[House Report 117-70]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


                                                   Union Calendar No. 49


 117th Congress  }                                    {   Report
                       HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                    {   117-70
                                     
_______________________________________________________________________

                                          


       INVESTING IN A NEW VISION FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND SURFACE 
                     TRANSPORTATION IN AMERICA ACT

                               ----------                              

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

             COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 3684




 June 22, 2021.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              state of the Union and ordered to be printed
              
              
                             ______                       


             U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 
44-903                 WASHINGTON : 2021 
               
              
              
              
              

       INVESTING IN A NEW VISION FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND SURFACE 
                     TRANSPORTATION IN AMERICA ACT
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                     
                                                  Union Calendar No. 49                                                  
                     
                     
117th Congress  }                                             {  Report
                          HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                 
 1st Session    }                                             {   117-70
_______________________________________________________________________

                                         


       INVESTING IN A NEW VISION FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND SURFACE 
                     TRANSPORTATION IN AMERICA ACT

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

             COMMITTEE ON TRANSPORTATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 3684




 June 22, 2021.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              state of the Union and ordered to be printed
              
              
                             ______                       


             U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 
44-903                 WASHINGTON : 2021      
 
 
 
              
              
              

117th Congress   }                                             {   Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                             {   117-70

======================================================================


 
       INVESTING IN A NEW VISION FOR THE ENVIRONMENT AND SURFACE 
                     TRANSPORTATION IN AMERICA ACT

                                _______
                                

 June 22, 2021.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. DeFazio, from the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 3684]

    The Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, to whom 
was referred the bill (H.R. 3684) to authorize funds for 
Federal-aid highways, highway safety programs, and transit 
programs, and for other purposes, having considered the same, 
reports favorably thereon with an amendment and recommends that 
the bill as amended do pass.

                                CONTENTS

                              ----------                              
                                                                   Page

Purpose of Legislation...........................................   392
Background and Need for Legislation..............................   392
Hearings.........................................................   395
Legislative History and Consideration............................   398
Committee Votes..................................................   413
Committee Oversight Findings.....................................   425
New Budget Authority and Tax Expenditures........................   425
Congressional Budget Office Cost Estimate........................   425
Performance Goals and Objectives.................................   426
Duplication of Federal Programs..................................   426
Congressional Earmarks, Limited Tax Benefits, and Limited Tariff 
  Benefits.......................................................   426
Federal Mandates Statement.......................................   519
Preemption Clarification.........................................   519
Advisory Committee Statement.....................................   519
Applicability to Legislative Branch..............................   521
Section-by-Section Analysis of the Legislation...................   521
Changes in Existing Law Made by the Bill, as Reported............   588
Committee Correspondence.........................................  1489
Minority Views...................................................  1491
    The amendment is as follows:
  Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the 
following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

  This Act may be cited as the ``Investing in a New Vision for the 
Environment and Surface Transportation in America Act'' or the ``INVEST 
in America Act''.

SEC. 2. TABLE OF CONTENTS.

  The table of contents for this Act is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Table of contents.
Sec. 3. References.

  DIVISION A--FEDERAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS FOR FISCAL YEAR 
                                  2022

Sec. 101. Definitions.
Sec. 102. Extension of Federal Surface Transportation programs.
Sec. 103. Additional amounts for the Federal-aid highway program and 
member designated projects.
Sec. 104. Federal Transit Administration.
Sec. 105. National highway traffic safety administration.
Sec. 106. Federal motor carrier safety administration.
Sec. 107. Member designated project authorizations.

                   DIVISION B--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 1001. Applicability of division.

                     TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

           Subtitle A--Authorizations and Program Conditions

Sec. 1101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 1102. Obligation limitation.
Sec. 1103. Definitions and declaration of policy.
Sec. 1104. Apportionment.
Sec. 1105. Additional deposits into Highway Trust Fund.
Sec. 1106. Transparency.
Sec. 1107. Complete and context sensitive street design.
Sec. 1108. Innovative project delivery Federal share.
Sec. 1109. Transferability of Federal-aid highway funds.
Sec. 1110. Tolling.
Sec. 1111. HOV facilities.
Sec. 1112. Buy America.
Sec. 1113. Federal-aid highway project requirements.
Sec. 1114. State assumption of responsibility for categorical 
exclusions.
Sec. 1115. Surface transportation project delivery program written 
agreements.
Sec. 1116. Corrosion prevention for bridges.
Sec. 1117. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1118. Accommodation of certain facilities in right-of-way.
Sec. 1119. Federal grants for pedestrian and bike safety improvements.

           Subtitle B--Programmatic Infrastructure Investment

Sec. 1201. National highway performance program.
Sec. 1202. Increasing the resilience of transportation assets.
Sec. 1203. Emergency relief.
Sec. 1204. Railway crossings.
Sec. 1205. Surface transportation program.
Sec. 1206. Transportation alternatives program.
Sec. 1207. Bridge investment.
Sec. 1208. Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities.
Sec. 1209. Highway safety improvement program.
Sec. 1210. Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement program.
Sec. 1211. Electric vehicle charging stations.
Sec. 1212. National highway freight program.
Sec. 1213. Carbon pollution reduction.
Sec. 1214. Recreational trails.
Sec. 1215. Safe routes to school program.
Sec. 1216. Bicycle transportation and pedestrian walkways.
Sec. 1217. Noise barriers.
Sec. 1218. Safe streets for all.
Sec. 1219. Youth service and conservation corps.

                 Subtitle C--Project-Level Investments

Sec. 1301. Projects of national and regional significance.
Sec. 1302. Community transportation investment grant program.
Sec. 1303. Clean corridors program.
Sec. 1304. Community climate innovation grants.
Sec. 1305. Metro performance program.
Sec. 1306. Gridlock reduction grant program.
Sec. 1307. Rebuild rural bridges program.
Sec. 1308. Parking for commercial motor vehicles.
Sec. 1309. Active connected transportation grant program.
Sec. 1310. Wildlife crossings program.
Sec. 1311. Reconnecting neighborhoods program.
Sec. 1312. Apprenticeship utilization.

   Subtitle D--Planning, Performance Management, and Asset Management

Sec. 1401. Metropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 1402. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 1403. National goals and performance management measures.
Sec. 1404. Transportation demand data and modeling study.
Sec. 1405. Fiscal constraint on long-range transportation plans.

           Subtitle E--Federal Lands, Tribes, and Territories

Sec. 1501. Territorial and Puerto Rico highway program.
Sec. 1502. Tribal transportation program.
Sec. 1503. Tribal High Priority Projects program.
Sec. 1504. Federal lands transportation program.
Sec. 1505. Federal lands and Tribal major projects program.
Sec. 1506. Office of Tribal Government Affairs.
Sec. 1507. Alternative contracting methods.
Sec. 1508. Divestiture of federally owned bridges.
Sec. 1509. Study on Federal funding available to Indian Tribes.
Sec. 1510. GAO study.
Sec. 1511. Federal lands access program.

                   Subtitle F--Additional Provisions

Sec. 1601. Vision zero.
Sec. 1602. Speed limits.
Sec. 1603. Dig Once for broadband infrastructure deployment.
Sec. 1604. Stormwater best management practices.
Sec. 1605. Pedestrian facilities in the public right-of-way.
Sec. 1606. Highway formula modernization report.
Sec. 1607. Consolidation of programs.
Sec. 1608. Student outreach report to Congress.
Sec. 1609. Task force on developing a 21st century surface 
transportation workforce.
Sec. 1610. On-the-job training and supportive services.
Sec. 1611. Appalachian development highway system funding flexibility.
Sec. 1612. Transportation education development program.
Sec. 1613. Working group on construction resources.
Sec. 1614. Numbering system of highway interchanges.
Sec. 1615. Toll credits.
Sec. 1616. Transportation construction materials procurement.
Sec. 1617. Nationwide road safety assessment.
Sec. 1618. Climate resilient transportation infrastructure study.
Sec. 1619. Natural gas, electric battery, and zero emission vehicles.
Sec. 1620. Guidance on evacuation routes.
Sec. 1621. High priority corridors on National Highway System.
Sec. 1622. Guidance on inundated and submerged roads.
Sec. 1623. Dry bulk weight tolerance.
Sec. 1624. Highway use tax evasion projects.
Sec. 1625. Labor standards.
Sec. 1626. Climate resiliency report by GAO.
Sec. 1627. Designation of John R. Lewis Voting Rights Highway.
Sec. 1628. GAO study on capital needs of public ferries.
Sec. 1629. Use of modeling and simulation technology.
Sec. 1630. GAO study on per-mile user fee equity.
Sec. 1631. GAO review of equity considerations at State DOTs.
Sec. 1632. Study on effectiveness of suicide prevention nets and 
barriers for structures other than bridges.
Sec. 1633. Transportation planning activities.
Sec. 1634. Better Utilizing Infrastructure for Lasting Development of 
Veterans Businesses Act.
Sec. 1635. Vehicle weight limitations.
Sec. 1636. Roadway worker protection working group.
Sec. 1637. GAO study on nature-based solutions for coastal highway 
resilience.
Sec. 1638. Prohibition on the use of civil penalties for campaign 
finance.
Sec. 1639. Repeal of pilot program.
Sec. 1640. Technical corrections.

                    TITLE II--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

               Subtitle A--Federal Transit Administration

Sec. 2101. Authorizations.
Sec. 2102. Chapter 53 definitions.
Sec. 2103. General provisions.
Sec. 2104. Miscellaneous provisions.
Sec. 2105. Policies and purposes.
Sec. 2106. Fiscal years 2022 and 2023 formulas.
Sec. 2107. Metropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 2108. Statewide and nonmetropolitan transportation planning.
Sec. 2109. Obligation limitation.
Sec. 2110. Public transportation emergency relief funds.
Sec. 2111. Certification requirements.
Sec. 2112. Hold harmless.
Sec. 2113. Study on accessibility of public transportation.

             Subtitle B--Improving Frequency and Ridership

Sec. 2201. Multi-jurisdictional bus frequency and ridership competitive 
grants.
Sec. 2202. Incentivizing frequency in the urban formula.
Sec. 2203. Mobility innovation.
Sec. 2204. Formula grants for rural areas.
Sec. 2205. One-stop paratransit program.

         Subtitle C--Buy America and Other Procurement Reforms

Sec. 2301. Buy America.
Sec. 2302. Bus procurement streamlining.
Sec. 2303. Bus testing facility.
Sec. 2304. Repayment requirement.
Sec. 2305. Definition of urbanized areas following a major disaster.
Sec. 2306. Special rule for certain rolling stock procurements.
Sec. 2307. Spare ratio waiver.

                     Subtitle D--Bus Grant Reforms

Sec. 2401. Formula grants for buses.
Sec. 2402. Bus facilities and fleet expansion competitive grants.
Sec. 2403. Zero emission bus grants.
Sec. 2404. Restoration to state of good repair formula subgrant.
Sec. 2405. Workforce development training grants.

                   Subtitle E--Supporting All Riders

Sec. 2501. Low-income urban formula funds.
Sec. 2502. Rural persistent poverty formula.
Sec. 2503. Demonstration grants to support reduced fare transit.
Sec. 2504. Equity in transit service planning.
Sec. 2505. GAO study on fare-free transit.

     Subtitle F--Supporting Frontline Workers and Passenger Safety

Sec. 2601. National transit frontline workforce training center.
Sec. 2602. Public transportation safety program.
Sec. 2603. Innovation workforce standards.
Sec. 2604. Safety performance measures and set asides.
Sec. 2605. U.S. Employment Plan.
Sec. 2606. Technical assistance and workforce development.
Sec. 2607. Resilient public transportation study.

               Subtitle G--Transit-Supportive Communities

Sec. 2701. Transit-supportive communities.
Sec. 2702. Property disposition for affordable housing.
Sec. 2703. Affordable housing incentives in capital investment grants.

                         Subtitle H--Innovation

Sec. 2801. Mobility innovation sandbox program.
Sec. 2802. Transit bus operator compartment redesign program.
Sec. 2803. Federal Transit Administration Every Day Counts initiative.
Sec. 2804. Technical corrections.
Sec. 2805. National advanced technology transit bus development 
program.
Sec. 2806. Public transportation innovation.
Sec. 2807. Transit vehicle battery recycling and reuse.

               Subtitle I--Other Program Reauthorizations

Sec. 2901. Reauthorization for capital and preventive maintenance 
projects for Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority.
Sec. 2902. Other apportionments.

                        Subtitle J--Streamlining

Sec. 2911. Fixed guideway capital investment grants.
Sec. 2912. Rural and small urban apportionment deadline.
Sec. 2913. Disposition of assets beyond useful life.
Sec. 2914. Innovative coordinated access and mobility.
Sec. 2915. Passenger ferry grants.
Sec. 2916. Evaluation of benefits and Federal investment.
Sec. 2917. Best practices for the application of National Environmental 
Policy Act of 1969 to federally funded bus shelters.
Sec. 2918. Capital investment grant streamlining.
Sec. 2919. Disposition of rolling stock to improve air quality goals.

                   TITLE III--HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY

Sec. 3001. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 3002. Highway safety programs.
Sec. 3003. Fair and equitable traffic safety enforcement.
Sec. 3004. Highway safety research and development.
Sec. 3005. Grant program to prohibit racial profiling.
Sec. 3006. National safety campaigns.
Sec. 3007. National priority safety programs.
Sec. 3008. Minimum penalties for repeat offenders for driving while 
intoxicated or driving under the influence.
Sec. 3009. National priority safety program grant eligibility.
Sec. 3010. Implicit bias research and training grants.
Sec. 3011. Stop motorcycle checkpoint funding.
Sec. 3012. Electronic driver's license.
Sec. 3013. Motorcyclist Advisory Council.
Sec. 3014. Report on marijuana research.
Sec. 3015. Comptroller General study on national DUI reporting.
Sec. 3016. Report on impaired driving.
Sec. 3017. Impaired driving countermeasure.

                     TITLE IV--MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY

   Subtitle A--Motor Carrier Safety Grants, Operations, and Programs

Sec. 4101. Motor carrier safety grants.
Sec. 4102. Motor carrier safety operations and programs.
Sec. 4103. Immobilization grant program.
Sec. 4104. Operation of small commercial vehicles study.

               Subtitle B--Motor Carrier Safety Oversight

Sec. 4201. Motor Carrier Safety Advisory Committee.
Sec. 4202. Compliance, safety, accountability.
Sec. 4203. Terms and conditions for exemptions.
Sec. 4204. Safety fitness of motor carriers of passengers.
Sec. 4205. Providers of recreational activities.
Sec. 4206. Amendments to regulations relating to transportation of 
household goods in interstate commerce.
Sec. 4207. Broker guidance.

           Subtitle C--Commercial Motor Vehicle Driver Safety

Sec. 4301. Commercial driver's license for passenger carriers.
Sec. 4302. Alcohol and controlled substances testing.
Sec. 4303. Entry-level driver training.
Sec. 4304. Driver detention time.
Sec. 4305. Truck Leasing Task Force.
Sec. 4306. Hours of service.
Sec. 4307. Driver recruitment.
Sec. 4308. Screening for obstructive sleep apnea.
Sec. 4309. Women of Trucking Advisory Board.
Sec. 4310. Application of commercial motor vehicle safety.
Sec. 4311. Use of data.

       Subtitle D--Commercial Motor Vehicle and Schoolbus Safety

Sec. 4401. Schoolbus safety standards.
Sec. 4402. Illegal passing of schoolbuses.
Sec. 4403. State inspection of passenger-carrying commercial motor 
vehicles.
Sec. 4404. Automatic emergency braking.
Sec. 4405. Underride protection.
Sec. 4406. Transportation of horses.
Sec. 4407. Additional State authority.
Sec. 4408. Updating the required amount of insurance for commercial 
motor vehicles.
Sec. 4409. Universal electronic identifier.

                          TITLE V--INNOVATION

Sec. 5001. Authorization of appropriations.

                  Subtitle A--Research and Development

Sec. 5101. Highway research and development program.
Sec. 5102. Materials to reduce greenhouse gas emissions program.
Sec. 5103. Transportation research and development 5-year strategic 
plan.
Sec. 5104. University transportation centers program.
Sec. 5105. Unsolicited research initiative.
Sec. 5106. National cooperative multimodal freight transportation 
research program.
Sec. 5107. Wildlife-vehicle collision reduction and habitat 
connectivity improvement.
Sec. 5108. Research activities.
Sec. 5109. Transportation equity research program.
Sec. 5110. Surface transportation research, development, and 
technology.
Sec. 5111. Metropolitan planning research pilot program.
Sec. 5112. Integrated project delivery.
Sec. 5113. Accelerated implementation and deployment of advanced 
digital construction management systems.

                   Subtitle B--Technology Deployment

Sec. 5201. Technology and innovation deployment program.
Sec. 5202. Accelerated implementation and deployment of pavement 
technologies.
Sec. 5203. Federal Highway Administration Every Day Counts initiative.

                   Subtitle C--Emerging Technologies

Sec. 5301. Mobility through advanced technologies.
Sec. 5302. Intelligent transportation systems program.
Sec. 5303. National highly automated vehicle and mobility innovation 
clearinghouse.
Sec. 5304. Study on safe interactions between automated vehicles and 
road users.
Sec. 5305. Nontraditional and Emerging Transportation Technology 
Council.
Sec. 5306. Surface transportation workforce retraining grant program.
Sec. 5307. Third-party data integration pilot program.
Sec. 5308. Third-party data planning integration pilot program.
Sec. 5309. Automated commercial vehicle reporting.
Sec. 5310. Task Force to Promote American Vehicle Competitiveness.

       Subtitle D--Surface Transportation Funding Pilot Programs

Sec. 5401. State surface transportation system funding pilot.
Sec. 5402. National surface transportation system funding pilot.

                       Subtitle E--Miscellaneous

Sec. 5501. Ergonomic seating working group.
Sec. 5502. Repeal of section 6314 of title 49, United States Code.
Sec. 5503. Transportation workforce outreach program.
Sec. 5504. Advisory council on transportation statistics.
Sec. 5505. GAO review of discretionary grant programs.

                  TITLE VI--MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 6001. National multimodal freight policy.
Sec. 6002. National freight strategic plan.
Sec. 6003. National multimodal freight network.
Sec. 6004. State freight advisory committees.
Sec. 6005. State freight plans.
Sec. 6006. Study of freight transportation fee.
Sec. 6007. National Surface Transportation and Innovative Finance 
Bureau.
Sec. 6008. Transportation equity advisory committee.
Sec. 6009. Sense of Congress.

  TITLE VII--TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE AND INNOVATION ACT

Sec. 7001. Transportation Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act.

             DIVISION C--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS TRANSPORTATION

Sec. 8001. Short title.

                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 8101. Authorization of appropriations.

          TITLE II--HAZARDOUS MATERIALS SAFETY AND IMPROVEMENT

Sec. 8201. Repeal of certain requirements related to lithium cells and 
batteries.
Sec. 8202. Transportation of liquefied natural gas by rail tank car.
Sec. 8203. Hazardous materials training requirements and grants.
Sec. 8204. Lithium battery approval.

                            DIVISION D--RAIL

Sec. 9001. Short title.

                        TITLE I--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 9101. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 9102. Passenger rail improvement, modernization, and expansion 
grants.
Sec. 9103. Consolidated rail infrastructure and safety improvement 
grants.
Sec. 9104. Railroad rehabilitation and improvement financing.
Sec. 9105. Bridges, stations, and tunnels (BeST) grant program.
Sec. 9106. Buy America.

                        TITLE II--AMTRAK REFORMS

Sec. 9201. Amtrak findings, mission, and goals.
Sec. 9202. Amtrak status.
Sec. 9203. Board of Directors.
Sec. 9204. Amtrak preference enforcement.
Sec. 9205. Use of facilities and providing services to Amtrak.
Sec. 9206. Prohibition on mandatory arbitration.
Sec. 9207. Amtrak ADA assessment.
Sec. 9208. Prohibition on smoking on Amtrak trains.
Sec. 9209. State-supported routes operated by Amtrak.
Sec. 9210. Amtrak Police Department.
Sec. 9211. Amtrak food and beverage.
Sec. 9212. Clarification on Amtrak contracting out.
Sec. 9213. Amtrak staffing.
Sec. 9214. Special transportation.
Sec. 9215. Disaster and emergency relief program.
Sec. 9216. Access to recreational trails.
Sec. 9217. Amtrak cybersecurity enhancement and resiliency grant 
program.
Sec. 9218. Amtrak and private cars.
Sec. 9219. Amtrak Office of Community Outreach.
Sec. 9220. Long-distance customer enhancement program.
Sec. 9221. Amtrak carbon-free and renewable energy initiatives.

               TITLE III--INTERCITY PASSENGER RAIL POLICY

Sec. 9301. Northeast Corridor Commission.
Sec. 9302. Northeast Corridor planning.
Sec. 9303. Protective arrangements.
Sec. 9304. Interstate rail compacts.
Sec. 9305. High-speed rail updates.
Sec. 9306. State rail planning formula funds.

                     TITLE IV--COMMUTER RAIL POLICY

Sec. 9401. Sense of Congress regarding commuter rail liability 
insurance.
Sec. 9402. Surface Transportation Board mediation of trackage use 
requests.
Sec. 9403. Surface Transportation Board mediation of rights-of-way use 
requests.

                          TITLE V--RAIL SAFETY

                Subtitle A--Passenger and Freight Safety

Sec. 9501. Study on safety impact of long trains.
Sec. 9502. FRA safety reporting.
Sec. 9503. Waiver notice requirements.
Sec. 9504. Notice of FRA comprehensive safety compliance assessments.
Sec. 9505. FRA accident and incident investigations.
Sec. 9506. Freight train crew size safety standards.
Sec. 9507. Border crossings.
Sec. 9508. Yardmasters hours of service.
Sec. 9509. Leaking brakes.
Sec. 9510. Report on PTC system failures.
Sec. 9511. Fatigue reduction management plans.
Sec. 9512. Assault prevention and response plans.
Sec. 9513. Critical incident stress plans.
Sec. 9514. Crewmember certification and qualification.
Sec. 9515. Safety management team communication.
Sec. 9516. GAO study on reorganization of Office of Railroad Safety.
Sec. 9517. Open-top rail car public input.
Sec. 9518. New passenger service pre-revenue safety validation plan.
Sec. 9519. Safety oversight of nontraditional and emerging rail 
technologies.

                   Subtitle B--Grade Crossing Safety

Sec. 9551. Highway-rail grade crossing separation grants.
Sec. 9552. Rail safety public awareness grant.
Sec. 9553. Establishment of 10-minute time limit for blocking public 
highway-rail grade crossings.
Sec. 9554. National blocked crossing database.
Sec. 9555. Railroad point of contact for blocked crossing matters.
Sec. 9556. National highway-rail crossing inventory review.
Sec. 9557. Railroad trespassing enforcement grants.
Sec. 9558. Railroad trespassing suicide prevention grants.
Sec. 9559. Including railroad suicides.
Sec. 9560. Report on safety measures required for Quiet Zones.

                        TITLE VI--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 9601. Rail network climate change vulnerability assessment.
Sec. 9602. Advance acquisition.
Sec. 9603. University Rail Climate Innovation Institute.
Sec. 9604. Workforce diversity and development.
Sec. 9605. Requirements for railroad freight cars entering service in 
United States.
Sec. 9606. Rail research and development Center of Excellence.
Sec. 9607. Freight railroad locomotive requirements.

SEC. 3. REFERENCES.

  Except as expressly provided otherwise, any reference to ``this Act'' 
contained in any division of this Act shall be treated as referring 
only to the provisions of that division.

  DIVISION A--FEDERAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS FOR FISCAL YEAR 
                                  2022

SEC. 101. DEFINITIONS.

  In this division, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Highway account.--The term ``Highway Account'' means the 
        portion of the Highway Trust Fund that is not the Mass Transit 
        Account.
          (2) Mass transit account.--The term ``Mass Transit Account'' 
        means the portion of the Highway Trust Fund established under 
        section 9503(e)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
          (3) Member designated project.--The term ``member designated 
        project'' means a project listed in the table in section 107.
          (4) Member designated project funds.--The term ``member 
        designated project funds'' means funds reserved under 
        subsections (d)(1)(B)(i), (f)(1)(A), and (g)(1)(A) to carry out 
        member designated projects listed in the table in section 
        107(c).
          (5) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Transportation.
          (6) State.--The term ``State'' means the 50 States and the 
        District of Columbia.
          (7) Territory.--The term ``territory'' means any of the 
        following territories of the United States:
                  (A) American Samoa.
                  (B) The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.
                  (C) Guam.
                  (D) The United States Virgin Islands.

SEC. 102. EXTENSION OF FEDERAL SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAMS.

  (a) Extension of Federal Surface Transportation Programs.--
          (1) In general.--Unless otherwise provided in this division, 
        the requirements, authorities, conditions, eligibilities, 
        limitations, and other provisions authorized under the covered 
        laws, which would otherwise expire on or cease to apply after 
        September 30, 2021, are incorporated by reference and shall 
        continue in effect through September 30, 2022.
          (2) Authorization of appropriations.--
                  (A) Highway trust fund.--
                          (i) Highway account.--
                                  (I) In general.--Except as provided 
                                in subclause (II), there is authorized 
                                to be appropriated from the Highway 
                                Account for fiscal year 2022, for each 
                                program under the covered laws with 
                                respect to which amounts are authorized 
                                to be appropriated from such account 
                                for fiscal year 2021, an amount equal 
                                to the amount authorized for 
                                appropriation with respect to the 
                                program from such account for fiscal 
                                year 2021.
                                  (II) Administrative expenses.--
                                Notwithstanding any other provision of 
                                this division, there is authorized to 
                                be appropriated from the Highway 
                                Account for fiscal year 2022--
                                          (aa) $516,000,000 for 
                                        administrative expenses of the 
                                        Federal Highway Administration, 
                                        as described in section 104(a) 
                                        of title 23, United States 
                                        Code; and
                                          (bb) $30,086,000 for grant 
                                        administrative expenses of the 
                                        National Highway Traffic Safety 
                                        Administration, as described in 
                                        section 4001(a)(6) of the FAST 
                                        Act (Public Law 114-94).
                          (ii) Mass transit account.--
                                  (I) In general.--There is authorized 
                                to be appropriated from the Mass 
                                Transit Account for fiscal year 2022, 
                                for each program under the covered laws 
                                with respect to which amounts are 
                                authorized to be appropriated from such 
                                account for fiscal year 2021, an amount 
                                equal to the amount authorized for 
                                appropriation with respect to the 
                                program from such account for fiscal 
                                year 2021.
                                  (II) Condition for apportionment.--No 
                                funds authorized in this division or 
                                any other Act may be used to adjust 
                                Mass Transit Account apportionments or 
                                withhold funds from Mass Transit 
                                Account apportionments pursuant to 
                                section 9503(e)(4) of the Internal 
                                Revenue Code of 1986 in fiscal year 
                                2022.
                  (B) General fund.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided in 
                        clauses (ii) and (iii), there is authorized to 
                        be appropriated for fiscal year 2022, for each 
                        program under covered laws with respect to 
                        which amounts are authorized to be appropriated 
                        for fiscal year 2021 from an account other than 
                        the Highway Account or the Mass Transit 
                        Account, an amount not less than the amount 
                        authorized for appropriation with respect to 
                        the program under the covered laws for fiscal 
                        year 2021.
                          (ii) Administrative expenses.--
                        Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
                        division, there is authorized to be 
                        appropriated from the general fund of the 
                        Treasury for fiscal year 2022 $131,500,000 for 
                        necessary administrative expenses of the 
                        Federal Transit Administration.
                          (iii) Capital investment grants.--
                        Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
                        division, there is authorized to be 
                        appropriated from the general fund of the 
                        Treasury for fiscal year 2022 $3,250,000,000 to 
                        carry out section 5309 of title 49, United 
                        States Code.
          (3) Use of funds.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
        division, amounts authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 
        2022 with respect to a program under paragraph (2) shall be 
        distributed, administered, limited, and made available for 
        obligation in the same manner as amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated with respect to the program for fiscal year 2021 
        under the covered laws.
          (4) Obligation limitation.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), a program for which amounts are authorized to be 
                appropriated under paragraph (2)(A) shall be subject to 
                a limitation on obligations for fiscal year 2022 in the 
                same amount and in the same manner as the limitation 
                applicable with respect to the program for fiscal year 
                2021 under the title I of the Transportation, Housing 
                and Urban Development, and Related Agencies 
                Appropriations Act, 2021 (Public Law 116-260).
                  (B) Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
                construction programs.--
                          (i) In general.--Notwithstanding any other 
                        provision of this section, section 1102 of the 
                        FAST Act (Public Law 114-94), section 1101 of 
                        title I of division B of the Continuing 
                        Appropriations Act, 2021 and Other Extensions 
                        Act (Public Law 116-159), or title I of the 
                        Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, 
                        and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2021 
                        (Public Law 116-260), for fiscal year 2022, the 
                        obligations for Federal-aid highway and highway 
                        safety construction programs shall not exceed 
                        $46,400,294,311.
                          (ii) Limitation on federal highway 
                        administration administrative expenses.--
                        Notwithstanding any other provision of this 
                        section, of the amount described in clause (i), 
                        for fiscal year 2022 an amount not to exceed 
                        $492,000,000 together with advances and 
                        reimbursements received by the Federal Highway 
                        Administration, shall be obligated for 
                        necessary expenses for administration and 
                        operation of the Federal Highway Administration 
                        or transferred to the Appalachian Regional 
                        Commission for administrative activities 
                        associated with the Appalachian Development 
                        Highway System.
  (b) Nationally Significant Freight and Highway Projects.--Section 
117(d)(2)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended in the matter 
preceding clause (i)--
          (1) by striking ``$600,000,000'' and inserting 
        ``$700,000,000''; and
          (2) by striking ``2021'' and inserting ``2022''.
  (c) Disadvantaged Business Enterprises.--Section 1101(b) of the FAST 
Act (Public Law 114-94) (except for the requirements related to gross 
receipts under paragraph (2)(A)(ii) of such section) shall apply to 
amounts made available under sections 102, 103, 104 of this division.
  (d) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``covered laws'' means 
the following:
          (1) Section 1101 of title I of division B of the Continuing 
        Appropriations Act, 2021 and Other Extensions Act (Public Law 
        116-159).
          (2) Titles I, III, IV, V, and VI of division A of the FAST 
        Act (Public Law 114-94).
          (3) Division A, division B, subtitle A of title I and title 
        II of division C, and division E of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-
        141).
          (4) Titles I, II, and III of the SAFETEA-LU Technical 
        Corrections Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-244).
          (5) Titles I, II, III, IV, V, and VI of SAFETEA-LU (Public 
        Law 109-59).
          (6) Titles I, II, III, IV, and V of the Transportation Equity 
        Act for the 21st Century (Public Law 105-178).
          (7) Titles II, III, and IV of the National Highway System 
        Designation Act of 1995 (Public Law 104-59).
          (8) Title I, part A of title II, title III, title IV, title 
        V, and title VI of the Intermodal Surface Transportation 
        Efficiency Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-240).
          (9) Title 23, United States Code.
          (10) Sections 116, 117, 330, and 5505 and chapters 53, 139, 
        303, 311, 313, 701, and 702 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 103. ADDITIONAL AMOUNTS FOR THE FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAY PROGRAM AND 
                    MEMBER DESIGNATED PROJECTS.

  (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--
          (1) In general.--In addition to amounts authorized under 
        section 102, there is authorized to be appropriated from the 
        Highway Account for fiscal year 2022, for activities under this 
        section, $14,742,808,640.
          (2) Contract authority.--Amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under paragraph (1) shall be available for 
        obligation as if apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, 
        United States Code.
  (b) Obligation Authority.--
          (1) In general.--
                  (A) Amount.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
                law, for fiscal year 2022, obligations for activities 
                authorized under subsection (a) shall not exceed 
                $14,742,808,640.
                  (B) Period of availability.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as provided in clause 
                        (ii), obligation authority made available under 
                        this paragraph shall--
                                  (I) remain available until September 
                                30, 2025; and
                                  (II) be in addition to the amount of 
                                any limitation imposed on obligations 
                                for Federal-aid highway and highway 
                                safety construction programs for fiscal 
                                year 2022 under section 102 or future 
                                fiscal years under any other provision 
                                of law.
                          (ii) Exception.--Except as provided in 
                        subsection (i)(2)(E), obligation authority 
                        associated with a member designated project 
                        shall remain available until expended.
          (2) Distribution of obligation authority.--
                  (A) In general.--Of the obligation authority provided 
                under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall make available 
                to States, Tribes, Puerto Rico, the territories, and 
                Federal land management agencies, during the period of 
                fiscal year 2022, amounts of obligation authority equal 
                to the amounts described in paragraphs (1) through (5) 
                of subsection (c), respectively.
                  (B) Further distribution.--Each State, each Tribe, 
                Puerto Rico, each territory, and each Federal land 
                management agency receiving funds under paragraphs (1) 
                through (5) of subsection (c), respectively, shall 
                receive an amount of obligation authority equal to the 
                funds received under any of such paragraphs.
  (c) Distribution of Funds.--Amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
fiscal year 2022 under subsection (a) shall be distributed as follows:
          (1) $14,343,545,973 to the States.
          (2) $167,481,814 to Tribes.
          (3) $52,400,251 to Puerto Rico.
          (4) $55,012,918 to the territories.
          (5) $124,367,684 to Federal land management agencies.
  (d) Supplemental State Funds.--
          (1) Distribution.--
                  (A) Among states.--Amounts distributed to States 
                under subsection (c)(1) shall be distributed among the 
                States in the same ratio as total State apportionments 
                under section 104(c)(1) of title 23, United States 
                Code, in fiscal year 2022.
                  (B) Within a state.--Of the amount distributed to a 
                State under subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) the amount specified in section 107 for 
                        each member designated project in the State 
                        shall be reserved to carry out such project; 
                        and
                          (ii) any remaining amount shall be available 
                        to the State under paragraph (2).
          (2) Treatment.--Funds made available under paragraph 
        (1)(B)(ii) shall be--
                  (A) available for activities eligible under section 
                133(b) of title 23, United States Code, subject to 
                subsection (c) of such section; and
                  (B) administered as if apportioned under chapter 1 of 
                title 23, United States Code.
  (e) Tribal Funds.--Amounts distributed to Tribes under subsection 
(c)(2) shall be--
          (1) available for activities eligible under the tribal 
        transportation program under section 202 of title 23, United 
        States Code; and
          (2) administered as if allocated under section 202 of title 
        23, United States Code, except that the set-aside described in 
        subparagraph (C) of section 202(b)(3) of such title and 
        subsections (a)(6), (c), (d), and (e) of section 202 of such 
        title shall not apply to such funds.
  (f) Puerto Rico Funds.--
          (1) Distribution.--Of the amount distributed to Puerto Rico 
        under subsection (c)(3)--
                  (A) the amount specified in section 107 for each 
                member designated project in Puerto Rico shall be 
                reserved to carry out such project; and
                  (B) any remaining amount shall be available to Puerto 
                Rico under paragraph (2).
          (2) Treatment.--Funds made available under paragraph (1)(B) 
        shall be--
                  (A) administered as if allocated under section 165(b) 
                of title 23, United States Code;
                  (B) available for activities described under 
                paragraph (2)(C)(iii) of such section; and
                  (C) not subsection to subparagraph (A) or (B) of 
                paragraph (2) of such section.
  (g) Territorial Funds.--
          (1) Distribution.--Of the amount distributed to a territory 
        under subsection (c)(4)--
                  (A) the amount specified in section 107 for each 
                member designated project in the territory shall be 
                reserved to carry out such project;
                  (B) of amounts remaining after the distribution under 
                subparagraph (A), not more than $1,392,918 shall be 
                made available to American Samoa; and
                  (C) any remaining amount shall be available to the 
                territories as described under paragraph (2).
          (2) Treatment.--Funds made available under subparagraphs (B) 
        and (C) of paragraph (1) shall be administered as if allocated 
        under, and available for activities described under, section 
        165(c) of title 23, United States Code.
  (h) Federal Land Management Agency Funds.--
          (1) Distribution.--Amounts distributed under subsection 
        (c)(5) shall be distributed among the Federal land management 
        agencies as follows:
                  (A) $99,494,147 for the National Park Service.
                  (B) $9,949,415 for the United States Fish and 
                Wildlife Service.
                  (C) $6,301,296 for the United States Forest Service.
                  (D) $8,622,826 to be allocated to the remaining 
                Federal land management agencies described in section 
                203(b) of title 23, United States Code.
          (2) Treatment.--Funds made available under paragraph (1) 
        shall be--
                  (A) available for activities eligible under the 
                Federal lands transportation program under section 203 
                of title 23, United States Code; and
                  (B) administered as if allocated under section 203 of 
                title 23, United States Code.
  (i) Member Designated Projects.--
          (1) Treatment.--
                  (A) In general.--Member designated project funds 
                shall be available until expended, except as specified 
                in paragraph (2)(C)(iv).
                  (B) Requirements.--
                          (i) In general.--Except as specified in 
                        paragraph (2)(C)(iv) or clauses (ii) or (iii), 
                        member designated project funds shall be 
                        administered as if apportioned--
                                  (I) for a project eligible under 
                                chapter 1 of title 23, United States 
                                Code, under such chapter;
                                  (II) for a project eligible under 
                                chapter 2 of title 23, United States 
                                Code, under such chapter; or
                                  (III) for a project eligible under 
                                chapter 53 of title 49, United States 
                                Code, under such chapter.
                          (ii) Federal share.--Notwithstanding any 
                        other provision of law, the Federal share of 
                        the cost of a project assisted with member 
                        designated project funds shall be determined in 
                        accordance with section 120 of title 23, United 
                        States Code, or, in the case of a transit 
                        capital project, may be determined in 
                        accordance with section 5323(i)(1) of title 49, 
                        United States Code, if applicable.
                          (iii) Transit projects.--
                                  (I) Transfers.--Member designated 
                                project funds made available for 
                                transit capital and planning projects 
                                may be transferred to, and administered 
                                by, the Secretary in accordance with 
                                section 104(f) of title 23, United 
                                States Code.
                                  (II) Designated recipients.--Member 
                                designated project authorizations 
                                specified in section 107 distributed to 
                                a State for transit capital and 
                                planning projects shall be made 
                                available for obligation to a 
                                designated or direct recipient or 
                                subrecipient under chapter 53 of title 
                                49, United States Code, as specified in 
                                section 107 or, if no such eligible 
                                recipient is identified, to the 
                                designated recipient in the location 
                                specified in such section.
          (2) Repurposing of funds.--
                  (A) In general.--
                          (i) Request.--Beginning on October 1, 2025, 
                        except as described in clause (ii), if less 
                        than 10 percent of the amount reserved for a 
                        member designated project for a State, Puerto 
                        Rico, or territory has been obligated, the 
                        State, Puerto Rico, or a territory, 
                        respectively, may submit to the Secretary, a 
                        request to use, under subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) the unobligated amount reserved 
                                for the member designated project; and
                                  (II) the obligation authority that is 
                                associated with such amount.
                          (ii) Completed projects.--If the project has 
                        been completed and an unobligated amount 
                        remains reserved for a member designated 
                        project, a State, Puerto Rico, or territory may 
                        submit to the Secretary certification that such 
                        project has been completed (and the Secretary 
                        shall verify such completion). Upon 
                        verification, the State, Puerto Rico, or 
                        territory, respectively, may use, under 
                        subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) the unobligated amount reserved 
                                for the member designated project; and
                                  (II) the obligation authority that is 
                                associated with such amount.
                  (B) Considerations.--In making the determination 
                under subparagraph (A)(i), the Secretary shall--
                          (i) consider whether the member designated 
                        project can be completed with the amount 
                        reserved for the member designated project and 
                        other committed funds;
                          (ii) determine whether the public entity 
                        serving as the project sponsor listed in the 
                        Committee Report, or any subsequent report 
                        superceding such Committee Report, accompanying 
                        this Act supports the proposed repurposing; and
                          (iii) ensure that the proposed repurposing 
                        would be used for a project with the same 
                        eligible project type.
                  (C) Treatment.--Funds for which the Secretary 
                approves a request or verifies a completed project 
                under subparagraph (A)--
                          (i) may be used and shall be treated--
                                  (I) for a request by a State, as if 
                                such amount was made available under 
                                subsection (d)(1)(B)(ii);
                                  (II) for a request by Puerto Rico, as 
                                if such amount was made available under 
                                subsection (f)(1)(B); and
                                  (III) for a request by a territory, 
                                as if such amount was made available 
                                under subsection (g)(1)(C);
                          (ii) shall be used within the location 
                        described in subparagraph (D)(ii);
                          (iii) shall be subject to the Federal share 
                        specified in section 120 of title 23, United 
                        States Code, or, in the case of a transit 
                        capital project, may be determined in 
                        accordance with section 5323(i)(1) of title 49, 
                        United States Code, as applicable; and
                          (iv) notwithstanding paragraph (1)(A)(ii), 
                        shall remain available for obligation for a 
                        period of 3 fiscal years after the last day of 
                        the fiscal year in which the Secretary approves 
                        the request.
                  (D) Location of projects.--Funds for which the 
                Secretary approves a request under subparagraph (A) 
                shall--
                          (i) for funds specified in section 107 to be 
                        used within a metropolitan planning area (as 
                        such term is defined in section 134(b) of title 
                        23, United States Code), applied to an activity 
                        within or predominantly serving such 
                        metropolitan area;
                          (ii) for funds specified in section 107 to be 
                        used within a political subdivision of a State, 
                        applied to an activity within or predominantly 
                        serving such political subdivision;
                          (iii) for funds specified in section 107 to 
                        be used within Puerto Rico, applied to an 
                        activity within Puerto Rico; and
                          (iv) for funds specified in section 107 to be 
                        used within a territory, applied to an activity 
                        within such territory.
                  (E) Obligation authority.--Notwithstanding subsection 
                (b)(1)(B)(ii), obligation authority that is repurposed 
                under this paragraph shall remain available for 
                obligation for a period of 3 fiscal years after the 
                last day of the fiscal year in which the Secretary 
                approves the request or verifies the completed project 
                under subparagraph (A).

SEC. 104. FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) All Stations Accessibility Program.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
        subsection to assist eligible entities in financing capital 
        projects to upgrade accessibility for persons with disabilities 
        by increasing the number of covered stations that meet 
        (including exceeding) the new construction standards of title 
        II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
        12131 et seq.).
          (2) Eligible costs.--A grant awarded under this section shall 
        be used on a covered system for the purpose described in 
        paragraph (1) only--
                  (A) for a project to repair, improve, or relocate 
                station infrastructure at a covered station;
                  (B) to develop or modify a plan for pursuing public 
                transportation accessibility projects; or
                  (C) to carry out other projects at covered stations 
                that meet (including exceeding) the new construction 
                standards of title II of the Americans with 
                Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12131 et seq.).
          (3) Eligible facilities.--The Secretary--
                  (A) may not provide a grant awarded under this 
                subsection to upgrade a station that is accessible to 
                and usable by individuals with disabilities, including 
                individuals who use wheelchairs, consistent with 
                current new construction standards under title II the 
                Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 1231 
                et seq.); and
                  (B) may provide a grant to upgrade a station that is 
                not accessible and usable as described in paragraph 
                (1), even if related services, programs, or activities, 
                when viewed in entirety, are readily accessible and 
                usable as so described.
          (4) Application.--To apply for a grant under this subsection, 
        an applicant shall provide to the Secretary such information as 
        the Secretary may require, including, at a minimum, information 
        on--
                  (A) the extent to which the proposed project will 
                increase the accessibility of a covered system;
                  (B) projected improvements in access to jobs, 
                community activities, and essential destinations 
                provided by such project;
                  (C) the applicant's plans to--
                          (i) enhance the customer experience and 
                        maximize accessibility of rolling stock and 
                        stations for individuals with disabilities;
                          (ii) improve the operations of, provide 
                        efficiencies of service to, and enhance the 
                        public transportation system for individuals 
                        with disabilities; and
                          (iii) address equity of service to all riders 
                        regardless of ability, including for riders of 
                        differing abilities that are low-income, 
                        seniors, or riders from communities of color; 
                        and
                  (D) coordination between the applicant and disability 
                advocacy entities.
          (5) Federal share.--The Federal share of the net project cost 
        of a grant provided under this subsection shall be 90 percent. 
        The recipient may provide additional local matching amounts.
          (6) Grant requirements.--Except as otherwise provided under 
        this subsection, a grant provided under this subsection shall 
        be subject to the requirements of section 5307 of title 49, 
        United States Code.
          (7) Grant solicitation.--The Secretary may provide funds 
        authorized under this subsection through 1 or more notices of 
        funding opportunity.
          (8) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
        be appropriated from the Mass Transit Account $1,000,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2022 to provide grants under this subsection.
          (9) Availability of amounts.--Amounts made available under 
        this subsection--
                  (A) shall remain available for 4 fiscal years after 
                the fiscal year for which the amount is made available; 
                and
                  (B) that remain unobligated at the end of the period 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall be made available 
                to other eligible projects.
          (10) Definitions.--In this section:
                  (A) Covered station.--The term ``covered station'' 
                means a rail fixed guideway public transportation 
                station for passenger use constructed prior to the date 
                of enactment of this Act.
                  (B) Covered system.--The term ``covered system'' 
                means a rail fixed guideway public transportation 
                system that was in operation before July 26, 1990.
                  (C) Disability.--The term ``disability'' has the 
                meaning given such term in section 3 of the Americans 
                with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12102).
                  (D) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' 
                means a State or local governmental authority that 
                operates a rail fixed guideway public transportation 
                system that was in operation before July 26, 1990.
  (b) Reducing Transit Deserts.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may make grants under this 
        subsection to eligible recipients for eligible projects to 
        establish new bus service or increase the frequency of bus 
        service.
          (2) Eligible projects.--Eligible projects under this 
        subsection are projects in eligible areas--
                  (A) to establish or enhance bus service with headways 
                equal to or shorter than 20 minutes for at least 18 
                hours per day in neighborhoods lacking such service;
                  (B) to establish or increase express lane transit 
                service that connects communities to jobs and essential 
                destinations, as long as such service will improve 
                mobility or expand affordable transportation options in 
                underserved communities; or
                  (C) to establish or enhance high-quality bus service 
                to community colleges and Minority Serving 
                Institutions, including Historically Black Colleges and 
                Universities.
          (3) Eligible costs.--Eligible costs under this section 
        include--
                  (A) acquisition of vehicles;
                  (B) acquisition, installation, and construction of 
                bus stops, stations, and related infrastructure;
                  (C) construction or expansion of maintenance 
                facilities to support the new or enhanced service;
                  (D) maintenance activities to support the expanded 
                service; and
                  (E) operating expenses for up to 2 years beginning on 
                the first day of revenue service.
          (4) Application.--To apply for a grant under this subsection, 
        an applicant shall provide to the Secretary such information as 
        the Secretary may require, including information on the extent 
        to which the project will--
                  (A) provide reliable and frequent connections to 
                jobs, education and workforce training, and essential 
                destinations;
                  (B) reduce air pollution and greenhouse gas 
                emissions; and
                  (C) support unserved and underserved populations and 
                communities.
          (5) Federal share.--
                  (A) In general.--The Federal share of the net project 
                cost of a capital project carried out using a grant 
                under this subsection shall be 80 percent. The 
                recipient may provide additional local matching 
                amounts.
                  (B) Operating costs.--The Federal share of net 
                operating costs for a project carried out using a grant 
                under this subsection shall be not more than 50 
                percent.
          (6) Grant requirements.--
                  (A) In general.--A grant under this subsection shall 
                be subject to the requirements of section 5307 of title 
                49, United States Code, for eligible recipients, except 
                operating expenses shall be eligible for funding under 
                this subsection for 2 years beginning on the first day 
                of revenue service in urbanized areas with populations 
                greater than 200,000.
                  (B) New or enhanced service.--The new or enhanced 
                service funded under this subsection shall be operated 
                for a period of at least 5 years.
          (7) Grant solicitation.--The Secretary may provide funds 
        authorized under this subsection through 1 or more notices of 
        funding opportunity.
          (8) Justice40 initiative.--In making competitive grants under 
        this subsection, the Secretary shall, to the extent 
        practicable, have a goal that 40 percent of the overall 
        benefits of the Federal investment flow to disadvantaged 
        communities, consistent with sections 219 and 223 of Executive 
        Order 14008 and related regulations, Executive Orders, and 
        administrative guidance.
          (9) Availability of amounts.--Any amounts made available 
        under this subsection--
                  (A) shall remain available for 2 fiscal years after 
                the fiscal year for which the amount is made available; 
                and
                  (B) that remain unobligated at the end of the period 
                described in subparagraph (A) shall be made available 
                to other eligible projects.
          (10) Authorization of appropriations.--There is authorized to 
        be appropriated out of the Mass Transit Account $1,000,000,000 
        for fiscal year 2022 to provide grants under this subsection.
          (11) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  (A) Eligible area.--The term ``eligible area'' means 
                a neighborhood or service area, as defined by the 
                Secretary, within an urbanized area that has a 
                population of more than 100,000 where fewer than 45,000 
                annual fixed route bus vehicle revenue miles per square 
                mile are operated.
                  (B) Eligible recipient.--The term ``eligible 
                recipient'' means--
                          (i) designated recipients that allocate funds 
                        to fixed route bus operators or express lane 
                        transit operators; or
                          (ii) State or local governmental entities 
                        that operate or propose to operate fixed route 
                        bus service or express lane transit.
                  (C) Express lane transit.--The term ``express lane 
                transit'' means an integrated combination of bus rapid 
                transit and tolled managed lanes that allows for 
                limited access entry of toll paying vehicles to 
                restricted lanes, while prioritizing transit's need and 
                use of available capacity in order to improve transit 
                performance.
  (c) Federal Share Adjustments.--
          (1) In general.--In addition to amounts made available under 
        section 5338(b) of title 49, United States Code, and section 
        102(a)(2)(B)(iii) of this division, there are authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2022 such sums as may be necessary 
        to increase the Federal share, at the request of the project 
        sponsor, of a new fixed guideway, a core capacity improvement, 
        or a small starts project that is not open to revenue service 
        and that has received an allocation of funding in fiscal years 
        2019, 2020, or 2021.
          (2) Criteria.--In making allocations under subparagraph (1), 
        the Secretary shall take into consideration the extent to which 
        the project sponsor demonstrates a need for a higher Federal 
        share, including the extent to which--
                  (A) a project sponsor made a local financial 
                commitment that exceeded the required non-Federal share 
                of the cost of the project; and
                  (B) a project sponsor has experienced, as a result of 
                the coronavirus public health emergency.
          (3) Adjustment.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, 
        if a project meets 1 or both of the criteria in paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary shall increase the Federal share of a project 
        under this section by up to 30 percent, up to a maximum of an 
        80 percent Federal share.
          (4) Amount.--Amounts distributed under this subsection shall 
        be provided notwithstanding the limitation of any calculation 
        of the maximum amount of Federal financial assistance for the 
        project for a new fixed guideway, a core capacity improvement, 
        or a small start project.

SEC. 105. NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) Special Funding for Fiscal Year 2022.--
          (1) In general.--
                  (A) Authorization of appropriations.--In addition to 
                amounts authorized under section 102, there is 
                authorized to be appropriated from the Highway Account 
                for fiscal year 2022, for activities under this 
                subsection, $244,514,000.
                  (B) Contract authority.--Amounts authorized under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be available for obligation in 
                the same manner as if such funds were apportioned under 
                chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.
                  (C) Obligation limitation.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, for fiscal year 2022, obligations for 
                activities authorized under this paragraph and 
                obligations for activities authorized under section 
                102(a)(2)(A)(i)(II)(bb) that exceed amounts authorized 
                under section 4001(a)(6) of the FAST Act (Public Law 
                114-94) shall not exceed $247,783,000.
          (2) Distribution of funds.--Amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2022 under paragraph (1) shall be 
        distributed as follows:
                  (A) $105,000,000 for carrying out section 402 of 
                title 23, United States Code.
                  (B) $15,312,000 for carrying out section 403 of title 
                23, United States Code.
                  (C) $19,202,000 for carrying out section 404 of title 
                23, United States Code.
                  (D) $105,000,000 for carrying out section 405 of 
                title 23, United States Code.
  (b) Cooperative Research and Evaluation.--Notwithstanding the 
apportionment formula set forth in section 402(c)(2) of title 23, 
United States Code, and section 403(f)(1) of title 23, United States 
Code, $2,500,000 of the total amount available for apportionment to the 
States for highway safety programs under section 402(c)(2) of title 23, 
United States Code, fiscal year 2022, shall be available for 
expenditure by the Secretary, acting through the Administrator of the 
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, for a cooperative 
research and evaluation program to research and evaluate priority 
highway safety countermeasures.

SEC. 106. FEDERAL MOTOR CARRIER SAFETY ADMINISTRATION.

  (a) Special Funding for Fiscal Year 2022.--
          (1) Authorization of appropriations.--
                  (A) In general.--In addition to amounts authorized 
                under section 102, there is authorized to be 
                appropriated from the Highway Account for fiscal year 
                2022, for activities under this subsection, 
                $209,900,000.
                  (B) Obligation limitation.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, for fiscal year 2022, obligations for 
                activities authorized under this paragraph shall not 
                exceed $209,900,000.
          (2) Distribution of funds.--Amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated for fiscal year 2022 under paragraph (1) shall be 
        distributed as follows:
                  (A) Subject to section 31104(c) of title 49, United 
                States Code--
                          (i) $80,512,000 for carrying out section 
                        31102 (except subsection (l)) of title 49, 
                        United States Code);
                          (ii) $14,208,000 for carrying out section 
                        31102(l) of title 49, United States Code; and
                          (iii) $23,680,000 for carrying out section 
                        31313 of title 49, United States Code.
                  (B) $91,500,000 for carrying out section 31110 of 
                title 49, United States Code.
          (3) Treatment of funds.--Amounts made available under this 
        section shall be made available for obligation and administered 
        as if made available under chapter 311 of title 49, United 
        States Code.
  (b) Administrative Expenses.--The Administrator of the Federal Motor 
Carrier Safety Administration shall ensure that funds made available 
under subsection (a)(2)(B) are used, to the maximum extent practicable, 
to support--
          (1) the acceleration of planned investments to modernize the 
        Administration's information technology and information 
        management systems;
          (2) the completion of outstanding statutory mandates required 
        by MAP-21 (112-141) and the FAST Act (114-94); and
          (3) a Large Truck Crash Causal Factors Study of the 
        Administration.

SEC. 107. MEMBER DESIGNATED PROJECT AUTHORIZATIONS.

  (a) Member Designated Projects.--The amount listed for each member 
designated project in the table in subsection (c) shall be available 
(from amounts made available by paragraphs (1), (3), and (4) of section 
103(c)) for fiscal year 2022 to carry out each such project.
  (b) Savings Clause.--
          (1) Additional information.--In administering member 
        designated projects, the Secretary shall consider the 
        additional information provided in the Committee Report, or any 
        subsequent report superceding such Committee Report, 
        accompanying this Act.
          (2) Subsequent phases.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), nothing 
                in the table in subsection (c), or in the Committee 
                Report, or any subsequent report superceding such 
                Committee Report, accompanying this Act, shall prevent 
                the Secretary, at the discretion of the Secretary, from 
                allowing a subsequent phase of a member designated 
                project to be carried out with funds reserved for such 
                project under subsection (c).
                  (B) Project sponsor concurrence.--The Secretary shall 
                only allow under this paragraph a subsequent phase of a 
                member designated project to be carried out with funds 
                reserved for such project under subsection (c) with the 
                concurrence of the project sponsor for such project 
                listed in the Committee Report, or any subsequent 
                report superseding such Committee Report, accompanying 
                this Act.
          (3) Repurposing.--Nothing in the table in subsection (c), or 
        the Committee Report, or any subsequent report superceding such 
        Committee Report, accompanying this Act, shall prevent funds 
        reserved for a member designated project from being repurposed 
        as described in section 103(i)(2), provided that all 
        requirements in such section are satisfied.
  (c) Project Designations.--The table in this subsection is as 
follows:


----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    No.               Project Name                    City                 State/Territory           Amount
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         1   Cowles Street Reconstruction   Fairbanks                 AK                              7,955,000
         2   Replace Bridge 114.3           Anchorage                 AK                              6,421,200
         3   Seldon Road Extension, Phase   Wasilla                   AK                              5,623,800
              2
         4   Alabama State Highway 77       Southside                 AL                              2,396,200
              Northbound Bridge
              Replacement Project
         5   Lighting and Landscaping on I- Auburn                    AL                              1,840,000
              85 at Exit 57
         6   Realignment of SR-22 to US-    Roanoke                   AL                              8,005,000
              431
         7   Red Bay Interchange Lighting   Red Bay                   AL                                860,000
              at SR-24 (Corr V) and SR-19
         8   Widening of Hwy 411            Moody                     AL                                509,000
         9   Bridge Replacement on CR-39    Montgomery                AL                              2,339,717
        10   Bridge Replacement over        Greene and Pickens        AL                              3,296,963
              Sipsey River                   Counties
        11   Dallas County--Bridge          Dallas County             AL                              6,239,939
              Replacement on SR-14
        12   Resurfacing on US-43           Marengo County            AL                              1,616,000
        13   Resurfacing on US-84           Choctaw County            AL                              1,616,000
        14   Streetscape--Civil Rights      Birmingham                AL                              2,000,000
              District Freedom Trail
        15   Streetscape--Richard           Birmingham                AL                              1,969,664
              Arrington Blvd Safety
              Improvements
        16   Future I-57                    Clay County               AR                             20,000,000
        17   56th Street Roadway Mobility   Phoenix                   AZ                              5,000,000
              and Safety Improvements
        18   5th/6th Street Complete        Tucson                    AZ                              7,000,000
              Streets Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,500,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,500,000
        19   77th Street Access             Scottsdale                AZ                              1,102,748
              Improvements
        20   Chino Road Extension Phase II  Douglas                   AZ                              2,910,000
        21   Cool Pavement Program          Phoenix                   AZ                              3,200,000
        22   Davis Road Mileposts 5 & 13    Tombstone and McNeal      AZ                              4,000,000
        23   Downtown Electric Vehicle      Phoenix                   AZ                              2,400,000
              Charging Stations
        24   Drexel Road Extension and      Tucson                    AZ                              5,000,000
              Bridge Project
        25   Electric Bus Infrastructure    Flagstaff                 AZ                              1,485,000
        26   Flashing Yellow Arrow (FYA)    Glendale                  AZ                                800,000
              Phase III
        27   Grand Canalscape Improvements  Phoenix                   AZ                              5,000,000
              Phase IV: 47th Avenue to
              Interstate 17
        28   Highline Canal Recreational    Guadalupe                 AZ                                501,824
              Path Lighting Replacement
        29   I-10, Loop 202 to SR 387       Phoenix                   AZ                              5,000,000
        30   Intersection Safety            Phoenix                   AZ                              5,760,000
              Improvements at Six High-
              Crash Locations in Phoenix
        31   Kyrene Branch Canal Shared     Chandler                  AZ                              1,758,000
              Use Path
        32   Lone Tree Corridor             Flagstaff                 AZ                              8,000,000
        33   Pathway Project, Baffert Dr    Nogales                   AZ                              1,220,169
              to Nogales High School
        34   Peters Road Widening           Casa Grande               AZ                              5,000,000
        35   San Xavier Road Pedestrian     Tucson                    AZ                                814,000
              Pathway Project
        36   Sonoran Corridor Tier II EIS   Tucson                    AZ                              5,000,000
        37   South Campbell Avenue          Tucson                    AZ                              6,209,831
              Complete Streets Project
        38   Tempe/Mesa Streetcar Rio       Tempe and Mesa            AZ                              4,000,000
              Salado East Extension
        39   Tucson Regional North-South    Tucson                    AZ                              6,512,000
              Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
              Corridor
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,256,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,256,000
        40   US89/ Lake Powell Blvd         Page                      AZ                              5,000,000
              Roundabout
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,500,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,500,000
        41   California State Route 57/60   Diamond Bar               CA                             18,000,000
              Confluence Chokepoint Relief
              Program
        42   Cohasset Road Widening and     Cohasset                  CA                                900,000
              Fire Safety Project
        43   Commerce Center Drive Bridge,  Unincorporated Los        CA                              3,666,666
              Los Angeles County             Angeles County
        44   Creating the Next-Generation   Santa Ana                 CA                              1,280,000
              Santa Ana Regional
              Transportation Center
        45   First Avenue Bridges           Barstow                   CA                              7,000,000
              Replacement over Mojave
              River and Overflows
        46   First Street Pedestrian        Santa Ana                 CA                              4,000,000
              Improvements
        47   Fix 5 Cascade Gateway          Redding                   CA                             15,000,000
        48   Harbor Boulevard Street        Garden Grove              CA                              6,248,303
              Improvements
        49   Intersection Safety            Anaheim                   CA                                750,000
              Improvements Projects
        50   Interstate 10/Wildwood Canyon  Yucaipa                   CA                              1,000,000
              Road Interchange Project
        51   Interstate 15 (I-15)/State     Escondido                 CA                             20,000,000
              Route 78 (SR-78) Managed
              Lanes Project
        52   Interstate 15 Corridor         Corona                    CA                              3,000,000
              Operations Project
        53   National Trail Highway         Victorville               CA                              5,000,000
              Widening
        54   Plant 42 Access and Safety     Palmdale                  CA                              8,666,666
              Enhancements
        55   Quick Fix Circulation          Santa Clarita             CA                              3,666,666
              Improvement Project
        56   Roe Road Extension Project--   Paradise                  CA                              1,800,000
              Phase 1
        57   Scott Road/Bundy Canyon Road   Menifee                   CA                             12,000,000
              Widening Project
        58   Sequoia Avenue Railroad Grade  Simi Valley               CA                              4,000,000
              Crossing Upgrade
        59   Southgate Interchange (EIR     Chico                     CA                              1,800,000
              Only)
        60   SR-210 5th Street Interchange  Highland                  CA                              3,000,000
        61   State Route 41 Excelsior       Fresno County             CA                             20,000,000
              Corridor Project
        62   Temescal Canyon Road Widening  Corona                    CA                              5,000,000
              Project (El Cerrito Segment)
        63   The Anaheim Way: Night Owl     Anaheim                   CA                                650,000
              Transit Service
        64   Transit Security & Operations  Anaheim                   CA                              5,000,000
              Center
        65   US395 Olancha-Cartago 4 Lane   Olancha, Cartago          CA                              2,000,000
              Project
        66   ``I'' Street Operating         San Bernardino            CA                              2,000,000
              Maintenance Facility
              Rehabilitation Project
        67   Street Resurfacing Project     Daly City                 CA                              1,000,000
        68   5 and 134 Freeway Electric     Burbank                   CA                              1,000,000
              Vehicle DC Fast Charging
              Network
             .............................  ........................  ........................          500,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          500,000
        69   7th Street Bridge              Modesto                   CA                              6,500,000
        70   ADA Curb-Ramp and Sidewalk     Long Beach                CA                              1,450,000
              Improvements
        71   Additional Mini Highs at       San Francisco,            CA                                856,000
              Caltrain Stations              Burlingame, San Mateo,
                                             Belmont, Palo Alto,
                                             Mountain View,
                                             Sunnyvale, San Jose,
                                             Morgan Hill, San
                                             Martin, and Gilroy
             .............................  ........................  ........................          306,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          550,000
        72   Agnew Siding Track             Santa Clara               CA                              6,610,000
              Infrastructure Project
        73   Alder Avenue Improvements at   Rialto                    CA                              2,380,000
              SR-210
        74   Altadena Community Safe        Altadena                  CA                                480,000
              Routes to School Plan
        75   Amar Road Complete Streets     La Puente                 CA                              2,250,000
              from Baldwin Park Boulevard
              to Unruh Avenue,
              Unincorporated West Puente
              Valley, CA
        76   Anaheim Street Corridor        Long Beach                CA                             12,000,000
              Improvements
        77   Antioch Bicycle Garden         Antioch                   CA                              2,000,000
        78   Appian Way Pedestrian          El Sobrante               CA                              2,000,000
              Crossing Enhancements
        79   Arcade-Cripple Creek Trail     Citrus Heights and        CA                              1,100,000
              (formerly Electric Greenway    Orangevale
              Trail)
        80   Arrow Highway Median Island    Azusa                     CA                              3,000,000
              Installation Project from
              Azusa Avenue to Citrus
              Avenue
        81   Arrow Highway Rehabilitation   San Dimas                 CA                              1,600,000
              Project from East City Limit
              to West City Limit
        82   Artesia Great Boulevard        Long Beach                CA                              8,000,000
        83   At-grade Caltrain Crossing     San Mateo                 CA                              3,000,000
              Safety Project--E. Bellevue
              Avenue and Villa Terrace
        84   Atlantic Avenue Improvements   Los Angeles               CA                              5,200,000
        85   Atwater-Merced Expressway      Merced                    CA                              2,000,000
              (AME) Phase 1B Right of Way
              acquisition
        86   Azusa Avenue Pedestrian        West Covina               CA                              3,000,000
              Handicap Accessibility &
              Signal Synchronization
              Improvements Project
        87   Bay Bridge Forward - I-80/     Emeryville and Oakland    CA                              3,000,000
              Powell Street Transit Access
              and I-80 Westbound Bus Lane
              Extension
        88   Bay Trail at Shoreline Park    San Leandro               CA                              3,000,000
        89   Bay Trail Connectivity--Vista  Sausalito                 CA                              1,300,000
              Point Bay Trail
        90   Belmont Alameda de las Pulgas  Belmont                   CA                              2,400,000
              Corridor Project
        91   Beverly and Robertson          West Hollywood            CA                              3,000,000
              Boulevards Complete Street
              Improvements
        92   Boulder Creek Complete         Boulder Creek             CA                              1,500,000
              Streets Improvements Project
        93   Broadway Rehabilitation        Glendale                  CA                              2,008,000
              Project
        94   Build a non-motorized multi-   Cayucos                   CA                              4,000,000
              use path along State Route
              1, connecting the
              communities of Morro Bay and
              Cayucos in San Luis Obispo
              County
        95   Bus/Rail Support Facilities    San Diego                 CA                              2,000,000
              and Equipment (Trolley Yard
              Expansion Project)
        96   Cabrillo Mole Phase II         Avalon                    CA                              6,700,000
        97   Caltrain Crossing              San Jose                  CA                                315,000
              Optimization Project
        98   Camino Pablo Pathway           Orinda                    CA                                528,000
              Rehabilitation Project
        99   Capital SouthEast Connector--  Folsom                    CA                              2,000,000
              Segment D3 Class 1 Multi-Use
              Path and Broadband
       100   Central Avenue Safety          Alameda                   CA                              1,800,000
              Improvement Project -
              Additional Roundabout
       101   Central Mobility Hub Pre-      San Diego                 CA                             25,000,000
              Construction Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................       12,500,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................       12,500,000
       102   Chandler Blvd Bike Path Gap    Los Angeles               CA                                400,000
              Closure
       103   Chapman Avenue/Lamplighter     Garden Grove              CA                                400,000
              Street Traffic Signal
       104   Chip Seal Program              Lakeport                  CA                              2,288,000
       105   City of Ojai Electric Trolley  Ojai                      CA                                440,000
       106   City of San Fernando Fixed     City of San Fernando      CA                              1,340,000
              Trolley Service - Electric
              Buses
       107   City of San Fernando Sidewalk  City of San Fernando      CA                                844,800
              Repair Project
       108   City of Vista Sidewalk         Vista                     CA                                820,368
              Improvement Project on
              Nevada Avenue and Lemon
              Avenue
       109   Community Beautification       Glendale                  CA                              2,400,000
              Project
       110   Cool Neighborhood Projects     Los Angeles               CA                              1,000,000
       111   Covina Grade Crossing Safety   Covina                    CA                              3,000,000
              Projects throughout
              Metrolink Corridor
       112   Cudahy Citywide Complete       Cudahy                    CA                              1,700,000
              Streets Improvement Project
       113   CUFC--Washington Street        Stockton                  CA                              1,200,000
              Widening Project
       114   Culver CityBus Fleet           Culver City               CA                              3,500,000
              Electrification Facility
              Infrastructure
       115   Del Amo Boulevard Bridge       Cerritos                  CA                             18,000,000
              Replacement and Signal
              Enhancements Project
       116   Destination Crenshaw           Los Angeles               CA                              7,600,000
              Streetscape Improvement
              Project
       117   Downtown Mobility Phase 3A     San Diego                 CA                              5,600,000
       118   Duarte--Donald & Bernice       Duarte                    CA                              1,225,000
              Watson Multi-Use Pathway
              Improvement Project
       119   East Bayshore Road Safety      East Palo Alto            CA                              1,000,000
              Improvements
       120   East Los Angeles Community     Los Angeles               CA                                800,000
              Mobility
       121   East Oakland Hydrogen Fueling  Oakland                   CA                              2,000,000
              Upgrade
       122   East San Fernando Valley       Van Nuys and North        CA                              1,797,312
              Traffic Signals on the High    Hollywood
              Injury Network
       123   East San Fernando Valley       Van Nuys, Arleta,         CA                              1,236,000
              Transit Corridor (ESFVTC)      Pacoima
              Transit-Oriented Community
              (TOC) Plan
       124   East San Fernando Valley       City of San Fernando to   CA                             10,000,000
              Transit Corridor Project       Van Nuys
       125   East San Jose Corridor Safety  San Jose                  CA                              4,700,000
              Improvement Project
       126   El Camino Real to Via De       San Diego                 CA                              2,500,000
              LaValle
       127   El Cerrito del Norte Area TOD  El Cerrito                CA                              2,244,000
              Complete Streets
              Improvements Project
       128   Electric Vehicle Car Share     San Pedro                 CA                                120,650
              Program
       129   Elm Avenue Road Diet           Fresno                    CA                              3,750,000
              Reconstruction and Class IV-
              Ventura/California to North
              Avenue
       130   Embarcadero Station Platform   San Francisco             CA                              6,250,000
              Elevator Capacity and
              Redundancy Project
       131   Emerald Necklace Quarry Clasp  Arcadia                   CA                              1,548,800
              Peck Park Trail
       132   Evelyn Avenue Multi-Use Trail  Sunnyvale                 CA                              3,800,000
       133   Flint Canyon Trail Repair/     La Canada Flintridge      CA                              4,800,000
              Restoration
       134   Florence A Line FLM            Los Angeles               CA                              4,000,000
              Improvements
       135   Francisquito Avenue Metrolink  Baldwin Park              CA                              2,300,000
              At-Grade Safety Improvements
       136   Gardena GTrans Zero-Emission   Gardena                   CA                              4,400,000
              Bus Project
       137   Garfield Avenue Complete       San Pedro                 CA                              1,500,000
              Streets
       138   Glendora People Movement       Glendora                  CA                              5,000,000
       139   Gold Line Light Rail Low       Folsom and Rancho         CA                              1,913,788
              Floor Station Conversion       Cordova
       140   Golden Gate Bridge Physical    San Francisco             CA                              6,550,000
              Suicide Deterrent System
              (SDS) Project
       141   Hale Avenue/Santa Teresa       Morgan Hill               CA                                800,000
              Expressway Extension Phase
              2A
       142   Harbor Drive 2.0               San Diego and National    CA                                800,000
                                             City
             .............................  ........................  ........................          400,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          400,000
       143   Hawthorne--120th Street        Hawthorne                 CA                                950,000
              Improvement Project
       144   High Voltage Conversion Fed    City of Los Angeles       CA                                347,200
              Program Unit 2
       145   Highland Avenue and Wabash     Redlands                  CA                                400,000
              Avenue Intersection
              Improvement Project
       146   Highway 1 North Bicycle/       Half Moon Bay             CA                              1,000,000
              Pedestrian Improvements
              Project
       147   Highway 116/West Cotati        Cotati                    CA                              2,000,000
              Intersection Safety
              Improvement Project
       148   Highway 24 LaMorinda Smart     Orinda and Lafayette      CA                              2,000,000
              Signal System project
       149   Highway 9 Safety Improvement   Monte Sereno              CA                                520,000
              Project
       150   Highways to Boulevards         Los Angeles               CA                                480,000
       151   I Street Bridge Replacement    Sacramento and West       CA                             15,000,000
              Project                        Sacramento
       152   I-405 Sepulveda Pass (Phase    Los Angeles               CA                              5,000,000
              1) ExpressLanes
       153   I-505 Vaca Valley Parkway      Vacaville                 CA                              4,000,000
              Corridor Multimodal
              Improvements Project
       154   Inglewood Transit Connector    Inglewood                 CA                              9,200,000
              (ITC)
       155   Interstate 15 Northern         Jurupa Valley and         CA                             20,000,000
              Extension (I-15 NEXT)          Eastvale
       156   Jepson Parkway Vanden Road     Fairfield                 CA                              7,460,000
              Complete Streets Project to
              Travis Air Force Base
       157   LA Streetcar Power Utility     Los Angeles               CA                              2,000,000
              Relocations
       158   Lawndale--Redondo Beach Blvd   Lawndale                  CA                              1,000,000
              Project
       159   Leesdale Passing Siding        Camarillo                 CA                              6,000,000
              Extension and Upgrade,
              Ventura County, CA
       160   Leucadia Streetscape Phase 2   Encinitas                 CA                              4,000,000
              (Shown in the TransNet as
              North Coast Highway 101
              Beautification)
       161   Liberty Canyon (Crossing)      Agoura Hills              CA                              5,000,000
       162   Link Union Station             Los Angeles               CA                              5,000,000
       163   Los Nietos Sunshine Shuttle    Unincorporated Los        CA                                480,000
              Electric Bus Replacement       Nietos
       164   LOSSAN Corridor Improvements   Del Mar                   CA                             12,500,000
       165   Malaga Bridge Project          Fontana                   CA                             15,000,000
       166   Market Avenue Complete Street  N. Richmond               CA                              2,170,000
       167   Melrose Avenue Complete        West Hollywood            CA                              4,944,149
              Street Improvements
       168   Metro Purple Line Beverly/     City Beverly Hills        CA                              5,000,000
              Wilshire North Portal
              Project
       169   Middle Avenue Pedestrian/      Menlo Park                CA                              6,500,000
              Bicycle Rail Crossing
              Project
       170   Mission Bl/ Pine St Safety     Fremont                   CA                              2,000,000
              Improvement Project
       171   Mobility for All Project       N. Richmond and Bay       CA                              2,000,000
                                             Point
       172   Mobility Wallet Demonstration  Los Angeles County        CA                              4,000,000
              and Research Study
       173   Monroe Street Interchange      Indio                     CA                             20,000,000
              Project
       174   Napa Valley Vine Trail--       St. Helena                CA                              3,000,000
              Yountville to St. Helena
       175   New Traffic Signal at          Los Angeles               CA                                710,000
              Morrison and Sepulveda
       176   New Traffic Signal at Plummer  Los Angeles               CA                                710,400
              and White Oak Avenue
       177   New Traffic Signal at Scott    Fremont                   CA                                950,000
              Creek Rd/ Zinfandel St
       178   New Transit Maintenance        Commerce                  CA                              2,000,000
              Facility
       179   North San Jose Bike Plan       San Jose                  CA                              3,838,348
              Implementation
       180   Oakland 7th St Bike/Ped        Oakland                   CA                              2,500,000
              Improvements
       181   Oakland Alameda Access         Oakland and Alameda       CA                              2,996,000
              Project
       182   Ojai Avenue Pedestrian         Ojai                      CA                                440,000
              Crossing Safety Lighting
              Improvements
       183   Old I Street Bridge Deck       West Sacramento           CA                              4,150,000
              Conversion for Active
              Transportation Project
       184   Old Town Streetscape Phase 2   Elk Grove                 CA                              2,000,000
       185   Olive/Magnolia Bridge Safety   Burbank                   CA                              2,000,000
              Barrier Rail Project
       186   Otay Mesa Truck Route Phase 4  San Diego                 CA                              1,300,000
       187   Overlook and Viewpoint         Smith River               CA                                500,000
              Improvements to end of Mouth
              of Smith River Road
       188   Pacific Coast Highway at       City of Torrance          CA                                652,800
              Crenshaw Boulevard
              Intersection Capacity
              Enhancements
       189   Parkway Drive and Merced       El Monte                  CA                              2,600,000
              Street Bicycle and
              Pedestrian Improvements
       190   Pedestrian, ADA, Traffic       Temple City               CA                              6,200,000
              Signal and Pavement
              Improvements along Bus
              Routes
       191   Pine Avenue Extension          Chino                     CA                              5,000,000
       192   Port of Hueneme Intermodal     Oxnard                    CA                              3,000,000
              Improvement Project to
              Modernize the Port Wharf and
              Pier and Cargo Facilities
       193   Port of Oakland Solar,         Oakland                   CA                              1,000,000
              Battery Storage and Electric
              Vehicle Truck Charger
              Deployment
       194   Puddingstone Drive Bicycle     La Verne                  CA                                998,000
              and Pedestrian Project
       195   Purchase of eleven Battery-    San Luis Obispo           CA                              5,000,000
              Electric Buses--SLORTA
       196   Quint-Jerrold Connector Road   San Francisco             CA                              7,200,000
       197   Rail to Rail/River Active      Los Angeles               CA                              5,000,000
              Transportation Corridor
              Project
       198   Reche Canyon Road Alignment    Colton                    CA                              4,452,000
       199   Replacement of 2nd Street      San Bernardino            CA                              2,000,000
              Bridge over Warm Creek
       200   Resilient State Route 37       Sonoma                    CA                              7,000,000
              Corridor Enhancement Program
       201   Richmond Parkway Transit       Richmond                  CA                              1,000,000
              Center and Freeway Access
              Improvements
       202   San Fernando Road Bike Path    Sun Valley and North      CA                                594,027
              Phase III                      Hollywoood
       203   San Francisco Bay Area Rapid   Oakland, San Leandro,     CA                              3,000,000
              Transit (BART) Station         Berkeley
              Restroom and Lighting
              Enhancements
       204   San Francisco Bay Area         lameda, Contra Costa,     CA                              5,000,000
              regional advance mitigation    and Santa Clara
              program                        counties
       205   San Pablo Avenue               Pinole                    CA                                742,000
              Rehabilitation, City Limits
              to Pinole Shores
       206   San Rafael Channel Crossing    San Rafael                CA                              2,000,000
              Swing Bridge
       207   Santa Cruz METRO Bus           Santa Cruz                CA                              1,840,000
              Replacements
       208   Santa Cruz Paratransit Vans    Santa Cruz                CA                                505,750
              Replacement Project
       209   Saratoga Pedestrian Walkway    Saratoga                  CA                              1,200,000
              Project
       210   Scotts Creek Coastal           Unincorporated Santa      CA                              3,500,000
              Resiliency Project             Cruz County north of
                                             Davenport
       211   Sepulveda Transit Corridor     City of Los Angeles       CA                             10,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
       212   Serramonte Boulevard and       Colma                     CA                                400,000
              Serramonte Center Driveway
              Traffic Signal
       213   Sharp Park Priority            Pacifica                  CA                                960,000
              Development Area (PDA)
              Access Resurfacing Project
       214   Slauson Avenue Congestion      Huntington Park           CA                              1,000,000
       215   SMART Russian River Rail       Healdsburg                CA                             13,606,840
              Bridge Rehabilitation
       216   Solar Energy Project (Phase    Stockton                  CA                              5,300,000
              2)
       217   SR 86 Improvement Project      Imperial                  CA                              3,000,000
       218   SR128/I-505 Overcrossing (Br.  Winters                   CA                              8,540,000
              22-0110)/Russell Blvd
              Bicycle and Pedestrian
              Improvements
       219   State Route 11/Otay Mesa East  San Diego                 CA                             12,500,000
              Port of Entry
       220   State Route 132 West Project   Modesto                   CA                             12,000,000
       221   State Route 25 Expressway      Hollister                 CA                             10,000,000
              Conversion and State Route
              25/156 Interchange Project
       222   State Route 37 and             Vallejo                   CA                              4,000,000
              Fairgrounds Drive
              Interchange Improvements
       223   State Route 99 Madera South--  Madera                    CA                             10,000,000
              Operational Improvement
              Project
       224   Stockton Rail Maintenance      Stockton                  CA                              6,715,000
              Facility Expansion
       225   Sustainable Mobility           Redlands                  CA                              1,756,630
              Expansion Project
       226   Tarzana Crossing Great         Tarzana--Los Angeles      CA                                500,000
              Streets Project
       227   The Highway 101 Multimodal     Santa Barbara             CA                             11,000,000
              Corridor Project from Santa
              Barbara to Montecito with
              improvements on Highway 101
              (SB-101-PM 9.1/12.3) and
              Adjacent Local Streets
              including the Cabrillo
              Boulevard Bicycle and
              Pedestrian Improvement
              Project
       228   Thornton Avenue Pavement       Newark                    CA                              2,000,000
              Rehabilitation
       229   Torrance to Florence Bus       Torrance                  CA                              4,432,924
              Service
       230   Track Rehabilitation of the    City of Rancho            CA                              2,000,000
              San Bernardino Line            Cucamonga, California
                                             spanning to the City of
                                             Montclair, California
                                             including the cities of
                                             Rancho Cucamonga,
                                             Upland, and Montclair
       231   Traffic Signal System          Danville, Walnut Creek,   CA                              6,000,000
              Upgrades on I-680 Project      Concord, Pleasant Hill
       232   Tri MyRide Fleet Expansion     Antioch                   CA                              1,760,000
              Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................          880,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          880,000
       233   TRI-CONNECT, SoCal Freight     Los Angeles               CA                              3,357,895
              Initiative
       234   U.S. 101 and Del Norte         Oxnard                    CA                              3,000,000
              Boulevard Interchange
       235   Union Street Protected Bike    Pasadena                  CA                              1,600,000
              Lanes
       236   US 101 / Woodside Interchange  Redwood City              CA                              2,500,000
              Improvement
       237   US 101 Safety Improvements--   Salinas and Chualar       CA                              2,000,000
              South of Salinas               (Monterey County)
       238   US 101/SR 25 Interchange       Gilroy                    CA                              5,000,000
              Phase 2--Santa Teresa
              Boulevard Extension
       239   US-101 Managed Lane Project    San Mateo                 CA                             10,000,000
              North of I-380
       240   Valley Link--Implementation    Livermore                 CA                             20,000,000
              of Sustainability Blueprint
       241   Vasco Road Safety              Byron                     CA                              3,905,000
              Improvements Phase II
       242   Vermont Transit Corridor       Los Angeles               CA                             10,000,000
              Improvements
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,900,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        6,100,000
       243   Walnut Park Bus Stop           Walnut Park               CA                              1,200,000
              Improvements
       244   Walnut Park Pedestrian Plan    Walnut Park               CA                              1,200,000
              Implementation
       245   Warm Springs Grade Crossing    San Jose                  CA                              7,703,100
              Improvements
       246   West Berkeley Bicycle and      Berkeley                  CA                                704,000
              Pedestrian Improvements
       247   West San Jose Priority         San Jose                  CA                              3,285,680
              Bikeways Implementation
              Project
       248   West Santa Ana Branch Transit  Los Angeles               CA                              5,000,000
              Corridor
       249   West Valley Connector Bus      San Bernardino            CA                              5,000,000
              Rapid Transit--Phase 1, and
              Zero-Emission Bus Initiative
       250   White Rock Road--0.5 Miles     Rancho Cordova            CA                             12,307,000
              East of Rancho Cordova
              Parkway to the Easterly City
              Limits
       251   Widen Central Ave to add new   Camarillo                 CA                              4,000,000
              Class II Bike Lanes near
              U.S. 101 to the northwest
              city limits
       252   Wilmington Waterfront-Avalon   Wilmington                CA                              1,000,000
              Pedestrian Bridge
       253   Woodman Ave. Pedestrian        Panorama City             CA                              3,256,591
              Improvement Project
       254   Ygnacio Valley Road Project    Walnut Creek              CA                              1,000,000
       255   Yosemite Area Regional         Merced                    CA                              2,250,000
              Transportation System
       256   Zero Emission Bus              Oxnard                    CA                              1,675,000
              Replacements, Charging
              Infrastructure and Zero
              Emissions Job Training
       257   Zero Emission Buses and        Wilmington                CA                              5,000,000
              Charging Infrastructure
       258   Zero Emissions Bus Purchase--  Pasadena                  CA                              2,100,000
              Pasadena, CA
       259   16th St Mall Reconstruction    Denver                    CO                              6,530,000
              Program
       260   Aurora Bicycle and Pedestrian  Aurora                    CO                                800,000
              Master Plan Update
       261   Big Barnes Ditch Trail         Loveland                  CO                                500,000
              Improvements
       262   Cameron Peak Post-Fire         Larimer County            CO                              2,000,000
              Emergency Funding
       263   Central Corridor Rail          Denver                    CO                              7,930,000
              Replacement
       264   CO 9 Widening from Iron        Summit County             CO                              1,000,000
              Springs to Frisco
       265   Easter/Havana Intersection     Centennial                CO                              6,000,000
              Improvements
       266   Eisenhower Johnson Memorial    Dillon                    CO                              4,000,000
              Tunnel (EJMT) Repairs and
              Upgrades
       267   Expansion of Gun Club Road     Aurora                    CO                              1,500,000
       268   Federal Parkway Multimodal     Westminster               CO                              4,107,114
              Transportation Improvements
       269   Frisco Transit Center          Frisco                    CO                              6,650,000
       270   I-25 Valley Highway: Phases 3  Denver                    CO                              5,530,000
              and 4 ROW Acquisition
       271   I-25/Belleview Avenue          Greenwood Village         CO                             10,000,000
              Interchange Improvements
       272   I-70 and 32nd Ave. Bridge      Wheat Ridge               CO                              2,000,000
              Replacement
       273   SH-72 (Indiana St) Widening    Arvada                    CO                              1,095,872
              at UPRR
       274   State Highway 119 and State    Boulder County            CO                              5,000,000
              Highway 52 Multimodal
              Intersection Improvements
       275   US 36 and Community Drive      Estes Park                CO                                850,000
              Roundabout
       276   Wadsworth Widening: 35th       Wheat Ridge               CO                             10,000,000
              Avenue to I-70
       277   West Colfax Pedestrian Safety  Lakewood                  CO                              1,750,000
              and Infrastructure Project
       278   Branchville Transit Oriented   Ridgefield                CT                              1,853,120
              Development Pedestrian/
              Bicycle Improvement
       279   Comstock Brook Bridge (No.     Wilton                    CT                              2,400,000
              04975) Replacement
       280   Coventry Main Street Sidewalk  Coventry                  CT                              1,200,000
              Project Final Extension
       281   CT-195 (Storrs Road)           Mansfield                 CT                              2,240,000
              Pedestrian Safety
              Improvements
       282   East Haddam/Haddam Swing       East Haddam               CT                              5,000,000
              Bridge Rehabilitation
              Project
       283   Essex River Road Bridge and    Essex                     CT                              2,400,000
              Sidewalk Project
       284   Five Mile River Bridge (No.    Norwalk                   CT                              2,860,000
              04152) Replacement
       285   Greater Hartford Mobility      Hartford and East         CT                             16,000,000
              Study - Planning and           Hartford
              Preliminary Engineering
       286   Greenwich Creek Bridge (No.    Greenwich                 CT                              2,530,000
              01872) Replacement
       287   Harbor Brook Bridge (No.       Meriden                   CT                              2,800,000
              04185) Replacement Project
       288   Intersection Improvements on   Danbury                   CT                              3,332,000
              Route 39 at Beckerle Street
              and East Gate Road
       289   Mill River Bridge (No. 04953)  Fairfield                 CT                              2,700,000
              Replacement
       290   New Haven Downtown Crossing    New Haven                 CT                             20,000,000
              Phase 4 - Temple Street
              Crossing
       291   New London Pedestrian Bridge   New London                CT                              4,860,000
              and Public Access Project
       292   Park Avenue Traffic Signals    Bridgeport                CT                              2,686,000
       293   Quinebaug River Trail -        Plainfield                CT                              2,179,953
              Plainfield Section
       294   Route 10 Hop Brook Bridge      Simsbury                  CT                              2,400,000
              (No. 00653) Replacement
              Project
       295   Route 109 Bridge (No. 05417)   Morris                    CT                              1,520,000
              Replacement Project
       296   Route 202 Intersection         Brookfield                CT                              7,400,000
              Improvement Project
       297   Route 25 Bridge (No. 06750)    Trumbull                  CT                              1,464,000
              Rehabilitation
       298   Stamford Transportation        Stamford                  CT                              3,500,000
              Center Improvement
       299   20 x 22 Protected Bike Lanes   Washington                DC                              3,000,000
       300   Arboretum Bridge and Trail     Washington                DC                              4,000,000
       301   Bus Priority Program           Washington                DC                              4,000,000
       302   H Street Bridge                Washington                DC                              3,000,000
       303   Metropolitan Branch Trail--    Washington                DC                              3,000,000
              Fort Totten to Takoma
       304   Pavement Restoration,          Washington                DC                              3,000,000
              National Highway Performance
              Program
       305   US 113/SR 20 Grade Separated   Millsboro                 DE                             10,000,000
              Intersection
       306   West Camden Bypass             Camden                    DE                             10,000,000
       307   Approach Road at Cecil Air     Jacksonville              FL                                600,000
              and Space Port
       308   Card Sound Bridge Replacement  Key Largo                 FL                              4,200,000
              Planning and Design Project
       309   City of South Miami            South Miami               FL                              4,330,000
              Pedestrian Bridge
       310   Commodore Trail Missing Link   Miami / Coral Gables      FL                                999,205
       311   Dunedin Causeway Bridge        Dunedin                   FL                              8,000,000
              Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,000,000
       312   Harborview Road from           Port Charlotte            FL                             20,000,000
              Melbourne Street to I-75
       313   Marlin Road Roadway            Cutler Bay                FL                              8,800,000
              Improvements Project
       314   Miami River Greenway--Curtis   Miami                     FL                              2,392,000
              Park East
       315   Midway Road Multimodal/        Port St. Lucie            FL                             15,000,000
              Freight Improvements and
              Florida's Turnpike
              Connection
       316   North Bay Village 79th Street  North Bay Village         FL                              1,000,000
              Complete Streets Project
       317   Port St. Lucie Boulevard       Port St. Lucie            FL                              5,000,000
              South--Segment 2.2
              (Alcantarra Boulevard to
              Paar Drive)
       318   PortMiami Shore Power Pilot    Miami                     FL                              2,000,000
              Program
       319   Reconstruction of State Road   Lakeland                  FL                             20,000,000
              33/Interstate 4 Interchange
              (Exit 38)
       320   Ridge Road Extension Phase 2B  Unincorporated Pasco      FL                             15,000,000
                                             County
       321   Alleyways Drainage             Miami Gardens             FL                                240,000
              Improvement Project
       322   Breakers Avenue Streetscape    City of Fort Lauderdale   FL                              5,200,000
              Project
       323   Cass Street Bridge             Tampa                     FL                              5,116,000
              Rehabilitation
       324   Central Florida Regional       Orlando                   FL                              1,032,500
              Transportation Electronic
              Contactless Payment System
       325   City of West Palm Beach Grand  West Palm Beach           FL                              1,200,000
              View Heights Street
              Pedestrian Safety
              Improvements Phase 2
       326   Corrine Drive Complete         Orlando                   FL                              6,900,000
              Streets Project
       327   County Line Road Improvement   West Park                 FL                                944,000
              Project
       328   Crystal Lake Drive Project     City of Deerfield Beach   FL                                389,088
       329   E.E. Williamson Road Trail     Longwood                  FL                              4,346,000
              Connect
       330   Econlockhatchee Trail          Orlando                   FL                              8,193,500
              Multimodal Corridor
              Improvements
       331   Flavor Pict Road from Lyons    Delray Beach              FL                              4,780,000
              Road to Hagen Ranch Road
       332   Gulf to Bay (SR60) Duke        Clearwater                FL                              6,000,000
              Energy Trail Overpass
       333   HART Bus Shelter               Tampa                     FL                              6,990,100
              Revitalization and Expansion
       334   Hinson Avenue Widening         Haines City               FL                              1,375,000
              Project
       335   International Drive and Sand   Orlando                   FL                              7,000,000
              Lake Road (SR 482)
              Pedestrian Bridge
       336   InVision Tampa Streetcar       Tampa                     FL                              7,700,000
       337   Johnson Street Bridge          Hollywood                 FL                              2,904,000
              Replacement Project
       338   JTA's Sustainability and       Jacksonville              FL                              2,315,840
              Renewable Energy Transit
              Facility (Project ID 425454-
              2)
       339   Lake Monroe Loop Trail         Sanford                   FL                              3,313,181
       340   Lowson Boulevard from Dover    Delray Beach              FL                              1,106,296
              Road to Federal Highway
       341   Loxahatchee Rd. from Arthur    City of Parkland          FL                              5,000,000
              Marshall Loxahatchee Refuge
              to SR-7/US-441
       342   Lyons Road Pedestrian          City of Coconut Creek     FL                              2,700,000
              Mobility Lighting and Safety
              Project
       343   Magnolia Drive Trail - Phase   Tallahassee               FL                              5,000,000
              1, 2, & 4 (Project ID:
              4098037)
       344   Marigold Ave from San Lorenzo  Poinciana                 FL                              4,731,586
              Rd to Peabody Rd (4
              Roundabouts)
       345   Neptune Road Widening and      Kissimmee                 FL                              5,000,000
              Improvement Project
       346   NW 183rd to 191st Street and   Miami Gardens             FL                              1,200,000
              NW 27th to 42nd Avenue Road
              and Sidewalk Project
       347   NW 187th Street to NW 199th    Miami Gardens             FL                                960,000
              Street, from NW Sunshine
              State Parkway East to NW
              12th Avenue Area-Road
              Resurfacing, Sidewalks, and
              Drainage Improvement Project
       348   NW 191st to 199th Street and   Miami Gardens             FL                                600,000
              NW 2nd to 7th Avenue Roadway
              and Sidewalk Project
       349   NW 199th to 202nd Street       Miami Gardens             FL                                960,000
              between NW 3rd and 15th
              Avenue-Road Resurfacing and
              Sidewalks Improvement
              Project
       350   NW/NE 87th Street Corridor     Village of El Portal      FL                              1,320,551
       351   Opa-locka Railroad Crossing    Opa-Locka                 FL                              2,400,000
              Repair
       352   Orange Blossom Trail           Orlando                   FL                              3,012,472
              Sidewalks Phase 2A
       353   Palm Beach County Bus Shelter  Palm Beach County         FL                              8,300,000
              Infrastructure
             .............................  ........................  ........................          300,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        8,000,000
       354   Palm Springs, FL, Park         Palm Springs              FL                                854,550
              Connector Pathway System
       355   Pine Hills Trail Phase 2 from  Orlando                   FL                                557,000
              Silver Star Road (SR 438) to
              Clarcona-Ocoee Road
       356   President Barack Obama         Orlando                   FL                              8,360,000
              Parkway, Phase 2, Orlando,
              Florida
       357   Rolling Stock                  Hallandale Beach,         FL                              9,000,000
                                             Hollywood, Dania Beach,
                                             Fort Lauderdale, Wilton
                                             Manors, Oakland Park,
                                             Pompano Beach,
                                             Deerfield Beach and
                                             Palm Beach County
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,000,000
       358   SMART Plan Beach Express       Miami                     FL                              9,100,000
              (BERT) North Capital Bus
              Purchase
       359   Solar-Powered Zero-Emission    St. Petersburg            FL                              6,000,000
              Bus and Facility Charging
              Infrastructure
       360   South City Transit Capital     Tallahassee               FL                              2,400,000
              Project StarMetro
              Modernization
       361   Southcot Drive Sidewalk        Casselberry               FL                                189,357
       362   SR 50 (Colonial) from          Orlando                   FL                                917,933
              Thornton Ave to Mills Ave
       363   SR 63 (US 27) Monroe Street    Tallahassee               FL                              2,400,000
              from John Knox Road to
              Lakeshore Drive (Project ID
              4450531)
       364   SR-5/US-1/Federal Hwy from     Hollywood                 FL                              1,899,308
              Johnson St. to SR-822/
              Sheridan St.
       365   SR-820/Pines Blvd from W of    Pembroke Pines            FL                              5,000,000
              SW 136th Ave to E of NW
              118th Ave
       366   SR-A1A from Hallandale Beach   Hallandale Beach,         FL                              1,075,350
              Boulevard to Dania Beach       Hollywood, and Dania
              Boulevard Drainage             Beach
              Improvement Project
       367   StarMetro Bus Replacement      Tallahassee               FL                              1,800,000
       368   SW 36th Street Complete        West Park                 FL                              1,600,000
              Street Improvements Project
       369   SW 52nd Avenue Complete        West Park                 FL                                602,400
              Street Improvements Project
       370   Treasure Island Causeway       Treasure Island           FL                              4,480,000
              Bridge Project
       371   University Boulevard at Dean   Orlando                   FL                              1,000,000
              Road Intersection
              Improvement
       372   University Drive from NW 40th  City of Coral Springs     FL                              5,000,000
              St. to Sawgrass Expressway
       373   West Warren Avenue Complete    Longwood                  FL                                400,000
              Street
       374   Atlanta Beltline               Atlanta                   GA                              5,000,000
       375   Big Creek Greenway Phase 2     Cumming                   GA                              3,000,000
              Renovation-Replacement
       376   Brennan Road Improvements      Columbus                  GA                              7,360,000
       377   Buford Highway Pedestrian      Doraville                 GA                              1,373,859
              Improvements
       378   Bus/Paratransit Vehicle        Snellville/Northern       GA                              6,000,000
              Acquisition for Local Route    Dekalb
              70
       379   Cascade Multimodal Corridor    Atlanta                   GA                              1,000,000
       380   Cherokee Area Transportation   Canton                    GA                              2,400,000
              System Headquarters
       381   City of Forest Park            Forest Park               GA                              2,000,000
              Pedestrian Bridge
       382   City of Sugar Hill's Highway   Sugar Hill                GA                              5,000,000
              20 Pedestrian Bridge
       383   Clayton Justice Center         Jonesboro                 GA                              4,960,000
              Transit Hub - Phase II
       384   Cobb Parkway at McCollum       Kennesaw                  GA                              3,500,000
              Parkway Road Realignment
       385   Cumberland Core Loop           Atlanta                   GA                              1,700,000
       386   East West Connector Corridor   Smyrna                    GA                              4,500,000
              Improvement, Cobb County GA
       387   Emory-CDC Intersection         Atlanta                   GA                                550,000
              Project
       388   GDOT Project No. 0013752       Americus                  GA                              1,216,958
       389   GDOT Project No. 0015563       Cuthbert                  GA                              2,405,280
       390   GDOT Project No. 0015638       Reynolds                  GA                              1,608,000
       391   GDOT Project No. 0015651       Arabi                     GA                                568,000
       392   GDOT Project No. 0015652       Talbotton                 GA                                984,000
       393   Global Gateway Connector       College Park              GA                              3,542,355
       394   Gwinnett Place Transit Center/ Gwinnett County           GA                              5,000,000
              Mall of Georgia local bus
              service
       395   I-20 Diverging Diamond         Douglasville              GA                              5,000,000
              Interchange at Chapel Hill
              Road
       396   Lawrenceville Area Park and    Lawrenceville             GA                              4,800,000
              Ride Lot
       397   Macon Transit Authority        Macon                     GA                              2,600,000
              Electric Transit and
              Paratransit Vehicle
              Purchases
       398   MARTA Route 115--Covington     Decatur                   GA                              2,000,000
              Highway
       399   McDaniel Farm Park Connector   Gwinnett County           GA                              2,000,000
              multi-use path
       400   Metropolitan Parkway Arterial  Atlanta                   GA                              3,000,000
              Rapid Transit (ART)
       401   New Bus Rapid Transit Service  Snellville/Stone          GA                              5,000,000
              along US 78                    Mountain
       402   North Avondale Road Complete   Avondale Estates          GA                              1,975,560
              Streets Project
       403   Peachtree Creek Greenway       Brookhaven                GA                              3,382,000
       404   Project DeRenne                Savannah                  GA                             20,000,000
       405   Safety Improvements--          Albany                    GA                                368,791
              Intersection of N Westover
              Blvd at Nottingham Way
       406   South Barrett Parkway          Kennesaw                  GA                              2,000,000
              Reliever
       407   South Cobb Drive Corridor      Smyrna                    GA                                250,000
       408   SR 120 (Abbotts Bridge Road)   Johns Creek               GA                             13,800,000
              Operational and Safety
              Improvements
       409   SR234 and Westover Blvd--Add   Albany                    GA                                349,295
              Westbound Right Turn and
              Southbound Left
       410   Stonecrest Transit Hub         Stonecrest                GA                              5,000,000
       411   Widen and Realign              Albany                    GA                              2,509,319
              Intersection of Sands Drive
              and Radium Springs
       412   Windy Hill Boulevard           Smyrna                    GA                                500,000
       413   Guam Public Transit            Hagatna                   GU                             20,000,000
              Modernization--Bus Shelters
       414   Bus and Handi Van Acquisition  Honolulu                  HI                              7,398,400
              Program (Battery Electric
              Buses; Electrification of
              Route 40)
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,699,200
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,699,200
       415   Hanapepe Road Resurfacing      Hanapepe                  HI                              3,680,000
       416   Hawaii Recreational Trails     Multiple Cities           HI                              4,000,000
              Program (Hawaii Integrated
              Trail System)
       417   Interstate Route H-1           Honolulu                  HI                              6,150,000
              Improvements, Eastbound, Ola
              Lane Overpass to Vineyard
              Boulevard
       418   Leeward Bikeway, Philippine    Honolulu                  HI                              6,150,000
              Sea Road to Waipahu Depot
              Street
       419   Papalaua Street (RTS 3020, MP  Maui                      HI                              1,154,000
              0.13-MP0.17) Traffic Signal
              Upgrade at Wainee Street
              (Route 3015, MP 0.3-MP0.34)
       420   Waianuenue Avenue              Hilo                      HI                              7,277,499
              Rehabilitation
       421   Waimea to Kekaha Shared Use    Hanapepe                  HI                              2,000,000
              Path
       422   Wakea Avenue (Route 3920, MP   Maui                      HI                              2,186,000
              0.70-MP 0.71) and Kamehameha
              Avenue (Route 3940, MP 0.91-
              MP0.92) Intersection
              Improvements
       423   HIRTA Regional Transit         Waukee                    IA                              2,321,000
              Facility
       424   In the City of Iowa City, on   Iowa City                 IA                              9,943,600
              Dodge Street, from
              Burlington Street north to
              Governor Street.
       425   Iowa 136 bridge replacement    Clinton County            IA                              1,144,800
              over Elwood Creek 3.1 miles
              west of US 61 in Clinton
              County
       426   Marion County--County Road     Marion County             IA                              2,000,000
              G28 corridor
       427   Red Rock Prarie Trail (Iowa    Prairie City              IA                                900,000
              117 to Co Rd S27)
       428   Bus Replacements Across the    Des Moinse                IA                              5,000,000
              District
       429   Mills Civic Parkway            West Des Moines           IA                              2,000,000
              Improvements
       430   Red Oak Bridge Replacement     Red Oak                   IA                                700,000
       431   Southeast Connector            Des Moines                IA                              7,000,000
       432   Traffic Incident Management    Johnston                  IA                              4,880,000
              Center at Camp Dodge--Phase
              I
       433   1st Street Reconstruction      Ammon                     ID                              5,375,700
       434   Center Street Railroad Bridge  Pocatello                 ID                              4,277,000
              Underpass
       435   Fort Hall Connect- Upgrade of  Fort Hall                 ID                              3,500,000
              Ross Fork Road
       436   I-15B (US-30) McCammon IC TO   McCammon                  ID                              1,716,660
              Old US-91
       437   State Street Premium           Boise and Garden City     ID                              2,000,000
              Corridor, Part 2, Boise
              Area, Valley Regional
              Transit
       438   Alton Avenue Reconstruction    Madison                   IL                                624,000
       439   Alton Road Reconstruction      Carlinville               IL                                616,000
              Phase I & II
       440   Brush College Road and Faries  Decatur                   IL                              2,000,000
              Parkway Grade Separation
       441   Calhoun Street Bridge          City of Morris            IL                              1,200,000
              Replacement
       442   Candy Lane                     Macomb                    IL                              3,500,000
       443   Centennial Park Shared Use     Heyworth                  IL                                963,540
              Path
       444   Cloverleaf and East Madison    Madison                   IL                                296,000
              Subdivisions Improvements
       445   Curtis Road Grade Separation   Savoy                     IL                              3,293,700
              & Complete Streets Project
       446   Dix Irvington Road Safety      Centralia                 IL                                600,000
              Project
       447   Dupo Interchange               Dupo                      IL                              1,700,000
       448   Edwardsville Road Resurfacing  Wood River                IL                                668,000
              Project
       449   Frank Scott Parkway East       Shiloh                    IL                             12,512,000
              Extension
       450   Hamilton Road East-West        Bloomington               IL                              7,000,000
              Connection Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,500,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,500,000
       451   Hilltop Road Multi-Use Trail   Springfield               IL                                440,000
              Extension Project
       452   Lincoln Prairie Trail Bridge   Taylorville               IL                                487,161
              Replacement Project
       453   Madison Avenue from 23rd       Granite City              IL                                759,420
              Street to 27th Street
              Resurfacing
       454   Main Street Reconstruction     Roscoe                    IL                              3,880,000
              Project
       455   Marissa--Main St. Resurfacing  Marissa                   IL                                476,000
       456   Pioneer Parkway                Peoria                    IL                              5,000,000
              Reconstruction
       457   Prospect Road Revitalization   Peoria Heights            IL                              6,000,000
       458   Reas Bridges Replacement       Decatur                   IL                              3,500,000
              Project over Lake Decatur
       459   Reconstruction of Main Street  Staunton                  IL                              1,569,456
              from Elm Street to Madison
              Street
       460   Resurfacing of County Highway  Williamson County         IL                                352,000
              16 in Williamson County
       461   Resurfacing of Main Street,    Marion                    IL                                572,000
              Bainbridge Trail, and
              Penecost Streets
       462   Riverside Boulevard            Loves Park and Rockford   IL                             14,920,000
              Reconstruction and Widening
              (Phase II and III)
       463   Royal Lakes Road               Royal Lakes               IL                                 23,408
              Rehabilitation Project
       464   Spotsylvania Street            New Athens                IL                                452,000
              Improvements
       465   Stanford Avenue                Springfield               IL                              1,279,035
              Reconstruction from 11th
              Street to Fox Bridge Road
       466   Structure Replacement Over     Carbondale                IL                                504,000
              Piles Fork Creek
       467   US 67 Widening from Delhi      Jerseyville               IL                              1,200,000
              Bypass Project to Crystal
              Lake Rd.
       468   West Main Cross Street         Taylorville               IL                              1,127,700
              Improvements from Webster
              Street to Shumway Street
       469   Western Road--Marshall County  Henry                     IL                              2,000,000
       470   118 N Clark Pedway Extension   Chicago                   IL                              2,700,000
       471   143rd St Expansion--West Ave   Orland Park               IL                              9,247,702
              to SW Highway
       472   143rd St from IL 59 to IL 126  Plainfield                IL                              6,200,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,700,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,500,000
       473   34th Street Road               Berwyn                    IL                              5,022,323
              Modernization and Stormwater
              Management Improvements
              Phase I Design
       474   606 Extension - Ashland Ave    Chicago                   IL                              1,440,000
              to Elston Ave
       475   75th Street from Milbrook      Naperville                IL                                648,560
              Drive to Greene Road
       476   80th Ave from 191st to 183rd   Tinley Park               IL                              1,500,000
              St Lane Improvements
       477   9th Street Two-Way Conversion  Rockford                  IL                              4,050,000
              (Whitman Interchange)
       478   Algonquin Road (Various        Spring Grove              IL                              2,400,000
              Intersections) and Wilmot
              Road at Main Street
              Intersection Improvements
       479   All Stations Accessibility     Chicago                   IL                              4,330,000
              Program--Blue Line Irving
              Park
       480   Arterial Resurfacing           Chicago                   IL                              9,357,677
       481   Berkeley Industrial            Chicago                   IL                                424,500
              Pedestrian Connector
       482   Bike Path along Quentin Road   Hawthorn Woods/Lake       IL                              1,000,000
                                             Zurich
       483   Bliss Rd/Fabyan from Fabyan    Geneva                    IL                              7,000,000
              to Bliss Rd
       484   Butler Drive                   Chicago                   IL                              4,500,000
       485   Central Road: Barringon Rd to  Hoffman Estates           IL                              2,000,000
              Huntington Blvd
       486   City of Berwyn, 16th Street    Chicago                   IL                              1,967,468
              Rehabilitation Project
       487   City of Peoria Adams/          Peoria                    IL                              5,000,000
              Jefferson 2-Way Conversion
       488   Columbia Bridge                Chicago                   IL                              2,000,000
       489   CTA--ASAP (Belmont Station)    Chicago                   IL                              3,370,000
       490   CTA Red Line--Loyola Station   Chicago                   IL                              3,600,000
              Improvements
       491   DeKalb Traffic Signal          DeKalb                    IL                                570,000
              Upgrades
       492   Division Street Resurfacing    Oak Park                  IL                              2,000,000
       493   Dundee Ave Reconstruction      Elgin                     IL                              5,900,000
       494   East Branch DuPage River       Lombard                   IL                              1,200,000
              Trail
       495   East New York Street from      Aurora                    IL                              1,138,300
              North Farnsworth Ave to
              Welsh Drive
       496   Fullerton Avenue between N     Glendale Heights          IL                                696,500
              Schmale Rd and Bloomingdale
              Rd
       497   Gougar Road from Laraway Road  Joliet and New Lenox      IL                              2,700,000
              to Francis Road
       498   Greater Downtown Master Plan   East Moline               IL                              4,946,000
              Phase 4A
       499   Hobson Rd 63rd St from         Woodridge                 IL                                490,000
              Woodridge Dr to Janes Ave
       500   Homan Corridor Improvements    Chicago                   IL                                500,000
       501   I-294 103rd Street             Chicago Ridge             IL                              5,000,000
              Interchange
       502   I-294 Crestwood/Robbins        Crestwood and Robbins     IL                              4,800,000
              Interchange
       503   I-57 Interchange near Mile     Unincorporated Will       IL                              4,500,000
              Marker 332 (Between Harlem     County
              Avenue and Pauling Road)
       504   IL 171 (State Street)          Lockport                  IL                              1,400,000
              Pedestrian Safety
              Improvements
       505   IL 38/Roosevelt Road at        Wheaton                   IL                              4,800,000
              Naperville Road
       506   IL 50 from S of Brookmont      Kankakee                  IL                              5,000,000
              Blvd to N of US 45/52 &
              Indiana Ave to Fair St in
              Kankakee
       507   IL-21 Milwaukee Ave            Glenview                  IL                              2,000,000
              Improvements (Glenview)
       508   IL-62 Algonquin Rd at New      Rolling Meadows           IL                                226,935
              Wilke Rd Intersection
              Improvements
       509   Jackson Blvd Resurfacing       Chicago                   IL                                800,000
              (Desplaines to Harlem Ave)
       510   Kedzie and Lake improvements   Chicago                   IL                                500,000
       511   Lake Cook Road (IL-53 to       Mount Prospect and        IL                              3,000,000
              Raupp Blvd)                    Desplains
       512   Lombard Rd Resurfacing and     Addison                   IL                                900,000
              Improvements
       513   Madison Street Resurfacing     Bellwood                  IL                              1,107,200
       514   Main Street Reconstruction     Batavia                   IL                                600,000
              from Randall Road to Van
              Nortwick Avenue
       515   McConnell Road Intersection    Freeport                  IL                              2,528,200
              and Roadway Improvements
       516   Metra Zero Emission Vehicle    Chicago Region            IL                             12,000,000
              Pilot
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        6,000,000
       517   Midway Bus Terminal            Chicago                   IL                                550,000
              Electrification Concept
              Design
       518   N Lake Shore Drive             Chicago                   IL                              2,000,000
              Improvements
       519   North Chicago Pace Route       North Chicago             IL                                508,080
              Access
       520   Oak Park Avenue--111th St to   Worth                     IL                                520,000
              107th St
       521   Pace Cermak Road Transit       Westchester, Oak Brook    IL                                390,000
              Signal Priority                and Oakbrook Terrace
       522   Pace Pulse Line--Harlem        Morton Grove              IL                                400,000
              Avenue Traffic Signal
              Improvements
       523   Pace Pulse South Halsted Line  Chicago, Riverdale, and   IL                                900,000
                                             Harvey
       524   PACE Transit Signal Priority   Chicago                   IL                                900,000
       525   Park Blvd Resurfacing          Streamwood                IL                                220,783
       526   Patriot Path                   Lake County               IL                              9,794,640
       527   Proposed Midwest Medical       Galena                    IL                              2,000,000
              Center Entrance and Highway
              Improvements
       528   Pulaski Corridor Improvements  Chicago                   IL                                500,000
       529   Pulaski Road: 127th St to      Alsip, Crestwood,         IL                              2,500,000
              159th St                       Midlothian, Markham,
                                             and Robbins
       530   Rand US-12 / Kensington / IL-  Mount Prospect            IL                              4,500,000
              83 Intersection Improvements
       531   Rand/Central/Mt Prospect Road  Mount Prospect and        IL                                371,000
              Intersection Improvements      Desplains
       532   Randall and Hopps Road         Elgin                     IL                              5,000,000
              Intersection
       533   Randall Road from Alexandra    Lake in the Hills         IL                              2,000,000
              Blvd to Polaris Dr/Acorn Ln
       534   Rehabilitative Resurfacing of  Franklin Park             IL                                588,000
              Belmont Avenue--25th Ave to
              W of Elm St, Fran
       535   Rehabilitative Resurfacing of  Elmwood Park, Melrose     IL                              7,920,000
              Ill 64 North Ave--I-294 to     Park, Northlake, River
              Harlem Ave & N Frontage Rd -   Forest, River Grove
              7th Ave to 5th Ave
       536   Rodenburg Road Corridor        Roselle                   IL                                928,000
              Improvement Project
       537   Schick Road Resurfacing        Hanover Park              IL                                257,045
       538   Skokie Valley Trail Path       Skokie                    IL                              3,526,800
              Improvements
       539   Spring Street Resurfacing      South Elgin               IL                                171,264
       540   Study of S. Chicago/79th St/   Chicago                   IL                                800,000
              Stony Island Intersection
       541   Tonne Road Reconstruction--    Elk Grove Village         IL                              4,300,000
              Northern Section
       542   Traffic Signal Modernization-- Chicago                   IL                              1,350,000
              City of Chicago
       543   US Route 20 and Reinking Road  Elgin                     IL                              1,200,000
              Roundabout
       544   US Route 30 at Illinois Route  Matteson                  IL                              4,000,000
              50
       545   Washington Boulevard           Maywood                   IL                              1,424,000
              Improvements - 21st Avenue
              to 9th Avenue
       546   Weber Road from 135th Street   Romeoville                IL                              2,100,000
              to Airport Road
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,100,000
       547   West Branch DuPage River       West Chicago              IL                                500,000
              Trail Connection from West
              DuPage Woods Forest Preserve
              to Blackwell Forest Preserve
       548   Western Avenue Grade           Blue Island, Posen, and   IL                              4,500,000
              Separations                    Dixmoor
       549   Wolfs Crossing Road from US    Oswego                    IL                              4,822,000
              34 Chicago Road to Eola Road
              - Douglas Road Intersection
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,616,500
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,205,500
       550   Woodstock Railyard Relocation  Woodstock                 IL                              4,000,000
              & Expansion
       551   Zero Emission Locomotive       Blue Island, Chicago,     IL                              7,000,000
              Commuter Rail Pilot            Joliet, Midlothian,
                                             Mokena, New Lenox, Oak
                                             Forest, Robbins, Tinley
                                             Park
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
       552   Zion 27th Street Resurfacing   Zion                      IL                                920,320
       553   Added Travel Lanes at 45th     Unincorporated Lake       IN                              1,500,000
              Avenue                         County
       554   Central Avenue Road            Portage                   IN                              2,000,000
              Reconstruction
       555   IndyGo EV Charging Stations    Indianapolis              IN                                774,000
       556   Kennedy Avenue Bridge          Highland and Hammond      IN                              8,100,000
              Replacement
       557   Monument Circle/Market Street  Indianapolis              IN                             12,864,000
              Reconstruction
       558   Willowcreek Road Extension     Unincorporated Porter     IN                              7,411,200
                                             County
       559   Bridge Replacement on 151st    Sedgwick County           KS                              3,600,000
              Street West over the
              Ninnescah River (B485)
       560   Centennial Bridge Replacement  Leavenworth               KS                              1,000,000
       561   K-7 Bourbon County             Fort Scott                KS                              2,000,000
       562   K-7 Crawford County            Girard                    KS                              2,000,000
       563   Reconstruction of 151st St     Sedgwick County           KS                              3,200,000
              West between 53rd St North
              and Highway K-96 (R356)
       564   Reconstruction of the South    Sedgwick County           KS                                880,000
              Half Mile of 135th Street
              West between 53rd and 61st
              Streets North (R348)
       565   Route 458 Improvements         Lawrence                  KS                                750,000
       566   SW Topeka Boulevard (21st to   Topeka                    KS                              1,480,000
              29th) Street Resurfacing
       567   Topeka Metropolitan Bus        Topeka                    KS                              3,000,000
              Replacement
       568   US-169 Neosho County           Thayer                    KS                              3,000,000
       569   US-400 Cherokee County         Cherokee                  KS                              2,000,000
       570   US-400 Greenwood County (KDOT  Greenwood County          KS                              5,000,000
              Project Number 400-037 KA-
              5790-01)
       571   US-56 Douglas County           Baldwin City              KS                              3,000,000
       572   Wakarusa Drive Reconstruction  Lawrence                  KS                              1,000,000
       573   Washington Creek Bridge        Lawrence                  KS                                400,000
              Replacement
       574   West Kellogg/US-54/400         Wichita                   KS                              1,800,000
              Expansion
       575   U.S. 69/167th St. Interchange  Overland Park             KS                             15,000,000
              Improvement Project
       576   Congestion reduction and       Covington                 KY                              2,000,000
              traffic improvement project
              on KY-17/Scott Boulevard/
              Greenup Street
       577   Extend KY 3155 from the        Leitchfield, Grayson      KY                              3,200,000
              southern Intersection at KY    County
              259 westerly to KY 54
       578   I-65 SB Ramp to Brook St       Louisville                KY                              9,600,000
       579   Improve KY 54 from west of     Owensboro, Daviess        KY                              4,600,000
              the US 60 Bypass to CR 1021    County
       580   Improve KY 461 from US 150 to  Mount Vernon, Rockcastle  KY                             18,200,000
              US 25                          County
       581   Improve US 421 near the        Cranks, Harlan County     KY                                960,000
              Virginia State Line
       582   Improve westbound lanes of US  Lewisport, Hancock        KY                              3,200,000
              60 from KY 1957 to KY 6106     County
       583   KY 335 improvements from US    Horse Cave, Hart County   KY                              3,200,000
              31W south of KY 218 to I-65
       584   KYCT project 6-80101, KY -18 / Boone County              KY                              5,200,000
               Superstreet construction
       585   KYTC Project 6-162.40, KY-536  Kenton County             KY                             12,064,000
              from Williamswood Rd. to
              Calvery Dr. to KY-17
       586   Newtown Pike Extension         Lexington                 KY                             20,000,000
              Project--Phase III Scott
              Street Connector
       587   Reconstruction of KY 44 from   Mount Washington, Bullit  KY                              4,800,000
              US 31E to KY 1319              County
       588   Reimagine 9th Street           Louisvile                 KY                              5,000,000
       589   Smart Signal Network           Louisville                KY                              2,900,000
       590   Traffic Calming Measures for   Louisville                KY                              2,400,000
              Shelby Park and Smoketown
              Neighborhoods
       591   Audubon Ave OVLY:LA 1 to       Thibodaux                 LA                                468,510
              Terrebonne P/L
       592   I-10 (Calcasieu River Bridge / Lake Charles              LA                             10,000,000
               Approach)
       593   I-49 Lafayette Connector       Lafayette                 LA                             10,000,000
       594   LA 3127                        St. James Parish          LA                             10,000,000
       595   LA 428, General Meyer Blvd     New Orleans               LA                              8,560,000
       596   MRB South GBR: LA 1 to LA 30   Baton Rouge               LA                              1,600,000
              Connector- Environmental
              Evaluation
       597   MRB South GBR: LA 1 to LA 30   Baton Rouge               LA                              8,000,000
              Connector (Pre-Engineering
              Design)
       598   Amherst Town Common            Amherst                   MA                              1,344,000
              Transportation and Mobility
              Improvements
       599   Barker Road Bridge Project     Pittsfield                MA                              1,000,000
       600   Beacon Street Bridle Path      Brookline                 MA                              2,000,000
       601   Belmont Community Path         Belmont                   MA                              3,500,000
       602   Blackstone Valley Multi-Use    Blackstone                MA                              8,130,842
              Path Phase 1, Segment - 2
       603   Blue Line Signal Program       Revere, Boston            MA                              6,000,000
       604   Bourne Rail Trail              Bourne                    MA                             14,728,680
       605   Brockton Area Transit--Buy     Brockton                  MA                              2,920,000
              Replacement 35' Bus (6)
       606   Brockton Area Transit--Buy     Brockton                  MA                              3,160,000
              Replacement 35' Electric Bus
              (5)
       607   Brockton Area Transit--        Brockton                  MA                                480,000
              Purchase Misc. Electric
              Power Equipment
       608   Christina Street Rail Bridge   Newton                    MA                              1,600,000
       609   Columbian Square Intersection  Weymouth                  MA                              3,000,000
              Improvements
       610   Court and Cherry Street        Plymouth                  MA                              2,000,000
              Intersection Improvement
       611   Davis Square Transit Signal    Somerville                MA                                100,000
              Priority Project
       612   Division Street Bridge         Great Barrington          MA                              2,000,000
              Project
       613   Double-Tracking on Haverhill   Andover and Wilmington    MA                              5,800,000
              Line in Massachusetts
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,900,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,900,000
       614   Drift Road at Kirby Brooke     Westport                  MA                                600,000
              Replacement Project
       615   Fiske Street and Andover       Tewksbury                 MA                                456,000
              Street Sidewalk and Street
              Improvements
       616   Glendale Street Bridge         Easthampton               MA                              1,000,000
              Project
       617   Intersection Improvements at   Southbridge               MA                              1,000,000
              Central Street, Foster St,
              Hook St, Hamilton St
       618   Intersection improvements at   Ashby                     MA                              1,000,000
              Greenville Road (Rte 31) and
              Turnpike Road
       619   Intersection Improvements at   Acton                     MA                              1,100,000
              Massachusetts Avenue (Route
              111) and Main Street (Route
              27) (Kelley's Corner)
       620   Intersection improvements at   Methuen                   MA                              1,000,000
              Riverside Drive and Burnham
              Road
       621   Intersection Improvements at   Sterling                  MA                                320,000
              Route 140/Route 62
       622   Intersection Improvements on   Ayer and Littleton        MA                              1,000,000
              Route 2A at Willow Road and
              Bruce Street
       623   Intersection reconstruction    Haverhill                 MA                              1,000,000
              on Rte 108 (Newton Road) at
              Rte 110 (Kenoza Ave. and
              Amesbury Road)
       624   James Street Project           Chicopee                  MA                              2,000,000
       625   Lake Cochituate Path           Natick                    MA                              3,078,722
       626   Leyden Road Sidewalk           Greenfield                MA                              1,840,000
              Construction
       627   Lynn Commuter Rail Station     Lynn                      MA                             10,000,000
              Rehabilitation
       628   McGrath Highway Road Diet /    Somerville                MA                                500,000
              Protected Bike Lane Project
       629   Merrymount Bridge              Quincy                    MA                              6,000,000
              Reconstruction Project
       630   MetroWest Regional Transit     Framingham                MA                              1,600,000
              Authority Blandin Back
              Entrance (MWRTA BEB Project)
       631   New vans for elderly and       Haverhill                 MA                                375,000
              those with disabilities
       632   North Adams Adventure Trail    North Adams               MA                              2,000,000
       633   Peabody Canal Riverwalk        Peabody                   MA                              6,642,980
              Construction
       634   Planning and Design for        Boston                    MA                              2,500,000
              protecting critical
              transportation
              infrastructure and improving
              pedestrian access to the
              Northern Avenue Bridge and
              along the Fort Point Channel
       635   Reconstruction and Related     Winthrop                  MA                              5,058,493
              Work Along Revere Street
              Corridor
       636   Reconstruction and related     Lowell                    MA                              3,000,000
              work on VFW Highway
       637   Reconstruction of Foster       Littleton                 MA                              2,000,000
              Street
       638   Regional Bike and Walking      North Attleborough        MA                              1,500,000
              Trail (North Attleborough
              Branch)
       639   Rehab Fitchburg Intermodal     Fitchburg                 MA                                400,000
              Center
       640   Rehabilitation & Box Widening  Shrewsbury                MA                              8,000,000
              on Route 20, from Route 9 to
              South Street
       641   Rehabilitation of Boston Road  Westford                  MA                              2,000,000
       642   Replace diesel bus with        Lowell                    MA                                624,800
              hybrid bus
       643   Replace fueling station at     Lowell                    MA                                775,200
              100 Hale Street
       644   Riverbank stabilization        Haverhill                 MA                                725,000
              construction at MVRTA bus
              garage and administration
              building
       645   Roadway rehabilitation on      Ashburnham                MA                              1,000,000
              route 101 south (Ashburnham)
       646   Route 131 Bridge Project       Dudley                    MA                              1,000,000
       647   Route 28 / Route 38            Somerville                MA                              3,000,000
              Intersection Safety
              Improvements Project
       648   Ruggles Station State of Good  Roxbury                   MA                              3,000,000
              Repair Improvements
       649   Stoughton Intersection         Stoughton                 MA                              1,840,000
              Improvements at Canton St.
              (Route 27), School St., and
              Summer St.
       650   Sturbridge Roundabout          Sturbridge                MA                              1,000,000
              Construction
       651   Sudbury-Concord Bike Path      Concord                   MA                              1,000,000
              Construction (Bruce Freeman
              Trail)
       652   Taunton River Trail            Taunton                   MA                              4,800,000
       653   Union Station Regreening &     Springfield               MA                              6,000,000
              Lighting Project
       654   Walnut Street Signalization    Foxborough                MA                              2,000,000
              Project
       655   Warren Street / Blue Hill      Boston                    MA                             12,000,000
              Avenue Multi-modal Corridor
              Phase I
       656   West Rodney French             New Bedford               MA                              2,373,680
              Improvement Project
       657   West Street/Route 27           Medfield                  MA                              1,440,000
              Intersection Reconstruction
       658   Baltimore Greenway Trails      Baltimore City            MD                             13,200,000
              Network: Critical Corridor
              Advancements
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,400,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,400,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,400,000
       659   Bicycle-Pedestrian Priority    Montgomery County         MD                              6,500,000
              Area Improvements--Purple
              Line (TIP 3642 Pedestrian
              Safety Program)
       660   Dobbin Road Pathway            Columbia                  MD                              3,200,000
       661   Dual Locomotives for Commuter  Baltimore City            MD                              2,000,000
              Rail Service in the Future
              B&P Tunnel
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,000,000
       662   East-West Priority Corridor    Baltimore                 MD                             15,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
       663   Electric Bus Grants            Rockville, Silver Spring  MD                              4,992,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,937,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,780,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,275,000
       664   Fayette Street Bridge          Cumberland                MD                              4,800,000
              Replacement
       665   Frederick and Pennsylvania     City of Frederick and     MD                              2,560,000
              Railroad Trail                 Walkersville
       666   Howard County Flash Extension  Columbia                  MD                              3,200,000
       667   I-81 Phase 2 Reconstruction    Hagerstown                MD                              4,620,000
       668   Interstate 95/Greenbelt METRO/ Greenbelt                 MD                             20,000,000
              MARC Station Access and
              Redevelopment Project
       669   MicroTransit & Demand          Owings Mills              MD                              2,019,012
              Response Electric Transit
              Vehicles and Infrastructure
       670   New Carrollton Metro/MARC/     Landover                  MD                             18,480,000
              Amtrak/Purple Line
              Multimodal Transit District
              Right-of-Way Improvements
       671   Northwest Expressway (I-795)   Owings Mills              MD                                800,000
              at Dolfield Boulevard
              Interchange Redesign
       672   Parole Transportation Center   Annapolis                 MD                              2,000,000
       673   US 1 Safety Projects           North Laurel, Savage,     MD                              3,200,000
                                             Jessup, Elkridge
       674   US 15 Frederick Freeway        Frederick                 MD                              8,800,000
              Reconstruction
       675   US 29 Rapid Transit            Silver Spring             MD                              4,000,000
              Improvements--Phase 2 Design
       676   Veirs Mill /Randolph Bicycle   Rockville                 MD                              6,000,000
              & Pedestrian Priority
              Improvements
       677   Woodley Road Extension to MD   Aberdeen                  MD                              5,000,000
              715
       678   Berwick Route 9--Intersection  Berwick                   ME                                800,000
              Improvements
       679   Casco Bay Lines Replacement    Portland                  ME                              7,500,000
              Ferry
       680   Maine State Ferry Vessel       Rockland                  ME                              7,500,000
              Replacement
       681   Milo, Sebec River Bridge       Milo                      ME                              8,000,000
              Replacements and Village
              Improvements
       682   New Transit Hub                Bangor                    ME                                327,600
       683   Sanford SRTS Multi-Use Trail   Sanford                   ME                                400,000
       684   Sanford US Route 202/State     Sanford                   ME                              3,600,000
              Route 4A
       685   U.S. Route 1 Improvements      Van Buren                 ME                             10,700,000
       686   10 Mile Signal Modernization   Center Line               MI                                550,068
       687   14 Mile Rd Rehabilitation,     Beverly Hills             MI                              1,208,080
              Lahser to Evergreen
       688   14 Mile Road                   Roseville                 MI                              3,100,000
       689   21 Mile Road Bridge            Macomb Township           MI                              1,616,800
              Replacement over the Gloede
              Drain
       690   Airport Road Rehabilitation    Blackman Township,        MI                              4,930,000
              Project                        Jackson County
       691   Beck Road Business Corridor    Wixom                     MI                             18,612,000
              Railroad Grade Crossing
              Safety Project
       692   Bridge and Pedestrian          Detroit                   MI                              1,838,812
              Facility Upgrades on the
              Detroit Riverwalk
       693   Bristol Road and Van Slyke     Flint Township            MI                                700,000
              Road Concrete Pavement
              Reconstruction Project
       694   Bristol Road: Mill and         Burton                    MI                              1,248,000
              Resurface
       695   Burcham Dr.                    East Lansing              MI                              1,017,838
       696   Center Road Reconstruction     Genesee Township          MI                                600,000
              Project
       697   Coolidge Rd (Road              East Lansing              MI                                883,359
              Rehabilitation and Bike
              Lanes)
       698   Division Avenue Project        Grand Rapids              MI                              4,200,000
       699   E Michigan Avenue              Lansing                   MI                              2,589,121
       700   Feher Drive Reconstruction &   Montrose                  MI                                680,000
              Pedestrian Improvement
              Project
       701   Fenton Road Bridge over the    Flint                     MI                                400,000
              Thread Creek
       702   Flint Mass Transportation      Flint                     MI                              1,062,387
              Authority (MTA) Rides to
              Wellness Facility Expansion/
              Renovation
       703   Genesee Street Bridge over     Lapeer                    MI                              1,896,750
              Farmers Creek
       704   Grandville Avenue Project      Grand Rapids              MI                              4,000,000
       705   Haist Road over Pigeon River   Winsor Township           MI                                194,000
              Preventive Maintenance
       706   Hubbard Street Rehabilitation  Mount Clemens             MI                                942,400
       707   Inkster Road Bridge Over the   Inkster                   MI                                329,600
              Lower Rouge River--Capital
              Preventative Maintenance
       708   Intelligent Transportation     Pontiac                   MI                              2,240,000
              Systems Capital Investments
              in Traffic Signals on M-59
       709   Iron Belle Trail               Burton                    MI                              1,200,000
       710   Joe Louis Greenway Hamtramck   City of Hamtramck         MI                              3,920,000
              Drive Shared Use Path
       711   Kalamazoo US-131/US-131BR      Kalamazoo                 MI                             14,745,600
       712   Kelly Road                     Fraser                    MI                              3,500,000
       713   King Road Bridge Replacement   China Township            MI                              2,299,800
              over the Belle River
       714   Kuhl Road over Shebeon Drain   Fairhaven Township        MI                              1,282,400
              Bridge Replacement
       715   Lake Shore Drive, Houghton     Calumet and Hancock       MI                              1,040,000
              County, Michigan               Township
       716   M-143W                         Lansing                   MI                                597,767
       717   M-46 and M-19 Reconstruction   Elmer Township            MI                             10,073,042
       718   Marlette Road Bridge over      Marlette                  MI                              1,406,000
              South Branch of the Cass
              River
       719   Miller Road and Rotunda Drive  Dearborn                  MI                             20,000,000
              Bridges
       720   Mound Road Industrial          Macomb County, Warren     MI                             11,000,000
              Corridor Technology and
              Innovation Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................       10,000,000
       721   Mt. Vernon Street              Southfield                MI                              4,400,000
              Reconstruction
       722   N Cedar St                     Mason                     MI                              2,543,083
       723   N Putnam St                    Williamston               MI                                375,000
       724   N. Leroy Streetscape and       Fenton                    MI                              1,600,000
              Resurfacing Project
       725   North Beech Daily Road         Dearborn Heights          MI                              1,417,226
              Rehabilitation Project
       726   Oakland Avenue Road            Highland Park             MI                              1,212,169
              Rehabilitation Project
       727   Oakville Waltz Road            London Township           MI                              3,728,000
       728   Orchard Lake Road from 13      Farmington Hills          MI                              1,076,085
              Mile to 14 Mile
       729   Orchard Lake Road from         City of Sylvan Lake,      MI                              2,000,000
              Middlebelt to Pontiac City     West Bloomfield and
              Limits                         Bloomfield Township in
                                             Oakland County
       730   Ottawa Avenue Project          Grand Rapids              MI                                845,000
       731   Pedestrian Improvements on US- Wayne                     MI                                828,000
              12
       732   Pennsylvania Road Grade        On border of City of      MI                             15,000,000
              Separation                     Romulus and Huron
                                             Township
       733   Pierson Road Reconstruction    Mt. Morris Township       MI                              2,400,000
              Project
       734   Plank Road over US-23          Milan                     MI                              4,335,618
       735   Reid Road Downtown             Grand Blanc               MI                                700,000
              Streetscape and
              Rehabilitation Spur
              Community Project
       736   Resurfacing of 12 Mile Road    Southfield                MI                                750,000
              in Southfield from
              Northwester Hwy to Telegraph
              Road
       737   S Pennsylvania Ave             Lansing                   MI                              1,472,000
       738   Saginaw Street Road            Flint                     MI                              1,600,000
              Reconstruction Project
       739   Saginaw Transit Authority      Saginaw                   MI                              2,388,456
              Regional Services (STARS)
              Bus Replacement
       740   Saginaw Transit Authority      Saginaw                   MI                                200,000
              Regional Services (STARS)
              Potter Street Station Study
       741   Silver Lake Road Connector     Fenton and Linden         MI                                868,682
              Trail
       742   Skanee Road Improvements       L'Anse and Arvon          MI                              7,530,000
              (from Jentoft Road to Town     Townships
              Road)
       743   Skanee Road Improvements       Arvon Township            MI                              4,000,000
              (from Town Road to Portice
              Road)
       744   Snyder Rd.                     East Lansing              MI                                263,500
       745   St. Ignace Road                Marquette Township        MI                                800,000
              Reconstruction
       746   State Park Drive               Charter Township of       MI                              2,000,000
              Reconstruction                 Bangor and Bay City
       747   US-12 over the Coldwater       Coldwater                 MI                                645,360
              River Reconstruction
       748   US-127 and US-223 Resurfacing  Addison                   MI                              4,800,000
       749   W Grand River Rd               Howell                    MI                                296,826
       750   W Silver Bell Rd               Auburn Hills and Orion    MI                              4,200,000
                                             Township
       751   Waverly Rd                     Lansing                   MI                                744,762
       752   Wealthy Street- Fuller Ave to  Grand Rapids              MI                              7,250,000
              East City Limits
       753   Wenona Avenue Reconstruction   Bay City                  MI                              2,325,000
       754   Apple Valley Transit Station   Apple Valley              MN                                800,000
              Modernization
       755   Bottineau LRT Project          Minneapolis to Brooklyn   MN                             20,000,000
                                             Park
             .............................  ........................  ........................       10,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................       10,000,000
       756   Burnsville Bus Garage          Burnsville                MN                              2,400,000
              Modernization
       757   City of Wabasha Highway 60     Wabasha                   MN                              3,975,000
              Realignment
       758   E-Line Bus Rapid Transit       Minneapolis to Edina      MN                              5,000,000
              (BRT)
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,500,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,500,000
       759   F-Line Bus Rapid Transit       Columbia Heights          MN                              4,500,000
              (BRT)
       760   Goodhue County CSAH 2 Bridge   Red Wing                  MN                                640,000
              Replacement
       761   I-35/CSAH 50 Interchange       Lakeville                 MN                                700,000
              Preliminary Engineering
       762   I-94 Expansion                 St. Paul                  MN                             20,000,000
       763   Kellogg-Third Street Bridge    St. Paul                  MN                              7,500,000
       764   Pedestrian Bridge Over I-94    Minneapolis               MN                              3,000,000
       765   Reconnect Rondo Land Bridge    Saint Paul                MN                              5,200,000
       766   Rice Street Revitalization     Saint Paul                MN                              6,864,000
              Project
       767   University of Minnesota        Chaska                    MN                              5,840,000
              Arboretum Access and Egress
              Improvements
       768   US 169/TH 282/ CH 9            Jordan                    MN                              2,300,000
              Interchange Project
       769   US Highway 8 Reconstruction    Chisago City, Wyoming,    MN                             20,000,000
                                             Forest Lake
       770   Veterans Memorial Greenway     Eagan                     MN                              5,000,000
       771   Adding signing and striping    St. Louis                 MO                                708,800
              for wrong way counter-
              measures at various ramp
              locations throughout the St.
              Louis District
       772   Bridge improvement and         Montgomery County         MO                                720,000
              widening over Elkhorn Creek
              1.6 miles south of Rte. CC
              near Buell
       773   Bridge Rehab at Pitman Ave, I- Wentzville                MO                              3,088,000
              70, and I-64 in Wentzville
       774   Bridge Rehabilitation and      St. Louis                 MO                              2,576,000
              Pavement Repairs
       775   Chadwick Flyer Central         Springfield               MO                              4,000,000
              Greenway Trail
       776   Cliffs Drive State Scenic      Kansas City               MO                              2,160,000
              Byway Improvements
       777   Downtown Odessa                Odessa                    MO                                900,000
              Infrastructure Improvements
       778   Expand I-44 to 6 lanes in the  Springfield               MO                              1,800,000
              Springfield area
       779   Grand Street Pedestrian        Springfield               MO                              3,000,000
              Underpass and Streetscape
              Improvements
       780   Hydraulic Study for causeway   Washington                MO                                240,000
              north of Washington
       781   I-44: Bridge rehabilitation    Laclede County            MO                                331,200
              over Gasconade overflow.
              Project involves bridge
              L0753
       782   I-70: Bridge improvements      Cooper County             MO                                246,400
              over Chouteau Creek. Project
              involves bridge A5118 and
              A5119
       783   Improve bridge conditions at   Audrain County            MO                                548,800
              Rt. C in Audrain County
       784   Improve pavement condition     Randolph County           MO                                600,800
              Rt. BB Randolph County
       785   Improve pavement condition     Randolph County           MO                                763,200
              Rt. K Randolph County
       786   Interstate 35 and 19th Street  Kearney                   MO                              5,500,000
              Interchange
       787   Jazz District Pedestrian       Kansas City               MO                              6,000,000
              Plaza at 18th & Vine
       788   Kansas City Regional Zero      Kansas City               MO                             10,500,000
              Emission Electric Bus
              Program
             .............................  ........................  ........................        6,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,500,000
       789   Little Blue Trace--Rock        Kansas City               MO                                500,000
              Island Trail Connector
       790   MM Highway Expansion from I-   Republic                  MO                              3,200,000
              44 to US 60
       791   MO 100: Bridge improvements    Osage County              MO                                917,600
              over Cedar Creek Project
              involves A1848
       792   MO 100: Upgrade pedestrian     St. Louis                 MO                              2,500,000
              facilities to comply with
              ADA Transition Plan and
              pavement resurfacing from
              Rte. 61 to Big Bend Blvd,
              bridge replacement over
              Black Creek, signal
              replacement
       793   MO 127: Bridge rehabilitation  Pettis County             MO                                786,400
              over Basin Fork Creek 0.6
              mile south of Dove Road and
              0.7 mile north of Chaney
              Road. Project involves
              bridge X0439
       794   MO 13: Add turn lanes at the   Johnson County            MO                                425,600
              intersection of Rte. E
       795   MO 13: Pavement improvements   St. Clair County          MO                                748,800
              on the southbound lanes from
              SE 1100 Road to NE 201 Road
       796   MO 19: I-70 to Hermann add     Montgomery County         MO                                880,000
              shoulders
       797   MO 23: Add turn lanes at the   Johnson County            MO                                395,200
              intersection of Rte. D
       798   MO 254: Pavement improvements  Hermitage                 MO                                440,000
              from Route 64 to Route 54 in
              Hermitage.
       799   MO 38: Pavement resurfacing    Webster County            MO                                676,800
              from Rte. J to west of Rte.
              CC.
       800   MO 47: Engineering for         Troy and Hawk Point       MO                                925,600
              pavement improvements from H
              to A.
       801   MO 7: Bridge Rehabilitation    Benton County             MO                                 96,000
              over Truman Lake. Project
              involves bridge A3465
       802   MO 89: Pavement improvements   Rte. 50 to Rte. E in      MO                              2,833,600
              from Rte. 50 to Rte. E         Osage County
       803   MO94 Bridge over Treloar       Warren County             MO                                640,800
              Creek Bridge
       804   North Baltimore (Business 63)  Kirksville                MO                                955,294
              Improvements
       805   OR 70: Bridge replacement      Boone County              MO                                852,800
              over Little Cedar Creek.
              Project involves bridge
              N0974
       806   Pavement improvements and add  Pulaski County            MO                              2,656,000
              rumblestripes from I-44
              outer road to end of state
              maintenance, Rte. W from
              Rte. 7 to end of state
              maintenance, and Rte. O from
              Rte. 28 to end of state
              maintenance.
       807   Payment to St. Robert to add   St. Robert                MO                                547,200
              sidewalks and upgrade
              signalized intersection at
              St. Robert Boulevard in St.
              Robert
       808   Raum Road Bridge Replacement   Lawson                    MO                              3,128,000
       809   Riverway Boulevard             Riverside                 MO                              3,200,000
              Reconstruction
       810   RT 18: Pavement improvements   Adrian                    MO                              1,586,400
              from Rte. Y to I-49 in
              Adrian and on Loop 49 from
              Passaic to Rte. 52 in
              Butler.
       811   RT A: Bridge replacement over  Moniteau County           MO                              1,091,200
              Enon Creek. Project involves
              bridge K0851
       812   RT A: Bridge replacement over  Cole County               MO                                545,600
              Moreau Creek. Project
              involves R0235
       813   RT J: Bridge rehabilitation    Peculiar                  MO                                555,200
              over Young Branch, 0.1 mile
              south of 217th Street and
              0.4 mile northeast of Branic
              Drive in Peculiar. Project
              involves bridge A2331
       814   RT J: Bridge removal over the  Camden County             MO                                204,800
              Niangua River. Project
              involves bridge S0391
       815   RT K: Pavement improvements    Nevada                    MO                                448,000
              from I-49 to County Road
              1800 near Nevada.
       816   RT PP: Pavement improvements   Roseland                  MO                                453,600
              from Route C in Roseland to
              Route 7 in Tightwad
       817   RT T: Pavement improvements    Morgan County             MO                              3,020,000
              and add rumblestripes from
              Rte. 52 to Rte. 135 and from
              Rte. 135 to the end of state
              maintenance
       818   RT. K bridge replacement over  Montgomery County         MO                                965,600
              Dry Fork Creek Bridge
       819   Study to determine base        McKittrick                MO                                 80,000
              stability and flood
              resiliency near McKitrick
       820   Updated study for RR overpass  High Hill                 MO                              1,600,000
              near High Hill
       821   Upgrade pedestrian facilities  Windsor                   MO                                140,800
              to comply with the ADA
              Transition Plan on Rte. 2
              from Chisman Street to Rte.
              52 in Windsor and on Rte. Y
              from Rte. 52 to Wall Street
              in Windsor
       822   US 160: Pavement improvements  Lamar                     MO                                609,600
              from I-49 in Lamar Heights
              to County Road 30th Lane
              east of Lamar.
       823   US 50: Reconstruct concrete    Rte. EE to Independence   MO                              2,800,000
              pavement from Rte. EE to       Road in Franklin County
              Independence Rd.
       824   US 50: Reconstruct pavement    Rte. Y to Rte. C in       MO                              2,640,000
              from Rte. Y to Rte. C          Franklin County
       825   US 54: Study for updated       Louisiana                 MO                                800,000
              scope & estimate for shared
              4-lane from Mexico to
              Louisiana
             .............................  ........................  ........................          400,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          400,000
       826   US60 and Route 125             Rogersville               MO                              5,250,000
              Interchange
       827   US65: Pavement improvements    Warsaw                    MO                              1,049,600
              from the Osage River in
              Warsaw to 0.4 mile south of
              Rte. MM.
       828   West Florissant Avenue Great   Ferguson, Dellwood, and   MO                             10,000,000
              Streets                        Jennings
       829   A/E Design for the Fixed       Saipan                    MP                                300,000
              Route Bus Stops
       830   Construction of Bus Transfer   Saipan                    MP                                900,000
              Stations at the Northern
              Marianas College, Paseo De
              Marianas and Kagman
       831   Construction of the            Saipan                    MP                              3,000,000
              Commonwealth Office of
              Transit Authority Covered
              Bus Parking Facility
       832   Design and Construction of     Rota                      MP                                520,000
              the Rota Transit Maintenance
              Facility
       833   Design and Construction of     Tinian                    MP                                520,000
              Tinian Transit Maintenance
              Facility
       834   Procurement of Four (4)        Rota and Tinian           MP                                480,000
              Rolling Stocks for Rota and
              Tinian Demand Responsive
              Services
       835   Route 10 Drainage              Rota                      MP                              2,000,000
              Improvements and Road
              Overlay
       836   Route 205 Road and Drainage    Tinian                    MP                              2,000,000
              Improvements
       837   Route 30 (Chalan Pale Arnold)  Saipan                    MP                              2,000,000
              Safety Improvements
       838   Route 302 (Naftan Road)        Saipan                    MP                              2,000,000
              Improvements
       839   Supply and Installation of     Saipan                    MP                              4,500,000
              187 Bus Stop Shelters
       840   Supply of Maintenance          Saipan                    MP                                400,000
              Equipment & Tools for the
              COTA Maintenance Facility
       841   Bulldog Way Extended           Starkville                MS                              3,360,000
              Improvements
       842   Jackson Point Road Bridge      Wilkinson County          MS                              4,000,000
       843   Mississippi Band of Choctaw    Choctaw                   MS                              2,653,195
              Indians Multi-Road Overlay
              Project
       844   Morgantown Road Safety         Natchez                   MS                              2,400,000
              Improvements
       845   Bozeman Segment One--Reunion   Madison                   MS                              4,000,000
              Access Network
       846   Airport Boulevard Sidewalk     Morrisville               NC                                208,000
       847   Atlantic & Yadkin Greenway,    Greensboro                NC                              6,400,000
              Phase 2
       848   Avent Ferry Road Realignment   Holly Springs             NC                              1,000,000
       849   B-5871 Replace Bridge no. 628  Lake Lure                 NC                              8,000,000
              Over Lake Lure 5250. Dam and
              Broad River
       850   Black Creek Greenway           Cary                      NC                              4,984,800
       851   Bryant Bridge North/Goose      Durham                    NC                              2,320,000
              Creek West Trail
       852   Bus Replacement Funding for    Chapel Hill               NC                              8,000,000
              Triangle Transit Systems
       853   CATS Battery Electric Bus      Charlotte                 NC                              8,000,000
              Fleet Transition
       854   Downtown Pedestrian Bridge     Rocky Mount               NC                              4,000,000
       855   Duke Beltline Trail            Durham                    NC                              7,726,000
       856   EB-5753 Baldwin Avenue         Marion                    NC                                349,600
              Sidewalk Project
       857   Electric buses and charging    Greensboro                NC                              2,759,000
              infrastructure, City of
              Greensboro
       858   Festival Street                Cornelius                 NC                              2,200,000
       859   Fuquay-Varina Townwide ITS/    Fuquay-Varina             NC                              2,560,000
              Signal System
       860   GoRaleigh/GoWake Coordinated   Raleigh                   NC                              9,000,000
              ADA Paratransit Facility
       861   Greenville Bridge Repair and   Greenville                NC                              2,851,200
              Replacement
       862   Hanging Dog Bridge             Murphy                    NC                              1,676,000
       863   High Point Heritage Greenway-- High Point                NC                              4,000,000
              Phase 1
       864   Jonathan Creek Safety Project  Maggie Valley             NC                                160,000
       865   Military Cutoff Road (US 17)/  Wilmington                NC                              3,840,000
              Eastwood Road (US 74)
              Interchange (Drysdale Drive
              Extension)
       866   N. Fork Coweeta Creek Bridge   Otta                      NC                                452,000
              Replacement
       867   Pender Street Pedestrian       Wilson                    NC                              8,400,000
              Improvement, Infrastructure
              Repair, and Resurfacing
       868   RIDE- Rural Microtransit       Wilson                    NC                              2,000,000
       869   Silas Creek Parkway Sidewalk   Winston-Salem             NC                              4,533,600
       870   South Tar River Greenway       Greenville                NC                              1,775,000
       871   Streetlighting on High Injury  Charlotte                 NC                              8,000,000
              Network
       872   Transit Bus Stop Improvements  Chapel Hill               NC                                900,000
       873   US 19/129 Road Improvements    Murphy                    NC                              3,851,000
       874   US 74/NC 108 Interchange       Columbus                  NC                              1,000,000
       875   Heartland Expressway Phase     Minatare                  NE                             10,000,000
              III
       876   Signal System Master Plan      Omaha                     NE                             20,000,000
              Accelerated Implementation
       877   US-275 Norfolk to Wisner       Norfolk to Wisner         NE                             20,000,000
       878   Ashuelot-Trail Cheshire Trail  Swanzey                   NH                              1,200,000
              (42511)
       879   Bedford 40664--U.S. 3          Bedford                   NH                              4,980,000
              Widening from Hawthorne
              Drive North to Manchester
              Airport Access Road
       880   Claremont Intersection         Claremont                 NH                              1,000,000
              Improvements (13428)
       881   Conway Phase II Pathway        Conway                    NH                              1,656,000
       882   Derry Rail Trail (Folsom Rd    Derry                     NH                                792,000
              to Londonderry town line)
       883   George Street Bridge (40653)   Keene                     NH                                729,191
       884   Gorham Sidewalk (Route 2       Gorham                    NH                                898,196
              (Lancaster Rd))
       885   Heritage Rail Trail East       Nashua                    NH                              1,200,000
       886   Littleton Sidewalk Project     Littleton                 NH                                710,159
              (41362)
       887   Loudon Intersection            Loudon                    NH                              2,347,256
              Improvements (40632)
       888   Malboro Street Cheshire Rail   Keene                     NH                                681,123
              Trail (42515)
       889   Maplewood Avenue Complete      Portsmouth                NH                              2,804,300
              Streets
       890   Merrimack River Greenway       Concord                   NH                              1,584,800
       891   Multi-use Path Connecting      Warner                    NH                                920,000
              Warner Village to Exit 9
              Business Area
       892   NH 128 and Sherburne Road and  Pelham                    NH                              1,240,000
              Mammoth and 111A
       893   Pedestrian Bridge Crossing     Manchester                NH                              3,360,000
              Granite Street
       894   Plymouth Sidewalk Project      Plymouth                  NH                                414,000
       895   Reconstruct Mechanic St /      Lebanon                   NH                              2,400,000
              High St / Mascoma St
              Intersection (4094)
       896   Rt 11 Safety and Capacity      Rochester                 NH                              5,664,000
              Improvements
       897   Spruce Street Connector        Nashua                    NH                              1,000,000
       898   Trestle Bridge--Mill City      Franklin                  NH                              1,200,000
              Park Trail
       899   Waterville Valley Pedestrian   Waterville Valley         NH                                948,110
              Improvements
       900   Whitefield Sidewalk Project    Whitefield                NH                                396,704
       901   Berkshire Valley Road Truck    Kenvil (Roxbury           NJ                              2,000,000
              Circulation Project            Township)
       902   Bloomfield Avenue Roadway      West Caldwell, Caldwell,  NJ                             10,000,000
              Improvements & Traffic         North Caldwell, Verona,
              Signal Modernization           Montclair, Glen Ridge,
                                             Bloomfield, and Newark
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        5,000,000
       903   Bloomfield Station             Bloomfield                NJ                              2,000,000
              Rehabilitation Project
       904   Carteret Ferry Terminal        Carteret                  NJ                              5,625,000
              Project
       905   City of Passaic Pedestrian     Passaic                   NJ                                883,432
              Greenway Project
       906   Construction of Pedestrian     Long Valley (Washington   NJ                              1,000,000
              Bridge on Columbia Trail       Township)
              (Relocation of Openaki
              Bridge Truss)
       907   Cranford Station               Cranford                  NJ                              1,120,000
              Rehabilitation Project
       908   Dennisville Petersburg Road    Dennis Township           NJ                              1,640,000
              (CR 610) Resurfacing
              Improvements
       909   Dunellen Bikeway and           Dunellen                  NJ                                475,723
              Pedestrian Safety
              Improvements
       910   East Orange Train Station      East Orange               NJ                                800,000
       911   Enhanced Laydown Area for      Paulsboro                 NJ                              4,750,000
              Offshore Wind Industry,
              Paulsboro Marine Terminal
       912   Freehold's Parking             Freehold Borough          NJ                                557,716
              Improvement project
       913   Great Falls Gateway Phase II   Paterson                  NJ                                972,000
       914   Hackettstown Mobility          Hackettstown              NJ                              4,712,000
              Improvement
       915   Hamilton Street Plaza Project  Bound Brook               NJ                              1,760,000
       916   Hand Avenue (CR-658) Bridge    Middle Township           NJ                              1,310,000
              Over Skeeter Island Creek
       917   Highlands Rail Trail Phase II  Wanaque                   NJ                                800,000
       918   Hudson County's County Avenue  Secaucus                  NJ                              1,400,000
              Reconstruction
       919   Irvington Avenue Sidewalks     South Orange              NJ                              2,750,000
              and Streetscape Improvements
       920   Jackson Avenue/Riverside       Rutherford                NJ                                250,000
              Avenue Improvements Project
       921   Kingsland Avenue Bridge        Lyndhurst and Nutley      NJ                              5,000,000
              Replacement Project
       922   Koleda Park Improvement        Middletown                NJ                                800,000
              Project
       923   Lackawanna Cut-off Culvert     Byram                     NJ                              1,600,000
              Relocation
       924   Lincoln Avenue Drainage        Elizabeth                 NJ                              2,080,000
              Improvements Project
       925   Long Branch Intermodal         Long Branch               NJ                             13,000,000
              Station Project
       926   McBride Avenue Roundabout      Woodland Park             NJ                                960,000
              Project
       927   Mercer County Bus Purchase     West Trenton              NJ                                732,000
       928   Mercer County Electric         Trenton                   NJ                                454,500
              Vehicles and Electric
              Vehicle Charging Stations
       929   Mercer County Roadway Safety   Mercer County             NJ                                640,000
              Improvements
       930   Newark Broad Street Signal     Newark                    NJ                              1,650,000
              Optimization
       931   North Broad Street             Newark                    NJ                              1,200,000
              Redevelopment Project
       932   Ocean Drive (CR621) Upgrades   Lower Township            NJ                              7,000,000
              and Bridge Improvements
       933   Parkside Neighborhood School   Camden                    NJ                              6,000,000
              and Pedestrian Traffic
              Safety
       934   Passaic Bus Terminal Canopy    Passaic                   NJ                              1,600,000
       935   Patriots Way Bridge            Oakland                   NJ                              4,184,830
              Superstructure Replacement
       936   Pedestrian Bridge at the       Paterson                  NJ                              1,000,000
              Great Falls National
              Historical Park
       937   Pedestrian Improvement for     Township of Woodbridge    NJ                              1,250,000
              Metro Park
       938   Permanent Ferry Terminal       Bayonne                   NJ                              4,321,600
              Peninsula Project
       939   Pleasant Avenue & Park Avenue  Weehawken                 NJ                              7,520,000
              / Pedestrian & Vehicular
              Safety Improvements &
              Restoration Project
       940   Point Pleasant Beach Channel   Point Pleasant Beach      NJ                              1,399,785
              Drive ADA Compliance Upgrade   Borough
              and Surface Revitalization
              project
       941   Pompton River Rail Bridge      Township of Pequannock,   NJ                              1,500,000
              (Pequannock Valley             Morris County, and
              Pedestrian Trail)              Township of Wayne,
              Substructure Repair            Passaic County
       942   Reconstruction of Pedestrian   Bridgewater               NJ                              1,280,000
              Bridges over Cole Drive
              (Bridgewater Train Station)
       943   Replacement of Morris County   Montville/Pine Brooke     NJ                              2,000,000
              Bridge 1400-433 on
              Bloomfield Avenue over a
              Tributary to Passaic River
              in the Township of
              Montville, Morris County
       944   Replacement of Morris County   Denville                  NJ                              1,000,000
              Bridge 1400-935 on Lenape
              Island Road over Indian Lake
              in the Township of Denville,
              Morris County
       945   River Road Overpass            West New York             NJ                              5,200,000
       946   River Road Subsurface Soil     Edgewater                 NJ                              1,760,000
              Stabilization
       947   Roadway Rehabilitation East    Somerdale, Hi-Nella,      NJ                              1,500,000
              Atlantic Avenue CR727          Stratford
       948   Roadway Rehabilitation         Lawnside, Magnolia,       NJ                              2,500,000
              Evesham Road, CR 544           Somerdale, Cherry Hill,
                                             Voorhees
       949   Roadway Rehabilitation Haddon  Haddon Township,          NJ                              3,000,000
              Ave. CR561                     Collingswood
       950   Roadway Rehabilitation Red     Woodbury                  NJ                              1,765,000
              Bank Avenue CR644
       951   Route 202, First Avenue        Raritan                   NJ                              3,340,685
              Intersection Improvements -
              Right of Way Acquisitions
       952   Route 29 Tunnel Ventilation    Trenton                   NJ                              2,400,000
              System
       953   Route 33 Bridge Over           Millstone Township        NJ                              3,640,000
              Millstone River
       954   Route 35 Bridge Over the       Wall                      NJ                              3,736,000
              North Branch of Wreck Pond
       955   Route 55/Route 47 Interchange  Millville                 NJ                              9,250,000
       956   Seaside Heights Boardwalk      Seaside Heights           NJ                                400,000
              Replacement
       957   Shaler Boulevard Streetscape   Ridgefield                NJ                                250,000
              Project
       958   Skyline Drive Bicycle and      Ringwood                  NJ                                800,000
              Pedestrian Bridge
       959   South Orange Avenue            Newark                    NJ                              4,000,000
              Streetscape Improvement
              Project
       960   Study & Engineering Design     Hopatcong                 NJ                              2,360,000
              for the Rehabilitation or
              Replacement of Sussex County
              Bridge K-03 in the Borough
              of Hopatcong
       961   Sussex County Guide Rail       Frankford and Wantage     NJ                              1,000,000
              Upgrade Program
       962   Sussex County Skylands Ride    Hamburg                   NJ                                400,000
              Capital Project
       963   Teaneck Pedestrian Overpass    Teaneck                   NJ                              4,000,000
              Replacement
       964   Tenafly Roadway Resurface &    Borough of Tenafly        NJ                              1,545,000
              Improvements
       965   The County Road 539 Overpass   Plumstead                 NJ                              8,000,000
              Project
             .............................  ........................  ........................        7,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,000,000
       966   Traffic Signal Optimization/   Newark                    NJ                              1,600,000
              Adaptive Signals Along
              McCarter Highway (Route 21)
       967   U.S. Route 130/Delaware        Florence Township         NJ                             17,320,000
              Avenue/Florence Columbus
              Road Intersection
              Improvements
       968   Union County Structurally      Union Township            NJ                                400,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative -
               Allen Ave. Bridge, Township
              of Union
       969   Union County Structurally      Kenilworth                NJ                                600,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative -
               Faitoute Ave. Bridge,
              Kenilworth
       970   Union County Structurally      Summit                    NJ                                600,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative--
              High Street Bridge
       971   Union County Structurally      Summit                    NJ                                760,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative -
               Oakland Place Bridge
       972   Union County Structurally      Summit                    NJ                                800,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative -
               Pine Grove Avenue Bridge
       973   Union County Structurally      Summit                    NJ                                600,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative -
               Shunpike Road Bridge
       974   Union County Structurally      Cranford                  NJ                                800,000
              Deficient Bridge Initiative--
              Spring Garden Bridge,
              Cranford
       975   West County Drive (CR 646)     Township of Branchburg    NJ                              6,493,600
              Extension
       976   West Milford Bikeway           West Milford              NJ                                536,000
              Connector Project
       977   Willingboro EV Charging        Willingboro               NJ                                800,000
              Stations
       978   Woodbine Bikeway and           Borough of Woodbine       NJ                                800,000
              Trailhead Improvements
       979   Arroyo De Los Chamisos         Santa Fe                  NM                              4,900,000
              Crossing
       980   Coal Avenue Commons ``Event    Gallup                    NM                              3,500,000
              Street''
       981   County Road 43--Superman       McKinley County--         NM                              4,500,000
              Canyon Bridges                 Churchrock Chapter
       982   Foothills Drive Enhancement    Farmington                NM                              1,324,800
              Phase III
       983   Kilgore Street Improvements    Portales                  NM                              2,079,000
       984   Rio Lucero Road Improvement    Taos Pueblo               NM                              3,048,910
              Project
       985   Wild Rose Road (Route #670)    Santa Clara Pueblo        NM                                618,000
              and Pedestrian Improvement
              Project
       986   Arlington Avenue Bridges       Reno                      NV                              6,000,000
              Project
       987   Charleston Boulevard           Las Vegas                 NV                              7,000,000
              Underpass
       988   Charleston Park Avenue         Pahrump                   NV                              1,552,079
              Reconstruction Project
       989   Coleman Road Expansion         Fallon                    NV                              5,000,000
       990   Hydrogen Fuel Cell Bus and     Reno                      NV                              5,240,000
              Fuel Site Project
       991   I-15 South Package 2--Sloan    Las Vegas                 NV                              5,000,000
              to Blue Diamond
       992   Maryland Parkway Bus Rapid     Las Vegas                 NV                              5,000,000
              Transit Zero Emission Fleet
       993   North Las Vegas Street Light   North Las Vegas           NV                             12,000,000
              Conversion
       994   Rancho Drive Complete Streets  Las Vegas                 NV                              3,000,000
              Improvements
       995   SR28 Central Corridor Sand     Carson City               NV                              1,760,000
              Harbor to Spooner--Secret
              Harbor to Skunk Harbor
              Trail, Parking and Safety
              Improvements
       996   William Street Complete        Carson City               NV                              2,000,000
              Streets Project
       997   ADA: Classon Ave / Crosstown   Brooklyn                  NY                              5,000,000
              Line (G Train)
       998   ADA: Forest Hills Platform     Queens                    NY                             16,910,000
              Extensions & Elevators
       999   ADA: Parkchester-E.177 St /    Bronx                     NY                             15,000,000
              Pelham Line (6 Train)
      1000   Asharoken Avenue               Northport                 NY                                800,000
      1001   Bannister Creek Bridge         Lawrence                  NY                              4,940,000
              Rehabilitation
      1002   Basher Pedestrian Bridge       Tarrytown                 NY                                494,400
              Rehabilitation
      1003   Bayville Bridge                Bayville                  NY                             14,489,446
      1004   Bridge Repair/Safety           Tarrytown                 NY                              1,096,395
              Assurance, Westchester
              County
      1005   Bridge Replacement of CR46     Brookhaven                NY                              7,200,000
              (William Floyd Parkway) over
              Narrow Bay
      1006   Broadway Junction              Brooklyn                  NY                              8,000,000
              Improvements Phase 1,
              Brooklyn, NY, 8th
              Congressional District
      1007   City of Poughkeepsie Market    Poughkeepsie              NY                              2,400,000
              Street Connectivity Project
      1008   Concrete Pavement              Brookhaven                NY                              7,998,048
              Rehabilitation I-495
      1009   County Route 7&8--RTE 299      Towns of New Paltz and    NY                              3,600,000
              Roadway Repaving               Gardiner
      1010   Craig Street Corridor Project  Schenectady               NY                              2,700,000
      1011   Del Valle Square/Crames        Bronx                     NY                              4,870,000
              Square Traffic, Safety, and
              Plaza Improvements
      1012   DL&W Station                   Buffalo                   NY                              5,000,000
      1013   Electric Bus Charging          Rochester                 NY                                800,000
              Facility
      1014   Elmwood Avenue Multiuse        Rochester                 NY                              8,596,000
              Corridor Improvement
      1015   Griswold Road over Murder      Darien                    NY                              1,203,200
              Creek Bridge Replacement
      1016   Half Moon Bay Bridge           Croton-on-Hudson          NY                              1,500,000
              Reconstruction Project
      1017   Heritage Trail Extension:      Town of Goshen            NY                                500,000
              Hartley Road to Downtown
              Middletown (Segment 2)
      1018   High Line Connections--Hudson  New York                  NY                              5,000,000
              River Park / Javits Center
              Connection
      1019   Highland Avenue over Wallace   Otisville                 NY                              1,250,000
              Street
      1020   Highway and Pedestrian Safety  Kiryas Joel               NY                              1,380,000
              Infrastructure Improvements
      1021   Highway Improvements to the    Oyster Bay                NY                              1,000,000
              Interval Avenue Area,
              Farmingdale
      1022   Hudson Highlands Fjord Trail   Beacon                    NY                              4,350,000
      1023   Hudson Line Tunnels            Peekskill                 NY                              4,550,000
      1024   I-84/Route 9D Connectivity     Beacon and Town of        NY                                400,000
              (Beacon-Fishkill)              Fishkill
      1025   Improvements to East Lincoln   Oyster Bay                NY                              1,000,000
              Avenue, Riverdale Avnenue
              and Pirates Cove, Massapequa
      1026   Inner Loop North               Rochester                 NY                              4,000,000
              Transformation Project
      1027   Lake St. Bridge Project        Newburgh                  NY                              1,750,000
      1028   Lake to Lake Road Bridge       Town of Gorham            NY                              1,464,000
              Replacement
      1029   Level 2 EV Charging Network    Queens                    NY                                734,400
              in NYCDOT Municipal Parking
              Facilities
      1030   Little Bay Park Promenade      Bayside                   NY                              1,000,000
      1031   Long Beach Road Improvements,  Rockville Centre          NY                              4,780,000
              South Hempstead, NY
      1032   Multi-Modal Phase I/           Amsterdam                 NY                              4,500,000
              Pedestrian Connector Project
      1033   Newburgh Ferry Landing Pier    Newburgh                  NY                              4,000,000
      1034   Northport Flooding on Main     Northport                 NY                              1,392,000
              St.
      1035   Northwest Bronx School Safety  Bronx                     NY                              2,331,000
              Improvement Project
      1036   NY 146 and NY146A Bicycle &    Clifton Park              NY                              1,055,000
              Pedestrian Access
              Improvements
      1037   NYS Route 133 Bike Lane        Ossining                  NY                              1,500,000
      1038   Onondaga Lake Canalways        Syracuse                  NY                              8,000,000
              Trail--Salina Extension
              Project
      1039   Orange-Dutchess                Goshen                    NY                                400,000
              Transportation Access and
              Mobility Study
      1040   Outer Harbor Multi-Use Trails  Buffalo                   NY                              2,000,000
      1041   Park Ave--Ingersoll Houses     Brooklyn                  NY                              1,942,000
              Safety Improvements
      1042   Perry Road (CR 64) Highway     Mt. Morris                NY                              1,440,000
              Rehabilitation
      1043   Phase 1 of the New York State  Auburn                    NY                              2,778,400
              Route 38 - State Street
              Pavement Preservation
              Project
      1044   Preventative Maintenance       Town of Johnstown &       NY                              3,394,752
              Pavement from Route 67/Route   Ephratah
              10 Ephratah to Johnstown
              City Line
      1045   Purchase of Eight Electric     Albany                    NY                              6,000,000
              Buses for Use in Emerging
              Markets - Montgomery County
      1046   Putnam County's Donald B.      Carmel                    NY                              1,500,000
              Smith Transit Hub
      1047   Rapids Road Highway            Lockport                  NY                              4,000,000
              Improvements
      1048   Reconstruction of Osborne      Auburn                    NY                              4,407,200
              Street
      1049   Reconstruction of the          Oneonta                   NY                              3,200,000
              Intersection of Rt 7, Rt 23
              and Maple St in Oneonta into
              Roundabout Configuration
      1050   Replacement of the Bridge      Schoharie                 NY                              6,254,400
              Street Bridge over Schoharie
              Creek
      1051   Restoration of Van Cortlandt   Croton-on-Hudson          NY                                600,000
              Manor Entrance Road Project
      1052   Riverside Drive Pedestrian     New York                  NY                              2,400,000
              Mall
      1053   Rose Road over Bowen Creek     Batavia                   NY                              1,033,600
              Bridge Replacement
      1054   Route 104 Intersection         Ontario                   NY                              1,254,400
              Improvement Project
      1055   Route 2 Multi-Modal            Troy                      NY                              5,700,000
              Connectivity Project
      1056   Route 28/South Inlet Lake      Town of Arietta           NY                              6,621,248
      1057   Route 31 Improvement Project   Wayne County              NY                              2,970,400
      1058   RT 12E/ Chaumont River         Village of Chaumont       NY                              9,984,000
      1059   Safe and Accessible Midtown    Kingston                  NY                              6,053,818
              Kingston
      1060   Safe Passage for CRCS          Cuba                      NY                              1,472,000
              Students
      1061   Safe Routes to School-         Bronx                     NY                              1,682,000
             Bronx
             (HWCSCH4D)
      1062   Safe Routes to School--        New York                  NY                              3,643,000
              Manhattan (HWCSCHMN)
      1063   Safe Routes to Transit 86th    Brooklyn                  NY                              2,516,000
              Street
      1064   Sands Point Preserve Bridge    Village of Sands Point    NY                              1,784,000
      1065   Sharp Road (CR 181) over       Concord                   NY                              1,400,000
              Spring Brook Bridge
              Replacement
      1066   Shoreline Trail                Lackawanna and Hamburg    NY                              2,000,000
      1067   Southeast Queens Flooding      Queens                    NY                              3,859,000
              Relief
      1068   Street Restoration in          Brooklyn                  NY                              4,884,000
              Brooklyn--Hancock St,
              Bushwick Ave, Hill St, E
              80th St
      1069   The Maiden Lane                Greece                    NY                              6,604,000
              Rehabilitation Project
      1070   The New Rochelle LINC Project  New Rochelle              NY                             13,000,000
      1071   The Riverline                  Buffalo                   NY                             10,500,000
      1072   Twin Cities Highway Complete   Tonawanda and North       NY                                500,000
              Streets                        Tonawanda
      1073   Ulster County Electric Bus     Kingston                  NY                                800,000
              Charging Infrastructure
      1074   Union Turnpike Center Median   Queens                    NY                              2,355,200
              Replacement
      1075   Van Wyck Expressway Access     Queens                    NY                             16,141,000
              Improvement to John F.
              Kennedy Airport
      1076   Victor Traffic Mitigation      Victor                    NY                              9,920,000
              Project
      1077   Village of Ossining Route 9    Ossining                  NY                              1,000,000
              Road Diet Project
      1078   Water Street Rejuvenation      Elmira                    NY                              1,289,400
              Project
      1079   West Broadway Rehabilitation   Woodmere to Cedarhurst    NY                              9,670,000
      1080   West Lake Road (CR 3)          Perry                     NY                                931,478
              Preventative Maintenance
      1081   Williams Bridge Station        Bronx                     NY                             14,675,000
              Renewal
      1082   Yonkers Greenway               Yonkers                   NY                              1,791,600
      1083   11th Street Reconstruction     Canton                    OH                              1,500,000
              Project
      1084   Arlington Road Corridor        Green                     OH                              5,578,551
      1085   Bagley Road Reconstruction     North Ridgeville          OH                              1,500,000
      1086   BRO-32-4.16                    Mt. Orab                  OH                             10,000,000
      1087   Cherry Rd Bridges              Massillon                 OH                              1,480,000
              Rehabilitation
      1088   CLE CR 3 - Aicholtz Road       Cincinnati                OH                              2,000,000
              Roundabouts
      1089   CLE SR32-2.33 - CLE CR55       Batavia                   OH                              1,500,000
              Overpass
      1090   Cleveland Avenue Multimodal    Westerville               OH                                800,000
              Facility Project
      1091   Columbia Road--I-90            Westlake                  OH                              1,900,000
              Interchange
      1092   E. Main Street (SR153) &       Louisville                OH                              1,200,000
              Nickel Plate Intersection
              Improvement
      1093   East Dayton Rails-to-Trails    Dayton                    OH                              2,000,000
              (Flight Line)
      1094   Easton Street/GlenOak HS       Canton                    OH                                575,000
              Intersection Improvements
      1095   Electric Trolley Power         Dayton                    OH                              3,600,000
              Distribution System
      1096   French Creek Greenway Phase 1  Avon                      OH                                595,637
      1097   Gaysport Bridge Replacement    Philo                     OH                              3,000,000
              Project
      1098   HAM-75-1.95                    Cincinnati                OH                              8,640,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,320,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        4,320,000
      1099   Hydrogen Infrastructure Tank   Canton                    OH                              1,000,000
              Increase
      1100   Interchange Construction       Sunbury                   OH                              3,000,000
              Project on I-71 at Sunbury
              Parkway
      1101   Kungle Road Culvert            Norton                    OH                                308,000
              Replacement
      1102   LUC IR 475 @ US 20A            Lucas County              OH                             10,000,000
              Interchange
      1103   Main Street Corridor           Mansfield                 OH                              2,000,000
              Improvement Plan
      1104   Miller Road--I77 Interchange   Brecksville               OH                             12,000,000
      1105   Olmsted Falls Columbia Rd.     Olmsted Falls             OH                              1,900,000
      1106   Pearl Road Brunswick           Brunswick                 OH                              2,718,700
      1107   Pearl Road Improvements        Brunswick                 OH                              1,500,000
      1108   River Styx Road/SR 162         Montville Township        OH                              3,200,000
              Intersection Roundabout
      1109   Sprague Road Widening Parma    Parma                     OH                                800,000
      1110   SR283 Capacity Improvements    Mentor                    OH                              3,148,000
      1111   Stark County CR-224            North Canton              OH                                350,000
      1112   State Route 13 Relocation      Mount Vernon              OH                              1,900,405
      1113   State Route 254 & State Route  Avon                      OH                              1,500,000
              83 Intersection Improvement
      1114   Study and Design of ATB 531    Ashtabula                 OH                              2,400,000
      1115   The Point Intersection--US 36/ Delaware                  OH                              4,000,000
              SR 37
      1116   Thornwood Crossing Project     Newark                    OH                              5,000,000
      1117   U.S. Route 30--East Canton     East Canton               OH                              1,500,000
              Expansion
      1118   US-422 Harper Road             Solon                     OH                              2,414,288
              Interchange
      1119   W. Tuscarawas Street Safety    Canton                    OH                              1,000,000
              Corridor Project
      1120   Wadsworth Streetscape          Wadsworth                 OH                              2,500,000
      1121   Wayne CR-30 Resurfacing        Wooster                   OH                              1,219,962
              project
      1122   West Creek Greenway            Parma                     OH                              2,720,000
      1123   Western Hills Viaduct          Cincinnati                OH                             15,000,000
              Replacement Project
      1124   Bobcat Way: Transformation of  Grandview Heights         OH                              1,000,000
              Fairview Avenue
      1125   Broad Street and James Road    Columbus                  OH                              1,000,000
              Intersection
      1126   Cherry Bottom Road Emergency   Gahanna                   OH                                860,000
              Stabilization
      1127   City of Akron--North Main      Akron                     OH                              4,000,000
              Street Complete Streets
              Project
      1128   Cleveland Hopkins Airport      Cleveland                 OH                              2,000,000
              Master Plan Interstate
              Access Improvement Project
      1129   Cuyahoga Falls--Gorge Terrace  City of Cuyahoga Falls    OH                              7,200,000
              Street Transformation
              Project
      1130   Eastgate--State Route 46 and   Howland Township          OH                              4,000,000
              Warren-Sharon Road
              Intersection Safety
              Improvements
      1131   Ferris Road Corridor           Columbus                  OH                              2,000,000
      1132   Hiawatha Park Drive Urban      Columbus                  OH                              1,000,000
              Greenway
      1133   Hudson Street and Greenway     Columbus                  OH                              1,000,000
              Trail
      1134   Jackson Street/ Civic Center   Toledo                    OH                              4,000,000
              Mall Corridor-Lucas County
      1135   Life and Safety Facility       Toledo                    OH                              4,000,000
              Upgrades, TARTA M&O Facility
      1136   Lorain County Lakefront        Lorain Ohio               OH                              4,000,000
              Connectivity Project
      1137   Mahoning Avenue Industrial     Jackson Township          OH                              4,000,000
              Corridor Upgrade
      1138   Multimodal Lakefront Access,   City of Cleveland         OH                              2,000,000
              Cuyahoga County, Ohio          Boundary, including Bay
                                             Village, Rocky River,
                                             and Lakewood
      1139   Operation Safewalks - Refugee  Columbus                  OH                              2,000,000
              Road
      1140   Reynoldsburg East Main Phase   Reynoldsburg              OH                              1,585,000
              II
      1141   Reynoldsburg Park & Ride       Reynoldsburg              OH                                500,000
      1142   Rickenbacker Area Access--     Columbus                  OH                              5,000,000
              Northbound Bridge Project
      1143   Rickenbacker Area Mobility     Columbus                  OH                              3,000,000
              Center (RAMC)
      1144   Sandusky Bay Pathway           Sandusky                  OH                              4,000,000
      1145   Bridges on Interstate 35 at    Edmond                    OK                             10,000,000
              Interchanges between
              Memorial and 2nd Street
      1146   I-35 Widening in Love County   Love County               OK                             17,120,000
      1147   I35/I240 Interchange           Oklahoma City             OK                             10,000,000
      1148   I-40 and Exit 65 in Clinton    Clinton                   OK                              3,250,000
      1149   S.E. 29th Street Bridge        Midwest City              OK                              2,880,000
              Replacement & Repair Project
      1150   SH30 from SH33 N. 2 miles in   Durham                    OK                              2,000,000
              Roger Mills Co
      1151   SH-33 from Blaine County line  Kingfisher                OK                              3,250,000
              east to SH-74
      1152   US-270 between Watonga and     Watonga                   OK                              3,250,000
              Seiling
      1153   US-287 from Boise City north   Boise City                OK                              3,250,000
              to Colorado (Ports-to-Plains
              Corridor)
      1154   181st Safety Improvements      Gresham                   OR                              4,000,000
      1155   82nd Avenue Safety Projects    Portland                  OR                              5,000,000
      1156   Albany Transit Operations      Albany                    OR                              1,563,978
              Facility
      1157   Beaverton Downtown Loop:       Beaverton                 OR                              4,000,000
              Phase 1 Improvements
      1158   Benton Area Transit Vehicle    Corvallis                 OR                                528,000
              Replacement
      1159   Corvallis Area Pedestrian      Corvallis                 OR                                880,000
              Crossing Improvements
      1160   Georgia Pacific Mill Site      Coos Bay                  OR                              4,500,000
              Rail-Served Marine Terminal
      1161   I-5: Aurora-Donald             Aurora                    OR                             20,000,000
              Interchange Improvement
              Project
      1162   Libby Lane Repaving            Coos Bay                  OR                                486,400
      1163   LTD Electric Bus Replacement   Eugene                    OR                              1,844,322
      1164   Main Avenue/OR 104 Pedestrian  Warrenton                 OR                              1,360,000
              Route
      1165   NW Circle Boulevard            Corvallis                 OR                              2,800,000
              Reconstruction/
              Rehabilitation
      1166   OR18: Newberg-Dundee Bypass    Newberg                   OR                              8,000,000
              Phase 2 (OR219 Section)
      1167   River Road--Santa Clara        Eugene                    OR                              1,500,000
              Bicycle and Pedestrian
              Bridge
      1168   Rose Lane / High Crash         Portland                  OR                              5,000,000
              Corridor - Smart Tech and
              Safety Improvements - 122nd
      1169   Safety and Smart Technology    Portland                  OR                              4,000,000
              Investments: Central City,
              Broadway
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,000,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        2,000,000
      1170   Siuslaw River Bridge           Florence                  OR                                897,300
              Pedestrian and Bicycle
              Improvement Project
      1171   Territorial Highway            Lane County               OR                              5,000,000
              Reconstruction Phase 3
      1172   TriMet Zero Emission Bus       Portland                  OR                              4,000,000
              Infrastructure
      1173   Tualatin Valley Highway        Cornelius, Hillsboro,     OR                              4,000,000
              Safety Improvements            unincorporated
                                             Washington County
      1174   Amtran Bus Replacement         Altoona                   PA                                900,000
      1175   Asset Management Phase 1       Washington/North Branch/  PA                              2,800,000
                                             Forkston Townships
      1176   Bradford Bypass                Bradford                  PA                              5,680,000
      1177   Bristol Station Improvements   Bristol                   PA                              5,000,000
      1178   Cambria County Transit         Johnstown                 PA                              6,160,000
              Authority (CamTran) Bus
              Replacements
      1179   Crawford Avenue Bridge         Connellsville             PA                              5,682,180
              Rehabilitation
      1180   East Washington Road (PennDOT  New Castle                PA                              3,116,000
              ID 91768)
      1181   East Washington Street Bridge  New Castle                PA                              1,400,000
              (PennDOT ID 100743)
      1182   Johnstown Mainstreet Greenway  Johnstown                 PA                              1,500,000
              & Urban Connectivity
              Improvements
      1183   Laurel Valley Transportation   Mt Pleasant and Unity     PA                              5,000,000
              Improvement Project SR 130     Townships
              to Arnold Palmer Airport
      1184   Lower State Road Grade         Philadelphia              PA                              1,200,000
              Crossing Safety Improvements
      1185   Marsh Creek Greenway           Wellsboro                 PA                              5,000,000
      1186   PA Route 26 Jacksonville Road  Bellefonte                PA                              5,000,000
              Betterment
      1187   PA Turnpike / I-95             Bensalem                  PA                              5,000,000
              Interchange Project, Section
              C
      1188   PA Turnpike / I-95             Bensalem                  PA                              5,000,000
              Interchange Project, Section
              D30
      1189   Purchase of 8 Microtransit     State College             PA                                416,000
              Vans
      1190   Route 61 Revitalization        Schuykill County          PA                             15,200,000
      1191   Sassafras Street Extension     Erie                      PA                              4,400,000
              Pedestrian Bridge
      1192   SR 1001 Farrandsville Road     Woodward Township and     PA                              1,200,000
              Improvements                   Lock Haven
      1193   SR 104 over Mahantango Creek   Chapman Township          PA                              1,000,000
      1194   SR2027 Speers Bridge           Speers Borough            PA                              5,672,564
              Replacement over I-70
      1195   SR87 ov Kettle Creek           Hillsgrove Township       PA                              1,040,000
      1196   State Route 68 Corridor        Butler                    PA                              6,630,000
              Improvements
      1197   US 422 Bypass Phase 2          Butler, Connoquenessing,  PA                              2,454,000
                                             and Franklin Townships
      1198   US 6: Reynolds St - Baldwin    Meadville                 PA                              2,000,000
              St Ext (Route 6 Highway
              Reconstruction)
      1199   US Business Route 322 (State   State College             PA                              5,550,000
              Route 3014) Atherton Street
              Section 153 Drainage/
              Repaving Project
      1200   Warrensville Road Slide        Williamsport              PA                              3,360,000
              Rehabilitation
      1201   Waynesburg Betterment          Waynesburg Borough &      PA                              8,000,000
                                             Franking Township
      1202   69th Street Transportation     Upper Darby               PA                              1,600,000
              Center Master Plan
      1203   Blakely Borough Main Street    Blakely Borough,          PA                              1,497,417
              Corridor Improvement Project   Lackwanna County
      1204   Bridge Replacement 209 & 33    Hamilton Township         PA                              2,000,000
              NB over Appenzell Creek
      1205   Bushkill Creek Bridge          Easton                    PA                              4,000,000
              Replacements (2) Carrying
              State Route 33
      1206   Carnegie Station Improvement   Carnegie                  PA                              9,699,200
              and Park and Ride Expansion
      1207   Castor Ave Complete Street     Philadelphia              PA                              3,000,000
      1208   Cementon Bridge Replacement    Whitehall, Northampton    PA                             10,000,000
              carrying State Route 329
              over the Lehigh River
      1209   Chestnut Street Pedestrian     Philadelphia              PA                              3,000,000
              Safety Islands
      1210   Cobbs Creek Parkway            Philadelphia              PA                              2,000,000
              Multimodal Safety
              Improvements: Larchwood
              Avenue to 67th St.
             .............................  ........................  ........................        1,200,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          800,000
      1211   County of Lackawanna Transit   Scranton                  PA                              5,000,000
              System Transit Facility
              Renovation
      1212   Crestwood Drive Resurfacing    Wright Township, Luzerne  PA                              1,200,000
              Project                        County
      1213   Critical Pedestrian            Pittsburgh                PA                              5,000,000
              Connections - Public Steps
              Reconstruction
      1214   Cross County Trail -           Plymouth Township         PA                              4,840,000
              Germantown Pike Crossing and
              Extension
      1215   Erie Station (Broad Street     Philadelphia              PA                              7,200,000
              Line) Accessibility
              Improvements
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,600,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................        3,600,000
      1216   Exton Station Intermodal       Exton                     PA                              4,800,000
              Connectivity
      1217   Frankford Creek Greenway:      Philadelphia              PA                              2,000,000
              Adams Avenue to Bristol
              Street
      1218   Franklin Square Pedestrian     Philadelphia              PA                                240,000
              and Bicycle Improvement--7th
              and Race Specific
      1219   Hazleton Buses and Bus         Hazleton                  PA                              1,500,000
              Infrastructure
      1220   Hill District Corridor         Pittsburgh                PA                              6,000,000
              Enhancements
      1221   Improvements to Boulevard of   Pittsburgh                PA                              5,000,000
              the Allies
      1222   Kittanning Pike Flood Control  O'Hara Township           PA                              2,200,000
      1223   Lower Demunds Road             Dallas Township, Luzerne  PA                              1,200,000
              Resurfacing Project            County
      1224   Main Street Grade Crossing in  Darby Borough             PA                              1,000,000
              Darby Borough
      1225   Mantua Neighborhood Traffic    Philadelphia              PA                              4,000,000
              Safety Project (34th St.)
      1226   Marcus Hook Regional Rail      Marcus Hook               PA                             11,250,000
              Station Accessibility
              Improvements
      1227   Market Place District          Moon Township             PA                              3,100,800
              Improvements Project
      1228   McKees Rocks Bridge            McKees Rocks              PA                              5,000,000
      1229   McKeesport--Duquesne Bridge    McKeesport                PA                              4,000,000
              Preservation
      1230   PA 12 West Resurface- 422      Wyomissing Borough        PA                              4,000,000
      1231   Parkside Avenue - Safe Access  Philadelphia              PA                              4,000,000
              to Parks
      1232   Penn Center Transit Gateway    Philadelphia              PA                              3,975,000
      1233   PHL Airport Bike Lanes         Philadelphia              PA                              3,000,000
      1234   Replacement of SR 590 Bridge   Salem Township, Wayne     PA                                560,000
              over Branch of Ariel Creek     County
      1235   Replacement of SR 590 Bridge   Paupack Township, Wayne   PA                                432,000
              over Inlet to Finn Swamp       County
      1236   Roosevelt Boulevard            Philadelphia              PA                              1,960,000
              Intersection Improvements
      1237   Schuylkill Avenue Bridge       Reading                   PA                              4,904,036
      1238   Second Street Signal           Philadelphia              PA                              2,400,000
              Optimization (Lehigh Ave to
              Callowhill St)
      1239   SEPTA Platform Rehabilitation  Philadelphia              PA                              1,205,000
              Project at PHL
      1240   Sleepy Hollow Road Bridge      Butler Township, Luzerne  PA                              1,200,000
              Replacement                    County
      1241   South Henderson Road Widening  Upper Merion              PA                              5,000,000
      1242   SR 29 & SR 113 Intersection    Perkiomen Township        PA                              3,676,512
              Improvements
      1243   SR 4004--Park Ave, Eagleville  Audubon                   PA                              4,745,604
              Road, Crawford Road
              Intersection Realignment
              Project
      1244   State Route 115 Corridor       Chestnuthill Township,    PA                              4,000,000
              Improvements Effort            Monroe County
      1245   State Route 590 Paving         Lackawaxen Township,      PA                              2,400,000
              Project                        Pike County
      1246   State Route 652 Resurfacing    Berlin Township, Wayne    PA                              1,008,000
              Project                        County
      1247   Tilghman Street and State      South Whitehall Township  PA                              4,000,000
              Route 309 Interchange
              Reconstruction
      1248   Upper Darby Walnut Street      Upper Darby               PA                                745,000
              Multimodal Connectivity
              Project
      1249   US 222 Hard Shoulder           Wyomissing Borough        PA                              5,000,000
      1250   PRHTA-01 Lajas to San German   Lajas                     PR                              5,000,000
      1251   PRHTA-02 Gurabo                Gurabo                    PR                              4,800,000
      1252   PRHTA-03 Bayamon               Bayamon                   PR                              7,884,000
      1253   East Main Road - Union Avenue  Portsmouth                RI                                240,000
              to Sandy Point Avenue Safe
              Shared-Use Path
      1254   Hope and Main Street           Bristol and Warren        RI                              8,000,000
              Sidewalks
      1255   Pawtucket Avenue Veteran's     East Providence           RI                              5,600,000
              Memorial Parkway to Waterman
              Avenue
      1256   Post Road and Old Post Road    Westerly, Charlestown     RI                             10,400,000
              Improvements
      1257   Route 2, Bald Hill Road, and   Warwick/Cranston          RI                              4,000,000
              New London Avenue
              Improvements
      1258   RT-114, Wampanoag Trail (East  Barrington and East       RI                              5,920,000
              Shore Expressway to Federal    Providence
              Road)
      1259   Trestle Trail--West Section    Coventry                  RI                              4,400,000
      1260   I 26/ 526 Interchange          North Charleston          SC                             20,000,000
      1261   SC-126 Belvedere Clearwater    Clearwater                SC                             13,069,695
              Road Widening
      1262   Corridor Improvement at Old    Calhoun County            SC                              1,100,000
              State Road (US 21/176) from
              Savany Hunt Creek Road (S-
              86) to Old Sandy Run Road (S-
              31)
      1263   Intersection Improvement at    Gaston                    SC                              1,100,000
              Old State Road (US 21/176)
              and Savany Hunt Creek Road
              (S-86)
      1264   Santee Wateree Regional        Sumter                    SC                              2,000,000
              Transportation #2022
      1265   Sumter Manning Avenue Bridge   Sumter                    SC                              4,000,000
              Multimodal Enhancements
      1266   US 21/178 Bypass (Joe S.       Orangeburg                SC                              7,800,000
              Jeffords Highway) Corridor
              Improvement
      1267   Walk Bike Columbia             Columbia                  SC                              4,000,000
      1268   Blount County Greenway         Blount County             TN                              3,420,800
      1269   Elvis Presley Boulevard        Memphis                   TN                              7,000,000
      1270   Knob Creek Road                Johnson City              TN                              2,630,000
      1271   Magnolia Avenue Corridor       Knoxville                 TN                             10,000,000
      1272   MATA Electric Bus Program      Memphis                   TN                              7,000,000
      1273   Memphis 3.0 (Kimball at        Memphis                   TN                              3,000,000
              Pendleton)
      1274   Mississippi Boulevard          Memphis                   TN                              1,141,440
              Signalized Pedestrian
              Crossing
      1275   Overton Park Cooper Street     Memphis                   TN                              1,739,432
              Entrance
      1276   SR-126                         Kingsport                 TN                              5,662,000
      1277   SR-34                          Morristown                TN                              2,394,000
      1278   SR-35                          Greenville                TN                              2,018,000
      1279   SR-36                          Spurgeon                  TN                              5,445,000
      1280   SR-499 EXT                     Sevierville               TN                                832,000
      1281   SR-93 Horse Creek              Kingsport                 TN                                777,000
      1282   SR-93 Miscellaneous Safety     Fall Branch               TN                                242,000
              Improvements
      1283   Third/Fourth Street Corridor   Chattanooga               TN                              2,500,000
              Project, Chattanooga, TN
      1284   US-127 (SR-28)                 Fentress County /         TN                             20,000,000
                                             Cumberland County
      1285   54 Scott Street BOOST          Houston                   TX                             20,000,000
              Corridor project
      1286   Austin Bergstrom Spur Urban    Austin                    TX                             10,000,000
              Trail
      1287   Austin Ross Road Substandard   Austin                    TX                             10,000,000
              Street
      1288   Bear Creek Road Improvement    Glenn Heights             TX                              3,329,417
              Project
      1289   City of South Houston--        South Houston             TX                              1,264,530
              Concrete Sidewalks
      1290   Clay Road Bridge               Houston                   TX                              9,929,577
              Reconstruction Project
      1291   Dallas East Grand Avenue (SH-  Dallas                    TX                              1,300,000
              78) Corridor Study &
              Infrastructure Improvements
      1292   Dallas Vision Zero             Dallas                    TX                             10,000,000
              Implementation
      1293   DART LED Light Replacement     Dallas                    TX                              2,080,000
              Project
      1294   DART Mobile Data Terminals     Dallas                    TX                              1,760,000
              System Upgrade Project
      1295   East Dallas Bus and            Dallas                    TX                                891,992
              Maintenance Facility
              Renovation Project
      1296   FM 3349/US 79 Railroad Grade   Hutto & Taylor            TX                             10,000,000
              Separation Project
      1297   FM 60 from 2 miles east of SH  Caldwell                  TX                              4,000,000
              36 to .8 miles west of FM
              2039
      1298   Foley Street & Navigation      Houston                   TX                             10,000,000
              Realignment & Infrastructure
              Re-Use Construction Phase
      1299   Fondren Road Reconstruction    Houston                   TX                             11,000,000
              with Transit and Pedestrian
              Enhancements
      1300   Greater Downtown Dallas        Dallas                    TX                              1,600,000
              Master Plan
      1301   Grove Street Intermodal        Fort Wort                 TX                              3,250,000
              Campus Rehabilitation
      1302   High Line Project              Pharr                     TX                                940,160
      1303   IBTC                           Donna and Alamo           TX                              3,500,000
      1304   IH 45 from 1.5 miles south of  Fairfield                 TX                              1,000,000
              S 84 to US 84
      1305   IH 69E                         Lyford and Sebastian      TX                              3,500,000
      1306   Intersection at SH 191 and     Midland                   TX                              6,520,000
              Yukon Rd.
      1307   John Hayes Extension           El Paso                   TX                             12,000,000
      1308   Meadowglen West Complete       Houston                   TX                              4,000,000
              Street Project
      1309   Memorial Park Connector South  Houston                   TX                              4,000,000
      1310   Missouri City/BW 8 Transit     Missouri City             TX                              5,000,000
              Facility
      1311   New Construction Overpass at   Odessa                    TX                              2,000,000
              Loop 338 and South US 385
      1312   Pharr International Bridge     Pharr                     TX                              2,863,918
              Dock Expansion 1
      1313   Pharr International Bridge-    Pharr                     TX                              3,880,000
              Commercial Vehicle Staging
              Area
      1314   Phase 3A--SL 88 from Memphis   Lubbock                   TX                             11,820,000
              to CR 2240 (Ave. U) (TxDOT
              Project Id: 1502-01-029)
      1315   Phase 3B--SL 88 from SL 88     Lubbock                   TX                              8,180,000
              from Chicago Avenue to
              Memphis Avenue (TxDOT
              Project Id: 1502-01-030)
      1316   Reconstruction of US385 in     Odessa                    TX                              1,000,000
              Odessa
      1317   Re-establish Northwest Drive   Mesquite                  TX                             10,000,000
              Direct Access to IH 635
      1318   RM 2243 Resiliency Project     Leander                   TX                             10,000,000
      1319   Safe Access to Transit         Houston                   TX                              1,200,000
              Improvements
      1320   SH 550                         Brownsville               TX                              3,791,529
      1321   SH 6 from BS 6-R to SH 40      College Station           TX                              4,000,000
      1322   South Parallel Corridor Phase  San Benito                TX                              6,500,000
              III
      1323   South Park and Ride Project/   McAllen                   TX                              4,700,000
              Electric Bus Project
              Expansion
      1324   Speegleville Road: Bridge at   Waco                      TX                              8,379,000
              Middle Bosque River
      1325   Stanton Street Bridge ``Good   El Paso                   TX                              7,200,000
              Neighbor International
              Bridge'' Intelligent
              Transportation System
      1326   The I-35 Innovative Corridor   Dallas                    TX                              7,500,000
              Project
      1327   Traffic Signal Improvements    Odessa                    TX                              2,480,000
              Loop 338 at W Yukon Rd
      1328   Trinity Lakes Station--Fort    Fort Worth                TX                             11,962,800
              Worth Transportation
              Authority
      1329   TX SH 36 Expansion             Fort Bend County          TX                             20,000,000
      1330   Vallecillo Road Project        Laredo                    TX                             14,000,000
      1331   Westheimer BOOST               Houston                   TX                             16,000,000
      1332   Widen US-77                    Victoria                  TX                             20,000,000
      1333   Widening of US-83 South of     Zapata                    TX                              5,780,148
              Zapata Townsite Project
      1334   Zarzamora/Frio City Road RR    San Antonio               TX                             15,600,000
              Overpass
      1335   1300 East/Richmond Street      Salt Lake City            UT                              2,000,000
              Reconstruction
      1336   1500 West and 1300 North       Clinton City              UT                              1,200,000
              Roundabout
      1337   4700 South Project WVC         West Valley City          UT                              3,000,000
      1338   700 West Project               South Salt Lake City      UT                              3,000,000
      1339   BRT from Kimball Junction to   Park City                 UT                              6,500,000
              Park City (S.R. 224)
      1340   Colorado River Pathway Phase   Moab/Grand County         UT                              1,000,000
              IV
      1341   Fort Street Reconstruct        Draper                    UT                                915,294
      1342   Frontage Road Bypass           Herriman                  UT                              4,800,000
      1343   FrontRunner Forward            Provo to Ogden            UT                              3,300,000
      1344   Legacy Highway Frontage Road   Centerville               UT                              1,500,000
              Project
      1345   Midvalley Connector            Murray, West Valley,      UT                              5,500,000
                                             Salt Lake City
      1346   Neffs Canyon Trailhead         Salt Lake City            UT                                800,000
              Redesign
             .............................  ........................  ........................          400,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          400,000
      1347   North Sugar Factory Road       Gunnison                  UT                              1,727,200
      1348   Ogden 25th Street Rebuild      Ogden                     UT                              5,500,000
              Project
      1349   Ogden Canyon Shared Use        Ogden                     UT                              4,000,000
              Pathway Project
      1350   Park City Arts and Culture     Park City                 UT                              1,200,000
              District Roadway and
              Connectivity Project
      1351   Provo Intermodal Center        Provo                     UT                              1,000,000
              Pedestrian Bridge Project
      1352   Safe Route to School Sidewalk  Salt Lake County          UT                                 73,345
              Project
      1353   Sharp/Tintic Railroad          Springville and Spanish   UT                              1,700,000
              Connection                     Fork
      1354   SR-7 Exit 5 Interchange,       St. George                UT                              5,000,000
              Southern Hills Bridge and
              Roadway
      1355   Young Street Bridge and        Morgan City               UT                              1,547,401
              Connector Road Project
      1356   Arlington Ridge Road Bridge    Arlington/Alexandria      VA                              9,000,000
      1357   Berkley Avenue Bridge          Norfolk                   VA                              5,000,000
      1358   Chesapeake All-Electric        Chesapeake                VA                              1,600,000
              Mobile Command Vehicle
              Demonstration Project
      1359   Coalfields Expressway--RTE     Grundy                    VA                              4,097,500
              121 West Virginia State Line
              to Grundy, VA
      1360   Commerce Road Improvements     Richmond                  VA                              1,600,000
              Project
      1361   Craney Island Access Road      Portsmouth                VA                              3,111,500
      1362   Electric Emergency Response    Chesapeake                VA                              1,600,000
              Vehicles
      1363   Fall Line Trail - Downtown     Richmond                  VA                              1,500,000
              Core Enhancements
      1364   HRT Bus Replacement            Virginia Beach            VA                              2,377,000
      1365   I-64 at Oilville Road (Rte.    Goochland County          VA                              3,436,000
              617) Interchange
      1366   I-66 Transportation            Fairfax                   VA                              4,000,000
              Alternatives
      1367   I-81 Northbound Truck          Marion                    VA                             11,160,000
              Climbing Lane--Mile Marker
              39.5
      1368   Intersection Safety            Troy                      VA                              5,082,700
              Improvements at the
              Intersection of Route 15 and
              Route 250
      1369   Intersection Safety            Louisa                    VA                              2,050,000
              Improvements at the
              Intersection of Route 22 and
              Route 780
      1370   Interstate 95 and Willis Road  Chesterfield              VA                              3,200,000
              Interchange Improvements
              Project
      1371   Jahnke Road: Blakemore Road    Richmond                  VA                              1,600,000
              to Forest Hill Avenue
      1372   Long Bridge                    Arlington                 VA                              4,000,000
      1373   Mathis Corridor                Manassas                  VA                              7,000,000
              Revitalization Project
      1374   Multimodal Transportation      Falls Church              VA                              2,000,000
              Infrastructure Improvements
      1375   Nimmo Parkway Phase VII-B      Virginia Beach            VA                              5,000,000
      1376   Old Bridge Road at Gordon      Woodbridge                VA                              4,000,000
              Boulevard Interchange/
              Intersection Improvements
      1377   Parallel Chesapeake Tunnel     Northampton County        VA                              3,111,500
              Project
      1378   Peninsula Transit Signal       Newport News and Hampton  VA                              9,702,071
              Priority Improvements
      1379   Red Lane Road/Rt. 60           Powhatan                  VA                              3,145,663
              Continuous Green T
      1380   Richmond Highway Bus Rapid     Fairfax County            VA                              5,000,000
              Transit
      1381   Roundabout at the              Prince George County      VA                              3,540,806
              intersection of Middle Road
              (Rt. 646) and Jefferson Park
              Road (Rt. 630)
      1382   Route 31 Bicycle               Surry                     VA                              6,379,000
              Accommodations Project
      1383   Route 7/Route 690 Interchange  Purcellville              VA                             10,000,000
      1384   Rt. 208 (Courthouse Road) and  Fredericksburg            VA                              1,151,000
              Hood Drive Intersection
              Improvement (UPC 110987)
      1385   Silver Line Support            Fairfax                   VA                             10,500,000
              Transportation Alternatives
      1386   The Birthplace of America      Newport News              VA                              3,160,000
              Trail
      1387   Tidewater Drive                Norfolk                   VA                              6,400,000
              Reconstruction
      1388   Transit Enhancement and        Chesterfield              VA                              4,688,800
              Expansion
      1389   St. Croix/St. Thomas Ferry     Christiansted             VI                             15,000,000
      1390   Barre City-Barre Town VT       Barre                     VT                              4,750,000
              Route 14 / Quarry Street and
              Quarry Hill Road
              Intersection Reconstruction
      1391   Essex Junction Crescent        Essex                     VT                              5,400,000
              Connector
      1392   Railyard Enterprise Project    Burlington                VT                              2,250,000
              (Design & Permitting Phase)
      1393   Town of Hartford (Quechee)     Hartford                  VT                              7,600,000
              U.S 4 Bridge Rehabilitation
      1394   Bigelow Gulch and Sullivan     Spokane Valley            WA                              2,650,000
              Road Corridor
      1395   City of Waitsburg Highway 12   Waitsburg                 WA                                350,000
              Preston Bridge Replacement
      1396   Columbia Heights Road          Longview                  WA                              5,500,000
              Reconstruction
      1397   Ferry County Kettle River      Curlew                    WA                              1,797,000
              Road Rehabilitation
      1398   I-5/SR 503 Interchange Area    Woodland                  WA                             11,760,000
              Improvements
      1399   Industrial Rail Corridor       Longview                  WA                              2,740,000
              Expansion (IRCE)
      1400   Palouse River Bridge           Colfax                    WA                              6,000,000
              Replacement
      1401   Spokane Airport Spotted Road   Spokane                   WA                              6,749,000
              Project
      1402   SR 410/Rock Creek Vic--        Naches                    WA                              3,562,000
              Chronic Environmental
              Deficiency
      1403   SW Mojonnier Road              College Place             WA                              2,453,574
              Reconstruction
      1404   US 12 Naches Vic to Yakima     Naches                    WA                              1,452,000
              Vic--Intersection Safety
              Improvements
      1405   US 97/Jones Rd--Intersection   Wapato                    WA                              4,464,000
              Improvements
      1406   US Highway 12 Phase 8 Final    Touchet                   WA                              5,965,931
              Design and Right of Way
              Acquisition
      1407   Yakima County, East-West       Yakima                    WA                              4,000,000
              Corridor Phase II Project.
      1408   169th Street Connecting        Arlington                 WA                              3,900,000
              Segment
      1409   20th Street NE / Main Street   Lake Stevens              WA                              2,000,000
              Improvements
      1410   42nd Ave S Bridge Replacement  Tukwila                   WA                              1,270,000
              Project
      1411   Aberdeen US 12 Highway-Rail    Aberdeen                  WA                              2,080,000
              Separation Project
      1412   Access and Circulation Roads   Town of Darrington        WA                              1,291,869
              for the Darrington Wood
              Innovation Center
      1413   Bellevue Transit Center        Bellevue                  WA                              1,000,000
              Safety and Connectivity
              Project
      1414   City of Carnation Larson /     Carnation                 WA                              2,400,000
              40th Street Bypass Project
      1415   City of Kenmore Fish Passable  Kenmore                   WA                              1,224,000
              Culvert Replacements
      1416   College Street Corridor        Lacey                     WA                              6,000,000
              Improvements Phase III
      1417   Columbia River Pedestrian      Wenatchee                 WA                              8,600,000
              Bridge Extension, Apple
              Capital Loop Trail
      1418   E. 64th Street Phase II        Tacoma                    WA                              5,600,000
      1419   East Marginal Way Corridor     Seattle                   WA                              2,340,000
              Improvements - Phase 1
      1420   Eastrail Wilburton Critical    Bellevue                  WA                              1,680,000
              Crossing
      1421   Georgetown to South Park       Seattle                   WA                              1,800,000
              Connection
      1422   Gorst Area Resiliency and      Bremerton                 WA                              8,000,000
              Redundancy Alternatives
              Study
      1423   Guemes Island Ferry            Anacortes                 WA                              8,000,000
              Replacement Project
      1424   I-5/Lake Washington Ship       Seattle                   WA                              5,000,000
              Canal Bridge
      1425   Lea Hill Corridor 112th Ave    Aubrun                    WA                              4,446,200
              SE & 105th Pl SE
              Intersection Improvements
      1426   Links to Opportunity           Tacoma                    WA                              2,000,000
              Streetscape Project
      1427   Lyon Creek Culvert             Lake Forest Park          WA                              3,100,000
              Replacement Project
      1428   Meeker Complete Street/Safe    Kent                      WA                              2,500,000
              Routes to School Project
      1429   MLK Jr. Way S Safety and       Seattle                   WA                                750,000
              Accessibility Improvements
              Project
      1430   NE 124th St / 124th Ave NE     Kirkland                  WA                              2,000,000
              Pedestrian Bridge (Totem
              Lake Non-Motorized Bridge)
      1431   Orting HWY 162 Pedestrian      Oting                     WA                              6,000,000
              Bridge
      1432   Puyallup Avenue Transit/       Tacoma                    WA                              2,000,000
              Complete Street Improvements
      1433   Rainier Avenue South Corridor  Renton                    WA                              2,000,000
              Improvements--Phase 4A
      1434   Redmond Central Connector      Redmond                   WA                              3,000,000
              Phase III
      1435   Roundabout on US-2 and Main    Sultan                    WA                                900,000
              Street
      1436   Safe Routes to School          Tacoma                    WA                              1,000,000
              Improvements: Whitman
              Elementary and Edison
              Elementary Schools
      1437   Sheffield Trail Improvement    Fife                      WA                              2,750,000
              Project
      1438   South Campus Interim Base      Tukwila                   WA                              3,000,000
              Electrification
      1439   South Tacoma Way, 88th Street  Lakewood                  WA                              2,400,000
              S to 80th Street Court SW.
      1440   South Whidbey--Clinton Area    Clinton                   WA                              1,500,000
              Transportation
              Infrastructure Improvements
      1441   SR 99/NB Duwamish River        Seattle                   WA                              2,000,000
              Bridge--Grid Deck
              Replacement
      1442   SR522 Corridor Improvement     Maltby                    WA                              4,000,000
      1443   Town to Zylstra Lake Multi-    Friday Harbor             WA                              5,280,000
              Modal Trail
      1444   Tukwila International          Tukwila                   WA                              2,000,000
              Boulevard Bus Rapid Transit
              Station
      1445   US 12/Heron St Bridge Tier 1-- Aberdeen                  WA                              2,038,166
              Bridge Rehabilitation
      1446   US-2 WB Trestle                Lake Stevens, Everett     WA                              1,680,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          840,000
             .............................  ........................  ........................          840,000
      1447   Washington State Ferries       Seattle                   WA                              4,200,000
              Seattle Ferry Terminal
              Shoreside Electrification
      1448   West Seattle and Ballard Link  Seattle                   WA                              5,360,000
              Extensions (WSBLE)
      1449   X Street Roundabout            Tumwater                  WA                              3,250,000
      1450   Atwood Ave. (Fair Oaks Ave.    Madison                   WI                              6,275,000
              to Cottage Grove Rd.)
      1451   BeerLine Bike and Pedestrian   Milwaukee                 WI                              1,200,000
              Trail
      1452   CTH CC from Ash Street to CTH  Oregon                    WI                              2,000,000
              D
      1453   CTH CV from Government Road    Madison                   WI                              2,000,000
              to USH 51
      1454   CTH M/Century Avenue Bridge    Middleton                 WI                              2,000,000
              (B-13-0046) over Pheasant
              Branch Replacement Including
              Approaches and Branch Street
              Intersection
      1455   CTH P from CTH PD to CTH S     Klevenville               WI                              2,000,000
      1456   I-94 Screening Wall at Woods   Milwaukee                 WI                              2,000,000
              National Cemetery
      1457   Milwaukee Country Transit Bus  Wauwatosa                 WI                              4,000,000
              Purchase
      1458   Milwaukee County Transit       Wauwatosa                 WI                              2,000,000
              Security Initiative
      1459   Reconstruction of Silver       Glendale                  WI                              4,500,000
              Spring Drive
      1460   Reedsburg - Baraboo, Preston   Reedsburg                 WI                                125,000
              Avenue to STH 23 Const./Mill
              & Overlay, State 3R
      1461   Reedsburg - Wisconsin Dells    Reedsburg                 WI                              1,600,000
              STH 136 Intersection Const./
              Intersection Improvement/RAB
              Safety
      1462   South Kinnickinnic Avenue      St. Francis               WI                                700,000
              Resurfacing Project
      1463   US 14 (Wisconsin River to Oak  Arena                     WI                              2,000,000
              Street) between Spring Green
              & Madison
      1464   Vliet Street Resurfacing       Milwaukee                 WI                              4,200,000
              Project
      1465   Hal Greer Boulevard Corridor   Huntington                WV                              6,400,000
              Upgrade
      1466   Michael Angiulli Memorial      North View                WV                              2,080,000
              Bridge
      1467   New Cumberland--WV 2           New Cumberland            WV                              3,200,000
      1468   Princeton Overhead Bridge      Princeton                 WV                              3,600,000
      1469   Rock Creek Interchange--New    Rock Creek                WV                             10,000,000
              Access Road
      1470   Route 93 Scherr Overpass       Scherr                    WV                              3,120,000
      1471   Van Voorhis Road               Morgantown                WV                              6,800,000
      1472   WVU PRT Passenger Stations     Morgantown                WV                              4,800,000
              Rehabilitation Project
      1473   Excelsior Springs Safe         Excelsior Springs         MO                              9,444,706
              Streets and Sidewalks
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                   DIVISION B--SURFACE TRANSPORTATION

