[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 103 (Friday, May 27, 2016)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 33619-33632]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-12571]


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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Patent and Trademark Office

37 CFR Parts 2 and 7

[Docket No. PTO-T-2016-0005]
RIN 0651-AD08


Trademark Fee Adjustment

AGENCY: United States Patent and Trademark Office, Commerce.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: The United States Patent and Trademark Office (Office or 
USPTO) proposes to set or increase certain trademark fees, as 
authorized by the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act (AIA). The proposed 
fees will allow the Office to recover the aggregate estimated cost of 
Trademark and Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) operations and 
USPTO administrative services that support Trademark operations. The 
proposals will further USPTO strategic objectives by: Better aligning 
fees with the full cost of products and services; protecting the 
integrity of the register by incentivizing more timely filing or 
examination of applications and other filings and more efficient 
resolution of appeals and trials; and promoting the efficiency of the 
process, in large part through lower-cost electronic filing options.

DATES: Written comments must be received on or before July 11, 2016.

ADDRESSES: The USPTO prefers that comments be submitted via electronic 
mail message to TMFRNotices@uspto.gov. Written comments also may be 
submitted by mail to the Commissioner for Trademarks, P.O. Box 1451, 
Alexandria, VA 22313-1451, attention Jennifer Chicoski; by hand 
delivery to the Trademark Assistance Center, Concourse Level, James 
Madison Building-East Wing, 600 Dulany Street, Alexandria, VA 22314, 
attention Jennifer Chicoski; or by electronic mail message via the 
Federal eRulemaking Portal. See the Federal eRulemaking Portal Web site 
(http://www.regulations.gov) for additional instructions on providing 
comments via the Federal eRulemaking Portal. All comments submitted 
directly to the USPTO or provided on the Federal eRulemaking Portal 
should include the docket number (PTO-T-2016-0005).
    The comments will be available for public inspection on the USPTO's 
Web site at http://www.uspto.gov, on the Federal eRulemaking Portal, 
and at the Office of the Commissioner for Trademarks, Madison East, 
Tenth Floor, 600 Dulany Street, Alexandria, VA 22314. Because comments 
will be made available for public inspection, information that is not 
desired to be made public, such as an address or phone number, should 
not be included.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Jennifer Chicoski, Office of the 
Deputy Commissioner for Trademark Examination Policy, by email at 
TMPolicy@uspto.gov, or by telephone at (571) 272-8943.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 
    Purpose: Section 10 of the AIA (Section 10) authorizes the Director 
of the USPTO (Director) to set or adjust by rule any fee established, 
authorized, or charged under the Trademark Act of 1946, 15 U.S.C. 1051 
et seq., as amended (the Trademark Act or the Act) for any services 
performed by, or materials furnished by, the Office. See section 10 of 
the AIA, Public Law 112-29, 125 Stat. 284, 316-17. Section 10 
prescribes that fees may be set or adjusted only to recover the 
aggregate estimated costs to the Office for processing, activities, 
services, and materials relating to trademarks, including 
administrative costs to the Office with respect to such Trademark and 
TTAB operations. The Director may set individual fees at, below, or 
above their respective cost. Section 10 authority includes flexibility 
to set individual fees in a way that furthers key policy 
considerations, while taking into account the cost of the respective 
services. Section 10 also establishes certain procedural requirements 
for setting or adjusting fee regulations, such as public hearings and 
input from the Trademark Public Advisory Committee (TPAC) and oversight 
by Congress. Accordingly, on October 14, 2015, the Director notified 
the TPAC of the Office's intent to set or adjust trademark fees and 
submitted a preliminary trademark fee proposal with supporting 
materials. The preliminary trademark fee proposal and associated 
materials are available at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The fee proposal had three 
objectives to achieve the goals of recovering prospective aggregate 
costs of operation while furthering key policy considerations: (1) To 
better align fees with full costs; (2) to protect the integrity of the 
register; and (3) to promote the efficiency of the trademark process.
    The TPAC held a public hearing in Alexandria, Virginia on November 
3, 2015. Transcripts of this hearing and comments submitted to the TPAC 
in writing are available for review at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The TPAC released 
its report regarding the preliminary proposed fees on November 30, 
2015. The report can be found online at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The Office has 
considered the comments, advice, and recommendations received from the 
TPAC and the public in setting the fees proposed herein.
    In the report, the TPAC expressed general support for an increase 
in fees in order to recover full costs and maintain a sufficient 
operating reserve. The TPAC also expressed concerns over some of the 
fee increases and the potential impact on customers and included 
alternative fee proposals. The USPTO has reviewed the report and has 
amended the initial fee proposal to address some of the concerns, where 
possible, so as to remain consistent with the rulemaking goals and 
objectives.
    The TPAC expressed general support for the stated goals of full 
cost recovery with an increase in certain trademark fees and, in 
particular, for the goal of recovering more of the costs for TTAB 
operations. The report specifically expressed uniform support for the

[[Page 33620]]

proposal to increase paper filing fees to encourage applicants to 
commit to complete electronic processing, due to the additional costs 
of processing paper filings as well as the availability of lower-cost 
electronic filing options. However, the TPAC report did recommend that 
the USPTO provide a mechanism to enable applicants to request a waiver 
of the surcharge incurred for paper filings in the event of system 
outages or if the nature of the submission renders the use of 
electronic systems impossible. Although this comment refers to a matter 
that is outside the scope of this proposed rulemaking, which is 
intended to set or increase certain trademark fees, the USPTO notes 
that the appropriate mechanism for requesting a waiver of a rule is to 
file a petition to the Director under 37 CFR 2.146. The report noted no 
opposition to the proposed increases in paper and electronic fees for 
filing a Petition to the Director. The TPAC also suggested increasing 
the fee for filing a regular Trademark Electronic Application System 
(TEAS) application in order to further encourage complete electronic 
filing.
    A general lack of support was expressed for the proposal to 
increase the fees for electronically filing a request for extension of 
time for filing a statement of use. The TPAC, as well as comments made 
by the public, noted that the current fee adequately covers the USPTO's 
costs for processing these filings, that the increased fees would raise 
the fee burden placed on U.S.-based filers, who are not able to utilize 
either the Paris Convention or the Madrid Protocol, placing them at a 
disadvantage compared to filers from other countries, and that the 
increased fee could negatively impact pro se and small-business 
applicants in particular by making it more expensive to maintain a 
trademark application while preparing to bring a new product or service 
to the market as reasons for not increasing this pre-registration fee 
that only impacts filers under the intent-to-use filing basis. Concerns 
were also expressed regarding the proposed increases to the fees for 
requests to divide applications and notices of ex parte appeal, as well 
as the proposed new fees for filing a request for an extension of time 
to oppose a published trademark application. The report states that the 
increase to the fee for a request to divide adds costs to intent-to-use 
filers and will discourage them from filing a statement of use sooner 
for the goods/services in use, where possible, and could thereby 
deprive third parties searching the Register from gaining information 
about actual use of the relevant mark. The TPAC recommended 
establishing a fee increase that will have a more even impact on all 
filers. Regarding the proposed increased fee for filing a notice of 
appeal, the TPAC proposed that rather than increasing the current fee, 
a new fee for submission of an appeal brief be added. As to the 
proposed new fees for filing a request for an extension of time to 
oppose a published mark, the TPAC report noted that although some 
members raised concerns over the proposed fees, the TPAC held the 
majority view that such fees would be beneficial, as attaching a 
reasonable fee to obtaining extensions of time to oppose after the 
initial 30-day extension should both encourage potential opposers to 
engage more quickly in an analysis of the potential dispute and to seek 
resolution earlier in the process.
    The USPTO appreciates the overall support for an increase in fees 
to meet sufficient funding levels. After careful consideration of the 
comments and suggestions provided in the report, and keeping in mind 
the goals of this rulemaking, the USPTO has made some changes to the 
initial fee proposal, which are reflected in this proposed rulemaking. 
For example, in furtherance of the goal to encourage applicants to 
commit to complete electronic processing, the suggested increase in the 
fee for the regular TEAS application has been added. In addition, the 
increase would also apply to TEAS requests for transformation of an 
extension of protection to the United States into a U.S. application, 
filed pursuant to 37 CFR 7.31. Additionally, due to the concerns 
expressed by the TPAC, the proposed fees for a request to divide and a 
request for an extension of time to file a statement of use have been 
increased for such requests filed on paper, but will remain at the 
current fee levels for those filed electronically. In addition, the 
USPTO proposes to increase the fees for affidavits under sections 8 and 
71 of the Act. This increase will help recover increasing costs to 
review these filings. Furthermore, increasing this fee will affect all 
filers post registration, which should address some of the concerns 
expressed by the TPAC regarding a possible increased burden placed 
predominantly on U.S. filers of applications. Detailed explanations for 
these and the other proposed fee increases can be found in the 
``Rulemaking Goals and Strategies'' and ``Individual Fee Rationale'' 
sections of this rulemaking.
    The fee schedule proposed in this rulemaking will recover the 
aggregate estimated costs to the Office while achieving strategic and 
operational goals, such as maintaining an operating reserve, 
implementing measures to maintain trademark pendency and high quality, 
modernizing the trademark information technology (IT) systems, 
continuing programs for stakeholder and public outreach, and enhancing 
operations of the TTAB.
    The USPTO protects consumers and provides benefits to businesses by 
effectively and efficiently carrying out the trademark laws of the 
United States. The Office estimates that the additional aggregate 
revenue derived from the proposed fee schedule will achieve sustainable 
funding, mitigate the risk of immediate unplanned financial 
disruptions, and fund necessary upgrades to IT systems. The proposed 
rule will also advance key policy considerations, while taking into 
account the cost of individual services. For example, the proposal 
includes increased fees for paper filings, which aims to better align 
the required fees with the cost of processing paper filings and 
incentivize electronic filings to promote efficiency of the 
registration process. Other trademark fees were increased to encourage 
timely filings and notices to further promote the efficiency of the 
process.
    Summary of Major Provisions: The Office proposes to set or adjust 
44 trademark processing fees. The proposed fee structure would increase 
the per-class fee for an initial application filed on paper by $225 to 
$600, and would increase the fees for 31 other paper filings by between 
$100 and $200 (per class, where applicable). The per-class fee for an 
initial application filed using the regular TEAS option would increase 
by $75 to $400. This increase would also apply to requests for 
extension of protection and subsequent designations filed under the 
Madrid Protocol. 15 U.S.C. 1141e; Madrid Protocol Article 8(7)(a). The 
proposed rule increases the fee for filing affidavits under sections 8 
and 71 of the Act for both paper and electronic filings. In addition, 
ten TTAB-related fees are established or revised in the proposed rule, 
six of which would increase the fees for initiating a proceeding filed 
electronically or on paper, and four that would establish electronic 
and paper filing fees for requests to extend time to file a notice of 
opposition in certain circumstances. A full list of current and 
proposed fees including the unit cost by fee from fiscal years 2013, 
2014, and 2015 is available in the Table of Trademark Fees--Current 
Proposed and Unit Cost at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.

