[Federal Register Volume 68, Number 129 (Monday, July 7, 2003)]
[Rules and Regulations]
[Pages 40427-40464]
From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office [www.gpo.gov]
[FR Doc No: 03-16924]



[[Page 40427]]

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Part III





Environmental Protection Agency





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40 CFR Part 131



Water Quality Standards for Kansas; Final Rule

Federal Register / Vol. 68, No. 129 / Monday, July 7, 2003 / Rules 
and Regulations

[[Page 40428]]


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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

40 CFR Part 131

[FRL-7522-5]
RIN-2040-ZA0C


Water Quality Standards for Kansas

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Final rule.

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SUMMARY: EPA is promulgating a primary contact recreation use 
designation for 1,056 waters, an expected aquatic life use designation 
for one of these waters, and a secondary contact recreation use 
designation for 230 waters in the State of Kansas to replace the use 
designations for those waters that EPA disapproved in 1998. EPA is 
promulgating these final water quality standards for the State of 
Kansas at this time pursuant to a court order requiring the 
Administrator to sign a final rule by June 30, 2003. Once the State of 
Kansas submits the necessary analyses and any corresponding changes to 
its water quality standards for specific waters and EPA approves that 
submission, EPA will initiate a rulemaking to withdraw this regulation 
for those waters.

DATES: This regulation is effective August 6, 2003.

ADDRESSES: The public record for this rulemaking has been established, 
is located at EPA Region 7, Information Resource Center, 901 North 5th 
Street, Kansas City, Kansas 66101, and can be reviewed between 8 a.m. 
and 4:30 p.m. Central Time, Monday through Friday, excluding legal 
holidays. For further information regarding access to the docket 
materials, call (913) 551-7241. You may have to pay a reasonable fee 
for copying.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: For information concerning today's 
final rule, contact Mr. Martin Kessler, Public Affairs Specialist at 
[email protected] or at U.S. EPA Region 7, Office of External 
Programs, 901 North 5th Street, Kansas City, Kansas, 66101 (Telephone: 
913-551-7003).

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: 

Table of Contents

I. Potentially Affected Entities
II. Background
    A. What Are the Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Relevant 
to This Action?
    B. What Actions Have Kansas and EPA Taken Leading to Today's 
Action?
III. What Federal Water Quality Standards Did EPA Propose in July 
2000?
IV. What Federal Water Quality Standards Is EPA Promulgating Today?
    A. Background
    B. EPA's Analysis of Information Received for Specific Stream 
Segments and Lakes
    1. Kansas' December 10, 2002, Submission of Water Quality 
Standards
    2. Use Attainability Analysis Information Provided by the State 
of Kansas to EPA on April 11, 2003
    3. Information Submitted by Commenters in Response to EPA's July 
2000 Proposal and Information Collected by EPA
    C. EPA's Final Use Designation Decisions for Specific Stream 
Segments and Lakes
    D. Effect of Today's Rulemaking on the State's Water Quality 
Programs
V. Economic Analysis
    A. Identifying Affected Facilities
    B. Evaluating Sample Facilities
    C. Method for Estimating Potential Compliance Costs
    D. Results
    E. Total Statewide Costs
    F. Significant Comments on the Economic Analysis for the 
Proposed Rule
VI. Alternative Regulatory Approaches and Implementation Mechanisms
    A. Designating Uses
    B. Site-Specific Criteria
    C. Variances
    D. Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)
VII. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews
    A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review
    B. Paperwork Reduction Act
    C. Regulatory Flexibility Act
    D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act
    E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism
    F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination with 
Indian Tribal Governments
    G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children from 
Environmental Health and Safety Risks
    H. Executive Order 13211: Actions that Significantly Affect 
Energy Supply, Distribution, or Use
    I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act
    J. Congressional Review Act

I. Potentially Affected Entities

    Citizens concerned with water quality in Kansas may be interested 
in this rulemaking. Entities discharging pollutants to waters of the 
United States in Kansas could be indirectly affected by this rulemaking 
because water quality standards are used in determining water quality-
based effluent limitations included in National Pollutant Discharge 
Elimination System (NPDES) permits. Categories and entities that may 
indirectly be affected include:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        Examples of potentially affected
               Category                             entities
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Industry..............................  Industries discharging
                                         pollutants to surface waters in
                                         Kansas.
Municipalities........................  Publicly-owned treatment works
                                         discharging pollutants to
                                         surface waters in Kansas.
------------------------------------------------------------------------

This table is not intended to be exhaustive, but rather provides a 
guide for readers regarding NPDES entities likely to be affected by 
this action. This table lists the types of entities that EPA is now 
aware could potentially be affected by this action. Other types of 
entities not listed in this table could also be affected. To determine 
whether your facility may be affected by this action, you should 
carefully examine today's rule. If you have questions regarding the 
applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person 
listed in the preceding FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section.
    EPA notes that nothing in this rulemaking--which establishes 
``primary contact recreation'' as a Clean Water Act (CWA) use 
designation for 1,056 waters, or ``expected aquatic life use'' for one 
of these waters, and ``secondary contact recreation'' for 230 waters--
affects the private property rights of landowners to deny public access 
to their own property. Use designations, such as those codified today, 
help establish water quality goals for particular water bodies; they do 
not create or abridge property rights regarding access to such waters. 
To illustrate this point, EPA notes that most of these waters had been 
subject to the State's default ``secondary contact recreation'' use 
designation until November 2001 (when the State removed this provision 
and EPA approved that action). That use designation, which commonly 
refers to recreational wading and other uses not likely to result in 
full-body immersion, had applied to these waters since at least 1994, 
and in many cases for years before that. However, EPA is not aware that 
any individual has interpreted that State use designation (made solely 
for CWA purposes) as official government sanction to enter private 
property for the purpose of wading in the streams so designated. 
Consequently, EPA has no reason to believe that this situation will 
change as a result of EPA's use designations today. The only difference 
between the State action and EPA's action today is the type of use 
designated, not whether the waters are subject to a use designation in 
the first instance.

[[Page 40429]]

II. Background

A. What Are the Statutory and Regulatory Requirements Relevant to This 
Action?

    Section 303(c) of the Clean Water Act (CWA), 33 U.S.C. 1313(c), 
requires States and authorized Tribes to adopt water quality standards 
for waters of the United States within their applicable jurisdictions. 
Section 303(c) and EPA's implementing regulations at 40 CFR part 131 
require State water quality standards to include the designated use or 
uses to be made of the water, the criteria necessary to protect those 
uses, and an antidegradation policy. States are also required to review 
their water quality standards at least once every three years and, if 
appropriate, revise or adopt new standards. 33 U.S.C. 1313(c)(1). 
States are required to submit the results of these reviews to EPA for 
approval. 33 U.S.C. 1313(c)(2)(A). Section 303(c)(4) of the CWA 
requires EPA to promulgate water quality standards when necessary to 
replace disapproved State water quality standards.
    Section 101(a)(2) of the CWA establishes as a national goal ``water 
quality which provides for the protection and propogation of fish, 
shellfish, and wildlife and * * * recreation in and on the water,'' 
wherever attainable. This national goal is commonly referred to as the 
``fishable/swimmable'' goals of the CWA. (Hereafter, the fishable/
swimmable goals are referred to as CWA section 101(a) goal uses.) 
Section 303(c)(2)(A) requires State water quality standards to 
``protect the public health or welfare, enhance the quality of water 
and serve the purposes of this [Act].'' Further, States are required to 
take into consideration the waters' use and value for public water 
supplies, propagation of fish and wildlife, recreational purposes, and 
agricultural, industrial, and other purposes, and also to take into 
consideration their use and value for navigation. 33 U.S.C. 
1313(c)(2)(A). States are free to designate more specific uses (e.g., 
cold water aquatic life), or to designate uses not mentioned in the 
CWA, with the exception of waste transport or waste assimilation, which 
is not an acceptable use. 40 CFR 131.10(a). EPA's regulations at 40 CFR 
131.10 describe the process States must follow and the analyses States 
must conduct prior to designating any uses that do not include the 
101(a) goal uses.

B. What Actions Have Kansas and EPA Taken Leading to Today's Action?

    On October 31, 1994, Kansas submitted a complete set of water 
quality standards to EPA for review and approval. As part of this 
submission, it also submitted the Kansas Surface Water Register, which 
contains the listing of all streams, lakes, and wetlands classified 
under the State's water quality standards, individual water body 
locational data and all designated uses for each stream segment, 
wetland, and lake. The 1994 Kansas Surface Water Register, adopted by 
reference at K.A.R. 28-16-28d(c)(2) [subsequently renumbered as K.A.R. 
28-16-28d(d)(2)], divided each stream segment in the State's 1985 water 
quality standards into multiple parts and contained use designations 
for each newly identified segment. This greatly expanded the number of 
stream segments with water body-specific use designations.
    In a February 19, 1998, letter from EPA Region 7 to the Secretary 
of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment (KDHE), EPA reviewed 
and approved in part and disapproved in part all of the State's new or 
revised standards. As part of that action, EPA disapproved the absence 
of a primary contact recreation use designation for more than 1,400 
water bodies and the lack of an aquatic life use designation for one of 
those water bodies. The vast majority of those waters were designated 
for secondary contact recreation, i.e., wading, by operation of the 
State's provision that provided a default secondary contact recreation 
use for waters that had no other recreation use designation. The State 
had provided no documentation indicating that a primary contact 
recreation use was not attainable, even though such documentation is 
required under 40 CFR 131.10(g) and (j). EPA therefore disapproved 
those use designations as being inconsistent with EPA's regulations.
    As a part of this action, EPA also disapproved the following 
provisions of Kansas' 1994 water quality standards:
    [sbull] The State's antidegradation policy regarding protection of 
Outstanding National Resource Waters (also commonly referred to as Tier 
3 waters);
    [sbull] Provisions governing discharges from waste stabilization 
ponds;
    [sbull] Disinfection requirements;
    [sbull] Provisions addressing the adoption of water quality 
criteria for the protection of the State's domestic water supply use;
    [sbull] Several water quality criteria;
    [sbull] The State's water quality standards implementation 
procedures;
    [sbull] The State's antidegradation implementation procedures;
    [sbull] The State's water quality standards provisions for assumed 
stream design flows in applying water quality criteria; and
    [sbull] Provisions relating to waters with effluent-created 
habitat.
    In June 1999, Kansas completed a triennial review of its water 
quality standards. The State adopted new and revised water quality 
standards on June 29, 1999, which became effective under State law on 
June 30, 1999. Kansas submitted these standards for EPA review and 
approval on August 10, 1999, as required under CWA section 
303(c)(2)(A). In its submission, KDHE corrected several provisions 
disapproved by EPA in its February 1998 disapproval letter to make them 
consistent with the CWA. In addition, Kansas revised use designations 
for several water bodies and corrected errors in its 1994 submission. 
On January 19, 2000, EPA approved these corrections and revised use 
designations. EPA also identified, in its January 2000 letter, one 
stream segment in Kansas that is located wholly within Indian country, 
over which Kansas had not demonstrated jurisdiction for CWA purposes.
    On July 3, 2000, EPA proposed to promulgate Federal water quality 
standards for the disapproved items not resolved by the State's 1999 
revisions (see section III, below). EPA ultimately proposed to 
promulgate primary contact recreation use designations for 1,456 stream 
segments and lakes. EPA also proposed to promulgate the State's 
expected aquatic life use designation for one of those stream segments.

III. What Federal Water Quality Standards Did EPA Propose in July 2000?

    On July 3, 2000, EPA proposed water quality standards for the State 
of Kansas. 65 FR 41216 (July 3, 2000). Specifically, EPA proposed: (1) 
An aquatic life use for one stream segment and a primary contact 
recreation use for 1,292 stream segments and 164 lakes; (2) a provision 
stating that all discharges to stream segments for which continuous 
flow is sustained primarily through the discharge of treated effluent 
shall protect the State's designated uses; (3) use of specific design 
flows (7Q10, 4B3), or other scientifically defensible design flows 
recommended by EPA to implement the State's chronic aquatic life 
criteria, and use of specific design flows (1Q10, 1B3), or other 
scientifically defensible design flows recommended by EPA to implement 
the State's acute aquatic life criteria; and (4) implementation 
procedures for the State's antidegradation policy to determine whether 
to allow a lowering of surface water quality by point sources

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of pollution where nonpoint sources also contribute the pollutant of 
concern to that body of water.
    Under its discretionary authority at CWA section 303(c)(4)(B) to 
address State water quality standards that the Administrator determines 
are inconsistent with the Clean Water Act, EPA also proposed two other 
water quality standards: numeric human health criteria for alpha- and 
beta-endosulfan, and a provision stating that water quality standards 
in Kansas apply to all privately owned surface waters in Kansas that 
are waters of the United States.
    On October 13, 2000, KDHE submitted revised water quality standards 
to EPA for its review and approval. This submission contained, among 
other things, new or revised water quality standards addressing alpha-
endosulfan and beta-endosulfan water quality criteria covered by EPA's 
July 2000 proposal. EPA approved these provisions by letter dated 
February 2, 2001, thereby removing the need for Federal water quality 
standards for this issue.
    On September 9, 2001, the KDHE submitted revised water quality 
standards to EPA for its review and approval. This submission contained 
new or revised water quality standards addressing the following matters 
covered by EPA's July 2000 proposal: effluent-created habitat, stream 
design flow, procedures for implementing the State's antidegradation 
policy, and the applicability of water quality standards to publicly 
held and privately held classified ponds. Consequently, these new and 
revised State water quality standards addressed all but one of the 
remaining issues identified in EPA's 1998 disapproval decision.
    In addition, as part of this submission the State removed its 
provision applying a default use designation of secondary contact 
recreation and adopted a provision that made use designations subject 
to the results of use attainability analyses. As a result of this 
action, all but two of the waters contained in EPA's proposal--which 
previously had been subject to the State's default secondary contact 
recreation use--were temporarily no longer subject to any recreation 
use designation. Under the new provision, which EPA approved, all use 
designations are to be based on a use attainability analysis conducted 
by or approved by the State.
    By letter dated November 9, 2001, EPA approved the State's 
September 9, 2001, submission. EPA's approval of new or revised 
standards in 2000 and 2001 eliminated the need for a Federal 
promulgation regarding the previously disapproved provisions with the 
exception of EPA's disapproval of use designations for 1,456 water 
bodies.
    On December 10, 2002, Kansas submitted to EPA the results of its 
triennial review and supporting analyses. Part of these revisions 
included use changes and use attainability analyses for waters subject 
to EPA's July 2000 proposal. As discussed in section IV.C., this 
submission and several additional actions have reduced the number of 
water bodies that are subject to EPA's final action today.

IV. What Federal Water Quality Standards Is EPA Promulgating Today?

    In today's action, EPA is promulgating a primary contact recreation 
use designation for 1,056 waters, an expected aquatic life use for one 
of these waters, and a secondary contact recreation use designation for 
230 waters, thereby addressing the last remaining matter subject to 
EPA's 1998 disapproval decision. Today's action is taking place 
pursuant to a 90-day schedule ordered by the U.S. District Court for 
the District of Kansas in Kansas Natural Resource Council, et al. v. 
Whitman, No. 00-2555-GTV (March 31, 2003). The court's decision and the 
basis for EPA's decisions are described below.

A. Background

    As described in the previous section, CWA section 101(a)(2) 
establishes as a national goal ``water quality which provides for the 
protection and propagation of fish, shellfish, and wildlife and * * * 
recreation in and on the water,'' wherever attainable (i.e., the 
``fishable/swimmable'' goal). Section 303(c)(2)(A) requires State water 
quality standards to ``protect the public health or welfare, enhance 
the quality of water and serve the purposes of this [Act].'' EPA's 
regulations at 40 CFR part 131 interpret and implement these CWA 
provisions by requiring that water quality standards provide for CWA 
section 101(a) goal uses unless those uses have been shown to be 
unattainable, effectively creating a rebuttable presumption of 
attainability, i.e., that a default designation of CWA section 101(a) 
goal uses should apply. The mechanism in EPA's regulations used to 
rebut this presumption is a use attainability analysis.
    Under 40 CFR 131.10(j), States are required to conduct a use 
attainability analysis (UAA) whenever the State designates or has 
designated uses that do not include the CWA section 101(a) goal uses, 
when the State wishes to remove CWA section 101(a) goal uses, or when 
it adopts subcategories of uses that require less stringent criteria. 
Uses are considered by EPA to be attainable, at a minimum, if the uses 
can be achieved (1) when effluent limitations under section 
301(b)(1)(A) and (B) and section 306 are imposed on point source 
dischargers, and (2) when cost-effective and reasonable best management 
practices are imposed on nonpoint source dischargers. See 40 CFR 
131.10(d). EPA's regulations at 40 CFR 131.10 list grounds upon which 
to base a finding that attaining the designated use is not feasible, as 
long as the designated use is not an existing use. Existing uses are 
defined by EPA's regulations as ``those uses actually attained in the 
water body on or after November 28, 1975, whether or not they are 
included in the water quality standards.'' 40 CFR 131.3(e). A UAA is 
defined in 40 CFR 131.3(g) as a ``structured scientific assessment of 
the factors affecting the attainment of the use which may include 
physical, chemical, biological, and economic factors.'' In a UAA, the 
physical, chemical and biological factors affecting the attainment of a 
use are evaluated through a water body survey and assessment. Guidance 
on water body surveys and assessment techniques is contained in the 
Technical Support Manual, Volumes I-III: Water Body Surveys and 
Assessments for Conducting Use Attainability Analyses. Additional 
guidance is provided in the Water Quality Standards Handbook: Second 
Edition (EPA-823-B-94-005, August 1994). Guidance on economic factors 
affecting the attainment of a use is contained in the Interim Economic 
Guidance for Water Quality Standards: Workbook (EPA-823-B-95-002, March 
1995).
    EPA regulations effectively establish a ``rebuttable presumption'' 
that CWA section 101(a) goal uses are attainable and therefore should 
apply to a water body unless it is affirmatively demonstrated that such 
uses are not attainable. EPA adopted this approach in order to help 
achieve the national goal articulated by Congress that, ``wherever 
attainable,'' water quality should provide for the ``protection and 
propagation of fish, shellfish and wildlife'' and for ``recreation in 
and on the water.'' 33 U.S.C. 1251(a)(2). While facilitating 
achievement of Congress' goals, the ``rebuttable presumption'' approach 
preserves States' paramount role in establishing water quality 
standards by weighing any available evidence regarding the attainable 
uses of a particular water body. The rebuttable presumption approach 
does not restrict