SEC. 1001. APPLICABILITY OF DIVISION.

  (a) Applicability.--This division, including the amendments made by 
this division, applies beginning on October 1, 2022.
  (b) Reference to Date of Enactment.--In this division and the 
amendments made by this division, any reference to--
          (1) the date of enactment of this Act;
          (2) the date of enactment of a provision of this division;
          (3) the date of enactment of a provision added to law by an 
        amendment made by this division; or
          (4) the date of enactment of the INVEST in America Act added 
        to law by an amendment made by this division,
shall be treated as a reference to October 1, 2022.
  (c) Exception for Immediate Application.--Subsections (a) and (b) 
shall not apply to the following sections and any amendments made by 
such sections:
          (1) Section 1105.
          (2) Section 1107.
          (3) Section 1305.
          (4) Subsections (c)(1) and (d) of section 2104.
          (5) Section 2106.
          (6) Section 2112.
          (7) Section 2204(1)(A).
          (8) Section 2305.
          (9) Section 2307.
          (10) Section 2902(2).

                     TITLE I--FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAYS

           Subtitle A--Authorizations and Program Conditions

SEC. 1101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

  (a) In General.--The following amounts are authorized to be 
appropriated out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit 
Account):
          (1) Federal-aid highway program.--For the national highway 
        performance program under section 119 of title 23, United 
        States Code, the pre-disaster mitigation program under section 
        124 of such title, the railway crossings program under section 
        130 of such title, the surface transportation program under 
        section 133 of such title, the highway safety improvement 
        program under section 148 of such title, the congestion 
        mitigation and air quality improvement program under section 
        149 of such title, the clean corridors program under section 
        151 of such title, the national highway freight program under 
        section 167 of such title, the carbon pollution reduction 
        program under section 171 of such title, and metropolitan 
        planning under section 134 of such title--
                  (A) $56,522,048,429 for fiscal year 2023;
                  (B) $57,480,646,776 for fiscal year 2024;
                  (C) $58,595,359,712 for fiscal year 2025; and
                  (D) $59,618,666,186 for fiscal year 2026.
          (2) Transportation infrastructure finance and innovation 
        program.--For credit assistance under the transportation 
        infrastructure finance and innovation program under chapter 6 
        of title 23, United States Code, $250,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
          (3) Construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal 
        facilities.--For construction of ferry boats and ferry terminal 
        facilities under section 147 of title 23, United States Code, 
        $120,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
          (4) Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.--
                  (A) Tribal transportation program.--For the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 of title 23, 
                United States Code, $800,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2023 through 2026.
                  (B) Federal lands transportation program.--
                          (i) In general.--For the Federal lands 
                        transportation program under section 203 of 
                        title 23, United States Code, $555,000,000 for 
                        each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
                          (ii) Allocation.--Of the amount made 
                        available for a fiscal year under clause (i)--
                                  (I) the amount for the National Park 
                                Service is $400,000,000 for each of 
                                fiscal years 2023 through 2026;
                                  (II) the amount for the United States 
                                Fish and Wildlife Service is 
                                $50,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                                2023 through 2026;
                                  (III) the amount for the United 
                                States Forest Service is $50,000,000 
                                for each of fiscal years 2023 through 
                                2026;
                                  (IV) the amount for the Corps of 
                                Engineers is $16,000,000 for each of 
                                fiscal years 2023 through 2026;
                                  (V) the amount for the Bureau of Land 
                                Management is $16,000,000 for each of 
                                fiscal years 2023 through 2026;
                                  (VI) the amount for the Bureau of 
                                Reclamation is $16,000,000 for each of 
                                fiscal years 2023 through 2026; and
                                  (VII) the amount for independent 
                                Federal agencies with natural resource 
                                and land management responsibilities is 
                                $7,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
                                2023 through 2026.
                  (C) Federal lands access program.--For the Federal 
                lands access program under section 204 of title 23, 
                United States Code, $345,000,000 for each of fiscal 
                years 2023 through 2026.
                  (D) Federal lands and tribal major projects grants.--
                To carry out section 208 of title 23, United States 
                Code, $400,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 
                through 2026.
          (5) Territorial and puerto rico highway program.--For the 
        territorial and Puerto Rico highway program under section 165 
        of title 23, United States Code, the amounts specified in 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 165(a) for each of fiscal 
        years 2023 through 2026.
          (6) Projects of national and regional significance.--For 
        projects of national and regional significance under section 
        117 of title 23, United States Code, $3,000,000,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
          (7) Community transportation investment grants.--To carry out 
        section 173 of title 23, United States Code, $600,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
          (8) Community climate innovation grants.--To carry out 
        section 172 of title 23, United States Code, $250,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
          (9) National scenic byways program.--To carry out section 162 
        of title 23, United States Code, $16,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        year 2023 through 2026.
          (10) Rebuild rural bridges program.-- To carry out section 
        1307 of this Act, $250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 
        through 2026.
          (11) Parking for commercial motor vehicles.--To carry out 
        section 1308 of this Act, $250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2023 through 2026.
          (12) Active connected transportation grant program.--To carry 
        out section 1309 of this Act, $250,000,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2023 through 2026.
          (13) Wildlife crossings program.--To carry out section 1310 
        of this Act, $100,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 
        2026.
          (14) Reconnecting neighborhoods program.--To carry out 
        section 1311 of this Act, $750,000,000 for each of fiscal years 
        2023 through 2026.
          (15) Metro performance program.--To carry out section 1305 of 
        this Act, $250,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 
        2026.
          (16) Gridlock reduction grant program.--To carry out section 
        1306 of this Act, $500,000,000 for fiscal year 2023.
  (b) Treatment of Funds.--Amounts made available under paragraphs (10) 
through (14) of subsection (a) shall be administered as if apportioned 
under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.
  (c) Disadvantaged Business Enterprises.--
          (1) Findings.--Congress finds that--
                  (A) despite the real improvements caused by the 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program, minority- 
                and women-owned businesses across the country continue 
                to confront serious and significant obstacles to 
                success caused by race and gender discrimination in the 
                federally assisted surface transportation market and 
                related markets across the United States;
                  (B) the continuing race and gender discrimination 
                described in subparagraph (A) merits the continuation 
                of the disadvantaged business enterprise program;
                  (C) recently, the disparities cause by discrimination 
                against African American, Hispanic American, Asian 
                American, Native American, and women business owners 
                have been further exacerbated by the coronavirus 
                pandemic and its disproportionate effects on minority- 
                and women-owned businesses across the nation;
                  (D) Congress has received and reviewed testimony and 
                documentation of race and gender discrimination from 
                numerous sources, including congressional hearings and 
                other investigative activities, scientific reports, 
                reports issued by public and private agencies at every 
                level of government, news reports, academic 
                publications, reports of discrimination by 
                organizations and individuals, and discrimination 
                lawsuits, which continue to demonstrate that race- and 
                gender-neutral efforts alone are insufficient to 
                address the problem;
                  (E) the testimony and documentation described in 
                subparagraph (D) demonstrate that discrimination across 
                the United States poses an injurious and enduring 
                barrier to full and fair participation in surface 
                transportation-related businesses of women business 
                owners and minority business owners and has negatively 
                affected firm formation, development and success in 
                many aspects of surface transportation-related business 
                in the public and private markets; and
                  (F) the testimony and documentation described in 
                subparagraph (D) provide a clear picture of the 
                inequality caused by discrimination that continues to 
                plague our nation and a strong basis that there is a 
                compelling need for the continuation of the 
                disadvantaged business enterprise program to address 
                race and gender discrimination in surface 
                transportation-related business.
          (2) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  (A) Small business concern.--The term ``small 
                business concern'' means a small business concern (as 
                the term is used in section 3 of the Small Business Act 
                (15 U.S.C. 632)).
                  (B) Socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals.--The term ``socially and economically 
                disadvantaged individuals'' has the meaning given the 
                term in section 8(d) of the Small Business Act (15 
                U.S.C. 637(d)) and relevant subcontracting regulations 
                issued pursuant to that Act, except that women shall be 
                presumed to be socially and economically disadvantaged 
                individuals for purposes of this subsection.
          (3) Amounts for small business concerns.--Except to the 
        extent that the Secretary of Transportation determines 
        otherwise, not less than 10 percent of the amounts made 
        available for any program under titles I, II, V, and VII of 
        this division and section 403 of title 23, United States Code, 
        shall be expended through small business concerns owned and 
        controlled by socially and economically disadvantaged 
        individuals.
          (4) Annual listing of disadvantaged business enterprises.--
        Each State shall annually--
                  (A) survey and compile a list of the small business 
                concerns referred to in paragraph (3) in the State, 
                including the location of the small business concerns 
                in the State; and
                  (B) notify the Secretary, in writing, of the 
                percentage of the small business concerns that are 
                controlled by--
                          (i) women;
                          (ii) socially and economically disadvantaged 
                        individuals (other than women); and
                          (iii) individuals who are women and are 
                        otherwise socially and economically 
                        disadvantaged individuals.
          (5) Uniform certification.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation 
                shall establish minimum uniform criteria for use by 
                State governments in certifying whether a concern 
                qualifies as a small business concern for the purpose 
                of this subsection.
                  (B) Inclusions.--The minimum uniform criteria 
                established under subparagraph (A) shall include, with 
                respect to a potential small business concern--
                          (i) on-site visits;
                          (ii) personal interviews with personnel;
                          (iii) issuance or inspection of licenses;
                          (iv) analyses of stock ownership;
                          (v) listings of equipment;
                          (vi) analyses of bonding capacity;
                          (vii) listings of work completed;
                          (viii) examination of the resumes of 
                        principal owners;
                          (ix) analyses of financial capacity; and
                          (x) analyses of the type of work preferred.
          (6) Reporting.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
        establish minimum requirements for use by State governments in 
        reporting to the Secretary--
                  (A) information concerning disadvantaged business 
                enterprise awards, commitments, and achievements; and
                  (B) such other information as the Secretary 
                determines to be appropriate for the proper monitoring 
                of the disadvantaged business enterprise program.
          (7) Compliance with court orders.--Nothing in this subsection 
        limits the eligibility of an individual or entity to receive 
        funds made available under titles I, II, V, and VII of this 
        division and section 403 of title 23, United States Code, if 
        the entity or person is prevented, in whole or in part, from 
        complying with paragraph (3) because a Federal court issues a 
        final order in which the court finds that a requirement or the 
        implementation of paragraph (3) is unconstitutional.
          (8) Sense of congress on prompt payment of dbe 
        subcontractors.--It is the sense of Congress that--
                  (A) the Secretary of Transportation should take 
                additional steps to ensure that recipients comply with 
                section 26.29 of title 49, Code of Federal Regulations 
                (the disadvantaged business enterprises prompt payment 
                rule), or any corresponding regulation, in awarding 
                federally funded transportation contracts under laws 
                and regulations administered by the Secretary; and
                  (B) such additional steps should include increasing 
                the Department of Transportation's ability to track and 
                keep records of complaints and to make that information 
                publicly available.
          (9) Sense of congress on fulfilling certain contracts.--It is 
        the sense of Congress that contractors participating in a 
        federally funded transportation contract with a small business 
        concern owned and controlled by socially and economically 
        disadvantaged individuals should ensure that the percentage of 
        a contract promised to such small business concern is 
        fulfilled, unless prior approval is obtained consistent with 
        the regulations under part 26 of title 49, Code of Federal 
        Regulations.
  (d) Limitation on Financial Assistance for State-Owned Enterprises.--
          (1) In general.--Funds provided under this section may not be 
        used in awarding or exercising an option on a previously 
        awarded contract, a contract, subcontract, grant, or loan to an 
        entity that is owned or controlled by, is a subsidiary of, or 
        is otherwise related legally or financially to a corporation 
        based in a country that--
                  (A) is identified as a nonmarket economy country (as 
                defined in section 771(18) of the Tariff Act of 1930 
                (19 U.S.C. 1677(18))) as of the date of enactment of 
                this Act;
                  (B) was identified by the United States Trade 
                Representative in the most recent report required by 
                section 182 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2242) 
                as a priority foreign country under subsection (a)(2) 
                of that section; and
                  (C) is subject to monitoring by the Trade 
                Representative under section 306 of the Trade Act of 
                1974 (19 U.S.C. 2416).
          (2) Exception.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the term 
        ``otherwise related legally or financially'' does not include a 
        minority relationship or investment.
          (3) International agreements.--This subsection shall be 
        applied in a manner consistent with the obligations of the 
        United States under international agreements.

SEC. 1102. OBLIGATION LIMITATION.

  (a) General Limitation.--Subject to subsection (e), and 
notwithstanding any other provision of law, the obligations for 
Federal-aid highway and highway safety construction programs shall not 
exceed--
          (1) $66,097,092,526 for fiscal year 2023;
          (2) $66,570,608,070 for fiscal year 2024;
          (3) $67,701,550,431 for fiscal year 2025; and
          (4) $68,741,903,518 for fiscal year 2026.
  (b) Exceptions.--The limitations under subsection (a) shall not apply 
to obligations under or for--
          (1) section 125 of title 23, United States Code;
          (2) section 147 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act 
        of 1978 (23 U.S.C. 144 note; 92 Stat. 2714);
          (3) section 9 of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1981 (95 
        Stat. 1701);
          (4) subsections (b) and (j) of section 131 of the Surface 
        Transportation Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2119);
          (5) subsections (b) and (c) of section 149 of the Surface 
        Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of 1987 
        (101 Stat. 198);
          (6) sections 1103 through 1108 of the Intermodal Surface 
        Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (Public Law 102-240);
          (7) section 157 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
        on June 8, 1998);
          (8) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in effect 
        for fiscal years 1998 through 2004, but only in an amount equal 
        to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
          (9) Federal-aid highway programs for which obligation 
        authority was made available under the Transportation Equity 
        Act for the 21st Century (112 Stat. 107) or subsequent Acts for 
        multiple years or to remain available until expended, but only 
        to the extent that the obligation authority has not lapsed or 
        been used;
          (10) section 105 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 2005 through 2012, but only in an 
        amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
          (11) section 1603 of SAFETEA-LU (23 U.S.C. 118 note; 119 
        Stat. 1248), to the extent that funds obligated in accordance 
        with that section were not subject to a limitation on 
        obligations at the time at which the funds were initially made 
        available for obligation;
          (12) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (as in 
        effect for fiscal years 2013 through 2015, but only in an 
        amount equal to $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
          (13) section 119 of title 23, United States Code (but, for 
        fiscal years 2016 through 2022, only in an amount equal to 
        $639,000,000 for each of those fiscal years);
          (14) section 203 of title 23, United States Code (but, for 
        fiscal years 2023 through 2026, only in an amount equal to 
        $550,000,000 for each of those fiscal years); and
          (15) section 133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, United States Code 
        (but, for fiscal years 2023 through 2026, only in an amount 
        equal to $89,000,000 for each of those fiscal years).
  (c) Distribution of Obligation Authority.--Subject to paragraph 
(1)(B), for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026, the Secretary of 
Transportation--
          (1)(A) shall not distribute obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a) for the fiscal year for--
                  (i) amounts authorized for administrative expenses 
                and programs by section 104(a) of title 23, United 
                States Code;
                  (ii) amounts authorized for the Bureau of 
                Transportation Statistics;
                  (iii) amounts authorized for the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 of title 23, 
                United States Code; and
                  (iv) amounts authorized for the territorial and 
                Puerto Rico highway program under section 165(a) of 
                title 23, United States Code; and
          (B) for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026, in addition 
        to the amounts described in subparagraph (A), shall not 
        distribute obligation authority provided by subsection (a) for 
        the fiscal year for amounts authorized for the metro 
        performance program under section 1305 of this Act;
          (2) shall not distribute an amount of obligation authority 
        provided by subsection (a) that is equal to the unobligated 
        balance of amounts--
                  (A) made available from the Highway Trust Fund (other 
                than the Mass Transit Account) for Federal-aid highway 
                and highway safety construction programs for previous 
                fiscal years, the funds for which are allocated by the 
                Secretary (or apportioned by the Secretary under 
                section 202 or 204 of title 23, United States Code); 
                and
                  (B) for which obligation authority was provided in a 
                previous fiscal year;
          (3) shall determine the proportion that--
                  (A) the obligation authority provided by subsection 
                (a) for the fiscal year, less the aggregate of amounts 
                not distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) of this 
                subsection; bears to
                  (B) the total of--
                          (i) the sums authorized to be appropriated 
                        for the Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
                        construction programs, other than sums 
                        authorized to be appropriated for--
                                  (I) provisions of law described in 
                                paragraphs (1) through (13) of 
                                subsection (b);
                                  (II) section 203 of title 23, United 
                                States Code, equal to the amount 
                                referred to in subsection (b)(14) for 
                                the fiscal year; and
                                  (III) section 133(d)(1)(B) of title 
                                23, United States Code, equal to the 
                                amount referred to in subsection 
                                (b)(15) for the fiscal year; less
                          (ii) the aggregate of the amounts not 
                        distributed under paragraphs (1) and (2) of 
                        this subsection;
          (4) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2), for each of the programs (other 
        than programs to which paragraph (1) applies) that are 
        allocated by the Secretary under this Act and title 23, United 
        States Code, or apportioned by the Secretary under section 202 
        or 204 of such title, by multiplying--
                  (A) the proportion determined under paragraph (3); by
                  (B) the amounts authorized to be appropriated for 
                each such program for the fiscal year; and
          (5) shall distribute the obligation authority provided by 
        subsection (a), less the aggregate amounts not distributed 
        under paragraphs (1) and (2) and the amounts distributed under 
        paragraph (4), for Federal-aid highway and highway safety 
        construction programs that are apportioned by the Secretary 
        under title 23, United States Code (other than the amounts 
        apportioned for the surface transportation program in section 
        133(d)(1)(B) of title 23, United States Code, that are exempt 
        from the limitation under subsection (b)(15) and the amounts 
        apportioned under sections 202 and 204 of such title) in the 
        proportion that--
                  (A) amounts authorized to be appropriated for the 
                programs that are apportioned under title 23, United 
                States Code, to each State for the fiscal year; bears 
                to
                  (B) the total of the amounts authorized to be 
                appropriated for the programs that are apportioned 
                under title 23, United States Code, to all States for 
                the fiscal year.
  (d) Redistribution of Unused Obligation Authority.--Notwithstanding 
subsection (c), the Secretary of Transportation shall, after August 1 
of each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026--
          (1) revise a distribution of the obligation authority made 
        available under subsection (c) if an amount distributed cannot 
        be obligated during that fiscal year; and
          (2) redistribute sufficient amounts to those States able to 
        obligate amounts in addition to those previously distributed 
        during that fiscal year, giving priority to those States having 
        large unobligated balances of funds apportioned under section 
        104 of title 23, United States Code.
  (e) Special Limitation.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        obligation limitations imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to 
        contract authority for--
                  (A) transportation research programs carried out 
                under chapter 5 of title 23, United States Code, and 
                title V of this Act; and
                  (B) the metro performance program under section 1305 
                of this Act.
          (2) Exception.--Obligation authority made available under 
        paragraph (1) shall--
                  (A) remain available for a period of 4 fiscal years; 
                and
                  (B) be in addition to the amount of any limitation 
                imposed on obligations for Federal-aid highway and 
                highway safety construction programs for future fiscal 
                years.
  (f) Lop-Off.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the date of 
        distribution of obligation authority under subsection (c) for 
        each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026, the Secretary of 
        Transportation shall distribute to the States any funds that--
                  (A) are authorized to be appropriated for the fiscal 
                year for Federal-aid highway programs; and
                  (B) the Secretary determines will not be allocated to 
                the States (or will not be apportioned to the States 
                under section 204 of title 23, United States Code), and 
                will not be available for obligation, for the fiscal 
                year because of the imposition of any obligation 
                limitation for the fiscal year.
          (2) Ratio.--Funds shall be distributed under paragraph (1) in 
        the same proportion as the distribution of obligation authority 
        under subsection (c)(5).
          (3) Availability.--Funds distributed to each State under 
        paragraph (1) shall be available for any purpose described in 
        section 133(b) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1103. DEFINITIONS AND DECLARATION OF POLICY.

  Section 101 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (1), (2), (3), (4), 
                (5), (6), (7), (8), (9), (10), (11), (12), (13), (14), 
                (15), (16), (17), (18), (19), (20), (21), (22), (23), 
                (24), (25), (26), (27), (28), (29), (30), (31), (32), 
                (33), and (34) as paragraphs (2), (4), (5), (7), (9), 
                (11), (12), (13), (14), (15), (17), (18), (19), (20), 
                (21), (22), (24), (25), (26), (27), (29), (30), (33), 
                (34), (35), (36), (37), (38), (39), (43), (44), (45), 
                (46), and (47), respectively;
                  (B) by inserting before paragraph (2), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(1) Adaptation.--The term `adaptation' means an adjustment 
        in natural or human systems in anticipation of, or in response 
        to, a changing environment in a way that moderates negative 
        effects of extreme events or climate change.'';
                  (C) by inserting before paragraph (4), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(3) Areas of persistent poverty.--The term `areas of 
        persistent poverty' means--
                  ``(A) any county that has had 20 percent or more of 
                the population of such county living in poverty over 
                the past 30 years, as measured by the 1990 and 2000 
                decennial censuses and the most recent Small Area 
                Income and Poverty Estimates;
                  ``(B) any census tract with a poverty rate of at 
                least 20 percent, as measured by the most recent 5-year 
                data series available from the American Community 
                Survey of the Bureau of the Census for all States and 
                Puerto Rico; or
                  ``(C) any other territory or possession of the United 
                States that has had 20 percent or more of its 
                population living in poverty over the past 30 years, as 
                measured by the 1990, 2000, and 2010 decennial 
                censuses, or equivalent data, of the Bureau of the 
                Census.''.
                  (D) by inserting after paragraph (5), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(6) Climate change.--The term `climate change' means any 
        significant change in the measures of climate lasting for an 
        extended period of time, and may include major changes in 
        temperature, precipitation, wind patterns, or sea level, among 
        others, that occur over several decades or longer.'';
                  (E) in paragraph (7)(A), as so redesignated, by 
                inserting ``assessing resilience,'' after 
                ``surveying,'';
                  (F) by inserting after paragraph (7), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(8) Context sensitive design principles.--The term `context 
        sensitive design principles' means principles for the design of 
        a public road that--
                  ``(A) provides for the safe and adequate 
                accommodation, in all phases of project planning, 
                design, and development, transportation facilities for 
                users, including pedestrians, bicyclists, public 
                transportation users, children, older individuals, 
                individuals with disabilities, motorists, and freight 
                vehicles; and
                  ``(B) considers the context in which the facility is 
                planned to be constructed to determine the appropriate 
                facility design.'';
                  (G) by inserting after paragraph (9), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(10) Evacuation route.--The term `evacuation route' means a 
        transportation route or system that--
                  ``(A) is used to transport--
                          ``(i) the public away from an emergency 
                        event; or
                          ``(ii) first responders and recovery 
                        resources in the event of an emergency; and
                  ``(B) is identified, consistent with sections 
                134(i)(2)(I)(iii) and 135(f)(10)(C)(iii), by the 
                eligible entity with jurisdiction over the area in 
                which the route is located for the purposes described 
                in subparagraph (A).'';
                  (H) by inserting after paragraph (15), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(16) Greenhouse gas.--The term `greenhouse gas' has the 
        meaning given the term in section 211(o)(1)(G) of the Clean Air 
        Act (42 U.S.C. 7545(o)(1)(G)).'';
                  (I) by inserting after paragraph (21), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(23) Natural infrastructure.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `natural infrastructure' 
                means infrastructure that uses, restores, or emulates 
                natural ecological processes that--
                          ``(i) is created through the action of 
                        natural physical, geological, biological, and 
                        chemical processes over time;
                          ``(ii) is created by human design, 
                        engineering, and construction to emulate or act 
                        in concert with natural processes; or
                          ``(iii) involves the use of plants, soils, 
                        and other natural features, including through 
                        the creation, restoration, or preservation of 
                        vegetated areas using materials appropriate to 
                        the region to manage stormwater and runoff, to 
                        attenuate flooding and storm surges, and for 
                        other related purposes.
                  ``(B) Inclusion.--The term `natural infrastructure' 
                includes green infrastructure and nature-based 
                solutions.'';
                  (J) by inserting after paragraph (27), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(28) Protective feature.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `protective feature' 
                means an improvement to a highway, bridge, or other 
                transportation facility designed to increase resilience 
                or mitigate the risk of recurring damage or the cost of 
                future repairs from climate change effects (including 
                sea level rise), flooding, and extreme events or other 
                natural disasters (including wildfires, seismic 
                activity, and landslides).
                  ``(B) Inclusions.--The term `protective feature' 
                includes--
                          ``(i) raising roadway grades;
                          ``(ii) relocating roadways to higher ground 
                        above projected flood elevation levels or away 
                        from slide prone areas;
                          ``(iii) stabilizing slide areas;
                          ``(iv) stabilizing slopes;
                          ``(v) lengthening or raising bridges to 
                        increase waterway openings;
                          ``(vi) increasing the size or number of 
                        drainage structures;
                          ``(vii) replacing culverts with bridges or 
                        upsizing culverts;
                          ``(viii) installing seismic retrofits on 
                        bridges;
                          ``(ix) scour, stream stability, coastal, and 
                        other hydraulic countermeasures;
                          ``(x) the use of natural infrastructure;
                          ``(xi) integration of the use of traditional 
                        and natural infrastructure features;
                          ``(xii) undergrounding public utilities in 
                        the course of other infrastructure improvements 
                        eligible under this title; and
                          ``(xiii) permeable pavements for stormwater 
                        management.'';
                  (K) by inserting after paragraph (30), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(31) Repeatedly damaged facility.--The term `repeatedly 
        damaged facility' means a road, highway, or bridge that has 
        required repair and reconstruction activities on 2 or more 
        occasions due to natural disasters or catastrophic failures 
        resulting in emergencies declared by the Governor of the State 
        in which the road, highway, or bridge is located or emergencies 
        or major disasters declared by the President under the Robert 
        T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
        U.S.C. 5121 et seq.).
          ``(32) Resilience.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `resilience' means, with 
                respect to a facility, the ability to--
                          ``(i) anticipate, prepare for, or adapt to 
                        conditions; or
                          ``(ii) withstand, respond to, or recover 
                        rapidly from disruptions.
                  ``(B) Inclusions.--Such term includes, with respect 
                to a facility, the ability to--
                          ``(i) resist hazards or withstand impacts 
                        from disruptions;
                          ``(ii) reduce the magnitude, duration, or 
                        impact of a disruption; or
                          ``(iii) have the absorptive capacity, 
                        adaptive capacity, and recoverability to 
                        decrease vulnerability to a disruption.''; and
                  (L) by inserting after paragraph (36), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
          ``(40) Transportation demand management; tdm.--The terms 
        `transportation demand management' and `TDM' mean the use of 
        strategies to inform and encourage travelers to maximize the 
        efficiency of a transportation system leading to improved 
        mobility, reduced congestion, and lower vehicle emissions.
          ``(41) Transportation demand management strategies.--The term 
        `transportation demand management strategies' means the use of 
        planning, programs, policy, marketing, communications, 
        incentives, pricing, data, and technology to shift travel mode, 
        routes used, departure times, number of trips, and location and 
        design work space or public attractions.
          ``(42) Transportation system access.--The term 
        `transportation system access' means the ability to travel by 
        automobile, public transportation, pedestrian, and bicycle 
        networks, measured by travel time, taking into consideration--
                  ``(A) the impacts of the level of travel stress for 
                non-motorized users;
                  ``(B) costs for low-income travelers; and
                  ``(C) the extent to which transportation access is 
                impacted by zoning policies and land use planning 
                practices that effect the affordability, elasticity, 
                and diversity of the housing supply.''; and
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``Defense,'' and 
                inserting ``Defense Highways,'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                        ``Century'' and inserting ``century'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (G) by striking ``; 
                        and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                          (iii) in subparagraph (H) by striking 
                        ``Century.'' and inserting ``century;''; and
                          (iv) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) safety is the highest priority of the 
                Department of Transportation, and the Secretary and 
                States should take all actions necessary to meet the 
                transportation needs of the 21st century for all road 
                users;
                  ``(J) climate change presents a significant risk to 
                safety, the economy, and national security, and 
                reducing the contributions of the transportation system 
                to the Nation's total carbon pollution is critical; and
                  ``(K) the Secretary and States should take 
                appropriate measures and ensure investments to increase 
                the resilience of the Nation's transportation 
                system.''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (4)(A) by inserting ``while ensuring 
                that environmental protections are maintained'' after 
                ``review process''.

SEC. 1104. APPORTIONMENT.

  (a) In General.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1) by striking subparagraphs (A) 
        through (E) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) $530,000,000 for fiscal year 2023;
                  ``(B) $543,000,000 for fiscal year 2024;
                  ``(C) $557,000,000 for fiscal year 2025; and
                  ``(D) $572,000,000 for fiscal year 2026.'';
          (2) by striking subsections (b) and (c) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(b) Division Among Programs of State's Share of Base 
Apportionment.--The Secretary shall distribute the amount of the base 
apportionment apportioned to a State for a fiscal year under subsection 
(c) among the covered programs as follows:
          ``(1) National highway performance program.--For the national 
        highway performance program, 55.09 percent of the amount 
        remaining after distributing amounts under paragraphs (4), (6), 
        (7), and (10).
          ``(2) Surface transportation program.--For the surface 
        transportation program, 28.43 percent of the amount remaining 
        after distributing amounts under paragraphs (4), (6), (7), and 
        (10).
          ``(3) Highway safety improvement program.--For the highway 
        safety improvement program, 6.19 percent of the amount 
        remaining after distributing amounts under paragraphs (4), (6), 
        (7), and (10).
          ``(4) Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement 
        program.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For the congestion mitigation and 
                air quality improvement program, an amount determined 
                for the State under subparagraphs (B) and (C).
                  ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount for the 
                congestion mitigation and air quality improvement 
                program for all States shall be--
                          ``(i) $2,913,925,833 for fiscal year 2023;
                          ``(ii) $2,964,919,535 for fiscal year 2024;
                          ``(iii) $3,024,217,926 for fiscal year 2025; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) $3,078,653,849 for fiscal year 2026.
                  ``(C) State share.--For each fiscal year, the 
                Secretary shall distribute among the States the amount 
                for the congestion mitigation and air quality 
                improvement program under subparagraph (B) so that each 
                State receives an amount equal to the proportion that--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State for 
                        the congestion mitigation and air quality 
                        improvement program for fiscal year 2020; bears 
                        to
                          ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned 
                        to all States for such program for fiscal year 
                        2020.
          ``(5) National highway freight program.--For the national 
        highway freight program, 3.38 percent of the amount remaining 
        after distributing amounts under paragraphs (4), (6), (7), and 
        (10).
          ``(6) Metropolitan planning.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For metropolitan planning, an 
                amount determined for the State under subparagraphs (B) 
                and (C).
                  ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount for 
                metropolitan planning for all States shall be--
                          ``(i) $507,500,000 for fiscal year 2023;
                          ``(ii) $516,381,250 for fiscal year 2024;
                          ``(iii) $526,708,875 for fiscal year 2025; 
                        and
                          ``(iv) $536,189,635 for fiscal year 2026.
                  ``(C) State share.--For each fiscal year, the 
                Secretary shall distribute among the States the amount 
                for metropolitan planning under subparagraph (B) so 
                that each State receives an amount equal to the 
                proportion that--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State for 
                        metropolitan planning for fiscal year 2020; 
                        bears to
                          ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned 
                        to all States for metropolitan planning for 
                        fiscal year 2020.
          ``(7) Railway crossings.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For the railway crossings program, 
                an amount determined for the State under subparagraphs 
                (B) and (C).
                  ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount for the railway 
                crossings program for all States shall be $245,000,000 
                for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
                  ``(C) State share.--
                          ``(i) In general.--For each fiscal year, the 
                        Secretary shall distribute among the States the 
                        amount for the railway crossings program under 
                        subparagraph (B) as follows:
                                  ``(I) 50 percent of the amount for a 
                                fiscal year shall be apportioned to 
                                States by the formula set forth in 
                                section 104(b)(3)(A) (as in effect on 
                                the day before the date of enactment of 
                                MAP-21).
                                  ``(II) 50 percent of the amount for a 
                                fiscal year shall be apportioned to 
                                States in the ratio that total public 
                                railway-highway crossings in each State 
                                bears to the total of such crossings in 
                                all States.
                          ``(ii) Minimum apportionment.--
                        Notwithstanding clause (i), for each fiscal 
                        year, each State shall receive a minimum of 
                        one-half of 1 percent of the total amount for 
                        the railway crossings program for such fiscal 
                        year under subparagraph (B).
          ``(8) Predisaster mitigation program.--For the predisaster 
        mitigation program, 2.96 percent of the amount remaining after 
        distributing amounts under paragraphs (4), (6), (7), and (10).
          ``(9) Carbon pollution reduction program.--For the carbon 
        pollution reduction program, 3.95 percent of the amount 
        remaining after distributing amounts under paragraphs (4), (6), 
        (7), and (10).
          ``(10) Clean corridors.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For the clean corridors program, 
                an amount determined for the State under subparagraphs 
                (B) and (C).
                  ``(B) Total amount.--The total amount for the clean 
                corridors program for all States shall be 
                $1,000,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 
                2026.
                  ``(C) State share.--For each fiscal year, the 
                Secretary shall distribute among the States the total 
                amount for the clean corridors program under 
                subparagraph (B) so that each State receives the amount 
                equal to the proportion that--
                          ``(i) the total base apportionment determined 
                        for the State under subsection (c); bears to
                          ``(ii) the total base apportionments for all 
                        States under subsection (c).
  ``(c) Calculation of Amounts.--
          ``(1) State share.--For each of fiscal years 2023 through 
        2026, the amount for each State shall be determined as follows:
                  ``(A) Initial amounts.--The initial amounts for each 
                State shall be determined by multiplying--
                          ``(i) each of--
                                  ``(I) the base apportionment; and
                                  ``(II) supplemental funds reserved 
                                under subsection (h)(1) for the highway 
                                safety improvement program; by
                          ``(ii) the share for each State, which shall 
                        be equal to the proportion that--
                                  ``(I) the amount of apportionments 
                                that the State received for fiscal year 
                                2020; bears to
                                  ``(II) the amount of those 
                                apportionments received by all States 
                                for fiscal year 2020.
                  ``(B) Adjustments to amounts.--The initial amounts 
                resulting from the calculation under subparagraph (A) 
                shall be adjusted to ensure that each State receives an 
                aggregate apportionment equal to at least 95 percent of 
                the estimated tax payments attributable to highway 
                users in the State paid into the Highway Trust Fund 
                (other than the Mass Transit Account) in the most 
                recent fiscal year for which data are available.
          ``(2) State apportionment.--On October 1 of fiscal years 2023 
        through 2026, the Secretary shall apportion the sums authorized 
        to be appropriated for expenditure on the covered programs in 
        accordance with paragraph (1).'';
          (3) in subsection (d)(1)(A)--
                  (A) in clause (i) by striking ``paragraphs (5)(D) and 
                (6) of subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (b)(6)''; and
                  (B) in clause (ii) by striking ``paragraphs (5)(D) 
                and (6) of subsection (b)'' and inserting ``subsection 
                (b)(6)''; and
          (4) by striking subsections (h) and (i) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(h) Supplemental Funds.--
          ``(1) Amount.--Before making an apportionment for a fiscal 
        year under subsection (c), the Secretary shall reserve for the 
        highway safety improvement program under section 148 
        $500,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026 for the 
        purpose of the safe streets set-aside under section 148(m).
          ``(2) Treatment of funds.--Funds reserved under paragraph (1) 
        and apportioned to a State under subsection (c) shall be 
        treated as if apportioned under subsection (b)(3), and shall be 
        in addition to amounts apportioned under such subsection.
  ``(i) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Base apportionment.--The term `base apportionment' 
        means--
                  ``(A) the combined amount authorized for the covered 
                programs; minus
                  ``(B) the supplemental funds reserved under 
                subsection (h) for the highway safety improvement 
                program.
          ``(2) Covered programs.--The term `covered programs' means--
                  ``(A) the national highway performance program under 
                section 119;
                  ``(B) the surface transportation program under 
                section 133;
                  ``(C) the highway safety improvement program under 
                section 148;
                  ``(D) the congestion mitigation and air quality 
                improvement program under section 149;
                  ``(E) the national highway freight program under 
                section 167;
                  ``(F) metropolitan planning under section 134;
                  ``(G) the railway crossings program under section 
                130;
                  ``(H) the predisaster mitigation program under 
                section 124;
                  ``(I) the carbon pollution reduction program under 
                section 171; and
                  ``(J) the clean corridors program under section 
                151.''.
  (b) Federal Share Payable.--Section 120(c)(3) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``(5)(D),''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (C)(i) by striking ``(5)(D),''.
  (c) Metropolitan Transportation Planning; Title 23.--Section 134(p) 
of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking ``paragraphs 
(5)(D) and (6) of section 104(b)'' and inserting ``section 104(b)(6)''.
  (d) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation Planning.--Section 
135(i) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking 
``paragraphs (5)(D) and (6) of section 104(b)'' and inserting ``section 
104(b)(6)''.
  (e) Metropolitan Transportation Planning; Title 49.--Section 5303(p) 
of title 49, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
104(b)(5)'' and inserting ``section 104(b)(6)''.

SEC. 1105. ADDITIONAL DEPOSITS INTO HIGHWAY TRUST FUND.

  Section 105 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``FAST Act'' and inserting 
        ``INVEST in America Act'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``to be 
                appropriated'' each place it appears; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Special rule.--
                  ``(A) Adjustment.--In making an adjustment under 
                paragraph (1) for an allocation, reservation, or set-
                aside from an amount authorized from the Highway 
                Account or Mass Transit Account described in 
                subparagraph (B), the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) determine the ratio that--
                                  ``(I) the amount authorized to be 
                                appropriated for the allocation, 
                                reservation, or set-aside from the 
                                account for the fiscal year; bears to
                                  ``(II) the total amount authorized to 
                                be appropriated for such fiscal year 
                                for all programs under such account;
                          ``(ii) multiply the ratio determined under 
                        clause (i) by the amount of the adjustment 
                        determined under subsection (b)(1)(B); and
                          ``(iii) adjust the amount that the Secretary 
                        would have allocated for the allocation, 
                        reservation, or set-aside for such fiscal year 
                        but for this section by the amount calculated 
                        under clause (ii).
                  ``(B) Allocations, reservations, and set-asides.--The 
                allocations, reservations, and set-asides described in 
                this subparagraph are--
                          ``(i) from the amount made available for a 
                        fiscal year for the Federal lands 
                        transportation program under section 203, the 
                        amounts allocated for a fiscal year for the 
                        National Park Service, the United States Fish 
                        and Wildlife Service, the United States Forest 
                        Service, the Corps of Engineers, the Bureau of 
                        Land Management, the Bureau of Reclamation, and 
                        independent Federal agencies with natural 
                        resource and land management responsibilities;
                          ``(ii) the amount made available for the 
                        Puerto Rico highway program under section 
                        165(a)(1);
                          ``(iii) the amount made available for the 
                        territorial highway program under section 
                        165(a)(2);
                          ``(iv) from the amounts made available for a 
                        fiscal year for the urbanized areas formula 
                        grants under section 5307 of title 49, the 
                        amounts allocated for a fiscal year for the 
                        passenger ferry grant program under section 
                        5307(h) of such title;
                          ``(v) from the amounts made available for a 
                        fiscal year for the formula grants for rural 
                        areas under section 5311 of such title, the 
                        amounts allocated for a fiscal year for public 
                        transportation on Indian reservations;
                          ``(vi) from the amounts made available for a 
                        fiscal year for the public transportation 
                        innovation program under section 5312 of such 
                        title--
                                  ``(I) the amounts allocated for the 
                                zero emission vehicle component 
                                assessment under section 5312(h) of 
                                such title; and
                                  ``(II) the amounts allocated for the 
                                transit cooperative research program 
                                under section 5312(i) of such title;
                          ``(vii) from the amounts made available for a 
                        fiscal year for the technical assistance and 
                        workforce development program of section 5314 
                        of such title, the amounts allocated for the 
                        national transit institute under section 
                        5314(c) of such title;
                          ``(viii) from the amounts made available for 
                        a fiscal year for the bus and bus facilities 
                        program under section 5339 of such title, the 
                        amounts allocated for a fiscal year for the 
                        zero emission grants under section 5339(c) of 
                        such title;
                          ``(ix) the amounts made available for growing 
                        States under section 5340(c) of such title; and
                          ``(x) the amounts made available for high 
                        density states under section 5340(d) of such 
                        title.'';
          (3) in subsection (d) by inserting ``and section 5324 of 
        title 49'' after ``section 125'';
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking ``There is authorized'' and inserting 
                ``For fiscal year 2023 and each fiscal year thereafter, 
                there is authorized''; and
                  (B) by striking ``for any of fiscal years 2017 
                through 2020''; and
          (5) in subsection (f)(1) by striking ``section 1102 or 3018 
        of the FAST Act'' and inserting ``any other provision of law''.

SEC. 1106. TRANSPARENCY.

