[Federal Register Volume 81, Number 36 (Wednesday, February 24, 2016)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 9251-9325]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2016-03409]



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Vol. 81

Wednesday,

No. 36

February 24, 2016

Part II





Department of Commerce





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 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration





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50 CFR Parts 223 and 226





 Endangered and Threatened Species; Designation of Critical Habitat for 
Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon and Puget Sound Steelhead; Final Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 81 , No. 36 / Wednesday, February 24, 2016 / 
Rules and Regulations

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DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

50 CFR Parts 223 and 226

[Docket No. 110726419-6003-02]
RIN 0648-BB30


Endangered and Threatened Species; Designation of Critical 
Habitat for Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon and Puget Sound Steelhead

AGENCY: National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce.

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: We, the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), issue a 
final rule to designate critical habitat for lower Columbia River coho 
salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) and Puget Sound steelhead (O. mykiss) 
pursuant to the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The specific areas 
designated for lower Columbia River coho include approximately 2,300 mi 
(3,701 km) of freshwater and estuarine habitat in Oregon and 
Washington. The specific areas designated for Puget Sound steelhead 
include approximately 2,031 mi (3,269 km) of freshwater and estuarine 
habitat in Puget Sound, WA. In developing this final rule we considered 
public and peer review comments, as well as economic and other relevant 
impacts. We are excluding a number of particular areas from designation 
because the benefits of exclusion outweigh the benefits of inclusion, 
and exclusion will not result in the extinction of the species.

DATES: This final rule becomes effective on March 25, 2016.

ADDRESSES: Comments and materials received, as well as supporting 
documentation used in the preparation of this final rule, are available 
for public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at 
the National Marine Fisheries Service, NMFS, Protected Resources 
Division, 1201 NE. Lloyd Blvd., Suite 1100, Portland, OR 97232-1274. 
The final rule, maps, and other materials relating to these 
designations can be found on our Web site at http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/habitat/critical_habitat/critical_habitat_on_the_wc.html.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Steve Stone, NMFS, West Coast Region, 
Protected Resources Division, at the address above or at 503-231-2317; 
or Maggie Miller, NMFS, Office of Protected Resources, Silver Spring, 
MD, 301-427-8403.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

    We are responsible for determining whether species, subspecies, or 
distinct population segments (DPSs) are threatened or endangered and 
which areas of their habitat constitute critical habitat for them under 
the ESA (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.). To be considered for listing under 
the ESA, a group of organisms must constitute a ``species,'' which is 
defined in section 3 to include ``any subspecies of fish or wildlife or 
plants, and any distinct population segment of any species of 
vertebrate fish or wildlife which interbreeds when mature.'' We have 
determined that a group of Pacific salmon populations (including lower 
Columbia River coho) qualifies as a DPS if it is substantially 
reproductively isolated and represents an important component in the 
evolutionary legacy of the biological species (56 FR 58612, November 
20, 1991). A group of Pacific steelhead populations qualifies as a DPS 
if it is markedly separate and significant to its taxon (61 FR 4722, 
February 7, 1996; 71 FR 834, January 5, 2006). In previous rulemakings, 
we determined that lower Columbia River coho (70 FR 37160, June 28, 
2005) and Puget Sound steelhead (72 FR 26722, May 11, 2007) are each 
DPSs that warrant protection as threatened species under the ESA. We 
also determined that critical habitat was not determinable at the time 
of those final listing decisions and announced that we would designate 
critical habitat in separate rulemaking.
    Since the time of listing, the recovery planning process has 
progressed for these two DPSs and additional new information is now 
available to better inform the designation process. In view of these 
developments, we published an advance notice of proposed rulemaking 
(ANPR) on January 10, 2011 (76 FR 1392), to make the public aware of 
the opportunity to provide us with comments and information that may be 
useful in making proposed critical habitat designations for these two 
DPSs. We received several comments and datasets in response to the ANPR 
and these were reviewed and incorporated as appropriate into documents 
and analyses supporting our proposed rule that was published on January 
14, 2013 (78 FR 2726). The specific areas proposed for designation for 
lower Columbia River coho included approximately 2,300 mi (3,701 km) of 
freshwater and estuarine habitat in Oregon and Washington. The specific 
areas proposed for designation for Puget Sound steelhead included 
approximately 2,031 mi (3,268 km) of freshwater and estuarine habitat 
in Puget Sound, WA. We proposed to exclude a number of particular areas 
from designation because the benefits of exclusion outweighed the 
benefits of inclusion and we determined that exclusion would not result 
in the extinction of the DPSs.
    The proposed rule (78 FR 2726, January 14, 2013) provided 
background on the process and rationale we used to identify critical 
habitat for lower Columbia River coho salmon and Puget Sound steelhead, 
including: the species' biology and habitat use, the statutory and 
regulatory aspects of critical habitat designations, and the methods 
and criteria used to identify critical habitat. More details regarding 
life history and habitat requirements of lower Columbia River coho and 
Puget Sound steelhead are found later in this final rule under Species 
Descriptions and Area Assessments, as well as in the proposed rule, 
agency status reviews (NMFS, 2001; NMFS, 2005a; NMFS, 2011), and a 
biological report supporting this rulemaking (NMFS, 2015a).

Summary of Changes From the Proposed Critical Habitat Designation

    After considering public comments received and updating the best 
scientific information available, in this final rule we have made the 
following changes from the proposed rule: (1) Added 74 miles (119 km) 
of occupied habitat to the critical habitat designation for lower 
Columbia River coho; (2) removed 82 miles (132 km) of areas incorrectly 
identified as occupied by lower Columbia River coho in the proposed 
critical habitat designation; (3) added 101 miles (163 km) of occupied 
habitat to the critical habitat designation for Puget Sound steelhead; 
(4) removed 27 miles (43 km) of areas incorrectly identified as 
occupied by Puget Sound steelhead in the proposed critical habitat 
designation; (5) designated critical habitat in 85 miles (137 km) of 
occupied steelhead habitat on the Kitsap Peninsula originally proposed 
for exclusion; and (6) corrected the erroneous reference to the Puget 
Sound subbasin in our regulations. These changes from the proposed rule 
are discussed further below in the response to comments and summarized 
for each specific watershed in the range of the DPSs in Tables 1 and 2.
    We are also adding regulatory text to update the column labeled 
``Critical habitat'' in the table of threatened species in 50 CFR 
223.102(e) to cross-reference this final critical habitat

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designation for the lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound steelhead 
DPSs.

Summary of Comments and Responses

    We requested comments on the proposed rule and associated 
supporting reports to designate critical habitat for lower Columbia 
River coho and Puget Sound steelhead. The draft biological report and 
draft economic analysis were also each reviewed by three peer 
reviewers. We received 22 individual submissions in response to the 
proposed rule. All of the comments received, including those of two 
peer reviewers, expressed either general support for designating 
critical habitat or support for our exclusion of particular areas 
within the larger designated areas. The comments received and our 
responses to them are summarized by topic below.

Occupied Areas

    Comment 1: Several commenters, including fisheries co-managers, 
raised issues about the fish distribution data used to identify 
occupied areas. One commenter believed that we had defined occupied 
areas too narrowly and, as a result, greatly underestimated the current 
and historical extent of species distribution. This and other 
commenters expressed particular concern about the data used to identify 
areas occupied by Puget Sound steelhead, noting that our maps appeared 
to be incomplete and that steelhead would be expected to be more 
widespread than Puget Sound Chinook.
    Response: In determining which occupied areas to consider as 
critical habitat we relied on the statutory definition of critical 
habitat (ESA section 3(5)(A)) and our regulations at 50 CFR 424.12 and 
focused on identifying the specific areas within the geographical area 
occupied by the species, at the time they were listed, on which are 
found those physical or biological features essential to the 
conservation of the species and which may require special management 
considerations or protection. As noted in our proposed rule (78 FR 
2726, January 14, 2013), our mapping of occupied areas includes stream 
reaches where the species has been observed (within the past 20 years, 
but typically more recently) or where it is presumed to occur based on 
the professional judgment of biologists familiar with the watershed and 
the availability of suitable habitat, in particular the location of 
known barriers.
    We relied on the best available information regarding species 
distribution from state, tribal and federal co-managers in Oregon and 
Washington. In response to comments and new datasets (Oregon Department 
of Fish and Wildlife [ODFW], 2015; Washington Department of Fish and 
Wildlife [WDFW], 2015) obtained from these co-managers, we made 
numerous minor edits to the data and maps supporting the critical 
habitat designations for lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead. Edits included both removing and adding stream reaches to 
better reflect the areas that warrant designation as critical habitat. 
For coho we made 107 edits and for steelhead we made 101 edits to 
stream reaches in our Geographic Information System (GIS) dataset. The 
majority of edits involved small stream segments less than 0.7 miles 
(1.1 km) in length. The most substantial edit for coho was to remove 
approximately 69 stream miles (111 km) above Shipherd Falls in the Wind 
River watershed because co-managers provided information leading us to 
agree and conclude that coho did not use this area historically nor 
have they been seen in the past 20 years of stream surveys. For 
steelhead, the most substantial edit was to remove approximately 6 
miles (10 km) in the Upper North Fork Nooksack River watershed where 
co-managers commented that our proposed distribution in Canyon Creek 
extended beyond the upper extent of steelhead presence. Tables 1 and 2 
summarize the edits made for coho and steelhead, respectively, and our 
final biological report (NMFS, 2015a) provides greater details and maps 
depicting these edits. Ultimately, the edits resulted in minor 
refinements to the proposed designation.
    We acknowledge that the areas we considered as meeting the ESA 
definition of ``occupied'' may not include all areas where fish might 
be present, especially in the case of steelhead, which are known to 
penetrate relatively high-gradient stream reaches not commonly used by 
Chinook and other salmon species (WDFW, 2000). In preparing the 
proposed rule and this final rule we reviewed (and made modifications 
based on) the most recent distribution datasets available using a GIS 
that allowed us to discern whether a stream reach was occupied or not. 
In many cases, the available data included numerous `modeled' stream 
reaches that might be occupied by the species based on stream gradient 
and known barriers to anadromous fish. We considered these modeled 
reaches to be occupied if the dataset also had supporting annotation 
indicating that there was a documented field observation that the 
species was present, or that there was an analysis demonstrating why it 
was reasonable to conclude the species was present (professional 
judgment). A substantial number of modeled reaches did not have such 
annotation. Stream surveys and species mapping efforts are ongoing for 
these species. As new information becomes available, we have the 
ability to revise the critical habitat designations in the future, as 
appropriate.
    Comment 2: One commenter asserted that we must identify sufficient 
habitat to provide for the essential life cycle needs of the species 
(foraging, migrating and overwintering areas) and that this may require 
designating habitat that is not occupied for significant portions of 
the year, but is `essential to the conservation' of the species.
    Response: In our critical habitat assessment we did take into 
account the life cycles of lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead, and our descriptions of essential physical and biological 
features reflect the habitat needs of coho and steelhead at various 
life stages. Based on these habitat needs and the best available 
information regarding species distribution, we identified some areas in 
nearly all watersheds which are not continuously ``occupied,'' 
including freshwater-to-seawater connectivity corridors and reaches 
with seasonal, side channel habitats important for overwintering 
juveniles. Additionally, we also proposed for designation as critical 
habitat for Puget Sound steelhead areas in the upper Elwha River that 
were unoccupied at the time of listing but deemed essential for the 
species' conservation (NMFS, 2015a). The areas proposed for 
designation--now informed by public comments--reflect the best 
available information regarding the areas and features qualifying as 
critical habitat for each species.
    Comment 3: Several commenters presented comments and data regarding 
specific locations where they believed that adjustments were warranted 
to our mapping of species' distribution.
    Response: We considered the comments and data and, in addition to 
our responses above, we have summarized the resulting adjustments 
(mostly relatively minor mapping edits) to particular streams/locations 
in the Tables 1 and 2.

Critical Habitat Analytical Review Team (CHART) Report and Watershed 
Ratings

    Comment 4: Several comments addressed the CHART process for rating 
watersheds and how that process impacts whether or not a watershed 
might be included as critical habitat. One peer reviewer commended the

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Puget Sound CHART work and believed that the assessment identified 
uncertainties and distinguished facts from professional judgments. One 
commenter, focusing on Puget Sound steelhead, expressed concern that 
the CHART ratings of watershed conservation values were too reliant on 
our 2005 critical habitat designation for Puget Sound Chinook. A second 
peer reviewer focused on the lower Columbia River coho evolutionarily 
significant unit (ESU) and commented that, for the most part, the draft 
designations rely on extensive, current and robust science to propose 
many important protections that will be critical for protecting and 
recovering threatened populations in this ESU. One commenter noted that 
while the CHART report provided substantial information, the process 
used to translate CHART watershed scores into ratings of watershed 
conservation values was not always clear. This commenter was concerned 
specifically about the low ratings given to the Sammamish and Lake 
Washington watersheds and their resultant exclusion due to economic 
impacts.
    Response: The CHART process supporting these critical habitat 
designations relied on the professional judgement of 16 NMFS biologists 
with considerable species and habitat expertise reviewing the best 
available scientific information. That process, described in detail in 
the CHART report (NMFS, 2015a), involved multiple review phases that 
culminated in assigning conservation value ratings of ``high'', 
``medium'', or ``low'' to each watershed/area. In addition to a phase 
that involved scoring various parameters for each watershed, the CHART 
process for assigning watershed ratings also considered additional 
information about the relationship of each watershed/area to others in 
the range of the DPS, and information about the population occupying 
each watershed/area and that population's relationship to other 
populations in the DPS. The CHART report includes annotation in tables 
under a heading ``Comments/Other Considerations'' for each watershed to 
aid in understanding the resultant ratings.
    The essential physical and biological features used to designate 
critical habitat for lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead are the same as those used for all other west coast salmon 
and steelhead designations completed since our comprehensive review in 
2005 (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005). Given the broad similarities in 
life history and habitat requirements shared by different species of 
salmonids, it is not surprising that many watersheds have similar 
conservation value ratings. However, the CHART report acknowledges that 
such ratings can and do differ due to species-specific differences in 
population structure and habitat utilization. For example, there were a 
number of cases (15 out of 66 watersheds) where watershed ratings for 
Puget Sound steelhead differed from ratings made for the same watershed 
in our 2005 designation for Puget Sound Chinook (70 FR 52630, September 
2, 2005). In the case of lower Columbia River coho, an even higher 
proportion (24 out of 55 watersheds) differed with the watershed 
ratings made in our 2005 designation for lower Columbia River Chinook.
    The CHART report describes the basis for giving three of the four 
watersheds in the Lake Washington subbasin a low conservation value for 
Puget Sound steelhead, namely, significant manmade hydrological changes 
and development have contributed to generally poor quality habitat 
features. Also, it is unclear to what degree steelhead utilized 
tributaries in these three watersheds. In the case of the fourth 
watershed (Cedar River), the CHART expressed similar concerns but also 
noted that this watershed has the best and most extensive habitat 
remaining in the subbasin as well as a substantial resident O. mykiss 
population that may play an important role in steelhead production in 
Central and South Puget Sound. As a result, the Cedar River watershed 
was assigned a medium rating for conservation value and, unlike the 
other low-value watersheds, was not subject to exclusion due to 
economic impacts.
    Comment 5: Shortly after we published the proposed rule, a peer 
reviewer notified us that they had found errors and omissions to 
Appendix B of the Puget Sound steelhead assessment in the CHART report, 
including: An incorrect legend to a map, a missing map, and some 
information missing from a comment field within a table.
    Response: We promptly made the corrections and posted an updated 
version of the CHART report, 3 days after publication of the proposed 
rule, available via the internet on our agency ESA critical habitat 
page. The missing map was also made available to the public at the same 
time via Regulations.gov under the ``Supporting Documents'' for the 
proposed rule.

Areas Upstream of Barriers

    Several comments addressed our assessment of the conservation value 
of areas that were unoccupied at the time the species were listed due 
to dams that have since been removed, specifically Elwha and Glines 
Canyon dams on the Elwha River (in the range of the Puget Sound 
steelhead) and Condit Dam on the White Salmon River (in the range of 
lower Columbia River coho). Another commenter recommended that we 
consider designating areas above Cushman Dam on the Skokomish River as 
critical habitat for Puget Sound steelhead. In contrast, one commenter 
was concerned about designating critical habitat above natural barriers 
that historically blocked access for salmon and steelhead. We address 
comments specific to each area/barrier below.
    Comment 6--Elwha Dams (Elwha River): In our proposed rule, we 
solicited comments and information regarding historical areas upstream 
of the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams, which were removed between 2011 
and 2014 thereby re-establishing access for Puget Sound steelhead and 
other anadromous fish to the upper watershed. We received one comment 
on this solicitation from a peer reviewer (who agreed with our 
assessment) and distribution data from a co-manager identifying 
additional habitat areas in the upper Elwha River that have the 
potential to support steelhead.
    Response: Based on the best available information, we conclude that 
approximately 48 miles of habitat above both dams are essential for the 
conservation of Puget Sound steelhead and have designated those stream 
reaches as critical habitat. In doing so, we have also reviewed the 
data provided by a co-manager and added approximately 2.6 miles (4.2 
km; see Table 2) to areas we proposed in the upper Elwha River. 
Steelhead began re-colonizing the upper Elwha soon after dam removal 
began (e.g., Mapes, 2012) and the areas we are designating as critical 
habitat are consistent with those believed to be historically 
accessible to steelhead (Hard et al., 2015; Myers et al., 2015).
    Comment 7--Condit Dam (White Salmon River): In our proposed rule, 
we solicited comments and information regarding areas upstream of 
Condit Dam (decommissioned in 2011) and whether such areas warrant 
designation as critical habitat for lower Columbia River coho. Several 
commenters presented divergent opinions on the matter. One commenter 
stated that the river downstream of the former Condit Dam is steep and 
contains little suitable spawning gravel, and the river upstream of the 
former Condit Dam lacks the required characteristics of the described 
primary constituent elements (PCEs). This commenter further asserted 
that

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the upper White Salmon River basin is not presently occupied by coho 
and historically contained only a small population of coho given the 
terrain and the lack of PCEs. Another commenter also asserted that PCEs 
for coho were of poor quality in the White Salmon River and that it 
will be decades before the migratory corridor meets the PCE conditions 
of submerged and overhanging large wood, aquatic vegetation, large 
rocks and boulders, side channels, and undercut banks supporting 
juvenile and adult mobility and survival. One commenter noted that most 
of the lower 12 miles (19 km) of the White Salmon River is subject to 
elevated levels of protection under either the Management Plan for the 
Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area or the Lower White Salmon 
National Wild and Scenic River Management Plan. This protection, along 
with other arguments, led the commenter to conclude that critical 
habitat should not be designated in the White Salmon River watershed. 
In contrast, four commenters recommended designating critical habitat 
in the upper portions of the White Salmon River watershed now that 
Condit Dam has been removed. One commenter noted that fish distribution 
modeling by the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife indicates 
that coho could make extensive usage of this watershed. Another 
commenter stated that NMFS should place particular weight on the fact 
that a major reason for the dam's removal was because of the negative 
impact the dam had on native fish. The other two commenters recommended 
designating critical habitat in the upper portions of the watershed but 
did not provide any new information that was not already considered by 
the CHART.
    Response: In our proposed rule, we noted the CHART's assessment 
that access to habitat above the Condit Dam site that was unoccupied at 
the time of listing would likely provide a benefit to lower Columbia 
River coho, but it was unclear whether such habitat is essential for 
conservation of the entire DPS. None of the information received during 
the public comment period changes this conclusion and, therefore, we 
maintain that areas occupied by lower Columbia River coho at the time 
of listing (below the Condit Dam site) warrant designation as critical 
habitat whereas unoccupied areas upstream do not. The 2013 ESA Recovery 
Plan for the White Salmon River (NMFS, 2013) describes the historical 
White Salmon coho population as extinct or nearly so and that the 
preferred approach for species reintroduction is to allow natural 
straying into the river. That plan goes on to recommend monitoring 
natural escapement and production and the possibility for hatchery 
alternatives if population recovery is determined to be too slow. We 
will monitor any new information and consider it, as appropriate, in 
any future revision to this designation.
    Comment 8--Cushman Dam (Skokomish River): Two commenters, including 
a peer reviewer, advocated for the designation of critical habitat in 
the North Fork Skokomish River above the Cushman Dam. Two commenters 
believed that critical habitat in the North Fork of the Skokomish River 
should be extended into the upper basin to include all accessible areas 
above Cushman Dam (including Big Creek). One of these commenters 
asserted that the potential increased steelhead production from the 
upper basin will be essential for recovery of the population.
    Response: Areas above Cushman Dam were inaccessible and unoccupied 
by Puget Sound steelhead at the time of listing. The CHART reviewed 
information about the Skokomish watershed and rated it of high 
conservation value noting extensive PCEs and the largest intact estuary 
in Hood Canal (NMFS, 2015a). In a recent assessment of viability 
criteria for Puget Sound steelhead (Hard et al., 2015) several Team 
members noted that there has been considerable debate as to whether 
winter-run steelhead historically had access beyond the series of falls 
in the lower North Fork Skokomish River below the dam. Also, most of 
the habitat above the dam with high intrinsic potential for steelhead 
remains inundated by Lake Cushman (Hard et al., 2015). As a result of a 
2009 settlement between the Skokomish tribe and Tacoma Public 
Utilities, the latter agreed to install fish passage facilities on the 
North Fork Skokomish River to reestablish access for anadromous fish 
into the upper watershed. In contrast to areas in the upper Elwha 
River, which are now readily accessible to steelhead, steelhead access 
to stream reaches above Cushman Dam will rely on recently developed 
trap and haul methods. In our 2010 ESA biological opinion for the 
Cushman Hydroelectric Project (NMFS, 2010) we noted that allowing 
steelhead access to areas upstream will enhance the species' spatial 
structure and diversity characteristics. We also noted that juvenile 
passage through storage reservoirs like Cushman, which have no 
measurable river current in much of their length, is a developing 
technology. This technology has only recently been implemented (Tacoma 
Power, 2014 and 2015) and it will be some time before we can discern 
the effects on steelhead production in the basin. For these reasons, we 
conclude that it is unclear whether areas above Cushman Dam are 
essential to the conservation of Puget Sound steelhead but we will 
revisit this issue if recovery planning indicates otherwise.
    Comment 9--Waterfalls: One commenter recommended that we exclude 
occupied areas we proposed as critical habitat upstream of three 
waterfalls in the range of Puget Sound steelhead that historically 
prevented steelhead passage but access was made possible via fish 
ladders or trap-and-haul operations. The specific sites are Tumwater 
Falls on the Deschutes River, Granite Falls on the South Fork 
Stillaguamish, and Sunset Falls on the South Fork Skykomish River.
    Response: We disagree with this recommendation. Although these 
areas were blocked historically, the implementation of fish ladders and 
trap and haul operations in the 1950s resulted in Puget Sound steelhead 
occupying the blocked areas at the time we listed the DPS. Although the 
recent Technical Recovery Team (TRT) report (Myers et al., 2015) does 
not identify historical demographically independent populations in 
these blocked areas, the areas were occupied by steelhead at the time 
of listing and contain the essential features. We acknowledge that in 
some of the areas noted by the commenter it is possible that many of 
the steelhead present are not considered to be part of the DPS (e.g., 
non-native Skamania Hatchery steelhead above Granite Falls). However, 
with access to steelhead now established, it is not possible to rule 
out the presence of some ESA-listed fish in these areas and GIS data we 
reviewed identified steelhead in these areas (NMFS, 2015a). We conclude 
that the areas identified in this comment warrant designation as 
critical habitat (but also note that numerous river reaches in these 
areas are excluded due to their overlap with lands covered by Habitat 
Conservation Plans; see Table 2).

Lateral Extent of Critical Habitat

    Comment 10: Several commenters expressed opinions about our 
approach of defining critical habitat as the width of the stream 
channel defined by the ordinary high-water line or bankfull width. 
Those opinions generally consisted of concerns that such an approach 
ignored the importance of adjacent riparian areas and floodplains. For 
example, one peer reviewer stated: ``[m]any of the PCEs identified for 
steelhead depend on watersheds as a

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whole (including, for example, riparian habitat, upslope habitats, 
unoccupied tributaries) and not just the stream reaches that steelhead 
physically occupy. Consequently, it may be difficult or impossible to 
conserve steelhead by limiting critical habitat designation only to the 
wetted stream reaches that they physically use. For example, there is 
an abundance of scientific information supporting that adjacent 
riparian zones are integrally tied to the instream habitats. In my 
mind, this supports the designation of, for example, a riparian zone as 
critical habitat for steelhead. It is unclear whether or how this is 
taken into account by NMFS in the designation of critical habitat if 
the purpose is to truly conserve steelhead.'' Another peer reviewer 
expressed similar concerns and stated that: ``[t]he justification for 
excluding riparian and floodplain areas from critical habitat is 
unsupported by the analysis in the designation'' and noted that many 
approaches have been developed for defining riparian zones of influence 
and that using metrics like ordinary high water or bankfull width comes 
with its own set of ambiguities and difficulties.
    Response: In the section Lateral Extent of Critical Habitat we 
describe our past and current approaches to this issue. We acknowledge 
that the quality of aquatic habitat within stream channels is 
intrinsically related to the adjacent riparian zones and floodplain, 
surrounding wetlands and uplands, and non-fish-bearing streams above 
occupied stream reaches. However, we maintain that it is reasonable to 
assert that: (1) Stream channels designated up to ``ordinary'' high 
water can reasonably be expected to be regularly ``occupied'' as that 
term is defined in the ESA, (2) the high water/bankfull elevation can 
be readily discerned for a variety of stream reaches and stream types 
using recognizable water lines or vegetation boundaries, and (3) there 
is no evidence to suggest that limiting our critical habitat 
designations to ordinary high water or bankfull width has compromised 
the conservation of listed species. Human activities that occur outside 
the stream or designated critical habitat can modify or destroy 
physical and biological features of the stream, and federal agencies 
are well aware of their need to consult with us on such activities even 
if they are located upslope or upstream of stream reaches designated as 
critical habitat.

Marine Areas

    Comment 11: Several commenters expressed concern about the lack of 
marine habitat in our critical habitat designations for these species, 
in particular marine waters of the Salish Sea. Some commenters noted 
that while we had identified prey species, such as forage fish in 
nearshore and offshore areas, among the primary constituent elements of 
critical habitat, we did not propose such areas. One of these 
commenters suggested that we follow the approach used in our 2012 
leatherback sea turtle critical habitat designation (77 FR 4170, 
January 26, 2012) that relied on the prey species PCE to designate over 
40,000 square miles of critical habitat in the Pacific Ocean. Another 
commenter and a peer reviewer asserted that survival in the marine 
waters of Puget Sound is a major bottleneck for Puget Sound steelhead 
and that marine habitat may be one of the key factors limiting 
steelhead production.
    Response: As noted in our proposed rule and in some of the 
comments, we have identified PCEs for salmon and steelhead associated 
with nearshore and offshore marine waters, and acknowledged that some 
may require special management considerations or protection (e.g., 
commercially harvested prey species). However, none of the comments 
provide information that would allow us to identify specific areas for 
either species in the nearshore or offshore marine environments. In the 
case of leatherback critical habitat raised by one commenter, we note 
that it was possible to identify eight specific marine areas based on 
observed densities of a prey PCE (scyphomedusae, i.e. ``jellyfish'') 
and leatherback use. In that rule, we also underscored that the 
specific areas could be assessed based on ``the importance of density 
of prey species as a characteristic of the PCE due to differences in 
dense aggregations of prey species and predicted use by leatherbacks 
for sustained foraging.'' We presently lack comparable information for 
lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound steelhead and commenters have 
not provided any information to address this deficiency. Therefore, 
given the best available information, we cannot identify specific 
marine areas within the geographical area occupied on which are found 
those physical or biological features essential to their conservation 
and which may require special management considerations or protection 
(see sections Geographical Area Occupied by the Species and Specific 
Areas within the Geographical Area and Nearshore Marine Areas of Puget 
Sound).

Activities Affecting Critical Habitat

    Comment 12: One commenter asserted that to comply with the 
requirements of ESA section 4(b)(8) we must describe and evaluate the 
activities that may adversely modify critical habitat, including the 
PCE of prey items in nearshore and offshore habitat. The commenter 
noted that in their review of recent ESA consultations over effects on 
Puget Sound Chinook and Hood Canal summer-run chum on forage fish and 
critical habitat, at least two federal agencies (U.S. Coast Guard and 
U.S. Navy) are not included in the current list of federal agencies.
    Response: Section 4(b)(8) of the ESA states that ``The publication 
in the Federal Register of any proposed or final regulation which is 
necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this Act shall 
include a summary by the Secretary of the data on which such regulation 
is based and shall show the relationship of such data to such 
regulation; and if such regulation designates or revises critical 
habitat, such summary shall, to the maximum extent practicable, also 
include a brief description and evaluation of those activities (whether 
public or private) which, in the opinion of the Secretary, if 
undertaken may adversely modify such habitat, or may be affected by 
such designation.'' In response to this comment, we have updated the 
section Activities That May be Affected by Critical Habitat Designation 
to reflect our recent history of ESA section 7 consultations in the 
range of lower Columbia coho and Puget Sound steelhead (including 
adding the U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Department of Defense to the list 
of federal agencies). Also, the CHART report supporting these 
designations references the report ``An Ecosystem Approach to Salmonid 
Conservation'' by Spence et al. (1996) and describes how that report 
helped the CHART evaluate and summarize--for each watershed--over a 
dozen activities that affect the essential habitat features supporting 
these critical habitat designations. Although forage fish/species 
harvest was evaluated by the CHARTs as a potential habitat-modifying 
activity, it was not identified as a management concern in any of the 
watersheds assessed. It is possible that such harvest may be a 
management consideration in some marine areas; however, we have not 
identified any marine areas as critical habitat in this rulemaking.

Economic Analysis

    Comment 13: One commenter disagreed with our analysis of the

[[Page 9257]]

economic impacts of designating critical habitat in our use of the 
`baseline' approach to its consideration of economic impacts. The 
commenter stated that in attributing essentially all of the regulatory 
burdens and economic costs arising under the ESA to the listing 
decision, we had rejected the law as established in the Tenth Circuit 
(New Mexico Cattle Growers Ass'n v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 248 
F.3d 1277 (10th Cir. 2001) (baseline approach is unlawful) and accepted 
the law as it stands in the Ninth Circuit (Arizona Cattlegrowers' Ass'n 
v. Salazar, 606 F3d 1160, 1172-74 (9th Cir. 2010), cert. denied, 131 S. 
Ct. 1471, 179 L. Ed. 2d 300 (2011) (baseline approach is lawful). The 
commenter asserted that we have no authority to resolve circuit court 
splits involving matters of statutory interpretation and construction, 
and that by using the baseline approach our critical habitat 
designation fails to account for all the economic impacts and is 
contrary to the ESA and congressional intent.
    Response: As described in our proposed rule, in this and recent 
critical habitat designations our economic analysis has focused on 
determining the impacts on land uses and activities from the 
designation of critical habitat that are above and beyond--or 
incremental to--those ``baseline'' impacts due to existing or planned 
conservation efforts being undertaken due to other federal, state, and 
local regulations or guidelines. This approach is consistent with the 
more recent Ninth Circuit court case noted in the comment, and these 
critical habitat designations are located within the areas administered 
by that Circuit. Moreover, it is consistent with our critical habitat 
regulations at 50 CFR 424.19 (78 FR 53058, August 28, 2013).

Indian Lands

    Comment 14: Three commenters expressed their support for Indian 
lands being excluded from critical habitat designation. One tribal 
commenter noted that Indian lands of the Muckleshoot Indian Tribe 
should have been identified for exclusion in the Middle Green River 
watershed (HUC 1711001302) and in the Lower Green River watershed (HUC 
1711001303) (NMFS 2015a).
    Response: We reviewed information regarding the lands of the 
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe and have made the appropriate ministerial 
corrections in this rulemaking (see Table 6).

