Principal underwriter,'' however, is defined in 
Regulation C as ``an underwriter in privity of contract with the issuer 
of the securities as to which he is an underwriter.'' \147\ Consistent 
with the staff's recommendation in the FAST Act Report,\148\ and in 
light of the definition of ``principal underwriter'' and the disclosure 
required by Item 508(a), we are proposing to amend Rule 405 \149\ to 
define the term ``sub-underwriter'' as a dealer that is participating 
as an underwriter in an offering by committing to purchase securities 
from a principal underwriter for the securities but is not itself in 
privity of contract with the issuer of the securities.\150\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \147\ 17 CFR 230.405.
    \148\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.7.
    \149\ 17 CFR 230.405.
    \150\ The only other use of the term ``sub-underwriter'' or 
``subunderwriter'' in Regulation S-K, the Securities Act rules, or 
the Exchange Act rules is in Rule 491 [17 CFR 230.491]. We are 
proposing to amend Rule 491 to reference ``sub-underwriter,'' 
consistent with our proposed amendments here. The proposed 
definition of sub-underwriter would not change the meaning of that 
term in Rule 491 and appears to be consistent with its use in that 
context.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    36. Should we amend Rule 405 to define ``sub-underwriter'' as 
proposed? Should we define the term differently? For example, is the 
concept of ``privity of contract'' sufficiently clear?
4. Undertakings (Item 512)
    Item 512 \151\ provides undertakings that a registrant must include 
in Part II of its registration statement, depending on the type of 
offering. In the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that the 
Commission consider eliminating undertakings that are duplicative of 
other rules or that have become unnecessary due to developments since 
their adoption. We are proposing the following amendments to implement 
the staff's recommendations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \151\ 17 CFR 229.512.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Item 512(c) sets forth undertakings that a registrant must include 
if it registers a warrant or rights offering to existing security 
holders and the securities not purchased by those security holders will 
be reoffered to the public.\152\ The undertaking requires a registrant, 
after the expiration of the subscription period, to supplement the 
prospectus to disclose the results of the subscription offer and the 
terms of any subsequent reoffer to the public. If any public reoffer is 
made on terms different from the offer to existing security holders, 
then the registrant must undertake to file a post-effective amendment 
to disclose the terms of that offering. We are proposing to eliminate 
this undertaking because it is no longer necessary. A registrant 
conducting the type of offering described in Item 512(c) would already 
have been required to register and disclose the offering to existing 
security holders as well as the reoffering to the public. Furthermore, 
Item 512(a)(1) requires registrants to undertake to file a post-
effective amendment to disclose fundamental changes in the information 
set forth in the registration statement and material information with 
respect to the plan of distribution or changes in the plan of 
distribution.\153\ Thus, disclosure of material changes in the terms of 
the reoffering would also be required as part of the Item 512(a)(1) 
undertaking, thus obviating the need for the Item 512(c) undertaking.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \152\ 17 CFR 229.512(c). The Item 512(c) undertaking was 
included in the Securities Act forms and guides, prior to the 
enactment of the integrated disclosure system in 1982. See, e.g., 
Notice of Proposed Revision of Form S[dash]4, Release No. 33-3667 
(July 31, 1956) [21 FR 6025 (Aug. 11, 1956)] and Notice of Proposed 
Form S-11 for Registration of Securities of Certain Real Estate 
Companies, Release No. 33-4347 (Apr. 10, 1961) [26 FR 3280 (Apr. 18, 
1961)].
    \153\ 17 CFR 229.512(a)(1).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the recommendations made in the FAST Act Report, we 
are also proposing to eliminate the Item 512(d), Item 512(e), and Item 
512(f) undertakings, because they are obsolete.\154\ Item 512(d) 
requires a registrant to include undertakings if the securities it 
registers are to be offered at competitive bidding.\155\ The 
undertaking requires a registrant to use its best efforts to distribute 
a Section 10(a) prospectus to prospective bidders, underwriters, and 
dealers and to file a post-effective amendment reflecting the results 
of the bidding and any related terms. This undertaking arises from 
former Rule 50 under the Public Utility Holding Company Act of 1935 
(``PUHCA''), which formerly required public utility company securities 
to be sold through competitive bids.\156\ We propose eliminating this 
undertaking because the Commission rescinded Rule 50 in 1994,\157\ and 
because Congress repealed PUHCA in 2005.\158\ Furthermore, this 
undertaking was put into place prior to the adoption of Rule 430A, 
which permits the omission of pricing and underwriter related terms 
from the effective registration statement if the issuer includes that 
information in a prospectus or post-effective amendment after the 
effective date.\159\ To the extent that competitive bidding is still 
used, registrants may file prospectuses that contain the pricing and 
underwriter disclosure pursuant to Rule 430A and those documents will 
be subject to the liability imposed by that rule.\160\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \154\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation E.9.
    \155\ 17 CFR 229.512(d).
    \156\ See Notice of Proposal to Adopt Rule 415 Relating to 
Competitive Bidding Registration Statements, to Amend Rules 424, 
455, 471 and 472 and to Rescind Rule 460, Release No. 33-3491-Z 
(Nov. 10, 1953) [18 FR 7300 (Nov. 18, 1953)]; Adoption of Rule 415 
Relating to Competitive Bidding Registration Statements, Amendment 
of Rules 424, 427, 455, 471 and 472 and Rescission of Rule 460, 
Release No. 33-3494 (Jan. 13, 1954) [19 FR 399 (Jan. 22, 1954)]; and 
Phase One Recommendations of Task Force on Disclosure 
Simplification, Release No. 33-7300 (May 31, 1996) [61 FR 30397 
(June 14, 1996)] (``1996 Disclosure Simplification 
Recommendations'').
    \157\ See 1996 Disclosure Simplification Recommendations (citing 
Public Utility Holding Company Act Rules, Release No. 35-26031 (Apr. 
20, 1994) [59 FR 21922 (Apr. 28, 1994)]).
    \158\ See Energy Policy Act of 2005, Public Law No. 109-58, 119 
Stat. 594 (2005).
    \159\ 17 CFR 230.430A.
    \160\ We understand that registration statements filed in 
connection with securities to be offered through competitive bidding 
are rarely used. See Louis Loss, Joel Seligman, & Troy Paredes, 
Securities Regulation (5th ed. 2016) (``Loss et al.'') Sec.  2.A.4. 
Competitive Bidding. According to Loss et al., competitive bidding 
is now used by ``municipalities and public instrumentalities.'' Rule 
430A provides that information omitted in reliance on that rule is 
deemed part of the registration statement as of the time it was 
declared effective, thus subjecting those disclosures to liability 
under Section 11 of the Securities Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Item 512(e) provides that, if a registrant's prospectus directly 
incorporates by reference the registrant's annual report to security 
holders meeting the requirements of Rule 14a-4 \161\ or Rule 14c-
3,\162\ the registrant must undertake to deliver the latest

[[Page 51001]]

annual report with the prospectus.\163\ If interim information is 
required but is not included in the prospectus, the registrant must 
undertake to deliver the latest quarterly report that is incorporated 
by reference in the prospectus. The purpose of this undertaking is to 
ensure that the registrant delivers incorporated annual and quarterly 
reports with the prospectus, as required by former Form S[dash]2.\164\ 
The disclosure and delivery requirements of former Form S-2 were 
intended to minimize duplicative reporting while still requiring 
delivery of incorporated information.\165\ The Commission rescinded 
Form S-2 as part of Securities Offering Reform, since its underlying 
purpose was outdated because of EDGAR, other technological 
developments, and the rapid dissemination of information in the 
market.\166\ Similarly, we are now proposing to eliminate the related 
undertaking, since any material information in a registrant's annual or 
quarterly reports to security holders should be publicly available.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \161\ 17 CFR 240.14a-4.
    \162\ 17 CFR 240.14c-3.
    \163\ 17 CFR 229.512(e).
    \164\ See Proposed Comprehensive Revision to System for 
Registration of Securities Offerings, Release No. 33-6235 (Sept. 2, 
1980) [45 FR 63693 (Sept. 25, 1980)].
    \165\ See Securities Offering Reform Adopting Release, supra 
note 132.
    \166\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Finally, the undertaking in Item 512(f) applies to registrants that 
prior to the offering had no obligation to file reports with the 
Commission pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act.\167\ 
If such a registrant conducts an underwritten equity offering, it must 
undertake to provide the securities certificates required by the 
underwriter at closing to permit prompt delivery to each purchaser. The 
purpose of this undertaking is to ensure that the registrant delivers 
sufficient certificates to the underwriter at closing to permit 
aftermarket trading in new issues.\168\ We are proposing to eliminate 
this undertaking because the need to deliver certificates to 
underwriters has decreased dramatically since this undertaking was 
adopted in the early 1970s. Today, equity securities trades in the 
United States are typically cleared and settled using the depository 
and book-entry services of the Depository Trust and Clearing 
Corporation's clearing agency subsidiaries.\169\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \167\ 17 CFR 229.512(f).
    \168\ See Hot Issues, Release No. 33-5274 (July 26, 1972) [37 FR 
16005 (Aug. 9, 1972)] (``Hot Issues Release''); Notice of Adoption 
of Amendments to Registration Forms S-1 and S-2 under the Securities 
Act of 1933 and to Forms 10, 10-K and 10-Q and Rules 13a-13 and 15d-
13 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Release No. 33-5395 
(June 1, 1973) [38 FR 17202 (June 29, 1973)]. In 1972, the 
Commission conducted public hearings on the matter of hot issues 
securities markets, which revealed that ``one of the imperfections 
affecting aftermarket trading in new issues is the occasional 
failure of issuers to furnish securities in such denominations and 
registered in such manner as to permit adequate and prompt delivery 
to each purchaser. Accordingly, one of the proposals is that non-
reporting registrants formally undertake in registration statements 
filed on Forms S-1 and S-2 that they will deliver the certificates 
to the underwriter at the closing for prompt delivery to 
customers.'' See Hot Issues Release, supra at 16007.
    \169\ See Loss et al. Sec.  7.E.2. Current Law (``Virtually all 
equities securities trades in the United States are cleared and 
settled through the National Securities Clearing Corporation (NSCC) 
and the Depository Trust Company (DTC), clearing agency subsidiaries 
of the Depository Trust and Clearing Corporation (DTCC).''); 
Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation, FAQs: How Issuers Work With 
DTC available at http://www.dtcc.com/matching-settlement-and-asset-services/issuer-services/how-issuers-work-with-dtc (last visited 
Feb. 22, 2017) (``DTC provides (i) settlement services for virtually 
all equity, corporate and municipal debt trades and Money Market 
Instruments in the U.S.'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    37. Should we retain or modify any of the undertakings that we have 
proposed eliminating? If so, please explain why.
    38. In what instances are physical securities certificates still 
delivered today? Should we retain the undertaking for those situations?
    39. Are there other undertakings that we have not addressed in this 
release that are duplicative, no longer necessary or that should be 
eliminated for other reasons?
    40. Are there undertakings we should consider requiring to 
modernize and address developments for novel securities offerings?

E. Exhibits

1. Description of Registrant's Securities (Item 601(b)(4))
    Item 202 requires registrants to provide a brief description of 
their registered capital stock, debt securities, warrants, rights, 
American Depositary Receipts, and other securities.\170\ Registrants 
provide Item 202 disclosure about registered securities in their 
registration statements \171\ but are not required to provide this 
disclosure in their Form 10-K or Form 10-Q.\172\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \170\ Items 202(a)-(d) and (f) [17 CFR 229.202(a)-(d) and (f)]. 
Item 202(e), ``Market information for securities other than common 
equity,'' is outside the scope of this release; it requires that if 
securities other than common stock are to be registered and there is 
an established trading market for such securities, registrants are 
required to provide market information for such securities 
comparable to that required by Item 201(a) of Regulation S-K.
    \171\ Item 202 disclosure is often incorporated by reference 
into a registration statement on Form 8-A from a prior registration 
statement on Form S-1. See Concept Release, supra note 6, at Section 
IV.D.2. Registrants are not currently required to include Item 202 
disclosure as an exhibit to any filings with the Commission.
    \172\ 17 CFR 249.308a.
    Registrants are required to file complete copies of their 
articles and bylaws as exhibits to Form 10-K, but they are not 
required to provide the descriptions called for by Item 202. See 
Item 601(b)(3) [17 CFR 229.601(b)(3)]. Also, under Accounting 
Standards Codification (``ASC'') Topic 505-10-50-3, registrants are 
required to summarize the ``pertinent rights and privileges of the 
various securities outstanding'' in the notes to their financial 
statements. ASC Topic 470-10-50-5 requires the same information for 
debt securities. While the date of sale is not required, registrants 
usually include it in their discussions of the rights and privileges 
of securities sold.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the staff's recommendation in the FAST Act 
Report,\173\ we are proposing to amend Item 601(b)(4) \174\ to require 
registrants to provide the information required by Item 202(a)-(d) and 
(f) as an exhibit to Form 10-K, rather than limiting this disclosure to 
registration statements.\175\ Proposed Item 601(b)(4)(vi) would require 
Item 202 disclosure only for securities that are registered under 
Section 12 of the Exchange Act.\176\ Because Item 202(e) requires Item 
201(a) market information for securities other than common equity where 
there is an established trading market for those securities, proposed 
Item 601(b)(4)(vi) does not include Item 202(e). The proposed 
requirement is intended to increase investors' ease of access to 
information about the rights and obligations of each class of 
securities registered.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \173\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation F.1.
    \174\ 17 CFR 229.601(b)(4).
    \175\ To the extent that a registrant has previously filed an 
exhibit containing Item 202 disclosure, it could incorporate that 
exhibit by reference and hyperlink to the previously-filed exhibit 
in future Form 10-K filings, assuming that the information contained 
therein remains unchanged. See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release 
supra note 15.
    \176\ The proposed amendment includes an instruction requiring 
disclosure for those classes of a registrant's securities that have 
not been retired by the end of the period covered by the report. We 
are also proposing to amend Item 202 to specify that Section 
305(a)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, 15 U.S.C. 77aa et 
seq., as amended, would not affect a registrant's disclosure 
obligations under proposed Item 601(b)(4)(vi).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendments would not change existing disclosure 
obligations under Form 8-K and Schedule 14A, which currently require 
registrants to disclose certain modifications to the rights of their 
security holders and amendments to their articles of incorporation or 
bylaws.\177\ As

[[Page 51002]]

proposed, any modifications and amendments during a fiscal year would 
now also be reflected in the Item 202 disclosure provided in an exhibit 
to the registrant's next annual report.\178\ The proposed amendments 
would be in addition to the current requirement to file a complete copy 
of the amended articles of incorporation or bylaws under Item 
601(b)(3).\179\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \177\ Item 3.03 of Form 8-K requires disclosure of material 
modifications to rights of security holders while Item 5.03 requires 
disclosure of amendments to the articles of incorporation or bylaws 
for amendments not disclosed in a proxy or information statement. 
Item 5.03 of Form 8-K also requires disclosure of changes in fiscal 
year other than by means of a submission to a vote of security 
holders through the solicitation of proxies (or otherwise) or an 
amendment to the articles of incorporation or bylaws [17 CFR 
249.308].
    Item 12 of Schedule 14A requires disclosure if action is to be 
taken regarding the modification of any class of securities of the 
registrant, or the issuance or authorization for issuance of 
securities of the registrant in exchange for outstanding securities. 
Section (b) of Item 12 requires disclosure of any material 
differences between the outstanding securities and the modified or 
new securities in respect of any of the matters concerning which 
information would be required in the description of the securities 
in Item 202 of Regulation S-K. Item 19 of Schedule 14A requires 
disclosure of amendments to the registrant's charter, bylaws, or 
other documents.
    \178\ Over the course of a given fiscal year, it is possible 
that a registrant may make various non-material changes to the 
rights and privileges of its securities that do not require separate 
disclosure on Form 8-K. However, if any changes are made, whether 
material or non-material, the proposed amendments would require a 
registrant to update the description of securities in the exhibit 
filed with its Form 10-K.
    \179\ See Item 601(b)(3) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 
229.601(b)(3)]. The proposal would amend Item 601(b)(4) instead of 
Item 601(b)(3) because (b)(4) is consistent with Item 202's 
requirement to provide a description of capital stock that is 
registered while (b)(3) is specific to the articles of incorporation 
and bylaws.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We recognize that some commenters opposed requiring Item 202 
disclosure in periodic reports, stating that this information can 
easily be found in registration statements,\180\ while other commenters 
noted that the information overlaps with disclosure required under U.S. 
GAAP.\181\ Requiring Item 202 disclosure as an exhibit to annual 
reports could improve the ability of investors to gain access to 
information about their rights as security holders. The proposed Item 
601(b)(4)(vi) would allow investors to easily locate an updated 
description of their rights as security holders in the most recent 
annual report rather than require investors to search through prior 
filings to find this disclosure. Where a registrant has previously 
filed the Item 202 information as an exhibit, and so long as there has 
not been any change to the information called for by Item 202, the 
registrant may incorporate the information by reference and provide a 
hyperlink to the previously filed exhibit. Therefore, we believe that 
any additional compliance cost associated with the proposed amendment 
should not be unduly burdensome.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \180\ See, e.g., Letters from Fenwick; CGCIV; Chamber 2; and 
FedEx. See also Davis Polk 1.
    \181\ See Letters from CAQ and KPMG LLP (July 21, 2016) 
(``KPMG''). Both commenters referenced Item 202 in the context of 
broader recommendations to the Commission to work with the FASB and 
the PCAOB to eliminate redundancies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    41. Should the proposed amendments include a requirement to file 
Item 202 disclosure for each class of securities registered under 
Section 12 of the Exchange Act as an exhibit to the annual report? Why 
or why not? Should registrants also be required to include descriptions 
of securities that are not registered under Section 12 of the Exchange 
Act? For example, should issuers reporting only under Section 15(d) of 
the Exchange Act (e.g., asset-backed issuers) be required to file Item 
202 disclosure as a Form 10-K exhibit?
    42. Do the requirements for Item 202, and our proposal to require 
that the Item 202 information be provided as an exhibit to the annual 
report, provide sufficient disclosure about debt securities or other 
classes of stock with different or preferential voting rights?
    43. Would the new requirements result in significantly higher 
compliance costs? Would the new requirements provide benefits to 
investors and facilitate informed investment decisions? Would the 
proposed amendments require disclosure that is adequately provided 
elsewhere in the annual report or on EDGAR? \182\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \182\ See supra notes 172 and 181 and accompanying text.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    44. Would compliance with the proposed amendment be problematic for 
issuers with multiples classes of registered securities (e.g., well-
known seasoned issuers or asset-backed issuers)? If so, how should we 
revise the proposed amendments to avoid unnecessary burdens that may be 
imposed on these issuers?
2. Information Omitted From Exhibits (Item 601)
    Item 601 of Regulation S-K generally requires registrants to file 
complete copies of exhibits.\183\ Securities Act Rule 406 \184\ and 
Exchange Act Rule 24b-2 \185\ permit registrants to request 
confidential treatment of information included in an exhibit to a 
filing or any other document required to be filed under either the 
Securities Act or the Exchange Act. Item 601(b)(2) states that 
registrants shall not file schedules or similar attachments to material 
plans of acquisition, reorganization, arrangement, liquidation, or 
succession unless they contain information material to an investment 
decision and unless that information is not otherwise disclosed in the 
agreement or the disclosure document.\186\ The Commission staff 
generally has not objected where a registrant omits personally 
identifiable information from exhibits without submitting a 
confidential treatment request.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \183\ Item 601 of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 229.601].
    \184\ 17 CFR 230.406.
    \185\ 17 CFR 240.24b-2.
    \186\ 17 CFR 229.601(b)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    To modernize and simplify the disclosure requirements under Item 
601, we are proposing to add new paragraphs (a)(5) and (a)(6) to expand 
the existing accommodation in Item 601(b)(2) to include all exhibits 
filed under Item 601 and permit the omission of personally identifiable 
information. We also propose to add paragraph (b)(10)(iv) to Item 601 
to reduce significantly the need for registrants to submit applications 
for confidential treatment of information in material contract exhibits 
required by that item.\187\ The proposals to add paragraphs (a)(6) and 
(b)(10)(iv) are broader than the staff's recommendations in the FAST 
Act Report. As explained more fully below, we believe that they are 
consistent with our mandate under the FAST Act to modernize and 
simplify our disclosure requirements while still providing all material 
information.\188\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \187\ Certain domestic forms include their exhibits requirements 
in the form and/or do not separately reference Item 601 of 
Regulation S-K (e.g., Schedule 13E-3 and Schedule 13D). As such, we 
are considering whether the rationale for the proposed amendments to 
Item 601 of Regulation S-K is also applicable to the exhibit 
requirements in these forms. For example, Schedule 13E-3 and 
Schedule 13D require registrants to file as exhibits certain 
material agreements that may be deemed analogous to the exhibits 
required under Item 601 of Regulation S-K. We are requesting further 
comment to assist in our evaluation of this issue.
    \188\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation F.2 
(recommending only that the Commission permit registrants to omit 
attachments and schedules filed with exhibits unless they contain 
information that is material to an investment decision that has not 
been otherwise disclosed).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

a. Schedules and Attachments to Exhibits
    Proposed Item 601(a)(5) would permit registrants to omit entire 
schedules and similar attachments to exhibits unless they contain 
material information and unless that information is not otherwise 
disclosed in the exhibit or the disclosure document. This exception, 
which is similar to the existing accommodation in Item 601(b)(2) for 
plans of acquisition, reorganization, arrangement, liquidation, or 
succession, would be expanded to all exhibits under the proposed 
amendments. Similar to the current provisions in Item 601(b)(2), 
proposed Item 601(a)(5) would require registrants to provide with each 
exhibit a list briefly identifying the contents of any omitted 
schedules and attachments.

[[Page 51003]]

In addition, registrants would be required to provide, on a 
supplemental basis, a copy of any omitted schedules or attachments to 
the Commission staff upon request.\189\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \189\ See proposed Item 601(a)(5) of Regulation S-K. Securities 
Act Rule 418 [17 CFR 230.418] states that the Commission or its 
staff may, where it is deemed appropriate, request supplemental 
information concerning the registrant or a registration statement, 
among other things. Exchange Act Rule 12b-4 [17 CFR 240.12b-4] 
similarly indicates that the Commission or its staff may, where it 
is deemed appropriate, request supplemental information concerning 
the registrant, a registration statement, and a periodic or other 
report filed under the Exchange Act. Unlike the current version of 
Item 601(b)(2), registrants would not be required to include with 
its list identifying the contents of all omitted schedules an 
agreement to furnish a supplemental copy of any omitted schedule to 
the Commission upon request. Instead, proposed Item 601(a)(5) would 
require registrants to provide a copy of any omitted schedule to the 
Commission staff upon request.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Commission requested comment in the Concept Release on whether 
to allow registrants to omit schedules and attachments to all exhibits, 
provided that the omitted schedules and attachments do not include 
material information that is not otherwise included in the exhibit or 
the disclosure document. Commenters uniformly supported expanding the 
exception under Item 601(b)(2).\190\ Some noted that the current 
requirement to file complete exhibits is unnecessarily cumbersome and 
expensive where the schedules do not contain material information.\191\ 
Commenters also stated that these burdens are exacerbated where those 
schedules contain, as is frequently the case, confidential information 
that would require registrants to file confidential treatment 
requests.\192\ A few commenters that supported allowing registrants to 
omit schedules opposed requiring registrants to provide a list of their 
omitted schedules.\193\ Another commenter supported a requirement to 
include a list, but stated that requiring registrants to provide a 
materiality analysis supporting the decision to omit the schedules was 
unnecessary.\194\ We believe that a list of omitted schedules, similar 
to current Item 601(b)(2), would be informative for investors.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \190\ See, e.g., Letters from Committee on Securities Law of the 
Business Law Section of the Maryland State Bar Association 
(``Maryland Bar Securities Committee'') (July 21, 2016); ABA; 
NYSSCPA; FedEx; Fenwick; and Davis Polk 1. See also Letter from 
CGCIV (supporting exemption from filing immaterial attachments to 
material agreements for smaller reporting companies).
    \191\ See, e.g., Letters from Fenwick and Davis Polk 1.
    \192\ See, e.g., Letters from Fenwick; Fenwick and West LLP, 
Cooley LLP and Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, PC (June 19, 2012) 
[S-K Study Letter] (``Silicon Valley''); and Mike Liles (Apr. 10, 
2013) [S-K Study Letter] (endorsing the comments expressed in the 
Silicon Valley Letter).
    \193\ See Letter from Fenwick (stating that it does not believe 
``the burden of completing such a list of omitted schedules is 
offset by any meaningful advantage to investors''); see also letters 
from NYSSCPA and FEI.
    \194\ See Letter from Maryland Bar Securities Committee.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    45. Should the proposed amendments permit registrants to omit 
entire schedules and attachments to exhibits unless the schedules or 
attachments contain material information and unless that information is 
not otherwise disclosed in the exhibit or the disclosure document? 
Similarly, should we amend our investment company rules or forms to 
permit investment companies to omit entire schedules and attachments?
    46. Should Item 601(a)(5) require registrants to provide a list of 
the contents of the omitted schedules and attachments as proposed? 
Would a list of the titles of the schedules and attachments be 
sufficient to identify the contents of the omitted schedules and 
attachments? Should we provide guidance on the registrant's description 
of any omitted schedule or attachment?
    47. As proposed, Item 601(a)(5) would expand the existing Item 
601(b)(2) accommodation to all exhibits. Should we require exhibits 
filed pursuant to certain subsections of Item 601(b) to include all 
schedules and attachments even if they are not material? If so, which 
exhibits and subsections?
b. Personally Identifiable Information
    The Commission generally does not publish or make available 
information that ``would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of 
personal privacy.'' \195\ This information includes personally 
identifiable information (``PII''). Exhibits filed pursuant to Item 601 
may include PII such as bank account numbers, social security numbers, 
home addresses and similar information. The staff generally does not 
object where a registrant omits PII from exhibits without submitting a 
confidential treatment request.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \195\ 17 CFR 200.80(b)(6) (exempting personnel and medical files 
and similar files the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly 
unwarranted invasion of personal privacy).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the Concept Release, the Commission requested comment about 
whether to continue or modify the current accommodation on PII. 
Numerous commenters recommended codifying the current staff practice of 
permitting registrants to omit PII from exhibits without making a 
formal confidential treatment request.\196\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \196\ See, e.g., Letters from NYSSCPA; Chamber 2; FedEx; CGCIV; 
Maryland Bar Securities Committee; General Motors; and Financial 
Executives International.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with our mandate under the FAST Act to modernize and 
simplify our disclosure requirements while still providing all material 
information, Item 601(a)(6), as proposed, would permit registrants to 
omit PII without submitting a confidential treatment request under Rule 
406 or Rule 24b-2. Allowing registrants to omit PII without submitting 
a confidential treatment request is also intended to better safeguard 
PII by limiting its dissemination. Under the proposed amendment, 
registrants also would not be required to provide an analysis to redact 
PII from exhibits.
Request for Comment
    48. Should we codify the current staff practice of permitting 
registrants to omit PII without making a formal confidential treatment 
request as proposed? Similarly, should we amend our investment company 
rules or forms to similarly permit investment companies to omit PII?
c. Redaction of Confidential Information in Material Contract Exhibits
    The proposed revisions to Item 601(b)(10) would permit registrants 
to omit confidential information from material contracts filed pursuant 
to that item where such information is both (i) not material and (ii) 
competitively harmful if publicly disclosed, even where the registrant 
has not submitted a confidential treatment request to the Commission. 
Instead, registrants would be required to mark the exhibit index to 
indicate that portions of the exhibit or exhibits have been omitted and 
include a prominent statement on the first page of each redacted 
exhibit that information in the marked sections of the exhibit has been 
omitted from the filed version of the exhibit. Registrants would also 
be required to indicate with brackets where the information has been 
omitted from the filed version of the exhibit.\197\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \197\ These proposals are consistent with the marking 
requirements for confidential treatment requests under Rule 406 and 
Rule 24b-2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Although registrants would not be required to file a confidential 
treatment request in accordance with Rule 406 or Rule 24b-2 in 
connection with the redacted exhibit, the responsibility of a 
registrant to determine whether all material information has been 
disclosed and whether they may redact the

[[Page 51004]]

information under the proposed rules would remain unchanged.\198\ The 
Commission staff would continue its selective review of registrant 
filings and would selectively assess whether redactions from exhibits 
appear to be limited to information that is not material and that would 
subject the registrant to competitive harm if publicly disclosed. As is 
currently the case, the redacted information should include no more 
text than necessary to prevent competitive harm to the registrant. Upon 
request, registrants would be expected to promptly provide supplemental 
materials to the staff similar to those currently required in a 
confidential treatment request, including an unredacted paper copy of 
the exhibit and an analysis of why the redacted information is both (i) 
not material and (ii) would cause competitive harm if publicly 
disclosed.\199\ The timing of any staff review would not alleviate a 
registrant's obligation to disclose all material information and its 
obligation to limit redactions to those provisions and terms that are 
both (i) not material and (ii) would cause competitive harm if publicly 
disclosed. Registrants could request confidential treatment of this 
supplemental information pursuant to Rule 83 while it is in the staff's 
possession. If the registrant's supplemental materials do not support 
its redactions, similar to the process the staff currently follows for 
confidential treatment requests under Rule 406 and Rule 24b-2, the 
staff may request that the registrant file an amendment that includes 
some, or all, of the previously redacted information.\200\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \198\ See Rule 12b-20 [17 CFR 240.12b-20], Rule 408(a) [17 CFR 
230.408(a)] and proposed Item 601(b)(10)(iv).
    \199\ This analysis would be substantially the same as is 
currently required in confidential treatment requests submitted in 
reliance on Rule 80(b)(4) [17 CFR 200.80(b)(4)] pursuant to Rule 406 
or Rule 24b-2.
    \200\ Upon completion of the staff's review, the materials would 
be returned or destroyed if the registrant complies with the 
procedures outlined in Rule 418 or 12b-4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The Concept Release did not request comment on the confidential 
treatment process, other than its request for comment about omitting 
schedules and attachments to exhibits; however, two commenters noted 
that the requirement to file material agreements causes registrants to 
expend significant resources in preparing confidential treatment 
requests.\201\ We believe that simplifying and streamlining this 
process would be consistent with the FAST Act mandate to revise 
Regulation S-K in a manner that reduces the costs and burdens on 
registrants while providing investors all material information. In 
addition, we believe the proposal would result in limiting the 
dissemination of sensitive information because registrants would not be 
required to provide an un-redacted copy of each exhibit at the time of 
filing in order to request confidential treatment. Instead, this 
information would only be required on request in connection with a 
staff filing review.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \201\ See Letter from Fenwick and letter from Davis Polk 1 
(requesting that the Commission reconsider the utility of the 
(b)(10) exhibit filing requirement).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    49. Should registrants be permitted to omit confidential 
information from exhibits filed pursuant to Item 601(b)(10) that is 
both (i) not material and (ii) competitively harmful if publicly 
disclosed without submitting a confidential treatment request as 
proposed? Similarly, should we amend our investment company forms to 
permit investment companies to omit confidential information from 
exhibits?
    50. Would the disclosure provided in exhibits change under the 
proposed amendments? Why or why not?
    51. Under the proposed amendments, if the registrant's supplemental 
materials do not support its redactions, the staff may request that the 
registrant file an amendment that includes some, or all, of the 
previously redacted information. In these situations, should we require 
registrants to include an explanatory note describing why the amendment 
is being provided? Should we also require that any amendment highlight 
the previously redacted information?
    52. Should we allow registrants to omit confidential information 
from exhibits other than those filed pursuant to Item 601(b)(10) that 
is both (i) not material and (ii) competitively harmful if publicly 
disclosed? For instance, should registrants be allowed to omit similar 
information from exhibits filed pursuant to Item 601(b)(2)? Should they 
be allowed to omit similar information from exhibits filed pursuant to 
other subsections of Item 601? If so, which subsections and why?
    53. Should we apply the proposed amendments discussed in Section 
II.E.2. (Information Omitted from Exhibits) to forms that include their 
exhibits requirements in the form or do not separately reference Item 
601 of Regulation S-K (e.g., Schedule 13E-3 and Schedule 13-D)? If so, 
what forms should be amended and to what extent? If not, why? Are there 
special considerations associated with change of control transactions, 
going private transactions, or beneficial ownership reporting that 
render the provision of information in exhibits material to an 
investment or voting decision? What are the costs and benefits of 
applying the proposed amendments to these forms? How do they differ 
from the costs and benefits of applying the proposed amendments to 
Regulation S-K? \202\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \202\ We are proposing to apply the proposed amendments to Form 
20-F to maintain a consistent approach to the exhibit filing 
requirements for domestic registrants and foreign private issuers. 
See infra Section II.E.5 (Exhibits--Application to Foreign Private 
Issuers).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Material Contracts (Item 601(b)(10)(i))
    Item 601(b)(10)(i) requires registrants to file every material 
contract not made in the ordinary course of business, provided that one 
of two tests is met: (i) The contract must be performed in whole or in 
part at or after the filing of the registration statement or report, or 
(ii) the contract was entered into not more than two years before that 
filing.\203\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \203\ Item 601(b)(10)(i) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 
229.601(b)(10)(i)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The first test captures contracts that have not been fully 
performed prior to the filing date. The second test--the two-year look 
back--captures material contracts that were fully performed before the 
filing date.\204\ Currently, all registrants subject to Item 601 must 
consider both tests when deciding whether a material, non-ordinary 
course contract must be filed as an exhibit.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \204\ The two-year look back is included in Schedule A of the 
Securities Act [15 U.S.C. 77aa(24)] and serves as a ``cutoff 
period'' so registrants would not have to file material contracts 
that may have been fully performed many years prior to registration. 
When Section 12(g) was added to the Exchange Act in 1964, the 
Commission was authorized to issue rules requiring such material 
contracts to be filed with Exchange Act reports. See Section 
12(b)(1)(I) of the Exchange Act; H.R. Rep. No. 88-1418, 83rd Cong., 
2nd Sess., 1964. Prior to the enactment of Section 12(g), the 
Exchange Act reporting requirements were applicable only to listed 
companies.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the recommendations in the FAST Act Report,\205\ we 
are proposing amendments to Item 601(b)(10)(i) that would limit the 
two-year look back test to newly reporting registrants. Proposed 
Instruction 1 to Item 601(b)(10)(i) defines a ``newly reporting 
registrant'' as any registrant filing a registration statement that, at 
the time of such filing, is not subject to the reporting requirements 
of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, whether or not such 
registrant has ever previously been subject to the reporting 
requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), and any registrant that has not 
filed an annual report since the revival of a previously suspended 
reporting

