[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 184 (Thursday, September 22, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 65296-65304]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-22609]


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GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION

41 CFR Parts 102-117 and 102-118

[Change 2016-01; FMR Case 2015-102-2; Docket 2015-0014; Sequence 1]
RIN 3090-AJ59


Federal Management Regulation (FMR); Transportation Payment and 
Audit

AGENCY: Office of Government-wide Policy (OGP), General Services 
Administration (GSA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: GSA is amending the Federal Management Regulation (FMR), 
Transportation Payment and Audit, to clarify agency and Department of 
Defense (DoD) transportation payment and audit requirements. GSA is 
also amending relevant definitions. The FMR is written in plain 
language to provide agencies with updated regulatory material that is 
easy to read and understand.

DATES: Effective: September 22, 2016.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For clarification of content, contact 
Mr. Ron Siegel, Office of Government-wide Policy, at 202-357-9540 or by 
email at ron.siegel@gsa.gov. For information pertaining to status or 
publication schedules, contact the Regulatory Secretariat Division 
(MVCB), 1800 F Street NW., Washington, DC 20405, 202-501-4755. Please 
cite FMR Case 2015-102-2.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

A. Background

    Agencies are authorized to procure transportation services either 
through the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) by utilizing a 
contract, or via 49 U.S.C. 10721 (for rail transportation), 49 U.S.C. 
13712 (for surface transportation), and/or 49 U.S.C. 15504 (for 
pipeline transportation) by utilizing rate tenders. It is critical that 
agencies ensure that transportation services received are properly 
charged and that the payment made is correct.
    Toward that end, the Travel and Transportation Reform Act of 1998 
(Pub. L. 105-264) established agency statutory requirements for 
prepayment audits of Federal agency and DoD transportation expenses. 
The Act also established GSA's statutory authority for audit oversight 
to protect the interests of the Government.
    This final rule clarifies and strengthens agency and DoD compliance 
with regulations for transportation prepayment audits and postpayment 
audits. In addition, this final rule updates definitions in 41 CFR part 
102-117, Transportation Management, as a result of the amendments to 41 
CFR 102-118.
    This final rule is the outcome of the first of a two phase review 
of FMR part 102-118, Transportation Payment and Audit, conducted by GSA 
and the Governmentwide Transportation Policy Council (GTPC). The GTPC 
is composed of representatives from civilian agencies and DoD and 
provides GSA with guidance in the planning and development of uniform 
transportation policies and procedures.
    The first phase review focused on FMR part 102-118 Subparts A 
(General), D (Prepayment Audits of Transportation Services), and E 
(Postpayment Transportation Audits). The second phase review will focus 
on FMR part 102-118 Subpart A (General), as well as Subparts B 
(Ordering and Paying for Transportation and Transportation Services), C 
(Use of Government Billing Documents), and F (Claims and Appeals 
Procedures).

B. Public Comments and Responses

    In the proposed rule published at 80 FR 59094 in the Federal 
Register, on October 1, 2015, GSA provided the public a 60-day comment 
period which ended on November 30, 2015. GSA received comments from the 
National Motor Freight Traffic Association, Inc. (NMFTA), and 
Relocation Management Worldwide Incorporated (RMW). This final rule 
reflects the following changes made as a result of some of these 
comments.
    Comment: The definition in the proposed rule for declared value in 
FMR 102-117.25 and 102-118.35 contains reference to declared value and 
released value. However, NMFTA indicates that the ``terms `declared 
value' and `released value' are neither synonymous nor recognized by 
the transportation industry. A carrier establishes released value 
provisions with the intent of the shipper agreeing to a lesser value 
for the cargo shipped in return for a lower rate for transportation. 
Declared value assigns a value to the cargo in order to authenticate 
loss and damage liability limitations on the cargo that was shipped. 
Furthermore, it is inequitable to define declared value as a price that 
could be `more' than the actual value of the cargo. In commercial 
practice, a transportation service provider (TSP) will not pay a loss 
or damage claim in excess of the actual value of the cargo 
transported.''
    Response: GSA agrees with the recommendation and consequently has 
modified the definition declared value that is added to 41 CFR 102-
117.25 so that it does not reference released value; included a 
definition for released value in 41 CFR 102-117.25; and has removed the 
definition released value from 41 CFR 102-118.
    Comment: With regards to the definition claim, NMFTA indicates that 
in the transportation industry, the term claim is generally used in the 
context of claims for the payment of overcharges or claims for loss or 
damage. NMFTA recommends that any other terms for demands for payment 
by the TSP to the Government or amounts the TSP believes an agency owes 
them should not be included in this definition and would be better 
defined separately.
    Response: GSA does not accept this recommendation. The definition 
of claim presented in this final rule is modeled after the definition 
of claim or debt found in 31 U.S.C. 3701(b)(1).
    Comment: The Government Transportation Request (GTR) is defined, in 
part, as a Government document used to procure common carrier 
interstate transportation services. NMFTA indicates that as far as 
interstate motor carrier transportation is concerned, the term common 
carrier is no longer defined in 49 U.S.C. 13102. Former common carriers 
are now referred to as motor carriers. NFMTA suggests using the 
description motor carrier or TSP which is used elsewhere in these 
regulations. NFMTA also suggests that since the Government can procure 
intrastate transportation with a GTR, it does not make sense to include 
the word ``interstate'' in the final GTR definition.
    Response: The term common carrier is used to define Government 
Transportation Request (GTR) in the Federal Travel Regulation (FTR). In 
response to the comment, GSA has revised the definition of GTR to 
clarify that the document is used to acquire passenger transportation.
    Comment: Standard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC) is defined, in part, as 
the unique four-letter code used to identify American-based motor 
transportation companies assigned by NMFTA. NMFTA indicates that the 
SCAC definition should be a two-to-four letter identification code 
assigned to all