  (a) Apportionment.--Section 104 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
  ``(g) Highway Trust Fund Transparency and Accountability Reports.--
          ``(1) Requirement.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The Secretary shall compile data 
                in accordance with this subsection on the use of 
                Federal-aid highway funds made available under this 
                title.
                  ``(B) User friendly data.--The data compiled under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be in a user friendly format 
                that can be searched, downloaded, disaggregated, and 
                filtered by data category.
          ``(2) Project data.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
                end of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall make 
                available on the website of the Department of 
                Transportation a report that describes--
                          ``(i) the location of each active project 
                        within each State during such fiscal year, 
                        including in which congressional district or 
                        districts such project is located;
                          ``(ii) the total cost of such project;
                          ``(iii) the amount of Federal funding 
                        obligated for such project;
                          ``(iv) the program or programs from which 
                        Federal funds have been obligated for such 
                        project;
                          ``(v) whether such project is located in an 
                        area of the State with a population of--
                                  ``(I) less than 5,000 individuals;
                                  ``(II) 5,000 or more individuals but 
                                less than 50,000 individuals;
                                  ``(III) 50,000 or more individuals 
                                but less than 200,001 individuals; or
                                  ``(IV) greater than 200,000 
                                individuals;
                          ``(vi) whether such project is located in an 
                        area of persistent poverty;
                          ``(vii) the type of improvement being made by 
                        such project, including categorizing such 
                        project as--
                                  ``(I) a road reconstruction project;
                                  ``(II) a new road construction 
                                project;
                                  ``(III) a new bridge construction 
                                project;
                                  ``(IV) a bridge rehabilitation 
                                project; or
                                  ``(V) a bridge replacement project; 
                                and
                          ``(viii) the functional classification of the 
                        roadway on which such project is located.
                  ``(B) Interactive map.--In addition to the data made 
                available under subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall 
                make available on the website of the Department of 
                Transportation an interactive map that displays, for 
                each active project, the information described in 
                clauses (i) through (v) of subparagraph (A).
          ``(3) State data.--
                  ``(A) Apportioned and allocated programs.--The 
                website described in paragraph (2)(A) shall be updated 
                annually to display the Federal-aid highway funds 
                apportioned and allocated to each State under this 
                title, including--
                          ``(i) the amount of funding available for 
                        obligation by the State, including prior 
                        unobligated balances, at the start of the 
                        fiscal year;
                          ``(ii) the amount of funding obligated by the 
                        State during such fiscal year;
                          ``(iii) the amount of funding remaining 
                        available for obligation by the State at the 
                        end of such fiscal year; and
                          ``(iv) changes in the obligated, unexpended 
                        balance for the State.
                  ``(B) Programmatic data.--The data described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                          ``(i) the amount of funding by each 
                        apportioned and allocated program for which the 
                        State received funding under this title;
                          ``(ii) the amount of funding transferred 
                        between programs by the State during the fiscal 
                        year using the authority provided under section 
                        126; and
                          ``(iii) the amount and program category of 
                        Federal funds exchanged as described in section 
                        106(g)(6).
          ``(4) Definitions.--In this subsection:
                  ``(A) Active project.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The term `active project' 
                        means a Federal-aid highway project using funds 
                        made available under this title on which those 
                        funds were obligated or expended during the 
                        fiscal year for which the estimated total cost 
                        as of the start of construction is greater than 
                        $5,000,000.
                          ``(ii) Exclusion.--The term `active project' 
                        does not include any project for which funds 
                        are transferred to agencies other than the 
                        Federal Highway Administration.
                  ``(B) Interactive map.--The term `interactive map' 
                means a map displayed on the public website of the 
                Department of Transportation that allows a user to 
                select and view information for each active project, 
                State, and congressional district.
                  ``(C) State.--The term `State' means any of the 50 
                States or the District of Columbia.''.
  (b) Project Approval and Oversight.--Section 106 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (4) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Assistance to states.--The Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) develop criteria for States to use to 
                        make the determination required under 
                        subparagraph (A); and
                          ``(ii) provide training, guidance, and other 
                        assistance to States and subrecipients as 
                        needed to ensure that projects administered by 
                        subrecipients comply with the requirements of 
                        this title.
                  ``(C) Periodic review.--The Secretary shall review, 
                not less frequently than every 2 years, the monitoring 
                of subrecipients by the States.''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6) Federal funding exchange programs.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If a State allows a subrecipient 
                to exchange Federal funds provided under this title 
                that are allocated to such subrecipient for State or 
                local funds, the State must certify to the Secretary 
                that the State--
                          ``(i) has prevailing wage requirements that 
                        are comparable to the requirements under 
                        section 113 that apply to the use of such State 
                        or local funds; and
                          ``(ii) shall ensure that the prevailing wage 
                        requirements described in clause (i) apply to 
                        the use of such State or local funds.
                  ``(B) Applicability.--The requirements of this 
                paragraph shall apply only if the requirements of 
                section 113 would be applicable to a covered project if 
                such project was carried out using Federal funds.
                  ``(C) Covered project defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `covered project' means a project carried out 
                with exchanged State or local funds as described in 
                subparagraph (A).'';
          (2) in subsection (h)(3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``, as determined 
                by the Secretary,''; and
                  (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``shall assess'' 
                and inserting ``in the case of a project proposed to be 
                advanced as a public-private partnership, shall include 
                a detailed value for money analysis or comparable 
                analysis to determine''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(k) Megaprojects.--
          ``(1) Comprehensive risk management plan.--To be authorized 
        for the construction of a megaproject, the recipient of Federal 
        financial assistance under this title for such megaproject 
        shall submit to the Secretary a comprehensive risk management 
        plan that contains--
                  ``(A) a description of the process by which the 
                recipient will identify, quantify, and monitor the 
                risks, including natural hazards, that might result in 
                cost overruns, project delays, reduced construction 
                quality, or reductions in benefits with respect to the 
                megaproject;
                  ``(B) examples of mechanisms the recipient will use 
                to track risks identified pursuant to subparagraph (A);
                  ``(C) a plan to control such risks; and
                  ``(D) such assurances as the Secretary determines 
                appropriate that the recipient shall, with respect to 
                the megaproject--
                          ``(i) regularly submit to the Secretary 
                        updated cost estimates; and
                          ``(ii) maintain and regularly reassess 
                        financial reserves for addressing known and 
                        unknown risks.
          ``(2) Peer review group.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
                date on which a megaproject is authorized for 
                construction, the recipient of Federal financial 
                assistance under this title for such megaproject shall 
                establish a peer review group for such megaproject that 
                consists of at least 5 individuals (including at least 
                1 individual with project management experience) to 
                give expert advice on the scientific, technical, and 
                project management aspects of the megaproject.
                  ``(B) Membership.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Not later than 180 days 
                        after the date of enactment of this subsection, 
                        the Secretary shall establish guidelines 
                        describing how a recipient described in 
                        subparagraph (A) shall--
                                  ``(I) recruit and select members for 
                                a peer review group established under 
                                such subparagraph; and
                                  ``(II) make publicly available the 
                                criteria for such selection and 
                                identify the members so selected.
                          ``(ii) Conflict of interest.--No member of a 
                        peer review group for a megaproject may have a 
                        direct or indirect financial interest in such 
                        megaproject.
                  ``(C) Tasks.--A peer review group established under 
                subparagraph (A) by a recipient of Federal financial 
                assistance for a megaproject shall--
                          ``(i) meet annually until completion of the 
                        megaproject;
                          ``(ii) not later than 90 days after the date 
                        of the establishment of the peer review group 
                        and not later than 90 days after the date of 
                        any significant change, as determined by the 
                        Secretary, to the scope, schedule, or budget of 
                        the megaproject, review the scope, schedule, 
                        and budget of the megaproject, including 
                        planning, engineering, financing, and any other 
                        elements determined appropriate by the 
                        Secretary; and
                          ``(iii) submit to the Secretary, Congress, 
                        and such recipient a report on the findings of 
                        each review under clause (ii).
          ``(3) Transparency.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        submission of a report under paragraph (2)(C)(iii), the 
        Secretary shall publish on the website of the Department of 
        Transportation such report.
          ``(4) Megaproject defined.--In this subsection, the term 
        `megaproject' means a project under this title that has an 
        estimated total cost of $2,000,000,000 or more, and such other 
        projects as may be identified by the Secretary.
  ``(l) Special Experimental Projects.--
          ``(1) Public availability.--The Secretary shall publish on 
        the website of the Department of Transportation a copy of all 
        letters of interest, proposals, workplans, and reports related 
        to the special experimental project authority pursuant to 
        section 502(b). The Secretary shall redact confidential 
        business information, as necessary, from any such information 
        published.
          ``(2) Notification.--Not later than 3 days before making a 
        determination to proceed with an experiment under a letter of 
        interest described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        provide notification and a description of the proposed 
        experiment to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate.
          ``(3) Report to congress.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of the INVEST in America Act, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        report that includes--
                  ``(A) a summary of each experiment described in this 
                subsection carried out over the previous 5 years; and
                  ``(B) legislative recommendations, if any, based on 
                the findings of such experiments.
  ``(m) Competitive Grant Program Oversight and Accountability.--
          ``(1) In general.--To ensure the accountability and oversight 
        of the discretionary grant selection process administered by 
        the Secretary, a covered program shall be subject to the 
        requirements of this section, in addition to the requirements 
        applicable to each covered program.
          ``(2) Application process.--The Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) develop a template for applicants to use to 
                summarize--
                          ``(i) project needs and benefits; and
                          ``(ii) any factors, requirements, or 
                        considerations established for the applicable 
                        covered program;
                  ``(B) create a data driven process to evaluate, as 
                set forth in the covered program, each eligible project 
                for which an application is received; and
                  ``(C) make a determination, based on the evaluation 
                made pursuant to subparagraph (B), on any ratings, 
                rankings, scores, or similar metrics for applications 
                made to the covered program.
          ``(3) Notification of congress.--Not less than 15 days before 
        making a grant for a covered program, the Secretary shall 
        notify, in writing, the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on the Environment and Public Works of the Senate 
        of--
                  ``(A) the amount for each project proposed to be 
                selected;
                  ``(B) a description of the review process;
                  ``(C) for each application, the determination made 
                under paragraph (2)(C); and
                  ``(D) a detailed explanation of the basis for each 
                award proposed to be selected.
          ``(4) Notification of applicants.--Not later than 30 days 
        after making a grant for a project under a covered program, the 
        Secretary shall send to all applicants under such covered 
        program, and publish on the website of the Department of 
        Transportation--
                  ``(A) a summary of each application made to the 
                covered program for the given round of funding; and
                  ``(B) the evaluation and justification for the 
                project selection, including all ratings, rankings, 
                scores, or similar metrics for applications made to the 
                covered program for the given round of funding during 
                each phase of the grant selection process.
          ``(5) Briefing.--The Secretary shall provide, at the request 
        of a grant applicant of a covered program, the opportunity to 
        receive a briefing to explain any reasons the grant applicant 
        was not awarded a grant.
          ``(6) Template.--The Secretary shall, to the extent 
        practicable, develop a template as described in paragraph 
        (2)(A) for any discretionary program administered by the 
        Secretary that is not a covered program.
          ``(7) Covered program defined.--The term `covered program' 
        means each of the following discretionary grant programs:
                  ``(A) Community climate innovation grants under 
                section 172.
                  ``(B) Federal lands and tribal major projects grants 
                under section 208.
                  ``(C) Mobility through advanced technologies grants 
                under section 503(c)(4).
                  ``(D) Rebuild rural bridges program under section 
                1307 of the INVEST in America Act.
                  ``(E) Parking for commercial motor vehicle grants 
                under section 1308 of the INVEST in America Act.
                  ``(F) Active connected transportation grants under 
                section 1309 of the INVEST in America Act.
                  ``(G) Wildlife crossings grants under section 1310 of 
                the INVEST in America Act.
                  ``(H) Reconnecting neighborhoods capital construction 
                grants under section 1311(d) of the INVEST in America 
                Act.''.
  (c) Division Office Consistency.--Not later than 1 year after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to Congress a report that--
          (1) analyzes the consistency of determinations among division 
        offices of the Federal Highway Administration; and
          (2) makes recommendations to improve the consistency of such 
        determinations.
  (d) Improving Risk Based Stewardship and Oversight.--Not later than 
180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Administrator of 
the Federal Highway Administration shall reference U.S. DOT Office of 
Inspector General Report No. ST2020035 and take the following actions, 
as necessary, to improve the risk based stewardship and oversight of 
the Federal Highway Administration:
          (1) Update and implement Federal Highway Administration 
        guidance for risk-based project involvement to clarify the 
        requirements for its project risk-assessment process, including 
        expectations for conducting and documenting the risk assessment 
        and criteria to guide the reevaluation of project risks.
          (2) Identify and notify division offices of the Federal 
        Highway Administration about sources of information that can 
        inform the project risk-assessment process.
          (3) Update and implement Federal Highway Administration 
        guidance for risk-based project involvement to clarify how the 
        link between elevated risks and associated oversight 
        activities, changes to oversight actions, and the results of 
        its risk-based involvement should be documented in project 
        oversight plans.
          (4) Develop and implement a process to routinely monitor the 
        implementation and evaluate the effectiveness of Federal 
        Highway Administration risk-based project involvement.

SEC. 1107. COMPLETE AND CONTEXT SENSITIVE STREET DESIGN.

  (a) Standards.--Section 109 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``planned future 
                traffic of the highway in a manner that is conducive 
                to'' and inserting ``future operational performance of 
                the facility in a manner that enhances''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``, taking into 
                consideration context sensitive design principles'' 
                after ``each locality'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``The geometric'' and inserting 
                ``Design Criteria for the Interstate System.--The 
                geometric''; and
                  (B) by striking ``the types and volumes of traffic 
                anticipated for such project for the twenty-year period 
                commencing on the date of approval by the Secretary, 
                under section 106 of this title, of the plans, 
                specifications, and estimates for actual construction 
                of such project'' and inserting ``the existing and 
                future operational performance of the facility'';
          (3) in subsection (c)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (D) by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(E) context sensitive design principles.'';
          (4) by striking subsection (o) and inserting the following:
  ``(o) Compliance With State Laws for Non-NHS Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--Projects (other than highway projects on 
        the National Highway System) shall--
                  ``(A) be designed, constructed, operated, and 
                maintained in accordance with State laws, regulations, 
                directives, safety standards, design standards, and 
                construction standards; and
                  ``(B) take into consideration context sensitive 
                design principles.
          ``(2) Design flexibility.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A local jurisdiction may 
                        select the most appropriate design publication 
                        for the roadway context in which the local 
                        jurisdiction is located for the design of a 
                        project on a roadway (other than a highway on 
                        the National Highway System) if--
                                  ``(I) the local jurisdiction provides 
                                notification and justification of the 
                                use of such design publication to any 
                                State in which the project is located; 
                                and
                                  ``(II) the design complies with all 
                                other applicable Federal and State 
                                laws.
                          ``(ii) Review.--If a State rejects a local 
                        jurisdiction's selection of a design 
                        publication under this subparagraph, the local 
                        jurisdiction may submit notification and 
                        justification of such use to the Secretary. The 
                        Secretary shall make a determination to approve 
                        or deny such submission not later than 90 days 
                        after receiving such submission.
                  ``(B) State-owned roads.--In the case of a roadway 
                under the ownership of the State, the local 
                jurisdiction may select the most appropriate design 
                publication only with the concurrence of the State.
                  ``(C) Programmatic basis.--The Secretary may consider 
                the use of a design publication under this paragraph on 
                a programmatic basis.''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(s) Context Sensitive Design.--
          ``(1) Context sensitive design principles.--The Secretary 
        shall consult with State and local officials prior to approving 
        any roadway design publications under this section to ensure 
        that the design publications provide adequate flexibility for a 
        project sponsor to select the appropriate design of a roadway, 
        consistent with context sensitive design principles.
          ``(2) Policies or procedures.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                Secretary publishes the final guidance described in 
                paragraph (3), each State shall adopt policies or 
                procedures to evaluate the context of a proposed 
                roadway and select the appropriate design, consistent 
                with context sensitive design principles.
                  ``(B) Local governments.--The Secretary and States 
                shall encourage local governments to adopt policies or 
                procedures described under subparagraph (A).
                  ``(C) Considerations.--The policies or procedures 
                developed under this paragraph shall take into 
                consideration the guidance developed by the Secretary 
                under paragraph (3).
          ``(3) Guidance.--
                  ``(A) In general.--
                          ``(i) Notice.--Not later than 1 year after 
                        the date of enactment of this subsection, the 
                        Secretary shall publish guidance on the 
                        official website of the Department of 
                        Transportation on context sensitive design.
                          ``(ii) Public review and comment.--The 
                        guidance described in this paragraph shall be 
                        finalized following an opportunity for public 
                        review and comment.
                          ``(iii) Update.--The Secretary shall 
                        periodically update the guidance described in 
                        this paragraph, including the model policies or 
                        procedures described under subparagraph (B)(v).
                  ``(B) Contents.--The guidance described in this 
                paragraph shall--
                          ``(i) provide best practices for States, 
                        metropolitan planning organizations, regional 
                        transportation planning organizations, local 
                        governments, or other project sponsors to 
                        implement context sensitive design principles;
                          ``(ii) identify opportunities to modify 
                        planning, scoping, design, and development 
                        procedures to more effectively combine modes of 
                        transportation into integrated facilities that 
                        meet the needs of each of such modes of 
                        transportation in an appropriate balance;
                          ``(iii) identify metrics to assess the 
                        context of the facility, including surrounding 
                        land use or roadside characteristics;
                          ``(iv) assess the expected operational and 
                        safety performance of facility design; and
                          ``(v) establish model policies or procedures, 
                        consistent with the findings of such guidance, 
                        for a State or other project sponsor to 
                        evaluate the context of a proposed facility and 
                        select the appropriate facility design for the 
                        context.
                  ``(C) Topics of emphasis.--In addition to the 
                contents in subparagraph (B), the guidance shall 
                emphasize--
                          ``(i) procedures for identifying the needs of 
                        users of all ages and abilities of a particular 
                        roadway;
                          ``(ii) procedures for identifying the types 
                        and designs of facilities needed to serve 
                        various modes of transportation;
                          ``(iii) safety and other benefits provided by 
                        carrying out context sensitive design 
                        principles;
                          ``(iv) common barriers to carrying out 
                        context sensitive design principles;
                          ``(v) procedures for overcoming the most 
                        common barriers to carrying out context 
                        sensitive design principles;
                          ``(vi) procedures for identifying the costs 
                        associated with carrying out context sensitive 
                        design principles;
                          ``(vii) procedures for maximizing local 
                        cooperation in the introduction of context 
                        sensitive design principles and carrying out 
                        those principles; and
                          ``(viii) procedures for assessing and 
                        modifying the facilities and operational 
                        characteristics of existing roadways to improve 
                        consistency with context sensitive design 
                        principles.
          ``(4) Funding.--Amounts made available under sections 
        104(b)(6) and 505 of this title may be used for States, local 
        governments, metropolitan planning organizations, or regional 
        transportation planning organizations to adopt policies or 
        procedures to evaluate the context of a proposed roadway and 
        select the appropriate design, consistent with context 
        sensitive design principles.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendment.--Section 1404(b) of the FAST Act (23 U.S.C. 
109 note) is repealed.

SEC. 1108. INNOVATIVE PROJECT DELIVERY FEDERAL SHARE.

  (a) In General.--Section 120(c)(3)(B) of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking clauses (i) and (ii) and inserting the 
        following:
                          ``(i) prefabricated bridge elements and 
                        systems, innovative materials, and other 
                        technologies to reduce bridge construction 
                        time, extend service life, and reduce 
                        preservation costs, as compared to 
                        conventionally designed and constructed 
                        bridges;
                          ``(ii) innovative construction equipment, 
                        materials, techniques, or practices, including 
                        the use of in-place recycling technology, 
                        digital 3-dimensional modeling technologies, 
                        and advanced digital construction management 
                        systems;'';
          (2) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (ix);
          (3) in clause (v) by striking ``or'' at the end; and
          (4) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                          ``(vi) innovative pavement materials that 
                        demonstrate reductions in--
                                  ``(I) greenhouse gas emissions 
                                through sequestration or innovative 
                                manufacturing processes; or
                                  ``(II) local air pollution, 
                                stormwater runoff, or noise pollution;
                          ``(vii) innovative culvert materials that are 
                        made with recycled content and demonstrate 
                        reductions in greenhouse gas emissions;
                          ``(viii) contractual provisions that provide 
                        safety contingency funds to incorporate safety 
                        enhancements to work zones prior to or during 
                        roadway construction and maintenance 
                        activities; or''.
  (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 107(a)(2) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``subsection (c) of''.

SEC. 1109. TRANSFERABILITY OF FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAY FUNDS.

  Section 126(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in the heading by inserting ``and Programs'' after ``Set-
        Asides'';
          (2) in paragraph (1) by striking ``and 133(d)(1)(A)'' and 
        inserting ``, 130, 133(d)(1)(A), 133(h), 148(m), 149, 151(f), 
        and 171''; and
          (3) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the following:
          ``(2) Environmental programs.--With respect to an 
        apportionment under either paragraph (4) or paragraph (9) of 
        section 104(b), and notwithstanding paragraph (1), a State may 
        only transfer not more than 50 percent from the amount of the 
        apportionment of either such paragraph to the apportionment 
        under the other such paragraph in a fiscal year.''.

SEC. 1110. TOLLING.

  (a) Toll Roads, Bridges, Tunnels, and Ferries.--Section 129 of title 
23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--
                  ``(A) Authorization.--Subject to the provisions of 
                this section, Federal participation shall be permitted 
                on the same basis and in the same manner as 
                construction of toll-free highways is permitted under 
                this chapter in the--
                          ``(i) initial construction of a toll highway, 
                        bridge, or tunnel or approach to the highway, 
                        bridge, or tunnel;
                          ``(ii) initial construction of 1 or more 
                        lanes or other improvements that increase 
                        capacity of a highway, bridge, or tunnel (other 
                        than a highway on the Interstate System) and 
                        conversion of that highway, bridge, or tunnel 
                        to a tolled facility, if the number of toll-
                        free lanes, excluding auxiliary lanes, after 
                        the construction is not less than the number of 
                        toll-free lanes, excluding auxiliary lanes, 
                        before the construction;
                          ``(iii) initial construction of 1 or more 
                        lanes or other improvements that increase the 
                        capacity of a highway, bridge, or tunnel on the 
                        Interstate System and conversion of that 
                        highway, bridge, or tunnel to a tolled 
                        facility, if the number of toll-free non-HOV 
                        lanes, excluding auxiliary lanes, after such 
                        construction is not less than the number of 
                        toll-free non-HOV lanes, excluding auxiliary 
                        lanes, before such construction;
                          ``(iv) reconstruction, resurfacing, 
                        restoration, rehabilitation, or replacement of 
                        a toll highway, bridge, or tunnel or approach 
                        to the highway, bridge, or tunnel;
                          ``(v) reconstruction or replacement of a 
                        toll-free bridge or tunnel and conversion of 
                        the bridge or tunnel to a toll facility;
                          ``(vi) reconstruction of a toll-free Federal-
                        aid highway (other than a highway on the 
                        Interstate System) and conversion of the 
                        highway to a toll facility;
                          ``(vii) reconstruction, restoration, or 
                        rehabilitation of a highway on the Interstate 
                        System if the number of toll-free non-HOV 
                        lanes, excluding auxiliary lanes, after 
                        reconstruction, restoration, or rehabilitation 
                        is not less than the number of toll-free non-
                        HOV lanes, excluding auxiliary lanes, before 
                        reconstruction, restoration, or rehabilitation;
                          ``(viii) conversion of a high occupancy 
                        vehicle lane on a highway, bridge, or tunnel to 
                        a toll facility, subject to the requirements of 
                        section 166; and
                          ``(ix) preliminary studies to determine the 
                        feasibility of a toll facility for which 
                        Federal participation is authorized under this 
                        paragraph.
                  ``(B) Agreement to toll.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Before the Secretary may 
                        authorize tolling under this subsection, the 
                        public authority with jurisdiction over a 
                        highway, bridge, or tunnel shall enter into an 
                        agreement with the Secretary to ensure 
                        compliance with the requirements of this 
                        subsection.
                          ``(ii) Applicability.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--The requirements 
                                of this subparagraph shall apply to--
                                          ``(aa) Federal participation 
                                        under subparagraph (A);
                                          ``(bb) any prior Federal 
                                        participation in the facility 
                                        proposed to be tolled; and
                                          ``(cc) conversion, with or 
                                        without Federal participation, 
                                        of a non-tolled lane on the 
                                        National Highway System to a 
                                        toll facility under 
                                        subparagraph (E).
                                  ``(II) HOV facility.--Except as 
                                otherwise provided in this subsection 
                                or section 166, the provisions of this 
                                paragraph shall not apply to a high 
                                occupancy vehicle facility.
                          ``(iii) Major federal action.--Approval by 
                        the Secretary of an agreement to toll under 
                        this paragraph shall be considered a major 
                        Federal action under the National Environmental 
                        Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.).
                  ``(C) Agreement conditions.--Prior to entering into 
                an agreement to toll under subparagraph (B), the public 
                authority shall certify to the Secretary that--
                          ``(i) the public authority has established 
                        procedures to ensure the toll meets the 
                        purposes and requirements of this subsection;
                          ``(ii) the facility shall provide for access 
                        at no cost to public transportation vehicles 
                        and over-the-road buses serving the public; and
                          ``(iii) the facility shall provide for the 
                        regional interoperability of electronic toll 
                        collection, including through technologies or 
                        business practices.
                  ``(D) Consideration of impacts.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Prior to entering into an 
                        agreement to toll under subparagraph (B), the 
                        Secretary shall ensure the public authority has 
                        adequately considered, including by providing 
                        an opportunity for public comment, the 
                        following factors within the corridor:
                                  ``(I) Congestion impacts on both the 
                                toll facility and in the corridor or 
                                cordon (including adjacent toll-free 
                                facilities).
                                  ``(II) In the case of a non-
                                attainment or maintenance area, air 
                                quality impacts.
                                  ``(III) Planned investments to 
                                improve public transportation or other 
                                non-tolled alternatives in the 
                                corridor.
                                  ``(IV) Environmental justice and 
                                equity impacts.
                                  ``(V) Impacts on freight movement.
                                  ``(VI) Economic impacts on 
                                businesses.
                          ``(ii) Consideration in environmental 
                        review.--Nothing in this subparagraph shall 
                        limit a public authority from meeting the 
                        requirements of this subparagraph through the 
                        environmental review process, as applicable.
                  ``(E) Congestion pricing.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary may 
                        authorize conversion of a non-tolled lane on 
                        the National Highway System to a toll facility 
                        to utilize pricing to manage the demand to use 
                        the facility by varying the toll amount that is 
                        charged.
                          ``(ii) Requirement.--Prior to entering into 
                        an agreement to convert a non-tolled lane on 
                        the National Highway System to a toll facility, 
                        the Secretary shall ensure (in addition to the 
                        requirements under subparagraphs (B), (C), and 
                        (D)) that such toll facility and the planned 
                        investments to improve public transportation or 
                        other non-tolled alternatives in the corridor 
                        are reasonably expected to improve the 
                        operation of the cordon or corridor, as 
                        described in clauses (iii) and (iv).
                          ``(iii) Performance monitoring.--A public 
                        authority that enters into an agreement to 
                        convert a non-tolled lane to a toll facility 
                        under this subparagraph shall--
                                  ``(I) establish, monitor, and support 
                                a performance monitoring, evaluation, 
                                and reporting program--
                                          ``(aa) for the toll facility 
                                        that provides for continuous 
                                        monitoring, assessment, and 
                                        reporting on the impacts that 
                                        the pricing structure may have 
                                        on the operation of the 
                                        facility; and
                                          ``(bb) for the corridor or 
                                        cordon that provides for 
                                        continuous monitoring, 
                                        assessment, and reporting on 
                                        the impacts of congestion 
                                        pricing on the operation of the 
                                        corridor or cordon;
                                  ``(II) submit to the Secretary annual 
                                reports of the impacts described in 
                                subclause (I); and
                                  ``(III) if the facility or the 
                                corridor or cordon becomes degraded, as 
                                described in clause (iv), submit to the 
                                Secretary an annual update that 
                                describes the actions proposed to bring 
                                the toll facility into compliance and 
                                the progress made on such actions.
                          ``(iv) Determination.--
                                  ``(I) Degraded operation.--For 
                                purposes of clause (iii)(III), the 
                                operation of a toll facility shall be 
                                considered to be degraded if vehicles 
                                operating on the facility are failing 
                                to maintain a minimum average operating 
                                speed 90 percent of the time over a 
                                consecutive 180-day period during peak 
                                hour periods.
                                  ``(II) Degraded corridor or cordon.--
                                For the purposes of clause (iii)(III), 
                                a corridor or cordon shall be 
                                considered to be degraded if congestion 
                                pricing or investments to improve 
                                public transportation or other non-
                                tolled alternatives have not resulted 
                                in--
                                          ``(aa) an increase in person 
                                        or freight throughput in the 
                                        corridor or cordon; or
                                          ``(bb) a reduction in person 
                                        hours of delay in the corridor 
                                        or cordon, as determined by the 
                                        Secretary.
                                  ``(III) Definition of minimum average 
                                operating speed.--In this subparagraph, 
                                the term `minimum average operating 
                                speed' means--
                                          ``(aa) 35 miles per hour, in 
                                        the case of a toll facility 
                                        with a speed limit of 45 miles 
                                        per hour or greater; and
                                          ``(bb) not more than 10 miles 
                                        per hour below the speed limit, 
                                        in the case of a toll facility 
                                        with a speed limit of less than 
                                        50 miles per hour.
                          ``(v) Maintenance of operating performance.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--Not later than 180 
                                days after the date on which a facility 
                                or a corridor or cordon becomes 
                                degraded under clause (iv), the public 
                                authority with jurisdiction over the 
                                facility shall submit to the Secretary 
                                for approval a plan that details the 
                                actions the public authority will take 
                                to make significant progress toward 
                                bringing the facility or corridor or 
                                cordon into compliance with this 
                                subparagraph.
                                  ``(II) Notice of approval or 
                                disapproval.--Not later than 60 days 
                                after the date of receipt of a plan 
                                under subclause (I), the Secretary 
                                shall provide to the public authority a 
                                written notice indicating whether the 
                                Secretary has approved or disapproved 
                                the plan based on a determination of 
                                whether the implementation of the plan 
                                will make significant progress toward 
                                bringing the facility or corridor or 
                                cordon into compliance with this 
                                subparagraph.
                                  ``(III) Update.--Until the date on 
                                which the Secretary determines that the 
                                public authority has brought the 
                                facility or corridor or cordon into 
                                compliance with this subparagraph, the 
                                public authority shall submit annual 
                                updates that describe--
                                          ``(aa) the actions taken to 
                                        bring the facility into 
                                        compliance;
                                          ``(bb) the actions taken to 
                                        bring the corridor or cordon 
                                        into compliance; and
                                          ``(cc) the progress made by 
                                        those actions.
                                  ``(IV) Compliance.--If a public 
                                authority fails to bring a facility 
                                into compliance under this 
                                subparagraph, the Secretary may subject 
                                the public authority to appropriate 
                                program sanctions under section 1.36 of 
                                title 23, Code of Federal Regulations 
                                (or successor regulations), until the 
                                performance is no longer degraded.
                          ``(vi) Consultation of mpo.--If a toll 
                        facility authorized under this subparagraph is 
                        located on the National Highway System and in a 
                        metropolitan planning area established in 
                        accordance with section 134, the public 
                        authority shall consult with the metropolitan 
                        planning organization for the area.
                          ``(vii) Inclusion.--For the purposes of this 
                        paragraph, the corridor or cordon shall include 
                        toll-free facilities that are adjacent to the 
                        toll facility.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) in clause (iv) by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end; and
                                  (II) by striking clause (v) and 
                                inserting the following:
                          ``(v) any project eligible under this title 
                        or chapter 53 of title 49 that improves the 
                        operation of the corridor or cordon by 
                        increasing person or freight throughput and 
                        reducing person hours of delay;
                          ``(vi) toll discounts or rebates for users of 
                        the toll facility that have no reasonable 
                        alternative transportation method to the toll 
                        facility; and
                          ``(vii) if the public authority certifies 
                        annually that the tolled facility is being 
                        adequately maintained and the cordon or 
                        corridor is not degraded under paragraph 
                        (1)(E), any revenues remaining after funding 
                        the activities described in clauses (i) through 
                        (vi) shall be considered surplus revenue and 
                        may be used for any other purpose for which 
                        Federal funds may be obligated by a State under 
                        this title or chapter 53 of title 49.''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Transparency.--
                          ``(i) Annual audit.--
                                  ``(I) In general.--A public authority 
                                with jurisdiction over a toll facility 
                                shall conduct or have an independent 
                                auditor conduct an annual audit of toll 
                                facility records to verify adequate 
                                maintenance and compliance with 
                                subparagraph (A), and report the 
                                results of the audits to the Secretary.
                                  ``(II) Records.--On reasonable 
                                notice, the public authority shall make 
                                all records of the public authority 
                                pertaining to the toll facility 
                                available for audit by the Secretary.
                          ``(ii) Use of revenues.--A State or public 
                        authority that obligates amounts under clauses 
                        (v), (vi), or (vii) of subparagraph (A) shall 
                        annually report to the Secretary a list of 
                        activities funded with such amounts and the 
                        amount of funding provided for each such 
                        activity.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``as of the date of 
                enactment of the MAP-21, before commencing any activity 
                authorized'' and inserting ``, before commencing any 
                activity authorized'';
                  (D) in paragraph (9)--
                          (i) by striking ``bus'' and inserting 
                        ``vehicle''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``buses'' and inserting 
                        ``vehicles''; and
                  (E) by striking paragraph (10) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(10) Interoperability of electronic toll collection.--
                  ``(A) In general.--All toll facilities on Federal-aid 
                highways shall provide for the regional 
                interoperability of electronic toll collection, 
                including through technologies or business practices.
                  ``(B) Prohibition on restriction.--No State, or any 
                political subdivision thereof, shall restrict the 
                information that is shared across public and private 
                toll facility operators or their agents or contractors 
                for purposes of facilitating, operating, or maintaining 
                electronic toll collection programs.
          ``(11) Noncompliance.--If the Secretary concludes that a 
        public authority has not complied with the requirements of this 
        subsection, the Secretary may require the public authority to 
        discontinue collecting tolls until the public authority and the 
        Secretary enter into an agreement for the public authority to 
        achieve compliance with such requirements.
          ``(12) Definitions.--In this subsection, the following 
        definitions apply:
                  ``(A) Federal participation.--The term `Federal 
                participation' means the use of funds made available 
                under this title.
                  ``(B) High occupancy vehicle; hov.--The term `high 
                occupancy vehicle' or `HOV' means a vehicle with not 
                fewer than 2 occupants.
                  ``(C) Initial construction.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The term `initial 
                        construction' means the construction of a 
                        highway, bridge, tunnel, or other facility at 
                        any time before it is open to traffic.
                          ``(ii) Exclusions.--The term `initial 
                        construction' does not include any improvement 
                        to a highway, bridge, tunnel, or other facility 
                        after it is open to traffic.
                  ``(D) Over-the-road bus.--The term `over-the-road 
                bus' has the meaning given the term in section 301 of 
                the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 
                12181).
                  ``(E) Public authority.--The term `public authority' 
                means a State, interstate compact of States, or public 
                entity designated by a State.
                  ``(F) Public transportation vehicle.--The term 
                `public transportation vehicle' has the meaning given 
                that term in section 166.
                  ``(G) Toll facility.--The term `toll facility' means 
                a toll highway, bridge, or tunnel or approach to the 
                highway, bridge, or tunnel constructed or authorized to 
                be tolled under this subsection.''.
  (b) Repeal of Interstate System Reconstruction and Rehabilitation 
Pilot Program.--Section 1216 of the Transportation Equity Act for the 
21st Century (23 U.S.C. 129 note), and the item related to such section 
in the table of contents in section 1(b) of such Act, are repealed.
  (c) Value Pricing Pilot Program.--Section 1012(b) of the Intermodal 
Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 (23 U.S.C. 149 note) is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) Sunset.--The Secretary may not consider an expression 
        of interest submitted under this section after the date of 
        enactment of this paragraph.''.
  (d) Savings Clause.--
          (1) Application of limitations.--Any toll facility described 
        in paragraph (2) shall be subject to the requirements of 
        section 129(a)(3) of title 23, United States Code, as in effect 
        on the day before the date of enactment of this Act.
          (2) Toll facilities.--A toll facility described in this 
        paragraph is a facility that, on the day prior to the date of 
        enactment of this Act, was--
                  (A) operating;
                  (B) in the planning and design phase; or
                  (C) in the construction phase.
  (e) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall submit to Congress a 
report on the implementation of the interoperability of toll collection 
as required under section 1512(b) of MAP-21, including an assessment of 
the progress in, and barriers on, such implementation.

SEC. 1111. HOV FACILITIES.

  Section 166 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (4)(C)(iii) by striking 
                ``transportation buses'' and inserting ``transportation 
                vehicles'';
                  (B) in paragraph (5)(B) by striking ``2019'' and 
                inserting ``2025''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6) Emergency vehicles.--The public authority may allow the 
        following vehicles to use the HOV facility if the authority 
        establishes requirements for clearly identifying the vehicles:
                  ``(A) An emergency vehicle that is responding to an 
                existing emergency.
                  ``(B) A blood transport vehicle that is transporting 
                blood between collection points and hospitals or 
                storage centers.''.
          (2) in subsection (d)(2)(A)(i) by striking ``45 miles per 
        hour, in the case of a HOV facility with a speed limit of 50 
        miles per hour or greater'' and inserting ``35 miles per hour, 
        in the case of a HOV facility with a speed limit of 45 miles 
        per hour or greater'';
          (3) in subsection (d)(2)(B) by striking ``morning or evening 
        weekday peak hour periods (or both)'' and inserting ``peak hour 
        periods'';
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking ``Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of enactment of this section, the Administrator'' 
                and inserting ``The Administrator'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (C) in paragraph (2) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
        the INVEST in America Act, update the requirements established 
        under paragraph (1).''; and
          (5) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraphs (C), (D), and 
                        (F); and
                          (ii) by redesignating subparagraphs (E), (G), 
                        (H), and (I) as subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), 
                        and (F), respectively; and
                  (B) in paragraph (6)(B)(i) by striking ``public 
                entity'' and inserting ``public transportation service 
                that is a recipient or subrecipient of funds under 
                chapter 53 of title 49''.

SEC. 1112. BUY AMERICA.

  (a) In General.--Section 313 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting 
                ``In General.--Notwithstanding'';
                  (B) by striking ``Secretary of Transportation'' and 
                inserting ``Secretary'';
                  (C) by striking ``the Surface Transportation 
                Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2097) or''; and
                  (D) by striking ``and manufactured products'' and 
                inserting ``manufactured products, and construction 
                materials'';
          (2) in subsection (b) by inserting ``Determination.--'' 
        before ``The provisions'';
          (3) in subsection (c) by striking ``For purposes'' and 
        inserting ``Calculation.--For purposes'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``The Secretary of Transportation'' 
                and inserting ``Requirements.--The Secretary''; and
                  (B) by striking ``the Surface Transportation 
                Assistance Act of 1982 (96 Stat. 2097) or'';
          (5) in subsection (g) by inserting ``or within the scope of 
        the applicable finding, determination, or environmental review 
        decision made pursuant to authority granted by the Secretary 
        under section 330, if applicable,'' before ``regardless of 
        the''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(h) Waiver Procedure.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 120 days after the 
        submission of a request for a waiver, the Secretary shall make 
        a determination under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (b) as 
        to whether subsection (a) shall apply.
          ``(2) Public notification and comment.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days before 
                making a determination regarding a waiver described in 
                paragraph (1), the Secretary shall provide notification 
                and an opportunity for public comment on the request 
                for such waiver.
                  ``(B) Notification requirements.--The notification 
                required under subparagraph (A) shall--
                          ``(i) describe whether the application is 
                        being made for a determination described in 
                        subsection (b)(1); and
                          ``(ii) be provided to the public by 
                        electronic means, including on the public 
                        website of the Department of Transportation.
          ``(3) Determination.--Before a determination described in 
        paragraph (1) takes effect, the Secretary shall publish a 
        detailed justification for such determination that addresses 
        all public comments received under paragraph (2)--
                  ``(A) on the public website of the Department of 
                Transportation; and
                  ``(B) if the Secretary issues a waiver with respect 
                to such determination, in the Federal Register.
  ``(i) Review of Nationwide Waivers.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this subsection, and at least every 5 years 
        thereafter, the Secretary shall review any standing nationwide 
        waiver issued by the Secretary under this section to ensure 
        such waiver remains justified.
          ``(2) Public notification and opportunity for comment.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 30 days before the 
                completion of a review under paragraph (1), the 
                Secretary shall provide notification and an opportunity 
                for public comment on such review.
                  ``(B) Means of notification.--Notification provided 
                under this subparagraph shall be provided by electronic 
                means, including on the public website of the 
                Department of Transportation.
          ``(3) Detailed justification in federal register.--After the 
        completion of a review under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
        publish in the Federal Register a detailed justification for 
        the determination made under paragraph (1) that addresses all 
        public comments received under paragraph (2).
          ``(4) Consideration.--In conducting the review under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider the research on 
        supply chains carried out under section 1112(c) of the INVEST 
        in America Act.
  ``(j) Report.--Not later than 120 days after the last day of each 
fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives, the 
Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, and the 
Committee on Appropriations of the Senate a report on the waivers 
provided under subsection (h) during the previous fiscal year and the 
justifications for such waivers.
  ``(k) Construction Materials Defined.--In this section, the term 
`construction materials' means primary materials, except for iron and 
steel, that are commonly used in highway construction, as determined by 
the Secretary.''.
  (b) Construction Materials.--
          (1) Establishment of requirements.--The Secretary shall issue 
        such regulations as are necessary to implement the amendment 
        made subsection (a)(1)(D). Such regulations shall ensure the 
        continued availability of construction materials to carry out 
        projects under title 23, United States Code.
          (2) Considerations.--The requirements of this section, and 
        the amendments made by this section--
                  (A) shall seek to maximize jobs located in the United 
                States;
                  (B) may establish domestic content requirements that 
                increase over time, based on the current and expected 
                future domestic availability of construction materials; 
                and
                  (C) shall take into consideration the research 
                conducted under subsection (c).
          (3) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection 
        (a)(1)(D) shall take effect beginning on the date that the 
        Secretary establishes the requirements described under 
        paragraph (1).
  (c) Research on Supply Chains.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall conduct research on 
        covered items that are commonly used or acquired under title 
        23, United States Code, including--
                  (A) construction materials;
                  (B) manufactured products;
                  (C) vehicles; and
                  (D) alternative fuel infrastructure and electric 
                vehicle supply equipment.
          (2) Considerations.--The research under paragraph (1) shall 
        consider--
                  (A) the current domestic availability of covered 
                items;
                  (B) the current supply chain for covered items; and
                  (C) the estimated demand, in relation to total United 
                States demand from all sources, for covered items 
                from--
                          (i) procurement under the Federal-aid highway 
                        program;
                          (ii) procurement under other programs 
                        administered by the Secretary of 
                        Transportation; and
                          (iii) other Federal procurement.
          (3) Domestic suppliers.--As part of the review under this 
        paragraph, the Secretary may establish and maintain a list of 
        known domestic suppliers of covered items.
          (4) Definition of covered item.--For the purposes of this 
        section, the term ``covered item'' means any material or 
        product (except for iron and steel) subject to the requirements 
        of section 313(a) of title 23, United States Code, that is 
        commonly used in highway construction or procured under the 
        Federal-aid highway program.
  (d) Iron and Steel.--This section, and the amendments made by this 
section, shall not affect the requirements under section 
634.410(b)(1)(ii) of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, with 
respect to iron and steel.
  (e) SAFETEA-LU Technical Corrections Act of 2008.--Section 117 of the 
SAFETEA-LU Technical Corrections Act of 2008 (23 U.S.C. 313 note) is 
repealed.

SEC. 1113. FEDERAL-AID HIGHWAY PROJECT REQUIREMENTS.

  (a) In General.--Section 113 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) by striking subsections (a) and (b) and inserting the 
        following:
  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary shall take such action as may be 
necessary to ensure that all laborers and mechanics employed by 
contractors or subcontractors on construction work performed on 
projects financed or otherwise assisted in whole or in part by a loan, 
loan guarantee, grant, credit enhancement, or any other form of Federal 
assistance administered by the Secretary or the Department, including 
programs to capitalize revolving loan funds and subsequent financing 
cycles under such funds, shall be paid wages at rates not less than 
those prevailing on projects of a character similar in the locality, as 
determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with subchapter IV 
of chapter 31 of title 40. With respect to the labor standards 
specified in this section, the Secretary of Labor shall have the 
authority and functions set forth in Reorganization Plan Numbered 14 of 
1950 (64 Stat. 1267) and section 3145 of title 40.'';
          (2) by redesignating subsection (c) as subsection (b); and
          (3) in subsection (b), as so redesignated, by inserting 
        ``Apprenticeship and Skill Training Programs.--'' before ``The 
        provisions''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Section 133 of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
        by striking subsection (i).
          (2) Section 167 of title 23, United States Code, is amended 
        by striking subsection (l).
          (3) Section 1401 of the MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 note) is 
        amended by striking subsection (e).

SEC. 1114. STATE ASSUMPTION OF RESPONSIBILITY FOR CATEGORICAL 
                    EXCLUSIONS.

  Section 326(c)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking subparagraph (A) and inserting the following:
                  ``(A) except as provided under subparagraph (C), have 
                a term of not more than 3 years;'';
          (2) in subparagraph (B) by striking the period at the end and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(C) for any State that has assumed the 
                responsibility for categorical exclusions under this 
                section for at least 10 years, have a term of 5 
                years.''.

SEC. 1115. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROJECT DELIVERY PROGRAM WRITTEN 
                    AGREEMENTS.

  Section 327 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)(G) by inserting ``, including the 
        payment of fees awarded under section 2412 of title 28'' after 
        ``with the project''.
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (5) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(5) except as provided under paragraph (7), have a term of 
        not more than 5 years;'';
                  (B) in paragraph (6) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) for any State that has participated in a program under 
        this section (or under a predecessor program) for at least 10 
        years, have a term of 10 years.'';
          (3) in subsection (g)(1)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``annual'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (C) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as subparagraph 
                (D); and
                  (D) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
                following:
                  ``(C) in the case of an agreement period of greater 
                than 5 years under subsection (c)(7), conduct an audit 
                covering the first 5 years of the agreement period; 
                and''; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(m) Agency Deemed to Be Federal Agency.--A State agency that is 
assigned a responsibility under an agreement under this section shall 
be deemed to be an agency of the United States for the purposes of 
section 2412 of title 28.''.

SEC. 1116. CORROSION PREVENTION FOR BRIDGES.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Applicable bridge projects.--The term ``applicable bridge 
        projects'' means a project for construction, replacement, 
        rehabilitation, preservation, or protection, other than de 
        minimis work, as determined by the applicable State department 
        of transportation, on a bridge project that receives financial 
        assistance under title 23, United States Code.
          (2) Certified contractor.--The term ``certified contractor'' 
        means a contracting or subcontracting firm that has been 
        certified by an industry-wide recognized third party 
        organization that evaluates the capability of the contractor or 
        subcontractor to properly perform 1 or more specified aspects 
        of applicable bridge projects described in subsection (b)(2).
          (3) Qualified training program.--The term ``qualified 
        training program'' means a training program in corrosion 
        control, mitigation, and prevention that is either--
                  (A) offered or accredited by an organization that 
                sets industry corrosion standards; or
                  (B) an industrial coatings applicator training 
                program registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (29 
                U.S.C. 50 et seq.; commonly known as the ``National 
                Apprenticeship Act'') that meets the standards of 
                subpart A of part 29 and part 30 of title 29, Code of 
                Federal Regulations.
  (b) Applicable Bridge Projects.--
          (1) Quality control.--A certified contractor shall carry out 
        aspects of an applicable bridge project described in paragraph 
        (2).
          (2) Aspects of applicable bridge projects.--Aspects of an 
        applicable bridge project referred to in paragraph (1) shall 
        include--
                  (A) surface preparation or coating application on 
                steel or rebar of an applicable bridge project;
                  (B) removal of a lead-based or other hazardous 
                coating from steel of an existing applicable bridge 
                project; and
                  (C) shop painting of structural steel or rebar 
                fabricated for installation on an applicable bridge 
                project.
          (3) Corrosion management system.--In carrying out an 
        applicable bridge project, a State department of transportation 
        shall--
                  (A) implement a corrosion management system that 
                utilizes industry-recognized standards and corrosion 
                mitigation and prevention methods to address--
                          (i) surface preparation;
                          (ii) protective coatings;
                          (iii) materials selection;
                          (iv) cathodic protection;
                          (v) corrosion engineering;
                          (vi) personnel training; and
                          (vii) best practices in environmental 
                        protection to prevent environmental degradation 
                        and uphold public health.
                  (B) require certified contractors, for the purpose of 
                carrying out aspects of applicable bridge projects 
                described in paragraph (2), to employ a substantial 
                number of individuals that are trained and certified by 
                a qualified training program as meeting the ANSI/NACE 
                Number 13/SSPC-ACS-1 standard or future versions of 
                this standard.
          (4) Certification.--The applicable State department of 
        transportation shall only accept bids for projects that include 
        aspects of applicable bridge projects described in paragraph 
        (2) from a certified contractor that presents written proof 
        that the certification of such contractor meets the standards 
        of SSPC QP1, QP2, and QP3 or future versions of these 
        standards.
  (c) Training Program.--As a condition of entering into a contract for 
an applicable bridge project, each certified contractor shall provide 
training, through a qualified training program, for each individual who 
is not a certified coating applicator but that the certified contractor 
employs to carry out aspects of applicable bridge projects as described 
in subsection (b)(2).

SEC. 1117. SENSE OF CONGRESS.

  It is the sense of Congress that--
          (1) States should utilize life-cycle cost analysis to 
        evaluate the total economic cost of a transportation project 
        over its expected lifetime; and
          (2) data indicating that future repair costs associated with 
        a transportation project frequently total more than half of the 
        initial cost of the project, and that conducting life-cycle 
        cost analysis prior to construction will help States identify 
        the most cost-effective option, improve their economic 
        performance, and lower the total cost of building and 
        maintaining the project.

SEC. 1118. ACCOMMODATION OF CERTAIN FACILITIES IN RIGHT-OF-WAY.

  (a) In General.--Notwithstanding chapter 1 of title 23, United States 
Code, electric vehicle charging infrastructure, renewable energy 
generation facilities, electrical transmission and distribution 
infrastructure, and broadband infrastructure and conduit shall be 
treated as a facility covered under part 645 of title 23, Code of 
Federal Regulations (or successor regulations), for purposes of being 
accommodated under section 109(l) of title 23, United States Code.
  (b) State Approval.--A State, on behalf of the Secretary of 
Transportation, may approve the accommodation of the infrastructure and 
facilities described in subsection (a) within any right-of-way on a 
Federal-aid highway pursuant to section 109(l) of title 23, United 
States Code.

SEC. 1119. FEDERAL GRANTS FOR PEDESTRIAN AND BIKE SAFETY IMPROVEMENTS.

  (a) In General.--Notwithstanding any provision of title 23, United 
States Code, or any regulation issued by the Secretary of 
Transportation, section 129(a)(3) of such title shall not apply to a 
covered public authority that receives funding under such title for 
pedestrian and bike safety improvements.
  (b) No Toll.--A covered public authority may not charge a toll, fee, 
or other levy for use of such improvements.
  (c) Effective Date.--A covered public authority shall be eligible for 
the exemption under subsection (a) for 10 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act. Any such exemption granted shall remain in 
effect after the effective date described in this section.
  (d) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Covered public authority.--The term ``covered public 
        authority'' means a public authority with jurisdiction over a 
        toll facility located within both--
                  (A) a National Scenic Area; and
                  (B) the National Trail System.
          (2) National scenic area.--The term ``National Scenic Area'' 
        means an area of the National Forest System federally 
        designated as a National Scenic Area in recognition of the 
        outstanding natural, scenic, and recreational values of the 
        area.
          (3) National trail system.--The term ``National Trail 
        System'' means an area described in section 3 of the National 
        Trails System Act (16 U.S.C. 1242).
          (4) Public authority; toll facility.--The terms ``public 
        authority'' and ``toll facility'' have the meanings such terms 
        would have if such terms were included in chapter 1 of title 
        23, United States Code.

           Subtitle B--Programmatic Infrastructure Investment

SEC. 1201. NATIONAL HIGHWAY PERFORMANCE PROGRAM.

  Section 119 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following:
  ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the national highway performance 
program shall be--
          ``(1) to provide support for the condition and performance of 
        the National Highway System, consistent with the asset 
        management plans of States;
          ``(2) to support progress toward the achievement of 
        performance targets of States established under section 150;
          ``(3) to increase the resilience of Federal-aid highways and 
        bridges; and
          ``(4) to provide support for the construction of new 
        facilities on the National Highway System, consistent with 
        subsection (d)(3).'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``or freight 
                movement on the National Highway System'' and inserting 
                ``freight movement, environmental sustainability, 
                transportation system access, or combating climate 
                change'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)(B) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (C) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (G)--
                                  (I) in clause (i) by inserting 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                  (II) in clause (ii) by striking ``; 
                                and'' and inserting a period; and
                                  (III) by striking clause (iii);
                          (ii) in subparagraph (I) by inserting ``, 
                        including the installation of safety barriers 
                        and nets on bridges on the National Highway 
                        System'' after ``National Highway System''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(Q) Projects on or off the National Highway System 
                to reduce greenhouse gas emissions that are eligible 
                under section 171, including the installation of 
                electric vehicle charging infrastructure.
                  ``(R) Projects on or off the National Highway System 
                to enhance resilience of a transportation facility 
                eligible under section 124, including protective 
                features and natural infrastructure.
                  ``(S) Projects and strategies to reduce vehicle-
                caused wildlife mortality related to, or to restore and 
                maintain connectivity among terrestrial or aquatic 
                habitats affected by, a transportation facility 
                eligible for assistance under this section.
                  ``(T) Projects on or off the National Highway System 
                to improve an evacuation route eligible under section 
                124(b)(1)(C).
                  ``(U) The removal, retrofit, repurposing, 
                remediation, or replacement of a highway on the 
                National Highway System that creates a barrier to 
                community connectivity to improve access for multiple 
                modes of transportation.''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) a project that is otherwise eligible under this 
        subsection to construct new capacity for single occupancy 
        passenger vehicles only if the State--
                  ``(A) has demonstrated progress in achieving a state 
                of good repair, as defined in the State's asset 
                management plan, on the National Highway System;
                  ``(B) demonstrates that the project--
                          ``(i) supports the achievement of performance 
                        targets of the State established under section 
                        150; and
                          ``(ii) is more cost effective, as determined 
                        by benefit-cost analysis, than--
                                  ``(I) an operational improvement to 
                                the facility or corridor;
                                  ``(II) the construction of a public 
                                transportation project eligible for 
                                assistance under chapter 53 of title 
                                49; or
                                  ``(III) the construction of a non-
                                single occupancy passenger vehicle 
                                project that improves freight movement; 
                                and
                  ``(C) has a public plan for maintaining and operating 
                the new asset while continuing its progress in 
                achieving a state of good repair under subparagraph 
                (A).'';
          (3) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in the heading by inserting ``Asset and'' after 
                ``State'';
                  (B) in paragraph (4)(D) by striking ``analysis'' and 
                inserting ``analyses, both of which shall take into 
                consideration climate change adaptation and 
                resilience;''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (8) by striking ``Not later than 18 
                months after the date of enactment of the MAP-21, the 
                Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(k) Benefit-Cost Analysis.--In carrying out subsection 
(d)(3)(B)(ii), the Secretary shall establish a process for analyzing 
the cost and benefits of projects under such subsection, ensuring 
that--
          ``(1) the benefit-cost analysis includes a calculation of all 
        the benefits addressed in the performance measures established 
        under section 150;
          ``(2) the benefit-cost analysis includes a consideration of 
        the total maintenance cost of an asset over the lifecycle of 
        the asset; and
          ``(3) the State demonstrates that any transportation demand 
        modeling used to calculate the benefit-cost analysis has a 
        documented record of accuracy.''.

SEC. 1202. INCREASING THE RESILIENCE OF TRANSPORTATION ASSETS.

  (a) Predisaster Mitigation Program.--
          (1) In general.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, 
        is amended by inserting after section 123 the following:

``Sec. 124. Predisaster mitigation program

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish and implement a 
predisaster mitigation program to enhance the resilience of the 
transportation system of the United States, mitigate the impacts of 
covered events, and ensure the efficient use of Federal resources.
  ``(b) Eligible Activities.--
          ``(1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), funds 
        apportioned to the State under section 104(b)(8) may be 
        obligated for--
                  ``(A) construction activities, including construction 
                of natural infrastructure or protective features--
                          ``(i) to increase the resilience of a surface 
                        transportation infrastructure asset to 
                        withstand a covered event;
                          ``(ii) to relocate or provide a reasonable 
                        alternative to a repeatedly damaged facility; 
                        and
                          ``(iii) for an evacuation route identified in 
                        the vulnerability assessment required under 
                        section 134(i)(2)(I)(iii) or section 
                        135(f)(10)(C) to--
                                  ``(I) improve the capacity or 
                                operation of such evacuation route 
                                through communications and intelligent 
                                transportation system equipment and 
                                infrastructure, counterflow measures, 
                                and shoulders; and
                                  ``(II) relocate such evacuation route 
                                or provide a reasonable alternative to 
                                such evacuation route to address the 
                                risk of a covered event;
                  ``(B) resilience planning activities, including 
                activities described in sections 134(i)(2)(I) and 
                135(f)(10) of this title and sections 5303(i)(2)(I) and 
                5304(f)(10) of title 49; and
                  ``(C) the development of projects and programs that 
                help States, territories, and regions recover from 
                covered events that significantly disrupt the 
                transportation system, including--
                          ``(i) predisaster training programs that help 
                        agencies and regional stakeholders plan for and 
                        prepare multimodal recovery efforts; and
                          ``(ii) the establishment of region-wide 
                        telework training and programs.
          ``(2) Infrastructure resilience and adaptation.--No funds 
        shall be obligated to a project under this section unless the 
        project meets each of the following criteria:
                  ``(A) The project is designed to ensure resilience 
                over the anticipated service life of the surface 
                transportation infrastructure asset.
                  ``(B) The project is identified in the metropolitan 
                or statewide transportation improvement program as a 
                project to address resilience vulnerabilities, 
                consistent with section 134(j)(3)(E) or 
                135(g)(5)(B)(iii).
          ``(3) Prioritization of projects.--A State shall develop a 
        process to prioritize projects under this section based on the 
        degree to which the proposed project would--
                  ``(A) be cost effective in the long-term;
                  ``(B) reduce the risk of disruption to a surface 
                transportation infrastructure asset considered critical 
                to support population centers, freight movement, 
                economic activity, evacuation, recovery, national 
                security functions, or critical infrastructure; and
                  ``(C) ease disruptions to vulnerable, at-risk, or 
                transit-dependant populations.
  ``(c) Guidance.--The Secretary shall provide guidance to States to 
assist with the implementation of paragraphs (2) and (3) of subsection 
(b).
  ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Covered event.--The term `covered event' means a 
        climate change effect (including sea level rise), flooding, and 
        an extreme event or other natural disaster (including 
        wildfires, seismic activity, and landslides).
          ``(2) Surface transportation infrastructure asset.--The term 
        `surface transportation infrastructure asset' means a facility 
        eligible for assistance under this title or chapter 53 of title 
        49.''.
          (2) Conforming amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended by inserting after the 
        item relating to section 123 the following:

``124. Predisaster mitigation program.''.

  (b) Projects in Flood-Prone Areas.--Section 109 of title 23, United 
States Code, is further amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(t) Projects in Flood-Prone Areas.--For projects and actions that, 
in whole or in part, encroach within the limits of a flood-prone area, 
the Secretary shall ensure that such projects and actions are--
          ``(1) designed and constructed in a way that takes into 
        account, and mitigates where appropriate, flood risk by using 
        hydrologic, hydraulic, and hydrodynamic data, methods, and 
        analysis that integrate current and projected changes in 
        flooding based on climate science over the anticipated service 
        life of the asset and future forecasted land use changes; and
          ``(2) designed using analysis that considers the capital 
        costs, risks, and other economic, engineering, social and 
        environmental concerns of constructing a project in a flood-
        prone area.''.
  (c) Metropolitan Transportation Planning.--
          (1) Amendments to title 23.--
                  (A) Climate change and resilience.--Section 134(i)(2) 
                of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding 
                at the end the following:
                  ``(I) Climate change and resilience.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The transportation 
                        planning process shall assess strategies to 
                        reduce the climate change impacts of the 
                        surface transportation system and conduct a 
                        vulnerability assessment to identify 
                        opportunities to enhance the resilience of the 
                        surface transportation system and ensure the 
                        efficient use of Federal resources.
                          ``(ii) Climate change mitigation and 
                        impacts.--A long-range transportation plan 
                        shall--
                                  ``(I) identify investments and 
                                strategies to reduce transportation-
                                related sources of greenhouse gas 
                                emissions per capita;
                                  ``(II) identify investments and 
                                strategies to manage transportation 
                                demand and increase the rates of public 
                                transportation ridership, walking, 
                                bicycling, and carpools; and
                                  ``(III) recommend zoning and other 
                                land use policies that would support 
                                infill, transit-oriented development, 
                                and mixed use development.
                          ``(iii) Vulnerability assessment.--A long-
                        range transportation plan shall incorporate a 
                        vulnerability assessment that--
                                  ``(I) includes a risk-based 
                                assessment of vulnerabilities of 
                                critical transportation assets and 
                                systems to covered events (as such term 
                                is defined in section 124);
                                  ``(II) considers, as applicable, the 
                                risk management analysis in the State's 
                                asset management plan developed 
                                pursuant to section 119, and the 
                                State's evaluation of reasonable 
                                alternatives to repeatedly damaged 
                                facilities conducted under part 667 of 
                                title 23, Code of Federal Regulations;
                                  ``(III) at the discretion of the 
                                metropolitan planning organization, 
                                identifies evacuation routes, assesses 
                                the ability of any such routes to 
                                provide safe passage for evacuation, 
                                access to health care and public health 
                                facilities, and emergency response 
                                during an emergency event, and 
                                identifies any improvements or 
                                redundant facilities necessary to 
                                adequately facilitate safe passage;
                                  ``(IV) describes the metropolitan 
                                planning organization's adaptation and 
                                resilience improvement strategies that 
                                will inform the transportation 
                                investment decisions of the 
                                metropolitan planning organization; and
                                  ``(V) is consistent with and 
                                complementary of the State, Tribal, and 
                                local mitigation plans required under 
                                section 322 of the Robert T. Stafford 
                                Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5165).
                          ``(iv) Consultation.--The assessment 
                        described in this subparagraph shall be 
                        developed in consultation with, as appropriate, 
                        State, local, and Tribal officials responsible 
                        for land use, housing, resilience, hazard 
                        mitigation, and emergency management.''.
                  (B) Resilience projects.--Section 134(j)(3) of title 
                23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
                the following:
                  ``(E) Resilience projects.--The TIP shall--
                          ``(i) identify any projects that address the 
                        vulnerabilities identified by the assessment in 
                        subsection (i)(2)(I)(iii); and
                          ``(ii) describe how each project identified 
                        under clause (i) would improve the resilience 
                        of the transportation system.''.
          (2) Amendments to title 49.--
                  (A) Climate change and resilience.--Section 
                5303(i)(2) of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
                by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(I) Climate change and resilience.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The transportation 
                        planning process shall assess strategies to 
                        reduce the climate change impacts of the 
                        surface transportation system and conduct a 
                        vulnerability assessment to identify 
                        opportunities to enhance the resilience of the 
                        surface transportation system and ensure the 
                        efficient use of Federal resources.
                          ``(ii) Climate change mitigation and 
                        impacts.--A long-range transportation plan 
                        shall--
                                  ``(I) identify investments and 
                                strategies to reduce transportation-
                                related sources of greenhouse gas 
                                emissions per capita;
                                  ``(II) identify investments and 
                                strategies to manage transportation 
                                demand and increase the rates of public 
                                transportation ridership, walking, 
                                bicycling, and carpools; and
                                  ``(III) recommend zoning and other 
                                land use policies that would support 
                                infill, transit-oriented development, 
                                and mixed use development.
                          ``(iii) Vulnerability assessment.--A long-
                        range transportation plan shall incorporate a 
                        vulnerability assessment that--
                                  ``(I) includes a risk-based 
                                assessment of vulnerabilities of 
                                critical transportation assets and 
                                systems to covered events (as such term 
                                is defined in section 124 of title 23);
                                  ``(II) considers, as applicable, the 
                                risk management analysis in the State's 
                                asset management plan developed 
                                pursuant to section 119 of title 23, 
                                and the State's evaluation of 
                                reasonable alternatives to repeatedly 
                                damaged facilities conducted under part 
                                667 of title 23, Code of Federal 
                                Regulations;
                                  ``(III) at the discretion of the 
                                metropolitan planning organization, 
                                identifies evacuation routes, assesses 
                                the ability of any such routes to 
                                provide safe passage for evacuation, 
                                access to health care and public health 
                                facilities, and emergency response 
                                during an emergency event, and 
                                identifies any improvements or 
                                redundant facilities necessary to 
                                adequately facilitate safe passage;
                                  ``(IV) describes the metropolitan 
                                planning organization's adaptation and 
                                resilience improvement strategies that 
                                will inform the transportation 
                                investment decisions of the 
                                metropolitan planning organization; and
                                  ``(V) is consistent with and 
                                complementary of the State, Tribal, and 
                                local mitigation plans required under 
                                section 322 of the Robert T. Stafford 
                                Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                                Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5165).
                          ``(iv) Consultation.--The assessment 
                        described in this subparagraph shall be 
                        developed in consultation, as appropriate, with 
                        State, local, and Tribal officials responsible 
                        for land use, housing, resilience, hazard 
                        mitigation, and emergency management.''.
                  (B) Resilience projects.--Section 5303(j)(3) of title 
                49, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end 
                the following:
                  ``(E) Resilience projects.--The TIP shall--
                          ``(i) identify any projects that address the 
                        vulnerabilities identified by the assessment in 
                        subsection (i)(2)(I)(iii); and
                          ``(ii) describe how each project identified 
                        under clause (i) would improve the resilience 
                        of the transportation system.''.
  (d) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Planning.--
          (1) Amendments to title 23.--
                  (A) Climate change and resilience.--Section 135(f) of 
                title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
                the end the following:
          ``(10) Climate change and resilience.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The transportation planning 
                process shall assess strategies to reduce the climate 
                change impacts of the surface transportation system and 
                conduct a vulnerability assessment to identify 
                opportunities to enhance the resilience of the surface 
                transportation system and ensure the efficient use of 
                Federal resources.
                  ``(B) Climate change mitigation and impacts.--A long-
                range transportation plan shall--
                          ``(i) identify investments and strategies to 
                        reduce transportation-related sources of 
                        greenhouse gas emissions per capita;
                          ``(ii) identify investments and strategies to 
                        manage transportation demand and increase the 
                        rates of public transportation ridership, 
                        walking, bicycling, and carpools; and
                          ``(iii) recommend zoning and other land use 
                        policies that would support infill, transit-
                        oriented development, and mixed use 
                        development.
                  ``(C) Vulnerability assessment.--A long-range 
                transportation plan shall incorporate a vulnerability 
                assessment that--
                          ``(i) includes a risk-based assessment of 
                        vulnerabilities of critical transportation 
                        assets and systems to covered events (as such 
                        term is defined in section 124);
                          ``(ii) considers, as applicable, the risk 
                        management analysis in the State's asset 
                        management plan developed pursuant to section 
                        119, and the State's evaluation of reasonable 
                        alternatives to repeatedly damaged facilities 
                        conducted under part 667 of title 23, Code of 
                        Federal Regulations;
                          ``(iii) identifies evacuation routes, 
                        assesses the ability of any such routes to 
                        provide safe passage for evacuation, access to 
                        health care and public health facilities, and 
                        emergency response during an emergency event, 
                        and identifies any improvements or redundant 
                        facilities necessary to adequately facilitate 
                        safe passage;
                          ``(iv) describes the States's adaptation and 
                        resilience improvement strategies that will 
                        inform the transportation investment decisions 
                        of the State; and
                          ``(v) is consistent with and complementary of 
                        the State, Tribal, and local mitigation plans 
                        required under section 322 of the Robert T. 
                        Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                        Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5165).
                  ``(D) Consultation.--The assessment described in this 
                paragraph shall be developed in consultation with, as 
                appropriate, metropolitan planning organizations and 
                State, local, and Tribal officials responsible for land 
                use, housing, resilience, hazard mitigation, and 
                emergency management.''.
                  (B) Resilience projects.--Section 135(g)(5)(B) of 
                title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
                the end the following:
                          ``(iii) Resilience projects.--The STIP 
                        shall--
                                  ``(I) identify projects that address 
                                the vulnerabilities identified by the 
                                assessment in subsection (i)(10)(B); 
                                and
                                  ``(II) describe how each project 
                                identified under subclause (I) would 
                                improve the resilience of the 
                                transportation system.''.
          (2) Amendments to title 49.--
                  (A) Climate change and resilience.--Section 5304(f) 
                of title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding 
                at the end the following:
          ``(10) Climate change and resilience.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The transportation planning 
                process shall assess strategies to reduce the climate 
                change impacts of the surface transportation system and 
                conduct a vulnerability assessment to identify 
                opportunities to enhance the resilience of the surface 
                transportation system and ensure the efficient use of 
                Federal resources.
                  ``(B) Climate change mitigation and impacts.--A long-
                range transportation plan shall--
                          ``(i) identify investments and strategies to 
                        reduce transportation-related sources of 
                        greenhouse gas emissions per capita;
                          ``(ii) identify investments and strategies to 
                        manage transportation demand and increase the 
                        rates of public transportation ridership, 
                        walking, bicycling, and carpools; and
                          ``(iii) recommend zoning and other land use 
                        policies that would support infill, transit-
                        oriented development, and mixed use 
                        development.
                  ``(C) Vulnerability assessment.--A long-range 
                transportation plan shall incorporate a vulnerability 
                assessment that--
                          ``(i) includes a risk-based assessment of 
                        vulnerabilities of critical transportation 
                        assets and systems to covered events (as such 
                        term is defined in section 124 of title 23);
                          ``(ii) considers, as applicable, the risk 
                        management analysis in the State's asset 
                        management plan developed pursuant to section 
                        119 of title 23, and the State's evaluation of 
                        reasonable alternatives to repeatedly damaged 
                        facilities conducted under part 667 of title 
                        23, Code of Federal Regulations;
                          ``(iii) identifies evacuation routes, 
                        assesses the ability of any such routes to 
                        provide safe passage for evacuation, access to 
                        health care and public health facilities, and 
                        emergency response during an emergency event, 
                        and identifies any improvements or redundant 
                        facilities necessary to adequately facilitate 
                        safe passage;
                          ``(iv) describes the State's adaptation and 
                        resilience improvement strategies that will 
                        inform the transportation investment decisions 
                        of the State; and
                          ``(v) is consistent with and complementary of 
                        the State, Tribal, and local mitigation plans 
                        required under section 322 of the Robert T. 
                        Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency 
                        Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5165).
                  ``(D) Consultation.--The assessment described in this 
                paragraph shall be developed in consultation with, as 
                appropriate, metropolitan planning organizations and 
                State, local, and Tribal officials responsible for land 
                use, housing, resilience, hazard mitigation, and 
                emergency management.''.
                  (B) Resilience projects.--Section 5304(g)(5)(B) of 
                title 49, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
                the end the following:
                          ``(iii) Resilience projects.--The STIP 
                        shall--
                                  ``(I) identify projects that address 
                                the vulnerabilities identified by the 
                                assessment in subsection (i)(10)(B); 
                                and
                                  ``(II) describe how each project 
                                identified under subclause (I) would 
                                improve the resilience of the 
                                transportation system.''.

SEC. 1203. EMERGENCY RELIEF.

  (a) In General.--Section 125 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1) by inserting ``wildfire,'' after 
        ``severe storm,'';
          (2) by striking subsection (b);
          (3) in subsection (c)(2)(A) by striking ``in any 1 fiscal 
        year commencing after September 30, 1980,'' and inserting ``in 
        any fiscal year'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(C) by striking ``(as defined in 
                subsection (e)(1))'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as paragraph (4); 
                and
                  (C) by striking paragraphs (1) and (2) and inserting 
                the following:
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may expend funds from the 
        emergency fund authorized by this section only for the repair 
        or reconstruction of highways on Federal-aid highways in 
        accordance with this chapter.
          ``(2) Restrictions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--No funds shall be expended from 
                the emergency fund authorized by this section unless--
                          ``(i) an emergency has been declared by the 
                        Governor of the State with concurrence by the 
                        Secretary, unless the President has declared 
                        the emergency to be a major disaster for the 
                        purposes of the Robert T. Stafford Disaster 
                        Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 
                        5121 et seq.) for which concurrence of the 
                        Secretary is not required; and
                          ``(ii) the Secretary has received an 
                        application from the State transportation 
                        department that includes a comprehensive list 
                        of all eligible project sites and repair costs 
                        by not later than 2 years after the natural 
                        disaster or catastrophic failure.
                  ``(B) Cost limitation.--The total cost of a project 
                funded under this section may not exceed the cost of 
                repair or reconstruction of a comparable facility 
                unless the Secretary determines that the project 
                incorporates economically justified betterments, 
                including protective features to increase the 
                resilience of the facility.
                  ``(C) Repeatedly damaged facilities.--An application 
                submitted under this section for the permanent repair 
                or reconstruction of a repeatedly damaged facility 
                shall include consideration and, if feasible, 
                incorporation of economically justifiable betterments, 
                including protective features, to increase the 
                resilience of such facility.
          ``(3) Special rule for bridge projects.--In no case shall 
        funds be used under this section for the repair or 
        reconstruction of a bridge--
                  ``(A) that has been permanently closed to all 
                vehicular traffic by the State or responsible local 
                official because of imminent danger of collapse due to 
                a structural deficiency or physical deterioration; or
                  ``(B) if a construction phase of a replacement 
                structure is included in the approved statewide 
                transportation improvement program at the time of an 
                event described in subsection (a).'';
          (5) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking paragraph (1);
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``subsection 
                (d)(1)'' and inserting ``subsection (c)(1)''; and
                  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (2) and (3), as 
                amended, as paragraphs (1) and (2), respectively;
          (6) by redesignating subsections (c) through (g), as amended, 
        as subsections (b) through (f), respectively; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(g) Imposition of Deadline.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Secretary may not require any project funded under 
        this section to advance to the construction obligation stage 
        before the date that is the last day of the sixth fiscal year 
        after the later of--
                  ``(A) the date on which the Governor declared the 
                emergency, as described in subsection (c)(2)(A)(i); or
                  ``(B) the date on which the President declared the 
                emergency to be a major disaster, as described in such 
                subsection.
          ``(2) Extension of deadline.--If the Secretary imposes a 
        deadline for advancement to the construction obligation stage 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), the Secretary may, upon the request 
        of the Governor of the State, issue an extension of not more 
        than 1 year to complete such advancement, and may issue 
        additional extensions after the expiration of any extension, if 
        the Secretary determines the Governor of the State has provided 
        suitable justification to warrant such an extension.
  ``(h) Hazard Mitigation Pilot Program.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish a hazard 
        mitigation pilot program for the purpose of mitigating future 
        hazards posed to Federal-aid highways, Federal lands 
        transportation facilities, and Tribal transportation 
        facilities.
          ``(2) Allocation of funds.--
                  ``(A) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
                authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be 
                necessary for the pilot program established under this 
                subsection.
                  ``(B) Calculation.--Annually, the Secretary shall 
                calculate the total amount of outstanding eligible 
                repair costs under the emergency relief program under 
                this section, including the emergency relief backlog, 
                for each State, territory, and Indian Tribe.
                  ``(C) Allocation.--Any amounts made available under 
                this subsection shall be distributed to each State, 
                territory, or Indian Tribe based on--
                          ``(i) the ratio that the total amount of 
                        outstanding eligible repair costs for such 
                        State, territory, or Indian Tribe, as described 
                        under subparagraph (B); bears to
                          ``(ii) the total amount of outstanding 
                        eligible repair costs for all States, 
                        territories, and Indian Tribes, as described 
                        under subparagraph (B).
                  ``(D) Limitation.--The allocation to a State, 
                territory, or Indian Tribe described under subparagraph 
                (C) shall not exceed 5 percent of the total amount of 
                outstanding eligible repair costs under the emergency 
                relief program for such State, territory, or Indian 
                Tribe, as described in subparagraph (B).
          ``(3) Eligible activities.--Amounts made available under this 
        subsection shall be used for protective features or other 
        hazard mitigation activities that--
                  ``(A) the Secretary determines are cost effective and 
                that reduce the risk of, or increase the resilience to, 
                future damage to existing assets as a result of natural 
                disasters; and
                  ``(B) are eligible under section 124.
          ``(4) Report.--For each fiscal year in which funding is made 
        available for the program under this subsection, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        report detailing--
                  ``(A) a description of the activities carried out 
                under the pilot program;
                  ``(B) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the pilot 
                program in meeting purposes described in paragraph (1); 
                and
                  ``(C) policy recommendations to improve the 
                effectiveness of the pilot program.
          ``(5) Sunset.--The authority provided under this subsection 
        shall terminate on October 1, 2025.
  ``(i) Improving the Emergency Relief Program.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of the INVEST in America Act, the Secretary 
shall--
          ``(1) revise the emergency relief manual of the Federal 
        Highway Administration--
                  ``(A) to include and reflect the definition of the 
                term `resilience' (as defined in section 101(a));
                  ``(B) to identify procedures that States may use to 
                incorporate resilience into emergency relief projects; 
                and
                  ``(C) to consider economically justified betterments 
                in emergency relief projects, such as--
                          ``(i) protective features that increase the 
                        resilience of the facility; and
                          ``(ii) incorporation of context sensitive 
                        design principles and other planned betterments 
                        that improve the safety of the facility;
          ``(2) consider transportation system access for moderate and 
        low-income families impacted by a major disaster or emergency 
        declared by the President under section 401 of the Robert T. 
        Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 
        U.S.C. 5170);
          ``(3) develop best practices for improving the use of 
        resilience in--
                  ``(A) the emergency relief program under this 
                section; and
                  ``(B) emergency relief efforts;
          ``(4) provide to division offices of the Federal Highway 
        Administration and State departments of transportation 
        information on the best practices developed under paragraph 
        (2); and
          ``(5) develop and implement a process to track--
                  ``(A) the consideration of resilience as part of the 
                emergency relief program under this section; and
                  ``(B) the costs of emergency relief projects.
  ``(j) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Comparable facility.--The term `comparable facility' 
        means a facility that meets the current geometric and 
        construction standards required for the types and volume of 
        traffic that the facility will carry over its design life.
          ``(2) Construction phase.--The term `construction phase' 
        means the phase of physical construction of a highway or bridge 
        facility that is separate from any other identified phases, 
        such as planning, design, or right-of-way phases, in the State 
        transportation improvement program.
          ``(3) Open to public travel.--The term `open to public 
        travel' means with respect to a road, that, except during 
        scheduled periods, extreme weather conditions, or emergencies, 
        the road--
                  ``(A) is maintained;
                  ``(B) is open to the general public; and
                  ``(C) can accommodate travel by a standard passenger 
                vehicle, without restrictive gates or prohibitive signs 
                or regulations, other than for general traffic control 
                or restrictions based on size, weight, or class of 
                registration.
          ``(4) Standard passenger vehicle.--The term `standard 
        passenger vehicle' means a vehicle with 6 inches of clearance 
        from the lowest point of the frame, body, suspension, or 
        differential to the ground.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Federal lands and tribal transportation programs.--
        Section 201(c)(8)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``section 125(e)'' and inserting ``section 
        125(j)''.
          (2) Tribal transportation program.--Section 202(b)(6)(A) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended by striking ``section 
        125(e)'' and inserting ``section 125(d)''.
  (c) Repeal.--Section 668.105(h) of title 23, Code of Federal 
Regulations, is repealed.

SEC. 1204. RAILWAY CROSSINGS.

  (a) In General.--Section 130 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in the section heading by striking ``Railway-highway 
        crossings'' and inserting ``Railway crossings'';
          (2) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``Subject to section 120 and 
                subsection (b) of this section, the entire'' and 
                inserting ``In General.--The'';
                  (B) by striking ``then the entire'' and inserting 
                ``the''; and
                  (C) by striking ``, subject to section 120 and 
                subsection (b) of this section,'';
          (3) by amending subsection (b) to read as follows:
  ``(b) Classification.--
          ``(1) In general.--The construction of projects for the 
        elimination of hazards at railway crossings represents a 
        benefit to the railroad. The Secretary shall classify the 
        various types of projects involved in the elimination of 
        hazards of railway-highway crossings, and shall set for each 
        such classification a percentage of the total project cost that 
        represent the benefit to the railroad or railroads for the 
        purpose of determining the railroad's share of the total 
        project cost. The Secretary shall determine the appropriate 
        classification of each project.
          ``(2) Noncash contributions.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not more than 5 percent of the 
                cost share described in paragraph (1) may be 
                attributable to noncash contributions of materials and 
                labor furnished by the railroad in connection with the 
                construction of such project.
                  ``(B) Requirement.--The requirements under section 
                200.306 and 200.403(g) of title 2, Code of Federal 
                Regulations (or successor regulations), shall apply to 
                any noncash contributions under this subsection.
          ``(3) Total project cost.--For the purposes of this 
        subsection, the determination of the railroad's share of the 
        total project cost shall include environment, design, right-of-
        way, utility accommodation, and construction phases of the 
        project.'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``Any railroad involved'' and 
                inserting ``Benefit.--Any railroad involved'';
                  (B) by striking ``the net benefit'' and inserting 
                ``the cost associated with the benefit''; and
                  (C) by striking ``Such payment may consist in whole 
                or in part of materials and labor furnished by the 
                railroad in connection with the construction of such 
                project.'';
          (5) by striking subsection (e) and inserting the following:
  ``(e) Railway Crossings.--
          ``(1) Eligible activities.--Funds apportioned to a State 
        under section 104(b)(7) may be obligated for the following:
                  ``(A) The elimination of hazards at railway-highway 
                crossings, including technology or protective upgrades.
                  ``(B) Construction or installation of protective 
                devices (including replacement of functionally obsolete 
                protective devices) at railway-highway crossings.
                  ``(C) Infrastructure and noninfrastructure projects 
                and strategies to prevent or reduce suicide or 
                trespasser fatalities and injuries along railroad 
                rights-of-way and at or near railway-highway crossings.
                  ``(D) Projects to mitigate any degradation in the 
                level of access from a highway-grade crossing closure.
                  ``(E) Bicycle and pedestrian railway grade crossing 
                improvements, including underpasses and overpasses.
                  ``(F) Projects eligible under section 22907(c)(5) of 
                title 49, provided that amounts obligated under this 
                subparagraph--
                          ``(i) shall be administered by the Secretary 
                        in accordance with such section as if such 
                        amounts were made available to carry out such 
                        section; and
                          ``(ii) may be used to pay up to 90 percent of 
                        the non-Federal share of the cost of a project 
                        carried out under such section.
          ``(2) Special rule.--If a State demonstrates to the 
        satisfaction of the Secretary that the State has met all its 
        needs for installation of protective devices at railway-highway 
        crossings, the State may use funds made available by this 
        section for other highway safety improvement program 
        purposes.'';
          (6) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
  ``(f) Federal Share.--Notwithstanding section 120, the Federal share 
payable on account of any project financed with funds made available to 
carry out subsection (e) shall be up to 90 percent of the cost 
thereof.'';
          (7) by striking subsection (g) and inserting the following:
  ``(g) Report.--
          ``(1) State report.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
                date of enactment of the INVEST in America Act, and at 
                least biennially thereafter, each State shall submit to 
                the Secretary a report on the progress being made to 
                implement the railway crossings program authorized by 
                this section and the effectiveness of projects to 
                improve railway crossing safety.
                  ``(B) Contents.--Each State report under subparagraph 
                (A) shall contain an assessment of the costs of the 
                various treatments employed and subsequent accident 
                experience at improved locations.
          ``(2) Departmental report.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
                deadline for the submission of a report under paragraph 
                (1)(A), the Secretary shall publish on the website of 
                the Department of Transportation a report on the 
                progress being made by the State in implementing 
                projects to improve railway crossings.
                  ``(B) Contents.--The report under subparagraph (A) 
                shall include--
                          ``(i) the number of projects undertaken;
                          ``(ii) distribution of such projects by cost 
                        range, road system, nature of treatment, and 
                        subsequent accident experience at improved 
                        locations;
                          ``(iii) an analysis and evaluation of each 
                        State program;
                          ``(iv) the identification of any State found 
                        not to be in compliance with the schedule of 
                        improvements required by subsection (d); and
                          ``(v) recommendations for future 
                        implementation of the railway crossings 
                        program.'';
          (8) in subsection (j)--
                  (A) in the heading by inserting ``and Pedestrian'' 
                after ``Bicycle''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``and pedestrian'' after 
                ``bicycle''; and
          (9) in subsection (l)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``Not later than'' 
                and all that follows through ``each State'' and 
                inserting ``Not later than 6 months after a new railway 
                crossing becomes operational, each State''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``On a periodic'' 
                and all that follows through ``every year thereafter'' 
                and inserting ``On or before September 30 of each 
                year''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by amending the item relating to section 
130 to read as follows:

``130. Railway crossings.''.

  (c) GAO Study.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
Congress a report that includes an analysis of the effectiveness of the 
railway crossing program under section 130 of title 23, United States 
Code.
  (d) Sense of Congress Relating to Trespasser Deaths Along Railroad 
Rights-of-Way.--It is the sense of Congress that the Department of 
Transportation should, where feasible, coordinate departmental efforts 
to prevent or reduce trespasser deaths along railroad rights-of-way and 
at or near railway-highway crossings.