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs)

    Comment 15: Several commenters submitted comments regarding the 
exclusion of HCPs from designated critical habitat. Three commenters 
agreed with our proposed exclusion of lands subject to HCPs. One of 
these commented that the HCP for the Washington Forest Practices Act 
Forest and Fish Rules should be excluded from critical habitat 
designation to eliminate disincentives created by regulatory burdens of 
critical habitat, and instead rely upon the existing protective 
measures. Two other commenters believed that we had made appropriate 
use of the exclusion process mandated by the ESA and noted that HCPs 
provide effective long-term special management protection for salmon 
and steelhead habitat. Three other commenters disagreed with our 
exclusion of HCPs from critical habitat designation. One commenter 
asserted that we had expressed unjustified concern that designating 
critical habitat will cause private and state landowners to not enter 
into HCPs. They also believed that HCPs have considerably different 
protections and goals than critical habitat designation and that is 
arbitrary for us to argue that the two ESA mechanisms are essentially 
interchangeable. A second commenter opposed any exclusions from 
critical habitat designation of areas that may be covered by other 
management plans or HCPs under the logic that they do not need 
``special management'' as used in section 3(5)(A) (citing Center for 
Biological Diversity v. Norton, 240 F. Supp. 2d 1090, 1099 (D. Az. 
2003)) or using the rationale that the benefits of exclusion outweigh 
the benefits of designation under Section 4(b)(2) (citing Natural Res. 
Def. Council v. Interior, 113 F.3d 1121, 1127 (9th Cir. 1997)). A third 
commenter (the Suquamish Tribe) requested that we re-evaluate our 
exclusion of Puget Sound steelhead habitat on the Kitsap Peninsula 
subject to the Washington Forest Practices HCP. This commenter asserted 
that these HCP lands are difficult to identify, the HCP has had high 
non-compliance rates for riparian harvests, the HCP only addresses a 
limited number of activities, and exclusion would result in less 
protection for non-forestry land uses.
    Response: In our proposed rule, we described our process for 
evaluating the benefits of designation and exclusion for lands covered 
by approved HCPs--including consideration of landowners' views about 
exclusion--and our determination that excluding such lands will not 
result in extinction of lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead. The affected HCPs and landowners (or regulators) in this 
rulemaking are: Washington Department of Natural Resources (as 
landowner in the West of Cascades HCP and as regulator in the 
Washington Forest Practices HCP); Green Diamond Resources Company; West 
Fork Timber Company; City of Kent, Washington; and J.L. Storedahl and 
Sons. In this final rule we have maintained the exclusions of these 
lands, except in the case of the Washington Forest Practices HCP where 
we are not excluding a subset of HCP lands on the Kitsap Peninsula 
(described below). As noted in this final rule and a supporting ESA 
section 4(b)(2) analysis (NMFS 2015c), we conclude that a benefit of 
excluding HCP-covered lands from designation is the furtherance of our 
ongoing relationship with these landowners, which will result in 
improved implementation and improved conservation for the species. In 
addition, exclusion of these lands provides an incentive for other 
landowners to seek HCPs, which also provides a conservation benefit to 
the species. While it may be true, as one commenter asserted, that 
designation of HCP land as critical habitat could discourage landowners 
from entering into HCPs, we did not include that possibility in our 
balancing under Section 4(b)(2). In other words, we did not count 
avoidance of that possibility as a ``benefit of exclusion.''
    Regarding the comments citing court cases relating to ESA sections 
3 and 4, we note that our exclusion of HCP lands was based on the 
provisions of ESA section 4(b)(2)--balancing the benefits of 
designation versus exclusion--and not on a determination under section 
3(5)(A) that such lands do not need ``special management'' and do not 
meet the definition of critical habitat under the ESA. Our 4(b)(2) 
report, made available for public comment, explains the lengthy 
analysis we undertook to evaluate whether to exclude the specific HCP 
lands identified above. That analysis included: Contacting each HCP 
landowner or regulator and soliciting their preferences and concerns; 
rating the conservation value of watersheds that overlap the HCP; 
assessing the types of federal activities in those watersheds that 
would likely undergo section 7 consultation; analyzing the particular 
HCP areas subject to exclusion in a GIS; balancing the benefits of 
designating HCP lands against the benefits of excluding them (while 
ensuring that any exclusions will not result in the extinction of the 
species); reviewing public input on our proposal and modifying our 
approach as necessary; and documenting our rationale and final 
assessment (NMFS 2015c). Section 4(b)(2) of the ESA grants

[[Page 9258]]

the Secretary discretion to exclude any area from critical habitat 
designation if he determines ``the benefits of such exclusion outweigh 
the benefits of specifying such area as part of the critical habitat'' 
and exclusion will not result in extinction of the species. In adopting 
this provision, Congress explained that ``[t]he consideration and 
weight given to any particular impact is completely within the 
Secretary's discretion.'' (H.R. No.95-1625, at 16-17, 1978; see also 
agency regulations at 50 CFR 424.19.) The Secretary's discretion to 
exclude is limited, as he may not exclude areas that ``will result in 
the extinction of the species.'' We have discretion in whether and how 
we balance benefits. Although the statute does not require that any 
area be excluded, consistent with our approach in prior critical 
habitat designations for most salmon and steelhead DPSs, we have 
determined that the benefit of excluding the lands covered by these 
HCPs outweighs the benefit of designating them and have exercised our 
discretion to exclude them from critical habitat designation.
    Based on comments from the Suquamish Tribe, we re-assessed our 
proposed exclusion of stream reaches occupied by Puget Sound steelhead 
on the Kitsap Peninsula that are subject to the Forest Practices HCP. 
Although this extensive HCP includes numerous other watersheds occupied 
by Puget Sound steelhead (and lower Columbia River coho) we focused our 
re-assessment on the Kitsap where we had site-specific concerns, such 
as those raised by the Tribe. As a result of that re-assessment we 
considered the following:
     Information from the Suquamish Tribe noting strong 
concerns about this HCP and about Kitsap steelhead and streams within 
the Tribe's usual and accustomed fishing places, including concerns 
about the difficulty in accurately delineating HCP areas, activities 
not covered by the HCP, conversion of lands out of forestland, and non-
compliance rates for riparian harvests;
     Recently updated GIS data from the Washington Department 
of Natural Resources depicting those lands that are `approved' (have 
authority to operate) or `renewed' (the authority to operate has been 
extended beyond the original expiration date) under the HCP and its 
associated incidental take permit. The data posted and analyzed in 
September 2015 (Washington Department of Natural Resources, 2015) 
indicate that these approved or renewed lands overlap with 
approximately 3 miles (5 km) of Kitsap steelhead streams. While Kitsap 
lands covered by the Forest Practices HCP in the range of Puget Sound 
steelhead encompass approximately 90 miles (145 km) of steelhead 
streams, only a small fraction of those lands are currently enrolled 
and subject to the incidental take permit approved by NMFS for the 
Forest Practices HCP.
     Except for a few streams adjacent to Hood Canal occupied 
by threatened chum salmon, most Kitsap streams are not designated ESA 
critical habitat for other species.
     Information on the future of Washington's forests and 
forest industries prepared by the University of Washington College of 
Forest Resources (2009) projects that high-value forest lands on the 
Kitsap Peninsula are at high risk of being converted from forest use to 
development (conversion), especially in the northern and eastern parts 
of the peninsula. Once converted, such lands would no longer qualify 
for coverage under the HCP.
    Based on our reconsideration, we concluded that the benefits of 
exclusion do not outweigh the benefits of designation for these lands 
covered by the HCP, primarily because there are no overlapping salmonid 
critical habitat designations in these areas and there is a high 
likelihood these areas will be converted (NMFS 2015c), and also because 
exclusion would undermine our ongoing relationship with the Suquamish 
Tribe which is an important conservation partner. We therefore have 
revised our designation to exclude only those Forest Practices HCP 
areas on the Kitsap Peninsula that the Washington Department of Natural 
Resources has classified as being in an approved or renewed enrollment 
status at the time of this final rule.
    Comment 16: One commenter requested that we exclude their private 
lands (SDS Company, Stevenson Land Company and Broughton Lumber 
Company) on the White Salmon River and Little White Salmon River 
because the benefits of their Safe Harbor Agreement outweigh the 
benefits of critical habitat designation for lower Columbia River coho.
    Response: We reviewed the maps submitted by this commenter and 
determined that none of the private lands referenced overlap with areas 
considered for critical habitat designation.

Climate Change

    Comment 17: One commenter believed that we should more thoroughly 
consider and address the uncertainties of future climate effects on 
Puget Sound steelhead habitat, in particular the spatial coverage of 
critical habitat, as well as uncertainties of how steelhead populations 
might utilize habitat in the future. This commenter also noted that the 
Puget Sound TRT is actively developing information on population 
structure and viability for Puget Sound steelhead (e.g., Myers et al., 
2015; Hard et al., 2015) and recommended that our critical habitat 
designation be modified as new information becomes available.
    Response: We agree that climate-related changes are likely to 
affect essential habitat features and the distribution of Puget Sound 
steelhead (and other salmonids). However, our current state of 
knowledge provides only general guidance regarding how such changes 
would influence the specific areas we consider in a critical habitat 
designation. For example, a recent paper by Wade et al. (2015) models 
steelhead vulnerability to climate change and projects that in the west 
Cascade region, particularly Puget Sound, extreme high flows will 
impair conditions for steelhead incubation and migration life stages. 
However, they, in turn, caution that their methods were applied at a 
coarse resolution and that their results should be interpreted 
accordingly. Similarly, a recent report on climate change in Puget 
Sound (Climate Impacts Group, 2015) project that, over the long term, 
increasing peak flows, decreasing summer low flows, and warming stream 
temperatures will negatively affect steelhead and other stream-rearing 
species. That report underscores that cold-water refugia within rivers 
will be critical in helping salmonid populations adapt to future 
climate conditions. Such information would be useful at the scale that 
we analyze critical habitat; however, comprehensive inventories of 
refugia have not been completed and remain an important information gap 
(e.g., National Wildlife Federation, 2009; Raymond et al., 2014). 
Regardless, areas analyzed in our critical habitat designation for 
Puget Sound steelhead included higher elevation habitats that will 
likely continue to be important cold-water sources for steelhead and 
other species in the future.
    In the present critical habitat designations, we have used the best 
available information--including TRT analyses of Puget Sound steelhead 
population structure (Myers et al., 2015) and viability criteria (Hard 
et al., 2015)--to discern areas that are eligible for designation and 
to assess their conservation value. While useful at the scale of 
populations and watersheds, these documents do not provide specific 
guidance on how to account for climate change impacts when designating

[[Page 9259]]

particular stream reaches as critical habitat for steelhead. The 
viability analysis by Hard et al. (2015) is intended to serve as a 
technical framework for subsequent recovery planning (currently 
underway) but cautions that it is not intended to establish targets for 
delisting or recovery of steelhead, nor explicitly identify specific 
populations or groups of populations for recovery priority. The 
analysis does underscore the importance of maintaining steelhead life 
history diversity (e.g., both summer- and winter-run types) and spatial 
distribution in stream reaches across populations, but, again, does not 
provide specific information on areas that warrant designation as 
critical habitat now or in the future. The report does include maps of 
steelhead spawning reaches and analyses of stream reaches with varying 
levels of intrinsic potential (i.e., a measure of habitat suitability) 
for steelhead production. We reviewed these maps and data and found 
that nearly all (99.5 percent) of the stream reaches Hard et al. (2015) 
classified as known spawning or rearing reaches with high intrinsic 
potential were already in the GIS data and maps we analyzed for 
designation as critical habitat. Also, the stream reaches we analyzed 
encompassed all Puget Sound steelhead populations identified by Hard et 
al. (2015) and our assessment of watershed conservation value (as well 
as unoccupied reaches of the upper Elwha River) specifically took into 
account the importance of the less common summer-run steelhead life 
history type (NMFS, 2015a).
    In our 2011 status review update for ESA-listed salmon and 
steelhead in the Pacific Northwest (Ford, 2011), we observed that 
climate change is likely to play an increasingly important role in 
determining the abundance of ESA-listed fish and the conservation value 
of designated critical habitats. We went on to note that some habitats 
currently occupied by salmon and steelhead may become uninhabitable due 
to the cumulative effects of climate change, and species may exhibit 
elevational and latitudinal shifts in distribution (Ford, 2011). 
Changes in the habitat areas and essential features considered in our 
critical habitat designation will likely be driven by factors such as 
higher water temperatures, reduced flows in summer and fall, and 
increased flooding in the winter. For example, increased high flows and 
flooding could impair the essential features related to freshwater 
spawning and rearing sites by reducing suitable overwintering habitat 
as well as scouring redds and reducing egg survival.
    While the overall impacts of climate change on salmon and steelhead 
are expected to be negative, the magnitude of effects is likely to vary 
considerably. For example, Ford (2011) notes that climate-related 
changes will vary across the landscape, and areas with elevations high 
enough to maintain temperatures well below freezing for most of the 
winter and early spring will be less affected, while low-elevation 
areas are likely to be more affected. Similarly, the Lower Columbia 
River Salmon and Steelhead ESA Recovery Plan (NMFS, 2013) acknowledges 
that the magnitude and timing of changes to species' distribution, 
behavior, growth, and survival are poorly understood and specific 
effects are likely to vary among populations and goes on to identify 
various `adaptation strategies' to reduce impacts of climate change. 
With respect to the comment being addressed here, several strategies of 
note from the plan include: (1) Conserving adequate habitat to support 
healthy fish populations and ecosystem functions in a changing climate; 
(2) Developing a methodology to assess and identify, and then protect, 
stream reaches and population strongholds that will be resilient/
resistant to climate change impacts; and (3) Protecting and restoring 
headwater rivers and streams to protect the sources of cool, clean 
water and normative hydrologic conditions.
    We believe that our approach to making critical habitat 
designations for Puget Sound steelhead (as well as lower Columbia River 
coho) is consistent with such strategies. With respect to the first 
strategy, we note that we excluded (based on economic impacts) very few 
occupied stream reaches that met the ESA definition for critical 
habitat. The vast majority of exclusions we made involved areas covered 
by HCPs which are expected to promote recovery through land and water 
management practices that benefit salmonids and encourage voluntary 
conservation agreements on non-federal lands. For the second strategy, 
our analysis of critical habitat employed a methodology involving a 
team of steelhead and habitat experts charged with reviewing and rating 
the conservation value of habitat areas in every watershed supporting 
Puget Sound steelhead (NMFS, 2015a). Most of the watersheds we 
evaluated were assigned a high conservation value by the CHARTs and, in 
light of the third strategy, many of these watersheds (especially along 
the Cascade Range) included headwater stream habitats at higher 
elevations such as those that Ford (2011) suggest will be less affected 
by climate change.
    We will continue to monitor climate change information relevant to 
Puget Sound steelhead as well as guidance from ongoing recovery 
planning for this species. Consistent with this commenter's view, if 
new information suggests that the specific areas we have designated as 
critical habitat warrant reconsideration, or that additional areas 
should be considered for designation, we will do so as appropriate.

Information Quality Act

    Comment 18: One commenter stated that proposed rule and the 
documents supporting it do not meet the requirements of the Information 
Quality Act (IQA). They contend that since two of the documents that 
the critical habitat proposals rely on (the economic analysis and the 
CHART report) were not subject to prior review then the IQA pre-
dissemination review was incomplete. Further, they commented that the 
IQA requires that we disclose our sources of information but allege 
that our documents were missing such sources and citations, in 
particular information regarding freshwater areas occupied by lower 
Columbia River coho.
    Response: In our proposed rule section on ``Information Quality Act 
and Peer Review'' we stated that ``[t]he data and analyses supporting 
this proposed action have undergone a pre-dissemination review and have 
been determined to be in compliance with applicable information quality 
guidelines implementing the Information Quality Act (IQA) (Section 515 
of Pub. L. 106-554).'' That determination is an internal, agency review 
that was made on November 5, 2012, prior to publishing the proposed 
rule. Guidance on making that determination can be found in the NMFS 
``Section 515 Pre-dissemination Review and Documentation Guidelines'' 
located at the NOAA Chief Information Officer Web site (http://www.cio.noaa.gov/services_programs/info_quality.html). Later, in that 
same section of the proposed rule, we noted that the two documents 
cited by the commenter would be distributed for independent peer review 
and that we would address any comments received in developing the final 
drafts of the two reports. We distributed those documents to six peer 
reviewers (two of which provided comments) and have taken into account 
those comments in developing this final rule.
    With respect to our source and citation for information regarding 
lower Columbia River coho, the draft CHART

[[Page 9260]]

report stated that ``. . . we developed extensive information regarding 
the stream reaches occupied by lower Columbia River coho and Puget 
Sound steelhead using data compiled by state and tribal fisheries 
agencies in Oregon and Washington, as the best available information. 
We collected and verified these data and produced distribution maps at 
a scale of 1:24,000 using standard Geographic Information System (GIS) 
software. We accessed these GIS data beginning in 2010, modified them 
based on input from state and tribal fishery biologists, and believe 
that they represent the best available information about areas occupied 
by each species at the time of listing. We also developed latitude-
longitude identifiers for the end-points of each occupied stream 
reach.'' This text should have included reference to the ODFW and WDFW 
GIS datasets that were included in the report's References section and 
cited elsewhere in the CHART report. We have edited that report to 
include the appropriate citations for these datasets and we will make 
those GIS data available via the internet on our agency ESA critical 
habitat page.

Statutory and Regulatory Background for Critical Habitat Designations

    The ESA defines critical habitat under section 3(5)(A) as: ``(i) 
the specific areas within the geographical area occupied by the 
species, at the time it is listed . . . on which are found those 
physical or biological features (I) essential to the conservation of 
the species and (II) which may require special management 
considerations or protection; and (ii) specific areas outside the 
geographical area occupied by the species at the time it is listed . . 
. upon a determination by the Secretary [of Commerce] that such areas 
are essential for the conservation of the species.'' The ESA does not 
specifically define the phrase ``physical or biological features.'' As 
noted in our proposed rule, agency regulations at 50 CFR 424.12(b) 
direct us to focus on these features, as well as the principal 
biological or physical constituent elements that are essential to the 
conservation of the species. In our CHART report (NMFS, 2015a) and 
proposed rule (78 FR 2726, January 14, 2013), we referred to the 
features and sites relevant to this definition as ``PCEs.'' In this 
final rule, we use the terms ``PCEs'' and ``essential features'' 
interchangeably and emphasize that these two terms are equivalent for 
this rulemaking.
    Section 4(a)(3) of the ESA precludes the Secretary from designating 
military lands as critical habitat if those lands are subject to an 
Integrated Natural Resource Management Plan (INRMP) under the Sikes Act 
that the Secretary certifies in writing benefits the listed species. As 
described in the section Military Lands we have identified three areas 
with qualifying INRMPs in the range of Puget Sound steelhead.
    Section 4(b)(2) of the ESA requires us to designate critical 
habitat for threatened and endangered species ``on the basis of the 
best scientific data available and after taking into consideration the 
economic impact, the impact on national security, and any other 
relevant impact, of specifying any particular area as critical 
habitat.'' This section grants the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary) 
discretion to exclude any area from critical habitat if he determines 
``the benefits of such exclusion outweigh the benefits of specifying 
such area as part of the critical habitat.'' In adopting this 
provision, Congress explained that, [t]he consideration and weight 
given to any particular impact is completely within the Secretary's 
discretion.'' H.R. No. 95-1625, at 16-17 (1978). The Secretary's 
discretion to exclude is limited, as he may not exclude areas that 
``will result in the extinction of the species.'' We describe that 
process and the results below in the section Application of ESA Section 
4(b)(2).
    Once critical habitat is designated, section 7 of the ESA requires 
federal agencies to ensure they do not fund, authorize, or carry out 
any actions that will destroy or adversely modify that habitat. This 
requirement is in addition to the section 7 requirement that federal 
agencies ensure their actions do not jeopardize the continued existence 
of listed species. We identify potentially affected federal agencies 
and actions in the section Activities That May Be Affected by Critical 
Habitat Designation.

Methods and Criteria Used To Identify Critical Habitat

    In the following subsections, we describe the relevant definitions 
and requirements in the ESA and our implementing regulations, and the 
key methods and criteria used to prepare this critical habitat 
designation. Discussion of the specific implementation of each item 
occurs within the species-specific sections. In accordance with section 
4(b)(2) of the ESA and our implementing regulations (50 CFR 424.12), 
this final rule is based on the best scientific information available 
concerning the species' present and historical range, habitat, and 
biology, as well as threats to their habitat. In preparing this rule, 
we reviewed and summarized current information on these species, 
including recent biological surveys and reports, peer-reviewed 
literature, NMFS status reviews, comments on our proposed rule, and the 
proposed and final rules to list these species. All of the information 
gathered to create this final rule has been collated and analyzed in 
three supporting documents: A Final Biological Report (NMFS, 2015a); a 
Final Economic Analysis (NMFS, 2015b); and a Final Section 4(b)(2) 
Report (NMFS, 2015c). We used this information to inform the 
identification of specific areas as critical habitat. We followed a 
five-step process in order to identify these specific areas: (1) 
Determine the geographical area occupied by the species at the time of 
listing, (2) identify physical or biological habitat features essential 
to the conservation of the species (i.e., essential features), (3) 
delineate specific areas within the geographical area occupied by the 
species on which are found the essential features, (4) determine 
whether the features in a specific area may require special management 
considerations or protections, and (5) determine whether any unoccupied 
areas are essential for conservation. Our evaluation and conclusions 
are described in detail in the following sections.

Geographical Area Occupied by the Species and Specific Areas Within the 
Geographical Area

    Federal, state, and tribal fishery biologists map salmonid species 
presence and distribution at the level of stream reaches. The mapping 
includes areas where the species is present (within the past 20 years, 
but typically more recently) or where it is presumed to be present 
based on the professional judgment of biologists familiar with the 
watershed and the availability of suitable habitat, in particular the 
location of known barriers. Much of these data can be accessed and 
analyzed using GIS to produce consistent and fine-scale maps. As a 
result, nearly all salmonid freshwater and estuarine habitats in 
Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and California are mapped and available in 
GIS (ODFW, 2010a and 2015; WDFW, 2010 and 2015) at a scale of 1:24,000 
(e.g., one map inch equals 24,000 inches--2,000 feet--in the real 
world), allowing for accurate and refined delineation of the 
``geographical area occupied by the species.'' We originally accessed 
these GIS data beginning in 2010 and modified them based on data 
available in 2015 and on input from federal, state and tribal fishery 
biologists and comments on our proposed rule. We believe these data 
represent the best

[[Page 9261]]

available information about areas occupied by each species at the time 
of listing.
    To identify ``specific areas,'' we used ``HUC5'' watersheds as we 
did in our 2005 salmonid critical habitat designations (70 FR 52630, 
September 2, 2005). HUC5 watershed delineations are created by the U.S. 
Geological Survey and are generally available from various federal 
agencies and via the internet (Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem 
Management Project, 2003; Regional Ecosystem Office, 2004; U.S. 
Department of Interior and U.S. Geological Survey, 2009). We used this 
information to organize critical habitat information systematically and 
at a scale that was relevant to the spatial distribution of salmon and 
steelhead. Organizing information at this scale is especially relevant 
to salmonids, since their innate homing ability allows them to return 
to particular reaches in the specific watersheds where they were born. 
Such site fidelity results in spatial aggregations of salmonid 
populations (and their constituent spawning stocks) that generally 
correspond to the area encompassed by wider HUC4 subbasins or their 
constituent HUC5 watersheds (Washington Department of Fisheries, 
Washington Department of Wildlife and Western Washington Treaty Indian 
Tribes, 1992; Kostow, 1995; McElhany et al., 2000).
    In addition, HUC5 watersheds are consistent with the scale of 
recovery efforts for West Coast salmon and steelhead, and watershed-
level analyses are now common throughout the West Coast. There are 
presently hundreds of watershed councils or groups in the Pacific 
Northwest. Many operate at a geographic scale of one to several HUC5 
watersheds and are integral parts of larger-scale salmon recovery 
strategies. In addition to these efforts, we have developed various ESA 
guidance documents that underscore the link between salmon conservation 
and the recovery of watershed processes (NMFS, 2000; NMFS, 2005b; NMFS, 
2007). Aggregating stream reaches into HUC5 watersheds allowed the 
agency to delineate ``specific areas'' within or outside the 
geographical area occupied by the species at a scale that corresponds 
well to salmonid population structure and ecological processes.
    As in our 2005 critical habitat designations (70 FR 52630, 
September 2, 2005), we identified estuary features essential to 
conservation of these species. For streams and rivers that empty into 
marine areas, we included the associated estuary as part of the HUC5 
``specific area.'' Also, as in our 2005 salmonid designations, we 
identified certain prey species in nearshore and offshore marine waters 
(such as Pacific herring) as essential features, and concluded that 
some may require special management considerations or protection 
because they are commercially harvested. However, prey species move or 
drift great distances throughout marine waters, often in association 
with oceanographic features that also move (such as eddies and 
thermoclines). In our proposed rule, we sought new information to 
better inform this question; however, we did not receive any new 
information that was not already considered. As such, we conclude that 
we cannot identify specific offshore marine areas where the essential 
features may be found (NMFS, 2012).
    We also considered marine areas in Puget Sound for steelhead as 
potential specific areas that may contain features essential to 
conservation of these species, but concluded that the best available 
information suggests there are no areas that meet the statute's 
definition of critical habitat. In our 2005 rule (70 FR 52630, 
September 2, 2005), we designated critical habitat in nearshore areas 
for Puget Sound Chinook and Hood Canal summer-run chum salmon. However, 
steelhead move rapidly out of freshwater and into offshore marine 
areas, unlike Puget Sound Chinook and Hood Canal summer chum, making it 
difficult to identify specific foraging areas where the essential 
features are found. We therefore determined that for Puget Sound 
steelhead it is not possible to identify specific areas with essential 
features in the nearshore zone in Puget Sound.

Physical or Biological Features Essential for Conservation

    Agency regulations at 50 CFR 424.12(b) interpret the statutory 
phrase ``physical or biological features essential to the conservation 
of the species.'' The regulations state that these features include, 
but are not limited to, space for individual and population growth and 
for normal behavior; food, water, air, light, minerals, or other 
nutritional or physiological requirements; cover or shelter; sites for 
breeding, reproduction, and rearing of offspring; and habitats that are 
protected from disturbance or are representative of the historical 
geographical and ecological distribution of a species. The regulations 
further direct us to ``focus on the principal biological or physical 
constituent elements . . . that are essential to the conservation of 
the species, and specify that these elements shall be the `known 
primary constituent elements'.'' The regulations identify primary 
constituent elements as including, but not being limited to: ``roost 
sites, nesting grounds, spawning sites, feeding sites, seasonal wetland 
or dryland, water quality or quantity, host species or plant 
pollinator, geological formation, vegetation type, tide, and specific 
soil types.'' As described earlier, in this final rule we use the terms 
``essential features'' and ``PCEs'' interchangeably to describe the 
physical and biological features essential to the conservation of lower 
Columbia River coho and Puget Sound steelhead.
    For the 2005 critical habitat designations for salmon and steelhead 
(70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005), NMFS biologists developed a list of 
physical and biological features relevant to determining whether 
occupied stream reaches within a watershed meet the ESA section 
(3)(5)(A) definition of ``critical habitat,'' consistent with the 
implementing regulation at 50 CFR 424.12(b). Relying on the biology and 
life history of each species, we determined the physical or biological 
habitat features essential to their conservation. For the present 
rulemaking, we used the same features, which we identified in the 
advance notice of proposed rulemaking (76 FR 1392, January 10, 2011) 
and proposed rule (78 FR 2726, January 14, 2013). These features 
include sites essential to support one or more life stages of the DPS 
(sites for spawning, rearing, migration and foraging). These sites, in 
turn, contain physical or biological features essential to the 
conservation of the DPS (for example, spawning gravels, water quality 
and quantity, side channels, forage species). Specific types of sites 
and the features associated with them include the following:
    1. Freshwater spawning sites with water quantity and quality 
conditions and substrate supporting spawning, incubation and larval 
development.
    2. Freshwater rearing sites with water quantity and floodplain 
connectivity to form and maintain physical habitat conditions and 
support juvenile growth and mobility; water quality and forage 
supporting juvenile development; and natural cover such as shade, 
submerged and overhanging large wood, log jams and beaver dams, aquatic 
vegetation, large rocks and boulders, side channels, and undercut 
banks.
    3. Freshwater migration corridors free of obstruction with water 
quantity and quality conditions and natural cover such as submerged and 
overhanging large wood, aquatic vegetation, large rocks and boulders, 
side channels, and

[[Page 9262]]

undercut banks supporting juvenile and adult mobility and survival.
    4. Estuarine areas free of obstruction with water quality, water 
quantity, and salinity conditions supporting juvenile and adult 
physiological transitions between fresh- and saltwater; natural cover 
such as submerged and overhanging large wood, aquatic vegetation, large 
rocks and boulders, and side channels; and juvenile and adult forage, 
including aquatic invertebrates and fishes, supporting growth and 
maturation.
    5. Nearshore marine areas free of obstruction with water quality 
and quantity conditions and forage, including aquatic invertebrates and 
fishes, supporting growth and maturation; and natural cover such as 
submerged and overhanging large wood, aquatic vegetation, large rocks 
and boulders, and side channels.
    6. Offshore marine areas with water quality conditions and forage, 
including aquatic invertebrates and fishes, supporting growth and 
maturation.
    We re-evaluated these essential features and sites (PCEs) and 
determined that they are all fully applicable to lower Columbia River 
coho and Puget Sound steelhead. The habitat areas designated in this 
rule currently contain essential features within the acceptable range 
of values required to support the biological processes for which the 
species use the habitat (NMFS, 2015a). The contribution of the 
essential features to the habitat varies by site and biological 
function, illustrating that the quality of the elements may vary within 
a range of acceptable conditions.

Special Management Considerations or Protection

    An occupied area cannot be designated as critical habitat unless it 
contains physical and biological features that ``may require special 
management considerations or protection.'' Agency regulations at 50 CFR 
424.02 define ``special management considerations or protection'' to 
mean ``[m]ethods or procedures useful in protecting physical or 
biological features essential to the conservation of listed species.'' 
Many forms of human activity have the potential to affect the habitat 
of listed salmon species: (1) Forestry; (2) grazing; (3) agriculture; 
(4) road building/maintenance; (5) channel modifications/diking; (6) 
urbanization; (7) sand and gravel mining; (8) mineral mining; (9) dams; 
(10) irrigation impoundments and withdrawals; (11) river, estuary, and 
ocean traffic; (12) wetland loss/removal; (13) beaver removal; and (14) 
exotic/invasive species introductions. In addition to these, human 
harvest of salmonid prey species (e.g., herring, anchovy, and sardines) 
may present another potential habitat-related activity (Pacific Fishery 
Management Council, 1999). All of these activities affect essential 
features via their alteration of one or more of the following: stream 
hydrology, flow and water-level modifications, fish passage, 
geomorphology and sediment transport, temperature, dissolved oxygen, 
vegetation, soils, nutrients and chemicals, physical habitat structure, 
and stream/estuarine/marine biota and forage (Spence et al., 1996; 
Pacific Fishery Management Council, 1999).

Unoccupied Areas

    Section 3(5)(A)(ii) of the ESA authorizes the designation of 
``specific areas outside the geographical area occupied at the time 
[the species] is listed'' if these areas are essential for the 
conservation of the species. Regulations at 50 CFR 424.12(e) emphasize 
that the agency ``shall designate as critical habitat areas outside the 
geographical area presently occupied by a species only when a 
designation limited to its present range would be inadequate to ensure 
the conservation of the species.'' We focused our attention on the 
species' historical range when considering unoccupied areas since these 
logically would have been adequate to support the evolution and long-
term maintenance of distinct population segments. As with occupied 
areas, we considered the stream segments within a HUC5 watershed to 
best describe specific areas. While it is possible to identify which 
HUC5s represent geographical areas that were historically occupied with 
a high degree of certainty, this is not always the case with specific 
stream segments. This is due, in part, to the emphasis on mapping 
currently occupied habitats and to the paucity of site-specific or 
systematic historical stream surveys. As described later in this final 
rule, we did identify unoccupied stream reaches that are essential for 
conservation of Puget Sound steelhead.

Military Lands

    Section 4(a)(3) of the ESA precludes the Secretary from designating 
military lands as critical habitat if those lands are subject to an 
INRMP under the Sikes Act that the Secretary certifies in writing 
benefits the listed species. We consulted with the U.S. Department of 
Defense (DOD) and determined that three installations in Washington 
with either draft or final INRMPs overlap with streams occupied by 
Puget Sound steelhead: (1) Naval Base Kitsap; (2) Naval Radio Station, 
Jim Creek; and (3) Joint Base Lewis-McChord (Army and Air Force). We 
did not identify any INRMPs or DOD installations within the range of 
lower Columbia River coho.
    We identified habitat meeting the statutory definition of critical 
habitat at each of the above installations and reviewed the INRMPs, as 
well as other information available regarding the management of these 
military lands. Our review indicates that each of these INRMPs address 
Puget Sound steelhead habitat, and all contain measures that provide 
benefits to this DPS (NMFS, 2015c). Examples of the types of benefits 
include actions that eliminate fish passage barriers, control erosion, 
protect riparian zones, increase stream habitat complexity, and monitor 
listed species and their habitats. As a result, we are not designating 
critical habitat in areas subject to the INRMPs identified above.

Critical Habitat Analytical Review Team (CHART)

    To assist in the designation of critical habitat, we convened two 
CHARTs (henceforth referred to as ``Teams'')--one for lower Columbia 
River coho and another for Puget Sound steelhead. The Teams consisted 
of NMFS salmonid habitat biologists who were tasked with assessing 
biological information pertaining to areas under consideration for 
designation as critical habitat (NMFS, 2015a). The Teams examined each 
habitat area within the watershed to determine whether the reaches 
occupied by the species contain the physical or biological features 
(PCEs) essential to conservation. The Teams also relied on their 
experience conducting section 7 consultations to determine whether the 
features ``may require special management considerations or 
protection.'' The Teams' rating of habitat areas as having a high, 
medium, or low conservation value informed our discretionary balancing 
consideration in ESA section 4(b)(2). The Teams were also tasked with 
assessing whether there were any unoccupied areas within the historical 
range of the DPSs that were essential for conservation. Further details 
on the Team's methods for determining relative conservation values and 
ratings of habitat areas can be found in the proposed rule (78 FR 2726, 
January 14, 2013), and that discussion is incorporated herein by 
reference.

Species Descriptions and Area Assessments

    The proposed rule describes in greater detail the life history 
traits and conservation status of lower Columbia

[[Page 9263]]

River coho and Puget Sound steelhead, and the Teams' assessment of 
habitat areas. None of the information we received from public comments 
on the proposed rule affected our consideration of this information for 
this final rule. As such, the information on these DPSs' life history 
traits, conservation status, and habitat assessments remain the same as 
described in the proposed rule (78 FR 2726, January 14, 2013), and that 
discussion is incorporated herein by reference. Since publishing our 
proposed rule, we have monitored recovery planning progress for both 
DPSs. Notably, several months after proposing critical habitat, we 
released an ESA recovery plan addressing lower Columbia River coho (78 
FR 41911, July 12, 2013; NMFS, 2013), and in 2015 the Puget Sound TRT 
completed assessments identifying historical populations and viability 
criteria for Puget Sound steelhead (Myers et al., 2015; Hard et al., 
2015). We considered this new information during the development of 
this final critical habitat designation and determined that, aside from 
some minor changes to steelhead population names, it did not change the 
area assessments and conclusions reached in our proposed critical 
habitat designation. However, in response to comments on our proposed 
rule and review by fisheries co-managers in Washington and Oregon, we 
edited our distribution data/maps for lower Columbia River coho salmon 
to better reflect the areas occupied at the time of listing. Tables 1 
and 2 summarize the changes made for specific watersheds in the range 
of each DPS, including the removal of areas incorrectly identified as 
occupied habitat in the proposed rule (referred to as ``unoccupied 
areas'' in these tables), while more detailed information is contained 
in the CHART report (NMFS, 2015a).

              Table 1--Changes to Critical Habitat Designation for Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Subbasin                 Watershed code        Watershed name         Changes from proposed rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
MIDDLE COLUMBIA/HOOD..................      1707010506  East Fork Hood River.....  Added 0.6 miles (1.0 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream and removed 0.2
                                                                                    miles (0.3 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in one stream.
MIDDLE COLUMBIA/HOOD..................      1707010507  West Fork Hood River.....  Added 1.1 miles (1.8 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream and removed 1.4
                                                                                    miles (2.3 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in one stream.
MIDDLE COLUMBIA/HOOD..................      1707010511  Wind River...............  Removed 68.8 miles (110.7 km)
                                                                                    of unoccupied areas in the
                                                                                    Wind River above Shipherd
                                                                                    Falls.
MIDDLE COLUMBIA/HOOD..................      1707010512  Middle Columbia/Grays      Added 0.4 miles (0.6 km) of
                                                         Creek.                     occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000101  Salmon River.............  Added 0.6 miles (1.0 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000102  Zigzag River.............  Added 2.6 miles (4.2 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    three streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000103  Upper Sandy River........  Added 1.3 miles (2.1 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    nine streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000104  Middle Sandy River.......  Added 1.8 miles (2.9 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    three streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000105  Bull Run River...........  Added 2.5 miles (4.0 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000107  Columbia Gorge             Removed 0.5 miles (0.8 km) of
                                                         Tributaries.               unoccupied areas in one
                                                                                    stream.
LOWER COLUMBIA/SANDY..................      1708000108  Lower Sandy River........  Added 0.3 miles (0.5 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
LEWIS.................................      1708000201  Upper Lewis River........  Removed 0.2 miles (0.3 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in one
                                                                                    stream.
LEWIS.................................      1708000203  Swift Reservoir..........  Added 4.3 miles (6.9 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams.
LEWIS.................................      1708000206  Lower Lewis River........  Removed 0.4 miles (0.6 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in one
                                                                                    stream.
LOWER COLUMBIA/CLATSKANIE.............      1708000302  Beaver Creek/Columbia      Added 6.1 miles (9.8 km) of
                                                         River.                     occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA/CLATSKANIE.............      1708000303  Clatskanie River.........  Added 0.7 miles (1.1 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream and removed 1.1
                                                                                    miles (1.8 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in one stream.
LOWER COLUMBIA/CLATSKANIE.............      1708000306  Plympton Creek...........  Removed 1.3 miles (2.1 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in one
                                                                                    stream.
UPPER COWLITZ.........................      1708000401  Headwaters Cowlitz River.  Removed 0.3 miles (0.5 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in two
                                                                                    streams.
UPPER COWLITZ.........................      1708000402  Upper Cowlitz River......  Removed 1.1 miles (0.5 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in three
                                                                                    streams.
UPPER COWLITZ.........................      1708000403  Cowlitz Valley Frontal...  Added 0.1 miles (0.2 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream and removed 1.3
                                                                                    miles (2.1 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in four streams.
UPPER COWLITZ.........................      1708000404  Upper Cispus River.......  Removed 0.1 miles (0.2 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in one
                                                                                    stream.
UPPER COWLITZ.........................      1708000405  Lower Cispus River.......  Added 1.0 miles (1.6 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams and removed 0.9
                                                                                    miles (1.4 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in three streams.
LOWER COWLITZ.........................      1708000501  Tilton River.............  Added 1.4 miles (2.3 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    four streams and removed 1.7
                                                                                    miles (2.7 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in seven streams.

