[House Report 116-617]
[From the U.S. Government Publishing Office]


116th Congress }                                       {   Report
                       HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES        
2d Session     }                                       {   116-617
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                      WILLIAM M. (MAC) THORNBERRY
        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021


                               ----------                              


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 6395



                                     



                                     



                December 3, 2020.--Ordered to be printed
                
                
                



                                      

     WILLIAM M. (MAC) THORNBERRY NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT 
                           FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021
                           
                           
                           
                           
                           
                           
                           
116th Congress  }                                             {   Report
                         HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES                 
2d Session      }                                             {  116-617
_______________________________________________________________________

                                     



                      WILLIAM M. (MAC) THORNBERRY

        NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 2021


                               __________


                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                              to accompany

                               H.R. 6395



                                     


                                     



                December 3, 2020.--Ordered to be printed
                
                
                
                             ______

              U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE 
 42-147                WASHINGTON : 2020 
                 
                
                
                
                            C O N T E N T S

                              ----------                              

CONFERENCE REPORT................................................     1
JOINT EXPLANATORY STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE OF CONFERENCE.......  1517
    Compliance with rules of the House of Representatives and 
      Senate regarding earmarks and congressionally directed 
      spending items.............................................  1517
    Summary of discretionary authorizations and budget authority 
      implication................................................  1517
    Budgetary effects of this Act (sec. 4).......................  1518
DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS.................  1518
TITLE I--PROCUREMENT.............................................  1518
    Budget Items.................................................  1518
        Columbia-class submarine advance procurement.............  1518
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1519
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 101)...............  1519
    Subtitle B--Army Programs....................................  1519
        Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise 
          missile defense capability (sec. 111)..................  1519
        Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated 
          Visual Augmentation System (sec. 112)..................  1519
        Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement 
          of cannon tubes (sec. 113).............................  1519
    Subtitle C--Navy Programs....................................  1520
        Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix (sec. 121)  1520
        Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface 
          vessels (sec. 122).....................................  1520
        Fighter force structure acquisition strategy (sec. 123)..  1521
        Procurement authorities for certain amphibious 
          shipbuilding programs (sec. 124).......................  1522
        Land-based test program for the FFG(X) frigate program 
          (sec. 125).............................................  1522
        Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems 
          added by Congress (sec. 126)...........................  1524
        Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for 
          Navy waterborne security barriers (sec. 127)...........  1524
        Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer 
          to ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority 
          (sec. 128).............................................  1524
    Subtitle D--Air Force Programs...............................  1524
        Minimum operational squadron level (sec. 131)............  1524
        Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
          aircraft (sec. 132)....................................  1525
        Minimum bomber aircraft force level (sec. 133)...........  1525
        Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft 
          (sec. 134).............................................  1526
        Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft 
          (sec. 135).............................................  1526
        Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6 
          (sec. 136).............................................  1526
        F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition (sec. 137)...........  1527
        Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of RC-135 aircraft (sec. 138)...............  1527
        Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
          aircraft (sec. 139)....................................  1527
        Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft (sec. 140)...........  1528
        Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the 
          European theater (sec. 141)............................  1529
        Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance (sec. 142)............  1529
        RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and 
          reconnaissance aircraft (sec. 143).....................  1529
        Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
          Group (sec. 144).......................................  1529
        Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
          limitations (sec. 145).................................  1530
        Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and 
          Advanced Battle Management System capabilities (sec. 
          146)...................................................  1530
        Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key 
          mission areas (sec. 147)...............................  1530
    Subtitle E--Defense-Wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters....  1530
        Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, 
          Navy, and Air Force (sec. 151).........................  1530
        Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
          electromagnetic spectrum operations (sec. 152).........  1531
        Cryptographic modernization schedules (sec. 153).........  1531
        Department of Defense participation in the Special 
          Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group (sec. 154)...  1531
        Integrated air and missile defense assessment (sec. 155).  1532
        Joint strategy for air base defense against missile 
          threats (sec. 156).....................................  1532
        Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements (sec. 
          157)...................................................  1532
        Expansion of economic order quantity contracting 
          authority for F-35 aircraft program (sec. 158).........  1533
        Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program (sec. 
          159)...................................................  1533
        F-35 aircraft munitions (sec. 160).......................  1534
        Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
          System for the F-35 fighter aircraft (sec. 161)........  1534
        Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 
          aircraft (sec. 162)....................................  1534
        Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch 
          Program (sec. 163).....................................  1535
        Acceleration of development and fielding of counter 
          unmanned aircraft systems across the joint force (sec. 
          164)...................................................  1536
        Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          acquisition roadmap for United States Special 
          Operations Command (sec. 165)..........................  1536
        Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by 
          United States Special Operations Command (sec. 166)....  1536
        Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection 
          seat aircraft locator beacons (sec. 167)...............  1537
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1537
        Liquified natural gas pilot program......................  1537
        Limitation on production of KC-46A aircraft..............  1537
        Assessment and certification relating to OC-135 aircraft.  1538
        Report on carrier wing composition.......................  1538
        Briefing on payload hosting on modular supersonic 
          aircraft...............................................  1538
        Minimum aircraft levels for major mission areas..........  1539
        Limitation on divestment of KC-10 and KC-135 aircraft....  1539
        Prohibition on purchase of armed overwatch aircraft......  1539
        Sense of Congress on the Additive Manufacturing and 
          Machine Learning Initiative of the Army................  1540
        Assessment of Medium-Heavy Lift Helicopter Plans of the 
          Army...................................................  1540
        Report on fiscal year 2022 budget request requirements in 
          connection with Air Force operations in the Arctic.....  1540
TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION............  1541
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1541
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 201)...............  1541
    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and 
      Limitations................................................  1542
        Modification of requirements relating to certain 
          cooperative research and development agreements (sec. 
          211)...................................................  1542
        Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
          Defense research and development funds (sec. 212)......  1542
        Modification of national security innovation activities 
          and pilot program on strengthening the defense 
          industrial and innovation base (sec. 213)..............  1542
        Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and 
          Technology Research and Development program (sec. 214).  1543
        Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group (sec. 215)  1543
        Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
          research, development, test, and evaluation centers of 
          the Department of Defense (sec. 216)...................  1543
        Designation of senior officials for critical technology 
          areas supportive of the National Defense Strategy (sec. 
          217)...................................................  1543
        Executive agent for autonomy (sec. 218)..................  1544
        National security innovation partnerships (sec. 219).....  1544
        Social science, management science, and information 
          science research activities (sec. 220).................  1544
        Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
          Management System (sec. 221)...........................  1545
        Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
          capabilities (sec. 222)................................  1545
        Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
          research and development awards (sec. 223).............  1546
        Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 224).......................  1546
        Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
          fifth-generation wireless networking services (sec. 
          225)...................................................  1546
        Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
          support water sustainment (sec. 226)...................  1546
        Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned 
          vessels (sec. 227).....................................  1547
    Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology..  1547
        Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center (sec. 231).........................  1547
        Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
          development, and transition activities (sec. 232)......  1547
        Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
          Center (sec. 233)......................................  1548
        Application of artificial intelligence to the defense 
          reform pillar of the National Defense Strategy (sec. 
          234)...................................................  1548
        Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed 
          artificial intelligence technology (sec. 235)..........  1548
        Steering committee on emerging technology (sec. 236).....  1549
    Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development..............  1549
        Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency (sec. 
          241)...................................................  1549
        Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program (sec. 
          242)...................................................  1549
        Improvements to Technology and National Security 
          Fellowship of Department of Defense (sec. 243).........  1550
        Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to 
          technical talent and expertise at academic institutions 
          (sec. 244).............................................  1550
        Encouragement of contractor science, technology, 
          engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs (sec. 245)  1550
        Training program for human resources personnel in best 
          practices for technical workforce (sec. 246)...........  1551
        Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to 
          evaluate applicants for certain technical positions 
          (sec. 247).............................................  1551
        Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
          technologies (sec. 248)................................  1551
        Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
          students in the Defense science and technology 
          enterprise (sec. 249)..................................  1552
        National security workforce and educational diversity 
          activities (sec. 250)..................................  1552
        Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of 
          the Department of Defense (sec. 251)...................  1553
        Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high 
          quality talent in the Department of Defense (sec. 252).  1554
    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry............................  1554
        Sustainable Chemistry (secs. 261-267)....................  1554
    Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters................  1554
        Modification to annual report of the Director of 
          Operational Test and Evaluation (sec. 271).............  1554
        Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic 
          plan reporting cycle and contents (sec. 272)...........  1554
        Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan 
          to include assessment of feasibility and advisability 
          of establishing a program office for energetics (sec. 
          273)...................................................  1555
        Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
          activities on work with academic consortia on high 
          priority cybersecurity research activities in 
          Department of Defense capabilities (sec. 274)..........  1555
        Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned 
          Fighting Vehicle program (sec. 275)....................  1555
        Microelectronics and national security (sec. 276)........  1555
        Independent evaluation of personal protective and 
          diagnostic testing equipment (sec. 277)................  1557
        Assessment on United States national security emerging 
          biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison 
          with adversaries (sec. 278)............................  1557
        Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 279).......................  1557
        Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation 
          efforts (sec. 280).....................................  1558
        Review and report on Next Generation Air Dominance 
          capabilities (sec. 281)................................  1558
        Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of 
          systems for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology 
          program (sec. 282).....................................  1559
        Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and 
          the United States to recruit and retain researchers in 
          national security-related and defense-related fields 
          (sec. 283).............................................  1559
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1559
        Pilot program on talent optimization.....................  1559
        Modification of pilot program on enhanced civics 
          education..............................................  1560
        Report on micro nuclear reactor programs.................  1560
        Report on use of testing facilities to research and 
          develop hypersonic technology..........................  1562
        Study and plan on the use of additive manufacturing and 
          three-dimensional bioprinting in support of the 
          warfighter.............................................  1562
        Funding for force protection applied research............  1562
        Funding for hypersonics prototyping......................  1562
        Funding for unidirectional body armor....................  1563
        Assessments of intelligence, defense, and military 
          implications of deepfake videos and related 
          technologies...........................................  1563
        Funding for Air Force university research initiatives....  1563
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2020 projects.....................................  1563
        Sense of Congress on the role of the National Science 
          Foundation.............................................  1564
        Funding for Navy university research initiatives.........  1564
        Funding for Army university research initiatives.........  1564
        Report on certain awards under the Small Business 
          Innovation Research and Small Business Technology 
          Transfer programs......................................  1565
        Funding for Backpackable Communications Intelligence 
          System.................................................  1565
        Funding for Army university and industry research centers  1565
        Traineeships for American leaders to excel in national 
          technology and science.................................  1565
        Briefing and report on use of distributed ledger 
          technology for defense purposes........................  1566
        Admission of essential scientists and technical experts 
          to promote and protect the National Security Innovation 
          Base...................................................  1567
        Importance of historically Black colleges and 
          universities and minority-serving institutions.........  1567
        Cybersecurity in Department of Transportation programs...  1567
TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE.............................  1567
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1567
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 301)...............  1567
    Subtitle B--Energy and Environment...........................  1567
        Military Aviation and Installation Assurance 
          Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions (sec. 
          311)...................................................  1567
        Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration 
          Program (sec. 312).....................................  1568
        Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy 
          installations where tactical fighter aircraft operate 
          (sec. 313).............................................  1568
        Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
          projects of National Guard (sec. 314)..................  1568
        Modification of authority to carry out military 
          installation resilience projects (sec. 315)............  1568
        Energy resilience and energy security measures on 
          military installations (sec. 316)......................  1569
        Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
          Department of Defense (sec. 317).......................  1569
        Increased transparency through reporting on usage and 
          spills of aqueous film-forming foam at military 
          installations (sec. 318)...............................  1569
        Native American lands environmental mitigation program 
          (sec. 319).............................................  1569
        Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
          flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris 
          from the Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and 
          installations of Department of Defense (sec. 320)......  1569
        Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing 
          (sec. 321).............................................  1570
        Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to 
          operational energy improvement (sec. 322)..............  1570
        Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy 
          usage (sec. 323).......................................  1570
        Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability 
          Improvement Fund of the Department of Defense (sec. 
          324)...................................................  1570
        Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to 
          Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility (sec. 325).........  1570
        Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished 
          energy for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center 
          (sec. 326).............................................  1571
        Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
          roadmap (sec. 327).....................................  1571
        Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
          levels (sec. 328)......................................  1571
        Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use 
          of wildlife conservation banking programs (sec. 329)...  1571
        Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-
          fighting agent (sec. 330)..............................  1571
        Survey of technologies for Department of Defense 
          application in phasing out the use of fluorinated 
          aqueous film-forming foam (sec. 331)...................  1572
        Interagency body on research related to per- and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances (sec. 332)..................  1572
        Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of 
          certain items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
          perfluorooctanoic acid (sec. 333)......................  1572
        Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
          forming foam (sec. 334)................................  1572
        Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
          exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use (sec. 335)...  1572
        Reporting on energy savings performance contracts (sec. 
          336)...................................................  1573
        Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study 
          on health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances contamination in drinking water (sec. 337)..  1573
        Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 
          2020 (sec. 338)........................................  1573
        Assessment of Department of Defense excess property 
          programs with respect to need and wildfire risk (sec. 
          339)...................................................  1573
    Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment........................  1574
        National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review (sec. 
          341)...................................................  1574
        Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
          carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet 
          (sec. 342).............................................  1574
        Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
          maintenance budget report (sec. 343)...................  1574
        Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of currently deployed naval vessels (sec. 
          344)...................................................  1574
        Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment 
          (sec. 345).............................................  1574
        Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
          Optimization Plan (sec. 346)...........................  1575
        Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major 
          weapon systems (sec. 347)..............................  1575
        Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to 
          Director of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior 
          to implementing changes to any uniform or uniform 
          component (sec. 348)...................................  1575
    Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight...................  1576
        Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board 
          (sec. 351).............................................  1576
        Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program (sec. 352)...  1576
        Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense 
          munitions enterprise (sec. 353)........................  1576
        Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of 
          Defense munitions enterprise (sec. 354)................  1576
    Subtitle E--Other Matters....................................  1576
        Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
          uniform items (sec. 361)...............................  1576
        Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships (sec. 362).....  1577
        Biodefense analysis and budget submission (sec. 363).....  1577
        Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan (sec. 
          364)...................................................  1577
        Plans and reports on emergency response training for 
          military installations (sec. 365)......................  1578
        Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
          limitation requirements for advance billings for 
          certain background investigations (sec. 366)...........  1578
        Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual 
          cost overruns and for changes in scope of work (sec. 
          367)...................................................  1578
        Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security 
          and emergency response recommendations relating to 
          active shooter or terrorist attacks on installations of 
          Department of Defense (sec. 368).......................  1578
        Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
          beverages provided by the Department of Defense (sec. 
          369)...................................................  1578
        Commission on the naming of items of the Department of 
          Defense that commemorate the Confederate States of 
          America or any person who served voluntarily with the 
          Confederate States of America (sec. 370)...............  1579
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1579
        Funding for Army Community Services......................  1579
        Increase in funding for Air Force reserve contractor 
          systems support........................................  1579
        Military Aviation and Installation Assurance 
          Clearinghouse for review of mission obstructions.......  1579
        Comptroller General report on Department of Defense 
          installation energy....................................  1580
        Offshore wind energy development, Morro Bay, California..  1580
        Long-duration demonstration initiative and joint program.  1581
        Standards for removal or remedial actions with respect to 
          PFOS or PFOA contamination.............................  1581
        Public disclosure of results of Department of Defense 
          testing for perfluoroalkyl or polyfluoroalkyl 
          substances.............................................  1581
        Biological threats report................................  1582
        Sense of Congress regarding an integrated master plan 
          towards achieving net zero.............................  1583
        Moratorium on incineration by Department of Defense of 
          perfluoroalkyl substances, polyfluoroalkyl substances, 
          and aqueous film forming foam..........................  1583
        Report on impact of permafrost thaw on infrastructure, 
          facilities, and operations of the Department of Defense  1584
        Report on implementation by Department of Defense of 
          requirements relating to renewable fuel pumps..........  1584
        Report on effects of extreme weather on the Department of 
          Defense................................................  1585
        Provision of protection to the National Museum of the 
          Marine Corps, the National Museum of the United States 
          Army, the National Museum of the United States Navy, 
          and the National Museum of the United States Air Force.  1586
        Report on biodefense.....................................  1586
        Report on non-permissive, global positioning system 
          denied airfield capabilities...........................  1587
        Increase of amounts available to Marine Corps for base 
          operations and support.................................  1587
        Diesel emissions reduction...............................  1588
        Utilizing significant emissions with innovative 
          technologies...........................................  1588
TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS......................  1588
    Subtitle A--Active Forces....................................  1588
        End strengths for active forces (sec. 401)...............  1588
        Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels (sec. 402)......................................  1588
        Modification of the authorized number and accounting 
          method for senior enlisted personnel (sec. 403)........  1589
    Subtitle B--Reserve Forces...................................  1589
        End strengths for Selected Reserve (sec. 411)............  1589
        End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of 
          the Reserves (sec. 412)................................  1589
        End strengths for military technicians (dual status) 
          (sec. 413).............................................  1590
        Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on 
          active duty for operational support (sec. 414).........  1590
        Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end 
          strengths for non-temporary military technicians (dual 
          status) and end strengths for temporary military 
          technicians (dual status) (sec. 415)...................  1590
    Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1590
        Military personnel (sec. 421)............................  1590
TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY...............................  1591
    Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy.........................  1591
        Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on 
          active duty (sec. 501).................................  1591
        Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced 
          constructive service credit in a particular career 
          field upon original appointment as a commissioned 
          officer (sec. 502).....................................  1591
        Diversity in selection boards (sec. 503).................  1591
        Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation 
          of higher placement on promotion list of officers of 
          particular merit (sec. 504)............................  1592
        Special selection review boards for review of promotion 
          of officers subject to adverse information identified 
          after recommendation for promotion and related matters 
          (sec. 505).............................................  1592
        Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion 
          under alternative promotion authority (sec. 506).......  1593
        Mandatory retirement for age (sec. 507)..................  1593
        Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the 
          retired grade of commissioned officers (sec. 508)......  1593
        Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular 
          Navy officers designated for engineering duty, 
          aeronautical, engineering duty, and special duty (sec. 
          509)...................................................  1595
        Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber 
          positions (sec. 509A)..................................  1595
        Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 Program (sec. 509B).......  1595
    Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management.....................  1595
        Temporary authority to order retired members to active 
          duty in high-demand, low-density assignments during war 
          or national emergency (sec. 511).......................  1595
        Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps 
          program (sec. 512).....................................  1596
        Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps (sec. 513)....................  1596
        Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for 
          the reserve components (sec. 514)......................  1596
        Modification of education loan repayment program for 
          members of Selected Reserve (sec. 515).................  1596
        Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
          travel or duty restrictions in computations of 
          entitlement to and amounts of retired pay for non-
          regular service (sec. 516).............................  1597
        Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components 
          who perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 
          emergency (sec. 517)...................................  1597
        Direct employment pilot program for certain members of 
          the reserve components (sec. 518)......................  1597
        Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units 
          and CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and 
          Universities and minority institutions (sec. 519)......  1598
        Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in 
          response to the COVID-19 pandemic (sec. 519A)..........  1598
        Study and report on National Guard support to States 
          responding to major disasters (sec. 519B)..............  1598
        Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems 
          by the National Guard (sec. 519C)......................  1598
        Study and report on ROTC recruitment (sec. 519D).........  1599
    Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of 
      Military Records...........................................  1599
        Increased access to potential recruits (sec. 521)........  1599
        Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical 
          Disability Board of Review (sec. 522)..................  1599
        Honorary promotion matters (sec. 523)....................  1600
        Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
          furnished to promotion selection boards (sec. 524).....  1600
        Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals 
          based on sexual orientation (sec. 525).................  1600
    Subtitle D--Prevention and Response to Sexual Assault, 
      Harassment, and Related Misconduct.........................  1601
        Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
          connection with applications for change of station or 
          unit transfer of members who are victims of sexual 
          assault or related offenses (sec. 531).................  1601
        Confidential reporting of sexual harassment (sec. 532)...  1601
        Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
          Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct (sec. 533)..................................  1601
        Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense 
          Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual 
          Misconduct (sec. 534)..................................  1602
        Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy 
          among duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the 
          Prevention of Sexual Misconduct (sec. 535).............  1602
        Modification of reporting and data collection on victims 
          of sexual offenses (sec. 536)..........................  1602
        Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces (sec. 537).......  1602
        Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma 
          (sec. 538).............................................  1602
        Policy for military service academies on separation of 
          alleged victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents 
          of sexual assault (sec. 539)...........................  1603
        Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces 
          (sec. 539A)............................................  1603
        Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense 
          for discharging the sexual harassment policies and 
          programs of the Department (sec. 539B).................  1604
        Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-
          related offenses (sec. 539C)...........................  1604
        Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators 
          and Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
          Advocates to perform duties (sec. 539D)................  1604
        Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program (sec. 539E).  1604
        Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
          academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto 
          Non-Rated Periods (sec. 539F)..........................  1604
    Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters.........  1605
        Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform 
          Code of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial 
          motions, filings, and hearings (sec. 541)..............  1605
        Qualifications of judges and standard of review for 
          Courts of Criminal Appeals (sec. 542)..................  1605
        Preservation of court-martial records (sec. 543).........  1605
        Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
          Background Check System (sec. 544).....................  1606
        Removal of personally identifying and other information 
          of certain persons from investigative reports, the 
          Department of Defense Central Index of Investigations, 
          and other records and databases (sec. 545).............  1606
        Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma 
          for certain personnel in the military justice system 
          (sec. 546).............................................  1606
        Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
          recommendations and statutory requirements on 
          assessment of racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in 
          the military justice system (sec. 547).................  1607
        Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
          dependents (sec. 548)..................................  1607
        Clarification of termination of leases of premises and 
          motor vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic 
          injury or illness or die while in military service 
          (sec. 549).............................................  1608
        Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events (sec. 
          549A)..................................................  1608
        Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
          response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes 
          against children, and serious harmful behavior between 
          children and youth involving military dependents on 
          military installations (sec. 549B).....................  1608
        Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic 
          violence in the Armed Forces (sec. 549C)...............  1609
    Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion..........................  1609
        Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and 
          related matters (sec. 551).............................  1609
        National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
          respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 552)......................................  1610
        Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and 
          supremacism in workplace surveys administered by the 
          Secretary of Defense (sec. 553)........................  1610
        Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
          Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or 
          criminal gang activity in the Armed Forces (sec. 554)..  1611
        Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth 
          by certain members of the Armed Forces (sec. 555)......  1611
        Training on certain Department of Defense instructions 
          for members of the Armed Forces (sec. 556).............  1612
        Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in 
          certain units of the Armed Forces (sec. 557)...........  1612
        Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
          opportunity at the military service academies (sec. 
          558)...................................................  1612
    Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards...........................  1613
        Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals 
          (sec. 561).............................................  1613
        Authorizations for certain awards (sec. 562).............  1613
        Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
          radiation-exposed veterans (sec. 563)..................  1613
        Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star 
          Service Banner Day (sec. 564)..........................  1614
    Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and 
      Resilience.................................................  1614
        Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
          improve diversity in military leadership (sec. 571)....  1614
        Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast 
          Guard (sec. 572).......................................  1614
        Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
          States Air Force Academy (sec. 573)....................  1615
        Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on 
          the Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy 
          (sec. 574).............................................  1615
        Information on nominations and applications for military 
          service academies (sec. 575)...........................  1615
        Report on potential improvements to certain military 
          educational institutions of the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 576).............................................  1615
        College of International Security Affairs of the National 
          Defense University (sec. 577)..........................  1616
        Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
          programs of the Armed Forces (sec. 578)................  1616
        GAO study regarding transferability of military 
          certifications to civilian occupational licenses and 
          certifications (sec. 579)..............................  1616
        Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans 
          service officers (sec. 579A)...........................  1616
    Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' 
      Education..................................................  1617
        Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; 
          review; report (sec. 581)..............................  1617
        Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program (sec. 
          582)...................................................  1617
        Support services for members of special operations forces 
          and immediate family members (sec. 583)................  1618
        Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for 
          military child development programs (sec. 584).........  1618
        Military child care and child development center matters 
          (sec. 585).............................................  1619
        Expansion of financial assistance under My Career 
          Advancement Account program (sec. 586).................  1619
        Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
          Employment Partnership Program (sec. 587)..............  1619
        24-hour child care (sec. 588)............................  1620
        Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members 
          of the Armed Forces for in-home child care (sec. 589)..  1620
        Certain assistance to local educational agencies that 
          benefit dependents of military and civilian personnel 
          (sec. 589A)............................................  1620
        Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity 
          schools to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios 
          (sec. 589B)............................................  1621
        Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools 
          (sec. 589C)............................................  1621
        Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
          Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program 
          (sec. 589D)............................................  1621
        Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
          campaigns (sec. 589E)..................................  1622
        Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of 
          members of the Armed Forces and their families (sec. 
          589F)..................................................  1622
        Matters relating to education for military dependent 
          students with special needs (sec. 589G)................  1622
        Studies and reports on the performance of the Department 
          of Defense Education Activity (sec. 589H)..............  1623
    Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports........................  1623
        Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program (sec. 
          591)...................................................  1623
        Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
          Defense STARBASE Program (sec. 592)....................  1624
        Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive 
          Ordnance Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army 
          (sec. 593).............................................  1624
        Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
          purpose adjunct to address computational thinking (sec. 
          594)...................................................  1624
        Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on 
          the assessment of the effectiveness of activities of 
          the Federal Voting Assistance Program (sec. 595).......  1624
        Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members 
          of other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force 
          of the deceased are unavailable (sec. 596).............  1624
        Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 
          2019 on members of the Armed Forces and best practices 
          to prevent future financial hardships (sec. 597).......  1625
        Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test 
          (sec. 598).............................................  1625
        Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations 
          of the Comprehensive Review of Special Operations 
          Forces Culture and Ethics (sec. 599)...................  1626
        Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World 
          War II veterans on national security, foreign policy, 
          and economic and humanitarian interests of the United 
          States (sec. 599A).....................................  1626
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1626
        Repeal of codified specification of authorized strengths 
          of certain commissioned officers on active duty........  1626
        Requirement of consent of the chief executive officer for 
          certain full-time National Guard duty performed in a 
          State, Territory, or the District of Columbia..........  1627
        Certificate of release or discharge from Active Duty (DD 
          Form 214) matters......................................  1627
        Report regarding National Guard Youth Challenge Program..  1627
        Reenlistment waivers for persons separated from the Armed 
          Forces who commit one misdemeanor cannabis offense.....  1628
        Development of guidelines for use of unofficial sources 
          of information to determine eligibility of members and 
          former members of the Armed Forces for decorations and 
          benefits when the service records are incomplete 
          because of damage to the official record...............  1628
        Report on bad paper......................................  1628
        Punitive article on violent extremism....................  1628
        Electronic notarization for members of the Armed Forces..  1629
        Clarifications regarding scope of employment and 
          reemployment rights of members of the uniformed 
          services...............................................  1629
        Termination of telephone, multichannel video programming, 
          and internet access service contracts by servicemembers 
          who enter into contracts after receiving military 
          orders for permanent change of station but then receive 
          stop movement orders due to an emergency situation.....  1629
        Absentee ballot tracking program.........................  1630
        Guardian ad litem program for minor dependents of members 
          of the Armed Forces....................................  1630
        Tracking mechanism and reporting requirements for 
          supremacist, extremist, and criminal gang activity in 
          the Armed Forces.......................................  1630
        To resolve controversies under Servicemembers Civil 
          Relief Act.............................................  1630
        Limitation on waiver of rights and protections under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act........................  1631
        Clarification of private right of action under 
          Servicemembers Civil Relief Act........................  1631
        Requirement of certain certification before deportation 
          of a spouse of a member of the Armed Forces............  1632
        Prohibition on certain communications regarding courts-
          martial................................................  1632
        Termination of contracts for telephone, multichannel 
          video programming, or internet access service by 
          certain individuals under Servicemembers Civil Relief 
          Act....................................................  1632
        Report on drug demand reduction program modernization....  1632
        Protection of attorney-client privilege between victims 
          and Special Victims' Counsel...........................  1633
        Authority of military judges and military magistrates to 
          issue military court protective orders.................  1633
        Briefing on standardization and potential merger of law 
          enforcement training for military and civilian 
          personnel across the Department of Defense.............  1633
        Question in workplace and gender relations surveys 
          regarding prosecutions of sexual assault...............  1635
        Report on sexual abuse and harassment of recruits during 
          medical examinations prior to entry into the Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1635
        Pilot program on prosecution of special victim offenses 
          committed by attendees of military service academies...  1635
        Counseling in the Transition Assistance Program regarding 
          sexual assault, sexual or gender harassment, and 
          intimate partner violence..............................  1636
        Award or presentation of decorations favorably 
          recommended following determination on merits of 
          proposals for decorations not previously submitted in a 
          timely fashion.........................................  1636
        Report on regulations and procedures to implement 
          programs on award of medals or commendations to 
          handlers of military working dogs......................  1637
        Medical or administrative discharge as a pathway for 
          counseling in the Transition Assistance Program........  1637
        Family dynamics as pathways for counseling in the 
          Transition Assistance Program..........................  1637
        Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.......  1637
        Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center.......  1638
        Participation of members of the reserve components of the 
          Armed Forces in the Skillbridge program................  1638
        Study regarding VA participation in TAP..................  1638
        Transition outreach......................................  1638
        Continued participation of separated members of the Armed 
          Forces in Skillbridge programs.........................  1639
        Report on officer training in irregular warfare..........  1639
        Limited exception for attendance of enlisted personnel at 
          senior level and intermediate level officer 
          professional military education courses................  1640
        Limitation on eligibility of for-profit institutions to 
          participate in educational assistance programs of the 
          Department of Defense..................................  1640
        Continuation of paid parental leave upon death of child..  1640
        Comptroller General of the United States report on the 
          structural condition of Department of Defense Education 
          Activity schools.......................................  1640
        Reopening of child care facilities of the Engineer 
          Research and Development Center........................  1641
        Independent study and report on military spouse 
          underemployment........................................  1641
        Procedures of the Office of Special Needs for the 
          development of individualized services plans for 
          military families with special needs...................  1641
        Report on demographics of officers appointed to certain 
          grades.................................................  1642
        Plans to increase female and minority representation in 
          the Armed Forces.......................................  1642
        Report to Congress on efforts to increase diversity and 
          representation in film, television, and publishing.....  1642
        Eligibility of veterans of Operation End Sweep for 
          Vietnam Service Medal..................................  1643
        Briefing on the implementation of requirements on 
          connections of retiring and separating members of the 
          Armed Forces with community-based organizations and 
          related entities.......................................  1643
        Prohibition on charging for or counting certain acronyms 
          on headstones of individuals interred at Arlington 
          National Cemetery......................................  1643
        Sense of Congress regarding advertising recruiting 
          efforts................................................  1643
        Sense of Congress honoring the Dover Air Force Base, 
          Delaware, home to the 436th airlift wing, the 512th 
          airlift wing, and the Charles C. Carson Center for 
          mortuary affairs.......................................  1643
        GAO study of women involuntarily separated or discharged 
          due to pregnancy or parenthood.........................  1644
        Annual report regarding cost of living for members and 
          employees of the Department of Defense.................  1644
        Report on Preservation of the Force and Family Program of 
          United States Special Operations Command...............  1644
        Report regarding transportation of remains of certain 
          decedents by the Secretary of a military department....  1645
        GAO study of members absent without leave or on 
          unauthorized absence...................................  1645
TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION..................................  1646
    Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances...............................  1646
        Increase in basic pay (sec. 601).........................  1646
        Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for 
          maternity leave taken by members of the reserve 
          components (sec. 602)..................................  1646
        Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who 
          receive basic allowance for housing (sec. 603).........  1646
        Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel 
          and transportation allowances (sec. 604)...............  1647
        Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to 
          include fares and tolls (sec. 605).....................  1647
        One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to 
          the Space Force (sec. 606).............................  1647
    Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays...............  1647
        One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special 
          pay authorities (sec. 611).............................  1647
        Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in 
          health professions (sec. 612)..........................  1647
        Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay from 
          members of the uniformed services (sec. 613)...........  1648
        Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of 
          the uniformed services (sec. 614)......................  1648
        Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a 
          ship required for family separation allowance for 
          members of the uniformed services (sec. 615)...........  1648
    Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and 
      Survivor Benefits..........................................  1648
        Modernization and clarification of payment of certain 
          Reserves while on duty (sec. 621)......................  1648
        Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
          members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a 
          permanent change of station (sec. 622).................  1649
        Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates (sec. 623)  1649
        Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
          dependents (sec. 624)..................................  1649
        Gold Star Families Parks Pass (sec. 625).................  1649
        Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of 
          child care services and youth program services for 
          dependents (sec. 626)..................................  1649
        Priority for certain military family housing to a member 
          of the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide 
          family home day care services (sec. 627)...............  1650
        Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP 
          contributions by military spouses (sec. 628)...........  1650
        Report on implications of expansion of authority to 
          provide financial assistance to civilian providers of 
          child care services or youth program services for 
          survivors of members of the Armed Forces who die in the 
          line of duty (sec. 629)................................  1650
        Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits 
          for surviving remarried spouses with dependent children 
          of members of the Armed Forces who die while on active 
          duty or certain reserve duty (sec. 629A)...............  1650
    Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters...........................  1651
        Base responders essential needs and dining access (sec. 
          631)...................................................  1651
        First responder access to mobile exchanges (sec. 632)....  1651
        Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
          defense resale system (sec. 633).......................  1651
    Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits..............  1652
        Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve 
          members of the uniformed services (sec. 641)...........  1652
        Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
          lodging program (sec. 642).............................  1652
        Operation of Stars and Stripes (sec. 643)................  1652
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1653
        Basic needs allowance for low-income regular members.....  1653
        Hazardous duty pay for members of the Armed Forces 
          performing duty in response to the Coronavirus Disease 
          2019...................................................  1653
        Single military housing area for each municipality with a 
          population greater than 500,000........................  1653
TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS................................  1654
    Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits...........  1654
        Improvement to breast cancer screening (sec. 701)........  1654
        Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
          medical treatment provided at military medical 
          treatment facilities (sec. 702)........................  1654
        Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider 
          type referral and supervision requirements under 
          TRICARE program (sec. 703).............................  1654
        Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended 
          Care Health Option program (sec. 704)..................  1654
        Sale of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of 
          the reserve components (sec. 705)......................  1655
        Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
          maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy benefits 
          program (sec. 706).....................................  1655
    Subtitle B--Health Care Administration.......................  1655
        Repeal of administration of TRICARE dental plans through 
          Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program 
          (sec. 711).............................................  1655
        Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases 
          (sec. 712).............................................  1656
        Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical 
          medical supplies in national security strategy for 
          national technology and industrial base (sec. 713).....  1656
        Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University 
          of the Health Sciences (sec. 714)......................  1657
        Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
          University of the Health Sciences (sec. 715)...........  1657
        Temporary exemption for Uniformed Services University of 
          the Health Sciences from certain Paperwork Reduction 
          Act requirements (sec. 716)............................  1657
        Modification to limitation on the realignment or 
          reduction of military medical manning end strength 
          (sec. 717).............................................  1658
        Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
          realignment of military medical treatment facilities 
          (sec. 718).............................................  1658
        Policy to address prescription opioid safety (sec. 719)..  1658
        Addition of burn pit registration and other information 
          to electronic health records of members of the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 720)......................................  1659
        Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
          postdeployment health reassessments (sec. 721).........  1659
    Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19.....................  1659
        COVID-19 military health system review panel (sec. 731)..  1659
        Department of Defense pandemic preparedness (sec. 732)...  1659
        Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
          National Guard serving under orders in response to the 
          coronavirus (COVID-19) (sec. 733)......................  1660
        Registry of certain TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with 
          COVID-19 (sec. 734)....................................  1660
        Health assessments of veterans diagnosed with pandemic 
          diseases to determine exposure to open burn pits and 
          toxic airborne chemicals (sec. 735)....................  1660
        Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
          services to members of the Armed Forces during the 
          COVID-19 pandemic (sec. 736)...........................  1661
    Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters........................  1661
        Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
          partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical 
          surge capability and capacity of National Disaster 
          Medical System (sec. 741)..............................  1661
        Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 742).......................  1662
        Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility 
          Demonstration Fund (sec. 743)..........................  1662
        Military Health System Clinical Quality Management 
          Program (sec. 744).....................................  1662
        Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program (sec. 745)...........  1662
        Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration 
          project (sec. 746).....................................  1663
        Briefing on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 747)......................................  1663
        Audit of medical conditions of residents in privatized 
          military housing (sec. 748)............................  1663
        Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
          treatment at military medical treatment facilities 
          (sec. 749).............................................  1664
        Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality 
          among military aviators and aviation support personnel 
          (sec. 750).............................................  1664
        Study on exposure to toxic substances at Karshi-Khanabad 
          Air Base, Uzbekistan (sec. 751)........................  1664
        Review and report on prevention of suicide among members 
          of the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations 
          outside the contiguous United States (sec. 752)........  1665
        Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at certain 
          military installations (sec. 753)......................  1665
        Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum 
          mental health conditions among members of the Armed 
          Forces and their dependents (sec. 754).................  1665
        Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
          National Guard and reserve components (sec. 755).......  1666
        Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
          Armed Forces (sec. 756)................................  1666
        Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
          readiness of medical force of the Armed Forces (sec. 
          757)...................................................  1666
        Report on billing practices for health care from 
          Department of Defense (sec. 758).......................  1666
    Subtitle E--Mental Health Services from Department of 
      Veterans Affairs for Members of Reserve Components.........  1667
        Short title (sec. 761)...................................  1667
        Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
          related outpatient services from Department of Veterans 
          Affairs to include members of reserve components of the 
          Armed Forces (sec. 762)................................  1667
        Provision of mental health services from Department of 
          Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of 
          the Armed Forces (sec. 763)............................  1667
        Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental 
          health programs of Department of Veterans Affairs (sec. 
          764)...................................................  1667
        Report on mental health and related services provided by 
          Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed 
          Forces (sec. 765)......................................  1667
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1668
        Expansion of mental health assessments for members of the 
          Armed Forces...........................................  1668
        Mandatory referral for mental health evaluation..........  1668
        Removal of Christian Science providers as authorized 
          providers under the TRICARE program....................  1668
        Assessments and testing relating to exposure to 
          perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances..........  1668
        Mental health resources for members of the Armed Forces 
          and their dependents during the COVID-19 pandemic......  1669
        Extension of organization requirements for Defense Health 
          Agency.................................................  1669
        Maintenance of certain medical services at military 
          medical treatment facilities at service academies......  1671
        Authority of Secretary of Defense to waive requirements 
          during national emergencies for purposes of the 
          provision of health care...............................  1672
        Provision of information regarding COVID-19 in multiple 
          languages..............................................  1672
        Study of substance use disorders among members of the 
          Armed Forces and veterans during the COVID-19 public 
          health emergency.......................................  1672
        Clarification of research under Joint Trauma Education 
          and Training Directorate and inclusion of military 
          working dogs...........................................  1673
        Information sharing by Secretary of Defense regarding 
          prevention of infant and maternal mortality............  1673
        Grant program for increased cooperation on post-traumatic 
          stress disorder research between the United States and 
          Israel.................................................  1673
        Pilot program on cryopreservation and storage............  1674
        Pilot program on parents serving as certified nursing 
          assistants for children under TRICARE Program..........  1675
        Report on costs and benefits of allowing retired members 
          of the Armed Forces to contribute to health savings 
          accounts...............................................  1675
        Report on Integrated Disability Evaluation System........  1675
        Antimicrobial stewardship staffing at medical treatment 
          facilities of the Department of Defense................  1676
        Report on chiropractic care for dependents and retirees 
          under the TRICARE program..............................  1677
        Funding for pancreatic cancer research...................  1677
        Plan for evaluation of flexible spending account options 
          for members of the uniformed services and their 
          families...............................................  1677
        Report on cost of extending TRICARE coverage to 
          individuals participating in Health Professions 
          Scholarship and Financial Assistance Program...........  1677
        Report on health care records of dependents who later 
          seek to serve as a member of the Armed Forces..........  1678
        Briefing on extension of TRICARE Prime to eligible 
          beneficiaries in Puerto Rico and other United States 
          territories............................................  1678
        Funding for post-traumatic stress disorder...............  1678
        Increased collaboration with NIH to combat triple 
          negative breast cancer.................................  1679
        Study on readiness contracts and the prevention of drug 
          shortages..............................................  1679
        Findings and sense of Congress on musculoskeletal 
          injuries...............................................  1679
        Sense of Congress regarding maternal mortality review....  1679
        Study on joint deployment formulary......................  1679
        Pilot program on sleep apnea among new recruits..........  1680
        Report on research and studies on health effects of burn 
          pits and mandatory training on health effects of burn 
          pits...................................................  1680
        Expansion of scope of Department of Veterans Affairs open 
          burn pit registry to include open burn pits in Egypt 
          and Syria..............................................  1680
        Pilot program on treatment of certain members of the 
          Armed Forces impacted by traumatic brain injury and 
          other associated health factors that influence long-
          term brain health and performance......................  1681
        Study and report on surge capacity of Department of 
          Defense to establish negative air room containment 
          systems in military medical treatment facilities.......  1681
TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND 
  RELATED MATTERS................................................  1681
    Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management................  1681
        Report on acquisition risk assessment and mitigation as 
          part of Adaptive Acquisition Framework implementation 
          (sec. 801).............................................  1681
        Improving planning, execution, and oversight of life 
          cycle sustainment activities (sec. 802)................  1682
        Disclosures for offerors for certain shipbuilding major 
          defense acquisition program contracts (sec. 803).......  1683
        Implementation of modular open systems approaches (sec. 
          804)...................................................  1683
        Congressional notification of termination of a middle 
          tier acquisition program (sec. 805)....................  1684
        Definition of material weakness for contractor business 
          systems (sec. 806).....................................  1684
        Space system acquisition and the adaptive acquisition 
          framework (sec. 807)...................................  1685
        Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint 
          Artificial Intelligence Center (sec. 808)..............  1685
        Assessments of the process for developing capability 
          requirements for Department of Defense acquisition 
          programs (sec. 809)....................................  1686
    Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, 
      Procedures, and Limitations................................  1686
        Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense (sec. 
          811)...................................................  1686
        Inclusion of software in Government performance of 
          acquisition functions (sec. 812).......................  1687
        Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of 
          acquisition programs and related initiatives (sec. 813)  1687
        Cost or pricing data reporting requirements for 
          Department of Defense contracts (sec. 814).............  1688
        Prompt payment of contractors (sec. 815).................  1688
        Documentation pertaining to commercial item 
          determinations (sec. 816)..............................  1689
        Modification to small purchase threshold exception to 
          sourcing requirements for certain articles (sec. 817)..  1689
        Repeal of program for qualified apprentices for military 
          construction contracts (sec. 818)......................  1690
        Modifications to mitigating risks related to foreign 
          ownership, control, or influence of Department of 
          Defense contractors and subcontractors (sec. 819)......  1690
        Contract closeout authority for services contracts (sec. 
          820)...................................................  1690
        Revision of proof required when using an evaluation 
          factor for employing or subcontracting with members of 
          the Selected Reserve (sec. 821)........................  1691
    Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology...  1691
        Contract authority for development and demonstration of 
          initial or additional prototype units (sec. 831).......  1691
        Extension of pilot program for streamlined awards for 
          innovative technology programs (sec. 832)..............  1691
        Listing of other transaction authority consortia (sec. 
          833)...................................................  1692
        Pilot program on the use of consumption-based solutions 
          to address software-intensive warfighting capability 
          (sec. 834).............................................  1692
        Balancing security and innovation in software development 
          and acquisition (sec. 835).............................  1693
        Digital modernization of analytical and decision-support 
          processes for managing and overseeing Department of 
          Defense acquisition programs (sec. 836)................  1694
        Safeguarding defense-sensitive United States intellectual 
          property, technology, and other data and information 
          (sec. 837).............................................  1695
        Comptroller General report on implementation of software 
          acquisition reforms (sec. 838).........................  1695
        Comptroller General report on intellectual property 
          acquisition and licensing (sec. 839)...................  1695
    Subtitle D--Industrial Base Matters..........................  1696
        Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit 
          boards (sec. 841)......................................  1696
        Report on nonavailability determinations and quarterly 
          national technology and industrial base briefings (sec. 
          842)...................................................  1696
        Modification of framework for modernizing acquisition 
          processes to ensure integrity of industrial base and 
          inclusion of optical transmission components (sec. 843)  1697
        Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal 
          products (sec. 844)....................................  1698
        Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods 
          other than United States goods (sec. 845)..............  1698
        Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the 
          national technology and industrial base (sec. 846).....  1698
        Report and limitation on the availability of funds 
          relating to eliminating the gaps and vulnerabilities in 
          the national technology and industrial base (sec. 847).  1699
        Supply of strategic and critical materials for the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 848).......................  1699
        Analyses of certain activities for action to address 
          sourcing and industrial capacity (sec. 849)............  1700
        Implementation of recommendations for assessing and 
          strengthening the manufacturing and defense industrial 
          base and supply chain resiliency (sec. 850)............  1701
        Report on strategic and critical materials (sec. 851)....  1702
        Report on aluminum refining, processing, and 
          manufacturing (sec. 852)...............................  1702
    Subtitle E--Small Business Matters...........................  1703
        Initiatives to support small businesses in the national 
          technology and industrial base (sec. 861)..............  1703
        Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned 
          and controlled by veterans or service-disabled veterans 
          to the Small Business Administration (sec. 862)........  1703
        Employment size standard requirements for small business 
          concerns (sec. 863)....................................  1704
        Maximum award price for sole source manufacturing 
          contracts (sec. 864)...................................  1704
        Reporting requirement on expenditure amounts for the 
          Small Business Innovation Research Program and the 
          Small Business Technology Transfer Program (sec. 865)..  1704
        Small businesses in territories of the United States 
          (sec. 866).............................................  1704
        Eligibility of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands for certain Small Business Administration 
          programs (sec. 867)....................................  1705
        Past performance ratings of certain small business 
          concerns (sec. 868)....................................  1705
        Extension of participation in 8(a) program (sec. 869)....  1705
        Compliance of Offices of Small Business and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization (sec. 870)........................  1705
        Category management training (sec. 871)..................  1706
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1706
        Review of and report on overdue acquisition and cross-
          servicing agreement transactions (sec. 881)............  1706
        Domestic comparative testing activities (sec. 882).......  1706
        Prohibition on awarding of contracts to contractors that 
          require nondisclosure agreements relating to waste, 
          fraud, or abuse (sec. 883).............................  1707
        Program management improvement officers and program 
          management policy council (sec. 884)...................  1707
        Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal 
          agency contract and grant officers (sec. 885)..........  1707
        Repeal of pilot program on payment of costs for denied 
          Government Accountability Office bid protests (sec. 
          886)...................................................  1708
        Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain 
          foreign military sales (sec. 887)......................  1709
        Revision to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts 
          for foreign military sales (sec. 888)..................  1709
        Assessment and enhancement of national security 
          innovation base (sec. 889).............................  1709
        Identification of certain contracts relating to 
          construction or maintenance of a border wall (sec. 890)  1710
        Waivers of certain conditions for progress payments under 
          certain contracts during the COVID-19 national 
          emergency (sec. 891)...................................  1710
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1711
        Modification to the definition of nontraditional defense 
          contractor.............................................  1711
        Competition requirements for purchases from Federal 
          Prison Industries......................................  1711
        Requirements concerning former Department of Defense 
          officials and lobbying activities......................  1711
        Enhanced domestic content requirement for major defense 
          acquisition programs...................................  1712
        Sense of Congress on the prohibition on certain 
          telecommunications and video surveillance services or 
          equipment..............................................  1713
        Domestic sourcing requirements for aluminum..............  1714
        Briefing on the supply chain for small unmanned aircraft 
          system components......................................  1714
        Prohibition on procurement or operation of foreign-made 
          unmanned aircraft systems..............................  1715
        Sense of Congress on gaps or vulnerabilities in the 
          national technology and industrial base................  1715
        Equitable adjustments to certain construction contracts..  1715
        Exemption of certain contracts awarded to small business 
          concerns from category management requirements.........  1716
        Report on accelerated payments to certain small business 
          concerns...............................................  1716
        Boots to Business Program................................  1716
        Modifications to supervision and award of certain 
          contracts..............................................  1717
        Authority to acquire innovative commercial products and 
          services using general solicitation competitive 
          procedures.............................................  1717
        Reports recommending disposition of notes and pertaining 
          to reorganization of certain sections of defense 
          acquisition statutes...................................  1717
        Prohibition on contracting with persons with willful or 
          repeated violations of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 
          1938...................................................  1718
        Reestablishment of Commission on Wartime Contracting.....  1719
        Congressional oversight of private security contractor 
          contracts..............................................  1719
        Revisions to the Unified Facilities Criteria regarding 
          the use of variable refrigerant flow systems...........  1719
        Recommendations for future direct selections.............  1719
        Report on the effect of the Defense Manufacturing 
          Communities Support Program on the defense supply chain  1720
        Disaster declaration in rural areas......................  1720
        Small business loans for nonprofit child care providers..  1720
TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT......  1721
    Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related 
      Matters....................................................  1721
        Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 901).......................  1721
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
          Low Intensity Conflict and related matters (sec. 902)..  1722
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy 
          (sec. 903).............................................  1723
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, 
          and Environment (sec. 904).............................  1724
        Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation (sec. 905).  1724
        Input from the Vice Chief of National Guard Bureau to the 
          Joint Requirements Oversight Council (sec. 906)........  1725
        Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within 
          the Office of the Secretary of Defense (sec. 907)......  1725
        Modernization of process used by the Department of 
          Defense to identify, task, and manage Congressional 
          reporting requirements (sec. 908)......................  1725
    Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and 
      Management Matters.........................................  1726
        Reform of the Department of Defense (sec. 911)...........  1726
        Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce (sec. 912).  1726
        Chief Diversity Officer and Senior Advisors for Diversity 
          and Inclusion (sec. 913)...............................  1727
        Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative 
          content delivery methods within the Defense Media 
          Activity (sec. 914)....................................  1727
    Subtitle C--Space Force Matters..............................  1727
        Office of the Chief of Space Operations (sec. 921).......  1727
        Clarification of Space Force and Chief of Space 
          Operations authorities (sec. 922)......................  1728
        Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions in 
          title 10, United States Code (sec. 923)................  1728
        Amendments to other provisions of title 10, United States 
          Code (sec. 924)........................................  1728
        Amendments to provisions of law relating to pay and 
          allowances (sec. 925)..................................  1728
        Amendments to provisions of law relating to veterans' 
          benefits (sec. 926)....................................  1728
        Amendments to other provisions of the United States Code 
          and other laws (sec. 927)..............................  1729
        Applicability to other provisions of law (sec. 928)......  1729
        Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of 
          members in pay grades E-8 and E-9 (sec. 929)...........  1729
        Limitation on transfer of military installations to the 
          jurisdiction of the Space Force (sec. 930).............  1729
        Organization of the Space Force (sec. 931)...............  1730
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1730
        Establishment of Deputy Assistant Secretaries for 
          Sustainment............................................  1730
        Redesignation of the Joint Forces Staff College..........  1731
        Comptroller General report on vulnerabilities of the 
          Department of Defense resulting from offshore technical 
          support call centers...................................  1731
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Space and Strategic 
          Deterrence Policy......................................  1732
        Space Force Medal........................................  1732
        Rank and grade structure of the United States Space Force  1732
        Report on the role of the Naval Postgraduate School in 
          space education........................................  1733
        Office of the Chief of Space Operations..................  1733
        Transfers of military and civilian personnel to the Space 
          Force..................................................  1733
        Application of acquisition demonstration project to 
          Department of the Air Force employees assigned to 
          acquisition positions within the Space Force...........  1734
        Annual report on establishment of field operating 
          agencies...............................................  1734
TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS......................................  1734
    Subtitle A--Financial Matters................................  1734
        General transfer authority (sec. 1001)...................  1734
        Budget materials for special operations forces (sec. 
          1002)..................................................  1735
        Application of Financial Improvement and Audit 
          Remediation Plan to fiscal years following fiscal year 
          2020 (sec. 1003).......................................  1735
        Incentives for the achievement by the components of the 
          Department of Defense of unqualified audit opinions on 
          the financial statements (sec. 1004)...................  1735
        Audit readiness and remediation (sec. 1005)..............  1735
        Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the 
          list of officers providing reports of unfunded 
          priorities (sec. 1006).................................  1736
    Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities...........................  1736
        Quarterly reports on Department of Defense support 
          provided to other United States agencies for 
          counterdrug activities and activities to counter 
          transnational organized crime (sec. 1011)..............  1736
    Subtitle C--Naval Vessels....................................  1737
        Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval 
          vessels plan and certification (sec. 1021).............  1737
        Limitations on use of funds in the National Defense 
          Sealift Fund for purchase of foreign constructed 
          vessels (sec. 1022)....................................  1737
        Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for 
          incrementally funded contracts to provide full funding 
          for Columbia class submarines (sec. 1023)..............  1738
        Preference for United States vessels in transporting 
          supplies by sea (sec. 1024)............................  1738
        Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels 
          in foreign shipyards (sec. 1025).......................  1738
        Biennial report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
          industrial base (sec. 1026)............................  1739
        Modification of waiver authority on prohibition on use of 
          funds for retirement of certain legacy maritime mine 
          countermeasure platforms (sec. 1027)...................  1739
        Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat (sec. 1028)........  1739
        Working group on stabilization of Navy shipbuilding 
          industrial base workforce (sec. 1029)..................  1739
        Limitation on naval force structure changes (sec. 1030)..  1739
    Subtitle D--Counterterrorism.................................  1740
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States 
          (sec. 1041)............................................  1740
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house 
          detainees transferred from United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1042).......................  1740
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries 
          (sec. 1043)............................................  1740
        Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, 
          Guantanamo Bay, Cuba (sec. 1044).......................  1740
    Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations........  1741
        Support of special operations to combat terrorism (sec. 
          1051)..................................................  1741
        Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense 
          clandestine activities that support operational 
          preparation of the environment (sec. 1052).............  1741
        Sale or donation of excess Department of Defense personal 
          property for law enforcement activities (sec. 1053)....  1742
        Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft 
          carriers before first refueling (sec. 1054)............  1742
        Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership 
          Program (sec. 1055)....................................  1742
        Modification and technical correction to Department of 
          Defense authority to provide assistance along the 
          southern land border of the United States (sec. 1056)..  1742
        Limitation on use of funds for retirement of A-10 
          aircraft (sec. 1057)...................................  1743
        Considerations relating to permanently basing United 
          States equipment or additional forces in host countries 
          with at-risk vendors in 5G or 6G networks (sec. 1058)..  1743
        Public availability of Department of Defense legislative 
          proposals (sec. 1059)..................................  1743
        Arctic planning, research, and development (sec. 1060)...  1744
        Authority to establish a movement coordination center 
          Pacific in the Indo-Pacific region (sec. 1061).........  1744
        Limitation on provision of funds to institutions of 
          higher education hosting Confucius Institutes (sec. 
          1062)..................................................  1744
        Support for national maritime heritage grants program 
          (sec. 1063)............................................  1745
        Requirements for use of Federal law enforcement 
          personnel, active duty members of the Armed Forces, and 
          National Guard personnel in support of Federal 
          authorities to respond to civil disturbances (sec. 
          1064)..................................................  1745
    Subtitle F--Studies and Reports..............................  1746
        FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies (sec. 
          1071)..................................................  1746
        Study on force structure for Marine Corps aviation (sec. 
          1072)..................................................  1746
        Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific 
          region (sec. 1073).....................................  1746
        Reports on threats to United States forces from small 
          unmanned aircraft systems worldwide (sec. 1074)........  1746
        Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) reports on 
          improving the budget justification and related 
          materials of the Department of Defense (sec. 1075).....  1747
        Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and 
          Control effort (sec. 1076).............................  1747
        Report on civilian casualty resourcing and authorities 
          (sec. 1077)............................................  1747
        Comptroller General Review of Department of Defense 
          efforts to prevent resale of goods manufactured by 
          forced labor in commissaries and exchanges (sec. 1078).  1748
        Comptroller General report on Department of Defense 
          processes for responding to congressional reporting 
          requirements (sec. 1079)...............................  1748
    Subtitle G--Other Matters....................................  1748
        Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments (sec. 
          1081)..................................................  1748
        Reporting on adverse events relating to consumer products 
          on military installations (sec. 1082)..................  1748
        Modification to First Division monument (sec. 1083)......  1749
        Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian 
          casualties resulting from United States military 
          operations (sec. 1084).................................  1749
        Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace 
          (sec. 1085)............................................  1749
        Duties of Secretary under uniformed and overseas citizens 
          absentee voting act (sec. 1086)........................  1750
        Mitigation of military helicopter noise (sec. 1087)......  1750
        Congressional expression of support for the designation 
          of National Borinqueneers Day (sec. 1088)..............  1750
        Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies (sec. 
          1089)..................................................  1751
        Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring 
          requirements for certain military training (sec. 1090).  1751
        Personal protective equipment matters (sec. 1091)........  1751
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1752
        Pandemic Preparedness and Resilience National Security 
          Fund...................................................  1752
        Support for counterdrug activities and activities to 
          counter transnational organized crime affecting flow of 
          drugs into the United States...........................  1752
        Codification of authority for joint task forces of the 
          Department of Defense to support law enforcement 
          agencies conducting counterterrorism or counter-
          transnational organized crime activities...............  1752
        Sense of Congress on actions necessary to achieve a 355-
          ship Navy..............................................  1753
        Prohibition on use of funds for retirement of certain 
          littoral combat ships..................................  1753
        Report on implementation of Commandant's Planning 
          Guidance...............................................  1753
        Annual report on use of social media by foreign terrorist 
          organizations..........................................  1754
        Clarification of authority of military commissions under 
          chapter 47A of title 10, United States Code, to punish 
          contempt...............................................  1754
        Prohibition on actions to infringe upon First Amendment 
          rights of peaceable assembly and petition for redress 
          of grievances..........................................  1754
        Battlefield airborne communications node certification 
          requirement............................................  1755
        Consideration of security risks in certain 
          telecommunications architecture for future overseas 
          basing decisions of the Department of Defense..........  1755
        Limitation on use of funds pending public availability of 
          top-line numbers of deployed members of the Armed 
          Forces.................................................  1755
        Inclusion of United States Naval Sea Cadet Corps among 
          youth and charitable organizations authorized to 
          receive assistance from the National Guard.............  1756
        Limitation on physical move, integration, reassignment, 
          or shift in responsibility of Marine Forces Northern 
          Command................................................  1756
        Sense of Congress on the basing of KC-46A aircraft 
          outside the contiguous United States...................  1756
        Curtailing Insurrection Act violations of individuals' 
          liberties..............................................  1756
        Inclusion of explosive ordnance disposal in special 
          operations activities..................................  1757
        Limitation on deactivation, unmanning, or selling of Army 
          watercraft assets pending comprehensive analysis of 
          mobility requirements and capabilities.................  1757
        Study on unemployment rate of female veterans who served 
          on active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 
          2001...................................................  1757
        Report on the Chemical and Biological Defense Program of 
          the Department of Defense..............................  1757
        Department of Defense strategic Arctic ports.............  1758
        Sense of Senate on Gold Star Families Remembrance Week...  1759
        Review of support of special operations to combat 
          terrorism..............................................  1759
        Report on the Human Rights Office at United States 
          Southern Command.......................................  1759
        Sense of Congress and strategy on catastrophic critical 
          infrastructure failure response........................  1760
        Report on recognition of African American servicemembers 
          in Department of Defense naming practices..............  1760
        Report on transforming business processes for 
          revolutionary change...................................  1761
        Report on agile program and project management...........  1761
        Publicly available database of casualties of members of 
          the Armed Forces.......................................  1762
        Department of Defense support for certain sporting events  1762
        Hemp products............................................  1763
        Integration of members of the Armed Forces who are 
          minorities.............................................  1763
        Protections for pregnant members of the Armed Forces.....  1763
        Release of Department of Defense documents on the 1981 El 
          Mozote massacre in El Salvador.........................  1763
        Inclusion on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall of the 
          names of the lost crew members of the U.S.S. Frank E. 
          Evans killed on June 3, 1969...........................  1763
        Increased realism and training effectiveness for airborne 
          anti-submarine warfare training at offshore training 
          ranges.................................................  1764
        Review of use of innovative wood product technology......  1764
        Modernization of congressional reports process...........  1764
        Report on pandemic preparedness and planning of the Navy.  1765
        Modification of Estimate of damages from Federal 
          Communications Commission Order 20-48..................  1765
TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS.............................  1765
    Subtitle A--General Provisions...............................  1765
        Department of Defense policy on unclassified workspaces 
          and job functions of personnel with pending security 
          clearances (sec. 1101).................................  1765
        Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in 
          the Department of Defense (sec. 1102)..................  1766
        Paid parental leave technical corrections (sec. 1103)....  1767
        Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances 
          in connection with transfer ceremonies of certain 
          civilian employees who die overseas (sec. 1104)........  1767
        One-year extension of authority to waive annual 
          limitation on premium pay and aggregate limitation on 
          pay for Federal civilian employees working overseas 
          (sec. 1105)............................................  1767
        One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian 
          personnel on official duty in a combat zone (sec. 1106)  1767
        Civilian faculty at the Defense Security Cooperation 
          University and Institute of Security Governance (sec. 
          1107)..................................................  1768
        Temporary authority to appoint retired members of the 
          Armed Forces to positions in the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 1108)............................................  1768
        Fire fighters alternative work schedule demonstration 
          project for the Navy Region Mid-Atlantic Fire and 
          Emergency Services (sec. 1109).........................  1769
        Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
          payments and other payments for Federal Government 
          personnel under chief of mission authority (sec. 1110).  1769
        Temporary increase in limitation on accumulation of 
          annual leave for Executive branch employees (sec. 1111)  1769
        Telework travel expenses program of the United States 
          Patent and Trademark Office (sec. 1112)................  1770
        Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for 
          Department of the Navy employees performing work aboard 
          or dockside in support of the nuclear-powered aircraft 
          carrier forward deployed in Japan (sec. 1113)..........  1770
        Enhanced pay authority for certain acquisition and 
          technology positions in the Department of Defense (sec. 
          1114)..................................................  1770
        Enhanced pay authority for certain research and 
          technology positions in the science and technology 
          reinvention laboratories of the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 1115)............................................  1770
        Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation 
          authority for civilian personnel for care and treatment 
          of wounded and injured members of the armed forces 
          (sec. 1116)............................................  1770
        Expansion of direct hire authority for certain Department 
          of Defense personnel to include installation military 
          housing office positions supervising privatized 
          military housing (sec. 1117)...........................  1771
        Extension of sunset of inapplicability of certification 
          of executive qualifications by qualification 
          certification review board of office of personnel 
          management for initial appointments to senior executive 
          service positions in department of defense (sec. 1118).  1771
        Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain high-
          level management positions in the Department of Defense 
          (sec. 1119)............................................  1771
        Recruitment incentives for placement at remote locations 
          (sec. 1120)............................................  1771
        Technical amendments regarding reimbursement of Federal, 
          State, and local income taxes incurred during travel, 
          transportation, and relocation (sec. 1121).............  1772
    Subtitle B--Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee 
      Antidiscrimination Act of 2020.............................  1772
        Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee Antidiscrimination 
          Act of 2020 (secs. 1131-1138)..........................  1772
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1772
        Limitation on authority to exclude employees from chapter 
          71 of title 5..........................................  1772
        Limiting the number of local wage areas defined within a 
          pay locality...........................................  1772
        Modification of direct hire authority for certain 
          personnel involved with Department of Defense 
          maintenance activities.................................  1773
        Report by Comptroller General of the United States on 
          diversity and inclusion within the civilian workforce 
          of the Department of Defense...........................  1773
        Vacancy of Inspector General positions...................  1774
TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS...................  1774
    Subtitle A--Assistance and Training..........................  1774
        Authority to build capacity for additional operations 
          (sec. 1201)............................................  1774
        Participation in European program on multilateral 
          exchange of surface transportation services (sec. 1202)  1775
        Participation in programs relating to coordination or 
          exchange of air refueling and air transportation 
          services (sec. 1203)...................................  1775
        Reciprocal patient movement agreements (sec. 1204).......  1775
        Modification to the Inter-European Air Forces Academy 
          (sec. 1205)............................................  1775
        Modification of authority for participation in 
          multinational centers of excellence (sec. 1206)........  1776
        Modification and extension of support of special 
          operations for irregular warfare (sec. 1207)...........  1776
        Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility 
          multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign countries 
          (sec. 1208)............................................  1776
        Modification and extension of update of Department of 
          Defense Freedom of Navigation Report (sec. 1209).......  1777
        Extension and modification of authority to support border 
          security operations of certain foreign countries (sec. 
          1210)..................................................  1777
        Extension of Department of Defense support for 
          stabilization activities in national security interest 
          of the United States (sec. 1210A)......................  1777
        Extension of report on workforce development (sec. 1210B)  1777
        Plan to increase participation in international military 
          education and training programs (sec. 1210C)...........  1777
        Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk 
          countries (sec. 1210D).................................  1778
        Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 
          2017 (sec. 1210E)......................................  1778
    Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan.....  1778
        Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement 
          of certain coalition nations for support provided to 
          United States military operations (sec. 1211)..........  1778
        Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program 
          (sec. 1212)............................................  1778
        Extension and modification of support for reconciliation 
          activities led by the Government of Afghanistan (sec. 
          1213)..................................................  1779
        Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency 
          Response Program (sec. 1214)...........................  1780
        Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to 
          Afghanistan (sec. 1215)................................  1780
        Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial 
          process of cultural objects (sec. 1216)................  1780
        Congressional oversight of United States talks with 
          Taliban officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive peace 
          process (sec. 1217)....................................  1781
        Strategy for post-conflict engagement on human rights in 
          Afghanistan (sec. 1218)................................  1781
        Modification to report on enhancing security and 
          stability in Afghanistan (sec. 1219)...................  1781
        Report on Operation Freedom's Sentinel (sec. 1220).......  1782
    Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran........  1782
        Extension and modification of authority to provide 
          assistance to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and 
          Syria (sec. 1221)......................................  1782
        Extension and modification of authority to provide 
          assistance to vetted Syrian groups and individuals 
          (sec. 1222)............................................  1783
        Extension and modification of authority to support 
          operations and activities of the Office of Security 
          Cooperation in Iraq (sec. 1223)........................  1783
        Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations (sec. 1224)...........  1783
        Report and budget details regarding Operation Spartan 
          Shield (sec. 1225).....................................  1783
    Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia.......................  1783
        Extension of limitation on military cooperation between 
          the United States and the Russian Federation (sec. 
          1231)..................................................  1783
        Matters relating to United States participation in the 
          Open Skies Treaty (sec. 1232)..........................  1784
        Prohibition on availability of funds relating to 
          sovereignty of the Russian Federation over Crimea (sec. 
          1233)..................................................  1784
        Annual report on military and security developments 
          involving the Russian Federation (sec. 1234)...........  1785
        Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative (sec. 1235).................................  1785
        Report on capability and capacity requirements of 
          military forces of Ukraine and resource plan for 
          security assistance (sec. 1236)........................  1786
        Report on Russian Federation support of racially and 
          ethnically motivated violent extremists (sec. 1237)....  1786
        Authorization of rewards for providing information on 
          foreign election interference (sec. 1238)..............  1787
    Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO..............  1787
        Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to 
          Turkey's acquisition of the S-400 air defense system 
          (sec. 1241)............................................  1787
        Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
          construction of Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream pipeline 
          projects (sec. 1242)...................................  1787
        Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
          national security forces in the course of multilateral 
          exercises (sec. 1243)..................................  1788
        Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic 
          Treaty Organization (sec. 1244)........................  1788
        Limitation on United States force structure reductions in 
          Germany (sec. 1245)....................................  1788
        Report on United States military force posture in 
          Southeastern Europe (sec. 1246)........................  1788
        Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to 
          ensure the security of Baltic allies (sec. 1247).......  1789
        Sense of Congress on the role of the Kosovo Force of the 
          North Atlantic Treaty Organization (sec. 1248).........  1789
    Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region......  1789
        Pacific Deterrence Initiative (sec. 1251)................  1789
        Extension and modification of prohibition on commercial 
          export of certain covered munitions items to the Hong 
          Kong Police Force (sec. 1252)..........................  1790
        Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup 
          (sec. 1253)............................................  1790
        Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for 
          Vietnamese personnel missing in action (sec. 1254).....  1790
        Sense of Congress on the United States-Vietnam defense 
          relationship (sec. 1255)...............................  1790
        Pilot program to improve cyber cooperation with Vietnam, 
          Thailand, and Indonesia (sec. 1256)....................  1798
        Report on the costs most directly associated with the 
          stationing of the Armed Forces in Japan (sec. 1257)....  1799
        Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who 
          are deployed to South Korea (sec. 1258)................  1799
        Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of 
          United States forces to counter North Korean chemical 
          and biological weapons (sec. 1259).....................  1799
        Statement of policy and sense of Congress on the Taiwan 
          Relations Act (sec. 1260)..............................  1800
        Annual briefing on Taiwan arms sales (sec. 1260A)........  1800
        Report on United States-Taiwan medical security 
          partnership (sec. 1260B)...............................  1800
        Establishment of capabilities to assess the defense 
          technological and industrial bases of China and other 
          foreign adversaries (sec. 1260C).......................  1801
        Extension of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China 
          (sec. 1260D)...........................................  1801
        Sense of Congress on the aggression of the Government of 
          China along the border with India and its growing 
          territorial claims (sec. 1260E)........................  1802
        Assessment of National Cyber Strategy to deter China from 
          engaging in industrial espionage and cyber theft (sec. 
          1260F).................................................  1802
        Report on United Front Work Department (sec. 1260G)......  1802
        Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating 
          in the United States (sec. 1260H)......................  1802
        Report on directed use of fishing fleets (sec. 1260I)....  1802
    Subtitle G--Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and 
      Fiscal Transparency Act of 2020............................  1803
        Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and Fiscal 
          Transparency Act of 2020 (secs. 1261-1270E)............  1803
    Subtitle H--United States Israel Security Assistance 
      Authorization Act of 2020..................................  1803
        Short title (sec. 1271)..................................  1803
        Sense of Congress on United States-Israel relationship 
          (sec. 1272)............................................  1803
        Security assistance for Israel (sec. 1273)...............  1803
        Extension of war reserves stockpile authority (sec. 1274)  1803
        Rules governing the transfer of precision-guided 
          munitions to Israel above the annual restriction (sec. 
          1275)..................................................  1804
        Eligibility of Israel for the strategic trade 
          authorization exception to certain export control 
          licensing requirements (sec. 1276).....................  1804
        United States Agency for International Development 
          memoranda of understanding to enhance cooperation with 
          Israel (sec. 1277).....................................  1804
        Cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and 
          developing countries (sec. 1278).......................  1805
        Joint cooperative program related to innovation and high-
          tech for the Middle East region (sec. 1279)............  1805
        Cooperation on directed energy capabilities (sec. 1280)..  1805
        Other matters of cooperation (sec. 1280A)................  1805
        Appropriate congressional committees defined (sec. 1280B)  1806
    Subtitle I--Global Child Thrive Act of 2020..................  1806
        Global Child Thrive Act of 2020 (secs. 1281-1285)........  1806
    Subtitle J--Matters Relating to Africa and the Middle East...  1806
        Briefing and report relating to reduction in the total 
          number of United States Armed Forces deployed to United 
          States Africa Command area of responsibility (sec. 
          1291)..................................................  1806
        Notification with respect to withdrawal of members of the 
          Armed Forces participating in the Multinational Force 
          and Observers in Egypt (sec. 1292).....................  1806
        Report on enhancing security partnerships between the 
          United States and African countries (sec. 1293)........  1807
        Plan to address gross violations of human rights and 
          civilian harm in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger 
          (sec. 1294)............................................  1807
        Statement of policy and report relating to the conflict 
          in Yemen (sec. 1295)...................................  1807
        Report on United States military support of the Saudi-led 
          coalition in Yemen (sec. 1296).........................  1808
        Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to 
          United States medical institutions (sec. 1297).........  1808
    Subtitle K--Other Matters....................................  1808
        Provision of goods and services at Kwajalein Atoll, 
          Republic of the Marshall Islands (sec. 1299A)..........  1808
        Report on contributions received from designated 
          countries (sec. 1299B).................................  1808
        Modification to initiative to support protection of 
          national security academic researchers from undue 
          influence and other security threats (sec. 1299C)......  1809
        Extension of authorization of non-conventional assisted 
          recovery capabilities (sec. 1299D).....................  1809
        Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of 
          adversaries (sec. 1299E)...............................  1810
        Countering white identity terrorism globally (sec. 1299F)  1810
        Report on progress of the Department of Defense with 
          respect to denying the strategic goals of a competitor 
          against a covered defense partner (sec. 1299G).........  1811
        Comparative studies on defense budget transparency of the 
          People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and 
          the United States (sec. 1299H).........................  1811
        Assessment of weapons of mass destruction terrorism (sec. 
          1299I).................................................  1812
        Review of Department of Defense compliance with 
          ``Principles Related to the Protection of Medical Care 
          Provided by Impartial Humanitarian Organizations During 
          Armed Conflicts'' (sec. 1299J).........................  1813
        Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala (sec. 
          1299K).................................................  1813
        Functional Center for Security Studies in Irregular 
          Warfare (sec. 1299L)...................................  1814
        United States-Israel operations-technology cooperation 
          within the United States-Israel Defense Acquisition 
          Advisory Group (sec. 1299M)............................  1815
        Payment of passport fees for certain individuals (sec. 
          1299N).................................................  1815
        Resumption of Peace Corps operations (sec. 1299O)........  1815
        Establishment of the Open Technology Fund (sec. 1299P)...  1816
        United States Agency for Global Media (sec. 1299Q).......  1816
        Leveraging information on foreign traffickers (sec. 
          1299R).................................................  1816
        Rule of construction relating to use of military force 
          (sec. 1299S)...........................................  1816
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1816
        Authority to build capacity for air sovereignty 
          operations.............................................  1816
        Report on human rights and building partner capacity 
          programs...............................................  1817
        Sense of Congress on Peshmerga forces as a partner in 
          Operation Inherent Resolve.............................  1817
        Report on the threat posed by Iranian-backed militias in 
          Iraq...................................................  1818
        Sense of Congress on support for Ukraine.................  1818
        Sense of Senate on North Atlantic Treaty Organization 
          enhanced opportunities partner status for Ukraine......  1818
        Report on the threat posed by Iranian-backed militias in 
          Iraq...................................................  1819
        Report on presence of Russian military forces in other 
          foreign countries......................................  1819
        Countering Russian and other overseas kleptocracy........  1819
        Sense of Senate on strategic competition with the Russian 
          Federation and related activities of the Department of 
          Defense................................................  1820
        Sense of Congress on support for Georgia.................  1820
        Sense of Congress on burden sharing by partners and 
          allies.................................................  1820
        Sense of Congress on NATO's response to the COVID-19 
          pandemic...............................................  1821
        Coordination of stockpiles with the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization and other allies..........................  1821
        Report on China's One Belt, One Road Initiative in Africa  1821
        Training of ally and partner air forces in Guam..........  1822
        Report on supply chain security cooperation with Taiwan..  1822
        Sense of Congress on United States commitments to Pacific 
          allies.................................................  1823
        Restrictions on export, reexport, and in-country 
          transfers of certain items that provide a critical 
          capability to the Government of the People's Republic 
          of China to suppress individual privacy, freedom, and 
          other basic human rights...............................  1823
        Southeast Asia Strategy..................................  1823
        Sense of Congress on strategic security relationship 
          between the United States and Mongolia.................  1823
        Sense of Congress on co-development with Japan of a long-
          range ground-based anti-ship cruise missile system.....  1823
        Statement of policy on cooperation in the Indo-Pacific 
          region.................................................  1824
        Expanding the state partnership program in Africa........  1824
        Sense of Congress with respect to Qatar..................  1824
        Prohibition on support for military participation against 
          the Houthis............................................  1824
        Report on risk to personnel, equipment, and operations 
          due to Huawei 5G architecture in host countries........  1825
        Allied burden sharing report.............................  1825
        Establishment of the Office of Subnational Diplomacy.....  1825
        Assessment of effectiveness of United States policies 
          relating to exports of United States-origin Unmanned 
          Aerial Systems that are assessed to be ``Category I'' 
          items under the Missile Technology Control Regime......  1825
        Sense of Congress on the United States-Israel 
          relationship...........................................  1826
        Report on internally displaced peoples in Ukraine, 
          Georgia, Moldova, and Azerbaijan.......................  1826
        Enhancing Engagement with the Caribbean..................  1826
        Amendments to Annual Country Reports on Human Rights 
          Practices..............................................  1826
        Establishment of National Commission on U.S. 
          Counterterrorism Policy................................  1827
        Program to prevent, mitigate, and respond to civilian 
          harm as a result of military operations in Somalia.....  1827
        Improved coordination of United States sanctions policy..  1827
        Sense of Congress relating to Grand Ethiopian Renaissance 
          Dam....................................................  1827
        Report on all comprehensive sanctions imposed on foreign 
          governments............................................  1828
        Limitation on assistance to Brazil.......................  1828
        Report on incidents of arbitrary detention, violence, and 
          state-sanctioned harassment by the Government of Egypt 
          against United States citizens and their family members 
          who are not United States citizens.....................  1828
        Protection and promotion of internationally recognized 
          human rights during the novel coronavirus pandemic.....  1829
        Promoting human rights in Colombia.......................  1829
        Report on Venezuela......................................  1830
        Prohibition on use of funds for aerial fumigation........  1831
        Report on support for democratic reforms by the 
          Government of the Republic of Georgia..................  1831
        Transfer of excess naval vessels to the Government of 
          Egypt..................................................  1831
        Limitation on production of nuclear proliferation 
          assessment statements..................................  1831
        Report on Mexican Security Forces........................  1831
        Global Health Security Act of 2020.......................  1832
        Definitions..............................................  1832
        Sunset...................................................  1833
        Robert Levinson Hostage Recovery and Hostage-Taking 
          Accountability Act.....................................  1833
        Matters relating to the Northern Triangle................  1833
        Foreign military loan authority..........................  1833
        Report on NATO member contributions......................  1833
        Efforts to counter malign authoritarian influence........  1833
        Sense of Senate on United States-Israel cooperation on 
          precision-guided munitions.............................  1834
        Blocking deadly fentanyl imports.........................  1834
        Findings.................................................  1834
        Extension of loan guarantees to Israel...................  1834
        Sense of Congress on rapid acquisition and deployment 
          procedures.............................................  1835
        Sense of Congress on United States-Israel economic 
          cooperation............................................  1835
        Plans to provide Israel with necessary defense articles 
          and services in a contingency..........................  1835
        Banking Transparency for Sanctioned Persons Act of 2019..  1835
TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION.........................  1835
        Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
          reduction funds (sec. 1301)............................  1835
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1835
        Sense of Congress regarding biological threat reduction 
          and cooperative biological engagement of the 
          cooperative threat reduction program...................  1835
TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  1837
    Subtitle A--Military Programs................................  1837
        Working capital funds (sec. 1401)........................  1837
        Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense (sec. 
          1402)..................................................  1837
        Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-
          wide (sec. 1403).......................................  1837
        Defense Inspector General (sec. 1404)....................  1838
        Defense health program (sec. 1405).......................  1838
    Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home.....................  1838
        Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home (sec. 1411)............................  1838
        Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed 
          Forces Retirement Home (sec. 1412).....................  1838
        Periodic inspections of Armed Forces Retirement Home 
          facilities by nationally recognized accrediting 
          organization (sec. 1413)...............................  1838
    Subtitle C--Other Matters....................................  1839
        Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
          demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health 
          Care Center, Illinois (sec. 1421)......................  1839
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1839
        National Defense Sealift Fund............................  1839
TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
  CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS.........................................  1839
    Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations..................  1839
        Purpose (sec. 1501)......................................  1839
        Overseas contingency operations (sec. 1502)..............  1840
        Procurement (sec. 1503)..................................  1840
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 1504)..  1840
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 1505)....................  1840
        Military personnel (sec. 1506)...........................  1840
        Working capital funds (sec. 1507)........................  1840
        Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-
          wide (sec. 1508).......................................  1840
        Defense Inspector General (sec. 1509)....................  1841
        Defense Health Program (sec. 1510).......................  1841
    Subtitle B--Financial Matters................................  1841
        Treatment as additional authorizations (sec. 1511).......  1841
        Special transfer authority (sec. 1512)...................  1841
    Subtitle C--Other Matters....................................  1841
        Afghanistan Security Forces Fund (sec. 1521).............  1841
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1842
        Report on transitioning funding..........................  1842
        Transition and enhancement of inspector general 
          authorities for Afghanistan reconstruction.............  1842
TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
  MATTERS........................................................  1843
    Subtitle A--Space Activities.................................  1843
        Space Development Agency development requirements and 
          transfer to Space Force (sec. 1601)....................  1843
        Personnel management authority for Space Development 
          Agency for experts in science and engineering (sec. 
          1602)..................................................  1843
        Requirement to buy certain satellite components from 
          national technology and industrial base (sec. 1603)....  1844
        Conforming amendments relating to reestablishment of 
          Space Command (sec. 1604)..............................  1844
        Clarification of authority for procurement of commercial 
          satellite communications services (sec. 1605)..........  1844
        National Security Space Launch program (sec. 1606).......  1845
        Commercial space domain awareness capabilities (sec. 
          1607)..................................................  1846
        Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads (sec. 
          1608)..................................................  1846
        Tactically responsive space launch operations (sec. 1609)  1847
        Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program 
          for multi-global navigation satellite system receiver 
          development (sec. 1610)................................  1847
        Resilient and survivable positioning, navigation, and 
          timing capabilities (sec. 1611)........................  1847
        Leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing (sec. 
          1612)..................................................  1848
        Strategy to strengthen civil and national security 
          capabilities and operations in space (sec. 1613).......  1848
        Report and strategy on space competition with China (sec. 
          1614)..................................................  1849
    Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related 
      Activities.................................................  1849
        Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-
          Intelligence Agency (sec. 1621)........................  1849
        National Academies Climate Security Roundtable (sec. 
          1622)..................................................  1849
        Efficient use of sensitive compartmented information 
          facilities (sec. 1623).................................  1850
    Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces...................................  1850
        Semiannual updates on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons 
          Council; limitation on availability of funds relating 
          to such updates (sec. 1631)............................  1850
        Role of Nuclear Weapons Council with respect to 
          performance requirements and budget for nuclear weapons 
          programs (sec. 1632)...................................  1850
        Modification of Government Accountability Office review 
          of annual reports on nuclear weapons enterprise (sec. 
          1633)..................................................  1851
        Independent study on nuclear weapons programs of certain 
          foreign countries (sec. 1634)..........................  1851
        Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental 
          ballistic missiles of the United States (sec. 1635)....  1852
    Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs.........................  1852
        Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1641)......................  1852
        Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
          information and systems (sec. 1642)....................  1853
        Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense 
          programs to military departments (sec. 1643)...........  1853
        Extension of requirement for Comptroller General review 
          and assessment of missile defense acquisition programs 
          (sec. 1644)............................................  1853
        Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
          space sensor payload (sec. 1645).......................  1853
        Ground-based midcourse defense interim capability (sec. 
          1646)..................................................  1854
        Next generation interceptors (sec. 1647).................  1855
        Report on and limitation on availability of funds for 
          layered homeland missile defense system (sec. 1648)....  1856
        Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and 
          co-production (sec. 1649)..............................  1856
        Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile 
          threats (sec. 1650)....................................  1857
        Reports on cruise missile defense and North Warning 
          System (sec. 1651).....................................  1857
    Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Certain Commercial 
      Terrestrial Operations.....................................  1857
        Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes 
          relating to the Global Positioning System (sec. 1661)..  1857
        Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating 
          commercial terrestrial communication networks that 
          cause harmful interference with the Global Positioning 
          System (sec. 1662).....................................  1858
        Independent technical review of Federal Communications 
          Commission Order 20-48 (sec. 1663).....................  1858
        Estimate of damages from Federal Communications 
          Commission Order 20-48 (sec. 1664).....................  1858
    Subtitle F--Other Matters....................................  1858
        Conventional prompt strike (sec. 1671)...................  1858
        Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports 
          on missile systems and arms control treaties (sec. 
          1672)..................................................  1859
        Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and 
          Nuclear Posture Review (sec. 1673).....................  1859
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1859
        Responsive satellite infrastructure......................  1859
        Space launch rate assessment.............................  1860
        Report on impact of acquisition strategy for the National 
          Security Space Launch Program on emerging foreign space 
          launch providers.......................................  1861
        Report on effect of COVID-19 on space industrial base and 
          space programs of Department of Defense................  1861
        Satellite ground network frequency licensing.............  1861
        Report on resilient protected communications satellites..  1862
        Exercises of nuclear command, control, and communications 
          system.................................................  1862
        Role of Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Energy on 
          Nuclear Weapons Council................................  1863
        Briefing on nuclear weapons storage and maintenance 
          facilities of the Air Force............................  1863
        Sense of the Senate on nuclear cooperation between the 
          United States and the United Kingdom...................  1864
        Missile defense cooperation between the United States and 
          Israel.................................................  1865
        Report on consideration of risks of inadvertent 
          escalation to nuclear war..............................  1865
        Report on electromagnetic pulse hardening of ground-based 
          strategic deterrent weapons system.....................  1866
TITLE XVII--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS...........................  1866
        Modification of mission of Cyber Command and assignment 
          of cyber operations forces (sec. 1701).................  1866
        Modification of scope of notification requirements for 
          sensitive military cyber operations (sec. 1702)........  1866
        Modification of requirements for quarterly Department of 
          Defense cyber operations briefings for Congress (sec. 
          1703)..................................................  1866
        Clarification relating to protection from liability of 
          operationally critical contractors (sec. 1704).........  1867
        Strengthening Federal networks; CISA cybersecurity 
          support to agencies (sec. 1705)........................  1867
        Improvements relating to the quadrennial cyber posture 
          review (sec. 1706).....................................  1867
        Modification of authority to use operation and 
          maintenance funds for cyber operations-peculiar 
          capability development projects (sec. 1707)............  1868
        Personnel management authority for Commander of United 
          States Cyber Command and development program for 
          offensive cyber operations (sec. 1708).................  1868
        Applicability of reorientation of Big Data Platform 
          program to Department of Navy (sec. 1709)..............  1868
        Report on Cyber Institutes program (sec. 1710)...........  1869
        Modification of acquisition authority of Commander of 
          United States Cyber Command (sec. 1711)................  1869
        Modification of requirements relating to the Strategic 
          Cybersecurity Program and the evaluation of cyber 
          vulnerabilities of major weapon systems of the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1712)......................  1869
        Modification of position of Principal Cyber Advisor (sec. 
          1713)..................................................  1869
        Cyberspace Solarium Commission (sec. 1714)...............  1870
        Establishment in Department of Homeland Security of joint 
          cyber planning office (sec. 1715)......................  1870
        Subpoena authority (sec. 1716)...........................  1870
        Cybersecurity State Coordinator (sec. 1717)..............  1870
        Cybersecurity advisory committee (sec. 1718).............  1870
        Cybersecurity education and training assistance program 
          (sec. 1719)............................................  1871
        Framework for cyber hunt forward operations (sec. 1720)..  1871
        Rationalization and integration of parallel cybersecurity 
          architectures and operations (sec. 1721)...............  1871
        Assessing risk to national security of quantum computing 
          (sec. 1722)............................................  1871
        Tailored cyberspace operations organizations (sec. 1723).  1872
        Responsibility for cybersecurity and critical 
          infrastructure protection of the defense industrial 
          base (sec. 1724).......................................  1872
        Pilot program on remote provision by National Guard to 
          National Guards of other States of cybersecurity 
          technical assistance in training, preparation, and 
          response to cyber incidents (sec. 1725)................  1873
        Department of Defense cyber workforce efforts (sec. 1726)  1873
        Reporting requirements for cross domain incidents and 
          exemptions to policies for information technology (sec. 
          1727)..................................................  1874
        Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity 
          (sec. 1728)............................................  1874
        Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National 
          Guard (sec. 1729)......................................  1874
        Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the 
          Department of Defense (sec. 1730)......................  1874
        Integrated cybersecurity center plan (sec. 1731).........  1875
        Assessment of cyber operational planning and 
          deconfliction policies and processes (sec. 1732).......  1875
        Pilot program on cybersecurity capability metrics (sec. 
          1733)..................................................  1876
        Assessment of effect of inconsistent timing and use of 
          Network Address Translation in Department of Defense 
          networks (sec. 1734)...................................  1876
        Integration of Department of Defense user activity 
          monitoring and cybersecurity (sec. 1735)...............  1876
        Defense industrial base cybersecurity sensor architecture 
          plan (sec. 1736).......................................  1876
        Assessment on defense industrial base participation in a 
          threat information sharing program (sec. 1737).........  1877
        Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense 
          industrial supply chain on matters relating to 
          cybersecurity (sec. 1738)..............................  1877
        Assessment on defense industrial base cybersecurity 
          threat hunting program (sec. 1739).....................  1878
        Defense Digital Service (sec. 1740)......................  1878
        Matters concerning the College of Information and 
          Cyberspace and limitation of funding for National 
          Defense University (sec. 1741).........................  1879
        Department of Defense cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity 
          Maturity Model Certification framework (sec. 1742).....  1879
        Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
          cybersecurity training center for the Army National 
          Guard (sec. 1743)......................................  1880
        National cyber exercises (sec. 1744).....................  1880
        Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review 
          (sec. 1745)............................................  1880
        Report on enabling United States Cyber Command resource 
          allocation (sec. 1746).................................  1881
        Ensuring cyber resiliency of nuclear command and control 
          system (sec. 1747).....................................  1881
        Requirements for review of and limitations on the Joint 
          Regional Security Stacks activity (sec. 1748)..........  1881
        Implementation of information operations matters (sec. 
          1749)..................................................  1882
        Report on use of encryption by Department of Defense 
          national security systems (sec. 1750)..................  1882
        Guidance and direction on use of direct hiring processes 
          for artificial intelligence professionals and other 
          data science and software development personnel (sec. 
          1751)..................................................  1882
        National Cyber Director (sec. 1752)......................  1882
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1883
        Cyber threat information collaboration environment.......  1883
        Critical infrastructure cyber incident reporting 
          procedures.............................................  1883
        Funding for National Center for Hardware and Embedded 
          Systems Security and Trust.............................  1883
TITLE XVIII--TRANSFER AND REORGANIZATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION 
  STATUTES.......................................................  1883
        Transfer and reorganization of defense acquisition 
          statutes (secs. 1801-1885).............................  1883
DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS.................  1884
        Summary and explanation of funding tables................  1884
        Short title (sec. 2001)..................................  1885
        Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law (sec. 2002)...........................  1885
        Effective date (sec. 2003)...............................  1885
TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION............................  1885
        Summary..................................................  1885
        Authorized Army construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2101)...................................  1887
        Family housing (sec. 2102)...............................  1887
        Authorization of appropriations, Army (sec. 2103)........  1887
        Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein 
          Atoll (sec. 2104)......................................  1887
        Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2017 
          project at Camp Walker, Korea (sec. 2105)..............  1887
TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...........................  1887
        Summary..................................................  1887
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2201)...................................  1888
        Family housing and improvements to military family 
          housing units (sec. 2202)..............................  1888
        Authorization of appropriations, Navy (sec. 2203)........  1889
TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION.....................  1889
        Summary..................................................  1889
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2301)...................................  1890
        Family housing and improvements to military family 
          housing units (sec. 2302)..............................  1890
        Authorization of appropriations, Air Force (sec. 2303)...  1890
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2018 project (sec. 2304)..........................  1891
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2019 projects (sec. 2305).........................  1891
        Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal 
          year 2020 projects (sec. 2306).........................  1891
        Technical corrections related to authority to carry out 
          certain fiscal year 2020 family housing projects (sec. 
          2307)..................................................  1891
TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION...............  1891
        Summary..................................................  1891
        Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2401).......................  1892
        Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects (sec. 2402)...........................  1893
        Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies (sec. 
          2403)..................................................  1893
        Independent study on Western Emergency Refined Fuel 
          Reserves (sec. 2404)...................................  1893
TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS................................  1893
    Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security 
      Investment Program.........................................  1893
        Summary..................................................  1893
        Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2501)...................................  1893
        Authorization of appropriations, NATO (sec. 2502)........  1894
        Execution of projects under the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization Security Investment Program (sec. 2503)...  1894
    Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions...............  1894
        Republic of Korea funded construction projects (sec. 
          2511)..................................................  1894
        Qatar funded construction projects (sec. 2512)...........  1894
TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES..................  1894
        Summary..................................................  1894
        Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2601).......................  1895
        Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2602)...................................  1895
        Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve 
          construction and land acquisition projects (sec. 2603).  1895
        Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2604).......................  1896
        Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects (sec. 2605).......................  1896
        Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and 
          Reserve (sec. 2606)....................................  1896
        Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2020 
          project in Alabama (sec. 2607).........................  1896
TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES.............  1896
        Summary..................................................  1896
        Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense 
          Base Closure Account (sec. 2701).......................  1897
        Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round (sec. 2702).......................  1897
        Plan to finish remediation activities conducted by the 
          Secretary of the Army in Umatilla, Oregon (sec. 2703)..  1897
TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS...........  1897
    Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes............  1897
        Modification and clarification of construction authority 
          in the event of a declaration of war or national 
          emergency (sec. 2801)..................................  1897
        Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of 
          dollar thresholds applicable to unspecified minor 
          military construction authorities (sec. 2802)..........  1897
        Modification of reporting requirements regarding certain 
          military construction projects and military family 
          housing projects, contracts, and agreements (sec. 2803)  1898
        Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
          life-cycle cost for military construction (sec. 2804)..  1898
        Congressional project authorization required for military 
          construction projects for energy resilience, energy 
          security, and energy conservation (sec. 2805)..........  1898
        One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
          operation and maintenance funds for construction 
          projects in certain areas outside the United States 
          (sec. 2806)............................................  1898
        Responsibility of Navy for military construction 
          requirements for certain Fleet Readiness Centers (sec. 
          2807)..................................................  1898
    Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms..................  1899
        Modifications and technical corrections related to 
          military housing privatization reform (sec. 2811)......  1899
        Repeal of authority to lease substandard family housing 
          units to members of the uniformed services (sec. 2812).  1899
        Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense 
          Family Housing Improvement Fund (sec. 2813)............  1899
        Availability of information regarding assessment of 
          performance metrics for contracts for provision or 
          management of privatized military housing (sec. 2814)..  1899
        Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement 
          recommendations relating to military family housing 
          contained in report by Inspector General of Department 
          of Defense (sec. 2815).................................  1899
        Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military 
          families displaced from privatized military housing 
          (sec. 2816)............................................  1900
        Promulgation of guidance on relocation of residents of 
          military housing impacted by presence of mold (sec. 
          2817)..................................................  1900
        Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for 
          privatized military housing and hazard and habitability 
          inspection and assessment requirements to Government-
          owned and Government-controlled military family housing 
          (sec. 2818)............................................  1900
    Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration......  1900
        Acceptance of property by military service academies, 
          professional military education schools, and military 
          museums subject to naming-rights condition (sec. 2821).  1900
        Codification of reporting requirements regarding United 
          States overseas military enduring locations and 
          contingency locations (sec. 2822)......................  1901
        Promotion of energy resilience and energy security in 
          privatized utility systems (sec. 2823).................  1901
        Vesting exercise of discretion with Secretaries of the 
          military departments regarding entering into longer-
          term contracts for utility services (sec. 2824)........  1901
        Use of on-site energy production to promote military 
          installation energy resilience and energy security 
          (sec. 2825)............................................  1902
        Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense 
          infrastructure supporting critical missions (sec. 2826)  1902
        Improving water management and security on military 
          installations (sec. 2827)..............................  1902
        Prohibition relating to closure or return to host nation 
          of existing military installations, infrastructure, or 
          real property in Europe (sec. 2828)....................  1902
    Subtitle D--Land Conveyances.................................  1902
        Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona (sec. 2831)........  1902
        Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial 
          Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, California (sec. 
          2832)..................................................  1903
        Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, Lathrop, California 
          (sec. 2833)............................................  1903
        Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California (sec. 
          2834)..................................................  1903
        Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar 
          System receiving station, Modoc County, California 
          (sec. 2835)............................................  1903
        Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support 
          Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel (sec. 2836)......  1903
        Lease extension, Bryan Multi-Sports Complex, Wayne 
          County, North Carolina (sec. 2837).....................  1903
        Land conveyances, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee 
          (sec. 2838)............................................  1904
    Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals........................  1904
        Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit 
          Naval Air Facility, El Centro, California (sec. 2841)..  1904
        Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal 
          and reservation (sec. 2842)............................  1904
        Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal 
          and reservation (sec. 2843)............................  1904
        Establishment of interagency committees on joint use of 
          certain land withdrawn from appropriation under public 
          land laws (sec. 2844)..................................  1905
    Subtitle F--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues.............  1905
        Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency 
          Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam 
          Realignment (sec. 2851)................................  1905
        Additional exception to restriction on development of 
          public infrastructure in connection with realignment of 
          Marine Corps forces in Asia-Pacific region (sec. 2852).  1905
        Development of master plan for infrastructure to support 
          rotational Armed Forces in Australia (sec. 2853).......  1905
        Bulk fuel management in United States Indo-Pacific 
          Command Area of Responsibility (sec. 2854).............  1906
    Subtitle G--Authorized Pilot Programs........................  1906
        Pilot program to authorize use of cost savings realized 
          from intergovernmental services agreements for 
          installation-support services (sec. 2861)..............  1906
        Department of Defense pilot program to evaluate expansion 
          of land exchange authority (sec. 2862).................  1906
        Pilot program to support combatant command military 
          construction priorities (sec. 2863)....................  1907
        Department of Defense pilot program to evaluate expansion 
          of land exchange authority (sec. 2862).................  1907
        Pilot program to support combatant command military 
          construction priorities (sec. 2863)....................  1907
        Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators 
          in a microgrid configuration at certain military 
          installations (sec. 2864)..............................  1907
        Pilot program to authorize additional military 
          construction projects for child development centers at 
          military installations (sec. 2865).....................  1907
        Department of the Army pilot program for development and 
          use of online real estate inventory tool (sec. 2866)...  1907
    Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Studies and Reports................  1907
        Reports regarding decision-making process used to locate 
          or relocate major headquarters and certain military 
          units and weapon systems (sec. 2871)...................  1907
        Report on effect of noise restrictions on military 
          installations and operations and development and 
          implementation of noise mitigation measures (sec. 2872)  1908
        Study and report regarding continued need for protected 
          aircraft shelters in Europe and status of United States 
          air base resiliency in Europe (sec. 2873)..............  1908
    Subtitle I--Other Matters....................................  1908
        Military construction infrastructure and weapon system 
          synchronization for Ground Based Strategic Deterrent 
          (sec. 2881)............................................  1908
        Defense Community Infrastructure Program (sec. 2882).....  1909
        Consideration of certain military family readiness issues 
          in making basing decisions associated with certain 
          military units and major headquarters (sec. 2883)......  1909
        Department of Defense policy for regulation in military 
          communities of dangerous dogs kept as pets (sec. 2884).  1910
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1910
        Biannual report regarding military installations 
          supported by disaster relief appropriations............  1910
        Establishment of Exceptional Family Member Program 
          housing liaison........................................  1911
        Department of Defense report on criteria and metrics used 
          to evaluate performance of landlords of privatized 
          military housing that receive incentive fees...........  1911
        Report on Department of Defense efforts regarding 
          oversight and role in management of privatized military 
          housing................................................  1912
        Improved Department of Defense and landlord response to 
          identification and remediation of severe environmental 
          health hazards in military housing.....................  1912
        Additional requirements regarding Nevada Test and 
          Training Range.........................................  1912
        Specified duration of White Sands Missile Range land 
          withdrawal and reservation and establishment of special 
          reservation area for northern and western extension 
          areas..................................................  1912
        Grand Canyon Centennial Protection Act...................  1913
        Department of Defense report on easements and leased 
          lands in Hawai'i.......................................  1913
        Pilot program on reduction of effects of military 
          aviation noise on certain covered property.............  1913
        Equal treatment of insured depository institutions and 
          credit unions operating on military installations......  1914
        Thad Cochran Headquarters building.......................  1914
        Sense of Congress on relocation of Joint Spectrum Center.  1914
TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION  1914
        Summary..................................................  1914
        Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2901)...................................  1915
        Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects (sec. 2902)...................................  1915
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 2903)..............  1915
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1915
        Replenishment of certain military constructions funds....  1915
DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS 
  AND OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS.......................................  1916
TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS......  1916
    Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations....  1916
        National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3101).....  1916
        Defense environmental cleanup (sec. 3102)................  1916
        Other defense activities (sec. 3103).....................  1916
        Nuclear energy (sec. 3104)...............................  1916
    Subtitle B--Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Matters................  1916
        W93 nuclear warhead acquisition processes (sec. 3111)....  1916
        Earned value management and technology readiness levels 
          for life extension programs (sec. 3112)................  1917
        Monitoring of industrial base for nuclear weapons 
          components, subsystems, and materials (sec. 3113)......  1918
        Plutonium pit production (sec. 3114).....................  1918
    Subtitle C--Defense Environmental Cleanup Matters............  1919
        Public statement of environmental liabilities for 
          facilities undergoing defense environmental cleanup 
          (sec. 3121)............................................  1919
        Inclusion of missed milestones in future-years defense 
          environmental cleanup plan (sec. 3122).................  1919
        Classification of defense environmental cleanup as 
          capital asset projects or operations activities (sec. 
          3123)..................................................  1919
        Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of 
          high-level waste (sec. 3124)...........................  1919
        Continued analysis of approaches for supplemental 
          treatment of low-activity waste at Hanford Nuclear 
          Reservation (sec. 3125)................................  1919
    Subtitle D--Safeguards and Security Matters..................  1920
        Reporting on penetrations of networks of contractors and 
          subcontractors (sec. 3131).............................  1920
    Subtitle E--Personnel Matters................................  1920
        Extension of authority for appointment of certain 
          scientific, engineering, and technical personnel (sec. 
          3141)..................................................  1920
        Inclusion of certain employees and contractors of 
          Department of Energy in definition of public safety 
          officer for purposes of certain death benefits (sec. 
          3142)..................................................  1920
        Reimbursement for liability insurance for nuclear 
          materials couriers (sec. 3143).........................  1920
        Transportation and moving expenses for immediate family 
          of deceased nuclear materials couriers (sec. 3144).....  1920
        Permanent extension of Office of Ombudsman for Energy 
          Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program 
          (sec. 3145)............................................  1921
        Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of 
          National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3146)...  1921
        Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
          relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing (sec. 
          3147)..................................................  1921
    Subtitle F--Budget and Financial Management Matters..........  1922
        Reports on financial balances for atomic energy defense 
          activities (sec. 3151).................................  1922
    Subtitle G--Administrative Matters...........................  1922
        Modifications to enhanced procurement authority to manage 
          supply chain risk (sec. 3161)..........................  1922
        Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead 
          costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed 
          research and development (sec. 3162)...................  1922
    Subtitle H--Other Matters....................................  1922
        Independent study on potential environmental effects of 
          nuclear war (sec. 3171)................................  1922
        Review of future of computing beyond exascale at the 
          National Nuclear Security Administration (sec. 3172)...  1923
        Sense of Congress on the Agreement Suspending the 
          Antidumping Investigation on Uranium from the Russian 
          Federation (sec. 3173).................................  1923
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1924
        Program for research and development of advanced naval 
          nuclear fuel system based on low-enriched uranium......  1924
        Findings, purpose, and apology relating to fallout 
          emitted during the Government's atmospheric nuclear 
          tests..................................................  1924
        Prohibition on use of funds for nuclear weapons test 
          explosions.............................................  1924
        Clarification of responsibility for cybersecurity of 
          National Nuclear Security Administration facilities....  1925
        Authorization of appropriations for W93 nuclear warhead 
          program................................................  1925
        Integration of stockpile stewardship and nonproliferation 
          missions...............................................  1925
        Technology development and integration program...........  1925
        Advanced manufacturing development program...............  1925
        National Nuclear Security Administration Personnel System  1925
        Materials science program................................  1926
        Modifications to Inertial Confinement Fusion Ignition and 
          High Yield Program.....................................  1926
        Use of high performance computing capabilities for COVID-
          19 research............................................  1927
TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD.............  1927
        Authorization (sec. 3201)................................  1927
        Nonpublic collaborative discussions by Defense Nuclear 
          Facilities Safety Board (sec. 3202)....................  1927
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1927
        Improvements to operations of Defense Nuclear Facilities 
          Safety Board...........................................  1927
TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES............................  1928
        Authorization of appropriations (sec. 3401)..............  1928
TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS.....................................  1928
    Subtitle A--Maritime Administration..........................  1928
        Authorization of the Maritime Administration (sec. 3501).  1928
        Improvements to process for waiving navigation and 
          vessel-inspection laws and approving foreign vessel 
          charters for passenger vessels (sec. 3502).............  1928
        Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine 
          Academy (sec. 3503)....................................  1929
        Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and 
          terminals (sec. 3504)..................................  1929
        Maritime transportation system emergency relief program 
          (sec. 3505)............................................  1929
        Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker 
          security fleet vessels (sec. 3506).....................  1929
        Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce 
          training and education: technical amendments (sec. 
          3507)..................................................  1929
        Merchant mariner training and education (sec. 3508)......  1930
        Publication of information about students and recent 
          graduates of Maritime Academies (sec. 3509)............  1930
        Mariner licensing and credentialing for M/V LISERON (sec. 
          3510)..................................................  1930
    Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet............................  1930
        Tanker Security Fleet (sec. 3511)........................  1930
    Subtitle C--Other Matters....................................  1931
        Maritime security and domain awareness (sec. 3521).......  1931
        Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime 
          industry in national security (sec. 3522)..............  1931
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  1931
        Nonapplicability of requirement relating to minimum 
          number of operating days for vessels operating under 
          MSP Operating Agreements...............................  1931
        National Shipper Advisory Committee......................  1931
        National Shipper Advisory Committee......................  1931
DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES.......................................  1932
        Authorization of amounts in funding tables (sec. 4001)...  1932
        Summary of National Defense Authorizations for Fiscal 
          Year 2021..............................................  1932
        National Defense Budget Authority Implication............  1938
TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT...........................................  1940
        Procurement (sec. 4101)..................................  1940
        Procurement for overseas contingency operations (sec. 
          4102)..................................................  1982
TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION..........  1991
        Research, development, test, and evaluation (sec. 4201)..  1991
        Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations (sec. 4202).....................  2049
TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE...........................  2052
        Operation and maintenance (sec. 4301)....................  2052
        Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations (sec. 4302).................................  2080
TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL...................................  2093
        Military personnel (sec. 4401)...........................  2093
        Military personnel for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4402)............................................  2094
TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS..................................  2095
        Other authorizations (sec. 4501).........................  2095
        Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4502)............................................  2099
TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION................................  2100
        Military construction (sec. 4601)........................  2100
        Military construction for overseas contingency operations 
          (sec. 4602)............................................  2124
TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS.....  2125
        Department of Energy national security programs (sec. 
          4701)..................................................  2125
DIVISION E--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE ACT OF 
  2020...........................................................  2136
        National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Act of 2020 
          (secs. 5001-5501)......................................  2136
DIVISION F--ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING................................  2136
        Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2020 (secs. 6001-6511)......  2136
DIVISION G--ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 
  2020...........................................................  2140
        Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2020 
          (sec. 8001-8605).......................................  2140
DIVISION H--OTHER MATTERS........................................  2140
TITLE XC--HOMELAND SECURITY MATTERS..............................  2140
        Department of Homeland Security CISA Director (sec. 9001)  2140
        Sector risk management agencies (sec. 9002)..............  2141
        Review and analysis of inland waters seaport security 
          (sec. 9003)............................................  2141
        Department of Homeland Security reports on digital 
          content forgery technology (sec. 9004).................  2141
        GAO study of cybersecurity insurance (sec. 9005).........  2142
        Strategy to secure email (sec. 9006).....................  2142
        Department of Homeland Security large-scale non-intrusive 
          inspection scanning plan (sec. 9007)...................  2142
TITLE XCI--VETERANS AFFAIRS MATTERS..............................  2142
        Modification of licensure requirements for Department of 
          Veterans Affairs health care professionals providing 
          treatment via telemedicine (sec. 9101).................  2142
        Additional care for newborn children of veterans (sec. 
          9102)..................................................  2143
        Expansion of eligibility for HUD-VASH (sec. 9103)........  2143
        Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served 
          on active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 
          2001 (sec. 9104).......................................  2143
        Access of veterans to Individual Longitudinal Exposure 
          Record (sec. 9105).....................................  2143
        Department of Veterans Affairs report on undisbursed 
          funds (sec. 9106)......................................  2143
        Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of 
          Veterans Affairs for maintenance by National Cemetery 
          Administration (sec. 9107).............................  2144
        Comptroller General report on Department of Veterans 
          Affairs handling of disability compensation claims by 
          certain veterans (sec. 9108)...........................  2144
        Additional diseases associated with exposure to certain 
          herbicide agents for which there is a presumption of 
          service connection for veterans who served in the 
          Republic of Vietnam (sec. 9109)........................  2144
TITLE XCII--COMMUNICATIONS MATTERS...............................  2144
        Reliable emergency alert distribution improvement (sec. 
          9201)..................................................  2144
        Wireless supply chain innovation and multilateral 
          security (sec. 9202)...................................  2145
        Spectrum information technology modernization efforts 
          (sec. 9203)............................................  2145
        Internet of Things (sec. 9204)...........................  2145
TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE MATTERS................................  2146
        Requirement for facilitation of establishment of social 
          media data and threat analysis center (sec. 9301)......  2146
        Independent study on identifying and addressing threats 
          that individually or collectively affect national 
          security, financial security, or both (sec. 9302)......  2146
TITLE XCIV--SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY MATTERS...............  2146
    Subtitle A--Cybersecurity Matters............................  2146
        Improving national initiative for cybersecurity education 
          (sec. 9401)............................................  2146
        Development of standards and guidelines for improving 
          cybersecurity workforce of Federal agencies (sec. 9402)  2147
        Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
          program (sec. 9403)....................................  2147
        Additional modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-
          for-service program (sec. 9404)........................  2147
        Cybersecurity in programs of the National Science 
          Foundation (sec. 9405).................................  2147
        Cybersecurity in STEM programs of the National 
          Aeronautics and Space Administration (sec. 9406).......  2147
        National cybersecurity challenges (sec. 9407)............  2148
    Subtitle B--Other Matters....................................  2148
        Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research 
          (sec. 9411)............................................  2148
        Industries of the future (sec. 9412).....................  2148
        National Institute of Standards and Technology 
          Manufacturing Extension Partnership program supply 
          chain database (sec. 9413).............................  2148
        Study on Chinese policies and influence in the 
          development of international standards for emerging 
          technologies (sec. 9414)...............................  2149
        Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
          Partnership Centers (sec. 9415)........................  2149
TITLE XCV--NATURAL RESOURCES MATTERS.............................  2149
        Transfer of funds for Oklahoma City national memorial 
          endowment fund (sec. 9501).............................  2149
        Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific 
          (sec. 9502)............................................  2150
        Affirmation of authority for non-oil and gas operations 
          on the outer Continental Shelf (sec. 9503).............  2150
TITLE XCVI--OVERSIGHT AND REFORM MATTERS.........................  2150
        Inventory of program activities of Federal agencies (sec. 
          9601)..................................................  2150
        Preservation of electronic messages and other records 
          (sec. 9602)............................................  2150
        Continuity of the economy plan (sec. 9603)...............  2151
TITLE XCVII--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS..........................  2151
    Subtitle A--Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act...........  2151
        Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act (sec. 9701-9703)..  2151
    Subtitle B--Combating Russian Money Laundering...............  2151
        Combating Russian Money Laundering (secs. 9711-9714).....  2151
    Subtitle C--Other Matters....................................  2152
        Certified notice at completion of an assessment (sec. 
          9721)..................................................  2152
        Ensuring Chinese debt transparency (sec. 9722)...........  2152
        Accountability for World Bank Loans to China (sec. 9723).  2152
        Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at 
          international financial institutions (sec. 9724).......  2152
TITLE XCIX--CREATING HELPFUL INCENTIVES TO PRODUCE SEMICONDUCTORS 
  FOR AMERICA....................................................  2153
        Creating helpful incentives to produce semiconductors for 
          America (secs. 9901-9908)..............................  2153
TITLE C--OTHER MATTERS...........................................  2153
        AMBER Alert nationwide (sec. 10001)......................  2153
        Improving authority for operation of unmanned aircraft 
          for educational purposes (sec. 10002)..................  2153
        Prohibition on provision of airport improvement grant 
          funds to certain entities that have violated 
          intellectual property rights of United States entities 
          (sec. 10003)...........................................  2154
        Study and report on the affordability of insulin (sec. 
          10004).................................................  2154
        Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in 
          an area affected by Hurricane Maria (sec. 10005).......  2154
        Farm and ranch mental health (sec. 10006)................  2154
    Legislative Provisions Not Adopted...........................  2155
        Requirement to post a 100 word summary to regulations.gov  2155
        Prohibition on downloading or using TikTok by Federal 
          employees..............................................  2155
        Hong Kong Autonomy Act...................................  2155
        GAO study on the school-to-prison pipeline...............  2156
        Report regarding veterans who receive benefits under laws 
          administered by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs......  2156
        Report on Government police training and equipping 
          programs...............................................  2156
        Government Accountability Office report on Zhongxing 
          Telecommunications Equipment Corporation compliance 
          with settlement........................................  2156
        Review and Report of experimentation with ticks and 
          insects................................................  2156
        Presidential Records.....................................  2157
        Short title..............................................  2157
        Findings.................................................  2157
        Prohibition of public display of Confederate battle flag 
          on Department of Defense property......................  2157
        Nonimmigrant status for certain nationals of Portugal....  2158
        Developing crisis capabilities to meet needs for homeland 
          security-critical supplies.............................  2158
        Foreign state computer intrusions........................  2158
        Online and distance education classes and nonimmigrant 
          visas..................................................  2159
        Establishment of Southern New England Regional Commission  2159
        FedRAMP Authorization Act................................  2159
        Building United States capacity for verification and 
          manufacturing of advanced microelectronics.............  2159
        Threshold for reporting additions to toxics release 
          inventory..............................................  2159
        Temporary relief for private student loan borrowers......  2160
        Report on threat posed by domestic terrorists............  2160
        Department of Defense mechanism for provision of 
          dissenting views.......................................  2161
        Policy on conscious and unconscious gender bias..........  2161
        Credit monitoring........................................  2161
        Study on viability of seawater mining for critical 
          minerals...............................................  2161
        Disclosure requirement...................................  2162
        Establishment of Office of Cyber Engagement of the 
          Department of Veterans Affairs.........................  2162
        Department of Homeland Security acquisition documentation  2162
        COVID-19 emergency medical supplies enhancement..........  2162
        Payments for private education loan borrowers, as a 
          result of COVID-19.....................................  2163
        Biliteracy Education Seal and Teaching Act...............  2163
        Providing information to States regarding undelivered 
          savings bonds..........................................  2163
        Advanced nuclear reactor research and development goals..  2163
        Nuclear energy strategic plan............................  2163
        Versatile, reactor-based fast neutron source.............  2163
        Advanced nuclear fuel security program...................  2163
        University Nuclear Leadership Program....................  2164
        Adjusting strategic petroleum reserve mandated drawdowns.  2164
        Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021......  2164
        Department of State Authorities and Activities...........  2164
        Improving Corporate Governance Through Diversity.........  2164
        Colorado Outdoor Recreation and Economy Act..............  2164
        Public Lands.............................................  2164
        

