[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 173 (Wednesday, September 8, 2010)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 54540-54541]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-21955]



Bureau of Industry and Security

15 CFR Parts 742, 744, and 746

[Docket No. 100719301-0303-02]

Effects of Foreign Policy-Based Export Controls

AGENCY: Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce.

ACTION: Request for comments.


SUMMARY: The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is reviewing the 
foreign policy-based export controls in the Export Administration 
Regulations to determine whether they should be modified, rescinded or 
extended. To help make these determinations, BIS is seeking public 
comments on how existing foreign policy-based export controls have 
affected exporters and the general public.

DATES: Comments must be received by October 8, 2010.

ADDRESSES: Comments may be sent by e-mail to [email protected] 
or on paper to Regulatory Policy Division, Bureau of Industry and 
Security, Department of Commerce, 14th Street & Pennsylvania Avenue, 
NW., Room 2705, Washington, DC 20230. Include the phrase ``FPBEC 
Comment'' in the subject line of the e-mail message or on the envelope 
if submitting comments on paper. All comments must be in writing 
(either e-mail or on paper). All comments, including Personal 
Identifying Information (e.g., name, address) voluntarily submitted by 
the commenter will be a matter of public record and will be available 
for public inspection and copying. Do not submit Confidential Business 
Information or otherwise sensitive or protected information.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Director, Foreign Policy Division, 
Office of Nonproliferation Controls and Treaty Compliance, Bureau of 
Industry and Security, telephone 202-482-4252. Copies of the current 
Annual Foreign Policy Report to the Congress are available at http://www.bis.doc.gov/news/2010/2010_fpreport.pdf and copies may also be 
requested by calling the Office of Nonproliferation and Treaty 
Compliance at the number listed above.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Foreign policy-based controls in the Export 
Administration Regulations (EAR) are implemented pursuant to section 6 
of the Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended, (50 U.S.C. app. 
sections 2401-2420 (2000)) (EAA). The current foreign policy-based 
export controls maintained by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) 
are set forth in the EAR (15 CFR parts 730-774), including in parts 742 
(CCL Based Controls), 744 (End-User and End-Use Based Controls) and 746 
(Embargoes and Other Special Controls). These controls apply to a range 
of countries, items, activities and persons, including: Entities acting 
contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the 
United States (Sec.  744.11); certain general purpose microprocessors 
for ``military end-uses'' and ``military end-users'' (Sec.  744.17); 
significant items (SI): Hot section technology for the development, 
production, or overhaul of commercial aircraft engines, components, and 
systems (Sec.  742.14); encryption items (Sec.  742.15); crime control 
and detection items (Sec.  742.7); specially designed implements of 
torture (Sec.  742.11); certain firearms and related items based on the 
Organization of American States Model Regulations for the Control of 
the International Movement of Firearms, their Parts and Components and 
Munitions included within the Inter-American Convention Against the 
Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Ammunition, 
Explosives, and Other Related Materials (Sec.  742.17); regional 
stability items (Sec.  742.6); equipment and related technical data 
used in the design, development, production, or use of certain rocket 
systems and unmanned air vehicles (Sec. Sec.  742.5 and 744.3); 
chemical precursors and biological agents, associated equipment, 
technical data, and software related to the production of chemical and 
biological agents (Sec. Sec.  742.2 and 744.4) and various chemicals 
included on the list of those chemicals controlled pursuant to the 
Chemical Weapons Convention (Sec.  742.18); nuclear propulsion (Sec.  
744.5); aircraft and vessels (Sec.  744.7); restrictions on exports and 
reexports to certain persons designated as proliferators of weapons of 
mass destruction (Sec.  744.8); communication intercepting devices, 
software and technology (Sec.  742.13); embargoed countries (part 746); 
countries designated as supporters of acts of international terrorism 
(Sec. Sec.  742.8, 742.9, 742.10, 742.19, 746.2, 746.4, 746.7, and 
746.9); certain entities in Russia (Sec.  744.10); individual 
terrorists and terrorist organizations (Sec. Sec.  744.12, 744.13 and 
744.14); certain persons designated by Executive Order 13315 
(``Blocking Property of the Former Iraqi Regime, Its Senior Officials 
and Their Family Members'') (Sec.  744.18); certain sanctioned entities 
(Sec.  744.20); and certain cameras to be used by military end-users or 
incorporated into a military commodity (Sec.  744.9). Attention is also 
given in this context to the controls on nuclear-related commodities, 
technology, end-uses and end-users (Sec. Sec.  742.3 and 744.2), which 
are, in part, implemented under section 309(c) of the Nuclear Non 
Proliferation Act (42 U.S.C. 2139a).
    Under the provisions of section 6 of the EAA, export controls 
maintained for foreign policy purposes require annual extension. 
Section 6 of the EAA requires a report to Congress when foreign policy-
based export controls are extended. The EAA expired on August 20, 2001. 
Executive Order 13222 of August 17, 2001 (3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783 
(2002)), which has been extended by successive Presidential Notices, 
the most recent being that of Notice of August 12, 2010 (75 FR 50681 
(August 16, 2010)), continues the EAR and, to the extent permitted by 
law, the provisions of the EAA, in effect under the International 
Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701-1706 (2000)). The 
Department of Commerce, insofar as appropriate, follows the provisions 
of section 6 of the EAA by reviewing its foreign policy-based export 
controls, requesting public comments on such controls, and preparing a 
report to be submitted to