[[Page 9264]]

 
LOWER COWLITZ.........................      1708000503  Jackson Prairie..........  Added 21.5 miles (34.6 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    eight streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA........................      1708000601  Youngs River.............  Added 7.7 miles (12.4 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    eleven streams and removed
                                                                                    1.3 miles (2.1 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in three
                                                                                    streams.
LOWER COLUMBIA........................      1708000602  Big Creek................  Added 1.0 miles (1.6 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams.
CLACKAMAS.............................      1709001102  Upper Clackamas River....  Removed 1.1 miles (1.8 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in one
                                                                                    stream.
CLACKAMAS.............................      1709001104  Middle Clackamas River...  Added 1.1 miles (1.8 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    three streams.
CLACKAMAS.............................      1709001106  Lower Clackamas River....  Added 0.9 miles (1.4 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
LOWER WILLAMETTE......................      1709001201  Johnson Creek............  Added 4.6 miles (7.4 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    eleven streams.
LOWER WILLAMETTE......................      1709001202  Scappoose Creek..........  Added 6.6 miles (10.6 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    five streams.
LOWER WILLAMETTE......................      1709001203  Columbia Slough/           Added 5.3 miles (8.5 km) of
                                                         Willamette River.          occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                   Table 2--Changes to Critical Habitat Designation for Puget Sound Steelhead
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Subbasin                 Watershed code        Watershed name         Changes from proposed rule
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
STRAIT OF GEORGIA.....................      1711000201  Bellingham Bay...........  Added 4.9 miles (7.9 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams.
STRAIT OF GEORGIA.....................      1711000202  Samish River.............  Added 0.2 miles (0.3 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    two streams.
STRAIT OF GEORGIA.....................      1711000204  Birch Bay................  Added 2.9 miles (4.7 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    five streams.
NOOKSACK..............................      1711000401  Upper North Fork Nooksack  Added 2.0 miles (3.2 km) of
                                                         River.                     occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    seven streams and removed
                                                                                    10.7 miles (17.2 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in five
                                                                                    streams.
NOOKSACK..............................      1711000403  South Fork Nooksack River  Added 2.3 miles (3.7 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    eight streams and removed
                                                                                    3.6 miles (5.8 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in three
                                                                                    streams.
NOOKSACK..............................      1711000404  Lower North Fork Nooksack  Added 2.3 miles (3.7 km) of
                                                         River.                     occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    five streams and removed 4.2
                                                                                    miles (7.6 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in eight streams.
NOOKSACK..............................      1711000405  Nooksack River...........  Added 10.4 miles (16.7 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    seven streams and removed
                                                                                    2.3 miles (3.7 km) of
                                                                                    unoccupied areas in two
                                                                                    streams.
STILLAGUAMISH.........................      1711000801  North Fork Stillaguamish   Added 0.9 miles (1.4 km) of
                                                         River.                     occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream and removed 2.3
                                                                                    miles (3.7 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in one stream.
STILLAGUAMISH.........................      1711000802  South Fork Stillaguamish   Added 5.0 miles (8.0 km) of
                                                         River.                     occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    four streams.
STILLAGUAMISH.........................      1711000803  Lower Stillaguamish River  Added 1.0 miles (1.6 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
SNOQUALMIE............................      1711001004  Lower Snoqualmie River...  Added 3.1 miles (5.0 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
SNOHOMISH.............................      1711001101  Pilchuck River...........  Added 5.4 miles (8.7 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    four streams.
LAKE WASHINGTON.......................      1711001201  Cedar River..............  Added 15.5 miles (25.9 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    nine streams.
DUWAMISH..............................      1711001301  Upper Green River........  Added 15.6 miles (25.1 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    twelve streams.
DUWAMISH..............................      1711001302  Middle Green River.......  Added 5.8 miles (9.3 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    four streams.
DUWAMISH..............................      1711001303  Lower Green River........  Added 12.1 miles (19.5 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    six streams.
HOOD CANAL............................      1711001806  Big Quilcene River.......  Added 3.1 miles (5.0 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream and removed 4.1
                                                                                    miles (6.6 km) of unoccupied
                                                                                    areas in one stream.
KITSAP................................      1711001900  Kennedy/Goldsborough.....  Corrected the erroneous
                                                                                    reference to the Puget Sound
                                                                                    subbasin in our regulations
                                                                                    and added 0.7 miles (1.1 km)
                                                                                    of occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
KITSAP................................      1711001901  Puget....................  Added 4.9 miles (7.9 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    seven streams.

[[Page 9265]]

 
KITSAP................................      1711001904  Puget Sound/East Passage.  Added 0.4 miles (0.6 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
DUNGENESS/ELWHA.......................      1711002007  Elwha River..............  Added 2.6 miles (4.2 km) of
                                                                                    occupied habitat areas in
                                                                                    one stream.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Application of ESA Section 4(b)(2)

    Specific areas eligible for designation as critical habitat are 
those that fall within the ESA section 3(5)(A) definition, not 
including lands owned or controlled by the DOD, or designated for its 
use, that are covered by an INRMP that we have determined in writing 
provides a benefit to the species. Specific areas eligible for 
designation are not automatically designated as critical habitat. 
Section 4(b)(2) of the ESA requires that the Secretary consider the 
economic impact, impact on national security, and any other relevant 
impact of designating those areas. The Secretary has the discretion to 
exclude a ``particular area'' from designation if he determines the 
benefits of exclusion (that is, avoiding the impact that would result 
from designation), outweigh the benefits of designation. The Secretary 
may not exclude an area from designation if, based on the best 
available scientific and commercial information, exclusion will result 
in the extinction of the species. Because the authority to exclude is 
``wholly'' discretionary, exclusion is not required for any areas.
    The first step in conducting an ESA section 4(b)(2) analysis is to 
identify the ``particular areas'' to be analyzed. Section 3(5) of the 
ESA defines critical habitat as ``specific areas,'' while section 
4(b)(2) requires the agency to consider certain factors before 
designating any ``particular area.'' Depending on the biology of the 
species, the characteristics of its habitat, and the nature of the 
impacts of designation, ``specific'' areas might be different from, or 
the same as, ``particular'' areas. For lower Columbia River coho and 
Puget Sound steelhead, we analyzed two types of ``particular'' areas. 
Where we considered economic impacts, and weighed the economic benefits 
of exclusion against the conservation benefits of designation, we used 
the same biologically based ``specific'' areas we had identified under 
section 3(5)(A), the HUC5 watershed. This worked well because upslope 
and upstream activities in a watershed can affect the stream within the 
watershed (see the Final Economic Analysis (NMFS, 2015b) for definition 
of the HUC5s and more information). This approach allowed us to most 
effectively consider the conservation value of the different areas when 
balancing conservation benefits of designation against economic 
benefits of exclusion. Where we considered impacts on Indian lands and 
lands subject to a HCP, however, we instead used a delineation of 
``particular'' areas based on ownership or control of the area. 
Specifically, these particular areas consisted of occupied freshwater 
and estuarine areas that overlap with Indian and HCP lands. This 
approach allowed us to consider impacts and benefits associated with 
land ownership and management by Indian tribes and HCP partners.
    The use of two different types of areas required us to account for 
overlapping boundaries (that is, ownership may span many watersheds and 
watersheds may have mixed ownership). The order in which we conducted 
the section 4(b)(2) balancing became important because of this overlap. 
To ensure we were not double-counting the benefits of exclusion, we 
first considered exclusion of particular areas based on land ownership 
and determined which areas to recommend for exclusion. We then 
considered economic exclusion of particular areas based on watersheds, 
with the economic impact for each watershed adjusted based on whether a 
given type of ownership had already been recommended for exclusion.

Benefits of Designation

    The primary benefit of designation is the protection afforded under 
the ESA section 7 requirement that all federal agencies ensure their 
actions are not likely to destroy or adversely modify designated 
critical habitat. This type of benefit is sometimes referred to as an 
incremental benefit because the protections afforded to the species 
from critical habitat designation are in addition to the requirement 
that all federal agencies ensure their actions are not likely to 
jeopardize the continued existence of the species. In addition, the 
designation may enhance the conservation of habitat by informing the 
public about areas and features important to species conservation. This 
may help focus and contribute to conservation efforts for salmon and 
steelhead and their habitats.
    With sufficient information, it may be possible to monetize these 
benefits of designation by first quantifying the benefits expected from 
an ESA section 7 consultation and translating that into dollars. We are 
not aware, however, of any available data to monetize the benefits of 
designation (e.g., estimates of the monetary value of the physical and 
biological features within specific areas that meet the definition of 
critical habitat, or of the monetary value of general benefits such as 
education and outreach). In an alternative approach that we have 
commonly used in the past (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005), we 
qualitatively assessed the benefit of designation for each of the 
specific areas identified as meeting the definition of critical habitat 
for each DPS. Our qualitative consideration began with an evaluation of 
the conservation value of each area. We considered a number of factors 
to determine the conservation value of an area, including the quantity 
and quality of physical or biological features, the relationship of the 
area to other areas within the DPS, and the significance to the DPS of 
the population occupying that area.
    There are many federal activities that occur within the specific 
areas that could impact the conservation value of these areas. 
Regardless of designation, federal agencies are required under Section 
7 of the ESA to ensure these activities are not likely to jeopardize 
the continued existence of lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead. If the specific areas are designated as critical habitat, 
federal agencies will additionally be required to ensure their actions 
are not likely to adversely modify the critical habitat. We grouped the 
potential federal activities that would be subject to this additional 
protection into several broad categories: Water supply, in-stream work, 
development, federal lands management, transportation, utilities, 
mining, and hydropower.
    The benefit of designating a particular area depends upon the 
likelihood of a section 7 consultation occurring in that area and the 
degree to which a

[[Page 9266]]

consultation would yield conservation benefits for the species. Based 
on past consultations for listed salmon and steelhead in this region, 
we estimated that a total of 55 actions would require section 7 
consultation annually for lower Columbia River coho within the 
particular areas being considered for designation (NMFS, 2015b). For 
Puget Sound steelhead, we estimated that a total of 117 actions would 
require section 7 consultation annually within the particular areas 
being considered for designation (NMFS, 2015b). The most common 
activity types subject to consultation in the range of each DPS would 
be in-stream work and transportation projects, accounting for 
approximately 80 percent of estimated actions (a complete list of the 
estimated annual actions, allocated by particular area, is included in 
the Final Economic Analysis (NMFS, 2015b)). These activities have the 
potential to adversely affect water quality and substrate composition 
and quality for salmon and steelhead. Consultation would yield 
conservation benefits for the species by preventing or ameliorating 
such habitat effects.

Impacts of Designation

    Section 4(b)(2) of the ESA provides that the Secretary shall 
consider ``the economic impact, impact on national security, and any 
other relevant impact of specifying any particular area as critical 
habitat.'' The primary impact of a critical habitat designation stems 
from the requirement under section 7(a)(2) of the ESA that federal 
agencies ensure their actions are not likely to result in the 
destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat. Determining 
this impact is complicated by the fact that section 7(a)(2) contains 
the overlapping requirement that federal agencies must ensure their 
actions are not likely to jeopardize the species' continued existence. 
The true impact of designation is the extent to which federal agencies 
modify their actions to ensure their actions are not likely to destroy 
or adversely modify the critical habitat of the species, beyond any 
modifications they would make because of listing and the jeopardy 
requirement. Additional impacts of designation include state and local 
protections that may be triggered as a result of the designation. In 
addition, if the area designated overlaps an area previously designated 
as critical habitat for another species, the true impact of designation 
is the modification federal agencies would make beyond any modification 
they would make to avoid adversely modifying the already-designated 
critical habitat.
    In determining the impacts of designation, we predicted the 
incremental change in federal agency actions as a result of critical 
habitat designation and the adverse modification prohibition, beyond 
the changes predicted to occur as a result of listing and the jeopardy 
provision. In August 2013, we and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 
(USFWS) published a final rule amending our joint regulations at 50 CFR 
424.19 to make clear that in considering impacts of designation as 
required by Section 4(b)(2) we would consider the incremental impacts 
(78 FR 53058, August 28, 2013). More recently, several courts 
(including the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals) have approved an approach 
that considers the incremental impact of designation. The Federal 
Register notice announcing the final rule on considering impacts of 
designation describes and discusses these court cases (Arizona 
Cattlegrowers' Ass'n v. Salazar, 606 F3d 1160, 1172-74 (9th Cir. 2010), 
cert. denied, 131 S. Ct. 1471, 179 L. Ed. 2d 300 (2011); Homebuilders 
Ass'n v. FWS, 616 F3d 983, 991-993 (9th Cir. 2010) cert. denied, 131 S. 
Ct. 1475, 179 L. Ed. 2d 301 (2011). Further, in more recent critical 
habitat designations, we and the USFWS have considered the incremental 
impact of critical habitat designation (for example, our designation of 
critical habitat for the Southern DPS of green sturgeon (74 FR 52300, 
October 9, 2009) and the Southern DPS of eulachon (76 FR 65324, October 
20, 2011), and the USFWS's designation of critical habitat for the 
Oregon chub (75 FR 11031, March 10, 2010)). Consistent with our 
regulation, the more recent court cases, and more recent agency 
practice, we estimated the incremental impacts of designation, beyond 
the impacts that would result from the listing and jeopardy provision. 
In addition, because these designations almost completely overlap our 
previous salmonid critical habitat designations, and the essential 
features are the same, we estimated only the incremental impacts of 
designation beyond the impacts already imposed by those prior 
designations.
    To determine the impact of designation, we examined what the state 
of the world would be with the designation of critical habitat for the 
lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound steelhead DPSs and compared 
it to the state of the world without the designations. The ``without 
critical habitat'' scenario represents the baseline for the analysis. 
It includes process requirements and habitat protections already 
afforded these DPSs under their federal listing or under other federal, 
state, and local regulations. Such regulations include protections 
afforded to habitat supporting these two DPSs from other co-occurring 
ESA listings and critical habitat designations, in particular listings/
designations for West Coast salmon and steelhead (70 FR 52630, 
September 2, 2005). In the case of lower Columbia River coho, the 
designation overlaps with existing designations for lower Columbia 
River steelhead and Chinook and Columbia River chum, as well as several 
DPSs that spawn upstream in the middle and upper Columbia and Snake 
Rivers. In the case of Puget Sound steelhead, the designation overlaps 
with existing designations for Puget Sound Chinook and Hood Canal 
summer-run chum. The ``with critical habitat'' scenario describes the 
incremental impacts associated specifically with the designation of 
critical habitat for lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead. The primary impacts of critical habitat designation we found 
were: (1) The costs associated with additional administrative effort of 
including a critical habitat analysis in section 7 consultations for 
these two DPSs, (2) project modifications required solely to avoid 
destruction or adverse modification of their critical habitat, (3) 
potential impacts on national security if particular areas were 
designated critical habitat for Puget Sound steelhead, and (4) the 
possible harm to our working relationship with Indian tribes and some 
HCP landowners. There are no military areas eligible for designation 
that overlap with critical habitat areas, so we did not consider 
impacts to national security. Because we have chosen to balance 
benefits and consider exclusions, we consider these impacts in more 
detail below in the section devoted to each type of impact.

Economic Impacts

    Our economic analysis sought to determine the impacts on land uses 
and activities from the designation of critical habitat that are above 
and beyond--or incremental to--those ``baseline'' impacts due to 
existing or planned conservation efforts being undertaken due to other 
federal, state, and local regulations or guidelines (NMFS, 2015b). 
Other federal agencies, as well as state and local governments, may 
also seek to protect the natural resources under their jurisdiction. If 
compliance with the Clean Water Act or State environmental quality 
laws, for example, protects habitat for the species, such protective 
efforts are considered to be baseline protections and costs associated 
with these efforts

[[Page 9267]]

are not quantified as impacts of critical habitat designation.
    When critical habitat is designated, section 7 of the ESA requires 
federal agencies to ensure that their actions will not result in the 
destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat (in addition to 
ensuring that the actions are not likely to jeopardize the continued 
existence of the species). The added administrative costs of 
considering critical habitat in section 7 consultations and the 
additional impacts of implementing project modifications to protect 
critical habitat are the direct result of the designation of critical 
habitat. These costs are not in the baseline and are considered 
incremental impacts of the rulemaking.
    Incremental impacts may also include the direct costs associated 
with additional effort for future consultations, reinitiated 
consultations, new consultations occurring specifically because of the 
designation, and additional project modifications that would not have 
been required to avoid jeopardizing the continued existence of the 
species. Additionally, incremental impacts may include indirect impacts 
resulting from reaction to the designation of critical habitat (e.g., 
developing ESA HCPs in an effort to avoid designation of critical 
habitat), triggering of additional requirements under State or local 
laws intended to protect sensitive habitat, and uncertainty and 
perceptional effects on markets.
    To evaluate the economic impact of critical habitat we first 
examined our ESA section 7 consultation record for West Coast salmon 
and steelhead. That voluminous record includes consultations on 
habitat-modifying federal actions both where critical habitat has been 
designated and where it has not. As further explained in the supporting 
economic report (NMFS, 2015b), to quantify the economic impact of 
designation, we employed the following three steps:
    (1) Define the geographic study area for the analysis, and identify 
the units of analysis (the ``particular areas''). In this case, we 
defined HUC5 watersheds that encompass occupied stream reaches as the 
study area.
    (2) Identify potentially affected economic activities and determine 
how management costs may increase due to the designation of critical 
habitat for lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound steelhead, both 
in terms of project administration and project modification.
    (3) Estimate the economic impacts associated with these changes in 
management.
    We estimated a total annualized incremental cost of approximately 
$357,815 for designating all specific areas as critical habitat for 
lower Columbia River coho. The greatest costs are associated with 
transportation, water supply, and in-stream work activities (see NMFS, 
2015b). The Columbia Slough/Willamette River HUC5 watershed had the 
largest estimated annual impacts ($54,000) while the Jackson Prairie 
HUC5 watershed had the lowest, with zero estimated annual impacts 
(NMFS, 2015b).
    For Puget Sound steelhead, we estimated a total annualized 
incremental administrative cost of approximately $460,924 for 
designating all specific areas as critical habitat. The greatest costs 
are associated with transportation and in-stream work activities (see 
NMFS, 2015b). Several watersheds located throughout the range of the 
DPS had zero estimated annual impacts, while the Lake Washington HUC5 
watershed had the largest estimated annual impacts ($103,000) (NMFS, 
2015b).
    In weighing economic impacts, we followed the policy direction from 
Executive Order 12866 to ``maximize net benefits'' and seek to achieve 
regulatory objectives in ``the most cost effective manner.'' Consistent 
with our past practice for salmon and steelhead critical habitat 
designations, we took into consideration a cost-effectiveness approach 
giving priority to excluding habitat areas with a relatively lower 
benefit of designation and a relatively higher economic impact. The 
circumstances of these and other listed salmon and steelhead DPSs can 
make a cost-effectiveness approach useful because different areas have 
different conservation value relative to one another. Pacific salmon 
and steelhead are wide-ranging species and occupy numerous habitat 
areas with thousands of stream miles. Not all occupied areas are of 
equal importance to conserving a DPS. Within the currently occupied 
range there are areas that historically were more or less productive, 
that are currently more or less degraded, or that support populations 
that are more or less central to conservation of the DPS as a whole. As 
a result, in many cases it may be possible to construct a designation 
scenario in which conservation of the DPS as a whole will be possible 
even if the entire area meeting the definition of critical habitat is 
not designated. This creates the potential to consider exclusions where 
conservation values are relatively low and economic impacts are 
relatively high. This is the same approach we took in our 2005 salmonid 
critical habitat designations (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005) and 
green sturgeon critical habitat designation (74 FR 52300, October 9, 
2009).
    In seeking a cost-effective designation that would minimize 
economic impacts, we also heeded the policy direction to conserve 
salmon and steelhead habitat described above. In accordance with the 
policy direction to conserve salmon and steelhead habitat, we are not 
excluding any habitat areas based on economic impacts if exclusion 
would ``significantly impede conservation.'' We adopted this test 
because habitat loss and degradation are leading factors for the 
decline of both DPSs (70 FR 37160, June 28, 2005; 72 FR 26722, May 11, 
2007), and habitat protection and restoration have been identified as 
key actions in Lower Columbia River and Puget Sound recovery plans and 
assessments (Puget Sound Salmon Recovery Plan, 2009; Judge, 2011; NMFS, 
2013). Consistent with this test, we did not consider any areas for an 
economic exclusion that we had identified as having a high conservation 
value. We gave greater weight to the benefit of designating these high 
value areas than to the benefit of avoiding economic impacts because of 
the historic loss and degradation of habitat, the ongoing threats to 
habitat, and the importance of habitat protection and restoration in 
recovering the DPSs. The approach taken here is the same approach we 
took in our 2005 salmon and steelhead critical habitat designations (70 
FR 52630, September 2, 2005) and green sturgeon critical habitat 
designation (74 FR 52300, October 9, 2009). Also consistent with this 
test, we are not excluding any medium or low quality habitat areas if 
we concluded that their exclusion would significantly impede 
conservation, as described further below.
    In the first step of balancing economic benefits, we identified for 
potential exclusion the low value habitat areas with an annual economic 
impact greater than or equal to $10,000 and the medium value habitat 
areas with an annual economic impact greater than or equal to $100,000. 
These dollar thresholds are substantially lower than the thresholds we 
used in our 2005 designations because here we have used the incremental 
impact of designation, while in the 2005 rule we used the coextensive 
impact of designation. (Our 2005 rule explains in greater detail how 
and why we relied on coextensive impacts (see 70 FR 52630, September 2, 
2005)). As with the 2005 designations, the thresholds we selected for 
identifying habitat areas eligible for exclusion do not represent an 
objective

[[Page 9268]]

judgment that, for example, a low value area is worth a certain dollar 
amount and no more. The statute directs us to balance dissimilar values 
but also emphasizes the discretionary nature of the balancing task. The 
cost estimates developed by our economic analysis do not have obvious 
break points that would lead to a logical division between ``high,'' 
``medium,'' and ``low'' costs. Given these factors, a judgment that any 
particular dollar threshold is objectively ``right,'' would be neither 
necessary nor possible. Rather, what economic impact is high and, 
therefore, might outweigh the benefit of designating a medium or low 
value habitat area is a matter of discretion and depends on the policy 
context.
    In the second step of the process, we asked the Teams whether 
exclusion of any of the low- or medium-value habitat areas would 
significantly impede conservation of the DPS. The Teams considered this 
question in the context of: (1) The Indian lands and HCP lands they 
assumed would be excluded based on ``other relevant impacts'' 
(exclusions discussed later in this report), (2) all of the areas 
eligible for economic exclusion, and (3) the information they had 
developed in providing the conservation ratings. The Critical Habitat 
Designations section below describes the results of applying the two-
step process to each DPS. The results are discussed in greater detail 
in a separate report that is available for public review (NMFS, 2015c).

Other Relevant Impacts--Impacts to Tribal Sovereignty and Self-
Governance

    Much of the benefit of designating critical habitat on Indian lands 
is the same as designating critical habitat on other lands. In an ESA 
section 7 consultation, federal agencies must ensure their actions do 
not destroy or adversely modify the designated critical habitat, in 
addition to ensuring their actions do not jeopardize the continued 
existence of the species. There is a broad array of activities on 
Indian lands that may trigger section 7 consultations. The other 
benefit is the notice that designation gives that an area is important 
to conservation of the species. Both of these benefits may be 
diminished by the fact that tribes are actively working to address the 
habitat needs of the species on their lands as well, as in the larger 
ecosystem, and are fully aware of the conservation value of their 
lands. (This is documented in correspondence from the tribes, several 
in response to the agency's ANPR (76 FR 1392, January 10, 2011)).
    Indian lands affected by a critical habitat designation only occur 
within the range of the Puget Sound steelhead DPS, and they comprise 
only a minor portion (approximately 2 percent) of the total habitat 
under consideration for designation (NMFS, 2015c). This percentage is 
likely an overestimate as it includes all habitat area within 
reservation boundaries. In many cases, a considerable portion of the 
land within the reservation boundaries is no longer held in trust for 
the tribe or in fee status by individual tribal members.
    The longstanding and distinctive relationship between the federal 
and tribal governments is defined by treaties, statutes, executive 
orders, judicial decisions, and agreements, which differentiate tribal 
governments from the other entities that deal with, or are affected by, 
the Federal Government. This relationship has given rise to a special 
federal trust responsibility involving the legal responsibilities and 
obligations of the United States toward Indian Tribes with respect to 
Indian lands, tribal trust resources, and the exercise of tribal rights 
(e.g., Executive Order 13175 and Secretarial Order 3206). Pursuant to 
these federal policies and authorities, lands have been retained by 
Indian Tribes or have been set aside for tribal use. These lands are 
managed by Indian Tribes in accordance with tribal goals and objectives 
within the framework of applicable treaties and laws.
    In addition to the distinctive trust relationship, for Pacific 
salmonids in the Northwest, there is a unique partnership between the 
Federal Government and Indian tribes regarding salmonid management. 
Northwest Indian tribes are regarded as ``co-managers'' of the salmonid 
resource, along with federal and state managers. This co-management 
relationship evolved as a result of numerous court decisions clarifying 
the tribes' treaty right to take fish in their usual and accustomed 
places. The tribes have stated in letters and meetings that designation 
of Indian lands as critical habitat will undermine long-term working 
relationships and reduce the capacity of tribes to participate at 
current levels in the many and varied forums addressing ecosystem 
management and conservation of fisheries resources. In the decision 
Center for Biological Diversity v. Norton, 240 F. Supp. 2d 1090 (D. 
Ariz. 2003), the court held that a positive working relationship with 
Indian tribes is a relevant impact that can be considered when weighing 
the relative benefits of a critical habitat.
    The current co-manager process addressing activities on an 
ecosystem-wide basis throughout the Northwest is beneficial for the 
conservation of the salmonids. We also believe that maintenance of our 
current co-manager relationship consistent with existing policies is an 
important benefit to continuance of our tribal trust responsibilities 
and relationship. Based upon our consultation with the Tribes, we 
believe that designation of Indian lands as critical habitat would 
adversely impact our working relationship and the benefits resulting 
from this relationship. The benefits of excluding Indian lands from 
designation include: (1) The furtherance of established national 
policies, our federal trust obligations and our deference to the tribes 
in management of natural resources on their lands; (2) the maintenance 
of effective long-term working relationships to promote the 
conservation of salmonids on an ecosystem wide basis across four 
states; (3) the allowance for continued meaningful collaboration and 
cooperation in scientific work to learn more about the conservation 
needs of the species on an ecosystem-wide basis; and (4) continued 
respect for tribal sovereignty over management of natural resources on 
Indian lands through established tribal natural resource programs.
    Based upon these considerations, we have determined to exercise 
agency discretion under ESA section 4(b)(2) and exclude Indian lands 
from the critical habitat designation for Puget Sound steelhead. The 
Indian lands specifically excluded from critical habitat are those 
defined in the Secretarial Order, including: (1) Lands held in trust by 
the United States for the benefit of any Indian tribe; (2) land held in 
trust by the United States for any Indian Tribe or individual subject 
to restrictions by the United States against alienation; (3) fee lands, 
either within or outside the reservation boundaries, owned by the 
tribal government; and (4) fee lands within the reservation boundaries 
owned by individual Indians. These particular areas comprise only 2 
percent of the total area under consideration for designation as 
critical habitat for Puget Sound steelhead (NMFS, 2015c).

Other Relevant Impacts--Impacts to Landowners With Contractual 
Commitments to Conservation

    Conservation agreements with non-federal landowners (e.g., HCPs) 
enhance species conservation by extending species protections beyond 
those available through section 7 consultations. We have encouraged 
non-federal landowners to enter into conservation agreements, based on 
a

[[Page 9269]]

view that we can achieve greater species' conservation on non-federal 
land through such voluntary partnerships than we can through coercive 
methods (61 FR 63854, December 2, 1996).
    Section 10(a)(1)(B) of the ESA authorizes us to issue to non-
federal entities a permit for the incidental take of endangered and 
threatened species. This permit allows a non-federal landowner to 
proceed with an activity that is legal in all other respects, but that 
results in the incidental taking of a listed species (i.e., take that 
is incidental to, and not the purpose of, the carrying out of an 
otherwise lawful activity). The ESA specifies that an application for 
an incidental take permit must be accompanied by a conservation plan, 
and specifies the content of such a plan. The purpose of such an HCP is 
to describe and ensure that the effects of the permitted action on 
covered species are adequately minimized and mitigated, and that the 
action does not appreciably reduce the likelihood of the survival and 
recovery of the species.
    In previous critical habitat designations for West Coast salmon and 
steelhead (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005), we have exercised 
discretion to exclude some (but not all) lands covered by an HCP from 
designation after concluding that benefits of exclusion outweighed the 
benefits of designation. For lands covered by an HCP, the benefits of 
designation typically arise from section 7 protections as well as 
enhanced public awareness. The benefits of exclusion generally include 
relieving regulatory burdens on existing conservation partners, 
maintaining good working relationships with them (thus enhancing 
implementation of existing HCPs), and encouraging the development of 
new partnerships.
    We contacted the HCP landowners whose lands were excluded in our 
2005 designations (Washington Department of Natural Resources, Green 
Diamond Resources Company, and West Fork Timber Company) to discuss the 
critical habitat designations for lower Columbia River coho and Puget 
Sound steelhead. We also contacted several additional landowners whose 
HCPs had been authorized subsequent to our 2005 critical habitat 
designations (Washington Forest Practices, City of Portland-Bull Run 
Water Supply, and City of Kent Water Supply) or were existing then but 
now determined to overlap with new habitat areas being considered for 
designation (J.L. Storedahl and Sons). All of them except one (City of 
Portland) requested that their lands be excluded from designation as 
critical habitat for these DPSs, and were of the opinion that exclusion 
would be a benefit and enhance the partnership between NMFS and the HCP 
landowner. We also reviewed the activities covered by the HCPs, the 
protections afforded by the HCP agreement, and the federal activities 
that are likely to occur on the affected lands (NMFS, 2015c). From this 
information, we determined that, in most cases, the conservation 
benefits to the species from the HCPs outweigh the conservation 
benefits of designation and, therefore, are excluding HCP lands where 
the landowner or regulator demonstrated that exclusion would have the 
benefit of improving our working relationship with them or with those 
whose lands were covered by the HCP. One exception involves specific 
lands on the Kitsap Peninsula that are not currently identified as 
being actively enrolled under Washington Forest Practices HCP and which 
we have determined warrant critical habitat designation for Puget Sound 
steelhead (NMFS 2015c).

Exclusion Will Not Result in Extinction of the Species

    Section 4(b)(2) limits our discretion to exclude areas from 
designation if exclusion will result in extinction of the species.
    Because we have not recommended excluding any habitat areas based 
on economic impacts if the exclusion would significantly impede 
conservation, we have determined for each DPS that the exclusion of the 
areas we recommend based on economic impacts will not result in the 
extinction of either DPS. All areas excluded are of low conservation 
value. Moreover, they comprise a small fraction--less than 5 percent--
of all habitat areas considered for designation as critical habitat for 
either DPS.
    We also conclude that excluding Indian lands--and thereby 
furthering the federal government's policy of promoting respect for 
tribal sovereignty and self-governance--will not result in extinction 
of either species. Habitat on Indian lands represents a small 
proportion of total area occupied by the Puget Sound steelhead DPS and 
the Tribes are actively engaged in fisheries, habitat management, and 
species recovery programs that benefit steelhead and other salmonids.
    In addition, we conclude that excluding lands covered by several 
HCPs will not result in extinction of either species. These particular 
HCPs result in management actions that promote conservation of the 
listed species in a manner that is not available through the section 7 
requirements regarding critical habitat. Excluding these HCP areas from 
designation is expected to enhance our relationship with the landowner 
and may provide an incentive to other landowners to seek conservation 
agreements with us. These outcomes will, in turn, generally benefit our 
recovery efforts to foster voluntary efforts on vast areas of 
nonfederal lands which make up a large proportion of each species' 
range and will play a critical role in avoiding species extinction.
    In total, for lower Columbia River coho we are designating 2,300 
stream miles (3,701 km) and excluding 1,045 stream miles (1,682 km), 
and for Puget Sound steelhead we are designating 2,031 stream miles 
(3,269 km) and excluding 1,569 stream miles (2,525 km). For the 
following reasons, we conclude that these exclusions, in combination, 
will not result in the extinction of either DPS:
    (1) Except for exclusions due to economic impacts, there are no 
watersheds that are excluded in their entirety. The most area excluded 
for any single watershed is the Lower West Hood Canal watershed, with 
78 percent excluded due to the presence of HCPs. This area was rated as 
having a low conservation value.
    (2) Although the extent of the exclusions overall is significant 
(nearly 50 percent of the critical habitat for Puget Sound steelhead 
and nearly 30 percent of the critical habitat for lower Columbia coho), 
and many of the areas excluded are of medium or high conservation value 
to the species, most of the exclusions are based on the presence of 
HCPs, which have a conservation benefit for the species. Also, the 
likely leverage to obtain significant conservation benefits from an ESA 
section 7 consultation is expected to be low for most areas. Because 
the presence of high quality forested habitat is key to salmon and 
steelhead recovery, the protections of the HCP, which all involve 
forested/riparian lands, will have significant benefits over the long 
term as riparian forest habitat is developed. In addition, we believe 
that the HCP exclusions, in particular, may provide an incentive to 
other landowners to seek conservation agreements with us.
    (3) The few cases where an entire watershed was excluded (due to 
economic impacts), the Teams deemed all involved habitat areas to be of 
low conservation value.
    (4) The Indian land exclusions involve stream reaches that are 
already managed by the tribes for salmonid conservation.

[[Page 9270]]

Critical Habitat Designations

    In previous salmonid critical habitat designations we identified 
the end-point of designated stream segments using latitude and 
longitude coordinates and provided maps depicting the designated areas 
(70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005). In May of 2012, we and the USFWS 
amended our regulations regarding critical habitat designation (77 FR 
25611, May 1, 2012). The revised regulation provides that the 
boundaries of critical habitat as mapped or otherwise described in the 
Regulation Promulgation section of a rulemaking published in the 
Federal Register will be the official delineation of the designation 
(50 CFR 424.12). In this designation, we include both the latitude-
longitude coordinates and maps to make it easier to compare the areas 
designated with overlapping areas designated for other salmon and 
steelhead DPSs in 2005 (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005).

Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon

    We are designating approximately 2,300 stream miles (3,701 km) 
within the geographical area presently occupied by the lower Columbia 
River coho DPS (see Table 3). Other ESA-listed species in this area 
with designated critical habitat include lower Columbia River Chinook 
and steelhead, Columbia River chum (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005), 
bull trout (75 FR 63898, October 18, 2010), green sturgeon (74 FR 
52300, October 9, 2009), and the Southern DPS of eulachon (76 FR 65324, 
October 20, 2011). Also, the mainstem lower Columbia River is 
designated critical habitat for numerous other salmon and steelhead 
DPSs whose spawning range is upstream of the area presently occupied by 
lower Columbia River coho (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005).

 Table 3--Approximate Quantity of Habitat and Ownership Within Watersheds Containing Habitat Areas Designated as
                              Critical Habitat for Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Land ownership type (percent)
          Streams and lakes mi (km)          -------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Federal           Tribal           State           Private
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2,300 (3,701)...............................            14.6                0              2.0             83.4
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The areas designated are all occupied and contain physical and 
biological features essential to the conservation of the species that 
may require special management considerations or protection. No 
unoccupied areas were identified that are considered essential for the 
conservation of the species. There are 55 watersheds within the range 
of this DPS. Three watersheds received a low conservation value rating, 
18 received a medium rating, and 34 received a high rating (NMFS, 
2015a). The lower Columbia River rearing/migration corridor downstream 
of the spawning range is considered to have a high conservation value. 
As a result of the balancing process for economic impacts described 
above, we are excluding from the designation all or portions of 28 
watersheds listed in Table 4. Of the habitat areas eligible for 
designation, approximately 27 stream miles (43 km) or 0.8 percent are 
being excluded because the economic benefits of exclusion outweigh the 
benefits of designation. Also, we are excluding approximately 1,018 
stream miles (1,638 km) covered by 4 HCPs (J.L. Storedahl and Sons HCP, 
Washington Department of Natural Resources--West of Cascades HCP, 
Washington Forest Practices HCP, and West Fork Timber HCP) because the 
benefits of exclusion outweigh the benefits of designation. None of the 
HCP exclusions overlap with areas also excluded due to economic 
impacts. Total estimated economic impact, with no exclusions, is 
$357,815. The economic-related exclusions identified in Table 4 would 
reduce the total estimated economic impact approximately 4 percent to 
$344,315 (NMFS, 2015b).