                                APPENDIX
                                
                                
                                
                                

116th Congress   }                                            {    Report
                        HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
 2d Session      }                                            {   116-617

======================================================================



 
  WILLIAM M. (MAC) THORNBERRY NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR 
                            FISCAL YEAR 2021

                                _______
                                

                December 3, 2020.--Ordered to be printed

                                _______
                                

 Mr. Smith of Washington, from the Committee on Conference, submitted 
                             the following

                           CONFERENCE REPORT

                        [To accompany H.R. 6395]

      The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of 
the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill (H.R. 
6395), to authorize appropriations for fiscal year 2021 for 
military activities of the Department of Defense, for military 
construction, and for defense activities of the Department of 
Energy, to prescribe military personnel strengths for such 
fiscal year, and for other purposes, having met, after full and 
free conference, have agreed to recommend and do recommend to 
their respective Houses as follows:
      That the House recede from its disagreement to the 
amendment of the Senate and agree to the same with an amendment 
as follows:
      In lieu of the matter proposed to be inserted by the 
Senate amendment, insert the following:

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

    This Act may be cited as the ``William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021''.

SEC. 2. ORGANIZATION OF ACT INTO DIVISIONS; TABLE OF CONTENTS.

    (a) Divisions.--This Act is organized into eight divisions 
as follows:
            (1) Division A--Department of Defense 
        Authorizations.
            (2) Division B--Military Construction 
        Authorizations.
            (3) Division C--Department of Energy National 
        Security Authorizations and Other Authorizations.
            (4) Division D--Funding Tables.
            (5) Division E--National Artificial Intelligence 
        Initiative Act of 2020
            (6) Division F--Anti-Money Laundering
            (7) Division G--Elijah E. Cummings Coast Guard 
        Authorization Act of 2020
            (8) Division H--Other Matters
    (b) Table of Contents.--The table of contents for this Act 
is as follows:

Sec. 1. Short title.
Sec. 2. Organization of Act into divisions; table of contents.
Sec. 3. Congressional defense committees.
Sec. 4. Budgetary effects of this Act.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
          defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
          Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
          cannon tubes.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
          programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
          by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
          ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
          aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the European 
          theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
          and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
          Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
          limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
          Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
          areas.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
          and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
          electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
          Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority for 
          F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
          System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
          aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          acquisition roadmap for the United States Special Operations 
          Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by United 
          States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
          aircraft locator beacons.

          TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
          research and development agreements.
Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
          Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
          pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
          innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
          Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
          research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
          supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
          research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
          Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
          capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
          research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
          fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
          support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
          development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
          Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
          pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
          intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
          talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
          and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
          practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
          certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
          technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
          students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
          activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
          talent in the Department of Defense.

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic plan 
          reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
          include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
          establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
          activities on work with academic consortia on high priority 
          cybersecurity research activities in Department of Defense 
          capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
          Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
          testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
          biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison with 
          adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
          capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
          for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
          United States to recruit and retain researchers in national 
          security-related and defense-related fields.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for 
          review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
          where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
          projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
          resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
          installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
          of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
          flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
          Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and installations of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
          energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
          Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
          Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy 
          for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
          roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
          levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
          wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
          agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
          in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
          foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
          items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
          perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
          forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
          exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
          with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
          carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
          maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
          Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
          systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
          of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to implementing 
          changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
          enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
          munitions enterprise.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
          uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
          installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
          limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
          background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
          overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
          emergency response recommendations relating to active shooter 
          or terrorist attacks on installations of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
          beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of Defense 
          that commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
          person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
          America.

               TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
          for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
          for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and end 
          strengths for temporary military technicians (dual status).

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
          duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
          service credit in a particular career field upon original 
          appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
          higher placement on promotion list of officers of particular 
          merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
          officers subject to adverse information identified after 
          recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
          alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
          grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
          officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
          engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in 
          high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national 
          emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
          of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
          travel or duty restrictions in computations of entitlement to 
          and amounts of retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
          perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
          CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
          and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
          the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
          responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
          the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
          Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
          furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on 
          sexual orientation.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
          connection with applications for change of station or unit 
          transfer of members who are victims of sexual assault or 
          related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
          Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
          Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
          duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
          Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
          sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of alleged 
          victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
          discharging the sexual harassment policies and programs of the 
          Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
          offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
          Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
          perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
          academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-
          Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
          of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
          filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
          Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
          certain persons from investigative reports, the Department of 
          Defense Central Index of Investigations, and other records and 
          databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
          certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
          recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment of 
          racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice 
          system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
          dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
          vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or 
          illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
          response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes against 
          children, and serious harmful behavior between children and 
          youth involving military dependents on military installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic violence 
          in the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551. Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
          matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
          respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
          workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
          Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or criminal 
          gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
          certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
          units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
          opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
          radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
          Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
          improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
          States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
          Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
          service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
          educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
          Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
          programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications 
          to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
          officers.

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; review; 
          report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
          immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
          child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
          Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
          Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
          the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
          to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
          Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
          campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members of 
          the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent students 
          with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
          Defense Education Activity.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
          Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
          Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
          purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
          assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the Federal 
          Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
          other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
          deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
          members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
          future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
          Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and 
          Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
          veterans on national security, foreign policy, and economic 
          and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                     TITLE VI--MILITARY COMPENSATION

                     Subtitle A--Pay and Allowances

Sec. 601. Increase in basic pay.
Sec. 602. Compensation and credit for retired pay purposes for maternity 
          leave taken by members of the reserve components.
Sec. 603. Provision of information regarding SCRA to members who receive 
          basic allowance for housing.
Sec. 604. Reorganization of certain allowances other than travel and 
          transportation allowances.
Sec. 605. Expansion of travel and transportation allowances to include 
          fares and tolls.
Sec. 606. One-time uniform allowance for officers who transfer to the 
          Space Force.

             Subtitle B--Bonuses and Special Incentive Pays

Sec. 611. One-year extension of certain expiring bonus and special pay 
          authorities.
Sec. 612. Increase in special and incentive pays for officers in health 
          professions.
Sec. 613. Increase in certain hazardous duty incentive pay for members 
          of the uniformed services.
Sec. 614. Payment of hazardous duty incentive pay for members of the 
          uniformed services.
Sec. 615. Clarification of 30 days of continuous duty on board a ship 
          required for family separation allowance for members of the 
          uniformed services.

    Subtitle C--Disability Pay, Retired Pay, and Family and Survivor 
                                Benefits

Sec. 621. Modernization and clarification of payment of certain Reserves 
          while on duty.
Sec. 622. Restatement and clarification of authority to reimburse 
          members for spouse relicensing costs pursuant to a permanent 
          change of station.
Sec. 623. Expansion of death gratuity for ROTC graduates.
Sec. 624. Expansion of assistance for Gold Star spouses and other 
          dependents.
Sec. 625. Gold Star Families Parks Pass.
Sec. 626. Recalculation of financial assistance for providers of child 
          care services and youth program services for dependents.
Sec. 627. Priority for certain military family housing to a member of 
          the Armed Forces whose spouse agrees to provide family home 
          day care services.
Sec. 628. Study on feasibility and advisability of TSP contributions by 
          military spouses.
Sec. 629. Report on implications of expansion of authority to provide 
          financial assistance to civilian providers of child care 
          services or youth program services for survivors of members of 
          the Armed Forces who die in the line of duty.
Sec. 629A. Report on extension of commissary and exchange benefits for 
          surviving remarried spouses with dependent children of members 
          of the Armed Forces who die while on active duty or certain 
          reserve duty.

                   Subtitle D--Defense Resale Matters

Sec. 631. Base responders essential needs and dining access.
Sec. 632. First responder access to mobile exchanges.
Sec. 633. Updated business case analysis for consolidation of the 
          defense resale system.

             Subtitle E--Other Personnel Rights and Benefits

Sec. 641. Approval of certain activities by retired and reserve members 
          of the uniformed services.
Sec. 642. Permanent authority for and enhancement of the Government 
          lodging program.
Sec. 643. Operation of Stars and Stripes.

                    TITLE VII--HEALTH CARE PROVISIONS

           Subtitle A--TRICARE and Other Health Care Benefits

Sec. 701. Improvement to breast cancer screening.
Sec. 702. Waiver of fees charged to certain civilians for emergency 
          medical treatment provided at military medical treatment 
          facilities.
Sec. 703. Authority for Secretary of Defense to manage provider type 
          referral and supervision requirements under TRICARE program.
Sec. 704. Expansion of benefits available under TRICARE Extended Care 
          Health Option program.
Sec. 705. Sale of hearing aids for dependents of certain members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 706. Pilot program on receipt of non-generic prescription 
          maintenance medications under TRICARE pharmacy benefits 
          program.

                 Subtitle B--Health Care Administration

Sec. 711. Repeal of administration of TRICARE dental plans through 
          Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Program.
Sec. 712. Protection of the Armed Forces from infectious diseases.
Sec. 713. Inclusion of drugs, biological products, and critical medical 
          supplies in national security strategy for national technology 
          and industrial base.
Sec. 714. Contract authority of the Uniformed Services University of the 
          Health Sciences.
Sec. 715. Membership of Board of Regents of Uniformed Services 
          University of the Health Sciences.
Sec. 716. Temporary exemption for Uniformed Services University of the 
          Health Sciences from certain Paperwork Reduction Act 
          requirements.
Sec. 717. Modification to limitation on the realignment or reduction of 
          military medical manning end strength.
Sec. 718. Modifications to implementation plan for restructure or 
          realignment of military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 719. Policy to address prescription opioid safety.
Sec. 720. Addition of burn pit registration and other information to 
          electronic health records of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 721. Inclusion of information on exposure to open burn pits in 
          postdeployment health reassessments.

                Subtitle C--Matters Relating to COVID-19

Sec. 731. COVID-19 military health system review panel.
Sec. 732. Department of Defense pandemic preparedness.
Sec. 733. Transitional health benefits for certain members of the 
          National Guard serving under orders in response to the 
          coronavirus (COVID-19).
Sec. 734. Registry of certain TRICARE beneficiaries diagnosed with 
          COVID-19.
Sec. 735. Health assessments of veterans diagnosed with pandemic 
          diseases to determine exposure to open burn pits and toxic 
          airborne chemicals.
Sec. 736. Comptroller General study on delivery of mental health 
          services to members of the Armed Forces during the COVID-19 
          pandemic.

                  Subtitle D--Reports and Other Matters

Sec. 741. Modifications to pilot program on civilian and military 
          partnerships to enhance interoperability and medical surge 
          capability and capacity of National Disaster Medical System.
Sec. 742. Reports on suicide among members of the Armed Forces and 
          suicide prevention programs and activities of the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 743. Extension of authority for Joint Department of Defense-
          Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Facility Demonstration 
          Fund.
Sec. 744. Military Health System Clinical Quality Management Program.
Sec. 745. Wounded Warrior Service Dog Program.
Sec. 746. Extramedical maternal health providers demonstration project.
Sec. 747. Briefing on diet and nutrition of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 748. Audit of medical conditions of residents in privatized 
          military housing.
Sec. 749. Assessment of receipt by civilians of emergency medical 
          treatment at military medical treatment facilities.
Sec. 750. Study on the incidence of cancer diagnosis and mortality among 
          military aviators and aviation support personnel.
Sec. 751. Study on exposure to toxic substances at Karshi-Khanabad Air 
          Base, Uzbekistan.
Sec. 752. Review and report on prevention of suicide among members of 
          the Armed Forces stationed at remote installations outside the 
          contiguous United States.
Sec. 753. Study on medevac helicopters and ambulances at certain 
          military installations.
Sec. 754. Comptroller General study on prenatal and postpartum mental 
          health conditions among members of the Armed Forces and their 
          dependents.
Sec. 755. Report on lapses in TRICARE coverage for members of the 
          National Guard and reserve components.
Sec. 756. Study and report on increasing telehealth services across 
          Armed Forces.
Sec. 757. Study on force mix options and service models to enhance 
          readiness of medical force of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 758. Report on billing practices for health care from Department of 
          Defense.

 Subtitle E--Mental Health Services From Department of Veterans Affairs 
                    for Members of Reserve Components

Sec. 761. Short title.
Sec. 762. Expansion of eligibility for readjustment counseling and 
          related outpatient services from Department of Veterans 
          Affairs to include members of reserve components of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 763. Provision of mental health services from Department of 
          Veterans Affairs to members of reserve components of the Armed 
          Forces.
Sec. 764. Inclusion of members of reserve components in mental health 
          programs of Department of Veterans Affairs.
Sec. 765. Report on mental health and related services provided by 
          Department of Veterans Affairs to members of the Armed Forces.

  TITLE VIII--ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED 
                                 MATTERS

              Subtitle A--Acquisition Policy and Management

Sec. 801. Report on acquisition risk assessment and mitigation as part 
          of Adaptive Acquisition Framework implementation.
Sec. 802. Improving planning, execution, and oversight of life cycle 
          sustainment activities.
Sec. 803. Disclosures for offerors for certain shipbuilding major 
          defense acquisition program contracts.
Sec. 804. Implementation of modular open systems approaches.
Sec. 805. Congressional notification of termination of a middle tier 
          acquisition program.
Sec. 806. Definition of material weakness for contractor business 
          systems.
Sec. 807. Space system acquisition and the adaptive acquisition 
          framework.
Sec. 808. Acquisition authority of the Director of the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center.
Sec. 809. Assessments of the process for developing capability 
          requirements for Department of Defense acquisition programs.

 Subtitle B--Amendments to General Contracting Authorities, Procedures, 
                             and Limitations

Sec. 811. Sustainment reform for the Department of Defense.
Sec. 812. Inclusion of software in Government performance of acquisition 
          functions.
Sec. 813. Modifications to Comptroller General assessment of acquisition 
          programs and related initiatives.
Sec. 814. Cost or pricing data reporting requirements for Department of 
          Defense contracts.
Sec. 815. Prompt payment of contractors.
Sec. 816. Documentation pertaining to commercial item determinations.
Sec. 817. Modification to small purchase threshold exception to sourcing 
          requirements for certain articles.
Sec. 818. Repeal of program for qualified apprentices for military 
          construction contracts.
Sec. 819. Modifications to mitigating risks related to foreign 
          ownership, control, or influence of Department of Defense 
          contractors and subcontractors.
Sec. 820. Contract closeout authority for services contracts.
Sec. 821. Revision of proof required when using an evaluation factor for 
          employing or subcontracting with members of the Selected 
          Reserve.

       Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Software and Technology

Sec. 831. Contract authority for development and demonstration of 
          initial or additional prototype units.
Sec. 832. Extension of pilot program for streamlined awards for 
          innovative technology programs.
Sec. 833. Listing of other transaction authority consortia.
Sec. 834. Pilot program on the use of consumption-based solutions to 
          address software-intensive warfighting capability.
Sec. 835. Balancing security and innovation in software development and 
          acquisition.
Sec. 836. Digital modernization of analytical and decision-support 
          processes for managing and overseeing Department of Defense 
          acquisition programs.
Sec. 837. Safeguarding defense-sensitive United States intellectual 
          property, technology, and other data and information.
Sec. 838. Comptroller General report on implementation of software 
          acquisition reforms.
Sec. 839. Comptroller General report on intellectual property 
          acquisition and licensing.

                   Subtitle D--Industrial Base Matters

Sec. 841. Additional requirements pertaining to printed circuit boards.
Sec. 842. Report on nonavailability determinations and quarterly 
          national technology and industrial base briefings.
Sec. 843. Modification of framework for modernizing acquisition 
          processes to ensure integrity of industrial base and inclusion 
          of optical transmission components.
Sec. 844. Expansion on the prohibition on acquiring certain metal 
          products.
Sec. 845. Miscellaneous limitations on the procurement of goods other 
          than United States goods.
Sec. 846. Improving implementation of policy pertaining to the national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 847. Report and limitation on the availability of funds relating to 
          eliminating the gaps and vulnerabilities in the national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 848. Supply of strategic and critical materials for the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 849. Analyses of certain activities for action to address sourcing 
          and industrial capacity.
Sec. 850. Implementation of recommendations for assessing and 
          strengthening the manufacturing and defense industrial base 
          and supply chain resiliency.
Sec. 851. Report on strategic and critical materials.
Sec. 852. Report on aluminum refining, processing, and manufacturing.

                   Subtitle E--Small Business Matters

Sec. 861. Initiatives to support small businesses in the national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 862. Transfer of verification of small business concerns owned and 
          controlled by veterans or service-disabled veterans to the 
          Small Business Administration.
Sec. 863. Employment size standard requirements for small business 
          concerns.
Sec. 864. Maximum award price for sole source manufacturing contracts.
Sec. 865. Reporting requirement on expenditure amounts for the Small 
          Business Innovation Research Program and the Small Business 
          Technology Transfer Program.
Sec. 866. Small businesses in territories of the United States.
Sec. 867. Eligibility of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana 
          Islands for certain Small Business Administration programs.
Sec. 868. Past performance ratings of certain small business concerns.
Sec. 869. Extension of participation in 8(a) program.
Sec. 870. Compliance of Offices of Small Business and Disadvantaged 
          Business Utilization.
Sec. 871. Category management training.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 881. Review of and report on overdue acquisition and cross-
          servicing agreement transactions.
Sec. 882. Domestic comparative testing activities.
Sec. 883. Prohibition on awarding of contracts to contractors that 
          require nondisclosure agreements relating to waste, fraud, or 
          abuse.
Sec. 884. Program management improvement officers and program management 
          policy council.
Sec. 885. Disclosure of beneficial owners in database for Federal agency 
          contract and grant officers.
Sec. 886. Repeal of pilot program on payment of costs for denied 
          Government Accountability Office bid protests.
Sec. 887. Amendments to submissions to Congress relating to certain 
          foreign military sales.
Sec. 888. Revision to requirement to use firm fixed-price contracts for 
          foreign military sales.
Sec. 889. Assessment and enhancement of national security innovation 
          base.
Sec. 890. Identification of certain contracts relating to construction 
          or maintenance of a border wall.
Sec. 891. Waivers of certain conditions for progress payments under 
          certain contracts during the COVID-19 national emergency.

       TITLE IX--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

   Subtitle A--Office of the Secretary of Defense and Related Matters

Sec. 901. Repeal of position of Chief Management Officer of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 902. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low 
          Intensity Conflict and related matters.
Sec. 903. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Industrial Base Policy.
Sec. 904. Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, Installations, and 
          Environment.
Sec. 905. Office of Local Defense Community Cooperation.
Sec. 906. Input from the Vice Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the 
          Joint Requirements Oversight Council.
Sec. 907. Assignment of responsibility for the Arctic region within the 
          Office of the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 908. Modernization of process used by the Department of Defense to 
          identify, task, and manage Congressional reporting 
          requirements.

  Subtitle B--Other Department of Defense Organization and Management 
                                 Matters

Sec. 911. Reform of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 912. Limitation on reduction of civilian workforce.
Sec. 913. Chief Diversity Officer and Senior Advisors for Diversity and 
          Inclusion.
Sec. 914. Limitation on consolidation or transition to alternative 
          content delivery methods within the Defense Media Activity.

                     Subtitle C--Space Force Matters

Sec. 921. Office of the Chief of Space Operations.
Sec. 922. Clarification of Space Force and Chief of Space Operations 
          authorities.
Sec. 923. Amendments to Department of the Air Force provisions in title 
          10, United States Code.
Sec. 924. Amendments to other provisions of title 10, United States 
          Code.
Sec. 925. Amendments to provisions of law relating to pay and 
          allowances.
Sec. 926. Amendments to provisions of law relating to veterans' 
          benefits.
Sec. 927. Amendments to other provisions of the United States Code and 
          other laws.
Sec. 928. Applicability to other provisions of law.
Sec. 929. Temporary exemption from authorized daily average of members 
          in pay grades E-8 and E-9.
Sec. 930. Limitation on transfer of military installations to the 
          jurisdiction of the Space Force.
Sec. 931. Organization of the Space Force.

                       TITLE X--GENERAL PROVISIONS

                      Subtitle A--Financial Matters

Sec. 1001. General transfer authority.
Sec. 1002. Budget materials for special operations forces.
Sec. 1003. Application of Financial Improvement and Audit Remediation 
          Plan to fiscal years following fiscal year 2020.
Sec. 1004. Incentives for the achievement by the components of the 
          Department of Defense of unqualified audit opinions on the 
          financial statements.
Sec. 1005. Audit readiness and remediation.
Sec. 1006. Addition of Chief of the National Guard Bureau to the list of 
          officers providing reports of unfunded priorities.

                   Subtitle B--Counterdrug Activities

Sec. 1011. Quarterly reports on Department of Defense support provided 
          to other United States agencies for counterdrug activities and 
          activities to counter transnational organized crime.

                        Subtitle C--Naval Vessels

Sec. 1021. Limitation on availability of certain funds without naval 
          vessels plan and certification.
Sec. 1022. Limitations on use of funds in National Defense Sealift Fund 
          for purchase of foreign constructed vessels.
Sec. 1023. Use of National Sea-Based Deterrence Fund for incrementally 
          funded contracts to provide full funding for Columbia class 
          submarines.
Sec. 1024. Preference for United States vessels in transporting supplies 
          by sea.
Sec. 1025. Restrictions on overhaul, repair, etc. of naval vessels in 
          foreign shipyards.
Sec. 1026. Biennial report on shipbuilder training and the defense 
          industrial base.
Sec. 1027. Modification of waiver authority on prohibition on use of 
          funds for retirement of certain legacy maritime mine 
          countermeasure platforms.
Sec. 1028. Extension of authority for reimbursement of expenses for 
          certain Navy mess operations afloat.
Sec. 1029. Working group on stabilization of Navy shipbuilding 
          industrial base workforce.
Sec. 1030. Limitation on naval force structure changes.

                      Subtitle D--Counterterrorism

Sec. 1041. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to the United States.
Sec. 1042. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to construct or 
          modify facilities in the United States to house detainees 
          transferred from United States Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, 
          Cuba.
Sec. 1043. Extension of prohibition on use of funds for transfer or 
          release of individuals detained at United States Naval 
          Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to certain countries.
Sec. 1044. Extension of prohibition on use of funds to close or 
          relinquish control of United States Naval Station, Guantanamo 
          Bay, Cuba.

          Subtitle E--Miscellaneous Authorities and Limitations

Sec. 1051. Support of special operations to combat terrorism.
Sec. 1052. Expenditure of funds for Department of Defense clandestine 
          activities that support operational preparation of the 
          environment.
Sec. 1053. Sale or donation of excess Department of Defense personal 
          property for law enforcement activities.
Sec. 1054. Prohibition on retirement of nuclear powered aircraft 
          carriers before first refueling.
Sec. 1055. Reauthorization of National Oceanographic Partnership 
          Program.
Sec. 1056. Modification and technical correction to Department of 
          Defense authority to provide assistance along the southern 
          land border of the United States.
Sec. 1057. Limitation on use of funds for retirement of A-10 aircraft.
Sec. 1058. Considerations relating to permanently basing United States 
          equipment or additional forces in host countries with at-risk 
          vendors in 5G or 6G networks.
Sec. 1059. Public availability of Department of Defense legislative 
          proposals.
Sec. 1060. Arctic planning, research, and development.
Sec. 1061. Authority to establish a movement coordination center pacific 
          in the Indo-Pacific region.
Sec. 1062. Limitation on provision of funds to institutions of higher 
          education hosting Confucius Institutes.
Sec. 1063. Support for national maritime heritage grants program.
Sec. 1064. Requirements for use of Federal law enforcement personnel, 
          active duty members of the Armed Forces, and National Guard 
          personnel in support of Federal authorities to respond to 
          civil disturbances.

                     Subtitle F--Studies and Reports

Sec. 1071. FFRDC study of explosive ordnance disposal agencies.
Sec. 1072. Study on force structure for Marine Corps aviation.
Sec. 1073. Report on joint training range exercises for the Pacific 
          region.
Sec. 1074. Reports on threats to United States forces from small 
          unmanned aircraft systems worldwide.
Sec. 1075. Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller) reports on improving 
          the budget justification and related materials of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1076. Quarterly briefings on Joint All Domain Command and Control 
          effort.
Sec. 1077. Report on civilian casualty resourcing and authorities.
Sec. 1078. Comptroller General Review of Department of Defense efforts 
          to prevent resale of goods manufactured by forced labor in 
          commissaries and exchanges.
Sec. 1079. Comptroller General report on Department of Defense processes 
          for responding to congressional reporting requirements.

                        Subtitle G--Other Matters

Sec. 1081. Technical, conforming, and clerical amendments.
Sec. 1082. Reporting of adverse events relating to consumer products on 
          military installations.
Sec. 1083. Modification to First Division monument.
Sec. 1084. Sense of Congress regarding reporting of civilian casualties 
          resulting from United States military operations.
Sec. 1085. Deployment of real-time status of special use airspace.
Sec. 1086.  Duties of Secretary under uniformed and overseas citizens 
          absentee voting act.
Sec. 1087. Mitigation of military helicopter noise.
Sec. 1088. Congressional expression of support for designation of 
          National Borinqueneers Day.
Sec. 1089. Ted Stevens Center for Arctic Security Studies.
Sec. 1090. Establishment of vetting procedures and monitoring 
          requirements for certain military training.
Sec. 1091. Personal protective equipment matters.

                  TITLE XI--CIVILIAN PERSONNEL MATTERS

                     Subtitle A--General Provisions

Sec. 1101. Department of Defense policy on unclassified workspaces and 
          job functions of personnel with pending security clearances.
Sec. 1102. Enhancement of public-private talent exchange programs in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 1103. Paid parental leave technical corrections.
Sec. 1104. Authority to provide travel and transportation allowances in 
          connection with transfer ceremonies of certain civilian 
          employees who die overseas.
Sec. 1105. One-year extension of authority to waive annual limitation on 
          premium pay and aggregate limitation on pay for Federal 
          civilian employees working overseas.
Sec. 1106. One-year extension of temporary authority to grant 
          allowances, benefits, and gratuities to civilian personnel on 
          official duty in a combat zone.
Sec. 1107. Civilian faculty at the Defense Security Cooperation 
          University and Institute of Security Governance.
Sec. 1108. Temporary authority to appoint retired members of the Armed 
          Forces to positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1109. Fire fighters alternative work schedule demonstration project 
          for the Navy Region Mid-Atlantic Fire and Emergency Services.
Sec. 1110. Special rules for certain monthly workers' compensation 
          payments and other payments for Federal Government personnel 
          under chief of mission authority.
Sec. 1111. Temporary increase in limitation on accumulation of annual 
          leave for Executive branch employees.
Sec. 1112. Telework travel expenses program of the United States Patent 
          and Trademark Office.
Sec. 1113. Extension of rate of overtime pay authority for Department of 
          the Navy employees performing work aboard or dockside in 
          support of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier forward 
          deployed in Japan.
Sec. 1114. Enhanced pay authority for certain acquisition and technology 
          positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1115. Enhanced pay authority for certain research and technology 
          positions in the science and technology reinvention 
          laboratories of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1116. Extension of enhanced appointment and compensation authority 
          for civilian personnel for care and treatment of wounded and 
          injured members of the armed forces.
Sec. 1117. Expansion of direct hire authority for certain Department of 
          Defense personnel to include installation military housing 
          office positions supervising privatized military housing.
Sec. 1118. Extension of sunset of inapplicability of certification of 
          executive qualifications by qualification certification review 
          board of office of personnel management for initial 
          appointments to senior executive service positions in 
          department of defense.
Sec. 1119. Pilot program on enhanced pay authority for certain high-
          level management positions in the Department of Defense.
Sec. 1120. Recruitment incentives for placement at remote locations.
Sec. 1121. Technical amendments regarding reimbursement of Federal, 
          State, and local income taxes incurred during travel, 
          transportation, and relocation.

 Subtitle B--Elijah E. Cummings Federal Employee Antidiscrimination Act 
                                 of 2020

Sec. 1131. Short title.
Sec. 1132. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1133. Notification of violation.
Sec. 1134. Reporting requirements.
Sec. 1135. Data to be posted by employing Federal agencies.
Sec. 1136. Data to be posted by the Equal Employment Opportunity 
          Commission.
Sec. 1137. Notification and Federal Employee Antidiscrimination and 
          Retaliation Act of 2002 amendments.
Sec. 1138. Nondisclosure agreement limitation.

             TITLE XII--MATTERS RELATING TO FOREIGN NATIONS

                   Subtitle A--Assistance and Training

Sec. 1201. Authority to build capacity for additional operations.
Sec. 1202. Participation in European program on multilateral exchange of 
          surface transportation services.
Sec. 1203. Participation in programs relating to coordination or 
          exchange of air refueling and air transportation services.
Sec. 1204. Reciprocal patient movement agreements.
Sec. 1205. Modification to the Inter-European Air Forces Academy.
Sec. 1206. Modification of authority for participation in multinational 
          centers of excellence.
Sec. 1207. Modification and extension of support of special operations 
          for irregular warfare.
Sec. 1208. Extension of authority to transfer excess high mobility 
          multipurpose wheeled vehicles to foreign countries.
Sec. 1209. Modification and extension of update of Department of Defense 
          Freedom of Navigation Report.
Sec. 1210. Extension and modification of authority to support border 
          security operations of certain foreign countries.
Sec. 1210A. Extension of Department of Defense support for stabilization 
          activities in national security interest of the United States.
Sec. 1210B. Extension of report on workforce development.
Sec. 1210C. Plan to increase participation in international military 
          education and training programs.
Sec. 1210D. Mitigation and prevention of atrocities in high-risk 
          countries.
Sec. 1210E. Implementation of the Women, Peace, and Security Act of 
          2017.

        Subtitle B--Matters Relating to Afghanistan and Pakistan

Sec. 1211. Extension and modification of authority for reimbursement of 
          certain coalition nations for support provided to United 
          States military operations.
Sec. 1212. Extension of the Afghan Special Immigrant Visa Program.
Sec. 1213. Extension and modification of support for reconciliation 
          activities led by the Government of Afghanistan.
Sec. 1214. Extension and modification of Commanders' Emergency Response 
          Program.
Sec. 1215. Limitation on use of funds to reduce deployment to 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1216. Modifications to immunity from seizure under judicial process 
          of cultural objects.
Sec. 1217. Congressional oversight of United States talks with Taliban 
          officials and Afghanistan's comprehensive peace process.
Sec. 1218. Strategy for post-conflict engagement on human rights in 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1219. Modification to report on enhancing security and stability in 
          Afghanistan.
Sec. 1220. Report on Operation Freedom's Sentinel.

          Subtitle C--Matters Relating to Syria, Iraq, and Iran

Sec. 1221. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to counter the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria.
Sec. 1222. Extension and modification of authority to provide assistance 
          to vetted Syrian groups and individuals.
Sec. 1223. Extension and modification of authority to support operations 
          and activities of the Office of Security Cooperation in Iraq.
Sec. 1224. Prohibition on provision of weapons and other forms of 
          support to certain organizations.
Sec. 1225. Report and budget details regarding Operation Spartan Shield.

                 Subtitle D--Matters Relating to Russia

Sec. 1231. Extension of limitation on military cooperation between the 
          United States and the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1232. Matters relating to United States participation in the Open 
          Skies Treaty.
Sec. 1233. Prohibition on availability of funds relating to sovereignty 
          of the Russian Federation over Crimea.
Sec. 1234. Annual report on military and security developments involving 
          the Russian Federation.
Sec. 1235. Modification and extension of Ukraine Security Assistance 
          Initiative.
Sec. 1236. Report on capability and capacity requirements of military 
          forces of Ukraine and resource plan for security assistance.
Sec. 1237. Report on Russian Federation support of racially and 
          ethnically motivated violent extremists.
Sec. 1238. Authorization of rewards for providing information on foreign 
          election interference.

             Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Europe and NATO

Sec. 1241. Determination and imposition of sanctions with respect to 
          Turkey's acquisition of the S-400 air defense system.
Sec. 1242. Clarification and expansion of sanctions relating to 
          construction of Nord Stream 2 or TurkStream pipeline projects.
Sec. 1243. Extension of authority for training for Eastern European 
          national security forces in the course of multilateral 
          exercises.
Sec. 1244. Sense of Congress on support for the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization.
Sec. 1245. Limitation on United States force structure reductions in 
          Germany.
Sec. 1246. Report on United States military force posture in 
          Southeastern Europe.
Sec. 1247. Sense of Congress on support for coordinated action to ensure 
          the security of Baltic allies.
Sec. 1248. Sense of Congress on the role of the Kosovo Force of the 
          North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

         Subtitle F--Matters Relating to the Indo-Pacific Region

Sec. 1251. Pacific Deterrence Initiative.
Sec. 1252. Extension and modification of prohibition on commercial 
          export of certain covered munitions items to the Hong Kong 
          Police Force.
Sec. 1253. Authority to transfer funds for Bien Hoa dioxin cleanup.
Sec. 1254. Cooperative program with Vietnam to account for Vietnamese 
          personnel missing in action.
Sec. 1255. Sense of Congress on the United States-Vietnam defense 
          relationship.
Sec. 1256. Pilot program to improve cyber cooperation with Vietnam, 
          Thailand, and Indonesia.
Sec. 1257. Report on the costs most directly associated with the 
          stationing of the Armed Forces in Japan.
Sec. 1258. Limitation on use of funds to reduce the total number of 
          members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty who are 
          deployed to South Korea.
Sec. 1259. Implementation of GAO recommendations on preparedness of 
          United States forces to counter North Korean chemical and 
          biological weapons.
Sec. 1260. Statement of policy and sense of Congress on the Taiwan 
          Relations Act.
Sec. 1260A. Annual briefing on Taiwan arms sales.
Sec. 1260B. Report on United States-Taiwan medical security partnership.
Sec. 1260C. Establishment of capabilities to assess the defense 
          technological and industrial bases of China and other foreign 
          adversaries.
Sec. 1260D. Extension of annual report on military and security 
          developments involving the People's Republic of China.
Sec. 1260E. Sense of Congress on the aggression of the Government of 
          China along the border with India and its growing territorial 
          claims.
Sec. 1260F. Assessment of National Cyber Strategy to deter China from 
          engaging in industrial espionage and cyber theft.
Sec. 1260G. Report on United Front Work Department.
Sec. 1260H. Public reporting of Chinese military companies operating in 
          the United States.
Sec. 1260I. Report on directed use of fishing fleets.

  Subtitle G--Sudan Democratic Transition, Accountability, and Fiscal 
                        Transparency Act of 2020

Sec. 1261. Short title.
Sec. 1262. Definitions.
Sec. 1263. Statement of policy.
Sec. 1264. Support for democratic governance, rule of law, human rights, 
          and fundamental freedoms.
Sec. 1265. Support for development programs.
Sec. 1266. Support for conflict mitigation.
Sec. 1267. Support for accountability for war crimes, crimes against 
          humanity, and genocide in Sudan.
Sec. 1268. Suspension of assistance.
Sec. 1269. Multilateral assistance.
Sec. 1270. Coordinated support to recover assets stolen from the 
          Sudanese people.
Sec. 1270A. Limitation on assistance to the Sudanese security and 
          intelligence services.
Sec. 1270B. Reports.
Sec. 1270C. United States strategy for support to a civilian-led 
          government in Sudan.
Sec. 1270D. Amendments to the Darfur Peace and Accountability Act of 
          2006.
Sec. 1270E. Repeal of Sudan Peace Act and the Comprehensive Peace in 
          Sudan Act.

 Subtitle H--United States Israel Security Assistance Authorization Act 
                                 of 2020

Sec. 1271. Short title.
Sec. 1272. Sense of Congress on United States-Israel relationship.
Sec. 1273. Security assistance for Israel.
Sec. 1274. Extension of war reserves stockpile authority.
Sec. 1275. Rules governing the transfer of precision-guided munitions to 
          Israel above the annual restriction.
Sec. 1276. Eligibility of Israel for the strategic trade authorization 
          exception to certain export control licensing requirements.
Sec. 1277. United States Agency for International Development memoranda 
          of understanding to enhance cooperation with Israel.
Sec. 1278. Cooperative projects among the United States, Israel, and 
          developing countries.
Sec. 1279. Joint cooperative program related to innovation and high-tech 
          for the Middle East region.
Sec. 1280. Cooperation on directed energy capabilities.
Sec. 1280A. Other matters of cooperation.
Sec. 1280B. Appropriate congressional committees defined.

               Subtitle I--Global Child Thrive Act of 2020

Sec. 1281. Short title.
Sec. 1282. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 1283. Assistance to improve early childhood outcomes globally.
Sec. 1284. Special advisor for assistance to orphans and vulnerable 
          children.
Sec. 1285. Rule of construction.

       Subtitle J--Matters Relating to Africa and the Middle East

Sec. 1291. Briefing and report relating to reduction in the total number 
          of United States Armed Forces deployed to United States Africa 
          Command area of responsibility.
Sec. 1292. Notification with respect to withdrawal of members of the 
          Armed Forces participating in the Multinational Force and 
          Observers in Egypt.
Sec. 1293. Report on enhancing security partnerships between the United 
          States and African countries.
Sec. 1294. Plan to address gross violations of human rights and civilian 
          harm in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, and Niger.
Sec. 1295. Statement of policy and report relating to the conflict in 
          Yemen.
Sec. 1296. Report on United States military support of the Saudi-led 
          coalition in Yemen.
Sec. 1297. Sense of Congress on payment of amounts owed by Kuwait to 
          United States medical institutions.

                        Subtitle K--Other Matters

Sec. 1299A. Provision of goods and services at Kwajalein Atoll, Republic 
          of the Marshall Islands.
Sec. 1299B. Report on contributions received from designated countries.
Sec. 1299C. Modification to initiative to support protection of national 
          security academic researchers from undue influence and other 
          security threats.
Sec. 1299D. Extension of authorization of non-conventional assisted 
          recovery capabilities.
Sec. 1299E. Annual briefings on certain foreign military bases of 
          adversaries.
Sec. 1299F. Countering white identity terrorism globally.
Sec. 1299G. Report on progress of the Department of Defense with respect 
          to denying the strategic goals of a competitor against a 
          covered defense partner.
Sec. 1299H. Comparative studies on defense budget transparency of the 
          People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, and the 
          United States.
Sec. 1299I. Assessment of weapons of mass destruction terrorism.
Sec. 1299J. Review of Department of Defense compliance with ``Principles 
          Related to the Protection of Medical Care Provided by 
          Impartial Humanitarian Organizations During Armed Conflicts''.
Sec. 1299K. Certification relating to assistance for Guatemala.
Sec. 1299L. Functional Center for Security Studies in Irregular Warfare.
Sec. 1299M. United States-Israel operations-technology cooperation 
          within the United States-Israel Defense Acquisition Advisory 
          Group.
Sec. 1299N. Payment of passport fees for certain individuals.
Sec. 1299O. Resumption of Peace Corps operations.
Sec. 1299P. Establishment of the Open Technology Fund.
Sec. 1299Q. United States Agency for Global Media.
Sec. 1299R. Leveraging information on foreign traffickers.
Sec. 1299S. Rule of construction relating to use of military force.

                TITLE XIII--COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTION

Sec. 1301. Funding allocations; specification of cooperative threat 
          reduction funds.

                     TITLE XIV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

                      Subtitle A--Military Programs

Sec. 1401. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1402. Chemical agents and munitions destruction, defense.
Sec. 1403. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1404. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1405. Defense health program.

                Subtitle B--Armed Forces Retirement Home

Sec. 1411. Authorization of appropriations for Armed Forces Retirement 
          Home.
Sec. 1412. Expansion of eligibility for residence at the Armed Forces 
          Retirement Home.
Sec. 1413. Periodic inspections of Armed Forces Retirement Home 
          facilities by nationally recognized accrediting organization.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1421. Authority for transfer of funds to joint Department of 
          Defense-Department of Veterans Affairs medical facility 
          demonstration fund for Captain James A. Lovell Health Care 
          Center, Illinois.

   TITLE XV--AUTHORIZATION OF ADDITIONAL APPROPRIATIONS FOR OVERSEAS 
                         CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 1501. Purpose.
Sec. 1502. Overseas contingency operations.
Sec. 1503. Procurement.
Sec. 1504. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 1505. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 1506. Military personnel.
Sec. 1507. Working capital funds.
Sec. 1508. Drug interdiction and counter-drug activities, defense-wide.
Sec. 1509. Defense Inspector General.
Sec. 1510. Defense Health Program.

                      Subtitle B--Financial Matters

Sec. 1511. Treatment as additional authorizations.
Sec. 1512. Special transfer authority.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 1521. Afghanistan Security Forces Fund.

   TITLE XVI--SPACE ACTIVITIES, STRATEGIC PROGRAMS, AND INTELLIGENCE 
                                 MATTERS

                      Subtitle A--Space Activities

Sec. 1601. Space Development Agency development requirements and 
          transfer to Space Force.
Sec. 1602. Personnel management authority for Space Development Agency 
          for experts in science and engineering.
Sec. 1603. Requirement to buy certain satellite component from national 
          technology and industrial base.
Sec. 1604. Conforming amendments relating to reestablishment of Space 
          Command.
Sec. 1605. Clarification of authority for procurement of commercial 
          satellite communications services.
Sec. 1606. National Security Space Launch program.
Sec. 1607. Commercial space domain awareness capabilities.
Sec. 1608. Policy to ensure launch of small-class payloads.
Sec. 1609. Tactically responsive space launch operations.
Sec. 1610. Limitation on availability of funds for prototype program for 
          multi-global navigation satellite system receiver development.
Sec. 1611. Resilient and survivable positioning, navigation, and timing 
          capabilities.
Sec. 1612. Leveraging commercial satellite remote sensing.
Sec. 1613. Strategy to strengthen civil and national security 
          capabilities and operations in space.
Sec. 1614. Report and strategy on space competition with China.

  Subtitle B--Defense Intelligence and Intelligence-Related Activities

Sec. 1621. Safety of navigation mission of the National Geospatial-
          Intelligence Agency.
Sec. 1622. National Academies Climate Security Roundtable.
Sec. 1623. Efficient use of sensitive compartmented information 
          facilities.

                       Subtitle C--Nuclear Forces

Sec. 1631. Semiannual updates on meetings held by Nuclear Weapons 
          Council; limitation on availability of funds relating to such 
          updates.
Sec. 1632. Role of Nuclear Weapons Council with respect to performance 
          requirements and budget for nuclear weapons programs.
Sec. 1633. Modification of Government Accountability Office review of 
          annual reports on nuclear weapons enterprise.
Sec. 1634. Independent study on nuclear weapons programs of certain 
          foreign countries.
Sec. 1635. Prohibition on reduction of the intercontinental ballistic 
          missiles of the United States.

                  Subtitle D--Missile Defense Programs

Sec. 1641. Alignment of the Missile Defense Agency within the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1642. Extension of prohibition relating to missile defense 
          information and systems.
Sec. 1643. Extension of transition of ballistic missile defense programs 
          to military departments.
Sec. 1644. Extension of requirement for Comptroller General review and 
          assessment of missile defense acquisition programs.
Sec. 1645. Development of hypersonic and ballistic missile tracking 
          space sensor payload.
Sec. 1646. Ground-based midcourse defense interim capability.
Sec. 1647. Next generation interceptors.
Sec. 1648. Report on and limitation on availability of funds for layered 
          homeland missile defense system.
Sec. 1649. Iron Dome short-range rocket defense system and Israeli 
          cooperative missile defense program co-development and co-
          production.
Sec. 1650. Report on defense of Guam from integrated air and missile 
          threats.
Sec. 1651. Reports on cruise missile defense and North Warning System.

     Subtitle E--Matters Relating to Certain Commercial Terrestrial 
                               Operations

Sec. 1661. Prohibition on availability of funds for certain purposes 
          relating to the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1662. Limitation on awarding contracts to entities operating 
          commercial terrestrial communication networks that cause 
          harmful interference with the Global Positioning System.
Sec. 1663. Independent technical review of Federal Communications 
          Commission Order 20-48.
Sec. 1664. Estimate of damages from Federal Communications Commission 
          Order 20-48.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 1671. Conventional prompt strike.
Sec. 1672. Limitation on availability of funds relating to reports on 
          missile systems and arms control treaties.
Sec. 1673. Submission of reports under Missile Defense Review and 
          Nuclear Posture Review.

                 TITLE XVII--CYBERSPACE-RELATED MATTERS

Sec. 1701. Modification of mission of Cyber Command and assignment of 
          cyber operations forces.
Sec. 1702. Modification of scope of notification requirements for 
          sensitive military cyber operations.
Sec. 1703. Modification of requirements for quarterly Department of 
          Defense cyber operations briefings for Congress.
Sec. 1704. Clarification relating to protection from liability of 
          operationally critical contractors.
Sec. 1705. Strengthening Federal networks; CISA cybersecurity support to 
          agencies.
Sec. 1706. Improvements relating to the quadrennial cyber posture 
          review.
Sec. 1707. Modification of authority to use operation and maintenance 
          funds for cyber operations-peculiar capability development 
          projects.
Sec. 1708. Personnel management authority for Commander of United States 
          Cyber Command and development program for offensive cyber 
          operations.
Sec. 1709. Applicability of reorientation of Big Data Platform program 
          to Department of Navy.
Sec. 1710. Report on Cyber Institutes program.
Sec. 1711. Modification of acquisition authority of Commander of United 
          States Cyber Command.
Sec. 1712. Modification of requirements relating to the Strategic 
          Cybersecurity Program and the evaluation of cyber 
          vulnerabilities of major weapon systems of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 1713. Modification of position of Principal Cyber Advisor.
Sec. 1714. Cyberspace Solarium Commission.
Sec. 1715. Establishment in Department of Homeland Security of joint 
          cyber planning office.
Sec. 1716. Subpoena authority.
Sec. 1717. Cybersecurity State Coordinator.
Sec. 1718. Cybersecurity Advisory Committee.
Sec. 1719. Cybersecurity education and training assistance program.
Sec. 1720. Framework for cyber hunt forward operations.
Sec. 1721. Rationalization and integration of parallel cybersecurity 
          architectures and operations.
Sec. 1722. Assessing risk to national security of quantum computing.
Sec. 1723. Tailored cyberspace operations organizations.
Sec. 1724. Responsibility for cybersecurity and critical infrastructure 
          protection of the defense industrial base.
Sec. 1725. Pilot program on remote provision by National Guard to 
          National Guards of other States of cybersecurity technical 
          assistance in training, preparation, and response to cyber 
          incidents.
Sec. 1726. Department of Defense cyber workforce efforts.
Sec. 1727. Reporting requirements for cross domain incidents and 
          exemptions to policies for information technology.
Sec. 1728. Assessing private-public collaboration in cybersecurity.
Sec. 1729. Cyber capabilities and interoperability of the National 
          Guard.
Sec. 1730. Evaluation of non-traditional cyber support to the Department 
          of Defense.
Sec. 1731. Integrated cybersecurity center plan.
Sec. 1732. Assessment of cyber operational planning and deconfliction 
          policies and processes.
Sec. 1733. Pilot program on cybersecurity capability metrics.
Sec. 1734. Assessment of effect of inconsistent timing and use of 
          Network Address Translation in Department of Defense networks.
Sec. 1735. Integration of Department of Defense user activity monitoring 
          and cybersecurity.
Sec. 1736. Defense industrial base cybersecurity sensor architecture 
          plan.
Sec. 1737. Assessment on defense industrial base participation in a 
          threat information sharing program.
Sec. 1738. Assistance for small manufacturers in the defense industrial 
          supply chain on matters relating to cybersecurity.
Sec. 1739. Assessment on defense industrial base cybersecurity threat 
          hunting program.
Sec. 1740. Defense Digital Service.
Sec. 1741. Matters concerning the College of Information and Cyberspace 
          and limitation of funding for National Defense University.
Sec. 1742. Department of Defense cyber hygiene and Cybersecurity 
          Maturity Model Certification framework.
Sec. 1743. Extension of sunset for pilot program on regional 
          cybersecurity training center for the Army National Guard.
Sec. 1744. National cyber exercises.
Sec. 1745. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency review.
Sec. 1746. Report on enabling United States Cyber Command resource 
          allocation.
Sec. 1747. Ensuring cyber resiliency of nuclear command and control 
          system.
Sec. 1748. Requirements for review of and limitations on the Joint 
          Regional Security Stacks activity.
Sec. 1749. Implementation of information operations matters.
Sec. 1750. Report on use of encryption by Department of Defense national 
          security systems.
Sec. 1751. Guidance and direction on use of direct hiring processes for 
          artificial intelligence professionals and other data science 
          and software development personnel.
Sec. 1752. National Cyber Director.

TITLE XVIII--TRANSFER AND REORGANIZATION OF DEFENSE ACQUISITION STATUTES

Sec. 1801. Transfer and reorganization of defense acquisition statutes.

                         Subtitle A--Definitions

Sec. 1806. Definitions.
Sec. 1807. General matters.
Sec. 1808. Defense acquisition system.
Sec. 1809. Budgeting and appropriations.
Sec. 1810. Operational contract support.

                    Subtitle B--Acquisition Planning

Sec. 1811. Planning and solicitation generally.
Sec. 1812. Independent cost estimation and cost analysis.
Sec. 1813. Other provisions relating to planning and solicitation 
          generally.

           Subtitle C--Contracting Methods and Contract Types

Sec. 1816. Awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1817. Specific types of contracts.
Sec. 1818. Other matters relating to awarding of contracts.
Sec. 1819. Undefinitized contractual actions.
Sec. 1820. Task and delivery order contracts.
Sec. 1821. Acquisition of commercial products and commercial services.
Sec. 1822. Multiyear contracts.
Sec. 1823. Simplified acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1824. Rapid acquisition procedures.
Sec. 1825. Contracts for long-term lease or charter of vessels, 
          aircraft, and combat vehicles.

               Subtitle D--General Contracting Provisions

Sec. 1831. Cost or pricing data.
Sec. 1832. Allowable costs.
Sec. 1833. Proprietary contractor data and rights in technical data.
Sec. 1834. Contract financing.
Sec. 1835. Contractor audits and accounting.
Sec. 1836. Claims and disputes.
Sec. 1837. Foreign acquisitions.
Sec. 1838. Socioeconomic programs.

                  Subtitle E--Research and Engineering

Sec. 1841. Research and engineering generally.
Sec. 1842. Innovation.
Sec. 1843. Department of Defense laboratories.
Sec. 1844. Research and development centers and facilities.
Sec. 1845. Test and evaluation.

   Subtitle F--Major Systems, Major Defense Acquisition Programs, and 
                       Weapon Systems Development

Sec. 1846. General matters.
Sec. 1847. Major systems and major defense acquisition programs 
          generally.
Sec. 1848. Life-cycle and sustainment.
Sec. 1849. Program status-selected acquisition reports.
Sec. 1850. Cost growth--unit cost reports (Nunn-McCurdy).
Sec. 1851. Weapon systems development and related matters.

           Subtitle G--Other Special Categories of Contracting

Sec. 1856. Acquisition of services generally.
Sec. 1857. Acquisition of information technology.

                     Subtitle H--Contract Management

Sec. 1861. Contract administration.
Sec. 1862. Prohibitions and penalties.
Sec. 1863. Contractor workforce.
Sec. 1864. Other administrative matters.

                   Subtitle I--Defense Industrial Base

Sec. 1866. Defense industrial base generally.
Sec. 1867. Policies and planning.
Sec. 1868. Development, application, and support of dual-use 
          technologies.
Sec. 1869. Manufacturing technology.
Sec. 1870. Other technology base policies and programs.
Sec. 1871. Small business programs.
Sec. 1872. Procurement technical assistance cooperative agreement 
          program.
Sec. 1873. Loan guarantee programs.

                        Subtitle J--Other Matters

Sec. 1876. Recodification of certain title 10 provisions relating to 
          contract financing for certain Navy contracts.
Sec. 1877. Recodification of title 10 statute on cadre of personnel who 
          are intellectual property experts.
Sec. 1878. Transfer of title 10 section relating to notification of Navy 
          procurement production disruptions.
Sec. 1879. Transfer of title 10 section relating to energy security.
Sec. 1880. Part IV heading.
Sec. 1881. Repeal of chapters 137, 139, 144, and 148.
Sec. 1882. Revision of chapter 141.
Sec. 1883. References.
Sec. 1884. Savings provisions.
Sec. 1885. Rule of construction.

            DIVISION B--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 2001. Short title.
Sec. 2002. Expiration of authorizations and amounts required to be 
          specified by law.
Sec. 2003. Effective date.

                  TITLE XXI--ARMY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2101. Authorized Army construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2102. Family housing.
Sec. 2103. Authorization of appropriations, Army.
Sec. 2104. Limitation on military construction project at Kwajalein 
          Atoll.
Sec. 2105. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2017 
          project at Camp Walker, Korea.

                 TITLE XXII--NAVY MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2201. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2202. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
          units.
Sec. 2203. Authorization of appropriations, Navy.

              TITLE XXIII--AIR FORCE MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2301. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2302. Family housing and improvements to military family housing 
          units.
Sec. 2303. Authorization of appropriations, Air Force.
Sec. 2304. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2018 project.
Sec. 2305. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2019 projects.
Sec. 2306. Modification of authority to carry out certain fiscal year 
          2020 projects.
Sec. 2307. Technical corrections related to authority to carry out 
          certain fiscal year 2020 family housing projects.

           TITLE XXIV--DEFENSE AGENCIES MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2401. Authorized Defense Agencies construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2402. Authorized Energy Resilience and Conservation Investment 
          Program projects.
Sec. 2403. Authorization of appropriations, Defense Agencies.
Sec. 2404. Independent study on Western Emergency Refined Fuel Reserves.

                    TITLE XXV--INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS

   Subtitle A--North Atlantic Treaty Organization Security Investment 
                                 Program

Sec. 2501. Authorized NATO construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2502. Authorization of appropriations, NATO.
Sec. 2503. Execution of projects under the North Atlantic Treaty 
          Organization Security Investment Program.

             Subtitle B--Host Country In-Kind Contributions

Sec. 2511. Republic of Korea funded construction projects.
Sec. 2512. Qatar funded construction projects.

             TITLE XXVI--GUARD AND RESERVE FORCES FACILITIES

Sec. 2601. Authorized Army National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2602. Authorized Army Reserve construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2603. Authorized Navy Reserve and Marine Corps Reserve construction 
          and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2604. Authorized Air National Guard construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2605. Authorized Air Force Reserve construction and land 
          acquisition projects.
Sec. 2606. Authorization of appropriations, National Guard and Reserve.
Sec. 2607. Modification of authority to carry out fiscal year 2020 
          project in Alabama.

          TITLE XXVII--BASE REALIGNMENT AND CLOSURE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 2701. Authorization of appropriations for base realignment and 
          closure activities funded through Department of Defense Base 
          Closure Account.
Sec. 2702. Prohibition on conducting additional base realignment and 
          closure (BRAC) round.
Sec. 2703. Plan to finish remediation activities conducted by the 
          Secretary of the Army in Umatilla, Oregon.

