[Federal Register Volume 75, Number 149 (Wednesday, August 4, 2010)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Pages 47141-47169]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 2010-18116]



[[Page 47141]]

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Part III





Federal Communications Commission





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47 CFR Parts 1, 27 and 95



Review of Personal Radio Services Rules; Proposed Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 75 , No. 149 / Wednesday, August 4, 2010 / 
Proposed Rules

[[Page 47142]]


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FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

47 CFR Parts 1, 27 and 95

[WT Docket No. 10-119; FCC 10-106]


Review of Personal Radio Services Rules

AGENCY: Federal Communications Commission.

ACTION: Proposed rule.

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SUMMARY: In this document, the Commission proposes to update, 
reorganize, simplify and streamline its Personal Radio Services rules 
to reflect technological advances and other changes in the way the 
American public uses the Personal Radio Services. In addition to 
improving the clarity of the rules, this document includes proposals 
intended to reduce unnecessary regulatory burdens on users, improve 
spectrum use, provide for enhanced equipment operating features, and 
promote the safety and consumer interests of operators. The document 
also proposes to reclassify one of the existing Personal Radio 
Services, specifically the 218-219 MHz service, as a Miscellaneous 
Wireless Communications Service, and accordingly move its rules from 
one part to another.

DATES: Submit comments on or before September 3, 2010 and reply 
comments on or before September 20, 2010.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by WT Docket No. 10-119, 
by any of the following methods:
     Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. 
Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Federal Communications Commission Web site: http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
     Mail: Office of the Secretary, Federal Communications 
Commission, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554. Commercial 
overnight mail (other than U.S. Postal Service Express Mail and 
Priority Mail) must be sent to 9300 East Hampton Drive, Capitol 
Heights, MD 20743.
     Hand delivery/courier: Federal Communications Commission, 
Office of the Secretary, 445 12th Street, SW., Room TW-A325, 
Washington, DC 20554.
     People with Disabilities: Contact the FCC to request 
reasonable accommodations (accessible format documents, sign language 
interpreters, CART, etc.) by e-mail: [email protected] or phone: 202-418-
0503 or TTY: 202-418-0432. All submissions received must include the 
agency name and docket numbers for this rulemaking, WT Docket No. 10-
119. All comments received will be posted without change to http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/ecfs.
    For detailed instructions for submitting comments and additional 
information on the rulemaking process, see the SUPPLEMENTARY 
INFORMATION section of this document.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: B.C. ``Jay'' Jackson, Jr., Mobility 
Division, Wireless Telecommunications Bureau, [email protected], 202-
418-1309.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: This is a summary of the Federal 
Communications Commission's (the Commission's) Notice of Proposed 
Rulemaking (NPRM) in WT Docket No. 10-119, FCC 10-106, adopted on June 
1, 2010, and released on June 7, 2010. Contemporaneous with this 
document, the Commission issues a Memorandum Opinion and Order on 
Reconsideration (published elsewhere in this publication). The full 
text of this document may be downloaded from the FCC Web site (http://www.fcc.gov) at http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-10-106A1.pdf. The full text is also available for inspection and 
copying during normal business hours in the FCC Reference Center, 445 
12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554. A copy of the complete text may 
also be purchased from the Commission's copy contractor, Best Copy and 
Printing, Inc., 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-B402, Washington, DC 
20554. Alternative formats are available to persons with disabilities 
by sending an e-mail to [email protected] or by calling the Consumer & 
Governmental Affairs Bureau at 202-418-0530 (voice), 202-418-0432 
(tty).

Synopsis

    1. This NPRM proposes to streamline, update and reorganize part 95 
of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules, 47 CFR part 95, 
which provide the regulatory framework for the Personal Radio Services. 
The Personal Radio Services are a family of radio services that provide 
for a variety of wireless devices operated by individual persons, 
primarily for their own personal use, or to provide benefits to other 
individual persons. For example, in some of the Personal Radio 
Services, such as the Family Radio Service and the General Mobile Radio 
Service, the general public may purchase FCC-certified two-way radios 
(sometimes called ``walkie-talkies'') that they can use to communicate 
with each other directly when they are within range (usually a short 
distance) of each other. Some other Personal Radio Service applications 
include radio-controlled aircraft and other hobby vehicles, wireless 
devices to aid persons with hearing difficulties, medical telemetry and 
implant devices that provide medical benefits to patients, and personal 
beacons to help search and rescue teams locate persons in distress in 
wilderness areas. Unlike commercial mobile radio services such as 
cellular telephone service, the Personal Radio Services are not used by 
companies to provide interconnected telephone or broadband 
telecommunications services to subscribers. Because of the very large 
number of wireless devices used in most of the Personal Radio services, 
the FCC has authorized the majority of their use by rule, rather than 
by issuing a separate station license for each device.
    2. Part 95 has been amended by the FCC in a piecemeal fashion 
numerous times during the past three decades, usually to add a subpart 
to provide for a new Personal Radio Service. As a result, the structure 
of part 95 has become somewhat disorganized. The FCC has not undertaken 
a comprehensive review of part 95 in many years and, as a result, it 
contains many rules that are in effect redundant or inconsistent, or 
which use outdated technical terminology. The NPRM proposes amendments 
to correct these problems and seeks comment from the public on the 
proposals. Furthermore, some of the older Personal Radio Services have 
evolved substantially in technology and usage over the years and the 
rules for these services also need to be updated. One part 95 service, 
the 218-219 MHz service, has evolved so much from its original concept 
that it no longer shares the personal characteristics of the other 
Personal Radio Services; it has become more like a commercial service. 
Accordingly, the NPRM proposes to transfer all of the rules for this 
service from part 95 to part 27 of the FCC rules, because it has a 
regulatory framework that is similar to that of the Miscellaneous 
Wireless Communications Services.
    3. The NPRM also proposes to reduce burdens on persons who use 
Personal Radio Services by authorizing the operation of some or all 
General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) stations by rule, or alternatively, 
by extending GMRS license terms from five to ten years, and by relaxing 
GMRS eligibility requirements. Additionally, the NPRM proposes to 
improve spectrum use efficiency by providing for the use of narrower 
emission bandwidths in the GMRS. The NPRM further proposes to allow for 
the transmission of Global Positioning System (GPS) location

[[Page 47143]]

information and user-generated text messages on certain GMRS channels, 
and reviews the technical operating parameters of GMRS equipment. 
Additionally, the NPRM reviews the technical and operating requirements 
for the Citizens Band (CB) Radio Service and proposes to permit the use 
of ``hands-free'' microphones in the CB Radio Service. Finally, the 
NPRM proposes to promote the safety and consumer interests of Personal 
Radio Service operators by (1) requiring routine evaluation of GMRS 
portable devices for radio frequency exposure, (2) no longer granting 
certification of radios that have voice scrambling capability and 
``combination radios'' capable of transmitting in the safety services 
in addition to the Personal Radio Services, and (3) preventing the 
marketing of ersatz devices using the term ``Personal Locator Beacon'', 
by limiting the use of that term to genuine personal locator beacons 
that meet the international technical requirements for such devices.

Specific Proposals

    4. The following is a list of the specific proposals in the NPRM, 
and the paragraph number in the full text where discussion of the 
proposal may be found. The FCC invites public comment on any or all of 
them. In this NPRM, the FCC proposes to:
    a. Consolidate all similar or duplicative administrative rules into 
subpart A (para. 10);
    b. Consolidate all technical rules into subpart B (para. 12);
    c. List the frequencies for each service in a table and designate 
each frequency by a channel number (para. 12);
    d. Express frequency tolerance requirements in terms of parts per 
million (ppm) of the carrier or reference frequency (para. 14);
    e. Revise the emission limit rule to reduce duplication, conform 
the way requirements are presented and to increase clarity (para. 18);
    f. Prohibit voice obscuring or scrambling in the GMRS, FRS and CB 
Radio Services and no longer certify equipment with such features 
(para. 20);
    g. Eliminate the requirement for individual licensing for GMRS 
stations and authorize the operation of GMRS stations by rule (para. 
27);
    h. Extend the term of GMRS licenses from 5 to 10 years, in the 
event that the FCC decides not to eliminate licenses as proposed (para. 
28);
    i. Eliminate the minimum age requirement for GMRS (para. 29);
    j. Limit the power of portable (hand-held) GMRS transmitters to 2 
Watts effective radiated power (ERP) (para. 32);
    k. Require routine specific absorption rate (SAR) evaluation for 
portable GMRS transmitters (para. 33);
    l. Change the power limit for GMRS small base stations from 5 Watts 
ERP to 5 Watts transmitter power output (para. 35);
    m. Implement 12.5 kHz narrowbanding (reduction in authorized 
channel bandwidth) in the GMRS (para. 37);
    n. Remove rule (47 CFR 95.29(g)) that allows grandfathered 
operation for certain fixed GMRS stations authorized before March 18, 
1968 (para. 38);
    o. Permit transmission of Global Positioning System (GPS) data in 
the GMRS (para. 42);
    p. No longer certify Personal Radio Services equipment that have 
transmitting capability in services licensed under 47 CFR parts 80, 87, 
90 and 97 (para. 47);
    q. Allow the use of hands-free microphones that operate under 47 
CFR part 15 in the CB Radio Service (para. 53);
    r. Consolidate special equipment certification rules that apply to 
CB Radio equipment (para. 56);
    s. Relocate the 218-219 MHz Service rules from 47 CFR part 95 
subpart F to a new subpart at the end of 47 CFR part 27 (para. 62);
    t. Eliminate the rule (47 CFR 95.813(b)) that prevents licensees 
that fail to construct a 218-219 MHz system from obtaining any new 218-
219 MHz authorization for a period of 3 years, and to instead apply 47 
CFR 27.14(a), providing that such licensee would forfeit the license 
for the unbuilt system and be ineligible to regain it (para. 63);
    u. Replace references to analog TV Grade B contour with appropriate 
references to digital TV in the 218-219 MHz service rules (para. 65);
    v. Clarify that the term ``PLB'' refers only to a personal locator 
beacon that meets the technical requirements for 406 MHz PLBs, and make 
unlawful the marketing of non-compliant devices as ``PLBs'' (para. 68); 
and,
    w. Update the PLB rules to reference the new revised Radio 
Technical Commission for Maritime (RTCM) 406 MHz PLB standards (para. 
69).

Request for Comment on Other Issues

    5. In addition to the specific proposals above, in the NPRM the FCC 
specifically invites comment on a number of other issues where it 
believes that the applicable rules may need revision. The following is 
a list of the other issues for which the FCC has specifically requested 
public comment in the NPRM, and the paragraph number in the full text 
where related discussion may be found. The FCC specifically requests 
comment on:
    a. Whether user-friendly fact sheets should be provided on the FCC 
Web site (para. 10);
    b. Whether to retain the existing ``plain language'' question and 
answer format used in the rules (para. 11);
    c. How transmitting power limits should be expressed in the rules 
(para. 16);
    d. Whether the rule requiring crystal control of the transmitter 
frequency is still necessary (para. 22);
    e. Whether channel sharing requirements developed for the CB Radio 
service should also apply to the GMRS and FRS (para. 55);
    f. Whether the rule limiting the duration of transmissions in the 
CB Radio service (47 CFR 95.416) should be retained, revised or 
eliminated (para. 55);
    g. Whether the rules prohibiting transmission of music or other 
entertainment material, sound effects, or sounds to attract attention 
in the CB Radio service (47 CFR 95.413(a)(6) and 47 CFR 95.416(a)(7)) 
should be retained, revised or eliminated (para. 55);
    h. Whether the rule limiting the distance over which stations may 
communicate in the CB Radio service (47 CFR 95.413(a)(9)) should be 
retained, revised or eliminated (para. 57);
    i. Whether the transmitting power limit in the CB Radio service 
should be reduced (para. 57);
    j. Whether use of directional antennas in the CB Radio service 
should be prohibited (para. 57);
    k. Whether to retain, eliminate or modify the rule allowing 
continuous transmissions lasting longer than 3 minutes in the R/C 
service only when one or more changes are made during each minute of 
transmission (47 CFR 95.215(b)) (para. 58);
    l. What measures could be taken to provide greater operational or 
technical flexibility in the use of the 218-219 MHz radio service 
(para. 60);
    m. Whether to eliminate the requirement for 218-219 MHz licensees 
to file a plan analyzing interference potential (para. 64);
    n. What changes to make to the 218-219 MHz rules in regard to 
protection of TV channel 13 reception, in view of the digital 
television (DTV) conversion (para. 65);
    o. What changes may be needed to the rules governing the Low Power 
Radio Service (LPRS), Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS), 
Medical Device Radiocommunication Service

[[Page 47144]]

(MedRadio), Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS) and Dedicated Short-Range 
Communications Service (On-Board Units) (para. 70).

Procedural Matters

    6. This is a permit-but-disclose notice and comment rulemaking 
proceeding. Ex parte presentations are permitted, except during the 
Sunshine Agenda period, provided they are disclosed pursuant to the 
Commission's rules. See generally 47 CFR 1.1202, 1.1203, 1.1206. 
Pursuant to Sec. Sec.  1.415 and 1.419 of the Commission's rules, 
interested parties may file comments and reply comments on or before 
the dates indicated above. Comments and reply comments may be filed 
using: (1) The Commission's Electronic Comment Filing System (ECFS); 
(2) the Federal Government's eRulemaking Portal; or, (3) by filing 
paper copies. See Electronic Filing of Documents in Rulemaking 
Proceedings, GN Docket No. 97-113, Report and Order, 13 FCC Rcd 11322 
(1998).
    7. Electronic Filers: Comments may be filed electronically using 
the Internet by accessing the ECFS: http://fjallfoss.fcc.gov/ecfs2/ or 
the Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov.
    8. Paper Filers: Parties choosing to file by paper must file an 
original and four copies of each filing. If more than one docket or 
rulemaking number appears in the caption of this proceeding, commenters 
must submit two additional copies for each additional docket or 
rulemaking number.
    9. Filings can be sent by hand or messenger delivery, by commercial 
overnight courier, or by first class or overnight U.S. Postal Service 
mail. All filings must be addressed to the Commission's Secretary, 
Office of the Secretary, Federal Communications Commission.
     All hand-delivered or messenger-delivered paper filings 
for the Commission's Secretary must be delivered to FCC Headquarters at 
445 12th St., SW., Room TW-A325, Washington, DC 20554. The filing hours 
at this location are 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. All hand deliveries must be held 
together with rubber bands or fasteners. Any envelopes must be disposed 
of before entering the building.
     Commercial overnight mail (other than U.S. Postal Service 
Express Mail and Priority Mail) must be sent to 9300 East Hampton 
Drive, Capitol Heights, MD 20743.
     U.S. Postal Service first-class, Express and Priority mail 
must be addressed to 445 12th St., SW., Washington, DC 20554.
    People with Disabilities: To request materials in accessible 
formats for people with disabilities (Braille, large print, electronic 
files, audio format), send an e-mail to [email protected] or call the 
Consumer and Governmental Affairs Bureau at 202-418-0530 (voice), 202-
418-0432 (tty).
    The public may view the documents filed in this proceeding during 
regular business hours in the FCC Reference Information Center, Federal 
Communications Commission, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-A257, 
Washington, DC 20554, and on the Commission's Internet Home Page: 
http://www.fcc.gov. Copies of comments and reply comments are also 
available through the Commission's duplicating contractor: Best Copy 
and Printing, Inc. (BCPI), Portals II, 445 12th Street, SW., Room CY-
B402, Washington, DC 20554, telephone 1-800-378-3160, or via e-mail at: 
http://www.bcpiweb.com.

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    10. The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) requires that an agency 
prepare a regulatory flexibility analysis for notice-and-comment 
rulemaking proceedings, unless the agency certifies that ``the rule 
will not, if promulgated, have a significant economic impact on a 
substantial number of small entities.'' The RFA generally defines 
``small entity'' as having the same meaning as the terms ``small 
business,'' ``small organization,'' and ``small governmental 
jurisdiction.'' In addition, the term ``small business'' has the same 
meaning as the term ``small business concern'' under the Small Business 
Act. A ``small business concern'' is one which: (1) Is independently 
owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of operation; and 
(3) satisfies any additional criteria established by the Small Business 
Administration (SBA).
    11. The two statutorily-mandated criteria that the FCC must apply 
when determining whether an Initial Regulatory Flexibility 
Certification is appropriate are: (1) Whether the proposed rules, if 
adopted, would have a significant economic effect, and (2) if so, 
whether the economic effect would directly affect a substantial number 
of small entities. Upon application of these criteria, summarized in 
the following paragraphs, the FCC finds it appropriate to certify that 
the proposals in this NPRM, if adopted, would not have a significant 
economic effect on a substantial number of small entities.
    12. With respect to the first criterion, the FCC finds that 
adoption of the proposals in the NPRM would not have a significant 
economic effect. In reaching this determination, the FCC first notes 
that most of the proposed changes to part 95 in the NPRM are editorial 
and organizational in nature rather than substantive, and as such would 
not have any economic effect at all on any entities, large or small. Of 
the remaining proposed changes in the NPRM, many of them would directly 
affect only Personal Radio users, who are individual persons not 
considered to be small entities for the purpose of the RFA by the FCC, 
the SBA or Congress.
    13. In addition to the editorial rule changes and those that affect 
only individual persons, however, the NPRM also proposes rules that 
would affect Personal Radio Service equipment manufacturers. Some of 
these rules would allow equipment manufacturers the flexibility to 
include certain new features in their future Personal Radio Services 
products, if they so desire. Because such rules are permissive and not 
mandatory requirements, any economic effects on these manufacturers, 
such as an increase in sales or manufacturing cost per unit, would be 
the result of the equipment manufacturer's decision as to whether to 
take advantage of the increased options. As stated supra, the NPRM 
proposes (1) to require routine evaluation of certain GMRS radios for 
radio frequency exposure, (2) that the FCC no longer grant 
certification of certain types of personal radios (those combined with 
safety service radios and those with voice scrambling capability), and 
(3) to restrict future marketing use of the term ``personal locator 
beacon''. If adopted, these proposed rules could require some equipment 
manufacturers to make adjustments to their future product plans (in 
regard to combination and voice-scrambling radios) or to alter product 
labeling (in regard to personal locator beacons). The FCC believes 
however, that the cost to manufacturers of implementing any of these 
proposals would be small in comparison to the costs of design, 
manufacturing, distribution and marketing of these products. Therefore, 
the FCC concludes that adoption of the NPRM proposals would not have 
more than a de minimis, if any, economic effect on manufacturers.
    14. As for the second criterion, the FCC, while not in any way 
conceding the preceding point, considers arguendo the case that one or 
more proposals in the NPRM, if adopted, turns out to have a significant 
economic effect. In such hypothetical case, the FCC considers whether 
the economic effect would directly affect a substantial number of small 
entities. Initially, the FCC notes that the substantive proposals in 
the NPRM would directly affect only

[[Page 47145]]

operators of Personal Radio Services stations and entities who seek FCC 
certification of equipment for use in the Personal Radio Services. The 
former are individual persons, and that latter are typically large 
manufacturing organizations, neither of which is considered to be small 
entities for purposes of the RFA by the FCC, the SBA or Congress. The 
Personal Radio Services equipment market is a large, nationwide market 
and most Personal Radio Services devices are mass-marketed directly to 
the general public as consumer goods. This necessitates a large-volume 
manufacturing capability that a small entity typically does not have. 
Although there are small-entities that make accessory devices for the 
Personal Radio Services, and there are small-entity retailers, such as 
truck stops, that sell Personal Radio Services equipment (e.g. CB 
radios), the proposals outlined supra would not directly affect any of 
them. In view of these factors, the FCC concludes that the proposals in 
the NPRM would not directly affect any small entities, and thus 
obviously by reason would not directly affect a substantial number of 
small entities.
    15. The FCC therefore certifies, pursuant to the RFA, that the 
proposals in this NPRM, if adopted, would not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. The FCC will 
send a copy of the NPRM, including a copy of this Initial Regulatory 
Flexibility Certification, to the Chief Counsel for Advocacy of the 
SBA.

