[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 149 (Wednesday, August 4, 2010)]
[Pages 46919-46924]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-18900]



[EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0565; FRL-8835-1]

Nominations to the FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel; Request for 

 AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

 ACTION: Notice.


SUMMARY:  This notice provides the names, addresses, professional 
affiliations, and selected biographical data of persons nominated to 
serve on the Scientific Advisory Panel (SAP) established under section 
25(d) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act 
(FIFRA). The Panel was created on November 28, 1975, and made a 
statutory Panel by amendment to FIFRA, dated October 25, 1988. The 
Agency, at this time, anticipates selecting two new members to serve on 
the panel as a result of membership terms that will expire this year. 
Public comment on the nominations is invited, as these comments will be 
used to assist the Agency in selecting the new chartered Panel members.

DATES:  Comments, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0565, 
must be received on or before September 3, 2010.

ADDRESSES:  Submit your comments, identified by docket identification 
(ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2010-0565, by one of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the on-line instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) Regulatory Public 
Docket (7502P), Environmental Protection Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania 
Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001.
     Delivery: OPP Regulatory Public Docket (7502P), 
Environmental Protection Agency, Rm. S-4400, One Potomac Yard (South 
Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. Deliveries are only 
accepted during the Docket Facility's normal hours of operation (8:30 
a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays). 
Special arrangements should be made for deliveries of boxed 
information. The Docket Facility telephone number is (703) 305-5805.
    Instructions. Direct your comments to docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-
2010-0565. If your comments contain any information that you consider 
to be CBI or otherwise protected, please contact the Designated Federal 
Official (DFO) listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION

[[Page 46920]]

CONTACT to obtain special instructions before submitting your comments. 
EPA's policy is that all comments received will be included in the 
docket without change and may be made available on-line at http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided, 
unless the comment includes information claimed to be Confidential 
Business Information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is 
restricted by statute. Do not submit information that you consider to 
be CBI or otherwise protected through regulations.gov or e-mail. The 
regulations.gov website is an ``anonymous access'' system, which means 
EPA will not know your identity or contact information unless you 
provide it in the body of your comment. If you send an e-mail comment 
directly to EPA without going through regulations.gov, your e-mail 
address will be automatically captured and included as part of the 
comment that is placed in the docket and made available on the 
Internet. If you submit an electronic comment, EPA recommends that you 
include your name and other contact information in the body of your 
comment and with any disk or CD-ROM you submit. If EPA cannot read your 
comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for 
clarification, EPA may not be able to consider your comment. Electronic 
files should avoid the use of special characters, any form of 
encryption, and be free of any defects or viruses.
    Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the docket index 
available at http://www.regulations.gov. Although, listed in the index, 
some information is not publicly available, e.g., CBI or other 
information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other 
material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the Internet 
and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly 
available docket materials are available either in the electronic 
docket at http://www.regulations.gov, or, if only available in hard 
copy, at the OPP Regulatory Public Docket in Rm. S-4400, One Potomac 
Yard (South Bldg.), 2777 S. Crystal Dr., Arlington, VA. The hours of 
operation of this Docket Facility are from 8:30 a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday 
through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The Docket Facility telephone 
number is (703) 305-5805.

Science Coordination and Policy (7201M), Environmental Protection 
Agency, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW., Washington, DC 20460-0001; 
telephone number: (202) 564-2045; fax number: (202) 564-8382; e-mail 
address: [email protected].


 I. General Information

 A. Does this Action Apply to Me?

    This action is directed to the public in general. This action may, 
however, be of interest to persons who are or may be required to 
conduct testing of chemical substances under the Federal Food, Drug, 
and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA), FIFRA, and the Food Quality Protection Act of 
1996 (FQPA). Since other entities may also be interested, the Agency 
has not attempted to describe all the specific entities that may be 
affected by this action. If you have any questions regarding the 
applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the DFO 

B. What Should I Consider as I Prepare My Comments for EPA?

    When submitting comments, remember to:
    1. Identify the document by docket ID number and other identifying 
information (subject heading, Federal Register date and page number).
    2. Follow directions. The Agency may ask you to respond to specific 
questions or organize comments by referencing a Code of Federal 
Regulations (CFR) part or section number.
    3. Explain why you agree or disagree; suggest alternatives and 
substitute language for your requested changes.
    4. Describe any assumptions and provide any technical information 
and/or data that you used.
    5. If you estimate potential costs or burdens, explain how you 
arrived at your estimate in sufficient detail to allow for it to be 
    6. Provide specific examples to illustrate your concerns and 
suggest alternatives.
    7. Explain your views as clearly as possible, avoiding the use of 
profanity or personal threats.
    8. Make sure to submit your comments by the comment period deadline 