[[Page 65297]]

modes of transportation companies worldwide by the NMFTA.
    Response: GSA accepts this comment and has modified the definition 
of SCAC to a unique code, typically two to four characters, used to 
identify transportation companies.
    Comment: NFMTA indicates that the Standard Carrier Alpha Code 
(SCAC) is a proper noun and should be capitalized.
    Response: GSA agrees with this comment and has made the appropriate 
changes.
    Comment: When an agency notifies a TSP of any adjustment to a TSP 
bill, the notice must reference the TSP's Standard Carrier Alpha Code 
(SCAC) or other agency identifier for the carrier, such as the 
Department of Defense Activity Address Code (DoDAAC) number. NMFTA 
suggests deleting the reference to the DoDAAC as the DoDAAC is not used 
to identify TSPs. NMFTA indicates that the Defense Logistics Agency 
defines a DoDAAC as ``. . . a six-character, alpha-numeric code that 
uniquely identifies a unit, activity, or organization within the DoDAAD 
[Department of Defense Activity Address Directory]. A unit, activity, 
or organization may have more than one DoDAAC for different authority 
codes or purposes. Each activity that requisitions, contracts for, 
receives, has custody of, issues, or ships DoD assets, or funds/pays 
bills for materials and/or services is identified by a six-position 
alphanumeric DoDAAC.''
    Response: GSA accepts this suggestion and has deleted the DoDAAC 
reference.
    Comment: The rule indicates that ``the prepayment audit cannot be 
conducted by the same firm providing transportation services for the 
agency, such as a move manager.'' Relocation Management Worldwide, 
Incorporated (RMW) suggests that the term move manager is an incorrect 
example of a TSP and should be removed. RMW indicates that a TSP, being 
a carrier, could have a conflict of interest auditing their own files, 
but a move manager does not have to be a TSP.
    Response: GSA agrees that the language may be confusing and has 
modified Sec.  102-118.275(c) to explain that a move manager may not 
have any affiliation with or financial interest in the transportation 
company providing the transportation services for which the prepayment 
audit is being conducted.
    Comment: RMW asks if the rule's intent is to eliminate a move 
manager from being a prepayment auditor.
    Response: GSA has modified the rule to clarify the role of a move 
manager in the prepayment process. GSA's intent is to clarify 
transportation payment and audit requirements for all agencies 
including DoD.
    Comment: The rule indicates that agencies may choose to use a 
Third-Party Payment System or charge card company that includes 
prepayment audit functions, such as Syncada and Payport Express. RMW 
asks if GSA is allowed to promote specific companies and promote their 
own specific products in the Code of Federal Regulations.
    Response: GSA agrees that the reference to Syncada may constitute 
an endorsement of a private enterprise and has removed the reference 
from the final rule. However, PayPort Express is a GSA Center for 
Transportation Management payment solution that is compliant with the 
rules established by GSA Transportation Audits Division. Being a GSA 
product, the acknowledgement of PayPort Express, or subsequent GSA 
payment solution, does not constitute the endorsement of a private 
enterprise.
    Comment: The rule lists what information must be included in an 
agency's notice to a TSP when an agency is adjusting the TSP's bill. 
RMW points out that the list of required information excludes the 
reason for the adjustment and asks if this important element can be 
added to the list.
    Response: The final rule accepts and incorporates the comment.
    Comment: The rule indicates that the Administrator of General 
Services (GSA) has a congressionally mandated responsibility under 31 
U.S.C. 3726 to perform oversight on transportation bills. The GSA 
Transportation Audits Division accomplishes this oversight by 
conducting postpayment audits of all agencies' transportation bills. 
RMW suggests that GSA should confirm and identify that the audits are 
actually performed by contracted auditing companies and not by GSA 
Transportation Audits.
    Response: GSA does not accept this recommendation. Information 
regarding the GSA Transportation Audits Division procedures, including 
reviewing transportation invoices in conjunction with audit contracting 
companies, is provided on the Division's Postpayment Audit homepage 
(www.gsa.gov/portal/content/100056).
    Comment: RMW requests that GSA identify what safeguards are in 
place to prevent contracted auditing companies from providing both the 
prepayment and postpayment audit of the same bill.
    Response: GSA has determined that this topic is outside the 
intended scope of this rule. GSA Transportation Audits Division's 
Dispute Resolution Branch (http://www.gsa.gov/portal/content/100753) 
provides oversight and quality control evaluation of GSA audit 
contractors and ensures integrity in all audit processes.
    Comment: This rule indicates that the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division does not charge agencies a fee for conducting the 
transportation postpayment audit and the expenses for such audits are 
financed from overpayments collected from the TSP's bills previously 
paid by the agency and similar type of refunds. Since the GSA 
Transportation Audits Division or contracted auditing companies do not 
receive funding unless they find errors in TSP billings, RMW asks how 
this is not a conflict of interest?
    Response: GSA has determined that this topic is outside the 
intended scope of this rule. The funding mechanism identified in this 
rule is established by statute, 31 U.S.C. 3726 Payment for 
transportation.
    Comment: If the GSA Transportation Audits Division is overseeing 
the prepay audit to ensure it is being done properly, RMW asks who is 
overseeing the GSA Transportation Audits Division to determine if the 
prepay oversight and the postpayment audit are being done properly?
    Response: While GSA has determined that this topic is outside the 
intended scope of this rule, the GSA Office of the Inspector General 
and the management of the Federal Acquisition Service (FAS) provide 
such oversight of the GSA Transportation Audits Division.

C. Substantive Changes

    This final rule:
     Revises the definitions for ``Agency'', ``Bill of lading'' 
(BOL), ``Government bill of lading'' (GBL), ``Transportation document'' 
(TD), and ``Transportation Service Provider'' (TSP), removes the 
definition ``Release/declared value'', and adds the definitions 
``Declared value'' and ``Released value'' in FMR part 102-117; and 
revises the definitions ``Agency'', ``Bill of lading'' (BOL), 
``Document reference number'', ``Government bill of lading'' (GBL), 
``Government transportation request'', Offset'', ``Overcharge'', 
``Postpayment audit'', ``Rate authority'', ``Reparation'', ``Standard 
Carrier Alpha Code'' (SCAC), ``Statement of difference'', 
``Supplemental bill'', ``Transportation document (TD)'', and 
``Transportation Service provider'' (TSP), removes the terms ``Agency 
claim'', ``Released value'', ``Transportation service'', 
``Transportation service provider claim'', and ``Virtual GBL (VGBL)'', 
and adds the terms ``Claim'' and

[[Page 65298]]

``Transportation'' in FMR part 102-118 to ensure consistency.
     Strengthens agency requirements and responsibilities for 
transportation prepayment audits and transportation postpayment audit, 
submission requirements to the GSA Transportation Audits Division, and 
the required information on all transportation documentation.
     Updates and clarifies GSA Transportation Audits Division 
roles and responsibilities.

C. Executive Orders 12866 and 13563

    Executive Orders (E.O.) 12866 and 13563 direct agencies to assess 
all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if 
regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize 
net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public 
health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). E.O. 
13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, 
of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. 
This is not a significant regulatory action, and therefore, will not be 
subject to review under Section 6(b) of E.O. 12866, Regulatory Planning 
and Review, dated September 30, 1993. This rule is not a major rule 
under 5 U.S.C. 804.

D. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    These revisions are not substantive, and therefore, this rule would 
not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small 
entities within the meaning of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 
601, et seq. The proposed rule is also exempt from the Administrative 
Procedure Act per 5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2), because it applies to agency 
management or personnel.

E. Paperwork Reduction Act

    The rule does not contain any information collection requirements 
that require the approval of the Office of Management and Budget under 
the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. Chapter 35).

F. Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act

    This rule is also exempt from Congressional review prescribed under 
5 U.S.C. 801 since it relates to agency management or personnel.

List of Subjects in 41 CFR Parts 102-117 and 102-118

    Accounting, Claims, Freight, Government property management, Moving 
of household goods, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, 
Transportation.

    Dated: September 8, 2016.
Denise Turner Roth,
Administrator.
    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, GSA amends 41 CFR parts 
102-117 and 102-118 as follows:

PART 102-117--TRANSPORTATION MANAGEMENT

0
1. The authority citation for 41 CFR part 102-117 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority:  31 U.S.C. 3726; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); 40 U.S.C. 501, et 
seq.; 46 U.S.C. 55305; 49 U.S.C. 40118.

0
2. Amend Sec.  102-117.25 by--
0
a. Revising the definitions ``Agency'' and ``Bill of lading (BOL)'';
0
b. Adding, in alphabetical order, the definition ``Declared value'';
0
c. Revising the definition ``Government bill of lading (GBL)'';
0
d. Removing the definition ``Release/declared value'';
0
e. Adding, in alphabetical order, the definition ``Released value''; 
and
0
f. Revising the definitions ``Transportation document (TD)'', and 
``Transportation service provider (TSP)''.
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  102-117.25  What definitions apply to this part?

* * * * *
    Agency means a department, agency, and independent establishment in 
the executive branch of the Government as defined in 5 U.S.C. 101 et 
seq., and a wholly-owned Government corporation as defined in 31 U.S.C. 
9101(3).
    Bill of lading (BOL), sometimes referred to as a commercial bill of 
lading, but includes a Government bill of lading (GBL), means the 
document used as a receipt of goods, a contract of carriage, and 
documentary evidence of title.
* * * * *
    Declared value means the actual value of cargo as declared by the 
agency for reimbursement purposes or to establish duties, taxes, or 
other customs fees. The declared value is the maximum amount that could 
be recovered by the agency in the event of loss or damage for the 
shipments of freight and household goods, unless the declared value 
exceeds the carrier's released value (see ``Released value''). The 
statement of declared value must be shown on any applicable tariff, 
tender, contract, bill of lading, or other document covering the 
shipment.
* * * * *
    Government bill of lading (GBL) means the transportation document 
used as a receipt of goods, evidence of title, and a contract of 
carriage for Government international shipments (see Bill of Lading 
(BOL) definition).
* * * * *
    Released value means an assigned value of the cargo for 
reimbursement purposes that is not necessarily the actual value of the 
cargo. Released value may be more or less than the actual value of the 
cargo; however, in the event of loss or damage to the shipment, if the 
released value exceeds the actual value, reimbursement would be the 
lesser of the two values. When the released value is agreed upon as the 
basis of reimbursement and the actual value exceeds the released value, 
the released value is the maximum amount that could be recovered by the 
agency in the event of loss or damage to the shipments of freight or 
household goods. When negotiating for rates and the released value is 
proposed to be less than the actual value of the cargo, the TSP should 
offer a rate lower than other rates for shipping cargo at full value. 
The statement of released value may be shown in any applicable tariff, 
tender, contract, transportation document or other documents covering 
the shipment.
* * * * *
    Transportation document (TD) means any executed document for 
transportation service, such as a bill of lading, a tariff, a tender, a 
contract, a Government Transportation Request (GTR), invoices, paid 
invoices, any transportation bills, or other equivalent documents, 
including electronic documents.
* * * * *
    Transportation service provider (TSP) means any party, person, 
agent, or carrier that provides freight, household goods, or passenger 
transportation or related services to an agency.
* * * * *

PART 102-118--TRANSPORTATION PAYMENT AND AUDIT

0
3. The authority citation for 41 CFR part 102-118 is revised to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 31 U.S.C. 3726; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); 40 U.S.C. 501, et 
seq.; 46 U.S.C. 55305; 49 U.S.C. 40118.

0
4. Revise Sec.  102-118.10 to read as follows:


Sec.  102-118.10  What is a transportation audit?

    A transportation audit is a thorough review and validation of 
transportation related documents and bills. The audit

[[Page 65299]]

must examine the validity, propriety, and conformity of the charges or 
rates with tariffs, quotations, contracts, agreements, or tenders, as 
appropriate.


Sec.  102-118.15   [Amended]

0
5. Amend Sec.  102-118.15 by removing ``or people and/or'' and adding 
``, people or'' in its place.

0
6. Revise Sec.  102-118.20 to read as follows:


Sec.  102-118.20  Who is subject to this part?

    This part applies to all agencies (including the Department of 
Defense (DoD)) and TSPs defined in Sec.  102-118.35, and wholly-owned 
Government corporations as defined in 31 U.S.C. 101, et seq. and 31 
U.S.C. 9101(3). Your agency is required to incorporate this part into 
its internal regulations.

0
7. Revise Sec. Sec.  102-118.25 and 102-118.30 to read as follows:


Sec.  102-118.25  What must my agency provide to GSA regarding its 
transportation policies?

    As part of the evaluation of agencies' transportation program and 
postpayment audit, GSA may request to examine your agency's 
transportation prepayment audit program and policies to verify the 
performance of the prepayment audit. GSA Office of Government-wide 
Policy, Transportation Policy Division and GSA Transportation Audits 
Division may suggest revisions of agencies' audit program or policies.


Sec.  102-118.30  Are Government-controlled corporations bound by this 
part?

    This part does not apply to Government-controlled corporations and 
mixed-ownership Government corporations as defined in 31 U.S.C. 9101(1) 
and (2).

0
8. Amend Sec.  102-118.35 by-
0
a. Revising the definition ``Agency'';
0
b. Removing the definition ``Agency claim'';
0
c. Revising the definition ``Bill of lading'';
0
d. Adding, in alphabetical order, the definition ``Claim'';
0
e. Revising the definitions ``Document reference number'', ``Government 
bill of lading (GBL)'', ``Government contractor-issued charge card'', 
``Government Transportation Request (GTR)'', ``Offset'', 
``Overcharge'', ``Postpayment audit'', ``Prepayment audit'', and ``Rate 
authority'';
0
f. Removing the definition ``Released value'';
0
g. Revising the definitions ``Reparation'', ``Standard carrier alpha 
code (SCAC)'', ``Statement of difference'', and ``Supplemental bill'';
0
h. Adding, in alphabetical order, the definition ``Transportation'';
0
i. Revising the definition ``Transportation document (TD)'';
0
j. Removing the definition ``Transportation service'';
0
k. Revising the definition ``Transportation service provider (TSP)'';
0
l. Removing the definitions ``Transportation service provider claim'' 
and ``Virtual GBL (VGBL)''; and
0
m. Revising the ``Note'' at the end of the section. The revisions and 
additions read as follows:


Sec.  102-118.35  What definitions apply to this part?