   Table 4--Habitat Areas Within The Geographical Range of Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon and Excluded From
                                                Critical Habitat
 [WDNR = Washington Department of Natural Resources; WFP = Washington Forest Practices; WFT = West Fork Timber]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
          Watershed code              Watershed name                         Area(s) excluded
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1707010509.......................  Wind River..........  WFP HCP lands.
1707010511.......................  Wind River..........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1707010512.......................  Middle Columbia/      WFP HCP lands.
                                    Grays Creek.
1707010513.......................  Middle Columbia/      WFP HCP lands.
                                    Eagle Creek.
1708000106.......................  Washougal River.....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000107.......................  Columbia River Gorge  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                                    Tributaries.
1708000109.......................  Salmon Creek........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000201.......................  Upper Lewis River...  WFP HCP lands.
1708000202.......................  Muddy River.........  WFP HCP lands.
1708000203.......................  Swift Reservoir.....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000204.......................  Yale Reservoir......  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000205.......................  East Fork Lewis       WDNR, WFP, and Storedahl HCP lands.
                                    River.
1708000206.......................  Lower Lewis River...  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000301.......................  Kalama River........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000304.......................  Germany/Abernathy...  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000305.......................  Skamokawa/Elochoman.  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000402.......................  Upper Cowlitz River.  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000403.......................  Cowlitz Valley        WDNR, WFP, and WFT HCP lands.
                                    Frontal.
1708000405.......................  Lower Cispus River..  WFP HCP lands.
1708000501.......................  Tilton River........  WDNR, WFP, and WFT HCP lands.
1708000502.......................  Riffe Reservoir.....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000503.......................  Jackson Prairie.....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.

[[Page 9271]]

 
1708000504.......................  North Fork Toutle     WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                                    River.
1708000506.......................  South Fork Toutle     WFP HCP lands.
                                    River.
1708000507.......................  East Willapa........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000508.......................  Coweeman............  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1708000603.......................  Grays Bay...........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1709000704.......................  Abernethy Creek.....  Entire watershed due to economic impacts.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Puget Sound Steelhead

    We are designating approximately 2,031 stream miles (3,269 km) 
within the geographical area presently occupied by the Puget Sound 
steelhead DPS (see Table 5). Other ESA-listed salmonids in this area 
with designated critical habitat include Puget Sound Chinook, Hood 
Canal summer-run chum (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005), and bull trout 
(75 FR 63898, October 18, 2010).

 Table 5--Approximate Quantity of Habitat and Ownership Within Watersheds Containing Habitat Areas Designated as
                                   Critical Habitat for Puget Sound Steelhead
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                 Land ownership type (percent)
               Streams mi (km)               -------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                  Federal           Tribal           State           Private
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2,031 (3,269)...............................            15.5                0              3.8             80.7
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The areas designated are all occupied and contain physical and 
biological features essential to the conservation of the species that 
may require special management considerations or protection. One 
unoccupied area in the upper Elwha River watershed was identified as 
essential for the conservation of the species and is being designated 
as critical habitat. There are 66 watersheds within the range of this 
DPS. Nine watersheds received a low conservation value rating, 16 
received a medium rating, and 41 received a high rating to the DPS 
(NMFS, 2015a).
    Approximately 28 stream miles (45 km) are not designated because 
they are within lands controlled by the military that contain 
qualifying INRMPs. Approximately 70 miles (113 km) of stream are within 
the boundaries of Indian reservations, but only those reaches defined 
as Indian lands (see Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes) 
are excluded. Also, we are excluding approximately 1,361 miles (2,190 
km) of stream covered by four HCPs (City of Kent, Green Diamond, 
Washington Department of Natural Resources--West of Cascades HCP, and 
Washington Forest Practices HCP) because the benefits of exclusion 
outweigh the benefits of designation. As a result of the balancing 
process for economic impacts described above, the Secretary is 
excluding from the designation all or portions of the 60 watersheds 
listed in Table 6. Of the habitat areas eligible for designation, 
approximately 138 stream miles (222 km) or 3.8 percent are being 
excluded because the economic benefits of exclusion outweigh the 
benefits of designation. Only a small amount (22 stream miles (35 km)) 
are excluded due to economic impacts overlap with areas also excluded 
as HCP lands or Indian lands. Total estimated economic impact, with no 
exclusions, is $460,924. The economic-related exclusions identified in 
Table 6 reduces the total estimated economic impact approximately 29 
percent to $326,966 (NMFS, 2015c).

   Table 6--Habitat Areas Within the Geographical Range of Puget Sound
              Steelhead and Excluded From Critical Habitat
  [WDNR = Washington Department of Natural Resources; WFP = Washington
                            Forest Practices]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
      Watershed code          Watershed name        Area(s) excluded
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1711000201...............  Bellingham Bay.....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711000202...............  Samish River.......  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711000204...............  Birch Bay..........  WFP HCP lands.
1711000401...............  Upper North Fork     WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Nooksack River.
1711000402...............  Middle Fork          WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Nooksack River.
1711000403...............  South Fork Nooksack  Indian lands and WDNR
                            River.               and WFP HCP lands.
1711000404...............  Lower North Fork     Indian lands and WDNR
                            Nooksack River.      and WFP HCP lands.
1711000405...............  Nooksack River.....  Indian lands and WDNR
                                                 and WFP HCP lands.
1711000504...............  Skagit River/Gorge   WFP HCP lands.
                            Lake.
1711000505...............  Skagit River/        WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Diobsud Creek.
1711000506...............  Cascade River......  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711000507...............  Skagit River/        WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Illabot Creek.
1711000508...............  Baker River........  WFP HCP lands.
1711000601...............  Upper Sauk River...  WFP HCP lands.
1711000603...............  Lower Suiattle       WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            River.

[[Page 9272]]

 
1711000604...............  Lower Sauk River...  Indian lands and WDNR
                                                 and WFP HCP lands.
1711000701...............  Middle Skagit River/ WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Finney Creek.
1711000702...............  Lower Skagit River/  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Nookachamps Creek.
1711000801...............  North Fork           WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Stillaguamish
                            River.
1711000802...............  South Fork           WDNR and WFP HCP lands
                            Stillaguamish        and DOD lands.
                            River.
1711000803...............  Lower Stillaguamish  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            River.
1711000901...............  Tye and Beckler      WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Rivers.
1711000902...............  Skykomish River      WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Forks.
1711000903...............  Skykomish River/     WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Wallace River.
1711000904...............  Sultan River.......  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711000905...............  Skykomish River/     WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Woods Creek.
1711001003...............  Middle Fork          WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Snoqualmie River.
1711001004...............  Lower Snoqualmie     WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            River.
1711001101...............  Pilchuck River.....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001102...............  Snohomish River....  Indian lands and WDNR
                                                 and WFP HCP lands.
1711001201...............  Cedar River........  WDNR and City of Kent
                                                 HCP lands.
1711001202...............  Lake Sammamish.....  Entire watershed due to
                                                 economic impacts
                                                 (including WDNR and WFP
                                                 HCP lands).
1711001203...............  Lake Washington....  Entire watershed due to
                                                 economic impacts.
1711001204...............  Sammamish River....  Entire watershed due to
                                                 economic impacts
                                                 (including WDNR and WFP
                                                 HCP lands).
1711001301...............  Upper Green River..  WFP HCP lands.
1711001302...............  Middle Green River.  Indian lands and WDNR
                                                 HCP lands.
1711001303...............  Lower Green River..  Indian lands.
1711001401...............  Upper White River..  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001402...............  Lower White River..  Indian lands and WFP HCP
                                                 lands.
1711001403...............  Carbon River.......  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001405...............  Lower Puyallup       Indian lands and WFP HCP
                            River.               lands.
1711001502...............  Mashel/Ohop........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001503...............  Lowland............  Indian lands, DOD lands,
                                                 and WFP HCP lands.
1711001601...............  Prairie 1..........  WFP HCP lands.
1711001602...............  Prairie 2..........  WFP HCP lands.
1711001701...............  Skokomish River....  Indian lands and WFP and
                                                 Green Diamond HCP
                                                 lands.
1711001802...............  Lower West Hood      WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Canal Frontal.
1711001804...............  Duckabush River....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001806...............  Big Quilcene River.  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001807...............  Upper West Hood      WDNR and WFP HCP lands
                            Canal Frontal.       and DOD lands.
1711001808...............  West Kitsap........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands
                                                 (except those WFP HCP
                                                 lands overlapping with
                                                 areas occupied by Puget
                                                 Sound steelhead and not
                                                 classified as being in
                                                 an approved or renewed
                                                 status by the
                                                 Washington Department
                                                 of Natural Resources as
                                                 of September 2015).
1711001900...............  Kennedy/             Indian lands and WDNR
                            Goldsborough.        and WFP, and Green
                                                 Diamond HCP lands.
1711001901...............  Puget..............  WDNR and WFP HCP lands
                                                 (except those WFP HCP
                                                 lands overlapping with
                                                 areas occupied by Puget
                                                 Sound steelhead and not
                                                 classified as being in
                                                 an approved or renewed
                                                 status by the
                                                 Washington Department
                                                 of Natural Resources as
                                                 of September 2015).
1711001902...............  Prairie 3..........  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711001906...............  Chambers Creek.....  DOD Lands.
1711001908...............  Port Ludlow/         WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
                            Chimacum Creek.
1711002001...............  Discovery Bay......  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711002002...............  Sequim Bay.........  Indian lands and WDNR
                                                 and WFP HCP lands.
1711002003...............  Dungeness River....  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711002004...............  Port Angeles Harbor  WDNR and WFP HCP lands.
1711002007...............  Elwha River........  Indian lands and WDNR
                                                 and WFP HCP lands.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lateral Extent of Critical Habitat

    In past designations, we have described the lateral extent of 
critical habitat in various ways, ranging from fixed distances to 
``functional'' zones defined by important riparian functions (65 FR 
7764, February 16, 2000). Designating a set riparian zone width will 
(in some places) accurately reflect the distance from the stream on 
which essential features might be found, but in other cases may 
overstate or understate the distance. Designating a functional buffer 
avoids that problem, but makes it difficult for federal agencies to 
know in advance what areas are critical habitat. To address these 
issues, we are defining the lateral extent of designated critical 
habitat as the width of the stream channel defined by the ordinary high 
water line as defined by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 33 CFR 
329.11. In areas for which ordinary high-water has not been defined 
pursuant to 33 CFR 329.11, the width of the stream channel shall be 
defined by its bankfull elevation. Bankfull elevation is the level at 
which water begins to leave the channel and move into the floodplain 
(Rosgen, 1996) and is reached at a discharge which generally has a 
recurrence interval of 1 to 2 years on the

[[Page 9273]]

annual flood series (Leopold et al., 1992). Such an interval is 
commensurate with nearly all of the juvenile freshwater life phases of 
most salmon and steelhead DPSs. Therefore, it is reasonable to assert 
that for an occupied stream reach this lateral extent is regularly 
``occupied.'' Moreover, the bankfull elevation can be readily discerned 
for a variety of stream reaches and stream types using recognizable 
water lines (e.g., marks on rocks) or vegetation boundaries (Rosgen, 
1996). Since 2005, this has proven to be a successful approach for 
defining the lateral extent of critical habitat for West Coast salmon 
and steelhead (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005); therefore, we will 
continue the practice in this final rule.
    As underscored in previous critical habitat designations, the 
quality of aquatic habitat within stream channels is intrinsically 
related to the adjacent riparian zones and floodplain, surrounding 
wetlands and uplands, and non-fish-bearing streams above occupied 
stream reaches. Human activities that occur outside the stream or 
designated critical habitat can modify or destroy physical and 
biological features of the stream. In addition, human activities that 
occur within and adjacent to reaches upstream (e.g., road failures) or 
downstream (e.g., dams) of designated stream reaches can also have 
demonstrable effects on physical and biological features of designated 
reaches. This designation will help to ensure that federal agencies are 
aware of these important habitat linkages for lower Columbia River coho 
and Puget Sound steelhead.
    In the few cases where we are designating lakes/reservoirs as 
critical habitat, the lateral extent may best be defined as the 
perimeter of the water body as displayed on standard 1:24,000 scale 
topographic maps or the elevation of ordinary high water, whichever is 
greater.

Effects of Critical Habitat Designation

    Section 7(a)(2) of the ESA requires federal agencies to insure that 
any action authorized, funded, or carried out by the agency (agency 
action) does not jeopardize the continued existence of any threatened 
or endangered species or destroy or adversely modify designated 
critical habitat. When a species is listed or critical habitat is 
designated, federal agencies must consult with us on any agency actions 
to be conducted in an area where the species is present and that may 
affect the species or its critical habitat. During the consultation, we 
evaluate the agency action to determine whether the action may 
adversely affect listed species or critical habitat and issue our 
findings in a biological opinion. If we conclude in the biological 
opinion that the agency action would likely result in the destruction 
or adverse modification of critical habitat, we would also recommend 
any reasonable and prudent alternatives to the action. Reasonable and 
prudent alternatives are defined in 50 CFR 402.02 as alternative 
actions identified during formal consultation that can be implemented 
in a manner consistent with the intended purpose of the action, that 
are consistent with the scope of the federal agency's legal authority 
and jurisdiction, that are economically and technologically feasible, 
and that would avoid the destruction or adverse modification of 
critical habitat.
    Regulations at 50 CFR 402.16 require federal agencies that have 
retained discretionary involvement or control over an action, or where 
such discretionary involvement or control is authorized by law, to 
reinitiate consultation on previously reviewed actions in instances in 
which (1) critical habitat is subsequently designated; or (2) new 
information or changes to the action may result in effects to critical 
habitat not previously considered in the biological opinion. 
Consequently, some federal agencies may request re-initiation of a 
consultation with us on actions for which formal consultation has been 
completed if those actions may affect designated critical habitat.
    Activities subject to the ESA section 7 consultation process 
include activities on federal lands and activities on private or state 
lands requiring a permit from a federal agency (e.g., a Clean Water 
Act, Section 404 dredge or fill permit from U.S. Army Corps of 
Engineers) or some other federal action, including funding (e.g., ESA 
Section 6, Federal Highway Administration, or Federal Emergency 
Management Agency funding). Section 7 consultation would not be 
required for federal actions that do not affect listed species or 
critical habitat, nor for actions on non-federal and private lands that 
are not carried out, funded, or authorized by a federal agency.

Activities That May Be Affected By Critical Habitat Designation

    ESA section 4(b)(8) requires in any proposed or final regulation to 
designate critical habitat an evaluation and brief description of those 
activities (whether public or private) that may adversely modify such 
habitat or that may be affected by such designation. A wide variety of 
activities may affect designated critical habitat and may be subject to 
the ESA section 7 consultation process when carried out, funded, or 
authorized by a federal agency. These include water and land management 
actions of numerous federal agencies (i.e., Bonneville Power 
Administration, Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA), Bureau of Land 
Management (BLM), Department of Housing and Urban Development, DOD, 
Farm Service Agency, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Federal Highway 
Administration, Federal Railroad Administration, Federal Transit 
Administration, NOAA, National Park Service (NPS), Natural Resource 
Conservation Service, Natural Resources Conservation Service, Nuclear 
Regulatory Commission (NRC), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), U.S. 
Bureau of Reclamation (BOR), U.S. Coast Guard, U.S. Department of 
Energy, U.S. Department of Transportation, U.S. Forest Service (USFS), 
USFWS, and U.S. Geological Survey) and related or similar federally-
regulated projects and activities on federal lands, including 
hydropower sites licensed by the FERC; nuclear power sites licensed by 
the NRC; dams built or operated by the USACE or BOR; timber sales and 
other vegetation management activities conducted by the USFS, BLM and 
BIA; irrigation diversions authorized by the USFS and BLM; and road 
building and maintenance activities authorized by the USFS, BLM, NPS, 
and BIA. Other actions of concern include: Dredging and filling, 
mining, diking, and bank stabilization activities authorized or 
conducted by the USACE; habitat modifications authorized by FEMA; and 
approval of water quality standards and pesticide labeling and use 
restrictions administered by the Environmental Protection Agency.
    Private entities may also be affected by these critical habitat 
designations if a federal permit is required, if federal funding is 
received, or the entity is involved in or receives benefits from a 
federal project. For example, private entities may have special use 
permits to convey water or build access roads across federal land; they 
may require federal permits to construct irrigation withdrawal 
facilities, or build or repair docks; they may obtain water from 
federally funded and operated irrigation projects; or they may apply 
pesticides that are only available with federal agency approval. These 
activities will need to be evaluated with respect to their potential to 
destroy or adversely modify critical habitat for lower Columbia River 
coho and Puget Sound steelhead. Changes to some activities,

[[Page 9274]]

such as the operations of dams and dredging activities, may be 
necessary to minimize or avoid destruction or adverse modification of 
critical habitat. Transportation and utilities sectors may need to 
modify the placement of culverts, bridges, and utility conveyances 
(e.g., water, sewer, and power lines) to avoid barriers to fish 
migration. Developments (e.g., marinas, residential, or industrial 
facilities) occurring in or near streams, estuaries, or marine waters 
designated as critical habitat that require federal authorization or 
funding may need to be altered or built in a manner to ensure that 
critical habitat is not destroyed or adversely modified as a result of 
the construction or subsequent operation of the facility. Questions 
regarding whether specific activities will constitute destruction or 
adverse modification of critical habitat should be directed to NMFS 
(see ADDRESSES and FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT).

Information Quality Act and Peer Review

    The data and analyses supporting this action have undergone a pre-
dissemination review and have been determined to be in compliance with 
applicable information quality guidelines implementing the Information 
Quality Act (IQA) (Section 515 of Pub. L. 106-554). In December 2004, 
the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued a Final Information 
Quality Bulletin for Peer Review pursuant to the IQA. The Bulletin was 
published in the Federal Register on January 14, 2005 (70 FR 2664). The 
Bulletin established minimum peer review standards, a transparent 
process for public disclosure of peer review planning, and 
opportunities for public participation with regard to certain types of 
information disseminated by the Federal Government. The peer review 
requirements of the OMB Bulletin apply to influential or highly 
influential scientific information disseminated on or after June 16, 
2005. Two documents supporting these critical habitat designations are 
considered influential scientific information and subject to peer 
review. These documents are the final biological report (NMFS, 2015a) 
and final economic analysis (NMFS, 2015b). We distributed these 
documents for independent peer review and have addressed all comments 
received in developing the final drafts of the two reports. Both 
documents are available on our Web site at http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/.

Classification

Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.)

    Under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq., as 
amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 
1996), whenever an agency publishes a notice of rulemaking for any 
proposed or final rule, it must prepare and make available for public 
comment a final regulatory flexibility analysis describing the effects 
of the rule on small entities (i.e., small businesses, small 
organizations, and small government jurisdictions). We prepared a final 
regulatory flexibility analysis (which incorporates information from 
the initial regulatory flexibility analysis) as part of the final 
economic analysis (NMFS, 2015b). This document is available upon 
request (see ADDRESSES section above) and can be found on our Web site 
at http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/. The results of the final 
regulatory flexibility analysis are summarized below, organized by 
determinations prescribed in section 604 of the Regulatory Flexibility 
Act (5 U.S.C. 601, et seq.).
    (1) This rule is needed in order to comply with the ESA's 
requirement to designate critical habitat to the maximum extent prudent 
and determinable when species are listed as threatened or endangered. 
The objectives of this action are to help conserve threatened lower 
Columbia River coho and Puget Sound steelhead by identifying critical 
habitat areas, consistent with the best available scientific 
information, that contain the physical and biological features 
essential to the conservation of the species and which may require 
special management considerations or protection. Once designated, this 
critical habitat can be protected through the ESA section 7 
consultation process in which NMFS and federal action agencies review 
the effects of federal actions on the survival and recovery of these 
species.
    (2) We solicited but did not receive comments on our initial 
regulatory flexibility analysis from the public nor from the Chief 
Counsel for Advocacy of the Small Business Administration.
    (3) The impacts to small businesses were assessed for the following 
broad categories of activities: Hydropower, development, in-stream 
work, water supply, federal lands management, transportation, 
utilities, mining, and other activities (including water, sewer, and 
oil/gas pipeline construction). Small entities are defined by the Small 
Business Administration size standards for each activity type. Of 
potentially affected entities, 89 percent are classified as likely to 
be ``small.'' We estimated the annualized costs associated with ESA 
section 7 consultations incurred per small business under two different 
scenarios. We developed these scenarios because unavailable or 
inadequate data leaves some uncertainty surrounding both the numbers of 
entities that will be subject to the rule and the characteristics of 
any impacts on particular entities. Under Scenario 1, our analysis 
estimates the number of small entities located within areas that may be 
affected by the designation (approximately 5,381 for lower Columbia 
River coho, and 12,758 for Puget Sound steelhead), and assumes that 
incremental impacts are distributed evenly across all entities in each 
affected activity category (i.e., an assumption that accounts for 
uncertainties in available data). Under this scenario, for lower 
Columbia River coho, a small entity may bear costs up to $3,430, 
representing less than 0.12 percent of average revenues (depending on 
the activity category). For Puget Sound steelhead, a small entity may 
bear costs up to $1,260, representing less than 0.05 percent of average 
revenues (depending on the activity category).
    Under scenario 2, our analysis assumes costs of each anticipated 
future consultation are borne by a distinct small business 
(approximately 55 entities for lower Columbia River coho, 117 for Puget 
Sound steelhead). Under this scenario, in the range of lower Columbia 
River coho critical habitat, each small entity may bear costs of 
between $1,120 and $31,000, representing between <0.01 and 0.46 percent 
of average annual revenues, depending on the activity category. In the 
range of Puget Sound steelhead critical habitat, each small entity may 
bear costs of between $510 and $5,930, representing between <0.01 and 
0.17 percent of average annual revenues, depending on the activity 
category.
    (4) There are no record-keeping or reporting requirements 
associated with this final rule. Similarly, there are no other 
compliance requirements in the rule. There are no professional skills 
necessary for preparation of any report or record.
    (5) In accordance with the requirements of the Regulatory 
Flexibility Act (as amended by the Small Business Regulatory 
Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996), our analysis considered various 
alternatives to the critical habitat designations for these DPSs. The 
alternative of not designating critical habitat for these DPSs was 
considered and rejected because such an

[[Page 9275]]

approach does not meet the legal requirements of the ESA. We also 
examined and rejected a second alternative in which all the potential 
critical habitat for these two DPSs is designated (i.e., no areas are 
excluded) because some of the areas considered to have a low 
conservation value also had relatively high economic impacts that might 
be mitigated by excluding those areas from designation. A third 
alternative we examined and rejected would exclude all habitat areas 
with a low or medium conservation value. While this alternative 
furthers the goal of reducing economic impacts, it is not sensitive to 
the fact that, for both of these DPSs, eliminating all habitat areas 
with low and medium conservation value is likely to significantly 
impede conservation. Moreover, for some habitat areas the incremental 
economic benefit from excluding that area is relatively small or zero. 
Therefore, after considering these three alternatives in the context of 
the section 4(b)(2) process of weighing benefits of exclusion against 
benefits of designation, we determined that the approach used in this 
final rule (i.e., designating some, but not all, areas with low or 
medium conservation value) provides an appropriate balance of 
conservation and economic mitigation and that excluding the areas 
identified in this rulemaking will not result in extinction of the 
DPSs.

Executive Order 12866

    This final rule has been determined to be not significant under 
Executive Order 12866.

Executive Order 13211

    On May 18, 2001, the President issued an executive order on 
regulations that significantly affect energy supply, distribution, and 
use. Executive Order 13211 requires agencies to prepare Statements of 
Energy Effects when undertaking any action that promulgates or is 
expected to lead to the promulgation of a final rule or regulation that 
(1) is a significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866 and 
(2) is likely to have a significant adverse effect on the supply, 
distribution, or use of energy.
    We have considered the potential impacts of this action on the 
supply, distribution, or use of energy and find the designation of 
critical habitat will not have impacts that exceed the thresholds 
identified above (NMFS, 2015b).

Unfunded Mandates Reform Act (2 U.S.C. 1501 et seq.)

    In accordance with the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act, we make the 
following findings:
    (a) This final rule will not produce a federal mandate. In general, 
a federal mandate is a provision in legislation, statute or regulation 
that would impose an enforceable duty upon state, local, tribal 
governments, or the private sector and includes both ``Federal 
intergovernmental mandates'' and ``Federal private sector mandates.'' 
These terms are defined in 2 U.S.C. 658(5)-(7). ``Federal 
intergovernmental mandate'' includes a regulation that ``would impose 
an enforceable duty upon State, local, or tribal governments'' with two 
exceptions. It excludes ``a condition of Federal assistance.'' It also 
excludes ``a duty arising from participation in a voluntary Federal 
program,'' unless the regulation ``relates to a then-existing Federal 
program under which $500,000,000 or more is provided annually to state, 
local, and tribal governments under entitlement authority,'' if the 
provision would ``increase the stringency of conditions of assistance'' 
or ``place caps upon, or otherwise decrease, the Federal Government's 
responsibility to provide funding'' and the state, local, or tribal 
governments ``lack authority'' to adjust accordingly. (At the time of 
enactment, these entitlement programs were: Medicaid; Aid to Families 
with Dependent Children work programs; Child Nutrition; Food Stamps; 
Social Services Block Grants; Vocational Rehabilitation State Grants; 
Foster Care, Adoption Assistance, and Independent Living; Family 
Support Welfare Services; and Child Support Enforcement.)
    ``Federal private sector mandate'' includes a regulation that 
``would impose an enforceable duty upon the private sector, except (i) 
a condition of Federal assistance; or (ii) a duty arising from 
participation in a voluntary Federal program.'' The designation of 
critical habitat does not impose a legally binding duty on non-federal 
government entities or private parties. Under the ESA, the only 
regulatory effect is that federal agencies must ensure that their 
actions do not destroy or adversely modify critical habitat under 
section 7. While non-federal entities which receive federal funding, 
assistance, permits or otherwise require approval or authorization from 
a federal agency for an action may be indirectly impacted by the 
designation of critical habitat, the legally binding duty to avoid 
destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat rests squarely 
on the federal agency. Furthermore, to the extent that non-federal 
entities are indirectly impacted because they receive federal 
assistance or participate in a voluntary federal aid program, the 
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act would not apply; nor would critical 
habitat shift the costs of the large entitlement programs listed above 
to state governments.
    (b) Due to the existing protection afforded to the critical habitat 
from existing critical habitat for salmon and steelhead (70 FR 52630, 
September 2, 2005), Southern DPS of green sturgeon (74 FR 52300, 
October 9, 2009), bull trout (70 FR 56212, September 26, 2005), and the 
Southern DPS of eulachon (76 FR 65324, October 20, 2011), we do not 
anticipate that this final rule will significantly or uniquely affect 
small governments. As such, a Small Government Agency Plan is not 
required.

Takings

    Under Executive Order 12630, federal agencies must consider the 
effects of their actions on constitutionally protected private property 
rights and avoid unnecessary takings of property. A taking of property 
includes actions that result in physical invasion or occupancy of 
private property, and regulations imposed on private property that 
substantially affect its value or use. In accordance with Executive 
Order 12630, this final rule does not have significant takings 
implications. A takings implication assessment is not required. The 
designation of critical habitat affects only federal agency actions. We 
do not expect the critical habitat designations will impose additional 
burdens on land use or affect property values. Additionally, the 
critical habitat designations do not preclude the development of HCPs 
and issuance of incidental take permits for non-federal actions. Owners 
of areas included within the critical habitat designations would 
continue to have the opportunity to use their property in ways 
consistent with the survival of listed salmon and steelhead.

Federalism

    In accordance with Executive Order 13132, we determined that this 
final rule does not have significant Federalism effects and that a 
Federalism assessment is not required. In keeping with Department of 
Commerce policies, we request information from, and will coordinate 
development of these critical habitat designations with, appropriate 
state resource agencies in Oregon and Washington. The final 
designations may

[[Page 9276]]

have some benefit to state and local resource agencies in that the 
areas essential to the conservation of the species are more clearly 
defined, and the essential features of the habitat necessary for the 
survival of the subject DPSs are specifically identified. It may also 
assist local governments in long-range planning (rather than waiting 
for case-by-case ESA section 7 consultations to occur).

Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes

    Pursuant to Executive Order 13175 and Secretarial Order 3206, we 
contacted the affected Indian Tribes when considering the designation 
of critical habitat in an area that may impact tribal trust resources, 
tribally owned fee lands or the exercise of tribal rights. All of the 
responding tribes expressed concern about the intrusion into tribal 
sovereignty that critical habitat designation represents. These 
concerns are consistent with previous responses from tribes when we 
developed critical habitat designations for salmon and steelhead in 
2005 (70 FR 52630, September 2, 2005). The Secretarial Order defines 
Indian lands as ``any lands title to which is either: (1) Held in trust 
by the United States for the benefit of any Indian tribe or (2) held by 
an Indian Tribe or individual subject to restrictions by the United 
States against alienation.'' Our conversations with the tribes indicate 
that they view the designation of Indian lands as an unwanted intrusion 
into tribal self-governance, compromising the government-to-government 
relationship that is essential to achieving our mutual goal of 
conserving threatened and endangered salmonids.
    For the general reasons described in the Other Relevant Impacts--
Impacts to Tribal Sovereignty and Self-Governance section above, the 
ESA Section 4(b)(2) analysis has led us to exclude all Indian lands in 
our final designations for lower Columbia River coho and Puget Sound 
steelhead.

Civil Justice Reform

    The Department of Commerce has determined that this final rule does 
not unduly burden the judicial system and meets the requirements of 
sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988. We are designating 
critical habitat in accordance with the provisions of the ESA. This 
final rule uses standard property descriptions and identifies the 
essential features within the designated areas to assist the public in 
understanding the habitat needs of lower Columbia River coho and Puget 
Sound steelhead.

Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.)

    This final rule does not contain new or revised information 
collection requirements for which OMB approval is required under the 
Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA). This final rule will not impose 
recordkeeping or reporting requirements on state or local governments, 
individuals, businesses, or organizations. Notwithstanding any other 
provision of the law, no person is required to respond to, nor shall 
any person be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with, a 
collection of information subject to the requirements of the PRA, 
unless that collection of information displays a currently valid OMB 
Control Number.

National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA)

    We have determined that an environmental analysis as provided for 
under NEPA is not required for critical habitat designations made 
pursuant to the ESA. See Douglas County v. Babbitt, 48 F.3d 1495 (9th 
Cir. 1995), cert. denied, 116 S. Ct. 698 (1996).

Coastal Zone Management Act

    Section 307(c)(1) of the Federal Coastal Zone Management Act of 
1972 (16 U.S.C. 1456) requires that all federal activities that affect 
the land or water use or natural resource of the coastal zone be 
consistent with approved state coastal zone management programs to the 
maximum extent practicable. We have determined that these final 
designations of critical habitat are consistent to the maximum extent 
practicable with the enforceable policies of approved Coastal Zone 
Management Programs of Oregon and Washington.

References Cited

    A complete list of all references cited in this rulemaking can be 
found on our Web site at http://www.westcoast.fisheries.noaa.gov/ and 
is available upon request from the NMFS office in Portland, Oregon (see 
ADDRESSES).

List of Subjects

50 CFR Part 223

    Endangered and threatened species, Exports, Transportation.

50 CFR Part 226

    Endangered and threatened species.

    Dated: February 11, 2016.
Samuel D. Rauch, III,
Deputy Assistant Administrator for Regulatory Programs, National Marine 
Fisheries Service.

    For the reasons set out in the preamble, we amend 50 CFR parts 223 
and 226 as follows:

PART 223--THREATENED MARINE AND ANADROMOUS SPECIES

0
1. The authority citation for part 223 continues to read as follows:

    Authority:  16 U.S.C. 1531-1543 and 16 U.S.C 1361 et seq.


0
2. In Sec.  223.102, in the table in paragraph (e) under ``Fishes,'' 
amend the entries for ``Salmon, coho (Lower Columbia River ESU)'' and 
``Steelhead (Puget Sound DPS)'' by adding the cross-references in the 
``Critical habitat'' column to read as follows:


Sec.  223.102  Enumeration of threatened marine and anadromous species.

* * * * *
    (e) * * *

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                             Species \1\
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------  Citation(s) for     Critical
                                                                                       Description of       listing          habitat        ESA rules
                            Common name                              Scientific name   listed entity   determination(s)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
                               Fishes
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
Salmon, coho (Lower Columbia River ESU)............................           * * *            * * *             * * *          226.212           * * *
Steelhead (Puget Sound DPS)........................................           * * *            * * *             * * *          226.212           * * *
 
                                                                      * * * * * * *
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 9277]]

* * * * *

PART 226--DESIGNATED CRITICAL HABITAT

0
3. The authority citation of part 226 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 16 U.S.C. 1533.


0
4. In Sec.  226.212:
0
a. Revise the section heading and introductory text;
0
b. Revise paragraph (a) introductory text;
0
c. Add paragraphs (a)(14) and (15);
0
d. Revise paragraph (c) introductory text and paragraphs (e)(9) and 
(e)(23) and (24);
0
e. Add paragraph (e)(25);
0
f. Revise paragraph (f) introductory text;
0
g. Add paragraphs (f)(1), (f)(2), (f)(5), and (f)(6);
0
h. Redesignate paragraphs (g) and (h) as paragraphs (f)(3) and (f)(4);
0
i. Revise newly redesignated paragraphs (f)(3) and (f)(4);
0
j. Redesignate paragraphs (i) through (u) as paragraphs (g) through 
(s); and
0
i. Add paragraphs (t) and (u).
    The revisions and additions read as follows:


Sec.  226.212  Critical habitat for 15 Distinct Population Segments 
(DPSs) of salmon and steelhead (Oncorhynchus spp.) in Washington, 
Oregon and Idaho.