[[Page 51005]]

obligation.\206\ As an example, a registrant that is filing its first 
registration statement under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, or 
filing its first Form 10-K since the revival of its reporting 
obligation,\207\ would be required to file material agreements under 
Item 601(b)(10)(i) for the two-year look back period.\208\ The 
definition of ``newly reporting registrant'' under the proposed 
instruction also would include any registrant that (a) was a shell 
company, other than a business combination related shell company, as 
defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, immediately before 
completing a transaction that has the effect of causing it to cease 
being a shell company, and (b) has not filed a registration statement 
or Form 8-K, as required by Item 2.01 and Item 5.06 of that form, since 
the completion of the transaction (or, in the case of foreign private 
issuers, has not filed a Form 20-F since the completion of the 
transaction).\209\ Under the proposed amendments, a registrant meeting 
this definition would be required to file material agreements for the 
two-year look back period. The proposed amendments would help ensure 
that investors receive access to agreements containing material 
information, including agreements entered into by newly reporting 
registrants up to two years prior to the commencement of their 
reporting obligations. Registrants with established reporting histories 
would not be required to comply with the two-year look back requirement 
because investors would continue to have access to any material 
agreements previously filed on EDGAR.\210\ As such, the proposed 
amendments would streamline reporting obligations while maintaining 
investor protections.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \205\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation F.3.
    \206\ See proposed Instruction 1 to paragraph (b)(10) of Item 
601.
    \207\ See Exchange Act Rules Compliance and Disclosure 
Interpretation 153.02 (stating that a Form 10-K for the previous 
fiscal year is the first report due after a reporting obligation is 
revived), available at https://www.sec.gov/divisions/corpfin/guidance/exchangeactrules-interps.htm (last updated December 8, 
2016).
    \208\ In the case of a registrant with a suspended reporting 
obligation that, less than two years later, is revived, the proposed 
requirement to file material agreements for the two-year look back 
period may be satisfied by incorporating by reference and 
hyperlinking to agreements previously filed on EDGAR and filing any 
material agreements entered into while the registrant was not 
reporting. See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14, 
at 14135.
    \209\ Under the proposed amendment, the definition of ``newly 
reporting registrant'' would not include reporting companies 
completing merger transactions with business combination-related 
shell companies.
    \210\ Schedule A of the Securities Act requires that registrants 
file ``every material contract made, not in the ordinary course of 
business, which contract is to be executed in whole or in part at or 
after the filing of the registration statement or which contract has 
been made not more than two years before such filing.'' See Schedule 
A, paragraph 24 [15 U.S.C. 77aa(24)]. Due to the availability of 
filings on EDGAR, as noted above, we believe the two-year look back 
requirement does not provide additional investor protection when 
applied to registrants with a reporting history.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    54. Should we revise Item 601(b)(10)(i) to limit the two-year look 
back test to newly reporting registrants as proposed?
    55. Should the two-year look back requirement apply to a registrant 
completing a reverse merger involving any public shell company that is 
not a business combination-related shell company as proposed? Why or 
why not?
    56. Should the proposed amendment be broadened to require that a 
public company acquiring or merging with a non-public company must 
apply the two-year look back test to agreements entered into by the 
non-public company prior to the transaction date?
    57. Should registrants that have revived reporting obligations be 
required as proposed, to file material contracts for the full two-year 
look back period, regardless of how long their prior reporting 
obligation was suspended? Alternatively, if the registrant's reporting 
obligation was suspended for less than two years prior to revival, 
should the registrant only be required to file agreements entered into 
while the obligation was suspended?
4. Subsidiaries of the Registrant and Entity Identifiers (Item 
601(b)(21)(i))
    Item 601(b)(21) requires a registrant to list as an exhibit all of 
its subsidiaries, the state, or other jurisdiction of incorporation or 
organization of each, and the names under which those subsidiaries do 
business.\211\ The name of particular subsidiaries may be omitted if 
the unnamed subsidiaries, considered in the aggregate as a single 
subsidiary, would not constitute a ``significant subsidiary'' under 
Rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X.\212\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \211\ Item 601(b)(21)(i) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 
229.601(b)(21)(i)].
    \212\ Item 601(b)(21)(ii) of Regulation S-K [17 CFR 
229.601(b)(21)(ii)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the staff's recommendation in the FAST Act 
Report,\213\ we are proposing amendments to Item 601(b)(21)(i) that 
would require registrants to include in the exhibit the legal entity 
identifier (``LEI''), if one has been obtained, of the registrant and 
each subsidiary listed. An LEI is a 20-character, alpha-numeric code 
that allows for unique identification of entities engaged in financial 
transactions. LEIs are intended to improve market transparency by 
providing clear identification of participants.\214\ Fees are not 
imposed on investors for use of, or access to, LEIs. All of the 
associated reference data needed to understand, process, and use LEIs 
is widely and freely available. These associated reference data also 
are not subject to any usage restrictions. There is a cost of obtaining 
an LEI for registrants: A one-time fee of $75-$119 and $50-$99 in 
annual maintenance fees.\215\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \213\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation F.4.
    \214\ See Arthur B. Kennickell, Bd. of Governors of the Fed. 
Reserve Sys., Identity, Identification and Identifiers: The Global 
Legal Entity Identifier System (Nov. 8, 2016), available at https://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/feds/2016/files/2016103pap.pdf.
    \215\ See Glob. Legal Entity Identifier Found., Frequently Asked 
Questions--Fees, Payment and Taxes, available at https://lei.bloomberg.com/docs/faq; and Glob. Mkt. Entity Identifier Util., 
GMEI Utility Pricing, available at https://www.gmeiutility.org/gmeiUtilityPricing.jsp. See also, Letter from SIFMA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the Concept Release, we solicited comment on whether we should 
require registrants to disclose their LEI and the LEIs of their 
subsidiaries (if available) in Exhibit 21 and how this information 
would benefit investors. Many commenters supported requiring disclosure 
of LEIs,\216\ with most of them

[[Page 51006]]

recommending that we require both the registrant and its subsidiaries 
to obtain and disclose LEIs.\217\ These commenters generally stated 
that the use of LEIs would improve investors' ability to understand 
registrants' risk profiles. In this regard, commenters observed that 
LEIs would allow investors to link third-party data with structured 
data from the Commission to produce more meaningful analysis.\218\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \216\ See, e.g., Letters from Data Coalition (July 21, 2016) 
(``Data Coalition'') (recommending that the Commission adopt the 
``if available'' disclosure standard as an interim step prior to 
requiring registrants to obtain and disclose LEIs); Bloomberg 
(recommending that filers should be required to obtain an LEI); 
SIFMA (noting that regulators have driven the expansion of the LEI 
system and expressing support for recent regulations that impose 
requirements upon certain investment companies to obtain an LEI); 
and XBRL US (recommending that the Commission require registrants to 
obtain an LEI for every company in their corporate structure; 
stating that use of LEIs would improve the functionality of filings 
by identifying participants in financial transactions and bringing 
clarity to interrelationships between entities). See also Letters 
from E. Bean; SEC Investor Advisory Committee (June 15, 2016) (``IAC 
1'') (stating that LEIs could facilitate the work of the Commission 
and other prudential regulators related to systemic risk, firm 
interconnectivity, and leverage at broker-dealers, asset managers, 
and other market participants and benefit investors trying to 
understand complex structures); Owner Subcommittee of the SEC's 
Investor Advisory Committee (Nov. 22, 2016) (``IAC 2''); Main Street 
Alliance (July 5, 2016); The Financial Accountability and Corporate 
Transparency Coalition (July 6, 2016); Citizens for Tax Justice; GRI 
(July 21, 2016); American Sustainable Business Council, Citizens for 
Tax Justice, FACT Coalition, Fair Share, Global Financial Integrity 
and Main Street Alliance (July 21, 2016); Americans for Tax Fairness 
(July 21, 2016); AFL-CIO (July 21, 2016); Oxfam America (July 21, 
2016); S. Percoco; Americans for Financial Reform (Aug. 10, 2016); 
NYSCRF; Global Legal Identity Identifier Foundation (July 21, 2016); 
and CFA Institute. See also letter from TagniFi, LLC (Jan. 27, 2016) 
[Disclosure Effectiveness letter] (``TagniFi'').
    \217\ See id. Two commenters opposed an LEI requirement, stating 
that ``there is no global standard for LEI.'' See Letters from 
Financial Executives International and General Motors.
    \218\ See, e.g., Letters from SIFMA, Bloomberg, and Data 
Coalition. See also Nationally Recognized Statistical Rating 
Organizations, Release No. 34-72936 (Aug. 27, 2014) [79 FR 55077 
(Sept. 15, 2014)] (the ``2014 NRSRO Amendments Release'') and Credit 
Risk Retention, Release No. 34-73407 (Oct. 22, 2014) [79 FR 77601 
(Dec. 24, 2014)] (the ``Credit Risk Retention Release'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendment is intended to modernize the disclosure 
requirements under Regulation S-K by requiring registrants to provide 
any LEIs obtained for themselves or their listed subsidiaries to 
investors. This proposal would allow investors to use the LEI to more 
quickly and precisely identify registrants and their subsidiaries. Our 
proposal is consistent with prior regulatory efforts. For example, as 
part of our recent investment company reporting modernization efforts, 
we adopted rules requiring certain registrants and funds to obtain LEIs 
to provide a consistent means of identification.\219\ Due in part to 
these and other similar global regulatory efforts, the usage of LEIs 
has increased over the last few years.\220\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \219\ See Investment Company Reporting Modernization, Release 
No. 33-10231 (Nov. 18, 2016) [81 FR 81870]) (the ``IM Modernization 
Adopting Release''). See also id. at n. 61 (discussing additional 
contexts in which the Commission has required LEIs, including Form 
PF--Reporting Form for Investment Advisers to Private Funds and 
Certain Commodity Pool Operators and Commodity Trading Advisors, 
available at http://www.sec.gov/rules/final/2011/ia-3308-formpf.pdf); Regulation SBSR-Reporting and Dissemination of 
Security-Based Swap Information, Release No. 34-74244 (Feb. 11, 
2015) [80 FR 14564 (Mar. 19, 2015)]. See also 2014 NRSRO Amendments 
Release, supra note 218; Credit Risk Retention Release, supra note 
218.
    \220\ See, e.g., Legal Entity Identifier Regulatory Oversight 
Comm., The Global LEI System and regulatory uses of the LEI (Nov. 5, 
2015), available at http://www.leiroc.org/publications/gls/lou_20151105-1.pdf (progress report by the Legal Identifier 
Regulatory Oversight Committee, including an annex listing 
regulatory actions in the United States, the EU countries, and eight 
other countries which require, request, or allow the use of LEIs). 
The global LEI system currently has over 580,000 registrations and 
is growing. See Global LEI Foundation daily updated ``concatenated 
file,'' which includes all LEIs issued globally and related LEI 
reference data, available at https://www.gleif.org/en/lei-data/gleif-concatenated-file/lei-download#or http://openleis.com. See 
also Glob. Legal Entity Identifier Found., Regulatory Use of the LEI 
(providing an overview of current and proposed global regulatory 
activities involving LEI), available at https://www.gleif.org/en/about-lei/regulatory-use-of-the-lei; Global LEI Data Quality Reports 
Archive, available at https://www.gleif.org/en/lei-data/gleif-data-quality-management/about-the-data-quality-reports/archive# (showing 
total number of LEIs issued, renewed, reactivated and lapsed from 
January 2016 through April 2017).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We recognize that many registrants and their subsidiaries may not 
have LEIs. Accordingly, our proposals would require disclosure of LEIs 
only for those registrants and subsidiaries that choose to obtain this 
identifier. Below, we solicit comment as to whether to require 
registrants and their subsidiaries to obtain LEIs.
Request for Comment
    58. Should we require registrants to include in Exhibit 21 the LEI 
(if one has been obtained) of the registrant and each subsidiary 
required to be listed in the exhibit? Would requiring registrants to 
disclose LEIs in Exhibit 21 as proposed, provide investors with 
sufficient access to that information? Is there another location in 
registrant filings, other than Exhibit 21, where LEI information would 
be more accessible to investors? For example, should a registrant be 
required to disclose its LEI, if it has one, on the cover page of each 
registration statement, periodic filing, or current report and provide 
the LEIs for its significant subsidiaries in an exhibit?
    59. If we require registrants to include LEIs in Exhibit 21 as 
proposed, should we also require them to provide that information as 
machine-readable data? If so, what structured data format would be the 
most useful to investors? For example, the Commission recently adopted 
amendments requiring investment companies to provide LEIs in XML 
format.\221\ Should we require registrants that have already obtained 
LEIs to disclose their LEIs in XML format? Or, for consistency with the 
proposal to tag information on the cover page of certain forms using 
Inline XBRL format,\222\ should we require disclosure of LEIs in Inline 
XBRL format? What would be the additional cost to registrants to 
provide LEIs in XML, Inline XBRL, or another machine-readable format?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \221\ See IM Modernization Adopting Release, supra note 219.
    \222\ See infra Section II.G.1 (Tagging Cover Page Data).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    60. In light of the many comments received on the costs and 
benefits of LEIs,\223\ should our rules encourage or require 
registrants and each subsidiary thereof required to be listed in 
Exhibit 21 to obtain an LEI? If so, how should we structure our rules 
to achieve this purpose?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \223\ See supra notes 216 to 218 and accompanying text.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    61. Some registrants have numerous subsidiaries or affiliates 
operating globally, while other registrants have simple corporate 
structures. Should we require certain types of registrants, such as 
larger registrants or subsidiaries, to obtain LEIs? For example, should 
we limit the requirement to large accelerated filers, well-known 
seasoned issuers, or foreign private issuers?
5. Application to Foreign Private Issuers
    The Commission previously adopted amendments to conform the exhibit 
requirements in Form 20-F to the requirements in Item 601.\224\ To 
maintain a consistent approach to the exhibit requirements for domestic 
registrants and foreign private issuers, the proposed amendments would 
require foreign private issuers to provide information in exhibit 
filings comparable to the information provided by domestic registrants 
under Item 601(a)(5), Item 601(a)(6), Item 601(b)(4)(vi), Item 
601(b)(10)(i), Item 601(b)(10)(iv), and Item 601(b)(21), as proposed. 
In each case, we believe that the justifications for the proposed 
amendments to Item 601 are equally applicable to Form 20-F.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \224\ See International Disclosure Standards Release, Release 
No. 33-7637 (Feb. 2, 1999) [64 FR 6261 (Feb. 9, 1999)] (expressing 
the Commission's intention ``to conform the exhibit requirements for 
Form 20-F with the exhibit requirements for registration statements 
filed by U.S. issuers under the Exchange Act'' and stating that all 
of the Form 20-F exhibit requirements ``are required for domestic 
issuers filing a registration statement on Form 10 or an annual 
report on Form 10-K'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are not proposing similar changes to Form 40-F. Form 40-F 
generally permits Canadian issuers to use Canadian disclosure documents 
to satisfy the Commission's registration and disclosure requirements. 
As a result, the exhibit requirements in Form 40-F are largely in 
accordance with Canadian disclosure standards.
Request for Comment
    62. Should we amend the exhibit requirements of Form 20-F so that 
they are consistent with the requirements under Item 601 as proposed? 
Why or why not? Are there any unique considerations with respect to 
foreign private issuers in this context?
    63. Should we make corresponding changes to the exhibit 
requirements in Form 40-F? Why or why not?
    64. Would the proposed amendments conflict with home-country 
requirements in some jurisdictions? If so, please explain.

[[Page 51007]]

F. Incorporation by Reference

    To reduce duplicative disclosure, registrants have been permitted 
to incorporate previously filed information into their filings since 
the enactment of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act.\225\ 
Initially, incorporation by reference was limited to exhibits, but over 
time we have increasingly permitted incorporation by reference in other 
contexts. The rules and instructions governing incorporation by 
reference are now found in a variety of regulations, including 
Regulation S-K, Regulation C, Regulation 12B and many of the 
Commission's forms.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \225\ See Federal Trade Commission Release No. 33-47 (Sept. 22, 
1933) (allowing for incorporation by reference of exhibits filed 
with registration statements); Release No. 34-51 (Nov. 27, 1934) 
(allowing for incorporation by reference of exhibits filed with the 
Commission under the Exchange Act or filed with an exchange).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that the Commission 
consider consolidating, clarifying, and updating Item 10(d) of 
Regulation S-K and the other rules governing incorporation by 
reference.\226\ Consistent with our mandate under the FAST Act, our 
proposed amendments would revise Item 10(d), Rule 411,\227\ Rule 12b-
23,\228\ and a number of our forms to simplify and modernize these 
rules while still providing all material information. Our proposed 
amendments would also rescind Rule 12b-32.\229\ In addition, to provide 
for a consistent set of incorporation by reference rules for investment 
companies and investment advisers, we are proposing parallel amendments 
to Rule 0-4 \230\ and a number of forms under the Investment Company 
Act,\231\ certain conforming amendments to Rule 0-6 \232\ under the 
Investment Advisers Act,\233\ and the rescission of Rule 8b-23,\234\ 
Rule 8b-24,\235\ and Rule 8b-32 \236\ under the Investment Company Act 
(certain provisions of which would be consolidated into proposed new 
Rule 0-4). The proposed amendments would streamline the requirements 
associated with incorporation by reference and facilitate investor 
access to incorporated documents through the use of hyperlinks. The 
proposed amendments are also consistent with the Commission's 
longstanding acceptance of incorporation by reference in the interests 
of encouraging registrants to eliminate duplicative disclosures.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \226\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendations A.1 
and A.2.
    \227\ 17 CFR 230.411.
    \228\ 17 CFR 240.12b-23.
    \229\ 17 CFR 240.12b-32.
    \230\ 17 CFR 270.0-4.
    \231\ 15 U.S.C. 80a-1 et seq.
    \232\ 17 CFR 275.0-6.
    \233\ 15 U.S.C. 80b-1 et seq.
    \234\ 17 CFR 270.8b-23.
    \235\ 17 CFR 270.8b-24.
    \236\ 17 CFR 270.8b-32.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Our proposed amendments respond to some of the recommendations from 
commenters on the Concept Release. Commenters generally supported the 
use of incorporation by reference.\237\ A number of commenters 
recommended expanding the ability to incorporate by reference.\238\ 
Some commenters, while supporting the use of incorporation by 
reference, cautioned that it should not excessively fragment disclosure 
or make disclosure more difficult to access.\239\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \237\ See Letters from Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz (May 16, 
2016) (``Wachtell''); Ball Corporation (July 19, 2016) (``Ball''); 
Chamber 2; FedEx; CGCIV; International Integrated Reporting Council 
(July 20, 2016) (``IIRC''); California State Teachers' Retirement 
System (July 21, 2016) (``CalSTRS''); Edison Electric and AGA; 
American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (July 
21, 2016) (``AFSCME''); Fenwick; and NIRI.
    \238\ See Letters from Wachtell; Chamber 2; FedEx; CGCIV; IIRC; 
Edison Electric and AGA; Fenwick; IAC 1; and NIRI.
    \239\ See Letters from IIRC and CalSTRS. The IIRC recommended 
emphasizing the use of incorporation by reference for 
``supplementary'' information so as to focus the disclosure in a 
document on ``core'' information.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Item 10(d)
    Item 10 of Regulation S-K \240\ contains general requirements on 
the application of Regulation S-K. Item 10(d) focuses on incorporation 
by reference.\241\ Item 10(d) states that, where rules, regulations, or 
instructions to the forms permit incorporation by reference, a document 
may be incorporated by reference to the specific document and to the 
prior filing or submission in which that document was physically filed 
or submitted. Item 10(d) generally prevents registrants from 
incorporating by reference a portion of a document that itself also 
incorporates pertinent information by reference.\242\ It also prohibits 
incorporating documents by reference if they have been on file with the 
Commission for more than five years and do not fall within one of the 
exceptions provided in the rule.\243\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \240\ 17 CFR 229.10.
    \241\ 17 CFR 229.10(d).
    \242\ Indirect incorporation by reference is permitted when the 
registrant is expressly required to incorporate a document by 
reference and, in the case of asset-backed issuers, under Item 
1100(c) of Regulation AB [17 CFR 229.1100(c)]. See Item 10(d).
    \243\ See infra note 247 and accompanying text (discussing the 
exceptions).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Consistent with the staff's recommendation in the FAST Act Report, 
we are proposing to eliminate the five-year limit in Item 10(d). This 
requirement originated from the Commission's policy on retention of 
hard copy records of filings, as set forth in the Commission's Rules of 
Practice.\244\ This requirement previously imposed a 10-year limit but 
was reduced to five years in 1977 to allow for the Commission's 
``orderly destruction of unneeded filings.'' \245\ At the time, the 
Commission noted that the ``cost of storage outweighs the usefulness to 
the Commission and to the public of many if not most of these 
records.'' \246\ Nevertheless, exceptions were added for documents 
contained in registration statements of reporting registrants and for 
documents that a registrant identifies by file number that have not 
been disposed of pursuant to the Commission's Records Control 
Schedule.\247\ Given these broad exceptions and the current practice of 
retaining documents electronically, the five-year limit now serves 
little purpose and may lead to confusion about which documents may be 
incorporated by reference.\248\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \244\ See Rules of Practice, Release No. 34-35833 (June 9, 1995) 
[60 FR 32738 (June 23, 1995)] (moving the requirements from Rule 24 
of the Commission's Rules of Practice to Item 10(d)). We are also 
proposing to eliminate remaining references to Rule 24 in Regulation 
S-K and other rules and forms. See, e.g., Rule 411(d) and Form N-2.
    \245\ See 25 FR 6719 (July 15, 1960) (adopting Rule 24); 
Incorporation by Reference, Release No. 33-5818 (Mar. 18, 1977) [42 
FR 16922 (Mar. 30, 1977)] (adopting an amendment to Rule 24 reducing 
the 10-year limit to five years).
    \246\ Notice of (1) Proposed Amendments to Rule 24 of the Rules 
of Practice and All Other Commission Rules Relating to Incorporation 
By Reference and Basic Documents and (2) Proposed Revocation of 
Securities Exchange Act Rule 12b-34, Release No. 33-5711 (May 21, 
1976) [41 FR 105 (May 28, 1976)] (proposing a three-year limit with 
certain ``basic documents'' being retained for a longer period).
    \247\ See Item 10(d)(1)-(2) and the Commission's Records Control 
Schedule [17 CFR 200.80f].
    \248\ We believe that it is very unlikely that a registrant 
would attempt to incorporate by reference to a document that was 
filed with the Commission but is no longer available because it was 
not submitted on EDGAR and has been destroyed pursuant to the 
Records Control Schedule. For example, the Commission retains 
Securities Act and Exchange Act registration statements, reports and 
proxy materials that have not been filed on EDGAR for 30 years. See 
Records Control Schedule [17 CFR 200.80f]. Under the proposed 
amendments, a registrant would not be permitted to incorporate by 
reference to a destroyed document because it would render its 
disclosure incomplete, unclear, or confusing. See, e.g., proposed 
Rule 411(e) and Rule 12b-23(e).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Without the provisions relating to the five-year limit, little 
substance remains in Item 10(d). Therefore, to simplify the 
requirements, we are proposing to move the remaining provision in Item 
10(d) prohibiting indirect incorporation by reference into the other 
rules governing incorporation by reference.\249\ In the

[[Page 51008]]

FAST Act Report, the staff recommended consolidating the incorporation 
by reference rules in Item 10(d). After considering this 
recommendation, we believe that consolidating these procedural rules in 
Regulation C and Regulation 12B (and, for investment companies and 
investment advisers, in Rule 0-4 under the Investment Company Act and 
Rule 0-6 under the Investment Advisers Act, respectively \250\) would 
better align with the Commission's original intent of focusing 
Regulation S-K on substantive disclosure requirements.\251\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \249\ See the proposed amendments to Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, Rule 
0-4, and Rule 0-6. Paragraph (d) of Item 10 also states that, when 
incorporation by reference is permitted, a document may be 
incorporated by reference to the specific document and to the prior 
filing or submission in which such document was physically filed or 
submitted. We are proposing to eliminate this provision because 
similar provisions exist in Rule 411(d), Rule 12b-23(b), Rule 0-
4(c), and Rule 0-6(c).
    \250\ As part of these amendments, we are proposing amendments 
to various Investment Company Act forms to eliminate references to 
Item 10(d), along with outdated references in our forms and Rule 0-4 
and Rule 0-6 to 17 CFR 228.10(f), a former rule under Regulation S-B 
which was rescinded in 2007. See Smaller Reporting Company 
Regulatory Relief and Simplification, Release No. 33-8876 (Dec. 19, 
2007) [73 FR 934 (Jan. 4, 2008)].
    \251\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation A.2 
(``These rules could be consolidated in Item 10(d) for submissions 
that are required to comply with Regulation S-K.''). When the 
Commission adopted the integrated disclosure system, it indicated 
that it intended to bifurcate the regulations into procedural 
requirements and substantive disclosure requirements. See Proposed 
Revision of Regulation C, Registration and Regulation 12B, 
Registration and Reporting, Release No. 33-6333 (Aug. 6, 1981) [46 
FR 41971 (Aug. 18, 1981)] (``In its development of an integrated 
disclosure system, the Commission has sought to consolidate 
requirements relating to substantive disclosure and document content 
in Regulation S-K. The proposals in this release reflect the 
continuation of that process and also the effort to simplify and 
consolidate procedural requirements in Regulations C and 12B.''); 
Integrated Disclosure System Adopting Release, supra note 69 (``The 
third aspect of the integrated disclosure system consists of 
Regulation C and Regulation 12B, which contain the procedures to be 
used in preparing and filing registration statements and reports 
under the Securities Act and the Exchange Act, respectively.''). 
Nevertheless, the rules governing incorporation by reference could 
be consolidated in Regulation S-K. We are soliciting comment on 
whether such an approach would be preferable.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    65. Should we consolidate the requirements governing incorporation 
by reference as proposed? Would the proposed structure of the 
incorporation by reference rules be simpler for registrants, 
particularly smaller registrants, to follow? Instead of preserving the 
different rules for incorporation by reference under Regulation C and 
Regulation 12B, should we combine Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, and Rule 12b-
32 in a single item of Regulation S-K? Would that facilitate or 
streamline compliance with the rules?
    66. Should we eliminate Item 10(d)'s five-year limit on 
incorporation by reference as proposed? Given the exceptions that exist 
and the Commission's electronic filing requirements, is the five-year 
limit obsolete? Would eliminating the five-year limit make it difficult 
for investors to locate information that a registrant incorporates by 
reference?
    67. For investment companies and investment advisers, should we 
consolidate the different rules for incorporation by reference into 
Rule 0-4 and Rule 0-6, respectively as proposed? Would this structure 
be simpler for investment companies and investment advisers to follow, 
or are there special considerations regarding investment companies and 
investment advisers that make the current or another structure more 
appropriate?
2. Securities Act Rule 411, Exchange Act Rule 12b-23 and Rule 12b-32 
and Related Rules Under the Investment Company Act and Investment 
Advisers Act
    Rule 12b-23 governs incorporation by reference for registration 
statements filed pursuant to Sections 12(b) and 12(g) of the Exchange 
Act and reports filed pursuant to Sections 13 and 15(d) of the Exchange 
Act.\252\ Rule 12b-23 broadly allows for incorporation by reference in 
answer, or partial answer, to any item of an Exchange Act registration 
statement or report. Rule 12b-32 governs incorporation by reference for 
exhibits filed with registration statements and reports. Rule 411 
governs incorporation by reference for registration statements filed 
under the Securities Act, including exhibits thereto.\253\ Rule 411 
restricts incorporation by reference in a prospectus unless otherwise 
provided in the appropriate form but allows for incorporation by 
reference similar to Rule 12b-23 for the non-prospectus portions of a 
registration statement.\254\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \252\ See Rule 12b-1 [17 CFR 240.12b-1] (setting forth the scope 
of Regulation 12B).
    \253\ See Rule 400 [17 CFR 230.400] (setting forth the scope of 
Regulation C).
    \254\ See Integrated Disclosure System Adopting Release, supra 
note 69; Proposed Revision of Regulation C, Registration and 
Regulation 12B, Registration and Reporting, Release No. 33-6333 
(Aug. 6, 1981) [46 FR 41971 (Aug. 18, 1981)] (``While it is 
generally proper to prevent prospectuses from incorporating exhibits 
which are not delivered, the Commission does not believe it is 
necessary to impose such limits in connection with Exchange Act 
reports which are not actually delivered in registered public 
offerings of securities.'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Under the Investment Company Act, Rule 0-4 provides general 
incorporation by reference rules for investment company registration 
statements, applications, and reports filed with the Commission. Rule 
8b-23 (additional incorporation by reference rules for registration 
statements and reports), Rule 8b-24 (rules regarding summaries or 
outlines of documents), and Rule 8b-32 (incorporation of exhibits by 
reference) provide additional incorporation by reference rules for 
investment company registration statements and reports. Under the 
Investment Advisers Act, Rule 0-6 governs incorporation by reference 
for investment adviser applications for Commission orders under the 
Investment Advisers Act other than applications for registration as an 
investment adviser.
a. Exhibit and Other Filing Requirements
    Rule 12b-23(a)(3) under the Exchange Act requires that copies of 
any information incorporated by reference must be filed as an exhibit, 
with limited exceptions.\255\ This provision was introduced in 1971 so 
that then-existing microfiche technology for the public dissemination 
of reports and documents filed with the Commission could function 
properly.\256\ Rule 411(b)(4) under the Securities Act has a more 
limited exhibit filing provision for non-prospectus information that is 
incorporated by reference into a document that does not comply with the 
five-year limit in Item 10(d). Rule 8b-23 under the Investment Company 
Act generally requires investment company registrants to file with a 
registration statement or report a copy of any registration statement, 
report, or prospectus from which information is incorporated by 
reference, except in cases where the registration statement, report, or 
prospectus was filed electronically.\257\ We are proposing to

[[Page 51009]]

eliminate these requirements, consistent with commenters' suggestions 
and the staff's recommendation in the FAST Act Report to make the rules 
for incorporation by reference more consistent, and to apply consistent 
rules for incorporation by reference under the Investment Company Act 
and Investment Advisers Act.\258\ We no longer believe that these 
requirements are necessary as most Exchange Act filings are made 
publicly available on EDGAR, and as we generally do not have similar 
exhibit filing requirements for Securities Act registration 
statements.\259\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \255\ See Rule 12b-23(a)(3) [17 CFR 240.12b-23(a)(3)](providing 
exceptions for a proxy or information statement incorporated by 
reference in response to Part III of Form 10-K, a form of prospectus 
filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) [17 CFR 230.424(b)] incorporated by 
reference in response to Item 1 of Form 8-A, and information filed 
on Form 8-K).
    \256\ See Registration and Reporting and Form for Annual Reports 
of Employee Stock Purchase Plans, Release No. 34-9048 (Jan. 4, 1971) 
[36 FR 4483 (Mar. 6, 1971)] (``In order that the microfiche system 
for the public dissemination of reports and documents filed with 
[the] Commission may work, the amended rule requires that copies of 
information or financial statements incorporated by reference, or 
copies of the pertinent pages of any document containing such 
information or statement, be filed with the registration statement 
or report in which it is so incorporated.'').
    \257\ See Rule 8b-23(a) [17 CFR 270.8b-23(a)]. In addition, Rule 
0-4 under the Investment Company Act and Rule 0-6 under the 
Investment Advisers Act permit the incorporation by reference as an 
exhibit in any registration statement, application or report (in the 
case of Rule 0-4) or in any application (in the case of Rule 0-6) 
any document or part thereof previously or concurrently filed with 
the Commission. Both rules also permit the incorporation by 
reference of financial statements (or parts thereof), although Rule 
0-6 specifies that the financial statements (or parts thereof) that 
are incorporated are to be filed as exhibits. For consistent rules 
under both Acts, we are proposing amendments to Rule 0-4 to specify 
that financial statements may be filed as exhibits to investment 
company applications, as Rule 0-6 currently specifies with respect 
to applications filed under the Investment Advisers Act.
    Furthermore, if the number of copies of any document from which 
information is incorporated by reference is less than the number of 
copies required to be filed with a registration statement, 
application, or report, Rule 0-4 and Rule 0-6 require an investment 
company or applicant, respectively, to file as many additional 
copies of the document incorporated by reference as may be necessary 
to meet the requirements of the registration statement, application, 
or report. See Rule 0-4(a), Rule 0-6(a). We are proposing to 
eliminate the requirement to file additional copies from Rule 0-4 
because most investment company filings are available on EDGAR. 
Although investment adviser applications are filed in paper format, 
in the staff's experience, those applications rarely incorporate by 
reference information as permitted by Rule 0-6. For our regulatory 
purposes, we do not believe that the number of copies specified in 
current Rule 0-6 is needed. Thus, for the foregoing reasons and for 
consistency purposes, we are similarly proposing to eliminate the 
requirement to file additional copies from Rule 0-6.
    \258\ See Letters from ABA and Fenwick. See also FAST Act 
Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation A.2.
    \259\ We note that investment advisers register and submit some 
filings to the Commission electronically through the Investment 
Adviser Registration Depository (``IARD'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In connection with these proposed amendments, we are also proposing 
to eliminate the corresponding exhibit requirement in Item 
601(b)(99)(ii) of Regulation S-K, which was adopted in connection with 
Rule 12b-23(a) and Rule 411(b)(4).\260\ In addition to Item 601(b)(99), 
other provisions in Item 601 require documents to be filed as exhibits 
only when they are incorporated by reference into a filing. For 
example, Item 601(b)(13) requires a registrant to file an annual report 
to security holders, Form 10-Q or quarterly report to security holders 
as an exhibit when the registrant incorporates all or a portion of such 
reports by reference. Although annual reports to security holders are 
readily available to investors and the staff outside of EDGAR, we 
believe it is appropriate to retain the exhibit requirement in these 
circumstances because some registrants satisfy their disclosure 
requirements by incorporating a significant amount of disclosure from 
these reports. We are not proposing to eliminate these other exhibit 
filing requirements in Item 601. Nonetheless, we are proposing to 
eliminate the requirement in Item 601(b)(13) to file a Form 10[dash]Q 
as an exhibit when it is specifically incorporated by reference into a 
prospectus. This provision would no longer be necessary because, under 
the proposed rules, a registrant would be required to include a 
hyperlink to any information that is incorporated by reference to a 
document available on EDGAR.\261\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \260\ See Integrated Disclosure System Adopting Release, supra 
note 69 (adopting Item 601(b)(28)(ii), which is now found in Item 
601(b)(99)(ii)) and Proposed Revision of Regulation S-K and Proposed 
Rescission of Guides for the Preparation and Filing of Registration 
Statements and Reports, Release No. 33-6332 (Aug. 6, 1981) [46 FR 
41925 (Aug. 18, 1981)].
    \261\ See infra Section II.F.2.b. (Incorporation by Reference--
Hyperlinks).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    68. Should we eliminate the requirement in Rule 12b-23(a)(3) and 
Rule 411(b)(4) that copies of information incorporated by reference be 
filed as exhibits to registration statements or reports? Would 
eliminating these requirements encourage incorporation by reference as 
suggested by some commenters? \262\ Would eliminating the requirement 
make it difficult for investors to locate the incorporated information 
on EDGAR?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \262\ See Letters from ABA and Fenwick.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    69. Should we modify, as proposed, the exhibit filing provisions in 
Rule 0-4, Rule 8b-23, and Rule 0-6 regarding materials incorporated by 
reference? Are there special considerations regarding investment 
companies and applications under the Investment Advisers Act that merit 
maintaining or modifying the current provisions we are proposing to 
eliminate? Should we specify in Rule 0-4, as proposed, that financial 
statements may be filed as exhibits to investment company applications, 
as Rule 0-6 currently specifies with respect to applications filed 
under the Investment Advisers Act? Given that applications under the 
Investment Advisers Act are filed with the Commission in paper, should 
our final rules continue to require the filing of additional copies of 
materials incorporated by reference?
    70. Some documents are required to be filed as exhibits only when 
they are incorporated by reference into a filing. For example, Item 
601(b)(13) requires an annual report to security holders to be filed as 
an exhibit to a Form 10-K when all or part of the annual report is 
incorporated by reference into the text of Form 10-K. Should we amend 
Item 601(b)(13) or other provisions in Item 601 to eliminate these 
requirements (or is the proposed elimination of Rule 12b-23(a)(3) 
sufficient to encourage incorporation by reference)? Please address the 
availability of the information called for by Item 601 to investors and 
the Commission in your response.\263\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \263\ For example, annual reports are required to be delivered 
to security holders. See Rule 14a-3(b) and Rule 14c-3(a) [17 CFR 
240.14a-3(b) and 14c-3]. Such reports must also be provided to the 
Commission. See Rule 14a-3(c) [17 CFR 240.14a-3] and Rule 14c-3(b) 
(requiring hard copies of these reports to be delivered to the 
Commission).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

b. Hyperlinks
    Consistent with the recommendation of commenters and the staff, we 
are proposing to facilitate greater investor access to disclosure by 
amending Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, and Rule 0-4 to require hyperlinks to 
information that is incorporated by reference if that information is 
available on EDGAR.\264\ The Commission recently adopted rules 
requiring hyperlinks to most exhibits filed pursuant to Item 601, Form 
F-10 \265\ or Form 20-F.\266\ To accommodate hyperlinks, those filings 
must be made in HTML format.\267\ The requirement to file documents in 
HTML format would be expanded under the proposed rules to include 
filings that are subject to the proposed hyperlinking requirements in 
Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, and Rule 0-4.\268\ We believe that