         TITLE XXVIII--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION GENERAL PROVISIONS

            Subtitle A--Military Construction Program Changes

Sec. 2801. Modification and clarification of construction authority in 
          the event of a declaration of war or national emergency.
Sec. 2802. Extension of sunset for annual locality adjustment of dollar 
          thresholds applicable to unspecified minor military 
          construction authorities.
Sec. 2803. Modification of reporting requirements regarding certain 
          military construction projects and military family housing 
          projects, contracts, and agreements.
Sec. 2804. Consideration of energy security and energy resilience in 
          life-cycle cost for military construction.
Sec. 2805. Congressional project authorization required for military 
          construction projects for energy resilience, energy security, 
          and energy conservation.
Sec. 2806. One-year extension of temporary, limited authority to use 
          operation and maintenance funds for construction projects in 
          certain areas outside the United States.
Sec. 2807. Responsibility of Navy for military construction requirements 
          for certain Fleet Readiness Centers.

               Subtitle B--Military Family Housing Reforms

Sec. 2811. Modifications and technical corrections related to military 
          housing privatization reform.
Sec. 2812. Repeal of authority to lease substandard family housing units 
          to members of the uniformed services.
Sec. 2813. Expenditure priorities in using Department of Defense Family 
          Housing Improvement Fund.
Sec. 2814. Availability of information regarding assessment of 
          performance metrics for contracts for provision or management 
          of privatized military housing.
Sec. 2815. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement 
          recommendations relating to military family housing contained 
          in report by Inspector General of Department of Defense.
Sec. 2816. Promulgation of guidance to facilitate return of military 
          families displaced from privatized military housing.
Sec. 2817. Promulgation of guidance on relocation of residents of 
          military housing impacted by presence of mold.
Sec. 2818. Expansion of uniform code of basic standards for privatized 
          military housing and hazard and habitability inspection and 
          assessment requirements to Government-owned and Government-
          controlled military family housing.

         Subtitle C--Real Property and Facilities Administration

Sec. 2821. Acceptance of property by military service academies, 
          professional military education schools, and military museums 
          subject to naming-rights condition.
Sec. 2822. Codification of reporting requirements regarding United 
          States overseas military enduring locations and contingency 
          locations.
Sec. 2823. Promotion of energy resilience and energy security in 
          privatized utility systems.
Sec. 2824. Vesting exercise of discretion with Secretaries of the 
          military departments regarding entering into longer-term 
          contracts for utility services.
Sec. 2825. Use of on-site energy production to promote military 
          installation energy resilience and energy security.
Sec. 2826. Improved electrical metering of Department of Defense 
          infrastructure supporting critical missions.
Sec. 2827. Improving water management and security on military 
          installations.
Sec. 2828. Prohibition relating to closure or return to host nation of 
          existing military installations, infrastructure, or real 
          property in Europe.

                      Subtitle D--Land Conveyances

Sec. 2831. Land conveyance, Camp Navajo, Arizona.
Sec. 2832. Modification of land exchange involving Naval Industrial 
          Reserve Ordnance Plant, Sunnyvale, California.
Sec. 2833. Land conveyance, Sharpe Army Depot, Lathrop, California.
Sec. 2834. Land exchange, San Bernardino County, California.
Sec. 2835. Land conveyance, Over-the-Horizon Backscatter Radar System 
          receiving station, Modoc County, California.
Sec. 2836. Transfer of administrative jurisdiction, Naval Support 
          Activity Panama City, Florida, parcel.
Sec. 2837. Lease extension, Bryan Multi-Sports Complex, Wayne County, 
          North Carolina.
Sec. 2838. Land conveyances, Milan Army Ammunition Plant, Tennessee.

                  Subtitle E--Military Land Withdrawals

Sec. 2841. Renewal of land withdrawal and reservation to benefit Naval 
          Air Facility, El Centro, California.
Sec. 2842. Renewal of Fallon Range Training Complex land withdrawal and 
          reservation.
Sec. 2843. Renewal of Nevada Test and Training Range land withdrawal and 
          reservation.
Sec. 2844. Establishment of interagency committees on joint use of 
          certain land withdrawn from appropriation under public land 
          laws.

            Subtitle F--Asia-Pacific and Indo-Pacific Issues

Sec. 2851. Change to biennial reporting requirement for Interagency 
          Coordination Group of Inspectors General for Guam Realignment.
Sec. 2852. Additional exception to restriction on development of public 
          infrastructure in connection with realignment of Marine Corps 
          forces in Asia-Pacific region.
Sec. 2853. Development of master plan for infrastructure to support 
          rotational Armed Forces in Australia.
Sec. 2854. Bulk fuel management in United States Indo-Pacific Command 
          Area of Responsibility.

                  Subtitle G--Authorized Pilot Programs

Sec. 2861. Pilot program to authorize use of cost savings realized from 
          intergovernmental services agreements for installation-support 
          services.
Sec. 2862. Department of Defense pilot program to evaluate expansion of 
          land exchange authority.
Sec. 2863. Pilot program to support combatant command military 
          construction priorities.
Sec. 2864. Pilot program to test use of emergency diesel generators in a 
          microgrid configuration at certain military installations.
Sec. 2865. Pilot program to authorize additional military construction 
          projects for child development centers at military 
          installations.
Sec. 2866. Department of the Army pilot program for development and use 
          of online real estate inventory tool.

              Subtitle H--Miscellaneous Studies and Reports

Sec. 2871. Reports regarding decision-making process used to locate or 
          relocate major headquarters and certain military units and 
          weapon systems.
Sec. 2872. Report on effect of noise restrictions on military 
          installations and operations and development and 
          implementation of noise mitigation measures.
Sec. 2873. Study and report regarding continued need for protected 
          aircraft shelters in Europe and status of United States air 
          base resiliency in Europe.

                        Subtitle I--Other Matters

Sec. 2881. Military construction infrastructure and weapon system 
          synchronization for Ground Based Strategic Deterrent.
Sec. 2882. Defense Community Infrastructure Program.
Sec. 2883. Consideration of certain military family readiness issues in 
          making basing decisions associated with certain military units 
          and major headquarters.
Sec. 2884. Department of Defense policy for regulation in military 
          communities of dangerous dogs kept as pets.

    TITLE XXIX--OVERSEAS CONTINGENCY OPERATIONS MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 2901. Authorized Navy construction and land acquisition projects.
Sec. 2902. Authorized Air Force construction and land acquisition 
          projects.
Sec. 2903. Authorization of appropriations.

 DIVISION C--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY AUTHORIZATIONS AND 
                          OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

       TITLE XXXI--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

        Subtitle A--National Security Programs and Authorizations

Sec. 3101. National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3102. Defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3103. Other defense activities.
Sec. 3104. Nuclear energy.

              Subtitle B--Nuclear Weapons Stockpile Matters

Sec. 3111. W93 nuclear warhead acquisition process.
Sec. 3112. Earned value management and technology readiness levels for 
          life extension programs.
Sec. 3113. Monitoring of industrial base for nuclear weapons components, 
          subsystems, and materials.
Sec. 3114. Plutonium pit production.

            Subtitle C--Defense Environmental Cleanup Matters

Sec. 3121. Public statement of environmental liabilities for facilities 
          undergoing defense environmental cleanup.
Sec. 3122. Inclusion of missed milestones in future-years defense 
          environmental cleanup plan.
Sec. 3123. Classification of defense environmental cleanup as capital 
          asset projects or operations activities.
Sec. 3124. Extension of limitation relating to reclassification of high-
          level waste.
Sec. 3125. Continued analysis of approaches for supplemental treatment 
          of low-activity waste at Hanford Nuclear Reservation.

               Subtitle D--Safeguards and Security Matters

Sec. 3131. Reporting on penetrations of networks of contractors and 
          subcontractors.

                      Subtitle E--Personnel Matters

Sec. 3141. Extension of authority for appointment of certain scientific, 
          engineering, and technical personnel.
Sec. 3142. Inclusion of certain employees and contractors of Department 
          of Energy in definition of public safety officer for purposes 
          of certain death benefits.
Sec. 3143. Reimbursement for liability insurance for nuclear materials 
          couriers.
Sec. 3144. Transportation and moving expenses for immediate family of 
          deceased nuclear materials couriers.
Sec. 3145. Permanent extension of Office of Ombudsman for Energy 
          Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program.
Sec. 3146. Reports on diversity of certain contractor employees of 
          National Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3147. Sense of Congress regarding compensation of individuals 
          relating to uranium mining and nuclear testing.

           Subtitle F--Budget and Financial Management Matters

Sec. 3151. Reports on financial balances for atomic energy defense 
          activities.

                   Subtitle G--Administrative Matters

Sec. 3161. Modifications to enhanced procurement authority to manage 
          supply chain risk.
Sec. 3162. Extension of pilot program on unavailability for overhead 
          costs of amounts specified for laboratory-directed research 
          and development.

                        Subtitle H--Other Matters

Sec. 3171. Independent study on potential environmental effects of 
          nuclear war.
Sec. 3172. Review of future of computing beyond exascale at the National 
          Nuclear Security Administration.
Sec. 3173. Sense of Congress on the Agreement Suspending the Antidumping 
          Investigation on Uranium from the Russian Federation.

          TITLE XXXII--DEFENSE NUCLEAR FACILITIES SAFETY BOARD

Sec. 3201. Authorization.
Sec. 3202. Nonpublic collaborative discussions by Defense Nuclear 
          Facilities Safety Board.

                  TITLE XXXIV--NAVAL PETROLEUM RESERVES

Sec. 3401. Authorization of appropriations.

                      TITLE XXXV--MARITIME MATTERS

                   Subtitle A--Maritime Administration

Sec. 3501. Authorization of the Maritime Administration.
Sec. 3502. Improvements to process for waiving navigation and vessel-
          inspection laws and approving foreign vessel charters for 
          passenger vessels.
Sec. 3503. Superintendent of the United States Merchant Marine Academy.
Sec. 3504. Assistance for inland and small coastal ports and terminals.
Sec. 3505. Maritime transportation system emergency relief program.
Sec. 3506. Sea year cadets on cable security fleet and tanker security 
          fleet vessels.
Sec. 3507. Centers of excellence for domestic maritime workforce 
          training and education: technical amendments.
Sec. 3508. Merchant mariner training and education.
Sec. 3509. Publication of information about students and recent 
          graduates of Maritime Academies.
Sec. 3510. Mariner licensing and credentialing for M/V LISERON.

                    Subtitle B--Tanker Security Fleet

Sec. 3511. Tanker Security Fleet.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 3521. Maritime security and domain awareness.
Sec. 3522. Sense of Congress regarding role of domestic maritime 
          industry in national security.

                       DIVISION D--FUNDING TABLES

Sec. 4001. Authorization of amounts in funding tables.

                         TITLE XLI--PROCUREMENT

Sec. 4101. Procurement.
Sec. 4102. Procurement for overseas contingency operations.

         TITLE XLII--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

Sec. 4201. Research, development, test, and evaluation.
Sec. 4202. Research, development, test, and evaluation for overseas 
          contingency operations.

                 TITLE XLIII--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

Sec. 4301. Operation and maintenance.
Sec. 4302. Operation and maintenance for overseas contingency 
          operations.

                     TITLE XLIV--MILITARY PERSONNEL

Sec. 4401. Military personnel.
Sec. 4402. Military personnel for overseas contingency operations.

                     TITLE XLV--OTHER AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 4501. Other authorizations.
Sec. 4502. Other authorizations for overseas contingency operations.

                    TITLE XLVI--MILITARY CONSTRUCTION

Sec. 4601. Military construction.
Sec. 4602. Military construction for overseas contingency operations.

      TITLE XLVII--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY NATIONAL SECURITY PROGRAMS

Sec. 4701. Department of energy national security programs.

   DIVISION E--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE ACT OF 2020

Sec. 5001. Short title.
Sec. 5002. Definitions.

          TITLE LI--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE INITIATIVE

Sec. 5101. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative.
Sec. 5102. National Artificial Intelligence Initiative Office.
Sec. 5103. Coordination by Interagency Committee.
Sec. 5104. National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee.
Sec. 5105. National Academies artificial intelligence impact study on 
          workforce.
Sec. 5106. National AI Research Resource Task Force.

     TITLE LII--NATIONAL ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH INSTITUTES

Sec. 5201. National Artificial Intelligence Research Institutes.

  TITLE LIII--DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5301. National institute of standards and technology activities.
Sec. 5302. Stakeholder outreach.
Sec. 5303. National oceanic and atmospheric administration artificial 
          intelligence center.

     TITLE LIV--NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                               ACTIVITIES

Sec. 5401. Artificial intelligence research and education.

 TITLE LV--DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH PROGRAM

Sec. 5501. Department of energy artificial intelligence research 
          program.

                    DIVISION F--ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING

Sec. 6001. Short title.
Sec. 6002. Purposes.
Sec. 6003. Definitions.

  TITLE LXI--STRENGTHENING TREASURY FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE, ANTI-MONEY 
     LAUNDERING, AND COUNTERING THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM PROGRAMS

Sec. 6101. Establishment of national exam and supervision priorities.
Sec. 6102. Strengthening FinCEN.
Sec. 6103. FinCEN Exchange.
Sec. 6104. Interagency anti-money laundering and countering the 
          financing of terrorism personnel rotation program.
Sec. 6105. Terrorism and financial intelligence special hiring 
          authority.
Sec. 6106. Treasury Attache program.
Sec. 6107. Establishment of FinCEN Domestic Liaisons.
Sec. 6108. Foreign Financial Intelligence Unit Liaisons.
Sec. 6109. Protection of information exchanged with foreign law 
          enforcement and financial intelligence units.
Sec. 6110. Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in antiquities and 
          assessment of Bank Secrecy Act application to dealers in arts.
Sec. 6111. Increasing technical assistance for international 
          cooperation.
Sec. 6112. International coordination.

  TITLE LXII--MODERNIZING THE ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
                      FINANCING OF TERRORISM SYSTEM

Sec. 6201. Annual reporting requirements.
Sec. 6202. Additional considerations for suspicious activity reporting 
          requirements.
Sec. 6203. Law enforcement feedback on suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6204. Streamlining requirements for currency transaction reports 
          and suspicious activity reports.
Sec. 6205. Currency transaction reports and suspicious activity reports 
          thresholds review.
Sec. 6206. Sharing of threat pattern and trend information.
Sec. 6207. Subcommittee on Innovation and Technology.
Sec. 6208. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Innovation Officers.
Sec. 6209. Testing methods rulemaking.
Sec. 6210. Financial technology assessment.
Sec. 6211. Financial crimes tech symposium.
Sec. 6212. Pilot program on sharing of information related to suspicious 
          activity reports within a financial group.
Sec. 6213. Sharing of compliance resources.
Sec. 6214. Encouraging information sharing and public-private 
          partnerships.
Sec. 6215. Financial services de-risking.
Sec. 6216. Review of regulations and guidance.

    TITLE LXIII--IMPROVING ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING AND COUNTERING THE 
     FINANCING OF TERRORISM COMMUNICATION, OVERSIGHT, AND PROCESSES

Sec. 6301. Improved interagency coordination and consultation.
Sec. 6302. Subcommittee on Information Security and Confidentiality.
Sec. 6303. Establishment of Bank Secrecy Act Information Security 
          Officers.
Sec. 6304. FinCEN analytical hub.
Sec. 6305. Assessment of Bank Secrecy Act no-action letters.
Sec. 6306. Cooperation with law enforcement.
Sec. 6307. Training for examiners on anti-money laundering and 
          countering the financing of terrorism.
Sec. 6308. Obtaining foreign bank records from banks with United States 
          correspondent accounts.
Sec. 6309. Additional damages for repeat Bank Secrecy Act violators.
Sec. 6310. Certain violators barred from serving on boards of United 
          States financial institutions.
Sec. 6311. Department of Justice report on deferred and non-prosecution 
          agreements.
Sec. 6312. Return of profits and bonuses.
Sec. 6313. Prohibition on concealment of the source of assets in 
          monetary transactions.
Sec. 6314. Updating whistleblower incentives and protection.

  TITLE LXIV--ESTABLISHING BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP INFORMATION REPORTING 
                              REQUIREMENTS

Sec. 6401. Short title.
Sec. 6402. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 6403. Beneficial ownership information reporting requirements.

                        TITLE LXV--MISCELLANEOUS

Sec. 6501. Investigations and prosecution of offenses for violations of 
          the securities laws.
Sec. 6502. GAO and Treasury studies on beneficial ownership information 
          reporting requirements.
Sec. 6503. GAO study on feedback loops.
Sec. 6504. GAO CTR study and report.
Sec. 6505. GAO studies on trafficking.
Sec. 6506. Treasury study and strategy on trade-based money laundering.
Sec. 6507. Treasury study and strategy on money laundering by the 
          People's Republic of China.
Sec. 6508. Treasury and Justice study on the efforts of authoritarian 
          regimes to exploit the financial system of the United States.
Sec. 6509. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 6510. Discretionary surplus funds.
Sec. 6511. Severability.

  DIVISION G--ELIJAH E. CUMMINGS COAST GUARD AUTHORIZATION ACT OF 2020

Sec. 8001. Short title.
Sec. 8002. Definition of Commandant.

                      TITLE LVXXXI--AUTHORIZATIONS

Sec. 8101. Authorizations of appropriations.
Sec. 8102. Authorized levels of military strength and training.
Sec. 8103. Determination of budgetary effects.
Sec. 8104. Availability of amounts for acquisition of additional 
          National Security Cutter.
Sec. 8105. Procurement authority for Polar Security Cutters.
Sec. 8106. Sense of the Congress on need for new Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8107. Procurement authority for Great Lakes icebreaker.
Sec. 8108. Polar Security Cutter acquisition report.
Sec. 8109. Shoreside infrastructure.
Sec. 8110. Major acquisition systems infrastructure.
Sec. 8111. Polar icebreakers.
Sec. 8112. Acquisition of fast response cutter.

                       TITLE LVXXXII--COAST GUARD

                 Subtitle A--Military Personnel Matters

Sec. 8201. Grade on retirement.
Sec. 8202. Authority for officers to opt out of promotion board 
          consideration.
Sec. 8203. Temporary promotion authority for officers in certain grades 
          with critical skills.
Sec. 8204. Career intermission program.
Sec. 8205. Direct commissioning authority for individuals with critical 
          skills.
Sec. 8206. Employment assistance.

             Subtitle B--Organization and Management Matters

Sec. 8211. Congressional affairs; Director.
Sec. 8212. Limitations on claims.
Sec. 8213. Renewal of temporary early retirement authority.
Sec. 8214. Major acquisitions; operation and sustainment costs.
Sec. 8215. Support of women serving in the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8216. Disposition of infrastructure related to E-LORAN.
Sec. 8217. Positions of importance and responsibility.
Sec. 8218. Research projects; transactions other than contracts and 
          grants.
Sec. 8219. Acquisition workforce authorities.
Sec. 8220. Vessel conversion, alteration, and repair projects.
Sec. 8221. Modification of acquisition process and procedures.
Sec. 8222. Establishment and purpose of Fund; definition.
Sec. 8223. Payments from Fund.
Sec. 8224. Determination of contributions to Fund.
Sec. 8225. Payments into Fund.

        Subtitle C--Access to Child Care for Coast Guard Families

Sec. 8231. Report on child care and school-age care assistance for 
          qualified families.
Sec. 8232. Review of family support services website and online tracking 
          system.
Sec. 8233. Study and survey on Coast Guard child care needs.
Sec. 8234. Pilot program to expand access to child care.
Sec. 8235. Improvements to Coast Guard-owned family housing.
Sec. 8236. Briefing on transfer of family child care provider 
          qualifications and certifications.
Sec. 8237. Inspections of Coast Guard child development centers and 
          family child care providers.
Sec. 8238. Expanding opportunities for family child care.
Sec. 8239. Definitions.

                           Subtitle D--Reports

Sec. 8240. Modifications of certain reporting requirements.
Sec. 8241. Report on cybersecurity workforce.
Sec. 8242. Report on navigation and bridge resource management.
Sec. 8243. Report on helicopter life-cycle support and recapitalization.
Sec. 8244. Report on Coast Guard response capabilities for cyber 
          incidents on vessels entering ports or waters of the United 
          States.
Sec. 8245. Study and report on Coast Guard interdiction of illicit drugs 
          in transit zones.
Sec. 8246. Report on liability limits set in section 1004 of the Oil 
          Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8247. Report on Coast Guard defense readiness resources allocation.
Sec. 8248. Report on the feasibility of liquefied natural gas fueled 
          vessels.
Sec. 8249. Coast Guard authorities study.
Sec. 8250. Report on effects of climate change on Coast Guard.
Sec. 8251. Shore infrastructure.
Sec. 8252. Coast Guard housing; status and authorities briefing.
Sec. 8253. Physical access control system report.
Sec. 8254. Study on Certificate of Compliance inspection program with 
          respect to vessels that carry bulk liquefied gases as cargo 
          and liquefied natural gas tank vessels.
Sec. 8255. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          Coast Guard's International Port Security Program.
Sec. 8256. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          surge capacity of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8257. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          marine inspections program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8258. Comptroller General of the United States review and report on 
          information technology program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8259. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
          access to health care by members of Coast Guard and 
          dependents.
Sec. 8260. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
          medical staffing standards and needs for Coast Guard.
Sec. 8261. Report on fast response cutters, offshore patrol cutters, and 
          national security cutters.

             Subtitle E--Coast Guard Academy Improvement Act

Sec. 8271. Short title.
Sec. 8272. Coast Guard Academy study.
Sec. 8273. Annual report.
Sec. 8274. Assessment of Coast Guard Academy admission processes.
Sec. 8275. Coast Guard Academy minority outreach team program.
Sec. 8276. Coast Guard college student pre-commissioning initiative.
Sec. 8277. Annual board of visitors.
Sec. 8278. Homeland Security rotational cybersecurity research program 
          at Coast Guard Academy.

                        Subtitle F--Other Matters

Sec. 8281. Strategy on leadership of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8282. Expedited transfer in cases of sexual assault; dependents of 
          members of the Coast Guard.
Sec. 8283. Access to resources during creosote-related building closures 
          at Coast Guard Base Seattle, Washington.
Sec. 8284. Southern resident orca conservation and enforcement.
Sec. 8285. Sense of Congress and report on implementation of policy on 
          issuance of warrants and subpoenas and whistleblower 
          protections by agents of the Coast Guard Investigative 
          Service.
Sec. 8286. Inspector General report on access to Equal Opportunity 
          Advisors and Equal Employment Opportunity Specialists.
Sec. 8287. Insider Threat Program.

                        TITLE LVXXXIII--MARITIME

                         Subtitle A--Navigation

Sec. 8301. Electronic charts; equivalency.
Sec. 8302. Subrogated claims.
Sec. 8303. Loan provisions under Oil Pollution Act of 1990.
Sec. 8304. Oil pollution research and development program.

                          Subtitle B--Shipping

Sec. 8311. Passenger vessel security and safety requirements; 
          application.
Sec. 8312. Small passenger vessels and uninspected passenger vessels.
Sec. 8313. Non-operating individual.
Sec. 8314. Conforming amendments: training; public safety personnel.
Sec. 8315. Maritime transportation assessment.
Sec. 8316. Engine cut-off switches; use requirement.
Sec. 8317. Authority to waive operator of self-propelled uninspected 
          passenger vessel requirements.
Sec. 8318. Exemptions and equivalents.
Sec. 8319. Renewal of merchant mariner licenses and documents.
Sec. 8320. Certificate extensions.
Sec. 8321. Vessel safety standards.
Sec. 8322. Medical standards.

                     Subtitle C--Advisory Committees

Sec. 8331. Advisory committees.
Sec. 8332. Maritime Transportation System National Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8333. Expired maritime liens.
Sec. 8334. Great Lakes Pilotage Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8335. National Commercial Fishing Safety Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8336. Exemption of commercial fishing vessels operating in Alaskan 
          Region from Global Maritime Distress and Safety System 
          requirements of Federal Communications Commission.

                            Subtitle D--Ports

Sec. 8341. Port, harbor, and coastal facility security.
Sec. 8342. Aiming laser pointer at vessel.
Sec. 8343. Safety of special activities.
Sec. 8344. Security plans; reviews.
Sec. 8345. Vessel traffic service.
Sec. 8346. Transportation work identification card pilot program.

                      TITLE LVXXXIV--MISCELLANEOUS

                   Subtitle A--Navigation and Shipping

Sec. 8401. Coastwise trade.
Sec. 8402. Towing vessels operating outside boundary line.
Sec. 8403. Sense of Congress regarding the maritime industry of the 
          United States.
Sec. 8404. Cargo preference study.
Sec. 8405. Towing vessel inspection fees review.

                  Subtitle B--Maritime Domain Awareness

Sec. 8411. Unmanned maritime systems and satellite vessel tracking 
          technologies.
Sec. 8412. Unmanned aircraft systems testing.
Sec. 8413. Land-based unmanned aircraft system program of Coast Guard.
Sec. 8414. Prohibition on operation or procurement of foreign-made 
          unmanned aircraft systems.
Sec. 8415. United States commercial space-based radio frequency maritime 
          domain awareness testing and evaluation program.
Sec. 8416. Authorization of use of automatic identification systems 
          devices to mark fishing equipment.

                           Subtitle C--Arctic

Sec. 8421. Coast Guard Arctic prioritization.
Sec. 8422. Arctic PARS Native engagement.
Sec. 8423. Voting requirement.
Sec. 8424. Report on the Arctic capabilities of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 8425. Report on Arctic search and rescue.
Sec. 8426. Arctic Shipping Federal Advisory Committee.

                        Subtitle D--Other Matters

Sec. 8431. Plan for wing-in-ground demonstration plan.
Sec. 8432. Northern Michigan oil spill response planning.
Sec. 8433. Documentation of LNG tankers.
Sec. 8434. Replacement vessel.
Sec. 8435. Educational vessel.
Sec. 8436. Waters deemed not navigable waters of the United States for 
          certain purposes.
Sec. 8437. Anchorages.
Sec. 8438. Comptroller General of the United States study and report on 
          vertical evacuation for tsunamis at Coast Guard Stations in 
          Washington and Oregon.
Sec. 8439. Authority to enter into agreements with National Coast Guard 
          Museum Association.
Sec. 8440. Video equipment; access and retention of records.
Sec. 8441. Regulations for covered small passenger vessels.

     TITLE LVXXXV--TECHNICAL, CONFORMING, AND CLARIFYING AMENDMENTS

Sec. 8501. Transfers.
Sec. 8502. Additional transfers.
Sec. 8503. License exemptions; repeal of obsolete provisions.
Sec. 8504. Maritime transportation system.
Sec. 8505. References to ``persons'' and ``seamen''.
Sec. 8506. References to ``himself'' and ``his''.
Sec. 8507. Miscellaneous technical corrections.
Sec. 8508. Technical corrections relating to codification of Ports and 
          Waterways Safety Act.
Sec. 8509. Aids to navigation.
Sec. 8510. Transfers related to employees of Lighthouse Service.
Sec. 8511. Transfers related to surviving spouses of Lighthouse Service 
          employees.
Sec. 8512. Repeals related to lighthouse statutes.
Sec. 8513. Common appropriation structure.

               TITLE LVXXXVI--FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION

Sec. 8601. Short title.
Sec. 8602. Authorization of appropriations.
Sec. 8603. Unfinished proceedings.
Sec. 8604. National Shipper Advisory Committee.
Sec. 8605. Transfer of Federal Maritime Commission provisions.

                        DIVISION H--OTHER MATTERS

                   TITLE XC--HOMELAND SECURITY MATTERS

Sec. 9001. Department of Homeland Security CISA Director.
Sec. 9002. Sector risk management agencies.
Sec. 9003. Review and analysis of inland waters seaport security.
Sec. 9004. Department of Homeland Security reports on digital content 
          forgery technology.
Sec. 9005. GAO study of cybersecurity insurance.
Sec. 9006. Strategy to secure email.
Sec. 9007. Department of Homeland Security large-scale non-intrusive 
          inspection scanning plan.

                   TITLE XCI--VETERANS AFFAIRS MATTERS

Sec. 9101. Modification of licensure requirements for Department of 
          Veterans Affairs health care professionals providing treatment 
          via telemedicine.
Sec. 9102. Additional care for newborn children of veterans.
Sec. 9103. Expansion of eligibility for HUD-VASH.
Sec. 9104. Study on unemployment rate of women veterans who served on 
          active duty in the Armed Forces after September 11, 2001.
Sec. 9105. Access of veterans to Individual Longitudinal Exposure 
          Record.
Sec. 9106. Department of Veterans Affairs report on undisbursed funds.
Sec. 9107. Transfer of Mare Island Naval Cemetery to Secretary of 
          Veterans Affairs for maintenance by National Cemetery 
          Administration.
Sec. 9108. Comptroller General report on Department of Veterans Affairs 
          handling of disability compensation claims by certain 
          veterans.
Sec. 9109. Additional diseases associated with exposure to certain 
          herbicide agents for which there is a presumption of service 
          connection for veterans who served in the Republic of Vietnam.

                   TITLE XCII--COMMUNICATIONS MATTERS

Sec. 9201. Reliable emergency alert distribution improvement.
Sec. 9202. Wireless supply chain innovation and multilateral security.
Sec. 9203. Spectrum information technology modernization efforts.
Sec. 9204. Internet of Things.

                    TITLE XCIII--INTELLIGENCE MATTERS

Sec. 9301. Requirement for facilitation of establishment of social media 
          data and threat analysis center.
Sec. 9302. Independent study on identifying and addressing threats that 
          individually or collectively affect national security, 
          financial security, or both.

           TITLE XCIV--SCIENCE, SPACE, AND TECHNOLOGY MATTERS

                    Subtitle A--Cybersecurity Matters

Sec. 9401. Improving national initiative for cybersecurity education.
Sec. 9402. Development of standards and guidelines for improving 
          cybersecurity workforce of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9403. Modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-service 
          program.
Sec. 9404. Additional modifications to Federal cyber scholarship-for-
          service program.
Sec. 9405. Cybersecurity in programs of the National Science Foundation.
Sec. 9406. Cybersecurity in STEM programs of the National Aeronautics 
          and Space Administration.
Sec. 9407. National cybersecurity challenges.

                        Subtitle B--Other Matters

Sec. 9411. Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research.
Sec. 9412. Industries of the future.
Sec. 9413. National Institute of Standards and Technology Manufacturing 
          Extension Partnership program supply chain database.
Sec. 9414. Study on Chinese policies and influence in the development of 
          international standards for emerging technologies.
Sec. 9415. Coordination with Hollings Manufacturing Extension 
          Partnership Centers.

                  TITLE XCV--NATURAL RESOURCES MATTERS

Sec. 9501. Transfer of funds for Oklahoma City national memorial 
          endowment fund.
Sec. 9502. Workforce issues for military realignments in the Pacific.
Sec. 9503. Affirmation of authority for non-oil and gas operations on 
          the outer Continental Shelf.

                TITLE XCVI--OVERSIGHT AND REFORM MATTERS

Sec. 9601. Inventory of program activities of Federal agencies.
Sec. 9602. Preservation of electronic messages and other records.
Sec. 9603. Continuity of the economy plan.

                 TITLE XCVII--FINANCIAL SERVICES MATTERS

           Subtitle A--Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards Act

Sec. 9701. Short title.
Sec. 9702. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9703. Department of the Treasury Kleptocracy Asset Recovery Rewards 
          Pilot Program.

             Subtitle B--Combating Russian Money Laundering

Sec. 9711. Short title.
Sec. 9712. Statement of policy.
Sec. 9713. Sense of Congress.
Sec. 9714. Determination with respect to primary money laundering 
          concern of Russian illicit finance.

                        Subtitle C--Other Matters

Sec. 9721. Certified notice at completion of an assessment.
Sec. 9722. Ensuring Chinese debt transparency.
Sec. 9723. Accountability for World Bank Loans to China.
Sec. 9724. Fairness for Taiwan nationals regarding employment at 
          international financial institutions.

 TITLE XCIX--CREATING HELPFUL INCENTIVES TO PRODUCE SEMICONDUCTORS FOR 
                                 AMERICA

Sec. 9901. Definitions.
Sec. 9902. Semiconductor incentives.
Sec. 9903. Department of Defense.
Sec. 9904. Department of Commerce study on status of microelectronics 
          technologies in the United States industrial base.
Sec. 9905. Funding for development and adoption of measurably secure 
          semiconductors and measurably secure semiconductors supply 
          chains.
Sec. 9906. Advanced microelectronics research and development.
Sec. 9907. Prohibition relating to foreign entities of concern.
Sec. 9908. Defense Production Act of 1950 efforts.

                         TITLE C--OTHER MATTERS

Sec. 10001. AMBER Alert nationwide.
Sec. 10002. Improving authority for operation of unmanned aircraft for 
          educational purposes.
Sec. 10003. Prohibition on provision of airport improvement grant funds 
          to certain entities that have violated intellectual property 
          rights of United States entities.
Sec. 10004. Study and report on the affordability of insulin.
Sec. 10005. Waiver authority with respect to institutions located in an 
          area affected by Hurricane Maria.
Sec. 10006. Farm and ranch mental health.

SEC. 3. CONGRESSIONAL DEFENSE COMMITTEES.

    In this Act, the term ``congressional defense committees'' 
has the meaning given that term in section 101(a)(16) of title 
10, United States Code.

SEC. 4. BUDGETARY EFFECTS OF THIS ACT.

    The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of 
complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall 
be determined by reference to the latest statement titled 
``Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation'' for this Act, 
jointly submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by 
the Chairmen of the House and Senate Budget Committees, 
provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the 
vote on passage in the House acting first on the conference 
report or amendment between the Houses.

            DIVISION A--DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE AUTHORIZATIONS

                          TITLE I--PROCUREMENT

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 101. Authorization of appropriations.

                        Subtitle B--Army Programs

Sec. 111. Modifications to requirement for an interim cruise missile 
          defense capability.
Sec. 112. Report and limitations on acquisition of Integrated Visual 
          Augmentation System.
Sec. 113. Assessment of investment and sustainment for procurement of 
          cannon tubes.

                        Subtitle C--Navy Programs

Sec. 121. Limitation on alteration of the Navy fleet mix.
Sec. 122. Limitations on Navy medium and large unmanned surface vessels.
Sec. 123. Fighter force structure acquisition strategy.
Sec. 124. Procurement authorities for certain amphibious shipbuilding 
          programs.
Sec. 125. Land-based test program for the FFG(X) Frigate program.
Sec. 126. Treatment in future budgets of the President of systems added 
          by Congress.
Sec. 127. Extension of prohibition on availability of funds for Navy 
          waterborne security barriers.
Sec. 128. Report on strategy to use ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer to 
          ensure full spectrum electromagnetic superiority.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

Sec. 131. Minimum operational squadron level.
Sec. 132. Modification of force structure objectives for bomber 
          aircraft.
Sec. 133. Minimum bomber aircraft force level.
Sec. 134. Required minimum inventory of tactical airlift aircraft.
Sec. 135. Inventory requirements for air refueling tanker aircraft.
Sec. 136. Authority to use F-35A fighter aircraft AT-1 through AT-6.
Sec. 137. F-35 aircraft gun system ammunition.
Sec. 138. Extension of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of RC-135 aircraft.
Sec. 139. Modification to limitation on retirement of U-2 and RQ-4 
          aircraft.
Sec. 140. Modification of limitation on availability of funds for 
          retirement of E-8 JSTARS aircraft.
Sec. 141. Limitation on divestment of F-15C aircraft within the European 
          theater.
Sec. 142. Modernization plan for airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
          and reconnaissance.
Sec. 143. RC-26B manned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          aircraft.
Sec. 144. Prohibition on funding for Close Air Support Integration 
          Group.
Sec. 145. Required solution for KC-46 aircraft remote visual system 
          limitations.
Sec. 146. Analysis of moving target indicator requirements and Advanced 
          Battle Management System capabilities.
Sec. 147. Study on measures to assess cost-per-effect for key mission 
          areas.

        Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

Sec. 151. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
          and Air Force.
Sec. 152. Transfer of responsibilities and functions relating to 
          electromagnetic spectrum operations.
Sec. 153. Cryptographic modernization schedules.
Sec. 154. Department of Defense participation in the Special Federal 
          Aviation Regulation Working Group.
Sec. 155. Integrated air and missile defense assessment.
Sec. 156. Joint strategy for air base defense against missile threats.
Sec. 157. Joint All Domain Command and Control requirements.
Sec. 158. Expansion of economic order quantity contracting authority for 
          F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 159. Documentation relating to the F-35 aircraft program.
Sec. 160. F-35 aircraft munitions.
Sec. 161. Redesign strategy for the Autonomic Logistics Information 
          System for the F-35 fighter aircraft.
Sec. 162. Briefings on software regression testing for F-35 aircraft.
Sec. 163. Prohibition on use of funds for the Armed Overwatch Program.
Sec. 164. Acceleration of development and fielding of counter unmanned 
          aircraft systems across the joint force.
Sec. 165. Airborne intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
          acquisition roadmap for the United States Special Operations 
          Command.
Sec. 166. Prohibition on divestiture of manned intelligence, 
          surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by United 
          States Special Operations Command.
Sec. 167. Notification on efforts to replace inoperable ejection seat 
          aircraft locator beacons.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 101. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2021 for procurement for the Army, the Navy and the Marine 
Corps, the Air Force and the Space Force, and Defense-wide 
activities, as specified in the funding table in section 4101.

                       Subtitle B--Army Programs

SEC. 111. MODIFICATIONS TO REQUIREMENT FOR AN INTERIM CRUISE MISSILE 
                    DEFENSE CAPABILITY.

    (a) Plan.--Not later than January 15, 2021, the Secretary 
of the Army shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees the plan, including a timeline, to operationally 
deploy or forward station the interim cruise missile defense 
capability procured pursuant to section 112 of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1660) in an operational theater 
or theaters.
    (b) Modification of Waiver.--Paragraph (4) of section 
112(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2019 (132 Stat. 1661) is amended to read as 
follows:
            ``(4) Waiver.--The Secretary of the Army may waive 
        the deadlines specified in paragraph (1):
                    ``(A) For the deadline specified in 
                paragraph (1)(A), if the Secretary determines 
                that sufficient funds have not been 
                appropriated to enable the Secretary to meet 
                such deadline.
                    ``(B) For the deadline specified in 
                paragraph (1)(B), if the Secretary submits to 
                the congressional defense committees a 
                certification that--
                            ``(i) allocating resources toward 
                        procurement of an integrated enduring 
                        capability would provide robust tiered 
                        and layered protection to the joint 
                        force; or
                            ``(ii) additional time is required 
                        to complete testing, training, and 
                        preparation for operational 
                        capability.''.

SEC. 112. REPORT AND LIMITATIONS ON ACQUISITION OF INTEGRATED VISUAL 
                    AUGMENTATION SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than August 15, 2021, 
        but after completion of operational testing of the 
        Integrated Visual Augmentation System (IVAS), the 
        Secretary of the Army shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the Integrated Visual 
        Augmentation System.
            (2) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) The acquisition strategy for the 
                Integrated Visual Augmentation System, 
                including an estimate of the average production 
                unit cost, a schedule for full-rate production, 
                and an identification of any hardware and 
                software changes in the System as a result of 
                operational testing.
                    (B) A description of the technology levels 
                required for full-rate production of the 
                System.
                    (C) A description of operational 
                suitability and soldier acceptability for the 
                production-representative model System.
    (b) Assessment Required.--Not later than 30 days after the 
submittal of the report required by subsection (a), the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an assessment of the matters 
described pursuant to subparagraphs (B) and (C) of subsection 
(a)(2).
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the funds authorized to 
be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made available for 
fiscal year 2021 for procurement of the Integrated Visual 
Augmentation System, not more than 75 percent may be obligated 
or expended until the date on which the Secretary submits to 
the congressional defense committees the report required by 
subsection (a).

SEC. 113. ASSESSMENT OF INVESTMENT AND SUSTAINMENT FOR PROCUREMENT OF 
                    CANNON TUBES.

    (a) Assessment Required.--The Secretary of the Army shall 
conduct an assessment of the development, production, 
procurement, and modernization of the defense industrial base 
for cannon and large caliber weapon tubes.
    (b) Submittal to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report setting 
forth the assessment conducted under subsection (a).

                       Subtitle C--Navy Programs

SEC. 121. LIMITATION ON ALTERATION OF THE NAVY FLEET MIX.

    (a) Limitation.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy may not 
        deviate from the large surface combatant requirements 
        included in the 2016 Navy Force Structure Assessment 
        until the date on which the Secretary submits to the 
        congressional defense committees the certification 
        under paragraph (2) and the report under subsection 
        (b).
            (2) Certification.--The certification referred to 
        in paragraph (1) is a certification, in writing, that 
        the Navy can mitigate the reduction in multi-mission 
        large surface combatant requirements, including anti-
        air and ballistic missile defense capabilities, due to 
        having a reduced number of DDG-51 Destroyers with the 
        advanced AN/SPY-6 radar in the next three decades.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that 
includes--
            (1) a description of likely detrimental impacts to 
        the large surface combatant industrial base, and a plan 
        to mitigate such impacts, if the fiscal year 2021 
        future-years defense program is implemented as 
        proposed;
            (2) a review of the benefits to the Navy fleet of 
        the new AN/SPY-6 radar to be deployed aboard Flight III 
        variant DDG-51 Destroyers, which are currently under 
        construction, as well as an analysis of impacts to the 
        warfighting capabilities of the fleet should the number 
        of such destroyers be reduced; and
            (3) a plan to fully implement section 131 of the 
        National Defense Authorization for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1237), including 
        subsystem prototyping efforts and funding by fiscal 
        year.

SEC. 122. LIMITATIONS ON NAVY MEDIUM AND LARGE UNMANNED SURFACE 
                    VESSELS.

    (a) Milestone B Approval Requirements.--Milestone B 
approval may not be granted for a covered program unless such 
program accomplishes prior to and incorporates into such 
approval--
            (1) qualification by the Senior Technical Authority 
        of--
                    (A) at least one representative main 
                propulsion system, including the fuel and lube 
                oil systems; and
                    (B) at least one representative electrical 
                generation and distribution system;
            (2) final results of test programs of engineering 
        development models or prototypes showing that critical 
        systems designated pursuant to subparagraph (C) of 
        section 8669b(c)(2) of title 10, United States Code, 
        are demonstrated as required by subparagraph (I) of 
        that section; and
            (3) a determination by the milestone decision 
        authority of the minimum number of vessels, discrete 
        test events, performance parameters to be tested, and 
        schedule required to complete initial operational test 
        and evaluation and demonstrate operational suitability 
        and operational effectiveness.
    (b) Qualification Requires Operational Demonstration.--The 
qualification required in subsection (a)(1) shall include a 
land-based operational demonstration of the systems concerned 
in the vessel-representative form, fit, and function for not 
less than 720 continuous hours without preventative 
maintenance, corrective maintenance, emergent repair, or any 
other form of repair or maintenance.
    (c) Use of Qualified Systems.--The Secretary of the Navy 
shall require that covered programs use only main propulsion 
systems and electrical generation and distribution systems that 
are qualified under subsection (a)(1).
    (d) Limitation on Contract Award or Funding.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may not award a 
        detail design or construction contract, or obligate 
        funds from a procurement account, for a covered program 
        until such program receives Milestone B approval and 
        the milestone decision authority notifies the 
        congressional defense committees, in writing, of the 
        actions taken to comply with the requirements under 
        this section.
            (2) Exception.--The limitation in paragraph (1) 
        does not apply to advanced procurement for government-
        furnished equipment.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Covered program.--The term ``covered program'' 
        means a program for--
                    (A) medium unmanned surface vessels; or
                    (B) large unmanned surface vessels.
            (2) Milestone b approval.--The term ``Milestone B 
        approval'' has the meaning given the term in section 
        2366(e)(7) of title 10, United States Code.
            (3) Milestone decision authority.--The term 
        ``milestone decision authority'' means the official 
        within the Department of Defense designated with the 
        overall responsibility and authority for acquisition 
        decisions for an acquisition program, including 
        authority to approve entry of the program into the next 
        phase of the acquisition process.
            (4) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior 
        Technical Authority'' has the meaning provided for in 
        section 8669b of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 123. FIGHTER FORCE STRUCTURE ACQUISITION STRATEGY.

    (a) Submittal of Strategy Required.--Not later than March 
1, 2021, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a strategy for the Navy for 
tactical fighter aircraft force structure acquisition that 
aligns with the stated capability and capacity requirements of 
the Department of the Navy to meet the National Defense 
Strategy.
    (b) Limitation on Deviation From Strategy.--The Secretary 
of the Navy may not deviate from the strategy submitted under 
subsection (a) until--
            (1) the Secretary of Defense, in consultation with 
        the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, approves the 
        deviation, in writing; and
            (2) the Secretary of Defense provides the 
        congressional defense committees the approval of the 
        deviation, together with a justification for the 
        deviation.

SEC. 124. PROCUREMENT AUTHORITIES FOR CERTAIN AMPHIBIOUS SHIPBUILDING 
                    PROGRAMS.

    (a) Contract Authority.--
            (1) Procurement authorized.--In fiscal year 2021, 
        the Secretary of the Navy may enter into one or more 
        contracts for the procurement of three San Antonio-
        class amphibious ships and one America-class amphibious 
        ship.
            (2) Procurement in conjunction with existing 
        contracts.--The ships authorized to be procured under 
        paragraph (1) may be procured as additions to existing 
        contracts covering such programs.
    (b) Certification Required.--A contract may not be entered 
into under subsection (a) unless the Secretary of the Navy 
certifies to the congressional defense committees, in writing, 
not later than 30 days before entry into the contract, each of 
the following, which shall be prepared by the milestone 
decision authority for such programs:
            (1) The use of such a contract is consistent with 
        the projected force structure requirements of the 
        Department of the Navy for amphibious ships.
            (2) The use of such a contract will result in 
        significant savings compared to the total anticipated 
        costs of carrying out the program through annual 
        contracts. In certifying cost savings under the 
        preceding sentence, the Secretary shall include a 
        written explanation of--
                    (A) the estimated end cost and appropriated 
                funds by fiscal year, by hull, without the 
                authority provided in subsection (a);
                    (B) the estimated end cost and appropriated 
                funds by fiscal year, by hull, with the 
                authority provided in subsection (a);
                    (C) the estimated cost savings or increase 
                by fiscal year, by hull, with the authority 
                provided in subsection (a);
                    (D) the discrete actions that will 
                accomplish such cost savings or avoidance; and
                    (E) the contractual actions that will 
                ensure the estimated cost savings are realized.
            (3) There is a reasonable expectation that 
        throughout the contemplated contract period the 
        Secretary will request funding for the contract at the 
        level required to avoid contract cancellation.
            (4) There is a stable design for the property to be 
        acquired and the technical risks associated with such 
        property are not excessive.
            (5) The estimates of both the cost of the contract 
        and the anticipated cost avoidance through the use of a 
        contract authorized under subsection (a) are realistic.
            (6) The use of such a contract will promote the 
        national security of the United States.
            (7) During the fiscal year in which such contract 
        is to be awarded, sufficient funds will be available to 
        perform the contract in such fiscal year, and the 
        future-years defense program (as defined under section 
        221 of title 10, United States Code) for such fiscal 
        year will include the funding required to execute the 
        program without cancellation.
    (c) Authority for Advance Procurement.--The Secretary of 
the Navy may enter into one or more contracts for advance 
procurement associated with a vessel or vessels for which 
authorization to enter into a contract is provided under 
subsection (a), and for systems and subsystems associated with 
such vessels in economic order quantities when cost savings are 
achievable.
    (d) Condition for Out-year Contract Payments.--A contract 
entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that any 
obligation of the United States to make a payment under the 
contract for a fiscal year is subject to the availability of 
appropriations for that purpose for such fiscal year.
    (e) Milestone Decision Authority Defined.--In this section. 
the term ``milestone decision authority'' has the meaning given 
the term in section 2366a(d) of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 125. LAND-BASED TEST PROGRAM FOR THE FFG(X) FRIGATE PROGRAM.

    (a) Test Program for Engineering Plant Required.--Prior to 
the delivery date of the lead ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class 
of vessels, the Secretary of the Navy shall commence a land-
based test program for the engineering plant of such class of 
vessels.
    (b) Administration.--The test program required by 
subsection (a) shall be administered by the Senior Technical 
Authority for the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels.
    (c) Elements.--The test program required by subsection (a) 
shall include, at a minimum, testing of the following equipment 
in vessel-representative form:
            (1) Main Reduction Gear.
            (2) Electrical Propulsion Motors.
            (3) Other propulsion drive train components.
            (4) Main propulsion system.
            (5) Auxiliary propulsion unit.
            (6) Electrical generation system,
            (7) Shipboard control systems.
            (8) Power control modules,
    (d) Test Objectives.--The test program required by 
subsection (a) shall include, at a minimum, the following test 
objectives demonstrated across the full range of engineering 
plant operations for the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels:
            (1) Test of the full propulsion drive train.
            (2) Test and facilitation of machinery control 
        systems integration.
            (3) Simulation of the full range of electrical 
        demands to enable the investigation of load dynamics 
        between the Hull, Mechanical and Electrical equipment, 
        Combat System, and auxiliary equipment.
    (e) Completion Date.--The Secretary shall complete the test 
program required by subsection (a) by not later than the date 
on which the lead ship in the FFG(X) Frigate class of vessels 
is scheduled to be available for tasking by operational 
military commanders.
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Delivery date.--The term ``delivery date'' has 
        the meaning provided for in section 8671 of title 10, 
        United States Code.
            (2) Senior technical authority.--The term ``Senior 
        Technical Authority'' has the meaning provided for in 
        section 8669b of title 10, United States Code.

SEC. 126. TREATMENT IN FUTURE BUDGETS OF THE PRESIDENT OF SYSTEMS ADDED 
                    BY CONGRESS.

    In the event the procurement quantity for a system 
authorized by Congress in a National Defense Authorization Act 
for a fiscal year, and for which funds for such procurement 
quantity are appropriated by Congress in the Shipbuilding and 
Conversion, Navy account for such fiscal year, exceeds the 
procurement quantity specified in the budget of the President, 
as submitted to Congress under section 1105 of title 31, United 
States Code, for such fiscal year, such excess procurement 
quantity shall not be specified as a new procurement quantity 
in any budget of the President, as so submitted, for any fiscal 
year after such fiscal year.

SEC. 127. EXTENSION OF PROHIBITION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR NAVY 
                    WATERBORNE SECURITY BARRIERS.

    Section 130(a) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
Stat. 1665), as amended by section 126 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 
Stat. 1235), is further amended by striking ``for fiscal year 
2019 or fiscal year 2020'' and inserting ``for fiscal years 
2019, 2020, or 2021''.

SEC. 128. REPORT ON STRATEGY TO USE ALQ-249 NEXT GENERATION JAMMER TO 
                    ENSURE FULL SPECTRUM ELECTROMAGNETIC SUPERIORITY.

    (a) Report.--Not later than July 30, 2021, the Secretary of 
the Navy, in consultation with the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs, shall submit to the congressional defense committees a 
report with a strategy to ensure full spectrum electromagnetic 
superiority using the ALQ-249 Next Generation Jammer.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include the following elements:
            (1) A description of the current procurement 
        strategy for the ALQ-249, and the analysis of its 
        capability to meet the radio frequency (RF) ranges 
        required in highly contested and denied environment 
        conflicts.
            (2) An assessment of the compatibility and ability 
        of the ALQ-249 to synchronize non-kinetic fires using 
        other Joint Electronic Warfare (EW) platforms.
            (3) A future model of an interlinked/interdependent 
        electronic warfare menu of options for commanders at 
        tactical, operational, and strategic levels.

                     Subtitle D--Air Force Programs

SEC. 131. MINIMUM OPERATIONAL SQUADRON LEVEL.

    (a) Policy on Air Force Aviation Force Structure.--As soon 
as practicable after the date of the enactment of this Act and 
subject to the availability of appropriations, the Secretary of 
the Air Force shall seek to achieve the capabilities provided 
by a minimum of 386 available operational squadrons, or 
equivalent organizational units. In addition, the Secretary 
shall seek to achieve not fewer than 3,580 combat coded 
aircraft within the Air Force.
    (b) Exception to Policy.--If, based on the fielding of new 
capabilities and formal force structure capability assessments 
supporting the most recent National Defense Strategy, the 
Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with the Chief of 
Staff of the Air Force and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff, makes a determination that a modification to the 
quantity of operational squadrons or combat-coded aircraft in 
subsection (a) is necessary, the Secretary shall submit a 
report at the earliest opportunity to the congressional defense 
committees describing the modifications of the revised force 
structure and how the quantity of combat coded aircraft and 
operational squadrons developed supports a moderate operational 
risk force structure in support of the National Defense 
Strategy.
    (c) Expiration of Policy.--The policy in subsection (a) 
shall expire on September 30, 2025.
    (d) Moderate Operational Risk Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``moderate operational risk'' shall be construed as 
defined in the most recent publication of the Chairman of the 
Joint Chiefs of Staff Manual 3105.01 titled ``Joint Risk 
Analysis''.

SEC. 132. MODIFICATION OF FORCE STRUCTURE OBJECTIVES FOR BOMBER 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Minimum Level for All Bomber Aircraft.--
            (1) In general.--During the period beginning on the 
        date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 
        1, 2025, the Secretary of the Air Force shall, except 
        as provided in paragraph (2), maintain not less than 92 
        bomber aircraft based on the Primary Mission Aircraft 
        Inventory (PMAI) of the Air Force.
            (2) Exception.--The Secretary may reduce the number 
        of aircraft required by the Primary Mission Aircraft 
        Inventory below the number specified in paragraph (1) 
        if the Secretary determines, on a case-by-case basis, 
        that a bomber aircraft is no longer to be so required 
        because such aircraft is no longer mission capable due 
        to mishap or other damage, or being uneconomical to 
        repair.
    (b) Repeal of Minimum B-1 Inventory Requirement.--Section 
9062 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by striking 
subsection (h).
    (c) Preservation of Certain B-1 Aircraft and Maintenance 
Personnel.--Until the date on which the Secretary determines 
that the B-21 bomber aircraft has attained initial operating 
capability, the Secretary--
            (1) shall preserve four B-1 aircraft that are 
        retired pursuant to subsection (a), in a manner that 
        ensures the components and parts of each such aircraft 
        are maintained in reclaimable condition that is 
        consistent with type 2000 recallable storage, or 
        better; and
            (2) may not reduce the number of billets assigned 
        to maintenance of B-1 aircraft in effect on January 1, 
        2020.

SEC. 133. MINIMUM BOMBER AIRCRAFT FORCE LEVEL.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report with recommendations for the bomber 
aircraft force structure that enables the Air Force to meet the 
requirements of its long-range strike mission under the 
National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include each of the following elements:
            (1) The bomber force structure necessary to meet 
        the requirements of the long-range strike mission of 
        the Air Force under the National Defense Strategy, 
        including--
                    (A) the total minimum number of bomber 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) the minimum number of primary mission 
                aircraft.
            (2) The penetrating bomber force structure 
        necessary to meet the requirements of the long-range 
        strike mission of the Air Force in contested or denied 
        environments under the National Defense Strategy, 
        including--
                    (A) the total minimum number of penetrating 
                bomber aircraft; and
                    (B) the minimum number of primary mission 
                penetrating bomber aircraft.
            (3) A roadmap outlining how the Air Force plans to 
        reach the force structure identified under paragraphs 
        (1) and (2), including an established goal date for 
        achieving the minimum number of bomber aircraft.
    (c) Form.--The report under subsection (a) shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified 
annex.
    (d) Publication.--The Secretary shall make available to the 
public the unclassified form of the report submitted under 
subsection (a).
    (e) Bomber Aircraft Defined.--In this section, the term 
``bomber aircraft'' includes penetrating bombers in addition to 
B-52H aircraft.

SEC. 134. REQUIRED MINIMUM INVENTORY OF TACTICAL AIRLIFT AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force shall 
maintain--
            (1) a total primary mission aircraft inventory of 
        230 aircraft; and
            (2) a total tactical airlift aircraft inventory of 
        not less than 287 aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The Secretary of the Air Force may reduce 
the number of C-130 aircraft in the Air Force below the minimum 
number specified in subsection (a) if the Secretary of the Air 
Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, that an aircraft is 
no longer mission capable because of a mishap or other damage.
    (c) Savings Clause.--During fiscal year 2021, the Secretary 
of the Air Force is prohibited from reducing the total tactical 
airlift aircraft inventory entirely from the National Guard.
    (d) Sunset.--This section shall not apply after October 1, 
2021.

SEC. 135. INVENTORY REQUIREMENTS FOR AIR REFUELING TANKER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--During the period beginning on the date of 
the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 2025, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain not less than 412 
tanker aircraft based on Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory 
(PMAI) of the Air Force.
    (b) Minimum Inventory Requirements for KC-10A Aircraft.--
Except as provided in subsection (e)(1):
            (1) Fiscal year 2021.--During the period beginning 
        on the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on 
        October 1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
        maintain a minimum of 50 KC-10A aircraft designated as 
        primary mission aircraft inventory.
            (2) Fiscal year 2022.--During the period beginning 
        on October 1, 2021, and ending on October 1, 2022, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 
        38 KC-10A aircraft designated as primary mission 
        aircraft inventory.
            (3) Fiscal year 2023.--During the period beginning 
        on October 1, 2022, and ending on October 1, 2023, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall maintain a minimum of 
        26 KC-10A aircraft designated as primary mission 
        aircraft inventory.
    (c) Prohibition on Retirement of KC-135 Aircraft.--Except 
as provided in subsection (e), during the period beginning on 
the date of the enactment of this Act and ending on October 1, 
2023, the Secretary of the Air Force may not retire, or prepare 
to retire, any KC-135 aircraft.
    (d) KC-135 Aircraft Fleet Management.--None of the funds 
authorized to be appropriated by this Act or otherwise made 
available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force may be 
obligated or expended to reduce the number of KC-135 aircraft 
designated as primary mission aircraft inventory.
    (e) Exceptions.--
            (1) KC-10A aircraft.--The requirement in subsection 
        (b) shall not apply to an aircraft otherwise required 
        to be maintained by that subsection if the the 
        Secretary of the Air Force determines, on a case-by-
        case basis, that such aircraft is no longer mission 
        capable due to mishap or other damage, or being 
        uneconomical to repair.
            (2) KC-135 aircraft.--The requirement in subsection 
        (c) shall not apply to an aircraft otherwise required 
        to be maintained by that subsection if the Secretary of 
        the Air Force--
                    (A) at any time during the period beginning 
                on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
                ending on October 1, 2023, determines, on a 
                case-by-case basis, that such aircraft is no 
                longer mission capable due to mishap or other 
                damage, or being uneconomical to repair; or
                    (B) during fiscal year 2023, certifies in 
                writing to the congressional defense 
                committees, not later than 30 days before the 
                date of divestment of such aircraft, that the 
                Air Force can meet combatant command tanker 
                aircraft requirements by leveraging Air 
                National Guard and Air Force Reserve capacity 
                with increased Military Personnel Appropriation 
                (MPA) Man-day Tours to the reserve force.
    (f) Primary Mission Aircraft Inventory Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``primary mission aircraft inventory'' has 
the meaning given that term in section 9062(i)(2)(B) of title 
10, United States Code.

SEC. 136. AUTHORITY TO USE F-35A FIGHTER AIRCRAFT AT-1 THROUGH AT-6.

    (a) In General.--Subject to written approval by the 
Secretary of Defense to the Secretary of the Air Force, the 
Secretary of the Air Force is authorized to utilize, modify, 
and operate the six F-35A aircraft designated as AT-1 through 
AT-6 that are possessed by the United Government and currently 
reside in long-term storage at Edwards Air Force Base, 
California.
    (b) Notice on Approval.--Not later than 15 days after the 
Secretary of Defense provides written approval to the Secretary 
of the Air Force as described in subsection (a), the Secretary 
of Defense shall provide a copy of the written approval to the 
congressional defense committees.

SEC. 137. F-35 AIRCRAFT GUN SYSTEM AMMUNITION.

    The Director of the F-35 Joint Program Office shall, in 
consultation with the Secretary of the Air Force, take 
appropriate actions to ensure that any 25mm ammunition fielded 
for use by F-35A aircraft--
            (1) provides effective full-spectrum target 
        engagement capability; and
            (2) meets the required operational employment 
        probability of kill specifications for the F-35A 
        aircraft.

SEC. 138. EXTENSION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                    RETIREMENT OF RC-135 AIRCRAFT.

    Section 148(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1243) is 
amended by inserting ``, or for fiscal year 2021,'' after ``for 
fiscal year 2020''.

SEC. 139. MODIFICATION TO LIMITATION ON RETIREMENT OF U-2 AND RQ-4 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    Section 136 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 Stat. 1317) is amended 
by striking subsection (b) and inserting the following new 
subsection (b):
    ``(b) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive a 
certification requirement under paragraphs (1) or (2) of 
subsection (a) with respect to U-2 aircraft or RQ-4 aircraft if 
the Secretary--
            ``(1) with respect to the requirement under 
        paragraph (1) of that subsection--
                    ``(A) determines, after analyzing 
                sufficient and relevant data, that a greater 
                capability is worth increased operating and 
                sustainment costs; and
                    ``(B) provides to the appropriate 
                committees of Congress a certification on such 
                determination and supporting analysis; and
            ``(2) with respect to the requirement under 
        paragraph (2) of that subsection--
                    ``(A) determines, after analyzing 
                sufficient and relevant data, that a loss in 
                capacity and capability will not prevent the 
                combatant commands from accomplishing their 
                missions at acceptable levels of risk; and
                    ``(B) provides to the appropriate 
                committees of Congress a certification of such 
                determination and supporting analysis.''.

SEC. 140. MODIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS FOR 
                    RETIREMENT OF E-8 JSTARS AIRCRAFT.

    Section 147 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
Stat. 1669) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by striking ``certifies to 
        the congressional defense committees that Increment 2 
        of the Advanced Battle-Management System of the Air 
        Force has declared initial operational capability as 
        defined in the Capability Development Document for the 
        System'' and inserting ``certifies to the congressional 
        defense committees that--
            ``(1) the Secretary has identified--
                    ``(A) a capability with sufficient capacity 
                to replace the current fleet of 16 E-8 Joint 
                Surveillance Target Attack Radar System 
                aircraft in a manner that meets global 
                combatant command requirements; and
                    ``(B) potential global basing locations for 
                such capability; and
            ``(2) such replacement capability delivers 
        capabilities that are comparable or superior to the 
        capabilities delivered by such aircraft.''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``Increment 1, 2, and 3''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (4), by striking ``until 
                Increment 2 of the Advanced Battle-Management 
                System declares initial operational 
                capability'' and inserting ``until the Advanced 
                Battle Management System delivers equivalent 
                capability''.

SEC. 141. LIMITATION ON DIVESTMENT OF F-15C AIRCRAFT WITHIN THE 
                    EUROPEAN THEATER.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Air Force may not 
divest any F-15C aircraft within the area of responsibility of 
the United States European Command until 180 days after the 
report required by subsection (b) is submitted to the 
congressional defense committees.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the 
        Commander of the United States European Command shall, 
        in consultation with the Commander of United States Air 
        Forces Europe, submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that describes the strategy, force 
        structure construct and capacity, and strategy 
        implementation plan to replace the capability and 
        capacity provided by the F-15C aircraft in the area of 
        responsibility of the United States European Command in 
        a manner that maintains an inherent and equal or better 
        air superiority capability and capacity to that 
        provided by the F-15C aircraft in that area of 
        responsibility.
            (2) Form.--The report under paragraph (1) shall 
        submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
        classified annex.

SEC. 142. MODERNIZATION PLAN FOR AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, 
                    AND RECONNAISSANCE.

    (a) Modernization Plan.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Air Force 
        shall develop a comprehensive plan for the 
        modernization of airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
        and reconnaissance, which shall--
                    (A) ensure the alignment between 
                requirements, both current and future, and Air 
                Force budget submissions to meet such 
                requirements; and
                    (B) inform the preparation of future 
                defense program and budget requests by the 
                Secretary, and the consideration of such 
                requests by Congress.
            (2) Elements.--The plan required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) An assessment of all airborne 
                intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
                missions, both current missions and future 
                missions anticipated to be necessary to support 
                the national defense strategy.
                    (B) An analysis of platforms, capabilities, 
                and capacities necessary to fulfill such 
                current and future missions.
                    (C) The anticipated life-cycle budget 
                associated with each platform, capability, and 
                capacity requirement for both current and 
                anticipated future requirements.
                    (D) An analysis showing operational, 
                budget, and schedule trade-offs between 
                sustainment of currently fielded capabilities, 
                modernization of currently fielded 
                capabilities, and development and production of 
                new capabilities.
    (b) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than March 30, 2021, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) the comprehensive modernization plan 
                required by subsection (a); and
                    (B) a strategy for carrying out such plan 
                through fiscal year 2030.
            (2) Form.--The report required under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex.

SEC. 143. RC-26B MANNED INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE 
                    AIRCRAFT.

    (a) Limitation.--Except as provided in subsection (b), none 
of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act or 
otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the Air Force 
may be obligated or expended to retire, divest, realign, or 
place in storage or on backup aircraft inventory status, or 
prepare to retire, divest, realign, or place in storage or on 
backup aircraft inventory status, any RC-26B aircraft.
    (b) Exception.--The limitation in subsection (a) shall not 
apply to individual RC-26B aircraft that the Secretary of the 
Air Force determines, on a case-by-case basis, to be no longer 
mission capable because of mishap or other damage.
    (c) Funding for Aircraft Platform.--
            (1) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
        fiscal year 2021 by section 301 for operation and 
        maintenance and available for operation and 
        maintenance, Air National Guard, as specified in the 
        funding table in section 4301, the Secretary of the Air 
        Force may transfer up to $18,500,000 to be used in 
        support of the RC-26B manned intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.
            (2) Of the amount authorized to be appropriated for 
        fiscal year 2021 by section 421 and available for 
        military personnel for military personnel, Air National 
        Guard, specified in the funding table in section 4401, 
        the Secretary of the Air Force may transfer up to 
        $13,000,000 to be used in support of personnel who 
        operate and maintain the RC-26B manned intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance platform.
    (d) Memoranda of Agreement.--Notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, the Secretary of Defense may enter into one 
or more memoranda of agreement or cost sharing agreements with 
other departments and agencies of the Federal Government under 
which the RC-26B aircraft may be used to assist with the 
missions and activities of such departments and agencies.

SEC. 144. PROHIBITION ON FUNDING FOR CLOSE AIR SUPPORT INTEGRATION 
                    GROUP.

    No funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act may be 
obligated or expended for the Close Air Support Integration 
Group (CIG) or its subordinate units at Nellis Air Force Base, 
Nevada, and the Air Force may not utilize personnel or 
equipment in support of the CIG or its subordinate units.

SEC. 145. REQUIRED SOLUTION FOR KC-46 AIRCRAFT REMOTE VISUAL SYSTEM 
                    LIMITATIONS.

    The Secretary of the Air Force shall develop and implement 
a complete, permanent solution to the KC-46 aircraft remote 
visual system (RVS) operational limitations. Not later than 
February 1, 2021, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees an implementation strategy for 
the solution.

SEC. 146. ANALYSIS OF MOVING TARGET INDICATOR REQUIREMENTS AND ADVANCED 
                    BATTLE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Analysis.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Secretary 
of the Air Force, in consultation with the commanders of the 
combatant commands, shall develop an analysis of current and 
future moving target indicator requirements across the 
combatant commands and operational and tactical level command 
and control capabilities the Advanced Battle Management System 
(ABMS) will require when fielded.
    (b) JROC Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        Secretary of the Air Force develops the analysis under 
        subsection (a), the Joint Requirements Oversight 
        Council (JROC) shall certify that requirements for the 
        Advanced Battle Management System incorporate the 
        findings of the analysis.
            (2) Congressional notification.--The Joint 
        Requirements Oversight Council shall notify the 
        congressional defense committees upon making the 
        certification required under paragraph (1), and provide 
        a briefing on the requirements and findings described 
        in such paragraph not later than 30 days after such 
        notification.

SEC. 147. STUDY ON MEASURES TO ASSESS COST-PER-EFFECT FOR KEY MISSION 
                    AREAS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than January 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of the Air Force shall provide for the performance of 
an independent study designed to devise new measures to assess 
cost-per-effect for key mission areas of the Air Force. The 
study shall be conducted by a Federally funded research and 
development center selected by the Secretary for purposes of 
the study.
    (b) Scope.--The study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) 
shall address the following matters:
            (1) Number of weapon systems required to meet a 
        specified mission goal.
            (2) Number of personnel required to meet a 
        specified mission goal.
            (3) Associated operation and maintenance costs 
        necessary to facilitate respective operational 
        constructs.
            (4) Basing requirements for respective force 
        constructs.
            (5) Mission support elements required to facilitate 
        specified operations.
            (6) Defensive measures required to facilitate 
        viable mission operations.
            (7) Attrition due to enemy countermeasures and 
        other loss factors associated with respective 
        technologies.
            (8) Associated weapon effects costs compared to 
        alternative forms of power projection.
    (c) Implementation of Measures.--The Secretary shall, as 
the Secretary considers appropriate, incorporate the findings 
of the study conducted pursuant to subsection (a) into the 
future force development processes of the Air Force. The 
measures--
            (1) should be domain and platform agnostic;
            (2) should focus on how best to achieve mission 
        goals in future operations; and
            (3) shall consider including cost-per-effect 
        metrics as a key performance parameter for any Air 
        Force acquisition programs that enter the Joint 
        Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) 
        requirements process of the Department of Defense.

       Subtitle E--Defense-wide, Joint, and Multiservice Matters

SEC. 151. BUDGETING FOR LIFE-CYCLE COSTS OF AIRCRAFT FOR THE ARMY, 
                    NAVY, AND AIR FORCE.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 9 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 231 the following new 
section:

``Sec. 231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, 
                    Navy, and Air Force: annual plan and certification

    ``(a) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan and Certification.--
Not later than 30 days after the date on which the President 
submits to Congress the budget for a fiscal year, the Secretary 
of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense committees 
the following:
            ``(1) A plan for the procurement of the aircraft 
        specified in subsection (b) for each of the Department 
        of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and the 
        Department of the Air Force developed in accordance 
        with this section.
            ``(2) A certification by the Secretary that both 
        the budget for such fiscal year and the future-years 
        defense program submitted to Congress in relation to 
        such budget under section 221 of this title provide for 
        funding of the procurement of aircraft at a level that 
        is sufficient for the procurement of the aircraft 
        provided for in the plan under paragraph (1) on the 
        schedule provided in the plan.
    ``(b) Covered Aircraft.--The aircraft specified in this 
subsection are the aircraft as follows:
            ``(1) Fighter aircraft.
            ``(2) Attack aircraft.
            ``(3) Bomber aircraft.
            ``(4) Intertheater lift aircraft.
            ``(5) Intratheater lift aircraft.
            ``(6) Intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance aircraft.
            ``(7) Tanker aircraft.
            ``(8) Remotely piloted aircraft.
            ``(9) Rotary-wing aircraft.
            ``(10) Operational support and executive lift 
        aircraft.
            ``(11) Any other major support aircraft designated 
        by the Secretary of Defense for purposes of this 
        section.
    ``(c) Annual Aircraft Procurement Plan.--(1) The annual 
aircraft procurement plan developed for a fiscal year for 
purposes of subsection (a) should be designed so that the 
aviation force provided for under the plan is capable of 
supporting the national military strategy of the United States 
as set forth in the most recent National Defense Strategy 
submitted under section 113(g) of this title and the most 
recent National Military Strategy submitted under section 
153(b) of this title.
    ``(2) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall include 
the following:
            ``(A) A detailed program for the procurement of the 
        aircraft specified in subsection (b) for each of the 
        Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and 
        the Department of the Air Force over the next 15 fiscal 
        years.
            ``(B) A description of the aviation force structure 
        necessary to meet the requirements of the national 
        military strategy of the United States.
            ``(C) The estimated levels of annual investment 
        funding necessary to carry out each aircraft program, 
        together with a discussion of the procurement 
        strategies on which such estimated levels of annual 
        investment funding are based, set forth in aggregate 
        for the Department of Defense and in aggregate for each 
        military department.
            ``(D) The estimated level of annual funding 
        necessary to operate, maintain, sustain, and support 
        each aircraft program throughout the life-cycle of the 
        program, set forth in aggregate for the Department of 
        Defense and in aggregate for each military department.
            ``(E) For each of the cost estimates required by 
        subparagraphs (C) and (D)--
                    ``(i) a description of whether the cost 
                estimate is derived from the cost estimate 
                position of the military department concerned 
                or from the cost estimate position of the 
                Office of Cost Assessment and Program 
                Evaluation;
                    ``(ii) if the cost estimate position of the 
                military department and the cost estimate 
                position of the Office of Cost Assessment and 
                Program Evaluation differ by more than 5 
                percent for any aircraft program, an annotated 
                cost estimate difference and sufficient 
                rationale to explain the difference;
                    ``(iii) the confidence or certainty level 
                associated with the cost estimate for each 
                aircraft program; and
                    ``(iv) a certification that the 
                calculations from which the cost estimate is 
                derived are based on common cost categories 
                used by the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment for calculating the 
                life-cycle cost of an aircraft program.
            ``(F) An assessment by the Secretary of Defense of 
        the extent to which the combined aircraft forces of the 
        Department of the Army, the Department of the Navy, and 
        the Department of the Air Force meet the national 
        security requirements of the United States.
    ``(3) For any cost estimate required by subparagraph (C) or 
(D) of paragraph (2) for any aircraft program for which the 
Secretary is required to include in a report under section 2432 
of this title, the source of the cost information used to 
prepare the annual aircraft plan shall be derived from the 
Selected Acquisition Report data that the Secretary plans to 
submit to the congressional defense committees in accordance 
with subsection (f) of that section for the year for which the 
annual aircraft procurement plan is prepared.
    ``(4) Each annual aircraft procurement plan shall be 
submitted in unclassified form, and shall contain a classified 
annex. A summary version of the unclassified report shall be 
made available to the public.
    ``(d) Assessment When Aircraft Procurement Budget Is 
Insufficient to Meet Applicable Requirements.--If the budget 
for any fiscal year provides for funding of the procurement of 
aircraft for the Department of the Army, the Department of the 
Navy, or the Department of the Air Force at a level that is not 
sufficient to sustain the aviation force structure specified in 
the aircraft procurement plan for such Department for that 
fiscal year under subsection (a), the Secretary shall include 
with the defense budget materials for that fiscal year an 
assessment that describes the funding shortfall and discusses 
the risks associated with the reduced force structure of 
aircraft that will result from funding aircraft procurement at 
such level. The assessment shall be coordinated in advance with 
the commanders of the combatant commands.
    ``(e) Annual Report on Aircraft Inventory.--(1) As part of 
the annual plan and certification required to be submitted 
under this section, the Secretary shall include a report on the 
aircraft in the inventory of the Department of Defense.
    ``(2) Each report under paragraph (1) shall include the 
following, for the year covered by such report, the following:
            ``(A) The total number of aircraft in the 
        inventory.
            ``(B) The total number of the aircraft in the 
        inventory that are active, stated in the following 
        categories (with appropriate subcategories for mission 
        aircraft, training aircraft, dedicated test aircraft, 
        and other aircraft):
                    ``(i) Primary aircraft.
                    ``(ii) Backup aircraft.
                    ``(iii) Attrition and reconstitution 
                reserve aircraft.
            ``(C) The total number of the aircraft in the 
        inventory that are inactive, stated in the following 
        categories:
                    ``(i) Bailment aircraft.
                    ``(ii) Drone aircraft.
                    ``(iii) Aircraft for sale or other transfer 
                to foreign governments.
                    ``(iv) Leased or loaned aircraft.
                    ``(v) Aircraft for maintenance training.
                    ``(vi) Aircraft for reclamation.
                    ``(vii) Aircraft in storage.
            ``(D) The aircraft inventory requirements approved 
        by the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    ``(3) Each report under paragraph (1) shall set forth each 
item specified in paragraph (2) separately for the regular 
component of each armed force and for each reserve component of 
each armed force and, for each such component, shall set forth 
each type, model, and series of aircraft provided for in the 
future-years defense program that covers the fiscal year for 
which the budget accompanying the plan, certification and 
report is submitted.
    ``(f) Budget Defined.--In this section, the term `budget' 
means the budget of the President for a fiscal year as 
submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 9 of such title is amended by inserting 
after the item relating to section 231 the following new item:

``231a. Budgeting for life-cycle costs of aircraft for the Army, Navy, 
          and Air Force: annual plan and certification.''.

SEC. 152. TRANSFER OF RESPONSIBILITIES AND FUNCTIONS RELATING TO 
                    ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM OPERATIONS.

    (a) Transfer.--Not later than two years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act and in accordance with the plan 
developed pursuant to subsection (b), the Secretary of Defense 
shall transfer to an appropriate entity within the Department 
of Defense all the responsibilities and functions of the 
Commander of the United States Strategic Command that are 
germane to electromagnetic spectrum operations (EMSO), 
including--
            (1) advocacy for joint electronic warfare 
        capabilities;
            (2) providing contingency electronic warfare 
        support to other combatant commands; and
            (3) supporting combatant command joint training and 
        planning related to electromagnetic spectrum 
        operations.
    (b) Plan for Transfer of Responsibilities.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days before the 
        date of the transfer of responsibilities required by 
        subsection (a), the Secretary shall develop a plan to 
        carry out the transfer.
            (2) Considerations.--In developing the plan 
        required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall consider 
        the following:
                    (A) All appropriate entities having 
                potential for designation as the receiving 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                organization, including elements of the Joint 
                Staff, the functional and geographic combatant 
                commands, Department of Defense offices and 
                agencies, and other organizations, including 
                the establishment of a new entity for that 
                purpose within any such entity.
                    (B) Whether the receiving electromagnetic 
                spectrum operations organization should have a 
                unitary structure or hybrid structure (in which 
                operational and capability development and 
                direction are headed by separate 
                organizations).
                    (C) The resources required by the receiving 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                organization to fulfill the responsibilities 
                and functions specified in subsection (a).
                    (D) The results of the evaluations carried 
                out pursuant to subsections (c) and (d).
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 180 days 
        before the date of the transfer of responsibilities 
        required by subsection (a), the Secretary shall submit 
        to Congress the following:
                    (A) The plan developed under paragraph (1).
                    (B) The construct and elements of the 
                receiving electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                organization under the plan, including the 
                allocation of responsibilities among senior 
                officials in such organization.
                    (C) The analysis conducted to determine the 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                organization, including the input in the plan 
                or analysis of the results of consultation with 
                any independent entities involved in 
                development of the plan.
                    (D) The resources required to implement the 
                plan, and a timeline for the receiving 
                electromagnetic spectrum operations 
                organization to reach initial operational 
                capability and full operational capability.
    (c) Evaluations of Armed Forces.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
        and annually thereafter through 2025, the Chief of 
        Staff of the Army, the Chief of Naval Operations, the 
        Chief of Staff of the Air Force, the Commandant of the 
        Marine Corps, and the Chief of Space Operations shall 
        each carry out an evaluation of the ability of the 
        Armed Force concerned to perform electromagnetic 
        spectrum operations missions required by each of the 
        following:
                    (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum 
                Superiority Strategy.
                    (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of 
                operations for electromagnetic spectrum 
                operations.
                    (C) The operations and contingency plans of 
                the combatant commands.
            (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) 
        shall include assessment of the following:
                    (A) Current programs of record, including--
                            (i) the ability of weapon systems 
                        to perform missions in contested 
                        electromagnetic spectrum environments; 
                        and
                            (ii) the ability of electronic 
                        warfare capabilities to disrupt 
                        adversary operations.
                    (B) Future programs of record, including--
                            (i) the need for distributed or 
                        network-centric electronic warfare and 
                        signals intelligence capabilities; and
                            (ii) the need for automated and 
                        machine learning- or artificial 
                        intelligence-assisted electronic 
                        warfare capabilities.
                    (C) Order of battle.
                    (D) Individual and unit training.
                    (E) Tactics, techniques, and procedures, 
                including--
                            (i) maneuver, distribution of 
                        assets, and the use of decoys; and
                            (ii) integration of nonkinetic and 
                        kinetic fires.
    (d) Evaluations of Combatant Commands.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
        and annually thereafter through 2025, the Commander of 
        the United States European Command, the Commander of 
        the United States Pacific Command, and the Commander of 
        the United States Central Command shall each carry out 
        an evaluation of the plans and posture of the command 
        concerned to execute the electromagnetic spectrum 
        operations envisioned in each of the following:
                    (A) The Electromagnetic Spectrum 
                Superiority Strategy.
                    (B) The Joint Staff-developed concept of 
                operations for electromagnetic spectrum 
                operations.
            (2) Elements.--Each evaluation under paragraph (1) 
        shall include assessment of the following:
                    (A) Operation and contingency plans.
                    (B) The manning, organizational alignment, 
                and capability of joint electromagnetic 
                spectrum operations cells.
                    (C) Mission rehearsal and exercises.
                    (D) Force positioning, posture, and 
                readiness.
    (e) Semiannual Briefing.--Not less frequently than twice 
each year until January 1, 2026, the Vice Chairman of the Joint 
Chiefs of Staff shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and the House of Representatives on the 
implementation of this section by each of the Joint Staff, the 
Armed Forces, and the combatant commands.

SEC. 153. CRYPTOGRAPHIC MODERNIZATION SCHEDULES.

    (a) Cryptographic Modernization Schedules Required.--Each 
of the Secretaries of the military departments and the heads of 
relevant Defense Agencies and Department of Defense Field 
Activities shall establish and maintain a cryptographic 
modernization schedule that specifies, for each pertinent 
weapon system, command and control system, or data link under 
the jurisdiction of such Secretary or head, including those 
that use commercial encryption technologies (as relevant), the 
following:
            (1) The last year of use for applicable 
        cryptographic algorithms.
            (2) Anticipated key extension requests for systems 
        where cryptographic modernization is assessed to be 
        overly burdensome and expensive or to provide limited 
        operational utility.
            (3) The funding and deployment schedule for 
        modernized cryptographic algorithms, keys, and 
        equipment over the future-years defense program 
        submitted to Congress pursuant to section 221 of title 
        10, United States Code, in 2021 together with the 
        budget of the President for fiscal year 2022.
    (b) Requirements for Chief Information Officer.--The Chief 
Information Officer of the Department of Defense shall--
            (1) oversee the construction and implementation of 
        the cryptographic modernization schedules required by 
        subsection (a);
            (2) establish and maintain an integrated 
        cryptographic modernization schedule for the entire 
        Department of Defense, collating the cryptographic 
        modernization schedules required under subsection (a); 
        and
            (3) in coordination with the Director of the 
        National Security Agency and the Joint Staff Director 
        for Command, Control, Communications, and Computers/
        Cyber, use the budget certification, standard-setting, 
        and policy-making authorities provided in section 142 
        of title 10, United States Code, to amend Armed Force 
        and Defense Agency and Field Activity plans for key 
        extension requests and cryptographic modernization 
        funding and deployment that pose unacceptable risk to 
        military operations.
    (c) Annual Notices.--Not later than January 1, 2022, and 
not less frequently than once each year thereafter until 
January 1, 2026, the Chief Information Officer and the Joint 
Staff Director shall jointly submit to the congressional 
defense committees notification of all--
            (1) delays to or planned delays of Armed Force and 
        Defense Agency and Field Activity funding and 
        deployment of modernized cryptographic algorithms, 
        keys, and equipment over the previous year; and
            (2) changes in plans or schedules surrounding key 
        extension requests and waivers, including--
                    (A) unscheduled or unanticipated key 
                extension requests; and
                    (B) unscheduled or unanticipated waivers 
                and nonwaivers of scheduled or anticipated key 
                extension requests.

SEC. 154. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PARTICIPATION IN THE SPECIAL FEDERAL 
                    AVIATION REGULATION WORKING GROUP.