SEC. 1205. SURFACE TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Section 133 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in the heading by striking ``block grant'';
          (2) in subsection (a) by striking ``block grant'';
          (3) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by striking ``block grant'';
                  (B) in paragraph (1)(B) by inserting ``, except that 
                for the purposes of this section hovercraft and 
                terminal facilities for hovercraft engaging in water 
                transit for passengers or vehicles shall be considered 
                ferry boats and ferry terminal facilities eligible 
                under section 129(c)'' after ``section 129(c)'';
                  (C) in paragraph (4) by striking ``railway-highway 
                grade crossings'' and inserting ``projects eligible 
                under section 130 and installation of safety barriers 
                and nets on bridges'';
                  (D) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) by striking ``Recreational'' and 
                        inserting ``Transportation alternatives 
                        projects eligible under subsection (h), 
                        recreational''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``1404 of SAFETEA-LU (23 
                        U.S.C. 402 note)'' and inserting ``211'';
                  (E) in paragraph (12) by striking ``travel'' and 
                inserting ``transportation''; and
                  (F) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(16) Protective features (including natural infrastructure 
        and vegetation control and clearance) to enhance the resilience 
        of a transportation facility otherwise eligible for assistance 
        under this section.
          ``(17) Projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions eligible 
        under section 171, including the installation of electric 
        vehicle charging infrastructure.
          ``(18) Projects and strategies to reduce vehicle-caused 
        wildlife mortality related to, or to restore and maintain 
        connectivity among terrestrial or aquatic habitats affected by, 
        a transportation facility otherwise eligible for assistance 
        under this section.
          ``(19) A surface transportation project carried out in 
        accordance with the national travel and tourism infrastructure 
        strategic plan under section 1431(e) of the FAST Act (49 U.S.C. 
        301 note).
          ``(20) roads in rural areas that primarily serve to transport 
        agricultural products from a farm or ranch to a marketplace.
          ``(21) The removal, retrofit, repurposing, remediation, or 
        replacement of a highway or other transportation facility that 
        creates a barrier to community connectivity to improve access 
        for multiple modes of transportation.'';
          (4) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) by striking ``block grant'' and inserting 
                ``program'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(3) for a project described in--
                  ``(A) subsection (h); or
                  ``(B) section 101(a)(29), as in effect on the day 
                before the date of enactment of the FAST Act;'';
                  (C) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph (5); 
                and
                  (D) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following:
          ``(4) for a project described in section 5308 of title 49; 
        and'';
          (5) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by inserting ``each fiscal year'' after 
                        ``apportioned to a State'';
                          (ii) by striking ``the reservation of'' and 
                        inserting ``setting aside''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking ``the percentage 
                                specified in paragraph (6) for a fiscal 
                                year'' and inserting ``57 percent for 
                                fiscal year 2023, 58 percent for fiscal 
                                year 2024, 59 percent for fiscal year 
                                2025, and 60 percent for fiscal year 
                                2026'';
                                  (II) in clause (i) by striking ``of 
                                over'' and inserting ``greater than''; 
                                and
                                  (III) by striking clauses (ii) and 
                                (iii) and inserting the following:
                          ``(ii) in urbanized areas of the State with 
                        an urbanized area population greater than 
                        49,999 and less than 200,001;
                          ``(iii) in urban areas of the State with a 
                        population greater than 4,999 and less than 
                        50,000; and
                          ``(iv) in other areas of the State with a 
                        population less than 5,000; and'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (3) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(3) Local coordination and consultation.--
                  ``(A) Coordination with metropolitan planning 
                organizations.--For purposes of paragraph (1)(A)(ii), a 
                State shall--
                          ``(i) establish a process to coordinate with 
                        all metropolitan planning organizations in the 
                        State that represent an urbanized area 
                        described in such paragraph; and
                          ``(ii) describe how funds described under 
                        paragraph (1)(A)(ii) will be allocated 
                        equitably among such urbanized areas during the 
                        period of fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
                  ``(B) Joint responsibility.--Each State and the 
                Secretary shall jointly ensure compliance with 
                subparagraph (A).
                  ``(C) Consultation with regional transportation 
                planning organizations.--For purposes of clauses (iii) 
                and (iv) of paragraph (1)(A), before obligating funding 
                attributed to an area with a population less than 
                50,000, a State shall consult with the regional 
                transportation planning organizations that represent 
                the area, if any.'';
                  (C) in the heading for paragraph (4) by striking 
                ``over 200,000'' and inserting ``greater than 
                200,000'';
                  (D) by striking paragraph (6) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(6) Technical assistance.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The State and all metropolitan 
                planning organizations in the State that represent an 
                urbanized area with a population of greater than 
                200,000 may jointly establish a program to improve the 
                ability of applicants to deliver projects under this 
                subsection in an efficient and expeditious manner and 
                reduce the period of time between the selection of the 
                project and the obligation of funds for the project by 
                providing--
                          ``(i) technical assistance and training to 
                        applicants for projects under this subsection; 
                        and
                          ``(ii) funding for one or more full-time 
                        State, regional, or local government employee 
                        positions to administer this subsection.
                  ``(B) Eligible funds.--To carry out this paragraph, a 
                State or metropolitan planning organization may use 
                funds made available under paragraphs (2) or (6) of 
                section 104(b)
                  ``(C) Use of funds.--Amounts used under this 
                paragraph may be expended--
                          ``(i) directly by the State or metropolitan 
                        planning organization; or
                          ``(ii) through contracts with State agencies, 
                        private entities, or nonprofit 
                        organizations.'';
          (6) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``over 200,000'' and 
                        inserting ``greater than 200,000''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``2016 through 2020'' and 
                        inserting ``2023 through 2026''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Annual amounts.--To the extent practicable, each State 
        shall annually notify each affected metropolitan planning 
        organization as to the amount of obligation authority that will 
        be made available under paragraph (1) to each affected 
        metropolitan planning organization for the fiscal year.'';
          (7) by striking subsection (f) and inserting the following:
  ``(f) Bridges Not on Federal-Aid Highways.--
          ``(1) Definition of off-system bridge.--In this subsection, 
        the term `off-system bridge' means a bridge located on a public 
        road, other than a bridge on a Federal-aid highway.
          ``(2) Special rule.--
                  ``(A) Set aside.--Of the amounts apportioned to a 
                State for each fiscal year under this section other 
                than the amounts described in subparagraph (C), the 
                State shall obligate for activities described in 
                subsection (b)(2) (as in effect on the day before the 
                date of enactment of the FAST Act) for off-system 
                bridges an amount that is not less than 20 percent of 
                the amounts available to such State under this section 
                in fiscal year 2020, not including the amounts 
                described in subparagraph (C).
                  ``(B) Reduction of expenditures.--The Secretary, 
                after consultation with State and local officials, may 
                reduce the requirement for expenditures for off-system 
                bridges under subparagraph (A) with respect to the 
                State if the Secretary determines that the State has 
                inadequate needs to justify the expenditure.
                  ``(C) Limitations.--The following amounts shall not 
                be used for the purposes of meeting the requirements of 
                subparagraph (A):
                          ``(i) Amounts described in section 
                        133(d)(1)(A).
                          ``(ii) Amounts set aside under section 
                        133(h).
                          ``(iii) Amounts described in section 505(a).
          ``(3) Credit for bridges not on federal-aid highways.--
        Notwithstanding any other provision of law, with respect to any 
        project not on a Federal-aid highway for the replacement of a 
        bridge or rehabilitation of a bridge that is wholly funded from 
        State and local sources, is eligible for Federal funds under 
        this section, is certified by the State to have been carried 
        out in accordance with all standards applicable to such 
        projects under this section, and is determined by the Secretary 
        upon completion to be no longer a deficient bridge--
                  ``(A) any amount expended after the date of enactment 
                of this subsection from State and local sources for the 
                project in excess of 20 percent of the cost of 
                construction of the project may be credited to the non-
                Federal share of the cost of other bridge projects in 
                the State that are eligible for Federal funds under 
                this section; and
                  ``(B) that crediting shall be conducted in accordance 
                with procedures established by the Secretary.''; and
          (8) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in the heading by striking ``5,000'' and 
                inserting ``50,000''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (1) by striking ``subsection 
                (d)(1)(A)(ii)'' and all that follows through the period 
                at the end and inserting ``clauses (iii) and (iv) of 
                subsection (d)(1)(A) for each fiscal year may be 
                obligated on roads functionally classified as rural 
                minor collectors or local roads or on critical rural 
                freight corridors designated under section 167(e).''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
133 and inserting the following:

``133. Surface transportation program.''.

  (c) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Advance acquisition of real property.--Section 108(c) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``block grant''; 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``block grant''.
          (2) Public transportation.--Section 142(e)(2) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``block grant''.
          (3) Highway use tax evasion projects.--Section 143(b)(8) of 
        title 23, United States Code, is amended in the heading by 
        striking ``block grant''.
          (4) Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement 
        program.--Section 149(d) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(B) by striking ``block grant''; 
                and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(A) by striking ``block grant''.
          (5) Territorial and puerto rico highway program.--Section 165 
        of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(2)(A)(ii) by striking ``block 
                grant'' each time such term appears; and
                  (B) in subsection (c)(6)(A)(i) by striking ``block 
                grant''.
          (6) Magnetic levitation transportation technology deployment 
        program.--Section 322(h)(3) of title 23, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``block grant''.
          (7) Training and education.--Section 504(a)(4) of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``block grant''.

SEC. 1206. TRANSPORTATION ALTERNATIVES PROGRAM.

  Section 133(h) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(h) Transportation Alternatives Program Set-Aside.--
          ``(1) Set aside.--For each fiscal year, of the total funds 
        apportioned to all States under section 104(b)(2) for a fiscal 
        year, the Secretary shall set aside an amount such that--
                  ``(A) the Secretary sets aside a total amount under 
                this subsection for a fiscal year equal to 10 percent 
                of such total funds; and
                  ``(B) the State's share of the amount set aside under 
                subparagraph (A) is determined by multiplying the 
                amount set aside under subparagraph (A) by the ratio 
                that--
                          ``(i) the amount apportioned to the State for 
                        the transportation enhancement program for 
                        fiscal year 2009 under section 133(d)(2), as in 
                        effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                        of MAP-21; bears to
                          ``(ii) the total amount of funds apportioned 
                        to all States for the transportation 
                        enhancements program for fiscal year 2009.
          ``(2) Allocation within a state.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as provided in subparagraph 
                (B), funds set aside for a State under paragraph (1) 
                shall be obligated within that State in the manner 
                described in subsections (d) and (e), except that, for 
                purposes of this paragraph (after funds are made 
                available under paragraph (5))--
                          ``(i) for each fiscal year, the percentage 
                        referred to in paragraph (1)(A) of subsection 
                        (d) shall be deemed to be 66 percent; and
                          ``(ii) paragraph (3) of subsection (d) shall 
                        not apply.
                  ``(B) Local control.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A State may make available 
                        up to 100 percent of the funds set aside under 
                        paragraph (1) to the entities described in 
                        subclause (I) if the State submits to the 
                        Secretary, and the Secretary approves, a plan 
                        that describes--
                                  ``(I) how such funds shall be made 
                                available to metropolitan planning 
                                organizations, regional transportation 
                                planning organizations, counties, or 
                                other regional transportation 
                                authorities;
                                  ``(II) how the entities described in 
                                subclause (I) shall select projects for 
                                funding and how such entities shall 
                                report selected projects to the State;
                                  ``(III) the legal, financial, and 
                                technical capacity of such entities; 
                                and
                                  ``(IV) the procedures in place to 
                                ensure such entities comply with the 
                                requirements of this title.
                          ``(ii) Requirement.--A State that makes 
                        funding available under a plan approved under 
                        this subparagraph shall make available an 
                        equivalent amount of obligation authority to an 
                        entity described in clause (i)(I) to whom funds 
                        are made available under this subparagraph.
          ``(3) Eligible projects.--Funds set aside under this 
        subsection may be obligated for any of the following projects 
        or activities:
                  ``(A) Construction, planning, and design of on-road 
                and off-road trail facilities for pedestrians, 
                bicyclists, and other nonmotorized forms of 
                transportation, including sidewalks, bicycle 
                infrastructure, pedestrian and bicycle signals, traffic 
                calming techniques, lighting and other safety-related 
                infrastructure, and transportation projects to achieve 
                compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 
                1990 (42 U.S.C. 12101 et seq.).
                  ``(B) Construction, planning, and design of 
                infrastructure-related projects and systems that will 
                provide safe routes for nondrivers, including children, 
                older adults, and individuals with disabilities to 
                access daily needs.
                  ``(C) Conversion and use of abandoned railroad 
                corridors for trails for pedestrians, bicyclists, or 
                other nonmotorized transportation users.
                  ``(D) Construction of turnouts, overlooks, and 
                viewing areas.
                  ``(E) Community improvement activities, including--
                          ``(i) inventory, control, or removal of 
                        outdoor advertising;
                          ``(ii) historic preservation and 
                        rehabilitation of historic transportation 
                        facilities;
                          ``(iii) vegetation management practices in 
                        transportation rights-of-way to improve roadway 
                        safety, prevent against invasive species, 
                        facilitate wildfire control, and provide 
                        erosion control; and
                          ``(iv) archaeological activities relating to 
                        impacts from implementation of a transportation 
                        project eligible under this title.
                  ``(F) Any environmental mitigation activity, 
                including pollution prevention and pollution abatement 
                activities and mitigation to address stormwater 
                management, control, and water pollution prevention or 
                abatement related to highway construction or due to 
                highway runoff, including activities described in 
                sections 328(a) and 329.
                  ``(G) Projects and strategies to reduce vehicle-
                caused wildlife mortality related to, or to restore and 
                maintain connectivity among terrestrial or aquatic 
                habitats affected by, a transportation facility 
                otherwise eligible for assistance under this 
                subsection.
                  ``(H) The recreational trails program under section 
                206.
                  ``(I) The safe routes to school program under section 
                211.
                  ``(J) Activities in furtherance of a vulnerable road 
                user assessment described in section 148.
                  ``(K) Any other projects or activities described in 
                section 101(a)(29) or section 213, as such sections 
                were in effect on the day before the date of enactment 
                of the FAST Act (Public Law 114-94).
          ``(4) Access to funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State, metropolitan planning 
                organization required to obligate funds in accordance 
                with paragraph (2)(A), or an entity required to 
                obligate funds in accordance with paragraph (2)(B) 
                shall develop a competitive process to allow eligible 
                entities to submit projects for funding that achieve 
                the objectives of this subsection. A metropolitan 
                planning organization for an area described in 
                subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) shall select projects under 
                such process in consultation with the relevant State.
                  ``(B) Priority.--The processes described in 
                subparagraph (A) shall prioritize project location and 
                impact in low-income, transit-dependent, or other high-
                need areas.
                  ``(C) Eligible entity defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `eligible entity' means--
                          ``(i) a local government, including a county 
                        or multi-county special district;
                          ``(ii) a regional transportation authority;
                          ``(iii) a transit agency;
                          ``(iv) a natural resource or public land 
                        agency;
                          ``(v) a school district, local education 
                        agency, or school;
                          ``(vi) a tribal government;
                          ``(vii) a metropolitan planning organization 
                        that serves an urbanized area with a population 
                        of 200,000 or fewer;
                          ``(viii) a nonprofit organization carrying 
                        out activities related to transportation;
                          ``(ix) any other local or regional 
                        governmental entity with responsibility for or 
                        oversight of transportation or recreational 
                        trails (other than a metropolitan planning 
                        organization that serves an urbanized area with 
                        a population of over 200,000 or a State agency) 
                        that the State determines to be eligible, 
                        consistent with the goals of this subsection; 
                        and
                          ``(x) a State, at the request of any entity 
                        listed in clauses (i) through (ix).
          ``(5) Continuation of certain recreational trails projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--For each fiscal year, a State 
                shall--
                          ``(i) obligate an amount of funds set aside 
                        under this subsection equal to 175 percent of 
                        the amount of the funds apportioned to the 
                        State for fiscal year 2009 under section 
                        104(h)(2), as in effect on the day before the 
                        date of enactment of MAP-21, for projects 
                        relating to recreational trails under section 
                        206;
                          ``(ii) return 1 percent of the funds 
                        described in clause (i) to the Secretary for 
                        the administration of such program; and
                          ``(iii) comply with the provisions of the 
                        administration of the recreational trails 
                        program under section 206, including the use of 
                        apportioned funds described in subsection 
                        (d)(3)(A) of such section.
                  ``(B) State flexibility.--A State may opt out of the 
                recreational trails program under this paragraph if the 
                Governor of the State notifies the Secretary not later 
                than 30 days prior to the date on which an 
                apportionment is made under section 104 for any fiscal 
                year.
          ``(6) Improving accessibility and efficiency.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State may use an amount equal to 
                not more than 5 percent of the funds set aside for the 
                State under this subsection, after allocating funds in 
                accordance with paragraph (2)(A), to improve the 
                ability of applicants to access funding for projects 
                under this subsection in an efficient and expeditious 
                manner by providing--
                          ``(i) to applicants for projects under this 
                        subsection application assistance, technical 
                        assistance, and assistance in reducing the 
                        period of time between the selection of the 
                        project and the obligation of funds for the 
                        project; and
                          ``(ii) funding for one or more full-time 
                        State employee positions to administer this 
                        subsection.
                  ``(B) Use of funds.--Amounts used under subparagraph 
                (A) may be expended--
                          ``(i) directly by the State; or
                          ``(ii) through contracts with State agencies, 
                        private entities, or nonprofit entities.
                  ``(C) Improving project delivery.--
                          ``(i) In general.--The Secretary shall take 
                        such action as may be necessary, consistent 
                        with Federal requirements, to facilitate 
                        efficient and timely delivery of projects under 
                        this subsection that are small, low impact, and 
                        constructed within an existing built 
                        environment.
                          ``(ii) Considerations.--The Secretary shall 
                        consider the use of programmatic agreements, 
                        expedited or alternative procurement processes 
                        (including project bundling), and other 
                        effective practices to facilitate the goals of 
                        this paragraph.
          ``(7) Federal share.--
                  ``(A) Flexible match.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Notwithstanding section 
                        120--
                                  ``(I) the non-Federal share for a 
                                project under this subsection may be 
                                calculated on a project, multiple-
                                project, or program basis; and
                                  ``(II) the Federal share of the cost 
                                of an individual project in this 
                                subsection may be up to 100 percent.
                          ``(ii) Aggregate non-federal share.--The 
                        average annual non-Federal share of the total 
                        cost of all projects for which funds are 
                        obligated under this subsection in a State for 
                        a fiscal year shall be not less than the non-
                        Federal share authorized for the State under 
                        section 120.
                          ``(iii) Requirement.--This subparagraph shall 
                        only apply to a State if such State has 
                        adequate financial controls, as certified by 
                        the Secretary, to account for the average 
                        annual non-Federal share under this 
                        subparagraph.
                  ``(B) Safety projects.--Notwithstanding section 120, 
                funds made available to carry out section 148 may be 
                credited toward the non-Federal share of the costs of a 
                project under this subsection if the project--
                          ``(i) is a project described in section 
                        148(e)(1); and
                          ``(ii) is consistent with the State strategic 
                        highway safety plan (as defined in section 
                        148(a)).
          ``(8) Flexibility.--
                  ``(A) State authority.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A State may use not more 
                        than 50 percent of the funds set aside under 
                        this subsection that are available for 
                        obligation in any area of the State 
                        (suballocated consistent with the requirements 
                        of subsection (d)(1)(B)) for any purpose 
                        eligible under subsection (b).
                          ``(ii) Restriction.--Funds may be used as 
                        described in clause (i) only if the State 
                        demonstrates to the Secretary--
                                  ``(I) that the State held a 
                                competition in compliance with the 
                                requirements of this subsection in such 
                                form as the Secretary determines 
                                appropriate;
                                  ``(II) that the State offered 
                                technical assistance to all eligible 
                                entities and provided such assistance 
                                upon request by an eligible entity; and
                                  ``(III) that there were not 
                                sufficient suitable applications from 
                                eligible entities to use the funds 
                                described in clause (i).
                  ``(B) MPO authority.--
                          ``(i) In general.--A metropolitan planning 
                        organization that represents an urbanized area 
                        with a population of greater than 200,000 may 
                        use not more than 50 percent of the funds set 
                        aside under this subsection for an urbanized 
                        area described in subsection (d)(1)(A)(i) for 
                        any purpose eligible under subsection (b).
                          ``(ii) Restriction.--Funds may be used as 
                        described in clause (i) only if the Secretary 
                        certifies that the metropolitan planning 
                        organization--
                                  ``(I) held a competition in 
                                compliance with the requirements of 
                                this subsection in such form as the 
                                Secretary determines appropriate; and
                                  ``(II) demonstrates that there were 
                                not sufficient suitable applications 
                                from eligible entities to use the funds 
                                described in clause (i).
          ``(9) Annual reports.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Each State or metropolitan 
                planning organization responsible for carrying out the 
                requirements of this subsection shall submit to the 
                Secretary an annual report that describes--
                          ``(i) the number of project applications 
                        received for each fiscal year, including--
                                  ``(I) the aggregate cost of the 
                                projects for which applications are 
                                received; and
                                  ``(II) the types of projects by 
                                eligibility category to be carried out, 
                                expressed as percentages of the total 
                                apportionment of the State under this 
                                subsection; and
                          ``(ii) the list of each project selected for 
                        funding for each fiscal year, including 
                        specifying the fiscal year for which the 
                        project was selected, the fiscal year in which 
                        the project is anticipated to be funded, the 
                        recipient, the funding sources (including non-
                        Federal match), the project status, the 
                        specific location, the congressional district, 
                        the type by eligibility category, and a brief 
                        description.
                  ``(B) Public availability.--The Secretary shall make 
                available to the public, in a user-friendly format on 
                the website of the Department of Transportation, a copy 
                of each annual report submitted under subparagraph 
                (A).''.

SEC. 1207. BRIDGE INVESTMENT.

  (a) In General.--Section 144 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in the section heading by striking ``National bridge and 
        tunnel inventory and inspection standards'' and inserting 
        ``Bridges and tunnels'';
          (2) in subsection (a)(1)(B) by striking ``deficient'';
          (3) in subsection (b)(5) by striking ``structurally deficient 
        bridge'' and inserting ``bridge classified as in poor 
        condition'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2) by striking ``Not later than 2 
                years after the date of enactment of the MAP-21, each'' 
                and inserting ``Each''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (4);
          (5) in subsection (j)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``, 124,'' after 
                ``section 119'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)(A) by inserting ``, 124,'' after 
                ``section 119''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (5) by striking ``financial 
                characteristics'' and all that follows through the end 
                and inserting ``Federal share.''; and
          (6) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(l) Highway Bridge Replacement and Rehabilitation.--
          ``(1) Goals.--The goals of this subsection shall be to--
                  ``(A) support the achievement of a state of good 
                repair for the Nation's bridges;
                  ``(B) improve the safety, efficiency, and reliability 
                of the movement of people and freight over bridges; and
                  ``(C) improve the condition of bridges in the United 
                States by reducing--
                          ``(i) the number of bridges--
                                  ``(I) in poor condition; or
                                  ``(II) in fair condition and at risk 
                                of falling into poor condition;
                          ``(ii) the total person miles traveled over 
                        bridges--
                                  ``(I) in poor condition; or
                                  ``(II) in fair condition and at risk 
                                of falling into poor condition;
                          ``(iii) the number of bridges that--
                                  ``(I) do not meet current geometric 
                                design standards; or
                                  ``(II) cannot meet the load and 
                                traffic requirements typical of the 
                                regional transportation network; and
                          ``(iv) the total person miles traveled over 
                        bridges that--
                                  ``(I) do not meet current geometric 
                                design standards; or
                                  ``(II) cannot meet the load and 
                                traffic requirements typical of the 
                                regional transportation network.
          ``(2) Bridges on public roads.--
                  ``(A) Minimum bridge investment.--Excluding the 
                amounts described in subparagraph (C), of the total 
                funds apportioned to a State under paragraphs (1) and 
                (2) of section 104(b) for fiscal years 2023 to 2026, a 
                State shall obligate not less than 20 percent for 
                projects described in subparagraph (E).
                  ``(B) Program flexibility.--A State required to 
                obligate funds under subparagraph (A) may use any 
                combination of funds apportioned to a State under 
                paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 104(b).
                  ``(C) Limitation.--Amounts described below may not be 
                used for the purposes of calculating or meeting the 
                minimum bridge investment requirement under 
                subparagraph (A)--
                          ``(i) amounts described in section 
                        133(d)(1)(A);
                          ``(ii) amounts set aside under section 
                        133(h); and
                          ``(iii) amounts described in section 505(a).
                  ``(D) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section 
                shall be construed to prohibit the expenditure of funds 
                described in subparagraph (C) for bridge projects 
                eligible under such section.
                  ``(E) Eligible projects.--Funds required to be 
                obligated in accordance with paragraph (2)(A) may be 
                obligated for projects or activities that--
                          ``(i) are otherwise eligible under either 
                        section 119 or section 133, as applicable;
                          ``(ii) support the achievement of performance 
                        targets of the State established under section 
                        150, are consistent with the transportation 
                        asset management plan of the State, or provide 
                        support for the condition and performance of 
                        bridges on public roads within the State; and
                          ``(iii) remove, replace, reconstruct, 
                        rehabilitate, preserve, or protect a bridge 
                        included on the national bridge inventory 
                        authorized by subsection (b), including 
                        through--
                                  ``(I) seismic retrofits;
                                  ``(II) systematic preventive 
                                maintenance;
                                  ``(III) installation of scour 
                                countermeasures;
                                  ``(IV) the use of innovative 
                                materials that extend the service life 
                                of the bridge and reduce preservation 
                                costs, as compared to conventionally 
                                designed and constructed bridges;
                                  ``(V) the use of nontraditional 
                                production techniques, including 
                                factory prefabrication;
                                  ``(VI) painting for purposes of 
                                bridge protection;
                                  ``(VII) application of calcium 
                                magnesium acetate, sodium acetate/
                                formate, or other environmentally 
                                acceptable, minimally corrosive anti-
                                icing and deicing compositions;
                                  ``(VIII) corrosion control;
                                  ``(IX) construction of protective 
                                features (including natural 
                                infrastructure) alone or in combination 
                                with other activities eligible under 
                                this paragraph to enhance resilience of 
                                a bridge;
                                  ``(X) bridge security 
                                countermeasures;
                                  ``(XI) impact protection measures for 
                                bridges;
                                  ``(XII) inspection and evaluation of 
                                bridges;
                                  ``(XIII) training for bridge 
                                inspectors consistent with subsection 
                                (i); and
                                  ``(XIV) removal of a bridge 
                                classified as in poor condition in 
                                order to improve community 
                                connectivity.
                  ``(F) Bundles of projects.--A State may use a bundle 
                of projects as described in subsection (j) to satisfy 
                the requirements of subparagraph (A), if each project 
                in the bundle is otherwise eligible under subparagraph 
                (E).
                  ``(G) Flexibility.--The Secretary may, at the request 
                of a State, reduce the required obligation under 
                subparagraph (A) if--
                          ``(i) the reduction is consistent with a 
                        State's asset management plan for the National 
                        Highway System;
                          ``(ii) the reduction will not limit a State's 
                        ability to meet its performance targets under 
                        section 150 or to improve the condition and 
                        performance of bridges on public roads within 
                        the State; and
                          ``(iii) the State demonstrates that it has 
                        inadequate needs to justify the expenditure.
                  ``(H) Bridge investment report.--The Secretary shall 
                annually publish on the website of the Department of 
                Transportation a bridge investment report that 
                includes--
                          ``(i) the total Federal funding obligated for 
                        bridge projects in the most recent fiscal year, 
                        on a State-by-State basis and broken out by 
                        Federal program;
                          ``(ii) the total Federal funding obligated, 
                        on a State-by-State basis and broken out by 
                        Federal program, for bridge projects carried 
                        out pursuant to the minimum bridge investment 
                        requirements under subparagraph (A);
                          ``(iii) the progress made by each State 
                        toward meeting the minimum bridge investment 
                        requirement under subparagraph (A) for such 
                        State, both cumulatively and for the most 
                        recent fiscal year;
                          ``(iv) a summary of--
                                  ``(I) each request made under 
                                subparagraph (G) by a State for a 
                                reduction in the minimum bridge 
                                investment requirement under 
                                subparagraph (A); and
                                  ``(II) for each request described in 
                                subclause (I) that is granted by the 
                                Secretary--
                                          ``(aa) the percentage and 
                                        dollar amount of the reduction; 
                                        and
                                          ``(bb) an explanation of how 
                                        the State met each of the 
                                        criteria described in 
                                        subparagraph (G); and
                          ``(v) a summary of--
                                  ``(I) each request made by a State 
                                for a reduction in the obligation 
                                requirements under section 133(f); and
                                  ``(II) for each request that is 
                                granted by the Secretary--
                                          ``(aa) the percentage and 
                                        dollar amount of the reduction; 
                                        and
                                          ``(bb) an explanation of how 
                                        the Secretary made the 
                                        determination under section 
                                        133(f)(2)(B).
                  ``(I) Off-system bridges.--A State may apply amounts 
                obligated under this subsection or section 133(f)(2)(A) 
                to the obligation requirements of both this subsection 
                and section 133(f).
                  ``(J) NHS penalty.--A State may apply amounts 
                obligated under this subsection or section 119(f)(2) to 
                the obligation requirements of both this subsection and 
                section 119(f)(2).
                  ``(K) Compliance.--If a State fails to satisfy the 
                requirements of subparagraph (A) by the end of fiscal 
                year 2025, the Secretary may subject the State to 
                appropriate program sanctions under section 1.36 of 
                title 23, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
                regulations).''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
144 and inserting the following:

``144. Bridges and tunnels.''.

SEC. 1208. CONSTRUCTION OF FERRY BOATS AND FERRY TERMINAL FACILITIES.

  Section 147 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (h); and
          (2) by redesignating subsections (i) and (j) as subsections 
        (h) and (i), respectively.

SEC. 1209. HIGHWAY SAFETY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Section 148 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (4)(B)--
                          (i) by striking ``only includes a project'' 
                        and inserting ``includes a project'';
                          (ii) in clause (xiii) by inserting ``, 
                        including the development of a vulnerable road 
                        user safety assessment or a vision zero plan 
                        under section 1601 of the INVEST in America 
                        Act'' after ``safety planning'';
                          (iii) by amending clause (xviii) to read as 
                        follows:
                          ``(xviii) Safe routes to school 
                        infrastructure-related projects eligible under 
                        section 211.'';
                          (iv) in clause (xxvi) by inserting ``or 
                        leading pedestrian intervals'' after ``hybrid 
                        beacons''; and
                          (v) by striking clause (xxviii) and inserting 
                        the following:
                          ``(xxviii) A pedestrian security feature 
                        designed to slow or stop a motor vehicle.
                          ``(xxix) Installation of infrastructure 
                        improvements, including sidewalks, crosswalks, 
                        signage, and bus stop shelters or protected 
                        waiting areas.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (11)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) in clause (ix) by striking 
                                ``and'' at the end;
                                  (II) by redesignating clause (x) as 
                                clause (xi); and
                                  (III) by inserting after clause (ix) 
                                the following:
                          ``(x) State or local representatives of 
                        educational agencies to address safe routes to 
                        school and schoolbus safety; and'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (E) by inserting 
                        ``Tribal,'' after ``State,'';
                          (iii) by redesignating subparagraphs (G), 
                        (H), and (I) as subparagraphs (H), (I), and 
                        (J), respectively; and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (F) the 
                        following:
                  ``(G) includes a vulnerable road user safety 
                assessment described under paragraph (16);'';
                  (C) by redesignating paragraphs (10), (11), and (12) 
                as paragraphs (12), (13), and (14), respectively;
                  (D) by inserting after paragraph (9) the following:
          ``(10) Safe system approach.--The term `safe system approach' 
        means a roadway design that emphasizes minimizing the risk of 
        injury or fatality to road users and that--
                  ``(A) takes into consideration the possibility and 
                likelihood of human error;
                  ``(B) accommodates human injury tolerance by taking 
                into consideration likely crash types, resulting impact 
                forces, and the human body's ability to withstand such 
                forces; and
                  ``(C) takes into consideration vulnerable road users.
          ``(11) Specified safety project.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `specified safety 
                project' means a project carried out for the purpose of 
                safety under any other section of this title that is 
                consistent with the State strategic highway safety 
                plan.
                  ``(B) Inclusion.--The term `specified safety project' 
                includes a project that--
                          ``(i) promotes public awareness and informs 
                        the public regarding highway safety matters 
                        (including safety for motorcyclists, 
                        bicyclists, pedestrians, individuals with 
                        disabilities, and other road users);
                          ``(ii) facilitates enforcement of traffic 
                        safety laws;
                          ``(iii) provides infrastructure and 
                        infrastructure-related equipment to support 
                        emergency services;
                          ``(iv) conducts safety-related research to 
                        evaluate experimental safety countermeasures or 
                        equipment; or
                          ``(v) supports safe routes to school 
                        noninfrastructure-related activities described 
                        under section 211(e)(2).''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(15) Transportation management area.--The term 
        `transportation management area' means an area designated under 
        section 134(k).
          ``(16) Vulnerable road user.--The term `vulnerable road user' 
        means a nonmotorist--
                  ``(A) with a fatality analysis reporting system 
                person attribute code that is included in the 
                definition of the term `number of non-motorized 
                fatalities' in section 490.205 of title 23, Code of 
                Federal Regulations (or successor regulation); or
                  ``(B) described in the term `number of non-motorized 
                serious injuries' in such section.
          ``(17) Vulnerable road user safety assessment.--The term 
        `vulnerable road user safety assessment' means an assessment of 
        the safety performance of the State or a metropolitan planning 
        organization within the State with respect to vulnerable road 
        users and the plan of the State or metropolitan planning 
        organization to improve the safety of vulnerable road users 
        described in subsection (l).'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``(a)(11)'' and 
                inserting ``(a)(13)''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)(vi) by inserting ``, 
                        consistent with the vulnerable road user safety 
                        assessment'' after ``nonmotorized crashes'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(i)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``, consistent with 
                                a safe system approach,'' after 
                                ``identify'';
                                  (II) by inserting ``excessive design 
                                speeds and speed limits,'' after 
                                ``crossing needs,''; and
                                  (III) by striking ``motorists 
                                (including motorcyclists), bicyclists, 
                                pedestrians, and other highway users'' 
                                and inserting ``road users''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (D)(iii) by striking 
                        ``motorists (including motorcyclists), 
                        bicyclists, pedestrians, persons with 
                        disabilities, and other highway users'' and 
                        inserting ``road users'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``Not 
                        later than 1 year after the date of enactment 
                        of the MAP-21, the'' and inserting ``The''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) in clause (iv) by inserting ``and 
                                serious injury'' after ``fatality'';
                                  (II) in clause (vii) by striking ``; 
                                and'' and inserting a semicolon;
                                  (III) by redesignating clause (viii) 
                                as clause (ix); and
                                  (IV) by inserting after clause (vii) 
                                the following:
                          ``(viii) the findings of a vulnerable road 
                        user safety assessment of the State; and''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(B)(i) by striking ``subsection 
                (a)(11)'' and inserting ``subsection (a)(13)'';
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(C) by striking ``, without 
                regard to whether the project is included in an 
                applicable State strategic highway safety plan''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Flexible funding for specified safety projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--To advance the implementation of a 
                State strategic highway safety plan, a State may use 
                not more than 10 percent of the amounts apportioned to 
                the State under section 104(b)(3) for a fiscal year to 
                carry out specified safety projects.
                  ``(B) Rule of statutory construction.--Nothing in 
                this paragraph shall be construed to require a State to 
                revise any State process, plan, or program in effect on 
                the date of enactment of this paragraph.
                  ``(C) Effect of paragraph.--
                          ``(i) Requirements.--A project funded under 
                        this paragraph shall be subject to all 
                        requirements under this section that apply to a 
                        highway safety improvement project.
                          ``(ii) Other apportioned programs.--
                        Subparagraph (A) shall not apply to amounts 
                        that may be obligated for noninfrastructure 
                        projects apportioned under any other paragraph 
                        of section 104(b).'';
          (5) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) High-risk rural road safety.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If the Secretary determines that 
                the fatality rate on rural roads in a State for the 
                most recent 2-year period for which data are available 
                exceeds the median fatality rate for rural roads among 
                all States, such State shall be required to--
                          ``(i) obligate over the 2 fiscal years 
                        following the fiscal year in which such 
                        determination is made for projects on high-risk 
                        rural roads an amount not less than 7.5 percent 
                        of the amounts apportioned to the State under 
                        section 104(b)(3) for fiscal year 2020; and
                          ``(ii) include, in the subsequent update to 
                        the State strategic highway safety plan, 
                        strategies to reduce the fatality rate.
                  ``(B) Source of funds.--Any amounts obligated under 
                subparagraph (A) shall be from amounts described under 
                section 133(d)(1)(B).
                  ``(C) Annual determination.--The determination 
                described under subparagraph (A) shall be made on an 
                annual basis.
                  ``(D) Consultation.--In carrying out a project with 
                an amount obligated under subparagraph (A), a State 
                shall consult with, as applicable, local governments, 
                metropolitan planning organizations, and regional 
                transportation planning organizations.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the heading by striking ``drivers'' 
                        and inserting ``road users'';
                          (ii) by striking ``drivers and pedestrians'' 
                        and inserting ``road users''; and
                          (iii) by striking ``address the increases 
                        in'' and inserting ``reduce''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Vulnerable road user safety.--
                  ``(A) High risk states.--
                          ``(i) Annual determination.--Beginning on the 
                        date of enactment of the INVEST in America Act, 
                        the Secretary shall determine on an annual 
                        basis whether the number of vulnerable road 
                        user fatalities and serious injuries per capita 
                        in a State over the most recent 2-year period 
                        for which data are available exceeds the median 
                        number fatalities in all such areas over such 
                        2-year period.
                          ``(ii) Obligation requirement.--If the 
                        Secretary determines that the number of 
                        vulnerable road user fatalities and serious 
                        injuries per capita in a State over the most 
                        recent 2-year period for which data are 
                        available exceeds the median number of such 
                        fatalities and serious injuries per capita over 
                        such 2-year period among all States, that State 
                        shall be required to obligate over the 2 fiscal 
                        years following the fiscal year in which such 
                        determination is made an amount that is not 
                        less than 50 percent of the amount set aside in 
                        such State under section 133(h)(1) for fiscal 
                        year 2020 (less any amounts obligated for 
                        projects in that State as required by 
                        subparagraph (B)(ii)) for--
                                  ``(I) in the first two fiscal years 
                                after the enactment of the INVEST in 
                                America Act--
                                          ``(aa) performing the 
                                        vulnerable road user safety 
                                        assessment as required by 
                                        subsection (l);
                                          ``(bb) providing matching 
                                        funds for transportation 
                                        alternatives safety projects as 
                                        identified in section 
                                        133(h)(7)(B); or
                                          ``(cc) projects eligible 
                                        under subparagraphs (A), (B), 
                                        (C), or (I) of section 133(h); 
                                        and
                                  ``(II) in each 2-year period 
                                thereafter, projects identified in the 
                                program of projects described in 
                                subsection (l)(2)(C).
                  ``(B) High risk areas.--
                          ``(i) Annual determination.--The Secretary 
                        shall determine on an annual basis whether the 
                        number of vulnerable road user fatalities per 
                        capita in a transportation management area over 
                        the most recent 2-year period for which data 
                        are available exceeds the median number 
                        fatalities in all such areas over such 2-year 
                        period.
                          ``(ii) Obligation requirement.--If the 
                        Secretary determines that the number of 
                        vulnerable road user fatalities per capita in 
                        the transportation management area over the 
                        most recent 2-year period for which data are 
                        available exceeds the median number of such 
                        fatalities over such 2-year period among all 
                        such areas, then there shall be required to be 
                        obligated over the 2 fiscal years following the 
                        fiscal year in which such determination is 
                        made, for projects identified in the program of 
                        projects described in subsection (l)(7)(C), an 
                        amount that is not less than 50 percent of the 
                        amount set aside for that urbanized area under 
                        section 133(h)(2) for fiscal year 2020.
                          ``(iii) Applicability.--The obligation 
                        requirement described in clause (ii) shall not 
                        take effect until the subject metropolitan 
                        planning organization has developed the 
                        vulnerable road user safety assessment 
                        described in subsection (l)(7).
                  ``(C) Source of funds.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Any amounts required to be 
                        obligated under this paragraph shall be from 
                        amounts apportioned under section 104(b) except 
                        for--
                                  ``(I) amounts described in section 
                                133(d)(1)(A); and
                                  ``(II) amounts set aside under 
                                section 133(h).
                          ``(ii) Areas in a high risk state.--If an 
                        area subject to the obligation requirement 
                        described in subparagraph (B)(ii) is located in 
                        a State required to obligate funds to 
                        vulnerable road user safety under subparagraph 
                        (A)(ii), any obligations in such State for 
                        projects identified in the program of projects 
                        described in subsection (l)(7)(C) shall count 
                        toward such State's obligation requirement 
                        under subparagraph (A)(ii).'';
          (6) in subsection (h)(1)(A)--
                  (A) by inserting ``, including any efforts to reduce 
                vehicle speed'' after ``under this section''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``and projects identified under a 
                vulnerable road user safety assessment'' after 
                ``projects''; and
          (7) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(l) Vulnerable Road User Safety Assessment.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after date of 
        enactment of the INVEST in America Act, each State shall create 
        a vulnerable road user safety assessment.
          ``(2) Contents.--A vulnerable road user safety assessment 
        required under paragraph (1) shall include--
                  ``(A) a description of the location within the State 
                of each vulnerable road user fatality and serious 
                injury, including, if available, the design speed of 
                the roadway at any such location;
                  ``(B) a description of any corridors identified by a 
                State, in coordination with local governments, 
                metropolitan planning organizations, and regional 
                transportation planning organizations that pose a high 
                risk of a vulnerable road user fatality or serious 
                injury, including, if available, the design speeds of 
                such corridors; and
                  ``(C) a program of projects or strategies to reduce 
                safety risks to vulnerable road users in corridors 
                identified under subparagraph (B), in coordination with 
                local governments, metropolitan planning organizations, 
                and regional transportation planning organizations that 
                represent a high-risk area identified under 
                subparagraph (B).
          ``(3) Analysis.--In creating a vulnerable road user safety 
        assessment under this subsection, a State shall assess the last 
        5 years of available data.
          ``(4) Requirements.--In creating a vulnerable road user 
        safety assessment under this subsection, a State shall--
                  ``(A) take into consideration a safe system approach; 
                and
                  ``(B) coordinate with local governments, metropolitan 
                planning organizations, and regional transportation 
                planning organizations that represent a high-risk area 
                identified under paragraph (2)(B).
          ``(5) Update.--A State shall update a vulnerable road user 
        safety assessment on the same schedule as the State updates the 
        State strategic highway safety plan.
          ``(6) Transportation system access.--The program of projects 
        developed under paragraph (2)(C) may not degrade transportation 
        system access for vulnerable road users.
          ``(7) Urbanized area assessments.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A metropolitan planning 
                organization representing a transportation management 
                area shall, in consultation with local governments in 
                such area, complete a vulnerable road user safety 
                assessment based on the most recent 5 years of 
                available data at least once every 4 years.
                  ``(B) Contents.--The assessment completed under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                          ``(i) a description of the location within 
                        the area of each vulnerable road user fatality 
                        and, if available, serious injury;
                          ``(ii) a description of any corridors that 
                        represent a high-risk area identified under 
                        paragraph (2)(B) or have otherwise been 
                        identified by the metropolitan planning 
                        organization or local government that pose a 
                        high risk of a vulnerable road user fatality or 
                        serious injury; and
                          ``(iii) a program of projects or strategies 
                        to reduce safety risks to vulnerable road users 
                        in corridors identified under subparagraph 
                        (B).''.
  (b) Technical Amendment.--Section 148 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) in the heading for subsection (a)(8) by striking ``Road 
        users'' and inserting ``Road user''; and
          (2) in subsection (i)(2)(D) by striking ``safety safety'' and 
        inserting ``safety''.
  (c) High-Risk Rural Roads.--
          (1) Study.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        update the study described in paragraph (1) of section 1112(b) 
        of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 148 note).
          (2) Publication of report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall publish on 
        the website of the Department of Transportation an updated 
        report of the report described in paragraph (2) of section 
        1112(b) of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 148 note).
          (3) Best practices manual.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of submission of the report described in paragraph (2), 
        the Secretary shall update the best practices manual described 
        in section 1112(b)(3) of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 148 note).

SEC. 1210. CONGESTION MITIGATION AND AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM.

  Section 149 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A)(ii) by striking ``subsection 
                (h)'' and inserting ``subsection (i)'';
                  (B) in paragraph (7) by inserting ``shared 
                micromobility (including bikesharing and shared scooter 
                systems), publicly accessible charging stations, docks, 
                and storage for electric bicycles and micromobility 
                devices,'' after ``carsharing'';
                  (C) in paragraph (8)(B) by striking ``; or'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (D) in paragraph (9) by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; or''; and
                  (E) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(10) if the project or program mitigates seasonal or 
        temporary traffic congestion from long-haul travel or 
        tourism.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in the heading by inserting ``, hydrogen 
                        vehicle,'' after ``Electric vehicle'';
                          (ii) by inserting ``hydrogen or'' after 
                        ``charging stations or''; and
                          (iii) by inserting ``, hydrogen-powered,'' 
                        after ``battery powered''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3) by inserting ``, and is 
                consistent with section 166'' after ``travel times''; 
                and
          (3) by striking subsection (m) and inserting the following:
  ``(m) Operating Assistance.--
          ``(1) Projects.--A State may obligate funds apportioned under 
        section 104(b)(4) in an area of such State that is otherwise 
        eligible for obligations of such funds for operating costs 
        under chapter 53 of title 49 or on a system for which CMAQ 
        funding was made available, obligated, or expended in fiscal 
        year 2012, or, notwithstanding subsection (b), on a State-
        supported Amtrak route with a cost-sharing agreement under 
        section 209 of the Passenger Rail Investment and Improvement 
        Act of 2008 or alternative cost allocation under section 
        24712(g)(3) of title 49.
          ``(2) Time limitation.--In determining the amount of time for 
        which a State may obligate funds under paragraph (1) for 
        operating assistance for an area of a State or on a system, the 
        Secretary shall allow such obligations to occur, in such area 
        or on such system--
                  ``(A) with a time limitation of not less than 3 
                years; and
                  ``(B) in the case of projects that demonstrate 
                continued net air quality benefits beyond 3 years, as 
                determined annually by the Secretary in consultation 
                with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
                Agency, with no imposed time limitation.''.

SEC. 1211. ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING STATIONS.

  (a) Electric Vehicle Charging Stations.--Chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 154 the 
following new section:

``Sec. 155. Electric vehicle charging stations

  ``(a) In General.--Any electric vehicle charging infrastructure 
funded under this title shall be subject to the requirements of this 
section.
  ``(b) Interoperability.--An electric vehicle charging station funded 
under this title shall--
          ``(1) provide a charging connector type or means to transmit 
        electricity to vehicles that meets applicable industry accepted 
        practices and safety standards; and
          ``(2) have the ability to serve vehicles produced by more 
        than one vehicle manufacturer.
  ``(c) Open Access to Payment.--Electric vehicle charging stations 
shall provide payment methods available to all members of the public to 
ensure secure, convenient, and equal access and shall not be limited by 
membership to a particular payment provider.
  ``(d) Network Capability.--An electric vehicle charging station 
funded under this title shall be capable of being remotely monitored.
  ``(e) Guidance.--Not less than 180 days after enactment of the INVEST 
in America Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in coordination with 
the Secretary of Energy, shall, as appropriate, publish guidance for 
public comment applicable to any electric vehicle charging station 
funded in whole or in part under this title related to--
          ``(1) the installation, operation, or maintenance by 
        qualified technicians of electric vehicle charging 
        infrastructure;
          ``(2) the physical and payment interoperability of electric 
        vehicle charging infrastructure;
          ``(3) any traffic control device or on-premises sign 
        acquired, installed, or operated related to an electric vehicle 
        charging station funded under this title; and
          ``(4) network connectivity of electric vehicle charging, 
        including measures to protect personal privacy and ensure 
        cybersecurity.
  ``(f) Wage Requirements.--Section 113 shall apply to any project for 
electric vehicle charging infrastructure funded under this title.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 154 the following new item:

``155. Electric vehicle charging stations.''.

  (c) Electric Vehicle Charging Signage.--The Secretary of 
Transportation shall update the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control 
Devices to--
          (1) ensure uniformity in providing road users direction to 
        electric charging stations that are open to the public; and
          (2) allow the use of a comprehensive system of signs for 
        electric vehicle charging providers to help drivers identify 
        the type of charging and connector types available at the 
        location.
  (d) Agreements Relating to the Use and Access of Rights-of-Way of the 
Interstate System.--Section 111 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Interstate System Rights-of-Way.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding subsection (a) or (b), the 
        Secretary shall permit, consistent with section 155, the 
        charging of electric vehicles on rights-of-way of the 
        Interstate System, including in--
                  ``(A) a rest area; or
                  ``(B) a fringe or corridor parking facility, 
                including a park and ride facility.
          ``(2) Savings clause.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        permit commercial activities on rights-of-way of the Interstate 
        System, except as necessary for the charging of electric 
        vehicles in accordance with this subsection.''.

SEC. 1212. NATIONAL HIGHWAY FREIGHT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Section 167 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (6) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (7) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(7) to reduce the environmental impacts of freight movement 
        on the National Highway Freight Network, including--
                  ``(A) greenhouse gas emissions;
                  ``(B) local air pollution, including local pollution 
                derived from vehicles idling at railway crossings;
                  ``(C) minimizing, capturing, or treating stormwater 
                runoff and addressing other adverse impacts to water 
                quality; and
                  ``(D) wildlife habitat loss; and
          ``(8) to decrease any adverse impact of freight 
        transportation on communities located near freight facilities 
        or freight corridors.'';
          (2) in subsection (e)(2) by striking ``150 miles'' and 
        inserting ``300 miles'';
          (3) in subsection (f)(4) by striking ``75 miles'' and 
        inserting ``150 miles'';
          (4) in subsection (h) by striking ``Not later than'' and all 
        that follows through ``shall prepare'' and inserting ``As part 
        of the report required under section 503(b)(8), the 
        Administrator shall biennially prepare'';
          (5) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
                  (B) by amending paragraph (4) to read as follows:
          ``(4) Freight planning.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of law, a State may not obligate funds apportioned to the State 
        under section 104(b)(5) unless the State has developed, 
        updated, or amended, as applicable, a freight plan in 
        accordance with section 70202 of title 49.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Limitation.--The Federal share of a project 
                described in subparagraph (C)(xxiii) shall fund only 
                elements of such project that provide public 
                benefits.''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C)--
                                  (I) in clause (iii) by inserting 
                                ``and freight management and operations 
                                systems'' after ``freight 
                                transportation systems''; and
                                  (II) by amending clause (xxiii) to 
                                read as follows:
                          ``(xxiii) Freight intermodal or freight rail 
                        projects, including--
                                  ``(I) projects within the boundaries 
                                of public or private freight rail or 
                                water facilities (including ports);
                                  ``(II) projects that provide surface 
                                transportation infrastructure necessary 
                                to facilitate direct intermodal 
                                interchange, transfer, and access into 
                                or out of the facility; and
                                  ``(III) any other surface 
                                transportation project to improve the 
                                flow of freight into or out of a 
                                facility described in subclause (I) or 
                                (II).'';
                  (D) in paragraph (6) by striking ``paragraph (5)'' 
                and inserting ``paragraph (3)''; and
                  (E) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), (6), and 
                (7) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and (5), respectively; 
                and
          (6) in subsection (k)(1)(A)(ii) by striking ``ports-of 
        entry'' and inserting ``ports-of-entry''.
  (b) National Highway Freight Network.--If a congressionally 
designated future Interstate, or any portion thereof, is included in a 
State Freight Plan (regardless of whether such project is included in 
the freight investment plan of the State) approved by the Department of 
Transportation prior to October 1, 2021, such route shall be considered 
to be on the National Highway Freight Network established under section 
167(c) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1213. CARBON POLLUTION REDUCTION.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:

``Sec. 171. Carbon pollution reduction

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a carbon 
pollution reduction program to support the reduction of greenhouse gas 
emissions from the surface transportation system.
  ``(b) Eligible Projects.--A project is eligible for funding under 
this section if such project--
          ``(1) is expected to yield a significant reduction in 
        greenhouse gas emissions from the surface transportation 
        system;
          ``(2) will help a State meet the greenhouse gas emissions 
        performance targets established under section 150(d); and
          ``(3) is--
                  ``(A) eligible for assistance under this title or 
                under chapter 53 of title 49 or is a capital project 
                for vehicles and facilities (whether publicly or 
                privately owned) that are used to provide intercity 
                passenger service by bus; or
                  ``(B) a capital project, as such term is defined in 
                section 22906 of title 49, to improve intercity rail 
                passenger transportation, provided that the project 
                will yield a significant reduction in single occupant 
                vehicle trips and improve mobility on public roads.
  ``(c) Guidance.--The Secretary shall issue guidance on methods of 
determining the reduction of single occupant vehicle trips and 
improvement of mobility on public roads as those factors relate to 
intercity rail passenger transportation projects under subsection 
(b)(4).
  ``(d) Operating Expenses.--A State may use not more than 10 percent 
of the funds provided under section 104(b)(9) for the operating 
expenses of public transportation and passenger rail transportation 
projects.
  ``(e) Single-Occupancy Vehicle Highway Facilities.--None of the funds 
provided under this section may be used for a project that will result 
in the construction of new capacity available to single occupant 
vehicles unless the project consists of a high occupancy vehicle 
facility and is consistent with section 166.
  ``(f) Evaluation.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall annually evaluate the 
        progress of each State in carrying out the program under this 
        section by comparing the percent change in carbon dioxide 
        emissions per capita on public roads in the State calculated 
        as--
                  ``(A) the annual carbon dioxide emissions per capita 
                on public roads in the State for the most recent year 
                for which there is data; divided by
                  ``(B) the average annual carbon dioxide emissions per 
                capita on public roads in the State in calendar years 
                2015 through 2019.
          ``(2) Measures.--In conducting the evaluation under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) prior to the effective date of the greenhouse 
                gas performance measures under section 150(c)(7)(A), 
                use such data as are available, which may include data 
                on motor fuels usage published by the Federal Highway 
                Administration and information on emissions factors or 
                coefficients published by the Energy Information 
                Administration of the Department of Energy; and
                  ``(B) following the effective date of the greenhouse 
                gas performance measures under section 150(c)(7)(A), 
                use such measures.
  ``(g) Progress Report.--The Secretary shall annually issue a carbon 
pollution reduction progress report, to be made publicly available on 
the website of the Department of Transportation, that includes--
          ``(1) the results of the evaluation under subsection (f) for 
        each State; and
          ``(2) a ranking of all the States by the criteria under 
        subsection (f), with the States that, for the year covered by 
        such report, have the largest percentage reduction in annual 
        carbon dioxide emissions per capita on public roads being 
        ranked the highest.
  ``(h) High-Performing States.--
          ``(1) Designation.--For purposes of this section, each State 
        that is 1 of the 15 highest ranked States, as determined under 
        subsection (g)(2), and that achieves a reduction in carbon 
        dioxide emissions per capita on public roads, as determined by 
        the evaluation in subsection (f), shall be designated as a 
        high-performing State for the following fiscal year.
          ``(2) Use of funds.--For each State that is designated as a 
        high-performing State under paragraph (1)--
                  ``(A) notwithstanding section 120, the State may use 
                funds made available under this title to pay the non-
                Federal share of a project under this section during 
                any year for which such State is designated as a high-
                performing State; and
                  ``(B) notwithstanding section 126, the State may 
                transfer up to 50 percent of funds apportioned under 
                section 104(b)(9) to the program under section 
                104(b)(2) in any year for which such State is 
                designated as a high-performing State.
          ``(3) Transfer.--For each State that is 1 of the 15 lowest 
        ranked States, as determined under subsection (g)(2), the 
        Secretary shall transfer 10 percent of the amount apportioned 
        to the State under section 104(b)(2) in the fiscal year 
        following the year in which the State is so ranked, not 
        including amounts set aside under section 133(d)(1)(A) and 
        under section 133(h) or 505(a), to the apportionment of the 
        State under section 104(b)(9).
          ``(4) Limitation.--The Secretary shall not conduct a transfer 
        under paragraph (3)--
                  ``(A) until the first fiscal year following the 
                effective date of greenhouse gas performance measures 
                under section 150(c)(7)(A); and
                  ``(B) with respect to a State in any fiscal year 
                following the year in which such State achieves a 
                reduction in carbon dioxide emissions per capita on 
                public roads in such year as determined by the 
                evaluation under subsection (f).
  ``(i) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this section and periodically thereafter, the Secretary, in 
consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
Agency, shall issue a report--
          ``(1) detailing, based on the best available science, what 
        types of projects eligible for assistance under this section 
        are expected to provide the most significant greenhouse gas 
        emissions reductions from the surface transportation sector; 
        and
          ``(2) detailing, based on the best available science, what 
        types of projects eligible for assistance under this section 
        are not expected to provide significant greenhouse gas 
        emissions reductions from the surface transportation sector.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
item:

``171. Carbon pollution reduction.''.

  (c) Applicability.--Subsection (b)(2) of section 171 of title 23, 
United States Code, as added by this section, shall apply to a State 
beginning on the first fiscal year following the fiscal year in which 
the State sets greenhouse gas performance targets under section 150(d) 
of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1214. RECREATIONAL TRAILS.

  Section 206 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``except for'' and 
                all that follows and inserting the following: ``except 
                for--
                  ``(A) a motorized wheelchair; and
                  ``(B) in any case in which applicable laws and 
                regulations permit use, an electric bicycle, as defined 
                in section 217(j).'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (F) by striking ``and'' 
                        at the end;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (G) by striking the 
                        period and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) electric bicycling.''; and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(j) Special Rule.--Section 113 shall not apply to projects under 
this section.
  ``(k) Use of Other Apportioned Funds.--Funds apportioned to a State 
under section 104(b) that are obligated for recreational trails and 
related projects shall be administered as if such funds were made 
available for purposes described under this section.''.

SEC. 1215. SAFE ROUTES TO SCHOOL PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 210 the following:

``Sec. 211. Safe routes to school program

  ``(a) Program.--The Secretary shall carry out a safe routes to school 
program for the benefit of children in primary, middle, and high 
schools.
  ``(b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program shall be--
          ``(1) to enable and encourage children, including those with 
        disabilities, to walk and bicycle to school;
          ``(2) to make bicycling and walking to school a safer and 
        more appealing transportation alternative, thereby encouraging 
        a healthy and active lifestyle from an early age; and
          ``(3) to facilitate the planning, development, and 
        implementation of projects and activities that will improve 
        safety and reduce traffic, fuel consumption, and air pollution 
        in the vicinity of schools.
  ``(c) Use of Funds.--Amounts apportioned to a State under paragraphs 
(2) and (3) of section 104(b) may be used to carry out projects, 
programs, and other activities under this section.
  ``(d) Eligible Entities.--Projects, programs, and activities funded 
under this section may be carried out by eligible entities described 
under section 133(h)(4)(B) that demonstrate an ability to meet the 
requirements of this section.
  ``(e) Eligible Projects and Activities.--
          ``(1) Infrastructure-related projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State may obligate funds under 
                this section for the planning, design, and construction 
                of infrastructure-related projects that will 
                substantially improve the ability of students to walk 
                and bicycle to school, including sidewalk improvements, 
                traffic calming and speed reduction improvements, 
                pedestrian and bicycle crossing improvements, on-street 
                bicycle facilities, off-street bicycle and pedestrian 
                facilities, secure bicycle parking facilities, and 
                traffic diversion improvements in the vicinity of 
                schools.
                  ``(B) Location of projects.--Infrastructure-related 
                projects under subparagraph (A) may be carried out on 
                any public road or any bicycle or pedestrian pathway or 
                trail in the vicinity of schools.
          ``(2) Noninfrastructure-related activities.--In addition to 
        projects described in paragraph (1), a State may obligate funds 
        under this section for noninfrastructure-related activities to 
        encourage walking and bicycling to school, including--
                  ``(A) public awareness campaigns and outreach to 
                press and community leaders;
                  ``(B) traffic education and enforcement in the 
                vicinity of schools;
                  ``(C) student sessions on bicycle and pedestrian 
                safety, health, and environment;
                  ``(D) programs that address personal safety; and
                  ``(E) funding for training, volunteers, and managers 
                of safe routes to school programs.
          ``(3) Safe routes to school coordinator.--Each State 
        receiving an apportionment under paragraphs (2) and (3) of 
        section 104(b) shall use a sufficient amount of the 
        apportionment to fund a full-time position of coordinator of 
        the State's safe routes to school program.
          ``(4) Rural school district outreach.--A coordinator 
        described in paragraph (3) shall conduct outreach to ensure 
        that rural school districts in the State are aware of such 
        State's safe routes to school program and any funds authorized 
        by this section.
  ``(f) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project, 
program, or activity under this section shall be 100 percent.
  ``(g) Clearinghouse.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall maintain a national 
        safe routes to school clearinghouse to--
                  ``(A) develop information and educational programs on 
                safe routes to school; and
                  ``(B) provide technical assistance and disseminate 
                techniques and strategies used for successful safe 
                routes to school programs.
          ``(2) Funding.--The Secretary shall carry out this subsection 
        using amounts authorized to be appropriated for administrative 
        expenses under section 104(a).
  ``(h) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          ``(1) In the vicinity of schools.--The term `in the vicinity 
        of schools' means, with respect to a school, the area within 
        bicycling and walking distance of the school (approximately 2 
        miles).
          ``(2) Primary, middle, and high schools.--The term `primary, 
        middle, and high schools' means schools providing education 
        from kindergarten through twelfth grade.''.
  (b) Technical and Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Repeal.--Section 1404 of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59; 
        119 Stat. 1228-1230), and the item relating to such section in 
        the table of contents in section 1(b) of such Act, are 
        repealed.
          (2) Analysis.--The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
        section 210 the following:

``211. Safe routes to school program.''.

SEC. 1216. BICYCLE TRANSPORTATION AND PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS.

  Section 217 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``104(b)(3)'' and inserting 
                ``104(b)(4)''; and
                  (B) by striking ``a position'' and inserting ``at 
                least one full-time positions'';
          (2) in subsection (e) by striking ``bicycles'' and inserting 
        ``pedestrians or bicyclists'' each place such term appears;
          (3) in subsection (j)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``or operators of 
                micromobility devices'' after ``bicyclists'';
                  (B) by striking paragraph (2) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(2) Electric bicycle.--The term `electric bicycle' means 
        mean a bicycle equipped with fully operable pedals, a saddle or 
        seat for the rider, and an electric motor of less than 750 
        watts that can safely share a bicycle transportation facility 
        with other users of such facility and meets the requirements of 
        one of the following three classes:
                  ``(A) Class 1 electric bicycle.--The term `class 1 
                electric bicycle' means an electric bicycle equipped 
                with a motor that provides assistance only when the 
                rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide 
                assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 
                miles per hour.
                  ``(B) Class 2 electric bicycle.--The term `class 2 
                electric bicycle' means an electric bicycle equipped 
                with a motor that may be used exclusively to propel the 
                bicycle, and that is not capable of providing 
                assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 20 
                miles per hour.
                  ``(C) Class 3 electric bicycle.--The term `class 3 
                electric bicycle' means an electric bicycle equipped 
                with a motor that provides assistance only when the 
                rider is pedaling, and that ceases to provide 
                assistance when the bicycle reaches the speed of 28 
                miles per hour.
          ``(3) Micromobility device.--The term `micromobility device' 
        means any wheeled vehicle equipped with a low powered electric 
        motor--
                  ``(A) that is designed primarily for human transport;
                  ``(B) that weighs not more than 100 pounds; and
                  ``(C) that has a top speed of 20 miles per hour or 
                less.''.

SEC. 1217. NOISE BARRIERS.

  (a) Permitting Use of Highway Trust Fund for Construction of Certain 
Noise Barriers.--Section 339(b)(1) of the National Highway System 
Designation Act of 1995 (23 U.S.C. 109 note) is amended to read as 
follows:
          ``(1) General rule.--No funds made available out of the 
        Highway Trust Fund may be used to construct a Type II noise 
        barrier (as defined by section 772.5(I) of title 23, Code of 
        Federal Regulations) pursuant to subsections (h) and (I) of 
        section 109 of title 23, United States Code, unless--
                  ``(A) such a barrier is part of a project approved by 
                the Secretary before November 28, 1995; or
                  ``(B) such a barrier separates a highway or other 
                noise corridor from a group of structures of which the 
                majority of those closest to the highway or noise 
                corridor--
                          ``(i) are residential in nature; and
                          ``(ii) either--
                                  ``(I) were constructed before the 
                                construction or most recent widening of 
                                the highway or noise corridor; or
                                  ``(II) are at least 10 years old.''.
  (b) Eligibility for Surface Transportation Program Funds.--Section 
133 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (b) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(22) Planning, design, or construction of a Type II noise 
        barrier (as described in section 772.5 of title 23, Code of 
        Federal Regulations).''; and
          (2) in subsection (c)(2) by inserting ``and paragraph (22)'' 
        after ``(11)''.

SEC. 1218. SAFE STREETS FOR ALL.

  Section 148 of title 23, United States Code, is further amended by 
adding at the end the following:
  ``(m) Safe Streets for All.--
          ``(1) Safe streets set-aside.--
                  ``(A) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a 
                safe streets program to eliminate the occurrence of 
                transportation-related fatalities and serious injuries 
                on public roads, with a focus on vulnerable road users.
                  ``(B) Amount.--Of the funds apportioned to a State 
                under section 104(b)(3) for each fiscal year, the 
                Secretary shall reserve an amount such that--
                          ``(i) the Secretary reserves a total under 
                        this subsection of $500,000,000 for each of 
                        fiscal years 2023 through 2026; and
                          ``(ii) the State's share of that total is 
                        distributed in the same manner as the amount 
                        apportioned to the State under section 
                        104(b)(3) for each fiscal year bears to the 
                        total amount of funds apportioned to all States 
                        under such section.
          ``(2) Suballocation.--For each fiscal year for which funds 
        are set aside under this subsection, such funds shall be 
        obligated within a State in the manner described in subsections 
        (d) and (e) of section 133, except that, for the purposes of 
        this subsection, the percentage referred to in section 
        133(d)(1)(A) shall be treated as 100 percent.
          ``(3) Use of funds.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Funds set aside under this 
                subsection shall be available for obligation--
                          ``(i) for a complete streets project that 
                        supports the safe, comfortable, convenient, and 
                        independent movement of all users of the 
                        transportation system, of all ages and 
                        abilities, consistent with context sensitive 
                        design principles;
                          ``(ii) for activities eligible under the safe 
                        routes to school program under section 211;
                          ``(iii) to develop and implement the policies 
                        and procedures described in section 109(s);
                          ``(iv) for any element of vision zero 
                        planning described under section 1601 of the 
                        INVEST in America Act and to implement an 
                        existing vision zero plan;
                          ``(v) for other activities in furtherance of 
                        the vulnerable road user safety assessment of 
                        the State or the metropolitan planning 
                        organization described under subsection (l); 
                        and
                          ``(vi) for any other project, program, or 
                        plan eligible under this section that provides 
                        for the safe and adequate accommodation of all 
                        users of the surface transportation network, as 
                        determined by the Secretary.
                  ``(B) Special rule.--If a State or metropolitan 
                planning organization demonstrates to the satisfaction 
                of the Secretary that such State or metropolitan 
                planning organization has met all its needs for 
                vulnerable road user safety under this section, the 
                State or metropolitan planning organization may use 
                funds made available under this subsection for other 
                highway safety improvement program purposes, subject to 
                the suballocation under paragraph (2). The Secretary 
                may not make a determination under this subparagraph if 
                the State or metropolitan planning organization has 
                been subject to the special rule described in 
                subsection (g)(3) within the last 5 years.''.

SEC. 1219. YOUTH SERVICE AND CONSERVATION CORPS.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 211 (as added by this Act) the 
following:

``Sec. 212. Use of youth service and conservation corps

  ``(a) In General.--The Secretary may allow and shall encourage 
project sponsors to enter into contracts and cooperative agreements 
with qualified youth service or conservation corps, as described in 
sections 122(a)(2) of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 
(42 U.S.C. 12572(a)(2)) and 106(c)(3) of the National and Community 
Service Trust Act of 1993 (42 U.S.C. 12656(c)(3)) to perform 
appropriate projects eligible under sections 133(h), 162, 206, and 211.
  ``(b) Requirements.--Under any contract or cooperative agreement 
entered into with a qualified youth service or conservation corps under 
this section, the Secretary shall--
          ``(1) set the amount of a living allowance or rate of pay for 
        each participant in such corps at--
                  ``(A) such amount or rate as required under State law 
                in a State with such requirements; or
                  ``(B) for corps in States not described in 
                subparagraph (A), at such amount or rate as determined 
                by the Secretary, not to exceed the maximum living 
                allowance authorized by section 140 of the National and 
                Community Service Act of 1990 (42 U.S.C. 12594); and
          ``(2) not subject such corps to the requirements of section 
        112.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 211 (as added by this Act) the following:

``212. Use of youth service and conservation corps.''.

                 Subtitle C--Project-Level Investments

SEC. 1301. PROJECTS OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL SIGNIFICANCE.

  (a) In General.--Section 117 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 117. Projects of national and regional significance

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a projects of 
national and regional significance program under which the Secretary 
may make grants to, and establish multiyear grant agreements with, 
eligible entities in accordance with this section.
  ``(b) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, 
an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application in such 
form, in such manner, and containing such information as the Secretary 
may require.
  ``(c) Grant Amounts and Project Costs.--
          ``(1) In general.--Each grant made under this section--
                  ``(A) shall be in an amount that is at least 
                $25,000,000; and
                  ``(B) shall be for a project that has eligible 
                project costs that are reasonably anticipated to equal 
                or exceed the lesser of--
                          ``(i) $100,000,000; or
                          ``(ii) in the case of a project--
                                  ``(I) located in 1 State or 
                                territory, 30 percent of the amount 
                                apportioned under this chapter to the 
                                State or territory in the most recently 
                                completed fiscal year; or
                                  ``(II) located in more than 1 State 
                                or territory, 50 percent of the amount 
                                apportioned under this chapter to the 
                                participating State or territory with 
                                the largest apportionment under this 
                                chapter in the most recently completed 
                                fiscal year.
          ``(2) Large projects.--For a project that has eligible 
        project costs that are reasonably anticipated to equal or 
        exceed $500,000,000, a grant made under this section--
                  ``(A) shall be in an amount sufficient to fully fund 
                the project, or in the case of a public transportation 
                project, a minimum operable segment, in combination 
                with other funding sources, including non-Federal 
                financial commitment, identified in the application; 
                and
                  ``(B) may be awarded pursuant to the process under 
                subsection (d), as necessary based on the amount of the 
                grant.
  ``(d) Multiyear Grant Agreements for Large Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--A large project that receives a grant 
        under this section may be carried out through a multiyear grant 
        agreement in accordance with this subsection.
          ``(2) Requirements.--A multiyear grant agreement for a large 
        project shall--
                  ``(A) establish the terms of participation by the 
                Federal Government in the project;
                  ``(B) establish the amount of Federal financial 
                assistance for the project;
                  ``(C) establish a schedule of anticipated Federal 
                obligations for the project that provides for 
                obligation of the full grant amount by not later than 4 
                fiscal years after the fiscal year in which the initial 
                amount is provided; and
                  ``(D) determine the period of time for completing the 
                project, even if such period extends beyond the period 
                of an authorization.
          ``(3) Special rules.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A multiyear grant agreement under 
                this subsection--
                          ``(i) shall obligate an amount of available 
                        budget authority specified in law; and
                          ``(ii) may include a commitment, contingent 
                        on amounts to be specified in law in advance 
                        for commitments under this paragraph, to 
                        obligate an additional amount from future 
                        available budget authority specified in law.
                  ``(B) Contingent commitment.--A contingent commitment 
                under this subsection is not an obligation of the 
                Federal Government under section 1501 of title 31.
                  ``(C) Interest and other financing costs.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Interest and other 
                        financing costs of carrying out a part of the 
                        project within a reasonable time shall be 
                        considered a cost of carrying out the project 
                        under a multiyear grant agreement, except that 
                        eligible costs may not be more than the cost of 
                        the most favorable financing terms reasonably 
                        available for the project at the time of 
                        borrowing.
                          ``(ii) Certification.--The applicant shall 
                        certify to the Secretary that the applicant has 
                        shown reasonable diligence in seeking the most 
                        favorable financing terms.
          ``(4) Advance payment.--An eligible entity carrying out a 
        large project under a multiyear grant agreement--
                  ``(A) may use funds made available to the eligible 
                entity under this title or title 49 for eligible 
                project costs of the large project; and
                  ``(B) shall be reimbursed, at the option of the 
                eligible entity, for such expenditures from the amount 
                made available under the multiyear grant agreement for 
                the project in that fiscal year or a subsequent fiscal 
                year.
  ``(e) Eligible Projects.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary may make a grant under this 
        section only for a project that is a project eligible for 
        assistance under this title or chapter 53 of title 49 and is--
                  ``(A) a bridge project carried out on the National 
                Highway System, or that is eligible to be carried out 
                under section 165;
                  ``(B) a project to improve person throughput that 
                is--
                          ``(i) a highway project carried out on the 
                        National Highway System, or that is eligible to 
                        be carried out under section 165;
                          ``(ii) a public transportation project; or
                          ``(iii) a capital project, as such term is 
                        defined in section 22906 of title 49, to 
                        improve intercity rail passenger 
                        transportation; or
                  ``(C) a project to improve freight throughput that 
                is--
                          ``(i) a highway freight project carried out 
                        on the National Highway Freight Network 
                        established under section 167 or on the 
                        National Highway System;
                          ``(ii) a freight intermodal, freight rail, or 
                        railway-highway grade crossing or grade 
                        separation project; or
                          ``(iii) within the boundaries of a public or 
                        private freight rail, water (including ports), 
                        or intermodal facility and that is a surface 
                        transportation infrastructure project necessary 
                        to facilitate direct intermodal interchange, 
                        transfer, or access into or out of the 
                        facility.
          ``(2) Limitation.--
                  ``(A) Certain freight projects.--Projects described 
                in clauses (ii) and (iii) of paragraph (1)(C) may 
                receive a grant under this section only if--
                          ``(i) the project will make a significant 
                        improvement to the movement of freight on the 
                        National Highway System; and
                          ``(ii) the Federal share of the project funds 
                        only elements of the project that provide 
                        public benefits.
                  ``(B) Certain projects for person throughput.--
                Projects described in clauses (ii) and (iii) of 
                paragraph (1)(B) may receive a grant under this section 
                only if the project will make a significant improvement 
                in mobility on public roads.
  ``(f) Eligible Project Costs.--An eligible entity receiving a grant 
under this section may use such grant for--
          ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        acquisition of real property (including land related to the 
        project and improvements to the land), environmental 
        mitigation, construction contingencies, acquisition of 
        equipment, and operational improvements directly related to 
        improving system performance.
  ``(g) Project Requirements.--The Secretary may select a project 
described under this section for funding under this section only if the 
Secretary determines that the project--
          ``(1) generates significant regional or national economic, 
        mobility, safety, resilience, or environmental benefits;
          ``(2) is cost effective;
          ``(3) is based on the results of preliminary engineering;
          ``(4) has secured or will secure acceptable levels of non-
        Federal financial commitments, including--
                  ``(A) one or more stable and dependable sources of 
                funding and financing to construct, maintain, and 
                operate the project; and
                  ``(B) contingency amounts to cover unanticipated cost 
                increases;
          ``(5) cannot be easily and efficiently completed without 
        additional Federal funding or financial assistance available to 
        the project sponsor, beyond existing Federal apportionments; 
        and
          ``(6) is reasonably expected to begin construction not later 
        than 18 months after the date of obligation of funds for the 
        project.
  ``(h) Merit Criteria and Considerations.--
          ``(1) Merit criteria.--In awarding a grant under this 
        section, the Secretary shall evaluate the following merit 
        criteria:
                  ``(A) The extent to which the project supports 
                achieving a state of good repair.
                  ``(B) The level of benefits the project is expected 
                to generate, including--
                          ``(i) the costs avoided by the prevention of 
                        closure or reduced use of the asset to be 
                        improved by the project;
                          ``(ii) reductions in maintenance costs over 
                        the life of the asset;
                          ``(iii) safety benefits, including the 
                        reduction of accidents and related costs;
                          ``(iv) improved person or freight throughput, 
                        including congestion reduction and reliability 
                        improvements;
                          ``(v) national and regional economic 
                        benefits;
                          ``(vi) resilience benefits, including the 
                        ability to withstand disruptions from a seismic 
                        event;
                          ``(vii) environmental benefits, including 
                        reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and air 
                        quality benefits; and
                          ``(viii) benefits to all users of the 
                        project, including pedestrian, bicycle, 
                        nonvehicular, railroad, and public 
                        transportation users.
                  ``(C) How the benefits compare to the costs of the 
                project.
                  ``(D) The average number of people or volume of 
                freight, as applicable, supported by the project, 
                including visitors based on travel and tourism.
          ``(2) Additional considerations.--In awarding a grant under 
        this section, the Secretary shall consider the following:
                  ``(A) Whether the project spans at least 1 border 
                between 2 States.
                  ``(B) Whether the project serves low-income residents 
                of low-income communities, including areas of 
                persistent poverty, while not displacing such 
                residents.
                  ``(C) Whether the project uses innovative 
                technologies, innovative design and construction 
                techniques, or pavement materials that demonstrate 
                reductions in greenhouse gas emissions through 
                sequestration or innovative manufacturing processes 
                and, if so, the degree to which such technologies, 
                techniques, or materials are used.
                  ``(D) Whether the project improves connectivity 
                between modes of transportation moving people or goods 
                in the Nation or region.
                  ``(E) Whether the project provides new or improved 
                connections between at least two metropolitan areas 
                with a population of at least 500,000.
                  ``(F) Whether the project would replace, reconstruct, 
                or rehabilitate a commuter corridor (including a high-
                commuter corridor (as such term is defined in section 
                203(a)(6))) that is in poor condition.
                  ``(G) Whether the project would improve the shared 
                transportation corridor of a multistate corridor.
  ``(i) Project Selection.--
          ``(1) Evaluation.--To evaluate applications for funding under 
        this section, the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) determine whether a project is eligible for a 
                grant under this section;
                  ``(B) evaluate, through a methodology that is 
                discernible and transparent to the public, how each 
                application addresses the merit criteria pursuant to 
                subsection (h);
                  ``(C) assign a quality rating for each merit criteria 
                for each application based on the evaluation in 
                subparagraph (B);
                  ``(D) ensure that applications receive final 
                consideration by the Secretary to receive an award 
                under this section only on the basis of such quality 
                ratings and that the Secretary gives final 
                consideration only to applications that meet the 
                minimally acceptable level for each of the merit 
                criteria; and
                  ``(E) award grants only to projects rated highly 
                under the evaluation and rating process.
          ``(2) Considerations for large projects.--In awarding a grant 
        for a large project, the Secretary shall--
                  ``(A) consider the amount of funds available in 
                future fiscal years for the program under this section; 
                and
                  ``(B) assume the availability of funds in future 
                fiscal years for the program that extend beyond the 
                period of authorization based on the amount made 
                available for the program in the last fiscal year of 
                the period of authorization.
          ``(3) Geographic distribution.--In awarding grants under this 
        section, the Secretary shall ensure geographic diversity and a 
        balance between rural and urban communities among grant 
        recipients over fiscal years 2023 through 2026.
          ``(4) Publication of methodology.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Prior to the issuance of any 
                notice of funding opportunity for grants under this 
                section, the Secretary shall publish and make publicly 
                available on the Department's website--
                          ``(i) a detailed explanation of the merit 
                        criteria developed under subsection (h);
                          ``(ii) a description of the evaluation 
                        process under this subsection; and
                          ``(iii) how the Secretary shall determine 
                        whether a project satisfies each of the 
                        requirements under subsection (g).
                  ``(B) Updates.--The Secretary shall update and make 
                publicly available on the website of the Department of 
                Transportation such information at any time a revision 
                to the information described in subparagraph (A) is 
                made.
                  ``(C) Information required.--The Secretary shall 
                include in the published notice of funding opportunity 
                for a grant under this section detailed information on 
                the rating methodology and merit criteria to be used to 
                evaluate applications, or a reference to the 
                information on the website of the Department of 
                Transportation, as required by subparagraph (A).
  ``(j) Federal Share.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
        carried out with a grant under this section may not exceed 60 
        percent.
          ``(2) Maximum federal involvement.--Federal assistance other 
        than a grant under this section may be used to satisfy the non-
        Federal share of the cost of a project for which such a grant 
        is made, except that the total Federal assistance provided for 
        a project receiving a grant under this section may not exceed 
        80 percent of the total project cost.
  ``(k) Bridge Investments.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
this section, the Secretary shall reserve not less than $1,000,000,000 
in each fiscal year to make grants for projects described in subsection 
(e)(1)(A).
  ``(l) Treatment of Projects.--
          ``(1) Federal requirements.--The Secretary shall, with 
        respect to a project funded by a grant under this section, 
        apply--
                  ``(A) the requirements of this title to a highway 
                project;
                  ``(B) the requirements of chapter 53 of title 49 to a 
                public transportation project; and
                  ``(C) the requirements of section 22905 of title 49 
                to a passenger rail or freight rail project.
          ``(2) Multimodal projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                this paragraph, if an eligible project is a multimodal 
                project, the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) determine the predominant modal 
                        component of the project; and
                          ``(ii) apply the applicable requirements of 
                        such predominant modal component to the 
                        project.
                  ``(B) Exceptions.--
                          ``(i) Passenger or freight rail component.--
                        For any passenger or freight rail component of 
                        a project, the requirements of section 
                        22907(j)(2) of title 49 shall apply.
                          ``(ii) Public transportation component.--For 
                        any public transportation component of a 
                        project, the requirements of section 5333 of 
                        title 49 shall apply.
                  ``(C) Buy america.--In applying the Buy America 
                requirements under section 313 of this title and 
                sections 5320, 22905(a), and 24305(f) of title 49 to a 
                multimodal project under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) consider the various modal components 
                        of the project; and
                          ``(ii) seek to maximize domestic jobs.
  ``(m) TIFIA Program.--At the request of an eligible entity under this 
section, the Secretary may use amounts awarded to the entity to pay 
subsidy and administrative costs necessary to provide the entity 
Federal credit assistance under chapter 6 with respect to the project 
for which the grant was awarded.
  ``(n) Administration.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
this section, the Secretary may use up to $5,000,000 in each fiscal 
year for the costs of administering the program under this section.
  ``(o) Technical Assistance.--Of the amounts made available to carry 
out this section, the Secretary may reserve up to $5,000,000 to provide 
technical assistance to eligible entities.
  ``(p) Congressional Review.--
          ``(1) Notification.--Not less than 60 days before making an 
        award under this section, the Secretary shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, 
        and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of 
        the Senate--
                  ``(A) a list of all applications determined to be 
                eligible for a grant by the Secretary;
                  ``(B) the quality ratings assigned to each 
                application pursuant to subsection (i);
                  ``(C) a list of applications that received final 
                consideration by the Secretary to receive an award 
                under this section;
                  ``(D) each application proposed to be selected for a 
                grant award;
                  ``(E) proposed grant amounts, including for each new 
                multiyear grant agreement, the proposed payout schedule 
                for the project; and
                  ``(F) an analysis of the impacts of any large 
                projects proposed to be selected on existing 
                commitments and anticipated funding levels for the next 
                4 fiscal years, based on information available to the 
                Secretary at the time of the report.
          ``(2) Committee review.--Before the last day of the 60-day 
        period described in paragraph (1), each Committee described in 
        paragraph (1) shall review the Secretary's list of proposed 
        projects.
          ``(3) Congressional disapproval.--The Secretary may not make 
        a grant or any other obligation or commitment to fund a project 
        under this section if a joint resolution is enacted 
        disapproving funding for the project before the last day of the 
        60-day period described in paragraph (1).
  ``(q) Transparency.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after awarding a 
        grant for a project under this section, the Secretary shall 
        send to all applicants, and publish on the website of the 
        Department of Transportation--
                  ``(A) a summary of each application made to the 
                program for the grant application period; and
                  ``(B) the evaluation and justification for the 
                project selection, including ratings assigned to all 
                applications and a list of applications that received 
                final consideration by the Secretary to receive an 
                award under this section, for the grant application 
                period.
          ``(2) Briefing.--The Secretary shall provide, at the request 
        of a grant applicant under this section, the opportunity to 
        receive a briefing to explain any reasons the grant applicant 
        was not awarded a grant.
  ``(r) Definition of Eligible Entity.--In this section, the term 
`eligible entity' means--
          ``(1) a State or a group of States;
          ``(2) a unit of local government, including a metropolitan 
        planning organization, or a group of local governments;
          ``(3) a political subdivision of a State or local government;
          ``(4) a special purpose district or public authority with a 
        transportation function, including a port authority;
          ``(5) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
          ``(6) a Federal agency eligible to receive funds under 
        section 201, 203, or 204, including the Army Corps of 
        Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and the Bureau of Land 
        Management, that applies jointly with a State or group of 
        States;
          ``(7) a territory; and
          ``(8) a multistate or multijurisdictional group of entities 
        described in this paragraph.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to section 
117 and inserting the following:

``117. Projects of national and regional significance.''.