[[Page 40431]]

the States' discretion to determine that CWA section 101(a) goal uses 
are not, in fact, attainable in a particular case. Rather, if the water 
quality goals articulated by Congress are not to be met in a particular 
water body, the regulations simply require that such a determination be 
based upon a ``structured scientific assessment'' of use attainability. 
See 40 CFR 131.3(g) (defining use attainability analysis).
    EPA believes that the rebuttable presumption policy reflected in 
these regulations is an essential foundation for effective 
implementation of the CWA as a whole. The ``use'' of a water body is 
the most fundamental articulation of its role in the aquatic and human 
environments, and the water quality protections established by the CWA 
follow from the water's designated use. If a use lower than a CWA 
section 101(a) goal use is designated based on inadequate information 
or superficial analysis, water quality-based protections that might 
have made it possible for the water to achieve the goals articulated by 
Congress in CWA section 101(a) may not be put in place.
    EPA seeks, through its oversight under section 303(c) of the Act, 
to ensure that any State's decision to forgo protection of a water 
body's potential to support CWA section 101(a) goal uses results from 
an appropriately ``structured'' scientific analysis of use attainment. 
Where EPA concludes that the State failed to adequately justify a use 
designation lower than a CWA section 101(a) goal use designation, EPA 
disapproves the use designation. In some cases, the State may decide to 
revise its use classifications to create additional designated uses 
that are also protective of the CWA section 101(a) goal uses. In other 
cases, the State may decide to conduct a more thorough analysis of use 
attainability sufficient to rebut the fishable/swimmable presumption 
reflected in the regulations. Where a State does neither, however, 
federally promulgated CWA section 101(a) goal uses will ensure the 
water quality goals of the Act are recognized.
    In the July 2000 proposal, EPA requested data and information that 
could further support or refute the attainability of EPA's proposed 
designated uses. EPA evaluated all data and information submitted by 
commenters. For EPA's specific responses to comments received, see the 
Response to Comments document contained in the administrative record to 
this rulemaking. A general discussion of EPA's evaluation of this data 
and information is described in section IV.B.3.
    In response to EPA's request for comments on EPA's proposed 
designated uses, EPA received several comments questioning EPA's use of 
the rebuttable presumption for assigning designated uses. Specifically, 
several commenters asserted that sufficient information exists in the 
administrative record to confirm that, as a class, the undesignated 
waters would not be expected to sustain either primary contact 
recreation or aquatic life uses and, as such, that this information 
refutes EPA's presumption that primary contact recreation and aquatic 
life uses are appropriate. EPA disagrees that information of such a 
general nature constitutes the type of structured scientific assessment 
required by EPA's regulations to rebut the presumption. EPA believes 
that use attainability analyses should be based on data applicable to 
individual waters. Indeed, numerous commenters asserted that use 
designation decisions should be made on a case-by-case basis, taking 
into account local considerations. A UAA is a mechanism to accomplish 
this. Where water body-specific data and information have been 
submitted by the State, provided by commenters, or collected by EPA, 
EPA has considered that data and information to determine whether those 
waters should be excluded from today's rulemaking. See section IV.B. 
for a further discussion of EPA's analysis of this data and 
information.
    Other commenters asserted that the use of the ``rebuttable 
presumption'' approach EPA employed to propose use designations is 
contrary to law. EPA disagrees. As described above, EPA believes that 
using the ``rebuttable presumption'' approach is supported by sections 
101(a) and 303(c) of the Clean Water Act. Further, EPA's longstanding 
interpretation, as reflected in its 1983 regulations, is that the 
purposes of the Act are better served by requiring a justification for 
designating uses less than fishable/swimmable rather than demanding an 
affirmative showing of attainability before requiring a fishable/
swimmable use designation. See 40 CFR 131.10. Moreover, the court order 
resulting in today's action, Kansas Natural Resource Council, et al. v. 
Whitman, No. 00-2555-GTV (D. Kansas, March 31, 2003), specifically 
considered EPA's rebuttable presumption approach and held that EPA must 
employ the concept in its promulgation of water quality standards for 
the State of Kansas. The court recognized that, for many of these 
waters, the order's 90-day schedule could result in water bodies being 
given a primary contact recreation designation when a subsequently 
performed use attainability analysis might rebut such a designation. 
However, the court stated, ``Unless and until unattainability is 
demonstrated as specified by the regulations, the purpose of the Clean 
Water Act is best served by protecting the waters as if they are 
fishable/swimmable.''
    Lastly, several commenters suggested that under EPA's rebuttable 
presumption approach, secondary contact recreation is an appropriate 
presumption since it is one of the goal uses of the Clean Water Act. 
While EPA agrees that secondary contact recreation is indeed one of the 
Clean Water Act's goals, EPA disagrees that it supplants primary 
contact recreation for purposes of the rebuttable presumption. Section 
101(a)(2) specifically calls for the protection of recreation in and on 
the water. In other words, the statute contemplates that both 
recreation uses will be protected wherever attainable. Within the 
Kansas Surface Water Quality Standards, the primary contact recreation 
use is the only designated use that will assure protection of both of 
these Clean Water Act goals.

B. EPA's Analysis of Information Received for Specific Stream Segments 
and Lakes

    When promulgating replacement Federal water quality standards, EPA 
follows the same rebuttable presumption approach that applies under the 
regulation to State decision-making. 40 CFR 131.22(c). EPA does not 
believe it is appropriate to alter the current approach for 
establishing use designations under 40 CFR part 131 merely because the 
forum for decision-making has changed from the State to the Federal 
level. Attaining the goals articulated by Congress is no less important 
when EPA, as opposed to a State, is making use designation 
determinations. Moreover, EPA believes that failure to apply the 
rebuttable presumption in the Federal context could undermine how that 
presumption currently applies to State decision-making under the 
Federal regulations. If the presumption did not apply equally in the 
State and Federal decision-making process, a State could effectively 
shift the burden of demonstrating attainability simply by failing to 
adequately justify its use designation and thereby triggering a Federal 
rulemaking proceeding. This result would be contrary to the statute's 
expectation that States retain primary responsibility for making water 
quality standards decisions.
    At the time of the July 2000 proposal, EPA solicited public comment 
and

[[Page 40432]]

information on the attainability of the proposed Federal uses for the 
water bodies subject to that proposal. EPA also encouraged the State to 
continue evaluating the appropriate use designations for these waters 
and to revise its water quality standards, as appropriate. On March 26, 
2001, EPA and the State of Kansas entered into a Memorandum of 
Understanding (MOU) establishing a schedule to resolve the outstanding 
disapproved portions of the 1994 Kansas Surface Water Quality 
Standards. The MOU included a schedule by which the State would conduct 
use attainability analyses for each of the 1,456 waters contained in 
EPA's July 2000 proposal. Consistent with the MOU, the State has 
submitted UAAs for many of the waters identified in EPA's proposed 
rule.
    EPA has evaluated the data and information it received from 
commenters and the State since the July 2000 proposal. Three categories 
describe the data and information EPA used to determine the scope of 
today's final rule:
    (1) Kansas' December 10, 2002, submission of new or revised use 
designations, including UAAs for 225 waters;
    (2) 298 use attainability analyses provided by KDHE to EPA on April 
11, 2003; and
    (3) Information regarding specific waters provided in comments on 
EPA's July 2000 proposal and additional information collected by EPA 
for these waters.
    In evaluating the information provided to EPA prior to the date of 
this final regulation, EPA considered whether the data and information 
sufficiently demonstrated that primary contact recreation is not 
attainable consistent with the Federal regulations at 40 CFR 131.10(g). 
For information it received from the State and the public, EPA used the 
State's protocol for conducting recreation UAAs. EPA had previously 
reviewed the State's recreation UAA protocol, which is contained in the 
State's UAA Guidance, and believes that UAAs conducted using the 
protocol will likely be consistent with Federal regulations.
    As a result of this evaluation, 167 waters included in EPA's July 
2000 proposal are not included in today's final rule. These waters fall 
into one of three categories:
    (1) Waters where the State has adopted and EPA has approved new or 
revised recreation use designations in its water quality standards 
(these include waters designated by the State for primary contact 
recreation or for secondary contact recreation uses supported by a 
UAA);
    (2) Waters where the State has provided information supporting the 
State's previously disapproved 1994 recreation use designations; and
    (3) Waters where the State has provided information demonstrating 
that the water body does not exist.
    In addition, EPA identified three stream segments originally 
included in its July 2000 proposal that had been combined with other 
stream segments and therefore do not need to be listed separately. The 
State submitted these administrative changes to EPA on August 10, 1999, 
which EPA approved on January 19, 2000. EPA inadvertently included 
these three stream segments as separate listings in its July 2000 
proposed rule. Today's rule, however, reflects these changes and is 
consistent with the State's 2002 Surface Water Register. A list of 
these waters may be found in the document entitled A Summary of EPA's 
Use Designation Decisions contained in the administrative record 
accompanying this final rule.
    The remaining 1,286 waters are included in today's final rule; EPA 
is promulgating either primary or secondary contact recreation use 
designations for each of these waters. Four categories describe these 
waters. Secondary contact recreation uses are designated in today's 
rule for waters contained in the first category. Primary contact 
recreation uses are designated for the waters contained in the 
remaining three categories.
    (1) Waters where the State has not yet designated secondary contact 
recreation in the Surface Water Register, but either the State or EPA 
has performed UAAs consistent with 40 CFR 131.10(g) demonstrating that 
secondary contact recreation is the appropriate use;
    (2) Waters where the State has not yet designated primary contact 
recreation in the Surface Water Register, but either the State or EPA 
has collected data and information indicating that the primary contact 
recreation use is attainable;
    (3) Waters where the State's analysis does not support the 
recreation use adopted in the State's Surface Water Register; and
    (4) Waters where EPA has not received any information or where the 
information received is insufficient to conclude that primary contact 
recreation is not attainable.
    EPA's detailed analysis of the information submitted by the State 
of Kansas, by commenters on the proposed rule, and information 
collected by EPA is presented below.
1. Kansas' December 10, 2002, Submission of Water Quality Standards
    On December 10, 2002, KDHE provided EPA with 225 UAAs along with 
revised water quality standards. For the majority of these waters, the 
State revised its Surface Water Register to reflect the water bodies' 
new primary contact recreation use designations, secondary contact 
recreation use designations, or the removal of recreation use 
designations. EPA reviewed the State's UAAs for consistency with the 
Federal regulations and collected additional data for 16 waters where 
the State's UAAs were inconsistent with EPA's regulations and the 
State's UAA protocol. As a result of this review, on June 24, 2003, EPA 
withdrew its 1998 disapproval with respect to 161 of these waters and 
approved the State's use designation decisions for these waters. This 
approval decision removed the need for Federal promulgation of use 
designations for these waters. Therefore, EPA is not including these 
161 waters in today's rule. A list of these waters may be found in A 
Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the 
administrative record accompanying this final rule.
    In addition to the 161 waters for which EPA approved the State's 
use designation decisions, there are 43 other waters for which the 
State's UAAs (and information collected by EPA for two of these waters) 
successfully demonstrate that the primary contact recreation use is not 
an attainable use and that the appropriate use for these waters is 
secondary contact recreation. However, Kansas has not yet changed its 
Surface Water Register to designate any recreational uses for these 
waters. Therefore, EPA is promulgating secondary contact recreation for 
these 43 water bodies.
    For another 16 waters, analyses conducted by the State indicate 
that primary contact recreation is attainable based on an evaluation of 
a variety of factors, including activities occurring there, water 
quality, flow, and depth. The State's UAAs recommended the waters for 
primary contact recreation, but Kansas has not yet adopted these 
recreation uses into the Register. Pursuant to EPA's regulations, the 
information in the UAA indicates that primary contact recreation is the 
appropriate use. For these 16 waters, EPA is promulgating primary 
contact recreation use designations. A list of these waters may be 
found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the

[[Page 40433]]

administrative record accompanying this final rule.
    EPA reviewed the analyses provided by the State to assure 
consistency with the Clean Water Act and the implementing Federal 
regulations. For five of these waters, EPA found that the State's 
analyses were insufficient either to support the recreation uses 
contained in the State's 2002 Surface Water Register or to demonstrate 
that primary contact recreation is unattainable. Therefore, EPA is 
promulgating primary contact recreation for these five water bodies. A 
list of these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation 
Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this 
final rule.
    In summary, today's rule contains use designations for 64 waters 
for which the State prepared UAAs in connection with its December 2002 
submission but has not yet made use designation changes in its Surface 
Water Register. Once the State adopts and EPA approves use designations 
for specific waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of its corresponding 
Federal use designations for those water bodies.
2. Use Attainability Analysis Information Provided by the State of 
Kansas to EPA on April 11, 2003
    On April 11, 2003, the State provided to EPA an additional 298 UAAs 
that the State conducted during 2002 as part of its scheduled review of 
all classified waters under State law and the State's Memorandum of 
Understanding with EPA. EPA reviewed the information contained in the 
State's UAAs and collected additional data for eight of these waters. 
As a result of this review, EPA found that, for four waters, the 
State's UAAs support the State's original 1994 recreation use 
designations. Consequently, on June 24, 2003, EPA withdrew its 1998 
disapproval with respect to these four waters and approved the State's 
designated uses for these waters. This action removes the need for 
Federal promulgation of designated uses for these waters. Therefore, 
EPA is not including these waters in today's final rule. A list of 
these waters may be found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation 
Decisions contained in the administrative record accompanying this 
final rule.
    For two other waters, Mulberry City Lake and Frazier Lake, the 
State's analyses demonstrate that these water bodies do not exist; 
therefore, EPA is removing these two waters from the scope of this 
rulemaking. Information provided by the State indicates that Mulberry 
City Lake is not a known water body in Kansas. It had erroneously been 
included in the State's 1994 Surface Water Register and as part of 
EPA's 1998 disapproval and July 2000 proposal. The State included 
Frazier Lake in its 1994 Surface Water Register, even though at the 
time it did not have the characteristics of a lake, because it 
understood that a lake bearing that name would be created by impounding 
a stream. In 2003, the State provided information indicating that the 
project was abandoned. Therefore, Frazier Lake was never created. Based 
on this new information, EPA is not including these water bodies in 
today's final rule.
    For the remaining 292 waters, based on the information contained in 
the remaining UAAs conducted by Kansas and the additional information 
collected by EPA, EPA determined, consistent with 40 CFR 131.10, that a 
primary contact recreation use designation is appropriate for 143 
waters and a secondary contact recreation use designation is 
appropriate for 149 waters. The State has not yet revised its Surface 
Water Register to codify these primary and secondary contact recreation 
use designations for any of these waters. Therefore, EPA is today 
promulgating either primary contact recreation use or secondary contact 
recreation use designations for these waters consistent with the 
State's and EPA's analyses. A list of these waters may be found in A 
Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the 
administrative record accompanying this final rule.
    In its July 2000 proposal, EPA proposed to designate Mined Land 
Lakes for primary contact recreation. Information in the UAAs provided 
by the State in April 2003 indicates that 43 individual lakes comprise 
Mined Land Lakes. (EPA identified these lakes as two separate entries 
in its July 2000 proposal because EPA had no basis--other than two 
different hydrologic unit codes--to distinguish among them.) The State 
conducted UAAs for all 43 lakes that indicate primary contact 
recreation is the appropriate designated use for all of these water 
bodies. For simplicity and due to the fact that the information EPA 
received from the State indicates that all the lakes comprising Mind 
Land Lakes are capable of supporting primary contact recreation, 
today's final rule continues to list Mined Land Lakes as two entries in 
its regulation.
    Once the State adopts and EPA approves use designations for these 
292 waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of its corresponding Federal 
use designations for these waters.
3. Information Submitted by Commenters in Response to EPA's July 2000 
Proposal and Information Collected by EPA
    At the time of its July 2000 proposal, EPA solicited public comment 
and information on the attainability of the proposed Federal uses for 
the water bodies subject to that proposal. Prior to today's final 
action, EPA considered the information provided to EPA during the 
public comment period for the July 2000 proposed rule and information 
since collected by EPA. Some of the information submitted to EPA 
indicated that primary contact recreation uses may not be attainable 
for particular water bodies and that, therefore, the ``presumption'' of 
primary contact recreation was potentially rebutted. In reviewing 
public comments to determine whether the presumption had been rebutted 
for a particular water body, EPA considered a number of factors, 
including (1) whether the comment identified a specific water body or 
provided reasonably specific locational information for EPA to use to 
identify the water body discussed in the comment; (2) whether the 
comment stated or clearly implied that because of the depth or flow 
level of the water, the water body was not capable of supporting 
primary contact recreation during any part of the recreation season 
(April through October under Kansas law); and (3) whether the comment 
claimed that the water should not be designated for primary contact 
recreation.
    For 93 water bodies, EPA determined that the information provided 
by commenters potentially rebutted the presumption of primary contact 
recreation. For these waters, EPA collected additional information 
consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g) to determine the 
appropriate recreational use of the water body. If Kansas had not yet 
completed an acceptable use attainability analysis for a particular 
water body, EPA--using Kansas' expedited recreational use attainability 
analysis protocol in coordination with the State--performed a use 
attainability analysis. As a result, EPA collected additional 
information for 93 waters. Based on this information, EPA determined, 
consistent with 40 CFR 131.10, that a primary contact recreation use 
designation is appropriate for 53 waters and a secondary contact 
recreation use designation is appropriate for 38 waters. The State has 
not yet adopted these use designations for any of these waters. 
Therefore, EPA is today promulgating primary contact recreation use

[[Page 40434]]

designations for 53 waters and secondary contact recreation use 
designations for 38 waters. A list of these waters may be found in A 
Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the 
administrative record accompanying this final rule.
    For the remaining two waters identified in public comments as 
potentially rebutting the presumption of primary contact recreation, 
EPA staff attempted to collect additional information. However, these 
waters are located entirely on property that had no access points 
available to the EPA staff that performed the use attainability 
analyses. Because these waters could not be assessed in a manner 
consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g), EPA is using the 
rebuttable presumption to promulgate a use designation of primary 
contact recreation for these two waters. A list of these waters may be 
found in A Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions contained in the 
administrative record accompanying this final rule. For these 93 
waters, as for all waters subject to today's rule, once the State 
submits and EPA approves use designations for these waters, EPA will 
initiate withdrawal of the Federal use designations.
    Some of the information provided to EPA in the form of comments was 
insufficient to rebut the presumption that the waters should be 
designated for primary contact recreation. Comments in this category 
were ones that provided no information regarding the name or location 
of a water body or, contrary to the commenters assertion, included 
information that indicated that the water was capable of supporting 
primary contact recreation during at least a portion of the recreation 
period. In addition, a number of commenters specifically requested that 
the water body they identified be protected by promulgation of a 
primary contact recreation use designation. For EPA's specific 
responses to comments received, see the Response to Comments document 
contained in the administrative record to this rulemaking.