Initial Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 Analysis

    16. This document proposes to eliminate an information collection. 
The Commission, as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork 
burdens, invites the general public and the Office of Management and 
Budget (OMB) to comment on the information collection requirements 
contained in this document, as required by the Paperwork Reduction Act 
of 1995, Public Law 104-13. In addition, pursuant to the Small Business 
Paperwork Relief Act of 2002, Public Law 107-198, see 44 U.S.C. 
3506(c)(4), we seek specific comment on how we might ``further reduce 
the information collection burden for small business concerns with 
fewer than 25 employees.''

List of Subjects in 47 CFR Parts 1, 27 and 95

    Radio.

Federal Communications Commission.
Marlene H. Dortch,
Secretary.

Proposed Rules

    For the reasons discussed in the preamble, the Federal 
Communications Commission proposes to amend 47 CFR parts 1, 27 and 95 
as follows:

PART 1--PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

    1. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 15 U.S.C. 79 et. seq.; 47 U.S.C. 151, 154(i), 154(j), 
155, 157, 225, 303(r), and 309.

    2. Section 1.1307 is amended by revising paragraph (b)(2) as 
follows:


Sec.  1.1307  Actions that may have a significant environmental effect, 
for which Environmental Assessments (EAs) must be prepared.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) Mobile and portable transmitting devices that operate in the 
Cellular Radiotelephone Service, the Personal Communications Services 
(PCS), the Satellite Communications Services, the Wireless 
Communications Service, the Maritime Services (ship earth stations 
only), the Specialized Mobile Radio Service, and the 3650 MHz Wireless 
Broadband Service authorized under parts 22, 24, 25, 27, 80, and 90 of 
this chapter are subject to routine environmental evaluation for RF 
exposure prior to equipment authorization or use, as specified in 
Sec. Sec.  2.1091 and 2.1093 of this chapter. Unlicensed PCS, 
unlicensed NII and millimeter wave devices are also subject to routine 
environmental evaluation for RF exposure prior to equipment 
authorization or use, as specified in Sec. Sec.  15.253(f), 15.255(g), 
15.319(i), and 15.407(f) of this chapter. Portable devices as defined 
in Sec.  2.1093(b) of this chapter operating in the General Mobile 
Radio Service (GMRS), the Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) and 
the Medical Device Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) subparts C, H 
and I of part 95 of this chapter are subject to radio frequency 
radiation exposure requirements as specified in Sec. Sec.  2.1093 and 
95.49 of this chapter. Equipment authorized for use in the Medical 
Device Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) as a medical implant or 
body-worn transmitter (as defined in Appendix 1 to part 95, subpart E 
of this chapter) is subject to routine environmental evaluation for RF 
exposure prior to equipment authorization, as specified in Sec.  2.1093 
of this chapter by finite difference time domain computational modeling 
or laboratory measurement techniques. Where a showing is based on 
computational modeling, the Commission retains the discretion to 
request that specific absorption rate measurement data be submitted. 
All other mobile, portable, and unlicensed transmitting devices are 
categorically excluded from routine environmental evaluation for RF 
exposure under Sec. Sec.  2.1091, 2.1093 of this chapter except as 
specified in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section.
* * * * *

PART 27--MISCELLANEOUS WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS SERVICES

    Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 301, 302, 303, 307, 309, 332, 336, and 
337 unless otherwise noted.

    3. Section 27.1 is amended by adding paragraph (b)(10) to read as 
follows:


Sec.  27.1  Basis and purpose.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (10) 218-219 MHz.
* * * * *
    4. Amend Sec.  27.2 by adding paragraph (d) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.2  Permissible communications.

* * * * *
    (d) 218-219 MHz. A 218-219 MHz Service system may provide any fixed 
or mobile communications service to subscribers within its service area 
on its assigned spectrum, consistent with the Commission's rules and 
the regulatory status of the system to provide services on a common 
carrier or private basis.
    5. Amend Sec.  27.5 by adding paragraph (j) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.5  Frequencies.

* * * * *
    (j) 218-219 MHz band. There are two frequency segments available 
for assignment to the 218-219 MHz Service in each service area. 
Frequency segment A is 218.000-218.500 MHz. Frequency segment B is 
218.501-219.000 MHz.
    6. Amend Sec.  27.10 by revising paragraph (a) and by adding 
paragraph (e) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.10  Regulatory status.

* * * * *
    (a) Single authorization. Authorization will be granted to provide 
any or a combination of the following services in a single license: 
common carrier, non-common carrier, private internal communications, 
and broadcast

[[Page 47146]]

services. A licensee may render any kind of communications service 
consistent with the regulatory status in its license and with the 
Commission's rules applicable to that service. A system in the 218-219 
MHz Service may not provide broadcast services. An applicant or 
licensee may submit a petition at any time requesting clarification of 
the regulatory status for which authorization is required to provide a 
specific communications service.
* * * * *
    (e) Pre-existing 218-219 MHz licenses. Licenses in the 218-219 MHz 
Service granted before April 9, 2001, are authorized to provide 
services on a private (non-common carrier) basis. Licensees may modify 
this initial status pursuant to paragraph (d) of this section.
    7. Amend Sec.  27.11 by adding paragraph (j) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.11  Initial authorization.

* * * * *
    (j) 218-219 MHz band. There are two frequency segments available 
for assignment to the 218-219 MHz Service in each service area. 
Frequency segment A is 218.000-218.500 MHz. Frequency segment B is 
218.501-219.000 MHz.
    8. Amend Sec.  27.13 by adding paragraph (i) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.13  License period.

* * * * *
    (i) 218-219 MHz. Authorizations for the 218-219 MHz band will have 
a term not to exceed ten years from the date of initial issuance or 
renewal. Licenses for individually-licensed cellular transmitter 
stations will be issued for a period running concurrently with the 
license of the associated 218-219 MHz Service system with which they 
are licensed.
    9. Amend Sec.  27.14 by redesignating paragraphs (g) through (o) as 
(h) through (p), and adding paragraphs (g), (q) and (r), to read as 
follows:


Sec.  27.14  Construction requirements; criteria for renewal.

* * * * *
    (g) Comparative renewal proceedings do not apply to licensees 
holding authorizations for the 218-219 MHz band. These licensees must 
file a renewal application in accordance with the provisions set forth 
in Sec.  1.949 of this chapter.
* * * * *
    (q) Each licensee holding authorizations in the 218-219 MHz band 
must make a showing of ``substantial service'' within ten years of the 
license grant. A ``substantial service'' assessment will be made at 
renewal pursuant to the provisions and procedures contained in Sec.  
1.949 of this chapter.
    (r) Each licensee holding authorizations in the 218-219 MHz band 
must file a report informing the Commission of the service status of 
its system. The report must be labeled as an exhibit to the renewal 
application. At minimum, the report must include:
    (1) A description of its current service in terms of geographic 
coverage and population served;
    (2) An explanation of its record of expansion, including a 
timetable of new construction to meet changes in demand for service;
    (3) A description of its investments in its 218-219 MHz Service 
systems;
    (4) A list, including addresses, of all component cellular 
transmission stations constructed; and
    (5) Copies of all FCC orders finding the licensee to have violated 
the Communications Act or any Commission rules or policy; and a list of 
any pending proceedings that relate to any matter described in this 
paragraph.
    10. Amend Sec.  27.50 by adding paragraph (j) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.50  Power and antenna height limits.

* * * * *
    (j) The following power and antenna height requirements apply to 
stations transmitting in the 218-219 MHz band:
    (1) The effective radiated power (ERP) of each cellular transmitter 
station (CTS) and response transmitter unit (RTU) shall be limited to 
the minimum necessary for successful communications. No CTS or fixed 
RTU may transmit with an ERP exceeding 20 watts. No mobile RTU may 
transmit with an ERP exceeding 4 watts.
    (2) The overall height from ground to topmost tip of a CTS antenna 
shall not exceed the height necessary to assure adequate service. 
Certain CTS antennas must be individually licensed to the 218-219 MHz 
System licensee (see Sec.  27.1403(b)) and the antenna structures of 
which they are a part must be registered with the Commission (see part 
17 of this chapter).
    (3) The RTU may be connected to an external antenna not more than 
6.1 m (20 feet) above ground or above an existing man-made structure 
(other than an antenna structure). Connectors that are used to connect 
RTUs to an external antenna shall not be of the types generally known 
as ``F-type'' or ``BNC type.''
    11. Amend Sec.  27.53 by adding paragraph (o) to read as follows:


Sec.  27.53  Emission limits.

* * * * *
    (o) For operations in the 218-219 MHz band, all transmissions by 
each cellular transmitter station and by each response transmitter unit 
shall use an emission type that complies with the following standard 
for unnecessary radiation.
    (1) All spurious and out-of-band emissions shall be attenuated:
    (i) Zero dB on any frequency within the authorized frequency 
segment;
    (ii) At least 28 dB on any frequency removed from the midpoint of 
the assigned frequency segment by more than 250 kHz up to and including 
750 kHz;
    (iii) At least 35 dB on any frequency removed from the midpoint of 
the assigned frequency segment by more than 750 kHz up to and including 
1250 kHz;
    (iv) At least 43 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the 
midpoint of the assigned frequency segment by more than 1250 kHz.
    (2) When testing for certification, all measurements of unnecessary 
radiation are performed using a carrier frequency as close to the edge 
of the authorized frequency segment as the transmitter is designed to 
be capable of operating.
    (3) The resolution bandwidth of the instrumentation used to measure 
the emission power shall be 100 Hz for measuring emissions up to and 
including 250 kHz from the edge of the authorized frequency segment, 
and 10 kHz for measuring emissions more than 250 kHz from the edge of 
the authorized frequency segment. If a video filter is used, its 
bandwidth shall not be less than the resolution bandwidth. The power 
level of the highest emission within the frequency segment, to which 
the attenuation is referenced, shall be remeasured for each change in 
resolution bandwidth.
    12. Add subpart O to part 27 to read as follows:

Subpart O--218-219 MHz Band

Sec.
27.1401 Scope.
27.1402 218-219MHz service description.
27.1403 License requirements.
27.1404 License application.
27.1405 Competitive bidding proceedings.
27.1406 License transferability.
27.1407 Station identification.
27.1408 Station inspection.
27.1409 Certification.
27.1410 Interference.

    Authority: 47 U.S.C. 154, 301, 302, 303, 307, 309, 332, 336, and 
337 unless otherwise noted.

[[Page 47147]]

Sec.  27.1401  Scope.

    This subpart sets out the regulations governing the licensing and 
operation of a 218-219 MHz system. This subpart supplements part 1, 
subpart F of this chapter, which establishes the requirements and 
conditions under which commercial and private radio stations may be 
licensed and used in the Wireless Telecommunications Services.


Sec.  27.1402  218-219 MHz service description.

    (a) The 218-219 MHz Service is authorized for system licensees to 
provide communication service to subscribers in a specific service 
area.
    (b) The components of each 218-219 MHz Service system are its 
administrative apparatus, its response transmitter units (RTUs), and 
one or more cell transmitter stations (CTSs). RTUs may be used in any 
location within the service area. CTSs provide service from a fixed 
point, and certain CTSs must be individually licensed as part of a 218-
219 MHz Service system. See Sec.  27.1403.
    (c) Each 218-219 MHz Service system service area is one of the 
cellular markets as defined in Sec.  22.909 of this chapter, unless 
modified pursuant to Sec.  27.15.


Sec.  27.1403  License requirements.

    (a) Each 218-219 MHz Service system must be licensed in accordance 
with part 1, subpart F of this chapter.
    (b) Each cellular transmitter station (CTS) where the antenna does 
not exceed 6.1 meters (20 feet) above ground or an existing structure 
(other than an antenna structure) and is outside the vicinity of 
certain receiving locations (see Sec.  1.924 of this chapter) is 
authorized under the 218-219 MHz System license. All other CTS must be 
individually licensed.
    (c) All CTSs not meeting the licensing criteria under paragraph (b) 
of this section are authorized under the 218-219 MHz Service system 
license.
    (d) Each component response transmitter unit (RTU) in a 218-219 MHz 
Service system is authorized under the system license or if associated 
with an individually licensed CTS, under that CTS license.
    (e) Each CTS (regardless of whether it is individually licensed) 
and each RTU must be in compliance with the Commission's environmental 
rules (see part 1, subpart I of this chapter) and the Commission's 
rules pertaining to the construction, marking and lighting of antenna 
structures (see part 17 of this chapter).


Sec.  27.1404  License application.

    (a) In addition to the requirements of part 1, subpart F of this 
chapter, each application for a 218-219 MHz Service system license must 
include a plan analyzing the co- and adjacent channel interference 
potential of the proposed system, identifying methods being used to 
minimize this interference, and showing how the proposed system will 
meet the service requirements set forth in Sec.  27.14. This plan must 
be updated to reflect changes to the 218-219 MHz Service system design 
or construction.
    (b) In addition to the requirements of part 1, subpart F of this 
chapter, each request by a 218-219 MHz Service system licensee to add, 
delete, or modify technical information of an individually licensed 
cellular transmitter station (CTS) (see Sec.  27.1403(b)) must include 
a description of the system after the proposed addition, deletion, or 
modifications, including the population in the service area, the number 
of component CTSs, and an explanation of how the system will satisfy 
the service requirements specified in Sec.  27.14.


Sec.  27.1405  Competitive bidding proceedings.

    (a) Mutually exclusive initial applications for 218-219 MHz Service 
licenses are subject to competitive bidding. The general competitive 
bidding procedures set forth in part 1, subpart Q of this chapter will 
apply unless otherwise provided in this part.
    (b) Installment payments. Eligible Licensees that elect resumption 
pursuant to Amendment of Part 95 of the Commission's Rules to Provide 
Regulatory Flexibility in the 218-219 MHz Service, Report and Order and 
Memorandum Opinion and Order, FCC 99-239 (released September 10, 1999) 
may continue to participate in the installment payment program. 
Eligible Licensees are those that were current in installment payments 
(i.e., less than ninety days delinquent) as of March 16, 1998, or those 
that had properly filed grace period requests under the former 
installment payment rules. All unpaid interest from grant date through 
election date will be capitalized into the principal as of Election Day 
creating a new principal amount. Installment payments must be made on a 
quarterly basis. Installment payments will be calculated based on new 
principal amount as of Election Day and will fully amortize over the 
remaining term of the license. The interest rate will equal the rate 
for five-year U.S. Treasury obligations at the grant date.
    (c) Installment payment provisions for partitioning and 
disaggregation--(1) Parties not qualified for installment payment 
plans.
    (i) When a winning bidder (partitionor or disaggregator) that 
elected to pay for its license through an installment payment plan 
partitions its license or disaggregates spectrum to another party 
(partitionee or disaggregatee) that would not qualify for an 
installment payment plan, or elects not to pay for its share of the 
license through installment payments, the outstanding principal balance 
owed by the partitionor or disaggregator shall be apportioned according 
to Sec.  1.2111(e)(3) of this chapter. The partitionor or disaggregator 
is responsible for accrued and unpaid interest through and including 
the consummation date.
    (ii) The partitionee or disaggregatee shall, as a condition of the 
approval of the partial assignment application, pay its entire pro rata 
amount of the outstanding principal balance on or before the 
consummation date. Failure to meet this condition will result in 
cancellation of the grant of the partial assignment application.
    (iii) The partitionor or disaggregator shall be permitted to 
continue to pay its pro rata share of the outstanding balance and, if 
applicable, shall receive loan documents evidencing the partitioning 
and disaggregation. The original interest rate, established pursuant to 
Sec.  1.2110(g)(3)(i) of this chapter at the time of the grant of the 
initial license in the market, shall continue to be applied to the 
partitionor's or disaggregator's portion of the remaining government 
obligation.
    (iv) A default on the partitionor's or disaggregator's payment 
obligation will affect only the partitionor's or disaggregator's 
portion of the market.
    (2) Parties qualified for installment payment plans.
    (i) Where both parties to a partitioning or disaggregation 
agreement qualify for installment payments, the partitionee or 
disaggregatee will be permitted to make installment payments on its 
portion of the remaining government obligation.
    (ii) Each party may be required, as a condition to approval of the 
partial assignment application, to execute loan documents agreeing to 
pay its pro rata portion of the outstanding principal balance due, as 
apportioned according to Sec.  1.2111(e)(3) of this chapter, based upon 
the installment payment terms for which it qualifies under the rules. 
Failure by either party to meet this condition will result in the 
automatic cancellation of the grant of the partial assignment 
application. The interest rate, established pursuant to Sec.  
1.2110(g)(3)(i) of this chapter at the time of the grant of the initial 
license in

[[Page 47148]]

the market, shall continue to be applied to both parties' portion of 
the balance due. Each party will receive a license for its portion of 
the partitioned market.
    (iii) A default on an obligation will affect only that portion of 
the market area held by the defaulting party.
    (d) Eligibility for small business provisions.
    (1) A small business is an entity that, together with its 
affiliates and controlling interests, has average gross revenues not to 
exceed $15 million for the preceding three years.
    (2) A very small business is an entity that, together with its 
affiliates and controlling interests, has average gross revenues not to 
exceed $3 million for the preceding three years.
    (e) Bidding credits. A winning bidder that qualifies as a small 
business, as defined in this subsection, or a consortium of small 
businesses may use the bidding credit specified in Sec.  
1.2110(f)(2)(ii) of this chapter. A winning bidder that qualifies as a 
very small business, as defined in this section, or a consortium of 
very small businesses may use the bidding credit specified in 
accordance with Sec.  1.2110(f)(2)(i) of this chapter.
    (f) Winning bidders in Auction No. 2, which took place on July 28-
29, 1994, that, at the time of auction, met the qualifications under 
the Commission's rules then in effect, for small business status will 
receive a twenty-five percent bidding credit pursuant to Amendment of 
Part 95 of the Commission's Rules to Provide Regulatory Flexibility in 
the 218-219 MHz Service, Report and Order and Memorandum Opinion and 
Order, FCC 99-239 (released September 10, 1999).


Sec.  27.1406  License transferability.

    (a) A 218-219 MHz Service system license, together with all of its 
component cellular transmitter stations (CTS) licenses, may be 
transferred, assigned, sold, or given away only in accordance with the 
provisions and procedures set forth in Sec.  1.948 of this chapter. For 
licenses acquired through competitive bidding procedures (including 
licenses obtained in cases of no mutual exclusivity), designated 
entities must comply with Sec. Sec.  1.2110 and 1.2111 of this chapter 
(see Sec.  1.948(a)(3) of this chapter).
    (b) If the transfer, assignment, sale, or gift of a license is 
approved, the new licensee is held to the construction requirements set 
forth in Sec.  27.14.


Sec.  27.1407  Station identification.

    No response transmitter unit or cellular transmitter station is 
required to transmit a station identification announcement.


Sec.  27.1408  Station inspection.

    Upon request by an authorized Commission representative, the 218-
219 MHz Service system licensee must make any component cellular 
transmitter station available for inspection.


Sec.  27.1409  Certification.

    Each cellular transmitter station and response transmitter unit 
must be certificated for use in the 218-219 MHz Service in accordance 
with part 2, subpart J of this chapter.


Sec.  27.1410  Interference.