    (a) Designation of DoD Representatives.--The Secretary of 
Defense shall designate the Department of Defense 
representatives to the Special Federal Aviation Regulation 
Working Group.
    (b) Limitation on Availability of Funds for OSD.--Of the 
aggregate amount authorized to be appropriated by this Act for 
fiscal year 2021 and available for the Office of the Secretary 
of Defense, not more than 75 percent may be obligated or 
expended until the later of the following:
            (1) The date on which Secretary certifies, in 
        writing, to the appropriate committees of Congress that 
        the Department representatives to the Special Federal 
        Aviation Regulation Working Group have been designated 
        as required by subsection (a).
            (2) The date on which the Special Federal Aviation 
        Regulation Working Group submits to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress initial recommendations 
        developed pursuant to subsection (b)(4) of section 1748 
        of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1847).
    (c) Report on Findings and Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the 
        Special Federal Aviation Regulation Working Group shall 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report setting forth the findings and recommendations 
        of the Working Group as developed pursuant to 
        subsection (b) of section 1748 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (2) Conforming amendments.--Section 1748 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (d); and
                    (B) in subsection (e), by striking 
                ``subsection (d)'' and inserting ``section 
                154(c)(1) of the William M. (Mac) Thornberry 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2021''.
    (d) Certification in Connection With Contracts With Foreign 
Companies for Aviation Services Overseas.--
            (1) In general.--Subject to paragraph (2), the 
        Department of Defense may not enter into a contract 
        with a foreign company as contracted aviation support 
        to provide aviation services in an overseas area unless 
        the Secretary certifies, in writing, to the appropriate 
        committees of Congress each of the following:
                    (A) That the use of foreign companies to 
                provide such services in overseas areas is 
                required for the national security of the 
                United States.
                    (B) That the Department has exhausted all 
                available authorities to use United States 
                companies to provide such services in overseas 
                areas.
            (2) Sunset.--The requirement in paragraph (1) shall 
        expire on the later of--
                    (A) the date on which the Special Federal 
                Aviation Regulation Working Group submits to 
                the appropriate committees of Congress the 
                report required by subsection (c)(1); and
                    (B) the date on which the Secretary fully 
                implements the recommendations contained in 
                that report.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
                Transportation of the Senate; and
                    (B) the Committee on Armed Services and the 
                Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure 
                of the House of Representatives.
            (2) The term ``Special Federal Aviation Regulation 
        Working Group'' means the working group established 
        pursuant to section 1748 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.

SEC. 155. INTEGRATED AIR AND MISSILE DEFENSE ASSESSMENT.

    (a) Certification on Directive of IAMD Responsibilities and 
Authorities.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in 
coordination with the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and 
the Secretaries of the military departments, certify that 
Department of Defense Directive 5100.01 is current and accurate 
with respect to integrated air and missile defense (IAMD) 
responsibilities and authorities in support of joint and 
combined land, sea, air, space and special forces operations, 
and in obtaining and maintaining air superiority or supremacy 
as required.
    (b) IAMD Assessment by Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of 
Staff.--
            (1) In general.--The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs 
        of Staff shall, in coordination with the Secretaries of 
        the military departments and the Director of the 
        Missile Defense Agency, conduct a comprehensive 
        classified assessment of threats to, and capabilities 
        and capacities of, current and planned integrated air 
        and missile defense technologies and force structure to 
        meet the requirements of the combatant commands in 
        support of the National Defense Strategy.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment required by paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Characterization and analysis of 
                current and emerging threats, including the 
                following:
                            (i) Cruise, hypersonic, and 
                        ballistic missiles.
                            (ii) Unmanned aerial systems.
                            (iii) Rockets and other indirect 
                        fire.
                            (iv) Specific and meaningfully 
                        varied examples within each of clauses 
                        (i) through (iii).
                    (B) Analysis of current and planned 
                integrated air and missile defense capabilities 
                to counter the threats characterized and 
                analyzed under subparagraph (A), including the 
                following:
                            (i) Projected timelines for 
                        development, procurement, and fielding 
                        of needed capabilities to defend 
                        against current and anticipated 
                        threats, based on intelligence 
                        assessments of such threats.
                            (ii) Projected capability and 
                        capacity gaps in addressing the threats 
                        characterized and assessed under 
                        subparagraph (A), including a 
                        delineation of unfulfilled integrated 
                        air and missile defense requirements by 
                        combatant command.
                            (iii) Risk assessment of projected 
                        capability and capacity gaps addressing 
                        integrated air and missile defense 
                        requirements of the combatant commands 
                        and the National Defense Strategy.
                            (iv) Opportunities for acceleration 
                        or need for incorporation of interim 
                        capabilities to address current and 
                        projected gaps.
                            (v) Opportunities to leverage 
                        allied contributions for integrated air 
                        and missile defense capabilities and 
                        capacities to meet requirements of the 
                        combatant commands.
                    (C) Assessment of the integrated air and 
                missile defense command, control, and 
                intelligence systems and architecture, 
                including the following:
                            (i) A description of the integrated 
                        air and missile defense architecture, 
                        and the component counter unmanned 
                        aerial system (C-UAS) sub-architecture 
                        of such architecture.
                            (ii) Identification of the critical 
                        command and control (C2) systems.
                            (iii) Integration or 
                        interoperability of the command and 
                        control systems.
                            (iv) Integration, interoperability, 
                        or compatibility of the command and 
                        control systems with planned Joint All 
                        Domain Command and Control (JADC2) 
                        architecture.
            (3) Characterization.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the 
                assessment required by paragraph (1), the 
                Chairman shall clearly, on a technical and 
                operational basis, distinguish between 
                distinctly different threats in the same 
                general class.
                    (B) Example.--The Chairman shall, for 
                example, ensure that the assessment is not 
                limited to a broad characterization, such as 
                ``cruise missiles'', since such 
                characterization does not sufficiently 
                distinguish between current cruise missiles and 
                emerging hypersonic cruise missiles, which may 
                require different capabilities to counter them.
            (4) Interim briefing and report.--
                    (A) Interim briefing.--Not later than 60 
                days after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the Chairman shall brief the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives on the assessment under 
                paragraph (1).
                    (B) Report.--Not later than 180 days after 
                the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
                Chairman shall submit to the Committees on 
                Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
                Representatives a report on the findings of the 
                assessment conducted under paragraph (1).
    (c) Secretary of the Military Department Briefings on 
Response to IAMD Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        submittal of the report required by subsection 
        (b)(4)(B), the Secretary of the Army, the Secretary of 
        the Navy, and the Secretary of the Air Force shall each 
        brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
        and the House of Representatives on the manner in which 
        the military department under the jurisdiction of such 
        Secretary intends to fulfill the global integrated air 
        and missile defense requirements of the combatant 
        commands in accordance with Department of Defense 
        Directive 5100.01.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, for the military department covered by 
        such briefing, the following:
                    (A) Analysis of current and planned 
                integrated air and missile defense capabilities 
                to counter the threats characterized and 
                analyzed under subsection (b)(2)(A), including 
                the following:
                            (i) Projected timelines and costs 
                        for development, procurement, and 
                        fielding of planned integrated air and 
                        missile defense capabilities.
                            (ii) Projected capability gaps and 
                        an assessment of associated risk.
                            (iii) Opportunities for 
                        acceleration or need for incorporation 
                        of interim capabilities to address 
                        current and projected gaps.
                    (B) Analysis of current and planned 
                capacity to meet major contingency plan 
                requirements and ongoing global operations of 
                the combatant commands, including the 
                following:
                            (i) Current and planned numbers of 
                        integrated air and missile defense 
                        systems and formations, including 
                        associated munitions.
                            (ii) Capacity gaps, and an 
                        assessment of associated risk, in 
                        addressing combatant command 
                        requirements.
                            (iii) Operations tempo stress on 
                        integrated air and missile defense 
                        formations and personnel.
                            (iv) Plans to sustain or to 
                        increase integrated air and missile 
                        defense personnel and formations.
                    (C) Assessment of proponency and the 
                distribution of responsibility and authority 
                for policy and program planning, budgeting, and 
                execution within the military department for 
                integrated air and missile defense and counter-
                unmanned aerial systems, including the 
                following:
                            (i) A description of the current 
                        proponency structure.
                            (ii) An assessment of the adequacy 
                        of the current proponency structure to 
                        facilitate integrated air and missile 
                        defense and counter unmanned aerial 
                        systems functions for the Department of 
                        Defense.
                    (D) Assessment of the feasibility and 
                advisability of establishing one or more 
                centers of excellence for integrated air and 
                missile defense, counter unmanned aerial 
                systems, or both for purposes of planing, 
                organizing, and managing the military 
                department and joint force efforts to achieve a 
                functional capability and capacity to meet the 
                requirements of the combatant commands.

SEC. 156. JOINT STRATEGY FOR AIR BASE DEFENSE AGAINST MISSILE THREATS.

    (a) Strategy Required.--The Chief of Staff of the Air Force 
and the Chief of Staff of the Army shall jointly develop and 
carry out a strategy to address the defense of air bases and 
prepositioned sites outside the continental United States 
against current and emerging missile threats, as validated by 
the Defense Intelligence Agency.
    (b) Certification and Strategy.--Not later than June 1, 
2021, the Chief of Staff of the Air Force and the Chief of 
Staff of the Army shall jointly submit to the congressional 
defense committees the following:
            (1) A certification that the defense of air bases 
        and prepositioned sites outside the continental United 
        States against threats described in subsection (a) is 
        being addressed jointly.
            (2) The strategy developed pursuant to subsection 
        (a).

SEC. 157. JOINT ALL DOMAIN COMMAND AND CONTROL REQUIREMENTS.

    (a) Validation of Requirements by Joint Requirements 
Oversight Council.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council (JROC) shall validate 
requirements for Joint All Domain Command and Control (JADC2).
    (b) Air Force Certification.--Immediately after the 
validation of requirements pursuant to subsection (a), the 
Chief of Staff of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a certification that the 
current Joint All Domain Command and Control effort, including 
programmatic and architecture efforts, being led by the Air 
Force will meet the requirements validated by the Joint 
Requirements Oversight Council.
    (c) Certification by Other Armed Forces.-- Not later than 
July 1, 2021, the chief of staff of each Armed Force other than 
the Air Force shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a certification whether the efforts of such Armed 
Force on multi-domain command and control are compatible with 
Joint All Domain Command and Control architecture.
    (d) Budgeting.--The Secretary of Defense shall incorporate 
the expected costs for full development and implementation of 
Joint All Domain Command and Control across the Department of 
Defense in fiscal year 2022 in the budget of the President for 
fiscal year 2022 as submitted to Congress under section 1105 of 
title 31, United States Code.

SEC. 158. EXPANSION OF ECONOMIC ORDER QUANTITY CONTRACTING AUTHORITY 
                    FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    Section 161(a)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1246) is 
amended by striking ``$574,000,000'' and inserting 
``$1,035,793,000''.

SEC. 159. DOCUMENTATION RELATING TO THE F-35 AIRCRAFT PROGRAM.

    The Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees, not later than 15 days following Milestone 
C approval for the F-35 aircraft program pursuant to section 
2366c of title 10, United States Code, or entering into a 
contract for the full-rate production of F-35 aircraft, the 
documentation with respect to the F-35 aircraft program as 
follows:
            (1) A certification by the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment that--
                    (A) all alternative supply contractors for 
                parts, required for the airframe and propulsion 
                prime contractors of the F-35 aircraft program 
                as a result of the removal of the Republic of 
                Turkey from the program, have been identified, 
                and all related undefinitized contract actions 
                have been definitized (as described in section 
                7401 of part 217 of the Defense Federal 
                Acquisition Regulation Supplement);
                    (B) the parts produced by each such 
                contractor have been qualified and certified as 
                meeting applicable technical design and use 
                specifications; and
                    (C) each such contractor has reached the 
                required rate of production to meet supply 
                requirements for parts under the program.
            (2) A cost analysis, prepared by the joint program 
        office for the F-35 aircraft program, that assesses and 
        defines--
                    (A) the manner in which the full 
                integration of Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 
                capabilities for each lot of Block 4 production 
                aircraft beginning after lot 14 will affect the 
                average procurement unit cost of United States 
                variants of the F-35A, F-35B, and F-35C 
                aircraft; and
                    (B) the manner in which the establishment 
                of alternate sources of production and 
                sustainment of supply and repair parts due to 
                the removal of the Republic of Turkey from the 
                program will affect such unit cost.
            (3) All reports required by section 167 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1250).
            (4) An independent cost estimate, prepared by 
        Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, 
        that defines, for each phase of the F-35 aircraft 
        program, the cost to develop, procure, integrate, and 
        retrofit F-35 aircraft with all Block 4 capability 
        requirements that are specified in the most recent 
        Block 4 capabilities development document.
            (5) A plan to correct or mitigate any deficiency in 
        the F-35 aircraft, identified as of the date of 
        enactment of this Act that--
                    (A) may cause death, severe injury or 
                occupational illness, or major loss or damage 
                to equipment or a system, and for which there 
                is no identified workaround (commonly known as 
                a ``category 1A deficiency''); or
                    (B) critically restricts combat readiness 
                capabilities or results in the inability to 
                attain adequate performance to accomplish 
                mission requirements (commonly known as a 
                ``category 1B deficiency'').
            (6) A software and hardware capability, upgrade, 
        and aircraft modification plan for the F-35 aircraft 
        that defines the cost and schedule for retrofitting F-
        35 aircraft that currently have Technical Refresh 2 
        capabilities installed to ensure compatibility with 
        Block 4 and Technical Refresh 3 capabilities.
            (7) The following reports for the F-35 aircraft 
        program, as prepared by the Director of Operational 
        Test and Evaluation:
                    (A) A report on the results of the 
                realistic survivability testing of the F-35 
                aircraft, as described in section 2366(d) of 
                title 10, United States Code.
                    (B) A report on the results of the initial 
                operational test and evaluation conducted for 
                program, as described in section 2399(b)(2) of 
                such title.
            (8) A mitigation strategy and implementation plan 
        to address each critical deficiency in the F-35 
        aircraft autonomic logistics information system that 
        has been identified as of the date of enactment of this 
        Act.
            (9) A certification that the F-35A aircraft meets 
        required mission reliability performance using an 
        average sortie duration of 2 hours and 30 minutes.
            (10) A certification that the Secretary has 
        developed and validated a fully integrated and 
        realistic schedule for the development, production and 
        integration of Block 4 Technical Refresh 3 capabilities 
        for the F-35 aircraft, that includes a strategy for 
        resolving all software technical debt that has 
        accumulated within the F-35 operational flight program 
        source code during development, production, and 
        integration of Technical Refresh 1 and Technical 
        Refresh 2 capabilities.
            (11) The following:
                    (A) A complete list of hardware 
                modifications that will be required to 
                integrate Block 4 capabilities into lot 16 and 
                lot 17 production F-35 aircraft.
                    (B) An estimate of the costs of any 
                engineering changes required as a result of 
                such modifications.
                    (C) A comparison of those engineering 
                changes and costs with the engineering changes 
                and costs for lot 15 production F-35 aircraft.

SEC. 160. F-35 AIRCRAFT MUNITIONS.

    Subject to the availability of appropriations, the 
Secretary of the Air Force and the Secretary of the Navy shall, 
in coordination with the Director of the F-35 Joint Program 
Office, certify for use by the Armed Forces under the 
jurisdiction of such Secretary munitions for F-35 aircraft that 
are qualified on F-35 partner aircraft of North Atlantic Treaty 
Organization (NATO) member nations as of the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

SEC. 161. REDESIGN STRATEGY FOR THE AUTONOMIC LOGISTICS INFORMATION 
                    SYSTEM FOR THE F-35 FIGHTER AIRCRAFT.

    (a) In General.--Not later than March 1, 2021, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall, in 
consultation with the Director of the F-35 Aircraft Joint 
Program Office, submit to the congressional defense committees 
the following:
            (1) A report describing a program-wide process for 
        measuring, collecting, and tracking information on the 
        manner in which the F-35 Autonomic Logistics 
        Information System (ALIS) is affecting the performance 
        of the F-35 aircraft fleet, including its effects on 
        aircraft availability and mission capability and 
        effectiveness rates.
            (2) A strategy and implementation plan for the F-35 
        Operational Data Integrated Network (ODIN) system that 
        is being developed to replace the F-35 Autonomic 
        Logistics Information System, including an 
        identification and assessment of goals, key risks or 
        uncertainties, system performance metrics, and costs of 
        designing, procuring, and fielding the F-35 Operational 
        Data Integrated Network system.
    (b) Updates.--In each quarterly briefing required by 
section 155 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 115-232; 132 
Stat. 1672) for a calendar quarter beginning on or after 
January 1, 2022, the Under Secretary and the Director shall 
include an update containing current information on the 
following:
            (1) The manner in which the F-35 Autonomic 
        Logistics Information System is affecting fleet 
        performance of the F-35 aircraft fleet.
            (2) The progress being made to develop, procure, 
        and field the F-35 Operational Data Integrated Network 
        system.

SEC. 162. BRIEFINGS ON SOFTWARE REGRESSION TESTING FOR F-35 AIRCRAFT.

    During the quarterly briefing required by section 155 of 
the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1672) covering 
a quarter in which mission systems production software for the 
F-35 aircraft was released to units operating such aircraft 
under the F-35 aircraft continuous capability development and 
delivery program, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Acquisition and Sustainment shall, in consultation with the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation, brief the 
congressional defense committees with the following with 
respect to the missions systems production software for the F-
35 aircraft:
            (1) An explanation of the types and methods of 
        regression testing that were completed for the 
        production release of the software concerned to ensure 
        compatibility and proper functionality with--
                    (A) the fire control radar system of each 
                variant of the F-35 aircraft; and
                    (B) all weapons certified for carriage and 
                employment on each variant of the F-35 
                aircraft.
            (2) An identification of any entities that 
        conducted regression testing of such software, 
        including any development facilities of the Federal 
        Government or contractors that conducted such testing.
            (3) A list of deficiencies identified during 
        regression testing of such software, or by operational 
        units, after fielding of such software, and an 
        explanation of--
                    (A) any software modifications, including 
                quick-reaction capability, that were completed 
                to resolve or mitigate such deficiencies;
                    (B) with respect to any deficiencies that 
                were not resolved or mitigated, whether the 
                deficiencies will be corrected in later 
                releases of the software; and
                    (C) any effects resulting from such 
                deficiencies, including--
                            (i) any effects on the cost and 
                        schedule for delivery of the software; 
                        and
                            (ii) in cases in which the 
                        deficiencies resulted in additional, 
                        unplanned, software releases, any 
                        effects on the ongoing testing of 
                        software capability releases.

SEC. 163. PROHIBITION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR THE ARMED OVERWATCH PROGRAM.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for the Department of Defense may 
be used to, and the Department may not--
            (1) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the United 
        States Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021; 
        or
            (2) procure armed overwatch aircraft for the Air 
        Force in fiscal years 2021 through 2023.

SEC. 164. ACCELERATION OF DEVELOPMENT AND FIELDING OF COUNTER UNMANNED 
                    AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS ACROSS THE JOINT FORCE.

    (a) Immediate Objective for Executive Agent for C-sUAS.--
The Executive Agent of the Joint Counter Small Unmanned 
Aircraft Systems (C-sUAS) Office, as designated by the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
prioritize the objective of developing and executing a plan to 
develop, test, and begin production of a counter unmanned 
aircraft system that can be fielded as early as fiscal year 
2021 to meet immediate operational needs in countering Group 1, 
2, and 3 unmanned aircraft systems and, to the extent 
practical, has the potential to counter other, larger unmanned 
aircraft systems.
    (b) Development and Fielding of C-sUAS Systems in Fiscal 
Year 2021.--In carrying out subsection (a), the Executive Agent 
shall consider the selection of counter unmanned aircraft 
systems with specific emphasis on systems that--
            (1) have undergone successful realistic operational 
        tests or assessments, or have been or are currently 
        deployed;
            (2) will meet the operational requirements of 
        deployed forces facing current and anticipated unmanned 
        aircraft system (UAS) threats, including effectiveness 
        against unmanned aircraft systems that are not remotely 
        piloted or are not reliant on a command link;
            (3) use autonomous and semi-autonomous systems and 
        processes;
            (4) are affordable, with low operating and 
        sustainment costs;
            (5) build, to the extent practicable, upon systems 
        that were selected for fielding in fiscal year 2021;
            (6) reduce or accelerate the timeline for initial 
        operational capability and full operational capability 
        of the counter unmanned aircraft system prioritized by 
        subsection (a);
            (7) enable the flexible and continuous integration 
        of different types of sensors and mitigation solutions 
        based on the different demands of particular military 
        installations and deployed forces, physical 
        geographies, and threat profiles; and
            (8) are or include systems or component parts that 
        are commercial items, as required by section 3307 of 
        title 41, United States Code, including a common 
        command and control system.
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Executive Agent shall brief the 
congressional defense committees on the following:
            (1) The selection process for counter unmanned 
        aircraft system capabilities prioritized by this 
        section.
            (2) The plan prioritized by subsection (a).
    (d) Oversight.--The Executive Agent shall--
            (1) oversee the execution of all counter unmanned 
        aircraft systems being developed by the military 
        departments as of the day before the date of the 
        enactment of this Act; and
            (2) ensure that the plan prioritized by subsection 
        (a) guides future programmatic and funding decisions 
        for activities relating to counter unmanned aircraft 
        systems, including any cancellation of such activities.

SEC. 165. AIRBORNE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE 
                    ACQUISITION ROADMAP FOR THE UNITED STATES SPECIAL 
                    OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) In General.--Not later than December 1, 2021, the 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and Low-
Intensity Conflict and the Commander of the United States 
Special Operations Command shall jointly submit to the 
congressional defense committees an acquisition roadmap to meet 
the manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, 
and reconnaissance requirements of United States Special 
Operations Forces.
    (b) Elements.--The roadmap required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A description of the current platform 
        requirements for manned and unmanned airborne 
        intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        capabilities to support United States Special 
        Operations Forces.
            (2) An analysis of the remaining service life of 
        existing manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities currently 
        operated by United States Special Operations Forces.
            (3) An identification of any current or anticipated 
        gaps for special operations-peculiar manned and 
        unmanned airborne intelligence, surveillance, and 
        reconnaissance capabilities.
            (4) A description of anticipated manned and 
        unmanned intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance 
        platform requirements of the United States Special 
        Operations Forces, including range, payload, endurance, 
        ability to operate in contested environments, and other 
        requirements, as appropriate.
            (5) A description of the manner in which the 
        anticipated requirements described in paragraph (4) are 
        in alignment with the National Defense Strategy and 
        meet the challenge of strategic competition and nation 
        state intelligence collection requirements.
            (6) An explanation of the anticipated mix of manned 
        and unmanned aircraft, number of platforms, and 
        associated aircrew and maintainers for support of 
        United States Special Operations Forces.
            (7) An explanation of the extent to which service-
        provided manned and unmanned airborne intelligence, 
        surveillance, and reconnaissance capabilities will be 
        required in support of United States Special Operations 
        Forces, and the manner in which such capabilities will 
        supplement and integrate with the organic capabilities 
        possessed by United States Special Operations Forces.
            (8) Any other matters the Assistant Secretary and 
        the Commander jointly consider appropriate.

SEC. 166. PROHIBITION ON DIVESTITURE OF MANNED INTELLIGENCE, 
                    SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT OPERATED 
                    BY UNITED STATES SPECIAL OPERATIONS COMMAND.

    (a) Prohibition.--No funds authorized to be appropriated by 
this Act may be used to divest any manned intelligence, 
surveillance, and reconnaissance aircraft operated by the 
United States Special Operations Command, and the Department of 
Defense may not divest any manned intelligence, surveillance, 
and reconnaissance aircraft operated by the United States 
Special Operations Command in fiscal year 2021.
    (b) Exception.--The prohibition in subsection (a) does not 
apply to any divestment of aircraft described in that 
subsection that is ongoing as of the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 167. NOTIFICATION ON EFFORTS TO REPLACE INOPERABLE EJECTION SEAT 
                    AIRCRAFT LOCATOR BEACONS.

    (a) Notification.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, and on a semi-annual basis 
thereafter until the date specified in subsection (b), the 
Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a written 
notification that describes, with respect to the period covered 
by the notification--
            (1) the efforts of the service acquisition 
        executives of the Department of the Air Force and the 
        Department of the Navy to replace ejection seat 
        aircraft locator beacons that are--
                    (A) installed on covered aircraft; and
                    (B) inoperable in water or in wet 
                conditions; and
            (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.
    (b) Date Specified.--The date specified in this subsection 
is the earlier of--
            (1) the date on which the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment determines that 
        all ejection seat aircraft locator beacons installed on 
        covered aircraft are operable in water and wet 
        conditions; or
            (2) the date that is 5 years after the date of the 
        enactment of this Act.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered aircraft'' means aircraft of 
        the Air Force, the Navy, and the Marine Corps that are 
        equipped with ejection seats.
            (2) The term ``service acquisition executive of the 
        Department of the Air Force'' does not include the 
        Service Acquisition Executive of the Department of the 
        Air Force for Space Systems and Programs described in 
        section 957 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 9016 
        note).

         TITLE II--RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 201. Authorization of appropriations.

     Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

Sec. 211. Modification of requirements relating to certain cooperative 
          research and development agreements.
Sec. 212. Disclosure requirements for recipients of Department of 
          Defense research and development funds.
Sec. 213. Modification of national security innovation activities and 
          pilot program on strengthening the defense industrial and 
          innovation base.
Sec. 214. Updates to Defense Quantum Information Science and Technology 
          Research and Development program.
Sec. 215. Establishment of Directed Energy Working Group.
Sec. 216. Extension of pilot program for the enhancement of the 
          research, development, test, and evaluation centers of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 217. Designation of senior officials for critical technology areas 
          supportive of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 218. Executive agent for Autonomy.
Sec. 219. National security innovation partnerships.
Sec. 220. Social science, management science, and information science 
          research activities.
Sec. 221. Accountability measures relating to the Advanced Battle 
          Management System.
Sec. 222. Activities to improve fielding of Air Force hypersonic 
          capabilities.
Sec. 223. Disclosure of funding sources in applications for Federal 
          research and development awards.
Sec. 224. Governance of fifth-generation wireless networking in the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 225. Demonstration project on use of certain technologies for 
          fifth-generation wireless networking services.
Sec. 226. Research, development, and deployment of technologies to 
          support water sustainment.
Sec. 227. Limitation on contract awards for certain unmanned vessels.

       Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

Sec. 231. Modification of biannual report on the Joint Artificial 
          Intelligence Center.
Sec. 232. Modification of joint artificial intelligence research, 
          development, and transition activities.
Sec. 233. Board of advisors for the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
          Center.
Sec. 234. Application of artificial intelligence to the defense reform 
          pillar of the National Defense Strategy.
Sec. 235. Acquisition of ethically and responsibly developed artificial 
          intelligence technology.
Sec. 236. Steering committee on emerging technology.

             Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

Sec. 241. Measuring and incentivizing programming proficiency.
Sec. 242. Modification of Science, Mathematics, and Research for 
          Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program.
Sec. 243. Improvements to Technology and National Security Fellowship of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 244. Modification of mechanisms for expedited access to technical 
          talent and expertise at academic institutions.
Sec. 245. Encouragement of contractor science, technology, engineering, 
          and mathematics (STEM) programs.
Sec. 246. Training program for human resources personnel in best 
          practices for technical workforce.
Sec. 247. Pilot program on the use of electronic portfolios to evaluate 
          certain applicants for technical positions.
Sec. 248. Pilot program on self-directed training in advanced 
          technologies.
Sec. 249. Part-time and term employment of university faculty and 
          students in the Defense science and technology enterprise.
Sec. 250. National security workforce and educational diversity 
          activities.
Sec. 251. Coordination of scholarship and employment programs of the 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 252. Study on mechanisms for attracting and retaining high quality 
          talent in the Department of Defense.

                    Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

Sec. 261. National coordinating entity for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 262. Strategic plan for sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 263. Agency activities in support of sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 264. Partnerships in sustainable chemistry.
Sec. 265. Prioritization.
Sec. 266. Rule of construction.
Sec. 267. Major multi-user research facility project.

              Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

Sec. 271. Modification to annual report of the Director of Operational 
          Test and Evaluation.
Sec. 272. Modification to Test Resource Management Center strategic plan 
          reporting cycle and contents.
Sec. 273. Modification of requirements relating to energetics plan to 
          include assessment of feasibility and advisability of 
          establishing a program office for energetics.
Sec. 274. Element in annual reports on cyber science and technology 
          activities on work with academic consortia on high priority 
          cybersecurity research activities in Department of Defense 
          capabilities.
Sec. 275. Repeal of quarterly updates on the Optionally Manned Fighting 
          Vehicle program.
Sec. 276. Microelectronics and national security.
Sec. 277. Independent evaluation of personal protective and diagnostic 
          testing equipment.
Sec. 278. Assessment on United States national security emerging 
          biotechnology efforts and capabilities and comparison with 
          adversaries.
Sec. 279. Annual reports regarding the SBIR program of the Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 280. Reports on F-35 physiological episodes and mitigation efforts.
Sec. 281. Review and report on next generation air dominance 
          capabilities.
Sec. 282. Plan for operational test and utility evaluation of systems 
          for Low-Cost Attributable Aircraft Technology program.
Sec. 283. Independent comparative analysis of efforts by China and the 
          United States to recruit and retain researchers in national 
          security-related and defense-related fields.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 201. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2021 for the use of the Department of Defense for 
research, development, test, and evaluation, as specified in 
the funding table in section 4201.

    Subtitle B--Program Requirements, Restrictions, and Limitations

SEC. 211. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO CERTAIN COOPERATIVE 
                    RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AGREEMENTS.

    Section 2350a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (b)(2), by striking ``and the 
        Under Secretary'' and inserting ``or the Under 
        Secretary''; and
            (2) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking ``Each cooperative'' and 
                inserting ``(1) Except as provided in paragraph 
                (2), each cooperative''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraphs:
    ``(2) A cooperative research and development project may be 
entered into under this section under which costs are shared 
between the participants on an unequal basis if the Secretary 
of Defense, or an official specified in subsection (b)(2) to 
whom the Secretary delegates authority under this paragraph, 
makes a written determination that unequal cost sharing 
provides strategic value to the United States or another 
participant in the project.
    ``(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term `cost' 
means the total value of cash and non-cash contributions.''.

SEC. 212. DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS FOR RECIPIENTS OF DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FUNDS.

    (a) Disclosure Requirements.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 139 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
                    development funds

    ``(a) In General.--Except as provided in subsections (b) 
and (c), an individual or entity (including a State or local 
government) that uses funds received from the Department of 
Defense to carry out research or development activities shall 
include, in any public document pertaining to such activities, 
a clear statement indicating the dollar amount of the funds 
received from the Department for such activities.
    ``(b) Exception.--The disclosure requirement under 
subsection (a) shall not apply to a public document consisting 
of fewer than 280 characters.
    ``(c) Waiver.--The Secretary of Defense may waive the 
disclosure requirement under subsection (a) on a case-by-case 
basis.
    ``(d) Public Document Defined.--In this section, the term 
`public document' means any document or other written statement 
made available for public reference or use, regardless of 
whether such document or statement is made available in hard 
copy or electronic format.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at 
        the end the following new item:
``2374b. Disclosure requirements for recipients of research and 
          development funds.''.
    (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendments made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 2021, and 
shall apply with respect to funds for research and development 
that are awarded by the Department of Defense on or after that 
date.

SEC. 213. MODIFICATION OF NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION ACTIVITIES AND 
                    PILOT PROGRAM ON STRENGTHENING THE DEFENSE 
                    INDUSTRIAL AND INNOVATION BASE.

    (a) National Security Innovation Activities.--Section 230 
of the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (h);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (e) through (g) as 
        subsections (f) through (h), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(e) Advisory Assistance.--
            ``(1) In general.--The Under Secretary shall 
        establish a mechanism to seek advice from existing 
        Federal advisory committees on matters relating to--
                    ``(A) the implementation and prioritization 
                of activities established under subsection (a); 
                and
                    ``(B) determining how such activities may 
                be used to support the overall technology 
                strategy of the Department of Defense.
            ``(2) Existing federal advisory committees 
        defined.--In this subsection, the term `existing 
        Federal advisory committee' means an advisory committee 
        that--
                    ``(A) is established pursuant to a 
                provision of Federal law other than this 
                section; and
                    ``(B) has responsibilities relevant to the 
                activities established under subsection (a), as 
                determined by the Under Secretary.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (1) of subsection (g) (as so 
        redesignated) by striking ``strengthening manufacturing 
        in the defense industrial base'' and inserting 
        ``strengthening the defense industrial and innovation 
        base''.
    (b) Plan.--Not later than April 1, 2021, the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a plan that describes--
            (1) the mechanism the Under Secretary will use to 
        seek advice from existing Federal advisory committees 
        as required under section 230(e) of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
        (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) (as added by 
        subsection (a) of this section); and
            (2) the expected roles and responsibilities of such 
        committees with respect to advising the Under Secretary 
        on the activities established under section 230 of such 
        Act.
    (c) Pilot Program on Defense Industrial and Innovation 
Base.--Section 1711 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2505 note) 
is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking 
        ``manufacturing in the defense industrial base'' and 
        inserting ``the defense industrial and innovation 
        base'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by inserting ``and the defense innovation 
                base'' after ``industrial base'';
                    (B) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                ``development, prototyping, and manufacturing'' 
                before ``production''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2), by striking 
                ``manufacturing and production'' and inserting 
                ``development, prototyping, and 
                manufacturing'';
            (3) in subsection (b)--
                    (A) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (3); and
                    (B) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Section 230 of the John S. McCain National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public 
        Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).'';
            (4) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking 
                ``manufacturing and production'' and inserting 
                ``development, prototyping, and 
                manufacturing'';
                    (B) in paragraph (3), by striking 
                ``manufacturing and production'';
                    (C) in paragraph (4), by striking 
                ``manufacturers'' and inserting ``companies''; 
                and
                    (D) in paragraph (5), by striking 
                ``manufacturers'' and inserting ``companies'';
            (5) in subsection (d), by striking ``the date that 
        is four years after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act'' and inserting ``December 31, 2026''; and
            (6) in subsection (e), by striking ``January 31, 
        2022'' and inserting ``January 31, 2027''.

SEC. 214. UPDATES TO DEFENSE QUANTUM INFORMATION SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                    RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM.

    Section 234 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (e) as subsection 
        (f); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (d) the following 
        new subsection (e):
    ``(e) Use of Quantum Computing Capabilities.--The Secretary 
of each military department shall--
            ``(1) develop and annually update a list of 
        technical problems and research challenges which are 
        likely to be addressable by quantum computers available 
        for use within in the next one to three years, with a 
        priority for technical problems and challenges where 
        quantum computing systems have performance advantages 
        over traditional computing systems, in order to enhance 
        the capabilities of such quantum computers and support 
        the addressing of relevant technical problems and 
        research challenges; and
            ``(2) establish programs and enter into agreements 
        with appropriate medium and small businesses with 
        functional quantum computing capabilities to provide 
        such private sector capabilities to government, 
        industry, and academic researchers working on relevant 
        technical problems and research activities.''.

SEC. 215. ESTABLISHMENT OF DIRECTED ENERGY WORKING GROUP.

    Section 219 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2431 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)--
                    (A) by striking paragraph (4); and
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (5) as 
                paragraph (4); and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(d) Directed Energy Working Group.--
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than 60 days after the 
        date of the enactment of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for fiscal year 2021, the Secretary 
        of Defense shall establish a working group to be known 
        as the `Directed Energy Working Group'.
            ``(2) Responsibilities.--The Directed Energy 
        Working Group shall--
                    ``(A) analyze and evaluate the current and 
                planned directed energy programs of each of the 
                military departments;
                    ``(B) make recommendations to the Secretary 
                of Defense--
                            ``(i) describing how memoranda of 
                        understanding may be used to coordinate 
                        the directed energy activities 
                        conducted by the Department of Defense 
                        using amounts authorized to be 
                        appropriated for research, development, 
                        test, and evaluation; and
                            ``(ii) proposing the establishment 
                        of specific memoranda of understanding 
                        between individual organizations and 
                        elements of the Department of Defense 
                        to facilitate such coordination;
                    ``(C) identify methods of quickly fielding 
                directed energy capabilities and programs; and
                    ``(D) develop a compendium on the 
                effectiveness of directed energy weapon systems 
                and integrate the compendium into an overall 
                Joint Effectiveness Manual under the guidance 
                from the Joint Technical Coordination Group for 
                Munitions Effectiveness.
            ``(3) Head of working group.--The head of the 
        Directed Energy Working Group shall be the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering or 
        the designee of the Under Secretary.
            ``(4) Membership.--The members of the Directed 
        Energy Working Group shall be appointed as follows:
                    ``(A) One member from each military 
                department, appointed by the Secretary of the 
                military department concerned.
                    ``(B) One member appointed by the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Research and 
                Engineering.
                    ``(C) One member appointed by the Under 
                Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and 
                Sustainment.
                    ``(D) One member appointed by the Director 
                of the Strategic Capabilities Office of the 
                Department of Defense.
                    ``(E) One member appointed by the Director 
                of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency.
                    ``(F) One member appointed by the Director 
                of Operational Test and Evaluation.
                    ``(G) One member appointed by the Director 
                of the Missile Defense Agency.
                    ``(H) Such other members as may be 
                appointed by the Secretary of Defense from 
                among individuals serving in the Department of 
                Defense.
            ``(5) Deadline for appointment.--Members of the 
        Directed Energy Working Group shall be appointed not 
        later than 30 days after the date of the establishment 
        of the working group under paragraph (1).
            ``(6) Briefings to congress.--Not later than 180 
        days after the date of the enactment of the William M. 
        (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2021, and not less frequently than once 
        every 180 days thereafter, the Directed Energy Working 
        Group shall provide to the congressional defense 
        committees a briefing on the progress of each directed 
        energy program that is being adopted or fielded by the 
        Department of Defense.
            ``(7) Termination.--The Directed Energy Working 
        Group established under this subsection shall terminate 
        4 years after the date of the enactment of the William 
        M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2021.''.

SEC. 216. EXTENSION OF PILOT PROGRAM FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF THE 
                    RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, TEST, AND EVALUATION CENTERS 
                    OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Section 233 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (e), by striking ``2022'' and 
        inserting ``2027''; and
            (2) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
                follows:
            ``(1) In general.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
        Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        status of the pilot program.''; and
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by adding at the end 
                the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F) With respect to any military 
                department not participating in the pilot 
                program, an explanation for such 
                nonparticipation, including identification of--
                            ``(i) any issues that may be 
                        preventing such participation; and
                            ``(ii) any offices or other 
                        elements of the Department of Defense 
                        that may be responsible for the delay 
                        in participation.''.
    (b) Technical Amendment.--Effective as of December 23, 
2016, and as if included therein as enacted, section 
233(c)(2)(C)(ii) of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended by striking ``Assistant Secretary of the Army for 
Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics'' and inserting 
``Assistant Secretary of the Army for Acquisition, Logistics, 
and Technology''.
    (c) Extension of Pilot Program to Improve Incentives for 
Technology Transfer From Department of Defense Laboratories.--
Subsection (e) of section 233 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 
U.S.C. 2514 note) is amended to read as follows:
    ``(e) Sunset.--The pilot program under this section shall 
terminate on September 30, 2025.''.

SEC. 217. DESIGNATION OF SENIOR OFFICIALS FOR CRITICAL TECHNOLOGY AREAS 
                    SUPPORTIVE OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Designation of Senior Officials.--The Under Secretary 
of Defense for Research and Engineering shall--
            (1) identify technology areas that the Under 
        Secretary considers critical for the support of the 
        National Defense Strategy; and
            (2) for each such technology area, designate a 
        senior official of the Department of Defense to 
        coordinate research and engineering activities in that 
        area.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of each senior official designated 
under subsection (a) shall include, with respect to the 
technology area overseen by such official--
            (1) developing and continuously updating research 
        and technology development roadmaps, funding 
        strategies, and technology transition strategies to 
        ensure--
                    (A) the effective and efficient development 
                of new capabilities in the area; and
                    (B) the operational use of appropriate 
                technologies;
            (2) conducting annual assessments of workforce, 
        infrastructure, and industrial base capabilities and 
        capacity to support--
                    (A) the roadmaps developed under paragraph 
                (1); and
                    (B) the goals of the National Defense 
                Strategy;
            (3) reviewing the relevant research and engineering 
        budgets of appropriate organizations within the 
        Department of Defense, including the Armed Forces, and 
        advising the Under Secretary on--
                    (A) the consistency of the budgets with the 
                roadmaps developed under paragraph (1);
                    (B) any technical and programmatic risks to 
                the achievement of the research and technology 
                development goals of the National Defense 
                Strategy;
                    (C) programs, projects, and activities that 
                demonstrate--
                            (i) unwanted or inefficient 
                        duplication, including duplication with 
                        activities of other government agencies 
                        and the commercial sector;
                            (ii) lack of appropriate 
                        coordination with other organizations; 
                        or
                            (iii) inappropriate alignment with 
                        organizational missions and 
                        capabilities;
            (4) coordinating the research and engineering 
        activities of the Department with appropriate 
        international, interagency, and private sector 
        organizations; and
            (5) tasking appropriate intelligence agencies of 
        the Department to develop a direct comparison between 
        the capabilities of the United States in the technology 
        area concerned and the capabilities of adversaries of 
        the United States in that area.
    (c) Annual Reports.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 1, 2021, 
        and not later than December 1 of each year thereafter 
        through December 1, 2025, the Under Secretary shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        on research and engineering activities and on the 
        status of the technology areas identified under 
        subsection (a)(1), including a description of any 
        programs, projects, or activities in such areas, that 
        have, in the year preceding the date of the report--
                    (A) achieved significant technical 
                progress;
                    (B) transitioned from the research and 
                development phase to formal acquisition 
                programs;
                    (C) transitioned from the research and 
                development phase into operational use; or
                    (D) been transferred from the Department of 
                Defense to private sector organizations for 
                further commercial development or commercial 
                sales.
            (2) Form.--Each report under paragraph (1) shall 
        submitted in unclassified form that can be made 
        available to the public, but may include a classified 
        annex.
    (d) Coordination of Research and Engineering Activities.--
The Service Acquisition Executive for each military department 
and the Director of the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
Agency shall each identify senior officials to ensure 
coordination of appropriate research and engineering activities 
with each of the senior officials designated under subsection 
(a).
    (e) Conforming Amendments.--Section 218 of the John Warner 
National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2007 (Public 
Law 109-364; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a) by striking the second 
        sentence and inserting ``The Office shall carry out the 
        program and activities described in subsections (b) and 
        (c) and shall have such other responsibilities relating 
        to hypersonics as the Secretary shall specify'';
            (2) by striking subsections (b), (e) and (f);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (b) and (c), respectively;
            (4) in subsection (b)(1), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``provide the Office with'' and all that 
        follows through the period at the end and inserting 
        ``provide the Office with foundational and applied 
        hypersonic research, development, and workforce support 
        in areas that the Office determines to be relevant for 
        the Department of Defense.'';
            (5) in subsection (c), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), 
                by striking ``In carrying out the program 
                required by subsection (b), the Office'' and 
                inserting ``The Office'';
                    (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as 
                follows:
            ``(1) Expedite testing, evaluation, and acquisition 
        of hypersonic technologies to meet the stated needs of 
        the warfighter, including flight testing, ground-based-
        testing, and underwater launch testing.'';
                    (C) by striking paragraphs (2) and (3);
                    (D) by redesignating paragraphs (4), (5), 
                (6), and (7) as paragraphs (2), (3), (4), and 
                (6), respectively;
                    (E) by amending paragraph (2), as so 
                redesignated, to read as follows:
            ``(2) Ensure prototyping demonstration programs on 
        hypersonic systems integrate advanced technologies to 
        speed the maturation and deployment of future 
        hypersonic systems.'';
                    (F) by amending paragraph (3), as so 
                redesignated, to read as follows:
            ``(3) Ensure that any demonstration program on 
        hypersonic systems is carried out only if determined to 
        be consistent with the roadmap for the relevant 
        critical technology area supportive of the National 
        Defense Strategy, as developed by the senior official 
        with responsibility for such area under section 217 of 
        the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2021.'';
                    (G) by amending paragraph (4), as so 
                redesignated, to read as follows:
            ``(4) Develop strategies and roadmaps for 
        hypersonic technologies to enable the transition of 
        such technologies to future operational capabilities 
        for the warfighter.'';
                    (H) by inserting after paragraph (4), as so 
                redesignated, the following:
            ``(5) Develop and implement a strategy for 
        enhancing the current and future hypersonics 
        workforce.''; and
                    (I) by amending paragraph (6), as so 
                redesignated, to read as follows:
            ``(6) Coordinate with relevant stakeholders and 
        agencies to support the technological advantage of the 
        United States in developing hypersonic systems.''.

SEC. 218. EXECUTIVE AGENT FOR AUTONOMY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of the Navy shall designate an existing program 
executive officer from within the Department of the Navy to 
serve as the acquisition executive agent for autonomy who shall 
be the official within the Department with primary 
responsibility for the acquisition of autonomous technology. 
The officer designated as acquisition executive agent for 
autonomy shall carry out the responsibilities of such position 
in addition to the responsibilities otherwise assigned to such 
officer as a program executive officer.
    (b) Program Executive Officer Defined.--In this section, 
the term ``program executive officer'' has the meaning given 
that term in section 1737(a)(4) of title 10, United States 
Code.

SEC. 219. NATIONAL SECURITY INNOVATION PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish an activity--
            (1) to support partnerships between the Department 
        of Defense and academic institutions, private sector 
        firms in defense and commercial sectors, commercial 
        accelerators and incubators, commercial innovation 
        hubs, public sector organizations, and nonprofit 
        entities with missions relating to national security 
        innovation;
            (2) to expand the national security innovation 
        base, including through engagement with academia, 
        defense industry, commercial industry, government 
        organizations, and the venture capital community;
            (3) to accelerate the transition of technologies 
        and services into acquisition programs and operational 
        use;
            (4) to work in coordination with the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness, other 
        organizations within the Office of the Secretary, and 
        the Armed Forces to create new pathways and models of 
        national security service that facilitate employment 
        within the Department;
            (5) to facilitate engagement with entities 
        described in paragraph (1) for the purpose of 
        developing solutions to national security and defense 
        problems articulated by entities within the Department, 
        including through programs such as the Hacking for 
        Defense program;
            (6) to establish physical locations throughout the 
        United States to support partnerships with academic, 
        government, and private sector industry partners; and
            (7) to enhance the capabilities of the Department 
        in market research, industrial and technology base 
        awareness, source selection, partnerships with private 
        sector capital, and access to commercial technologies.
    (b) Authorities.--In addition to the authorities provided 
under this section, in carrying out this section, the Secretary 
of Defense may use the following authorities:
            (1) Section 1599g of title 10, United States Code, 
        relating to public-private talent exchanges.
            (2) Section 2368 of title 10, United States Code, 
        relating to Centers for Science, Technology, and 
        Engineering Partnerships.
            (3) Section 2374a of title 10, United States Code, 
        relating to prizes for advanced technology 
        achievements.
            (4) Section 2474 of title 10, United States Code, 
        relating to Centers of Industrial and Technical 
        Excellence.
            (5) Section 2521 of title 10, United States Code, 
        relating to the Manufacturing Technology Program.
            (6) Subchapter VI of chapter 33 of title 5, United 
        States Code, relating to assignments to and from 
        States.
            (7) Chapter 47 of title 5, United States Code, 
        relating to personnel research programs and 
        demonstration projects.
            (8) Section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler Technology 
        Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) and section 
        6305 of title 31, United States Code, relating to 
        cooperative research and development agreements.
            (9) Such other authorities as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate.
    (c) Implementation.--
            (1) Support from other department of defense 
        organizations.--The Secretary of Defense may direct 
        other organizations and elements of the Department of 
        Defense to provide personnel, resources, and other 
        support to the activity established under this section, 
        as the Secretary determines appropriate.
            (2) Implementation plan.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
                congressional defense committees a plan for 
                implementing the activity established under 
                this section.
                    (B) Elements.--The plan required under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include the following:
                            (i) Plans that describe any support 
                        that will be provided for the activity 
                        by other organizations and elements of 
                        the Department of Defense under 
                        paragraph (1).
                            (ii) Plans for the implementation 
                        of the activity, including plans for--
                                    (I) future funding and 
                                administrative support of the 
                                activity;
                                    (II) integration of the 
                                activity into the programming, 
                                planning, budgeting, and 
                                execution process of the 
                                Department of Defense;
                                    (III) integration of the 
                                activity with the other 
                                programs and initiatives within 
                                the Department that have 
                                missions relating to innovation 
                                and outreach to the academic 
                                and the private sector ; and
                                    (IV) performance indicators 
                                by which the activity will be 
                                assessed and evaluated.
                            (iii) A description of any 
                        additional authorities the Secretary 
                        may require to effectively carry out 
                        the responsibilities under this 
                        section.

SEC. 220. SOCIAL SCIENCE, MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, AND INFORMATION SCIENCE 
                    RESEARCH ACTIVITIES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
Engineering, shall carry out a program of research and 
development in social science, management science, and 
information science.
    (b) Purposes.--The purposes of the program under subsection 
(a) are as follows:
            (1) To ensure that the Department of Defense has 
        access to innovation and expertise in social science, 
        management science, and information science to enable 
        the Department to improve the effectiveness, 
        efficiency, and agility of the Department's operational 
        and management activities.
            (2) To develop and manage a portfolio of research 
        initiatives in fundamental and applied social science, 
        management science, and information science that is 
        stable, consistent, and balanced across relevant 
        disciplines.
            (3) To enhance cooperation and collaboration on 
        research and development in the fields of social 
        science, management science, and information science 
        between the Department of Defense and appropriate 
        private sector and international entities that are 
        involved in research and development in such fields.
            (4) To accelerate the development of a research 
        community and industry to support Department of Defense 
        missions in the fields of social science, management 
        science, and information science, including the 
        development of facilities, a workforce, infrastructure, 
        and partnerships in support of such missions.
            (5) To coordinate all research and development 
        within the Department of Defense in the fields of 
        social science, management science, and information 
        science.
            (6) To collect, synthesize, and disseminate 
        critical information on research and development in the 
        fields of social science, management science, and 
        information science.
            (7) To assess and appropriately share, with other 
        departments and agencies of the Federal Government and 
        appropriate entities in the private sector--
                    (A) challenges within the Department of 
                Defense that may be addressed through the 
                application of advances in social science, 
                management science, and information science; 
                and
                    (B) datasets related to such challenges.
            (8) To support the identification of organizational 
        and institutional barriers to the implementation of 
        management and organizational enhancements and best 
        practices.
            (9) To accelerate efforts--
                    (A) to transition, and deploy within the 
                Department of Defense, technologies and 
                concepts derived from research and development 
                in the fields of social science, management 
                science, and information science; and
                    (B) to establish policies, procedures, and 
                standards for measuring the success of such 
                efforts.
            (10) To integrate knowledge from cross-disciplinary 
        research on--
                    (A) how factors relating to social science, 
                management science, and information science 
                affect the global security environment; and
                    (B) best practices for management in the 
                public and private sectors.
            (11) To apply principles, tools, and methods from 
        social science, management science, and information 
        science--
                    (A) to ensure the Department of Defense is 
                more agile, efficient, and effective in 
                organizational management and in deterring and 
                countering current and emerging threats; and
                    (B) to support the National Defense 
                Strategy.
    (c) Administration.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering shall supervise the planning, 
management, and coordination of the program under subsection 
(a).
    (d) Activities.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Policy, the Secretaries of the 
military departments, and the heads of relevant Defense 
Agencies, shall--
            (1) prescribe a set of long-term challenges and a 
        set of specific technical goals for the program, 
        including--
                    (A) optimization of analysis of national 
                security data sets;
                    (B) development of innovative defense-
                related management activities;
                    (C) improving the operational use of social 
                science, management science, and information 
                science innovations by military commanders and 
                civilian leaders;
                    (D) improving understanding of the 
                fundamental social, cultural, and behavioral 
                forces that shape the strategic interests of 
                the United States; and
                    (E) developing a Department of Defense 
                workforce capable of developing and leveraging 
                innovations and best practices in the fields of 
                social science, management science, and 
                information science to support defense 
                missions;
            (2) develop a coordinated and integrated research 
        and investment plan for meeting near-term, mid-term, 
        and long-term national security, defense-related, and 
        Departmental management challenges that--
                    (A) includes definitive milestones;
                    (B) provides for achieving specific 
                technical goals;
                    (C) establishes pathways to address the 
                operational and management missions of the 
                Department through--
                            (i) the evaluation of innovations 
                        and advances in social science, 
                        management science, and information 
                        science for potential implementation 
                        within the Department; and
                            (ii) implementation of such 
                        innovations and advances within the 
                        Department, as appropriate; and
                    (C) builds upon the investments of the 
                Department, other departments and agencies of 
                the Federal Government, and the commercial 
                sector in the fields of social science, 
                management science, and information science;
            (3) develop plans for--
                    (A) the development of the Department's 
                workforce in social science, management 
                science, and information science; and
                    (B) improving awareness of--
                            (i) the fields of social science, 
                        management science, and information 
                        science;
                            (ii) advances and innovations in 
                        such fields; and
                            (iii) and the ability of such 
                        advances and innovations to enhance the 
                        efficiency and effectiveness of the 
                        Department; and
            (4) develop memoranda of agreement, joint funding 
        agreements, and such other cooperative arrangements as 
        the Under Secretary determines necessary--
                    (A) to carry out the program under 
                subsection (a); and
                    (B) to transition appropriate products, 
                services, and innovations relating social 
                science, management science, and information 
                science into use within the Department.
    (e) Guidance Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Research and Engineering shall develop 
        and issue guidance for defense-related social science, 
        management science, and information science activities, 
        including--
                    (A) classification and data management 
                plans for such activities;
                    (B) policies for control of personnel 
                participating in such activities to protect 
                national security interests; and
                    (C) ensuring that research findings and 
                innovations in the fields of social science, 
                management science, and information science are 
                incorporated into the activities and strategic 
                documents of the Department.
            (2) Updates.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall regularly update the 
        guidance issued under paragraph (1).
    (f) Designation of Entity.--The Secretary of each military 
department may establish or designate an entity or activity 
under the jurisdiction of such Secretary, which may include a 
Department of Defense Laboratory, an academic institution, or 
another appropriate organization, to support interdisciplinary 
research and development activities in the fields of social 
science, management science, and information science, and 
engage with appropriate public and private sector 
organizations, including academic institutions, to enhance and 
accelerate the research, development, and deployment of social 
science, management science, and information science within the 
Department.
    (g) Use of Other Authority.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
use the authority provided under section 217 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-
91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) to enhance the ability of the 
Department of Defense to access technical talent and expertise 
at academic institutions in support of the purposes of this 
section.
    (h) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than December 31, 2022, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the 
        program under subsection (a).
            (2) Form of report.--The report required under 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, 
        but may include a classified annex.

SEC. 221. ACCOUNTABILITY MEASURES RELATING TO THE ADVANCED BATTLE 
                    MANAGEMENT SYSTEM.

    (a) Cost Assessments.--
            (1) Initial cost estimate.--Not later than 180 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force, in consultation with the 
        Director of Cost Assessment and Program Evaluation, 
        shall--
                    (A) define key technical, programmatic, and 
                operational characteristics for the Advanced 
                Battle Management System; and
                    (B) produce an initial cost estimate for 
                the System that includes--
                            (i) estimated costs for each 
                        product category described in the 
                        report submitted to Congress under 
                        section 236 the National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
                        (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1281); 
                        and
                            (ii) a description of each cost 
                        estimating methodology used in the 
                        preparation of the estimate.
            (2) Review and report.--Not later than 120 days 
        after the completion of the estimate required under 
        paragraph (1), the Air Force Cost Analysis Agency 
        shall--
                    (A) conduct a non-advocate cost assessment 
                of the estimate; and
                    (B) submit to the congressional defense 
                committees and the Government Accountability 
                Office a report on the results of the 
                assessment.
    (b) Program Update Briefings.--
            (1) In general.--Beginning not later than January 
        1, 2021, and on a quarterly basis thereafter, the 
        Secretary of the Air Force shall provide to the 
        congressional defense committees a program update 
        briefing on the Advanced Battle Management System and 
        all associated technologies.
            (2) Elements.--Each briefing under paragraph (1) 
        shall include--
                    (A) a detailed explanation of any on-ramp 
                exercise of the Advanced Battle Management 
                System conducted during the quarter covered by 
                the report, including an explanation of--
                            (i) the objectives achieved by the 
                        exercise and any data collected for the 
                        purposes of decision making;
                            (ii) identification of the portions 
                        of the exercise that were scripted and 
                        unscripted and any technical 
                        workarounds or substitutes used for 
                        purposes of the exercise; and
                            (iii) the interim capabilities 
                        provided to combatant commanders after 
                        the conclusion of the exercise 
                        (commonly known as ``leave behind'' 
                        capabilities) and a plan for the 
                        sustainment or upgrade of such 
                        capabilities; and
                            (iv) the total cost of the exercise 
                        and a breakdown of the costs with 
                        respect to technology, range and 
                        demonstration resources, personnel, and 
                        logistics; and
                    (B) such other information as the Secretary 
                of the Air Force determines appropriate.
    (c) Report on Security and Resiliency Measures.--At the 
same time as the budget of the President for fiscal year 2022 
is submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105(a) of title 
31, United States Code, the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report that 
describes how the Secretary plans to ensure the security and 
resiliency of the Advanced Battle Management System, including 
a description of any information assurance and anti-tamper 
requirements for the System.
    (d) Additional Report and Briefings.--Not later than April 
1, 2021, the Secretary of the Air Force shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees the following:
            (1) Report on planned capabilities.--A report on 
        the planned product line capabilities of the Advanced 
        Battle Management System, including--
                    (A) a description of the technologies 
                needed to implement and achieve such product 
                line capabilities;
                    (B) a timeline for the technical maturation 
                of such product line capabilities; and
                    (C) a notional schedule for fielding such 
                product line capabilities over the period 
                covered by the most recent future-years defense 
                program submitted under section 221 of title 
                10, United States Code, as of the date of the 
                report.
            (2) Briefing on acquisition authorities.--A 
        briefing on the allocation of responsibilities among 
        the individuals and entities responsible for 
        acquisition for the Advanced Battle Management System, 
        including an explanation of how decision-making and 
        governance of the acquisition process is allocated 
        among the Assistant Secretary of the Air Force for 
        Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics, the Chief 
        Architect Integration Office, the Air Force Warfighting 
        Integration Capability, and other entities within the 
        Department of the Air Force that are expected provide 
        capabilities for the System.
            (3) Briefing on alignment with common mission 
        control center.--A briefing, which may be provided in 
        classified or unclassified form, that explains how, and 
        to what extent, the Advanced Battle Management System 
        will be aligned and coordinated with the Common Mission 
        Control Center of the Air Force.
    (e) Advanced Battle Management System Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``Advanced Battle Management System'' has the 
meaning given that term in section 236(c) of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
92; 133 Stat. 1281).
    (f) Conforming Repeal.--Section 147(g) of the John S. 
McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
(Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1670) is repealed.

SEC. 222. ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE FIELDING OF AIR FORCE HYPERSONIC 
                    CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Improvement of Ground-based Test Facilities.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall take such actions as may be 
necessary to improve ground-based test facilities used for the 
research, development, test, and evaluation of hypersonic 
capabilities.
    (b) Increasing Flight Test Rate.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall increase the rate at which hypersonic capabilities are 
flight tested to expedite the maturation and fielding of such 
capabilities.
    (c) Strategy and Plan.--Not later than 60 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Chief of Staff of the 
Air Force, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Research and Engineering, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a strategy and plan for fielding air-
launched and air-breathing hypersonic weapons capabilities 
within the period of three years following such date of 
enactment.
    (d) Report.--In addition to the strategy and plan required 
under subsection (c), not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in consultation with the Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation, shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the testing 
capabilities and infrastructure used for hypersonic weapons 
development. The report shall include--
            (1) an assessment of the sufficiency of the testing 
        capabilities and infrastructure used for fielding 
        hypersonic weapons; and
            (2) a description of any investments in testing 
        capabilities and infrastructure that may be required to 
        support in-flight and ground-based testing for such 
        weapons.

SEC. 223. DISCLOSURE OF FUNDING SOURCES IN APPLICATIONS FOR FEDERAL 
                    RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT AWARDS.

    (a) Disclosure Requirement.--Each Federal research agency 
shall require, as part of any application for a research and 
development award from such agency--
            (1) that each covered individual listed on the 
        application--
                    (A) disclose the amount, type, and source 
                of all current and pending research support 
                received by, or expected to be received by, the 
                individual as of the time of the disclosure;
                    (B) certify that the disclosure is current, 
                accurate, and complete; and
                    (C) agree to update such disclosure at the 
                request of the agency prior to the award of 
                support and at any subsequent time the agency 
                determines appropriate during the term of the 
                award; and
            (2) that any entity applying for such award certify 
        that each covered individual who is employed by the 
        entity and listed on the application has been made 
        aware of the requirements under paragraph (1).
    (b) Consistency.--The Director of the Office of Science and 
Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and 
Technology Council and in accordance with the authority 
provided under section 1746(a) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 42 
U.S.C. 6601 note) shall ensure that the requirements issued by 
Federal research agencies under subsection (a) are consistent.
    (c) Enforcement.--
            (1) Rejection for violation of law or agency 
        terms.--A Federal research agency may reject an 
        application for a research and development award if the 
        current and pending research support disclosed by an 
        individual under subsection (a) violates Federal law or 
        agency terms and conditions.
            (2) Enforcement for noncompliance.--Subject to 
        paragraph (3), in the event that a covered individual 
        listed on an entity's application for a research and 
        development award knowingly fails to disclose 
        information under subsection (a), a Federal research 
        agency may take one or more of the following actions:
                    (A) Reject the application.
                    (B) Suspend or terminate a research and 
                development award made by that agency to the 
                individual or entity.
                    (C) Temporarily or permanently discontinue 
                any or all funding from that agency for the 
                individual or entity.
                    (D) Temporarily or permanently suspend or 
                debar the individual or entity in accordance 
                with part 180 of title 2, Code of Federal 
                Regulations, any successor regulation, or any 
                other appropriate law or regulation, from 
                receiving government funding.
                    (E) Refer the failure to disclose under 
                subsection (a) to the Inspector General of the 
                agency concerned for further investigation or 
                to Federal law enforcement authorities to 
                determine whether any criminal or civil laws 
                were violated.
                    (F) Place the individual or entity in the 
                Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity 
                Information System for noncompliance to alert 
                other agencies.
                    (G) Take such other actions against the 
                individual or entity as are authorized under 
                applicable law or regulations.
            (3) Special rule for enforcement against 
        entities.--An enforcement action described in paragraph 
        (2) may be taken against an entity only in a case in 
        which--
                    (A) the entity did not meet the 
                requirements of subsection (a)(2);
                    (B) the entity knew that a covered 
                individual failed to disclose information under 
                subsection (a)(1) and the entity did not take 
                steps to remedy such nondisclosure before the 
                application was submitted; or
                    (C) the head of the Federal research agency 
                concerned determines that--
                            (i) the entity is owned, 
                        controlled, or substantially influenced 
                        by a covered individual; and
                            (ii) such individual knowingly 
                        failed to disclose information under 
                        subsection (a)(1).
            (4) Notice.--A Federal research agency that intends 
        to take action under paragraph (1) or (2) shall, as 
        practicable and in accordance with part 180 of title 2, 
        Code of Federal Regulations, any successor regulation, 
        or any other appropriate law or regulation, notify each 
        individual or entity subject to such action about the 
        specific reason for the action, and shall provide such 
        individuals and entities with the opportunity to, and a 
        process by which, to contest the proposed action.
            (5) Evidentiary standards.--A Federal research 
        agency seeking suspension or debarment under paragraph 
        (2)(D) shall abide by the procedures and evidentiary 
        standards set forth in part 180 of title 2, Code of 
        Federal Regulations, any successor regulation, or any 
        other appropriate law or regulation.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered individual'' means an 
        individual who--
                    (A) contributes in a substantive, 
                meaningful way to the scientific development or 
                execution of a research and development project 
                proposed to be carried out with a research and 
                development award from a Federal research 
                agency; and
                    (B) is designated as a covered individual 
                by the Federal research agency concerned.
            (2) The term ``current and pending research 
        support''--
                    (A) means all resources made available, or 
                expected to be made available, to an individual 
                in support of the individual's research and 
                development efforts, regardless of--
                            (i) whether the source of the 
                        resource is foreign or domestic;
                            (ii) whether the resource is made 
                        available through the entity applying 
                        for a research and development award or 
                        directly to the individual; or
                            (iii) whether the resource has 
                        monetary value; and
                    (B) includes in-kind contributions 
                requiring a commitment of time and directly 
                supporting the individual's research and 
                development efforts, such as the provision of 
                office or laboratory space, equipment, 
                supplies, employees, or students.
            (3) The term ``entity'' means an entity that has 
        applied for or received a research and development 
        award from a Federal research agency.
            (4) The term ``Federal research agency'' means any 
        Federal agency with an annual extramural research 
        expenditure of over $100,000,000.
            (5) The term ``research and development award'' 
        means support provided to an individual or entity by a 
        Federal research agency to carry out research and 
        development activities, which may include support in 
        the form of a grant, contract, cooperative agreement, 
        or other such transaction. The term does not include a 
        grant, contract, agreement or other transaction for the 
        procurement of goods or services to meet the 
        administrative needs of a Federal research agency.

SEC. 224. GOVERNANCE OF FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING IN THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Transition of 5G Wireless Networking to Operational 
Use.--
            (1) Transition plan required.--The Under Secretary 
        of Defense for Research and Engineering, in 
        consultation with the cross functional team established 
        under subsection (c), shall develop a plan to 
        transition fifth-generation (commonly known as ``5G'') 
        wireless technology to operational use within the 
        Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--The transition plan under paragraph 
        (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) A timeline for the transition of 
                responsibility for 5G wireless networking to 
                the Chief Information Officer, as required 
                under subsection (b)(1).
                    (B) A description of the roles and 
                responsibilities of the organizations and 
                elements of the Department of Defense with 
                respect to the acquisition, sustainment, and 
                operation of 5G wireless networking for the 
                Department, as determined by the Secretary of 
                Defense in accordance with subsection (d).
            (3) Interim briefing.--Not later than March 31, 
        2021 the Secretary of Defense shall provide to the 
        congressional defense committees a briefing on the 
        status of the plan required under paragraph (1).
            (4) Final report.--Not later than September 30, 
        2021, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report that includes 
        the plan developed under paragraph (1).
    (b) Senior Official for 5G Wireless Networking.--
            (1) Designation of chief information officer.--Not 
        later than October 1, 2023, the Secretary of Defense 
        shall designate the Chief Information Officer as the 
        senior official within Department of Defense with 
        primary responsibility for--
                    (A) policy, oversight, guidance, research, 
                and coordination on matters relating to 5G 
                wireless networking; and
                    (B) making proposals to the Secretary on 
                governance, management, and organizational 
                policy for 5G wireless networking.
            (2) Role of under secretary of defense for research 
        and engineering.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Research and Engineering shall carry out the 
        responsibilities specified in paragraph (1) until the 
        date on which the Secretary of Defense designates the 
        Chief Information Officer as the senior official 
        responsible for 5G wireless networking under such 
        paragraph.
    (c) Cross-functional Team for 5G Wireless Networking.--
            (1) Establishment.--Using the authority provided 
        under section 911(c) of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
        328; 10 U.S.C. 111 note), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall establish a cross-functional team for 5G wireless 
        networking.
            (2) Duties.--The duties of the cross-functional 
        team established under paragraph (1) shall be--
                    (A) to assist the Secretary of Defense in 
                determining the roles and responsibilities of 
                the organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense with respect to the 
                acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 5G 
                wireless networking, as required under 
                subsection (d);
                    (B) to assist the senior official 
                responsible for 5G wireless networking in 
                carrying out the responsibilities assigned to 
                such official under subsection (b);
                    (C) to oversee the implementation of the 
                strategy developed under section 254 of the 
                National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
                Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 2223a 
                note) for harnessing 5G wireless networking 
                technologies, coordinated across all relevant 
                elements of the Department;
                    (D) to advance the adoption of commercially 
                available, next-generation wireless 
                communication technologies, capabilities, 
                security, and applications by the Department 
                and the defense industrial base; and
                    (E) to support public-private partnerships 
                between the Department and industry on matters 
                relating to 5G wireless networking;
                    (F) to coordinate research and development, 
                implementation and acquisition activities, 
                warfighting concept development, spectrum 
                policy, industrial policy and commercial 
                outreach and partnership relating to 5G 
                wireless networking in the Department, and 
                interagency and international engagement;
                    (G) to integrate the Department's 5G 
                wireless networking programs and policies with 
                major initiatives, programs, and policies of 
                the Department relating to secure 
                microelectronics and command and control; and
                    (H) to oversee, coordinate, execute, and 
                lead initiatives to advance 5G wireless network 
                technologies and associated applications 
                developed for the Department.
            (3) Team leader.--The Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Research and Engineering shall lead the cross-
        functional team established under paragraph (1) until 
        the date on which the Secretary of Defense designates 
        the Chief Information Officer as the senior official 
        responsible for 5G wireless networking as required 
        under subsection (b)(1). Beginning on the date of such 
        designation, the Chief Information Officer shall lead 
        the cross functional team.
    (d) Determination of Organizational Roles and 
Responsibilities.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through the 
cross-functional team established under subsection (c), shall 
determine the roles and responsibilities of the organizations 
and elements of the Department of Defense with respect to the 
acquisition, sustainment, and operation of 5G wireless 
networking for the Department, including the roles and 
responsibilities of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the 
intelligence components of the Department, Defense Agencies and 
Department of Defense Field Activities, the Armed Forces, 
combatant commands, and the Joint Staff.
    (e) Briefing.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a briefing on the progress 
of the Secretary in--
            (1) establishing the cross-functional team under 
        subsection (c); and
            (2) determining the roles and responsibilities of 
        the organizations and elements of the Department of 
        Defense with respect to 5G wireless networking as 
        required under subsection (d).
    (f) 5G Procurement Decisions.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall be responsible for decisions relating to the 
procurement of 5G wireless technology for that department.
    (g) Telecommunications Security Program.--
            (1) Program required.--The Secretary of Defense 
        shall carry out a program to identify and mitigate 
        vulnerabilities in the 5G telecommunications 
        infrastructure of the Department of Defense.
            (2) Elements.--In carrying out the program under 
        paragraph (1), the Secretary shall--
                    (A) develop a capability to communicate 
                clearly and authoritatively about threats by 
                foreign adversaries;
                    (B) conduct independent red-team security 
                analysis of systems, subsystems, devices, and 
                components of the Department of Defense 
                including no-knowledge testing and testing with 
                limited or full knowledge of expected 
                functionalities;
                    (C) verify the integrity of personnel who 
                are tasked with design fabrication, 
                integration, configuration, storage, test, and 
                documentation of noncommercial 5G technology to 
                be used by the Department;
                    (D) verify the efficacy of the physical 
                security measures used at Department locations 
                where system design, fabrication, integration, 
                configuration, storage, test, and documentation 
                of 5G technology occurs;
                    (E) direct the Chief Information Officer to 
                assess, using existing government evaluation 
                models and schema where applicable, 5G core 
                service providers whose services will be used 
                by the Department through the Department's 
                provisional authorization process; and
                    (F) direct the Defense Information Systems 
                Agency and the United States Cyber Command to 
                develop a capability for continuous, 
                independent monitoring of non-commercial, 
                government-transiting packet streams for 5G 
                data on frequencies assigned to the Department 
                to validate the availability, confidentiality, 
                and integrity of the Department's 
                communications systems.
            (3) Implementation plan.--Not later than 90 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a plan 
        for the implementation of the program under paragraph 
        (1).
            (4) Report.--Not later than 270 days after 
        submitting the plan under paragraph (3), the Secretary 
        of Defense shall submit to Congress a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) a comprehensive assessment of the 
                findings and conclusions of the program under 
                paragraph (1);
                    (B) recommendations on how to mitigate 
                vulnerabilities in the telecommunications 
                infrastructure of the Department of Defense; 
                and
                    (C) an explanation of how the Department 
                plans to implement such recommendations.
    (h) Rule of Construction.--
            (1) In general.--Nothing in this section shall be 
        construed as providing the Chief Information Officer 
        immediate responsibility for the activities of the 
        Department of Defense in fifth-generation wireless 
        networking experimentation and science and technology 
        development.
            (2) Purview of experimentation and science and 
        technology development.--The activities described in 
        paragraph (1) shall remain within the purview of the 
        Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering, but shall inform and be informed by the 
        activities of the cross-functional team established 
        pursuant to subsection (c).

SEC. 225. DEMONSTRATION PROJECT ON USE OF CERTAIN TECHNOLOGIES FOR 
                    FIFTH-GENERATION WIRELESS NETWORKING SERVICES.

    (a) Demonstration Project.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
carry out a demonstration project to evaluate the maturity, 
performance, and cost of covered technologies to provide 
additional options for providers of fifth-generation wireless 
network services.
    (b) Location.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
demonstration project under subsection (a) in at least one 
location where the Secretary plans to deploy a fifth-generation 
wireless network.
    (c) Coordination.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
demonstration project under subsection (a) in coordination with 
at least one major wireless network service provider based in 
the United States.
    (d) Covered Technologies Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``covered technologies'' means--
            (1) a disaggregated or virtualized radio access 
        network and core in which components can be provided by 
        different vendors and interoperate through open 
        protocols and interfaces, including those protocols and 
        interfaces utilizing the Open Radio Access Network 
        (commonly known as ``Open RAN'' or ``oRAN'') approach; 
        and
            (2) one or more massive multiple-input, multiple-
        output radio arrays, provided by one or more companies 
        based in the United States, that have the potential to 
        compete favorably with radios produced by foreign 
        companies in terms of cost, performance, and 
        efficiency.

SEC. 226. RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, AND DEPLOYMENT OF TECHNOLOGIES TO 
                    SUPPORT WATER SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall research, 
develop, and deploy advanced water harvesting technologies to 
support and improve water sustainment within the Department of 
Defense and in geographic regions where the Department 
operates.
    (b) Required Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), 
the Secretary shall--
            (1) develop advanced water harvesting systems that 
        reduce weight and logistics support needs compared to 
        conventional water supply systems, including--
                    (A) modular water harvesting systems that 
                are easily transportable; and
                    (B) trailer mounted water harvesting 
                systems that reduce resupply needs;
            (2) develop and implement storage requirements for 
        water harvesting systems at forward operating bases; 
        and
            (3) establish cross functional teams to identify 
        geographic regions where the deployment of water 
        harvesting systems could reduce conflict and 
        potentially eliminate the need for the presence of the 
        Armed Forces.
    (c) Additional Activities.--In addition to the activities 
required under subsection (b), the Secretary shall--
            (1) seek to leverage existing water harvesting 
        techniques and technologies and apply such techniques 
        and technologies to military operations carried out by 
        the United States;
            (2) consider using commercially available off-the-
        shelf items (as defined in section 104 of title 41, 
        United States Code) and near-ready deployment 
        technologies to achieve cost savings and improve the 
        self sufficiency of warfighters; and
            (3) seek to enter into information sharing 
        arrangements with foreign militaries and other 
        organizations that have the proven ability to operate 
        in water constrained areas for the purpose of sharing 
        lessons learned and best practices relating to water 
        harvesting.
    (d) Implementation.--The Secretary shall deploy 
technologies developed under subsection (b)(1) for use by 
expeditionary forces not later than January 1, 2025.
    (e) Water Harvesting Defined.--In this section, the term 
``water harvesting'', when used with respect to a system or 
technology, means a system or technology that is capable of 
creating useable water by--
            (1) harvesting water from underutilized 
        environmental sources, such as by capturing water from 
        ambient humidity; or
            (2) recycling or otherwise reclaiming water that 
        has previously been used.

SEC. 227. LIMITATION ON CONTRACT AWARDS FOR CERTAIN UNMANNED VESSELS.

    (a) Limitation.--Not less than 30 days before awarding a 
contract using any funds from the Research, Development, Test, 
and Evaluation, Navy account for the purchase of a covered 
vessel, the Secretary of the Navy shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report and certification 
described in subsection (c) for such contract and covered 
vessel.
    (b) Covered Vessels.--For purposes of this section, a 
covered vessel is one of the following:
            (1) A large unmanned surface vessel (LUSV).
            (2) A medium unmanned surface vehicle (MUSV).
    (c) Report and Certification Described.--A report and 
certification described in this subsection regarding a contract 
for a covered vessel is--
            (1) a report--
                    (A) submitted to the congressional defense 
                committees not later than 60 days after the 
                date of the completion of an independent 
                technical risk assessment for such covered 
                vessel;
                    (B) on the findings and recommendations of 
                the Senior Technical Authority for the class of 
                naval vessels that includes the covered vessel 
                with respect to such assessment; and
                    (C) that includes such assessment; and
            (2) a certification, submitted to the congressional 
        defense committees with the report described in 
        paragraph (1), that certifies that--
                    (A) the Secretary has determined, in 
                conjunction with the Senior Technical Authority 
                for the class of naval vessels that includes 
                the covered vessel, that the critical mission, 
                hull, mechanical, and electrical subsystems of 
                the covered vessel--
                            (i) have been demonstrated in 
                        vessel-representative form, fit, and 
                        function; and
                            (ii) have achieved performance 
                        levels equal to or greater than 
                        applicable Department of Defense 
                        threshold requirements for such class 
                        of vessels or have maturation plans in 
                        place to achieve such performance 
                        levels prior to transition to a program 
                        of record, including a detailed 
                        description of such achieved 
                        performance or maturation plans; and
                    (B) such contract is necessary to meet 
                Department research, development, test, and 
                evaluation objectives for such covered vessel 
                that cannot otherwise be met through further 
                land-based subsystem prototyping or other 
                demonstration approaches.
    (d) Limitation on Weapon Integration.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary may not integrate 
        any offensive weapon system into a covered vessel until 
        the date that is 30 days after the date on which the 
        Secretary of the Defense certifies to the congressional 
        defense committees that such covered vessel--
                    (A) will comply with applicable laws, 
                including the law of armed conflict, with a 
                detailed explanation of how such compliance 
                will be achieved; and
                    (B) has been determined to be the most 
                appropriate surface vessel to meet applicable 
                offensive military requirements.
            (2) Completion of analysis of alternatives 
        required.--A determination under paragraph (1)(B) shall 
        be made only after the completion of an analysis of 
        alternatives that--
                    (A) is described in subsection (e)(1); and
                    (B) supports such determination.
    (e) Submittal of Analysis of Alternatives to Congress.--
            (1) Analysis of alternatives required.--Not later 
        than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees an analysis of alternatives 
        regarding covered vessels with an integrated offensive 
        weapon system and the most appropriate surface vessels 
        to meet applicable offensive military requirements.
            (2) Contents.--The analysis submitted under 
        paragraph (1) shall include, at a minimum, the 
        following elements:
                    (A) Identification of capability needs 
                applicable to such covered vessels, including 
                offensive strike capability and capacity from 
                the Mark-41 vertical launch system.
                    (B) Projected threats.
                    (C) Projected operational environments.
                    (D) Projected operational concepts.
                    (E) Projected operational requirements.
                    (F) Status quo (baseline) and surface 
                vessel alternatives able to meet the capability 
                needs identified in subparagraph (A), 
                including--
                            (i) modified naval vessel designs, 
                        including amphibious ships, 
                        expeditionary fast transports, and 
                        expeditionary sea bases;
                            (ii) modified commercial vessel 
                        designs, including container ships and 
                        bulk carriers;
                            (iii) new naval vessel designs; and
                            (iv) new commercial vessel designs.
                    (G) Vessel design, performance, and 
                measures of effectiveness of the baseline and 
                each alternative, including a description of 
                critical mission, hull, mechanical, and 
                electrical subsystems.
                    (H) Estimated research, development, test, 
                and evaluation cost of baseline and each 
                alternative.
                    (I) Estimated lead vessel and average 
                follow-on vessel procurement costs of baseline 
                and each alternative.
                    (J) Life-cycle costs of baseline and each 
                alternative.
                    (K) Life-cycle cost per baseline vessel and 
                each alternative vessel.
                    (L) Life-cycle cost per specified quantity 
                of baseline vessels and alternative vessels.
                    (M) Technology readiness assessment of 
                baseline and each alternative.
                    (N) Analysis of alternatives, including 
                relative cost and capability performance of 
                baseline and alternative vessels.
                    (O) Trade-off analysis.
                    (P) Sensitivity analysis.
                    (Q) Conclusions and recommendations, which 
                if the Secretary of Defense deems it 
                appropriate, shall include the determination 
                required under subsection (d)(1)(B).
    (f) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``critical mission, hull, mechanical, 
        and electrical subsystems'', with respect to a covered 
        vessel, includes the following subsystems:
                    (A) Command, control, communications, 
                computers, intelligence, surveillance, and 
                reconnaissance.
                    (B) Autonomous vessel navigation, vessel 
                control, contact management, and contact 
                avoidance.
                    (C) Communications security, including 
                cryptopgraphy, encryption, and decryption.
                    (D) Main engines, including the lube oil, 
                fuel oil, and other supporting systems.
                    (E) Electrical generation and distribution, 
                including supporting systems.
                    (F) Military payloads.
                    (G) Any other subsystem identified as 
                critical by the Senior Technical Authority for 
                the class of naval vessels that includes the 
                covered vessel.
            (2) The term ``Senior Technical Authority'' means, 
        with respect to a class of naval vessels, the Senior 
        Technical Authority designated for that class of naval 
        vessels under section 8669b of title 10, United States 
        Code.

      Subtitle C--Artificial Intelligence and Emerging Technology

SEC. 231. MODIFICATION OF BIANNUAL REPORT ON THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL 
                    INTELLIGENCE CENTER.

    Section 260(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1293) is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(11) The results of an assessment, conducted 
        biannually, on the efforts of the Center and the 
        Department of Defense to develop or contribute to the 
        development of standards for artificial intelligence, 
        including--
                    ``(A) a description of such efforts;
                    ``(B) an evaluation of the need to 
                incorporate standards for artificial 
                intelligence into the strategies and doctrine 
                of the Department and a description of any 
                efforts undertaken to further the development 
                and adoption of such standards;
                    ``(C) an explanation of any collaboration 
                on artificial intelligence standards 
                development with--
                            ``(i) other organizations and 
                        elements of the Department of Defense 
                        (including the Defense Agencies and the 
                        military departments);
                            ``(ii) agencies of the Federal 
                        Government;
                            ``(iii) the intelligence community;
                            ``(iv) representatives of the 
                        defense industrial base and other 
                        sectors of private industry; and
                            ``(v) any other agencies, entities, 
                        organizations, or persons the Secretary 
                        considers appropriate; and
                    ``(D) an explanation of any participation 
                by the Center and the Department of Defense in 
                international or other multi-stakeholder 
                standard-setting bodies.
            ``(12) For each member of the Armed Forces who 
        concluded a formal assignment supporting the Center in 
        the period of six months preceding the date of the 
        report, a position description of the billet that the 
        member transitioned into, as provided to the Center by 
        the Armed Force of the member within 30 days of 
        reassignment.
            ``(13) An annual update, developed in consultation 
        with the Armed Forces, on the status of active duty 
        members of the Armed Forces assigned to the Center. 
        This update shall include the following:
                    ``(A) An assessment of the effectiveness of 
                such assignments in strengthening the ties 
                between the Center and the Armed Forces for the 
                purposes of--
                            ``(i) identifying tactical and 
                        operational use cases for artificial 
                        intelligence;
                            ``(ii) improving data collection 
                        relating to artificial intelligence; 
                        and
                            ``(iii) establishing effective 
                        lines of communication between the 
                        Center and the Armed Forces to identify 
                        and address concerns from the Armed 
                        Forces relating to the widespread 
                        adoption and dissemination of 
                        artificial intelligence.
                    ``(B) A description of any efforts 
                undertaken to create opportunities for 
                additional nontraditional broadening 
                assignments at the Center for members of the 
                Armed Forces on active duty.
                    ``(C) An analysis of the career 
                trajectories of active duty members of the 
                Armed Forces assigned to the Center, including 
                any potential negative effects of such 
                assignment on the career trajectories of such 
                members.''.

SEC. 232. MODIFICATION OF JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE RESEARCH, 
                    DEVELOPMENT, AND TRANSITION ACTIVITIES.