II. Background

    The FIFRA SAP serves as the primary scientific peer review 
mechanism of EPA's Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention 
(OCSPP) and is structured to provide scientific advice, information and 
recommendations to the EPA Administrator on pesticides and pesticide-
related issues as to the impact of regulatory actions on health and the 
environment. The FIFRA SAP is a Federal advisory committee, established 
in 1975 under FIFRA, that operates in accordance with requirements of 
the Federal Advisory Committee Act (FACA). In accordance with the 
statute, the FIFRA SAP is composed of a permanent panel consisting of 
seven members who are appointed by the EPA Administrator from nominees 
provided by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National 
Science Foundation (NSF). FIFRA, as amended by FQPA, established a 
Science Review Board consisting of at least 60 scientists who are 
available to the SAP on an ad hoc basis to assist in reviews conducted 
by the FIFRA SAP. As a peer review mechanism, the FIFRA SAP provides 
comments, evaluations and recommendations to improve the effectiveness 
and quality of analyses made by Agency scientists. Members of the FIFRA 
SAP are scientists who have sufficient professional qualifications, 
including training and experience, to provide expert advice and 
recommendation to the Agency. The statute further stipulates that the 
Agency publish the name, address and professional affiliation in the 
Federal Register.
    The Agency, at this time, anticipates selecting two new members to 
serve on the panel as a result of membership terms that will expire 
this year. The Agency requested nominations of experts to be selected 
from the field of environmental risk assessment with experience and 
expertise in all phases of the risk assessment process including: 
Planning, scoping, and problem formulation, analysis, and 
interpretation and risk characterization (including the interpretation 
and communication of uncertainty). Nominees should be well published 
and current in their field of expertise.

III. Charter

     A Charter for the FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel dated October 
24, 2008, was issued in accordance with the requirements of the Federal 
Advisory Committee Act, Public Law 92-463, 86 Stat. 770 (5 U.S.C. App. 

A. Qualifications of Members

     Members are scientists who have sufficient professional 
qualifications, including training and experience, to be capable of 
providing expert comments as to the impact of pesticides on health and 
the environment. No persons shall be ineligible to serve on the Panel 
by reason of their membership on any other advisory committee to a 
Federal department or agency or their employment by a Federal 
department or

[[Page 46921]]

agency (except EPA). The Administrator appoints individuals to serve on 
the Panel for staggered terms of 4 years. Panel members are subject to 
the provisions of 40 CFR part 3, subpart F, Standards of Conduct for 
Special Government Employees, which include rules regarding conflicts 
of interest. Each nominee selected by the Administrator, before being 
formally appointed, is required to submit a confidential statement of 
employment and financial interests, which shall fully disclose, among 
other financial interests, the nominee's sources of research support, 
if any.
     In accordance with section 25(d)(1) of FIFRA, the Administrator 
shall require all nominees to the Panel to furnish information 
concerning their professional qualifications, educational background, 
employment history, and scientific publications.

B. Applicability of Existing Regulations

     With respect to the requirements of section 25(d) of FIFRA that 
the Administrator promulgate regulations regarding conflicts of 
interest, the Charter provides that EPA's existing regulations 
applicable to Special Government Employees, which include advisory 
committee members, will apply to the members of the Scientific Advisory 
Panel. These regulations appear in 40 CFR part 3, subpart F. In 
addition, the Charter provides for open meetings with opportunities for 
public participation.