[[Page 33621]]

    Rulemaking Goals and Strategies: Consistent with the Office's goals 
and obligations under the AIA, the overall objective of this rulemaking 
is to ensure the fee schedule generates sufficient revenue to recover 
the prospective aggregate costs of Trademark and TTAB operations and 
the associated administrative costs. Fees must be set at levels 
projected to cover future budgetary requirements and maintain an 
operating reserve. A record number of over 500,000 classes were filed 
in fiscal year (FY) 2015, and the Office projects this trend of 
increased filings to continue for the foreseeable future. Additionally, 
to maintain trademark pendency and quality goals with the increased 
filings, the Office must ensure it has adequate resources and systems 
to support future requirements. The Office is in the midst of a multi-
year IT systems and infrastructure upgrade, which is critical to the 
future of the U.S. trademark registration system.
    Maintaining the current fee schedule is unlikely to meet future 
budgetary requirements, including expenses resulting from the projected 
increases in filings; the full costs necessary to support Trademark and 
TTAB operations, necessary investments in IT systems, intellectual 
property (IP) policy, and USPTO programs; and the cost of maintaining 
sufficient operating reserves. Under the current fee schedule, these 
costs will exceed available revenues and operating reserve optimal 
balances through 2021. The USPTO FY 2017 President's Budget includes 
two revenue estimates: (1) The current fee schedule; and (2) the 
initial fee proposal as submitted to the TPAC and discussed in their 
public hearing and report. Additional information on estimated cost may 
be found in the USPTO FY 2017 President's Budget (Figure #4 page 23) at 
http://www.uspto.gov/sites/default/files/documents/fy17pbr.pdf. 
Managing without an adequate operating reserve would put the USPTO in 
jeopardy of being unable to respond to emergency situations--such as 
unexpected economic downturns--thereby increasing the risk for dire 
short-term financial actions, such as halting investment in IT 
development projects that are crucial to operations and customer 
support. An adequate operating reserve also allows the USPTO to 
continue serving its users in the event of a short-term lapse in 
Congressional appropriations.
    The Office notes that because the FY 2017 President's Budget was 
submitted prior to the USPTO making final decisions on the proposed fee 
adjustments, the operating reserve amounts for FY 2017-FY 2021 included 
in that document differ from what would be generated by this NPRM. 
Given that the Office reduced several fees from the initial proposal in 
response to comments from the TPAC and the public, the aggregate 
revenue collected under the proposed fee schedule in this rule, and 
subsequently the amount expected to be allocated to the operating 
reserve, is lower than what appears in the President's Budget. With the 
proposed fee schedule, optimal operating reserves are projected by FY 
2019. The USPTO would use its existing authority going forward to 
adjust fees to cover budgetary requirements and to maintain the optimal 
operating reserve balance. If the projected operating reserve exceeds 
the estimated optimal level by 15 percent for two consecutive years, 
the USPTO would consider lowering fees.
    Another goal of this rulemaking is to set individual fees to 
further key IP protection policy considerations while taking into 
account the cost of the particular service. The Office seeks to enhance 
trademark protection for IP rights holders by offering application 
processing options and promoting Administration innovation strategies.
    The proposal has three objectives to achieve the goals of 
recovering prospective aggregate costs of operation while furthering 
key policy considerations: (1) To better align fees with full costs; 
(2) to protect the integrity of the register; and (3) to promote the 
efficiency of the trademark process. Aggregate costs are estimated 
through the USPTO budget-formulation process with the annual 
preparation of a five-year performance-based budget request. Revenues 
are estimated based on the projected demand for trademark products and 
services and fee rates.
    These fee-schedule objectives are consistent with strategic goals 
and objectives detailed in the USPTO 2014-2018 Strategic Plan 
(Strategic Plan) that is available at http://www.uspto.gov/sites/default/files/documents/USPTO_2014-2018_Strategic_Plan.pdf. The 
Strategic Plan defines the USPTO's mission and long-term goals and 
presents the actions the Office will take to realize those goals. The 
significant actions the Office describes in the Strategic Plan that are 
specifically related to the goals of this rulemaking are ensuring 
optimal IT service to all users, maintaining trademark pendency and 
high quality, continuing and enhancing stakeholder and public outreach, 
and enhancing operations of the TTAB.
    Better Align Fees with Cost: The first fee-setting objective is to 
set and adjust trademark fees to better align those fees with the full 
costs of providing the relevant services. The overall goal is to 
achieve aggregate cost recovery. In determining which fees to set or 
adjust, the fee proposal targets changes to fees where the gap between 
the cost of the service and the current fee rate is the greatest. Paper 
filings are generally more expensive to process than electronic 
filings. Currently, however, most fees for paper filings are not set at 
full cost; instead they are subsidized by electronic filers. Because of 
this, across-the-board increases in fees for paper filings are proposed 
to bring the respective fees closer to the actual cost of processing 
paper filings and incentivize lower-cost electronic options. 
Additionally, adjustments to TTAB fees, which have not been adjusted, 
depending on the fee, for 15-25 years, have been proposed to bring the 
fees closer to current processing costs, and new fees for extensions of 
time to file a notice of opposition will allow recovery of some of the 
cost of processing these filings.
    Improve the Accuracy of the Trademark Register: The second fee-
setting objective is to set or adjust fees to further the policy 
objective of improving the accuracy of the trademark register by 
incentivizing timely filings, examination, and efficient trial and 
appeal resolutions. These fees are used to encourage actions that help 
to facilitate efficient processing and encourage the prompt conclusion 
of application prosecution. An accurate register allows the public to 
rely on the register to determine potential trademark rights. Filings 
that may result in a less-accurate register, including those to 
maintain registrations that may include goods or services no longer in 
use, are among those filings targeted under this objective.
    Improve the Efficiency of the Trademark Process: The third fee-
setting objective pertains to furthering key policy objectives by 
improving the efficiency of the trademark process, primarily by 
incentivizing electronic filings. To reach this objective, the fee 
proposal targets changes to fees that could administratively improve 
application processing by encouraging more electronic filing. 
Electronic filing expedites processing, shortens pendency, minimizes 
manual processing and the potential for data-entry errors, and is more 
efficient for both the filer and the USPTO. The Office believes that 
the proposed increase in fees for paper filings, in conjunction with 
such prior rulemakings as the TEAS Reduced Fee (TEAS RF) rulemaking 
that took effect

[[Page 33622]]

in January, 2015 (79 FR 74633 (Dec. 16, 2014)) and increased electronic 
filing options at lower rates, will continue to result in a greater 
percentage of electronic filings that will improve the efficiency of 
the trademark process.
    The trademark fee schedule proposed here will achieve the goals of 
recovering prospective aggregate costs of operation while furthering 
the key policy considerations of better aligning fees with full costs, 
protecting the integrity of the register, and promoting the efficiency 
of the trademark process in FY 2017 and beyond. It will also create a 
better and fairer cost-recovery system that balances subsidizing costs 
to encourage broader usage of IP rights protection mechanisms and 
participation by more trademark owners.