    Section 238 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
U.S.C. 2358 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by inserting 
                ``acquire,'' before ``develop''; and
                    (B) by amending paragraph (2) to read as 
                follows:
            ``(2) Emphasis.--The set of activities established 
        under paragraph (1) shall include--
                    ``(A) acquisition and development of mature 
                artificial intelligence technologies in support 
                of defense missions;
                    ``(B) applying artificial intelligence and 
                machine learning solutions to operational 
                problems by directly delivering artificial 
                intelligence capabilities to the Armed Forces 
                and other organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense;
                    ``(C) accelerating the development, 
                testing, and fielding of new artificial 
                intelligence and artificial intelligence-
                enabling capabilities; and
                    ``(D) coordinating and deconflicting 
                activities involving artificial intelligence 
                and artificial intelligence-enabled 
                capabilities within the Department.'';
            (2) by striking subsection (e);
            (3) by redesignating subsections (c) and (d) as 
        subsections (d) and (e), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(c) Organization and Roles.--
            ``(1) Assignment of roles and responsibilities.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In addition to 
                designating an official under subsection (b), 
                the Secretary of Defense shall assign to 
                appropriate officials within the Department of 
                Defense roles and responsibilities relating to 
                the research, development, prototyping, 
                testing, procurement of, requirements for, and 
                operational use of artificial intelligence 
                technologies.
                    ``(B) Appropriate officials.--The officials 
                assigned roles and responsibilities under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include--
                            ``(i) the Under Secretary of 
                        Defense for Research and Engineering;
                            ``(ii) the Under Secretary of 
                        Defense for Acquisition and 
                        Sustainment;
                            ``(iii) the Director of the Joint 
                        Artificial Intelligence Center;
                            ``(iv) one or more officials in 
                        each military department;
                            ``(v) officials of appropriate 
                        Defense Agencies; and
                            ``(vi) such other officials as the 
                        Secretary of Defense determines 
                        appropriate.
            ``(2) Role of director of the joint artificial 
        intelligence center.--
                    ``(A) Direct report to deputy secretary of 
                defense.--During the covered period, the 
                Director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence 
                Center shall report directly to the Deputy 
                Secretary of Defense without intervening 
                authority.
                    ``(B) Continuation.--The Director of the 
                Joint Artificial Intelligence Center shall 
                continue to report to the Deputy Secretary of 
                Defense as described in subparagraph (A) after 
                the expiration of the covered period if, not 
                later than 30 days before such period expires, 
                the Deputy Secretary--
                            ``(i) determines that the Director 
                        should continue to report to Deputy 
                        Secretary without intervening 
                        authority; and
                            ``(ii) transmits notice of such 
                        determination to the congressional 
                        defense committees.
                    ``(C) Covered period defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `covered period' means the 
                period of two years beginning on the date of 
                the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
                Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2021.'';
            (5) in subsection (d), as so redesignated--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), in the matter 
                preceding subparagraph (A), by inserting 
                ``acquire,'' before ``develop'';
                    (B) in the heading of paragraph (2), by 
                striking ``development'' and inserting 
                ``acquisition, development''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (2)--
                            (i) in the matter preceding 
                        subparagraph (A), by striking ``To the 
                        degree practicable, the designated 
                        official'' and inserting ``The official 
                        designated under subsection (b)'';
                            (ii) in subparagraph (A), by 
                        striking ``development'' and inserting 
                        ``acquisition'';
                            (iii) by redesignating 
                        subparagraphs (H) and (I) as 
                        subparagraphs (J) and (K), 
                        respectively; and
                            (iv) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (G), the following new 
                        subparagraphs:
                    ``(H) develop standard data formats for the 
                Department that--
                            ``(i) aid in defining the relative 
                        maturity of datasets; and
                            ``(ii) inform best practices for 
                        cost and schedule computation, data 
                        collection strategies aligned to 
                        mission outcomes, and dataset 
                        maintenance practices;
                    ``(I) establish data and model usage 
                agreements and collaborative partnership 
                agreements for artificial intelligence product 
                development with each organization and element 
                of the Department, including each of the Armed 
                Forces;'';
            (6) in subsection (e), as so redesignated--
                    (A) by striking ``The Secretary shall'' and 
                inserting ``Not later than 180 days after the 
                date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
                Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act 
                for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall issue regulations to'';
                    (B) by striking ``the coordination 
                described in subsection (b) and the duties set 
                forth in subsection (c)'' and inserting ``the 
                duties set forth in subsection (d)''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                sentence: ``At a minimum, such access shall 
                ensure that the Director of the Joint 
                Artificial Intelligence Center has the ability 
                to discover, access, share, and appropriately 
                reuse data and models of the Armed Forces and 
                other organizations and elements of the 
                Department of Defense, build and maintain 
                artificial intelligence capabilities for the 
                Department, and execute the duties assigned to 
                the Director by the Secretary.''; and
            (7) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(h) Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Defined.--In 
this section, term `Joint Artificial Intelligence Center' means 
the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center of the Department of 
Defense established pursuant to the memorandum of the Secretary 
of Defense dated June 27, 2018, and titled `Establishment of 
the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center', or any successor to 
such Center.''.

SEC. 233. BOARD OF ADVISORS FOR THE JOINT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE 
                    CENTER.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish a board of advisors for the Joint Artificial 
Intelligence Center.
    (b) Duties.--The duties of the board of advisors shall 
include the following:
            (1) Provide independent strategic advice and 
        technical expertise to the Secretary and the Director 
        on matters relating to the development and use of 
        artificial intelligence by the Department of Defense.
            (2) Evaluate and advise the Secretary and the 
        Director on ethical matters relating to the development 
        and use of artificial intelligence by the Department.
            (3) Conduct long-term and long-range studies on 
        matters relating to artificial intelligence, as 
        required.
            (4) Evaluate and provide recommendations to the 
        Secretary and the Director regarding the Department's 
        development of a robust workforce proficient in 
        artificial intelligence.
            (5) Assist the Secretary and the Director in 
        developing strategic level guidance on artificial 
        intelligence-related hardware procurement, supply-chain 
        matters, and other technical matters relating to 
        artificial intelligence.
    (c) Membership.--The board of advisors shall be composed of 
appropriate experts from academic or private sector 
organizations outside the Department of Defense, who shall be 
appointed by the Secretary.
    (d) Chairperson.--The chairperson of the board of advisors 
shall be selected by the Secretary.
    (e) Meetings.--The board of advisors shall meet not less 
than once each fiscal quarter and may meet at other times at 
the call of the chairperson or a majority of its members.
    (f) Reports.--Not later than September 30 of each year 
through September 30, 2024, the board of advisors shall submit 
to the congressional defense committees a report that 
summarizes the activities of the board over the preceding year.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``artificial intelligence'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 238(g) of the John 
        S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal 
        Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note).
            (2) The term ``Director'' means the Director of the 
        Joint Artificial Intelligence Center.
            (3) The term ``Joint Artificial Intelligence 
        Center'' means the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center 
        of the Department of Defense established pursuant to 
        the memorandum of the Secretary of Defense dated June 
        27, 2018, and titled ``Establishment of the Joint 
        Artificial Intelligence Center'', or any successor to 
        such Center.
            (4) The term ``Secretary'' means the Secretary of 
        Defense.

SEC. 234. APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE TO THE DEFENSE REFORM 
                    PILLAR OF THE NATIONAL DEFENSE STRATEGY.

    (a) Identification of Use Cases.--The Secretary of Defense, 
acting through such officers and employees of the Department of 
Defense as the Secretary considers appropriate, including the 
chief data officers and chief management officers of the 
military departments, shall identify a set of no fewer than 
five use cases of the application of existing artificial 
intelligence enabled systems to support improved management of 
enterprise acquisition, personnel, audit, or financial 
management functions, or other appropriate management 
functions, that are consistent with reform efforts that support 
the National Defense Strategy.
    (b) Prototyping Activities Aligned to Use Cases.--The 
Secretary, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering and in coordination with the Director 
of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center and such other 
officers and employees as the Secretary considers appropriate, 
shall pilot technology development and prototyping activities 
that leverage commercially available technologies and systems 
to demonstrate new artificial intelligence enabled capabilities 
to support the use cases identified under subsection (a).
    (c) Briefing.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the 
Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
a briefing summarizing the activities carried out under this 
section.

SEC. 235. ACQUISITION OF ETHICALLY AND RESPONSIBLY DEVELOPED ARTIFICIAL 
                    INTELLIGENCE TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Assessment Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense, shall conduct an assessment to determine--
                    (A) whether the Department of Defense has 
                the ability, requisite resourcing, and 
                sufficient expertise to ensure that any 
                artificial intelligence technology acquired by 
                the Department is ethically and responsibly 
                developed; and
                    (B) how the Department can most effectively 
                implement ethical artificial intelligence 
                standards in acquisition processes and supply 
                chains.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment conducted under 
        paragraph (1) shall address the following:
                    (A) Whether there are personnel occupying 
                relevant roles within the Department of Defense 
                who have sufficient expertise, across multiple 
                disciplines (including ethical, legal, and 
                technical expertise)--
                            (i) to advise on the acquisition of 
                        artificial intelligence technology; and
                            (ii) to ensure the acquisition of 
                        ethically and responsibly developed 
                        artificial intelligence technology.
                    (B) The feasibility and advisability of 
                retaining outside experts as consultants to 
                assist the Department in strengthening capacity 
                and filling any gaps in expertise identified 
                under subparagraph (A).
                    (C) The extent to which existing 
                acquisition processes encourage or require 
                consultation with relevant experts across 
                multiple disciplines within the Department to 
                ensure that artificial intelligence technology 
                acquired by the Department is ethically and 
                responsibly developed.
                    (D) Quantitative and qualitative standards 
                for assessing the extent to which experts 
                across multiple disciplines are engaged in the 
                acquisition of artificial intelligence 
                technology by the department.
    (b) Briefing Required.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 30 days after the 
        date on which the Secretary of Defense completes the 
        assessment under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
        provide to the congressional defense committees a 
        briefing on the results of the assessment.
            (2) Elements.--The briefing under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, based on the results of the assessment--
                    (A) an explanation of whether the 
                Department of Defense has personnel, in the 
                proper roles and with sufficient expertise 
                across multiple disciplines, to ensure the 
                acquisition of ethically and responsibly 
                developed artificial intelligence technology;
                    (B) an explanation of whether the 
                Department has adequate procedures to encourage 
                or require the consultation of such experts as 
                part of the acquisition process for artificial 
                intelligence technology;
                    (C) an explanation of any procedures the 
                Department has in place to ensure that 
                activities involving artificial intelligence 
                are consistent with the Department's ethical 
                artificial intelligence standards; and
                    (D) with respect to any deficiencies 
                identified under subparagraph (A), (B), or (C), 
                a description of any measures that have been 
                taken, and any additional resources that may be 
                needed, to mitigate such deficiencies.

SEC. 236. STEERING COMMITTEE ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGY.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may establish 
a steering committee on emerging technology and national 
security threats (referred to in this section as the ``Steering 
Committee'').
    (b) Membership.--The Steering Committee shall be composed 
of the following:
            (1) The Deputy Secretary of Defense.
            (2) The Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
            (3) The Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence 
        and Security.
            (4) The Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering.
            (5) The Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel 
        and Readiness.
            (6) The Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
        and Sustainment.
            (7) The Chief Information Officer.
            (8) Such other officials of the Department of 
        Defense as the Secretary of Defense determines 
        appropriate.
    (c) Responsibilities.--The Steering Committee shall be 
responsible for--
            (1) developing a strategy for the organizational 
        change, concept and capability development, and 
        technology investments in emerging technologies that 
        are needed to maintain the technological superiority of 
        the United States military as outlined in the National 
        Defense Strategy;
            (2) providing assessments of emerging threats and 
        identifying investments and advances in emerging 
        technology areas undertaken by adversaries of the 
        United States;
            (3) making recommendations to the Secretary of 
        Defense on--
                    (A) the implementation of the strategy 
                developed under paragraph (1);
                    (B) steps that may be taken to address the 
                threats identified under paragraph (2);
                    (C) any changes to a program of record that 
                may be required to achieve the strategy under 
                paragraph (1);
                    (D) any changes to the Defense Planning 
                Guidance required by section 113(g)(2)(A) of 
                title 10, United States Code, that may be 
                required to achieve the strategy under 
                paragraph (1); and
                    (E) whether sufficient resources are 
                available for the research activities, 
                workforce, and infrastructure of the Department 
                of Defense to support the development of 
                capabilities to defeat emerging threats to the 
                United States; and
            (4) carrying out such other activities as are 
        assigned to the Steering Committee by the Secretary of 
        Defense.
    (d) Emerging Technology Defined.--In this section, the term 
``emerging technology'' means technology determined to be in an 
emerging phase of development by the Secretary, including 
quantum information science and technology, data analytics, 
artificial intelligence, autonomous technology, advanced 
materials, software, high performance computing, robotics, 
directed energy, hypersonics, biotechnology, medical 
technologies, and such other technology as may be identified by 
the Secretary.
    (e) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 
2024.

            Subtitle D--Education and Workforce Development

SEC. 241. MEASURING AND INCENTIVIZING PROGRAMMING PROFICIENCY.

    (a) In General.--Not later than two years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out the following activities:
            (1) Leverage existing civilian software development 
        and software architecture certification programs to 
        implement coding language proficiency and artificial 
        intelligence competency tests within the Department of 
        Defense that--
                    (A) measure an individual's competency in 
                using machine learning tools, in a manner 
                similar to the way the Defense Language 
                Proficiency Test measures competency in foreign 
                language skills;
                    (B) enable the identification of members of 
                the Armed Forces and civilian employees of the 
                Department of Defense who have varying levels 
                of quantified coding comprehension and skills 
                and a propensity to learn new programming 
                paradigms, algorithms, and data analytics; and
                    (C) include hands-on coding demonstrations 
                and challenges.
            (2) Update existing recordkeeping systems to track 
        artificial intelligence and programming certification 
        testing results in a manner that is comparable to the 
        system used for tracking and documenting foreign 
        language competency, and use that recordkeeping system 
        to ensure that workforce coding and artificial 
        intelligence comprehension and skills are taken into 
        consideration when making assignments.
            (3) Implement a system of rewards, including 
        appropriate incentive pay and retention incentives, for 
        members of the Armed Forces and civilian employees of 
        the Department of Defense who perform successfully on 
        specific language coding proficiency and artificial 
        intelligence competency tests and make their skills 
        available to the Department.
    (b) Information Sharing With Other Federal Agencies.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall share information on the activities 
carried out under subsection (a) with the Secretary of Homeland 
Security, the Attorney General, the Director of National 
Intelligence, and the heads of such other organizations of the 
intelligence community as the Secretary determines appropriate, 
for purposes of--
            (1) making information about the coding language 
        proficiency and artificial intelligence competency 
        tests developed under such subsection available to 
        other Federal national security agencies; and
            (2) encouraging the heads of such agencies to 
        implement tracking and reward systems that are 
        comparable to those implemented by the Department of 
        Defense pursuant to such subsection.
    (c) Special Pay for Programming Language Proficiency 
Beneficial for National Security Interests.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 81 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        1596b the following new section:

``Sec. 1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay for 
                    proficiency beneficial for national security 
                    interests

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, under the sole 
and exclusive discretion of the Secretary, may pay special pay 
under this section to an employee of the Department of Defense 
who--
            ``(1) has been certified by the Secretary to be 
        proficient in a computer or digital programming 
        language identified by the Secretary as being a 
        language in which proficiency by civilian personnel of 
        the Department is necessary because of national 
        security interests; and
            ``(2) is assigned duties requiring proficiency in 
        that programming language.
    ``(b) Rate.--The rate of special pay for an employee under 
this section shall be prescribed by the Secretary, but may not 
exceed 20 percent of the employee's rate of basic pay.
    ``(c) Relationship to Other Pay and Allowances.--Special 
pay under this section is in addition to any other pay or 
allowances to which the employee is entitled.
    ``(d) Regulations.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 81 of such title is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 1596b the 
        following new item:

``1596c. Programming language proficiency: special pay for proficiency 
          beneficial for national security interests.''.

SEC. 242. MODIFICATION OF SCIENCE, MATHEMATICS, AND RESEARCH FOR 
                    TRANSFORMATION (SMART) DEFENSE EDUCATION PROGRAM.

    Section 2192a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B)(i), by inserting ``, 
        including by serving on active duty in the Armed 
        Forces'' after ``Department'';
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking the 
                period at the end and inserting ``; and''; and
                    (C) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
            ``(3) may establish arrangements so that 
        participants may participate in a paid internship for 
        an appropriate period with an industry sponsor.''; and
            (3) in subsection (f)--
                    (A) by inserting ``(1)'' before ``The 
                Secretary''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall seek to enter into 
partnerships with minority institutions of higher education and 
appropriate public and private sector organizations to 
diversify the participants in the program under subsection 
(a).''.

SEC. 243. IMPROVEMENTS TO TECHNOLOGY AND NATIONAL SECURITY FELLOWSHIP 
                    OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Modification Regarding Basic Pay.--Subparagraph (A) of 
section 235(a)(4) of National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 10 U.S.C. 1580 note prec.) 
is amended to read as follows:
                    ``(A) shall be compensated at a rate of 
                basic pay that is not less than the minimum 
                rate of basic pay payable for a position at GS-
                10 of the General Schedule (subchapter III of 
                chapter 53 of title 5, United States Code) and 
                not more than the maximum rate of basic pay 
                payable for a position at GS-15 of such 
                Schedule; and''.
    (b) Background Checks.--Subsection (b) of such section is 
amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
            ``(3) Background check requirement.--No individual 
        may participate in the fellows program without first 
        undergoing a background check that the Secretary of 
        Defense considers appropriate for participation in the 
        program.''.

SEC. 244. MODIFICATION OF MECHANISMS FOR EXPEDITED ACCESS TO TECHNICAL 
                    TALENT AND EXPERTISE AT ACADEMIC INSTITUTIONS.

    Section 217 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 10 U.S.C. 2358 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                        2020'' and inserting ``William M. (Mac) 
                        Thornberry National Defense 
                        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
                        2021''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``not fewer than 
                        three'' and inserting ``not fewer than 
                        four'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (2) as 
                paragraph (3);
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (1) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(2) Coordination.--In carrying out paragraph (1), 
        the Secretary of Defense may act through the Defense 
        Advanced Research Projects Agency or any other 
        organization or element of the Department of Defense 
        the Secretary considers appropriate.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (3), as so redesignated, 
                by inserting ``training,'' after 
                ``management,'';
            (2) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) in paragraph (28) by striking 
                ``Infrastructure resilience'' and inserting 
                ``Additive manufacturing'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (30) as 
                paragraph (31); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (29) the 
                following new paragraph:
            ``(30) 3D and virtual technology training 
        platforms.'';
            (3) by redesignating subsections (f) and (g) as 
        subsection (g) and (h), respectively;
            (4) by inserting after subsection (e) the following 
        new subsection:
    ``(f) Requirement To Establish Consortia.--
            ``(1) In general.--In carrying out subsection 
        (a)(1)--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of Defense shall seek 
                to establish at least one multi-institution 
                consortium through the Office of the Secretary 
                of Defense;
                    ``(B) the Secretary of the Army shall seek 
                to establish at least one multi-institution 
                consortium through the Army;
                    ``(C) the Secretary of the Navy shall seek 
                to establish at least one multi-institution 
                consortium through the Navy; and
                    ``(D) the Secretary of the Air Force shall 
                seek to establish at least one multi-
                institution consortium through the Air Force.
            ``(2) Report required.--Not later than September 
        30, 2022, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        congressional defense committees a report on the status 
        of the efforts to establish consortia under paragraph 
        (1).''; and
            (5) in subsection (g), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``2022'' and inserting ``2026''.

SEC. 245. ENCOURAGEMENT OF CONTRACTOR SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, 
                    AND MATHEMATICS (STEM) PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
Research and Engineering, in coordination with the Under 
Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall 
develop programs and incentives to ensure that Department of 
Defense contractors take appropriate steps to--
            (1) enhance undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral 
        programs in science, technology, engineering, and 
        mathematics (in this section referred to as ``STEM'');
            (2) make investments, such as programming and 
        curriculum development, in STEM programs within 
        elementary schools and secondary schools;
            (3) encourage employees to volunteer in elementary 
        schools and secondary schools, including schools that 
        the Secretary of Defense determines serve high numbers 
        or percentages of students from low-income families or 
        that serve significant populations of military 
        dependents, in order to enhance STEM education and 
        programs;
            (4) establish partnerships with appropriate 
        entities, including institutions of higher education 
        for the purpose of training students in technical 
        disciplines;
            (5) make personnel available to advise and assist 
        in STEM educational activities aligned with functions 
        of the Department of Defense;
            (6) award scholarships and fellowships, and 
        establish work-based learning programs in scientific 
        disciplines;
            (7) conduct recruitment activities to enhance the 
        diversity of the STEM workforce; or
            (8) make internships available to students of 
        secondary schools, undergraduate, graduate, and 
        doctoral programs in STEM disciplines.
    (b) Award Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish procedures to recognize defense industry contractors 
that demonstrate excellence in supporting STEM education, 
partnerships, programming, and other activities to enhance 
participation in STEM fields.
    (c) Implementation.--Not later than 270 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Research and Engineering shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the steps taken to implement the 
requirements of this section.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The terms ``elementary school'' and ``secondary 
        school'' have the meanings given those terms in section 
        8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 
        1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801).
            (2) The term ``institution of higher education'' 
        has the meaning given such term in section 101 of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).
    (e) Conforming Repeal.--Section 862 of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 (Public Law 112-81; 10 
U.S.C. note prec. 2191) is repealed.

SEC. 246. TRAINING PROGRAM FOR HUMAN RESOURCES PERSONNEL IN BEST 
                    PRACTICES FOR TECHNICAL WORKFORCE.

    (a) Pilot Training Program.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense, acting through the Under Secretary of Defense 
        for Personnel and Readiness and the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Research and Engineering, shall develop and 
        implement a pilot program to provide covered human 
        resources personnel with training in public and private 
        sector best practices for attracting and retaining 
        technical talent.
            (2) Training areas.--The pilot program shall 
        include training in the authorities and procedures that 
        may be used to recruit technical personnel for 
        positions in the Department of Defense, including--
                    (A) appropriate direct hiring authorities;
                    (B) excepted service authorities;
                    (C) personnel exchange authorities;
                    (D) authorities for hiring special 
                government employees and highly qualified 
                experts;
                    (E) special pay authorities; and
                    (F) private sector best practices to 
                attract and retain technical talent.
            (3) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the 
        pilot program in contributing to the ability of the 
        Department of Defense to attract and retain technical 
        talent.
            (4) Plan required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        develop a plan for the implementation of the pilot 
        program.
    (b) Reports.--
            (1) Report on plan.--Not later than one year after 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report that sets forth the plan required 
        under subsection (a)(4).
            (2) Report on pilot program.--Not later than three 
        years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the results of the pilot 
        program.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered human resources personnel'' 
        means members of the Armed Forces and civilian 
        employees of the Department of Defense, including human 
        resources professionals, hiring managers, and 
        recruiters, who are responsible for hiring technical 
        talent.
            (2) The term ``technical talent'' means individuals 
        with expertise in high priority technical disciplines.
    (d) Termination.--The requirement to carry out the pilot 
program under this section shall terminate five years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 247. PILOT PROGRAM ON THE USE OF ELECTRONIC PORTFOLIOS TO EVALUATE 
                    CERTAIN APPLICANTS FOR TECHNICAL POSITIONS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--Beginning not later than one year after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall carry out a pilot program under which certain applicants 
for technical positions within the Department of Defense will 
be evaluated, in part, based on electronic portfolios of the 
applicant's work, as described in subsection (b).
    (b) Activities.--Under the pilot program, the human 
resources manager of each organization of the Department of 
Defense participating in the program, in consultation with 
relevant subject matter experts, shall--
            (1) identify a subset of technical positions for 
        which the evaluation of electronic portfolios would be 
        appropriate as part of the hiring process; and
            (2) as appropriate, assess applicants for such 
        positions by reviewing electronic portfolios of the 
        applicants' best work, as selected by the applicant 
        concerned.
    (c) Scope of Program.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out the pilot program under subsection (a) in--
            (1) the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center;
            (2) the Defense Digital Service;
            (3) at least one activity of each military 
        department, as identified by the Secretary of the 
        department concerned; and
            (4) such other organizations and elements of the 
        Department of Defense as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (d) Report.--Not later than two years after the 
commencement of the pilot program under subsection (a), the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report on the results of the program. At a 
minimum, the report shall--
            (1) describe how the use of electronic portfolios 
        in the hiring process affected the timeliness of the 
        hiring process for technical positions in organizations 
        of the Department of Defense participating in the 
        program;
            (2) assess the level of satisfaction of 
        organization leaders, hiring authorities, and subject 
        matter experts with the quality of applicants who were 
        hired based on evaluations of electronic portfolios;
            (3) identify other job series that could benefit 
        from the use of electronic portfolios in the hiring 
        process;
            (4) recommend whether the use of electronic 
        portfolios in the hiring process should be expanded or 
        made permanent; and
            (5) recommend any statutory, regulatory, or policy 
        changes required to support the goals of the pilot 
        program under subsection (a).
    (e) Technical Position Defined.--In this section, the term 
``technical position'' means a position in the Department of 
Defense that--
            (1) requires expertise in artificial intelligence, 
        data science, or software development; and
            (2) is eligible for direct hire authority under 
        section 9905 of title 5, United States Code, or section 
        2358a of title 10, United States Code.
    (f) Termination.--The authority to carry out the pilot 
program under subsection (a) shall terminate 5 years after the 
date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 248. PILOT PROGRAM ON SELF-DIRECTED TRAINING IN ADVANCED 
                    TECHNOLOGIES.

    (a) Online Courses.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry 
out a pilot program under which the Secretary makes available a 
list of approved online courses relating to advanced 
technologies that may be taken by civilian employees of the 
Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces on a 
voluntary basis while not engaged in the performance of their 
duties.
    (b) Procedures.--The Secretary shall establish procedures 
for the development, selection, approval, adoption, and 
evaluation of online courses under subsection (a) to ensure 
that such courses are supportive of the goals of this section 
and overall goals for the training and education of the 
civilian and military workforce of the Department of Defense.
    (c) Documentation of Completion.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall develop and implement a system--
            (1) to confirm whether a civilian employee of the 
        Department of Defense or member of the Armed Forces has 
        completed an online course approved by the Secretary 
        under subsection (a); and
            (2) to document the completion of such course by 
        such employee or member.
    (d) Incentives.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop and 
implement incentives to encourage civilian employees of the 
Department of Defense and members of the Armed Forces to 
complete online courses approved by the Secretary under 
subsection (a).
    (e) Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall develop 
metrics to evaluate whether, and to what extent, the pilot 
program under this section improves the ability of 
participants--
            (1) to perform job-related functions; and
            (2) to execute relevant missions of the Department 
        of Defense.
    (f) Advanced Technologies Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``advanced technologies'' means technologies that the 
Secretary of Defense determines to be in high-demand within the 
Department of Defense and to which significant research and 
development efforts are devoted, including technologies such as 
artificial intelligence, data science, machine learning, fifth-
generation telecommunications technology, and biotechnology.
    (g) Deadline.--The Secretary of Defense shall carry out the 
activities described in subsections (a) through (e) not later 
than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (h) Sunset.--This section shall terminate on October 1, 
2024.

SEC. 249. PART-TIME AND TERM EMPLOYMENT OF UNIVERSITY FACULTY AND 
                    STUDENTS IN THE DEFENSE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                    ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Program Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall establish a program under which opportunities for part-
time and term employment are made available in the Defense 
science and technology enterprise for faculty and students of 
institutions of higher education for the purpose of enabling 
such faculty and students to carry out research projects in 
accordance with subsection (b).
    (b) Research Projects.--
            (1) Faculty.--A faculty member who is employed in 
        position made available under subsection (a) shall, in 
        the course of such employment, carry out a research 
        project that--
                    (A) relates to a topic in the field of 
                science, technology, engineering, or 
                mathematics; and
                    (B) contributes to the objectives of the 
                Department of Defense, as determined by the 
                Secretary of Defense.
            (2) Students.--A student employed in position made 
        available under subsection (a) shall assist a faculty 
        member with a research project described in paragraph 
        (1).
    (c) Selection of Participants.--The Secretary of Defense, 
acting through the heads of participating organizations in the 
Defense science and technology enterprise, shall select 
individuals for participation in the program under subsection 
(a) as follows:
            (1) Faculty members shall be selected for 
        participation on the basis of--
                    (A) the academic credentials and research 
                experience of the faculty member; and
                    (B) the extent to which the research 
                proposed to be carried out by the faculty 
                member will contribute to the objectives of the 
                Department of Defense.
            (2) Students shall be selected to assist with a 
        research project under the program on the basis of--
                    (A) the academic credentials and other 
                qualifications of the student; and
                    (B) the student's ability to fulfill the 
                responsibilities assigned to the student as 
                part of the project.
    (d) Minimum Number of Positions.--
            (1) In general.--During the first year of the 
        program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense 
        shall establish not fewer than 10 part-time or term 
        positions for faculty.
            (2) Artificial intelligence and machine learning.--
        Of the positions established under paragraph (1), not 
        fewer than five such positions shall be reserved for 
        faculty who will conduct research in the area of 
        artificial intelligence and machine learning.
    (e) Authorities.--In carrying out the program under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense, or the head of an 
organization in the Defense science and technology enterprise, 
as applicable, may--
            (1) use any hiring authority available to the 
        Secretary or the head of such organization, including--
                    (A) any hiring authority available under a 
                laboratory demonstration program, including the 
                hiring authority provided under section 2358a 
                of title 10, United States Code;
                    (B) direct hiring authority under section 
                1599h of title 10, United States Code; and
                    (C) expert hiring authority under section 
                3109 of title 5, United States Code;
            (2) enter into cooperative research and development 
        agreements under section 12 of the Stevenson-Wydler 
        Technology Innovation Act of 1980 (15 U.S.C. 3710a) to 
        enable the sharing of research and expertise with 
        institutions of higher education and the private 
        sector; and
            (3) pay referral bonuses to faculty or students 
        participating in the program who identify--
                    (A) students to assist in a research 
                project under the program; or
                    (B) students or recent graduates to 
                participate in other programs in the Defense 
                science and technology enterprise, including 
                internships at Department of Defense 
                laboratories and in the Pathways Program of the 
                Department.
    (f) Annual Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 30 days after 
        the conclusion of the first year of the program under 
        subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit 
        to the congressional defense committees a report on the 
        status of the program. The report shall include--
                    (A) identification of the number of faculty 
                and students employed under the program;
                    (B) identification of the organizations in 
                the Defense science and technology enterprise 
                that employed such individuals; and
                    (C) a description of the types of research 
                conducted by such individuals.
            (2) Subsequent reports.--Not later than 30 days 
        after the conclusion of the second and third years of 
        the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
        Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the progress of the program. 
        Each report shall include--
                    (A) the information described in 
                subparagraphs (A) through (C) of paragraph (1);
                    (B) the results of any research projects 
                conducted under the program; and
                    (C) the number of students and recent 
                graduates who, pursuant to a reference from a 
                faculty member or student participating in the 
                program as described in subsection (e)(3), were 
                hired by the Department of Defense or selected 
                for participation in another program in the 
                Defense science and technology enterprise.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Defense science and technology 
        enterprise'' means--
                    (A) the research organizations of the 
                military departments;
                    (B) the science and technology reinvention 
                laboratories (as designated under section 1105 
                of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
                Fiscal Year 2010 (Public Law 111-84; 10 U.S.C. 
                2358 note));
                    (C) the facilities of the Major Range and 
                Test Facility Base (as defined in section 
                2358a(f)(3) of title 10, United States Code); 
                and
                    (D) the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency.
            (2) The term ``faculty'' means an individual who 
        serves as a professor, researcher, or instructor at an 
        institution of higher education.
            (3) The term ``institution of higher education'' 
        has the meaning given that term in section 101 of the 
        Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001).

SEC. 250. NATIONAL SECURITY WORKFORCE AND EDUCATIONAL DIVERSITY 
                    ACTIVITIES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall seek to 
diversify participation in the Science, Mathematics, and 
Research for Transformation (SMART) Defense Education Program 
under section 2192a of title 10, United States Code.
    (b) Activities.--In carrying out subsection (a), the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) subject to the availability of appropriations 
        for this purpose, set aside funds for financial 
        assistance, scholarships, and fellowships for students 
        at historically Black colleges or universities or at 
        minority institutions of higher education and such 
        other institutions as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate;
            (2) partner with institutions of higher education, 
        and such other public and private sector organizations 
        as the Secretary considers appropriate, to increase 
        diversity of participants in the program described in 
        subsection (a);
            (3) establish individual and organizational 
        incentives, and such other activities as the Secretary 
        considers appropriate, to increase diversity of student 
        participation in the program described in subsection 
        (a);
            (4) increase awareness of opportunities to 
        participate in the program described in subsection (a);
            (5) evaluate the potential for new programs, 
        fellowships, and other activities at historically Black 
        colleges or universities and minority institutions of 
        higher education to increase diversity in educational 
        and workforce development programs;
            (6) identify potential changes to the program 
        described in subsection (a) that would improve 
        diversity of participants in such program; and
            (7) establish metrics to evaluate success of 
        activities under this section.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2024, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees a report that evaluates the success of activities 
conducted by the Secretary in increasing diversity in 
appropriate programs of the Department of Defense and hiring 
and retaining diverse individuals in the science, mathematics, 
and research workforce of the public sector.

SEC. 251. COORDINATION OF SCHOLARSHIP AND EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS OF THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Establishment or Designation of Organization.--The 
Secretary of Defense shall establish or designate an 
organization within the Department of Defense which shall have 
primary responsibility for building cohesion and collaboration 
across the various scholarship and employment programs of the 
Department.
    (b) Duties.--The organization established or designated 
under subsection (a) shall have the following duties:
            (1) To establish an interconnected network and 
        database across the scholarship and employment programs 
        of the Department.
            (2) To aid in matching scholarships to individuals 
        pursuing courses of study in high demand skill areas.
            (3) To build a network of current and former 
        program participants for potential engagement or 
        employment with Department activities.
    (c) Annual Listing.--On an annual basis, the organization 
established or designated under subsection (a) shall publish, 
on a publicly accessible website of the Department, a listing 
of scholarship and employment programs carried out by the 
Department.

SEC. 252. STUDY ON MECHANISMS FOR ATTRACTING AND RETAINING HIGH QUALITY 
                    TALENT IN THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall enter 
into an agreement with an independent academic institution to 
conduct a study to develop policy options and recommendations 
for the establishment of a program to attract and retain 
covered individuals for employment in the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The study required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) An analysis of mechanisms the Department may 
        use to engage public and private sector organizations 
        to assist in the identification and recruitment of 
        covered individuals for employment in the Department of 
        Defense.
            (2) Identification of statutory, regulatory, and 
        organizational barriers to the development of the 
        program described in subsection (a).
            (3) An analysis of monetary and nonmonetary 
        incentives that may be provided to retain covered 
        individuals in positions in the Department.
            (4) An analysis of methods that may be implemented 
        to ensure appropriate vetting of covered individuals.
            (5) An analysis of the size of a program required 
        to advance the competitiveness of the research, 
        development, test, and evaluation efforts of the 
        Department in the critical technologies identified in 
        the National Defense Strategy.
            (6) The type and amount of resources required to 
        implement the program described in subsection (a).
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than February 1, 
        2021, the Secretary shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the plan of the 
        Secretary to execute the study required under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Final report.--Not later than February 1, 2022, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the results of the study 
        conducted under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Individual Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered individual'' means an individual who--
            (1) is engaged in work to promote and protect the 
        national security of the United States;
            (2) is engaged in basic or applied research, funded 
        by the Department of Defense; and
            (3) possesses scientific or technical expertise 
        that will advance the development of critical 
        technologies identified in the National Defense 
        Strategy or the National Defense Science and Technology 
        Strategy, required by section 218 of the John S. McCain 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 
        (Public Law 115-232; 132 Stat. 1679).

                   Subtitle E--Sustainable Chemistry

SEC. 261. NATIONAL COORDINATING ENTITY FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) Establishment.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
of enactment of this title, the Director of the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy shall convene an interagency 
entity (referred to in this subtitle as the ``Entity'') under 
the National Science and Technology Council with the 
responsibility to coordinate Federal programs and activities in 
support of sustainable chemistry, including those described in 
sections 263 and 264.
    (b) Coordination With Existing Groups.--In convening the 
Entity, the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy shall consider overlap and possible coordination with 
existing committees, subcommittees, or other groups of the 
National Science and Technology Council, such as--
            (1) the Committee on Environment;
            (2) the Committee on Technology;
            (3) the Committee on Science; or
            (4) related groups or subcommittees.
    (c) Co-chairs.--The Entity shall be co-chaired by the 
Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and a 
representative from the Environmental Protection Agency, the 
National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National 
Science Foundation, or the Department of Energy, as selected by 
the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy.
    (d) Agency Participation.--The Entity shall include 
representatives, including subject matter experts, from the 
Environmental Protection Agency, the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology, the National Science Foundation, the 
Department of Energy, the Department of Agriculture, the 
Department of Defense, the National Institutes of Health, the 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug 
Administration, and other related Federal agencies, as 
appropriate.
    (e) Termination.--The Entity shall terminate on the date 
that is 10 years after the date of the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 262. STRATEGIC PLAN FOR SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) Strategic Plan.--Not later than 2 years after the date 
of the enactment of this subtitle, the Entity shall--
            (1) consult with relevant stakeholders, including 
        representatives from industry, academia, national labs, 
        the Federal Government, and international entities, to 
        develop and update, as needed, a consensus definition 
        of ``sustainable chemistry'' to guide the activities 
        under this subtitle;
            (2) develop a working framework of attributes 
        characterizing, and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
        chemistry, as described in subsection (b);
            (3) assess the state of sustainable chemistry in 
        the United States as a key benchmark from which 
        progress under the activities described in this title 
        can be measured, including assessing key sectors of the 
        United States economy, key technology platforms, 
        commercial priorities, and barriers to innovation;
            (4) coordinate and support Federal research, 
        development, demonstration, technology transfer, 
        commercialization, education, and training efforts in 
        sustainable chemistry, including budget coordination 
        and support for public-private partnerships, as 
        appropriate;
            (5) identify any Federal regulatory barriers to, 
        and opportunities for, Federal agencies facilitating 
        the development of incentives for development, 
        consideration, and use of sustainable chemistry 
        processes and products;
            (6) identify major scientific challenges, 
        roadblocks, and hurdles to transformational progress in 
        improving the sustainability of the chemical sciences; 
        and
            (7) review, identify, and make effort to eliminate 
        duplicative Federal funding and duplicative Federal 
        research in sustainable chemistry.
    (b) Characterizing and Assessing Sustainable Chemistry.--
The Entity shall develop a working framework of attributes 
characterizing, and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
chemistry for the purposes of carrying out this subtitle. In 
developing this framework, the Entity shall--
            (1) seek advice and input from stakeholders as 
        described in subsection (c);
            (2) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
        chemistry already in use at Federal agencies;
            (3) consider existing definitions of, or frameworks 
        characterizing and metrics for assessing, sustainable 
        chemistry already in use by international organizations 
        of which the United States is a member, such as the 
        Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; 
        and
            (4) consider any other appropriate existing 
        definitions of, or frameworks characterizing and 
        metrics for assessing, sustainable chemistry.
    (c) Consultation.--In carrying out the duties described in 
subsections (a) and (b), the Entity shall consult with 
stakeholders qualified to provide advice and information to 
guide Federal activities related to sustainable chemistry 
through workshops, requests for information, or other 
mechanisms as necessary. The stakeholders shall include 
representatives from--
            (1) business and industry, including trade 
        associations and small- and medium-sized enterprises 
        from across the value chain;
            (2) the scientific community, including the 
        National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine, scientific professional societies, national 
        labs, and academia;
            (3) the defense community;
            (4) State, tribal, and local governments, including 
        nonregulatory State or regional sustainable chemistry 
        programs, as appropriate;
            (5) nongovernmental organizations; and
            (6) other appropriate organizations.
    (d) Report to Congress.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Entity shall 
        submit a report to the Committee on Environment and 
        Public Works, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and 
        Transportation, the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry, the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the Senate, and the Committee on 
        Science, Space, and Technology, the Committee on Energy 
        and Commerce, the Committee on Agriculture, the 
        Committee on Education and Labor, and the Committee on 
        Appropriations of the House of Representatives. In 
        addition to the elements described in subsections (a) 
        and (b), the report shall include--
                    (A) a summary of federally funded 
                sustainable chemistry research, development, 
                demonstration, technology transfer, 
                commercialization, education, and training 
                activities;
                    (B) a summary of the financial resources 
                allocated to sustainable chemistry initiatives 
                by each participating agency;
                    (C) an assessment of the current state of 
                sustainable chemistry in the United States, 
                including the role that Federal agencies are 
                playing in supporting it;
                    (D) an analysis of the progress made toward 
                achieving the goals and priorities of this 
                subtitle, and recommendations for future 
                program activities;
                    (E) an evaluation of steps taken and future 
                strategies to avoid duplication of efforts, 
                streamline interagency coordination, facilitate 
                information sharing, and spread best practices 
                among participating agencies; and
                    (F) an evaluation of duplicative Federal 
                funding and duplicative Federal research in 
                sustainable chemistry, efforts undertaken by 
                the Entity to eliminate duplicative funding and 
                research, and recommendations on how to achieve 
                these goals.
            (2) Submission to gao.--The Entity shall also 
        submit the report described in paragraph (1) to the 
        Comptroller General of the United States for 
        consideration in future Congressional inquiries.
            (3) Additional reports.--The Entity shall submit a 
        report to Congress and the Comptroller General of the 
        United States that incorporates the information 
        described in subparagraphs (A), (B), (D), (E), and (F) 
        of paragraph (1) every 3 years, commencing after the 
        initial report is submitted until the Entity 
        terminates.

SEC. 263. AGENCY ACTIVITIES IN SUPPORT OF SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity 
shall carry out activities in support of sustainable chemistry, 
as appropriate to the specific mission and programs of each 
agency.
    (b) Activities.--The activities described in subsection (a) 
shall--
            (1) incorporate sustainable chemistry into existing 
        research, development, demonstration, technology 
        transfer, commercialization, education, and training 
        programs, that the agency determines to be relevant, 
        including consideration of--
                    (A) merit-based competitive grants to 
                individual investigators and teams of 
                investigators, including, to the extent 
                practicable, early career investigators, for 
                research and development;
                    (B) grants to fund collaborative research 
                and development partnerships among 
                universities, industry, and nonprofit 
                organizations;
                    (C) coordination of sustainable chemistry 
                research, development, demonstration, and 
                technology transfer conducted at Federal 
                laboratories and agencies;
                    (D) incentive prize competitions and 
                challenges in coordination with such existing 
                Federal agency programs; and
                    (E) grants, loans, and loan guarantees to 
                aid in the technology transfer and 
                commercialization of sustainable chemicals, 
                materials, processes, and products;
            (2) collect and disseminate information on 
        sustainable chemistry research, development, technology 
        transfer, and commercialization, including information 
        on accomplishments and best practices;
            (3) expand the education and training of students 
        at appropriate levels of education, professional 
        scientists and engineers, and other professionals 
        involved in all aspects of sustainable chemistry and 
        engineering appropriate to that level of education and 
        training, including through--
                    (A) partnerships with industry as described 
                in section 264;
                    (B) support for the integration of 
                sustainable chemistry principles into chemistry 
                and chemical engineering curriculum and 
                research training, as appropriate to that level 
                of education and training; and
                    (C) support for integration of sustainable 
                chemistry principles into existing or new 
                professional development opportunities for 
                professionals including teachers, faculty, and 
                individuals involved in laboratory research 
                (product development, materials specification 
                and testing, life cycle analysis, and 
                management);
            (4) as relevant to an agency's programs, examine 
        methods by which the Federal agencies, in collaboration 
        and consultation with the National Institute of 
        Standards and Technology, may facilitate the 
        development or recognition of validated, standardized 
        tools for performing sustainability assessments of 
        chemistry processes or products;
            (5) through programs identified by an agency, 
        support, including through technical assistance, 
        participation, financial support, communications tools, 
        awards, or other forms of support, outreach and 
        dissemination of sustainable chemistry advances such as 
        non-Federal symposia, forums, conferences, and 
        publications in collaboration with, as appropriate, 
        industry, academia, scientific and professional 
        societies, and other relevant groups;
            (6) provide for public input and outreach to be 
        integrated into the activities described in this 
        section by the convening of public discussions, through 
        mechanisms such as public meetings, consensus 
        conferences, and educational events, as appropriate;
            (7) within each agency, develop or adapt metrics to 
        track the outputs and outcomes of the programs 
        supported by that agency; and
            (8) incentivize or recognize actions that advance 
        sustainable chemistry products, processes, or 
        initiatives, including through the establishment of a 
        nationally recognized awards program through the 
        Environmental Protection Agency to identify, publicize, 
        and celebrate innovations in sustainable chemistry and 
        chemical technologies.
    (c) Limitations .--Financial support provided under this 
section shall--
            (1) be available only for pre-competitive 
        activities; and
            (2) not be used to promote the sale of a specific 
        product, process, or technology, or to disparage a 
        specific product, process, or technology.

SEC. 264. PARTNERSHIPS IN SUSTAINABLE CHEMISTRY.

    (a) In General.--The agencies participating in the Entity 
may facilitate and support, through financial, technical, or 
other assistance, the creation of partnerships between 
institutions of higher education, nongovernmental 
organizations, consortia, or companies across the value chain 
in the chemical industry, including small- and medium-sized 
enterprises, to--
            (1) create collaborative sustainable chemistry 
        research, development, demonstration, technology 
        transfer, and commercialization programs; and
            (2) train students and retrain professional 
        scientists, engineers, and others involved in materials 
        specification on the use of sustainable chemistry 
        concepts and strategies by methods, including--
                    (A) developing or recognizing curricular 
                materials and courses for undergraduate and 
                graduate levels and for the professional 
                development of scientists, engineers, and 
                others involved in materials specification; and
                    (B) publicizing the availability of 
                professional development courses in sustainable 
                chemistry and recruiting professionals to 
                pursue such courses.
    (b) Private Sector Participation.--To be eligible for 
support under this section, a partnership in sustainable 
chemistry shall include at least one private sector 
organization.
    (c) Selection of Partnerships.--In selecting partnerships 
for support under this section, the agencies participating in 
the Entity shall also consider the extent to which the 
applicants are willing and able to demonstrate evidence of 
support for, and commitment to, the goals outlined in the 
strategic plan and report described in section 262.
    (d) Prohibited Use of Funds.--Financial support provided 
under this section may not be used--
            (1) to support or expand a regulatory chemical 
        management program at an implementing agency under a 
        State law;
            (2) to construct or renovate a building or 
        structure; or
            (3) to promote the sale of a specific product, 
        process, or technology, or to disparage a specific 
        product, process, or technology.

SEC. 265. PRIORITIZATION.

    In carrying out this subtitle, the Entity shall focus its 
support for sustainable chemistry activities on those that 
achieve, to the highest extent practicable, the goals outlined 
in the subtitle.

SEC. 266. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.

    Nothing in this subtitle shall be construed to alter or 
amend any State law or action with regard to sustainable 
chemistry, as defined by the State.

SEC. 267. MAJOR MULTI-USER RESEARCH FACILITY PROJECT.

    Section 110 of the American Innovation and Competitiveness 
Act (42 U.S.C. 1862s-2) is amended by striking (g)(2) and 
inserting the following:
            ``(2) Major multi-user research facility project.--
        The term `major multi-user research facility project' 
        means a science and engineering facility project that 
        exceeds $100,000,000 in total construction, 
        acquisition, or upgrade costs to the Foundation.''.

             Subtitle F--Plans, Reports, and Other Matters

SEC. 271. MODIFICATION TO ANNUAL REPORT OF THE DIRECTOR OF OPERATIONAL 
                    TEST AND EVALUATION.

    Section 139(h)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by striking ``Engineering,,'' and inserting 
        ``Engineering,''; and
            (2) by striking ``, through January 31, 2025'' and 
        inserting ``, through January 31, 2026''.

SEC. 272. MODIFICATION TO TEST RESOURCE MANAGEMENT CENTER STRATEGIC 
                    PLAN REPORTING CYCLE AND CONTENTS.

    (a) Quadrennial Strategic Plan.--Section 196 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsections (c)(1)(C) and (e)(2)(B), by 
        inserting ``quadrennial'' before ``strategic plan''; 
        and
            (2) in subsection (d)--
                    (A) in the heading, by inserting 
                ``Quadrennial'' before ``Strategic Plan''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``quadrennial'' before 
                ``strategic plan'' each place it occurs.
    (b) Timing and Coverage of Plan.--Subsection (d)(1) of such 
section, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is further amended, 
in the first sentence, by striking ``two fiscal years'' and 
inserting ``four fiscal years, and within one year after 
release of the National Defense Strategy,''.
    (c) Amendment to Contents of Plan.--Subsection (d)(2)(C) of 
such section is amended by striking ``based on current'' and 
all that follows through the end and inserting ``for test and 
evaluation of the Department of Defense major weapon systems 
based on current and emerging threats.''.
    (d) Annual Update to Plan.--Subsection (d) of such section 
is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph:
    ``(5)(A) In addition to the quadrennial strategic plan 
completed under paragraph (1), the Director of the Department 
of Defense Test Resource Management Center shall also complete 
an annual update to the quadrennial strategic plan.
    ``(B) Each annual update completed under subparagraph (A) 
shall include the following:
            ``(i) A summary of changes to the assessment 
        provided in the most recent quadrennial strategic plan.
            ``(ii) Comments and recommendations the Director 
        considers appropriate.
            ``(iii) Test and evaluation challenges raised since 
        the completion of the most recent quadrennial strategic 
        plan.
            ``(iv) Actions taken or planned to address such 
        challenges.''.
    (e) Technical Correction.--Subsection (d)(1) of such, as 
amended by subsections (a)(2) and (b), is further amended by 
striking ``Test Resources Management Center'' and inserting 
``Test Resource Management Center''.

SEC. 273. MODIFICATION OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO ENERGETICS PLAN TO 
                    INCLUDE ASSESSMENT OF FEASIBILITY AND ADVISABILITY 
                    OF ESTABLISHING A PROGRAM OFFICE FOR ENERGETICS.

    Section 253(a) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (133 Stat. 1287; Public Law 116-92) is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' and 
        inserting a semicolon; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period and 
        inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(4) assesses the feasibility and advisability of 
        establishing a program office--
                    ``(A) to coordinate energetics research; 
                and
                    ``(B) to ensure a robust and sustained 
                energetics material enterprise.''.

SEC. 274. ELEMENT IN ANNUAL REPORTS ON CYBER SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 
                    ACTIVITIES ON WORK WITH ACADEMIC CONSORTIA ON HIGH 
                    PRIORITY CYBERSECURITY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES IN 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CAPABILITIES.

    Section 257(b)(2) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1291) is 
amended by adding at end the following new subparagraph:
                    ``(J) Efforts to work with academic 
                consortia on high priority cybersecurity 
                research activities.''.

SEC. 275. REPEAL OF QUARTERLY UPDATES ON THE OPTIONALLY MANNED FIGHTING 
                    VEHICLE PROGRAM.

    Section 261 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1294) is 
repealed.

SEC. 276. MICROELECTRONICS AND NATIONAL SECURITY.

    Section 231 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 10 U.S.C. 2302 note) is 
amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by inserting ``, in collaboration with 
                the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
                and Sustainment, the Under Secretary for 
                Research and Engineering, and the Director of 
                the Defense Advanced Research Projects 
                Agency,'' after ``shall''; and
                    (B) by striking ``September 30, 2019'' and 
                inserting ``June 1, 2021'';
            (2) in subsection (b), by adding at the end the 
        following new paragraphs:
            ``(10) An approach to ensuring the continuing 
        production of cutting-edge microelectronics for 
        national security needs, including access to state-of-
        the-art node sizes through commercial manufacturing, 
        heterogeneous integration, advantaged sensor 
        manufacturing, boutique chip designs, and variable 
        volume production capabilities.
            ``(11) An assessment of current microelectronics 
        supply chain management best practices, including--
                    ``(A) intellectual property controls;
                    ``(B) international standards;
                    ``(C) guidelines of the National Institute 
                of Standards and Technology;
                    ``(D) product traceability and provenance; 
                and
                    ``(E) location of design, manufacturing, 
                and packaging facilities.
            ``(12) An assessment of existing risks to the 
        current microelectronics supply chain.
            ``(13) A description of actions that may be carried 
        out by the defense industrial base to implement best 
        practices described in paragraph (11) and mitigate 
        risks described in paragraph (12).
            ``(14) A plan for increasing commercialization of 
        intellectual property developed by the Department of 
        Defense for commercial microelectronics research and 
        development.
            ``(15) An assessment of the feasibility, 
        usefulness, efficacy, and cost of--
                    ``(A) developing a national laboratory 
                exclusively focused on the research and 
                development of microelectronics to serve as a 
                center for Federal Government expertise in 
                high-performing, trusted microelectronics and 
                as a hub for Federal Government research into 
                breakthrough microelectronics-related 
                technologies; and
                    ``(B) incorporating into such national 
                laboratory a commercial incubator to provide 
                early-stage microelectronics startups, which 
                face difficulties scaling due to the high costs 
                of microelectronics design and fabrication, 
                with access to funding resources, fabrication 
                facilities, design tools, and shared 
                intellectual property.
            ``(16) The development of multiple models of 
        public-private partnerships to execute the strategy, 
        including in-depth analysis of establishing a 
        semiconductor manufacturing corporation to leverage 
        private sector technical, managerial, and investment 
        expertise, and private capital, that would have the 
        authority and funds to provide grants or approve 
        investment tax credits, or both, to implement the 
        strategy.
            ``(17) Processes and criteria for competitive 
        selection of commercial companies, including companies 
        headquartered in countries that are allies or partners 
        with the United States, to provide design, foundry and 
        assembly, and packaging services and to build and 
        operate the industrial capabilities associated with 
        such services.
            ``(18) The role that other Federal agencies should 
        play in organizing and supporting the strategy, 
        including any required direct or indirect funding 
        support, or legislative and regulatory actions, 
        including restricting procurement to domestic sources, 
        and providing antitrust and export control relief.
            ``(19) All potential funding sources and mechanisms 
        for initial and sustaining investments in 
        microelectronics.
            ``(20) Such other matters as the Secretary of 
        Defense determines to be relevant.'';
            (3) in subsection (d), by striking ``September 30, 
        2019'' and inserting ``June 1, 2021'';
            (4) in subsection (e), by striking ``September 30, 
        2020'' and inserting ``June 1, 2021''; and
            (5) by redeignating subsection (f) as subsection 
        (g);
            (6) by inserting after subsection (e) the following 
        new subsection (f):
    ``(f) Submission.--Not later than June 1, 2021, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit the strategy required in 
subsection (a), along with any views and recommendations and an 
estimated budget to implement the strategy, to the President, 
the National Security Council, and the National Economic 
Council.''.

SEC. 277. INDEPENDENT EVALUATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND DIAGNOSTIC 
                    TESTING EQUIPMENT.

    (a) Independent Evaluation Required.--The Director of 
Operational Test and Evaluation shall conduct an independent 
evaluation of whether covered personal protective and 
diagnostic testing equipment is operationally effective and 
suitable to satisfy the specific needs and required protection 
of the workforce of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Availability of Information.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall provide the Director of Operational Test and Evaluation 
with such information as may be necessary for the Director to 
conduct the evaluations required under subsection (a).
    (c) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the 
completion of each evaluation under subsection (a), the 
Director of Operational Test and Evaluation shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the results of the 
evaluation.
    (d) Covered Personal Protective and Diagnostic Testing 
Equipment Defined.--In this section, the term ``covered 
personal protective and diagnostic testing equipment'' means 
any personal protective equipment or diagnostic testing 
equipment developed, acquired, or used by the Department of 
Defense--
            (1) in response to COVID-19; or
            (2) as part of any follow-on, long-term acquisition 
        and distribution program for such equipment.

SEC. 278. ASSESSMENT ON UNITED STATES NATIONAL SECURITY EMERGING 
                    BIOTECHNOLOGY EFFORTS AND CAPABILITIES AND 
                    COMPARISON WITH ADVERSARIES.

    (a) Assessment and Comparison Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Under Secretary of Defense for Research and 
        Engineering and the Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Intelligence and Security, shall conduct an assessment 
        and direct comparison of capabilities in emerging 
        biotechnologies for national security purposes, 
        including applications in material, manufacturing, and 
        health, between the capabilities of the United States 
        and the capabilities of adversaries of the United 
        States.
            (2) Elements.--The assessment and comparison 
        carried out under paragraph (1) shall include the 
        following:
                    (A) An evaluation of the quantity, quality, 
                and progress of United States fundamental and 
                applied research for emerging biotechnology 
                initiatives for national security purposes.
                    (B) An assessment of the resourcing of 
                United States efforts to harness emerging 
                biotechnology capabilities for national 
                security purposes, including the supporting 
                facilities, test infrastructure, and workforce.
                    (C) An intelligence assessment of adversary 
                emerging biotechnology capabilities and 
                research as well as an assessment of adversary 
                intent and willingness to use emerging 
                biotechnologies for national security purposes.
                    (D) An assessment of the analytic and 
                operational subject matter expertise necessary 
                to assess rapidly-evolving foreign military 
                developments in biotechnology, and the current 
                state of the workforce in the intelligence 
                community.
                    (E) Recommendations to improve and 
                accelerate United States capabilities in 
                emerging biotechnologies and the associated 
                intelligence community expertise.
                    (F) Such other matters as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
    (b) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2021, 
        the Secretary shall submit to the congressional defense 
        committees a report on the assessment carried out under 
        subsection (a).
            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph (1) 
        shall be submitted in the following formats--
                    (A) unclassified form, which may include a 
                classified annex; and
                    (B) publically releasable form, 
                representing appropriate information from the 
                report under subparagraph (A).
    (c) Definition of Intelligence Community.--In this section, 
the term ``intelligence community'' has the meaning given such 
term in section 3 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 
U.S.C. 3003).

SEC. 279. ANNUAL REPORTS REGARDING THE SBIR PROGRAM OF THE DEPARTMENT 
                    OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and not later than 120 days 
after the end of each fiscal years 2021, 2022, and 2023, the 
Secretary of Defense, after consultation with the Secretary of 
each military department, shall submit to Congress a report 
that describes the following:
            (1) The ways in which the Department of Defense is 
        using incentives under section 9(y)(6)(B) of the Small 
        Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(y)(6)(B)) to increase the 
        number of Phase II SBIR contracts that lead to 
        technology transition into programs of record or 
        fielded systems.
            (2) The extent to which the Department has 
        developed simplified and standardized procedures and 
        model contracts throughout the agency for Phase I, 
        Phase II, and Phase III SBIR awards, as required under 
        section 9(hh)(2)(A)(i) of the Small Business Act (15 
        U.S.C. 638(hh)(2)(A)(i)).
            (3) The extent to which any incentives described in 
        this section and implemented by the Secretary of 
        Defense have resulted in an increased number of Phase 
        II contracts under the SBIR program of the Department 
        of Defense leading to technology transition into 
        programs of record or fielded systems.
            (4) The extent to which Phase I, Phase II, and 
        Phase III projects under the SBIR program of the 
        Department align with the modernization priorities of 
        the Department.
            (5) Actions taken to ensure that the SBIR program 
        of the Department aligns with the goals of the program, 
        namely--
                    (A) to stimulate technological innovation;
                    (B) to meet Federal research and 
                development needs;
                    (C) to foster and encourage participation 
                in innovation and entrepreneurship by women and 
                socially or economically disadvantaged 
                individuals; and
                    (D) to increase private-sector 
                commercialization of innovations derived from 
                Federal research and development funding.
            (6) Any other action taken, and proposed to be 
        taken, to increase the number of Department Phase II 
        SBIR contracts leading to technology transition into 
        programs of record or fielded systems.
    (b) SBIR Defined.--In this section, the term ``SBIR'' has 
the meaning given the term in section 9(e) of the Small 
Business Act (15 U.S.C. 638(e)).

SEC. 280. REPORTS ON F-35 PHYSIOLOGICAL EPISODES AND MITIGATION 
                    EFFORTS.

    (a) Study and Report.--
            (1) In general.--The Under Secretary of Defense for 
        Acquisition and Sustainment shall conduct a study to 
        determine the underlying causes of physiological 
        episodes affecting crewmembers of F-35 aircraft.
            (2) Elements.--The study under subsection (a) shall 
        include--
                    (A) an examination of each physiological 
                episode reported by a crewmember of an F-35 
                aircraft as of the date of the enactment of 
                this Act;
                    (B) a determination as to the underlying 
                cause of the episode; and
                    (C) an examination of--
                            (i) any long-term effects, 
                        including potential long-term effects, 
                        of the episode; and
                            (ii) any additional care an 
                        affected crewmember may need.
            (3) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment shall submit to 
        the congressional defense committees a report that 
        includes--
                    (A) the results the study conducted under 
                subsection (a), including a description of each 
                physiological episode examined under the study 
                and an explanation of the underlying cause of 
                the episode;
                    (B) a description of any actions that may 
                be taken to address the underlying causes of 
                such episodes, including any resources that may 
                be required to carry out such actions; and
                    (C) any other findings and recommendations 
                of the study.
    (b) Annual Reports on Mitigation Efforts.--The Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Under Secretary of Defense 
for Acquisition and Sustainment, shall include with the annual 
report required by section 224(d) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-328; 130 
Stat. 2059), a detailed description of--
            (1) the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
        address physiological episodes affecting crewmembers of 
        F-35 aircraft; and
            (2) the funding allocated for such efforts.

SEC. 281. REVIEW AND REPORT ON NEXT GENERATION AIR DOMINANCE 
                    CAPABILITIES.

    (a) Reviews.--
            (1) In general.--The Director of Cost Assessment 
        and Program Evaluation shall conduct--
                    (A) a non-advocate review of the next 
                generation air dominance initiative of the Air 
                Force;
                    (B) a non-advocate review of the next 
                generation air dominance initiative of the 
                Navy; and
                    (C) a non-advocate review of the business 
                case analysis developed by the Assistant 
                Secretary of the Air Force for Acquisition, 
                Technology, and Logistics regarding the Digital 
                Century Series Aircraft acquisition strategy of 
                the Air Force.
            (2) Elements.--(A) The reviews under paragraphs 
        (1)(A) and (1)(B) shall include an assessment of--
                    (i) all risks associated with cost, 
                schedule, development, integration, production, 
                fielding, and sustainment of next generation 
                air dominance capabilities;
                    (ii) the technological maturity of 
                significant hardware and software efforts 
                planned or carried out as part of the 
                development of such capabilities; and
                    (iii) affordability goals that the Air 
                Force and the Navy (as the case may be) will be 
                required to achieve during development, 
                production, and sustainment activities for such 
                capabilities that will not jeopardize or 
                otherwise be detrimental to other high-priority 
                future capabilities being developed and 
                procured to support and execute other primary 
                core competencies and missions.
            (B) The review under paragraph (1)(C) shall include 
        an assessment of--
                    (i) methods, objectives, risks, ground 
                rules, and assumptions;
                    (ii) validity, accuracy, and deficiencies 
                in knowledge and data used in support of the 
                analysis;
                    (iii) financial and nonfinancial business 
                benefits and impacts;
                    (iv) likelihood of risks to materialize; 
                and
                    (v) conclusions, recommendations, and any 
                other information the Director believes to be 
                relevant to the review.
    (b) Reports.--The Director of Cost Assessment and Program 
Evaluation shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees--
            (1) a report on the results of the review conducted 
        under subsection (a)(1)(A) with respect to the Air 
        Force;
            (2) a report on the results of the review conducted 
        under subsection (a)(1)(B) with respect to the Navy; 
        and
            (3) a report on the results of the review conducted 
        under subsection (a)(1)(C).

SEC. 282. PLAN FOR OPERATIONAL TEST AND UTILITY EVALUATION OF SYSTEMS 
                    FOR LOW-COST ATTRIBUTABLE AIRCRAFT TECHNOLOGY 
                    PROGRAM.

    Not later than March 1, 2021, the Assistant Secretary of 
the Air Force for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics 
shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees 
        an executable plan for the operational test and utility 
        evaluation of systems for the Low-Cost Attributable 
        Aircraft Technology (LCAAT) program of the Air Force; 
        and
            (2) provide to the congressional defense committees 
        a briefing on the plan so submitted.

SEC. 283. INDEPENDENT COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EFFORTS BY CHINA AND THE 
                    UNITED STATES TO RECRUIT AND RETAIN RESEARCHERS IN 
                    NATIONAL SECURITY-RELATED AND DEFENSE-RELATED 
                    FIELDS.

    (a) Agreement.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        seek to enter into an agreement with the National 
        Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine for 
        the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine to perform the services covered by this 
        section.
            (2) Timing.--The Secretary shall seek to enter into 
        the agreement described in paragraph (1) not later than 
        60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Review.--
            (1) In general.--Under an agreement between the 
        Secretary and the National Academies of Sciences, 
        Engineering, and Medicine under this section, the 
        National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
        Medicine shall carry out a comparative analysis of 
        efforts by China and the United States Government to 
        recruit and retain domestic and foreign researchers and 
        develop recommendations for the Secretary of Defense 
        and the heads of other Federal agencies as appropriate.
            (2) Elements.--The comparative analysis carried out 
        under paragraph (1) and the recommendations developed 
        under such paragraph shall include the following:
                    (A) A list of the ``talent programs'' used 
                by China and a list of the incentive programs 
                used by the United States to recruit and retain 
                researchers in fields relating to national 
                security or defense research.
                    (B) The types of researchers, scientists, 
                other technical experts, and fields targeted by 
                each talent program listed under subparagraph 
                (A).
                    (C) The number of researchers in academia, 
                the Department of Defense Science and 
                Technology Reinvention Laboratories, and 
                national security science and engineering 
                programs of the National Nuclear Security 
                Administration targeted by the talent programs 
                listed under subparagraph (A).
                    (D) The number of personnel currently 
                participating in the talent programs listed 
                under subparagraph (A) and the number of 
                researchers currently participating in the 
                incentive programs listed under such 
                subparagraph.
                    (E) The incentives offered by each of the 
                talent programs listed under subparagraph (A) 
                and a description of the incentives offered 
                through incentive programs under such 
                subparagraph to recruit and retain researchers, 
                scientists, and other technical experts.
                    (F) A characterization of the national 
                security, economic, and scientific benefits 
                China gains through the talent programs listed 
                under subparagraph (A) and a description of 
                similar gains accrued to the United States 
                through incentive programs listed under such 
                subparagraph.
                    (G) An assessment of the risks to national 
                security and benefits to the United States of 
                scientific research cooperation between the 
                United States and China, such as that which is 
                performed under the agreement between the 
                United States and the People's Republic of 
                China known as the ``Agreement between the 
                Government of the United States of America and 
                the Government of the People's Republic of 
                China on Cooperation in Science and 
                Technology'', signed in Washington on January 
                31, 1979, successor agreements, and similar 
                agreements, administered by the Secretary of 
                State and the heads of other Federal agencies.
                    (H) A list of findings and recommendations 
                relating to policies that can be implemented by 
                the United States, especially the Department of 
                Defense and other appropriate Federal agencies, 
                to improve the relative effectiveness of United 
                States activities to recruit and retain 
                researchers, scientists, and other technical 
                experts relative to China.
    (c) Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than one year after the 
        date of the execution of an agreement under subsection 
        (a), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, 
        and Medicine shall--
                    (A) submit to the congressional defense 
                committees a report on the findings National 
                Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and 
                Medicine with respect to the review carried out 
                under this section and the recommendations 
                developed under this section; and
                    (B) make available to the public on a 
                publicly accessible website a version of report 
                that is suitable for public viewing.
            (2) Form.--The report submitted under paragraph 
        (1)(A) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may 
        include a classified annex.

                  TITLE III--OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

               Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 301. Authorization of appropriations.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

Sec. 311. Military Aviation and Installation Assurance Clearinghouse for 
          review of mission obstructions.
Sec. 312. Readiness and Environmental Protection Integration Program.
Sec. 313. Extension of real-time sound monitoring at Navy installations 
          where tactical fighter aircraft operate.
Sec. 314. Modification of authority for environmental restoration 
          projects of National Guard.
Sec. 315. Modification of authority to carry out military installation 
          resilience projects.
Sec. 316. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
          installations.
Sec. 317. Modification to availability of energy cost savings for 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 318. Increased transparency through reporting on usage and spills 
          of aqueous film-forming foam at military installations.
Sec. 319. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.
Sec. 320. Study on alternatives to address impacts of transboundary 
          flows, spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the 
          Tijuana River on personnel, activities, and installations of 
          Department of Defense.
Sec. 321. Pilot program on alternative fuel vehicle purchasing.
Sec. 322. Budgeting of Department of Defense relating to operational 
          energy improvement.
Sec. 323. Assessment of Department of Defense operational energy usage.
Sec. 324. Improvement of the Operational Energy Capability Improvement 
          Fund of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 325. Five-year reviews of containment technologies relating to Red 
          Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility.
Sec. 326. Limitation on use of funds for acquisition of furnished energy 
          for Rhine Ordnance Barracks Army Medical Center.
Sec. 327. Requirement to update Department of Defense adaptation 
          roadmap.
Sec. 328. Department of Defense report on greenhouse gas emissions 
          levels.
Sec. 329. Objectives, performance standards, and criteria for use of 
          wildlife conservation banking programs.
Sec. 330. Prizes for development of non-PFAS-containing fire-fighting 
          agent.
Sec. 331. Survey of technologies for Department of Defense application 
          in phasing out the use of fluorinated aqueous film-forming 
          foam.
Sec. 332. Interagency body on research related to per- and 
          polyfluoroalkyl substances.
Sec. 333. Restriction on Department of Defense procurement of certain 
          items containing perfluorooctane sulfonate or 
          perfluorooctanoic acid.
Sec. 334. Research and development of alternative to aqueous film-
          forming foam.
Sec. 335. Notification to agricultural operations located in areas 
          exposed to Department of Defense PFAS use.
Sec. 336. Reporting on energy savings performance contracts.
Sec. 337. Increase in funding for Centers for Disease Control Study on 
          health implications of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances 
          contamination in drinking water.
Sec. 338. Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020.
Sec. 339. Assessment of Department of Defense excess property programs 
          with respect to need and wildfire risk.

                  Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

Sec. 341. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.
Sec. 342. Repeal of sunset for minimum annual purchase amount for 
          carriers participating in the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
Sec. 343. Additional elements for inclusion in Navy ship depot 
          maintenance budget report.
Sec. 344. Clarification of limitation on length of overseas forward 
          deployment of currently deployed naval vessels.
Sec. 345. Independent advisory panel on weapon system sustainment.
Sec. 346. Biannual briefings on status of Shipyard Infrastructure 
          Optimization Plan.
Sec. 347. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major weapon 
          systems.
Sec. 348. Repeal of statutory requirement for notification to Director 
          of Defense Logistics Agency three years prior to implementing 
          changes to any uniform or uniform component.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

Sec. 351. Chair of Department of Defense explosive safety board.
Sec. 352. Explosive Ordnance Disposal Defense Program.
Sec. 353. Assessment of resilience of Department of Defense munitions 
          enterprise.
Sec. 354. Report on safety waivers and mishaps in Department of Defense 
          munitions enterprise.

                        Subtitle E--Other Matters

Sec. 361. Pilot program for temporary issuance of maternity-related 
          uniform items.
Sec. 362. Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships.
Sec. 363. Biodefense analysis and budget submission.
Sec. 364. Update of National Biodefense Implementation Plan.
Sec. 365. Plans and reports on emergency response training for military 
          installations.
Sec. 366. Inapplicability of congressional notification and dollar 
          limitation requirements for advance billings for certain 
          background investigations.
Sec. 367. Adjustment in availability of appropriations for unusual cost 
          overruns and for changes in scope of work.
Sec. 368. Requirement that Secretary of Defense implement security and 
          emergency response recommendations relating to active shooter 
          or terrorist attacks on installations of Department of 
          Defense.
Sec. 369. Clarification of food ingredient requirements for food or 
          beverages provided by the Department of Defense.
Sec. 370. Commission on the naming of items of the Department of Defense 
          that commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
          person who served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
          America.

              Subtitle A--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 301. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.

    Funds are hereby authorized to be appropriated for fiscal 
year 2021 for the use of the Armed Forces and other activities 
and agencies of the Department of Defense for expenses, not 
otherwise provided for, for operation and maintenance, as 
specified in the funding table in section 4301.

                   Subtitle B--Energy and Environment

SEC. 311. MILITARY AVIATION AND INSTALLATION ASSURANCE CLEARINGHOUSE 
                    FOR REVIEW OF MISSION OBSTRUCTIONS.

    Section 183a(c) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) in paragraph (2)--
                    (A) by striking ``If the Clearinghouse'' 
                and inserting ``(A) If the Clearinghouse''; and
                    (B) by adding at the end the following new 
                subparagraph:
            ``(B) After the Clearinghouse issues a notice under 
        subparagraph (A) with respect to an energy project, the 
        parties should seek to identify feasible and affordable 
        actions that can be taken by the Department, the 
        developer of such energy project, or others to mitigate 
        any adverse impact on military operations and 
        readiness.'';
            (2) by redesignating paragraphs (4) through (6) as 
        paragraphs (5) through (7), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
        new paragraph (4):
    ``(4) If, after issuing the notices of presumed risk 
required by paragraphs (2) and (3), the Secretary of Defense 
later concludes for any reason that the energy project will not 
have an adverse impact on military readiness, the Clearinghouse 
shall notify the applicant and the governor in writing of that 
conclusion.''; and
            (4) in paragraph (7), as so redesignated, by 
        striking ``Any setback for a project pursuant to the 
        previous sentence shall not be more than what is 
        determined to be necessary by a technical analysis 
        conducted by the Lincoln Laboratory at the 
        Massachusetts Institute of Technology or any successor 
        entity.''.

SEC. 312. READINESS AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION INTEGRATION PROGRAM.

    (a) Use of Funds.--Section 2684a(i) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
paragraph:
    ``(3) Funds obligated to carry out an agreement under this 
section shall be available for use with regard to any property 
in the geographic scope specified in the agreement--
            ``(A) at the time the funds are obligated; and
            ``(B) in any subsequent modification to the 
        agreement.''.
    (b) Clarification of References to Eligible Entities.--
            (1) Definition.--Subsection (b) of section 2684a of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended, in the matter 
        preceding paragraph (1), by striking ``An agreement 
        under this section may be entered into with'' and 
        inserting ``For purposes of this section, an eligible 
        entity is''.
            (2) Acquisition of property and interests.--
        Subsection (d)(1) of such section is amended by 
        striking ``the entity or entities'' each place it 
        appears and inserting ``an eligible entity or 
        entities''.
            (3) Retroactive application.--The amendments made 
        by paragraphs (1) and (2) shall apply to any agreement 
        entered into under section 2684a of title 10, United 
        States Code, on or after December 2, 2002.
    (c) Facilitating Agreements With Other Federal Agencies to 
Limit Encroachments.--Section 2684a(d)(5) of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in the second sentence of subparagraph (A), by 
        inserting ``or another Federal agency'' after ``to a 
        State'' both places it appears; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B) and inserting the 
        following:
    ``(B) Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), if all or a portion 
of the property or interest acquired under the agreement is 
initially or subsequently transferred to a State or another 
Federal agency, before that State or other Federal agency may 
declare the property or interest in excess to its needs or 
propose to exchange the property or interest, the State or 
other Federal agency shall give the Secretary concerned 
reasonable advance notice of its intent. If the Secretary 
concerned determines it necessary to preserve the purposes of 
this section, the Secretary concerned may request that 
administrative jurisdiction over the property be transferred to 
the Secretary concerned at no cost, and, upon such a request 
being made, the administrative jurisdiction over the property 
shall be transferred accordingly. If the Secretary concerned 
does not make such a request within a reasonable time period, 
all such rights of the Secretary concerned to request transfer 
of the property or interest shall remain available to the 
Secretary concerned with respect to future transfers or 
exchanges of the property or interest and shall bind all 
subsequent transferees.''.

SEC. 313. EXTENSION OF REAL-TIME SOUND MONITORING AT NAVY INSTALLATIONS 
                    WHERE TACTICAL FIGHTER AIRCRAFT OPERATE.

    Section 325(a)(1) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by striking 
``a 12-month period'' and inserting ``two 12-month periods, 
including one such period that begins in fiscal year 2021''.

SEC. 314. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION 
                    PROJECTS OF NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) In General.--Section 2707(e) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Notwithstanding'' and inserting 
        ``(1) Notwithstanding'';
            (2) by inserting ``where military activities are 
        conducted by the National Guard of a State under title 
        32'' after ``facility''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
    ``(2) The Secretary concerned may use the authority under 
section 2701(d) of this title to carry out environmental 
restoration projects under paragraph (1).''.
    (b) Correction of Definition of Facility.--Paragraph (1) of 
section 2700 of such title is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``(A) The 
        terms'' and inserting ``The term''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (B).

SEC. 315. MODIFICATION OF AUTHORITY TO CARRY OUT MILITARY INSTALLATION 
                    RESILIENCE PROJECTS.

    (a) Modification of Authority.--Section 2815 of title 10, 
United States Code is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a), by inserting ``(except as 
        provided in subsections (d)(3) and (e))'' before the 
        period at the end;
            (2) in subsection (c), by striking ``A project'' 
        and inserting ``Except as provided in subsection 
        (e)(2), a project'';
            (3) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (f); and
            (4) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsections:
    ``(d) Location of Projects.--Projects carried out pursuant 
to this section may be carried out--
            ``(1) on a military installation;
            ``(2) on a facility used by the Department of 
        Defense that is owned and operated by a State, the 
        District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, 
        American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern 
        Mariana Islands, or the Virgin Islands, even if the 
        facility is not under the jurisdiction of the 
        Department of Defense, if the Secretary of Defense 
        determines that the facility is subject to significant 
        use by the armed forces for testing or training; or
            ``(3) outside of a military installation or 
        facility described in paragraph (2) if the Secretary 
        concerned determines that the project would preserve or 
        enhance the resilience of--
                    ``(A) a military installation;
                    ``(B) a facility described in paragraph 
                (2); or
                    ``(C) community infrastructure determined 
                by the Secretary concerned to be necessary to 
                maintain, improve, or rapidly reestablish 
                installation mission assurance and mission-
                essential functions.
    ``(e) Alternative Funding Source.--(1) In carrying out a 
project under this section, the Secretary concerned may use 
amounts available for operation and maintenance for the 
military department concerned if the Secretary concerned 
submits a notification to the congressional defense committees 
of the decision to carry out the project using such amounts and 
includes in the notification--
            ``(A) the current estimate of the cost of the 
        project;
            ``(B) the source of funds for the project; and
            ``(C) a certification that deferral of the project 
        for inclusion in the next Military Construction 
        Authorization Act would be inconsistent with national 
        security or the protection of health, safety, or 
        environmental quality, as the case may be.
    ``(2) A project carried out under this section using 
amounts under paragraph (1) may be carried out only after the 
end of the 7-day period beginning on the date on which a copy 
of the notification described in paragraph (1) is provided in 
an electronic medium pursuant to section 480 of this title.
    ``(3) The maximum aggregate amount that the Secretary 
concerned may obligate from amounts available to the military 
department concerned for operation and maintenance in any 
fiscal year for projects under the authority of this subsection 
is $100,000,000.''.
    (b) Consideration of Military Installation Resilience in 
Agreements and Interagency Cooperation.--Section 2684a of such 
title is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (2)(B)--
                            (i) by striking clause (ii); and
                            (ii) in clause (i)--
                                    (I) by striking ``(i)''; 
                                and
                                    (II) by striking ``; or'' 
                                and inserting a semicolon;
                    (B) by redesignating paragraph (3) as 
                paragraph (4); and
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) maintaining or improving military 
        installation resilience; or''; and
            (2) by amending subsection (h) to read as follows:
    ``(h) Interagency Cooperation in Conservation and 
Resilience Programs to Avoid or Reduce Adverse Impacts on 
Military Installation Resilience and Military Readiness 
Activities.--In order to facilitate interagency cooperation and 
enhance the effectiveness of actions that will protect the 
environment, military installation resilience, and military 
readiness, the recipient of funds provided pursuant to an 
agreement under this section or under the Sikes Act (16 U.S.C. 
670 et seq.) may, with regard to the lands and waters within 
the scope of the agreement, use such funds to satisfy any 
matching funds or cost-sharing requirement of any conservation 
or resilience program of any Federal agency notwithstanding any 
limitation of such program on the source of matching or cost-
sharing funds.''.

SEC. 316. ENERGY RESILIENCE AND ENERGY SECURITY MEASURES ON MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Subchapter I of chapter 173 of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by inserting after section 2919 
the following new section:

``Sec. 2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
                    installations

    ``(a) Energy Resilience Measures.--(1) The Secretary of 
Defense shall, by the end of fiscal year 2030, provide that 100 
percent of the energy load required to maintain the critical 
missions of each installation have a minimum level of 
availability of 99.9 percent per fiscal year.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense shall issue standards 
establishing levels of availability relative to specific 
critical missions, with such standards providing a range of not 
less than 99.9 percent availability per fiscal year and not 
more than 99.9999 percent availability per fiscal year, 
depending on the criticality of the mission.
    ``(3) The Secretary may establish interim goals to take 
effect prior to fiscal year 2025 to ensure the requirements 
under this subsection are met.
    ``(4) The Secretary of each military department and the 
head of each Defense Agency shall ensure that their 
organizations meet the requirements of this subsection.
    ``(b) Planning.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall require 
the Secretary of each military department and the head of each 
Defense Agency to plan for the provision of energy resilience 
and energy security for installations.
    ``(2) Planning under paragraph (1) shall--
            ``(A) promote the use of multiple and diverse 
        sources of energy, with an emphasis favoring energy 
        resources originating on the installation such as 
        modular generation;
            ``(B) promote installing microgrids to ensure the 
        energy security and energy resilience of critical 
        missions; and
            ``(C) favor the use of full-time, installed energy 
        sources rather than emergency generation.
    ``(c) Development of Information.--The planning required by 
subsection (b) shall identify each of the following for each 
installation:
            ``(1) The critical missions of the installation.
            ``(2) The energy requirements of those critical 
        missions.
            ``(3) The duration that those energy requirements 
        are likely to be needed in the event of a disruption or 
        emergency.
            ``(4) The current source of energy provided to 
        those critical missions.
            ``(5) The duration that the currently provided 
        energy would likely be available in the event of a 
        disruption or emergency.
            ``(6) Any currently available sources of energy 
        that would provide uninterrupted energy to critical 
        missions in the event of a disruption or emergency.
            ``(7) Alternative sources of energy that could be 
        developed to provide uninterrupted energy to critical 
        missions in the event of a disruption or emergency.
    ``(d) Testing and Measuring.--(1)(A) The Secretary of 
Defense shall require the Secretary of each military department 
and head of each Defense Agency to conduct monitoring, 
measuring, and testing to provide the data necessary to comply 
with this section.
    ``(B) Any data provided under subparagraph (A) shall be 
made available to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Sustainment upon request.
    ``(2)(A) The Secretary of Defense shall require that black 
start exercises be conducted to assess the energy resilience 
and energy security of installations for periods established to 
evaluate the ability of the installation to perform critical 
missions without access to off-installation energy resources.
    ``(B) A black start exercise conducted under subparagraph 
(A) may exclude, if technically feasible, housing areas, 
commissaries, exchanges, and morale, welfare, and recreation 
facilities.
    ``(C) The Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(i) provide uniform policy for the military 
        departments and the Defense Agencies with respect to 
        conducting black start exercises; and
            ``(ii) establish a schedule of black start 
        exercises for the military departments and the Defense 
        Agencies, with each military department and Defense 
        Agency scheduled to conduct such an exercise on a 
        number of installations each year sufficient to allow 
        that military department or Defense Agency to meet the 
        goals of this section, but in any event not fewer than 
        five installations each year for each military 
        department through fiscal year 2027.
    ``(D)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary 
of each military department shall, notwithstanding any other 
provision of law, conduct black start exercises in accordance 
with the schedule provided for in subparagraph (C)(ii), with 
any such exercise not to last longer than five days.
    ``(ii) The Secretary of a military department may conduct 
more black start exercises than those identified in the 
schedule provided for in subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(e) Contract Requirements.--For contracts for energy and 
utility services, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            ``(1) specify methods and processes to measure, 
        manage, and verify compliance with subsection (a); and
            ``(2) ensure that such contracts include 
        requirements appropriate to ensure energy resilience 
        and energy security, including requirements for 
        metering to measure, manage, and verify energy 
        consumption, availability, and reliability consistent 
        with this section and the energy resilience metrics and 
        standards under section 2911(b) of this title.
    ``(f) Exception.--This section does not apply to fuels used 
in aircraft, vessels, or motor vehicles.
    ``(g) Report.--If by the end of fiscal year 2029, the 
Secretary determines that the Department will be unable to meet 
the requirements under subsection (a), not later than 90 days 
after the end of such fiscal year, the Secretary shall submit 
to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report detailing--
            ``(1) the projected shortfall;
            ``(2) reasons for the projected shortfall;
            ``(3) any statutory, technological, or monetary 
        impediments to achieving such requirements;
            ``(4) any impact to readiness or ability to meet 
        the national defense posture; and
            ``(5) any other relevant information as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
    ``(h) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `availability' means the 
        availability of required energy at a stated instant of 
        time or over a stated period of time for a specific 
        purpose.
            ``(2) The term `black start exercise' means an 
        exercise in which delivery of energy provided from off 
        an installation is terminated before backup generation 
        assets on the installation are turned on. Such an 
        exercise shall--
                    ``(A) determine the ability of the backup 
                systems to start independently, transfer the 
                load, and carry the load until energy from off 
                the installation is restored;
                    ``(B) align organizations with critical 
                missions to coordinate in meeting critical 
                mission requirements;
                    ``(C) validate mission operation plans, 
                such as continuity of operations plans;
                    ``(D) identify infrastructure 
                interdependencies; and
                    ``(E) verify backup electric power system 
                performance.
            ``(3) The term `critical mission'--
                    ``(A) means those aspects of the missions 
                of an installation, including mission essential 
                operations, that are critical to successful 
                performance of the strategic national defense 
                mission;
                    ``(B) may include operational headquarters 
                facilities, airfields and supporting 
                infrastructure, harbor facilities supporting 
                naval vessels, munitions production and storage 
                facilities, missile fields, radars, satellite 
                control facilities, cyber operations 
                facilities, space launch facilities, 
                operational communications facilities, and 
                biological defense facilities; and
                    ``(C) does not include military housing 
                (including privatized military housing), 
                morale, welfare, and recreation facilities, 
                exchanges, commissaries, or privately owned 
                facilities.
            ``(4) The term `energy' means electricity, natural 
        gas, steam, chilled water, and heated water.
            ``(5) The term `installation' has the meaning given 
        the term `military installation' in section 2801(c)(4) 
        of this title.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of subchapter I of chapter 173 of such title is 
amended by inserting after the item relating to section 2919 
the following new item:

``2920. Energy resilience and energy security measures on military 
          installations.''.

