[Federal Register Volume 76, Number 84 (Monday, May 2, 2011)]
[Notices]
[Pages 24497-24498]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2011-10500]


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DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES

National Institutes of Health


New Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Neuropsychosocial 
Measures Formative Research Methodology Studies for the National 
Children's Study

SUMMARY: In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of 
the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, for opportunity for public comment 
on proposed data collection projects, the National Institute of Child 
Health and Human Development (NICHD), the National Institutes of Health 
(NIH) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects to be 
submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and 
approval.

Proposed Collection

    Title: Neuro-developmental and Psycho-Social Measures Formative 
Research Studies for the National Children's Study (NCS).
    Type of Information Collection Request: Generic Clearance.
    Need and Use of Information Collection: The Children's Health Act 
of 2000 (Public Law 106-310) states:

    (a) PURPOSE.--It is the purpose of this section to authorize the 
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development* to conduct 
a national longitudinal study of environmental influences (including 
physical, chemical, biological, and psychosocial) on children's 
health and development.
    (b) IN GENERAL.--The Director of the National Institute of Child 
Health and Human Development* shall establish a consortium of 
representatives from appropriate Federal agencies (including the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Environmental 
Protection Agency) to--
    (1) plan, develop, and implement a prospective cohort study, 
from birth to adulthood, to evaluate the effects of both chronic and 
intermittent exposures on child health and human development; and
    (2) investigate basic mechanisms of developmental disorders and 
environmental factors, both risk and protective, that influence 
health and developmental processes.
    (c) REQUIREMENT.--The study under subsection (b) shall--
    (1) incorporate behavioral, emotional, educational, and 
contextual consequences to enable a complete assessment of the 
physical, chemical, biological, and psychosocial environmental 
influences on children's well-being;
    (2) gather data on environmental influences and outcomes on 
diverse populations of children, which may include the consideration 
of prenatal exposures; and
    (3) consider health disparities among children, which may 
include the consideration of prenatal exposures.

    To fulfill the requirements of the Children's Health Act, the 
results of formative research will be used to maximize the efficiency 
(measured by scientific robustness, participant and infrastructure 
burden, and cost) of tools to assess language, behavior, and 
neurodevelopment, psychosocial stress, and health literacy and thereby 
inform data collection methodologies for the National Children's Study 
(NCS) Vanguard and Main Studies. With this submission, the NCS seeks to 
obtain an OMB generic clearance to conduct formative research featuring 
neuro-developmental and psycho-social measures.
    The NCS has obtained an OMB generic clearance to conduct survey and 
instrument design and administration, focus groups, cognitive 
interviews, and health and social service provider feedback information 
collection surrounding outreach, recruitment, and retention (0925-0590; 
requesting renewal). Under separate notice, the NCS is also requesting 
an OMB generic clearance to conduct formative research featuring 
biospecimen and physical measures, environmental, and study logistic 
information collection. These separate and distinct generic clearances 
are requested to facilitate the efficiency of submission and review of 
these projects as required by the OMB Office of Information and 
Regulatory Affairs.

Background

    The National Children's Study is a prospective, national 
longitudinal study of the interaction between environment, genetics on 
child health and development. The Study defines ``environment'' 
broadly, taking a number of natural and man-made environmental, 
biological, genetic, and psychosocial factors into account. By studying 
children through their different phases of growth and development, 
researchers will be better able to understand the role these factors 
have on health and disease. Findings from the Study will be made 
available as the research progresses, making potential benefits known 
to the public as soon as possible. The National Children's Study is led 
by a consortium of federal partners: the U.S. Department of Health and 
Human Services (including the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute 
of Child Health and Human Development and the National Institute of 
Environmental Health Sciences of the National Institutes of Health and 
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), and the U.S. 
Environmental Protection Agency.
    To conduct the detailed preparation needed for a study of this size 
and complexity, the NCS was designed to include a preliminary pilot 
study known as the Vanguard Study. The purpose of the Vanguard Study is 
to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of the recruitment 
strategy, study procedures, and outcome assessments that are to be used 
in the NCS Main Study. The Vanguard Study begins prior to the NCS Main 
Study and will run in parallel with the Main Study. At every phase of 
the NCS, the multiple methodological studies conducted during the 
Vanguard phase will inform the implementation and analysis plan for the 
Main Study.
    In this submission, NCS is requesting an OMB generic clearance for 
formative research activities relating to the collection of neuro-
developmental and psycho-social measures. The results from these 
formative research projects will inform the feasibility (scientific 
robustness), acceptability (burden to participants and study logistics) 
and cost of NCS Vanguard and Main Study neuro-developmental and psycho-
social measures in a manner that minimizes public information 
collection burden compared to burden anticipated if these projects were 
incorporated directly into either the NCS Vanguard or Main Study.
    The NCS has obtained generic clearance for formative research 
activities pertaining to outreach, recruitment and retention (0925-
0590).