    (a) When a 218-219 MHz Service system suffers harmful interference 
within its service area or causes harmful interference to another 218-
219 MHz Service system, the licensees of both systems must cooperate 
and resolve the problem by mutually satisfactory arrangements. If the 
licensees are unable to do so, the Commission may impose restrictions 
including, but not limited to, specifying the transmitter power, 
antenna height or area, duty cycle, or hours of operation for the 
stations concerned.
    (b) The use of any frequency segment (or portion thereof) at a 
given geographical location may be denied when, in the judgment of the 
Commission, its use in that location is not in the public interest; the 
use of a frequency segment (or portion thereof) specified for the 218-
219 MHz Service system may be restricted as to specified geographical 
areas, maximum power, or other operating conditions.
    (c) A 218-219 MHz Service licensee must provide a copy of the plan 
required by Sec.  27.1404 (a) to every TV Channel 13 station whose 
Noise Limited Contour, as determined in Sec.  73.622(e) of this 
chapter, overlaps the licensed service area for the 218-219 MHz Service 
system. The 218-219 MHz Service licensee must send the plan to the TV 
Channel 13 licensee(s) within 10 days from the date the 218-219 MHz 
Service submits the plan to the Commission, and the 218-219 MHz Service 
licensee must send updates to this plan to the TV Channel 13 
licensee(s) within 10 days from the date that such updates are filed 
with the Commission pursuant to Sec.  95.815 of this chapter.
    (d) Each 218-219 MHz Service system licensee must provide upon 
request, and install free of charge, an interference reduction device 
to any household within a TV Channel 13 station Noise Limited Contour 
that experiences interference due to a component cellular transmitter 
station or response transmitter unit (RTU).
    (e) Each 218-219 MHz Service system licensee must investigate and 
eliminate harmful interference to television broadcasting and 
reception, from its component CTSs and RTSs, within 30 days of the time 
it is notified in writing, by either an affected television station, an 
affected viewer, or the Commission, of an interference complaint. 
Should the licensee fail to eliminate the interference within the 30-
day period, the CTS(s) or RTU(s) causing the problem(s) must 
discontinue operation.
    (f) The boundary of the 218-219 MHz Service system, as defined in 
its authorization, is the limit of interference protection for that 
218-219 MHz Service system.
    13. Part 95 is revised as follows:

PART 95--Personal Radio Services

Subpart A--General Information
Sec.
95.1 Basis and Purpose.
95.3 Definitions.
95.5 License requirement and eligibility.
95.7 Authorized locations.
95.9 Licensee responsibility.
95.11 Station inspection.
95.13 Correspondence and notices from the FCC.
95.15 Penalties for violating the rules.
95.17 Contact the FCC.
Subpart B--Technical Information
95.31 Scope.
95.33 Equipment certification requirements.
95.35 Power.
95.37 Frequency tolerance.
95.39 Bandwidth limitations.
95.41 Unwanted emissions.
95.43 Modulation standards.
95.45 Antenna limits.
95.47 Telephone interconnection.
95.49 RF safety.
Subpart C--General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS)
95.101 Scope.
95.103 Channels available.
95.105 Permissible communications.
Subpart D--Radio Control (R/C) Radio Service
95.201 Scope.
95.203 Channels available.
95.207 Permissible communications.
95.209 Special restrictions on the location of R/C stations.
95.211 Operation by remote control.
Subpart E--Citizens Band (CB) Radio Service
95.301 Scope.
95.303 Am I eligible to operate a CB station?
95.305 Are there any special restrictions on the location of my CB 
station?
95.307 On what channels may I operate?
95.309 Do I have any antenna limitations?.
95.311 What equipment may I use at my CB station?

[[Page 47149]]

95.313 May I use power amplifiers?
95.315 What communications may be transmitted?
95.317 What communications are prohibited?
95.319 May I be paid to use my CB station?
95.321 Do I have to limit the length of my communications?
95.323 How do I use my CB station in an emergency or to assist a 
traveler?
95.325 May I operate my CB station transmitter by remote control?
95.327 May I connect my CB station transmitter to a telephone?
Subpart F--Family Radio Service (FRS)
95.401 Scope.
95.403 Channels available.
95.405 Permissible communications.
Subpart G--Low Power Radio Service (LPRS)
95.501 Scope.
95.503 Channels available.
95.505 Permissible communications.
95.507 Notification requirement.
95.509 Marketing limitations.
Subpart H--Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS)
95.601 Scope.
95.603 Channels available.
95.605 Permissible communications.
95.607 Frequency coordination.
95.609 Frequency coordinator.
95.611 Special requirements for operating in the 608-614 MHz band.
95.613 Special requirements for wireless medical telemetry devices 
operating in the 1395-1400 and 1427-1429.5 MHz bands.
95.615 Protection of medical equipment.
Subpart I--Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio)
95.701 Scope.
95.703 Permissible communications.
95.705 Channel use policy.
95.707 Disclosure polices.
95.709 Labeling requirements.
95.711 Marketing limitations.
95.713 Certification procedures.
95.715 MedRadio transmitters.
95.717 Maximum transmitter power.
95.719 Emission types.
95.721 Emission bandwidth.
95.723 Unwanted radiation.
95.725 Antennas.
95.727 RF exposure.
Subpart J--Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS)
95.801 Scope.
95.803 Channels available.
95.805 Permissible communications.
95.807 Repeater operations and signal boosters prohibited.
95.809 Grandfathered MURS Stations.
Subpart K--Personal Locator Beacons (PLB)
95.901 Scope.
95.903 Channels available.
95.905 Permissible communications.
95.907 Special requirements for 406 MHz PLBs.
95.909 Marketing limitations.
Subpart L--Dedicated Short-range Communications Service On-Board Units 
(DSRCS-OBUs)
95.1001 Scope.
95.1003 ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.
95.1005 Channel designations of frequencies available.

    Authority: Secs. 4, 303, 48 Stat. 1066, 1082, as amended; 47 
U.S.C. 154, 303.

Subpart A--General Information


Sec.  95.1  Basis and purpose.

    This section contains a concise general statement of the basis and 
purpose of the rules in this part, pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 553(c).
    (a) Basis. These rules are issued pursuant to the Communications 
Act of 1934, as amended, 47 U.S.C. 151 et. seq.
    (b) Purpose. The purpose of these rules is to establish the 
requirements and conditions under which radio stations may be licensed 
and used in the Personal Radio Services.


Sec.  95.3  Definitions.

    Antenna. The radiating system (for transmitting, receiving or both) 
and the structure holding it up (tower, pole or mast).
    Authorized bandwidth. Maximum permissible bandwidth of a 
transmission.
    Automated maritime telecommunications system (AMTS). An automatic 
maritime communications system administered under part 80 of the 
Commission's rules.
    Base station. A fixed station that communicates with mobile 
stations.
    Carrier power. Average transmitter output power during one RF cycle 
under condition of no modulation.
    Channel center frequencies. Reference frequencies from which the 
carrier frequency, suppressed or otherwise, may not deviate by more 
than the specified frequency tolerance.
    Citizens Band (CB) Radio Service. The CB Radio Service is a 
private, two-way, short-distance voice communications service intended 
primarily for personal activities of the general public. The CB Radio 
Service may also be used for voice paging.
    Citizens Band Radio Services. The Citizens Band Radio Services are 
the Citizens Band, Family Radio Service, Personal Locator Beacon, Low 
Power Radio Service, Medical Implant Communications Service, Multi-Use 
Radio Service, Wireless Medical Telemetry Service, and Dedicated Short-
range Communications Service On-Board Units.
    CB transmitter. A transmitter that operates or is intended to 
operate at a station authorized in the CB Radio Service.
    Dedicated Short-range Communications Service On-Board Units (DSRCS-
OBUs). DSRCS-OBUs may communicate with DSRCS Roadside Units (RSUs), 
which are authorized under part 90 of this chapter.
    Family Radio Service (FRS). The FRS is a private, two-way, very 
short-distance voice and data communications service for facilitating 
family and group activities.
    General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS). GMRS is a land mobile radio 
service available to persons for short-distance two-way communications 
intended primarily to facilitate personal communications.
    Health care facility. A health care facility includes hospitals and 
other establishments that offer services, facilities and beds for use 
beyond a 24-hour period in rendering medical treatment, and 
institutions and organizations regularly engaged in providing medical 
services through clinics, public health facilities, and similar 
establishments, including government entities and agencies such as 
Veterans Administration hospitals; except the term health care facility 
does not include an ambulance or other moving vehicle.
    Low Power Radio Service (LPRS). The LPRS is a private, short-
distance communications service providing auditory assistance to 
persons with disabilities, persons who require language translations, 
and persons in educational settings, health care assistance to the ill, 
law enforcement tracking services in cooperation with law enforcement, 
and point-to-point network control communications for Automated Marine 
Telecommunications System (AMTS) coast stations licensed under part 80 
of this chapter.
    Mean power. Average transmitter output power over a time interval 
of at least 0.1 seconds.
    Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio). An ultra-low 
power radio service for the transmission of non-voice data for the 
purpose of facilitating diagnostic and/or therapeutic functions 
involving implanted and body-worn medical devices.
    With regard to MedRadio, the following definitions apply:
    (1) EIRP. Equivalent Isotropically Radiated Power. Antenna input 
power times gain for free-space or in-tissue measurement configurations 
required by MedRadio, expressed in watts, where the gain is referenced 
to an isotropic radiator.
    (2) Emission bandwidth. Measured as the width of the signal between 
the points on either side of carrier center

[[Page 47150]]

frequency that are 20 dB down relative to the maximum level of the 
modulated carrier. Compliance will be determined using instrumentation 
employing a peak detector function and a resolution bandwidth 
approximately equal to 1% of the emission bandwidth of the device under 
test.
    (3) Medical body-worn device. Apparatus that is placed on or in 
close proximity to the human body (e.g., within a few centimeters) for 
the purpose of performing diagnostic or therapeutic functions.
    (4) Medical body-worn transmitter. A MedRadio transmitter intended 
to be placed on or in close proximity to the human body (e.g., within a 
few centimeters) used to facilitate communications with other medical 
communications devices for purposes of delivering medical therapy to a 
patient or collecting medical diagnostic information from a patient.
    (5) Medical implant device. Apparatus that is placed inside the 
human body for the purpose of performing diagnostic and/or therapeutic 
functions.
    (6) Medical implant event. An occurrence or the lack of an 
occurrence recognized by a medical implant device, or a duly authorized 
health care professional, that requires the transmission of data from a 
medical implant transmitter in order to protect the safety or well-
being of the person in whom the medical implant transmitter has been 
implanted.
    (7) Medical implant transmitter. A MedRadio transmitter in which 
both the antenna and transmitter device are designed to operate within 
a human body for the purpose if facilitating communications from a 
medical implant device.
    (8) MedRadio channel. Any continuous segment of spectrum that is 
equal to the emission bandwidth of the device with the largest 
bandwidth that is to participate in a MedRadio communications session. 
(Note: The rules do not specify a channeling scheme for use by MedRadio 
systems.)
    (9) MedRadio communications session. A collection of transmissions, 
that may or may not be continuous, between MedRadio system devices.
    (10) Medical implant transmitter. A transmitter authorized to 
operate in the MedRadio service.
    (11) MedRadio programmer/control transmitter. A MedRadio 
transmitter that operates or is designed to operate outside of a human 
body for the purpose of communicating with a receiver, or for 
triggering a transmitter, connected to a medical implant device or to a 
medical body-worn device used in the MedRadio Service; and which also 
typically includes a frequency monitoring system that initiates a 
MedRadio communications session.
    (12) MedRadio Service. Medical Device Radiocommunication Service.
    (13) Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS). MURS is a private, two-way, 
short-distance voice, data or image communications service for personal 
or business activities of the general public.
    (14) Personal Locator Beacon (PLB). PLBs are intended to provide 
individuals in remote areas a means to alert others of an emergency 
situation and to aid search and rescue personnel to locate those in 
distress.
    (15) Radio Control (R/C) Radio Service. The R/C Service is a 
private, one-way, short-distance non-voice communications service for 
the operation of devices at remote locations.
    (16) R/C transmitter. A transmitter that operates or is intended to 
operate at a station authorized in the R/C.
    (17) Wireless medical telemetry. The measurement and recording of 
physiological parameters and other patient-related information via 
radiated bi- or unidirectional electromagnetic signals in the 608-614 
MHz, 1395-1400 MHz, and 1427-1429.5 MHz frequency bands.
    (18) Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS). The WMTS is a 
private, short-distance data communication service for the transmission 
of patient medical information to a central monitoring location in a 
hospital or other hospital care facility.


Sec.  95.5  License requirement and eligibility.

    Except as set forth in paragraphs (a) through (d), you are 
authorized by rule (no individual FCC license is required) to operate 
Personal Radio Service transmitters that have been approved as required 
in Sec.  95.33.
    (a) Stations belonging to and operated by the United States 
Government, and stations operated by foreign governments or their 
representatives are not authorized.
    (b) Each entity operating a LPRS transmitter for AMTS purposes must 
hold an AMTS license under part 80 of this chapter.
    (c) Authorized health care providers are authorized by rule to 
operate transmitters in the Wireless Medical Telemetry Service without 
an individual license issued by the Commission provided the 
coordination requirements in Sec.  95.607 have been met. Manufacturers 
of wireless medical telemetry devices and their representatives are 
authorized to operate wireless medical telemetry transmitters in this 
service solely for the purpose of demonstrating such equipment to, or 
installing and maintaining such equipment for, duly authorized health 
care providers. No entity that is a foreign government or which is 
active in the capacity as a representative of a foreign government is 
eligible to operate a WMTS transmitter.
    (d) Operation in the MedRadio service is permitted by rule and 
without an individual license issued by the FCC. Duly authorized health 
care professionals are permitted to operate MedRadio transmitters. 
Persons may also operate MedRadio transmitters to the extent the 
transmitters are incorporated into implanted or body-worn medical 
devices that are used by the person at the direction of a duly 
authorized health care professional; this includes medical devices that 
have been implanted in that person or placed on the body of that person 
by or under the direction of a duly authorized health care 
professional. Manufacturers of medical devices that include MedRadio 
transmitters, and their representatives, are authorized to operate 
transmitters in this service for the purpose of demonstrating such 
equipment to duly authorized health care professionals. No entity that 
is a foreign government or which is acting in its capacity as a 
representative of a foreign government is eligible to operate a 
MedRadio transmitter. The term ``duly authorized health care 
professional'' means a physician or other individual authorized under 
state or federal law to provide health care services. Operations that 
comply with the requirements of this part may be conducted under manual 
or automatic control.


Sec.  95.7  Authorized locations.

    (a) Provided that you comply with the rules of this chapter, you 
are authorized to operate a Personal Radio Services transmitter from:
    (1) Within the United States and its territories. Those areas 
include the fifty United States and the District of Columbia, the 
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands (50 
islets and cays), American Samoa (seven islands), the Commonwealth of 
Northern Marianna Islands, and Guam Island;
    (2) Aboard any vessel or aircraft registered in the United States, 
with the permission of the captain, that is within or over the United 
States or its territories, U.S. territorial waters, or upon or over 
international waters; or
    (3) Aboard any unregistered vessel or aircraft owned or operated by 
a United States citizen or company that is within or over the United 
States or its

[[Page 47151]]

territories, U.S. territorial waters or upon or over international 
waters.
    (b) You may be subject to additional restrictions if you operate 
your Personal Radio Services transmitter:
    (1) Near an FCC field office or in a quiet zone. See Sec.  1.924 of 
this chapter.
    (2) In an area subject to an international treaty or agreement.
    (3) At an environmentally sensitive site, or in such a manner as to 
raise environmental problems. See Sec. Sec.  1.1307, 1.1311 and 1.1312 
of this chapter.
    (4) In an area administered by the United States Government. For 
example, the Department of Defense may impose restrictions on a station 
transmitting on its land. Before placing a station at such a point, a 
licensee should consult with the commanding officer in charge of the 
land. Anyone intending to operate a Personal Radio Services transmitter 
on the islands of Puerto Rico, Desecheo, Mona, Vieques, and Culebra in 
a manner that could pose an interference threat to the Arecibo 
Observatory shall notify the Interference Office, Arecibo Observatory, 
HC3 Box 53995, Arecibo, Puerto Rico 00612, in writing or 
electronically, of the location of the unit. Operators may wish to 
consult interference guidelines, which will be provided by Cornell 
University. Operators who choose to transmit information electronically 
should send an e-mail to: [email protected].
    (i) The notification to the Interference Office, Arecibo 
Observatory shall be made 45 days prior to commencing operation of the 
unit. The notification shall state the geographical coordinates of the 
unit.
    (ii) After receipt of such notifications, the Commission will allow 
the Arecibo Observatory a period of 20 days for comments or objections. 
The operator will be required to make reasonable efforts in order to 
resolve or mitigate any potential interference problem with the Arecibo 
Observatory. If the Commission determines that an operator has 
satisfied its responsibility to make reasonable efforts to protect the 
Observatory from interference, the unit may be allowed to operate.
    (c) Wireless Medical Telemetry Service devices shall not operate in 
mobile vehicles, such as ambulances, even if those vehicles are 
associated with a health care facility.


Sec.  95.9  Licensee responsibility.

    (a) A licensee (including entities licensed by rule) of a Personal 
Radio Services transmitter is responsible at all times for the proper 
operation of the transmitter. Licensees must at all times and on all 
channels give priority to emergency communications.
    (b) You must not use a Personal Radio Service station:
    (1) In connection with any activity which is against federal, state 
or local law;
    (2) For the transmission of advertisements or program material 
associated with television or radio broadcasting;
    (3) To intentionally interfere with another station's 
transmissions;
    (4) To transmit sound effects (music, whistling, etc.) or obscene, 
profane or indecent words, language or meaning; or
    (5) To transmit messages for hire or provide a common carrier 
service;
    (6) Additional service-specific prohibitions are set forth in the 
relevant subparts of this chapter.


Sec.  95.11  Station inspection.

    (a) If an authorized FCC representative requests to inspect your 
Personal Radio Services station, you must make your station and records 
available for inspection.
    (b) A Personal Radio Service station includes all of the radio 
equipment you use in connection with that station.
    (c) Your station records include the following documents, as 
applicable:
    (1) A copy of each response to an FCC violation notice or an FCC 
letter.
    (2) Each written permission received from the FCC.


Sec.  95.13  Correspondence and notices from the FCC.

    (a) If the FCC sends you a letter asking you questions about your 
Personal Radio Service radio station or its operation:
    (1) You must answer each of the questions with a complete written 
statement within the time period stated in the letter;
    (2) You must not shorten your answer by references to other 
communications or notices;
    (3) You must send your answer to the FCC office which sent you the 
notice; and
    (4) You must keep a copy of your answer in your station records.
    (b) If it appears to the FCC that you have violated the 
Communications Act or these rules, the FCC may send you an official 
notice concerning the violation.
    (1) Within the time period stated in the notice, you must send your 
answer to the FCC office which sent you the notice and you must answer 
with:
    (i) A complete written statement which fully explains each 
violation;
    (ii) A complete written statement about any action you have taken 
to correct the violation and to prevent it from happening again; and
    (iii) The name of the person operating the station at the time of 
the violation.
    (2) If the FCC informs you that your Personal Radio Service station 
is causing interference for technical reasons, you must follow all 
instructions in the official notice. (This notice may require you to 
have technical adjustments made to your equipment.)
    (3) You must comply with any restricted hours of station operation 
which may be included in the official notice.
    (4) You must keep a copy of your answer in your station records.


Sec.  95.15  Penalties for violating the rules.

    (a) If the FCC finds that you have willfully or repeatedly violated 
the Communications Act or the Commission's rules, you may have to pay 
as much as $16,000 for each violation, up to a total of $112,500. (See 
Sec.  1.80 of this chapter.)
    (b) If the FCC finds that you have violated any section of the 
Communications Act or the Commission's rules, you may be ordered to 
stop whatever action caused the violation. (See section 312(b) of the 
Communications Act.)
    (c) If a federal court finds that you have willfully and knowingly 
violated any Commission rules, you may be fined up to $500 for each day 
you committed the violation. (See section 502 of the Communications 
Act.)
    (d) If a federal court finds that you have willfully and knowingly 
violated any provision of the Communications Act, you may be fined up 
to $10,000 or you may be imprisoned for one year, or both. (See section 
501 of the Communications Act.)


Sec.  95.17  Contact the FCC.

    You may contact the FCC in any of the following ways:
    (a) FCC National Call Center at 1-888-225-5322, TTY 1-888-835-5322;
    (b) FCC World Wide Web homepage: http://www.fcc.gov; or
    (c) In writing, to FCC, 1270 Fairfield Road, Gettysburg, PA 17325-
7245, Attention: Personal Radio Services.

Subpart B--Technical Information


Sec.  95.31  Scope.

    This subpart covers technical standards pertaining to transmitters 
used or intended to be used in all the part 95 Personal Radio Services.


Sec.  95.33  Equipment certification requirements.