* * * * *
    Agency means a department, agency, or instrumentality of the United 
States Government (31 U.S.C. 101).
    Bill of lading (BOL), sometimes referred to as a commercial bill of 
lading, but includes a Government bill of lading (GBL), means the 
document used as a receipt of goods, a contract of carriage, and 
documentary evidence of title.
* * * * *
    Claim means--
    (1) Any demand by an agency upon a transportation service provider 
(TSP) for the payment of overcharges, ordinary debts, fines, penalties, 
administrative fees, special charges, and interest; or
    (2) Any demand by the TSP for amounts not included in the original 
bill that the TSP believes an agency owes them. This includes amounts 
deducted or offset by an agency; amounts previously refunded by the 
TSP, which is believed to be owed; and any subsequent bills from the 
TSP resulting from a transaction that was prepayment or postpayment 
audited by the GSA Transportation Audits Division.
    Document reference number (DRN) means the unique number on a bill 
of lading, Government Transportation Request (GTR), or transportation 
ticket used to track the movement of shipments and individuals.
* * * * *
    Government bill of lading (GBL) means the transportation document 
used as a receipt of goods, evidence of title, and a contract of 
carriage for Government international shipments (see Bill of lading 
(BOL) definition).
    Government contractor-issued charge card means the charge card used 
by authorized individuals to pay for official travel and transportation 
related expenses for which the contractor bills the employee. This is 
different than a centrally billed account paying for official travel 
and transportation related expenses for which the agency is billed.
    Government Transportation Request (GTR) (Optional Form 1169)--means 
a Government document used to procure passenger transportation services 
from a TSP. The document obligates the Government to pay for 
transportation services provided and is used when a Government 
contractor issued charge card is not.
    Offset means something that serves to counterbalance or to 
compensate for something else. These are funds owed to a TSP that are 
not released by the agency but instead used to repay the agency for a 
debt incurred by the TSP.
* * * * *
    Overcharge means those charges for transportation that exceed those 
applicable under the executed agreement for services such as bill of 
lading (including a GBL, contract, rate tender or a GTR).
    Postpayment audit means an audit of transportation billing 
documents, and all related transportation documents after payment, to 
decide their validity, propriety, and conformity of rates with tariffs, 
quotations, agreements, contracts, or tenders. The audit process may 
also include subsequent adjustments and collection actions taken 
against a TSP by the Government (31 U.S.C. 3726).
    Prepayment audit means an audit of transportation billing documents 
before payment to determine their validity, propriety, and conformity 
of rates with tariffs, quotations, agreements, contracts, or tenders 
(31 U.S.C. 3726).
* * * * *
    Rate authority means the document that establishes the legal 
charges for a transportation shipment. Charges included in a rate 
authority are those rates, fares, and charges for transportation and 
related services contained in tariffs, tenders, contracts, bills of 
lading, and other equivalent documents.
    Reparation means a payment to or from an agency to correct an 
improper transportation billing as determined by a postpayment audit 
involving a TSP. Improper routing, overcharges, or duplicate payments 
may cause such improper billing. This is different from a payment to 
settle a claim for loss and damage.
    Standard Carrier Alpha Code (SCAC) is a unique code, typically two 
to four characters, used to identify transportation companies.
    Statement of difference means a statement issued by an agency or 
its designated audit contractor during a prepayment audit when they 
determine

[[Page 65300]]

that a TSP has billed the agency for more than the proper amount for 
the services. This statement tells the TSP on the invoice, the amount 
allowed and the basis for the proper charges. The statement also cites 
the applicable rate references and other data relied on for support. 
The agency issues a separate statement of difference for each 
transportation transaction.
* * * * *
    Supplemental bill means the bill for services that the TSP submits 
to the agency for additional payment of the services provided.
* * * * *
    Transportation means service involved in the physical movement 
(from one location to another) of people, household goods, and freight 
by a TSP or a Third Party Logistics (3PL) entity for an agency, as well 
as activities directly relating to or supporting that movement. These 
activities are defined in 49 U.S.C. 13102.
    Transportation document (TD) means any executed document for 
transportation services, such as a bill of lading, a tariff, a tender, 
a contract, a GTR, invoices, paid invoices, any transportation bills, 
or other equivalent documents, including electronic documents.
    Transportation service provider (TSP) means any party, person, 
agent, or carrier that provides freight, household goods, or passenger 
transportation or related services to an agency.

    Note to Sec.  102-118.35: 15 U.S.C. 96, et seq., 49 U.S.C. 
13102, et seq., and 41 CFR Chapter 302 Federal Travel Regulation 
defines additional transportation terms not listed in this section.


0
9. Revise Subpart D to read as follows:

Subpart D--Prepayment Audit of Transportation Services

Sec.

Agency Requirements for a Transportation Prepayment Audit Program

Sec.  102-118.265 What is a prepayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.270 Must my agency establish a transportation 
prepayment audit program, and how is it funded?
Sec.  102-118.275 What must my agency consider when developing a 
transportation prepayment audit program?
Sec.  102-118.280 Must all transportation payment records, whether 
they are electronic or paper, undergo a prepayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.285 What must be included in my agency's 
transportation prepayment audit program?

Agency Requirements With Transportation Service Providers

Sec.  102-118.290 Must my agency notify the TSP of any adjustment to 
the TSP bill?
Sec.  102-118.295 Does my agency transportation prepayment audit 
program need to establish appeal procedures?
Sec.  102-118.300 What must my agency do if the TSP disputes the 
findings and my agency cannot resolve the dispute?
Sec.  102-118.305 What information must be on all transportation 
payment records that have completed my agency's prepayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.310 What does the GSA Transportation Audits Division 
consider when verifying an agency prepayment audit program?
Sec.  102-118.315 How does my agency contact the GSA Transportation 
Audits Division?
Sec.  102-118.320 What action should my agency take if the agency's 
transportation prepayment audits program changes?