[[Page 51010]]

expanding the hyperlinking requirement to other information that is 
incorporated by reference would improve the readability and 
navigability of disclosure documents and discourage repetition, 
consistent with our FAST Act mandate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \264\ See Letters from Chamber; FedEx; Fenwick; and CGCIV. See 
also FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at n.34. We are not proposing 
similar amendments to Rule 0-6 because applications under the 
Investment Advisers Act filed pursuant to that rule are not required 
to be filed electronically. In addition, applications filed pursuant 
to Rule 0-6 may incorporate information that may not be filed on 
EDGAR.
    \265\ 17 CFR 239.40.
    \266\ See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14, at 
14130.
    \267\ See id. at 14130. Larger registrants were required to 
comply with the rules requiring exhibit hyperlinks for filings 
submitted on or after September 1, 2017. Id. The rules we adopted at 
that time did not generally apply to investment companies. However, 
as discussed below, we are proposing to apply similar requirements 
to certain filings by investment companies in this release. See 
infra Section II.G.2.
    \268\ See proposed Rule 105(e) of Regulation S-T. We do not 
believe that the proposed amendments would significantly increase 
the number of filings that must be in HTML format. Filings that are 
not subject to Rule 411 or Rule 12b--23, such as proxy statements on 
Schedule 14A, would not be affected by this proposal.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed requirements for hyperlinking are similar to the 
requirements for exhibit hyperlinking. Specifically, under the proposed 
amendments, registrants would not be required to file an amendment to a 
document solely to correct an inaccurate hyperlink unless, that 
hyperlink was included in a pre-effective registration statement. An 
inaccurate hyperlink alone would neither render the filing materially 
deficient nor affect a registrant's eligibility to use Form S-3 \269\ 
or Form F-3.\270\ Lastly, we are not proposing to require refiling of 
information that is incorporated by reference from a document that was 
previously filed with the Commission in paper. Similar to our reasoning 
in the Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, we believe that requirement 
would have limited utility given that electronic filing has been 
required for over two decades and paper filings are currently made in 
very limited circumstances.\271\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \269\ 17 CFR 239.13.
    \270\ 17 CFR 239.33.
    \271\ See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14, at 
14131. See also FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at n.31 and 
accompanying text.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Unlike the requirements for exhibit hyperlinking, however, a 
registrant would not be required to correct inaccurate hyperlinks in an 
effective registration statement by including a corrected hyperlink in 
a subsequent periodic report or a post-effective amendment. We 
preliminarily believe that it would result in more confusion than 
clarity if we were to require registrants to re-file disclosure to 
correct a hyperlink or to include a section solely devoted to corrected 
hyperlinks in the body of a periodic report or post-effective 
amendment. This differs from exhibit hyperlinks where the corrected 
hyperlink would be unobtrusively located in the exhibit index with 
other exhibits. The requirement in proposed Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, and 
Rule 0-4 to describe the location of the information incorporated by 
reference should mitigate the impact of any inaccurate hyperlinks.
Request for Comment
    71. As proposed, in most cases a registrant would be required to 
include a hyperlink to information that it incorporates by reference. 
Would the proposed hyperlinking requirements significantly increase the 
compliance burden on registrants? Should we provide a delayed 
compliance date for smaller reporting companies and ASCII filers? \272\ 
If so, what compliance date would be appropriate? Should we provide any 
exceptions to the proposed hyperlinking requirement? For example, 
should we exclude references to entire forms that are readily 
accessible on EDGAR, such as Form 10-K, or for particular types of 
disclosure? If so, which forms or types of disclosure would be 
appropriate and why?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \272\ See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, at 14130.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    72. Should investment companies be required to include a hyperlink 
to information incorporated by reference as proposed? Are there special 
considerations regarding filings by investment companies that merit 
modifying the requirement in any way? For example, should investment 
company applications be required to include a hyperlink to information 
that is incorporated by reference?
    73. When should registrants be required to update inaccurate 
hyperlinks? Should these updating requirements differ from the 
requirements to update inaccurate exhibit hyperlinks as proposed? \273\ 
Should we instead require registrants to update hyperlinks in a post-
effective amendment or subsequent periodic report?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \273\ See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14, at 
n.73.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    74. Should we amend our forms to clarify that information 
incorporated by reference must include a hyperlink to where that 
information may be found on EDGAR? Would the requirements be 
sufficiently clear if we include them only in the rules as proposed?
c. Financial Statements
    In addition to addressing incorporation by reference, the FAST Act 
Report recommended that we consider revising our rules and forms to 
allow for consistent cross-referencing to disclosure found elsewhere in 
a filing.\274\ To address the concern that cross-referencing to non-
financial information from within the financial statements may raise 
questions about the scope of an audit or review, the staff recommended 
that we consider prohibiting the use of such cross-referencing. Several 
commenters on the Concept Release also supported using cross-references 
to reduce repetitive disclosure while recommending that the Commission 
clarify or delineate what information constitutes the set of audited or 
reviewed financial statements.\275\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \274\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation A.2.
    \275\ See Letters from Deloitte & Touche LLP (July 15, 2016); 
CAQ; Ernst & Young 3; PNC; Grant Thornton LLP (July 21, 2016); KPMG; 
PWC; Crowe Horwath LLP (July 21, 2016) (``Crowe Horwath''); and CFA 
Institute.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In most cases, there is no prohibition on cross-referencing to or 
incorporating information from the financial statements to satisfy the 
narrative disclosure requirements of Regulation S-K.\276\ In some cases 
cross-referencing is specifically permitted.\277\ Therefore, although 
we encourage registrants to make use of the disclosure in their 
financial statements to satisfy other disclosure requirements,\278\ we 
are not proposing clarifying amendments to our rules or forms to 
address incorporation by reference from the financial statements at 
this time.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \276\ Although Rule 411 restricts incorporation by reference in 
a prospectus, it does not prohibit cross-references within a 
prospectus. Also, Securities Act forms, such as Forms S-1 and S-3, 
permit incorporation by reference in the prospectus if specified 
conditions are met.
    \277\ See, e.g., Item 101(b) and Item 101(d)(2) of Regulation S-
K [17 CFR 229.101(b) and (d)(2)].
    \278\ For example, disclosure about legal proceedings, 
transactions with related persons and matters relevant to MD&A might 
be disclosed in the financial statements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    By contrast, where financial statements cross-reference or 
incorporate information from outside the financial statements, it can 
raise questions as to the scope of an auditor's responsibilities.\279\ 
To address this concern, we are proposing amendments to our rules and 
forms that would prohibit that type of incorporation by reference or 
cross-referencing.\280\ These amendments would not prohibit cross-
references to other parts of a filing when otherwise specifically 
permitted by our rules.\281\ These amendments would also not prohibit 
incorporating financial information from other filings to satisfy

[[Page 51011]]

financial reporting requirements when otherwise permitted or 
required.\282\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \279\ See supra note 275 and accompanying text.
    \280\ See our proposed amendments to Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, and 
Rule 0-4 and Securities Act Forms S-1, S-3, S-11, and F-1. This 
approach would also avoid the concern raised by one commenter that 
registrants may lose their Securities Act Section 27A [15 U.S.C. 
77z-2] safe harbor by cross-referencing to the body of a periodic 
report within their financial statements. See Letter from General 
Motors. Because Rule 0-6 governs incorporation by reference only for 
applications filed under the Investment Advisers Act, we are not 
proposing to make similar amendments to that rule, but request 
comment on whether the final rule should include such provision.
    \281\ For example, registrants would continue to be permitted to 
include cross-references in the financial statements to information 
outside of the financial statements about segments when that 
information conforms with generally accepted accounting principles. 
See Item 101(b) of Regulation S-K.
    \282\ For example, registrants using Form S-3 would continue to 
be permitted to incorporate financial statements filed with a Form 
8-K that reports the acquisition of a significant business. Also, 
registrants using Form S-4 to report a merger with another 
registrant would continue to be able to incorporate the financial 
statements of the registrant filed on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are also proposing an amendment to Rule 0-4 that, except as 
provided in the Commission's rules, would restrict the incorporation of 
financial information required to be given in comparative form for two 
or more fiscal years or periods unless the information incorporated by 
reference includes the entire period for which the comparative data is 
given.\283\ We are proposing this amendment to provide for consistency 
with similar restrictions under both current and proposed Rule 411 and 
Rule 12b-23 and request comment on whether this amendment is 
appropriate.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \283\ See proposed Rule 0-4(b).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    75. Should we amend our rules or forms to clarify or expand when 
financial statement disclosure may be used to satisfy other disclosure 
requirements? If so, are there particular areas of disclosure that we 
should address?
    76. To clarify the scope of the financial statements and an 
auditor's responsibilities, we have proposed prohibiting registrants 
from incorporating or cross-referencing information outside of the 
financial statements into their financial statements unless otherwise 
specifically permitted or required by the Commission's rules. Is the 
proposed approach appropriate or would an alternative approach better 
achieve this goal? Should we provide other exceptions to the proposed 
rule?
    77. Are the proposed amendments appropriate for investment 
companies? Do investment companies raise special considerations that 
our rules and forms should address? Should we amend Rule 0-6 to provide 
for similar rules regarding the incorporation by reference of financial 
statements into applications under the Investment Advisers Act? Why or 
why not?
d. Other Amendments
    We are also proposing several non-substantive changes to Rule 411, 
Rule 12b-23 and Rule 0-4 to streamline, clarify, and conform these 
rules. One of these proposed changes relates to the current provisions 
governing how financial information from another filing may be 
incorporated by reference.\284\ Rule 12b-23 states that financial 
information incorporated by reference must comply with the requirements 
of the form or report into which it is incorporated. Rule 411 and Rule 
0-4 contain similar language.\285\ These provisions could be read to 
imply that the financial statements must comply with the form on which 
they were originally filed, rather than the form into which they are 
being incorporated. We are proposing to eliminate these provisions 
because all information, not just information incorporated by reference 
or financial information, must comply with the requirements of the form 
in which it is used unless otherwise permitted by rule or statute.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \284\ See Rule 411(b)(2) (discussing the incorporation by 
reference of financial information in the non-prospectus portion of 
a registration statement) and Rule 12b-23(a)(1).
    \285\ Similar language also exists in Rule 8b-23, which we are 
proposing to rescind.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendments would also eliminate several redundant 
provisions in Rule 411 and Rule 12b-23. Rule 411(b) provides that 
information may be incorporated by reference in answer, or partial 
answer, to any item that calls for information not required to be 
included in a prospectus ``subject to the following provisions.'' 
Although presented as conditions to using incorporation by reference, 
the provisions that follow mostly discuss situations where 
incorporation by reference is permitted by other parts of these rules. 
For example, Rule 411(b)(1) states that non-financial information may 
be incorporated by reference to any document in response to the non-
prospectus disclosure requirements in filings under the Securities Act. 
Rule 12b-23(a) contains a similar structure for any item of a 
registration statement or report. Further, Rule 411(b)(3) (for non-
prospectus disclosure requirements) and Rule 12b-23(a)(2) both state 
that incorporating information by reference to other parts of the same 
filing is generally permitted. Incorporation by reference in all of 
these contexts is permitted by the broader provisions of Rule 411(b) 
and Rule 12b-23(a). Accordingly, we are proposing to eliminate 
paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(3) of Rule 411 and paragraph (a)(2) of Rule 
12b[dash]23, as these provisions are unnecessary.
    We are also proposing to move the provisions relating to 
incorporating exhibits by reference from Rule 12b-32 into Rule 12b-23. 
Previously, Regulation C had a bifurcated structure, similar to Rule 
12b-32 and Rule 12b-23, with both Rule 411 and Rule 447 governing the 
incorporation of exhibits by reference for Securities Act filings. Rule 
447 was consolidated into Rule 411 in 1982.\286\ Although Rule 12b-32 
is currently found under the exhibits subheading of Regulation 12B, we 
believe that reducing the number of separate rules governing 
incorporation by reference would simplify compliance. We are not 
proposing any substantive changes to Rule 12b-32.\287\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \286\ See Integrated Disclosure System Adopting Release, supra 
note 69.
    \287\ The proposed amendments would conform the language of Rule 
12b-32 (as incorporated into Rule 12b-23) with similar language 
currently found in Rule 411(c). References to 17 CFR 228.10(f), 
which no longer exists, would be eliminated.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For similar reasons, we are proposing to move the provisions 
relating to incorporating exhibits by reference from Rule 8b-32 into 
Rule 0-4, with one exception.\288\ Under Rule 8b-32(c), an investment 
company may only incorporate by reference into a registration statement 
or report required to be filed electronically an exhibit that was filed 
in electronic format, unless the exhibit was filed in paper under a 
hardship exemption and any required confirming copy has been 
submitted.\289\ Given that EDGAR is now the primary method for the 
filing of investment company registration statements, applications, and 
reports with the Commission and our rules require the filing of 
electronic format copies of paper format documents filed under a 
hardship exemption,\290\ this provision is obsolete, and therefore, we 
are proposing to eliminate it.\291\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \288\ As with the proposed amendments to Rule 12b-23, we are 
proposing to conform the language of paragraphs (a) and (b) of Rule 
8b-32 (as incorporated into Rule 0-4) with similar language 
currently found in Rule 411(c). References to 17 CFR 228.10(f), 
which no longer exists, would similarly be eliminated.
    \289\ See Rule 8b-32(c).
    \290\ See, e.g., Rule 201(b) of Regulation S-T [17 CFR 
232.201(b)], Notes 2 and 3 to Rule 202 of Regulation S-T [17 CFR 
232.202].
    \291\ See paragraph (a)(iv) of Rule 101 of Regulation S-T [17 
CFR 232.101] (specifying the investment company filings required to 
be submitted electronically).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are also proposing additional modifications to Rule 0-4 and Rule 
0-6 to modernize and simplify these rules. First, we are proposing to 
eliminate the requirement that if a certificate of an independent 
public accountant previously or concurrently filed is incorporated by 
reference by an investment company (with respect to the filing of a 
registration statement, application, or report) or an investment 
adviser (with respect to the filing of an application) a written 
consent of the accountant must be filed with the filing.\292\ We note 
that Rule 439 under

[[Page 51012]]

the Securities Act \293\ provides a similar requirement for these types 
of consents for registration statements under the Securities Act. We 
further note that our investment company registration forms do not 
require the filing of these consents where a registration statement or 
amendment is filed only under the Investment Company Act.\294\ We are 
unaware of circumstances under which a consent would be required in 
connection with an investment company report or an application filed by 
an investment company or investment adviser. Therefore, we are 
proposing to eliminate this requirement from Rule 0-4 and Rule 0-6 but 
request comment on whether the final rules should retain it.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \292\ See Rule 0-4(b), Rule 0-6(b).
    \293\ 17 CFR 239.439.
    \294\ See, e.g., General Instruction B.2(b) of Form N-1A.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Second, we are proposing to eliminate the restrictions currently 
contained in Rule 0-4(d) and Rule 0-6(d) on incorporating by reference 
exhibits or financial statements made in certain filings.\295\ Given 
that EDGAR is now the primary method for the filing of registration 
statements and reports with the Commission, and that documents filed on 
EDGAR remain available regardless of whether a filing is withdrawn, 
whether a registration statement ceases to be effective, and whether 
the other circumstances outlined in Rule 0-4(d) and Rule 0-6(d) apply 
to a particular filing, these provisions are no longer necessary.\296\ 
For our regulatory purposes, we do not believe that the restrictions 
are needed. Thus, for the foregoing reasons and for consistency 
purposes, we are proposing to eliminate this provision from Rule 0-4 
and Rule 0-6 but request comment on whether the final rules should 
retain it.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \295\ Specifically, the rules restrict the incorporation by 
reference of exhibits or financial statements which (1) have been 
withdrawn, (2) were filed in connection with certain registration 
statements that have ceased to be effective, (3) are contained in 
filings subject to pending proceedings under (i) Section 8(b) or 
8(d) of the Securities Act, (ii) Section 8(e) of the Investment 
Company Act, (iii) in the case of applications under Rule 0-6, 
Section 203(e)(1) of the Investment Advisers Act, or (iv) orders 
under any of the foregoing, and (4) in the case of investment 
companies, were documents filed in paper and with respect to an 
electronic filer under a temporary hardship exemption under Rule 201 
of Regulation S-T and an electronic copy has not been submitted.
    \296\ As noted earlier, investment advisers register and submit 
some filings to the Commission electronically through IARD.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Finally, we are proposing to eliminate the provisions currently 
contained in Rule 0-4(e) and Rule 0-6(e). These provisions provide that 
the Commission may refuse to permit incorporation by reference in any 
case in which, in the Commission's judgment, such incorporation would 
render a registration statement or report of an investment company or 
an application filed by an investment adviser incomplete, unclear, or 
confusing. Instead, for consistency with proposed Rule 411(e) and 
proposed Rule 12b-23(e), we are proposing to amend Rule 0-4 and Rule 0-
6 to contain a general requirement that information must not be 
incorporated by reference in any case where such information would 
render the disclosure incomplete, unclear, or confusing.\297\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \297\ See proposed Rule 0-4(e), proposed Rule 0-6(b). A 
substantially similar provision exists in current Rule 8b-23(c) 
(which we are proposing to rescind) pertaining to information 
incorporated by reference into an investment company registration 
statement or report.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    78. We are proposing to eliminate several redundant parts of the 
rules that address incorporation by reference. Are those provisions 
helpful to understanding whether and when incorporation by reference is 
permitted? Should we include those provisions in instructions to the 
rules or in other guidance?
    79. Are the proposed amendments appropriate with respect to 
investment companies, or do investment companies raise special 
considerations that our rules should address? For example, should our 
rules maintain the current restriction contained in Rule 8b-32(c) 
regarding exhibits filed as part of registration statements and reports 
required to be filed electronically? Should our rules retain the 
current requirement that a consent be filed where an independent public 
accountant certificate is incorporated by reference? Should our rules 
retain the current prohibitions on incorporating by reference 
information filed as part of certain filings specified in Rule 0-4(d) 
and Rule 0-6(d)? In these cases, should our rules retain the current 
provisions of our rules, or should they be modified in any way? If so, 
how?
    80. Are the proposed amendments to Rule 0-4 and Rule 0-6 sufficient 
to help ensure that information incorporated by reference into a 
registration statement, report, or application does not render the 
disclosure in these documents incomplete, unclear, or confusing? If so, 
should we, as proposed to provide regulatory consistency between 
operating companies on the one hand and investment companies and 
investment advisers on the other, eliminate the current provisions in 
Rule 0-4(e) and Rule 0-6(e) that the Commission may refuse to permit 
incorporation by reference in any case in which in its judgment the 
incorporation would render a registration statement, report, or 
application incomplete, unclear, or confusing? Why or why not? If 
retained, should the provisions be modified in any way, and if so, how?
    81. Are the proposed rules governing incorporation by reference 
under the Investment Company Act or Investment Advisers Act 
sufficiently clear? Should we modify them in any other respect? For 
example, should our rules expressly permit or prohibit information to 
be incorporated into the body of an application?
3. Forms
    Incorporation by reference is also addressed in our forms.\298\ 
Accordingly, we are proposing revisions to several of the Commission's 
forms to implement the proposed amendments discussed above. In addition 
to conforming changes, we are proposing amendments to Form 10, Form 10-
K and Form 20-F to allow registrants to exclude item numbers and 
captions or to create their own captions tailored to their 
disclosure.\299\ The proposed amendments would not affect captions that 
are expressly required by the forms or Regulation S[dash]K. For 
example, Form 10-K and Form 20-F require captions for ``audit fees,'' 
``audit-related fees,'' ``tax fees,'' and ``all other fees.'' 
Regulation S-K requires a caption for ``risk factors.'' \300\ These 
proposed amendments are intended to reduce the use of unnecessary 
cross-references

[[Page 51013]]

when information may be responsive to more than one disclosure item in 
the Exchange Act forms.\301\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \298\ Although, as stated above, Rule 411, Rule 12b-23 and Rule 
12b-32 generally govern incorporation by reference for filings 
subject to Regulation C or Regulation 12B, provisions in the forms 
that cover the same subject matter are controlling. See Rule 400 [17 
CFR 230.400] (stating that the provisions in a form, or an item of 
Regulation S-K referred to in such form, will control when they 
cover the same subject matter as a rule in Regulation C, unless 
otherwise specifically provided in Regulation C) and Rule 12b-1 
(stating that provisions in a form will control when they cover the 
same subject matter as a rule in Regulation 12B).
    \299\ Rule 12b-13 requires registrants to include the numbers 
and captions of all items in these forms. Although provisions in a 
form control when they cover the same subject matter as a rule in 
Regulation 12B, these forms do not contradict Rule 12b-13.
    \300\ The proposed amendments are not intended to change 
instances where the staff has interpreted a requirement to allow for 
a caption to be excluded. See, e.g., Regulation S-K Compliance and 
Disclosure Interpretation 233.02 (discussing the caption called for 
by Item 407(e)(4)). The proposed amendments would also not eliminate 
General Instruction G.4 of Form 10-K, which requires captions when 
the registrant incorporates all of the information in its Form 10-K 
by reference to its annual report to security holders and its 
definitive proxy or information statement. In connection with this 
proposal, we are also proposing to amend Rule 12b-13 to make it 
clearer that the provisions of a form control over the requirements 
of that rule.
    \301\ A commenter recommended amending our rules to include a 
``policy'' on avoidance of duplication that would clarify that a 
registrant is not required to repeat or include cross-references to 
disclosure found elsewhere in a document when responding to specific 
line item requirements; however, we believe amending our forms in 
the manner proposed would provide clearer guidance for registrants. 
See Letter from ABA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    While item numbers and captions are generally not required in the 
prospectus portion of most Securities Act filings, they are required in 
many Exchange Act forms.\302\ Although clear disclosure will often call 
for appropriate headings or captions, the proposed amendments would 
provide registrants with more flexibility in how they present their 
disclosure. Increasing flexibility in this manner may reduce repetitive 
disclosure or unnecessary cross-references when information may be 
responsive to more than one item and thereby enhance the overall 
readability of required disclosures.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \302\ See Securities Act Rule 404 [17 CFR 230.404] and Exchange 
Act Rule 12b-13 [17 CFR 240.12b-13]. Rule 404 does not require the 
numbers or captions of items to be included in a prospectus, but 
does require them for the non-prospectus portion of a registration 
statement. See Rule 404(d).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    82. Should we amend Form 10, Form 10-K, and Form 20-F to eliminate 
the requirements to include most item numbers and captions as proposed? 
Would the proposed amendments to these forms lead to disclosure that is 
less clear or less comparable across registrants? Under the proposed 
amendments, a few required captions would remain, such as the caption 
for ``risk factors'' and the captions required by General Instructions 
G.4 of Form 10-K.\303\ Should we retain these requirements, or should 
they also be eliminated?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \303\ See supra note 300 and accompanying text.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    83. Would increasing flexibility in how the disclosure in Form 10, 
Form 10-K, and Form 20-F is presented lead to less repetitive 
disclosure? Should we eliminate the requirements to include item 
numbers and captions in other forms, such as in Part II of Form 10-Q or 
in Form 8-K?
    84. In addition to or in lieu of eliminating the requirements for 
most item numbers and captions, should we amend our rules to provide 
guidance on the use of cross-references, as suggested by one commenter? 
\304\ If so, how should the guidance discourage excessive cross-
referencing while acknowledging that some cross-references may be 
necessary to provide clear disclosure? Should the cross-referencing 
guidance differ based on the nature of the document or the disclosure? 
For example, should the guidance treat a prospectus differently from a 
Form 10-K filing, or treat information in the financial statements 
differently from narrative disclosure?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \304\ See Letter from ABA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    85. The proposed amendments would not alter the general rule that a 
prospectus may not incorporate information by reference unless 
permitted by the appropriate form. Our forms, however, typically 
provide registrants with significant latitude to incorporate 
information by reference when specified conditions are met.\305\ Should 
we change the information that may be incorporated by reference into a 
prospectus under any of our forms? If so, which information, and why?
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \305\ For example, subject to certain conditions, Form S-1 
allows registrants to incorporate information by reference in most 
of the items of Part I--Information Required in Prospectus. See 
General Instruction VII and Item 12 of Form S-1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

G. Manner of Delivery 306
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \306\ After consideration of the staff's recommendation G.2. in 
the FAST Act Report, we are not, at this time, proposing to require 
the use of external hyperlinks whenever our rules call for the 
inclusion of an internet address. In the FAST Act Report, the staff 
recommended requiring external hyperlinks provided that the 
appropriate technology is available to prevent these hyperlinks from 
jeopardizing the security and integrity of the EDGAR system. See 
FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at n.15.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Tagging Cover Page Data
    Currently, operating company registrants are required to file their 
financial statements as an exhibit in a machine-readable format using 
eXtensible Business Reporting Language (``XBRL'').\307\ This disclosure 
is required as an exhibit to periodic reports and Securities Act 
registration statements, including reports on Form 8-K or Form 6-K that 
contain revised or updated financial statements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \307\ For domestic disclosure forms, the XBRL data-tagging 
requirements are imposed through Item 601(b)(101) of Regulation S-K 
and Rule 405(b) of Regulation S-T. See Item 601(b)(101) of 
Regulation S-K and Rule 405(b) of Regulation S-T [17 CFR 
232.405(b)]. For foreign disclosure forms, analogous XBRL tagging 
requirements are included in the instructions to the relevant forms. 
See, e.g., paragraphs 100 and 101 of the Instructions to Exhibits to 
Form 20-F.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Registrants must also tag in XBRL a specific group of data points 
that appears on the cover page of the filing. These specific data 
points, which are tagged according to Regulation S-T and the EDGAR 
Filer Manual, are known as document and entity identifier elements 
(``DEIs'') and include, among others, form type, company name, filer 
size, and public float.\308\ This information corresponds to some, but 
not all, of the information that registrants are required to include on 
the filing cover page. For example, the Form 10[dash]K cover page 
contains approximately 25 data points. Less than half of those data 
points are currently required to be tagged in XBRL. The non-tagged data 
points include, among others, the exchange on which securities are 
registered and the state (or jurisdiction) of incorporation.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \308\ See Rule 405 of Regulation S-T [17 CFR 232.405]; See also 
Interactive Data to Improve Financial Reporting, Release No. 33-9002 
(Jan. 30, 2009) [74 FR 15666] (discussing the requirement to tag 
document and entity identifier elements, such as form type, company 
name, and public float, according to Regulation S-T and the EDGAR 
Filer Manual).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the FAST Act Report, the staff recommended that the Commission 
consider requiring operating company registrants to tag in XBRL all the 
data points on the cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 
20-F, and Form 40-F. The staff also recommended that the Commission 
consider revising the cover page of these forms to include the trading 
symbol for each class of securities registered under the Exchange Act 
and require registrants to format this additional data point in 
XBRL.\309\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \309\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendations G.1.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are proposing amendments to require all of the information on 
the cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 20-F, and Form 
40-F to be tagged in Inline XBRL in accordance with the EDGAR Filer 
Manual. Under the proposed amendments, the cover page data would appear 
in HTML format with embedded XBRL data. We recently proposed to require 
the use of the Inline XBRL format, where XBRL data is embedded into an 
HTML document, instead of the traditional XBRL format \310\ for the 
submission of operating company financial statements.\311\ We intend 
for

[[Page 51014]]

the cover page data to be tagged in the same format as this other 
information. Therefore, if the Inline XBRL proposal is not adopted, we 
are proposing, as an alternative, to require operating company filers 
to tag each cover page data point in an XBRL exhibit to the relevant 
filing.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \310\ In the traditional XBRL format currently required for 
financial statements, none of the registrant's XBRL data is embedded 
into an HTML document. Instead, an exhibit containing all XBRL data 
is filed with the relevant form. Inline XBRL allows filers to embed 
XBRL data directly into an HTML document, eliminating the need to 
tag a copy of the information in a separate document.
    \311\ See Inline XBRL Filing of Tagged Data, Release No. 33-
10323 (Mar. 1, 2017) [82 FR 14282 (Mar. 17, 2017)] (``Inline XBRL 
Proposing Release''). As part of the proposal, we also proposed to 
require the use of Inline XBRL format for the submission of mutual 
fund risk/return summary information. See also Order Granting 
Limited and Conditional Exemption Under Section 36(a) of the 
Securities Exchange Act of 1934 from Compliance with Interactive 
Data File Exhibit Requirement in Forms 6-K, 8-K, 10-Q, 10-K, 20-F 
and 40-F to Facilitate Inline Filing of Tagged Financial Data, 
Release No. 34-78041 (Jun. 13, 2016) [81 FR 39741 (June 17, 2016)] 
(exercising exemptive authority ``to permit, but not require, 
operating companies to use Inline XBRL in their periodic and current 
reports under the Exchange Act through March 2020'').
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    To implement the cover page tagging requirements, we propose to add 
new Rule 406 to Regulation S-T, new Item 601(b)(104) to Regulation S-K, 
new paragraph 104 to the ``Instructions as to Exhibits'' of Form 20-F 
and new paragraph B.17 to the ``General Instructions'' of Form 40-F to 
require registrants to file with each of the specified forms a ``Cover 
Page Interactive Data File.'' Under the proposed amendments, 
registrants filing Form 20-F and Form 40-F would be required to tag 
cover page data only when those forms are used as annual reports. The 
proposed amendments would not apply to Form 20-F and Form 40-F when 
used as registration statements. We are also proposing to revise Rule 
11 of Regulation S-T to add the term ``Cover Page Interactive Data 
File.'' The term would be defined as the machine readable computer code 
that presents the information required by Rule 406 of Regulation S-T in 
Inline XBRL format.
    We believe that the proposal to require mandatory tagging of all 
data points on the cover pages of the specified forms would allow 
investors to automate their use of this information. This would enhance 
their ability to identify, count, sort, and analyze registrants and 
disclosures to the extent these data points otherwise would be 
formatted solely in ASCII or HTML. At the same time, we do not expect 
the incremental compliance burden associated with tagging the 
additional cover page information to be significant, given that 
registrants already are required to tag some of this information as 
well as information in their financial statements. We therefore believe 
that the enhanced comparability and usability of these proposed 
disclosures would justify the burden of requiring registrants to tag 
the additional data and would help to modernize our disclosure system 
in a manner consistent with the FAST Act mandate.
    We are also proposing amendments to the cover pages of these forms 
to include the trading symbol for each class of registered 
securities.\312\ Because the cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 20-F, and 
Form 40-F already require disclosure of the title of each class of 
securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act and 
each exchange on which they are registered, our proposed amendments to 
these forms would revise the cover page to include a corresponding 
field for the trading symbol. Unlike Form 10-K, Form 20-F, and Form 40-
F, however, the cover pages of Form 10-Q and Form 8-K do not currently 
require disclosure of the title of each class of securities and each 
exchange on which they are registered. Accordingly, to ensure that 
registrants and their registered securities are identified in a 
consistent manner across forms, we are proposing to revise the cover 
pages of Form 10-Q and Form 8-K to include this disclosure in addition 
to the trading symbol.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \312\ In the Disclosure Update and Simplification Proposing 
Release, we have proposed to amend Item 201(a) to also require 
disclosure of the trading symbol(s) for each class of a registrant's 
common equity. See Disclosure Update and Simplification Proposing 
Release, supra note 13, at 51637.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Requiring the disclosure of trading symbols on the cover pages of 
periodic reports would facilitate investors' efforts to search news 
websites and stock market databases for information about registrants 
and distinguish among similarly named companies. Further, we believe 
that requiring the tagging of trading symbols would allow investors to 
sort and compare filings and disclosures more easily and accurately.
Request for Comment
    86. Should we require as proposed, all of the information on the 
cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 20-F, and Form 40-F 
to be tagged in Inline XBRL? Should the proposed cover page tagging 
requirement apply to any other forms (e.g., Form 6-K)?
    87. Should we amend the cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 20-F, and 
Form 40-F to include the trading symbol for each class of registered 
securities as proposed? Should we also revise the cover pages of Form 
10-Q and Form 8-K as proposed, to include the title, trading symbol and 
exchange of each class of registered securities?
    88. Under the proposed amendments, Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, 
Form 20-F, and Form 40-F would require each registrant to identify on 
the cover page of those forms the exchange on which each class of 
securities is registered. The proposed amendments to Item 501(b)(4) 
would require each registrant to identify on the cover page of the 
prospectus its principal U.S. market or markets for the securities 
being offered. Should we reconcile these differing cover page 
disclosures? If so, how?
    89. If we do not adopt Inline XBRL for the submission of operating 
company financial statements, should we instead require the cover page 
data to be tagged using traditional XBRL format?
    90. Instead of requiring the cover page data to be tagged using 
Inline XBRL or traditional XBRL format, should we require the cover 
page data to be submitted using an XML format? Why or why not?
    91. Are there any changes we should make to the proposed amendments 
to better ensure accurate and consistent tagging? If so, which changes 
should we make and why?
    92. Are there any disclosures discussed in this release that we 
should require to be provided in a structured format? For example, 
should we require the use of structured data within Item 303(a) to 
facilitate readability and navigability of this disclosure for 
investors? Are there specific elements of Item 303(a) disclosure, such 
as the table of contractual obligations, which should be provided in a 
machine-readable structured data format? Would it be useful to 
investors to require registrants to provide any of the property 
disclosures under Item 102 in a machine-readable format, such as 
geospatial coordinates? To the extent that we consider additional 
structured data requirements in periodic reports, what level and type 
of structured data requirements would be appropriate? For example, 
should we require registrants to identify sections, subsections or 
topics with ``block text'' labels, or should we require registrants to 
structure numeric elements and tables individually? What would be the 
challenges and costs of such an approach? What would be the benefits?
2. Exhibit Hyperlinks and HTML Format for Investment Companies
    As discussed above, the Commission recently adopted rules requiring 
hyperlinks to most exhibits filed pursuant to Item 601, Form F-10, and 
Form 20-F, and, to accommodate hyperlinks, those filings will be 
required to be made in HTML.\313\ In this release, we are proposing 
parallel amendments to certain of our forms that are used by investment 
companies and amendments to Rule 102 \314\ of Regulation S-T to apply 
similar hyperlinking and HTML requirements to those registrants to 
facilitate access to these exhibits for investors and other users of 
the information.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \313\ See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14 at 
14130.
    \314\ 17 CFR 232.102.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 51015]]

    Under the proposed amendments, affected registrants would be 
required to include a hyperlink to each exhibit identified in a 
filing's exhibit index, unless the exhibit is filed in paper pursuant 
to a temporary or continuing hardship exemption under Rule 201 or Rule 
202 of Regulation S[dash]T, or pursuant to Rule 311 of Regulation S-
T.\315\ This requirement would apply to registration statements on Form 
S-6, Form N-1A, Form N-2, Form N-3, Form N-4, Form N-5, Form N-6, and 
Form N-14 and to reports on Form N-CSR.\316\ Consistent with our rules 
for operating companies, we are not proposing to require registrants to 
refile electronically any exhibits filed only in paper.\317\ Under the 
proposed amendments, an electronic filer would also be required to 
correct an inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink to an 
exhibit.\318\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \315\ As with the rules for operating companies, the proposed 
rules for investment companies would exclude any XBRL exhibits. See 
id. at 14133.
    \316\ See proposed Instructions as to Exhibits of Form S-6; 
proposed Instruction to Item 28 of Form N-1A; proposed Instruction 4 
to Item 25.2 of Form N-2; proposed Instruction 3 to Item 29(b) of 
Form N-3; proposed Instruction 3 to Item 24(b) of Form N-4; proposed 
Instructions as to Exhibits of Form N-5; proposed Item 26 of Form N-
6; proposed Instruction to Item 16 of Form N-14; proposed 
Instruction to Item 12 of Form N-CSR. We are also proposing to amend 
Forms N-3 and N-14 to clarify that Rule 303 of Regulation S-T 
applies to registration statements on Forms N-3 and N-14 that are 
electronically filed. See proposed General Instruction G to Form N-
3; proposed Instruction to Item 16 of Form N-14.
    \317\ See Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14, at 
14133.
    \318\ 17 CFR 232.105(d)(2). In the case of a registration 
statement that is not yet effective, the filer would be required to 
file an amendment to the registration statement containing the 
inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink. In the case of a 
report on Form N-CSR, the filer would be required to correct the 
inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink in its next report on 
Form N-CSR. In the case of a registration statement on Form S-6, 
Form N-14, Form N-5, Form N-1A, Form N-2, Form N-3, Form N-4, or 
Form N-6 that has become effective, the filer would be required to 
correct an inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink in the 
next post-effective amendment, if any, to the registration 
statement. Alternatively, an electronic filer may correct an 
inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink in a registration 
statement that has become effective by filing a post-effective 
amendment to the registration statement. Id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In connection with the proposed exhibit hyperlinking requirements, 
we are also proposing amendments to Rule 105 of Regulation S[dash]T to 
require investment company registrants to file registration statements 
and reports that include exhibits in HTML format. Currently, investment 
company registrants must submit electronic filings to the Commission 
using the EDGAR system in either ASCII format or HTML format. Because 
the ASCII format does not support hyperlink functionality, the exhibit 
hyperlinking requirement would be feasible only if registrants are 
required to file in HTML. Under the proposed requirement, registrants 
would be required to file registration statements and reports on Form 
S-6,\319\ Form N-1A,\320\ Form N-2,\321\ Form N-3,\322\ Form N-4,\323\ 
Form N-5,\324\ Form N-6,\325\ Form N-14, and Form N-CSR \326\ in HTML 
format. While the affected registration statements and reports would be 
required to be filed in HTML pursuant to the proposed amendments to 
Rule 105, registrants would continue to be permitted to file in ASCII 
any schedules or forms that are not subject to the exhibit filing 
requirements, such as proxy statements, or other documents included 
with a filing, such as an exhibit.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \319\ 17 CFR 239.16.
    \320\ 17 CFR 239.15A and 17 CFR 274.11A.
    \321\ 17 CFR 239.14 and 17 CFR 274.11a-1.
    \322\ 17 CFR 239.17a and 17 CFR 274.11b.
    \323\ 17 CFR 239.17b and 17 CFR 274.11c.
    \324\ 17 CFR 239.24 and 17 CFR 274.5.
    \325\ 17 CFR 239.17c and 17 CFR 274.11d.
    \326\ 17 CFR 249.331 and 17 CFR 274.128.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Request for Comment
    93. Should we require investment company registrants to include 
hyperlinks in the exhibit index for registration statements and reports 
as proposed? Should we amend Rule 105 of Regulation S[dash]T to require 
investment company registrants to file registration statements and 
reports that include exhibits in HTML format as proposed?
    94. Should we revise any additional forms to require exhibit 
hyperlinks? For example, should we revise a form to require exhibit 
hyperlinks even though all exhibits filed with this form will be 
attached to it?
    95. Should we require, as proposed, that electronic filers correct 
an inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink? If so, when should 
the correction be required to be filed?
    96. Should we require registrants to refile electronically any 
exhibit previously filed in paper so that they can include a hyperlink 
in the exhibit index?
    97. What compliance date would be appropriate for investment 
companies to begin filing in HTML format? Should the compliance date be 
the same for all affected investment companies, or should we 
distinguish between larger and smaller investment companies, for 
example, by providing an extended compliance date for smaller entities? 
If we provide an extended compliance date for smaller entities, what 
additional compliance period would be necessary and how should we 
define those smaller entities? For example, should we define smaller 
investment companies for these purposes as investment companies that, 
together with other investment companies in the same group of related 
investment companies have net assets of less than $1 billion as of the 
end of the most recent fiscal year of the investment company?