    (a) General equipment certification requirement. Except as provided 
below a Personal Radio Services transmitter must be certified to 
operate in the radio service in which it is intended to be

[[Page 47152]]

used. Any entity may request certification for its transmitter when the 
transmitter is used in the Personal Radio Services following the 
procedures in part 2 of this chapter.
    (b) Non-certified transmitters.
    (1) Non-certified R/C transmitters may be used in the R/C Service 
if they only operate in the 26.995-27.255 MHz band and comply with the 
part 95 technical standards.
    (2) Non-certified medical implant or medical body-worn transmitters 
that are not marketed for use in the United States, but which otherwise 
comply with the MedRadio technical requirements, may be used by 
individuals who have traveled to the United States.
    (c) Modification of certified equipment. Only the holder of the 
equipment certification may make modifications to the design of a 
certificated Personal Radio Services transmitter, and then only 
pursuant to and in full compliance with the requirements and procedures 
in part 2 of this chapter. See Sec. Sec.  2.932 and 2.1043 of this 
chapter.
    (1) No person shall make any modification to any certificated 
Personal Radio Services transmitter that changes or affects the 
technical operation of that transmitter, including any modification to 
provide for additional transmitting frequencies, increased modulation 
level, a different form of modulation, or increased transmitter output 
power (either mean power or peak envelope power or both). Any such 
modification would void the certified status of that transmitter and 
render it unacceptable for use in the Personal Radio Services, pursuant 
to paragraph (a) of this section.
    (2) No person shall willfully and knowingly use any Personal Radio 
transmitter which has been modified in violation of paragraph (c)(1) of 
this section.
    (d) Limitations. No external device or accessory may be added on to 
a personal radio transmitter that can result in a violation of the 
rules.
    (1) No control, switch or other type of adjustment which, when 
manipulated, can result in a violation of the rules shall be accessible 
to the user.
    (2) No Personal Radio Services transmitter shall incorporate 
provisions for increasing its transmitter power to any level in excess 
of the maximum power permitted under the rules.
    (3) No transmitter will be certified for use in a Personal Radio 
Service if the radio has the capability to operate on frequencies in a 
licensed or safety service (frequencies externally accessible). Safety 
service refers to communications involving the safety of life, property 
or health.
    (e) Specific equipment certification requirements.
    (1) GMRS, CB, FRS and MURS transmitters may transmit tones to make 
contact or to continue communications with a particular transmitter. If 
the tone is audible (more than 300 Hertz), it must last no longer than 
15 seconds at one time. If the tone is subaudible (300 Hertz or less), 
it may be transmitted continuously only while you are talking.
    (2) FRS and GMRS units may transmit digital data containing 
location information, or requesting location information from one or 
more other units within that service, or containing a brief text 
message to another specific unit or units. Digital data transmissions 
must be initiated by a manual action or command of a user, except that 
an FRS or GMRS unit receiving an interrogation request may 
automatically respond with its location. Digital data transmissions 
shall not exceed one second, and shall be limited to no more than one 
digital transmission within a thirty-second period, except that a unit 
may automatically respond to more than one interrogation request 
received within a thirty-second period.
    (3) Applications for certification of GMRS transmitters received on 
or after [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE FINAL RULE] will be granted only for 
equipment with a 12.5 kHz bandwidth.
    (4) GMRS transmitters that are designed with a maximum channel 
bandwidth greater than 12.5 kHz shall not be manufactured in, imported 
into or marketed in the United States after a specified date to be 
determined in WT Docket 10-119.
    (5) FRS units are prohibited from transmitting data in store-and-
forward packet operation mode.
    (6) An R/C transmitter which incorporates plug-in frequency 
determining modules which are changed by the user must be certificated 
with the modules. Each module must contain all of the frequency 
determining circuitry including the oscillator. Plug-in crystals are 
not considered modules and must not be accessible to the user.
    (7) No transmitter will be certificated for use in the CB service 
if it is equipped with a frequency capability not listed in Sec.  
95.307, unless such transmitter is also certificated for use in another 
radio service for which the frequency capability is authorized and for 
which certification is also required (transmitters with frequency 
capability for the Amateur Radio Services and Military Affiliate Radio 
System will not be certificated).
    (8) No transmitter will be certificated for use in the GMRS if it 
is equipped with a frequency capability not listed in Sec.  95.103, 
unless such transmitter is also certificated for use in another radio 
service for which the frequency capability is authorized and for which 
certification is also required (transmitters with frequency capability 
for the Amateur Radio Services and Military Affiliate Radio System will 
not be certificated).
    (9) All frequency determining circuitry (including crystals) and 
programming controls in each CB transmitter and in each GMRS 
transmitter must be internal to the transmitter and must not be 
accessible from the exterior of the transmitter operating panel or from 
the exterior of the transmitter enclosure.
    (10) No add-on device, whether internal or external, the function 
of which is to extend the transmitting frequency capability of a CB 
transmitter beyond its original capability, shall be manufactured, sold 
or attached to any CB station transmitter.
    (11) No transmitter will be certificated for use in MURS if it is 
equipped with a frequency capability not listed in Sec.  95.803.
    (f) Enclosures, Instruction Manuals, Disclosures.
    (1) A user's instruction manual must be supplied with each Personal 
Radio Service transmitter marketed. See Sec.  2.1033 of this chapter.
    (2) The instruction manual must contain all information necessary 
for the proper installation and operation of the transmitter including:
    (i) Instructions concerning all controls, adjustments and switches 
that may be operated or adjusted without resulting in a violation of 
the rule and;
    (ii) Warnings concerning any adjustment that could result in a 
violation of the rules or that is recommended to be performed by or 
under the immediate supervision and responsibility of a person 
certified as technically qualified to perform transmitter maintenance 
and repair duties in the private land mobile services and fixed 
services by an organization or committee representative of users of 
those services.
    (iii) Manufacturers of LPRS transmitters used for auditory 
assistance, health care assistance, and law enforcement tracking 
purposes must include with each transmitting device the following 
statement: ``This transmitter is authorized by rule under the Low Power 
Radio Service (47 CFR part 95) and must not cause harmful interference 
to TV reception or to the United States Air Force Space

[[Page 47153]]

Surveillance System operating in the 216.88-217.08 MHz band. You do not 
need an FCC license to operate this transmitter. This transmitter may 
only be used to provide: Auditory assistance to persons with 
disabilities, persons who require language translation, or persons in 
educational settings; health care services to the ill; law enforcement 
tracking services under agreement with a law enforcement agency; or 
automated maritime telecommunications system (AMTS) network control 
communications. Two-way voice communications and all other types of 
uses not mentioned above are expressly prohibited.''
    (iv) Prior to operating a LPRS transmitter for AMTS purposes, an 
AMTS licensee must notify, in writing, each television station that may 
be affected by such operations, as defined in Sec.  80.215(h) of this 
chapter. The notification provided with the station's license 
application is sufficient to satisfy this requirement if no new 
television stations would be affected.
    (g) Labeling requirements.
    (1) Each LPRS transmitting device shall bear the following 
statement in a conspicuous location on the device: ``This device may 
not interfere with TV reception or Federal Government radar.''
    (i) Where LPRS device is constructed in two or more sections 
connected by wire and marketed together, the statement specified in 
this section is required to be affixed only to the main control unit.
    (ii) When the LPRS device is so small or for such use that it is 
not practicable to place the statement specified in the section on it, 
the statement must be placed in a prominent location in the instruction 
manual or pamphlet supplied to the user or, alternatively, shall be 
placed on the container in which the device is marketed.
    (2) Additional information regarding certification and labeling of 
PLBs is set forth in Sec.  95.907.
    (3) WMTS. Each device shall be labeled with the following 
statement: ``Operation of this equipment requires the prior 
coordination with a frequency coordinator designated by the FCC for the 
Wireless Medical Telemetry Service.''


Sec.  95.35  Power.

    (a) Use of a transmitter which has power (power output, EIRP, field 
strength, carrier or peak envelope power) in excess of that specified 
below voids your authority to operate the station.
    (b) GMRS.
    (1) Except as provided for in paragraph (2) of this section, the 
maximum power permitted is as follows:
    (i) GMRS base stations--50 watts output power;
    (ii) GMRS small base stations (operating on even numbered GMRS 
channels)--5 watts output power;
    (iii) GMRS fixed stations--15 watts output power;
    (iv) GMRS mobile stations (except portable/handheld units)--50 
watts output power; and
    (v) GMRS portable/handheld units--2 watts ERP.
    (2) Any GMRS station located at a point north of Line A or east of 
Line C must transmit with no more than 5 watts ERP.
    (c) R/C. Your R/C station transmitter power output must not exceed 
the following value under any conditions:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                      Transmitter  power
                    Channel (MHz)                       (carrier power)
                                                             watts
------------------------------------------------------------------------
27.255..............................................               25
26.995-27.195.......................................                4
72-76...............................................                0.75
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) CB. Your CB station transmitter power output must not exceed 
the following values under any conditions: AM (A3)--4 watts (carrier 
power) SSB--12 watts (peak envelope power).
    (e) FRS. Regardless of modulation, the power shall not exceed 0.5 
watts ERP.
    (f) LPRS. The maximum allowable ERP for a station in the LPRS other 
than an AMTS station is 100 mW. The maximum allowable ERP for an AMTS 
station in the LPRS is 1 W, so long as emissions are attenuated, in 
accordance with Sec.  80.211 of this chapter, at the band edges.
    (g) WMTS. The maximum field strength authorized for WMTS stations 
in the 608-614 MHz band is 200 mV/m, measured at 3 meters using 
measuring instrumentation with a CISPR quasi-peak detector. For 
stations in the 1395-1400 MHz and 1427-1429.5 MHz bands, the maximum 
field strength is 740 mV/m, measured at 3 meters using measuring 
equipment with an averaging detection and a 1 MHz measurement 
bandwidth.
    (h) MURS. Regardless of modulation, the power shall not exceed 2 
watts ERP.
    (i) PLB. See Sec.  95.907.
    (j) DSRCS-OBU. DSRCS-OBUs are governed under subpart L of this 
part, except the maximum output power for portable DSRCS-OBUs is 1.0 
mW. For purposes of this paragraph, a portable is a transmitting device 
designed to be used so that the radiating structure(s) of the device 
is/are within 20 centimeters of the body of the user.


Sec.  95.37  Frequency tolerance.

    (a) GMRS. Each GMRS transmitter for mobile station, small base 
station and control station operation must be maintained within a 
frequency tolerance of 5 parts-per-million. Each GMRS transmitter for 
base station (except small base), mobile relay station or fixed station 
operation must be maintained within a frequency tolerance of 2.5 parts-
per-million.
    (b) R/C.
    (1) Each R/C transmitter that transmits in the 26-27 MHz frequency 
band with a mean transmitter power of 2.5 W or less and that is used 
solely by the operator to turn on and/or off a device at a remote 
location, other than a device used solely to attract attention, must be 
maintained within a frequency tolerance of 100 parts-per-million.
    (2) All other R/C transmitters that transmit in the 26-27 MHz 
frequency band must be maintained within a frequency tolerance of 5 
parts-per-million.
    (3) Except as noted in paragraph (b)(4) of this section, R/C 
transmitters capable of operation in the 72-76 MHz band must be 
maintained within a frequency tolerance of 50 parts-per-million.
    (4) All R/C transmitters capable of operation in the 72-76 MHz band 
that are manufactured in or imported into the United States, on or 
after March 1, 1992, or are marketed on or after March 1, 1993, must be 
maintained within a frequency tolerance of 20 parts-per-million.
    (c) CB. Each CB transmitter must be maintained within a frequency 
tolerance of 50 parts-per-million.
    (d) FRS. Each FRS transmitter must be maintained within a frequency 
tolerance of 2.5 parts-per-million.
    (e) LPRS. LPRS transmitters operating on standard band (25 kHz) 
channels or extra band (50 kHz) channels must be maintained within a 
frequency stability of 50 parts-per-million. LPRS transmitters 
operating on narrowband (5 kHz) channels must be maintained within a 
frequency stability of 1.5 parts-per-million.
    (f) WMTS. Manufacturers of wireless medical telemetry devices are 
responsible for ensuring frequency stability such that an emission is 
maintained within the band of operation under all of the manufacturer's 
specified conditions.
    (g) MURS. Each MURS transmitter must maintain a frequency tolerance 
of 5 parts-per-million, or 2 parts-per-million if designed to operate 
with a 6.25 kHz bandwidth.
    (h) PLB. See Sec.  95.907.

[[Page 47154]]

Sec.  95.39  Bandwidth limitations.

    (a) Authorized bandwidths (except as noted below). The authorized 
bandwidth (maximum permissible bandwidth of a transmission) for 
emission type H1D, J1D, R1D, H3E, J3E or R3E is 4 kHz. The authorized 
bandwidth for emission type A1D or A3E is 8 kHz. The authorized 
bandwidth for emission type F1D, G1D, F3E or G3E is 20 kHz.
    (b) R/C bandwidths. The authorized bandwidth for any emission type 
transmitted by an R/C transmitter is 8 kHz.
    (c) FRS bandwidths. The authorized bandwidth for emission type F3E 
or F2D transmitted by a FRS unit is 12.25 kHz. Additional bandwidths 
for FRS are listed in paragraph (a) of this section.
    (d) LPRS bandwidths:
    (1) The authorized bandwidth for narrowband frequencies is 4 kHz 
and the channel bandwidth is 5 kHz.
    (2) The channel bandwidth for standard band frequencies is 25 kHz.
    (3) The channel bandwidth for extra band frequencies is 50 kHz.
    (4) AMTS stations may use the 216.750-217.000 MHz band as a single 
250 kHz channel so long as the signal is attenuated as specified in 
Sec.  95.41.
    (e) MURS bandwidths:
    (1) Emissions on frequencies 151.820 MHz, 151.880 MHz, and 151.940 
MHz are limited to 11.25 kHz.
    (2) Emissions on frequencies 154.570 and 154.600 MHz are limited to 
20.0 kHz.
    (3) Provided, however, that all A3E emissions are limited to 8 kHz.
    (f) DSRCS-OBUs are governed under subpart L of this part.


Sec.  95.41  Unwanted emissions.

    The requirements in this section apply to each transmitter both 
with and without the connection of permitted attachments, such as an 
external speaker, microphone, power cord and/or antenna.
    (a) Emission masks. Emission masks applicable to transmitting 
equipment in the Personal Radio Services are defined by the 
requirements in the following table. The numbers in the attenuation 
requirements column refer to rule paragraph numbers under paragraph (b) 
of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                               Emission types
 Radio service (conditions)        filter      Attenuation  requirements
------------------------------------------------------------------------
GMRS........................  A1D, A3E, F1D,   (1), (3), (7)
                               G1D, F3E, G3E
                               With audio
                               filter.
GMRS........................  A1D, A3E, F1D,   (5), (6), (7)
                               G1D, F3E, G3E
                               without audio
                               filter.
GMRS........................  H1D, J1D, R1D,   (2), (4), (7)
                               H3E, J3E, R3E.
FRS.........................  F2D, F3E with    (1), (3), (7)
                               filter.
R/C (27 MHz)................  Any permitted    (1), (3), (7)
                               emission.
R/C (72-76 MHz).............  Any permitted    (1), (10), (11), (12)
                               emission.
CB..........................  A1D, A3E.......  (1), (3), (8), (9)
CB..........................  H1D, J1D, R1D,   (2), (4), (8), (9)
                               H3E, J3E, R3E.
MURS (151.820, 151.880,       Any permitted    (21), (22)
 151.940 MHz).                 emission type.
MURS (154.570 & 154.600 MHz)  Any permitted    (1), (3), (7)
                               emission type,
                               with filter.
MURS (154.570 & 154.600 MHz)  Any permitted    (5), (23), (7)
                               emission type,
                               without filter.
LPRS (narrow 5 kHz).........  Any permitted    (13), (14)
                               emission type.
LPRS (standard 25 kHz)......  Any permitted    (15), (16)
                               emission type.
LPRS (extra 50 kHz).........  Any permitted    (17), (18)
                               emission type.
LPRS (AMTS 250 kHz).........  Any permitted    (19), (20)
                               emission type.
MedRadio (402-405 MHz)......  Any permitted    (24), (25)
                               emission type.
MedRadio (401-402 MHz and     Any permitted    (26), (27)
 405-406 MHz).                 emission type.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note 1: Filtering noted for GMRS and FRS transmitters refers to the
  requirement in Sec.   95.43.
Note 2: Unwanted emission power may be measured as either mean power or
  peak envelope power, provided that the transmitter output power is
  measured the same way.
Note 3: Compliance with the attenuation requirements in paragraphs
  (b)(24) through (b)(27) of this section is based on the use of
  measurement instrumentation employing a peak detector function with an
  instrument resolution bandwidth approximately equal to 1.0 percent of
  the emission bandwidth of the device under measurement.

    (b) Attenuation requirements. The power of unwanted emissions must 
be attenuated below the transmitter output power in Watts (P) by at 
least:
    (1) 25 dB (decibels) on any frequency removed from the center of 
the authorized bandwidth by more than 50% up to and including 100% of 
the authorized bandwidth.
    (2) 25 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the 
authorized bandwidth by more than 50% up to and including 150% of the 
authorized bandwidth.
    (3) 35 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the 
authorized bandwidth by more than 100% up to and including 250% of the 
authorized bandwidth.
    (4) 35 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the 
authorized bandwidth by more than 150% up to and including 250% of the 
authorized bandwidth.
    (5) 83 log (fd/5) dB on any frequency removed from the 
center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency 
(fd in kHz) of more than 5 kHz up to and including 10 kHz.
    (6) 116 log (fd/6.1) dB, or if less, 50 + 10 log (P) dB, 
on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized bandwidth by 
a displacement frequency (fd in kHz), of more than 10 kHz up 
to and including 250% of the authorized bandwidth.
    (7) 43 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the center of 
the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.
    (8) 53 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the center of 
the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.
    (9) 60 dB on any frequency twice or greater than twice the 
fundamental frequency.
    (10) 45 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the 
authorized bandwidth by more than 100% up to and including 125% of the 
authorized bandwidth.
    (11) 55 dB on any frequency removed from the center of the 
authorized bandwidth by more than 125% up to and including 250% of the 
authorized bandwidth.
    (12) 56 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the center of 
the authorized bandwidth by more than 250%.
    (13) 30 + 20(fd-2) dB, or 55 + 10 log (P) dB, or 65 dB, 
whichever is least, on any frequency removed from the center

[[Page 47155]]

of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd 
in kHz) of more than 2 kHz up to and including 3.75 kHz.
    (14) 55 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the center of 
the authorized bandwidth by more than 3.75 kHz.
    (15) 30 dB on any frequency removed from the channel center 
frequency by 12.5 kHz to 22.5 kHz.
    (16) 43 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the channel 
center frequency by more than 22.5 kHz.
    (17) 30 dB on any frequency removed from the channel center 
frequency by 25 kHz to 35 kHz.
    (18) 43 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the channel 
center frequency by more than 35 kHz.
    (19) 30 dB on any frequency removed from the channel center 
frequency by 125 kHz to 135 kHz.
    (20) 43 + 10 log (P) dB on any frequency removed from the channel 
center frequency by more than 135 kHz.
    (21) 7.27(fd-2.88 kHz) dB on any frequency removed from 
the center of the authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency 
(fd in kHz) of more than 5.625 kHz but no more than 12.5 
kHz.
    (22) 50 + 10 log (P) dB or 70 dB, whichever is the lesser 
attenuation, on any frequency removed from the center of the authorized 
bandwidth by more than 12.5 kHz.
    (23) 29 log (fd\2\ / 11) dB or 50 dB, whichever is the 
lesser attenuation on any frequency removed from the center of the 
authorized bandwidth by a displacement frequency (fd in kHz) 
of more than 10 kHz, but not more than 250 percent of the authorized 
bandwidth.
    (24) 20 dB, on any frequency within the 402-405 MHz MedRadio band 
that is more than 150 kHz away from the center frequency of the 
spectrum the transmission is intended to occupy.
    (25) 20 dB, on any frequency between 401.750 MHz and 402.000 MHz, 
and on any frequency between 405 MHz and 405.250 MHz.
    (26) 20 dB, on any frequency within the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz 
MedRadio bands that is more than 50 kHz away from the center frequency 
of the spectrum the transmission is intended to occupy.
    (27) 20 dB, on any frequency between 400.900 MHz and 401.000 MHz, 
and on any frequency between 406.000 MHz and 406.100 MHz.
    (c) Field strength limits for the WMTS. The following field 
strength limits apply to WMTS transmitters.
    (1) For WMTS transmitters, unwanted emissions on frequencies below 
960 MHz are limited to 200 [mu]V/m, measured at a distance of 3 meters 
using measuring instrumentation with a CISPR quasi-peak detector.
    (2) For WMTS transmitters, unwanted emissions on frequencies above 
960 MHz are limited to 500 [mu]V/m, measured at a distance of 3 meters 
using measuring equipment with an averaging detector and a 1 MHz 
measurement bandwidth.
    (d) Field strength limits for the MedRadio service. The field 
strength limits in the table in this paragraph apply to medical device 
transmitters, subject to the provisions in paragraphs (d)(1) through 
(d)(4) of this section.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                Field
              Frequency (MHz)                  strength     Measurement
                                              ([mu]V/m)    distance (m)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
30-88......................................          100               3
88-216.....................................          150               3
216-960....................................          200               3
960 and above..............................          500               3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: At band edges, the tighter limit applies.