C. Process of Obtaining Nominees

     In accordance with the provisions of section 25(d) of FIFRA, EPA, 
on March 11, 2010, requested that the National Institutes of Health 
(NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) nominate scientists to 
fill vacancies occurring on the Panel. The Agency requested nominations 
of experts in the field of environmental risk assessment with 
experience and expertise in all phases of the risk assessment process. 
NIH and NSF responded by letter, providing the Agency with a total of 
16 nominees. Eight of the 16 nominees are interested and available to 
actively participate in SAP meetings (see Unit IV. Nominees). The 
following eight nominees are not available:
    1. Elizabeth Kelly, Ph.D., Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los 
Alamos, NM.
    2. Riana Maier, Ph.D., Department of Soil, Water and Environmental 
Science, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
    3. Ronald Melnick, Ph.D., National Institute of Environmental 
Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, 
    4. Eva Oberdorster, Ph.D., Department of Biological Sciences, 
Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX.
    5. Walter Piegorsch, Ph.D., Department of Mathematics, University 
of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
    6. Jim Riviere, Ph.D., Department of Population Health and 
Pathobiology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC.
    7. Theodore Slotkin, Ph.D., Department of Pharmacology and Cancer 
Biology, Duke University, Durham, NC.
    8. Nigel Walker, Ph.D., National Institute of Environmental Health 
Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, NC.

IV. Nominees

     The following are the names, addresses, professional affiliations, 
and selected biographical data of nominees being considered for 
membership on the FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel. The Agency 
anticipates selecting two of the nominees to fill vacancies occurring 
this year.
    1. Lawrence Barnthouse, Ph.D., President and Principle Scientist, 
LWB Environmental Services, Inc., Hamilton, OH.
    i. Expertise. Population biology, ecological risk assessment.
    ii. Education. B.A. in Biology, Kenyon College; Ph.D., in Biology 
with area of specialty of population biology, University of Chicago.
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Barnthouse is President and 
Principal Scientist of LWB Environmental Services, Inc. He has more 
than 30 years of experience in research and assessment projects 
involving impacts of energy technologies in freshwater, estuarine, and 
marine environments. Prior to founding LWB Environmental Services in 
1998, he spent 19 years as a staff scientist at the U.S. Department of 
Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). At ORNL, he led or 
participated in dozens of environmental research and assessment 
projects involving development of new methods for predicting and 
measuring the environmental risks of energy technologies. In 1981, he 
became co-principal investigator on EPA's first research project on 
ecological risk assessment. Since that time, he has been active in the 
development and application of ecological risk assessment methods for 
EPA, other federal agencies, state agencies, and private industry. He 
has chaired workshops on ecological risk assessment for the National 
Academy of Sciences and the Society of Environmental Toxicology and 
Chemistry, and served on the peer review panels for the Framework for 
Ecological Risk Assessment and the Guidelines for Ecological Risk 
Assessment. He continues to support the development of improved methods 
for ecological risk assessment as the Hazard/Risk Assessment Editor of 
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry and Associate Editor of 
Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management.
    2. Deborah Cory-Slechta, Ph.D., Professor, Environmental Medicine 
and Pediatrics, University of Rochester Medical School, Rochester, NY.
    i. Expertise. Neurotoxicology.
    ii. Education. B.S. in Psychology and M.A. in Experimental 
Psychology, Western Michigan University; Ph.D. in Experimental 
Psychology, University of Minnesota.
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Cory-Slechta became a faculty 
member at the University of Rochester Medical School (URMC) in 1982. 
She became Chair of its Department of Environmental Medicine and 
Director of the NIEHS Environmental Health Sciences Center in 1998, and 
served as Dean for Research from 2000-2002. She then became Director of 
the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute (EOHSI) 
and Chair of the Department of Environmental and Community Medicine at 
the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood 
Johnson Medical School from 2003-2007, before returning to URMC as 
Professor in Environmental Medicine and Pediatrics. Dr. Cory-Slechta 
has served on national review and advisory panels of the National 
Institutes of Health, the National Institute of Environmental Health 
Sciences, the Food and Drug Administration, the National Center for 
Toxicological Research, the Environmental Protection Agency, the 
National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, and the Agency 
for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control 
(CDC). She currently serves on the Science Advisory Board of EPA and on 
the Advisory Committee for Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention of the 
CDC. In addition, Dr. Cory-Slechta has served on the editorial boards 
of the journals Neurotoxicology, Toxicology, Toxicological Sciences, 
Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, Neurotoxicology and Teratology, and 
American Journal of Mental Retardation. She has held the elected 
positions of President of the Neurotoxicology Specialty Section of the 
Society of Toxicology, President of the Behavioral Toxicology Society, 
and been named a Fellow of the American Psychological

[[Page 46922]]