H. General Request for Comment

    We request and encourage any interested person to submit comments 
regarding the proposed amendments, specific issues discussed in this 
release and other matters that may have an effect on the proposals. We 
note that comments that are accompanied by supporting data and analysis 
are of particular assistance to us.

III. Economic Analysis

    We are mindful of the costs and benefits of our rules. Section 2(b) 
of the Securities Act, Section 3(f) of the Exchange Act, Section 2(c) 
of the Investment Company Act, and Section 202(c) of the Investment 
Advisers Act require us, when engaging in rulemaking that requires us 
to consider or determine whether an action is necessary or appropriate 
in (or, with respect to the Investment Company Act, consistent with) 
the public interest, to consider, in addition to the protection of 
investors, whether the action will promote efficiency, competition, and 
capital formation.\327\ Additionally, Exchange Act Section 23(a)(2) 
requires us, when adopting rules under the Exchange Act, to consider, 
among other things, the impact that any new rule would have on 
competition and not to adopt any rule that would impose a burden on 
competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the 
Exchange Act.\328\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \327\ 15 U.S.C. 77b(b), 15 U.S.C. 78c(f), 15 U.S.C. 80a-2(c), 
and 15 U.S.C. 80b-2(c).
    \328\ 15 U.S.C. 78w(a)(2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In this release, we are proposing amendments to simplify and 
modernize disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K and related rules 
and forms as required by Section 72003 of the FAST Act.\329\ The 
proposed amendments are based on the staff's recommendations in the 
FAST Act Report. The FAST Act Report was tailored to the statutory 
mandate of providing specific and detailed recommendations on 
modernizing and simplifying Regulation S-K in a manner that reduces 
costs and burdens on registrants while still providing all material 
information. As discussed above, the proposed amendments reflect the 
input of public commenters as well as the Commission's experience with

[[Page 51016]]

Regulation S-K arising from the Division of Corporation Finance's 
disclosure review program. To promote consistency, we are also 
proposing parallel amendments to certain rules and forms applicable to 
investment companies and investment advisers, including proposed 
amendments that would require certain investment company filings to be 
submitted in HTML format.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \329\ Public Law 114-94, Sec. 72003, 129 Stat. 1312 (2015).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

A. Background

1. The Benefits of Information Disclosure
    The primary purpose of disclosure under the federal securities laws 
is to provide investors with the information they need to make informed 
investment and voting decisions. The separation of ownership and 
management typically prevents investors from directly observing many 
managerial decisions and requires them to rely on financial and 
qualitative disclosures for information. Absent regulation, managers 
may lack incentives to voluntarily disclose or standardize relevant 
information. As a result, in the absence of disclosure requirements, an 
information asymmetry often exists between managers and investors that 
limits the ability of investors to distinguish between well-run and 
poorly-run companies and can lead to under-supply and inefficient 
allocation of capital.\330\ A disclosure regime that facilitates the 
disclosure of material, reliable information can reduce informational 
asymmetries between managers of companies and investors, which can 
enhance capital formation and the allocative efficiency of the capital 
markets.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \330\ See, Akerlof, George A., The Market for ``Lemons'': 
Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism, 84 Q. J. ECON. 488-500 
(1970).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Materiality is a key principle of public company reporting.\331\ 
Efforts to make disclosures more effective typically focus on 
evaluating whether existing or proposed disclosures provide material 
information to those using the disclosures. Material disclosures can 
reduce information asymmetries between managers of companies and 
investors, decrease the cost of capital, and lead to more efficient 
share prices and heightened accountability of the managers of 
companies.\332\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \331\ See Report of the Advisory Committee on Corporate 
Disclosure to the Securities and Exchange Commission, Cmte. Print 
95-29, House Cmte. On Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 95th Cong., 
1st. Sess. (Nov. 3, 1977), at 320. available at http://opc-ad-ils/
InmagicGenie/DocumentFolder/
report%20of%20the%20advisory%20committee%20on%20corporate%20disclosur
e%20to%20the%20sec%2011011977.pdf.
    \332\ See Br[uuml]ggemann, Ulf and Kaul, Aditya and Leuz, 
Christian and Werner, Ingrid M., The Twilight Zone: OTC Regulatory 
Regimes and Market Quality (June 14, 2017). IGM Working Paper #95; 
Fisher College of Business Working Paper No. 2013-03-09; European 
Corporate Governance Institute (ECGI)--Law Working Paper No. 224/
2013; Charles A. Dice Center Working Paper No. 2013-09. Available at 
SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2290492 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2290492.
    See also C. Leuz and P. Wysocki, 2016, The Economics of 
Disclosure and Financial Reporting Regulation: Evidence and 
Suggestions for Future Research, Journal of Accounting Research Vol. 
54, 525-622 and M. Lang, K. Lins, and M. Maffett. Transparency, 
Liquidity, and Valuation: International Evidence on When 
Transparency Matters Most, Journal of Accounting Research 50 (2012): 
729-774.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. The Costs of Disclosure
    Although disclosure requirements benefit investors and financial 
markets, there are potential drawbacks associated with these 
requirements. For example, disclosure can be costly for registrants to 
produce and disclosure of sensitive information can result in 
competitive disadvantages.
    Disclosure of information that is unnecessary or that may not be 
material also entails costs to investors, if it affects their ability 
to discern material information effectively. While material disclosures 
provide important information to investors about their investments, 
sorting through information that is unnecessary or not material can 
obscure material information that investors find useful. Consistent 
with this view, research has found that attention to one subject 
generally leaves less attention available for others.\333\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \333\ See Pashler, H.E., The Psychology of Board: Attention 
(Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 1998) and Hirshleifer, David & Siew Hong 
Teoh, Limited attention, information disclosure, and financial 
reporting, 36 J. Acct. & Econ. 337-386 (2003).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    In the economic analysis that follows, we first examine the current 
regulatory and economic landscape that forms the baseline for our 
analysis. We then analyze the likely economic effects arising from the 
proposed amendments relative to that baseline. These economic effects 
include the costs and benefits and impact on efficiency, competition, 
and capital formation.

B. Baseline

    To assess the economic effect of the proposed amendments, we are 
using as our baseline the current state of the Commission's filing and 
disclosure regime. In characterizing the baseline, it is useful to 
distinguish between operating companies and investment companies. 
Although both types of registrants are subject to similar registration 
and reporting requirements, there are differences in the specific rules 
and forms applicable to each. In particular, on March 1, 2017, the 
Commission adopted amendments requiring registrants that file 
registration statements and reports subject to the exhibit requirements 
under Item 601 of Regulation S-K, or that file Form F-10 or Form 20-F, 
(i.e., operating companies) to submit these filings in HTML format and 
to include a hyperlink to each exhibit listed in the exhibit index of 
these filings.\334\ In contrast, there is currently no comparable 
requirement for investment companies; however, this proposal includes 
amendments to a set of forms under the Investment Company Act that 
would apply HTML and hyperlinking requirements to filers of those 
forms.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \334\ While compliance with these rules was required by 
September 1, 2017, smaller reporting companies, as well as 
registrants that are neither accelerated filers nor large 
accelerated filers, are not required to comply until September 1, 
2018. Although these registrants are not yet required to comply with 
the exhibit hyperlinks and HTML rules, we are treating these rules 
as part of the baseline for all filers subject to Regulation S-K.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    For operating companies, the baseline includes the disclosure 
requirements in Regulation S-K and related rules and forms as well as 
Commission and staff guidance on the application of those requirements. 
Table 1 below suggests that the proposed amendments to Regulation S-K 
and related rules and forms would apply to a substantial number of 
operating companies. On average, 7,800 different registrants per year 
have filed periodic reports on Form 10-K and Form 10-Q in recent years. 
As shown in the table below, approximately 800 foreign private issuers 
provided periodic information to investors in the U.S. capital markets 
using Form 20-F and Form 40-F. The number of registrants filing 
definitive proxy statements on Schedule 14A has exceeded 5,000 each 
year.\335\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \335\ We note that, in addition to operating companies, 
registered investment companies file proxy statements as well.

[[Page 51017]]



                  Table 1--Number of Registrants Filing Various Disclosure Forms From 2012-2016
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Year                     10-K            10-Q            20-F            40-F           DEF 14A
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2012............................            8240            8381             712             153            5371
2013............................            7898            8031             690             145            5382
2014............................            7857            7872             669             143            5259
2015............................            7767            7676             687             131            5390
2016............................            7373            7147             675             126            5126
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed above, investment companies that file certain forms 
required by the Investment Company Act would also be affected by the 
proposed amendments. Table 2 below lists the number of filings filed by 
investment companies in fiscal year 2016 using EDGAR submission types 
potentially affected by the proposed amendments, broken out by the 
number of filings in HTML and ASCII format. From January 1, 2016 to 
December 31, 2016, investment companies filed 64,522 filings using 
EDGAR submission types potentially affected by the proposed amendments. 
Of these filings, the vast majority (58,429) were filed in HTML, while 
fewer than ten percent (6,093) were filed in ASCII format. As shown in 
Table 2, most of the filers had substantially more HTML filings than 
ASCII filings, while the Form S-6 filers had more ASCII filings than 
HTML filings in 2016.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \336\ The figures in this table are presented on the basis of 
filer type, not on the basis of the form on which the document was 
filed. Therefore, not all of the filings presented in the table 
would be subject to the proposed requirements.

 Table 2--Number of Potentially Affected Filings From January 1, 2016 to
                           December 2016 \336\
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Number of    Number of
                                                    HTML        ASCII
                                                  Filings      Filings
------------------------------------------------------------------------
N-1A Filers...................................       48,150        1,280
N-2 Filers....................................        2,965           77
N-3 Filers....................................           42            6
N-4 Filers....................................        5,247          758
N-6 Filers....................................        1,549          245
S-6 Filers....................................          476        3,727
                                               -------------------------
  Total.......................................       58,429        6,093
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendments would require registrants to include 
hyperlinks in the case of exhibits included with the forms and exhibits 
that are incorporated by reference from a previously filed document. To 
draw a baseline indicative of current disclosure practices, we selected 
a random sample of 400 filings (359 in HTML and 41 in ASCII) submitted 
in 2016 that may be affected by the proposed amendments. Table 3 below 
shows the average and median number of exhibits listed in the sampled 
filings by the type of exhibit (i.e., filed with the form vs. 
incorporated by reference).

                                                  Table 3--Number of Exhibits in Sampled Filings \337\
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           Number of exhibits listed in    Number of exhibits filed with        Number of exhibits
                                                     the index                      the filing               incorporated by reference       Number of
                                         ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------     sampled
                                              Average         Median          Average         Median          Average         Median          filings
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
N-1A....................................             5.8               0             0.6               0             5.2               0             267
N-2.....................................             7.4               2             2.1               2             5.0               0              21
N-3.....................................               0               0               0               0               0               0               1
N-4.....................................            13.6               0             0.7               0            12.9               0              31
N-6.....................................            11.1               0             0.8               0            10.3               0              11
N-14....................................            38.0            38.5             1.5               1            36.5            37.0               6
N-CSR...................................             2.3               3             1.9               0             0.1               0              43
S-6.....................................              36              36             5.0             5.0            31.0            31.0              30
                                         ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    All Filings.........................             6.7             N/A             0.9             N/A             5.8             N/A             400
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Table 3 shows a significant variation in the number of exhibits 
listed in the exhibit index across different types of filings. 
Registration statements on Form N-4, Form N-14, and Form S-6 typically 
contain a large number of exhibits and had significantly more exhibits 
incorporated by reference than filings on other forms affected by the 
proposed amendments. Of the 400 sampled filings, we found that none of 
them included hyperlinked indexes.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \337\ In counting the number of exhibits, we did not include the 
following exhibits: 101.INS XBRL Instance Taxonomy; 101.SCH XBRL 
Taxonomy Extension Schema Document; 101.CAL XBRL Taxonomy Extension 
Calculation Linkbase Document; 101.DEF XBRL Taxonomy Extension 
Definition Linkbase Document; 101.LAB XBRL Taxonomy Extension Labels 
Linkbase Document; and 101.PRE XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation 
Linkbase Document because XBRL exhibits are not covered by the 
proposal.
    Average represents the sum of the number of exhibits divided by 
the number of sampled forms for each form type. Median represents 
the middle number of exhibits for each form type when the numbers of 
exhibits are listed from the smallest to the largest. For instance, 
for Form N-2, the number of exhibits listed in the index ranged from 
0 to 55, with 2 as the middle number.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    As discussed above, disclosure requirements involve trade-offs 
between benefits to investors in terms of reducing information 
asymmetries and costs to registrants associated with producing 
disclosure. While the proposed amendments would apply to all 
registrants subject to the regulation, the trade-offs between the costs 
and benefits of disclosure requirements would vary across different 
types of registrants. For example, smaller companies typically have 
proportionately higher disclosure costs as well as proportionately 
higher disclosure benefits.\338\ That is, the fixed costs of disclosure 
requirements typically constitute a higher percentage of revenues for 
smaller companies than

[[Page 51018]]

for larger companies. However, the benefits of disclosure may be 
greater for smaller companies because information asymmetries between 
investors and managers of smaller companies are typically higher than 
for larger, more seasoned companies with a large following.\339\ 
Compliance costs could be also higher for foreign registrants to the 
extent that the disclosure requirements in the United States are 
different from the disclosure requirements in their home countries.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \338\ In its 2015 proposing release to amend the definition of 
``smaller reporting company,'' the Commission observed that, based 
on a review of filings, approximately 42% of registrants qualified 
as smaller reporting companies. See Amendments to Smaller Reporting 
Company Definition, Release No. 33-10107 (Jun. 27, 2017) [81 FR 
43130 (Jul. 1, 2016)], available at https://www.sec.gov/rules/proposed/2016/33-10107.pdf.
    \339\ See, e.g., R. Frankel and X. Li, Characteristics of a 
firm's information environment and the information asymmetry between 
insiders and outsiders, 37 J. Acct. Econ. 229, 229-259 (June 2004). 
See also, L. Cheng, S. Liao, and H. Zhang, The Commitment Effect 
versus Information Effect of Disclosure--Evidence from Smaller 
Reporting Companies, 88 Acct. Rev. 1239, 1239-1263 (2013).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

C. Economic Analysis of the Proposed Amendments: General Assessment, 
Including Impact on Efficiency, Competition, and Capital Formation

    In this subsection, we evaluate the broad economic effects of the 
proposed amendments, including a discussion of their impact on 
efficiency, competition, and capital formation. The proposals amend a 
well-established and robust disclosure regime that has existed for many 
years. As a result, we expect the aggregate impact of the proposed 
amendments to be incremental to the effects that have already been 
realized from the existing disclosure regime.
    As discussed above, disclosure provides benefits to participants in 
financial markets by reducing information asymmetries that exist 
between investors in a company and managers tasked with operating the 
company. Both registrants and investors alike would generally benefit 
from the proposed amendments, because they would simplify the 
requirements and resulting content of existing disclosures while still 
providing all material information. The proposed changes to the 
requirements and resulting improved presentation are expected to 
increase the usefulness of the disclosures for investors and generally 
lower the regulatory burden (and compliance costs) for registrants. In 
addition, the improved information environment associated with 
modernized and simplified disclosures is expected to incrementally 
enhance capital formation and the allocative efficiency of the capital 
markets through more accurate share prices, better accountability of 
managers and increased capital market liquidity.
    We expect some of the proposed amendments to entail modest initial 
implementation costs. However, we believe that the initial costs would 
be in manageable amounts. Furthermore, those costs would be offset by 
future savings as a result of simplified and streamlined disclosure 
requirements, after implementation. Some of the proposed amendments, 
such as those that impose new data tagging, hyperlinking, or disclosure 
requirements, would involve not only implementation costs but would 
also increase compliance costs for registrants going forward, although 
as discussed below, we do not expect these additional costs to be 
significant.
    While the purpose of the proposed amendments is to simplify and 
modernize public company disclosure requirements without loss of 
material information, we acknowledge that the proposed amendments could 
result in a loss of some information in specific cases, as discussed 
below. This loss of information could potentially increase information 
asymmetry in those cases, which may have negative implications for 
investor protection, market transparency, efficiency, and capital 
formation. In turn, such loss of information could raise the firm's 
cost of capital.\340\ However, we believe this potential adverse effect 
would be mitigated by the fact that registrants will continue to be 
required to provide further material information, if any, as may be 
necessary to make the required statements, in the light of the 
circumstances under which they are made, not misleading.\341\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \340\ See Easley, D., Hvidkjaer, S., & M. O'Hara, Is information 
risk a determinant of asset returns? 57 J. Finance. 2185-2221 
(2002).
    \341\ See Rule 12b-20 [17 CFR 240.12b-20] and Rule 408(a) [17 
CFR 230.408(a)].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. Economic Analysis of the Specific Amendments: Proposals That Clarify 
and Update Existing Rules

1. Proposals That Clarify or Streamline a Rule's Requirements
a. Description of Property (Item 102)
    Item 102 requires disclosure of the location and general character 
of the principal plants, mines, and other materially important physical 
properties of the registrant and its subsidiaries. The staff has 
observed, however, that the item may elicit disclosure that is not 
material.\342\ The proposed amendments to Item 102 would clarify that a 
description of property is required only to the extent physical 
properties are material to the registrant and make other clarifying 
amendments.\343\ The proposed amendments would not modify the Item 102 
requirements for companies in the mining, real estate, and oil and gas 
industries.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \342\ See FAST Act Report, supra note 2, at Recommendation B.1. 
See also Concept Release, supra note 6, at Section IV.A.6.b and SEC 
Staff's Report of the Task Force on Disclosure Simplification (Mar. 
5, 1996) available at https://www.sec.gov/news/studies/smpl.htm.
    \343\ See Section II.A (Description of Property).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The main benefit of the proposed amendments would be to reduce the 
amount of duplicative disclosure that is not material by emphasizing 
materiality and harmonizing the rule's thresholds for disclosure. The 
proposed amendments also could facilitate compliance and avoid any 
confusion associated with different disclosure standards. The aggregate 
reduction in regulatory burden due to the proposed amendments to Item 
102 may extend to approximately 6,500 registrants.\344\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \344\ We derive this number by taking the average number of 
registrants filing annual reports as reported in Table 1 and 
excluding all companies in the mining, oil and natural gas, and real 
estate industries.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    When Item 102 was originally adopted, registrants were more likely 
to maintain large physical properties and other assets, such as mines 
and manufacturing plants.\345\ However, the nature of enterprise has 
changed dramatically over the last thirty years. Currently, many of the 
largest and most profitable firms operate in the services and 
technology industries that are often not characterized by large 
physical assets. Nevertheless, many modern firms are highly 
geographically dispersed. As a consequence, information about the 
geographic operations of these companies--including information about 
the location of physical properties--could be highly relevant for 
investors by providing information about important firm customers and 
employees. We expect that any risk of exclusion of relevant information 
under the proposed amendment would be minimal, because Item 102 
explicitly solicits the disclosure of material information. This risk 
is further mitigated by the fact that registrants may disclose relevant 
property information elsewhere in their filings, such as in response to 
Item 101 (Description of Business).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \345\ Since 1935, we have required disclosure similar to that 
required under Item 102. See Release No. 33-276 (January 14, 1935) 
[not published in the Federal Register].
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

b. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and 
Results of Operations (Item 303)
    We are proposing a series of amendments to Item 303. In this 
subsection, we discuss all amendments to Item 303 that are intended to 
clarify the rule's requirements, while in

[[Page 51019]]

Subsection E.1 below, we discuss proposals intended to amend the 
content of MD&A. Instruction 1 to Item 303(a) provides that, generally, 
MD&A shall cover the three-year period covered by the financial 
statements and either use year-to-year comparisons or any other formats 
that in the registrant's judgment would enhance a reader's 
understanding. Additionally, the instruction states that reference to 
the five-year selected financial data may be necessary where trend 
information is relevant.
    We are proposing to amend the instructions to Item 303(a) to 
emphasize that a registrant may use any presentation that would enhance 
a reader's understanding. As discussed above, our proposed amendments 
to Item 303(a) are consistent with the Commission's existing 
interpretive guidance on MD&A. We are also proposing to eliminate 
mention of the five-year selected financial data in the instructions to 
Item 303(a) because disclosure requirements for liquidity, capital 
resources, and results of operations already require trend disclosure.
    The proposed amendments emphasize the flexibility available to 
registrants with respect to the form of MD&A presentation. The major 
benefit of flexibility is that it allows registrants to frame the 
information in a way that emphasizes material information. One 
potential cost associated with this aspect of the rule is that, in 
framing the discussion in a way that emphasizes material information, 
registrants may inadvertently de-emphasize information that investors 
nevertheless find useful or relevant. To the extent the proposed 
amendment leads to more tailored disclosure, it also could make 
disclosure less comparable across registrants and over time.
    To maintain a consistent approach to MD&A for domestic registrants 
and foreign private issuers, we are proposing changes to Form 20-F 
similar to the proposed changes to Item 303(a).\346\ The disclosure 
requirements for Item 5 of Form 20-F are substantively comparable to 
the MD&A requirements under Item 303 of Regulation S-K. The economic 
effects of the proposed amendments to Form 20-F are therefore similar 
to those for the proposed amendments to Item 303(a) described above.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \346\ See supra Section II.C.B.2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

c. Risk Factors (Item 503(c))
    Item 503(c) requires disclosure of the most significant factors 
that make an offering speculative or risky. We are proposing to 
relocate Item 503(c) from Subpart 500 to Subpart 100 of Regulation S-
K.\347\ We believe that Subpart 100 is a more appropriate location for 
the risk factor disclosure requirements, because it covers a broad 
category of business information and is not limited to offering-related 
disclosure. Additionally, our proposed amendments would eliminate the 
risk factor examples that are enumerated currently in Item 503(c).\348\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \347\ See supra Section II.D.2.
    \348\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We do not expect that relocating the disclosure requirement within 
Regulation S-K would pose any additional costs to registrants or 
investors because we are only proposing to change the location of the 
requirement. The content of the requirement would not change.
    With respect to the proposed elimination of the examples in Item 
503(c), we believe that this could prompt registrants to more carefully 
evaluate and classify their risk exposures, which could ultimately 
benefit investors through more specific and relevant risk factor 
disclosures. Although examples could be useful to registrants in some 
cases, they could also anchor or skew the registrant's risk analysis in 
the direction of the examples. \349\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \349\ There is extensive evidence in psychology and economics 
that individuals tend to rely too heavily on the first piece of 
information offered (the ``anchor'') when making decisions. See 
e.g., Tversky, A. & Kahneman, D., Judgment under Uncertainty: 
Heuristics and Biases. 185 Science. 1124-1131 (1974).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    An alternative to the proposed amendments, as suggested by some 
commenters, would be to expand or update the list of examples or revise 
them to specify generic risks that should not be disclosed. While such 
an approach might lead to incremental improvements in existing 
disclosures, it would not eliminate the anchoring effect discussed 
above nor would it serve to discourage generic or ``boilerplate'' 
disclosures as effectively as the proposed amendments. It is also 
possible that a list of generic risks could inadvertently be viewed as 
exhaustive. In addition, specifying a list of generic risks that should 
not be disclosed may create a rule that needs to be regularly updated.
d. Plan of Distribution (Item 508)
    Item 508 requires disclosure about the plan of distribution for 
securities in an offering, including information about underwriters. We 
are proposing to amend Rule 405 to define the term ``sub-underwriter'' 
to clarify its application in Item 508 of Regulation S-K.\350\ We 
believe that defining the term ``sub-underwriter'' would reduce 
compliance costs by helping registrants to more easily determine what 
disclosure is required under Item 508. We also believe that a defined 
term could help investors better understand the role of ``sub-
underwriters'' in the offering process. We do not believe there would 
be additional costs associated with the proposed amendment, since it 
merely clarifies an existing disclosure requirement.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \350\ See supra Section II.D.3.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

e. Material Contracts (Item 601(b)(10))
    Item 601(b)(10)(i) currently requires registrants to file every 
material contract not made in the ordinary course of business, provided 
that the contract meets one of two tests: (i) The contract must be 
performed in whole or in part at or after the filing of the 
registration statement or report, or (ii) the contract was entered into 
not more than two years before that filing.
    The second test, the two-year look back, captures material 
contracts that were fully performed before the filing date. We are 
proposing amendments to Item 601(b)(10)(i) that would limit the two-
year look back test to newly reporting registrants.\351\ Proposed 
Instruction 1 to Item 601(b)(10)(i) defines a ``newly reporting 
registrant'' as any registrant filing a registration statement that, at 
the time of such filing, is not subject to the reporting requirements 
of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, whether or not such 
registrant has ever previously been subject to the reporting 
requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), and any registrant that has not 
filed an annual report since the revival of a previously suspended 
reporting obligation.\352\ As an example, a registrant that is filing 
its first registration statement under the Securities Act or the 
Exchange Act, or filing its first Form 10-K since the revival of its 
reporting obligation, would be required to file material agreements 
under Item 601(b)(10)(i) for the two-year look back period. The 
definition of ``newly reporting registrant'' under the proposed 
instruction also would include any registrant that (a) was a shell 
company, other than a business combination related shell company, as 
defined in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act, immediately before 
completing a transaction that has the effect of causing it to cease 
being a shell company, and (b) has not filed a registration statement 
or Form 8-K, as required by Item 2.01 and Item 5.06 of that form, since 
the completion of the

[[Page 51020]]

transaction (or in the case of foreign private issuers, has not filed a 
Form 20-F since the completion of the transaction).\353\ Under the 
proposed amendments, a registrant meeting this definition would be 
required to file material agreements for the two-year look back period.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \351\ See supra Section II.E.3.
    \352\ See supra Section II.E.3.
    \353\ See supra Section II.E.3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We expect that the proposed amendments would streamline reporting 
obligations while maintaining investor protections. Although the two-
year look back test captures material contracts that were fully 
performed before the filing date, this test does not provide any new 
information to the market for registrants with established reporting 
histories. Excluding these registrants from the two-year look back 
requirement would marginally reduce their compliance burdens, because 
they would not need to re-file (or incorporate by reference) agreements 
that were previously filed and are no longer in effect. At the same 
time, investors would continue to have access to any material 
agreements that a registrant previously filed on EDGAR.
f. Proposals With a Minor Effect on Disclosure
    The following proposed amendments are expected to have minor 
impacts on the disclosure provided:
     Item 401--proposal would clarify what disclosure about 
executive officers does not need to be repeated in proxy or information 
statements if it is already included in Form 10-K.
     Item 405--proposal would simplify the Section 16 reporting 
process by allowing registrants to rely on a review of Section 16 
reports submitted on EDGAR instead of gathering reports furnished to 
the registrant.\354\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \354\ The proposal would also eliminate the requirement for 
reporting persons to furnish Section 16 reports to registrants, 
which could ease the compliance burden on reporting persons.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Item 501(b)(1)--proposal would eliminate the portion of 
the item that discusses when a name change may be required and the 
exception to that requirement.
     Item 501(b)(3)--proposal would allow registrants to move 
details of an offering price method or formula from the prospectus 
cover page to another location in the prospectus; the proposal also 
would require registrants to state that the price will be more fully 
explained in the prospectus and accompany that statement with a cross-
reference to the more detailed offering price disclosure.
     Item 501(b)(10)--proposal would streamline the prospectus 
legend requirements.
     Incorporation by Reference--proposals would (i) provide 
clearer guidance on cross-referencing; (ii) consolidate the 
requirements for incorporation by reference in Securities Act Rule 411, 
Exchange Act Rule 12b-23 and related rules under the Investment Company 
Act and Investment Advisers Act to eliminate redundant or unnecessary 
requirements; and (iii) allow registrants more flexibility in excluding 
item numbers and captions or creating their own captions tailored to 
their disclosure in Form 10, Form 10-K and Form 20-F.
    Since the proposed amendments listed above would alter existing 
disclosure practices only to a minor degree, their implementation would 
have little economic effect. We believe that the proposed amendments 
would allow registrants to improve the readability and navigability of 
disclosure documents and reduce repetition. The proposed amendments 
also would reduce compliance costs for registrants while preserving all 
material information. We do not envision any significant incremental 
costs associated with the proposed amendments because they do not 
significantly change the required disclosures.
2. Proposals To Update Rules to Account for Subsequent Developments
    The following proposed amendments would update existing rules to 
account for subsequent developments and are expected to have minor 
impacts on the disclosure provided:
     Item 407(d)--proposal would update the outdated reference 
to AU sec. 380 in Item 407(d)(3)(i)(B).
     Item 407(e)--proposal would update requirements for 
compensation committee disclosure to exclude EGCs because they are not 
required to include a CD&A.
     Item 512--proposal would eliminate certain undertakings 
that are redundant and obsolete.
    We believe that the proposed amendments listed above would reduce 
potential confusion in applying our rules, result in more consistent 
disclosure practices, and ease compliance burdens for registrants, with 
a minimal impact on the information available to investors. We do not 
envision any significant incremental costs associated with the proposed 
amendments, because the substance of the rules would not change.

E. Economic Analysis of the Specific Amendments: Proposals That 
Simplify the Disclosure Process or Eliminate Disclosures

1. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and 
Results of Operations (Item 303)
    Under the proposed amendments to Item 303 of Regulation S-K, when 
the financial statements included in a filing cover three years, 
discussion about the earliest year would not be required if (i) this 
discussion is not material to an understanding of the registrant's 
financial condition, changes in financial condition, and results of 
operations, and (ii) the registrant has filed its prior year Form 10-K 
on EDGAR containing MD&A of the earliest of the three years included in 
the financial statements of the current filing.
    We believe that the main economic benefit of the proposed 
amendments would be to simplify and modernize MD&A as well as increase 
its readability while still providing all material information. This 
may facilitate a better understanding of the firm's financial 
prospects. Because MD&A is typically one of the most labor-intensive 
pieces of disclosure to produce, eliminating the requirement to discuss 
the earliest year financial statements in some circumstances could 
meaningfully reduce compliance costs for registrants.
    One potential cost of the proposed amendments is that investors may 
receive less comparative discussion about earlier period financial 
results within a filing. Although previously disclosed information 
could provide helpful context for the new information being disclosed, 
this information would have been incorporated into market prices when 
it was originally presented. There may be certain situations in which 
this context may be particularly useful in assessing a firm's financial 
condition--for example, in the case of restatements of prior period 
financials. Although we recognize these potential costs, we believe 
their impact would be mitigated by the fact that discussion of earlier 
year financial results could be excluded only under specified 
conditions, including that the discussion was not material to an 
understanding of the registrant's financial condition, changes in 
financial condition, and results of operations.
    An alternative to the proposed amendments would be to retain the 
earliest year requirement but permit registrants to hyperlink to the 
prior year's report in lieu of repeating this disclosure. This 
alternative would likely reduce search costs for investors and allow 
efficient access to previously

[[Page 51021]]

disclosed information about a firm's financial condition. However, we 
believe that this alternative would not reduce compliance costs to 
registrants as effectively as the proposed amendments. Furthermore, 
this alternative may detract from investor understanding of material 
information about a firm's financial condition to the extent that it 
resulted in hyperlinking to information that is no longer material to 
such an understanding.
2. Information Omitted From Exhibits (Item 601): Item 601(a)(5), Item 
601(a)(6), and Item 601(b)(10)(iv)
    Proposed Item 601(a)(5) would permit registrants to omit schedules 
and attachments to exhibits unless they contain information material to 
an investment or voting decision and that information is not otherwise 
disclosed in the exhibit or the disclosure document.\355\ The proposed 
amendments also would require registrants to provide with each exhibit 
a list briefly identifying the contents of all omitted schedules and 
attachments.\356\ In addition, registrants would be required to 
provide, on a supplemental basis, a copy of any of the omitted 
schedules or attachments to the Commission staff upon request.\357\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \355\ See supra Section II.E.2.a (Exhibits--Information Omitted 
from Exhibits, Schedules and Attachments).
    \356\ See id.
    \357\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Allowing registrants to omit schedules and attachments that are not 
material to all exhibits would lower their filing costs. As noted in 
Section II.E.2.a above, some commenters have noted that these burdens 
are exacerbated if the schedules contain commercially sensitive 
information that would require registrants to file confidential 
treatment requests. The omission of schedules that are not material 
would also help investors more clearly focus on the material 
disclosures.
    Based on our review of confidential treatment requests submitted 
under Rule 406 and Rule 24b-2 granted in fiscal year 2016, we estimate 
that over 90% of confidential treatment requests are granted for 
material contracts based on competitive harm to the registrant, 
discussed below. For the subset of confidential treatment requests that 
were granted for reasons other than competitive harm to the registrant, 
we expect that many of those exhibits likely contain schedules or 
attachments that could be omitted under proposed Item 601(a)(5), 
although we are unable to reliably estimate how many, because this 
would depend, in part, on whether the schedules contain material 
information. Any reduction in burden would be incremental to that 
attributable to the proposed amendments to Item 601(b)(10)(iv), which 
would likely address over 90% of confidential treatment requests.
    Item 601(a)(6), as proposed to be amended, would permit registrants 
to omit PII without submitting a confidential treatment request under 
Rule 406 or Rule 24b-2.\358\ Under the proposed amendment, registrants 
also would not be required to provide an analysis in order to redact 
PII from exhibits. Since the proposed amendment leaves the decision 
about omission of PII entirely to the registrant, it could result in 
more liberal redactions. Thus, there is a tradeoff between reduced 
compliance costs and the potentially adverse effects of reduced 
disclosure. However, our analysis indicates that the Commission granted 
very few confidential treatment requests in reliance on the Freedom of 
Information Act \359\ (``FOIA'') exemption concerning PII. As an 
illustration, in fiscal year 2016 only nine confidential treatment 
requests were granted pursuant to this FOIA exemption. Presumably, most 
registrants are currently taking advantage of existing staff guidance 
that PII may be omitted without filing a confidential treatment 
request. As a result, we do not expect that codifying this 
accommodation would significantly alter existing disclosure practices.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \358\ See supra Section II.E.2.b.
    \359\ 5 U.S.C. 552.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We are also proposing to add paragraph (b)(10)(iv) to Item 601 to 
permit registrants to omit confidential information in material 
contract exhibits filed pursuant to that item that is both (i) not 
material and (ii) competitively harmful if publicly disclosed, without 
submitting a confidential treatment request.\360\ Instead, registrants 
would be required to mark the exhibit index to indicate that portions 
of the exhibit or exhibits have been omitted and include a prominent 
statement on the first page of each redacted exhibit that certain 
information is omitted from the filed version of the exhibit.\361\ The 
registrant would also be required to indicate with brackets where the 
information is omitted from the filed version of the exhibit.\362\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \360\ See supra Section II.E.2.c.
    \361\ See id.
    \362\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Registrants could be asked by the Commission staff to provide on a 
supplemental basis an unredacted copy of the exhibit.\363\ The staff 
also could request that the registrant provide an analysis of why the 
redacted information is both (i) not material and (ii) competitively 
harmful.\364\ Registrants could request confidential treatment of this 
supplemental information pursuant to Rule 83 while it is in the 
possession of the staff.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \363\ See id.
    \364\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendment would significantly reduce the costs 
associated with preparing confidential treatment requests and expedite 
the filing process. In this regard, one commenter on the Concept 
Release reviewed seven different confidential treatment requests on 
which it assisted clients since 2012 and found that legal fees alone 
ranged from approximately $35,000 to over $200,000.\365\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \365\ See Letter from Fenwick.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Because more than 90% of the confidential treatment requests 
granted by the Commission in fiscal year 2016 were made in reliance on 
the FOIA exemption concerning competitive harm, the proposed amendments 
to Item 601(b)(10) to allow registrants to omit competitively harmful 
information that is not material without filing a confidential 
treatment request could correspondingly reduce the number and cost of 
confidential treatment requests pursuant to Rule 406 and Rule 24b-2 by 
over 90%. However, this reduction in cost would be partially offset by 
the proposed amendment's provision that the staff may request an 
analysis similar to the current competitive harm analysis. Registrants 
would incur costs to prepare and provide this analysis in response to 
any request from the staff.
    One potential cost of the proposed amendments is that information 
may be redacted that would not otherwise be afforded confidential 
treatment by the staff. However, based on previous experience and a 
review of confidential treatment requests, we believe that such 
instances would be rare. Over the past five fiscal years, very few 
confidential treatment requests were denied by the staff. Specifically, 
of the confidential treatment requests filed over the last five fiscal 
years, on average, approximately 1.0% were withdrawn because the staff 
determined that the information likely was material to investors.\366\ 
During this time, on