SEC. 317. MODIFICATION TO AVAILABILITY OF ENERGY COST SAVINGS FOR 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    Section 2912(a) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by inserting ``and, in the case of operational energy, from 
both training and operational missions,'' after ``under section 
2913 of this title,''.

SEC. 318. INCREASED TRANSPARENCY THROUGH REPORTING ON USAGE AND SPILLS 
                    OF AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM AT MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
section:

``Sec. 2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam

    ``(a) In General.--Not later than 48 hours after the Deputy 
Assistant Secretary of Defense for Environment receives notice 
of the usage or spill of aqueous film forming foam, either as 
concentrate or mixed foam, at any military installation, the 
Deputy Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
notice of a usage or spill of greater than 10 gallons of 
concentrate, or greater than 300 gallons of mixed foam. Each 
such notice shall include each of the following information:
            ``(1) The name of the installation where the usage 
        or spill occurred.
            ``(2) The date on which the usage or spill 
        occurred.
            ``(3) The amount, type, and specified concentration 
        of aqueous film-forming foam that was used or spilled.
            ``(4) The cause of the usage or spill.
            ``(5) A summary narrative of the usage or spill.
    ``(b) Action Plan.--Not later than 60 days after submitting 
notice of a usage or spill under subsection (a), the Deputy 
Assistant Secretary shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives an 
action plan for addressing such usage or spill. The action plan 
shall include the following:
            ``(1) A description of what actions have been taken 
        to arrest and clean up a spill.
            ``(2) A description of any coordination with 
        relevant local and State environmental protection 
        agencies.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by adding at the end the 
following new item:

``2712. Reporting on usage and spills of aqueous film-forming foam.''.

SEC. 319. NATIVE AMERICAN LANDS ENVIRONMENTAL MITIGATION PROGRAM.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 160 of title 10, United States 
Code, as amended by section 318(a), is further amended by 
adding at the end the following new section:

``Sec. 2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation program

    ``(a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense may 
establish and carry out a program to mitigate the environmental 
effects of actions by the Department of Defense on Indian lands 
and on other locations where the Department, an Indian tribe, 
and the current land owner agree that such mitigation is 
appropriate.
    ``(b) Program Activities.--The activities that may be 
carried out under the program established under subsection (a) 
are the following:
            ``(1) Identification, investigation, and 
        documentation of suspected environmental effects 
        attributable to past actions by the Department of 
        Defense.
            ``(2) Development of mitigation options for such 
        environmental effects, including development of cost-
        to-complete estimates and a system for prioritizing 
        mitigation actions.
            ``(3) Direct mitigation actions that the Secretary 
        determines are necessary and appropriate to mitigate 
        the adverse environmental effects of past actions by 
        the Department.
            ``(4) Demolition and removal of unsafe buildings 
        and structures used by, under the jurisdiction of, or 
        formerly used by or under the jurisdiction of the 
        Department.
            ``(5) Training, technical assistance, and 
        administrative support to facilitate the meaningful 
        participation of Indian tribes in mitigation actions 
        under the program.
            ``(6) Development and execution of a policy 
        governing consultation with Indian tribes that have 
        been or may be affected by action by the Department, 
        including training personnel of the Department to 
        ensure compliance with the policy.
    ``(c) Cooperative Agreements.--(1) In carrying out the 
program established under subsection (a), the Secretary of 
Defense may enter into a cooperative agreement with an Indian 
tribe or an instrumentality of tribal government.
    ``(2) Notwithstanding chapter 63 of title 31, a cooperative 
agreement under this section may be used to acquire property or 
services for the direct benefit of the United States 
Government.
    ``(3) A cooperative agreement under this section for the 
procurement of severable services may begin in one fiscal year 
and end in another fiscal year only if the total period of 
performance does not exceed two calendar years.
    ``(d) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `Indian land' includes--
                    ``(A) any land located within the 
                boundaries and a part of an Indian reservation, 
                pueblo, or rancheria;
                    ``(B) any land that has been allotted to an 
                individual Indian but has not been conveyed to 
                such Indian with full power of alienation;
                    ``(C) Alaska Native village and regional 
                corporation lands; and
                    ``(D) lands and waters upon which any 
                federally recognized Indian tribe has rights 
                reserved by treaty, Act of Congress, or action 
                by the President.
            ``(2) The term `Indian tribe' means any Indian 
        tribe, band, nation, or other organized group or 
        community, including any Alaska Native village or 
        regional or village corporation as defined in or 
        established pursuant to the Alaska Native Claims 
        Settlement Act (43 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), which is 
        recognized as eligible for the special programs and 
        services provided by the United States to Indians 
        because of their status as Indians.
    ``(e) Limitation.--Nothing in this section shall be 
interpreted to require, compel, or otherwise authorize access 
to any lands without the landowner's consent.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 160 of such title, as amended by section 
318(b), is further amended by inserting after the item relating 
to section 2712 the following new item:

``2713. Native American lands environmental mitigation program.''.

SEC. 320. STUDY ON ALTERNATIVES TO ADDRESS IMPACTS OF TRANSBOUNDARY 
                    FLOWS, SPILLS, OR DISCHARGES OF POLLUTION OR DEBRIS 
                    FROM THE TIJUANA RIVER ON PERSONNEL, ACTIVITIES, 
                    AND INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Study.--Not later than 90 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Administrator of the Environmental 
Protection Agency, the Secretary of State, and the United 
States Commissioner of the International Boundary and Water 
Commission, shall develop criteria for the selection of project 
alternatives to address the impacts of transboundary flows, 
spills, or discharges of pollution or debris from the Tijuana 
River on the personnel, activities, and installations of the 
Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements.--The projects referred to in subsection (b) 
shall address the short-term, long-term, primary, and secondary 
impacts of transboundary flows, spills, or discharges of 
pollution or debris from the Tijuana River and include 
recommendations to mitigate such impacts.

SEC. 321. PILOT PROGRAM ON ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLE PURCHASING.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, in coordination 
with the Secretary of Energy and the Administrator of the 
General Services Administration, shall carry out a pilot 
program under which the Secretary of Defense may, 
notwithstanding section 400AA of the Energy Policy and 
Conservation Act (42 U.S.C. 6374), purchase new alternative 
fuel vehicles for which the initial cost of such vehicles 
exceeds the initial cost of a comparable gasoline or diesel 
fueled vehicle by not more than 10 percent.
    (b) Locations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        carry out the pilot program under subsection (a) at not 
        fewer than 2 facilities or installations of each 
        military department in the continental United States 
        that--
                    (A) have the largest total number of 
                attached noncombat vehicles as compared to 
                other facilities or installations of the 
                Department of Defense; and
                    (B) are located within 20 miles of public 
                or private refueling or recharging stations.
            (2) Air force logistics center.--One of the 
        facilities or installations selected under paragraph 
        (1) shall be an Air Force Logistics Center.
    (c) Alternative Fuel Vehicle Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``alternative fuel vehicle'' includes a vehicle that 
uses--
            (1) a fuel or power source described in the first 
        sentence of section 241(2)of the Clean Air Act (42 
        U.S.C. 7581(2)); or
            (2) propane.

SEC. 322. BUDGETING OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE RELATING TO OPERATIONAL 
                    ENERGY IMPROVEMENT.

    The Secretary of Defense shall include in the annual budget 
submission of the President under section 1105(a) of title 31, 
United States Code, a dedicated budget line item for fielding 
operational energy improvements, including such improvements 
for which funds from the Operational Energy Capability 
Improvement Fund have been expended to create the operational 
and business case for broader employment.

SEC. 323. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OPERATIONAL ENERGY USAGE.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
into an agreement with a federally funded research and 
development center with relevant expertise under which such 
center shall conduct an assessment of Department of Defense 
operational energy usage, including an agency-wide view and 
breakdowns of progress by service branch.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
shall include--
            (1) an analysis of the extent to which the 
        Department of Defense developed an integrated 
        operational energy strategy and the extent to which 
        each of the military departments has implemented such 
        strategy;
            (2) an analysis of the viability of implementing 
        net zero initiatives within the operational energy 
        enterprise without negatively impacting mission 
        capability;
            (3) an analysis of ways to overcome contested 
        logistics challenges such as the tyranny of distance 
        within the United States Indo-Pacific Command, 
        including--
                    (A) strategies to improve the energy 
                production, storage, and distribution system 
                that enhance logistics supply chain resiliency; 
                and
                    (B) ways to reduce the demand for resupply 
                to decrease the strain on the logistics supply 
                chain; and
            (4) an analysis of the integration between energy 
        offices with program offices, budget, and operational 
        planners within the Department of Defense and military 
        departments, and recommendations for improving 
        coordination.
    (c) Form of Report.--The report required under this section 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
classified annex.

SEC. 324. IMPROVEMENT OF THE OPERATIONAL ENERGY CAPABILITY IMPROVEMENT 
                    FUND OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Management of the Operational Energy Capability 
Improvement Fund.--The Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
Energy, Installations, and Environment shall exercise 
authority, direction, and control over the Operational Energy 
Capability Improvement Fund of the Department of Defense (in 
this section referred to as the ``OECIF'').
    (b) Alignment and Coordination With Related Programs.--
            (1) Realignment of oecif.--Not later than 60 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall realign the OECIF under the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy, 
        Installations, and Environment, with such realignment 
        to include personnel positions adequate for the mission 
        of the OECIF.
            (2) Better coordination with related programs.--The 
        Assistant Secretary shall ensure that the placement 
        under the authority of the Assistant Secretary of the 
        OECIF along with the Strategic Environmental Research 
        Program, the Environmental Security Technology 
        Certification Program, and the Operational Energy 
        Prototyping Program is utilized to advance common goals 
        of the Department, promote organizational synergies, 
        and avoid unnecessary duplication of effort.
    (c) Program for Operational Energy Prototyping.--
            (1) In general.--Commencing not later than 90 days 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary of Defense, through the Assistant Secretary 
        of Defense for Energy, Installations, and Environment, 
        shall carry out a program for the demonstration of 
        technologies related to operational energy prototyping, 
        including demonstration of operational energy 
        technology and validation prototyping.
            (2) Operation of program.--The Secretary shall 
        ensure that the program under paragraph (1) operates in 
        conjunction with the OECIF to promote the transfer of 
        innovative technologies that have successfully 
        established proof of concept for use in production or 
        in the field.
            (3) Program elements.--In carrying out the program 
        under paragraph (1) the Secretary shall--
                    (A) identify and demonstrate the most 
                promising, innovative, and cost-effective 
                technologies and methods that address high-
                priority operational energy requirements of the 
                Department of Defense;
                    (B) in conducting demonstrations under 
                subparagraph (A)--
                            (i) collect cost and performance 
                        data to overcome barriers against 
                        employing an innovative technology 
                        because of concerns regarding technical 
                        or programmatic risk; and
                            (ii) ensure that components of the 
                        Department have time to establish new 
                        requirements where necessary and plan, 
                        program, and budget for technology 
                        transition to programs of record;
                    (C) utilize project structures similar to 
                those of the OECIF to ensure transparency and 
                accountability throughout the efforts conducted 
                under the program; and
                    (D) give priority, in conjunction with the 
                OECIF, to the development and fielding of clean 
                technologies that reduce reliance on fossil 
                fuels.
            (4) Tool for accountability and transition.--
                    (A) In general.--In carrying out the 
                program under paragraph (1) the Secretary shall 
                develop and utilize a tool to track relevant 
                investments in operational energy from applied 
                research to transition to use to ensure user 
                organizations have the full picture of 
                technology maturation and development.
                    (B) Transition.--The tool developed and 
                utilized under subparagraph (A) shall be 
                designed to overcome transition challenges with 
                rigorous and well-documented demonstrations 
                that provide the information needed by all 
                stakeholders for acceptance of the technology.
            (5) Locations.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall carry 
                out the testing and evaluation phase of the 
                program under paragraph (1) at installations of 
                the Department of Defense or in conjunction 
                with exercises conducted by the Joint Staff, a 
                combatant command, or a military department.
                    (B) Formal demonstrations.--The Secretary 
                shall carry out any formal demonstrations under 
                the program under paragraph (1) at 
                installations of the Department or in 
                operational settings to document and validate 
                improved warfighting performance and cost 
                savings.

SEC. 325. FIVE-YEAR REVIEWS OF CONTAINMENT TECHNOLOGIES RELATING TO RED 
                    HILL BULK FUEL STORAGE FACILITY.

    (a) Reviews.--
            (1) Reviews required.--At least once every 5 years, 
        concurrently with the Department of the Navy's Tank 
        Upgrade Alternative (TUA) decision review, the 
        Secretary of the Navy shall conduct a review of 
        available technologies relating to the containment of 
        fuel to determine whether any such technology may be 
        used to improve the containment of fuel with respect to 
        storage tanks located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility, Hawaii.
            (2) Deadline for initial review.--The Secretary 
        shall conduct the first review under paragraph (1) 
        concurrent with the first TUA decision review conducted 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (b) Briefings.--Not later than 60 days after the date on 
which a review conducted under subsection (a) is completed, the 
Secretary shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
a briefing on--
            (1) any technology identified in such review that 
        the Secretary determines may be used to improve the 
        containment of fuel with respect to storage tanks 
        located at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage Facility; and
            (2) the feasibility and cost of implementing any 
        such technology at the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
        Facility.
    (c) Termination.--The requirements to conduct reviews under 
subsection (a) and provide briefings under subsection (b) shall 
terminate on the date on which the Red Hill Bulk Fuel Storage 
Facility ceases operation, as determined by the Secretary of 
the Navy.

SEC. 326. LIMITATION ON USE OF FUNDS FOR ACQUISITION OF FURNISHED 
                    ENERGY FOR RHINE ORDNANCE BARRACKS ARMY MEDICAL 
                    CENTER.

    None of the funds authorized to be appropriated by this Act 
or otherwise made available for fiscal year 2021 for the 
Department of Defense may be used to enter into a contract for 
the acquisition of furnished energy for the new Rhine Ordnance 
Barracks Army Medical Center (hereafter referred to as the 
``Medical Center'') before the date on which Secretary of 
Defense submits to the congressional defense committees a 
written certification that the Medical Center does not use any 
energy sourced from inside the Russian Federation as a means of 
generating the furnished energy.

SEC. 327. REQUIREMENT TO UPDATE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE ADAPTATION 
                    ROADMAP.

    (a) In General.--Not later than February 1, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives an update 
to the Department of Defense 2014 Adaptation Roadmap. Such 
update shall include an outline of the strategy and 
implementation plan of the Department to address the current 
and foreseeable effects of extreme weather and sea level 
fluctuations on the mission of the Department of Defense.
    (b) Elements of Strategy and Implementation Plan.--The 
strategy and implementation plan required to be included in the 
update under subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) a description of the overarching approach of 
        the Department to extreme weather, sea level 
        fluctuations, and associated mitigation measures; and
            (2) a discussion of the current and foreseeable 
        effects of extreme weather and seal level fluctuations 
        on--
                    (A) plans and operations, including--
                            (i) military readiness;
                            (ii) increased frequency, if any, 
                        of extreme weather events, including 
                        flooding, drought, desertification, 
                        wildfires, thawing permafrost, 
                        hurricanes, and extreme heat;
                            (iii) geopolitical instability, if 
                        any, caused by climate events, 
                        including extreme weather;
                            (iv) increased demand, if any for 
                        Defense Support for Civil Authorities 
                        and disaster or humanitarian relief 
                        operations;
                            (v) the operating environment of 
                        the Arctic and of the strategic and 
                        geopolitical implications of an ice-
                        free Arctic Ocean; and
                            (vi) alteration or limitation on 
                        operation environments;
                    (B) training and testing, including--
                            (i) changes in land carrying 
                        capacity;
                            (ii) increased maintenance and 
                        repair requirements for equipment and 
                        infrastructure;
                            (iii) mitigation of heat stress and 
                        heat-related illnesses resulting from 
                        increasing temperatures;
                            (iv) increased dust generation and 
                        fire hazards; and
                            (v) maintaining testing and 
                        training capacity to support increased 
                        operations and civil support missions;
                    (C) built and natural infrastructure, 
                including--
                            (i) military installation 
                        resilience, as such term is defined in 
                        section 101(e)(8) of title 10, United 
                        States Code, of installations both 
                        within and outside the United States 
                        and its possessions and territories and 
                        of the State-owned National Guard 
                        installations of the several States;
                            (ii) resilience of the air and sea 
                        ports of our allies and partners that 
                        are critical to the training, 
                        deployment, and operations of the Armed 
                        Forces of the United States and its 
                        allies and partners;
                            (iii) resilience of the deployment 
                        system and structure of the Department 
                        of Defense and of the United States, 
                        including the strategic highway 
                        network, the strategic rail network, 
                        and designated strategic air and sea 
                        ports;
                            (iv) best practices for modeling 
                        and mitigating risks posed to military 
                        installations by increased inundation, 
                        erosion, flood, wind, and fire damage;
                            (v) changing energy demand at 
                        military installations to include 
                        heating and cooling, particularly in 
                        communities experiencing grid stress;
                            (vi) disruption and competition for 
                        reliable energy and water resources;
                            (vii) increased maintenance and 
                        sustainment costs;
                            (viii) damage to natural and 
                        constructed infrastructure from thawing 
                        permafrost and sea ice; and
                            (ix) the effects of extreme weather 
                        and sea level fluctuations on community 
                        support infrastructure, including 
                        roads, transportation hubs, and medical 
                        facilities;
                    (D) acquisition and supply chain, 
                including--
                            (i) measures to ensure that the 
                        current and projected future scale and 
                        impacts of extreme weather and sea 
                        level fluctuations are fully considered 
                        in the research, development, testing, 
                        and acquisition of major weapon systems 
                        and of associated supplies and 
                        equipment;
                            (ii) required alterations of 
                        stockpiles;
                            (iii) reduced or changed 
                        availability and access to materials, 
                        equipment, and supplies, including 
                        water and food sources;
                            (iv) disruptions in fuel 
                        availability and distribution;
                            (v) estimated investments required 
                        to address foreseeable costs incurred 
                        or influenced by extreme weather and 
                        sea level fluctuations for each of the 
                        lines of effort in this report, to 
                        include extreme weather response, over 
                        the next 5, 10, and 20 years, with 
                        topline estimates and a qualitative 
                        discussion of cost drivers for each; 
                        and
                            (vi) equipment and infrastructure 
                        investments required to address a 
                        changing Arctic environment; and
                    (E) such other matters as the Secretary 
                determines appropriate; and
    (c) Assessments and Projections.--In preparing the update 
as required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
consider--
            (1) climate projections from the Global Change 
        Research Office, National Climate Assessment, the 
        National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and 
        other Federal agencies; and
            (2) data on, and analysis of, the national security 
        effects of climate prepared by the Climate Security 
        Advisory Council of the Office of the Director of 
        National Intelligence established pursuant to section 
        120 of the National Security Act of 1947 (50 U.S.C. 
        3060) and by other elements of the intelligence 
        community.
    (d) Form.--The update to the adaptation roadmap required 
under subsection (a) shall be submitted in an unclassified 
form, but may contain a classified annex. If the Secretary 
determines that the inclusion of a classified annex is 
necessary, the Secretary shall conduct an in-person briefing 
for Members of the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives by not later than 90 days after 
the date of the submission of the update.

SEC. 328. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REPORT ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS 
                    LEVELS.

    (a) In General.--Not later than 180 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
House of Representatives and to the Comptroller General a 
report on the total level of greenhouse gas emissions for each 
of the last 10 fiscal years. Such emissions levels shall 
include the agency-wide total, breakdowns by military 
department, and delineations between installation and 
operational emissions.
    (b) Form of Report.--The report required under this section 
shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may contain a 
classified annex.

SEC. 329. OBJECTIVES, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND CRITERIA FOR USE OF 
                    WILDLIFE CONSERVATION BANKING PROGRAMS.

    (a) In General.--To ensure opportunities for Department of 
Defense participation in wildlife conservation banking programs 
pursuant to section 2694c of title 10, United States Code, the 
Secretary of the Interior, acting through the Director of the 
United States Fish and Wildlife Service, shall issue 
regulations of general applicability establishing objectives, 
measurable performance standards, and criteria for use, 
consistent with the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1531 et 
seq.), for mitigation banking offsetting effects on a species, 
or habitat of such species, that is endangered, threatened, a 
candidate for listing, or otherwise at risk under such Act. To 
the maximum extent practicable, the regulatory standards and 
criteria shall maximize available credits and opportunities for 
mitigation, provide flexibility for characteristics of various 
species, and apply equivalent standards and criteria to all 
mitigation banks.
    (b) Deadline for Regulations.--The Secretary of the 
Interior, acting through the Director of the United States Fish 
and Wildlife Service, shall publish an advance notice of 
proposed rulemaking for the regulations required by subsection 
(a) by not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of 
this Act.

SEC. 330. PRIZES FOR DEVELOPMENT OF NON-PFAS-CONTAINING FIRE-FIGHTING 
                    AGENT.

    (a) Authority.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment and the 
Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program, may 
carry out a program to award cash prizes and other types of 
prizes that the Secretary determines are appropriate to 
recognize outstanding achievements in the development of a non-
PFAS-containing fire-fighting agent to replace aqueous film-
forming foam with the potential for application to the 
performance of the military missions of the Department of 
Defense.
    (b) Competition Requirements.--A program under subsection 
(a) shall use a competitive process for the selection of 
recipients of cash prizes. The process shall include the 
widely-advertised solicitation of submissions of research 
results, technology developments, and prototypes.
    (c) Limitations.--The following limitations shall apply to 
a program under subsection (a):
            (1) No prize competition may result in the award of 
        a prize with a fair market value of more than 
        $5,000,000.
            (2) No prize competition may result in the award of 
        more than $1,000,000 in cash prizes without the 
        approval of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Sustainment.
            (3) No prize competition may result in the award of 
        a solely nonmonetary prize with a fair market value of 
        more than $10,000 without the approval of the Assistant 
        Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
    (d) Relationship to Other Authority.--A program under 
subsection (a) may be carried out in conjunction with or in 
addition to the exercise of any other authority of the 
Department of Defense.
    (e) Use of Prize Authority.--Use of prize authority under 
this section shall be considered the use of competitive 
procedures for the purposes of section 2304 of title 10, United 
States Code.
    (f) PFAS Defined.--In this section, the term ``PFAS'' 
means--
            (1) man-made chemicals of which all of the carbon 
        atoms are fully fluorinated carbon atoms; and
            (2) man-made chemicals containing a mix of fully 
        fluorinated carbon atoms, partially fluorinated carbon 
        atoms, and nonfluorinated carbon atoms.
    (g) Termination.--The authority to carry out a program 
under this section shall terminate on October 1, 2024.

SEC. 331. SURVEY OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE APPLICATION 
                    IN PHASING OUT THE USE OF FLUORINATED AQUEOUS FILM-
                    FORMING FOAM.

    (a) Survey of Technologies.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
conduct a survey of relevant technologies, other than fire-
fighting agent solutions, to determine whether any such 
technologies are available and can be adapted for use by the 
Department of Defense to facilitate the phase-out of 
fluorinated aqueous film-forming foam. The technologies 
surveyed under this subsection shall include hangar flooring 
systems, fire-fighting agent delivery systems, containment 
systems, and other relevant technologies the Secretary 
determines appropriate.
    (b) Briefing.--Not later than 1 year after the date of 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall provide the 
congressional defense committees a briefing on the results of 
the survey conducted under subsection (a). The briefing shall 
include--
            (1) a description of the technologies included in 
        the survey;
            (2) a list of the technologies that were considered 
        for further testing or analysis; and
            (3) any technologies that are undergoing additional 
        analysis for possible application within the 
        Department.

SEC. 332. INTERAGENCY BODY ON RESEARCH RELATED TO PER- AND 
                    POLYFLUOROALKYL SUBSTANCES.

    (a) Establishment.--The Director of the Office of Science 
and Technology Policy, acting through the National Science and 
Technology Council, shall establish, or designate, an 
interagency working group to coordinate Federal activities 
related to PFAS research and development.
    (b) Agency Participation.--The interagency working group 
shall include a representative of each of--
            (1) the Environmental Protection Agency;
            (2) the National Institute of Environmental Health 
        Sciences;
            (3) the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease 
        Registry;
            (4) the National Science Foundation;
            (5) the Department of Defense;
            (6) the National Institutes of Health;
            (7) the National Institute of Standards and 
        Technology;
            (8) the National Oceanic and Atmospheric 
        Administration;
            (9) the Department of the Interior;
            (10) the Department of Transportation;
            (11) the Department of Homeland Security;
            (12) the National Aeronautics and Space 
        Administration;
            (13) the National Toxicology Program;
            (14) the Department of Agriculture;
            (15) the Geological Survey;
            (16) the Department of Commerce;
            (17) the Department of Energy;
            (18) the Office of Information and Regulatory 
        Affairs;
            (19) the Office of Management and Budget; and
            (20) any such other Federal department or agency as 
        the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
        Policy considers appropriate.
    (c) Co-chairs.--The Interagency working group shall be co-
chaired by the Director of the Office of Science and Technology 
Policy and, on a biannual rotating basis, a representative from 
a member agency, as selected by the Director of the Office of 
Science and Technology Policy.
    (d) Responsibilities of the Working Group.--The interagency 
working group established under subsection (a) shall--
            (1) provide for interagency coordination of 
        federally funded PFAS research and development; and
            (2) not later than 12 months after the date of 
        enactment of this Act, develop and make publicly 
        available a strategic plan for Federal support for PFAS 
        research and development (to be updated not less 
        frequently than once every three years) that--
                    (A) identifies all current federally funded 
                PFAS research and development, including the 
                nature and scope of such research and 
                development and the amount of funding 
                associated with such research and development 
                during the current fiscal year, disaggregated 
                by agency;
                    (B) identifies all federally funded PFAS 
                research and development having taken place in 
                the last three years, excluding the research 
                listed under subparagraph (A), including the 
                nature and scope of such research and 
                development and the amount of funding 
                associated with such research and development 
                during the current fiscal year, disaggregated 
                by agency;
                    (C) identifies scientific and technological 
                challenges that must be addressed to understand 
                and to significantly reduce the environmental 
                and human health impacts of PFAS and to 
                identify cost-effective--
                            (i) alternatives to PFAS that are 
                        designed to be safer and more 
                        environmentally friendly;
                            (ii) methods for removal of PFAS 
                        from the environment; and
                            (iii) methods to safely destroy or 
                        degrade PFAS;
                    (D) establishes goals, priorities, and 
                metrics for federally funded PFAS research and 
                development that takes into account the current 
                state of research and development identified in 
                subparagraph (A) and the challenges identified 
                in subparagraph (C); and
                    (E) an implementation plan for Federal 
                agencies and, for each update to the strategic 
                plan under this paragraph, a description of how 
                Federal agencies have been following the 
                implementation plan.
    (e) Consultation.--In developing the strategic plan under 
subsection (d)(2), the interagency working group shall consult 
with States, tribes, territories, local governments, 
appropriate industries, academic institutions and 
nongovernmental organizations with expertise in PFAS research 
and development, treatment, management, and alternative 
development.
    (f) Sunset.--The strategic plan requirement described under 
section (d)(2) shall cease on the date that is 20 years after 
the initial strategic plan is developed.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) PFAS.--The term ``PFAS'' means--
                    (A) man-made chemicals of which all of the 
                carbon atoms are fully fluorinated carbon 
                atoms; and
                    (B) man-made chemicals containing a mix of 
                fully fluorinated carbon atoms, partially 
                fluorinated carbon atoms, and nonfluorinated 
                carbon atoms.
            (2) PFAS research and development defined.--The 
        term ``PFAS research and development'' includes any 
        research or project that has the goal of accomplishing 
        the following:
                    (A) The removal of PFAS from the 
                environment.
                    (B) The safe destruction or degradation of 
                PFAS.
                    (C) The development and deployment of safer 
                and more environmentally friendly alternative 
                substances that are functionally similar to 
                those made with PFAS.
                    (D) The understanding of sources of 
                environmental PFAS contamination and pathways 
                to exposure for the public.
                    (E) The understanding of the toxicity of 
                PFAS to humans and animals.

SEC. 333. RESTRICTION ON DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PROCUREMENT OF CERTAIN 
                    ITEMS CONTAINING PERFLUOROOCTANE SULFONATE OR 
                    PERFLUOROOCTANOIC ACID.

    (a) Prohibition.--The Department of Defense may not procure 
any covered item that contains perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) 
or perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA).
    (b) Definitions.--In this section, the term ``covered 
item'' means--
            (1) nonstick cookware or cooking utensils for use 
        in galleys or dining facilities; and
            (2) upholstered furniture, carpets, and rugs that 
        have been treated with stain-resistant coatings.
    (c) Effective Date.--This section shall take effect on 
April 1, 2023.

SEC. 334. RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT OF ALTERNATIVE TO AQUEOUS FILM-
                    FORMING FOAM.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the National Institute of Standards and Technology and in 
consultation with appropriate stakeholders and manufactures, 
research institutions, and other Federal agencies shall award 
grants and carry out other activities to--
            (1) promote and advance the research and 
        development of additional alternatives to aqueous film-
        forming foam (in this section referred to as ``AFFF'') 
        containing per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (in this 
        section referred to as ``PFAS'') to facilitate the 
        development of a military specification and subsequent 
        fielding of a PFAS-free fire-fighting foam;
            (2) advance the use of green and sustainable 
        chemistry for a fluorine-free alternative to AFFF;
            (3) increase opportunities for sharing best 
        practices within the research and development sector 
        with respect to AFFF;
            (4) assist in the testing of potential alternatives 
        to AFFF; and
            (5) provide guidelines on priorities with respect 
        to an alternative to AFFF.
    (b) Additional Requirements.--In carrying out the program 
required under subsection (a), the Secretary shall--
            (1) take into consideration the different uses of 
        AFFF and the priorities of the Department of Defense in 
        finding an alternative;
            (2) prioritize green and sustainable chemicals that 
        do not pose a threat to public health or the 
        environment; and
            (3) use and leverage research from existing 
        Department of Defense programs.
    (c) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to Congress a 
report on--
            (1) the priorities and actions taken with respect 
        to finding an alternative to AFFF and the 
        implementation of such priorities; and
            (2) any alternatives the Secretary has denied, and 
        the reason for any such denial.
    (d) Use of Funds.--This section shall be carried out using 
amounts authorized to be available for the Strategic 
Environmental Research and Development Program.

SEC. 335. NOTIFICATION TO AGRICULTURAL OPERATIONS LOCATED IN AREAS 
                    EXPOSED TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PFAS USE.

    (a) Notification Required.--Not later than 60 days after 
the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense, in consultation with the Secretary of Agriculture, 
shall provide a notification described in subsection (b) to any 
agricultural operation located within one mile down gradient of 
a military installation or National Guard facility where 
covered PFAS--
            (1) has been detected in groundwater;
            (2) has been hydrologically linked to a local 
        agricultural or drinking water source, including a 
        water well; and
            (3) is suspected to be, or known to be, the result 
        of the use of PFAS at an installation of the Department 
        of Defense located in the United States or State-owned 
        facility of the National Guard.
    (b) Notification Requirements.--The notification required 
under subsection (a) shall include the following information:
            (1) The name of the Department of Defense 
        installation or National Guard facility from which the 
        covered PFAS in groundwater originated.
            (2) The specific covered PFAS detected in 
        groundwater.
            (3) The levels of the covered PFAS detected.
            (4) Relevant governmental information regarding the 
        health and safety of the covered PFAS detected, 
        including relevant Federal or State standards for PFAS 
        in groundwater, livestock, food commodities and 
        drinking water, and any known restrictions for sale of 
        agricultural products that have been irrigated or 
        watered with water containing PFAS.
    (c) Additional Testing Results.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall provide to an agricultural operation that receives a 
notice under subsection (a) any pertinent updated information, 
including any results of new elevated testing, by not later 
than 15 days after receiving validated test results.
    (d) Report to Congress.--Not later than 90 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committee on 
Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate and the 
Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives a 
report on the status of providing notice under subsection (a). 
Such report shall include, for the period covered by the 
report--
            (1) the approximate locations of such operations 
        relative to installations of the Department of Defense 
        located in the United States and State-owned facilities 
        of the National Guard;
            (2) the covered PFAS detected in groundwater; and
            (3) the levels of covered PFAS detected.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered PFAS'' means each of the 
        following:
                    (A) Perfluorooctanoic acid (commonly 
                referred to as ``PFOA'') (Chemical Abstracts 
                Service No. 335-67-1) detected in groundwater 
                above 70 parts per trillion, individually or in 
                combination with PFOS.
                    (B) Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (commonly 
                referred to as ``PFOS'') (Chemical Abstracts 
                Service No. 1763-23-1) detected in groundwater 
                above 70 parts per trillion, individually or in 
                combination with PFOA.
                    (C) Perfluorobutanesulfonic acid (commonly 
                referred to as ``PFBS'') (Chemical Abstracts 
                Service No. 375-73-5) detected in groundwater 
                above 40 parts per billion.
            (2) The term ``PFAS'' means a perfluoroalkyl or 
        polyfluoroalkyl substance with at least one fully 
        fluorinated carbon atom, including the chemical GenX.

SEC. 336. REPORTING ON ENERGY SAVINGS PERFORMANCE CONTRACTS.

    (a) In General.--Section 2925(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (7) as paragraph 
        (8); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following 
        new paragraph:
            ``(7) A description of the use of energy savings 
        performance contracts (in this paragraph referred to as 
        `ESPCs') by the Department of Defense, including--
                    ``(A) the total investment value of the 
                total number of ESPCs per service for the 
                previous five fiscal years;
                    ``(B) the location of facilities with ESPCs 
                for the previous five fiscal years;
                    ``(C) any limitations on expanding ESPCs 
                throughout the Department of Defense;
                    ``(D) the effect ESPCs have on military 
                readiness; and
                    ``(E) any additional information the 
                Secretary determines relevant.''.
    (b) Applicability.--The reporting requirement under 
paragraph (7) of section 2925(a) of title 10, United States 
Code, as added by subsection (a) of this section, applies to 
reports submitted under such section 2925 for fiscal year 2021 
and thereafter.

SEC. 337. INCREASE IN FUNDING FOR CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL STUDY ON 
                    HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PER- AND POLYFLUOROALKYL 
                    SUBSTANCES CONTAMINATION IN DRINKING WATER.

    Section 316(a)(2)(B)(ii) of the National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 (Public Law 115-91; 131 
Stat. 1350) is amended by striking ``$10,000,000'' and 
inserting ``$15,000,000''.

SEC. 338. GUARANTEEING EQUIPMENT SAFETY FOR FIREFIGHTERS ACT OF 2020.

    (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the 
``Guaranteeing Equipment Safety for Firefighters Act of 2020''.
    (b) National Institute of Standards and Technology Study on 
Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in Personal Protective 
Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 3 years after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of the 
        National Institute of Standards and Technology shall, 
        subject to availability of appropriations, in 
        consultation with the Director of the National 
        Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, complete 
        a study of the contents and composition of new and 
        unused personal protective equipment worn by 
        firefighters.
            (2) Contents of study.--In carrying out the study 
        required by paragraph (1), the Director of the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology shall examine--
                    (A) the identity, prevalence, and 
                concentration of per- and polyfluoroalkyl 
                substances (commonly known as ``PFAS'') in the 
                personal protective equipment worn by 
                firefighters;
                    (B) the conditions and extent to which per- 
                and polyfluoroalkyl substances are released 
                into the environment over time from the 
                degradation of personal protective equipment 
                from normal use by firefighters; and
                    (C) the relative risk of exposure to per- 
                and polyfluoroalkyl substances faced by 
                firefighters from--
                            (i) their use of personal 
                        protective equipment; and
                            (ii) degradation of personal 
                        protective equipment from normal use by 
                        firefighters.
            (3) Reports.--
                    (A) Progress reports.--Not less frequently 
                than once each year for the duration of the 
                study conducted under paragraph (1), the 
                Director shall submit to Congress a report on 
                the progress of the Director in conducting such 
                study.
                    (B) Final report.--Not later than 90 days 
                after the date on which the Director completes 
                the study required by paragraph (1), the 
                Director shall submit to Congress a report 
                describing--
                            (i) the findings of the Director 
                        with respect to the study; and
                            (ii) recommendations on what 
                        additional research or technical 
                        improvements to personal protective 
                        equipment materials or components 
                        should be pursued to avoid unnecessary 
                        occupational exposure among 
                        firefighters to per- and 
                        polyfluoroalkyl substances through 
                        personal protective equipment.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated $2,500,000 for each of 
        fiscal years 2021 and 2022.
    (c) Research on Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances in 
Personal Protective Equipment Worn by Firefighters.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 180 days after the 
        date of the submittal of the report required by 
        subsection (b)(3)(B), the Director of the National 
        Institute of Standards and Technology shall, subject to 
        the availability of appropriations--
                    (A) issue a solicitation for research 
                proposals to carry out the research 
                recommendations identified in the report 
                submitted under subsection (b)(3)(B); and
                    (B) award grants to applicants that submit 
                research proposals to develop safe alternatives 
                to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances in 
                personal protective equipment.
            (2) Criteria.--The Director shall select research 
        proposals to receive a grant under paragraph (1) on the 
        basis of merit, using criteria identified by the 
        Director, including the likelihood that the research 
        results will address the findings of the Director with 
        respect to the study conducted under subsection (b)(1).
            (3) Eligible entities.--Any entity or group of 2 or 
        more entities may submit to the Director a research 
        proposal in response to the solicitation for research 
        proposals under paragraph (1), including--
                    (A) State and local agencies;
                    (B) public institutions, including public 
                institutions of higher education;
                    (C) private corporations; and
                    (D) nonprofit organizations.
            (4) Authorization of appropriations.--There are 
        authorized to be appropriated $5,000,000 for fiscal 
        year 2023, $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2024, and 
        $5,000,000 for fiscal year 2025 to carry out this 
        section.
    (d) Authority for Director of the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology to Consult With Experts on Matters 
Relating to Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances.--In carrying 
out this section, the Director of the National Institute of 
Standards and Technology may consult with Federal agencies, 
nongovernmental organizations, State and local governments, and 
science and research institutions determined by the Director to 
have scientific or material interest in reducing unnecessary 
occupational exposure to per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances by 
firefighters.

SEC. 339. ASSESSMENT OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXCESS PROPERTY PROGRAMS 
                    WITH RESPECT TO NEED AND WILDFIRE RISK.

    (a) Assessment of Programs.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense, acting 
        through the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, 
        jointly with the Secretary of Agriculture, acting 
        through the Chief of the Forest Service, shall assess 
        the Firefighter Property Program (FFP) and the Federal 
        Excess Personal Property Program (FEPP) implementation 
        and best practices, taking into account community need 
        and risk, including whether a community is an at-risk 
        community (as defined in section 101(1) of the Healthy 
        Forests Restoration Act of 2003 (16 U.S.C. 6511(1)).
            (2) Collaboration.--In carrying out the assessment 
        required under paragraph (1), the Secretary of Defense, 
        acting through the Director of the Defense Logistics 
        Agency, and the Secretary of Agriculture, acting 
        through the Chief of the Forest Service, shall consult 
        with State foresters and participants in the programs 
        described in such paragraph.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, acting through 
the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, jointly with the 
Secretary of Agriculture, acting through the Chief of the 
Forest Service, shall submit to the Committee on Armed Services 
and the Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
Representatives and the Committee on Armed Services and the 
Committee on Agriculture, Forestry, and Nutrition of the Senate 
a report on the assessment required under paragraph (1) of 
subsection (a) and any findings and recommendations with 
respect to the programs described in such paragraph.

                 Subtitle C--Logistics and Sustainment

SEC. 341. NATIONAL DEFENSE SUSTAINMENT AND LOGISTICS REVIEW.

    (a) In General.--Chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, 
is amended by inserting after section 118 the following new 
section:

``Sec. 118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review

    ``(a) Review Required.--Upon submission of each national 
defense strategy under section 113(g) of this title, the 
Secretary of Defense shall conduct a comprehensive review of 
the sustainment and logistics requirements necessary to support 
the force structure, force modernization, infrastructure, force 
deployment capabilities, and other elements of the defense 
program and policies of the United States during the subsequent 
5-, 10-, and 25-year periods. Each such review shall be known 
as the `National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review'. 
Each such review shall be conducted in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, the Chiefs of Staff of 
the Armed Forces, all functional and geographic combatant 
commanders, and the Director of the Defense Logistics Agency.
    ``(b) Report to Congress.--(1) Not later than the first 
Monday in February of the year following the fiscal year during 
which the National Defense Strategy was submitted under section 
113(g) of this title, the Secretary shall submit to the 
congressional defense committees a report on the review 
required by subsection (a). Each such report shall include each 
of the following:
            ``(A) An assessment of the strategic, operational, 
        and tactical maritime logistics force (including non-
        military assets provided by Military Sealift Command, 
        the Maritime Administration, and through the Voluntary 
        Intermodal Sealift Agreement and Voluntary Tanker 
        Agreement) required to support sealift, at sea 
        logistics, and over-the-shore logistics of forces to 
        meet steady state and contingency requirements and the 
        strategic and intra-theater movement of supplies, 
        personnel, and equipment.
            ``(B) An assessment of the strategic, operational, 
        and tactical airlift and tankers (including non-
        military assets provided by the Civil Reserve Air 
        Fleet) required to meet steady state and contingency 
        requirements.
            ``(C) An assessment of the location, configuration, 
        material condition, and inventory of prepositioned 
        materiel, equipment, and war reserves programs, as well 
        as the ability to store and distribute these items to 
        deployed military forces, required to meet steady state 
        and contingency requirements.
            ``(D) An assessment of the location, 
        infrastructure, and storage capacity for petroleum, 
        oil, and lubricant products, as well as the ability to 
        store, transport, and distribute such products from 
        storage supply points to deployed military forces, 
        required to meet steady state and contingency 
        requirements.
            ``(E) An assessment of the capabilities, capacity, 
        and infrastructure of the Department of Defense organic 
        industrial base and private sector industrial base 
        required to meet steady-state and surge software and 
        depot maintenance requirements.
            ``(F) An assessment of the production capability, 
        capacity, and infrastructure, of the Department of 
        Defense organic industrial base and private sector 
        industrial base required to meet steady-state and surge 
        production requirements for ammunition and other 
        military munitions.
            ``(G) An assessment of the condition, capacity, 
        location, and survivability under likely threats of 
        military infrastructure located both inside the 
        continental United States and outside the continental 
        United States, including agreements with and 
        infrastructure provided by international partners, 
        required to generate, project, and sustain military 
        forces to meet steady-state and contingency 
        requirements.
            ``(H) An assessment of the cybersecurity risks to 
        military and commercial logistics networks and 
        information technology systems.
            ``(I) An assessment of the gaps between the 
        requirements identified under subparagraphs (A) through 
        (H) compared to the actual force structure and 
        infrastructure capabilities, capacity, and posture and 
        the risks associated with each gap as it relates to the 
        ability to meet the national defense strategy.
            ``(J) A discussion of the identified mitigations 
        being pursued to address each gap and risk identified 
        under subparagraph (I) as well as the initiatives and 
        resources planned to address such gaps, as included in 
        the Department of Defense budget request submitted 
        during the same year as the report and the applicable 
        future-years defense program.
            ``(K) An assessment of the extent to which wargames 
        incorporate logistics capabilities and threats and a 
        description of the logistics constraints and restraints 
        to operations identified through such wargames.
            ``(L) An assessment of the ability of the 
        Department of Defense, the Armed Forces, and the 
        combatant commands to leverage and integrate emergent 
        logistics related technologies and advanced computing 
        systems.
            ``(M) Such other matters the Secretary of Defense 
        considers appropriate.
    ``(2) In preparing the report under paragraph (1), the 
Secretary of Defense shall consult with, and consider the 
recommendations of, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    ``(3) The report required under this subsection shall be 
submitted in classified form and shall include an unclassified 
summary.
    ``(c) Comptroller General Review.--Not later than 180 days 
after the date on which Secretary submits each report required 
under subsection (b), the Comptroller General shall submit to 
the congressional defense committees a report that includes an 
assessment of each of the following:
            ``(1) Whether the report includes each of the 
        elements referred to in subsection (b).
            ``(2) The strengths and weaknesses of the approach 
        and methodology used in conducting the review required 
        under subsection (a) that is covered by the report.
            ``(3) Any other matters relating to sustainment 
        that may arise from the report, as the Comptroller 
        General considers appropriate.
    ``(d) Relationship to Budget.--Nothing in this section 
shall be construed to affect section 1105(a) of title 31.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of such chapter is amended by inserting after the 
item relating to section 118 the following new item:

``118a. National Defense Sustainment and Logistics Review.''.
    (c) Deadline for Submittal of First Report.--
Notwithstanding the deadline in subsection (b)(1) of section 
118a of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection 
(a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit the first report 
under such section not later than the date that is 18 months 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, unless a new 
National Defense Strategy is released prior to such date.

SEC. 342. REPEAL OF SUNSET FOR MINIMUM ANNUAL PURCHASE AMOUNT FOR 
                    CARRIERS PARTICIPATING IN THE CIVIL RESERVE AIR 
                    FLEET.

    Section 9515 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking subsection (k).

SEC. 343. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS FOR INCLUSION IN NAVY SHIP DEPOT 
                    MAINTENANCE BUDGET REPORT.

    Section 363(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92) is amended by adding 
at the end the following new paragraphs:
            ``(6) The execution of the planned schedule, 
        categorized by class of ship, for each of the three 
        preceding fiscal years, including--
                    ``(A) the actual contract award compared to 
                the milestone;
                    ``(B) the planned completion date compared 
                to the actual completion date; and
                    ``(C) each regional maintenance center's 
                availability schedule performance for on-time 
                availability completion.
            ``(7) In accordance with the findings of the 
        Government Accountability Office (GAO 20-370)--
                    ``(A) in 2021, an analysis plan for the 
                evaluation of pilot program availabilities 
                funded by the Other Procurement, Navy account; 
                and
                    ``(B) in 2022, a report on the Navy's 
                progress implementing such analysis plan.''.

SEC. 344. CLARIFICATION OF LIMITATION ON LENGTH OF OVERSEAS FORWARD 
                    DEPLOYMENT OF CURRENTLY DEPLOYED NAVAL VESSELS.

    Section 323(b) of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 132 
Stat. 1720; 10 U.S.C. 8690 note) is amended by striking ``In 
the case of any naval vessel'' and inserting ``In the case of 
any aircraft carrier, amphibious ship, cruiser, destroyer, 
frigate, or littoral combat ship''.

SEC. 345. INDEPENDENT ADVISORY PANEL ON WEAPON SYSTEM SUSTAINMENT.

    (a) Establishment.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish an independent advisory panel (in this section 
referred to as the ``panel'') on the weapon system sustainment 
ecosystem. The National Defense University and the Defense 
Acquisition University shall sponsor the panel, including by 
providing administrative support.
    (b) Membership.--
            (1) Composition.--The panel shall be comprised of 
        nine members, of whom--
                    (A) five shall be appointed by the 
                Secretary of Defense;
                    (B) one shall be appointed by the Chairman 
                of the Committee on Armed Services of the 
                Senate;
                    (C) one shall be appointed by the Ranking 
                Member of the Committee on Armed Services of 
                the Senate;
                    (D) one shall be appointed by the Chairman 
                of the Committee on Armed Services of the House 
                of Representatives; and
                    (E) one shall be appointed by the Ranking 
                Member of the Committee on Armed Services of 
                the House of Representatives.
            (2) Expertise.--In making appointments under this 
        subsection, consideration should be given to 
        individuals with expertise in public and private-sector 
        acquisition, sustainment, and logistics policy in 
        aviation, ground, maritime systems, and space systems 
        and their related components.
            (3) Appointment date.--The appointment of the 
        members of the panel shall be made not later than 120 
        days after the date of the enactment of this Act.
    (c) Duties.--The panel shall--
            (1) review the weapon system sustainment ecosystem 
        from development, production, and sustainment of the 
        weapon system through use in the field, depot and 
        field-level maintenance, modification, and disposal 
        with a goal of--
                    (A) maximizing the availability and mission 
                capabilities of weapon systems;
                    (B) reducing overall life-cycle costs of 
                weapon systems during fielding, operation and 
                sustainment; and
                    (C) aligning weapon system sustainment 
                functions to the most recent national defense 
                strategy submitted pursuant to section 113 of 
                title 10, United States Code; and
            (2) using information from the review of the weapon 
        system sustainment ecosystem, make recommendations 
        related to statutory, regulatory, policy, or 
        operational best practices the panel considers 
        necessary.
    (d) Report.--
            (1) Interim report.--Not later than 1 year after 
        the date on which all members of the panel have been 
        appointed, the panel shall provide to the Secretary of 
        Defense and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives a briefing on the 
        interim findings and recommendations of the panel.
            (2) Final report.--Not later than 2 years after the 
        date on which all members of the panel have been 
        appointed, the panel shall submit to the Secretary of 
        Defense and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and House of Representatives a report setting 
        forth a detailed statement of the findings and 
        conclusions of the panel as a result of the review 
        described in subsection (c), together with such 
        recommendations related to statutory, regulatory, 
        policy, or operational practices as the panel considers 
        appropriate in light of the results of the review.
    (e) Administrative Matters.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        provide the panel with timely access to appropriate 
        information, data, resources, analysis, and logistics 
        support so that the panel may conduct a thorough and 
        independent assessment as required under this section.
            (2) Effect of lack of appointment by appointment 
        date.--If any member has not been appointed by the date 
        specified in subsection (b)(3), the authority to 
        appoint such member under subsection (b)(1) shall 
        expire, and the number of members of the panel shall be 
        reduced by the number equal to the number of 
        appointments so not made.
            (3) Period of appointment; vacancies.--Members of 
        the panel shall be appointed for the duration of the 
        panel. Any vacancy in the panel shall not affect its 
        powers, but shall be filled in the same manner as the 
        original appointment.
            (4) Chair.--The panel shall select a Chair from 
        among its members. The Chair may not be a Federal 
        officer or employee.
    (f) Termination.--The panel shall terminate 90 days after 
the date on which the panel submits the report required under 
subsection (d)(2).

SEC. 346. BIANNUAL BRIEFINGS ON STATUS OF SHIPYARD INFRASTRUCTURE 
                    OPTIMIZATION PLAN.

    (a) Briefings Required.--During the period beginning on 
July 1, 2020, and ending on July 1, 2025, the Secretary of the 
Navy shall provide to the congressional defense committees 
biannual briefings on the status of the Shipyard Infrastructure 
Optimization Plan.
    (b) Elements of Briefings.--Each briefing under subsection 
(a) shall include a discussion of the status of each of the 
following elements:
            (1) A master plan for infrastructure development, 
        including projected military construction and capital 
        equipment projects.
            (2) A planning and design update for military 
        construction, minor military construction, and facility 
        sustainment projects over the subsequent five-year 
        period.
            (3) A human capital management and development 
        plan.
            (4) A workload management plan that includes 
        synchronization requirements for each shipyard and ship 
        class.
            (5) Performance metrics and an assessment plan.
            (6) A funding and authority plan that includes 
        funding lines across the future years defense program.
            (7) A listing of equipment from Federal Supply 
        Classes 3411 (Boring Machines), 3416 (Lathes) and 3441 
        (Bending and Forming Machines) that has been 
        unserviceable for over 30 consecutive days, including, 
        for each such piece of equipment--
                    (A) the reason for the delayed repair;
                    (B) the availability of technical 
                representatives from the manufacturer to 
                provide assistance in diagnosing and repairing 
                the discrepancy; and
                    (C) the estimated time to repair.

SEC. 347. MATERIEL READINESS METRICS AND OBJECTIVES FOR MAJOR WEAPON 
                    SYSTEMS.

    (a) In General.--Section 118 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) by amending the section heading to read as 
        follows: ``Materiel readiness metrics and objectives 
        for major weapon systems'';
            (2) by striking ``Not later than five days'' and 
        inserting the following:
    ``(d) Budget Justification.--Not later than five days'';
            (3) by inserting before subsection (d) (as 
        designated by paragraph (2)) the following new 
        subsections:
    ``(a) Materiel Readiness Metrics.--Each head of an element 
of the Department specified in paragraphs (1) through (10) of 
section 111(b) of this title shall establish and maintain 
materiel readiness metrics to enable assessment of the 
readiness of members of the armed forces to carry out--
            ``(1) the strategic framework required by section 
        113(g)(1)(B)(vii) of this title; and
            ``(2) guidance issued by the Secretary of Defense 
        pursuant to section 113(g)(1)(B) of this title.
    ``(b) Required Metrics.--At a minimum, the materiel 
readiness metrics required by subsection (a) shall address the 
materiel availability, operational availability, operational 
capability, and materiel reliability of each major weapon 
system by designated mission, design series, variant, or class.
    ``(c) Materiel Readiness Objectives.--(1) Not later than 
one year after the date of the enactment of this subsection, 
each head of an element described in subsection (a) shall 
establish the metrics required by subsection (b) necessary to 
support the strategic framework and guidance referred to in 
paragraph (1) and (2) of subsection (a).
    ``(2) Annually, each head of an element described in 
subsection (a) shall review and revise the metrics required by 
subsection (b) and include any such revisions in the materials 
submitted to Congress in support of the budget of the President 
under section 1105 of title 31.'';
            (4) in subsection (d) (as designated by paragraph 
        (2))--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``materiel 
                        reliability, and mean down time metrics 
                        for each major weapons system'' and 
                        inserting ``operational availability, 
                        and materiel reliability for each major 
                        weapon system''; and
                            (ii) by inserting ``and'' at the 
                        end;
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``; and'' 
                and inserting a period at the end; and
                    (C) by striking paragraph (3); and
            (5) by adding at the end the following new 
        subsection:
    ``(e) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `major weapon system' has the 
        meaning given in section 2379(f) of this title.
            ``(2) The term `materiel availability' means a 
        measure of the percentage of the total inventory of a 
        major weapon system that is operationally capable of 
        performing an assigned mission.
            ``(3) The term `materiel reliability' means the 
        probability that a major weapon system will perform 
        without failure over a specified interval.
            ``(4) The term `operational availability' means a 
        measure of the percentage of time a major weapon system 
        is operationally capable.
            ``(5) The term `operationally capable' means a 
        materiel condition indicating that a major weapon 
        system is capable of performing its assigned mission 
        and has no discrepancies with a subsystem of a major 
        weapon system.''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 2 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by striking the item relating to section 118 and 
inserting the following new item:

``118. Materiel readiness metrics and objectives for major defense 
          acquisition programs.''.

SEC. 348. REPEAL OF STATUTORY REQUIREMENT FOR NOTIFICATION TO DIRECTOR 
                    OF DEFENSE LOGISTICS AGENCY THREE YEARS PRIOR TO 
                    IMPLEMENTING CHANGES TO ANY UNIFORM OR UNIFORM 
                    COMPONENT.

    Section 356 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
U.S.C. 771 note prec.) is amended--
            (1) by striking subsection (a);
            (2) by redesignating subsections (b) and (c) as 
        subsections (a) and (b), respectively; and
            (3) in subsections (a) and (b), as so redesignated, 
        by striking ``Commander'' each place it appears and 
        inserting ``Director''.

               Subtitle D--Munitions Safety and Oversight

SEC. 351. CHAIR OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE EXPLOSIVE SAFETY BOARD.

    (a) Responsibilities.--Section 172 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended by adding at the end the following new 
subsections:
    ``(c) Responsibilities of Chair.--The chair of the 
explosive safety board shall carry out the following 
responsibilities:
            ``(1) To act as the principal executive 
        representative and advisor of the Secretary on 
        explosive and chemical agent safety matters related to 
        Department of Defense military munitions.
            ``(2) To perform the hazard classification approval 
        duties assigned to the chair.
            ``(3) To preside over meetings of the explosive 
        safety board.
            ``(4) To direct the staff of the explosive safety 
        board.
            ``(5) To performs other functions relating to 
        explosives safety management, as directed by the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Sustainment.
            ``(6) To provide impartial and objective advice 
        related to explosives safety management to the 
        Secretary of Defense and the heads of the military 
        departments.
            ``(7) To serve as the principal representative and 
        advisor of the Department of Defense on matters 
        relating to explosives safety management.
            ``(8) To provide assistance and advice to the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
        and the Deputy Director of Land Warfare and Munitions 
        in munitions acquisition oversight and technology 
        advancement for Department of Defense military 
        munitions, especially in the areas of explosives and 
        chemical agent safety and demilitarization.
            ``(9) To provide assistance and advice to the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Logistics and 
        Material Readiness in sustainment oversight of 
        Department of Defense military munitions, especially in 
        the areas of explosives and chemical agent safety, 
        storage, transportation, and demilitarization.
            ``(10) To develop and recommend issuances to define 
        the functions of the explosive safety board.
            ``(11) To establishes joint hazard classification 
        procedures with covered components of the Department.
            ``(12) To make recommendations to the Under 
        Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment 
        with respect to explosives and chemical agent safety 
        tenets and requirements.
            ``(13) To conducts oversight of Department of 
        Defense explosive safety management programs.
            ``(14) To carry out such other responsibilities as 
        the Secretary of Defense determines appropriate.
    ``(d) Responsibilities of Executive Director and Civilian 
Members.--The executive director and civilian members of the 
explosive safety board shall--
            ``(1) provide assistance to the chair in carrying 
        out the responsibilities specified in subsection (c); 
        and
            ``(2) carry out such other responsibilities as the 
        chair determines appropriate.
    ``(e) Meetings.--(1) The explosive safety board shall meet 
not less frequently than quarterly.
    ``(2) The chair shall submit to the congressional defense 
committees an annual report describing the activities conducted 
at the meetings of the board.
    ``(f) Exclusive Responsibilities.--The explosive safety 
board shall have exclusive responsibility within the Department 
of Defense for--
            ``(1) recommending new and updated explosive and 
        chemical agent safety regulations and standards to the 
        Assistant Secretary of Defense for Energy Installations 
        and Environment for submittal to the Under Secretary of 
        Defense for Acquisition and Sustainment; and
            ``(2) acting as the primary forum for coordination 
        among covered components of the Department on all 
        matters related to explosive safety management.
    ``(g) Covered Components.--In this section, the covered 
components of the Department are each of the following:
            ``(1) The Office of the Secretary of Defense.
            ``(2) The military departments.
            ``(3) The Office of the Chairman of the Joint 
        Chiefs of Staff and the Joint Staff, the Combatant 
        Commands.
            ``(4) The Office of the Inspector General of the 
        Department.
            ``(5) The Defense Agencies.
            ``(6) The Department of Defense field activities.
            ``(7) All other organizational entities within the 
        Department.''.
    (b) Deadline for Appointment.--By not later than 90 days 
after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
Defense shall take such steps as may be necessary to ensure 
that the explosive safety board of the Department of Defense, 
as authorized under section 172 of title 10, United States 
Code, has a chair who is a military officer and whose 
responsibilities include the day-to-day management of the 
explosive safety board and the responsibilities provided in 
subsection (c) of such section.
    (c) Limitation on Use of Funds.--Of the amounts authorized 
to be appropriated or otherwise made available in this Act for 
the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition 
and Sustainment for fiscal year 2021, not more than 75 percent 
may be obligated or expended until the date on which the Under 
Secretary of Defense certifies to the congressional defense 
committees that all board member positions, including the 
chair, of the Department of Defense explosive safety board, as 
authorized under section 172 of title 10, United States Code, 
as amended by this section, have been filled by military 
officers as required by such section.

SEC. 352. EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL DEFENSE PROGRAM.

    (a) Roles, Responsibilities, and Authorities.--Section 
2284(b) of title 10, United States Code, as amended by section 
1052 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2020 (Public Law 116-92), is further amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)(A)--
                    (A) by inserting ``and'' before 
                ``integration''; and
                    (B) by striking ``an Assistant Secretary of 
                Defense'' and inserting ``the Assistant 
                Secretary of Defense for Special Operations and 
                Low Intensity Conflict'';
            (2) in paragraph (2), by striking ``to whom 
        responsibility is assigned under paragraph (1)(A)'' and 
        inserting ``for Special Operations and Low Intensity 
        Conflict'';
            (3) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) as 
        paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively; and
            (4) by inserting after paragraph (2) the following 
        new paragraph (3):
            ``(3) the Assistant Secretary of Defense for 
        Special Operations and Low Intensity Conflict shall 
        coordinate with--
                    ``(A) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Intelligence on explosive ordnance technical 
                intelligence;
                    ``(B) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Acquisition and Sustainment on explosive 
                ordnance disposal research, development, 
                acquisition, and sustainment;
                    ``(C) the Under Secretary of Defense for 
                Research and Engineering on explosive ordnance 
                disposal research, development, test, and 
                evaluation;
                    ``(D) the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
                for Homeland Security and Global Security on 
                explosive ordnance disposal on defense support 
                of civil authorities; and
                    ``(E) the Assistant Secretary of Defense 
                for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense 
                programs on explosive ordnance disposal for 
                combating weapons of mass destruction;''.
    (b) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense, in 
coordination with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and House of Representatives a report of the Explosive Ordnance 
Disposal Defense Program under section 2284 of title 10, United 
States Code. Such report shall include each of the following:
            (1) The status of the establishment and 
        organization of the Program and the compliance with the 
        requirements of such section, as amended by section 
        1052 of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
        Fiscal Year 2020.
            (2) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of designating the Joint Program Executive 
        Officer for Armaments and Ammunition as the joint 
        program executive officer for the explosive ordnance 
        disposal program, establishing a rotation of the role 
        between an Army, Navy, and Air Force entity on a 
        periodic basis, or other options determined 
        appropriate.
            (3) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of designating the Director of the Defense 
        Threat Reduction Agency with management responsibility 
        for a Defense-wide program element for explosive 
        ordnance disposal research, development, test, and 
        evaluation transactions other than contracts, 
        cooperative agreements, and grants related to section 
        2371 of title 10, United States Code, during research 
        projects including rapid prototyping and limited 
        procurement urgent activities and acquisition.

SEC. 353. ASSESSMENT OF RESILIENCE OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE MUNITIONS 
                    ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Assessment.--Not later than 60 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall enter 
into an agreement with a federally-funded research and 
development center with relevant expertise under which such 
center shall conduct an assessment of the resilience of the 
Department of Defense munitions enterprise.
    (b) Elements.--The assessment required under subsection (a) 
shall include the following elements:
            (1) An identification of the points of failure with 
        respect to the munitions enterprise, including physical 
        locations, materials, suppliers, contractors, and other 
        relevant elements, that, if failure occurs, would have 
        the largest negative impact on the capacity, 
        resiliency, and safety of the enterprise.
            (2) An evaluation of the efforts of the Department 
        of Defense to address the points of failure identified 
        under paragraph (1).
            (3) Recommendation with respect to any additional 
        efforts or actions that could be taken to provide for 
        mitigation or solutions with respect to such points of 
        failure.
            (4) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
        enterprise to support a sudden surge in demand to 
        support a contingency.
            (5) An evaluation of the capacity of the munitions 
        enterprise to withstand intentional disruption during a 
        conflict.
    (c) Report and Briefings.--The Secretary shall--
            (1) submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report on the results of assessment conducted under 
        this section by not later than December 31, 2021; and
            (2) provide for such committees interim briefings 
        on such assessment upon request.
    (d) Point of Failure.--In this section, the term ``point of 
failure'' means, with respect to the munitions enterprise, an 
aspect of the enterprise, that, if it were to fail or be 
significantly negatively impacted would cause the portion of 
the enterprise it supports to either fail or be significantly 
negatively impacted.

SEC. 354. REPORT ON SAFETY WAIVERS AND MISHAPS IN DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    MUNITIONS ENTERPRISE.

    (a) Report Required.--The Secretary shall include with the 
Department of Defense materials submitted to Congress with the 
budget of the President for each of fiscal years 2022 through 
2025 (as submitted to Congress pursuant to section 1105 of 
title 31, United States Code), a report on safety waivers 
provided in the Department of Defense munitions enterprise. 
Each such report shall include each of the following for the 
year covered by the report and each of the preceding 3 years:
            (1) A list of each waiver, exemption, and 
        secretarial exemption or certification provided with 
        respect to any Department of Defense munitions safety 
        standard.
            (2) For each such waiver, exemption, or 
        certification provided--
                    (A) the location where the waiver, 
                exemption, or certification was provided;
                    (B) a summary of the justification used for 
                providing the waiver, exemption, or 
                certification;
                    (C) the time period during which the 
                waiver, exemption, or certification applies and 
                the number of times such a waiver, exemption, 
                or certification has been provided at that 
                location; and
                    (D) a list of all safety-related mishaps 
                that occurred at locations where waivers, 
                exemptions, or certifications were in place, 
                and for each such mishap, whether or not a 
                subsequent investigation determined the waiver, 
                exemption, or certification was related or may 
                have been related to the mishap.
            (3) A list and summary of all class A through class 
        E mishaps related to the construction, storage, 
        transportation, usage, and demilitarization of 
        munitions.
            (4) Any mitigation efforts in place at any location 
        where a waiver, exemption, or certification has been 
        provided or where a safety-related mishap has occurred.
            (5) Such other matters as the Secretary determines 
        appropriate.
    (b) Munitions Defined.--In this section, the term 
``munitions'' includes ammunition, explosives, and chemical 
agents.

                       Subtitle E--Other Matters

SEC. 361. PILOT PROGRAM FOR TEMPORARY ISSUANCE OF MATERNITY-RELATED 
                    UNIFORM ITEMS.

    (a) Pilot Program.--The Director of the Defense Logistics 
Agency, in coordination with the Secretaries concerned, shall 
carry out a pilot program for issuing maternity-related uniform 
items to pregnant members of the Armed Forces, on a temporary 
basis and at no cost to such member. In carrying out the pilot 
program, the Director shall take the following actions:
            (1) The Director shall maintain a stock of each 
        type of maternity-related uniform item determined 
        necessary by the Secretary concerned, including service 
        uniforms items, utility uniform items, and other items 
        relating to the command and duty assignment of the 
        member requiring issuance.
            (2) The Director shall ensure that such items have 
        not been treated with the chemical permethrin.
            (3) The Director, in coordination with the 
        Secretary concerned, shall determine a standard number 
        of maternity-related uniform items that may be issued 
        per member.
            (4) The Secretary concerned shall ensure that any 
        member receiving a maternity-related uniform item 
        returns such item to the relevant office established 
        under paragraph (1) on the date on which the Secretary 
        concerned determines the member no longer requires such 
        item.
            (5) The Secretary concerned shall inspect, process, 
        repair, clean, and re-stock items returned by a member 
        pursuant to paragraph (4) for re-issuance from such 
        relevant office.
            (6) The Director, in coordination with the 
        Secretaries concerned, may issue such guidance and 
        regulations as necessary to carry out the pilot 
        program.
    (b) Termination.--No maternity-related uniform items may be 
issued to a member of the Armed Forces under the pilot program 
after September 30, 2026.
    (c) Report.--Not later than September 30, 2025, the 
Director of the Defense Logistics Agency, in coordination with 
the Secretaries concerned, shall submit to the congressional 
defense committees a report on the pilot program. Such report 
shall include each of the following:
            (1) For each year during which the pilot program 
        was carried out, the number of members of the Armed 
        Forces who received a maternity-related uniform item 
        under the pilot program.
            (2) An overview of the costs associated with, and 
        any savings realized by, the pilot program, including a 
        comparison of the cost of maintaining a stock of 
        maternity-related uniform items for issuance under the 
        pilot program versus the cost of providing allowances 
        to members for purchasing such items.
            (3) A recommendation on whether the pilot program 
        should be extended after the date of termination under 
        subsection (b) and whether legislation is necessary for 
        such extension.
            (4) Any other matters that the Secretary of Defense 
        determines appropriate.

SEC. 362. SERVICEWOMEN'S COMMEMORATIVE PARTNERSHIPS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of the Army may enter into a 
contract, partnership, or grant with a non-profit organization 
for the purpose of providing financial support for the 
maintenance and sustainment of infrastructure and facilities at 
military service memorials and museums that highlight the role 
of women in the military. Such a contract, partnership, or 
grant shall be referred to as a ``Servicewomen's Commemorative 
Partnership''.
    (b) Authorization of Appropriations.--Of the amounts 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021, as 
identified in division D of this Act, $3,000,000 shall be 
available for Servicewomen's Commemorative Partnerships under 
subsection (a).

SEC. 363. BIODEFENSE ANALYSIS AND BUDGET SUBMISSION.

    (a) Annual Analysis.--For each fiscal year, beginning in 
fiscal year 2023, the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget, in consultation with the Secretary of Health and Human 
Services shall--
            (1) conduct a detailed and comprehensive analysis 
        of Federal biodefense programs; and
            (2) develop an integrated biodefense budget 
        submission.
    (b) Definition of Biodefense.--In accordance with the 
National Biodefense Strategy, the Director shall develop and 
disseminate to all Federal departments and agencies a unified 
definition of the term ``biodefense'' to identify which 
programs and activities are included in the annual budget 
submission required under subsection (a).
    (c) Requirements for Analysis.--The analysis required under 
subsection (a) shall include--
            (1) the display of all funds requested for 
        biodefense activities, both mandatory and 
        discretionary, by agency and categorized by biodefense 
        enterprise element, such as threat awareness, 
        prevention, deterrence, preparedness, surveillance and 
        detection, response, attribution (including bioforensic 
        capabilities), recovery, and mitigation; and
            (2) detailed explanations of how each program and 
        activity included aligns with biodefense goals and 
        objectives as part of the National Biodefense Strategy 
        required under section 1086 of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104).
    (d) Submittal to Congress.--The Director, in consultation 
with the Secretary of Health and Human Services, shall submit 
to Congress the analysis required under subsection (a) for a 
fiscal year concurrently with the President's annual budget 
request for that fiscal year.

SEC. 364. UPDATE OF NATIONAL BIODEFENSE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN.

    (a) In General.--The Secretaries of Health and Human 
Services, Defense, Agriculture, Homeland Security, and all 
other Departments and agencies with responsibilities for 
biodefense, such as the Department of State, in consultation 
with the Assistant to the President for National Security 
Affairs and the Director of the Office of Management and 
Budget, as appropriate, shall jointly, after reviewing the 
biodefense threat assessment described in subsection (d) and 
any relevant input from external stakeholders, as appropriate, 
update the National Biodefense Implementation Plan developed 
under section 1086 of the National Defense Authorization Act 
for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104) to clearly document 
established processes, roles, and responsibilities related to 
the National Biodefense Strategy.
    (b) Specific Updates.--The updated National Biodefense 
Implementation Plan shall--
            (1) describe the roles and responsibilities of the 
        Federal departments and agencies, including internal 
        and external coordination procedures, in identifying 
        and sharing information between and among Federal 
        departments and agencies, as described in section 
        1086(b)(4) of the National Defense Authorization Act 
        for Fiscal Year 2017 (6 U.S.C. 104(b)(4)) and 
        consistent with the statutory roles and authorities of 
        such departments and agencies;
            (2) describe roles, responsibilities, and processes 
        for decisionmaking, including decisions regarding use 
        of resources for effective risk management across the 
        enterprise;
            (3) describe resource plans for each department and 
        agency with responsibility for biodefense to support 
        implementation of the strategy within the jurisdiction 
        of such department or agency, including for the 
        Biodefense Coordination Team, as appropriate;
            (4) describe guidance and methods for analyzing the 
        data collected from agencies to include non-Federal 
        resources and capabilities to the extent practicable; 
        and
            (5) describe and update, as appropriate, 
        short-, medium-, and long-term goals for executing the 
        National Biodefense Strategy and metrics for meeting 
        each objective of the Strategy.
    (c) Submittal to Congress.--The Secretary of Health and 
Human Services, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of 
Agriculture, and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall, not 
later than 6 months after the date of the completion of the 
assessment in subsection (d)(1)(A), submit the updated 
Implementation Plan to the appropriate congressional 
committees.
    (d) Updated Biodefense Threat Assessment.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretaries of Health and 
        Human Services, Defense, Agriculture, and Homeland 
        Security, shall jointly, and in consultation with the 
        Director of National Intelligence, and other agency 
        heads as appropriate--
                    (A) conduct an assessment of current and 
                potential biological threats against the United 
                States, both naturally occurring and man-made, 
                either accidental or deliberate, including the 
                potential for catastrophic biological threats, 
                such as a pandemic;
                    (B) not later than 1 year after the date of 
                enactment of this section, submit the findings 
                of the assessment conducted under subparagraph 
                (A) to the Federal officials described in 
                subsection (d)(1)and the appropriate 
                congressional committees described in 
                subsection (e);
                    (C) not later than 30 days after the date 
                on which the assessment is submitted under 
                subparagraph (B), conduct a briefing for the 
                appropriate congressional committees on the 
                findings of the assessment;
                    (D) update the assessment under 
                subparagraph (A) biennially, as appropriate, 
                and provide the findings of such updated 
                assessments to the Federal officials described 
                in subsection (d)(1) and the appropriate 
                congressional committees; and
                    (E) conduct briefings for the appropriate 
                congressional committees as needed any time an 
                assessment under this paragraph is updated.
            (2) Classification and format.--Assessments under 
        paragraph (1) shall be submitted in an unclassified 
        format and include a classified annex, as appropriate.
    (e) Appropriate Congressional Committees Defined.--In this 
section, the term ``appropriate congressional committees'' 
means the following:
            (1) The Committees on Armed Services of the House 
        of Representatives and the Senate.
            (2) The Committee on Energy and Commerce of the 
        House of Representatives and the Committee on Health, 
        Education, Labor, and Pensions of the Senate.
            (3) The Committee on Homeland Security of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Homeland 
        Security and Governmental Affairs of the Senate.
            (4) The Committee on Agriculture of the House of 
        Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, 
        Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate.
            (5) The Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence 
        of the House of Representatives and the Select 
        Committee on Intelligence of the Senate.
            (6) The Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House 
        of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign 
        Relations of the Senate.
    (f) Rule of Construction.--Nothing in this section shall be 
construed to alter, limit, or duplicate the roles, 
responsibilities, authorities, or current activities, as 
established in statute or otherwise through existing practice 
or policy, of each Federal department or agency with 
responsibilities for biodefense or otherwise relevant to 
implementation of the National Biodefense Strategy.

SEC. 365. PLANS AND REPORTS ON EMERGENCY RESPONSE TRAINING FOR MILITARY 
                    INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Plans.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than 90 days after the 
        date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of 
        Defense shall ensure that each military installation 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that does not 
        conduct live emergency response training on an annual 
        basis or more frequently with the civilian law 
        enforcement and emergency response agencies responsible 
        for responding to an emergency at the installation 
        develops a plan to conduct such training.
            (2) Elements.--Each plan developed under paragraph 
        (1) with respect to an installation--
                    (A) shall include--
                            (i) the cost of implementing 
                        training described in paragraph (1) at 
                        the installation;
                            (ii) a description of any obstacles 
                        to the implementation of such training; 
                        and
                            (iii) recommendations for 
                        mitigating any such obstacles; and
                    (B) shall be designed to ensure that the 
                civilian law enforcement and emergency response 
                agencies described in paragraph (1) are 
                familiar with--
                            (i) the physical features of the 
                        installation, including gates, 
                        buildings, armories, headquarters, 
                        command and control centers, and 
                        medical facilities; and
                            (ii) the emergency response 
                        personnel and procedures of the 
                        installation.
            (3) Submittal of plans.--
                    (A) Submittal to secretary.--Not later than 
                90 days after the date of the enactment of this 
                Act, the commander of each military 
                installation required to develop a plan under 
                paragraph (1) shall submit such plan to the 
                Secretary of Defense.
                    (B) Submittal to congress.--Not later than 
                180 days after the date of the enactment of 
                this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
                Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
                the House of Representatives a summary of the 
                plans submitted to the Secretary under 
                subparagraph (A).
    (b) Reports on Training Conducted.--
            (1) List of installations.--Not later than March 1, 
        2021, the Secretary shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a list of all military installations 
        under the jurisdiction of the Secretary that conduct 
        live emergency response training on an annual basis or 
        more frequently with the civilian law enforcement and 
        emergency response agencies responsible for responding 
        to an emergency at the installation.
            (2) Annual reports.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                and annually thereafter, the commander of each 
                military installation under the jurisdiction of 
                the Secretary shall submit to the Secretary a 
                report on each live emergency response training 
                conducted during the year covered by the report 
                with the civilian law enforcement and emergency 
                response agencies responsible for responding to 
                an emergency at the installation.
                    (B) Elements.--Each report submitted under 
                subparagraph (A) shall include, with respect to 
                each training exercise, the following:
                            (i) The date and duration of the 
                        exercise.
                            (ii) A detailed description of the 
                        exercise.
                            (iii) An identification of all 
                        military and civilian personnel who 
                        participated in the exercise.
                            (iv) Any recommendations resulting 
                        from the exercise.
                            (v) The actions taken, if any, to 
                        implement such recommendations.
                    (C) Inclusion in annual budget 
                submission.--
                            (i) In general.--The Secretary 
                        shall include in the budget submitted 
                        to Congress by the President pursuant 
                        to section 1105(a) of title 31, United 
                        States Code, a summary of any report 
                        submitted to the Secretary under 
                        subparagraph (A) during the one-year 
                        period preceding the submittal of the 
                        budget.
                            (ii) Classified form.--The summary 
                        submitted under clause (i) may be 
                        submitted in classified form.
                    (D) Sunset.--The requirement to submit 
                annual reports under subparagraph (A) shall 
                terminate upon the submittal of the budget 
                described in subparagraph (C)(i) for fiscal 
                year 2024.

SEC. 366. INAPPLICABILITY OF CONGRESSIONAL NOTIFICATION AND DOLLAR 
                    LIMITATION REQUIREMENTS FOR ADVANCE BILLINGS FOR 
                    CERTAIN BACKGROUND INVESTIGATIONS.

    Section 2208(l) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (4) as paragraph 
        (5); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (3) the following 
        new paragraph (4):
    ``(4) This subsection shall not apply to advance billing 
for background investigation and related services performed by 
the Defense Counterintelligence and Security Agency.''.

SEC. 367. ADJUSTMENT IN AVAILABILITY OF APPROPRIATIONS FOR UNUSUAL COST 
                    OVERRUNS AND FOR CHANGES IN SCOPE OF WORK.

    Section 8683 of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(c) Treatment of Amounts Appropriated After End of Period 
of Obligation.--In the application of section 1553(c) of title 
31 to funds appropriated in the Operation and Maintenance, Navy 
account that are available for ship overhaul, the Secretary of 
the Navy may treat the limitation specified in paragraph (1) of 
such section to be `$10,000,000' rather than `$4,000,000'.''.

SEC. 368. REQUIREMENT THAT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE IMPLEMENT SECURITY AND 
                    EMERGENCY RESPONSE RECOMMENDATIONS RELATING TO 
                    ACTIVE SHOOTER OR TERRORIST ATTACKS ON 
                    INSTALLATIONS OF DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) Requirement.--Not later than 90 days after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement the applicable security and emergency response 
recommendations relating to active shooter or terrorist attacks 
on installations of the Department of Defense made in the 
following reports:
            (1) The report by the Government Accountability 
        Office dated July 2015 entitled, ``Insider Threats: DOD 
        Should Improve Information Sharing and Oversight to 
        Protect U.S. Installations'' (GAO-15-543).
            (2) The report prepared by the Department of the 
        Navy relating to the Washington Navy Yard shooting in 
        2013.
            (3) The report by the Department of the Army dated 
        August 2010 entitled ``Fort Hood, Army Internal Review 
        Team: Final Report''.
            (4) The independent review by the Department of 
        Defense dated January 2010 entitled ``Protecting the 
        Force: Lessons from Fort Hood''.
            (5) The report by the Department of the Air Force 
        dated October 2010 entitled ``Air Force Follow-On 
        Review: Protecting the Force: Lessons from Fort Hood''.
    (b) Notification of Inapplicable Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--If the Secretary determines that a 
        recommendation described in subsection (a) is outdated, 
        is no longer applicable, or has been superseded by more 
        recent separate guidance or recommendations set forth 
        by the Government Accountability Office, the Department 
        of Defense, or another entity in related contracted 
        review, the Secretary shall notify the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives not later than 45 days after the date 
        of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Identification and justification.--The 
        notification under paragraph (1) shall include an 
        identification, set forth by report specified in 
        subsection (a), of each recommendation that the 
        Secretary determines should not be implemented, with a 
        justification for each such determination.

SEC. 369. CLARIFICATION OF FOOD INGREDIENT REQUIREMENTS FOR FOOD OR 
                    BEVERAGES PROVIDED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE.

    (a) In General.--Before making any final rule, statement, 
or determination regarding the limitation or prohibition of any 
food or beverage ingredient in military food service, military 
medical foods, commissary food, or commissary food service, the 
Secretary of Defense shall publish in the Federal Register a 
notice of a preliminary rule, statement, or determination (in 
this section referred to as a ``proposed action'') and provide 
opportunity for public comment.
    (b) Matters to Be Included.--The Secretary shall include in 
any notice published under subsection (a) the following:
            (1) The date of the notice.
            (2) Contact information for the appropriate office 
        at the Department of Defense.
            (3) A summary of the notice.
            (4) A date for comments to be submitted and 
        specific methods for submitting comments.
            (5) A description of the substance of the proposed 
        action.
            (6) Findings and a statement of reasons supporting 
        the proposed action.
    (c) Waiver Authority.--
            (1) Military operations and emergency response.--
        The Secretary may waive subsections (a) and (b) if the 
        Secretary determines that such a waiver is necessary 
        for military operations or for the response to a 
        national emergency declared by the President under the 
        National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), a 
        medical emergency, or a pandemic.
            (2) Protection of human health.--The Secretary may 
        waive subsections (a) and (b) if the Food and Drug 
        Administration, the Surgeon General of the United 
        States, or the Surgeons General of the Department of 
        Defense makes a recall or prohibition determination due 
        to certain ingredients being harmful for human 
        consumption.
            (3) Notification required.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary shall notify 
                the congressional defense committees not later 
                than 60 days after exercising waiver authority 
                under paragraph (1).
                    (B) Elements.--The notification required 
                under subparagraph (A) shall include, with 
                respect to each waiver, the following elements:
                            (i) The date, time, and location of 
                        the issuance of the waiver.
                            (ii) A detailed justification for 
                        the issuance of the waiver.
                            (iii) An identification of the 
                        rule, statement, or determination for 
                        which the Secretary issued the waiver, 
                        including the proposed duration of such 
                        rule, statement, or determination.

SEC. 370. COMMISSION ON THE NAMING OF ITEMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF 
                    DEFENSE THAT COMMEMORATE THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF 
                    AMERICA OR ANY PERSON WHO SERVED VOLUNTARILY WITH 
                    THE CONFEDERATE STATES OF AMERICA.

    (a) Removal.--Not later than three years after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
implement the plan submitted by the commission described in 
paragraph (b) and remove all names, symbols, displays, 
monuments, and paraphernalia that honor or commemorate the 
Confederate States of America (commonly referred to as the 
``Confederacy'') or any person who served voluntarily with the 
Confederate States of America from all assets of the Department 
of Defense.
    (b) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall establish a 
commission relating to assigning, modifying, or removing of 
names, symbols, displays, monuments, and paraphernalia to 
assets of the Department of Defense that commemorate the 
Confederate States of America or any person who served 
voluntarily with the Confederate States of America.
    (c) Duties.--The Commission shall--
            (1) assess the cost of renaming or removing names, 
        symbols, displays, monuments, or paraphernalia that 
        commemorate the Confederate States of America or any 
        person who served voluntarily with the Confederate 
        States of America;
            (2) develop procedures and criteria to assess 
        whether an existing name, symbol, monument, display, or 
        paraphernalia commemorates the Confederate States of 
        America or person who served voluntarily with the 
        Confederate States of America;
            (3) recommend procedures for renaming assets of the 
        Department of Defense to prevent commemoration of the 
        Confederate States of America or any person who served 
        voluntarily with the Confederate States of America;
            (4) develop a plan to remove names, symbols, 
        displays, monuments, or paraphernalia that commemorate 
        the Confederate States of America or any person who 
        served voluntarily with the Confederate States of 
        America from assets of the Department of Defense, 
        within the timeline established by this Act; and
            (5) include in the plan procedures and criteria for 
        collecting and incorporating local sensitivities 
        associated with naming or renaming of assets of the 
        Department of Defense.
    (d) Membership.--The Commission shall be composed of eight 
members, of whom--
            (1) four shall be appointed by the Secretary of 
        Defense;
            (2) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (3) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
        the Committee on Armed Services of the Senate;
            (4) one shall be appointed by the Chairman of the 
        Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives; and
            (5) one shall be appointed by the Ranking Member of 
        the Committee on Armed Services of the House of 
        Representatives.
    (e) Appointment.--Members of the Commission shall be 
appointed not later than 45 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.
    (f) Initial Meeting.--The Commission shall hold its initial 
meeting on the date that is 60 days after the enactment of this 
Act.
    (g) Briefings and Reports.--Not later than October 1, 2021, 
the Commission shall brief the Committees on Armed Services of 
the Senate and House of Representatives detailing the progress 
of the requirements under subsection (c). Not later than 
October 1, 2022, and not later than 90 days before the 
implementation of the plan in subsection (c)(4), the Commission 
shall present a briefing and written report detailing the 
results of the requirements under subsection (c), including:
            (1) A list of assets to be removed or renamed.
            (2) Costs associated with the removal or renaming 
        of assets in subsection (g)(1).
            (3) Criteria and requirements used to nominate and 
        rename assets in subsection (g)(1).
            (4) Methods of collecting and incorporating local 
        sensitivities associated with the removal or renaming 
        of assets in subsection (g)(1).
    (h) Funding.--
            (1) Authorization of appropriations.--There is 
        authorized to be appropriated $2,000,000 to carry out 
        this section.
            (2) Offset.--The amount authorized to be 
        appropriated by the Act for fiscal year 2021 for 
        Operations and Maintenance, Army, sub activity group 
        434 - other personnel support is hereby reduced by 
        $2,000,000.
    (i) Assets Defined.--In this section, the term ``assets'' 
includes any base, installation, street, building, facility, 
aircraft, ship, plane, weapon, equipment, or any other property 
owned or controlled by the Department of Defense.
    (j) Exemption for Grave Markers.--Shall not cover monuments 
but shall exempt grave markers. Congress expects the commission 
to further define what constitutes a grave marker.