SEC. 1302. COMMUNITY TRANSPORTATION INVESTMENT GRANT PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, as 
amended by this title, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following:

``Sec. 173. Community transportation investment grant program

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a community 
transportation investment grant program to improve surface 
transportation safety, state of good repair, accessibility, and 
environmental quality through infrastructure investments.
  ``(b) Grant Authority.--
          ``(1) In general.--In carrying out the program established 
        under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make grants, on a 
        competitive basis, to eligible entities in accordance with this 
        section.
          ``(2) Grant amount.--The maximum amount of a grant under this 
        section shall be $25,000,000.
  ``(c) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, 
an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application in such 
form, at such time, and containing such information as the Secretary 
may require.
  ``(d) Eligible Project Costs.--Grant amounts for an eligible project 
carried out under this section may be used for--
          ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        acquisition of real property (including land related to the 
        project and improvements to such land), environmental 
        mitigation, construction contingencies, acquisition of 
        equipment, and operational improvements.
  ``(e) Rural and Community Setasides.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall reserve--
                  ``(A) not less than 25 percent of the amounts made 
                available to carry out this section for projects 
                located in rural areas; and
                  ``(B) not less than 25 percent of the amounts made 
                available to carry out this section for projects 
                located in areas with a population greater than 74,999 
                individuals and fewer than 200,001 individuals.
          ``(2) Definition of rural area.--In this subsection, the term 
        `rural area' means all areas of a State or territory that are 
        outside of an urbanized area with a population greater than 
        74,999 individuals, as determined by the Bureau of the Census.
          ``(3) Excess funding.--If the Secretary determines that there 
        are insufficient qualified applicants to use the funds set 
        aside under this subsection, the Secretary may use such funds 
        for grants for any projects eligible under this section.
  ``(f) Evaluation.--To evaluate applications under this section, the 
Secretary shall--
          ``(1) develop a process to objectively evaluate applications 
        on the benefits of the project proposed in such application--
                  ``(A) to transportation safety, including reductions 
                in traffic fatalities and serious injuries;
                  ``(B) to state of good repair, including improved 
                condition of bridges and pavements;
                  ``(C) to transportation system access, including 
                improved access to jobs and services; and
                  ``(D) in reducing greenhouse gas emissions;
          ``(2) develop a rating system to assign a numeric value to 
        each application, based on each of the criteria described in 
        paragraph (1);
          ``(3) for each application submitted, compare the total 
        benefits of the proposed project, as determined by the rating 
        system developed under paragraph (2), with the costs of such 
        project, and rank each application based on the results of the 
        comparison; and
          ``(4) ensure that only such applications that are ranked 
        highly based on the results of the comparison conducted under 
        paragraph (3) are considered to receive a grant under this 
        section.
  ``(g) Weighting.--In establishing the evaluation process under 
subsection (f), the Secretary may assign different weights to the 
criteria described in subsection (f)(1) based on project type, 
population served by a project, and other context-sensitive 
considerations, provided that--
          ``(1) each application is rated on all criteria described in 
        subsection (f)(1); and
          ``(2) each application has the same possible minimum and 
        maximum rating, regardless of any differences in the weighting 
        of criteria.
  ``(h) Transparency.--
          ``(1) Publicly available information.--Prior to the issuance 
        of any notice of funding opportunity under this section, the 
        Secretary shall make publicly available on the website of the 
        Department of Transportation a detailed explanation of the 
        evaluation and rating process developed under subsection (f), 
        including any differences in the weighting of criteria pursuant 
        to subsection (g), if applicable, and update such website for 
        each revision of the evaluation and rating process.
          ``(2) Notifications to congress.--The Secretary shall submit 
        to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
        House of Representatives, the Committee on Environment and 
        Public Works of the Senate, the Committee on Banking, Housing, 
        and Urban Affairs of the Senate, and the Committee on Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate the following written 
        notifications:
                  ``(A) A notification when the Secretary publishes or 
                updates the information required under paragraph (1).
                  ``(B) Not later than 30 days prior to the date on 
                which the Secretary awards a grant under this section, 
                a notification that includes--
                          ``(i) the ratings of each application 
                        submitted pursuant to subsection (f)(2);
                          ``(ii) the ranking of each application 
                        submitted pursuant to subsection (f)(3); and
                          ``(iii) a list of all applications that 
                        receive final consideration by the Secretary to 
                        receive an award under this section pursuant to 
                        subsection (f)(4).
                  ``(C) Not later than 3 business days prior to the 
                date on which the Secretary announces the award of a 
                grant under this section, a notification describing 
                each grant to be awarded, including the amount and the 
                recipient.
  ``(i) Technical Assistance.--Of the amounts made available to carry 
out this section, the Secretary may reserve up to $3,000,000 in each 
fiscal year to provide technical assistance to eligible entities.
  ``(j) Administration.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
this section, the Secretary may reserve up to $5,000,000 for the 
administrative costs of carrying out the program under this section.
  ``(k) Treatment of Projects.--
          ``(1) Federal requirements.--The Secretary shall, with 
        respect to a project funded by a grant under this section, 
        apply--
                  ``(A) the requirements of this title to a highway 
                project;
                  ``(B) the requirements of chapter 53 of title 49 to a 
                public transportation project; and
                  ``(C) the requirements of section 22905 of title 49 
                to a passenger rail or freight rail project.
          ``(2) Multimodal projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                this paragraph, if an eligible project is a multimodal 
                project, the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) determine the predominant modal 
                        component of the project; and
                          ``(ii) apply the applicable requirements of 
                        such predominant modal component to the 
                        project.
                  ``(B) Exceptions.--
                          ``(i) Passenger or freight rail component.--
                        For any passenger or freight rail component of 
                        a project, the requirements of section 
                        22907(j)(2) of title 49 shall apply.
                          ``(ii) Public transportation component.--For 
                        any public transportation component of a 
                        project, the requirements of section 5333 of 
                        title 49 shall apply.
                  ``(C) Buy america.--In applying the Buy America 
                requirements under section 313 of this title and 
                sections 5320, 22905(a), and 24305(f) of title 49 to a 
                multimodal project under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) consider the various modal components 
                        of the project; and
                          ``(ii) seek to maximize domestic jobs.
  ``(l) Transparency.--
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after awarding a 
        grant for a project under this section, the Secretary shall 
        send to all applicants, and publish on the website of the 
        Department of Transportation--
                  ``(A) a summary of each application made to the 
                program for the grant application period; and
                  ``(B) the evaluation and justification for the 
                project selection, including ratings and rankings 
                assigned to all applications and a list of applications 
                that received final consideration by the Secretary to 
                receive an award under this section, for the grant 
                application period.
          ``(2) Briefing.--The Secretary shall provide, at the request 
        of a grant applicant under this section, the opportunity to 
        receive a briefing to explain any reasons the grant applicant 
        was not awarded a grant.
  ``(m) Definitions.--In this section:
          ``(1) Eligible entity.--The term `eligible entity' means--
                  ``(A) a metropolitan planning organization;
                  ``(B) a unit of local government;
                  ``(C) a transit agency;
                  ``(D) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
                  ``(E) a multijurisdictional group of entities 
                described in this paragraph;
                  ``(F) a special purpose district with a 
                transportation function or a port authority;
                  ``(G) a territory; or
                  ``(H) a State that applies for a grant under this 
                section jointly with an entity described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (G).
          ``(2) Eligible project.--The term `eligible project' means 
        any project eligible under this title or chapter 53 of title 
        49.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is further amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``173. Community transportation investment grant program.''.

SEC. 1303. CLEAN CORRIDORS PROGRAM.

  (a) Purpose.--The purpose of this section is to establish a formula 
program to strategically deploy electric vehicle charging 
infrastructure along designated alternative fuel corridors that will be 
accessible to all drivers of electric vehicles.
  (b) National Electric Vehicle Charging and Hydrogen, Propane, and 
Natural Gas Fueling Corridors.--Section 151 of title 23, United States 
Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``Not later than 1 year 
        after the date of enactment of the FAST Act, the Secretary 
        shall'' and inserting ``The Secretary shall periodically'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(2) by inserting ``previously designated 
        by the Federal Highway Administration or'' after ``fueling 
        corridors'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) by striking ``Not later than'' and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) In general.--Not later than'';
                  (B) by striking ``5 years after the date of 
                establishment of the corridors under subsection (a), 
                and every 5 years thereafter'' and inserting ``180 days 
                after the date of enactment of the INVEST in America 
                Act'';
                  (C) by inserting ``establish a recurring process to 
                regularly'' after ``the Secretary shall''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(2) Freight corridors.--Not later than 1 year after the 
        date of enactment of the INVEST in America Act, the Secretary 
        shall designate national electric vehicle charging and hydrogen 
        fueling freight corridors that identify the near- and long-term 
        need for, and the location of, electric vehicle charging and 
        hydrogen fueling infrastructure to support freight and goods 
        movement at strategic locations along major national highways, 
        the National Highway Freight Network, and goods movement 
        locations including ports, intermodal centers, and warehousing 
        locations.'';
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``establishes an aspirational 
                        goal of achieving'' and inserting ``describes 
                        efforts to achieve''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``by the end of fiscal year 
                        2020.'' and inserting ``, including progress on 
                        the implementation of subsection (f); and'';
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) summarizes best practices and provides guidance, 
        developed through consultation with the Secretary of Energy, 
        for project development of electric vehicle charging 
        infrastructure to allow for the predictable deployment of such 
        infrastructure.''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Clean Corridors Program.--
          ``(1) Establishment.--There is established a clean corridors 
        program (referred to in this subsection as the ``Program'') to 
        provide funding to States to strategically deploy electric 
        vehicle charging and hydrogen fueling infrastructure along 
        alternative fuel corridors and to establish an interconnected 
        network to facilitate data collection, access, and reliability.
          ``(2) Purpose.--The purpose of the Program is to provide 
        funding for--
                  ``(A) the acquisition and installation of electric 
                vehicle charging infrastructure and hydrogen fueling 
                infrastructure to serve as a catalyst for the 
                deployment of such infrastructure and to connect it to 
                a network to facilitate data collection, access, and 
                reliability;
                  ``(B) proper operation and maintenance of electric 
                vehicle charging infrastructure; and
                  ``(C) data sharing about charging and fueling 
                infrastructure to ensure the long-term success of 
                investments made through the Program.
          ``(3) Alternative distribution of funds.--
                  ``(A) Plan.--The Secretary shall establish a deadline 
                by which a State shall provide a plan to the Secretary, 
                in such form and such manner that the Secretary 
                requires, describing how such State intends to use its 
                allocation under this section.
                  ``(B) Efficient obligation of funds.--If a State 
                fails to submit the plan required by subparagraph (A) 
                to the Secretary in a timely manner, or if the 
                Secretary determines a State has not taken sufficient 
                action to carry out its plan, the Secretary may--
                          ``(i) withdraw from the State the funds that 
                        were apportioned to the State for a fiscal year 
                        under section 104(b)(10);
                          ``(ii) award such funds on a competitive 
                        basis to local units of government within the 
                        State for use on projects that meet the 
                        eligibility requirements described in paragraph 
                        (4); and
                          ``(iii) ensure timely obligation of such 
                        funds.
                  ``(C) Redistribution among states.--If the Secretary 
                determines that any funds withdrawn from a State under 
                subparagraph (B)(i) cannot be fully awarded to local 
                units of government within the State under subparagraph 
                (B)(ii) in a manner consistent with the purpose of this 
                subsection, any such funds remaining under subparagraph 
                (B)(i) shall be--
                          ``(i) apportioned among other States (except 
                        States for which funds for that fiscal year 
                        have been withdrawn under subparagraph (B)(i)) 
                        in the same ratio as funds apportioned for that 
                        fiscal year under section 104(b)(10)(C) for the 
                        Program; and
                          ``(ii) only available to carry out this 
                        section.
          ``(4) Eligible projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Funding made available under this 
                subsection shall be for projects--
                          ``(i) directly related to the electric 
                        charging or hydrogen fueling of a vehicle; and
                          ``(ii) only for infrastructure that is open 
                        to the general public or to authorized 
                        commercial motor vehicle operators from more 
                        than 1 company.
                  ``(B) Location of infrastructure.--
                          ``(i) In general.--Any charging or fueling 
                        infrastructure acquired or installed with 
                        funding under this subsection shall be located 
                        along an alternative fuel corridor.
                          ``(ii) Guidance.--Not later than 90 days 
                        after the date of enactment of the INVEST in 
                        America Act, the Secretary of Transportation, 
                        in coordination with the Secretary of Energy, 
                        shall develop guidance for States and 
                        localities to strategically deploy charging and 
                        fueling infrastructure along alternative fuel 
                        corridors, consistent with this section.
                          ``(iii) Additional considerations.--In 
                        developing the guidance required under clause 
                        (ii), the Secretary of Transportation, in 
                        coordination with the Secretary of Energy, 
                        shall consider--
                                  ``(I) the distance between publicly 
                                available charging and fueling 
                                infrastructure eligible under this 
                                section;
                                  ``(II) connections to the electric 
                                grid or fuel distribution system, 
                                including electric distribution 
                                upgrades, vehicle-to-grid integration, 
                                including smart charge management or 
                                other protocols that can minimize 
                                impacts to the electric grid, and 
                                alignment with electric distribution 
                                interconnection processes;
                                  ``(III) plans to protect the electric 
                                grid from added load of charging 
                                distribution systems from adverse 
                                impacts of changing load patterns, 
                                including through on site storage;
                                  ``(IV) plans for the use of renewable 
                                energy sources to power charging, 
                                energy storage, and hydrogen fuel 
                                production;
                                  ``(V) the proximity of existing off-
                                highway travel centers, fuel retailers, 
                                and small businesses to electric 
                                vehicle charging infrastructure 
                                acquired or funded under this 
                                subsection;
                                  ``(VI) the need for publicly 
                                available electric vehicle charging 
                                infrastructure in rural corridors;
                                  ``(VII) the long-term operation and 
                                maintenance of publicly available 
                                electric vehicle charging 
                                infrastructure to avoid stranded assets 
                                and protect the investment of public 
                                funds in that infrastructure;
                                  ``(VIII) existing private, national, 
                                State, local, Tribal, and territorial 
                                government electric vehicle charging 
                                infrastructure programs and incentives;
                                  ``(IX) fostering enhanced, 
                                coordinated, public-private or private 
                                investment in charging and fueling 
                                infrastructure;
                                  ``(X) ensuring consumer protection 
                                and pricing transparency;
                                  ``(XI) the availability of onsite 
                                amenities for vehicle operators, 
                                including restrooms or food facilities; 
                                and
                                  ``(XII) any other factors, as 
                                determined by the Secretary.
          ``(5) Eligible project costs.--Subject to paragraph (6), 
        funds made available under this subsection may be used for--
                  ``(A) the acquisition or installation of electric 
                vehicle charging or hydrogen fueling infrastructure;
                  ``(B) operating assistance for costs allocable to 
                operating and maintaining infrastructure acquired or 
                installed under this subsection, for a period not to 
                exceed five years;
                  ``(C) the acquisition or installation of traffic 
                control devices located in the right-of-way to provide 
                directional information to infrastructure acquired, 
                installed, or operated under this subsection; or
                  ``(D) on-premises signs to provide information about 
                infrastructure acquired, installed, or operated under 
                this subsection.
          ``(6) Guidance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of the INVEST in America Act, the Secretary of 
        Transportation, in coordination with the Secretary of Energy, 
        shall, as appropriate, publish guidance for public comment 
        related to--
                  ``(A) the installation, operation, or maintenance by 
                qualified technicians of electric vehicle charging 
                infrastructure under this subsection;
                  ``(B) the physical and payment interoperability of 
                electric vehicle charging infrastructure under this 
                subsection;
                  ``(C) any traffic control device or on-premises sign 
                acquired, installed, or operated under this subsection;
                  ``(D) any data requested by the Secretary related to 
                a project funded under this subsection, including the 
                format and schedule for the submission of such data; 
                and
                  ``(E) network connectivity of electric vehicle 
                charging that includes measures to protect personal 
                privacy and ensure cybersecurity.
          ``(7) Federal share.--The Federal share payable for the cost 
        of a project funded under this subsection shall be 80 percent.
          ``(8) Period of availability.--Notwithstanding section 
        118(b), funds made available for the Program shall be available 
        until expended.
          ``(9) Additional assistance grants.--For each of fiscal years 
        2023 through 2026, before making an apportionment under section 
        104(b)(10), the Secretary shall set aside, from amounts made 
        available to carry out the clean corridors program under this 
        subsection, $100,000,000 for grants to States or localities 
        that require additional assistance to strategically deploy 
        infrastructure eligible under this subsection along alternative 
        fuel corridors to fill gaps in the national charging network, 
        including in rural areas.
          ``(10) Definition of alternative fuel corridors.--In this 
        subsection, the term `alternative fuel corridors' means a fuel 
        corridor--
                  ``(A) designated under subsection (a); or
                  ``(B) equivalent to a fuel corridor described under 
                such subsection that is designated, after consultation 
                with any affected Indian Tribes or Tribal 
                organizations, by a State or group of States.''.

SEC. 1304. COMMUNITY CLIMATE INNOVATION GRANTS.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code, as 
amended by this title, is further amended by inserting after section 
171 the following:

``Sec. 172. Community climate innovation grants

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a community 
climate innovation grant program (in this section referred to as the 
`Program') to make grants, on a competitive basis, for locally selected 
projects that reduce greenhouse gas emissions while improving the 
mobility, accessibility, and connectivity of the surface transportation 
system.
  ``(b) Purpose.--The purpose of the Program shall be to support 
communities in reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the surface 
transportation system.
  ``(c) Eligible Applicants.--The Secretary may make grants under the 
Program to the following entities:
          ``(1) A metropolitan planning organization.
          ``(2) A unit of local government or a group of local 
        governments, or a county or multi-county special district.
          ``(3) A subdivision of a local government.
          ``(4) A transit agency.
          ``(5) A special purpose district with a transportation 
        function or a port authority.
          ``(6) An Indian Tribe or Tribal organization.
          ``(7) A territory.
          ``(8) A multijurisdictional group of entities described in 
        paragraphs (1) through (7).
  ``(d) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under the Program, an 
entity specified in subsection (c) shall submit to the Secretary an 
application in such form, at such time, and containing such information 
as the Secretary determines appropriate.
  ``(e) Eligible Projects.--The Secretary may only provide a grant 
under the Program for a project that is expected to yield a significant 
reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from the surface transportation 
system and--
          ``(1) is a project eligible for assistance under this title 
        or under chapter 53 of title 49, or is a capital project for 
        vehicles and facilities, whether publicly or privately owned, 
        that are used to provide intercity passenger service by bus; or
          ``(2) is a capital project as defined in section 22906 of 
        title 49 to improve intercity passenger rail that will yield a 
        significant reduction in single occupant vehicle trips and 
        improve mobility on public roads.
  ``(f) Eligible Uses.--Grant amounts received for a project under the 
Program may be used for--
          ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          ``(2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, 
        acquisition of real property (including land related to the 
        project and improvements to the land), environmental 
        mitigation, construction contingencies, acquisition of 
        equipment, and operational improvements.
  ``(g) Project Prioritization.--In making grants for projects under 
the Program, the Secretary shall give priority to projects that are 
expected to yield the most significant reductions in greenhouse gas 
emissions from the surface transportation system.
  ``(h) Additional Considerations.--In making grants for projects under 
the Program, the Secretary shall consider the extent to which--
          ``(1) a project maximizes greenhouse gas reductions in a 
        cost-effective manner;
          ``(2) a project reduces dependence on single-occupant vehicle 
        trips or provides additional transportation options;
          ``(3) a project improves the connectivity and accessibility 
        of the surface transportation system, particularly to low- and 
        zero-emission forms of transportation, including public 
        transportation, walking, and bicycling;
          ``(4) an applicant has adequately considered or will 
        adequately consider, including through the opportunity for 
        public comment, the environmental justice and equity impacts of 
        the project;
          ``(5) a project contributes to geographic diversity among 
        grant recipients, including to achieve a balance between urban, 
        suburban, and rural communities;
          ``(6) a project serves low-income residents of low-income 
        communities, including areas of persistent poverty, while not 
        displacing such residents;
          ``(7) a project uses pavement materials that demonstrate 
        reductions in greenhouse gas emissions through sequestration or 
        innovative manufacturing processes;
          ``(8) a project repurposes neglected or underused 
        infrastructure, including abandoned highways, bridges, 
        railways, trail ways, and adjacent underused spaces, into new 
        hybrid forms of public space that support multiple modes of 
        transportation; and
          ``(9) a project includes regional multimodal transportation 
        system management and operations elements that will improve the 
        effectiveness of such project and encourage reduction of single 
        occupancy trips by providing the ability of users to plan, use, 
        and pay for multimodal transportation alternatives.
  ``(i) Funding.--
          ``(1) Maximum amount.--The maximum amount of a grant under 
        the Program shall be $25,000,000.
          ``(2) Technical assistance.--Of the amounts made available to 
        carry out the Program, the Secretary may use up to 1 percent to 
        provide technical assistance to applicants and potential 
        applicants.
  ``(j) Treatment of Projects.--
          ``(1) Federal requirements.--The Secretary shall, with 
        respect to a project funded by a grant under this section, 
        apply--
                  ``(A) the requirements of this title to a highway 
                project;
                  ``(B) the requirements of chapter 53 of title 49 to a 
                public transportation project; and
                  ``(C) the requirements of section 22905 of title 49 
                to a passenger rail or freight rail project.
          ``(2) Multimodal projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in 
                this paragraph, if an eligible project is a multimodal 
                project, the Secretary shall--
                          ``(i) determine the predominant modal 
                        component of the project; and
                          ``(ii) apply the applicable requirements of 
                        such predominant modal component to the 
                        project.
                  ``(B) Exceptions.--
                          ``(i) Passenger or freight rail component.--
                        For any passenger or freight rail component of 
                        a project, the requirements of section 
                        22907(j)(2) of title 49 shall apply.
                          ``(ii) Public transportation component.--For 
                        any public transportation component of a 
                        project, the requirements of section 5333 of 
                        title 49 shall apply.
                  ``(C) Buy america.--In applying the Buy America 
                requirements under section 313 of this title and 
                sections 5320, 22905(a), and 24305(f) of title 49 to a 
                multimodal project under this paragraph, the Secretary 
                shall--
                          ``(i) consider the various modal components 
                        of the project; and
                          ``(ii) seek to maximize domestic jobs.
  ``(k) Single-Occupancy Vehicle Highway Facilities.--None of the funds 
provided under this section may be used for a project that will result 
in the construction of new capacity available to single occupant 
vehicles unless the project consists of a high-occupancy vehicle 
facility and is consistent with section 166.
  ``(l) Public Comment.--Prior to issuing the notice of funding 
opportunity for funding under this section for fiscal year 2023, the 
Secretary, in consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, shall solicit public comment on the method of 
determining the significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions 
required under subsection (e).
  ``(m) Consultation.--Prior to making an award under this section in a 
given fiscal year, the Secretary shall consult with the Administrator 
of the Environmental Protection Agency to determine which projects are 
expected to yield a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions 
as required under subsection (e).
  ``(n) Rural Set-aside.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall set aside not less 
        than 10 percent of the amounts made available to carry out this 
        section for projects located in rural areas.
          ``(2) Definition of rural area.--In this subsection, the term 
        `rural area' means all areas of a State or territory that are 
        outside of an urbanized area with a population greater than 
        74,999 individuals, as determined by the Bureau of the 
        Census.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 1 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 171 the following:

``172. Community climate innovation grants.''.

SEC. 1305. METRO PERFORMANCE PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish a 
metro performance program in accordance with this section to enhance 
local decision making and provide enhanced local control in 
transportation project delivery.
  (b) Direct Recipient Designation.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall designate high-
        performing metropolitan planning organizations based on the 
        criteria in paragraph (3) to be direct recipients of funds 
        under this section.
          (2) Authority.--Nothing in this section shall be construed to 
        prohibit a direct recipient from taking any action otherwise 
        authorized to secure and expend Federal funds authorized under 
        chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.
          (3) Criteria.--In designating an applicant under this 
        subsection, the Secretary shall consider--
                  (A) the legal, financial, and technical capacity of 
                the applicant;
                  (B) the level of coordination between the applicant 
                and--
                          (i) the State department of transportation of 
                        the State or States in which the metropolitan 
                        planning area represented by the applicant is 
                        located;
                          (ii) local governments and providers of 
                        public transportation within the metropolitan 
                        planning area represented by the applicant; and
                          (iii) if more than one metropolitan planning 
                        organization is designated within an urbanized 
                        area represented by the applicant, any other 
                        such metropolitan planning organization;
                  (C) in the case of an applicant that represents an 
                urbanized area population of greater than 200,000, the 
                effectiveness of project delivery and timely obligation 
                of funds made available under section 133(d)(1)(A)(i) 
                of title 23, United States Code;
                  (D) if the applicant or a local government within the 
                metropolitan planning area that the applicant 
                represents has been the recipient of a discretionary 
                grant from the Secretary within the preceding 5 years, 
                the administration of such grant;
                  (E) the extent to which the planning and decision 
                making process of the applicant, including the long-
                range transportation plan and the approved 
                transportation improvement program under section 134 of 
                such title, support--
                          (i) the performance goals established under 
                        section 150(b) of such title; and
                          (ii) the achievement of metropolitan or 
                        statewide performance targets established under 
                        section 150(d) of such title;
                  (F) whether the applicant is a designated recipient 
                of funds as described under subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                of section 5302(4) of title 49, United States Code, or 
                a direct recipient of funds under section 5307 of such 
                title from the Federal Transit Administration; and
                  (G) any other criteria established by the Secretary.
          (4) Requirements.--
                  (A) Call for nomination.--Not later than February 1, 
                2022, the Secretary shall publish in the Federal 
                Register a notice soliciting applications for 
                designation under this subsection.
                  (B) Guidance.--The notification under paragraph (1) 
                shall include guidance on the requirements and 
                responsibilities of a direct recipient under this 
                section, including implementing regulations.
                  (C) Determination.--The Secretary shall make all 
                designations under this section for fiscal year 2023 
                not later than June 1, 2022.
          (5) Term.--Except as provided in paragraph (6), a designation 
        under this subsection shall--
                  (A) be for a period of not less than 5 years; and
                  (B) be renewable.
          (6) Termination.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary shall establish 
                procedures for the termination of a designation under 
                this subsection.
                  (B) Considerations.--In establishing procedures under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall consider--
                          (i) with respect to projects carried out 
                        under this section, compliance with the 
                        requirements of title 23, United States Code, 
                        or chapter 53 of title 49, United States Code; 
                        and
                          (ii) the obligation rate of any funds--
                                  (I) made available under this 
                                section; and
                                  (II) in the case of a metropolitan 
                                planning organization that represents a 
                                metropolitan planning area with an 
                                urbanized area population of greater 
                                than 200,000, made available under 
                                section 133(d)(1)(A)(i) of title 23, 
                                United States Code.
  (c) Use of Funds.--
          (1) Eligible projects.--Funds made available under this 
        section may be obligated for the purposes described in section 
        133(b) of title 23, United States Code.
          (2) Administrative expenses and technical assistance.--Of the 
        amounts made available under this section, the Secretary may 
        set aside not more than $5,000,000 in each of fiscal years 2023 
        through 2026 for program management, oversight, and technical 
        assistance to direct recipients.
  (d) Responsibilities of Direct Recipients.--
          (1) Direct availability of funds.--Notwithstanding title 23, 
        United States Code, the amounts made available under this 
        section shall be allocated to each direct recipient for 
        obligation.
          (2) Distribution of amounts among direct recipients.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), on the 
                first day of the fiscal year for which funds are made 
                available under this section, the Secretary shall 
                allocate such funds to each direct recipient as the 
                proportion of the population (as determined by data 
                collected by the Bureau of the Census) of the urbanized 
                area represented by any 1 direct recipient bears to the 
                total population of all of urbanized areas represented 
                by all direct recipients.
                  (B) Minimum and maximum amounts.--Of funds allocated 
                to direct recipients under subparagraph (A), each 
                direct recipient shall receive not less than 
                $10,000,000 and not more than $50,000,000 each fiscal 
                year.
                  (C) Minimum guaranteed amount.--In making a 
                determination whether to designate a metropolitan 
                planning organization as a direct recipient under 
                subsection (b), the Secretary shall ensure that each 
                direct recipient receives the minimum required 
                allocation under subparagraph (B).
                  (D) Additional amounts.--If any amounts remain 
                undistributed after the distribution described in this 
                subsection, such remaining amounts and an associated 
                amount of obligation limitation shall be made available 
                as if suballocated under clauses (i) and (ii) of 
                section 133(d)(1)(A) of title 23, United States Code, 
                and distributed among the States in the proportion that 
                the relative shares of the population (as determined by 
                data collected by the Bureau of the Census) of the 
                urbanized areas of each State bears to the total 
                populations of all urbanized areas across all States.
          (3) Project delivery.--
                  (A) In general.--For 1 or more projects carried out 
                with funds provided under this section, the direct 
                recipient may, consistent with the agreement entered 
                into with the Secretary under this paragraph, assume 
                the Federal-aid highway project approval and oversight 
                responsibilities vested in the State department of 
                transportation under section 106 of title 23, United 
                States Code.
                  (B) Partnership.--The direct recipient may partner 
                with a State, unit of local government, regional 
                entity, or transit agency to carry out a project under 
                this section.
                  (C) Procedural, legal, and substantive 
                requirements.--A direct recipient entering into an 
                agreement with the Secretary under this section shall 
                assume responsibility for compliance with all 
                procedural and substantive requirements as would apply 
                if that responsibility were carried out by a State, 
                unless the direct recipient or the Secretary determines 
                that such assumption of responsibility for 1 or more of 
                the procedural and substantive requirements is not 
                appropriate.
                  (D) Written agreement.--The Secretary and the direct 
                recipient shall enter into an agreement in writing 
                relating to the extent to which the direct recipient 
                assumes the responsibilities of the Secretary under 
                this paragraph. Such agreement shall be developed in 
                consultation with the State.
                  (E) Use of funds.--The direct recipient may use 
                amounts made available under this section for costs 
                incurred in implementing this paragraph and to 
                compensate a State, unit of local government, or 
                transit agency for costs incurred in providing 
                assistance under this paragraph.
                  (F) Limitations.--The direct recipient may not assume 
                responsibilities described in subparagraph (A) for any 
                project that the Secretary determines to be in a high-
                risk category, including projects on the National 
                Highway System.
  (e) Expenditure of Funds.--
          (1) Consistency with metropolitan planning.--Except as 
        otherwise provided in this section, programming and expenditure 
        of funds for projects under this section shall be consistent 
        with the requirements of section 134 of title 23, United States 
        Code, and section 5303 of title 49, United States Code.
          (2) Selection of projects.--
                  (A) In general.--Notwithstanding subsections (j)(5) 
                and (k)(4) of section 134 of title 23, United States 
                Code, or subsections (j)(5) and (k)(4) of section 5303 
                of title 49, United States Code, a direct recipient 
                shall select, from the approved transportation 
                improvement program under such sections, all projects 
                to be funded under this section, including projects on 
                the National Highway System.
                  (B) Eligible projects.--The project selection process 
                described in this subsection shall apply to all 
                federally funded projects within the boundaries of a 
                metropolitan planning area served by a direct recipient 
                that are carried out under this section.
                  (C) Consultation required.--In selecting a project 
                under this subsection, the metropolitan planning 
                organization shall consult with--
                          (i) in the case of a highway project, the 
                        State and locality in which such project is 
                        located; and
                          (ii) in the case of a transit project, any 
                        affected public transportation operator.
          (3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed to limit the ability of a direct recipient to partner 
        with a State department of transportation or other recipient of 
        Federal funds under title 23, United States Code, or chapter 53 
        of title 49, United States Code, to carry out a project.
  (f) Treatment of Funds.--
          (1) In general.--Except as provided in this section, funds 
        made available to carry out this section shall be administered 
        as if apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States 
        Code.
          (2) Federal share.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project carried out under this section shall be determined in 
        accordance with section 120 of title 23, United States Code.
  (g) Report.--
          (1) Direct recipient report.--Not later than 60 days after 
        the end of each fiscal year, each direct recipient shall submit 
        to the Secretary a report that includes--
                  (A) a list of projects funded with amounts provided 
                under this section;
                  (B) a description of any obstacles to complete 
                projects or timely obligation of funds; and
                  (C) recommendations to improve the effectiveness of 
                the program under this section.
          (2) Report to congress.--Not later than October 1, 2024, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Environment and 
        Public Works of the Senate and the Committee on Transportation 
        and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives a report 
        that--
                  (A) summarizes the findings of each direct recipient 
                provided under paragraph (1);
                  (B) describes the efforts undertaken by both direct 
                recipients and the Secretary to ensure compliance with 
                the requirements of title 23 and chapter 53 of title 
                49, United States Code;
                  (C) analyzes the capacity of direct recipients to 
                receive direct allocations of funds under chapter 1 of 
                title 23, United States Code; and
                  (D) provides recommendations from the Secretary to--
                          (i) improve the administration, oversight, 
                        and performance of the program established 
                        under this section;
                          (ii) improve the effectiveness of direct 
                        recipients to complete projects and obligate 
                        funds in a timely manner; and
                          (iii) evaluate options to expand the 
                        authority provided under this section, 
                        including to allow for the direct allocation to 
                        metropolitan planning organizations of funds 
                        made available to carry out clause (i) or (ii) 
                        of section 133(d)(1)(A) of title 23, United 
                        States Code.
          (3) Update.--Not less frequently than every 2 years, the 
        Secretary shall update the report described in paragraph (2).
  (h) Definitions.--
          (1) Direct recipient.--In this section, the term ``direct 
        recipient'' means a metropolitan planning organization 
        designated by the Secretary as high-performing under subsection 
        (b) and that was directly allocated funds as described in 
        subsection (d).
          (2) Metropolitan planning area.--The term ``metropolitan 
        planning area'' has the meaning given such term in section 134 
        of title 23, United States Code.
          (3) Metropolitan planning organization.--The term 
        ``metropolitan planning organization'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 134 of title 23, United States Code.
          (4) National highway system.--The term ``National Highway 
        System'' has the meaning given such term in section 101 of 
        title 23, United States Code.
          (5) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 101 of title 23, United States Code.
          (6) Urbanized area.--The term ``urbanized area'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 134 of title 23, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 1306. GRIDLOCK REDUCTION GRANT PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish a 
gridlock reduction program to make grants, on a competitive basis, for 
projects to reduce, and mitigate the adverse impacts of, traffic 
congestion.
  (b) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, an 
applicant shall submit to the Secretary an application in such form, at 
such time, and containing such information as the Secretary determines 
appropriate.
  (c) Eligibility.--
          (1) Eligible applicants.--The Secretary may make grants under 
        this section to an applicant that serves an eligible area and 
        that is--
                  (A) a metropolitan planning organization;
                  (B) a unit of local government or a group of local 
                governments;
                  (C) a multijurisdictional group of entities described 
                in subparagraphs (A) and (B);
                  (D) a special purpose district or public authority 
                with a transportation function, including a port 
                authority; or
                  (E) a State that is in partnership with an entity or 
                group of entities described in subparagraph (A), (B), 
                or (C).
          (2) Eligible area.--An eligible area for an eligible entity 
        under paragraph (1) shall be--
                  (A) a combined statistical area, as defined by the 
                Office of Management and Budget, with a population of 
                not less than 1,300,000; or
                  (B) a metropolitan statistical area that is not part 
                of a combined statistical area, as defined by the 
                Office of Management and Budget, that has a population 
                of not less than 750,000.
  (d) Eligible Projects.--The Secretary may award grants under this 
section to applicants that submit a comprehensive program of surface 
transportation-related projects to reduce traffic congestion and 
related adverse impacts, including a project for one or more of the 
following:
          (1) Transportation systems management and operations, 
        including strategies to improve the operations of high-
        occupancy vehicle lanes.
          (2) Intelligent transportation systems to improve 
        connectivity and innovation.
          (3) Real-time traveler information.
          (4) Traffic incident management.
          (5) Active traffic management.
          (6) Traffic signal timing.
          (7) Multimodal travel payment systems.
          (8) Transportation demand management, including employer-
        based commuting programs such as carpool, vanpool, transit 
        benefit, parking cashout, shuttle, or telework programs.
          (9) A project to provide transportation options to reduce 
        traffic congestion, including--
                  (A) a project under chapter 53 of title 49, United 
                States Code, including value capture and transit-
                oriented development projects;
                  (B) a bicycle or pedestrian project, including a 
                project to provide safe and connected active 
                transportation networks; and
                  (C) a surface transportation project carried out in 
                accordance with the national travel and tourism 
                infrastructure strategic plan under section 1431(e) of 
                the FAST Act (49 U.S.C. 301 note).
          (10) Any other project, as determined appropriate by the 
        Secretary utilizing eligible projects.
  (e) Award Prioritization.--
          (1) In general.--In selecting grants under this section, the 
        Secretary shall prioritize applicants serving urbanized areas, 
        as described in subsection (c), that are experiencing a high 
        degree of recurrent transportation congestion, as determined by 
        the Secretary.
          (2) Additional considerations.--In selecting grants under 
        this section, the Secretary shall also consider the extent to 
        which the project would--
                  (A) reduce traffic congestion and improve the 
                reliability of the surface transportation system;
                  (B) mitigate the adverse impacts of traffic 
                congestion on the surface transportation system, 
                including safety and environmental impacts;
                  (C) maximize the use of existing capacity; and
                  (D) employ innovative, integrated, and multimodal 
                solutions to the items described in subparagraphs (A), 
                (B), and (C).
  (f) Federal Share.--
          (1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
        carried out under this section may not exceed 60 percent.
          (2) Maximum federal share.--Federal assistance other than a 
        grant for a project under this section may be used to satisfy 
        the non-Federal share of the cost of such project, except that 
        the total Federal assistance provided for a project receiving a 
        grant under this section may not exceed 80 percent of the total 
        project cost.
  (g) Use of Funds.--Funds made available for a project under this 
section may be used for--
          (1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          (2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition 
        of real property (including land related to the project and 
        improvements to the land), environmental mitigation, 
        construction contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and 
        operational improvements.
  (h) Funding.--
          (1) Grant amount.--A grant under this section shall be in an 
        amount not less than $10,000,000 and not more than $50,000,000.
          (2) Availability.--Funds made available under this program 
        shall be available until expended.
  (i) Freight Project Set-Aside.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall set aside not less than 
        50 percent of the funds made available to carry out this 
        section for grants for freight projects under this subsection.
          (2) Eligible uses.--The Secretary shall provide funds set 
        aside under this subsection to applicants that submit a 
        comprehensive program of surface transportation-related 
        projects to reduce freight-related traffic congestion and 
        related adverse impacts, including--
                  (A) freight intelligent transportation systems;
                  (B) real-time freight parking information;
                  (C) real-time freight routing information;
                  (D) freight transportation and delivery safety 
                projects;
                  (E) first-mile and last-mile delivery solutions;
                  (F) shifting freight delivery to off-peak travel 
                times;
                  (G) reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air 
                pollution from freight transportation and delivery, 
                including through the use of innovative vehicles that 
                produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions;
                  (H) use of centralized delivery locations;
                  (I) designated freight vehicle parking and staging 
                areas;
                  (J) curb space management; and
                  (K) other projects, as determined appropriate by the 
                Secretary.
          (3) Award prioritization.--
                  (A) In general.--In providing funds set aside under 
                this section, the Secretary shall prioritize applicants 
                serving urbanized areas, as described in subsection 
                (c), that are experiencing a high degree of recurrent 
                congestion due to freight transportation, as determined 
                by the Secretary.
                  (B) Additional considerations.--In providing funds 
                set aside under this subsection, the Secretary shall 
                consider the extent to which the proposed project--
                          (i) reduces freight-related traffic 
                        congestion and improves the reliability of the 
                        freight transportation system;
                          (ii) mitigates the adverse impacts of 
                        freight-related traffic congestion on the 
                        surface transportation system, including safety 
                        and environmental impacts;
                          (iii) maximizes the use of existing capacity;
                          (iv) employs innovative, integrated, and 
                        multimodal solutions to the items described in 
                        clauses (i) through (iii);
                          (v) leverages Federal funds with non-Federal 
                        contributions; and
                          (vi) integrates regional multimodal 
                        transportation management and operational 
                        projects that address both passenger and 
                        freight congestion.
          (4) Flexibility.--If the Secretary determines that there are 
        insufficient qualified applicants to use the funds set aside 
        under this subsection, the Secretary may use such funds for 
        grants for any projects eligible under this section.
  (j) Report.--
          (1) Recipient report.--The Secretary shall ensure that not 
        later than 2 years after the Secretary awards grants under this 
        section, the recipient of each such grant submits to the 
        Secretary a report that contains--
                  (A) information on each activity or project that 
                received funding under this section;
                  (B) a summary of any non-Federal resources leveraged 
                by a grant under this section;
                  (C) any statistics, measurements, or quantitative 
                assessments that demonstrate the congestion reduction, 
                reliability, safety, and environmental benefits 
                achieved through activities or projects that received 
                funding under this section; and
                  (D) any additional information required by the 
                Secretary.
          (2) Report to congress.--Not later than 9 months after the 
        date specified in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall submit to 
        the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 
        and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the 
        Senate, and make publicly available on a website, a report 
        detailing--
                  (A) a summary of any information provided under 
                paragraph (1); and
                  (B) recommendations and best practices to--
                          (i) reduce traffic congestion, including 
                        freight-related traffic congestion, and improve 
                        the reliability of the surface transportation 
                        system;
                          (ii) mitigate the adverse impacts of traffic 
                        congestion, including freight-related traffic 
                        congestion, on the surface transportation 
                        system, including safety and environmental 
                        impacts; and
                          (iii) employ innovative, integrated, and 
                        multimodal solutions to the items described in 
                        clauses (i) and (ii).
  (k) Notification.--Not later than 3 business days before awarding a 
grant under this section, the Secretary shall notify the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works, the Committee on 
Commerce, Science, and Transportation, and the Committee on Banking, 
Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate of the intention to award such 
a grant.
  (l) Treatment of Projects.--
          (1) Federal requirements.--The Secretary shall, with respect 
        to a project funded by a grant under this section, apply--
                  (A) the requirements of title 23, United States Code, 
                to a highway project;
                  (B) the requirements of chapter 53 of title 49, 
                United States Code, to a public transportation project; 
                and
                  (C) the requirements of section 22905 of title 49, 
                United States Code, to a passenger rail or freight rail 
                project.
          (2) Multimodal projects.--
                  (A) In general.--Except as otherwise provided in this 
                paragraph, if an eligible project is a multimodal 
                project, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) determine the predominant modal component 
                        of the project; and
                          (ii) apply the applicable requirements of 
                        such predominant modal component to the 
                        project.
                  (B) Exceptions.--
                          (i) Passenger or freight rail component.--For 
                        any passenger or freight rail component of a 
                        project, the requirements of section 
                        22907(j)(2) of title 49, United States Code, 
                        shall apply.
                          (ii) Public transportation component.--For 
                        any public transportation component of a 
                        project, the requirements of section 5333 of 
                        title 49, United States Code, shall apply.
                  (C) Buy america.--In applying the Buy America 
                requirements under section 313 of title 23, United 
                States Code, and sections 5320, 22905(a), and 24305(f) 
                of title 49, United States Code, to a multimodal 
                project under this paragraph, the Secretary shall--
                          (i) consider the various modal components of 
                        the project; and
                          (ii) seek to maximize domestic jobs.
  (m) Treatment of Funds.--Except as provided in subsection (l), funds 
authorized for the purposes described in this section shall be 
available for obligation in the same manner as if the funds were 
apportioned under chapter 1 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1307. REBUILD RURAL BRIDGES PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish a 
rebuild rural bridges program to improve the safety and state of good 
repair of bridges in rural communities.
  (b) Grant Authority.--In carrying out the program established in 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive 
basis, to eligible applicants in accordance with this section.
  (c) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, an 
eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application in such 
form, at such time, and containing such information as the Secretary 
determines appropriate.
  (d) Eligible Projects.--The Secretary--
          (1) shall provide grants under this section to projects 
        eligible under title 23, United States Code, including projects 
        on and off of the Federal-aid highway system, to inspect, 
        replace, rehabilitate, or preserve--
                  (A) an off-system bridge;
                  (B) a bridge on Tribal land; or
                  (C) a bridge in poor condition located in a rural 
                community; and
          (2) may provide a grant for a bundle of bridges described in 
        paragraph (1).
  (e) Eligible Project Costs.--A recipient of a grant under this 
section may use such grant for--
          (1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities;
          (2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition 
        of real property (including land related to the project and 
        improvements to the land), environmental mitigation, and 
        construction contingencies; and
          (3) bridge inspection, evaluation, and preservation.
  (f) Federal Share.--
          (1) In general.--The Federal share of the cost of a project 
        carried out using a grant under this section may not exceed 80 
        percent of the total cost of such project.
          (2) Maximum federal assistance.--Federal assistance other 
        than a grant under this section may be used to satisfy up to 
        100 percent of the total cost of such project.
  (g) Considerations.--In making grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall consider--
          (1) whether the project can be completed without additional 
        Federal funding or financial assistance available to the 
        project sponsor, beyond existing Federal apportionments; and
          (2) the level of benefits the project is expected to 
        generate, including--
                  (A) the costs avoided by the prevention of closure or 
                reduced use of the asset to be improved by the project;
                  (B) reductions in maintenance costs over the life of 
                the asset;
                  (C) safety benefits, including the reduction of 
                accidents and related costs; and
                  (D) benefits to the economy of the rural or Tribal 
                community.
  (h) Investments in Colonias.--
          (1) In general.--Of the grants made available under this 
        section, for fiscal years 2023 through 2026, a total of not 
        less than $10,000,000 shall be made available to provide grants 
        that improve the safety, state of good repair, or connectivity 
        through bridge investments in and providing access to, 
        colonias.
          (2) Colonia defined.--In this section, the term ``colonia'' 
        means any identifiable community that--
                  (A) is in the State of Arizona, California, New 
                Mexico, or Texas;
                  (B) is in the area of the United States within 150 
                miles of the border between the United States and 
                Mexico, except that the term does not include any 
                standard metropolitan statistical area that has a 
                population exceeding 1,000,000;
                  (C) is determined to be a colonia on the basis of 
                objective criteria, including lack of potable water 
                supply, lack of adequate sewage systems, and lack of 
                decent, safe, and sanitary housing; and
                  (D) was in existence as a colonia before November 28, 
                1990.
  (i) Notification.--Not later than 3 business days before awarding a 
grant under this section, the Secretary shall notify the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate of the 
intention to award such a grant.
  (j) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Eligible applicant.--The term ``eligible applicant'' 
        means--
                  (A) a State;
                  (B) a metropolitan planning organization or a 
                regional transportation planning organization;
                  (C) a unit of local government;
                  (D) a Federal land management agency;
                  (E) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
                  (F) a territory; and
                  (G) a multijurisdictional group of entities described 
                in subparagraph (A) through (F).
          (2) Off system bridge.--The term ``off-system bridge'' has 
        the meaning given such term in section 133(f) of title 23, 
        United States Code, (as added by this Act).
          (3) Rural community.--The term ``rural community'' means an 
        area that is not an urbanized area, as such term is defined in 
        section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1308. PARKING FOR COMMERCIAL MOTOR VEHICLES.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish a 
program under which the Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive 
basis, to eligible entities to address the shortage of parking for 
commercial motor vehicles to improve the safety of commercial motor 
vehicle operators.
  (b) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, an 
eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an application in such 
form, at such time, and containing such information as the Secretary 
may require.
  (c) Eligible Projects.--Projects eligible under this section are 
projects that--
          (1) construct safety rest areas that include parking for 
        commercial motor vehicles;
          (2) construct commercial motor vehicle parking facilities--
                  (A) adjacent to private commercial truckstops and 
                travel plazas;
                  (B) within the boundaries of, or adjacent to, a 
                publicly owned freight facility, including a port 
                terminal operated by a public authority; and
                  (C) at existing facilities, including inspection and 
                weigh stations and park-and-ride locations;
          (3) open existing weigh stations, safety rest areas, and 
        park-and-ride facilities to commercial motor vehicle parking;
          (4) facilitate access to publicly and privately provided 
        commercial motor vehicle parking, such as through the use of 
        intelligent transportation systems;
          (5) construct turnouts along a Federal-aid highway for 
        commercial motor vehicles;
          (6) make capital improvements to public commercial motor 
        vehicle parking facilities that are closed on a seasonal basis 
        to allow the facilities to remain open year-round;
          (7) open existing commercial motor vehicle chain-up areas 
        that are closed on a seasonal basis to allow the facilities to 
        remain open year-round for commercial motor vehicle parking;
          (8) address commercial motor vehicle parking and layover 
        needs in emergencies that strain the capacity of existing 
        publicly and privately provided commercial motor vehicle 
        parking; and
          (9) make improvements to existing commercial motor vehicle 
        parking facilities, including advanced truckstop 
        electrification systems.
  (d) Use of Funds.--
          (1) In general.--An eligible entity may use a grant under 
        this section for--
                  (A) development phase activities, including planning, 
                feasibility analysis, benefit-cost analysis, 
                environmental review, preliminary engineering and 
                design work, and other preconstruction activities 
                necessary to advance a project described in subsection 
                (c); and
                  (B) construction and operational improvements, as 
                such terms are defined in section 101 of title 23, 
                United States Code.
          (2) Private sector participation.--An eligible entity that 
        receives a grant under this section may partner with a private 
        entity to carry out an eligible project under this section.
          (3) Limitation.--Not more than 10 percent of the amounts made 
        available to carry out this section may be used to promote the 
        availability of existing commercial motor vehicle parking.
  (e) Selection Criteria.--In making grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall consider--
          (1) in the case of construction of new commercial motor 
        vehicle parking capacity, the shortage of public and private 
        commercial motor vehicle parking near the project; and
          (2) the extent to which each project--
                  (A) would increase commercial motor vehicle parking 
                capacity or utilization;
                  (B) would facilitate the efficient movement of 
                freight;
                  (C) would improve safety, traffic congestion, and air 
                quality;
                  (D) is cost effective; and
                  (E) reflects consultation with motor carriers, 
                commercial motor vehicle operators, and private 
                providers of commercial motor vehicle parking.
  (f) Notification of Congress.--Not later than 3 business days before 
announcing a project selected to receive a grant under this section, 
the Secretary of Transportation shall notify the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate of the 
intention to award such a grant.
  (g) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project under 
this section shall be determined in accordance with subsections (b) and 
(c) of section 120 of title 23, United States Code.
  (h) Prohibition on Charging Fees.--To be eligible for a grant under 
this section, an eligible entity shall certify that no fees will be 
charged for the use of a project assisted with such grant.
  (i) Amendment to MAP-21.--Section 1401(c)(1) of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 137 
note) is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``and private providers of commercial motor 
        vehicle parking'' after ``personnel''; and
          (2) in subparagraph (A) by striking ``the capability of the 
        State to provide'' and inserting ``the availability of''.
  (j) Survey; Comparative Assessment; Report.--
          (1) Update.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall update the survey of 
        each State required under section 1401(c)(1) of the MAP-21 (23 
        U.S.C. 137 note).
          (2) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the deadline under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall publish on the website of 
        the Department of Transportation a report that--
                  (A) evaluates the availability of adequate parking 
                and rest facilities for commercial motor vehicles 
                engaged in interstate transportation;
                  (B) evaluates the effectiveness of the projects 
                funded under this section in improving access to 
                commercial motor vehicle parking; and
                  (C) reports on the progress being made to provide 
                adequate commercial motor vehicle parking facilities in 
                the State.
          (3) Consultation.--The Secretary shall prepare the report 
        required under paragraph (2) in consultation with--
                  (A) relevant State motor carrier safety personnel;
                  (B) motor carriers and commercial motor vehicle 
                operators; and
                  (C) private providers of commercial motor vehicle 
                parking.
  (k) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Commercial motor vehicle.--The term ``commercial motor 
        vehicle'' has the meaning given such term in section 31132 of 
        title 49, United States Code.
          (2) Eligible entity.--The term ``eligible entity'' means--
                  (A) a State;
                  (B) a metropolitan planning organization;
                  (C) a unit of local government;
                  (D) a political subdivision of a State or local 
                government carrying out responsibilities relating to 
                commercial motor vehicle parking; and
                  (E) a multistate or multijurisdictional group of 
                entities described in subparagraphs (A) through (D).
          (3) Safety rest area.--The term ``safety rest area'' has the 
        meaning given such term in section 120(c) of title 23, United 
        States Code.

SEC. 1309. ACTIVE CONNECTED TRANSPORTATION GRANT PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
an active connected transportation grant program to provide for safe 
and connected active transportation networks and active transportation 
connectors.
  (b) Grant Authority.--In carrying out the program established in 
subsection (a), the Secretary shall make grants, on a competitive 
basis, in accordance with this section.
  (c) Eligible Applicants.--The Secretary may make a grant under this 
section to--
          (1) a State;
          (2) a metropolitan planning organization;
          (3) a regional transportation authority;
          (4) a unit of local government, including a county or multi-
        county special district;
          (5) a Federal land management agency;
          (6) a natural resource or public land agency;
          (7) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
          (8) any local or regional governmental entity with 
        responsibility for or oversight of transportation or 
        recreational trails; and
          (9) a multistate or multijurisdictional group of entities 
        described in this subsection.
  (d) Applications.--To be eligible for a grant under this section, an 
entity specified under subsection (c) shall submit to the Secretary an 
application in such form, at such time, and containing such information 
as the Secretary determines appropriate.
  (e) Eligible Projects.--The Secretary shall provide grants under this 
section to projects that improve the connectivity and the use of active 
transportation facilities--
          (1) including--
                  (A) active transportation networks;
                  (B) active transportation connectors; and
                  (C) planning related to the development of--
                          (i) active transportation networks;
                          (ii) active transportation connectors; and
                          (iii) vision zero plans or complete streets 
                        prioritization plans under section 1601; and
          (2) that have--
                  (A) total project costs of not less than $15,000,000; 
                or
                  (B) in the case of planning grants under subsection 
                (f)(2), a total cost of not less than $100,000.
  (f) Use of Funds.--
          (1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
        this section for fiscal years 2023 through 2026 and except as 
        provided in paragraph (2), the Secretary shall obligate--
                  (A) not less than 30 percent to eligible projects 
                that construct active transportation networks; and
                  (B) not less than 30 percent to eligible projects 
                that construct active transportation connectors.
          (2) Planning grants.--Of the amounts made available to carry 
        out this section for fiscal years 2023 through 2026, the 
        Secretary may use not more than 10 percent to provide planning 
        grants to eligible applicants for activities under subsection 
        (e)(1)(C).
  (g) Considerations.--In making grants under this section, the 
Secretary shall consider the extent to which--
          (1) a project is likely to provide substantial additional 
        opportunities for active transportation, including walking and 
        bicycling, including through the creation of--
                  (A) active transportation networks connecting 
                destinations within or between communities, including 
                between schools, workplaces, residences, businesses, 
                recreation areas, and other community areas; and
                  (B) active transportation connectors connecting 2 or 
                more communities, metropolitan areas, or States, 
                including greenway paths;
          (2) an applicant has adequately considered or will consider, 
        including through the opportunity for public comment, the 
        environmental justice and equity impacts of the project;
          (3) the project would improve safety for vulnerable road 
        users, including through the use of complete street design 
        policies or a safe system approach; and
          (4) a project integrates active transportation facilities 
        with public transportation services, where available, to 
        improve access to public transportation.
  (h) Limitation.--
          (1) In general.--The share of the cost of a project assisted 
        with a grant under this section may not exceed 80 percent.
          (2) Maximum federal assistance.--Federal assistance other 
        than a grant under this section may be used to satisfy up to 
        100 percent of the total project cost.
  (i) Eligible Project Costs.--Amounts made available for a project 
under this section may be used for--
          (1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          (2) construction, reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition 
        of real property (including land related to the project and 
        improvements to the land), environmental mitigation, 
        construction contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and 
        operational improvements.
  (j) Notification.--Not later than 3 business days before awarding a 
grant under this section, the Secretary of Transportation shall notify 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
the Senate of the intention to award such a grant.
  (k) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Active transportation network.--The term ``active 
        transportation network'' means facilities built for alternative 
        methods of transportation to motor vehicles for individuals, 
        including sidewalks, bikeways, and pedestrian and bicycle 
        trails, that connect destinations within an area covered by a 
        unit of local government, a county, a community, including a 
        community on Federal lands, or a metropolitan area.
          (2) Active transportation connector.--The term ``active 
        transportation connector'' means facilities built for 
        alternative methods of transportation to motor vehicles for 
        individuals, including sidewalks, bikeways, and pedestrian and 
        bicycle trails, that connect 2 or more active transportation 
        networks or connect communities, areas covered by a unit of 
        local government, counties, metropolitan areas, Federal lands, 
        or States.
          (3) Greenway path.--The term ``greenway path'' means an 
        active transportation connector that--
                  (A) crosses jurisdictional boundaries, including 
                State lines, and provides for connectivity between 
                multiple communities, counties, metropolitan areas, or 
                States; or
                  (B) is a component of a regionally or nationally 
                significant network.
          (4) Safe system approach.--The term ``safe system approach'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 148(a) of title 23, 
        United States Code.
          (5) Vulnerable road user.--The term ``vulnerable road user'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 148(a) of title 23, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 1310. WILDLIFE CROSSINGS PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a competitive 
wildlife crossings grant program (referred to in this section as the 
``program'') to provide grants for projects that seek to achieve--
          (1) a reduction in the number of wildlife-vehicle collisions; 
        and
          (2) improved habitat connectivity for terrestrial and aquatic 
        species.
  (b) Eligible Entities.--The Secretary may make grants under the 
program to the following entities:
          (1) A State.
          (2) An Indian Tribe or Tribal organization.
          (3) A territory.
          (4) A Federal land management agency described in section 
        203(b) of title 23, United States Code.
          (5) A group of entities described in paragraphs (1) through 
        (4).
  (c) Applications.--To be eligible to receive a grant under the 
program, an eligible entity shall submit to the Secretary an 
application at such time, in such manner, and containing such 
information as the Secretary may require.
  (d) Considerations.--In selecting grant recipients under the program, 
the Secretary shall consider the following:
          (1) Primary criteria.--The extent to which the proposed 
        project is likely to protect motorists and wildlife by reducing 
        the number of wildlife-vehicle collisions and improve habitat 
        connectivity for terrestrial and aquatic species.
          (2) Secondary criteria.--
                  (A) The resilience benefits of the project.
                  (B) The extent to which the project incorporates 
                climate science, including expected changes in 
                migration patterns.
                  (C) The extent to which the project sponsor has 
                coordinated with the relevant State agency with 
                jurisdiction over fish and wildlife, if appropriate.
                  (D) In the case of a project involving species listed 
                as threatened species or endangered species under the 
                Endangered Species Act of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
                seq.), whether the project sponsor has coordinated with 
                the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.
                  (E) Other ecological benefits of the project, 
                including--
                          (i) reductions in stormwater runoff and other 
                        water pollution; and
                          (ii) the benefits of improved habitat 
                        connectivity for pollinators and the use of 
                        natively appropriate grasses.
                  (F) Whether the project supports local economic 
                development and improvement of visitation 
                opportunities.
                  (G) The extent to which the project incorporates 
                innovative technologies, including advanced design 
                techniques and other strategies to enhance efficiency 
                and effectiveness in reducing wildlife-vehicle 
                collisions and improving habitat connectivity for 
                terrestrial and aquatic species.
                  (H) The extent to which the project provides 
                educational and outreach opportunities.
                  (I) Whether the project will further research to 
                evaluate, compare effectiveness of, and identify best 
                practices in selected projects.
                  (J) How the benefits compare to the costs of the 
                project.
                  (K) Any other criteria relevant to reducing the 
                number of wildlife-vehicle collisions and improving 
                habitat connectivity for terrestrial and aquatic 
                species, as the Secretary determines to be appropriate.
  (e) Eligible Project Costs.--Grant amounts for a project under this 
section may be used for--
          (1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities;
          (2) construction (including construction of protective 
        features), reconstruction, rehabilitation, acquisition of real 
        property (including land related to the project and 
        improvements to the land), environmental mitigation, 
        construction contingencies, acquisition of equipment, and 
        operational improvements; and
          (3) planning and technical assistance activities consistent 
        with section 5107 of title 49, United States Code, including--
                  (A) data collection on wildlife-vehicle collisions;
                  (B) integration of State, Tribal, territorial, 
                regional, or Federal wildlife conservation plans and 
                data collection with transportation planning and 
                project selection;
                  (C) technical assistance, including workforce 
                development training, on reducing wildlife-vehicle 
                collisions and improving habitat connectivity for 
                terrestrial and aquatic species; and
                  (D) education and public outreach to reduce wildlife-
                vehicle collisions.
  (f) Partnerships.--
          (1) In general.--A grant received under the program may be 
        used to provide funds to an eligible partner as a subrecipient, 
        in accordance with the terms of the project agreement and 
        subject to the requirements of this section.
          (2) Eligible partner defined.--In this section, the term 
        ``eligible partner'' means--
                  (A) an eligible entity described in subsection (b);
                  (B) a metropolitan planning organization;
                  (C) a unit of local government;
                  (D) a regional transportation authority;
                  (E) a special purpose district or public authority 
                with a transportation function, including a port 
                authority;
                  (F) a non-profit entity or institution of higher 
                education; or
                  (G) a Federal, Tribal, regional, State, or local 
                governmental entity not described in subsection (b).
  (g) Requirements.--
          (1) Rural projects.--The Secretary shall reserve not less 
        than 50 percent of the amounts made available under this 
        section for projects located in a rural community.
          (2) Resilience.--A project under this section shall be 
        designed to ensure resilience over the anticipated service life 
        of the asset.
          (3) Limitation.--The Secretary may not award more than 10 
        percent of the amounts made available under this section for 
        grants that propose only activities described in subsection 
        (e)(3).
  (h) Notification.--Not later than 3 business days before awarding a 
grant under this section, the Secretary shall notify the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate of the 
intention to award such a grant.
  (i) Annual Report.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than December 31 of each calendar 
        year, the Secretary shall publish, on the website of the 
        Department of Transportation, a report describing the 
        activities under the program for the fiscal year that ends 
        during that calendar year.
          (2) Contents.--The report under paragraph (1) shall include--
                  (A) a detailed description of the activities carried 
                out under the program;
                  (B) an evaluation of the effectiveness of the program 
                in meeting the purposes described in subsection (b); 
                and
                  (C) policy recommendations, if any, to improve the 
                effectiveness of the program.
  (j) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Protective features.--The term ``protective features'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 101 of title 23, 
        United States Code.
          (2) Resilience.--The term ``resilience'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 101 of title 23, United States Code.
          (3) Rural community.--The term ``rural community'' means any 
        area of a State or territory that is not an urbanized area, as 
        such term is defined in section 101 of title 23, United States 
        Code.
          (4) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 101 of title 23, United States Code.
          (5) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 101 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1311. RECONNECTING NEIGHBORHOODS PROGRAM.

  (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Transportation shall establish a 
reconnecting neighborhoods program under which an eligible entity may 
apply for funding in order to identify, remove, replace, retrofit, or 
remediate the effects from eligible facilities and restore or improve 
connectivity, mobility, and access in disadvantaged and underserved 
communities, including--
          (1) studying the feasibility and impacts of removing, 
        retrofitting, or remediating the effects on community 
        connectivity from an existing eligible facility;
          (2) conducting preliminary engineering and final design 
        activities for a project to remove, retrofit, or remediate the 
        effects on community connectivity from an existing eligible 
        facility;
          (3) conducting construction activities necessary to carry out 
        a project to remove, retrofit, or remediate the effects on 
        community connectivity from an existing eligible facility; and
          (4) ensuring any activities carried out under this section--
                  (A) focus on improvements that will benefit the 
                populations impacted by or previously displaced by the 
                eligible facility; and
                  (B) emphasize equity by garnering community 
                engagement, avoiding future displacement, and ensuring 
                local participation in the planning process.
  (b) Eligible Entities.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may award a planning grant or 
        a capital construction grant to--
                  (A) a State;
                  (B) a unit of local government;
                  (C) an Indian Tribe or Tribal organization;
                  (D) a territory;
                  (F) a metropolitan planning organization;
                  (G) a transit agency;
                  (H) a special purpose district with a transportation 
                function; and
                  (I) a group of entities described in this paragraph.
          (2) Partnerships.--An eligible entity may enter into an 
        agreement with the following entities to carry out the eligible 
        activities under this section:
                  (A) A nonprofit organization.
                  (B) An institution of higher education, as such term 
                is defined in section 101 of the Higher Education Act 
                of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001), including historically black 
                colleges and universities, defined as the term 
                ``Predominantly Black institution'' is defined in 
                section 371(c) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 
                U.S.C. 1067q(c)).
  (c) Planning Grants.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary may award grants (referred to 
        in this section as a ``planning grants'') to carry out planning 
        activities described in paragraph (2).
          (2) Eligible activities described.--The planning activities 
        referred to in paragraph (1) are--
                  (A) planning studies to evaluate the feasibility of 
                removing, retrofitting, or remediating an existing 
                eligible facility to restore community connectivity, 
                including evaluations of--
                          (i) current traffic patterns on the eligible 
                        facility proposed for removal, retrofit, or 
                        remediation and the surrounding street network;
                          (ii) the capacity of existing transportation 
                        networks to maintain mobility needs;
                          (iii) an analysis of alternative roadway 
                        designs or other uses for the right-of-way of 
                        the eligible facility, including an analysis of 
                        whether the available right-of-way would 
                        suffice to create an alternative roadway 
                        design;
                          (iv) the effect of the removal, retrofit, or 
                        remediation of the eligible facility on the 
                        mobility of freight and people;
                          (v) the effect of the removal, retrofit, or 
                        remediation of the eligible facility on the 
                        safety of the traveling public;
                          (vi) the cost to remove, retrofit, or 
                        remediate the eligible facility--
                                  (I) to restore community 
                                connectivity; and
                                  (II) to convert the eligible facility 
                                to a roadway design or use that 
                                increases safety, mobility, and access 
                                for all users, compared to any expected 
                                costs for necessary maintenance or 
                                reconstruction of the eligible 
                                facility; and
                          (vii) the environmental impacts of retaining 
                        or reconstructing the eligible facility and the 
                        anticipated effect of the proposed alternative 
                        use or roadway design;
                  (B) public engagement activities to provide 
                opportunities for public input into a plan to remove, 
                replace, retrofit, or remediate the effects from an 
                eligible facility, including--
                          (i) building organizational or community 
                        capacity to, and educating community members on 
                        how to, engage in and contribute to eligible 
                        planning activities described in subsection 
                        (c)(2);
                          (ii) identifying community needs and desires 
                        for community improvements and developing 
                        community driven solutions in carrying out 
                        eligible planning activities described in 
                        subsection (c)(2);
                          (iii) conducting assessments of equity, 
                        mobility and access, environmental justice, 
                        affordability, economic opportunity, health 
                        outcomes, and other local goals to be used in 
                        carrying out eligible planning activities 
                        described in subsection (c)(2); and
                          (iv) forming a community advisory board in 
                        accordance with subsection (d)(7);
                  (C) other transportation planning activities required 
                in advance of a project to remove, retrofit, or 
                remediate an existing eligible facility to restore 
                community connectivity, as determined by the Secretary;
                  (D) evaluating land use and zoning changes necessary 
                to improve equity and maximize transit-oriented 
                development in connection with project eligible for a 
                capital construction grant, including activities 
                eligible under section 5327 of title 49, United States 
                Code; and
                  (E) establishment of anti-displacement and equitable 
                neighborhood revitalization strategies in connection 
                with project eligible for a capital construction grant, 
                including establishment of a community land trust for 
                land acquisition, land banking, and equitable transit-
                oriented development.
          (3) Technical assistance.--
                  (A) In general.--The Secretary may provide technical 
                assistance described in subparagraph (B) to an eligible 
                entity.
                  (B) Technical assistance described.--The technical 
                assistance referred to in subparagraph (A) is technical 
                assistance in building organizational or community 
                capacity--
                          (i) to conduct transportation planning; and
                          (ii) to identify innovative solutions to 
                        challenges posed by existing eligible 
                        facilities, including reconnecting communities 
                        that--
                                  (I) are bifurcated by eligible 
                                facilities; or
                                  (II) lack safe, reliable, and 
                                affordable transportation choices.
          (4) Selection.--The Secretary shall--
                  (A) solicit applications for--
                          (i) planning grants;
                          (ii) technical assistance under paragraph 
                        (3); and
                          (iii) the activities would benefit 
                        populations impacted by or previously displaced 
                        by an eligible facility; and
                  (B) evaluate applications for a planning grant on the 
                basis of the demonstration by the applicant that--
                          (i) the eligible facility--
                                  (I) creates barriers to mobility, 
                                access, or economic development; or
                                  (II) is not justified by current and 
                                forecast future travel demand; and
                          (ii) on the basis of preliminary assessment 
                        into the feasibility of removing, retrofitting, 
                        or remediating the eligible facility to restore 
                        community connectivity, and increase safety, 
                        mobility, and access for all users, further 
                        planning activities are necessary and likely to 
                        be productive.
          (5) Award amounts.--A planning grant may not exceed 
        $2,000,000 for any recipient.
          (6) Federal share.--The total Federal share of the cost of a 
        planning activity for which a planning grant is used may not 
        exceed 80 percent.
  (d) Capital Construction Grants.--
          (1) Eligible entities.--The Secretary may award grants 
        (referred to in this section as a ``capital construction 
        grants'') to eligible entities to carry out eligible projects 
        described in paragraph (3).
          (2) Partnerships.--In the case that the owner of an eligible 
        facility that is the subject of the capital construction grant 
        is not an eligible entity, an eligible entity shall demonstrate 
        the existence of a partnership with the owner of the eligible 
        facility.
          (3) Eligible projects.--A project eligible to be carried out 
        with a capital construction grant includes the following:
                  (A) The removal, retrofit, or remediation of the 
                effects on community connectivity from of an eligible 
                facility.
                  (B) The replacement of an eligible facility with a 
                new facility that--
                          (i) restores community connectivity;
                          (ii) employs context sensitive solutions 
                        appropriate for the surrounding community; and
                          (iii) is otherwise eligible for funding under 
                        title 23, United States Code.
                  (C) Support for community partnerships, including a 
                community advisory board described under paragraph (7), 
                in connection with a capital construction grant awarded 
                under this subsection.
                  (D) Other activities required to remove, replace, 
                retrofit, or remediate an existing eligible facility, 
                as determined by the Secretary.
          (4) Selection.--The Secretary shall--
                  (A) solicit applications for capital construction 
                grants;
                  (B) evaluate applications on the basis of--
                          (i) the degree to which the project will 
                        improve mobility and access through the removal 
                        of barriers;
                          (ii) the appropriateness of removing, 
                        retrofitting, or remediating the effects on 
                        community connectivity from the eligible 
                        facility, based on current traffic patterns and 
                        the ability of the project and the regional 
                        transportation network to absorb transportation 
                        demand and provide safe mobility and access;
                          (iii) the impact of the project on freight 
                        movement;
                          (iv) the results of a cost-benefit analysis 
                        of the project;
                          (v) the extent to which the grantee has plans 
                        for inclusive economic development in place, 
                        including the existing land use and whether the 
                        zoning provides for equitable and transit-
                        oriented development of underutilized land;
                          (vi) the degree to which the eligible 
                        facility is out of context with the current or 
                        planned land use;
                          (vii) the results of any feasibility study 
                        completed for the project;
                          (viii) whether the eligible facility is 
                        likely to need replacement or significant 
                        reconstruction within the 20-year period 
                        beginning on the date of the submission of the 
                        application;
                          (ix) whether the project is consistent with 
                        the relevant long-range transportation plan and 
                        included in the relevant statewide 
                        transportation improvement program;
                          (x) whether the project is consistent with, 
                        and how the project would impact, the relevant 
                        transportation performance management targets; 
                        and
                          (xi) the extent to which the project benefits 
                        populations impacted by or previously displaced 
                        by the eligible facility;
                  (C) ensure that the project has conducted sufficient 
                community engagement, such as the activities described 
                in subsection (c)(2)(B); and
                  (D) ensure that the jurisdiction in which the 
                eligible facility is located has an anti-displacement 
                policy or a community land trust in place.
          (5) Minimum award amounts.--A capital construction grant 
        shall be in an amount not less than $5,000,000 for each 
        recipient.
          (6) Federal share.--
                  (A) In general.--Subject to subparagraph (B), the 
                Federal share of the total cost of a project carried 
                out using a capital construction grant may not exceed 
                80 percent.
                  (B) Maximum federal involvement.--Federal assistance 
                other than a capital construction grant may be used to 
                satisfy the non-Federal share of the cost of a project 
                for which the grant is awarded.
          (7) Community advisory board.--
                  (A) In general.--To help achieve inclusive economic 
                development benefits with respect to the project for 
                which a grant is awarded, a grant recipient may form a 
                community advisory board, which, if formed, shall--
                          (i) facilitate community engagement with 
                        respect to the project; and
                          (ii) track progress with respect to 
                        commitments of the grant recipient to inclusive 
                        employment, contracting, and economic 
                        development under the project.
                  (B) Membership.--If a grant recipient forms a 
                community advisory board under subparagraph (A), the 
                community advisory board shall be composed of 
                representatives of--
                          (i) the community, including residents in the 
                        immediate vicinity of the project;
                          (ii) owners of businesses that serve the 
                        community;
                          (iii) labor organizations that represent 
                        workers that serve the community;
                          (iv) State and local government; and
                          (v) private and non-profit organizations that 
                        represent local community development.
                  (C) Diversity.--The community advisory board shall be 
                representative of the community served by the project.
  (e) Priorities.--In selecting recipients of planning grants, capital 
construction grants, and technical assistance under this section, the 
Secretary shall give priority to--
          (1) an application from a community that is economically 
        disadvantaged, including an environmental justice community, an 
        underserved community, or a community located in an area of 
        persistent poverty (as such term is defined in section 101 of 
        title 23, United States Code); and
          (2) an eligible entity that has--
                  (A) entered into a community benefits agreement with 
                representatives of the community or formed a community 
                advisory board under paragraph (7) of subsection (d);
                  (B) demonstrated a plan for employing residents in 
                the area impacted by the activity or project through 
                targeted hiring programs; and
                  (C) demonstrated a plan for improving transportation 
                system access.
  (f) Administrative Expenses.--Of amounts made available to carry out 
this section, the Secretary may set aside not more than $5,000,000 in 
each fiscal year for the costs of administering the program under this 
section.
  (g) Technical Assistance.--Of amounts made available to carry out 
this section, the Secretary may set aside not more than $5,000,000 in 
each fiscal year to provide technical assistance to eligible entities 
under subsection (c)(3).
  (h) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report that--
          (1) identifies and creates an online mapping tool showing any 
        examples of potential projects to remove eligible facilities, 
        and assesses the potential impacts of carrying out such 
        projects; and
          (2) assesses projects funded under subsection (d) to provide 
        best practices.
  (i) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Anti-displacement policy.--The term ``anti-displacement 
        policy'' means a policy that limits the displacement of low-
        income, disadvantaged, and underserved communities from 
        neighborhoods due to new investments in housing, businesses, 
        and infrastructure.
          (2) Community land trust.--The term ``community land trust'' 
        means a nonprofit organization established or with the 
        responsibility, as applicable--
                  (A) to develop the real estate created by the removal 
                or capping of an eligible facility; and
                  (B) to carry out anti-displacement or community 
                development strategies, including--
                          (i) affordable housing preservation and 
                        development;
                          (ii) homeownership and property improvement 
                        programs;
                          (iii) the development or rehabilitation of 
                        park space or recreation facilities; and
                          (iv) community revitalization and economic 
                        development projects.
          (3) Eligible facility.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``eligible facility'' means 
                a highway or other transportation facility that creates 
                a barrier to community connectivity, including barriers 
                to mobility, access, or economic development, due to 
                high speeds, grade separations, or other design 
                factors.
                  (B) Inclusions.--In this section, the term ``eligible 
                facility'' may include--
                          (i) a limited access highway;
                          (ii) a railway;
                          (iii) a viaduct;
                          (iv) a principal arterial facility; or
                          (v) any other transportation facility for 
                        which the high speeds, grade separation, or 
                        other design factors create an obstacle to 
                        connectivity.

SEC. 1312. APPRENTICESHIP UTILIZATION.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Certification requirement.--To receive a grant under 
        sections 117 and 173 of title 23, United States Code, and 
        section 1311 of this Act, each applicant shall include in a 
        grant application a certification that such applicant will 
        ensure that any contractor or subcontractor utilized in 
        carrying out activities with such grant--
                  (A) meets or exceeds the apprenticeship employment 
                goal; and
                  (B) to the extent practicable, employs qualified 
                apprentices from traditionally underrepresented 
                populations, including women and minorities, in meeting 
                or exceeding such goal.
          (2) Exceptions.--The Secretary may adjust the requirements of 
        this section if the grant applicant--
                  (A) demonstrates a lack of availability of qualified 
                apprentices in a specific geographic area; or
                  (B) makes a good faith effort to comply with the 
                requirements of this section.
  (b) Regulations.--The Secretary shall have the authority to issue 
such regulations or other guidance, forms, instructions, and 
publications as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the 
requirements of this section, including reporting requirements for 
applicants awarded a grant.
  (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 3 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report on 
the utilization of qualified apprentices for projects carried out under 
sections 117 and 173 of title 23, United States Code, and section 1311 
of this Act, that includes--
          (1) the total number of labor hours fulfilled by qualified 
        apprentices;
          (2) the total number of qualified apprentices employed;
          (3) the total number of grant recipients that met or exceeded 
        the apprenticeship employment goal; and
          (4) best practices utilized by grant recipients that met or 
        exceeded the apprenticeship employment goal.
  (d) Public Transparency.--At the end of each fiscal year, the 
Secretary shall make available on a public website information on the 
utilization of qualified apprentices in the preceding fiscal year for 
each grant program under sections 117 and 173 of title 23, United 
States Code, and section 1311 of this Act, including--
          (1) the total number of grant applicants that certified they 
        would be able to meet or exceed the apprenticeship employment 
        goal under subsection (a); and
          (2) the total number of grants awarded for which applicants 
        certified they would be able to meet or exceed the 
        apprenticeship employment goal.
  (e) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Apprenticeship employment goal.--The term 
        ``apprenticeship employment goal'' means the utilization of 
        qualified apprentices for not less than 15 percent of the total 
        labor hours used for construction activities for a project.
          (2) Qualified apprentice.--The term ``qualified apprentice'' 
        means an employee participating in an apprenticeship program 
        that--
                  (A) is registered with the Office of Apprenticeship 
                of the Employment Training Administration of the 
                Department of Labor or a State apprenticeship agency 
                recognized by such Office of Apprenticeship pursuant to 
                the Act of August 16, 1937 (29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.; 
                commonly known as the ``National Apprenticeship Act''); 
                and
                  (B) satisfies the requirements of subpart A of part 
                29 and part 30 of title 29, Code of Federal 
                Regulations.
          (3) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Transportation.

   Subtitle D--Planning, Performance Management, and Asset Management

SEC. 1401. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  Section 134 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) by striking ``resiliency needs while 
        minimizing transportation-related fuel consumption and air 
        pollution'' and inserting ``resilience and climate change 
        adaptation needs while reducing transportation-related fuel 
        consumption, air pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions'';
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (7) and (8), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
          ``(6) STIP.--The term `STIP' means a statewide transportation 
        improvement program developed by a State under section 
        135(g).'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``and transportation 
                improvement programs'' and inserting ``and TIPs''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Consideration.--In developing the plans and TIPs, 
        metropolitan planning organizations shall consider direct and 
        indirect emissions of greenhouse gases.'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2) by striking ``Not later than 2 
                years after the date of enactment of MAP-21, each'' and 
                inserting ``Each'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3) by adding at the end the 
                following:
                  ``(D) Equitable and proportional representation.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In designating officials 
                        or representatives under paragraph (2), the 
                        metropolitan planning organization shall ensure 
                        the equitable and proportional representation 
                        of the population of the metropolitan planning 
                        area.
                          ``(ii) Savings clause.--Nothing in this 
                        paragraph shall require a metropolitan planning 
                        organization in existence on the date of 
                        enactment of this subparagraph to be 
                        restructured.
                          ``(iii) Redesignation.--Notwithstanding 
                        clause (ii), the requirements of this paragraph 
                        shall apply to any metropolitan planning 
                        organization redesignated under paragraph 
                        (6).'';
                  (C) in paragraph (6)(B) by striking ``paragraph (2)'' 
                and inserting ``paragraphs (2) or (3)(D)''; and
                  (D) in paragraph (7)--
                          (i) by striking ``an existing metropolitan 
                        planning area'' and inserting ``an urbanized 
                        area''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the existing metropolitan 
                        planning area'' and inserting ``the area'';
          (5) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``a metropolitan 
                area'' and inserting ``an urbanized area'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``mpos'' and 
                inserting ``metropolitan planning areas'';
                  (C) in paragraph (3)(A) by inserting ``emergency 
                response and evacuation, climate change adaptation and 
                resilience,'' after ``disaster risk reduction,''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Coordination between mpos.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If more than one metropolitan 
                planning organization is designated within an urbanized 
                area under subsection (d)(7), the metropolitan planning 
                organizations designated within the area shall ensure, 
                to the maximum extent practicable, the consistency of 
                any data used in the planning process, including 
                information used in forecasting transportation demand.
                  ``(B) Savings clause.--Nothing in this paragraph 
                requires metropolitan planning organizations designated 
                within a single urbanized area to jointly develop 
                planning documents, including a unified long-range 
                transportation plan or unified TIP.'';
          (6) in subsection (h)(1)--
                  (A) by striking subparagraph (E) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(E) protect and enhance the environment, promote 
                energy conservation, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, 
                improve the quality of life and public health, and 
                promote consistency between transportation improvements 
                and State and local planned growth and economic 
                development patterns, including housing and land use 
                patterns;'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (I)--
                          (i) by inserting ``, sea level rise, extreme 
                        weather, and climate change'' after 
                        ``stormwater''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (C) by redesignating subparagraph (J) as subparagraph 
                (M); and
                  (D) by inserting after subparagraph (I) the 
                following:
                  ``(J) support emergency management, response, and 
                evacuation and hazard mitigation;
                  ``(K) improve the level of transportation system 
                access;
                  ``(L) support inclusive zoning policies and land use 
                planning practices that incentivize affordable, 
                elastic, and diverse housing supply, facilitate long-
                term economic growth by improving the accessibility of 
                housing to jobs, and prevent high housing costs from 
                displacing economically disadvantaged households; 
                and'';
          (7) in subsection (h)(2) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--Through the use of a performance-
                based approach, transportation investment decisions 
                made as a part of the metropolitan transportation 
                planning process shall support the national goals 
                described in section 150(b), the achievement of 
                metropolitan and statewide targets established under 
                section 150(d), the improvement of transportation 
                system access (consistent with section 150(f)), and the 
                general purposes described in section 5301 of title 
                49.'';
          (8) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(D)(i) by inserting ``reduce 
                greenhouse gas emissions and'' before ``restore and 
                maintain'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(G) by inserting ``and climate 
                change'' after ``infrastructure to natural disasters'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2)(H) by inserting ``greenhouse gas 
                emissions,'' after ``pollution,'';
                  (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``air 
                        quality, public health, housing, 
                        transportation, resilience, hazard mitigation, 
                        emergency management,'' after 
                        ``conservation,''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Issues.--The consultation shall involve, as 
                appropriate, comparison of transportation plans to 
                other relevant plans, including, if available--
                          ``(i) State conservation plans or maps; and
                          ``(ii) inventories of natural or historic 
                        resources.''; and
                  (E) by amending paragraph (6)(C) to read as follows:
                  ``(C) Methods.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In carrying out 
                        subparagraph (A), the metropolitan planning 
                        organization shall, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable--
                                  ``(I) hold any public meetings at 
                                convenient and accessible locations and 
                                times;
                                  ``(II) employ visualization 
                                techniques to describe plans; and
                                  ``(III) make public information 
                                available in electronically accessible 
                                format and means, such as the internet, 
                                as appropriate to afford reasonable 
                                opportunity for consideration of public 
                                information under subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Additional methods.--In addition to 
                        the methods described in clause (i), in 
                        carrying out subparagraph (A), the metropolitan 
                        planning organization shall, to the maximum 
                        extent practicable--
                                  ``(I) use virtual public involvement, 
                                social media, and other web-based tools 
                                to encourage public participation and 
                                solicit public feedback; and
                                  ``(II) use other methods, as 
                                appropriate, to further encourage 
                                public participation of historically 
                                underrepresented individuals in the 
                                transportation planning process.'';
          (9) in subsection (j) by striking ``transportation 
        improvement program'' and inserting ``TIP'' each place it 
        appears; and
          (10) by striking ``Federally'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``federally''.