                                             Fees for Paper Filings
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                                                                                          Proposed
            37 CFR               Fee code            Description           Current fee      fee         Change
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2.6(a)(1)(i).................         6001  Filing an Application on              $375         $600         $225
                                             Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(19)(i)................         6006  Request to Divide an                   100          200          100
                                             Application Filed on Paper,
                                             per New Application Created.
2.6(a)(1)(v).................         6008  Additional Processing Fee               50          125           75
                                             under Sec.   2.22(c) or Sec.
                                               2.23(c), per Class.
2.6(a)(5)(i).................         6201  Filing an Application for              400          500          100
                                             Renewal of a Registration on
                                             Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(6)(i).................         6203  Additional Fee for Filing a            100          200          100
                                             Renewal Application During
                                             the Grace Period on Paper,
                                             per Class.
2.6(a)(21)(i)................         6204  Correcting a Deficiency in a           100          200          100
                                             Renewal Application via
                                             Paper Filing.
2.6(a)(12)(i)................         6205  Filing an Affidavit under              100          250          150
                                             sec. 8 of the Act on Paper,
                                             per Class.
2.6(a)(14)(i)................         6206  Additional Fee for Filing a            100          200          100
                                             sec. 8 Affidavit During the
                                             Grace Period on Paper, per
                                             Class.
2.6(a)(20)(i)................         6207  Correcting a Deficiency in a           100          200          100
                                             sec. 8 Affidavit via Paper
                                             Filing.
2.6(a)(13)(i)................         6208  Filing an Affidavit under              200          300          100
                                             sec. 15 of the Act on Paper,
                                             per Class.
2.6(a)(7)(i).................         6210  Filing to Publish a Mark               100          200          100
                                             under sec. 12(c) of the Act
                                             on Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(8)(i).................         6211  Issuing New Certificate of             100          200          100
                                             Registration upon Request of
                                             Registrant, Request Filed on
                                             Paper.
2.6(a)(9)(i).................         6212  Certificate of Correction of           100          200          100
                                             Registrant's Error, Request
                                             Filed on Paper.
2.6(a)(10)(i)................         6213  Filing a Disclaimer to a               100          200          100
                                             Registration, on Paper.
2.6(a)(11)(i)................         6214  Filing an Amendment to a               100          200          100
                                             Registration, on Paper.
2.6(a)(2)(i).................         6002  Filing an Amendment to Allege          100          200          100
                                             Use under sec. 1(c) of the
                                             Act on Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(3)(i).................         6003  Filing a Statement of Use              100          200          100
                                             under sec. 1(d)(1) of the
                                             Act on Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(4)(i).................         6004  Filing a Request under sec.            150          250          100
                                             1(d)(2) of the Act for a Six-
                                             Month Extension of Time for
                                             Filing a Statement of Use
                                             under sec. 1(d)(1) of the
                                             Act on Paper, per Class.
7.6(a)(1)(i).................         6901  Certifying an International            100          200          100
                                             Application Based on a
                                             Single Application or
                                             Registration, Filed on
                                             Paper, per Class.
7.6(a)(2)(i).................         6902  Certifying an International            150          250          100
                                             Application Based on More
                                             Than One Basic Application
                                             or Registration Filed on
                                             Paper, per Class.
7.6(a)(4)(i).................         6903  Transmitting a Request to              100          200          100
                                             Record an Assignment or
                                             Restriction, or Release of a
                                             Restriction, under Sec.
                                             7.23 or Sec.   7.24 Filed on
                                             Paper.
7.6(a)(5)(i).................         6904  Filing a Notice of                     100          200          100
                                             Replacement under Sec.
                                             7.28 on Paper, per Class.
7.6(a)(6)(i).................         6905  Filing an Affidavit under              100          250          150
                                             sec. 71 of the Act on Paper,
                                             per Class.
7.6(a)(7)(i).................         6906  Surcharge for Filing an                100          200          100
                                             Affidavit under sec. 71 of
                                             the Act During Grace Period
                                             on Paper, per Class.
7.6(a)(3)(i).................         6907  Transmitting a Subsequent              100          200          100
                                             Designation under Sec.
                                             7.21, Filed on Paper.
7.6(a)(8)(i).................         6908  Correcting a Deficiency in a           100          200          100
                                             sec. 71 Affidavit Filed on
                                             Paper.
2.6(a)(16)(i)................         6401  Filing a Petition to Cancel            300          500          200
                                             on Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(17)(i)................         6402  Filing a Notice of Opposition          300          500          200
                                             on Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(18)(i)................         6403  Ex Parte Appeal to the                 100          300          200
                                             Trademark Trial and Appeal
                                             Board Filed on Paper, per
                                             Class.
2.6(a)(22)(i)................          New  Filing a Request for an        ...........          200          n/a
                                             Extension of Time to File a
                                             Notice of Opposition under
                                             Sec.   2.102(c)(3) on Paper.
2.6(a)(23)(i)................          New  Filing a Request for an        ...........          300          n/a
                                             Extension of Time to File a
                                             Notice of Opposition under
                                             Sec.   2.102(c)(1)(ii) or
                                             (c)(2) on Paper.
2.6(a)(15)(i)................         6005  Petitions to the Director              100          200          100
                                             Filed on Paper.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Individual Fee Rationale: The Office projects the aggregate revenue 
generated from current and proposed trademark fees will recover the 
prospective aggregate cost, including the operating reserve of its 
Trademark and TTAB operations. In addition, as described above, some of 
the proposed fees are set to balance several key policy factors, and 
executing these policy factors in the trademark fee schedule is 
consistent with the goals and objectives outlined in the Strategic 
Plan. Once the key policy factors are considered, fees are set at, 
above, or below individual cost-

[[Page 33623]]

recovery levels for the service provided. For more information 
regarding the cost methodologies used to derive the historical fee unit 
expenses, please refer to USPTO Fee Setting--Activity Based Information 
and Trademark Fee Unit Expense Methodology available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    Fees for Paper Filings: The proposed rulemaking increases the fees 
for paper filings in order to meet two objectives: Better aligning fees 
with costs and improve the efficiency of the trademark process. The fee 
for filing a trademark application for registration on paper would rise 
by $225, from $375 per International Class to $600 per International 
Class. Additionally, all trademark processing fees for paper filings 
would increase by $100 to $200 more than current fees (per class, when 
applicable).
    The costs of processing paper filings are generally higher than 
electronic filings and higher than current fee schedules. A full list 
of current and proposed fees including the unit cost by fee from fiscal 
years 2013, 2014, and 2015 is available in the Table of Trademark 
Fees--Current Proposed and Unit Cost at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. An increase in the 
fees for these filings will help to offset the higher processing costs 
and come closer to recovering the total processing costs. Furthermore, 
setting a higher fee for paper filings incentivizes electronic filings, 
which are more cost efficient for the Office to process and which 
reduce the possibility of data-entry errors. As a result, adjustments 
of 5-10% in the estimated number of paper filings have been made in 
projecting filings and estimating revenue considering the impact of the 
fee increase on the behavior of applicants and resulting revenues. The 
rationale behind this fee increase is consistent with prior fee 
reductions for electronic filings.
    A majority of comments received from the TPAC expressed support for 
increasing all paper filing fees, acknowledging the additional cost of 
processing paper filings and the fairly small impact on the overall 
system given the availability of lower-fee, more-efficient electronic 
alternatives. At present, the vast majority of filings are electronic. 
For example, in FY 2015, only 0.4% of initial applications for 
registration were filed on paper. With two exceptions, more than 95% of 
all fee-paid requests were filed electronically in FY 2015. Thus, an 
increase in all paper filing fees would have virtually no impact on the 
vast majority of applicants and registrants who file documents 
electronically.
    Other Trademark-Processing Fees: The Office also proposes to 
increase certain other trademark processing fees in order to further 
key policy considerations, as discussed below. The proposed rulemaking 
increases the per-class fee for an initial application filed through 
TEAS from $325 to $400. This fee increase would apply to both U.S. and 
foreign filers as well as to applications submitted under the Madrid 
Protocol as requests for extension of protection and subsequent 
designation. The proposal also increases the processing fee for failure 
to meet the requirements for a TEAS Plus or TEAS RF filing from $50 to 
$125 per International Class to better align the resulting total charge 
with the fee for filing a regular TEAS application. The proposed rule 
sets out increases to the fees for affidavits under sections 8 and 71 
of the Act in the amount of $50 per class for electronic filings and 
$150 per class for paper filings.
    Initial Application Filed Through TEAS: The proposed rule increases 
the fee for an initial application filed through TEAS as a regular TEAS 
application in order to better align the fee with the costs and to 
incentivize subsequent electronic filing and communications. The fee is 
increased from $325 to $400 to bring the fee closer to the full 
processing cost. Unlike the TEAS Plus and TEAS RF application options, 
the regular TEAS application does not require the applicant to commit 
to communicating electronically with the Office throughout the course 
of prosecution of the application. Increasing the fee for this 
application option will encourage applicants to commit to complete 
electronic processing using one of the lower-cost application options. 
Corresponding increases to the individual fee for requests for 
protection of an International Registration through the Madrid Protocol 
would also be affected by invoking the relevant provisions under the 
Protocol and its Common Regulations to adjust fees at the request of a 
contracting party.

                                         Other Trademark-Processing Fees
                                    [Initial application filed through TEAS]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         37 CFR             Fee code           Description          Current fee    Proposed fee       Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6(a)(1)(ii)..........            7001  Filing and Application             $325            $400             $75
                                          through TEAS, per
                                          Class.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (1) Processing Fee for Failure to Meet Requirements for TEAS Plus 
or TEAS RF: The proposed rule increases the fee for failure to meet 
TEAS Plus or TEAS RF filing requirements in order to promote the 
efficiency of the trademark application process by incentivizing 
electronic filings and communication. Both TEAS Plus and TEAS RF 
feature reduced filing fees in exchange for meeting certain 
requirements, including a requirement to file certain documents 
electronically. Applicants who fail to meet the requirements are 
charged a per-class processing fee. This fee is proposed to be 
increased from $50 to $125 to address the difference between the filing 
fees for these applications and the proposed filing fee for a regular 
TEAS application, and to further encourage applicants to maintain the 
discounted application status by meeting all TEAS Plus and TEAS RF 
requirements to avoid being assessed the additional processing fee. 
Thus, the Office will continue to promote use of electronic filings, 
which are more efficient and cost-effective to review.

