[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 157 (Monday, August 16, 2010)]
[Pages 49937-49938]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-19835]



Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and 

    In compliance with the requirement of Section 3506(c)(2)(A) of the 
Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 for opportunity for public comment on 
proposed data collection projects, the Centers for Disease Control and 
Prevention (CDC) will publish periodic summaries of proposed projects. 
To request more information on the proposed projects or to obtain a 
copy of the data collection plans and instruments, call 404-639-5960 
and send comments to Maryam I. Daneshvar PhD, CDC Acting Reports 
Clearance Officer, 1600 Clifton Road, MS-D74, Atlanta, GA 30333 or send 
an e-mail to [email protected].
    Comments are invited on: (a) Whether the proposed collection of 
information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of 
the agency, including whether the information shall have practical 
utility; (b) the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the 
proposed collection of information; (c) ways to enhance the quality, 
utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and (d) ways 
to minimize the burden of the collection of information on respondents, 
including through the use of automated collection techniques or other 
forms of information technology. Written comments should be received 
within 60 days of this notice.

Proposed Project

    The Evaluation of Ordinances to Prevent Workplace Violence in 
Convenience Stores--NEW--National Institute for Occupational Safety and 
Health (NIOSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,CDC).

Background and Brief Description

    Workplace violence (WPV) is a significant concern for employers and 
employees alike; every year in the U.S., WPV results in hundreds of 
deaths, nearly two million nonfatal injuries, and billions of dollars 
in costs. Historically, retail establishments have been the focus of 
WPV research. In 1997-2008, there were 1,800 homicides of retail 
workers of which 1,572 were due to robbery or assaults.
    Situational Crime Prevention programs to reduce robbery and violent 
crime have been proven to be successful in reducing robbery and 
robbery-related injury risk to both employees and customers in retail 
settings. These programs incorporate a criminological concept called 
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) which theorizes 
that environments can be modified to make potential criminals feel they 
are being watched, i.e. under surveillance and thus vulnerable, 
resulting in avoidance of the target by increasing the robber's 
perception that a robbery is not worth the risk.
    NIOSH is conducting an evaluation of the effectiveness of 
convenience store safety ordinances in Dallas and Houston, Texas. The 
goals of this research are to (1) Determine if the ordinances 
effectively increase the frequency of implementation of CPTED 
components in stores and decrease robbery and assaults to workers and 
customers; (2) determine the benefits to stores from compliance to the 
city ordinance; (3) determine the process the cities used for ordinance 
development and their recommendations to other cities, and (4) develop 
evidence-based recommendations to promote CPTED programs and to aid 
other cities which are considering safety ordinances for their retail 
    The proposed NIOSH study will be a population based follow-up study 
of convenience stores which are operating 1 year after the effective 
date of their ordinance. A sample of 300 stores in Dallas and 300 
stores in Houston will be selected. Each store will be visited by a 
survey interviewer who will evaluate the store environment and 
interview the store managers in person. Data will be collected on 
compliance with the safety ordinance, reasons for non-compliance, and 
benefits to the store from compliance including return on investment, 
increased sales, increased quality of customers, decreased crime, and 
decreased employee stress.
    The participation of the store and manager will be voluntary. Data 
from the store evaluation will be recorded on a checklist form and will 
take approximately 15 minutes of the store interviewer's time. The 
store evaluation will not require time or assistance from the store 
manager and thus, is not listed in the burden hours. The interview of 
the store manager will require approximately 30 minutes of the 
manager's time. From previous studies of convenience stores, over a 90% 
response rate is expected. The survey method will be for the survey 
interviewer to first visit the store and leave the questionnaire with 
the manager and then return 1-2 days later for the interview. This 
leaves time for the manager to obtain approval from owners and upper 
    Prior to the survey, NIOSH will contact all companies in the sample 
who own two or more stores and obtain approval from the store owners/
upper management for their store managers participation. A burden of 3 
hours is estimated for each of approximately 35 owners/managers to 
review the questionnaire and survey protocol, and to discuss their 
store managers' participation with NIOSH project officers by conference 
    Once the study is completed, NIOSH will provide a copy of the final 
report to each participating store, the participating city Mayor's Task 
force for Convenience Store Safety, the police

[[Page 49938]]

department, and the industry and community partners.
    Industry leaders who participate on the Mayor's Task Force for 
Convenience Store Safety will provide support and voluntarily contact 
approximately 90 stores and recommend they participate. Additionally, 
approximately 3 community leaders in each city will voluntarily contact 
approximately 90 stores and recommend they participate. There is no 
cost to respondents other than their time.

                                        Estimated Annualized Burden Hours
                                                             Number of       Number of    Average burden  burden
                       Respondents                          respondents    responses per   per response     (in
                                                                            respondent       (in hrs)      hrs)
Store manager interviews................................             600               1           30/60  300
Store owners/upper management approve manager interviews              35               1               3  105
Stakeholders Industry leader recommend stores...........              90               1           30/60   45
Community leader recommend stores.......................              90               1           30/60   45
    Total...............................................  ..............  ..............  ..............  495

    Dated: August 8, 2010.
Maryam I. Daneshvar,
Reports Clearance Officer, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
[FR Doc. 2010-19835 Filed 8-13-10; 8:45 am]