[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 204 (Friday, October 21, 2016)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 72742-72748]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-24857]


========================================================================
Proposed Rules
                                                Federal Register
________________________________________________________________________

This section of the FEDERAL REGISTER contains notices to the public of 
the proposed issuance of rules and regulations. The purpose of these 
notices is to give interested persons an opportunity to participate in 
the rule making prior to the adoption of the final rules.

========================================================================


Federal Register / Vol. 81, No. 204 / Friday, October 21, 2016 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 72742]]



DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION

Federal Aviation Administration

14 CFR Part 39

[Docket No. FAA-2016-9254; Directorate Identifier 2015-CE-030-AD]
RIN 2120-AA64


Airworthiness Directives; Piper Aircraft, Inc. Airplanes

AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM).

-----------------------------------------------------------------------

SUMMARY: We propose to supersede Airworthiness Directive (AD) 95-26-13, 
which applies to certain Piper Aircraft, Inc. Models PA-28-140, PA-28-
150, PA-28-151, PA-28-161, PA-28-160, PA-28-180, PA-28-181, PA-28-235, 
PA-28-236, PA-28R-180, PA-28R-200, PA-28R-201, PA-28S-160, PA-28S-180, 
PA-32-260, PA-32-300, PA-32-301, PA-32-301T, PA-32R-300, PA-32R-301 
(SP), PA-32R-301 (HP), PA-32R-301T, PA-32RT-300, PA-32RT-300T, and PA-
32S-300 airplanes equipped with oil cooler hose assemblies that do not 
meet certain technical standard order (TSO) requirements. AD 95-26-13 
requires inspections, replacement, and adjustment of the oil cooler 
hose assemblies, as well as providing for a terminating action. Since 
we issued AD 95-26-13, the FAA has received requests to clarify the 
intent of AD 95-26-13. This proposed AD would maintain all of the 
actions required by AD 95-26-13 and add language to clarify those 
requirements. We are proposing this AD to prevent rupture or failure of 
the oil cooler hose assemblies, which could result in engine stoppage 
with consequent loss of control.

DATES: We must receive comments on this proposed AD by December 5, 
2016.

ADDRESSES: You may send comments, using the procedures found in 14 CFR 
11.43 and 11.45, by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Fax: 202-493-2251.
     Mail: U.S. Department of Transportation, Docket 
Operations, M-30, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200 New 
Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590.
     Hand Delivery: Deliver to Mail address above between 9 
a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays.

Examining the AD Docket

    You may examine the AD docket on the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov by searching for and locating Docket No. FAA-2016-
9254; or in person at the Docket Management Facility between 9 a.m. and 
5 p.m., Monday through Friday, except Federal holidays. The AD docket 
contains this proposed AD, the regulatory evaluation, any comments 
received, and other information. The street address for the Docket 
Office (phone: 800-647-5527) is in the ADDRESSES section. Comments will 
be available in the AD docket shortly after receipt.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Gary Wechsler, Aerospace Engineer, 
FAA, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office, 1701 Columbia Avenue, 
College Park, Georgia 30337; telephone: (404) 474-5575; fax: (404) 474-
5606; email: gary.wechsler@faa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Comments Invited

    We invite you to send any written relevant data, views, or 
arguments about this proposed AD. Send your comments to an address 
listed under the ADDRESSES section. Include ``Docket No. FAA-2016-9254; 
Directorate Identifier 2015-CE-030-AD'' at the beginning of your 
comments. We specifically invite comments on the overall regulatory, 
economic, environmental, and energy aspects of this proposed AD. We 
will consider all comments received by the closing date and may amend 
this proposed AD because of those comments.
    We will post all comments we receive, without change, to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information you provide. We 
will also post a report summarizing each substantive verbal contact we 
receive about this proposed AD.

Discussion

    On December 19, 1995, we issued AD 95-26-13, Amendment 39-9472 (60 
FR 67321, December 29, 1995) (``AD 95-26-13''), for certain Piper 
Aircraft, Inc. Models PA-28-140, PA-28-150, PA-28-151, PA-28-161, PA-
28-160, PA-28-180, PA-28-181, PA-28-235, PA-28-236, PA-28R-180, PA-28R-
200, PA-28R-201, PA-28S-160, PA-28S-180, PA-32-260, PA-32-300, PA-32-
301, PA-32-301T, PA-32R-300, PA-32R-301 (SP), PA-32R-301 (HP), PA-32R-
301T, PA-32RT-300, PA-32RT-300T, and PA-32S-300 airplanes equipped with 
oil cooler hose assemblies that do not meet TSO-C53a Type D 
requirements. AD 95-26-13 requires repetitive inspections of the oil 
cooler hose assemblies for deterioration; replacement of the hose 
assemblies if damage is found; inspection for a minimum clearance 
between the oil cooler assemblies and the front exhaust stacks, 
depending on oil cooler location; and adjustment of the clearance if 
minimum clearance is not found. AD 95-26-13 also provides the option of 
installing TSO-C53a Type D oil cooler hose assemblies as a terminating 
action for the repetitive inspections. AD 95-26-13 resulted from 
numerous incidents/accidents caused by rupture or failure of the oil 
cooler hose assemblies. We issued AD 95-26-13 to prevent rupture or 
failure of the oil cooler hose assemblies, which could result in engine 
stoppage with consequent loss of control.