    Critical habitat is designated in the following states and counties 
for the following DPSs as described in paragraph (a) of this section, 
and as further described in paragraphs (b) through (g) of this section. 
The textual descriptions of critical habitat for each DPS are included 
in paragraphs (i) through (w) of this section, and these descriptions 
are the definitive source for determining the critical habitat 
boundaries. General location maps are provided at the end of each DPS 
description (paragraphs (i) through (w) of this section) and are 
provided for general guidance purposes only, and not as a definitive 
source for determining critical habitat boundaries.
    (a) Critical habitat is designated for the following DPSs in the 
following states and counties:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  DPS                                 * * *
------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
                              * * * * * * *
(14) Lower Columbia River coho salmon..  (i) OR--Clackamas, Clatsop,
                                          Columbia, Hood River, Marion,
                                          and Multnomah.
                                         (ii) WA--Clark, Cowlitz,
                                          Klickitat, Lewis, Pacific,
                                          Skamania, and Wahkiakum.
(15) Puget Sound steelhead.............  WA--Clallam, Jefferson, King,
                                          Kitsap, Mason, Pierce, Skagit,
                                          Snohomish, Thurston, and
                                          Whatcom.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *
    (c) Primary constituent elements. Within these areas, the primary 
constituent elements essential for the conservation of these DPSs are 
those sites and habitat components that support one or more life 
stages, including:
* * * * *
    (e) * * *
    (9) Fort Lewis (Joint Base Lewis-McChord--Army and Air Force);
* * * * *
    (23) Dabob Bay/Whitney Point naval restricted area;
    (24) Port Townsend/Indian Island/Walan Point naval restricted area; 
and
    (25) Naval Base Kitsap.
    (f) Land covered by an approved Habitat Conservation Plan. Critical 
habitat does not include any areas subject to an approved incidental 
take permit issued by NMFS under section 10(a)(1)(B) of the ESA. The 
specific sites addressed include those associated with the following 
Habitat Conservation Plans:
    (1) Washington Department of Natural Resources--West of Cascades
    (2) Washington State Forest Practices, except those lands on the 
Kitsap Peninsula overlapping with areas occupied by Puget Sound 
steelhead and not classified as being in an approved or renewed status 
by the Washington Department of Natural Resources as of September 2015.
    (3) Green Diamond Company.
    (4) West Fork Timber Company.
    (5) City of Kent.
    (6) J.L. Storedahl and Sons.
* * * * *
    (t) Lower Columbia River Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch). 
Critical habitat is designated to include the areas defined in the 
following subbasins:
    (1) Middle Columbia-Hood Subbasin 17070105--(i) East Fork Hood 
River Watershed 1707010506. Outlet(s) = Hood River (Lat 45.605237, Long 
-121.633264); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Bear Creek (45.491952, -
121.648262); Cat Creek (45.470499, -121.555174); Dog River (45.447412, 
-121.567406); East Fork Hood River (45.310783, -121.626954); East Fork 
Hood River (45.412671, -121.570369); Evans Creek (45.486998, -
121.590438); Graham Creek (45.551655, -121.567021); Griswell Creek 
(45.522055, -121.577151); Pinnacle Creek (45.460671, -121.656379); 
Pocket Creek (45.302362, -121.597799); Tony Creek (45.540932, -
121.644048); Yellowjacket Creek (45.502652, -121.561138).
    (ii) West Fork Hood River Watershed 1707010507. Outlet(s) = West 
Fork Hood River (Lat 45.605237, Long -121.633264); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Green Point Creek (45.590219, -121.681893); McGee Creek 
(45.443322, -121.774845).
    (iii) Hood River Watershed 1707010508. Outlet(s) = Hood River (Lat 
45.712335, Long -121.508062); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Lenz Creek 
(45.627282, -121.527217); Unnamed (45.695827, -121.499524); Hood River 
(45.605237, -121.633264); Neal Creek (45.589032, -121.495443); West 
Fork Neal Creek (45.589791, -121.50157); Whiskey Creek (45.682589, -
121.507362).
    (iv) White Salmon River Watershed 1707010509. Outlet(s) = White 
Salmon River (Lat 45.722453, Long -121.522507); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: White Salmon River (45.767475, -121.538582).
    (v) Little White Salmon River Watershed 1707010510. Outlet(s) = 
Little White Salmon River (Lat 45.709771, -121.648828); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Little White Salmon River (45.721722, -121.640905).
    (vi) Wind River Watershed 1707010511. Outlet(s) = Wind River (Lat 
45.708031, Long -121.7937); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Little Wind 
River (45.764902, -121.743713); Wind River (45.738012, -121.805768).
    (vii) Middle Columbia/Grays Creek Watershed 1707010512. Outlet(s) = 
Columbia River (Lat 45.704232, Long -121.799197); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.709771, -121.648828); Unnamed (45.71305, -
121.765469); Unnamed (45.717006, -121.775974); Unnamed (45.724676,

[[Page 9278]]

-121.733359); Dog Creek (45.711575, -121.670928); Gorton Creek 
(45.691091, -121.773139); Columbia River (45.712335, -121.508062); 
Lindsey Creek (45.686538, -121.716427); Perham Creek (45.694389, -
121.636322); Viento Creek (45.697116, -121.668995).
    (viii) Middle Columbia/Eagle Creek Watershed 1707010513. Outlet(s) 
= Unnamed (Lat 45.644489, Long -121.940679); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Unnamed (45.665271, -121.8177); Unnamed (45.667271, -121.849896); 
Unnamed (45.668788, -121.845446); Unnamed (45.681125, -121.861863); 
Unnamed (45.710132, -121.845697); Camp Creek (45.667436, -121.817935); 
Carson Creek (45.715784, -121.820829); Columbia River (45.704232, -
121.799197); Eagle Creek (45.636481, -121.918349); East Fork Herman 
Creek (45.653835, -121.814038); Herman Creek (45.65053, -121.819282); 
Kanaka Creek (45.703936, -121.886202); Nelson Creek (45.70486, -
121.863199); Ruckel Creek (45.646027, -121.920243).
    (2) Lower Columbia-Sandy Subbasin 17080001--(i) Salmon River 
Watershed 1708000101. Outlet(s) = Salmon River (Lat 45.247288, Long -
121.897384); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.294351, -
121.93992); Unnamed (45.327567, -121.964685); Unnamed (45.333577, -
121.954887); Unnamed (45.343325, -121.993355); Bighorn Creek 
(45.261413, -121.920687); Boulder Creek (45.344594, -122.022551); 
Cheeney Creek (45.298138, -121.966984); Copper Creek (45.250573, -
121.906523); Salmon River (45.250793, -121.903932); South Fork Salmon 
River (45.262376, -121.94569); Welches Creek (45.322357, -121.96209); 
Little Cheney Creek (45.315925, -121.957706).
    (ii) Zigzag River Watershed 1708000102. Outlet(s) = Zigzag River 
(Lat 45.348502, Long -121.945268); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(45.264488, -121.835176); Unnamed (45.309925, -121.867436); Little 
Zigzag Canyon (45.313577, -121.804646); Camp Creek (45.304981, -
121.813197); Cool Creek (45.292765, -121.884534); Henry Creek 
(45.328447, -121.895142); Lady Creek (45.319762, -121.823709); Still 
Creek (45.266162, -121.82967); Wind Creek (45.298307, -121.856182); 
Zigzag River (45.326883, -121.779753).
    (iii) Upper Sandy River Watershed 1708000103. Outlet(s) = Sandy 
River (Lat 45.348695, -121.945224); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(45.375211, -121.831255); Unnamed (45.381082, -121.827389); Unnamed 
(45.38147, -121.902185); Unnamed (45.394711, -121.794578); Unnamed 
(45.399767, -121.901436); Unnamed (45.37727, -121.865508); Unnamed 
(45.393118, -121.862562); Unnamed (45.388254, -121.908771); Cast Creek 
(45.38071, -121.858383); Clear Creek (45.398769, -121.855261); Clear 
Fork (45.402752, -121.848249); Little Clear Creek (45.379681, -
121.914907); Lost Creek (45.372028, -121.818608); Minikahda Creek 
(45.36933, -121.94042); Sandy River (45.388349, -121.842458); Short 
Creek (45.376861, -121.863405).
    (iv) Middle Sandy River Watershed 1708000104. Outlet(s) = Sandy 
River (Lat 45.446429, Long -122.248369); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (45.37949, -122.03096); Unnamed (45.386346, -122.036698); 
Unnamed (45.371975, -122.039565); Unnamed (45.380525, -122.033513); 
Alder Creek (45.376772, -122.100846); Bear Creek (45.336648, -
121.927798); Cedar Creek (45.404272, -122.252578); Hackett Creek 
(45.352288, -121.951609); North Boulder Creek (45.384502, -122.014263); 
Whisky Creek (45.377566, -122.128088); Wildcat Creek (45.370157, -
122.077485).
    (v) Bull Run River Watershed 1708000105. Outlet(s) = Bull Run River 
(Lat 45.445672, -122.247943); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Bull Run 
River (45.449500, -122.1536); Little Sandy River (45.408124, -
122.066052).
    (vi) Washougal River Watershed 1708000106. Outlet(s) = Washougal 
River (Lat 45.581011, Long -122.408885); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (45.58717, -122.413316); Unnamed (45.600016, -122.332175); 
Unnamed (45.611824, -122.242999); Unnamed (45.612809, -122.324998); 
Unnamed (45.620381, -122.345921); Unnamed (45.626874, -122.34346); 
Unnamed (45.627736, -122.256085); Unnamed (45.629474, -122.247482); 
Unnamed (45.638035, -122.292731); Unnamed (45.647483, -122.367738); 
Unnamed (45.648358, -122.334455); Unnamed (45.650547, -122.157413); 
Unnamed (45.653255, -122.275218); Unnamed (45.657929, -122.220622); 
Unnamed (45.659093, -122.207653); Unnamed (45.6692, -122.156539); 
Unnamed (45.670112, -122.34117); Unnamed (45.672008, -122.173594); 
Unnamed (45.674178, -122.299555); Unnamed (45.683465, -122.334825); 
Unnamed (45.696755, -122.315224); Unnamed (45.700417, -122.32238); 
Unnamed (45.708896, -122.266302); Unnamed (45.708947, -122.252235); 
Unnamed (45.720695, -122.249333); Unnamed (45.729294, -122.195616); 
Cougar Creek (45.651259, -122.268846); Dougan Creek (45.67684, -
122.153333); East Fork Little Washougal River (45.672014, -122.283888); 
Jackson Creek (45.675271, -122.254193); Jones Creek (45.689112, -
122.291063); Lacamas Creek (45.597039, -122.394477); Texas Creek 
(45.689165, -122.187421); Washougal River (45.67269, -122.153567); West 
Fork Washougal River (45.733609, -122.214819); Wildboy Creek (45.671, -
122.218436); Winkler Creek (45.632735, -122.261321); Hagen Creek 
(45.706875, -122.25864); Little Washougal River (45.676574, -
122.342287); Little Washougal River (45.653083, -122.347546); Winkler 
Creek (45.631081, -122.26165).
    (vii) Columbia Gorge Tributaries Watershed 1708000107. Outlet(s) = 
Columbia River (Lat 45.573261, Long -122.397377); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.548138, -122.351565); Unnamed (45.588566, -
122.294521); Unnamed (45.590912, -122.2823); Unnamed (45.593653, -
122.144297); Unnamed (45.596322, -122.298126); Unnamed (45.602186, -
122.045501); Unnamed (45.603278, -122.117957); Unnamed (45.60427, -
122.114465); Unnamed (45.604686, -122.111908); Unnamed (45.608658, -
122.034755); Unnamed (45.618526, -122.046564); Unnamed (45.627848, -
122.059877); Unnamed (45.644489, -121.940679); Unnamed (45.648055, -
121.973672); Unnamed (45.648286, -121.937896); Unnamed (45.651152, -
121.948423); Unnamed (45.663009, -121.945288); Unnamed (45.668112, -
121.944275); Unnamed (45.705738, -122.030562); Unnamed (45.706583, -
122.030264); Unnamed (45.712761, -122.031391); Bridal Veil Creek 
(45.554125, -122.180231); Campen Creek (45.588421, -122.32304); Coopey 
Creek (45.56249, -122.165304); Duncan Creek (45.668084, -122.087311); 
Gibbons Creek (45.578553, -122.280402); Greenleaf Creek (45.680477, -
121.961898); Hamilton Creek (45.724649, -122.025155); Hardy Creek 
(45.637053, -122.006906); Horsetail Creek (45.588381, -122.068121); 
Indian Mary Creek (45.626983, -122.08352); Latourell Creek (45.54047, -
122.218884); Lawton Creek (45.57449, -122.251177); Little Creek 
(45.644317, -122.037293); McCord Creek (45.611378, -121.994145); 
Moffett Creek (45.618491, -121.967182); Multnomah Creek (45.575938, -
122.115489); Oneonta Creek (45.582044, -122.072688); Tanner Creek 
(45.629297, -121.954011); Tumalt Creek (45.609963, -122.029615); 
Wahkeena Creek (45.573123, -122.126812); Walton Creek

[[Page 9279]]

(45.575513, -122.26303); Woodward Creek (45.632266, -122.044788); Young 
Creek (45.546713, -122.198337); Hardy Creek (45.633735, -121.99603).
    (viii) Lower Sandy River Watershed 1708000108. Outlet(s) = Sandy 
River (Lat 45.574301, Long -122.380188); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (45.553991, -122.377876); Beaver Creek (45.497368, -
122.360034); Big Creek (45.506685, -122.297833); Buck Creek (45.497012, 
-122.277464); Cat Creek (45.489237, -122.238503); Gordon Creek 
(45.502328, -122.181652); Kelly Creek (45.513162, -122.396503); Middle 
Fork Beaver Creek (45.488652, -122.352533); Sandy River (45.446429, -
122.248369); Trout Creek (45.481334, -122.27692).
    (ix) Salmon Creek Watershed 1708000109. Outlet(s) = Unnamed (Lat 
45.608827, Long -122.628396); Unnamed (45.782133, -122.770935); Unnamed 
(45.79137, -122.779096); Lake River (45.842318, -122.780058); Unnamed 
(45.583634, -122.493678); Unnamed (45.725544, -122.762187); Unnamed 
(45.708956, -122.765945); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(45.597056, -122.48085); Unnamed (45.618497, -122.625455); Unnamed 
(45.692522, -122.750865); Unnamed (45.705359, -122.654729); Unnamed 
(45.736541, -122.738658); Unnamed (45.740616, -122.457587); Unnamed 
(45.741057, -122.541219); Unnamed (45.745405, -122.701278); Unnamed 
(45.750243, -122.641509); Unnamed (45.751664, -122.635603); Unnamed 
(45.758152, -122.697981); Unnamed (45.759293, -122.753826); Unnamed 
(45.760094, -122.420422); Unnamed (45.760678, -122.510984); Unnamed 
(45.763086, -122.392563); Unnamed (45.766128, -122.402833); Unnamed 
(45.768661, -122.410137); Unnamed (45.768856, -122.458956); Unnamed 
(45.771241, -122.481058); Unnamed (45.77272, -122.42969); Unnamed 
(45.779683, -122.608053); Unnamed (45.783976, -122.432545); Unnamed 
(45.785031, -122.709594); Unnamed (45.788669, -122.739027); Unnamed 
(45.796251, -122.438508); Unnamed (45.801421, -122.517285); Unnamed 
(45.807105, -122.454757); Unnamed (45.807885, -122.425007); Unnamed 
(45.808519, -122.754502); Unnamed (45.813822, -122.449343); Unnamed 
(45.817459, -122.771105); Unnamed (45.827212, -122.764666); Burnt 
Bridge Creek (45.660818, -122.511162); Cold Canyon (45.663287, -
122.66699); Cougar Canyon Creek (45.707212, -122.682567); Curtin Creek 
(45.684387, -122.586094); Flume Creek (45.779893, -122.71596); Lalonde 
Creek (45.707849, -122.642314); Little Salmon Creek (45.784979, -
122.421225); Mill Creek (45.77898, -122.566195); Morgan Creek 
(45.751434, -122.446616); Mud Creek (45.731816, -122.478143); Packard 
Creek (45.757922, -122.699539); Rock Creek (45.815043, -122.456123); 
Salmon Creek (45.757766, -122.424507); Weaver Creek (45.793553, -
122.495211); Whipple Creek (45.734817, -122.657695).
    (3) Lewis Subbasin 17080002--(i) Upper Lewis River Watershed 
1708000201. Outlet(s) = Lewis River (Lat 46.069463, Long -122.006838); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Big Creek (46.094659, -121.913097); 
Chickoon Creek (46.148528, -121.878749); Crab Creek (46.141771, -
121.890849); Curly Creek (46.057396, -121.970510); Cussed Hollow 
(46.148088, -121.904757); Lewis River (46.154732, -121.880642); Little 
Creek (46.071497, -121.911930); Pepper Creek (46.076039, -121.986316); 
Rush Creek (46.050925, -121.905817); Spencer Creek (46.143417, -
121.910603).
    (ii) Muddy River Watershed 1708000202. Outlet(s) = Muddy River (Lat 
46.069463, Long -122.006838); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Clear Creek 
(46.210439, -121.951602); Clearwater Creek (46.208811, -122.016938); 
Muddy River (46.180853, -122.070616); Smith Creek (46.229009, -
122.091210).
    (iii) Swift Reservoir Watershed 1708000203. Outlet(s) = Lewis River 
(46.061988, -122.192687); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(46.067280, -122.031517); Unnamed (46.030884, -122.025805); Unnamed 
(46.021441, -122.094836); Unnamed (46.076975, -122.134548); Unnamed 
(46.096016, -122.067449); Drift Creek (45.992711, -122.064320); Lewis 
River (46.069463, -122.006838); Marble Creek (46.075248, -122.138077); 
Pine Creek (46.123411, -122.079154); Range Creek (46.028641, -
122.121759); Swift Creek (46.090717, -122.205248).
    (iv) Yale Reservoir Watershed 1708000204. Outlet(s) = Lewis River 
(Lat 45.966180, Long -122.334825); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Dog 
Creek (46.061456, -122.317143); Cougar Creek (46.071149, -122.269881); 
Lewis River (46.061988, -122.192687); Ole Creek (46.049968, -
122.239259); Panamaker Creek (46.076309, -122.298414); Rain Creek 
(46.041972, -122.204391).
    (v) East Fork Lewis River Watershed 1708000205. Outlet(s) = Gee 
Creek (Lat 45.846474, Long -122.784009); East Fork Lewis River 
(45.865974, -122.720015); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(45.780025, -122.60805); Unnamed (45.794783, -122.698153); Unnamed 
(45.801134, -122.682844); Unnamed (45.804692, -122.580745); Unnamed 
(45.807413, -122.629756); Unnamed (45.814729, -122.56657); Unnamed 
(45.816914, -122.575875); Unnamed (45.822904, -122.708092); Unnamed 
(45.823983, -122.639331); Unnamed (45.828994, -122.605197); Unnamed 
(45.835126, -122.485374); Unnamed (45.836667, -122.650975); Unnamed 
(45.837829, -122.469846); Unnamed (45.846989, -122.749763); Unnamed 
(45.847364, -122.649785); Unnamed (45.848031, -122.441525); Unnamed 
(45.849976, -122.524001); Unnamed (45.853522, -122.598543); Unnamed 
(45.855146, -122.593372); Unnamed (45.859839, -122.612419); Unnamed 
(45.861417, -122.70149); Unnamed (45.866041, -122.5784); Unnamed 
(45.866516, -122.575586); Unnamed (45.867718, -122.647281); Unnamed 
(45.869512, -122.678967); Unnamed (45.872474, -122.647396); Unnamed 
(45.875583, -122.487609); Unnamed (45.881115, -122.478516); Unnamed 
(45.905677, -122.519797); Allen Creek (45.827926, -122.698134); Basket 
Creek (45.832585, -122.459163); Brezee Creek (45.880461, -122.655871); 
East Fork Lewis River (45.839345, -122.447538); Gee Creek (45.791622, -
122.674464); Jenny Creek (45.870366, -122.700692); Lockwood Creek 
(45.8722, -122.612928); Mason Creek (45.865932, -122.544237); McCormick 
Creek (45.851953, -122.691964); Riley Creek (45.872133, -122.62657); 
Unnamed Creek (45.843693, -122.648975).
    (vi) Lower Lewis River Watershed 1708000206. Outlet(s) = Lewis 
River (Lat 45.855546, Long -122.775762); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (45.870633, -122.756138); Unnamed (45.88666, -122.723102); 
Unnamed (45.892632, -122.422093); Unnamed (45.893766, -122.438283); 
Unnamed (45.901311, -122.727541); Unnamed (45.919994, -122.535139); 
Unnamed (45.920149, -122.456867); Unnamed (45.920747, -122.693543); 
Unnamed (45.923838, -122.424899); Unnamed (45.924295, -122.37431); 
Unnamed (45.928026, -122.689314); Unnamed (45.929363, -122.504918); 
Unnamed (45.939172, -122.41088); Unnamed (45.941429, -122.704591); 
Unnamed (45.942762, -122.671288); Unnamed (45.943605, -122.620229); 
Unnamed (45.944513, -122.644954); Unnamed (45.947599, -122.643073); 
Bitter Creek (45.913105, -122.460482); Brush Creek (45.927783, -
122.468661); Cedar Creek (45.906562, -122.381815); Chelatchie Creek 
(45.935564, -122.379567); Colvin Creek (45.939847, -122.609332); 
Houghton Creek (45.951179, -122.634346); John Creek

[[Page 9280]]

(45.943278, -122.477146); Johnson Creek (45.953443, -122.61949); Lewis 
River (45.966180, -122.334825); North Fork Chelatchie Creek (45.945494, 
-122.393811); Pup Creek (45.948425, -122.525655); Robinson Creek 
(45.936812, -122.725723); Ross Creek (45.94883, -122.703391); Staples 
Creek (45.942126, -122.667681).
    (4) Lower Columbia-Clatskanie Subbasin 17080003--(i) Kalama River 
Watershed 1708000301. Outlet(s) = Burris Creek (Lat 45.892513, Long -
122.790279); Bybee Creek (45.966376, -122.816532); Kalama River 
(46.03393, -122.870595); Mill Creek (45.95816, -122.803634); 
Schoolhouse Creek (45.978378, -122.829247); Unnamed (45.999928, -
122.848159); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.903312, -
122.780386); Unnamed (45.934119, -122.781977); Unnamed (45.977147, -
122.825526); Unnamed (45.993614, -122.813527); Unnamed (46.043843, -
122.856105); Burke Creek (45.94516, -122.775084); Burke Slough 
(45.924545, -122.797017); Burris Creek (45.932376, -122.743342); Bybee 
Creek (45.969366, -122.814717); Cedar Creek (46.03313, -122.812264); 
Hatchery Creek (46.049047, -122.801448); Indian Creek (46.049668, -
122.752333); Indian Creek (46.0452, -122.752907); Kalama River 
(46.025868, -122.739474); Mill Creek (45.961948, -122.795944); 
Schoolhouse Creek (45.981238, -122.825927); Spencer Creek (46.025203, -
122.829696).
    (ii) Beaver Creek/Columbia River Watershed 1708000302. Outlet(s) = 
Beaver Slough (Lat 46.121253, Long -123.22089); Fox Creek (46.092512, -
122.938467); Goble Creek (46.020615, -122.876532); Green Creek 
(46.166661, -123.099119); Tide Creek (45.994307, -122.866712); upstream 
to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.914995, -122.870367); Unnamed 
(45.985132, -122.928842); Unnamed (46.0165, -122.963794); Unnamed 
(46.019529, -122.944997); Unnamed (45.919698, -122.809782); Beaver 
Creek (46.104384, -123.124089); Fox Creek (46.069709, -122.937725); 
Goble Creek (46.006921, -122.989536); Green Creek (46.143721, -
123.074477); McBride Creek (45.889718, -122.827703); Merrill Creek 
(45.908708, -122.887674); North Fork Stewart Creek (46.134963, -
123.142788); South Fork Goble Creek (45.967146, -122.912205); Stewart 
Creek (46.121924, -123.134473); Tide Creek (45.998871, -123.005909).
    (iii) Clatskanie River Watershed 1708000303. Outlet(s) = Beaver 
Slough (Lat 46.139926, Long -123.230807); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (45.871279, -123.016852); Unnamed (46.057, -123.256303); 
Unnamed (46.095794, -123.22606); Beaver Slough (46.121253, -123.22089); 
Carcus Creek (45.988589, -123.087952); Clatskanie River (45.878919, -
122.9959); Conyers Creek (46.056042, -123.241614); Dribble Creek 
(45.902229, -123.009241); Fall Creek (46.10887, -123.212892); Keystone 
Creek (46.075658, -123.145555); Little Clatskanie River (45.914012, -
122.995923); Merril Creek (46.081981, -123.187026); Miller Creek 
(46.043933, -123.146664); North Fork Clatskanie River (46.028796, -
123.052308); Page Creek (46.04337, -123.126689); Perkins Creek 
(46.045692, -123.202675).
    (iv) Germany/Abernathy Watershed 1708000304. Outlet(s) = Abernathy 
Creek (46.190946, -123.16764); Coal Creek Slough (46.189618, -
123.116548); Germany Creek (46.190472, -123.124221); Mill Creek (Lat 
46.188644, Long -123.175717); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(46.174387, -123.284405); Unnamed (46.177806, -123.244713); Unnamed 
(46.179048, -123.28534); Unnamed (46.179783, -123.014957); Unnamed 
(46.199235, -123.017367); Unnamed (46.209772, -123.250435); Unnamed 
(46.210569, -123.02174); Unnamed (46.2212, -123.233862); Unnamed 
(46.230005, -123.243579); Unnamed (46.23735, -123.217724); Unnamed 
(46.257704, -123.211771); Unnamed (46.260394, -123.156937); Unnamed 
(46.282123, -123.215419); Unnamed (46.28956, -123.229955); Unnamed 
(46.302937, -123.18012); Unnamed (46.30502, -123.175317); Unnamed 
(46.313744, -123.186815); Unnamed (46.315329, -123.111068); Unnamed 
(46.318441, -123.123571); Unnamed (46.329631, -123.132487); Abernathy 
Creek (46.298183, -123.20799); Cameron Creek (46.266183, -123.196747); 
Coal Creek (46.214039, -123.020114); Erick Creek (46.283486, -
123.165659); Germany Creek (46.323938, -123.150029); Harmony Creek 
(46.191588, -123.045625); Hunter Creek (46.200371, -123.277768); Midway 
Creek (46.280132, -123.179387); North Fork Mill Creek (46.237142, -
123.227829); Ordway Creek (46.312588, -123.1944); Slide Creek 
(46.251167, -123.180153); South Fork Mill Creek (46.184454, -
123.282779); Spruce Creek (46.19379, -123.270758); Wiest Creek 
(46.27626, -123.159368).
    (v) Skamokawa/Elochoman Watershed 1708000305. Outlet(s) = Birnie 
Creek (Lat 46.200249, Long -123.388149); Elochoman River (46.22667, -
123.400822); Jim Crow Creek (46.266028, -123.552297); Skamokawa Creek 
(46.268566, -123.45637); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(46.225162, -123.303945); Unnamed (46.242407, -123.369715); Unnamed 
(46.264248, -123.311602); Unnamed (46.268968, -123.328113); Unnamed 
(46.27795, -123.384622); Unnamed (46.281109, -123.369818); Unnamed 
(46.294907, -123.320218); Unnamed (46.299508, -123.553063); Unnamed 
(46.30403, -123.499255); Unnamed (46.30564, -123.54826); Unnamed 
(46.320411, -123.244937); Unnamed (46.320842, -123.35815); Unnamed 
(46.325433, -123.281587); Unnamed (46.328108, -123.296011); Unnamed 
(46.33764, -123.44219); Unnamed (46.337892, -123.462614); Unnamed 
(46.34415, -123.256674); Unnamed (46.347782, -123.392349); Unnamed 
(46.349787, -123.211987); Unnamed (46.351596, -123.313042); Unnamed 
(46.35173, -123.19359); Unnamed (46.360802, -123.261039); Unnamed 
(46.364365, -123.276383); Unnamed (46.368463, -123.242642); Unnamed 
(46.377205, -123.262108); Unnamed (46.382024, -123.242299); Unnamed 
(46.386679, -123.223722); Unnamed (46.303663, -123.365059); Unnamed 
(46.311328, -123.478976); Unnamed (46.306534, -123.546046); Beaver 
Creek (46.216566, -123.297152); Bell Canyon Creek (46.288173, -
123.405772); Birnie Creek (46.204016, -123.384532); Cadman Creek 
(46.302299, -123.508597); Clear Creek (46.260761, -123.300874); Duck 
Creek (46.265653, -123.337856); East Fork Elochoman River (46.378345, -
123.193512); Falk Creek (46.321532, -123.381397); Fink Creek 
(46.276734, -123.570228); Jim Crow Creek (46.312074, -123.539923); 
Kelly Creek (46.32257, -123.48111); Left Fork Skamokawa Creek 
(46.339453, -123.470344); Longtain Creek (46.25861, -123.369188); 
McDonald Creek (46.346651, -123.382328); Nelson Creek (46.257717, -
123.35252); North Fork Elochoman River (46.375393, -123.284959); Otter 
Creek (46.388034, -123.217495); Pollard Creek (46.307613, -123.412558); 
Quarry Creek (46.337806, -123.42712); Risk Creek (46.25136, -
123.399855); Rock Creek (46.277795, -123.275871); Standard Creek 
(46.333628, -123.357041); West Fork Elochoman River (46.351711, -
123.329823); West Fork Skamokawa Creek (46.327805, -123.498954); West 
Valley Creek (46.291358, -123.51591); Wilson Creek (46.31583, -
123.328008); Unnamed Creek (46.306534, -123.546046); Unnamed Creek 
(46.311328, -123.478976); Unnamed Creek

[[Page 9281]]

(46.386679, -123.223722); Unnamed Creek (46.303663, -123.365059).
    (vi) Plympton Creek Watershed 1708000306. Outlet(s) = Hunt Creek 
(Lat 46.202277, Long -123.445724); Westport Slough (46.143868, -
123.383472); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Eilertsen Creek (46.099706, -
123.328684); Graham Creek (46.09157, -123.277339); Hunt Creek 
(46.120882, -123.428478); Ok Creek (46.099703, -123.321777); Olsen 
Creek (46.101357, -123.360299); Plympton Creek (46.127423, -
123.391111); Ross Creek (46.108505, -123.368667); Tandy Creek 
(46.102255, -123.293854); West Creek (46.121298, -123.373425); Westport 
Slough (46.124151, -123.245135).
    (5) Upper Cowlitz Subbasin 17080004--(i) Headwaters Cowlitz River 
Watershed 1708000401. Outlet(s) = Cowlitz River (Lat 46.657731, Long -
121.604374); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.675388, -
121.580086); Clear Fork Cowlitz River (46.684326, -121.568004); Muddy 
Fork Cowlitz River (46.696095, -121.617841); Ohanapecosh River 
(46.68812, -121.582120); Purcell Creek (46.671171, -121.587667).
    (ii) Upper Cowlitz River Watershed 1708000402. Outlet(s) = Cowlitz 
River (46.576161, -121.706256); Johnson Creek (Lat 46.575836, Long -
121.705564); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.62375, -
121.671832); Unnamed (46.641142, -121.654691); Unnamed (46.654671, -
121.631508); Unnamed (46.692847, -121.803752); Butter Creek (46.646075, 
-121.675424); Coal Creek (46.643541, -121.611604); Cowlitz River 
(46.657731, -121.604374); Hall Creek (46.60701, -121.662269); Hinkle 
Tinkle Creek (46.651852, -121.63912); Johnson Creek (46.555366, -
121.639734); Lake Creek (46.623804, -121.61673); Skate Creek 
(46.684892, -121.806283).
    (iii) Cowlitz Valley Frontal Watershed 1708000403. Outlet(s) = 
Cowlitz River (Lat 46.476278, Long -122.096306); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.489922, -122.083268); Unnamed (46.518735, -
121.858756); Burton Creek (46.541954, -121.750428); Cowlitz River 
(46.576161, -121.706256); Cunningham Creek (46.512691, -121.844636); 
Davis Creek (46.527807, -121.827406); Dry Creek (46.560084, -
121.705732); Garrett Creek (46.523043, -121.773614); Hampton Creek 
(46.537971, -121.939923); Hopkin Creek (46.53512, -121.841854); Johnson 
Creek (Lat 46.575836, Long -121.705564); Kilborn Creek (46.507622, -
121.801739); Kiona Creek (46.564304, -122.049702); Miller Creek 
(46.539348, -121.960377); Oliver Creek (46.543328, -121.993492); Peters 
Creek (46.538087, -121.983762); Schooley Creek (46.500722, -
121.964414); Sethe Creek (46.534578, -121.867518); Siler Creek 
(46.492992, -121.911187); Silver Creek (46.55632, -121.91673); Smith 
Creek (46.561932, -121.693911); Surrey Creek (46.543475, -121.888707); 
Willame Creek (46.580526, -121.733077).
    (iv) Upper Cispus River Watershed 1708000404. Outlet(s) = Cispus 
River (Lat 46.443752, Long -121.798269); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Cispus River (46.344891, -121.68424); East Canyon Creek (46.347337, -
121.703867); North Fork Cispus River (46.435538, -121.657768); Twin 
Creek (46.374273, -121.729578).
    (v) Lower Cispus River Watershed 1708000405. Outlet(s) = Cispus 
River (Lat 46.476761, Long -122.095709); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (46.430554, -121.825682); Unnamed (46.455387, -121.954511); 
Unnamed (46.465418, -121.958732); Unnamed (46.452951, -122.046625); 
Ames Creek (46.466423, -121.918257); Camp Creek (46.449033, -
121.832281); Cispus River (Lat 46.443752, Long -121.798269); Copper 
Canyon Creek (46.467296, -122.082101); Covell Creek (46.431961, -
121.851825); Crystal Creek (46.445224, -122.024601); Dry Creek 
(46.452466, -121.852225); Greenhorn Creek (46.421576, -121.905397); 
Iron Creek (46.38938, -121.971317); McCoy Creek (46.389343, -
121.822002); Quartz Creek (46.42561, -122.053071); Woods Creek 
(46.475527, -121.949635); Yellowjacket Creek (46.386924, -121.834674).
    (6) Cowlitz Subbasin 17080005--(i) Tilton River Watershed 
1708000501. Outlet(s) = Tilton River (Lat 46.543356, Long -122.533164); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.588777, -122.17989); Unnamed 
(46.608368, -122.314024); Unnamed (46.595355, -122.27852); Coal Creek 
(46.573383, -122.243464); Connelly Creek (46.603783, -122.316111); Coon 
Creek (46.615117, -122.275972); Eagle Creek (46.653164, -122.259058); 
East Fork Tilton River (46.594049, -122.170519); Jesse Creek 
(46.644485, -122.414873); Johnson Creek (46.531381, -122.237744); 
Little Creek (46.666231, -122.404381); Minnie Creek (46.539791, -
122.234089); Nineteen Creek (46.599433, -122.22251); Otter Creek 
(46.620348, -122.409391); Rockies Creek (46.642452, -122.399153); Snow 
Creek (46.620326, -122.266924); South Fork Tilton Creek (46.564501, -
122.161837); Tilton River (46.624549, -122.215133); Trout Creek 
(46.65834, -122.25936); Wallanding Creek (46.621001, -122.372088); West 
Fork Tilton River (46.658406, -122.308887); Winnie Creek (46.654766, -
122.420066).
    (ii) Riffe Reservoir Watershed 1708000502. Outlet(s) = Cowlitz 
River (Lat 46.5031, Long -122.588332); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Cowlitz River (46.476278, -122.096306); Winston Creek (46.459003, -
122.370859).
    (iii) Jackson Prairie Watershed 1708000503. Outlet(s) = Cowlitz 
River (Lat 46.367511, Long -122.934945); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (46.383522, -122.679974); Unnamed (46.383941, -122.725937); 
Unnamed (46.385081, -122.705907); Unnamed (46.387856, -122.695831); 
Unnamed (46.39224, -122.75946); Unnamed (46.399666, -122.898638); 
Unnamed (46.400754, -122.733303); Unnamed (46.409488, -122.589866); 
Unnamed (46.410097, -122.680278); Unnamed (46.410422, -122.708726); 
Unnamed (46.411433, -122.756574); Unnamed (46.413363, -122.783988); 
Unnamed (46.417067, -122.637699); Unnamed (46.424466, -122.818117); 
Unnamed (46.427206, -122.613403); Unnamed (46.428381, -122.643499); 
Unnamed (46.429253, -122.83625); Unnamed (46.431112, -122.808741); 
Unnamed (46.440469, -122.519079); Unnamed (46.445258, -122.867273); 
Unnamed (46.449715, -122.529087); Unnamed (46.450991, -122.871663); 
Unnamed (46.472774, -122.686245); Unnamed (46.488493, -122.807753); 
Unnamed (46.517532, -122.654378); Unnamed (46.5309, -122.820885); 
Unnamed (46.533357, -122.758003); Unnamed (46.542935, -122.748007); 
Unnamed (46.464970, -122.610288); Unnamed (46.448115, -122.654992); 
Unnamed (46.442894, -122.667057); Unnamed (46.442944, -122.700366); 
Unnamed (46.465822, -122.580513); Unnamed (46.449279, -122.605026); 
Bear Creek (46.463967, -122.913037); Blue Creek (46.488339, -
122.726491); Brights Creek (46.496407, -122.605179); Cedar Creek 
(46.482264, -122.580944); Coon Creek (46.445182, -122.895851); Cougar 
Creek (46.393389, -122.795962); Cowlitz River (46.5031, -122.588332); 
Foster Creek (46.40711, -122.890926); Hopkey Creek (46.459049, -
122.554437); Jones Creek (46.518881, -122.675281); Lacamas Creek 
(46.556204, -122.688969); Little Salmon Creek (46.439872, -122.747395); 
Mill Creek (46.517371, -122.622126); Mill Creek (46.502438, -
122.803167); North Fork Cedar Creek (46.462224, -122.673900); Otter 
Creek (46.479854, -122.700841); Pin Creek (46.411782, -122.832479); 
Rapid Creek (46.432098, -122.547553); Skook Creek