Agency Certifying and Disbursing Officers

Sec.  102-118.325 Does establishing an agency Chief Financial 
Officer-approved transportation prepayment audit program change the 
responsibilities of the certifying officers?
Sec.  102-118.330 Does a transportation prepayment audit waiver 
change any liabilities of the certifying officer?
Sec.  102-118.335 What relief from liability is available for the 
certifying official under a transportation postpayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.340 Do the requirements of a transportation prepayment 
audit change the disbursing official's liability for overpayment?
Sec.  102-118.345 Where does relief from transportation prepayment 
audit liability for certifying, accountable, and disbursing officers 
reside in my agency?

Exemptions and Suspensions of the Mandatory Transportation Prepayment 
Audit Program

Sec.  102-118.350 What agency has the authority to grant an 
exemption from the transportation prepayment audit requirement?
Sec.  102-118.355 How does my agency apply for an exemption from a 
transportation prepayment audit requirement?
Sec.  102-118.360 How long will GSA take to respond to an exemption 
request from a transportation prepayment audit requirement?
Sec.  102-118.365 Can my agency renew an exemption from the 
transportation prepayment audit requirements?
Sec.  102-118.370 Are my agency's prepayment audited transportation 
documentation subject to periodic postpayment audit oversight from 
the GSA Transportation Audits Division?
Sec.  102-118.375 Can GSA suspend my agency's transportation 
prepayment audit program?

    Authority: 31 U.S.C. 3726; 40 U.S.C. 121(c); 40 U.S.C. 501, et 
seq.; 46 U.S.C. 55305; 49 U.S.C. 40118.

Subpart D--Prepayment Audit of Transportation Services

Agency Requirements for a Transportation Prepayment Audit Program


Sec.  102-118.265  What is a prepayment audit?

    Prepayment audit means a review of transportation documentation 
before payment to determine their validity, propriety, and conformity 
of rates with tariffs, quotations, agreements, contracts, or tenders. 
Prepayment auditing by your agency will detect and eliminate billing 
errors before payment (31 U.S.C. 3726).


Sec.  102-118.270  Must my agency establish a transportation prepayment 
audit program, and how is it funded?

    (a) Yes, under 31 U.S.C. 3726, your agency is required to establish 
a transportation prepayment audit program. Your agency's Chief 
Financial Officer (CFO) must approve the prepayment audit program.
    (b) Your agency must pay for the prepayment audit program from 
those funds appropriated for transportation services.
    (1) Agencies are encouraged to consider using a GSA Transportation 
Audits Division approved third party electronic payment processor for 
transportation invoice processing, payment, and prepayment audit. These 
electronic payment processors are no cost to the agency and are fully 
compliant with GSA Transportation Audits Division prepayment audit 
requirements.
    (2) Use of these third party payment processors generally means 
your agency will not have to provide any additional prepayment or 
postpayment documentation to GSA Transportation Audits Division.


Sec.  102-118.275  What must my agency consider when developing a 
transportation prepayment audit program?

    (a) Your agency's transportation prepayment audit program must 
consider all of the methods that your agency uses to order and pay for 
passenger, household goods, and freight transportation to include 
Government contractor-issued charge cards (see Sec.  102-118.35 for 
definition Government contractor-issued charge cards).
    (b) Each method of ordering transportation and transportation 
services for passenger, household goods, and freight transportation may 
require a different kind of prepayment audit process. The manner in 
which your agency orders or procures transportation services determines 
how and by whom

[[Page 65301]]

the bill for those services will be presented. Your agency should 
ensure that each TSP bill or employee travel voucher contains enough 
information for the prepayment audit to determine which contract or 
rate tender is used and that the type and quantity of any additional 
services are clearly delineated.
    (c) The prepayment audit cannot be conducted by the same firm 
providing the transportation services for the agency. If a move manager 
is being utilized, the move manager may not have any affiliation with 
or financial interest in the transportation company providing the 
transportation services for which the prepayment audit is being 
conducted. Contracts with charge card companies that provide prepayment 
audit services are a valid option. The agency can choose to--
    (1) Create an internal prepayment audit program;
    (2) Contract directly with a prepayment audit service provider;
    (3) Use the services of a prepayment audit contractor under GSA's 
multiple award schedule covering audit and financial management 
services (SIN 520.10 Transportation Audits); or
    (4) Use a Third-Party Payment System or charge card company that 
includes prepayment audit functions, such as the GSA Center for 
Transportation Management's PayPort Express.
    (d) An appeals process must be established for a TSP to appeal any 
reduction in the amount billed. It is recommended the agency establish 
an electronic appeal process that will direct TSP-filed appeals to an 
agency official for determination of the claim.
    (e) A process to ensure that all agency transportation procurement 
and related documents including contracts and tenders are submitted 
electronically to GSA Transportation Audits Division.
    (f) Use of GSA Transportation Audits Division's Prepayment Audit 
Program template is recommended (contact Audit.Policy@gsa.gov for a 
copy of the template). If the template is not used, provide the same 
information listed on the template to GSA Transportation Audits 
Division.


Sec.  102-118.280  Must all transportation payment records, whether 
they are electronic or paper, undergo a prepayment audit?

    Yes, all transportation bills and payment records, whether they are 
electronic or paper, must undergo a prepayment audit with the following 
exceptions:
    (a) Your agency's prepayment audit program uses a statistical 
sampling technique of the bills. If your agency chooses to use 
statistical sampling, all bills must be
    (1) At or below the Comptroller General specified limit of 
$2,500.00 (31 U.S.C. 3521(b)); and
    (2) In compliance with the U.S. Government Accountability Office 
Using Statistical Sampling (GAO/PEMD-10.1.6), Rev. 1992, Chapter 7 
Random Selection Procedures obtainable from http://www.gao.gov; or
    (b) The Administrator of General Services grants your agency a 
specific exemption from the prepayment audit requirement which may 
include bills determined to be below your agency's threshold, mode or 
modes of transportation, or for an agency or subagency.


Sec.  102-118.285  What must be included in an agency's transportation 
prepayment audit program?