C. EPA's Final Use Designation Decisions for Specific Stream Segments 
and Lakes

    EPA is today promulgating a primary contact recreation use for 
1,056 waters and a secondary contact recreation use for 230 waters. The 
1,056 waters for which EPA is promulgating a primary contact recreation 
use designation consist of (1) 844 waters for which EPA has not 
received information sufficient to rebut the presumption of primary 
contact recreation; and (2) 212 waters for which EPA has received 
information supporting the waters' designation for primary contact 
recreation but for which Kansas has not yet adopted that designated 
use. Once Kansas adopts, and EPA approves, use designations for these 
waters, EPA will initiate withdrawal of the Federal use designations 
promulgated for such waters.
    EPA is promulgating secondary contact recreation for 230 waters for 
which either Kansas or EPA performed use attainability analyses 
consistent with the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g) that demonstrated 
that secondary contact recreation was the appropriate use, but for 
which Kansas has not adopted a secondary contact recreation use 
designation. Once the State adopts and EPA approves an appropriate 
designation for any of these waters, EPA will initiate a withdrawal of 
the use designations promulgated for such waters. A summary of this 
information is provided in Table 1.

                                                  Table 1.--Summary of EPA's Use Designation Decisions
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Waters not in final rule                            Waters included in final rule
                                           -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                                                      Water is
                                  No. of                               Information            Analysis     Analysis    Analysis is  presumed PCR
                                waters in   UAA supports      UAA       indicates             supports     supports   insufficient     due to
                                July 2000     2002 use      supports    the waters   Total    SCR, but     PCR, but    to support   insufficient   Total
                                 proposal   designations    1994 use      do not             State has    State has    State's use      or no
                                                          designation     exist               not yet      not yet     designation    existing
                                                                                            adopted SCR  adopted PCR                 information
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kansas 2002 WQS submittal....          225           121           40            0     161           43           16             5           N/A      64
Kansas 2003 UAAs.............          298           N/A            4            2       6          149          143           N/A           N/A     292
Information received on                 93           N/A            0            0       0           38           53           N/A             2      93
 waters addressed solely by
 comments and additional
 information collected by EPA
Insufficient or no                     837           N/A          N/A          N/A       0          N/A          N/A           N/A           837     837
 information.................
------------------------------
    Totals...................        1,453           121           44            2     166          230          212              844             1,287
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Note: As described in Section IV.B., three water body segments contained in the July 2000 proposal have been combined with other segments, resulting in
  a total of 1,453 waters.
SCR--secondary contact recreation.
PCR--primary contact recreation.

    For the waters where EPA is promulgating either primary contact 
recreation or secondary contact recreation use designations in today's 
final rule, the State's currently effective water quality criteria for 
those designated uses apply. The currently effective fecal coliform 
water quality criterion for CWA purposes adopted by Kansas for the 
protection of primary contact recreation is a geometric mean of 200 
organisms per 100 milliliters from April 1 through October 31, and 
2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters from November 1 though March 31. 
The currently effective water quality criterion for the protection of 
secondary contact recreation is 2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters all 
year.
    If, in the future, the State adopts and EPA approves revisions to 
its water quality criteria for the protection of primary and secondary 
contact recreation uses, those water quality criteria will be effective 
for CWA purposes and will apply, as appropriate, to the waters for 
which EPA is promulgating use designations today.
    In addition to the recreation use designations being promulgated 
today, EPA is also promulgating the State's expected aquatic life use 
designation for one stream segment, Whiskey Creek, that the State 
designated for a restricted aquatic life use in 1994 without an 
adequate supporting UAA. Because the State assigns the expected aquatic 
life use category to a majority of its surface waters, and EPA received 
no additional

[[Page 40435]]

information to indicate that Whiskey Creek contains aquatic life 
conditions other than common habitat types and indigenous biota, EPA 
believes that an expected aquatic life use designation is appropriate 
for aquatic life in Whiskey Creek. Therefore, EPA has designated 
Whiskey Creek for expected aquatic life. This water is identified in 
131.34(a) in today's rule. Once the State adopts and EPA approves an 
appropriate designation for this water body, EPA will initiate a 
withdrawal of the use designation promulgated for this water body.

D. Effect of Today's Rulemaking on the State's Water Quality Programs

    EPA's approach in this rulemaking does not undermine the State's 
primary role in designating uses for waters in Kansas. EPA prefers that 
States establish their own regulations. Consequently, on March 26, 
2001, EPA embarked on a process with the State of Kansas to resolve the 
remaining issues identified in EPA's 1998 disapproval decision and 
obviate the need for EPA rulemaking. EPA Region 7 and the State of 
Kansas entered into a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) establishing a 
schedule to resolve the outstanding disapproved portions of the 1994 
Kansas Surface Water Quality Standards. The MOU included a schedule by 
which the State would conduct use attainability analyses for a total of 
1,456 waters not designated for primary contact recreation uses in its 
1994 revisions. The Kansas legislature later passed a law requiring 
KDHE to develop recreation UAAs for all State waters on a regular 
schedule by October 2005. KSA-82a-2004. The schedule established by the 
Kansas legislature superseded the one established by the MOU. However, 
today's rulemaking by EPA does not supersede or moot any of the 
requirements for KDHE to conduct UAAs contained in the statute. Indeed, 
EPA fully expects the State to continue to develop UAAs on the 
schedules set forth in State law and to adopt new or revised uses 
designations when appropriate.
    If the State's forthcoming UAAs indicate that primary contact 
recreation uses are not attainable for waters designated for that use 
in today's rule and EPA approves the new use designations adopted by 
the State, EPA will initiate withdrawal of the use designations 
promulgated today for such waters. For over 350 waters in today's rule, 
the uses being promulgated today are consistent with analyses provided 
to EPA by the State. For these waters, the State need not conduct any 
further analyses and can simply adopt the use designations for the 
specific waters identified in today's rule. Once the designated uses 
are adopted by the State for specific waters and are submitted to and 
approved by EPA, EPA will initiate withdrawal of its rulemaking for 
those waters. Consequently, due to the schedule by which the State is 
expected to complete UAAs for the remaining waters in today's rule and 
the discretion the State is afforded by the Clean Water Act and its 
implementing regulations, EPA does not anticipate that today's 
regulation will have a significant effect on the State's water quality 
program and potentially affected entities.
    Further, water quality standards do not directly affect any entity. 
It is only through the implementation of these water quality standards 
through such mechanisms as NPDES permits that these water quality 
standards will have any direct effect. The State has flexibility in how 
it implements these water quality standards. EPA has included a 
variance provision in today's final rule, 40 CFR 131.34(c), authorizing 
the Regional Administrator to grant variances based upon a permittee's 
demonstration, consistent with the Federal regulations, that the use is 
not attainable. Variances are particularly suitable for instances where 
the cause of nonattainment is discharger-specific and it appears that 
the designated use in question will eventually be attainable or be 
demonstrated to be unattainable. See section VI.C. Additionally, the 
State will use these water quality standards in identifying impaired 
waters and establishing Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs). Where the 
State identifies waters subject to this rulemaking as impaired, the 
State has discretion in scheduling the water for TMDL development. 
Further discussion is contained in Section VI.D.
    The designation of uses in this rule is not intended to apply to 
waters within Indian country. The 1999 Kansas Surface Water Register 
included some stream segments that may be located wholly or partly in 
Indian Country. EPA approval of designated uses for waters in Kansas 
has never been intended to apply to any waters located within Indian 
Country because EPA has not analyzed or approved the State's authority 
to adopt water quality standards for waters in Indian Country. EPA has 
recommended that the State clarify this matter by amending the Kansas 
Surface Water Register to specify that the State's water quality 
standards do not apply to any portions of waters located in Indian 
Country. EPA is working with Tribes in Region 7 to identify those 
Tribes that may consider seeking authorization to administer the water 
quality standards program under the CWA. This effort is part of a 
national effort to ensure there are water quality standards for Indian 
Country waters.

V. Economic Analysis

    This final rule will have no direct impact on any entity because 
the rule simply establishes water quality standards (e.g., use 
designations) which by themselves do not impose any costs. These 
standards, however, may serve as a basis for development of NPDES 
permit limits. In Kansas, the State is the NPDES permitting authority 
and retains considerable discretion in implementing standards. Thus, 
until the State implements these water quality standards, there will be 
no effect on any entity. Nonetheless, EPA prepared a preliminary 
analysis to evaluate potential costs to NPDES dischargers in Kansas 
associated with future State implementation of EPA's Federal standards.
    Any NPDES-permitted facility that discharges to water bodies 
affected by this rule could potentially incur costs to comply with the 
rule's provisions. The types of affected facilities may include 
industrial facilities and publicly owned treatment works (POTWs). EPA 
did not consider the potential costs for nonpoint sources, such as 
agricultural and forestry-related nonpoint sources, although EPA 
recognizes that the State may decide to impose controls on these 
sources to achieve water quality standards. As a technical matter, 
nonpoint source discharges are difficult to model and evaluate for 
potential costs because they are intermittent, highly variable, and 
occur under different hydrologic or climatic conditions than continuous 
discharges from industrial and municipal facilities, which are 
evaluated under critical low flow or drought conditions. Thus, the 
evaluation of nonpoint sources and their effects on the environment is 
highly site-specific and data sensitive. In addition, EPA did not 
address the potential monetary benefits of this rule for Kansas.

A. Identifying Affected Facilities

    To identify facilities potentially affected by the primary or 
secondary contact recreation uses promulgated in today's rule, EPA used 
an inventory of affected facilities submitted by the KDHE in its 
comments on the proposed rule. This list identifies 416 facilities--14 
majors and 402 minors. Of the stream segments and lakes included in the 
rule, one stream segment is also lacking an aquatic life support use 
(Whiskey

[[Page 40436]]

Creek). EPA identified one facility that discharges to Whiskey Creek. 
However, just prior to EPA publishing this final rule, KDHE provided 
EPA with an updated inventory identifying a total of 183 potentially 
affected facilities. The smaller number of facilities reflects the 
narrowed scope of this final rule relative to EPA's July 2000 proposal. 
Thus, EPA's economic analysis described in this section likely 
overstates the potential economic impact of this action in two 
respects: First, because EPA estimated the cost of controls based on 
the universe of 416 facilities identified as part of the proposed rule; 
and second, because EPA assumed that all of these facilities discharge 
to waters protected for primary contact recreation, when in fact many 
waters included in this final rule are being designated for secondary 
contract recreation.

B. Evaluating Sample Facilities

    In its comments on the proposed rule, KDHE included an analysis of 
costs for all 416 facilities it identified. For one subgroup of these 
facilities (283 conventional lagoons), KDHE provided effluent data for 
20. Thus, EPA used the data for the 20 facilities to review and 
evaluate KDHE's analysis of costs for this subgroup. For another 
subgroup (133 mechanical treatment plants), effluent data is available 
for five facilities in EPA's Permit Compliance System. Thus, EPA used 
the data for these five facilities to review and evaluate KDHE's 
analysis of costs for this subgroup. The number of facilities 
identified and the number of facilities for which EPA evaluated data 
are presented in Table 2.

                        Table 2.--Number of Facilities Potentially Affected and Evaluated
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                     Potentially affected facilities \1\            Evaluated facilities
             Provision             -----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                       Majors       Minors       Total        Majors       Minors       Total
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Primary or Secondary Contact                 14          402          416            3           22           25
 Recreation \2\...................
Aquatic Life \3\..................            1            0            1            1            0           1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\ Source: KDHE comments on proposed rule (Kansas Department of Health & Environment, Comments on EPA Proposed
  Water Quality Standards Promulgation, October 16, 2000). However, just prior to EPA publishing this final
  rule, KDHE provided EPA with an updated inventory of 183 potentially affected facilities reflecting the
  narrowed scope of this final rule. Thus, EPA analysis likely overstates the potential economic impact of this
  action.
\2\ Facilities discharging to water bodies for which EPA is promulgating primary or secondary contact recreation
  use designations.
\3\ Includes facility discharging to water body for which EPA is promulgating an existing aquatic life use
  designation.

C. Method for Estimating Potential Compliance Costs

    For facilities discharging to waters with a new primary contact 
recreation use designation, EPA assumed that a sample facility would 
have a reasonable potential to exceed water quality criteria for fecal 
coliforms (and require a permit limit) if the maximum effluent 
concentration exceeds the most stringent water quality criterion (the 
monthly average of 200 colonies per 100 ml). EPA also assumed a 
facility would have a reasonable potential if it currently has a limit 
for fecal coliforms, or if it discharges treated domestic sewage that 
has not been disinfected. For facilities with a reasonable potential, 
EPA assumed that projected effluent limits would be the same as the 
State's existing water quality criteria for fecal coliforms (a monthly 
geometric mean of 200 colonies per 100 ml and a weekly geometric mean 
of 400 colonies per 100 ml) because EPA guidance recommends this 
approach (Memo from Jeffrey G. Miller, Deputy Assistant Administrator, 
Water Enforcement to Regional Enforcement Directors, Regional Permit 
Branch Chiefs, and NPDES State Directors, February 1977).
    For facilities with a reasonable potential to exceed water quality 
criteria for fecal coliforms, EPA assumed that a sample facility would 
incur costs if its maximum effluent concentration (or existing permit 
limit, whichever is smaller) exceeds the most stringent criterion. EPA 
also assumed that facilities discharging domestic sewage without a 
disinfection system currently in place would incur costs. EPA assumed 
that ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection would be installed at 
facilities with effluents containing domestic sewage that do not have a 
disinfection system in place. Where EPA determined that facilities with 
existing disinfection systems would not be likely to meet the projected 
effluent limits, EPA assumed that treatment process optimization will 
be necessary.
    One facility discharges to a stream for which EPA is promulgating 
an existing aquatic life use designation. However, because effluent 
data are not available for this facility, EPA estimated at the time of 
proposal that it does not have reasonable potential to cause 
exceedences of chronic aquatic criteria. Consequently, EPA anticipates 
no cost for this provision. Commenters on the proposed rule did not 
disagree with EPA's identification of this facility or its conclusions 
regarding its reasonable potential to cause exceedances of chronic 
aquatic life criteria.

D. Results

    EPA estimated the potential costs associated with its decision to 
designate water bodies for (1) primary and secondary contact recreation 
uses, and (2) an aquatic life use. For waters designated for either a 
primary or a secondary contact recreation use, there are 416 
potentially affected facilities. EPA estimated costs based on data for 
25 of these facilities, and extrapolated the results to all potentially 
affected facilities.
    EPA estimated that the potential total statewide annual cost 
associated with designating all of the affected water bodies for 
primary contact recreation would be approximately $1.8 million. Nearly 
all of the affected facilities would be minor dischargers, and the 
majority of those are conventional lagoons that would probably need UV 
disinfection to reduce fecal coliforms. As previously noted, EPA's 
economic analysis likely overstates the potential economic impact of 
this action because EPA based its projected effluent limitations and 
the subsequent cost of controls for potentially affected entities on 
meeting the fecal coliform criterion associated with the primary 
contact recreation use. The potential cost to facilities discharging to 
waters designated for secondary contact recreation will likely be less.
    EPA estimated that the potential cost associated with promulgating 
an existing aquatic life use on the affected water body is zero. This 
estimate is based on the one affected facility that EPA identified.

E. Total Statewide Costs

    Table 3 summarizes the total estimated potential statewide costs of 
today's rule. As described earlier, much

[[Page 40437]]

of the costs for this rule may result from the need for minor 
dischargers to install disinfection systems.