Actions Since AD 95-26-13 Was Issued

    The FAA received several recent inquiries repeatedly asking for 
clarification of the AD's applicability and compliance requirements. 
For example, the AD did not apply to airplanes equipped with TSO-C53a 
Type D specification oil cooler hoses, yet, callers repeatedly asked 
whether the AD applied to airplanes with such hoses. It became apparent 
that a rewrite of the AD was necessary to stem the mounting time 
engineers were spending researching and responding to the inquiries. 
The FAA believes that the proposed NPRM will provide the level of 
clarification necessary to prevent similar inquiries in the future.

[[Page 72743]]

FAA's Determination

    We are proposing this AD because we evaluated all the relevant 
information and determined the unsafe condition described previously is 
likely to exist or develop in other products of the same type design.

Proposed AD Requirements

    This proposed AD would retain all of the requirements of AD 95-26-
13 and add language to clarify those requirements.

Costs of Compliance

    We estimate that this proposed AD affects 23,643 airplanes of U.S. 
registry.
    This proposed AD retains the same actions as AD 95-26-13 and the 
proposed costs do not add any cost burden than that already in effect 
by AD 95-26-13. The difference in the Costs of Compliance with the 
proposed AD and AD 95-26-13 is that we use $85 an hour as a labor rate 
in 2016 as opposed to $60 per hour in 1995.
    We estimate the following costs to comply with this proposed AD:

                                                 Estimated Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                 Cost per        Cost on U.S.
             Action                  Labor cost             Parts cost            product          operators
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Inspection of the oil cooler     1 work-hour x $85   Not applicable.........             $85  $2,009,655.
 hose assembly.                   per hour = $85.
Inspection of the clearance      .5 work-hour x $85  Not applicable.........          $42.50  $1,004,827.50 See
 between the oil cooler hose      per hour = $42.50.                                           note 1 to Cost of
 assembly and the front exhaust                                                                Compliance.
 stacks.
Replacement of the oil cooler    1 work-hour x $85   $430...................            $515  $12,176,145.
 hose assembly.                   per hour = $85.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Note to Costs of Compliance: The estimated cost of the inspection 
of the clearance between the oil cooler hose assembly and the front 
exhaust stacks is for all airplanes affected by this proposed AD; 
however, the inspection applies only to airplanes with the oil cooler 
mounted in a location other than at or aft of the rear of the engine. 
We have no way of knowing how many affected airplanes have that 
particular installation.
    We estimate the following costs to do any necessary adjustments 
that would be required based on the results of the proposed inspection. 
We have no way of determining the number of aircraft that might need 
these adjustments:

                                               On-Condition Costs
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                     Cost per
                 Action                           Labor cost                  Parts cost              product
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adjustment of the clearance between the   1 work-hour x $85 per hour  Not applicable............             $85
 oil cooler hose assembly and the front    = $85.
 exhaust stacks.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Authority for This Rulemaking

    Title 49 of the United States Code specifies the FAA's authority to 
issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I, Section 106, describes the 
authority of the FAA Administrator. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, 
describes in more detail the scope of the Agency's authority.
    We are issuing this rulemaking under the authority described in 
Subtitle VII, Part A, Subpart III, Section 44701, ``General 
requirements.'' Under that section, Congress charges the FAA with 
promoting safe flight of civil aircraft in air commerce by prescribing 
regulations for practices, methods, and procedures the Administrator 
finds necessary for safety in air commerce. This regulation is within 
the scope of that authority because it addresses an unsafe condition 
that is likely to exist or develop on products identified in this 
rulemaking action.

Regulatory Findings

    We have determined that this proposed AD would not have federalism 
implications under Executive Order 13132. This proposed AD would not 
have a substantial direct effect on the States, on the relationship 
between the national Government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government.
    For the reasons discussed above, I certify that the proposed 
regulation:
    (1) Is not a ``significant regulatory action'' under Executive 
Order 12866,
    (2) Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies 
and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979),
    (3) Will not affect intrastate aviation in Alaska, and
    (4) Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or 
negative, on a substantial number of small entities under the criteria 
of the Regulatory Flexibility Act.

List of Subjects in 14 CFR Part 39

    Air transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation by 
reference, Safety.