[[Page 33624]]



                                         Other Trademark-Processing Fees
                   [Processing fee for failure to meet requirements for TEAS Plus or TEAS RF]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         37 CFR             Fee code           Description          Current fee    Proposed fee       Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6(a)(1)(v)...........            6008  Additional Processing               $50            $125             $75
                                          Fee under Sec.
                                          2.22(c) or Sec.
                                          2.23(c), per Class
                                          (paper).
2.6(a)(1)(v)...........            7008  Additional Processing                50             125              75
                                          Fee under Sec.
                                          2.22(c) or Sec.
                                          2.23(c), per Class
                                          (electronic).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) Affidavits under sections 8 and 71 of the Act: In addition to 
aligning the fees with full costs, the increase in fees for submitting 
affidavits under sections 8 and 71 will help to ensure the accuracy and 
integrity of the trademark register. Costs are set to increase for 
these filings as a result of the need for increased legal examination. 
In 2012, the USPTO began the Post Registration Proof of Use Pilot 
Program, during which 500 registrations (for which section 8 or 71 
Declarations of Use were filed) were reviewed to assess the accuracy 
and integrity of the trademark register as to the actual use of the 
mark with the goods and/or services identified in the registration. The 
findings of the pilot program demonstrated a need for ongoing measures 
for additional review of these filings on a permanent basis. Such 
additional measures, which are currently under development in a 
separate rulemaking, will help identify and remove registrations with 
insufficient maintenance filings, thereby reducing the number of 
invalid registrations, and resulting in a more accurate trademark 
register. Increased fees will be required to support the additional 
review.

                                         Other Trademark-Processing Fees
                              [Affidavits under Sec.   8 and Sec.   71 of the Act]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         37 CFR             Fee code           Description          Current fee    Proposed fee       Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6(a)(12)(i)..........            6205  Filing an Affidavit                $100            $250            $150
                                          under sec. 8 of the
                                          Act on Paper, per
                                          Class.
2.6(a)(12)(ii).........            7205  Filing an Affidavit                 100             150              50
                                          under sec. 8 of the
                                          Act through TEAS, per
                                          Class.
7.6(a)(6)(i)...........            6905  Filing an Affidavit                 100             250             150
                                          under sec. 71 of the
                                          Act on Paper, per
                                          Class.
7.6(a)(6)(ii)..........            7905  Filing an Affidavit                 100             150              50
                                          under sec. 71 of the
                                          Act through TEAS, per
                                          Class.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Trademark Service Fees: The proposed rule discontinues two 
trademark service fees and replaces two ``at-cost'' service fees with a 
set fee. The proposal discontinues the deposit account set-up fee 
because the process will be handled electronically, thus reducing the 
cost to process. The proposed rule also discontinues the self-service 
copy fees because the service will be provided by a third-party vendor. 
Finally, the unspecified labor fees are being replaced with a set fee 
of $160 for expedited service and $40 for overnight delivery. The 
proposed fees are based on an average hourly cost of $40 per hour and 
the additional time estimated to fulfill the type of request.

                                             Trademark Service Fees
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         37 CFR             Fee code           Description          Current fee    Proposed fee       Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6(b)(11).............            8524  Unspecified Other               At cost             n/a             n/a
                                          Services, Excluding
                                          Labor.
2.6(b)(8)..............             New  Marginal Cost, Paid in   ..............             $40             n/a
                                          Advance, For Each Hour
                                          of Terminal Session
                                          Time, Including Print
                                          Time, Using X-Search
                                          Capabilities, Prorated
                                          for the Actual Time
                                          Used. The Director May
                                          Waive the Payment by
                                          an Individual for
                                          Access to X-Search
                                          upon a Showing of Need
                                          or Hardship, and if
                                          Such Waiver is in the
                                          Public Interest.
2.6(b)(13)(i)..........            9201  Establish Deposit                   $10             n/a             n/a
                                          Account.
2.6(b)(9)..............            8902  Self-Service Copy                 $0.25             n/a             n/a
                                          Charge, per Page
                                          Copishare Card.
2.6(b)(10).............            8523  Labor Charges for                   $40             n/a             n/a
                                          Services, per Hour or
                                          Fraction Thereof.
2.6(b)(10).............             New  Additional Fee for       ..............            $160             n/a
                                          Expedited Service.
2.6(b)(9)..............             New  Additional Fee for       ..............             $40             n/a
                                          Overnight Delivery.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Existing Fees at the TTAB: This proposed rule also increases ex 
parte (i.e., appeal) fees, which have not been adjusted in more than 25 
years, and inter partes (i.e., trial) fees, which have not been 
adjusted in 15 years. The proposal includes a $100 per-class increase 
in fees for electronic filings for petitions for cancellation, notices 
of opposition, and ex parte appeals. A $200 increase, per class, is 
proposed for paper filings for the same requests. Currently, the cost 
of TTAB operations is heavily subsidized by revenue from other 
trademark processing fees. The

[[Page 33625]]

proposed increases will not recover the full costs of TTAB operations, 
but will bring the fees closer to the full costs in order to bring 
better alignment between costs and fees. Furthermore, the increased 
fees for paper filings will incentivize lower-cost electronic filing in 
order to improve the efficiency of processing and reduce total costs. 
In general, TPAC commenters supported these fee increases because of 
the recognized costs for processing.

                                            Existing Fees at the TTAB
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         37 CFR             Fee code           Description          Current fee    Proposed fee       Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6(a)(16)(i)..........            6401  Filing a Petition to               $300            $500            $200
                                          Cancel on Paper, per
                                          Class.
2.6(a)(16)(ii).........            7401  Filing a Petition to                300             400             100
                                          Cancel through ESTTA,
                                          per Class.
2.6(a)(17)(i)..........            6402  Filing a Notice of                  300             500             200
                                          Opposition on Paper,
                                          per Class.
2.6(a)(17)(ii).........            7402  Filing a Notice of                  300             400             100
                                          Opposition through
                                          ESTTA, per Class.
2.6(a)(18)(i)..........            6403  Ex Parte Appeal to the              100             300             200
                                          Trademark Trial and
                                          Appeal Board Filed on
                                          Paper, per Class.
2.6(a)(18)(ii).........            7403  Ex Parte Appeal to the              100             200             100
                                          Trademark Trial and
                                          Appeal Board Filed
                                          through ESTTA, per
                                          Class.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Establish Fees for Extensions of Time at the TTAB: New fees are 
proposed for requests for extensions of time to file a notice of 
opposition in order to better align the fees with the processing costs 
as well as to protect the integrity of the trademark register. The 
public has 30 days from the date of publication of an application to 
file a notice of opposition with the TTAB. However, a potential opposer 
has available to it several types of extensions, which currently have 
no fee, that allows the opposer to delay an application or delay making 
a decision regarding whether to file an opposition. Currently, there is 
no fee associated with extensions of time to file a notice of 
opposition. The rulemaking proposes a tiered fee structure for these 
filings. Under the proposed structure, applicants may request: (1) An 
initial 30-day extension for no fee; (2) a subsequent 60-day extension 
for a fee of $100 for electronic filings and $200 for paper filings; 
and (3) a final 60-day extension for a fee of $200 for electronic 
filings and $300 for paper filings.

                                Establish Fees for Extensions of Time at the TTAB
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         37 CFR             Fee code           Description          Current fee    Proposed fee       Change
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2.6(a)(22)(i)..........             New  Filing a Request for an  ..............            $200             n/a
                                          Extension of Time to
                                          File a Notice of
                                          Opposition under Sec.
                                           2.102(c)(3) on Paper.
2.6(a)(22)(ii).........             New  Filing a Request for an  ..............             100             n/a
                                          Extension of Time to
                                          File a Notice of
                                          Opposition under Sec.
                                           2.102(c)(3) through
                                          ESTTA.
2.6(a)(23)(i)..........             New  Filing a Request for an  ..............             300             n/a
                                          Extension of Time to
                                          File a Notice of
                                          Opposition under Sec.
                                           2.102(c)(1)(ii) or
                                          (c)(2) on Paper.
2.6(a)(23)(ii).........             New  Filing a Request for an  ..............             200             n/a
                                          Extension of Time to
                                          File a Notice of
                                          Opposition under Sec.
                                           2.102(c)(1)(ii) or
                                          (c)(2) through ESTTA.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    These fees would yield efficiencies by encouraging potential 
opposers to make decisions regarding filing an opposition sooner, thus 
reducing delays to applicants. Additionally, for those that file the 
notice of opposition, the fee will result in faster conclusion of TTAB 
cases by encouraging earlier decisions to initiate proceedings. This 
should also help to protect the integrity of the trademark register by 
encouraging timely decisions and filings to ensure that the rights of 
other applicants and the public are not adversely affected.
    The TPAC commenters expressed some concern over the establishment 
of these fees, noting that it may result in a higher number of 
oppositions being filed because the decision is rushed. Given that the 
fee for the notice of opposition has also been increased, the Office 
believes that the fees should encourage earlier calculated decisions 
based on all of the available information and fees. Furthermore, 
implementing a tiered-fee structure will reduce the number of potential 
opposers that use the extensions merely to delay applications.
    Finally, these fees will help offset the processing costs. In FY 
2015, the Office received 17,000 requests for extensions of time to 
file a notice of opposition, but there has been no fee to cover the 
costs to process these filings. It is customary for requests that delay 
processing of records, such as extensions, to require a fee to 
contribute to the cost of processing the filing as well as the overall 
cost of processing of appeals and trials. These fees are necessary to 
help attain primary Office goals of recovering the aggregate cost of 
operations, along with key policy considerations such as encouraging 
efficient processing.
    Costs and Benefits: This rulemaking is not considered to be 
economically significant under Executive Order 12866 (Sept. 30, 1993).