[[Page 9282]]

(46.474731, -122.757751); Unnamed Creek (46.515124, -122.681226).
    (iv) North Fork Toutle River Watershed 1708000504. Outlet(s) = 
North Fork Toutle River (Lat 46.371819, Long -122.585848); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.292893, -122.508359); Unnamed (46.294391, -
122.526416); Unnamed (46.317597, -122.321791); Unnamed (46.321385, -
122.488684); Unnamed (46.331761, -122.316562); Bear Creek (46.309744, -
122.430749); Hoffstadt Creek (46.319718, -122.325454).
    (v) Green River Watershed 1708000505. Outlet(s) = North Fork Toutle 
River (Lat 46.366681, Long -122.587092); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (46.332935, -122.298073); Unnamed (46.33485, -122.279213); 
Unnamed (46.355641, -122.205783); Unnamed (46.359811, -122.326801); 
Unnamed (46.373265, -122.389499); Unnamed (46.38427, -122.434721); 
Unnamed (46.387374, -122.488301); Unnamed (46.402102, -122.555537); 
Unnamed (46.40583, -122.542922); Unnamed (46.408718, -122.507384); 
Unnamed (46.410468, -122.431267); Unnamed (46.412392, -122.451557); 
Unnamed (46.416538, -122.283286); Unnamed (46.42, -122.292272); Unnamed 
(46.422599, -122.304017); Unnamed (46.428205, -122.267496); Beaver 
Creek (46.405735, -122.568826); Cascade Creek (46.417916, -122.331675); 
Devils Creek (46.401481, -122.409722); Elk Creek (46.41719, -
122.250256); Green River (46.394118, -122.205161); Jim Creek 
(46.388361, -122.526853); Miners Creek (46.349143, -122.194242); Shultz 
Creek (46.344058, -122.275039); Tradedollar Creek (46.376142, -
122.23987).
    (vi) South Fork Toutle River Watershed 1708000506. Outlet(s) = 
Toutle River (Lat 46.329223, Long -122.725131); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Unnamed (46.185704, -122.299471); Unnamed (46.186193, -122.40715); 
Unnamed (46.188524, -122.445753); Unnamed (46.199665, -122.471338); 
Unnamed (46.201636, -122.296552); Unnamed (46.206594, -122.331284); 
Unnamed (46.21036, -122.431482); Unnamed (46.21081, -122.427763); 
Unnamed (46.210915, -122.428229); Unnamed (46.211429, -122.279573); 
Unnamed (46.215533, -122.347972); Unnamed (46.223287, -122.327701); 
Unnamed (46.223773, -122.524201); Unnamed (46.226916, -122.337898); 
Unnamed (46.227233, -122.373391); Unnamed (46.238958, -122.490827); 
Unnamed (46.243346, -122.38038); Unnamed (46.245202, -122.629903); 
Unnamed (46.258398, -122.534433); Unnamed (46.260587, -122.550523); 
Unnamed (46.261618, -122.571707); Unnamed (46.268347, -122.577391); 
Unnamed (46.287125, -122.685581); Unnamed (46.292576, -122.659948); 
Unnamed (46.295532, -122.596926); Unnamed (46.296678, -122.585207); 
Unnamed (46.297388, -122.614534); Unnamed (46.310391, -122.606122); 
Unnamed (46.311754, -122.626346); Unnamed (46.312178, -122.704274); 
Unnamed (46.321553, -122.649148); Bear Creek (46.187484, -122.431406); 
Big Wolf Creek (46.225469, -122.567295); Brownell Creek (46.280407, -
122.649708); Disappointment Creek (46.213614, -122.309153); Eighteen 
Creek (46.244881, -122.600184); Harrington Creek (46.247692, -
122.419362); Johnson Creek (46.306181, -122.579585); Sheep Canyon 
(46.206343, -122.268258); South Fork Toutle River (46.209387, -
122.263037); Studebaker Creek (46.28238, -122.681733); Thirteen Creek 
(46.237634, -122.624229); Trouble Creek (46.182362, -122.387761); 
Twenty Creek (46.232994, -122.5836); North Fork Toutle River 
(46.328728, -122.722386); Whitten Creek (46.203701, -122.502013).
    (vii) East Willapa Watershed 1708000507. Outlet(s) = Cowlitz River 
(46.265795, -122.915793); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(46.241179, -122.990022); Unnamed (46.247733, -123.018044); Unnamed 
(46.247998, -122.777916); Unnamed (46.260464, -122.956364); Unnamed 
(46.263008, -123.020122); Unnamed (46.263983, -122.930316); Unnamed 
(46.266093, -122.981616); Unnamed (46.27194, -122.770063); Unnamed 
(46.281159, -122.760238); Unnamed (46.287658, -122.906283); Unnamed 
(46.289048, -122.963514); Unnamed (46.302765, -123.0657); Unnamed 
(46.307415, -122.93938); Unnamed (46.313054, -122.816361); Unnamed 
(46.314382, -122.943084); Unnamed (46.314535, -123.010247); Unnamed 
(46.315942, -122.865345); Unnamed (46.317235, -122.896545); Unnamed 
(46.319898, -122.814207); Unnamed (46.320644, -122.892218); Unnamed 
(46.322067, -122.814053); Unnamed (46.32332, -122.859461); Unnamed 
(46.323446, -122.886965); Unnamed (46.326968, -123.025803); Unnamed 
(46.328758, -122.817082); Unnamed (46.329235, -122.909613); Unnamed 
(46.334118, -122.817188); Unnamed (46.334241, -123.017807); Unnamed 
(46.336993, -122.893299); Unnamed (46.337756, -122.611236); Unnamed 
(46.337802, -122.940117); Unnamed (46.339026, -122.940678); Unnamed 
(46.343885, -122.762274); Unnamed (46.34681, -122.946071); Unnamed 
(46.348905, -122.769029); Unnamed (46.349667, -123.053432); Unnamed 
(46.350564, -122.799855); Unnamed (46.358221, -123.038147); Unnamed 
(46.358277, -122.791338); Unnamed (46.3604, -122.696281); Unnamed 
(46.360599, -122.736153); Unnamed (46.36403, -123.005163); Unnamed 
(46.36632, -122.634646); Unnamed (46.366869, -122.89658); Unnamed 
(46.368123, -122.894117); Unnamed (46.374172, -122.622494); Unnamed 
(46.375592, -123.099965); Unnamed (46.380427, -122.610242); Unnamed 
(46.38163, -122.883768); Unnamed (46.38939, -123.065756); Unnamed 
(46.394019, -122.98067); Unnamed (46.401297, -123.028366); Unnamed 
(46.41997, -123.040973); Unnamed (46.428911, -123.047482); Unnamed 
(46.43562, -123.045801); Unnamed (46.437797, -122.999776); Unnamed 
(46.460336, -123.01792); Unnamed (46.472152, -122.999706); Unnamed 
(46.508924, -122.885928); Unnamed (46.522845, -122.854611); Unnamed 
(46.534744, -122.980706); Unnamed (46.537092, -122.823206); Unnamed 
(46.543646, -122.855197); Arkansas Creek (46.334118, -123.054814); 
Baxter Creek (46.335963, -122.985106); Becker Creek (46.366541, -
123.077711); Brim Creek (46.444408, -123.040408); Campbell Creek 
(46.345799, -123.069223); Cline Creek (46.339582, -122.856216); Cowlitz 
River (46.367511, -122.934945); Cowlitz River (46.280749, -122.908759); 
Cowlitz River (46.270301, -122.918872); Curtis Creek (46.479675, -
122.978296); Delameter Creek (46.27323, -123.020718); Duffy Creek 
(46.436886, -122.972934); Ferrier Creek (46.469037, -122.92969); 
Hemlock Creek (46.258298, -122.728132); Hill Creek (46.385982, -
122.887561); King Creek (46.528608, -123.017282); Monahan Creek 
(46.304091, -123.062738); North Fork Brim Creek (46.461931, -
123.022977); North Fork Toutle River (46.366681, -122.587092); Olequa 
Creek (46.522827, -122.88994); Owens Creek (46.39917, -123.045965); 
Rock Creek (46.347737, -122.815672); Rock Creek (46.36466, -
122.979025); Snow Creek (46.448627, -122.9822); Stankey Creek 
(46.325726, -122.827854); Stillwater Creek (46.376492, -123.114458); 
Sucker Creek (46.257038, -122.763973); Toutle River (46.329223, -
122.725131); Tucker Creek (46.256345, -123.017401); Whittle Creek 
(46.313257, -122.951576); Unnamed Creek (46.365968, -123.078372); 
Unnamed Creek (46.366574, -122.6278); Unnamed

[[Page 9283]]

Creek (46.322752, -122.727564); Unnamed Creek (46.358525, -122.749069); 
Wyant Creek (46.348562, -122.655808).
    (viii) Coweeman Watershed 1708000508. Outlet(s) = Cowlitz River 
(Lat 46.09677, Long -122.917179); Owl Creek (46.076672, -122.869072); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.07177, -122.861942); Unnamed 
(46.080968, -122.726324); Unnamed (46.082482, -122.722033); Unnamed 
(46.08384, -122.719656); Unnamed (46.103901, -122.735682); Unnamed 
(46.11823, -122.725869); Unnamed (46.128746, -122.897993); Unnamed 
(46.133211, -122.702488); Unnamed (46.134412, -122.877742); Unnamed 
(46.134559, -122.874501); Unnamed (46.137294, -122.570127); Unnamed 
(46.140549, -122.616015); Unnamed (46.142157, -122.858404); Unnamed 
(46.142862, -122.813885); Unnamed (46.143869, -122.609969); Unnamed 
(46.147673, -122.866141); Unnamed (46.151541, -122.875978); Unnamed 
(46.157716, -122.6488); Unnamed (46.162608, -122.527406); Unnamed 
(46.164373, -122.573871); Unnamed (46.16697, -122.62965); Unnamed 
(46.169603, -122.912787); Unnamed (46.173346, -122.82947); Unnamed 
(46.174933, -122.844098); Unnamed (46.175151, -122.934081); Unnamed 
(46.175276, -122.532665); Unnamed (46.175583, -122.668586); Unnamed 
(46.180534, -122.898644); Unnamed (46.181396, -122.766774); Unnamed 
(46.183838, -122.820311); Unnamed (46.188804, -122.78364); Unnamed 
(46.193597, -122.911471); Unnamed (46.196887, -122.713022); Unnamed 
(46.20058, -122.827779); Unnamed (46.201892, -122.695345); Unnamed 
(46.202726, -122.560647); Unnamed (46.213243, -122.666442); Unnamed 
(46.217243, -122.951394); Unnamed (46.219673, -122.838549); Unnamed 
(46.220679, -122.889953); Unnamed (46.223168, -122.968869); Unnamed 
(46.226103, -122.771549); Unnamed (46.226208, -122.803239); Unnamed 
(46.237678, -122.887353); Unnamed (46.242901, -122.885918); Baird Creek 
(46.194037, -122.549476); Brown Creek (46.138569, -122.581603); Butler 
Creek (46.148896, -122.518149); Coweeman River (46.150297, -122.51847); 
Cowlitz River (46.265795, -122.915793); Goble Creek (46.109525, -
122.68388); Hill Creek (46.178271, -122.600223); Jim Watson Creek 
(46.177642, -122.74165); Leckler Creek (46.231526, -122.948175); Little 
Baird Creek (46.190281, -122.572141); Mulholland Creek (46.201136, -
122.646167); Nineteen Creek (46.140604, -122.623774); North Fork Goble 
Creek (46.136853, -122.680068); Nye Creek (46.121737, -122.805205); 
Ostrander Creek (46.210956, -122.764306); Owl Creek (46.091102, -
122.865692); Owl Creek (46.076526, -122.861672); Salmon Creek 
(46.254572, -122.885114); Sam Smith Creek (46.165941, -122.725633); 
Sandy Bend Creek (46.231734, -122.915112); Skipper Creek (46.169104, -
122.577264); South Fork Ostrander Creek (46.184505, -122.826132); 
Turner Creek (46.116534, -122.816196).
    (7) Lower Columbia Subbasin 17080006--(i) Youngs River Watershed 
1708000601. Outlet(s) = Lewis and Clark River (Lat 46.157276, Long -
123.8567); Adair Slough (46.164573, -123.890158); Youngs River 
(46.168659, -123.838128); Skipanon Waterway (46.183693, -123.907231); 
Alder Creek (46.183694, -123.923138); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Unnamed (45.961144, -123.760693); Unnamed (45.975677, -123.784472); 
Unnamed (45.987168, -123.864135); Unnamed (46.075646, -123.74625); 
Unnamed (46.074307, -123.722161); Unnamed (46.081494, -123.687949); 
Unnamed (46.098839, -123.782036); Unnamed (46.101257, -123.777885); 
Unnamed (46.101582, -123.791448); Unnamed (46.104561, -123.790689); 
Unnamed (46.105278, -123.778981); Unnamed (46.115179, -123.862193); 
Unnamed (46.11823, -123.798015); Unnamed (46.125146, -123.900778); 
Unnamed (46.133731, -123.821982); Unnamed (46.155148, -123.772037); 
Unnamed (46.163155, -123.798112); Unnamed (45.956438, -123.752083); 
Unnamed (45.992690, -123.779916); Unnamed (46.079767, -123.848993); 
Unnamed (46.081156, -123.752043); Unnamed (46.098781, -123.713321); 
Unnamed (46.11386, -123.748487); Abercrombie Creek (46.087084, -
123.88937); Adair Slough (46.153356, -123.897783); Alder Creek 
(46.171207, -123.933132); Barrett Slough (46.12204, -123.85348); Binder 
Creek (46.142527, -123.821985); Binder Slough (46.121358, -123.819543); 
Brown Creek (46.172014, -123.806343); Casey Slough (46.115066, -
123.815982); Cullaby Slough (46.022576, -123.880488); Green Slough 
(46.124806, -123.869053); Heckard Creek (46.057636, -123.87837); 
Hortill Creek (46.056683, -123.839636); Jeffers Slough (46.14965, -
123.85163); Johnson Slough (46.071237, -123.882259); Klickitat Creek 
(46.049861, -123.842997); Lewis and Clark River (45.953527, -
123.731398); Little Wallooskee River (46.140199, -123.737638); Loowit 
Creek (46.022396, -123.832364); Middle Fork North Fork Klaskanine River 
(46.061237, -123.638614); Moosmoos Creek (46.074807, -123.777539); 
North Fork Klaskanine River (46.048838, -123.636273); North Fork North 
Fork Klaskanine River (46.097739, -123.674883); Peterson Slough 
(46.10793, -123.85242); Shweeash Creek (46.019839, -123.839507); South 
Fork Klaskanine River (46.048461, -123.713622); South Fork Lewis and 
Clark River (45.981399, -123.841473); Speelyai Creek (46.032437, -
123.83321); Stowebolt Creek (46.060439, -123.825132); Tucker Creek 
(46.075512, -123.824939); Wallooskee River (46.104416, -123.699695); 
Youngs River (46.06718, -123.789692).
    (ii) Big Creek Watershed 1708000602. Outlet(s) = Hillcrest Creek 
(Lat 46.171377, Long -123.655493); Bear Creek (46.1716, -123.665605); 
Marys Creek (46.173116, -123.668452); Fertile Valley Creek (46.188744, 
-123.588332); Blind Slough (46.20114, -123.584906); Big Creek 
(46.184561, -123.596303); John Day River (46.181573, -123.7404); Little 
Ferris Creek (46.158288, -123.629531); Mill Creek (46.19298, -
123.759637); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.067847, -
123.49896); Unnamed (46.155656, -123.731589); Unnamed (46.176667, -
123.477624); Unnamed (46.180584, -123.796858); Unnamed (46.199516, -
123.501455); Unnamed (46.211835, -123.534242); Unnamed (46.213817, -
123.557667); Unnamed (46.219749, -123.496059); Unnamed (46.183645, -
123.484347); Bear Creek (46.122269, -123.636516); Big Creek (46.068744, 
-123.477937); Big Noise Creek (46.160378, -123.50188); Blind Slough 
(46.230154, -123.5256); Coon Creek (46.072977, -123.551698); Davis 
Creek (46.193487, -123.48968); Elk Creek (46.057446, -123.531954); 
Fertile Valley Creek (46.180229, -123.574191); McNary Creek (46.131584, 
-123.45871); Grizzly Slough (46.209179, -123.551962); Hillcrest Creek 
(46.155615, -123.633555); John Day River (46.151824, -123.718295); Gnat 
Creek (46.134382, -123.492375); Little Bear Creek (46.11197, -
123.661934); Little Creek (46.138483, -123.606302); Marys Creek 
(46.136519, -123.685932); Mill Creek (46.143237, -123.582679); Mud 
Creek (46.089977, -123.55188); Pigpen Creek (46.102416, -123.559042); 
Saspal Slough (46.213023, -123.5376); Supply Creek (46.163644, -
123.538404).
    (iii) Grays Bay Watershed 1708000603. Outlet(s) = Unnamed (Lat 
46.242128, Long -123.884815); Unnamed (46.242369, -123.889547); Unnamed 
(46.246062, -123.909891);

[[Page 9284]]

Unnamed (46.249228, -123.863946); Unnamed (46.259183, -123.852059); 
Unnamed (46.260409, -123.850081); Unnamed (46.261711, -123.842086); 
Unnamed (46.269817, -123.830183); Crooked Creek (46.296355, -
123.677056); Sisson Creek (46.301761, -123.72555); Chinook River 
(46.303571, -123.968574); Grays River (46.306824, -123.685025); Deep 
River (46.310771, -123.714286); Wallacut River (46.315209, -
124.020283); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (46.252832, -
123.906587); Unnamed (46.255601, -123.883337); Unnamed (46.257057, -
123.892766); Unnamed (46.261834, -123.877718); Unnamed (46.26971, -
123.872478); Unnamed (46.272099, -123.863261); Unnamed (46.272788, -
123.855154); Unnamed (46.273099, -123.847441); Unnamed (46.273923, -
123.833921); Unnamed (46.27462, -123.841297); Unnamed (46.282558, -
123.76132); Unnamed (46.289926, -123.938085); Unnamed (46.296119, -
123.751262); Unnamed (46.305607, -123.945919); Unnamed (46.320823, -
123.638104); Unnamed (46.332306, -123.674913); Unnamed (46.349054, -
123.563997); Unnamed (46.362133, -123.397387); Unnamed (46.367197, -
123.661101); Unnamed (46.370018, -123.661652); Unnamed (46.383643, -
123.54663); Unnamed (46.3861, -123.399009); Unnamed (46.389563, -
123.443531); Unnamed (46.398896, -123.603127); Unnamed (46.409223, -
123.563384); Unnamed (46.40988, -123.591182); Unnamed (46.414991, -
123.598881); Unnamed (46.419132, -123.377411); Unnamed (46.4231, -
123.465561); Unnamed (46.427724, -123.449351); Unnamed (46.428912, -
123.389161); Unnamed (46.429717, -123.393596); Unnamed (46.429964, -
123.55265); Unnamed (46.432969, -123.434984); Unnamed (46.435352, -
123.530908); Unnamed (46.440181, -123.389495); Unnamed (46.440236, -
123.539966); Unnamed (46.445599, -123.389398); Unnamed (46.453434, -
123.501054); Unnamed (46.466604, -123.486435); Unnamed (46.472739, -
123.394404); Unnamed (46.478038, -123.431439); Beaver Creek (46.401593, 
-123.550548); Blaney Creek (46.403572, -123.442837); Cabin Creek 
(46.44222, -123.485741); Campbell Creek (46.358257, -123.709343); 
Chinook River (46.274479, -123.902553); Crooked Creek (46.313288, -
123.59644); Deep River (46.354054, -123.688621); East Fork Grays River 
(46.42414, -123.36983); Empi Creek (46.31383, -123.638514); Fossil 
Creek (46.354523, -123.484306); Grays River (46.491024, -123.4354); 
Hendrickson Canyon (46.373524, -123.664774); Hendrickson Creek 
(46.361368, -123.655366); Honey Creek (46.375646, -123.603913); Hull 
Creek (46.405494, -123.57846); Impie Creek (46.318309, -123.617177); 
Johnson Creek (46.463847, -123.502087); Kessel Creek (46.33321, -
123.586047); King Creek (46.34008, -123.577604); Klints Creek 
(46.352885, -123.546067); Lassila Creek (46.330703, -123.717849); 
Malone Creek (46.362725, -123.638537); Mitchell Creek (46.457074, -
123.405992); North Fork South Fork Crooked Creek (46.302415, -
123.588653); Rangila Slough (46.379454, -123.663919); Salme Creek 
(46.345311, -123.727176); Seal Creek (46.330013, -123.666112); Shannon 
Creek (46.397758, -123.544779); Silver Creek (46.361718, -123.606566); 
Sisson Creek (46.326508, -123.744171); South Creek (46.298871, -
123.634124); South Fork Crooked Creek (46.291379, -123.594068); South 
Fork Grays River (46.378555, -123.338976); Sweigiler Creek (46.421912, 
-123.519244); Thadbar Creek (46.338413, -123.617861); Wallacut River 
(46.320188, -124.009121); West Fork Grays River (46.45098, -123.56517); 
Unnamed Creek (46.30366, -123.59053).
    (8) Clackamas Subbasin 17090011--(i) Collawash River Watershed 
1709001101. Outlet(s) = Collowash River (Lat 45.032022, Long -
122.061189); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Collawash River (44.950761, -
122.036265); Fan Creek (44.990371, -122.070099); Farm Creek (44.964523, 
-122.056455); Hot Springs Fork (44.938225, -122.172924); Nohorn Creek 
(44.951768, -122.178914); Pansy Creek (44.961276, -122.142173); Thunder 
Creek (44.971026, -122.114357).
    (ii) Upper Clackamas River Watershed 1709001102. Outlet(s) = 
Clackamas River (Lat 45.032073, Long -122.060326); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (44.921586, -121.891779); Unnamed (44.946758, -
121.870376); Unnamed (44.965941, -121.890584); Unnamed (44.984829, -
121.88591); Unnamed (45.00955, -121.913461); Unnamed (45.009742, -
121.911448); Berry Creek (44.842515, -121.913476); Clackamas River 
(44.872157, -121.84842); Cub Creek (44.840609, -121.886756); Fawn Creek 
(44.918888, -121.906568); Hunter Creek (44.892373, -121.929425); Kansas 
Creek (44.983299, -121.898876); Last Creek (44.971428, -121.855763); 
Lowe Creek (44.950581, -121.911761); Pinhead Creek (44.947076, -
121.856905); Pot Creek (45.018321, -121.903626); Rhododendron Creek 
(44.935961, -121.905497); Wall Creek (44.954634, -121.88565); Wolf 
Creek (45.009327, -121.896447); Unnamed Creek (44.939221, -121.896788).
    (iii) Oak Grove Fork Clackamas River Watershed 1709001103. 
Outlet(s) = Oak Grove Fork Clackamas River (Lat 45.074631, Long -
122.053402); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Oak Grove Fork Clackamas River 
(45.082079, -121.987346); Pint Creek (45.083562, -122.037835).
    (iv) Middle Clackamas River Watershed 1709001104. Outlet(s) = 
Clackamas River (Lat 45.243027, Long -122.28019); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Big Creek (45.071509, -122.07317); Clackamas River 
(45.032073, -122.060326); Fish Creek (45.063717, -122.160481); North 
Fork Clackamas River (45.238149, -122.218497); Oak Grove Fork Clackamas 
River (45.074631, -122.053402); Mag Creek (45.058467, -122.049959); 
Roaring River (45.181144, -122.060589); Sandstone Creek (45.088154, -
122.075766); South Fork Clackamas River (45.193817, -122.226266); Tag 
Creek (45.060352, -122.048674); Tar Creek (45.049246, -122.058186); 
Trout Creek (45.037826, -122.073273); Wash Creek (45.047152, -
122.190238); Whale Creek (45.110262, -122.085444).
    (v) Eagle Creek Watershed 1709001105. Outlet(s) = Eagle Creek (Lat 
45.353023, Long -122.38235); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed 
(45.306541, -122.253481); Bear Creek (45.333888, -122.257969); Currin 
Creek (45.337212, -122.357579); Delph Creek (45.266726, -122.169986); 
Eagle Creek (45.276382, -122.200963); Little Eagle Creek (45.301454, -
122.167019); North Fork Eagle Creek (45.315132, -122.116618); Trout 
Creek (45.330806, -122.124752).
    (vi) Lower Clackamas River Watershed 1709001106. Outlet(s) = 
Clackamas River (Lat 45.372568, Long -122.607652); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.258538, -122.299446); Unnamed (45.350086, -
122.487187); Unnamed (45.367637, -122.306895); Unnamed (45.377873, -
122.36847); Unnamed (45.405591, -122.323467); Unnamed (45.411148, -
122.302642); Bargfeld Creek (45.319393, -122.440978); Clackamas River 
(45.243027, -122.28019); Clear Creek (45.202385, -122.314579); Deep 
Creek (45.341779, -122.281223); Foster Creek (45.377099, -122.440414); 
Goose Creek (45.361912, -122.356092); Little Clear Creek (45.194779, -
122.32996); Little Clear Creek (45.279953, -122.406729); Mosier Creek 
(45.268224, -122.452581); North Fork Deep Creek (45.426893, -
122.304417);

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Richardson Creek (45.409345, -122.450358); Rock Creek (45.41554, -
122.502566); Tickle Creek (45.391446, -122.27456).
    (9) Lower Willamette Subbasin 17090012--(i) Johnson Creek Watershed 
1709001201. Outlet(s) = Johnson Creek (Lat 45.443607, Long -
122.646568); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (45.395793, -
122.637786); Unnamed (45.479793, -122.637275); Unnamed (45.400038, -
122.643353); Unnamed (45.427915, -122.679059); Unnamed (45.482333, -
122.416496); Unnamed (45.483664, -122.416638); Unnamed (45.485757, -
122.422255); Unnamed (45.490889, -122.423876); Badger Creek (45.459757, 
-122.386165); Crystal Springs Creek (45.481991, -122.636282); Hogan 
Creek (45.479786, -122.417896); Johnson Creek (45.462435, -122.305859); 
Kellogg Creek (45.416585, -122.599025); Kelly Creek (45.467217, -
122.484045); Mount Scott Creek (45.430427, -122.557033); Oswego Creek 
(45.410712, -122.662215); Sunshine Creek (45.462297, -122.398193); 
Tryon Creek (45.453787, -122.691186); Willamette River (45.372568, -
122.607652)).
    (ii) Scappoose Creek Watershed 1709001202. Outlet(s) = Multnomah 
Channel (Lat 45.618917, Long -122.796356); Multnomah Channel 
(45.856115, -122.795022); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Brush Creek 
(45.811623, -122.98903); Cox Creek (45.857229, -122.945231); Dart Creek 
(45.880546, -122.886563); Deep Creek (45.789148, -122.918002); Fall 
Creek (45.80123, -122.93963); Gourlay Creek (45.725088, -122.960632); 
Lazy Creek (45.745352, -122.992007); Lizzie Creek (45.824543, -
122.994287); McCarthy Creek (45.616212, -122.859047); McNulty Creek 
(45.836482, -122.859642); Miller Creek (45.611495, -122.812947); Milton 
Creek (45.910301, -122.975949); North Scappoose Creek (45.826402, -
123.0147); Raymond Creek (45.72705, -122.929237); Salmon Creek 
(45.867532, -122.901361); Scappoose Bay (45.790852, -122.876349); South 
Scappoose Creek (45.76167, -123.011604); Sturgeon Lake (45.72323, -
122.79232); Sturgeon Lake (45.749815, -122.802752); Sturgeon Lake 
(45.725503, -122.830343); Wolf Creek (45.746648, -122.949214).
    (iii) Columbia Slough/Willamette River Watershed 1709001203. 
Outlet(s) = Willamette River (Lat 45.653521, Long -122.764965); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Swan Island Basin (45.565019, -122.713073); 
Columbia Slough (45.583522, -122.647913); Unnamed (45.615235, -
122.740691); Unnamed (45.627985, -122.754739); Willamette River 
(45.372568, -122.607652).
    (10) Lower Columbia River Corridor--Lower Columbia River 
Corridor.Outlet(s) = Columbia River (Lat 46.2485, Long -124.0782) 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Columbia River (Lat 45.605237, Long -
121.633264).
    (11) Maps of proposed critical habitat for the lower Columbia River 
coho salmon DPS follow:
BILLING CODE 3510-22-P

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BILLING CODE 3510-22-C
    (u) Puget Sound Steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Critical habitat 
is designated to include the areas defined in the following subbasins:
    (1) Strait Of Georgia Subbasin 17110002--(i) Bellingham Bay 
1711000201. Outlet(s) = Chuckanut

[[Page 9297]]

Creek (Lat 48.700204, Long -122.4949); Colony Creek (48.596632, -
122.419321); Padden Creek (48.720212, -122.507267); Squalicum Creek 
(48.761135, -122.508464); Unnamed (48.614316, -122.441055); Whatcom 
Creek (48.754617, -122.482672); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Chuckanut 
Creek (48.695855, -122.459009); Colony Creek (48.595012, -122.368655); 
Padden Creek (48.716119, -122.492112); Squalicum Creek (48.800413, -
122.401884); Toad Creek (48.790221, -122.420404); Unamed (48.61781, -
122.439544); Unnamed (48.694566, -122.460342); Unnamed (48.749891, -
122.443697); Unnamed (48.776621, -122.485934); Unnamed (48.798187, -
122.478488); Unnamed (48.804196, -122.480665); Unnamed (48.808622, -
122.395832); Unnamed (48.81125, -122.390305); Unnamed (48.818485, -
122.394634); Whatcom Creek (48.755728, -122.439609).
    (ii) Samish River Watershed 1711000202. Outlet(s) = Samish River 
(Lat 48.554929, Long -122.456811); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Bear 
Creek (48.636953, -122.378411); Butler Creek (48.604896, -122.321047); 
Doolittle Creek (48.636011, -122.217771); Dry Creek (48.59728, -
122.276992); Ennis Creek (48.656411, -122.192383); Friday Creek 
(48.648567, -122.371833); Parson Creek (48.601221, -122.282987); Silver 
Creek (48.64571, -122.329513); Swede Creek (48.558933, -122.226206); 
Thomas Creek (48.547551, -122.26923); Thunder Creek (48.597861, -
122.214046); Unnamed (48.547031, -122.265845); Unnamed (48.601928, -
122.266484); Unnamed (48.60898, -122.23177); Unnamed (48.624483, -
122.220011); Unnamed (48.635349, -122.312454); Unnamed (48.636660, -
122.376452); Unnamed (48.684736, -122.198027); Vernon Creek (48.592764, 
-122.243096).
    (iii) Birch Bay 1711000204. Outlet(s) = California Creek (Lat 
48.96192, Long -122.732814); Dakota Creek (48.971842, -122.723798); 
Terrell Creek (48.921475, -122.745208); Unnamed (48.937195, -
122.752893); upstream to endpoint(s) in: California Creek (48.894356, -
122.608319); Haynie Creek (48.991982, -122.649909); North Fork Dakota 
Creek (48.984477, -122.568636); South Fork Dakota Creek (48.946745, -
122.620945); Terrell Creek (48.873999, -122.688964); Unnamed (48.89583, 
-122.753422); Unnamed (48.937989, -122.750521); Unnamed (48.971309, -
122.626164); Unnamed (48.975408, -122.668197); Unnamed (48.984629, -
122.692849); Unnamed (48.986989, -122.701077); Unnamed (48.992777, -
122.604054).
    (2) Nooksack Subbasin 17110004--(i) Upper North Fork Nooksack River 
Watershed 1711000401. Outlet(s) = Canyon Creek (Lat 48.90661, Long -
121.989864); North Fork Nooksack River (48.90561, -121.987814); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Canyon Creek (48.922933, -121.966384); 
Cascade Creek (48.898964, -121.863499); Cornell Creek (48.88507, -
121.95911); Deadhorse Creek (48.902507, -121.837147); Gallop Creek 
(48.883100, -121.947200); Glacier Creek (48.831251, -121.903097); 
Hedrick Creek (48.89601, -121.971728); Little Creek (48.882629, -
121.937123); North Fork Nooksack River (48.905296, -121.8089); Thompson 
Creek (48.892411, -121.880668); West Cornell Creek (48.882149, -
121.967178); Unnamed (48.83788, -121.90421); Unnamed (48.844181, -
121.897301); Unnamed (48.891500, -121.967668); Unnamed (48.902338, -
121.849472); Unnamed (48.90707, -121.83948).
    (ii) Middle Fork Nooksack River Watershed 1711000402. Outlet(s) = 
Canyon Creek (Lat 48.835008, Long -122.153051); Middle Fork Nooksack 
River (48.833037, 122.153128); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Canyon Creek 
(48.841923, -122.103727); Heislers Creek (48.778707, -122.092743); 
Middle Fork Nooksack River (48.771145, -122.072977); Porter Creek 
(48.794092, -122.103694); Unnamed (48.779218, -122.121048); Unnamed 
(48.780767, -122.116975); Unnamed (48.787472, -122.12477); Unnamed 
(48.820768, -122.122144).
    (iii) South Fork Nooksack River Watershed 1711000403. Outlet(s) = 
South Fork Nooksack River (Lat 48.807821, Long -122.20252); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Bell Creek (48.69622, -121.87518); Cavanaugh Creek 
(48.644428, -122.110678); Deer Creek (48.603978, -122.092479); Hard 
Scrabble Falls Creek (48.759936, -122.22864); Howard Creek (48.612814, 
-121.966548); Hutchinson Creek (48.722661, -122.098154); Jones Creek 
(48.715065, -122.215748); Loomis Creek (48.665079, -121.815934); 
Mccarty Creek (48.727377, -122.219879); Mcginnis Creek (48.61109, -
121.958839); Plumbago Creek (48.607449, -122.097919); Skookum Creek 
(48.68695, -122.104163); Standard Creek (48.74615, -122.224446); 
Sygitowicz Creek (48.772017, -122.228041); Unnamed (48.599197, -
122.073063); Unnamed (48.600525, -122.039331); Unnamed (48.600658, -
122.022203); Unnamed (48.60222, -122.059486); Unnamed (48.602513, -
122.016247); Unnamed (48.602549, -122.004019); Unnamed (48.604219, -
121.992247); Unnamed (48.604523, -121.915611); Unnamed (48.60507, -
122.068393); Unnamed (48.60642, -121.930219); Unnamed (48.607985, -
121.918823); Unnamed (48.608266, -121.911587); Unnamed (48.609571, -
121.982189); Unnamed (48.61019, -121.954851); Unnamed (48.622868, -
122.117508); Unnamed (48.626209, -122.118838); Unnamed (48.630045, -
122.118545); Unnamed (48.642631, -122.122994); Unnamed (48.661705, -
122.11915); Unnamed (48.679949, -121.933538); Unnamed (48.681, -
122.176044); Unnamed (48.687907, -122.159547); Unnamed (48.69125, -
121.932816); Unnamed (48.698785, -121.912135); Unnamed (48.700841, -
121.880954); Unnamed (48.70222, -122.109268); Unnamed (48.725471, -
122.168225); Unnamed (48.738227, -122.105899); Unnamed (48.745076, -
122.11099); Unnamed (48.776775, -122.221381); Unnamed (48.784569, -
122.220861); Unnamed (48.80173, -122.17607); Unnamed (48.819062, -
122.229914); Wanlick Creek (48.66309, -121.801322).
    (iv) Lower North Fork Nooksack River Watershed 1711000404. 
Outlet(s) = Anderson Creek (Lat 48.866658, Long -122.324286); Nooksack 
River (48.869803, -122.319417); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Anderson 
Creek (48.789701, -122.330514); Bell Creek (48.849394, -122.163142); 
Boulder Creek (48.936973, -122.02081); Canyon Creek (48.90661, -
121.989864); Coal Creek (48.890899, -122.15529); Kendall Creek 
(48.926471, -122.148139); Kenney Creek (48.851169, -122.11389); 
Macaulay Creek (48.834461, -122.236136); Maple Creek (48.926054, -
122.07647); Mitchell Creek (48.831119, -122.218653); North Fork 
Nooksack River (48.90561, -121.987814); Racehorse Creek (48.879840, -
122.126400); Smith Creek (48.843717, -122.255666); South Fork Nooksack 
River (48.807821, -122.20252); Unnamed (48.803428, -122.320427); 
Unnamed (48.809155, -122.328886); Unnamed (48.816885, -122.229843); 
Unnamed (48.830856, -122.173308); Unnamed (48.834543, -122.153069); 
Unnamed (48.843097, -122.158088); Unnamed (48.850754, -122.120796); 
Unnamed (48.90233, -122.093446); Unnamed (48.904967, -122.085488); 
Unnamed (48.903288, -122.088323);