The Proposed Amendment

    Accordingly, under the authority delegated to me by the 
Administrator, the FAA proposes to amend 14 CFR part 39 as follows:

PART 39--AIRWORTHINESS DIRECTIVES

0
1. The authority citation for part 39 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  49 U.S.C. 106(g), 40113, 44701.


Sec.  39.13  [Amended]

0
2. The FAA amends Sec.  39.13 by removing Airworthiness Directive (AD) 
95-26-13, Amendment 39-9472 (60 FR 67321, December 29, 1995), and 
adding the following new AD:

Piper Aircraft, Inc.: Docket No. FAA-2016-9254; Directorate 
Identifier 2015-CE-030-AD.

(a) Comments Due Date

    The FAA must receive comments on this AD action by December 5, 
2016.

[[Page 72744]]

(b) Affected ADs

    This AD replaces AD 95-26-13, Amendment 39-9472 (60 FR 67321, 
December 29, 1995) (``AD 95-26-13'').

(c) Applicability

    This AD applies to Piper Aircraft, Inc. Models PA-28-140, PA-28-
150, PA-28-151, PA-28-161, PA-28-160, PA-28-180, PA-28-181, PA-28-
235, PA-28-236, PA-28R-180, PA-28R-200, PA-28R-201, PA-28S-160, PA-
28S-180, PA-32-260, PA-32-300, PA-32-301, PA-32-301T, PA-32R-300, 
PA-32R-301 (SP), PA-32R-301 (HP), PA-32R-301T, PA-32RT-300, PA-32RT-
300T, and PA-32S-300 airplanes, all serial numbers, that are:
    (1) Equipped with oil cooler hose assemblies that do not meet 
TSO-C53a, Type D requirements; and
    (2) Certificated in any category.

(d) Subject

    Joint Aircraft System Component (JASC)/Air Transport Association 
(ATA) of America Code 79, Engine Oil.

(e) Unsafe Condition

    AD 95-26-13 was prompted by numerous incidents/accidents caused 
by rupture or failure of the oil cooler hose assemblies. This AD 
action was prompted by requests to clarify the intent of AD 95-26-
13. We are issuing this AD to prevent rupture or failure of the oil 
cooler hose assemblies, which could result in engine stoppage with 
consequent loss of control.

(f) Compliance

    Comply with this AD within the compliance times specified, 
unless already done. You may review the flow chart found in appendix 
1 to assist you in complying with the actions of this AD.

(g) Oil Cooler Mounted at or Aft of the Rear of the Engine

    For applicable airplanes with the oil cooler mounted at or aft 
of the rear of the engine (See figure 1 to paragraphs (g) and (h)): 
Within the next 100 hours time-in-service (TIS) after February 5, 
1996 (the effective date retained from AD 95-26-13), and 
repetitively thereafter at intervals not to exceed 100 hours TIS, 
inspect the oil cooler hose assembly for oil soaked in the fire 
sleeve of the oil hose assembly, a brownish or whitish color of the 
fire sleeve of the oil hose assembly, and any evidence of 
brittleness or deterioration of the fire sleeve of the oil hose 
assembly as a result of heat or oil seepage.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP21OC16.000

    (1) If any of the conditions described in paragraph (g) of this 
AD are found on the oil cooler hose assembly during the inspection 
required in paragraph (g) of this AD, before further flight, replace 
the oil cooler hose assembly with TSO-C53a Type D oil cooler hose 
assembly or TSO-C53a Type C oil cooler hose assembly that has been 
inspected following paragraph (g) of this AD and found to be 
airworthy.
    (2) Replacement of the oil cooler hose assembly with TSO-C53a 
Type D oil cooler hose assembly is terminating action for this AD.

    Note 1 to paragraphs (g) and (h)(1) of this AD: Although not 
required by this AD, the FAA recommends that an oil cooler assembly 
flexibility test be done at 100-hour TIS intervals. Oil cooler hose 
assembly flexibility may be determined by gently lifting each oil 
cooler hose assembly in several places from the bottom of its 
downward arc to the oil cooler. If the oil cooler hose assembly 
moves slightly either from side-to-side or upward, with the hand at 
the center of an even arc, then some flexibility remains. If the oil 
cooler hose assembly appears hardened or inflexible, replacement is 
recommended.


    Note 2 to paragraphs (g)(1), (h)(1)(i), and (i) of this AD: If 
one of the oil cooler hose assemblies requires replacing, the FAA 
recommends replacing both of the oil cooler hose assemblies to 
simplify tracking the TIS of the assemblies.