Association. Her research has focused largely on the relationships 
between brain neurotransmitter systems and behavior, and how such 
relationships are altered by exposures to environmental toxicants, 
particularly the role played by environmental neurotoxicant exposures 
in developmental disabilities and neurodegenerative diseases. These 
research efforts have resulted in over 120 papers and book chapters to 
    3. Timothy Gross, Ph.D., Consultant, Environmental Resource 
Consultants, Gainsville, FL.
    i. Expertise. Environmental resource management, wildlife biology, 
    ii. Education. B.S. and M.S. in Biology, Indiana University of 
Pennsylvania; M.A. in Historical Preservation, Savannah College of Art 
and Design; Ph.D. in Toxicology/Animal Sciences, University of 
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Gross is a private environmental 
resource consultant with over 20 years of experience and expertise in 
ecotoxicology. Dr. Gross was previously employed at the University of 
Florida from 1992 through 2007 and simultaneously with the U.S. 
Department of Interior (U.S. Geological Survey) from 1997-2006, 
providing Dr. Gross with a unique background in academia, public 
service and industry. Dr. Gross's research expertise has focused on the 
assessment of biological effects of environmental stressors across many 
levels of biological organization, from the biochemical and molecular 
levels to population and community effects. These efforts have examined 
the potential effects of single chemicals and complex mixtures in 
wildlife using both laboratory-based and field-based assessments. 
Efforts have evaluated effects of pesticides, wastewater, 
pharmaceuticals, pulp-and paper discharge and other assorted man-made 
and natural environmental stressors. Research projects have considered 
a wide array of taxonomic impacts, from planktonic and macro-
invertebrate populations to fish, birds, amphibians, and reptiles. Dr. 
Gross's research has had broad implication and contribution to the 
research area of ``endocrine disruption'' Indeed, Dr. Gross's research 
efforts on Lake Apopka and similar sites nationally are among the first 
indicators of endocrine modulating effects of environmental 
contaminants in wildlife. Dr Gross has mentored many graduate students 
and post-docs since 1994 and continues to participate in graduate 
    4. Nominee. Mark Harwell, Ph.D., Harwell Gentile and Associates, 
L.C., Palm Coast, FL.
    i. Expertise. Ecological risk assessment and ecosystem management.
    ii. Education. B.S. in Biology, Emory University; Ph.D., in Systems 
Ecology from University of Miami, Institute of Marine Science.
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Harwell is an ecosystems 
ecologist and is currently a Partner in Harwell Gentile and Associates, 
L.C, following a 25-year career in academia at Cornell University, the 
University of Miami Rosenstiel School, and Florida A&M University. Dr. 
Harwell was a leader in the development of EPA ecological risk 
assessment framework and has led several large risk assessments, 
including comparative ecological risk assessments of oil spills in 
Tampa Bay and the Bay of Fundy; an ecological risk assessment of the 
effects of climate change and the South Florida ecosystem restoration 
on the Everglades and Biscayne Bay; an ecotoxicological risk assessment 
of the Coeur d'Alene River watershed; and an assessment of the current 
ecological significance of effects from the Exxon Valdez oil spill on 
Prince William Sound. He led a series of interdisciplinary studies on 
human interactions with the South Florida environment, including field, 
mesocosm, and modeling studies in Biscayne Bay and the Florida Keys 
National Marine Sanctuary. He coordinated interdisciplinary studies in 
five National Estuarine Research Reserves, developing conceptual models 
of coupled human environment systems, and contributing to ecological 
assessments using remote sensing and hyperspectral imagery. Dr. Harwell 
served for more than a decade as a member of the EPA Science Advisory 
Board (SAB), including two terms as Chair of the Ecological Processes 
and Effects Committee. He led the ecological risk component of the EPA 
Unfinished Business Project, and was a member of the EPA SAB Reducing 
Risk project. He chaired the U.S. Man and the Biosphere Human-Dominated 
Systems Directorate, and led its project on ecological sustainability, 
ecosystem management, and an ecosystem integrity report card framework. 
He led the Scientific Committee on Problems of the Environment (SCOPE) 
5-year international study to assess the global environmental 
consequences of nuclear war (ENUWAR), with emphasis on ecological 
responses to climate change. He directed the PAN-EARTH Project, a 
series of national-level case studies on the ecological and 
agricultural effects of climate variability on Venezuela, India, Japan, 
China, and sub-Saharan Africa; he was a member of the U.S. Global 
Change Research Program's National Assessment working group on coastal 
resources effects; and he serves as an expert reviewer for the 
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He served on the National 
Academy of Sciences (NAS) panel on ecological risks in the U.S. and 
Poland, and was a member of the NAS panel on risk communications. Dr. 
Harwell also served as a member of the NAS Board on Environmental 
Studies and Toxicology, and was elected a Fellow of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science.
    5. Stephen J. Klaine, Ph.D., Professor in the Department of 
Biological Sciences and Director of the Institute of Environmental 
Toxicology (CU-ENTOX), Clemson University, Pendleton, SC.
    i. Education. B.S. in Biology, University of Cincinnati; M.S. and 
Ph.D. in Environmental Science, Rice University.
    ii. Expertise. Toxicity and risk assessment of pesticides and 
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Klaine has spent over 25 years 
conducting environmental research and educating graduate students. He 
has 30 Ph.D. and over 40 MS graduates from his laboratory. He has 
served on the board of directors of the Society of Environmental 
Toxicology and Chemistry and has been an associate editor for the 
journal, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry for 15 years. He has 
been on the editorial board of the journal, Nanotoxicology, since 2009. 
From 1995 to 2000 he was the only U.S. participant on a multi-national 
International Atomic Energy Agency Cooperative Research Program on 
Pesticides in Coastal Tropical Ecosystems. In addition to building 
capacity in tropical countries around the world, this group produced 
the first book to compile pesticide use and effects information in 
tropical countries of which Dr. Klaine was co-editor. He has served on 
several EPA Science Advisory Panels and workshops dealing with 
pesticide and metal fate, effects, and risk assessment. He has also 
served on the panel to review the National Nanotechnology Initiative 
Strategy on Environmental and Human Safety Needs for Nanomaterials. He 
has served on the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences 
(NIEHS) review panel for the Superfund Basic Research Program since 
1995 and chaired the panel in 2007 and 2008. He has served on several 
other proposal review panels for EPA, USDA, and NIEHS. He has been a 
Sigma Xi National