              TITLE IV--MILITARY PERSONNEL AUTHORIZATIONS

                        Subtitle A--Active Forces

Sec. 401. End strengths for active forces.
Sec. 402. Revisions to permanent active duty end strength minimum 
          levels.
Sec. 403. Modification of the authorized number and accounting method 
          for senior enlisted personnel.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

Sec. 411. End strengths for Selected Reserve.
Sec. 412. End strengths for Reserves on active duty in support of the 
          Reserves.
Sec. 413. End strengths for military technicians (dual status).
Sec. 414. Maximum number of reserve personnel authorized to be on active 
          duty for operational support.
Sec. 415. Separate authorization by Congress of minimum end strengths 
          for non-temporary military technicians (dual status) and end 
          strengths for temporary military technicians (dual status).

               Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

Sec. 421. Military personnel.

                       Subtitle A--Active Forces

SEC. 401. END STRENGTHS FOR ACTIVE FORCES.

    The Armed Forces are authorized strengths for active duty 
personnel as of September 30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army, 485,900.
            (2) The Navy, 347,800.
            (3) The Marine Corps, 181,200.
            (4) The Air Force, 333,475.

SEC. 402. REVISIONS TO PERMANENT ACTIVE DUTY END STRENGTH MINIMUM 
                    LEVELS.

    (a) In General.--Section 691 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the heading, by striking ``two major 
        regional contingencies'' and inserting ``the National 
        Defense Strategy'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``a national defense 
                strategy calling for'' and inserting ``the 
                national defense strategy of''; and
                    (B) by striking ``to be able to 
                successfully conduct two nearly simultaneous 
                major regional contingencies'';
            (3) in subsection (b), by striking paragraphs (1) 
        through (4) and inserting the following new paragraphs:
            ``(1) For the Army, 485,900.
            ``(2) For the Navy, 347,800.
            ``(3) For the Marine Corps, 181,200.
            ``(4) For the Air Force, 333,475.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e)--
                    (A) by inserting ``or the Secretary 
                concerned'' after ``Secretary of Defense''; and
                    (B) by striking ``reduce a number specified 
                in subsection (b) by not more than 2 percent'' 
                and inserting ``vary a number specified in 
                subsection (b) in accordance with section 115 
                of this title''.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 39 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 691 and inserting the following:

``691. Permanent end strength levels to support the National Defense 
          Strategy''.

SEC. 403. MODIFICATION OF THE AUTHORIZED NUMBER AND ACCOUNTING METHOD 
                    FOR SENIOR ENLISTED PERSONNEL.

    (a) In General.--Section 517 of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the section heading, by striking ``daily 
        average'' and inserting ``enlisted end strength'';
            (2) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) by striking ``daily average number of'' 
                and inserting ``end strength for'';
                    (B) by striking ``in a fiscal year'' and 
                inserting ``as of the last day of a fiscal 
                year'';
                    (C) by striking ``2.5 percent'' and 
                inserting ``3.0 percent''; and
                    (D) by striking ``on the first day of that 
                fiscal year''; and
            (3) by striking subsection (b).
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 31 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 517 and inserting the following 
new item:

``517. Authorized enlisted end strength: members in pay grades E-8 and 
          E-9.''.

                       Subtitle B--Reserve Forces

SEC. 411. END STRENGTHS FOR SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) In General.--The Armed Forces are authorized strengths 
for Selected Reserve personnel of the reserve components as of 
September 30, 2021, as follows:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        336,500.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 189,800.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 58,800.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 38,500.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        108,100.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 70,300.
            (7) The Coast Guard Reserve, 7,000.
    (b) End Strength Reductions.--The end strengths prescribed 
by subsection (a) for the Selected Reserve of any reserve 
component shall be proportionately reduced by--
            (1) the total authorized strength of units 
        organized to serve as units of the Selected Reserve of 
        such component which are on active duty (other than for 
        training) at the end of the fiscal year; and
            (2) the total number of individual members not in 
        units organized to serve as units of the Selected 
        Reserve of such component who are on active duty (other 
        than for training or for unsatisfactory participation 
        in training) without their consent at the end of the 
        fiscal year.
    (c) End Strength Increases.--Whenever units or individual 
members of the Selected Reserve of any reserve component are 
released from active duty during any fiscal year, the end 
strength prescribed for such fiscal year for the Selected 
Reserve of such reserve component shall be increased 
proportionately by the total authorized strengths of such units 
and by the total number of such individual members.

SEC. 412. END STRENGTHS FOR RESERVES ON ACTIVE DUTY IN SUPPORT OF THE 
                    RESERVES.

    Within the end strengths prescribed in section 411(a), the 
reserve components of the Armed Forces are authorized, as of 
September 30, 2021, the following number of Reserves to be 
serving on full-time active duty or full-time duty, in the case 
of members of the National Guard, for the purpose of 
organizing, administering, recruiting, instructing, or training 
the reserve components:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        30,595.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 16,511.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 10,215.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 2,386.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        25,333.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 5,256.

SEC. 413. END STRENGTHS FOR MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--The minimum number of military technicians 
(dual status) as of the last day of fiscal year 2021 for the 
reserve components of the Army and the Air Force 
(notwithstanding section 129 of title 10, United States Code) 
shall be the following:
            (1) For the Army National Guard of the United 
        States, 22,294.
            (2) For the Army Reserve, 6,492.
            (3) For the Air National Guard of the United 
        States, 10,994.
            (4) For the Air Force Reserve, 7,947.
    (b) Limitation.--Under no circumstances may a military 
technician (dual status) employed under the authority of this 
section be coerced by a State into accepting an offer of 
realignment or conversion to any other military status, 
including as a member of the Active, Guard, and Reserve program 
of a reserve component. If a military technician (dual status) 
declines to participate in such realignment or conversion, no 
further action will be taken against the individual or the 
individual's position.

SEC. 414. MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RESERVE PERSONNEL AUTHORIZED TO BE ON 
                    ACTIVE DUTY FOR OPERATIONAL SUPPORT.

    During fiscal year 2021, the maximum number of members of 
the reserve components of the Armed Forces who may be serving 
at any time on full-time operational support duty under section 
115(b) of title 10, United States Code, is the following:
            (1) The Army National Guard of the United States, 
        17,000.
            (2) The Army Reserve, 13,000.
            (3) The Navy Reserve, 6,200.
            (4) The Marine Corps Reserve, 3,000.
            (5) The Air National Guard of the United States, 
        16,000.
            (6) The Air Force Reserve, 14,000.

SEC. 415. SEPARATE AUTHORIZATION BY CONGRESS OF MINIMUM END STRENGTHS 
                    FOR NON-TEMPORARY MILITARY TECHNICIANS (DUAL 
                    STATUS) AND END STRENGTHS FOR TEMPORARY MILITARY 
                    TECHNICIANS (DUAL STATUS).

    (a) In General.--Section 115(d) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in the first sentence, by striking ``the end 
        strength for military technicians (dual status)'' and 
        inserting ``both the minimum end strength for non-
        temporary military technicians (dual status) and the 
        end strength for temporary military technicians (dual 
        status)''; and
            (2) in the third sentence, by striking ``the end 
        strength requested for military technicians (dual 
        status)'' and inserting ``the minimum end strength for 
        non-temporary military technicians (dual status), and 
        the end strength for temporary military technicians 
        (dual status), requested''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of 
this Act. The amendment made by subsection (a)(2) shall apply 
with respect to budgets submitted by the President to Congress 
under section 1105 of title 31, United States Code, after such 
effective date.

              Subtitle C--Authorization of Appropriations

SEC. 421. MILITARY PERSONNEL.

    (a) Authorization of Appropriations.--Funds are hereby 
authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 2021 for the use 
of the Armed Forces and other activities and agencies of the 
Department of Defense for expenses, not otherwise provided for, 
for military personnel, as specified in the funding table in 
section 4401.
    (b) Construction of Authorization.--The authorization of 
appropriations in the subsection (a) supersedes any other 
authorization of appropriations (definite or indefinite) for 
such purpose for fiscal year 2021.

                   TITLE V--MILITARY PERSONNEL POLICY

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

Sec. 501. Authorized strengths of general and flag officers on active 
          duty.
Sec. 502. Temporary expansion of availability of enhanced constructive 
          service credit in a particular career field upon original 
          appointment as a commissioned officer.
Sec. 503. Diversity in selection boards.
Sec. 504. Requirement for promotion selection board recommendation of 
          higher placement on promotion list of officers of particular 
          merit.
Sec. 505. Special selection review boards for review of promotion of 
          officers subject to adverse information identified after 
          recommendation for promotion and related matters.
Sec. 506. Number of opportunities for consideration for promotion under 
          alternative promotion authority.
Sec. 507. Mandatory retirement for age.
Sec. 508. Clarifying and improving restatement of rules on the retired 
          grade of commissioned officers.
Sec. 509. Repeal of authority for original appointment of regular Navy 
          officers designated for engineering duty, aeronautical 
          engineering duty, and special duty.
Sec. 509A. Permanent programs on direct commissions to cyber positions.
Sec. 509B. Review of Seaman to Admiral-21 program.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

Sec. 511. Temporary authority to order retired members to active duty in 
          high-demand, low-density assignments during war or national 
          emergency.
Sec. 512. Expansion of Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps Program.
Sec. 513. Grants to support STEM education in the Junior Reserve 
          Officers' Training Corps.
Sec. 514. Permanent suicide prevention and resilience program for the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 515. Modification of education loan repayment program for members 
          of Selected Reserve.
Sec. 516. Inclusion of drill or training foregone due to emergency 
          travel or duty restrictions in computations of entitlement to 
          and amounts of retired pay for non-regular service.
Sec. 517. Quarantine lodging for members of the reserve components who 
          perform certain service in response to the COVID-19 emergency.
Sec. 518. Direct employment pilot program for certain members of the 
          reserve components.
Sec. 519. Pilot programs authorized in connection with SROTC units and 
          CSPI programs at Historically Black Colleges and Universities 
          and minority institutions.
Sec. 519A. Report regarding full-time National Guard duty in response to 
          the COVID-19 pandemic.
Sec. 519B. Study and report on National Guard support to States 
          responding to major disasters.
Sec. 519C. Report on guidance for use of unmanned aircraft systems by 
          the National Guard.
Sec. 519D. Study and report on ROTC recruitment.

   Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                 Records

Sec. 521. Increased access to potential recruits.
Sec. 522. Sunset and transfer of functions of the Physical Disability 
          Board of Review.
Sec. 523. Honorary promotion matters.
Sec. 524. Exclusion of official photographs of members from records 
          furnished to promotion selection boards.
Sec. 525. Report regarding reviews of discharges and dismissals based on 
          sexual orientation.

 Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

Sec. 531. Modification of time required for expedited decisions in 
          connection with applications for change of station or unit 
          transfer of members who are victims of sexual assault or 
          related offenses.
Sec. 532. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.
Sec. 533. Additional bases for provision of advice by the Defense 
          Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 534. Additional matters for 2021 report of the Defense Advisory 
          Committee for the Prevention of Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 535. Inclusion of advisory duties on the Coast Guard Academy among 
          duties of Defense Advisory Committee for the Prevention of 
          Sexual Misconduct.
Sec. 536. Modification of reporting and data collection on victims of 
          sexual offenses.
Sec. 537. Modification of annual report regarding sexual assaults 
          involving members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 538. Coordination of support for survivors of sexual trauma.
Sec. 539. Policy for military service academies on separation of alleged 
          victims and alleged perpetrators in incidents of sexual 
          assault.
Sec. 539A. Safe-to-report policy applicable across the Armed Forces.
Sec. 539B. Accountability of leadership of the Department of Defense for 
          discharging the sexual harassment policies and programs of the 
          Department.
Sec. 539C. Reports on status of investigations of alleged sex-related 
          offenses.
Sec. 539D. Report on ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
          Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates to 
          perform duties.
Sec. 539E. Briefing on Special Victims' Counsel program.
Sec. 539F. Briefing on placement of members of the Armed Forces in 
          academic status who are victims of sexual assault onto Non-
          Rated Periods.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

Sec. 541. Right to notice of victims of offenses under the Uniform Code 
          of Military Justice regarding certain post-trial motions, 
          filings, and hearings.
Sec. 542. Qualifications of judges and standard of review for Courts of 
          Criminal Appeals.
Sec. 543. Preservation of court-martial records.
Sec. 544. Availability of records for National Instant Criminal 
          Background Check System.
Sec. 545. Removal of personally identifying and other information of 
          certain persons from investigative reports, the Department of 
          Defense Central Index of Investigations, and other records and 
          databases.
Sec. 546. Briefing on mental health support for vicarious trauma for 
          certain personnel in the military justice system.
Sec. 547. Comptroller General of the United States report on 
          implementation by the Armed Forces of recent GAO 
          recommendations and statutory requirements on assessment of 
          racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in the military justice 
          system.
Sec. 548. Legal assistance for veterans and surviving spouses and 
          dependents.
Sec. 549. Clarification of termination of leases of premises and motor 
          vehicles of servicemembers who incur catastrophic injury or 
          illness or die while in military service.
Sec. 549A. Multidisciplinary board to evaluate suicide events.
Sec. 549B. Improvements to Department of Defense tracking of and 
          response to incidents of child abuse, adult crimes against 
          children, and serious harmful behavior between children and 
          youth involving military dependents on military installations.
Sec. 549C. Independent analysis and recommendations on domestic violence 
          in the Armed Forces.

                   Subtitle F--Diversity and Inclusion

Sec. 551.  Diversity and inclusion reporting requirements and related 
          matters.
Sec. 552. National emergency exception for timing requirements with 
          respect to certain surveys of members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 553. Questions regarding racism, anti-Semitism, and supremacism in 
          workplace surveys administered by the Secretary of Defense.
Sec. 554. Inspector General oversight of diversity and inclusion in 
          Department of Defense; supremacist, extremist, or criminal 
          gang activity in the Armed Forces.
Sec. 555. Policy to improve responses to pregnancy and childbirth by 
          certain members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 556. Training on certain Department of Defense instructions for 
          members of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 557. Evaluation of barriers to minority participation in certain 
          units of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 558. Comptroller General of the United States report on equal 
          opportunity at the military service academies.

                   Subtitle G--Decorations and Awards

Sec. 561. Extension of time to review World War I Valor Medals.
Sec. 562. Authorizations for certain awards.
Sec. 563. Feasibility study on establishment of service medal for 
          radiation-exposed veterans.
Sec. 564. Expressing support for the designation of Silver Star Service 
          Banner Day.

   Subtitle H--Member Education, Training, Transition, and Resilience

Sec. 571. Mentorship and career counseling program for officers to 
          improve diversity in military leadership.
Sec. 572. Expansion of Skillbridge program to include the Coast Guard.
Sec. 573. Increase in number of permanent professors at the United 
          States Air Force Academy.
Sec. 574. Additional elements with 2021 and 2022 certifications on the 
          Ready, Relevant Learning initiative of the Navy.
Sec. 575. Information on nominations and applications for military 
          service academies.
Sec. 576. Report on potential improvements to certain military 
          educational institutions of the Department of Defense.
Sec. 577. College of International Security Affairs of the National 
          Defense University.
Sec. 578. Improvements to the Credentialing Opportunities On-Line 
          programs of the Armed Forces.
Sec. 579. GAO study regarding transferability of military certifications 
          to civilian occupational licenses and certifications.
Sec. 579A. Report regarding county, Tribal, and local veterans service 
          officers.

     Subtitle I--Military Family Readiness and Dependents' Education

Sec. 581. Family readiness: definitions; communication strategy; review; 
          report.
Sec. 582. Improvements to Exceptional Family Member Program.
Sec. 583. Support services for members of special operations forces and 
          immediate family members.
Sec. 584. Responsibility for allocation of certain funds for military 
          child development programs.
Sec. 585. Military child care and child development center matters.
Sec. 586. Expansion of financial assistance under My Career Advancement 
          Account program.
Sec. 587. Improvements to partner criteria of the Military Spouse 
          Employment Partnership Program.
Sec. 588. 24-hour child care.
Sec. 589. Pilot program to provide financial assistance to members of 
          the Armed Forces for in-home child care.
Sec. 589A. Certain assistance to local educational agencies that benefit 
          dependents of military and civilian personnel.
Sec. 589B. Staffing of Department of Defense Education Activity schools 
          to maintain maximum student-to-teacher ratios.
Sec. 589C. Pilot program to expand eligibility for enrollment at 
          domestic dependent elementary and secondary schools.
Sec. 589D. Pilot program on expanded eligibility for Department of 
          Defense Education Activity Virtual High School program.
Sec. 589E. Training program regarding foreign malign influence 
          campaigns.
Sec. 589F. Study on cyberexploitation and online deception of members of 
          the Armed Forces and their families.
Sec. 589G. Matters relating to education for military dependent students 
          with special needs.
Sec. 589H. Studies and reports on the performance of the Department of 
          Defense Education Activity.

                  Subtitle J--Other Matters and Reports

Sec. 591. Expansion of Department of Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 592. Inclusion of certain outlying areas in the Department of 
          Defense STARBASE Program.
Sec. 593. Postponement of conditional designation of Explosive Ordnance 
          Disposal Corps as a basic branch of the Army.
Sec. 594. Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery Test special 
          purpose adjunct to address computational thinking.
Sec. 595. Extension of reporting deadline for the annual report on the 
          assessment of the effectiveness of activities of the Federal 
          Voting Assistance Program.
Sec. 596. Plan on performance of funeral honors details by members of 
          other Armed Forces when members of the Armed Force of the 
          deceased are unavailable.
Sec. 597. Study on financial impacts of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 on 
          members of the Armed Forces and best practices to prevent 
          future financial hardships.
Sec. 598. Limitation on implementation of Army Combat Fitness Test.
Sec. 599. Semiannual reports on implementation of recommendations of the 
          Comprehensive Review of Special Operations Forces Culture and 
          Ethics.
Sec. 599A. Report on impact of children of certain Filipino World War II 
          veterans on national security, foreign policy, and economic 
          and humanitarian interests of the United States.

                  Subtitle A--Officer Personnel Policy

SEC. 501. AUTHORIZED STRENGTHS OF GENERAL AND FLAG OFFICERS ON ACTIVE 
                    DUTY.

    (a) Exclusion of Certain General and Flag Officers of 
Reserve Components on Active Duty From Strength Limitations.--
Section 526a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsections (c) through (h) as 
        subsections (d) through (i), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (b) the following 
        new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Exclusion of Certain Officers of Reserve 
Components.--The limitations of this section do not apply to 
the following:
            ``(1) A general or flag officer of a reserve 
        component who is on active duty--
                    ``(A) for training; or
                    ``(B) under a call or order specifying a 
                period of less than 180 days.
            ``(2)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve 
        component who is authorized by the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned to serve on active duty 
        for a period of at least 180 days and not longer than 
        365 days.
            ``(B) The Secretary of the military department 
        concerned may authorize a number, determined under 
        subparagraph (C), of officers in the reserve component 
        of each armed force under the jurisdiction of that 
        Secretary to serve as described in subparagraph (A).
            ``(C) Each number described in subparagraph (B) may 
        not exceed 10 percent of the number of general or flag 
        officers, as the case may be, authorized to serve in 
        the armed force concerned under section 12004 of this 
        title. In determining a number under this subparagraph, 
        any fraction shall be rounded down to the next whole 
        number that is greater than zero.
            ``(3)(A) A general or flag officer of a reserve 
        component who is on active duty for a period longer 
        than 365 days and not longer than three years.
            ``(B) The number of officers described in 
        subparagraph (A) who do not serve in a position that is 
        a joint duty assignment for purposes of chapter 38 of 
        this title may not exceed five per armed force, unless 
        authorized by the Secretary of Defense.''.
    (b) Allocation of Billets and Positions Among the Armed 
Forces and for Joint Duty Assignments.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than May 1, 2021, 
        the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees 
        on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the results of a study, 
        conducted by the Secretary for purposes of the report, 
        on the following:
                    (A) The allocation among the Armed Forces 
                of billets and positions for general and flag 
                officers on active duty.
                    (B) The allocation for joint duty 
                assignments of billets and positions for 
                general and flag officers on active duty.
            (2) Consultation.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        carry out paragraph (1) in the consultation with the 
        Secretaries of the military departments and the 
        Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
            (3) Elements.--The report required by paragraph (1) 
        shall include the following:
                    (A) A final plan to meet the authorized 
                strengths of general and flag officers on 
                active duty after December, 31, 2022, as 
                required by section 526a of title 10, United 
                States Code, which plan shall set forth the 
                intended disposition of each billet or position 
                for general or flag officer in effect as of the 
                date of the enactment of this Act in order to 
                meet the objectives of the plan.
                    (B) A recommendation by the Secretary of 
                Defense as to the appropriate grade level or 
                levels for the billet or position of commander 
                of a component command within a combatant 
                command.
                    (C) A recommendation by the Chairman of the 
                Joint Chief of Staff as to whether the billet 
                or position of commander of a component command 
                within a combatant command should be considered 
                a joint duty assignment for purposes of section 
                526(b) or 526a(b) of title 10, United States 
                Code.
                    (D) A recommendation by the Secretary of 
                Defense as to the allocation of billets and 
                positions for general and flag officers on 
                active duty among the Armed Forces within the 
                aggregate limitation specified in section 
                526a(a) of title 10, United States Code, 
                including the allocation of such billets and 
                positions within the Space Force.
                    (E) Such other matters as the Secretary of 
                Defense considers appropriate.
    (c) Increase in Army Authorization for General Officers 
Serving in Grade O-10.--
            (1) Increase.--Section 525(a)(1)(A) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by striking ``7'' and 
        inserting ``8''.
            (2) Conforming decrease in strength limitations for 
        joint duty requirements.--Section 526(b)(3)(A) of such 
        title is amended by striking ``20'' and inserting 
        ``19''.
            (3) Construction of decrease as applying to 
        generals.--The reduction in number of positions 
        excluded from authorized strength limitations resulting 
        from the amendment made by paragraph (2) shall apply to 
        positions in the grade of general.

SEC. 502. TEMPORARY EXPANSION OF AVAILABILITY OF ENHANCED CONSTRUCTIVE 
                    SERVICE CREDIT IN A PARTICULAR CAREER FIELD UPON 
                    ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT AS A COMMISSIONED OFFICER.

    (a) Regular Officers.--Subparagraph (D) of section 
533(b)(1) of title 10, United States Code, is amended to read 
as follows:
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in 
                a particular officer field as designated by the 
                Secretary concerned, if such training or 
                experience is directly related to the 
                operational needs of the armed force concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 
                2025, for advanced education in an officer 
                field so designated, if such education is 
                directly related to the operational needs of 
                the armed force concerned.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--Section 12207(b)(1) of such title is 
amended--
            (1) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), ``or 
        a designation in'' and all that follows through 
        ``education or training,'' and inserting ``and who has 
        special training or experience, or advanced education 
        (if applicable),''; and
            (2) by striking subparagraph (D) and inserting the 
        following new subparagraph (D):
            ``(D) Additional credit as follows:
                    ``(i) For special training or experience in 
                a particular officer field as designated by the 
                Secretary concerned, if such training or 
                experience is directly related to the 
                operational needs of the armed force concerned.
                    ``(ii) During fiscal years 2021 through 
                2025, for advanced education in an officer 
                field so designated, if such education is 
                directly related to the operational needs of 
                the armed force concerned.''.
    (c) Annual Report.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than February 1, 2022, 
        and every four years thereafter, each Secretary of a 
        military department shall submit to the Committees on 
        Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives a report on the use of the authorities 
        in subparagraph (D) of section 553(b)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code (as amended by subsection (a)), and 
        subparagraph (D) of section 12207(b)(1) of such title 
        (as amended by subsection (b)) (each referred to in 
        this subsection as a ``constructive credit authority'') 
        during the preceding fiscal year for the Armed Forces 
        under the jurisdiction of such Secretary.
            (2) Elements.--Each report under paragraph (1) 
        shall include, for the fiscal year and Armed Forces 
        covered by such report, the following:
                    (A) The manner in which constructive 
                service credit was calculated under each 
                constructive credit authority.
                    (B) The number of officers credited 
                constructive service credit under each 
                constructive credit authority.
                    (C) A description and assessment of the 
                utility of the constructive credit authorities 
                in meeting the operational needs of the Armed 
                Force concerned.
                    (D) Such other matters in connection with 
                the constructive credit authorities as the 
                Secretary of the military department concerned 
                considers appropriate.

SEC. 503. DIVERSITY IN SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Active Duty 
Promotion Selection Boards.--
            (1) Officers.--Section 612(a)(1) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``The members of a selection 
        board shall represent the diverse population of the 
        armed force concerned to the extent practicable.''.
            (2) Warrant officers.--Section 573(b) of title 10, 
        United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new sentence: ``The members of a selection 
        board shall represent the diverse population of the 
        armed force concerned to the extent practicable.''.
    (b) Requirement for Diverse Membership of Reserve Component 
Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 14102(b) of title 10, 
United States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
following new sentence: ``The members of a selection board 
shall represent the diverse population of the armed force 
concerned to the extent practicable.''.
    (c) Other Selection Boards.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        ensure that the members of each selection board 
        described in paragraph (2) represent the diverse 
        population of the Armed Force concerned to the extent 
        practicable.
            (2) Selection board described.--A selection board 
        described in this paragraph (1) is any selection board 
        used with respect to the promotion, education, or 
        command assignments of members of the Armed Forces that 
        is not covered by the amendments made by this section.

SEC. 504. REQUIREMENT FOR PROMOTION SELECTION BOARD RECOMMENDATION OF 
                    HIGHER PLACEMENT ON PROMOTION LIST OF OFFICERS OF 
                    PARTICULAR MERIT.

    (a) In General.--Section 616(h) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended--
            (1) in paragraph (1)--
                    (A) by striking ``may'' and inserting 
                ``shall''; and
                    (B) by inserting ``pursuant to guidelines 
                and procedures prescribed by the Secretary,'' 
                after ``officers of particular merit,''; and
            (2) in paragraph (3), by inserting ``, pursuant to 
        guidelines and procedures prescribed by the Secretary 
        concerned,'' after ``shall recommend''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply with respect to officers recommended for promotion 
by promotion selection boards convened on or after that date.

SEC. 505. SPECIAL SELECTION REVIEW BOARDS FOR REVIEW OF PROMOTION OF 
                    OFFICERS SUBJECT TO ADVERSE INFORMATION IDENTIFIED 
                    AFTER RECOMMENDATION FOR PROMOTION AND RELATED 
                    MATTERS.

    (a) Regular Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Subchapter III of chapter 36 of 
        title 10, United States Code, is amended by inserting 
        after section 628 the following new section:

``Sec. 628a. Special selection review boards

    ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military 
department concerned determines that a person recommended by a 
promotion board for promotion to a grade at or below the grade 
of major general, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent 
grade in the Space Force is the subject of credible information 
of an adverse nature, including any substantiated adverse 
finding or conclusion described in section 615(a)(3)(A) of this 
title, that was not furnished to the promotion board during its 
consideration of the person for promotion as otherwise required 
by such section, the Secretary shall convene a special 
selection review board under this section to review the person 
and recommend whether the recommendation for promotion of the 
person should be sustained.
    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of 
the person is subject to review under this section by a special 
selection review board convened under this section, the name of 
the person--
            ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly 
        released on the list of officers recommended for 
        promotion by the promotion board recommending the 
        promotion of the person; and
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of 
        Defense, the President, or the Senate, as applicable, 
        or included on a promotion list under section 624(a) of 
        this title.
    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board 
convened under this section shall be convened in accordance 
with the provisions of section 628(f) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under 
this section may review such number of persons, and 
recommendations for promotion of such persons, as the Secretary 
of the military department concerned shall specify in convening 
such special selection review board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person 
and recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of 
the person should be sustained under this section, a special 
selection review board convened under this section shall be 
furnished and consider the following:
            ``(A) The record and information concerning the 
        person furnished in accordance with section 615(a)(2) 
        of this title to the promotion board that recommended 
        the person for promotion.
            ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature 
        on the person, including any substantiated adverse 
        finding or conclusion from an officially documented 
        investigation or inquiry described in section 
        615(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection 
review board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the 
standards and procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(C) of 
section 615(a) of this title applicable to the furnishing of 
information described in paragraph (3)(A) of such section to 
selection boards in accordance with that section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on a person described in 
paragraph (1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review 
board for purposes of this section, the Secretary of the 
military department concerned shall ensure that--
            ``(i) such information is made available to the 
        person; and
            ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the 
        person is afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit 
        comments on such information to the special selection 
        review board before its review of the person and the 
        recommendation for promotion of the person under this 
        section.
    ``(B) If information on a person described in paragraph 
(1)(B) is not made available to the person as otherwise 
required by subparagraph (A)(i) due to the classification 
status of such information, the person shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, be furnished a summary of such information 
appropriate to the person's authorization for access to 
classified information.
    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information 
is not required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
            ``(I) such information was made available to the 
        person in connection with the furnishing of such 
        information under section 615(a) of this title to the 
        promotion board that recommended the promotion of the 
        person subject to review under this section; and
            ``(II) the person submitted comments on such 
        information to that promotion board.
    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in 
clause (i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection 
review board.
    ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
            ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special 
        selection review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special 
        selection review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and 
information on a person under this section, the special 
selection review board shall compare such record and 
information with an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers of the same competitive category who were 
recommended for promotion by the promotion board that 
recommended the person for promotion, and an appropriate 
sampling of the records of those officers who were considered 
by and not recommended for promotion by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a 
special selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in 
a manner that does not indicate or disclose the person or 
persons for whom the special selection review board was 
convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for 
promotion of a person should be sustained under this section, a 
special selection review board shall, to the greatest extent 
practicable, apply standards used by the promotion board that 
recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
sustained under this section only if the special selection 
review board determines that the person--
            ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the 
        special selection review board as better qualified for 
        promotion than the sample officer highest on the order 
        of merit list who was considered by and not recommended 
        for promotion by the promotion board concerned; and
            ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion 
        to those sample officers who were recommended for 
        promotion by that promotion board.
    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
sustained under this section only by a vote of a majority of 
the members of the special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain 
a recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, 
the person shall be considered to have failed of selection for 
promotion.
    ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board 
convened under this section shall submit to the Secretary of 
the military department concerned a written report, signed by 
each member of the board, containing the name of each person 
whose recommendation for promotion it recommends for 
sustainment and certifying that the board has carefully 
considered the record and information of each person whose name 
was referred to it.
    ``(2) The provisions of sections 617(b) and 618 of this 
title apply to the report and proceedings of a special 
selection review board convened under this section in the same 
manner as they apply to the report and proceedings of a 
promotion board convened under section 611(a) of this title.
    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a 
special selection review board convened under this section 
recommends the sustainment of the recommendation for promotion 
to the next higher grade of a person whose name was referred to 
it for review under this section, and the President approves 
the report, the person shall, as soon as practicable, be 
appointed to that grade in accordance with subsections (b) and 
(c) of section 624 of this title.
    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have 
the same date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and 
allowances of that grade, and the same position on the active-
duty list as the person would have had pursuant to the original 
recommendation for promotion of the promotion board concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Such 
regulations shall apply uniformly across the military 
departments.
    ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a 
military department to supplement the regulations prescribed 
pursuant to paragraph (1) may not take effect without the 
approval of the Secretary of Defense, in writing.
    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
`promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the 
Secretary of a military department under section 611(a) of this 
title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of subchapter III of chapter 36 of such 
        title is amended by inserting after the item relating 
        to section 628 the following new item:

``628a. Special selection review boards.''.

            (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 624(d) of such 
        title is amended--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) in subparagraph (D), by 
                        striking ``or'' at the end;
                            (ii) in subparagraph (E), by 
                        striking the period at the end and 
                        inserting ``; or''; and
                            (iii) by inserting after 
                        subparagraph (E) the following new 
                        subparagraph (F):
            ``(F) the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned determines that credible information of an 
        adverse nature, including a substantiated adverse 
        finding or conclusion described in section 615(a)(3)(A) 
        of this title, with respect to the officer will result 
        in the convening of a special selection review board 
        under section 628a of this title to review the officer 
        and recommend whether the recommendation for promotion 
        of the officer should be sustained.'';
                    (B) by redesignating paragraphs (3) and (4) 
                as paragraphs (4) and (5), respectively;
                    (C) by inserting after paragraph (2) the 
                following new paragraph (3):
    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed 
pursuant to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for 
promotion is sustained, authorities for the promotion of the 
officer are specified in section 628a(f) of this title.''; and
                    (D) in paragraph (4), as redesignated by 
                subparagraph (B)--
                            (i) by striking ``The appointment'' 
                        and inserting ``(A) Except as provided 
                        in subparagraph (B), the appointment''; 
                        and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new subparagraph:
    ``(B) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed 
pursuant to paragraph (1)(F), requirements applicable to notice 
and opportunity for response to such delay are specified in 
section 628a(c)(3) of this title.''.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 1407 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        14502 the following new section:

``Sec. 14502a. Special selection review boards

    ``(a) In General.--(1) If the Secretary of the military 
department concerned determines that a person recommended by a 
promotion board for promotion to a grade at or below the grade 
of major general or rear admiral in the Navy is the subject of 
credible information of an adverse nature, including any 
substantiated adverse finding or conclusion described in 
section 14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, that was not furnished to 
the promotion board during its consideration of the person for 
promotion as otherwise required by such section, the Secretary 
shall convene a special selection review board under this 
section to review the person and recommend whether the 
recommendation for promotion of the person should be sustained.
    ``(2) If a person and the recommendation for promotion of 
the person is subject to review under this section by a special 
selection review board convened under this section, the name of 
the person--
            ``(A) shall not be disseminated or publicly 
        released on the list of officers recommended for 
        promotion by the promotion board recommending the 
        promotion of the person; and
            ``(B) shall not be forwarded to the Secretary of 
        Defense, the President, or the Senate, as applicable, 
        or included on a promotion list under section 14308(a) 
        of this title.
    ``(b) Convening.--(1) Any special selection review board 
convened under this section shall be convened in accordance 
with the provisions of section 14502(b)(2) of this title.
    ``(2) Any special selection review board convened under 
this section may review such number of persons, and 
recommendations for promotion of such persons, as the Secretary 
of the military department concerned shall specify in convening 
such special selection review board.
    ``(c) Information Considered.--(1) In reviewing a person 
and recommending whether the recommendation for promotion of 
the person should be sustained under this section, a special 
selection review board convened under this section shall be 
furnished and consider the following:
            ``(A) The record and information concerning the 
        person furnished in accordance with section 14107(a)(2) 
        of this title to the promotion board that recommended 
        the person for promotion.
            ``(B) Any credible information of an adverse nature 
        on the person, including any substantiated adverse 
        finding or conclusion from an officially documented 
        investigation or inquiry described in section 
        14107(a)(3)(A) of this title.
    ``(2) The furnishing of information to a special selection 
review board under paragraph (1)(B) shall be governed by the 
standards and procedures referred to in paragraph (3)(B) of 
section 14107(a) of this title applicable to the furnishing of 
information described in paragraph (3)(A) of such section to 
promotion boards in accordance with that section.
    ``(3)(A) Before information on person described in 
paragraph (1)(B) is furnished to a special selection review 
board for purposes of this section, the Secretary of the 
military department concerned shall ensure that--
            ``(i) such information is made available to the 
        person; and
            ``(ii) subject to subparagraphs (C) and (D), the 
        person is afforded a reasonable opportunity to submit 
        comments on such information to the special selection 
        review board before its review of the person and the 
        recommendation for promotion of the person under this 
        section.
    ``(B) If information on an officer described in paragraph 
(1)(B) is not made available to the person as otherwise 
required by subparagraph (A)(i) due to the classification 
status of such information, the person shall, to the maximum 
extent practicable, be furnished a summary of such information 
appropriate to the person's authorization for access to 
classified information.
    ``(C)(i) An opportunity to submit comments on information 
is not required for a person under subparagraph (A)(ii) if--
            ``(I) such information was made available to the 
        person in connection with the furnishing of such 
        information under section 14107(a) of this title to the 
        promotion board that recommended the promotion of the 
        person subject to review under this section; and
            ``(II) the person submitted comments on such 
        information to that promotion board.
    ``(ii) The comments on information of a person described in 
clause (i)(II) shall be furnished to the special selection 
review board.
    ``(D) A person may waive either or both of the following:
            ``(i) The right to submit comments to a special 
        selection review board under subparagraph (A)(ii).
            ``(ii) The furnishing of comments to a special 
        selection review board under subparagraph (C)(ii).
    ``(d) Consideration.--(1) In considering the record and 
information on a person under this section, the special 
selection review board shall compare such record and 
information with an appropriate sampling of the records of 
those officers of the same competitive category who were 
recommended for promotion by the promotion board that 
recommended the person for promotion, and an appropriate 
sampling of the records of those officers who were considered 
by and not recommended for promotion by that promotion board.
    ``(2) Records and information shall be presented to a 
special selection review board for purposes of paragraph (1) in 
a manner that does not indicate or disclose the person or 
persons for whom the special selection review board was 
convened.
    ``(3) In considering whether the recommendation for 
promotion of a person should be sustained under this section, a 
special selection review board shall, to the greatest extent 
practicable, apply standards used by the promotion board that 
recommended the person for promotion.
    ``(4) The recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
sustained under this section only if the special selection 
review board determines that the person--
            ``(A) ranks on an order of merit created by the 
        special selection review board as better qualified for 
        promotion than the sample officer highest on the order 
        of merit list who was considered by and not recommended 
        for promotion by the promotion board concerned; and
            ``(B) is comparable in qualification for promotion 
        to those sample officers who were recommended for 
        promotion by that promotion board.
    ``(5) A recommendation for promotion of a person may be 
sustained under this section only by a vote of a majority of 
the members of the special selection review board.
    ``(6) If a special selection review board does not sustain 
a recommendation for promotion of a person under this section, 
the person shall be considered to have failed of selection for 
promotion.
    ``(e) Reports.--(1) Each special selection review board 
convened under this section shall submit to the Secretary of 
the military department concerned a written report, signed by 
each member of the board, containing the name of each person 
whose recommendation for promotion it recommends for 
sustainment and certifying that the board has carefully 
considered the record and information of each person whose name 
was referred to it.
    ``(2) The provisions of sections 14109(c), 14110, and 14111 
of this title apply to the report and proceedings of a special 
selection review board convened under this section in the same 
manner as they apply to the report and proceedings of a 
promotion board convened under section 14101(a) of this title.
    ``(f) Appointment of Persons.--(1) If the report of a 
special selection review board convened under this section 
recommends the sustainment of the recommendation for promotion 
to the next higher grade of a person whose name was referred to 
it for review under this section, and the President approves 
the report, the person shall, as soon as practicable, be 
appointed to that grade in accordance with section 14308 of 
this title.
    ``(2) A person who is appointed to the next higher grade as 
described in paragraph (1) shall, upon that appointment, have 
the same date of rank, the same effective date for the pay and 
allowances of that grade, and the same position on the reserve 
active-status list as the person would have had pursuant to the 
original recommendation for promotion of the promotion board 
concerned.
    ``(g) Regulations.--(1) The Secretary of Defense shall 
prescribe regulations to carry out this section. Such 
regulations shall apply uniformly across the military 
departments.
    ``(2) Any regulation prescribed by the Secretary of a 
military department to supplement the regulations prescribed 
pursuant to paragraph (1) may not take effect without the 
approval of the Secretary of Defense, in writing.
    ``(h) Promotion Board Defined.--In this section, the term 
`promotion board 'means a selection board convened by the 
Secretary of a military department under section 14101(a) of 
this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 1407 of such title is amended 
        by inserting after the item relating to section 14502 
        the following new item:

``14502a. Special selection review boards.''.

            (3) Delay in promotion.--Section 14311 of such 
        title is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in paragraph (1), by adding at 
                        the end the following new subparagraph:
            ``(F) The Secretary of the military department 
        concerned determines that credible information of 
        adverse nature, including a substantiated adverse 
        finding or conclusion described in section 
        14107(a)(3)(A) of this title, with respect to the 
        officer will result in the convening of a special 
        selection review board under section 14502a of this 
        title to review the officer and recommend whether the 
        recommendation for promotion of the officer should be 
        sustained.''; and
                            (ii) by adding at the end the 
                        following new paragraph:
    ``(3) In the case of an officer whose promotion is delayed 
pursuant to paragraph (1)(F) and whose recommendation for 
promotion is sustained, authorities for the promotion of the 
officer are specified in section 14502a(f) of this title.''; 
and
                    (B) in subsection (c), by adding at the end 
                the following new paragraph:
    ``(3) Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) and (2), in the case 
of an officer whose promotion is delayed pursuant to subsection 
(a)(1)(F), requirements applicable to notice and opportunity 
for response to such delay are specified in section 
14502a(c)(3) of this title.''.
    (c) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on 
Regular Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--
            (1) Extension of requirements to space force 
        regular officers.--Subparagraph (B)(i) of section 
        615(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
        by striking ``or, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant'' 
        and inserting ``, in the case of the Navy, lieutenant, 
        or in the case of the Space Force, the equivalent 
        grade''.
            (2) Satisfaction of requirements through special 
        selection review boards.--Such section is further 
        amended by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
    ``(D) With respect to the consideration of an officer for 
promotion to a grade at or below major general, in the case of 
the Navy, rear admiral, or, in the case of the Space Force, the 
equivalent grade, the requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (C) 
may be met through the convening and actions of a special 
selection review board with respect to the officer under 
section 628a of this title.''.
            (3) Delayed applicability of requirements to boards 
        for promotion of officers to non-general and flag 
        officer grades.--Subsection (c) of section 502 of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1344) is amended to read 
        as follows:
    ``(c) Effective Date and Applicability.--
            ``(1) Effective date.--The amendments made by this 
        section shall take effect on December 20, 2019, and 
        shall, except as provided in paragraph (2), apply with 
        respect to the proceedings of promotion selection 
        boards convened under section 611(a) of title 10, 
        United States Code, after that date.
            ``(2) Delayed applicability for boards for 
        promotion to non-general and flag officer grades.--The 
        amendments made this section shall apply with respect 
        to the proceedings of promotion selection boards 
        convened under section 611(a) of title 10, United 
        States Code, for consideration of officers for 
        promotion to a grade below the grade of brigadier 
        general or, in the case of the Navy, rear admiral 
        (lower half), only if such boards are so convened after 
        January 1, 2021.''.
    (d) Requirements for Furnishing Adverse Information on 
Reserve Officers to Promotion Selection Boards.--Section 
14107(a)(3) of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting ``(A)'' after ``(3)'';
            (2) in subparagraph (A), as designated by paragraph 
        (1), by striking ``colonel, or, in the case of the 
        Navy, captain'' and inserting ``lieutenant colonel, or, 
        in the case of the Navy, commander''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraphs
    ``(B) The standards and procedures referred to in 
subparagraph (A) shall require the furnishing to the selection 
board, and to each individual member of the board, the 
information described in that subparagraph with regard to an 
officer in a grade specified in that subparagraph at each stage 
or phase of the selection board, concurrent with the screening, 
rating, assessment, evaluation, discussion, or other 
consideration by the board or member of the official military 
personnel file of the officer, or of the officer.
    ``(C) With respect to the consideration of an officer for 
promotion to a grade at or below major general or, in the Navy, 
rear admiral, the requirements in subparagraphs (A) and (B) may 
be met through the convening and actions of a special selection 
board with respect to the officer under section 14502a of this 
title.''.

SEC. 506. NUMBER OF OPPORTUNITIES FOR CONSIDERATION FOR PROMOTION UNDER 
                    ALTERNATIVE PROMOTION AUTHORITY.

    Section 649c of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (d) as subsection 
        (e); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Inapplicability of Requirement Relating to 
Opportunities for Consideration for Promotion.--Section 
645(1)(A)(i)(I) of this title shall not apply to the promotion 
of officers described in subsection (a) to the extent that such 
section is inconsistent with a number of opportunities for 
promotion specified pursuant to section 649d of this title.''.

SEC. 507. MANDATORY RETIREMENT FOR AGE.

    (a) General Rule.--Subsection (a) of section 1251 of title 
10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by striking ``or Marine Corps,'' and inserting 
        ``Marine Corps, or Space Force''; and
            (2) by inserting ``or separated, as specified in 
        subsection (e),'' after ``shall be retired''.
    (b) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Health Professions 
Officers.--Subsection (b) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by inserting ``or 
        Separation'' after ``Retirement''; and
            (2) in paragraph (1), by inserting ``or 
        separation'' after ``retirement''.
    (c) Deferred Retirement or Separation of Other Officers.--
Subsection (c) of such section is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading, by striking ``of 
        Chaplains'' and inserting ``or Separation of Other 
        Officers'';
            (2) by inserting ``or separation'' after 
        ``retirement''; and
            (3) by striking ``an officer who is appointed or 
        designated as a chaplain'' and inserting ``any officer 
        other than a health professions officer described in 
        subsection (b)(2)''.
    (d) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--Such section is further amended by adding at the end 
the following new subsection:
    ``(e) Retirement or Separation Based on Years of Creditable 
Service.--(1) The following rules shall apply to a regular 
commissioned officer who is to be retired or separated under 
subsection (a):
            ``(A) If the officer has at least 6 but fewer than 
        20 years of creditable service, the officer shall be 
        separated, with separation pay computed under section 
        1174(d)(1) of this title.
            ``(B) If the officer has fewer than 6 years of 
        creditable service, the officer shall be separated 
        under subsection (a).
    ``(2) Notwithstanding paragraph (1), in the case of a 
regular commissioned officer who was added to the retired list 
before the date of the enactment of the William M. (Mac) 
Thornberry National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 
2021, the officer shall be retired, with retired pay computed 
under section 1401 of this title.''.

SEC. 508. CLARIFYING AND IMPROVING RESTATEMENT OF RULES ON THE RETIRED 
                    GRADE OF COMMISSIONED OFFICERS.

    (a) Restatement.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 69 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by striking section 1370 and 
        inserting the following new sections:

``Sec. 1370. Regular commissioned officers

    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade in Which Served 
Satisfactorily.--
            ``(1) In general.--Unless entitled to a different 
        retired grade under some other provision of law, a 
        commissioned officer (other than a commissioned warrant 
        officer) of the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, or 
        Space Force who retires under any provision of law 
        other than chapter 61 or 1223 of this title shall be 
        retired in the highest permanent grade in which such 
        officer is determined to have served on active duty 
        satisfactorily.
            ``(2) Determination of satisfactory service.--The 
        determination of satisfactory service of an officer in 
        a grade under paragraph (1) shall be made as follows:
                    ``(A) By the Secretary of the military 
                department concerned, if the officer is serving 
                in a grade at or below the grade of major 
                general, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force.
                    ``(B) By the Secretary of Defense, if the 
                officer is serving or has served in a grade 
                above the grade of major general, rear admiral 
                in the Navy, or the equivalent grade in the 
                Space Force.
            ``(3) Effect of misconduct in lower grade in 
        determination.--If the Secretary of a military 
        department or the Secretary of Defense, as applicable, 
        determines that an officer committed misconduct in a 
        lower grade than the retirement grade otherwise 
        provided for the officer by this section--
                    ``(A) such Secretary may deem the officer 
                to have not served satisfactorily in any grade 
                equal to or higher than such lower grade for 
                purposes of determining the retirement grade of 
                the officer under this section; and
                    ``(B) the grade next lower to such lower 
                grade shall be the retired grade of the officer 
                under this section.
            ``(4) Nature of retirement of certain reserve 
        officers and officers in temporary grades.--A reserve 
        officer, or an officer appointed to a position under 
        section 601 of this title, who is notified that the 
        officer will be released from active duty without the 
        officer's consent and thereafter requests retirement 
        under section 7311, 8323, or 9311 of this title and is 
        retired pursuant to that request is considered for 
        purposes of this section to have been retired 
        involuntarily.
            ``(5) Nature of retirement of certain removed 
        officers.--An officer retired pursuant to section 
        1186(b)(1) of this title is considered for purposes of 
        this section to have been retired voluntarily.
    ``(b) Retirement of Officers Retiring Voluntarily.--
            ``(1) Service-in-grade requirement.--In order to be 
        eligible for voluntary retirement under any provision 
        of this title in a grade above the grade of captain in 
        the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, lieutenant in the 
        Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space Force, a 
        commissioned officer of the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
        Marine Corps, or Space Force must have served on active 
        duty in that grade for a period of not less than three 
        years, except that--
                    ``(A) subject to subsection (c), the 
                Secretary of Defense may reduce such period to 
                a period of not less than two years for any 
                officer; and
                    ``(B) in the case of an officer to be 
                retired in a grade at or below the grade of 
                major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
                Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force, the 
                Secretary of Defense may authorize the 
                Secretary of the military department concerned 
                to reduce such period to a period of not less 
                than two years.
            ``(2) Limitation on delegation.--The authority of 
        the Secretary of Defense in subparagraph (A) of 
        paragraph (1) may not be delegated. The authority of 
        the Secretary of a military department in subparagraph 
        (B) of paragraph (1), as delegated to such Secretary 
        pursuant to such subparagraph, may not be further 
        delegated.
            ``(3) Waiver of requirement.--Subject to subsection 
        (c), the President may waive the application of the 
        service-in-grade requirement in paragraph (1) to 
        officers covered by that paragraph in individual cases 
        involving extreme hardship or exceptional or unusual 
        circumstances. The authority of the President under 
        this paragraph may not be delegated.
            ``(4) Limitation on reduction or waiver of 
        requirement for officers under investigation or pending 
        misconduct.--In the case of an officer to be retired in 
        a grade above the grade of colonel in the Army, Air 
        Force, or Marine Corps, captain in the Navy, or the 
        equivalent grade in the Space Force, the service-in-
        grade requirement in paragraph (1) may not be reduced 
        pursuant to that paragraph, or waived pursuant to 
        paragraph (3), while the officer is under investigation 
        for alleged misconduct or while there is pending the 
        disposition of an adverse personnel action against the 
        officer.
            ``(5) Grade and fiscal year limitations on 
        reduction or waiver of requirements.--The aggregate 
        number of members of an armed force in a grade for whom 
        reductions are made under paragraph (1), and waivers 
        are made under paragraph (3), in a fiscal year may not 
        exceed--
                    ``(A) in the case of officers to be retired 
                in a grade at or below the grade of major in 
                the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
                lieutenant commander in the Navy, or the 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force, the number 
                equal to two percent of the authorized active-
                duty strength for that fiscal year for officers 
                of that armed force in that grade;
                    ``(B) in the case of officers to be retired 
                in the grade of lieutenant colonel or colonel 
                in the Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, 
                commander or captain in the Navy, or an 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force, the number 
                equal to four percent of the authorized active-
                duty strength for that fiscal year for officers 
                of that armed force in the applicable grade; or
                    ``(C) in the case of officers to be retired 
                in the grade of brigadier general or major 
                general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
                Corps, rear admiral (lower half) or rear 
                admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in 
                the Space Force, the number equal to 10 percent 
                of the authorized active-duty strength for that 
                fiscal year for officers of that armed force in 
                the applicable grade.
            ``(6) Notice to congress on reduction or waiver of 
        requirements for general, flag, and equivalent officer 
        grades.--In the case of an officer to be retired in a 
        grade that is a general or flag officer grade, or an 
        equivalent grade in the Space Force, who is eligible to 
        retire in that grade only by reason of an exercise of 
        the authority in paragraph (1) to reduce the service-
        in-grade requirement in that paragraph, or the 
        authority in paragraph (3) to waive that requirement, 
        the Secretary of Defense or the President, as 
        applicable, shall, not later than 60 days prior to the 
        date on which the officer will be retired in that 
        grade, notify the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives of the exercise 
        of the applicable authority with respect to that 
        officer.
            ``(7) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers 
        not meeting requirement.--An officer described in 
        paragraph (1) whose length of service in the highest 
        grade held by the officer while on active duty does not 
        meet the period of the service-in-grade requirement 
        applicable to the officer under this subsection shall, 
        subject to subsection (c), be retired in the next lower 
        grade in which the officer served on active duty 
        satisfactorily, as determined by the Secretary of the 
        military department concerned or the Secretary of 
        Defense, as applicable.
    ``(c) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            ``(1) In general.--An officer of the Army, Navy, 
        Air Force, Marine Corps, or Space Force who is serving 
        or has served in a position of importance and 
        responsibility designated by the President to carry the 
        grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air 
        Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the 
        Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force under 
        section 601 of this title may be retired in such grade 
        under subsection (a) only after the Secretary of 
        Defense certifies in writing to the President and the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives that the officer served on 
        active duty satisfactorily in such grade.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of 
        the Secretary of Defense to make a certification with 
        respect to an officer under paragraph (1) may not be 
        delegated.
            ``(3) Requirements in connection with 
        certification.--A certification with respect to an 
        officer under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of 
                Defense such that it is received by the 
                President and the Committees on Armed Services 
                of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                not later than 60 days prior to the date on 
                which the officer will be retired in the grade 
                concerned;
                    ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the 
                military biography of the officer; and
                    ``(C) include the statement of the 
                Secretary as to whether or not potentially 
                adverse, adverse, or reportable information 
                regarding the officer was considered by the 
                Secretary in making the certification.
            ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case 
        of an officer under paragraph (1) to whom a reduction 
        in the service-in-grade requirement under subsection 
        (b)(1) or waiver under subsection (b)(3) applies, the 
        requirement for notification under subsection (b)(6) is 
        satisfied if the notification is included in the 
        certification submitted by the Secretary of Defense 
        under paragraph (1).
    ``(d) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for 
Officers Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
            ``(1) In general.--When an officer serving in a 
        grade at or below the grade of major general in the 
        Army, Air Force, or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
        Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force is 
        under investigation for alleged misconduct or pending 
        the disposition of an adverse personnel action at the 
        time of retirement, the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned may--
                    ``(A) conditionally determine the highest 
                permanent grade of satisfactory service on 
                active duty of the officer pending completion 
                of the investigation or resolution of the 
                personnel action, as applicable; and
                    ``(B) retire the officer in that 
                conditional grade, subject to subsection (e).
            ``(2) Officers in o-9 and o-10 grades.--When an 
        officer described by subsection (c)(1) is under 
        investigation for alleged misconduct or pending the 
        disposition of an adverse personnel action at the time 
        of retirement, the Secretary of Defense may--
                    ``(A) conditionally determine the highest 
                permanent grade of satisfactory service on 
                active duty of the officer, pending completion 
                of the investigation or personnel action, as 
                applicable; and
                    ``(B) retire the officer in that 
                conditional grade, subject to subsection (e).
            ``(3) Reduction or waiver of service-in-grade 
        requirement prohibited for general, flag, and 
        equivalent officer grades.--In conditionally 
        determining the retirement grade of an officer under 
        paragraph (1)(A) or (2)(A) of this subsection to be a 
        grade above the grade of colonel in the Army, Air 
        Force, or Marine Corps, captain in the Navy, or the 
        equivalent grade in the Space Force, the service-in-
        grade requirement in subsection (b)(1) may not be 
        reduced pursuant to subsection (b)(1) or waived 
        pursuant to subsection (b)(3).
            ``(4) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of 
        the Secretary of a military department under paragraph 
        (1) may not be delegated. The authority of the 
        Secretary of Defense under paragraph (2) may not be 
        delegated.
    ``(e) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of 
Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--
            ``(1) No change from conditional retirement 
        grade.--If the resolution of an investigation or 
        personnel action with respect to an officer who has 
        been retired in a conditional retirement grade pursuant 
        to subsection (d) results in a determination that the 
        conditional retirement grade in which the officer was 
        retired will not be changed, the conditional retirement 
        grade of the officer shall, subject to paragraph (3), 
        be the final retired grade of the officer.
            ``(2) Change from conditional retirement grade.--If 
        the resolution of an investigation or personnel action 
        with respect to an officer who has been retired in a 
        conditional retirement grade pursuant to subsection (d) 
        results in a determination that the conditional 
        retirement grade in which the officer was retired 
        should be changed, the changed retirement grade shall 
        be the final retired grade of the officer under this 
        section, except that if the final retirement grade 
        provided for an officer pursuant to this paragraph is 
        the grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, 
        Air Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in 
        the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space Force, 
        the requirements in subsection (c) shall apply in 
        connection with the retirement of the officer in such 
        final retirement grade.
            ``(3) Recalculation of retired pay.--
                    ``(A) In general.--If the final retired 
                grade of an officer is as a result of a change 
                under paragraph (2), the retired pay of the 
                officer under chapter 71 of this title shall be 
                recalculated accordingly, with any modification 
                of the retired pay of the officer to go into 
                effect as of the date of the retirement of the 
                officer.
                    ``(B) Payment of higher amount for period 
                of conditional retirement grade.--If the 
                recalculation of the retired pay of an officer 
                results in an increase in retired pay, the 
                officer shall be paid the amount by which such 
                increased retired pay exceeded the amount of 
                retired pay paid the officer for retirement in 
                the officer's conditional grade during the 
                period beginning on the date of the retirement 
                of the officer in such conditional grade and 
                ending on the effective date of the change of 
                the officer's retired grade. For an officer 
                whose retired grade is determined pursuant to 
                subsection (c), the effective date of the 
                change of the officer's retired grade for 
                purposes of this subparagraph shall be the date 
                that is 60 days after the date on which the 
                Secretary of Defense submits to the Committees 
                on Armed Services of the Senate and the House 
                of Representatives the certification required 
                by subsection (c) in connection with the 
                retired grade of the officer.
                    ``(C) Recoupment of overage during period 
                of conditional retirement grade.--If the 
                recalculation of the retired pay of an officer 
                results in a decrease in retired pay, there 
                shall be recouped from the officer the amount 
                by which the amount of retired pay paid the 
                officer for retirement in the officer's 
                conditional grade exceeded such decreased 
                retired pay during the period beginning on the 
                date of the retirement of the officer in such 
                conditional grade and ending on the effective 
                date of the change of the officer's retired 
                grade.
    ``(f) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional 
        determination authorized by subsection (d), a 
        determination of the retired grade of an officer 
        pursuant to this section is administratively final on 
        the day the officer is retired, and may not be 
        reopened, except as provided in paragraph (2).
            ``(2) Reopening.--A final determination of the 
        retired grade of an officer may be reopened as follows:
                    ``(A) If the retirement or retired grade of 
                the officer was procured by fraud.
                    ``(B) If substantial evidence comes to 
                light after the retirement that could have led 
                to determination of a different retired grade 
                under this section if known by competent 
                authority at the time of retirement.
                    ``(C) If a mistake of law or calculation 
                was made in the determination of the retired 
                grade.
                    ``(D) If the applicable Secretary 
                determines, pursuant to regulations prescribed 
                by the Secretary of Defense, that good cause 
                exists to reopen the determination of retired 
                grade.
            ``(3) Applicable secretary.--For purposes of this 
        subsection, the applicable Secretary for purposes of a 
        determination or action specified in this subsection 
        is--
                    ``(A) the Secretary of the military 
                department concerned, in the case of an officer 
                retired in a grade at or below the grade of 
                major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
                Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or the 
                equivalent grade in the Space Force; or
                    ``(B) the Secretary of Defense, in the case 
                of an officer retired in a grade of lieutenant 
                general or general in the Army, Air Force, or 
                Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral in the 
                Navy, or an equivalent grade in the Space 
                Force.
            ``(4) Notice and limitation.--If a final 
        determination of the retired grade of an officer is 
        reopened in accordance with paragraph (2), the 
        applicable Secretary--
                    ``(A) shall notify the officer of the 
                reopening; and
                    ``(B) may not make an adverse determination 
                on the retired grade of the officer until the 
                officer has had a reasonable opportunity to 
                respond regarding the basis for the reopening 
                of the officer's retired grade.
            ``(5) Additional notice on reopening for officers 
        retired in o-9 and o-10 grades.--If the determination 
        of the retired grade of an officer whose retired grade 
        was provided for pursuant to subsection (c) is 
        reopened, the Secretary of Defense shall also notify 
        the President and the Committees on Armed Services of 
        the Senate and the House of Representatives.
            ``(6) Manner of making of change.--If the retired 
        grade of an officer is proposed to be changed through 
        the reopening of the final determination of an 
        officer's retired grade under this subsection, the 
        change in grade shall be made--
                    ``(A) in the case of an officer whose 
                retired grade is to be changed to a grade at or 
                below the grade of major general in the Army, 
                Air Force or Marine Corps, rear admiral in the 
                Navy, or the equivalent grade in the Space 
                Force, in accordance with subsections (a) and 
                (b)--
                            ``(i) by the Secretary of Defense 
                        (who may delegate such authority only 
                        as authorized by clause (ii)); or
                            ``(ii) if authorized by the 
                        Secretary of Defense, by the Secretary 
                        of the military department concerned 
                        (who may not further delegate such 
                        authority);
                    ``(B) in the case of an officer whose 
                retired grade is to be changed to the grade of 
                lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air 
                Force, or Marine Corps, vice admiral or admiral 
                in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the 
                Space Force, by the President, by and with the 
                advice and consent of the Senate.
            ``(7) Recalculation of retired pay.--If the final 
        retired grade of an officer is changed through the 
        reopening of the officer's retired grade under this 
        subsection, the retired pay of the officer under 
        chapter 71 of this title shall be recalculated. Any 
        modification of the retired pay of the officer as a 
        result of the change shall go into effect on the 
        effective date of the change of the officer's retired 
        grade, and the officer shall not be entitled or subject 
        to any changed amount of retired pay for any period 
        before such effective date. An officer whose retired 
        grade is changed as provided in paragraph (6)(B) shall 
        not be entitled or subject to a change in retired pay 
        for any period before the date on which the Senate 
        provides advice and consent for the retirement of the 
        officer in such grade.
    ``(g) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, 
the term `highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below 
the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
Corps, rear admiral in the Navy, or an equivalent grade in the 
Space Force.

``Sec. 1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service

    ``(a) Retirement in Highest Grade Held Satisfactorily.--
Unless entitled to a different grade, or to credit for 
satisfactory service in a different grade under some other 
provision of law, a person who is entitled to retired pay under 
chapter 1223 of this title shall, upon application under 
section 12731 of this title, be credited with satisfactory 
service in the highest permanent grade in which that person 
served satisfactorily at any time in the armed forces, as 
determined by the Secretary of the military department 
concerned in accordance with this section.
    ``(b) Service-in-grade Requirement for Officers in Grades 
Below O-5.--In order to be credited with satisfactory service 
in an officer grade (other than a warrant officer grade) below 
the grade of lieutenant colonel or commander (in the case of 
the Navy), a person covered by subsection (a) must have served 
satisfactorily in that grade (as determined by the Secretary of 
the military department concerned) as a reserve commissioned 
officer in an active status, or in a retired status on active 
duty, for not less than six months.
    ``(c) Service-in-grade Requirement for Offices in Grades 
Above O-4.--
            ``(1) In general.--In order to be credited with 
        satisfactory service in an officer grade above major or 
        lieutenant commander (in the case of the Navy), a 
        person covered by subsection (a) must have served 
        satisfactorily in that grade (as determined by the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned) as a 
        reserve commissioned officer in an active status, or in 
        a retired status on active duty, for not less than 
        three years.
            ``(2) Satisfaction of requirement by certain 
        officers not completing three years.--A person covered 
        by paragraph (1) who has completed at least six months 
        of satisfactory service in grade may be credited with 
        satisfactory service in the grade in which serving at 
        the time of transfer or discharge, notwithstanding 
        failure of the person to complete three years of 
        service in that grade, if the person is transferred 
        from an active status or discharged as a reserve 
        commissioned officer--
                    ``(A) solely due to the requirements of a 
                nondiscretionary provision of law requiring 
                that transfer or discharge due to the person's 
                age or years of service; or
                    ``(B) because the person no longer meets 
                the qualifications for membership in the Ready 
                Reserve solely because of a physical 
                disability, as determined in accordance with 
                chapter 61 of this title, and at the time of 
                such transfer or discharge the person (pursuant 
                to section 12731b of this title or otherwise) 
                meets the service requirements established by 
                section 12731(a) of this title for eligibility 
                for retired pay under chapter 1223 of this 
                title, unless the disability is described in 
                section 12731b of this title.
            ``(3) Reduction in service-in-grade requirements.--
                    ``(A) Officers in grades below general and 
                flag officer grades.--In the case of a person 
                to be retired in a grade below brigadier 
                general or rear admiral (lower half) in the 
                Navy, the Secretary of Defense may authorize 
                the Secretary of a military department to 
                reduce, subject to subparagraph (B), the three-
                year period of service-in-grade required by 
                paragraph (1) to a period not less than two 
                years. The authority of the Secretary of a 
                military department under this subparagraph may 
                not be delegated.
                    ``(B) Limitation.--The number of reserve 
                commissioned officers of an armed force in the 
                same grade for whom a reduction is made under 
                subparagraph (A) during any fiscal year in the 
                period of service-in-grade otherwise required 
                by paragraph (1) may not exceed the number 
                equal to 2 percent of the strength authorized 
                for that fiscal year for reserve commissioned 
                officers of that armed force in an active 
                status in that grade.
                    ``(C) Officers in general and flag officers 
                grades.--The Secretary of Defense may reduce 
                the three-year period of service-in-grade 
                required by paragraph (1) to a period not less 
                than two years for any person, including a 
                person who, upon transfer to the Retired 
                Reserve or discharge, is to be credited with 
                satisfactory service in a general or flag 
                officer grade under that paragraph. The 
                authority of the Secretary of Defense under 
                this subparagraph may not be delegated.
                    ``(D) Notice to congress on reduction in 
                service-in-grade requirements for general and 
                flag officer grades.--In the case of a person 
                to be credited under this section with 
                satisfactory service in a grade that is a 
                general or flag officer grade who is eligible 
                to be credited with such service in that grade 
                only by reason of an exercise of authority in 
                subparagraph (C) to reduce the three-year 
                service-in-grade requirement otherwise 
                applicable under paragraph (1), the Secretary 
                of Defense shall, not later than 60 days prior 
                to the date on which the person will be 
                credited with such satisfactory service in that 
                grade, notify the Committees on Armed Services 
                of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                of the exercise of authority in subparagraph 
                (C) with respect to that person.
            ``(4) Officers serving in grades above o-6 
        involuntarily transferred from active status.--A person 
        covered by paragraph (1) who has completed at least six 
        months of satisfactory service in a grade above colonel 
        or (in the case of the Navy) captain and, while serving 
        in an active status in such grade, is involuntarily 
        transferred (other than for cause) from active status 
        may be credited with satisfactory service in the grade 
        in which serving at the time of such transfer, 
        notwithstanding failure of the person to complete three 
        years of service in that grade.
            ``(5) Adjutants and assistant adjutants general.--
        If a person covered by paragraph (1) has completed at 
        least six months of satisfactory service in grade, the 
        person was serving in that grade while serving in a 
        position of adjutant general required under section 314 
        of title 32 or while serving in a position of assistant 
        adjutant general subordinate to such a position of 
        adjutant general, and the person has failed to complete 
        three years of service in that grade solely because the 
        person's appointment to such position has been 
        terminated or vacated as described in section 324(b) of 
        such title, the person may be credited with 
        satisfactory service in that grade, notwithstanding the 
        failure of the person to complete three years of 
        service in that grade.
            ``(6) Officers recommended for promotion serving in 
        certain grade before promotion.--To the extent 
        authorized by the Secretary of the military department 
        concerned, a person who, after having been recommended 
        for promotion in a report of a promotion board but 
        before being promoted to the recommended grade, served 
        in a position for which that grade is the minimum 
        authorized grade may be credited for purposes of 
        paragraph (1) as having served in that grade for the 
        period for which the person served in that position 
        while in the next lower grade. The period credited may 
        not include any period before the date on which the 
        Senate provides advice and consent for the appointment 
        of that person in the recommended grade.
            ``(7) Officers qualified for federal recognition 
        serving in certain grade before appointment.--To the 
        extent authorized by the Secretary of the military 
        department concerned, a person who, after having been 
        found qualified for Federal recognition in a higher 
        grade by a board under section 307 of title 32, serves 
        in a position for which that grade is the minimum 
        authorized grade and is appointed as a reserve officer 
        in that grade may be credited for the purposes of 
        paragraph (1) as having served in that grade. The 
        period of the service for which credit is afforded 
        under the preceding sentence may be only the period for 
        which the person served in the position after the 
        Senate provides advice and consent for the appointment.
            ``(8) Retirement in next lowest grade for officers 
        not meeting service-in-grade requirements.--A person 
        whose length of service in the highest grade held does 
        not meet the service-in-grade requirements specified in 
        this subsection shall be credited with satisfactory 
        service in the next lower grade in which that person 
        served satisfactorily (as determined by the Secretary 
        of the military department concerned) for not less than 
        six months.
    ``(d) Officers in O-9 and O-10 Grades.--
            ``(1) In general.--A person covered by this section 
        in the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps who is 
        serving or has served in a position of importance and 
        responsibility designated by the President to carry the 
        grade of lieutenant general or general in the Army, Air 
        Force, or Marine Corps, or vice admiral or admiral in 
        the Navy under section 601 of this title may be retired 
        in such grade under subsection (a) only after the 
        Secretary of Defense certifies in writing to the 
        President and the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives that the 
        officer served satisfactorily in such grade.
            ``(2) Prohibition on delegation.--The authority of 
        the Secretary of Defense to make a certification with 
        respect to an officer under paragraph (1) may not be 
        delegated.
            ``(3) Requirements in connection with 
        certification.--A certification with respect to an 
        officer under paragraph (1) shall--
                    ``(A) be submitted by the Secretary of 
                Defense such that it is received by the 
                President and the Committees on Armed Services 
                of the Senate and the House of Representatives 
                not later than 60 days prior to the date on 
                which the officer will be retired in the grade 
                concerned;
                    ``(B) include an up-to-date copy of the 
                military biography of the officer; and
                    ``(C) include the statement of the 
                Secretary as to whether or not potentially 
                adverse, adverse, or reportable information 
                regarding the officer was considered by the 
                Secretary in making the certification.
            ``(4) Construction with other notice.--In the case 
        of an officer under paragraph (1) who is eligible to be 
        credited with service in a grade only by reason of the 
        exercise of the authority in subsection (c)(3)(C) to 
        reduce the three-year service-in-grade requirement 
        under subsection (c)(1), the requirement for 
        notification under subsection (c)(3)(D) is satisfied if 
        the notification is included in the certification 
        submitted by the Secretary of Defense under paragraph 
        (1).
    ``(e) Conditional Retirement Grade and Retirement for 
Officers Under Investigation for Misconduct or Pending Adverse 
Personnel Action.--The retirement grade, and retirement, of a 
person covered by this section who is under investigation for 
alleged misconduct or pending the disposition of an adverse 
personnel action at the time of retirement is as provided for 
by section 1370(d) of this title. In the application of such 
section 1370(d) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
`active duty' shall be deemed not to apply, and any reference 
to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to 
be a reference to the analogous provision of this section.
    ``(f) Final Retirement Grade Following Resolution of 
Pending Investigation or Adverse Action.--The final retirement 
grade under this section of a person described in subsection 
(e) following resolution of the investigation or personnel 
action concerned is the final retirement grade provided for by 
section 1370(e) of this title. In the application of such 
section 1370(e) for purposes of this subsection, any reference 
to a provision of section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to 
be a reference to the analogous provision of this section. In 
the application of paragraph (3) of such section 1370e(e) for 
purposes of this subsection, the reference to `chapter 71' of 
this title shall be deemed to be a reference to `chapter 1223 
of this title'.
    ``(g) Finality of Retired Grade Determinations.--
            ``(1) In general.--Except for a conditional 
        determination authorized by subsection (e), a 
        determination of the retired grade of a person pursuant 
        to this section is administratively final on the day 
        the person is retired, and may not be reopened.
            ``(2) Reopening.--A determination of the retired 
        grade of a person may be reopened in accordance with 
        applicable provisions of section 1370(f) of this title. 
        In the application of such section 1370(f) for purposes 
        of this subsection, any reference to a provision of 
        section 1370 of this title shall be deemed to be a 
        reference to the analogous provision of this section. 
        In the application of paragraph (7) of such section 
        1370(f) for purposes of this paragraph, the reference 
        to `chapter 71 of this title' shall be deemed to be a 
        reference to `chapter 1223 of this title'.
    ``(h) Highest Permanent Grade Defined.--In this section, 
the term `highest permanent grade' means a grade at or below 
the grade of major general in the Army, Air Force, or Marine 
Corps or rear admiral in the Navy.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 69 of title 10, United States 
        Code, is amended by striking the item relating to 
        section 1370 and inserting the following new items:

``1370. Regular commissioned officers.
``1370a. Officers entitled to retired pay for non-regular service.''.

    (b) Conforming and Technical Amendments to Retired Grade 
Rules for the Armed Forces.--
            (1) Retired pay.--Title 10, United States Code, is 
        amended as follows:
                    (A) In section 1406(b)(2), by striking 
                ``section 1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 
                1370a''.
                    (B) In section 1407(f)(2)(B), by striking 
                ``by reason of denial of a determination or 
                certification under section 1370'' and 
                inserting ``pursuant to section 1370 or 
                1370a''.
            (2) Army.--Section 7341 of such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and 
                inserting the following new subsection (a):
    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned 
officer of the Army who retires other than for physical 
disability is determined under section 1370 of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer 
of the Army who retires other than for physical disability is 
determined under section 1370a of this title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by striking ``he'' and 
                        inserting ``the member''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``his'' and 
                        inserting ``the member's''.
            (3) Navy and marine corps.--Such title is further 
        amended as follows:
                    (A) In section 8262(a), by striking 
                ``sections 689 and 1370'' and inserting 
                ``section 689, and section 1370 or 1370a (as 
                applicable),''.
                    (B) In section 8323(c), by striking 
                ``section 1370 of this title'' and inserting 
                ``section 1370 or 1370a of this title, as 
                applicable''.
            (4) Air force and space force.--Section 9341 of 
        such title is amended--
                    (A) by striking subsection (a) and 
                inserting the following new subsection (a):
    ``(a)(1) The retired grade of a regular commissioned 
officer of the Air Force or the Space Force who retires other 
than for physical disability is determined under section 1370 
of this title.
    ``(2) The retired grade of a reserve commissioned officer 
of the Air Force or the Space Force who retires other than for 
physical disability is determined under section 1370a of this 
title.''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)--
                            (i) by inserting ``or a Regular or 
                        Reserve of the Space Force'' after 
                        ``Air Force'';
                            (ii) by striking ``he'' and 
                        inserting ``the member''; and
                            (iii) by striking ``his'' and 
                        inserting ``the member's''.
            (5) Reserve officers.--Section 12771 of such title 
        is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a), by striking 
                ``section 1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 
                1370a of this title''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b)(1), by striking 
                ``section 1370(d)'' and inserting ``section 
                1370a''.
    (c) Other References.--In the determination of the retired 
grade of a commissioned officer of the Armed Forces entitled to 
retired pay under chapter 1223 of title 10, United States Code, 
who retires after the date of the enactment of this Act, any 
reference in a provision of law or regulation to section 1370 
of title 10, United States Code, in such determination with 
respect to such officer shall be deemed to be a reference to 
section 1370a of title 10, United States Code (as amended by 
subsection (a)).

SEC. 509. REPEAL OF AUTHORITY FOR ORIGINAL APPOINTMENT OF REGULAR NAVY 
                    OFFICERS DESIGNATED FOR ENGINEERING DUTY, 
                    AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING DUTY, AND SPECIAL DUTY.

    (a) Repeal.--Section 8137 of title 10, United States Code, 
is repealed.
    (b) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 815 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 8137.

SEC. 509A. PERMANENT PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.

    (a) Permanent Programs.--Section 509 of the National 
Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public Law 114-
328; 130 Stat. 2109; 10 U.S.C. 503 note) is amended--
            (1) in the subsection heading of subsection (a), by 
        striking ``Pilot'';
            (2) by striking ``pilot'' each place it appears; 
        and
            (3) by striking subsections (d) and (e).
    (b) Heading Amendment.--The heading of such section is 
amended to read as follows:

``SEC. 509. PROGRAMS ON DIRECT COMMISSIONS TO CYBER POSITIONS.''.

SEC. 509B. REVIEW OF SEAMAN TO ADMIRAL-21 PROGRAM.

    (a) Review.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of the Navy shall 
        review the policies and procedures for the Seaman to 
        Admiral-21 program in effect during fiscal years 2010 
        through 2014.
            (2) Elements.--The elements of the review shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A determination whether officer 
                candidates selected for the Seaman to Admiral-
                21 program after October 28, 2009, and before 
                30 September 2014, were notified or otherwise 
                informed that they would not receive retirement 
                credit for the months of active service used in 
                pursuit of a baccalaureate-level degree under 
                the program following completion of the program 
                and upon appointment to the grade of ensign in 
                the Navy.
                    (B) An explanation of how and when the Navy 
                implemented the requirements of former section 
                6328(c) of title 10, United States Code 
                (currently section 8328(c) of that title) for 
                Seaman to Admiral-21 participants.
                    (C) The number of personnel who were 
                selected for the Seaman to Admiral-21 program, 
                completed a baccalaureate-level degree, and 
                were appointed as an ensign in the Navy under 
                the program from fiscal years 2010 through 
                2014.
                    (D) A determination whether the personnel 
                described in subparagraph (C) should be 
                eligible for retirement credit for the months 
                of active service spent in pursuit of a 
                baccalaureate-level degree.
    (b) Report.--The Secretary shall submit to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the review under 
subsection (a).
    (c) Deadline.--The Secretary of the Navy shall carry out 
this section by not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act.

                Subtitle B--Reserve Component Management

SEC. 511. TEMPORARY AUTHORITY TO ORDER RETIRED MEMBERS TO ACTIVE DUTY 
                    IN HIGH-DEMAND, LOW-DENSITY ASSIGNMENTS DURING WAR 
                    OR NATIONAL EMERGENCY.

    Section 688a of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by redesignating subsection (g) as subsection 
        (h); and
            (2) by inserting after subsection (f) the following 
        new subsection (g):
    ``(g) Exceptions During Periods of War or National 
Emergency.--The limitations in subsections (c) and (f) shall 
not apply during a time of war or of national emergency 
declared by Congress or the President.''.

SEC. 512. EXPANSION OF JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM.

    Section 2031(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after ``service to the United States'' the 
following: ``(including an introduction to service 
opportunities in military, national, and public service)''.

SEC. 513. GRANTS TO SUPPORT STEM EDUCATION IN THE JUNIOR RESERVE 
                    OFFICERS' TRAINING CORPS.

    (a) Program Authority.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 102 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
                    mathematics education

    ``(a) Authority.--The Secretary, in consultation with the 
Secretary of Education, may carry out a program to make grants 
to eligible entities to assist such entities in providing 
education in covered subjects to students in the Junior Reserve 
Officers' Training Corps.
    ``(b) Coordination.--In carrying out a program under 
subsection (a), the Secretary may coordinate with the 
following:
            ``(1) The Director of the National Science 
        Foundation.
            ``(2) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics 
        and Space Administration.
            ``(3) The heads of such other Federal, State, and 
        local government entities the Secretary of Defense 
        determines to be appropriate.
    ``(c) Activities.--Activities funded with grants under this 
section may include the following:
            ``(1) Training and other support for instructors to 
        teach courses in covered subjects to students.
            ``(2) The acquisition of materials, hardware, and 
        software necessary for the instruction of covered 
        subjects.
            ``(3) Activities that improve the quality of 
        educational materials, training opportunities, and 
        curricula available to students and instructors in 
        covered subjects.
            ``(4) Development of travel opportunities, 
        demonstrations, mentoring programs, and informal 
        education in covered subjects for students and 
        instructors.
            ``(5) Students' pursuit of certifications in 
        covered subjects.
    ``(d) Preference.--In making any grants under this section, 
the Secretary shall give preference to eligible entities that 
are eligible for assistance under part A of title I of the 
Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 
et seq.).
    ``(e) Evaluations.--In carrying out a program under this 
section, the Secretary shall establish outcome-based metrics 
and internal and external assessments to evaluate the merits 
and benefits of the activities funded with grants under this 
section with respect to the needs of the Department of Defense.
    ``(f) Authorities.--In carrying out a program under this 
section, the Secretary shall, to the extent practicable, make 
use of the authorities under chapter 111 and sections 2601 and 
2605 of this title, and other authorities the Secretary 
determines appropriate.
    ``(g) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `eligible entity' means a local 
        education agency that hosts a unit of the Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps.
            ``(2) The term `covered subjects' means--
                    ``(A) science;
                    ``(B) technology;
                    ``(C) engineering;
                    ``(D) mathematics;
                    ``(E) computer science;
                    ``(F) computational thinking;
                    ``(G) artificial intelligence;
                    ``(H) machine learning;
                    ``(I) data science;
                    ``(J) cybersecurity;
                    ``(K) robotics;
                    ``(L) health sciences; and
                    ``(M) other subjects determined by the 
                Secretary of Defense to be related to science, 
                technology, engineering, and mathematics.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 102 of such title is amended 
        by adding at the end the following new item:

``2036. Grants to support science, technology, engineering, and 
          mathematics education.''.

    (b) Report.--Not later than two years after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and House of 
Representatives a report on any activities carried out under 
section 2036 of title 10, United States Code (as added by 
subsection (a)).

SEC. 514. PERMANENT SUICIDE PREVENTION AND RESILIENCE PROGRAM FOR THE 
                    RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    Section 10219 of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by striking subsection (h).

SEC. 515. MODIFICATION OF EDUCATION LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAM FOR MEMBERS 
                    OF SELECTED RESERVE.

    (a) Modification of Maximum Repayment Amount.--Section 
16301(b) of title 10, United States Code, is amended by 
striking ``$500'' and inserting ``$1,000''.
    (b) Effective Date and Applicability.--The amendment made 
by subsection (a) shall take effect on the date of the 
enactment of this Act and shall apply with respect to loan 
repayment under section 16301 of title 10, United States Code, 
for eligible years of service completed on or after the date of 
the enactment of this Act.

SEC. 516. INCLUSION OF DRILL OR TRAINING FOREGONE DUE TO EMERGENCY 
                    TRAVEL OR DUTY RESTRICTIONS IN COMPUTATIONS OF 
                    ENTITLEMENT TO AND AMOUNTS OF RETIRED PAY FOR NON-
                    REGULAR SERVICE.

    (a) Entitlement to Retired Pay.--Section 12732(a)(2) of 
title 10, United States Code, is amended--
            (1) by inserting after subparagraph (E) the 
        following new subparagraph:
                    ``(F)(i) Subject to regulations prescribed 
                by the Secretary of Defense or the Secretary of 
                Homeland Security with respect to matters 
                concerning the Coast Guard when it is not 
                operating as a service in the Department of the 
                Navy, one point for each day of active service 
                or one point for each drill or period of 
                equivalent instruction that was prescribed by 
                the Secretary concerned to be performed during 
                the covered emergency period, if such person 
                was prevented from performing such duty due to 
                travel or duty restrictions imposed by the 
                President, the Secretary of Defense, or the 
                Secretary of Homeland Security with respect to 
                the Coast Guard.
                    ``(ii) A person may not be credited more 
                than 35 points in a one-year period under this 
                subparagraph.
                    ``(iii) In this subparagraph, the term 
                `covered emergency period' means the period 
                beginning on March 1, 2020, and ending on the 
                day that is 60 days after the date on which the 
                travel or duty restriction applicable to the 
                person concerned is lifted.''; and
            (2) in the matter following subparagraph (F), as 
        inserted by paragraph (1), by striking ``and (E)'' and 
        inserting ``(E), and (F)''.
    (b) Amount of Retired Pay.--Section 12733(3) of such title 
is amended in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by 
striking ``or (D)'' and inserting ``(D), or (F)''.
    (c) Reporting.--
            (1) Report required.--Not later than one year after 
        the date on which the covered emergency period, as 
        defined in subparagraph (F) of section 12732(a)(2) of 
        such title, as added by subsection (a), ends, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall submit to the congressional 
        defense committees a report on the use of the authority 
        under such subparagraph.
            (2) Elements.--The report under this subsection 
        shall include, with respect to each reserve component, 
        the following:
                    (A) The number of individuals granted 
                credit as a result of a training cancellation.
                    (B) The number of individuals granted 
                credit as a result of another extenuating 
                circumstance.
            (3) Publication.--Not later than 30 days after 
        submitting the report under paragraph (1), the 
        Secretary shall--
                    (A) publish the report on a publicly 
                accessible website of the Department of 
                Defense; and
                    (B) ensure that any data in the report is 
                made available in a machine-readable format 
                that is downloadable, searchable, and sortable.

