[House Report 116-84]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


   116th Congress   }                                {   Report
                          HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES  
   1st Session      }                                {    116-84
                                                 
                             
                                                        
_______________________________________________________________________


            DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2020

                               ----------                              

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                      COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [TO ACCOMPANY H.R. 2968]
                        
                        

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]


  May 23, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed
              
              



            DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2020
            
            
            
            
            
116th Congress    }                                            {  Report                                                      
                         HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                 
1st Session       }                                            {  116-84
_______________________________________________________________________
                                   


            DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2020

                               __________

                              R E P O R T

                                 of the

                      COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [TO ACCOMPANY H.R. 2968]
                        
                        
                        

[GRAPHIC(S) NOT AVAILABLE IN TIFF FORMAT]




  May 23, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed
              
              
                              _________ 

                U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE
                   
36-471                  WASHINGTON : 2019                    
 
 
 
 
              
              
              
                            C O N T E N T S

                                                                   Page
Bill Totals......................................................     1
Committee Budget Review Process..................................     3
Introduction.....................................................     3
Definition of Program, Project, and Activity.....................     5
Reprogramming Guidance...........................................     5
Funding Increases................................................     6
Congressional Special Interest Items.............................     6
Classified Annex.................................................     6
Committee Recommendations by Major Category......................     6
  Active, Reserve, and National Guard Military Personnel.........     6
  Operation and Maintenance......................................     7
  Procurement....................................................     7
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation.....................     8
  Defense Health Program.........................................     8
  Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on Terrorism 
    Requirements.................................................     8
Special Operations Command Obligation and Expenditure Plans......     9
Supporting ``The Air Force We Need''.............................     9
Positioning the F-35 Program for Continued Success...............    10
Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure..........................    11
Organization and Management of Space Programs....................    12
Compliance with Contract Services Law............................    13
Civilian Cyber Workforce.........................................    14
Insider Threat Detection and User Activity Monitoring............    14
Spectrum for Advanced Wireless Services..........................    14
Cyberspace Activities Budget Justification Submissions...........    15
TITLE I. MILITARY PERSONNEL......................................    17
  Military Personnel Overview....................................    19
  Summary of End Strength........................................    19
  Overall Active End Strength....................................    19
  Overall Selected Reserve End Strength..........................    19
  Reprogramming Guidance for Military Personnel Accounts.........    20
  Military Personnel Special Interest Items......................    20
  Minority Outreach and Officer Accessions.......................    20
  Cultural Sensitivity Training..................................    21
  Trauma Training Program........................................    21
  Sexual Assault Prevention and Response.........................    21
  Suicide Prevention and Outreach................................    22
  Basic Allowance for Housing....................................    22
  Mid-Career Retention of Females in the Military................    22
  Military Personnel, Army.......................................    22
    End Strength.................................................    26
  Military Personnel, Navy.......................................    26
    Cybersecurity Professionals..................................    30
  Military Personnel, Marine Corps...............................    30
  Military Personnel, Air Force..................................    34
  Reserve Personnel, Army........................................    38
  Reserve Personnel, Navy........................................    41
  Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps................................    44
  Reserve Personnel, Air Force...................................    47
  National Guard Personnel, Army.................................    50
  National Guard Personnel, Air Force............................    53
TITLE II. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE..............................    57
  Reprogramming Guidance for Operation and Maintenance Accounts..    59
  Reprogramming Guidance for Special Operations Command..........    60
  Operation and Maintenance Special Interest Items...............    60
  Operation and Maintenance Quarterly Updates....................    60
  Defense Language Program.......................................    61
  Restoring Readiness............................................    61
  90/10 Rule.....................................................    61
  Childcare......................................................    62
  Military Food Transformation...................................    62
  Vieques and Culebra............................................    63
  Pilot Shortages................................................    63
  Civilian Pay...................................................    63
  Reclaimed Refrigerants.........................................    64
  Movement of Personnel Effects..................................    64
  United States--Republic of Korea Military Exercises............    64
  Meals Ready-To-Eat War Reserve.................................    65
  Reducing Waste, Fraud, and Abuse...............................    65
  Advertising....................................................    65
  Indian Financing Act...........................................    65
  Native Plant Materials.........................................    65
  Sexual Assault and Juvenile Justice............................    65
  Joint Regional Security Stacks.................................    66
  Digital Asset Management Solution..............................    66
  Climate Change.................................................    66
  Wind Energy....................................................    67
  Operation and Maintenance, Army................................    67
  Operation and Maintenance, Navy................................    73
    Ship Depot Maintenance.......................................    80
    Jet Noise....................................................    80
    Shipyard Infrastructure......................................    80
  Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps........................    81
  Operation and Maintenance, Air Force...........................    85
    Pilot Shortages and Training Capacity........................    91
    Defense Media Activity.......................................    91
    Aircraft Damage..............................................    91
  Operation and Maintenance, Space Force.........................    91
  Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide........................    94
    Security Assistance Programs.................................   100
    Inventory Management.........................................   100
    Office of Economic Adjustment--Community Activities..........   101
    Defense Commissary Agency....................................   101
    Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency..............   101
    Sustainable Energy Initiatives...............................   102
    PFOS/PFOA Exposure Assessment................................   102
  Operation and Maintenance, Army Reserve........................   102
  Operation and Maintenance, Navy Reserve........................   105
  Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps Reserve................   108
  Operation and Maintenance, Air Force Reserve...................   111
  Operation and Maintenance, Army National Guard.................   114
  Operation and Maintenance, Air National Guard..................   117
  United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces............   120
  Environmental Restoration, Army................................   120
  Environmental Restoration, Navy................................   120
  Environmental Restoration, Air Force...........................   120
    Granular Activated Carbon....................................   120
  Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide........................   120
  Environmental Restoration, Formerly Used Defense Sites.........   121
  Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid.................   121
  Cooperative Threat Reduction Account...........................   122
  Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund...   122
TITLE III. PROCUREMENT...........................................   123
  Reprogramming Guidance for Acquisition Accounts................   125
  Funding Increases..............................................   125
  Procurement Special Interest Items.............................   125
  Aircraft Procurement, Army.....................................   125
    CH-47F Chinook Block II......................................   129
  Missile Procurement, Army......................................   129
    Indirect Fire Protection Capability and Iron Dome............   134
  Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army.......   134
    Machine Gun Mount Upgrades...................................   138
  Procurement of Ammunition, Army................................   138
  Other Procurement, Army........................................   144
    Physical Security and Artificial Intelligence................   154
    High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle Modernization and 
      Recapitalization...........................................   154
    Enhanced Lightweight Armor...................................   154
  Aircraft Procurement, Navy.....................................   154
    P-8A Poseidon................................................   161
  Weapons Procurement, Navy......................................   161
  Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine Corps...............   167
  Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy..............................   172
    Expeditionary Sea Base.......................................   176
  Other Procurement, Navy........................................   176
  Procurement, Marine Corps......................................   189
  Aircraft Procurement, Air Force................................   195
    Recapitalizing the F-15C/D Fleet.............................   202
  Missile Procurement, Air Force.................................   202
  Space Procurement, Air Force...................................   205
  Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force...........................   208
  Other Procurement, Air Force...................................   211
  Procurement, Defense-Wide......................................   216
    Recycled Content Products....................................   221
  Defense Production Act Purchases...............................   221
    Rare Earth Materials.........................................   221
    Radiation Hardened Microelectronics..........................   221
  Joint Urgent Operational Needs Fund............................   221
TITLE IV. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION.............   223
  Reprogramming Guidance for Acquisition Accounts................   225
  Funding Increases..............................................   225
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation Special Interest 
    Items........................................................   225
  Congressional Notifications....................................   225
  Advanced Manufacturing Center of Excellence....................   226
  Satellite Communications.......................................   226
  Hypersonics Capability Development.............................   226
  Human Performance Optimization Research........................   227
  F-35 Joint Strike Fighter Developmental Test Fleet.............   227
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Army...............   227
    Advanced Projectile Systems..................................   242
    Cold Spray Additive Manufacturing............................   242
    Asset Protection Technologies................................   242
    Cyber and Electronic Warfare for the Dismounted Soldier......   242
    Agile Manufacturing Materials Processing.....................   242
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy...............   242
    Nuclear Sea-Launched Cruise Missile..........................   262
    Small Business Innovation Research Program...................   262
    Blast Injury.................................................   263
    Musculoskeletal Injuries in Female Servicemembers............   263
    Coastal Environmental Research...............................   263
    Energy Resiliency............................................   263
    Advanced Energetics Research.................................   263
    Lethality and Survivability of Littoral Combat Ships.........   264
    Research and Workforce Partnerships for Submarine and 
      Undersea Vehicle Programs..................................   264
    Digital Security of Additive Manufacturing...................   264
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Air Force..........   264
    Hypersonic Weapon Prototyping................................   278
    Manufacturing Technology for Hypersonic and Space Systems....   278
    Propulsion for Reusable Hypersonic Systems...................   279
    Remotely Controlled Aircraft Positioning Systems.............   279
    Refractory Metal Alloy Research..............................   279
    Coatings for Corrosion Control...............................   279
    Low Cost Attritable Aircraft Technology......................   279
    Thin Film Photovoltaic Materials.............................   280
    Next Generation Overhead Persistent Infrared Program.........   280
    Space Common Operating Picture...............................   280
    National Security Space Launch...............................   281
    Persistent Cyber Engagement..................................   281
    Data Transmission in Contested Environments..................   281
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-Wide.......   282
    Renewable Energy for Military Installations..................   297
    Trusted Foundry..............................................   297
    Cooperative Research.........................................   297
    Women and Minorities in STEM Pipeline........................   297
    Lead-Free Electronics........................................   298
    Protecting Troops from Biological Weapons....................   298
    Forensic Science Workforce...................................   298
    Military Language Flagship Program...........................   298
    Integrated Power and Thermal Systems.........................   298
    Distributed Ledger Technology Research and Development.......   299
    National Security Innovation Base............................   299
    Advanced Structural Manufacturing Technologies...............   299
    Autonomous Distribution for Critical Supplies................   299
  Operational Test and Evaluation, Defense.......................   299
TITLE V. REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS..........................   301
  Defense Working Capital Funds..................................   301
  Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency Working Capital 
    Fund.........................................................   301
TITLE VI. OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS...................   303
  Defense Health Program.........................................   303
    Reprogramming Guidance for the Defense Health Program........   307
    Carryover....................................................   307
    Peer-Reviewed Cancer Research Programs.......................   307
    Joint Warfighter Medical Research Program....................   308
    Combat Readiness Medical Research Program....................   308
    Electronic Health Records....................................   309
    Military Health System Transformation........................   310
    Descoping Military Treatment Facilities......................   311
    Reduction of Military Billets................................   311
    Transitioning Military Treatment Facilities to the Defense 
      Health Agency..............................................   312
    Metastatic Cancer Research...................................   312
    Collaboration with Minority Serving Health Institutions......   312
    Creative Arts Therapies......................................   313
    Diet and Force Readiness.....................................   313
    University Affiliated Research Centers.......................   313
    Advanced Orthopedic Surgical Training........................   313
    Valley Fever.................................................   314
    Traumatic Brain Injury.......................................   314
    Mental Health Providers......................................   314
    The Cancer Center at Walter Reed National Military Medical 
      Center.....................................................   314
    Sexual Assault and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder............   315
    Hearing Center of Excellence.................................   315
  Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense.............   315
  Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense.........   316
    Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities................   316
  Office of the Inspector General................................   316
TITLE VII. RELATED AGENCIES......................................   319
  National and Military Intelligence Programs....................   319
    Classified Annex.............................................   319
  Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System 
    Fund.........................................................   319
  Intelligence Community Management Account......................   319
    Credibility Assessment.......................................   320
TITLE VIII. GENERAL PROVISIONS...................................   321
TITLE IX. OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS/GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM   331
  Committee Recommendation.......................................   331
  Reporting Requirements.........................................   331
  Military Personnel.............................................   331
  Operation and Maintenance......................................   337
    Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.............................   348
    Counter-Islamic State of Iraq and Syria Train and Equip Fund.   348
    Yemen........................................................   349
  Procurement....................................................   349
    National Guard and Reserve Equipment Account.................   368
  Research, Development, Test and Evaluation.....................   368
  Revolving and Management Funds.................................   372
    Defense Working Capital Funds................................   372
  Other Department of Defense Programs...........................   372
    Defense Health Program.......................................   372
    Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense.......   372
    Office of the Inspector General..............................   372
  General Provisions.............................................   372
TITLE X..........................................................   375
    Additional General Provisions................................   375
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REPORTING REQUIREMENTS..................   375
  Statement of General Performance Goals and Objectives..........   375
  Rescissions....................................................   375
  Transfer of Funds..............................................   376
  Earmark Disclosure Statement...................................   378
  Compliance with Rule XIII, Cl. 3(e) (Ramseyer Rule)............   378
  Changes in the Application of Existing Law.....................   378
  Appropriations Not Authorized By Law...........................   391
  Comparison with the Budget Resolution..........................   392
  Five-Year Outlay Projections...................................   392
  Financial Assistance to State and Local Governments............   392
  Program Duplication............................................   392
  Directed Rule Making...........................................
  Full Committee Votes...........................................   396
  Minority Views.................................................   419
  
  
  
  
  


116th Congress   }                                             {   Report
                           HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 1st Session     }                                             {   116-84

======================================================================



 
            DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPROPRIATIONS BILL, 2020

                                _______
                                

  May 23, 2019.--Committed to the Committee of the Whole House on the 
              State of the Union and ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

    Mr. Visclosky of Indiana, from the Committee on Appropriations, 
                        submitted the following

                              R E P O R T

                             together with

                             MINORITY VIEWS

                        [To accompany H.R. 2968]

    The Committee on Appropriations submits the following 
report in explanation of the accompanying bill making 
appropriations for the Department of Defense, and for other 
purposes, for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2020.

                              BILL TOTALS

    Appropriations for most military functions of the 
Department of Defense are provided for in the accompanying bill 
for fiscal year 2020. This bill does not provide appropriations 
for military construction, military family housing, civil 
defense, and military nuclear warheads, for which requirements 
are considered in connection with other appropriations Acts.
    The President's fiscal year 2020 budget request for 
activities funded in the Department of Defense Appropriations 
Act totals $698,212,379,000 in new budget obligational 
authority.


                    COMMITTEE BUDGET REVIEW PROCESS

    During its review of the fiscal year 2020 budget request 
and execution of appropriations for fiscal year 2019, the 
Subcommittee on Defense held a total of 16 hearings and one 
formal briefing during the period of February 2019 to May 2019. 
Hearings were held in open session, except when the security 
classification of the material to be discussed presented no 
alternative but to conduct those hearings in executive or 
closed session.

                              INTRODUCTION

    The Committee recommendation for total fiscal year 2020 
Department of Defense discretionary funding is 
$690,161,000,000, which is an increase of $15,778,000,000 above 
the fiscal year 2019 enacted level and a decrease of 
$8,051,379,000 below the budget request. The recommendation 
includes $622,082,000,000 in base funding and $68,079,000,000 
for overseas contingency operations/global war on terrorism 
funding in title IX.
    With this bill, the Committee has carried out its 
constitutional responsibility to recommend the appropriations 
necessary to provide for the common defense of the Nation. The 
Committee did this in a collegial and bipartisan fashion 
consistent with its long-standing traditions.
    Oversight of the management and expenditure of the 
$690,161,000,000 provided to the Department of Defense and the 
Intelligence Community is a core function of the Defense 
Subcommittee. The Subcommittee performed this core function 
with a reinvigorated hearing schedule and a review of the 
budget in detail. Seventeen hearings and briefings were held as 
defense and intelligence agency witnesses testified before the 
Subcommittee to defend the fiscal year 2020 budget request, 
with some agencies testifying after an absence of several 
years.
    As in years past, the Subcommittee has thoroughly reviewed 
the budget request and identified programs where reductions are 
possible without adversely affecting the safety and 
effectiveness of military personnel. Examples of such 
reductions include programs that have been restructured since 
the budget was submitted, savings from favorable contract 
pricing adjustments, contract or schedule delays resulting in 
savings, unjustified new programs and cost increases, funds 
requested ahead of need for the year of budget execution, 
projected or historical underexecution, and rescissions of 
unneeded prior year funds.
    The Committee recommendation continues to support the 
Department's effort to align its resources with the National 
Defense Strategy. This strategy reorients the Department's 
primary focus toward the challenges posed by great powers such 
as China and Russia, and their efforts to counter and overcome 
the technological and operational superiority long enjoyed by 
the United States military. The Committee agrees with the 
Department that this technological overmatch can no longer be 
assumed and recommends robust funding to develop and field new 
weapon systems and capabilities to address these new 
challenges. The Committee recommendation balances this forward-
looking posture with continuing investments in the restoration 
of readiness and the quality of life for troops and their 
families.
    In this recommendation, the Committee provides funding for 
the requested pay raise of 3.1 percent, but also recognizes the 
unique challenges military service poses to family life. 
Unconventional work hours and long-term deployments pose 
challenges for all servicemembers but are particularly 
difficult for those with children in need of childcare. The 
recommendation provides additional funding to increase capacity 
for childcare to aid in improving quality of life for 
servicemembers and directs the military Services to provide 
more information about the needs of childcare in future budget 
submissions. The Committee believes that access to affordable 
and quality childcare is one of the lynchpins to retention in 
the all-volunteer force, particularly for mid-career enlisted 
and officers.
    The fiscal year 2020 budget request proposes numerous 
changes, new programs, and a new military force. The Committee 
acknowledges the need for change to address persistent problems 
and emerging threats. However, without detailed budget 
justification submitted in a timely manner, the Committee 
cannot recommend full funding for these initiatives. For 
example, an organization's budget request was submitted with 
one page of justification; funding requests for programs with 
one paragraph of explanation; and requests for additional 
information unfulfilled.
    The Committee recommendation reasserts the congressional 
power of the purse against the administration's abuse of the 
transfer authority and reprogramming privileges provided in 
this Act. The Committee strongly opposes the Department's use 
of funds appropriated for military requirements to subsidize 
border wall construction. This action flouts a long-standing 
tradition of comity and cooperation between the executive and 
legislative branches that exists to meet unforeseen 
requirements and higher military priorities that inevitably 
arise between the submission of the budget request and the 
execution of those funds pursuant to congressional 
appropriations legislation. The Committee recommendation 
includes provisions to prevent and deter the further misuse of 
funds recommended by the Committee, and still allows for the 
meeting of urgent and emerging military requirements.
    The Committee notes its disappointment of the 
administration's unwillingness to confront the reality of the 
Budget Control Act in the budget request presented for fiscal 
year 2020. While the initial impact of the Budget Control Act 
on the Department of Defense was severe, the Department 
received a total of $264,000,000,000 in base budget relief 
since fiscal year 2012. Much of that budget relief occurred in 
fiscal years 2017 to 2019 when the Department's budget 
increased nominally by 13 percent. The fiscal year 2020 budget 
request proposes another increase of approximately 
$33,000,000,000, or 4.9 percent. Rather than addressing the 
need to raise the Budget Control Act caps to support its 
defense budget, the choice was made instead to submit a request 
for nearly $100,000,000,000 in overseas contingency operations 
(OCO) funds to fulfill base budget requirements to circumvent 
the caps. These ``OCO for base'' funds are in addition to OCO 
for direct and enduring costs associated with current 
operations. The Committee recommendation rejects the request to 
use OCO for entire appropriations within the bill and restores 
the proper balance of base and OCO funds.
    While the Committee recommendation continues to support, 
through the overseas contingency operations appropriation, 
ongoing combat operations in Afghanistan, the Committee 
believes after almost eighteen years all efforts should be made 
to transition these enduring requirements into the base budget, 
especially if the United States military will serve there for 
the foreseeable future.
    The Committee also notes the fiscal year 2020 budget 
submission recognizes the large increases for the Department of 
Defense are unsustainable and slows the rate of growth through 
the future years defense program. This contradicts the fact 
that the Department submitted a fiscal year 2020 budget request 
that is larger than it anticipated at this time a year ago, and 
the Services and combatant commands have submitted lists of 
unfunded requirements and priorities for fiscal year 2020 
totaling approximately $11,000,000,000. The Department claims 
it will be able to continue to prioritize modernization by 
relying on savings, reforms, and efficiencies that have been 
difficult to achieve. Further, the Committee notes that while 
the administration requests an exaggerated OCO request for 
fiscal year 2020, it also assumes traditional OCO expenditures 
will somehow dwindle to $20,000,000,000 in fiscal year 2022, 
post-Budget Control Act. The Committee recommendation provides 
the Department with sufficient resources without resorting to 
gimmicks and wishful thinking.

              DEFINITION OF PROGRAM, PROJECT, AND ACTIVITY

    For the purposes of the Balanced Budget and Emergency 
Deficit Control Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-177), as amended by 
the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Reaffirmation 
Act of 1987 (Public Law 100-119), and by the Budget Enforcement 
Act of 1990 (Public Law 101-508), the terms ``program, project, 
and activity'' for appropriations contained in this Act shall 
be defined as the most specific level of budget items 
identified in the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 
2020, the related classified annexes and Committee reports, and 
the P-1 and R-1 budget justification documents as subsequently 
modified by congressional action.
    The following exception to the above definition shall 
apply: the military personnel and the operation and maintenance 
accounts, for which the term ``program, project, and activity'' 
is defined as the appropriations accounts contained in the 
Department of Defense Appropriations Act.
    At the time the President submits the budget request for 
fiscal year 2021, the Secretary of Defense is directed to 
transmit to the congressional defense committees budget 
justification documents to be known as the M-1 and O-1, which 
shall identify, at the budget activity, activity group, and 
sub-activity group level, the amounts requested by the 
President to be appropriated to the Department of Defense for 
military personnel and operation and maintenance in any budget 
request, or amended budget request, for fiscal year 2021.

                         REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE

    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
prior approval reprogramming to the congressional defense 
committees for any reprogramming of funding above a threshold 
of $10,000,000 for a military personnel; operation and 
maintenance; procurement; or research, development, test and 
evaluation line.
    The Committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) to continue to provide the congressional defense 
committees annual DD Form 1416 reports for titles I and II and 
quarterly, spreadsheet-based DD Form 1416 reports for Service 
and defense-wide accounts in titles III and IV of this Act. 
Reports for titles III and IV shall comply with guidance 
specified in the explanatory statement accompanying the 
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2006. The Department 
shall continue to follow the limitation that prior approval 
reprogrammings are set at either the specified dollar threshold 
or 20 percent of the procurement or research, development, test 
and evaluation line, whichever is less. These thresholds are 
cumulative from the base for reprogramming value as modified by 
any adjustments. Therefore, if the combined value of transfers 
into or out of a military personnel (M-1), an operation and 
maintenance (O-1), a procurement (P-1), or a research, 
development, test and evaluation (R-1) line exceeds the 
identified threshold, the Secretary of Defense must submit a 
prior approval reprogramming to the congressional defense 
committees. In addition, guidelines on the application of prior 
approval reprogramming procedures for congressional special 
interest items are established elsewhere in this report.

                           FUNDING INCREASES

    The funding increases outlined in the tables for each 
appropriation account shall be provided only for the specific 
purposes indicated in the tables.

                  CONGRESSIONAL SPECIAL INTEREST ITEMS

    Items for which additional funds have been provided or 
items for which funding is specifically reduced as shown in the 
project level tables or in paragraphs using the phrase ``only 
for'' or ``only to'' in this report are congressional special 
interest items for the purpose of the Base for Reprogramming 
(DD Form 1414). Each of these items must be carried on the DD 
Form 1414 at the stated amount, as specifically addressed in 
the Committee report.

                            CLASSIFIED ANNEX

    Adjustments to the classified programs are addressed in the 
classified annex accompanying this report.

              COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS BY MAJOR CATEGORY

         ACTIVE, RESERVE AND NATIONAL GUARD MILITARY PERSONNEL

    In title I of the bill, the Committee recommends a total of 
$149,438,464,000 for active, reserve, and National Guard 
military personnel, a decrease of $1,854,854,000 below the 
budget request, and an increase of $3,368,333,000 above the 
fiscal year 2019 enacted level. The Committee recommendation 
provides full funding necessary to increase basic pay for all 
military personnel by 3.1 percent, as authorized by current 
law, effective January 1, 2020.

                       OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

    In title II of the bill, the Committee recommends a total 
of $206,673,518,000 for operation and maintenance support to 
the military Services and other Department of Defense entities, 
an increase of $82,728,904,000 above the budget request, and an 
increase of $12,990,643,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level. The recommended levels will fund robust operational 
training, readiness, and facilities needs in fiscal year 2020.

                              PROCUREMENT

    In title III of the bill, the Committee recommends a total 
of $130,544,776,000 for procurement.
    Major initiatives and modifications include:
    $1,411,540,000 for the procurement of 73 UH-60 Blackhawk 
helicopters;
    $798,785,000 for the procurement of 48 remanufactured AH-64 
Apache helicopters;
    $1,746,007,000 for the upgrade of 165 Abrams tanks to the 
M1A2 system enhancement package configuration;
    $1,730,360,000 for the procurement of 24 F/A-18E/F Super 
Hornet aircraft;
    $1,676,057,000 for the procurement of nine P-8A Poseidon 
multi-mission aircraft; an increase of three aircraft and 
$469,356,000 above the President's request;
    $1,070,294,000 for the procurement of six E-2D Advanced 
Hawkeye aircraft, an increase of two aircraft and $325,810,000 
above the President's request;
    $1,214,759,000 for the procurement of 14 V-22 aircraft, an 
increase of four aircraft and $248,093,000 above the 
President's request;
    $793,899,000 for the procurement of six CH-53K helicopters;
    $647,351,000 for the procurement of six VH-92 executive 
helicopters;
    $8,672,531,000 for the procurement of 90 F-35 aircraft, an 
increase of $783,836,000 and 12 aircraft above the President's 
request: 10 short take-off and vertical landing variants for 
the Marine Corps, 20 carrier variants for the Navy and Marine 
Corps, and 60 conventional variants for the Air Force;
    $21,699,556,000 for the procurement of 11 Navy ships, 
including three DDG-51 guided missile destroyers, two SSN-774 
attack submarines, one Frigate, one Ford class aircraft 
carrier, two Towing, Salvage, and Rescue Ships, two TAO fleet 
oilers, the continued procurement of the Columbia Class 
submarine, and advance procurement for a third SSN-774 attack 
submarine;
    $985,500,000 for the procurement of eight F-15EX aircraft;
    $1,431,267,000 for the procurement of 16 C/MC/KC-130J 
aircraft, an increase of $307,064,000 and four C-130J aircraft 
above the President's request;
    $413,245,000 for the procurement of 15 MQ-9 Reaper unmanned 
aerial vehicles, including three for the Marine Corps and 12 
for the Air Force;
    $2,189,529,000 for the procurement of 12 KC-46 tanker 
aircraft;
    $876,035,000 for the procurement of 12 combat rescue 
helicopters;
    $1,237,635,000 for the procurement of four space launch 
services; and
    $200,000,000 for the Israeli Cooperative Programs under the 
Missile Defense Agency.

               RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION

    In title IV of the bill, the Committee recommends a total 
of $100,455,412,000 for research, development, test and 
evaluation.
    Major initiatives and modifications include:
    $419,051,000 for the continued development of the Columbia 
class ballistic missile submarine;
    $590,425,000 for the continued development of the unmanned 
carrier aviation program;
    $516,955,000 for the continued development of the CH-53K 
helicopter;
    $1,613,848,000 for the continued development of the F-35 
Lightning Joint Strike Fighter aircraft;
    $3,003,899,000 for the continued development of the B-21 
bomber;
    $757,923,000 for the development of a Presidential Aircraft 
Replacement;
    $427,300,000 for the design, build, and test of the Army's 
Future Attack Reconnaissance Aircraft;
    $378,400,000 for the Army's Next Generation Combat Vehicle;
    $428,395,000 for Long Range Precision Fires;
    $432,009,000 for space launch services;
    $452,875,000 for the Global Positioning System IIIF;
    $445,302,000 for the Global Positioning System III 
Operational Control Segment;
    $1,193,688,000 for the Next-Generation Overhead Persistent 
Infrared system;
    $3,527,921,000 for the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
Agency; and $300,000,000 for the Israeli Cooperative Programs 
under the Missile Defense Agency.

                         DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM

    In title VI of the bill, the Committee recommends a total 
of $33,476,039,000 for the Defense Health Program to support 
worldwide medical and dental services for active forces and 
other eligible beneficiaries.

  OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS/GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM REQUIREMENTS

    In title IX of the bill, the Committee recommends a total 
of $68,079,000,000 for overseas contingency operations/global 
war on terrorism (OCO/GWOT) requirements.
    Military Personnel: The Committee recommends a total of 
$4,485,808,000 for military personnel OCO/GWOT requirements in 
title IX of the bill.
    Operation and Maintenance: The Committee recommends a total 
of $49,772,124,000 for operation and maintenance OCO/GWOT 
requirements in title IX of the bill.
    Procurement: The Committee recommends a total of 
$11,748,074,000 for procurement OCO/GWOT requirements in title 
IX of the bill.
    Research, Development, Test and Evaluation: The Committee 
recommends a total of $844,368,000 for research, development, 
test and evaluation OCO/GWOT requirements in title IX of the 
bill.

      SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND OBLIGATION AND EXPENDITURE PLANS

    The Committee seeks additional transparency regarding the 
obligation and expenditure of funds for the Special Operations 
Command procurement and research and development accounts. The 
existing budget justification and quarterly execution data lack 
certain details that enable the Committee to analyze trends and 
program office performance. To facilitate appropriate 
oversight, the Committee directs the Commander of the United 
States Special Operations Command to provide the House and 
Senate Appropriations Committees detailed spend plans at the 
project level for the procurement and research and development 
appropriations accounts. The spend plans shall include all 
active fiscal years, with monthly obligation and target 
benchmarks. The first spend plan should be provided not later 
than 45 days after the enactment of this Act, and subsequent 
spend plans should be provided annually with the submission of 
the budget request.