    (1) For medical device transmitters operating in the 402-405 MHz 
MedRadio band, emissions on frequencies below 401.750 MHz or above 
405.250 MHz must not exceed the field strength limits in the table in 
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (2) For medical device transmitters operating in the 401-402 MHz or 
405-406 MHz MedRadio bands, emissions on frequencies below 400.900 MHz 
or above 406.000 MHz must not exceed the field strength limits in the 
table in paragraph (d) of this section.
    (3) Compliance with the field strength limits shown in the table in 
paragraph (d) of this section is based on the use of measurement 
instrumentation employing a CISPR quasi-peak detector, except that, for 
emissions on frequencies above 1 GHz, compliance is based on the use of 
measurement instrumentation employing an average detector. For 
measurements of emissions on frequencies above 1 GHz, a minimum 
resolution bandwidth of 1 MHz must be used.
    (4) The emissions from a medical device transmitter must be 
measured to at least the tenth harmonic of the highest fundamental 
frequency designed to be emitted by the transmitter.
    (e) Harmful interference. If harmonic or other spurious emissions 
result in harmful interference, the FCC may require appropriate 
technical changes in the station equipment to alleviate the 
interference, including the use of a low pass filter between the 
transmitter antenna terminals and the antenna feed line.


Sec.  95.43  Modulation standards.

    (a) A GMRS transmitter that transmits emission types F1D, G1D, or 
G3E must not exceed a peak frequency deviation of plus or minus 5 kHz. 
A GMRS transmitter that transmits emission type F3E must not exceed a 
peak frequency deviation of plus or minus 5 kHz. A FRS unit that 
transmits emission type F3E must not exceed a peak frequency deviation 
of plus or minus 2.5 kHz, and the audio frequency response must not 
exceed 3.125 kHz.
    (b) Each GMRS transmitter, except a mobile station transmitter with 
a power output of 2.5 W or less, must automatically prevent a greater 
than normal audio level from causing overmodulation. The transmitter 
also must include audio frequency low pass filtering, unless it 
complies with the applicable paragraphs of Sec.  95.41 (without 
filtering). The filter must be between the modulation limiter and the 
modulated stage of the transmitter. At any frequency (f in kHz) between 
3 and 20 kHz, the filter must have an attenuation of at least 60 
log10 (f/3) dB greater than the attenuation at 1 kHz. Above 
20 kHz, it must have an attenuation of at least 50 dB greater than the 
attenuation at 1 kHz.
    (c) When emission type A3E is transmitted, the modulation must be 
greater than 85% but must not exceed 100%. Simultaneous amplitude 
modulation and frequency or phase modulation of a transmitter are not 
permitted.
    (d) When emission type A3E is transmitted by a CB transmitter 
having a transmitter output power of greater than 2.5 W, the CB 
transmitter must automatically prevent the modulation from exceeding 
100%.
    (e) Each CB transmitter that transmits emission type H3E, J3E or 
R3E must be capable of transmitting the upper sideband. The capability 
of also transmitting the lower sideband is permitted.
    (f) DSRCS-OBUs are governed under subpart L of this part.


Sec.  95.45  Antenna limits.

    (a) GMRS.
    (1) Certain antenna structures used in a GMRS system and that are 
more than 60.96 m (200 ft) in height, or are located near or at a 
public-use airport, must be notified to the FAA and registered with the 
Commission as required by part 17 of this chapter.
    (2) The antenna for a small base or control station must not be 
more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) above the ground or

[[Page 47156]]

above the building or tree on which it is mounted. Each base station 
and each control station with an antenna height greater than 6.1 meters 
(20 feet) must be separately identified on Form 605.
    (3) Any GMRS station licensed after [EFFECTIVE DATE OF THE FINAL 
RULE] and located north of Line A or east of Line C must have an 
antenna no more than 20 feet above ground or above the building or tree 
on which it is mounted.
    (4) The antenna of handheld portable GRMS units must be an integral 
part of the transmitter. The antenna must have no gain (as compared to 
a half-wave dipole) and must be vertically polarized.
    (b) R/C.
    (1) The antenna of each R/C station transmitting in the 72-76 MHz 
band must be an integral part of the transmitter. The antenna must have 
no gain (as compared to a half-wave dipole) and must be vertically 
polarized.
    (2) For 27 MHz operation, if your antenna is mounted on a hand-held 
portable unit, none of the following limitations in paragraph (3) of 
this section apply.
    (3) For 27 MHz operation, if your antenna is installed at a fixed 
location, it (whether receiving, transmitting or both) then the highest 
point must not be more than 6.10 meters (20 feet) higher than the 
highest point of the building or tree on which it is mounted; or 18.3 
meters (60 feet) above the ground.
    (4) If your R/C station is located near an airport, and if your 
antenna structure is more than 6.10 meters (20 feet) high, you may have 
to obey additional restrictions. The highest point of your antenna must 
not exceed one meter above the airport elevation for every hundred 
meters of distance from the nearest point of the nearest airport 
runway. Differences in ground elevation between your antenna and the 
airport runway may complicate this formula. If your R/C station is near 
an airport, you may contact the nearest FCC field office for a 
worksheet to help you figure the maximum allowable height of your 
antenna. Consult part 17 of the Commission's rules for more 
information.
    (c) CB.
    (1) If your antenna is mounted on a hand-held portable unit, none 
of the limitations in paragraph (c)(2) of this section apply.
    (2) If your antenna is installed at a fixed location, it (whether 
receiving, transmitting or both), then the highest point must not be 
more than 6.10 meters (20 feet) higher than the highest point of the 
building or tree on which it is mounted or 18.3 meters (60 feet) above 
the ground.
    (3) If your CB station is located near an airport, and if your 
antenna structure is more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) high, you may have 
to obey additional restrictions. The highest point of your antenna must 
not exceed one meter above the airport elevation for every hundred 
meters of distance from the nearest point of the nearest airport 
runway. Differences in ground elevation between your antenna and the 
airport runway may complicate this formula. If your CB station is near 
an airport, you may contact the nearest FCC field office for a 
worksheet to help you figure the maximum allowable height of your 
antenna. Consult part 17 of the Commission's rules for more 
information.
    (d) FRS. The antenna of each FRS transmitter band must be an 
integral part of the transmitter. The antenna must have no gain (as 
compared to a half-wave dipole) and must be vertically polarized.
    (e) LPRS:
    (1) AMTS stations must employ directional antennas.
    (2) Antennas used with LPRS units must comply with the following:
    (i) For LPRS units operating entirely within an enclosed structure, 
e.g., a building, there is no limit on antenna height;
    (ii) For LPRS units not operating entirely within an enclosed 
structure, the tip of the antenna shall not exceed 30.5 meters (100 
feet) above ground. In cases where harmful interference occurs the FCC 
may require that the antenna height be reduced; and
    (iii) The height limitation in paragraph (e)(2) of this section 
does not apply to LPRS units in which the antenna is an integral part 
of the unit.
    (f) MURS. The highest point of any MURS antenna must not be more 
than 18.3 meters (60 feet) above the ground or 6.10 meters (20 feet) 
above the highest point of the structure on which it is mounted.


Sec.  95.47  Telephone interconnection.

    (a) Excepted as noted in paragraph (b) of this section, no station 
in the Personal Radio Services may be interconnected with the public 
switched network.
    (b) Interconnection Defined. Connection through automatic or manual 
means of radio stations with the facilities of the public switched 
telephone network to permit the transmission of messages or signals 
between points in the wireline or radio network of a public telephone 
company and persons served by radio stations. Wireline or radio 
circuits or links furnished by common carriers, which are used by 
licensees or other authorized persons for transmitter control 
(including dial-up transmitter control circuits) or as an integral part 
of an authorized, private, internal system of communication or as an 
integral part of dispatch point circuits in a radio station are not 
considered to be interconnection for purposes of this rule part.


Sec.  95.49  RF safety.

    Portable devices as defined in Sec.  2.1093(b) of this chapter 
operating in the General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS), the Wireless 
Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) and the Medical Device 
Radiocommunication Service (MedRadio) part 95 subparts C, H and I of 
this chapter are subject to radio frequency radiation exposure 
requirements as specified in Sec. Sec.  1.1307(b) and 2.1093 of this 
chapter. Applications for equipment authorization for these devices 
must contain a statement confirming compliance with these requirements. 
Technical information showing the basis for this statement must be 
submitted to the Commission upon request.

Subpart C--General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS)


Sec.  95.101  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for GMRS. General 
and technical information pertaining to this service is contained in 
subparts A and B of this part.


Sec.  95.103  Channels available.

    (a) GMRS channels listed below in this section are available to 
GMRS licensees only on a shared basis and will not be assigned for the 
exclusive use of any licensee. All GMRS licensees must cooperate in the 
selection and use of channels, including limiting communications to the 
minimum practical time, to reduce interference and to make the most 
effective use of the facilities.

[[Page 47157]]



----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                   Center                                        Center
          Channel No.            frequency      Station class    Channel No.   frequency       Station class
                                   (MHz)                                         (MHz)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1.............................     462.5500  Base or mobile....           16     467.5500  Mobile.\1\
2.............................     462.5625  Sm Base or mobile            17  ...........  .....................
                                              \2\.
3.............................     462.5750  Base or mobile....           18     467.5750  Mobile.\1\
4.............................     462.5875  Sm Base or mobile            19
                                              \2\.
5.............................     462.6000  Base or mobile....           20     467.6000  Mobile.\1\
6.............................     462.6125  Sm Base or mobile            21
                                              \2\.
7.............................     462.6250  Base or mobile....           22     467.6250  Mobile.\1\
8.............................     462.6375  Sm Base or mobile            23
                                              \2\.
9.............................     462.6500  Base or mobile....           24     467.6500  Mobile.\1\
10............................     462.6625  Sm Base or mobile            25
                                              \2\.
11............................     462.6750  Base or mobile....           26     467.6750  Mobile \1\
12............................     462.6875  Sm Base or mobile            27
                                              \2\.
13............................     462.7000  Base or mobile....           28     467.7000  Mobile.\1\
14............................     462.7125  Sm Base or mobile            29
                                              \2\.
15............................     462.7250  Base or mobile....           30     467.7250  Mobile.\1\
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ These channels may be used for fixed stations for controlling a repeater station.
\2\ Except for a GMRS system licensed to a non-individual, a mobile station or a small base station operating in
  the simplex mode may transmit on these channels only under the following conditions:
(a) Only voice type emissions may be transmitted;
(b) The station does not transmit one-way pages; and
(c) The station transmits with no more than 5 watts output power.

    (b) Operators of GMRS systems suffering or causing harmful 
interference are expected to cooperate and resolve this problem by 
mutually satisfactory arrangements. If the operators are unable to do 
so, the FCC may impose restrictions including specifying the 
transmitter power, antenna height, or area or hours of operation of the 
stations concerned. Further, the use of any frequency at a given 
geographical location may be denied when, in the judgment of the FCC, 
its use in that location is not in the public interest; the use of any 
channel or channel pair may be restricted as to specified geographical 
areas, maximum power, or other operating conditions.


Sec.  95.105  Permissible communications.

    (a) You may use your GMRS station only to transmit two-way plain 
language voice communications concerning personal or business 
activities. Two-way plain language communications are communications 
without codes or coded messages. Operating signals such as ``ten 
codes'' are not considered codes or coded messages.
    (b) One way paging is not permitted.
    (c) Continuous or uninterrupted transmissions, except for 
communications involving the immediate safety of life or property, are 
prohibited.
    (d) GMRS units may transmit digital data containing location 
information, or requesting location information from one or more other 
units within that service, or containing a brief text message to 
another specific unit. Digital data transmissions must be initiated by 
a manual action or command of a user, except that a GMRS unit receiving 
an interrogation request may automatically respond with its location. 
Digital data transmissions shall not exceed one second, and shall be 
limited to no more than one digital transmission within a thirty-second 
period, except that a unit may automatically respond to more than one 
interrogation request received within a thirty-second period.

Subpart D--Radio Control (R/C) Radio Service


Sec.  95.201  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for the R/C 
Service. General and technical information pertaining to this service 
is contained in subparts A and B of this part.


Sec.  95.203  Channels available.

    (a) Your R/C station may transmit only on the following channels 
(frequencies):
    (1) The following channels may be used to operate any kind of 
device (any object or apparatus, except an R/C transmitter), including 
a model aircraft device (any small imitation of an aircraft) or a model 
surface craft device (any small imitation of a boat, car or vehicle for 
carrying people or objects, except aircraft): 26.995, 27.045, 27.095, 
27.145, 27.195 and 27.255 MHz.
    (2) The following channels may only be used to operate a model 
aircraft device:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Frequency     Ch     Frequency     Ch     Frequency     Ch     Frequency     Ch     Frequency
                        Ch  No.                             (MHz)       No.      (MHz)       No.      (MHz)       No.      (MHz)       No.      (MHz)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1......................................................        72.01      11        72.21      21        72.41      31        72.61      41        72.81
2......................................................        72.03      12        72.23      22        72.43      32        72.63      42        72.83
3......................................................        72.05      13        72.25      23        72.45      33        72.65      43        72.85
4......................................................        72.07      14        72.27      24        72.47      34        72.67      44        72.87
5......................................................        72.09      15        72.29      25        72.49      35        72.69      45        72.89
6......................................................        72.11      16        72.31      26        72.51      36        72.71      46        72.91
7......................................................        72.13      17        72.33      27        72.53      37        72.73      47        72.93
8......................................................        72.15      18        72.35      28        72.55      38        72.75      48        72.95
9......................................................        72.17      19        72.37      29        72.57      39        72.77      49        72.97
10.....................................................        72.19      20        72.39      30        72.59      40        72.79      50        72.99
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


[[Page 47158]]

     (3) The following channels may only be used to operate model 
surface craft devices:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                          Frequency     Ch     Frequency     Ch     Frequency     Ch     Frequency     Ch     Frequency
                        Ch  No.                             (MHz)       No.      (MHz)       No.      (MHz)       No.      (MHz)       No.      (MHz)
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
51.....................................................        75.41      57        75.53      63        75.65      69        75.77      75        75.89
52.....................................................        75.43      58        75.55      64        75.67      70        75.79      76        75.91
53.....................................................        75.45      59        75.57      65        75.69      71        75.81      77        75.93
54.....................................................        75.47      60        75.59      66        75.71      72        75.83      78        75.95
55.....................................................        75.49      61        75.61      67        75.73      73        75.85      79        75.97
56.....................................................        75.51      62        75.63      68        75.75      74        75.87      80        75.99
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) R/C channels are available only on a shared basis and will not 
be assigned for the exclusive use of any user. All R/C users must 
cooperate in the selection and use of channels, including limiting 
communications to the minimum practical time, to reduce interference 
and to make the most effective use of the facilities.
    (c) Your R/C station may not transmit simultaneously on more than 
one channel in the 72-76 MHz band when your operation would cause 
harmful interference to the operation of other R/C stations.
    (d) Your R/C station must stop transmitting if it interferes with:
    (1) Authorized radio operations in the 72-76 MHz band; or
    (2) Television reception on TV Channels 4 or 5.
    (e) Stations in the 26-27 MHz range are not afforded any protection 
from interference caused by the operation of industrial, scientific or 
medical devices. Such stations also operate on a shared basis with 
other stations in the Personal Radio Services.
    (f) Stations in the 72-76 MHz range are subject to the condition 
that interference will not be caused to the remote control of 
industrial equipment operating on the same or adjacent frequencies. 
These frequencies are not afforded any protection from interference due 
to the operation of fixed and mobile stations in other services 
assigned to the same or adjacent frequencies.


Sec.  95.207  Permissible communications.

    (a) You may only use your R/C station to transmit one-way 
communications. (One-way communications are transmissions which are not 
intended to establish communications with another station.)
    (b) You may only use your R/C station for the following purposes:
    (1) The operator turns on and/or off a device at a remote location; 
or
    (2) A sensor at a remote location turns on and/off an indicating 
device for the operator. Only frequencies 26.995 to 27.255 MHz may be 
used for this purpose. (A remote location means a place distant from 
the operator).
    (c) You must not use a R/C station to transmit data. Tone or other 
signal encoding, however, is not considered to be data when only used 
either for the purpose of identifying the specific device among 
multiple devices that the operator intends to turn on/off, or the 
specific sensor among multiple sensors intended to turn on/off an 
indicating device for the operator.


Sec.  95.209  Special restrictions on the location of R/C stations.

    (a) If your R/C station is located on premises controlled by the 
Department of Defense, you may be required to comply with additional 
regulations imposed by the commanding officer of the installation.
    (b) If your R/C station will be constructed on an environmental 
sensitive site, or will be operated in such a manner as to raise 
environmental problems, under Sec.  1.1307 of this chapter, you must 
provide an environmental assessment, as set forth in Sec.  1.1311 of 
this chapter, and undergo environmental review Sec.  1.1312 of this 
chapter, before commencement of construction.
    (c) Anyone intending to operate an R/C station on the islands of 
Puerto Rico, Desecheo, Mona, Vieques, and Culebra in a manner that 
could pose an interference threat to the Arecibo Observatory shall 
notify the Interference Office, Arecibo Observatory, HC3 Box 53995, 
Arecibo, Puerto Rico 00612, in writing or electronically, of the 
location of the unit. Operators may wish to consult interference 
guidelines, which will be provided by Cornell University. Operators who 
choose to transmit information electronically should e-mail to: 
[email protected].
    (1) The notification to the Interference Office, Arecibo 
Observatory shall be made 45 days prior to commencing operation of the 
unit. The notification shall state the geographical coordinates of the 
unit.
    (2) After receipt of such notifications, the Commission will allow 
the Arecibo Observatory a period of 20 days for comments or objections. 
The operator will be required to make reasonable efforts in order to 
resolve or mitigate any potential interference problem with the Arecibo 
Observatory. If the Commission determines that an operator has 
satisfied its responsibility to make reasonable efforts to protect the 
Observatory from interference, the unit may be allowed to operate.


Sec.  95.211  Operation by remote control.

    (a) You may not operate an R/C transmitter by radio remote control.
    (b) You may operate an R/C transmitter by wireline remote control 
if you obtain specific approval in writing from the FCC. To obtain FCC 
approval, you must show why you need to operate your station by 
wireline remote control. If you receive FCC approval, you must keep the 
approval as part of your station records. See Sec.  95.11.
    (c) Remote control means operation of an R/C transmitter from any 
place other than the location of the R/C transmitter. Direct mechanical 
control or direct electrical control by wire from some point on the 
same premises, craft or vehicles as the R/C transmitter is not 
considered remote control.

Subpart E--Citizens Band (CB) Radio Service


Sec.  95.301  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for the CB Radio 
Service. Other general and technical information and requirements 
pertaining to this service are also contained in subparts A and B of 
this part.


Sec.  95.303  Am I eligible to operate a CB station?

    You are authorized to operate a CB station unless:
    (a) You are a foreign government, a representative of a foreign 
government, or a federal government agency; or
    (b) The FCC has issued a cease and desist order to you, and the 
order is still in effect.

[[Page 47159]]

Sec.  95.305  Are there any special restrictions on the location of my 
CB station?

    (a) If your CB station is located on premises controlled by the 
Department of Defense you may be required to comply with additional 
regulations imposed by the commanding officer of the installation.
    (b) If your C/B station will be constructed on an environmentally 
sensitive site, or will be operated in such a manner as to raise 
environmental problems, under Sec.  1.1307 of this chapter, you must 
provide an environmental assessment, as set forth in Sec.  1.1311 of 
this chapter, and undergo the environmental review, Sec.  1.1312 of 
this chapter, before commencement of construction.


Sec.  95.307  On what channels may I operate?