SEC. 517. QUARANTINE LODGING FOR MEMBERS OF THE RESERVE COMPONENTS WHO 
                    PERFORM CERTAIN SERVICE IN RESPONSE TO THE COVID-19 
                    EMERGENCY.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may provide, to a 
member of the reserve components of the Armed Forces who 
performs a period of covered service, housing for not fewer 
than 14 days immediately after the end of such period of 
covered service.
    (b) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``active service'' has the meaning 
        given that term in section 101 of title 10, United 
        States Code.
            (2) The term ``covered service'' means active 
        service performed in response to the covered national 
        emergency.
            (3) The term ``covered national emergency'' means 
        the national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by 
        the President under the National Emergencies Act (50 
        U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with respect to COVID-19.

SEC. 518. DIRECT EMPLOYMENT PILOT PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN MEMBERS OF THE 
                    RESERVE COMPONENTS.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense may carry out a 
pilot program to enhance the efforts of the Department of 
Defense to provide job placement assistance and related 
employment services directly to members of the National Guard 
and Reserves in reserve active-status.
    (b) Administration.--Any such pilot program shall be 
offered to, and administered by, the adjutants general 
appointed under section 314 of title 32, United States Code, or 
other officials in the States concerned designated by the 
Secretary for purposes of the pilot program.
    (c) Cost-Sharing Requirement.--As a condition on the 
provision of funds under this section to a State to support the 
operation of the pilot program in that State, the State must 
agree to contribute funds, derived from non-Federal sources, in 
an amount equal to at least 50 percent of the funds necessary 
for the operation of the pilot program in that State.
    (d) Development.--In developing any such pilot program, the 
Secretary shall--
            (1) incorporate elements of State direct employment 
        programs for members of the reserve components; and
            (2) use resources provided to members of the Armed 
        Forces with civilian training opportunities through the 
        SkillBridge transition training program administered by 
        the Department of Defense.
    (e) Direct Employment Program Model.--Any such pilot 
program shall use a job placement program model that focuses on 
working one-on-one with eligible members to cost-effectively 
provide job placement services, including--
            (1) identifying unemployed and underemployed 
        individuals;
            (2) job matching services;
            (3) resume editing;
            (4) interview preparation; and
            (5) post-employment follow up.
    (f) Evaluation.--The Secretary shall develop outcome 
metrics to evaluate the success of any such pilot program.
    (g) Reporting.--
            (1) Report required.--If the Secretary carries out 
        the pilot Program, the Secretary of Defense shall 
        submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
        describing the results of the pilot program not later 
        than March 1, 2022. The Secretary shall prepare the 
        report in coordination with the Chief of the National 
        Guard Bureau.
            (2) Elements.--A report under paragraph (1) shall 
        include the following:
                    (A) A description and assessment of the 
                effectiveness and achievements of the pilot 
                program, including the number of members of the 
                reserve components of the Armed Forces hired 
                and the cost-per-placement of participating 
                members.
                    (B) An assessment of the effects of the 
                pilot program and increased reserve component 
                employment on the readiness of members of the 
                reserve components and on the retention of 
                members.
                    (C) A comparison of the pilot program to 
                other programs conducted by the Department of 
                Defense to provide unemployment or 
                underemployment support to members of the 
                reserve components of the Armed Forces, 
                including the best practices developed through 
                and used in such programs.
                    (D) Any other matters the Secretary of 
                Defense determines appropriate.
    (h) Duration; Extension.--
            (1) Subject to paragraph (2), the authority to 
        carry out the pilot program expires on September 30, 
        2024.
            (2) The Secretary may elect to extend the pilot 
        program for not more than two additional fiscal years.

SEC. 519. PILOT PROGRAMS AUTHORIZED IN CONNECTION WITH SROTC UNITS AND 
                    CSPI PROGRAMS AT HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND 
                    UNIVERSITIES AND MINORITY INSTITUTIONS.

    (a) Pilot Programs Required.--The Secretary of Defense may 
carry out two pilot programs as follows:
            (1) A pilot program, with elements as provided for 
        in subsection (c), at covered institutions in order to 
        assess the feasibility and advisability of mechanisms 
        to reduce barriers to participation in the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps at such institutions 
        by creating partnerships between satellite or extension 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units at such 
        institutions and covered military installations.
            (2) In consultation with the Secretary of Homeland 
        Security, a pilot program, with elements as provided 
        for in subsection (d), in order to assess the 
        feasibility and advisability of the provision of 
        financial assistance to members of the Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps, and members of the Coast 
        Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative, at 
        covered institutions for participation in flight 
        training.
    (b) Duration.--The duration of each pilot program under 
subsection (a) may not exceed 5 years.
    (c) Pilot Program on Partnerships Between Satellite or 
Extension SROTC Units and Covered Military Installations.--
            (1) Participating institutions.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall carry out the pilot program required by 
        subsection (a)(1) at not fewer than five covered 
        institutions selected by the Secretary for purposes of 
        the pilot program.
            (2) Requirements for selection.--Each covered 
        institution selected by the Secretary for purposes of 
        the pilot program under subsection (a)(1) shall--
                    (A) currently maintain a satellite or 
                extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
                Corps unit under chapter 103 of title 10, 
                United States Code, that is located more than 
                20 miles from the host unit of such unit; or
                    (B) establish and maintain a satellite or 
                extension Senior Reserve Officers' Training 
                Corps unit that meets the requirements in 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) Preference in selection of institutions.--In 
        selecting covered institutions under this subsection 
        for participation in the pilot program under subsection 
        (a)(1), the Secretary shall give preference to covered 
        institutions that are located within 20 miles of a 
        covered military installation of the same Armed Force 
        as the host unit of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps of the covered institution concerned.
            (4) Partnership activities.--The activities 
        conducted under the pilot program under subsection 
        (a)(1) between a satellite or extension Senior Reserve 
        Officers' Training Corps unit and the covered military 
        installation concerned shall include such activities 
        designed to reduce barriers to participation in the 
        Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps at the covered 
        institution concerned as the Secretary considers 
        appropriate, including measures to mitigate travel time 
        and expenses in connection with receipt of Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps instruction.
    (d) Pilot Program on Financial Assistance for SROTC and 
CSPI Members for Flight Training.--
            (1) Eligibility for participation by srotc and cspi 
        members.--A member of a Senior Reserve Officers' 
        Training Corps unit, or a member of a Coast Guard 
        College Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative program, 
        at a covered institution may participate in the pilot 
        program under subsection (a)(2) if the member meets 
        such academic requirements at the covered institution, 
        and such other requirements, as the Secretary concerned 
        shall establish for purposes of the pilot program.
            (2) Preference in selection of participants.--In 
        selecting members under this subsection for 
        participation in the pilot program under subsection 
        (a)(2), the Secretary concerned shall give a preference 
        to members who will pursue flight training under the 
        pilot program at a covered institution.
            (3) Financial assistance for flight training.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary concerned 
                may provide any member of a Senior Reserve 
                Officers' Training Corps unit or a College 
                Student Pre-Commissioning Initiative program 
                who participates in the pilot program under 
                subsection (a)(2) financial assistance to 
                defray, whether in whole or in part, the 
                charges and fees imposed on the member for 
                flight training.
                    (B) Flight training.--Financial assistance 
                may be used under subparagraph (A) for a course 
                of flight training only if the course meets 
                Federal Aviation Administration standards and 
                is approved by the Federal Aviation 
                Administration and the applicable State 
                approving agency.
                    (C) Use.--Financial assistance received by 
                a member under subparagraph (A) may be used 
                only to defray the charges and fees imposed on 
                the member as described in that subparagraph.
                    (D) Cessation of eligibility.--Financial 
                assistance may not be provided to a member 
                under subparagraph (A) as follows:
                            (i) If the member ceases to meet 
                        the academic and other requirements 
                        established pursuant to paragraph (1).
                            (ii) If the member ceases to be a 
                        member of the Senior Reserve Officers' 
                        Training Corps or the College Student 
                        Pre-Commissioning Initiative, as 
                        applicable.
    (e) Evaluation Metrics.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
establish metrics to evaluate the effectiveness of the pilot 
programs under subsection (a).
    (f) Reports.--
            (1) Initial report.--Not later than 180 days after 
        the commencement of the pilot programs under subsection 
        (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
        Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
        House of Representatives a report on the pilot 
        programs. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of each pilot program, 
                including in the case of the pilot program 
                under subsection (a)(2) the requirements 
                established pursuant to subsection (d)(1).
                    (B) The evaluation metrics established 
                under subsection (e).
                    (C) Such other matters relating to the 
                pilot programs as the Secretary considers 
                appropriate.
            (2) Annual report.--Not later than 90 days after 
        the end of each fiscal year in which the Secretary 
        carries out the pilot programs, the Secretary shall 
        submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
        pilot programs during such fiscal year. Each report 
        shall include, for the fiscal year covered by such 
        report, the following:
                    (A) In the case of the pilot program 
                required by subsection (a)(1), a description of 
                the partnerships between satellite or extension 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units 
                and covered military installations under the 
                pilot program.
                    (B) In the case of the pilot program 
                required by subsection (a)(2), the following:
                            (i) The number of members of Senior 
                        Reserve Officers' Training Corps units, 
                        and the number of members of Coast 
                        Guard College Student Pre-Commissioning 
                        Initiative programs, at covered 
                        institutions selected for purposes of 
                        the pilot program, including the number 
                        of such members participating in the 
                        pilot program.
                            (ii) The number of recipients of 
                        financial assistance provided under the 
                        pilot program, including the number 
                        who--
                                    (I) completed a ground 
                                school course of instruction in 
                                connection with obtaining a 
                                private pilot's certificate;
                                    (II) completed flight 
                                training, and the type of 
                                training, certificate, or both 
                                received;
                                    (III) were selected for a 
                                pilot training slot in the 
                                Armed Forces;
                                    (IV) initiated pilot 
                                training in the Armed Forces; 
                                or
                                    (V) successfully completed 
                                pilot training in the Armed 
                                Forces.
                            (iii) The amount of financial 
                        assistance provided under the pilot 
                        program, broken out by covered 
                        institution, course of study, and such 
                        other measures as the Secretary 
                        considers appropriate.
                    (C) Data collected in accordance with the 
                evaluation metrics established under subsection 
                (e).
            (3) Final report.--Not later than 180 days prior to 
        the completion of the pilot programs, the Secretary 
        shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
        Senate and the House of Representatives a report on the 
        pilot programs. The report shall include the following:
                    (A) A description of the pilot programs.
                    (B) An assessment of the effectiveness of 
                each pilot program.
                    (C) A description of the cost of each pilot 
                program, and an estimate of the cost of making 
                each pilot program permanent.
                    (D) An estimate of the cost of expanding 
                each pilot program throughout all eligible 
                Senior Reserve Officers' Training Corps units 
                and College Student Pre-Commissioning 
                Initiative programs.
                    (E) Such recommendations for legislative or 
                administrative action as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate in light of the pilot 
                programs, including recommendations for 
                extending or making permanent the authority for 
                each pilot program.
    (g) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered institution'' has the 
        meaning given that term in section 262(g)(2) of the 
        National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 
        (Public Law 116-92).
            (2) The term ``covered military installation'' 
        means an installation of the Department of Defense for 
        the regular components of the Armed Forces.
            (3) The term ``flight training'' means a course of 
        instruction toward obtaining any of the following:
                    (A) A private pilot's certificate.
                    (B) A commercial pilot certificate.
                    (C) A certified flight instructor 
                certificate.
                    (D) A multi-crew pilot's license.
                    (E) A flight instrument rating.
                    (F) Any other certificate, rating, or pilot 
                privilege the Secretary considers appropriate 
                for purposes of this section.

SEC. 519A. REPORT REGARDING FULL-TIME NATIONAL GUARD DUTY IN RESPONSE 
                    TO THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than 90 days after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
regarding how it is determined whether to authorize full-time 
National Guard duty in response to the covered national 
emergency.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
the following:
            (1) The number of requests described in subsection 
        (a).
            (2) The number of such requests approved and the 
        number of requests denied.
            (3) For each such request--
                    (A) the time elapsed from receipt of 
                request to disposition of request; and
                    (B) whether costs (including pay and 
                benefits for members of the National Guard) 
                were a factor in determining whether to grant 
                or deny the request.
            (4) For each such request approved, an estimate of 
        the time between approval and the time when the first 
        such member of the National Guard was placed on full-
        time National Guard duty in response to such request.
            (5) For each such request denied, the reason for 
        denial and how such denial was explained to the 
        requestor.
            (6) A description of how the process of review for 
        such requests differed from previous requests for a 
        determination whether to authorize full-time National 
        Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, United 
        States Code.
            (7) Recommendations of the Secretary to improve the 
        review of such requests in order to better respond to 
        such requests.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``covered national emergency'' means 
        the national emergency declared on March 13, 2020, by 
        the President under the National Emergencies Act (50 
        U.S.C. 1601 et seq.) with respect to COVID-19.
            (2) The term ``full-time National Guard duty'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 101 of title 10, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 519B. STUDY AND REPORT ON NATIONAL GUARD SUPPORT TO STATES 
                    RESPONDING TO MAJOR DISASTERS.

    (a) Study Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct 
a study on the process by which the National Guard provides 
support to other Federal agencies and to States during major 
disasters. The report shall include the following:
            (1) With regards to authorization of full-time 
        National Guard duty under section 502(f) of title 32, 
        United States Code--
                    (A) a review of the process of such 
                authorization, including authorization 
                approval, funding approval, and mission 
                assignment;
                    (B) a review of data regarding the 
                frequency and speed of such authorizations 
                during fiscal years 2015 through 2020; and
                    (C) measures of performance or 
                effectiveness.
            (2) The effectiveness of the funding transfer 
        process between the Federal Emergency Management Agency 
        and the Department of Defense.
            (3) The development and promulgation of training 
        and education materials for the National Guard and 
        other components of the Department of Defense.
            (4) An analysis of lessons learned from the 
        response to COVID-19, including--
                    (A) policy gaps identified by the 
                Secretary; and
                    (B) any recommendations of the Secretary to 
                improve such process.
    (b) Report Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report that includes the 
findings of the study conducted under subsection (a).

SEC. 519C. REPORT ON GUIDANCE FOR USE OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS BY 
                    THE NATIONAL GUARD.

    (a) Review.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall--
            (1) review current guidance on the use of unmanned 
        aircraft systems by the National Guard for covered 
        activities within the United States; and
            (2) submit to the congressional defense committees 
        a report containing recommendations of the Secretary 
        regarding how to expedite the review of requests for 
        use of unmanned aircraft systems described in paragraph 
        (1).
    (b) Covered Activities Defined.--In this section, the term 
``covered activities'' means--
            (1) emergency operations;
            (2) search and rescue operations;
            (3) defense support to civil authorities; and
            (4) support under section 502(f) of title 32, 
        United States Code.

SEC. 519D. STUDY AND REPORT ON ROTC RECRUITMENT.

    (a) Study.--The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a study 
that assesses--
            (1) whether members of the Armed Forces who served 
        in the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps are more 
        or less likely than members who served in the Senior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps to achieve or receive 
        recommendations for higher ranks;
            (2) whether there is a correlation between race or 
        ethnicity and the rank ultimately achieved by such 
        members;
            (3) whether individuals who serve in the Junior 
        Reserve Officers' Training Corps are likelier to join 
        the Armed Forces than other individuals; and
            (4) the feasibility of establishing a program to 
        create a pathway for minorities into higher ranks in 
        the Armed Forces.
    (b) Report.--Not later than December 31, 2022, the 
Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and House of Representatives a report on 
the results of the study conducted under subsection (a).

  Subtitle C--General Service Authorities and Correction of Military 
                                Records

SEC. 521. INCREASED ACCESS TO POTENTIAL RECRUITS.

    (a) Secondary Schools.--Section 503 of title 10, United 
States Code, is amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)--
                    (A) in subparagraph (A)(ii), by striking 
                ``and telephone listings,'' and all that 
                follows through the period at the end and 
                inserting ``electronic mail addresses (which 
                shall be the electronic mail addresses provided 
                by the school, if available), and telephone 
                listings, notwithstanding subsection (a)(5) of 
                section 444 of the General Education Provisions 
                Act (20 U.S.C. 1232g).''; and
                    (B) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and 
                telephone listing'' and inserting ``electronic 
                mail address, and telephone listing''; and
            (2) by striking subsection (d).
    (b) Institutions of Higher Education.--Section 983(b)(2)(A) 
of such title is amended by striking ``and telephone listings'' 
and inserting ``electronic mail addresses (which shall be the 
electronic mail addresses provided by the institution, if 
available), and telephone listings''.

SEC. 522. SUNSET AND TRANSFER OF FUNCTIONS OF THE PHYSICAL DISABILITY 
                    BOARD OF REVIEW.

    Section 1554a of title 10, United States Code, is amended 
by adding at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(g) Sunset.--(1) On or after the date of the enactment of 
the William M. (Mac) Thornberry National Defense Authorization 
Act for Fiscal Year 2021, the Secretary of Defense may sunset 
the Physical Disability Board of Review under this section.
    ``(2) If the Secretary sunsets the Physical Disability 
Board of Review under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall 
transfer any remaining requests for review pending at that 
time, and shall assign any new requests for review under this 
section, to a board for the correction of military records 
operated by the Secretary concerned under section 1552 of this 
title..
    ``(3) Subsection (c)(4) shall not apply with respect to any 
review conducted by a board for the correction of military 
records under paragraph (2).''.

SEC. 523. HONORARY PROMOTION MATTERS.

    (a) Honorary Promotions on Initiative of Department of 
Defense.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United States Code, is 
amended by inserting after section 1563 the following new 
section:

``Sec. 1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department 
                    of Defense

    ``(a) In General.--(1) Under regulations prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense, the Secretary may make an honorary 
promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a former member or 
retired member of the armed forces to any grade not exceeding 
the grade of major general, rear admiral (upper half), or an 
equivalent grade in the Space Force if the Secretary determines 
that the promotion is merited.
    ``(2) The authority to make an honorary promotion under 
this subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion 
is not otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(b) Notice to Congress.--The Secretary may not make an 
honorary promotion pursuant to subsection (a) until 60 days 
after the date on which the Secretary submits to the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a notice of the determination to make the 
promotion, including a detailed discussion of the rationale 
supporting the determination.
    ``(c) Notice of Promotion.--Upon making an honorary 
promotion pursuant to subsection (a), the Secretary shall 
expeditiously notify the former member or retired member 
concerned, or the next of kin of such former member or retired 
member if such former member or retired member is deceased, of 
the promotion.
    ``(d) Nature of Promotion.--Any promotion pursuant to this 
section is honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired pay, 
or other benefits from the United States to which the former 
member or retired member concerned is entitled or would have 
been entitled based on the military service of such former 
member or retired member, nor affect any benefits to which any 
other person is or may become entitled based on the military 
service of such former member or retired member.''.
    (b) Modification of Authorities on Review of Proposals From 
Congress.--
            (1) Standardization of authorities with authorities 
        on initiative of department of defense.--Section 1563 
        of title 10, United States Code, is amended--
                    (A) in subsection (a)--
                            (i) in the first sentence, by 
                        striking ``the posthumous or honorary 
                        promotion or appointment of a member or 
                        former member of the armed forces, or 
                        any other person considered 
                        qualified,'' and inserting ``the 
                        honorary promotion (whether or not 
                        posthumous) of a former member or 
                        retired member of the armed forces''; 
                        and
                            (ii) in the second sentence, by 
                        striking ``the posthumous or honorary 
                        promotion or appointment'' and 
                        inserting ``the promotion''; and
                    (B) in subsection (b), by striking ``the 
                posthumous or honorary promotion or 
                appointment'' and inserting ``the honorary 
                promotion''.
            (2) Authority to make honorary promotions following 
        review of proposals.--Such section is further amended--
                    (A) by redesignating subsection (c) as 
                subsection (d); and
                    (B) by inserting after subsection (b) the 
                following new subsection (c):
    ``(c) Authority To Make.--(1) Under regulations prescribed 
by the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Defense may make 
an honorary promotion (whether or not posthumous) of a former 
member or retired member of the armed forces to any grade not 
exceeding the grade of major general, rear admiral (upper 
half), or an equivalent grade in the Space Force following the 
submittal of the determination of the Secretary concerned under 
subsection (b) in connection with the proposal for the 
promotion if the determination is to approve the making of the 
promotion.
    ``(2) The Secretary of Defense may not make an honorary 
promotion under this subsection until 60 days after the date on 
which the Secretary concerned submits the determination in 
connection with the proposal for the promotion under subsection 
(b), and the detailed rationale supporting the determination as 
described in that subsection, to the Committees on Armed 
Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives and the 
requesting Member in accordance with that subsection.
    ``(3) The authority to make an honorary promotion under 
this subsection shall apply notwithstanding that the promotion 
is not otherwise authorized by law.
    ``(4) Any promotion pursuant to this subsection is 
honorary, and shall not affect the pay, retired pay, or other 
benefits from the United States to which the former member or 
retired member concerned is or would have been entitled based 
upon the military service of such former member or retired 
member, nor affect any benefits to which any other person may 
become entitled based on the military service of such former 
member or retired member.''.
            (3) Heading amendment.--The heading of such section 
        is amended to read as follows:

``Sec. 1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for 
                    honorary promotions: procedures for review and 
                    promotion''.

    (c) Clerical Amendment.--The table of sections at the 
beginning of chapter 80 of such title is amended by striking 
the item relating to section 1563 and inserting the following 
new items:

``1563. Consideration of proposals from Members of Congress for honorary 
          promotions: procedures for review and promotion.
``1563a. Honorary promotions on the initiative of the Department of 
          Defense.''.

SEC. 524. EXCLUSION OF OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHS OF MEMBERS FROM RECORDS 
                    FURNISHED TO PROMOTION SELECTION BOARDS.

    (a) Active Duty Officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
include in the regulations prescribed pursuant to section 
615(a) of title 10, United States Code, a prohibition on the 
inclusion of an official photograph of an officer in the 
information furnished to a selection board pursuant to section 
615(b) of such title.
    (b) Reserve Officers.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
include in regulations prescribed pursuant to section 
14107(a)(1) of title 10, United States Code, a prohibition on 
the inclusion of an official photograph of an officer in the 
information furnished to a selection board pursuant to section 
14107(a)(2) of such title.
    (c) Enlisted Members.--Each Secretary of a military 
department shall prescribe regulations that prohibit the 
inclusion of an official photograph of an enlisted member in 
the information furnished to a board that considers enlisted 
members under the jurisdiction of such Secretary for promotion.
    (d) Report on Exclusion of Additional Information.--Not 
later than one year after the date of the enactment of this 
Act, the Secretary of Defense shall, in consultation with the 
Secretaries of the military departments, submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report setting forth the following:
            (1) A recommendation for the redaction or removal 
        from information furnished to selection boards convened 
        to consider officers or enlisted members for promotion 
        to the next higher grade of such information, if any, 
        relating to an officer or enlisted member, as 
        applicable, that is currently furnished to such a 
        selection board as the Secretary considers appropriate 
        for redaction or removal in order to eliminate 
        inappropriate bias in the promotion selection process.
            (2) An assessment of the anticipated effects on the 
        promotion process for officers or enlisted members, as 
        applicable, of the redaction or removal from 
        information furnished to selection boards of 
        information recommended for redaction or removal 
        pursuant to paragraph (1).
            (3) An implementation plan that describes and 
        assesses the manner in which the redaction or removal 
        of such information will be achieved, including a 
        description and assessment of the following:
                    (A) Any required changes to policies, 
                processes, or systems, including any 
                information technology required.
                    (B) The cost of implementing such changes.
                    (C) The estimated timeline for completion 
                of the implementation of such changes (which 
                may not be later than the day that is two years 
                after the date of the report).
                    (D) The duty title of the officer or 
                employee of the Department Defense to be 
                assigned responsibility for implementing such 
                changes.

SEC. 525. REPORT REGARDING REVIEWS OF DISCHARGES AND DISMISSALS BASED 
                    ON SEXUAL ORIENTATION.

    (a) Report Required.--Not later than September 30, 2021, 
the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the Committees on 
Armed Services of the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
report regarding the number of former members of the Armed 
Forces who--
            (1) were discharged or dismissed from the Armed 
        Forces;
            (2) on or after September 21, 2011, applied to the 
        Secretary of the military department concerned for an 
        upgrade in the characterization of such discharge or 
        dismissal; and
            (3) assert in such application that such discharge 
        or dismissal arose from a policy of the Department of 
        Defense regarding the sexual orientation of a member 
        before September 21, 2011.
    (b) Elements.--The report under this section shall include 
the following:
            (1) The number of applications described in 
        subsection (a) and the percentages of such applications 
        granted and denied, disaggregated by--
                    (A) Armed Force;
                    (B) grade;
                    (C) characterization of discharge or 
                dismissal originally received; and
                    (D) characterization of discharge or 
                dismissal received pursuant to an application 
                described in subsection (a)(2).
            (2) If the Secretary can determine the number 
        without reviewing applications described in subsection 
        (a) on a case-by-case basis, the number of such 
        applications--
                    (A) that were denied; and
                    (B) in which the discharge or dismissal was 
                based solely on misconduct of the discharged or 
                dismissed member.
    (c) Publication.--Not later than 90 days after the 
Secretary submits the report under this section, the Secretary 
shall publish the report on a publicly accessible website of 
the Department of Defense.

Subtitle D--Prevention and Response To Sexual Assault, Harassment, and 
                           Related Misconduct

SEC. 531. MODIFICATION OF TIME REQUIRED FOR EXPEDITED DECISIONS IN 
                    CONNECTION WITH APPLICATIONS FOR CHANGE OF STATION 
                    OR UNIT TRANSFER OF MEMBERS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF 
                    SEXUAL ASSAULT OR RELATED OFFENSES.

    (a) In General.--Section 673(b) of title 10, United States 
Code, is amended by striking ``72 hours'' both places it 
appears and inserting ``five calendar days''.
    (b) Effective Date.--The amendments made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act, and 
shall apply to decisions on applications for permanent change 
of station or unit transfer made under section 673 of title 10, 
United States Code, on or after that date.

SEC. 532. CONFIDENTIAL REPORTING OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT.

    (a) Confidential Reporting.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 80 of title 10, United 
        States Code, is amended by inserting after section 
        1561a the following new section:

``Sec. 1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment

    ``(a) Reporting Process.--Notwithstanding section 1561 of 
this title, the Secretary of Defense shall prescribe in 
regulations a process by which a member of an armed force under 
the jurisdiction of the Secretary of a military department may 
confidentially allege a complaint of sexual harassment to an 
individual outside the immediate chain of command of the 
member.
    ``(b) Receipt of Complaints.--An individual designated and 
trained to receive complaints under the process under 
subsection (a) shall--
            ``(1) maintain the confidentiality of the member 
        alleging the complaint;
            ``(2) explain to the member alleging the complaint 
        the different avenues of redress available to resolve 
        the complaint and the different consequences of each 
        avenue on the manner in which the complaint will be 
        investigated (if at all), including an explanation of 
        the following:
                    ``(A) The manner in which to file a 
                complaint concerning alleged sexual harassment 
                with the official or office designated for 
                receipt of such complaint through such avenue 
                of redress.
                    ``(B) That confidentiality in connection 
                with the complaint cannot be maintained when 
                there is a clear and present risk to health or 
                safety.
                    ``(C) If the alleged sexual harassment also 
                involves an allegation of sexual assault, 
                including sexual contact--
                            ``(i) the manner in which to file a 
                        confidential report with a Sexual 
                        Assault Response Coordinator or a 
                        Sexual Assault Prevention and Response 
                        Victim Advocate; and
                            ``(ii) options available pursuant 
                        to such reporting, including a 
                        Restricted Report or Unrestricted 
                        Report, and participation in the Catch 
                        a Serial Offender Program.
                    ``(D) The services and assistance available 
                to the member in connection with the complaint 
                and the alleged sexual harassment.
    ``(c) Education and Tracking.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall--
            ``(1) educate members under the jurisdiction of the 
        Secretaries of the military departments regarding the 
        process established under this section; and
            ``(2) track complaints alleged pursuant to the 
        process.
    ``(d) Reports.--Not later than April 30, 2023, and April 30 
every two years thereafter, the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report containing data on the 
complaints of sexual harassment alleged pursuant to the process 
under subsection (a) during the previous two calendar years. 
Any data on such complaints shall not contain any personally 
identifiable information.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 80 of such title is amended by 
        inserting after the item relating to section 1561b the 
        following new item:

``1561b. Confidential reporting of sexual harassment.''.

    (b) Plan for Implementation.--The Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report setting forth a plan 
for the implementation of the process for confidential 
reporting of sexual harassment required by section 1561b of 
title 10, United States Code (as added by subsection (a)). The 
plan shall include the date on which the process is anticipated 
to be fully implemented.
    (c) Plan for Access to Confidential Reports To Identify 
Serial Harassers.--Not later than one year after the 
implementation of the process for confidential reporting of 
sexual harassment required by section 1561b of title 10, United 
States Code (as so added), the Secretary of Defense shall 
submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and 
the House of Representatives a report setting forth a plan to 
allow an individual who files a confidential report of sexual 
harassment pursuant to the process to elect to permit a 
military criminal investigative organization to access certain 
information in the confidential report, including identifying 
information of the alleged perpetrator (if available), for the 
purpose of identifying individuals who are suspected of 
multiple incidents of sexual harassments, without such access 
affecting the confidential nature of the confidential report. 
The report shall specify the information to be accessible by 
criminal investigative organizations pursuant to the plan.

SEC. 533. ADDITIONAL BASES FOR PROVISION OF ADVICE BY THE DEFENSE 
                    ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL 
                    MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note) is amended in subsection (c)(2)--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraph (C) as 
        subparagraph (E); and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the 
        following new subparagraphs:
                    ``(C) Efforts among private employers to 
                prevent sexual assault and sexual harassment 
                among their employees.
                    ``(D) Evidence-based studies on the 
                prevention of sexual assault and sexual 
                harassment in the Armed Forces, institutions of 
                higher education, and the private sector.''.

SEC. 534. ADDITIONAL MATTERS FOR 2021 REPORT OF THE DEFENSE ADVISORY 
                    COMMITTEE FOR THE PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note), as amended by section 533 of this Act, is further 
amended by adding at the end of subsection (d) the following: 
``The report in 2021 shall also include the following:
            ``(1) A description and assessment of the extent 
        and effectiveness of the inclusion by the Armed Forces 
        of sexual assault prevention and response training in 
        leader professional military education (PME), 
        especially in such education for personnel in junior 
        noncommissioned officer grades.
            ``(2) An assessment of the feasibility of--
                    ``(A) the screening before entry into 
                military service of recruits who may have been 
                the subject or perpetrator of prior incidents 
                of sexual assault and harassment, including 
                through background checks; and
                    ``(B) the administration of screening tests 
                to recruits to assess recruit views and beliefs 
                on equal opportunity, and whether such views 
                and beliefs are compatible with military 
                service.
            ``(3) An assessment of the feasibility of 
        conducting exit interviews of members of the Armed 
        Forces upon their discharge release from the Armed 
        Forces in order to determine whether they experienced 
        or witnessed sexual assault or harassment during 
        military service and did not report it, and an 
        assessment of the feasibility of combining such exit 
        interviews with the Catch a Serial Offender (CATCH) 
        Program of the Department of Defense.
            ``(4) An assessment whether the sexual assault 
        reporting databases of the Department are sufficiently 
        anonymized to ensure privacy while still providing 
        military leaders with the information as follows:
                    ``(A) The approximate length of time the 
                victim and the assailant had been at the duty 
                station at which the sexual assault occurred.
                    ``(B) The percentage of sexual assaults 
                occurring while the victim or assailant were on 
                temporary duty, leave, or otherwise away from 
                their permanent duty station.
                    ``(C) The number of sexual assaults that 
                involve an abuse of power by a commander or 
                supervisor.''.

SEC. 535. INCLUSION OF ADVISORY DUTIES ON THE COAST GUARD ACADEMY AMONG 
                    DUTIES OF DEFENSE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR THE 
                    PREVENTION OF SEXUAL MISCONDUCT.

    Section 550B of the National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1380; 10 U.S.C. 
1561 note), as amended by sections 533 and 534 of this Act, is 
further amended--
            (1) in subsection (c)(1)(B), by inserting ``, 
        including the United States Coast Guard Academy,'' 
        after ``academy'';
            (2) by redesignating subsections (d), (e), and (f) 
        as subsections (e), (f), and (g), respectively;
            (3) by inserting after subsection (c) the following 
        new subsection (d):
    ``(d) Advisory Duties on Coast Guard Academy.--In providing 
advice under subsection (c)(1)(B), the Advisory Committee shall 
also advise the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast 
Guard is operating in accordance with this section on policies, 
programs, and practices of the United States Coast Guard 
Academy.''; and
            (4) in subsection (e) and paragraph (2) of 
        subsection (g), as redesignated by paragraph (2) of 
        this section, by striking ``the Committees on Armed 
        Services of the Senate and the House of 
        Representatives'' each place it appears and inserting 
        ``the Committees on Armed Services and Commerce, 
        Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the 
        Committees on Armed Services and Transportation and 
        Infrastructure of the House of Representatives''.

SEC. 536. MODIFICATION OF REPORTING AND DATA COLLECTION ON VICTIMS OF 
                    SEXUAL OFFENSES.

    Section 547 of the John S. McCain National Defense 
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019 (Public Law 115-232; 10 
U.S.C. 1561 note) is amended--
            (1) in subsection (a)--
                    (A) in paragraph (1)--
                            (i) by striking ``accused of'' and 
                        inserting ``suspected of''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``assault'' and 
                        inserting ``offense'';
                    (B) in paragraph (2), by striking ``accused 
                of'' and inserting ``suspected of''; and
                    (C) in paragraph (3)--
                            (i) by striking ``assaults'' and 
                        inserting ``offenses''; and
                            (ii) by striking ``an accusation'' 
                        and inserting ``suspicion of'';
            (2) by redesignating subsection (b) as subsection 
        (c);
            (3) by inserting after subsection (a) the following 
        new subsection (b):
    ``(b) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
issue guidance to ensure the uniformity of the data collected 
by each Armed Force for purposes of subsection (a). At a 
minimum, such guidance shall establish--
            ``(1) standardized methods for the collection of 
        the data required to be reported under such subsection; 
        and
            ``(2) standardized definitions for the terms 
        `sexual offense', `collateral miconduct', and `adverse 
        action'.''; and
            (4) by amending subsection (c), as redesignated by 
        paragraph (2), to read as follows:
    ``(c) Definitions.--In this section:
            ``(1) The term `covered individual' means an 
        individual who is identified in the case files of a 
        military criminal investigative organization as a 
        victim of a sexual offense that occurred while that 
        individual was serving on active duty as a member of 
        the Armed Forces.
            ``(2) The term `suspected of', when used with 
        respect to a covered individual suspected of collateral 
        misconduct or crimes as described in subsection (a), 
        means that an investigation by a military criminal 
        investigative organization reveals facts and 
        circumstances that would lead a reasonable person to 
        believe that the individual committed an offense under 
        chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform 
        Code of Military Justice).''.

SEC. 537. MODIFICATION OF ANNUAL REPORT REGARDING SEXUAL ASSAULTS 
                    INVOLVING MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Additional Recipients.--Subsection (d) of section 1631 
of the Ike Skelton National Defense Authorization Act for 
Fiscal Year 2011 (Public Law 111-383; 10 U.S.C. 1561 note) is 
amended by inserting ``and the Committees on Veterans' Affairs 
of the Senate and the House of Representatives'' after ``House 
of Representatives''.
    (b) Applicability.--The amendment made by subsection (a) 
shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and 
shall apply to reports required to be submitted under such 
section on or after such date.

SEC. 538. COORDINATION OF SUPPORT FOR SURVIVORS OF SEXUAL TRAUMA.

    (a) In General.--Not later than one year after the date of 
the enactment of this Act, the Secretaries of Defense and 
Veterans Affairs shall jointly develop, implement, and maintain 
a standard of coordinated care for members of the Armed Forces 
who are survivors of sexual trauma. Such standard shall include 
the following:
    (b) Minimum Elements.--The standard developed and 
implemented under subsection (a) by the Secretaries of Defense 
and Veterans Affairs shall include the following:
            (1) Information for members of the armed forces.--
        The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that--
                    (A) Sexual Assault Response Coordinators 
                and Uniformed Victim Advocates receive annual 
                training on resources of the Department of 
                Veterans Affairs regarding sexual trauma;
                    (B) information regarding services 
                furnished by the Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
                to survivors of sexual trauma is provided to 
                each such survivor; and
                    (C) information described in subparagraph 
                (B) is posted in the following areas in each 
                facility of the Department of Defense:
                            (i) An office of the Family 
                        Advocacy Program.
                            (ii) An office of a mental health 
                        care provider.
                            (iii) Each area in which sexual 
                        assault prevention staff normally post 
                        notices or information.
                            (iv) High-traffic areas (including 
                        dining facilities).
            (2) Coordination between staff of the 
        departments.--The Secretaries shall ensure that a 
        Sexual Assault Response Coordinator or Uniformed Victim 
        Advocate of the Department of Defense who receives a 
        report of an instance of sexual trauma connects the 
        survivor to the Military Sexual Trauma Coordinator of 
        the Department of Veterans Affairs at the facility of 
        that Department nearest to the residence of that 
        survivor if that survivor is a member separating or 
        retiring from the Armed Forces.
    (c) Reports.--
            (1) Report on residential treatment.--Not later 
        than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this 
        Act, the Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs 
        shall provide a report to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress regarding the availability of residential 
        treatment programs for survivors of sexual trauma, 
        including--
                    (A) barriers to access for such programs; 
                and
                    (B) resources required to reduce such 
                barriers.
            (2) Initial report.--Upon implementation of the 
        standard under subsection (a), the Secretaries of 
        Defense and Veterans Affairs shall jointly submit to 
        the appropriate committees of Congress a report on the 
        standard.
            (3) Progress reports.--Not later than 180 days 
        after submitting the initial report under paragraph 
        (2), and on December 1 of each subsequent year, the 
        Secretaries of Defense and Veterans Affairs shall 
        jointly submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress a report on the progress of the Secretaries in 
        implementing and improving the standard.
            (4) Updates.--Whenever the Secretaries of Defense 
        and Veterans Affairs update the standard developed 
        under subsection (a), the Secretaries shall jointly 
        submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a 
        report on such update, including a comprehensive and 
        detailed description of such update and the reasons for 
        such update.
    (d) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``sexual trauma'' means a condition 
        described in section 1720D(a)(1) of title 38, United 
        States Code.
            (2) The term ``appropriate committees of Congress'' 
        means--
                    (A) the Committees on Veterans' Affairs of 
                the House of Representatives and the Senate; 
                and
                    (B) the Committees on Armed Services of the 
                House of Representatives and the Senate.

SEC. 539. POLICY FOR MILITARY SERVICE ACADEMIES ON SEPARATION OF 
                    ALLEGED VICTIMS AND ALLEGED PERPETRATORS IN 
                    INCIDENTS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments 
and the Superintendent of each military service academy, 
prescribe in regulations a policy under which a cadet or 
midshipman of a military service academy who is the alleged 
victim of a sexual assault and a cadet or midshipman who is the 
alleged perpetrator of such assault shall, to the extent 
practicable, each be given the opportunity to complete their 
course of study at the academy without--
            (1) taking classes together; or
            (2) otherwise being in close proximity to each 
        other during mandatory activities.
    (b) Elements.--The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that 
the policy developed under subsection (a)--
            (1) permits an alleged victim to elect not to be 
        covered by the policy with respect to a particular 
        incident of sexual assault;
            (2) protects the alleged victim as necessary, 
        including by prohibiting retaliatory harassment;
            (3) minimizes the prejudicial impact of the policy, 
        to the extent practicable, on both the alleged victim 
        and the alleged perpetrator, and allows the alleged 
        victim and the alleged perpetrator to complete their 
        course of study at the institution with minimal 
        disruption;
            (4) protects the privacy of both the alleged victim 
        and the alleged perpetrator by ensuring that 
        information about the alleged sexual assault and the 
        individuals involved is not revealed to third parties 
        who are not specifically authorized to receive such 
        information in the course of performing their regular 
        duties, except that such policy shall not preclude the 
        alleged victim or the alleged perpetrator from making 
        such disclosures to third parties; and
            (5) minimizes the burden on the alleged victim when 
        taking steps to separate the alleged victim and alleged 
        perpetrator.
    (c) Special Rule.--The policy developed under subsection 
(a) shall not preclude a military service academy from taking 
other administrative or disciplinary action when appropriate.
    (d) Military Service Academy Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``military service academy'' means the following:
            (1) The United States Military Academy.
            (2) The United States Naval Academy.
            (3) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (4) The United States Coast Guard Academy.

SEC. 539A. SAFE-TO-REPORT POLICY APPLICABLE ACROSS THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) In General.--The Secretary of Defense shall, in 
consultation with the Secretaries of the military departments, 
prescribe in regulations a safe-to-report policy described in 
subsection (b) that applies with respect to all members of the 
Armed Forces (including members of the reserve components of 
the Armed Forces) and cadets and midshipmen at the military 
service academies.
    (b) Safe-to-report Policy.--The safe-to-report policy 
described in this subsection is a policy that prescribes the 
handling of minor collateral misconduct involving a member of 
the Armed Forces who is the alleged victim of sexual assault.
    (c) Aggravating Circumstances.--The regulations under 
subsection (a) shall specify aggravating circumstances that 
increase the gravity of minor collateral misconduct or its 
impact on good order and discipline for purposes of the safe-
to-report policy.
    (d) Tracking of Collateral Misconduct Incidents.--In 
conjunction with the issuance of regulations under subsection 
(a), Secretary shall develop and implement a process to track 
incidents of minor collateral misconduct that are subject to 
the safe-to-report policy.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``Armed Forces'' has the meaning given 
        that term in section 101(a)(4) of title 10, United 
        States Code, except such term does not include the 
        Coast Guard.
            (2) The term ``military service academy'' means the 
        following:
                    (A) The United States Military Academy.
                    (B) The United States Naval Academy.
                    (C) The United States Air Force Academy.
            (3) The term ``minor collateral misconduct'' means 
        any minor misconduct that is potentially punishable 
        under chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the 
        Uniform Code of Military Justice), that--
                    (A) is committed close in time to or during 
                the sexual assault, and directly related to the 
                incident that formed the basis of the sexual 
                assault allegation;
                    (B) is discovered as a direct result of the 
                report of sexual assault or the ensuing 
                investigation into the sexual assault; and
                    (C) does not involve aggravating 
                circumstances (as specified in the regulations 
                prescribed under subsection (c)) that increase 
                the gravity of the minor misconduct or its 
                impact on good order and discipline.

SEC. 539B. ACCOUNTABILITY OF LEADERSHIP OF THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE 
                    FOR DISCHARGING THE SEXUAL HARASSMENT POLICIES AND 
                    PROGRAMS OF THE DEPARTMENT.

    (a) Strategy on Holding Leadership Accountable Required.--
The Secretary of Defense shall develop and implement Department 
of Defense-wide a strategy to hold individuals in positions of 
leadership in the Department (including members of the Armed 
Forces and civilians) accountable for the promotion, support, 
and enforcement of the policies and programs of the Department 
on sexual harassment.
    (b) Oversight Framework.--
            (1) In general.--The strategy required by 
        subsection (a) shall provide for an oversight framework 
        for the efforts of the Department of Defense to 
        promote, support, and enforce the policies and programs 
        of the Department on sexual harassment.
            (2) Elements.--The oversight framework required by 
        paragraph (1) shall include the following:
                    (A) Long-term goals, objectives, and 
                milestones in connection with the policies and 
                programs of the Department on sexual 
                harassment.
                    (B) Strategies to achieve the goals, 
                objectives, and milestones referred to in 
                subparagraph (A).
                    (C) Criteria for assessing progress toward 
                the achievement of the goals, objectives, and 
                milestones referred to in subparagraph (A).
                    (D) Criteria for assessing the 
                effectiveness of the policies and programs of 
                the Department on sexual harassment.
                    (E) Mechanisms to ensure that adequate 
                resources are available to the Office of the 
                Secretary of Defense to develop and discharge 
                the oversight framework.
    (c) Report.--Not later than one year after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to 
the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the actions taken to carry out this 
section, including the strategy developed and implemented 
pursuant to subsection (a), and the oversight framework 
developed and implemented pursuant to subsection (b).

SEC. 539C. REPORTS ON STATUS OF INVESTIGATIONS OF ALLEGED SEX-RELATED 
                    OFFENSES.

    (a) Reports Required.--Not later than 1 year after the date 
of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter through 
December 31, 2025, the Secretary of each military department 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the status of investigations into alleged sex-related 
offenses.
    (b) Elements.--Each report under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to investigations into alleged sex-
related offenses carried out by military criminal investigative 
organizations under the jurisdiction of the Secretary concerned 
during the preceding year, the following:
            (1) The total number of investigations.
            (2) For each investigation--
                    (A) the date the investigation was 
                initiated; and
                    (B) an explanation of whether the 
                investigation is in-progress or complete as of 
                the date of the report and, if complete, the 
                date on which the investigation was completed.
            (3) The total number of investigations that are 
        complete as of the date of the report.
            (4) The total number of investigations that are in-
        progress as of the date of the report.
            (5) For investigations lasting longer than 180 
        days, a general explanation of the primary reasons for 
        the extended duration of such investigations.
    (c) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) The term ``alleged sex-related offense'' has 
        the meaning given that term in section 1044(e)(h) of 
        title 10, United States Code.
            (2) The term ``complete'' when used with respect to 
        an investigation of an alleged sex-related offense, 
        means the active phase of the investigation is 
        sufficiently complete to enable the appropriate 
        authority to reach a decision with respect to the 
        disposition of charges for the offense.

SEC. 539D. REPORT ON ABILITY OF SEXUAL ASSAULT RESPONSE COORDINATORS 
                    AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PREVENTION AND RESPONSE VICTIM 
                    ADVOCATES TO PERFORM DUTIES.

    (a) Survey.--
            (1) In general.--Not later than June 30, 2021, the 
        Secretary of Defense shall conduct a survey regarding 
        the ability of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
        Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim Advocates 
        to perform their duties.
            (2) Elements.--The survey required under paragraph 
        (1) shall assess--
                    (A) the current state of support provided 
                to Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
                Advocates, including--
                            (i) perceived professional or other 
                        reprisal or retaliation; and
                            (ii) access to sufficient physical 
                        and mental health services as a result 
                        of the nature of their work;
                    (B) the ability of Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
                Response Victim Advocates to contact and access 
                their installation commander or unit commander;
                    (C) the ability of Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators and Sexual Assault Prevention and 
                Response Victim Advocates to contact and access 
                the immediate commander of victims and alleged 
                offenders;
                    (D) the responsiveness and receptiveness of 
                commanders to the Sexual Assault Response 
                Coordinators;
                    (E) the support and services provided to 
                victims of sexual assault;
                    (F) the understanding of others of the 
                process and their willingness to assist;
                    (G) the adequacy of the training received 
                by Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
                Advocates to effectively perform their duties; 
                and
                    (H) any other factors affecting the ability 
                of Sexual Assault Response Coordinators and 
                Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Victim 
                Advocates to perform their duties.
    (b) Report.--Upon completion of the survey required under 
subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall submit to the 
Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives a report on the results of the survey and any 
actions to be taken as a result of the survey.

SEC. 539E. BRIEFING ON SPECIAL VICTIMS' COUNSEL PROGRAM.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General 
of the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, and the Coast Guard and 
the Staff Judge Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps 
shall each provide to the congressional defense committees a 
briefing on the status of the Special Victims' Counsel program 
of the Armed Force concerned.
    (b) Elements.--Each briefing under subsection (a) shall 
include, with respect to the Special Victims' Counsel program 
of the Armed Force concerned, the following:
            (1) An assessment of whether the Armed Force is in 
        compliance with the provisions of the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public Law 116-
        92) relating to the Special Victims' Counsel program 
        and, if not, what steps have been taken to achieve 
        compliance with such provisions.
            (2) An estimate of the average caseload of each 
        Special Victims' Counsel.
            (3) A description of any staffing shortfalls in the 
        Special Victims' Counsel program or other programs of 
        the Armed Force resulting from the additional 
        responsibilities required of the Special Victims' 
        Counsel program under the National Defense 
        Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020.
            (4) An explanation of the ability of Special 
        Victims' Counsel to adhere to requirement that a 
        counsel respond to a request for services within 72 
        hours of receiving such request.
            (5) An assessment of the feasibility of providing 
        cross-service Special Victims' Counsel representation 
        in instances where a Special Victims' Counsel from a 
        different Armed Force is co-located with a victim at a 
        remote base.

SEC. 539F. BRIEFING ON PLACEMENT OF MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES IN 
                    ACADEMIC STATUS WHO ARE VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT 
                    ONTO NON-RATED PERIODS.

    Not later than 270 days after the date of the enactment of 
this Act, the Secretary of Defense shall brief the Committees 
on Armed Services of the Senate and the House of 
Representatives on the feasibility and advisability, and 
current practice (if any) of the Department of Defense, of 
granting requests by members of the Armed Forces who are in 
academic status (whether at the military service academies or 
in developmental education programs) and who are victims of 
sexual assault to be placed on a Non-Rated Period for their 
performance report.

          Subtitle E--Military Justice and Other Legal Matters

SEC. 541. RIGHT TO NOTICE OF VICTIMS OF OFFENSES UNDER THE UNIFORM CODE 
                    OF MILITARY JUSTICE REGARDING CERTAIN POST-TRIAL 
                    MOTIONS, FILINGS, AND HEARINGS.

    Section 806b(a)(2) of title 10, United States Code (article 
6b(a)(2)) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is 
amended--
            (1) by redesignating subparagraphs (D) and (E) as 
        subparagraphs (E) and (F), respectively; and
            (2) by inserting after subparagraph (C) the 
        following new subparagraph (D):
                    ``(D) A post-trial motion, filing, or 
                hearing that may address the finding or 
                sentence of a court-martial with respect to the 
                accused, unseal privileged or private 
                information of the victim, or result in the 
                release of the accused.''.

SEC. 542. QUALIFICATIONS OF JUDGES AND STANDARD OF REVIEW FOR COURTS OF 
                    CRIMINAL APPEALS.

    (a) Qualifications of Certain Judges.--Section 866(a) of 
title 10, United States Code (article 66(a) of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) by striking ``Each Judge'' and inserting:
            ``(1) In general.--Each Judge''; and
            (2) by adding at the end the following new 
        paragraph:
            ``(2) Additional qualifications.--In addition to 
        any other qualifications specified in paragraph (1), 
        any commissioned officer or civilian assigned as an 
        appellate military judge to a Court of Criminal Appeals 
        shall have not fewer than 12 years of experience in the 
        practice of law before such assignment.''.
    (b) Standard of Review.--Paragraph (1) of section 866(d) of 
title 10, United States Code (article 66(d) of the Uniform Code 
of Military Justice), is amended to read as follows:
            ``(1) Cases appealed by accused.--
                    ``(A) In general.--In any case before the 
                Court of Criminal Appeals under subsection (b), 
                the Court may act only with respect to the 
                findings and sentence as entered into the 
                record under section 860c of this title 
                (article 60c). The Court may affirm only such 
                findings of guilty as the Court finds correct 
                in law, and in fact in accordance with 
                subparagraph (B). The Court may affirm only the 
                sentence, or such part or amount of the 
                sentence, as the Court finds correct in law and 
                fact and determines, on the basis of the entire 
                record, should be approved.
                    ``(B) Factual sufficiency review.--(i) In 
                an appeal of a finding of guilty under 
                subsection (b), the Court may consider whether 
                the finding is correct in fact upon request of 
                the accused if the accused makes a specific 
                showing of a deficiency in proof.
                    ``(ii) After an accused has made such a 
                showing, the Court may weigh the evidence and 
                determine controverted questions of fact 
                subject to--
                            ``(I) appropriate deference to the 
                        fact that the trial court saw and heard 
                        the witnesses and other evidence; and
                            ``(II) appropriate deference to 
                        findings of fact entered into the 
                        record by the military judge.
                    ``(iii) If, as a result of the review 
                conducted under clause (ii), the Court is 
                clearly convinced that the finding of guilty 
                was against the weight of the evidence, the 
                Court may dismiss, set aside, or modify the 
                finding, or affirm a lesser finding.''.
    (c) Review by United States Court of Appeals for the Armed 
Forces of Factual Sufficiency Rulings.--Section 867(c)(1) of 
title 10, United States Code (article 67(c)(1) of the Uniform 
Code of Military Justice), is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (A), by striking ``or'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (B), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; or''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
            ``(C) the findings set forth in the entry of 
        judgment, as affirmed, dismissed, set aside, or modfied 
        by the Court of Criminal Appeals as incorrect in fact 
        under section 866(d)(1)(B) of this title (article 
        66(d)(1)(B)).''.
    (d) Inclusion of Additional Information in Annual 
Reports.--Section 946a(b)(2) of title 10, United States Code 
(article 146a(b)(2) of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), 
is amended--
            (1) in subparagraph (B), by striking ``and'' at the 
        end;
            (2) in subparagraph (C), by striking the period at 
        the end and inserting ``; and''; and
            (3) by adding at the end the following new 
        subparagraph:
                    ``(D) an analysis of each case in which a 
                Court of Criminal Appeals made a final 
                determination that a finding of a court-martial 
                was clearly against the weight of the evidence, 
                including an explanation of the standard of 
                appellate review applied in such case.''.
    (e) Effective Dates and Applicability.--
            (1) Qualifications of certain judges.--The 
        amendments made by subsection (a) shall take effect on 
        the date of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply 
        with respect to the assignment of appellate military 
        judges on or after that date.
            (2) Review amendments.--The amendments made by 
        subsections (b) and (c) shall take effect on the date 
        of the enactment of this Act, and shall apply with 
        respect to any case in which every finding of guilty 
        entered into the record under section 860c of title 10, 
        United States Code (article 60c of the Uniform Code of 
        Military Justice), is for an offense that occurred on 
        or after that date.

SEC. 543. PRESERVATION OF COURT-MARTIAL RECORDS.

    Section 940a of title 10, United States Code (article 140a 
of the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is amended by adding 
at the end the following new subsection:
    ``(d) Preservation of Court-Martial Records Without Regard 
to Outcome.--The standards and criteria prescribed by the 
Secretary of Defense under subsection (a) shall provide for the 
preservation of general and special court-martial records, 
without regard to the outcome of the proceeding concerned, for 
not fewer than 15 years.''.

SEC. 544. AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS FOR NATIONAL INSTANT CRIMINAL 
                    BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM.

    Section 101(b) of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 
2007 (34 U.S.C. 40911(b)) is amended--
            (1) by redesignating paragraph (2) as paragraph 
        (3); and
            (2) by inserting after paragraph (1) the following 
        new paragraph (2):
            ``(2) Department of defense.--
                    ``(A) In general.--Not later than 3 
                business days after the final disposition of a 
                judicial proceeding conducted within the 
                Department of Defense, the Secretary of Defense 
                shall make available to the Attorney General 
                records which are relevant to a determination 
                of whether a member of the Armed Forces 
                involved in such proceeding is disqualified 
                from possessing or receiving a firearm under 
                subsection (g) or (n) of section 922 of title 
                18, United States Code, for use in background 
                checks performed by the National Instant 
                Criminal Background Check System.
                    ``(B) Judicial proceeding defined.--In this 
                paragraph, the term `judicial proceeding' means 
                a hearing--
                            ``(i) of which the person received 
                        actual notice; and
                            ``(ii) at which the person had an 
                        opportunity to participate with 
                        counsel.''.

SEC. 545. REMOVAL OF PERSONALLY IDENTIFYING AND OTHER INFORMATION OF 
                    CERTAIN PERSONS FROM INVESTIGATIVE REPORTS, THE 
                    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE CENTRAL INDEX OF 
                    INVESTIGATIONS, AND OTHER RECORDS AND DATABASES.

    (a) Policy and Process Required.--Not later than October 1, 
2021, the Secretary of Defense shall establish and maintain a 
policy and process through which any covered person may request 
that the person's name, personally identifying information, and 
other information pertaining to the person shall, in accordance 
with subsection (c), be corrected in, or expunged or otherwise 
removed from, the following:
            (1) A law enforcement or criminal investigative 
        report of the Department of Defense or any component of 
        the Department.
            (2) An index item or entry in the Department of 
        Defense Central Index of Investigations (DCII).
            (3) Any other record maintained in connection with 
        a report described in paragraph (1), or an index item 
        or entry described in paragraph (2), in any system of 
        records, records database, records center, or 
        repository maintained by or on behalf of the 
        Department.
    (b) Covered Persons.--For purposes of this section, a 
covered person is any person whose name was placed or reported, 
or is maintained--
            (1) in the subject or title block of a law 
        enforcement or criminal investigative report of the 
        Department of Defense (or any component of the 
        Department);
            (2) as an item or entry in the Department of 
        Defense Central Index of Investigations; or
            (3) in any other record maintained in connection 
        with a report described in paragraph (1), or an index 
        item or entry described in paragraph (2), in any system 
        of records, records database, records center, or 
        repository maintained by or on behalf of the 
        Department.
    (c) Elements.--The policy and process required by 
subsection (a) shall include the following elements:
            (1) Basis for correction or expungement.--That the 
        name, personally identifying information, and other 
        information of a covered person shall be corrected in, 
        or expunged or otherwise removed from, a report, item 
        or entry, or record described in paragraphs (1) through 
        (3) of subsection (a) in the following circumstances:
                    (A) Probable cause did not or does not 
                exist to believe that the offense for which the 
                person's name was placed or reported, or is 
                maintained, in such report, item or entry, or 
                record occurred, or insufficient evidence 
                existed or exists to determine whether or not 
                such offense occurred.
                    (B) Probable cause did not or does not 
                exist to believe that the person actually 
                committed the offense for which the person's 
                name was so placed or reported, or is so 
                maintained, or insufficient evidence existed or 
                exists to determine whether or not the person 
                actually committed such offense.
                    (C) Such other circumstances, or on such 
                other bases, as the Secretary may specify in 
                establishing the policy and process, which 
                circumstances and bases may not be inconsistent 
                with the circumstances and bases provided by 
                subparagraphs (A) and (B).
            (2) Considerations.--While not dispositive as to 
        the existence of a circumstance or basis set forth in 
        paragraph (1), the following shall be considered in the 
        determination whether such circumstance or basis 
        applies to a covered person for purposes of this 
        section:
                    (A) The extent or lack of corroborating 
                evidence against the covered person concerned 
                with respect to the offense at issue.
                    (B) Whether adverse administrative, 
                disciplinary, judicial, or other such action 
                was initiated against the covered person for 
                the offense at issue.
                    (C) The type, nature, and outcome of any 
                action described in subparagraph (B) against 
                the covered person.
            (3) Procedures.--The policy and process required by 
        subsection (a) shall include procedures as follows:
                    (A) Procedures under which a covered person 
                may appeal a determination of the applicable 
                component of the Department of Defense denying, 
                whether in whole or in part, a request for 
                purposes of subsection (a).
                    (B) Procedures under which the applicable 
                component of the Department will correct, 
                expunge or remove, take other appropriate 
                action on, or assist a covered person in so 
                doing, any record maintained by a person, 
                organization, or entity outside of the 
                Department to which such component provided, 
                submitted, or transmitted information about the 
                covered person, which information has or will 
                be corrected in, or expunged or removed from, 
                Department records pursuant to this section.
                    (C) The timeline pursuant to which the 
                Department, or a component of the Department, 
                as applicable, will respond to each of the 
                following:
                            (i) A request pursuant to 
                        subsection (a).
                            (ii) An appeal under the procedures 
                        required by subparagraph (A).
                            (iii) A request for assistance 
                        under the procedures required by 
                        subparagraph (B).
                    (D) Mechanisms through which the Department 
                will keep a covered person apprised of the 
                progress of the Department on a covered 
                person's request or appeal as described in 
                subparagraph (C).
    (d) Applicability.--The policy and process required to be 
developed by the Secretary under subsection (a) shall not be 
subject to the notice and comment rulemaking requirements under 
section 553 of title 5, United States Code.
    (e) Report.--Not later than October 1, 2021, the Secretary 
shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives a report on the actions taken 
to carry out this section, including a comprehensive 
description of the policy and process developed and implemented 
by the Secretary under subsection (a).

SEC. 546. BRIEFING ON MENTAL HEALTH SUPPORT FOR VICARIOUS TRAUMA FOR 
                    CERTAIN PERSONNEL IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) Briefing Required.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Judge Advocates General 
of the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force and the Staff Judge 
Advocate to the Commandant of the Marine Corps shall jointly 
brief the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate and the 
House of Representatives on the mental health support for 
vicarious trauma provided to personnel in the military justice 
system specified in subsection (b).
    (b) Personnel.--The personnel specified in this subsection 
are the following:
            (1) Court-martial convening authorities who are 
        members of the Armed Forces.
            (2) Trial counsel.
            (3) Defense counsel.
            (4) Military judges.
            (5) Special Victims' Counsel.
            (6) Military investigative personnel.
    (c) Elements.--The briefing required by subsection (a) 
shall include the following:
            (1) A description and assessment of the mental 
        health support for vicarious trauma provided to 
        personnel in the military justice system specified in 
        subsection (b), including a description of the support 
        services available and the support services being used.
            (2) A description and assessment of mechanisms to 
        eliminate or reduce stigma in the pursuit by such 
        personnel of such mental health support.
            (3) An assessment of the feasibility and 
        advisability of providing such personnel with breaks 
        between assignments or cases as part of such mental 
        health support in order to reduce the effects of 
        vicarious trauma.
            (4) A description and assessment of the extent, if 
        any, to which duty of such personnel on particular 
        types of cases, or in particular caseloads, contributes 
        to vicarious trauma, and of the extent, if any, to 
        which duty on such cases or caseloads has an effect on 
        retention of such personnel in the Armed Forces.
            (5) A description of the extent, if any, to which 
        such personnel are screened or otherwise assessed for 
        vicarious trauma before discharge or release from the 
        Armed Forces.
            (6) Such other matters in connection with the 
        provision of mental health support for vicarious trauma 
        to such personnel as the Judge Advocates General and 
        the Staff Judge Advocate jointly consider appropriate.

SEC. 547. COMPTROLLER GENERAL OF THE UNITED STATES REPORT ON 
                    IMPLEMENTATION BY THE ARMED FORCES OF RECENT GAO 
                    RECOMMENDATIONS AND STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS ON 
                    ASSESSMENT OF RACIAL, ETHNIC, AND GENDER 
                    DISPARITIES IN THE MILITARY JUSTICE SYSTEM.

    (a) Report Required.--The Comptroller General of the United 
States shall submit to the Committees on Armed Services of the 
Senate and the House of Representatives a report, in writing, 
on a study, conducted by the Comptroller General for purposes 
of the report, on the implementation by the Armed Forces of the 
following:
            (1) The recommendations in the May 2019 report of 
        the General Accountability Office entitled ``Military 
        Justice: DOD and the Coast Guard Need to Improve Their 
        Capabilities to Assess Racial and Gender Disparities'' 
        (GAO-19-344).
            (2) Requirements in section 540I(b) of the National 
        Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2020 (Public 
        Law 116-92; 133 Stat. 1369; 10 U.S.C. 810 note), 
        relating to assessments covered by such 
        recommendations.
    (b) Elements.--The report required by subsection (a) shall 
include, for each recommendation and requirement specified in 
that subsection, the following:
            (1) A description of the actions taken or planned 
        by the Department of Defense, the military department 
        concerned, or the Armed Force concerned to implement 
        such recommendation or requirement.
            (2) An assessment of the extent to which the 
        actions taken to implement such recommendation or 
        requirement, as described pursuant to paragraph (1), 
        are effective or meet the intended objective.
            (3) Any other matters in connection with such 
        recommendation or requirement, and the implementation 
        of such recommendation or requirement by the Armed 
        Forces, that the Comptroller General considers 
        appropriate.
    (c) Briefings.--Not later than May 1, 2021, the Comptroller 
General shall provide the committees referred to in subsection 
(a) one or more briefings on the status of the study required 
by that subsection, including any preliminary findings and 
recommendations of the Comptroller General as a result of the 
study as of the date of such briefing.

SEC. 548. LEGAL ASSISTANCE FOR VETERANS AND SURVIVING SPOUSES AND 
                    DEPENDENTS.

    (a) Availability of Legal Assistance at Facilities of 
Department of Veterans Affairs.--
            (1) In general.--Chapter 59 of title 38, United 
        States Code, is amended by adding at the end the 
        following new section:

``Sec. 5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities

    ``(a) In General.--Not less frequently than three times 
each year, the Secretary shall facilitate the provision by a 
qualified legal assistance clinic of pro bono legal assistance 
described in subsection (c) to eligible individuals at not 
fewer than one medical center of the Department of Veterans 
Affairs, or such other facility of the Department as the 
Secretary considers appropriate, in each State.
    ``(b) Eligible Individuals.--For purposes of this section, 
an eligible individual is--
            ``(1) any veteran;
            ``(2) any surviving spouse; or
            ``(3) any child of a veteran who has died.
    ``(c) Pro Bono Legal Assistance Described.--The pro bono 
legal assistance described in this subsection is the following:
            ``(1) Legal assistance with any program 
        administered by the Secretary.
            ``(2) Legal assistance associated with--
                    ``(A) improving the status of a military 
                discharge or characterization of service in the 
                Armed Forces, including through a discharge 
                review board; or
                    ``(B) seeking a review of a military record 
                before a board of correction for military or 
                naval records.
            ``(3) Such other legal assistance as the 
        Secretary--
                    ``(A) considers appropriate; and
                    ``(B) determines may be needed by eligible 
                individuals.
    ``(d) Limitation on Use of Facilities.--Space in a medical 
center or facility designated under subsection (a) shall be 
reserved for and may only be used by the following, subject to 
review and removal from participation by the Secretary:
            ``(1) A veterans service organization or other 
        nonprofit organization.
            ``(2) A legal assistance clinic associated with an 
        accredited law school.
            ``(3) A legal services organization.
            ``(4) A bar association.
            ``(5) Such other attorneys and entities as the 
        Secretary considers appropriate.
    ``(e) Legal Assistance in Rural Areas.--In carrying out 
this section, the Secretary shall ensure that pro bono legal 
assistance is provided under subsection (a) in rural areas.
    ``(f) Definition of Veterans Service Organization.--In this 
section, the term `veterans service organization' means any 
organization recognized by the Secretary for the representation 
of veterans under section 5902 of this title.''.
            (2) Clerical amendment.--The table of sections at 
        the beginning of chapter 59 of such title is amended by 
        adding at the end the following new item:

``5906. Availability of legal assistance at Department facilities.''.

    (b) Pilot Program to Establish and Support Legal Assistance 
Clinics.--
            (1) Pilot program required.--
                    (A) In general.--Not later than one year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary of Veterans Affairs shall 
                establish a pilot program to assess the 
                feasibility and advisability of awarding grants 
                to eligible entities to establish new legal 
                assistance clinics, or enhance existing legal 
                assistance clinics or other pro bono efforts, 
                for the provision of pro bono legal assistance 
                described in subsection (c) of section 5906 of 
                title 38, United States Code, as added by 
                subsection (a), on a year-round basis to 
                individuals who served in the Armed Forces, 
                including individuals who served in a reserve 
                component of the Armed Forces, and who were 
                discharged or released therefrom, regardless of 
                the conditions of such discharge or release, at 
                locations other than medical centers and 
                facilities described in subsection (a) of such 
                section.
                    (B) Rule of construction.--Nothing in 
                subparagraph (A) shall be construed to limit or 
                affect--
                            (i) the provision of pro bono legal 
                        assistance to eligible individuals at 
                        medical centers and facilities of the 
                        Department of Veterans Affairs under 
                        section 5906(a) of title 38, United 
                        States Code, as added by subsection 
                        (a); or
                            (ii) any other legal assistance 
                        provided pro bono at medical centers or 
                        facilities of the Department as of the 
                        date of the enactment of this Act.
            (2) Eligible entities.--For purposes of the pilot 
        program, an eligible entity is--
                    (A) a veterans service organization or 
                other nonprofit organization specifically 
                focused on assisting veterans;
                    (B) an entity specifically focused on 
                assisting veterans and associated with an 
                accredited law school;
                    (C) a legal services organization or bar 
                association; or
                    (D) such other type of entity as the 
                Secretary considers appropriate for purposes of 
                the pilot program.
            (3) Locations.--The Secretary shall ensure that at 
        least one grant is awarded under paragraph (1)(A) to at 
        least one eligible entity in each State, if the 
        Secretary determines that there is such an entity in a 
        State that has applied for, and meets requirements for 
        the award of, such a grant.
            (4) Duration.--The Secretary shall carry out the 
        pilot program during the five-year period beginning on 
        the date on which the Secretary establishes the pilot 
        program.
            (5) Application.--An eligible entity seeking a 
        grant under the pilot program shall submit to the 
        Secretary an application therefore at such time, in 
        such manner, and containing such information as the 
        Secretary may require.
            (6) Selection.--The Secretary shall select eligible 
        entities who submit applications under paragraph (5) 
        for the award of grants under the pilot program using a 
        competitive process that takes into account the 
        following:
                    (A) Capacity of the applicant entity to 
                serve veterans and ability of the entity to 
                provide sound legal advice.
                    (B) Demonstrated need of the veteran 
                population the applicant entity would serve.
                    (C) Demonstrated need of the applicant 
                entity for assistance from the grants.
                    (D) Geographic diversity of applicant 
                entities.
                    (E) Such other criteria as the Secretary 
                considers appropriate.
            (7) Grantee reports.--Each recipient of a grant 
        under the pilot program shall, in accordance with such 
        criteria as the Secretary may establish, submit to the 
        Secretary a report on the activities of the recipient 
        and how the grant amounts were used.
    (c) Review of Pro Bono Eligibility of Federal Workers.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Veterans Affairs 
        shall, in consultation with the Attorney General and 
        the Director of the Office of Government Ethics, 
        conduct a review of the rules and regulations governing 
        the circumstances under which attorneys employed by the 
        Federal Government can provide pro bono legal 
        assistance.
            (2) Recommendations.--In conducting the review 
        required by paragraph (1), the Secretary shall develop 
        recommendations for such legislative or administrative 
        action as the Secretary considers appropriate to 
        facilitate greater participation by Federal employees 
        in pro bono legal and other volunteer services for 
        veterans.
            (3) Submittal to congress.--Not later than one year 
        after the date of the enactment of this Act, the 
        Secretary shall submit to the appropriate committees of 
        Congress--
                    (A) the findings of the Secretary with 
                respect to the review conducted under paragraph 
                (1); and
                    (B) the recommendations developed by the 
                Secretary under paragraph (2).
    (d) Report.--Not later than 180 days after the date of the 
enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit to the 
appropriate committees of Congress a report on the status of 
the implementation of this section.
    (e) Definitions.--In this section:
            (1) Appropriate committees of congress.--The term 
        ``appropriate committees of Congress'' means--
                    (A) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and 
                the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; 
                and
                    (B) the Committee on Veterans' Affairs and 
                the Committee on Appropriations of the House of 
                Representatives.
            (2) Veterans service organization.--The term 
        ``veterans service organization'' means any 
        organization recognized by the Secretary for the 
        representation of veterans under section 5902 of title 
        38, United States Code.

SEC. 549. CLARIFICATION OF TERMINATION OF LEASES OF PREMISES AND MOTOR 
                    VEHICLES OF SERVICEMEMBERS WHO INCUR CATASTROPHIC 
                    INJURY OR ILLNESS OR DIE WHILE IN MILITARY SERVICE.

    (a) Catastrophic Injuries and Illnesses.--Paragraph (4) of 
section 305(a) of the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (50 
U.S.C. 3955(a)) is amended to read as follows:
            ``(4) Catastrophic injury or illness of lessee.--
                    ``(A) Termination.--If the lessee on a 
                lease described in subsection (b) incurs a 
                catastrophic injury or illness during a period 
                of military service or while performing covered 
                service, during the one-year period beginning 
                on the date on which the lessee incurs such 
                injury or illness--
                            ``(i) the lessee may terminate the 
                        lease; or
                            ``(ii) in the case of a lessee who 
                        lacks the mental capacity to contract 
                        or to manage his or her own affairs 
                        (including disbursement of funds 
                        without limitation) due to such injury 
                        or illness, the spouse or dependent of 
                        the lessee may terminate the lease.
                    ``(B) Definitions.--In this paragraph:
                            ``(i) The term `catastrophic injury 
                        or illness' has the meaning given that 
                        term in section 439(g) of title 37, 
                        United States Code.
                            ``(ii) The term `covered service' 
                        means full-time National Guard duty, 
                        active Guard and Reserve duty, or 
                        inactive-duty training (as such terms 
                        are defined in section 101(d) of title 
                        10, United States Code).''.
    (b) Deaths.--Paragraph (3) of such section is amended by 
striking ``The spouse of the lessee'' and inserting ``The 
spouse or dependent of the lessee''.

SEC. 549A. MULTIDISCIPLINARY BOARD TO EVALUATE SUICIDE EVENTS.

    (a) Guidance Required.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
issue guidance that requires each suicide event involving of a 
member of a covered Armed Force to be reviewed by a 
multidisciplinary board established at the command or 
installation level, or by the Chief of the covered Armed Force. 
Such guidance shall require that, for each suicide event 
reviewed by such a board, the board shall--
            (1) clearly define the objective, purpose, and 
        outcome of the review;
            (2) take a multidisciplinary approach to the review 
        and include, as part of the review process, leaders of 
        military units, medical and mental health 
        professionals, and representatives of military criminal 
        investigative organizations; and
            (3) take appropriate steps to protect and share 
        information obtained from ongoing investigations into 
        the event (such as medical and law enforcement 
        reports).
    (b) Implementation by Covered Armed Forces.--Not later than 
90 days after the date on which the guidance is issued under 
subsection (a), the Chiefs of the covered Armed Forces shall 
implement the guidance.
    (c) Progress Report.--Not later than 180 days after the 
date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Defense 
shall submit to the congressional defense committees a report 
on the progress of the Secretary in implementing the guidance 
required under subsection (a).
    (d) Covered Armed Forces Defined.--In this section, the 
term ``covered Armed Forces'' means the Army, Navy, Air Force, 
Marine Corps, and Space Force.

SEC. 549B. IMPROVEMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TRACKING OF AND 
                    RESPONSE TO INCIDENTS OF CHILD ABUSE, ADULT CRIMES 
                    AGAINST CHILDREN, AND SERIOUS HARMFUL BEHAVIOR 
                    BETWEEN CHILDREN AND YOUTH INVOLVING MILITARY 
                    DEPENDENTS ON MILITARY INSTALLATIONS.

    (a) Improvements Required.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall, 
        consistent with recommendations of the Comptroller 
        General of the United States in Government 
        Accountability Office report GA0-20-110, take actions 
        in accordance with this section in order to improve the 
        efforts of the Department of Defense to track and 
        respond to incidents of serious harm to children 
        involving dependents of members of the Armed Forces 
        that occur on military installations (in this section 
        referred to as ``covered incidents of serious harm to 
        children'').
            (2) Serious harm to children defined.--In this 
        section, the term ``serious harm to children'' includes 
        the following:
                    (A) Caregiver child abuse involving 
                physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, 
                or neglect.
                    (B) Non-caregiver adult crimes against 
                children.
                    (C) Serious harmful behaviors between 
                children and youth of a physical, sexual, or 
                emotional nature.
    (b) Data Collection and Tracking of Incidents of Harm to 
Children.--
            (1) Non-caregiver adult crimes against children.--
        The Secretary of Defense shall establish a process for 
        the Department of Defense to track reported covered 
        incidents of serious harm to children described in 
        subsection (a)(2)(B) in which the alleged offender is 
        an adult who is not a parent, guardian, or someone in a 
        caregiving role at the time of the incident. The 
        information so tracked shall comport with the 
        information tracked by the Department in reported 
        covered incidents of serious harm to children in which 
        the alleged offender is a parent, guardian, or someone 
        in a caregiving role at the time of the incident.
            (2) Serious harmful behaviors between children and 
        youth.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of Defense 
                shall develop and maintain in the Department of 
                Defense a centralized database to track 
                incidents of serious harmful behaviors between 
                children and youth described in subsection 
                (a)(2)(C), including information across the 
                Department on problematic sexual behavior in 
                children and youth that are reported to an 
                appropriate office, as determined by the 
                Secretary, or investigated by a military 
                criminal investigative organization, regardless 
                of whether the alleged offender was another 
                child, an adult, or someone in a non-caregiving 
                role at the time of an incident.
                    (B) Elements.--The centralized database 
                required by this paragraph shall include, for 
                each incident within the database, the 
                following:
                            (i) Information pertinent to a 
                        determination by the Department on 
                        whether such incident meets the 
                        definition of an incident of serious 
                        harmful behavior between children and 
                        youth.
                            (ii) The results of any 
                        investigation of such incident by a 
                        military criminal investigative 
                        organization.
                            (iii) Information on the ultimate 
                        disposition of the incident, if any, 
                        including any administrative or 
                        prosecutorial action taken.
                    (C) Annual reports on information.--The 
                information collected and maintained in the 
                centralized database required by this paragraph 
                shall be reported on an annual basis as part of 
                the annual reports by the Secretary on child 
                abuse and domestic abuse in the military as 
                required by section 574 of the National Defense 
                Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 (Public 
                Law 114-328; 130 Stat. 2141).
                    (D) Briefings.--Not later than March 31, 
                2021, and every six months thereafter until the 
                centralized database required by this paragraph 
                is fully operational, the Secretary shall brief 
                the Committees on Armed Services of the Senate 
                and the House of Representatives on the status 
                of the database.
            (3) Department of defense reporting guidance.--The 
        Secretary of Defense shall issue guidance regarding 
        which incidents of serious harmful behavior between 
        children and youth require reporting to the Family 
        Advocacy Program, a military criminal investigative 
        organization, or another component of the Department of 
        Defense designated by the Secretary.
    (c) Response Procedures for Incidents of Serious Harm to 
Children Reported to Family Advocacy Programs.--
            (1) Incident determination committee membership.--
        The Secretary of Defense shall ensure that the voting 
        membership of each Incident Determination Committee, as 
        defined in paragraph (7), on a military installation 
        includes medical personnel with the knowledge and 
        expertise required to determine whether a reported 
        incident of serious harm to a child meets the criteria 
        of the Department of Defense for treatment as child 
        abuse.
            (2) Screening reported incidents of serious harm to 
        children.--
                    (A) Development of standardized process.--
                The Secretary of Defense shall develop a 
                standardized process by which the Family 
                Advocacy Programs of the military departments 
                screen reported covered incidents of serious 
                harm to children to determine whether to 
                present such incident to an Incident 
                Determination Committee.
                    (B) Monitoring.--The Secretary of each 
                military department shall develop a process to 
                monitor the manner in which reported incidents 
                of serious harm to children are screened by 
                each installation under the jurisdiction of 
                such Secretary in order to ensure that such 
                screening complies with the standardized 
                screening process developed pursuant to 
                subparagraph (A).
            (3) Required notifications.--
                    (A) Documentation.--The Secretary of each 
                military department shall require that 
                installation Family Advocacy Programs and 
                military criminal investigative organizations 
                under the jurisdiction of such Secretary 
                document in their respective databases the date 
                on which they notified the other of a reported 
                incident of serious harm to a child.
                    (B) Oversight.--The Secretary of each 
                military department shall require that the 
                Family Advocacy Program of such military 
                department, and the headquarters of the 
                military criminal investigative organizations 
                of such military department, develop processes 
                to oversee the documentation of notifications 
                required by subparagraph (A) in order to ensure 
                that such notifications occur on a consistent 
                basis at installation level.
            (4) Certified pediatric sexual assault forensic 
        examiners.--
                    (A) Geographic regions for examiners.--The 
                Secretary of Defense shall specify geographic 
                regions in which military families reside for 
                purposes of the availability of and access to 
                certified pediatric sexual assault examiners in 
                such regions.
                    (B) Availability.--The Secretary shall 
                ensure that--
                            (i) one or more certified pediatric 
                        sexual assault examiners are located in 
                        each geographic region specified 
                        pursuant to subparagraph (A); and
                            (ii) examiners so located serve as 
                        certified pediatric sexual assault 
                        examiners throughout such region, 
                        without regard to Armed Force or 
                        installation.
            (5) Removal of children from unsafe homes 
        overseas.--The Secretary of Defense shall issue policy 
        that clarifies and standardizes across the Armed Forces 
        the circumstances under which a commander may remove a 
        child from a potentially unsafe home at an installation 
        overseas.
            (6) Resource guide for victims of serious harm to 
        children.--
                    (A) In general.--The Secretary of each 
                military department shall develop and maintain 
                a comprehensive guide on resources available 
                through the Department of Defense and such 
                military department for military families under 
                the jurisdiction of such Secretary who are 
                victims of serious harm to children.
                    (B) Elements.--Each guide under this 
                paragraph shall include the following:
                            (i) Information on the response 
                        processes of the Family Advocacy 
                        Programs and military criminal 
                        investigative organizations of the 
                        military department concerned.
                            (ii) Lists of available support 
                        services, such as legal, medical, and 
                        victim advocacy services, through the 
                        Department of Defense and the military 
                        department concerned.
                    (C) Distribution.--A resource guide under 
                this paragraph shall be presented to a military 
                family by an installation Family Advocacy 
                Program and military criminal investigative 
                personnel when a covered incident of serious 
                harm to a child involving a child in such 
                family is reported.
                    (D) Availability on internet.--A current 
                version of each resource guide under this 
                paragraph shall be available to the public on 
                an Internet website of the military department 
                concerned available to the public.
            (7) Incident determination committee defined.--In 
        this subsection, the term ``Incident Determination 
        Committee'' means a committee established at a military 
        installation that is responsible for reviewing reported 
        incidents of child abuse and determining whether such 
        incidents constitute serious harm to children according 
        to the applicable criteria of the Department of 
        Defense.
    (d) Coordination and Collaboration With Non-military 
Resources.--
            (1) Consultation with states.--The Secretary of 
        Defense shall--
                    (A) continue the outreach efforts of the 
                Department of Defense to the States in order to 
                ensure that States are notified when a member 
                of the Armed Forces or a military dependent is 
                involved in a reported incident of serious harm 
                to a child off a military installation; and
                    (B) increase efforts at information sharing 
                between the Department and the States on such 
                incidents of serious harm to children, 
                including entry into memoranda of understanding 
                with State child welfare agencies on 
                information sharing in connection with such 
                incidents.
            (2) Collaboration with national children's 
        alliance.--
                    (A) Memoranda of understanding.--The 
                Secretary of each military department shall 
                seek to enter into a memorandum of 
                understanding with the National Children's 
                Alliance, or similar organization, under 
                which--
                            (i) the children's advocacy center 
                        services of the Alliance are available 
                        to all installations in the continental 
                        United States under the jurisdiction of 
                        such Secretary; and
                            (ii) members of the Armed Forces 
                        under the jurisdiction of such 
                        Secretary are made aware of the nature 
                        and availability of such services.
                    (B) Participation of certain entities.--
                Each memorandum of understanding under this 
                paragraph shall provide for the appropriate 
                participation of the Family Advocacy Program 
                and military criminal investigative 
                organizations of the military department 
                concerned in activities under such memorandum 
                of understanding.
                    (C) Briefing.--Not later than one year 
                after the date of the enactment of this Act, 
                the Secretary of each military department shall 
                provide to the Committees on Armed Services of 
                the Senate and the House of Representatives a 
                briefing on the status of the development of a 
                memorandum of understanding with the National 
                Children's Alliance under this paragraph, 
                together with information on which 
                installations, if any, under the jurisdiction 
                of such Secretary have entered into a written 
                agreement with a local children's advocacy 
                center with respect to serious harm to children 
                on such installations.

SEC. 549C. INDEPENDENT ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ON DOMESTIC 
                    VIOLENCE IN THE ARMED FORCES.

    (a) Analysis and Recommendations.--
            (1) In general.--The Secretary of Defense shall 
        seek to enter into a contract or other agreement with 
        an appropriate entity in the private sector (including 
        a Federally funded research and development center) for 
        the conduct of an analysis and the development of 
        recommendations on means to improve the effectiveness 
        o