[[Page 9298]]

Unnamed (48.91174, -122.01464); Unnamed (48.916501, -122.063237); 
Unnamed (48.918962, -122.015676); Unnamed (48.920779, -122.049370); 
Unnamed (48.916696, -122.103739); Wildcat Creek (48.903709, -
122.000478).
    (v) Nooksack River Watershed 1711000405. Outlet(s) = Nooksack River 
(Lat 48.773567, Long -122.599888); Silver Creek (48.821901, -
122.53218); East Silver Creek (48.81687, -122.529067); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Anderson Creek (48.866658, -122.324286); Bertrand Creek 
(49.002306, -122.523098); West Bertrand Creek (48.993346, -122.537903); 
Fishtrap Creek (49.000000, -122.406584); Fourmile Creek (48.888842, -
122.422525); Mormon Ditch (48.943782, -122.382402); Nooksack River 
(48.869803, -122.319417); Pepin Creek (49.000000, -122.473673); 
Stickney Slough (48.971492, -122.390969); Tenmile Creek (48.841838, -
122.377054); Wiser Lake (48.899749, -122.511319); Unnamed (48.840108, -
122.411055); Unnamed (48.849253, -122.431795); Unnamed (48.854029, -
122.477112); Unnamed (48.854666, -122.439035); Unnamed (48.870978, -
122.599973); Unnamed (48.896998, -122.339775); Unnamed (48.913285, -
122.364233); Unnamed (48.926314, -122.591314); Unnamed (48.967318, -
122.524502); Unnamed (49.00182, -122.50126); Unnamed (49.000000, -
122.474268).
    (3) Upper Skagit Subbasin 17110005--(i) Skagit River/Gorge Lake 
Watershed 1711000504. Outlet(s) = Goodell Creek (Lat 48.674399, Long -
121.26504); Skagit River (48.672375, -121.262508); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Goodell Creek (48.729929, -121.314); Newhalem Creek 
(48.664832, -121.255072); Skagit River (48.676125, -121.241661).
    (ii) Skagit River/Diobsud Creek Watershed 1711000505. Outlet(s) = 
Skagit River (48.522186, -121.431634); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Alma 
Creek (48.599105, -121.36141); Bacon Creek (48.675306, -121.453097); 
Copper Creek (48.588469, -121.370907); Damnation Creek (48.627647, -
121.339559); Diobsud Creek (48.583981, -121.441197); East Fork Bacon 
Creek (48.669034, -121.430334); Falls Creek (48.633251, -121.427043); 
Oakes Creek (48.619075, -121.412357); Skagit River (48.672375, -
121.262508); Thorton Creek (48.649594, -121.307697); Unnamed 
(48.550953, -121.419261); Unnamed (48.627482, -121.324941); Unnamed 
(48.630803, -121.424055); Unnamed (48.652391, -121.297267); Unnamed 
(48.65642, -121.293119); Unnamed (48.657949, -121.279141); Unnamed 
(48.659526, -121.281845); Unnamed (48.659652, -121.284867).
    (iii) Cascade River Watershed 1711000506. Outlet(s) = Cascade River 
(Lat 48.52147, Long -121.431469); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Boulder 
Creek (48.511828, -121.363515); Cascade River (48.422406, -121.124592); 
Clark Creek (48.519616, -121.404247); Found Creek (48.481464, -
121.244895); Jordan Creek (48.479149, -121.396302); Kindy Creek 
(48.40346, -121.19997); North Fork Cascade River (48.46574, -
121.165301); Sibley Creek (48.511764, -121.255306); Unnamed (48.516916, 
-121.369934); Unnamed (48.519853, -121.355352); Unnamed (48.522841, -
121.416253); Unnamed (48.540716, -121.187277).
    (iv) Skagit River/illabot Creek Watershed 1711000507. Outlet(s) = 
Skagit River (Lat 48.533888, Long -121.736697); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Aldon Creek (48.490787, -121.655981); Barr Creek (48.494766, -
121.553562); Cascade River (48.52147, -121.431469); Corkindale Creek 
(48.523793, -121.481226); Illabot Creek (48.420072, -121.375128); 
Jackman Creek (48.52921, -121.696976); Mcleod Slough (48.478113, -
121.628016); Miller Creek (48.483633, -121.657553); Olson Creek 
(48.554876, -121.448159); Rocky Creek (48.507094, -121.497771); Sauk 
River (48.48173, -121.607129); Skagit River (48.522186, -121.431634); 
Sutter Creek (48.495127, -121.549745); Unnamed (48.471463, -
121.542227); Unnamed (48.485698, -121.594461); Unnamed (48.487325, -
121.545692); Unnamed (48.487425, -121.533453); Unnamed (48.501107, -
121.661145).
    (v) Baker River Watershed 1711000508. Outlet(s) = Baker River (Lat 
48.533879, Long -121.736713); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Baker River 
(48.820068, -121.428469); Bald Eagle Creek (48.786682, -121.426929); 
Blum Creek (48.753095, -121.54535); Little Sandy Creek (48.704049, -
121.698077); Morovitz Creek (48.745746, -121.677314); Park Creek 
(48.74079, -121.681977); Pass Creek (48.814934, -121.463275); Rocky 
Creek (48.645389, -121.707383); Skagit River (48.533888, -121.736697); 
Swift Creek (48.753261, -121.65719); Unnamed (48.734467, -121.636766).
    (4) Sauk Subbasin 17110006--(i) Upper Sauk River Watershed 
1711000601. Outlet(s) = Sauk River (Lat 48.173216, Long -121.472863); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Bedal Creek (48.079796, -121.392862); Black 
Oak Creek (48.178866, -121.45057); Camp Creek (48.150358, -121.280495); 
Chocwich Creek (48.072804, -121.399295); Crystal Creek (48.182984, -
121.360841); Dead Duck Creek (48.179803, -121.373501); Elliott Creek 
(48.055379, -121.415773); Falls Creek (48.136819, -121.432256); Martin 
Creek (48.091595, -121.402576); North Fork Sauk River (48.096, -
121.372171); Owl Creek (48.162177, -121.295991); Peek-A-Boo Creek 
(48.149748, -121.441535); South Fork Sauk River (47.986322, -
121.393336); Stujack Creek (48.176825, -121.392682); Swift Creek 
(48.099536, -121.40116); Unnamed (48.117404, -121.416221); Unnamed 
(48.164324, -121.447051); Unnamed (48.165143, -121.33003); Weden Creek 
(47.986316, -121.44378); White Chuck River (48.09948, -121.182565).
    (ii) Upper Suiattle River Watershed 1711000602. Outlet(s) = 
Suiattle River (48.258351, -121.224572); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Downey Creek (48.28262, -121.209548); Suiattle River (48.210571, -
121.088734); Sulphur Creek (48.256889, -121.174591).
    (iii) Lower Suiattle River Watershed 1711000603. Outlet(s) = 
Suiattle River (Lat 48.335583, Long -121.547106); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: All Creek (48.288401, -121.429156); Big Creek 
(48.343084, -121.441273); Black Creek (48.258382, -121.402801); Buck 
Creek (48.275388, -121.327822); Captain Creek (48.258384, -121.276479); 
Circle Creek (48.257783, -121.339964); Conrad Creek (48.276814, -
121.414421); Harriet Creek (48.24803, -121.30351); Lime Creek 
(48.244288, -121.294507); Suiattle River (48.258351, -121.224572); 
Tenas Creek (48.336889, -121.431586); Unnamed (48.268285, -121.347595); 
Unnamed (48.2897, -121.432205); Unnamed (48.295835, -121.432122); 
Unnamed (48.303544, -121.423863).
    (iv) Lower Sauk River Watershed 1711000604. Outlet(s) = Mcleod 
Slough (Lat 48.478113, Long -121.628016); Sauk River (48.48173, -
121.607129); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Clear Creek (48.202408, -
121.569295); Dan Creek (48.265631, -121.540646); Dutch Creek 
(48.179125, -121.486809); Everett Creek (48.283836, -121.526243); 
Goodman Creek (48.185225, -121.499311); Hilt Creek (48.440932, -
121.573433); Murphy Creek (48.183863, -121.523654); Rinker Creek 
(48.395207, -121.583449); Sauk River (48.173216, -121.472863); Suiattle 
River (48.335583, -121.547106); Unnamed (48.235207, -121.590179); 
Unnamed (48.282638, -121.530751); Unnamed (48.286653, -121.524888); 
Unnamed (48.305253, -121.545097); Unnamed (48.439232, -121.616077); 
White Creek (48.403202, -121.537828).

[[Page 9299]]

    (5) Lower Skagit Subbasin 17110007--(i) Middle Skagit River/Finney 
Creek Watershed 1711000701. Outlet(s) = Skagit River (Lat 48.488951, 
Long -122.217614); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Alder Creek (48.552575, 
-121.932183); Boyd Creek (48.504855, -121.892273); Childs Creek 
(48.536412, -122.080267); Coal Creek (48.533942, -122.153196); 
Cumberland Creek (48.510468, -121.993332); Day Creek (48.406901, -
121.97766); Finney Creek (48.465302, -121.687051); Gilligan Creek 
(48.48009, -122.130644); Grandy Creek (48.561171, -121.818094); Hansen 
Creek (48.559859, -122.208046); Jones Creek (48.558032, -122.046527); 
Loretta Creek (48.492814, -122.018527); Marietta Creek (48.511246, -
121.930245); Mill Creek (48.500192, -121.873597); Muddy Creek 
(48.545767, -121.985109); O Toole Creek (48.508466, -121.919329); 
Pressentin Creek (48.509721, -121.846156); Quartz Creek (48.50301, -
121.788233); Red Cabin Creek (48.552388, -122.016014); Skagit River 
(48.533385, -121.737928); Sorenson Creek (48.488763, -122.104541); 
Unnamed (48.480893, -122.141637); Unnamed (48.489945, -122.098925); 
Unnamed (48.495815, -121.753486); Unnamed (48.506371, -122.061784); 
Unnamed (48.509168, -122.104561); Unnamed (48.514861, -122.118166); 
Unnamed (48.528239, -122.166675); Unnamed (48.528601, -122.102507); 
Unnamed (48.535185, -122.087068); Unnamed (48.536394, -122.085423); 
Unnamed (48.537986, -122.186437); Unnamed (48.542105, -122.059915); 
Unnamed (48.547274, -122.185153); Unnamed (48.547956, -122.187094); 
Unnamed (48.548129, -121.954555); Unnamed (48.550762, -122.195456); 
Unnamed (48.552902, -121.959069); Unnamed (48.558115, -122.198368); 
Unnamed (48.558227, -121.99464); Unnamed (48.561171, -121.818094); 
Unnamed (48.562984, -121.811731); Unnamed (48.55177, -122.204332); 
Wiseman Creek (48.532064, -122.135004).
    (ii) Lower Skagit River/Nookachamps Creek Watershed 1711000702. 
Outlet(s) = Freshwater Slough (Lat 48.310713, Long -122.389592); North 
Fork Skagit River (48.362362, -122.470128); South Fork Skagit River 
(48.291833, -122.368233); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Britt Slough 
(48.393312, -122.358366); Carpenter Creek (48.394245, -122.277339); 
East Fork Nookachamps Creek (48.404247, -122.180275); Fisher Creek 
(48.30521, -122.296248); Lake Creek (48.324016, -122.224344); Skagit 
River (48.488951, -122.217614); Turner Creek (48.447398, -122.195845); 
Unnamed (48.358837, -122.422683); Unnamed (48.366754, -122.41293); 
Unnamed (48.43207, -122.314617); Unnamed (48.380192, -122.17967); 
Walker Creek (48.375354, -122.176074).
    (6) Stillaguamish Subbasin 17110008--(i) North Fork Stillaguamish 
River Watershed 1711000801. Outlet(s) = North Fork Stillaguamish River 
(Lat 48.203615, Long -122.126717); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Boulder 
River (48.245122, -121.828242); Brooks Creek (48.289564, -121.906883); 
Deer Creek (48.364935, -121.794539); Deforest Creek (48.393279, -
121.853014); Dicks Creek (48.300579, -121.836549); French Creek 
(48.239427, -121.774131); Fry Creek (48.256369, -121.897103); Furland 
Creek (48.25189, -121.699139); Grant Creek (48.295612, -122.031716); 
Hell Creek (48.252119, -121.964447); Higgins Creek (48.329407, -
121.791932); Little Deer Creek (48.431748, -121.938181); Little French 
Creek (48.268189, -121.738851); Montague Creek (48.250887, -
121.867164); Moose Creek (48.253373, -121.710713); North Fork 
Stillaguamish River (48.296662, -121.636091); Rick Creek (48.349662, -
121.899994); Rock Creek (48.272543, -122.084907); Rollins Creek 
(48.292951, -121.851904); Segelsen Creek (48.301774, -121.705063); Snow 
Gulch (48.241837, -121.688972); Squire Creek (48.201836, -121.630783); 
Unnamed (48.225817, -122.090659); Unnamed (48.23139, -122.079834); 
Unnamed (48.236267, -121.625132); Unnamed (48.236753, -122.051497); 
Unnamed (48.243945, -121.64302); Unnamed (48.24766, -122.036676); 
Unnamed (48.252573, -122.029955); Unnamed (48.255611, -121.714995); 
Unnamed (48.256057, -122.095346); Unnamed (48.256367, -121.939918); 
Unnamed (48.256695, -122.025848); Unnamed (48.257104, -121.90825); 
Unnamed (48.258393, -122.05691); Unnamed (48.258869, -121.764439); 
Unnamed (48.259213, -121.70866); Unnamed (48.263641, -121.763092); 
Unnamed (48.264861, -121.758039); Unnamed (48.265601, -122.004059); 
Unnamed (48.267786, -122.043722); Unnamed (48.268038, -121.715334); 
Unnamed (48.272044, -121.726641); Unnamed (48.27601, -121.935088); 
Unnamed (48.277489, -122.036087); Unnamed (48.27989, -121.990779); 
Unnamed (48.281081, -121.995266); Unnamed (48.281713, -121.649707); 
Unnamed (48.283383, -121.683334); Unnamed (48.28395, -121.646562); 
Unnamed (48.284296, -121.658284); Unnamed (48.28446, -121.920135); 
Unnamed (48.285216, -121.62783); Unnamed (48.2891, -121.769358); 
Unnamed (48.289217, -121.680426); Unnamed (48.289395, -121.755674); 
Unnamed (48.289507, -121.702145); Unnamed (48.290513, -121.743771); 
Unnamed (48.290671, -121.721475); Unnamed (48.290801, -121.746827); 
Unnamed (48.291004, -121.691566); Unnamed (48.291597, -121.693818); 
Unnamed (48.294273, -121.732756); Unnamed (48.294703, -121.826142); 
Unnamed (48.294855, -121.94067); Unnamed (48.295803, -121.789706); 
Unnamed (48.296128, -121.825352); Unnamed (48.297676, -121.802133); 
Unnamed (48.319239, -121.964661); Unnamed (48.359397, -121.920923); 
Unnamed (48.361324, -121.93455); Unnamed (48.365655, -121.915496); 
Unnamed (48.366918, -121.941311); Unnamed (48.367183, -121.958052); 
Unnamed (48.367255, -121.956483); Unnamed (48.367469, -121.95337); 
Unnamed (48.370765, -121.89953); Unnamed (48.371334, -121.834956); 
Unnamed (48.372057, -121.893537); Unnamed (48.37667, -121.887195); 
Unnamed (48.384027, -121.879147); Unnamed (48.410307, -121.91761); 
Unnamed (48.297464, -121.81382); Unnamed (48.321184, -121.95493).
    (ii) South Fork Stillaguamish River Watershed 1711000802. Outlet(s) 
= North Fork Stillaguamish River (Lat 48.203615, Long -122.126716); 
South Fork Stillaguamish River (48.203615, -122.126717); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Bear Creek (48.064612, -121.729061); Bear Creek 
(48.184588, -122.027434); Beaver Creek (48.088637, -121.513947); Bender 
Creek (48.066866, -121.589809); Benson Creek (48.10167, -121.738611); 
Blackjack Creek (48.051331, -121.624223); Boardman Creek (48.04009, -
121.674988); Buck Creek (48.051042, -121.469806); Coal Creek 
(48.093827, -121.535554); Cranberry Creek (48.121886, -121.803277); Cub 
Creek (48.211009, -121.940174); Deer Creek (48.094863, -121.554797); 
Eldredge Creek (48.074512, -121.637347); Gordon Creek (48.086169, -
121.660042); Hawthorn Creek (48.078912, -121.8082); Heather Creek 
(48.086826, -121.782066); Hempel Creek (48.075711, -121.743146); Jim 
Creek (48.209443, -121.929313); Mallardy Creek (48.067197, -
121.657137); March Creek (48.196056, -122.15374); Marten Creek 
(48.079769, -121.613497); North Fork Canyon Creek (48.17598, -
121.82868); Palmer Creek (48.0427, -121.474893); Perry Creek 
(48.077976, -121.482351); Porter Creek (48.197684, -122.008959); Rotary 
Creek (48.092322, -121.828833);

[[Page 9300]]

Schweitzer Creek (48.06862, -121.69012); Siberia Creek (48.166246, -
122.022375); South Fork Canyon Creek (48.153787, -121.785021); South 
Fork Stillaguamish River (48.028261, -121.483458); Triple Creek 
(48.077106, -121.798123); Turlo Creek (48.108542, -121.764124); 
Twentytwo Creek (48.075825, -121.758819); Unnamed (48.047402, -
121.505486); Unnamed (48.05552, -121.520966); Unnamed (48.075811, -
121.563225); Unnamed (48.077807, -121.591337); Unnamed (48.080052, -
121.580689); Unnamed (48.082802, -121.695828); Unnamed (48.084671, -
121.683128); Unnamed (48.090013, -121.877766); Unnamed (48.091037, -
121.815954); Unnamed (48.094741, -121.861679); Unnamed (48.100032, -
121.796066); Unnamed (48.102487, -121.760967); Unnamed (48.10534, -
122.027687); Unnamed (48.106381, -121.783693); Unnamed (48.107979, -
121.790154); Unnamed (48.110592, -121.795323); Unnamed (48.11262, -
121.80435); Unnamed (48.117007, -121.82596); Unnamed (48.118957, -
121.83034); Unnamed (48.125862, -122.006135); Unnamed (48.131466, -
121.905515); Unnamed (48.131881, -121.883717); Unnamed (48.134683, -
121.938153); Unnamed (48.139202, -122.040321); Unnamed (48.140702, -
121.932885); Unnamed (48.141896, -121.932379); Unnamed (48.143639, -
121.932372); Unnamed (48.14431, -121.924623); Unnamed (48.14619, -
122.017379); Unnamed (48.151471, -122.062372); Unnamed (48.166951, -
122.097499); Unnamed (48.19464, -122.074897); Unnamed (48.199265, -
122.091343); Unnamed (48.212118, -121.923782); Unnamed (48.21329, -
122.028497); Unnamed (48.216753, -122.005396); Unnamed (48.219125, -
121.989143); Unnamed (48.219724, -121.994297); Unnamed (48.224672, -
121.975855); Unnamed (48.227563, -121.937492); Unnamed (48.233562, -
121.953975); Wiley Creek (48.092015, -121.720605); Wisconsin Creek 
(48.068182, -121.719162).
    (iii) Lower Stillaguamish River Watershed 1711000803. Outlet(s) = 
Hat Slough (Lat 48.198102, Long -122.359125); Stillaguamish River 
(48.238335, -122.376115); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Church Creek 
(48.26413, -122.283181); Freedom Creek (48.271454, -122.314228); Harvey 
Creek (48.233538, -122.128366); Jackson Gulch (48.210323, -122.241546); 
North Fork Stillaguamish River (48.203615, -122.126716); Pilchuck Creek 
(48.317396, -122.149205); Portage Creek (48.178785, -122.182919); 
Stillaguamish River (48.203562, -122.126899); Unnamed (48.171029, -
122.260136); Unnamed (48.186672, -122.277088); Unnamed (48.195788, -
122.283335); Unnamed (48.195835, -122.168612); Unnamed (48.196884, -
122.166822); Unnamed (48.20183, -122.295689); Unnamed (48.203545, -
122.315975); Unnamed (48.203747, -122.19962); Unnamed (48.214373, -
122.151954); Unnamed (48.224202, -122.14526); Unnamed (48.227416, -
122.199181); Unnamed (48.232175, -122.226793); Unnamed (48.23644, -
122.226298); Unnamed (48.240242, -122.207791); Unnamed (48.241888, -
122.201199); Unnamed (48.251066, -122.202687); Unnamed (48.256206, -
122.197528); Unnamed (48.262756, -122.185006); Unnamed (48.271258, -
122.316101); Unnamed (48.281636, -122.206013); Unnamed (48.300059, -
122.213286); Unnamed (48.303378, -122.161323).
    (7) Skykomish Subbasin 17110009--(i) Tye And Beckler Rivers 
Watershed 1711000901. Outlet(s) = Beckler River (Lat 47.715467, Long -
121.341085); South Fork Skykomish River (47.71526, -121.339458); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Alpine Creek (47.70063, -121.253227); 
Beckler River (47.86115, -121.306314); East Fork Foss River (47.648892, 
-121.276727); Rapid River (47.819406, -121.237866); Tye River 
(47.717046, -121.226571); West Fork Foss River (47.627377, -
121.310419).
    (ii) Skykomish River Forks Watershed 1711000902. Outlet(s) = North 
Fork Skykomish River (Lat 47.813603, Long -121.577995); South Fork 
Skykomish River (47.812617, -121.577943); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Barclay Creek (47.791478, -121.48993); Bear Creek (47.889803, -
121.382157); Beckler River (47.715467, -121.341085); Bitter Creek 
(47.841172, -121.50341); Bridal Veil Creek (47.798538, -121.56095); 
East Fork Miller River (47.648482, -121.373599); Excelsior Creek 
(47.869782, -121.486781); Goblin Creek (47.925037, -121.311518); Index 
Creek (47.759736, -121.496132); Kimball Creek (47.701302, -121.431138); 
Lewis Creek (47.81892, -121.505851); Maloney Creek (47.704343, -
121.354423); Money Creek (47.707177, -121.442116); North Fork Skykomish 
River (47.920573, -121.303744); Salmon Creek (47.904002, -121.467022); 
Silver Creek (47.940366, -121.437503); Snowslide Gulch (47.857696, -
121.508333); South Fork Skykomish River (47.71526, -121.339458); 
Troublesome Creek (47.899315, -121.400435); Trout Creek (47.832847, -
121.433624); West Cady Creek (47.897548, -121.305775); West Fork Miller 
River (47.665692, -121.400066).
    (iii) Skykomish River/Wallace River Watershed 1711000903. Outlet(s) 
= Mccoy Creek (Lat 47.847628, Long -121.824315); Skykomish River 
(47.860377, -121.819105); Unnamed (47.855571, -121.819268); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Anderson Creek (47.8044, -121.596583); Deer Creek 
(47.818891, -121.581685); Duffey Creek (47.833436, -121.689636); 
Hogarty Creek (47.842003, -121.612106); May Creek (47.856805, -
121.632414); Mccoy Creek (47.831308, -121.826994); North Fork Skykomish 
River (47.813603, -121.577995); North Fork Wallace River (47.879351, -
121.659897); Olney Creek (47.879416, -121.717566); Proctor Creek 
(47.816171, -121.652091); South Fork Skykomish River (47.812617, -
121.577943); Unnamed (47.823821, -121.641583); Unnamed (47.854927, -
121.788254); Unnamed (47.857101, -121.75812); Unnamed (47.858007, -
121.797344); Unnamed (47.860413, -121.635072); Unnamed (47.84923, -
121.784034); Unnamed (47.855893, -121.752873); Wagleys Creek 
(47.873165, -121.773098); Wallace River (47.877046, -121.645838).
    (iv) Sultan River Watershed 1711000904. Outlet(s) = Sultan River 
(Lat 47.861005, Long -121.820933); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Sultan 
River (47.959618, -121.796288); Unnamed (47.887034, -121.829974).
    (v) Skykomish River/Woods Creek Watershed 1711000905. Outlet(s) = 
Skykomish River (Lat 47.829872, Long -122.045091); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Barr Creek (Lat 47.829715, -121.905589); Carpenter 
Creek (48.015168, -121.930236); Elwell Creek (47.803646, -121.853672); 
Foye Creek (47.822602, -121.970674); High Rock Creek (47.837811, -
121.959755); Mccoy Creek (47.847628, -121.824315); Richardson Creek 
(47.886315, -121.943935); Riley Slough (47.844202, -121.936904); 
Skykomish River (47.847403, -121.886481); Skykomish River (47.852292, -
121.878907); Skykomish River (47.854738, -121.82681); Sorgenfrei Creek 
(47.961588, -121.934368); Sultan River (47.861005, -121.820933); 
Unnamed (47.818865, -122.005592); Unnamed (47.81969, -122.00526); 
Unnamed (47.829214, -121.844279); Unnamed (47.855571, -121.819268); 
Unnamed (47.88559, -121.921368); Unnamed (47.828244, -122.013516); 
Unnamed (47.834405, -122.016728); Unnamed (47.834695, -122.021191); 
Unnamed (47.836191, -121.980947); Unnamed (47.839322, -121.952037);

[[Page 9301]]

Unnamed (47.839419, -121.843256); Unnamed (47.842963, -121.90049); 
Unnamed (47.844848, -121.889155); Unnamed (47.851422, -121.852499); 
Unnamed (47.853708, -121.907276); Unnamed (47.853713, -121.91338); 
Unnamed (47.857546, -121.830245); West Fork Woods Creek (47.983648, -
121.957293); Woods Creek (47.895095, -121.875437); Youngs Creek 
(47.807915, -121.83447).
    (8) Snoqualmie Subbasin 17110010--(i) Middle Fork Snoqualmie River 
Watershed 1711001003. Outlet(s) = Langlois Creek (Lat 47.635728, Long -
121.90751); Snoqualmie River (47.640786, -121.927225); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Canyon Creek (47.568828, -121.981984); East Fork 
Griffin Creek (47.667678, -121.79524); Griffin Creek (47.679643, -
121.802134); Lake Creek (47.506498, -121.871475); Langlois Creek 
(47.632423, -121.900585); Langlois Creek (47.63436, -121.910479); 
Patterson Creek (47.643294, -122.008601); Raging River (47.443286, -
121.841753); Snoqualmie River (47.54132, -121.837391); Tokul Creek 
(47.556115, -121.829753); Unnamed (47.435758, -121.840802); Unnamed 
(47.469131, -121.887371); Unnamed (47.552211, -121.892074); Unnamed 
(47.55902, -121.959053); Unnamed (47.594862, -121.869153); Unnamed 
(47.602188, -121.86105); Unnamed (47.611929, -121.844129); Unnamed 
(47.617761, -121.987517); Unnamed (47.620823, -121.818809); Unnamed 
(47.67586, -121.821881); Unnamed (47.550625, -121.860269); Unnamed 
(47.573184, -121.882046); Unnamed (47.574562, -121.935597); Unnamed 
(47.574643, -121.923532); Unnamed (47.575296, -121.934856); Unnamed 
(47.575302, -121.928863); Unnamed (47.577661, -121.922239); Unnamed 
(47.580744, -121.89107); Unnamed (47.604032, -121.909863); Unnamed 
(47.60579, -121.908524); Unnamed (47.611586, -121.940718); Unnamed 
(47.61275, -121.923865); Unnamed (47.619886, -121.913184); Unnamed 
(47.624753, -121.913661).
    (ii) Lower Snoqualmie River Watershed 1711001004. Outlet(s) = 
Snohomish River (47.832905, -122.05029); Unnamed (47.818865, -
122.005592); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Adair Creek (47.713532, -
122.00603); Cherry Creek (47.767647, -121.835764); Langlois Creek 
(47.635728, -121.90751); Margaret Creek (47.754562, -121.894491); North 
Fork Cherry Creek (47.747274, -121.922417); North Fork Creek 
(47.709704, -121.813858); Pearson Eddy Creek (47.7629, -121.993362); 
Peoples Creek (47.797003, -121.969785); Snoqualmie River (47.640786, -
121.927225); South Fork Tolt River (47.692382, -121.690691); Stossel 
Creek (47.760057, -121.854479); Tolt River (47.639682, -121.925064); 
Tuck Creek (47.760138, -122.029513); Unnamed (47.66549, -121.969734); 
Unnamed (47.688103, -121.841747); Unnamed (47.697681, -121.877351); 
Unnamed (47.699359, -121.72867); Unnamed (47.711538, -121.835344); 
Unnamed (47.718309, -121.778212); Unnamed (47.719516, -121.683676); 
Unnamed (47.721128, -121.842676); Unnamed (47.721491, -121.711688); 
Unnamed (47.72187, -121.872933); Unnamed (47.639628, -121.916512); 
Unnamed (47.644835, -121.876373); Unnamed (47.652724, -121.927754); 
Unnamed (47.653832, -121.900784); Unnamed (47.663562, -121.912794); 
Unnamed (47.666377, -121.921884); Unnamed (47.66645, -121.968042); 
Unnamed (47.671854, -121.944823); Unnamed (47.6722, -121.934103); 
Unnamed (47.672893, -121.963119); Unnamed (47.673234, -121.906003); 
Unnamed (47.68202, -121.984816); Unnamed (47.683549, -121.985897); 
Unnamed (47.685397, -121.98674); Unnamed (47.688482, -121.942011); 
Unnamed (47.691215, -121.959693); Unnamed (47.691787, -121.975697); 
Unnamed (47.694662, -121.994754); Unnamed (47.701955, -121.998995); 
Unnamed (47.704253, -122.001792); Unnamed (47.709025, -122.004767); 
Unnamed (47.709854, -121.98468); Unnamed (47.716945, -122.001237); 
Unnamed (47.721749, -121.989604); Unnamed (47.722623, -121.987303); 
Unnamed (47.723963, -121.996696); Unnamed (47.726844, -121.989954); 
Unnamed (47.733263, -122.010612); Unnamed (47.733962, -121.989698); 
Unnamed (47.734647, -122.013111); Unnamed (47.736303, -122.013677); 
Unnamed (47.736874, -121.98844); Unnamed (47.741838, -122.009593); 
Unnamed (47.744396, -121.949708); Unnamed (47.745593, -121.952919); 
Unnamed (47.745918, -121.954099); Unnamed (47.747444, -122.005028); 
Unnamed (47.747524, -121.957434); Unnamed (47.747678, -121.996583); 
Unnamed (47.74965, -121.977289); Unnamed (47.750208, -121.96435); 
Unnamed (47.750524, -121.965961); Unnamed (47.75188, -121.927084); 
Unnamed (47.752108, -121.969501); Unnamed (47.752268, -122.004156); 
Unnamed (47.75256, -121.964546); Unnamed (47.752757, -121.969499); 
Unnamed (47.752947, -121.957481); Unnamed (47.753339, -121.969357); 
Unnamed (47.754942, -121.97775); Unnamed (47.756436, -122.004367); 
Unnamed (47.758452, -122.002775); Unnamed (47.761886, -122.000354); 
Unnamed (47.762689, -121.991876); Unnamed (47.762853, -121.977877); 
Unnamed (47.767489, -122.000623); Unnamed (47.775507, -121.995614); 
Unnamed (47.775755, -121.99995); Unnamed (47.776255, -121.999798); 
Unnamed (47.779073, -121.991757); Unnamed (47.782249, -121.966177); 
Unnamed (47.788539, -122.000183); Unnamed (47.797789, -121.978354); 
Unnamed (47.801619, -121.981418); Unnamed (47.815259, -121.976869); 
Unnamed (47.815443, -121.99813); Unnamed (47.818865, -122.005592).
    (9) Snohomish Subbasin 17110011--(i) Pilchuck River Watershed 
1711001101. Outlet(s) = French Creek (Lat 47.888547, Long -122.087439); 
Pilchuck River (47.900972, -122.092133); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Boulder Creek (48.024989, -121.811255); Catherine Creek (48.033209, -
122.077074); Dubuque Creek (47.996688, -122.010406); French Creek 
(47.898794, -122.057083); Kelly Creek (48.035392, -121.830635); Little 
Pilchuck Creek (48.112494, -122.060843); Miller Creek (47.996242, -
121.781617); Pilchuck River (47.991273, -121.736285); Purdy Creek 
(48.008866, -121.892703); Worthy Creek (48.060661, -121.889486); Scott 
Creek (47.94956, -122.05759); Unnamed (47.946107, -122.078197); Unnamed 
(47.981529, -122.022251); Unnamed (48.014987, -122.065111); Unnamed 
(48.050521, -121.960436); Unnamed (48.052319, -121.873027); Unnamed 
(48.056823, -121.920701); Unnamed (47.893981, -122.064909); Unnamed 
(47.90029, -122.055264); Unnamed (47.900781, -122.071709); Unnamed 
(47.902216, -122.060278); Unnamed (47.909758, -122.055179); Unnamed 
(47.91308, -122.079588); Unnamed (47.91411, -122.073471); Unnamed 
(47.930159, -122.045611); Unnamed (47.970802, -122.07904); Wilson Creek 
(48.007178, -121.772124).
    (ii) Snohomish River Watershed 1711001102. Outlet(s) = Quilceda 
Creek (48.045077, -122.207633); Snohomish River (48.020024, -
122.199952); Steamboat Slough (48.035252, -122.187716); Union Slough 
(48.033026, -122.187941); Unnamed (48.042687, -122.203304); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Allen Creek (48.060189, -122.155845); Anderson Creek 
(47.823494, -122.063169); Batt Slough (47.893752, -122.101932); Burri 
Creek (47.996254, -122.12825); Ebey Slough (47.942077, -122.172019); 
Elliott Creek (47.832096, -122.058076); Evans Creek (47.837998, -
122.084366); French Creek (47.905702, -122.006538); Lake

[[Page 9302]]