           Table 3.--Total Estimated Potential Statewide Costs
                               [2002 $/yr]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                              Estimated
                         Provision                           annual cost
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Facilities Discharging to Waters Lacking Primary Contact       1,800,000
 Recreation Designated Use.................................
Facilites Discharging to Waters Lacking Aquatic Life                   0
 Designated Use............................................
                                                            ------------
  Total....................................................    1,800,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------

F. Significant Comments on the Economic Analysis for the Proposed Rule

    In comments submitted on the proposed rule, KDHE provided detailed 
inventories of facilities affected by each provision of the proposed 
rule. In comparison, EPA's estimates of affected facilities used to 
analyze costs for the proposed rule were incomplete, because of missing 
data. Therefore, because the State of Kansas should have the best 
information on the location of its facilities, EPA based its analysis 
of the final rule on KDHE's inventories.
    To estimate potential compliance costs, EPA generally followed the 
approach used by KDHE in a cost impact analysis submitted as part of 
its comments on the proposed rule. EPA considered the same general 
categories of facilities; however, EPA's methodology differed in a 
number of key details.
    For each of the 133 mechanical treatment plants and aerated 
lagoons, KDHE performed a facility-by-facility assessment of the 
treatment technologies that the facilities might need to install 
because of this rule based on data regarding existing treatment 
processes and effluent concentrations. KDHE concluded that 65 
facilities would probably need to install treatment for fecal 
coliforms. However, the KDHE cost impact analysis did not include the 
facility-specific data on which these assessments were based. 
Therefore, EPA used existing data available from PCS to examine KDHE's 
conclusions. PCS data for fecal coliform, available for five facilities 
in the potentially affected universe, indicated that four of these 
facilities would probably need to install additional treatment. Because 
PCS data were consistent with KDHE's conclusions for each facility, EPA 
accepted KDHE's conclusions regarding which facilities would need 
additional treatment, except the one for which PCS data showed 
otherwise. KDHE concluded that about half of the affected facilities 
would only need to expand their existing disinfection process and would 
not need UV disinfection. However, since EPA did not know the specific 
disinfection processes currently in operation at the facilities, EPA 
conservatively assumed that all facilities would need to install UV 
disinfection.
    For conventional lagoons, KDHE provided two years of effluent 
sampling data for 20 sample facilities. EPA examined the sampling data 
for the 20 sample facilities and determined that only 8 of the 
facilities (40% of sample) would need to install additional treatment 
for fecal coliforms. EPA assumed that each facility would pursue the 
lowest cost option available (i.e., addition of UV disinfection). EPA 
then extrapolated costs, based on the percentage of sample facilities 
(40%) needing additional treatment, to the universe of potentially 
affected lagoons, and concluded that a total of 113 facilities would 
probably need to install additional treatment for fecal coliforms. To 
provide a conservative estimate of costs, EPA assumed that the lagoons 
needing treatment would be the largest facilities that EPA identified 
among the facilities potentially affected by provisions of the proposed 
rule.
    However, just prior to EPA's promulgation of this final rule, KDHE 
provided EPA with an updated inventory reducing the number of 
potentially affected facilities from 416 to 183 facilities reflecting 
the narrowed scope of this final rule relative to EPA's July 2000 
proposal. Thus, EPA's economic analysis likely overstates the economic 
impact of this rule.
    For a response to the other comments EPA received on its economic 
analysis of the proposed rule, see the Response to Comments document 
contained in the administrative record to this rulemaking .

VI. Alternative Regulatory Approaches and Implementation Mechanisms

    Data and information may become available after the date of this 
rulemaking that will be material to water quality standards for Kansas. 
There are several mechanisms available to ensure that the water quality 
standards and their implementing mechanisms appropriately take into 
account such new information. These mechanisms are described in VI. A., 
B., C., and D.
    It is important to remember that two of these mechanisms, 
designated use changes and site-specific criteria, are modifications to 
the State's water quality standards. Federal regulations at 40 CFR 
122.44(d)(1) require that NPDES permits include limitations necessary 
to achieve water quality standards adopted under section 303 of the 
CWA. Therefore, a designated use revised by the State or a site-
specific criterion cannot be the basis for NPDES permit limitations 
until the State has adopted it as part of its water quality standards, 
has submitted it to EPA, and EPA has approved it. See 40 CFR 131.21(c) 
& (d). EPA would also need to withdraw any corresponding Federal use 
designation. As with any other State revision to its water quality 
standards, EPA will then review these revisions to determine whether 
they are scientifically defensible in accordance with 40 CFR 
131.11(b)(1)(iii), or meet the requirements of 40 CFR 131.10(g), as 
applicable. EPA will also consider whether the appropriate procedural 
requirements have been met, such as public participation and 
certification by the appropriate legal authority within the State. 
Therefore, Kansas will not be able to employ its designated use changes 
and site-specific criteria as a basis for NPDES permit limits until 
Kansas submits and EPA approves them. As noted in EPA's regulations, 
State water quality standards do not become effective for Clean Water 
Act purposes until they are approved by EPA. See 40 CFR 131.21. In 
addition, EPA would also need to withdraw any corresponding Federal use 
designations.
    While 40 CFR 131.13 allows States to adopt variances for State-
adopted water quality standards, such variances may not be used for 
Federally promulgated water quality standards. Consequently, EPA has 
included in today's rule a Federal variance provision allowing the 
Region 7 Regional Administrator to grant water quality standards 
variances where a permittee submits data indicating that an EPA-
designated use is not attainable for any of the reasons in 40 CFR 
131.10(g). This process is discussed in greater detail in section VI.C. 
below.

A. Designating Uses

    As described throughout this preamble, States have considerable 
discretion in designating uses. EPA expects that as the State conducts 
its planned UAAs, it may find that changes in use designations are 
warranted for some of these water bodies. If Kansas adopts and submits 
to EPA new use designations for waters bodies subject to today's rule 
and if EPA approves the State's use designations, EPA will initiate 
withdrawal of the corresponding use designations promulgated today.

[[Page 40438]]

    In adopting recreation uses, the State may wish to consider 
additional categories of recreation uses. For example, Kansas could 
establish more than one category of primary contact recreation to 
differentiate between waters where recreation is known to occur and 
waters where recreation is not known to occur but may be attained based 
on water quality, flow, and depth characteristics.
    EPA cautions the State that it must conduct a use attainability 
analyses as described in 40 CFR 131.10(g) when adopting water quality 
standards that result in uses that are not specified in section 
101(a)(2) of the CWA, or that result in subcategories of uses specified 
in section 101(a)(2) that require less stringent criteria. See 40 CFR 
131.10(j).

B. Site-Specific Criteria

    The State may also develop data that indicate that a site-specific 
water quality criterion for a particular pollutant is appropriate, and 
then take action to adopt such a criterion into its water quality 
standards. Site specific criteria are allowed by regulation and are 
subject to EPA review and approval. 40 CFR 131.11 requires States to 
adopt criteria that protect designated uses, that are based on sound 
scientific rationale, and that contain sufficient parameters or 
constituents to protect the designated use. In adopting water quality 
criteria, States should establish numerical values based on EPA's 
recommended 304(a) criteria guidance, 304(a) criteria guidance modified 
to reflect site specific conditions, or other scientifically defensible 
methods, or should establish narrative criteria where numerical 
criteria cannot be determined or where necessary to supplement 
narrative criteria.
    EPA does not currently have specific guidance for States and 
authorized Tribes on developing site-specific criteria for the 
protection of recreation uses. This does not preclude the State from 
developing its own scientifically defensible methods. With regard to 
site-specific criteria for the protection of aquatic life, EPA guidance 
recommends three procedures States and authorized Tribes can consider 
using: The Recalculation Procedure, the Water-Effect Ratio Procedure 
and the Resident Species Procedure. These procedures can be found in 
the Water Quality Standards Handbook (EPA-823-B940005a, 1994). EPA also 
recognizes there may be naturally occurring concentrations of 
pollutants that may exceed the national criteria recommendations 
published under section 304(a) of the CWA, and has issued policy 
guidance on establishing site-specific aquatic life criteria equal to 
natural background. (Memo from Tudor T. Davies, Director, Office of 
Science and Technology to the Regional Water Management Division 
Directors, and State and Tribal Water Quality Management Program 
Directors, dated November 5, 1997.)

C. Variances

    A water quality standards variance is a mechanism that can 
temporarily modify water quality standards. Today's rule contains a 
Federal variance procedure for the designated uses being promulgated 
today. However, the procedures described later in this section can also 
be used by the State to develop variances for State-adopted water 
quality standards.
    EPA believes variances are particularly suitable when the cause of 
nonattainment is discharger-specific and it appears that the designated 
use in question will eventually be attained or demonstrated to be 
unattainable. EPA has approved the granting of water quality standards 
variances by States in circumstances that would otherwise justify 
changing a use designation on the grounds of unattainability (i.e., one 
or more of the six circumstances contained in 40 CFR 131.10(g) is met). 
In contrast to a change in standards that removes a use designation for 
a water body, a water quality standards variance applies only to the 
discharger to whom it is granted and only to the pollutant parameter(s) 
upon which the finding of unattainability is based, and only for a 
limited period of time. The underlying standard remains in effect for 
all other CWA purposes.
    For example, if the State or a permittee demonstrates that the 
primary contact recreation use can not be attained pursuant to 40 CFR 
131.10(g) because of high levels of fecal coliforms from a wastewater 
treatment facility, but where the treatment technology, when upgraded, 
may allow the designated use to be attained, a temporary variance may 
be appropriate. The variance would allow the discharger's permit to 
include limits based on relaxed criteria for fecal coliform until the 
new technology is put in place and it is determined whether the 
underlying designated use is attainable. The practical effect of such a 
variance is to allow a permit to be written using less stringent 
criteria, while encouraging ultimate attainment of the underlying 
standard. A water quality standards variance provides a mechanism for 
ensuring compliance with sections 301(b)(1)(C) and 402(a)(1) of the 
CWA, while granting temporary relief to point source dischargers.
    While 40 CFR 131.13 allows States to adopt variance procedures for 
State-adopted water quality standards, such State procedures may not be 
used to grant variances for Federally adopted standards. EPA believes 
that it is appropriate to provide comparable Federal procedures where, 
as here, EPA adopts use designations which rely, at least in part, on a 
rebuttable presumption that fishable/swimmable uses are attainable or 
adopts more stringent criteria for the State's use designations. 
Through today's rule, the Region 7 Regional Administrator may grant 
water quality standards variances where a permittee submits data 
indicating that an EPA-designated use is unattainable for any of the 
reasons in 40 CFR 131.10(g). Therefore, today's rule includes 
procedures that will apply to the designated uses being promulgated 
today at Sec.  131.34(a) and (b).
    Today's rule spells out the process for applying for and granting 
such variances. Authorizing the Regional Administrator to grant 
variances should expedite the processing of variance requests. Today's 
regulation specifies that EPA will use informal adjudication processes 
in reviewing and granting variance requests. That process is contained 
in Sec.  131.34(c) of today's rule. Because water quality standards 
variances are considered revisions to water quality standards, the rule 
provides that the Regional Administrator will provide public notice of 
the proposed variance and provide an opportunity for public comment. 
EPA understands that variance-related issues can often arise in the 
context of permit issuance. EPA Region 7 will seek to work closely with 
the State permitting authorities to ensure that variance requests will 
be considered in tandem with the State NPDES permitting process.
    The variance procedure promulgated today requires an applicant for 
a water quality standards variance to submit a request to the Regional 
Administrator (or his/her delegatee) with supporting information. Under 
this rule, as in the national program, the burden is on the applicant 
to demonstrate to EPA's satisfaction that the designated use is 
unattainable for one of the reasons specified in 40 CFR 131.10(g). 
(These reasons are restated in Sec.  131.34(c)(3) of today's rule.) A 
variance may not be granted if the use can be attained, at a minimum, 
by all dischargers implementing effluent limitations required under 
sections 301(b) and 306 of the CWA and the applicant implementing 
reasonable best management practices for nonpoint source control.

[[Page 40439]]

    Under today's rule, a variance may not exceed three years or the 
term of the NPDES permit, whichever is less. A variance may be renewed 
if the permittee again demonstrates that the use in question is still 
not attainable. Renewal of the variance may be denied if EPA finds that 
the conditions of 40 CFR 131.34(c)(3) are not met.
    EPA solicited comment on the need for a variance process for EPA-
promulgated use designations, the appropriateness of the particular 
procedures proposed, and whether the proposed procedures are 
sufficiently detailed. EPA received one comment asserting that this 
process is likely to be cumbersome, expensive, and time consuming. EPA 
disagrees and believes, as described earlier, that authorizing the 
Regional Administrator to grant variance requests should expedite the 
processing of variance requests. EPA will seek to work closely with the 
State permitting authorities to ensure that variance requests are 
considered in tandem with the State NPDES permitting process to prevent 
any unreasonable delay.

D. Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)

    A Total Maximum Daily Load is a tool created by the Clean Water Act 
that expresses the total amount of a given pollutant that a particular 
water body may receive and still achieve applicable water quality 
standards. Section 303(d) of the CWA and its implementing regulations 
at 40 CFR part 130 establish the requirements for TMDLs. The TMDL 
process can broaden the opportunity for public participation, expedite 
water quality-based NPDES permitting, and lead to technically sound and 
legally defensible decisions for attaining and maintaining water 
quality standards. In addition, the TMDL process provides a mechanism 
for integrating the management of both point and nonpoint pollution 
sources that together may contribute to a water body's impairment. (See 
Guidance for Water Quality-based Decisions:, The TMDL Process, EPA 440-
4-91-001, April 1991.)
    EPA recognizes that the waters designated today for primary or 
secondary contact recreation will be subject to water quality criteria 
for fecal coliforms that had not previously been in place for these 
waters. The currently effective water quality criterion for fecal 
coliform adopted by Kansas for the protection of primary contact 
recreation is a geometric mean of 200 organisms per 100 milliliters 
from April 1 through October 31, and 2,000 organisms per 100 
milliliters from November 1 though March 31. The currently effective 
water quality criterion for the protection of secondary contact 
recreation is 2,000 organisms per 100 milliliters all year. EPA further 
recognizes that because fecal coliform criteria will apply to these 
waters where previously there was no applicable fecal coliform water 
quality criteria, it is possible that the State might identify some of 
the waters as impaired in its CWA section 303(d) list(s) and, 
therefore, schedule them for TMDL development. This is particularly an 
issue for streams, because the State's UAAs to date indicate that most 
of the lakes at issue are appropriately designated for primary contact 
recreation, but that many of the streams it examined should not be so 
designated.
    As discussed elsewhere in today's notice, EPA strongly encourages 
the State of Kansas to determine the appropriate uses for all of the 
waters subject to today's promulgation. Kansas is required by State law 
to perform use attainability analyses for all water bodies in its 
Surface Water Register by October 31, 2005. EPA expects that Kansas 
will be able to show that secondary contact recreation is indeed the 
appropriate use designation for many of the streams subject to today's 
rule. If, for example, EPA approves the State's adoption of a secondary 
contact recreation use designation for a water body, and withdraws that 
water body from the Federal regulation, the State's use designation 
will be the applicable use for that water body for all CWA purposes, 
including section 303(d) attainment and listing decisions. In that 
event, Kansas would be required to list waters included in today's rule 
under CWA section 303(d) only if data and information show that it 
exceeds the water quality criterion for fecal coliform for the 
protection of secondary contact recreation uses.
    Similarly, even for waters that are designated for primary contact 
recreation at the time Kansas assembles its CWA section 303(d) list(s), 
EPA notes that Kansas need not include a water on its list(s) if it 
lacks data and information to determine whether the primary contact 
recreation use is being protected, or if the data and information it 
has is insufficient to make that determination. See 40 CFR 130.7(b)(5); 
2002 Integrated Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment Report 
Guidance, at 5 (November 19, 2001). While EPA expects Kansas to follow 
the requirements, if any, of its assessment and listing methodology, 
EPA also recognizes that it is possible that at the time Kansas 
compiles its 2004 CWA section 303(d) list, it will not have data or 
information indicating impairment for many of the waters designated 
today for primary contact recreation. Therefore, it is possible that 
many of these waters will not appear on Kansas' next CWA section 303(d) 
list.
    Even if Kansas does list waters subject to today's rule on its CWA 
section 303(d) list(s) because data or information indicate that water 
quality standards are not been achieved, EPA also recognizes that this 
listing decision does not mean that a TMDL will immediately be 
developed. Rather, CWA section 303(d)(1) specifically provides States 
with the discretion to establish a priority ranking for TMDL 
development for listed waters, and then to establish TMDLs in 
accordance with that ranking. In view of the fact that by October 31, 
2005, Kansas is required by State law to perform use attainability 
analyses for each water subject to today's rule, EPA believes it would 
be reasonable for the State to assign a low priority ranking to those 
waters. If Kansas submits and EPA approves new or revised use 
designations for a water, and if that use is being protected, then the 
water would not need to appear on subsequent State CWA section 303(d) 
lists and no TMDL would be required under section 303(d).
    Consequently, because of the State's schedule to conduct additional 
UAAs and the discretion afforded the State in prioritizing TMDL 
development, EPA does not believe that TMDLs are likely to be developed 
for many of these waters in the near future. Finally, EPA notes that 
even if Kansas establishes a TMDL for a water designated today for 
primary or secondary contact recreation, the question of implementing 
the TMDL with respect to nonpoint sources is entirely a matter of State 
law.

VII. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

A. Executive Order 12866: Regulatory Planning and Review

    Under Executive Order 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993), the 
Agency must determine whether the regulatory action is ``significant'' 
and therefore subject to Office of Management and Budget (OMB) review 
and the requirements of the Executive Order. The Executive Order 
defines ``significant regulatory action'' as one that is likely to 
result in a rule that may:
    (1) Have an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more or 
adversely affect in a material way the economy, a sector of the 
economy, productivity, competition, jobs, the environment, public 
health or safety, or State, local, or Tribal governments or 
communities;

[[Page 40440]]

    (2) Create a serious inconsistency or otherwise interfere with an 
action taken or planned by another agency;
    (3) Materially alter the budgetary impact of entitlements, grants, 
user fees, or loan programs or the rights and obligations of recipients 
thereof; or
    (4) Raise novel legal or policy issues arising out of legal 
mandates, the President's priorities, or the principles set forth in 
the Executive Order.
    It has been determined that this rule is not a ``significant 
regulatory action'' under the terms of Executive Order 12866 and is 
therefore not subject to Office of Management and Budget review.

B. Paperwork Reduction Act

    This final action does not impose an information collection burden 
under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act, 44 U.S.C. 3501 et 
seq. The final rule does not include any information collection, 
reporting, or recordkeeping requirements.
    Burden means the total time, effort, or financial resources 
expended by persons to generate, maintain, retain, or disclose or 
provide information to or for a Federal agency. This includes the time 
needed to review instructions; develop, acquire, install, and utilize 
technology and systems for the purposes of collecting, validating, and 
verifying information, processing and maintaining information, and 
disclosing and providing information; adjust the existing ways to 
comply with any previously applicable instructions and requirements; 
train personnel to be able to respond to a collection of information; 
search data sources; complete and review the collection of information; 
and transmit or otherwise disclose the information.
    An agency may not conduct or sponsor, and a person is not required 
to respond to a collection of information unless it displays a 
currently valid OMB control number. The OMB control numbers for EPA's 
regulations in 40 CFR are listed in 40 CFR part 9.

C. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (RFA) as amended by the Small 
Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA) (5 U.S.C. 
601 et seq.), generally requires an agency to prepare a regulatory 
flexibility analysis of any rule subject to notice and comment 
rulemaking requirements under the Administrative Procedure Act or any 
other statute unless the agency certifies that the rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. 
Small entities include small businesses, small organizations and small 
governmental jurisdictions.
    For purposes of assessing the impacts of today's final rule on 
small entities, a small entity is defined as: (1) A small business 
according to RFA default definitions for small business (based on SBA 
size standards); (2) a small governmental jurisdiction that is a 
government of a city, county, town, school district or special district 
with a population of less than 50,000; and (3) a small organization 
that is any not-for-profit enterprise which is independently owned and 
operated and is not dominant in its field.
    After considering the economic impacts of today's final rule on 
small entities, I certify that this action will not have a significant 
economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This final 
rule will not impose any requirements on small entities.
    The RFA requires analysis of the impacts of a rule on the small 
entities subject to the rule's requirements. See United States 
Distribution Companies v. FERC, 88 F.3d 1105, 1170 (DC Cir. 1996). 
Today's final rule establishes no requirements applicable to small 
entities, and so is not susceptible to regulatory flexibility analysis 
as prescribed by the RFA. (``[N]o [regulatory flexibility] analysis is 
necessary when an agency determines that the rule will not have a 
significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities 
that are subject to the requirements of the rule,'' United Distribution 
at 1170, quoting Mid-Tex Elec. Co-op v. FERC, 773 F.2d 327, 342 (DC 
Cir. 1985) (emphasis added by United Distribution court).)
    Under the CWA water quality standards program, States must adopt 
water quality standards for their waters and must submit those water 
quality standards to EPA for approval; if the Agency disapproves a 
State standard and the State does not adopt appropriate revisions to 
address EPA's disapproval, EPA must promulgate standards consistent 
with the statutory requirements. EPA also has the authority to 
promulgate water quality standards in any case where the Administrator 
determines that a new or revised standard is necessary to meet the 
requirements of the Act. These State standards (or EPA-promulgated 
standards) are implemented through various water quality control 
programs including the NPDES program, which limits discharges to 
navigable waters except in compliance with an NPDES permit. The CWA 
requires that all NPDES permits include any limits on discharges that 
are necessary to meet applicable water quality standards.
    Thus, under the CWA, EPA's promulgation of water quality standards 
establishes standards that the State implements through the NPDES 
permit process. The State has discretion in developing discharge limits 
as needed to meet the standards. While the State's implementation of 
Federally promulgated water quality standards may result in new or 
revised discharge limits being placed on small entities, the standards 
themselves do not apply to any discharger, including small entities.
    Today's final rule, as explained earlier, does not itself establish 
any requirements that are applicable to small entities. As a result of 
this action, the State of Kansas will need to ensure that permits it 
issues include any limitations on discharges necessary to comply with 
the standards established in this rule. In doing so, the State will 
have a number of choices associated with permit writing. While Kansas's 
implementation of the rule may ultimately result in some new or revised 
permit conditions for some dischargers, including small entities, EPA's 
action today does not impose any of these as yet unknown requirements 
on small entities.

D. Unfunded Mandates Reform Act

    Title II of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (UMRA), Public 
Law 104-4, establishes requirements for Federal agencies to assess the 
effects of their regulatory actions on State, local, and Tribal 
governments and the private sector. Under section 202 of the UMRA, EPA 
generally must prepare a written statement, including a cost-benefit 
analysis, for proposed and final rules with ``Federal mandates'' that 
may result in expenditures to State, local, and Tribal governments, in 
the aggregate, or to the private sector, of $100 million or more in any 
one year. Before promulgating an EPA rule for which a written statement 
is needed, section 205 of the UMRA generally requires EPA to identify 
and consider a reasonable number of regulatory alternatives and adopt 
the least costly, most cost-effective or least burdensome alternative 
that achieves the objectives of the rule. The provisions of section 205 
do not apply when they are inconsistent with applicable law. Moreover, 
section 205 allows EPA to adopt an alternative other than the least 
costly, most cost-effective or least burdensome alternative if the 
Administrator publishes with the final rule an explanation of why that 
alternative was not adopted. Before EPA establishes any regulatory 
requirements that may significantly or uniquely affect small 
governments, including Tribal

[[Page 40441]]

governments, it must have developed under section 203 of the UMRA a 
small government agency plan. The plan must provide for notifying 
potentially affected small governments, enabling officials of affected 
small governments to have meaningful and timely input in the 
development of EPA regulatory proposals with significant Federal 
intergovernmental mandates, and informing, educating, and advising 
small governments on compliance with the regulatory requirements.
    Today's final rule contains no Federal mandates (under the 
regulatory provisions of Title II of the UMRA) for State, local or 
Tribal governments or the private sector. The final rule imposes no 
enforceable duty on the State or any local or Tribal government or the 
private sector; rather, this rule promulgates designated uses for 
certain waterbodies in Kansas which, when combined with State-adopted 
water quality criteria, constitute water quality standards for those 
water bodies. The State may use these resulting water quality standards 
in implementing its water quality control programs. Today's final rule 
does not regulate or affect any entity and, therefore, is not subject 
to the requirements of sections 202 and 205 of the UMRA.
    EPA has determined that this final rule contains no regulatory 
requirements that might significantly or uniquely affect small 
governments. The final rule imposes no enforceable requirements on any 
party, including small governments. Thus, this final rule is not 
subject to the requirements of section 203 of UMRA.

E. Executive Order 13132: Federalism

    Executive Order 13132, entitled ``Federalism'' (64 FR 43255, August 
10, 1999) requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure 
``meaningful and timely input by State and local officials in the 
development of regulatory policies that have federalism implications.'' 
``Policies that have federalism implications'' is defined in the 
Executive Order to include regulations that have ``substantial direct 
effects on the States, on the relationship between the national 
government and the States, or on the distribution of power and 
responsibilities among the various levels of government.''
    This final rule does not have federalism implications. It will not 
have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship 
between the national government and the States, or on the distribution 
of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government, 
as specified in Executive Order 13132. The final rule will not affect 
the nature of the relationship between EPA and States generally, for 
the rule only applies to waterbodies in Kansas. Further, the final rule 
will not substantially affect the relationship of EPA and the State of 
Kansas, or the distribution of power or responsibilities between EPA 
and the various levels of government. The final rule will not alter the 
State's authority to issue NPDES permits or the State's considerable 
discretion in implementing these water quality standards. Further, this 
final rule will not preclude Kansas from adopting water quality 
standards that meet the requirements of the CWA. Thus, Executive Order 
13132 does not apply to this final rule.
    Although section 6 of Executive Order 13132 does not apply to this 
rule, EPA did consult with State and local government representatives 
in developing this rule. EPA had regular communications with KDHE, 
including KDHE's submission to EPA of over 500 UAAs that EPA considered 
in developing this rule. In addition, EPA held several meetings and 
phone calls with representatives from KDHE, other State agencies, and 
State legislators to discuss any concerns they had regarding the rule's 
content and EPA's approach to developing the rule. EPA also considered 
comments submitted by municipalities in its development of today's 
rule.

F. Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination with Indian 
Tribal Governments

    Executive Order 13175, entitled ``Consultation and Coordination 
with Indian Tribal Governments'' (65 FR 67249, November 6, 2000), 
requires EPA to develop an accountable process to ensure ``meaningful 
and timely input by tribal officials in the development of regulatory 
policies that have tribal implications.'' ``Policies that have tribal 
implications'' is defined in the Executive Order to include regulations 
that have ``substantial direct effects on one or more Indian tribes, on 
the relationship between the Federal government and the Indian tribes, 
or on the distribution of power and responsibilities between the 
Federal government and Indian tribes.''
    This final rule does not have tribal implications. It will not have 
substantial direct effects on tribal governments, on the relationship 
between the Federal government and Indian tribes, or on the 
distribution of power and responsibilities between the Federal 
government and Indian tribes, as specified in Executive Order 13175. In 
this final action, EPA expressly excludes waters in Indian country. 
Thus, Executive Order 13175 does not apply to this rule.

G. Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children From Environmental 
Health and Safety Risks

    Executive Order 13045: Protection of Children from Environmental 
Health and Safety Risks (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997) applies to any 
rule that: (1) Is determined to be ``economically significant'' as 
defined under Executive Order 12866, and (2) concerns an environmental 
health or safety risk that EPA has reason to believe may have a 
disproportionate effect on children. If the regulatory action meets 
both criteria, the Agency must evaluate the environmental health or 
safety effects of the planned rule on children, and explain why the 
planned regulation is preferable to other potentially effective and 
reasonably feasible alternatives considered by the Agency.
    This final rule is not subject to the Executive Order because it is 
not economically significant as defined in Executive Order 12866, and 
it does not concern an environmental health or safety risk that EPA has 
reason to believe may have a disproportionate effect on children. This 
rule establishes water quality standards to meet the requirements of 
the CWA and the implementing Federal regulations. As part of its 
proposed rule, EPA specifically invited the public to submit or 
identify peer-reviewed studies and data indicating these water quality 
standards are not adequate to protect children's health. No such 
comments were received.

H. Executive Order 13211: Actions That Significantly Affect Energy 
Supply, Distribution, or Use

    This rule is not subject to Executive Order 13211, ``Actions 
Concerning Regulations That Significantly Affect Energy Supply, 
Distribution, or Use'' (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001) because it is not a 
significant regulatory action under Executive Order 12866.

I. National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act

    As noted in the proposed rule, section 12(d) of the National 
Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (NTTAA) Public Law 104-
113, section 12(d) (15 U.S.C. 272 note) directs EPA to use voluntary 
consensus standards in its regulatory activities unless to do so would 
be inconsistent with applicable law or otherwise impractical. Voluntary 
consensus standards are technical standards (e.g., materials 
specifications, test methods, sampling procedures, and business 
practices) that are developed or

[[Page 40442]]

adopted by voluntary consensus standards bodies. The NTTAA directs EPA 
to provide Congress, through the Office of Management and Budget, 
explanations when the Agency decides not to use available and 
applicable voluntary consensus standards.
    This rulemaking does not involve technical standards. Therefore, 
EPA did not consider the use of any voluntary consensus standards.

J. Congressional Review Act

    The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the 
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally 
provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating 
the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, 
to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the 
United States.
    EPA will submit a report containing this rule and other required 
information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and 
the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of 
the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 
60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is 
not a ``major rule'' as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2). This rule will be 
effective August 6, 2003.

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 131

    Environmental protection, Indian-lands, Intergovernmental 
relations, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Water pollution 
control.

    Dated: June 27, 2003.
Christine Todd Whitman,
Administrator.

0
For the reasons set forth in the preamble, EPA amends 40 CFR part 131 
as follows:

PART 131--WATER QUALITY STANDARDS

0
1. The authority citation for part 131 continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.


0
2. Section 131.34 is added to read as follows:


Sec.  131.34  Kansas.

    (a) In addition to the State-adopted use designations, the 
following water body segment in Kansas is designated for an expected 
aquatic life use:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Segment
          Stream segment name               HUC8                         Designated use
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Missouri
                                          Subbasin: Independence-Sugar
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Whiskey Creek.........................     10240011          235  Expected Aquatic Life.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (b) In addition to the State-adopted use designations, the 
following water body segments and lakes in Kansas are designated for 
recreation uses as specified in the following table:

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                       Segment
          Stream segment name               HUC8                         Designated use
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Cimarron
 
                                         Subbasin: Upper Cimarron-Bluff
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Big Sandy Creek.......................     11040008            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Gyp Creek.............................     11040008           25  Secondary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     11040008           14  Secondary Contact Recreation
Kiger Creek...........................     11040008            8  Secondary Contact Recreation
Stink Creek...........................     11040008           17  Secondary Contact Recreation
Two Mile Creek........................     11040008           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                      Subbasin: Lower Cimarron-Eagle Chief
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Anderson Creek........................     11050001           39  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                         Basin: Kansas/Lower Republican
 
                                           Subbasin: Middle Republican
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Antelope Creek........................     10250016           66  Secondary Contact Recreation
Ash Creek.............................     10250016           65  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bean Creek............................     10250016           76  Secondary Contact Recreation
Cora Creek............................     10250016           51  Secondary Contact Recreation
Crow Creek (Crystal Creek)............     10250016           52  Secondary Contact Recreation
Korb Creek............................     10250016           72  Primary Contact Recreation
Long Branch...........................     10250016           68  Secondary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     10250016           53  Primary Contact Recreation
Louisa Creek..........................     10250016           61  Secondary Contact Recreation
Norway Creek..........................     10250016           73  Secondary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek.............................     10250016           75  Secondary Contact Recreation
Rebecca Creek.........................     10250016           39  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10250016           71  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10250016           78  Secondary Contact Recreation
Taylor Creek..........................     10250016           74  Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10250016           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10250016           46  Secondary Contact Recreation
White Rock Creek, North Branch........     10250016           60  Secondary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40443]]

 
Wolf Creek............................     10250016           67  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                           Subbasin: Lower Republican
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cool Creek............................     10250017           50  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, West Branch................     10250017           59  Secondary Contact Recreation
Gar Creek.............................     10250017           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10250017           63  Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10250017           51  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Upper Kansas
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dry Creek.............................     10270101           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Humbolt Creek.........................     10270101           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Kitten Creek..........................     10270101           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Arkansas Creek.................     10270101           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Kitten Creek...................     10270101           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek........................     10270101           20  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Middle Kansas
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Adams Creek...........................     10270102           53  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bartlett Creek........................     10270102           55  Secondary Contact Recreation
Big Elm Creek.........................     10270102           90  Secondary Contact Recreation
Blackjack Creek.......................     10270102           64  Secondary Contact Recreation
Blacksmith Creek......................     10270102          102  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bourbonais Creek......................     10270102           63  Primary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek...........................     10270102           57  Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek............................     10270102           46  Secondary Contact Recreation
Coryell Creek.........................     10270102           94  Secondary Contact Recreation
Cow Creek.............................     10270102           45  Secondary Contact Recreation
Crow Creek............................     10270102           86  Primary Contact Recreation
Darnells Creek........................     10270102           51  Secondary Contact Recreation
Dog Creek.............................     10270102           78  Secondary Contact Recreation
Doyle Creek...........................     10270102           69  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     10270102           79  Primary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek...........................     10270102           92  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     10270102           98  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     10270102          103  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Slough............................     10270102           58  Secondary Contact Recreation
Emmons Creek..........................     10270102           66  Secondary Contact Recreation
French Creek..........................     10270102           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Gilson Creek..........................     10270102           47  Secondary Contact Recreation
Hendricks Creek.......................     10270102           73  Primary Contact Recreation
Hise Creek............................     10270102           43  Secondary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     10270102           20  Secondary Contact Recreation
James Creek...........................     10270102           87  Secondary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek.............................     10270102           52  Secondary Contact Recreation
Johnson Creek.........................     10270102           84  Secondary Contact Recreation
Kuenzli Creek.........................     10270102           82  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Cross Creek....................     10270102           61  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Muddy Creek....................     10270102           99  Primary Contact Recreation
Loire Creek...........................     10270102           80  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     10270102           60  Secondary Contact Recreation
Messhoss Creek........................     10270102           96  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10270102           44  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10270102           56  Secondary Contact Recreation
Muddy Creek, West Fork................     10270102           93  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek........................     10270102           42  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek........................     10270102           77  Secondary Contact Recreation
Nehring Creek.........................     10270102           81  Primary Contact Recreation
Paw Paw Creek.........................     10270102           75  Secondary Contact Recreation
Pleasant Hill Run Creek...............     10270102           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Pomeroy Creek.........................     10270102           59  Secondary Contact Recreation
Post Creek............................     10270102          101  Secondary Contact Recreation
Pretty Creek..........................     10270102           74  Secondary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10270102           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek, East Fork.................     10270102           22  Secondary Contact Recreation
Ross Creek............................     10270102           35  Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     10270102           88  Secondary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     10270102           65  Secondary Contact Recreation
Shunganunga Creek, South Branch.......     10270102          106  Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek...........................     10270102           95  Secondary Contact Recreation
Snokomo Creek.........................     10270102           85  Secondary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40444]]

 
Spring Creek..........................     10270102           48  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270102           54  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270102           76  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270102          105  Secondary Contact Recreation
Sullivan Creek........................     10270102           89  Primary Contact Recreation
Tecumseh Creek........................     10270102          107  Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10270102           71  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10270102            8  Secondary Contact Recreation
Vassar Creek..........................     10270102          100  Secondary Contact Recreation
Vermillion Creek......................     10270102           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10270102           91  Secondary Contact Recreation
Wells Creek...........................     10270102           68  Secondary Contact Recreation
Whetstone Creek.......................     10270102          104  Secondary Contact Recreation
Wilson Creek..........................     10270102           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     10270102           49  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                               Subbasin: Delaware
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Banner Creek..........................     10270103           45  Secondary Contact Recreation
Barnes Creek..........................     10270103           39  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bills Creek...........................     10270103           47  Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek...........................     10270103           44  Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek...........................     10270103           54  Primary Contact Recreation
Burr Oak Branch.......................     10270103            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Catamount Creek.......................     10270103           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, North....................     10270103           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Claywell Creek........................     10270103           56  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     10270103           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek............................     10270103           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Grasshopper Creek.....................     10270103           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Grasshopper Creek.....................     10270103           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Gregg Creek...........................     10270103           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Honey Creek...........................     10270103           55  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Grasshopper Creek..............     10270103           16  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Wild Horse Creek...............     10270103           57  Primary Contact Recreation
Mission Creek.........................     10270103           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Nebo Creek............................     10270103           48  Secondary Contact Recreation
Negro Creek...........................     10270103           43  Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     10270103           41  Secondary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     10270103           36  Secondary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10270103           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10270103           53  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270103           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Squaw Creek...........................     10270103           38  Secondary Contact Recreation
Straight Creek........................     10270103           28  Secondary Contact Recreation
Tick Creek............................     10270103           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10270103           31  Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10270103           51  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolfley Creek.........................     10270103           27  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Lower Kansas
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Baldwin Creek.........................     10270104           69  Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek...........................     10270104           49  Secondary Contact Recreation
Brush Creek, West.....................     10270104           46  Secondary Contact Recreation
Buttermilk Creek......................     10270104           44  Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek............................     10270104           41  Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek............................     10270104           74  Secondary Contact Recreation
Captain Creek.........................     10270104           72  Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek.........................     10270104           79  Secondary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     10270104          383  Primary Contact Recreation
Cow Creek.............................     10270104           58  Secondary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     10270104           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     10270104           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Dawson Creek..........................     10270104           45  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek.............................     10270104           68  Primary Contact Recreation
Full Creek............................     10270104           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Hanson Creek..........................     10270104          437  Secondary Contact Recreation
Hog Creek.............................     10270104           54  Secondary Contact Recreation
Howard Creek..........................     10270104           43  Secondary Contact Recreation
Hulls Branch..........................     10270104           42  Secondary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     10270104           48  Secondary Contact Recreation
Jarbalo Creek.........................     10270104           51  Secondary Contact Recreation
Kent Creek............................     10270104           73  Secondary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40445]]