                  SUPPORTING ``THE AIR FORCE WE NEED''

    The Committee has considered the Air Force budget request 
in conjunction with the analysis produced by the Air Force in 
response to section 1064 of the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2018. This analysis, publicly referred to 
by Air Force leadership as ``The Air Force We Need,'' indicates 
that the Service is too small to fulfill the demands of the 
2018 National Defense Strategy at a ``low-moderate'' level of 
risk. To fill this gap, the Air Force indicates a need to grow 
to 386 operational squadrons from the current 312 squadrons, 
including the addition of seven fighter squadrons. Based on 
this notional growth in fighter squadrons, the Air Force has 
identified the need to annually procure 72 new fighter 
aircraft.
    The Committee notes that the resources to initiate and 
sustain such growth simply do not exist within the fiscal year 
2020 budget request or future years defense program, nor does 
the Air Force's five-year plan for fighter procurement achieve 
72 new aircraft within any year. The plan that has been 
submitted to the Committee requests 48 F-35A aircraft in fiscal 
year 2020 and every year thereafter through 2024, a reduction 
of 30 aircraft compared to the 2017 Selected Acquisition Report 
profile for the F-35 program. In addition, the request includes 
funding for the procurement of eight new F-15 aircraft to begin 
recapitalization of the F-15C/D fleet. In this plan, F-15 
procurement would grow to 18 aircraft in fiscal years 2021-
2024, achieving a total fighter aircraft procurement rate of 66 
during the same period.
    The Committee does not view the ``Air Force We Need'' 
analysis as a definitive solution to the Air Force's 
requirements under the National Defense Strategy, or as a firm 
goal to guide immediate resourcing decisions, but rather as the 
first step of an iterative analytical, programming, and 
budgeting process to be undertaken in dialogue with the 
congressional defense committees. The Committee believes that 
the demands of the National Defense Strategy must be met with a 
balance of increased capacity in existing systems and the 
development and fielding of new capabilities, subject to fiscal 
constraints--which the Air Force was not required to consider 
in response to the section 1064 mandate.
    To address concerns about capacity, including the fighter 
fleet that has been emphasized by Air Force leadership, the 
Committee recommendation includes a total of 68 new fighter 
aircraft. This includes the eight new-build F-15 aircraft 
requested and 60 F-35A aircraft, an increase of 12 aircraft 
above the request. The F-35A quantity of 60 is an increase of 
four aircraft above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level. The 
Committee notes that this recommendation procures more than 
seven ``fifth generation'' fighters for every single new 
``fourth generation'' fighter. The Committee recommends this as 
a reasonable balance between advanced capability and near-term 
capacity concerns.
    The Committee finds that the Air Force's requested 
investments in the development of future capability generally 
are consistent with the requirements identified in the ``Air 
Force We Need'' analysis and considerations of affordability. 
The Committee's recommendations with respect to the Air Force's 
request include: full funding of the request for the F-35 
continuous capability development and delivery program, also 
known as Block 4; full funding of the request for the B-21 
bomber program; full funding of the request for the Stand-in 
Attack Weapon program; full funding of the request for 
hypersonic weapons (including the Air-launched Rapid Response 
Weapon and Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon prototyping 
efforts); an additional $20,000,000 above the request for 
directed energy prototyping; full funding of the request for 
advanced engine development (which has the potential to provide 
increased capability and lower fuel consumption costs for the 
F-35 and potential future aircraft); an additional $75,000,000 
to accelerate active electronically scanned array radar 
upgrades for the F-16; an additional $50,000,000 for the Low 
Cost Attritable Aircraft Technology program; and $500,000,000 
for the Next Generation Air Dominance program.

           POSITIONING THE F-35 PROGRAM FOR CONTINUED SUCCESS

    The Committee continues to recommend strong support for the 
F-35 program. The Committee recognizes that the F-35 is 
critical to the ability of the Department of Defense to meet 
the demands of the National Defense Strategy and its emphasis 
on great power competition, a component of which is the rapid 
advances made by adversaries in anti-air and basing access 
denial capabilities designed to negate United States advantages 
in technology and operational expertise.
    The Committee observes that the Department of Defense, and 
the Air Force in particular, have sent conflicting and 
confusing signals with respect to the F-35 program. The fiscal 
year 2020 request repeats a pattern of shifting aircraft 
quantities to future years, reducing the planned procurement 
from 84 to 78. Further, the Air Force submitted a fiscal year 
2020 budget request that flattens F-35A procurement at 48 
aircraft per year through the future years defense program 
despite the F-35A program of record remaining stable at 1,763 
aircraft. The Committee also observes that departmental and 
Service leaders consistently have expressed concern about F-35 
operation and sustainment costs. At the same time, the Chief of 
Naval Operations, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, and the 
Chief of Staff of the Air Force submitted unfunded requirements 
lists that included twelve additional F-35As, two additional F-
35Bs, and four additional F-35Cs. The Committee recommendation 
includes $1,042,800,000 for 12 additional F-35A aircraft, fully 
funds the Block 4 development program, and fully funds the 
requested increases for spares and depot activation.
    The Committee acknowledges the Department's justified 
concerns regarding F-35 sustainment. The global F-35 fleet is 
projected to more than triple in size by 2023. As detailed in a 
recent report by the Government Accountability Office (GAO), 
the F-35 is failing to meet warfighter targets for availability 
and mission capable rates, even for later production aircraft. 
GAO identified spare parts as a major driver of this problem. 
Currently the F-35 enterprise is unable to comprehensively and 
accurately inventory parts, efficiently move parts between 
locations, accurately match deployable spares packages to 
deploying units, or capture cost information for all the parts 
that are procured. The Committee strongly supports the 
Department's plans to strengthen organic F-35 sustainment 
capability. The Committee understands the Department has 
requested, but as of May 2019 has not received, a proposal from 
the prime contractor for the data necessary to provision an 
organic supply chain and catalogue all F-35 parts in the 
Department's supply inventory. While the Committee fully funds 
the $728,671,000 requested for additional spares in the Navy 
and Air Force's procurement budgets, the Committee lacks full 
confidence that such funding or the spare parts to be acquired 
will be used efficiently and believes that acquiring the cost 
and technical data for spare parts is a necessary step toward 
solving this problem. The Committee therefore directs that no 
more than 50 percent of these funds may be obligated or 
expended until 15 days after the Director of the F-35 Joint 
Program Office submits a certification to the congressional 
defense committees that the Department of Defense has received 
an adequate cost proposal for such data. The Committee further 
directs the Secretary of Defense to include the costs of 
acquiring these data, and the accounts in which such costs are 
to be funded, in future budget exhibits (beginning with fiscal 
year 2021) and briefing materials for the congressional defense 
committees.

                JOINT ENTERPRISE DEFENSE INFRASTRUCTURE

    The Committee is aware that the Department of Defense 
continues to pursue a single vendor contract strategy for 
procurement of its Joint Enterprise Defense Infrastructure 
(JEDI) cloud computing services. The Committee continues to be 
concerned with this approach given the rapid pace of innovation 
in the industry and that this approach may lock the Department 
of Defense into a single provider for potentially as long as 
ten years.
    Since the Department of Defense adopted its single vendor 
strategy in 2017, other federal agencies have decided to pursue 
a multiple vendor cloud strategy as recommended by the Office 
of Management and Budget (OMB) ``Cloud Smart'' strategy. The 
Committee notes that the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), on 
behalf of the intelligence community, is now pursuing a multi-
vendor, multi-cloud approach in its new Commercial Cloud 
Enterprise procurement, a follow-on to its single vendor 
Commercial Cloud Services contract awarded in 2013. 
Specifically mentioned in the CIA market survey materials is a 
statement that, ``[t]he Government is pursuing a multiple cloud 
strategy to increase access to cloud innovation and reduce the 
disadvantages associated with using a single cloud service 
provider.'' The Committee encourages the Department of Defense 
to adopt lessons learned from the CIA's experience implementing 
cloud computing over the past five years. Further, the 
Committee believes that the Department of Defense is deviating 
from established OMB policy and industry best practices, and 
may be failing to implement a strategy that lowers costs and 
fully supports data innovation for the warfighter.
    Therefore, the Committee directs that no funds may be 
obligated or expended to migrate data and applications to the 
JEDI cloud until the Chief Information Officer of the 
Department of Defense provides a report to the congressional 
defense committees on how the Department plans to eventually 
transition to a multi-cloud environment, as described in its 
January 2019 Cloud Initiative Report to Congress. The Chief 
Information Officer shall provide a list of specific 
contracting opportunities for commercial cloud services the 
Department is contemplating over the next two years; a 
description of each contract opportunity; whether it will be 
structured as a full and open competition or sole source 
contract; the Department's planned use for the cloud service; 
the estimated fiscal year and quarter for the release of each 
solicitation; planned contract type and structure; and 
estimated maximum contract value and period of performance, 
including each option.
    Further, the Chief Information Officer of the Department of 
Defense is directed to submit quarterly reports on the 
implementation of its ``Cloud Strategy and Cloud Initiative'' 
to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees beginning not 
later than 30 days after the enactment of this Act.

             ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF SPACE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recognizes that unfettered access to and 
freedom to operate in space is vital to national security. 
Space provides the nation with critical information and global 
situational awareness to anticipate threats, respond to crises, 
project power across the globe, and conduct military 
operations. Therefore, the Committee is very concerned with the 
rapid advances potential adversaries are making to develop 
capabilities that threaten United States space assets on orbit. 
The Committee commends the Department of Defense for its 
increased focus on addressing these threats and developing 
capabilities to improve the resilience of United States space 
systems. Further, the Committee understands that this is an 
urgent problem that will require the Department to reorient its 
strategies, organizational constructs, and program priorities 
to meet the reality of these threats.
    The Department proposed a three-pronged approach to address 
these challenges: (1) establishment of a Unified Combatant 
Command for space, the United States Space Command; (2) stand 
up of a new military service, the United States Space Force; 
and (3) creation of a Space Development Agency, separate from 
the Space Force, and under the management of the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering.
    The Committee supports the establishment of a Unified 
Combatant Command for space and believes the command is an 
important step in strengthening the operational focus and 
emphasis on protecting and defending national space 
capabilities. The Committee recommendation fully funds the 
United States Space Command at the requested level.
    The Department has also proposed legislation to establish 
the Space Force as a separate service within the Department of 
the Air Force, with an Under Secretary for Space and a Chief of 
Staff for Space. While the Committee appreciates the intent of 
the proposal, the plan leaves many unanswered questions and 
lacks important details and supporting analysis to justify the 
proposed size, scope, cost, roles, and authorities for the new 
military service. Further, the Committee notes that it is fully 
within the Department's current authority to make space a 
higher priority without creating a new military service and is 
not persuaded that the specific plan proposed justifies the 
additional overhead cost and disruption across the Department. 
Therefore, the Committee recommendation does not fully fund the 
request to establish the proposed Space Force. The Committee 
makes this decision without prejudice and includes funds for 
the Department to examine and refine alternative organizational 
options that will streamline the management and decision-making 
process and minimize overhead cost and bureaucracy.
    The fiscal year 2020 budget request also includes funds to 
create a new Space Development Agency within the Office of the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering. The 
Committee recognizes the need for rapid development and 
fielding of space assets to meet the current threat environment 
as outlined by the National Defense Strategy. However, while 
the Committee is generally supportive of the concept of the 
Space Development Agency, the Committee is concerned that this 
effort may create a parallel space program that will overlap 
and duplicate existing programs and missions in the Air Force. 
Therefore, the Committee recommendation includes a legislative 
provision requiring the Space Development Agency and the Air 
Force to work together to define a unified and integrated space 
architecture and to clarify roles and responsibilities.

                 COMPLIANCE WITH CONTRACT SERVICES LAW

    The Committee notes that 10 U.S.C. 2329 requires the 
Secretary of Defense to ensure that appropriate and 
sufficiently detailed data are collected and analyzed to 
support the validation of requirements for services contracts 
and inform the planning, programming, budgeting and execution 
process of the Department of Defense. Appropriated funds should 
not be used to fund service contracts that have not complied 
with the planning, programming, budgeting and total force 
management requirements of 10 U.S.C. sections 2329 and 2330a.
    According to several findings by the Government 
Accountability Office, spending on service contracts has 
increased significantly over the past few years. Service 
contracts are a more expensive substitute for hiring the 
authorized civilian workforce for the intended functions. The 
Committee reiterates that enacted legislative provisions must 
be fully implemented by the Department of Defense.

                        CIVILIAN CYBER WORKFORCE

    The Committee recognizes that the Department of Defense has 
challenges hiring individuals with the necessary security 
clearances to work in the cyber environment and encourages the 
Secretary of Defense to find innovative solutions to increase 
the civilian cyber workforce. The Committee believes that the 
Department of Defense should collaborate with colleges and 
universities to recruit cyber-focused college students during 
their junior or senior years, with the intent that upon 
graduation the student will have a completed security 
clearance.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
report to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees not 
later than 60 days after the enactment of this Act on 
Department-wide efforts to increase recruitment of cyber-
focused individuals and to increase the throughput of security 
clearances to grow the number of approved requisite applicants.

         INSIDER THREAT DETECTION AND USER ACTIVITY MONITORING

    The Committee remains concerned that the Department of 
Defense may not be in compliance with long-standing national 
directives aimed at preventing insider threats. The Committee 
is aware that the Department has established a task force to 
develop an approach to user activity monitoring throughout the 
Department. The Committee directs the Chief Information Officer 
of the Department of Defense, in coordination with the 
Undersecretary of Defense for Intelligence, to submit a report 
to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees not later 
than December 1, 2019 regarding user activity monitoring. The 
report shall include an update on the work of the task force; 
the feasibility of comprehensive user activity monitoring 
coverage across the Department; any obstacles to establishing 
such a program, to include legal, financial, contractual, or 
cultural issues; identification of the resources required to 
implement the program; and an explanation of how the program 
would comply with all relevant national directives aimed at 
preventing insider threats.

                SPECTRUM FOR ADVANCED WIRELESS SERVICES

    The Committee remains concerned by the pace with which the 
Department of Defense is reviewing its spectrum requirements. 
The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Administrator of the National Information Technology 
Agency, to submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 120 days after the enactment of this 
Act which details the Department's plans to submit a proposal 
under the Spectrum Pipeline Act to study the potential for 
introducing advanced wireless services in the 3450-3550 MHz 
band on a shared basis, the potential for spectrum sharing 
within the 3450-3550 MHz band to spur commercial wireless 
innovation, the potential for spectrum sharing within the 3.1-
3.45 GHz band to introduce advanced wireless services, and 
timelines for the introduction of such advanced wireless 
services.

         CYBERSPACE ACTIVITIES BUDGET JUSTIFICATION SUBMISSIONS

    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to ensure 
that future cyberspace budget justification materials be 
delivered to the congressional defense committees not later 
than five days after the release of the annual budget request. 
Late arrival of the justification material presents an 
insurmountable hurdle to conducting a thorough budget review 
and providing proper congressional oversight.

                                TITLE I

                           MILITARY PERSONNEL

    The fiscal year 2020 Department of Defense military 
personnel budget request totals $151,293,318,000. The Committee 
recommendation provides $149,438,464,000 for the military 
personnel accounts. The table below summarizes the Committee 
recommendations:


                      MILITARY PERSONNEL OVERVIEW

    The Committee recommendation provides $149,438,464,000 for 
the military personnel accounts, which funds military pay and 
allowances, recruitment and retention initiatives, and overall 
quality of life programs for active duty, National Guard, and 
reserve personnel. The recommendation provides increased basic 
pay for all military personnel by 3.1 percent as authorized by 
current law, effective January 1, 2020. The Committee continues 
to encourage constructive evaluations of recruitment and 
retention programs, bonus and special pay incentives, and 
personnel benefit programs for fiscal year 2020. The Committee 
remains supportive of programs intended to enhance the morale 
and quality of life of military personnel and their families.

                        SUMMARY OF END STRENGTH

    The fiscal year 2020 budget request includes an increase of 
1,400 in total end strength for the active forces and a 
decrease of 16,900 in total end strength for the Selected 
Reserve as compared to the fiscal year 2019 authorized levels. 
The following tables summarize the Committee recommendations 
for end strength levels, both in the aggregate and for each 
active and Selected Reserve component.

                      OVERALL ACTIVE END STRENGTH

 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 authorized...........................         1,338,100
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................         1,339,500
Fiscal year 2020 recommendation.......................         1,337,500
    Compared with fiscal year 2019....................              -600
    Compared with fiscal year 2020 budget request.....            -2,000
 

                 OVERALL SELECTED RESERVE END STRENGTH

 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 authorized...........................           817,700
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................           800,800
Fiscal year 2020 recommendation.......................           800,800
    Compared with fiscal year 2019....................           -16,900
    Compared with fiscal year 2020 budget request.....             - - -
 


                                   SUMMARY OF MILITARY PERSONNEL END STRENGTH
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                          Fiscal year 2020
                                                  --------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                                                        Change
                                                   Fiscal year                              Change       from
                                                       2019       Budget      Committee      from       fiscal
                                                    authorized    Request    Recommended    request   year  2019
 
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Active Forces (End Strength)
    Army.........................................      487,500     480,000       478,000      -2,000      -9,500
    Navy.........................................      335,400     340,500       340,500       - - -       5,100
    Marine Corps.................................      186,100     186,200       186,200       - - -         100
    Air Force....................................      329,100     332,800       332,800       - - -       3,700
                                                  --------------------------------------------------------------
        Total, Active Forces.....................    1,338,100   1,339,500     1,337,500      -2,000        -600
Guard and Reserve Forces (End Strength)
    Army Reserve.................................      199,500     189,500       189,500       - - -     -10,000
    Navy Reserve.................................       59,100      59,000        59,000       - - -        -100
    Marine Corps Reserve.........................       38,500      38,500        38,500       - - -           0
    Air Force Reserve............................       70,000      70,100        70,100       - - -         100
    Army National Guard..........................      343,500     336,000       336,000       - - -      -7,500
    Air National Guard...........................      107,100     107,700       107,700       - - -         600
                                                  --------------------------------------------------------------
        Total, Selected Reserve..................      817,700     800,800       800,800       - - -     -16,900
                                                  --------------------------------------------------------------
Total, Military Personnel........................    2,155,800   2,140,300     2,138,300      -2,000     -17,500
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

         REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE FOR MILITARY PERSONNEL ACCOUNTS

    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit 
the Base for Reprogramming (DD Form 1414) for each of the 
fiscal year 2020 appropriation accounts not later than 60 days 
after the enactment of this Act. The Secretary of Defense is 
prohibited from executing any reprogramming or transfer of 
funds for any purpose other than originally appropriated until 
the aforementioned report is submitted to the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to use the 
normal prior approval reprogramming procedures to transfer 
funds in the Services' military personnel accounts between 
budget activities in excess of $10,000,000.

               MILITARY PERSONNEL SPECIAL INTEREST ITEMS

    Items for which additional funds have been provided or have 
been specifically reduced as shown in the project level tables 
or in paragraphs using the phrase ``only for'' or ``only to'' 
in this report are congressional special interest items for the 
purpose of the Base for Reprogramming (DD Form 1414). Each of 
these items must be carried on the DD Form 1414 at the stated 
amount as specifically addressed in the Committee report. Below 
threshold reprogrammings may not be used to either restore or 
reduce funding from congressional special interest items as 
identified on the DD Form 1414.

                MINORITY OUTREACH AND OFFICER ACCESSIONS

    Minorities remain underrepresented in the general officer 
ranks across the Services. To build a more diverse 
organization, the Committee supports efforts to conduct 
effective outreach and recruiting programs focused on 
increasing officer accessions in minority communities and 
encourages the Secretary of Defense and the Service Secretaries 
to support efforts, with both personnel and resources, to 
improve diversity in the military.

                     CULTURAL SENSITIVITY TRAINING

    The Committee recognizes the Department of Defense and the 
Services have multiple cultural sensitivity training programs 
for military personnel. The Committee also believes in the 
importance of protecting servicemembers' rights regarding 
religious exercise and ethnic heritage. As such, the Committee 
supports efforts to identify resource and personnel gaps that 
may exist in the Office of Diversity Management and Equal 
Opportunity of the Department of Defense as well as efforts to 
identify existing gaps in protections for new and prospective 
servicemembers.

                        TRAUMA TRAINING PROGRAM

    The Committee recognizes the valuable support that 
universities, hospitals, and other military partners provide by 
offering civilian based emergency response trauma and critical 
care training including public health, bio-environmental, and 
biomedical instruction to sustain capabilities of the National 
Guard Enhanced Response Forces Packages, National Guard 
Homeland Response Forces, and Army Reserve Consequence 
Management Response Forces. The Committee encourages the 
Director of the National Guard Bureau and the Chiefs of the 
reserve components to continue pursuing advanced trauma and 
public health training with these civilian partners in order to 
maintain unit readiness. The Committee also encourages the 
development of enhanced medical and critical care preparedness 
programs.

                 SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE

    The Committee is troubled by the ongoing epidemic of sexual 
assault in the military and at the Service academies and 
believes that this will persist until a change in culture 
occurs across all Services at every level. The Department of 
Defense provides an annual report to Congress which provides 
details on sexual assaults involving servicemembers. However, 
the most recent report's findings make it clear that more 
action by the Department is necessary to combat this widespread 
problem. In addition to the annual report, the Committee 
directs the Director of the Department of Defense Sexual 
Assault Prevention and Response Office to brief the House and 
Senate Appropriations Committees not later than 30 days after 
the enactment of this Act on the initiatives the Department is 
implementing to reform how the military prevents, responds to, 
and adjudicates sexual assault cases, as well as the efforts 
underway to develop robust research, evaluation, and analytics 
to assess the effectiveness of its prevention efforts.
    The Committee fully funds the budget request of 
$259,222,000 for Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
programs at the Service level and provides an additional 
$35,000,000 for the Department of Defense Sexual Assault 
Prevention and Response Program Office for transfer to the 
Services, including the National Guard and reserve components.

                    SUICIDE PREVENTION AND OUTREACH

    The Committee is concerned by the number of suicides among 
servicemembers. The Committee recognizes that programs like the 
National Guard Bureau's national counseling and suicide 
prevention peer-to-peer outreach programs are vital to reducing 
the number of suicides among guardsmen. The Committee 
encourages the Chief of the National Guard Bureau to continue 
supporting such programs.

                      BASIC ALLOWANCE FOR HOUSING

    The Committee recognizes the importance of Basic Allowance 
for Housing (BAH) for servicemembers seeking to secure housing 
in the local economy and for veteran students receiving BAH 
through the Post 9/11 GI Bill. As housing and rental markets 
near duty stations continue to fluctuate, the Committee notes 
the importance of acquiring up-to-date data and stakeholder 
input in assessing BAH rates. The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of Defense to prioritize active duty servicemember 
survey data and input in making BAH determinations.

            MID-CAREER RETENTION OF FEMALES IN THE MILITARY

    The Committee is concerned by reports that the attrition 
level of females in the military is higher than for males at 
various mid-career points. The Committee urges the Secretary of 
Defense to develop and adopt a survey for servicemembers as 
they leave the military to assess the underlying reasons for 
mid-career attrition.

                        MILITARY PERSONNEL, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $42,690,042,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    43,347,472,000
Committee recommendation..............................    42,314,762,000
Change from budget request............................    -1,032,710,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$42,314,762,000 for Military Personnel, Army which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                              END STRENGTH

    The fiscal year 2020 budget request includes revised end 
strength levels for fiscal year 2019 for each Army military 
personnel account. The revision reflects an overall reduction 
of 27,800 in end strength from the fiscal year 2019 authorized 
levels for the active and the reserve components to the Army's 
currently projected levels. The Committee notes that the Army's 
failure to achieve the fiscal year 2019 authorized end strength 
resulted in an asset of over $1,000,000,000 in fiscal year 
2019. This is the second consecutive year that the Army's 
overestimation of end strength resulted in a sizeable asset in 
the military personnel accounts. The Committee does not believe 
this is efficient budgeting and is discouraged by this trend.
    The Committee supports the Army's effort to grow its forces 
to align with the National Defense Strategy and rebuild 
warfighting readiness, but the Committee lacks confidence in 
the Army's ability to accurately forecast end strength and in 
the Army's subsequent budget projections. As a result, the 
Committee recommends funding to support an Army active force 
end strength of 478,000 for fiscal year 2020, which is equal to 
the Army's revised fiscal year 2019 end strength level. The 
Committee remains willing to review future reprogramming 
requests for the Army's military personnel accounts should the 
Army achieve major personnel growth.

                        MILITARY PERSONNEL, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $30,164,481,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    31,831,199,000
Committee recommendation..............................    31,679,229,000
Change from budget request............................      -151,970,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$31,679,229,000 for Military Personnel, Navy which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                      CYBERSECURITY PROFESSIONALS

    The Committee notes the importance of cybersecurity 
programs for the advancement of cybersecurity professionals in 
the Department of Defense. The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of the Navy to work with higher education 
institutions, including Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, and other Minority 
Serving Institutions, to develop programs for Navy ROTC 
midshipmen to prepare more students in critical cybersecurity 
skillsets.

                    MILITARY PERSONNEL, MARINE CORPS


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $13,779,038,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    14,175,211,000
Committee recommendation..............................    14,064,751,000
Change from budget request............................      -110,460,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$14,064,751,000 for Military Personnel, Marine Corps which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                     MILITARY PERSONNEL, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $30,074,691,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    31,284,959,000
Committee recommendation..............................    31,082,769,000
Change from budget request............................      -202,190,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$31,082,769,000 for Military Personnel, Air Force which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                        RESERVE PERSONNEL, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $4,836,947,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     4,964,671,000
Committee recommendation..............................     4,847,321,000
Change from budget request............................      -117,350,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $4,847,321,000 
for Reserve Personnel, Army which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


                        RESERVE PERSONNEL, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $2,049,021,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     2,123,947,000
Committee recommendation..............................     2,113,357,000
Change from budget request............................       -10,590,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,113,357,000 
for Reserve Personnel, Navy which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


                    RESERVE PERSONNEL, MARINE CORPS


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $782,390,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       838,854,000
Committee recommendation..............................       829,124,000
Change from budget request............................        -9,730,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $829,124,000 
for Reserve Personnel, Marine Corps which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                      RESERVE PERSONNEL, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $1,860,406,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     2,038,040,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,993,280,000
Change from budget request............................       -44,760,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,993,280,000 
for Reserve Personnel, Air Force which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                     NATIONAL GUARD PERSONNEL, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $8,600,945,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     8,808,305,000
Committee recommendation..............................     8,664,535,000
Change from budget request............................      -143,770,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $8,664,535,000 
for National Guard Personnel, Army which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                  NATIONAL GUARD PERSONNEL, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $3,699,080,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     4,063,845,000
Committee recommendation..............................     4,032,521,000
Change from budget request............................       -31,324,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $4,032,521,000 
for National Guard Personnel, Air Force which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:



                                TITLE II

                       OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

    The fiscal year 2020 Department of Defense operation and 
maintenance budget request totals $123,944,614,000. The 
Committee recommendation provides $206,673,518,000 for the 
operation and maintenance accounts. The table below summarizes 
the Committee recommendations:


     REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE FOR OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE ACCOUNTS

    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit 
the Base for Reprogramming (DD Form 1414) for each of the 
fiscal year 2020 appropriation accounts not later than 60 days 
after the enactment of this Act. The Secretary of Defense is 
prohibited from executing any reprogramming or transfer of 
funds for any purpose other than originally appropriated until 
the aforementioned report is submitted to the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to use the 
normal prior approval reprogramming procedures to transfer 
funds in the Services' operation and maintenance accounts 
between O-1 budget activities or between sub-activity groups in 
the case of Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide, in excess 
of $10,000,000.
    In addition, the Secretary shall follow prior approval 
reprogramming procedures in excess of $10,000,000 out of the 
following readiness sub-activity groups:

    Army:
    Maneuver units
    Modular support brigades
    Aviation assets
    Land forces operations support
    Force readiness operations support
    Land forces depot maintenance
    Base operations support
    Facilities sustainment, restoration, and modernization
    Specialized skill training

    Navy:
    Mission and other flight operations
    Fleet air training
    Aircraft depot maintenance
    Mission and other ship operations
    Ship depot maintenance
    Facilities sustainment, restoration, and modernization
    Base operating support

    Marine Corps:
    Operational forces
    Field logistics
    Depot maintenance
    Facilities sustainment, restoration, and modernization
    Base operating support

    Air Force:
    Primary combat forces
    Combat enhancement forces
    Depot maintenance
    Operating forces depot maintenance
    Facilities sustainment, restoration, and modernization
    Contractor logistics support and system support
    Flying hour program
    Base support
    Mobilization depot maintenance
    Training and recruiting depot maintenance
    Administration and service-wide depot maintenance

    Air Force Reserve:
    Depot maintenance

    Air National Guard:
    Depot maintenance

    Additionally, the Secretary of Defense is directed to use 
normal prior approval reprogramming procedures when 
implementing transfers in excess of $10,000,000 into the 
following budget sub-activities:

    Operation and Maintenance, Army:
    Other personnel support/recruiting and advertising

    Operation and Maintenance, Army National Guard:
    Other personnel support/recruiting and advertising

         REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE FOR SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND

    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
baseline report that shows the Special Operations Command's 
operation and maintenance funding by sub-activity group for the 
fiscal year 2020 appropriation not later than 60 days after the 
enactment of this Act. The Secretary of Defense is further 
directed to submit quarterly execution reports to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 45 days after 
the end of each fiscal quarter that addresses the rationale for 
the realignment of any funds within and between budget sub-
activities and the movement of any base funds used to support 
overseas contingency operations. Finally, the Secretary of 
Defense is directed to notify the congressional defense 
committees 30 days prior to the realignment of funds in excess 
of $5,000,000 between sub-activity groups.

            OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE SPECIAL INTEREST ITEMS

    Items for which additional funds have been provided or have 
been specifically reduced as shown in the project level tables 
or in paragraphs using the phrase ``only for'' or ``only to'' 
in this report are congressional special interest items for the 
purpose of the Base for Reprogramming (DD Form 1414). Each of 
these items must be carried on the DD Form 1414 at the stated 
amount as specifically addressed in the Committee report. Below 
threshold reprogrammings may not be used to either restore or 
reduce funding from congressional special interest items as 
identified on the DD Form 1414.

              OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE QUARTERLY UPDATES

    Regular interaction with each of the Service's financial 
management offices enhances the ability of the Committee to 
perform its essential oversight responsibilities. Through these 
interactions, the Committee is able to gain a better 
understanding of the challenges each of the Services face with 
the obligation and execution of their programs and contracts. 
The Committee notes the successful quarterly meetings this year 
with each of the Services and directs the Director of each of 
the Service's Operations Divisions (Financial Management and 
Budget) to continue to provide quarterly briefings to the House 
and Senate Appropriations Committees on their respective 
operation and maintenance execution rates in fiscal year 2020.

                        DEFENSE LANGUAGE PROGRAM

    The Committee appreciates the continued emphasis the 
Department of Defense places on advanced foreign language and 
cultural training and recognizes its necessity for mission 
success and readiness. The Committee fully supports the Defense 
Language Institute Foreign Language Center and its efforts to 
ensure that necessary requirements for advanced foreign 
language and cultural training and materials are being met. 
Members of the military and intelligence communities must be 
able to communicate and interact directly with local 
populations, guides, foreign allies, and contractors to fully 
understand and respect their cultures. The Committee encourages 
the Secretary of Defense to continue efforts to improve 
existing capabilities and to ensure that requirements for 
authentic advanced foreign language training and cultural 
materials are being fully met.