    The agency prepayment audit program must include--
    (a) The agency's CFO approval of the transportation prepayment 
audit program with submission to GSA Transportation Audits Division;
    (b) Compliance with the Prompt Payment Act (31 U.S.C. 3901, et 
seq.);
    (c) Assurance that each TSP bill or employee travel voucher 
contains appropriate information for the prepayment audit to determine 
which contract or rate tender is used and that the type and quantity of 
any additional services are clearly delineated;
    (d) Verification of all transportation bills against filed rates 
and charges before payment;
    (e) A process to forward all transportation documentation (TD) 
monthly to the GSA Transportation Audits Division.
    (1) GSA Transportation Audits Division can provide your agency a 
Prepayment Audit Program with a monthly reporting template upon request 
at Audit.Policy@gsa.gov (see Sec.  102-118.35 for definition TD).
    (2) In addition to the requirements for agencies to maintain 
transportation records, GSA will store paid transportation bills in 
accordance with the General Records Schedule 9, Travel and 
Transportation (36 CFR 1228.22). GSA will arrange for storage of any 
document requiring special handling, such as bankruptcy and court 
cases. These bills will be retained pursuant to 44 U.S.C. 3309 until 
claims have been settled;
    (f) Establish procedures in which transportation bills not subject 
to prepayment audit, such as bills for unused tickets and charge card 
billings, are handled separately and are also forwarded monthly to the 
GSA Transportation Audits Division;
    (g) A minimum dollar threshold for transportation bills subject to 
audit;
    (h) A statement in a cost reimbursable contracts contract or rate 
tender that the contractor shall submit to the address and in the 
electronic format identified for prepayment audit, transportation 
documents which show that the United States will assume freight charges 
that were paid by the contractor. Cost reimbursable contractors shall 
only submit for audit bills of lading with freight shipment charges 
exceeding $100.00. Bills under $100.00 shall be retained on-site by the 
contractor and made available for on-site Government audits (Federal 
Acquisition Regulation (FAR) 52.247-67);
    (i) Require your agency's paying office to offset, if directed by 
GSA's Transportation Audits Division, debts from amounts owed to the 
TSP within the 3 years (31 U.S.C. 3726(b));
    (j) A process to ensure complete and accurate audits of all 
transportation bills and notification to the TSP of any adjustment 
within 7 calendar days of receipt of the bill;
    (k) An appeals process as part of the approved prepayment audit 
program for a TSP to appeal any reduction in the amount billed. Refer 
to Sec.  102-118.295 for details regarding the appeals process.
    (l) Accurate notices and agency procedures for notifying the TSPs 
with a detailed description of the reasons for any full or partial 
rejection of the stated charges on the invoice. Refer to Sec.  102-
118.290 for notice requirements; and
    (m) A unique agency numbering system to handle commercial paper and 
practices (see Sec.  102-118.55 for information on administrative 
procedures your agency must establish).

Agency Requirements With Transportation Service Providers


Sec.  102-118.290  Must my agency notify the TSP of any adjustment to 
the TSP bill?

    (a) Yes, your agency must notify the TSP of any adjustment to the 
TSP bill either electronically or in writing within seven calendar days 
of the agency receipt of the bill.
    (b) This notice must include:
    (1) TSP's bill number;
    (2) Agency name;
    (3) TSP's TIN;
    (4) SCAC;
    (5) DRN;
    (6) Date invoice submitted;
    (7) Amount billed;
    (8) Date invoice was approved for payment;
    (9) Date and amount agency paid;
    (10) Payment location number and agency organization name;

[[Page 65302]]

    (11) Payment voucher number;
    (12) Complete contract, tender or tariff authority, including item 
or section number;
    (13) Reason for the adjustment; and
    (14) Complete information on the agency appeal process.
    (c) A TSP must submit claims to the agency within three years under 
the guidelines established in subpart F, Claims and Appeals Procedures, 
of this part.


Sec.  102-118.295   Does my agency transportation prepayment audit 
program need to establish appeal procedures?

    Yes, your agency must establish, in the approved prepayment audit 
program, an appeals process for a TSP to appeal any reduction in the 
amount billed. It is recommended the agency establish an electronic 
appeal process that will direct TSP-filed appeals to an agency official 
for determination of the claim. Your agency must complete the review of 
the appeal and inform the TSP of the agency determination within 30 
calendar days of the receipt of the appeal, either electronically or in 
writing.


Sec.  102-118.300  What must my agency do if the TSP disputes the 
findings and my agency cannot resolve the dispute?

    (a) If your agency is unable to resolve the disputed amount with 
the TSP, your agency must submit, within 30 calendar days, all relevant 
transportation documentation associated with the dispute, including a 
complete billing history and the appropriation or fund charged, to GSA 
Transportation Audits Division by email at Audit.Policy@gsa.gov, or by 
mail to: U.S. General Services Administration, 1800 F St. NW., 3rd 
Floor, Mail Hub 3400, Washington, DC 20405.
    (b) The GSA Transportation Audits Division will review the appeal 
of an agency's final, full, or partial denial of a claim and issue a 
decision within 30 calendar days of receipt of appeal.
    (c) A TSP must submit claims to the agency within three years under 
the guidelines established in subpart F of this part.


Sec.  102-118.305   What information must be on all transportation 
payment records that have completed my agency's prepayment audit?

    (a) The following information must be annotated on all 
transportation payment records, electronically or on paper, that have 
completed your agency's prepayment audit and for submission to GSA 
Transportation Audits Division:
    (1) The date the bill was received from a TSP;
    (2) A TSP's invoice number;
    (3) Your agency name;
    (4) DRN;
    (5) Amount billed;
    (6) Date invoice was approved for payment;
    (7) Date and amount agency paid;
    (8) Payment location code number and office or organization name;
    (9) Payment voucher number;
    (10) Complete contract, tender or tariff authority, including item 
or section number;
    (11) The TSP's TIN;
    (12) The TSP's SCAC;
    (13) The auditor's authorization code or initials; and
    (14) A copy of any statement of difference and the date it was sent 
to the TSP.
    (b) Your agency can find added guidance in the ``U.S. Government 
Freight Transportation Handbook.'' This handbook is located at 
www.gsa.gov/transaudits.


Sec.  102-118.310  What does the GSA Transportation Audits Division 
consider when verifying an agency prepayment audit program?

    GSA Transportation Audit Division bases verification of agency 
prepayment audit programs on objective cost-savings, paperwork 
reductions, current audit standards, and other positive improvements, 
as well as adherence to the guidelines listed in this part.


Sec.  102-118.315  How does my agency contact the GSA Transportation 
Audits Division?

    Your agency may contact the GSA Transportation Audits Division at 
Audit.Policy@gsa.gov.


Sec.  102-118.320  What action should my agency take if the agency's 
transportation prepayment audit program changes?

    (a) If your agency's transportation prepayment audit program 
changes in any way to include changes in prepayment auditors, your 
agency must submit the CFO-approved revised transportation prepayment 
audit program to GSA Transportation Audits Division via email at 
Audit.Policy@gsa.gov, Subject line: Agency PPA-Revised.
    (b) If GSA determines the agency's approved plan is insufficient, 
GSA will contact the agency CFO to inform of the prepayment audit 
program deficiencies and request corrective action and resubmission to 
GSA Transportation Audits Division.