[[Page 24498]]

Under separate notice, the NCS also requests an OMB generic clearance 
for formative research featuring biospecimen and physical measures, 
environmental, and study logistic information collection. Separate and 
distinct generic clearances are requested to facilitate the efficiency 
of submission and review of these projects as required by the OMB 
Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs.
    Frequency of Response: Annual [As needed on an on-going and 
concurrent basis].
    Affected Public: Members of the public, researchers, practitioners, 
and other health professionals.
    Type of Respondents: Women of child-bearing age, infants, children, 
fathers, community leaders, members, and organizations, health care 
facilities and professionals, public health, environmental, social and 
cognitive science professional organizations and practitioners, 
hospital administrators, cultural and faith-based centers, and schools 
and child care organizations. These include both persons enrolled in 
the NCS Vanguard Study and their peers who are not participating in the 
NCS Vanguard Study.
    Annual reporting burden: See Table 1. The annualized cost to 
respondents is estimated at: $540,000 (based on $10 per hour). There 
are no Capital Costs to report. There are no Operating or Maintenance 
Costs to report.

                    Table 1--Estimated Annual Reporting Burden Summary, Environmental Science
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                     Estimated                       Estimated
                                     Type of         Estimated       number of        Average      total annual
   Data collection activity        respondent        number of     responses per   burden hours    burden hours
                                                    respondents     respondent     per response      requested
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adult Psychosocial Stress.....  NCS participants           4,000               1               1           4,000
                                Members of NCS             4,000               1               1           4,000
                                 target
                                 population (not
                                 NCS
                                 participants).
Child Developmental Measures..  NCS participants           4,000               1               1           4,000
                                Members of NCS             4,000               1               1           4,000
                                 target
                                 population (not
                                 NCS
                                 participants).
Health Disparities............  NCS participants           4,000               1               1           4,000
                                Members of NCS             4,000               1               1           4,000
                                 target
                                 population (not
                                 NCS
                                 participants).
Small, focused survey and       NCS participants           4,000               2               1           8,000
 instrument design and
 administration.
                                Members of NCS             4,000               2               1           8,000
                                 target
                                 population (not
                                 NCS
                                 participants).
                                Health and                 2,000               1               1           2,000
                                 Social Service
                                 Providers.
                                Community                  2,000               1               1           2,000
                                 Stakeholders.
Focus groups..................  NCS participants           2,000               1               1           2,000
                                Members of NCS             2,000               1               1           2,000
                                 target
                                 population (not
                                 NCS
                                 participants).
                                Health and                 2,000               1               1           2,000
                                 Social Service
                                 Providers.
                                Community                  2,000               1               1           2,000
                                 Stakeholders.
Cognitive Interviews..........  NCS Participants             500               1               2           1,000
                                Members Of NCS               500               1               2           1,000
                                 Target
                                 Population (Not
                                 NCS
                                 Participants).
                               ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Total.....................  ................          45,000  ..............  ..............          54,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Request for Comments: Written comments and/or suggestions from the 
public and affected agencies are invited on one or more of the 
following points: (1) Whether the proposed collection of information is 
necessary for the proper performance of the function of the agency, 
including whether the information will have practical utility; (2) The 
accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed 
collection of information, including the validity of the methodology 
and assumptions used; (3) Ways to minimize the burden of the collection 
of information on those who are to respond, including the use of 
appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological 
collection techniques or other forms of information technology.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: To request more information on the 
proposed project or to obtain a copy of the data collection plans and 
instruments, contact Dr. Sarah L. Glavin, Deputy Director, Office of 
Science Policy, Analysis and Communication, National Institute of Child 
Health and Human Development, 31 Center Drive, Room 2A18, Bethesda, 
Maryland 20892, or call non-toll free number (301) 496-1877 or e-mail 
your request, including your address to glavins@mail.nih.gov.
    Comments Due Date: Comments regarding this information collection 
are best assured of having their full effect if received within 60 days 
of the date of this publication.

    Dated: April 20, 2011.
Sarah L. Glavin,
Deputy Director, Office of Science Policy, Analysis and Communications, 
National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
[FR Doc. 2011-10500 Filed 4-29-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 4140-01-P