    (a) Your CB station may transmit only on the following channels 
(frequencies):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Frequency
                        Channel No.                             (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1..........................................................       26.965
2..........................................................       26.975
3..........................................................       26.985
4..........................................................       27.005
5..........................................................       27.015
6..........................................................       27.025
7..........................................................       27.035
8..........................................................       27.055
9..........................................................   \1\ 27.065
10.........................................................       27.075
11.........................................................       27.085
12.........................................................       27.105
13.........................................................       27.115
14.........................................................       27.125
15.........................................................       27.135
16.........................................................       27.155
17.........................................................       27.165
18.........................................................       27.175
19.........................................................       27.185
20.........................................................       27.205
21.........................................................       27.215
22.........................................................       27.225
23.........................................................       27.255
24.........................................................       27.235
25.........................................................       27.245
26.........................................................       27.265
27.........................................................       27.275
28.........................................................       27.285
29.........................................................       27.295
30.........................................................       27.305
31.........................................................       27.315
32.........................................................       27.325
33.........................................................       27.335
34.........................................................       27.345
35.........................................................       27.355
36.........................................................       27.365
37.........................................................       27.375
38.........................................................       27.385
39.........................................................       27.395
40.........................................................       27.405
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ See paragraph (c) of this section.

    (b) CB channels are available only on a shared basis and will not 
be assigned for the exclusive use of any user. All CB users must 
cooperate in the selection and use of channels, including limiting 
communications to the minimum practical time, to reduce interference 
and to make the most effective use of the facilities.
    (c) Channel 9 may be used only for emergency communications or for 
traveler assistance.
    (d) You may use any channel for emergency communications or for 
traveler assistance.


Sec.  95.309  Do I have any antenna limitations?

    (a) If your antenna is mounted on a hand-held portable unit, none 
of the following limitations apply.
    (b) If your antenna (whether receiving, transmitting or both) is 
installed at a fixed location, at its highest point, it must not be 
more than 6.10 meters (20 feet) higher than the highest point of the 
building or tree on which it is mounted; or at its highest point, it 
must not be higher than 18.3 meters (60 feet) above the ground.
    (c) If your CB station is located near an airport, and if your 
antenna structure is more than 6.1 meters (20 feet) high, you may have 
to obey additional restrictions. The highest point of your antenna must 
not exceed one meter above the airport elevation for every hundred 
meters of distance from the nearest point of the nearest airport 
runway. Differences in ground elevation between your antenna and the 
airport runway may complicate this formula. If your CB station is near 
an airport, you may contact the nearest FCC field office for a 
worksheet to help you figure the maximum allowable height of your 
antenna. Consult part 17 of the Commission's rules for more 
information.


Sec.  95.311  What equipment may I use at my CB station?

    (a) You must use an FCC certificated CB transmitter at your CB 
station. You can identify an FCC certificated transmitter by the 
certification label placed on it by the manufacturer. You may examine a 
list of certificated equipment at any FCC Field Office or at FCC 
Headquarters. Use of a transmitter which is not FCC certificated voids 
your authority to operate the station.
    (b) You must not make, or have made, any modifications to a 
certificated CB transmitter that changes or affects the technical 
operation of that transmitter, including any modification to provide 
for additional transmitting frequencies, increased modulation level, a 
different form of modulation, or increased transmitter output power 
(either mean power or peak envelope power or both). Any internal 
modification to a certificated CB transmitter cancels the 
certification, and use of such a transmitter voids your authority to 
operate the station.


Sec.  95.313  May I use power amplifiers?

    (a) You may not attach the following items (power amplifiers) to 
your certificated CB transmitter in any way:
    (1) External radio frequency (RF) power amplifiers (sometimes 
called linears or linear amplifiers); or
    (2) Any other devices which, when used with a radio transmitter as 
a signal source, are capable of amplifying the signal.
    (b) There are no exceptions to this rule and use of a power 
amplifier voids your authority to operate the station.
    (c) The FCC will presume you have used a linear or other external 
RF power amplifier if--
    (1) It is in your possession or on your premises; and
    (2) There is other evidence that you have operated your CB station 
with more power than allowed.
    (d) Paragraph (c) of this section does not apply if you hold a 
license in another radio service which allows you to operate an 
external RF power amplifier.


Sec.  95.315  What communications may be transmitted?

    (a) You may use your CB station to transmit two-way plain language 
communications. Two-way plain language communications are 
communications without codes or coded messages. Operating signals such 
as ``ten codes'' are not considered codes or coded messages. You may 
transmit two-way plain language communications only to other CB 
stations, to units of your own CB station or to authorized government 
stations on CB frequencies.
    (b) You must not use a CB station to communicate with stations in 
other countries, except General Radio Service stations in Canada.
    (c) You may use your CB station to transmit one-way communications 
(messages which are not intended to establish communications between 
two or more particular CB stations) only for emergency communications, 
traveler assistance, brief tests (radio checks) or voice paging.
    (d) You may use your CB station to transmit a tone signal only when 
the signal is used to make contact or to continue communications. 
(Examples of circuits using these signals are tone operated squelch and 
selective calling circuits.) If the signal is an audible tone, it must 
last no longer than 15 seconds at one time. If the signal is a 
subaudible

[[Page 47160]]

tone, it may be transmitted continuously only as long as you are 
talking.


Sec.  95.317  What communications are prohibited?

    (a) You must not use a CB station--
    (1) In connection with any activity which is against federal, state 
or local law;
    (2) To transmit obscene, indecent or profane words, language or 
meaning;
    (3) To interfere intentionally with the communications of another 
CB station;
    (4) To transmit one-way communications, except for emergency 
communications, traveler assistance, brief tests (radio checks), or 
voice paging;
    (5) To advertise or solicit the sale of any goods or services;
    (6) To transmit music, whistling, sound effects or any material to 
amuse or entertain;
    (7) To transmit any sound effect solely to attract attention;
    (8) To transmit the word ``MAYDAY'' or any other international 
distress signal, except when your station is located in a ship, 
aircraft or other vehicle which is threatened by grave and imminent 
danger and you are requesting immediate assistance;
    (9) To communicate with, or attempt to communicate with, any CB 
station more than 250 kilometers (155.3 miles) away;
    (10) To advertise a political candidate or political campaign; (you 
may use your CB radio for the business or organizational aspects of a 
campaign, if you follow all other applicable rules);
    (11) To communicate with stations in other countries, except 
General Radio Service stations in Canada; or
    (12) To transmit a false or deceptive communication.
    (b) You must not use a CB station to transmit communications for 
live or delayed rebroadcast on a radio or television broadcast station. 
You may use your CB station to gather news items or to prepare 
programs.


Sec.  95.319  May I be paid to use my CB station?

    (a) You may not accept direct or indirect payment for transmitting 
with a CB station.
    (b) You may use a CB station to help you provide a service, and be 
paid for that service, as long as you are paid only for the service and 
not for the actual use of the CB station.


Sec.  95.321  Do I have to limit the length of my communications?

    (a) You must limit your CB communications to the minimum practical 
time.
    (b) If you are communicating with another CB station or stations, 
you, and the stations communicating with you, must limit each of your 
conversations to no more than five continuous minutes.
    (c) At the end of your conversation, you, and the stations 
communicating with you, must not transmit again for at least one 
minute.


Sec.  95.323  How do I use my CB station in an emergency or to assist a 
traveler?

    (a) You must at all times and on all channels, give priority to 
emergency communications.
    (b) You may use your CB station for communications necessary to 
assist a traveler to reach a destination or to receive necessary 
services.
    (c) You may use your CB station to transmit one-way communications 
concerning highway conditions to assist travelers.


Sec.  95.325  May I operate my CB station transmitter by remote 
control?

    (a) You may not operate a CB station transmitter by radio remote 
control. The use of a hands-free wireless microphone authorized under 
part 15 of this chapter to operate a part 95 transmitter in the 
immediate vicinity is not considered operation by radio remote control 
for the purposes of this section.
    (b) You may operate a CB transmitter by wireline remote control if 
you obtain specific approval in writing from the FCC. To obtain FCC 
approval, you must show why you need to operate your station by 
wireline remote control. If you receive FCC approval, you must keep the 
approval as part of your station records.
    (c) Remote control means operation of a transmitter from any place 
other than the location of the transmitter. Direct mechanical control 
or direct electrical control by wire from some point on the same 
premises, craft or vehicle as the transmitter is not considered remote 
control.


Sec.  95.327  May I connect my CB station transmitter to a telephone?

    (a) You may connect your CB station transmitter to a telephone if 
you comply with all of the following:
    (1) You or someone else must be present at your CB station and 
must--
    (i) Manually make the connection (the connection must not be made 
by remote control);
    (ii) Supervise the operation of the transmitter during the 
connection;
    (iii) Listen to each communication during the connection; and
    (iv) Stop all communications if there are operations in violation 
of the Commission's rules.
    (2) Each communication during the telephone connection must comply 
with all of the Commission's rules.
    (3) You must obey any restriction that the telephone company places 
on the connection of a CB transmitter to a telephone.
    (b) The CB transmitter you connect to a telephone must not be 
shared with any other CB station.
    (c) If you connect your CB transmitter to a telephone, you must use 
a phone patch device which has been registered with the FCC.

Subpart F--Family Radio Service (FRS)


Sec.  95.401  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for the FRS. 
General and technical information pertaining to this service is 
contained in subparts A and B.


Sec.  95.403  Channels available.

    (a) The FRS unit channel frequencies are:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Frequency
                        Channel No.                             (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1..........................................................     462.5625
2..........................................................     462.5875
3..........................................................     462.6125
4..........................................................     462.6375
5..........................................................     462.6625
6..........................................................     462.6875
7..........................................................     462.7125
8..........................................................     467.5625
9..........................................................     467.5875
10.........................................................     467.6125
11.........................................................     467.6375
12.........................................................     467.6625
13.........................................................     467.6875
14.........................................................     467.7125
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (b) FRS channels are available only on a shared basis and will not 
be assigned for the exclusive use of any user. All FRS users must 
cooperate in the selection and use of channels, including limiting 
communications to the minimum practical time, to reduce interference 
and to make the most effective use of the facilities.


Sec.  95.405  Permissible communications.

    You may use an FRS unit to conduct two-way voice communications 
with another person. You may use the FRS unit to transmit one-way 
communications only to establish communications with another person, 
send an emergency message, provide traveler assistance, provide 
location information, transmit a brief text message, make a voice page, 
or to conduct a brief test.

Subpart G--Low Power Radio Service (LPRS)


Sec.  95.501  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for the LPRS. 
General and

[[Page 47161]]

technical information pertaining to this service is contained in 
subparts A and B of this part.


Sec.  95.503  Channels available.

    (a) LPRS transmitters may operate on any frequency listed in 
paragraphs (b), (c), and (d) of this section. Channels 19, 20, 50, and 
151-160 are available exclusively for law enforcement tracking 
purposes. AMTS transmissions are limited to the 216.750-217.000 MHz 
band for low power point-to-point network control communications by 
AMTS coast stations. Other AMTS transmissions in the 216-217 MHz band 
are prohibited.
    (b) The following table indicates standard band frequencies (the 
channel bandwidth is 25 kHz):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Channel No.                     Center frequency (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1........................................  216.0125
2........................................  216.0375
3........................................  216.0625
4........................................  216.0875
5........................................  216.1125
6........................................  216.1375
7........................................  216.1625
8........................................  216.1875
9........................................  216.2125
10.......................................  216.2375
11.......................................  216.2625
12.......................................  216.2875
13.......................................  216.3125
14.......................................  216.3375
15.......................................  216.3625
16.......................................  216.3875
17.......................................  216.4125
18.......................................  216.4375
19.......................................  216.4625
20.......................................  216.4875
21.......................................  216.5125
22.......................................  216.5375
23.......................................  216.5625
24.......................................  216.5875
25.......................................  216.6125
26.......................................  216.6375
27.......................................  216.6625
28.......................................  216.6875
29.......................................  216.7125
30.......................................  216.7375
31.......................................  216.7625
32.......................................  216.7875
33.......................................  216.8125
34.......................................  216.8375
35.......................................  216.8625
36.......................................  216.8875
37.......................................  216.9125
38.......................................  216.9375
39.......................................  216.9625
40.......................................  216.9875
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (c) The following table indicates extra band frequencies (the 
channel bandwidth is 50 kHz):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Channel No.                     Center frequency (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
41.......................................  216.025
42.......................................  216.075
43.......................................  216.125
44.......................................  216.175
45.......................................  216.225
46.......................................  216.275
47.......................................  216.325
48.......................................  216.375
49.......................................  216.425
50.......................................  216.475
51.......................................  216.525
52.......................................  216.575
53.......................................  216.625
54.......................................  216.675
55.......................................  216.725
56.......................................  216.775
57.......................................  216.825
58.......................................  216.875
59.......................................  216.925
60.......................................  216.975
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (d) The following table indicates narrowband frequencies (the 
channel bandwidth is 5 kHz and the authorized bandwidth is 4 kHz):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Center
                       Channel No.                           frequency
                                                               (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
61......................................................        216.0025
62......................................................        216.0075
63......................................................        216.0125
64......................................................        216.0175
65......................................................        216.0225
66......................................................        216.0275
67......................................................        216.0325
68......................................................        216.0375
69......................................................        216.0425
70......................................................        216.0475
71......................................................        216.0525
72......................................................        216.0575
73......................................................        216.0625
74......................................................        216.0675
75......................................................        216.0725
76......................................................        216.0775
77......................................................        216.0825
78......................................................        216.0875
79......................................................        216.0925
80......................................................        216.0975
81......................................................        216.1025
82......................................................        216.1075
83......................................................        216.1125
84......................................................        216.1175
85......................................................        216.1225
86......................................................        216.1275
87......................................................        216.1325
88......................................................        216.1375
89......................................................        216.1425
90......................................................        216.1475
91......................................................        216.1525
92......................................................        216.1575
93......................................................        216.1625
94......................................................        216.1675
95......................................................        216.1725
96......................................................        216.1775
97......................................................        216.1825
98......................................................        216.1875
99......................................................        216.1925
100.....................................................        216.1975
101.....................................................        216.2025
102.....................................................        216.2075
103.....................................................        216.2125
104.....................................................        216.2175
105.....................................................        216.2225
106.....................................................        216.2275
107.....................................................        216.2325
108.....................................................        216.2375
109.....................................................        216.2425
110.....................................................        216.2475
111.....................................................        216.2525
112.....................................................        216.2575
113.....................................................        216.2625
114.....................................................        216.2675
115.....................................................        216.2725
116.....................................................        216.2775
117.....................................................        216.2825
118.....................................................        216.2875
119.....................................................        216.2925
120.....................................................        216.2975
121.....................................................        216.3025
122.....................................................        216.3075
123.....................................................        216.3125
124.....................................................        216.3175
125.....................................................        216.3225
126.....................................................        216.3275
127.....................................................        216.3325
128.....................................................        216.3375
129.....................................................        216.3425
130.....................................................        216.3475
131.....................................................        216.3525
132.....................................................        216.3575
133.....................................................        216.3625
134.....................................................        216.3675
135.....................................................        216.3725
136.....................................................        216.3775
137.....................................................        216.3825
138.....................................................        216.3875
139.....................................................        216.3925
140.....................................................        216.3975
141.....................................................        216.4025
142.....................................................        216.4075
143.....................................................        216.4125
144.....................................................        216.4175
145.....................................................        216.4225
146.....................................................        216.4275
147.....................................................        216.4325
148.....................................................        216.4375
149.....................................................        216.4425
150.....................................................        216.4475
151.....................................................        216.4525
152.....................................................        216.4575
153.....................................................        216.4625
154.....................................................        216.4675
155.....................................................        216.4725
156.....................................................        216.4775
157.....................................................        216.4825
158.....................................................        216.4875
159.....................................................        216.4925
160.....................................................        216.4975
161.....................................................        216.5025
162.....................................................        216.5075
163.....................................................        216.5125
164.....................................................        216.5175
165.....................................................        216.5225
166.....................................................        216.5275
167.....................................................        216.5325
168.....................................................        216.5375
169.....................................................        216.5425
170.....................................................        216.5475
171.....................................................        216.5525
172.....................................................        216.5575
173.....................................................        216.5625
174.....................................................        216.5675
175.....................................................        216.5725

[[Page 47162]]

 
176.....................................................        216.5775
177.....................................................        216.5825
178.....................................................        216.5875
179.....................................................        216.5925
180.....................................................        216.5975
181.....................................................        216.6025
182.....................................................        216.6075
183.....................................................        216.6125
184.....................................................        216.6175
185.....................................................        216.6225
186.....................................................        216.6275
187.....................................................        216.6325
188.....................................................        216.6375
189.....................................................        216.6425
190.....................................................        216.6475
191.....................................................        216.6525
192.....................................................        216.6575
193.....................................................        216.6625
194.....................................................        216.6675
195.....................................................        216.6725
196.....................................................        216.6775
197.....................................................        216.6825
198.....................................................        216.6875
199.....................................................        216.6925
200.....................................................        216.6975
201.....................................................        216.7025
202.....................................................        216.7075
203.....................................................        216.7125
204.....................................................        216.7175
205.....................................................        216.7225
206.....................................................        216.7275
207.....................................................        216.7325
208.....................................................        216.7375
209.....................................................        216.7425
210.....................................................        216.7475
211.....................................................        216.7525
212.....................................................        216.7575
213.....................................................        216.7625
214.....................................................        216.7675
215.....................................................        216.7725
216.....................................................        216.7775
217.....................................................        216.7825
218.....................................................        216.7875
219.....................................................        216.7925
220.....................................................        216.7975
221.....................................................        216.8025
222.....................................................        216.8075
223.....................................................        216.8125
224.....................................................        216.8175
225.....................................................        216.8225
226.....................................................        216.8275
227.....................................................        216.8325
228.....................................................        216.8375
229.....................................................        216.8425
230.....................................................        216.8475
231.....................................................        216.8525
232.....................................................        216.8575
233.....................................................        216.8625
234.....................................................        216.8675
235.....................................................        216.8725
236.....................................................        216.8775
237.....................................................        216.8825
238.....................................................        216.8875
239.....................................................        216.8925
240.....................................................        216.8975
241.....................................................        216.9025
242.....................................................        216.9075
243.....................................................        216.9125
244.....................................................        216.9175
245.....................................................        216.9225
246.....................................................        216.9275
247.....................................................        216.9325
248.....................................................        216.9375
249.....................................................        216.9425
250.....................................................        216.9475
251.....................................................        216.9525
252.....................................................        216.9575
253.....................................................        216.9625
254.....................................................        216.9675
255.....................................................        216.9725
256.....................................................        216.9775
257.....................................................        216.9825
258.....................................................        216.9875
259.....................................................        216.9925
260.....................................................        216.9975
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (e) LPRS channels are available only on a shared basis and will 
not be assigned for the exclusive use of any user. All LPRS users must 
cooperate in the selection and use of channels, including limiting 
communications to the minimum practical time, to reduce interference 
and to make the most effective use of the facilities.
    (f) Operation is subject to the conditions that no harmful 
interference is caused to the United States Air Force Space 
Surveillance system (operating in the band 216.88-217.08 MHz) or to TV 
reception within the Grade B contour of any TV Channel 13 station or 
within the 68 dB[mu]V/m predicted contour of any low power TV or TV 
translator station operating on Channel 13.


Sec.  95.505  Permissible communications.

    (a) LPRS stations may transmit voice, data, or tracking signals as 
permitted in this section. Two-way voice communications are prohibited.
    (b) Auditory assistance communications (including but not limited 
to applications such as assistive listening devices, audio description 
for the blind, and simultaneous language translation) for:
    (1) Persons with disabilities. In the context of the LPRS, the term 
``disability'' has the meaning given to it by section 3(2)(A) of the 
Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 2102(2)(A)), i.e., 
persons with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits 
one or more of the major life activities of such individuals;
    (2) Persons who require language translation; or
    (3) Persons who may otherwise benefit from auditory assistance 
communications in educational settings.
    (c) Health care related communications for the ill.
    (d) Law enforcement tracking signals (for homing or interrogation) 
including the tracking of persons or stolen goods under authority or 
agreement with a law enforcement agency (federal, state, or local) 
having jurisdiction in the area where the transmitters are placed.
    (e) AMTS point-to-point network control communications.


Sec.  95.507  Notification requirement.