Agency Certifying and Disbursing Officers


Sec.  102-118.325  Does establishing an agency Chief Financial Officer-
approved transportation prepayment audit program change the 
responsibilities of the certifying officers?

    No, in a prepayment audit program, the official certifying a 
transportation voucher is held liable for verifying transportation 
rates, freight classifications, and other information provided on a 
transportation billing instrument or transportation request undergoing 
a prepayment audit (31 U.S.C. 3528).


Sec.  102-118.330  Does a transportation prepayment audit waiver change 
any liabilities of the certifying officer?

    Yes, a certifying official is not personally liable for verifying 
transportation rates, freight classifications, or other information 
provided on a bill of lading or passenger transportation request when 
the Administrator of General Services or designee waives the prepayment 
audit requirement and your agency uses postpayment audits.


Sec.  102-118.335  What relief from liability is available for the 
certifying official under a transportation postpayment audit?

    The agency counsel relieves a certifying official from liability 
for transportation overpayments in cases where--
    (a) Postpayment is the approved method of auditing;
    (b) The overpayment occurred solely because the administrative 
review before payment did not verify transportation rates; and
    (c) The overpayment was the result of using improper transportation 
rates or freight classifications or the failure to deduct the correct 
amount under a land grant law or agreement.


Sec.  102-118.340  Do the requirements of a transportation prepayment 
audit change the disbursing official's liability for overpayment?

    No, the disbursing official has a liability for overpayments on all 
transportation bills subject to prepayment audit (31 U.S.C. 3322).


Sec.  102-118.345  Where does relief from transportation prepayment 
audit liability for certifying, accountable, and disbursing officers 
reside in my agency?

    Your agency's counsel has the authority to relieve liability and 
give advance opinions on liability issues to certifying, accountable, 
and disbursing officers (31 U.S.C. 3527).

[[Page 65303]]

Exemptions and Suspensions of the Mandatory Transportation Prepayment 
Audit Program


Sec.  102-118.350  What agency has the authority to grant an exemption 
from the transportation prepayment audit requirement?

    Only the Administrator of General Services or their designee has 
the authority to grant an exemption for a specific time period from the 
prepayment audit requirement. The Administrator may exempt bills, a 
particular mode or modes of transportation, or an agency or subagency 
from a prepayment audit and verification and in lieu thereof require a 
postpayment audit, based on cost effectiveness, public interest, or 
other factors the Administrator considers appropriate (31 U.S.C. 
3726(a)(2)).


Sec.  102-118.355  How does my agency apply for an exemption from a 
transportation prepayment audit requirement?

    Your agency must submit a request for an exemption from the 
requirement to perform transportation prepayment audits by email to 
Audit.policy@gsa.gov, Subject Line: Prepayment Audit Exemption Request. 
The agency exemption request must explain in detail why the request is 
submitted based on cost effectiveness, public interest, or other 
factors the Administrator considers appropriate, such as transportation 
modes, dollar thresholds, adversely affecting the agency's mission, or 
is not feasible (31 U.S.C. 3726(a)(2)).


Sec.  102-118.360  How long will GSA take to respond to an exemption 
request from a transportation prepayment audit requirement?

    GSA will respond to the exemption from the transportation 
prepayment audit requirement request within 180 calendar days from the 
date of receipt.


Sec.  102-118.365  Can my agency renew an exemption from the 
transportation prepayment audit requirements?

    It may be possible for your agency to be granted a prepayment audit 
exemption extension. Your agency must submit a request for the 
extension to GSA Transportation Audits Division at least six months in 
advance of the current exemption expiration.


Sec.  102-118.370  Are my agency's prepayment audited transportation 
documentation subject to periodic postpayment audit oversight from the 
GSA Transportation Audits Division?

    Yes. All your agency's prepayment audited transportation documents 
are subject to the GSA Transportation Audits Division postpayment audit 
oversight. Upon request, GSA Transportation Audits Division will 
provide a report analyzing your agency's prepayment audit program.


Sec.  102-118.375  Can GSA suspend my agency's transportation 
prepayment audit program?

    (a) Yes. The Director of the GSA Transportation Audits Division may 
suspend your agency's transportation prepayment audit program until the 
agency corrects their prepayment audit program deficiencies. This 
suspension may be in whole or in part. If GSA suspends your agency's 
transportation prepayment audit and GSA assumes responsibility for 
auditing an agencies prepayment audit program, the agency will 
reimburse GSA for the expense.
    (b) This suspension determination is based on identification of a 
systematic or frequent failure of the agency's transportation 
prepayment audit program to--
    (1) Conduct a prepayment audit of your agency's transportation 
bills; and/or
    (2) Abide by the terms of the Prompt Payment Act (31 U.S.C. 3901, 
et seq.);
    (3) Adjudicate TSP claims disputing prepayment audit positions of 
the agency regularly within 30 calendar days of receipt;
    (4) Follow Comptroller General decisions, Civilian Board of 
Contract Appeals decisions, the Federal Management Regulation and GSA 
instructions or precedents about substantive and procedure matters; 
and/or
    (5) Provide information and data or to cooperate with on-site 
inspections necessary to conduct a quality assurance review.

0
10. Revise Subpart E to read as follows:
Subpart E--Postpayment Transportation Audits
Sec.
Sec.  102-118.400 What is a transportation postpayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.405 Who conducts a transportation postpayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.410 If agencies perform the mandatory transportation 
prepayment audit, will this eliminate the requirement for a 
transportation postpayment audit conducted by GSA?
Sec.  102-118.415 Can the Administrator of General Services exempt 
the transportation postpayment audit requirement?


Sec.  102-118.420  Is my agency allowed to perform a postpayment audit 
on our transportation documents?

Sec.  102-118.425 Is my agency required to forward all 
transportation documents to the GSA Transportation Audits Division, 
and what information must be on these documents?
Sec.  102-118.430 What is the process the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division employs to conduct a postpayment audit?
Sec.  102-118.435 What are the transportation postpayment audit 
roles and responsibilities of the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division?
Sec.  102-118.440 Does my agency pay for a transportation 
postpayment audit conducted by the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division?
Sec.  102-118.445 How do I contact the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division?

Subpart E--Postpayment Transportation Audits


Sec.  102-118.400  What is a transportation postpayment audit?

    Postpayment audit means an audit of transportation billing 
documents after payment to decide their validity, propriety, and 
conformity of rates with tariffs, quotations, agreements, contracts, or 
tenders. The audit may also include subsequent adjustments and 
collection actions taken against a TSP by the Government (31 U.S.C. 
3726).