[[Page 51022]]

average, approximately 95% of confidential treatment requests filed 
were granted, and requests were rarely denied.\367\ Also during the 
past five fiscal years, on average, approximately 12% of confidential 
treatment requests filed were revised prior to the request being 
granted to limit the number of terms redacted based on likely 
materiality or over broad redactions.\368\ Under the proposed 
amendments, the Commission staff would continue its selective review of 
registrant filings and would selectively assess whether redactions from 
exhibits appear to be limited to information that is not material and 
that would subject the registrant to competitive harm if publicly 
disclosed.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \366\ The following confidential treatment requests were filed 
and withdrawn for likely materiality during the last five fiscal 
years: 2016: 1,271 filed and approximately 7 withdrawn; 2015: 1,369 
filed and approximately 14 withdrawn; 2014: 1,413 filed and 
approximately 19 withdrawn; 2013: 1,290 filed and approximately 16 
withdrawn; and 2012: 1,466 filed and approximately 6 withdrawn.
    \367\ In fiscal years 2016 and 2015, no confidential treatment 
requests were denied. In fiscal years 2014, 2013, and 2012, one, two 
and one CTR(s) were denied, respectively. On average, during the 
last five fiscal years, approximately 95% of confidential treatment 
requests were granted in full and approximately 5% were withdrawn. 
In addition to withdrawals based on staff determinations that the 
information was likely material, other reasons confidential 
treatment requests are withdrawn include that the offering is no 
longer going forward, the information is already public, or the 
contract is no longer material.
    \368\ Confidential treatment requests revised based on 
materiality and/or overbroad redactions in fiscal years 2016, 2015, 
2014, 2013, and 2012, were approximately 119, 139, 183, 184, and 
182, respectively.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

F. Economic Analysis of the Specific Amendments: Proposals That Require 
More Disclosure or the Incorporation of New Technology

1. Description of Registrant's Securities (Item 601(b)(4))
    Item 202 requires registrants to provide a brief description of 
their registered capital stock, debt securities, warrants, rights, 
American Depositary Receipts, and other securities. We are proposing to 
amend Item 601(b)(4) to require registrants to provide Item 202 
disclosure as an exhibit to Form 10-K for each class of securities that 
is registered under the Exchange Act, rather than limiting this 
disclosure to registration statements. The proposed amendments would 
not change existing disclosure obligations under Form 8-K and Schedule 
14A, which currently require registrants to disclose certain 
modifications to the rights of their security holders and amendments to 
their articles of incorporation or bylaws. Any modifications and 
amendments during a fiscal year to the information called for by Item 
202 would now also be reflected in an exhibit to the registrant's next 
annual report.
    Information about Exchange Act registered securities allows 
investors to assess the existing capital structure of registrants, 
which can help investors understand better their exposure to risks and 
their control rights. Requiring Item 202 disclosure as an exhibit to 
annual reports would improve investors' access to information about 
their rights as security holders, thereby facilitating more informed 
investment and voting decisions.
    The proposed requirements would impose some incremental compliance 
costs for registrants to include the proposed disclosure with their 
annual reports. Table 1 above shows that on average 7,800 registrants 
file Form 10-K each year and therefore would be subject to the new Item 
601(b)(4) exhibit filing requirement. However, because registrants 
already prepare very similar disclosure to satisfy existing disclosure 
obligations under Form 8-K and Schedule 14A and would be able to 
incorporate by reference and hyperlink to prior disclosure, so long as 
there has not been any change to the information called for by Item 
202, we expect these incremental costs to be minimal.
2. Subsidiaries of the Registrant and Entity Identifiers (Item 
601(b)(21))
    Item 601(b)(21) requires a registrant to list in an exhibit its 
subsidiaries, the state or other jurisdiction of incorporation or 
organization of each, and the names under which those subsidiaries do 
business. We are proposing amendments to Item 601(b)(21)(i) that would 
require registrants to include in the exhibit the LEI, if one has been 
obtained, of the registrant and each subsidiary listed.\369\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \369\ See supra Section II.E.4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    A key benefit of LEIs is that they allow for unique identification 
of entities engaged in commercial and financial transactions. For 
various reasons, firm and subsidiary names can be spelled and recorded 
differently across filings, corporate websites, and standard databases. 
In addition, subsidiaries can share the same (or very similar) names. 
These issues can make names poor identifiers of market participants, 
which could be an obstacle in some forms of investment analysis 
involving computerized data access.
    In contrast, LEIs provide clear and unique identification of market 
participants that facilitates the statistical analysis and aggregation 
of firm financial data. In this regard, some commenters have observed 
that improved identifiers would allow investors to link third-party 
data with structured data from Commission filings to produce more 
meaningful analysis.\370\ As a consequence, a standard identifier of 
firms and firm subsidiaries has the potential to improve not only 
individual investment decisions but also the efficiency of the overall 
market.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \370\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Disclosure of LEIs would also facilitate the ability of investors 
and the Commission to link the information disclosed in Commission 
filings with data from other filings or sources as LEIs become more 
widely used by regulators and the financial industry. This could aid in 
the performance of market analysis studies, surveillance activities, 
and systemic risk monitoring by the Commission and other regulators.
    The proposed amendments would impose an incremental cost on 
registrants to include LEIs in the Item 601(b)(21) exhibit. We do not 
expect this incremental cost to be significant, however, given that 
this information should be readily available to registrants. Our 
proposals would require disclosure of LEIs only for those registrants 
and subsidiaries that have obtained this identifier, thereby not 
imposing additional costs.\371\ As a result, the benefits of LEI 
disclosure outlined above may be limited to the extent that not all 
reporting entities obtain an identifier.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \371\ The use of and access to LEIs is free for investors. All 
of the associated reference data needed to understand, process and 
use LEIs is also widely and freely available. However, the cost of 
obtaining a LEI for registrants currently entails a one-time fee of 
$75-$119, and $50-$99 per year in annual maintenance fees.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Moreover, standard identifiers, such as LEIs, are most beneficial 
to registrants and investors when a broad array of firms in the market 
adopt them. For example, a widely adopted identifier would facilitate 
the electronic link and cross-referencing of various informational 
items over a large group of registrants. Staff experience indicates 
that LEI adoption rates are currently low, which limits its benefits to 
investors and other users of financial information.\372\ If LEIs are 
not widely used, firms may not have incentives to obtain an LEI. Since 
coordination among firms with regard to adoption is difficult to 
accomplish, LEIs could remain underutilized.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \372\ For example, in the context of Form ADV, which similarly 
requires an LEI to be reported only if the entity already has one, 
the Commission has noted that just 6.8% of registered investment 
advisers report an LEI when filing the form. See Form ADV and 
Investment Advisers Act Rules, Release No. IA-4509 (Aug. 25, 2016) 
[81 FR 60417 (Sept. 1, 2016)], at 114.
    However, see also the discussion in the text around note 220, 
supra. Although overall adoption rates appear low, the use of LEIs 
may be increasing as a result of global regulatory efforts. See 
Glob. Legal Entity Identifier Found., Regulatory Use of the LEI, 
available at https://www.gleif.org/en/about-lei/regulatory-use-of-the-lei (last visited July 13, 2017).

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

[[Page 51023]]

3. Tagging Cover Page Data
    We are proposing to require registrants to tag all of the 
information on the cover page of Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 
20-F, and Form 40-F using Inline XBRL (or, if the Commission's recent 
proposal to require Inline XBRL for the submission of operating company 
financial statements is not adopted, in an XBRL exhibit to the relevant 
filing) in accordance with the EDGAR Filer Manual. To implement the 
cover page tagging requirements, we propose to add new Rule 406 to 
Regulation S-T, new Item 601(b)(104) to Regulation S-K, new paragraph 
104 to the ``Instructions as to Exhibits'' of Form 20-F and new 
paragraph B.17 to the ``General Instructions'' of Form 40-F to require 
registrants to file with each of the specified forms a ``Cover Page 
Interactive Data File'' containing cover page data. We are also 
proposing to revise Rule 11 of Regulation S-T to add the term ``Cover 
Page Interactive Data File.'' Our proposals also would amend the cover 
pages of these forms to include the trading symbol for each class of 
the registrant's registered securities.\373\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \373\ Because the cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 20-F, and Form 
40-F already require disclosure of the title of each class of 
securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act 
and each exchange on which they are registered, our proposed 
amendments to these forms would revise the cover page to include a 
corresponding field for the trading symbol. Unlike these forms, 
however, the cover pages of Form 10-Q and Form 8-K do not currently 
require disclosure of the title of each class of securities and each 
exchange on which they are registered. Accordingly, to ensure that 
registrants and their registered securities are identified in a 
consistent manner across forms, we are proposing to revise the cover 
pages of Form 10-Q and Form 8-K to include this disclosure in 
addition to the trading symbol.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Investment analysis increasingly relies on quantitative statistical 
methods. Machine-readable formats greatly facilitate quantitative 
analysis because they allow for the corresponding items to be imported 
directly into various platforms for data analysis. Thus, tagging all 
the data points on the cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, 
Form 20-F, and Form 40-F could decrease the costs to investors for 
implementing quantitative data analysis. We acknowledge that the 
amendment would impose additional costs on registrants but expect the 
additional burden to be minimal, given that registrants already furnish 
a substantial amount of information contained in these forms in a 
structured format.
    An alternative to the Inline XRBL or traditional XBRL format is to 
specify an XML format for the cover pages of Form 8-K, Form 10-K, Form 
10-Q, Form 20-F, and Form 40-F. An XML format could have a variety of 
implementations ranging from filers submitting the data according to a 
designated technical framework to inputting the cover page information 
in a web-fillable format within EDGAR. We are not proposing this 
approach, because the Inline XBRL and traditional XBRL format provide 
more precise rules that facilitate consistent input and data validation 
by filers and enhance the analytical capabilities of data users. 
Moreover, the Inline XBRL and traditional XBRL format have more robust 
data validation capabilities, which could help to ensure better data 
quality for investors. Inline XBRL also would not suffer from possible 
data quality discrepancies that may occur from filers rekeying the 
information from their cover page for submission in XBRL or XML.
4. Proposals for Additional Disclosure With Minimal Additional Costs to 
Registrants
    The following proposed amendments are expected to impose only 
limited compliance costs on registrants:
     Incorporation by Reference--proposal would require 
hyperlinks internal to EDGAR for documents incorporated by 
reference.\374\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \374\ See supra Section II.F.2.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     Item 501(b)(4)--proposal would require disclosure on the 
prospectus cover page of any national securities exchange where the 
securities being offered are listed or, if not listed, the principal 
United States market or markets for the securities being offered and 
the corresponding trading symbols, if any. \375\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \375\ See supra Section II.D.1.c.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Requiring registrants to include hyperlinks to information that is 
incorporated by reference could improve the readability and 
navigability of disclosure documents by allowing users to be taken 
directly to the incorporated information by clicking on a link rather 
than having to locate the information on EDGAR. Although requiring the 
inclusion of hyperlinks for incorporated information would impose an 
additional compliance burden on registrants, we do not expect this 
burden to be significant given that hyperlinks are relatively easy to 
implement and involve minimal cost.
    In the case of Item 501(b)(4), expanding the existing requirements 
for trading market disclosure to encompass information about markets 
that are not ``national securities exchanges'' would benefit investors 
by helping them to better assess their trading costs. The disclosure 
would impose some additional disclosure costs on registrants. However, 
we do not expect these costs to be significant given that registrants 
should have ready access to this information. In this regard, we note 
that the required disclosure would be limited to the principal United 
States market or markets where the registrant, through the engagement 
of a registered broker-dealer, has actively sought and achieved 
quotation.

G. Economic Analysis of HTML and Hyperlinking Requirements of Forms 
Under the Investment Company Act

    As discussed above, we are proposing HTML and hyperlinks 
requirements for filers of certain forms under the Investment Company 
Act. Broadly speaking, we believe the proposed amendments would reduce 
search costs for investors. In particular, we believe that exhibit 
hyperlinks would help investors and other users to access a particular 
exhibit more efficiently as they would not need to search within the 
filing or through different filings made over time to locate the 
exhibit. Requiring exhibit hyperlinks may make it easier for investors 
and other users to find and access a particular exhibit that was 
originally filed with a previous filing.
    To the extent that hyperlinks ease the navigation process for 
investors and other users, hyperlinks may also facilitate a more 
thorough review of a registrant's registration statements, 
applications, and reports and encourage more effective monitoring over 
time. The potential reduction of search costs and the enhanced ability 
of investors to review a registrant's disclosure may result in more 
informed investment and voting decisions, potentially enhancing 
allocative efficiency, and capital formation by registrants.
    We expect that hyperlinks would be more beneficial in reducing 
search costs in the case of exhibits incorporated by reference than in 
the case of exhibits filed with the filing, and in particular, we 
expect these benefits to be most pronounced in the case of 
incorporation by reference from a filing that was not recently filed 
because more recent filings are displayed first on the EDGAR search 
results page. Further, we expect hyperlinks would have greater benefits 
in the case of registrants that submit more filings.
    As a result of the proposed amendments, we expect that both HTML 
and ASCII registrants would incur compliance costs to include 
hyperlinks in their exhibit indexes. The cost of inserting a hyperlink 
to an exhibit incorporated by reference would likely be greater than 
the cost of

[[Page 51024]]

inserting a hyperlink to an exhibit filed with the document. While the 
average cost itself of inserting a hyperlink is minimal, the total 
hyperlinking costs for registrants would be a function of two main 
factors: (1) How many registration statements, applications and reports 
a registrant files that require an exhibit index; and (2) how many 
exhibits in the exhibit index of these registration statements, 
applications, and reports are either filed with the filing or 
incorporated by reference.
    Filers reporting in ASCII would incur costs to switch to HTML, in 
addition to the costs of including hyperlinks in their exhibit indexes. 
We expect that the costs of switching to HTML would not be significant 
because the cost of software with built-in HTML and hyperlink features 
is minimal. Overall, given the modest costs involved, we do not expect 
that the proposed amendments would have significant competitive effects 
for registrants.
Request for Comment
    We request comment on all aspects of our economic analysis, 
including the potential costs and benefits of the proposed amendments 
and whether the rules, if adopted, would promote efficiency, 
competition, and capital formation or have an impact on investor 
protection. Commenters are requested to provide empirical data, 
estimation methodologies, and other factual support for their views, in 
particular, on costs and benefits estimates.

IV. Paperwork Reduction Act

A. Background

    Certain provisions of our rules and forms that would be affected by 
the proposed amendments contain ``collection of information'' 
requirements within the meaning of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(``PRA'').\376\ The Commission is submitting the proposal to the Office 
of Management and Budget (``OMB'') for review in accordance with the 
PRA.\377\ The hours and costs associated with preparing and filing the 
forms and reports constitute reporting and cost burdens imposed by each 
collection of information. An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a 
person is not required to respond to, a collection of information 
requirement unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. 
Compliance with the information collections is mandatory. Responses to 
the information collections are not kept confidential and there is no 
mandatory retention period for the information disclosed. The titles 
for the collections of information are:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \376\ 44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.
    \377\ 44 U.S.C. 3507(d) and 5 CFR 1320.11.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``Regulation S-K'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0071); \378\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \378\ The paperwork burdens for Regulation S-K, Regulation S-T, 
Regulation C and Regulation 12B are imposed through the forms that 
are subject to the requirements in these regulations and are 
reflected in the analysis of those forms. To avoid a PRA inventory 
reflecting duplicative burdens and for administrative convenience, 
we assign a one-hour burden to each of these regulations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    ``Regulation S-T'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0424);
    ``Regulation 12B'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0062);
    ``Regulation C'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0074);
    ``Family of rules under section 8(b) of the Investment Company Act 
of 1940'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0176);
    ``Form S-1'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0065);
    ``Form S-3'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0073);
    ``Form S-4'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0324);
    ``Form S-6'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0184);
    ``Form S-11'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0067);
    ``Form N-14'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0336);
    ``Form F-1'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0258);
    ``Form F-3'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0256);
    ``Form F-4'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0325);
    ``Form F-7'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0325);
    ``Form F-8'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0378);
    ``Form F-80'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0404);
    ``Form F-10'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0380);
    ``Form SF-1'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0707);
    ``Form SF-3'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0690);
    ``Form 10'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0064);
    ``Form 20-F'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0288);
    ``Form 40-F'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0381);
    ``Form 10-K'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0063);
    ``Form 10-Q'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0070);
    ``Form 8-A'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0056);
    ``Form 8-K'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0060);
    ``Form 10-D'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0604);
    ``Schedule 14A'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0059);
    ``Schedule 14C'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0057); ``Form N-1A'' (OMB 
Control No. 3235-0307); ``Form N-2'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0026); 
``Form N-3'' (OMB Control No. 3235-0316); ``Form N-4'' (OMB Control No. 
3235-0318); ``Form N-5'' (OMB Control. No. 3235-0169); ``Form N-6'' 
(OMB Control No. 3235-0503); and ``Form N-CSR'' (OMB Control No. 3235-
0570).
    The forms, reports, and regulations listed above were adopted under 
the Securities Act, the Exchange Act or the Investment Company Act. The 
regulations, schedules, and forms set forth the disclosure requirements 
for registration statements, periodic and current reports, distribution 
reports and proxy, and information statements filed by registrants to 
help investors make informed investment and voting decisions. Other 
forms and reports are filed by entities regulated by the Investment 
Company Act in connection with the Commission's oversight of these 
entities.
    We are proposing amendments, which are described in more detail in 
Section II above, based on the recommendations made in the FAST Act 
Report, as required by Section 72003 of the FAST Act. The proposed 
amendments are intended to modernize and simplify certain disclosure 
requirements in Regulation S-K and related rules and forms in a manner 
that reduces the costs and burdens on registrants while continuing to 
provide all material information to investors. The proposed amendments 
are also intended to improve the readability and navigability of the 
Commission's disclosure documents and discourage repetition and 
disclosure of immaterial information. In addition, we are proposing 
parallel amendments to several rules and forms applicable to investment 
companies and investment advisers to provide for a consistent set of 
incorporation by reference and hyperlinking rules for these entities, 
including proposed amendments that would require certain investment 
company filings to be submitted in HTML format.

B. Summary of the Proposed Amendments' Impact on Collection of 
Information

    In this section, we summarize the proposed amendments and their 
general impact on the paperwork burden associated with the forms listed 
in Section IV.A. In Section IV.C. below, we provide revised burden 
estimates for each form.

[[Page 51025]]

1. Proposed Amendments Expected To Decrease Burdens
a. Description of Property (Item 102)
    The proposed amendments to Item 102 of Regulation S-K would clarify 
that a description of property is only required to the extent physical 
properties are material to the registrant and make other clarifying 
amendments.\379\ The staff has observed that the current disclosure 
standard may lead registrants, in some instances, to devote resources 
to providing disclosure on properties that are not material. Although 
the proposed amendments to Item 102 are expected to help registrants 
avoid unnecessary disclosure in some instances, the amendments are 
clarifying in nature and therefore we do not believe they would 
significantly affect the paperwork burden associated with affected 
forms. Accordingly, we estimate that the paperwork burden would be 
reduced by 0.5 hours for each form affected by the proposed amendments. 
We expect that Form S-1,\380\ Form S-4,\381\ Form 10, and Form 10-K 
would be affected by this proposed amendment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \379\ See supra Section II.A.
    \380\ 17 CFR 239.11.
    \381\ 17 CFR 239.25.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

b. Management's Discussion and Analysis (Item 303)
    The proposed amendments to Item 303 would allow registrants, in 
some circumstances, to eliminate the earliest year of the MD&A 
discussion.\382\ The proposed amendments would also eliminate the 
reference to five-year selected financial data in Instruction 1 to Item 
303(a) and clarify that registrants may use their discretion in 
selecting the best format for their MD&A presentation.\383\ The 
combined effects of these amendments would be to eliminate the burden 
on registrants to prepare and provide repetitive disclosure that is not 
material. The proposed amendments are of particular significance, 
because MD&A is typically one of the most labor-intensive sections of 
any form in which it is required. We anticipate that the proposed 
amendments to simplify and clarify the MD&A requirements would reduce 
the paperwork burden associated with related forms.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \382\ See supra Section II.B.
    \383\ See supra id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We estimate that the aggregate impact of the proposed amendments 
would be a four hour reduction in paperwork burden each time Item 303 
information is required to be included in a form. We estimate that the 
aggregate impact of the proposed corresponding amendments to Form 20-F 
would result in a four hour reduction each time information under Item 
5 of that form is required. We expect that Form S-1,\384\ Form S-
4,\385\ Form S-11,\386\ Form F-1,\387\ Form F-4,\388\ Form 10, Form 10-
K, Form 10-Q, and Form 20-F would be affected by this proposed 
amendment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \384\ 17 CFR 239.11.
    \385\ 17 CFR 239.25.
    \386\ 17 CFR 239.18.
    \387\ 17 CFR 239.31.
    \388\ 17 CFR 239.34.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

c. Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters and Control Persons (Item 
401, Item 405 and Item 407)
    The proposed amendments to Item 401, Item 405, and Item 407 of 
Regulation S-K would simplify and modernize executive officer, Section 
16(a) compliance and corporate governance disclosure requirements. The 
proposed amendments to Item 401 would simplify the rules for 
determining what disclosure about executive officers may be included in 
Form 10-K when other disclosure in Part III of Form 10-K will be 
incorporated by reference to the registrant's definitive proxy or 
information statement.\389\ The proposed amendments to Item 405 would 
allow registrants to rely on a review of Section 16 reports submitted 
on EDGAR rather than reports furnished to the registrant when providing 
disclosure about Section 16(a) compliance.\390\ Finally, the proposed 
amendments to Item 407 clarify the applicable auditing standard and the 
disclosure requirements for the compensation committees of EGCs.\391\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \389\ See supra Section II.C.
    \390\ See id.
    \391\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposed amendments to Item 401, Item 405, and Item 407 would 
clarify and streamline existing disclosure requirements, and in that 
respect are expected to marginally reduce compliance costs for 
registrants. We estimate that the proposed amendments would reduce the 
paperwork burden for each affected form by 0.5 hours. We expect that 
Form S-1, Form S-4, Form S-11, Form 8-K, Form 10, Form 10-K, and Form 
10-Q would be affected by this proposed amendment.
d. Exhibits (Item 601)
i. Information Omitted From Exhibits (Item 601(a)(5), Item 601(a)(6), 
and Item 601(b)(10)(iv))
    We are proposing several amendments to Item 601 of Regulation S-K. 
Many of these amendments affect provisions related to the Commission's 
confidential treatment process. Specifically, the proposed amendments 
to Item 601(a)(5), Item 601(a)(6), and Item 601(b)(10)(iv) would permit 
registrants to omit, without submitting a confidential treatment 
request, schedules and attachments that are not material, personally 
identifiable information and confidential information in material 
contract exhibits that is both (i) not material and (ii) competitively 
harmful if publicly disclosed.
    For purposes of the PRA, we consider the time and cost to prepare 
and submit a confidential treatment request to be part of the paperwork 
burden associated with preparing and filing the related disclosure 
form. We estimate that elimination of the need to prepare and submit a 
confidential treatment request to omit confidential information from 
exhibits filed pursuant to Item 601(b)(10) that is both (i) not 
material and (ii) competitively harmful if publicly disclosed would 
reduce internal burden hours by ten hours per request for an estimated 
20% of registrants that prepare the confidential treatment request 
without relying on outside counsel, and reduce external costs by $4,000 
per request for an estimated 80% of registrants that retain outside 
counsel for this work.\392\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \392\ The $4,000 cost estimate is calculated as follows: 10 
hours x $400 per hour of outside counsel work = $4,000. See infra 
note 412.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Proposed Item 601(a)(5) would permit registrants to omit entire 
schedules and attachments to exhibits unless the schedules contain 
information material to an investment or voting decision and that 
information is not otherwise disclosed in the exhibit or the disclosure 
document. The threshold for omission under proposed Item 601(a)(5) is 
lower than for omission under the proposed amendment to Item 601(b)(10) 
because registrants would not be required to show that the information 
would cause competitive harm if publicly disclosed.
    Based on our review of confidential treatment requests granted in 
fiscal year 2016, we estimate that over 90% of these requests were 
granted for material contracts based on competitive harm to the 
registrant. For the remainder, we expect that many of those exhibits 
likely contain schedules that could be omitted under proposed Item 
601(a)(5). However, we are unable to reliably estimate how many of 
these requests would be unnecessary under the proposed amendments to 
Item 601(a)(5) because this would depend, in part, on whether the 
schedules contain material

[[Page 51026]]

information. Given that the proposed amendments to Item 601(b)(10) 
would likely address over 90% of the confidential treatment requests 
submitted to the Commission, and to avoid overestimating the decrease 
in paperwork burden arising from the proposed amendments, we are not 
making an additional adjustment to our burden estimates in respect of 
the amendment to Item 601(a)(5) but are soliciting comment on ways to 
reasonably estimate such an adjustment.\393\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \393\ For similar reasons, we are making no additional 
adjustment to our burden estimates in respect of the amendments to 
Item 601(a)(6). In fiscal year 2016, only nine confidential 
treatment requests were granted by the Commission for documents 
containing PII. This suggests that most registrants are currently 
taking advantage of existing staff guidance that PII may be omitted 
without filing a confidential treatment request.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Based on these assumptions, we expect the annual internal burden 
hours and professional costs devoted to the confidential treatment 
process to decrease each time exhibit information described in Item 
601(a)(5), Item 601(a)(6), or Item 601(b)(10)(iv) is omitted or 
redacted. In fiscal year 2016, 43% of confidential treatment requests 
were filed for Form 10-Q, 18% for Form 10-K, 13% for Form 8-K, 8% for 
Form S-1, 4% for Form 20-F, and 1% each for Form 10 and Form F-1. We 
are therefore ascribing changes in paperwork burdens and costs to these 
forms in these same proportions.
ii. Material Contracts Exhibits (Item 601(b)(10)(i))
    The proposed amendment to Item 601(b)(10)(i) would limit the two-
year look back filing requirement for material contracts to newly 
reporting registrants. Registrants that are not newly reporting 
registrants would no longer be required to comply with this filing 
requirement and thus would incur reduced compliance burdens. However, 
we believe that the current burden associated with the two-year look 
back requirement is minimal. Therefore, the proposed amendments are not 
expected to result in a significant reduction of the paperwork burden 
associated with the affected forms. We estimate that the paperwork 
burden would be reduced by 0.5 hours for each form affected by the 
proposed amendment. We expect that Form 10, Form 10-K, Form S-1, Form 
S-4, Form F-1, Form F-3, Form F-4, Form S-11, and Form SF-1 would be 
affected by this proposed amendment.
2. Proposed Amendments Expected To Increase Burdens
a. Registration Statement and Prospectus Provisions (Item 501(b))
    We are proposing to amend Item 501(b) to require disclosure on the 
cover page of the prospectus of any national securities exchange where 
the securities being offered are listed or, if not listed, the 
principal United States market or markets for the securities being 
offered and the corresponding trading symbols, if any.\394\ The 
proposed amendments would incrementally increase the compliance burden 
on registrants by requiring them to provide disclosure about trading 
markets other than national exchanges. Because we are proposing to 
limit the incremental disclosure to those trading markets where the 
registrants, through the engagement of a registered broker-dealer, has 
actively sought and achieved quotation, we believe this information 
should be readily available to registrants and impose only a minimal 
paperwork burden.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \394\ See supra Section II.D.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Accordingly, we estimate that the proposed amendment would slightly 
increase the paperwork burden associated with each affected form by 
0.25 hours. We expect that Form S-1, Form S-3, Form S-4, Form S-11, 
Form F-1, Form F-3, Form F-4, Form SF-1,\395\ and Form SF-3 \396\ would 
be affected by this proposed amendment.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \395\ 17 CFR 239.44.
    \396\ 17 CFR 239.45.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

b. Exhibits (Item 601(b)(4)(vi) and (b)(21))
    Proposed new Item 601(b)(4)(vi) would require registrants to file 
an Item 202 description of their Exchange Act registered securities as 
an exhibit to Form 10-K. The proposed amendments to Item 601(b)(21) 
would require disclosure of an LEI (if one has been obtained) for each 
registrant and any subsidiaries required to be disclosed in the 
exhibit.
    We expect that the new requirements under Item 601(b)(4)(vi) would 
slightly increase the paperwork burden on registrants because 
registrants would be required to provide a description of registered 
securities annually. However, registrants would be able to incorporate 
by reference and hyperlink to prior disclosure if the information 
called for by Item 202 remains unchanged from prior years, thus 
mitigating any increase in the anticipated burden. Accordingly, we 
estimate the proposed amendments would increase the paperwork burden 
associated with Form 10-K and Form 20-F by 0.5 hours.
    We expect that the proposed amendments to Item 601(b)(21) would 
also increase the burden on registrants; however, we expect this 
increase to be slight because LEI information should be readily 
available and would be only required if an identifier has already been 
obtained. Those registrants that have not obtained LEIs would not incur 
an additional burden. Accordingly, we estimate that the proposed 
amendments to Item 601(b)(21) would increase the paperwork burden 
associated with each affected form by 0.25 hours. We expect that Form 
S-1, Form S-4, Form F-1, Form 10, Form 10-K, Form S-11, Form SF-1, and 
Form SF-3 would be affected by the proposed amendment to Item 
601(b)(21).
c. Manner of Delivery
    Proposed new Rule 406, proposed new Item 601(b)(104), proposed new 
paragraph 104 to ``Instructions as to Exhibits'' of Form 20-F and 
proposed new Instruction 17 to ``Information To Be Filed on this Form'' 
of Form 40-F would require registrants to tag every data point on the 
cover pages of Form 10-K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 20-F, and Form 40-F 
using Inline XBRL, including certain new data points added pursuant to 
the proposed amendments.\397\ Although expanded data tagging would 
result in an increase in the burden associated with related forms, we 
note that registrants are already required to tag certain cover page 
information as well as financial statement information. For this 
reason, we believe most registrants already will have developed the 
internal resources or engaged outside professionals to assist them in 
complying with existing data tagging requirements.\398\ In this 
respect, we do not believe the cover page tagging requirement would 
result in significant additional burdens for registrants.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \397\ See supra Section II.G.1.
    \398\ As discussed above, the Commission recently proposed to 
require the use of the Inline XBRL format instead of the traditional 
XBRL format for the submission of operating company financial 
statements, and we intend for the cover page data to be tagged in 
the same format as this other information. See id. In the Inline 
XBRL Proposing Release, we provided estimates of the change in 
paperwork burden associated with the transition to Inline XBRL. See 
supra note 310. Because we expect to require the Inline XBRL format 
for tagging cover page data only if the Inline XBRL proposal has 
been adopted, we are not including PRA burden estimates related to 
the transition to Inline XBRL in this release.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Accordingly, we estimate that the requirement to tag additional 
cover page items would impose an increased paperwork burden of one hour 
for each affected form. We expect that Form 10-

[[Page 51027]]

K, Form 10-Q, Form 8-K, Form 20-F, and Form 40-F would be affected by 
the proposed new rules and form amendments.
    As described in more detail above, we are proposing amendments to 
certain of our forms that are used by investment companies and 
amendments to Rule 102 of Regulation S-T to apply hyperlinking and HTML 
requirements to those registrants to facilitate access to most exhibits 
for investors and other users of the information.\399\ We anticipate 
that the proposed amendments will increase the burdens and costs for 
registrants to prepare and file registration statements and reports on 
the affected forms. Because the software tools to prepare and file 
documents in HTML are widely used and available at minimal cost, we do 
not believe this requirement would appreciably change the existing 
burden estimates for the affected registration statements or reports, 
which already include the time and expense to prepare and file in 
electronic format on EDGAR. We believe the burdens associated with 
hyperlinking exhibits would be small as the registrant would already be 
preparing the exhibits and exhibit index for the related filing and 
would have readily available all the information necessary to create 
the hyperlinks. We assume that the average burden hours of requiring 
exhibit hyperlinks would vary based on the number of exhibits that are 
included with a filing, as discussed in detail below.\400\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \399\ See supra Section II.G.2.
    \400\ See infra Section IV.C.4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Proposed Amendments Not Expected to Meaningfully Affect Burdens
a. Registration Statement and Prospectus Provisions (Item 501(b), Item 
503(c), Item 508 and Item 512)
    The proposed amendments to Item 501(b)(1), Item 501(b)(3), and Item 
501(b)(10) would, respectively, eliminate misleading company name 
disclosure requirements, explicitly allow registrants to include a 
clear statement that the offering price will be determined by a 
particular method or formula (and require a cross reference to the 
offering price method or formula disclosure), and permit registrants to 
exclude some portion of the legend relating to state law in the 
prospectus for an offering that is not prohibited by state blue sky 
law.\401\ The proposed amendments to Item 503(c) would relocate the 
current risk factor disclosure requirements to Subpart 100 and 
eliminate the risk factor examples without substantively changing the 
underlying disclosure requirements.\402\ The proposed amendment to Item 
508 would define the term ``sub-underwriter'' to clarify one aspect of 
the required disclosure about the plan of distribution for a registered 
securities offering.\403\ The proposed amendments to Item 512 would 
eliminate certain undertakings that are redundant or obsolete.\404\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \401\ The proposed amendments would also streamline 501(b) by 
combining paragraphs (b)(10) and (b)(11) without substantive change.
    \402\ See supra Section II.D.2.
    \403\ See supra Section II.D.3.
    \404\ See supra Section II.D.4.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    We believe these proposed amendments would not meaningfully affect 
the paperwork burden associated with the related forms because these 
amendments modernize and clarify certain requirements and do not 
substantively change the required disclosure. Therefore, we are not 
making any adjustments to the paperwork burden of affected forms due to 
these proposed amendments.
b. Incorporation by Reference
    We are proposing amendments to simplify and modernize the rules and 
forms governing incorporation by reference. Under the proposed 
amendments, certain existing requirements for incorporation by 
reference would be consolidated into Rule 411, Rule 12b-23, Rule 0-4, 
and Rule 0-6.\405\ The proposed amendments would also eliminate several 
redundant or outdated requirements. In addition, the proposed 
amendments would provide registrants with additional flexibility in 
organizing the disclosure in Form 10, Form 10-K, and Form 20-F by 
permitting them to exclude item numbers and captions or create their 
own captions tailored to the disclosure in these forms \406\ These 
proposals are expected to decrease reporting burdens associated with 
incorporating information by reference in Commission filings, leading 
to an estimated 0.5 hour reduction in paperwork burden per affected 
form. However, this decrease would be offset by an estimated 0.5 hour 
increase in paperwork burden per affected form due to the proposed 
amendments requiring registrants to include hyperlinks to information 
incorporated by reference when that information is available on 
EDGAR.\407\ Accordingly, we are not making any adjustments to the 
paperwork burden of affected forms due to these proposed amendments.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \405\ See supra Section II.F.
    \406\ See id.
    \407\ See id.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

C. Burden and Cost Estimates to the Proposed Amendments

    As discussed below, we expect that the proposed amendments would, 
in the aggregate, reduce the paperwork burden on respondents. The 
change in burden, however, would differ depending on the form because 
not all of the proposed amendments would apply to each form.
    These estimates represent the average burden for all registrants, 
both large and small. In deriving our estimates, we recognize that the 
burdens will likely vary among individual registrants based on a number 
of factors, including the nature of their business.
    The burden estimates were calculated by multiplying the estimated 
number of responses by the estimated average amount of time it would 
take a registrant to prepare and review disclosure required under the 
proposed amendments. The portion of the burden carried by outside 
professionals is reflected as a cost, while the portion of the burden 
carried by the registrant internally is reflected in hours.
1. Form 10-K and Form 10-Q; Schedule 14A and Schedule 14C
    The proposed amendments are estimated to significantly reduce the 
paperwork burdens associated with Form 10-K \408\ and Form 10-Q as well 
as Schedule 14A and Schedule 14C.\409\ For purposes of the PRA, we 
estimate that 75% of the burden of preparation for these Exchange Act 
reports is carried by the registrant internally and that 25% of the 
burden of preparation is carried by outside professionals retained by 
the company at an average cost of $400 per hour.\410\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \408\ Schedules 14A and 14C require disclosure under Subpart 400 
of Regulation S-K. This disclosure is often incorporated, in 
relevant part, into Part III of a registrant's Form 10-K. Therefore, 
our burden estimates for Form 10-K contemplate that Part III 
disclosure may be incorporated by reference to Schedules 14A or 14C.
    \409\ Schedule 14A requires that registrants, under certain 
circumstances, provide disclosure under Item 303. Our burden 
estimate for Schedule 14A assumes that registrants would duplicate 
the disclosure provided under this Item in the most recent Form 10-K 
and/or Form 10-Q.
    \410\ We recognize that the costs of retaining outside 
professionals may vary depending on the nature of the professional 
services, but for purposes of this PRA analysis, we estimate that 
such costs would be an average of $400 per hour. This estimate is 
based on consultations with several registrants, law firms and other 
persons who regularly assist registrants in preparing and filing 
reports with the Commission.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Table 4 below illustrates the total annual compliance burden, in 
hours and in costs, \411\ of the affected

[[Page 51028]]

collections of information resulting from the proposed amendments.\412\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \411\ For convenience, the estimated hour and cost burdens in 
the tables in this section have been rounded to the nearest whole 
number.
    \412\ The burdens associated with the proposed amendments to the 
forms listed in Table 4, other than the confidential treatment 
request proposal, have been estimated by assuming that 75% of the 
burden is borne by the company and 25% is borne by outside counsel 
at $400 per hour. The burdens associated with submitting 
confidential treatment requests in connection with the forms listed 
in Table 4 have been estimated by assuming that the average request 
requires approximately ten hours of preparation and that 20% of the 
burden is borne by the company and 80% of the burden is borne by 
outside counsel at $400 per hour.