[[Page 54541]]

Congress. In January 2010, the Secretary of Commerce, on the 
recommendation of the Secretary of State, extended for one year all 
foreign policy-based export controls then in effect. BIS is now 
soliciting public comment on the effects of extending or modifying the 
existing foreign policy-based export controls for another year. Among 
the criteria considered in determining whether to continue or revise 
U.S. foreign policy-based export controls are the following:
    1. The likelihood that such controls will achieve their intended 
foreign policy purposes, in light of other factors, including the 
availability from other countries of the goods, software or technology 
proposed for such controls;
    2. Whether the foreign policy objective of such controls can be 
achieved through negotiations or other alternative means;
    3. The compatibility of the controls with the foreign policy 
objectives of the United States and with overall U.S. policy toward the 
country subject to the controls;
    4. Whether the reaction of other countries to the extension of such 
controls is not likely to render the controls ineffective in achieving 
the intended foreign policy objective or be counterproductive to U.S. 
foreign policy interests;
    5. The comparative benefits to U.S. foreign policy objectives 
versus the effect of the controls on the export performance of the 
United States, the competitive position of the United States in the 
international economy, the international reputation of the United 
States as a supplier of goods and technology; and
    6. The ability of the United States to effectively enforce the 
    BIS is particularly interested in receiving comments on the 
economic impact of proliferation controls. BIS is also interested in 
industry information relating to the following:
    1. Information on the effect of foreign policy-based export 
controls on sales of U.S. products to third countries (i.e., those 
countries not targeted by sanctions), including the views of foreign 
purchasers or prospective customers regarding U.S. foreign policy-based 
export controls.
    2. Information on controls maintained by U.S. trade partners. For 
example, to what extent do U.S. trade partners have similar controls on 
goods and technology on a worldwide basis or to specific destinations?
    3. Information on licensing policies or practices by our foreign 
trade partners that are similar to U.S. foreign policy-based export 
controls, including license review criteria, use of conditions, and 
requirements for pre- and post-shipment verifications (preferably 
supported by examples of approvals, denials and foreign regulations).
    4. Suggestions for revisions to foreign policy-based export 
controls that would bring them more into line with multilateral 
    5. Comments or suggestions as to actions that would make 
multilateral controls more effective.
    6. Information that illustrates the effect of foreign policy-based 
export controls on trade or acquisitions by intended targets of the 
    7. Data or other information on the effect of foreign policy-based 
export controls on overall trade at the level of individual industrial 
    8. Suggestions as to how to measure the effect of foreign policy-
based export controls on trade.
    9. Information on the use of foreign policy-based export controls 
on targeted countries, entities, or individuals.
    BIS is also interested in comments relating generally to the 
extension or revision of existing foreign policy-based export controls.
    Parties submitting comments are asked to be as specific as 
possible. All comments received before the close of the comment period 
will be considered by BIS in reviewing the controls and developing the 
report to Congress.
    All comments received in response to this notice will be displayed 
on BIS's Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) Web site at http://www.bis.doc.gov/foia.

    Dated: August 30, 2010.
Kevin J. Wolf,
Assistant Secretary for Export Administration.
[FR Doc. 2010-21955 Filed 9-7-10; 8:45 am]