(h) Oil Cooler Mounted in Location Other Than Aft of the Rear of the 
Engine

    (1) For applicable airplanes with the oil cooler mounted in a 
location other than at or aft of the rear of the engine (See figure 
1 to paragraphs (g) and (h)): Within the next 100 hours TIS after 
February 5, 1996 (the effective date retained from AD 95-26-13), and 
repetitively thereafter at intervals not to exceed 100 hours TIS, 
inspect the oil cooler hose assembly for oil soaked in the fire 
sleeve of the oil hose assembly, a brownish or whitish color of the 
fire sleeve of the oil hose

[[Page 72745]]

assembly, and any evidence of brittleness or deterioration of the 
fire sleeve of the oil hose assembly as a result of heat or oil 
seepage.
    (2) If any of the conditions described in paragraph (h)(1) of 
this AD are found on the oil cooler hose assembly during the 
inspection required in paragraph (h)(1) of this AD, before further 
flight, replace the oil cooler hose assembly with TSO-C53a Type D 
oil cooler hose assembly or TSO-C53a Type C oil cooler hose assembly 
that has been inspected following paragraph (h)(1) of this AD and 
found to be airworthy.
    (3) Within the next 100 hours TIS after February 5, 1996 (the 
effective date retained from AD 95-26-13) and each time the oil 
cooler hose assembly is replaced for any reason or inspected 
following paragraph (h)(1) inspect to ensure the installation 
conditions in paragraphs (h)(3)(i) through (iii) of this AD are met. 
If the conditions listed in paragraphs (h)(3)(i) through (iii) of 
this AD are not met, before further flight, make any necessary 
adjustments. Please see figure 2 to paragraph (h) of this AD for 
additional information.
    (i) The oil cooler hose assemblies pass underneath and behind 
the electrical ground cable and in front of the lower of the two 
engine mount.
    (ii) The oil cooler hose assemblies are secured to the engine 
mount strut and a clearance of at least 2 inches exists between the 
oil cooler hose assemblies and the exhaust stack.
    (iii) Oil cooler hose assemblies with a minimum outer diameter 
of 0.75 inch are installed with a bend radius of at least 6.5 
inches.
[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP21OC16.001

    (3) Replacement of the oil cooler hose assembly with TSO-C53a 
Type D oil cooler hose assembly and meeting the installation 
conditions listed in paragraphs (h)(3)(i) through (iii) of this AD 
terminate the requirements of this AD.

(i) Replacement of Oil Cooler Hose Assembly

    For all applicable airplanes installed with a TSO-C53a Type C 
oil cooler hose assembly: When the oil cooler hose assembly 
accumulates 8 years or 1,000 hours TIS, whichever occurs first, 
replace the oil cooler hose assembly. If the oil cooler is mounted 
in a location other than at or aft of the rear of the engine, before 
further flight after replacement, you must do the actions required 
in paragraph (h)(3) of this AD.
    (1) Replacement of the oil cooler hose assembly with TSO-C53a 
Type D oil cooler hose assembly terminates the requirements of this 
AD provided it meets the installation conditions listed in paragraph 
(h)(3)(i) through (iii) of this AD.
    (2) You may at any time before 8 years or 1,000 hours TIS, 
whichever occurs first, replace the oil cooler hose assembly with 
TSO-C53a Type D oil cooler hose assembly to terminate the 
requirements of this AD provided it meets the installation 
conditions listed in paragraph (h)(3)(i) through (iii) of this AD.

[[Page 72746]]

(j) Alternative Methods of Compliance (AMOCs)

    (1) The Manager, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office (ACO), 
FAA, has the authority to approve AMOCs for this AD, if requested 
using the procedures found in 14 CFR 39.19. In accordance with 14 
CFR 39.19, send your request to your principal inspector or local 
Flight Standards District Office, as appropriate. If sending 
information directly to the manager of the ACO, send it to the 
attention of the person identified in paragraph (k) of this AD.
    (2) Before using any approved AMOC, notify your appropriate 
principal inspector, or lacking a principal inspector, the manager 
of the local flight standards district office/certificate holding 
district office.
    (3) AMOCs approved for AD 95-26-13 (60 FR 67321, December 29, 
1995) are approved as AMOCs for the corresponding provisions of this 
AD.

(k) Related Information

    For more information about this AD, contact Gary Wechsler, 
Aerospace Engineer, FAA, Atlanta Aircraft Certification Office, 1701 
Columbia Avenue, College Park, Georgia 30337; telephone: (404) 474-
5575; fax: (404) 474-5606; email: gary.wechsler@faa.gov.
BILLING CODE 4910-13-P

[[Page 72747]]

[GRAPHIC] [TIFF OMITTED] TP21OC16.002



[[Page 72748]]


    Issued in Kansas City, Missouri, on October 7, 2016.
Pat Mullen,
Acting Manager, Small Airplane Directorate, Aircraft Certification 
Service.
[FR Doc. 2016-24857 Filed 10-20-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 4910-13-C