SEC. 1402. STATEWIDE AND NONMETROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  Section 135 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``statewide 
                transportation improvement program'' and inserting 
                ``STIP'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking ``The statewide 
                        transportation plan and the'' and inserting the 
                        following:
                  ``(A)  In general.--The statewide transportation plan 
                and the'';
                          (ii) by striking ``transportation improvement 
                        program'' and inserting ``STIP''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) Consideration.--In developing the statewide 
                transportation plans and STIPs, States shall consider 
                direct and indirect emissions of greenhouse gases.''; 
                and
                  (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``transportation 
                improvement program'' and inserting ``STIP'';
          (2) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (E)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``reduce greenhouse 
                                gas emissions,'' after ``promote energy 
                                conservation,'';
                                  (II) by inserting ``and public 
                                health'' after ``improve the quality of 
                                life''; and
                                  (III) by inserting ``, including 
                                housing and land use patterns'' after 
                                ``economic development patterns'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (I)--
                                  (I) by inserting ``, sea level rise, 
                                extreme weather, and climate change'' 
                                after ``mitigate stormwater''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and'' after the 
                                semicolon;
                          (iii) by redesignating subparagraph (J) as 
                        subparagraph (M); and
                          (iv) by inserting after subparagraph (I) the 
                        following:
                  ``(J) facilitate emergency management, response, and 
                evacuation and hazard mitigation;
                  ``(K) improve the level of transportation system 
                access;
                  ``(L) support inclusive zoning policies and land use 
                planning practices that incentivize affordable, 
                elastic, and diverse housing supply, facilitate long-
                term economic growth by improving the accessibility of 
                housing to jobs, and prevent high housing costs from 
                displacing economically disadvantaged households; 
                and'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--Through the use of a performance-
                based approach, transportation investment decisions 
                made as a part of the statewide transportation planning 
                process shall support--
                          ``(i) the national goals described in section 
                        150(b);
                          ``(ii) the consideration of transportation 
                        system access (consistent with section 150(f));
                          ``(iii) the achievement of statewide targets 
                        established under section 150(d); and
                          ``(iv) the general purposes described in 
                        section 5301 of title 49.''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (D) by striking 
                        ``statewide transportation improvement 
                        program'' and inserting ``STIP''; and
                  (C) in paragraph (3) by striking ``statewide 
                transportation improvement program'' and inserting 
                ``STIP'';
          (3) in subsection (e)(3) by striking ``transportation 
        improvement program'' and inserting ``STIP'';
          (4) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(D)--
                          (i) in clause (i) by inserting ``air quality, 
                        public health, housing, transportation, 
                        resilience, hazard mitigation, emergency 
                        management,'' after ``conservation,''; and
                          (ii) by amending clause (ii) to read as 
                        follows:
                          ``(ii) Comparison and consideration.--
                        Consultation under clause (i) shall involve the 
                        comparison of transportation plans to other 
                        relevant plans and inventories, including, if 
                        available--
                                  ``(I) State and tribal conservation 
                                plans or maps; and
                                  ``(II) inventories of natural or 
                                historic resources.'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3)(B)--
                          (i) by striking ``In carrying out'' and 
                        inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--in carrying out'';
                          (ii) by redesignating clauses (i) through 
                        (iv) as subclauses (I) through (IV), 
                        respectively; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Additional methods.--In addition to 
                        the methods described in clause (i), in 
                        carrying out subparagraph (A), the State shall, 
                        to the maximum extent practicable--
                                  ``(I) use virtual public involvement, 
                                social media, and other web-based tools 
                                to encourage public participation and 
                                solicit public feedback; and
                                  ``(II) use other methods, as 
                                appropriate, to further encourage 
                                public participation of historically 
                                underrepresented individuals in the 
                                transportation planning process.'';
                  (C) in paragraph (4)(A) by inserting ``reduce 
                greenhouse gas emissions and'' after ``potential to''; 
                and
                  (D) in paragraph (8) by inserting ``greenhouse gas 
                emissions,'' after ``pollution,'';
          (5) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)(A) by striking ``statewide 
                transportation improvement program'' and inserting 
                ``STIP'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``operators),,'' and 
                inserting ``operators),'';
                  (C) in paragraph (4) by striking ``statewide 
                transportation improvement program'' and inserting 
                ``STIP'' each place it appears;
                  (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by striking 
                        ``transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP'';
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)(ii) by striking 
                        ``metropolitan transportation improvement 
                        program'' and inserting ``TIP'';
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP'' each place it appears;
                          (iv) in subparagraph (E) by striking 
                        ``transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP'';
                          (v) in subparagraph (F)(i) by striking 
                        ``transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP'' each place it appears;
                          (vi) in subparagraph (G)(ii) by striking 
                        ``transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP''; and
                          (vii) in subparagraph (H) by striking 
                        ``transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP'';
                  (E) in paragraph (6)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A)--
                                  (I) by striking ``transportation 
                                improvement program'' and inserting 
                                ``STIP''; and
                                  (II) by striking ``and projects 
                                carried out under the bridge program or 
                                the Interstate maintenance program''; 
                                and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) by striking ``or under the bridge 
                                program or the Interstate maintenance 
                                program'';
                                  (II) by striking ``5310, 5311, 5316, 
                                and 5317'' and inserting ``5310 and 
                                5311''; and
                                  (III) by striking ``statewide 
                                transportation improvement program'' 
                                and inserting ``STIP'';
                  (F) in paragraph (7)--
                          (i) in the heading by striking 
                        ``Transportation improvement program'' and 
                        inserting ``STIP''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``transportation improvement 
                        program'' and inserting ``STIP'';
                  (G) in paragraph (8) by striking ``statewide 
                transportation plans and programs'' and inserting 
                ``statewide transportation plans and STIPs''; and
                  (H) in paragraph (9) by striking ``transportation 
                improvement program'' and inserting ``STIP'';
          (6) in subsection (h)(2)(A) by striking ``Not later than 5 
        years after the date of enactment of the MAP-21,'' and 
        inserting ``Not less frequently than once every 4 years,'';
          (7) in subsection (k) by striking ``transportation 
        improvement program'' and inserting ``STIP'' each place it 
        appears; and
          (8) in subsection (m) by striking ``transportation 
        improvement programs'' and inserting ``STIPs''.

SEC. 1403. NATIONAL GOALS AND PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT MEASURES.

  (a) In General.--Section 150 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by inserting ``or elimination'' 
                after ``significant reduction'';
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); 
                and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
          ``(7) Combating climate change.--To reduce carbon dioxide and 
        other greenhouse gas emissions and reduce the climate impacts 
        of the transportation system.'';
          (2) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``Not later than 18 
                months after the date of enactment of the MAP-21, the 
                Secretary'' and inserting ``The Secretary''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(7) Greenhouse gas emissions.--The Secretary shall 
        establish, in consultation with the Administrator of the 
        Environmental Protection Agency, measures for States to use to 
        assess--
                  ``(A) carbon dioxide emissions per capita on public 
                roads;
                  ``(B) carbon dioxide emissions using different 
                parameters than described in subparagraph (A) that the 
                Secretary determines to be appropriate; and
                  ``(C) any other greenhouse gas emissions on public 
                roads that the Secretary determines to be 
                appropriate.'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1)--
                          (i) by striking ``Not later than 1 year after 
                        the Secretary has promulgated the final 
                        rulemaking under subsection (c), each'' and 
                        inserting ``Each''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``and (6)'' and inserting 
                        ``(6), and (7)''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Regressive targets.--
                  ``(A) In general.--A State may not establish a 
                regressive target for the measures described under 
                paragraph (4) or paragraph (7) of subsection (c).
                  ``(B) Regressive target defined.--In this paragraph, 
                the term `regressive target' means a target that fails 
                to demonstrate constant or improved performance for a 
                particular measure.'';
          (4) in subsection (e)--
                  (A) by striking ``Not later than 4 years after the 
                date of enactment of the MAP-21 and biennially 
                thereafter, a'' and inserting ``A''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``biennial'' after ``the Secretary 
                a''; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(f) Transportation System Access.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall establish measures for 
        States and metropolitan planning organizations to use to assess 
        the level of safe, reliable, and convenient transportation 
        system access to--
                  ``(A) employment; and
                  ``(B) services.
          ``(2) Considerations.--The measures established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include the ability for States and 
        metropolitan planning organizations to assess--
                  ``(A) the change in the level of transportation 
                system access for various modes of travel, including 
                connection to other modes of transportation, that would 
                result from new transportation investments;
                  ``(B) the level of transportation system access for 
                economically disadvantaged communities, including to 
                affordable housing; and
                  ``(C) the extent to which transportation access is 
                impacted by zoning policies and land use planning 
                practices that effect the affordability, elasticity, 
                and diversity of the housing supply.
          ``(3) Definition of services.--In this subsection, the term 
        `services' includes healthcare facilities, child care, 
        education and workforce training, food sources, banking and 
        other financial institutions, and other retail shopping 
        establishments.''.
  (b) Metropolitan Transportation Planning; Title 23.--Section 134 of 
title 23, United States Code, is further amended--
          (1) in subsection (j)(2)(D)--
                  (A) by striking ``Performance target achievement'' in 
                the heading and inserting ``Performance management'';
                  (B) by striking ``The TIP'' and inserting the 
                following:
                          ``(i) In general.--The TIP''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Transportation management areas.--For 
                        metropolitan planning areas that represent an 
                        urbanized area designated as a transportation 
                        management area under subsection (k), the TIP 
                        shall include--
                                  ``(I) a discussion of the anticipated 
                                effect of the TIP toward achieving the 
                                performance targets established in the 
                                metropolitan transportation plan, 
                                linking investment priorities to such 
                                performance targets; and
                                  ``(II) a description of how the 
                                anticipated effect of the TIP would 
                                improve the overall level of 
                                transportation system access, 
                                consistent with section 150(f).'';
          (2) in subsection (k)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                          (i) by striking ``shall address congestion 
                        management'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``shall address--
                          ``(i) congestion management'';
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) the overall level of transportation 
                        system access for various modes of travel 
                        within the metropolitan planning area, 
                        including the level of access for economically 
                        disadvantaged communities, consistent with 
                        section 150(f), that is based on a 
                        cooperatively developed and implemented 
                        metropolitan-wide strategy, assessing both new 
                        and existing transportation facilities eligible 
                        for funding under this title and chapter 53 of 
                        title 49.''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (5)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i) by striking ``; and'' and 
                        inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in clause (ii) by striking the period 
                        and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) the TIP approved under clause (ii) 
                        makes progress towards improving the level of 
                        transportation system access, consistent with 
                        section 150(f).''; and
          (3) in subsection (l)(2)--
                  (A) by striking ``5 years after the date of enactment 
                of the MAP-21'' and inserting ``2 years after the date 
                of enactment of the INVEST in America Act, and every 2 
                years thereafter'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and whether 
                metropolitan planning organizations are developing 
                meaningful performance targets; and'' and inserting a 
                semicolon; and
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(D) a listing of all metropolitan planning 
                organizations that are establishing performance targets 
                and whether such performance targets established by the 
                metropolitan planning organization are meaningful or 
                regressive (as defined in section 150(d)(3)(B)); and
                  ``(E) the progress of implementing the measure 
                established under section 150(f).''.
  (c) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation Planning; Title 
23.--Section 135(g)(4) of title 23, United States Code, is further 
amended--
          (1) by striking ``Performance Target Achievement'' in the 
        heading and inserting ``Performance Management'';
          (2) by striking ``shall include, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, a discussion'' and inserting the following: 
        ``shall include--
                  ``(A) a discussion'';
          (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
        and''; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) a consideration of the anticipated effect of 
                the STIP on the overall level of transportation system 
                access, consistent with section 150(f).''.
  (d) Metropolitan Transportation Planning; Title 49.--Section 5303 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (j)(2)(D)--
                  (A) by striking ``Performance target achievement'' 
                and inserting ``Performance management'';
                  (B) by striking ``The transportation improvement 
                plan'' and inserting the following:
                          ``(i) In general.--The TIP''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) Transportation management areas.--For 
                        metropolitan planning areas that represent an 
                        urbanized area designated as a transportation 
                        management area under subsection (k), the TIP 
                        shall include--
                                  ``(I) a discussion of the anticipated 
                                effect of the TIP toward achieving the 
                                performance targets established in the 
                                metropolitan transportation plan, 
                                linking investment priorities to such 
                                performance targets; and
                                  ``(II) a description of how the 
                                anticipated effect of the TIP would 
                                improve the overall level of 
                                transportation system access, 
                                consistent with section 150(f) of title 
                                23.'';
          (2) in subsection (k)--
                  (A) in paragraph (3)(A)--
                          (i) by striking ``shall address congestion 
                        management'' and inserting the following: 
                        ``shall address--
                          ``(i) congestion management'';
                          (ii) by striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(ii) the overall level of transportation 
                        system access for various modes of travel 
                        within the metropolitan planning area, 
                        including the level of access for economically 
                        disadvantaged communities, consistent with 
                        section 150(f) of title 23, that is based on a 
                        cooperatively developed and implemented 
                        metropolitan-wide strategy, assessing both new 
                        and existing transportation facilities eligible 
                        for funding under this chapter and title 23.''; 
                        and
                  (B) in paragraph (5)(B)--
                          (i) in clause (i) by striking ``; and'' and 
                        inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in clause (ii) by striking the period 
                        and inserting ``; and''; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) the TIP approved under clause (ii) 
                        makes progress towards improving the level of 
                        transportation system access, consistent with 
                        section 150(f) of title 23.''; and
          (3) in subsection (l)(2)--
                  (A) by striking ``5 years after the date of enactment 
                of the Federal Public Transportation Act of 2012'' and 
                inserting ``2 years after the date of enactment of the 
                INVEST in America Act, and every 2 years thereafter'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``and whether 
                metropolitan planning organizations are developing 
                meaningful performance targets; and'' and inserting a 
                semicolon; and
                  (C) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(D) a listing of all metropolitan planning 
                organizations that are establishing performance targets 
                and whether such performance targets established by the 
                metropolitan planning organization are meaningful or 
                regressive (as defined in section 150(d)(3)(B) of title 
                23); and
                  ``(E) the progress of implementing the measure 
                established under section 150(f) of title 23.''.
  (e) Statewide and Nonmetropolitan Transportation Planning; Title 
49.--Section 5304(g)(4) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) by striking ``Performance target achievement'' and 
        inserting ``Performance management'';
          (2) by striking ``shall include, to the maximum extent 
        practicable, a discussion'' and inserting the following: 
        ``shall include--
                  ``(A) a discussion'';
          (3) by striking the period at the end and inserting ``; 
        and'';
          (4) by striking ``statewide transportation improvement 
        program'' and inserting ``STIP'' each place it appears; and
          (5) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(B) a consideration of the anticipated effect of 
                the STIP on the overall level of transportation system 
                access, consistent with section 150(f) of title 23.''.
  (f) Savings Clause.--
          (1) Regressive targets.--The prohibition in the amendment 
        made by subsection (a)(3)(B) shall apply to States beginning on 
        the date that is 1 year before the subsequent State target and 
        reporting deadlines related to safety performance management 
        established pursuant to section 150 of title 23, United States 
        Code.
          (2) Access planning requirements.--The requirements in the 
        amendments made by subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e) shall 
        apply beginning on the date on which the requirements for the 
        measure described in section 150(f) of title 23, United States 
        Code, take effect.
  (g) Development of Greenhouse Gas Measure.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall issue such regulations as are necessary to carry 
out paragraph (7) of section 150(c) of title 23, United States Code, as 
added by this Act.
  (h) Development of Transportation System Access Measure.--
          (1) Establishment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
        establish a working group to assess the provisions of 
        paragraphs (1) and (2) of section 150(f) and make 
        recommendations regarding the establishment of measures for 
        States and metropolitan planning organizations to use to assess 
        the level of transportation system access for various modes of 
        travel, consistent with section 150(f) of title 23, United 
        States Code.
          (2) Members.--The working group established pursuant to 
        paragraph (1) shall include representatives from--
                  (A) the Department of Transportation;
                  (B) State departments of transportation, including 
                representatives that specialize in pedestrian and 
                bicycle safety;
                  (C) the Bureau of Transportation Statistics;
                  (D) metropolitan planning organizations representing 
                transportation management areas (as those terms are 
                defined in section 134 of title 23, United States 
                Code);
                  (E) other metropolitan planning organizations or 
                local governments;
                  (F) providers of public transportation;
                  (G) nonprofit entities related to transportation, 
                including relevant safety groups;
                  (H) experts in the field of transportation access 
                data; and
                  (I) any other stakeholders, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
          (3) Report.--
                  (A) Submission.--Not later than 1 year after the 
                establishment of the working group pursuant to 
                paragraph (1), the working group shall submit to the 
                Secretary a report of recommendations regarding the 
                establishment of measures for States and metropolitan 
                planning organizations to use to assess the level of 
                transportation system access, consistent with section 
                150(f) of title 23, United States Code.
                  (B) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after the 
                date on which the Secretary receives the report under 
                subparagraph (A), the Secretary shall publish the 
                report on a publicly accessible website of the 
                Department of Transportation.
          (4) Rulemaking.--Not later than 2 years after the date on 
        which the Secretary receives the report under paragraph (3), 
        the Secretary shall issue such regulations as are necessary to 
        implement the requirements of section 150(f) of title 23, 
        United States Code.
          (5) Termination.--The Secretary shall terminate the working 
        group established pursuant to paragraph (1) on the date on 
        which the regulation issued pursuant to paragraph (4) takes 
        effect.
  (i) Transportation System Access Data.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the date on 
        which the Secretary of Transportation establishes the measure 
        required under section 150(f) of title 23, United States Code, 
        the Secretary shall develop or procure eligible transportation 
        system access data sets and analytical tools and make such data 
        sets and analytical tools available to State departments of 
        transportation and metropolitan planning areas that represent 
        transportation management areas.
          (2) Requirements.--An eligible transportation system access 
        data set and analytical tool shall have the following 
        characteristics:
                  (A) The ability to quantify the level of safe, 
                reliable, and convenient transportation system access 
                to--
                          (i) employment;
                          (ii) services; and
                          (iii) connections to other modes of 
                        transportation.
                  (B) The ability to quantify transportation system 
                access for various modes of travel, including--
                          (i) driving;
                          (ii) public transportation;
                          (iii) walking (including conveyance for 
                        persons with disabilities); and
                          (iv) cycling (including micromobility).
                  (C) The ability to disaggregate the level of 
                transportation system access by various transportation 
                modes by a variety of population categories, 
                including--
                          (i) low-income populations;
                          (ii) minority populations;
                          (iii) age;
                          (iv) disability; and
                          (v) geographical location.
                  (D) The ability to assess the change in the level of 
                transportation system access that would result from new 
                transportation investments.
          (3) Consideration.--An eligible transportation system access 
        data set and analytical tool shall take into consideration safe 
        and connected networks for walking, cycling, and persons with 
        disabilities.
  (j) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Transportation system access.--The term ``transportation 
        system access'' has the meaning given such term in section 101 
        of title 23, United States Code.
          (2) Services.--The term ``services'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 150(f) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1404. TRANSPORTATION DEMAND DATA AND MODELING STUDY.

  (a) Study.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation shall 
        conduct a study on transportation demand data and modeling, 
        including transportation demand forecasting, and make 
        recommendations for developing and utilizing transportation and 
        traffic demand models with a demonstrated record of accuracy.
          (2) Contents.--In carrying out the study under this section, 
        the Secretary shall--
                  (A) collect observed transportation demand data and 
                transportation demand forecasts from States and 
                metropolitan planning organizations, including data and 
                forecasts on--
                          (i) traffic counts;
                          (ii) transportation mode share and public 
                        transportation ridership; and
                          (iii) vehicle occupancy measures;
                  (B) compare the transportation demand forecasts with 
                the observed transportation demand data gathered under 
                subparagraph (A), including an analysis of the level of 
                accuracy of forecasts and possible reasons for large 
                discrepancies; and
                  (C) use the information described in subparagraphs 
                (A) and (B) to--
                          (i) develop best practices and guidance for 
                        States and metropolitan planning organizations 
                        to use in forecasting transportation demand for 
                        future investments in transportation 
                        improvements;
                          (ii) evaluate the impact of transportation 
                        investments, including new roadway capacity, on 
                        transportation behavior and transportation 
                        demand, including public transportation 
                        ridership, induced highway transportation, and 
                        congestion;
                          (iii) support more accurate transportation 
                        demand forecasting by States and metropolitan 
                        planning organizations;
                          (iv) enhance the capacity of States and 
                        metropolitan planning organizations to--
                                  (I) forecast transportation demand; 
                                and
                                  (II) track observed transportation 
                                behavior responses, including induced 
                                transportation, to changes in 
                                transportation capacity, pricing, and 
                                land use patterns; and
                          (v) develop transportation demand management 
                        strategies to maximize the efficiency of the 
                        transportation system, improve mobility, reduce 
                        congestion, and lower vehicle emissions.
          (3) Covered entities.--In carrying out the study under this 
        section, the Secretary shall ensure that data and forecasts 
        described in paragraph (2)(A) are collected from--
                  (A) States;
                  (B) metropolitan planning organizations that serve an 
                area with a population of 200,000 people or fewer; and
                  (C) metropolitan planning organizations that serve an 
                area with a population of over 200,000 people.
          (4) Working with the private sector.--In carrying out this 
        section, the Secretary may, and is encouraged to, procure 
        additional data as necessary from university transportation 
        centers, private sector providers, and other entities as is 
        needed and may use funds authorized under section 503(b) of 
        title 23, United States Code, for carrying out this paragraph.
          (5) Working with affected communities.--In carrying out this 
        section, the Secretary shall consult with, and collect data and 
        input from, representatives of--
                  (A) the Department of Transportation;
                  (B) State departments of transportation;
                  (C) metropolitan planning organizations;
                  (D) local governments;
                  (E) providers of public transportation;
                  (F) nonprofit entities related to transportation, 
                including safety, cycling, disability, and equity 
                groups; and
                  (G) any other stakeholders, as determined by the 
                Secretary.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report containing 
the findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).
  (c) Secretarial Support.--The Secretary shall seek opportunities to 
support the transportation planning processes under sections 134 and 
135 of title 23, United States Code, through the provision of data to 
States and metropolitan planning organizations to improve the quality 
of transportation plans, models, and demand forecasts.
  (d) Update Guidance and Regulations.--The Secretary shall--
          (1) update Department of Transportation guidance and 
        procedures to utilize best practices documented throughout the 
        Federal program; and
          (2) ensure that best practices included in the report are 
        incorporated into appropriate regulations as such regulations 
        are updated.
  (e) Continuing Improvement.--The Secretary shall set out a process to 
repeat the study under this section every 2 years as part of the 
conditions and performance report, including--
          (1) progress in the accuracy of model projections;
          (2) further recommendations for improvement; and
          (3) further changes to guidance, regulation, and procedures 
        required for the Department of Transportation to adopt best 
        practices.

SEC. 1405. FISCAL CONSTRAINT ON LONG-RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLANS.

  Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the 
Secretary shall amend section 450.324(f)(11)(v) of title 23, Code of 
Federal Regulations, to ensure that the outer years of a metropolitan 
transportation plan are defined as ``beyond the first 4 years''.

           Subtitle E--Federal Lands, Tribes, and Territories

SEC. 1501. TERRITORIAL AND PUERTO RICO HIGHWAY PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Section 165 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended--
          (1) by striking subsection (a) and inserting the following:
  ``(a) Annual Allocation.--For the Puerto Rico and territorial highway 
program, there shall be made available--
          ``(1) $340,000,000 for the Puerto Rico highway program under 
        subsection (b) for each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026; and
          ``(2) for the territorial highway program under subsection 
        (c)--
                  ``(A) $113,044,097 for fiscal year 2023;
                  ``(B) $114,961,294 for fiscal year 2024;
                  ``(C) $117,190,719 for fiscal year 2025; and
                  ``(D) $119,237,332 for fiscal year 2026.'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(2) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) Transferability.--Of the amounts described in 
                clauses (i) and (ii) of subparagraph (C) for the Puerto 
                Rico highway program, Puerto Rico may transfer not to 
                exceed 50 percent in a fiscal year of such amounts for 
                activities described in clause (iii) of such 
                subparagraph.''.
          (3) in subsection (c)(6)(A)--
                  (A) by redesignating clauses (iv), (v), (vi), and 
                (vii) as clauses (v), (vi), (vii), and (viii), 
                respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after clause (iii) the following:
                          ``(iv) Ferry boats and terminal facilities 
                        that are privately or majority privately owned, 
                        in accordance with paragraphs (1), (2), (4), 
                        (5), (6), and (7) of section 129(c), that 
                        provide a substantial public benefit.''; and
          (4) by adding at the end the following:
  ``(d) Participation of Territories in Discretionary Programs.--For 
any program in which the Secretary may allocate funds out of the 
Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account) to a State at 
the discretion of the Secretary, the Secretary may allocate funds to 
one or more territory for any project or activity that otherwise would 
be eligible under such program if such project or activity was being 
carried out in a State.''.
  (b) Access and Development Roads.--Section 118(d) of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended by striking ``and the Commonwealth of Puerto 
Rico'' and inserting ``, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any other 
territory of the United States''.

SEC. 1502. TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

  Section 202 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``improving 
                deficient'' and inserting ``the construction and 
                reconstruction of'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by inserting 
                        ``construct,'' after ``project to''; and
                          (ii) in subparagraph (B)--
                                  (I) by striking ``deficient''; and
                                  (II) by inserting ``in poor 
                                condition'' after ``facility bridges''; 
                                and
                  (C) in paragraph (3)--
                          (i) in the heading by striking ``Eligible 
                        bridges'' and inserting ``Eligibility for 
                        existing bridges'';
                          (ii) by striking ``a bridge'' and inserting 
                        ``an existing bridge''; and
                          (iii) in subparagraph (C) by striking 
                        ``structurally deficient or functionally 
                        obsolete'' and inserting ``in poor condition''; 
                        and
          (2) in subsection (e) by striking ``for eligible projects 
        described in section 148(a)(4).'' and inserting the following: 
        ``for--
                  ``(A) eligible projects described in section 
                148(a)(4);
                  ``(B) projects to promote public awareness and 
                education concerning highway safety matters (including 
                bicycle, all-terrain, motorcyclist, and pedestrian 
                safety); or
                  ``(C) projects to enforce highway safety laws.''.

SEC. 1503. TRIBAL HIGH PRIORITY PROJECTS PROGRAM.

  (a) Tribal Transportation Program.--Section 202 of title 23, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) by redesignating subsection (f) as subsection (g); and
          (2) by inserting after subsection (e) the following:
  ``(f) Tribal High Priority Projects Program.--Before making any 
distribution under subsection (b), the Secretary shall set aside 
$50,000,000 from the funds made available under the tribal 
transportation program for each fiscal year to carry out the Tribal 
High Priority Projects program under section 1123 of MAP-21 (23 U.S.C. 
202 note).''.
  (b) Tribal High Priority Projects Program.--Section 1123 of MAP-21 
(23 U.S.C. 202 note) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(C) by striking ``required by that 
        section'' and inserting ``required under such program'';
          (2) in subsection (b)(1) by striking ``use amounts made 
        available under subsection (h) to'';
          (3) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2) by inserting ``, in consultation 
                with the Secretary of the Interior,'' after ``The 
                Secretary''; and
                  (B) in paragraph (3) by striking ``of the Interior'' 
                each place it appears;
          (4) in subsection (f) by striking ``$1,000,000'' and 
        inserting ``$5,000,000'';
          (5) in subsection (g) by striking ``and the Secretary'' and 
        inserting ``or the Secretary''; and
          (6) by striking subsection (h) and inserting the following:
  ``(h) Administration.--The funds made available to carry out this 
section shall be administered in the same manner as funds made 
available for the Tribal transportation program under section 202 of 
title 23, United States Code.''.

SEC. 1504. FEDERAL LANDS TRANSPORTATION PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Section 203(a) of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6) Transfer for high-commuter corridors.--
                  ``(A) Request.--If the head of a covered agency 
                determines that a high-commuter corridor requires 
                additional investment, based on the criteria described 
                in subparagraph (D), the head of a covered agency, with 
                respect to such corridor, shall submit to the State--
                          ``(i) information on condition of pavements 
                        and bridges;
                          ``(ii) an estimate of the amounts needed to 
                        bring such corridor into a state of good 
                        repair, taking into consideration any planned 
                        future investments; and
                          ``(iii) at the discretion of the head of a 
                        covered agency, a request that the State 
                        transfer to the covered agency, under the 
                        authority of section 132 or section 204, or to 
                        the Federal Highway Administration, under the 
                        authority of section 104, a portion of such 
                        amounts necessary to address the condition of 
                        the corridor.
                  ``(B) State response.--Not later than 45 days after 
                the date of receipt of the request described in 
                subparagraph (A)(iii), the State shall--
                          ``(i) approve the request;
                          ``(ii) deny the request and explain the 
                        reasons for such denial; or
                          ``(iii) request any additional information 
                        necessary to take action on the request.
                  ``(C) Notification to the secretary.--The head of a 
                covered agency shall provide to the Secretary a copy of 
                any request described under subparagraph (A)(iii) and 
                response described under subparagraph (B).
                  ``(D) Criteria.--In making a determination under 
                subparagraph (A), the head of a covered agency, with 
                respect to the corridor, shall consider--
                          ``(i) the condition of roads, bridges, and 
                        tunnels; and
                          ``(ii) the average annual daily traffic.
                  ``(E) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                          ``(i) Covered agency.--The term `covered 
                        agency' means a Federal agency eligible to 
                        receive funds under this section, section 203, 
                        or section 204, including the Army Corps of 
                        Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation, and the 
                        Bureau of Land Management.
                          ``(ii) High-commuter corridor.--The term 
                        `high-commuter corridor' means a Federal lands 
                        transportation facility that has an average 
                        annual daily traffic of not less than 20,000 
                        vehicles.''.
  (b) GAO Study Regarding NPS Maintenance.--
          (1) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States 
        shall study the National Park Service maintenance 
        prioritization of Federal lands transportation facilities.
          (2) Contents.--At minimum, the study under paragraph (1) 
        shall examine--
                  (A) general administrative maintenance of the 
                National Park Service;
                  (B) how the National Park Service currently 
                prioritizes maintenance of Federal facilities covered 
                under the Federal Lands Transportation Program;
                  (C) what kind of maintenance the National Parkway 
                Service is performing;
                  (D) to what degree does the National Park Service 
                prioritize high-commuter corridors; and
                  (E) how the National Park Service can better service 
                the needs of high commuter corridors.
          (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to 
        the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate a report summarizing the study and the 
        results of such study, including recommendations for addressing 
        the maintenance needs and prioritization of high-commuter 
        corridors.
          (4) Definition of high-commuter corridor.--In this section, 
        the term ``high-commuter corridor'' means a Federal lands 
        transportation facility that has average annual daily traffic 
        of not less than 20,000 vehicles.

SEC. 1505. FEDERAL LANDS AND TRIBAL MAJOR PROJECTS PROGRAM.

  (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 23, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 207 the following:

``Sec. 208. Federal lands and Tribal major projects program

  ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary shall establish a Federal lands 
and Tribal major projects program (referred to in this section as the 
`program') to provide funding to construct, reconstruct, or 
rehabilitate critical Federal lands and Tribal transportation 
infrastructure.
  ``(b) Eligible Applicants.--
          ``(1) In general.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), 
        entities eligible to receive funds under sections 201, 202, 
        203, and 204 may apply for funding under the program.
          ``(2) Special rule.--A State, county, or unit of local 
        government may only apply for funding under the program if 
        sponsored by an eligible Federal agency or Indian Tribe.
  ``(c) Eligible Projects.--An eligible project under the program shall 
be on a Federal lands transportation facility, a Federal lands access 
transportation facility, or a tribal transportation facility, except 
that such facility is not required to be included in an inventory 
described in section 202 or 203, and for which--
          ``(1) the project--
                  ``(A) has completed the activities required under the 
                National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.) which has been demonstrated through--
                          ``(i) a record of decision with respect to 
                        the project;
                          ``(ii) a finding that the project has no 
                        significant impact; or
                          ``(iii) a determination that the project is 
                        categorically excluded; or
                  ``(B) is reasonably expected to begin construction 
                not later than 18 months after the date of obligation 
                of funds for the project; and
          ``(2) the project has an estimated cost equal to or 
        exceeding--
                  ``(A) $12,500,000 if it is on a Federal lands 
                transportation facility or a Federal lands access 
                transportation facility; and
                  ``(B) $5,000,000 if it is on a Tribal transportation 
                facility.
  ``(d) Eligible Activities.--Grant amounts received for a project 
under this section may be used for--
          ``(1) development phase activities, including planning, 
        feasibility analysis, revenue forecasting, environmental 
        review, preliminary engineering and design work, and other 
        preconstruction activities; and
          ``(2) construction, reconstruction, and rehabilitation 
        activities.
  ``(e) Applications.--Eligible applicants shall submit to the 
Secretary an application at such time, in such form, and containing 
such information as the Secretary may require.
  ``(f) Project Requirements.--The Secretary may select a project to 
receive funds under the program only if the Secretary determines that 
the project--
          ``(1) improves the condition of critical transportation 
        facilities, including multimodal facilities;
          ``(2) cannot be easily and efficiently completed with amounts 
        made available under section 202, 203, or 204; and
          ``(3) is cost effective.
  ``(g) Merit Criteria.--In making a grant under this section, the 
Secretary shall consider whether the project--
          ``(1) will generate state of good repair, resilience, 
        economic competitiveness, quality of life, mobility, or safety 
        benefits;
          ``(2) in the case of a project on a Federal lands 
        transportation facility or a Federal lands access 
        transportation facility, has costs matched by funds that are 
        not provided under this section or this title; and
          ``(3) generates benefits for land owned by multiple Federal 
        land management agencies or Indian Tribes, or which spans 
        multiple States.
  ``(h) Evaluation and Rating.--To evaluate applications, the Secretary 
shall--
          ``(1) determine whether a project meets the requirements 
        under subsection (f);
          ``(2) evaluate, through a discernable and transparent 
        methodology, how each application addresses one or more merit 
        criteria established under subsection (g);
          ``(3) assign a rating for each merit criteria for each 
        application; and
          ``(4) consider applications only on the basis of such quality 
        ratings and which meet the minimally acceptable level for each 
        of the merit criteria.
  ``(i) Cost Share.--
          ``(1) Federal lands projects.--
                  ``(A) In general.--Notwithstanding section 120, the 
                Federal share of the cost of a project on a Federal 
                lands transportation facility or a Federal lands access 
                transportation facility shall be up to 90 percent.
                  ``(B) Non-federal share.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, any Federal funds may be used to pay 
                the non-Federal share of the cost of a project carried 
                out under this section.
          ``(2) Tribal projects.--The Federal share of the cost of a 
        project on a Tribal transportation facility shall be 100 
        percent.
  ``(j) Use of Funds.--For each fiscal year, of the amounts made 
available to carry out this section, not more than 50 percent shall be 
used for eligible projects on Federal lands transportation facilities 
or Federal lands access transportation facilities and Tribal 
transportation facilities, respectively.''.
  (b) Clerical Amendment.--The analysis for chapter 2 of title 23, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after the item relating to 
section 207 the following new item:

``208. Federal lands and Tribal major projects program.''.

  (c) Repeal.--Section 1123 of the FAST Act (23 U.S.C. 201 note), and 
the item related to such section in the table of contents under section 
1(b) of such Act, are repealed.

SEC. 1506. OFFICE OF TRIBAL GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS.

  Section 102 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (e)(1)--
                  (A) by striking ``6 Assistant'' and inserting ``7 
                Assistant'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (C) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (C) by redesignating subparagraph (D) as subparagraph 
                (E); and
                  (D) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
                following:
                  ``(D) an Assistant Secretary for Tribal Government 
                Affairs, who shall be appointed by the President; 
                and''; and
          (2) in subsection (f)--
                  (A) in the heading by striking ``Deputy Assistant 
                Secretary for Tribal Government Affairs'' and inserting 
                ``Office of Tribal Government Affairs''; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (1) and inserting the 
                following:
          ``(1) Establishment.--There is established in the Department 
        an Office of Tribal Government Affairs, under the Assistant 
        Secretary for Tribal Government Affairs, to--
                  ``(A) oversee the Tribal transportation self-
                governance program under section 207 of title 23;
                  ``(B) plan, coordinate, and implement policies and 
                programs serving Indian Tribes and Tribal 
                organizations;
                  ``(C) coordinate Tribal transportation programs and 
                activities in all offices and administrations of the 
                Department;
                  ``(D) provide technical assistance to Indian Tribes 
                and Tribal organizations;
                  ``(E) be a participant in any negotiated rulemakings 
                relating to, or having an impact on, projects, 
                programs, or funding associated with the tribal 
                transportation program under section 202 of title 23; 
                and
                  ``(F) ensure that Department programs have in place, 
                implement, and enforce requirements and obligations for 
                regular and meaningful consultation and collaboration 
                with Tribes and Tribal officials under Executive Order 
                No. 13175 and to serve as the primary advisor to the 
                Secretary and other Department components regarding 
                violations of those requirements.''.

SEC. 1507. ALTERNATIVE CONTRACTING METHODS.

  (a) Land Management Agencies and Tribal Governments.--Section 201 of 
title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following:
  ``(f) Alternative Contracting Methods.--
          ``(1) In general.--Notwithstanding any other provision of 
        law, the Secretary may use a contracting method available to a 
        State under this title on behalf of--
                  ``(A) a Federal land management agency, with respect 
                to any funds available pursuant to section 203 or 204;
                  ``(B) a Federal land management agency, with respect 
                to any funds available pursuant to section 1535 of 
                title 31 for any eligible use described in sections 
                203(a)(1) and 204(a)(1) of this title; or
                  ``(C) a Tribal Government, with respect to any funds 
                available pursuant to section 202(b)(7)(D).
          ``(2) Methods described.--The contracting methods referred to 
        in paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum--
                  ``(A) project bundling;
                  ``(B) bridge bundling;
                  ``(C) design-build contracting;
                  ``(D) 2-phase contracting;
                  ``(E) long-term concession agreements; and
                  ``(F) any method tested, or that could be tested, 
                under an experimental program relating to contracting 
                methods carried out by the Secretary.
          ``(3) Rule of construction.--Nothing in this subsection--
                  ``(A) affects the application of the Federal share 
                for a project carried out with a contracting method 
                under this subsection; or
                  ``(B) modifies the point of obligation of Federal 
                salaries and expenses.''.
  (b) Use of Alternative Contracting Method.--In carrying out the 
amendments made by this section, the Secretary shall--
          (1) in consultation with the applicable Federal land 
        management agencies, establish procedures that are--
                  (A) applicable to each alternative contracting 
                method; and
                  (B) to the maximum extent practicable, consistent 
                with requirements for Federal procurement transactions;
          (2) solicit input on the use of each alternative contracting 
        method from any affected industry prior to using such method; 
        and
          (3) analyze and prepare an evaluation of the use of each 
        alternative contracting method.

SEC. 1508. DIVESTITURE OF FEDERALLY OWNED BRIDGES.

  (a) In General.--The Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation may 
transfer ownership of a bridge that is owned by the Bureau of 
Reclamation if--
          (1) the ownership of the bridge is transferred to a State 
        with the concurrence of such State;
          (2) the State to which ownership is transferred agrees to 
        operate and maintain the bridge;
          (3) the transfer of ownership complies with all applicable 
        Federal requirements, including--
                  (A) section 138 of title 23, United States Code;
                  (B) section 306108 of title 54, United States Code; 
                and
                  (C) the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 
                U.S.C. 4321 et seq.); and
          (4) the Bureau of Reclamation and the State to which 
        ownership is being transferred jointly notify the Secretary of 
        Transportation of the intent to conduct a transfer prior to 
        such transfer.
  (b) Access.--In a transfer of ownership of a bridge under this 
section, the Commissioner of the Bureau of Reclamation--
          (1) shall not be required to transfer ownership of the land 
        on which the bridge is located or any adjacent lands; and
          (2) shall make arrangements with the State to which ownership 
        is being transferred to allow for adequate access to such 
        bridge, including for the purposes of construction, 
        maintenance, and bridge inspections pursuant to section 144 of 
        title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1509. STUDY ON FEDERAL FUNDING AVAILABLE TO INDIAN TRIBES.

  Not later than January 31 of each year, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and 
Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report that--
          (1) identifies the number of Indian Tribes that were direct 
        recipients of funds under any discretionary Federal highway, 
        transit, or highway safety program in the prior fiscal year;
          (2) lists the total amount of such funds made available 
        directly to such Tribes;
          (3) identifies the number and location of Indian Tribes that 
        were indirect recipients of funds under any formula-based 
        Federal highway, transit, or highway safety program in the 
        prior fiscal year; and
          (4) lists the total amount of such funds made available 
        indirectly to such tribes through states or other direct 
        recipients of Federal highway, transit or highway safety 
        funding.

SEC. 1510. GAO STUDY.

  (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the deferred maintenance of United States forest 
roads, including--
          (1) the current backlog;
          (2) the current actions on such maintenance and backlog;
          (3) the impacts of public safety due to such deferred 
        maintenance; and
          (4) recommendations for Congress on ways to address such 
        backlog.
  (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States shall submit to 
the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of 
the Senate a report containing the results of the study conducted under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 1511. FEDERAL LANDS ACCESS PROGRAM.

  Section 204(a) of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                  (A) in the matter preceding clause (i), by inserting 
                ``context-sensitive solutions,'' after 
                ``restoration,'';
                  (B) in clause (i), by inserting ``, including 
                interpretive panels in or adjacent to those areas'' 
                after ``areas'';
                  (C) in clause (v), by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (D) by redesignating clause (vi) as clause (ix); and
                  (E) by inserting after clause (v) the following:
                          ``(vi) contextual wayfinding markers;
                          ``(vii) landscaping;
                          ``(viii) cooperative mitigation of visual 
                        blight, including screening or removal; and''; 
                        and
          (2) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(6) Native plant materials.--In carrying out an activity 
        described in paragraph (1), the Secretary shall ensure that the 
        entity carrying out the activity considers--
                  ``(A) the use of locally adapted native plant 
                materials; and
                  ``(B) designs that minimize runoff and heat 
                generation.''.

                   Subtitle F--Additional Provisions

SEC. 1601. VISION ZERO.

  (a) In General.--A local government, metropolitan planning 
organization, or regional transportation planning organization may 
develop and implement a vision zero plan to significantly reduce or 
eliminate transportation-related fatalities and serious injuries within 
a specified timeframe, not to exceed 20 years.
  (b) Use of Funds.--Amounts apportioned to a State under paragraph (2) 
or (3) of section 104(b) of title 23, United States Code, may be used--
          (1) to carry out vision zero planning under this section or a 
        vulnerable road user safety assessment; and
          (2) to implement an existing vision zero plan.
  (c) Contents of Plan.--A vision zero plan under this section shall 
include--
          (1) a description of programs, strategies, or policies 
        intended to significantly reduce or eliminate transportation-
        related fatalities and serious injuries within a specified 
        timeframe, not to exceed 20 years, that is consistent with a 
        State strategic highway safety plan and uses existing 
        transportation data and consideration of risk factors;
          (2) plans for implementation of, education of the public 
        about, and enforcement of such programs, strategies, or 
        policies;
          (3) a description of how such programs, strategies, or 
        policies, and the enforcement of such programs, strategies, or 
        policies will--
                  (A) equitably invest in the safety needs of low-
                income and minority communities;
                  (B) ensure that such communities are not 
                disproportionately targeted by law enforcement; and
                  (C) protect the rights of members of such communities 
                with respect to title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 
                1964 (42 U.S.C. 2000d et seq.); and
          (4) a description of a mechanism to evaluate progress of the 
        development and implementation of the plan, including the 
        gathering and use of transportation safety and demographic 
        data.
  (d) Inclusions.--A vision zero plan may include a complete streets 
prioritization plan that identifies a specific list of projects to--
          (1) create a connected network of active transportation 
        facilities, including sidewalks, bikeways, or pedestrian and 
        bicycle trails, to connect communities and provide safe, 
        reliable, affordable, and convenient access to employment, 
        housing, and services, consistent with the goals described in 
        section 150(b) of title 23, United States Code;
          (2) integrate active transportation facilities with public 
        transportation service or improve access to public 
        transportation; and
          (3) improve transportation options for low-income and 
        minority communities.
  (e) Coordination.--A vision zero plan under this section shall 
provide for coordination of various subdivisions of a unit of local 
government in the implementation of the plan, including subdivisions 
responsible for law enforcement, public health, data collection, and 
public works.
  (f) Safety Performance Management.--A vision zero plan under this 
section is not sufficient to demonstrate compliance with the safety 
performance or planning requirements of section 148 or 150 of title 23, 
United States Code.
  (g) Guidance on Safe System Approach.--The Secretary of 
Transportation shall develop guidance on the consideration of a safe 
system approach in project planning, scoping, and design to facilitate 
the implementation of vision zero plans under this section and 
vulnerable road user assessments under section 148 of title 23, United 
States Code.
  (h) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``safe system approach'' 
and ``vulnerable road user safety assessment'' have the meanings given 
such terms in section 148 of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1602. SPEED LIMITS.

  (a) Speed Limits.--The Secretary of Transportation shall revise the 
Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices to provide for a safe system 
approach to setting speed limits, consistent with the safety 
recommendations issued by the National Transportation Safety Board on 
August 15, 2017, numbered H-17-27 and H-17-028.
  (b) Considerations.--In carrying out subparagraph (A), the Secretary 
shall consider--
          (1) crash statistics;
          (2) road geometry characteristics;
          (3) roadside characteristics;
          (4) traffic volume;
          (5) the possibility and likelihood of human error;
          (6) human injury tolerance;
          (7) the prevalence of vulnerable road users; and
          (8) any other consideration, consistent with a safe system 
        approach, as determined by the Secretary.
  (c) Report on Speed Management Program Plan.--Not later than 1 year 
after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall update and 
report on the implementation progress of the Speed Management Program 
Plan of the Department of Transportation, as described in the safety 
recommendation issued by the National Transportation Safety Board on 
August 15, 2017, numbered H-17-018.
  (d) Definitions.--In this section, the terms ``safe system approach'' 
and ``vulnerable road user'' have the meanings given such terms in 
section 148(a) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1603. DIG ONCE FOR BROADBAND INFRASTRUCTURE DEPLOYMENT.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Appropriate state agency.--The term ``appropriate State 
        agency'' means a State governmental agency that is recognized 
        by the executive branch of the State as having the experience 
        necessary to evaluate and facilitate the installation and 
        operation of broadband infrastructure within the State.
          (2) Broadband.--The term ``broadband'' has the meaning given 
        the term ``advanced telecommunications capability'' in section 
        706 of the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (47 U.S.C. 1302).
          (3) Broadband conduit.--The term ``broadband conduit'' means 
        a conduit or innerduct for fiber optic cables (or successor 
        technology of greater quality and speed) that supports the 
        provision of broadband.
          (4) Broadband infrastructure.--The term ``broadband 
        infrastructure'' means any buried or underground facility and 
        any wireless or wireline connection that enables the provision 
        of broadband.
          (5) Broadband provider.--The term ``broadband provider'' 
        means an entity that provides broadband to any person, 
        including, with respect to such entity--
                  (A) a corporation, company, association, firm, 
                partnership, nonprofit organization, or any other 
                private entity;
                  (B) a State or local broadband provider;
                  (C) an Indian Tribe; and
                  (D) a partnership between any of the entities 
                described in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C).
          (6) Covered highway construction project.--
                  (A) In general.--The term ``covered highway 
                construction project'' means, without regard to 
                ownership of a highway, a project funded under title 
                23, United States Code, and administered by a State 
                department of transportation to construct a new highway 
                or an additional lane for an existing highway, to 
                reconstruct an existing highway, or new construction, 
                including construction of a paved shoulder.
                  (B) Exclusions.--The term ``covered highway 
                construction project'' excludes any project--
                          (i) awarded before the date on which 
                        regulations required under subsection (b) take 
                        effect;
                          (ii) that does not include work beyond the 
                        edge of pavement or current paved shoulder;
                          (iii) that is less than a mile in length; or
                          (iv) that is--
                                  (I) a project primarily for 
                                resurfacing, restoration, 
                                rehabilitation, or maintenance;
                                  (II) a bicycle, pedestrian, 
                                transportation alternatives, sidewalk, 
                                recreational trails, or safe routes to 
                                school project;
                                  (III) an operational improvement (as 
                                such term is defined in section 101 of 
                                title 23, United States Code);
                                  (IV) a project primarily to install 
                                signage; or
                                  (V) a culvert project.
          (7) Dig once requirement.--The term ``dig once requirement'' 
        means a requirement designed to reduce the cost and accelerate 
        the deployment of broadband by minimizing the number and scale 
        of repeated excavations for the installation and maintenance of 
        broadband conduit or broadband infrastructure in rights-of-way.
          (8) Indian tribe.--The term ``Indian Tribe'' has the meaning 
        given such term in section 4(e) of the Indian Self-
        Determination and Education Assistance Act (25 U.S.C. 5304(e)).
          (9) NTIA administrator.--The term ``NTIA Administrator'' 
        means the Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications 
        and Information.
          (10) Project.--The term ``project'' has the meaning given 
        such term in section 101 of title 23, United States Code.
          (11) Secretary.--The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary 
        of Transportation.
          (12) State.--The term ``State'' has the meaning given such 
        term in section 401 of title 23, United States Code.
          (13) State or local broadband provider.--The term ``State or 
        local broadband provider'' means a State or political 
        subdivision thereof, or any agency, authority, or 
        instrumentality of a State or political subdivision thereof, 
        that provides broadband to any person or facilitates the 
        provision of broadband to any person in such State.
  (b) Dig Once Requirement.--Not later than 12 months after the date of 
enactment of this Act, to facilitate the installation of broadband 
infrastructure, the Secretary shall issue such regulations as may be 
necessary to ensure that each State that receives funds under chapter 1 
of title 23, United States Code, complies with the following 
provisions:
          (1) Broadband planning and notice.--The State department of 
        transportation, in consultation with appropriate State 
        agencies, shall--
                  (A) review existing State broadband plans, including 
                existing dig once requirements of the State, municipal 
                governments incorporated under State law, and Indian 
                tribes within the State, to determine opportunities to 
                coordinate covered highway construction projects 
                occurring within or across highway rights-of-way with 
                planned broadband infrastructure projects;
                  (B) identify a broadband coordinator, who may have 
                additional responsibilities in the State department of 
                transportation or in another State agency, that is 
                responsible for facilitating the broadband 
                infrastructure right-of-way efforts within the State; 
                and
                  (C) establish a process--
                          (i) for the registration of broadband 
                        providers that seek to be included in the 
                        advance notification of, and opportunity to 
                        participate in, broadband infrastructure right-
                        of-way facilitation efforts within the State; 
                        and
                          (ii) to electronically notify all broadband 
                        providers registered under clause (i)--
                                  (I) of the State transportation 
                                improvement program on at least an 
                                annual basis; and
                                  (II) of covered highway construction 
                                projects within the highway right-of-
                                way for which Federal funding is 
                                expected to be obligated in the 
                                subsequent fiscal year.
          (2) Coordination and compliance.--
                  (A) Mobile now act.--A State department of 
                transportation shall be considered to meet the 
                requirements of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph 
                (1) if such State department of transportation has been 
                determined to be in compliance with the requirements 
                established under section 607 of division P of the 
                Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2018 (47 U.S.C. 1504).
                  (B) Website.--A State department of transportation 
                shall be considered to meet the requirements of 
                paragraph (1)(C) if the State publishes on a public 
                website--
                          (i) the State transportation improvement 
                        program on at least an annual basis; and
                          (ii) covered highway construction projects 
                        within the highway right-of-way for which 
                        Federal funding is expected to be obligated in 
                        the subsequent fiscal year.
                  (C) Coordination.--The State department of 
                transportation, in consultation with appropriate State 
                agencies, shall by rule or regulation establish a 
                process for a broadband provider to commit to 
                installing broadband conduit or broadband 
                infrastructure as part of any covered highway 
                construction project.
                  (D) Appropriate state agency.--In lieu of the State 
                department of transportation, at the discretion of the 
                State, an appropriate State agency, in consultation 
                with the State department of transportation, may carry 
                out the requirements of paragraph (1).
          (3) Required installation of broadband conduit.--
                  (A) In general.--The State department of 
                transportation shall install broadband conduit, in 
                accordance with this paragraph (except as described in 
                subparagraph (F)), as part of any covered highway 
                construction project, unless a broadband provider has 
                committed to install broadband conduit or broadband 
                infrastructure as part of such project in a process 
                described under paragraph (2)(C).
                  (B) Installation requirements.--In installing 
                broadband conduit or broadband infrastructure as part 
                of a covered highway construction project, the State 
                department of transportation shall ensure that--
                          (i) installation pursuant to this paragraph 
                        of broadband conduit, broadband infrastructure, 
                        and means or points of access to such conduit 
                        or infrastructure (such as poles, hand holes, 
                        manholes, pull tape, or ducts) shall provide 
                        for the current and future safe operation of 
                        the traveled way, is consistent with part 645 
                        of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, and 
                        any accommodation policies of the State under 
                        such part to reasonably enable deployment of 
                        such conduit, infrastructure, and means or 
                        points of access, and any Damage Prevention and 
                        Underground Facilities Protection or related 
                        requirements of the State;
                          (ii) an appropriate number of broadband 
                        conduits, as determined in consultation with 
                        the appropriate State agencies, are installed 
                        along the right-of-way of a covered highway 
                        construction project to accommodate multiple 
                        broadband providers, with consideration given 
                        to the availability of existing broadband 
                        conduits;
                          (iii) the size of each broadband conduit is 
                        consistent with industry best practices, 
                        consistent with the requirements of part 645 of 
                        title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, and 
                        sufficient to accommodate anticipated demand, 
                        as determined in consultation with the 
                        appropriate State agencies;
                          (iv) any hand holes and manholes necessary 
                        for fiber access and pulling with respect to 
                        such conduit are placed at intervals consistent 
                        with standards determined in consultation with 
                        the appropriate State agencies (which may 
                        differ by type of road, topologies, and 
                        rurality) the requirements of part 645 of title 
                        23, Code of Federal Regulations, and other 
                        applicable safety requirements;
                          (v) each broadband conduit installed pursuant 
                        to this paragraph includes a pull tape and is 
                        capable of supporting fiber optic cable 
                        placement techniques consistent with best 
                        practices and the requirements of part 645 of 
                        title 23, Code of Federal Regulations;
                          (vi) broadband conduit is placed at a depth 
                        consistent with requirements of the covered 
                        highway construction project and best practices 
                        and that, in determining the depth of 
                        placement, consideration is given to the 
                        location of existing utilities and cable 
                        separation requirements of State and local 
                        electrical codes; and
                          (vii) installation of broadband conduit shall 
                        not preclude the installation of other specific 
                        socially, environmentally, or economically 
                        beneficial uses of the right-of-way, such as 
                        planned energy transmission or renewable energy 
                        generation projects.
                  (C) Programmatic review.--The State department of 
                transportation may make determinations on the 
                implementation of the requirements described in 
                subparagraph (B) on a programmatic basis.
                  (D) Access.--
                          (i) In general.--The State department of 
                        transportation shall ensure that any requesting 
                        broadband provider has access to each broadband 
                        conduit installed by the State pursuant to this 
                        paragraph, on a competitively neutral and 
                        nondiscriminatory basis and in accordance with 
                        State permitting, licensing, leasing, or other 
                        similar laws and regulations.
                          (ii) Socially beneficial use.--The 
                        installation of broadband conduit as part of a 
                        covered highway construction project shall be 
                        considered a socially-beneficial use of the 
                        right-of-way under section 156(b) of title 23, 
                        United States Code.
                          (iii) In-kind compensation.--The State 
                        department of transportation may negotiate in-
                        kind compensation with any broadband provider 
                        requesting access to broadband conduit 
                        installed under the provisions of this 
                        paragraph.
                          (iv) Safety considerations.--The State 
                        department of transportation shall provide for 
                        a process for a broadband provider to safely 
                        access to the highway right-of-way during 
                        installation and on-going maintenance of the 
                        broadband conduit and broadband infrastructure, 
                        including a traffic control safety plan.
                          (v) Communication.--A broadband provider with 
                        access to the conduit installed pursuant to 
                        this subsection shall notify, and receive 
                        permission from, the relevant agencies of State 
                        responsible for the installation of such 
                        broadband conduit prior to accessing any 
                        highway or highway right-of-way, in accordance 
                        with applicable Federal requirements.
                  (E) Treatment of projects.--Notwithstanding any other 
                provision of law, broadband conduit and broadband 
                infrastructure installation projects installed by a 
                State under this paragraph shall comply with section 
                113(a) of title 23, United States Code.
                  (F) Waiver authority.--
                          (i) In general.--A State department of 
                        transportation may waive the required 
                        installation of broadband conduit for part or 
                        all of any covered highway construction project 
                        under this paragraph if, in the determination 
                        of the State department of transportation--
                                  (I) broadband infrastructure, 
                                terrestrial broadband infrastructure, 
                                aerial broadband fiber cables, or 
                                broadband conduit is present near a 
                                majority of the length of the covered 
                                highway construction project;
                                  (II) installation of terrestrial or 
                                aerial broadband fiber cables 
                                associated with the covered highway 
                                construction project is more 
                                appropriate for the context or a more 
                                cost-effective means to facilitate 
                                broadband service to an area not 
                                adequately served by broadband and such 
                                installation is present or planned;
                                  (III) the installation of broadband 
                                conduit increases overall costs of a 
                                covered highway construction project by 
                                1.5 percent or greater;
                                  (IV) the installation of broadband 
                                conduit associated with the covered 
                                highway construction project is not 
                                reasonably expected to be utilized or 
                                connected to future broadband 
                                infrastructure in the 20 years 
                                following the date on which such 
                                determination is made, as determined by 
                                the State department of transportation, 
                                in consultation with appropriate State 
                                agencies and potentially affected local 
                                governments and Indian tribes;
                                  (V) the requirements of this 
                                paragraph would require installation of 
                                conduit redundant with a dig once 
                                requirement of a local government or 
                                Indian tribe;
                                  (VI) there exists a circumstance 
                                involving force majeure; or
                                  (VII) the installation of conduit is 
                                not appropriate based on other relevant 
                                factors established by the Secretary in 
                                consultation with the NTIA 
                                Administrator through regulation.
                          (ii) Contents of waiver.--A waiver authorized 
                        under this subparagraph shall--
                                  (I) identify the covered highway 
                                construction project; and
                                  (II) include a brief description of 
                                the determination of the State for 
                                issuing such waiver.
                          (iii) Availability of waiver.--Notification 
                        of a waiver authorized under this subparagraph 
                        shall be made publicly available, such as on a 
                        public website of the State department of 
                        transportation described in paragraph (2)(B).
                          (iv) Waiver determination.--
                                  (I) In general.--The State department 
                                of transportation shall be responsible 
                                for the waiver determination described 
                                under this paragraph, consistent with 
                                the regulation issued pursuant to this 
                                subsection, and may grant a 
                                programmatic waiver for categories of 
                                projects excluded under this 
                                subparagraph.
                                  (II) No private cause of action.--The 
                                waiver determination described under 
                                this paragraph shall be final and 
                                conclusive. Nothing in this section 
                                shall provide a private right or cause 
                                of action to challenge such 
                                determination in any court of law.
          (4) Priority.--If a State provides for the installation of 
        broadband infrastructure or broadband conduit in the right-of-
        way of a covered highway construction project, the State 
        department of transportation, along with appropriate State 
        agencies, shall carry out appropriate measures to ensure that 
        an existing broadband provider is afforded access that is non-
        discriminatory, competitively neutral, and equal in 
        opportunity, as compared to other broadband providers, with 
        respect to the program under this subsection.
  (c) Guidance for the Installation of Broadband Conduit.--The 
Secretary, in consultation with the NTIA Administrator, shall issue 
guidance for best practices related to the installation of broadband 
conduit as described in subsection (b)(2) and of conduit and similar 
infrastructure for intelligent transportation systems (as such term is 
defined in section 501 of title 23, United States Code) that may 
utilize broadband conduit installed pursuant to subsection (b)(2).
  (d) Consultation.--
          (1) In general.--In issuing regulations required by this 
        subsection or to implement any part of this section, the 
        Secretary shall consult--
                  (A) the NTIA Administrator;
                  (B) the Federal Communications Commission;
                  (C) State departments of transportation;
                  (D) appropriate State agencies;
                  (E) agencies of local governments responsible for 
                transportation and rights-of-way, utilities, and 
                telecommunications and broadband;
                  (F) Indian tribes;
                  (G) broadband providers; and
                  (H) manufacturers of optical fiber, conduit, pull 
                tape, and related items.
          (2) Broadband users.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        entities consulted under subparagraphs (C) through (F) of 
        paragraph (1) include entities that have expertise with rural 
        areas and populations with limited access to broadband 
        infrastructure.
          (3) Broadband providers.--The Secretary shall ensure that the 
        entities consulted under subparagraph (G) of paragraph (1) 
        include entities that provide broadband to rural areas and 
        populations with limited access to broadband infrastructure.
          (4) Consulting small municipalities.--The Secretary shall 
        ensure that the agencies of local governments consulted under 
        subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) include rural areas, 
        specifically agencies of local governments with populations 
        less than 50,000.
  (e) Oversight.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary shall periodically review 
        compliance with the regulations issued pursuant to this section 
        and ensure that State waiver determinations are consistent with 
        such regulations.
          (2) Efficient review.--The review described under paragraph 
        (1) may be carried out through the risk-based stewardship and 
        oversight program described under section 106(g) of title 23, 
        United States Code.
          (3) Effect of subsection.--Nothing in this subsection shall 
        affect or discharge any oversight responsibility of the 
        Secretary specifically provided for under title 23, United 
        States Code, or any other Federal law.
  (f) Additional Provisions.--
          (1) Applicability.--
                  (A) In general.--The portion of the regulation issued 
                pursuant to subsection (b) relating to the provisions 
                under paragraph (3) of such subsection shall not take 
                effect until a source of dedicated funding for the 
                installation and long term maintenance of broadband 
                conduit described in subsection (g)(2) is established.
                  (B) Applicability date.--Paragraphs (2) through (4) 
                of subsection (b) and subsection (d) shall apply only 
                to covered highway construction projects for which 
                Federal obligations or expenditures are initially 
                approved on or after the date on which regulations 
                required under this subsection take effect.
          (2) Rules of construction.--
                  (A) State law.--Nothing in this subsection shall be 
                construed to require a State to install or allow the 
                installation of broadband conduit or broadband 
                infrastructure--
                          (i) that is otherwise inconsistent with what 
                        is allowable under State law; or
                          (ii) where the State lacks the authority for 
                        such installation, such as any property right 
                        or easement necessary for such installation.
                  (B) No requirement for installation of mobile 
                services equipment.--Nothing in this section shall be 
                construed to require a State, a municipal government 
                incorporated under State law, or an Indian Tribe to 
                install or allow for the installation of equipment 
                essential for the provision of commercial mobile 
                services (as defined in section 332(d) of the 
                Communications Act of 1934 (47 U.S.C. 332(d))) or 
                commercial mobile data service (as defined in section 
                6001 of the Middle Class Tax Relief and Job Creation 
                Act of 2012 (47 U.S.C. 1401)), other than broadband 
                conduit and associated equipment described in paragraph 
                (3)(B).
          (3) Relation to state dig once requirements.--Nothing in 
        subsections (b), (c), (d), or (e) or any regulations issued 
        pursuant to subsection (b) shall be construed to alter or 
        supersede any provision of a State law or regulation that 
        provides for a dig once requirement that includes similar or 
        more stringent requirements to the provisions of subsections 
        (b), (c), (d), or (e) and any regulations promulgated under 
        subsection (b).
  (g) Dig Once Funding Task Force.--
          (1) Establishment.--The Secretary and the NTIA Administrator 
        shall jointly establish an independent task force on funding 
        the nationwide dig once requirement described in this section 
        to be known as the ``Dig Once Funding Task Force'' (hereinafter 
        referred to as the ``Task Force'').
          (2) Duties.--The duties of the Task Force shall be to--
                  (A) estimate the annual cost for implementing, 
                administering, and maintaining a nationwide dig once 
                requirement;
                  (B) propose and evaluate options for funding a 
                nationwide dig once requirement described in this 
                section that includes--
                          (i) a discussion of the role and potential 
                        share of costs of--
                                  (I) the Federal Government;
                                  (II) State and local governments and 
                                Indian tribes; and
                                  (III) broadband providers installing 
                                broadband conduit or broadband 
                                infrastructure under this section;
                          (ii) consideration of the role of existing 
                        dig once requirements on States, local 
                        governments, and Indian tribes and the role of 
                        private broadband investment, with a goal to 
                        not discourage or disincentivize such dig once 
                        requirements or such investment; and
                          (iii) evaluating the appropriate entity or 
                        entities responsible for maintaining the 
                        broadband infrastructure and conduit installed 
                        pursuant to a dig once requirement; and
                  (C) propose a cost-based model fee schedule for a 
                State to charge a broadband provider to access and use 
                conduit installed by such State pursuant to this 
                section that--
                          (i) shall consider costs (including 
                        administrative costs) associated with 
                        installation and long-term maintenance of the 
                        broadband conduit installed pursuant to this 
                        section;
                          (ii) may vary by topography, location, type 
                        of road, rurality, and other factors; and
                          (iii) may consider financial and market 
                        incentives for expanding broadband 
                        infrastructure.
          (3) Reports.--
                  (A) Interim report and briefing.--Not later than 9 
                months after the appointment of Members to the Task 
                Force under paragraph (4)(D), the Task Force shall--
                          (i) submit to Congress an interim report on 
                        the findings of the Task Force; and
                          (ii) provide briefings for Congress on the 
                        findings of the Task Force.
                  (B) Final report.--Not later than 3 months after the 
                submission of the interim report under subparagraph 
                (A), the Task Force shall submit to Congress a final 
                report on the findings of the Task Force.
          (4) Members.--
                  (A) Appointments.--The Task Force shall consist of 14 
                members, comprising--
                          (i) 2 co-chairs described in subparagraph 
                        (B);
                          (ii) 6 members jointly appointed by the 
                        Speaker and minority leader of the House of 
                        Representatives, in consultation with the 
                        respective Chairs and Ranking Members of--
                                  (I) the Committee on Transportation 
                                and Infrastructure of the House of 
                                Representatives;
                                  (II) the Committee on Energy and 
                                Commerce of the House of 
                                Representatives; and
                                  (III) the Committee on Appropriations 
                                of the House of Representatives; and
                          (iii) 6 members jointly appointed by the 
                        majority leader and minority leader of the 
                        Senate, in consultation with the respective 
                        Chairs and Ranking Members of the--
                                  (I) the Committee on Environment and 
                                Public Works of the Senate;
                                  (II) the Committee on Commerce, 
                                Science, and Transportation of the 
                                Senate; and
                                  (III) the Committee on Appropriations 
                                of the Senate.
                  (B) Co-chairs.--The Task Force shall be co-chaired by 
                the Secretary and the NTIA Administrator, or the 
                designees of the Secretary and NTIA Administrator.
                  (C) Composition.--The Task Force shall include at 
                least--
                          (i) 1 representative from a State department 
                        of transportation;
                          (ii) 1 representative from a local 
                        government;
                          (iii) 1 representative from an Indian tribe;
                          (iv) 1 representative from a broadband 
                        provider;
                          (v) 1 representative from a State or local 
                        broadband provider;
                          (vi) 1 representative from a labor union; and
                          (vii) 1 representative from a public interest 
                        organization.
                  (D) Appointment deadline.--Members shall be appointed 
                to the Task Force not later than 60 days after the date 
                of enactment of this Act.
                  (E) Terms.--Members shall be appointed for the life 
                of the Task Force. A vacancy in the Task Force shall 
                not affect the powers of the Task Force and the vacancy 
                shall be filled in the same manner as the initial 
                appointment was made.
          (5) Consultations.--In carrying out the duties required under 
        this subsection, the Task Force shall consult, at a minimum--
                  (A) the Federal Communications Commission;
                  (B) agencies of States including--
                          (i) State departments of transportation; and
                          (ii) appropriate State agencies;
                  (C) agencies of local governments responsible for 
                transportation and rights-of-way, utilities, and 
                telecommunications and broadband;
                  (D) Indian tribes;
                  (E) broadband providers and other telecommunications 
                providers;
                  (F) labor unions; and
                  (G) State or local broadband providers and Indian 
                tribes that act as broadband providers.
          (6) Additional provisions.--
                  (A) Expenses for non-federal members.--Non-Federal 
                members of the Task Force shall be allowed travel 
                expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, at 
                rates authorized for employees under subchapter I of 
                chapter 57 of title 5, United States Code, while away 
                from the homes or regular places of business of such 
                members in the performance of services for the Task 
                Force.
                  (B) Staff.--Staff of the Task Force shall comprise 
                detailees with relevant expertise from the Department 
                of Transportation and the National Telecommunications 
                and Information Administration, or another Federal 
                agency that the co-chairpersons consider appropriate, 
                with the consent of the head of the Federal agency, and 
                such detailees shall retain the rights, status, and 
                privileges of the regular employment of such detailees 
                without interruption.
                  (C) Administrative assistance.--The Secretary and 
                NTIA Administrator shall provide to the Task Force on a 
                reimbursable basis administrative support and other 
                services for the performance of the functions of the 
                Task Force.
          (7) Termination.--The Task Force shall terminate not later 
        than 90 days after submission of the final report required 
        under paragraph (3)(B).

SEC. 1604. STORMWATER BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES.

  (a) Study.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation and the 
        Administrator shall seek to enter into an agreement with the 
        Transportation Research Board of the National Academy of 
        Sciences to under which the Transportation Research Board shall 
        conduct a study--
                  (A) to estimate pollutant loads from stormwater 
                runoff from highways and pedestrian facilities eligible 
                for assistance under title 23, United States Code, to 
                inform the development of appropriate total maximum 
                daily load requirements;
                  (B) to provide recommendations (including recommended 
                revisions to existing laws and regulations) regarding 
                the evaluation and selection by State departments of 
                transportation of potential stormwater management and 
                total maximum daily load compliance strategies within a 
                watershed, including environmental restoration and 
                pollution abatement carried out under section 328 of 
                title 23, United States Code;
                  (C) to examine the potential for the Secretary to 
                assist State departments of transportation in carrying 
                out and communicating stormwater management practices 
                for highways and pedestrian facilities that are 
                eligible for assistance under title 23, United States 
                Code, through information-sharing agreements, database 
                assistance, or an administrative platform to provide 
                the information described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) 
                to entities issued permits under the Federal Water 
                Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq.); and
                  (D) to examine the benefit of concentrating 
                stormwater retrofits in impaired watersheds and 
                selecting such retrofits according to a process that 
                depends on a watershed management plan developed in 
                accordance with section 319 of the Federal Water 
                Pollution Control Act (33 U.S.C. 1329).
          (2) Requirements.--In conducting the study under the 
        agreement entered into pursuant to paragraph (1), the 
        Transportation Research Board shall--
                  (A) review and supplement, as appropriate, the 
                methodologies examined and recommended in the 2019 
                report of the National Academies of Sciences, 
                Engineering, and Medicine titled ``Approaches for 
                Determining and Complying with TMDL Requirements 
                Related to Roadway Stormwater Runoff'';
                  (B) consult with--
                          (i) the Secretary of Transportation;
                          (ii) the Secretary of Agriculture;
                          (iii) the Administrator;
                          (iv) the Secretary of the Army, acting 
                        through the Chief of Engineers; and
                          (v) State departments of Transportation; and
                  (C) solicit input from--
                          (i) stakeholders with experience in 
                        implementing stormwater management practices 
                        for projects; and
                          (ii) educational and technical stormwater 
                        management groups.
          (3) Report.--In carrying out the agreement entered into 
        pursuant to paragraph (1), not later than 18 months after the 
        date of enactment of this Act, the Transportation Research 
        Board shall submit to the Secretary of Transportation, the 
        Administrator, the Committee on Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives, and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        report describing the results of the study.
  (b) Stormwater Best Management Practices Reports.--
          (1) Reissuance.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall update and 
        reissue the best management practices reports to reflect new 
        information and advancements in stormwater management.
          (2) Updates.--Not less frequently than once every 5 years 
        after the date on which the Secretary reissues the best 
        management practices reports under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
        shall update and reissue the best management practices reports, 
        unless the contents of the best management practices reports 
        have been incorporated (including by reference) into applicable 
        regulations of the Secretary.
  (c) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Administrator.--The term ``Administrator'' means the 
        Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
          (2) Best management practices reports.--The term ``best 
        management practices reports'' means--
                  (A) the 2014 report sponsored by the Department of 
                Transportation titled ``Determining the State of the 
                Practice in Data Collection and Performance Measurement 
                of Stormwater Best Management Practices'' (FHWA-HEP-16-
                021); and
                  (B) the 2000 report sponsored by the Department of 
                Transportation titled ``Stormwater Best Management 
                Practices in an Ultra-Urban Setting: Selection and 
                Monitoring''.
          (3) Total maximum daily load.--The term ``total maximum daily 
        load'' has the meaning given such term in section 130.2 of 
        title 40, Code of Federal Regulations (or successor 
        regulations).

SEC. 1605. PEDESTRIAN FACILITIES IN THE PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance 
Board under the authority of section 502(b)(3) of the Rehabilitation 
Act of 1973 (29 U.S.C. 792(b)(3)), shall publish final accessibility 
guidelines setting forth minimum standards for pedestrian facilities in 
the public right-of-way, including shared use paths.
  (b) Adoption of Regulations.--Not later than 180 days after the 
establishment of the guidelines pursuant to subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall issue such regulations as are necessary to adopt such 
guidelines.

SEC. 1606. HIGHWAY FORMULA MODERNIZATION REPORT.

  (a) Highway Formula Modernization Study.--
          (1) In general.--The Secretary of Transportation, in 
        consultation with the State departments of transportation and 
        representatives of local governments (including metropolitan 
        planning organizations), shall conduct a highway formula 
        modernization study to assess the method and data used to 
        apportion Federal-aid highway funds under subsections (b) and 
        (c) of section 104 of title 23, United States Code, and issue 
        recommendations on such method and data.
          (2) Assessment.--The highway formula modernization study 
        required under paragraph (1) shall include an assessment of, 
        based on the latest available data, whether the apportionment 
        method under such section results in--
                  (A) an equitable distribution of funds based on the 
                estimated tax payments attributable to--
                          (i) highway users in the State that are paid 
                        into the Highway Trust Fund; and
                          (ii) individuals in the State that are paid 
                        to the Treasury, based on contributions to the 
                        Highway Trust Fund from the general fund of the 
                        Treasury; and
                  (B) the achievement of the goals described in section 
                101(b)(3) of title 23, United States Code.
          (3) Considerations.--In carrying out the assessment under 
        paragraph (2), the Secretary shall consider the following:
                  (A) The factors described in sections 104(b), 
                104(f)(2), 104(h)(2), 130(f), and 144(e) of title 23, 
                United States Code, as in effect on the date of 
                enactment of SAFETEA-LU (Public Law 109-59).
                  (B) The availability and accuracy of data necessary 
                to calculate formula apportionments under the factors 
                described in subparagraph (A).
                  (C) The measures established under section 150 of 
                title 23, United States Code, and whether such measures 
                are appropriate for consideration as formula 
                apportionment factors.
                  (D) The results of the CMAQ formula modernization 
                study required under subsection (b).
                  (E) Inclusion of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 
                the apportionment under subsections (b) and (c) of 
                section 104 of such title, including an estimate of the 
                anticipated contributions to the Highway Trust Fund 
                from the citizens of Puerto Rico if Puerto Rico was 
                subject to applicable highway user fees.
                  (F) A needs-based assessment of the share of Federal-
                aid highway funds that should be made available to the 
                territories described under section 165(c) of such 
                title.
                  (G) Any other factors that the Secretary determines 
                are appropriate.
          (4) Recommendations.--The Secretary shall, in consultation 
        with the State departments of transportation and 
        representatives of local governments (including metropolitan 
        planning organizations), develop recommendations on a new 
        apportionment method, including--
                  (A) the factors recommended to be included in such 
                apportionment method;
                  (B) the weighting recommended to be applied to the 
                factors under subparagraph (A); and
                  (C) any other recommendations to ensure that the 
                apportionment method best achieves an equitable 
                distribution of funds described under paragraph (2)(A) 
                and the goals described in paragraph (2)(B).
  (b) CMAQ Formula Modernization Study.--
          (1) In general.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in 
        consultation with the Administrator of the Environmental 
        Protection Agency, shall conduct an CMAQ formula modernization 
        study to assess whether the apportionment method under section 
        104(b)(4) of title 23, United States Code, results in a 
        distribution of funds that best achieves the air quality goals 
        of section 149 of such title.
          (2) Considerations.--In providing consultation under this 
        subsection, the Administrator of the Environmental Protection 
        Agency shall provide to the Secretary an analysis of--
                  (A) factors that contribute to the apportionment, 
                including population, types of pollutants, and severity 
                of pollutants, as such factors were determined on the 
                date prior to the date of enactment of MAP-21;
                  (B) the weighting of the factors listed under 
                subparagraph (A); and
                  (C) the recency of the data used in making the 
                apportionment under section 104(b)(4) of title 23, 
                United States Code.
          (3) Recommendations.--If, in conducting the study under this 
        subsection, the Secretary finds that modifying the 
        apportionment method under section 104(b)(4) of title 23, 
        United States Code, would best achieve the air quality goals of 
        section 149 of title 23, United States Code, the Secretary 
        shall, in consultation with the Administrator, include in such 
        study recommendations for a new apportionment method, 
        including--
                  (A) the factors recommended to be included in such 
                apportionment method;
                  (B) the weighting recommended to be applied to the 
                factors under subparagraph (A); and
                  (C) any other recommendations to ensure that the 
                apportionment method best achieves the air quality 
                goals section 149 of such title.
  (c) Report.--No later than 2 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate a report containing the 
results of the highway formula modernization study and the CMAQ formula 
modernization study.

SEC. 1607. CONSOLIDATION OF PROGRAMS.

  Section 1519 of MAP-21 (Public Law 112-141) is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) by striking ``fiscal years 2016 through 2020'' 
                and inserting ``fiscal years 2023 through 2026''; and
                  (B) by striking ``$3,500,000'' and inserting 
                ``$4,000,000'';
          (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as subsections 
        (c) and (d), respectively; and
          (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following:
  ``(b) Federal Share.--The Federal share of the cost of a project or 
activity carried out under subsection (a) shall be 100 percent.''.

SEC. 1608. STUDENT OUTREACH REPORT TO CONGRESS.

  (a) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall submit to the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
report that describes the efforts of the Department of Transportation 
to encourage elementary, secondary, and post-secondary students to 
pursue careers in the surface transportation sector.
  (b) Contents.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include--
          (1) a description of efforts to increase awareness of careers 
        related to surface transportation among elementary, secondary, 
        and post-secondary students;
          (2) a description of efforts to prepare and inspire such 
        students for surface transportation careers;
          (3) a description of efforts to support the development of a 
        diverse, well-qualified workforce for future surface 
        transportation needs; and
          (4) the effectiveness of the efforts described in paragraphs 
        (1) through (3).

SEC. 1609. TASK FORCE ON DEVELOPING A 21ST CENTURY SURFACE 
                    TRANSPORTATION WORKFORCE.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 90 days after the date of enactment 
of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall establish a task 
force on developing a 21st century surface transportation workforce (in 
this section referred to as the ``Task Force'').
  (b) Duties.--Not later than 12 months after the establishment of the 
Task Force under subsection (a), the Task Force shall develop and 
submit to the Secretary recommendations and strategies for the 
Department of Transportation to--
          (1) evaluate the current and future state of the surface 
        transportation workforce, including projected job needs in the 
        surface transportation sector;
          (2) identify factors influencing individuals pursuing careers 
        in surface transportation, including barriers to attracting 
        individuals into the workforce;
          (3) address barriers to retaining individuals in surface 
        transportation careers;
          (4) identify and address potential impacts of emerging 
        technologies on the surface transportation workforce;
          (5) increase access for vulnerable or underrepresented 
        populations, especially women and minorities, to high-skill, 
        in-demand surface transportation careers;
          (6) facilitate and encourage elementary, secondary, and post-
        secondary students in the United States to pursue careers in 
        the surface transportation sector; and
          (7) identify and develop pathways for students and 
        individuals to secure pre-apprenticeships, registered 
        apprenticeships, and other work-based learning opportunities in 
        the surface transportation sector of the United States.
  (c) Considerations.--In developing recommendations and strategies 
under subsection (b), the Task Force shall--
          (1) identify factors that influence whether young people 
        pursue careers in surface transportation, especially 
        traditionally underrepresented populations, including women and 
        minorities;
          (2) consider how the Department, businesses, industry, labor, 
        educators, and other stakeholders can coordinate efforts to 
        support qualified individuals in pursuing careers in the 
        surface transportation sector;
          (3) identify methods of enhancing surface transportation pre-
        apprenticeships and registered apprenticeships, job skills 
        training, mentorship, education, and outreach programs that are 
        exclusive to youth in the United States; and
          (4) identify potential sources of funding, including grants 
        and scholarships, that may be used to support youth and other 
        qualified individuals in pursuing careers in the surface 
        transportation sector.
  (d) Consultation.--In developing the recommendations and strategies 
required under subsection (b), the Task Force may consult with--
          (1) local educational agencies and institutes of higher 
        education, including community colleges and vocational schools; 
        and
          (2) State workforce development boards.
  (e) Report.--Not later than 60 days after the submission of the 
recommendations and strategies under subsection (b), the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
the House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and 
Public Works of the Senate a report containing such recommendations and 
strategies.
  (f) Composition of Task Force.--The Secretary shall appoint members 
to the Task Force whose diverse background and expertise allow such 
members to contribute balanced points of view and ideas in carrying out 
this section, comprised of equal representation from each of the 
following:
          (1) Industries in the surface transportation sector.
          (2) Surface transportation sector labor organizations.
          (3) Such other surface transportation stakeholders and 
        experts as the Secretary considers appropriate.
  (g) Period of Appointment.--Members shall be appointed to the Task 
Force for the duration of the existence of the Task Force.
  (h) Compensation.--Task Force members shall serve without 
compensation.
  (i) Sunset.--The Task Force shall terminate upon the submission of 
the report required under subsection (e).
  (j) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Pre-apprenticeship.--The term ``pre-apprenticeship'' 
        means a training model or program that prepares individuals for 
        acceptance into a registered apprenticeship and has a 
        demonstrated partnership with one or more registered 
        apprenticeships.
          (2) Registered apprenticeship.--The term ``registered 
        apprenticeship'' means an apprenticeship program registered 
        under the Act of August 16, 1937 (29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.; 
        commonly known as the ``National Apprenticeship Act''), that 
        satisfies the requirements of parts 29 and 30 of title 29, Code 
        of Federal Regulations (as in effect on January 1, 2020).

SEC. 1610. ON-THE-JOB TRAINING AND SUPPORTIVE SERVICES.

  Section 140(b) of title 23, United States Code, is amended to read as 
follows:
  ``(b) Workforce Training and Development.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary, in cooperation with the 
        Secretary of Labor and any other department or agency of the 
        Government, State agency, authority, association, institution, 
        Indian Tribe or Tribal organization, corporation (profit or 
        nonprofit), or any other organization or person, is authorized 
        to develop, conduct, and administer surface transportation and 
        technology training, including skill improvement programs, and 
        to develop and fund summer transportation institutes.
          ``(2) State responsibilities.--A State department of 
        transportation participating in the program under this 
        subsection shall--
                  ``(A) develop an annual workforce plan that 
                identifies immediate and anticipated workforce gaps and 
                underrepresentation of women and minorities and a 
                detailed plan to fill such gaps and address such 
                underrepresentation;
                  ``(B) establish an annual workforce development 
                compact with the State workforce development board and 
                appropriate agencies to provide a coordinated approach 
                to workforce training, job placement, and 
                identification of training and skill development 
                program needs, which shall be coordinated to the extent 
                practical with an institution or agency, such as a 
                State workforce development board under section 101 of 
                the Workforce Innovation and Opportunities Act (29 
                U.S.C. 3111), that has established skills training, 
                recruitment, and placement resources; and
                  ``(C) demonstrate program outcomes, including--
                          ``(i) impact on areas with transportation 
                        workforce shortages;
                          ``(ii) diversity of training participants;
                          ``(iii) number and percentage of participants 
                        obtaining certifications or credentials 
                        required for specific types of employment;
                          ``(iv) employment outcome, including job 
                        placement and job retention rates and earnings, 
                        using performance metrics established in 
                        consultation with the Secretary of Labor and 
                        consistent with metrics used by programs under 
                        the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act 
                        (29 U.S.C. 3101 et seq.); and
                          ``(v) to the extent practical, evidence that 
                        the program did not preclude workers that 
                        participate in training or registered 
                        apprenticeship activities under the program 
                        from being referred to, or hired on, projects 
                        funded under this chapter.
          ``(3) Funding.--From administrative funds made available 
        under section 104(a), the Secretary shall deduct such sums as 
        necessary, not to exceed $10,000,000 in each fiscal year, for 
        the administration of this subsection. Such sums shall remain 
        available until expended.
          ``(4) Nonapplicability of title 41.--Subsections (b) through 
        (d) of section 6101 of title 41 shall not apply to contracts 
        and agreements made under the authority granted to the 
        Secretary under this subsection.
          ``(5) Use of surface transportation program and national 
        highway performance program funds.--Notwithstanding any other 
        provision of law, not to exceed \1/2\ of 1 percent of funds 
        apportioned to a State under paragraph (1) or (2) of section 
        104(b) may be available to carry out this subsection upon 
        request of the State transportation department to the 
        Secretary.''.

SEC. 1611. APPALACHIAN DEVELOPMENT HIGHWAY SYSTEM FUNDING FLEXIBILITY.