                          RESTORING READINESS

    The Committee recommendation includes additional readiness 
funds for each of the Services within the operation and 
maintenance accounts which shall only be used to improve 
military readiness, including providing for increased training 
and depot maintenance activities. None of the funding provided 
may be used for recruiting, marketing, or advertising programs. 
The additional funding is a congressional special interest 
item. The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense and the 
Service Secretaries to submit a detailed spend plan by sub-
activity group to the congressional defense committees not less 
than 30 days prior to the obligation of these funds.

                               90/10 RULE

    For-profit colleges often target servicemembers and 
veterans with aggressive marketing and recruiting because of a 
loophole that allows for-profit colleges to exclude any federal 
aid and educational benefits received from sources other than 
the Department of Education from the cap on federally derived 
institutional revenue. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
Defense to submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 90 days after the enactment of this 
Act that provides an analysis of all for-profit institutions 
that would exceed the 90/10 federal funding limits if revenue 
from the Department of Veterans Affairs and Department of 
Defense were included in the 90/10 calculation the same way 
that Title IV of the Higher Education Act funds are included 
for the most recent academic year. The report shall also 
include a list of schools that receive between 85 percent or 
more of their revenue from Title IV of the Higher Education 
Act, the Department of Veterans Affairs, and the Department of 
Defense sources for the most recent academic year.

                               CHILDCARE

    The Committee recommendation includes additional funds for 
the Services to address the ongoing challenges that the lack of 
available childcare presents to servicemembers and their 
families. The Committee is concerned that in some geographical 
locations, the delays in providing affordable and acceptable 
childcare are negatively impacting the quality of life for 
servicemembers and their families. Given the demanding jobs 
that servicemembers must execute, creating unique solutions is 
required.
    The Committee notes that each of the Services' budget 
requests increases funding for the sustainment, repair, and 
base operation budget lines. The Services should use these 
additional funds to make childcare development centers a 
priority by addressing mold remediation and other urgent 
repairs.
    The Committee directs the Service Secretaries to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
90 days after the enactment of this Act that details their 
plans to address the obstacles to childcare, whether it be 
additional childcare development centers, additional staff, or 
acceptable alternatives for fiscal year 2020 and the future 
year defense program to ensure that these challenges are 
expeditiously met. The report shall include associated funding 
requirements for each identified course of action. Further, the 
Committee directs that the Service Secretaries include the 
number of children on childcare waiting lists in their fiscal 
year 2021 budget justification materials.

                      MILITARY FOOD TRANSFORMATION

    The Committee remains concerned about the growing obesity 
crisis in the Department of Defense and its impact on military 
recruitment, readiness, and retention. The Committee is 
concerned that the Department's current food system may be 
overly complex and inefficient, which may result in higher 
costs per meal at dining facilities, unnecessary internal 
competition between on-base food service providers, and poor 
food service planning. Emphasis should be placed on providing 
nutritious food options at dining facilities and modernizing 
the on-base food system by using best practices from 
universities and industry partners.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
120 days after the enactment of this Act on ongoing food 
transformation efforts. The report should include details of 
the Department's ongoing efforts, costs associated with each 
effort, and an outline for a potential demonstration pilot 
program at multiple military installations.
    The Committee also directs the Comptroller General to audit 
a sample size of the Services' dining facilities to determine 
whether the Services are accurately measuring meal card holder 
utilization rates, costs per meal, and all input costs such as 
food, operating, capital expenditures, facility sustainment, 
and military labor. The audit report shall be submitted to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 180 days after 
the enactment of this Act.

                          VIEQUES AND CULEBRA

    The Committee remains concerned with the pace and scope of 
environmental restoration on the island municipalities of 
Culebra and Vieques in Puerto Rico. The Committee encourages 
the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Navy to work 
closely with the Environmental Protection Agency, the Fish and 
Wildlife Service, and the Puerto Rico Environmental Quality 
Board to maximize public participation and transparency in the 
decontamination process in order to achieve a thorough 
decontamination result on both islands.
    The Committee also is concerned about public safety on the 
northwest peninsula of Culebra due to unexploded ordnance 
identified there by the Army. The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of the Army to exercise available authorities, 
including the authority clarified through the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015, to decontaminate the 
northwest peninsula. Additionally, the Committee directs the 
Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Navy each to 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act detailing 
all respective decontamination authorities and plans applicable 
to Culebra and Vieques, to include particular emphasis on the 
decontamination of the northwest peninsula of Culebra.
    The Committee also notes that there are gaps in information 
about types and amounts of ordnance used on Vieques and 
Culebra, as well as about potential links between the ordnance 
used and present threats to public health. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Navy 
to provide a report to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 60 days after the enactment of this Act on 
previously released information related to the ordnance on the 
two islands. The Committee also urges the Secretaries to 
publish the relevant documents on the internet in a single 
location and in a user-friendly format.

                            PILOT SHORTAGES

    The Committee supports efforts throughout the Department of 
Defense to address the shortage of pilots across the Services. 
The Committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to work with 
higher education institutions, including Historically Black 
Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, and 
other Minority Serving Institutions, to develop programs that 
will prepare more students to meet the eligibility requirements 
for pilot training. In addition, the Committee encourages the 
Secretary of the Air Force to examine university-based training 
for Air Force ROTC cadets and civilian aviation students as 
pilots and sensor operators for remotely piloted aircraft.

                              CIVILIAN PAY

    The Committee is disappointed that the budget request did 
not include funding for a pay raise for civilian federal 
employees. Civilian federal employees most clearly represent 
civilian control of the military and the intelligence 
community, a basic principle necessary for a democratic 
government to thrive. The Committee supports a civilian pay 
increase of 3.1 percent and directs the Secretary of Defense 
and the Director of National Intelligence to provide an 
official estimated cost for a 3.1 percent increase to the House 
and Senate Appropriations Committees not later than July 1, 
2019.

                         RECLAIMED REFRIGERANTS

    Reclaiming refrigerant aids in the prevention of creating 
new refrigerants and ensures the safe disposal of chemicals. 
Considering the large number of Department of Defense 
facilities and the widespread use of refrigerants, the 
Committee urges the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment to give preference to the use of reclaimed 
refrigerants to service existing equipment in Department of 
Defense facilities.

                     MOVEMENT OF PERSONNEL EFFECTS

    The Department of Defense, through the United States 
Transportation Command (TRANSCOM), administers approximately 
500,000 military household moves and related services annually 
through the Defense Personal Property Program (DP3). 
Approximately 900 American companies meet TRANSCOM 
qualifications and provide moving and related services under 
the program.
    In response to congressional inquiries about customer 
satisfaction issues, TRANSCOM notified the relocation industry 
that the program may be outsourced to a single move management 
entity. The Committee has concerns about such an abrupt change 
to this policy, and before any such transition may begin, the 
Committee requires a better understanding of the possible 
outcomes such a decision could have on the lives of military 
families.
    The Committee directs the Comptroller General to provide 
the congressional defense committees, not later than 120 days 
after the enactment of this Act, a comprehensive study of the 
impact the outsourcing of management and oversight of the 
movement of household goods to a private entity or entities 
would have on servicemembers and their families, including a 
comprehensive cost-benefit analysis and recommendations for 
changes to the Department's strategy for DP3. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of Defense not to issue a request for 
proposal or obligate funds for DP3 until 90 days after the 
Secretary of Defense certifies that the Department has received 
a draft of the Government Accountability Office study and 
provided the GAO with a written response.

          UNITED STATES--REPUBLIC OF KOREA MILITARY EXERCISES

    The Committee recognizes that there have been recent 
changes to the long-established exercises scheduled between the 
United States and the Republic of Korea militaries. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a report 
to the congressional defense committees not later than 180 days 
after the enactment of this Act that details the changes to the 
exercises between the two militaries and assesses the readiness 
issues that may have resulted or could still result from the 
modification of such exercises. This report may include a 
classified annex, if necessary.

                     MEALS READY-TO-EAT WAR RESERVE

    The Committee recommendation fully supports the fiscal year 
2020 request for the Defense Logistics Agency to maintain 
2,500,000 cases of meals ready-to-eat and reaffirms support for 
the War Reserve stock objective of 5,000,000 cases.

                    REDUCING WASTE, FRAUD, AND ABUSE

    The Committee is encouraged by the initial Department-wide 
audit efforts of the Department of Defense. However, the 
Committee notes that the audit revealed organizational 
deficiencies that could continue to hamper efforts to obtain a 
clean audit in the future. The Committee expects the Secretary 
of Defense to comply with Section 1005 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 and Section 1002 of the 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018.

                              ADVERTISING

    The Committee understands that, as the largest advertiser 
in the United States, the federal government should work to 
ensure fair access to its advertising contracts for small 
disadvantaged businesses and businesses owned by minorities and 
women. The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to 
include with the fiscal year 2021 budget submission the total 
level of expenditures for fiscal years 2019 and 2020 and the 
requested level of funding for fiscal year 2021 for all 
contracts for advertising services; contracts for advertising 
services by women or minority owned businesses; and contracts 
for advertising services by socially and economically 
disadvantaged small businesses (as defined in section 8(a)(4) 
of the Small Business Act (15 U.S.C. 637(a)(4)).

                          INDIAN FINANCING ACT

    The Committee recommendation includes funds for activities 
authorized in the Indian Financing Act of 1974. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of Defense to obligate funds for these 
activities not later than 90 days after the enactment of this 
Act.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to comply 
with section 8122 of this Act which requires the Department of 
Defense to conduct regular and meaningful consultations and 
coordination between the Department and Indian Tribal 
Governments on issues of mutual interest.

                         NATIVE PLANT MATERIALS

    The Committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to give 
preference to the use of locally adapted native plant materials 
to the extent practicable while carrying out a land management 
activity on land under the jurisdiction of the Department of 
Defense.

                  SEXUAL ASSAULT AND JUVENILE JUSTICE

    The Committee is concerned by reports of sexual assault and 
harassment among students at schools managed by the Department 
of Defense Education Activity. Local government officials do 
not have uniformly established jurisdiction when dealing with 
criminal offenses of juvenile members of the military community 
on domestic military installations. The Committee encourages 
the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the Department 
of Justice, to explore opportunities to establish memorandums 
of understanding with state and local prosecutors to adjudicate 
juvenile criminal cases when the alleged offenses occur within 
the boundaries of a military installation.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
120 days after the enactment of this Act which details efforts 
to establish memorandums of understanding; successes and 
challenges with implementation; whether additional authorities 
are necessary to address this problem; actions that each 
Department is taking to address, respond to, and prevent sexual 
assault cases; and each Department's strategy related to 
misconduct by such juveniles.

                     JOINT REGIONAL SECURITY STACKS

    The Committee recognizes the ongoing efforts of the Defense 
Information Systems Agency (DISA) to protect sensitive 
government data from unauthorized access and disclosure. 
Deployment of DISA's Joint Regional Security Stacks is expected 
to improve the security, effectiveness, and efficiency of the 
Department of Defense Information Network. The Committee 
encourages the Director of DISA to assess whether a center 
stack architecture could improve how network traffic is 
delivered to components of cybersecurity tools.

                   DIGITAL ASSET MANAGEMENT SOLUTION

    The Committee supports the ongoing efforts of the Defense 
Information Systems Agency (DISA) to modernize the Department 
of Defense's internal and external digital services consistent 
with the goals of the Department of Defense Information Network 
Systems Engineering and Support project. The Committee believes 
that cybersecurity and cloud computing present critical near-
term challenges and recognizes the need to securely leverage 
commercial cloud service offerings. The Committee encourages 
the Director of DISA to develop an industry standard, 
interoperable, extensible digital asset management solution to 
improve digital service delivery for warfighters and internal 
department workflows.

                             CLIMATE CHANGE

    The Committee notes the Department's January 2019 report, 
``Report on Effects of a Changing Climate to the Department of 
Defense,'' found more than two-thirds of the military's 
operationally critical installations are threatened by climate 
change. The Committee is disappointed that the report failed to 
provide installation-specific resilience plans or cost 
estimates for mitigation activities as required by Section 335 
of Public Law 115-91. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
Defense to submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 60 days after the enactment of this 
Act which contains a list of the top ten most climate-
vulnerable bases within each Service and provides a cost 
estimate to mitigate the risks at each of these bases.

                              WIND ENERGY

    The Committee is aware of the ongoing development of 
offshore wind energy arrays on the United States Outer 
Continental Shelf as well as the ongoing leasing of wind energy 
areas. The Committee recognizes that wind turbine structures, 
particularly when arranged in large arrays, may cause 
interference to radars and that vibrations generated by the 
operation of turbines may cause sonic interference to 
underwater sonar. As such, the Committee directs the Secretary 
of Defense to submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 365 days after the enactment of this 
Act that addresses any potential national security concerns 
with respect to the construction of offshore wind arrays, to 
include an examination of legacy and new turbines, and any 
appropriate mitigation measures that should be implemented to 
address these concerns.

                    OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $40,145,482,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    22,797,873,000
Committee recommendation..............................    41,449,293,000
Change from budget request............................   +18,651,420,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$41,449,293,000 for Operation and Maintenance, Army which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                    OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $48,034,826,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    25,952,718,000
Committee recommendation..............................    51,417,389,000
Change from budget request............................   +25,464,671,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$51,417,389,000 for Operation and Maintenance, Navy which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                         SHIP DEPOT MAINTENANCE

    The Committee is disappointed that the Chief of Naval 
Operations requested an additional $814,000,000 on the Navy's 
fiscal year 2020 unfunded priority list for the Ship Depot 
Maintenance account. The fiscal year 2020 budget request for 
this activity is $10,426,913,000, an increase of $652,740,000 
above the fiscal year 2019 enacted level of $9,774,173,000.
    The Committee is concerned by the maintenance delays that 
persistently occur under this account and finds these delays 
completely unacceptable. A Government Accountability Office 
study noted delays for different vessels range from 1,000 to 
almost 19,000 days. These delays increase the costs of repairs 
as ships and submarines wait for their respective slots at the 
various public and private shipyards. It is imperative the Navy 
improve its scheduling and budgeting for these activities to 
reduce the length of time that ships and submarines remain 
unable to deploy and to reduce the costs associated with 
lengthy delays in the maintenance process.
    The Committee recommendation includes a transfer of 
$653,000,000 from Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy to 
Operation and Maintenance, Navy to address the urgent 
maintenance requirements for the USS Boise, the USS Hartford, 
and the USS Columbus. The Committee appreciates and supports 
the need for new attack submarines, but believes that the Navy 
must also address repairs of its current fleet, with these 
three submarines receiving priority attention. In particular, 
the Committee believes the USS Boise must receive immediate 
attention and resources, given that it lost its dive 
certification in 2017 and has been effectively out of operation 
for two years.
    To provide more transparency and accountability, the 
Committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to provide with the 
submission of the fiscal year 2021 budget request the names and 
estimated costs of the ships and submarines scheduled for 
maintenance that correspond to the fiscal year 2021 budget 
request for ship depot maintenance, for both base and overseas 
contingency operations funding requests.

                               JET NOISE

    The Committee is aware of the negative effects that jet 
noise may have on communities near installations with 
airfields. The Committee directs the Secretary of the Navy to 
measure the level of jet noise generated by Navy aviation 
assets and to make that noise measurement data available to the 
public. The Committee also encourages the Secretary of the Navy 
to collaborate with the Director of the Office of Economic 
Adjustment to identify communities impacted by Navy aviation 
jet noise and to mitigate any economic impacts from noise 
caused by persistent and ongoing Navy aviation activities.

                        SHIPYARD INFRASTRUCTURE

    The Committee recognizes the critical role public shipyards 
play in national security and notes that public shipyards 
require significant maintenance and upgrades. The Navy's 
Shipyard Infrastructure Optimization Plan included 
recommendations and future year projects that would help 
restore public shipyards to better serve the Navy's 
requirements. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the 
Navy to prioritize projects listed in the future years defense 
program that are necessary for national security requirements.

                OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, MARINE CORPS


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $6,540,049,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     3,928,045,000
Committee recommendation..............................     7,945,854,000
Change from budget request............................    +4,017,809,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $7,945,854,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                  OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $40,379,184,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    21,278,499,000
Committee recommendation..............................    44,662,729,000
Change from budget request............................   +23,384,230,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$44,662,729,000 for Operation and Maintenance, Air Force which 
will provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                 PILOT SHORTAGES AND TRAINING CAPACITY

    The Committee remains concerned by continued pilot 
shortages in the Air Force. The scope of the crisis is even 
more pronounced when considering undergraduate pilot training 
throughput must grow thirty percent by fiscal year 2022 to meet 
stated Air Force ``Grow the Force'' objectives. While the 
Committee supports previous innovations of Air Force test 
programs, syllabus changes, and related funding increases, to 
begin to mitigate the crisis, existing training base capacity 
remains a limiting factor in fully addressing pilot training 
demands. The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$8,000,000 for the Air Force to address this critical pilot 
shortage.

                         DEFENSE MEDIA ACTIVITY

    The Committee understands that the Air Force is reviewing 
its media facilities and notes the importance of having a 
national presence for the Air Force Network's production 
facilities. During the review, the Secretary of the Air Force 
should remain aware of each geographic region's assets, such as 
beneficial weather conditions and telecommunication 
infrastructure. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the 
Air Force to inform the congressional defense committees prior 
to implementing any changes to the current structure.

                            AIRCRAFT DAMAGE

    The Committee recognizes the adverse impact that sunlight 
and hail can have on the readiness and service life of 
aircraft. Unprotected aircraft can sustain significant damage 
during hail storms and long-term damage because of extensive 
sun exposure, creating additional, yet preventable, maintenance 
costs. The Committee urges the Secretary of the Air Force to 
prioritize maintenance projects that may provide protection for 
aircraft to prevent damage caused by weather.

                 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, SPACE FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................            $- - -
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................        72,436,000
Committee recommendation..............................        15,000,000
Change from budget request............................       -57,436,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $15,000,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Space Force which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, DEFENSE-WIDE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $35,613,354,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    37,399,341,000
Committee recommendation..............................    37,238,522,000
Change from budget request............................      -160,819,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$37,238,522,000 for Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide 
which will provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                      SECURITY ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommendation provides $623,073,000 for base 
programs administered by the Defense Security Cooperation 
Agency (DSCA) and an additional $1,614,178,000 in title IX for 
overseas contingency operations. Prior to the initial 
obligation of funds, the Committee directs the Director of DSCA 
to submit a spend plan by budget activity and sub-activity to 
the House and Senate Appropriations Committees. For funds 
planned for the Security Cooperation Account, the Director 
shall, in coordination with the geographic combatant 
commanders, identify amounts planned for each combatant command 
and country, and a comparison to such amounts provided in the 
previous five fiscal years.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding at levels 
consistent with prior years for Jordan.
    The Committee recommendation provides $250,000,000 for the 
Ukraine Security Assistance Initiative, the same as the fiscal 
year 2019 enacted level. The Committee urges the new Government 
of Ukraine to implement additional reforms, including measures 
to combat corruption. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
Defense to submit a report to the congressional defense 
committees not later than 90 days after the enactment of this 
Act on the status of reforms in the security sector and efforts 
to reduce corruption in the security services, including 
through assistance programs provided in this Act.
    The Committee recommendation includes funding for the 
Maritime Security Initiative for countries in the Indo-Pacific 
Command area of responsibility. The Committee notes that 10 
U.S.C. 333 provides the Secretary of Defense with the authority 
to carry out security assistance programs in a number of areas, 
including for maritime and border security operations. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a copy of 
the Indo-Pacific Strategic Framework and the Indo-Pacific 
Implementation Plan to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 30 days after the enactment of this Act and prior to 
the initial obligation of funds for security assistance 
programs in the Indo-Pacific Command area of responsibility.
    The Committee recommendation provides funding for certain 
border security programs under the Counter-ISIS Train and Equip 
Fund instead of under the security assistance programs.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to provide 
information and documents, as appropriate, to the appropriate 
judicial authorities in El Salvador investigating the December 
1981 massacre in El Mozote.

                          INVENTORY MANAGEMENT

    The Committee is concerned by the lack of accurate 
inventory management controls in place at the Department of 
Defense which often result in lost material, parts, and 
funding. The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Directors of the Defense Logistics 
Agency, the Defense Contract Management Agency, and the Defense 
Contract Audit Agency, to submit a report to the congressional 
defense committees not later than 60 days after the enactment 
of this Act that describes how the Department can better track 
its inventory. The report should include possible ways to hold 
contractors liable for lost or unaccounted parts and material, 
especially when contractors are on contract to provide 
inventory management.

          OFFICE OF ECONOMIC ADJUSTMENT--COMMUNITY ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$30,400,000 for the Office of Economic Adjustment whose mission 
is to provide support to communities and states that support 
the readiness of military installations, ranges, and military 
supply chains. The Committee understands that the 
responsibilities of the Office of Economic Adjustment have been 
expanded and believes that these additional funds, with the 
addition of two full time equivalents, will enhance its ability 
to support both community and military missions.

                       DEFENSE COMMISSARY AGENCY

    In 2018, the Department of Defense began to sell beer and 
wine in defense commissaries. However, the Committee notes that 
the sale of distilled spirits is still not included in the 
policy. Since military commissary stores are intended to be 
similar to commercial grocery stores and roughly half of States 
legally sell distilled spirits in grocery stores, the Committee 
believes that the Department should have explored this option 
to further improve customer convenience at all military 
commissaries. The Committee directs the Undersecretary of 
Defense (Personnel and Readiness) to submit a report to the 
House and Senate Appropriations Committees not later than 90 
days after the enactment of this Act not on why the decision 
was made, but whether the decision to restrict the sale of 
distilled spirits in military commissaries will be reconsidered 
in the near future.

            DEFENSE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY AGENCY

    The primary responsibility for conducting background 
investigations for the federal government officially shifted 
from the Office of Personnel Management to the Department of 
Defense, Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency, 
formerly known as the Defense Security Service, on April 24, 
2019. The Committee is closely monitoring the transition and 
notes the increases in both budget and number of civilian 
personnel that are tied to the transfer. Further, the Committee 
remains interested in fully understanding the Department's cost 
recovery/service charge model, which is a key feature of the 
recently established background investigation working capital 
fund.
    The Committee directs the Director of the Defense 
Counterintelligence and Security Agency to provide quarterly 
progress reports to the House and Senate Appropriations 
Committees that include budgetary updates on related activities 
funded with direct appropriations and funds received from other 
departments, agencies, or organizations on a reimbursable 
basis. The first quarterly report should be provided not later 
than 60 days after the enactment of this Act and should 
continue through the end of fiscal year 2020.

                     SUSTAINABLE ENERGY INITIATIVES

    The Committee recognizes the advances the Department of 
Defense has made in increasing sustainable and renewable energy 
supply to its facilities. Expanding the installation of energy 
use reduction technologies and renewable, sustainable energy 
sources on defense installations provides protection against 
threats to the commercial grid, reduces energy costs, and 
provides environmental benefits to the community. The Committee 
encourages the Secretary of Defense to continue to expand the 
use of sustainable and renewable energy sources.

                     PFOS/PFOA EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT

    The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
authorized a study and assessment of the health implications of 
perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid 
(PFOA) contamination on military installations. The Committee 
recommendation includes $13,000,000 for the study and 
assessment, which shall be limited to current or former 
domestic military installations known to have PFOS/PFOA 
contamination in drinking water, ground water, and any other 
sources of water and relevant exposure pathways. The Committee 
also directs the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Energy, 
Installations, and Environment) to submit a report to the House 
and Senate Appropriations Committees not later than 30 days 
after the enactment of this Act on the Department's strategy to 
execute this funding.
    The Committee remains deeply concerned about PFOS/PFOA 
contamination on current and former domestic military 
installations. As the Department conducts its exposure 
assessment on all installations known to have PFOS/PFOA 
drinking water contamination, the Committee directs the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense (Energy, Installations, and 
Environment) to publicly release the measured levels of 
contamination found at each installation. For all remediation 
activities, the Department is directed to achieve a drinking 
water cleanup standard no higher than the threshold of the 
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health advisory level 
(currently 70 parts per trillion) for federally controlled 
sites and surrounding communities whose water sources were 
contaminated as a result of Department activities.

                OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, ARMY RESERVE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $2,781,402,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     1,080,103,000
Committee recommendation..............................     3,009,594,000
Change from budget request............................    +1,929,491,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,009,594,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Army Reserve which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, NAVY RESERVE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $1,018,006,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       261,284,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,110,116,000
Change from budget request............................      +848,832,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,110,116,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Navy Reserve which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:


            OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, MARINE CORPS RESERVE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $271,570,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................        61,090,000
Committee recommendation..............................       294,076,000
Change from budget request............................      +232,986,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $294,076,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Marine Corps Reserve which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


              OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, AIR FORCE RESERVE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $3,191,734,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     2,231,445,000
Committee recommendation..............................     3,356,685,000
Change from budget request............................    +1,125,240,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,356,685,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Air Force Reserve which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


             OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, ARMY NATIONAL GUARD


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $7,118,831,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     3,335,755,000
Committee recommendation..............................     7,448,536,000
Change from budget request............................    +4,112,781,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $7,448,536,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Army National Guard which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


             OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE, AIR NATIONAL GUARD


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $6,420,697,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     3,612,156,000
Committee recommendation..............................     6,592,589,000
Change from budget request............................    +2,980,433,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $6,592,589,000 
for Operation and Maintenance, Air National Guard which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


          UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE ARMED FORCES


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................       $14,662,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................        14,771,000
Committee recommendation..............................        14,771,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $14,771,000 
for the United States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces.

                    ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $235,809,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       207,518,000
Committee recommendation..............................       235,809,000
Change from budget request............................       +28,291,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $235,809,000 
for Environmental Restoration, Army.

                    ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $365,883,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       335,932,000
Committee recommendation..............................       365,883,000
Change from budget request............................       +29,951,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $365,883,000 
for Environmental Restoration, Navy.

                  ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $365,808,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       302,744,000
Committee recommendation..............................       365,808,000
Change from budget request............................       +63,064,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $365,808,000 
for Environmental Restoration, Air Force.

                       GRANULAR ACTIVATED CARBON

    The Committee is concerned by actual and potential 
incidents of contaminated drinking water on and around military 
bases. The Committee understands that in more than one 
instance, the Services' use of firefighting foam during 
training exercises may have caused perfluorinated chemicals 
(PFCs) to enter the ground and drinking water supply. The 
Committee recognizes that using granular activated carbon is an 
effective way of removing PFCs from ground water and drinking 
water and encourages the Secretary of the Air Force to explore 
the use of additional remediation technologies, including 
plasma generation, for the removal of PFCs that impact 
environmental and human health standards at all Air Force 
bases.

                ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION, DEFENSE-WIDE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................       $19,002,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................         9,105,000
Committee recommendation..............................        19,002,000
Change from budget request............................        +9,897,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $19,002,000 
for Environmental Restoration, Defense-Wide.

         ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION, FORMERLY USED DEFENSE SITES


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $248,673,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       216,499,000
Committee recommendation..............................       260,499,000
Change from budget request............................       +44,000,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $260,499,000 
for Environmental Restoration, Formerly Used Defense Sites.

             OVERSEAS HUMANITARIAN, DISASTER, AND CIVIC AID


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $117,663,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       108,600,000
Committee recommendation..............................       117,663,000
Change from budget request............................        +9,063,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $117,663,000 
for Overseas Humanitarian, Disaster, and Civic Aid, which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
FOREIGN DISASTER RELIEF............................................       21,277          28,099           6,822
    Program increase...............................................                        6,822
HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE............................................       74,564          74,564               0
HUMANITARIAN MINE ACTION PROGRAM...................................       12,759          15,000           2,241
    Program increase...............................................                        2,241
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, OVERSEAS HUMANITARIAN, DISASTER, AND CIVIC AID..........      108,600         117,663           9,063
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                  COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION ACCOUNT


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $350,240,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       338,700,000
Committee recommendation..............................       353,700,000
Change from budget request............................       +15,000,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $353,700,000 
for the Cooperative Threat Reduction Account which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION ACCOUNT
    Strategic Offensive Arms Elimination...........................          492             492               0
    Chemical Weapons Destruction...................................       12,856          12,856               0
    Global Nuclear Security........................................       33,919          48,919          15,000
        Program increase--Global Nuclear Security..................                       15,000
    Biological Threat Reduction Program............................      183,642         183,642               0
    Proliferation Prevention Program...............................       79,869          79,869               0
    Other Assessments/Admin Costs..................................       27,922          27,922               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION ACCOUNT....................      338,700         353,700          15,000
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

      DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT FUND


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $450,000,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       400,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       400,000,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $400,000,000 
for the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund which will provide the following program in fiscal year 
2020:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Training and Development...........................................      239,200         239,200               0
Retention and Recognition..........................................       20,000          20,000               0
Recruiting and Hiring..............................................      140,800         140,800               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT       400,000         400,000               0
     FUND..........................................................
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                               TITLE III

                              PROCUREMENT

    The fiscal year 2020 Department of Defense procurement 
budget request totals $118,923,130,000. The Committee 
recommendation provides $130,544,776,000 for the procurement 
accounts. The table below summarizes the Committee 
recommendations:


            REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE FOR ACQUISITION ACCOUNTS

    The Committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) to submit a prior approval reprogramming to the 
congressional defense committees for any reprogramming of 
funding above a threshold of $10,000,000 for either a 
procurement or a research, development, test and evaluation 
line.
    Also, the Committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) to continue to provide the congressional defense 
committees quarterly, spreadsheet-based DD Form 1416 reports 
for Service and defense-wide accounts in titles III and IV of 
this Act. Reports for titles III and IV shall comply with the 
guidance specified in the explanatory statement accompanying 
the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2006. The 
Department shall continue to follow the limitation that prior 
approval reprogrammings are set at either the specified dollar 
threshold or 20 percent of the procurement or research, 
development, test and evaluation line, whichever is less. These 
thresholds are cumulative from the base for reprogramming value 
as modified by any adjustments. Therefore, if the combined 
value of transfers into or out of a procurement (P-1) or 
research, development, test and evaluation (R-1) line exceeds 
the identified threshold, the Secretary of Defense must submit 
a prior approval reprogramming to the congressional defense 
committees. In addition, guidelines on the application of prior 
approval reprogramming procedures for congressional special 
interest items are established elsewhere in this report.

                           FUNDING INCREASES

    The funding increases outlined in these tables shall be 
provided only for the specific purposes indicated in the 
tables.