Discussion of Proposed Regulatory Changes

    The USPTO proposes to amend Sec. Sec.  2.6 and 7.6 to establish new 
or increase certain existing trademark fees, and to make other 
conforming changes, as described in the section-by-section analysis 
below.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(1)(i) to increase the fee 
for an initial application filed on paper from $375 to $600 per class, 
and Sec.  2.6(a)(1)(ii) to increase the fee for an initial application 
filed using the regular TEAS option from $325 to $400 per class. This 
increase would also apply to requests for extension of protection filed 
under the Madrid Protocol.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(1)(v) to increase the fee 
for failure to meet TEAS Plus or TEAS RF requirements from $50 to $125 
per class.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(2) to read ``Amendment to 
allege use'' and to add Sec. Sec.  2.6(a)(2)(i) and (ii) to

[[Page 33626]]

set out the fees for filing an amendment to allege use on paper and 
through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(2)(i) increases 
the paper filing fee, per class, from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(3) to read ``Statement of 
use'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(3)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees for 
filing a statement of use on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The 
proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(3)(i) increases the paper filing fee, per class, 
from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(4) to read ``Extension of 
time for filing statement of use'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(4)(i) and 
(ii) to set out the fees for filing an extension of time to file a 
statement of use on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed 
Sec.  2.6(a)(4)(i) increases the paper filing fee, per class, from $150 
to $250.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(5)(i) to increase the fee 
for filing an application for renewal of a registration on paper from 
$400 to $500 per class.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(6) to read ``Renewal 
during grace period'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(6)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for filing a renewal application during the grace period on 
paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(6)(i) 
increases the paper filing fee, per class, from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(7) to read ``Publishing 
mark under section 12(c)'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(7)(i) and (ii) to 
set out the fees for filing a request to publish a mark under section 
12(c) on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  
2.6(a)(7)(i) increases the paper filing fee, per class, from $100 to 
$200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(8) to read ``New 
certificate of registration'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(8)(i) and (ii) to 
set out the fees for a filing a request to issue a new certificate of 
registration on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed 
Sec.  2.6(a)(8)(i) increases the paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(9) to read ``Certificate 
of correction of registrant's error'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(9)(i) and 
(ii) to set out the fees for filing a request to issue a certification 
of correction of a registrant's error on paper and through TEAS, 
respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(9)(i) increases the paper 
filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(10) to read ``Disclaimer 
to a registration'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(10)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for submitting a disclaimer to a registration on paper and 
through TEAS or the Electronic System for Trademark Trials and Appeals 
(ESTTA), respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(10)(i) increases the 
paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(11) to read ``Amendment 
of registration'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(11)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for filing an amendment to a registration on paper and through 
TEAS or ESTTA, respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(11)(i) increases 
the paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(12) to read ``Affidavit 
under section 8'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(12)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for filing an affidavit under section 8 of the Act on paper 
and through TEAS. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(12)(i) increases the paper 
filing fee, per class, from $100 to $250, and the proposed Sec.  
2.6(a)(12)(ii) increases the electronic filing fee, per class, from 
$100 to $150.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(13) to read ``Affidavit 
under section 15'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(13)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for filing an affidavit under section 15 of the Act on paper 
and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(13)(i) 
increases the paper filing fee, per class, from $200 to $300.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(14) to read ``Filing 
section 8 affidavit during grace period'' and to add Sec.  
2.6(a)(14)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees for filing an affidavit 
under section 8 of the Act during the grace period on paper and through 
TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(14)(i) increases the 
paper filing fee, per class, from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(15) to read ``Petitions 
to the Director'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(15)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for filing a petition to the Director on paper and through 
TEAS. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(15)(i) increases the paper filing fee 
from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(16) to read ``Petition to 
cancel'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(16)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees 
for filing a petition to cancel on paper and through ESTTA. The 
proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(16)(i) increases the paper filing fee, per class, 
from $300 to $500 and Sec.  2.6(a)(16)(ii) increases the electronic 
filing fee, per class, from $300 to $400.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(17) to read ``Notice of 
opposition'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(17)(i) and (ii) to set out the 
fees for filing a notice of opposition on paper and through ESTTA. The 
proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(17)(i) increases the paper filing fee, per class, 
from $300 to $500 and Sec.  2.6(a)(17)(ii) increases the electronic 
filing fee, per class, from $300 to $400.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(18) to read ``Ex parte 
appeal'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(18)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees 
for filing an ex parte appeal on paper and through ESTTA. The proposed 
Sec.  2.6(a)(18)(i) increases the paper filing fee, per class, from 
$100 to $300 and Sec.  2.6(a)(18)(ii) increases the electronic filing 
fee, per class, from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(19) to read ``Dividing an 
application'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(19)(i) and (ii) to set out the 
fees for filing a request to divide an application on paper and through 
TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(19)(i) increases the 
paper filing fee from $100 to $200 per new application created.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(20) to read ``Correcting 
deficiency in section 8 affidavit'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(20)(i) and 
(ii) to set out the fees for filing a correction in a section 8 
affidavit on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  
2.6(a)(20)(i) increases the paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(a)(21) to read ``Correcting 
deficiency in renewal application'' and to add Sec.  2.6(a)(21)(i) and 
(ii) to set out the fees for filing a correction in a renewal 
application on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  
2.6(a)(21)(i) increases the paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to add Sec.  2.6(a)(22) to read ``Extension of 
time for filing notice of opposition under Sec.  2.102(c)(1)(ii) or 
(c)(2)'' and Sec.  2.6(a)(22)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees for 
filing a request for an extension of time to file a notice of 
opposition pursuant to Sec.  2.102(c)(1)(ii) or (c)(2) on paper and 
through ESTTA. The proposed Sec.  2.6(a)(22)(i) sets the paper filing 
fee at $200 and Sec.  2.6(a)(22)(ii) sets the electronic filing fee at 
$100.
    The USPTO proposes to add Sec.  2.6(a)(23) to read ``Extension of 
time for filing notice of opposition under Sec.  2.102(c)(3)'' and 
Sec.  2.6(a)(23)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees for filing a request 
for an extension of time to file a notice of opposition pursuant to 
Sec.  2.102(c)(3) on paper and through ESTTA. The proposed Sec.  
2.6(a)(23)(i) sets the paper filing fee at $300 and Sec.  
2.6(a)(23)(ii) sets the electronic filing fee at $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(b)(9) to delete the current 
fee for self-service copies and replace it with a fee of $40 for 
overnight delivery.

[[Page 33627]]

    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.6(b)(10) to delete the current 
fee for labor charges and replace it with a fee of $160 for expedited 
service.
    The USPTO proposes to delete the current Sec.  2.6(b)(11) and to 
redesignate the current Sec.  2.6(b)(12) as Sec.  2.6(b)(11).
    The USPTO proposes to delete the current Sec.  2.6(b)(13) and 
(b)(13)(i), to redesignate the current Sec.  2.6(b)(13)(ii) as Sec.  
2.6(b)(12), and to add the wording ``Deposit account'' at the beginning 
of the paragraph.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.200(b) to delete the reference 
to the extra charge in Sec.  2.6(b)(10), pursuant to the proposed 
change to Sec.  2.6(b)(10) set forth above.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  2.208(a) to delete the reference 
to the fee for establishing a deposit account and amend the reference 
regarding the service charge to Sec.  2.6(b)(12), pursuant to the 
proposed changes to Sec. Sec.  2.6(b)(13) through (13)(ii) set forth 
above.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(1) to read 
``Certification of international application based on single 
application or registration'' and to add Sec.  7.6(a)(1)(i) and (ii) to 
set out the fees for certifying an international application based on a 
single basic application or registration on paper and through TEAS, 
respectively. The proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(1)(i) increases the paper 
filing fee, per class, from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(2) to read 
``Certification of international application based on more than one 
application or registration'' and to add Sec.  7.6(a)(2)(i) and (ii) to 
set out the fees for certifying an international application based on a 
more than one application or registration on paper and through TEAS, 
respectively. The proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(2)(i) increases the paper 
filing fee, per class, from $150 to $250.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(3) to read ``Transmission 
of subsequent designation'' and to add Sec.  7.6(a)(3)(i) and (ii) to 
set out the fees for transmitting a subsequent designation under Sec.  
7.21 on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  
7.6(a)(3)(i) increases the paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(4) to read ``Transmission 
of request to record an assignment or restriction'' and to add Sec.  
7.6(a)(4)(i) and (ii) to set out the fees for transmitting a request to 
record an assignment or restriction under Sec.  7.23 or Sec.  7.24 on 
paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(4)(i) 
increases the paper filing fee from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(5) to read ``Notice of 
replacement'' and to add Sec.  7.6(a)(5)(i) and (ii) to set out the 
fees for filing a notice of replacement under Sec.  7.28 on paper and 
through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(5)(i) increases 
the fee, per class, for filing a notice of replacement on paper from 
$100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(6) to read ``Affidavit 
under section 71'' and to add Sec.  7.6(a)(6)(i) and (ii) to set out 
the fees for filing an affidavit under section 71 of the Act on paper 
and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(6)(i) 
increases the paper filing fee, per class, from $100 to $250, and the 
proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(6)(ii) increases the electronic filing fee, per 
class, from $100 to $150.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(7) to read ``Filing 
affidavit under section 71 during grace period'' and to add Sec.  
7.6(a)(7)(i) and (ii) to set out the surcharge for filing an affidavit 
under section 71 of the Act during the grace period on paper and 
through TEAS, respectively. The proposed Sec.  7.6(a)(7)(i) increases 
the surcharge, per class, for filing an affidavit during the grace 
period on paper from $100 to $200.
    The USPTO proposes to revise Sec.  7.6(a)(8) to read ``Correcting 
deficiency in section 71 affidavit'' and to add Sec. Sec.  7.6(a)(8)(i) 
and (ii) to set out the fees for correcting a deficiency in a section 
71 affidavit on paper and through TEAS, respectively. The proposed 
Sec.  7.6(a)(8)(i) increases the fee for filing the correction on paper 
from $100 to $200.