                               Table 4--Incremental Paperwork Burden Under the Proposed Amendments for Exchange Act Forms
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Proposed
                                          Current annual     number of    Current burden     Change in       Change in       Change in       Change in
                                             responses       affected          hours       burden hours    company hours   professional    professional
                                                             responses                                                         hours           costs
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10-K....................................           8,137           8,137      12,228,620        (32,703)        (23,325)         (9,378)    ($3,715,600)
10-Q....................................          22,907          22,907       3,220,037        (73,181)        (63,884)         (9,297)     (3,718,800)
8-K.....................................         118,387         118,387         507,665         116,867          88,490          28,377      11,350,800
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

2. Form S-1, Form S-3, Form S-4, Form F-3, Form F-4, Form SF-1, Form 
SF-3, Form 10, and Form 20-F
    The proposed amendments are estimated to significantly reduce the 
paperwork burden associated with Form S-1, Form S-3, Form S-4, Form F-
3, Form F-4, and Form 20-F. For registration statements on Form 10, 
Form S-1, Form S-3, Form S-4, Form F-1, Form F-3, Form F-4, Form SF-1, 
and Form SF-3, and Exchange Act report Form 20-F, we estimate that 25% 
of the burden of preparation is carried by the company internally and 
that 75% of the burden of preparation is carried by outside 
professionals retained by the company at an average cost of $400 per 
hour.
    Table 5 below illustrates the total annual compliance burden, in 
hours and in costs, of the affected collections of information 
resulting from the proposed amendments.\413\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \413\ The burdens associated with the proposed amendments to the 
forms listed in Table 5, other than the confidential treatment 
request proposal, have been estimated by assuming that 25% of the 
burden is borne by the company and 75% is borne by outside counsel 
at $400 per hour. The burdens associated with submitting 
confidential treatment requests in connection with the forms listed 
in Table 5 have been estimated by assuming that the average request 
requires approximately ten hours of preparation and that 20% of the 
burden is borne by the company and 80% of the burden is borne by 
outside counsel at $400 per hour.

                             Table 5--Incremental Paperwork Burden Under the Proposed Amendments for Registration Statements
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Proposed
                                          Current annual     number of    Current burden     Change in       Change in       Change in       Change in
                                             reponses        affected          hours       burden hours    company hours   professional    professional
                                                             responses                                                         hours           costs
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
S-1.....................................             901             901         150,242         (5,514)         (1,325)         (4,189)    ($1,675,600)
S-3.....................................           1,082           1,082         127,806           (301)            (78)           (223)        (89,200)
S-4.....................................             551             551         564,731         (2,803)           (700)         (2,103)       (841,200)
S-11....................................             100             100          19,476           (450)           (112)           (338)       (135,200)
SF-3....................................              71              71          24,495              36               9              27          10,800
F-1.....................................              63              63          26,917           (431)            (98)           (333)       (133,200)
F-3.....................................             107             107           4,467            (10)             (1)             (9)         (3,600)
F-4.....................................              68              68          24,769           (281)            (70)           (211)        (84,400)
10......................................             238             238          12,805          (1390)           (342)         (1,048)       (419,200)
20-F....................................             725             725         479,501          (2454)           (588)         (1,866)       (746,400)
40-F....................................             160             160          17,197             160              40             120          40,000
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


              Table 6--Current and Revised Burdens Under the Proposed Amendments for Securities Act
                                             and Exchange Act Forms
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Current burden                    Revised burden
                                             -------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Burden hours                      Burden hours
                                                    (A)            Cost (B)           (C)           Costs (D)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10-K........................................       12,228,620   $1,631,470,000       12,205,295   $1,627,754,400
10-Q........................................        3,220,037      429,368,808        3,156,153      425,650,008
8-K.........................................          507,665       67,688,700          596,155       79,039,500
S-1.........................................          150,242      180,290,100          148,917      178,614,900
S-3.........................................          127,806      153,367,008          127,728      153,277,808
S-4.........................................          564,731      677,677,104          564,031      676,835,904
S-11........................................           19,476       23,371,200           19,364       23,236,000
SF-3........................................           24,495       29,394,000           24,504       29,404,800
F-1.........................................           26,917       32,300,100           26,819       32,166,900
F-3.........................................            4,467        5,360,700            4,465        5,357,100
F-4.........................................           24,769       29,722,800           24,699       29,638,400
10..........................................           12,805       15,366,042           12,463       14,946,842
20-F........................................          479,501      575,400,600          478,913      574,654,200

[[Page 51029]]

 
40-F........................................           17,197       20,636,800           17,237       20,684,800
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. Form 8-A, Form 10-D, Form 40-F, Form F-7, Form F-8, Form F-10, and 
Form F-80
    The proposed amendments to Form 8-A,\414\ Form 10-D, Form 40-F, 
Form F-7,\415\ Form F-8,\416\ Form F-10, and Form F-80 \417\ are not 
expected to meaningfully reduce the associated paperwork burden for 
these forms. Accordingly, we have not included a tabular presentation 
of the impact on the total annual compliance burden of these forms as a 
result of these proposed amendments.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \414\ 17 CFR 249.208a.
    \415\ 17 CFR 239.37.
    \416\ 17 CFR 239.38.
    \417\ 17 CFR 239.41.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

4. Form S-6, Form N-1A, Form N-2, Form N-3, Form N-4, Form N-5, Form N-
6, Form N-14, and Form N-CSR
    The proposed amendments to Form S-6,\418\ Form N-1A,\419\ Form N-
2,\420\ Form N-3,\421\ Form N-4,\422\ Form N-5,\423\ Form N-6,\424\ 
Form N-14, and Form N-CSR \425\ are expected to increase the burdens 
and costs for registrants to prepare and file registration statements 
and reports on the affected forms, but we believe the burdens 
associated with hyperlinking exhibits would be small.\426\ We assume 
that the average burden hours of requiring exhibit hyperlinks would 
vary based on the number of exhibits that are included with a filing. 
For purposes of the PRA, based on the average and median number of 
exhibits shown in Table 3 above and the staff's experience, we estimate 
that the average burden for a registrant to hyperlink to exhibits would 
be one hour per response for each of the affected forms. As discussed 
above, we are not making any adjustments to the paperwork burden of 
affected forms due to the proposed amendments to simplify and modernize 
the rules and forms governing incorporation by reference.\427\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \418\ 17 CFR 239.16.
    \419\ 17 CFR 239.15A and 17 CFR 274.11A.
    \420\ 17 CFR 239.14 and 17 CFR 274.11a-1.
    \421\ 17 CFR 239.17a and 17 CFR 274.11b.
    \422\ 17 CFR 239.17b and 17 CFR 274.11c.
    \423\ 17 CFR 239.24 and 17 CFR 274.5.
    \424\ 17 CFR 239.17c and 17 CFR 274.11d.
    \425\ 17 CFR 249.331 and 17 CFR 274.128.
    \426\ See supra Section IV.B.2.c.
    \427\ See supra Section IV.B.3.b.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The table below shows the total annual compliance burden, in hours 
and in costs, of the collections of information resulting from the 
proposed amendments.\428\ The burden estimates were calculated by 
multiplying the estimated number of responses by the estimated average 
amount of time it would take an issuer to prepare and review the 
exhibit hyperlinks. The portion of the burden carried by outside 
professionals is reflected as a cost, while the portion of the burden 
carried by the issuer internally is reflected in hours. For purposes of 
the PRA, we estimate that 25% of the burden of preparation is carried 
by the registrant internally and that 75% of the burden of preparation 
is carried by outside professionals retained by the company at an 
average cost of $400 per hour.\429\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \428\ For convenience, the estimated hour and cost burdens in 
the table have been rounded to the nearest whole number.
    \429\ We recognize that the costs of retaining outside 
professionals may vary depending on the nature of the professional 
services, but for purposes of this PRA analysis, we estimate that 
such costs would be an average of $400 per hour. These estimates are 
based on our estimates for the parallel requirement for operating 
companies. Exhibit Hyperlinks Adopting Release, supra note 14 at 
14139.

                          Table 6--Incremental Paperwork Burden Under the Proposed Amendments to Forms for Investment Companies
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                         Proposed number
                 Forms                     of affected        Incremental     Total incremental     25% internal       75% outside        Professional
                                            responses      burden hours/form     burden hours          burden          professional          costs
                                                      (A)                (B)    (C) = (A) x (B)   (D) = (C) x 0.25   (E) = (C) x 0.75     (F) = E x $400
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Form S-6..............................              2,498                  1              2,498                625              1,874           $749,600
Form N-1A.............................              6,002                  1              6,002              1,501              4,502          1,800,800
Form N-2..............................                166                  1                166                 42                125             50,000
Form N-3..............................                 20                  1                 20                  5                 15              6,000
Form N-4..............................              1,653                  1              1,653                413              1,240            496,000
Form N-5..............................                  1                  1                  1                  0                  1                400
Form N-6..............................                472                  1                472                118                354            141,600
Form N-14.............................                192                  1                192                 48                144             57,600
Form N-CSR............................              6,898                  1              6,898              1,725              5,174          2,069,600
                                       -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total.............................  .................  .................             17,902  .................  .................          5,371,600
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. Request for Comment

    Pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 3506(c)(2)(B), we request comment in order 
to:
     Evaluate whether the proposed collections of information 
are necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the 
Commission, including whether the information will have practical 
utility;
     Evaluate the accuracy of our assumptions and estimates of 
the

[[Page 51030]]

burden of the proposed collection of information;
     Determine whether there are ways to enhance the quality, 
utility, and clarity of the information to be collected;
     Evaluate whether there are ways to minimize the burden of 
the collection of information on those who respond, including through 
the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of 
information technology; and
     Evaluate whether the proposed amendments would have any 
effects on any other collection of information not previously 
identified in this section.
    Any member of the public may direct to us any comments concerning 
the accuracy of these burden estimates and any suggestions for reducing 
these burdens. Persons submitting comments on the collection of 
information requirements should direct their comments to the Office of 
Management and Budget, Attention: Desk Officer for the U.S. Securities 
and Exchange Commission, Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, 
Washington, DC 20503, and send a copy to, Brent J. Fields, Secretary, 
U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE., Washington, 
DC 20549, with reference to File No. S7-08-17. Requests for materials 
submitted to OMB by the Commission with regard to the collection of 
information should be in writing, refer to File No. S7-08-17 and be 
submitted to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Office of 
FOIA Services, 100 F Street NE., Washington DC 20549. OMB is required 
to make a decision concerning the collection of information between 30 
and 60 days after publication of this proposed rule. Consequently, a 
comment to OMB is best assured of having its full effect if the OMB 
receives it within 30 days of publication.

V. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    For purposes of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness 
Act of 1996,\430\ a rule is ``major'' if it has resulted, or is likely 
to result in:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \430\ 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

     An annual effect on the U.S. economy of $100 million or 
more;
     a major increase in costs or prices for consumers or 
individual industries; or
     significant adverse effects on competition, investment, or 
innovation.
    We request comment on whether our proposal would be a ``major 
rule'' for purposes of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement 
Fairness Act. We solicit comment and empirical data on:
     The potential effect on the U.S. economy on an annual 
basis;
     any potential increase in costs or prices for consumers or 
individual industries; and
     any potential effect on competition, investment, or 
innovation.

VI. Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis

    This Initial Regulatory Flexibility Act Analysis has been prepared 
in accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act.\431\ It relates to 
proposed amendments to modernize and simplify certain disclosure 
requirements in Regulation S-K and related rules and forms to implement 
Section 72003 of the FAST Act and provide consistent incorporation by 
reference and hyperlinking requirements in the rules and forms 
applicable to investment companies and investment advisers.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \431\ 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

A. Reasons for, and Objectives of, the Proposed Action

    The purpose of the proposed amendments is to modernize and simplify 
Commission disclosure requirements in a manner that reduces costs and 
burdens on companies while still providing all material information. 
Specifically, the proposed amendments would modernize and simplify 
these disclosure requirements by clarifying, consolidating, relocating 
and eliminating, or updating various Commission rules that govern 
public company disclosure. The proposed amendments would also modernize 
the rules by requiring cover page data to be tagged in a machine-
readable format, requiring disclosure of LEIs and requiring hyperlinks 
to be included in some documents filed on EDGAR. The proposed 
amendments would largely implement the staff's recommendations in the 
FAST Act Report, as required by Section 72003(d) of the FAST Act. In 
addition, the proposed amendments would apply parallel incorporation by 
reference and hyperlinking requirements in the rules and forms used by 
investment companies and investment advisers to provide a consistent 
set of requirements for these registrants.

B. Legal Basis

    We are proposing the rule and form amendments contained in this 
document under the authority set forth in Sections 7, 10, 19(a), and 28 
of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Sections 3(b), 12, 13, 14, 
15, 16, 23(a), and 36 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as 
amended, Sections 6(c), 8, 24(a), 30, and 38 of the Investment Company 
Act of 1940, as amended and Sections 204, 206A, 210, and 211 of the 
Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended.

C. Small Entities Subject to the Proposed Rules

    The proposed amendments would affect some registrants that are 
small entities. The Regulatory Flexibility Act defines ``small entity'' 
to mean ``small business,'' ``small organization,'' or ``small 
governmental jurisdiction.'' \432\ For purposes of the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act, under our rules, an issuer, other than an investment 
company or an investment adviser, is a ``small business'' or ``small 
organization'' if it had total assets of $5 million or less on the last 
day of its most recent fiscal year and is engaged or proposing to 
engage in an offering of securities that does not exceed $5 
million.\433\ An investment company, including a business development 
company,\434\ is considered to be a ``small business'' if it, together 
with other investment companies in the same group of related investment 
companies, has net assets of $50 million or less as of the end of its 
most recent fiscal year.\435\ An investment adviser generally is a 
small entity if it: (1) Has assets under management having a total 
value of less than $25 million; (2) did not have total assets of $5 
million or more on the last day of the most recent fiscal year; and (3) 
does not control, is not controlled by, and is not under common control 
with another investment adviser that has assets under management of $25 
million or more, or any person (other than a natural person) that had 
total assets of $5 million or more on the last day of its most recent 
fiscal year.\436\ We estimate that there are 837 issuers that file with 
the Commission, other than investment companies and investment 
advisers, that may be considered small entities.\437\ In addition, we 
estimate that, as of

[[Page 51031]]

December 2016, there are 130 investment companies that would be subject 
to the proposed amendments that may be considered small entities. 
Finally, we estimate that, as of August 1, 2017, there are 557 
investment advisers that may be subject to the proposed amendments that 
may be considered small entities.\438\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \432\ 5 U.S.C. 601(6).
    \433\ See Securities Act Rule 157 [17 CFR 230.157] and Exchange 
Act Rule 0-10(a) [17 CFR 240.0-10(a)].
    \434\ Business development companies are a category of closed-
end investment company that are not registered under the Investment 
Company Act [15 U.S.C. 80a-2(a)(48) and 80a-53-64].
    \435\ See Investment Company Act Rule 0-10(a) [17 CFR 270.0-
10(a)].
    \436\ See Investment Advisers Act Rule 0-7(a) [17 CFR 275.0-
7(a)].
    \437\ This estimate is based on a review of Form 10-K and 20-F 
filings (from EDGAR XBRL) with fiscal periods ending between January 
31, 2015 and January 31, 2016.
    \438\ This estimate is based on Commission-registered investment 
adviser responses to Form ADV, Item 5.F and Item 12.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

D. Reporting, Recordkeeping, and Other Compliance Requirements

    As noted above, the purpose of the proposed amendments is to 
modernize and simplify the Commission's disclosure requirements and 
provide consistent incorporation by reference and hyperlinking rules 
for investment companies and investment advisers. If adopted, the 
majority of the proposed amendments are expected to have an incremental 
effect on existing reporting, recordkeeping and other compliance 
burdens for all issuers, including small entities.\439\ Many of the 
proposed amendments would simplify and streamline existing disclosure 
requirements in ways that are expected to reduce compliance burdens. 
Some of the proposed amendments, like those that impose new data 
tagging,\440\ hyperlinking \441\ or disclosure requirements \442\ would 
increase compliance costs for registrants, although we do not expect 
these additional costs to be significant.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \439\ We recognize that the fixed costs of disclosure 
requirements typically constitute a higher percentage of revenues 
for smaller companies than for larger companies. However, the 
benefits of disclosure may be greater for smaller companies because 
information asymmetries between investors and managers of smaller 
companies are typically higher than for larger, more seasoned 
companies with a large following. See, e.g., R. Frankel and X. Li, 
Characteristics of a firm's information environment and the 
information asymmetry between insiders and outsiders, 37 J. Acct. 
Econ. 229, 229-259 (June 2004). See also, L. Cheng, S. Liao, and H. 
Zhang, The Commitment Effect versus Information Effect of 
Disclosure--Evidence from Smaller Reporting Companies, 88 Acct. Rev. 
1239, 1239-1263 (2013).
    \440\ See, e.g., supra Section 0 (Tagging Cover Page Data).
    \441\ See, e.g., supra Section 0 (Exhibit Hyperlinks and HTML 
format for Investment Companies).
    \442\ See e.g., supra Section II.D.1.c (Market for the 
Securities (Item 501(b)(4)).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

E. Duplicative, Overlapping, or Conflicting Federal Rules

    We believe that the proposed amendments would not duplicate, 
overlap, or conflict with other federal rules.

F. Significant Alternatives

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act directs us to consider alternatives 
that would accomplish our stated objectives, while minimizing any 
significant adverse impact on small entities. In connection with the 
proposed amendments, we considered the following alternatives:
     Establishing different compliance or reporting 
requirements that take into account the resources available to small 
entities;
     Clarifying, consolidating, or simplifying compliance and 
reporting requirements under the rules for small entities;
     Using performance rather than design standards; and
     Exempting small entities from all or part of the 
requirements.
    We believe the proposed amendments would clarify, consolidate and 
simplify compliance and reporting requirements for small entities and 
other registrants. As discussed above, we believe the majority of the 
proposed amendments would simplify and streamline disclosure 
requirements in ways that are expected to reduce compliance 
burdens.\443\ We do not believe that the proposed amendments would 
impose any significant new compliance obligations. Accordingly, we 
generally do not believe it is necessary to establish different 
compliance and reporting requirements or timetables or to exempt small 
entities from all or part of the proposed amendments. We note in this 
regard that the Commission's existing disclosure requirements provide 
for scaled disclosure requirements and other accommodations for small 
entities, and the proposed amendments would not alter these existing 
accommodations.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \443\ See supra Sections (Economic Analysis) and IV (Paperwork 
Reduction Act).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Finally, with respect to using performance rather than design 
standards, the proposed amendments generally use design rather than 
performance standards in order to promote uniform filing requirements 
for all registrants. In some instances, the proposed amendments would 
modernize and simplify existing design standards. For example, the 
proposed amendments to Item 303(a) would emphasize the flexibility 
currently available to registrants with respect to the form of MD&A 
presentation.\444\ In other instances, the proposed amendments may 
result in additional flexibility when preparing disclosures. For 
example, proposed Item 601(a)(5) would expand registrants' ability to 
omit schedules and attachments that are not material to exhibits.\445\ 
As another example, the proposed amendments to Item 102 would clarify 
that the threshold for disclosure about registrants' physical 
properties is based on materiality.\446\
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \444\ See supra Section (Year-to-Year Comparisons (Instruction 1 
to Item 303(a)).
    \445\ See supra Section (Schedules and Attachments to Exhibits).
    \446\ See supra Section (Description of Property).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

G. Request for Comment

    We encourage the submission of comments with respect to any aspect 
of this Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis. In particular, we 
request comments regarding:
     how the proposed rule and form amendments can achieve 
their objective while lowering the burden on small entities;
     the number of small entity companies that may be affected 
by the proposed rule and form amendments;
     the existence or nature of the potential effects of the 
proposed amendments on small entity companies discussed in the 
analysis; and
     how to quantify the effects of the proposed amendments.
    Commenters are asked to describe the nature of any effect and 
provide empirical data supporting the extent of that effect. Comments 
will be considered in the preparation of the Final Regulatory 
Flexibility Analysis, if the proposed rules are adopted, and will be 
placed in the same public file as comments on the proposed rules 
themselves.

VII. Statutory Authority and Text of Proposed Rule and Form Amendments

    We are proposing the rule and form amendments contained in this 
document under the authority set forth in Sections 7, 10, 19(a), and 28 
of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, Sections 3(b), 12, 13, 14, 
15, 16, 23(a), and 36 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as 
amended, Sections 6(c), 8, 24(a), 30, and 38 of the Investment Company 
Act of 1940, as amended, and Sections 204, 206A, 210, and 211 of the 
Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended.

List of Subjects in 17 CFR Parts 229, 230, 232, 239, 240, 249, 270, 
274, and 275

    Administrative practice and procedure, Reporting and recordkeeping 
requirements, Securities.

    In accordance with the foregoing, we are proposing to amend Title 
17, Chapter II of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:

[[Page 51032]]

PART 229--STANDARD INSTRUCTIONS FOR FILING FORMS UNDER SECURITIES 
ACT OF 1933, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 AND ENERGY POLICY AND 
CONSERVATION ACT OF 1975--REGULATION S-K

0
1. The authority citation for part 229 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 77e, 77f, 77g, 77h, 77j, 77k, 77s, 77z-2, 
77z-3, 77aa(25), 77aa(26), 77ddd, 77eee, 77ggg, 77hhh, 77iii, 77jjj, 
77nnn, 77sss, 78c, 78i, 78j, 78j-3, 78l, 78m, 78n, 78n-1, 78o, 78u-
5, 78w, 78ll, 78 mm, 80a-8, 80a-9, 80a-20, 80a-29, 80a-30, 80a-
31(c), 80a-37, 80a-38(a), 80a-39, 80b-11 and 7201 et seq.; 18 U.S.C. 
1350; sec. 953(b), Pub. L. 111-203, 124 Stat. 1904 (2010); and sec. 
102(c), Pub. L. 112-106, 126 Stat. 310 (2012).


Sec.  229.10  [Amended].

0
2. Remove and reserve paragraph (d) of Sec.  229.10.
0
3. Amend Sec.  229.102 by revising the introductory text, Instruction 1 
and Instruction 2 to read as follows:


Sec.  229.102   (Item 102) Description of property.

    To the extent material, disclose the location and general character 
of the registrant's principal physical properties. In addition, 
identify the segment(s), as reported in the financial statements, that 
use the properties described. If any such property is not held in fee 
or is held subject to an encumbrance that is material to the 
registrant, so state and describe briefly how held.
    Instructions to Item 102: 1. What is required is information that 
will reasonably inform investors as to the suitability, adequacy, 
productive capacity, and extent of utilization of the principal 
physical properties of the registrant and its subsidiaries, to the 
extent the described properties are material. A registrant should 
engage in a comprehensive consideration of the materiality of its 
properties. If appropriate, descriptions may be provided on a 
collective basis; detailed descriptions of the physical characteristics 
of individual properties or legal descriptions by metes and bounds are 
not required and shall not be given.
    2. Disclosures with respect to this item need only be provided to 
the extent the properties are material to the registrant. In 
determining materiality under this Item, the registrant should take 
into account both quantitative and qualitative factors. See Instruction 
1 to Item 101 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.101).
* * * * *
0
4. Add Sec.  229.105 to read as follows:


Sec.  229.105   (Item 105) Risk factors.

    Where appropriate, provide under the caption ``Risk Factors'' a 
discussion of the most significant factors that make an investment in 
the registrant or offering speculative or risky. This discussion must 
be concise and organized logically. Do not present risks that could 
apply generically to any registrant or any offering. Explain how the 
risk affects the registrant or the securities being offered. Set forth 
each risk factor under a subcaption that adequately describes the risk. 
If the risk factor discussion is included in a registration statement, 
it must immediately follow the summary section. If you do not include a 
summary section, the risk factor section must immediately follow the 
cover page of the prospectus or the pricing information section that 
immediately follows the cover page. Pricing information means price and 
price-related information that you may omit from the prospectus in an 
effective registration statement based on Rule 430A (Sec.  230.430A(a) 
of this chapter). The registrant must furnish this information in plain 
English. See Sec.  230.421(d) of Regulation C of this chapter.
0
5. Amend Sec.  229.202 by revising Instruction 3 under ``Instructions 
to Item 202'' to read as follows:


Sec.  229.202   (Item 202) Description of registrant's securities.

* * * * *
    3. Section 305(a)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, U.S.C. 
77aaa et seq., as amended (``Trust Indenture Act''), shall not be 
deemed to require the inclusion in a registration statement, 
prospectus, or annual report on Form 10-K of any information not 
required by this Item or Item 601(b)(4)(vi) of this chapter.
* * * * *
0
6. Amend Sec.  229.303 by revising Instruction 1 under ``Instructions 
to paragraph 303(a)'' to read as follows:


Sec.  229.303   (Item 303) Management's discussion and analysis of 
financial condition and results of operations.

* * * * *
    Instructions to paragraph 303(a): 1. The registrant's discussion 
and analysis shall be of the financial statements and other statistical 
data that the registrant believes will enhance a reader's understanding 
of its financial condition, changes in financial condition and results 
of operations. Generally, the discussion shall cover the periods 
covered by the financial statements included in the filing and the 
registrant may use any presentation that in the registrant's judgment 
enhances a reader's understanding. A smaller reporting company's 
discussion shall cover the two-year period required in Article 8 of 
Regulation S-X and may use any presentation that in the registrant's 
judgment enhances a reader's understanding. For registrants providing 
financial statements covering three years in a filing, discussion about 
the earliest year would not be required if (i) that discussion is not 
material to an understanding of the registrant's financial condition, 
changes in financial condition and results of operations and (ii) the 
registrant has filed its prior year Form 10-K on EDGAR containing 
management's discussion and analysis of the earliest of the three years 
included in the financial statements of the current filing. An emerging 
growth company, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act (Sec.  
230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Sec.  
240.12b-2 of this chapter), may provide the discussion required in 
paragraph (a) of this Item for its two most recent fiscal years if, 
pursuant to Section 7(a) of the Securities Act of 1933 (15 U.S.C 
77g(a)), it provides audited financial statements for two years in a 
Securities Act registration statement for the initial public offering 
of the emerging growth company's common equity securities.
* * * * *
0
7. Amend Sec.  229.401 by removing Instruction 3 to paragraph (b) of 
Item 401and adding an Instruction to Item 401 to read as follows:


Sec.  229.401   (Item 401) Directors, executive officers, promoters and 
control persons.

* * * * *
    Instruction to Item 401. The information regarding executive 
officers called for by this Item need not be furnished in proxy or 
information statements prepared in accordance with Schedule 14A or 
Schedule 14C under the Exchange Act (Sec.  240.14a-101 and Sec.  
240.14c-101 of this chapter) if you are relying on General Instruction 
G of Form 10-K under the Exchange Act (Sec.  249.310 of this chapter), 
such information is furnished in a separate section captioned 
``Information about our Executive Officers,'' and is included in Part I 
of your annual report on Form 10-K.
0
8. Revise Sec.  229.405 to read as follows:


Sec.  229.405   (Item 405) Compliance with Section 16(a) of the 
Exchange Act.

    (a) Reporting obligation. Every registrant having a class of equity 
securities registered pursuant to Section 12 of the Exchange Act (15 
U.S.C. 78l) and every closed-end investment company registered under 
the

[[Page 51033]]

Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a-1 et seq.) must:
    (1) Under the caption ``Delinquent Section 16(a) Reports,'' 
identify each person who, at any time during the fiscal year, was a 
director, officer, beneficial owner of more than ten percent of any 
class of equity securities of the registrant registered pursuant to 
Section 12 of the Exchange Act, or any other person subject to Section 
16 of the Exchange Act with respect to the registrant because of the 
requirements of Section 30 of the Investment Company Act (``reporting 
person'') that failed to file on a timely basis reports required by 
Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act during the most recent fiscal year or 
prior fiscal years.
    (2) For each such person, set forth the number of late reports, the 
number of transactions that were not reported on a timely basis, and 
any known failure to file a required form. A known failure to file 
would include, but not be limited to, a failure to file a Form 3, which 
is required of all reporting persons, and a failure to file a Form 5 in 
the absence of the written representation referred to in paragraph 
(b)(3) of this section, unless the registrant otherwise knows that no 
Form 5 is required.
    Instruction 1 to paragraph (a) of Item 405. If no disclosure is 
required, registrants are encouraged to exclude the caption 
``Delinquent Section 16(a) Reports.''
    Instruction 2 to paragraph (a) of Item 405. The registrant is only 
required to disclose a failure to file timely once. For example, if in 
the most recently concluded fiscal year a reporting person filed a Form 
4 disclosing a transaction that took place in the prior fiscal year, 
and should have been reported in that year, the registrant should 
disclose that late filing and transaction pursuant to this Item 405 
with respect to the most recently concluded fiscal year, but not in 
material filed with respect to subsequent years.
    (b) Scope of the Inquiry. In determining whether disclosure is 
required pursuant to paragraph (a), the registrant may rely only on the 
following:
    (1) A review of Forms 3 and 4 (17 CFR 249.103 and 249.104) and 
amendments thereto filed electronically with the Commission during the 
registrant's most recent fiscal year;
    (2) A review of Forms 5 (17 CFR 249.105) and amendments thereto 
filed electronically with the Commission with respect to the 
registrant's most recent fiscal year; and
    (3) Any written representation from the reporting person that no 
Form 5 is required. The registrant must maintain the representation in 
its records for two years, making a copy available to the Commission or 
its staff upon request.
0
9. Amend Sec.  229.407 by revising paragraphs (d)(3)(i)(B) and (g) to 
read as follows:


Sec.  229.407  (Item 407) Corporate governance.

* * * * *
    (d) * * *
    (3)(i) * * *
    (B) The audit committee has discussed with the independent auditors 
the matters required to be discussed by the applicable requirements of 
the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (``PCAOB'') and the 
Commission;
* * * * *
    (g) Smaller reporting companies and emerging growth companies. (1) 
A registrant that qualifies as a ``smaller reporting company,'' as 
defined by Sec.  229.10(f)(1), is not required to provide:
    (A) The disclosure required in paragraph (d)(5) of this Item in its 
first annual report filed pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the 
Exchange Act (15 U.S.C. 78m(a) or 78o(d)) following the effective date 
of its first registration statement filed under the Securities Act (15 
U.S.C. 77a et seq.) or Exchange Act (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.); and
    (B) The disclosure required by paragraphs (e)(4) and (e)(5) of this 
Item.
    (2) A registrant that qualifies as an ``emerging growth company,'' 
as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act (Sec.  230.405 of this 
chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act (Sec.  240.12b-2 of this 
chapter) , is not required to provide the disclosure required by 
paragraph (e)(5) of this Item.
* * * * *
0
10. Amend Sec.  229.501 by:
0
a. Revising the instruction under ``Instruction to paragraph 
501(b)(1)'', Instruction 2 under ``Instructions to paragraph 
501(b)(3)'', paragraph (b)(4) and paragraph (b)(10); and
0
b. Removing paragraph (b)(11) to read as follows:


Sec.  229.501   (Item 501) Forepart of Registration Statement and 
Outside Front Cover Page of Prospectus.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (1) * * *
    Instruction to paragraph 501(b)(1): If your name is the same as 
that of a company that is well known, include information to eliminate 
any possible confusion with the other company. If your name indicates a 
line of business in which you are not engaged or in which you are 
engaged only to a limited extent, include information to eliminate any 
misleading inference as to your business.
* * * * *
    Instructions to paragraph 501(b)(3): * * *
    2. If it is impracticable to state the price to the public, explain 
the method by which the price is to be determined. Instead of 
explaining the method on the outside front cover page of the 
prospectus, you may state that the offering price will be determined by 
a particular method or formula that is described in the prospectus and 
include a cross-reference to the location of such disclosure in the 
prospectus, including the page number. Highlight the cross-reference by 
prominent type or in another manner. If the securities are to be 
offered at the market price, or if the offering price is to be 
determined by a formula related to the market price, indicate the 
market and market price of the securities as of the latest practicable 
date.
* * * * *
    (4) Market for the securities. The national securities exchange(s) 
where the securities being offered are listed. If the securities being 
offered are not listed on a national securities exchange, the principal 
United States market(s) where the registrant, through the engagement of 
a registered broker-dealer, has actively sought and achieved quotation. 
In each case, also disclose the corresponding trading symbol(s) for the 
securities on such market(s).
* * * * *
    (10) Prospectus ``Subject to Completion'' legend.
    (i) If you use the prospectus before the effective date of the 
registration statement or if you use Rule 430A [Sec.  230.430A of this 
chapter] to omit pricing information and the prospectus is used before 
you determine the public offering price, include a prominent statement 
that:
    (A) The information in the prospectus will be amended or completed;
    (B) A registration statement relating to these securities has been 
filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission;
    (C) The securities may not be sold until the registration statement 
becomes effective; and
    (D) The prospectus is not an offer to sell the securities, and it 
is not soliciting an offer to buy the securities, in any state where 
offers or sales are not permitted.
    (ii) The legend called for by paragraph (b)(10)(i) of this Item may 
be in the following or other clear, plain language:
    The information in this prospectus is not complete and may be 
changed. We may not sell these securities until the

[[Page 51034]]

registration statement filed with the Securities and Exchange 
Commission is effective. This prospectus is not an offer to sell these 
securities and it is not soliciting an offer to buy these securities in 
any state where the offer or sale is not permitted.
    (iii) Registrants may exclude the statement in paragraph (b)(i)(D) 
of this Item if the offering is not prohibited by state law.
* * * * *


Sec.  229.503   [Amended].

0
11. Amend Sec.  229.503 by removing ``risk factors'' from the section 
heading and removing and reserving paragraph (c).


Sec.  229.512   [Amended].

0
12. Remove and reserve paragraphs (c), (d), (e), and (f) of Sec.  
229.512.
0
13. Amend Sec.  229.601 by:
0
a. Revising paragraph (a)(1);
0
b. Adding paragraphs (a)(5) and (a)(6);
0
c. Revising entry (b)(4) from the exhibit table in paragraph (a) to add 
a subsection (vi) titled ``Description of registrant's securities'' and 
to add an ``X'' under column 10-K;
0
d. Revising entry (21) from the exhibit table in paragraph (a) to read 
``Subsidiaries of the registrant and entity identifiers '';
0
e. Revising entry (104) from the exhibit table in paragraph (a) to read 
``Cover Page Interactive Data File'' and adding an ``X'' under columns 
8-K, 10-Q and 10-K;
0
f. Adding paragraph (b)(4)(vi) and the instructions to paragraph 
(b)(4)(vi) and paragraph (b)(10)(iv);
0
g. Revising paragraphs (b)(2), (b)(10), (b)(13), (b)(21)(i), and 
(b)(99); and
0
h. Adding paragraph (b)(104) to read as follows:


Sec.  229.601   (Item 601) Exhibits.