                   PROCUREMENT SPECIAL INTEREST ITEMS

    Items for which additional funds have been provided as 
shown in the project level tables or in paragraphs using the 
phrase ``only for'' or ``only to'' in this report are 
congressional special interest items for the purpose of the 
Base for Reprogramming (DD Form 1414). Each of these items must 
be carried on the DD Form 1414 at the stated amount as 
specifically addressed in the Committee report. These items 
remain special interest items whether or not they are repeated 
in a subsequent explanatory statement.

                       AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $4,299,566,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     3,696,429,000
Committee recommendation..............................     3,689,720,000
Change from budget request............................        -6,709,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,689,720,000 
for Aircraft Procurement, Army which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


                        CH-47F CHINOOK BLOCK II

    The Committee continues to support Army efforts to deliver 
capability to the warfighter through the development and 
delivery of advanced aviation platforms and technology. The 
Committee previously appropriated CH-47 Block II funding based 
on the Chief of Staff of the Army's written certification of 
the program of record. The Committee is concerned that the Army 
is now reducing its support for the CH-47 Block II program 
which was determined to be necessary less than two years ago. 
This lack of acquisition discipline is of great concern to the 
Committee, and in this case, will have significant negative 
repercussions across multiple domains. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of the Army to restore funding for the CH-47F 
Block II program across the next future years defense program 
when the fiscal year 2021 budget request is submitted.

                       MISSILE PROCUREMENT, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $3,145,256,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................             - - -
Committee recommendation..............................     3,218,272,000
Change from budget request............................    +3,218,272,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $3,218,272,000 
for Missile Procurement, Army which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


           INDIRECT FIRE PROTECTION CAPABILITY AND IRON DOME

    In October 2018, the Army provided a report to the 
congressional defense committees confirming that the Iron Dome 
system meets Army requirements, and specifically that the Iron 
Dome system provides the best value to the Army based on its 
schedule, cost per kill, magazine depth, and capability against 
specified threats. The Department of Defense subsequently 
requested a reprogramming and realignment of funds to procure 
two Iron Dome batteries, an additional quantity of Tamir 
missiles, and integration and interoperability efforts between 
Iron Dome and the Integrated Air and Missile Defense Battle 
Command System. The Committee supports the efforts to procure 
Iron Dome but remains concerned with funding of research for 
largely duplicative capabilities. Therefore, the Committee 
directs the Secretary of the Army to provide a report to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 30 days after 
the enactment of this Act on the development and acquisition 
plan for the program. The report shall identify the enduring 
solution for the Indirect Fire Protection Capability and the 
required development and procurement funding profile required 
to remain in compliance with the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2019.

        PROCUREMENT OF WEAPONS AND TRACKED COMBAT VEHICLES, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $4,486,402,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     4,715,566,000
Committee recommendation..............................     4,849,373,000
Change from budget request............................      +133,807,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $4,849,373,000 
for Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat Vehicles, Army 
which will provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                       MACHINE GUN MOUNT UPGRADES

    The Committee supports the MK93 machine gun mount upgrade 
program and encourages the Secretary of the Army to include 
additional detail in its budget request for fiscal year 2021 
regarding its plans to develop and deploy the softmount 
upgrade.

                    PROCUREMENT OF AMMUNITION, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $2,276,330,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................             - - -
Committee recommendation..............................     2,583,895,000
Change from budget request............................    +2,583,895,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,583,895,000 
for Procurement of Ammunition, Army which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                        OTHER PROCUREMENT, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $7,844,691,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     7,443,101,000
Committee recommendation..............................     7,583,678,000
Change from budget request............................      +140,577,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $7,583,678,000 
for Other Procurement, Army which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


             PHYSICAL SECURITY AND ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

    The Committee supports ongoing efforts to improve 
installation security while also addressing the efficiency of 
installation entry points. To maximize these initiatives, 
future investment should incorporate technological advancements 
that leverage artificial intelligence technology. The 
integration of these technologies can benefit installation 
operations by improving security and traffic management, while 
reducing manpower requirements committed to security 
operations. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Army 
to incorporate lessons learned from existing pilot programs and 
expand technology deployments to the largest Army installations 
that could benefit from these operational improvements.

     HIGH MOBILITY MULTIPURPOSE WHEELED VEHICLE MODERNIZATION AND 
                            RECAPITALIZATION

    The Committee recommendation includes $25,000,000 for High 
Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Modernization or 
HMMWV Recapitalization to obtain new HMMWVs or ``like-new'' 
HMMWVs fully restored to zero-hours, zero-miles condition by 
the installation of a new powered chassis. This approach 
leverages a low-risk, highly effective, and cost-efficient 
model created for the Army National Guard HMMWV Modernization 
Program. Modernizing or recapitalizing HMMWVs with a new, up-
to-date chassis of a more consistent configuration will enable 
future technology insertions and capability upgrades to the 
HMMWV fleet and will reduce sustainment costs and logistics 
challenges otherwise created by obsolete, inefficient, and 
less-capable parts.

                       ENHANCED LIGHTWEIGHT ARMOR

    The Committee is committed to providing soldiers with the 
most advanced body armor technology. By using advanced 
lightweight materials and technologies, advanced hard armor has 
been developed under the soldier protection system program 
which provides the same level of ballistic protection for 
soldiers at a significantly lower weight. The Committee 
encourages the Secretary of the Army to ensure soldiers are 
issued the best possible body armor for combat deployments and 
to ensure the body armor manufacturing base remains viable.

                       AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $20,092,199,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    18,522,204,000
Committee recommendation..............................    18,971,913,000
Change from budget request............................      +449,709,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$18,971,913,000 for Aircraft Procurement, Navy which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                             P-8A POSEIDON

    The Committee is concerned with the disconnect between the 
Navy's stated warfighting requirements and its annual budget 
requests. In fiscal year 2020, the Navy increased its 
warfighting requirement for the P-8A Poseidon to 138 from the 
previous total of 117 aircraft; however, the budget request 
only includes funding for six aircraft, which would achieve a 
total program of 117 aircraft. After fiscal year 2020, the Navy 
intends to curtail production of the P-8A Poseidon and remain 
21 aircraft below the stated warfighting requirement.
    The new warfighting requirement also includes twelve 
aircraft to recapitalize the two Marine Patrol and 
Reconnaissance squadrons assigned to the Naval Reserve. These 
squadrons currently operate legacy P-3C Orion aircraft. Without 
new aircraft, the Chief of the Naval Reserve estimates the 
units will decommission by 2023. The Committee appreciates that 
the Navy recognized the Naval Reserve squadrons as part of its 
increased requirement of P-8A aircraft but believes that 
dedicated funding for the aircraft should have been budgeted in 
fiscal year 2020 and in the future years defense program.
    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$541,200,000 for three additional aircraft for the Navy 
Reserve. The Committee also directs the Secretary of the Navy 
to submit a report to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act that 
outlines a plan to recapitalize the two Naval Reserve squadrons 
with P-8A aircraft prior to fiscal year 2023, when the current 
aircraft will reach the end of their service lives. The report 
should include estimated acquisition costs, acquisition 
timelines, aircraft fielding schedules, and manpower impacts to 
the Naval Reserve.

                       WEAPONS PROCUREMENT, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $3,711,576,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................             - - -
Committee recommendation..............................     4,061,797,000
Change from budget request............................    +4,061,797,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $4,061,797,000 
for Weapons Procurement, Navy which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


            PROCUREMENT OF AMMUNITION, NAVY AND MARINE CORPS


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $952,682,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................             - - -
Committee recommendation..............................       848,782,000
Change from budget request............................      +848,782,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $848,782,000 
for Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine Corps which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                   SHIPBUILDING AND CONVERSION, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $24,150,087,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    23,783,710,000
Committee recommendation..............................    21,699,556,000
Change from budget request............................    -2,084,154,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$21,699,556,000 for Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy which 
will provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                         EXPEDITIONARY SEA BASE

    The Expeditionary Sea Base is a mature, affordable 
shipbuilding program that provides combatant commanders with 
the flexibility to respond to immediate threats around the 
world. The fiscal year 2020 budget request projects procurement 
funding for the next Expeditionary Sea Base in fiscal years 
2022 and 2023, three years later than the fiscal year 2019 
budget request and shipbuilding plan had projected. The 
Committee encourages the Secretary of the Navy to accelerate 
the procurement of the next Expeditionary Sea Base to achieve 
the required capability, while allowing for greater 
affordability and stability for the industrial base.

                        OTHER PROCUREMENT, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $9,097,138,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     9,652,956,000
Committee recommendation..............................     9,123,068,000
Change from budget request............................      -529,888,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $9,123,068,000 
for Other Procurement, Navy which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


                       PROCUREMENT, MARINE CORPS


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $2,719,870,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     3,090,449,000
Committee recommendation..............................     2,838,151,000
Change from budget request............................      -252,298,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,838,151,000 
for Procurement, Marine Corps which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


                    AIRCRAFT PROCUREMENT, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $17,112,337,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    16,784,279,000
Committee recommendation..............................    18,082,933,000
Change from budget request............................    +1,298,654,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$18,082,933,000 for Aircraft Procurement, Air Force which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                    RECAPITALIZING THE F-15C/D FLEET

    The Committee recommendation includes $985,500,000 to 
procure the first eight new-build F-15EX aircraft. The 
Committee finds that the F-15EX request, while unanticipated, 
must be considered within the context of the aging F-15C/D 
fleet. The Committee views the F-15EX as the fastest and most 
cost-effective path to preserving the F-15C/D fleet, including 
Air National Guard units stationed in California, Florida, 
Louisiana, Massachusetts, and Oregon. According to the Air 
Force, the F-15C/D fleet has consumed 83 percent of its service 
life on average, with twelve aircraft currently over 100 
percent.
    Additionally, the Committee is concerned by the growing 
number of aircraft that are failing longeron inspections. The 
Committee notes that prior to the fiscal year 2020 request, the 
Air Force had planned on longeron and wing service life 
extension programs designed to keep the F-15C/Ds flying past 
2040. The Committee has not seen any analysis, including the 
``Air Force We Need'' analysis, that denies the need to 
continue operating the F-15C/D fleet and other ``fourth 
generation'' fighter aircraft such as the F-15E, A-10, and F-16 
well past 2030, or disputes that such aircraft will continue to 
make critical contributions to the implementation of the 
National Defense Strategy. The F-15EX program will begin 
recapitalizing this fleet with a new aircraft with an estimated 
service life of 20,000 hours and possessing upgrades that the 
Air Force has been pursuing as modifications to the F-15C/D 
fleet. The Committee further finds that considerations of parts 
commonality, low conversion cost, and operator familiarity make 
the F-15EX procurement a sensible if regrettably necessary 
investment.
    At the same time, the Committee notes that the F-15EX 
request has been submitted with key questions unanswered, such 
as the specific acquisition strategy and timeline. The 
Committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees, not later than 
30 days prior to issuing a final request for proposal or 
executing a contract action for the procurement of F-15EX 
aircraft, which details an approved acquisition strategy along 
with updates to the fielding timeline and cost estimates (if 
applicable), an explanation of the scope and schedule for the 
testing plan, and options for accelerating fielding in 
comparison to the budget exhibits submitted with the fiscal 
year 2020 request.

                     MISSILE PROCUREMENT, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $2,585,004,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     2,889,187,000
Committee recommendation..............................     2,789,287,000
Change from budget request............................       -99,900,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,789,287,000 
for Missile Procurement, Air Force which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                      SPACE PROCUREMENT, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $2,343,642,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     2,414,383,000
Committee recommendation..............................     2,368,443,000
Change from budget request............................       -45,940,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $2,368,443,000 
for Space Procurement, Air Force which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                  PROCUREMENT OF AMMUNITION, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $1,485,856,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................             - - -
Committee recommendation..............................     1,602,761,000
Change from budget request............................    +1,602,761,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,602,761,000 
for Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:


                      OTHER PROCUREMENT, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $20,884,225,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    20,687,857,000
Committee recommendation..............................    21,067,888,000
Change from budget request............................      +380,031,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$21,067,888,000 for Other Procurement, Air Force which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


                       PROCUREMENT, DEFENSE-WIDE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $6,822,180,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     5,109,416,000
Committee recommendation..............................     5,100,866,000
Change from budget request............................        -8,550,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $5,100,866,000 
for Procurement, Defense-Wide which will provide the following 
program in fiscal year 2020:


                       RECYCLED CONTENT PRODUCTS

    The Committee commends the Department of Defense on its 
most recent update to Department of Defense Instruction 4105.72 
regarding sustainable procurement. The Committee supports 
efforts to procure sustainable goods and recycled content 
products, including clothing items with these materials. The 
Committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to consider the 
use and applicability of recycled items in procurement 
decisions.

                    DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT PURCHASES


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................       $53,578,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................        34,393,000
Committee recommendation..............................        64,393,000
Change from budget request............................       +30,000,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $64,393,000 
for the Defense Production Act Purchases which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:

                EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Change from
                                     Budget      Committee      Request
                                    Request     Recommended
------------------------------------------------------------------------
DEFENSE PRODUCTION ACT PURCHASES       34,393        64,393       30,000
    Program increase............                     30,000
------------------------------------------------------------------------
        TOTAL, DEFENSE                 34,393        64,393       30,000
         PRODUCTION ACT
         PURCHASES..............
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                          RARE EARTH MATERIALS

    A critical national security vulnerability exists because 
of continued dependence on Chinese rare earth materials for the 
military sector supply chain. Due to China's willingness to 
restrict the rare earth material market, coupled with the risk 
to the national security supply chain, it is critical to reduce 
reliance on China's rare earth materials. The Committee 
encourages the Secretary of Defense to invest in the 
development of a domestic source of rare earth materials.

                  RADIATION HARDENED MICROELECTRONICS

    The Committee notes the important initiatives pertaining to 
radiation hardened microelectronics and encourages the 
Secretary of Defense to prioritize these initiatives, 
particularly those concerning radiation hardened memory 
devices. The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to 
submit a report to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act on the 
status of the various microelectronic initiatives, as well as 
the subsequent funding profiles for each initiative.

                  JOINT URGENT OPERATIONAL NEEDS FUND


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................             - - -
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       $99,200,000
Committee recommendation..............................             - - -
Change from budget request............................       -99,200,000
 

    The Committee recommends no funding for the Joint Urgent 
Operational Needs Fund.

                                TITLE IV

               RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION

    The fiscal year 2020 Department of Defense research, 
development, test and evaluation budget request totals 
$102,647,545,000. The Committee recommendation provides 
$100,455,412,000 for the research, development, test and 
evaluation accounts. The table below summarizes the Committee 
recommendations:


            REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE FOR ACQUISITION ACCOUNTS

    The Committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) to submit a prior approval reprogramming to the 
congressional defense committees for any reprogramming of 
funding above a threshold of $10,000,000 for either a 
procurement or a research, development, test and evaluation 
line.
    The Committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense 
(Comptroller) to continue to provide the congressional defense 
committees quarterly, spreadsheet-based DD Form 1416 reports 
for Service and defense-wide accounts in titles III and IV of 
this Act. Reports for titles III and IV shall comply with the 
guidance specified in the explanatory statement accompanying 
the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2006. The 
Department shall continue to follow the limitation that prior 
approval reprogrammings are set at either the specified dollar 
threshold or 20 percent of the procurement or research, 
development, test and evaluation line, whichever is less. These 
thresholds are cumulative from the base for reprogramming value 
as modified by any adjustments. Therefore, if the combined 
value of transfers into or out of a procurement (P-1) or 
research, development, test and evaluation (R-1) line exceeds 
the identified threshold, the Secretary of Defense must submit 
a prior approval reprogramming to the congressional defense 
committees. In addition, guidelines on the application of prior 
approval reprogramming procedures for congressional special 
interest items are established elsewhere in this report.

                           FUNDING INCREASES

    The Committee directs that the funding increases outlined 
in these tables shall be provided only for the specific 
purposes indicated in the tables.

   RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION SPECIAL INTEREST ITEMS

    Items for which additional funds have been provided as 
shown in the project level tables or in paragraphs using the 
phrase ``only for'' or ``only to'' in this report are 
congressional special interest items for the purpose of the 
Base for Reprogramming (DD Form 1414). Each of these items must 
be carried on the DD Form 1414 at the stated amount 
specifically addressed in the Committee report. These items 
remain special interest items whether or not they are repeated 
in a subsequent explanatory statement.

                      CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATIONS

    The Committee supports the use of Other Transactional 
Authority (OTA) by the Department of Defense as an important 
tool to provide flexibility for new or expanded use of rapid 
development and prototyping. While not governed by the Federal 
Acquisition Regulations, OTAs result in major contract 
decisions which require congressional oversight. The Committee 
directs the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment to notify the congressional defense committees 
regarding major contract actions, including those using OTA 
authorities.

              ADVANCED MANUFACTURING CENTER OF EXCELLENCE

    The Committee is encouraged that the Secretary of the Army 
established a Center of Excellence for Advanced Manufacturing. 
The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
required the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
Sustainment and the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering to work with each of the Service Secretaries to 
establish activities that demonstrate advanced manufacturing 
techniques and capabilities at depot-level activities or 
military arsenal facilities. The Committee is supportive of 
this effort and directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
90 days after the enactment of this Act providing further 
detail on the activities that have been identified by each 
Service.

                        SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS

    The current military satellite communications architecture 
comprises independently designed, purpose-built spacecraft; 
ground systems; and user terminals intended to meet differing 
mission requirements for strategic, wideband, and narrowband 
communications. In fiscal year 2019, the Secretaries of the 
Army, Navy, and Air Force were tasked with developing an 
integrated architecture and acquisition strategy for wideband 
and narrowband communications, and were directed to consider 
both government and commercial systems, user terminals, and 
network capabilities. The Committee notes that acquisition of 
narrowband satellite communications systems traditionally has 
been the responsibility of the Navy, while the Air Force has 
had responsibility for wideband and strategic satellite 
communications. The Committee encourages the Secretaries of the 
Navy and the Air Force to consider whether transferring 
responsibility for future narrowband satellite communications 
systems from the Navy to the Air Force will facilitate the 
development and implementation of an integrated communications 
architecture.

                   HYPERSONICS CAPABILITY DEVELOPMENT

    Hypersonic weapons pose a dangerous new class of threat to 
national security. They operate at exceptionally high speeds 
and have the ability to maneuver unpredictably, making them 
challenging to track and difficult to intercept. Potential 
adversaries, such as Russia and China, have recognized the 
value of hypersonic weapons to offset United States military 
capabilities and hold United States forces at risk. Adversaries 
have made alarming progress in developing and demonstrating 
such weapons, far outstripping the pace of United States 
advancements. The Committee supports efforts aimed at 
developing capabilities to hold adversaries at risk, as well as 
capabilities to defend against growing hypersonic threats. 
Therefore, the Committee strongly supports increased emphasis 
on research, development, testing, and demonstration of 
hypersonics technologies and systems. However, the Committee is 
concerned that the rapid growth in hypersonic research has the 
potential to result in stove-piped, proprietary systems that 
duplicate capabilities and increase costs.
    The Committee recommendation includes $85,000,000 for 
Hypersonics Capability Development to develop and implement an 
integrated science and technology roadmap for hypersonics and 
to establish a university consortium for hypersonics research 
and workforce development to support Department efforts to 
expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition of hypersonic 
weapons systems, and to coordinate current and future research, 
development, test, and evaluation programs across the 
Department of Defense.
    The Committee directs the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering to submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 90 days after 
the date of enactment of this Act, and quarterly updates 
thereafter, on its integrated science and technology roadmap 
describing the short-term, mid-term, and long-term goals of the 
Department; progress toward achieving the goals; associated 
investment needed to achieve the goals; and the plans for a 
university consortium.

                HUMAN PERFORMANCE OPTIMIZATION RESEARCH

    The Committee believes that developmental programs aimed at 
human performance optimization in the physical, cognitive, 
organizational, and social domains could improve military 
readiness. The Committee encourages the Service Secretaries to 
prioritize human performance optimization research efforts that 
will benefit servicemembers.

           F-35 JOINT STRIKE FIGHTER DEVELOPMENTAL TEST FLEET

    The Committee recommendation includes a legislative 
provision, similar to the provision included in the Department 
of Defense Appropriations Act, 2019, that would allow the 
Secretary of Defense to use funds made available for F-35 
procurement and research, development, test and evaluation to 
modify up to six aircraft in total, including two aircraft of 
each variant, to a test configuration. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of Defense to follow the same guidelines for the 
use of this authority contained in House Report 115-952.

            RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION, ARMY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $11,083,824,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    12,192,771,000
Committee recommendation..............................    12,046,783,000
Change from budget request............................      -145,988,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$12,046,783,000 for Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
Army which will provide the following program in fiscal year 
2020:


                      ADVANCED PROJECTILE SYSTEMS

    The Committee is aware of ongoing Army efforts to develop 
enhanced lethality and accuracy for dismounted soldiers. The 
Committee believes that emerging manufacturing technologies 
play a critical role in these efforts by enabling rapid 
flexible munitions production and cost savings for advanced 
projectile systems. The Committee encourages the Secretary of 
the Army to continue development, fabrication, and testing of 
extended range hybrid and affordable precision gun-launched 
projectiles.

                   COLD SPRAY ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

    The Committee supports the advancement of cold spray 
additive manufacturing that can be utilized to produce high 
performance materials. These capabilities will enable increased 
performance, readiness, and sustainability by the transition of 
the advanced additive manufacturing processes into the Army.

                     ASSET PROTECTION TECHNOLOGIES

    The Committee recognizes the Army's advancement in 
developing successful technologies that support warfighter 
survivability and lethality. Recent innovative technologies 
include thermal indicating paints, active sensor systems, novel 
power solutions, printed and embedded sensors for Army weapons 
systems, and flexible electronics. The Committee encourages the 
Secretary of the Army to develop, demonstrate, manufacture, and 
deploy advanced multi-functional materials and technologies 
that can be combined for customizable asset protection systems 
and increased weapon system capabilities.

        CYBER AND ELECTRONIC WARFARE FOR THE DISMOUNTED SOLDIER

    The Committee remains concerned about cyber and electronic 
warfare vulnerabilities of the dismounted soldier at the 
tactical edge. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the 
Army to continue to develop sensors and prototyping efforts for 
a lightweight, low-power device that can perform cyber and 
electronic warfare for situational awareness and force 
protection for dismounted soldiers.

                AGILE MANUFACTURING MATERIALS PROCESSING

    The Center for Agile Materials Manufacturing Science at the 
Army Research Laboratory provides essential tool and material 
process development and accelerates the ability of the Army to 
enhance industrial base capabilities for improving weapon 
system performance, speed, fuel efficiency, and force 
protection. The Committee supports these innovations to reduce 
part assemblies and lifecycle costs, as well as to enable 
point-of-need part production.

            RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION, NAVY


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $18,510,564,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    20,270,499,000
Committee recommendation..............................    19,140,865,000
Change from budget request............................    -1,129,634,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$19,140,865,000 for Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
Navy which will provide the following program in fiscal year 
2020:


                  NUCLEAR SEA-LAUNCHED CRUISE MISSILE

    The Committee understands that the Navy budget request 
includes $5,000,000 to begin an analysis of alternatives for a 
new Nuclear Sea-launched Cruise Missile (SLCM-N) pursuant to 
the 2018 Nuclear Posture Review's call for the ``rapid 
development of a modern SLCM.'' The recommendation includes 
full funding for this request, but the Committee is concerned 
with the potential costs and operational impacts of this 
potential additive acquisition program. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of the Navy to submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act that provides the estimated cost of a 
SLCM-N acquisition program, an estimate of the increased 
operational and security costs that would be imposed on the 
fleet by a SLCM-N, an assessment of whether possession of a 
SLCM-N by Navy submarines would affect access to overseas ports 
and facilities, and a description of the validated military 
requirement. This report may be submitted with a classified 
annex if necessary.

               SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH PROGRAM

    The Committee recognizes that the Small Business Innovation 
Research (SBIR) program is a valuable tool to engage small 
business and provide a pathway for innovators to conduct 
business with the Department of Defense. The program is 
designed to attract and engage small businesses to perform 
research and development activities and to assist those 
businesses in commercializing their technologies for future use 
by the Department of Defense. According to SBIR law, agencies 
are to use the SBIR awardee to the greatest extent practicable, 
thus giving that awardee the opportunity to perfect and scale 
their innovations. The Department of Defense has special 
acquisition flexibility in order to promote and coordinate with 
small businesses.
    The Committee remains concerned that the Department of 
Defense continues to fail small businesses by not adhering to 
SBIR law and curtailing the innovative growth that small 
businesses could provide to fill critical needs in the defense 
industrial base. The Committee believes that the Department's 
resistance to permitting SBIR awardees to commercialize their 
technologies neglects the vital importance of entrepreneurial 
innovation.
    This failure of the Department to capitalize on SBIR 
entrepreneurial innovation is demonstrated by the repeated 
failure of the Navy to properly resource the Automated Test and 
Re-test (ATRT) program, which has produced some of the Navy's 
most transformative technology, including the AEGIS/ATRT 
Virtual Twin. As such, the Committee recommendation includes 
$37,653,000 for the ATRT program, an increase of $30,000,000 
above the fiscal year 2020 budget request, and rejects the 
renaming of the program to Automated Test and Analysis. The 
Committee expects the Secretary of the Navy to fully adhere to 
SBIR law and the recent directive from the Small Business 
Administration on the continuation of SBIR-derived research and 
development and commercialization of SBIR-related technologies.

                              BLAST INJURY

    The Committee recognizes the need for additional research 
on what occurs inside the brain after experiencing a blast 
event. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Navy, 
through the Office of Naval Research, to continue to leverage 
partnerships with academia and the national laboratories to 
acquire a better understanding of the human cellular response 
and the interface between humans and their protective equipment 
during blast impulses. These research efforts may lead to 
predicting injury following a blast event using future wearable 
sensor systems and may inform the design of advanced protective 
equipment to reduce blast injuries.

           MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES IN FEMALE SERVICEMEMBERS

    The Committee supports efforts to strengthen the 
resiliency, lethality, and readiness of the military and 
acknowledges that servicemembers involved in ground-based 
training and tactical missions are at risk for sustaining high 
rates of musculoskeletal injuries. The Committee notes that not 
enough research has been conducted on injury mitigation and 
performance needs of females who serve in these roles. The 
Committee urges the Commandant of the Marine Corps to support 
research into the musculoskeletal issues faced by female 
Marines serving in infantry and other combat roles.

                     COASTAL ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH

    The Committee understands the importance of the littoral 
region to Navy operations worldwide and believes that training 
must replicate the operational and threat environments that 
submarines and unmanned systems are likely to encounter in 
these areas. The Committee believes that additional research of 
the magnetic, electric, and acoustic ambient fields in the 
littoral regions and the development of predictive techniques 
to distinguish ships and submarines from naturally occurring 
background features would be beneficial for littoral 
operations. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Navy 
to conduct additional research in this area.

                           ENERGY RESILIENCY

    The Committee recognizes the need for additional research 
to advance Navy efforts to create a more robust energy 
infrastructure and urges the Secretary of the Navy to 
collaborate with universities to conduct research on electrical 
power intermittency, integrating renewable energy sources into 
the grid, energy storage, improved micro-grids, grid security, 
local generation of zero-carbon fuels, and the inspection and 
structural health monitoring of critical energy infrastructure.

                      ADVANCED ENERGETICS RESEARCH

    The Committee recognizes the requirement for continued 
investment in advanced energetics research and development to 
increase the lethality, range, and speed of weapons; develop 
new capabilities; and expand the domestic energetics workforce. 
The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Navy to support 
advanced energetics research and development efforts and to 
incorporate successful technologies into advanced weapons 
systems.

          LETHALITY AND SURVIVABILITY OF LITTORAL COMBAT SHIPS

    The Committee supports Navy efforts to increase both the 
lethality and the survivability of Littoral Combat Ships but is 
concerned by the slow pace of improvements. The Committee 
directs the Secretary of the Navy to submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act on the specific lethality and 
survivability upgrades to be incorporated on Littoral Combat 
Ships, the timeline of installation of the upgrades, and any 
resources required.

RESEARCH AND WORKFORCE PARTNERSHIPS FOR SUBMARINE AND UNDERSEA VEHICLE 
                                PROGRAMS

    The Committee recognizes the need for greater partnerships 
between Navy research labs, academia, and industry. The 
Committee encourages the Secretary of the Navy to coordinate 
efforts with its industrial base partners to ensure that funded 
research projects are relevant to specific engineering and 
manufacturing needs, as well as defined systems capabilities. 
Partnerships with academia should focus on specific, well-
defined short- and long-term submarine and autonomous undersea 
vehicle research needs, accelerated technology transition, and 
should also include a strong workforce development component to 
help ensure a sustainable industrial base.

               DIGITAL SECURITY OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

    The Committee supports the development of digital 
protection of additive manufacturing equipment which is 
critical to securing future additive manufacturing capabilities 
for operational requirements. Protecting and securing these 
essential capabilities will ensure future capabilities.

         RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION, AIR FORCE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $41,229,475,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    45,616,122,000
Committee recommendation..............................    44,554,256,000
Change from budget request............................    -1,061,866,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$44,554,256,000 for Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
Air Force which will provide the following program in fiscal 
year 2020:


                     HYPERSONIC WEAPON PROTOTYPING

    The Committee recommendation fully funds the Air Force 
request for hypersonic weapon system research and development, 
including the $576,000,000 requested for two major prototyping 
efforts, the Air-Launched Rapid Response Weapon (ARRW) and the 
Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon (HCSW). However, the 
Committee is concerned by the continuing budget gap for both 
efforts, particularly the HCSW. The fiscal year 2020 budget 
request shows a significant funding shortfall for HCSW compared 
to the cost estimates that have been communicated to the 
Committee, and there is no funding programmed to continue HCSW 
in fiscal year 2021 and thereafter despite the Air Force goal 
of reaching an early operational capability within fiscal year 
2022. The Committee finds that since an updated non-advocate 
cost assessment was adopted as the internal baseline funding 
requirement in March 2018, and both the ARRW and HCSW efforts 
were designated as Section 804 rapid prototyping programs in 
May 2018, ample time has allowed the Air Force to fully fund 
both efforts within its budget plans. The Committee is 
disappointed that the Air Force has failed to do so and 
believes that this budgetary disconnect communicates 
uncertainty about the Air Force's intention to see both efforts 
through to completion.
    The Committee also believes that the Air Force needs to 
provide better information to the Committee about its efforts 
to transition each effort, assuming that prototyping is 
successful, to production and fielding. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of the Air Force to submit a report to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act that includes the following: an 
updated funding baseline for both the ARRW and HCSW rapid 
prototyping programs along with a plan to correct any budget 
shortfalls; an estimate of costs to field an early operating 
capability for both systems that are not included within the 
rapid prototyping effort; a notional schedule and cost estimate 
for the first five production lots; an assessment of current 
manufacturing readiness levels for both efforts and cost 
estimates to achieve the levels necessary to support initial 
production; and a comparative analysis of the justifications 
for producing and fielding multiple air-launched hypersonic 
weapons of comparable operational range versus down-selecting 
to a single type of weapon. This report may be submitted with a 
classified annex.

       MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY FOR HYPERSONIC AND SPACE SYSTEMS

    The Committee understands that the application of thermal 
protection systems is critical to hypersonic and space systems. 
As the Air Force continues to invest in the development of 
these essential capabilities, it must also develop the 
production processes required to manufacture thermal protection 
systems. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Air 
Force to continue the development and transition of this 
technology to industry to support the future production of 
hypersonic and space systems.

               PROPULSION FOR REUSABLE HYPERSONIC SYSTEMS

    The Committee understands that the Air Force continues to 
research technology to support the development of reusable 
hypersonic systems. As this technology continues to mature, the 
Committee encourages the Secretary of the Air Force to conduct 
research into reusable hypersonic propulsion technologies 
including high mach turbines.

            REMOTELY CONTROLLED AIRCRAFT POSITIONING SYSTEMS

    The Committee understands that the Air Force is conducting 
research, development, testing and evaluation of remotely 
controlled aircraft positioning systems, including systems 
powered by alternative energy. The Committee supports this 
research and encourages the Secretary of the Air Force to 
continue efforts to prototype and test such systems.

                    REFRACTORY METAL ALLOY RESEARCH

    The Committee understands that refractory metal alloys have 
the potential to support development of a new generation of jet 
engines. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Air 
Force to continue research into refractory metal alloys with 
higher stress and temperature tolerances, as well as self-
healing properties.

                     COATINGS FOR CORROSION CONTROL

    The Committee understands that improved coating 
technologies have the potential to minimize corrosion, decrease 
aerodynamic drag, and reduce environmental and occupational 
hazards. In addition, improved coatings potentially can reduce 
life-cycle costs and improve aircraft availability. The 
Committee encourages the Secretary of the Air Force to continue 
research into coating technologies that will reduce aircraft 
ownership costs and increase readiness.

                LOW COST ATTRITABLE AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY

    The Committee recommendation includes an additional 
$50,000,000 to further develop Low Cost Attritable Aircraft 
Technology (LCAAT). The Committee understands that the Air 
Force is undergoing flight tests with a demonstrator air 
vehicle, the XQ-58A, to evaluate system functionality, 
aerodynamic performance, and launch and recovery systems. The 
Committee believes that LCAAT has the potential for game-
changing capability and capacity across both permissive and 
contested environments while avoiding the high cost, long 
development timelines, and inflexible production lines of 
traditional aircraft programs. The Committee provides the 
additional funding for the further development, demonstration, 
prototyping, and integration of LCAAT air vehicles, payloads, 
launch and recovery concepts, datalinks, human-machine 
interface enhancements, manned-unmanned teaming, sustainment 
systems, and other LCAAT-related efforts. The Committee directs 
the Secretary of the Air Force to submit a spend plan to the 
congressional defense committees for the LCAAT funding in the 
budget request and the additional funding provided by the 
Committee not later than 90 days after the enactment of this 
Act.

                    THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MATERIALS

    The Committee is aware of advancements in materials 
research for photovoltaic solar cells and therefore the 
recommendation includes an additional $7,000,000 for thin-film 
photovoltaic technologies. The Committee encourages the 
Commander of the Air Force Research Laboratory to pursue 
research areas suitable for space, autonomous vehicles, and 
soldier power applications that will deliver improved specific 
power, resistance to thermal cycling and mechanical 
reliability. The Air Force Research Laboratory should consider 
expanding its relationships through a competitive process to 
broaden the types of materials and devices under investigation 
while leveraging existing expertise in terrestrial thin film 
photovoltaic development.

          NEXT GENERATION OVERHEAD PERSISTENT INFRARED PROGRAM

    The fiscal year 2020 budget request for the Next Generation 
Overhead Persistent Infrared (OPIR) program is $1,395,278,000, 
an increase of $752,152,000 above the fiscal year 2019 enacted 
level. The Committee appreciates the importance of the OPIR 
mission to national security, and the urgent need to field a 
more resilient capability against growing space threats. 
However, the Committee is concerned with the rapid budget 
growth and the Air Force strategy of relying on significant 
reprogramming requests to keep the program on schedule. 
Further, the Committee questions whether the use of authorities 
for middle tier acquisition for rapid prototyping and rapid 
fielding under Section 804 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 is appropriate for this 
program, and whether the Department of Defense's oversight and 
management controls are adequate given the use of the middle 
tier acquisition authority. Therefore, the Committee 
recommendation includes $1,193,688,000 for the Next Generation 
Overhead Persistent Infrared program, a reduction of 
$201,590,000.
    Further, the Committee notes that the Department of Defense 
lacks a comprehensive long-term architecture for overhead 
persistent infrared which integrates the requirements and 
capabilities across the military user community, to include 
integration of missile defense and hypersonic defense 
capabilities. The Committee views the current Next Generation 
Overhead Persistent Infrared Block 0 program as an important 
interim step to a currently undefined, but much needed, future 
comprehensive OPIR architecture. Therefore, the bill includes a 
legislative provision requiring the Space Development Agency 
and the Air Force to define the process by which the 
organizations will coordinate to develop a unified and 
integrated space architecture, to clarify roles and 
responsibilities in developing and demonstrating prototype 
capabilities and to transition the future comprehensive OPIR 
architectures to programs of record.

                     SPACE COMMON OPERATING PICTURE

    The National Space Defense Center, and its predecessor 
organizations, have been struggling for over a decade to 
develop a system to provide a common operating picture that 
integrates the space situational awareness sensors across the 
intelligence community and the Department of Defense. The 
Committee understands that there are commercial solutions 
available that could potentially provide a capability to meet 
some of these requirements in the near term. Therefore, the 
Committee provides an increase of $5,000,000 within the Joint 
Space Operations Center Mission System budget request for 
commercial capability to evaluate potential commercial 
solutions to provide a common operating picture.

                     NATIONAL SECURITY SPACE LAUNCH

    Assured access to space is the foundation of a strong 
national security space program. The Committee commends the Air 
Force for its impressive track record of successful launches 
over the past 15 years and reliably delivering critical 
capabilities to orbit. While the Air Force initially resisted 
introducing competition for national security launch, the 
Committee commends the Air Force for now embracing competition 
and facilitating progress toward eliminating its reliance on 
Russian engines. The Committee notes that the national security 
space launch program is going through a critical transition as 
it phases out legacy launch systems and considers a variety of 
new and upgraded rockets to meet the full slate of national 
security mission requirements.
    However, the Committee is concerned with the significant 
level of technical and programmatic risk this transition 
entails, including risk of a potential gap if any of the new, 
unproven rockets develop problems or experience setbacks. 
Therefore, the Committee recommendation fully funds the request 
for the National Security Space Launch program and urges the 
Secretary of the Air Force to proceed expeditiously with its 
strategy in order to minimize the risk of a gap in assured 
access to space.

                      PERSISTENT CYBER ENGAGEMENT

    The Committee recognizes U.S. Cyber Command's emphasis on 
persistent engagement as part of the evolving strategy to 
secure the cyber domain. The Committee understands that efforts 
currently are underway at the Air Force Research Laboratory to 
establish a center for persistent cyber engagement to provide 
training and skills development for cyber security. The 
Committee understands that there is a continuing need for 
investment in technical platforms, manpower, access to networks 
and software, and acquisition of technology, and that such a 
center could aid the integration of investment across these 
areas. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the Air Force 
and the Commander of U.S. Cyber Command to continue and enhance 
efforts to support persistent cyber engagement.

              DATA TRANSMISSION IN CONTESTED ENVIRONMENTS

    The Committee is aware of increasing data transmission 
challenges in the multi-domain battlespace with the rising 
demand for high-definition full motion video, voice, 
geolocation, and intelligence data requests. Data transmission 
is particularly difficult in contested environments where 
shared information may be susceptible to capture, corruption, 
or disruption. The Committee encourages the Secretary of the 
Air Force to develop and mature data transmission technologies 
including next generation multi-beam arrays, encrypted data 
transmission waveforms, high data capacity, and the ability to 
pass both tactical data link and common data link full motion 
imagery. The Committee directs the Secretary of the Air Force 
to submit a report to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act on encrypted 
data transmission technology advancements and plans for 
demonstration and acquisition.

        RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION, DEFENSE-WIDE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $23,691,836,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    24,346,953,000
Committee recommendation..............................    24,492,308,000
Change from budget request............................      +145,355,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$24,492,308,000 for Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, 
Defense-Wide which will provide the following program in fiscal 
year 2020:


              RENEWABLE ENERGY FOR MILITARY INSTALLATIONS

    The Committee notes that ensuring a reliable and resilient 
electrical power supply to military installations is critical 
to national security. The Committee further notes that 
renewable sources of energy can provide electricity while 
reducing long-term base operating costs. The Committee 
encourages the Secretary of Defense to support the research and 
development of renewable energy technology, such as solar 
arrays, that are resilient against extreme environmental and 
seismic conditions, electromagnetic pulse, and intentional 
disruption.

                            TRUSTED FOUNDRY

    The Committee recognizes the importance of obtaining 
microelectronics from trusted suppliers. The Committee 
continues to urge the Secretary of Defense to facilitate and 
encourage competition in the fabrication of microelectronic 
devices when two or more participants in the Trusted Foundry 
Program can provide such devices and to expand opportunities 
for participation in the Trusted Foundry program. Participants 
in the Trusted Foundry Program should have the opportunity to 
compete under full, open, and merit-based competition, to the 
extent practicable, for all Trusted Foundry contracts.

                          COOPERATIVE RESEARCH

    The Committee is pleased with efforts by the Service 
Secretaries to increase communication and cooperation among the 
military Services on science and technology investments. 
Coordination of the respective research agendas and investment 
plans will help reduce duplication, better leverage investments 
in areas of mutual interest, and reduce gaps in promising areas 
of technology. The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense 
to submit a report to the congressional defense committees not 
later than 120 days after the enactment of this Act which 
identifies the strategy and goals for each specific area of 
ongoing cooperative research, a five-year plan of prospective 
areas of cooperative research, and an estimate of amounts and 
sources of funding to carry out such research.

                 WOMEN AND MINORITIES IN STEM PIPELINE

    The Department of Defense faces challenges recruiting and 
retaining a workforce skilled in science, technology, 
engineering, and mathematics (STEM). While this is a nationwide 
concern, the Committee supports Department of Defense efforts 
to grow the STEM workforce pipeline, particularly for women and 
minorities. The Committee encourages the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering to continue these efforts 
by partnering with Hispanic Serving Institutions, Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities, and other Minority Serving 
Institutions on research, fellowships, internships, and 
cooperative work experiences at defense laboratories.
    Additionally, the Committee encourages the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering to collaborate with 
Hispanic Serving Institutions, Historically Black Colleges and 
Universities, and other Minority Serving Institutions to build 
a pipeline for scientists and engineers to enter the cyber 
workforce upon graduation. The Committee directs the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to submit a 
report to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees not 
later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act on 
departmental efforts to collaborate with these institutions in 
science and engineering fields.

                         LEAD-FREE ELECTRONICS

    The current commercial trend toward lead-free electronics 
may result in supply chain and procurement issues that will 
impact the Department of Defense. The Committee encourages the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to 
establish and maintain partnerships with industry and academia 
to close technical gaps and increase the capacity of the 
defense industry to produce lead-free electronics that meet 
military requirements.

               PROTECTING TROOPS FROM BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS

    The Committee recognizes the complexity of protecting 
warfighters from a full spectrum of biological threats. The 
Committee encourages the Director of the Defense Threat 
Reduction Agency to collaborate with institutions of higher 
learning on efforts to fully protect warfighters from 
biological threats.

                       FORENSIC SCIENCE WORKFORCE

    The Committee understands that the Department of Defense 
has a requirement to grow its forensics workforce. The 
Committee encourages the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering to evaluate the Department's need for 
forensic scientists and collaborate with colleges and 
universities with programs that the Department may be able to 
leverage.

                   MILITARY LANGUAGE FLAGSHIP PROGRAM

    The Committee recognizes that the National Security 
Education Program provides training for servicemembers and 
civilians in languages and cultures critical to national 
security. The Committee encourages the Secretary of Defense to 
continue supporting programs that ensure warfighters receive 
the language and culture training needed to effectively 
complete missions. Additionally, the Committee directs the 
Secretary of Defense to submit a report to the congressional 
defense committees not later than 120 days after the enactment 
of this Act which provides the percentage of strategic language 
billets filled with level three foreign language speakers and 
identifies additional resources that may be required to address 
existing shortfalls in this skillset.

                  INTEGRATED POWER AND THERMAL SYSTEMS

    The Committee recognizes the importance of emergent 
capabilities in the field of directed energy weapons and 
acknowledges that a modular and scalable integrated power and 
thermal system capable of powering a directed energy weapon 
system of 100 or more kilowatts would provide an enhanced 
capability. The Committee encourages the Under Secretary of 
Defense for Research and Engineering to review requirements for 
an integrated power and thermal system.

         DISTRIBUTED LEDGER TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

    The Committee is aware that distributed ledger 
technologies, such as blockchain, may have potentially useful 
applications for the Department of Defense, which include but 
are not limited to distributed computing, cyber security, 
logistics, and auditing. Therefore, the Committee encourages 
the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering to 
consider research and development to explore the use of 
distributed ledger technologies for defense applications.

                   NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION BASE

    The Committee supports the contributions by the Department 
of Defense Basic Research Office to the national security 
innovation base. The Committee encourages the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering to continue these 
efforts, and expand connections between the Department of 
Defense, industry, and academia to provide a strong base for 
research of warfighting technologies.

             ADVANCED STRUCTURAL MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGIES

    The Committee supports additional development on advanced 
additive manufacturing technologies utilizing cold spray to 
accelerate the delivery of technical capabilities to 
warfighters and expeditiously advance technologies. The 
Committee encourages the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering to consider the potential benefits of 
cold spray in operational and modernization efforts.

             AUTONOMOUS DISTRIBUTION FOR CRITICAL SUPPLIES

    The Committee is aware that the 2015 Joint Concept for 
Logistics 2.0 noted that the tension between increasingly 
demanding logistics requirements and constrained and degraded 
logistics resources within the context of globally integrated 
operations creates a dilemma that will be the essential 
challenge joint logistics will have to overcome for the 
foreseeable future. The Committee also is aware that the 
Defense Innovation Unit, through the Army Contracting Command, 
has been prototyping commercial, autonomous drone services to 
deliver critical supplies, such as life-saving blood and 
medical products, to military members in combat. The Committee 
supports the continued development and expansion of autonomous 
distribution systems for these efforts in real-world operations 
to move faster, reduce costs, and ultimately save lives.

                OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION, DEFENSE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $381,009,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       221,200,000
Committee recommendation..............................       221,200,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $221,200,000 
for Operational Test and Evaluation, Defense which will provide 
the following program in fiscal year 2020:

                EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Change from
                                     Budget      Committee      Request
                                    Request     Recommended
------------------------------------------------------------------------
OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION.       93,291        93,291            0
LIVE FIRE TESTING...............       69,172        69,172            0
OPERATIONAL TEST ACTIVITIES AND        58,737        58,737            0
 ANALYSIS.......................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, OPERATIONAL TEST &         221,200       221,200            0
     EVALUATION, DEFENSE........
------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                TITLE V

                     REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS

                     DEFENSE WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS

 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................    $1,641,115,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................     1,226,211,000
Committee recommendation..............................     1,226,211,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,226,211,000 
for the Defense Working Capital Funds accounts which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:

                EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                        [In thousands of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             Change from
                                     Budget      Committee      Request
                                    Request     Recommended
------------------------------------------------------------------------
WORKING CAPITAL FUND, ARMY......       89,597        89,597            0
WORKING CAPITAL FUND, AIR FORCE.       92,499        92,499            0
WORKING CAPITAL FUND, DEFENSE-         49,085        49,085            0
 WIDE...........................
DEFENSE WORKING CAPITAL FUND,         995,030       995,030            0
 DECA...........................
------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, DEFENSE WORKING          1,226,211     1,226,211            0
     CAPITAL FUNDS..............
------------------------------------------------------------------------

  DEFENSE COUNTERINTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY AGENCY WORKING CAPITAL FUND


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................            $- - -
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       200,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       200,000,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $200,000,000 
for the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency Working 
Capital Fund.

                                TITLE VI

                  OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS

                         DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM

 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................   $34,007,519,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................    32,998,687,000
Committee recommendation..............................    33,476,039,000
Change from budget request............................      +477,352,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of 
$33,476,039,000 for the Defense Health Program which will 
provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:


         REPROGRAMMING GUIDANCE FOR THE DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM

    The Committee includes a provision which caps the funds 
available for Private Sector Care under the TRICARE program 
subject to prior approval reprogramming procedures. The 
provision and accompanying report language should not be 
interpreted as limiting the amount of funds that may be 
transferred to the In-House Care budget sub-activity from other 
budget sub-activities within the Defense Health Program. In 
addition, funding for the In-House Care budget sub-activity 
continues to be designated as a congressional special interest 
item. Any transfer of funds from the In-House Care budget sub-
activity into the Private Sector Care budget sub-activity or 
any other budget sub-activity requires the Secretary of Defense 
to follow prior approval reprogramming procedures for operation 
and maintenance funds.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to provide 
written notification to the congressional defense committees of 
cumulative transfers in excess of $10,000,000 out of the 
Private Sector Care budget sub-activity not later than fifteen 
days after such a transfer. Furthermore, the Committee directs 
the Secretary of Defense to provide a report to the 
congressional defense committees not later than 30 days after 
the enactment of this Act that delineates transfers of funds, 
and the dates any transfers occurred, from the Private Sector 
Care budget sub-activity to any other budget sub-activity.
    The Committee further directs the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to provide quarterly reports to the 
congressional defense committees on budget execution data for 
all of the Defense Health Program budget activities and to 
adequately reflect changes to the budget activities requested 
by the Services in future budget submissions. These reports 
should also be provided to the Government Accountability 
Office.

                               CARRYOVER

    For fiscal year 2020, the Committee recommends one percent 
carryover authority for the operation and maintenance account 
of the Defense Health Program. The Committee directs the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to submit a 
detailed spending plan for any fiscal year 2019 designated 
carryover funds to the congressional defense committees not 
less than 30 days prior to executing the carryover funds.

                 PEER-REVIEWED CANCER RESEARCH PROGRAMS

    The Committee recommends $150,000,000 for the peer-reviewed 
breast cancer research program, $110,000,000 for the peer-
reviewed prostate cancer research program, $35,000,000 for the 
peer-reviewed ovarian cancer research program, $30,000,000 for 
the peer-reviewed kidney cancer research program, $14,000,000 
for the peer-reviewed lung cancer research program, $10,000,000 
for the peer-reviewed melanoma cancer research program, 
$4,000,000 for the peer-reviewed pancreatic cancer research 
program, and $100,000,000 for the peer-reviewed cancer research 
program that would research cancers not addressed in the 
aforementioned programs currently executed by the Department of 
Defense.
    The funds provided in the peer-reviewed cancer research 
program are directed to be used to conduct research in the 
following areas: bladder cancer, blood cancers, brain cancer, 
colorectal cancer, esophageal cancer, liver cancer, lymphoma, 
skin cancers, mesothelioma, rare cancers, stomach cancer, and 
cancer in children, adolescents, and young adults.
    The funds provided under the peer-reviewed cancer research 
program shall be used only for the purposes listed above. The 
Committee directs the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs to provide a report not later than 180 days after the 
enactment of this Act to the congressional defense committees 
on the status of the peer-reviewed cancer research program. For 
each research area, the report shall include the funding amount 
awarded, the progress of the research, and the relevance of the 
research to servicemembers and their families.
    The Committee commends the Department of Defense for 
ensuring that projects funded through the various peer-reviewed 
cancer research programs maintain a focus on issues of 
significance to military populations and the warfighter. This 
includes promoting collaborative research proposals between 
Department of Defense researchers and non-military research 
institutions. These collaborations leverage the knowledge, 
infrastructure and access to clinical populations that the 
partners bring to the research effort. Additionally, promoting 
these collaborations provides a valuable recruitment and 
retention incentive for military medical and research 
personnel. The Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to continue to emphasize the 
importance of these collaborations between military and non-
military researchers throughout the peer review process.

               JOINT WARFIGHTER MEDICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM

    The Committee recommendation includes $40,000,000 for the 
continuation of the joint warfighter medical research program. 
The funding shall be used to augment and accelerate high 
priority Department of Defense and Service medical requirements 
and to continue prior year initiatives that are close to 
achieving their objectives and yielding a benefit to military 
medicine. The funding shall not be used for new projects nor 
for basic research, and it shall be awarded at the discretion 
of the Secretary of Defense following a review of medical 
research and development gaps as well as unfinanced medical 
requirements of the Services. Further, the Committee directs 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to submit 
a report not later than 180 days after the enactment of this 
Act to the congressional defense committees that lists the 
projects that receive funding. The report should include the 
funding amount awarded to each project, a thorough description 
of each project's research, and the benefit the research will 
provide to the Department of Defense.

               COMBAT READINESS MEDICAL RESEARCH PROGRAM

    The Committee recommendation includes $10,000,000 for the 
Combat Readiness Medical Research program. The program should 
focus on medical needs of the warfighter on the battlefield. 
Research should address the ``golden hour'' for servicemembers 
with life threatening injuries, battlefield diagnostics, and 
medical threats and treatments for warfighters deployed around 
the world.
    The Committee expects the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
for Health Affairs to identify current gaps in medical planning 
and resources, consider medical capabilities that may mitigate 
fatalities, enhance battlefield diagnostics, and find solutions 
for life threatening complications after battlefield injury.
    The funding in the Combat Readiness Medical Research 
program should be used for research and development of freeze-
dried plasma and platelets; rapidly deployable, all-in-one 
acute and chronic wound care therapy engineered to address 
complex trauma and start tissue regeneration; repairing or 
restoring damaged or missing genitourinary organs and tissue; 
portable neurological devices in support of mild traumatic 
brain injury assessment; prevention of Enterotoxigenic 
Escherichia coli diarrheal disease; inflammatory bowel disease; 
myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome; sleep 
disorders; telemedicine; and infectious diseases.

                       ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS

    The Committee continues to support the efforts that the 
Department of Defense and the Department of Veterans Affairs 
are undertaking with regard to electronic health records and 
the health record system. It is the Committee's ongoing 
expectation that the Departments' electronic health record 
systems must be completely and meaningfully interoperable with 
seamless compatibility. The Committee is encouraged that the 
Department of Veterans Affairs has decided to adopt the same 
electronic health record system as the Department of Defense; 
however, the Committee remains frustrated over the amount of 
time it will take before both Departments' systems are fully 
deployed to all military treatment facilities and Department of 
Veterans Affairs medical facilities.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to 
expeditiously implement the Electronic Health Record 
Modernization Joint Commitment, which includes the prompt 
establishment of an accountable and coordinated decision making 
and oversight entity. The Committee understands that the 
Department, in coordination with the Department of Veterans 
Affairs, continues its organizational process for the 
Interagency Program Office (IPO). The Committee is concerned 
that the Director of the IPO is currently planned to be 
subordinate to both the Deputy Secretary of Defense and the 
Deputy Secretary of Veterans Affairs and does not have a 
singular supervisory entity. The Committee is concerned that 
the proposed structure could present challenges with decision 
making and accountability. Therefore, the Committee directs the 
Secretary of Defense to work with the Secretary of Veterans 
Affairs to develop a reporting structure that ensures the 
Director of the IPO has a single supervisory entity.
    The Committee also acknowledges that one of the determining 
factors in the timeline for the deployment of the electronic 
health record is the need to improve informational technology 
and related infrastructure at military medical treatment 
facilities. Therefore, the Committee directs the Secretary of 
Defense to submit a report to the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after the 
enactment of this Act on the total cost of the installation of 
all remaining information technology and related infrastructure 
required to complete the deployment of the electronic health 
record, and the timeline to complete this installation.
    Lastly, it should be noted that the Committee 
recommendation includes legislative language directing the 
Secretary of Defense to provide quarterly reports to the House 
and Senate Appropriations Committees on the status of the 
deployment of the electronic health record. These reports shall 
include the cost and schedule of the program, to include 
milestones, knowledge points, and acquisition timelines, as 
well as quarterly obligation reports. It is expected that the 
House and Senate Appropriations Committees continue to receive 
briefings on a quarterly basis, coinciding with the report 
submission. Also, the recommendation includes legislative 
language requiring the Secretary to notify the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees on any delays to the proposed 
timeline for deployment. Finally, legislative language is 
included directing the Comptroller General to continue 
quarterly performance reviews of the deployment of MHS GENESIS 
so that the Committee can further monitor implementation of the 
system and whether it is meeting predicted cost assumptions.

                 MILITARY HEALTH SYSTEM TRANSFORMATION

    The Committee is concerned with the implementation of 
medical reforms mandated by the National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2017. The reforms represent the most 
significant changes to the Military Health System in decades, 
and the Committee believes it is critical to implement the 
reforms in such a way that minimizes risk for servicemembers 
and beneficiaries.
    Prior to implementation, both medical readiness and 
healthcare benefits were intertwined, managed by the Service 
Surgeons General. Under that model, there was no separation 
between benefits and readiness and the Services had a holistic 
picture in treating servicemembers and their families. 
Additionally, funding for both efforts was intertwined. As 
reforms are now implemented, the medical readiness of the 
servicemember will be split from the healthcare benefit. The 
Services will be responsible for medical readiness while the 
Defense Health Agency (DHA) will manage the healthcare benefit. 
Ultimately, military treatment facilities in some locations may 
be downsized, closed, or healthcare services reduced; remaining 
military treatment facilities will be administered by the 
Director of DHA; and fewer military medical providers in non-
combat critical specialties will be required. Important 
questions remain about each aspect of the implementation, and 
the Committee has been unsatisfied with the Department's 
inadequate responses.
    The impact of these changes on servicemembers and their 
families is extremely important. It is unclear whether 
readiness levels or benefits will be negatively affected. For 
example, access to mental health care is crucial for both 
servicemembers and their families. The Committee recognizes 
that there is a nationwide shortage of mental health care 
professionals and yet the Committee has not seen a plan from 
DHA on how this field or others will be categorized and 
accounted for in the Services, the DHA, or both, leaving the 
Committee with doubts that these critical health care services 
will be satisfactorily available.
    To start accounting for the funding and details related to 
medical readiness and healthcare benefits, the Committee 
directs the Secretary of Defense, in coordination with the 
Service Secretaries and Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Health Affairs, to submit separate annual budget justification 
materials for readiness related care and healthcare benefits 
beginning with the fiscal year 2021 budget submission.

                DESCOPING MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES

    The Committee understands that the Department of Defense 
expects to submit the ``Section 703 Report to Congress'' in the 
summer of 2019. It is anticipated that this report will detail 
changes to military treatment facilities, and in some cases may 
recommend closure or elimination of certain healthcare 
services. Prior to the obligation of funds in fiscal year 2020 
to close or descope any military treatment facilities, the 
Committee directs the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs, in coordination with the Director of the Defense 
Health Agency and the Service Surgeons General, to brief the 
congressional defense committees on how all decisions were 
informed. The briefing should include a detailed description of 
the market analysis conducted, cost implications, timeline, 
impact on providers, and benefits or risks to the served 
population.

                     REDUCTION OF MILITARY BILLETS

    The fiscal year 2020 budget request represents the most 
significant review of military medical end strength since 
fiscal year 2003. The request includes a proposal to realign or 
eliminate almost 18,000 military medical billets in fiscal year 
2020. While the eliminated medical billets would transfer back 
to the Services for lethality purposes in fiscal year 2020, 
actual implementation of the strength reductions will be 
accomplished through attrition in subsequent years.
    The Committee is dissatisfied that the reductions were not 
appropriately captured in the budget request materials by 
showing all billets being reduced in fiscal year 2020 as 
opposed to a phased reduction. The Committee is displeased that 
medical readiness appears to have been the only consideration 
when such decisions were made, that key leaders across the 
Department are either unable or unprepared to articulate a 
comprehensive plan, and that these reductions will have major 
ramifications throughout the Military Health System. The 
Department has not adequately justified this request or 
provided a detailed mitigation plan that would not result in 
lowered availability of care for beneficiaries.
    While the Committee is concerned with the number of medical 
positions being eliminated and the premise of the analysis used 
to justify the reductions, the Committee also acknowledges that 
there are thousands of currently unfilled medical billets, 
which will be first reduced in fiscal year 2020. The fiscal 
year 2020 budget request includes an increase of $250,000,000 
in In-House Care to mitigate potential access to care issues 
caused by the reduction of military providers. Responses to 
Committee questions on risk and access issues have failed to 
explain the impact of these reductions. In fact, the 
Department's analysis on impacts to readiness, patient safety, 
access to care, and cost will not be completed until late 
summer or early fall 2019. This, coupled with the number of 
currently unfilled billets that can be shed with no cost, has 
led to the Committee recommendation to deny the requested 
increase of $250,000,000. The Committee remains willing to 
continue the dialogue on required funding once analysis has 
been completed. As the fiscal year 2020 request for funding is 
expected to be the first increment of larger budget requests 
over the future years defense program to allay potential 
problems, the Committee fully expects the fiscal year 2021 
budget justification will provide details required for proper 
congressional oversight.

   TRANSITIONING MILITARY TREATMENT FACILITIES TO THE DEFENSE HEALTH 
                                 AGENCY

    In October 2018, the first group of military treatment 
facilities transitioned control from the Services to the 
Defense Health Agency (DHA). As additional treatment facilities 
are scheduled to transition in October 2019, the Committee 
encourages the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs, in coordination with the Director of DHA and the 
Service Surgeons General, to ensure that the DHA is prepared to 
assume management and administration responsibilities of the 
treatment facilities prior to the next transition. The 
Committee directs the Comptroller General to submit a report to 
the congressional defense committees not later than 90 days 
after the enactment of this Act on the transition of the 
military treatment facilities to the DHA. The report should 
include a review of functions at facilities that have already 
transitioned, including DHA's role, management or 
administration support that the Services are providing and a 
timeline for that support to cease; cost implications of the 
transition; the current and planned DHA staffing model; and how 
the DHA will ensure that the Services' medical requirements are 
accounted for.