Rulemaking Requirements

America Invents Act

    This rulemaking proposes to set and adjust fees under section 10(a) 
of the AIA. Section 10(a) of the AIA authorizes the Director to set or 
adjust by rule any trademark fee established, authorized, or charged 
under the Trademark Act for any services performed by, or materials 
furnished by the Office. See section 10 of the AIA, Public Law 112-29, 
125 Stat. 284, 316-17. Section 10(e) of the AIA sets forth the general 
requirements for rulemakings that set or adjust fees under this 
authority. In particular, section 10(e)(1) requires the Director to 
publish in the Federal Register any proposed fee change under section 
10, and include in such publication the specific rationale and purpose 
for the proposal, including the possible expectations or benefits 
resulting from the proposed change. For such rulemakings, the AIA 
requires that the Office provide a public comment period of not less 
than 45 days.
    The TPAC advises the Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual 
Property and Director of the USPTO on the management, policies, goals, 
performance, budget, and user fees of Trademark operations. When 
adopting fees under section 10, the AIA requires the Director to 
provide the TPAC with the proposed fees at least 45 days prior to 
publishing the proposed fees in the Federal Register. The TPAC then has 
at least 30 days within which to deliberate, consider, and comment on 
the proposal, as well as hold public hearing(s) on the proposed fees. 
The TPAC must make a written report available to the public of the 
comments, advice, and recommendations of the committee regarding the 
proposed fees before the Office issues any final fees. The Office will 
consider and analyze any comments, advice, or recommendations received 
from the TPAC before finally setting or adjusting fees.
    Consistent with the requirements of the AIA, on October 14, 2015, 
the Director notified the TPAC of the Office's intent to set or adjust 
trademark fees and submitted a preliminary trademark fee proposal with 
supporting materials. The preliminary trademark fee proposal and 
associated materials are available at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The revenue 
estimate for the fee proposal considered by the TPAC was included in 
the USPTO FY 2017 President's Budget request. The fee schedule 
associated with the original proposal is presented as Alternative 4--
Original Proposal to TPAC.
    The TPAC held a public hearing in Alexandria, Virginia on November 
3, 2015. Transcripts of this hearing and comments submitted to the TPAC 
in writing are available for review at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The TPAC released 
its report regarding the preliminary proposed fees on November 30, 
2015. The report can be found online at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.

Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis

    The USPTO publishes this Initial Regulatory Flexibility Analysis 
(IRFA) as required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) (5 U.S.C. 
601 et seq.) to examine the impact of the Office's proposed changes to 
trademark fees on small entities and to seek the public's views. Under 
the RFA, whenever an agency is required by 5 U.S.C. 553 (or any other 
law) to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking (NPRM), the agency must 
prepare and make available

[[Page 33628]]

for public comment an IRFA, unless the agency certifies under 5 U.S.C. 
605(b) that the proposed rule, if implemented, will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
5 U.S.C. 603, 605.
    Items 1-5 below discuss the five items specified in 5 U.S.C. 
603(b)(1) through (5) to be addressed in an IRFA. Item 6 below 
discusses alternatives to this proposal that the Office considered.
    1. Description of the reasons that action by the USPTO is being 
considered:
    The USPTO proposes setting and adjusting certain trademark fees as 
authorized by section 10 of the AIA. The fee schedule proposed under 
section 10 in this rulemaking will recover the aggregate estimated 
trademark costs of the Office while achieving strategic and operational 
goals, such as maintaining an operating reserve, implementing measures 
to maintain trademark pendency and high trademark quality, modernizing 
the trademark IT systems, continuing programs for stakeholder and 
public outreach, and enhancing operations of the TTAB. Aggregate costs 
are estimated through the USPTO budget-formulation process with the 
annual preparation of a five-year performance-based budget request. 
Revenues are estimated based on the projected demand for trademark 
products and services and fee rates.
    2. Succinct statement of the objectives of, and legal basis for, 
the proposed rule:
    The policy objectives of the proposed rules are to: (1) Better 
align fees with full costs; (2) protect the integrity of the register; 
and (3) promote the efficiency of the trademark process. As to the 
legal basis for the proposed rules, Section 10 of the AIA provides the 
authority for the Director to set or adjust by rule any fee 
established, authorized, or charged under the Trademark Act of 1946, 15 
U.S.C. 1051 et seq., as amended. See also section 31 of the Trademark 
Act, 15 U.S.C. 1113.
    3. Description of and, where feasible, estimate of the number of 
affected small entities:
    The USPTO does not collect or maintain statistics in trademark 
cases on small- versus large-entity applicants, and this information 
would be required in order to determine the number of small entities 
that would be affected by the proposed rules. The USPTO believes that 
the overall impact of the proposed fee structure on applicants and 
registrants will be positive, because it promotes the more cost-
effective electronic filing system. There will be little or no impact 
for the majority of applicants and registrants that file electronically 
and communicate on a timely basis.
    The proposed rules could apply to any entity filing with USPTO. The 
USPTO estimates that during the first fiscal year under the rules as 
proposed, assuming an expected implementation date of January 2017, the 
USPTO would expect to collect approximately $18.4 million more in 
trademark processing, service, and TTAB fees. The USPTO would receive 
an additional $0.7 million in fees from paper-filed applications and 
$17.7 million more from electronically filed applications, including $3 
million from TEAS applications for the registration of a mark, $3.2 
million from requests for extension of protection and subsequent 
designations, $0.3 million for additional fees for applications failing 
to meet the TEAS Plus or TEAS RF requirements, and $7.8 million for 
affidavits of use under sections 8 and 71. TTAB fees would increase by 
$3.6 million, of which $2.1 million is expected from the newly 
established fees for filing extensions of time to file an opposition 
after the initial request.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Estimated       Estimated
                                                                    collections     collections
                     Trademark fee category                        with current    with proposed      Change
                                                                       fees            fees
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total Trademark Fees............................................    $307,468,600    $325,869,200     $18,400,600
Paper-Filed Applications........................................       1,752,750       2,467,350         714,600
Electronically Filed Applications...............................     294,063,575     311,739,100      17,675,500
TEAS Applications for the Registration of a Mark................      17,787,900      20,763,600       2,975,700
Request for Extension of Protection and Subsequent Designations.      19,384,950      22,567,950       3,183,000
Failing to Meet the TEAS Plus or TEAS RF Requirements...........         320,800         663,200         342,400
Affidavit under Sec.   8 and Sec.   71 of the Act...............      21,654,300      29,456,400       7,802,100
TTAB Fees.......................................................       4,742,000       8,310,700       3,568,700
New TTAB Fees...................................................               0       2,142,300       2,142,300
Trademark Service Fees..........................................      11,652,240      11,663,440          11,200
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    4. Description of the reporting, recordkeeping, and other 
compliance requirements of the proposed rule, including an estimate of 
the classes of small entities which will be subject to the requirement 
and the type of professional skills necessary for preparation of the 
report or record:
    The proposed rule imposes no new reporting or recordkeeping 
requirements.
    The proposed rule sets and adjusts trademark fees. The USPTO does 
not anticipate that the proposed rule would have a disproportionate 
impact upon any particular class of small or large entities.
    5. Description of any significant alternatives to the proposed rule 
which accomplish the stated objectives of applicable statutes and which 
minimize any significant economic impact of the rule on small entities:
    The USPTO considered a total of five alternatives for setting fee 
rates before recommending this proposal. A full list of current and 
proposed fees for each of the alternatives is available in the IRFA 
Tables and the Trademark Fee Aggregate Revenue Tables at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The alternatives are explained here with additional 
information regarding how each proposal was developed and the aggregate 
revenue was estimated. A description of the Aggregate Revenue 
Estimating Methodologies is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    The USPTO chose the alternative proposed herein because it will 
enable the Office to achieve its goals effectively and efficiently 
without unduly burdening small entities, erecting barriers to entry, or 
stifling incentives to innovate. The alternative proposed here secures 
the Office's required revenue to meet its aggregate costs, while 
meeting the strategic goals of better aligning fees with full costs, 
protecting the integrity of the register, and promoting the efficiency 
of the trademark process. The increased efficiencies realized through 
the proposed rule will benefit all applicants and registrants by 
allowing