[[Page 46923]]

Lecturer, won the Clemson University Sigma Xi researcher of the year in 
2007, and won the Clemson University Alumni Award for Outstanding 
Research in 2009. He has over 110 peer-reviewed publications on 
research ranging from the bioavailability and toxicity of pesticides 
and metals to pesticide risk assessment, to the environmental behavior 
and toxicity of nanomaterials. Current research in his laboratory 
focuses on characterizing: (1) The bioavailablity of metals and 
pesticides in aquatic systems; (2) the comparative phytotoxicity of 
pesticides; (3) the response of aquatic organisms to episodic 
contaminant exposures; (4) the water quality consequences of land use; 
(5) the effects of pharmaceuticals on fish behavior; and (6) the 
bioavailability and toxicity of colloids and nanoparticles in aquatic 
    6. Charlene McQueen, Ph.D., ATS., W.W. Walker Professor at the 
Harrison School of Pharmacy, Auburn University, Auburn, AL.
    i. Education. M.S. in Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of 
Arizona; Ph.D. in Human Genetics, University of Michigan.
    ii. Expertise. Pharmacology and toxicology.
    iii. Professional experience. Prior to moving to Auburn in 2007, 
Dr. McQueen was a professor in the Department of Pharmacology and 
Toxicology at the University of Arizona. Her research in the areas of 
pharmacogenomics, toxicogenomics and chemical carcinogenesis 
investigates the role of genetic variation in response to chemicals. 
Dr. McQueen is particularly interested in the genes that code for N-
acetyltransferases (NAT1 and NAT2), enzymes involved in the metabolism 
of aromatic amines and hydrazines. She is using model systems to 
understand the mechanisms of the adverse effects of such chemicals 
during development and in adults. Dr. McQueen is an American 
Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Fellow and a Fellow 
in the Academy of Toxicological Sciences (ATS). She has been on 
numerous review panels for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and 
served on the Board of Scientific Councillors of the National 
Toxicology Program. She is currently a member of the NIH Cancer 
Etiology Study Section.
    7. Martha Sandy, Ph.D., Senior Toxicologist/Chief, Cancer 
Toxicology and Epidemiology Section, California Environmental 
Protection Agency, Oakland, CA.
    i. Expertise. Risk assessment, children's health, carcinogen 
    ii. Education. M.P.H. and Ph.D., in Environmental Health Science, 
University of California; Berkeley School of Public Health.
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Sandy is a Senior Toxicologist 
and Chief of the Cancer Toxicology and Epidemiology Section within the 
California Environmental Protection Agency's (Cal/EPA) Office of 
Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA). Dr. Sandy's section 
conducts hazard identification, dose-response assessment, and exposure 
assessment of chemical carcinogens. Children's environmental health, 
and in particular, cancer risk associated with early life carcinogen 
exposures, has been a significant focus in recent years. Her group is 
comprised of individuals with expertise in toxicology, epidemiology, 
biostatistics and exposure assessment. She conducted research 
investigating biochemical and molecular mechanisms of toxicity and 
carcinogenicity, and biochemical and genetic susceptibility factors in 
Parkinson's disease before joining OEHHA in 1994. Dr. Sandy currently 
serves on EPA's Children's Health Protection Advisory Committee and has 
served as an ad hoc member of two EPA Scientific Review panels, as a 
member of two National Academy committees, as a member of one Report on 
Carcinogens Expert panel, and as a peer reviewer for the National 