 
Kill Creek............................     10270104           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cedar Creek....................     10270104           76  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Mill Creek.....................     10270104           78  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Turkey Creek...................     10270104           62  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Wakarusa Creek.................     10270104           71  Primary Contact Recreation
Mission Creek, East...................     10270104           61  Secondary Contact Recreation
Ninemile Creek........................     10270104           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
Ninemile Creek........................     10270104           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Oakley Creek..........................     10270104           56  Secondary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     10270104           50  Secondary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek.........................     10270104           47  Secondary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10270104           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Scatter Creek.........................     10270104           13  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spoon Creek...........................     10270104           75  Secondary Contact Recreation
Stone Horse Creek.....................     10270104           57  Secondary Contact Recreation
Stranger Creek........................     10270104            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Stranger Creek........................     10270104            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Stranger Creek........................     10270104            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Tonganoxie Creek......................     10270104           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Tooley Creek..........................     10270104          379  Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10270104           77  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10270104           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10270104           16  Secondary Contact Recreation
Wakarusa River, Middle Branch.........     10270104           64  Secondary Contact Recreation
Wakarusa River, South Branch..........     10270104           63  Primary Contact Recreation
Washington Creek......................     10270104           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Yankee Tank Creek.....................     10270104           70  Primary Contact Recreation
                                            Subbasin: Lower Big Blue
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ackerman Creek........................     10270205           49  Secondary Contact Recreation
Black Vermillion River, Clear Fork....     10270205            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Black Vermillion River, North Fork....     10270205           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
Black Vermillion River, South Fork....     10270205           12  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bluff Creek...........................     10270205          573  Primary Contact Recreation
Bommer Creek..........................     10270205           40  Secondary Contact Recreation
Busksnort Creek.......................     10270205          566  Secondary Contact Recreation
Carter Creek..........................     10270205           59  Secondary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     10270205           56  Secondary Contact Recreation
Corndodger Creek......................     10270205           52  Primary Contact Recreation
De Shazer Creek.......................     10270205           55  Secondary Contact Recreation
Deadman Creek.........................     10270205           60  Secondary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10270205           36  Secondary Contact Recreation
Dog Walk Creek........................     10270205           53  Secondary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek...........................     10270205           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     10270205           46  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, North......................     10270205           41  Secondary Contact Recreation
Fancy Creek, North Fork...............     10270205           61  Secondary Contact Recreation
Fancy Creek, West.....................     10270205           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Game Fork.............................     10270205           54  Secondary Contact Recreation
Hop Creek.............................     10270205           43  Secondary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     10270205           37  Secondary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek.............................     10270205           57  Secondary Contact Recreation
Johnson Fork..........................     10270205           51  Secondary Contact Recreation
Kearney Branch........................     10270205           58  Secondary Contact Recreation
Lily Creek............................     10270205           39  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Indian Creek...................     10270205           35  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Timber Creek...................     10270205           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Meadow Creek..........................     10270205           34  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mission Creek.........................     10270205           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Murdock Creek.........................     10270205           42  Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     10270205           67  Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek, North....................     10270205           62  Primary Contact Recreation
Perkins Creek.........................     10270205           47  Secondary Contact Recreation
Phiel Creek...........................     10270205           68  Primary Contact Recreation
Raemer Creek..........................     10270205           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Robidoux Creek........................     10270205           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Schell Creek..........................     10270205           45  Primary Contact Recreation
School Branch.........................     10270205           63  Secondary Contact Recreation
Scotch Creek..........................     10270205           38  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270205           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270205           65  Primary Contact Recreation
Timber Creek..........................     10270205           64  Primary Contact Recreation
Weyer Creek...........................     10270205           50  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------

[[Page 40446]]

 
                                           Subbasin: Upper Little Blue
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dry Creek.............................     10270206           41  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                           Subbasin: Lower Little Blue
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ash Creek.............................     10270207           36  Secondary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek..........................     10270207           38  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bolling Creek.........................     10270207           42  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bowman Creek..........................     10270207           21  Secondary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek.........................     10270207           32  Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek............................     10270207           35  Secondary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek............................     10270207           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     10270207           40  Secondary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek..........................     10270207           25  Secondary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     10270207           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Fawn Creek............................     10270207           45  Secondary Contact Recreation
Gray Branch...........................     10270207           27  Secondary Contact Recreation
Humphrey Branch.......................     10270207           24  Secondary Contact Recreation
Iowa Creek............................     10270207           34  Secondary Contact Recreation
Jones Creek...........................     10270207           29  Secondary Contact Recreation
Joy Creek.............................     10270207           13  Secondary Contact Recreation
Lane Branch...........................     10270207           39  Secondary Contact Recreation
Malone Creek..........................     10270207           37  Secondary Contact Recreation
Melvin Creek..........................     10270207           33  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mercer Creek..........................     10270207           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek, South Fork................     10270207           31  Secondary Contact Recreation
Myer Creek............................     10270207           26  Secondary Contact Recreation
Riddle Creek..........................     10270207           17  Secondary Contact Recreation
Rose Creek............................     10270207           12  Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     10270207           19  Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek..........................     10270207           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     10270207           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270207           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10270207           30  Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10270207           41  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                              Basin: Lower Arkansas
 
                                              Subbasin: Rattlesnake
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Spring Creek..........................     11030009            7  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                               Subbasin: Gar-Peace
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gar Creek.............................     11030010            8  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                  Subbasin: Cow
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Blood Creek...........................     11030011           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
Deception Creek.......................     11030011           13  Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030011           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Jarvis Creek..........................     11030011           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cheyenne Creek.................     11030011            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cow Creek......................     11030011            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     11030011           17  Secondary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     11030011           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11030011            4  Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     11030011           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030011           20  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                            Subbasin: Little Arkansas
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beaver Creek..........................     11030012           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek............................     11030012           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030012           22  Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Turkey Creek......................     11030012           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Emma Creek............................     11030012            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Emma Creek............................     11030012            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Emma Creek, West......................     11030012            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Gooseberry Creek......................     11030012           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Horse Creek...........................     11030012           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Jester Creek..........................     11030012            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Jester Creek, East Fork...............     11030012           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Kisiwa Creek..........................     11030012           15  Secondary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40447]]

 
Lone Tree Creek.......................     11030012           20  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     11030012           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Running Turkey Creek..................     11030012           25  Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     11030012           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Sun Creek.............................     11030012           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11030012           12  Secondary Contact Recreation
                                        Subbasin: Middle Arkansas--Slate
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Antelope Creek........................     11030013           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Badger Creek..........................     11030013           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek..........................     11030013           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek..........................     11030013           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Slough............................     11030013           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Slough, South Fork................     11030013           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek..........................     11030013           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030013           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030013           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Gypsum Creek..........................     11030013            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Hargis Creek..........................     11030013           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     11030013           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Negro Creek...........................     11030013           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek.............................     11030013           26  Secondary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     11030013           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030013           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030013           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030013           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030013           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030013           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Winser Creek..........................     11030013           32  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: North Fork Ninnescah
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Crow Creek............................     11030014           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Dooleyville Creek.....................     11030014            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek...........................     11030014           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Ninnescah River, North Fork...........     11030014            1  Primary Contact Recreation
Ninnescah River, North Fork...........     11030014            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Ninnescah River, North Fork...........     11030014            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Red Rock Creek........................     11030014           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11030014           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     11030014            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030014           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11030014            9  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: South Fork Ninnescah
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Coon Creek............................     11030015            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     11030015           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Hunter Creek..........................     11030015           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Mead Creek............................     11030015           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Mod Creek.............................     11030015           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Natrona Creek.........................     11030015          K38  Primary Contact Recreation
Negro Creek...........................     11030015           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Nester Creek..........................     11030015           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Ninnescah River, West Branch South         11030015            5  Primary Contact Recreation
 Fork.
Painter Creek.........................     11030015            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Pat Creek.............................     11030015           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Petyt Creek...........................     11030015           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     11030015           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030015            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Wild Run Creek........................     11030015           16  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                               Subbasin: Ninnescah
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Afton Creek...........................     11030016            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Clearwater Creek......................     11030016            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Clearwater Creek......................     11030016            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030016           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     11030016           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Garvey Creek..........................     11030016           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     11030016           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     11030016           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030016            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11030016           15  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40448]]

 
Turtle Creek..........................     11030016           13  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                               Subbasin: Kaw Lake
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Blue Branch...........................     11060001           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Bullington Creek......................     11060001           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     11060001           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Chilocco Creek........................     11060001           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Crabb Creek...........................     11060001           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Ferguson Creek........................     11060001           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Franklin Creek........................     11060001           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Gardners Branch.......................     11060001           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek...........................     11060001           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Myers Creek...........................     11060001           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     11060001           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Pebble Creek..........................     11060001           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11060001           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Riley Creek...........................     11060001           37  Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek..........................     11060001           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Shellrock Creek.......................     11060001           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     11060001           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek...........................     11060001           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11060001           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11060001           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Wagoner Creek.........................     11060001           36  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                       Subbasin: Upper Salt Fork Arkansas
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ash Creek.............................     11060002           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Sandy Creek.......................     11060002            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Cave Creek............................     11060002           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Deadman Creek.........................     11060002           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Dog Creek.............................     11060002           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Hackberry Creek.......................     11060002           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     11060002            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Inman Creek...........................     11060002           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Mustang Creek.........................     11060002           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Nescatunga Creek, East Branch.........     11060002           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Red Creek.............................     11060002           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11060002           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     11060002           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Yellowstone Creek.....................     11060002           17  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                            Subbasin: Medicine Lodge
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Amber Creek...........................     11060003           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Antelope Creek........................     11060003           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Bear Creek............................     11060003           13  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek..........................     11060003           18  Secondary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     11060003           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood Creek......................     11060003           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     11060003           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Litle Mule Creek......................     11060003            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11060003           21  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, East Branch South..........     11060003           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, North Branch...............     11060003            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek, South Branch...............     11060003            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Bear Creek.....................     11060003           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Lodge River, North Branch....     11060003           24  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek........................     11060003           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     11060003           25  Secondary Contact Recreation
Puckett Creek.........................     11060003           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     11060003           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Soldier Creek.........................     11060003           27  Secondary Contact Recreation
Stink Creek...........................     11060003           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11060003            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Wilson Slough.........................     11060003           23  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                       Subbasin: Lower Salt Fork Arkansas
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Camp Creek............................     11060004           68  Primary Contact Recreation
Cooper Creek..........................     11060004           71  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     11060004           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sandy Creek....................     11060004           39  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40449]]

 
Little Sandy Creek, East Branch.......     11060004           65  Primary Contact Recreation
Osage Creek...........................     11060004           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11060004           70  Primary Contact Recreation
Pond Creek............................     11060004           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Rush Creek............................     11060004           69  Primary Contact Recreation
Salty Creek...........................     11060004           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek...........................     11060004           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek, West.....................     11060004           56  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11060004           66  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     11060004           25  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                               Subbasin: Chikaskia
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Allen Creek...........................     11060005           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Baehr Creek...........................     11060005           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek..........................     11060005           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek..........................     11060005           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Spring Creek......................     11060005           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek..........................     11060005            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Bitter Creek, East....................     11060005           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Blue Stem Creek.......................     11060005           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek.........................     11060005           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Copper Creek..........................     11060005           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11060005           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek............................     11060005           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Fall Creek............................     11060005           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Fall Creek, East Branch...............     11060005           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek...........................     11060005           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Kemp Creek............................     11060005           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek............................     11060005          529  Primary Contact Recreation
Meridian Creek........................     11060005           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek.........................     11060005          512  Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek, East...................     11060005          516  Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek, West...................     11060005          527  Primary Contact Recreation
Red Creek.............................     11060005           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11060005           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Rodgers Branch........................     11060005           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Rose Bud Creek........................     11060005           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Rush Creek............................     11060005           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     11060005           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek, East......................     11060005           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek...........................     11060005           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Shoo Fly Creek, East..................     11060005           19  Secondary Contact Recreation
Shore Creek...........................     11060005           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     11060005           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Skunk Creek...........................     11060005           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Branch.........................     11060005           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Wild Horse Creek......................     11060005           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     11060005           24  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                            Basin: Marais Des Cygnes
 
                                        Subbasin: Upper Marais Des Cygnes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Appanoose Creek.......................     10290101           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Appanoose Creek, East.................     10290101           89  Primary Contact Recreation
Batch Creek...........................     10290101           86  Primary Contact Recreation
Blue Creek............................     10290101           81  Primary Contact Recreation
Bradshaw Creek........................     10290101           75  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     10290101           66  Primary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek..........................     10290101           74  Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek.........................     10290101           70  Primary Contact Recreation
Chicken Creek.........................     10290101           93  Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek............................     10290101           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     10290101           57  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     10290101           95  Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek............................     10290101           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Eightmile Creek.......................     10290101           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Frog Creek............................     10290101           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Hard Fish Creek.......................     10290101           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Hickory Creek.........................     10290101            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Hill Creek............................     10290101           71  Primary Contact Recreation
Iantha Creek..........................     10290101           62  Primary Contact Recreation
Jersey Creek..........................     10290101           76  Primary Contact Recreation
Kenoma Creek..........................     10290101           64  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40450]]

 
Little Rock Creek.....................     10290101           73  Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek............................     10290101          K36  Primary Contact Recreation
Locust Creek..........................     10290101           69  Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek..........................     10290101           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Mosquito Creek........................     10290101           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10290101           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10290101           78  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10290101           91  Primary Contact Recreation
Mute Creek............................     10290101           92  Primary Contact Recreation
Ottawa Creek..........................     10290101          K25  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     10290101            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     10290101           79  Primary Contact Recreation
Popcorn Creek.........................     10290101           87  Primary Contact Recreation
Pottawatomie Creek, North Fork........     10290101           65  Primary Contact Recreation
Pottawatomie Creek, South Fork........     10290101           67  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10290101           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10290101           97  Primary Contact Recreation
Sac Branch, South Fork................     10290101           54  Secondary Contact Recreation
Sac Creek.............................     10290101           60  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     10290101           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     10290101           82  Primary Contact Recreation
Smith Creek...........................     10290101           77  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10290101           84  Primary Contact Recreation
Switzler Creek........................     10290101           80  Primary Contact Recreation
Tauy Creek............................     10290101           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Tauy Creek, West Fork.................     10290101          K26  Primary Contact Recreation
Tequa Creek...........................     10290101           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Tequa Creek, East Branch..............     10290101           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Tequa Creek, South Branch.............     10290101           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Thomas Creek..........................     10290101           72  Secondary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10290101            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10290101            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10290101            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10290101           90  Primary Contact Recreation
West Fork Eight Mile Creek............     10290101           88  Primary Contact Recreation
Willow Creek..........................     10290101           94  Primary Contact Recreation
Wilson Creek..........................     10290101           83  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     10290101           96  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                        Subbasin: Lower Marais Des Cygnes
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Buck Creek............................     10290102           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek............................     10290102           26  Secondary Contact Recreation
Davis Creek...........................     10290102           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Dorsey Creek..........................     10290102           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Branch............................     10290102           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Branch............................     10290102           53  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     10290102           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Hushpuckney Creek.....................     10290102           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Jake Branch...........................     10290102           54  Secondary Contact Recreation
Jordan Branch.........................     10290102           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Bull Creek.....................     10290102           51  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sugar Creek....................     10290102           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sugar Creek, North Fork........     10290102           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Martin Creek..........................     10290102           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek..........................     10290102           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek..........................     10290102           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Mound Creek...........................     10290102           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Richland Creek........................     10290102           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10290102           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Smith Branch..........................     10290102           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10290102           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Sugar Creek...........................     10290102           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10290102           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10290102           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10290102           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10290102           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, North......................     10290102           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, South......................     10290102           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, South......................     10290102           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Wea Creek, South......................     10290102           20  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Little Osage
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Clever Creek..........................     10290103            7  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40451]]

 
Elk Creek.............................     10290103           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Fish Creek............................     10290103            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     10290103           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Irish Creek...........................     10290103            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Laberdie Creek, East..................     10290103           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Limestone Creek.......................     10290103            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     10290103           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Reagan Branch.........................     10290103            6  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                               Subbasin: Marmaton
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Buck Run..............................     10290104           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Bunion Creek..........................     10290104           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     10290104           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Drywood Creek, Moores Branch..........     10290104           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Drywood Creek, West Fork..............     10290104           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     10290104           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
Hinton Creek..........................     10290104           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Lath Branch...........................     10290104           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Mill Creek.....................     10290104           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek............................     10290104            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     10290104           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Paint Creek...........................     10290104           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Paint Creek...........................     10290104           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Prong Creek...........................     10290104           44  Secondary Contact Recreation
Robinson Branch.......................     10290104           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Shiloh Creek..........................     10290104           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Sweet Branch..........................     10290104           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Tennyson Creek........................     10290104           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10290104           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10290104           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10290104           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolfpen Creek.........................     10290104           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolverine Creek.......................     10290104           35  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                              Subbasin: South Grand
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Harless Creek.........................     10290108           67  Primary Contact Recreation
Poney Creek...........................     10290108           48  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Missouri
 