[[Page 33629]]

registrations to be granted sooner and more efficiently removing unused 
marks from the register, thus allowing mark owners to more quickly and 
assuredly register their marks. All trademark applicants should benefit 
from the reduced pendency that will be realized under the proposed 
alternative. The proposed fee schedule for this alternative (labeled 
NPRM Proposal) is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    One alternative to setting and increasing the proposed fees would 
be to take no action at this time regarding trademark fees and to leave 
all trademark fees as currently set. This alternative was rejected 
because, due to rising personnel and IT costs, the Office has 
determined that a fee increase is needed to accomplish the stated 
objective of better aligning fees with the full cost of products and 
services. In addition, increasing the trademark fees will assist in 
protecting the integrity of the register by incentivizing more timely 
filing of applications and other filings and more efficient resolution 
of appeals and trials and will promote the efficiency of the process 
by, in part, increasing the affordability of electronic filing options 
relative to paper filings. The proposed fee schedule for this 
alternative (labeled Alternative 1--No Change) is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    Another alternative to setting and increasing the proposed fees 
that was considered was to tie all trademark fees to the Consumer Price 
Index (CPI), applying a 9.956%, multi-year, across-the-board 
inflationary increase to all trademark fees. The 9.956% represents the 
estimated cumulative inflationary adjustment from FY 2017 through FY 
2021. As estimated by the Congressional Budget Office, projected 
inflationary rates by fiscal year are: 2.17% in FY 2017, 2.39% in FY 
2018, 2.38% in FY 2019, 2.42% in FY 2020, and 2.42% in FY 2021. This 
alternative was rejected because, unlike the proposed fee structure, 
there would be no improvements in fee design to accomplish the stated 
objectives of protecting the integrity of the register by incentivizing 
more timely filing of applications and other filings and more efficient 
resolution of appeals and trials. In addition, it was determined that 
adjusting trademark fees in accordance with increases or decreases in 
the CPI would likely lead to user confusion as fees would be adjusted 
by what could be viewed as non-traditional or unpredictable increments. 
The proposed fee schedule for this alternative (labeled Alternative 2--
CPI Increase) is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    Another alternative that was considered was full cost recovery per 
fee. This would require USPTO to set each trademark fee at 100% of unit 
cost to allow the USPTO to recover full cost per fee based on the most 
recent fee unit cost trends. The USPTO uses Activity Based Information 
to determine the historical costs of activities related to each fee. 
Additional information about the methodology is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    It is common practice in the Federal Government to set a particular 
fee at a level to recover the cost of a given good or service. In OMB 
Circular A-25: User Charges, the OMB states that user charges (fees) 
should be sufficient to recover the full cost to the Federal Government 
of providing the particular service, resource, or good, when the 
government is acting in its capacity as sovereign. This alternative was 
rejected because it was determined that the costs for any given product 
or service can vary from year to year, such that a yearly review of 
all, and adjustment to many, trademark fees would be required, and 
could also lead to consumer confusion regarding what any given 
trademark fee was currently set at and what the relevant fee would be 
in the future. This alternative would have increased revenue by more 
than the current proposal in part because workloads are expected to 
increase. In addition, it was determined that setting the trademark 
fees to recover 100% of all costs associated with each product or 
service would not properly promote the efficiency of the process. The 
proposed fee schedule for this alternative (labeled Alternative 3--
Individual Cost Recovery) is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    For purposes of this discussion, the preliminary trademark fee 
proposal presented to the TPAC is identified as alternative 4 in the 
Trademark Fee Aggregate Revenue Tables available at http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting. The revenue estimate for the preliminary proposal considered 
by the TPAC was included in the USPTO FY 2017 President's Budget 
request. That proposal, as previously addressed in this notice, has 
been modified based on the feedback from the TPAC report received 
November 30, 2015 and feedback received from public comments. The 
preliminary proposal included an increase in the fee to file a request 
for an extenstion of time to file a statement of use that would apply 
only to U.S.-based applicants that filed an application based on a 
future intention to use the mark. The current proposal no longer 
includes an increase to that fee unless it is filed on paper, 
consistent with the increase in all paper-filed requests. Instead, the 
current proposal includes an increase in the fee for filing an 
affidavit under section 8 and 71 that would apply to the continued 
maintenance of a registration. The current proposal also increases the 
fee for filing a TEAS application. The proposed fee schedule for this 
alternative (labeled Alternative 4--Original Proposal to TPAC (FY 17 
PB)) is available at: http://www.uspto.gov/about-us/performance-and-planning/fee-setting-and-adjusting.
    6. Identification, to the extent practicable, of all relevant 
Federal rules which may duplicate, overlap, or conflict with the 
proposed rule:
    The proposed rules would not duplicate, overlap, or conflict with 
any other Federal rules.
    Executive Order 12866 (Regulatory Planning and Review): This 
proposed rule has been determined to be significant for purposes of 
Executive Order 12866 (Sept. 30, 1993).
    Executive Order 13563 (Improving Regulation and Regulatory Review): 
The USPTO has complied with Executive Order 13563 (Jan. 18, 2011). 
Specifically, the USPTO has, to the extent feasible and applicable: (1) 
Made a reasoned determination that the benefits justify the costs of 
the rule; (2) tailored the rule to impose the least burden on society 
consistent with obtaining the regulatory objectives; (3) selected a 
regulatory approach that maximizes net benefits; (4) specified 
performance objectives; (5) identified and assessed available 
alternatives; (6) provided the public with a meaningful opportunity to 
participate in the regulatory process, including soliciting the views 
of those likely affected prior to issuing a notice of proposed 
rulemaking, and provided online access to the rulemaking docket; (7) 
attempted to promote coordination, simplification, and harmonization 
across government agencies and identified goals designed to promote 
innovation; (8) considered approaches that reduce burdens and maintain 
flexibility and freedom of choice for the public; and (9) ensured the 
objectivity of scientific and technological information and processes, 
to the extent applicable.
    Executive Order 13132 (Federalism): This proposed rule does not 
contain policies with federalism implications sufficient to warrant 
preparation of a

[[Page 33630]]

Federalism Assessment under Executive Order 13132 (Aug. 4, 1999).
    Congressional Review Act: Under the Congressional Review Act 
provisions of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 
1996 (5 U.S.C. 801 et seq.), prior to issuing any final rule, the USPTO 
will submit a report containing the final rule and other required 
information to the United States Senate, the United States House of 
Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the Government 
Accountability Office. The changes in this notice are not expected to 
result in an annual effect on the economy of 100 million dollars or 
more, a major increase in costs or prices, or significant adverse 
effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, 
innovation, or the ability of United States-based enterprises to 
compete with foreign-based enterprises in domestic and export markets. 
Therefore, this action is not expected to result in a ``major rule'' as 
defined in 5 U.S.C. 804(2).
    Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995: The changes set forth in this 
rulemaking do not involve a Federal intergovernmental mandate that will 
result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments, in 
the aggregate, of 100 million dollars (as adjusted) or more in any one 
year, or a Federal private sector mandate that will result in the 
expenditure by the private sector of 100 million dollars (as adjusted) 
or more in any one year, and will not significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. Therefore, no actions are necessary under the 
provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995. See 2 U.S.C. 
1501 et seq.
    Paperwork Reduction Act: This proposed rule involves information 
collection requirements that are subject to review by the Office of 
Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 
(44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). The collection of information involved in 
this rule has been reviewed and previously approved by OMB under 
control numbers 0651-0009, 0651-0040, 0651-0050, 0651-0051, 0651-0054, 
and 0651-0055.
    You may send comments regarding the collection of information 
associated with this rule, including suggestions for reducing the 
burden, to the Commissioner for Trademarks, by mail to P.O. Box 1451, 
Alexandria, VA 22313-1451, attention Catherine Cain; by hand delivery 
to the Trademark Assistance Center, Concourse Level, James Madison 
Building-East Wing, 600 Dulany Street, Alexandria, VA 22314, attention 
Catherine Cain; or by electronic mail message via the Federal 
eRulemaking Portal. All comments submitted directly to the USPTO or 
provided on the Federal eRulemaking Portal should include the docket 
number (PTO-T-2016-0005).
    Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person is required 
to respond to nor shall a person be subject to a penalty for failure to 
comply with a collection of information subject to the requirements of 
the Paperwork Reduction Act unless that collection of information 
displays a currently valid OMB control number.

List of Subjects

37 CFR Part 2

    Administrative practice and procedure, Trademarks.

37 CFR Part 7

    Administrative practice and procedure, International registration, 
Trademarks.

    For the reasons stated in the preamble and under the authority 
contained in section 10(a) of the AIA, 15 U.S.C. 1113, 15 U.S.C. 1123, 
and 35 U.S.C. 2, as amended, the USPTO proposes to amend parts 2 and 7 
of title 37 as follows:

PART 2--RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES

0
1. The authority citation for 37 CFR part 2 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 1113, 15 U.S.C. 1123, 35 U.S.C. 2, Section 
10 of Pub. L. 112-29, unless otherwise noted.

0
2. Revise Sec.  2.6 to read as follows:


Sec.  2.6  Trademark fees.