Research Council.
    8. Coby Schal, Ph.D., Blanton J. Whitmire Distinguised Professor of 
Structural Pest Management, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 
    i. Education. B.S. in Biology, State University of New York at 
Albany; Ph.D. in Entomology, University of Kansas - Lawrence; post-
doctoral training in chemical ecology, University of Massachusetts-
    ii. Expertise. Entomology, pest management.
    iii. Professional experience. Dr. Schal is co-founder and member of 
the Executive Committee of the W. M. Keck Center for Behavioral 
Biology, on the Executive Committee of the Genetic Pest Management 
Program, and member of the Agromedicine Institute. Between 1984 and 
1993, Dr. Schal was Assistant and Associate Professor and Extension 
Specialist of Urban Entomology at Rutgers University, New Jersey. He is 
a leading authority on cockroach and bed bug behavior, chemical 
ecology, physiology, toxicology, biochemistry and molecular biology. 
His research has resulted in publications, patents, and tools for pest 
management. Dr. Schal's research on chemical ecology has delineated 
pheromone-mediated communication in cockroaches, oviposition 
attractants in mosquitoes and the evolution of pheromone communication 
in moths. His team also characterized the role that juvenile hormone 
plays in regulating sexual behavior and sexual maturation in insects 
and studies the function and regulation of cuticular waxes in various 
insects. Research in urban entomology in the last decade has 
concentrated on the biology of cockroach-produced allergens and 
intervention strategies to mitigate their pervasiveness in the indoor 
environment; profiles and mechanisms of insecticide resistance that 
form the basis for recommendations to the pest control industry; 
optimization of bait delivery systems, developing and testing 
repellents against urban pests, and assessing the impact of these 
approaches on pest behavior, humans, and the environment; and practical 
integrated solutions (IPM) to cockroach problems in livestock 
production facilities that emphasize reduced-risk approaches. Dr. 
Schal's research has been funded by EPA, NIH, NSF, USDA, private 
foundations and industry, and he has published over 200 refereed 
papers. He has served as subject editor of the Journal of Economic 
Entomology and Pest Management Science, and on the editorial boards of 
Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology, Journal of Chemical 
Ecology, Journal of Insect Science, and Psyche. Dr. Schal also served 
on several EPA panels and as panelist and panel manager for USDA grants 
panels, and has been an active volunteer with the Entomological Society 
of America, the Entomological Foundation, and the International Society 
of Chemical Ecology. He has directed 24 graduate students and 26 post-
doctoral researchers, and mentored high school and undergraduate 
students. Dr. Schal teaches a graduate course in Insect Behavior, 
graduate seminars in Urban Entomology and Chemical Ecology, and 
contributes to a team-taught Professional Development course. Recent 
honors include Lifetime Honorary Membership in the North Carolina Pest 
Management Association, Distinguished Achievement Award in Urban 
Entomology from the National Conference on Urban Entomology, Fellow of 
the Entomological Society of America, Fellow of the American 
Association for the Advancement of Science, and North Carolina State 
University's Research Friend of Extension Award and Alumni Association 
Outstanding Research Award.

List of Subjects

     Environmental protection, Pesticides and pests.

[[Page 46924]]

    Dated: July 20, 2010.
 Frank Sanders,
Director, Office of Science Coordination and Policy.
[FR Doc. 2010-18900 Filed 8-3-10; 8:45 a.m.]