    Prior to operating a LPRS transmitter for AMTS purposes, an AMTS 
licensee must notify, in writing, each television station that may be 
affected by such operations, as defined in Sec.  80.215(h) of this 
chapter. The notification provided with the station's license 
application is sufficient to satisfy this requirement if no new 
television stations would be affected.


Sec.  95.509  Marketing limitations.

    Transmitters intended for operation in the LPRS may be marketed and 
sold only for those uses described in Sec.  95.505(a) through (d).

Subpart H--Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS)


Sec.  95.601  Scope.

    This subpart sets out the regulations governing the operation of 
Wireless Medical Telemetry Devices in the 608-614 MHz, 1395-1400 MHz 
and 1427-1429.5 MHz frequency bands.


Sec.  95.603  Channels available.

    (a) WMTS transmitters may operate on any channel within frequency 
bands 608-614 MHz, 1395-1400 MHz, and 1427-1432 MHz, as specified in 
paragraph (b) of this section.
    (b) In the 608-614 MHz band, wireless medical telemetry devices 
utilizing broadband technologies such as spread spectrum shall be 
capable of operating within one or more of the following channels of 
1.5 MHz each, up to a maximum of 6 MHz, and shall operate on the 
minimum number of channels necessary to avoid harmful interference to 
any other wireless medical telemetry devices.

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            Channel number                     Channel bandwidth
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1....................................  608.0-609.5 MHz
2....................................  609.5-611.0 MHz
3....................................  611.0-612.5 MHz
4....................................  612.5-614.0 MHz
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (c) WMTS channels are available only on a shared basis and will 
not be assigned for the exclusive use of any user. All WMTS users must 
cooperate in the selection and use of channels, including limiting 
communications to the minimum practical time, to reduce interference 
and to make the most effective use of the facilities.
    (d) Operations in the 608-614 MHz band (television Channel 37) are 
not protected from adjacent band

[[Page 47163]]

interference from broadcast television operating on Channels 36 and 38.


Sec.  95.605  Permissible communications.

    (a) All types of communications except voice and video are 
permitted, on both a unidirectional and bidirectional basis, provided 
that all such communications are related to the provision of medical 
care. Waveforms such as electrocardiograms (ECGs) are not considered 
video.
    (b) Operations that comply with the requirements of this part may 
be conducted under manual or automatic control, and on a continuous 
basis.


Sec.  95.607  Frequency coordination.

    (a) Prior to operation, authorized health care providers who desire 
to use wireless medical telemetry devices must register all devices 
with a designated frequency coordinator. The registration must include 
the following information:
    (1) Specific frequencies or frequency range(s) used;
    (2) Modulation scheme used (including occupied bandwidth);
    (3) Effective radiated power;
    (4) Number of transmitters in use at the health care facility as of 
the date of registration including manufacturer name(s) and model 
numbers;
    (5) Legal name of the authorized health care provider;
    (6) Location of transmitter (coordinates, street address, 
building); and
    (7) Point of contact for the authorized health care provider (name, 
title, office, phone number, fax number, e-mail address).
    (b) An authorized health care provider shall notify the frequency 
coordinator whenever a medical telemetry device is permanently taken 
out of service, unless the device is replaced with another transmitter 
utilizing the same technical characteristics as those reported on the 
effective registration. An authorized health care provider shall 
maintain the information contained in each registration current in all 
material respects, and shall notify the frequency coordinator when any 
change is made in the location or operating parameters previously 
reported which is material.


Sec.  95.609  Frequency coordinator.

    (a) The Commission's frequency coordinator(s) to manage the usage 
of the frequency bands for the operation of medical telemetry devices 
is (are):
    John T. Collins, Director of Engineering and Compliance, American 
Hospital Association, One North Franklin, Chicago, IL 60606, P: 312-
422-3805, F: 312-422-4571, E: [email protected].
    Updated information on the Commission's frequency coordinator can 
be found at: http://wireless.fcc.gov/services/index.htm?job=licensing_1&id=wireless_medical_telemetry
    (b) The frequency coordinator shall:
    (1) Review and process coordination requests submitted by 
authorized health care providers as required in Sec.  95.609;
    (2) Maintain a database of WMTS use;
    (3) Notify users of potential conflicts;
    (4) Coordinate WMTS operation with radio astronomy observatories 
and Federal Government radar systems as specified in Sec. Sec.  95.613 
and 95.615.
    (5) Notify licensees--who are operating in accordance with Sec.  
90.259(b) of this chapter--of the need to comply with the field 
strength limit of Sec.  90.259(b)(11) of this chapter prior to initial 
activation of WMTS equipment in the 1427-1432 MHz band.
    (6) Notify licensees--who are operating in 1392-1395 MHz band in 
accordance with part 27, subpart I of this chapter--of the need to 
comply with the field strength limit of Sec.  27.804 of this chapter 
prior to initial activation of WMTS equipment in the 1395-1400 MHz 
band.


Sec.  95.611  Special requirements for operating in the 608-614 MHz 
band.

    For a wireless medical telemetry device operating within the 
frequency range 608-614 MHz and that will be located near the radio 
astronomy observatories listed below, operation is not permitted until 
a WMTS frequency coordinator specified in Sec.  95.609 has coordinated 
with, and obtained the written concurrence of, the director of the 
affected radio astronomy observatory before the equipment can be 
installed or operated.
    (a) Within 80 kilometers of:
    (1) National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, Arecibo, Puerto Rico: 
18[deg]-20[min]-38.28[sec] North Latitude, 66[deg]-45[min]-09.42[sec] 
West Longitude;
    (2) National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Socorro, New Mexico: 
34[deg]-04[min]-43[sec] North Latitude, 107[deg]-37[min]-04[sec] West 
Longitude; or
    (3) National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Green Bank, West 
Virginia: 38[deg]-26[min]-08[sec] North Latitude, 79[deg]-49[min]-
42[sec] West Longitude.
    (b) Within 32 kilometers of the National Radio Astronomy 
Observatory centered on:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                    Latitude   Longitude
       Very long  baseline  array  stations         (north)     (west)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pie Town, NM.....................................   34[deg]-   108[deg]-
                                                     18[min]     07[min]
Kitt Peak, AZ....................................   31[deg]-   111[deg]-
                                                     57[min]     37[min]
Los Alamos, NM...................................   35[deg]-   106[deg]-
                                                     47[min]     15[min]
Fort Davis, TX...................................   30[deg]-   103[deg]-
                                                     38[min]     57[min]
North Liberty, IA................................   41[deg]-    91[deg]-
                                                     46[min]     34[min]
Brewster, WA.....................................   48[deg]-   119[deg]-
                                                     08[min]     41[min]
Owens Valley, CA.................................   37[deg]-   118[deg]-
                                                     14[min]     17[min]
Saint Croix, VI..................................   17[deg]-    64[deg]-
                                                     46[min]     35[min]
Mauna Kea, HI....................................   19[deg]-   155[deg]-
                                                     49[min]     28[min]
Hancock, NH......................................   42[deg]-    71[deg]-
                                                     56[min]     59[min]
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The National Science Foundation point of contact for coordination 
is: Spectrum Manager, Division of Astronomical Sciences, NSF Room 1045, 
4201 Wilson Blvd., Arlington, VA 22230, telephone: 703-306-1823.


Sec.  95.613  Specific requirements for wireless medical telemetry 
devices operating in the 1395-1400 and 1427-1429.5 MHz bands.

    Due to the critical nature of communications transmitted under this 
part, the frequency coordinator in consultation with the National 
Telecommunications and Information Administration shall determine 
whether there are any Federal Government systems whose operations could 
affect, or could be affected by, proposed wireless medical telemetry 
operations in the 1395-1400 MHz and 1427-1429.5 MHz bands. The 
locations of government systems in these bands are specified in 
footnotes US351 and US352 of Sec.  2.106 of this chapter.


Sec.  95.615  Protection of medical equipment.

    The manufacturers, installers and users of WMTS equipment are 
cautioned that the operation of this equipment could result in harmful 
interference to other nearby medical devices.

Subpart I--Medical Device Radio Communications Service (MedRadio)


Sec.  95.701  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for the MedRadio. 
General information pertaining to this service is contained in subpart 
A of this part.


Sec.  95.703  Permissible communications.

    (a) Except for the purposes of testing and for demonstrations to 
health care professionals, MedRadio programmer/control transmitters may 
transmit only non-voice data containing operational, diagnostic and 
therapeutic information associated with a medical implant device or 
medical body-worn device that has been implanted or placed on the 
person by or under the direction of a duly authorized health care 
professional.

[[Page 47164]]

    (b) Except in response to a medical implant event, or except as 
provided in Sec.  95.715(b)(3), in the 402-405 MHz band no medical 
implant transmitter shall transmit except in response to a transmission 
from a medical implant programmer/control transmitter or in response to 
a non-radio frequency actuation signal generated by a device external 
to the body in which the medical implant transmitter is implanted or is 
to be implanted.
    (c) MedRadio programmer/control transmitters may be interconnected 
with other telecommunications systems including the public switched 
telephone network.
    (d) For the purpose of facilitating MedRadio system operation 
during a MedRadio communications session, as defined in Sec.  95.3, 
MedRadio transmitters may transmit in accordance with the provisions of 
Sec.  95.715(a) for no more than 5 seconds without the communications 
of data; MedRadio transmitters may transmit in accordance with the 
provisions of Sec.  95.715(b)(3) for no more than 3.6 seconds in total 
within a one hour time period without the communications of data; 
MedRadio transmitters may transmit in accordance with the provisions of 
Sec.  95.715(b)(2) for no more than 360 milliseconds in total within a 
one hour time period without the communications of data.
    (e) MedRadio programmer/control transmitters may not be used to 
relay information to a receiver that is not included with a medical 
implant or medical body-worn device. Wireless retransmission of 
information intended to be transmitted by a MedRadio programmer/control 
transmitter or information received from a medical implant or medical 
body-worn transmitter shall be performed using other radio services 
that operate in spectrum outside of the MedRadio band.


Sec.  95.705  Channel use policy.

    (a) The channels authorized for MedRadio operation by this part of 
the Commission's rules are available on a shared basis only and will 
not be assigned for the exclusive use of any entity.
    (b) To reduce interference and make the most effective use of the 
authorized facilities, MedRadio transmitters must share the spectrum in 
accordance with Sec.  95.715.
    (c) MedRadio operation is subject to the condition that no harmful 
interference is caused to stations operating in the 400.150-406.000 MHz 
band in the Meteorological Aids, Meteorological Satellite, or Earth 
Exploration Satellite Services. MedRadio stations must accept any 
interference from stations operating in the 400.150-406.000 MHz band in 
the Meteorological Aids, Meteorological Satellite, or Earth Exploration 
Satellite Services. MedRadio devices should take the necessary steps to 
prevent the disruption of time sensitive medical communication sessions 
that could result from interference caused by the federal systems 
operating in the band.


Sec.  95.707  Disclosure polices.

    Manufacturers of MedRadio transmitters must include with each 
transmitting device the following statement:
    ``This transmitter is authorized by rule under the Medical Device 
Radiocommunication Service (in part 95 of the Commission's rules) and 
must not cause harmful interference to stations operating in the 
400.150-406.000 MHz band in the Meteorological Aids (i.e., transmitters 
and receivers used to communicate weather data), the Meteorological 
Satellite, or the Earth Exploration Satellite Services and must accept 
interference that may be caused by such stations, including 
interference that may cause undesired operation. This transmitter shall 
be used only in accordance with the Commission's rules governing the 
Medical Device Radiocommunication Service. Analog and digital voice 
communications are prohibited. Although this transmitter has been 
approved by the Federal Communications Commission, there is no 
guarantee that it will not receive interference or that any particular 
transmission from this transmitter will be free from interference.''


Sec.  95.709  Labeling requirements.

    (a) MedRadio programmer/control transmitters shall be labeled as 
provided in part 2 of this chapter and shall bear the following 
statement in a conspicuous location on the device:
    ``This device may not interfere with stations operating in the 
400.150-406.000 MHz band in the Meteorological Aids, Meteorological 
Satellite, and Earth Exploration Satellite Services and must accept any 
interference received, including interference that may cause undesired 
operation.''
    The statement may be placed in the instruction manual for the 
transmitter where it is not feasible to place the statement on the 
device.
    (b) Where a MedRadio programmer/control transmitter is constructed 
in two or more sections connected by wire and marketed together, the 
statement specified in this section is required to be affixed only to 
the main control unit.
    (c) MedRadio transmitters shall be identified with a serial number. 
The FCC ID number associated with a medical implant transmitter and the 
information required by Sec.  2.925 of this chapter may be placed in 
the instruction manual for the transmitter and on the shipping 
container for the transmitter, in lieu of being placed directly on the 
transmitter.


Sec.  95.711  Marketing limitations.

    Transmitters intended for operation in the MedRadio Service may be 
marketed and sold only for the permissible communications described in 
Sec.  95.703.


Sec.  95.713  Certification procedures.

    Any entity may request certification for its transmitter when the 
transmitter is used in the GMRS, FRS, R/C, CB, 218-219 MHz Service, 
LPRS, MURS, or MedRadio Service following the procedures in part 2 of 
this chapter. Dedicated Short-Range Communications Service On-Board 
Units (DSRCS-OBUs) must be certified in accordance with subpart L of 
this part and part 2, subpart J of this chapter.


Sec.  95.715  MedRadio transmitters.

    (a) Frequency monitoring. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of 
this section, all MedRadio programmer/control transmitters operating in 
the 401-406 MHz band must operate under the control of a monitoring 
system that incorporates a mechanism for monitoring the channel or 
channels that the MedRadio system devices intend to occupy. The 
monitoring system antenna shall be the antenna normally used by the 
programmer/control transmitter for a communications session. Before the 
monitoring system of a MedRadio programmer/control transmitter 
initiates a MedRadio communications session, the following access 
criteria must be met:
    (1) The monitoring system bandwidth measured at its 20 dB down 
points must be equal to or greater than the emission bandwidth of the 
intended transmission.
    (2) Within 5 seconds prior to initiating a communications session, 
circuitry associated with a MedRadio programmer/control transmitter 
must monitor the channel or channels the system devices intend to 
occupy for a minimum of 10 milliseconds per channel.
    (3) Based on use of an isotropic monitoring system antenna, the 
monitoring threshold power level must not be more than 10logB(Hz)-150 
(dBm/Hz) + G(dBi), where B is the emission bandwidth of the MedRadio 
communications session transmitter

[[Page 47165]]

having the widest emission and G is the MedRadio programmer/control 
transmitter monitoring system antenna gain relative to an isotropic 
antenna. For purposes of showing compliance with the above provision, 
the above calculated threshold power level must be increased or 
decreased by an amount equal to the monitoring system antenna gain 
above or below the gain of an isotropic antenna, respectively.
    (4) If no signal in a MedRadio channel above the monitoring 
threshold power level is detected, the MedRadio programmer/control 
transmitter may initiate a MedRadio communications session involving 
transmissions to and from a medical implant or medical body-worn device 
on that channel. The MedRadio communications session may continue as 
long as any silent period between consecutive data transmission bursts 
does not exceed 5 seconds. If a channel meeting the criteria in 
paragraph (a)(3) of this section is unavailable, the channel with the 
lowest ambient power level may be accessed.
    (5) When a channel is selected prior to a MedRadio communications 
session, it is permissible to select an alternate channel for use if 
communications are interrupted, provided that the alternate channel 
selected is the next best choice using the above criteria. The 
alternate channel may be accessed in the event a communications session 
is interrupted by interference. The following criteria must be met:
    (i) Before transmitting on the alternate channel, the channel must 
be monitored for a period of at least 10 milliseconds.
    (ii) The detected power level during this 10 milliseconds or 
greater monitoring period must be no higher than 6 dB above the power 
level detected when the channel was chosen as the alternate channel.
    (iii) In the event that this alternate channel provision is not 
used by the MedRadio system or if the criteria in paragraph (5)(i) and 
(5)(ii) of this section above are not met, a channel must be selected 
using the access criteria specified in paragraphs (a)(1) through (a)(4) 
of this section.
    (6) As used in this section, the following definitions apply:
    (i) Emission bandwidth--Measured as the width of the signal between 
the points on either side of carrier center frequency that are 20 dB 
down relative to the maximum level of the modulated carrier. Compliance 
will be determined using instrumentation employing a peak detector 
function and a resolution bandwidth approximately equal to 1% of the 
emission bandwidth of the device under test.
    (ii) MedRadio channel--Any continuous segment of spectrum in the 
MedRadio band that is equal to the emission bandwidth of the device 
with the largest bandwidth that is to participate in a MedRadio 
communications session.

     Note: The rules do not specify a channeling scheme for use by 
MedRadio systems.

    )(iii) MedRadio communications session--A collection of 
transmissions that may or may not be continuous between MedRadio system 
devices.
    (b) Exceptions to frequency monitoring criteria. MedRadio devices 
or communications sessions that meet any one of the following criteria 
are not required to use the access criteria set forth in paragraph (a) 
of this section:
    (1) MedRadio communications sessions initiated by a medical implant 
event.
    (2) MedRadio devices operating in either the 401-401.85 MHz or 405-
406 MHz bands, provided that the transmit power is not greater than 250 
nanowatts EIRP and the duty cycle for such transmissions does not 
exceed 0.1%, based on the total transmission time during a one-hour 
interval.
    (3) MedRadio devices operating in the 401.85-402 MHz band, provided 
that the transmit power is not greater than 25 microwatts EIRP and the 
duty cycle for such transmissions does not exceed 0.1%, based on the 
total transmission time during a one-hour interval.
    (4) MedRadio devices operating with a total emission bandwidth not 
exceeding 300 kHz centered at 403.65 MHz, provided that the transmit 
power is not greater than 100 nanowatts EIRP and the duty cycle for 
such transmissions does not exceed 0.01%, based on the total 
transmission time during a one-hour interval.
    (c) Operating frequency. MedRadio stations authorized under this 
part may operate on frequencies in the 401-406 MHz band as follows 
provided that the out-of-band emissions are attenuated in accordance 
with Sec.  95.723:
    (1) MedRadio stations associated with medical implant devices, 
which incorporate a frequency monitoring system as set forth in 
paragraph (a) of this section, may operate on any of the frequencies in 
the 401-406 MHz band,
    (2) MedRadio stations associated with medical implant devices, 
which do not incorporate a frequency monitoring system as set forth in 
paragraph (a) of this section, may operate on any frequency in 401-402 
MHz or 405-406 MHz bands, or at 403.65 MHz in the 402-405 MHz band.
    (3) MedRadio stations associated with medical body-worn devices, 
regardless of whether a frequency monitoring system as set forth in 
paragraph (a) this section is employed, may operate on any of the 
frequencies in the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands.
    (4) MedRadio stations that are used externally to evaluate the 
efficacy of a more permanent medical implant device, regardless of 
whether a frequency monitoring system as set forth in paragraph (a) of 
this section is employed, may operate on any of the frequencies in the 
402-405 MHz band, provided that:
    (i) Such external body-worn operation is limited solely to 
evaluating with a patient the efficacy of a fully implanted permanent 
medical device that is intended to replace the temporary body-worn 
device;
    (ii) RF transmissions from the external device must cease following 
the patient evaluation period, which may not exceed 30 days, except 
where a health care practitioner determines that additional time is 
necessary due to unforeseen circumstances;
    (iii) The maximum output power of the temporary body-worn device 
shall not exceed 200 nW EIRP; and
    (iv) The temporary body-worn device must comply fully with all 
other MedRadio rules applicable to medical implant device operation in 
the 402-405 MHz band.
    (d) Authorized bandwidth. The authorized bandwidth of the emission 
from a MedRadio station operating between 402-405 MHz shall not exceed 
300 kHz, and no communications session involving MedRadio stations 
shall use more than a total of 300 kHz of bandwidth during such a 
session. The authorized bandwidth of the emission from a MedRadio 
station operating between 401-401.85 MHz or 405-406 MHz shall not 
exceed 100 kHz, and no communications session involving MedRadio 
stations shall use more than a total of 100 kHz of bandwidth during 
such a session. The authorized bandwidth of the emission from a 
MedRadio station operating between 401.85-402 MHz shall not exceed 150 
kHz, and no communications session involving MedRadio stations shall 
use more than a total of 150 kHz of bandwidth during such a session. 
This provision does not preclude full duplex or half duplex 
communications provided that the total amount of bandwidth utilized by 
all of the MedRadio channels employed in such a MedRadio communications 
session does not exceed 300 kHz in the 402-405 MHz band, or 100 kHz in 
the 401-402 MHz and 405-406 MHz bands.
    (e) Frequency stability. Each transmitter in the MedRadio service

[[Page 47166]]

must maintain a frequency stability of 100 ppm of the 
operating frequency over the range:
    (1) 25 [deg]C to 45 [deg]C in the case of medical implant 
transmitters; and
    (2) 0[deg]C to 55[deg]C in the case of MedRadio programmer/control 
transmitters and MedRadio body-worn transmitters.
    (f) Shared access. The provisions of this section shall not be used 
to extend the range of spectrum occupied over space or time for the 
purpose of denying fair access to spectrum for other MedRadio systems.
    (g) Measurement procedures.
    (1) MedRadio transmitters shall be tested for frequency stability, 
radiated emissions and EIRP limit compliance in accordance with 
paragraphs (g)(2) and (g)(3) of this section.
    (2) Frequency stability testing shall be performed over the 
temperature range set forth in paragraph (e) of this section.
    (3) Radiated emissions and EIRP limit measurements limit may be 
determined by measuring the radiated field from the equipment under 
test at 3 meters and calculating the EIRP. The equivalent radiated 
field strength at 3 meters for 25 microwatts, 250 nanowatts, and 100 
nanowatts EIRP is 18.2, 1.8, or 1.2 mV/meter, respectively, when 
measured on an open area test site; or 9.1, 0.9, or 0.6 mV/meter, 
respectively, when measured on a test site equivalent to free space 
such as a fully anechoic test chamber. Power measurements for 
transmissions by stations authorized under this section may be made 
either in accordance with a Commission-approved peak power technique, 
or the following. Peak transmit power must be measured over any 
interval of continuous transmission using instrumentation calibrated in 
terms of an rms-equivalent voltage. The measurement results shall be 
properly adjusted for any instrument limitations, such as detector 
response times, limited resolution bandwidth capability when compared 
to the emission bandwidth, sensitivity, etc., so as to obtain a true 
peak measurement for the emission in question over the full bandwidth 
of the channel.
    (i) For a transmitter intended to be implanted in a human body, 
radiated emissions and EIRP measurements for transmissions by stations 
authorized under this section may be made in accordance with a 
Commission-approved human body simulator and test technique. A formula 
for a suitable tissue substitute material is defined in OET Bulletin 65 
Supplement C (01-01).
    (ii) For a transmitter intended to be body-worn, and for 
programmer/control transmitters, use standard ANSI C63.4 test setup and 
test method.