    (a) Trademark process fees.
    (1) Application filing fees.
    (i) For filing an application on paper, per class--$600.00
    (ii) For filing an application through TEAS, per class--$400.00
    (iii) For filing a TEAS Reduced Fee (RF) application through TEAS 
under Sec.  2.23, per class--$275.00
    (iv) For filing a TEAS Plus application through TEAS under Sec.  
2.22, per class--$225.00
    (v) Additional processing fee under Sec.  2.22(c) or 2.23(c), per 
class--$125.00
    (2) Amendment to allege use.
    (i) For filing an amendment to allege use under section 1(c) of the 
Act on paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) For filing an amendment to allege use under section 1(c) of 
the Act through TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (3) Statement of use.
    (i) For filing a statement of use under section 1(d)(1) of the Act 
on paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) For filing a statement of use under section 1(d)(1) of the Act 
through TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (4) Extension of time for filing statement of use.
    (i) For filing a request under section 1(d)(2) of the Act for a 
six-month extension of time for filing a statement of use under section 
1(d)(1) of the Act on paper, per class--$250.00
    (ii) For filing a request under section 1(d)(2) of the Act for a 
six-month extension of time for filing a statement of use under section 
1(d)(1) of the Act through TEAS, per class--$150.00
    (5) Application for renewal of a registration fees.
    (i) For filing an application for renewal of a registration on 
paper, per class--$500.00
    (ii) For filing an application for renewal of a registration 
through TEAS, per class--$300.00
    (6) Renewal during grace period.
    (i) Additional fee for filing a renewal application during the 
grace period on paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) Additional fee for filing a renewal application during the 
grace period through TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (7) Publishing mark under section 12(c) of the Act.
    (i) For filing to publish a mark under section 12(c) of the Act on 
paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) For filing to publish a mark under section 12(c) of the Act 
through TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (8) New certificate of registration.
    (i) For issuing a new certificate of registration upon request of 
registrant, request filed on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For issuing a new certificate of registration upon request of 
registrant, request filed through TEAS--$100.00
    (9) Certificate of correction of registrant's error.
    (i) For a certificate of correction of registrant's error, request 
filed on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For a certificate of correction of registrant's error, request 
filed through TEAS--$100.00
    (10) Disclaimer to a registration.
    (i) For filing a disclaimer to a registration, on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For filing a disclaimer to a registration, through TEAS or 
ESTTA--$100.00
    (11) Amendment of registration.
    (i) For filing an amendment to a registration, on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For filing an amendment to a registration, through TEAS or 
ESTTA--$100.00
    (12) Affidavit under section 8 of the Act.
    (i) For filing an affidavit under section 8 of the Act on paper, 
per class--$250.00

[[Page 33631]]

    (ii) For filing an affidavit under section 8 of the Act through 
TEAS, per class--$150.00
    (13) Affidavit under section 15 of the Act.
    (i) For filing an affidavit under section 15 of the Act on paper, 
per class--$300.00
    (ii) For filing an affidavit under section 15 of the Act through 
TEAS, per class--$200.00
    (14) Filing section 8 affidavit during grace period.
    (i) Additional fee for filing a section 8 affidavit during the 
grace period on paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) Additional fee for filing a section 8 affidavit during the 
grace period through TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (15) Petitions to the Director.
    (i) For petitions to the Director filed on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For petitions to the Director filed through TEAS--$100.00
    (16) Petition to cancel.
    (i) For filing a petition to cancel on paper, per class--$500.00
    (ii) For filing a petition to cancel through ESTTA, per class--
$400.00
    (17) Notice of opposition.
    (i) For filing a notice of opposition on paper, per class--$500.00
    (ii) For filing a notice of opposition through ESTTA, per class--
$400.00
    (18) Ex parte appeal.
    (i) For ex parte appeal to the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board 
filed on paper, per class--$300.00
    (ii) For ex parte appeal to the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board 
filed through ESTTA, per class--$200.00
    (19) Dividing an application.
    (i) Request to divide an application filed on paper, per new 
application created--$200.00
    (ii) Request to divide an application filed through TEAS, per new 
application created--$100.00
    (20) Correcting deficiency in section 8 affidavit.
    (i) For correcting a deficiency in a section 8 affidavit via paper 
filing--$200.00
    (ii) For correcting a deficiency in a section 8 affidavit via TEAS 
filing--$100.00
    (21) Correcting deficiency in renewal application.
    (i) For correcting a deficiency in a renewal application via paper 
filing--$200.00
    (ii) For correcting a deficiency in a renewal application via TEAS 
filing--$100.00
    (22) Extension of time for filing notice of opposition under Sec.  
2.102(c)(1)(ii) or (c)(2).
    (i) For filing a request for an extension of time to file a notice 
of opposition under Sec.  2.102(c)(1)(ii) or (c)(2) on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For filing a request for an extension of time to file a notice 
of opposition under Sec.  2.102(c)(1)(ii) or (c)(2) through ESTTA--
$100.00
    (23) Extension of time for filing notice of opposition under Sec.  
2.102(c)(3).
    (i) For filing a request for an extension of time to file a notice 
of opposition under Sec.  2.102(c)(3) on paper--$300.00
    (ii) For filing a request for an extension of time to file a notice 
of opposition under Sec.  2.102(c)(3) through ESTTA--$200.00
    (b) Trademark service fees.
    (1) For printed copy of registered mark, copy only. Service 
includes preparation of copies by the Office within two to three 
business days and delivery by United States Postal Service; and 
preparation of copies by the Office within one business day of receipt 
and delivery to an Office Box or by electronic means (e.g., facsimile, 
electronic mail)--$3.00
    (2) Certified or uncertified copy of trademark application as filed 
processed within seven calendar days--$15.00
    (3) Certified or uncertified copy of a trademark-related official 
record--$50.00
    (4) Certified copy of a registered mark, showing title and/or 
status:
    (i) Regular service--$15.00
    (ii) Expedited local service--$30.00
    (5) Certified or uncertified copy of trademark records, per 
document except as otherwise provided in this section--$25.00
    (6) For recording each trademark assignment, agreement or other 
document relating to the property in a registration or application
    (i) First property in a document--$40.00
    (ii) For each additional property in the same document--$25.00
    (7) For assignment records, abstract of title and certification, 
per registration--$25.00
    (8) Marginal cost, paid in advance, for each hour of terminal 
session time, including print time, using X-Search capabilities, 
prorated for the actual time used. The Director may waive the payment 
by an individual for access to X-Search upon a showing of need or 
hardship, and if such waiver is in the public interest--$40.00
    (9) Additional Fee for Overnight Delivery--$40.00
    (10) Additional Fee for Expedited Service--$160.00
    (11) For processing each payment refused (including a check 
returned ``unpaid'') or charged back by a financial institution--$50.00
    (12) Deposit account service charge for each month when the balance 
at the end of the month is below $1,000--$25.00
0
3. Amend Sec.  2.200 by revising paragraph (b) to read as follows:


Sec.  2.200  Assignment records open to public inspection.

* * * * *
    (b) An order for a copy of an assignment or other document should 
identify the reel and frame number where the assignment or document is 
recorded.
0
4. Amend Sec.  2.208 by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows:


Sec.  2.208  Deposit accounts.

    (a) For the convenience of attorneys, and the general public in 
paying any fees due, in ordering copies of records, or services offered 
by the Office, deposit accounts may be established in the Office. A 
minimum deposit of $1,000 is required for paying any fees due or in 
ordering any services offered by the Office. The Office will issue a 
deposit account statement at the end of each month. A remittance must 
be made promptly upon receipt of the statement to cover the value of 
items or services charged to the account and thus restore the account 
to its established normal deposit. An amount sufficient to cover all 
fees, copies, or services requested must always be on deposit. Charges 
to accounts with insufficient funds will not be accepted. A service 
charge (Sec.  2.6(b)(12)) will be assessed for each month that the 
balance at the end of the month is below $1,000.
* * * * *

PART 7--RULES OF PRACTICE IN FILINGS PURSUANT TO THE PROTOCOL 
RELATING TO THE MADRID AGREEMENT CONCERNING THE INTERNATIONAL 
REGISTRATION OF MARKS

0
5. The authority citation for 37 CFR part 7 continues to read as 
follows:

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 1123, 35 U.S.C. 2, unless otherwise noted.

0
6. Revise Sec.  7.6 to read as follows:

Sec.  7.6  Schedule of U.S. process fees.

    (a) The Office requires the following process fees:
    (1) Certification of international application based on single 
application or registration.
    (i) For certifying an international application based on a single 
basic application or registration, filed on paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) For certifying an international application based on a single 
basic application or registration, filed through TEAS, per class--
$100.00

[[Page 33632]]

    (2) Certification of international application based on more than 
one application or registration.
    (i) For certifying an international application based on more than 
one basic application or registration filed on paper, per class--
$250.00
    (ii) For certifying an international application based on more than 
one basic application or registration filed through TEAS, per class--
$150.00
    (3) Transmission of subsequent designation.
    (i) For transmitting a subsequent designation under Sec.  7.21, 
filed on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For transmitting a subsequent designation under Sec.  7.21, 
filed through TEAS--$100.00
    (4) Transmission of request to record an assignment or restriction.
    (i) For transmitting a request to record an assignment or 
restriction, or release of a restriction, under Sec.  7.23 or Sec.  
7.24 filed on paper--$200.00
    (ii) For transmitting a request to record an assignment or 
restriction, or release of a restriction, under Sec.  7.23 or Sec.  
7.24 filed through TEAS--$100.00
    (5) Notice of replacement.
    (i) For filing a notice of replacement under Sec.  7.28 on paper, 
per class--$200.00
    (ii) For filing a notice of replacement under Sec.  7.28 through 
TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (6) Affidavit under section 71 of the Act.
    (i) For filing an affidavit under section 71 of the Act on paper, 
per class--$250.00
    (ii) For filing an affidavit under section 71 of the Act through 
TEAS, per class--$150.00
    (7) Filing affidavit under section 71 of the Act during grace 
period.
    (i) Surcharge for filing an affidavit under section 71 of the Act 
during the grace period on paper, per class--$200.00
    (ii) Surcharge for filing an affidavit under section 71 of the Act 
during the grace period through TEAS, per class--$100.00
    (8) Correcting deficiency in section 71 affidavit.
    (i) For correcting a deficiency in a section 71 affidavit filed on 
paper--$200.00
    (ii) For correcting a deficiency in a section 71 affidavit filed 
through TEAS--$100.00
    (b) The fees required in paragraph (a) of this section must be paid 
in U.S. dollars at the time of submission of the requested action. See 
Sec.  2.207 of this chapter for acceptable forms of payment and Sec.  
2.208 of this chapter for payments using a deposit account established 
in the Office.

    Dated: May 23, 2016.
Michelle K. Lee,
Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of 
the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
[FR Doc. 2016-12571 Filed 5-26-16; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-16-P