                                              Subbasin: Tarkio-Wolf
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cold Ryan Branch......................     10240005           70  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     10240005           71  Primary Contact Recreation
Halling Creek.........................     10240005           68  Primary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek............................     10240005           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Rittenhouse Branch....................     10240005           69  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10240005           65  Primary Contact Recreation
Striker Branch........................     10240005           72  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf River, Middle Fork...............     10240005           67  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf River, North Fork................     10240005           66  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf River, South Fork................     10240005           57  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10240005           55  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: South Fork Big Nemaha
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Burger Creek..........................     10240007           24  Secondary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10240007           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Fisher Creek..........................     10240007           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Illinois Creek........................     10240007           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Rattlesnake Creek.....................     10240007           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10240007           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Tennessee Creek.......................     10240007           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10240007            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10240007            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     10240007           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     10240007           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Pen Creek........................     10240007           25  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                              Subbasin: Big Nemaha
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Noharts Creek.........................     10240008           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Pedee Creek...........................     10240008           41  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40452]]

 
Pony Creek............................     10240008           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Roys Creek............................     10240008           40  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                          Subbasin: Independence--Sugar
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Brush Creek...........................     10240011           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10240011           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Fivemile Creek........................     10240011           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Independence Creek, North Branch......     10240011           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Jordan Creek..........................     10240011           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     10240011           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     10240011           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     10240011           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Smith Creek...........................     10240011           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Three Mile Creek......................     10240011           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10240011           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10240011           25  Primary Contact Recreation
White Clay Creek......................     10240011           31  Primary Contact Recreation
White Clay Creek......................     10240011         9031  Primary Contact Recreation
Whiskey Creek.........................     10240011          235  Primary Contact Recreation
Whiskey Creek.........................     10240011         9235  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                        Subbasin: Lower Missouri--Crooked
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Brush Creek...........................     10300101           54  Primary Contact Recreation
Camp Branch...........................     10300101           56  Primary Contact Recreation
Coffee Creek..........................     10300101           57  Primary Contact Recreation
Dyke Branch...........................     10300101           55  Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     10300101           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Negro Creek...........................     10300101           58  Primary Contact Recreation
Tomahawk Creek........................     10300101           53  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                  Basin: Neosho
 
                                           Subbasin: Neosho Headwaters
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Allen Creek...........................     11070201            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Badger Creek..........................     11070201           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Big John Creek........................     11070201           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Bluff Creek...........................     11070201            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     11070201           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Dows Creek............................     11070201            3  Primary Contact Recreation
Dows Creek............................     11070201            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek...........................     11070201           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek, South....................     11070201           47  Primary Contact Recreation
East Creek............................     11070201           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     11070201           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek........................     11070201           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek........................     11070201           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Haun Creek............................     11070201           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Horse Creek...........................     11070201           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Kahola Creek..........................     11070201           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Lairds Creek..........................     11070201           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Lanos Creek...........................     11070201           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Lebo Creek............................     11070201           51  Primary Contact Recreation
Munkers Creek, East Branch............     11070201           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Munkers Creek, Middle Branch..........     11070201           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Neosho River, East Fork...............     11070201           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Neosho River, West Fork...............     11070201           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Parkers Creek.........................     11070201           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11070201           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Plumb Creek...........................     11070201           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070201            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070201            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek, East Branch...............     11070201           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070201           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Stillman Creek........................     11070201           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Taylor Creek..........................     11070201           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Walker Branch.........................     11070201           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11070201           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Wrights Creek.........................     11070201           38  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                           Subbasin: Upper Cottonwood
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Antelope Creek........................     11070202           19  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40453]]

 
Bills Creek...........................     11070202           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Bruno Creek...........................     11070202           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Catlin Creek..........................     11070202           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     11070202            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek, East Branch..............     11070202           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     11070202           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood River, South...............     11070202           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood River, South...............     11070202           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Doyle Creek...........................     11070202           21  Primary Contact Recreation
French Creek..........................     11070202           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     11070202            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Perry Creek...........................     11070202           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Branch.........................     11070202           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070202           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070202           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Stony Brook...........................     11070202           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11070202           31  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                           Subbasin: Lower Cottonwood
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beaver Creek..........................     11070203           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Bloody Creek..........................     11070203           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Buck Creek............................     11070203           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Buckeye Creek.........................     11070203           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek............................     11070203           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Camp Creek............................     11070203           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek............................     11070203           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Collett Creek.........................     11070203           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Corn Creek............................     11070203           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Coyne Branch..........................     11070203           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Crocker Creek.........................     11070203           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Dodds Creek...........................     11070203           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Fox Creek.............................     11070203           19  Primary Contact Recreation
French Creek..........................     11070203           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Gannon Creek..........................     11070203           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Gould Creek...........................     11070203           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Holmes Creek..........................     11070203           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Jacob Creek...........................     11070203           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Kirk Creek............................     11070203           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cedar Creek....................     11070203           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cedar Creek....................     11070203           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Creek..........................     11070203            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Mile-and-a-half Creek.................     11070203           13  Secondary Contact Recreation
Moon Creek............................     11070203           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Mulvane Creek.........................     11070203           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Peyton Creek..........................     11070203           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Phenis Creek..........................     11070203           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Pickett Creek.........................     11070203           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Prather Creek.........................     11070203           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070203           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Schaffer Creek........................     11070203           17  Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek..........................     11070203           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Sharpes Creek.........................     11070203           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     11070203           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070203           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Stout Run.............................     11070203           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Stribby Creek.........................     11070203           20  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Upper Neosho
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Badger Creek..........................     11070204           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Creek, North......................     11070204           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Creek, South......................     11070204           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Bloody Run............................     11070204           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Carlyle Creek.........................     11070204           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Charles Branch........................     11070204           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek..........................     11070204           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek............................     11070204            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Cottonwood Creek......................     11070204           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     11070204           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Draw Creek............................     11070204           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek...........................     11070204           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek............................     11070204           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Martin Creek..........................     11070204           49  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40454]]

 
Mud Creek.............................     11070204           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     11070204           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Onion Creek...........................     11070204           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     11070204           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     11070204           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11070204           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070204            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070204           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070204           15  Primary Contact Recreation
School Creek..........................     11070204           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Scott Creek...........................     11070204           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Slack Creek...........................     11070204           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070204           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Sutton Creek..........................     11070204           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Branch.........................     11070204           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11070204           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11070204           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Twiss Creek...........................     11070204           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Varvel Creek..........................     11070204           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Village Creek.........................     11070204           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11070204           37  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Middle Neosho
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bachelor Creek........................     11070205           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Canville Creek........................     11070205           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Center Creek..........................     11070205           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Cherry Creek..........................     11070205            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     11070205           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Denny Branch..........................     11070205           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek.............................     11070205           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     11070205           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Flat Rock Creek.......................     11070205           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Flat Rock Creek.......................     11070205           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek........................     11070205           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Grindstone Creek......................     11070205           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Hickory Creek.........................     11070205           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Lake Creek............................     11070205           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Lightning Creek.......................     11070205            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Lightning Creek.......................     11070205            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Limestone Creek.......................     11070205            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Cherry Creek...................     11070205           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Elk Creek......................     11070205           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Fly Creek......................     11070205           26  Secondary Contact Recreation
Little Labette Creek..................     11070205           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Walnut Creek...................     11070205           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Litup Creek...........................     11070205           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek........................     11070205           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Murphy Creek..........................     11070205           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Ogeese Creek..........................     11070205           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Pecan Creek...........................     11070205           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11070205           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070205           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070205           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Stink Branch..........................     11070205           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Thunderbolt Creek.....................     11070205           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Tolen Creek...........................     11070205           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Town Creek............................     11070205           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11070205           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     11070205           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11070205           33  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: Lake O' the Cherokees
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Fourmile Creek........................     11070206           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Tar Creek.............................     11070206           19  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                Subbasin: Spring
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Little Shawnee Creek..................     11070207           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Long Branch...........................     11070207           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Shawnee Creek.........................     11070207           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Taylor Branch.........................     11070207           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Willow Creek..........................     11070207           20  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------

[[Page 40455]]

 
                                            Basin: Smoky Hill/Saline
 
                                           Subbasin: Middle Smoky Hill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ash Creek.............................     10260006           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Timber Creek......................     10260006           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Timber Creek......................     10260006           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Timber Creek......................     10260006           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Blood Creek...........................     10260006           35  Secondary Contact Recreation
Buck Creek............................     10260006           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek.........................     10260006            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     10260006           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Coal Creek............................     10260006           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Cow Creek.............................     10260006           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek...........................     10260006           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Fossil Creek..........................     10260006           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Goose Creek...........................     10260006           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Landon Creek..........................     10260006           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Loss Creek............................     10260006           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10260006           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Oxide Creek...........................     10260006           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Sellens Creek.........................     10260006           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Shelter Creek.........................     10260006           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Skunk Creek...........................     10260006           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260006           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Timber Creek..........................     10260006           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10260006           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260006           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260006           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260006           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Wilson Creek..........................     10260006           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     10260006           36  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                           Subbasin: Lower Smoky Hill
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Basket Creek..........................     10260008           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Battle Creek..........................     10260008           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Carry Creek...........................     10260008           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Carry Creek...........................     10260008           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Chapman Creek, West...................     10260008            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     10260008           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek, East.......................     10260008           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Hobbs Creek...........................     10260008           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Holland Creek.........................     10260008           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Holland Creek, East...................     10260008           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Holland Creek, West...................     10260008           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Kentucky Creek........................     10260008           17  Secondary Contact Recreation
Kentucky Creek, West..................     10260008           54  Primary Contact Recreation
Lone Tree Creek.......................     10260008           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Lyon Creek, West Branch...............     10260008           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Mcallister Creek......................     10260008           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Middle Branch.........................     10260008           58  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     10260008            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     10260008           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Paint Creek...........................     10260008           52  Secondary Contact Recreation
Pewee Creek...........................     10260008           56  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     10260008           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Sharps Creek..........................     10260008           16  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260008           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Stag Creek............................     10260008           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10260008           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     10260008           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek, East....................     10260008           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek, West Branch.............     10260008           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260008           K3  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260008           K4  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260008          K24  Primary Contact Recreation
Wiley Creek...........................     10260008           47  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Upper Saline
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cedar Creek...........................     10260009           30  Secondary Contact Recreation
Chalk Creek...........................     10260009           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Coyote Creek..........................     10260009           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Eagle Creek...........................     10260009            6  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40456]]

 
Happy Creek...........................     10260009           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Paradise Creek........................     10260009            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     10260009           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek, East....................     10260009           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Sweetwater Creek......................     10260009           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Trego Creek...........................     10260009           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Unnamed Stream........................     10260009           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Wild Horse Creek......................     10260009           27  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Lower Saline
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bacon Creek...........................     10260010            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Blue Stem Creek.......................     10260010           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     10260010           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     10260010           29  Secondary Contact Recreation
Eff Creek.............................     10260010           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Elkhorn Creek.........................     10260010           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Elkhorn Creek, West...................     10260010           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek........................     10260010           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     10260010           34  Secondary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     10260010           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Owl Creek.............................     10260010           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Ralston Creek.........................     10260010           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Shaw Creek............................     10260010           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Spillman Creek........................     10260010            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Spillman Creek, North Branch..........     10260010            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260010           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260010           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260010           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260010           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260010           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260010           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Table Rock Creek......................     10260010           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Trail Creek...........................     10260010           32  Secondary Contact Recreation
Twelvemile Creek......................     10260010           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Twin Creek, West......................     10260010           37  Secondary Contact Recreation
West Spring Creek.....................     10260010           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     10260010           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek, East Fork.................     10260010           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek, West Fork.................     10260010           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Yauger Creek..........................     10260010           35  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Solomon
 
                                       Subbasin: Upper North Fork Solomon
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ash Creek.............................     10260011           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek..........................     10260011           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Timber Creek......................     10260011            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Bow Creek.............................     10260011           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Cactus Creek..........................     10260011           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     10260011            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek.............................     10260011           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Elk Creek, East.......................     10260011           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Game Creek............................     10260011           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Game Creek............................     10260011           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     10260011           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     10260011           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Scull Creek...........................     10260011           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260011           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     10260011           22  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                       Subbasin: Lower North Fork Solomon
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beaver Creek..........................     10260012           10  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, East Branch.............     10260012           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, Middle..................     10260012           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, Middle..................     10260012           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Beaver Creek, West....................     10260012           14  Secondary Contact Recreation
Big Creek.............................     10260012           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Boughton Creek........................     10260012           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Buck Creek............................     10260012           43  Secondary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     10260012           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     10260012           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, East.....................     10260012           17  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40457]]

 
Cedar Creek, East Middle..............     10260012           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek, Middle...................     10260012           19  Secondary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10260012           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10260012           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10260012           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10260012           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     10260012           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     10260012           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Glen Rock Creek.......................     10260012           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Lawrence Creek........................     10260012           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Lindley Creek.........................     10260012           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Oak Creek......................     10260012            3  Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Creek........................     10260012           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek.............................     10260012            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek.............................     10260012            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek, East.......................     10260012           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Oak Creek, West.......................     10260012           39  Secondary Contact Recreation
Plotner Creek.........................     10260012           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     10260012           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260012            8  Secondary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     10260012           28  Secondary Contact Recreation
Starvation Creek......................     10260012           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Turner Creek..........................     10260012           24  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                       Subbasin: Upper South Fork Solomon
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Spring Creek..........................     10260013            5  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                       Subbasin: Lower South Fork Solomon
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ash Creek.............................     10260014           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Boxelder Creek........................     10260014           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Carr Creek............................     10260014           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Covert Creek..........................     10260014           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     10260014           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Dibble Creek..........................     10260014           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     10260014           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek.............................     10260014           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Kill Creek............................     10260014           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Kill Creek, East......................     10260014           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Lost Creek............................     10260014           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Lucky Creek...........................     10260014           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Creek........................     10260014           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Medicine Creek........................     10260014           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Robbers Roost Creek...................     10260014           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Twin Creek............................     10260014           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Twin Creek, East......................     10260014           29  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Subbasin: Solomon River
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cow Creek.............................     10260015           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Fifth Creek...........................     10260015           45  Secondary Contact Recreation
Granite Creek.........................     10260015           24  Secondary Contact Recreation
Leban Creek...........................     10260015           41  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mill Creek............................     10260015           38  Secondary Contact Recreation
Mulberry Creek........................     10260015           36  Secondary Contact Recreation
Pipe Creek............................     10260015            9  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     10260015           26  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                              Basin: Upper Arkansas
 
                                                Subbasin: Buckner
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Buckner Creek, South Fork.............     11030006            6  Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek............................     11030006            8  Secondary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     11030006            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Saw Log Creek.........................     11030006            3  Primary Contact Recreation
Saw Log Creek.........................     11030006            4  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                          Subbasin: Lower Walnut Creek
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alexander Dry Creek...................     11030008            7  Secondary Contact Recreation
Bazine Creek..........................     11030008            9  Secondary Contact Recreation
Boot Creek............................     11030008           15  Secondary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030008           14  Secondary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40458]]

 
Dry Walnut Creek......................     11030008           13  Secondary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     11030008           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     11030008            3  Secondary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek...........................     11030008           11  Secondary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     11030008            1  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     11030008            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     11030008            4  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                             Basin: Upper Republican
 
                                         Subbasin: South Fork Republican
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Big Timber Creek......................     10250003           61  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                Subbasin: Beaver
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Beaver Creek..........................     10250014            2  Secondary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                Basin: Verdigris
 
                                            Subbasin: Upper Verdigris
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bachelor Creek........................     11070101           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Bernard Creek.........................     11070101           24  Secondary Contact Recreation
Big Cedar Creek.......................     11070101           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Brazil Creek..........................     11070101           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek.........................     11070101            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Creek, West...................     11070101           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     11070101           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Chetopa Creek.........................     11070101           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     11070101           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11070101           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Elder Branch..........................     11070101           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Fancy Creek...........................     11070101           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Greenhall Creek.......................     11070101           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Holderman Creek.......................     11070101           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Homer Creek...........................     11070101           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Kelly Branch..........................     11070101           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Kuntz Branch..........................     11070101           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Sandy Creek....................     11070101           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Long Creek............................     11070101           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Miller Creek..........................     11070101           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Moon Branch...........................     11070101           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Onion Creek...........................     11070101           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070101           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Ross Branch...........................     11070101           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Sandy Creek...........................     11070101            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Shaw Creek............................     11070101           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Slate Creek...........................     11070101           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek...........................     11070101           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Tate Branch Creek.....................     11070101           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Van Horn Creek........................     11070101           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Verdigris River, Bernard Branch.......     11070101           16  Primary Contact Recreation
Verdigris River, North Branch.........     11070101           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Verdigris River, North Branch.........     11070101           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     11070101           19  Primary Contact Recreation
West Creek............................     11070101           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11070101           41  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                 Subbasin: Fall
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Battle Creek..........................     11070102           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Burnt Creek...........................     11070102           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     11070102           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     11070102           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     11070102           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Crain Creek...........................     11070102           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Honey Creek...........................     11070102           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Indian Creek..........................     11070102           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Ivanpah Creek.........................     11070102           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Kitty Creek...........................     11070102           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Indian Creek...................     11070102           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Salt Creek.....................     11070102           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Oleson Creek..........................     11070102           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Otis Creek............................     11070102           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11070102           30  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40459]]