                       METASTATIC CANCER RESEARCH

    Metastatic cancer is cancer that has spread from its 
original location to another place in the body, representing 
what is known as stage III and stage IV cancer diagnoses. While 
recent research has revealed that there is a genetic basis for 
susceptibility or resistance to metastasis, more research is 
needed to develop a comprehensive understanding of this complex 
process. The Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to implement the recommendations 
provided by the Department of Defense task force on metastatic 
cancer to make significant progress fighting cancer and saving 
lives.

        COLLABORATION WITH MINORITY SERVING HEALTH INSTITUTIONS

    The Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
for Health Affairs to work collaboratively in the health 
research field with Hispanic Serving Institutions, Historically 
Black Colleges and Universities, and other Minority Serving 
Institutions. The Committee directs the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to submit a report to the House and 
Senate Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act on the Department's efforts to 
collaborate with these institutions in the health research 
field.

                        CREATIVE ARTS THERAPIES

    The Committee recognizes that the use of creative arts 
therapies shows potential in treating servicemembers with 
traumatic brain injuries and psychological health conditions. 
The Committee supports Department of Defense efforts to include 
creative arts therapies as part of an interdisciplinary 
treatment model. The Committee encourages the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to continue creative 
arts therapies programs at the National Intrepid Centers, and 
to continue collaborations with the National Endowment for the 
Arts Creative Forces.
    The Committee further directs the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to submit a report to the House and 
Senate Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act on the funding provided by the 
Department of Defense for creative arts therapies at the 
National Intrepid Centers and the available options, along with 
associated funding requirements, for expanding the use of such 
therapies.

                        DIET AND FORCE READINESS

    The diet of military personnel can impact their health and 
physical readiness and can contribute to how quickly they are 
able to return to service after an injury. The Committee 
encourages the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health 
Affairs to conduct research on diet and dietary restrictions as 
it relates to force readiness and the physical capabilities and 
rehabilitation of servicemembers.

                 UNIVERSITY AFFILIATED RESEARCH CENTERS

    The Committee notes the important relationship between the 
Department of Defense and Department-sponsored University 
Affiliated Research Center (UARC) laboratories in providing 
critical science, technology, and engineering research that 
supports the warfighter. The Committee encourages the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to establish a UARC to 
focus on the unique challenges wounded servicemembers 
experience. Emphasis should be placed on research that reduces 
dependency on opioids, develops novel pain management and 
mental health strategies, and leverages partnerships with 
industry and medical device manufacturers to advance promising 
technologies for wounded servicemembers.

                 ADVANCED ORTHOPEDIC SURGICAL TRAINING

    The Committee understands that servicemembers and their 
families regularly undergo orthopedic procedures and that these 
types of musculoskeletal injuries account for a significant 
amount of medical separations or retirements from military 
service. Delivery of direct training based on best practices 
related to orthopedic procedures for injuries to the knee, 
shoulder, and other extremities has become an increasingly 
important readiness issue.
    The Committee directs the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
for Health Affairs to submit a report to the House and Senate 
Appropriations Committees not later than 90 days after the 
enactment of this Act on the Department's efforts to ensure 
that military orthopedic health professionals are provided with 
opportunities for advanced surgical training in arthroscopic 
techniques. The Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to explore partnerships with medical 
professional societies that maintain best practices related to 
arthroscopic surgery and techniques.

                              VALLEY FEVER

    Coccidioidomycosis, also known as Valley Fever, is a fungal 
disease that is contracted by inhaling the spores of a fungus 
found in the soil endemic to the American southwest and other 
parts of the world. The Committee is concerned about the 
impacts on readiness that Valley Fever poses to servicemembers 
stationed at military installations in the southwest. 
Therefore, the Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of 
Defense for Health Affairs to research coccidioidomycosis, its 
effects on military personnel, and ways the Department of 
Defense can limit exposure for servicemembers.

                         TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

    The Committee recognizes recent efforts by the Department 
of Defense to leverage partnerships with academia and the 
private sector to understand and improve prevention and 
treatment of traumatic brain injuries to servicemembers. The 
Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Health Affairs to continue to leverage partnerships with 
academia and the private sector to support further studies of 
traumatic brain injuries to gain a deeper understanding of 
concussive injuries including how they impact the brain, how 
and to what extent the brain recovers, and how prevention and 
treatment methods may be improved.

                        MENTAL HEALTH PROVIDERS

    The Committee supports the Department's continuing efforts 
to ensure that servicemembers have access to high quality 
mental health services and providers. In order to ensure that 
the Department continues to have full access to qualified 
clinical psychologists, the Committee encourages the Assistant 
Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to review regulations 
regarding employment of clinical psychologists who graduate 
from schools accredited by the Psychological Clinical Science 
Accreditation System.

   THE CANCER CENTER AT WALTER REED NATIONAL MILITARY MEDICAL CENTER

    The Committee recognizes that close cooperation between The 
John P. Murtha Cancer Center at Walter Reed National Military 
Medical Center and the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Health Affairs has fostered the partnership between the Murtha 
Cancer Center and the Oncology Research Information Exchange 
Network. The Murtha Cancer Center is the only center of 
excellence for cancer care in the military health system. This 
partnership allows the Murtha Cancer Center to collaborate in 
cancer research with several academic cancer centers that all 
use a single protocol for long-term health surveillance of 
cancer patients to correlate patterns in cancer incidence, 
treatment response, and survivorship with genetic information, 
demographic data, and other factors. The Committee commends the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs for assisting 
the Murtha Cancer Center in this partnership and encourages 
increased support to allow for continued expansion of this 
effort to deliver enhanced cancer treatment for all 
servicemembers and their families.

           SEXUAL ASSAULT AND POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

    The Committee believes that providing servicemembers access 
to outpatient programs designed to treat individuals suffering 
from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) resulting from 
sexual assault trauma could improve outcomes received for 
military sexual assault survivors experiencing PTSD. The 
Committee encourages the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Health Affairs to collaborate with research institutions 
currently investigating treatment strategies for PTSD resulting 
from sexual trauma.

                      HEARING CENTER OF EXCELLENCE

    The Committee is concerned that the current formatting of 
records in the Department of Defense's Hearing Center of 
Excellence Joint Hearing Loss and Auditory System Injury 
Registry (JHASIR) hinders partnerships with the Department of 
Veterans Affairs, institutions of higher education, and other 
public and private entities. The Committee directs the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs to review the 
feasibility of the digital transformation of audiograms, legacy 
records, and other data maintained in the JHASIR, and to submit 
a report on the review to the congressional defense committees 
not later than 90 days after the enactment of this Act.

           CHEMICAL AGENTS AND MUNITIONS DESTRUCTION, DEFENSE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $993,816,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       985,499,000
Committee recommendation..............................       985,499,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $985,499,000 
for Chemical Agents and Munitions Destruction, Defense which 
will provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE..........................................      107,351         107,351               0
PROCUREMENT........................................................        2,218           2,218               0
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION.........................      875,930         875,930               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, CHEMICAL AGENTS AND MUNITIONS DESTRUCTION, DEFENSE......      985,499         985,499               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

         DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $881,525,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       799,402,000
Committee recommendation..............................       816,755,000
Change from budget request............................       +17,353,000
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $816,755,000 
for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities, Defense 
which will provide the following program in fiscal year 2020:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
COUNTER-NARCOTICS SUPPORT..........................................      581,739         517,171         -64,568
    Transfer to National Guard Counter-Drug Program................                      -30,921
    Program decrease...............................................                      -33,647
DRUG DEMAND REDUCTION PROGRAM......................................      120,922         121,922           1,000
    Program increase--young Marines drug demand reduction..........                        1,000
NATIONAL GUARD COUNTER-DRUG PROGRAM................................       91,370         172,291          80,921
    Transfer from Counter-narcotics Support........................                       30,921
    Program increase...............................................                       50,000
NATIONAL GUARD COUNTER-DRUG SCHOOLS................................        5,371           5,371               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE..      799,402         816,755          17,353
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

             DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES

    The Committee recommendation includes $517,171,000 for 
Counter-Narcotics Support, the same as the fiscal year 2019 
enacted level.
    The Committee recommendation includes $121,922,000 for the 
Drug Demand Reduction Program, including requested funding to 
add fentanyl to the list of drugs tested under this program.
    The Committee recognizes the important role of the National 
Guard Counter-Drug program in assisting local and state 
agencies in addressing national drug-related challenges. The 
Committee encourages the administrators of the National Guard 
Counter-Drug program to continue their close coordination with 
communities, regions, and other organizations to help alleviate 
the national drug crisis.
    The fiscal year 2020 request includes no funding, and the 
Committee recommendation includes no funding, to construct a 
border wall or fence (or any portion thereof) along the 
southern land border of the United States.

                    OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL


 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $329,273,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       363,499,000
Committee recommendation..............................       363,499,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $363,499,000 
for the Office of the Inspector General which will provide the 
following program in fiscal year 2020:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE..........................................      360,201         360,201               0
PROCUREMENT........................................................          333             333               0
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION.........................        2,965           2,965               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    TOTAL, OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL.........................      363,499         363,499               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                               TITLE VII

                            RELATED AGENCIES

              NATIONAL AND MILITARY INTELLIGENCE PROGRAMS

    The National Intelligence Program and the Military 
Intelligence Program budgets funded in the Department of 
Defense Appropriations Act consist primarily of resources for 
the Director of National Intelligence, including the 
Intelligence Community Management staff, the Central 
Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Defense Intelligence Agency, the 
National Reconnaissance Office, the National Security Agency, 
the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the intelligence 
services of the Departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force, 
and the CIA Retirement and Disability fund.

                            CLASSIFIED ANNEX

    Adjustments to classified programs are addressed in a 
separate, detailed, and comprehensive classified annex. The 
Intelligence Community, the Department of Defense, and other 
organizations are expected to fully comply with the 
recommendations and directions in the classified annex 
accompanying the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 
2020.

   CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY RETIREMENT AND DISABILITY SYSTEM FUND

 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $514,000,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       514,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       514,000,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    This appropriation provides payments of benefits to 
qualified beneficiaries in accordance with the Central 
Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 for Certain 
Employees (P.L. 88-643), as amended by Public Law 94-522. This 
statute authorized the establishment of the CIA Retirement and 
Disability System for certain employees and authorized the 
establishment and maintenance of a fund from which benefits 
would be paid to those beneficiaries.
    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $514,000,000 
for the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability 
System Fund. This is a mandatory account.

               INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY MANAGEMENT ACCOUNT

 
 
 
Fiscal year 2019 appropriation........................      $522,424,000
Fiscal year 2020 budget request.......................       558,000,000
Committee recommendation..............................       558,000,000
Change from budget request............................             - - -
 

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $558,000,000 
for the Intelligence Community Management Account.

                         CREDIBILITY ASSESSMENT

    The Committee remains concerned about the costs, 
complexity, and timeliness of the current security clearance 
process across the federal government. The National Center for 
Credibility Assessment (NCCA) has been exploring less expensive 
technologies and methods that may help target which individuals 
require a polygraph. These technologies require rigorous 
testing to evaluate their relative utility compared to the 
polygraph. In fiscal year 2019, the Committee directed the 
Director of National Intelligence (DNI), acting as the federal 
government's Security Executive Agent, and the NCCA, to provide 
a report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
90 days after the enactment of the Act on the effectiveness of 
alternative technologies to the polygraph credibility. The 
Committee is disappointed that the report remains outstanding 
and directs the DNI, in coordination with the Under Secretary 
of Defense for Intelligence, to submit it as soon as 
practicable.

                               TITLE VIII

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Title VIII of the accompanying bill includes 127 general 
provisions. A brief description of each provision follows.
    Section 8001 provides that no funds made available in this 
Act may be used for publicity or propaganda purposes not 
authorized by Congress.
    Section 8002 provides for conditions and limitations on the 
payment of compensation to, or employment of, foreign 
nationals.
    Section 8003 provides that no funds made available in this 
Act may be obligated beyond the end of the fiscal year unless 
expressly provided for a greater period of availability 
elsewhere in the Act.
    Section 8004 limits the obligation of certain funds 
provided in this Act during the last two months of the fiscal 
year.
    Section 8005 has been amended and provides for the general 
transfer authority of funds to other military functions.
    Section 8006 provides that the tables titled ``Explanation 
of Project Level Adjustments'' in the Committee report and 
classified annex shall be carried out in the manner provided by 
the tables to the same extent as if the tables were included in 
the text of this Act.
    Section 8007 has been amended and provides for the 
establishment of a baseline for application of reprogramming 
and transfer authorities for the current fiscal year.
    Section 8008 provides for limitations on the use of 
transfer authority of working capital fund cash balances.
    Section 8009 provides that none of the funds appropriated 
in this Act may be used to initiate a special access program 
without prior notification to the congressional defense 
committees.
    Section 8010 has been amended and provides limitations and 
conditions on the use of funds made available in this Act to 
initiate multiyear procurement contracts.
    Section 8011 provides for the use and obligation of funds 
for humanitarian and civic assistance costs.
    Section 8012 has been amended and provides that civilian 
personnel of the Department of Defense may not be managed on 
the basis of end strength or be subject to end strength 
limitations.
    Section 8013 prohibits funding from being used to influence 
congressional action on any matters pending before the 
Congress.
    Section 8014 prohibits compensation from being paid to any 
member of the Army who is participating as a full-time student 
and who receives benefits from the Education Benefits Fund when 
time spent as a full-time student is counted toward that 
member's service commitment.
    Section 8015 provides for the transfer of funds 
appropriated in title III of this Act for the Department of 
Defense Pilot Mentor-Protege Program.
    Section 8016 provides for the Department of Defense to 
purchase anchor and mooring chains manufactured only in the 
United States.
    Section 8017 provides that no funds made available in this 
Act shall be used for the support of any nonappropriated funds 
activity of the Department of Defense that procures malt 
beverages and wine.
    Section 8018 prohibits funds made available to the 
Department of Defense from being used to demilitarize or 
dispose of certain surplus firearms and small arms ammunition 
or ammunition components.
    Section 8019 provides a limitation on funds being used for 
the relocation of any Department of Defense entity into or 
within the National Capital Region.
    Section 8020 provides for incentive payments authorized by 
section 504 of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 (25 U.S.C. 
1544).
    Section 8021 provides that no funding for the Defense Media 
Activity may be used for national or international political or 
psychological activities.
    Section 8022 provides for the obligation of funds for 
purposes specified in section 2350j(c) of title 10, United 
States Code, in anticipation of receipt of contributions from 
the Government of Kuwait.
    Section 8023 has been amended and provides funding for the 
Civil Air Patrol Corporation.
    Section 8024 has been amended and prohibits funding from 
being used to establish new Department of Defense Federally 
Funded Research and Development Centers (FFRDC), with certain 
limitations and increases funding provided for FFRDCs.
    Section 8025 provides for the Department of Defense to 
procure carbon, alloy, or armor steel plate melted and rolled 
only in the United States and Canada.
    Section 8026 defines the congressional defense committees 
as the Armed Services Committees of the House and Senate and 
the Subcommittees on Defense of the Committees on 
Appropriations of the House and Senate.
    Section 8027 provides for competitions between private 
firms and Department of Defense depot maintenance activities.
    Section 8028 has been amended and provides for the 
revocation of blanket waivers of the Buy American Act.
    Section 8029 provides for the availability of funds 
contained in the Department of Defense Overseas Military 
Facility Investment Recovery Account.
    Section 8030 provides for the conveyance, without 
consideration, of relocatable housing units that are excess to 
the needs of the Air Force.
    Section 8031 provides authority to use operation and 
maintenance appropriations to purchase items having an 
investment item unit cost of not more than $250,000.
    Section 8032 prohibits the use of funds to disestablish, 
close, downgrade from host to extension center, or place on 
probation a Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
    Section 8033 has been amended and provides authority to use 
operation and maintenance appropriations for the Asia Pacific 
Regional Initiative Program.
    Section 8034 prohibits the sale of tobacco products in 
military resale outlets below the most competitive price in the 
local community.
    Section 8035 has been amended and prohibits the use of 
Working Capital Funds to purchase specified investment items.
    Section 8036 has been amended and provides that none of the 
funds appropriated for the Central Intelligence Agency shall 
remain available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year 
except for funds appropriated for the Reserve for 
Contingencies, the Working Capital Fund, or other programs as 
specified.
    Section 8037 provides for the availability of funds for the 
mitigation of environmental impacts on Indian lands resulting 
from Department of Defense activities.
    Section 8038 requires the Department of Defense to comply 
with the Buy American Act, chapter 83 of title 41, United 
States Code.
    Section 8039 places certain limitations on the use of funds 
made available in this Act to establish field operating 
agencies.
    Section 8040 places restrictions on converting to 
contractor performance an activity or function of the 
Department of Defense unless it meets certain guidelines 
provided.

                             (RESCISSIONS)

    Section 8041 has been amended and provides for the 
rescission of $3,043,973,000 from the following programs:

 
 
 
2012 Appropriations:
    Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy:
        DDG-51 Destroyer..............................       $86,000,000
2013 Appropriations:
    Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy:
        LCAC SLEP.....................................         2,000,000
2018 Appropriations:
    Missile Procurement, Army:
        Indirect fire protection capability...........        14,056,000
    Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat
     Vehicles, Army:
        Paladin integrated management.................        97,000,000
    Other Procurement, Army:
        Area mine detection system....................         5,000,000
        Tractor Yard..................................         5,685,000
    Aircraft Procurement, Navy:
        F/A-18 E/F....................................        92,000,000
        C-40..........................................        34,079,000
    Other Procurement, Navy:
        LCS class support equipment...................        24,977,000
        LPD class support equipment...................         9,110,000
    Procurement, Marine Corps:
        AAV7A1 PIP....................................         9,046,000
    Aircraft Procurement, Air Force:
        KC-46A tanker.................................        76,000,000
        KC-46 modifications...........................         1,200,000
        C-130J modifications..........................        83,000,000
    Other Procurement, Air Force:
        AFNET (ARAD)..................................        26,000,000
2019 Appropriations:
    Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide:
        Defense Security Cooperation Account..........        21,314,000
    Aircraft Procurement, Army:
        Apache new build..............................        58,600,000
    Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat
     Vehicles, Army:
        Bradley program...............................        87,567,000
    Other Procurement, Army:
        Embedded crypto mod...........................         3,520,000
        Area mine detection system....................         5,797,000
        Tractor Yard..................................         4,956,000
        Joint effects training system.................        60,900,000
    Aircraft Procurement, Navy:
        F/A-18 E/F....................................       236,000,000
        Joint Strike Fighter STOVL AP.................       114,246,000
        CH-53K (Heavy Lift) AP........................        53,693,000
        F-18 series...................................        36,974,000
        H-1 series....................................         9,250,000
        T-45 series...................................        10,520,000
        V-22 (tilt/rotor acft) Osprey.................        24,314,000
        MQ-4 series...................................        16,619,000
    Weapons Procurement, Navy:
        5/54'' ammunition.............................        22,000,000
    Other Procurement, Navy:
        LCS class support equipment...................        10,351,000
        CANES.........................................        23,313,000
        Unmanned carrier aviation mission control             11,300,000
         station......................................
    Procurement, Marine Corps:
        AAV7A1 PIP....................................        74,456,000
    Aircraft Procurement, Air Force:
        KC-46A tanker.................................        52,000,000
        KC-46 modifications...........................         8,500,000
        Initial spares (KC-135).......................         2,200,000
        C-17 (RHUD)...................................        30,000,000
        F-15C EPAWSS..................................        67,200,000
        F-15 modifications............................       124,000,000
        F-16 modifications (AIFF mode 5)..............        36,000,000
        A-10..........................................         4,800,000
        F-22 depot activation.........................        30,000,000
        MQ-9 spares...................................        89,000,000
        B-52 modifications............................        40,700,000
        MC-130J AP....................................        56,000,000
        Other aircraft (BACN).........................        15,000,000
        Aerial targets................................        48,000,000
        Other aircraft (EW pod).......................        25,900,000
    Missile Procurement, Air Force:
        MMIII modifications...........................        39,100,000
        MMIII support equipment.......................        13,900,000
        Hellfire......................................        23,000,000
    Space Procurement, Air Force:
        Evolved expendable launch vehicle (SPACE).....       169,000,000
        Evolved expendable launch capability..........        45,509,000
    Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force:
        Massive ordnance penetrator...................         3,400,000
        General purpose bombs (BLU-137)...............        71,800,000
        JDAM..........................................       149,000,000
        B61-12 TKA....................................        11,900,000
    Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Army:
        Assured PNT...................................        17,998,000
        Missile warning system modernization..........         6,776,000
        AMF joint tactical radio system...............        15,964,000
        Other missile product improvement programs....         4,450,000
        Information systems security program..........        20,745,000
    Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy:
        Advanced tactical unmanned aircraft system....         9,300,000
        V-22A.........................................        28,651,000
        Next generation jammer........................        81,000,000
        Information technology development............         6,300,000
        Assessment and evals cyber vulnerabilities....        14,640,000
        Harpoon modifications.........................         5,197,000
        Classified program............................        95,000,000
    Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Air
     Force:
        KC-135........................................         3,400,000
        MQ-9..........................................        49,800,000
        MEECN (NC3 dem/val)...........................         5,000,000
        ARM/ORD.......................................        10,000,000
        Classified program............................        61,000,000
        Classified program............................         2,000,000
 

    Section 8042 prohibits funds made available in this Act 
from being used to reduce authorized positions for military 
technicians (dual status) of the Army National Guard, Air 
National Guard, Army Reserve, and Air Force Reserve unless such 
reductions are a direct result of a reduction in military force 
structure.
    Section 8043 prohibits funding from being obligated or 
expended for assistance to the Democratic People's Republic of 
Korea unless specifically appropriated for that purpose.
    Section 8044 provides for reimbursement to the National 
Guard and reserve when members of the National Guard and 
reserve provide intelligence or counterintelligence support to 
the combatant commands, defense agencies, and joint 
intelligence activities.
    Section 8045 has been amended and prohibits the transfer of 
Department of Defense and Central Intelligence Agencies drug 
interdiction and counter-drug activity funds to other agencies.
    Section 8046 prohibits funding from being used for the 
procurement of ball and roller bearings other than those 
produced by a domestic source and of domestic origin.
    Section 8047 provides funding for Red Cross and United 
Services Organization grants.
    Section 8048 prohibits funding from being used to purchase 
supercomputers which are not manufactured in the United States.
    Section 8049 provides funds for the Small Business 
Innovation Research program and the Small Business Technology 
Transfer program.
    Section 8050 prohibits funding from being used for 
contractor bonuses being paid due to business restructuring.
    Section 8051 provides transfer authority for the pay of 
military personnel in connection with support and services for 
eligible organizations and activities outside the Department of 
Defense.
    Section 8052 provides for the Department of Defense to 
dispose of negative unliquidated or unexpended balances for 
expired or closed accounts.
    Section 8053 provides conditions for the use of equipment 
of the National Guard Distance Learning Project on a space-
available, reimbursable basis.
    Section 8054 provides funding for Sexual Assault Prevention 
and Response Programs.
    Section 8055 provides for the limitation on the use of 
funds appropriated in title IV to procure end-items for 
delivery to military forces for operational training, 
operational use or inventory requirements.
    Section 8056 provides for a waiver of ``Buy American'' 
provisions for certain cooperative programs.
    Section 8057 prohibits funding in this Act from being used 
for repairs or maintenance to military family housing units.
    Section 8058 has been amended and provides obligation 
authority for new starts for advanced concept technology 
demonstration projects only after notification to the 
congressional defense committees.
    Section 8059 provides that the Secretary of Defense shall 
provide a classified quarterly report on certain matters as 
directed in the classified annex accompanying this Act.
    Section 8060 provides for the use of National Guard 
personnel to support ground-based elements of the National 
Ballistic Missile Defense System.
    Section 8061 prohibits the use of funds made available in 
this Act to transfer to any nongovernmental entity ammunition 
held by the Department of Defense that has a center-fire 
cartridge and is designated as ``armor piercing'' except for 
demilitarization purposes.
    Section 8062 provides for a waiver by the Chief of the 
National Guard Bureau or his designee for all or part of 
consideration in cases of personal property leases of less than 
one year.
    Section 8063 has been amended and provides for the transfer 
of funds made available in this Act under Operation and 
Maintenance, Army to other activities of the federal government 
for classified purposes.
    Section 8064 prohibits funding to separate, or to 
consolidate from within, the National Intelligence Program 
budget from the Department of Defense budget.
    Section 8065 has been amended and provides grant authority 
for the construction and furnishing of additional Fisher Houses 
to meet the needs of military family members when confronted 
with the illness or hospitalization of an eligible military 
beneficiary.
    Section 8066 has been amended and prohibits the 
modification of command and control relationships to give Fleet 
Forces Command operational and administrative control of United 
States Navy forces assigned to the Pacific fleet.
    Section 8067 requires that rapid acquisition authority 
notifications be provided to the Subcommittees on Defense of 
the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives concurrently with the Committees on 
Appropriations of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
as required under section 806(c)(4) of the Bob Stump National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2003.
    Section 8068 has been amended and provides funding and 
transfer authority for the Israeli Cooperative Programs.
    Section 8069 has been amended and provides for the funding 
of prior year shipbuilding cost increases.
    Section 8070 has been amended and provides that funds made 
available in this Act for intelligence activities are deemed to 
be specifically authorized by Congress for purposes of section 
504 of the National Security Act of 1947 until the enactment of 
the Intelligence Authorization Act for the current fiscal year.
    Section 8071 has been amended and prohibits funding from 
being used to initiate a new start program without prior 
written notification.
    Section 8072 has been amended and provides that the budget 
of the President for the subsequent fiscal year shall include 
separate budget justification documents for costs of the United 
States Armed Forces' participation in contingency operations.
    Section 8073 prohibits funding from being used for the 
research, development, test, evaluation, procurement, or 
deployment of nuclear armed interceptors of a missile defense 
system.
    Section 8074 has been amended and makes funds available for 
transfer for the purposes of rapid acquisition and deployment 
of supplies and associated support services pursuant to section 
806 of the Bob Stump National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2003.
    Section 8075 prohibits funding from being used to reduce or 
disestablish the operation of the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance 
Squadron of the Air Force Reserve.
    Section 8076 prohibits funding from being used for the 
integration of foreign intelligence information unless the 
information has been lawfully collected and processed during 
conduct of authorized foreign intelligence activities.
    Section 8077 prohibits funding from being used to transfer 
program authority relating to current tactical unmanned aerial 
vehicles from the Army and requires the Army to retain 
responsibility for and operational control of the MQ-1C 
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle.
    Section 8078 has been amended and limits the availability 
of funding provided for the Office of the Director of National 
Intelligence beyond the current fiscal year, except for funds 
appropriated for research and technology, which shall remain 
available for the current and the following fiscal years.
    Section 8079 provides limitations on the Shipbuilding and 
Conversion, Navy appropriation.
    Section 8080 has been amended and provides for the 
establishment of a baseline for application of reprogramming 
and transfer authorities for the Office of the Director of 
National Intelligence for the current fiscal year.
    Section 8081 places restrictions on the transfer of funds 
for support to friendly foreign countries in connection with 
the conduct of operations in which the United States in not 
participating.
    Section 8082 has been amended and places limitations on the 
reprogramming of funds from the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.
    Section 8083 prohibits funding from being used to violate 
the Child Soldiers Prevention Act of 2008.
    Section 8084 provides for limitations on funding provided 
for the National Intelligence Program to be available for 
obligation or expenditure through a reprogramming or transfer 
of funds in accordance with section 102A(d) of the National 
Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 403-1(d)).
    Section 8085 directs the Director of National Intelligence 
to submit a future-years intelligence program reflecting 
estimated expenditures and proposed appropriations.
    Section 8086 defines the congressional intelligence 
committees as being the Permanent Select Committee on 
Intelligence of the House, the Select Committee on Intelligence 
of the Senate, and the Subcommittees on Defense of the 
Committees on Appropriations of the House and Senate.
    Section 8087 provides the authority to transfer funding 
from operation and maintenance accounts for the Army, Navy, and 
Air Force to the central fund for Fisher Houses and Suites.
    Section 8088 prohibits the use of funds for the purpose of 
making remittances to the Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.
    Section 8089 provides that any agency receiving funds made 
available in this Act shall post on a public website any report 
required to be submitted to Congress with certain exceptions.
    Section 8090 prohibits the use of funds for federal 
contracts in excess of $1,000,000 unless the contractor agrees 
not to require, as a condition of employment, that employees or 
independent contractors agree to resolve through arbitration 
any claim or tort related to, or arising out of, sexual assault 
or harassment, including assault and battery, intentional 
infliction of emotional distress, false imprisonment, or 
negligent hiring, supervision, or retention, and to certify 
that each covered subcontractor agrees to do the same.
    Section 8091 has been amended and provides funds for 
transfer to the Joint Department of Defense--Department of 
Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration Fund.
    Section 8092 prohibits the use of funds providing certain 
missile defense information to certain entities.
    Section 8093 provides for the purchase of heavy and light 
armed vehicles for the physical security of personnel or for 
force protection purposes up to a limit of $450,000 per 
vehicle.
    Section 8094 has been amended and provides the Director of 
National Intelligence with general transfer authority with 
certain limitations.
    Section 8095 prohibits funding to transfer, release, or 
assist in the transfer or release to or within the United 
States of certain detainees. This language is identical to 
language enacted in Public Law 112-74.
    Section 8096 prohibits funding to transfer any individual 
detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to a country of origin or 
other foreign country or entity unless the Secretary of Defense 
makes certain certifications. This language is similar to 
language enacted in Public Law 112-239.
    Section 8097 prohibits funding from being used to violate 
the War Powers Resolution Act.
    Section 8098 prohibits funds from being used to enter into 
a contract, memorandum of understanding, or cooperative 
agreement with, make a grant to, or provide a loan or loan 
guarantee to Rosoboronexport, except under certain conditions.
    Section 8099 prohibits the use of funds for the purchase or 
manufacture of a United States flag unless such flags are 
treated as covered items under section 2533a(b) of title 10, 
United States Code.
    Section 8100 has been amended and provides that funds may 
be used to provide ex gratia payments to local military 
commanders for damage, personal injury, or death that is 
incident to combat operations in a foreign country.
    Section 8101 directs the Secretary of Defense to post grant 
awards on a public Web site in a searchable format.
    Section 8102 places restrictions on transfer amounts 
available in the Rapid Prototyping Fund.
    Section 8103 prohibits the use of funds by the National 
Security Agency targeting United States persons under 
authorities granted in the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance 
Act.
    Section 8104 prohibits the transfer of administrative or 
budgetary resources to the jurisdiction of another Federal 
agency not financed by this Act without the express 
authorization of Congress.
    Section 8105 has been amended and provides that Operation 
and Maintenance Funds may be used for any purposes related to 
the National Defense Reserve Fleet.
    Section 8106 prohibits the use of funds to provide 
counterterrorism support to foreign partners unless the 
congressional defense committees are notified accordingly.
    Section 8107 prohibits the use of funds to contravene the 
War Powers Resolution with respect to Iraq.
    Section 8108 has been amended and prohibits the use of 
funds to award a new TAO Fleet Oiler or FFG-Frigate program 
contract for the acquisition of certain components unless those 
components are manufactured in the United States.
    Section 8109 prohibits certain transfers from the 
Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
    Section 8110 prohibits the use of funds for gaming or 
entertainment that involves nude entertainers.
    Section 8111 is amended and prohibits funds to deliver F-35 
aircraft to the Republic of Turkey.
    Section 8112 has been amended and grants the Secretary of 
Defense the authority to use funds for Office of Personnel and 
Management background investigations.
    Section 8113 prohibits the use of funding for information 
technology systems that do not have pornographic content 
filters.
    Section 8114 places certain limitations on the transfer of 
funds for the Global Engagement Center.
    Section 8115 makes funds available through the Office of 
Economic Adjustment for transfer to the Secretary of Education, 
to make grants to construct, renovate, repair, or expand 
elementary and secondary public schools on military 
installations.
    Section 8116 provides guidance on the implementation of the 
Policy for Assisted Reproductive Services for the Benefit of 
Seriously or Severely Ill/Injured Active Duty Service Members.
    Section 8117 prohibits the use of funds to provide arms, 
training, or other assistance to the Azov Battalion.
    Section 8118 places restrictions on the use of funding for 
military parades.
    Section 8119 is amended and provides for the use of funds 
to modify two F-35 Joint Strike Fighters per variant to a test 
configuration.
    Section 8120 is amended and makes funds available in the 
Defense Health Program for death gratuity payments.
    Section 8121 prohibits funds in the Act from being used to 
enter into a contract or provide a loan to any corporation that 
has any unpaid Federal tax liability.
    Section 8122 prohibits funds in the Act from being used in 
contravention of Executive Order 13175 or section 1501.2(d)(2) 
of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations.
    Section 8123 is new and provides for the availability of 
funds for certain programs through fiscal year 2024.
    Section 8124 is new and provides that any advance billing 
for background investigation services and related services 
purchased from activities financed using the Defense Working 
Capital Fund shall be excluded from the calculation of 
cumulative advance billings.
    Section 8125 is new and prohibits funds for the Space 
Development Agency and limits not more than 50 percent of funds 
for the Next Generation Overhead Persistent Infrared program 
unless certain conditions are met.
    Section 8126 is new and prohibits funds from being used to 
transfer any element of the Intelligence Community to the Space 
Force.
    Section 8127 is new and prohibits funds to construct a 
wall, fence, border barriers, or border security infrastructure 
along the southern land border of the United States.