    (a) Exhibits and index required. (1) Subject to Rule 411(c) (Sec.  
230.411(c) of this chapter) under the Securities Act and Rule 12b-23(c) 
(Sec.  240.12b-23(c) of this chapter) under the Exchange Act regarding 
incorporation of exhibits by reference, the exhibits required in the 
exhibit table must be filed as indicated, as part of the registration 
statement or report.
* * * * *
    (5) Schedules (or similar attachments) to the exhibits required by 
this Item are not required to be filed unless such schedules contain 
information material to an investment or voting decision and that 
information is not otherwise disclosed in the exhibit or the disclosure 
document. Each exhibit filed must contain a list briefly identifying 
the contents of all omitted schedules. In addition, the registrant must 
provide a copy of any omitted schedule to the Commission staff upon 
request.
    (6) The registrant may redact information from exhibits required to 
be filed by this Item if disclosure of such information would 
constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy (e.g., 
disclosure of bank account numbers, social security numbers, home 
addresses and similar information).
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) Plan of acquisition, reorganization, arrangement, liquidation, 
or succession. Any material plan of acquisition, disposition, 
reorganization, readjustment, succession, liquidation, or arrangement 
and any amendments thereto described in the statement or report.
* * * * *
    (4) * * *
    (vi) For each class of securities that is registered under Section 
12 of the Exchange Act, provide the information required by Item 
202(a)-(d) and (f) of Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.202 of this chapter), 
Description of registrant's securities.
* * * * *
    Instruction 1 to paragraph (b)(4)(vi). A registrant is only 
required to provide the information called for by Item 601(b)(4)(vi) if 
it is filing an annual report under Exchange Act Section 13(a) or 
15(d).
    Instruction 2 to paragraph (b)(4)(vi). For purposes of Item 
601(b)(4)(vi), all references in Item 202 to securities to be or being 
registered, offered, or sold will mean securities that are registered 
as of the end of the period covered by the report with which the 
exhibit is filed. In addition, for purposes of this Item, the 
disclosure will be required for classes of securities that have not 
been retired by the end of the period covered by the report.
    Instruction 3 to paragraph (b)(4)(vi). The registrant may 
incorporate by reference to a prior annual report under Exchange Act 
Section 13(a) or 15(d) containing the disclosure required by Item 
601(b)(4)(vi) of Regulation S-K, as applicable, so long as there has 
not been any change to the information called for by Item 202, 
(Description of the registrant's securities) since the filing date of 
the linked filing. Such hyperlink will be deemed to satisfy the 
requirements of Item 601(b)(4)(vi) for the current filing.
* * * * *
    (10) Material contracts. (i) Every contract not made in the 
ordinary course of business that is material to the registrant and is 
to be performed in whole or in part at or after the filing of the 
registration statement or report. In addition, for newly reporting 
registrants, every contract not made in the ordinary course of business 
that is material to the registrant and that was entered into not more 
than two years before the date on which such registrant:
    (A) First files a registration statement or report; or
    (B) completes a transaction that had the effect of causing it to 
cease being a public shell company.


The only contracts that need to be filed are those to which the 
registrant or a subsidiary of the registrant is a party or has 
succeeded to a party by assumption or assignment or in which the 
registrant or such subsidiary has a beneficial interest.
* * * * *
    (iv) The registrant may redact provisions or terms of exhibits 
required to be filed by paragraph (b)(10) of this Item if those 
provisions or terms are both (i) not material and (ii) competitively 
harmful to the registrant if publicly disclosed. If it does so, the 
registrant should mark the exhibit index to indicate that portions of 
the exhibit or exhibits have been omitted and include a prominent 
statement on the first page of the redacted exhibit that certain 
identified information has been excluded from the exhibit because it is 
both (i) not material and (ii) competitively harmful to the registrant 
if publicly disclosed. The registrant also must indicate by brackets 
where the information is omitted from the filed version of the exhibit.
    If requested by the Commission staff, the registrant must promptly 
provide an unredacted paper copy of the exhibit on a supplemental 
basis. The Commission staff also may request the registrant to provide 
its materiality and competitive harm analyses on a supplemental basis. 
Upon evaluation of the registrant's supplemental materials, the 
Commission staff may request the registrant to amend its filing to 
include in the exhibit any previously redacted information that is not 
adequately supported by the registrant's materiality and competitive 
harm analyses.
    The registrant may request confidential treatment of the 
supplemental material submitted under paragraph (iv) of this Item 
pursuant to Rule 83 (Sec.  200.83 of this chapter) while it is in the 
possession of the Commission staff. After completing its review of the 
supplemental information, the Commission staff will return or destroy 
it at the request of the registrant, if the registrant complies with 
the procedures outlined in Rules 418 or

[[Page 51035]]

12b-4 (Sec.  230.418 or 240.12b-4 of this chapter).
    Instruction 1 to paragraph (b)(10) of Item 601: For purposes of 
paragraph (b)(10)(i) of this Item, a ``newly reporting registrant'' is 
(i) any registrant filing a registration statement that, at the time of 
such filing, is not subject to the reporting requirements of Section 
13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act, whether or not such registrant has 
ever previously been subject to the reporting requirements of Section 
13(a) or 15(d), (ii) any registrant that has not filed an annual report 
since the revival of a previously suspended reporting obligation, and 
(iii) any registrant that (a) was a shell company, other than a 
business combination related shell company, as defined in Rule 12b-2 
under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.12b-2), immediately before 
completing a transaction that has the effect of causing it to cease 
being a shell company and (b) has not filed a registration statement or 
Form 8-K as required by Items 2.01 and 5.06 of that form, since the 
completion of such transaction. For example, newly reporting 
registrants would include (i) a registrant that is filing its first 
registration statement under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, 
and (ii) a registrant that was a public shell company, other than a 
business combination related shell company, and completes a reverse 
merger transaction causing it to cease being a shell company.
    Instruction 2 to paragraph (b)(10): With the exception of 
management contracts, in order to comply with paragraph (iii) above, 
registrants need only file copies of the various compensatory plans and 
need not file each individual director's or executive officer's 
personal agreement under the plans unless there are particular 
provisions in such personal agreements whose disclosure in an exhibit 
is necessary to an investor's understanding of that individual's 
compensation under the plan.
    Instruction 3 to paragraph (b)(10): If a material contract is 
executed or becomes effective during the reporting period reflected by 
a Form 10-Q or Form 10-K, it must be filed as an exhibit to the Form 
10-Q or Form 10-K filed for the corresponding period. See paragraph 
(a)(4) of this Item. With respect to quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, 
only those contracts executed or becoming effective during the most 
recent period reflected in the report must be filed.
* * * * *
    (13) Annual or quarterly report to security holders. (i) The 
registrant's annual report to security holders for its last fiscal year 
or its quarterly report to security holders, if all or a portion 
thereof is incorporated by reference in the filing. Such report, except 
for those portions thereof that are expressly incorporated by reference 
in the filing, is to be furnished for the information of the Commission 
and is not to be deemed ``filed'' as part of the filing. If the 
financial statements in the report have been incorporated by reference 
in the filing, the accountant's certificate must be manually signed in 
one copy. See Rule 439 (Sec.  230.439 of this chapter).
    (ii) Electronic filings. If all, or any portion, of the annual or 
quarterly report to security holders is incorporated by reference into 
any electronic filing, all, or such portion of the annual or quarterly 
report to security holders so incorporated, must be filed in electronic 
format as an exhibit to the filing.
* * * * *
    (21) Subsidiaries of the registrant and entity identifiers. (i) 
List the following information for the registrant and each of its 
subsidiaries: The name, the legal entity identifier (if a legal entity 
identifier has been obtained), the state or other jurisdiction of 
incorporation or organization, and the names under which the entity 
does business. This list may be incorporated by reference from another 
filed document which includes a complete and accurate list. ``Legal 
entity identifier'' means, with respect to any registrant or its 
subsidiaries, the legal entity identifier as assigned by a utility 
endorsed or otherwise governed by the Global LEI Regulatory Oversight 
Committee or accredited by the Global LEI Foundation.
* * * * *
    (99) Additional exhibits. (i) Any additional exhibits that the 
registrant may wish to file must be so marked as to indicate clearly 
the subject matters to which they refer.
    (ii) If pursuant to Section 11(a) of the Securities Act (15 U.S.C. 
77k(a)) an issuer makes generally available to its security holders an 
earnings statement covering a period of at least 12 months beginning 
after the effective date of the registration statement, and if such 
earnings statement is made available by ``other methods'' than those 
specified in paragraphs (a) or (b) of Sec.  230.158 of this chapter, it 
must be filed as an exhibit to the Form 10-Q or the Form 10-K, as 
appropriate, covering the period in which the earnings statement was 
released.
* * * * *
    (104) Cover Page Interactive Data File. A Cover Page Interactive 
Data File (as defined in Sec.  232.11 of this chapter) as required by 
Rule 406 of Regulation S-T (17 CFR 232.406), and in the manner provided 
by the EDGAR Filer Manual.
* * * * *
0
14. Amend Sec.  229.1100 by:
0
a. Revising Instruction 1 to paragraph (c)(1) of Item 1100; and
0
b. Redesignating instructions 2 through 5 to paragraph (c)(1) as 
``Instruction 2 to paragraph (c)(1) of Item 1100.'', ``Instruction 3 to 
paragraph (c)(1) of Item 1100'', ``Instruction 4 to paragraph (c)(1) of 
Item 1100.'', and ``Instruction 5 to paragraph (c)(1) of Item 1100'' to 
read as follows:


Sec.  229.1100  (Item 1100) General.

* * * * *
    Instruction 1 to paragraph (c)(1) of Item 1100. In addition to the 
conditions in paragraph (c)(1) of this section, any information 
incorporated by reference must comply with all applicable Commission 
rules pertaining to incorporation by reference, such as Rule 303 of 
Regulation S-T (Sec.  232.303 of this chapter), Rule 411 of Regulation 
C (Sec.  230.411 of this chapter), and Rule 12b-23 of Regulation 12B 
(Sec.  240.12b-23 of this chapter), except that for purposes of 
paragraph (c)(1), an asset-backed issuer may incorporate by reference 
to a second document that incorporates pertinent information by 
reference to a third document.
* * * * *

PART 230--GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

0
15. The authority citation for part 230 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 77b, 77b note, 77c, 77d, 77f, 77g, 77h, 
77j, 77r, 77s, 77z-3, 77sss, 78c, 78d, 78j, 78l, 78m, 78n, 78o,78o-7 
note, 78t, 78w, 78ll(d), 78mm, 80a-8, 80a-24, 80a-28, 80a-29, 80a-
30, and 80a-37, and Pub. L. 112-106, sec. 201(a), sec. 401, 126 
Stat. 313 (2012), unless otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
16. Amend Sec.  230.405 by adding in alphabetical order the definition 
of Sub-underwriter to read as follows:


Sec.  230.405  Definition of terms.

* * * * *
    Sub-underwriter. The term sub-underwriter means a dealer that is 
participating as an underwriter in an offering by committing to 
purchase securities from a principal underwriter for the securities but 
is not itself in privity of contract with the issuer of the securities.
* * * * *

[[Page 51036]]

0
17. Revise Sec.  230.411 to read as follows:


Sec.  230.411  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Prospectus. Except as provided by this section, Item 1100(c) of 
Regulation AB (Sec.  229.1100(c) of this chapter) for registered 
offerings of asset-backed securities, or unless otherwise provided in 
the appropriate form, information must not be incorporated by reference 
into the prospectus. Where a summary or outline of the provisions of 
any document is required in the prospectus, the summary or outline may 
incorporate by reference particular items, sections or paragraphs of 
any exhibit and may be qualified in its entirety by such reference. In 
any financial statements, incorporating by reference, or cross-
referencing to, information outside of the financial statements is not 
permitted unless otherwise specifically permitted or required by the 
Commission's rules.
    (b) Information not required in a prospectus. Information may be 
incorporated by reference in answer, or partial answer, to any item of 
a registration statement that calls for information not required to be 
included in a prospectus. Except as provided in the Commission's rules, 
financial information required to be given in comparative form for two 
or more fiscal years or periods must not be incorporated by reference 
unless the information incorporated by reference includes the entire 
period for which the comparative data is given. In any financial 
statements, incorporating by reference, or cross-referencing to, 
information outside of the financial statements is not permitted unless 
otherwise specifically permitted or required by the Commission's rules.
    (c) Exhibits. Any document or part thereof filed with the 
Commission pursuant to any Act administered by the Commission may be 
incorporated by reference as an exhibit to any registration statement 
filed with the Commission by the same or any other person. If any 
modification has occurred in the text of any document incorporated by 
reference since the filing thereof, the registrant must file with the 
reference a statement containing the text of such modification and the 
date thereof.
    (d) Hyperlinks. Include an active hyperlink to information 
incorporated into a registration statement or prospectus by reference 
if such information is publicly available on the Commission's 
Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval System (``EDGAR'') at 
the time the registration statement or prospectus is filed. For 
hyperlinking to exhibits, please refer to Item 601 of Regulation S-K 
(Sec.  229.601 of this chapter) or the appropriate form.
    (e) General. Include an express statement clearly describing the 
specific location of the information you are incorporating by 
reference. The statement must identify the document where the 
information was originally filed or submitted and the location of the 
information within that document. The statement must be made at the 
particular place where the information is required, if applicable. 
Information must not be incorporated by reference in any case where 
such incorporation would render the disclosure incomplete, unclear, or 
confusing. For example, unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document.
0
18. Revise Sec.  230.491 to read as follows:


Sec.  230.491  Information to be furnished under paragraph (6) of 
Schedule B.

    Any foreign government filing a registration statement pursuant to 
Schedule B of the act need state, in furnishing the information 
required by paragraph (6), the names and addresses only of principal 
underwriters, namely, underwriters in privity of contract with the 
registrant, provided they are designated as principal underwriters and 
a brief statement is made as to the discounts and commissions to be 
received by sub-underwriters or dealers.

PART 232--REGULATION S-T--GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR 
ELECTRONIC FILINGS

0
19. The authority citation for part 232 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 77c, 77f, 77g, 77h, 77j, 77s(a), 77z-3, 
77sss(a), 78c(b), 78l, 78m, 78n, 78o(d), 78w(a), 78ll, 80a-6(c), 
80a-8, 80a-29, 80a-30, 80a-37, and 7201 et seq.; and 18 U.S.C. 1350, 
unless otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
20. In Sec.  232.11 in alphabetical order add the definition of Cover 
Page Interactive Data File in to read as follows:


Sec.  232.11  Definitions of terms used in Part 232.

* * * * *
    Cover Page Interactive Data File. The term Cover Page Interactive 
Data File means the machine-readable computer code that presents in 
Inline XBRL electronic format the cover page information for specified 
forms as required by Rule 406 (Sec.  232.406 of this chapter).

    Note to definition of Cover Page Interactive Data File:  When a 
filing is submitted using Inline XBRL, if permitted or required and 
as provided by the EDGAR Filer Manual, a portion of the Cover Page 
Interactive Data File must be embedded into a form with the 
remainder submitted as an exhibit to the form.

* * * * *
0
21. Revise the second sentence of paragraph (a) and the third sentence 
of paragraph (d) of Sec.  232.102 to read as follows:


Sec.  232.102  Exhibits.

    (a) * * * Previously filed exhibits, whether in paper or electronic 
format, may be incorporated by reference into an electronic filing to 
the extent permitted by Rule 411 under the Securities Act (Sec.  
230.411 of this chapter), Rule 12b-23 under the Exchange Act (Sec.  
240.12b-23 of this chapter), Rule 0-4 under the Investment Company Act 
(Sec.  270.0-4 of this chapter) or Rule 303 of Regulation S-T (Sec.  
232.303). * * *
* * * * *
    (d) * * * For electronic filings on Form S-6 (Sec.  239.16 of this 
chapter), Form N-14 (Sec.  239.23 of this chapter), Form F-10 (Sec.  
239.40 of this chapter), Form 20-F (Sec.  249.220f of this chapter), 
Form N-5 (Sec.  274.5 of this chapter), Form N-1A (Sec.  274.11A of 
this chapter), Form N-2 (Sec.  274.11a-1 of this chapter), Form N-3 
(Sec.  274.11b of this chapter), Form N-4 (Sec.  274.11c of this 
chapter), Form N-6 (Sec.  274.11d of this chapter), Form N-CSR (Sec.  
274.128 of this chapter), or filings subject to Item 601 of Regulation 
S-K (Sec.  229.601 of this chapter), each exhibit identified in the 
exhibit index (other than an exhibit filed in eXtensible Business 
Reporting Language or an exhibit that is filed with Form ABS-EE (Sec.  
249.1401 of this chapter)) must include an active link to an exhibit 
that is filed with the document or, if the exhibit is incorporated by 
reference, an active hyperlink to the exhibit separately filed on 
EDGAR. * * *
* * * * *
0
22. Amend Sec.  232.105 by revising paragraph (d) and adding paragraph 
(e) as follows:


Sec.  232.105  Use of HTML and hyperlinks.

* * * * *
    (d) Electronic filers submitting Form S-6 (Sec.  239.16 of this 
chapter), Form N-14 (Sec.  239.23 of this chapter), Form F-10 (Sec.  
239.40 of this chapter), Form 20-F (Sec.  249.220f of this chapter), 
Form N-5 (Sec.  274.5 of this chapter), Form N-1A (Sec.  274.11A of 
this chapter), Form N-2 (Sec.  274.11a-1 of this chapter), Form N-3 
(Sec.  274.11b of this chapter), Form N-4 (Sec.  274.11c of this 
chapter), Form N-6

[[Page 51037]]

(Sec.  274.11d of this chapter), Form N-CSR (Sec.  274.128 of this 
chapter), or a registration statement or report subject to Item 601 of 
Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.601 of this chapter), must submit such 
registration statement or report in HTML and each exhibit identified in 
the exhibit index (other than an exhibit filed in eXtensible Business 
Reporting Language or an exhibit filed with Form ABS-EE (Sec.  249.1401 
of this chapter)) must include an active link to an exhibit that is 
filed with the registration statement or report or, if the exhibit is 
incorporated by reference, an active hyperlink to the exhibit 
separately filed on EDGAR, unless such exhibit is filed in paper 
pursuant to a temporary or continuing hardship exemption under Rules 
201 or 202 of Regulation S-T (Sec.  232.201 or Sec.  232.202) or 
pursuant to Rule 311 of Regulation S-T (Sec.  232.311).
    Instructions to paragraph (d): (1) No hyperlink is required for any 
exhibit incorporated by reference that has not been filed with the 
Commission in electronic format.
    (2) An electronic filer must correct an inaccurate or 
nonfunctioning link or hyperlink to an exhibit, in the case of a 
registration statement that is not yet effective, by filing an 
amendment to the registration statement containing the inaccurate or 
nonfunctioning link or hyperlink; or, in the case of a registration 
statement that has become effective or an Exchange Act report, an 
electronic filer must correct the inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or 
hyperlink in the next Exchange Act periodic report that requires, or 
includes, an exhibit pursuant to Item 601 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  
229.601 of this chapter), Form N-CSR (Sec.  274.128 of this chapter), 
or, in the case of a foreign private issuer (as defined in Sec.  
229.405 of this chapter), Form 20-F (Sec.  249.220f of this chapter) or 
Form F-10 (Sec.  239.40 of this chapter). In the case of a registration 
statement on Form S-6 (Sec.  239.16 of this chapter), Form N-14 (Sec.  
239.23 of this chapter), Form N-5 (Sec.  274.5 of this chapter), Form 
N-1A (Sec.  274.11A of this chapter), Form N-2 (Sec.  274.11a-1 of this 
chapter), Form N-3 (Sec.  274.11b of this chapter), Form N-4 (Sec.  
274.11c of this chapter), or Form N-6 (Sec.  274.11d of this chapter) 
that has become effective, an electronic filer must correct an 
inaccurate or nonfunctioning link or hyperlink in the next post-
effective amendment, if any, to the registration statement. 
Alternatively, an electronic filer may correct an inaccurate or 
nonfunctioning link or hyperlink in a registration statement that has 
become effective by filing a post-effective amendment to the 
registration statement.
    (e) Except for exhibits, which are covered by paragraph (d) of this 
section, electronic filers that are incorporating information by 
reference pursuant to Rule 411 under the Securities Act (Sec.  230.411 
of this chapter), Rule 12b-23 under the Exchange Act (Sec.  240.12b-23 
of this chapter), or Rule 0-4 under the Investment Company Act (Sec.  
270.0-4 of this chapter) must submit such registration statement or 
report in HTML and must include an active hyperlink to such 
incorporated information when required by those rules. A hyperlink is 
not required if the incorporated information is filed in paper pursuant 
to a temporary or continuing hardship exemption under Rules 201 or 202 
of Regulation S-T (Sec.  232.201 or Sec.  232.202) or pursuant to Rule 
311 of Regulation S-T (Sec.  232.311).
    Instruction 1 to paragraph (e) of Rule 105. No hyperlink is 
required for any information incorporated by reference that has not 
been filed with the Commission in electronic format.
    Instruction 2 to paragraph (e) of Rule 105. In the case of a 
registration statement that is not yet effective, an electronic filer 
must correct an inaccurate or nonfunctioning hyperlink by filing an 
amendment to such registration statement.
* * * * *
0
23. Revise the first sentence of paragraph (b) of Sec.  232.303 to read 
as follows:


Sec.  232.303  Incorporation by reference.

* * * * *
    (b) If a filer incorporates by reference into an electronic filing 
any portion of an annual or quarterly report to security holders, it 
must also file the portion of the annual or quarterly report to 
security holders in electronic format as an exhibit to the filing, as 
required by Regulation S-K Item 601(b)(13) (Sec.  229.601(b)(13) of 
this chapter). * * *
0
24. Add Sec.  232.406 to read as follows:
* * * * *


Sec.  232.406  Cover Page XBRL Data Tagging.

    Electronic filers submitting Forms 10-K (Sec.  249.310 of this 
chapter), 10-Q (Sec.  249.308a of this chapter), 8-K (Sec.  249.308 of 
this chapter), 20-F (Sec.  249.220f of this chapter) and 40-F (Sec.  
249.240f of this chapter) must tag in Inline XBRL electronic format, in 
the manner provided by the EDGAR Filer Manual, all of the information 
provided by the electronic filer on the cover page of these forms.
* * * * *

PART 239--FORMS PRESCRIBED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

0
25. The authority citation for part 239 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 77c, 77f, 77g, 77h, 77j, 77s, 77z-2, 77z-
3, 77sss, 78c, 78l, 78m, 78n, 78o(d),78o-7 note, 78u-5, 78w(a), 
78ll, 78mm, 80a-2(a), 80a-3, 80a-8, 80a-9, 80a-10, 80a-13, 80a-24, 
80a-26, 80a-29, 80a-30, and 80a-37; and sec. 107, Pub. L. 112-106, 
126 Stat. 312, unless otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
26. Amend Form S-1 (referenced in Sec.  239.11) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction V. under ``General Instructions'', the first 
paragraph of Instruction VII. under ``General Instructions'' and Item 3 
to read as follows:

    Note:  The text of Form S-1 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM S-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

V. Registration of Additional Securities

    * * * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.439(b)).
* * * * *

VII. Eligibility To Use Incorporation by Reference

    If a registrant meets the following requirements in paragraphs A-F 
immediately prior to the time of filing a registration statement on 
this Form, it may elect to provide information required by Items 3 
through 11 of this Form in accordance with Item 11A and Item 12 of this 
Form. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the financial statements, 
incorporating by reference or cross-referencing to information outside 
of the financial statements is not permitted unless otherwise 
specifically permitted or required by the Commission's rules. * * *
* * * * *

Item 3. Summary Information, Risk Factors and Ratio of Earnings to 
Fixed Charges.

    Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation 
S-K

[[Page 51038]]

(Sec.  229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter).
* * * * *
0
27. Amend Form S-3 (referenced in Sec.  239.13) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction IV.A. under ``General Instructions'', Item 3, 
and paragraph (d) of Item 12 to read as follows:

    Note:  The text of Form S-3 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM S-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

IV. Registration of Additional Securities and Additional Classes of 
Securities

    A. Registration of Additional Securities Pursuant to Rule 462(b). * 
* * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].
* * * * *

Item 3. Summary Information, Risk Factors and Ratio of Earnings to 
Fixed Charges.

    Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation 
S-K (Sec.  229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter).
* * * * *

Item 12. Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference.

* * * * *
    (d) Any information required in the prospectus in response to Item 
3 through Item 11 of this Form may be included in the prospectus 
through documents filed pursuant to Section 13(a), 14, or 15(d) of the 
Exchange Act that are incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference 
into the prospectus that is part of the registration statement. 
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the financial statements, 
incorporating by reference or cross-referencing to information outside 
of the financial statements is not permitted unless otherwise 
specifically permitted or required by the Commission's rules.
* * * * *
0
28. Amend Form S-6 (referenced in Sec.  239.16) by revising 
``Instructions as to Exhibits'' to add a paragraph to read as follows:

    Note:  The text of Form S-6 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form S-6

* * * * *
INSTRUCTIONS AS TO EXHIBITS
* * * * *
    Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an active 
link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement or, if 
the exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to the 
exhibit separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is 
amended, each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits 
required with the amendment.
* * * * *
0
29. Amend Form S-11 (referenced in Sec.  239.18) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction G. under ``General Instructions'', the first 
paragraph of instruction H. under ``General Instructions'' and Item 
3(a) to read as follows:

    Note:  The text of Form S-11 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM S-11

FOR REGISTRATION UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 OF SECURITIES OF 
CERTAIN REAL ESTATE COMPANIES
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
* * * * *

G. Registration of Additional Securities

    * * * Any opinion or consent required in the Rule 462(b) 
registration statement may be incorporated by reference from the 
earlier registration statement with respect to the offering, if: (i) 
Such opinion or consent expressly provides for such incorporation; and 
(ii) such opinion relates to the securities registered pursuant to Rule 
462(b). See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].

H. Eligibility to Use Incorporation by Reference

    If a registrant meets the following requirements in paragraphs 1-6 
immediately prior to the time of filing a registration statement on 
this Form, it may elect to provide information required by Items 3 
through 28 of this Form in accordance with Item 28A and Item 29 of this 
Form. Notwithstanding the foregoing, in the financial statements, 
incorporating by reference or cross-referencing to information outside 
of the financial statement is not permitted unless otherwise 
specifically permitted or required by the Commission's rules. * * *
* * * * *

Item 3. Summary Information, Risk Factors and Ratio of Earnings to 
Fixed Charges.

    (a) Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of 
Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter).
* * * * *
0
30. Amend Form N-14 (referenced in Sec.  239.23) by:
0
a. Revising the third paragraph of General Instruction G; and
0
b. Revising the Instruction to Item 16 to add a paragraph to read as 
follows:

    Note:  The text of Form N-14 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-14

* * * * *
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
* * * * *

G. Incorporation by Reference and Delivery of Prospectuses or Reports 
Filed with the Commission

* * * * *
    All incorporation by reference must comply with the requirements of 
this Form and the following rules on incorporation by reference: rule 
411 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.411] (general rules on 
incorporation by reference in a prospectus) and rule 303 of Regulation 
S-T [17 CFR 232.303] (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents).
* * * * *

Item 16. Exhibits

* * * * *

Instruction:

* * * * *
    Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an active 
link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement or, if 
the exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to the 
exhibit separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is 
amended, each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits 
required with the amendment.
* * * * *
0
31. Amend Form S-4 (referenced in Sec.  239.25) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction K. under ``General

[[Page 51039]]

Instructions'' and the first sentence of Item 3 to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form S-4 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM S-4

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

K. Registration of Additional Securities.

    * * * Any opinion or consent required in the Rule 462(b) 
registration statement may be incorporated by reference from the 
earlier registration statement with respect to the offering, if: (i) 
such opinion or consent expressly provides for such incorporation; and 
(ii) such opinion relates to the securities registered pursuant to Rule 
462(b). See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].
* * * * *

Item 3. Risk Factors, Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Other 
Information.

    Provide in the forepart of the prospectus a summary containing the 
information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  
229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter) and the following:
* * * * *
0
32. Amend Form F-1 (referenced in Sec.  239.31) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction V. under ``General Instructions'', the first 
paragraph of instruction VI. under ``General Instructions'' and Item 3 
to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-1 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

V. Registration of Additional Securities

    * * * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].

VI. Eligibility to Use Incorporation by Reference

    If a registrant meets the following requirements immediately prior 
to the time of filing a registration statement on this Form, it may 
elect to provide information required by Item 3 and Item 4 of this Form 
in accordance with Item 4A and Item 5 of this Form. Notwithstanding the 
foregoing, in the financial statements, incorporating by reference or 
cross-referencing to information outside of the financial statements is 
not permitted unless otherwise specifically permitted or required by 
the Commission's rules.
* * * * *

Item 3. Summary Information, Risk Factors and Ratio of Earnings to 
Fixed Charges.

    Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation 
S-K (Sec.  229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter).
* * * * *
0
33. Amend Form F-3 (referenced in Sec.  239.33) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction IV.A. under ``General Instructions'' and Item 3 
to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-3 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
* * * * *
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS
* * * * *
IV. Registration of Additional Securities and Additional Classes of 
Securities
    A. Registration of Additional Securities Pursuant to Rule 462(b). * 
* * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].
* * * * *

Item 3. Summary Information, Risk Factors and Ratio of Earnings to 
Fixed Charges.

    Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation 
S-K (Sec.  229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter).
* * * * *
0
34. Amend Form F-4 (referenced in 239.34) by revising the last sentence 
of Instruction H. under ``General Instructions'' and Item 3 to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-4 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-4

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *
    H. * * * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 
230.439(b)].
* * * * *

Item 3. Risk Factors, Ratio of Earnings to Fixed Charges and Other 
Information.

    Provide in the forepart of the prospectus a summary containing the 
information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  
229.105 and Sec.  229.503 of this chapter) and the following:
* * * * *
0
35. Revise Item 3 of Form F-7 (referenced in Sec.  239.37) to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-7 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-7

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

PART I--INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE SENT TO SHAREHOLDERS

* * * * *

Item 3. Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference

    Information called for by this Form, including exhibits, may be 
incorporated by reference at the Registrant's option from documents 
that the Registrant has filed previously with the Commission pursuant 
to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act or submitted to the 
Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b)

[[Page 51040]]

under the Exchange Act. For information that you are incorporating by 
reference, identify the document where the information was originally 
filed or submitted and the specific location of the information within 
that document. The statement must be made at the particular place where 
the information is required, if applicable. Unless expressly permitted 
or required, disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a 
second document if that second document incorporates information 
pertinent to such disclosure by reference to a third document. If any 
information is incorporated by reference into the prospectus, the 
prospectus must provide the name, address and telephone number of an 
officer of the Registrant from whom copies of such information may be 
obtained upon request without charge.
* * * * *
0
36. Revise Item 3 of Form F-8 (referenced in Sec.  239.38) to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-8 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-8

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

PART I--INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE DELIVERED TO OFFEREES OR PURCHASERS

* * * * *

Item 3. Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference

    Information called for by this Form, including exhibits, may be 
incorporated by reference at the Registrant's option from documents 
that the Registrant has filed previously with the Commission pursuant 
to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act or submitted to the 
Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Exchange Act. For 
information that you are incorporating by reference, identify the 
document where the information was originally filed or submitted and 
the specific location of the information within that document. The 
statement must be made at the particular place where the information is 
required, if applicable. Unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document. If any information is 
incorporated by reference into the prospectus, the prospectus must 
provide the name, address, and telephone number of an officer of the 
Registrant from whom copies of such information may be obtained upon 
request without charge.
* * * * *
0
37. Revise Item 4 of Form F-10 (referenced in Sec.  239.40) to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-10 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-10

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

PART I--INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE DELIVERED TO OFFEREES OR PURCHASERS

* * * * *

Item 4. Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference

    Information called for by this Form, including exhibits, may be 
incorporated by reference at the Registrant's option from documents 
that the Registrant has filed previously with the Commission pursuant 
to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act or submitted to the 
Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Exchange Act. For 
information that you are incorporating by reference, identify the 
document where the information was originally filed or submitted and 
the specific location of the information within that document. The 
statement must be made at the particular place where the information is 
required, if applicable. Unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document. If any information is 
incorporated by reference into the prospectus, the prospectus must 
provide the name, address, and telephone number of an officer of the 
Registrant from whom copies of such information may be obtained upon 
request without charge.
* * * * *
0
38. Revise Item 3 of Form F-80 (referenced in Sec.  239.41) to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form F-80 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM F-80

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

PART I--INFORMATION REQUIRED TO BE DELIVERED TO OFFEREES OR PURCHASERS

* * * * *

Item 3 Incorporation of Certain Information by Reference

    Information called for by this Form, including exhibits, may be 
incorporated by reference at the Registrant's option from documents 
that the Registrant has filed previously with the Commission pursuant 
to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Exchange Act or submitted to the 
Commission pursuant to Rule 12g3-2(b) under the Exchange Act. For 
information that you are incorporating by reference, identify the 
document where the information was originally filed or submitted and 
the specific location of the information within that document. The 
statement must be made at the particular place where the information is 
required, if applicable. Unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document. If any information is 
incorporated by reference into the prospectus, the prospectus must 
provide the name, address, and telephone number of an officer of the 
Registrant from whom copies of such information may be obtained upon 
request without charge.
* * * * *
0
39. Amend Form SF-1 (referenced in Sec.  239.44) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction III. under ``General Instructions'' and the 
last sentence of Item 2 to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form SF-1 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.


[[Page 51041]]



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM SF-1

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

III. Registration of Additional Securities

    * * * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].
* * * * *

Item 2. Inside Front and Outside Back Cover Pages of Prospectus.

    Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation 
S-K (17 CFR 229.105 and 17 CFR 229.503) and Item 1103 of Regulation AB 
(17 CFR 229.1103).
* * * * *
0
40. Amend Form SF-3 (referenced in Sec.  239.45) by revising the last 
sentence of Instruction III. under ``General Instructions'' and the 
last sentence of Item 2 to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form SF-3 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM SF-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

III. Registration of Additional Securities Pursuant to Rule 462(b).

    * * * See Rule 439(b) under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.439(b)].
* * * * *

Item 2. Inside Front and Outside Back Cover Pages of Prospectus.

    Furnish the information required by Items 105 and 503 of Regulation 
S-K (17 CFR 229.105 and 17 CFR 229.503) and Item 1103 of Regulation AB 
(17 CFR 229.1103).
* * * * *

PART 240--GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 
1934

0
41. The authority citation for part 240 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 77c, 77d, 77g, 77j, 77s, 77z-2, 77z-3, 
77eee, 77ggg, 77nnn, 77sss, 77ttt, 78c, 78c-3, 78c-5, 78d, 78e, 78f, 
78g, 78i, 78j, 78j-1, 78k, 78k-1, 78l, 78m, 78n, 78n-1, 78o, 78o-4, 
78o-10, 78p, 78q, 78q-1, 78s, 78u-5, 78w, 78x, 78ll, 78mm, 80a-20, 
80a-23, 80a-29, 80a-37, 80b-3, 80b-4, 80b-11, and 7201 et seq., and 
8302; 7 U.S.C. 2(c)(2)(E); 12 U.S.C. 5221(e)(3); 18 U.S.C. 1350; 
Pub. L. 111-203, 939A, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010); and Pub. L. 112-106, 
sec. 503 and 602, 126 Stat. 326 (2012), unless otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
42. Revise Sec.  240.12b-13 to read as follows:


Sec.  240.12b-13  Preparation of statement or report.