 
Rainbow Creek, East...................     11070102           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     11070102           14  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     11070102           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Silver Creek..........................     11070102           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek...........................     11070102           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070102           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Swing Creek...........................     11070102          989  Primary Contact Recreation
Tadpole Creek.........................     11070102           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Watson Branch.........................     11070102           23  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                           Subbasin: Middle Verdigris
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Big Creek.............................     11070103           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Biscuit Creek.........................     11070103           53  Primary Contact Recreation
Bluff Run.............................     11070103           54  Primary Contact Recreation
Choteau Creek.........................     11070103           63  Primary Contact Recreation
Claymore Creek........................     11070103           50  Primary Contact Recreation
Deadman Creek.........................     11070103           57  Primary Contact Recreation
Deer Creek............................     11070103           51  Primary Contact Recreation
Drum Creek............................     11070103           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11070103           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Fawn Creek............................     11070103           56  Primary Contact Recreation
Mud Creek.............................     11070103           59  Primary Contact Recreation
Onion Creek...........................     11070103           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Potato Creek..........................     11070103           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Prior Creek...........................     11070103           62  Primary Contact Recreation
Pumpkin Creek.........................     11070103           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Richland Creek........................     11070103           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070103           58  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070103           61  Primary Contact Recreation
Snow Creek............................     11070103           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070103           55  Primary Contact Recreation
Sycamore Creek........................     11070103           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     11070103           60  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                  Subbasin: Elk
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bachelor Creek........................     11070104           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Bloody Run............................     11070104           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Bull Creek............................     11070104           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Card Creek............................     11070104           19  Primary Contact Recreation
Chetopa Creek.........................     11070104           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     11070104           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Clear Creek...........................     11070104           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Coffey Branch.........................     11070104           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Duck Creek............................     11070104            3  Primary Contact Recreation
Elk River, Mound Branch...............     11070104           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Elk River, South Branch...............     11070104           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Elk River, Rowe Branch................     11070104           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Branch............................     11070104           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Hickory Creek.........................     11070104           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Hitchen Creek.........................     11070104            7  Primary Contact Recreation
Hitchen Creek, East...................     11070104           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Duck Creek.....................     11070104           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Hitchen Creek..................     11070104           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Painterhood Creek.....................     11070104            5  Primary Contact Recreation
Painterhood Creek, East...............     11070104           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Pan Creek.............................     11070104           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Pawpaw Creek..........................     11070104           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Racket Creek..........................     11070104           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070104           13  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek............................     11070104           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Salt Creek, South.....................     11070104           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Skull Creek...........................     11070104           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Snake Creek...........................     11070104           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Sycamore Creek........................     11070104           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     11070104           16  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                 Subbasin: Caney
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bachelor Creek........................     11070106           47  Primary Contact Recreation
Bee Creek.............................     11070106            9  Primary Contact Recreation
California Creek......................     11070106           48  Primary Contact Recreation
Caney Creek...........................     11070106           12  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40460]]

 
Caney River, East Fork................     11070106           52  Primary Contact Recreation
Caney Creek, North....................     11070106           11  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     11070106           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     11070106           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Cheyenne Creek........................     11070106           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Coon Creek............................     11070106           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Corum Creek...........................     11070106           51  Primary Contact Recreation
Cotton Creek..........................     11070106           38  Primary Contact Recreation
Cotton Creek, North Fork..............     11070106           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11070106           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Fly Creek.............................     11070106           46  Primary Contact Recreation
Illinois Creek........................     11070106           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Jim Creek.............................     11070106           49  Primary Contact Recreation
Lake Creek............................     11070106           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Otter Creek...........................     11070106           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Pool Creek............................     11070106           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Possum Trot Creek.....................     11070106           74  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11070106           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070106           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Creek..........................     11070106           53  Primary Contact Recreation
Squaw Creek...........................     11070106           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Sycamore Creek........................     11070106           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Turkey Creek..........................     11070106           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Union Creek...........................     11070106           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11070106           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Wolf Creek............................     11070106           50  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                                  Basin: Walnut
 
                                          Subbasin: Upper Walnut River
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Badger Creek..........................     11030017           36  Primary Contact Recreation
Bemis Creek...........................     11030017            8  Primary Contact Recreation
Cole Creek............................     11030017           15  Primary Contact Recreation
Constant Creek........................     11030017           41  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030017           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Dry Creek.............................     11030017           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Durechen Creek........................     11030017           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Elm Creek.............................     11030017           43  Primary Contact Recreation
Fourmile Creek........................     11030017           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Gilmore Branch........................     11030017           39  Primary Contact Recreation
Gypsum Creek..........................     11030017           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Henry Creek...........................     11030017           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Lower Branch..........................     11030017           42  Primary Contact Recreation
Prairie Creek.........................     11030017           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek............................     11030017           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Sand Creek............................     11030017           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Satchel Creek.........................     11030017           10  Primary Contact Recreation
School Branch.........................     11030017           45  Primary Contact Recreation
Sutton Creek..........................     11030017           40  Primary Contact Recreation
Walnut Creek..........................     11030017           44  Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater Creek......................     11030017           34  Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater Creek, East Branch.........     11030017           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater River, East Branch.........     11030017           22  Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater River, West Branch.........     11030017           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Whitewater River, West Branch.........     11030017           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek.........................     11030017           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Wildcat Creek, West...................     11030017           28  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
                                          Subbasin: Lower Walnut River
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Black Crook Creek.....................     11030018           18  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek...........................     11030018           19  Secondary Contact Recreation
Chigger Creek.........................     11030018           21  Primary Contact Recreation
Crooked Creek.........................     11030018           31  Primary Contact Recreation
Durham Creek..........................     11030018           23  Primary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek...........................     11030018            2  Primary Contact Recreation
Dutch Creek...........................     11030018            4  Primary Contact Recreation
Eightmile Creek.......................     11030018           30  Primary Contact Recreation
Foos Creek............................     11030018           26  Primary Contact Recreation
Hickory Creek.........................     11030018           12  Primary Contact Recreation
Honey Creek...........................     11030018           33  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Dutch Creek....................     11030018           27  Primary Contact Recreation
Lower Dutch Creek.....................     11030018           20  Primary Contact Recreation
Plum Creek............................     11030018           36  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40461]]

 
Polecat Creek.........................     11030018           17  Primary Contact Recreation
Posey Creek...........................     11030018           37  Primary Contact Recreation
Richland Creek........................     11030018           25  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek, North Branch..............     11030018           35  Primary Contact Recreation
Sanford Creek.........................     11030018           29  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Branch.........................     11030018           32  Primary Contact Recreation
Stalter Branch........................     11030018           24  Primary Contact Recreation
Stewart Creek.........................     11030018           28  Primary Contact Recreation
Swisher Branch........................     11030018           22  Primary Contact Recreation
---------------------------------------
    Total = 1186
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              Lake name                            County                           Designated use
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Cimarron
 
                                     Subbasin: Upper Cimarron (HUC 11040002)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Moss Lake East.......................  MORTON.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Moss Lake West.......................  MORTON.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                  Subbasin: North Fork Cimarron (HUC 11040006)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Russell Lake.........................  STEVENS......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                  Subbasin: Upper Cimarron-Bluff (HUC 11040008)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Clark State Fishing Lake.............  CLARK........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Saint Jacob's Well...................  CLARK........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                         Basin: Kansas/Lower Republican
 
                                   Subbasin: Middle Republican (HUC 10250016)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lake Jewell..........................  JEWELL.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                    Subbasin: Lower Republican (HUC 10250017)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Belleville City Lake.................  REPUBLIC.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Wakefield Lake.......................  CLAY.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                     Subbasin: Middle Kansas (HUC 10270102)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Alma City Reservoir..................  WABAUNSEE....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Crest Pond.....................  SHAWNEE......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Central Park Lake....................  SHAWNEE......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Gage Park Lake.......................  SHAWNEE......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Jeffrey Energy Center Lakes..........  POTTAWATOMIE.................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                        Subbasin: Delaware (HUC 10270103)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Atchison County Park Lake............  ATCHISON.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Little Lake..........................  BROWN........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                      Subbasin: Lower Kansas (HUC 10270104)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Douglas County State Lake............  DOUGLAS......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Lenexa Lake..........................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Mahaffie Farmstead Pond..............  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Pierson Park Lake....................  WYANDOTTE....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Waterworks Lakes.....................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                     Subbasin: Lower Big Blue (HUC 10270205)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lake Idlewild........................  MARSHALL.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                   Subbasin: Lower Little Blue (HUC 10270207)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Washington County State Fishing Lake.  WASHINGTON...................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                              Basin: Lower Arkansas
 
                                      Subbasin: Rattlesnake (HUC 11030009)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Kiowa County State Fishing Lake......  KIOWA........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------

[[Page 40462]]

 
                                          Subbasin: Cow (HUC 11030011)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Barton Lake..........................  BARTON.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Sterling City Lake...................  RICE.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                    Subbasin: Little Arkansas (HUC 11030012)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Dillon Park Lakes 1.........  RENO.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Dillon Park Lake 2..........  RENO.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Newton City Park Lake................  HARVEY.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                 Subbasin: Middle Arkansas-Slate (HUC 11030013)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Belaire Lake.........................  SEDGWICK.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Buffalo Park Lake....................  SEDGWICK.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Emery Park...........................  SEDGWICK.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Harrison Park Lake...................  SEDGWICK.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Riggs Park Lake......................  SEDGWICK.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                  Subbasin: South Fork Ninnescah (HUC 11030015)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lemon Park Lake......................  PRATT........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                     Subbasin: Medicine Lodge (HUC 11060003)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Barber County State Fishing Lake.....  BARBER.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                Subbasin: Lower Salt Fork Arkansas (HUC 11060004)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hargis Lake..........................  BARBER.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                            Basin: Marais Des Cygnes
 
                                Subbasin: Upper Marais Des Cygnes (HUC 10290101)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Allen City Lake......................  LYON.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Cedar Creek Lake.....................  ANDERSON.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Crystal Lake.........................  ANDERSON.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Lyon County State Fishing Lake.......  LYON.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Osage City Reservoir.................  OSAGE........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Waterworks Impoundment...............  ANDERSON.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                Subbasin: Lower Marais Des Cygnes (HUC 10290102)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Edgerton City Lake...................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Edgerton South Lake..................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Lake LaCygne.........................  LINN.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Louisburg State Fishing Lake.........  MIAMI........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Miami County State Fishing Lake......  MIAMI........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Paola City Lake......................  MIAMI........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Pleasanton Lake 1...........  LINN.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Pleasanton Lake 2...........  LINN.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Spring Hill City Lake................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                        Subbasin: Marmaton (HUC 10290104)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gunn Park Lake, East.................  BOURBON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Gunn Park Lake, West.................  BOURBON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Rock Creek Lake......................  BOURBON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Missouri
 
                                 Subbasin: South Fork Big Nemaha (HUC 10240007)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pony Creek Lake......................  NEMAHA.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Sabetha City Lake....................  NEMAHA.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                   Subbasin: Independence-Sugar (HUC 10240011)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Atchison City Lakes..................  ATCHISON.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Big Eleven Lake......................  WYANDOTTE....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Doniphan Fair Association Lake.......  DONIPHAN.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Jerrys Lake..........................  LEAVENWORTH..................  Primary Contact Recreation
Lansing City Lake....................  LEAVENWORTH..................  Primary Contact Recreation
South Park Lake......................  LEAVENWORTH..................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------

[[Page 40463]]

 
                                 Subbasin: Lower Missouri-Crooked (HUC 10300101)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Prairie View Park....................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
South Park Lake......................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Stanley Rural Water District Lake      JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
 2.
Stohl Park Lake......................  JOHNSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                                  Basin: Neosho
 
                                    Subbasin: Lower Cottonwood (HUC 11070203)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Peter Pan Pond.......................  LYON.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                      Subbasin: Upper Neosho (HUC 11070204)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Chanute City (Santa Fe) Lake.........  NEOSHO.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Leonard's Lake.......................  WOODSON......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                     Subbasin: Middle Neosho (HUC 11070205)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Altamont City Lake 1........  LABETTE......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Bartlett City Lake...................  LABETTE......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Harmon Wildlife Area Lakes...........  LABETTE......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Mined Land Wildlife Area Lakes.......  CHEROKEE.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Timber Lake..........................  NEOSHO.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: Spring (HUC 11070207)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Empire Lake..........................  CHEROKEE.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Frontenac City Park..................  CRAWFORD.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Mined Land Wildlife Area Lakes.......  CRAWFORD.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Pittsburg College Lake...............  CRAWFORD.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Playters Lake........................  CRAWFORD.....................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                            Basin: Smoky Hill/Saline
                                    Subbasin: Lower Smoky Hill (HUC 10260008)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Herington City Park Lake.............  DICKINSON....................  Primary Contact Recreation
Herington Reservoir..................  DICKINSON....................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                                 Basin: Solomon
 
                                Subbasin: Lower North Fork Solomon (HUC 10260012)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Francis Wachs Wildlife Area Lakes....  SMITH........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                     Subbasin: Solomon River (HUC 10260015)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Jewell County State Fishing Lake.....  JEWELL.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Ottawa County State Fishing Lake.....  OTTAWA.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                              Basin: Upper Arkansas
 
                             Subbasin: Middle Arkansas-Lake McKinney (HUC 11030001)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lake McKinney........................  KEARNY.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                  Subbasin: Arkansas-Dodge City (HUC 11030003)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lake Charles.........................  FORD.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: Pawnee (HUC 11030005)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Concannon State Fishing Lake.........  FINNEY.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Finney County Game Refuge Lakes......  FINNEY.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                        Subbasin: Buckner (HUC 11030006)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Ford County Lake.....................  FORD.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
Hain State Fishing Lake..............  FORD.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                   Subbasin: Upper Walnut Creek (HUC 11030007)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Goodman State Fishing Lake...........  NESS.........................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                   Subbasin: Lower Walnut Creek (HUC 11030008)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Memorial Park Lake...................  BARTON.......................  Primary Contact Recreation

[[Page 40464]]

 
Stone Lake...........................  BARTON.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                                Basin: Verdigris
 
                                    Subbasin: Upper Verdigris (HUC 11070101)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Quarry Lake..........................  WILSON.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Thayer New City Lake.................  NEOSHO.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                    Subbasin: Middle Verdigris (HUC 11070103)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
La Claire Lake.......................  MONTGOMERY...................  Primary Contact Recreation
Pfister Park Lakes...................  MONTGOMERY...................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                         Subbasin: Caney (HUC 11070106)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Caney City Lake......................  CHAUTAUQUA...................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
                                                  Basin: Walnut
 
                                   Subbasin: Lower Walnut River (HUC 11030018)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Butler County State Fishing Lake.....  BUTLER.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
Winfield Park Lagoon.................  COWLEY.......................  Primary Contact Recreation
--------------------------------------
    Total = 100
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (c) Water quality standard variances. (1) The Regional 
Administrator, EPA Region 7, is authorized to grant variances from the 
water quality standards in paragraphs (a) and (b) of this section where 
the requirements of this paragraph (c) are met. A water quality 
standard variance applies only to the permittee requesting the variance 
and only to the pollutant or pollutants specified in the variance; the 
underlying water quality standard otherwise remains in effect.
    (2) A water quality standard variance shall not be granted if:
    (i) Standards will be attained by implementing effluent limitations 
required under sections 301(b) and 306 of the CWA and by the permittee 
implementing reasonable best management practices for nonpoint source 
control; or
    (ii) The variance would likely jeopardize the continued existence 
of any threatened or endangered species listed under section 4 of the 
Endangered Species Act or result in the destruction or adverse 
modification of such species' critical habitat.
    (3) Subject to paragraph (c)(2) of this section, a water quality 
standards variance may be granted if the applicant demonstrates to EPA 
that attaining the water quality standard is not feasible because:
    (i) Naturally occurring pollutant concentrations prevent the 
attainment of the use; or
    (ii) Natural, ephemeral, intermittent or low flow conditions or 
water levels prevent the attainment of the use, unless these conditions 
may be compensated for by the discharge of sufficient volume of 
effluent discharges without violating State water conservation 
requirements to enable uses to be met; or
    (iii) Human caused conditions or sources of pollution prevent the 
attainment of the use and cannot be remedied or would cause more 
environmental damage to correct than to leave in place; or
    (iv) Dams, diversions or other types of hydrologic modifications 
preclude the attainment of the use, and it is not feasible to restore 
the water body to its original condition or to operate such 
modification in a way which would result in the attainment of the use; 
or
    (v) Physical conditions related to the natural features of the 
water body, such as the lack of a proper substrate, cover, flow, depth, 
pools, riffles, and the like unrelated to water quality, preclude 
attainment of aquatic life protection uses; or
    (vi) Controls more stringent than those required by sections 301(b) 
and 306 of the CWA would result in substantial and widespread economic 
and social impact.
    (4) Procedures. An applicant for a water quality standards variance 
shall submit a request to the Regional Administrator of EPA Region 7. 
The application shall include all relevant information showing that the 
requirements for a variance have been satisfied. The burden is on the 
applicant to demonstrate to EPA's satisfaction that the designated use 
is unattainable for one of the reasons specified in paragraph (c)(3) of 
this section. If the Regional Administrator preliminarily determines 
that grounds exist for granting a variance, he shall provide public 
notice of the proposed variance and provide an opportunity for public 
comment. Any activities required as a condition of the Regional 
Administrator's granting of a variance shall be included as conditions 
of the NPDES permit for the applicant. These terms and conditions shall 
be incorporated into the applicant's NPDES permit through the permit 
reissuance process or through a modification of the permit pursuant to 
the applicable permit modification provisions of Kansas' NPDES program
    (5) A variance may not exceed 3 years or the term of the NPDES 
permit, whichever is less. A variance may be renewed if the applicant 
reapplies and demonstrates that the use in question is still not 
attainable. Renewal of the variance may be denied if the applicant did 
not comply with the conditions of the original variance, or otherwise 
does not meet the requirements of this section.

[FR Doc. 03-16924 Filed 7-3-03; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-U