                                TITLE IX

        OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS/GLOBAL WAR ON TERRORISM

                        COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION

    In title IX, the Committee recommends total new 
appropriations of $68,079,000,000. A detailed review of the 
Committee recommendation for programs funded in this title is 
provided in the following pages.

                         REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

    The Committee recommendation includes a number of reporting 
requirements related to contingency operations and building 
capacity efforts. The Committee directs the Secretary of 
Defense to continue to report incremental costs for all named 
operations in the Central Command area of responsibility on a 
quarterly basis and to submit, also on a quarterly basis, 
commitment, obligation, and expenditure data for the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, the Counter-Islamic State of 
Iraq and Syria Train and Equip Fund, and for all security 
cooperation programs funded under the Defense Security 
Cooperation Agency in the Operation and Maintenance, Defense-
Wide account.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
90 days after the enactment of this Act on military actions 
being conducted pursuant to Public Law 107-40.
    The Committee expects the Secretary of Defense to comply 
with section 1090 of Public Law 114-328 regarding the cost of 
wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria, and to post this 
information on the Department's public website in a timely 
manner.

                           MILITARY PERSONNEL

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$4,485,808,000 for Military Personnel. The Committee 
recommendation for each military personnel account is as 
follows:


                       OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$49,772,124,000 for Operation and Maintenance. The Committee 
recommendation for each operation and maintenance account is as 
follows:


                    AFGHANISTAN SECURITY FORCES FUND

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $4,503,978,000 
for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.
    The Committee recognizes the sacrifices made by the members 
of the Afghanistan Security Forces. The Committee is concerned, 
however, that measures designed to reduce corruption and fraud 
in the pay system have not been fully implemented. The 
Committee recommendation fully funds the request for the Afghan 
Personnel and Pay System and includes language under this 
heading prohibiting funds to support personnel who have not 
enrolled. The recommendation also supports the use of 
identification cards and biometrics to prevent fraud.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit a 
report to the congressional defense committees not later than 
90 days after the enactment of this Act on efforts to reduce 
corruption in the Afghanistan Security Forces, including 
through the use of programs and technologies funded under this 
heading.
    The Committee recommendation does not include the authority 
or requested funding to provide certain types of support for 
reconciliation activities, and section 9022 prohibits funds 
from being used to pay the expenses of any member of the 
Taliban to participate in any meeting that does not include the 
participation of members of the Government of Afghanistan or 
that restricts the participation of women. Additionally, no 
funds in this Act for assistance for Afghanistan should be made 
available for any member of the Taliban unless a peace 
agreement is reached that promotes United States national 
security interests, includes the democratically elected Afghan 
government, and protects the rights of Afghan women.

      COUNTER-ISLAMIC STATE OF IRAQ AND SYRIA TRAIN AND EQUIP FUND

    The Committee recommends an appropriation of $1,295,000,000 
for the Counter-Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) Train 
and Equip Fund.
    The Committee recognizes the gains made by the Global 
Coalition to Defeat ISIS, including operations by the Iraqi 
Security Forces and the Kurdish Peshmerga to liberate territory 
once controlled by ISIS. Nevertheless, the Committee is 
concerned by the continued threat of ISIS and the potential for 
ISIS to regenerate. In support of continued counter-ISIS 
operations and in conjunction with the central government of 
Iraq, the Department of Defense should continue to provide the 
Ministry of Peshmerga forces with the security capabilities 
necessary to help secure territory liberated from ISIS and to 
counter ISIS threats. Such support should include training, 
equipment, and operational support tailored to conditions on 
the ground. The Committee also notes that continued insecurity 
in northern Iraq has hindered the return of religious 
minorities and other groups and encourages a focus on programs 
that will increase security in these areas.
    The Committee recommends enhanced notification and 
reporting requirements for the Counter-ISIS Train and Equip 
Fund. The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to submit 
a spend plan to the congressional defense committees not later 
than 45 days after the enactment of this Act and prior to the 
initial obligation of funds provided under this heading. The 
spend plan shall include a description of assistance made 
available for Iraq and Syria, by category, as well as an 
explanation of how such funds will build security force 
capabilities, professionalize partner security forces, provide 
wide-area security, and promote the long-term stability of the 
region.
    The Committee recommendation continues the requirement for 
the Secretary of Defense to notify the congressional defense 
committees not fewer than 15 days prior to obligating funds 
under this heading, in writing, of the details of any such 
obligation. The Committee directs that such notifications 
include a description of the amount, type, and purpose of 
assistance to be funded and the recipient of the assistance; 
the budget and implementation timeline, with milestones and 
anticipated delivery schedule for such assistance; and a 
description of any material misuse of assistance by any 
appropriately vetted recipient since the last notification was 
submitted, along with a description of any remedies taken by 
the Department of Defense.
    The Committee recommendation continues quarterly reporting 
requirements for funds made available under this heading. The 
Committee notes that the Department of Defense has not complied 
with similar requirements from prior years and includes 
language under Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide 
withholding funds until these reports are submitted.

                                 YEMEN

    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to update 
the report required by House Report 115-769 under the heading 
``Report on U.S. Defense Assistance to Saudi Arabia and United 
Arab Emirates Coalition in Yemen'' not later than 90 days after 
the enactment of this Act.
    The Committee is concerned about reports regarding 
allegations of torture by members of the United Arab Emirates 
security forces in Yemen and urges the Secretary of Defense to 
consider such reporting when making a determination on whether 
to prohibit assistance to units of foreign security forces that 
have committed gross violations of human rights.

                              PROCUREMENT

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$11,748,074,000 for Procurement. The Committee recommendation 
for each procurement account is as follows:


              NATIONAL GUARD AND RESERVE EQUIPMENT ACCOUNT

    The Committee recommends $1,300,000,000 for the National 
Guard and Reserve Equipment Account. Of that amount, 
$375,000,000 is for the Army National Guard; $375,000,000 is 
for the Air National Guard; $215,000,000 is for the Army 
Reserve; $80,000,000 is for the Navy Reserve; $40,000,000 is 
for the Marine Corps Reserve; and $215,000,000 is for the Air 
Force Reserve to meet urgent equipment needs in the coming 
fiscal year.
    This funding will allow the National Guard and reserve 
components to procure high priority equipment used by these 
components for both their military missions and missions in 
support of State governors. The funding within this account is 
not to be used to procure equipment designated as high-density 
critical equipment, major weapon systems, aircraft, and other 
equipment central to a unit's ability to perform its doctrinal 
mission. The funding within this account is not to be used to 
procure equipment purchased by the senior Service, to expand or 
accelerate current Service procurement plans, to purchase 
expendable items, or to purchase facilities or equipment for 
any requirement able to be satisfied elsewhere.
    The Committee directs the Secretary of Defense to ensure 
that the National Guard and Reserve Equipment Account is 
executed by the Chiefs of the National Guard and reserve 
components with priority consideration given to the following 
items: acoustic hailing devices; crash-worthy, ballistically 
tolerant auxiliary fuel systems; counter-UAS systems; detect 
and avoid systems; modular small arms range simulators; MQ-9 
deployable launch and recovery element mission support kits; 
radiological screening portals; and training systems and 
simulators.

               RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST AND EVALUATION

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$844,368,000 for Research, Development, Test and Evaluation. 
The Committee recommendation for each research, development, 
test and evaluation account is as follows:


                     REVOLVING AND MANAGEMENT FUNDS


                     DEFENSE WORKING CAPITAL FUNDS

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$20,100,000 for the Defense Working Capital Funds accounts.

                  OTHER DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROGRAMS


                         DEFENSE HEALTH PROGRAM

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$347,746,000 for the Defense Health Program. The Committee 
recommendation is as follows:

                                    EXPLANATION OF PROJECT LEVEL ADJUSTMENTS
                                            [In thousands of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                        Budget       Committee      Change from
                                                                       Request      Recommended       Request
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
IN-HOUSE CARE......................................................       57,459          57,459               0
PRIVATE SECTOR CARE................................................      287,487         287,487               0
CONSOLIDATED HEALTH SUPPORT........................................        2,800           2,800               0
    TOTAL, OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE...............................      347,746         347,746               0
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

         DRUG INTERDICTION AND COUNTER-DRUG ACTIVITIES, DEFENSE

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$153,100,000 for Drug Interdiction and Counter-Drug Activities 
Defense.

                    OFFICE OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL

    The Committee recommends an additional appropriation of 
$24,254,000 for the Office of the Inspector General.

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Title IX of the accompanying bill includes 24 general 
provisions, many of which extend or modify war-related 
authorities included in previous Acts. A brief description of 
each provision follows:
    Section 9001 has been amended and provides that funds made 
available in this title are in addition to funds appropriated 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
fiscal year 2020.
    Section 9002 has been amended and provides for general 
transfer authority within title IX.
    Section 9003 provides that supervision and administration 
costs associated with a construction project funded with 
appropriations available for operation and maintenance or the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, may be obligated at the time 
a construction contract is awarded.
    Section 9004 provides for the procurement of passenger 
motor vehicles and heavy and light armored vehicles for use by 
military and civilian employees of the Department of Defense in 
the United States Central Command area.
    Section 9005 has been amended and provides funding for the 
Commanders' Emergency Response Program, with certain 
limitations.
    Section 9006 provides lift and sustainment to coalition 
forces supporting military and stability operations in Iraq and 
Afghanistan.
    Section 9007 prohibits the establishment of permanent bases 
in Iraq or Afghanistan or United States control over Iraq oil 
resources.
    Section 9008 prohibits the use of funding in contravention 
of the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other 
Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
    Section 9009 limits the obligation of funding for the 
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund until certain conditions have 
been met.
    Section 9010 provides for the purchase of items of a 
particular investment unit cost from funding made available for 
operation and maintenance.
    Section 9011 provides security assistance to the Government 
of Jordan.
    Section 9012 prohibits the use of funding under the 
Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund to procure or transfer man-
portable air defense systems.
    Section 9013 has been amended and provides assistance to 
the military and national security forces of Ukraine.
    Section 9014 provides replacement funds for items provided 
to the Government of Ukraine from the inventory of the United 
States.
    Section 9015 prohibits the use of funds to procure or 
transfer man-portable air defense systems to Ukraine.
    Section 9016 provides for the transfer of excess equipment 
to foreign forces receiving equipment through the Counter-ISIS 
Train and Equip Fund.
    Section 9017 restricts funds provided in Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-Wide for payments under Coalition Support 
Funds for reimbursement to the Government of Pakistan until 
certain conditions are met.
    Section 9018 is amended and provides funds to the 
Department of Defense to improve near-term intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities.
    Section 9019 prohibits the use of funds with respect to 
Syria in contravention of the War Powers Resolution.
    Section 9020 places restrictions on the transfer of 
additional C-130 cargo aircraft to the Afghanistan National 
Security Forces or Afghanistan Air Force.
    Section 9021 requires the Secretary of Defense to certify 
the use of funds in the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund under 
certain conditions.
    Section 9022 is new and restricts funds provided in this 
Act for expenses of any member of the Taliban.

                             (RESCISSIONS)

    Section 9023 has been amended and provides for the 
rescission of $66,574,000 from the following programs:

 
 
 
2019 Appropriations:
    Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide:
        Defense Security Cooperation Account..........        $7,000,000
    Afghanistan Security Forces Fund:
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund..............        30,000,000
    Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund:
        Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund.............        13,000,000
    Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine Corps:
        JT direct attack munition.....................        16,574,000
 

    Section 9024 requires the President to designate Overseas 
Contingency Operation/Global War on Terrorism funds.
    Section 9025 is new and repeals the Authorization for the 
Use of Military Force.
    Section 9026 is new and provides that nothing in the Act 
may be construed as authorizing the use of force against Iran.

                                TITLE X

                           GENERAL PROVISIONS

    Title X of the accompanying bill includes seven general 
provisions. A brief description of each provision follows.
    Section 10001 is new and provides findings regarding the 
use of the United States Armed Forces in the Republic of Yemen.
    Section 10002 is new and directs the removal of the United 
States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen 
that have not been authorized by Congress.
    Section 10003 is new and provides for continued military 
operations and cooperation with Israel.
    Section 10004 is new and provides for intelligence sharing 
with regards to threats in or emanating from the Republic of 
Yemen.
    Section 10005 is new and directs a report on the risks 
posed by ceasing support of operations in the conflict between 
the Saudi-led coalition and the Houthis in Yemen.
    Section 10006 is new and directs a report on the increased 
risk of terrorist attacks is Saudi Arabia ceases Yemen-Related 
Intelligence sharing with the United States.
    Section 10007 is new and provides that nothing in the Act 
may be construed as authorizing the use of military force, 
consistent with the War Powers Resolution.

            HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

    The following items are included in accordance with various 
requirements of the Rules of the House of Representatives:

         STATEMENT OF GENERAL PERFORMANCE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

    Pursuant to clause 3(c)(4) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is a statement of 
general performance goals and objectives for which this measure 
authorizes funding:
    The Committee on Appropriations considers program 
performance, including a program's success in developing and 
attaining outcome-related goals and objectives, in developing 
funding recommendations.

                              RESCISSIONS

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following table is submitted 
describing the rescissions recommended in the accompanying 
bill:

------------------------------------------------------------------------
 
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy: DDG-51                    $86,000,000
 Destroyer, 2012/2020..........................
Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy: LCAC SLEP,                  2,000,000
 2013/2020.....................................
Missile Procurement, Army, 2018/2020...........               14,056,000
Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat                     97,000,000
 Vehicles, Army, 2018/2020.....................
Other Procurement, Army, 2018/2020.............               10,685,000
Aircraft Procurement, Navy, 2018/2020..........              126,079,000
Other Procurement, Navy, 2018/2020.............               34,087,000
Procurement, Marine Corps, 2018/2020...........                9,046,000
Aircraft Procurement, Air Force, 2018/2020.....              160,200,000
Other Procurement, Air Force, 2018/2020........               26,000,000
Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide: DSCA                 21,314,000
 Security Cooperation Account, 2019/2020.......
Aircraft Procurement, Army, 2019/2021..........               58,600,000
Procurement of Weapons and Tracked Combat                     87,567,000
 Vehicles, Army, 2019/2021.....................
Other Procurement, Army, 2019/2021.............               75,173,000
Aircraft Procurement, Navy, 2019/2021..........              501,616,000
Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine                    22,000,000
 Corps, 2019/2021..............................
Other Procurement, Navy, 2019/2021.............               44,964,000
Procurement, Marine Corps, 2019/2021...........               74,456,000
Aircraft Procurement, Air Force, 2019/2021.....              629,300,000
Missile Procurement, Air Force, 2019/2021......               76,000,000
Space Procurement, Air Force, 2019/2021........              214,509,000
Procurement of Ammunition, Air Force, 2019/2021              236,100,000
Research, Development, Test and Evaluation,                   65,933,000
 Army, 2019/2020...............................
Research, Development, Test and Evaluation,                  240,088,000
 Navy, 2019/2020...............................
Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Air              131,200,000
 Force, 2019/2020..............................
Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on
 Terrorism:
    Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide:                   7,000,000
     Defense Security Cooperation Account, 2019/
     2020......................................
Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, 2019/2020....               30,000,000
Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund, 2019/2020...               13,000,000
Procurement of Ammunition, Navy and Marine                    16,574,000
 Corps, 2019/2021..............................
------------------------------------------------------------------------

                           TRANSFER OF FUNDS

    Pursuant to clause 3(f)(2) of rule XIII of the Rules of the 
House of Representatives, the following is submitted describing 
the transfer of funds provided in the accompanying bill.
    Language has been included under ``Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' which provides for the transfer of 
funds for certain classified activities.
    Language has been included under ``Environmental 
Restoration, Army'' which provides for the transfer of funds 
for environmental restoration, reduction and recycling of 
hazardous waste, removal of unsafe buildings and debris, or for 
similar purposes.
    Language has been included under ``Environmental 
Restoration, Navy'' which provides for the transfer of funds 
for environmental restoration, reduction and recycling of 
hazardous waste, removal of unsafe buildings and debris, or for 
similar purposes.
    Language has been included under ``Environmental 
Restoration, Air Force'' which provides for the transfer of 
funds for environmental restoration, reduction and recycling of 
hazardous waste, removal of unsafe buildings and debris, or for 
similar purposes.
    Language has been included under ``Environmental 
Restoration, Defense-Wide'' which provides for the transfer of 
funds for environmental restoration, reduction and recycling of 
hazardous waste, removal of unsafe buildings and debris, or for 
similar purposes.
    Language has been included under ``Environmental 
Restoration, Formerly Used Defense Sites''' which provides for 
the transfer of funds for environmental restoration, reduction 
and recycling of hazardous waste, removal of unsafe buildings 
and debris, or for similar purposes.
    Language has been included under ``Drug Interdiction and 
Counter-Drug Activities, Defense'' which provides for the 
transfer of funds to appropriations available to the Department 
of Defense for military personnel of the reserve components; 
for operation and maintenance; for procurement; and for 
research, development, test and evaluation for drug 
interdiction and counter-drug activities of the Department of 
Defense.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8005'' which provides for the transfer of working capital funds 
to other appropriations accounts of the Department of Defense 
for military functions.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8008'' which provides for the transfer of funds between working 
capital funds and the ``Foreign Currency Fluctuations, 
Defense'' appropriation and the operation and maintenance 
appropriation accounts.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8015'' which provides for the transfer of funds from the 
Department of Defense Pilot Mentor-Protege Program to any other 
appropriation for the purposes of implementing a Mentor-Protege 
Program development assistance agreement.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8051'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' to appropriations 
available for the pay of military personnel in connection with 
support and services of eligible organizations and activities 
outside the Department of Defense.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8054'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' to the Department 
of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the Department of 
the Air Force to support the Sexual Assault Special Victims' 
Counsel Program.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8063'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Operation and Maintenance, Army'' to other activities of the 
federal government.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8068'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Procurement, Defense-Wide'' and ``Research, Development, Test 
and Evaluation, Defense-Wide'' for the Israeli Cooperative 
Programs.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8069'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy'' to fund prior year 
shipbuilding cost increases.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8087'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Operation and Maintenance, Army'', ``Operation and 
Maintenance, Navy'', and ``Operation and Maintenance, Air 
Force'' to the central fund established for Fisher Houses and 
Suites.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8091'' which provides for the transfer of funds appropriated 
for operation and maintenance for the Defense Health Program to 
the Joint Department of Defense--Department of Veterans Affairs 
Medical Facility Demonstration Fund.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8094'' which provides for the transfer of funds for the 
National Intelligence Program.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8112'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' and ``Research, 
Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-Wide'' for background 
investigation information technology systems of the Office of 
Personnel Management or other federal agency responsible for 
background investigations.
    Language has been included under ``General Provisions, Sec. 
8115'' which provides for the transfer of funds from 
``Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' for elementary and 
secondary public schools on military installations.
    Language has been included under title IX ``Operation and 
Maintenance, Navy'' for the transfer of funds to the Coast 
Guard ``Operating Expenses'' account.
    Language has been included under title IX ``General 
Provisions, Sec. 9002'' which provides for the authority to 
transfer funds between the appropriations or funds made 
available to the Department of Defense in title IX, subject to 
certain conditions.
    Language has been included under title IX ``General 
Provisions, Sec. 9018'' which provides for the transfer of 
funds to the operation and maintenance, military personnel, and 
procurement accounts, to improve the intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities of the Department 
of Defense.

                      EARMARK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT

    Neither the bill nor the report contains any congressional 
earmarks, limited tax benefits, or limited tariff benefits as 
defined in Clause 9 of rule XXI.

          COMPLIANCE WITH RULE XIII, CL. 3(E) (RAMSEYER RULE)

    In compliance with clause 3(e) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the Committee notes that the 
accompanying bill does not propose to repeal or amend a statute 
or part thereof.