Beecher (47.853003, -122.08659); Larimer Creek (47.889935, -
122.141659); Quilceda Creek (48.126701, -122.136538); Snohomish River 
(47.845642, -122.066164); Swan Trail Slough (47.924299, -122.144247); 
Thomas Creek (47.885779, -122.133759); Unnamed (47.89605, -122.024132); 
Unnamed (47.874632, -122.06789); Unnamed (47.878911, -122.062819); 
Unnamed (47.883214, -122.075259); Unnamed (47.883685, -122.064291); 
Unnamed (47.977505, -122.164439); Unnamed (47.989661, -122.153303); 
Unnamed (47.989986, -122.157628); Unnamed (47.992902, -122.153788); 
Unnamed (47.994226, -122.155257); Unnamed (47.999821, -122.157617); 
Unnamed (47.999833, -122.154307); Unnamed (48.000441, -122.160006); 
Unnamed (48.131795, -122.131717); Unnamed (47.826251, -122.063007); 
Unnamed (47.839617, -122.088583); Unnamed (47.842605, -122.060737); 
Unnamed (47.842773, -122.09302); Unnamed (47.845642, -122.066164); 
Unnamed (47.845758, -122.092344); Unnamed (47.846844, -122.064563); 
Unnamed (47.851113, -122.010167); Unnamed (47.852079, -122.018572); 
Unnamed (47.861172, -122.029372); Unnamed (47.864352, -122.091793); 
Unnamed (47.868184, -122.033887); Unnamed (47.868667, -122.071745); 
Unnamed (47.871627, -122.007148); Unnamed (47.872067, -122.012574); 
Unnamed (47.872807, -122.007458); Unnamed (47.872892, -122.020313); 
Unnamed (47.873683, -122.02625); Unnamed (47.873838, -122.023394); 
Unnamed (47.873972, -122.020824); Unnamed (47.873974, -122.018382); 
Unnamed (47.874621, -122.033932); Unnamed (47.87602, -122.018838); 
Unnamed (47.876587, -122.038858); Unnamed (47.877086, -122.10383); 
Unnamed (47.878155, -122.093306); Unnamed (47.878365, -122.047458); 
Unnamed (47.879616, -122.121293); Unnamed (47.880169, -122.120704); 
Unnamed (47.880744, -122.124328); Unnamed (47.880801, -122.115079); 
Unnamed (47.881683, -122.018106); Unnamed (47.882464, -122.049811); 
Unnamed (47.88295, -122.036805); Unnamed (47.883214, -122.128361); 
Unnamed (47.887449, -122.136266); Unnamed (47.887628, -122.115244); 
Unnamed (47.889292, -122.138508); Unnamed (47.889733, -122.139749); 
Unnamed (47.889949, -122.045002); Unnamed (47.891627, -122.052284); 
Unnamed (47.893918, -122.1473); Unnamed (47.893921, -122.15179); 
Unnamed (47.900751, -122.162699); Unnamed (47.901957, -122.165281); 
Unnamed (47.903224, -122.152517); Unnamed (47.905749, -122.171392); 
Unnamed (47.906952, -122.1713); Unnamed (47.909784, -122.174177); 
Unnamed (47.917745, -122.179549); Unnamed (47.91785, -122.170724); 
Unnamed (47.917965, -122.176424); Unnamed (47.918881, -122.166131); 
Unnamed (47.919953, -122.159256); Unnamed (47.920163, -122.112239); 
Unnamed (47.922557, -122.152328); Unnamed (47.926219, -122.164369); 
Unnamed (47.927044, -122.187844); Unnamed (47.927115, -122.181581); 
Unnamed (47.928771, -122.182785); Unnamed (47.929155, -122.1575); 
Unnamed (47.9292, -122.16225); Unnamed (47.931447, -122.155867); 
Unnamed (47.935459, -122.190942); Unnamed (47.935975, -122.19135); 
Unnamed (47.936814, -122.170221); Unnamed (47.939084, -122.174422); 
Unnamed (47.939185, -122.192305); Unnamed (47.939694, -122.150153); 
Unnamed (47.940939, -122.155435); Unnamed (47.940947, -122.157858); 
Unnamed (47.94244, -122.157373); Unnamed (47.942726, -122.17536); 
Unnamed (47.945442, -122.192582); Unnamed (47.94649, -122.146106); 
Unnamed (47.946592, -122.146917); Unnamed (47.947975, -122.179796); 
Unnamed (47.949211, -122.139884); Unnamed (47.949321, -122.159191); 
Unnamed (47.949477, -122.132724); Unnamed (47.949525, -122.141519); 
Unnamed (47.954551, -122.127872); Unnamed (47.954673, -122.126737); 
Unnamed (47.954755, -122.131233); Unnamed (47.955528, -122.131243); 
Unnamed (47.956927, -122.19563); Unnamed (47.959917, -122.126245); 
Unnamed (47.960424, -122.126126); Unnamed (47.960595, -122.12673); 
Unnamed (47.961773, -122.130148); Unnamed (47.99053, -122.133921); 
Unnamed (48.001732, -122.129584); Unnamed (48.035728, -122.158051); 
Unnamed (48.038525, -122.160828); Unnamed (48.039738, -122.153565); 
Unnamed (48.041372, -122.151583); Unnamed (48.042963, -122.150051); 
Unnamed (48.044102, -122.147735); Unnamed (48.047591, -122.150945); 
Unnamed (48.048094, -122.159389); Weiser Creek (48.004603, -
122.127993); West Fork Quilceda Creek (48.114329, -122.192036); Wood 
Creek (47.925014, -122.184669); Wood Creek (47.946568, -122.177043).
    (10) Lake Washington 17110012--(i) Cedar River 1711001201. 
Outlet(s) = Cedar River (Lat 47.500458, Long -122.215889); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Cedar River (47.419017, -121.781807); Hotel Creek 
(47.412859, -121.910189); Madsen Creek (47.454959, -122.139271); 
Molasses Creek (47.458236, -122.160236); North Rock Creek (47.398935, -
121.906887); Peterson Creek (47.421385, -122.071428); Rock Creek 
(47.361425, -121.989528); Seventeen Creek (47.392916, -121.820937); 
Steele Creek (47.41485, -121.820204); Taylor Creek (47.371712, -
121.827216); Webster Creek (47.415607, -121.919722); Williams Creek 
(47.406308, -121.859432); Unnamed (47.412034, -122.005441); Unnamed 
(47.397644, -122.015869); Walsh Lake Diversion Ditch (47.388412, -
121.983268).
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (11) Duwamish Subbasin 17110013--(i) Upper Green River Watershed 
1711001301. Outlet(s) = Green River (Lat 47.147332, Long -121.337530); 
Smay Creek (47.22558, -121.608029); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Friday 
Creek (47.220272, -121.457068); Green Canyon (47.224794, -121.573207); 
Intake Creek (47.205494, -121.400407); Lester Creek (47.201505, -
121.478166); Mccain Creek (47.209121, -121.530424); Sawmill Creek 
(47.169396, -121.450398); Smay Creek (47.262876, -121.571182); Snow 
Creek (47.267186, -121.414); Rock Creek (47.178042, -121.519565); Twin 
Camp (47.172731, -121.380409); West Creek (47.261865, -121.413235); 
West Fork Smay Creek (47.274569, -121.606566); Wolf Creek (47.21422, -
121.581762); Sunday Creek (47.258566, -121.367101); Tacoma Creek 
(47.187342, -121.364175).
    (ii) Middle Green River Watershed 1711001302. Outlet(s) = Green 
River (Lat 47.288124, Long -121.97032); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Bear Creek (47.277192, -121.800206); Boundary Creek (47.274726, -
121.71933); Charley Creek (47.245104, -121.789334); Cougar Creek 
(47.243692, -121.645414); Eagle Creek (47.304949, -121.723086); Gale 
Creek (47.263433, -121.700312); Green River (47.222773, -121.608297); 
North Fork Green River (47.284327, -121.665707); Piling Creek 
(47.281819, -121.756524); Smay Creek (47.22558, -121.608029); Sylvester 
Creek (47.245565, -121.654863).
    (iii) Lower Green River Watershed 1711001303. Outlet(s) = Duwamish 
Waterway (Lat 47.583483, Long -122.359684); Unnamed (47.588989, -
122.34426); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Big Soos Creek (47.372078, -
122.144432); Black River (47.417508, -122.185115); Burns Creek 
(47.289464, -122.075333); Crisp Creek (47.294623, -122.055513); Cristy 
Creek (47.27092, -122.017489); Green River (47.288124, -121.97032); 
Jenkins Creek (47.37728, -122.080576); Little Soos Creek (47.378342, -
122.106081); Mill Creek (47.303262, -122.272491); Newaukum Creek 
(47.225659, -121.906874);

[[Page 9303]]

Ravensdale Creek (47.33485, -122.02312); Rock Creek (47.310539, -
122.024859); Stonequarry Creek (47.244084, -121.932273); Unnamed 
(47.220884, -122.023242); Unnamed (47.220892, -122.016139); Unnamed 
(47.234075, -121.931801); Unnamed (47.325011, -122.200079); Unnamed 
(47.335135, -122.154992); Unnamed (47.353478, -122.258274); Unnamed 
(47.360321, -122.225589); Unnamed (47.374183, -122.103011); Unnamed 
(47.389595, -122.225993).
    (12) Puyallup Subbasin 17110014--(i) Upper White River Watershed 
1711001401. Outlet(s) = Greenwater River (Lat 47.158517, Long -
121.659041); White River (47.158251, -121.659559); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: George Creek (47.099306, -121.472868); Greenwater River 
(47.091025, -121.456044); Huckleberry Creek (47.053496, -121.616046); 
Pyramid Creek (47.113047, -121.455762); Twentyeight Mile Creek 
(47.060856, -121.511537); Unnamed (47.051445, -121.71716); Unnamed 
(47.12065, -121.554216); Unnamed (47.134311, -121.583518); West Fork 
White River (47.047717, -121.692719); Whistle Creek (47.118448, -
121.489277); White River (47.01416, -121.529457); Wrong Creek 
(47.043096, -121.699618).
    (ii) Lower White River Watershed 1711001402. Outlet(s) = White 
River (Lat 47.200025, Long -122.255912); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Boise Creek (47.195608, -121.947967); Camp Creek (47.147051, -
121.703951); Canyon Creek (47.13331, -121.862029); Clearwater River 
(47.084983, -121.783524); Greenwater River (47.158517, -121.659041); 
Scatter Creek (47.162429, -121.87438); Unnamed (47.222955, -
122.097188); Unnamed (47.229087, -122.07162); Unnamed (47.233808, -
122.109926); Unnamed (47.245631, -122.058795); Unnamed (47.247135, -
122.22738); Unnamed (47.25371, -122.264826); Unnamed (47.261283, -
122.13136); Unnamed (47.268104, -122.25123); Unnamed (47.238173, -
122.223415); White River (47.158251, -121.659559).
    (iii) Carbon River Watershed 1711001403. Outlet(s) = Carbon River 
(Lat 47.123651, Long -122.229222); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Carbon 
River (46.993075, -121.926834); Coplar Creek (47.072996, -122.167682); 
Gale Creek (47.086262, -122.015047); Page Creek (47.12503, -
122.009401); South Fork South Prairie Creek (47.099283, -121.954505); 
Unnamed (47.096464, -122.141219); Unnamed (47.097218, -122.145432); 
Unnamed (47.141246, -122.058699); Voight Creek (47.077134, -
122.131266); Wilkeson Creek (47.089113, -122.011371).
    (iv) Upper Puyallup River Watershed 1711001404. Outlet(s) = Carbon 
River (Lat 47.130578, Long -122.232672); Puyallup River (47.130572, -
122.232719); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Carbon River (47.123651, -
122.229222); Fox Creek (47.012694, -122.183844); Kellog Creek 
(46.913785, -122.083644); Le Dout Creek (46.935374, -122.054579); 
Niesson Creek (46.88451, -122.032222); Ohop Creek (46.941896, -
122.222784); Puyallup River (46.904305, -122.03511); Unnamed 
(46.901022, -122.053271); Unnamed (46.915301, -122.08532); Unnamed 
(47.033738, -122.183585); Unnamed (47.072524, -122.217752); Unnamed 
(47.077709, -122.21324).
    (v) Lower Puyallup River Watershed 1711001405. Outlet(s) = Hylebos 
Creek (Lat 47.260936, Long -122.360296); Puyallup River (47.262018, -
122.419738); Wapato Creek (47.254142, -122.376043); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Canyonfalls Creek (47.141497, -122.220946); Carbon 
River (47.130578, -122.232672); Clarks Creek (47.175558, -122.318004); 
Clarks Creek (47.214046, -122.341441); Fennel Creek (47.149294, -
122.186141); Hylebos Creek (47.268092, -122.304897); Puyallup River 
(47.130572, -122.232719); Simons Creek (47.223614, -122.306576); Swam 
Creek (47.198605, -122.392952); Unnamed (47.192643, -122.338319); 
Unnamed (47.212642, -122.362772); Unnamed (47.284933, -122.328406); 
West Hylebos Creek (47.28045, -122.319677); White River (47.200025, -
122.255912).
    (13) Nisqually Subbasin 17110015--(i) Mashel/Ohop Watershed 
1711001502. Outlet(s) = Lackamas Creek (Lat 46.8589, Long -122.488209); 
Nisqually River (46.864078, -122.478318); Tobolton Creek (46.863143, -
122.480177); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Beaver Creek (46.858889, -
122.187968); Busy Wild Creek (46.797885, -122.041534); Little Mashel 
River (46.850176, -122.27362); Lynch Creek (46.879792, -122.275113); 
Mashel River (46.84805, -122.104803); Nisqually River (46.823001, -
122.30402); Ohop Valley Creek (46.924846, -122.260991); Powell Creek 
(46.84388, -122.436634); Tanwax Creek (46.941782, -122.280108); 
Tobolton Creek (46.823649, -122.48512); Twentyfive Mile Creek 
(46.924778, -122.259359); Unnamed (46.832309, -122.528978); Unnamed 
(46.907314, -122.261798).
    (ii) Lowland Watershed 1711001503. Outlet(s) = Mcallister Creek 
(Lat 47.086256, Long -122.72842); Nisqually River (47.098476, -
122.698813); Red Salmon Creek (47.096419, -122.687018); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Horn Creek (46.917907, -122.464722); Lacamas Creek 
(46.974424, -122.477971); Lacamas Creek (47.008577, -122.53729); 
Lackamas Creek (46.8589, -122.488209); Mcallister Creek (47.029715, -
122.724885); Muck Creek (47.024063, -122.333195); Murray Creek 
(46.978923, -122.494325); Nisqually River (46.864078, -122.478318); Red 
Salmon Creek (47.083089, -122.678869); South Creek (46.985228, -
122.287693); Thompson Creek (46.953803, -122.63521); Tobolton Creek 
(46.863143, -122.480177); Unnamed (46.88276, -122.481929); Unnamed 
(46.92337, -122.522371); Unnamed (46.999957, -122.652251); Unnamed 
(47.034211, -122.674166); Unnamed (47.03749, -122.735619); Unnamed 
(47.083824, -122.682663); Yelm Creek (46.947774, -122.606162).
    (14) Deschutes 17110016--(i) Deschutes River-Lake Lawrence 
1711001601. Outlet(s) = Deschutes River (Lat 46.858414, -122.703615); 
upstream to endpoint(s) in: Deschutes River (46.803719, -122.41723); 
Fall Creek (46.801851, -122.508518); Hull Creek (46.815628, -
122.551688); Johnson Creek (46.771083, -122.424056); Mitchell Creek 
(46.764822, -122.520257); Pipeline Creek (46.815019, -122.557139); 
Thurston Creek (46.787177, -122.426181); Unnamed (46.776798, -
122.456757); Unnamed (46.821012, -122.552051); Unnamed (46.825293, -
122.597406).
    (ii) Deschutes River-Capitol Lake 1711001602. Outlet(s) = Deschutes 
River (Lat 47.043613, Long -122.909102); upstream to endpoint(s) in: 
Deschutes River (46.858414, -122.703615); Unnamed (46.883422, -
122.791346); Unnamed (46.885585, -122.765692); Unnamed (46.900133, -
122.761883); Unnamed (46.920776, -122.814054).
    (15) Skokomish Subbasin 17110017--(i) Skokomish River Watershed 
1711001701. Outlet(s) = Skokomish River (Lat 47.354102, Long -
123.113454); Unnamed (47.346915, -123.1288); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Aristine Creek (47.339036, -123.330797); Brown Creek (47.426884, -
123.273846); Cedar Creek (47.438747, -123.412558); Church Creek 
(47.460295, -123.455165); Fir Creek (47.336146, -123.302908); Frigid 
Creek (47.378231, -123.241695); Gibbons Creek (47.401886, -123.237898); 
Harp Creek (47.403646, -123.307961); Kirkland Creek

[[Page 9304]]

(47.31996, -123.290062); Le Bar Creek (47.42431, -123.321985); 
Mctaggert Creek (47.415308, -123.249773); Mussel Shell Creek 
(47.299392, -123.154163); North Fork Skokomish River (47.398124, -
123.201673); Pine Creek (47.443201, -123.429394); Purdy Canyon 
(47.30192, -123.181551); Purdy Creek (47.304446, -123.188829); South 
Fork Skokomish River (47.490355, -123.460444); Unnamed (47.307518, -
123.202431); Unnamed (47.309215, -123.151179); Unnamed (47.312777, -
123.250097); Unnamed (47.314724, -123.179082); Unnamed (47.315244, -
123.177395); Unnamed (47.317283, -123.233949); Unnamed (47.318056, -
123.168869); Unnamed (47.319036, -123.198978); Unnamed (47.320262, -
123.233188); Unnamed (47.321111, -123.168254); Unnamed (47.32192, -
123.307559); Unnamed (47.32264, -123.166947); Unnamed (47.324298, -
123.166032); Unnamed (47.32618, -123.165265); Unnamed (47.327954, -
123.1645); Unnamed (47.340589, -123.229732); Vance Creek (47.363339, -
123.37747); Weaver Creek (47.309516, -123.23971).
    (ii) [Reserved]
    (16) Hood Canal Subbasin 17110018--(i) Lower West Hood Canal 
Frontal Watershed 1711001802. Outlet(s) = Eagle Creek (Lat 47.484737, 
Long -123.077896); Finch Creek (47.406474, -123.13894); Fulton Creek 
(47.618077, -122.974895); Jorsted Creek (47.526147, -123.050128); 
Lilliwaup Creek (47.468701, -123.114852); Unnamed (47.457462, -
123.112951); Unnamed (47.570832, -123.01278); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Eagle Creek (47.499033, -123.100927); Finch Creek (47.406575, -
123.145463); Fulton Creek (47.628033, -122.985435); Jorsted Creek 
(47.52439, -123.066123); Lilliwaup Creek (47.470625, -123.116282); 
Unnamed (47.459167, -123.133047); Unnamed (47.57275, -123.020786).
    (ii) Hamma Hamma River Watershed 1711001803. Outlet(s) = Hamma 
Hamma River (Lat 47.546939, Long -123.045218); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Hamma Hamma River (47.560258, -123.066043); North Fork John Creek 
(47.545766, -123.072377); South Fork John Creek (47.541154, -
123.07576).
    (iii) Duckabush River Watershed 1711001804. Outlet(s) = Duckabush 
River (Lat 47.650063, Long -122.936017); Unnamed (47.651985, -
122.935914); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Duckabush River (47.683876, -
123.069991); Unnamed (47.656559, -122.939617); Unnamed (47.658797, -
122.946881); Unnamed (47.664171, -122.958939); Unnamed (47.665164, -
122.971688).
    (iv) Dosewallips River Watershed 1711001805. Outlet(s) = 
Dosewallips River (Lat 47.687868, Long -122.895799); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Dosewallips River (47.728734, -123.112328); Gamm Creek 
(47.740548, -123.064117); Rocky Brook (47.720965, -122.941729); Unnamed 
(47.703663, -122.942585); Unnamed (47.718461, -123.001437).
    (v) Big Quilcene River Watershed 1711001806. Outlet(s) = Big 
Quilcene River (Lat 47.818629, Long -122.861797); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Big Quilcene River (47.81031, -122.91278); Unnamed 
(47.844904, -122.934513).
    (vi) Upper West Hood Canal Frontal Watershed 1711001807. Outlet(s) 
= Donovan Creek (Lat 47.827622, Long -122.858429); Indian George Creek 
(47.807881, -122.869227); Little Quilcene River (47.826459, -
122.862109); Spencer Creek (47.745578, -122.875483); Tarboo Creek 
(47.860282, -122.813536); Thorndyke Creek (47.816713, -122.739675); 
Unnamed (47.69516, -122.807343); Unnamed (47.742597, -122.767326); 
Unnamed (47.780439, -122.865654); Unnamed (47.803054, -122.748043); 
Unnamed (47.809788, -122.791892); Unnamed (47.827807, -122.696476); 
Unnamed (47.870429, -122.693831); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Donovan 
Creek (47.852344, -122.859015); Indian George Creek (47.806041, -
122.872191); Leland Creek (47.87993, -122.878552); Little Quilcene 
River (47.87162, -122.920887); Spencer Creek (47.757649, -122.895277); 
Tarboo Creek (47.917525, -122.825126); Unnamed (47.700468, -
122.804836); Unnamed (47.745248, -122.772127); Unnamed (47.780486, -
122.870015); Unnamed (47.817369, -122.763825); Unnamed (47.826301, -
122.786512); Unnamed (47.845809, -122.709645); Unnamed (47.847797, -
122.878694); Unnamed (47.857542, -122.837721); Unnamed (47.86785, -
122.773687); Unnamed (47.871141, -122.795142); Unnamed (47.886493, -
122.830585); Unnamed (47.888336, -122.801101); Unnamed (47.889882, -
122.698239).
    (vii) West Kitsap Watershed 1711001808. Outlet(s) = Anderson Creek 
(Lat 47.566784, Long -122.967625); Anderson Creek (47.665387, -
122.757767); Big Beef Creek (47.651916, -122.783607); Boyce Creek 
(47.609223, -122.915305); Dewatto River (47.45363, -123.048642); 
Mission Creek (47.430736, -122.872828); Seabeck Creek (47.63558, -
122.834296); Stavis Creek (47.625046, -122.872893); Tahuya River 
(47.376565, -123.038419); Union River (47.44818, -122.838076); Unnamed 
(47.453546, -123.048616); Unnamed (47.585137, -122.945064); Unnamed 
(47.826269, -122.56367); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Anderson Creek 
(47.660179, -122.756351); Bear Creek (47.498732, -122.811755); Big Beef 
Creek (47.589887, -122.846319); Boyce Creek (47.609187, -122.914277); 
Mission Creek (47.499061, -122.850487); Seabeck Creek (47.623835, -
122.838375); Stavis Creek (47.605496, -122.872936); Tin Mine Creek 
(47.577069, -122.829158); Union River (47.527109, -122.785967); Unnamed 
(47.416887, -122.999502); Unnamed (47.43499, -123.053793); Unnamed 
(47.438227, -123.043285); Unnamed (47.451055, -123.016346); Unnamed 
(47.451077, -122.914789); Unnamed (47.454548, -122.986648); Unnamed 
(47.457926, -122.82675); Unnamed (47.459434, -122.841199); Unnamed 
(47.461807, -122.986012); Unnamed (47.464136, -122.996728); Unnamed 
(47.471436, -123.026462); Unnamed (47.472953, -122.853144); Unnamed 
(47.473856, -122.98827); Unnamed (47.496903, -122.832756); Unnamed 
(47.499811, -122.959843); Unnamed (47.513538, -122.976821); Unnamed 
(47.518086, -122.944624); Unnamed (47.533867, -122.966128); Unnamed 
(47.556351, -122.93869); Unnamed (47.578134, -122.831814); Unnamed 
(47.578146, -122.944137); Unnamed (47.617962, -122.881294); Unnamed 
(47.823731, -122.557569).
    (17) Kitsap Subbasin 17110019--(i) Kennedy/Goldsborough Watershed 
1711001900. Outlet(s) = Campbell Creek (Lat 47.222039, Long -
123.025109); Cranberry Creek (47.262433, -123.015892); Deer Creek 
(47.259411, -123.009378); Goldsborough Creek (47.209541, -123.09519); 
Kennedy Creek (47.096767, -123.085708); Johns Creek (47.246105, -
123.042959); Lynch Creek (47.152742, -123.052635); Malaney Creek 
(47.25142, -123.0197); Mill Creek (47.195478, -122.996269); Perry Creek 
(47.04923, -123.005168); Schneider Creek (47.091599, -123.075637); 
Shelton Creek (47.213868, -123.095177); Sherwood Creek (47.375171, -
122.835464); Skookum Creek (47.127879, -123.088396); Uncle John Creek 
(47.223441, -123.028998); Unnamed (47.138813, -123.076426); Unnamed 
(47.348035, -123.073581); Unnamed (47.406636, -122.887438); Unnamed 
(47.43145, -122.848454); Unnamed (47.378832, -122.974308); Unnamed 
(47.382516, -122.948722); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Campbell Creek 
(47.226397, -122.997893); Cranberry Creek (47.283615, -123.111755); 
Deer

[[Page 9305]]

Creek (47.327279, -122.911546); Gosnell Creek (47.132634, -123.208108); 
Johns Creek (47.252177, -123.129051); Kamilche Creek (47.109481, -
123.120016); Kennedy Creek (47.079184, -123.126612); Lynch Creek 
(47.16124, -123.063246); Malaney Creek (47.248952, -123.011342); North 
Fork Goldsborough Creek (47.226417, -123.221454); Perry Creek 
(47.053893, -123.021482); Rock Creek (47.173241, -123.200765); 
Schneider Creek (47.071686, -123.056453); Shelton Creek (47.22776, -
123.11259); Shumocher Creek (47.31782, -122.992107); South Fork 
Goldsborough Creek (47.186447, -123.252006); Uncle John Creek 
(47.230245, -123.028211); Unnamed (47.081522, -123.102753); Unnamed 
(47.097705, -123.216015); Unnamed (47.100105, -123.216045); Unnamed 
(47.1455, -123.081178); Unnamed (47.149979, -123.116498); Unnamed 
(47.154715, -123.122654); Unnamed (47.182813, -123.154821); Unnamed 
(47.183317, -122.993257); Unnamed (47.187858, -123.166457); Unnamed 
(47.209485, -123.249564); Unnamed (47.223587, -122.981336); Unnamed 
(47.225845, -123.243846); Unnamed (47.226397, -122.997893); Unnamed 
(47.25604, -123.060758); Unnamed (47.293868, -123.03765); Unnamed 
(47.322265, -122.993083); Unnamed (47.345989, -123.087997); Unnamed 
(47.361619, -122.901294); Unnamed (47.36676, -122.866433); Unnamed 
(47.37043, -122.975612); Unnamed (47.378331, -122.84611); Unnamed 
(47.37179, -122.957923); Unnamed (47.385117, -122.898154); Unnamed 
(47.41665, -122.847985).
    (ii) Puget Sound 1711001901. Outlet(s) = Anderson Creek (Lat 
47.527851, Long -122.683072); Barker Creek (47.637847, -122.670114); 
Blackjack Creek (47.542244, -122.627229); Burley Creek (47.412304, -
122.631424); Chico Creek (47.602679, -122.705419); Clear Creek 
(47.652349, -122.68632); Coulter Creek (47.406361, -122.819291); 
Crescent Valley (47.345209, -122.583101); Crouch Creek (47.652147, -
122.62956); Curley Creek (47.523499, -122.546087); Gorst Creek 
(47.527855, -122.697881); Illahe Creek (-122.595950, 47.610235); 
Mccormick Creek (47.371692, -122.624236); Minter Creek (47.371035, -
122.702469); North Creek (47.337484, -122.592533); Olalla Creek 
(47.425398, -122.551857); Purdy Creek (47.387232, -122.626582); Rocky 
Creek (47.371062, -122.78137); Unnamed (47.538696, -122.65636); Unnamed 
(47.645936, -122.69393); Unnamed (47.712429, -122.613727); Unnamed 
(47.717886, -122.656445); Unnamed (47.750936, -122.649151); Unnamed 
(47.770208, -122.559178); Unnamed (47.794724, -122.512034); upstream to 
endpoint(s) in: Anderson Creek (47.505029, -122.69725); Barker Creek 
(47.647598, -122.658222); Blackjack Creek (47.477097, -122.648962); 
Burley Creek (47.477671, -122.616862); Clear Creek (47.685465, -
122.684758); Coulter Creek (47.44497, -122.768147); Crescent Valley 
(47.387661, -122.573475); Crouch Creek (47.652949, -122.636766); Curley 
Creek (47.470853, -122.591807); Dickerson Creek (47.574216, -
122.730548); Gorst Creek (47.517739, -122.743902); Heins Creek 
(47.532474, -122.719281); Huge Creek (47.416967, -122.697785); Illahe 
Creek (-122.610219, 47.608727); Kitsap Creek (47.565562, -122.705833); 
Lost Creek (47.580058, -122.772143); Mccormick Creek (47.360692, -
122.616179); Minter Creek (47.417427, -122.68133); North Creek 
(47.345176, -122.602062); Olalla Creek (47.458804, -122.575015); Parish 
Creek (47.525007, -122.715043); Purdy Creek (47.424097, -122.601949); 
Rocky Creek (47.406815, -122.784426); Salmonberry Creek (47.521201, -
122.583691); Unnamed (47.375417, -122.764465); Unnamed (47.407431, -
122.816273); Unnamed (47.458461, -122.654176); Unnamed (47.461146, -
122.658942); Unnamed (47.508334, -122.678469); Unnamed (47.647488, -
122.631401); Unnamed (47.652615, -122.705727); Unnamed (47.655222, -
122.70488); Unnamed (47.656966, -122.63518); Unnamed (47.669431, -
122.688117); Unnamed (47.717933, -122.672648); Unnamed (47.718897, -
122.613062); Unnamed (47.760942, -122.618495); Unnamed (47.763767, -
122.637787); Unnamed (47.809222, -122.537334); Unnamed (47.80967, -
122.532478); Unnamed (47.583852, -122.799196); Unnamed (47.386707, -
122.68788); Unnamed (47.772157, -122.560033); Unnamed (47.772641, -
122.555341); Unnamed (47.796516, -122.513062); Unnamed (47.689613, -
122.537011); Wildcat Creek (47.601646, -122.774958).
    (iii) Woodland Creek-McLane Creek Frontal 1711001902. Outlet(s) = 
McLane Creek (Lat 47.03475, Long -122.990395); Unnamed (47.095699, -
122.94549); Woodard Creek (47.120914, -122.861775); Woodland Creek 
(47.092725, -122.823614); upstream to endpoint(s) in: McLane Creek 
(47.001481, -123.009329); Swift Creek (47.031622, -123.008267); Unnamed 
(47.028842, -122.985445); Unnamed (47.060468, -122.964496); Unnamed 
(47.071776, -122.827649); Woodard Creek (47.040784, -122.853709); 
Woodland Creek (47.034018, -122.781534);
    (iv) Puget Sound-East Passage 1711001904. Outlet(s) = Christensen 
Creek (Lat 47.403038, Long -122.51902); Judd Creek (47.402315, -
122.467989); Lunds Gulch (47.859951, -122.334873); Shingle Mill Creek 
(47.480286, -122.482557); Unnamed (47.646085, -122.567546); Unnamed 
(47.694552, -122.536480); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Judd Creek 
(47.416852, -122.47661); Lunds Gulch (47.859132, -122.327183); Shingle 
Mill Creek (47.467927, -122.474433); Unnamed (47.40206, -122.512865); 
Unnamed (47.641478, -122.566998); Unnamed (47.689613, -122.537011).
    (v) Chambers Creek 1711001906. Outlet(s) = Chambers Creek (Lat 
47.186966, Long -122.583739); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Chambers 
Creek (47.155756, -122.527739); Clover Creek (47.136455, -122.433679); 
Clover Creek (47.155756, -122.527739); Flett Creek (47.179364, -
122.497762); Leach Creek (47.209364, -122.512372); Ponce De Leon Creek 
(47.162148, -122.52888).
    (vi) Port Ludlow Creek-Chimacum Creek 1711001908. Outlet(s) = 
Chimacum Creek (Lat 48.050532, Long -122.784429); Unnamed (47.917613, -
122.703872); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Unnamed (47.918337, -
122.709325); Unnamed (47.927687, -122.805588); Unnamed (47.947673, -
122.850871); Unnamed (47.954906, -122.7614); Unnamed (47.986329, -
122.80519).
    (18) Dungeness-Elwha Subbasin 17110020--(i) Discovery Bay Watershed 
1711002001. Outlet(s) = Contractors Creek (Lat 48.04559, Long -
122.874989); Salmon Creek (47.989306, -122.889155); Snow Creek 
(47.989848, -122.88472); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Andrews Creek 
(47.916408, -122.900812); Contractors Creek (48.041198, -122.879974); 
Salmon Creek (47.968169, -122.963869); Snow Creek (47.935356, -
122.943211).
    (ii) Sequim Bay Watershed 1711002002. Outlet(s) = Bell Creek (Lat 
48.083191, Long -123.052803); Jimmycomelately Creek (48.023348, -
123.005179); Johnson Creek (48.062731, -123.040899); Unnamed 
(48.028495, -122.996498); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Bell Creek 
(48.062921, -123.103118); Jimmycomelately Creek (47.991106, -
123.012853); Johnson Creek (48.054282, -123.060541); Unnamed (47.98473, 
-123.004078);

[[Page 9306]]

Unnamed (48.028602, -122.994476); Unnamed (48.077698, -123.085489).
    (iii) Dungeness River Watershed 1711002003. Outlet(s) = Cassalery 
Creek (Lat 48.134645, Long -123.096671); Dungeness River (48.150413, -
123.132404); Gierin Creek (48.115086, -123.060063); Unnamed (48.137866, 
-123.101098); Unnamed (48.153473, -123.12799); upstream to endpoint(s) 
in: Bear Creek (48.05479, -123.159906); Canyon Creek (48.022505, -
123.141514); Cassalery Creek (48.105307, -123.121002); Dungeness River 
(47.938446, -123.089756); Gierin Creek (48.091597, -123.095521); Gold 
Creek (47.941297, -123.086086); Gray Wolf River (47.916035, -
123.242895); Matriotti Creek (48.068168, -123.193047); Unnamed 
(48.065991, -123.17376); Unnamed (48.06625, -123.169857); Unnamed 
(48.068168, -123.193047); Unnamed (48.068308, -123.193024); Unnamed 
(48.090644, -123.191398); Unnamed (48.106277, -123.076132); Unnamed 
(48.107219, -123.187879); Unnamed (48.112875, -123.160292); Unnamed 
(48.116253, -123.157937); Unnamed (48.116481, -123.141572); Unnamed 
(48.118304, -123.078321); Unnamed (48.124002, -123.143503); Unnamed 
(48.127704, -123.111613); Unnamed (48.12912, -123.148566); Unnamed 
(48.130335, -123.127456).
    (iv) Port Angeles Harbor Watershed 1711002004. Outlet(s) = Bagley 
Creek (Lat 48.114035, Long -123.340599); Dry Creek (48.134316, -
123.520821); Ennis Creek (48.117472, -123.405373); Lees Creek 
(48.114686, -123.388339); McDonald Creek (48.125382, -123.220649); 
Morse Creek (48.117713, -123.351674); Siebert Creek (48.120481, -
123.289579); Tumwater Creek (48.124386, -123.445396); Valley Creek 
(48.122912, -123.437893); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Bagley Creek 
(48.057013, -123.319844); Dry Creek (48.123255, -123.520058); East Fork 
Lees Creek (48.075209, -123.37549); East Fork Siebert Creek (48.02011, 
-123.287767); Ennis Creek (48.052991, -123.411534); Lees Creek 
(48.078066, -123.394993); McDonald Creek (48.017887, -123.232576); 
Morse Creek (48.061048, -123.349345); Pederson Creek (48.026991, -
123.253803); Tumwater Creek (48.092665, -123.4702); Unnamed (48.0143, -
123.260326); Unnamed (48.030295, -123.301668); Valley Creek (48.106808, 
-123.451781); West Fork Siebert Creek (48.000634, -123.304205).
    (v) Elwha River Watershed 1711002007. Outlet(s) = Elwha River (Lat 
48.146456, Long -123.568438); upstream to endpoint(s) in: Elwha River 
(47.742466, -123.54088); Unnamed (48.13353, -123.557816); Unnamed 
(48.143336, -123.555008); Indian Creek (48.07806, -123.725186); Little 
River (48.05994, -123.520805).
    (19) Maps of proposed critical habitat for the Puget Sound 
steelhead DPS follow:

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[FR Doc. 2016-03409 Filed 2-23-16; 8:45 am]
 BILLING CODE 3510-22-C