  (a) In General.--Any funds made available to a State for the 
Appalachian development highway system program under subtitle IV of 
title 40, United States Code, before the date of enactment of this Act 
may be used, at the request of such State to the Secretary of 
Transportation, for the purposes described in section 133(b) of title 
23, United States Code.
  (b) Limitation.--The authority in subsection (a) may only be used by 
an Appalachian development highway system State if all of the 
Appalachian development highway system corridors authorized by subtitle 
IV of title 40, United States Code, in such State, have been fully 
completed and are open to traffic prior to the State making a request 
to the Secretary as described in subsection (a).

SEC. 1612. TRANSPORTATION EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

  Section 504 of title 23, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (e)(1) by inserting ``and (8) through (9)'' 
        after ``paragraphs (1) through (4)''; and
          (2) in subsection (f) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Reports.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committee 
        on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate an annual report that includes--
                  ``(A) a list of all grant recipients under this 
                subsection;
                  ``(B) an explanation of why each recipient was chosen 
                in accordance with the criteria under paragraph (2);
                  ``(C) a summary of each recipient's objective to 
                carry out the purpose described in paragraph (1) and an 
                analysis of progress made toward achieving each such 
                objective;
                  ``(D) an accounting for the use of Federal funds 
                obligated or expended in carrying out this subsection; 
                and
                  ``(E) an analysis of outcomes of the program under 
                this subsection.''.

SEC. 1613. WORKING GROUP ON CONSTRUCTION RESOURCES.

  (a) Establishment.--Not later than 120 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
a working group (in this section referred to as the ``Working Group'') 
to conduct a study on access to covered resources for infrastructure 
projects.
  (b) Membership.--
          (1) Appointment.--The Secretary shall appoint to the Working 
        Group individuals with knowledge and expertise in the 
        production and transportation of covered resources.
          (2) Representation.--The Working Group shall include at least 
        one representative of each of the following:
                  (A) State departments of transportation.
                  (B) State agencies associated with covered resources 
                protection.
                  (C) State planning and geologic survey and mapping 
                agencies.
                  (D) Commercial motor vehicle operators, including 
                small business operators and operators who transport 
                covered resources.
                  (E) Covered resources producers.
                  (F) Construction contractors.
                  (G) Labor organizations.
                  (H) Metropolitan planning organizations and regional 
                planning organizations.
                  (I) Indian Tribes.
                  (J) Professional surveying, mapping, and geospatial 
                organizations.
                  (K) Any other stakeholders that the Secretary 
                determines appropriate.
          (3) Termination.--The Working Group shall terminate 6 months 
        after the date on which the Secretary receives the report under 
        subsection (e)(1).
  (c) Duties.--In carrying out the study required under subsection (a), 
the Working Group shall analyze--
          (1) the use of covered resources in transportation projects 
        funded with Federal dollars;
          (2) how the proximity of covered resources to such projects 
        affects the cost and environmental impact of such projects;
          (3) whether and how State, Tribal, and local transportation 
        and planning agencies consider covered resources when 
        developing transportation projects; and
          (4) any challenges for transportation project sponsors 
        regarding access and proximity to covered resources.
  (d) Consultation.--In carrying out the study required under 
subsection (a), the Working Group shall consult with, as appropriate--
          (1) chief executive officers of States;
          (2) State and local transportation planning agencies;
          (3) Indian Tribes;
          (4) other relevant State, Tribal, and local agencies, 
        including State agencies associated with covered resources 
        protection;
          (5) members of the public with industry experience with 
        respect to covered resources;
          (6) other Federal entities that provide funding for 
        transportation projects; and
          (7) any other stakeholder the Working Group determines 
        appropriate.
  (e) Reports.--
          (1) Working group report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date on which the Working Group is established, the Working 
        Group shall submit to the Secretary a report that includes--
                  (A) the findings of the study required under 
                subsection (a), including a summary of comments 
                received during the consultation process under 
                subsection (d); and
                  (B) any recommendations to preserve access to and 
                reduce the costs and environmental impacts of covered 
                resources for infrastructure projects.
          (2) Departmental report.--Not later than 3 months after the 
        date on which the Secretary receives the report under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate a summary of the findings under such report 
        and any recommendations, as appropriate.
  (f) Definitions.--In this section:
          (1) Covered resources.--The term ``covered resources'' means 
        common variety materials used in transportation infrastructure 
        construction and maintenance, including stone, sand, and 
        gravel.
          (2) State.--The term ``State'' means each of the several 
        States, the District of Columbia, and each territory or 
        possession of the United States.

SEC. 1614. NUMBERING SYSTEM OF HIGHWAY INTERCHANGES.

  (a) In General.--Notwithstanding section 315 of title 23, United 
States Code, and section 1.36 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, 
the Secretary of Transportation may not impose a penalty on a State 
that does not comply with section 2E.31 of the Manual on Uniform 
Traffic Control Devices (or a successor section) with respect to the 
numbering of highway interchanges.
  (b) Applicability.--Subsection (a) shall only apply to a method of 
numbering of a highway interchange in effect on the date of enactment 
of this Act.

SEC. 1615. TOLL CREDITS.

  (a) Purposes.--The Secretary of Transportation shall--
          (1) identify the extent of the demand to purchase toll 
        credits;
          (2) identify the expected cash price of toll credits;
          (3) analyze the impact of the exchange of toll credits on 
        transportation expenditures; and
          (4) identify any other repercussions of establishing a toll 
        credit exchange.
  (b) Solicitation.--To carry out the requirements of this section, the 
Secretary shall solicit information from States eligible to use a 
credit under section 120(i) of title 23, United States Code, 
including--
          (1) the amount of unused toll credits, including--
                  (A) toll revenue generated and the sources of that 
                revenue;
                  (B) toll revenue used by public, quasi-public, and 
                private agencies to build, improve, or maintain 
                highways, bridges, or tunnels that serve the public 
                purpose of interstate commerce; and
                  (C) an accounting of any Federal funds used by the 
                public, quasi-public, or private agency to build, 
                improve, or maintain the toll facility, to validate 
                that the credit has been reduced by a percentage equal 
                to the percentage of the total cost of building, 
                improving, or maintaining the facility that was derived 
                from Federal funds;
          (2) the documentation of maintenance of effort for toll 
        credits earned by the State; and
          (3) the accuracy of the accounting system of the State to 
        earn and track toll credits.
  (c) Website.--The Secretary shall make available a publicly 
accessible website on which a State eligible to use a credit under 
section 120(i) of title 23, United States Code shall publish the 
information described under subsection (b)(1).
  (d) Evaluation and Recommendations to Congress.--Not later than 2 
years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
provide to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate, and make publicly available on the website of the 
Department of Transportation--
          (1) an evaluation of the accuracy of the accounting and 
        documentation of toll credits earned under section 120(i);
          (2) a determination whether a toll credit marketplace is 
        viable and cost effective;
          (3) estimates, to the extent possible, of the average sale 
        price of toll credits; and
          (4) recommendations on any modifications necessary, including 
        legislative changes, to establish and implement a toll credit 
        exchange program.
  (e) Definition.--In this section, the term ``State'' has the meaning 
given the term in section 101(a) of title 23, United States Code.

SEC. 1616. TRANSPORTATION CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS PROCUREMENT.

  (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall initiate a 
review of the procurement processes used by State departments of 
transportation to select construction materials on projects utilizing 
Federal-aid highway funds.
  (b) Contents.--The review under subsection (a) shall include--
          (1) a review of competitive practices in the bidding process 
        for transportation construction materials;
          (2) a list of States that currently issue bids that include 
        flexibility in the type of construction materials used to meet 
        the project specifications;
          (3) any information provided by States on considerations that 
        influence the decision to include competition by type of 
        material in transportation construction projects;
          (4) any data on whether issuing bids that include flexibility 
        in the type of construction materials used to meet the project 
        specifications will affect project costs over the lifecycle of 
        an asset;
          (5) any data on the degree to which competition leads to 
        greater use of sustainable, innovative, or resilient materials; 
        and
          (6) an evaluation of any barriers to more widespread use of 
        competitive bidding processes for transportation construction 
        materials.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 18 months after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the Committee on 
Environment and Public Works of the Senate, and make publicly 
available, a report on the review initiated by the Secretary pursuant 
to this section.

SEC. 1617. NATIONWIDE ROAD SAFETY ASSESSMENT.

  (a) In General.--The Secretary of Transportation shall, every 2 
years, conduct nationwide, on-the-ground road safety assessments 
focused on pedestrian and bicycle safety in each State.
  (b) Requirements.--The assessments required under subsection (a) 
shall be conducted--
          (1) by Department of Transportation field offices from the 
        Federal Highway Administration, the National Highway 
        Transportation Safety Administration, the Federal Transit 
        Administration, and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety 
        Administration; and
          (2) in consultation with--
                  (A) State and local agencies with jurisdiction over 
                pedestrian and bicycle safety;
                  (B) pedestrian safety and bicycle safety advocacy 
                organizations; and
                  (C) other relevant pedestrian and bicycle safety 
                stakeholders.
  (c) Purposes.--The purpose of the assessments under this section is 
to--
          (1) identify and examine specific locations with documented 
        or perceived problems with pedestrian and bicycle safety and 
        access;
          (2) examine barriers to providing safe pedestrian and bicycle 
        access to transportation infrastructure; and
          (3) develop and issue recommendations designed to effectively 
        address specific safety and access issues and enhance 
        pedestrian and bicycle safety in high risk areas.
  (d) Report on State Assessments.--Upon completion of the assessment 
of a State, the Secretary shall issue, and make available to the 
public, a report containing the assessment that includes--
          (1) a list of locations that have been assessed as presenting 
        a danger to pedestrians or bicyclists; and
          (2) recommendations to enhance pedestrian and bicycle safety 
        in those locations.
  (e) Report on Nationwide Program.--Upon completion of the biannual 
assessment nationwide required under this section, the Secretary shall 
issue, and make available to the public, that covers assessments for 
all jurisdictions and also present it to the congressional 
transportation committees.
  (f) National Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Database.--The Secretary, 
in order to enhance pedestrian and bicycle safety and improve 
information sharing on pedestrian and bicycle safety challenges between 
the Federal Government and State and local governments, shall maintain 
a national pedestrian and bicycle safety database that includes--
          (1) a list of high-risk intersections, roads, and highways 
        with a documented history of pedestrian or bicycle accidents or 
        fatalities and details regarding those incidents; and
          (2) information on corrective measures that have been 
        implemented at the State, local, or Federal level to enhance 
        pedestrian and bicyclist safety at those high risk areas, 
        including details on the nature and date of corrective action.
  (g) State Defined.--In this section, the term ``State'' means each of 
the States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico.

SEC. 1618. CLIMATE RESILIENT TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE STUDY.

  (a) Climate Resilient Transportation Infrastructure Study.--Not later 
than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Transportation shall seek to enter into an agreement with the 
Transportation Research Board of the National Academies to conduct a 
study of the actions needed to ensure that Federal agencies are taking 
into account current and future climate conditions in planning, 
designing, building, operating, maintaining, investing in, and 
upgrading any federally funded transportation infrastructure 
investments.
  (b) Methodologies.--In conducting the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall build on the methodologies examined and 
recommended in--
          (1) the 2018 report issued the American Society of Civil 
        Engineers, titled ``Climate-Resilient Infrastructure: Adaptive 
        Design and Risk Management''; and
          (2) the report issued by the California Climate-Safe 
        Infrastructure Working Group, titled ``Paying it Forward: The 
        Path Toward Climate-Safe Infrastructure in California''.
  (c) Contents of Study.--The study shall include specific 
recommendations regarding the following:
          (1) Integrating scientific knowledge of projected climate 
        change impacts, and other relevant data and information, into 
        Federal infrastructure planning, design, engineering, 
        construction, operation and maintenance.
          (2) Addressing critical information gaps and challenges.
          (3) Financing options to help fund climate-resilient 
        infrastructure.
          (4) A platform or process to facilitate communication between 
        climate scientists and other experts with infrastructure 
        planners, engineers and other relevant experts.
          (5) A stakeholder process to engage with representatives of 
        State, local, tribal and community groups.
          (6) A platform for tracking Federal funding of climate-
        resilient infrastructure.
          (7) Labor and workforce needs to implement climate-resilient 
        transportation infrastructure projects including new and 
        emerging skills, training programs, competencies and recognized 
        postsecondary credentials that may be required to adequately 
        equip the workforce.
          (8) Outlining how Federal infrastructure planning, design, 
        engineering, construction, operation, and maintenance impact 
        the environment and public health of disproportionately exposed 
        communities. For purposes of this paragraph, the term 
        ``disproportionately exposed communities'' means a community in 
        which climate change, pollution, or environmental destruction 
        have exacerbated systemic racial, regional, social, 
        environmental, and economic injustices by disproportionately 
        affecting indigenous peoples, communities of color, migrant 
        communities, deindustrialized communities, depopulated rural 
        communities, the poor, low-income workers, women, the elderly, 
        people experiencing homelessness, people with disabilities, 
        people who are incarcerated, or youth.
  (d) Considerations.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board shall determine the need for information related to 
climate resilient transportation infrastructure by considering--
          (1) the current informational and institutional barriers to 
        integrating projected infrastructure risks posed by climate 
        change into federal infrastructure planning, design, 
        engineering, construction, operation and maintenance;
          (2) the critical information needed by engineers, planners 
        and those charged with infrastructure upgrades and maintenance 
        to better incorporate climate change risks and impacts over the 
        lifetime of projects;
          (3) how to select an appropriate, adaptive engineering design 
        for a range of future climate scenarios as related to 
        infrastructure planning and investment;
          (4) how to incentivize and incorporate systems thinking into 
        engineering design to maximize the benefits of multiple natural 
        functions and emissions reduction, as well as regional 
        planning;
          (5) how to take account of the risks of cascading 
        infrastructure failures and develop more holistic approaches to 
        evaluating and mitigating climate risks;
          (6) how to ensure that investments in infrastructure 
        resilience benefit all communities, including communities of 
        color, low-income communities and Indian Tribes that face a 
        disproportionate risk from climate change and in many cases 
        have experienced long-standing unmet needs and underinvestment 
        in critical infrastructure;
          (7) how to incorporate capital assessment and planning 
        training and techniques, including a range of financing options 
        to help local and State governments plan for and provide 
        matching funds;
          (8) how federal agencies can track and monitor federally 
        funded resilient infrastructure in a coordinated fashion to 
        help build the understanding of the cost-benefit of resilient 
        infrastructure and to build the capacity for implementing 
        resilient infrastructure; and
          (9) the occupations, skillsets, training programs, 
        competencies and recognized postsecondary credentials that will 
        be needed to implement such climate-resilient transportation 
        infrastructure projects, and how to ensure that any new jobs 
        created by such projects ensure that priority hiring 
        considerations are given to individuals facing barriers to 
        employment, communities of color, low-income communities and 
        Indian Tribes that face a disproportionate risk from climate 
        change and have been excluded from job opportunities.
  (e) Consultation.--In carrying out the study, the Transportation 
Research Board--
          (1) shall convene and consult with a panel of national 
        experts, including operators and users of Federal 
        transportation infrastructure and private sector stakeholders; 
        and
          (2) is encouraged to consult with--
                  (A) representatives from the thirteen federal 
                agencies that comprise the United States Global Change 
                Research Program;
                  (B) representatives from the Department of the 
                Treasury;
                  (C) professional engineers with relevant expertise in 
                infrastructure design;
                  (D) scientists from the National Academies with 
                relevant expertise;
                  (E) scientists, social scientists and experts from 
                academic and research institutions who have expertise 
                in climate change projections and impacts; engineering; 
                architecture; or other relevant areas of expertise;
                  (F) licensed architects with relevant experience in 
                infrastructure design;
                  (G) certified planners;
                  (H) representatives of State and local governments 
                and Indian Tribes;
                  (I) representatives of environmental justice groups; 
                and
                  (J) representatives of labor unions that represent 
                key trades and industries involved in infrastructure 
                projects.
  (f) Report.--Not later than 3 years after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Transportation Research Board shall submit to the 
Secretary, the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the 
House of Representatives, and the Committee on Environment and Public 
Works of the Senate a report on the results of the study conducted 
under this section.

SEC. 1619. NATURAL GAS, ELECTRIC BATTERY, AND ZERO EMISSION VEHICLES.

  Subsection (s) of section 127 of title 23, United States Code is 
amended to read as follows:
  ``(s) Natural Gas, Electric Battery, and Zero Emission Vehicles.--A 
vehicle, if operated by an engine fueled primarily by natural gas, 
powered primarily by means of electric battery power, or fueled 
primarily by means of other zero emission fuel technologies, may exceed 
the weight limit on the power unit by up to 2,000 pounds (up to a 
maximum gross vehicle weight of 82,000 pounds) under this section.''.

SEC. 1620. GUIDANCE ON EVACUATION ROUTES.

  (a) In General.--
          (1) Guidance.--The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
        Administration, in coordination with the Administrator of the 
        Federal Emergency Management Agency, and consistent with 
        guidance issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
        pursuant to section 1209 of the Disaster Recovery Reform Act of 
        2018 (Public Law 115-254), shall revise existing guidance or 
        issue new guidance as appropriate for State and local 
        governments and Indian Tribes regarding the design, 
        construction, maintenance, retrofit, and repair of evacuation 
        routes.
          (2) Considerations.--In revising or issuing guidance under 
        subsection (a)(1), the Administrator of the Federal Highway 
        Administration shall consider--
                  (A) methods that assist evacuation routes to--
                          (i) withstand the effects of hydrostatic and 
                        hydrodynamic forces on viability, including 
                        recommendations regarding appropriate drainage 
                        structures or other flood prevention mechanisms 
                        to manage stormwater, runoff, and the effect of 
                        storm surge;
                          (ii) withstand the risks that flammability 
                        poses to viability;
                          (iii) improve durability, strength (including 
                        the ability to withstand tensile stresses and 
                        compressive stresses), and sustainability; and
                          (iv) provide for long-term cost savings;
                  (B) the ability of evacuation routes to effectively 
                manage contraflow operations;
                  (C) for evacuation routes on public lands, the 
                viewpoints of the applicable Federal land management 
                agency regarding emergency operations, sustainability, 
                and resource protection; and
                  (D) such other items the Administrator of the Federal 
                Highway Administration considers appropriate.
          (3) Report.--In the case in which the Administrator of the 
        Federal Highway Administration, in consultation with the 
        Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, 
        concludes existing guidance addresses the considerations in 
        paragraph (2), The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
        Administration shall submit to the Committee on Transportation 
        and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and the 
        Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate a 
        detailed report describing how existing guidance addresses such 
        considerations.
  (b) Study.--
          (1) In general.--The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
        Administration, in coordination with the Administrator of the 
        Federal Emergency Management Agency, shall study the 
        vulnerability of evacuation routes that are part of the 
        national highway system to the risks of extreme weather, 
        including flooding and storm surge.
          (2) Contents.--In conducting the study under paragraph (1), 
        the Administrator shall examine--
                  (A) the likelihood of Federal evacuation routes 
                flooding during a 100-year, 500-year, and 1000-year 
                weather event;
                  (B) whether Federal evacuation routes that have 
                historically flooded have recovered quickly from 
                extreme weather events;
                  (C) the availability of alternative evacuation routes 
                to accommodate the flow of evacuees in the event of an 
                evacuation route becoming impassable due to flooding; 
                and
                  (D) the impact of impassable evacuation routes on 
                vulnerable individuals, with consideration of the 
                return of evacuees after an extreme weather event, 
                including--
                          (i) individuals with a physical or mental 
                        disability;
                          (ii) individuals in schools, daycare centers, 
                        mobile home parks, prisons, nursing homes, and 
                        other long-term care facilities and detention 
                        centers;
                          (iii) individuals with limited proficiency in 
                        English;
                          (iv) the elderly; and
                          (v) individuals who are tourists, seasonal 
                        workers, or homeless.
          (3) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, the Administrator shall submit to the 
        Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation of the Senate a report summarizing the study and 
        the results of such study, including identifying which segments 
        of Federal evacuation routes are most vulnerable to becoming 
        impassable due to flooding.

SEC. 1621. HIGH PRIORITY CORRIDORS ON NATIONAL HIGHWAY SYSTEM.

  (a) Identification.--
          (1) Central texas corridor.--Section 1105(c)(84) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 is 
        amended to read as follows:
          ``(84) The Central Texas Corridor, including the route--
                  ``(A) commencing in the vicinity of Texas Highway 338 
                in Odessa, Texas, running eastward generally following 
                Interstate Route 20, connecting to Texas Highway 158 in 
                the vicinity of Midland, Texas, then following Texas 
                Highway 158 eastward to United States Route 87 and then 
                following United States Route 87 southeastward, passing 
                in the vicinity of San Angelo, Texas, and connecting to 
                United States Route 190 in the vicinity of Brady, 
                Texas;
                  ``(B) commencing at the intersection of Interstate 
                Route 10 and United States Route 190 in Pecos County, 
                Texas, and following United States Route 190 to Brady, 
                Texas;
                  ``(C) following portions of United States Route 190 
                eastward, passing in the vicinity of Fort Hood, 
                Killeen, Belton, Temple, Bryan, College Station, 
                Huntsville, Livingston, Woodville, and Jasper, to the 
                logical terminus of Texas Highway 63 at the Sabine 
                River Bridge at Burrs Crossing and including a loop 
                generally encircling Bryan/College Station, Texas;
                  ``(D) following United States Route 83 southward from 
                the vicinity of Eden, Texas, to a logical connection to 
                Interstate Route 10 at Junction, Texas;
                  ``(E) following United States Route 69 from 
                Interstate Route 10 in Beaumont, Texas, north to United 
                States Route 190 in the vicinity of Woodville, Texas;
                  ``(F) following United States Route 96 from 
                Interstate Route 10 in Beaumont, Texas, north to United 
                States Route 190 in the vicinity of Jasper, Texas; and
                  ``(G) following United States Route 190, State 
                Highway 305, and United States Route 385 from 
                Interstate Route 10 in Pecos County, Texas to 
                Interstate 20 at Odessa, Texas.''.
          (2) Central louisiana corridor.--Section 1105(c) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 is 
        amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(91) The Central Louisiana Corridor commencing at the 
        logical terminus of Louisiana Highway 8 at the Sabine River 
        Bridge at Burrs Crossing and generally following portions of 
        Louisiana Highway 8 to Leesville, Louisiana, and then eastward 
        on Louisiana Highway 28, passing in the vicinity of Alexandria, 
        Pineville, Walters, and Archie, to the logical terminus of 
        United States Route 84 at the Mississippi River Bridge at 
        Vidalia, Louisiana.''.
          (3) Central mississippi corridor.--Section 1105(c) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, as 
        amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
          ``(92) The Central Mississippi Corridor, including the 
        route--
                  ``(A) commencing at the logical terminus of United 
                States Route 84 at the Mississippi River and then 
                generally following portions of United States Route 84 
                passing in the vicinity of Natchez, Brookhaven, 
                Monticello, Prentiss, and Collins, to Interstate 59 in 
                the vicinity of Laurel, Mississippi, and continuing on 
                Interstate Route 59 north to Interstate Route 20 and on 
                Interstate Route 20 to the Mississippi-Alabama State 
                Border; and
                  ``(B) commencing in the vicinity of Laurel, 
                Mississippi, running south on Interstate Route 59 to 
                United States Route 98 in the vicinity of Hattiesburg, 
                connecting to United States Route 49 south then 
                following United States Route 49 south to Interstate 
                Route 10 in the vicinity of Gulfport and following 
                Mississippi Route 601 southerly terminating near the 
                Mississippi State Port at Gulfport.''.
          (4) Middle alabama corridor.--Section 1105(c) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, as 
        amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
          ``(93) The Middle Alabama Corridor including the route--
                  ``(A) beginning at the Alabama-Mississippi Border 
                generally following portions of I-20 until following a 
                new interstate extension paralleling United States 
                Highway 80 specifically:
                  ``(B) crossing Alabama Route 28 near Coatopa, 
                Alabama, traveling eastward crossing United States 
                Highway 43 and Alabama Route 69 near Selma, Alabama, 
                traveling eastwards closely paralleling United States 
                Highway 80 to the south crossing over Alabama Routes 
                22, 41, and 21, until its intersection with I-65 near 
                Hope Hull, Alabama;
                  ``(C) continuing east along the proposed Montgomery 
                Outer Loop south of Montgomery, Alabama where it would 
                next join with I-85 east of Montgomery, Alabama;
                  ``(D) continuing along I-85 east bound until its 
                intersection with United States Highway 280 near 
                Opelika, Alabama or United States Highway 80 near 
                Tuskegee, Alabama; and
                  ``(E) generally following the most expedient route 
                until intersecting with existing United States Highway 
                80 (JR Allen Parkway) through Phenix City until 
                continuing into Columbus, Georgia.''.
          (5) Middle georgia corridor.--Section 1105(c) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, as 
        amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
          ``(94) The Middle Georgia Corridor including the route--
                  ``(A) beginning at the Alabama-Georgia Border 
                generally following the Fall Line Freeway from Columbus 
                Georgia to Augusta, Georgia specifically:
                  ``(B) travelling along United States Route 80 (JR 
                Allen Parkway) through Columbus, Georgia and near Fort 
                Benning, Georgia, east to Talbot County, Georgia where 
                it would follow Georgia Route 96, then commencing on 
                Georgia Route 49C (Fort Valley Bypass) to Georgia Route 
                49 (Peach Parkway) to its intersection with Interstate 
                route 75 in Byron, Georgia;
                  ``(C) continuing north along Interstate Route 75 
                through Warner Robins and Macon, Georgia where it would 
                meet Interstate Route 16. Following Interstate 16 east 
                it would next join United States Route 80 and then onto 
                State Route 57; and
                  ``(D) commencing with State Route 57 which turns into 
                State Route 24 near Milledgeville, Georgia would then 
                bypass Wrens, Georgia with a newly constructed bypass. 
                After the bypass it would join United States Route 1 
                near Fort Gordon into Augusta, Georgia where it will 
                terminate at Interstate Route 520.''.
          (6) Louisiana capital region.--Section 1105(c) of the 
        Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991, as 
        amended by this Act, is further amended by adding at the end 
        the following:
          ``(95) The Louisiana Capital Region High Priority Corridor, 
        which shall generally follow--
                  ``(A) Interstate 10, between its intersections with 
                Interstate 12 and Louisiana Highway 415;
                  ``(B) Louisiana Highway 415, between its 
                intersections with Interstate 10 and United States 
                route 190;
                  ``(C) United States route 190, between its 
                intersections with Louisiana Highway 415 and 
                intersection with Interstate 110;
                  ``(D) Interstate 110, between its intersections with 
                United States route 190 and Interstate 10;
                  ``(E) Louisiana Highway 30, near St. Gabriel, LA and 
                its intersections with Interstate 10;
                  ``(F) Louisiana Highway 1, near White Castle, LA and 
                its intersection with Interstate 10; and
                  ``(G) A bridge connecting Louisiana Highway 1 with 
                Louisiana Highway 30, south of the Interstate described 
                in subparagraph (A).''.
  (b) Inclusion of Certain Segments on Interstate System.--Section 
1105(e)(5)(A) of the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act 
of 1991 is amended--
          (1) by inserting ``subclauses (I) through (IX) of subsection 
        (c)(38)(A)(i), subsection (c)(38)(A)(iv),'' after ``subsection 
        (c)(37),'';
          (2) by inserting ``subsection (c)(84),'' after ``subsection 
        (c)(83),''; and
          (3) by striking ``and subsection (c)(91)'' and inserting 
        ``subsection (c)(91), subsection (c)(92), subsection (c)(93), 
        subsection (c)(94), subsection (c)(95), and subsection 
        (c)(96)''.
  (c) Designation.--Section 1105(e)(5)(C) of the Intermodal Surface 
Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 is amended by striking ``The 
route referred to in subsection (c)(84) is designated as Interstate 
Route I-14.'' and inserting ``The route referred to in subsection 
(c)(84)(A) is designated as Interstate Route I-14 North. The route 
referred to in subsection (c)(84)(B) is designated as Interstate Route 
I-14 South. The Bryan/College Station, Texas loop referred to in 
subsection (c)(84) is designated as Interstate Route I-214. The routes 
referred to in subparagraphs (C), (D), (E), (F), and (G) of subsection 
(c)(84) and in subsections (c)(91), (c)(92), (c)(93), and (c)(94) are 
designated as Interstate Route I-14.''.

SEC. 1622. GUIDANCE ON INUNDATED AND SUBMERGED ROADS.

  (a) Guidance.--The Administrator of the Federal Highway 
Administration, in coordination with the Administrator of the Federal 
Emergency Management Agency, shall review the guidance issued pursuant 
to section 1228 of the Disaster Recovery Reform Act of 2018 (Public Law 
115-254), and revise or issue new guidance regarding repair, 
restoration, and replacement of inundated and submerged roads damaged 
or destroyed by a major disaster declared pursuant to the Robert T. 
Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act (42 U.S.C. 5121 
et seq.) with respect to roads eligible for assistance under Federal 
Highway Administration programs.
  (b) Considerations.--In revising or issuing new guidance under 
subsection (a), the Administrator shall consider methods of repair, 
restoration, and replacement of damaged or destroyed roads that--
          (1) improve the ability of a previously inundated or 
        submerged road to withstand the effects of hydrostatic and 
        hydrodynamic forces, including stormwater, runoff, or storm 
        surge; and
          (2) provide for long-term cost savings.

SEC. 1623. DRY BULK WEIGHT TOLERANCE.

  Section 127 of title 23, United States Code, is amended by adding at 
the end the following:
  ``(v) Dry Bulk Weight Tolerance.--
          ``(1) Definition of dry bulk goods.--In this subsection, the 
        term `dry bulk goods' means any homogeneous unmarked nonliquid 
        cargo being transported in a trailer specifically designed for 
        that purpose.
          ``(2) Weight tolerance.--Notwithstanding any other provision 
        of this section, except for the maximum gross vehicle weight 
        limitation, a commercial motor vehicle transporting dry bulk 
        goods may not exceed 110 percent of the maximum weight on any 
        axle or axle group described in subsection (a), including any 
        enforcement tolerance.''.

SEC. 1624. HIGHWAY USE TAX EVASION PROJECTS.

  Section 143(b)(2)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``2016 through 2020'' and inserting ``2023 through 2026''.

SEC. 1625. LABOR STANDARDS.

  It is the policy of the United States that funds authorized or made 
available by this Act, or the amendments made by this Act, should not 
be used to purchase products produced whole or in part through the use 
of child labor, as such term is defined in Article 3 of the 
International Labor Organization Convention concerning the prohibition 
and immediate action for the elimination of the worst forms of child 
labor (December 2, 2000), or in violation of human rights.

SEC. 1626. CLIMATE RESILIENCY REPORT BY GAO.

  (a) In General.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, and every 5 years thereafter, the Comptroller General of the 
United States shall evaluate and issue a report to Congress on the 
economic benefits, including avoided impacts on property and life, of 
the use of model, consensus-based building codes, standards, and 
provisions that support resilience to climate risks and impacts, 
including--
          (1) flooding;
          (2) wildfires;
          (3) hurricanes;
          (4) heat waves;
          (5) droughts;
          (6) rises in sea level; and
          (7) extreme weather.
  (b) Report Issues.--The report required under subsection (a) shall 
include the following:
          (1) An assessment of the status of adoption of building 
        codes, standards, and provisions within the States, 
        territories, and tribes at the State or jurisdictional level; 
        including whether the adopted codes meet or exceed the most 
        recent published edition of a national, consensus-based model 
        code.
          (2) An analysis of the extent to which pre-disaster 
        mitigation measures provide benefits to the nation and 
        individual States, territories and tribes, including--
                  (A) an economic analysis of the benefits to the 
                design and construction of new resilient 
                infrastructure;
                  (B) losses avoided, including economic losses, number 
                of structures (buildings, roads, bridges), and injuries 
                and deaths by utilizing building codes and standards 
                that prioritize resiliency; and
                  (C) an economic analysis of the benefits to using 
                hazard resistant building codes in rebuilding and 
                repairing infrastructure following a disaster.
          (3) An assessment of the building codes and standards 
        referenced or otherwise currently incorporated into Federal 
        policies and programs, including but not limited to grants, 
        incentive programs, technical assistance and design and 
        construction criteria, administered by the Federal Emergency 
        Management Agency (hereinafter referred to as ``FEMA''), 
        including--
                  (A) the extent to which such codes and standards 
                contribute to increasing climate resiliency;
                  (B) recommendations for how FEMA could improve their 
                use of codes and standards to prepare for climate 
                change and address resiliency in housing, public 
                buildings, and infrastructure such as roads and 
                bridges; and
                  (C) how FEMA could increase efforts to support the 
                adoption of hazard resistant codes by the States, 
                territories, and Indian Tribes.
          (4) Recommendations for FEMA on how to better incorporate 
        climate resiliency into efforts to rebuild after natural 
        disasters.

SEC. 1627. DESIGNATION OF JOHN R. LEWIS VOTING RIGHTS HIGHWAY.

  (a) Designation.--The portion of United States Route 80 from Selma, 
Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama shall be known as the ``John R. Lewis 
Voting Rights Highway''.
  (b) References.--Any reference in a law, map, regulation, document, 
paper, or other record of the United States to the portion of United 
States Route 80 from Selma, Alabama to Montgomery, Alabama is deemed to 
be a reference to the ``John R. Lewis Voting Rights Highway''.

SEC. 1628. GAO STUDY ON CAPITAL NEEDS OF PUBLIC FERRIES.

  (a) In General.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the capital investment needs of United States public 
ferries and how Federal funding programs are meeting such needs.
  (b) Considerations.--In carrying out the study under subsection (a), 
the Comptroller General shall examine the feasibility of including 
United States public ferries in the conditions and performance report 
of the Department of Transportation.
  (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to Congress 
a report describing the results of the study described in subsection 
(a), including any recommendations for how to include ferries in the 
conditions and performance report of the Department of Transportation.

SEC. 1629. USE OF MODELING AND SIMULATION TECHNOLOGY.

  It is the sense of Congress that the Department of Transportation 
should utilize, to the fullest and most economically feasible extent 
practicable, modeling and simulation technology to analyze highway and 
public transportation projects authorized by this Act and the 
amendments made by this Act to ensure that these projects--
          (1) increase transportation capacity and safety, alleviate 
        congestion, and reduce travel time and environmental impacts; 
        and
          (2) are as cost effective as practicable.

SEC. 1630. GAO STUDY ON PER-MILE USER FEE EQUITY.

  (a) Establishment.--Not later than 2 years after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General of the United States 
shall carry out a study on the impact of equity issues associated with 
per-mile user fee funding systems on the surface transportation system.
  (b) Contents.--The study under subsection (a) shall include the 
following with respect to per-mile user fee systems:
          (1) The financial, social, and other impacts of per-mile user 
        fee systems on individuals, low-income individuals, and 
        individuals of different races.
          (2) The impact that access to alternative modes of 
        transportation, including public transportation, has in 
        carrying out per-mile user fee systems.
          (3) The ability to access jobs and services, which may 
        include healthcare facilities, child care, education and 
        workforce training, food sources, banking and other financial 
        institutions, and other retail shopping establishments.
          (4) Equity issues for low-income individuals in urban and 
        rural areas.
          (5) Any differing impacts on passenger vehicles and 
        commercial vehicles.
  (c) Inclusions.--In carrying out the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall include an analysis of the following 
programs:
          (1) The State surface transportation system funding pilot 
        program under section 6020 of the FAST Act; and
          (2) The national surface transportation system funding pilot 
        under section 5402 of this Act.
  (d) Report.--Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment 
after this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee 
on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives 
and the Committee on Environment and Public Works of the Senate, and 
make publicly available, a report containing the results of the study 
under subsection (a), including recommendations for how to equitably 
implement per-mile user fee systems.
  (e) Definitions.--
          (1) Per-mile user fee.--The term ``per-mile user fee'' means 
        a revenue mechanism that--
                  (A) is applied to road users operating motor vehicles 
                on the surface transportation system; and
                  (B) is based on the number of vehicle miles traveled 
                by an individual road user.
          (2) Commercial vehicle.--The term ``commercial vehicle'' has 
        the meaning given the term commercial motor vehicle in section 
        31101 of title 49, United States Code.

SEC. 1631. GAO REVIEW OF EQUITY CONSIDERATIONS AT STATE DOTS.

  (a) Review Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall undertake a review 
of the extent to which State departments of transportation have in 
place best practices, standards, and protocols designed to ensure 
equity considerations in transportation planning, project selection, 
and project delivery, including considerations of the diverse 
transportation needs of low-income populations, minority populations, 
and other diverse populations.
  (b) Evaluation.--After the completion of the review under subsection 
(a), the Comptroller General shall issue and make available on a 
publicly accessible Website a report detailing--
          (1) findings based on the review in subsection (a);
          (2) a comprehensive set of recommendations for State 
        departments of transportation to improve equity considerations, 
        which may include model legislation, best practices, or 
        guidance; and
          (3) any recommendations to Congress for additional statutory 
        authority needed to support State department of transportation 
        efforts to incorporate equity considerations into 
        transportation planning, project selection, and project 
        delivery.
  (c) Report.--After completing the review and evaluation required 
under subsections (a) and (b), and not later than 2 years after the 
date of enactment of this Act, the Comptroller General shall make 
available on a publicly accessible Website, a report that includes--
          (1) findings based on the review conducted under subsection 
        (a);
          (2) the outcome of the evaluation conducted under subsection 
        (b);
          (3) a comprehensive set of recommendations to improve equity 
        considerations in the public transportation industry, including 
        recommendations for statutory changes if applicable; and
          (4) the actions that the Secretary of Transportation could 
        take to effectively address the recommendations provided under 
        paragraph (3).

SEC. 1632. STUDY ON EFFECTIVENESS OF SUICIDE PREVENTION NETS AND 
                    BARRIERS FOR STRUCTURES OTHER THAN BRIDGES.

  (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study to identify--
          (1) the types of structures, other than bridges, that attract 
        a high number of individuals attempting suicide-by-jumping;
          (2) the characteristics that distinguish structures 
        identified under paragraph (1) from similar structures that do 
        not attract a high number of individuals attempting suicide-by-
        jumping;
          (3) the types of nets or barriers that are effective at 
        reducing suicide-by-jumping with respect to the structures 
        identified under paragraph (1);
          (4) methods of reducing suicide-by-jumping with respect to 
        the structures identified under paragraph (1) other than nets 
        and barriers;
          (5) quantitative measures of the effectiveness of the nets 
        and barriers identified under paragraph (3);
          (6) quantitative measures of the effectiveness of the 
        additional methods identified under paragraph (4);
          (7) the entities that typically install the nets and barriers 
        identified under paragraph (3); and
          (8) the costs of the nets and barriers identified under 
        paragraph (3).
  (b) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report on the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 1633. TRANSPORTATION PLANNING ACTIVITIES.

  The Secretary or Transportation shall take all reasonable efforts to 
provide assistance for an Olympic or Paralympic event, or a Special 
Olympics International event, including the following:
          (1) Planning activities of States and metropolitan planning 
        organizations and transportation projects relating to an 
        international Olympic or Paralympic event, or a Special 
        Olympics International event, under sections 134 and 135 of 
        title 23, United States Code.
          (2) Developing intermodal transportation plans necessary for 
        the projects, in coordination with State and local 
        transportation agencies.
          (3) Efforts to expedite review and comment by the Department 
        of Transportation on any required submittals pertaining to an 
        Olympic or Paralympic event or a Special Olympics International 
        event.
          (4) Providing technical assistance.

SEC. 1634. BETTER UTILIZING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR LASTING DEVELOPMENT OF 
                    VETERANS BUSINESSES ACT.

  (a) Definitions.--In this section, the following definitions apply:
          (1) Small business concern.--The term ``small business 
        concern'' has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the 
        Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632).
          (2) Veteran.--The term ``veteran'' has the meaning given the 
        term in section 101(2) of title 38, United States Code.
          (3) Veteran owned small business concern.--The term ``veteran 
        owned small business concern'' has the meaning given the term 
        ``small business concern owned and controlled by veterans'' in 
        section 3(q) of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 632 (q)).
  (b) Amounts for Veteran Owned Small Business Concerns.--Except to the 
extent that the Secretary of Transportation determines otherwise, not 
less than 3 percent of the amounts made available for any program under 
titles I, II, V, and VII of this division and section 403 of title 23, 
United States Code, shall be expended through veteran owned small 
business concerns.
  (c) Uniform Criteria.--The Secretary shall establish minimum uniform 
criteria for use by State governments in certifying whether a concern 
qualifies as a veteran owned small business concern for the purpose of 
this section. Such criteria shall include a limit on the personal net 
worth of the veterans who own and control the small business concern.
  (d) Reporting.--The Secretary shall establish minimum requirements 
for use by State government in reporting to the Secretary--
          (1) information concerning veteran owned small business 
        concern awards, commitments, and achievement; and
          (2) such other information as the Secretary determined to be 
        appropriate for the proper monitoring of the veterans business 
        enterprise program.

SEC. 1635. VEHICLE WEIGHT LIMITATIONS.

  Section 127(i)(1)(A) of title 23, United States Code, is amended by 
inserting ``an emergency or'' before ``a major disaster''.

SEC. 1636. ROADWAY WORKER PROTECTION WORKING GROUP.

  (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall establish 
a working group (in this section referred to as the ``Working Group'') 
to review the methods, practices, and technologies necessary to protect 
workers in roadway work zones.
  (b) Membership.--
          (1) Appointment.--The Secretary shall appoint to the Working 
        Group individuals with knowledge and expertise in roadway 
        safety.
          (2) Representation.--The Working group shall include at least 
        one representative of each of the following:
                  (A) State departments of transportation.
                  (B) Local governments or metropolitan planning 
                organizations.
                  (C) Temporary traffic control organizations.
                  (D) Roadway user organizations.
                  (E) Vehicle and commercial vehicle manufacturers.
                  (F) Labor organizations.
                  (G) Traffic safety organizations.
                  (H) Motor carrier and independent owner-operator 
                organizations.
                  (I) Law enforcement and first responder 
                organizations.
                  (J) Autonomous vehicle technology companies.
                  (K) Any other stakeholders that the Secretary 
                determines appropriate.
          (3) Termination.--The Working Group shall terminate 6 months 
        after the date on which the Secretary receives the report under 
        subsection (f)(1).
  (c) Duties.--In carrying out the review required under subsection 
(a), the Working Group shall--
          (1) evaluate and analyze current work zone safety and worker 
        protection traffic control best practices;
          (2) identify causes of work zone injuries and fatalities;
          (3) identify and evaluate technologies related to vehicle 
        interaction with work zones and workers in work zones; and
          (4) identify challenges for transportation construction 
        project sponsors regarding improving work zone safety.
  (d) Consultation.--In carrying out the review required under 
subsection (a), the Working Group shall consult with--
          (1) transportation construction contractor organizations;
          (2) roadway and roadway safety equipment manufacturer 
        organizations;
          (3) academic experts; and
          (4) any other stakeholder the Working Group determines 
        appropriate.
  (e) Reports.--
          (1) Working group report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date on which the Working Group is established, the Working 
        Group shall submit to the Secretary a report that includes--
                  (A) the findings of the review required under 
                subsection (a), including a summary of any comments 
                received during the consultation process under 
                subsection (d); and
                  (B) recommendations on safety countermeasures, 
                technologies, programs and policies for the Department 
                of Transportation to improve roadway work zone safety 
                and practices.
          (2) Report to congress.--Not later than 1 month after the 
        date on which the Secretary receives a report under paragraph 
        (1), the Secretary shall submit to the Committee on 
        Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Environment and Public 
        Works of the Senate a summary of the report.

SEC. 1637. GAO STUDY ON NATURE-BASED SOLUTIONS FOR COASTAL HIGHWAY 
                    RESILIENCE.

  (a) Study.--The Comptroller General of the United States shall 
conduct a study on the utilization of nature-based solutions for 
improving the resilience of coastal highways and bridges.
  (b) Contents.--In conducting the study under subsection (a), the 
Comptroller General shall examine--
          (1) the resiliency benefits of nature-based features that 
        work in conjunction with structural features to protect coastal 
        highways and bridges by reducing the impacts of floods or other 
        risks of extreme weather;
          (2) the ecological benefits of nature-based features for 
        habitat restoration, water quality improvements, and 
        recreational aesthetics;
          (3) any potential savings to taxpayers over the lifecycles of 
        roadways produced by an integrated approach to resilience 
        against extreme weather;
          (4) the utilization rates for integrated nature-based 
        solutions among transportation agencies; and
          (5) any barriers to the use of nature-based solutions by 
        transportation agencies to improve the resilience of coastal 
        roads and bridges.
  (c) Report.--Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of 
this Act, the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on 
Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of Representatives and 
the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate a 
report summarizing the study under subsection (a) and the results of 
such study, including recommendations for how the Federal Highway 
Administration can encourage transportation agencies to use natural and 
nature-based features to improve the resilience of coastal highways and 
bridges.

SEC. 1638. PROHIBITION ON THE USE OF CIVIL PENALTIES FOR CAMPAIGN 
                    FINANCE.

  No amounts may be assessed on funds collected pursuant to section 
5309 of this Act or section 20704, 20171, 20174, or 80502 of title 49, 
United States Code, (as added by this Act) for purposes of making 
payments in support of a campaign for election for the office of 
Senator or Representative in, or Delegate or Resident Commissioner to, 
Congress.

SEC. 1639. REPEAL OF PILOT PROGRAM.

  Section 325 of title 23, United States Code, is repealed.

SEC. 1640. TECHNICAL CORRECTIONS.

  (a) In General.-- Title 23, United States Code, is amended as 
follows:
          (1) Name correction.--Section 101(a)(16)(C),as amended, is 
        amended by striking ``United States Customs and Immigration 
        Services'' and inserting `` U.S. Customs and Border 
        Protection''.
          (2) Transfer of funds.--Section 104(f)(3) is amended--
                  (A) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``the Federal 
                Highway Administration'' and inserting ``an operating 
                administration of the Department of Transportation''; 
                and
                  (B) in the paragraph heading, by striking ``Federal 
                Highway Administration'' and inserting ``an operating 
                administration of the Department of Transportation''.
          (3) Terms and conditions.--Section 108(c)(3)(F) is amended--
                  (A) by inserting ``of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)'' 
                after ``Policy Act''; and
                  (B) by striking ``this Act'' and inserting ``this 
                title''.
          (4) Exclusion.--Section 112(b)(2) is amended in subparagraph 
        (F) by striking ``(F)'' and all that follows through 
        ``Subparagraphs'' and inserting ``(f) Subparagraphs''.
          (5) Reference to statewide transportation improvement 
        program.--Section 115(c) is amended by striking ``135(f)'' and 
        inserting ``135(g)''.
          (6) Opportunity for comment.--Section 134(j) is amended by 
        striking ``subsection (i)(5)'' both places it appears and 
        inserting ``subsection (i)(6)''.
          (7) Performance-based approach.--Section 135(f)(7)(B) is 
        amended by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting a 
        period.
          (8) Efficient environmental reviews for project 
        decisionmaking.--Section 139 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(1) by inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.)'' after ``of 1969'';
                  (B) in subsection (c) by inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 4321 
                et seq.)'' after ``of 1969'' each place it appears; and
                  (C) in subsection (k)(2) by inserting ``(42 U.S.C. 
                4321 et seq.)'' after ``of 1969''.
          (9) Nondiscrimination.--Section 140(a) is amended, in the 
        third sentence, by inserting a comma after ``Secretary''.
          (10) Public transportation.--Section 142 is amended by 
        striking subsection (i).
          (11) Congestion mitigation and air quality improvement 
        program.--Section 149 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (b)(1)(A)(ii) by striking ``; or,'' 
                and inserting ``; or''; and
                  (B) in subsection (g)(2)(B) by striking the semicolon 
                at the end and inserting ``; and''.
          (12) Tribal transportation program data collection.--Section 
        201(c)(6)(A)(ii) is amended by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 450 et 
        seq.)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.)''.
          (13) Tribal transportation program.--Section 202 is amended--
                  (A) by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.)'' each 
                place it appears and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5301 et 
                seq.)'';
                  (B) in subsection (a)(10)(B) by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 
                450e(b))'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5307(b))''; and
                  (C) in subsection (b)--
                          (i) in paragraph (5) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A) by inserting ``the'' after 
                        ``agreement under''; and
                          (ii) in paragraph (6)(A) by inserting ``the'' 
                        after ``in accordance with''.
          (14) Permissible uses of recreational trails program 
        apportioned funds.--Section 206(d)(2)(G) is amended by striking 
        ``use of recreational trails'' and inserting ``uses of 
        recreational trails''.
          (15) Tribal transportation self-governance program.--Section 
        207 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (g)--
                          (i) by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 450j-1)'' and 
                        inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5325)''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 450j-1(f))'' 
                        and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5325(f))'';
                  (B) in subsection (l)--
                          (i) in paragraph (1), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-5)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5386)'';
                          (ii) in paragraph (2), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-6)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5387)'';
                          (iii) in paragraph (3), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-7)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5388)'';
                          (iv) in paragraph (4), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-9)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5390)'';
                          (v) in paragraph (5), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-10)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5391)'';
                          (vi) in paragraph (6), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-11)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5392)'';
                          (vii) in paragraph (7), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-14)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5395)'';
                          (viii) in paragraph (8), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-15)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5396)''; and
                          (ix) in paragraph (9), by striking ``(25 
                        U.S.C. 458aaa-17)'' and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 
                        5398)''; and
                  (C) in subsection (m)(2)--
                          (i) by striking ``505'' and inserting 
                        ``501''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``(25 U.S.C. 450b; 458aaa)'' 
                        and inserting ``(25 U.S.C. 5304; 5381)''.
          (16) Buy america.--Section 313 is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (e)(2) by striking ``States;'' and 
                inserting ``States,''; and
                  (B) in subsection (f)(1) by striking ``, and'' and 
                inserting ``; and''.
          (17) Procedures for a gift or donation.--Section 323(d) is 
        amended in the matter preceding paragraph (1) by inserting 
        ``(42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.)'' after ``of 1969''.
          (18) Highway safety programs.--Section 402(b)(1)(E) is 
        amended by striking the semicolon at the end and inserting ``; 
        and''.
          (19) Use of freight capacity building program funds.--Section 
        504(g)(6) is amended by striking ``make grants or to'' and 
        inserting ``make grants to''.
          (20) Development phase activities.--Section 602(e) is amended 
        by striking ``601(a)(1)(A)'' and inserting ``601(a)(2)(A)''.
  (b) Clerical Amendments.--
          (1) In general.--The table of contents for title 23, United 
        States Code, is amended in the item relating to chapter 1 by 
        striking ``FEDERAL AID HIGHWAYS'' and inserting ``FEDERAL-AID 
        HIGHWAYS''.
          (2) Chapter 3.--The analysis for chapter 3 of title 23, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 325.

                    TITLE II--PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

               Subtitle A--Federal Transit Administration

SEC. 2101. AUTHORIZATIONS.

  (a) In General.--Section 5338 of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 5338. Authorizations

  ``(a) Grants.--
          ``(1) In general.--There shall be available from the Mass 
        Transit Account of the Highway Trust Fund to carry out sections 
        5305, 5307, 5308, 5310, 5311, 5312, 5314, 5318, 5320, 5328, 
        5335, 5337, 5339, and 5340--
                  ``(A) $17,894,460,367 for fiscal year 2023;
                  ``(B) $18,201,940,770 for fiscal year 2024;
                  ``(C) $18,551,676,708 for fiscal year 2025; and
                  ``(D) $18,901,573,693 for fiscal year 2026.
          ``(2) Allocation of funds.--Of the amounts made available 
        under paragraph (1)--
                  ``(A) $189,879,151 for fiscal year 2023, $192,841,266 
                for fiscal year 2024, $195,926,726 for fiscal year 
                2025, and $199,002,776 for fiscal year 2026, shall be 
                available to carry out section 5305;
                  ``(B) $7,505,830,848 for fiscal year 2023, 
                $7,622,921,809 for fiscal year 2024, $7,744,888,558 for 
                fiscal year 2025, and $7,866,483,309 for fiscal year 
                2026 shall be allocated in accordance with section 5336 
                to provide financial assistance for urbanized areas 
                under section 5307;
                  ``(C) $101,510,000 for fiscal year 2023, $103,093,556 
                for fiscal year 2024, $104,743,053 for fiscal year 
                2025, and $106,387,519 for fiscal year 2026 shall be 
                available for grants under section 5308;
                  ``(D) $434,830,298 for fiscal year 2023, $441,613,651 
                for fiscal year 2024, $448,679,469 for fiscal year 
                2025, and $455,723,737 for fiscal year 2026 shall be 
                available to carry out section 5310, of which not less 
                than--
                          ``(i) $5,075,500 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $5,154,678 for fiscal year 2024, $5,237,153 for 
                        fiscal year 2025, and $5,319,376 for fiscal 
                        year 2026 shall be available to carry out 
                        section 5310(j); and
                          ``(ii) $20,302,000 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $20,618,711 for fiscal year 2024, $20,948,611 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $21,277,504 for 
                        fiscal year 2026 shall be available to carry 
                        out section 5310(k);
                  ``(E) $1,025,199,724 for fiscal year 2023, 
                $1,041,192,839 for fiscal year 2024, $1,057,851,925 for 
                fiscal year 2025, and $1,074,460,200 for fiscal year 
                2026 shall be available to carry out section 5311, of 
                which not less than--
                          ``(i) $55,679,500 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $56,392,100 for fiscal year 2024, $57,134,374 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $57,874,383 for 
                        fiscal year 2026 shall be available to carry 
                        out section 5311(c)(1); and
                          ``(ii) $50,755,000 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $51,546,778 for fiscal year 2024, $52,371,526 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $53,193,759 for 
                        fiscal year 2026 shall be available to carry 
                        out section 5311(c)(2);
                  ``(F) $53,498,300 for fiscal year 2023; $54,020,873 
                for fiscal year 2024; $54,565,207 for fiscal year 2025; 
                $55,107,881 for fiscal year 2026 shall be available to 
                carry out section 5312, of which not less than--
                          ``(i) $5,075,500 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $5,154,678 for fiscal year 2024, $5,237,153 for 
                        fiscal year 2025, and $5,319,376 for fiscal 
                        year 2026 shall be available to carry out each 
                        of sections 5312(d)(3) and 5312(d)(4);
                          ``(ii) $3,045,300 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $3,092,807 for fiscal year 2024, $3,142,292 for 
                        fiscal year 2025, and $3,191,626 for fiscal 
                        year 2026 shall be available to carry out 
                        section 5312(h);
                          ``(iii) $10,151,000 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $10,309,356 for fiscal year 2024, $10,474,305 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $10,638,752 for 
                        fiscal year 2026 shall be available to carry 
                        out section 5312(i); and
                          ``(iv) $10,075,500 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $10,154,678 for fiscal year 2024, $10,237,153 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $10,319,376 shall be 
                        available to carry out section 5312(j);
                  ``(G) $23,347,300 for fiscal year 2023, $23,711,518 
                for fiscal year 2024, $24,090,902 for fiscal year 2025, 
                and $24,469,129 for fiscal year 2026 shall be available 
                to carry out section 5314, of which not less than--
                          ``(i) $4,060,400 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $4,123,742 for fiscal year 2024, $4,189,722 for 
                        fiscal year 2025, and $4,255,501 for fiscal 
                        year 2026 shall be available to carry out 
                        section of 5314(a);
                          ``(ii) $5,075,500 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $5,154,678 for fiscal year 2024, $5,237,153 for 
                        fiscal year 2025, and $5,319,376 for fiscal 
                        year 2026 shall be available to carry out 
                        section 5314(c); and
                          ``(iii) $12,181,200 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $12,371,227 for fiscal year 2024, $12,569,166 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $12,766,502 for 
                        fiscal year 2026 shall be available to carry 
                        out section 5314(b)(2);
                  ``(H) $5,075,500 for fiscal year 2023, $5,154,678 for 
                fiscal year 2024, $5,237,153 for fiscal year 2025, and 
                $5,319,376 for fiscal year 2026 shall be available to 
                carry out section 5318;
                  ``(I) $30,453,000 for fiscal year 2023, $30,928,067 
                for fiscal year 2024, $31,422,916 for fiscal year 2025, 
                and $31,916,256 for fiscal year 2026 shall be available 
                to carry out section 5328, of which not less than--
                          ``(i) $25,377,500 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $25,773,389 for fiscal year 2024, $26,185,763 
                        for fiscal year 2025, and $26,596,880 for 
                        fiscal year 2026 shall be available to carry 
                        out section of 5328(b); and
                          ``(ii) $2,537,750 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $2,577,339 for fiscal year 2024, $2,618,576 for 
                        fiscal year 2025, and $2,659,688 for fiscal 
                        year 2026 shall be available to carry out 
                        section 5328(c);
                  ``(J) $4,060,400 for fiscal year 2023, $4,123,742 for 
                fiscal year 2024, $4,189,722 for fiscal year 2025, and 
                $4,255,501 for fiscal year 2026 shall be available to 
                carry out section 5335;
                  ``(K) $5,366,233,728 for fiscal year 2023, 
                $5,460,789,084 for fiscal year 2024, $5,560,170,578 for 
                fiscal year 2025, and $5,660,288,417 for fiscal year 
                2026 shall be available to carry out section 5337;
                  ``(L) to carry out the bus formula program under 
                section 5339(a)--
                          ``(i) $1,240,328,213 for fiscal year 2023, 
                        $1,259,667,334 for fiscal year 2024, 
                        $1,279,832,171 for fiscal year 2025, and 
                        $1,299,925,536 for fiscal year 2026; except 
                        that
                          ``(ii) 15 percent of the amounts under clause 
                        (i) shall be available to carry out 5339(d);
                  ``(M) $437,080,000 for fiscal year 2023, $424,748,448 
                for fiscal year 2024, $387,944,423 for fiscal year 
                2025, and $351,100,151 for fiscal year 2026 shall be 
                available to carry out section 5339(b);
                  ``(N) $890,000,000 for fiscal year 2023, $950,000,000 
                for fiscal year 2024, $1,065,000,000 for fiscal year 
                2025, and $1,180,000,000 for fiscal year 2026 shall be 
                available to carry out section 5339(c); and
                  ``(O) $587,133,905 for each of fiscal years 2023 
                through 2026 shall be available to carry out section 
                5340 to provide financial assistance for urbanized 
                areas under section 5307 and rural areas under section 
                5311, of which--
                          ``(i) $309,688,908 for each of fiscal years 
                        2023 through 2026 shall be for growing States 
                        under section 5340(c); and
                          ``(ii) $277,444,997 for each of fiscal years 
                        2023 through 2026 shall be for high density 
                        States under section 5340(d).
  ``(b) Capital Investment Grants.--There are authorized to be 
appropriated to carry out section 5309 $3,500,000,000 for fiscal year 
2023, $4,250,000,000 for fiscal year 2024, $5,000,000,000 for fiscal 
year 2025, and 5,500,000,000 for fiscal year 2026.
  ``(c) Administration.--
          ``(1) In general.--There are authorized to be appropriated to 
        carry out section 5334, $142,060,785 for fiscal year 2023, 
        $144,191,696 for fiscal year 2024, $146,412,248 for fiscal year 
        2025, and 148,652,356 for fiscal year 2026.
          ``(2) Section 5329.--Of the amounts authorized to be 
        appropriated under paragraph (1), not less than $6,000,000 for 
        each of fiscal years 2023 through 2026 shall be available to 
        carry out section 5329.
          ``(3) Section 5326.--Of the amounts made available under 
        paragraph (2), not less than $2,500,000 for each of fiscal 
        years 2023 through 2026 shall be available to carry out section 
        5326.
  ``(d) Oversight.--
          ``(1) In general.--Of the amounts made available to carry out 
        this chapter for a fiscal year, the Secretary may use not more 
        than the following amounts for the activities described in 
        paragraph (2):
                  ``(A) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5305.
                  ``(B) 0.75 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5307.
                  ``(C) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5309.
                  ``(D) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 601 of the Passenger Rail Investment and 
                Improvement Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-432; 126 Stat. 
                4968).
                  ``(E) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5310.
                  ``(F) 0.5 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5311.
                  ``(G) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5337, of which not less than 25 percent of 
                such amounts shall be available to carry out section 
                5329 and of which not less than 10 percent of such 
                amounts shall be made available to carry out section 
                5320.
                  ``(H) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5339 of which not less than 10 percent of 
                such amounts shall be made available to carry out 
                section 5320.
                  ``(I) 1 percent of amounts made available to carry 
                out section 5308.
          ``(2) Activities.--The activities described in this paragraph 
        are as follows:
                  ``(A) Activities to oversee the construction of a 
                major capital project.
                  ``(B) Activities to review and audit the safety and 
                security, procurement, management, and financial 
                compliance of a recipient or subrecipient of funds 
                under this chapter.
                  ``(C) Activities to provide technical assistance 
                generally, and to provide technical assistance to 
                correct deficiencies identified in compliance reviews 
                and audits carried out under this section.
          ``(3) Government share of costs.--The Government shall pay 
        the entire cost of carrying out a contract under this 
        subsection.
          ``(4) Availability of certain funds.--Funds made available 
        under paragraph (1)(C) shall be made available to the Secretary 
        before allocating the funds appropriated to carry out any 
        project under a full funding grant agreement.
  ``(e) Grants as Contractual Obligations.--
          ``(1) Grants financed from highway trust fund.--A grant or 
        contract that is approved by the Secretary and financed with 
        amounts made available from the Mass Transit Account of the 
        Highway Trust Fund pursuant to this section is a contractual 
        obligation of the Government to pay the Government share of the 
        cost of the project.
          ``(2) Grants financed from general fund.--A grant or contract 
        that is approved by the Secretary and financed with amounts 
        from future appropriations from the general fund of the 
        Treasury pursuant to this section is a contractual obligation 
        of the Government to pay the Government share of the cost of 
        the project only to the extent that amounts are appropriated 
        for such purpose by an Act of Congress.
  ``(f) Availability of Amounts.--Amounts made available by or 
appropriated under this section shall remain available until expended.
  ``(g) Limitation on Financial Assistance for State-Owned 
Enterprises.--
          ``(1) In general.--Funds provided under this section may not 
        be used in awarding a contract, subcontract, grant, or loan to 
        an entity that is owned or controlled by, is a subsidiary of, 
        or is otherwise related legally or financially to a corporation 
        based in a country that--
                  ``(A) is identified as a nonmarket economy country 
                (as defined in section 771(18) of the Tariff Act of 
                1930 (19 U.S.C. 1677(18))) as of the date of enactment 
                of the INVEST in America Act;
                  ``(B) was identified by the United States Trade 
                Representative in the most recent report required by 
                section 182 of the Trade Act of 1974 (19 U.S.C. 2242) 
                as a priority foreign country under subsection (a)(2) 
                of that section; and
                  ``(C) is subject to monitoring by the Trade 
                Representative under section 306 of the Trade Act of 
                1974 (19 U.S.C. 2416).
          ``(2) Exception.--For purposes of paragraph (1), the term 
        `otherwise related legally or financially' does not include a 
        minority relationship or investment.
          ``(3) International agreements.--This subsection shall be 
        applied in a manner consistent with the obligations of the 
        United States under international agreements.''.
  (b) Conforming Amendments.--
          (1) Section 5312(i)(1) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``5338(a)(2)(G)(ii)'' and inserting 
        ``5338(a)(2)(F)(iii)''.
          (2) Section 5333(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``5328, 5337, and 5338(b)'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``and 5337''.
          (3) Section 5336 of title 49, United States Code, is amended 
        in subsection (d)(1) by striking ``5338(a)(2)(C)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(a)(2)(B)''.
          (4) Subsections (c) and (d)(1) of section 5327 of title 49, 
        United States Code, are amended by striking ``5338(f)'' and 
        inserting ``5338(d)''.
          (5) Section 5340(b) of title 49, United States Code, is 
        amended by striking ``5338(b)(2)(N)'' and inserting 
        ``5338(a)(2)(O)''.

SEC. 2102. CHAPTER 53 DEFINITIONS.

  Section 5302 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (1)(E)--
                  (A) by striking ``and the installation'' and 
                inserting ``, the installation''; and
                  (B) by inserting ``, charging stations and docks for 
                electric micromobility devices, and bikeshare 
                projects'' after ``public transportation vehicles'';
          (2) in paragraph (3)--
                  (A) in subparagraph (G) by striking clause (iii) and 
                inserting the following:
                          ``(iii) provides a fair share of revenue 
                        established by the Secretary that will be used 
                        for public transportation, except for a joint 
                        development that is a community service (as 
                        defined by the Federal Transit Administration), 
                        publicly operated facility, or offers a minimum 
                        of 50 percent of units as affordable housing, 
                        meaning legally binding affordability 
                        restricted housing units available to tenants 
                        with incomes below 60 percent of the area 
                        median income or owners with incomes below the 
                        area median;'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (M) strike ``; or'' and insert a 
                semicolon;
                  (C) in subparagraph (N)--
                          (i) by striking ``no emission'' and inserting 
                        ``zero emission''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``(as defined in section 
                        5339(c)) or facilities.'' and inserting ``or 
                        facilities; or''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(O) the employment of forensic consultants, 
                cybersecurity experts, or third-party penetration 
                testers to identify, evaluate, test, and patch 
                ransomware attack vulnerabilities.''; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(25) Resilience.--
                  ``(A) In general.--The term `resilience' means, with 
                respect to a facility, the ability to--
                          ``(i) anticipate, prepare for, or adapt to 
                        conditions; or
                          ``(ii) withstand, respond to, or recover 
                        rapidly from disruptions.
                  ``(B) Inclusions.--Such term includes, with respect 
                to a facility, the ability to--
                          ``(i) resist hazards or withstand impacts 
                        from disruptions;
                          ``(ii) reduce the magnitude, duration, or 
                        impact of a disruption; or
                          ``(iii) have the absorptive capacity, 
                        adaptive capacity, and recoverability to 
                        decrease vulnerability to a disruption.
          ``(26) Assault on a transit worker.--The term `assault on a 
        transit worker' means any circumstance in which an individual 
        knowingly, without lawful authority or permission, and with 
        intent to endanger the safety of any individual, or with a 
        reckless disregard for the safety of human life, interferes 
        with, disables, or incapacitates any transit worker while the 
        transit worker is performing his or her duties.''.

SEC. 2103. GENERAL PROVISIONS.

  Section 5323 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``urban area'' and 
                inserting ``urbanized area'';
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Exceptions.--This subsection shall not apply to 
        financial assistance under this chapter--
                  ``(A) in which the non-Federal share of project costs 
                are provided from amounts received under a service 
                agreement with a State or local social service agency 
                or private social service organization pursuant to 
                section 5307(d)(3)(E) or section 5311(g)(3)(C);
                  ``(B) provided to a recipient or subrecipient whose 
                sole receipt of such assistance derives from section 
                5310; or
                  ``(C) provided to a recipient operating a fixed route 
                service that is--
                          ``(i) for a period of less than 30 days;
                          ``(ii) accessible to the public;
                          ``(iii) contracted by a local government 
                        entity that provides local cost share to the 
                        recipient; and
                          ``(iv) not contracted for the purposes of a 
                        convention or on behalf of a convention and 
                        visitors bureau.
          ``(4) Guidelines.--The Secretary shall publish guidelines for 
        grant recipients and private bus operators that clarify when 
        and how a transit agency may provide the service in the event a 
        registered charter provider does not contact the customer, 
        provide a quote, or provide the service.'';
          (2) in subsection (h)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by adding ``or'' at the end; and
                  (B) by striking paragraph (2) and redesignating 
                paragraph (3) as paragraph (2);
          (3) by striking subsection (j) and inserting the following:
  ``(j) Reporting Accessibility Complaints.--
          ``(1) In general.--The Secretary shall ensure that an 
        individual who believes that he or she, or a specific class in 
        which the individual belongs, has been subjected to 
        discrimination on the basis of disability by a State or local 
        governmental entity, private nonprofit organization, or Tribe 
        that operates a public transportation service and is a 
        recipient or subrecipient of funds under this chapter, may, by 
        the individual or by an authorized representative, file a 
        complaint with the Department of Transportation.
          ``(2) Procedures.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
        enactment of the INVEST in America Act, the Secretary shall 
        implement procedures that allow an individual to submit a 
        complaint described in paragraph (1) by phone, mail-in form, 
        and online through the website of the Office of Civil Rights of 
        the Federal Transit Administration.
          ``(3) Notice to individuals with disabilities.--Not later 
        than 12 months after the date of enactment of the INVEST in 
        America Act, the Secretary shall require that each public 
        transit provider and contractor providing paratransit services 
        shall include on a publicly available website of the service 
        provider, any related mobile device application, and online 
        service--
                  ``(A) notice that an individual can file a 
                disability-related complaint with the local transit 
                agency and the process and any timelines for filing 
                such a complaint;
                  ``(B) the telephone number, or a comparable 
                electronic means of communication, for the disability 
                assistance hotline of the Office of Civil Rights of the 
                Federal Transit Administration;
                  ``(C) notice that a consumer can file a disability 
                related complaint with the Office of Civil Rights of 
                the Federal Transit Administration; and
                  ``(D) an active link to the website of the Office of 
                Civil Rights of the Federal Transit Administration for 
                an individual to file a disability-related complaint.
          ``(4) Investigation of complaints.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the last day of each fiscal year, the Secretary shall 
        publish a report that lists the disposition of complaints 
        described in paragraph (1), including--
                  ``(A) the number and type of complaints filed with 
                Department of Transportation;
                  ``(B) the number of complaints investigated by the 
                Department;
                  ``(C) the result of the complaints that were 
                investigated by the Department including whether the 
                complaint was resolved--
                          ``(i) informally;
                          ``(ii) by issuing a violation through a 
                        noncompliance Letter of Findings; or
                          ``(iii) by other means, which shall be 
                        described; and
                  ``(D) if a violation was issued for a complaint, 
                whether the Department resolved the noncompliance by--
                          ``(i) reaching a voluntary compliance 
                        agreement with the entity;
                          ``(ii) referring the matter to the Attorney 
                        General; or
                          ``(iii) by other means, which shall be 
                        described.
          ``(5) Report.--The Secretary shall, upon implementation of 
        this section and annually thereafter, submit to the Committee 
        on Transportation and Infrastructure of the House of 
        Representatives, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban 
        Affairs of the Senate, and make publicly available a report 
        containing the information collected under this section.'';
          (4) by striking subsection (m) and inserting the following:
  ``(m) Preaward and Postdelivery Review of Rolling Stock Purchases.--
The Secretary shall prescribe regulations requiring a preaward and 
postdelivery review of a grant under this chapter to buy rolling stock 
to ensure compliance with bid specifications requirements of grant 
recipients under this chapter. Under this subsection, grantee 
inspections and review are required, and a manufacturer certification 
is not sufficient.''; and
          (5) by amending subsection (r) to read as follows:
  ``(r) Reasonable Access to Public Transportation Facilities.--
          ``(1) In general.--A recipient of assistance under this 
        chapter--
                  ``(A) may not deny reasonable access for a private 
                intercity or charter transportation operator to 
                federally funded public transportation facilities, 
                including intermodal facilities, park and ride lots, 
                and bus-only highway lanes; and
                  ``(B) shall respond to any request for reasonable 
                access within 75 days of the receipt of the request 
                and, if a recipient of assistance under this chapter 
                denies access to a private intercity or charter 
                transportation operator based on the reasonable access 
                standards, provide, in writing, the reasons for the 
                denial.
          ``(2) Determining reasonable access.--In determining 
        reasonable access under paragraph (1)(A), capacity requirements 
        of the recipient of assistance and the extent to which access 
        would be detrimental or beneficial to existing public 
        transportation services must be considered and demographic 
        makeup of the riders of a private intercity or charter 
        transportation operator may not be cited as a detriment to the 
        provision of access.
          ``(3) Notification.--If a private intercity or charter 
        transportation operator requesting access under this subsection 
        is denied such access by a recipient of assistance under this 
        chapter or does not receive a written response within 75 days 
        of submitting the request, such operator may notify the 
        Secretary for purposes of inclusion in the report under 
        paragraph (4).
          ``(4) Report to congress.--The Secretary shall annually 
        submit to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure of 
        the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, 
        Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate a report listing each 
        instance reported under paragraph (3) in which--
                  ``(A) a private intercity or charter transportation 
                operator requested reasonable access and was denied, 
                and the reasons provided by the recipient of assistance 
                under this chapter for the denial; and
                  ``(B) a recipient of assistance under this chapter 
                did not respond to a request for reasonable access 
                within 75 days.''.

SEC. 2104. MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

  (a) State of Good Repair Grants.--Section 5337(e) of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following:
          ``(3) Accessibility costs.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), 
        the Federal share of the net project cost of a project to 
        provide accessibility improvements consistent with standards in 
        compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (42 
        U.S.C. 12101 et seq.) shall be 90 percent.''.
  (b) Apportionments Based on Growing States and High Density States 
Formula Factors.--Section 5340(a) of title 49, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting ``and the District of Columbia'' after ``United 
States''.
  (c) Technical Assistance and Workforce Development.--Section 5314 of 
title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(1)(B)--
                  (A) in clause (i) by striking ``; and'' and inserting 
                a semicolon;
                  (B) in clause (ii) by striking ``and vehicle 
                electronics.'' and inserting ``cybersecurity and 
                mitigating the threat of ransomware, and vehicle 
                electronics; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) technical assistance to assist 
                        recipients with the impacts of a new census 
                        count.'';
          (2) in subsection (a)(2)--
                  (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (H) and (I) as 
                subparagraphs (J) and (K), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after subparagraph (G) the 
                following:
                  ``(H) cybersecurity and mitigating the threat of 
                ransomware;'';
          (3) in subsection (b)(1)(B) by striking ``females'' and 
        inserting ``women''; and
          (4) in subsection (c)(4)(A) by inserting ``, and not more 
        than 2 percent of amounts under 5311,'' after ``5339''.
  (d) National Transit Database.--Section 5335 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a) by inserting ``, including information 
        on transit routes and ridership on those routes'' after 
        ``public sector investment decision''; and
          (2) in subsection (c) by inserting ``, any data on each 
        assault on a transit worker, and pedestrian injuries and 
        fatalities as a result of an impact with a bus. Each of the 
        data sets shall be publicly reported without aggregating the 
        data with other safety data'' after ``by the recipient''.
  (e) Urbanized Area Formula Grants.--Section 5307 of title 49, United 
States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)(2)(A)--
                  (A) in clause (i) by striking ``or'' at the end; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) operate a minimum of 101 buses and a 
                        maximum of 125 buses in fixed route service or 
                        demand response service, excluding ADA 
                        complementary paratransit service, during peak 
                        service hours, in an amount not to exceed 25 
                        percent of the share of the apportionment which 
                        is attributable to such systems within the 
                        urbanized area, as measured by vehicle revenue 
                        hours; or'';
          (2) in subsection (a)(2)(B)--
                  (A) in clause (i) by striking ``or'' at the end;
                  (B) in clause (ii) by striking the period at the end 
                and inserting ``; or''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(iii) operate a minimum of 101 buses and a 
                        maximum of 125 buses in fixed route service or 
                        demand response service, excluding ADA 
                        complementary paratransit service, during peak 
                        service hours, in an amount not to exceed 25 
                        percent of the share of the apportionment 
                        allocated to such systems within the urbanized 
                        area, as determined by the local planning 
                        process and included in the designated 
                        recipient's final program of projects prepared 
                        under subsection (b).''; and
          (3) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) in paragraph (6) by striking ``and'' at the end;
                  (B) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph (8); 
                and
                  (C) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following:
          ``(7) ensure that the proposed program of projects provides 
        improved access to transit for the individuals described in 
        section 5336(j); and''.
  (f) Technical Correction.--Section 5307(a)(2)(B)(ii) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended by striking ``service during peak'' and 
inserting ``service, during peak''.
  (g) Transportation Development Credits as Local Match.--
          (1) Section 5307.--Section 5307(d)(3) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in subparagraph (D) by striking ``; and'' and 
                inserting a semicolon;
                  (B) in subparagraph (E) by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; and''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(F) transportation development credits.''.
          (2) Section 5309.--Section 5309 of title 49, United States 
        Code, is amended--
                  (A) in subsection (f) by adding at the end the 
                following:
          ``(3) Transportation development credits.--For purposes of 
        assessments and determinations under this subsection or 
        subsection (h), transportation development credits that are 
        included as a source of local financing or match shall be 
        treated the same as other sources of local financing.''; and
                  (B) in subsection (l)(4)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (B) by striking ``; or'' 
                        and inserting a semicolon;
                          (ii) in subparagraph (C) by striking the 
                        period and inserting a semicolon; and
                          (iii) by adding at the end the following:
                  ``(D) transportation development credits; or''.
          (3) Section 5339.--Section 5339(a)(7)(B) of title 49, United 
        States Code, is amended--
                  (A) in clause (iv) by striking ``; or'' and inserting 
                a semicolon;
                  (B) in clause (v) by striking the period and 
                inserting ``; or''; and
                  (C) by adding at the end the following:
                          ``(vi) transportation development credits.''.
  (h) Clarification of Incidental Use.--Section 5310(b)(7) of title 49, 
United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in the header by inserting ``and incidental use'' after 
        ``individuals'';
          (2) by inserting ``or providing other incidental services'' 
        after ``individuals''; and
          (3) by striking ``delivery service does not conflict'' and 
        inserting ``service does not conflict''.

SEC. 2105. POLICIES AND PURPOSES.

  Section 5301(b) of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in paragraph (7) by striking ``; and'' and inserting a 
        semicolon;
          (2) in paragraph (8) by striking the period and inserting a 
        semicolon; and
          (3) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(9) reduce the contributions of the surface transportation 
        system to the total carbon pollution of the United States; and
          ``(10) improve the resiliency of the public transportation 
        network to withstand weather events and other natural 
        disasters.''.

SEC. 2106. FISCAL YEARS 2022 AND 2023 FORMULAS.

  For fiscal years 2022 and 2023, the Secretary of Transportation shall 
apportion and distribute formula funds provided for under chapter 53 of 
title 49, United States Code, using data submitted to the 2019 National 
Transit Database.

SEC. 2107. METROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  Section 5303 of title 49, United States Code, is further amended--
          (1) by amending subsection (a)(1) to read as follows:
          ``(1) to encourage and promote the safe and efficient 
        management, operation, and development of surface 
        transportation systems that will serve the mobility needs of 
        people and freight, foster economic growth and development 
        within and between States and urbanized areas, and take into 
        consideration resiliency and climate change adaptation needs 
        while reducing transportation-related fuel consumption, air 
        pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions through metropolitan 
        and statewide transportation planning processes identified in 
        this chapter; and''.
          (2) in subsection (b)--
                  (A) by redesignating paragraphs (6) and (7) as 
                paragraphs (7) and (8), respectively; and
                  (B) by inserting after paragraph (5) the following:
          ``(6) STIP.--The term `STIP' means a statewide transportation 
        improvement program developed by a State under section 
        135(g).'';
          (3) in subsection (c)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``and transportation 
                improvement programs'' and inserting ``and TIPs''; and
                  (B) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Consideration.--In developing the plans and TIPs, 
        metropolitan planning organizations shall consider direct and 
        indirect emissions of greenhouse gases.'';
          (4) in subsection (d)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2) by striking ``Not later than 2 
                years after the date of enactment of the Federal Public 
                Transportation Act of 2012, each'' and inserting 
                ``Each'';
                  (B) in paragraph (3) by adding at the end the 
                following:
                  ``(D) Equitable and proportional representation.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In designating officials 
                        or representatives under paragraph (2), the 
                        metropolitan planning organization shall ensure 
                        the equitable and proportional representation 
                        of the population of the metropolitan planning 
                        area.
                          ``(ii) Savings clause.--Nothing in this 
                        paragraph shall require a metropolitan planning 
                        organization in existence on the date of 
                        enactment of this subparagraph to be 
                        restructured.
                          ``(iii) Redesignation.--Notwithstanding 
                        clause (ii), the requirements of this paragraph 
                        shall apply to any metropolitan planning 
                        organization redesignated under paragraph 
                        (6).'';
                  (C) in paragraph (6)(B) by striking ``paragraph (2)'' 
                and inserting ``paragraphs (2) or (3)(D)''; and
                  (D) in paragraph (7)--
                          (i) by striking ``an existing metropolitan 
                        planning area'' and inserting ``an urbanized 
                        area''; and
                          (ii) by striking ``the existing metropolitan 
                        planning area'' and inserting ``the area'';
          (5) in subsection (g)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``a metropolitan 
                area'' and inserting ``an urbanized area'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2) by striking ``mpos'' and 
                inserting ``metropolitan planning areas''
                  (C) in paragraph (3)(A) by inserting ``emergency 
                response and evacuation, climate change adaptation and 
                resilience,'' after ``disaster risk reduction,''; and
                  (D) by adding at the end the following:
          ``(4) Coordination between mpos.--
                  ``(A) In general.--If more than one metropolitan 
                planning organization is designated within an urbanized 
                area under subsection (d)(7), the metropolitan planning 
                organizations designated within the area shall ensure, 
                to the maximum extent practicable, the consistency of 
                any data used in the planning process, including 
                information used in forecasting transportation demand.
                  ``(B) Savings clause.--Nothing in this paragraph 
                requires metropolitan planning organizations designated 
                within a single urbanized area to jointly develop 
                planning documents, including a unified long-range 
                transportation plan or unified TIP.'';
          (6) in subsection (h)(1)--
                  (A) by striking subparagraph (E) and inserting the 
                following:
                  ``(E) protect and enhance the environment, promote 
                energy conservation, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, 
                improve the quality of life and public health, and 
                promote consistency between transportation improvements 
                and State and local planned growth and economic 
                development patterns, including housing and land use 
                patterns;'';
                  (B) in subparagraph (H) by striking ``and'' at the 
                end;
                  (C) in subparagraph (I) by striking the period at the 
                end and inserting ``and reduce or mitigate stormwater, 
                sea level rise, extreme weather, and climate change 
                impacts of surface transportation;''; and
                  (D) by inserting after subparagraph (I) the 
                following:
                  ``(J) support emergency management, response, and 
                evacuation and hazard mitigation;
                  ``(K) improve the level of transportation system 
                access; and
                  ``(L) support inclusive zoning policies and land use 
                planning practices that incentivize affordable, 
                elastic, and diverse housing supply, facilitate long-
                term economic growth by improving the accessibility of 
                housing to jobs, and prevent high housing costs from 
                displacing economically disadvantaged households.'';
          (7) in subsection (h)(2) by striking subparagraph (A) and 
        inserting the following:
                  ``(A) In general.--Through the use of a performance-
                based approach, transportation investment decisions 
                made as a part of the metropolitan transportation 
                planning process shall support the national goals 
                described in section 150(b) of title 23, the 
                achievement of metropolitan and statewide targets 
                established under section 150(d) of title 23, the 
                improvement of transportation system access (consistent 
                with section 150(f)) of title 23, and the general 
                purposes described in section 5301 of this title.'';
          (8) in subsection (i)--
                  (A) in paragraph (2)(D)(i) by inserting ``reduce 
                greenhouse gas emissions and'' before ``restore and 
                maintain'';
                  (B) in paragraph (2)(G) by inserting ``and climate 
                change'' after ``infrastructure to natural disasters'';
                  (C) in paragraph (2)(H) by inserting ``greenhouse gas 
                emissions,'' after ``pollution,'';
                  (D) in paragraph (5)--
                          (i) in subparagraph (A) by inserting ``air 
                        quality, public health, housing, 
                        transportation, resilience, hazard mitigation, 
                        emergency management,'' after 
                        ``conservation,''; and
                          (ii) by striking subparagraph (B) and 
                        inserting the following:
                  ``(B) Issues.--The consultation shall involve, as 
                appropriate, comparison of transportation plans to 
                other relevant plans, including, if available--
                          ``(i) State conservation plans or maps; and
                          ``(ii) inventories of natural or historic 
                        resources.''; and
                  (E) by amending paragraph (6)(C) to read as follows:
                  ``(C) Methods.--
                          ``(i) In general.--In carrying out 
                        subparagraph (A), the metropolitan planning 
                        organization shall, to the maximum extent 
                        practicable--
                                  ``(I) hold any public meetings at 
                                convenient and accessible locations and 
                                times;
                                  ``(II) employ visualization 
                                techniques to describe plans; and
                                  ``(III) make public information 
                                available in electronically accessible 
                                format and means, such as the internet, 
                                as appropriate to afford reasonable 
                                opportunity for consideration of public 
                                information under subparagraph (A).
                          ``(ii) Additional methods.--In addition to 
                        the methods described in clause (i), in 
                        carrying out subparagraph (A), the metropolitan 
                        planning organization shall, to the maximum 
                        extent practicable--
                                  ``(I) use virtual public involvement, 
                                social media, and other web-based tools 
                                to encourage public participation and 
                                solicit public feedback; and
                                  ``(II) use other methods, as 
                                appropriate, to further encourage 
                                public participation of historically 
                                underrepresented individuals in the 
                                transportation planning process.'';
          (9) in subsection (j) by striking ``transportation 
        improvement program'' and inserting ``TIP'' each place it 
        appears; and
          (10) by striking ``Federally'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``federally''.

SEC. 2108. STATEWIDE AND NONMETROPOLITAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNING.

  Section 5304 of title 49, United States Code, is amended--
          (1) in subsection (a)--
                  (A) in paragraph (1) by striking ``statewide 
                transportation improve