    Except as provided by the appropriate form, the statement or report 
must contain the numbers and captions of all items of such form. The 
text of the items may be omitted if the answers thereto are so prepared 
as to indicate to the reader the coverage of the items without the 
necessity of referring to the text of the items or instructions 
thereto. Where any item requires information to be given in tabular 
form, it must be given in substantially the tabular form specified in 
the item. All instructions, whether appearing under the items of the 
form or elsewhere therein, must be omitted. Unless expressly provided 
otherwise, if any item is inapplicable or the answer thereto is in the 
negative, an appropriate statement to that effect must be made.
0
43. Revise Sec.  240.12b-23 to read as follows:


Sec.  240.12b-23  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Registration statement or report. Except as provided by this 
section or in the appropriate form, information may be incorporated by 
reference in answer, or partial answer, to any item of a registration 
statement or report.
    (b) Financial information. Except as provided in the Commission's 
rules, financial information required to be given in comparative form 
for two or more fiscal years or periods must not be incorporated by 
reference unless the information incorporated by reference includes the 
entire period for which the comparative data is given. In the financial 
statements, incorporating by reference, or cross-referencing to, 
information outside of the financial statements is not permitted unless 
otherwise specifically permitted or required by the Commission's rules.
    (c) Exhibits. Any document or part thereof filed with the 
Commission pursuant to any Act administered by the Commission may be 
incorporated by reference as an exhibit to any statement or report 
filed with the Commission by the same or any other person. Any document 
or part thereof filed with an exchange pursuant to the Act may be 
incorporated by reference as an exhibit to any statement or report 
filed with the exchange by the same or any other person. If any 
modification has occurred in the text of any document incorporated by 
reference since the filing thereof, the registrant must file with the 
reference a statement containing the text of any such modification and 
the date thereof.
    (d) Hyperlinks. You must include an active hyperlink to information 
incorporated into a registration statement or report by reference if 
such information is publicly available on the Commission's Electronic 
Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval System (``EDGAR'') at the time 
the registration statement or form is filed. For hyperlinking to 
exhibits, please refer to Item 601 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.601 of 
this chapter) or the appropriate form.
    (e) General. Include an express statement clearly describing the 
specific location of the information you are incorporating by 
reference. The statement must identify the document where the 
information was originally filed or submitted and the location of the 
information within that document. The statement must be made at the 
particular place where the information is required, if applicable. 
Information must not be incorporated by reference in any case where 
such incorporation would render the disclosure incomplete, unclear, or 
confusing. For example, unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document.


Sec.  240.12b-32  [Removed and reserved].

0
44. Remove and reserve Sec.  240.12b-32.
0
45. Revise the first sentence of Note D.1 of Sec.  240.14a-101 to read 
as follows:


Sec.  240.14a-101  Schedule 14A. Information required in proxy 
statement.

* * * * *
    D. * * *
    1. Disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second 
document if that second document incorporates information pertinent to

[[Page 51042]]

such disclosure by reference to a third document. * * *
* * * * *
0
46. Remove and reserve paragraph (e) of Sec.  240.16a-3.

PART 249--FORMS, SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

0
47. The authority citation for part 249 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 78a et seq. and 7201 et seq.; 12 U.S.C. 
5461 et seq.; 18 U.S.C. 1350; Sec. 953(b), Pub. L. 111-203, 124 
Stat. 1904; Sec. 102(a)(3), Pub. L. 112-106, 126 Stat. 309 (2012); 
Sec. 107, Pub. L. 112-106, 126 Stat. 313 (2012), and Sec. 72001, 
Pub. L. 114-94, 129 Stat. 1312 (2015), unless otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
48. Remove and reserve paragraph (c) of General Instruction 3 to Form 3 
(referenced in Sec.  249.103).
0
49. Remove and reserve paragraph (c) of General Instruction 2 to Form 4 
(referenced in Sec.  249.104).
0
50. Remove and reserve paragraph (c) of General Instruction 2 to Form 5 
(referenced in Sec.  249.105).
0
51. Amend Form 8-A (referenced in Sec.  249.208a) by revising the 
Instructions as to Exhibits to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form 8-A does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 8-A

FOR REGISTRATION OF CERTAIN CLASSES OF SECURITIES PURSUANT TO SECTION 
12(b) OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

* * * * *

INSTRUCTIONS FOR EXHIBITS

    If the securities to be registered on this form are to be 
registered on an exchange on which other securities of the registrant 
are registered, or are to be registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of 
the Act, copies of all constituent instruments defining the rights of 
the holders of each class of such securities, including any contracts 
or other documents which limit or qualify the rights of such holders, 
must be filed as exhibits with each copy of the registration statement 
filed with the Commission or with an exchange, subject to Rule 12b-
23(c) regarding incorporation of exhibits by reference.
0
52. Amend Form 10 (referenced in 249.210) by revising the first 
sentence in Item 1A and Instruction C(a) under ``General Instructions'' 
to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form 10 does not, and this amendment will not, 
appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10

GENERAL FORM FOR REGISTRATION OF SECURITIES PURSUANT TO SECTION 12(b) 
OR (g) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

* * * * *

INFORMATION REQUIRED IN REGISTRATION STATEMENT

* * * * *

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

    Set forth, under the caption ``Risk Factors,'' where appropriate, 
the risk factors described in Item 105 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.105 
of this chapter) applicable to the registrant. * * *
* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

C. Preparation of Registration Statement.

    (a) This form is not to be used as a blank form to be filled in, 
but only as a guide in the preparation of the registration statement on 
paper meeting the requirements of Rule 12b-12 [17 CFR 240.12b-12]. The 
numbers or captions of items are not required unless expressly required 
by this form or the referenced disclosure requirements. The text of the 
items may be omitted. Otherwise, the answers to the items must be 
prepared in the manner specified in Rule 12b-13 [17 CFR 240.12b-13].
* * * * *
0
53. Amend Form 20-F (referenced in Sec.  249.220f) by:
0
a. Adding a field to the cover page to include trading symbol(s);
0
b. Revising Instruction C(a) under ``General Instructions'';
0
c. Adding Instruction 6 under ``Instructions to Item 5'';
0
d. Revising Instruction 1(b) under ``Instructions to Item 10'';
0
e. Revising Instructions 1 and 2 under ``Instructions to Item 12'';
0
f. Revising the introductory text, Instruction 4(a) and Instruction 8 
and adding Instructions 2(d) and 104 under ``Instructions As To 
Exhibits'' to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form 20-F does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 20-F

* * * * *
    Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) 
of the Act.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Trading
              Title of each class                  symbol(s)        Name of each exchange on which registered
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

C. How to Prepare Registration Statements and Reports on This Form.

    (a) Do not use this Form as a blank form to be filled in; use it 
only as a guide in the preparation of the registration statement or 
annual report. General Instruction E states which items must be 
responded to in a registration statement and which items must be 
responded to in an annual report. The number or captions of items are 
not required unless expressly required by this form. You may also omit 
the text following each caption in this Form, which describes what must 
be disclosed under each item. Omit the text of all instructions in this 
Form. If an item is inapplicable or the answer to the item is in the 
negative, respond to the item by making a statement to that effect.
* * * * *

Item 5. Operating and Financial Review and Prospects

* * * * *

[[Page 51043]]

    Instructions to Item 5:
* * * * *
    6. Generally, the discussion shall cover the periods covered by the 
financial statements and the registrant may use any format that in the 
registrant's judgment enhances a reader's understanding.
    For registrants providing financial statements covering three years 
in a filing, disclosure about the earliest year would not be required 
if (i) that disclosure is not material to an understanding of the 
registrant's financial condition, changes in financial condition and 
results of operations and (ii) the registrant has filed its prior year 
Form 20-F on EDGAR containing an Operating and Financial Review and 
Prospects discussion of the earliest of the three years included in the 
financial statements of the current filing.
* * * * *

Item 10. Additional Information

* * * * *
    Instructions to Item 10:
* * * * *

1 * * *

    (b) If the information called for by Item 10.B has been reported 
previously in a registration statement on Form 20[dash]F or a 
registration statement filed under the Securities Act and has not 
changed, you may incorporate that information by a specific reference 
in the annual report to the previous registration statement or, to the 
extent that this information has been provided in the exhibit required 
by instruction 2(d) of the Instructions as to Exhibits, you may refer 
to the exhibit for this information.
* * * * *

Item 12. Description of Securities Other than Equity Securities

* * * * *
    Instructions to Item 12:
* * * * *
    1. If you are using the form as an annual report, provide the 
information required by Item 12.D.3 and Item 12.D.4 under this Item of 
your annual report and provide the remainder of the information 
required by this Item in an exhibit to such report pursuant to 
paragraph 2(d) of Instructions as to Exhibits.
    2. You do not need to include any information in a registration 
statement, prospectus, or annual report on Form 20-F in response to 
Item 305(a)(2) of the Trust Indenture Act of 1939, 15 U.S.C. 77aaa et 
seq., as amended, if the information is not otherwise required by this 
Item or Instruction 2(d) under Instructions as to Exhibits of this 
Form.

INSTRUCTIONS AS TO EXHIBITS

    File the exhibits listed below as part of an Exchange Act 
registration statement or report. Exchange Act Rule 12b-23(c) explains 
the circumstances in which you may incorporate exhibits by reference. 
Exchange Act Rule 24b-2 explains the procedure to be followed in 
requesting confidential treatment of information required to be filed.
    Previously filed exhibits may be incorporated by reference. If any 
previously filed exhibits have been amended or modified, file copies of 
the amendment or modification or copies of the entire exhibit as 
amended or modified.
    If the Form 20-F registration statement or annual report requires 
the inclusion, as an exhibit or attachment, of a document that is in a 
foreign language, you must provide instead either an English 
translation or an English summary of the foreign language document in 
accordance with Exchange Act Rule 12b-12(d) (17 CFR 240.12b-12(d)) for 
both electronic and paper filings. You may submit a copy of the 
unabridged foreign language document along with the English translation 
or summary as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 306(b) (17 CFR 
232.306(b)) for electronic filings or by Exchange Act Rule 12b-12(d)(4) 
(17 CFR 240.12b-12(d) (4)) for paper filings.
    Include an exhibit index in each registration statement or report 
you file, immediately preceding the exhibits you are filing. The 
exhibit index must list each exhibit according to the number assigned 
to it below. If an exhibit is incorporated by reference, note that fact 
in the exhibit index. For paper filings, the pages of the manually 
signed original registration statement should be numbered in sequence, 
and the exhibit index should give the page number in the sequential 
numbering system where each exhibit can be found.
    Schedules (or similar attachments) to the exhibits required by this 
Form 20-F are not required to be filed unless such schedules contain 
information material to an investment or voting decision and that 
information is not otherwise disclosed in the exhibit or the disclosure 
document. Each exhibit filed must contain a list briefly identifying 
the contents of all omitted schedules. In addition, the registrant must 
provide a copy of any omitted schedule to the Commission staff upon 
request.
    The registrant may redact information from exhibits required to be 
filed by this Form 20-F if disclosure of that that information would 
constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy (e.g., 
disclosure of bank account numbers, social security numbers, home 
addresses and similar information). The registrant is not required to 
undertake or provide to the Commission upon request a materiality or 
competitive harm analysis of this redacted information.
* * * * *
    2 * * *
    (d) If a registrant is filing an annual report under Exchange Act 
Section 13(a) or 15(d), the registrant must provide as an exhibit a 
description of the rights of each class of securities that is 
registered under Section 12 of the Exchange Act as of the end of the 
period covered by the report with which the exhibit is filed. The 
description must include information for the securities comparable to 
that required by Item 9.A.3, A.5, A.6, and A.7, Item 10.B.3, B.4, B.6, 
B.7, B.8, B.9, and B.10, and Item 12.A, 12.B, 12.C, and 12.D.1 and 
12.D.2 of Form 20-F (collectively, the ``Description of Securities''). 
However, for purposes of this paragraph 2(d), all references in those 
Items to securities to be or being registered, offered or sold will 
mean securities that are registered as of the end of the period covered 
by the report with which the exhibit is filed. In addition, for 
purposes of this Item, the disclosure will be required for classes of 
securities that have not been retired by the end of the period covered 
by the report. A registrant may incorporate by reference and provide an 
active hyperlink to a prior periodic filing containing the disclosure 
required by this paragraph 2(d) so long as there has not been any 
change to the information called for by the Description of Securities 
since the filing date of the linked filing. Such hyperlink will be 
deemed to satisfy the requirements of this paragraph 2(d) for the 
current filing.
* * * * *
    4.(a) Every contract not made in the ordinary course of business 
that is material to the registrant and is to be performed in whole or 
in part at or after the filing of the registration statement or report. 
In addition, for newly reporting registrants, every contract not made 
in the ordinary course of business that is material to the registrant 
and that was entered into not more than two years before the date on 
which such registrant:
    (i) first files a registration statement or report; or
    (ii) completes a transaction that had the effect of causing it to 
cease being a public shell company.
    The only contracts that must be filed are those to which the 
registrant or a subsidiary of the registrant is a party or

[[Page 51044]]

has succeeded to a party by assumption or assignment or in which the 
registrant or such subsidiary has a beneficial interest.
    The registrant may redact provisions or terms of exhibits required 
to be filed by this Form 20-F if those provisions or terms are both (i) 
not material and (ii) competitively harmful to the registrant if 
publicly disclosed. If it does so, the registrant should mark the 
exhibit or exhibits to indicate that portions of the exhibit or 
exhibits have been omitted and include a prominent statement on the 
first page of the redacted exhibit that certain identified information 
has been excluded from the exhibit because it is both (i) not material 
and (ii) competitively harmful to the registrant if publicly disclosed. 
The registrant also must indicate by brackets where the information is 
omitted from the filed version of the exhibit.
    If requested by the Commission staff, the registrant must provide 
an unredacted paper copy of the exhibit on a supplemental basis. The 
Commission staff also may request the registrant to provide its 
materiality and competitive harm analyses on a supplemental basis. Upon 
evaluation of the registrant's supplemental materials, the Commission 
staff may request the registrant to amend its filing to include in the 
exhibit any previously redacted information that is not adequately 
supported by the registrant's materiality and competitive harm 
analyses.
    The registrant may request confidential treatment of the 
supplemental material submitted to the Commission or the staff pursuant 
to Rule 83 (17 CFR 200.83) while it is in the possession of the 
Commission staff. After reviewing the supplemental information, the 
Commission staff will return or destroy it at the request of the 
registrant, if the registrant complies with the procedures outlined in 
Rules 418 or 12b-4 (17 CFR 230.418 or 17 CFR 240.12b-4).

    Note: A ``newly reporting registrant'' is (i) any registrant 
filing a registration statement that, at the time of such filing, is 
not subject to the reporting requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) 
of the Exchange Act, whether or not such registrant has ever 
previously been subject to the reporting requirements of Section 
13(a) or 15(d), (ii) any registrant that has not filed an annual 
report since the revival of a previously suspended reporting 
obligation, and (iii) any registrant that (a) was a shell company, 
other than a business combination related shell company, as defined 
in Rule 12b-2 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.12b-2), immediately 
before completing a transaction that has the effect of causing it to 
cease being a shell company and (b) has not filed a Form 20-F since 
the completion of such transaction. For example, newly reporting 
registrants would include (i) a registrant that is filing its first 
registration statement under the Securities Act or the Exchange Act, 
and (ii) a registrant that was a public shell company, other than a 
business combination related shell company, and completes a reverse 
merger transaction causing it to cease being a shell company.

* * * * *
8. List the following information for the registrant and each of its 
subsidiaries: the name, the legal entity identifier (if any), the state 
or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization, and the names 
under which the entity does business. This list may be incorporated by 
reference from another filed document which includes a complete and 
accurate list. ``Legal entity identifier'' means, with respect to any 
registrant or its subsidiaries, the legal entity identifier as assigned 
by a utility endorsed by the Global LEI Regulatory Oversight Committee 
or accredited by the Global LEI Foundation. You may omit the names of 
subsidiaries that, in the aggregate, would not be a ``significant 
subsidiary'' as defined in rule 1-02(w) of Regulation S-X as of the end 
of the year covered by the report. You may omit the names of multiple 
wholly owned subsidiaries carrying on the same line of business, such 
as chain stores or service stations, if you give the name of the 
immediate parent company, the line of business and the number of 
omitted subsidiaries broken down by U.S. and foreign operations.
* * * * *
102 and 103 [Reserved]
104. Cover Page Interactive Data File. If the Form 20-F is being used 
as an annual report, a Cover Page Interactive Data File (as defined in 
17 CFR 232.11) as required by Rule 406 of Regulation S-T [17 CFR 
232.406], and in the manner provided by the EDGAR Filer Manual.
0
54. Amend Form 40-F (referenced in Sec.  249.240f) by:
0
a. Adding a field to the cover page to include trading symbol(s); and
0
b. Adding paragraph B.17 under ``General Instructions'' to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form 40-F does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 40-F

* * * * *
    Securities registered or to be registered pursuant to Section 12(b) 
of the Act.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Trading
              Title of each class                  symbol(s)        Name of each exchange on which registered
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
B. Information To Be Filed on this Form
* * * * *
(17) Cover Page Interactive Data File. If the Form 40-F is being used 
as an annual report, a Cover Page Interactive Data File (as defined in 
17 CFR 232.11) as required by Rule 406 of Regulation S-T [17 CFR 
232.406], in the manner provided by the EDGAR Filer Manual and listed 
as exhibit 104.
* * * * *
0
55. Amend Form 8-K (referenced in Sec.  249.308) by adding a field to 
the cover page for securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of 
the Exchange Act, the title of each class of such securities, trading 
symbol(s) and name of each exchange on which registered:

    Note: The text of Form 8-K does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 8-K

* * * * *
    Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

[[Page 51045]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Trading
              Title of each class                  symbol(s)        Name of each exchange on which registered
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                ................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
0
56. Amend Form 10-Q (referenced in Sec.  249.308a) by adding a field to 
the cover page for securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of 
the Exchange Act, the title of each class of such securities, trading 
symbol(s) and name of each exchange on which registered:

    Note: The text of Form 10-Q does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-Q

* * * * *
    Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Trading
              Title of each class                  symbol(s)        Name of each exchange on which registered
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                ................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
0
57. Amend Form 10-K (referenced in Sec.  249.310) by:
0
a. Revising Instruction (C)(1) and the last sentence of Instruction 
(G)(3) under ``General Instructions'', the first sentence in Item 1A, 
and paragraph (a) under ``Supplemental Information to be Furnished With 
Reports Filed Pursuant to Section 15(d) of the Act by Registrants Which 
Have Not Registered Securities Pursuant to Section 12 of the Act'';
0
b. Removing the second sentence of Instruction (G)(4) under ``General 
Instructions'', the checkbox that relates to disclosure under Item 405, 
and the instruction to Item 10; and
0
c. Adding a field to the cover page to include trading symbol(s) to 
read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form 10-K does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES 
EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

C. Preparation of Report.

    (1) This form is not to be used as a blank form to be filled in, 
but only as a guide in the preparation of the report on paper meeting 
the requirements of Rule 12b-12. Except as provided in this instruction 
and General Instruction G, the answers to the items must be prepared in 
the manner specified in Rule 12b-13. The numbers or captions of items 
are not required unless expressly required by this form or the 
referenced disclosure requirements.
* * * * *

G. Information to be Incorporated by Reference.

* * * * *
    (3) * * * See the Instruction to Item 401 of Regulation S-K (Sec.  
229.401 of this chapter).
* * * * *

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-K

    Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Trading
              Title of each class                  symbol(s)        Name of each exchange on which registered
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    Item 1A. Risk Factors. Set forth, under the caption ``Risk 
Factors,'' where appropriate, the risk factors described in Item 105 of 
Regulation S-K (Sec.  229.105 of this chapter) applicable to the 
registrant. * * *
* * * * *

Supplemental Information to be Furnished With Reports Filed Pursuant to 
Section 15(d) of the Act by Registrants Which Have Not Registered 
Securities Pursuant to Section 12 of the Act

    (a) Except to the extent that the materials enumerated in (1) and/
or (2) below are specifically incorporated into this Form by reference, 
every registrant which files an annual report on this Form pursuant to 
Section 15(d) of the Act must furnish to the Commission for its 
information, at the time of filing its report on this Form, four copies 
of the following: * * *
* * * * *
0
58. Amend Form 10-D (referenced in Sec.  249.312 of this chapter) by:
0
a. Removing and reserving General Instruction D(2)(a); and
0
b. Revising General Instruction D(2)(d) to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form 10-D does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.


[[Page 51046]]



UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, DC 20549

FORM 10-D

ASSET-BACKED ISSUER DISTRIBUTION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) 
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *
(d) Exchange Act Rules 12b-23 (17 CFR 240.12b-23) (additional rules on 
incorporation by reference for reports filed pursuant to Sections 13 
and 15(d) of the Act).
* * * * *

PART 270--RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1934

0
59. The authority citation for part 270 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 80a-1 et seq., 80a-34(d), 80a-37, 80a-39, 
and Pub. L. 111-203, sec. 939A, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010), unless 
otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
60. Revise Sec.  270.0-4 to read as follows:


Sec.  270.0-4  Incorporation by reference.

    (a) Registration statements and reports. Except as provided by this 
section or in the appropriate form, information may be incorporated by 
reference in answer, or partial answer, to any item of a registration 
statement or report. Where an item requires a summary or outline of the 
provisions of any document, the summary or outline may incorporate by 
reference particular items, sections, or paragraphs of any exhibit and 
may be qualified in its entirety by such reference.
    (b) Financial information. Except as provided in the Commission's 
rules, financial information required to be given in comparative form 
for two or more fiscal years or periods must not be incorporated by 
reference unless the information incorporated by reference includes the 
entire period for which the comparative data is given. In the financial 
statements, incorporating by reference, or cross-referencing to, 
information provided pursuant to the non-financial information 
disclosure requirements is not permitted unless otherwise specifically 
permitted or required by the Commission's rules.
    (c) Exhibits. Any document or part thereof, including any financial 
statement or part thereof, filed with the Commission pursuant to any 
Act administered by the Commission may be incorporated by reference as 
an exhibit to any registration statement, application, or report filed 
with the Commission by the same or any other person. If any 
modification has occurred in the text of any document incorporated by 
reference since the filing thereof, the registrant must file with the 
reference a statement containing the text of any such modification and 
the date thereof.
    (d) Hyperlinks. Include an active hyperlink to information 
incorporated into a registration statement, application, or report by 
reference if such information is publicly available on the Commission's 
Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval System (``EDGAR'') at 
the time the registration statement, application, or report is filed. 
For hyperlinking to exhibits, please refer to the appropriate form.
    (e) General. Include an express statement clearly describing the 
specific location of the information you are incorporating by 
reference. The statement must identify the document where the 
information was originally filed or submitted and the location of the 
information within that document. The statement must be made at the 
particular place where the information is required, if applicable. 
Information must not be incorporated by reference in any case where 
such incorporation would render the disclosure incomplete, unclear, or 
confusing. For example, unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document.


Sec.  270.8b-23   [Removed and reserved].

0
61. Remove and reserve Sec.  270.8b-23.


Sec.  270.8b-24   [Removed and reserved].

0
62. Remove and reserve Sec.  270.8b-24.


Sec.  270.8b-32   [Removed and reserved].

0
63. Remove and reserve Sec.  270.8b-32.
* * * * *

PART 274--FORMS PRESCRIBED UNDER THE INVESTMENT COMPANY ACT OF 1934

0
64. The authority citation for part 274 continues to read in part as 
follows:

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 77f, 77g, 77h, 77j, 77s, 78c(b), 78l, 78m, 
78n, 78(o)(d), 80a-8, 80a-26, 80a-29, and Pub. L. 111-203, sec. 
939A, 124 Stat. 1376 (2010), unless otherwise noted.
* * * * *
0
65. Amend Form N-5 (referenced in Sec.  274.5 of this chapter) by 
revising ``Instructions as to Exhibits'' to add a paragraph to read as 
follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-5 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-5

* * * * *

INSTRUCTIONS AS TO EXHIBITS

* * * * *
    Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an active 
link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement or, if 
the exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to the 
exhibit separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is 
amended, each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits 
required with the amendment.
* * * * *
0
66. Amend Form N-1A (referenced in Sec.  274.11A of this chapter) by:
0
a. Revising General Instruction D.2; and
0
b. Revising the Instruction to Item 28 to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-1A does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-1A

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

D. Incorporation by Reference

* * * * *

2. General Requirements

    All incorporation by reference must comply with the requirements of 
this Form and the following rules on incorporation by reference: rule 
411 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.411] (general rules on 
incorporation by reference in a prospectus); rule 303 of Regulation S-T 
[17 CFR 232.303] (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents); and rule 0-4 [17 CFR 270.0-4] (additional rules on 
incorporation by reference for Funds).
* * * * *

Item 28. Exhibits

* * * * *

Instruction

    Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index (other than an exhibit 
filed in eXtensible Business Reporting Language) must include an active 
link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement or, if 
the exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to the 
exhibit separately filed

[[Page 51047]]

on EDGAR. If the registration statement is amended, each amendment must 
include active hyperlinks to the exhibits required with the amendment.
    A Fund that is a Feeder Fund also must file a copy of all codes of 
ethics applicable to the Master Fund.
* * * * *
0
67. Amend Form N-2 (referenced in Sec.  274.11a-1 of this chapter) by:
0
a. Revising General Instruction F; and
0
b. Revising the Instructions to Item 25.2 to add Instruction 4 to read 
as follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-2 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-2

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

F. Incorporation by Reference

    Incorporation by reference permits a Registrant to include 
documents and exhibits filed previously with the Commission as part of 
the registration statement by making reference to where, and under what 
designation, these documents can be found in previous filings. A 
Registrant may incorporate all or part of the Statement of Additional 
Information (the ``SAI'') into the prospectus delivered to investors 
without physically delivering the SAI with the prospectus, so long as 
the SAI is available to investors upon request at no charge and any 
information or documents incorporated by reference into the SAI are 
provided along with the SAI, except to the extent provided by paragraph 
F.3 below.
    In general, a Registrant may incorporate by reference, in response 
to any item of Form N-2 not required to be included in the prospectus, 
any information contained elsewhere in the registration statement or in 
other statements, applications, or reports filed with the Commission.
    A Registrant may incorporate by reference into the prospectus or 
the SAI in response to Item 4.1 or 24 of this form the information 
contained in Form N-CSR [17 CFR 249.331 and 274.128] or any report to 
shareholders meeting the requirements of Section 30(e) of the 1940 Act 
[15 U.S.C. 80a-29(e)] and Rule 30e-1 [17 CFR 270.30e-1] thereunder (and 
a Registrant that has elected to be regulated as a business development 
company may so incorporate into Items 4.2, 8.6.c, or 24 of this form 
the information contained in its annual report under the Securities 
Exchange Act of 1934 [15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.] (the ``Exchange Act'')), 
provided:
    1. The material incorporated by reference is prepared in accordance 
with, and covers the periods specified by, this form.
    2. The Registrant states in the prospectus or the SAI, at the place 
where the information required by Items 4.1, 4.2, 8.6.c, or 24 of this 
form would normally appear, that the information is incorporated by 
reference from a report to shareholders or a report on Form N-CSR. (The 
Registrant also may describe briefly, in either the prospectus, the 
SAI, or Part C of the registration statement (in response to Item 25.1) 
those portions of the report to shareholders or report on Form N-CSR 
that are not incorporated by reference and are not a part of the 
registration statement.)
    3. The material incorporated by reference is provided with the 
prospectus and/or the SAI to each person to whom the prospectus and/or 
the SAI is sent or given, unless the person holds securities of the 
Registrant and otherwise has received a copy of the material. (The 
Registrant must state in the prospectus and/or the SAI that it will 
furnish, without charge, a copy of such material on request and provide 
the name, address, and telephone number of the person to contact.)
    All incorporation by reference must comply with the requirements of 
this Form and the following rules on incorporation by reference: rule 
411 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.411] (general rules on 
incorporation by reference in a prospectus); rule 303 of Regulation S-T 
[17 CFR 232.303] (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents); and rule 0-4 [17 CFR 270.0-4] (additional rules on 
incorporation by reference for investment companies).
* * * * *

Item 25. Financial Statements and Exhibits

* * * * *
2. Exhibits:
* * * * *

Instructions

* * * * *
    4. Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an 
active link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement 
or, if the exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to 
the exhibit separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is 
amended, each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits 
required with the amendment.
* * * * *
0
68. Amend Form N-3 (referenced in Sec.  274.11b of this chapter) by:
0
a. Revising General Instruction G; and
0
b. Revising the Instructions to Item 29(b) to add Instruction 3 to read 
as follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-3 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-3

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

G. Incorporation by Reference

    A Registrant may, at its discretion, incorporate all or part of the 
Statement of Additional Information into the prospectus, without 
physically delivering the Statement of Additional Information to 
investors with the prospectus. But the Statement of Additional 
Information must be available to the investor upon request at no charge 
and any information or documents incorporated by reference into the 
Statement of Additional Information must be provided along with the 
Statement of Additional Information.
    In general, a Registrant may incorporate by reference, in the 
answer to any item of Form N-3 not required to be in the prospectus, 
any information elsewhere in the registration statement or in other 
statements, applications, or reports led with the Commission.
    Subject to these rules, a Registrant may incorporate by reference 
into the prospectus or the Statement of Additional Information in 
response to Items 4(a) or 28 of Form N-3 the information in Form N-CSR 
[17 CFR 249.331 and 274.128] or any report to contract owners meeting 
the requirements of Section 30(e) of the 1940 Act [15 U.S.C. 80a-29(e)] 
and Rule 30e-1 [17 CFR 270.30e-1] provided:
    1. The material incorporated by reference is prepared in accordance 
with, and covers the periods specified by, this Form.
    2. The Registrant states in the prospectus or the Statement of 
Additional Information, at the place where the information would 
normally appear, that the information is incorporated by reference from 
a report to security holders or a report on Form N-CSR. The Registrant 
may also describe, in either the prospectus, the Statement of 
Additional Information, or Part C of the Registration Statement (in 
response to Item 29(a)), any parts of the report to security holders or 
the report on Form N-CSR that are not

[[Page 51048]]

incorporated by reference and are not a part of the Registration 
Statement.
    3. The material incorporated by reference is provided with the 
prospectus or the Statement of Additional Information to each person to 
whom the prospectus or the Statement of Additional Information is 
given, unless the person holds securities of the Registrant and 
otherwise has received a copy of the material. However, Registrant must 
state in the prospectus or the Statement of Additional Information that 
it will furnish, without charge, another copy of such report on request 
and the name, address, and telephone number of the person to contact.
    All incorporation by reference must comply with the requirements of 
this Form and the following rules on incorporation by reference: rule 
411 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.411] (general rules on 
incorporation by reference in a prospectus); rule 303 of Regulation S-T 
[17 CFR 232.303] (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents); and rule 0-4 [17 CFR 270.0-4] (additional rules on 
incorporation by reference for investment companies).
* * * * *

Item 29. Financial Statements and Exhibits

* * * * *
(b) Exhibits:
* * * * *

Instructions

* * * * *
    3. Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an 
active link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement 
or, if the exhibit is incorporated by reference, an active hyperlink to 
the exhibit separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is 
amended, each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits 
required with the amendment.
* * * * *
0
69. Amend Form N-4 (referenced in Sec.  274.11c of this chapter) by:
0
a. Revising General Instruction G; and
0
b. Revising the Instructions to Item 24(b) to add Instruction 3 to read 
as follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-4 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-4

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

G. Incorporation by Reference

    A Registrant may, at its discretion, incorporate all or part of the 
Statement of Additional Information into the prospectus, without 
physically delivering the Statement of Additional Information to 
investors with the prospectus. But the Statement of Additional 
Information must be available to the investor upon request at no charge 
and any information or documents incorporated by reference into the 
Statement of Additional Information must be provided along with the 
Statement of Additional Information.
    All incorporation by reference must comply with the requirements of 
this Form and the following rules on incorporation by reference: rule 
411 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.411] (general rules on 
incorporation by reference in a prospectus); rule 303 of Regulation S-T 
[17 CFR 232.303] (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents); and rule 0-4 [17 CFR 270.0-4] (additional rules on 
incorporation by reference for investment companies).
    In general, a Registrant may incorporate by reference, in the 
answer to any item of Form N-4 not required to be in the prospectus, 
any information elsewhere in the registration statement or in other 
statements, applications, or reports led with the Commission.
* * * * *

Item 24. Financial Statements and Exhibits

* * * * *
(b) Exhibits:
* * * * *

Instructions:

* * * * *
    3. Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an 
active link to an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement 
or, if the exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to 
the exhibit separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is 
amended, each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits 
required with the amendment.
* * * * *
0
70. Amend Form N-6 (referenced in Sec.  274.11d of this chapter) by:
0
a. Revising General Instruction D.2; and
0
b. Revising Item 26 to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-6 does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.

Form N-6

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

B. Filing and Use of Form N-6

* * * * *

4. What rules apply to the filing of a registration statement on Form 
N-6?

* * * * *

D. Incorporation by Reference

* * * * *

2. General Requirements:

    All incorporation by reference must comply with the requirements of 
this Form and the following rules on incorporation by reference: rule 
411 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.411] (general rules on 
incorporation by reference in a prospectus); rule 303 of Regulation S-T 
[17 CFR 232.303] (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents); and rule 0-4, [17 CFR 270.0-4] (additional rules on 
incorporation by reference for investment companies).
* * * * *

Item 26. Exhibits

    Subject to General Instruction D regarding incorporation by 
reference and rule 483 under the Securities Act [17 CFR 230.483], file 
the exhibits listed below as part of the registration statement. Letter 
or number the exhibits in the sequence indicated and file copies rather 
than originals, unless otherwise required by rule 483. Reflect any 
exhibit incorporated by reference in the list below and identify the 
previously filed document containing the incorporated material. Each 
exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an active link to 
an exhibit that is filed with the registration statement or, if the 
exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to the exhibit 
separately filed on EDGAR. If the registration statement is amended, 
each amendment must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits required 
with the amendment.
    (a) * * *
* * * * *
0
71. Amend Form N-CSR (referenced in Sec.  274.128 of this chapter) by:
0
a. Revising General Instruction D; and
0
b. Revising the Instruction to Item 12 to read as follows:

    Note: The text of Form N-CSR does not, and this amendment will 
not, appear in the Code of Federal Regulations.


[[Page 51049]]



Form N-CSR

* * * * *

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS

* * * * *

D. Incorporation by Reference

    A registrant may incorporate by reference information required by 
Items 4, 5, and 12(a)(1). No other Items of the Form shall be answered 
by incorporating any information by reference. The information required 
by Items 4 and 5 may be incorporated by reference from the registrant's 
definitive proxy statement (filed or required to be filed pursuant to 
Regulation 14A (17 CFR 240.14a-1 et seq.)) or definitive information 
statement (filed or to be filed pursuant to Regulation 14C (17 CFR 
240.14c-1 et seq.)) involving the election of directors, if such 
definitive proxy statement or information statement is filed with the 
Commission not later than 120 days after the end of the fiscal year 
covered by an annual report on this Form. All incorporation by 
reference must comply with the requirements of this Form and the 
following rules on incorporation by reference: Rule 303 of Regulation 
S-T (17 CFR 232.303) (specific requirements for electronically filed 
documents); Rule 12b-23 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.12b-23) 
(additional rules on incorporation by reference for reports filed 
pursuant to Sections 13 and 15(d) of the Exchange Act); and Rule 0-4 
(17 CFR 270.0-4) (additional rules on incorporation by reference for 
investment companies).
* * * * *

Item 12. Exhibits.

* * * * *

Instruction to Item 12.

Letter or number the exhibits in the sequence that they appear in this 
item. Each exhibit identified in the exhibit index must include an 
active link to an exhibit that is filed with the report or, if the 
exhibit is incorporated by reference an active hyperlink to the exhibit 
separately filed on EDGAR. If the report is amended, each amendment 
must include active hyperlinks to the exhibits required with the 
amendment.
* * * * *

PART 275--RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940

0
72. The authority citation for Part 275 continues to read, in part, as 
follows:

    Authority:  15 U.S.C. 80b-2(a)(11)(G), 80b-2(a)(11)(H), 80b-
2(a)(17), 80b-3, 80b-4, 80b-4a, 80b-6(4), 80b-6a, and 80b-11, unless 
otherwise noted.
* * * * *
    73. Revise Sec.  275.0-6 to read as follows:


Sec.  275.0-6  Incorporation by reference in applications.

    (a) Exhibits. Any document or part thereof, including any financial 
statement or part thereof, filed with the Commission pursuant to any 
Act administered by the Commission may be incorporated by reference as 
an exhibit to any application filed with the Commission by the same or 
any other person. If any modification has occurred in the text of any 
document incorporated by reference since the filing thereof, the 
registrant must file with the reference a statement containing the text 
of any such modification and the date thereof.
    (b) General. Include an express statement clearly describing the 
specific location of the information you are incorporating by 
reference. The statement must identify the document where the 
information was originally filed or submitted and the location of the 
information within that document. The statement must be made at the 
particular place where the information is required, if applicable. 
Information must not be incorporated by reference in any case where 
such incorporation would render the disclosure incomplete, unclear, or 
confusing. For example, unless expressly permitted or required, 
disclosure must not be incorporated by reference from a second document 
if that second document incorporates information pertinent to such 
disclosure by reference to a third document.
    (c) Definition of Application. For purposes of this rule, an 
``application'' means any application for an order of the Commission 
under the Act other than an application for registration as an 
investment adviser.

    By the Commission.

    Dated: October 11, 2017.
Brent J. Fields,
Secretary.
[FR Doc. 2017-22374 Filed 11-1-17; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P