Sec.  95.717  Maximum transmitter power.

    In the MedRadio Service for transmitters that are not excepted 
under Sec.  95.715(b) from the frequency monitoring requirements of 
Sec.  95.715(a), the maximum radiated power in any 300 kHz bandwidth by 
MedRadio transmitters operating at 402-405 MHz, or in any 100 kHz 
bandwidth by MedRadio transmitters operating at 401-402 MHz or 405-406 
MHz shall not exceed 25 microwatts EIRP. For transmitters that are 
excepted under Sec.  95.715(b) from the frequency monitoring 
requirements of Sec.  95.715(a), the power radiated by any station 
operating in 402-405 MHz shall not exceed 100 nanowatts EIRP confined 
to a maximum total emission bandwidth of 300 kHz centered at 403.65 
MHz. For transmitters that are excepted under Sec.  95.715(b) from the 
frequency monitoring requirements of Sec.  95.715(a), the power 
radiated by any station operating in 401-401.85 MHz or 405-406 MHz 
shall not exceed 250 nanowatts EIRP in any 100 kHz bandwidth and in 
401.85-402 MHz shall not exceed 25 microwatts in the 150 kHz bandwidth. 
See Sec.  95.721(a). The antenna associated with any MedRadio 
transmitter must be supplied with the transmitter and shall be 
considered part of the transmitter subject to equipment authorization. 
Compliance with these EIRP limits may be determined as set forth in 
Sec.  95.715(g).


Sec.  95.719  Emission types.

    A MedRadio station may transmit any emission type appropriate for 
communications in this service. Voice communications, however, are 
prohibited.


Sec.  95.721  Emission bandwidth.

    (a) For MedRadio Service stations operating in 402-405 MHz, the 
maximum authorized emission bandwidth is 300 kHz. For stations 
operating in 401-401.85 MHz or 405-406 MHz, the maximum authorized 
emission bandwidth is 100 kHz, and for stations operating in 401.85-402 
MHz, the maximum authorized emission bandwidth is 150 kHz.
    (b) Lesser emission bandwidths may be employed, provided that the 
unwanted emissions are attenuated as provided in Sec.  95.723. See 
Sec. Sec.  95.715(g) and 95.717 regarding maximum transmitter power and 
measurement procedures.


Sec.  95.723  Unwanted radiation.

    (a) In addition to the procedures in part 2 of this chapter, the 
following requirements apply to each transmitter both with and without 
the connection of all attachments acceptable for use with the 
transmitter, such as an external speaker, power cord, antenna, etc.
    (b) For transmitters designed to operate in the MedRadio service, 
emissions shall be attenuated in accordance with the following 
(paragraphs (b)(1) through (b)(5) of this section pertain to MedRadio 
transmitters operating in the 402-405 MHz band; paragraphs (b)(6) 
through (b)(10) of this section pertain to MedRadio transmitters 
operating in the 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands):
    (1) Emissions from a MedRadio transmitter more than 250 kHz outside 
of the 402-405 MHz band shall be attenuated to a level no greater than 
the following field strength limits:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Field strength      Measurement
          Frequency (MHz)               ([mu]V/m)         distance (m)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
30-88.............................                100                  3
88-216............................                150                  3
216-960...........................                200                  3
960 and above.....................                500                  3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: At band edges, the tighter limit applies.

     (2) The emission limits shown in the above table are based on 
measurements employing a CISPR quasi-peak detector except that above 1 
GHz, the limit is based on measurements employing an average detector. 
Measurements above 1 GHz shall be performed using a minimum resolution 
bandwidth of 1 MHz. See also Sec.  95.713.
    (3) The emissions from a MedRadio transmitter must be measured to 
at least the tenth harmonic of the highest fundamental frequency 
designed to be emitted by the transmitter.

[[Page 47167]]

    (4) Emissions within the 402-405 MHz band more than 150 kHz away 
from the center frequency of the spectrum the transmission is intended 
to occupy will be attenuated below the transmitter output power by at 
least 20 dB. Compliance with this limit is based on the use of 
measurement instrumentation employing a peak detector function with an 
instrument resolution bandwidth approximately equal to 1.0 percent of 
the emission bandwidth of the device under measurement.
    (5) Emissions 250 kHz or less that are above and below the 402-405 
MHz band will be attenuated below the maximum permitted output power by 
at least 20 dB. Compliance with this limit is based on the use of 
measurement instrumentation employing a peak detector function with an 
instrument resolution bandwidth approximately equal to 1.0 percent of 
the emission bandwidth of the device under measurement.
    (6) Emissions from medical device transmitters operating in the 
401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz bands at more than 100 kHz outside of the 
MedRadio bands (401-406 MHz) and all emissions in the band 406.000-
406.100 MHz shall be attenuated to a level no greater than the 
following field strength limits:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                      Field strength      Measurement
          Frequency (MHz)               ([mu]V/m)         distance (m)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
30-88.............................                100                  3
88-216............................                150                  3
216-960...........................                200                  3
960 and above.....................                500                  3
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: At band edges, the tighter limit applies.

     (7) The emission limits shown in paragraph (b)(6) of this section 
are based on measurements employing a CISPR quasi-peak detector except 
that above 1 GHz, the limit is based on measurements employing an 
average detector. Measurements above 1 GHz shall be performed using a 
minimum resolution bandwidth of 1 MHz. See also Sec.  95.713.
    (8) The emissions from a medical device transmitter operating in 
the MedRadio bands (between 401-402 MHz or 405-406 MHz) must be 
measured to at least the tenth harmonic of the highest fundamental 
frequency designed to be emitted by the transmitter.
    (9) Emissions within the MedRadio bands more than 50 kHz away from 
the center frequency of the spectrum the transmission is intended to 
occupy, shall be attenuated below the transmitter output power by at 
least 20 dB except as noted in paragraph (b)(7) of this section. 
Compliance with this limit is based on the use of measurement 
instrumentation employing a peak detector function with an instrument 
resolution bandwidth approximately equal to 1.0 percent of the emission 
bandwidth of the device under measurement.
    (10) Emissions 100 kHz or less below 401 MHz shall be attenuated 
below the maximum permitted output power by at least 20 dB. Compliance 
with this limit is based on the use of measurement instrumentation 
employing a peak detector function with an instrument resolution 
bandwidth approximately equal to 1.0 percent of the emission bandwidth 
of the device under measurement.


Sec.  95.725  Antennas.

    No antenna for a MedRadio transmitter shall be configured for 
permanent outdoor use. In addition, any MedRadio antenna used outdoors 
shall not be affixed to any structure for which the height to the tip 
of the antenna will exceed three (3) meters (9.8 feet) above ground.


Sec.  95.727  RF exposure.

    MedRadio medical implant or medical body-worn transmitters (as 
defined in Sec.  95.3) are subject to the radiofrequency radiation 
exposure requirements specified in Sec. Sec.  1.1307 and 2.1093 of this 
chapter, as appropriate. Applications for equipment authorization of 
implant devices operating under this section must contain a finite 
difference time domain (FDTD) computational modeling report showing 
compliance with these provisions for fundamental emissions. The 
Commission retains the discretion to request the submission of specific 
absorption rate measurement data.

Subpart J--Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS)


Sec.  95.801  Scope.

    This subpart contains the operating requirements for the MURS. 
General and technical information pertaining to this service is 
contained in subparts A and B.


Sec.  95.803  Channels available.

    (a) Channels available:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
               Channel No.                        Frequency (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1........................................  151.820
2........................................  151.880
3........................................  151.940
4........................................  154.570
5........................................  154.600
------------------------------------------------------------------------

     (b) MURS channels are available only on a shared basis and will 
not be assigned for the exclusive use of any user. All MURS users must 
cooperate in the selection and use of channels, including limiting 
communications to the minimum practical time, to reduce interference 
and to make the most effective use of the facilities.


Sec.  95.805  Permissible communications.

    (a) MURS stations may transmit voice, data or image signals as 
permitted in this subpart.
    (b) MURS frequencies may be used for remote control and 
telemetering functions. Stations used to control remote objects or 
devices may be operated on the continuous carrier transmit mode, except 
on frequency 154.600 MHz.
    (c) MURS users shall take reasonable precautions to avoid causing 
harmful interference. This includes monitoring the transmitting 
frequency for communications in progress and such other measures as may 
be necessary to minimize the potential for causing interference.


Sec.  95.807  Repeater operations and signal boosters prohibited.

    MURS stations are prohibited from operating as a repeater station 
or as a signal booster. This prohibition includes store-and-forward 
packet operation.


Sec.  95.809  Grandfathered MURS Stations.

    Stations that were licensed under part 90 of the Commission's rules 
to operate on MURS frequencies as of November 13, 2000, are granted a 
license by rule

[[Page 47168]]

that authorizes continued operations under the terms of such nullified 
part 90 authorizations of this chapter, including any rule waivers.

Subpart K--Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)


Sec.  95.901  Scope.

    This subpart sets out the regulations governing PLBs. PLBs are 
intended to provide individuals in remote areas a means to alert others 
of an emergency situation and to aid search and rescue personnel to 
locate those in distress. General and technical information pertaining 
to this service is contained in subparts A and B.


Sec.  95.903  Channels available.

    PLB transmitters must operate in the 406.0-406.1 MHz band.


Sec.  95.905  Permissible communications.

    Use of PLB frequencies under this part is limited to the 
transmission of distress and safety communications.


Sec.  95.907  Special requirements for 406 MHz PLBs.

    (a) All 406 MHz PLBs must meet all the technical and performance 
standards contained in the Radio Technical Commission for Maritime 
(RTCM) Service document `` RTCM Standard 11010.2 for 406 MHz Satellite 
Personal Locator Beacons (PLBs),'' Version 1.1, RTCM Paper 114-2008-
SC110-STD, dated July 10, 2008. This RTCM document is incorporated by 
reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a), and 1 CFR part 51. Copies 
of the document are available and may be obtained from the Radio 
Technical Commission for Maritime Services, 1800 N. Kent St., Suite 
1060, Arlington, Virginia 22209-2901. The document is available for 
inspection at Commission headquarters at 445 12th Street SW., 
Washington, DC 20554. Copies may also be inspected at the National 
Archives and Records Administration (NARA). For information on the 
availability of this material at NARA, call 202-741-6030, or go to: 
http://www.archives.gov/federal-register/code-of-federal-regulations/ibr-locations.html.
    (b) The 406 MHz PLB must contain, as an integral part, a homing 
beacon operating only on 121.500 MHz and meeting all requirements 
described in the RTCM Recommended Standards document described in 
paragraph (a) of this section. The 121.500 MHz homing beacon must have 
a continuous duty cycle that can be interrupted only during the 
transmission of the 406 MHz signal. The 406 MHz PLB shall transmit a 
unique identifier (Morse code ``P'') on the 121.500 MHz signals.
    (c) Before a 406 MHz PLB certification application is submitted to 
the Commission, the applicant must have obtained certification from a 
test facility, recognized by one of the COSPAS/SARSAT Partners, that 
the PLB satisfies the standards contained in the COSPAS/SARSAT document 
COSPAS/SARSAT 406 MHz Distress Beacon Type Approval Standard (C/S 
T.007). Additionally, an independent test facility must certify that 
the PLB complies with the electrical and environmental standards 
associated with the RTCM Recommended Standards.
    (d) The procedures of Notification by the equipment manufacturer 
and Certification from either the Commission or designated 
Telecommunications Certification Body are contained in part 2, subpart 
J of this chapter.
    (e) An identification code, issued by the National Oceanic and 
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the United States Program Manager 
for the 406 MHz COSPAS/SARSAT satellite system, must be programmed in 
each PLB unit to establish a unique identification for each PLB 
station. With each marketable PLB unit, the manufacturer or grantee 
must include a postage pre-paid registration card printed with the PLB 
identification code addressed to: SARSAT Beacon Registration, NOAA, 
NESDIS, E/SP3, Room 3320, FB-4, 5200 Auth Road, Suitland, Maryland 
20746-4303. The registration card must request the owner's name, 
address, telephone number, alternate emergency contact and include the 
following statement: ``WARNING--failure to register this PLB with NOAA 
could result in a monetary forfeiture order being issued to the 
owner.''
    (f) To enhance protection of life and property, it is mandatory 
that each 406 MHz PLB be registered with NOAA and that information be 
kept up-to-date. In addition to the identification plate or label 
requirements contained in Sec. Sec.  2.925 and 2.926 of this chapter, 
each 406 MHz PLB must be provided on the outside with a clearly 
discernible permanent plate or label containing the following 
statement: ``The owner of this 406 MHz PLB must register the NOAA 
identification code contained on this label with the National Oceanic 
and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) whose address is: SARSAT Beacon 
Registration, NOAA, NESDIS, E/SP3, Room 3320, FB-4, 5200 Auth Road, 
Suitland, Maryland 20746-4303.'' Owners shall advise NOAA in writing 
upon change of PLB ownership, or any other change in registration 
information. NOAA will provide registrants with proof of registration 
and change of registration postcards.
    (g) For 406 MHz PLBs with identification codes that can be changed 
after manufacture, the identification code shown on the plate or label 
must be easily replaceable using commonly available tools.


Sec.  95.909  Marketing limitations.

    No device may be marketed or sold in the United States as a PLB or 
Personal Locator Beacon unless it complies with the requirements of 
subpart K of this part.

Subpart L--Dedicated Short-Range Communications Service On-Board 
Units (DSRCS-OBUs)


Sec.  95.1001  Scope.

    This subpart sets out the regulations governing Dedicated Short-
Range Communications Service On-Board Units (DSRCS-OBUs) in the 5850-
5925 MHz band. DSRCS Roadside Units (RSUs) are authorized under part 90 
of this chapter and DSRCS, RSU, and OBU are defined in Sec.  90.7 of 
this chapter. General information pertaining to this service is also 
contained in subparts A and B of this part.


Sec.  95.1003  ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard.

    On-Board Units operating in the 5850-5925 MHz band shall comply 
with the following technical standards, which are incorporated by 
reference: American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) E2213-03, 
Standard Specification for Telecommunications and Information Exchange 
Between Roadside and Vehicle Systems--5 GHz Band Dedicated Short-range 
Communications (DSRC) Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer 
(PHY) Specifications published September 2003 (ASTM E2213-03 DSRC 
Standard). The Director of the Federal Register approves this 
incorporation by reference in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 552(a) and 1 CFR 
part 51. Copies may be inspected at the Federal Communications 
Commission, 445 12th Street, SW., Washington, DC 20554 or at the Office 
of the Federal Register, 800 North Capital Street, NW., Suite 700, 
Washington, DC 20001. For information on the availability of this 
material at the Office of the Federal Register, call 202 741-6000 or 
send an e-mail to fedreg.info@nara.gov">fedreg.info@nara.gov. Copies of the ASTM E2213-03 
DSRC Standard can be obtained from ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor 
Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959. Copies may also 
be obtained from ASTM via the Internet at http://www.astm.org.

[[Page 47169]]

Sec.  95.1005  Channel designations of frequencies available.

    (a) The following table indicates the channel designations of 
frequencies available for assignment to eligible applicants within the 
5850-5925 MHz band for On-Board Units (OBUs):

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Frequency range
          Channel No.                Channel use            (MHz)
------------------------------------------------------------------------
170............................  Reserved..........  5850-5855
172............................  Service Channel...  5855-5865
174............................  Service Channel...  5865-5875
175............................  Service Channel     5865-5885
                                  [FN1].
176............................  Service Channel...  5875-5885
178............................  Control Channel...  5885-5895
180............................  Service Channel...  5895-5905
181............................  Service Channel     5895-5915
                                  [FN1].
182............................  Service Channel...  5905-5915
184............................  Service Channel...  5915-5925
------------------------------------------------------------------------

    FN1 Channel Nos. 174/176 may be combined to create a twenty 
megahertz channel, designated Channel No. 175. Channels 180/182 may be 
combined to create a twenty megahertz channel designated Channel No. 
181.
    (b) Except as provided in paragraph (c) of this section, non-
reserve DSRCS channels are available on a shared basis only for use in 
accordance with the Commission's rules. All licensees shall cooperate 
in the selection and use of channels in order to reduce interference. 
This includes monitoring for communications in progress and any other 
measures as may be necessary to minimize interference. Licensees 
suffering or causing harmful interference within a communications zone 
are expected to cooperate and resolve this problem by mutually 
satisfactory arrangements. If the licensees are unable to do so, the 
Commission may impose restrictions including specifying the transmitter 
power, antenna height and direction, additional filtering, or area or 
hours of operation of the stations concerned. Further, the use of any 
channel at a given geographical location may be denied when, in the 
judgment of the Commission, its use at that location is not in the 
public interest; the use of any channel may be restricted as to 
specified geographical areas, maximum power, or such other operating 
conditions, contained in this part or in the station authorization.
    (c) Safety/public safety priority. The following access priority 
governs all DSRCS operations:
    (1) Communications involving the safety of life have access 
priority over all other DSRCS communications; and
    (2) Subject to a Control Channel priority system management 
strategy (see ASTM E2213-03 DSRC Standard at section 4.1.1.2(4)) DSRCS 
communications involving public safety have access priority over all 
other DSRC communications not listed in paragraph (c)(1) of this 
section. On-Board Units (OBUs) operated by state or local governmental 
entities are presumptively engaged in public safety priority 
communications.
    (d) Non-priority communications. DSRCS communications not listed in 
paragraph (c) of this section are non-priority communications. If a 
dispute arises concerning non-priority DSRCS-OBU communications with 
Roadside Units (RSUs), the provisions of Sec.  90.377(e) and (f) of 
this chapter will apply. Disputes concerning non-priority DSRCS-OBU 
communications not associated with RSUs are governed by paragraph (b) 
of this section.

[FR Doc. 2010-18116 Filed 8-3-10; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6712-01-P