               CHANGES IN THE APPLICATION OF EXISTING LAW

    Pursuant to clause 30)(1)(A) of rule XIII of the Rules of 
the House of Representatives, the following statements are 
submitted describing the effect of provisions in the 
accompanying bill which directly or indirectly change the 
application of existing law.
    Language is included in various parts of the bill to 
continue ongoing activities which require annual authorization 
or additional legislation, which to date has not been enacted.
    The bill includes a number of provisions which place 
limitations on the use of funds in the bill or change existing 
limitations and which might, under some circumstances, be 
construed as changing the application of law.
    The bill includes a number of provisions which provide for 
the transfer of funds and which might, under some 
circumstances, be construed as changing the application of law.
    The bill includes a number of provisions, which have been 
virtually unchanged for many years that are technically 
considered legislation.
    The bill provides that appropriations shall remain 
available for more than one year for some programs for which 
the basic authorizing legislation does not presently authorize 
each extended availability.
    In various places in the bill, the Committee has allocated 
funds within appropriation accounts in order to fund specific 
programs.
    Language is included in various accounts placing a 
limitation on funds for emergencies and extraordinary expenses.
    Language is included that provides not more than $6,859,000 
for the Combatant Commander Initiative Fund.
    Language is included that provides not less than 
$44,500,000 for the Procurement Technical Assistance 
Cooperative Agreement Program, of which not less than 
$4,500,000 shall be available for centers.
    Language is included that prohibits the consolidation of 
certain legislative affairs or liaison offices.
    Language is included that makes available $17,732,000 for 
certain classified activities, allows such funds to be 
transferred between certain accounts, and exempts such funds 
from the investment item unit cost ceiling.
    Language is included that makes funds available to provide 
support to foreign security forces and other groups, and makes 
a portion of the funds available for two years.
    Language is included that limits the use of funds for 
official representation purposes under the heading ``United 
States Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces''.
    Language is included that limits funds credited or 
transferred to the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce 
Development Fund.
    Language is included that provides for specific 
construction, acquisition, or conversion of vessels under the 
heading ``Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy''.
    Language is included that provides for the incurring of 
additional obligations for certain activities under the heading 
``Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy''.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds 
provided under the heading ``Shipbuilding and Conversion, 
Navy'' for the construction of any naval vessel, or the 
construction of major components for the construction or 
conversion of any naval vessel, in foreign facilities or 
shipyards.
    Language is included under the heading ``Shipbuilding and 
Conversion, Navy'' that allows funds to be available for 
multiyear procurement of critical components to support the 
common missile compartment of nuclear-powered vessels.
    Language is included under the heading ``National Guard and 
Reserve Equipment Account'' providing for the procurement of 
certain items and the submission of modernization priority 
assessments.
    Language is included under the heading ``Research, 
Development, Test and Evaluation, Navy'' that provides funds 
for certain activities related to the V-22.
    Language is included that specifies the use of certain 
funds provided under the heading ``Defense Health Program''.
    Language is included that provides that not less than 
$8,000,000 of funds provided under the heading ``Defense Health 
Program'' shall be available for HIV/AIDS prevention 
educational activities.
    Language is included that provides for the carry-over of no 
more than one percent of operation and maintenance funds 
provided under the heading ``Defense Health Program''.
    Language is included under the heading ``Defense Health 
Program'' that provides that not less than $930,000,000 shall 
be made available to the U.S. Army Medical Research and 
Materiel Command to carry out congressionally directed medical 
research programs.
    Language is included that specifies the use of certain 
funds provided under the heading ``Chemical Agents and 
Munitions Destruction, Defense''.
    Language is included that specifies the use of certain 
funds provided under the heading ``Drug-Interdiction and 
Counter-Drug Activities, Defense''.
    Language is included that provides that no funds made 
available in this Act may be used for publicity or propaganda 
purposes not authorized by Congress.
    Language is included that provides for conditions and 
limitations on the payment of compensation to, or employment 
of, foreign nationals.
    Language is included that provides that no funds made 
available in this Act may be obligated beyond the end of the 
fiscal year unless expressly provided for a greater period of 
availability elsewhere in this Act.
    Language is included that limits the obligation of certain 
funds provided in this Act during the last two months of the 
fiscal year.
    Language is included that provides for the general transfer 
authority of funds to other military functions.
    Language is included that the tables titled ``Explanation 
of Project Level Adjustments'' in this report and classified 
annex shall be carried out in the manner provided by the tables 
to the same extent as if the tables were included in the text 
of this Act.
    Language is included that provides for the establishment of 
a baseline for application of reprogramming and transfer 
authorities for fiscal year 2020.
    Language is included that provides for limitations on the 
use and transfer of working capital fund cash balances.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds 
appropriated by this Act to initiate a special access program 
without prior notification to the congressional defense 
committees.
    Language is included that provides limitations and 
conditions on the use of funds provided in this Act to initiate 
multi-year procurement contracts.
    Language is included that provides for the use and 
obligation of funds for humanitarian and civic assistance costs 
under chapter 20 of title 10, United States Code.
    Language is included that provides that civilian personnel 
of the Department of Defense may not be managed on the basis of 
end strength or be subject to end strength limitations, sets 
forth certain requirements related to end strength for the 
budget submission, and requires that Department of Army Science 
and Technology Reinvention Laboratories be managed based on the 
available budget.
    Language is included that prohibits funds made available in 
this Act from being used to influence congressional action on 
matters pending before the Congress.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds to pay 
compensation to any member of the Army participating as a full-
time student and receiving benefits from the Education Benefits 
Fund when time spent as a full-time student is counted toward 
that member's service commitment, with certain exceptions.
    Language is included that provides for the transfer of 
funds appropriated in title III of this Act for the Department 
of Defense Pilot Mentor-Protege Program.
    Language is included that provides for the Department of 
Defense to purchase anchor and mooring chains manufactured only 
in the United States.
    Language is included that provides that no funds made 
available in this Act shall be used for the support of any 
nonappropriated funds activity of the Department of Defense 
that procures malt beverages and wine.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available to the Department of Defense to demilitarize or 
destroy surplus firearms or small arms ammunition except under 
certain circumstances.
    Language is included that provides a limitation on the use 
of funds for the relocation of any Department of Defense entity 
into or within the National Capital Region.
    Language is included that provides for incentive payments 
authorized by section 504 of the Indian Financing Act of 1974 
(25 U.S.C. 1544).
    Language is included that provides that no funds made 
available by this Act for the Defense Media Activity may be 
used for national or international political or psychological 
activities.
    Language is included that provides for the obligation of 
funds for purposes specified in section 2350j(c) of title 10, 
United States Code.
    Language is included that provides funding for the Civil 
Air Patrol Corporation.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds 
appropriated in this Act to establish a new federally funded 
research and development center (FFRDC), pay compensation to 
certain individuals associated with an FFRDC, construct certain 
new buildings not located on military installations, or 
increase the number of staff years for defense FFRDCs beyond a 
specified amount.
    Language is included that provides for the Department of 
Defense to procure carbon, alloy, or armor steel plate melted 
and rolled only in the United States or Canada.
    Language is included that defines congressional defense 
committees for the purposes of this Act.
    Language is included that provides for competitions between 
private firms and Department of Defense Depot Maintenance 
Activities for modification, depot maintenance, and repair of 
aircraft, vehicles, and vessels, as well as the production of 
components and other Defense-related articles.
    Language is included that provides for revocation of 
blanket waivers of the Buy America Act upon a finding that a 
country has violated a reciprocal trade agreement by 
discriminating against products produced in the United States 
that are covered by the agreement.
    Language is included that provides for the availability of 
funds for the Department of Defense Overseas Military Facility 
Investment Recovery Account established by section 2921(c)(1) 
of the 1991 National Defense Authorization Act.
    Language is included that provides for the conveyance, 
without consideration, of excess relocatable housing units 
located at Grand Forks, Malmstrom, Mountain Home, Ellsworth, 
and Minot Air Force Bases to Indian tribes.
    Language is included that provides for the availability of 
operation and maintenance appropriations to purchase items 
having an investment item unit cost of not more than $250,000.
    Language is included that prohibits funds from being used 
to disestablish, close, downgrade, or place on probation a 
Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps program.
    Language is included that provides authority to use 
operation and maintenance appropriations for the Asia Pacific 
Regional Initiative Program.
    Language is included that provides for the issuance of 
regulations placing certain limitations on the sale of tobacco 
products in military resale outlets.
    Language is included that limits the purchase of specified 
investment items with Working Capital Funds.
    Language is included that provides that none of the funds 
appropriated for the Central Intelligence Agency shall remain 
available for obligation beyond the current fiscal year except 
for funds appropriated for the Reserve for Contingencies, the 
Central Services Working Capital Fund, or other certain 
programs authorized under section 503 of the National Security 
Act of 1947.
    Language is included that provides that not less than 
$12,000,000 appropriated under the heading ``Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' shall be for mitigation of 
environmental impacts on Indian lands resulting from Department 
of Defense activities.
    Language is included that provides for the Department of 
Defense to comply with the Buy American Act (chapter 83 of 
title 41, United States Code).
    Language is included that limits the use of funds made 
available in this Act to establish or support field operating 
agencies.
    Language is included that limits the use of funds 
appropriated by this Act for the conversion of an activity or 
function of the Department of Defense to contractor 
performance.
    Language is included in title VIII and title IX that 
provides for the rescission of previously appropriated funds.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act from being used to reduce authorized 
positions for military technicians (dual status) of the Army 
National Guard, Air National Guard, Army Reserve, and Air Force 
Reserve unless such reductions are a direct result of a 
reduction in military force structure.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act for assistance to the Democratic People's 
Republic of Korea unless specifically appropriated for that 
purpose.
    Language is included that provides for the use of operation 
and maintenance funds appropriated in this Act for 
reimbursement to the National Guard and reserve when members of 
the National Guard and reserve provide intelligence or 
counterintelligence support to the Combatant Commands, Defense 
Agencies, and Joint Intelligence Activities.
    Language is included that provides that funds made 
available to the Department of Defense and Central Intelligence 
Agency for drug interdiction and counter-drug activities may 
not be transferred to other agencies.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds 
appropriated by this Act for the procurement of ball and roller 
bearings other than those produced by a domestic source and of 
domestic origin.
    Language is included to provide funding to make grants to 
specified entities upon determination by the Secretary of 
Defense that such grants serve the national interest.
    Language is included that provides for the Department of 
Defense to purchase supercomputers manufactured only in the 
United States with an exception for certain circumstances.
    Language is included to allow for Small Business Innovation 
Research program and Small Business Technology Transfer program 
set-asides.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act to pay contractor bonuses arising from a 
business restructuring.
    Language is included that provides for the transfer of 
funds to be used in support of personnel supporting approved 
organizations and activities outside the Department of Defense.
    Language is included that provides for the Department of 
Defense to dispose of negative unliquidated or unexpended 
balances for expired or closed accounts.
    Language is included that provides conditions for the use 
of equipment of the National Guard Distance Learning Project on 
a space-available, reimbursable basis.
    Language is included that provides for the use of funds 
made available under the heading ``Operation and Maintenance, 
Defense-Wide'' for high priority Sexual Assault Prevention and 
Response program requirements, including the transfer of funds.
    Language is included that provides a limitation on the use 
of funds appropriated in title IV to procure end-items for 
delivery to military forces for operational training, 
operational use, or inventory requirements.
    Language is included that provides for a waiver by the 
Secretary of Defense of ``Buy America'' provisions for certain 
cooperative programs.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act for repairs or maintenance to military 
family housing units, for which funds are provided in other 
appropriations acts.
    Language is included that provides that funds for new 
starts for advanced concept technology demonstration projects 
may be obligated or expended only after notification to the 
congressional defense committees.
    Language is included that provides that the Secretary of 
Defense shall continue to provide a classified quarterly report 
on certain matters as directed in the classified annex 
accompanying this Act.
    Language is included that provides for the use of National 
Guard personnel to support ground-based elements of the 
National Ballistic Missile Defense System.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds 
provided in this Act to transfer to any nongovernmental entity 
ammunition held by the Department of Defense that has a center-
fire cartridge and is designated as ``armor piercing'' except 
for demilitarization purposes.
    Language is included that provides for a waiver by the 
Chief of the National Guard Bureau or his designee for all or 
part of consideration in cases of personal property leases of 
one year or less to certain organizations specified by section 
508(d) of title 32, United States Code.
    Language is included that provides for the transfer of 
funds made available in this Act under the heading ``Operation 
and Maintenance, Army'' to other activities of the Federal 
Government for certain purposes.
    Language is included that prohibits the modification of the 
appropriations account structure or presentation of the budget 
request for the National Intelligence Program, or modification 
of the process by which National Intelligence Program 
appropriations are apportioned, allotted, obligated, and 
disbursed.
    Language is included that provides grant authority for the 
construction and furnishing of additional Fisher Houses to meet 
the needs of military family members when confronted with the 
illness or hospitalization of an eligible military beneficiary.
    Language is included that prohibits the modification of 
command and control relationships to give Fleet Forces Command 
operational and administrative control of United States Navy 
forces assigned to the Pacific fleet.
    Language is included that provides for certain 
notifications to be submitted to congressional defense 
committees.
    Language is included that provides funding and transfer 
authority for the Israeli Cooperative missile defense programs.
    Language is included that provides for the availability and 
transfer of funds to properly complete prior year shipbuilding 
programs.
    Language is included that provides that funds made 
available by this Act are deemed to be specifically authorized 
by Congress for purposes of section 504 of the National 
Security Act of 1947 until enactment of the Intelligence 
Authorization Act.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds 
provided in this Act to initiate a new start program without 
prior written notification.
    Language is included that provides that the budget of the 
President for fiscal year 2021 shall include separate budget 
justification documents for costs of the United States Armed 
Forces' participation in contingency operations that contain 
certain budget exhibits as defined in the Department of Defense 
Financial Management Regulation.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act for the research, development, test, 
evaluation, procurement, or deployment of nuclear armed 
interceptors of a missile defense system.
    Language is included that provides for prompt notification 
of the use of funds for rapid acquisition and deployment of 
supplies and support services.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act to reduce or disestablish the operation 
of the 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron of the Air Force 
Reserve.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this Act for the integration of foreign 
intelligence information unless the information has been 
lawfully collected and processed during conduct of authorized 
foreign intelligence activities.
    Language is included that prohibits the transfer of program 
authorities related to tactical unmanned aerial vehicles from 
the Army.
    Language is included that limits the obligation authority 
of funds provided for the Office of the Director of National 
Intelligence to the current fiscal year except for research and 
technology which shall remain available for the current and the 
following fiscal years.
    Language is included that provides for the adjustment of 
obligations within the ``Shipbuilding and Conversion, Navy'' 
appropriation.
    Language is included that prohibits the reprogramming or 
transfer of funds provided in this Act for the National 
Intelligence Program until the Director of National 
Intelligence submits a baseline for application of 
reprogramming and transfer authorities.
    Language is included that requires notification to the 
congressional defense committees prior to the use of funds for 
support to foreign countries in connection with the conduct of 
certain operations.
    Language is included that requires certain transfers of 
funds from the Defense Acquisition Workforce Development Fund 
be made in accordance with reprogramming and transfer 
procedures.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available by this Act for excess defense articles, assistance, 
or peacekeeping operations for countries designated to be in 
violation of the standards of the Child Soldiers Prevention Act 
of 2008.
    Language is included that sets forth reprogramming and 
transfer procedures for the National Intelligence Program.
    Language is included that provides that the Director of 
National Intelligence shall submit budget exhibits identifying 
the future-years intelligence program.
    Language is included that defines the congressional 
intelligence committees for the purposes of this Act.
    Language is included that provides that funds from certain 
operation and maintenance accounts may be transferred to a 
central fund established for Fisher Houses and Suites pursuant 
to section 2493(d) of title 10, United States Code.
    Language is included that prohibits funds appropriated by 
this Act from being used to make remittances to the Defense 
Acquisition Workforce Development Fund.
    Language is included that provides that agencies post 
congressionally directed reports on a public website.
    Language is included that provides limitations on the award 
of contracts to contractors that require mandatory arbitration 
for certain claims as a condition of employment or a 
contractual relationship. The Secretary of Defense is 
authorized to waive the applicability of these limitations for 
national security interests.
    Language is included that provides for the availability and 
transfer of funds for the Joint Department of Defense-
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
Fund.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds in 
contravention of section 130h of title 10, United States Code.
    Language is included that provides for the purchase of 
heavy and light armored vehicles for physical security or force 
protection purposes.
    Language is included that provides transfer authority for 
the Director of National Intelligence for the National 
Intelligence Program subject to certain limitations.
    Language is included that prohibits funds to transfer or 
release certain individuals detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba 
into the United States, its territories, or possessions.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds to 
transfer any individual detained at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba to the 
custody or control of the individual's country of origin, any 
other foreign country, or any other foreign entity except in 
accordance with sections 1034 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 and 1035 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds in 
contravention of the War Powers Resolution (50 U.S.C. 1541).
    Language is included that prohibits the Department of 
Defense from entering into certain agreements with 
Rosoboronexport with certain waiver authorities.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds for 
the purchase or manufacture of a United States flag unless such 
flag is treated as a covered item under section 2533a(b) of 
title 10, United States Code.
    Language is included that provides for the availability of 
funds for ex gratia payments in certain circumstances subject 
to certain conditions.
    Language is included that requires grant awards to be 
posted on a public website in a searchable format.
    Language is included regarding the allocation of certain of 
certain reductions among programs, projects and activities, and 
requires notifications regarding certain transfers.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds by the 
National Security Agency for certain activities.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available in this or any other Act to pay the salary of any 
officer or employee who approves or implements the transfer of 
certain administrative responsibilities or budgetary resources 
unless expressly provided for in Defense Appropriations Acts.
    Language is included that makes available certain funds 
provided under the heading ``Operation and Maintenance, Navy'' 
may be used for any purposes related to the National Defense 
Reserve Fleet.
    Language is included that requires certain notification on 
the use of funds for activities authorized under section 1208 
of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005, 
with a waiver for exigent circumstances.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds with 
respect to Iraq in contravention of the War Powers Resolution 
(50 U.S.C. 1541).
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds to 
award a new contract for the TAO Fleet Oiler program except 
under certain circumstances.
    Language is included that prohibits certain transfers from 
the Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce Development 
Fund.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available by this Act to pay Government Travel Charge Card 
expenses for gaming or certain entertainment activities.
    Language is included that prohibits funds to deliver F-35 
aircraft to the Republic of Turkey.
    Language is included that makes available funds provided 
under the headings ``Operation and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'', 
``Research, Development, Test and Evaluation, Defense-Wide'', 
and ``Procurement, Defense-Wide'' for purposes related to 
Federal Government security and suitability background 
investigations.
    Language is included that prohibits funding for computer 
networks that do not block pornography, subject to certain law 
enforcement and national defense exceptions.
    Language is included that prohibits the transfer of 
Department of Defense funds for certain purposes except in 
accordance with reprogramming and transfer procedures.
    Language is included that provides additional funds for 
purposes of repairing schools on military installations subject 
to certain requirements.
    Language is included that changes certain time limitations 
on embryo cryopreservation and storage.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds to 
provide arms, training, or other assistance to the Azov 
Battalion.
    Language is included that prohibits funds to provide 
certain equipment for customary ceremonial honors if the 
Secretary determines that the provision of such equipment would 
undermine readiness.
    Language is included that makes available funds to modify 
certain F-35 aircraft to a test configuration, subject to 
certain notification requirements.
    Language is included that allows certain funds to be 
obligated to make death gratuity payments if appropriations for 
``Military Personnel'' are not available for obligation of such 
payments.
    Language is included that prohibits funds in the Act from 
being used to enter into a contract or provide a loan to any 
corporation that has any unpaid Federal tax liability.
    Language is included that prohibits funds from being used 
in contravention of Executive Order 13175 or section 
1501.2(d)(2) of title 40, Code of Federal Regulations.
    Language is included that provides for the availability of 
funds for certain programs through fiscal year 2024.
    Language is included that provides that any advance billing 
for background investigation services and related services 
purchased from activities financed using the Defense Working 
Capital Fund shall be excluded from the calculation of 
cumulative advance billings.
    Language is included that prohibits funds for the Space 
Development Agency and not more than 50 percent of funds for 
the Next Generation Overhead Persistent Infrared program unless 
certain conditions are met.
    Language is included that prohibits funds from being used 
to transfer any element of the Intelligence Community to the 
Space Force.
    Language is included that prohibits funds to construct a 
wall, fence, border barriers, or border security infrastructure 
along the southern land border of the United States.
    Language is included under the heading ``Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' that provides for the use of funds 
for certain purposes subject to certain requirements, and 
requires the submission of certain reports.
    Language is included under the heading ``Afghanistan 
Security Forces Fund'' that provides for the use of funds for 
certain purposes and the management of contributions and 
returned items.
    Language is included under the heading ``Counter-ISIS Train 
and Equip Fund'' that provides for the use of funds for certain 
purposes, compliance with vetting standards, management of 
contributions, and the submission of certain reports.
    Language is included that provides that funds made 
available in title IX are in addition to amounts appropriated 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense for 
the current fiscal year.
    Language is included that provides for supervision and 
administration costs for construction projects associated with 
overseas contingency operations.
    Language is included that provides for the availability of 
funds to purchase passenger, heavy, and light armored vehicles 
notwithstanding price or other limitations on the purchase of 
passenger carrying vehicles for use in the U.S. Central Command 
area of responsibility.
    Language is included that provides funds and authority for 
the Commanders' Emergency Response Program and establishes 
certain reporting requirements.
    Language is included that authorizes the use of funds to 
provide certain assistance to coalition forces supporting 
military and stability operations in Afghanistan and to counter 
the Islamic State of Iraq and the Syria, and establishes 
certain reporting requirements.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds to 
establish permanent bases in Iraq or Afghanistan.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds in 
contravention of certain laws or regulations promulgated to 
implement the United Nations Convention Against Torture and 
Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.
    Language is included that places limitations on the use of 
Afghanistan Security Forces Funds and requires certain 
certifications.
    Language is included that provides for the availability of 
funds appropriated in title IX of this Act for the purchase of 
items having an investment unit cost of up to $500,000, subject 
to certain conditions.
    Language is included that provides for up to $500,000,000 
of funds appropriated by this Act under the heading ``Operation 
and Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' to be used for assistance to 
the Government of Jordan for certain purposes.
    Language is included prohibiting the use of funds made 
available by this Act under the heading ``Counter-ISIS Train 
and Equip Fund'' to procure or transfer man-portable air 
defense systems.
    Language is included that provides for $250,000,000 for 
assistance to the military and national security forces of 
Ukraine for certain purposes and under certain conditions.
    Language is included providing for the availability of 
funds appropriated in title IX for replacement of items 
provided to the Government of Ukraine from the inventory of the 
United States to the extent provided for in this Act.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds made 
available by this Act for assistance to Ukraine to procure or 
transfer man-portable air defense systems.
    Language is included that provides for the transfer of 
excess equipment to foreign forces receiving equipment through 
the Counter-ISIS Train and Equip Fund.
    Language is included that places limitations on the use of 
Coalition Support Funds under the heading ``Operation and 
Maintenance, Defense-Wide'' in title IX for the Government of 
Pakistan.
    Language is included that provides for additional funds and 
transfer authority to improve the intelligence, surveillance, 
and reconnaissance capabilities of the Department of Defense, 
subject to reporting requirements.
    Language is included that prohibits the use of funds with 
respect to Syria in contravention of the War Powers Resolution 
(50 U.S.C. 1541).
    Language is included that provides a limitation on the 
transfer of certain aircraft to the Afghanistan National 
Security Forces until submission of a report.
    Language is included that places certain conditions and 
reporting requirements on the use of the Afghanistan Security 
Forces Fund.
    Language is included that restricts funds provided in this 
Act for expenses of any member of the Taliban.
    Language is included that rescinds certain funds made 
available in prior years in title IX.
    Language is included that provides that amounts designed in 
this Act as Overseas Contingency Operations/Global War on 
Terrorism shall be available only if the President subsequently 
so designates all such amounts and transmits such designations 
to the Congress.
    Language is included that repeals the Authorization for the 
Use of Military Force.
    Language is included that provides that nothing in the Act 
may be construed as authorizing the use of force against Iran.
    Language is included that provides findings regarding the 
use of the United States Armed Forces in the Republic of Yemen.
    Language is included that directs the removal of the United 
States Armed Forces from hostilities in the Republic of Yemen 
that have not been authorized by Congress.
    Language is included that provides for continued military 
operations and cooperation with Israel.
    Language is included that provides for intelligence sharing 
with regards to threats in or emanating from the Republic of 
Yemen.
    Language is included that directs a report on the risks 
posed by ceasing support of operations in the conflict between 
the Saudi-led coalition and the Houthis in Yemen.
    Language is included that directs a report on the increased 
risk of terrorist attacks is Saudi Arabia ceases Yemen-Related 
Intelligence sharing with the United States.
    Language is included that provides that nothing in the Act 
may be construed as authorizing the use of military force, 
consistent with the War Powers Resolution.


                 COMPARISON WITH THE BUDGET RESOLUTION

    Section 308(a)(1)(A) of the Congressional Budget Act 
requires the report accompanying a bill providing new budget 
authority to contain a statement comparing the levels in the 
bill to the suballocations submitted under section 302(b) of 
the Act for the most recently agreed to concurrent resolution 
on the budget for the applicable fiscal year.

                                            [In millions of dollars]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                             302(b) Allocation                This Bill
                                                       ---------------------------------------------------------
                                                            Budget                       Budget
                                                           Authority      Outlays       Authority      Outlays
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Comparison of amounts in the bill with Committee
 allocations to its subcommittees: Subcommittee on
 Defense
Discretionary.........................................         622,082      625,175      \1\690,161      662,293
Mandatory.............................................             514          514          \2\514          514
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Includes outlays from prior-year budget authority.
\2\NOTE--Consistent with the funding recommended in the bill for overseas contingency operations/global war on
  terrorism, in accordance with section 251(b)(2) of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of
  1985, and after the bill is reported to the House, the Chairman of the Committee on the Budget will provide a
  revised section 302(a) allocation reflecting an additional $68,079,000,000 in discretionary budget authority
  and $38,227,000,000 in associated outlays That new allocation will eliminate the technical difference prior to
  Floor consideration.

                      FIVE-YEAR OUTLAY PROJECTIONS

    In compliance with section 308(a)(1)(B) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974 
(Public Law 93-344), as amended, the following table contains 
five-year projections associated with the budget authority 
provided in the accompanying bill.

                        [In millions of dollars]
------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                               Outlays
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Projection of outlays associated with the recommendation:
    2020...................................................   \1\403,952
    2021...................................................      166,859
    2022...................................................       57,264
    2023...................................................       28,684
    2024 and future years..................................       22,491
------------------------------------------------------------------------
\1\Excludes outlays from prior-year budget authority.

          FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

    In accordance with section 308(a)(1)(C) of the 
Congressional Budget and Impoundment Act of 1974 (Public Law 
93-344), as amended, no new budget or outlays are provided by 
the accompanying bill for financial assistance to State and 
local governments.

                          PROGRAM DUPLICATION

    No provision of this bill establishes or reauthorizes a 
program of the Federal Government known to be duplicative of 
another Federal program, a program that was included in any 
report from the Government Accountability Office to Congress 
pursuant to section 21 of Public Law 111-139, or a program 
related to a program identified in the most recent Catalog of 
Federal Domestic Assistance.

                           COMMITTEE HEARINGS

    For the purposes of section 103(i) of H. Res. 6 of the 
116th Congress--
    The following hearings were used to develop or consider the 
Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2020:
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on February 6, 2019, entitled ``Worldwide Threat Assessment and 
Intelligence Community Posture Hearing.'' The Subcommittee 
received testimony from:
    Daniel Coats, Director, Office of the Director of National 
Intelligence
    Joseph D. Kernan, Under Secretary of Defense for 
Intelligence, Department of Defense
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
February 13, 2019, entitled ``U.S. Military Service Academies 
Overview.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Lieutenant General Darryl A. Williams, Superintendent, 
United States Military Academy
    Vice Admiral Walter E. ``Ted'' Carter Jr., Superintendent, 
United States Naval Academy
    Lieutenant General Jay B. Silveria, Superintendent, United 
States Air Force Academy
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on March 6, 2019, entitled ``U.S. Central Command.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    General Joseph L. Votel, Commander, U.S. Central Command
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on March 7, 2019, entitled ``U.S. European Command.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    General Curtis M. Scaparrotti, Commander, European Command 
and NATO Supreme Allied Commander Europe
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
March 26, 2019, entitled ``Reserve Components.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    General Joseph Lengyel, Chief, National Guard Bureau
    Lieutenant General Charles Luckey, Chief, Army Reserve
    Vice Admiral Luke McCollum, Chief, Navy Reserve
    Major General Bradley James, Commander, Marine Forces 
Reserve
    Lieutenant General Richard W. Scobee, Chief, Air Force 
Reserve
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on March 26, 2019, entitled ``INDO-PACOM.'' The Subcommittee 
received testimony from:
    Admiral Phil Davidson, Commander, U.S. Indio-Pacific 
Command
    General Robert Abrams, Commander, U.S. Forces Korea, United 
Nations Command, Combined Forces Command
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on March 27, 2019, entitled ``National Security Agency/Cyber 
Command.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    General Paul M. Nakasone, Director, Commander, National 
Security Agency/Commander, Cyber Command
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on March 27, 2019, entitled ``National Reconnaissance Office.'' 
The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Frank Calvelli, Principal Deputy Director, National 
Reconnaissance Office
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on April 2, 2019, entitled ``Defense Intelligence Agency and 
National Geospatial Agency.'' The Subcommittee received 
testimony from:
    Lieutenant General Robert P. Ashley, Jr., Director, Defense 
Intelligence Agency
    Vice Admiral Robert D. Sharp, Director, National 
Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
April 2, 2019, entitled ``U.S. Air Force Budget Request for FY 
2020.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Dr. Heather Wilson, Secretary, U.S. Air Force
    General David L. Goldfein, Chief of Staff, U.S. Air Force
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
April 3, 2019, entitled ``Defense Health Programs.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Lieutenant General Nadja Y. West, Surgeon General, U.S. 
Army
    Vice Admiral Forrest C. Faison III, Surgeon General, U.S. 
Navy
    Lieutenant General Dorothy A. Hogg, Surgeon General, U.S. 
Air Force
    Vice Admiral Raquel Bono, Director, Defense Health Agency
    Mr. Thomas McCaffery, Principal Deputy, Assistant Secretary 
of Defense Health Affairs, U.S. Department of Defense
    Ms. Stacy Cummings, Program Executive Officer, Defense 
Healthcare Management Systems
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on April 9, 2019, entitled ``U.S. Special Operations Command 
Budget Request for FY2020.'' The Subcommittee received 
testimony from:
    General Richard D. Clarke, Commander, U.S. Special 
Operations Command
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
April 9, 2019, entitled ``U.S. Army Budget Request for 
FY2020.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Mark T. Esper, Secretary of the Army
    General Mark A. Milley, Chief of Staff, U.S. Army
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
April 10, 2019, entitled ``Member Day Hearing.'' The 
Subcommittee received testimony from:
    The Honorable Veronica Escobar, Member of Congress
    The Honorable Earl L. ``Buddy'' Carter, Member of Congress
    The Honorable James McGovern, Member of Congress
    The Honorable Harley Rouda, Member of Congress
    The Honorable Mary Gay Scanlon, Member of Congress
    The Honorable Mike Johnson, Member of Congress
    The Honorable Ro Khanna, Member of Congress
    The Honorable Roger Williams, Member of Congress
    The Subcommittee on Defense held a closed oversight hearing 
on April 29, 2019, entitled ``Central Intelligence Agency--
FY2020 Budget Hearing.'' The Subcommittee received testimony 
from:
    Gina Haspel, Director, Central Intelligence Agency
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
April 30, 2019, entitled ``Navy and Marine Corps--FY2020 Budget 
Hearing.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Richard V. Spencer, Secretary of the Navy
    Admiral John M. Richardson, Chief of Navy Operations
    General Robert B. Neller, Commandant of the Marine Corps
    The Subcommittee on Defense held an oversight hearing on 
May 1, 2019, entitled ``Department of Defense--FY2020 Budget 
Hearing.'' The Subcommittee received testimony from:
    Patrick M. Shanahan, Acting Secretary of Defense
    General Joseph F. Dunford, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff
    David L. Norquist, Performing the Duties of Deputy 
Secretary of Defense



                             MINORITY VIEWS

    We thank Chairwoman Lowey and Chairman Visclosky for the 
collegial manner in which they drafted the fiscal year 2020 
Defense Appropriations bill. We appreciate the Chair for 
including many Republican priorities in the Manager's Amendment 
and we acknowledge that the bill addresses many bipartisan 
priorities. Funding our Nation's defense is one of the most 
fundamental and important responsibilities of Congress. This is 
especially true as we continue to face a range of threats 
around the world.
    Rightly, the bill recognizes the need for the Department to 
better organize and manage its space capabilities and tries to 
strike a balance between supporting new initiatives while 
requiring rigorous analysis on the costs and tradeoffs of 
current proposals. Our ability to maintain assured access to 
space, and to protect our on-orbit assets, is critical to both 
national security and economic security.
    We also appreciate that the Chairman has prioritized 
healthcare and the quality of life of our service members. 
These issues can have a significant impact on our military's 
readiness. We are also pleased to see strong and steady support 
for our partners and allies, including Israel and Jordan. While 
there are items in the bill that we support as the Department 
refocuses on near-peer threats, we are concerned about a number 
of provisions that we believe would restrict the Department and 
are detrimental to national security.
    We are extremely disappointed that an amendment to repeal 
the Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) was 
adopted by the Committee. This amendment would automatically 
repeal the 2001 AUMF just 240 days after this bill is signed 
into law and provides no replacement authority for ongoing 
operations. This is a dangerous and ill-conceived provision 
that eliminates the Department's authority to prosecute the war 
on terrorism and to continue efforts to eliminate safe havens 
for terrorists in Afghanistan or elsewhere who threaten our 
homeland. U.S. military forces are conducting campaigns against 
al-Qaeda, the Taliban, and associated forces worldwide using 
this authority. This amendment is a poison pill that eliminates 
a critical authority that the U.S. military needs to keep us 
safe and keep terrorists from striking the homeland.
    We are also disappointed with the Yemen and Iran amendments 
adopted in Committee. The situation in Yemen is extremely 
complex and poses both national security and humanitarian 
challenges. Contrary to the amendment adopted in Committee, the 
United States is not engaged in ``hostilities'' in Yemen under 
the plain meaning of that term under the War Powers Act. The 
amendment defines traditional security cooperation and security 
assistance activities of the Departments of Defense and State 
as engagement in hostilities. This is an interpretation that is 
inconsistent with the War Powers Act, which could harm U.S. 
security cooperation with more than 100 countries around the 
world. Placing restrictions on the Department could harm 
bilateral relationships in the region and negatively affect our 
ability to prevent the spread of terrorism. Our continued 
cooperation with regional partners allows the United States to 
support diplomatic negotiations to end the conflict, promote 
humanitarian access, mitigate civilian casualties and defeat 
terrorists who seek to harm the United States. Likewise, the 
U.S. government sanctions policy is designed to force 
significant changes in Iran's regional and foreign policies. In 
particular, the Administration is seeking to address Iran's 
threats to the State of Israel, its attempts to destabilize 
neighboring states through non-state militants and sectarian 
armed groups and its efforts to export its revolutionary 
ideology. If this language remains in the bill, the President 
would likely veto it.
    We are also concerned with the language included in the 
base bill that modifies current U.S. policy toward Turkey with 
respect to the sale of F-35 aircraft. An amendment offered by 
Ranking Member Granger, which largely mirrors language included 
in the fiscal year 2020 State Foreign Operations appropriations 
bill, would have stated that Turkey's continued participation 
in the F-35 program is contingent on Turkey not acquiring the 
Russian S-400 missile system. The linkage between Turkey 
purchasing the S-400 system and the transfer of the F-35 has 
been long established. The bill language included by the 
Majority establishes a new policy that is incongruent with 
language included in the State-Foreign Operations bill and 
other prior legislation on this subject and sends mixed 
messages to Turkey from the Congress.
    We were also disappointed that an amendment by Dr. Harris 
failed. His amendment would have removed language in the 
underlying bill that states, none of the funds appropriated or 
otherwise made available by this Act or any prior 
appropriations Acts may be used to construct a wall, fence, 
border barriers, or border security infrastructure along the 
southern land border of the United States. This language is 
very broad and would certainly have unintended consequences 
that reach beyond the Defense bill. The restrictions this bill 
places on the Department's ability to support other Federal 
agencies is unacceptable. The Defense Department has the 
authority to address threats in drug smuggling corridors and 
has used this authority to assist the Department of Homeland 
Security along the Southern border where drugs are being 
brought into this country. The situation at the border is a 
crisis and we must not take away this important tool, not only 
from the Department of Defense but possibly other Federal 
agencies enforcing our laws at the Southern border.
    Finally, while the Chairman has done a tremendous job under 
difficult circumstances, the Subcommittee's allocation is 
insufficient to meet the threats we face around the world. That 
is why we were disappointed to see Mr. Womack's amendment fail. 
His amendment would have increased funding in the bill by $8 
billion to $698 billion, the amount requested by the President. 
The funding levels in this bill do not allow us to sustain 
efforts we have made over the last two years to rebuild our 
military. When Ranking Member Granger became Chair of the 
Defense Subcommittee, she committed to a multiyear plan to 
rebuild our military, working closely with Chairman Visclosky 
to provide our service members with badly needed equipment and 
training. The funding in this bill is insufficient and 
adversely impacts that commitment.
    We need a top line funding level agreed to by the House, 
the Senate, and the White House so that our national security 
priorities can be addressed. Without an agreement that can be 
supported by the President, we risk the devastating 
consequences of sequestration. This means Defense spending 
could be cut by more than $70 billion from the current levels, 
and that is unacceptable to us. We must continue rebuilding the 
military; now is not the time to retreat from these sustained 
investments.
    We must work together to develop a path forward for fiscal 
year 2020. For the reasons noted above, we regret that we 
cannot support this bill at this time, but we have a history of 
working together to find common ground and this year is no 
different. We remain concerned that this bill has been 
developed without a sustainable and widely supported budget 
agreement and includes partisan, controversial riders that will 
jeopardize enactment of any final legislation. We look forward 
to working with the Majority as we proceed through the 
legislative process so that the bipartisan issues in the bill 
will receive the support they deserve, and a bill can be 
enacted that continues our strong support for the men and women 
of the armed forces.
                                   Kay Granger.
                                   Ken Calvert.