Sec.  102-118.405  Who conducts a transportation postpayment audit?

    The Administrator of General Services (GSA) has a congressionally 
mandated responsibility under 31 U.S.C. 3726 to perform oversight on 
transportation bills. The GSA Transportation Audits Division 
accomplishes this oversight by conducting postpayment audits of all 
agencies' transportation bills.


Sec.  102-118.410  If agencies perform the mandatory transportation 
prepayment audit, will this eliminate the requirement for a 
transportation postpayment audit conducted by GSA?

    No, agency compliance to the mandatory transportation prepayment 
audit does not eliminate the requirement of the transportation 
postpayment audit conducted by GSA (31 U.S.C. 3726).


Sec.  102-118.415  Can the Administrator of General Services exempt the 
transportation postpayment audit requirement?

    Yes. The Administrator of General Services or designee may exempt, 
for a specified time, an agency or subagency from the GSA 
transportation postpayment audit oversight requirements of this 
subpart. The Administrator can also exempt modes (31 U.S.C. 3726).


Sec.  102-118.420  Is my agency allowed to perform a postpayment audit 
on our transportation documents?

    No. Your agency may not perform a transportation postpayment audit 
unless granted an exemption and specifically

[[Page 65304]]

directed to do so by the Administrator in lieu of a prepayment audit. 
Whether such an exemption is granted or not, your agency must forward 
all transportation documents (TD) to GSA for postpayment audit (see 
Sec.  102-118.35 for definition TD).


Sec.  102-118.425  Is my agency required to forward all transportation 
documents to GSA Transportation Audits Division, and what information 
must be on these documents?

    (a) Yes, your agency must provide all TDs to GSA Transportation 
Audits Division (see Sec.  102-118.35 for definition TD).
    (b) The following information must be annotated on all TDs and 
bills that have completed your agency's prepayment audit for submission 
to GSA Transportation Audits Division:
    (1) The date the bill was received from a TSP;
    (2) A TSP's invoice number;
    (3) Your agency name;
    (4) A DRN;
    (5) Amount billed;
    (6) Date invoice was approved for payment;
    (7) Payment date and amount agency paid;
    (8) Payment location code number and office name;
    (9) Payment voucher number;
    (10) Complete contract, tender, or tariff authority, including item 
or section number;
    (11) The TSP's TIN;
    (12) The TSP's SCAC;
    (13) The auditor's full name, email address, contact telephone 
number, and authorization code; and
    (14) A copy of any statement of difference sent to the TSP.
    (c) Your agency can find additional guidance in the ``U.S. 
Government Freight Transportation Handbook.'' This handbook is located 
at www.gsa.gov/transaudits.


Sec.  102-118.430  What is the process the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division employs to conduct a postpayment audit?

    The GSA Transportation Audits Division
    (a) Audits select TSP bills after payment;
    (b) Audits select TSP bills before payment as needed to protect the 
Government's interest;
    (c) Examines, settles, and adjusts accounts involving payment for 
transportation and related services for the account of agencies;
    (d) Adjudicates and settles transportation claims by and against 
agencies;
    (e) Offsets an overcharge by any TSP from an amount subsequently 
found to be due that TSP;
    (f) Issues a Notice of Overcharge stating that a TSP owes a debt to 
the agency. This notice states the amount paid and the basis for the 
proper charge for the document reference number (DRN), and cites 
applicable contract, tariff, or tender, along with other data relied on 
to support the overcharge; and
    (g) Issues a GSA Notice of Indebtedness when a TSP owes an ordinary 
debt to an agency. This notice states the basis for the debt, the TSP's 
rights, interest, penalty, and other results of nonpayment. The debt is 
due immediately and is subject to interest charges, penalties, and 
administrative cost under 31 U.S.C. 3717.


Sec.  102-118.435   What are the transportation postpayment audit roles 
and responsibilities of the GSA Transportation Audits Division?

    (a) The GSA Transportation Audits Division role is to perform the 
oversight responsibility of transportation prepayment and postpayment 
granted to the Administrator. The GSA Transportation Audits Division 
will--
    (1) Examine and analyze transportation documents and payments to 
discover their validity, relevance and conformity with tariffs, 
quotations, contracts, agreements, or tenders and make adjustments to 
protect the interest of an agency;
    (2) Examine, adjudicate, and settle transportation claims by and 
against the agency;
    (3) Collect from TSPs by refund, setoff, offset, or other means, 
the amounts determined to be due the agency;
    (4) Adjust, terminate, or suspend debts due on TSP overcharges;
    (5) Prepare reports to the Attorney General of the United States 
with recommendations about the legal and technical bases available for 
use in prosecuting or defending suits by or against an agency and 
provide technical, fiscal, and factual data from relevant records;
    (6) Provide transportation specialists and lawyers to serve as 
expert witnesses; assist in pretrial conferences; draft pleadings, 
orders, and briefs; and participate as requested in connection with 
transportation suits by or against an agency;
    (7) Review agency policies, programs, and procedures to determine 
their adequacy and effectiveness in the audit of freight or passenger 
transportation payments, and review related fiscal and transportation 
practices;
    (8) Furnish information on rates, fares, routes, and related 
technical data upon request;
    (9) Inform an agency of irregular shipping routing practices, 
inadequate commodity descriptions, excessive transportation cost 
authorizations, and unsound principles employed in traffic and 
transportation management; and
    (10) Confer with individual TSPs or related groups and associations 
presenting specific modes of transportation to resolve mutual problems 
concerning technical and accounting matters, and providing information 
on requirements.
    (b) The Administrator of General Services may provide 
transportation audit and related technical assistance services, on a 
reimbursable basis, to any other agency. Such reimbursements may be 
credited to the appropriate revolving fund or appropriation from which 
the expenses were incurred (31 U.S.C. 3726(j)).


Sec.  102-118.440  Does my agency pay for a transportation postpayment 
audit conducted by the GSA Transportation Audits Division?

    The GSA Transportation Audits Division does not charge agencies a 
fee for conducting the transportation postpayment audit. Transportation 
postpayment audits expenses are financed from overpayments collected 
from the TSP's bills previously paid by the agency and similar type of 
refunds. However, if a postpayment audit is conducted in lieu of a 
prepayment audit at the request of an agency, or if there are 
additional services required, GSA may charge the agency.


Sec.  102-118.445  How do I contact the GSA Transportation Audits 
Division?

    You may contact the GSA Transportation Audits Division by email at 
Audit.Policy@gsa.gov.

[FR Doc. 2016-22609 Filed 9-21-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 6820-14-P